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SRB Presentation

SRB Presentation

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Student Resource Building!

Student  Resource  Building  Comfort  and  Energy  Study   Spring  2011  

The    

Michael  Georgescu   Bryan  Eisenhower   Igor  Mezic  

q  q  q  q  q  q 

Building  Design   Sustainability  Features   Hea3ng  and  Cooling  Systems   Facility  Energy  Usage   Energy  Visualiza3on  Tools   Recommenda3ons  

Outline  

General Information!
General  StaBsBcs         Name:   Student  Resource  Building   LocaBon:   Santa  Barbara   Size:   68,413  Square  Feet   FuncBon:   University  Administra3on  and  Mul3-­‐func3onal  Spaces     Levels:   3   Project  Delivery  Method:   Design-­‐Bid-­‐Build   ConstrucBon  Dates:   Spring  2005  –  November  2006   Cost:   $18,986,000           The     ConstrucBon  Details         Architect,  Interiors  and  Landscape:    Sasaki  Associates,  INC.   Structural  +  MEP  Engineering:   ARUP        

hYp://leadership.sa.ucsb.edu  

General - Design Intent!
q The  SRB  was  designed  to  be  a   space  where  campus   departments  and  organiza3ons   could  collec3vely  assist   students  from  a  centralized   loca3on  
The    
Departments   in  SRB  
Campus  Learning   Assistance  Services   Disabled  Students   Program   Educa3onal  Opportunity   Program   Graduate  Division  –   Diversity,  Recruitment,   Reten3on   Office  of  Student  Life   Office  of  Interna3onal   Students  and  Scholars   Office  of  Judicial  Affairs  

Resource   Centers  in  SRB  
African  and  Diasporic   Cultural  Resource  Center   American  Indian   Resource  Center   Asian  Resource  Center  

Chican@/La3n@   Resource  Center   Greek  Student  Resource   Center   Middle  Eastern  Resource   Center   Non-­‐Tradi3onal  and  Re-­‐ entry  Student  Resource   Center   Resource  Center  for   Sexual  and  Gender   Diversity  

Orienta3on  Programs  

Student  Affairs  Grants   and  Development   Women’s  Center   Images  courtesy  of  Sasaki  Associates,  INC  

q  q  q  q  q  q 

Building  Design   Sustainability  Features   Hea3ng  and  Cooling  Systems   Facility  Energy  Usage   Comfort  and  Energy  Visualiza3on  Tools   Recommenda3ons  

Outline  

Sustainability!
q Reinforcing  the  University’s  demand  for  sustainable  buildings,  the   SRB  incorporates  innova3ons  in  energy  efficient  design  through   green  measures  including:    
v  Building  construc3on  with  materials  containing  few  vola3le  organic   compounds   v  Mo3on  operated  ligh3ng  controls  to  reduce  energy  usage   v  Low  flow  water  fixtures   v  Passive  ven3la3on/cooling  in  many  building  areas   v  Real-­‐3me  energy  use  monitoring  and  metering   The    

q As  a  result  of  these  measures,   the  SRB  has  obtained  LEED  silver   cer3fica3on  from  the  United   States  Green  Building  Council  

Images  courtesy  of  Sasaki  Associates,  INC  

Sustainability - Energy End Use!
q In  addi3on  to  sustainable  building  design,  reducing  energy  usage  is   important  in  minimizing  a  building’s  nega3ve  environmental  impact     q In  most  buildings,  the  largest  form  of  energy  consump3on  is  from  ligh3ng,   space  hea3ng  and  cooling  (blue  and  green  above)  
Already   Op3mized   Through   Sustainability     Measures  

The    

Room  For   Improvement   Through   BeYer   Building   Opera3on  

hYp://buildingsdatabook.eren.doe.gov/ChartView.aspx?chartID=0  

The  focus  of  this  project  is  to  decrease  energy  usage  while  maintaining   comfort  by  opBmizing  the  operaBon  of  the  building  

q  q  q  q  q  q 

Building  Design   Sustainability  Features   HeaBng  and  Cooling  Systems   Facility  Energy  Usage   Comfort  and  Energy  Visualiza3on  Tools   Recommenda3ons  

Outline  

Heating and Cooling!
q  To  gauge  the  efficiency  of  the  building’s  thermal  performance,   analysis  was  performed  on  the  components  responsible  for   controlling  the  building’s  temperature     q  The  Student  Resources  Building  has  three  different  mechanisms  to   keep  occupants  comfortable   1.  Radiant  floor  and  baseboard  panel  hea3ng   2.  Natural  ven3la3on  (through  windows  and  Atrium)   3.  Mechanical  ven3la3on  (through  vents  in  non-­‐perimeter   rooms)  

hYp://www.hgtvpro.com/hpro/photo_template/ar3cle/0,3140,HPRO_28216_5930262_06,00.html  

Heating and Cooling - Radiant!
q  In  certain  rooms,  heat  is  introduced  through  hot  water  pipes:   •  Radiant  hea3ng  occurs  through  the  floor  of  the  atrium  and   daycare  center   •  Convec3ve  hea3ng  takes  place  in  baseboard  heaters  along   the  walls  of  offices  in  the  building’s  perimeter    
Convec3ve  Heater   Baseboard  

Radiant  Floor  Hea3ng  

hYp://www.radianthea3ngsystem.net/2010/06/04/hydronic-­‐radiant-­‐floor-­‐hea3ng/hydronic-­‐radiant-­‐floor-­‐hea3ng/  

Heating and Cooling - Natural!
q The  building  perimeter  and  atria  is   cooled  through  natural  ven3la3on   q The  atrium’s  height  promotes   natural  airflow  by  lemng  hot  air   escape  from  the  ceiling  while  cool   air  stays  at  ground  floor   q This  airflow  is  enhanced  by  open   windows  and  vents  around  the   perimeter  of  the  building  
The     Wind   Diagram  of  the  stack  effect   Windows   Atrium  

Heating and Cooling - Mechanical!
Recirculated  Air     Supply  Air   Outdoor   Air  
Cooling   Coil   Hea3ng   Coil  

Air  Handling  Unit  
Outdoors  

Room  Vents  
HeaBng  and  cooling  equipment  

Out  

Building  

q   An  air  handling  unit  (AHU)  is  part  of  a  building’s  mechanical   hea3ng  and  ven3la3on  (HVAC)  system  and  provides     -­‐  Fresh  outdoor  air  to  improve  air  quality   -­‐  Hea3ng/cooling  for  comfort   q   The  air  is  ini3ally  cooled  on  the  roonop  AHU  and  reheated  as   necessary  just  before  entering  each  room  

   

q  q  q  q  q  q 

Building  Design   Sustainability  Features   Hea3ng  and  Cooling  Systems   Facility  Energy  Usage   Comfort  and  Energy  Visualiza3on  Tools   Recommenda3ons  

Outline  

Energy Usage - Facility!
q  The  SRB  consumes  three  forms  of  source  energy:  Electricity   (red),  Gas  (Green),  and  Chilled  Water  (blue)      
    Site  Energy  Usage  

q  The  amount  of  site  energy  usage  is  heavily   influenced  by  seasonal  weather  condi3ons    
   

   

Metasys  data  

Electricity Consumption Intensity!
q Electricity  consump3on  intensity  is  a  performance  metric  that   measures  energy  usage  rela3ve  to  building  area   q It  allows  buildings  of  different  size  to  be  compared  to  each  other    

S  

SRB  

q The  SRB  uses  approximately  600,000  kWH  of  electricity  each  year   q For  comparison,  an  average  office  building  of  similar  size  uses   950,000  kWH*  
*Based  on  CBECS  average  

q  q  q  q  q  q 

Building  Design   Sustainability  Features   Hea3ng  and  Cooling  Systems   Facility  Energy  Usage   Comfort  and  Energy  VisualizaBon  Tools   Recommenda3ons  

Outline  

Tools – Current State of Affairs!

q   Building  opera3on  is  currently   subop3mal  (in  general)   Ø En3re  building  is  not  analyzed  at  once   Ø Too  much  data,  takes  too  long  to   obtain  &  process  
For  the  SRB  project,  we  have  developed  a  toolkit  that   aggregates  building-­‐wide  data  with  one  push  of  the  buYon  

Tools – Spatial Analysis!
Tradi3onal  Analysis  

Tradi3onal  analysis  looks  at  energy  at  the  facility  level     In  our  approach,  we  look  at  opera3on  at  a  finer  scale  
Finer  Scale  Analysis  

Tools – Spatial Analysis! ! North  view  
Floor  3  

Floor  2  

South  view  

Floor  1   Floor  by  floor  layout  

SRB  –  Architectural  Schema3c  

q To  analyze  sensor  data  at  a  finer  scale,  a  visualiza3on  tool  was   developed  to  spa3ally  display  informa3on   q With  a  floor  by  floor  display  of  informa3on,  area  specific   subop3mal  performance  is  more  easily  iden3fied  

Tools – Previous Building Software!
q Previous  building  management  sonware  is  menu  driven  and   text  based   q Much  naviga3on  &  3me  necessary  just  to  plot  measured  data  

Tools – SRB Toolkit!
q In  contrast  to  current  sonware  building  diagnos3c  tools,  the   visualiza3on  GUI  developed  is  graphically  based  and  can   quickly  display  informa3on  and  iden3fy  possible  abnormali3es   in  building  behavior    

Tools – Wireless Sensors!
q  For  detailed  analysis,  data  was   analyzed  from  room-­‐level   sensors   q  All  non-­‐yellow  regions  in  the   building  previously  had  sensors   installed.     q  To  gain  more  informa3on,   wireless  sensors  were  installed   in  these  yellow  regions   S  

Receiver:     Wireless  Sensor:    

SRB  Floor  Plan  (3rd  Floor)  

Tools – Temperature Sensors!

1st  Floor  

2nd  Floor   Legend  
Shading  Color  

3rd  Floor  
DescripBon  

q The  maps  above  illustrates   the  loca3on  of  these  sensors   q Addi3onal  sensors  (wireless)   are  being  added  in  areas  that   have  no  sensing    
 

Yellow   Non-­‐yellow   Black    

No  current  sensing   Instrumented  with   sensors   (temperature)   Wireless  Sensor  

Tools - Thermostat Settings!

q  Highlighted  rooms  are  currently   regulated  to  the  temperature  of   the  thermostat  semng  shown   here   q  Throughout  the  building  there  is   a  10  degree  varia3on  in   thermostat  semng  temperature  
*These  thermostat  plots  represent  semngs  for  early  January  

°F  

°F  

Tools - Local air reheating!
q   Rooms  requiring  air  warmer  than  what  the  air  handling   unit  provides  have  in-­‐vent  heaters  to  reheat  air  before   it’s  delivered   q   In  “reheat”  figures  as  shown  below,  the  magnitude  of   the  air  temperature  difference  over  the  reheat  coil  is   ploYed      
E   LiYle  or  no   in-­‐vent   rehea3ng   applied   Large   amount  of   in-­‐vent   rehea3ng  

Reheat  Plot  

°F  

Tools – Energy Modeling!
q The  sensor  data  from  the  building  provides  a  limited  picture  of   its  behavior   q An  energy  model  can  be  used  to  obtain  informa3on  about  the   physics  of  the  building   Ø  Unmeasured  comfort  &  energy  usage   Ø  Inves3ga3ng  opera3on  alterna3ves   Ø  Detailed  analysis  of  current  design   Ø  Retrofit  designs  considera3ons  

Tools - Energy Modeling!
q   Energy  models  capture  both  the  architectural  components  of   the  building  as  well  as  its  thermal  physics   q     Typical  sonware  contains  front-­‐end  for  drawing  purposes,   with  mathema3cal  engine  for  computa3on  
 
Student  Interns  

Ryan  

Casey  

Erika  

Building  design  

Equa3ons  /   Physics  /  etc.  

Tools - SRB Model!
The  SRB  Energy  Model  captures  weather,  building   design  and  opera3on  to  predict  thermal  performance  
North

Tools - Model vs. Data Comparison!
Model  Vs.  Data  Energy  Usage  

These  are  only  iniBal   results!  

Building  Data  

Model  

q Comparison  is  during  working  hours  of  the  month  of  July   q Model  results  is  on  similar  order  with  data   q Model  does  not  include  baseboard  hea3ng  since  it  is  occupant  controlled   and  usage  is  difficult  to  predict,  but  if  it  were  included,  electricity  and  gas   usage  would  increase     q Chilled  water  (cooling)  consump3on  is  en3rely  modeled  and  model  results   closely  match  building  data  

Tools - Overview!
q  SoWware  Tools   u  Building  Energy  Model   §  Predicts  characteris3cs  of  building   opera3on   §  Helpful  in  studying  building  behavior   for  different  opera3ng  condi3ons   u  Visualiza3on  GUI   §  Allows  quick  display  of  informa3on   from  sensors  or  model  data   q  Measurement  Tools   u  Metasys  Sensors   §  Senses  environment  in  areas   containing  HVAC  equipment   u  Wireless  Sensors   •  Allows  measurement  of  temperature   in  naturally  ven3lated  areas   q  Analysis  Tools   u  Spa3al  Temperature  Distribu3ons   •  Temperatures  from  Metasys  and   wireless  sensors   •  Highlights  areas  of  discomfort  or   subop3mal  HVAC  opera3on   u  Spa3al  Reheat  Plot   •  Visualizes  fine  detail  energy  usage  of   HVAC  system   •  Illustrates  inter-­‐room  interac3ons  of   mechanically  ven3lated  areas  and   instantaneous  hea3ng  /  cooling   demand  

q  q  q  q  q  q 

Building  Design   Sustainability  Features   Hea3ng  and  Cooling  Systems   Facility  Energy  Usage   Comfort  and  Energy  Visualiza3on  Tools   RecommendaBons  

Outline  

Aner  crea3ng  the  comfort  and  energy   visualiza3on  tools,  the  SRB  data  was  studied   in  great  detail  and  recommenda3ons  were   created  to  improve  comfort  and  energy   efficiency  
Data   Tools   RecommendaBons  

  Case  Number   ObservaBon  
1  (mul3-­‐ purpose   room)    

Case  Studies  &  Recommended  Improvements  
ResulBng  behavior   Excessive  hea3ng  and   cooling   Excessive  hea3ng  and   cooling   Excessive  hea3ng   Uncomfortable   temperatures   Uncomfortable   condi3ons  at  night   Excessive  energy  use   SuggesBon   Remove  or  reset  one   thermostat   Remove  or  reset  one   thermostat     Relocate  thermostat   Change  cooling   schedule  and  capacity   Match  schedules  to   occupancy   Reset  boiler  schedule   Match  schedules  to   occupancy     Unusual  hea3ng  paYern  in   adjacent  rooms  

2  (DSP  center)   Unusual  hea3ng  paYern  in   adjacent  rooms   3  (CLAS   office)   Unresponsive  hea3ng  

4  (Comp.  lab)   Inadequate  cooling   5  (AHU)   6  (Boiler)   7  (mul3-­‐ purpose   room)   Improper  HVAC  scheduling   Excessive  boiler  opera3on  

HVAC  prematurely  shut  down   Uncomfortable   condi3ons    

Case 1: Excessive heating / cooling!

Summer  

Reheat  Plot   Summer  

Winter  

q   The  local  climate  is  such  that  most  rooms  in  the  SRB   should  only  require  hea3ng  in  the  winter  months     q   A  room  displaying  reheat  in  the  summer  and  no  reheat   in  winter  is  abnormal  and  can  indicate  improper  HVAC   opera3on  for  that  room’s  thermostat  

Case 1: Excessive heating / cooling!

Hea3ng  

72  F   Room  A   Room  B   67  F   °F  

Cooling   Reheat  Plot  

°F  

Thermostat  SeYngs  

q   In  the  building  design  Rooms  A  and  B  appear  to  be  separated  and  use  two   different  thermostats   q   In  reality,  these  rooms  are  not  separate,  yet  due  to  different  thermostat   semngs,  a  conflict  is  made   q   The  rooms  use  extra  hea3ng  and  cooling  to  compensate  for  the  interference   each  room  has  on  the  other  

Sugges3on:    Change  sonware  to  use  only  one  thermostat  (large  room)  

Case 2: Excessive heating / cooling!
q Due  to  the  mixing  of  air  in  a   building,  many  factors  influence  a   room’s  temperature  including  the   temperature  of  adjacent  rooms   q If  a  room’s  temperature  is  more   effected  by  an  adjacent  room   rather  than  it’s  own  ven3la3on,   August   the  adjacent  room  may  impede  a   thermostat’s  opera3on   q This  interference  is  exhibited   when  a  room  uses  more  reheat  in   the  summer  rather  than  the   winter  
Reheat  Plot  

Case 2: Excessive heating / cooling!
Room  B  
67  F  

75.7  F   Room  A  

Reheat  Plot  

°F  

Thermostat  SeYng  

°F  

q  Aner  construc3on,  Rooms  A  and  B  were  originally  separated  by  a  wall   q  From  remodeling,  the  two  areas  are  now  a  single  room  with  two  thermostats   q   If  the  room’s  two  thermostat  set  points  are  dissimilar,  they  will  interfere  with   each  other  by  introducing  air  at  dissimilar  temperatures   q  In  the  worst  case:  half  the  room  is  being  heated  and  the  other  half  is  being   cooled  

Sugges3on:    Change  sonware  to  use  only  one  thermostat  (large  room)  

Case 3: Unresponsive heating!

August  

Summer  

Reheat  Plot  

Winter  

q Under  normal  circumstances,  a  room  that  is  con3nuously   being  heated  indicates  that  a  thermostats  set  point  is  not   being  reached  and  that  the  heat  supplied  is  not  sufficiently   effec3ng  the  temperature  of  the  room  

Case 3: Unresponsive heating!

Atrium  

December  Mean  Temperature   °F   Thermostat  Loca3on   q  Rooms  near  the  atrium  can  have  their  thermostat   skewed  if  placed  too  close  to  atrium  opening   q  If  thermostat  semng  is  too  high,  room  will  con3nually  be   heated   q  This  hea3ng  is  wasted  as  hot  air  flows  into  atrium  and   escapes  the  building  
Thermostat   SeYng  of   Room   Mean  Atrium   Temperature  

75.7  deg.  F  

69.6  deg.  F  

Sugges3on:    Move  thermostat  away  from  Atrium  

Case 4: Inadequate cooling!
July   August   September  

q Mechanically  ven3lated  rooms  which  overheat  are  not   August   being  supplied  enough  cool  air  to  condi3on  the  space   q The  circled  room  above  contains  many  computers   which  generate  a  lot  of  heat   q This  is  the  hoYest  ven3lated  room  in  the  building   because  there  is  insufficient  cool  air  being  supplied  
Sugges3on:    Increase  airflow  provided  to  the  computer  lab  by  adjus3ng  the   air  damper.  

Case 5: Improper HVAC scheduling!
 The  AHUs  should  be  scheduled  to  operate  only  when  needed  to   save  energy  and  keep  occupants  comfortable  

AHU1  

q   Yellow  por3ons  illustrate  when  the  AHU  is  opera3ng  and  not   needed   q   Maroon  por3ons  illustrate  when  the  AHU  is  not  opera3ng  but   needed  (i.e.  in  the  overhea3ng  computer  room)  
Sugges3on:    Reduce  energy  waste  by  turning  off  AHUs  during  yellow  regions.     Increase  comfort  by  con3nuing  to  operate  AHUs  during  maroon  por3ons.  

Case 6: Excessive boiler operation!
q The  SRB’s  boiler   operates   needlessly  during   the  late  night   q Hot  water   consump3on  for   building  hea3ng   accounts  for  20%   of  the  total   building  energy   usage  
 

Sugges3on:    Turn  boiler  off  during  unoccupied  hours  for  15-­‐20%  reduc3on  in   building  HVAC  hea3ng  water  usage  

Metasys  data  

Case 7: HVAC prematurely turned off!
Many  occupants  of  the  SRB  mul3purpose  (oval)  room  have   experienced  discomfort  during  evening  hours  

AHU1  

q   Maroon  por3ons  illustrate  when  the  mul3purpose  room’s  AHU   is  not  opera3ng  but  needed   u Hypothesis:  Occupants  are  uncomfortable  because  there  is  no   temperature  regula3on  during  nights  and  weekends  
Sugges3on:  Increase  comfort  by  con3nuing  to  operate  AHUs  during  3mes   highlighted  in  maroon  

Case  Number  

 

Conclusions  and  Ac3ons  
ObservaBon   ResulBng  behavior   ResoluBon  

1  (mul3-­‐ purpose  room)  

 

Unusual  hea3ng  paYern  in   adjacent  rooms  

Excessive  hea3ng  and   cooling  

Will  be  addressed  during   Facili3es’  reprogramming   project  of  SRB   thermostats   Will  be  addressed  during   Facili3es’  reprogramming   project  of  SRB   thermostats     Under  observa3on  by   Facili3es   Under  observa3on  by   Facili3es   Schedule  adjusted   Schedule  adjusted   Schedule  adjusted    

2  (DSP  center)  

Unusual  hea3ng  paYern  in   adjacent  rooms  

Excessive  hea3ng  and   cooling  

3  (CLAS  office)   4  (Computer   lab)   5  (AHU)   6  (Boiler)   7  (mul3-­‐ purpose  room)  

Unresponsive  hea3ng   Inadequate  cooling   Improper  HVAC  scheduling   Excessive  boiler  opera3on   HVAC  prematurely  shut  down  

Excessive  hea3ng   Uncomfortable   temperatures   Uncomfortable  condi3ons   at  night   Excessive  energy  use   Uncomfortable  condi3ons    

q  q  q  q  q  q  q 

Building  Design   Sustainability  Features   Hea3ng  and  Cooling  Systems   Facility  Energy  Usage   Comfort  and  Energy  Visualiza3on  Tools   Recommenda3ons   Future  Research  

Outline  

Future Work!

q     The  work  we  have  done  and  recommenda3ons  we  have   provided  primarily  focus  on  iden3fying  energy  waste  and   solu3ons  based  on  the  opera3on  of  the  building   q     Occupants  in  por3ons  of  the  SRB  are  s3ll  uncomfortable   which  drives  down  morale  and  produc3vity   Ø A  more  detailed  study  of  air-­‐flows  (natural  cooling)   within  the  building  will  help  to  op3mize  the  free  cooling   Ø Integra3on  of  the  comfort  /  energy  visualiza3on  at  the   desktop  level  will  provide  users  with  beYer   understanding  of  how  they  influence  their  own  comfort  

Tools - Overview!
q  SoWware  Tools   u  Building  Energy  Model   §  Predicts  characteris3cs  of  building   opera3on   §  Helpful  in  studying  building  behavior   for  different  opera3ng  condi3ons   u  Calibrate  Energy  Model   u  Visualiza3on  GUI   §  Allows  quick  display  of  informa3on   from  sensors  or  model  data   u  Desktop  ImplementaBon  of  InteracBve   VisualizaBon  &  Comfort  Tool   q  Measurement  Tools   u  Metasys  Sensors   §  Senses  environment  in  areas   containing  HVAC  equipment   u  Wireless  Sensors   •  Allows  measurement  of  temperature   in  naturally  ven3lated  areas   q  Analysis  Tools   u  Spa3al  Temperature  Distribu3ons   •  Temperatures  from  Metasys  and   wireless  sensors   •  Highlights  areas  of  discomfort  or   subop3mal  HVAC  opera3on   u  Spa3al  Reheat  Plot   •  Visualizes  fine  detail  energy  usage  of   HVAC  system   •  Illustrates  inter-­‐room  interac3ons  of   mechanically  ven3lated  areas  and   instantaneous  hea3ng  /  cooling   demand   u  Expand  visualizaBon  tool  to  be  interacBve   with  user  feedback   u  Perform  analysis  of    interacBon  of  natural     &  mechanical  flows  in  the  building  

*  Future  opportunity  

Improving Airflow!
q Many  factors  contribute  to  air   flow  in  the  SRB  including:   u  Flow  due  to  HVAC  opera3on   u  Natural  Ven3la3on   u  Air  flow  from  occupant  travel   q These  modes  of  air  transport   operate  independently   The     q LiYle  is  understood  of  how  these   factors  can  impede  or  enhance  a   building’s  opera3on   q Coopera3vely  controlling  these   system  has  the  poten3al  to  both   improve  comfort  and  reduce   consump3on      

Wind   Windows   Atrium  

Interactive Visualization Tool!

Possible  SoluBon:  Web  Based  Dashboard  
q Develop  no3fica3on  system  that  instructs   occupants  when  it’s  beneficial  to  open  windows   in  addi3on  to  other  building  sta3s3cs   q Include  feedback  so  occupants  can  also   communicate  level  of  comfort  produced  by   control  algorithm    
NoBficaBon  system  in  place  in  an   elementary  school  in  Virginia   Open  Windows  

Picture:  William  Wordsworth,  Nature  As  the  Teacher,  2010  

Tools - Overview!
q  SoWware  Tools   u  Building  Energy  Model   §  Predicts  characteris3cs  of  building   opera3on   §  Helpful  in  studying  building  behavior   for  different  opera3ng  condi3ons   u  Calibrate  Energy  Model   u  Visualiza3on  GUI   §  Allows  quick  display  of  informa3on   from  sensors  or  model  data   u  Desktop  ImplementaBon  of  InteracBve   VisualizaBon  &  Comfort  Tool   q  Measurement  Tools   u  Metasys  Sensors   §  Senses  environment  in  areas   containing  HVAC  equipment   u  Wireless  Sensors   •  Allows  measurement  of  temperature   in  naturally  ven3lated  areas   q  Analysis  Tools   u  Spa3al  Temperature  Distribu3ons   •  Temperatures  from  Metasys  and   wireless  sensors   •  Highlights  areas  of  discomfort  or   subop3mal  HVAC  opera3on   u  Spa3al  Reheat  Plot   •  Visualizes  fine  detail  energy  usage  of   HVAC  system   •  Illustrates  inter-­‐room  interac3ons  of   mechanically  ven3lated  areas  and   instantaneous  hea3ng  /  cooling   demand   u  Expand  visualizaBon  tool  to  be  interacBve   with  user  feedback   u  Perform  analysis  of    interacBon  of  natural     &  mechanical  flows  in  the  building  

*  Future  opportunity  

PresentaBon  Appendix  

Case 6 Savings Calculation Method!
q Daily  HVAC  hot  water   consump3on  shown   q During  this  month,  the  boiler   was  con3nuously  opera3ng   q Predicted  energy  savings   calculated  by  summing  hot   water  consump3on  during   unoccupied  building  hours   (12:00am  to  5:00am)     q Consump3on  during  night   hours  was  measured  to  be   20%  of  December’s  HVAC  hot   water  consump3on  
December  HVAC  Hot  Water  ConsumpBon   Energy  ConsumpBon  (kBtu)  

Day  of  Month  

Boiler  OperaBng  Schedule  

Metasys  data  

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