Michael Wegmann AP World History Chapter 1 Terms List Paleoanthropologist: A student of the earliest humans and the setting

in which they lived. Myth: An interpretive story of the past that cannot be verified historically but has a deep moral message. Enuma Elish: One of the earliest known stories; it is about the people of Akkad in Mesopotamia Caste: A hierarchical ordering of people into groups, fixed from birth, based on their inherited ritual status and determining whom they may marry and with whom they may eat. Charles Darwin: (1809-82) Formulated the modern theory of the biological evolution of species. Teleology: The philosophical study of final causes or purposes. Teleology refers especially to any system that interprets nature or the universe as having design or purpose. It has been used to provide evidence for the existence of God. Neanderthals: A primitive human being who stood between non-human primates and Homo sapiens, out own species. Homo habilis: "handy person"- First humanoid to use tools. Homo erectus: The most widespread of all prehistoric hominids, and the most similar to humans. Evolved about 2 million years ago and became extinct 100,000 years ago. Homo sapiens: Today's species of human (Homo sapiens means "human, wise") Great Rift Valley: valley that stretches from the Red Sea to Mozambique. Paradigm: A model of reality representing one viewpoint. Ice age: 20,000 years ago ice covered much of Europe and much of Canada Exogamy: The practice by which a person is compelled to choose a marital partner from outside his or her own group or clan, the opposite of endogamy, the choice of partner from within the group. Often the outside group from which the partner is to be chosen is specified. Shaman: In the religious beliefs of some Asian and American Tribal societies, a person capable of entering into trances and believed to be endowed with supernatural power with the ability to cure the sick, find lost or stolen property, predict the future and protect the community from

and as a priest a shaman directs communal sacrifices and escorts the souls of the dead to the next world. A shaman may act as judge or ruler. .evil spirits.

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