METHODS OF STUDYING HUMAN BEHAVIOR

A. THREE- LEVEL MODEL (I-G-O)
• • • 1. 2. 3. Milton proposes a model of studying human behavior at three levels; These three levels of analysis are also proposed by Hunsaker and Cook. Dimensions of study and their corresponding level of analysis INDIVIDUAL - Undergraduate Program- 1st Level GROUP – Master’s Program- 2nd Level ORGANIZATION – Doctoral Program- 3rd Level

B.

INTERDISCIPLINARY MODEL
• • • • Human behavior in organization is inter and multi disciplinary. Various theories and concepts from other disciplines are integrated to contribute to its better understanding. Various Sciences that contribute to the understanding of Human Behavior. Shows the behavioral sciences that contribute insights into the study of human behavior at three levels as depicted by Galileo S. Fule. Although it is difficult to dichotomize the impact at the individual, group, and organization levels , stress and focus are greatest at each level as pointed out. a) • • b) • Individual Level – Psychology - (knowledge of Perception), Motivation, Learning. Personality,

Physiology/ Anatomy – gives information/principles on the body how it works. Group Level – Sociology – offers insights into roles, norms, authority, power, influence, status . (i.e. social work, education) Organization Level -

c)

Motivation. which he. Borrowings. FACILITIES – Land. himself has created. Tasks. Roles. equipment.com C. and self. Learning. knowhow.• Anthropology – culture and artifacts are main contribution in the study behavior in the organization.realization through proper maintenance. . Buildings. supplies. These six components in turn.e economics. • • • • • • • PHILOSOPHY – Mission. medicine) allandg_18@yahoo. competency. STRUCTURE – Organization chart. DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL • People grow and move on to higher levels of resourcefulness. creativity.law. • • • • D. Keith and Davis call this “Human Resources” (supportive) Approach. VALUES – Needs. business. Motivation. TECHNOLOGY – Processes. Goals. Significant components of an Organization. Work ethic. FUNDS – Equity.( i. Responsibilities. recognition and development programs. affect the individual who alters his behavior in a context. (knowledge of Perception). Objectives and Aims. These basic and potent needs are recognized and fulfilled by the organization which considers them as “the central resource in any organization and any society”. SYSTEMS MODEL • A social system is a complex and dynamic set of relationships among its actors interacting with one another. Loans. Personality. a) PEOPLE – are the main crux and heart of the organization.

allandg_18@yahoo. The systems posits that these parts are interdependent and interrelated with each other. the organization is viewed as an open system with internal and external factors impinging on its subsystems making it very fluid.com OPEN SOCIAL SYSTEMS MODEL COMMUNITY AND ENVIRONMENT STRATE GIC SUBSYST EM ADMINIST RATIVE SUBSYSTE M OPERATI NG SUBSYST EM ORGANIZATION . dynamic and complex. tenous.• • • An organization is a social system consisting of various parts at its subsystems. As illustrated by Fule.

allandg_18@yahoo. . The approach to use therefore is contingent on variables prevailing particularly where problems are highly people-related.com SYSTEM AFFECTED BY FACTORS IN THE PRODUCTION PROCESS INPUTS GOALS FUNDS PEOPLE MATERIALS TIME INFORMATION PROCESS Transformation process Technology Leadership Communication Power Authority Conflicts Relationships Interaction Influence OUTPUT Goods Services Individual energy Motivation Information Put in various quantity and quality. Measured and evaluated in quantity and quality. Every problem must be studied and analyzed in light of complex factors that may be highly interrelated with each other. CONTINGENCY MODEL • • • The varied factors in each problematic situation may constitute a unique condition.E.

com . RN allandg_18@yahoo.PO3 ALLAN T DE GUZMAN.

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