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Nataraja Chidambaram He is realizable and worship-worthy for the world. He wears the crescent moon and Ganga on his matted hair. Having the form of splendor, He dances in Ambalam
(Chidambaram). Let us adore and worship His Lotus feet adorned with anklets. --Verse 1.
Siva is the Primordial Being, the middle and the incomprehensible limitless Principle beyond the beyond. He is Effulgence and Supreme knowledge. He is the Origin of all. He is the One pervading all. He is the male and the female. He abides and dances in Thillai (Chidambaram). Praise to His sacred Feet. --Verse 350.
He is splendor beyond imagination (beyond the apprehension of the senses). He is of the form of compassion. He is of wondrous appearance. He is the essence of Vedas. He abides as Ether Consciousness and in Tiruchitrambalam (Chidambaram). I praise the sacred Lotus feet of Him who performs the most beautiful dance. Verse 351.
Chidambaram = Cit + Ambaram = Consciousness + Ether, sky, or atmosphere = Ether Consciousness: this is the Sanskrit version. Chidambaram = Cit + Ambalam = Consciousness + Hall = Hall of Consciousness: this is the Tamil version. Nataraja: Nata + Raja = Dance + King = King of Dance. Ambalavaanan: Ambala + Vaanan = Hall + Resident = Resident of the Hall = Siva as the presiding deity at the shrine in Chidambaram.
I was blessed to have been a resident of Chidambaram in the 1950s for two years when I was a student in Annamalai University. I visited the temple many times not really knowing the greatness of Lord Nataraja. But who does really know him? .
This link takes you on a movie-tour of the Chidambaram temple with English titles .
Puram = Hrdya = heart. lotus of the heart. Sundarar. the five structures represent the five faces of Siva.http://www. Lotus Town. Other names for Chidambaram and the Nataraja temple are as follows: Name Explanation Name 4:Chitrambalam Explanation Hall of Consciousness Name 7:Koyil Explanation (The)Temple 1:Puliyur Tiger Town 2:Vyaghrapuram Tiger Town 5:Pundarīkapuram* 3:Perumbarapuliyur Great Ether Tiger Town 6:Hridyakamalam Purndarikam* = (White) Lotus Tiger.youtube. The gates are the entry points in the towers or gopurams. Four Saiva Saints (Appar. Sundarar at the North Gate and Mannikkavacakar at the East Gate. Excoecaria agallocha 10:Tillai .com/watch?v=uW-qrBQABD0 Chidambaram is a temple town of great antiquity going back to early Christian era. Tiger lotus. Together with domed Chit Sabha. Periyapuranam was composed in the thousand-pillared hall. Today Sambandar stands (as a stucco statue) at the South Gate. Kamalam = Town. Sankara visited the town and temple. Appar at the West Gate. Town 9:Ponnambalam (pon = gold) Golden Hall Tree. Sambandar and Manikkavacakar) worshipped at the temple.
Ananadanataraja Deekshidar of Annamalai University (my almamater) mentions a few other names for Chidambaram: Booloka Kailas (Kailas on earth) Jnana-akasa (Akasa = space. Patanjali. Nandi. his bull mount in the bottom center. and some for Sthalam (place).Prof. Vishnu-Govindaraja on his snake bed to his right. (Tanjore painting) . the famous expounder of Kundalini Yoga to the Bull's immediate left. He further states. Chidambaram is famous in all three: the Nataraja as Moorthy. "Some temples are famous for Moorthi (Idol). be brilliant Nataraja with consort Sivakami to his left. Vyaghrapada (Tigerfoot) to the immediate right of Nandi." akasa space. Sivaganga as Thirtham and Chidambaram as Sthalam. spiritual ether jnana = wisdom). some for Thirtham (water). ether from a-kas to shine. Apasmara Purusa-Muyalakan under the Lord's foot.
The western gateway symbolises the place of the friend. Situated on the proper left side of the Nataraja this gopuram invoked the feeling of love. Siva faces the South Gopuram with two flapping flags at the summit. It was the child-saint-poet Jnanasambandar who related himself to the Lord and goddess as a child and son and entered the temple through the south gateway.E. tenderness and softness to His beloved. It is also called the Sthulalinga. Through this gateway entered saint Sundaramurti. the images within the temple being the minor forms that take their . South Gopura was completed before 1272 C. This sentiment is mirrored in Manikavasakar‘s compositions. The east gateway is Tat Purusha.Saint Manikavasakar entered the temple through the east gateway. or Totality of the Form of God. Saint Tiruvanukarasar entered through this gate. Through the south gateway the soul approaches the Lord directly. This is the place of the slave. or the Lord Himself. and we find this sentiment and attitude throughout his work. One who enters the temple through the north gateway follows the Lord from behind. as only a child can do. on the Lord‘s right-hand side.
worshipped two Svayambhuva Lingas. SIVAHEIRARCHY.12 Read myths as newspaper reports by reporters who were there and it doesn't work. which is in line with Chit Sabha. The gods including Brahma and Vishnu came to Chidambaram to witness the Ananda Tandavam and set up Lingas in their own names for worship by the Sivaganga tank. who is only Isvara. Ethereal form is invisible. the Chief Attendant of Siva with bull face. Five layers of security were put in place for the temple and the city by Nandikesvara. His guards (Paritam) are in charge of the Chit Sabha security. Reread them as poems and they become luminous. When the gods go in procession. The temple town is known as Tillai after the forest shrub (excoecaria Agallocha). one under a Banyan tree and the second near a Lotus Tank in Tillai. Lingam is ontologically superior to Nataraja. and their connections Entity Annamaya Pranamaya Manomaya Vijnanamaya Kosa Kosa Kosa Kosa Vital Air Sheath & Mind Food Knowledge Sheath Sheath Sheath Ether Raja Deva Nrtta Kanaka Sabha Anandamaya Kosa Bliss Sheath Chit Sabha Sheaths Halls . Pisacas in charge of the 3rd Prakaram Kali. Vyagharapada. read Joseph Campbell making a perceptive remark on myths in his book Myths of Light on page 9. but use an alternate entrance at its side in deference to the greatness of Lingam.E. Nandikesvara. their origin. you must not take the terms concretely that's the mistake of the whole JudeoChristian tradition. asymmetrically placed except the South Gopura. and stern and angry Kulis in charge of the next prakaram and Bhairavas in charge of what is beyond. Sthulalinga = Sthula + Linga = Gross material + Linga or Linga in material form. He is also the Gurunatha of all the Munis including Upamanyu. The Lord dances in Bliss Sheath. or manifest Brahman. while material form pleases the eyes and makes an imprint on the mind. the above entities are invisible and mythical. depicting Kundalini Chakras and Saiva Siddhanta philosophy (Kundalini Power Primer in Saiva Siddhanta) It must be emphasized that the temple Gopuras are on the side of a rectangular perimeter. Son of ascetic Madhyandina Rishi of Ganga River-fame. is responsible for the security of the temple and the premises.powers from the greater source. they are not carried through the main entrance itself. The Halls and Chakras correspond to the sheaths as depicted in the table. which represent the kosas or sheaths. (Svyambhuva Linga = natural outcropping of obelisk. Kosas. West and East Gopuras are believed to have been completed by 1250 C.E. If you do not believe in mythical beings. The four Gopuras are four Vedas the house is effulgent with five walls and five Halls. having the shape of Lingam). it became a Lingam and a Tirtham (place of pilgrimage). Bhutas in charge of the 2nd Prakaram or courtyard. As soon as you start talking about mythology. It is said that the temple was built around 7th Century C. It is also said that wherever Ganga water fell from the head of Siva.
E. Saiva view is expressed by a real-life sage-poet. trample and defile. Tigerfoot married the daughter of Rishi Vasistha who gave him a son. feet. in whose nectar they did not drown. Upamanyu. Ardha Mandapam for good reason also houses Vyaghra-Pada (Tiger Foot) and Patanjali. Chidambaram also goes by the name of Puliyur (Tiger Town) to honor Vyaghra-Pada (Tiger Foot). This is especially true in the portrayal of mother Goddess by Saktas. Sheath. For details and explanation of Alinga. . Svayambhuva Lingam is the Form-Formless (Rupa-Arupa) representation of Siva. Gargbhagraham = Garbham + Graham = Womb + House or habitat = Inner Sanctuary or Sanctum. Umapati Sivacharya (around 1300 C. Students of Hinduism regard the Sanctum Sanctorum as the Womb of the universe and the passage that exits from the Sanctum is analogous to birth passage. Water and Anahata Fire. Ardha + Mandapam = Half + Hall attached to Gargbhagraham (inner Sanctum). and Ajna Lower Visuddha Chakra three Chakras Chakras Nada and Sahasrara Bindu Chakras Chakra Prakaram 3rd 2nd 2nd Inner Inner Courtyard. Tamil Nadu. The whole universe proceeds from the Womb and passage. and Lingalinga. Puli (Tamil) = Vyaghra (Sanskrit) = Tiger. A devotee wanted to offer to Siva-Lingam Vilva leaves and flowers which bees did not visit. Sheath. and eyes of a tiger so that he could climb the trees like a tiger very early in the morning before swarm of bees came to the flowers. and gather flowers untouched by bees. go to The Red Mountain. Sheath. Linga. Bliss. claws. he prayed for and obtained from Siva. Tigerfoot also had eyes on the paw so not to miss any pluck-worthy flowers. Prakaram Prakaram Prakaram Prakaram Prakaram Walkway Brahma Vishnu Rudra Sadasiva Mahesa shines Saiva shines in shines in shines in shines in the in the sheath of View Food Breath the Mind sheath of Consciousness. expounder of Saivism. The nature-born svayambhuva Lingam along with Uma-Parvati is housed in Mulasthana (Root Place) within the temple complex with Ardha Mandapam in front of Mulasthana.) in Chidambaram.Origin Sabha Sabha Sabha Earth. whose nectar they did not imbibe. The devotee was called Tigerfoot (Vyaghra-pada).
one mouth. Nine stupas represent nine apertures: two nostrils. two ears. Air. Fire. The temple has five prakaras (walkways cum courtyards) concentric in its configuration representing five Mahabhutas (Great elements-. The temple is a breathing and living representation of Purusa with a heart and circulation and nine gates (nine apertures of the body). The 21. two eyes. Earth and Ether. anthropomorphic form of Siva. .Chidambaram is the heart of the Virat Purusa.600 gold tiles represent 21600 respirations in a 24-hour period.Water. one anus and one genital aperture. The innermost prakaram is under the Golden Roof accessible only to the priests.
The Rishis of Tillai were an arrogant bunch. பிச்சாடனன் = piccāṭaṉaṉ = Beggar = Siva in the guise of a Beggar. The word Śiva is given another interpretation. This was the conception from which the purāṇa writers developed the Aṣtamūrti conception of Śiva. Shastri. two opposite principles of Prāṇa and Apāna (heat and cold represented by the sun and the moon) and the principle of mind (मनस) which is the eighth. Mahādeva and Iśāna. Bhava. the Gods of the universe hatched a plan to teach them a lesson. Mohanlal Banarsidass pub.75-77 75-77. Prajāpati asked the reason and being informed that the child wanted a name. The letter "i" means Puruṣa (the primordial male energy). (Śiva Vaśī) just as Siṁha signifies the creature who attacks other animals and whom other animals cannot attack ( Siṁha = Hiṁsa). clever. and earth. Book one C18. which gave them a lapse in memory of their origin from Isvara. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The eight forms of Siva : "When the life-principle became manifest it had no name. Aśani. intoxicated with self-importance because of facade of scholastic erudition and distinction. The devotee shall likewise make his own soul a harmonious whole and worship Śiva. the syllable "Va" means Sakti (the primordial female energy). Paśupati. air. first gave him the name Rūdra. A harmonious compound of these syllables is Śiva. Śiva Purāna. water. then Śarva. The Rishis also felt that they can control gods by Mantras. cupidinous and transcendent) physical and mental pose of a mendicant-beggar. as usual. assumed the physical and mental attributes of Mohini of incomparable divine beauty. The word Śiva signifies him who controls everything and whom none can control. The story goes like this: Siva fell back to his old usual (cunning. Ś means Permanent Bliss. which he had done previously to fool the dasypygal . Vishnu.Siva Purana translation by Prof. Siva and Vishnu. so it cried. Ugra. The fact is that the eight forms of Siva symbolize the five gross material elements (ether. fire. magic and rituals. The syllable.
some sang and danced for joy. Some were out of cooked rice and brought grains of rice in their lotus-like palms where the fire of love and passion cooked the rice. their garlands. deer. His head was like a bud on vine of his neck. They were without self-awareness arranging their tresses. welled up and brimmed over from the heart. The drops of hot sweat on his cosmic forehead reflected the moon on his crest. One Rishipatni said. I pine. as Mohini. What have you done to me?" One woman held Siva back from going on his way. the girdles. I waste. Some women were cocksure that he was a lover from their past. as they were looking at his lotus face. the women were receiving a million suggestive glances. Siva was of a handsome physique. dalliance of his brilliant eyes cast a spell and delusion on the world of beings. Beat of the drum. "Do what you want. "Please don't go anywhere. The radiance of his smile invited sweet words from the Rishipatnis who openly asked for divine pleasure of embracing him. where you want. when you want. He was of coral color and moved like a coral mountain. Passion sprang. if you please. Holy fragrant ash and sacred thread adorned his body. look at my bangles. As Siva held his begging bowl. as they gave alms to mendicant Siva. "Why are you in a hurry? You just came for alms. joyous face and petal-soft smile of Siva drew the women out of their hermitages. guard. He was decked out in the best of jewels of Suras and Asuras (gods and demons). Jeweled sandals graced his feet. and their jewels against him. Your departure is like a setting sun leaving us in darkness. and shawls dropped from their perches. cooked up some magic to inflict punishment on the duo and decided to raise a sacrificial fire from which they produced tiger. Come to my house. I have plenty of alms. Vishnu stood there by Siva's side like an unchaste woman in the eyes of Rishis who were intently looking at Mohini. I see you. The consorts of Rishis (Rishipatnis) fell head over heels in love with the couple. God of love. They walked beside him. I drink the nectar of your beauty and grace. serpent and dwarf Asura one after another and dispatched them one at a time to attack mendicant Siva. jingle of the anklets. axe. some were hugging close to him some pressed their tresses. it kindles fire in my forlorn heart. A few had the courage to ask Siva. A bhuta (attendant) was by his side with a pot of ash for the Lord's use on demand. they held their firm breasts to lead him to their hermitage. his petal lips parted with a blossom of a smile. The bees graced his wavy locks in serpentine rows. made a spectacle of their womanly wiles in front of the trident-bearing Siva who laughed long and hard. We will go with you where you take us. Immediately they put their heads together. Take us to another forest. the Lord of the . Siva. Mantras. I wither. was as much radiant as Siva. mind and soul of the Rishipatnis. the place of blissfully married Rishis. Both of them headed for Daruka forest. Make my heart's wish come true. a white dhoti (a wrap around the waist) shone as the sun dazzled on it. having thus been deluded and deceived by the Maya of Siva. and fussing with flowers. The Rishipatnis. anywhere is home with you around. Some thought that Kama. they drop off on their own. made his appearance without his consort Rati. sprinkled the ground with petals and flowers.Daityas and deprive them of Ambrosia. The Rishis did not like it one bit and grew angry with the mendicant and Mohini for upsetting the status quo and becoming the cynosure of Rishipatnis. here on the ground." Some danced. globe of fire. They in utter confusion put their alms on the ground thinking it was the bowl. he was like a centripetal magnet for women. Some poured forth their heart. Vishnu. He brandished a white skull-bowl on his left hand and a drum on his right. His eyes were radiant like the rising moon.
Some were running here and there aimlessly in utter preoccupation of their minds. globe of fire. which should be overcome and sublimated before one can approach Siva. To attract His attention. axe. Siva's consort died of internal combustion from excessive heat generated by Tapas because Daksha in his ignorance did not invite Siva and Sati for the celebrated Yagna. having taught a lesson to the Rishis. the Supreme Ruler. who saw the wandering naked Siva and wondered aloud among themselves with comments like: "Only that lady is blessed who can freely and confidently embrace all the organs of the noble-souled sage. There are several reasons for this. the Yogin of Yogis." Their eyes blossomed out wide following every movement of the new sage. and foolish and sent a ball of fire to Siva in their vain attempt to incinerate him. they would not have flaunted their yogic powers wantonly and vainly on mendicant Siva. Siva caught the ball of fire with his left hand and held it aloft for all of them to see. left the Daruka forest. You know now what happened to them. He cast the carcass at the feet of the Rishis. the Supreme Master of Yogic feats. With all these mental tumult of the Rishipatnis. The above piece is an extract from Chidambara Mahatmya. as told to Sesa by Lord Vishnu. they became angrier. their fiery anger and pride were burning inside. Siva ran to . hatred. deer. bounced him like a ball with his foot and pressed him down under his right foot. That should have taught a lesson to the vain Rishis who gained supermundane yogic feats and powers through Tapas. Sati. They raised a serpent and sent it hissing to Siva. The Sages seeing their wives ogling Siva were raging with anger. Siva just caught hold of the snake and wore it like a Mala (garland) around his neck. which happened immediately. The ferocious tiger jumped out of the sacrificial fire and pounced on Siva on all its paws and claws with intent to sink its teeth into the jugulars of Siva in a wink and trice. adamant. Siva lost all interest and wandered into the forest naked in the land of Anarta (present Northern Gujarat) with a skull as the begging bowl. Siva dwarfed the Titan by his yogic power. they employed all feminine ingenious ways to catch His attention: Some wore collyrium only on one eye. Siva sits on the tiger skin and meditates. The tiger head attached to the skin with staring eyes represents an alive ego. The Rishis would not give up. The Rishis came to realization that they were witnessing Siva and Vishnu and immediately begged for forgiveness. Mantras. There is another version in Skanda Purana as to how the Lingam came to be worshipped by gods and men. Another version of the episode tells that the hispid Rishis (with angry erectile hairs = horripilation) were fuming and frothing in their mouths and sent tiger. They ignored their children. They did not yet run out of their facile and yet futile tricks. gag and feint of reckless Rishis. was amused with the puerile antics and every trick. they raised an Asura-Titan (Apasmara Muyalakan). Still the Rishis were clueless as to the identity of the handsome visitors. They cursed Siva so that his penis will fall on the ground. short on memory and long on brawn. and sent him to Siva. once Sati died. greed and hunger. With the skinned dead tiger at their feet. That forest was chockfull of Sages and their wives.Universe. Siva and Vishnu. The Rishis failed to notice the blue throat of Siva because he disguised himself as a mendicant. If they only noticed it. Siva was walking up and down the walkways seeking alms. Siva performed Ananda Tandava (Dance of Divine Bliss) for them. he caught the tiger by its belly and peeled the skin of living tiger with nail of little finger with surgical precision and wore it on his waist. Short on memory = forgetfulness of soul of its origin from Isvara (Siva). serpent and dwarf Asura all at once to attack Siva. Some knotted only one side of their tresses.
. The moon that he wears on his crest shines his handsome face and the ground. Between beggings. The Yogin of yogins loves to beg for food with a saunter. The ash smeared on his body and the russet matted locks fly all around him as he spins. Adisesha descended to earth as Patanjali.the nearest cave and hid himself in a fetal position. a protective hood with five snake heads. why beg? Begging is atonement for cutting one of the five heads of Brahma who told a blatant lie that he found the upper end of Fiery Lingam. He wears barks for clothes and begs the snake to shed its skin for his use. (In the temple Gopuras. and climbs up a conduit leading to Chidambaram. Patanjali is depicted in East gopuram as having a head. which was said to sit on the top of a mythological mountain. takes a composite chimeric form (Patanjali. his swagger and jaunt are telling and unmistakable. He loves playing Vina. Why does he beg? He owns this cosmos. his smile. Patanjali is famous as the author of his namesake Sastra. and hands of a human. the smell of sandal paste on his body is telling. With Vishnu's permission and offering prayers to Siva. It appears that Adisesha (Patanjali) did not really give up his serpentine body but assumed a form of upper half man and lower half snake (Composite Chimera: part man. Sometimes he wears elephant skin. Patanjali Sastra. His music and songs are enchanting and the women are beside themselves as they witness his dance. Having jackals as his audience. upper torso. the son of Anasuya and Atri. The mountain tops came tumbling down. when he discards his reeking bowl. He looked at the trembling gods and human beings and by divine vision he saw the cause of this misfortune. the serpent (bed of Vishnu). interludes are spent in dancing with fire. and by celestial grapevine and very much wished to see the Dance. and his handsome frame and listen to the music. burrows into the subterranean region of Nagas (snakes). He begs from the wives of Rishis as he makes his way from Daruka forest to Varnasi [Benares] to obtain absolution. Sometimes he is accompanied by Munis and his Spouse. sometimes silk on his waist. carrying his skull-bowl which reeks of rotting food inviting the hawks to take a swoop for a plunder. which deals with Kundalini Yoga. and a trudge as day goes by. he stages his dance in the burning ground. The gods were struck with fear. This universe is his. The earth shakes and the palmyra fruits fall to the ground. and the expounder of Kundalini Yoga. and from the shoulder up. the oceans rose. from the navel down a body of snake with tail hanging in front. part snake in this instance). see below the half serpent and half man image). Another story goes like this: Sesa left his son in charge of his portfolio. ) Adisesha. and meteors came shooting down. Vishnu and the gods came running to four-faced Brahma of Great Erudition and Mantras and eulogized and gave Him an earful of complaints. Siva is carved in stone as a beggar. heard about the Ananda Tandavam from Vishnu. The fall of the penis had dire consequences.
you heard about Centaurs. which spoke . having become concerned and distressed by the impending danger to the Cosmic Egg performed the Tandava Dance of misery.33.ii.21-22 identifies Lord Siva-Nataraja as Srikantha who swallowed and retained the Halahala poison which was destructive to the Cosmic Egg. Siva-Nataraja.com Skanda Purana I.Patanjali: credit: exoticindia. part horse and part man living in the mountains of Thessaly and Arcadia. They were the draft animals for the chariot of wine god Dionysus driven by Eros. The Centaurs were driven by animal passion. the god of love. In Greek mythology.
wielder of thunderbolt. Zeus. He and Vyaghra-pada set up their hermitages at Tillai in Chidambaram. and became a wise physician. consists of a winged staff with intertwined serpents. Some sources say that she and her minions terrorized the neighboring villages and towns.of their proneness to inebriation and debauchery. Some Greek mythologists are of the opinion that the centaurs were the creation of imagination. Patanjali = Pata + Anjali = fall + apposed palms in salutation. They invited Kalika Devi for pas de deux (actually it was a Dance contest) in the presence of devotees and it was decided that the winner would be the ruler of Tillai. Siva's right ear ring fell on the dance floor and in a fluid movement of Dance. sporting a long cloak. truth and healing) and nymph Coronis. Temples were built for Asclepius and people slept in the temple premises in the hope that Asclepius would heal them in their dreams. Kali just moved into the forest of Tillai after defeating and killing Sumbha and Nisumbha. Asclepius is portrayed as a bare. the king of gods. "the god of roads. They used tree limbs as weapons. Note some commonality between Zeus and Indra. and theft. and a staff with a serpent coiled around it. son of Apollo (god of prophesy. Caduceus.and broad-chested muscular physician. Chiron taught medicine to Asclepius. One of the Centaurs. cunning. Siva decided to give them Darsan (live appearance). In his famous dance at Nritta Sabha (Dance Hall). the resident goddess would not permit that to happen. Chiron. but Kalika Devi. invention. living in the mountains and forests. equal to Indra. broke the mold of his race. Another version of this depicts Kali and her companions were disrupting worship of Siva in the pine forest of Tillai. and Asclepius and Danvantri. Centaur was man from waist up. obtained from Milk Ocean. The devotees submit a complaint to Siva against Kali." It is hoped that the physicians are aware of what their symbol stands for. afraid that Asclepius (Danvantri of Hindu mythology) would confer immortality to all men (Ambrosia-Amrta of Hindu mythology) sent a thunderbolt to Asclepius and killed him. commerce. and is the magical wand of Hermes or Mercury. Danvantri took charge of Ambrosia. and horse (animal) from waist down and backwards. a superficial variation of the authentic icon of medicine. the chief of gods. Siva and Parvati decided that Kalika (Kali) Devi had no right to inflict her unfair will on others. he picked it up with his right foot and appended it . which does not speak well of them. Centaur is a composite of a human being in the front and of a body and legs of a horse. nectar of immortality.
There had been amity between Siva and Vishnu all along Siva declared many times that He and Vishnu are one and the same.com). when Vishnu was in the form and incarnation of Turtle.on his right ear by carrying the right foot to the earlobe in balletic feat and grace and no one noticed it at all. the fire for destruction. jumping. Tandavam: Leaping. abhaya stance for maintenance. Urdh-tandavamurti sculptures are seen in south. There is a Kali temple about a mile north east of Nataraja Temple. maintenance. Tāndu: leap or jump. In Nrtta Sabha. which involves the straight-line raising of the foot above the head in balletic grace. But there have been a few fatal encounters with Siva. and Narasimha. Siva became the god of Tillai. The drum stands for creation. That dance was Urdhva Tandavam (High Dance) (inset: credit exoticindia. This dance took place in Nrtta Sabha (built by Kulottunga III ) of Chidambaram and Ruby hall (Rathna Sabha) in Tiruvalangadu. there is a bronze of Kali and Siva doing the dance of Urdhatandava. It is suspected that this balletic move exposed his genitalia for public view. . Anandatandavam (Leaping for Joy Dance): Ecstatic dance of Siva. (West and East Gopura depict Urdhtandavamurti raising his right foot well above his crown.) Kali (Bhadrakali) being a goddess would not perform such balletic move of raising the foot to the earlobe because it would mean an immodest move by a woman in the dance . There is also a Sarabha shrine in Nrtta Sabha. an image of Kali keeps company with Urdha-tandava Siva. where Kali sports four heads. this is the king of birds (Sarabha-Siva) that killed Man-lion Narasimha close to Urdhatandava and Kali. Vishnu had been defeated by Siva a few times: Boar and Vamana. Thus. the left foot standing on Pasmarapurusa for obscuration and the raised right foot for Anugraha or revealing Grace. obscuration and grace. west and east gopura in Chidambaram. as exhibited in the shrine at Chidambaram. This dance of Lord Nataraja is the dance of creation. representing four Vedas. You can see the earring hanging from the big toe of the right foot. sublation.
Para Sakti is in charge of all five functions of the Lord: creation. shows her the golden peak of Kedara. destruction. He performed his Cosmic Dance in the hall of Consciousness (Chit Sabha. Pure/Impure. is the high heel with the sole and the back of the knee. You sport with them all night long and have the audacity to show up here in the morning. Muni Tandavam6. maintenance. When he brings the leg down there is a spontaneous reduction of dislocation in a fluid movement. functions. a maniacal uncontrollable desire to dance precipitated allegedly by the bite of Tarantula. no one wants me. His dance was captured in a bronze idol of Nataraja in Chidambaram. the individual life-souls. Sandhya Tandavam2. and divine duties. The Lord performed Anandatandava for the first time in Daruka forest after Amsa (part manifestation) of Parvati killed a demon in the forest. Sivakamasundari standing beside him is Iccha Sakti. saying "You don't need me. Lord Nataraja's sky-high forward and later sideways movement involves medio-lateral rotation of the head of the femur to a complete range of 180° in its socket and later a medial and inferior dislocation of the femoral head out of the socket when the right leg is held up. The assembled devotees begged Siva to stay in Tillai and continue performing his Dance. Nataraja = King of Dance.(You heard about and might have seen Radio City Music Hall Rockettes perform eye-high kick which is anatomically a straight-leg movement forwards and upwards without dislocating the head of the femur from the socket. devotees and Sivakamasundari. Siva Nataraja performs a wide repertoire of dances of which seven are the most important: Ananda Tandavam1. and Impure Tattvas. Kasi (Benares or Varnasi). veiling and grace She creates out of Maya.) Lord Nataraja performed Ananda Tandavam in a Sabha (Hall) for Tiger Foot (Vyaghra-pada). As it is obvious. Lord of Dance. Three consorts of Siva representing three Saktis create problems for Siva in the mind of the poet." The Lord of Dance appeased her. he has one consort with different names. Svetaranya. Gauri Tandavam3. . manifestations. Vedaranya and comes back to Chidambaram. Sivakamasundari in Chit Sabha standing beside him expresses jealousy and rancor because Siva dared to come to her in the morning to Chit Sabha. Jnana Sakti is the knowledge that reposes in him and creates this world because Iccha Sakti by itself is not executory. Jnana Sakti and Kriya Sakti) worship at the feet of the Lord of Dance in Chit Sabha. Kali Tandavam5 (Urdhva Tandavam). consort of Siva Nataraja. he creates this world with that purpose in mind. the main shrine or Chitrambalam) with his left foot raised. Kanchipuram. the patella (knee cap) and the dorsum of the foot (instead of the sole) are facing the spectator. maintenance. bring them back and offer refuge at his feet. his home base. veiling and grace (Pancha Krityas. Every now and then. the Tattvas: Pure. The daughter of Mountain expresses her vexation. He is the Lord of Tandava and not Tarantism. five acts of Siva). what you see when the leg is up. and Samhara Tandavam7. Kriya Sakti is creation itself. Tripura Tandavam4. Arunagiri. Rishis. Jnana and Kriya Saktis. the Saktis are his consorts. Siva takes Parvati on an aerial ride on his mount Nandi through length and breadth of India. Patanjali. Go back to the riverside to cohabit with my companions. Sivakamasundari in a separate temple is Jnana Saksti Durga in a separate temple serves as Kriya Sakti. it is quite a feat. It is the Dance of creation. dissolution. He willed (Iccha Sakti) to alleviate the suffering of Jivas. Three Saktis (Iccha Sakti. after spending the night with Jnana and Kriya Saktis. save. All dances are performed by the Lord to please Uma-Parvati.
The Lord with five . See TATTVAS-36 for details. by his dance. 33 gods. eight Siva states. Time. Vidyadharas. all the worlds. Vidyadharas. north. Panchakrityam (five functions. Amaras. and eight suddhies. He dances in five Saktis. Sivananda Dance: The Lord performs this dance with Sakti in the vast endless space beyond the Sun Mandala. South (Right) Aghora Destruction and regeneration East (front) Tatpurusa Supreme Spirit North (left) Vamadeva Healing and sustenance West (back) Sadyojata Creation Skyward Isana Grace Siva also has a hidden sixth face (Tamasa face) which has the color of Nilakanta (blue throat) caused by poison Kalakuta from the Ocean of Milk. he delights the Jivas and Saktis. Kaalakuuta / kalakuta = Ambassador or emissary of Death. world and universe. Go to Kundalini Power for more details. both mobile and immobile. the consort of Siva. and skyward. and Apsaras. five gross elements. At the feet of dancing Siva lie seven clouds. Lord Siva. He dances all through the cosmos. singer Lakshmi. He is also known as Shitikantha (peacock-throated). He dances in Jnana and Yoga. east. Mridangam-playing Vishnu. Holy Men and devotees have not seen this dance. Siddhas. eight siddhis. Vedas and Agamas. Veiling and Grace) unfolds as he dances. once he enters this Nadi. and iron burnt by Siva. the sphere of the sun which stands for one of his Saktis. Sustenance. He dances in Chit Sabha that is the heart of the temple-town. the Trinity. Mukti (liberation). Rishis. Sundara Dance (Beauty Dance): The dark-blue-throated Lord performed this dance for his consort Uma in the arena beyond the seven universes. Sandhya Tandavam: The main guest for this dance performed at Kailash is Gauri. Destruction. flute-playing Indra. He created during this dance five elements. he dances in the thoughts of his devotees. Verses 2724 to 2803 describe these dances in detail. The Supreme Siddha. and Cymbal-playing Brahma. Mular says that Devas. Creation. Tillai (Chidambaram) and Alavanam are the other places he performed this dance. Yoga. and worlds of Bhoga (enjoyment). the Lord of Dance destroyed the challenging Rishis. In the forest of Devadaru. Jnana.Tripuram: The aerial cities of gold. Golden Tillai Dance. Other invited participants are Veena-playing Sarasvati. Patagas. danced in five Suddha Tattvas. Asuras. seven bodies. Siddhas. Uragas. Sages. Golden Dance. the worlds come into existence and at the end of the dance. seven Sivasuns. silver. and Wondrous Dance. At the beginning of the dance. The invited guests are the Gandharvas. seven universes. eight muktis. five forms of Siva. he dances in the forests. Yakshas. nation. Humans. Sundara Dance. they come to an end. seven appetites. and all creation. Tirumular mentions the five dances of Siva in verse 2723: Sivananda Dance. west. seven Santis (appeasement). he never leaves. He also dances in Susumna Nadi. seven Rishis. He dances nine dances for nine Saktis. seven oceans. passions and thirsts. Gita (melody). Golden Hall Dance: Five faces adorn Siva facing south. danced along with Nataraja. and Nada Sakti are the fellow participants in this Dance of knowledge and Bliss.
His supreme sacred feet danced with his other half. Sakti. Mular says that he sat still like a picture under the influence of Siva as he danced the Dance of Jnana.faces dances in five elements under three conditions: Formless (Arupa). he danced the moon on his crest. His original and intrinsic state is one of formlessness (Arupa) which is called Sivam. Sadasiva. wind. sob. Nadanta exists in Svadhisthana. . navel. in sacred temples. Nada exists in Anahata or heart plane. he danced the dance of Nadanta in union with Nada. His act of love for the souls manifests in a form. where Siva and Sakti transform from pure Consciousness and Supreme Power and tone down to Suddha Tattvas. Sunya or black hole.) Para Sound (Para Sabda) stays unmanifested in Kundali Sakti according to Tantras. There are seven universes. the fire and the world are dead. Tatpara / Supreme Being) dances in the hearts of the Jivas--individual souls. Mandalas and beyond: Muladhara. the intermediate state between form and formlessness is Sadasiva. demons. The Lord dances with Kali. and Asuddha Tattvas of the material world. and the Nadis. Golden Tillai Dance: He dances on a stage made of five elements. Mahesvara is engaged in obscuration and Sadasiva confers Grace. Sacred Dance). senses gain reins on them. heart seeks and finds bliss. Those who witnessed the Golden hall Dance attain the feet of the Lord. Tarparan ( That Supreme. and Sahasrara. He dances in four states of Bliss: Nada. Form/formless (RupaArupa). the latter being the Void. world. Manipura. where the air. The primal Supreme Lord danced Fire in his hand. Prana (breath) finds its way up the Nadi in yoga. in Bodha (Pure Consciousness). He dances in all the Chakras. the Sakti. the First of the Suddha Tattvas and remains there in its most subtle state. feel fear. and with the three Gods and Minis. Nadanta Dance forms the basis for Saiva Siddhanta philosophy where tetralogy consisting of Siva. Svadhistahana. He is the Supreme Light that danced in ecstasy. and throat. he dances day in and day out in the temple. this is evolution. and where the beginnings of movement (Nada = Sound) and Light (Bindu) take place. danced in exhilaration and joy. Natana and Natananta (Sound. Nada. Such is the power of witnessing the Dance. Suddha-Asuddha Tattvas. The devotees lose control over their emotions. be-all and endall of Dance. thoughts become pure and steady. and Susumna. danced his sacred matted locks. edge of Sound (be-all and end-all of Sound. and Form (Rupa). Kundalini Sakti is the sacred dancing hall. Ajna. Desire and sorrow leave them. upon witnessing the dance. Mahesvara and Suddha Vidya Tattvas). Manipura. and Bindu play exclusive roll in the unfolding of the universe. with celestials. and sky. Sakti. (Para Sound or transcendental Sound (Nada Tattva) originates from Siva Tattva. Beyond Dance. dance. Tattvas-36. fire. Pingala. Nadanta. He dances in the spinal column (Axis Mundi or Stambha). Beyond Sound). Sadasiva reveals. He dances with Sakti. on the top of the Fire of Kundalini. He dances in Veda. (See file. 108 religions to show the path to God. What Mahesvara conceals. seven worlds are his abode. Nadanta Dance is a Dance in the void. and Visuddha Chakras at the level of pubis. Anahata. Involution is the inverse order where the Tattvas (building blocks) involute backwards into Nada and Nadanta. Sun and Moon Mandalas or spheres. having become the repository of all Tattvas in their subtle state. Fire. beyond the limits or edges of sound (be-all and end-all of sound). lose consciousness and fall in a faint. 21 worlds. When you consider Suddha Tattvas (Siva. where there is deafening silence. or silence dance and edge of Dance. where only Siva and Sakti exist. Ida. Mahesvara. for details on Tattvas. water.
There are Âdhāra centers in the body and NirÂdhāra centers are Sahasrara Chakra and above. seek them all in your heart. Creation is Sound and Light Show and therefore. This journey from Sahasrara chakra to the 12th point in space is Niradhara Yogam which is the state of the soul. Visuddhi. the foot movements are many. he is the sacred Guru. Nada is the first stamp on the coin and Bindu is the 2nd stamp. Mular says that Prana rises from inside the head 12 inches above the head to reach Dvâtasântam (Dvatasantam / dvadasanta). Vishnu. skull. and wearing moon and Ganga.Pasyanti or visual sound originates from Sakti Tattva (Kundali Sakti). Nada and Bindu are two sides of the same coin. when he dances in his form/formless entity. Reaching Dvadasanta Siva (Paraipara) in Jnana form is Bliss. Kundlini yoga is Adhara yogam. the songs are many. and Ajna each one presided by a deity. Parasakti and Parasiva." He dances in limitless vast spaces. ninth. and Apara Bindu. Beyond Ajna center. It is said that Siva merges with Uma and performs Wonder Dance. (Please note that there are several variants of the theme in different texts. Sahasrara Chakra and other centers are the Niradhara centers without any apparent support reaching it as a group is Niradhara yogam. Anahata. "I am the religion. he danced in ecstasy on all stages. drum. Sadasiva. Mahesvara. though they descend to bless his devotees. eleventh sthanas (posts). when it loses its selfconsciousness. presided respectively by Parabindu. Svadisthana. He is also Gurupara (Supreme Guru). which is the mystic center and where the Lord of Nadanta dances. I am the six ways to liberation. he dances on the stage of nine gems. As Prana radiates from your heart to your limbs and sense organs. Uma comes out of the body of Siva-Uma composite entity and later goes back to merge with him. Realization from the 8th to 12th is progressively deeper and the 12th is ultimate experience (ultima Thule). While the coin is minted. Dvādasāntham / Tvādasāntham (Tamil) .) Many other texts say that this center is 12 inches above the crown as opposed to the above description. the 2nd of the Suddha Tattvas. Dvadasanta. Adhara yogam is accomplished by Kundalini yogi who ascends all the six centers to reach the seventh Sahasrara center in the crown presided by Paranada where he unites with Siva. She is Uma dancing in form-formless state. Since Pasyanti sound is visual. the sounds of jingling anklets are many. he is the Red Ruby dancer. Niradhara = without support centers above the sixth Chakra. I chose Chidambaram temple in South to do the Dance Inimitable. you are freed from rebirth for ever. Bindu for Light. But Nada is recognized as the origin of Bindu. Sakti Tattva is also known as Bindu Tattva. Adhara = support. Jnana and Prana ascend beyond the seven centers and course through eighth. There are six Adhara Centers in the body: Muladhara. Manipura. Beyond these eleven centers is the 12th and furthest ultimate point of yogic journey (the Ultima Thule).) He declared. Paranada. rope. I am the Guru. fire. tenth. his effulgent dancing feet rise to heavens and reaches five-lettered Nada's point. spear. attains Sivahood and remains without any attachment. Dvadasanta. goad. Wonder Dance (Arbuda Dance): He dances in the form of Guru as he dances in formless form as Tiripurai. Brahma. The dances are very many. Siva dances before Uma holding beads. He is Sadasiva. Rudra.
demon Muyalakan is the darkness in the space. rainbow. they attained final beatitude (Gathi). if in earnest you look for him. he danced for the Jivas shrouded in Maya. Water and Fire Mandalas (spheres). Sâthavi (absolute goodness as sakti). He performs the Pândaranga dance at the end of dissolution of the universe. (Yoga. The Lord descended as the Supreme Light. The pipes are playing. The dance stage is his creation. and cosmic . The astral space between the eyebrows within the forehead is Chidambaram where he dances. he stands as redemption. Murugan (Shanmuga -six faces. the moon and the fire) danced the sixteen (the sixteen petals of Visuddha Chakra lotus) danced six loving faiths (Vaishnavas. The vastness of space is his body. the drums are reverberating with beats. oceanhugging continents. Devi. The tattvas danced. Sauras. He danced the Ananda Dance (Dance of Bliss). Ma. and Kundalini. the feet are dancing. the worshippers of Vishnu. stainless Bliss. Sambavi (Parvati.1. (Yoga. The Lord stands in five elements. Siva-Sakti danced. dancing. As tamarind elicits salivation. in the internal space. while he dances his eternal dance. A. the holy devotees of ocean-hugging world continents drank the dance of the sacred lotus feet of Siva with their eyes thus soaking in bliss. there you will find mantra OM. The dancer merges with Sakti. and five letters (Na-Ma-Si-Va-Ya). The Lord dances for those devoid of delusion and envy (mamaya). Si. Sun. his holy feet. He danced in the three pasas (bondages). wind. transcends human intelligence and is divine Bliss. he dances in our thought and heart. the eight directions are his flailing arms. the dance elicits tears of joy in the spectators. humming of Aum hymns pervades the air. Da. or Kartikeyan) danced Seven melodies (Sa.) A mystic centre which is believed to be 12 inches above crown 2. rises up and down. and Na. various life forms. his three eyes are Sun. Ananda = Ân + anta = No + limit = Bliss. Ma. Sadasiva danced. Saivas. The Lord and Sakti. if you focus your eyes. spreads in eight directions. he is of the form of Light and stays hidden in the body. he is Light itself.the Dance of dissolution. the Vedas danced. Ri. Pa. "That is the Lord. Moon and Fire. Ganapathy and Kaumara (Skanda. which is his Cosmic Body. formless. and Lingas these are the temples. and Ni) 28 rhythmic beats and the Love dance. many Tattvas. He dances on the seven stages of the vast universe. which took half of his body. Sadasiva. He danced in Chidambaram in his form. The astral flower and its four petals in Muladhara Chakra lights up the entire dance stage and blossoms into 100 petals and many universes in the vast space. The devas (celestials) near and far. and Ya became 360 rays (360 days). where the Lord performs his cosmic Dance. Va.) The 12th and last stage of experience of the soul in yoga practice Lightning. Ganapatyas and Kaumaras. When the creator dances. Kumaran. the dance of Mohanta (elimination of confusion of mind. Ga. mental darkness). sky and thunder arise in the external space. Lord Siva performs his Pandaranga dance . Siva. he is also the effulgent radiant rays of the six Chakras. Saktas. and pure Jnana the dancer merges with his consort in dance." so say the Ganas and Bhutas (attendants of Siva). There are seven crores (1 crore = 10 million) each of universes. Light of Bliss rises in the hearts. the created worlds dance with him. Siva). thoughts danced. nimbus clouds. the sun. which I (Mular) witnessed. and M. danced. you will find Dancing Siva there. U. The nine (six chakras. Pândaranga = Pânda + Ranga = Whiteness + dance Stage = Dance of Siva when he destroyed Tripura --in one of his eleven dances. Susumna Nadi. he dances in the space stage. as the Sakti of Sambhu. they melt in love of Lord of Dance. Tripurai is in flames. the Lord danced the Dance of Ananda.
3. His substance and seat are Tamasa Guna and thus he is Tamogunamaya (replete with Tamoguna). 6. 4. It is not an insult but a portrayal of his appearance. Nirukta (etymological interpretation). That is the portrayal of Ardhanarisvara. though He owns the whole universe. Kalpa (rituals and rules for ceremonial sacrifices). Siva danced . though He is One Unity. giving the appearance of having been stoned with bhang**. Siva is characterized as queer-eyed and dopey-looking. Jyothisa (astronomy). He is the Sadhaka of all Sadhakas. Bodhanta is the end of Bodha (knowledge. art. Nadanta is the end of Nada (Sound). Though he is the most wrathful. In this instance. and slanting from inside outwards. Siva is all sweetness in his form with innumerable gunas and yet He is the Immutable above Gunas (Niskalatattva = Tattva without parts or prakrti). drunk with milk or water as a fermented brew or smoked for its hallucinogenic effects. He is the Supreme Exponent of Vairagya and A-Kāma. Siva. 5. . He is easily appeased. Cannabis sativa. Chandas (prosody). Though seated on the throne of Tamasaguna. He is the Grantor of the fruits of action (Karmaphala) to the whole Universe. He is white in complexion with blue throat. 1. He is Maharudra of destruction and ocean of peace in one Being. it is insulting to say that a person appears stoned with Bhang. Tattvas danced. Vedangas are the limbs. 2.Sakti Danced. bhang** (bang). His habitat is cremation grounds. ptotic*. though he appears always coupled with his consort (Yugala form = coupled form). AdrijA = mountain-born). be-all and end-all of knowledge) Vedanta is the end of Vedas.form for Tiger foot and Patanjali Rishis. n. Vyakarana (Grammar). His eyes are dreamy-looking. the Guru of all Gurus endowed with spiritual knowledge (Brahma Vidya). (RHD) As you notice here. skill correct pronunciation and articulation. Mercy and Love. ptotic* = half-closed or droopy eye lids. Vedanga consists of six parts: 1. he is effulgent like a silver mountain. austere and yet he is all Joy. He is the Supreme Guru. Here is a list of apparently contradictory qualities of Siva which the devotees in love and devotion praise. Many of them reveal the multi-faceted sides of Siva. Siksa (knowledge. having eyes not conforming to usual appearance and form. he danced inside the Truth. extensions or auxiliary to the Vedas. He confers Kaivalya unasked to all souls in Benares. He is the owner of the half of the body of the daughter of the mountain (Parvati. in day to day language. a mild preparation of marijuana made from young leaves and stems of the Indian hemp plant. He is Virūpāksa. He is companionless though he seeks companionship with Parvati. Vedanta-Siddhanta. the Supreme God of contrasts and confluence. Vyaghrapada = Tiger foot.
the one with blue throat.jpg Notes July 2009: Definition of Blue Dog Democrat: They walk like a Democrat but bark like a Republican. Everybody knows that Siva has a blue throat hence the name Nilakantappa-. The poison stayed in the throat and changed the neck from white to blue color. His spouse Parvati choked (?) His neck so that he did not have to swallow the poison and die. He swallowed the poison from the churning ocean to save humanity and gods.White Siva (Exoticindia.com) click to enlarge zp10_small. The democrats who are fiscally conservative are named Blue Dog democrats and the Blue Dog Coalition .
And yet he is the destroyer of the Universe. He is Digambara (naked) robed in space. He is the Linga. The bonds are pity. He shows eight forms (Ashtamurti--the five elements plus the sun. Sakti without Siva has no consciousness. the moon and the ascrificing priest). though he is Space Himself. though he is the object of worship by Mantras and Yantras. He is the Grantor of Moksa or liberation. He is the companion of the Bhaktas (devotees). Daksa refused and modified the curse so that there would be gradual waning alternating with waxing but no disappearance. Here is the story of how Lord Siva came to wear a sliver of the moon on his hair. Siva is Sava (dead) without Sakti. He dispels fear and confers Bliss. He is Pasupati. He shows five faces. he is the Lord of dispassion. He sports the moon on his head. He fathers Heramba (Ganesa). though He is the Lord of the Universe. Though he indulges in adorning himself with serpents. the Sakti that brings about involution and unity with Siva. He is the son-in-law of the King of mountains. He broadcasts Abhaya Mudra (fear-not pose of hands). Jnana and Yoga. family. His health and body waned. He is YogaNidra though he is attainable by Karma. Though He carries the axe and trident and appears to project fear and dismay. He shows three eyes.) He has fire in his forehead third eye and holds Ganga in his matted locks. meaning that the Blue Dog Democrat is a democrat outside but has some qualities of a Republican in the inside. Some democrats wrested the legislative seats from the Republicans by becoming a Blue Dog Democrats. He is the cause of Yoganidra (Yoga sleep). though he is the Lord of the Universe. though he is attainable by Jnana Yogis well versed in the spiritual knowledge. Yoganidra is meditation sleep. He is self-born. the source of the origin of the universe. (page 303--Principles of Tantra Part II by Sir John Woodroffe. Devi's death at Daksa's Yajna caused grief in Siva. He is the liberator and the Liberation. He is the Lord of Kailas and Kasi. though they see in all directions. ignorance. which made the wives pity him and asked their father to repeal his curse. . Though He is stepped on and trampled under the feet of Devi and He is prostrate at Her feet. Go to SIVA'S FURY DAKSA. though he destroys the Pāsas of Pasus. He was so much in deep love and devotion to his fourth wife Rohini that others complained to their father Daksa who cursed him to be childless and suffer from consumption (Tuberculosis). He is the refuge of all his devotees. Mahabhairava is Joy incarnate.was formed in 1994. Go to Siva's eight forms. The normal Yellow Dog was choked blue by the left-leaning democrats so much so the Dog turned blue. He is the savior of the three worlds. though he drinks wine of joy. though it is covered by matted hair. custom and caste. though he is the Isvara (the Supreme Ruler or Controller) of the universe. the twenty-seven lunar asterisms. Pasas (Pāsas) are the bonds which keep the ignorant man bound to Samsara. rather) bark like a Republican. He is Rajarajesvara (King of kings) in the devotee's heart. though he swallowed the deathly Halahala poison coming out of the milk ocean. though he is the Lord of the Mountains and is beyond any relationships (Akula). though he is the destroyer of the three worlds. shame. though He is the Yajnesvara (Lord of Yajna). Soma (Moon) married 27 daughters of Daksa. He is knowledge and its preceptor. though he is thousandheaded. He holds the hands of the poor and the helpless. though He is attributeless Parabrahman beyond all causes. He is the revealer of Mantras. He is the Lord of the Spirit world and Bhutapati (the Lord of beings). which facilitates a full deployment of mental powers in a Yogi. though He is above Moha and MAyA (infatuation and delusion). He is the destroyer of Daksa's Yajna. though he is of infinite forms. though He is Bharaiva (frightful Being) Himself. They walk like a Democrat but (quack.
so much so the he took away Tara. Siva devoured Sukracharya (grandson of Bhrgu). Sivananda is the Bliss of Siva. This painting shows the head of Rahu without his body. The Sun and the moon gods knew a Daitya if they saw one even in the dark and immediately reported him to the Lord. Na signal comes from fire-holding hand. the preceptor of gods. Siva sliced Soma into pieces and wore a sliver of him on his hair acquiring the name Chandrasekhara (the moon-crested one). Si. the discus cut off his head with the result that the head survived and the body died! (Now you know where the expression 'Talking heads' came from!) Lord Brahma accepted the Daitya Rahu‘s head as a planet. Ma. "Ya" signal invites the celestials. he dances Siva Natana. the high priest of the demons and released him through his urinary passage. Ma signal emanates from his planted right foot thus. Brahma‘s entreaties did not persuade Soma to part with Tara. and drank the nectar. He. while the Danavas and Daityas joined the Soma camp. the wife of Brihaspati. Indra and gods sided with Brihaspati. Soma (Moon) performed a sacrifice and became powerful. he is the Nada Brahman (Brahman of Sound). sat between the sun god and moon god. The Daityas were not the devotees of the Lord and never sought him and therefore they never had the chance to imbibe the nectar. disguised himself as an Aditya (god). "Va" signal removes fear in Tapasvins. Hhe dances his entire five-letter mantra: Na. offering grace is Va Ya The Jiva or individual soul The left anterior hand offering refuge is Ya . A war broke out between gods and demons. signals "Si" inviting his devotees to come and merge with him. Soma impregnated Tara according to later admission by Tara. Yet another version of why the moon waxes and wanes. Va. One of the Daityas (Rahu) got wise. He was naturally angry with the sun and moon and therefore he tried to swallow the sun and the moon which explains the solar and lunar eclipses. who sent his spinning discus to slice his head off his neck. Vishnu in the form of Mohini separated the gods from the demons. Sadasivananda is without end in all. as he was drinking the nectar. Ya. The purpose was to let the gods imbibe the nectar of Immortality and con the demons out of their share because they did not deserve the nectar. Tara gave birth to Budha (the planet Mercury). by his hand gesture. Since Rahu tasted the nectar but before he had a chance to gulp it down. Si Lord Siva The right posterior hand that holds the drum is Si Va Arul or Grace The right anterior hand. The Adityas (the gods) were always serving at the feet of the Lord and therefore the Lord gave them the nectar of immortality.Here is another version. Entity The soul‘s journey to Grace Limbs Na Veiling or Tirodhana Left posterior hand holding the blazing fire Ma Mala or impurity The right planted foot is Ma.
assigned to body part. Concealing Grace. Earth Earth and Brahma Water Water and Vishnu Fire Fire and Rudra A (Siva) Bliss Knowledge Pure Joy Si Air Vayu and Rudra U (Sakti) Bliss Bliss Knowledge Pure Joy Pure Joy Va Pasa A (Sadasiva) Pati A (Srim) Body of Siva U (Sadasiva) Pasu U (Krim) Body of Siva A O I U E . letter. is Na.Panchaakshara (Five Syllables) Body Parts@. is contemplated. left anterior hand. Creation. right posterior hand with the drum. Revealing Grace. Tirodhana the feet Dynamic Panchaakshara of Nataraja. Siva‘s five functions in Nataraja stance Fire in the hand The Universe the abdomen or navel Right foot on Muyalakan Lord Siva the shoulders Revealing Grace The mouth or face outstretched hand The Jiva The eyes or the head. dispelling fear drum Destruction (left posterior hand with flame). left anterior hand pointing down to left foot--Jiva's refuge Maintenance (Sthiti). (A-bhaya mudra—fearnot symbol) [high-five position of palm] Akasa or ether Akasa and Sadasiva Five Elements Muladhara triangleKundalini AUM Perpetual Bliss Jnana (knowledge) Pure Joy Tandava dance of dissolution merges in Agamic Mantra Pati-Pasu-Pasa Triangle Siva and Sakti A and U The dance letters of Siva‘s rhythmic dance steps. planted right foot. right anterior hand with supinated upright palm.
He became the effulgent Jyoti (Jyoti = light = Jnana = wisdom). Comment: go to files: 1) Om Namasivaya. he became two--Siva and Sakti by three Letters (A. Maya made its appearance. Na is Mala Ma is Mala Si is Siva's concealment Va is Siva's Grace Ya is the soul Mular elaborates on the Dance of Siva in Tantra (fourth Chapter) as follows: 884: I worship thee I praise thee His wisdom is my refuge. 885: By one Letter (A).M). By Letter M.U). 2) Yogi rides the Sound Waves of OM . I recite the One Letter (AUM) which is Lord Himself. he became the world by two Letters (A. I explain Siva yoga.Five groves@@ Five hoods of snake@@ Five finger@@ five Cupid's arrows@@ Soul caught between malas on one hand and concealment and Grace on the other hand. He is always in my thought I seek relief at the Holy Feet of the Lord.U.
(2) Mallikārjuna or Srīsaila (on a mountain near the river Kṛṣṇā) . (9) Visvesvara at Benares. 10) Nageshvar on the banks of the Gomati. You may notice there is no concurrence in various descriptions. (8) Bhima Sankara (in the Rajamundrv district). Mahakalesvara (at Ujjain). The Lord carries many names for His one aspect. (3) Mahākāla. (12) Kedarnatha in the Himalayas. (11) Gautamesa. Some listings are out of sequence. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .Prof. also called Varnesvara (not located). Gujarat. (7) Ramesa or Ramesvara (on the island of Ramesvara ).(6) Vaidyanatha also called Naganatha (at Deogarh Bengal). Translation of Siva Purana. Shastri. page 148: Jyotirlingas are twelve in number: (I) Somanātha at Somanath Pattan. (4) Omkara Mandhata on the Narmada. Book one. (5) Amaresvara (at Ujjain) .
and devotees. 888: Tandavam is that one-letter word (AUM) Tandavam is Anugraha act (of the Lord) Tandava Dance stands alone as the Highest of Dance in the Golden Hall. the Divine Dance of Siva. places (Chidambaram). which is witnessed by Devas. The gates are the entry points in the towers or gopurams. Comment: The Sabah or the Great hall in the Temple at Chidambaram is where Lord Nataraja dances Tandava. Sundarar at the North Gate and Mannikkavacakar at the East Gate. He is Mahanata. Nataraja = Dance/Dancer + King = King of Dance or Dancers. Rishis. Anavarta. veiling and Grace). Chidambaram = Cit + Ambalam = Consciousness + Hall = Hall of Consciousness: this is the Tamil version.886: Chitrambalam is where Devas live Chidambaram is where Devas live Tiru Ambalam is where Devas live The Great Hall of the South (in the Temple at Chidambaram) is where Devas live. Sambandar and Manikkavacakar) worshipped at the temple. maintenance. Sadakas. Sundarar. End of comment. End of comment. It is the Hall of Consciousness (Chit Sabah). Comment: Siva dances Arpuda. Ananada. Tirumular calls AUM as one-letter Mantra. Chidambaram = Cit + Ambaram = Consciousness + Ether. Appar at the West Gate. Pralaya and Samhara Dances in the Golden Hall. you can witness the Ananda Tandavam in your inner vision of divine eyes (Divya Caksus). The dances are named according to his acts (creation. Tandava is derived from Tandu. Sankara visited the town and temple and Periyapuranam was composed in the thousand-pillared hall. The most celebrated dance is the ‗Tandava‘ in Chidambaram. Akāram and Ukāram: Letter A and letter U. a dancer and servant of Siva. . Four Saiva Saints (Appar. destruction. the five structures represent the five faces of Siva. Maha + Nata = Great + Dancer.) If you are a Seer or Rishi full of Brahma and Siva Jnana and Devotee of Siva Nataraja. It is samhara (dissolution) dance. representing Tandava. and competition (Urdhva). 889: He is the Supreme Light he stands as all Tattvas he stands as Akāram and Ukāram he is the Supreme Light of Tattva Dance he is himself the earthly support of all. Chidambaram = Chit + Ambaram = Mind or Will + Sky or Space. Together with domed Chit Sabha. sky. or atmosphere = Ether Consciousness: this is the Sanskrit version. 887: In the Golden Hall it is a wonder dance the dance is Bliss itself it is sacred dance of Anavarta (eternal) Tandavam that dance is Pralaya (the Great deluge) dance. Siddhars. Any act performed by Siva is a dance. so say the learned ones. Today Sambandar stands (as a stucco statue) at the South Gate. 25 Lilas (acts of play). Anugraha = grace. Chidambaram is a temple town of great antiquity going back to early Christian era.
Chanting Namasivaya drives away the fiery snake of Pasa--bondage. Sun and Moon are the progressively higher centers of Kundalini yoga. They are Siva Gati and pure joy. which the Yogi imbibes. The Pure Bliss. destroys karma. he is Va-Si-Ya. For a detailed presentation of AUM (OM) go to POTPOURRI. God) is the Supreme Lord of Dance. 895: They (the letters) are Pati. They are supreme and beyond thought. he stands as Na-Ma-Si-Va-Ya--Na for earth and Brahma. Ma. Fire. Comment: Spheres of Muladhara. Tirotayakam = Tirodhana (Sanskrit). on of the attributes of Siva). Ya for Akasa and Sadasiva. Pasam and Agamas of stainless purity. They offer Siva Gati (refuge of Siva) in a manner that the tree is the refuge of bees. . fist plane). Si for fire and Rudra. transcending human understanding. They are the pristine purity of sacred Dance Hall. Those who who know this Bliss will discover (vision) the Ananda Tandava (Dance of Bliss). 893: Masters of many arts and letters recite two letters (A and U). Na. Na-Ma-Va-Si-Ya stands in the sphere of Fire VaSi-Ya stands in that of Sun and Va-Si stands in the sphere of Moon. They are the sacred Dance they are the sacred text of Agamas. The two (Si. and Desire). This (SIVaYa) residing in (the Muladhara genital) Triangle ascends to other Adharas or Chakras. Si. Va. Standing as Talaivan is the . (Bliss of obscuration. Maya. NaMaSiVaYa has contextual meanings: Tirumular says that anagram Mantra. 897: Standing as Talaivan (Headman. Comment: Maintenance includes obscuration or veiling in Sakala Avastha dissolution includes Grace in liberation of the soul. Ma for water and Vishnu.Va. They contain in them the sacred Dance of Siva. Va for Vayu and Rudra. They are the Tirotayakam Bliss. Mayai. Siva Gati: Refuge at the feet of Siva. In the realm of Fire he is NaMa-Si-Va-Ya in the realm of sun. The pure letters are the site of Sacred Dance. In the sphere of Yoga. Pasu. Sivaya Nama is the Sukshma (subtle) Mantra. which is the source of nectar of eternity.Va. 892: Pure Bliss is three (syllables.) The Samkhara Dance (of dissolution) subside in them. Omkara subsides in five letters (Si. and gives the bliss of Siva. 894: They (Si and Va) are Sadasiva they are imperishable Agamas. Ya. Ya) are unitary one in Jnana. Lord. he is Va-Si. In the plane of Muladhara (Kundalini. Si. The pure letters are Anavam. not many know. Standing as Talaivan is Sar-Pāttiram (Worthy recipient for gifts. Siva is the resident deity in all the centers. End of comment. ya. 891: Siva and Sakti are A and U (of AUM). and Kamiyam (Ego. virtuous person). chanting which eight thousand times reveals the subtle path of Sushumna.890: He is the highest Paramaparan in every corner of the worlds. Ya). 896: He stands as the head of his own Self he stands himself as his own mountain he stands as his own Self he stands as the Lord of himself.
Comment: Chit Para = Intelligence Supreme. The feet of incomparable Lord are (letters) two and five. (six vertical and six horizontal) make twenty-five squares Meditate on them. It is existent in Sivaya Nama Mantra.Lord blossoming of Jnana flower. 905: Chant as follows: Sivaya nama. The Dance in two letters is scorn-free Mantra (Mantra leading to Bliss. your body will . Copper (that is Jiva) turns into gold (that is Siva). seventy million is a less likely than seven terminal word endings of Mantras: Nama. With his Grace. It is the sacred Hall where copper turned into gold. Seed Mantra naturally connotes that other Mantras grow from the seed Mantras. you can witness his eternal Dance. 904: Draw Tiruvambala Chakra draw Tiruvambala Chakra with six lines twice. 899: The seven thousand (Mantras) become twenty (plus) thirty (fifty). The seven thousand Mantras beyond thought and calculation subside in the life of seven and two (Mantras). Svaha. there will be no more birth. later swells into seventy million. 907: You will witness the Golden Feet you will bring forth distinguished children. Naman = Death. Srim and Krim are the Bija (Seed) Mantras of Siva and Sakti they are derivatives of Sanskrit letters. He hums to the Dance of Tattvas. B. Sivaya Nama If you chant thus. The feet of incomparable Lord are letters fifty-one. 898: The sacred feet of incomparable Lord are the eight letters.) The dancing Siva Lingam transforms Copper-Jiva into golden Siva. Chanting "Srim" and "Krim" turns copper into gold. Comment: According to Dr. As you witness the Golden Feet. His dance is incomparable in all the worlds. Time personified. Hum. OM Sri Maha Ganapataye namah. Golden Mantra in its radiant glow turns your body into gold and in due course of time you will see the Golden Feet of the Lord. (Namah=Salutation. 906: Do not chant this Mantra loud Say it sotto voce (or in silence). Natarajan. 901: He is by himself in his Dance he stands as A and U. Vashat. 903: Chanting Sivaya Nama turns copper into gold Chit Para turns copper into gold. Vamshat.) 900: There are seven thousand Mantras those Mantras have no power. Standing as Talaivan is the Lord whose feet is beyond compare. All Mantras take this color and nature. The feet of incomparable Lord are seven thousand. The Dance in two letters is Naman's Dance of dissolution. and Phat. Svata. 902: The Dance in two letters is pleasing and joyous. This Mantra is of Siva's holy frame and form. The Golden Feet will turn copper into gold (jiva into Siva).
The subtle Karma will come to ruin you shall enjoy the Sukshma Siva Ananda. E. He danced in seven worlds he danced on one foot he danced in nine (Saktis). You shall witness the Dance of the Golden Feet as your thoughts dwell on the Mantra. and Aum (the five seed letters). 909: As you chant the Sukshma (subtle) Mantra eight thousand times. A. A. Anandam.O.I.I. Anandam. 911: The two-letter (A. The dance that is I. E. 908: It is easy to transmigrate into any body. A. The priests of Chidambaram are a hereditary bunch and some are wealthy by Indian standards. 913: He dances as one he dances as two (with Sakti) he dances in three. mind. Anandam: thus you chant. the fiery snake of Pāsa will take leave of you. U. This ascent is well described and documented by Kundalini Yogis. Anandam: A. as the two-letter Mantra pervades your body. E. Moon and Fire). A true priest has to undergo Diksa to qualify for his function. the Supreme goal. Madavār = woman in this context it is Sakti. The priest has to ascend from the Earth Tattva to Bindu Tattva to attain Nirvana and blossom out as Spirit. become Sivaya Nama the Dance. The two-letter body of the Lord becomes five letters: U. I.turn into a holy one. Anandam.E.E. 910: Anandam. This part is described in great detail in Lingapurana Part two. the Sukshma Path shall come into view. O. it resides in Hum. E that are Siva Dance. O become NaMaSiVaYa. A. O (that are Jiva or individual soul). that is I. the lifevowels) are the source of Anandam Anandam. You undergo transformation. the progenitor of Tattvas or Kalas.U. O (A.htm>>>> for details . Once the priest becomes a Diksita. become SiVaYa Nama the Dance letters I. As he ascends. they become the five-letter Mantra. <<<<Bindu. (Sun. Sum. he sheds matter and acquires a higher Spirit or Consciousness. Hum. Hrim. U. Ananda =bliss. Goodly Madavār will grace you by her presence. The priests of Chidambaram. As you chant the Mantra. O. When that happens he attains Nirvana state. Chapters 19 to 24. A. and soul have to undergo purification. E. It starts with external purity internal purity involves involution and absorption of matter into Bindu. O.U. U. Chant the Mantra it is the secret of Sacred Dance. The two-letter body of the Lord become five letters. His body. Anandam. he is equal to Siva. U. The final beatitude comes from eradication of all malas (impurities) particularly Anava mala (impurity of the soul). 912: The Dance is SiVaYaNaMa. He danced on a stage that is Space he danced the Dance of Ruby. I. U) Mantra is the body (of the Lord) Chant it Sotto Voce. Siva's Pure Consciousness is like a diamond and human consciousness is like a common stone.
As they evolve in a linear or cascade fashion. 3. Empty void (sunya) is in Para Bindu and is Nirguna Siva. This is the Ma-Kaara mode of Bindu. there is no confusion. earth. The world is fully awake with A-Kaara state. where diversity finds expression. Suddha Vidya Tattva(m). Suddha-Asuddha and Asuddha Mayas. Para Bindu resides in Sahasrara or thousand petalled Lotus. and Prakriti--Verse 399. U-kaara. actualization and unfolding of this universe from Bindu in this cosmic choreography. can glide on airwaves as sound. In their subtle state they do not have a physical dimension. (AUM is AKaara. Here "Nada is Mithuna of Siva and Sakti". the size of a grain of sand. Isvara or IsaTattva. Asuddha. 5.Bindu Sakti--Light Energy Nada and Bindu are two saktis (power). products or building blocks came out of Supreme Bindu. are manifested. Some were Pure products. Sakti Tattva. meaning that all Tattvas down to the last Tattva #36. Maya Sakti brings about blossoming. Nada is high-born in the sense it arose from Para. they collapse (INVOLUTE) into a point. a particle or a dot. Nada and Bindu are the progenitors of Tattvas. categories. 2. or point. is identified as Asuddha Bindu hence. Suddha Tattvas: 1-5 (5) 1. Kriya-Sakti-Rupa." 36 Tattvas.) Sakti's U-Kaara mode is revealed in creation (churning out objects and beings) here.) Nada and Bindu are all aspects of this universe. . (When all these entities involute. the product acquires a supranormal quality (Pure Consciousness). known and unknown. 4. Mular says Maya arose out of Iccha Sakti and Maya in union with Bindu gave rise to Suddha. It is Light. the building blocks of the universe. it is devoid of decay. Bindu (derived from Parabindu) is one compact. Sadasiva Tattva. That is interesting for we are told that the universe came from a point or dot. superdense powerpack (Sakti). Nada is Sakti and Bindu is Siva (Siva-Sakti) Nada is action and Bindu is static Nada is white and Bindu is red. Kalaa / kala generaly means "part. and Ma-Kaara. Sakti of Nirvana. according to Woodroffe. Jnana and Kriya. Para Bindu is a drop. Maya. where there is a form (Rupa) to the action (Kriya) of power (Sakti). "Nada is action". Siva Tattva. Naada (Nada) is sound and Bindu is dot. some were Impure products and some were half Pure and half Impure: Suddha Tattvas. Iccha Sakti gave rise to Maya which in union with Bindu gave rise to three Mayas or major Tattvas: Suddha. Asuddha Tattvas and Suddha-Asuddha Tattvas. Even gods came from these entities. Bindu. the seat of Isvara. can acquire a human character as desire or ego. Nada in its original intent was an act like the union of two entities with a resultant product: Sodium combining with Chloride is Nada or Mithuna (union). it is space. the seat of Para Bindu. The product in this case is Bindu (Para-Bindu or Supreme Bindu). Jiva and Kundali are part of Para Bindu. the sakti is operative in Prakriti Tattva. take on a physical dimension such as an eye. In Sahasrara. the first of the Asuddha Tattvas/Mayas and the 13th down the line among the 36 Tattvas. or can become earth itself. and kalas of Nirvana and Ama and fire of Nibodhika reside. There are three saktis: Iccha. when one passage reads that Bindu is the cause of Tattvas and another passage says that Maya is the cause of Tattvas. born of Bindu. ready for blossoming out into the building blocks of the universe in an orderly fashion AND NOT WITH A BIG BANG.
air. Niyati: destiny which makes soul's experience correspond to the fruits of its own karma. 33. The elements and matter burn in effigy of rope. the Guru. Diksai reduces all Malas into ashes and obtains liberation. evacuation. ether. Dīksâ. PrakrtiTattva. procreation. sound. grasp. As fire destroys cotton and reduces it into ashes. 21. Saanti-y-atiita / Santiyatita = Santi + Atita = Quietism + edge. 28. Nivrtti Marga is involution backwards (upwards) to Siva Consciousness of the Jiva from its last Tattva. 26. The earth Guru. 20. 10. Diksa is the essential element in the liberation of the soul. 9. 15. water. 17. 8. 29. Earth is reabsorbed into Water which is reabsorbed into Fire and so on through all 35 Tattvas. Ahamkara 16. 11. second or middle step in initiation. Diksa or Diksai is initiation of a disciple into the mysteries of Saiva religion it consists of three stages: Samaya-diksai. riding a palanquin. Now the parts (kalas. See TATTVAS-36 for details. Kaala: Time: determines the duration of soul's experiences. tactile sense. Abhiseka may involve music. 23. That is Nirvana. fire. 30. 35. transfers all the five elements and the soul on to the rope. equal to the height of the disciple. palpation. elements) are marked in color on the rope. 24. and Mahesvara were born when Anava Sakti united with Bindu. Next day. and Kanma . as fire roasts seeds and renders them unproductive. Rudra-Siva. be-all and end-all. limit = Quietism. causing destruction of Anava Mala. 25. Vidya: Soul's ability to discriminate. Raaga: Soul's desire to experience the world. kalas or parts. and Third and last step. which gives the disciple special privilege of making Puja to Siva. Anava. and nirvana-diksai (initiatory rites. which helps the disciple free himself from the bonds of existence and attain emancipation--Tamil Lexicon). Kalaa: variable aptitude of the soul to spiritual knowledge. 36. 27. Consecration of Guru is known as Acarya-abhiseka. which is the culmination of initiation of a Sadhaka or priest into Guruhood. the disciple becomes a Guru. Buddhi. smell 22. Viceta-diksai. 19. SuddhaAsuddha Tattvas: 6-12 (7) 6.The five gods. hearing. . mala = impurity Asuddha Tattvas: 13-36 (24) 13. odor. Sadasiva. 18. 34. Earth the latter Tattva gets reabsorbed into the former one until all 35 Tattvas are reabsorbed into Siva Tattva. speech. 31. tasting. Brahma. Maya: material cause of asuddham (impurity) 7. by the grace of Siva brings about liberation. earth. 14. lamps. This is known as Saantiy-atiita. taste. because Diksa. Manas. 12. singing and dancing. The fire of Yoga destroys all kalais or Tattvas until the state of Sivahood is reached by the soul the matter gradually perishes in fire as spirit evolves. separates the symbolic constituent parts of the rope and casts them in the order in which Nivrtti takes place. Once the disciple goes through these rituals. vision and color. Vishnu. ambulation. on behalf of Siva. chanting of Vedas. 32.Purusa: Sakalar class soul having all three malas. form. Maya. Mantras destroy prarabdha karma and guarantees no rebirth.
Sanskrit Spatika = Tamil Patika = Crystal. and Raja Sabha (Chitrambalam. walls and roof beams. Nritta Sabha. Nritta Sabahai. Deva Sabha. Here Spatika Linga receives six daily pujas. also known as Perambalam (Great hall) where the Panchamurtis administer Grace to the devotees. Ponnambalam. . gold-gilded copper tiles and rectangular arched roof (Sikaram). This is where Urdhava Tandavam took place. while Ratnasabapati gets Abhishekam (ritual ablution). Chit Sabha. Nritta Sabha is located to the south of the flag post of Lord Nataraja. and Raja Sabhai)." and Sekkhizar composed and published his magnum opus here on the verbal cue "Ulakelam" (the world over) from Lord Nataraja's heavenly voice.Chidambaram Nataraja Temple has five Sabhas (halls). Raja Sabha is the thousand-pillared hall. Umapati Sivam made the flag rise on the pole by singing Kodik-kavi (flag poem). Patika Lingam = Crystal Lingam. Kanaka Sabha. The highlights of this hall are MAnikkavasakar made a mute to speak. Sambandar received vision of the Tillai hereditary Brahmana priests of the temple as Siva Ganas (servants). Perambalam. SEnthanAr made the stuck temple car move by singing "Pallandu. Chit Sabha consists of stone floor. also known as Ponnambalam (Golden Hall) is in front of the Chit Sabha. sandalwood pillars. Kanaka Sabha. Deva Sabha.
Manipura Chakra Jambhukesvara. Quote from David Smith. In the Chit Sabha resides Lord Nataraja. is the Consciousness of the universe. a favorite of Siva. representative of Akasa or Ether graced by a garland of Vilva leaves. Hall of Consciousness. Jnana and Kriya. the latter representing Siva's Will or Iccha Sakti. Go to <<<<FIERY LINGAM>>>> for details. Siva's Padukas. To the right of Siva Nataraja is the Chidambara Rahasyam (the Secret of Chidambaram). Temple towns of India are the equivalents of the Chakras in the body: Varanasi. Patanjali's Puja Sutra forms the basis for rituals in worship. The land mass of India is compared to Mother and the Nadis run through the length of India. the land of India. in his long list of pilgrimage sites (very weak on South India) in his authoritative study of Dharmasastra. says that the Cidambaram temple 'contains the "air linga" i. and the Chakras. his consort is his Will. the Visuddha Chakra Chidambaram.5m high and 3. the Hall of Consciousness. but also in the heart of every being. Chit Sabha. golden sandals. the Brahmanas pride themselves as having come from a Vedic tradition in North India and use Vedic Mantras. the Svadhisthana Chakra and Tiruvarur. Muladhara Chakra. Chitsabha shrine is a hut made of wooden pillars and a roof with golden tiles and two curtains. red inner (enlightenment) and black outer (illusion). The Lord of Dance is Pure Consciousness that resides not only in the Hall of Consciousness. The Chit Sabha also houses Ratnasabhapati (Ruby Nataraja). Other Saktis are Jnana and Kriya Sakti thus. The presiding God is Lord Nataraja Siva in his dancing stance performing Ananda Tandavam. It is the heart of the universe and the seat of Consciousness. Go to <<<<Kundalini Power>>>> for details on Nadis. Kane. Susumna Nadi runs through Chidambaram Ida Nadi runs through Sri Lanka Pingala Nadi goes through Himalayas. Though Agamas are the primary source of Mantras. Heart is considered as the seat of Consciousness in a human being. Nadis. the Anahata (heart) Chakra Arunachala (Tiruvannamalai). no Linga is actually visible but a curtain is hung before a wall and when visitors enter the curtain is withdrawn and the wall is exhibited'" . page 256. The Sabha itself is the body of the Lord. Curtains measuring 1. Spatika Lingam of Chandramauleevara. It is said that such a Great Lord resides in a small hall in such manner that he also resides in the nook of the heart. "Again. in front of which are housed Lord Nataraja and Sivakami. and Yantra behind the leaves.5m wide covers the background of both Lord Nataraja and the Chidambara Rahasyam. which exists in the nook of the heart of every being. The Rahasya curtains represent the Aroopa (formless) form of Siva and Parvati. the Ajna Chakra Kalahasti.e. The Dance of Siva. ChitSabha or the Hall of Consciousness houses Nataraja and his consort Sivakami. Balinayaka murthi and the severed head of Brahma (in the form of Lingam/ mukhalingam) which was cut off for lying to Siva. Ramana MahaRishi is of the opinion that spiritual heart is not the same as the anatomical "fleshy" heart and is located in the right side of the chest. Bhairavar. is the main shrine where the Lord performed Ananda Tandavam.Chit Sabha.
Go to <<<< TATTVAS-36>>>>>. the Light of Wisdom dawns. worshipped by Yogis the yogic path is very difficult to follow to reach Sunya.Siva is Sunya. will. Anyone can have a will but will without knowledge leads to futile or faulty action. SatChitAnanda manifests. Those who want to enjoy worldly pleasures should worship the visible and palpable Linga. The Lord has the Will to act because he has the Knowledge. Siva and Parvati receive an ensemble of gods The Lord is endowed with three Saktis: Iccha Sakti. and the Lord is the form of Void. a whole new world comes into view. This is symbolic of creation proceeding from Pure Consciousness of Siva to 36 spiritual and material Tattvas. These Mandalas are described in Kundalini yoga. Ether stands for Pure Supreme Consciousness. Jnana Sakti and Kriya Sakti in that order. Knowledge and Action. (Skanda Purana I.25-34 Go to <<<<OM NAMASIVAYA>>>> for explanation of Yantra. Curtains represent Siva and Parvati. When the curtains are parted. one form and name ascribed to one sakti. Man also has these three saktis in a different order: Knowledge. They are Will.ii. Parvati in various names and forms represents all three saktis. Curtains of Chidambara Rahasyam are lifted and lamps are waved in ceremonial worship for the devotees to look into the Secret that empty Space is God. .33. Surya Mandala is Jnana Sakti Moon Mandala is Kriya Sakti Fire Mandala is Iccha Sakti. and action. ignorance dissipates.
Pati in his Tatattam . In the East. Consciousness. the word transcendent is used to mean outside of the world. middle. obscuration (or grace) (five functions) is Sat-CitAnanda (Being. it means outside of thought. and transcendent. word and comprehension. and bliss) is void (sunya) in Parabindu. destruction. or end is beyond creation. he becomes comprehensible and manifests five functions. all-pervasive. maintenance. He is Sivam and Parasivam he is beyond thought. In Occidental theology. which is Nirguna Siva without any attributes does not possess a gross or subtle form and is pure.Source: Thirumanthiram Pati (Sorupam) is its own self (Pati in situ) and uncreated. Joseph Campbell explains what transcendent is. When Sivam showers Grace. It has no beginning.
Based on Arupam. Knowledge. He is Nishkala because he has masses of unmanifest energy without parts. His energy or Consciousness shows differentiation in five Suddha Tattvas: Siva Tattva. the Supreme Soul. changing moment by moment: that is form-formless state. he is Sakala because he has parts and Pasus (individual souls in bondage waddling in malas . plans. . he has three forms: Arupam. He is a Cosmic Dancer after Pralaya (dissolution). Siva Linga also belongs to the Rupa-Arupa state. Of the five tattvas mentioned here Siva Tattva is Pure Consciousness the other succeeding four take their birth from Siva Tattva in a father-son linear fashion with step-down dilution of Consciousness. He originates Para Nada and Nada. Tatattam as opposed Sorupam. He is the embodiment of skills and knowledge to create cosmos. Arupam is formlessness or an invisible state which is amply manifested in Chidambaram by Akasa (Ether) he is the Void Void is his form that forms the core of Chidambara Rahasyam (secret). He is endowed with Kriya Sakti. opposite to Sorupam. Sattar and Ilaya Sivan are the other names for Arupa Sivan meaning that he is formless his pure power is in potent unmanifest form he has no intentions. five functions. Nishkala-Sakala is a transitional state between His Unmanifest (Avyakta) to his manifest state of many forms (Sakala). Action Energy. Yutti-Yuttar: The name means that he is a logician or sophist. Desire or Will. Nataraja (personal God). Yutti-Yuttar. The opposite of Niskriya is Sakriya. Sakti Tattva. Sakti Tattva: He is Paramesvara. the one full of actions. he is Nishkala-Sakala (Siva without and with parts and attributes). Tattatam = Tadastha in Sanskrit = The aspect of God which causes pancha-kiruttiyam. He is NOT just Nishkala anymore. Isvara Tattva.impurities). Somaskanthar Chandrasekarar and other visible forms portray his Rupa (form) state. Pati forms a trilateral relationship with Pasu and Pasa. Sadasiva Tattva. Siva Tattva: He is Para Sakti. Iccha. from which Bindu originates Bindu is the progenitor of Prakritic Asuddha Tattvas. and Suddha Vidya Tattva. or inclinations to create cosmos his power is undifferentiated without any palpable entity he is Nishkala (without parts or attributes) He is Niskriya (no activity) and his body is pure Consciousness. Nataraja. causes Pancha Kiruttiyam. Sat-Cit-Ananda. Arupa Sivan). He is the Light of lights (Bindu). Siva goes by three names: Sattar (Ilaya Sivan. Jnana and Kriya (Formlessness. and Piraviruttar.state is manifest controller (Siva Isvara) of the five functions as mentioned earlier. Leaping fire takes forms of infinite variety. Nishkala-Sakala Siva. Rupa-Arupam and Rupam. In his Tattatam state. In Tattatam form. and Action). the abode of Akasa Lingam in Lord Nataraja Temple. and Cosmic Dancer after Mahapralaya (dissolution of the universe). and Androgynous Ardhanaresvara.
knowledge of the Self is liberating. and destruction (Rudra-Siva).4. He has five faces. nor death. nor old age. activity. Vishnu and Brahma. I name this quadplex as Tetralogy (four entities) of Saiva Siddhanta. manifestation. a world of illumination free from evil all the maladies of the world such as ―blindness and wounds‖ stay behind. This one-way bridge on the River of Samsāra separates the phenomenal world from the Real there is no toll. The one-way bridge separates the night of miseries of existence at the entry point from the day of effulgent bliss at the exit point: it is the Brahma-world. Mahesvara. attributes. but activity (creation. For details go to SADASIVA. the destroyer. and Rudras who enjoy Divine Bliss in Sadakiya Tattuvam. nor ill-being crosses. nor well-being. Yogis attain Samadhi in Chit Sabha. the maintainer and Siva-Rudra. and action saktis (powers) he is Mahesvara whose subsidiary manifestations are Brahma. Bindu. function. Jnāna of Yogis is self-knowledge and according to Chāndogya Upanishad 8. nor night. He is Sakalan here for he has many parts. Hazardous materials of the phenomenal . the creator Vishnu. Pure knowledge is by no means Pure Consciousness. Sakti.htm. That is where Yogis go and never return. He is Para Bindu. Piraviruttan is Tamil spelling. likeness to Siva) to Vijnanakalars who are in advanced stage of ripeness (Sakti-nipatam).Sadasiva Tattva: His energy has the revealing power (Anugraha) and Grace in conferring of liberation. who range from Nishkala. advance. Piraviruttar: Pira-viruttan means he who exercises Pra-Vritti. He is Sadasiva. Sadasiva. Vittiyesurans. where knowledge and action are in balance. These blessed souls are Anusadasivars. maintenance. prosecution of. Go to Bindu. Sadasiva as Yutti-Yuttar confers Grace and liberation eventually ending in Para mukti (Supreme liberation. In him knowledge translates into action. Pra-vritti = moving forward. nor sorrow. Rudra-Siva. Those who know this sacred knowledge of the self enter the Brahma-world (behind the Chit Sabha) and are forever free from all miseries of existence. Nada. Suddha Vidya Tattva: He is pure Knowledge and his portfolio includes creation (Brahma). Anusadasivar = Souls enjoying Divine Bliss in Sadakkiya (Sadasiva) Tattuvam. The Point of no return The back of Chit Sabha carries as much secrets as Chidambara Rahasyam. to Nishkala-Sakala and to Sakala. Pati has nine archetypical forms: Siva.htm. Isvara Tattva: He obscures and conceals Grace. The event is portrayed here. one who possesses Vidhi. Piraviruttar is honorific way of addressing God. Sakti-nipatam: settling of Divine Grace in the soul when it is ripe. he is ever auspicious. The Consciousness compared to Siva Tattva is less. destruction) has enhanced. Nada and Bindu form the Quadplex. and the password is Self-knowledge. Vittiyesurans = learned scholar. knowledge. He has Jnana and Kriya Sakti. essential in the manifestation of universe and beings. maintenance (Vishnu).1 to 3. This belongs to Suddha Vidya Tattva. Sakti and Siva. Self is a bridge over which neither day.
paid tribute to the Lord of the Sabha with hands held high in apposition. You will find me in a jeweled box along with Uma. The granite platform of the Sanctuary represent Mount Kailash and thus is called Parvatam (Mountain). This. they conjectured. south of Chit Sabha and that is where Ritual worship is performed. Kanaka Sabha is a misnomer in technical terms because the roof is made of gilded copper and not gold. followers of Vaikhaanasa Agama) perform rituals here Dikshitars do the Siva rituals at other locations. as a sign of independence. south of Kanaka Sabha. To the north of the second courtyard are from west to east Sivakamasundari shrine. and Nritta Sabhaa. The roof of Kanaka Sabha is lower than that of Chit Sabha. You must invite Umapati and honor him in the Jeweled Hall before the Chit Sabha. Go and fetch Umapati.) in Chidambaram. Vishnu Shrine is placed southwest of Kanaka Sabha in the same innermost courtyard. facing East. Arcakars (priests. uttered the incredible story. Once the first word comes out of his mouth. They convened a meeting of the temple priests and came to a conclusion that the Lord of Dance remained in the place as Space or Ether in Parabrahman state without attributes. Linga Shrine (Mulasthana). A second latter Vishnu is in repose with his feet in the north and head in the south. the land of the Real. and meditated on him very intensely. hundred-pillared Hall. There are two shrines for Vishnu-Govindaraja. The Lord spoke to them. temple tank and thousand-pillared Hall. and Crystal Lingam which was a gift to the priests from Siva himself. but its spirit rivals gold. are placed at the entrance of both shrines. Arcakars and Dikshitars are poles apart. further north of Hall of Consciousness. Govindaraja Perumal occupies a place to the southwest of Nataraja. I shall enter the Sabha and assume a visible form. the Lord of Sabha and Ambika were not there. which is worshipped on special occasions. Achutadevaraya built the Vishnu Shrine in the 16th century. The third courtyard is huge and has four gopuras." The Brahmanas rushed to the hermitage. and that someone had exercised gravitational pull on the Lord of Sabha and Ambika. This episode went to confirm that the Lord of Dance was Ether itself.world have no permission to go on the bridge to the other side. known only to the Yogis. Umapati ascended a throne carried by the Brahmanas to the Sabha. is in front of it. One day when the hereditary priests opened the door to Chit Sabha. . with his head (face) in the north as a sign of submission to Siva and his feet in the south. Bronze Nataraja and Sivakamasundari of 1930 vintage are housed in a glass enclosure in a Mandapam adjoining the front of the Kanaka Sabha.E. the former is 1 meter above the latter platform silver-paneled doors with five steps representing Panchakshara (five syllables) Mantra Na-Ma-Si-Va-Ya. where he faced east. The earlier Vishnu is lying in Yoganidra on a couch of coils of Sesa snake with five heads. Ruby Nataraja. meditated on the Lord and recited his poem. Put him on a throne. beseeched him to come to the temple and recite his poem. the Golden Hall. Kanaka Sabha. He was a devotee of Siva. Be seated in front of him during the morning milking and listen to his Purana in Tamil each verse is nectar. Both Chit and Kanaka Sabhas are on elevated platforms. The Lord of Dance entered the Sabha to the delight of everyone. though they are only a few feet away from each other. Remember that the dual Vishnu shrine is southwest of the joint shrine of Cit Sabha and Kanaka sabha. Kanaka Sabha houses Nandin. There was a real-life sage-poet by name Umapati Sivacharya (around 1300 C. There is story behind the Ethereal Siva. " I am in the hermitage of Umapati. The second courtyard has three features: Deva Sabha northeast of Hall of Consciousness. was the magnetic attraction of Siva to a devotee.
" Siva is Niskala. Siva does not take incarnations. took a dip in the tank near the Nataraja-Siva Temple and obtained a cure. because he became the disciple of ThiruJnana-Sambandar. Brahma. meaning he has many parts--Tattvas. It is the trick the Lord played to teach a lesson to the high-born hereditary priests numbering 3000. He appears at critical moments and soon disappears once the task is accomplished. Sphatika Lingam (Crystal Lingam). sun. universe. Lingam is eight directions. they went to the storage place nowhere it was found. It is the belief that Ruby that came out of the sacrificial fire was a present to the priests.There are other images in Chit Sabha such as images of Ratna-sabha-pati (Ruby-Hall-Lord = Ruby Lord of Sabha. Lingam is 16 Kalas. Lingam is the manifest world. Kings worship gold Lingam." Umapati served as the priest for Linga worship. An old man stood up and his voice boomed across the Hall of Consciousness. Man's form is Chidambaram. Simhavarman II (550-575 C. he is whole. Man's form is Sadasivam. The resident Sadasiva is the subtle lingam the altar is Bhadra Lingam. Man's form is Sacred Dance of Siva. Kala: The Lord wearing the moon with 16 Kalais (Kalas) confers a vision of himself to those who are steady in the practice of breath control. Siva is also Sakala. On my command. and the stars. form of Lord in Ruby). the Siva Tattvas Sakti's Soul. lightning. Sakti. known as Dikshitars. the Vidya Tattvas upper part. Sudras worship stone Lingam. five-faced Sadasiva. V1713: His first manifestation in this world is Sakti. Bindu. The Lord gifted the Crystal Lingam for worship to the devotees the crystal Lingam is made from the foam of Amrtam (Nectar / Ambrosia) derived from the moon on the Lord's crest. His sakti's attributes manifested in this world.E. Chandramaulisvara and others. The priests went back to the Chit Sabha for worship. and Siva are the nine aspects of Lingam which gives grace as (in the form of) Supreme Nandi. . They looked everywhere panic was the order of the day. Sadasiva himself. Prakrti). Mular eulogizes Lingam in Chapter Seven of Tirumantiram: Verse 1712: No one knows what Lingam is. exceeding the luster of the moon. "I am the Lord of Dance. Another synonym for Niskala is Niskalatattva (Tattva without parts or contaminating matter. Rudra. Nada. Vishnu. Vaishyas worship emerald Lingam. the box with Linga is with my dear devotee Umapati. meaning he has no parts. he is absolute or Nirguna Brahman--Brahman without attributes. V1718: Manifest Lingam is Vimana (arc-like roof of the shrine). and like a diamond. You may bring it back here. The endogamous priests. he is undivided. It is Sadasiva (Lingam) who conceived and created this world. V1758: The Sakti's pedestal (of Lingam) contains Atma Tattvas central part. and beings. channeling the Prana through Susumna Nadi. V1726: Man's (human) form is Siva Lingam. Umapati was forbidden to enter the Lord's chamber. Umapati figures again in the disappearance of Casket with the Lingam from its premises. after its arrival to the temple. Mahesa.) who in the hope of curing his leprosy. fire. V1721: Brahmins worship crystal Lingam. (Kalaa = Kala = Kalai) Kala approximately means "parts. claim that they are the progeny of the priests who came to Chidambaram along with the Kashmiri king. He came in Sakti form in this world. Nirguna Brahman = Supreme Narayana (Adhi Narayana) = Parasambhu Siva.
This is where Urdhva Tandava took place. is rock-solid thousand-pillared hall. Nataraja and Sivakamasundari dance here during the Chariot festival. 1: Kanaka Sabha (Hall of Gold) at Chidambaram. Mulanathar. There are Dance Halls scattered around India. devotees. consort of Siva. is held aloft by 56 pillars of engraved dancing figures. a form of Siva. Siva sports only two hands in this dance and has no Asura (Apasmara purusa. the Dance hall. Nordic Ymir. the second is Crystal Lingam. hall of Gold. is housed in 2nd prakaram (courtyard). In Himalayas. Daily worship here is not open to the public. the Hall of Kings. and the third is Image of Lingam. the left leg is raised in a frozen dance pose in the idol. Dance of Bliss performed in Velliambalam (Hall of Silver). the idol is covered with plated silver and the Lord's right leg is raised this dance is known as Anada Tandavam(2). The south-facing Siva defies death for himself and his devotees. 2: Rajata Sabha (Hall of Silver) at Madurai. It is in the shape of a stone chariot (Ratha) and two horses. He descended later in front of Chit Sabha from his horse-drawn chariot with sun and moon as the wheels. Its thousand pillars correspond to thousand petals of inverted lotus of Sahasrara Chakra of Kundalini Yoga. It serves as a house for festival gods. 729 breaths an hour and 17.Siva is Formless. and meditators assemble here only twice in a year. It houses Urdhvatandava Siva and Kali. Persian Yima. Pradosha Tandavam(3) for Parvati to alleviate the suffering of his created beings. . It is in the second prakaram in the south side of the perimeter. Nritta Sabha. Hall of gods. Siva (Murti) destroyed (Samhara) two demon cities (Tripuras) therefore. In Madurai temple.houses Sivakami. is where the bejeweled Nataraja is housed with a roof made of 17. and Form: the first is Akasa Lingam. where Chola and Pandya kings celebrated their coronation (Chola) and victory . The pilgrims. the Lord is known Tripurasamhara Murti.15 breaths per minute. The outermost prakaramwalkaround. Raja Sabha. Tamil Yaman. 12. In the famous stance. The Temple priests (Dīksitars) hold conference on the steps. It is in the second prakaram. and Canaanite god Yam are one and the same god. Yama. Muyalaka) under his foot. Sanskrit Yama. Kanaka Sabha (Ponnambalam or Golden hall) in Chidambaram is where Lord Nataraja performed Nadanta Tandavam(1). Parvati. Vinayaka. This landing of Siva gave the other name to Nritta Sabha as Edir Ambalam (Opposite Hall). and images of Panchamurtis (Somaskandar. is where festivals and meetings are held.500 breaths in 24 hours. treats Siva's devotees with deference. Subramanya. Deva Sabha. Siva dances the Evening Dance. and Chandikesvara and other deities. visitors. Formless/Form. Kanaka Sabha. god of death.500 gilded gold tiles representing the number of breaths a person takes in a day.
Time came to him in the form of Death (Yama) Sveta recognized the dispenser of Death and at once meditated on three-eyed Siva. Siva with his retinue consisting of His Consort Uma. Sveta pointed to Linga and asked the Death Dealer what possibly he could do to him in the presence of Linga. There are other halls too. Brahma. there is no dying for me. because he was the Eater of Death. Chapter 30. The sight of Siva killed Yama. the latter being the foremost of all Gurus. Nandi. Ganesa.3: Ratna Sabha (Hall of Rubies) at Tiruvalangadu. Sveta roared louder than thunder and along with other Devas. He relates this story of Sveta to Nandin (Nandikesvara). There are other halls too. devotee of Siva-Rudra.. your beneficial fruit of karma? I am here but where is your Linga? I have no one to fear. 5: Chitra Sabha (Hall of pictures) at Kutralam. "I am Death of Death. Siva disappeared soon. Since you are dead. What can your Linga ( Siva-Rudra) do now? Where are your devotion. Death grew bold and spewed out venomous words. 5 The cords of the grave are coiled around me the snares of death confronted me. who fed on men and drained their life forces. whirled his noose menacingly. having saved his devotee from Death's noose." Having heard defiant retort. From his temple he heard my voice . Vishnu and Siva. worship. Sveta was a cave-dwelling Brahmana Sage of ripe old age. paid obeisance to Siva and Uma. before I call Siva. Skanda. 4: Tamra Sabha (Hall of copper) at Tirunelvelli. Coming to hierarchy of the temple. the creator of Devas. In ordinary parlance. and bound Sveta. He asked Time in the form of Death to take his trip back to his quarters. Brahma was one of the historians (story tellers) in Linga Purana. including Yama.) Here is an excerpt from Psalms 18.5 to 18. who fell dead at the feet of Sveta like a stick. turned red in his face. "You are bound. (The above episode appears in Linga Purana. Uma. with his ropes. " Get out of here. clapped his hands many times. 6 In my distress I called to the LORD I cried to my God for help. it would have sounded like this. and the ganas (attendants) appeared in front of Sveta and Time as Death. the chief attendant of Siva. roared like a lion.16 to 18. one's own Guru." He added. Death bared his fangs." Suddenly. who feeds on men. Nandin derided Yama for his stupidity.19 and find some similarity with the above episode. A Psalm of David to the Lord. priests are expected to honor Gurus starting from Sveta. He roared with laughter that scattered the clouds.8 and 18.
my cry came before him, into his ears.
7 The earth trembled and quaked,
and the foundations of the mountains shook
they trembled because he was angry.
8 Smoke rose from his nostrils
consuming fire came from his mouth,
burning coals blazed out of it. 16 He reached down from on high and took hold of me he drew me out of deep waters. 17 He rescued me from my powerful enemy, from my foes, who were too strong for me. 18 They confronted me in the day of my disaster, but the LORD was my support. 19 He brought me out into a spacious place he rescued me because he delighted in me.
Real-life sage-poet by name Umapati Sivacharya (around 1300 C.E.) in Chidambaram was the pupil of Sveta, child-saint-poet Sambandar, Vyasa, and Siva. Upasana, the Puja rituals. The cardinal features of Upasana (Puja) are as follows: 1) Bhutasuddhi: Cleansing Bhutas or gross elements of the subtle body. 2) Nyasa: By the power of Sound and Mantra, he invokes the spirit to descend on his body. 3) Pranayama: Breath Control. 4) Dhyana: meditation. 5) Chantless mental worship. 6) Japa or chanting of Mantra.
Once body is cleansed and purified, the divine enters the body of the priest, who is Siva himself except that he does not wear matted locks, sport a moon on his crown, have a third eye, and divine lady on his side. The priest has to destroy his papam (sin) next he purifies his subtle body by Pranayama (breath control). He goes on to purify the five elements in his body (bhutasuddhi). The priest activates the Kundalini fire in Muladhara Chakra and takes it through upper Chakras to Sahasrara Chakra for union with the spirit. This rise of kundalini fire power destroys the gross and subtle body, as it were, of the priest. Now the spirit has descended on his body (of the priest) devoid of any worldly taints. The priest is now an ethereal body, devoid of Sthula and Suksma Sarira, and occupied by the spirit thus, the priest has acquired Divya Sarira (divine body). The deity has taken residence in his spiritual heart. For the divine spirit to spread all over the body and organs, he performs Nyasa. (Nyasa follows Butasuddhi.) Nyasa is impressing of the body with fingers and mental appropriation or assignment of various parts of the body to the tutelary deities, according to Monier-Williams. Consider it as a painless form of acupuncture (digital pressure) that infuses divine power where the fingers apply pressure. Here you do not use Acus (needle) but digits come in handy for application of touch and pressure. Digital application (Nyasa) is accompanied by chanting of Mantra and visualization of specific Devata or Bija (seed) Mantra. Sequential touching of the body parts in geographic progression depends on the type of Nyasa. Once Nyasa is complete, the priest transfers the divine in him to the idol, which is known as Avahana (invitation). By Mudras (gestures), he infuses life into the idol (Pranapratistha). Once the worship is over, the god is dismissed from the idol (Visarjana or Udvasa) and Samhara Mudra (expressive gesture of dissolution). Visarjana = discharging, dismissal. Udvasa = leaving empty, uninhabited. The idea of invitation and dismissal of divinity with regards to the idol sounds apparently ridiculous because god is everywhere and he does not need invitation or dismissal. Avahana and Visarjana are confirmation of his presence everywhere. Some points: After the deity is bathed, dressed, decorated and jeweled, the priest keeps all articles near him. He performs ritual acamana, or purification of the mouth before he utters the mantra. He makes a samkalpa (intention) for welfare of any of the entities of the world: that is the purpose of worship. Consecration of water follows by invoking in it the seven holy rivers of India. This Arghya (water offered reverentially to gods or devotees) is used wherever water is necessary for rituals. The priest, Dvadasanta, Niralamba, absorption, and Amrta. The five faces of Sadasiva represent five elements: Earth, Water, Fire, Wind, and Ether. Our body represents five elements: From the foot to the knees, it is earth from the knees to the navel, it is water from the navel to the throat it is fire from the throat to the mouth it is wind from the mouth to the crown it is ether. We are stuck in the mud up to our knees, standing in navel-deep water, roasted by fire in our upper body, fanned by the wind on the face and tortured by Ether. Of all the five elements, Ether is the most subtle and earth is the least subtle. All elements are necessary to constitute this physical body. From the most gross earth to the most subtle Ether, the subtler element controls the one below and Ether is the master of all. They represent all states of matter: Solid, liquid, gas, plasma. Ether is the orchestrator of all elements and also the root or
Stem substance. Water controls earth since it can erode earth; Fire controls water because it can evaporate it; Air controls the fire because it can boost the fire or blow it away; Ether controls the Air because Air abides in Ether. From Ether to Earth, they form a lineage right down the line. Since Ether is the most powerful progenitor of all things physical on this earth and the world, we are its slave; the sense organs exist because of the progenitor substance Ether. Go to Akasa (Ether) POTPOURRI ONE. The function of Ether is Sound if you control its function you attain liberation from all elements that serve Ether. Mantra is the cure for the oppressor substance, Ether. Sound exists in unmanifest Para form to manifest Vaikhari form, articulate speech. Sound <<Click to go to Sound>>>. The first Sound in the Universe is Pranava, OM. In this day of hurly-burly, eat-onthe-go, TV, and other distractions, Kirtana, or Chanting or singing the glory of the Lord is the most efficient tool for the Kaliyuga man to obtain liberation. Or you can use one of the Mantras. Go to Mantra for details. You can chant OM as a generic Mantra, which has no affiliation to any group or religion. Om is older than the universe and religions. Go to >>>POTPOURRI ONE>>> and scroll down to AUM. Dvâtasântam (Dvatasantam / dvadasanta) is the mystic center 12 inches above the crown. Dva = two. Dasa = ten. Anta = edge. two+ten+edge = twelve inches above the edge. This is called Niralamba (a place that hangs without support). What it means is that the mind is disconnected from the world. The Spirit is hanging in a weightless state without the burden of the body. Above the Sahasrara plane is Niraalamba pradesam, a place without support. It is a state where jiva exists without support, props and such. Niralamba = hanging without support. Just imagine the moon hanging out there in space. It means that the mind, having attained realization of the Brahman, is free from connection with material world. Some of the other terms express equivalent state: Samadhi, Unmani, Manonmani, Paramapada, Advaita, Jivanmukti, Niralamba, Amanaska, Advaitama, Niranjana, Sahaja, Sunya, Sunya-asunya, Amaratvam, Jivan Mukti, Parama Pada, laya, Tattva, Suddha Sattva, and Turiya. Dvadasanta is the place where Yogi or priest attains absorption into Siva with the resultant production of Amrta ( nectar), which spreads to the rest of the body upon the return of the Yogi or priest to a lower center. Unmani is a state when mind ceases to exist; in other words the manasness of the Manas or mind ceases to exist. Unmani is mandatory state for Yogi; no Unmani, no Yogi. When Unmani state is attained, the Citta is free from the mind (that keeps it attached to the world) and floats freely in ether. Imagine the free-floating astronauts; the Yogis are "Ethernauts with no fear of cosmic radiation. Siva is worshipped in many forms: Ether, Water, Air, Fire, Earth, the Soul, the Sun and the Moon. He presides over these entities. Sarva Earth form Bhava Water form Rudra Pasupati Soul, Wind/Air Ether /sky Fire form Yajamana form form form Ugra Bhima Isana Sun form Mahadeva Moon form
Sarva is the Lord of Earth who holds the entire universe of mobile and immobile beings (trees).
which is the heat in the body. Because of his divine effulgent form. Soma-Sava is a great YAgam performed to honor the moon. who in return gives milch cows to humanity. the earth. . Eight physical forms of Siva = Eight Lingas = Earth. formless form of Siva and Parvati) at the entrance. Another source tells that moon forms the left eye of Narasimha. thorough-bred breed of horses. Fire. and ferocious force that keeps the inner and outer universe pulsate autonomously. Bhima is the Lord of Space that includes firmament. Earth. Lingam of formless limitless space. formidable. Aegle marmelos) It has a curtain (depicting Arupam. Air. Pasupati is the Lord of Pasus (individual souls) and breaks the bonds or ties that keep the soul from its centripetal march towards the Lord. he is the favorite of all ages. The earth form = Sarva Water form = Bhava Fire form = Rudra wind form = Ugra Sky form = Bhima Yajamana form = Pasupati Moon form = Mahadeva Sun form = Isana. Where ever there is space--between atoms or inside atoms--. water. The idea is that Siva exists in all elements thus he exists in your body. Ugra is the awesome. In this abode. Here is a variation of the same theme. Watering the roots of a tree carries the sap to the branches which blossom and bear fruits in like manner. brave Satputras who observe all religious vows. and intelligent. Rudra is Lord of Fire. He is also the Great Soul or Atman which is more pervasive than all other forms. the Moon. Wind. and a Vel (spear) with golden Vilva mala (a garland of Vilva leaves. which is essential for all living entities. the Sun. waving of lamps. It differentiates elements from one another. the representative objects are the five silver-plated steps leading to the shrine and standing for five letters of Namasivaya. worship of Siva sustains and develops this universe. which is lifted for Arati. one of the Avatars of Vishnu. Bhima: He is worshipped in his formless form (Ether) in Chidambaram Chidambara Rahasyam (the Secret of Chidambaram) is the abode of Akasa Lingam. the sun and other elements and which carries oblations to the gods. Mahadeva is the Lord of Moon which offers nectarlike rays and sap to beings and plants. learned. Isana is the Lord of Sun who "moves in an arch" in heaven and illuminates the universe. Na-Ma-Si-Va-ya.Bhava is the Lord of Water. assuring satiety and fullness to the universe. Ether. a Prabha or arch. and the sacrificing priest. that is Bhima. Water and Sky or Ether. and pervasive space in all entities. fierce. Many Lingams: Configuration of various Lingams are based on the Bhutas or elements: Fire.
Element Fire Earth Wind Water Sky or Ether
Lingam Fire Lingam Earth Lingam Wind Lingam
Place Tiruvannamalai Kanchipuram Kalahasti Jambukeshvar Water Lingam (Trichy) Sky Lingam Chidambaram
When the curtain to Chit Sabah (Hall of Consciousness) in Chidambaram is drawn, what you see is an empty space representing Sky Lingam this is the Chidambara Rahasyam (the Secret of Chidambaram) the Lord exists in all the apparently empty spaces from the atom to the vast spaces of cosmos thus, he is the Cosmic Dancer. The Red Mountain of Tiruvannamalai is the Fire Lingam.
Siva's heroic nature is described by Tirumular in Tirumantiram, Tantra Two as follows: Eight Heroic Deeds of Siva, 0339-0346 Click<<<<Tantra Two>>> for more 1: The killing of Antaka: Antaka, more ferocious than the God of Death and endowed with divine boons, harassed men and gods the celestials lodged a complaint with Siva, who destroyed him with his trident. 2: Beheading of Daksa and xenograft with goat's head: and Daksa was the son of Brahma and challenged the Lord‘s authority. The Lord cut his head off and put a goat‘s head in its place, which should serve as an object lesson and stop others from challenging his universal authority. The Lord‘s feet are all-pervasive and life-sustaining. 3: Brahma minus one head and Mal bled into Brahma's skull: Brahma and Mal (Vishnu) challenged his authority SivaBhairava cut off one of the five heads of Brahma and asked Achuta (Vishnu) to fill the Brahma's skull-bowl with his blood (through Ugra (Ghora) manifestation Bhairava). Vishnu obliged instantly to the orders of Bhairava and slit the artery in his forehead and drained the blood into the bowl, held by Bhairava. Vishnu fainted and fell to the ground from low blood volume and shock, before he could fill the bottomless bowl. Bhairava picked him up, resuscitated him, revived him back to health and let him go. Bhairava went to other gods and extracted payment with blood from them for their arrogant behavior. Bhairava went to Kanchipuram and upon command from Siva distributed the blood among Siva's Ganas (attendants). Siva made him the resident guardian Deity of Kanchi. Upon Siva's divine edict, all worshippers of Bhairava would be absolved of their sins. Thus Siva put all gods in their place. Brahma's head is placed on the right side of Siva for all people to see and Brahma is allowed to partake remnants of offerings made to Siva. Bhairava is seen as the bronze idol in Chit Sabha in the form of Svarna-kalabhairava. His accoutrement and weapons consist of drum, trident, noose, skull, and a dog. He is the destroyer of all sins of those who die the town. Dog is the incarnation of Kundoraran, an attendant-Gana of Siva, who has a pot belly, and is short in stature. 4: Jalandhara's hideous passion for Parvati, resulting in death: Jalandhara was a titan and the son of Varuna. He received
a boon that he would not be killed by anyone. Comment: Jaladhara was very arrogant for he knew that no one could kill him. He found a match in an inanimate object to be his killer. He (Jaladhara) had an eye on Parvati, the consort of Siva and sent a messenger-scalawag Rahu to persuade Siva to give up Parvati for Jalandhara, for Siva, being an ascetic and frequenter of cremation grounds, would not deserve or need a consort. Like a reflex, thunder and flash emanated from Siva‘s third eye. Soon a leonine being with a whip-like tongue and fiery eyes appeared in front of the messenger Rahu. He had the appearance of the man-lion avatar of Vishnu, Narasimha and was ready to devour Rahu, who begged Siva that he being a Brahmin and messenger did not deserve to die and he sought his protection from Siva‘s eye-born manlion. Siva, out of compassion, asked his gana (servant) to leave Rahu alone. Jaladhara, coming to know of Rahu‘s failure to bring Parvati, went to battle Siva, who drew a line around him in a circle, which transformed itself into a wheel. Siva persuaded him to lift the wheel up to his neck, which, being a test of his strength, would make him eligible to fight with him. Jalandhara lifted the wheel up to his neck the wheel spun on orders from Siva and severed his head. That was the end of Daitya Jaladhara. End of Comment. [Ugra: powerful, mighty, terrible. one of the eight elemental forms of Rudra, four being ghora and the other four being Saumya: Ghora aspects, Ugra , Rudra, Sarva, and Asani and Saumya (pleasant) aspects such as Bhava, Pasupati, Mahadeva and Isana. Ghora: Terrible. Aghora: Not terrifying. the southern face of Siva, representing dharma, buddhi, and tattva. Aghora epithet is given to Siva to propitiate him. Rudra: Red one, Red flashing one, Red Roarer, Red Crier. Rud = Red, Cry. The students from the west advance the following opinions on Siva. Vedic Rudra was a Storm-god and the Lord of Cattle (Pasupati) and later was identified as Siva. Siva is the product of major inflow of Pre-Vedic Non-Aryan belief systems into Vedic and post-Vedic Aryan belief systems in the process of assimilation, Siva was born. The Red Flashing One of Non-Aryan tribes became the Auspicious Siva of both Aryan and non-Aryan cults. Rudra-Siva maintained his Ghora and Saumya aspects. Ugra is powerful, mighty and terrible. Sarva is a wielder of lightning (and thunder) and destroys enemies with it. He is an archer with dark hair. Asani strikes with thunderbolt,
lightning or meteorite and terror and fear in the hearts of enemies. Bhava is god of cattle and men, owner of earth, heaven and sky, a protector from jackals, and a destroyer of those who do not offer sacrifices and despise gods. Bhava is becoming in that after destruction, there is new beginning. Pasupati: Pasu is a domesticated animal (typically a cow), while Mrga (Tamil: mirugam) is a wild animal. All animals having lingam or yoni (genitalia) are Siva's creatures. He is the chief or Lord of animals. In Saiva Siddhanta context Pasu refers to the individual soul, who may have the quality of an animal or human depending upon the classification of humans by Tantrics into three types: pasu (animal), Vira (hero) and Divya (divine). Mahadeva: He is the great God. Isana is the god of progeny.] 5. Destruction by fire of Tripura: The Primal Lord wears the sacred River Ganga on his crimson matted locks. The ignorant say that he destroyed three cities, but what he destroyed was a triad of malas: Anava, Karma and Maya. 6. Killing of Demon Gajasura: The celestials lit sacrificial fires, which rose to the heavens out of which came an elephant, Gajasura which attacked Siva on orders from the celestials. Siva peeled the skin of the elephant and wore it as raiment. Siva made the same sacrificial fires to consume them. The kundalini fire rose from Muladhara up the spine to Brahmarandara, and destroyed god of Death himself. That happened in Kadavur. 7.Saving of Markandeya: Mrikandu Muni, a devotee of Siva was asked to make a choice between a stupid son with a long life and a gifted son with a short life of 16 years. He chose the latter and when the boy was destined to tryst with his destiny at the altar of Siva Lingam, Yama came to take his life. Markandeya was praying and the noose of Yama landed around Markandeya and the Lingam he embraced, out of which emerged Siva himself in fury and thunder. Siva killed Death, but later revived him back to life under the stipulation that the youth (Markandeya) would live and remain sixteen for ever. 8. Kama's end: The Lord was seated in yogic meditation. Kama came along to disturb his meditation, but was destroyed by Siva. Comment: Siva, the destroyer, was in meditation for sometime, which resulted in the increase in the population of earth and a heavy burden on Mother Earth. The gods sent Kama (god of love) to shoot flowery Harshana (one of the five erotic arrows) on Siva and disturb his penance at the precise moment he woke up to receive his Divine Consort Parvati. He also by his magical power created an ambience of spring in the air, earth, and trees, conducive to love. Siva woke up from meditation, took one look at Parvati, and could not stop enjoying and articulating his appreciation of beautiful features of Parvati, who, in the privacy of Siva‘s presence, lay bare gracefully, with sidelong glances. Siva felt like two persons, one imbibing the beauty of Parvati and another Yogi of all yogis bent on control of the senses. He felt that if seeing is great pleasure, embracing must offer even greater pleasure. Suddenly it dawned on him that he was stung by Kama ‘s arrows and bitten by love. How could that happen to a Yogi of yogis, who have complete control over their senses? The Paramayogi Siva addressed Parvati in a loving manner and wondered aloud to her, how he became a victim to Kama and how that downfall is harmful to his excellent reputation as the Lord of Vairagya (desirelessness). He advised Parvati, in a spirit of detachment, not to sit by his side on the couch, and looked around for he felt uncomfortable in being aroused. He felt that the Vairagin and Yogi (in him) was associating with a wife of someone else such was the depth of his Vairagya. Kama continued to shoot the arrows at Siva with no effects. Siva's anger was coming to surface. A fire
The sages rake their brains for ideas.rising from the third eye of Siva incinerated Kama into ashes. Daruvana forest. later to heaven. who come close to their wives and the man whose only wear is ash. Why the Phallic Form. Brahma. They lay a curse on him. The anxious sages ponder on the question of pinning down the ambulating phallus. Again Brahma comes up with the solution. That violation bestows on them the onerous sin. the gods enjoy no peace or joy. the phallus at once falls to the ground. almost everything is burnt in its path. netherworlds. That incident happened in Korukkai. The highest form of renunciation. at once sees the hand (phallus) of Siva and his Maya at work. They see the Ash-Man perform unimaginable and perverse antics with his phallus. There is a gleeful melee among the wives to get close to him. is where the devotees of Siva meditate on him. near Badrinath. (based on Sivapuranam. His intent is noble and doing good to the forestdwelling sages pleases him most.) The sages have power in their words. offer prayers and beg her to transform Herself into a vaginal passage to receive. fascinated. and back to earth. The sages and gods rush to Brahma and relate to him the story of wayward itinerant phallus with a trail of raging fire. pervert. A stark naked man smeared with ash all over his body is walking around holding his phallus and doing all unimaginable activities and tricks with it. in a supplicant manner. Brahma tells the sages that they must propitiate goddess Parvati. gather around him. Brahma comes to a shrewd conclusion that the wandering phallus should be immobilized first. and heavens are panic-stricken. fixate and contain the wayward fiery phallus. a philosopher. it is for them to find out who he is on their own. Some actually embrace him and some hold his hands. which will dog them as karma. Some Rishipatnis (the wives of sages or Rishis) are frightened to look at a man with wayward phallus performing antics. Chapter 12) The sages were curious why Siva assumed the phallic form. Other wives of the sages. the Vedic Scholar. Siva is wont to test his devotees by any means that he could devise." Suta continued his story of Avadhuta. fume and froth and challenge him. It burns the ground where it falls and the self-propelling phallus starts moving leaving a burning trail. The Vedic Scholar puts his four heads together and comes to another brilliant suggestion: The sages must find a suitable trap or cage for the meandering phallus. Once the chief Brahmana sage goes deep into the woods to collect twigs for sacrificial fire. Now the sages are not sure about the procedural elements in intromission. It goes to the netherworld. Siva. You violated the Vedic injunctions and moral path. They have no idea and beg Brahma to offer some suggestions. He makes the following suggestions: . Siva Purana in the words of Suta tells the following episode. the Grandfather of the worlds. End of comment. the sages go into grief. none popped up in their sagacious mind. and impressed by the newness of the show. The occupants of earth. (Avadhuta: One who has shaken off from himself worldly goods. feeling and obligation. excited. They look at Brahma. it cannot stay in one place. Linga Puranam. immobilization and containment of the phallus in its natural passage. Let your phallus fall to the ground. Brahma pulls them by the scruff and tells them that they violated the first etiquette of serving a guest (Avadhuta Siva) in midday. "You. The jingle and the jangle attract the attention of the blissfully married sages. "Who are you?" The AshMan does not answer.
From this entity only the universe of beings and matter originate through 36 Tattvas. Aim at pleasing her. that which is perpetual. Siva is Yogin of Yogins. you are the delighter of the universe. There is no prurient or deviant suggestion in this representation. and manliness. How do we explain his dalliance and dawdling? He is the Soul of the universe and all beings are the individual souls who take origin from him. power. the sages and gods take Brahma to Parvati and offer her their salutations and worship. The sages follow these rituals and Lord Siva expresses his delight. This is how the phallus comes to be known as Hatesa and Siva-Siva. You are Akshara. Please. Say the prayers to the Lord as follows: "You are the Lord of gods. The worlds become one happy place. eternal. Satam = sacred vessel. as no other woman can fit the role and this will make his phallus quiescent. Parvati in the form of birth passage and an auspicious arrow will constitute the pedestal in which the phallus will be installed with the chanting of Vedic Mantras. where two opposite polarities come together and present as Linga embedded in a pedestal. propitiate. 7. restoration of balance. The phallus must be cooled and appeased by dousing it with water. from which the whole universe of matter and beings emanate and in which they .) 6. Upon directions from Siva. the consort of Siva. Sata-Viryam = Bermuda grass. protector. the anatomical pudendum and phallus stand for the creative force of Sakti and Siva. 4. sandal paste. becomes sanctified. This merging takes a story form in Puranas. and worship Lord Siva with fragrant scents. 2. the lingam is the phallus and the arrow. vigor.1. prosperity. Chanting of Satarudriya Mantras along with sprinkling of water will immobilize and stabilize the restless phallus." This will bring stability. and destroyer of the universe. incense and food. thus infused and invoked. who has supreme control over his senses. the imperishable. play musical instruments. (The pedestal correlates anatomically to the pudendum. utter Svastyayana mantras and glorify the victory of the Lord. sing sacred hymns. according to devotees of Siva. flowers. it is the compulsion of the homing device of the soul to seek out Siva and merge with him. and lingam to the phallus. Act with love and devotion to goddess Parvati. you are the creator. Vedic Mantras should be chanted and the pot. Pour waters from Tirthas (holy places by the holy rivers) along with sprouts and sprigs of barley and Durva grass (Panicum Dactylon). Fall prostrate at his holy feet. ♂ ♀: If you wondered where circle and arrow came from. meaning that Lingam is ultimate Reality in which everything dissolves and from which everything takes its origin. and happiness to the universe. Lingam is Li and Gam meaning to dissolve and go out. Lingam will offer liberation to the devotees. The allegorical elements represent the pedestal and Lingam. 5. Parvati obliges and accepts to conform to the request. Siva suggests that only Parvati can be the receptacle for his phallus. Satarudriyam: A Vedic hymn addressed to Rudra or Siva in his hundred aspects. Therefore. 3. The circle is the pedestal or pudendum. Draw an eight-petalled mystic diagram (yantra) of lotus and place a pot in the center of it. Svastyayana: mantras recited for good luck. now you know their origin. Remember Siva and offer prayers to the sacred pot.
Swami. Brahma's city of gold graces the summit. and wear robes of rain. Li. unleash their thunder. When Maruts enter. This is an allegory of merging of the individual souls with the Supreme Soul. The Skambha over time becomes Linga which later is associated with Siva-Linga. reduced whole concept of Linga worship in its association with Salagrama-Silai (sanctified natural stone image of Siva) as mere phallism. the Lord of the cattle. The association of Salagrama-sila with phallus comes after the fall of Buddhism in India. Ganga River gracefully falls from its high point and runs down in four directions. Siva Lingam and Salagrama-silai have nothing to do with sex as much as Holy Communion in Christianity has nothing to do with cannibalism. Siva and the resulting product is liberation. and Siva.000 boys who on the advice of Siva became ascetics. Swami raises another possibility: Vishnavas pick up the idea of Stupas from Buddhists and associate stones with Salagrama-sila. roar like a lion. which has at least two meanings: 1. Lord Siva is part of the Hindu Holy Trinity of Brahma. Linga also means ―Sign. who was born of Brahma and is in charge of dissolution of the universe. Sign The meaning has significance in that what leaves the body after death or dissolution and is involved in transmigration of the soul is Lingasarira or subtle body. At Pralaya or dissolution. surrounding which there are eight satellite cities Krishna and Vishnu have abodes on Mount Meru. and Indra as the Aryan counterpart. . and the mountain is supported by and balanced on the seven manifold heads of snake Vāsuki.subside. Meru is the abode of Hindu gods. whose movement causes tremor of the mountain. flash there lightning. Rudra means ―Red and flashing One. Rudra wields 100 weapons and is Pasupati. his fiery breath consumes the whole creation and universe. Deep below the base of the mountain are the seven netherworlds. to go out 2. Some Scholars regard Rudra as a Dravidian god of thunder and lightning.) As Olympus is the mythical abode of the greater Grecian gods. Ancient Greece is known for the festival of Demeter and Persephone and female devotees carrying phalli made of dough and live snakes in procession as icons of generation and regeneration. Tantrics practice codified mantra-driven rituals of sexual intercourse within the confines of marriage. in his erudite rendition of the history of Linga origin. to dissolve and gam. Vishnu. considered as the epicenter of the universe and the abode and playground of the gods. Swami Vivekananda explains the origin of Siva-Linga in a lecture at the Paris Congress in 1900. The bull that carries the sacrificial twigs for such an event becomes the mount of Siva also. David Smith quotes Kanta Puranam (12th Century) that Siva did have a physical relationship with the Rishi's wives and they instantaneously gave birth to 84. Siva‘s image appears usually (in the temples) in the form of Linga. Rudra is later known as Siva.‖ Rudras or Maruts are the sons of Rudra. Axis Mundi) with Eternal Brahman. they raise a ruckus.‖ The sign stands for transcendental power and generative principle. Gustav Oppert. MERU is a mountain. A German Orientalist. (Mount Meru is the Himalayas and the tremor felt is from the manifold head of the snake [of a South Asian subcontinent thrusting] under the Himalayas. says that Atharva Veda Samhita identifies Skambha (Sacrificial Post.
an elephant. Go to YOGI and Kundalini Power for more details. the horns of the moon and the bull are equated. wealth. Intermarriage and social interaction over years helped syncretize and come up with a system of philosophy and practice that is seen to this day. its habitat. Its amphibious life in water and on earth indicates its ease of movement. While the Brahmin priest's attention was engaged in exoteric rites. while the Aryan priest. Moon. It took about 800 years for the Aryans to catch on that the Dravidians had something special that they did not even think of: Yoga and meditation. Matter and spirit come together in Sanatana Dharma. The fire sacrifice to the gods gave the Aryan his fulfillment. enclosing the crown. Bull (Nandisvara) is his mount. Other seals show bulls. three-jeweled headwear. providing nourishment. Moonlight gives the sap in the plants according to Hindus. The Dravidian Yogi was seeking peace. It was not the priest. and pacifying and panegyrizing gods. clouds and thunder. detachment and renunciation (Yoga). Another seal shows worshippers and two serpents with raised hoods on either side of the meditating Yogin.The British discovered some Indus Valley seals (dated C. thus. The bull represents the conquest of life over death. fire. Sanatana Dharma is a syncretic religion peculiar to the Indian subcontinent. and kine from his gods. Snake has the same power of life over death in that death comes in the form of slough and life comes when the snake emerges from the slough thus the bull and the moon and the snake are equated. and Jainism.) depicting a Supreme Persona with three faces and a tumescent phallus sitting in a Yoga posture on a low platform. The Yogi was drawing on his inner strength. happiness. who is considered as incarnation of Vishnu. a rhinoceros and a water buffalo. That is why Kundalini Yoga is Raja Yoga. also means individual souls). who as Mahesvara has three faces. snake and sun.2000 B. was seeking gods in the elements. Campbell believes that renunciation. Joseph Campbell explains the meaning of Bull. the cousin of the Greeks. the Rupa-Arupa representation of Siva. was unique to the Dravidians of Indus Valley that became the central tenet of early Hinduism. the Ksatriyas began thinking about the inner man. sky. children. That was the time (timeless) Upanishads started surfacing on the horizon of Indian thought. In the mythologies of the world. . The Aryans were known for sacrifices. The celestial moon wanes and dies and waxes and resurrects the power of life over death shows in the waxing of the moon. are essential elements in life. earth. Students of Siva and Nandi (Bull) say that the Bull is the theriomorphic form of Lord Siva. The Yogi renounced all. Dravidian Yogis were known for austere penances. The phallus stands for Lingam. solace. The inner fire (Tapas) of the meditating Yogi gave him peace and bliss. but the king who thought deeply about the inner man and the outer world. ether. He has his trident at all times by his side. He wears a trident-like crown with a pair of horns at the base which curve towards the center. and god within himself. the earth and water. This personage is regarded as the prototype of Siva. Buddhism. water. while the Aryan priest was drawing his strength from outside. while the Aryan priest sought (by his sacrifice) health. meditation. both Dionysian and consumptive on the Aryan side and renounciation on the Dravidian side. One such king was the Buddha. Two graceful gazelles face each other in front of him along with a circle of animals surrounding him: a tiger. and consort of Kali. The image impels one to say that Siva is the Lord of animals (Pasu.C. its flicking tongue is fire and heat. the sine quo non of Yoga system and an earlier tradition. who is the Yogin of Yogins. Buddhists like to view this personage as Buddha with two gazelles.
As we said. It is worthwhile to note that Siva's symbols are the trident. And these divinities that are worshiped today in India. of ancient Akkad. and whose Implications have been developed in these glorious philosophies. We have been brainwashed long enough by the uninvited foreigners coming as invaders and occupiers. it has to be from somewhere else. understandably.my note) going back as far as 8000 B. The archaeological record in Iran. the earliest dates that we have for the culture world in India connect with the Dravidian culture in the Indus Valley. Myths of Light. genealogy? Of course. received their civilization from the much older high civilized domain of the Near East. the first and the most ancient composition of the world. it cannot be Indian. and the lingam. which it is. Why do they have to append that European eponym to us? Is it because it is good or bad? Are we not proud of Dravidian and Indo-Aryan culture. It seems clear. there is no way.C. who was. Germans.C. the bull. Iranian. Syria. This is the period. beyond a reasonable doubt. before the "arrival of nomadic .. If it is good. When it comes to caste. Sumer. In genetics and language. just to the west. India has continued and developed an inspiration with respect to a poetic image. Even Dravidians and Tamil. Celtic. it can be purely Indian. from the period of around 2500 to 1500 B. Why did the Aryans not carry memories of their existence outside India. Greeks. at once they lay a claim to it. that traces its roots back to the first of the great high cultures.Here is a statement from Joseph Campbell that says that Siva originated in an alien land and migrated to India. There is no spoken or written records of them in Rg Veda. it is special to India and unlike anything seen anywhere else and a despicable legacy. east and south into India. English. Most interestingly. customs. My note: When the west sees something. that both of these worlds. Just how old are these images? Also. the "Aryan invaders" introduced the caste system in India. a person. civilized race and fine language. and Turkey goes back thousands of years earlier than 2500 B. it must have their imprint in it. find some tenuous connections outside of India or assign its origin to some alien land and people. These are exactly the symbols of Poseidon. the principal divinity of ancient sea-bound Crete.C. religion.--at least five millennia prior to Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. we will swallow our pride and ego and listen to what Campbell says in his book. We have evidence of a recognizable civilization at Catal Huyuk in Anatolia (modern Turkey-. have their roots back there. If there is something good. and the Mesopotamian city--states--the period of Sargon and Hammurabi. are they native to India? This is a very deep and very interesting question and problem. or even gods unique to India. End of passage. page 57. In Egypt it is the end of the Late and beginning of the Middle Kingdom. This is almost as many years as mark the time from India's first civilization to the present. It is disconcerting and ego-deflating since we are Siva devotees. Crete and India. Indians are beginning to question the Aryan invasion theory. mother of languages. it is the period of the great palace period in Crete. and Hindi-speaking North Indians originated in Central Asia and dispersed to the west into Europe. It is the opinion of the west that ancestors of Italians. we are listed as Indo-European. to the order of the world.
Sapphire was wrought into a Linga and given to Vishnu for worship. but a land of immigrants. How true and valid are these statements? India is not our land. their religion. Vasus Magnetic Linga Soma Pearls Ganas All metals Nilarudra Ash Linga Manonmani Scents Pisacas lead Linga worship sustains the mobile and the immobile world. gained. their customs." came from somewhere outside India.Aryans. in addition to the epicanthus. modified. Visvaras worshipped Gold Linga. Ruby Linga was the object of worship for Indra. Can you believe that? Yes. to design and make Lingas according to specifications. The cranial structure of the whites and Caucasoid races (Indians) changed. and augmented some anthropomorphic features of our African progenitors. The following deities worshipped Lingas made of a particular material. 1st type 2nd type 3rd type 4th type 5th type 6th type Momentary Rock Jewels Metals Wood Clay type (Ksanika) 4 subtypes 7 subtypes 8 subtypes 16 subtypes 2 subtypes 7 subtypes Vayu Brass Ananta Coral Camunda Sand Lakshmi Bilva tree Saraswati Jewel Linga Asvins Earth Daityas Iron Linga Mothers Sand Guha cowdung Durga Gold Varuna Crystal Raksasas Iron Linga Nairrti Wood Sages Kusa grass Mantras Ghee Adityas Copper Guhyakas Three metals Yama Emarald Vamadeva Puspa Linga Vedas Curds . we lost. their language. Visvakarma. their gods. as America is! Siva Lingams according to Linga Purana Chapter 74 Brahma the creator of the universe under the Lordship of Siva asked the celestial architect. After the centrifugal African wave. it is true that we all originated in Africa and moved out and on the way to the new place. There are six types of Linga with forty-four subtypes. the whites acquired light skin. the Indians acquired the brown skin and the Asiatics retained and augmented the faint orange-colored skin of their African ancestors. we borrowed everything from people around Euphrates and Tigris river region: their genes. Consider this statement.
The sun is one but appears as many in manifold water mirrors. Hence one should install the Linga in the above manner. though they have myriad forms in their Kingdom. middle Vishnu. Svah and Mahar worlds and then beyond Janaloka he shall go on to Tapas and Satya.Each material of which the Linga is made and consecrated has special powers which the devotee and worshipper enjoys. He is a meritorious soul. the king of serpents. Linga is full of bliss. The man who installs the splendid Linga white as the kunda flower or cow's milk. animal and plant are made of five elements. The following is an extract from Lingapurana translation by The Board of Scholars of Motilal Banarsidass Publishers (page 368-369). O leading brahmins. hear. Yaksas. Brahma. Niskala-Sakala. Family. By touching him or seeing him men attain great bliss. Genus. Mahadeva and Sadasiva. The person who worships the Linga is eulogized by Indra. who is Pranava. There is nothing he is not. Siva is indivisible like ether. Man. Vidyadharas. 26-30. The difference between individuals is mere illusion. The pedestal of the Linga is the Goddess with three gunas. and Sakala. Order. and imperishability. Sivalinga is Niskala for the spiritual man and Sakala for the gross man. or of jewels. External Linga is visible to the naked eye and is the Linga of the external or gross man. Varuna. and individuals. Bhuvah... like lakes. The physical body of Siva is of three types: Niskala. do not see. After eschewing the Lingas of rock. The internal. the pot make it look as many. Agni. or of metals. which can be contained in a pot or present everywhere. and top Rudra. auspiciousness. Kubera. Linga is of two types: External and internal. Siva is also the goddess. shining brilliantly with splendor he gradually occupies and passes through Bhuh. do not hear and anything else perceived or not perceived by the senses is Siva. He shall unhesitatingly pierce the cosmic Egg by means of the large sword deposited in the holy path wherein the Lingas had been installed. along with Skanda and Uma undoubtedly becomes Rudra embodied in human form. Danavas and Kinnaras with the sounds of the divine drum. Siddhas. purity. Yama. subtle or spiritual Linga is perceptible to the Yogin. whom the Saktas worship. puddles. Some . All this plus whatever you see.. or of wood or of clay or of the momentary type he shall establish his entire body in the Linga. Class. his merit cannot be mentioned by me even in hundreds of yugas. Phylum. Sakala form is the visible form. Though ether is one. Jewel Linga fortune Rock Siddhis Metals Wealth Wood Earthly joys Clay Siddhis Root of the Linga harbors Brahma. illuminating them with his own brilliance. in accordance with the injunctions. Species. who cannot conceive anything that does not appear before his eyes. This illusion is a dream which is not real but gave all the experiences. Yogins worship and meditate on Niskala form some the Niskala-Sakala form others with their families the Sakala form.
Indra. Holy rites. Patanjali wrote the manual of temple rites which do not follow the Saiva Agamas. Maharloka.) is superior to thousands of Tapoyajnas which are sacrifice in the form of austerity. the appropriate knowledge lasting as long as the moon and stars and liberation. half female) with four arms giving boons. mothers and sages. Janarloka. But the Niskala (attributeless) body of the lord can be conceived only by the yogin. Meru and the abodes of Devas. the next creation brings him back to earth as a mortal. Isana. traveling in aerial cars to many worlds of Uma. Dhyana (meditation) confers perfect knowledge. surrounded by Bhrgu and goblins. Brahma. The highest form of worship is Dhyanayajna. Japayajna (sacrifice as Japam: derived from Jap = to murmur or whisper chanting or repeating mantras or name of a deity. . the waters of which cured his leprosy. Worship of seated Siva with Uma and Skanda -by making the idol-makes the devotee Siva-like. gifts. Bhuvarloka.along with the daughter of the mountain with his thousand arms or four arms. is all pervasive and remains in the heart of the yogin. King Hiranyavarman took a bath in the Siva Ganga tank. Prajapati. the devotee receives blessings equal to 10 million times the benefits obtained and accumulated by doing all Yajnas. chanting. Siva himself appears in the vision of the Sadhaka. Once his sojourn ends with the dissolution of all living beings.in the form Ardhanariswara (half male. and meditation are sequentially superior. In Dhyanayajna. Siva created Vishnu from his left side Brahma right side Prakrti left side cosmic intellect from Intellect Cosmic Ego from his own Ego. bowing Brahma. Vishnu and Rudra). When Siva is worshipped in his dancing stance-by making the idol. the origin of Tanmatras sense organs from his own sense organs the earth from the base of the foot water from his genitalia fire from navel the sun from the heart the moon from the neck and the soul and heaven from the middle of the eyebrows and forehead. Kumara. Vishnu. the Mythical City of Sivapura built on the peak of Kailasa in Himalayas. He expressed gratitude by bringing 3000 Dikshitars. Worship of Siva has merit whose depth depends on the type. pilgrimages and visits to Devas. History and mythology of Chidambaram: Chidambara Mahatmyam (CM) CM is a collection of local legends and myths and history of the hereditary priests who came to Chidambaram from North India. austerity. He attains SAyujya (union) with Siva. penances. He goes to Siva Puram. When Siva is worshipped-by making the idol. the devotee experiences all the joys of Sivaloka and receives the power of Animaa (ability to assume a minute form).regard Siva as One some as two (dvigunam--Purusa and Prakrti) some as Trigunam (Brahma. The Sakala (one with attributes) and divinely splendid body of the lord is worthy of being conceived by all men. Soma and other Devas. who previously moved to the North. Tapoyajna is superior to thousands of Karmayajnas (sacrifices dominant in holy rites).
The ash represents the essence of the sacred plants. The tripundraka (three parallel ash marks on the forehead) constitutes the essence of Trinity. devotion. pulses. wood. Fire his heart. The forest were full of a variety of trees. the Earth his knees and so on. The sages were known for their generosity. Laghima. Kāmāvasāyitā. ascetics. Ash prepared by Vaidk devotees can be used by all. Siva destroys the universe periodically and the resulting ash is the essence of the destroyed universe. The essence of each element constitutes parts of his body: the principle of Akasa is his hair. Samsapayana and Savarani. The people grew barley.Naimisa forest takes after the eponymous Nimsar on the left bank of Gomati River in Uttar Pradesh. chick peas. waters his hips. The wheel of Virtue broke and instead of spinning all over. Mitrayus. İśitva. They held sacrifices. Mahima. sugarcane.) enlarge Click to There are several sources for making the Ash. birds and beasts. The resulting ash is called Sivāgnija. burn the cow dung of Kapila (brown) cow along with Asvattha. a Suta (rhymes with Soota) born of a Ksatriya father and a Brahmana mother arrived at the forest. It was known for Champaka tree (Michelia champaca). Vaśitva. cows and cattle. The forest was so named because the Asuras (anti-gods. twinkling or winking of eye and therefore connotes time. Naimisha means a moment. sesamum. Prāpti. a pupil of the Mahabharatafame Vyasa and the narrator of the Puranas. A-suras) were defeated in a twinkling by Sage Gauramukha. Aragvadha or Bilva. Vishnu and . and vegetables. paddy. Alternately the twigs can be burnt in Darbha grass fire chanting Siva Mantra. The forest was teeming with people of all four castes. 2/5ths of a second necessary to wink the eye. The ash is sieved through a cloth strainer and the powder is put in a pot (metal. Ash in Sivapurana Bilva/ Vilva / Bael tree (Aegle marmelos. Suta praised the 3000 sages and compared them to Sarasvati and Brahma in their knowledge and study of Vedas. earth or cloth or silk bag). palasa. which he smears all over his body. Romaharshana. Akrtavrana. intelligence. Brahma. Siva worship. a second or fraction thereof. Simultaneously chanting the mantras. Romaharshana is also know as Lomaharashana. flowers. This is the most famous forest where all the Puranas were narrated. Ash is called Bhasma meaning that which is honored or adored controlling the essence of the whole universe. He is one of the greatest sages. pools and lakes. Prakāmya. hermits. forest dwellers. Romaharahana = Roma + harahana = hair + bristling a person whose hair bristles or stands erect obviously Romaharshana is hirsute. beans. Loma = hair. it found its permanent place here. and smearing Vibhuti (Sacred Ash) on themselves as a sign of Siva devotion. Suta had six disciples: Agnivarcas. while Tantric Ash is used only by Tantrics. Sumati. Gurus. Vibhuti also refers to halo and the eight Siddhis of Siva: Anima. Vata.
Rudra. His name. but will return to Samsara (birth and death) on earth again. rainy. The sages asked Madhyanthana Sr. a devotee of Siva. A round dab of ash on the forehead of the disciple is the mark of Siva. Monsoon to mid SEP Asvina &Kartika: mid SEP to mid Autumn mid NOV Margasirsha & Pausa: mid NOV Winter to Mid JAN Southern Southern Southern . The red Tilaka (dot) constitutes the essence of Mahesvara. earnestly about the means of attaining to the feet of Ambikapati Siva. was well-versed in Vedic texts and learnt Panchakshara mantra from his father. and spring months eclipses of sun and moon on the top of the mountains in Siva temples and thick jungles on the banks of the rivers in verdant gardens abounding in fruits and flowers and eats only fruits. Here is a table explaining the seasons. If a Sadaka performs meditation and worship during winter. before he was popularly known as Tigerfoot. the primordial male energy. whose father had the same name. S in Siva is eternal bliss. chilly. Solstice Northern Zodiac Kumbam and Meenam (Aquarius & pisces) Mesh and Rshaba Ritu (season) Sisira Months condition Magha and Phalguna = Mid cold. which entails merging with Siva and no return to this earth. applied by the devotee himself or the Guru. he will attain and enjoy Brahmaloka. it purifies the devotee. and leaves from the jungle. Ash is applied on the body and latter in stripes on the forehead. I Purusa. Va Sakti. Ambikapati = Goddess Ambika's husband. frigid JAN to mid MAR Chaitra and Vaisakha: mid MAR to mid MAY Northern Vasantha Spring Northern (Aries & Taurus) Mithuna &Karkataka Grishma (Gemini & Cancer) Simha & Kanya Varsha (Leo & Virgo) Thulam & Vrischika (Libra Sharad & Scorpio) Dhanu & Makram Hemant (Sagittarius & Capricorn) Gyaishtha & Summer. He will not achieve Sayujya with Siva. Tigerfoot. Siva means the One who controls everything and whom no one can control.) He answered it as follows: The seasons (Ritu) and the year are divided into 6 parts instead of 12 months. the primordial female energy. Hot Ashadha: mid season MAY to mid JUL Sravana & Bhadra: mid JUL Rain. was Madhyanthana. The Naimisa forest sages wanted to know about Sage Vyaghrapada (literal meaning = Tigerfoot). Siva. The devotee must regard the Guru as Siva or Lingam. while Guru helps him cross the ocean. roots. The father brings the son into the world in a physical form and drowns him in the ocean of Samsara.
continued his advice. Kriyai is ceremonial and ritual acts based Agamic prescription. the knowledge that truly knows the oneness of Pati and pasu. To a question by his son. . capable of giving Paramukti. Yogam and Jnanam are higher forms of worship. The four paths start with the physical. he said that Siva is omniscient and the auspicious places for prayers. the bottom being Chariyai and the top Jnanam. The Saiva poets of even Brahmana caste did not discriminate against the lower caste Saiva poets or devotees. Sambandar eulogizes the Brahmins of Tillai as the guardians of virtue. son. and likeness. friend. Go to TANTRA and Siva-Ashtamurthy for more details. while mukti while living is Jiva mukti. The stepladder pattern of ascent from one to another is a measure of spiritual intelligence of the devotee. Yogam is contemplation on Siva. when he worships to Parama Siva (Supreme Siva). The file Siva-Ashtamurthy uses the analogy of a ladder consisting of four steps.slavery to Siva and his devotees. If a Sadhaka wants union with Siva. It is not the mundane knowledge but Siva Jnanam. God is open to access on four paths: Chariyai. Kriyai. In each step the soul relates to Siva in a different manner: slave. The devotees of Siva are affectionately known as and call themselves Adiyar (the footman or the one who serves at the foot of Siva). Jnanam is the most difficult and hard to obtain. Paramukti is supreme Mukti or liberation (release) after death. Adimai . Yogam and Jnanam. Adimai and thondu are some of the qualifications of a Siva devotee. Notes: Bhakti (personal devotion). Service Chariyai Relation with Siva Slave Kriyai Son or child Yogam Friend Jnanam Likeness to Siva Chariyai is manual work of a devotee in the worship of Siva: collecting flowers. meditation and worship are Kailasa in the Himalayan mountains and the Svaymabhu Lingam (natural Lingam and not an artifact) in the Tillai forest in Chidambaram. going to the metaphysical and ending in the transcendental Siva Jnanam. The first three are important paths though Jnanam is the most important. which ensures merger with Siva and freedom from birth and rebirth. Thondu = service to god and men.Madhyanthana Sr. the devotee wanting to be and becoming one with Siva. Offering prayers to other gods is unnecessary. tenders of sacrificial fire and repository of sacred texts. keeping the temple clean and the like. temple worship and ritual are important elements in Siva worship. conquerors of cosmic evil.
Siva and Parvati on the Bull--Tanjore painting .
all sins are destroyed. Red for Ksatriyas. ―Upon your sight. Three Rudraksas should grace the sacred thread five Rudraksas should be worn around the hips. Sahya (mountain range). I opened my eyes to help this universe and tear drops rolled down from my eyes and fell on the earth. each string having 360 beads.‖ Even women and men of all Varnas and Asramas can wear Rudraksa. A Rudraksa of one face is Siva Himself and destroys the sin of Brahmin slaughter by sight. Rudraksa seeds are derived from the tree Elaecarpus ganitrus Roxb that grows in Himalayan Tibet and India and Indonesia.3cm) is the best among them. contact and prayers. mantras and benefits. They were given to the devotees of Vishnu according to their Varna. especially the recited Mantras. Malaya (western ghats). One of three faces confers enjoyment one of four faces is Brahma Himself and wipes out the sin of manslaughter sighting and touching . One should use three beads on the tuft and six in each ear. They have the ability to destroy the sins. The sins of those who wear the Rudraksa have their sins wiped out: morning sins are destroyed by afternoon so on and so forth. Rudraksa plants grew from these tear drops. A coronet of 550 beads is worn by a devotee. Such a person is worthy of worship like me. The one that has the hole drilled is the middling. he assumes Rudra rupa (Rudra form). You will notice many differences. worldly pleasures. Yellow for Vaisya. It sanctifies. that of two faces is Isa Himself and satisfies all desires. Words cannot describe the benefits derived from wearing 1150 beads. Three arm bands of 11 Rudraksas should be worn on the arm. Siva describes the origin of Rudraksa. Ayodhya. and liberation. Rudraksa of the size of Emblic Myrabalan (Amla size >2.Siva and Padma Puranas write on Rudraksa wearing. If one wears eleven hundred Rudraksas. All of them are auspicious. elbow and wrist of each hand. The one with natural hole from pole to pole is the best. They grow in Gauda. Kasi. They are of four types and colors: White Rudraksa for Brahmins. A rosary of 108 beads should be worn around the neck. and black for Sudra. A pious man wears three circular strings in the manner of Sacred thread. Such a person should be addressed. From Siva Purana about Rudraksa Rudraksa = Rudra +Aksha = Rudra + eyes = Rudra‘s eyes. and destroys the sins by sight. ―I have been doing penance for many thousands of divine years (one divine year = 12 earth years). The most favorite seed of Siva is Rudraksa. Rudraksa beads confer upon the wearer benefits. Lanka. Mathura.
thirty on the head. He who wears all these 1000 beads and performs rites punctiliously is worthy of worship like Rudra. expels sin of poor man turns Brahmin slaughter. Wearing Rudraksa of these faces confer these advantages. 12 around each wrist 500 on the shoulders 3 strings of 108 beads each worn as the sacred thread. . Six faces kartikeya seven faces Ananga eight faces Vasumurti and Bhairava lives a full life and becomes Siva with trident. 13 faces Visvedeva 14 faces The Highest Siva nine faces Ten faces Bhairava. into a Lord 12 faces on the hair of head All 12 Suns are there Eleven faces Rudra Victory is guaranteed good fortune and destroys all sins auspiciousness These are the Mantras specific for Rudraksa of various faces.it fulfils four objectives in life. attains the fruits of all desires. Presiding deity is Jnardana Durga of 9 forms. 50 around the neck. One with five faces is Rudra Himself and confers salvation and expunges all sins from adultery and eating forbidden food. Face Mantra one face Om Hrīm Namah Rudraksa 2 faces Om Namah 3 faces Om Klīm Namah 4 faces Om Hrīm Namah 5 faces Om Hrīm Namah 6 faces Om Hrīm Hum Namah 7 faces Om Hum Namah 8 faces Om Hum Namah 9 faces Om Hrīm Hum Namah 10 faces Om Hrīm Namah 11 faces Om Hrīm Hum Namah Om Kraum Ksaum Raum 12 faces Namah 13 faces Om Hrīm Namah 14 faces Om Namah Another auspicious procedure is wearing one bead on the tuft. 16 around the arm on each side.
Padma Purana says the following in Chapter 59. by wearing 100 million. Notice the differences between Siva and Padma Purana. If an animal chokes and dies on a Rudraksa it receives Rudrahood. The sight of a devotee with the garland of Rudraksas drives out evil spirits. charms and spells. Siva. ghosts. Ganapati. one derived from conjoined berries are to be avoided. Wearing Rudraksa with various mouths (faces) destroys sins as follows. at the root of a tree. when he killed demon Tripura in Kritayuga. witches. cremation ground. one mouth (face) 2 mouths Siva Vishnu 3 mouths Fire Prarabda karma is destroyed. and crossroads gives success. Vishnu. seasoning herbs. Devi. No diseases in the goes to Kailasa goes to heaven abdomen never defeated 6 mouths 7 mouths 8 mouths God Vinayaka worn on right arm equal to Ananta Himself born never defeated like resistant to poisons intelligent adept in Kartikeya virtuous sins of adultery letters sins of Parvati the giver of with his teacher's adultery with his boons acts like his wife expunged teacher's wife mother expunged 4 mouths Brahma himself adept in religion and secular knowledge 5 mouths Rudra's son honored by gods in front of Siva over millions of kalpas Lord of beings 9 mouths Sovereign emperor 10 mouths Bhairava Himself sin of killing millions absolved serpents perish honored like Indra in heaven he is Ganesa Himself. or in a house muttered with the Rosary are beneficial. broken one. or the sun on a clean surface. the sun and other gods are pleased with the devotee with Rudraksa garland. "Merit upon seeing Rudraksa increases by 100. his desires are not realized. A Rudraksa without a mouth (face). and chanting the hymns billions.000." Wearing Rudraksa on one's body cancels out all impious acts and erases all sins. one eaten by an insect. Rudraksas were formed from the drops of perspiration of Siva. Rudraksa garland and ash please Siva. what about human beings? Just holding Rudraksa absolves the holder of all sins. pork and refrain from drinking liquors.A votary of Siva should not eat meat. . Ganesa. Mantras in praise of Vishnu. Absolves one of absolves the sin of Brahmanacide and Brahmanacide killing cows homicide of a woman are excused. Siva. garlic. A Rosary made by a person for himself either in a loose or separately-tied fashion is recommended. a cow pen. He answered. If Mahadeva is worshipped without Rudrakasha and ash. The one strung by a Sudra or lower classes is impure. who was hiding in the intermediate zone between earth and heaven. Pisacas. Use of Rosary with muttering of Mantras in praise of goddess in a vacant house. When Skanda asked Siva its benefits.
Vaktra = face 1 mouth Om Rudra ekavaktrasya 2 mouths Om kham dvivaktrasya 3 mouths Om ambum trivaktrasya 4 mouths Om hrīm caturvaktrasya 5 mouths Om hrām pancavaktrasya 6 mouths Om.or face-specific Mantras chanted while wearing the Rudraksas. The merits without recital of hymns are mentioned before. the merits obtained while wearing and reciting the mouth-specific mantras are beyond numbers and imagination. 12 mouths 13 mouths 14 mouths worn around his neck fire and fulfills all desires diseases do not sin of killing of wear it on one's affect him the sin father. He who dies while wearing a rosary of Rudraksas or just one Rudraksa becomes the follower of Siva.000 cows to a Brahmana. Sakti. . (elephants) is destroyed. mother. head he is the of Killing siblings or teacher darling of gods endangered species is expunged. Ganapati or the sun. eternally lives in Heaven Equal to Hara Equal to Rudra These are the accompanying mouth. ekamukhi = one mouth. He who recites the Mantras to himself or for others or listens to such Mantras or causes others to listen to them becomes free from all sins and goes to heaven.God-like pleasure enjoys heaven in all three worlds 11 mouths wears it on the topknot equal to merit of thousands of horse sacrifices millions of sacrifices equal to a gift of 100. hrūm sadvaktrasya 7 mouths Om hrah saptavaktrasya 8 mouths Om kam astavaktrasya 9 mouths Om jūm navavaktrasya 10 mouths Om aksam dasavaktrasya Om srīm 11 mouths ekadasavaktrasya 12 mouths Om hrīmdvadasavaktrasya Om ksom 13 mouths trayodasavaktrasya Om nrām 14 mouths caturdasavaktrasya A man who wears Rudraksas of all mouths is equal to Siva Himself.
Goddess Lakshmi. The eight Vasus are the personifications of natural ph Eight Face the Pole-star. god of beginnings. the Creator. There are several instances of the people rising from death after a Sadhu or holy man sprinkled ash on the dead body. which are sprinkled over the head since Mosaic times. Ganesa. Two face Ardhanarisvara: Androgynous Siva-Sakti. mixed with milk and taken internally to cure diseases. Three Face Sarasvati. Rarely available. Vibhuti: Vibhuti = Vi + bhūti = Apart + existence. Krishna Eleven forms of Siva (SB 3. Blessed ashes stand for mourning and penance and thus the observant remains in sackcloth and ashes. Manu. It is said that Siva applied ash from Sacrificial fires from Vedic times and thus the practice began among the votaries. U Eleven Face and Dhrtavrata. Roman Catholics and Ashes Ash Wednesday (Day of Ashes). the location of Ajna Chakra. the faces between the rills.Here is a table that explains the Rudraksa seeds. Five Face Rudra. Dhava or Dhara for earth. Pratyu Nine Face Durga has Tejas of all gods.12. Mahinasa. the associated deities and the benefits. Fourteen Face Siva: This bead is worn on the forehead. Four Face Brahma.12). 17. Anala for fire. It is not uncommon for the nuts to be powdered. Ashta Vasus. Anila for wind. Siva. Thirteen Face Visvadeva (Indra) and lesser gods provide fortune and happiness. manifest. Warrior god. Six Face Kartikeya. The four-faced Brahma. marking the onset of Lent (spring) is the Roman Christian tradition of 40-day period of fasting and penance and wearing ash from burnt palm fronds of previous year‘s Palm Sunday celebration of triumphal entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem. the God / Goddess and the benefits face between the rills (trenches) One Face Lakshmi rupam. God of maintenance. Brahma-Vishnu-Mahesa-The Triad. Different Mukhi Rudraksha. Seven Face Saptarishi (Seven Rishis). Mahaan. Rtadhwaja. God of destruction. 9“A man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of . reveal = Apart from existence = Holy ash. Num 19:9-10. Twelve Face Vishnu or Sun whose chariot passes the 12 points of the Zodiac. son of Siva. Ten Face Vishnu. Goddess of learning. The followers partake the sufferings and sorrows of Christ. Manyu. Soma for moon.
Ash is pure and has undergone test by fire." People may use ash bought in the religious store. The Biblical act for repentance is to wear ash and sackcloth. adherents of Vishnu. Fasting and wearing ash have survived to this day. put some ashes from the burned purification offering into a jar and pour fresh water over them. As in Hindu religion.the heifer and put them in a ceremonially clean place outside the camp. Guruvayurappan (Lord Krishna in Guruvayur in Kerala) is seen with the U mark on his forehead. Sandalwood paste is used on various parts of the body for Sandhyavandanam and postUpanayanam worship. Preparatory rites involve using of sandalwood paste and its distribution to the votaries as Prasadam at the end of ceremony. Red Pottu (Kum-Kum) is the sign of a happily married women. All matter (Panchabhutas) is perishable revealing the underlying eternal Parmatman. Votaries belonging to Mādvachārya sect wear sandal paste vertical line on their forehead instead of red line. Red mark is worn by men also. Three horizontal white ash stripes (Vibhuti. They shall be kept by the Israelite community for use in the water of cleansing. and to dust you shall return. Vaishnavites. wear three vertical lines (right). . Vadakalais wear U Namam. or black most of the time. Shaivites apply bands across their foreheads (left). sit in dust and ashes and sprinkle dust and ashes on one's forehead. Tripundaram) on the forehead along with the red dot below the stripes (see picture) are the mark of Saivites. it is for purification from sin. People are encouraged to abstain from meat during the whole period of 40 days. 10The man who gathers up the ashes of the heifer must also wash his clothes. This will be a lasting ordinance both for the Israelites and for the aliens living among them. and he too will be unclean till evening. Ash from the dead bodies was worn in primitive times to remind us about the impermanence of life on earth and the reality of death. Horizontal and Vertical Markings The distinctive head markings (namas) identify the sects of Hinduism. and colors The forehead mark is white. red. To be attached to the impermanent body and not to the eternal soul is the paradox of mundane living. using his thumb and saying. three vertical stripes (Namam) the sign of Vaishnavites. greed and possessiveness have no place in the world. "Remember you are dust. (who is the hypostasis of all that exists). Siva smearing himself with Ash is the reminder of impermanence of the five elements and the underlying eternality of Brahman. 17“For the unclean person. The priest puts on the forehead the sign of the Cross with the ashes. Tenkalais wear Y Namam. all impurities should be rendered into ash. black Pottu (dot) the sign of the black moon and the premarital virgins with sexual purity. ash is a reminder of death and our (soul's) mortality. worshipping Mother Goddess (Saktas). Ash as a symbol of nothingness brings home the point that all objects that give a feeling of I and Mine in the world eventually come to end. made of sandalwood paste and saffron. thus. Body is burdened with impurities (Malams) while the individual soul by itself is pure. Ash is the remains of the body and what remains after the body is the immortal soul. The Stars (dots) and Stripes.
com) A Muth and its Swamiji are the nucleus of cultural. spiritual and philanthopic activities Shown above: Picture of Swamiji of Shirali Muth Tranquil physiognomy Eight Vibhuti stripes on body .Happiness in tranquility (credit: kamat.
com .com Namam and its locations Vaishnavite priest. three in each arm.Forehead. neck. Credit Kamat. credit: kamat.
credit: Kamat.com Giggles and smiles Black Pottu (dot) averts evil.Heaps of vermilion Note his Sandal paste marks on Visuddha and Ajna Chakras Kum-Kum Vendor. curious or jealous eyes.com . Black Pottu on the forehead of young girls. Credit: Kamat.
com Credit: Kamat.Scintillating ebullience Red Pottu (dot) of married women credit Kamat.com .
Same is true with tri or three. (Later. Bhrū = Brow. (Tri = three) They also indicate the opening of the eye of wisdom in Bhrumadhya (spot between the eyebrows. Madhya = mid point.com) Sacred Ash are of three types: Karpam. Indo-Europeans) They were brewing a . Anukarpam is the ash made from the cow-dung picked up from the pasture lands. an European and an Englishman were linguists 5000 years ago. The origin of words and numerals: The view of Devabhāṣya School (Sanskrit language revealed by devas).Grace and dignity in loss: Woman sans vermilion (Widow) Credit (kamat. Anukarpam. Here is a story of the word Bhrū. Sanskrit Bhrū is cognate with brow. somebody called them. now you know the British and Europeans won't know what to call the arched cluster of hairs above the eyes until taught by the Sanskritist. A Sanskrit scholar. and Upakarpam. Upakarpam is the ash prepared from the ashes left behind after forest fires and the ashes in the brick kiln. These marks teach the devotee of all sects that he should remove the triads from his system. Karpam is the ash made from cow-dung caught as it drops by hand and prepared according to Agamic rites.
sitting by the fireside. " Man (Manas-thinking animal).liquid concoction by boiling some unnamed leaves brought by the Sanskritist and enjoying its bouquet. "Tri". pointing to the European) from up there. BhrU = Brow." Sunya became ciphr. The observant Englishman said. The Sanskritist continued. There was a brisk wind. All including the doctor blinked their eyes and looked blank. The Sanskritist ( the Brown Guru) came to the rescue and said pointing to the eyebrow. pointing to the three lice and counting louse." All practiced the intonation of the word. and for it I realized that all its aspects were studied in Egypt. Null by the time. Joseph Campbell says that Greeks are the cousins of Indo-Aryans. it spread around the world. made visible by the divine. (Greeks. That is how the words. and said. sifr. louse with his fingers." The Sanskritist and the European saw white flakes and scales on the hair of the Englishman and said." The European saw three lice taking a straddling unsteady walk between the hairs on the head of the Sanskritist. They were stuck as to what to call the silvery scales.dubbed as Brown Aryan) is taking a stroll on the arch of hairs above the left eye of this (man. All agreed to call those flaky white silvery scales. The Sanskritst ran out of patience and asked the Englishman. Syria. "Mama nAma PujAri. They had problem explaining what the problems were. Manas = (Mind) Man. following my introduction. . "that little walking thing of your color (pointing to the Sanskritist. right away. Nada. louse. "We call this BhrU. "this (man) has louse. The doctor recommended applying the same brew they were drinking to the scalp for the dandruff. They got that right. They were forcing the wind by the closed lips and vibrating the lips 10 times a second." They all went to the doctor for consultation and treatment. zero. They could not get it right the first few times. cipher. the knowledge of the art very much appealed to me before all others. My nAma (name) is Daniel Druff. louse. The Sanskritist saw a head louse taking a stroll on the left eyebrow of the European. Zero and Dandruff entered Indo-European languages. Greece. What is your NAma". Three (Tri). The Sanskritist from India was dubbed later to belong to DevabhAsya School claiming that Sanskrit is the origin of the so-called Indo-European languages. you are alpha and omega of Human Anatomy. The Englishman said. Brow (brU). They were the first ones to name parts of the body precisely. they have SUnyA (empty = 0) louse. They were cured. Name (NAma). (pointing in the direction of Europe). to the nine digits of the Hindus. There. zilch.) They (man-men-manas = thinking animal-thinking animals-mind) were thinking up words. Tri = three. BhrU. Eventually they got it right. Fibonacci says the following about Hindu numeral system." All got the idea instantaneously. aroma and flavor. and on the lice. The Sanskritist pointing to himself said. as a consequence of marvelous instruction in the art. NAma = name. "this thing on your hair is like this (pointing to the white color of the Englishman). The brisk wind carried several flakes of the Sanskritist's dandruff and deposited them on the Englishman's head. How could you spread nothing around the world? That is the beauty of zero of Devabhasya School. DevabhAsya = Divine revelation. The Sanskritist continued to speak. louse walking on head between the hairs. mistakenly called Arabic numerals today. "Now that we know that the doctor and the Englishman do not have louse on them. A louse from the head of the Sanskritist jumped and landed on the eyebrow of the European. Man (manas -thinking). DanDruff.
It depicts the transcendence of rising above the three gunas: Sattva. They and That (matter) are parts of God. Such a devotee becomes the temple of God and becomes the man of the universe. with their varying methods. and at these places thereafter. a sign of internal purity. He. 3. The forehead is an important locus in the body by which a person distinguishes himself by his Jnanan (spiritual wisdom). She. The eradication of karma is known as Irruvinaioppu. and Tamas. two upper arms. you are taken for a ride of life and death in the ever-revolving metempsychosis. neck and chest. You are out and cast into the world of misery of birth and rebirth. An aspirant cannot approach God with the feeling of ego. and Kanma Malam—I-ness and mineness. two elbows. illusion. The stripes indicate the removal of Ego. Adhidaivika). by which a man transcends and rises from the secular to the spiritual sphere. Null Karma is the object and that is Iruvinaioppu.pbs. the cradle of the human race." http://www. the birthplace of human speech. Maya Malam. You may even flaunt your good conduct by wearing the badge of three stripes on nine parts of your body: forehead. Ignorance and Bad Karma. earning the three stripes. Good karmas lead to good fruits and good life and bad Karma gives bad fruits and suffering in this world. Ajna Chakra. which guarantees no birth. Our most valuable and most constructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only. endogenous misery and theogenous misery (Adhibautika. That glabellar locus (Bhrumadhya) is the 6th locus in Adhara Yogam of Kundalini. and the great grand mother of tradition. which are a badge of honor. adhiatmika. Mummalam (three impurities: Anava Malam. "India is.org/previews/storyof1/ 1. Having a load of Karma means life on earth. Mark Twain says. Ego comes between you and the next person and also between you and God. With three strikes against you. treating all equally. If one has ten good karmas and five bad karmas. Rajas. and Provence. 2. "I" and "mine. You could get out of this Ferris Wheel of life and death by reducing Ego. As the person acquires external and internal purity there is no need for demonstrative signs on his body like ash stripes." There is only one "I" in this world and that is the "I" of God. It brings relief from three miseries of human existence: Exogenous misery. Three Strikes and You're Out If you are convicted of Ego. You. Removal of spiritual ignorance is the beginning of the descent of Jnanam (spiritual knowledge and wisdom) into your soul--Saktinipatam).Sicily. whether it is good or bad. meaning that both good and bad Karmas are brought to naught (equilibrium) individually. two wrists. External purity and the advent of internal purity have begun. while on business. Siva has taken an abode in his heart. selfish acts. the grandmother of legend. it does not mean a positive balance of good karmas would preclude his birth into this world. the mother of history. and showing off your rank by applying the ash on the forehead as three stripes. Ignorance and Bad Karma into ash. . Spiritual Ignorance and Bad Karma.
Siva's temple in Tiruvaiyaru is eulogized as the place of five tirthas (holy waters): Surya Tirtham. and Water from Ambal's breast milk. He did not have a vessel to carry the water. He had no stored food on hand and so went on his stealthy way in the forest to bring a game as food for him and Lingam. grape used for anointing idols) and pancha-patciya-paramAnnam ( = A sumptuous feast with dainties of five kinds. it was nothing less than the special fare served to Him in the form of PanchAmrta (A mixture of five delicious substances usually plantain. Here Nandi is known as Adhikara Nandi. For Siva. Kavir River. which Siva accepted with relish. Here is a real life story of a hunter offering worship to Siva. Soon he was on his way to the Lingam to serve the meat. A hunter becomes the forest priest. Bhakti is a mental state and not a stickler to codified rituals and ceremony. sugar. He was not a man known for niceties and codes of worship. down and dead was the wild boar. leaves and debris of forest. he did the next best thing by carrying the water in his mouth. slap and stroke as if they were massage therapy. Soon enough he heard a grunt and saw a wild boar digging the forest floor with his snout. He knew what Lingam was. honey. which amounted to ritual ablution. The test was a pass. Siva the omnipresent Lord felt exhilaration throughout his Body and enjoyed each rub. He cleared the leaves and used his footwear to do a fine job of removing the dust and debris from the Lingam. A hunter was trudging the forest floor for a game. Siva accepted the unconventional ablution with utmost satisfaction as if a codified ablution was performed with accompaniment of Namakam and Samakam (Vedic hymn addressing Siva and Vedic hymn praising Siva. ghee. The hunter not satisfied yet with the dusting wanted to wash the lingam with water. . He was hungry and felt that Lingam also must be hungry. He spat the water out of his mouth on to the lingam. A stone flew out of the hand of the hunter. unaware of its lurking mortal enemy. water in the foam in the mouth of Nandi. and the need for offering worship. Chandra Tirtham. he came across an unattended Lingam covered in dust. Siva did not consider the hunter's use of foot wear. On his weary path. He ripped the flesh with his bare hands and sampled it for palatability. saliva-stained water for ablution and game meat as offensive and accepted his Supreme Bhakti stand on its own merit before Him. He knew his topography and dashed to the nearest river he always used for bathing and drinking.
he is absolute or Nirguna Brahman--Brahman without attributes. As you see here. all apparent connections are through the intermediation of Sakti. He is Water. Parameshvara has the connection with matter through Sakti. A-Tattva (Beyond Tattva). 1st perfection. The following are other epithets. Siva has three levels of perfection: Supreme Siva. Paramatman or Supreme Atman. Niskalatattva = the Tattva without Kala or Prakriti. absorption. SivaLinga. Absolute Reality. Ether and Sky. Brahman without Parvati). Supreme Siva is Atattva (Not THAT. Supreme Siva. . he is whole. Niskala (No Kala [parts] = No manifested Sakti). Asabda (No sound = beyond sound = unmanifest sound). This chasm can be traversed by Sakti. undifferentiated Brahman. there is no physical connection between Siva and matter. Fire. meaning he has no parts. Siva is Niskala. Air. Niskriya (No action = actionless). not matter). Tattvas. union. Parasakti and Parameshvara. there is no connection between 1st perfection and matter. Let me explain this apparent contradiction. Nir-vikalpa Samadhi (absence of differentiation. Yes. Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without attributes or ParaBrahman. Amanaska (without Manas or mind). Atattva is NOT mutable. he is undivided. and matter on the other hand.Saiva Siddhanta believes that there is a chasm between Pure Consciousness of Siva on one hand and Maya. while Tattvas (matter) are mutable. nondual state between Yogi and Brahman).
manifest Brahman --clinical Brahman. Rudra. Svarloka. and is beyond attributes and imagination? Lingam is that aniconic Icon. The Supreme Paramasiva (Parabrahman Siva) lives in Satyaloka.the anthromorphological form as an idol of Lord Nataraja. Bhuvarloka and Bhurloka.Horizontal relationship among other entities and sects Nirguna Brahman = Supreme Narayana (Adhi Narayana) = Parasambhu Siva = Brahmamayi (Here you get an instance where attributeless undifferentiated Brahman becomes Clinical Brahman [Saguna Brahman. Siva of Saivites. Paramasiva is the abiding place of all Devatas. Anadi Lingas are present at Vaidyanatha. Also it is known as swyambhu or self-existent. Linga. Parasakti: 2nd perfection. Siva-Sakti. and ether. has connection with matter through Sakti. SivaLinga: How do you represent an entity that has no form.) Their common ontologic superior is genderless non-sectarian undifferentiated Para Brahman or Nirguna Brahman. Vishnu. Sivalinga is Parasiva (Supreme Siva beyond all forms and qualities. aniconic image usually set in on a circular base. AnAdilinga = Anadi + Linga = without beginning + Linga. Sa-vikalpa Samadhi (Duality between object and Subject [Yogi and Brahman]. Sabda Brahman or Sound Brahman. Brahman with attributes] who can be any of the following depending on the sect of the worshipper: Vishnu of Vaishnavas. The base (Pitha) represents Parasakti. . air. the "semi-form" – the semi-anthropomorphological form as the Crystal linga of Chandramouleswarar. the Nishkala thirumeni. This is where Siva. or Devi of Saktas (worshippers of Mother Goddess. Saguna Brahman with maya Parvati). water. an empty space within the sanctum sanctorum. whose abodes are Tapoloka. elliptical. Sat-Chit-Ananda (Sachidananda. Isa. Sakala Siva with attributes and actions. Being-Consciousness-Bliss). Paramapurusa (Supreme Purusa). who maintains the portfolio of destruction. It is the rounded. Sambhu lives in Maharloka. Tarakesvara and Chandrasekara (Chittacong). or Pitha.) Paramesvara: 3rd Perfection. Anadhilinga is supernatural Linga-shaped outcroppings as a natural formation from the earth. differentiation. preside over the five elements respectively: Earth. according to Lexicon in Dancing with Siva by Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami. These are not fashioned by human hand. called the Sakala thirumeni. consisting of parts as opposed to Niskala). Alinga. Lingalinga the "form" . the Sakala nishkala thirumeni. the "formless" – as the Space in Chidambara Rahasyam. and Brahma. Saguna Brahman (Brahman with attributes. Sakala (many forms. Sadasiva. Janaloka. fire.
Rajas and Tamas assume an ontological status in Brahma. He is the First One to say. which is beyond the senses. When the five senses (vision. Epithet of the fundamental material substance. Eyes have never seen this form. the spiritual world that lies beyond the grasp of the senses comes into access. therefore. Alinga is One without Mark. Just like Washington Monument is an abstract form of President Washington.Alinga . the First I in the Universe. unmanifest. sense organs and subtle elements). Beyond avyaktam is the entity who is all-pervasive and devoid of any mark (alinga). mind. is the First God. indriyas and Tanmatras (intellect. the essence of the mind. manas. wakes up to become manifest and fecund upon the glance of the Lord Mahesvara. sustenance. sandalwood. ego. and in their roles. The monument. hearing. everyone decided. Linga status marks manifest Isvara. and It. primordial. that is the highest state (Paramam). taste and speech. which cover everything in the Universe. they are called Alinga. Siva and Sakti is a unitary force from which the First I (through Sakti) became He. distractions make yoga come and go. Knowing him brings liberation and immortality. Linga is an abstract form of Siva and a generative principle. it is not subject to samsara.: The Great Supreme Vyaktam (manifestation) is beyond the ancient atma Mahan. He is the Father of all beings. there is fire. and Rudra under the aegis of Mahesvara for creation. the Supreme is not tainted with these factors. When you see Washington Monument. The serpent represents Sakti-Kundalini. This is yoga. I or One became many. the latter is beyond the mind. Linga. The three white stripes. Linga consists of prakrtic elements such as buddhi. which is beyond intelligence. The question comes up why Lingam is the way it looks. She. the unmanifest matter. it is avyaktam. according to Saivites. undifferentiated. Thus. and Yoni (the womb). thus Linga means phallus. If there is smoke. Another view: The three qualities of the insentient and the sentient. When the prakrti-bound senses and the mind come to an arrest. Vishnu. that is the sign of Siva. the entity which cannot serve as mark for inferring the existence of something else. Lingam is an obelisk well grounded in a labial vestibular pedestal and the aniconic form (Niskala) of Siva. "Aham" meaning I. Let me explain. the causa sui. the Non-Mark. Linga is Mark and the Mark of male is Phallus. Sattva. the causa finalis. it needs control of the senses. Siva. touch and grasp) and the mind come to a standstill and the intellect does not stir.--Indopedia definition. and Lingalinga. Mahesvara pervades them all. though the monument does not look anything like Washington. The Linga and the icon: . Mental focus helps apprehend Reality. while Alinga status carries no marks and is unknowable. mind and (spiritual) wisdom. and the serpent at the base of the lingam have significance. you think of Washington. should be stupendous and elegant to honor the First President of the young nation. There was no one else in the universe except His Sakti (Power by His side). He can be known by (spiritual) heart. Prakrti. The smoke is the sign that fire is present. He is Pradhana (primordial unmanifested matter). red dots. noumenal state.A = not + Linga = mark. Bija (the seed). ahamkara. and dissolution of the universe.
Skanda Purana Chapter 13 tells that anyone who abandons worshipping of Siva. : 1) Sakala Thirumeni. Mahesa is Sakala form. Linga material. 2) சகல நிஷ்கல திருமேனி. anyone abandoning them and . having body parts. Threefold Siva: Some others look at Siva in three forms: Mahesa. what you see is an empty space representing Sky Lingam. 3) நிஷ்கல திருமேனி = 1) the Form: Anthropomorphic Sacred Body of Siva in the form of an idol. Earth. where all Tattvas merge into transcendental Singularity. Water and Sky or Ether. Sadasiva is Misra rupa (mixed form). Element Fire Earth Wind Water Sky or Ether Lingam Fire Lingam Earth Lingam Wind Lingam Place Tiruvannamalai Kanchipuram Kalahasti Jambukeshvar Water Lingam (Trichy) Sky Lingam Chidambaram When the curtain to Chit Sabah (Hall of Consciousness) in Chidambaram is drawn. whether you know it or not.SivaLinga is attributeless Nirguna Brahman. a clinical form. abandons the nectar from his hand and chases a mirage. thus he exists in your body. Sadasiva. they are Rudra and Ambika. 3) the formless. Wind. Thus you body is sacrosanct. both with and without attributes. The Red Mountain of Tiruvannamalai is the Fire Lingam. the Father and the Mother. and 3) Nishkala Thirumeni [1) சகல திருமேனி. Many Lingams: Configuration of various Lingams are based on the Bhutas or elements: Fire. In Dance festival (Nritotsava = Nrit +Utsava = Dance Festival). this is the Chidambara Rahasyam (the Secret of Chidambaram). and their respective mantras. It is point of coalescence and condensation with no mass. Linga Worship by gods and others. and Nishkala Siva. he is the Cosmic Dancer. thus. therefore. the crystal Linga of Chandramoulisvarar. The idea is that Siva exists in all elements. it is the (Ananda Tandava) Bliss Dance by Nishkala Siva. Siva sports three forms in another variation of the same theme. Nataraja is the Saguna Brahman. This universe is Siva and Sakti marked with Linga and Bhaga. the clinical Entity with attributes and the wielder of all Tattvas and Prakrti. 2) Sakala Nishkala Thirumeni. "Akash-Lingam" (= Ether Lingam) or the vacant space in Chidambara Rahasyam in the inner sanctum in Chidambaram. as the Space. Nishkala (Nirguna) Siva has no form or attributes and is full of Bliss. Nataraja or the Lord of Dance 2) the Form-Formless: Semi-anthropomorphic form. the Lord exists in all the apparently empty spaces from the atom to the vast spaces of cosmos. it is called Ananda Rupa (Bliss form).
the Lingas they worship. Brahma Sanaka Saptarishis Indra Krishn a Darbha (black) Linga Linga The Sun The Moon Fire god Sapphire Linga Sukra Ruby Linga Hataka linga Jagatpradhan a Adamantine Copper Pearl Linga Linga Linga Visvayonika Visvatman Visvasrj Jagatpati Visvesvara Visvakarman The Guhya Mother Raksasas Jaigisavya s s Golde three Silver Brass Bell-metal Lead Brahmarandh n metal iron Linga Linga Linga Linga Linga ra Linga Linga Linga Jagatam Sambh Svayambh Bhutes Bhutabhavyabhavodbha Isvara Yoga Yogesvara Pati u u a va Kuber Visvedev Wind Vasus a as god Nimi Dhanvantari Linga s in his Gomaya linga two eyes Sarvalokesvaresvar Sarva a Gandhravas Raghava Timber Linga Lapis Lazuli Linga Bana Varuna Nagas Emeral Crystal d Linga Linga Coral Linga Sarvasresth Jagajjyesth Paramesvar Lokatryamkar Vasistha a a a a . The Mantras constitute Satarudriya (100 names of Rudra or Siva). The god who worships Siva--the First Vertical Column. and the mantra japas. This is not a full list--listed 58/100. the celestial carpenter. Verses 144b-194 indicate the beings. The name of Siva (one among many) that the god worships--the third vertical column. The material that goes to make Linga--the Second vertical column.making offerings to manes has less merit. Visvakarman. is the designer and manufacturer of Lingas of disparate material for the Devas to worship.
wealth. . and liberation). He brings all three worlds to his devotee. love.Bharati Bali Linga of Jasmine plant Taralinga Sangamavrta Manasa Linga gleaned Linga grains Lokatriyasrita Jagannatha Sadurjaya Kamamrtyujaritiga Jnanatman Sani Ravana Sidddhas Maricipas Flower Linga Jnanagamaya Kapila Valukalinga Varada Devas Gold Linga Sitikantha Kama Saci Viswakarman Vibhisana Jagary Linga Salt Linga Prasada Linga Dust Linga Ratida Babhurukesa Yamaya Suhrttama Lakshmi Yogins all-pervasive Lepya Linga Linga Harinetra Sthanu Humans Urvasi all kinds of red lead linga Linga Purusamnaman Priyavasana Siddha Yoginis Dakinis Sandalwood Mamsa-Linga Linga Sahasraksa Midhusa Manus Anna Linga Girisa Agastya Rice grain Linga Susanta Valmiki Valmika (ant hill) Ciravasi Daityas Dasnavas Black mustard Wind Linga Linga Ugra Dikpati Clouds Nira (H2O) Linga parjanyapati Skanda Stone Linga Senanya Yama Black iron Linga Dhanvin Mandhata Sugar Linga Bahuyuga Cows Milk Linga Birds Sky Linga Earth Merulinga Dvitanu Netrasahasraka Sarvatmaka Pasupati Sacred Ash Linga Mahesvara Brahmanas Vasuki Padma Srngi Linga Dhurjati Brahmalinga Visa Linga Jyestha Sankara Sages Knowledge Linga Cirasthana Goddess Siva Mercury Linga Tryambaka If one wants Purusarthas (virtue. Hara-Siva should be worshipped.
whereas.27. If a talented man offers Naivedya to Linga. though bound are not bound as we the earthly souls are. sadasiva and Mahesvara are functional differences belonging to the same unity behind them. the agent of periodic dissolution (avantara-pralaya) is but a mature soul belonging to that group or class of Pasus which. Installation of Linga in a temple gives logarithmic benefits with each successive construction. Bathing Linga with Pancamrita is tantamount to bathing and propitiating the Pitrs. of course. with reference to the intermediary agencies. Go to TATTVAS-36 Siva as described by Sivaraman in his book Saivism in Philosophical Perspective. the Lord of the bound (pasupati) who freely descends and assumes the states of laya. In the Saiva hymns too the same distinction is drawn at innumerable places. the Supreme. Siva is maha-mdra. who is indicated suggestively by the name of Hara is not to be identified with 'rudra' to whom belongs the office of limited dissolution. He remains hidden from what He sustains. but whose bonds are snapped at the time of final Dissolution About Siva Himself it is said that He is pati. The Saivagamas make this crucial distinction in univocal terms. As referred to Siva the Agent par excellence. therefore. (Skanda Purana I.Siva is Sunya. He is the God that sustains the sustainer of creation. governance and creation of all the realms of existence including the realm of speech. Constructing a rounded pinnacle on top of the temple gives a place in the world of Rudra till the end of Kalpa for him and 21 generations in his family. bhoga and adhikara and take on the respective forms of Siva. The Destroyer-God is not the mere deity of destruction who has a co-ordinate function and existence along with the deities of creation and preservation. differences of the functions of sristi Sthiti. not guni-rudra. Whatever is offered to linga in worship. Siva. conservers and destroyers is under Siva's control 'even as dried leaves whirl under the control of a stormy wind. Those who want to enjoy worldly pleasures should worship the visible and palpable Linga.33. Siva's 'office' of Dissolution is not co-ordinate with the offices of the trinity. and yet its application extends not to any destroyer nor again to a mere destroyer but only to a specific one to whom it belongs uniquely. brings joy to all. their differences involve differences of agents also. says bathing Linga in pure water. a species of theological heresy of con founding God with .33... the whole universe from Brahma to a blade of grass is propitiated.29 He is the universal Destroyer of whom rudra and other deities are only the operative aspects. The entire universe with its creators.ii. it is tantamount to feeding the whole universe.28 Literally.II. the yogic path is very difficult to follow to reach Sunya. They say thht Srikantha-rudra. hara is one that destroys. As Agni is the all-devouring mouth of Devas. Linga is the mouth of all worlds. Offering seasonal flowers in worship of Linga is worshipping the whole universe. sadasiva and Mahesvara and performs the respective functions of dissolution. The term hara denotes the Supreme Being in a general as well as in a unique sense. large or little. including that of rudra. He is the Creator of the creator. Confounding Siva with one of the trinities is. page 47. worshipped by Yogis.25-34) Skanda Purana i. and samhara do not imply a difference in the cause of the functions: Siva.
and Vishnu and more. He transcends all Tattvas. He is above them and behind them and the latter know Him not. In Saiva hymns.creature. and comes in for a vehement condemnation at the hands of the Saiva hymnists. the Ever Free with the Bound. Here is more information on Siva as found in his book. the transcendent with the non-transcendent. Brahma. Destruction is dissolving relations and conditions and making it free from the phenomenal. . He is the indwelling spirit in them. he performs all cosmic functions through his intermediaries like Rudra. Siva is not one of the trinities.
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