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38 (Jul. - Dec., 1991), pp. 38-47 Published by: Latin American Literary Review Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20119601 Accessed: 06/08/2009 13:21
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Of all religions. Discovered and loved of saudade. single law.5 * * * . The world's of all individualism. mother of the living. that raincoat placed between the inner and outer worlds. The reaction against the dressed man. * * * who've been given and to other horrors What clashed with the truth was clothing. Socially. Law of the * * * We're tired of all the suspicious Catholic husbands of Woman starring roles.4 by the immigrants. Disguised expression collectivisms. Freud put an end to the mystery of printed psychology. In the land of the Great Snake. * Philosophically.2 * * * Down with every catechism.3 I am only cannibal. Of all peace treaties. * And down with * * the Gracchi's mother. concerned with what is not mine. * * * of all Tupi or not tupi. * * Economically. * * * Children of the sun. American movies will inform us."CANNIBALIST MANIFESTO"1 BY OSWALD DE ANDRADE TRANSLATED BY LESLIE BARY Cannibalism alone unites us. Law of Man. by slaves ferociously with all the hypocrisy and by the touristes. that is the question.
14 . * * * a Down with Father Vieira. Anthropo to conceive refuses our equilibrium. Vieira left the in Portugal and brought us the lip. The loan was made. The Golden Age. The palpable to study. We made But we never permitted the birth of logic among us. Brazilian sugar was signed away. Greater than the French Revolution. Or in Bel?m do Para. O? Villegaignon print to From the French Revolution terre.9 Europe The Golden Age heralded by America.10 Montaigne.11 We push onward. And the importers the pre-logical * of canned mentality * * consciousness. Rousseau.12 * * * law. Contact with the Carib side of Brazil. to the Bolshevik to the Surrealist Revolution and Romanticism.13 Author of our first loan. Natural man. nor collections And we never knew what urban. meridian against The a spirit without a body. religions. to make The illiterate king had told him: put that on paper. money * * * spirit Need morphism. for the cannibalistic vaccine. Lazy in the mapamundi of Brazil. Without unification us.7 A participatory consciousness. We live by a somnambulistic Christ to be born in Bahia. Keyserling's * * * We were never catechized.6 a religious rhythmics. technicized barbarian. It was because we never had grammars.8 for Mr. Revolution. L?vy-Bruhl The We want the Carib Revolution. of all productive revolts for the progress of humanity. frontier and continental were.Oswald de Andrade's "Cannibalist Manifesto" 39 of old plants. To maintain And against outside inquisitions. but without a commission. lot of lip. * * * Down with all existence of life. And all the girls. * * * Heritage. wouldn't even have its meager declaration of the rights of man. suburban.
The individual as victim of Source of classical the injustices. Cosmos" Experience.15 the codification of vengeance. transformation of the the * * * Down Cadaverized. * * * Death From the equation and life of all hypotheses. Cannibalism. And of inner conquests. operas. Science. The permanent Cannibalism. * Routes. justice. Routes. * * Routes. world. Routes." Subsistence. part of the to the axiom "Cosmos.17 Or in Alencar's sentiments. Routes. Of romantic injustices. forgetting the reversible and against with ideas. were never catechized. What we really made was Carnaval.18 full of worthy Portuguese performing We Indian * * * We Golden already Age. * * * We already had of Magic. The * * * .40 * * * Latin American Literary Review We can attend only to the orecular world. Routes. * * * Down with the vegetable elites. "Self. codification Tabu into a totem. Routes. The as senator of the Empire. Making dressed believe he's Pitt.16 The Carib instinct. * In communication * * with the soil. had Communism. part of the Self. the system. objectified The stop of thought that is dynamic. We already had Surrealist language.
We had the description Magic and moral goods.Oswald de Andrade's "Cannibalist Manifesto" 41 Catiti Catiti Imara Noti? Noti? Imara Ipej?. But what does that * * Down with the histories of Man that begin at Cape Finisterre. Down cannibal. defined by the sagacity a lie told again and again. They were fugitives from a we are eating. * * * The The machinery. Without Caesar. because we are strong and vindictive civilization like the Jabuti. Without Napoleon.20 And we knew how to transpose mystery death with the help of a few grammatical forms. and life. Only * * Down with the antagonistic sublimations. with the truth of missionary the Viscount of Cairu:22?It's * * peoples. undated world.19 * * * and allocation of tangible goods.23 * * * . and royal goods. Unrubrified. That man was named Galli Mathias. * of a But those who came here weren't crusaders. * * * I asked a man what the Law was. * by catalogues and television sets. * * * Brought here in caravels.211 * * * have Only where there ismystery to do with us? * is there no determinism. of the exercise of possibility. determination And blood of progress transfusers. He answered that it was the guarantee ate him.
tedium. is the science of distribution. and speculative the Conservatories * * * urban scleroses. What do we have reacts like the Fallen to do with that? * * * Angels.27 of Catherine of Medici stepson the . James From William into a totem. But the Carib didn't need to.26 The transfiguration of the Taboo * * * The ignorance curious offspring.25 * * * Literary Review Guaraci is the Universe. Next. the torch-bearing Down with and the godson of Dom Antonio de Mariz.42 Latin American of the Uncreated If God is the consciousness of the living. and Voronoff. * * * The created object dreams.24 Jaci is the mother of plants. And a social system in harmony with the * * * Against The flight from tedious states. Because he had Guaraci. We never had speculation. Cannibalism. But we had divination. The Indian son of Mary. the Portuguese discovered Brazil. Brazil had discovered hap * * * Indian. Against The migrations. and the creation paterfamilias of things + lack of imagination of the Stork: Real of the Morality + sense of authority in the face of * * * One must depart from a profound atheism in order to arrive at the idea of God. Moses day Before piness. mother which planet. We had Politics.
At times it is degraded. usury. Absorption of the sacred enemy. in signs. Cannibals.29 with Goethe. the Gracchi's mother. The human adventure. it creates science. calumny. is affective. To transform him into a totem. Carnal at first. What result is not a sublimation of the sexual instinct. Low cannibalism. this instinct becomes and creates friendship.Oswald de Andrade's "Cannibalist Manifesto" 43 Joy is the proof of nines. It takes detours and moves around. and burn people Let's get rid of ideas and other paralyses. it creates love. The earthly goal. which carries within itself the highest meaning all the ills identified by Freud?catechist ills. in public Ideas take charge. and the court of Dom Jo?o * * * Joy is the proof by nines.30 in the land of Iracema31?the founder of S?o Paulo. It is the thermometrical scale of the cannibal instinct. Even so.28 * * * Down experience. react. in sextants and in stars. with Memory as a source of custom. We agglomerated are acting against this plague of a supposedly cultured and Christianized peoples. By means of routes. with the sins of catechism?envy. * * * Down with Anchieta singing of the eleven thousand virgins of Heaven. only the pure elites managed to realize carnal of life and avoids cannibalism. Believe squares. The renewal of personal * * * are concretists. Everyday love and the capitalist way of life. . When it elective. * * * The struggle between what we might call the Uncreated and the Creation?illustrated contradiction between Man and his by the permanent Taboo. believe We * * * Down VI. murder.32 patriarch Jo?o Ramalho. When it is speculative. * * * In the matriarchy of Pindorama. Cannibalism.
Jos? Niraldo de Farias. "Le manifeste Surr?alisme Andrade. Cornelia to her sons. and extremely devoted the bad mother who (in contrast to the mother-goddesses Jaci and Guaraci) brings her children up as subjects of a "civilized" culture. vegetative literary and cultural establishment Oswald wants to displace. 181. put this crown on your head. generic name for the Native English of Brazil and also for their language. Sonia Ramos.35 spirit. "Old plants" (velhos veget?is) anthropophage" seems to allude to the entrenched. n. Tupi is the popular. The "Great Snake" (Cobra Grande) is a water spirit in Amazonian mythology. without prostitutions Freud?reality in the matriarchy without penitentiaries. See Oswald de trans." Revista 1:1 (S?? Paulo. esp. 4 Saudade or yearning. nostalgia. Luis de Moura Sobral (Montr?al: Universit? de Montr?al. Americans 3A student of Greek and Latin is said to have been literature. n. In the Manifesto she is virtuous. 1984) ph?rique. at Latin and Lisa Fedorka-Carhuaslla on earlier versions of American Literary Review. and is the theme of Raul Bopp's poem Cobra Norato (1928). who read and commented this translation. is a sentiment homesickness. 3. We must still expel the Bragantine puts it on his!"33 We expelled the decrees and the snuff-box of Maria da Fonte. without madness. Quintero. 2 In in original. and the absence of a split between Nature and Culture grammatical discipline so close to nature. of Pindorama. 6Nunes an analogy between "Oswald establishes the absence of writes.36 Bishop Louisiana State University NOTES of Oswald de Andrade's "Manifesto Antrop?fago. 5 In his annotated French translation of the Benedito Nunes Manifesto. I want to thank Margaret Abel Alo?sio Gomes Barbosa. nheengatu. An expression Our independence typical of Jo?o VI: "My son. austere." ed. May de Antropofagia 1928). Dalila Machado. Down by and OSWALD DE ANDRADE In Piratininga.44 * * * Latin American Literary Review Dom has not yet been proclaimed. Wilton Azevedo. 180-192. before some adventurer the dynasty. [As they were] [Brazilians] of old plants) as Rousseau and Goethe did" ("Le gather herbs (collections manifeste also 182. in the 374th Year of the Swallowing of Sardinha. 4). p?ri anthropophage. 1Translation . traditionally associated with the Portuguese national character. attitude of the Brazilian inactive. As Nunes points out as well. Nunes.34 * * * the dressed and oppressive with social reality registered without complexes. points out that the sun is a maternal diety here. did not need to [in Brazil].
8 Lucien and ethnologist French philosopher (1857-1939). leading from Locke through that the Enlightenment to the Declaration and the and ultimately Rousseau of the Rights of Man as such. University "o? Villegaignon 10InMontaigne's essay "Des cannibales. Vieira to the poetic idiom Oswald is forging for Brazil. Nunes "visit to S?o Paulo in 1929 was welcomed whose that Keyserling. and that Latin with Eastern philosophy world must be compenetrated Western informs us America will rise as a world power while Europe declines. Do Pau See "Antropofagia as a dividing line seems. (1880-1946). Rio de Janeiro: Civiliza??o . are Les fonctions les soci?t?s dans mentales his publications Among (1927). n. Oswald (1984). 1918). to Nunes. in the context of Brasileira. thought. (1978) xxxi. Freud argues that the shift from and religion consolidated "totemistic" to "taboo" systems of morality paternal as the cornerstone of the taboo system are of culture.Oswald de Andrade's "Cannibalist Manifesto" 45 7References on the structure of "primitive" to the work of L?vy-Bruhl See below. European 11 traveller and world German philosopher. Meridian to connote and so on. "primitive" mentality. 8. in the Jesuit instrumental 13Antonio Vieira (1608-97)." Surr?alisme Die neuentstehende Welt" ("Anthropophagisme de Montr?al. directly opposed language the strongest of all emblems of Nunes writes "is for Oswald that Vieira to 1649 proposition Brazilian refers to Vieira's intellectual culture. n." In the colonization a over Pernambuco. 1990) 80. body/soul. "meridian" religions 14According ao Alcance in Oswald de Todos.. ideas that the the (Spenglerian) His works propose Orientalist." Revolution Bourgeois of the based on the first reports from Brazil of 'cannibalism' among members and Hegemony Modernism tribal aggregate. the divisions native/foreign. Montaigne France Antarctic argues in this (the French mission than many "civilized" is far less barbaric that ritual cannibalism essay customs. elegant rhetoric?a noted orator and writer." de Andrade. La mentalit? primitive to L?vy-Bruhl. "technical barbarism" soulless utopia. collective of thought.Oswald to exploit the sugar produced in the state of Maranh?o" organize a company 183. He came to be known as "the Judas of Brazil. and La mythologie primitive inf?rieures (1910). or Bethlehem in Oswald's to the New World thus not brought text. esp. but born in His own Bethlehem. is not a The according (1935). The primitive mind ismystical. 15In Totem and Taboo (1913. (Minneapolis: Tupinamba of Minnesota Press. theManifesto. "The Manifesto itself plays ironically on the 'theory' discourse of natural right. ("Le manifeste anthropophage" are religions of salvation. L?vy-Bruhl. Christ is city of Bel?m. which Oswald is attempting to dismantle. Montr?al: Universit? p?riph?rique. by the in his book set forth the idea of technical barbarism Revista de antropofagia.. different structure of the "civilized" one. has its origins inMontaigne's "noble savage. et surr?alisme. A would not have to pay Holland is associated with formal.. Subjects authority Brasil ? Antropofagia e as Utopias (1972). n. 9Neil Larsen writes. In Oswald's is the sign of the modern world. 11). tr. Count Herman Keyserling." print terre" is in Brazil). war between Vieira negotiated and Holland Portugal so that Portugal was given to Holland which Pernambuco peace treaty by to end the war (with money made in Brazil). ed. Luis de Moura Sobral. Portuguese of Brazil. 12The Brazilian (state of Para). inverts Keyserling's idea that a 159-79. primitive man enjoys the fruits of modernization. but rather a completely deformation and pre-logical. 173. 15).
or nonsense. imitating 186. eisme aqui." 169-70. Nunes writes the to represent a biological towards which consider [Voronoff] pragmatism. he is a trickster figure. running "New moon. you.." 23Tortoise of northern Brazil. culture property granted by the king. biologist par la greffe (1926) and La conqu?te de la vie (1928). anthropological (1836-98)." See also Nunes' more detailed expla culture of the (Portuguese) et surr?alisme. The jabuti is astute. is playing with legal terms for various kinds of property. (1759-1806). a rajeunissement method of rejuvenation by the grafting of genital glands." so as to ridicule and show that they are institutions "civilized" European to Brazilian culture. as well as the return to youth and defiance and Voronoff that "one could of death." The note gives and anthropologist the politician work by Couto Magalh?es. oh new moon.46 Latin American Literary Review "civilized" because advocacy they have internalized the paternal rule. ? lua Nova! de mim. The Varieties of Religious Principles of Psychology Russian-born Universe (1909). which opened in the Teatro Scala. Oswald translation of this Tupi provides of me into [the man text.. dos bens mor?is. assoprai em. I stand here before [New moon. active. n. creator of plants. Nunes points out that "Peri. Bens dign?rios. and combative. n. and A Pluralistic sur la vieillesse et la is the author of Etude (1866-1951). His Indianist novel O Guarani music by Carlos Gomes (1836-96). to navigate) can thus be construed here as referring logbooks or pilots' directions. is the author of 26William James. After Dom Jo?o VI established his court in Rio de Janeiro (1808) in politician. fazei com que eu t?o somente ocupe seu cora?ao. the hero of O Guarani. Oswald dign?rios. (1829 politician. 21"Galli Mathias" Brazilian of Cairu Viscount 22Jos? de Silva Lisboa. Oswald to a rediscovery of America. is a pun on galimatias. 18). (1857) was turned into an opera. Brazilian writer and conservative 18Jos? de Alencar. American (1842-1910). (1902). with 77). in the popular culture of the Indians. formation of colonial policy for India. Milan. blow memories an the source of this text as O Selvagem." of me into. statesman in the British influential 17William Pitt. mother of all men. . (1756-1835). constitutes "fathers. anthropophage" a Portuguese 19In a footnote. James' demystifying to the catachesis Oswald rejects. [has] lords" ("Le manifeste the great Portuguese civilized manners. comical. suggests both the aspects of Brazilian held in common with Portugal and also property "granted" by the Portuguese king that was in fact originally Brazilian. I want]. 24Tupi sun goddess. interpretation of religion can be contrasted s interest in grafting. Oswald's a rejection of patriarchy and the of totemistic cannibalism. Bens f?sicos are probably the land and natural superfluous resources the native culture. nation in "Anthropophagisme can also signify ships' 16The original roteiros (from rotear. dos bens 20The original here reads "dos bens f?sicos. has affinities with Oswald's project. 25Tupi moon goddess.. Nunes quotes Couto de Magalh?es' complete translation of the Tupi text: "L?a Nova. then. "Le manifeste anthropophage" 19].. and bens mor?is of Brazil. Serge Voronoff. philosopher Experience (1890). 2 December 1870.lembran?as estou em vossa presen?a. oh new moon! Blow memories 186. let me and no other fill his heart.. the wake of Napoleon's him to open Brazilian ports to "all nations friendly to Portugal. the Viscount of Cairu convinced invasion of Portugal.
the Portuguese and [that of] D[om] Correia. associated with absolution and colonialism. As Prince Regent. equal in status to Portugal. and a dramatic poem in Portuguese about the arrival of a relic of the Eleven Thousand of St. after founding a Jesuit school at is the author of a long Latin poem to the (S?o Vicente). with whom Peri falls in love. after whom the Virgin Islands martyred are named) in Brazil. He helped found S?o Paulo in 1554. that this is a "[s]uperimposition 27Nunes writes of three images: that of the sculpted Indians of the chandeliers of certain Baroque churches. King of Portugal (reigned 1816-26). 33Dom Jo?o VI's son. He founded what is now Santo Andr? and also the village of Piratininga. 189-90. Manifesto Anthropophagy anthropophage" 26). had many children by her and other Tamoias. Dom Pedro I. . The uprising strengthened conservative forces in Portugal. 36Sardinha was Bishop of Bahia from 1552 to 1556." 29Dom Jo?o VI. Anchieta Piratininga and committed to memory while a captive Virgin Mary. and organized the Indians' resistance founding against the missionaries. A false version made Catherine of Medici the [of the story]. and inscription of Brazil as colony that Oswald rejects. Maria da Fonte is an emblem of allegiance to tradition and a patriarchal woman. According sensing that Brazil would separate itself from Portugal. attacked the school at Piratininga in opposition 1554.Oswald de Andrade's "Cannibalist Manifesto" 47 leans" ("Le manifeste 188-89. n. the noble rural lord. spread through schoolbooks. Jesuit missionary (1534-97). Anchieta thus embodies the catachesis. into whose hands he fell when the sank in the S?o Francisco River. parallel to the Gracchi's mother Portuguese and opposed to Jaci and Guaraci. ship that was taking him back to Lisbon Sardinha had favored punishing Portuguese settlers who. importation of culture. n. already Independence was declared in 1822. 30Father Anchieta. enraged at the Jesuits' to the enslavement of Indians. 34The Portuguese kings of the period were of the Bragan?a dynasty. that of the Indian Paraguassu. in O Guarani. 35The legendary figure Maria da Fonte became the symbol of a popular in the Minho rebellion to finance taxation the (1846) against higher improvement of roads and reforms in public health. He made Brazil a kingdom Portuguese and was Brazil's last colonial monarch (1815). became Emperor of Brazil when to tradition Dom Jo?o. who went to France in the 16th century. among Indians. he made friends with the Shipwrecked Tamoia Indians. known as "The Apostle of Brazil" and generally to be the first Brazilian considered writer. was one of the first Portuguese 32Jo?o Ramalho colonizers of Brazil. which he composed of the Indians. off the coast near S?o Paulo in 1512. father of Ceci. before independence (1822). accompanied by her husband. He was opposed to the Jesuits' of S?o Paulo. In the context of the MA. and created a small empire. had given Dom Pedro the directions Oswald quotes here before returning to Lisbon in 1821. when he was killed and apparently eaten by the Caltis Indians. 28). Ursula. It may mean "country or region of palm trees. he fled the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal and installed the (1807) court in Rio de Janeiro (1808-21). 31Indian heroine inAlencar's novel of the same name (1865). Paraguassu was baptized as Saint-Malo. Diogo Alvares Antonio de Mariz. married the daughter of a chief. Virgins (legendary companions at Cologne in the early 4th century. godmother of this native" ("Le manifeste anthropophage" ^Pindorama is the name of Brazil in the Tupi language.
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