P. 1
Final Report

Final Report

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Published by aswathy_menon_4

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Published by: aswathy_menon_4 on Jul 18, 2011
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The copper clad PCB is now prepared by rubbing away the oxide, grease, etc.

With fine emery paper or sand paper on this, the final PCB drawing may be traced

by using a carbon paper. Clips are used to prevent the carbon paper from slipping

while PCB pattern is being traced on the laminate. Only the connecting lines in

PCBs, slants and holes should be traced. The component position can be marked on

the PCB reverse side if desired.

The marked holes in PCB may be drilled using 1mm or 3mm drill bits and

the traced PCB pattern created with black, quick drying enamel paint, using a thin

Campus Automation PROJECT REPORT µ11

Dept. of ECE


brush or a small metal case. In case of any shorting of lines due to spilling of paint,

they may be removed by scraping with blade or knife after the paint has dried.

After drying, 20-30 gms of ferric chloride in 75 ml of water may be heated to

about 60 degrees and over the PCB placed with its copper side upwards in a plastic

tray. Stirring the solution helps speedy etching. The dissolution of unwanted

copper would take about 45 minutes. If etching takes longer, the solution may be

heated again and the process is repeated. The paint on the pattern can be removed

by rubbing with a rag soaked in a thinner, turpentine or acetone. The PCB may

then be washed and dried. Depending on the wiring diagram, the resistors are taken

care at first, and then the IC¶s are soldered.

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