API 5L Line Pipe Physical Properties

Line pipe grade designations come from API Spec 5L Specification for Line Pipe. Standard Line Pipe has grade designation A and B. Stronger grades have the designation X followed by the specified minimum yield strength of the pipe steel, measured in kilopounds per square inch (abbreviated ksi), e.g. X60 for pipe having a minimum yield strength of 60 ksi. See the table below for the standard available grades. Line Pipe Physical Properties Yield API 5L Grade min. (ksi) A B X42 X46 X52 X56 X60 X65 X70 X80
1

Strength

Tensile Strength min. (ksi) 48 60 60 63 66 71 75 77 82 90

Yield to Tensile Elongation Ratio min. (max.) %1 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 0.93 28 23 23 22 21 19 19 18 17 16

30 35 42 46 52 56 60 65 70 80

API 5L elongation figures vary with specimen dimensions. Values shown for 0.2 sq. in. specimen.

Line pipe mechanical testing usually omits Reduction of Area (RA) measurement reporting, and Charpy V-Notch (CVN) testing. This prevents use of this pipe as body material above 36 ksi yield

strength for API Spec 6A equipment without retesting for Reduction of Area. Charpy V-Notch testing as well. . and in the case of low temperature service.

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