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Bio Tech

Bio Tech

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Published by: hsvskumar on Jul 19, 2011
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Biotechnology: Biotechnology: A Science of Securing Future

Biotechnology is one of the fastest growing sectors in India and 5 Years. elsewhere. This emerging field is going to take a leap forward in the next

As per the report of NASSCOM, by 2010, biotech sector may earn upto biotechnologists in several fields such as Agriculture, Medicine, Environment, Bioinformatics, Industries, Food Processing Units,

rupee five million dollar having job opportunities for 15 lakhs qualified

Pharmaceuticals, Dairy and Veterinary, Biodiversity Conservation, Neuro Development in both Government and Private Sectors. - Science, Marine, Informatics, Teaching Training and Entrepreneurship

Modern science and technology along with research and discoveries are

comfortable journeys from one revolution to the other, where the their fusion has been creating wonders.

conventional technology blended with the new scientific discoveries and

Biotechnology undoubtedly holds great promise for the future. Genetic Engineering, Genomics, Bio - Composting, Bio - Medical engineering.

Biosensors and Bioinformatics etc, will be the hot topics decades to come. The importance of biotechnology was recognized after the establishment of National Bio - technology Board in 1982.

In 1986, the Government of India formed full - fledge department of Biotechnology (DBT) within the Ministry of Science and Technology. A number of Academic Institutions and Government Agencies such as the CSIR, ICAR, ICMR, DAE and DBT etc, are undertaking research

identity and set up centers of excellence. and profoundly changes its face worldwide.and development activities related to it. support R&D and manufacturing activities to meet the demands of future and growing population. Several policy initiatives have been taken to create excellent human resource base. place to live in. Applications of Agriculture. The future of mankind depends on developing the basic and applied (bio) technology suited to the needs of humanity Biotechnology has provided a great opportunity for direct manipulation of gene structure. The firmament of Biotechnology has broadened to envelope the entire earthlings in its fold. function and expression to serve the humanity and meet the growing demand of the millions.conventional energy sources are of great significance. Stupendous strides have been made in making the earth a better. Biotechnology in Human and Animal Health. build up the requisite infrastructure. Biotechnological innovations have been used as the means to relegate precarious predicaments. through human interference. Globalization is leading to . All basic economic needs can be fulfilled by application of Biotechnology as once imagined by the scientists. Advances in biotechnology have created a revolution in life sciences including genetics. Environmental Protection and non . Biomass and Green Cover. A wishful thinking has transformed itself to a glaring reality.

are being replaced by biochemical or other alternative biotech It will provide new ways of influencing raw material processing.biotechnology. In the field of Seri . Most of gene sequences have now become possible. places. The development of vaccines for important diseases afflicting livestock and diagnostic kits for farm animal health care are among several activities in this sector.mulberry silkworm races and the host (mulberry) plants.up . bio .intense competition with consequent higher stress levels in work investment. under food biotech initiatives.control measures for major pests and have been put in to ensure food and nutritional security through of low cost nutrient foods have been standardized. Handling humanly impossible Cloning and designer babies may become usual features in future. their targeting. the DBT has initiated a program in the genetic enhancement of mulberry and non . recombinant vaccines and newer diagnostic tools are some of the possibilities. The program includes development of immune . healthcare sector is one such with a large share of global The development of new generation drugs. The chemicals we use products. ologies for scale . biotechnology R&D. All the antibiotics come under biotech banner.diagnostics tools for diseases of silkworm and new races of silkworm Considerable efforts detection of pathogens. future medicines will be of biotech origin.

a concept of systems Biology. biotechnology is destined to touch anything and everything of Biotechnology offers hope for solving many of the problems the world treatment. except antibiotics. Agriculture biotech will give us plants that have disease resistance. biodegradable and / or recyclable organic materials.The tissue culture industry caters to horticulture and floriculture interest in plants with potential in therapeutic benefits and commercial demands for herbal products in global markets. only helping managing the disease. material. development has focused research into biological (botanic) or Biological and physical scientists come together and explore such exciting areas. Understanding human genome With increased interests in natural. faces today. In human needs. level will bring in better treatment. industries. The herbal medicine research has increased the level of With increased Interests in natural. developments have focused research into biological or organic materials. improved yields and stress tolerance. physical and other scientists come . Biological. Environmental biotechnology will help control pollution problem. Most drugs are chemicals and have limitations in Understanding the pathways and protein chemistry at the molecular would help us to predict the likelihood of diseases and improve disease diagnosis systems. short. biodegradable and / or recyclable materials.

It encourages Systems Biology that provides a common platform for applied areas of many fields of sciences such as chemistry. Demand for a trained biotechnologist in these areas is high. prevent damage to human health and environment. and other user agencies. biochemistry and chemical engineering among many other. IITs and other premier institutions across the country. agriculture. ethical and legal Guidelines in line with this are strictly being followed / imposed to processing cell has been created in the DBT for speedy processing of approvals for bio .safety has been issues. in collaboration with the University Grants Commission (UGC). engineering. With increased use of biotech products and genetically engineered organisms bio . one of the man concerns. To explore these. food processing. specialists in law. computer science and others as support system is highly desirable. offering flexible eligibility criteria at the entry level. Biotechnology is interdisciplinary. It interfaces institutions. environmental and industrial facets as discussed earlier. amongst the many social. having many branches of application in healthcare. . academic and R&D It supports Post Graduate Programs with focus on biotechnology in over 60 Universities. A single window - The DBT has a strong focus now on the R&D activities.together and explore such exciting areas. with a number or other government departments. microbiology.safety.

In order to encourage researchers for R&D towards products and Genomics and Proteomics research.networked chain of Added to these. These put together are. there are over 150 modem biotech companies in India. there are doctoral and post-doctoral courses as well as regular short . model. biotech at present is referred as the sunrise sector. is engaged in biotech research in some form or the other and various Today.sahar.based industries.term courses or training Programs for mid . DBT has instituted number of awards. very formidable assets.in/top_univ. Biotechnology are given in the following website watch: http://www.Also. the treasure of our biological diversity and the very rich traditional knowledge base (the concept of ITK.resource . The fruits of these efforts would hopefully become visible sooner or later. To know more about top colleges offering M. Now. these have pursued a product based business. the next likely concern is where to groom oneself to match to such global requirements? Virtually every Indian university courses of biotech are offered at many centres of repute. processes. very good infrastructure base with a well . a laboratories and clusters of bio .e indigenous technical by any standard. major thrust being in In terms of global industrial growth. others have India's major strength in biotechnology is its highly trained workforce.Sc. Some of adopted a service model in line with the IT sector. knowledge) dating back to thousands of Years.career scientists.html . i.

org/Biotec Res India.kuenvbiotech.in/faculty/research.pdf .ac.pdf http://www.org/biotech/rep0100/sharma.Research in Biotechnology: http://www.org/ http://www.iitm.blal.brsi.html http://www.cgiar.biotech.in/ http://envis.

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