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IIFFCO Aonla Unit Bareilly
MJP Rohilkhand University, Bareilly
Session 2011- 12
UNDER GUIDANCE OF SUBMITTED BY
Mr. K.K. Pandey MJP Rohilkhand University Bareilly
Zaheen Beg Course: MBA 2nd Sem.
• Acknowledgement • Purpose of study • Meaning Of The Project • Preface • Organization Introduction • Logo Of IFFCO
Grading System Of Employees IFFCO in Aonla, Bareilly
• Vision & Mission • Objective Of IFFCO • Main office of IFFCO • Diversification
• Organization structure • Aonla Unit • Aonla Plant
• Research Methodology • Welfare Activities
• Analysis • Finding & Interpretation • Limitation • Recommendation • Conclusion • Suggestion • Bibliography • Questionnaire
From the very beginning of human civilization to this complex network word. I would like to make a special mention of my parents & friends. we are interdependent on each other for accomplishment of our goals. who whole heartedly co-operated in this task.K.Pandey IFFCO Aonla Bareilly for giving me opportunity. So I feel myself to fortunate enough to have it done under “IFFCO” This project report is also the result of collective efforts of several individual. would have never seen the light of day . At the very outset I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Mr. who have been the guiding spirit and sources of inspiration in completing this project & without whose support and inspiration the work. My sincere thanks are also due to the various respondent.ACKNOWLEDGMENT Any activity big or small is a result of collective efforts of several individuals. K. who has given their valuable contribution in fulfillment of this work.
which arises in a practical filed. The aim of this is to develop the ability of decision making. Only to study business administration course is not the solution of the problem. A right decision at right time at right place itself helps an organization to run in smooth & satisfactory manner.Zaheen Beg PURPOSE OF STUDY Being student of MBA it is very essential for is to have a practical knowledge in an organization. . Only theoretical knowledge is not essential for us. There is no certain formula for achieving practical knowledge but the problem is overcome by training method.
e. “R” – It stand for associated with word resource with which guides to promote planning. The meaning of the alphabets of the “Project” are as follows: “P” – The word ‘P’ signify the phenomenon of planning which deals symbolization and proper arrangement of sensex and suggestion on respectively in accordance with need.e. project work which is undertaking should be completed with a combined effort. . “O” – This letter for stand overhead expenses on unestimated expenses that occurs in manufactures designed or layout of the project.MEANING OF THE PROJECT The word “project” has great specification in the field of management before starting any we must an idea about its basic. “E” – This stand for engineering i. “J” – This latter stand for joint effort i. worker undertaken is to be employing technical processes.
which the farmers of the country through there own co-operative societies created this new institution to safe guard their interest. Of co-operative societies asst. “T” – This stand for techniques unless techniques to work is not known. This sector had adequate infrastructure to distribute fertilizers but had no production facilities of it’s own and hence dependent on public/private sectors for supply.072 in march 2008. To over come this problem and bridge the demand supply gap in the country. The by laws of the society provide a board framework from the act of IFFCO as a co-operative society. with IFFCO has risen from 57 in 1965 to 45. 3. Another ammonia – urea COM was . It was unique rent rim.“C”– This stand for the phenomenon of constriction which is more essentially and basic form of work. The main emphasis is on production and distribution of fertilizer. INTRODUCTION OF IFFCO During mid sixties the co-operative sectors in India was responsible for distribution of 70% of fertilizers consumed in the country. It commissioned the ammonia – urea Kalol and NPK/DAP plant in Kandla both in start of Gujrat in 1975. The no. a new co-operative society was conceived to specifically center to requirements of the farmers. “Indian farmers fertilizer co-operative LTD” was created on Nov. 1967 as a multiunit co-operative society engage in production and distribution of fertilizers.
IFFCO.7 thousand tones phosphates. 2008. The entire activities of distribution sales and assisted by marketing officer in the fields. The distribution of IFFCO fertilizers is undertaken through over 39. In 1993 IFFCO had drawn up a major extension program of all the four plants over ages of IFFCO vision 2000. today is a leading player in India fertilizer industry and is making substantial . and Phulpur has been completed on schedule. The latest feature in the cap of IFFCO was heralded realization of all the objectives so fourth vision 2000as more than two month before the schedules the result of the expansion project’s IFFCO’S annual installed urea and NPK/DAP equivalent to 519. The other unit at Aonla was commissioned in 1988. At IFFCO thirst forever improving the service to the farmers and harnessing of mother earth’s bounty to drive hunger away from India in an ecologically sustainable manner is the prime mission. During the year IFFCO produced 68.47 lakh tones fertilizers comprising 39. Kalol.33 lakh MT NPK/DAP up to March 31.setup at Phulpur in the state of UP in 1981.84 lakh MT NPK/DAP/NP. In addition.02 lakh MT urea and 406. essential agro-input for crop production are made available to the farmers through a chair of 265service center (fsc).35 lakh MT fertilizer material comprising 631. The annually IFFCO plants have cumulatively produced 1037.63 lakh tones urea and 28. The expansion project at Aonla.000 co-operative societies.
contribution to the efforts of the Indian government to increase food-grain production in the country. LOGO OF IFFCO The EMBLEM of any organization that is Logos very important by which the company is known to every one or that is identity of the company. After one year of establishment in 1968 the organization had decided to make an EMBLEM of IFFCO. The executive of the company said that which can easily fit any place or changeable according to the place & made by simple geometrical method. they believe that after using the urea their fields will . M.I. The rectangle shows that the Indian economy is depend upon the agriculture & green color shows the faith of the farmers. Gupta chief visualizes davp is like that. So the EMBLEM is made by at last Mr. Logo’s ration is 1:2:5 and the color is green.
Engineer Supervisor Senior Operator Operator Asst.) Jt. G. K.) Sr.) C. G. GRADING SYSTEM OF EMPLOYEES AT IFFCO.) Sr. (Managing Director) E. (Chief Mgr. (Joint General Mgr.M. M.M. D. H. the remaining white color shows the quality of the IFFCO product is very good & oval shape is meant for the wealth & product . (Senior Engineer) Engineer Asst.always be green. I. Technician .D. Mgr. BAREILLY A. (Senior general Mgr. G1. L. G. F1. Operator Technician Asst. Engg. J1.M. D1. / G. / General Mgr. F. B. (Senior Mgr.) Mgr.M. (Manager) Dy. AONLA. C. J. G2. E. Mgr.D. (Deputy Mgr. (Executive Director) Sr.
openness and mutual concern to make working a stimulating and challenging experience for stake holders. MISSION • To provide to farmers high quality fertilizers in right time and in adequate quantities with and objective to increase crop productivity.M. . • To institutional core values and create a culture of team building. safety. empowerment and innovation which would help in incremental growth of employees and enables achievement of strategic objective. • Fosters a culture of trust. • To make plants energy efficient and continually review various schemes to conserve energy. • Commitment to health. Attendant Mali Mali VISION & MISION VISION To augment the incremental income of farmers by helping them to increase their crop productivity through balanced use of energy efficient fertilizers. maintain the environment health. O. environment and forestry development to enrich the quality of community life. N. and to make co-operative societies economically & democratically strong for professionalized services to the farming community to ensure and empowered rural India.
.000 crore by 2010. 6 – Manufacturing of petrochemical Banking and Financial services. 2 – Backwards integration to meet feedstock requirements such phosphoric acid. 5 – Value addition to agri-product and marketing. 4 – Exploration/Distribution of marketing of Hydro – carbons. 3 – Generation of power. 15. Installation of Ammonia and Urea plants including acquisition of fertilizers units.VISION & MISSION OF A COMPANY VISION 2010: In order to maintain the sustained pace of remarking growth being achieved under mission – 2006 the society is in the process of formulating another growth plan “VISION 2010” which aims at 1 – Attaining an annual turnover of Rs.
. 7 – To Be the largest co-operative in terms of production of fertilizer all the world. bio-fertilizers. 6 – Promoting nation growth through modern farming techniques. pesticides etc. 8 – Production and marketing of micro – nutrients seeds. 3 – Insuring availability of fertilizer at the farmer doorstep. OBJECTIVE OF IFFCO The primary objective of IFFCO are – 1 – Producing quality fertilizers. 4 – Improving agricultural productivity through balance fertilizer application.7 – Information technology and IT enabled services. 2 – Promoting the fertilizer distribution system in the co-operative. 5 – Creating scientific awareness among worker.
. • Indian Overseas Bank • State Bank Of India • Standard Chartered Bank • Bank Of Baroda • The Maharashtra State co-operative Bank Ltd.MAIN OFFICE OF IFFCO REGISTERED OFFICE OF IFFCO. 34 – Nehru place New Delhi – 110019 Bankers. • Madhya Pradesh State co-operative Bank Ltd. • The West Bengal State co-operative Bank Ltd.
Chhattisgarh.(IPL) .Indo Egyptian Fertilizer Company. 2 – National commodity & Derivative exchange Ltd. Egypt. (ICPL) 9 . • The Punjab State co-operative Bank Ltd. DIVERSIFICATION 1 – IFFCO Tokyo general insurance company Ltd. 4 – Indian farm forestry development co-operative Ltd.Indian Potash Limited .IFFCO Chhattisgarh Power Limited. 3 – National Collateral management services Ltd.• The Karnataka State co-operative Bank Ltd. 7 – Communication / Information company. (IEFC) 10 . 5 – IFFCO foundation 6 – Kiran seva trust. 8 .
achieving overall capacity utilization of 107. This was possible due to various improvement carried out at Paradeep unit to enable the plant to operate at the optimum capacity utilization level on a sustained basis. Energy conservation and capacity enhancement .42 percent. However. registering an increase year.47 lakh tones fertilizers comprising 39.63 lakh tones urea and 28.84 lakh MT NPK/DAP/NP.33lakh MT NPK/DAP up to March 31..87 lakh tones Urea as compared to 37. there was fall in production of phosphatic fertilizers due to acute shortage of raw materials in international market as compared to last financial year. 2008. During the year IFFCO Produced 68. Urea plants had surpassed all previous records by producing 39. IFFCO PERFORMANCE Production Since inception.66lakh tones NP/DAP during the period. IFFCO plants have cumulatively produced 1037.35 lakh MT fertilizer material comprising 631. Our Paradeep Unit produced 8.02 lakh MT Urea and 406. The Paradeep Unit is expected to achieve optimal production load during 2008 – 09.87 lakh tones in the previous year.
This is no doubt a Herculean task and call for proper logistics planning as well as intensive marketing strategy. The overview of various activities of marketing during 2007 – 08 is given below: Warehousing . Kalol and Phulpur – 1 Units achieved the lowest ever energy consumption during the year 2007 – 08. total urea production of the society from all the five plants shall increase from present capacity of 36. Implementation of Debottlenecking projects all Aonla and Phulpur Units for capacity Enhancement of Ammonia estimated cost of Rs.IFFCO had embarked upon Energy Saving Schemes in all its five Ammonia Plants at a total cost of Rs.922 Geal/ MT in the previous year. The volume of fertilizers handling has been increasing year after year and it has touched a level of 86 lakh tones in 2007 – 08 including 15 lakh tones imported Urea and 2 lakh tones DAP fertilizers.9 lakh tones to 42.907 Geal/ MT as against 5.4 lakh tones per annum. The schemes and successfully commissioned. For the year 2007 – 2008 was the lowest ever at 5. Marketing Performance Production is a continuous process and therefore. 335 crore are nearing completion of these projects. material has to go be dispatched continuously to the field warehouse as silo capacity of plants is limited. 410 crore to reduce the overall energy consumption.
Urea sales during 2007 – 08 was 54. In order to make fertilizers available at the doorstep of the farmers.2 in 2006 – 07.94 lakh tones (inclusive of 16. The average storage space turnover during the year 2007 – 08 was 10. It has increased to 81. CWC and SWCs.29 lakh tones as compared to 2006 – 07.299 tones MOP) as against 33.24 lakh tones during 2007 -08.95 lakh tones in 2005 – 06. 86.72 lakh tones.989 tones MOP) in 2006 – 07. Sales collection . The warehousing space is hired from co-operative.Warehousing is an essential function as production is a continues process whereas consumption is highly seasonal. Strategic hiring of warehouse is critical for optimum utilization and effective control of inventory and there by reduction of marketing cost. NPK/DAP sales during 2007 – 08 was 38.69 lakh tones (inclusive of 20. IFFCO has hired warehouse space of 8 lakh tones in about 1730 location. of which share of co-operative is about 66 percent.6 as against 9.10 lakh MT in 2006 – 07 and to highest ever sales of 93. Marketing Productivity The ‘Marketing Productivity’ per employee in Marketing Division during 1999 -2000 was 2688 tones and it reached a level of 6158 tones in 2007 – 08. Sales The sale of IFFCO fertilizers during the year 1999 – 2000 was only 51.
The sale are made to the marketers on cash and credit basis. Pipavav.3 lakh MT imported Urea and DAP at Kandla. Vizag. as the manpower required for supervision at various ports is taken from State Officer/ Field Officer on rotation basis. 5593 crore in 2006 – 07. crore as against Rs. the sale collection was Rs. This is more so in the case of IFFCO. bagging etc and dispatched to different States by Rail/Road at the earliest with a view to make these available to formers. Chennai and Kakinada Ports. lots of dues are receivable from GOL and all these activities have to be completed in time. Handling Of Imported Fertilizers Handling of imported fertilizer is a very dynamic and time bound activity and involves lot of documentation. Sale is not complete unless its realization is made in time. IFFCO handled 57 vessels carrying 17. The above achievement is really spectacular is analysed in the backdrop of declining strength of marketing personnel from 1750 in 1999 – 2000 to 1514 in 2007 – 08. The material is stored in the port warehouse for standardization. The Vessel has to berthed on allowed time to avoid demurrage. In case of imported Urea and DAP. During the year 2007 – 08. During the year 2007 – 08. New Mangalore. Opening Stocks Of Fertilizers .
5 rakes per are on an average. alternate mode by sea route has been taken up for dispatches of NP/DAP . which is inclusive of 15.0 lakh tones in 2007 – 08 lakh tones in 2007 – 08.1 lakh OMIFCO/ Imported urea and 2. a stupendous task which involves meticulous planning and execution. Road movements are resorted to for servicing area within 250 Kms. about 8.57 lakh MT as against 10. Product Movement The volume of fertilizer dispatched in the year 1999 – 2000 was only 52. In order to circumvent the constraints in conventional mode.The opening stocks of IFFCO fertilizers in the field warehouse including stock in transit as on 1 “April.c. from plants and ports. This is.2 lakh MT DAP. movement by Rail. Besides. no doubt. During the year 2007 – 08. 2008 was 2.03 lakh on the same date last year. about 3100 rakes were sent to different destination in different State i.7 lakh tones and it has increased to a level of 86.
1 – GENERAL MANAGER OFFICE:. Power to the manager yet of the manager be live in benevoit leadership.ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE Head office of IFFCO is situated at New Delhi.General manager the highest authority of Aonla whose decision is final. Operating Unit of Kalol. It has co-operative staff far such as engineering division that plays a link pin between cooperative office. This is the main reason behind the new records made by this unit. IFFCO consists of both line and staff manager but there is clear is demarcation among their authorities and responsibility. Finance and marketing etc. The theme of Organization Effectiveness is to have a high degree of collaboration among the managerial personal through the structure provides unlimited. Phulpur and Aonla in the same way staff function as management Service decision. .
7 – TACHNICAL DEPARTMENT:. .All materials. 6 – UTILIY DEPARTMENT:.Here under the production and all other related of production of Ammonia and Urea are considered. 4 – MAINTENACE DEPARTMENT:. power and in off site purification of water of recycling. budgeting etc. 3 – PERSONAL & ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT:.Under which the maintenance of all of mechanical. welfare.The department of Utilities performs the function of stream. timeoffice. electrical maintenance. purchasing included under this department and are managed according to the need of the hour.The department cooperative with all division and complies the organization financial result such a profit and loss account and balance sheet. 5 – PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT:.It is responsible for formulation policies procedures in personal and administration as whole under this all personal function. security and hospital related functioning are dealt. safety and population appliances take place and programs conducted.2 – FINANCE AND ACCOUNT DEPARTMENT:. telephone and mechanical services are included.Here under technical services and engineering service of fire and safety training research development. 8 – MATARIAL DEPARTMENT:. energy conversion scheme.
production reporting. 11 – TRANSPORT DEPARTMENT:. personal management etc. financial management.It look after the facility to employee and their families for organization on construct for the organization.9 – CIVIL ENGINEERING:.That is planned to considerable consolidation and integrate the data base and further provide service beyond the operation level requirements in application for material management.Planning documentation civil factory. 10 – SYSTEM DEPARTMENT:. . civil engineering working and all changes regarding these to are controlled and managed by this department.
ORGANIZATION CHART OF IFFCO CHAIRMAN BOARD OF DIRECTORS MANAGING DIRECTOR FINANCE DIRECTOR MARKETING DIRECTOR EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR (PROJECT) EXECUTIV DIRECTOR (GENERAL MANAGER) TRANSPORT ADVISOR GENERAL MANAGER (KALOL) GENERAL MANAGER (KANDLA) GENERAL MANAGER (AONLA) GENERAL MANAGER (PHOLPUR) .
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE OF P & A DEPARTMENT Executive Director (Head Office) JGM (P & A) Chief Manager Senior Manager Deputy Manager Senior Personnel/Senior Administrative Office Personnel Officer/ Administrative Office Jr. Assistant . Administrative Office Sr. Personnel/Jr.
personnel in any organization. Assistant VARIOUS SECTION UNDER PERSONNAL DEPARTMENT IFFCO 1 – HAD CELL:. The internal recruitment. An organization will determine its manpower needs and their find out the sources from the requirement will be met. 2 .Promotion of workers from the lower to upper rank according to the eligibility criteria.For recruitment and selecting both internal as well as external sources are used. c – Sources External:.Jr. motivating and retaining. Here is no agency and the vacancies are not field in employment exchange not by advertisement in news paper is also given in – External Sources 40% . The Human resources Management refers to the approach to the problem of selecting training.The HRD Cell ensure adequate supply proper quantity and quality as well as effective of human resources.It carries out following activities:a – Recruitment:.In IFFCO the External Recruitment is restored it is happen only when internal sources dry up. b – Internal Recruitment:.
4 – POSTING & TRANSPER:.Internal Sources 60% 2 – SELECTION:.As regardless selection process the company has laid the criteria for screening the application are screen out and the application areare called for psychological and personality.s station to another any where in INDIA OR ABORAD including transfer in new Establishment that might be started in future.IFFCO has fixed and written promotion policy. . Generally merit is given weight age.Most of the employees are then required to undergo extensive off the job and on the and on the job training in various disciplines.Regardless of the post to which the employee is initially appointed and the station where he is posted IFFCO reserves the right to transfer from one post to another post and from. 3 – TRAINING:. The ‘Review’ committee of managing director and fiancé director to review all the recommendation for promotion and recruitment to the post of Grade F & D. The policy is based seniority and merit. Selection is done by a selection committee consisting of head of concern department and external specialist and there decision. 5 – PROMOTION:. Usually IFFCO give the promotion to the employee according their qualification and cadre wise.
Dealing with union.6 – TERMINATION:.IFFCO has its own board of employees providence fund as per EFP and Mise. Provision Act 1952 and PF benefits shall be as IFFCO EPS rules.In the IFFCO the retirement and super annuation shall be at the age of 58 years. 10 – PROVIDENT FUND:. Compliance of Statutory provision. Participate Dispute. Employees are electronic cards which are to be electronically punched at the time entering and leaving the office. The main function of IR section are as follows:1. 8 – WELFARE:. 2. . 11 – RETIREMENT:.IFFCO has setup healthy relationship with other industry and it encourage this type of relationship industry feel the proud with dealing IFFCO. 7 – INDUSTRIAL RELATION:. 9 – TIME OFFICE:.IFFCO keep track of employees attendance.IFFCO deals with various welfare activities (like sport and cultural programs for employees canteens etc. 3.An employee service mat be terminated at any time on one month (but not less than 30 days) notice on either site or by the employee.
Liveries . 4 – GUEST HOUSE:.Proper maintenance of Guest house is required for accommodation facility to people like contractors trainees etc.Take care sanitation of plant and township by the many super. 3 – HORTICULTURE :.IFFCO has so beautiful garden in plant in and township and they take care by the gardeners. 5 – SANITATION:. 2 etc. They do always cleaning and dusting and do their work very carefully. shop etc.VARIOUS SECTION UNDER ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT 1 – ESTATE OFFICE:.IFFCO has setup a planed township and estate office take care of Sanitation of plant and township allotment of house. HBL. – ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT:Administration department also take care of indirect facilities like medical.
6 – TRANSPORT:. highlighting sports cultural events. 9 – PUBLIC RELATION:.IFFCO has so many buses for their employee. .It take care the other general things which is related to the office work like furniture and fixtures stationary. it take care always employees facilities at working time. 10 – HINDI IMPLEMENTATION:. The buses are luxurious. Also familiarizes the employee with the company’s progress in terms of productivity training programs and future prospects. 7 – GENERAL ADMINISTRATION:. stickers and posters are distributed in various department to promote the usages of Hindi for it IFFCO get Raj Bhasha Awared so many time. New development sat IFFCO achievement of financial targets research and marketing etc. stock and non stock items.The role of this section is to project a favorable image of the organization in the eyes of employee and public through the media such as press activities. The buses passes from every 30 minutes. there are comfortable seats and music facilities are provided also. 8 – HOSPITAL:.Administration department paid attentions for proper running of hospital they are responsible for appointment of good Doctors and necessary medicine and hiring specialists.IFFCO promote Hindi as language employees are motivated to use Hindi in their daily working charts.
Aonla unit is located in the Gangetic Plains of Uttar Pradesh in Bareilly district about 28 km. south-west on Bareilly-Aonla road. Aonla-I and Aonla-II. .000 MTPA for Ammonia and 14. The total capacity of Aonla unit including both phases is 8.52. 1988 and Aonla-II in December.AONLA UNIT The flagship of IFFCO. Aonla unit. is comprised of two phases. both Aonla-I & II units are achieving average annual capacity utilization of 116%.000 MTPA for Urea having two streams of Ammonia and four steams of Urea.91. IFFCO Aonla unit is one of the most efficient and quality-wise as well as environment oriented unit so that M/s KPMG Peat Marwick. a quality registrar has certified it as ISO:9002 unit and M/s BVQI London has accredited it as 180:14001 unit. Aonla-I was commissioned in may. on Ammonia-Urea complex. 1996.
PERFORMANCE OF AONLA UNIT IN 2007 – 08 Production Urea AMMONIA Production Capacity Utilization Highest monthly Urea prod (in MTs) 18.64.706 Geal/tones 5.517 Geal/tones 1865684 tones .246 tones 107.2% 96183 tones by Aonla 1 in March 95778 tones by Aonla 2 in March Yearly Urea dispatch Specific Energy Consumption Urea (Aonla – 1) Urea (Aonla – 2) 5.77.809 tones 10.
Improvement of technology for enhancing / maintaining productivity and growth. Cooperation & team spirit. Creating safe & healthy working conditions and eco-friendly environment. Development of human resource. Continual improvement at effectiveness of it’s quality management system.QUALITY POLICY IFFCO Aonla unit is committed to achieve satisfaction of its cooperative societies forming community and customers by manufacturing and supply specified quality product by pursuing. .
Maheshwari and shri. Shrivastava. Fertilizer Association of India’s award for best article (3rd prize) for the article “Maintenance and inspection of the modern fertilizer plant” by Shri.P. R. Occupational safety and healthy management system and procedures and achieving very good performance. IFFCO AONLA UNIT has been awarded Indo – German Greentech Environment Excellence Award ( 1st position for the year 2000 – 2001 ).K. Fertilizers Association of India’s award for excellence in safety for the year 2001 – 2002. Nation Safety Council of India’s safety award 2000 (Prashanasa Puraskar) for developing and implementing very effective.AONLA UNIT AWARDS IFFCO AONLA UNIT has been awarded Indo – Greentech Environment Excellence Award (1st position for the year 1999 – 2000). R. .
National Safety Council of India’s safety 2002 (Prashanasa Puraskar) for developing and implementing very effective occupational safety and health management system and procedures and achieving very good performance. Nation Safety Council of India’s safety award 2004 (Prashanasa Puraskar) for developing and implementing very effective. . achieving outstanding performance in Industrial safety as runner up for the year 2005 FAI award for Excellence in Safety National Safety Council Award 2006 – Prashansha Patra for developing & implementing effective management systems & procedures and achieving good performance in occupation Safety & Health. Gove of India. National Safety Award 2005 by Ministry of Labour & Employment.
The source of Hydrogen is Natural Gas and Naphtha is sourced from atmospheric air. Demark process with Natural Gas and Naphtha as main raw material. Natural Gas is supplied by Gail through HBJ pipeline from BOMBAY HIGH GAS field and Naphtha is supplied by IOC MATHURA REFINERY. Further this mixture is reformed in secondary reformer where air is added to provide the required nitrogen for ammonia synthesis.AMMONIA PLANT There are two streams of ammonia plants having the capacity to produce 1350X 2 MTPD of ammonia. . The technology is based on the Halder Topose. The production of ammonia requires Hydrogen and Nitrogen in the ratio of 3:1. the gases mixture is cooled in heat recovery boilers and sent shift conversion where carbon are converted in to carbon – dioxide. After this reaction. Small quantity of sulphur in the feed stocks is removed by passing it through desulphurization unit. Both are used as feed stocks which contains hydrocarbons. Sulphur free gas with gasified Naphtha is then mixed with steem and sent to the primary reformer where reforming reaction takes place in the presence of catalyst producing a gaseous mixture of hydrogen and carbon compound.
and sent to reactor after compression and pumping. Italy on ammonia stripping process. Vapors containing ammonia and carbon-dioxide obtained from these vessels are converted to ammonium carbonate and recycled to the reactor. Concentration of the urea solution is important because rise in the temperature encourages burnet formation which is poisonous to the crops. The output of reactor is sent to the stripper where urea is further concentrated by removing un dehydrated ammonia the stripper still contains some ammonia carbonate which is further purified in MP and LP section.Is separated from gaseous mixture and sent to urea plant as raw material for urea production. Pure synthesis gas from methanator outlet is compressed and sent to ammonia converter where ammonia is formed. The final product of liquid ammonia is sent to Urea plant as raw material for Urea production. Which is harmful in further process it is converted into Methane in methanator. Liquid ammonia and gaseous carbon – dioxide is made available by ammonia plant. In reactor. The technology is based on snamprogetti . Therefore it is concentrated under vacuum evaporated concentration. A common purge recovery unit with membrane technology has also been installed to recover hydrogen for energy saving. After . ammonia and carbon – dioxide react to from ammonia carbonate which is further dehydrate to from urea by the heat of reaction. UREA PLANTS There are four streams of Urea plant having the capacity to production 1100 x 4 MTPD of Urea fertilizer. To avoid the traces of carbon – dioxide.
Cooling. UTILITIES A part from raw material. . Stream . Ammonia Storage facilities etc. For this purpose. The packaging facilities where bagging. Instrumental Air. Water.final concentration urea melt (99%) is pumped to Urea peril tower where it is sprayed by rotating peril bucket and fine droplets of Urea are solidified by means of natural air draft. Each station having two weighing. These machines are electrically operation and fully computerized. STRAM AND POWER GENERATION PLANT To meets the continuous power supply needs of main plants. various other plants have been functioning. At the bottom of Peril Tower Urea peril are collected and send to product handling plants by means of scrappers and belt conveyors.000 MT capacity have been provided to store urea product to ensure continuous urea production even if it is not taken off due to non – availability of Rail wagons or seasonal demand fluctuation.000 and 30. stitching and loading operation take place are composed of 16 such stations. PRODUCT HANDLING PLANT Product handling plants is composed of Urea storage known as SILO and packaging and transport activities. The system is equipped with data logging system which can record and display various detailed fact figures for dispatch. capacitive power plant and steam generation facilities have been provided. production of Ammonia and Urea requires various utilities via: Power. Inert Gas. Two silos of 45. filling and one stitching machines.
urea and power plants and offsite facilities is met by dour induced draft the type tower. HRU unit of ammonia – 2 add to steam supply of the complex. RAIN WATER AND WATER TREATMENT A chain of 15 bore wells has been created to meet the water requirement of plant and township. two turbines having capacity of 18 MW along with heat recovery steam generation unit have been provided to cater the plant needs of power and steam. COMPRESSED AIR SYSTEM . COOLING TOWERS The cooling water requirement of ammonia. Cooled water is circulated from cooling tower to various heat exchange in the plant and the returned hot water is cooling tower and gets cooled in directed contact with cold air. Additionally . Six unit of water treatment plant each having the capacity to produced 140/hr of DM water have been provided to supply of the DM water for all the complex. As steam generation required water demineralization water. water treatment plants the raw water demineralization and other dissolved salts. Raw water from these bore wells is collected in raw water reservoir having the capacity of 33.396 M. This demineralization water is used for steam generation in boilers. This circulation type cooling water is eco – friendly as non – chromate is used for this treatment. Six condensate polishers unit of 120m/hr capacity each having also been provided to conserve and recycle contaminated condensates.In this plant.
air drier unit has been provided to produce air at very low drew point.One centralized compressed air system has been established to meet total compressed air requirement (both plant air and instrumental air) for ammonia Urea and other off – site facilities.200NM per hour at 8Kg/cm. The process is based on fractional distillation of air at low temperature. INERTGAS PLANT The equipment and vessels of ammonia .c temperature and atmospheric pressure. MAINTENACE To run a large complex of this magnitude at its peak efficiency and productivity. electrical. The compressed air system comprise of 6 reciprocating compressor each the capacity of 1. AMMONIA STORAGE A storage facility has been created to facilitate uninterrupted operation of ammonia plant in case of urea plant shut down. .urea and other plants required to be purged to eliminate explosive and toxic gases before putting for maintenance and catalysts are also to be kept under nitrogen atmosphere for its protection when the plant is under shut down. Additionally one centrifugal compressor of 5000NM/hr capacity has been installed to meet all the requirement of the plants. Maintenance function comprising mechanical.000MT capacity have been provided to store liquid ammonia at -33. For this purpose. inert gas plant has been provided to 600NM/hr of high gaseous nitrogen at a pressure of 7Kg. Two refrigerated ammonia storage tanks each of 10. The storage facility comprises of safety system in its operational procedure.
An intensive management reporting system being practiced to keep all the function and head office abreast of . rotors. civil and telecommunication disciplines has been created. reactors etc is carried out using internal resources. Several in-house schemes have been developed and implemented to improve the efficiency and energy consumption. controlled centers. pumps. For efficient operation of chemical process plants. TECHNICAL SERVICE Our plant operation and maintenance is ably supported by technical services. A large power distribution network has been created and maintained for uninterrupted operation of the plants. compressors. Various types of equipment repair and keeping it operation worthy. transformation. Our plants are having most modern instrumentation is micro processor based using large array of electronies. heat exchangers. effective instrumentation and control with precision are essential. This network is monitored and controlled by software called programmable Logic Control (PLC).instrumentation. it requires high level of preventive maintenance on turbines. vessels. The network involves various substation. is carried out in-house This large plant complex comprises of various mechanical equipments supplied indigenously as well as from abroad. It’s main objective is to study the plant problems and provide solutions for de-bottlenecking covering various aspects of the plants. emergency power supply etc.
The library boasts of more than 3. MANAGEMENTS INFORMATION SYSTEM In keeping peace with changing times. of clients and 5Nos. The network comprises of 200Nos. Quality control laboratory and training center also from of a part of technical services.0 on it.000 volumes of books and standards and more than 10. Zero-effluent from various . The connected to all units. Aonla Units own website has been placed on internet so as other to know about the success story of Aonla Unit. ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT IFFCO understands its responsibility towards the environment. Lotus Notes 4. Beside this is technical library has been provided to the next some demand of human supplement the latest professional information.000 plant related documentation.5 on window NT facilities E-Mail within and outside world. IBM Rs. of servers. All functional areas of the unit have been computerized. 60000 is the main server having AIX and Oracle 8. Rest is window NT and Network servers. All networking components like state of art switches and have been the provided by IBM. The unit has a campus wide computer network using client server technology. Most of the clients are Pentium and Pentium MMX computers. head office and marketing offices via satellite through NICNE. therefore to maintain the ecological balance. MIS has been given due status at AONLA Unit.latest development and as decision support system. Fiber Optical Cable about 7Km length runs through out the plants and forms the nerve system of network.
The environment parameters which are monitored are well below the MINAS and other pollution standards. a full fledged laboratory has been established to monitor quality of production process at various stages round the clock and as well as inputs and final product urea. Moisture analyzer. Some of the important environment management facilities provided de-dusting system. Atomic absorption. Data processors and gas chromatograph are some of the important instruments provided in the laboratory. QUALITY CONTROL Being an ISO:9002 unit. Spectrophotometer. . A part from this the laboratory also monitors the quality of liquid and gaseous effluents discharged from the factory. disc-oil separator. A large 80 meter wide green belt has been created around the plant. Plasma emission. The lagoons area has become natural habitat for the migratory birds during the winter season and can excel as any picnic resort. Dissolved oxygen analyzer. The air quality is also monitored continuously. non – chromate cooling water treatment program and separate effluent treatment plant. IFFCO Aonla lays much emphasis on customer satisfaction through quality objective. hydrolyser. Flue Gas analyzer. Nitrogen analyzer.plants undergo extensive treatment are collected in lagoons from where it is used for irrigation of the green belt. The laboratory is well equipped with state of art instrument based on micro processor technology which have been found to be amply in conducting difficult analysis with case and precision.
various safety seminars. Training is also arranged in house as well as at the other prestigious institution. air breathing apparatus. safety belts. Most of the employees are recruited as trainees and then required to undergo extensive off the job training in various disciplines. To inculcate safety habit in each of the employee. personal protective equipment. training and competition are organized from time to time. A fully functional training and development section has been created to provide learning avenues to the employees. Fire and safety section has been provided with sophisticated and proof clothing. explosive meters. A detailed on – site – emergency plan has been developed and practiced at regular intervals to maintain pre – preparedness to meet any eventually. Therefore. HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT Employee development leads to the organization development. .FIRE AND SAFETY Safety and fire prevention being the primary factor of well being of an organization. Other managerial and development. IFFCO has grasped this fundamental truth. a well equipped fire and safety has been established in addition to various built in safety features of the plants and their technology. The development activities do not with employees but extended to the families also.
family planning and social marketing are the few activities undertaken in these villages.COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IFFCO being an institution. Our township is miniature of India having people from all corners of the country. IFFCO TOWNSHIP IFFCO township spread over an area of 560 acres having 1085 house is situated at Bareilly-Aonla road in the front of factory. hospital. recreation club. Medical camps. community center. swimming pool. Subah ladies club of township also play active part in social welfare by running an education center the education has been established in village Sainda near Aonla on unit which provide fertilizers. Hand pump. other amenities have been provided in the surrounding village. pesticides and seed to the formers. All the festivals of India are celebrated with equal zeal and enthusiasm. school building. cable T V. free distribution of medicines. Aonla unit has adopted several villages under its village development scheme. Township has its own shopping center. roads construction. is committed to work for the improvement of the socio-economic conditions of rural population around the plant. It provides all modern facilities. polio and diphtheria vaccines. A part this. regular marketing bus facility has also been provided for the employees and their dependents. open air theater. . stadium temple and school for the children of the employees. amenities and recreational aspects to all employees residing in the township.
. Employees from all corners of country with different language and cultures live in the township making it mini-India.The township is well maintained with planned row of houses. lush green lawns. trees. parks and wide roads and second to none of the settlement.
.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY This section deals with the methodology used in the present investigation. Present study is survey type in nature involves employees of at IFFCO. details of samples and statistical treatment though which data have been obtained and analysed. 2 – Population – Employees of IFFCO at Aonla unit. 1 – Research design. Their responses were analyzed using statistical techniques. It comprises a series of prior decision that are taken together and provide a plan for executing an project. B – Technical staff C – Non – technical staff Employees were given a questionnaire to fill various level satisfaction among employees due to place & procedure of management. . It describes with the nature of study.Research design refers to pattern or outline of a research project working. The tool used in study . Aonla unit are categorized in three categorized – A – Management staff. the questionnaire is attached as a appendix.
5 – Data collection – I personally visited all department to have information selected samples. I distributed questionnaire among selected respondent. B – Technical staff / supervision C – Non – technical staff /supervision Random sample of 30 employees were selected from 1st & 2nd strata and 36 from 3rd strata. I adopted appropriate statistical techniques to get the answers required. work environment. Then there questionnaires were filled up by respondents I called them. There strata made in population are : A – Management staff. approach of management and various policies of managenment. . After observation and brief talks. They were fill up general information and then given answer to all the items mentioned. 6 – Statistical technique – After collection of data. This contains both open and cleared ended questionnaire related to service rates.3 – Sample – To work on whole population is done through a sample of population considering that sample represent the characteristics of population stratified random sampling sampling method to was used. 4 – Tools – To study various satisfaction level of employees a questionnaire designed by me with the help of available literatures & project guide.
Whether by employers. welfare services . government and employees or by any social or charitable agency. The purpose of labour welfare is to bring about the development of whole personality of workers to make him a good citizen. moral. over and above what is laid down by or what is normally accepted on the part of the contacted benefits for which worker may have bargained.” According to a publication of ILO. Welfare measures may be introduced by the employers. and economic betterment of the workers. According to Arthur James Todd. physical.” According to the committee on labour welfare. 2 – SCOPE OF LABOUR WELFARE The labour investigation committee preferred to include under ‘labour welfare’ anything done for intellectual. of the employee over and above the wages paid which is not a necessity of the industry. “Labour welfare means anything done for the comfort and improvement. intellectual or social. facilities and amenities which may be established in on in the vicinity of undertaking to enable the persons employed.1 – MENING OF LABOUR WELFARE The term of ‘labour welfare’ ‘employee welfare’ and ‘worker welfare’ are used interchanged to denote various services provided by the employers to the employees in addition to wages. by government or by other agencies. “worker” welfare should be understood as meaning with services.
In India industrial worker. . adult education. recreation. The other important benefits of welfare the services are given below: • A welfare facilities provides better physical and mental health to the work and makes them happy. It is a very broad team covering from social security to such activities medical aid. 3 – SIGNIFICANCE OF LABOR WELFARE The logic behind providing welfare facilities is to create efficient. Labour welfare includes both statutory as well as non statutory activities undertaken by any of the three agencies-employers. get the benefits of various welfare facilities.should mean such services and facilities and amenities as adequate canteens. healthy and satisfied labour force for the organization and also for the nation. arrangement transport of labour to end the place of residence. the accommodation of workers employed at a distance from their homes and such other services. housing. trade unions or the government for the physical and mental development of workers. both as a compensation for wear and tear that he undergoes as a part of production process and also to enable him sustain and improve upon the basic capacity of contribution to the process production. canteen. amenities and facilities including social security measures. which contribute to condition under which worker are employed. crèche. The purpose is to provide them better life and also to make them happy and efficient. arrangement for travel to and fro. sanitary and medical facilities. rest and recreation facilities.
• Employees services serve to maintain some degree of peace with the employees union in as much as constitute a considerable part of the bargaining package. drinking etc are reduced. The harmony and the good relation that results are the king pin of higher productivity. • An employer is able to attract talented workers from the labour market by providing a attractive welfare facilities. They also find their work interesting. • Employers secure the benefits of high affiance.• Such service facilities like housing scheme. • Labour welfare measures raise labour productivity and bring industrial peace and cordial labour management relation. • The social evils prevalent in the labour force such as gambling. education and recreation facilities for the worker’s families helps create contended workers families. This will help them to devote mind towards their work. . medical benefits. cordial industrial relation and law labour absenteeism and turnover ratio. • Employer get stable force due to the provision of welfare facilities work active interest in their jobs and work with a feeling of involvement and satisfaction. Welfare activities bring improvement in the health of the worker and keep them cheerful through entertainment facilities. The gain terms of productivity and quality of work with bee large indeed.
• Arrangement of proper working condition such as proper lighting. • Other activities for the welfare of worker.4 – CONSTITUENTS OF LABOUR WELFARE ACTIVITIES Dr. drinking water. It includes the arrangements protection against dangerous machine. These facilities include the following• Scientific selection of appointment of worker for different jobs • Provisions of industrial training for different jobs. . fresh air. fire and extreme fluctuations of power etc. ventilation etc • Arrangement for the prevention of accident. These activities include the following• Arrangement for the education and training for the worker and the facilities of education for the children of the workers. B – Extra – mural activities These are the activities that are provided by an enterprise for the welfare of their employees outside the enterprise. such as the facilities of canteen. facilities of restrooms etc. has divided labour welfare activities into two categories as followsA – Intra – mural activities In this category of labour welfare activities. those facilities are included which are made available to the workers within organization. Broughton. • Facilities of health and medical care for the and employees and their family members.
• Arrangement of proper housing. • Facilities of transportation to collect the employees from their home and to drop back them. • Provision of nourishing food to the employees at the price that they can afford. the arrangement can be made for clubs. 5 – OBJECTIVE OF LABOUR WELFARE ACTIVITES Important objective of labour welfare activities are as follows• To provide proper working conditions to the workers so they may be encouraged to stay in the enterprise. • Provision for provident fund. • To encouraged the feeling of integration among employees. . accommodation for the rent that can afford easily. • To establish harmonious relation between labour unions. • Increase and maintain the efficiency of the workers. • Provision for gratuity and pension. gymnasiumetc. • Arrangement of co-operative societies from the employees may purchase the good and service of daily use at reasonable prices. libraries reading – room. • Group insurance scheme. • Facilities of recreation for this purpose. employees and the government.
Provision of labour welfare activities helps in reducing this rate because the worker feel themselves well settled at one place. . C – Helpful in reading the ratio of absenteeism and labour turnover – The rate of absenteeism and labour turnover is much higher in India compared to that of the develoed countries the world. Such feeling among the employees is helpful in establishing industrial peace B – Increase in responsibilities of workers – Provision of labour welfare activities in an enterprise increase the sense of responsibility among its employees because they feel that should work to the best of their efficiency and ability to justify the facilities they are getting.6 – NEED/IMPOTANCE OF LABOUR WELFARE ACTIVITES IN INDIA In all the developed countries of the world. the employees are providing best working conditions to their employees and they are introducing all the possible labour welfare activities. Following are reasons why labour welfare activities are important in IndiaA – Establishment of industrial peace – Labour welfare activities helps in establishing harmonious relations between employees and employers. Employees relies that they are getting all the possible facilities and employer take care of them. The importance of labour welfare activities is much greater in our country because there are certain deficits in India Labour Force.
Above discussion makes it clear that if clear that if adequate and suitable labour welfare activities are undertaken in the country. Provision of nourishing food and medical facilities help in maintaining health and physical ability of employees. These facilities help in developing the feeling of dedicating among them. It increase the productive of worker and reduces the possibilities of industrial accident.Most of the Indian worker are illiterate and untrained. E – Helpful in maintaining Health and physical Ability of Employee – Most of the Indian workers unhealthy and fed it reduces the production capacity of the employees. it will make . It minimizes the need of supervision also. Due to the increase in efficiency. Provision of labour welfare activities play an important role in reducing such poverty and in providing essential plays an important role in reducing such poverty and in providing essential to the worker. Most of the worker in our country is unable in providing for bare necessities for themselves and their family members. G – Helpful in providing education and training to the worker . F – Helpful in reducing the state of poverty among employees – A great problem in industrial development of our country is the extreme poverty of Indian worker. Provisions of the facilities of education and training to them. the production and the productivity of the enterprise increase considerable. This situation causes a great hindrance in adopting latest technology and in introducing changes.D – Increase in Efficiency of Employees – Labour welfare activities increase the efficiency of employees to work.
services and amenities provided to workers for improving their health economic betterment and social status. The basic features of welfare measures are as follows – A – Labour welfare includes various facilities. It will increase the production and productivity of the enterprise also. These are not from of employee’s good will or charity to the workers butt is objective of the organization. The modern concept of labour welfare entails all those activities of employees. yet they are necessary for the health of the organization since they bear closed connection with the productivity of the employees.Indian worker more efficient and productive. That is why test are merely factors and not motivate. It is not only in the interest of the employee to provide them with necessary medical benefits. but also in the interest of the organization itself. B – Welfare measures are in addition to regular wages and other economic benefits to workers due to legal provision and collective bargainihg. retirement benefits etc. The employees feel satisfied if are provided with such and they also feel committed to the organization. It will improve their working condition and their economic standard. So the money spent by employees on providing labour welfare activities to their employees is in their own benefit. Labour welfare is a dynamic concept as new welfare measures are added to the existing ones along with social change. . Labour welfare are help them to perform their health and bring high morals. recreation facilities. It is also a comprehensive concept. which are directed toward providing the employees with certain facilities and service in addition to wages or salaries.
The international labour conference at its 39th session enumerated the following facilities as labour welfare activitiesA – Feeding facilities.C – Labour welfare measure is flexible and ever changing. amenities and facilities provided by the employees other than wages. On the whole. libraries. recreational facilities. But outside the organization. 7 – SCOPE OF WELFARE ACTIVITIES Labour welfare activities include all services. . Within the organization. physical. these include provision of medical benefits. these services may be basically of three types :A – Economic. education of children of employees. B – Rest and recreation facilities. sports fields. “For our part we prefer to include welfare activities anything done for the intellectual. canteen. They may also include meals and refreshments supplied free of cost or at subsidized rates to the employee. moral and economic betterment of the workers whether by employer. rest room etc. Now welfare is add to the existing ones from time to time. medical advice for the family etc. The labour Investigation committees stated. welfare arrangement include provision of housing accommodation. by government or by other agencies over and above what is laid down by law” 8 – TYPES OF WELFARE ACTIVITIES Welfare services relate to physical and social well being of the employees both within and outside the organization. C – Transportation to and from the work place to their homes etc.
Some organization has a scheme of family pension. The employee often needs money for purchase of cycle. Establishing a proper pension program will reduce dissatisfaction in the area of economic security. Similarly. Some organization has a scheme of family pension. which is paid back by the employees in the from of monthly installments to be deducted from their salaries. in case of demise of employee. sewing machine. Some organization also helps the employees to start of the employers or consumers co-operative stores to provide the workers with customer’s goods at no profit no loss basis. credit facilities etc. the employer may contribute towards the premium of life insurance of each employee. The also be inducted to build up their own fund for future contingencies. Similarly. Generally. which provides for payment of pension to family members. TV.g. marriage and other religious requirements. The employer may advance them the money. In such case and at other time e. which provide for payment of pension to family members in case of demise of employee. Pension is a kind of deferred payment to meet the need of employees in their old age. life insurance.B – Recreational C – Facilitative These are discussed below A – ECONOMIC – These provide some additional economic security over and wages of salaries. fan etc to raise their standard of living. scooter. . the employer may contribute towards the premium of life insurance of employee. the amount of pension is related to the last pay drawn and the total number of year of service. such as pension.
TV etc for the recreation of the employees. C – FACILITATIVE SERVICE These are conveniences which the employees ordinarily require such as1 – Canteen. It provides tear. libraries. Management may also provide for reading rooms. Their attitude improves when the routine of everyday living is broken occasionally. • There is a very large size canteen situated at main gate of the factory. Workers also need place or shelter for taking rest during leisure hours.B – RECREATIONAL SERVICES The employees are in need of occasional diversion. management may also arrange the employees will increase. In case of big organization. Hence almost all the factories are required to provide canteens whers food can be obtained either at a fair price or at subsidized rates. snacks. lunch and meals at very reasonable rate to the employees. Similarly may be provided where workers may take their food that they bring from their homes. For the purpose. The management may provide for indoor games like Table tennis in the common room for employees. management may provide for recreational facilities. radio. This is also a necessity for proper upkeep of health and efficiency. tea and room are available. Unless proper facilities for food. . health and consequential efficiency of the worker will go down. More agreeable informal atmosphere is promoted through the contacts and relationships built up in the recreational event. Rest Room and lush Room – Eating is naturally a very important thing for an employee to keep his health and efficiency in working.
One Physicians. • Fire section has been provided with fire fighting tenders rapid intervention vehicles. One lady Doctors and one child specialist. the bandages etc. a – Dispensary:. b – Health Centre/Hospital:. The organization may also prescribe doctors from whom the employees may get services in case of need. medical scheme is generally in operation under which reimbursement of medical expenses actually incurred is allowed. restrooms. They can start first aid treatment of the injured worker. In addition. • Air breathing apparatus etc. . reading rooms.• There are shelters coach rooms. • Safety belts.There is proper arrangement of a dispensary at factory area.In IFFCO there is a hospitals in the township to take of the employees and their families too. • Fire proof clothing’s personal protective equipments explosive meters. there is library (both at the plant and in the township) for the employees. are provided to the dispensary by IFFCO. 2 – Medical facilities – Health is one of for the most things for the employees and it is natural that there may be injuries because of accidents while working. So first aid facilities must be provided for within the factory premises. The medicines.
One administrative Assistant and pathology technician..IFFCO provide four Ambulance to there employees for the emergency period.Besides there as 5 minutes.5%. compensations are while in other cases.Emergency air/First aid appliance:. .There are well equipped first aid boxes readily available during all working hours at all the plants and offices respectively. This is a very liberal benefit to the employees to the owner of the house to the owner of the house during their tenure of service. loans are advanced to the employees to enable to construct or purchase their own house of flats. 3 – Housing facilities – Some organization construct flats for their employees and provide the same either free or at a nominal rent. d – Ambulance. This span is reduced according to the service of the employees concerned. In some cases. 4 – House Building loan . This rates is realized in a span of 20 years. One sweeper. 2 Ayas. c. House building loan 8 lakh with 5.The house building loans are granted to employees for construction /purchase of house & the loan is sanctioned on very liberal norms & on very normal rates of interest.
a – The advance is granted to employees of IFFCO who have regularly been appointed to the service of IFFCO and have completed three years services. b – HBL may be granted for 1. Purchase of Plot/Land. 2. To buy flats. 3. For Construction of House. 4. For Maintenance. c – The quant yam of loan will be such that carry that carry home pay after deduction of loan installments shall not be less than 50% of salary or Rs. 4000/- (whoever is less). 5 – Washing Facilities – It is necessary to provide washbasins and washing facilities to be conveniently accessible to all worker should be clean, properly separated and screened for the use male and female employees. The employees who are supply with the protective clothing/uniform are granted a working allowance at the rate of 5%of their basic pay. 6 – Educational Facilities – Educational facilities may be provided by the organization to the employees children by starting a school for them. 6 – Leave – The employees are having the facilities of following types of leaves-
a – Casual Leave – This is a 14 day leave during one calendar year (for-new employees pro-rate basis) but cannot be combined with any other leave unarailed CL will lapse at the end of the year i. e. 31st December. b – Earned Leave – 33 days after a completion of one year service (i.e. one day every eleven day worked) can be accumulates up to 240 days only. c – Medical Leave –20 day on a half pay in a year (leap year 18 days) This half pay leave can be computed as full pay i. e. 10 days Medical leave available only after completion of the 1 year service there leave are granted for a period of sickness of 3 day (inclusive of intervening, preceding & succeeding Sunday and holiday at a time) Supported by medical certificate can be accumulates up to 120 days full pay. Medical assistance : Number of family members (including the employee himself) For 2 family members For 3 family members Two type which are vogues i – Medical scheme A ii – Medical scheme B i – Medical scheme A – Under this employees are reimbursed with the medical expenses not exceeding the amount stated in the previous page. Ceiling for routine medical treatment per annum Rs. 2250/Rs 4500/-
ii – Medical scheme B – The entitlement of routine medical treatment may be reimbursed to the employee, without production of receipt, prescription etc. Every month not exceeding 1/12th of the limits under the clause. 7 – Leave travel concession :Existing schemes of LTC and LTC encashment under both the schemes i e ‘x’ and ‘y’ stand discontinued as on 31st dec,2007. Effective from 1-1-2007, LTC shall be limited to certain % of basic pay of an employee, to be based on such rules & regulations as notified from time to time, with the approval of the M. D. Many organization reimburse actual fares incurred by employee in undertaking a tour along with his or her spouse and minor children once during specified of years. 8 – Contribution provident fund and pension scheme: Provident fund 12%of basic & D A & out of this provident fund, contribution of Rs. 4170/- is transferred to pension scheme. 9 – Reimbursement of fixed local traveling expenses: Reimbursement of fixed local traveling expenses is Reimbursed to the employee @ 17% of their basic pay.
c – 7 day special CL if it is undergone by the male employee. No further advance shall be granted unless the earlier advanced is fully repai . 12 – Redemption scheme of House Building Loan: The employees who has taken House Building Loan. This is paid at actual to subjects to a foresaid limits. This allowance is admissible for a man for three children. Special casual leavea – 6 day CL in case of sterilization operation undergone by the employees. 11 – Incentive for family planning operation: Appreciable amount is to be for employee. no recovery of the house loan is made from the dependent family members of deceased employees and the dependent family member can become the owner of the house. once in a year few of interest. b – 14 day CL (special) in case of sterilization operation undergone by the female employee. The advance shall be recordable in not more than to equal monthly installments commencing from the salary of the following month. 13 – Salary Advance: A permanent employee may be allowed to draw an advance equal to one month’s salary (Basic + Dearness allowance) last drawn.10 – Education allowances: An education allowance is respect of school/college going children of employees paid @ 20% of their basic pay.
cycle or scooter. to motor-cycle & 30.000 Rs.000 Rs. smoke and gases.000 for scooter for grade – 2 employees and 72 equal monthly installments. And 12 Rs. for cycle. 15 – Productivity linked incentive scheme for the employees of IFFCO. on monthly basic @ 10% basic pay. Moped – For 20. 16 – Conveyance Advance: Now any one can though his entitlement may be mobbed. and 30 equal monthly installments. to moped to grade – 3 and 60 equal monthly installments.For 40. fumes and gases from the workroom for the clean environment and good health. smoke and gases In IFFCO take care and measures to removement of the dust. Bi-cycle--. per plat for any employees and worker.000 Rs. Motor – car --. fumes.3. it discharge at . subsidy will be paid to the employees. for grade – 4 employees. canteen. 17 – Elimination of dust.14 – Canteen subsidy – With effect from 1st April 2008.Actual cost on 90% of motor car for grade – 1 & above to 108 & equal monthly installments Motor – cycle/scooter--. there is proper arrangement to discharge the fumes.
a height of 96 meters and the content of NH3 and Urea in it is a low as a 6 ppm.At IFFCO there is sufficient and suitable arrangement of artificial and natural lighting and every part of a factory.IFFCO understands its responsibility forwards the environment. e – Sitting Arrangement:.There is suitable arrangement for sitting in IFFCO they provide a separate convert with comfortable seat and table and some other facilities for officer and for other workers they provided the comfortable seat and table. it increased during the manufacturing process. d – Control of Effluents:. There are shelters.At IFFCO the humanity of air is not artificially.IFFCO Aonla plant is setup at a very large so there is no question of overcrowding there is 15 cubic meter space for very workers. The effluent from various plants undergoes extensive treatment in effluent treatment plant (ETP) and this water is then used for irrigation. a – Humidity:. b – Overcrowding:. 18 – Drinking Water:IFFCO provide the sufficient number of water coolers at different places in the plants. c – Lighting:. . restroom and lunch room for some purpose.
goggles.19 – Waste Disposal:The effluent from various plants undergoes extensive treatment in ET plant and collected in lagoons from where they are used for irrigation of the green belt. It should be noted that expenditure on labour welfare is a profitable investment in the long run as it motivates the worker for higher productivity. • To provide protection against dangerous fumes and gases(which can used up to 35 minutes)worker are provided with breathing apparatus. sports. while other are purely voluntary in character. • 9 – THEROTICAL ASPECT OF WELFARE Labor welfare includes provision of various facilities and amenities in and around the work place for better life of the worker. It is a part and parcel of social welfare. . education cultural and other facilities. The term ‘social welfare’ cannot the welfare of the entire society whereas ‘labour welfare’ is a narrow concerned with the welfare of workers. dust mast. hand gloves to avoid any sort of inhalation fans to remove accumulated from workshop or from clothes of workers respectively. In India. some welfare facilities are compulsory as per labour laws. Labour welfare includes medical. 20 – Work men’s safety measures:• At IFFCO there is proper maintenance of machines and tools used. carpals or multy. The lagoons area has become natural habits for the migratory biros during winter season and can excel as any picnic resort. Safety helmet.
Labour welfare measures have the following objective. • Limited financial resources – negligible amount spent on welfare activities does not yield good results. the amount spent on labour in welfare work is sheer waste of money of money. • The administrative machinery in industries is overburdened. 11 – EVALUTION OF WELFARE MEASURES Is labour welfare measure waste of money? There are two views about this. The workers are poor and illiterate and generally blamed for being irresponsible and lazy. B – To make workers happy. satisfied and efficient. Labour welfare activities are necessary for improving their working conditions and their economic standards. 10 – NECESSITY OF WELFARE WORK IN INDIA Labour welfare activities in India are urgently needed because India is an industrial backward country and the working conditions are not satisfactorily Indian industries. C – To relive worker from industrial fatigue and to improve intellect and material condition of living of the workers. According to the first view. • Workers do not contribute anything towards welfare founds • Suspicions by employees – employees take this welfare measure as to undermine the influence of trade unions. held by most of the employees in India. • . Welfare activities have not direct and immediate effect on labours efficiency and productivity. A – To provide better life and health to the workers. Their arguments are as under.
• Worker real wages are increased. scholarships. • Workers feel themselves satisfied with work. the welfare activity if well planned and well organized repay the employer in the run because it increases efficiency and productivity of workers in the following ways. 12 – CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS Charitable organizations conduct social welfare activities. . • Welfare measures recognize the human values. etc.• Labour policy and practices in India are quite unsatisfactory. which are useful to all section facilities. • Welfare measures recognize the human values. the contribution of such organization in labour welfare is not so significant. However. • It ensures healthy and enlightened citizens. • A sense of responsibility is developed. According to the second view. • Labour absenteeism and turnover ratio declines.
1948 REGARDING LABOUR WELFARE Section 42 to 49 of the factories act. 42 to 45 apply to all factories irrespective of the number of workers employed. These provisions are discussed belowA – WASHING FACILITY (SEC.42) In every factory (a) adequate and suitable facilities for washing shall be provided and maintained for the use of worker there in. 1948 contain specific provisions relating to welfare of labour. (c) such facilities shall be conveniently and shall be kept clean. make rules requiring the provisions there in of suitable place for keeping clothing not worn during working hours and for drying of wet clothing. inspect of any factory or class or description of factories. (b) separate and adequately screened facilities shall be provided for of male and female workers.43) The state government may. 46 to 49 are applicable to factories employing more than a specified number of worker. C – FACILITIES FOR SITTING (SEC. in . B – FACILITIES FOR STORING AND DRYING CLOTHING (SEC.44) In every factory. suitable arrangements for sitting shall be provided and maintained for all workers obliged to work in a standing position.A PROVISION OF FACTORIES ACT. sec. Sec.
furniture and other equipments of the canteen. • The standards in respect of construction. accommodation. • The foodstuffs to be served therein and charge which may be made therefore. • The items of expenditure in running of canteens which are not to be taken in to account in fixing the cost of good staffs and which shall be borne by the employer.45) There shall in every factory be provided and maintained so as to be readily accessible during all working hours first aid box or cupboard to be provided and maintained shall not be less than one hundred and fifty workers ordinarily employed at one time in the factory.46) The state government may make rules requiring that in any specified factory where in more than two hundred and fifty shall be provided and maintained by the occupied for the use of the workers. Such rules may provide for – • The date by which such canteen shall be opened.order that the take advantage of any opportunities for rest which may occur in the course of their work. D – FIRSTAID AND APPLIANCES (SEC. • The constitution of managing committee for the canteen and representative of the worker in the management of canteen. . E – CANTEENS (SEC.
49) In every factory where in five hundred or more workers are ordinary employed.F – SHELTERS. shall be maintained in a clear and sanitary condition and shall be under the change of may make rules for providing additional facilities for the care of children for washing and changing their clothing and providing them free milk and to feed them by the mothers at the necessary interval in any factory.48) In every factory where in more than 30 women workers are ordinarily employed. adequate and suitable shelters of rest room and a suitable in the lunch room. where worker can eat meals brought by them. shall be adequately lighted and ventilated. shall be provided and maintained. . H – WELFARE OFFICERS (SEC. the occupied.47) In every factory where n more than one hundred and fifty worker are ordinarily employed. the occupier shall employee in the factory such number of welfare officers as may be prescribed. REST ROOM AND LUNCH ROOM(SEC. there shall be provided and maintained a suitable room for the use of children and under the age of six years of such women employees. G – CRECHES(SEC. with provision of drinking water. such room shall provide adequate accommodation.
7 – Kandla. . 4 – The strong capacity with cooperative is being steadily augmented with the help of world loan finance. semonspation. IFFCO has allwage allowed competitive term & condition to its marketers like stale Apex Cooperative its marketing federation the societies. 5 – Cooperative enjoy a high serge of creditability & reputation among farmer for the quality at the product distributed by them. 2 – Direct relation with customer that make their job to read their customers. Phulpur. & Aonla unit have been awarded 150-14001 certificates by M/s by Q1 London & Kalol & Aonla units also get the 1509002 certificates M/s Kpmg peat man width for most efficient & quality wise as well as environment oriented unit. 6 – As a matter of the policy. Kalol.SWOT ANALYSIS Strength 1 – Cooperatives are voluntary organization pf farmers are the actual end users with services with as than primenatto. former meeting. 3 – High consumer a varness due to heavy promotion. black.
2 – IFFCO needs a unique selling proposition (USP) the current advertising or exciting. 3 – Due to the induction of the state public sector agencies like agro industries co-operative the distribution system of IFFCO has been affected. 6 – Law uniform policy has been involved for sharing of distribution margin between the various item of cooperative network in each state to sustain the vital retail function being performed by the primary operation lost in course of time.8 – IFFCO enjoys the status of being the largest producer of the urea in the word in a single country. WEAKNESS 1 – More efforts have to be made in enhancing the allocation of urea & DAP in southern & eastern parts of the country. 5 – Many a time the secretary of the cooperative security is not a village & hence his identity with the local farmers community is not well established and due to this reason some societies do not even have the services of a felt time paid servitor. 4 – Adequate cash credit accommodation is not available to such primary cooperative societies under where credit flow has been checked out to high default rate & hence they have to resort to cash sale of fertilizer. .
2 – IFFCO has to modify/strengthen the cooperative so as to sale its increased volumes fuel competition from the private travel serve the farming community in more effective manner & make the cooperative strong enough to cope with load of their responsibilities. 4 – IFFCO could set up a cooperative unit for HDPE bag Manu fracturing . 8 – As a matter of principle IFFCO has to market its active production through the cooperative system the cooperative is not developing fast enough in order to absorb all the additional volumes offered on likely to be offered by IFFCO. 3 – It can enlarge its infrastructure by setting pesticide chemical unit and hence can give rise to new cheaper & service to the formers. OPPORTUNITIES 1 – IFFCO thrust will continue to be on service to the farming community by conducting need based area specific agricultural extension and promotional the scheme for the benefits of farmer have to be further strength.7 – Customer prefer HDPE page as packaging of fertilizer because of its multiple user but due to pressure from government IFFCO is using both HDPE page & jute bag for packaging purpose.
fertilizer unit to increase the agriculture production without affecting the environment which we can say is a part of eco.5 – It would play a of catalyst in promoting rural sports & equipper rural limited 6 – In the event if control of urea IFFCO might enter in fertilizer export market 7 – IFFCO has set up bio. . Friendly strategy of IFFCO to increase the cooperative share to have an edge over the completions. 3 – Railway limited number of wagons production is increasing day by day which hampered transportation 4 – The involvement of state public sector agencies which sell their fertilizer threatened the market share of – operative. 2 – Government polices regarding subsiclicaseey reutilizes as such there is all wage feel of declaring subsidy. THREATS 1 – Because of crop’s policy on eleconiral to phosphate drupe in NPK fertilizer consumption and widen of NPK fertilizer ratio posing season threats to the fertilizer in elusions.
5 – The time has come for the cooperative to adopt an aggressive marketing strategy to notch the increasing competition as also the flexibility & resilience of the private traceless. 6 – The future of the fertilizer industry will be development if the government takes a policy to mark or by option. in view of low international price. . which is take about quite after.
In view of 80% staff there are good facilities of training for trainees & apprentices similarly sports activities by 60% staff while 30 are not satisfied .FINDING & INTERPRETATION Management Staff There are various schemes on practice at IFFCO Aonla unit for the satisfaction of employees and their involvements for more productivity. 30% staff opinioned that they had always natural and important attitudes towards the employees while 70% frankly that occasionally followed this trend. Fringe benefits provided by the organization again induce lot of involvement of the manager for their better productivity. In the present study 30% have shown to be very attractive.5% feels that not much attractive. while 30% had a view that they way attractive. in the present study satisfaction was shown by 90% while 10% was of the opinion that fringe benefits are not attractive and there is scope for further improvement. satisfactory response was felt by 50% of the staff 12. 50% of the major have shown moderator satisfaction provided by IFFCO while only 10% are fairly satisfied to their maximum in contract to there satisfactory level surprisingly their 10% management staff showed disappointment. Technical Staff The survey about the schemes revealed that in opinion of 70% are very attractive. In view of winning the confidence of the employees.
In terms of entertainment 40% are satisfied while 60% are not satisfied. 27. and in programs are very poor 82. in view of 5. activities allowances and working condition etc.5% of workers schemes are attractive 27.7% it is just fair 16. In case of facilities.5% 66% in favor of transfer.55% it is poor. in opinion of.7% in satisfactory position with promotion scheme.5% staff is well satisfied 28.& surprisingly 10% viewed that they are poor.5% of workers are satisfied with fringe benefits In case of responsiveness of managers to solve the disputes. In case of health care 90% stratified 10% not.5% feels that schemes are not attractive and poor response are shown by 5.satisfied.55% are satisfied. IFFCO Aonla unit has adopted welfare schemes. 55.71.5% managers are not satisfied. The relationship is good in opinion of 30% manager & very good in opinion of 50% manager and 20& managers have a view that the relationship is trust fair. 27. It is interesting to know that 100%is showing interest in the welfare of the employees of the organization & also concern about their fly grievance. Non – technical staff Worker at grass root level in the organization or to say to be very important for better development in the unit. In case . In case of working conditions 30% satisfied & 50% are not.
relationship between mangers and workers of IFFCO Aonla. . fixation of pay & decentralization of certain power.4% it is good and very good .6% are completely agreed to such activity.1% it is the excellent 44. 11.4% worker do not agree with that the welfare scheme are satisfactory 33% disagree with this view and 16. it is fair 44. The worker also have positive attitude towards betterment and development of good promotional polices redressed of grievance.
• In some areas at lower lever level the workers are not participative because mostly they are illiterate and didn’t understand the meaning of research because of this collection data is a big problem for the research. so the employees might have faced some problem to fill the questionnaire. • The technical support was not satisfactory and the employees were not aware about the computer knowledge also. • The research was based on the subjective knowledge rather than the objective one. . • Most of the questionnaire was filled in the research. • People were not giving the actual data because of this the ambiguous data has been collected & creates problem at the time of analysis & interpretation.LIMITATIONS • The project report was completed with in the project of 8 weeks which was not the sufficient time to evaluate the hole scheme of IFFCO • The guidance provided by guide was not quite complete because of lack of time and their busy schedule.
• All workers were concentrating yet there were few who varying clinical about market survey and found that useless. some would for the best known to them gave wrong data or would not give any information at all.• Findings have been revealed by the researcher who are enthusiastic but have little experience in the field of research. .
• Be clearly on articulated and adaptable to changing business condition. • Be based on organization ability to pay and industry bench marking study. • Provide flexibility with in reward frame work so that individual business units can vary their programs based on their differing business needs. • Support desired behavior at all style. . • Be regularly reviewed.RECOMMENDATION • Principle and strategies are related to labour must be as follows.
The most significant impact of IFFCO of ambitions plan for growth and globalization will be on the employee welfare as well as human resource of the organization being the single most critical resource which detainee the effective utilization of all other resources or the organization in turn world have ascending implementation for welfare function which by its role definition is responsible for the effective acquisition, development and utilization for the welfare to achieve organization goals. With the changing business scenario the challenges for the employee welfare function will be unused that the welfare polices remain will aligned not only with the business polices of the company, but also with the changing needs & expectation of its employees. It will also have to ensure the development of the employee welfare in term empowering them with the necessary knowledge. Skill, leadership, competencies and alive the innovative capabilities for ganging competitiveness in the market. The would demand from the employee where welfare a higher degree of sensitivity to the environment and the scanning of the existing welfare polices on the continues basis to keep them need based on the time. Endeavourer will conclude in its true sprite during the years to come.
EMPHASIS ON : 1 – To make the welfare schemes more effective. 2 – To encourage participation culture. 3 – To make policies regarding wage structure, bones and other related to the employees benefit. 4 – To promote harmonious relation between workers and management. 5 – To make representative to the authorities in regard to their services, conditions, housing medical and other . CONCLUSION 1 – The most significant impact of ambitions plan for growth and globalization will be on the employee welfare as well as human resources of the organization being the single most critical resources which determine the effective utilization of all other resources of the organization. 2 – With the changing business scenario the challenges for the employees welfare function will be ensured that the welfare polices remain will be aligned only with the business policies of the company, but also with the changing needs and expectation of its employees.
3 – It will also help to ensure the developing of the employees welfare in terms of empowering them the necessary knowledge, skill, leadership, competence.
8 – Employees should be familiar with the working conditions. They should also be informed about status as compared to any other organization. carrier grown rules.SUGGESTION 1 – To make the welfare scheme more effective. 7 – Employees should be informed about objective and goals of company. 3 – To promote harmonious relation between workers and management. 10 – On earning profit loans schemes should be enhanced. 5 – An organization is IFFCO should promote the education of workers. 4 – Reducement in the voluntary workers. procedure and policies. 2 – To encourage participation culture. . 6 – Employees should be fully explained about companies policies. 9 – The quality of working life and other programs related to HRD may be improved through proper training of the staff concerned.
13 – Award job punishment policy should also be implemented. . 12 – Transparency regarding promotion issues of staff & other should be kept .11 – Communication between management & worker should always be fragment . 15 – Training & development should not be conducted in manner. 14 – Level of participation responsibility should be increased keeping in mind the population belief on achievement. where as the continuity to subject & duration should be maintained.
com 5 – Business today 6 – All Indian Human Resource Association magaines .BIBLIOGRAPHY 1 – IFFCO monthly magazine 2 – IFFCO journal 3 – IFFCO Directors (HR) survey and research report 4 – www.IFFCO.
No .What type of labour welfare should be hers.Can not say Q: 2 – Are you happy with your present wages and allowances? A.Tick the correct answer Q: 1 – Do Labour welfare play any role in the organization? A.No B.Yes C.Yes C.Monetary C.Can not say Q: 3 – Whether you are satisfaction with welfare activities being arranged by IFFCO? A. A.QUESTIONNAIRE Name of Employee: -------------------------------------------------------Age: --------------------------------Gender---------------------------------Designation: ----------------------------------------------------------------Department: -----------------------------------------------------------------Period of service: -----------------------------------------------------------NOTE: .No B.Can not say Q: 4 .Yes C.Both B.Non monetary D.Partially above B.
Can not say Q: 7 .Both B.Should it be same for all level of executive or non executive in any group? A.Not B.Independently E.Yes C.Group C.Need of employees B.No Q: 9 .Profitability link B.Depend upon the labour welfare Q: 11 .Compulsion Q: 8 .Performance link C.Which type of labour welfare would you like to choose for yourself? A.All of above B.Monetary C.Satisfaction D.should be C.Partially D.Can not say .Motivation C.Can not say Q: 10 .Competition E.Which area is affected by welfare? A.Non monetary D.Does labour welfare achieve desired result? A.How should it be given to the employees? A.What are the objective of the welfare? A.Both B.Productivity link D.Q: 6 .
partially Q: 14 – Should it adopted by IFFCO continuously for a long period? A.100% C.How much extent do employees get satisfaction? A.Does employees satisfied for taking welfare? A.Fully C.Can not say B.25% B.Q: 12 .Can not say Q: 13 .75% E.Yes C.50% B.No .