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Q. No. 1 – 25 Carry One Mark Each
1. Consider the following statements regarding the complex Poynting vector P
for
the power radiated by a point source in an infinite homogeneous and lossless
medium.
( )
Re P
denotes the real part of P
. S denotes a spherical surface whose
centre is at the point source, and
ɵ
ndenotes the unit surface normal on S. Which
of the following statements is TRUE?
(A)
( )
Re P
remains constant at any radial distance from the source
(B)
( )
Re P
increases with increasing radial distance from the source
(C)
( )
s
Re P .ndS
∫∫
remains constant at any radial distance from the source
(D)
( )
s
Re P .ndS
∫∫
decreases with increasing radial distance form the source
Answer:  (D)
Exp: 
( )
S
ˆ Re P .nds
∫∫
gives average power and it decreases with increasing radial
distance from the source
2. A transmission line of characteristic impedance 50Ω is terminated by a 50Ω load.
When excited by a sinusoidal voltage source at 10GHz, the phase difference
between two points spaced 2mm apart on the line is found to be
4
π
radians. The
phase velocity of the wave along the line is
(A)
8
0.8 10 m/ s × (B)
8
1.2 10 m/ s × (C)
8
1.6 10 m/ s × (D)
8
3 10 m/ s ×
Answer:  (C)
Exp: 
0
Z 50 = Ω;
L
Z 50 = Ω
For
4
π
radians the distance is 2mm
The phase velocity
10
7 8
P
3
2 10
v 16 10 1.6 10 m/ s
2
16 10
−
−
ω × π ×
= = = × = ×
π β
×
3. An analog signal is bandlimited to 4kHz, sampled at the Nyquist rate and the
samples are quantized into 4 levels. The quantized levels are assumed to be
independent and equally probable. If we transmit two quantized samples per
second, the information rate is ________ bits / second.
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  Since two samples are transmitted and each sample has 2 bits of information,
then the information rate is 4 bits/sec.
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4. The root locus plot for a system is given below. The open loop transfer function
corresponding to this plot is given by
(A) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
s s 1
G s H s k
s 2 s 3
+
=
+ +
(B) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
2
s 1
G s H s k
s s 2 s 3
+
=
+ +
(C) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
1
G s H s k
s s 1 s 2 s 3
=
− + +
(D) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
s 1
G s H s k
s s 2 s 3
+
=
+ +
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  ' x' → indicates pole
' O' → indicates zero
The point on the root locus when the number of poles and zeroes on the real axis
to the right side of that point must be odd
5. A system is defined by its impulse response ( ) ( )
n
h n 2 u n 2 = − . The system is
(A) stable and causal (B) causal but not stable
(C) stable but not causal (D) unstable and noncausal
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  ( ) ( )
n
h n 2 u n 2 = −
( ) h n is existing for n>2 ; so that ( ) h n 0;n 0 = < ⇒ causal
( ) ( )
n n
n n n 2
h n 2 u n 2 2
∞ ∞ ∞
=−∞ =∞ =
= − = = ∞ ⇒
∑ ∑ ∑
System is unstable
6. If the unit step response of a network is
( )
t
1 e
−α
− , then its unit impulse response
is
(A)
t
e
−α
α (B)
1 t
e
− −α
α (C)
( )
1 t
1 e
− −α
− α (D) ( )
t
1 e
−α
− α
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  ( ) S t → step response
Impulse response ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
t t
d d
h t S t 1 e e
dt dt
α α
= = − = α
7. The output Y in the circuit below is always ‘1’ when
× × × o
jω
σ
0 1 − 2 − 3 −
P
Q
R
Y
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(A) two or more of the inputs P,Q,R are ‘0’
(B) two or more of the inputs P,Q,R are ‘1’
(C) any odd number of the inputs P,Q,R is ‘0’
(D) any odd number of the inputs P,Q,R is ‘1’
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  The output Y expression in the Ckt
Y PQ PR RQ = + +
So that two or more inputs are ‘1’, Y is always ‘1’.
8. In the circuit shown below, capacitors C
1
and C
2
are very large and are shorts at
the input frequency.
i
v is a small signal input. The gain magnitude
o
i
v
v
at 10M
rad/s is
(A) maximum (B) minimum (C) unity (D) zero
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  In the parallel RLC Ckt
L 10 H = µ andC 1nF =
7
g
6 9
1 1
10 rad/ s 10Mrad / s
LC
10 10 10
− −
ω = = = =
× ×
So that for a tuned amplifier, gain is maximum at resonant frequency
9. Drift current in the semiconductors depends upon
(A) only the electric field
(B) only the carrier concentration gradient
(C) both the electric field and the carrier concentration
(D) both the electric field and the carrier concentration gradient
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  Drift current, J E = σ
( )
n P
J n p qE = µ + µ
So that it depends on carrier concentration and electric field.
~
+
−
+
−
2kΩ
+
2
C
1
Q
o
v
1
C
2kΩ
i
v
2.7V
2kΩ
2kΩ
10 H µ
5V
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10. A Zener diode, when used in voltage stabilization circuits, is biased in
(A) reverse bias region below the breakdown voltage
(B) reverse breakdown region
(C) forward bias region
(D) forward bias constant current mode
Answer:  (B)
Exp: 
For Zener diode
Voltage remains constant in break down region and current carrying capacity in
high.
11. The circuit shown below is driven by a sinusoidal input ( )
i p
v V cos t /RC = . The
steady state output v
o is
(A)
( ) ( )
p
V / 3 cos t / RC (B)
( ) ( )
p
V / 3 sin t / RC
(C)
( ) ( )
p
V / 2 cos t /RC (D)
( ) ( )
p
V / 2 sin t /RC
Answer:  (A)
Exp: 
0 2
i 1 2
v z
v z z
=
+
where
2
1
z R 
j c
=
ω
and
1
z R
j c
1
= +
ω
( )
2
R
z
R jcw 1
=
+
Given
i p
1 t
w v v cos
RC RC
 
= =

\ ¹
∵
2
R
z
1 j
⇒ =
+
1
1
z R
j c
= +
ω
( )
1
R R 1 j
jR
= + ⇒ −
( )
0
i
R
v 1 1 1 j
R v 1 2 3
R 1 j
1 j
+
= = =
+
+ −
+
~ i
v
R
C
C
R
+
−
o
v
+
−
2
V
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12. Consider a closed surface S surrounding volume V. If r
is the position vector of a
point inside S, with
ɵ
n the unit normal on S, the value of the integral
s
5r.ndS
∫∫
ɵ
is
(A) 3V (B) 5V (C) 10V (D) 15V
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  Apply the divergence theorem
S v
5r.n.dx 5 .rdV = ∇
∫∫ ∫∫∫
( )
v
5 3 dv =
∫∫∫
= 15 V ( ) .r 3 and r is the position vector ∇ =
∵
13. The modes in a rectangular waveguide are denoted by
mn
mn
TE
TM
where m and n are
the eigen numbers along the larger and smaller dimensions of the waveguide
respectively. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
(A) The TM
10
mode of the wave does not exist
(B) The TE
10
mode of the wave does not exist
(C) The TM
10
and the TE
10
modes both exist and have the same cutoff
frequencies
(D) The TM
10
and TM
01
modes both exist and have the same cutoff frequencies
Answer:  (A)
Exp: 
10
TM mode doesn’t exist in rectangular waveguide.
14. The solution of the differential equation ( )
dy
ky, y 0 c
dx
= = is
(A)
ky
x ce
−
= (B)
cy
x ke = (C)
kx
y ce = (D)
kx
y ce
−
=
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  Given ( ) y 0 C = and
dy
ky,
dx
=
dy
kdx
y
⇒ =
kx c
lny kx c y e e = + ⇒ =
When ( ) y 0 C = ,
0
1
y k e = ∴ ( )
kx
1
y c e k C = = ∵
15. The ColumnI lists the attributes and the ColumnII lists the modulation
systems. Match the attribute to the modulation system that best meets it
ColumnI ColumnII
P Power efficient transmission of signals 1 Conventional AM
Q
Most bandwidth efficient transmission of
voice signals
2 FM
R Simplest receiver structure 3 VSB
S
Bandwidth efficient transmission of
signals with Significant dc component
4 SSBSC
(A) P4;Q2;R1;S3 (B) P2;Q4;R1;S3
(C) P3;Q2;R1;S4 (D) P2;Q4;R3;S1
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Answer:  (B)
Exp:  Power efficient transmission →FM
Most bandwidth efficient → SSBSC
Transmission of voice signal
Simplest receives structure → conventional AM
Bandwidth efficient transmission of → VSB
Signals with significant DC component
16. The differential equation ( )
2
2
d y dy
100 20 y x t
dt dt
− + = describes a system with an
input x(t) and an output y(t). The system, which is initially relaxed, is excited by
a unit step input. The output y(t) can be represented by the waveform
(A) (B)
(C) (D)
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  ( )
2
2
100d y 20dy
y x t
dt dt
− + =
Apply L.T both sides
( ) ( )
2
1
100s 20s 1 Y s
s
− + = ( ) ( ) ( )
1
x t u t x s
3
= =
∵
( )
( )
2
1
Y s
s 100s 20s 1
=
− +
So we have poles with positive real part ⇒ system is unstable.
( ) y t
t
( ) y t
t
( ) y t
t
( ) y t
t
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17. For the transfer function ( ) G j 5 j ω = + ω, the corresponding Nyquist plot for
positive frequency has the form
(A) (B)
(C) (D)
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  As we increases real part ‘5’ is fixed only imaginary part increases.
18. The trigonometric Fourier series of an even function does not have the
(A) dc term (B) cosine terms
(C) sine terms (D) odd harmonic terms
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  ( ) f t is even function, hence
k
b 0 =
Where
k
' b ' is the coefficient of sine terms
19. When the output Y in the circuit below is ‘1’, it implies that data has
(A) changed from 0 to 1 (B) changed from 1 to 0
(C) changed in either direction (D) not changed
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  When data is ‘0’, Q is ‘0’
And Q’ is ‘1’ first flip flop
Data is changed to 1
Q is 1 → first ‘D’
Q’ is connected to 2
nd
flip flop
So that
2
Q 1 =
So that the inputs of AND gate is ‘1’ y '1' ⇒ =
σ
jω
5
σ
jω
j5
σ
jω
1/ 5
σ
jω
1/ 5
D Q
Q
D Q
Q
Clock
Data
Y
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20. The logic function implemented by the circuit below is (ground implies logic 0)
(A) ( ) F AND P, Q = (B) ( ) F OR P, Q = (C) ( ) F XNOR P, Q = (D) ( ) F XOR P, Q =
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  From the CKT
O is connected to
0 3
' I ' & ' I '
And ‘1’ is connected to
1 2
I & I F PQ PQ ∴ = + ( ) XOR P, Q =
21. The circuit below implements a filter between the input current i
i
and the output
voltage v
o
. Assume that the opamp is ideal. The filter implemented is a
(A) low pass filter (B) band pass filter
(C) band stop filter (D) high pass filter
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  When W=0; inductor acts as a
0
S.C V 0 ⇒ =
And whenω = ∞ , inductor acts as a
0 1 1
O.C V i R ⇒ =
So it acts as a high pass filter.
22. A silicon PN junction is forward biased with a constant current at room
temperature. When the temperature is increased by 10ºC, the forward bias
voltage across the PN junction
(A) increases by 60mV (B) decreases by 60mV
(C) increases by 25mV (D) decreases by 25mV
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  For Si forward bias voltage change by 2.5mv
0
/ C
For
0
10 C increases, change will be 2.5 10 25mV − × = −
4 1MUX ×
F
0
I
1
I
2
I
3
I
0
S
1
S
P Q
Y
1
L
i
i
1
R
−
+
+
o
v
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23. In the circuit shown below, the Norton equivalent current in amperes with respect
to the terminals P and Q is
(A) 6.4 j4.8 − (B) 6.56 j7.87 − (C) 10 j0 + (D) 16 j0 +
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  When terminals P & Q are S.C
Then the CKT becomes
From current Division rules
( ) ( ) ( )
N
16 25 16 25
I
25 15 j30 40 j30
= =
+ + +
( ) ( )
( )
16 25
6.4 j4.8
10 4 j3
= = −
+
24. In the circuit shown below, the value of R
L
such that the power transferred to R
L
is maximum is
(A) 5Ω (B) 10 Ω (C) 15 Ω (D) 20 Ω
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  For maximum power transmission
*
L TH
R R =
For the calculation of
TH
R
+
−
+
−
10Ω 10Ω
10Ω
L
R
1A
2V 5V
j30Ω
25Ω
15Ω
j50 − Ω
P
Q
O
16 0 A ∠
j30Ω
25Ω
P
15Ω
Q
SC
IN I =
0
16 0 A ∠
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( )
TH
R 1010 10 15 = + = Ω
25. The value of the integral
( )
2
c
3z 4
dz
z 4z 5
− +
+ +
∫
where c is the circle z 1 = is given by
(A) 0 (B) 1/10 (C) 4/5 (D) 1
Answer:  (A)
Exp: 
2
C
3z 4
dz 0
z 4z 5
− +
=
+ +
∫
( )
( )
2
2
z 4z 5 z 2 1 0 + + = + + = ∵
z 2 j = − ± will be outside the unit circle
So that integration value is ‘zero’.
Q. No. 26 – 51 Carry Two Marks Each
26. A current sheet
ɵ
y J 10u A/m =
lies on the dielectric interface x=0 between two
dielectric media with
r1 r1
5, 1 ε = µ = in Region 1 (x<0) and
r2 r2
5, 2 ε = µ = in
Region 2 (x>0). If the magnetic field in Region1 at x=0

is
ɵ ɵ
1 x y H 3u 30u A / m = +
the magnetic field in Region2 at x=0
+
is
(A)
ɵ ɵ ɵ
2 x y z H 1.5u 30u 10u A / m = + −
(B)
ɵ ɵ ɵ
2 x y z H 3u 30u 10u A / m = + −
(C)
ɵ ɵ
2 x y H 1.5u 40u A / m = +
(D)
ɵ ɵ ɵ
2 x y z H 3u 30u 10u A / m = + +
Answer:  (A)
Exp: 
2 1 2 1
t t n t t z y z
ˆ ˆ H H J a H H 10u 30u 10u − = × ⇒ = − = −
And
1 2
Bn Bn =
1 1 2 2
H H µ = µ
1
2 2
2
H H
µ
⇒ =
µ
Normal component in x direction
( )
2 x
1
ˆ H 3 u
2
=
x
ˆ 1.5u = ;
2 x y z
ˆ ˆ H 1.5u 30u 10u A / m = + −
J
x 0 =
x
y
( )
r2 r2
x 0 Region 2 : , 2 > − ε µ =
( )
r1 r1
x 0 Region 1 : , 1 < − ε µ =
10Ω
−
Q
TH
R
10Ω
10Ω
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27. A transmission line of characteristic impedance 50W is terminated in a load
impedance Z
L.
The VSWR of the line is measured as 5 and the first of the voltage
maxima in the line is observed at a distance of
4
λ
from the load. The value of Z
L
is
(A) 10Ω (B) 250 Ω
(C) ( ) 19.23 j46.15 + Ω (D) ( ) 19.23 j46.15 − Ω
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  Voltage maximum in the line is observed exactly at
4
λ
Therefore
L
' z ' should be real
0
L
z
VSWR
z
=
L
50
z 10
5
⇒ = = Ω (∵ Voltage minimum at load)
28. X(t) is a stationary random process with autocorrelation function
( ) ( )
2
x
R exp r τ = π . This process is passed through the system shown below. The
power spectral density of the output process Y(t) is
(A)
( ) ( )
2 2 2
4 f 1 exp f π + −π
(B)
( ) ( )
2 2 2
4 f 1 exp f π − −π
(C)
( ) ( )
2 2
4 f 1 exp f π + −π
(D)
( ) ( )
2 2
4 f 1 exp f π − −π
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  The total transfer function ( ) H(f) j2 f 1 = π −
( ) ( ) ( )
2
X x
S f H f S f = ( ) ( )
F
x x
R S f τ ←→
( )
2
2 2 f
4 f 1 e
−π
= π +
( )
2 2
t F f
e e
−π −π
←→ ∵
29. The output of a 3stage Johnson (twisted ring) counter is fed to a digitalto
analog (D/A) converter as shown in the figure below. Assume all the states of the
counter to be unset initially. The waveform which represents the D/A converter
output V
o
is
∑ ( ) X t
( ) H f j2 f = π
( ) Y t
+
−
ref
V
D / A
Converter
2
D
1
D
0
D
2
Q
1
Q
0
Q
Johnson
Counter
o
V
Clock
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(A) (B)
(C) (D)
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  For the Johnson counter sequence
2 1 0 0
D D D V
0 0 0 1
1 0 0 4
1 1 0 6
1 1 1 7
0 1 1 3
0 0 1 1
0 0 0 0
−
−
−
−
−
−
−
30. Two D flipflops are connected as a synchronous counter that goes through the
following Q
B
Q
A
sequence 0011011000…
The combination to the inputs D
A
and D
B
are
(A)
A B B A
D Q ; D Q = = (B)
A A B B
D Q ; D Q = =
(C)
( ) A A B A B B A
D Q Q Q Q ; D Q = + = (D)
( ) A A B A B B B
D Q Q Q Q ; D Q = + =
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  Q (present) Q(next)
B
Q
A
Q
1
B
Q
1
A
Q
B
D
A
D
0 0 1 1 1 1
1 1 0 1 0 1
0 1 1 0 1 0
1 0 0 0 0 0
o
V
o
V
o
V
o
V
1 0
1 0
1
0
1
A
Q
B
Q
B
D
0
1
1
1
0
1
A
Q
B
Q
A
D =
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31. In the circuit shown below, for the MOS transistors,
2
n ox
C 100 A / V µ = µ and the
threshold voltage
T
V 1V. = The voltage V
x
at the source of the upper transistor is
(A) 1V (B) 2V (C) 3V (D) 3.67V
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  The transistor which has
W
4
L
=
DS x
V 6 V = − and
GS x
V 5 V = −
GS T x
V V 5 V 1 − = − −
x
4 V = −
DS GS T
V V V > −
So that transistor in saturation region.
The transistor which has
W
1
L
=
Drain is connected to gate
So that transistor in saturation
DS GS T
V V V > > ( )
DS GS
V V = ∵
The current flow in both the transistor is same
( ) ( )
2 2
GS T GS T
1 2
n 0x n 0x
1 2
V V V V
w w
c c .
L 2 L 2
    − −
   
µ = µ  
 
 
\ ¹ \ ¹
\ ¹ \ ¹
( ) ( )
2 2
x x
5 V 1 V 4
4 1
2 2
− − −
= ( )
GS x
V V 0 = − ∵
( )
2 2
x x x x
4 V 8V 16 V 2V 1 − + = − +
2
x x
3V 30V 63 0 ⇒ − + =
x
V 3V ⇒ =
32. An input ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) x t exp 2t u t t 6 = − + δ − is applied to an LTI system with impulse
response ( ) ( ) h t u t = . The output is is
(A) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1 exp 2t u t u t 6 − − + +
(B) ( ) ( ) ( ) 1 exp 2t u t u t 6 − − + −
(C) ( ) ( ) ( ) 0.5 1 exp 2t u t u t 6 − − + +
(D) ( ) ( ) ( ) 0.5 1 exp 2t u t u t 6 − − + −
5V
6V
W / L 4 =
x
V
W / L 1 =
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Answer:  (D)
Exp:  ( )
6s
1
x s e
s 2
−
= +
+
and ( )
1
H s
s
=
( ) ( ) ( ) Y s H s s = ×
( )
6s
1 e
s s 2 s
−
= +
+ ( )
6s
1 1 1 e
2 s s 2 s 2
−
= − +
+
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2t
y t 0.5 1 e u t u t 6
−
⇒ = − + −
33. For a BJT the common base current gain 0.98 α = and the collector base junction
reverse bias saturation current
CO
I 0.6 A. = µ This BJT is connected in the common
emitter mode and operated in the active region with a base drive current
I
B
=20A. The collector current I
C
for this mode of operation is
(A) 0.98mA (B) 0.99mA (C) 1.0mA (D) 1.01mA
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  ( )
C B CB0
I I 1 I = β + + β
0.98
49
1 1 0.98
α
= β = = =
− α −
B CB0
I 20 A, I 0.6 A = µ = µ
C
I 1.01mA ∴ =
34. If ( ) ( )
( )
2
2 s 1
F s L f t
s 4s 7
+
= =
+ +
then the initial and final values of f(t) are
respectively
(A) 0,2 (B) 2,0 (C) 0,2/7 (D) 2/7,0
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  ( )
( )
2
t 0 s
s 2s 1
Lt f t Lt 2
s 4s 7
→ →∞
+
= =
+ +
( )
( )
2
t s 0
s 2s 1
Lt f t Lt 0
s 4s 7
→∞ →
+
= =
+ +
35. In the circuit shown below, the current I is equal to
(A) 140ºA (B) 2.00ºA (C) 2.80ºA (D) 3.20ºA
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  Apply the delta – to – star conversion
The circuit becomes
~
+
−
14 0ºV
j4Ω
6Ω
6Ω
6Ω
j4 − Ω
I
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The net Impedance ( ) ( ) 2 j4  2 j4 2 = + − +
4 16
2 7
4
+
= + = Ω
0
0
14 0
I 2 0 A
7
∠
= = ∠
36. A numerical solution of the equation ( ) f x x x 3 0 = + − = can be obtained using
Newton Raphson method. If the starting value is x = 2 for the iteration, the
value of x that is to be used in the next step is
(A) 0.306 (B) 0.739 (C) 1.694 (D) 2.306
Answer:  (C)
Exp: 
( )
( )
n
n 1 n 1
n
f x
x x
f x
+
= −
( )
( )
f 2 2 2 3 2 1 = + − = − and ( )
1
1 2 2 1
f 2 1
2 2 2 2
+
= + =
( )
n 1
2 1
x 2 1.694
x 2 1
2 2
+
−
⇒ = − =
+
37. The electric and magnetic fields for a TEM wave of frequency 14 GHz in a
homogeneous medium of relative permittivity
r
ε and relative permeability
r
1 µ =
are given by
( ) ( ) j t 280 y j t 280 y
p z x
ˆ ˆ E E e u V / m H 3e u A / m
ω − π ω − π
= =
Assuming the speed of light in free space to be 3 x 10
8
m/s, the intrinsic
impedance of free space to be 120π, the relative permittivity
r
ε of the medium
and the electric field amplitude E
p
are
(A)
r p
3, E 120 ε = = π (B)
r p
3, E 360 ε = = π
(C)
r p
9, E 360 ε = = π (D)
r p
9, E 120 ε = = π
Answer:  (D)
Exp: 
r
r
E
120
H
µ µ
= η = = π
∈ ∈
P r
r
E
120
3
µ
= η = π
∈
Only option ‘D’ satisfies
~
+
−
14 0ºV
j4Ω
2Ω
j4 − Ω
I
2Ω
2Ω
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38. A message signal ( ) m t cos200 t 4cos t = π + π modulates the carrier
( )
c c
c t cos2 f t where f 1 MHZ = π = to produce an AM signal. For demodulating the
generated AM signal using an envelope detector, the time constant RC of the
detector circuit should satisfy
(A) 0.5 ms < RC < 1ms (B) 1 s RC 0.5 ms µ << <
(C) RC s << µ (D) RC 0.5 ms >>
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  Time constant should be length than
m
1
f
And time constant should be far greater than
c
1
f
m
4000a
f 2000
2a
= =
C
1 1
Rc
f 2000
<< <
1 s RC 0.5ms µ << <<
39. The block diagram of a system with one input it and two outputs y
1
and y
2
is given
below.
A state space model of the above system in terms of the state vector x and
the output vector
T
1 2
y y y =
is
(A) x 2 x 1 u; y 1 2 x
•
= + =
(B)
1
x 2 x 1 u; y x
2
•
= − + =
(C)
2 0 1
x x u; y 1 2 x
0 2 1
•
−
= + =
−
(D)
2 0 1 1
x x u; y x
0 2 1 2
•
= + =
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  Draw the signal flow graph
1
s 2 +
2
s 2 +
1
y
2
y
1
s 2 +
2
s 2 +
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From the graph
x 2x 4 = − +
ɺ
&
1 1
y x = ;
2 1
y 2x =
1
2
y 1
x 2 x 1 u; x
y 2
= − + =
ɺ
40. Two systems H
1
(z) and H
2
(z) are connected in cascade as shown below. The
overall output y(n) is the same as the input x(n) with a one unit delay. The
transfer function of the second system H
2
(z) is
(A)
( )
( )
1
1 1
1 0.6z
z 1 0.4z
−
− −
−
−
(B)
( )
( )
1 1
1
z 1 0.6z
1 0.4z
− −
−
−
−
(C)
( )
( )
1 1
1
z 1 0.4z
1 0.6z
− −
−
−
−
(D)
( )
( )
1
1 1
1 0.4z
z 1 0.6z
−
− −
−
−
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  The overall transfer function
1
z
−
= (∵ unit day T.F
1
z
−
= )
( ) ( )
1
1 2
H z H z z
−
= ; ( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1
1
2
1
1
1 0.6z
z
H z z
H z
1 0.4z
−
−
−
−
−
= =
−
41. An 8085 assembly language program is given below. Assume that the carry flag
is initially unset. The content of the accumulator after the execution of the
program is
MVI A,07H
RLC
MOV B,A
RLC
RLC
ADD B
RRC
(A) 8CH (B) 64H (C) 23H (D) 15H
4 1
y
2
y
1 −
2 / S
1 / S x
2 −
x
( ) X n ( )
( )
( )
1
1 1
1 0.4z
H z
1 0.6z
−
−
−
=
−
( )
2
H z
( ) y n
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Answer:  (C)
Exp:  MVI A, 07 H ⇒ 0000 0111 ← The content of ‘A’
RLC ⇒ 0000 1110 ← The content of ‘A’
MOV B, A ⇒ 0000 1110 ← The content of ‘B’
RLC ⇒ 0001 1100 ← The content of ‘B’
RLC ⇒ 0011 1000 ← The content of ‘B’
ADD B
A 0000 1110
B 0011 1000
0100 0110
+
0010 0011
RRC 23H
2 3
→
42. The first six points of the 8point DFT of a real valued sequence
are5, 1 j3, 0,3 j4, 0 and 3 j4. − − + . The last two points of the DFT are respectively
(A) 0, 1j3 (B) 0, 1+j3 (C) 1+j3, 5 (D) 1 – j3, 5
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  DFT points are complex conjugates of each other and they one symmetric to the
middle point.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
*
*
*
*
x 0 x 7
x 1 x 6
x 2 x 5
x 3 x 4
=
=
=
=
⇒ Last two points will be ( )
*
x 0 and ( )
*
x 1 1 j3 = + and 5
43. For the BJT Q
L
in the circuit shown below,
CEsat
BEon 0.7V, V
, V 0.7V.
=
β = ∞ = The switch
is initially closed. At time t = 0, the switch is opened. The time t at which Q
1
leaves the active region is
(A) 10 ms (B) 25 ms (C) 50 ms (D) 100 ms
5V
0.5mA
5V −
1
Q
t 0 =
5 F µ
4.3kΩ
10V −
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Answer:  (C)
Exp:  Apply KVL at the BE junction
E
5 0.7 10 4.3
I 1mA
4.3k 4.3k
− − +
= = =
Ω Ω
Always
E
I 1mA = ; At collector junction
( )
Cap
I 0.5mA 1mA + = ( )
E C
;I I β = ∞ = ∵
Cap
I 1 0.5 0.5mA = − = always constant
CE C E
V V V = −
C CE E
V V V ⇒ = +
( )
3
0.7 4.3 3 1 10
−
= + × × 0.7 4.3 = + ( )
E E E
V I R = ∵
C cap
V 5V V = =
cap Cap
t
V I
c
= Or
( ) ( )
6
Cap
3
Cap
V C 5 5 10
t
I 0.5 10
−
−
× ×
= =
×
50ms =
44. In the circuit shown below, the network N is described by the following Y matrix:
0.1S 0.01S
Y .
0.01S 0.1S
−
=
the voltage gain
2
1
V
is
V
(A) 1/90 (B) –1/90 (C) –1/99 (D) –1/11
Answer:  (D)
Exp: 
1 1
N 100V 25I = + ;
2 2
V 100I = −
2 3 1 4 2
I Y V Y V = + ⇒
2 1 2
0.01V 0.01V 0.1V − = + ⇒
2
1
V 1
V 11
−
=
45. In the circuit shown below, the initial charge on the capacitor is 2.5 mC, with the
voltage polarity as indicated. The switch is closed at time t=0. The current i(t) at
a time t after the switch is closed is
(A) ( ) ( )
3
i t 15exp 2 10 t A = − ×
(B) ( ) ( )
3
i t 5exp 2 10 t A = − ×
(C) ( ) ( )
3
i t 10exp 2 10 t A = − ×
(D) ( ) ( )
3
i t 5exp 2 10 t A = − − ×
5V
0.5mA
5V −
t 0 =
5mF
4.3kΩ
10V −
E E E
V I R =
C
V
+
−
+
−
100V
25Ω
1
V N
−
+
2
V 100Ω
2
I
1
I
100V
+
−
−
+
( ) i t
10Ω
50 F µ
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Answer:  (A)
Exp: Q 2.5mC =
3
initial 6
2.5 10 C
V 50V
50 10 F
−
−
×
= =
×
⇒ Thus net voltage 100 50 150V = + =
( )
150
i t
10
= exp
( )
t
2 10 t A − × =15 exp
( )
t
2 10 t A − ×
46. The system of equations
x y z 6
x 4y 6z 20
x 4y z
+ + =
+ + =
+ + λ = µ
has NO solution for values of λ and µ given by
(A) 6, 20 λ = µ = (B) 6, 20 λ = µ ≠ (C) 6, 20 λ ≠ µ = (D) 6, 20 λ ≠ µ ≠
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  Given equations are x y z 6 + + = , x 4y 6z 20 + + = and x 4y z + + λ = µ
If 6 λ = and 20 µ = , then x 4y 6z 20 + + =
x 4y 6z 20 + + = infinite solution
If 6 λ = and 20 µ ≠ , the
x 4y 6z 20
x 4y 6z
+ + =
+ + = µ
( ) 20 µ ≠ no solution
If 6 λ ≠ and 20 µ =
x 4y 6z 20
x 4y z 20
+ + =
+ + λ =
will have solution
6 λ ≠ and 20 µ ≠ will also give solution
47. A fair dice is tossed two times. The probability that the second toss results in a
value that is higher than the first toss is
(A) 2/36 (B) 2/6 (C) 5/12 (D) ½
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  Total number of cause = 36
Total number of favorable causes = 5+ 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 15
Then probability
15 5
36 12
= =
( ) 1,1 ( ) 2,1 ( ) 3,1 ( ) 4,1 ( ) 5,1
( ) 6,1
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( ) 1, 2 ( ) 2, 2 ( ) 3,2 ( ) 4, 2 ( ) 5,2
( ) 6,2
( ) 1,3 ( ) 2, 3 ( ) 3,3 ( ) 4, 3 ( ) 5,3
( ) 6,3
( ) 1, 4 ( ) 2, 4 ( ) 3, 4 ( ) 4, 4 ( ) 5, 4
( ) 6, 4
( ) 1,5 ( ) 2,5 ( ) 3,5 ( ) 4,5 ( ) 5,5
( ) 6,5
( ) 1, 6 ( ) 2, 6 ( ) 3, 6 ( ) 4, 6 ( ) 5, 6
( ) 6, 6
Common Data Questions: 48 & 49
The channel resistance of an Nchannel JFET shown in the figure below is 600 Ω
when the full channel thickness (t
ch
) of 10 m µ is available for conduction. The
builtin voltage of the gate P
+
N junction (V
bi
) is 1 V. When the gate to source
voltage (V
GS
) is 0 V, the channel is depleted by 1 m µ on each side due to the built
in voltage and hence the thickness available for conduction is only 8 m µ
48. The channel resistance when V
GS
= 3 V is
(A) 360Ω (B) 917Ω (C) 1000Ω (D) 3000Ω
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  Width of the depletion large
bi GS
W V V α +
2
1
W 1 3
W 1
− −
= ⇒
−
2 1
w 2w = ( ) 2 1 m 2 m = µ = µ
So that channel thickness = 10 – 4 = 6 m µ
8 m 750 µ −
6 m ? µ −
d
8
r 750
6
= × 1000 = Ω
49. The channel resistance when V
GS
= 0 V is
(A) 480Ω (B) 600Ω (C) 750Ω (D) 1000Ω
+
−
GS
V
Source
Gate
P
+
P
+
N
ch
t
Drain
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Answer:  (C)
Exp: 
don
oh
1
r
t
α
At V
GS
= 0, ( )
ch d
t 10 m; Given r 600 = µ = Ω
d
10
r 600 at 8 m
8
= × ← µ 750 = Ω
Common Data Questions: 50 & 51
The inputoutput transfer function of a plant ( )
( )
2
100
H s .
s s 10
=
+
The plant is
placed in a unity negative feedback configuration as shown in the figure below.
50. The gain margin of the system under closed loop unity negative feedback is
(A) 0dB (B) 20dB (C) 26 dB (D) 46 dB
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  ( )
( )
2
100
H s
s s 10
=
+
Phase cross over frequency=
1 0
90 2 tan 180
10
−
ω  
− − = −

\ ¹
1 0
2 tan 90
10
−
ω  
⇒ − = − ⇒

\ ¹
1 0
tan 45
10
−
ω  
=

\ ¹
10 rad / sec ⇒ ω =
( ) ( )
( )
2
100
H jw
j10 j10 10
=
+
1 1
10.2 20
= =
1
GM 20 log 20 log20 26dB
1/ 20
= = =
51. The signal flow graph that DOES NOT model the plant transfer function H(s) is
(A) (B)
(C) (D)
+
−
u
r
( )
( )
2
100
H s
s s 10
=
+
y
plant
Σ
100 1/ s 1/ s 1/ s 1
u
10 − 10 −
y
100 1/ s 1/ s 1/ s
u
20 −
y
100 −
100 1/ s 1/ s 1/ s
u
20 −
y
100 −
100 1/ s 1/ s 1/ s
u y
100 −
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Answer:  (D)
Exp: (D) Option (D) does not fix for the given transfer function.
Linked Answer Questions: Q.52 to Q.55 Carry Two Marks Each
Statement for Linked Answer Questions: 52 & 53
In the circuit shown below, assume that the voltage drop across a forward biased
diode is 0.7 V. The thermal voltage
t
V kT / q 25mV. = = The small signal input
( )
i p p
v V cos t where V 100mV = ω = .
52. The bias current I
DC
through the diodes is
(A) 1 mA (B) 1.28 mA (C) 1.5 mA (D) 2 mA
Answer:  (A)
Exp: 
( )
DC
12.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
I 1mA
9900
− + + +
= =
53. The ac output voltage v
ac
is
(A) ( ) 0.25cos t mV ω (B) ( ) 1cos t mV ω
(C) ( ) 2cos t mV ω (D) ( ) 22cos t mV ω
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  AC dynamic resistance,
T
d
D
V 2 25mV
r 50
I 1mA
η ×
= = = Ω
2 η = for Si (∵ forward drop = 0.7V)
The ac dynamic resistance offered by each diode = 50Ω
( )
ac i
4 50
V V ac
9900 50
× Ω
∴ =
+
3
100
200 10 cos wt
10000
−
= ×
( )
ac
V 2cos wt mV =
+
−
+
−
DC ac
I i +
DC ac
V v +
12.7V
i
v
9900Ω
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Statement for Linked Answer Questions: 54 & 55
A fourphase and an eightphase signal constellation are shown in the figure
below.
54. For the constraint that the minimum distance between pairs of signal points be d
for both constellations, the radii r
1
, and r
2
of the circles are
(A)
1 2
r 0.707d, r 2.782d = = (B)
1 2
r 0.707d, r 1.932d = =
(C)
1 2
r 0.707d, r 1.545d = = (D)
1 2
r 0.707d, r 1.307d = =
Answer:  (D)
Exp: For 1
st
constellation
2 2 2
1 1
r r d + =
2 2
1
r d / 2 ⇒ =
1
r 0.707d ⇒ =
For 2
nd
constellation
2
d
r cos 67.5
2
=
2
r 1.307d =
55. Assuming high SNR and that all signals are equally probable, the additional
average transmitted signal energy required by the 8PSK signal to achieve the
same error probability as the 4PSK signal is
(A) 11.90 dB (B) 8.73 dB (C) 6.79 dB (D) 5.33 dB
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  Energy
2 2
1 2
r and r =
( )
( )
2
2
1
2 2
2
0.707d r
r
1.307d
⇒ =
Energy ( )
( )
( )
2
2
1.307
in dD 10log 5.33dB
0.707
= =
Q. No. 56 – 60 Carry One Mark Each
56. There are two candidates P and Q in an election. During the campaign, 40% of
the voters promised to vote for P, and rest for Q. However, on the day of election
15% of the voters went back on their promise to vote for P and instead voted for
Q. 25% of the voters went back on their promise to vote for Q and instead voted
for P. Suppose, P lost by 2 votes, then what was the total number of voters?
(A) 100 (B) 110 (C) 90 (D) 95
Answer:  (A)
Q
I d
1
r
Q
d
2
r
I
2
r
0
45
2
r
d / 2 d / 2 d
0
67.5
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Exp:  P Q
40% 60%
6% 6%
15% 15%
49% 51%
2% 2
100% 100
− +
+ −
∴ =
=
57. Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the
following sentence:
It was her view that the country's problems had been_________ by
foreign technocrats, so that to invite them to come back would be
counterproductive.
(A) Identified (B) ascertained (C) Texacerbated (D) Analysed
Answer:  (C)
Exp: The clues in the question are foreign technocrats did something negatively to
the problems – so it is counterproductive to invite them. All other options are
nonnegative. The best choice is exacerbated which means aggravated or
worsened.
58. Choose the word from the options given below that is most nearly opposite in
meaning to the given word:
Frequency
(A) periodicity (B) rarity
(C) gradualness (D) persistency
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  The best antonym here is rarity which means shortage or scarcity.
59. Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the
following sentence: Under ethical guidelines recently adopted by the
Indian Medical Association, human genes are to be manipulated only to
correct diseases for which______________ treatments are
unsatisfactory.
(A) Similar (B) Most (C) Uncommon (D) Available
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  The context seeks to take a deviation only when the existing/present/current/
alternative treatments are unsatisfactory. So the word for the blank should be a
close synonym of existing/present/current/alternative. Available is the closest of
all.
60. The question below consists of a pair of related words followed by four pairs of
words. Select the pair that best expresses the relation in the original pair:
Gladiator : Arena
(A) dancer : stage (B) commuter: train
(C) teacher : classroom (D) lawyer : courtroom
Answer:  (D)
ECPaper CodeB GATE 2011 www.gateforum.com
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written permission. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.gatementor.com. 26
Exp:  The given relationship is worker: workplace. A gladiator is (i) a person, usually a
professional combatant trained to entertain the public by engaging in mortal
combat with another person or a wild.(ii) A person engaged in a controversy or
debate, especially in public.
Q. No. 61 – 65 Carry Two Marks Each
61 The fuel consumed by a motorcycle during a journey while traveling at various
speeds is indicated in the graph below.
The distances covered during four laps of the journey are listed in the table below
Lap Distance (kilometers) Average speed
(kilometers per hour)
P 15 15
Q 75 45
R 40 75
S 10 10
From the given data, we can conclude that the fuel consumed per kilometre was
least during the lap
(A) P (B) Q (C) R (D) S
Answer:  (A)
Exp:  Fuel consumption Actual
15 1
P 60km/ l l
60 4
75 5
Q 90km/ l l
90 6
40 8
R 75km/ l l
75 15
10 1
S 30km/ l l
30 3
=
=
=
=
120
90
60
30
0
0 15 30 45 60 75 90
Speed
(kilometers per hour)
F
u
e
l
c
o
n
s
u
m
p
t
i
o
n
(
k
i
l
o
m
e
t
e
r
s
p
e
r
l
i
t
r
e
)
ECPaper CodeB GATE 2011 www.gateforum.com
© All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. Ltd. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the
written permission. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.gatementor.com. 27
62. Three friends, R, S and T shared toffee from a bowl. R took 1/3
rd
of the toffees,
but returned four to the bowl. S took 1/4
th
of what was left but returned three
toffees to the bowl. T took half of the remainder but returned two back into the
bowl. If the bowl had 17 toffees left, how many toffeeswere originally there in
the bowl?
(A) 38 (B) 31 (C) 48 (D) 41
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  Let the total number of toffees is bowl e x
R took
1
3
of toffees and returned 4 to the bowl
∴ Number of toffees with
1
R x 4
3
= −
Remaining of toffees in bowl =
2
x 4
3
+
Number of toffees with S =
1 2
x 4 3
4 3
 
+ −

\ ¹
Remaining toffees in bowl =
3 2
x 4 4
4 3
 
+ +

\ ¹
Number of toffees with
1 3 2
T x 4 4 2
2 4 3
   
= + + +
 
\ ¹ \ ¹
Remaining toffees in bowl =
1 3 2
x 4 4 2
2 4 3
 
+ + +

\ ¹
Given,
1 3 2
x 4 4 2 17
2 4 3
 
+ + + =

\ ¹
3 2
x 4 27
4 3
 
⇒ + =

\ ¹
x 48 ⇒ =
63. Given that f(y) =  y  / y, and q is any nonzero real number, the value of
 f(q)  f(q)  is
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 1 (D) 2
Answer:  (D)
Exp:  Given,
y
f(y)
y
= ( ) ( )
q q q
f q ; f q
q q q
− −
⇒ = − = =
−
( ) ( )
q q 2 q
f q f q
q q q
− = + = = 2
64. The sum of n terms of the series 4+44+444+.... is
(A) ( )
n 1
4 / 81 10 9n 1
+
− −
(B) ( )
n 1
4 / 81 10 9n 1
−
− −
(C) ( )
n 1
4 / 81 10 9n 10
+
− −
(D) ( )
n
4 / 81 10 9n 10 − −
ECPaper CodeB GATE 2011 www.gateforum.com
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written permission. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.gatementor.com. 28
Answer:  (C)
Exp:  Let S=4 (1 + 11 + 111 + ……..) ( )
4
9 99 999 .......
9
= + + +
( ) ( ) ( ) { }
( ) { }
( )
{ }
2 3
n
2 n n 1
4
10 1 10 1 10 1 .........
9
10 1
4 4 4
10 10 ......10 n 10 n 10 9n 10
9 9 9 81
+
= − + − + − +
¦ ¹
−
¦ ¦
= + + − = − = − −
´ `
¦ ¦
¹ )
65. The horse has played a little known but very important role in the field of
medicine. Horses were injected with toxins of diseases until their blood built up
immunities. Then a serum was made from their blood. Serums to fight with
diphtheria and tetanus were developed this way.
It can be inferred from the passage that horses were
(A) given immunity to diseases (B) generally quite immune to diseases
(C) given medicines to fight toxins (D) given diphtheria and tetanus serums
Answer:  (B)
Exp:  From the passage it cannot be inferred that horses are given immunity as in (A),
since the aim is to develop medicine and in turn immunize humans. (B) is correct
since it is given that horses develop immunity after some time. Refer “until their
blood built up immunities”. Even (C) is invalid since medicine is not built till
immunity is developed in the horses. (D) is incorrect since specific examples are
cited to illustrate and this cannot capture the essence.
ECPaper CodeB
4.
GATE 2011
www.gateforum.com
The root locus plot for a system is given below. The open loop transfer function corresponding to this plot is given by
( s + 2 ) ( s + 3) ( s + 1) (B) G ( s ) H ( s ) = k 2 s ( s + 2 ) ( s + 3)
1 (C) G ( s ) H ( s ) = k s ( s − 1) ( s + 2 ) ( s + 3 )
(A) G ( s ) H ( s) = k
s ( s + 1)
jω
−3
×
−2
×
o
−1
×
0
σ
(D) G ( s ) H ( s ) = k
( s + 1) s ( s + 2) ( s + 3)
Answer:  (B) Exp:  ' x ' → indicates pole
' O ' → indicates zero
The point on the root locus when the number of poles and zeroes on the real axis to the right side of that point must be odd 5. A system is defined by its impulse response h (n) = 2nu (n − 2 ) . The system is (B) causal but not stable (D) unstable and noncausal
(A) stable and causal (C) stable but not causal Answer:  (B) Exp:  h (n) = 2n u (n − 2 )
h (n) is existing for n>2 ; so that h (n) = 0;n < 0 ⇒ causal
n =−∞
∑ h (n ) = ∑ 2 u (n − 2 ) = ∑ 2
n n =∞ n=2
∞
∞
∞
n
= ∞ ⇒ System is unstable
6.
If the unit step response of a network is 1 − e−αt , then its unit impulse response is (A) αe−αt (B) α −1e−αt (C) 1 − α −1 e−αt
(
)
(
)
(D) (1 − α ) e−αt
Answer:  (A) Exp:  S ( t ) → step response Impulse response h ( t ) =
d d (S ( t ) ) = dt 1 − eαt = αeαt dt
(
)
7.
The output Y in the circuit below is always ‘1’ when
P
Q Y R
© All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. Ltd. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.gatementor.com. 2
7V − vo C1 − 2kΩ vi ~ (A) maximum (B) minimum Answer: .com.Q. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.Q. In the circuit shown below. Y is always ‘1’.R is ‘1’ Answer: . Ltd.(C) Exp: .gateforum.ECPaper CodeB GATE 2011 www. © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.The output Y expression in the Ckt Y = PQ + PR + RQ So that two or more inputs are ‘1’. gain is maximum at resonant frequency 9. vi is a small signal input.R are ‘0’ (B) two or more of the inputs P.R is ‘0’ (D) any odd number of the inputs P. capacitors C1 and C2 are very large and are shorts at v the input frequency. Drift current in the semiconductors depends upon (A) only the electric field (B) only the carrier concentration gradient (C) both the electric field and the carrier concentration (D) both the electric field and the carrier concentration gradient Answer: .In the parallel RLC Ckt L = 10µH and C = 1nF ωg = 1 LC (C) unity (D) zero = 1 10 × 10−6 × 10−9 = 107 rad / s = 10Mrad / s So that for a tuned amplifier.Q. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.com (A) two or more of the inputs P. The gain magnitude o at 10M vi 5V rad/s is 10µH 2kΩ 2kΩ + Q1 2kΩ C2 + + 2.gatementor.(A) Exp: .R are ‘1’ (C) any odd number of the inputs P. 3 . 8.Drift current.(B) Exp: . J = σE J = (nµn + pµP ) qE So that it depends on carrier concentration and electric field.Q.
11. GATE 2011 www. 4 .com A Zener diode.gatementor.(A) Exp:  (B) ( Vp / 3) sin ( t / RC ) (D) ( Vp / 2 ) sin ( t / RC ) v0 z2 1 1 = where z2 = R  and z1 = R + vi z1 + z2 jωc jωc z2 = R R ( jcw ) + 1 1 RC Given w = z1 = R + R t ∵ vi = vp cos ⇒ z2 = 1 + j RC 1 1 =R+ ⇒ R (1 − j) jωc jR v0 = vi R 1+ j R + R (1 − j) 1+ j = 1 1 = 1+2 3 © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. is biased in (A) reverse bias region below the breakdown voltage (B) reverse breakdown region (C) forward bias region (D) forward bias constant current mode Answer: . when used in voltage stabilization circuits.ECPaper CodeB 10. Ltd. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.gateforum.com.(B) Exp: V2 For Zener diode Voltage remains constant in break down region and current carrying capacity in high. The circuit shown below is driven by a sinusoidal input vi = Vp cos ( t / RC ) . The steady state output vo is R + C + vi − ~ R C vo − (A) ( Vp / 3) cos ( t / RC ) (C) ( Vp / 2 ) cos ( t / RC ) Answer: .
R1.R1.Q2.(A) Exp: .ECPaper CodeB 12.(D) Exp: .Q4.dx = ∫∫∫ v 5∇.S3 (C) P3.Given y ( 0 ) = C and ln y = kx + c ⇒ y = ekx ec When y ( 0 ) = C .S1 © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.R1. dy = ky. Which one of the following statements is TRUE? (A) The TM10 mode of the wave does not exist (B) The TE10 mode of the wave does not exist (C) The TM10 and the TE10 modes both exist and have the same cutoff frequencies (D) The TM10 and TM01 modes both exist and have the same cutoff frequencies Answer: . GATE 2011 www. ⇒ = kdx dx y (C) y = cekx (D) y = ce −kx Answer: .Q4. y = k1 e0 ∴ y = c ekx 15. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.R3.com. Ltd.ndS is s (A) 3V (B) 5V Answer: .gateforum.S3 (D) P2.rdV and r is the position vector ) = 5 (3 ) ∫∫∫ dv = 15 V (∵ ∇. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. If r is the position vector of a ɵ ɵ point inside S. Match the attribute to the modulation system that best meets it ColumnI ColumnII P Q R S Power efficient transmission of signals Most bandwidth efficient transmission of voice signals Simplest receiver structure Bandwidth efficient transmission of signals with Significant dc component 1 2 3 4 Conventional AM FM VSB SSBSC (A) P4.Q2.gatementor.r = 3 v 13.S4 (B) P2. the value of the integral ∫∫ 5r. y ( 0 ) = c is dx 14. The modes in a rectangular waveguide are denoted by TEmn where m and n are TMmn the eigen numbers along the larger and smaller dimensions of the waveguide respectively.n.com Consider a closed surface S surrounding volume V.TM10 mode doesn’t exist in rectangular waveguide. with n the unit normal on S. 5 .(C) Exp: .Apply the divergence theorem (C) 10V (D) 15V ∫∫ S 5r. (∵ k1 = C) The ColumnI lists the attributes and the ColumnII lists the modulation systems. The solution of the differential equation (A) x = ce−ky (B) x = kecy dy dy = ky.
The output y(t) can be represented by the waveform The differential equation 100 (A) y (t) (B) y (t) t t y (t) y (t) (C) t (D) t Answer: . Ltd. The system.com Simplest receives structure → conventional AM Bandwidth efficient transmission of → VSB Signals with significant DC component 16. © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.(B) Exp: .gatementor. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.T both sides (100s 2 − 20s + 1 Y ( s ) = 1 2 ) 1 s 1 ∵ x ( t ) = u ( t ) x ( s ) = 3 Y (s) = s 100s − 20s + 1 ( ) So we have poles with positive real part ⇒ system is unstable.gateforum.(A) Exp: 100d2 y 20dy − + y = x (t ) dt dt2 Apply L. which is initially relaxed. 6 . d2 y dy − 20 + y = x ( t ) describes a system with an dt dt2 input x(t) and an output y(t).Power efficient transmission → FM Most bandwidth efficient → SSBSC Transmission of voice signal GATE 2011 www. is excited by a unit step input. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.com.ECPaper CodeB Answer: .
The trigonometric Fourier series of an even function does not have the (A) dc term (B) cosine terms (C) sine terms (D) odd harmonic terms Answer: . the corresponding Nyquist plot for positive frequency has the form jω jω j5 σ (A) 5 σ (B) jω jω 1/5 σ (C) (D) 1/5 σ Answer: . 18. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www. it implies that data has Y Data D Q D Q Clock Q Q (A) changed from 0 to 1 (C) changed in either direction Answer: .(A) Exp: .ECPaper CodeB 17.gatementor.gateforum.When data is ‘0’. Ltd. hence bk = 0 Where 'bk ' is the coefficient of sine terms 19.com.f ( t ) is even function.com For the transfer function G ( jω) = 5 + jω . When the output Y in the circuit below is ‘1’. GATE 2011 www. 7 . Q is ‘0’ And Q’ is ‘1’ first flip flop Data is changed to 1 Q is 1 → first ‘D’ Q’ is connected to 2nd flip flop So that Q2 = 1 (B) changed from 1 to 0 (D) not changed So that the inputs of AND gate is ‘1’ ⇒ y = '1' © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.(C) Exp: .As we increases real part ‘5’ is fixed only imaginary part increases. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.(A) Exp: .
Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www. inductor acts as a S. Q ) Answer: . 22.From the CKT O is connected to ' I0 ' & ' I3 ' And ‘1’ is connected to I1 & I2 21. Q ) (C) F = XNOR (P.(D) Exp: . The filter implemented is a L1 ii R1 − + + vo (A) low pass filter (B) band pass filter (C) band stop filter (D) high pass filter Answer: .(D) Exp: .(D) Exp: . change will be −2. Assume that the opamp is ideal. ∴ F = PQ + PQ = XOR (P.C ⇒ V0 = i1R1 So it acts as a high pass filter.com The logic function implemented by the circuit below is (ground implies logic 0) 4 × 1MUX I0 I1 I2 I3 Y S1 S0 P Q F (A) F = AND (P. A silicon PN junction is forward biased with a temperature. 8 constant current at room by 10ºC.5mv /0 C For 100 C increases.com. Q ) (B) F = OR (P.gatementor. inductor acts as a O. When the temperature is increased voltage across the PN junction (A) increases by 60mV (B) decreases (C) increases by 25mV (D) decreases Answer: . GATE 2011 www.C ⇒ V0 = 0 And when ω = ∞ . the forward bias by 60mV by 25mV .When W=0.gateforum. Ltd.5 × 10 = −25mV © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.For Si forward bias voltage change by 2.ECPaper CodeB 20. Q ) (D) F = XOR (P. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. Q ) The circuit below implements a filter between the input current ii and the output voltage vo.
9 . the Norton equivalent current in amperes with respect to the terminals P and Q is j30Ω P 16 ∠ 0O A 25Ω − j50Ω 15Ω Q (A) 6. the value of RL such that the power transferred to RL is maximum is (A) 5Ω (B) 10 Ω (C) 15 Ω (D) 20 Ω 10Ω 10Ω 10Ω RL 1A + − 5V + − 2V Answer: .4 − j4.com.C Then the CKT becomes j30Ω P 16∠00 A 25Ω IN = ISC 15Ω Q From current Division rules IN = 16 ( 25 ) 25 + 15 + j30 = (16 ) (25) 40 + j30 = (16 ) (25) 10 ( 4 + j3 ) = 6. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.4 − j4.87 (C) 10 + j0 (D) 16 + j0 Answer: . GATE 2011 www.ECPaper CodeB 23.(C) Exp: . In the circuit shown below. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.56 − j7.gateforum.8 24.com In the circuit shown below.(A) Exp: .8 (B) 6.When terminals P & Q are S.For maximum power transmission R L = R * TH For the calculation of R TH © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. Ltd.gatementor.
5ux .Ht2 − Ht1 = J × an ⇒ Ht2 = Ht1 − 10uz = 30uy − 10uz And Bn1 = Bn2 µ1H1 = µ2H2 ⇒ H2 = µ1 H2 µ2 Normal component in x direction H2 = 1 ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ (3) ux = 1.5ux + 40uy A / m ɵ ɵ ɵ (B) H2 = 3ux + 30uy − 10uz A / m ɵ ɵ ɵ (D) H2 = 3ux + 30uy + 10uz A / m Answer: . µr2 = 2 in ɵ ɵ Region 2 (x>0). 10 .com.com 10Ω R TH R TH = (10  10 ) + 10 = 15Ω Q 25. The value of the integral ∫ (z c −3z + 4 + 4z + 5 2 ) dz where c is the circle z = 1 is given by (A) 0 Answer: . 26 – 51 Carry Two Marks Each 26.5ux + 30uy − 10uz A / m ɵ ɵ (C) H2 = 1. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.gateforum.is H1 = 3ux + 30uy A / m the magnetic field in Region2 at x=0+ is x > 0 (Re gion − 2 ) : εr2 . µr1 = 1 in Region 1 (x<0) and εr2 = 5. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. H2 = 1. µr2 = 2 J x=0 x y x < 0 (Re gion − 1) : εr1 .(A) ˆ ˆ Exp: . Ltd.gatementor. ɵ A current sheet J = 10uy A/m lies on the dielectric interface x=0 between two dielectric media with εr1 = 5.(A) Exp:  (B) 1/10 (C) 4/5 (D) 1 C ∫z 2 −3z + 4 2 dz = 0 ∵ z2 + 4z + 5 = ( z + 2 ) + 1 = 0 + 4z + 5 ( ) z = −2 ± j will be outside the unit circle So that integration value is ‘zero’. Q. µr1 = 1 ɵ ɵ ɵ (A) H2 = 1.ECPaper CodeB 10Ω 10Ω GATE 2011 − www. No. If the magnetic field in Region1 at x=0.5ux + 30uy − 10uz A / m 2 © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.
The total transfer function H(f) = ( j2πf − 1) F SX ( f ) = H ( f ) Sx ( f ) R x ( τ ) ← Sx ( f ) → 2 = 4π2 f 2 + 1 e−πf ( ) 2 (∵ e −πt2 F ← e− πf → 2 ) 29.ECPaper CodeB 27. The VSWR of the line is measured as 5 and the first of the voltage λ maxima in the line is observed at a distance of from the load.com A transmission line of characteristic impedance 50W is terminated in a load impedance ZL. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.(A) (A) 4π2 f 2 + 1 exp −πf 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ) ( ) − 1) exp ( −πf ) + 1) exp ( −πf ) − 1) exp ( −πf ) H ( f ) = j2 π f X (t ) + ∑ − Y (t ) Exp: . The value of ZL 4 is (A) 10Ω (C) (19.gateforum. The ( ) power spectral density of the output process Y(t) is ( (B) ( 4π f (C) ( 4π f (D) ( 4π f Answer: .gatementor.15 ) Ω (B) 250 Ω (D) (19.23 + j46.23 − j46.(A) Exp: . The output of a 3stage Johnson (twisted ring) counter is fed to a digitaltoanalog (D/A) converter as shown in the figure below. X(t) is a stationary random process with autocorrelation function R x ( τ ) = exp πr2 . Assume all the states of the counter to be unset initially. This process is passed through the system shown below. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www. 11 . GATE 2011 www.15 ) Ω λ 4 Answer: .com. Ltd.Voltage maximum in the line is observed exactly at Therefore ' zL ' should be real VSWR = z0 50 ⇒ zL = = 10Ω (∵ Voltage minimum at load) zL 5 28. The waveform which represents the D/A converter output Vo is Vref D2 D/A Converter D1 D0 Vo Q2 Clock Q1 Johnson Counter Q0 © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.
DB = QB ( ) (D) DA = QA QB + QA QB .Q (present) QB QA 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 QB Q(next) Q1 Q1 B A DB DA 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 DB QA QB 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 DA = QA 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.gatementor.com. DB = QA (C) DA = QA QB + QA QB .ECPaper CodeB Vo GATE 2011 Vo www.(D) Exp: .(A) Exp: .com (A) (B) Vo Vo (C) (D) Answer: . Ltd. DB = QA (B) DA = QA . Two D flipflops are connected as a synchronous counter that goes through the following QBQA sequence 00 11 01 10 00 … The combination to the inputs DA and DB are (A) DA = QB . DB = QB ( ) Answer: . Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www. 12 . No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.gateforum.For the Johnson counter sequence D2D1D0 V0 0 0 0 − 1 1 0 0 − 4 11 0 − 6 111 − 7 0 11 − 3 0 0 1 − 1 0 0 0 −0 30.
GATE 2011 www.gateforum. The output is is (A) 1 − exp ( −2t ) u ( t ) + u ( t + 6 ) (C) 0. The voltage Vx at the source of the upper transistor is 6V 5V W /L = 4 Vx W /L = 1 (A) 1V Answer: .gatementor. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. Ltd.5 1 − exp ( −2t ) u ( t ) + u ( t + 6 ) (B) 1 − exp ( −2t ) u ( t ) + u ( t − 6 ) (D) 0. An input x ( t ) = exp ( −2t ) u ( t ) + δ ( t − 6 ) is applied to an LTI system with impulse response h ( t ) = u ( t ) .(C) (B) 2V W =4 L (C) 3V (D) 3.ECPaper CodeB 31. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.67V Exp: .5 1 − exp ( −2t ) u ( t ) + u ( t − 6 ) © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.The transistor which has VDS = 6 − Vx and VGS = 5 − Vx VGS − VT = 5 − Vx − 1 = 4 − Vx VDS > VGS − VT So that transistor in saturation region.com In the circuit shown below.com. The transistor which has W =1 L Drain is connected to gate So that transistor in saturation VDS > VGS > VT (∵ VDS 2 = VGS ) The current flow in both the transistor is same µn c0x w L 1 ( VGS )1 − VT w = µn c0x 2 L 2 2 ( VGS )2 − VT . 13 . for the MOS transistors. µnCox = 100µA / V 2 and the threshold voltage VT = 1V. 2 2 (5 − Vx − 1) 4 2 ( V − 4) =1 x 2 2 (∵ VGS = Vx − 0 ) 2 2 2 4 Vx − 8Vx + 16 = Vx − 2Vx + 1 ⇒ 3Vx − 30Vx + 63 = 0 ⇒ Vx = 3V ( ) 32.
0 0ºA (C) 2.com Y ( s ) = H ( s) × ( s ) = 1 e−6s 11 1 e−6s + = − + s (s + 2) s 2 s 2 ( s + 2) s ⇒ y ( t ) = 0.IC = βIB + (1 + β ) ICB0 = β = α 0. 14 .(B) Exp: . For a BJT the common base current gain α = 0.98mA (B) 0.(B) (B) 2.Apply the delta – to – star conversion The circuit becomes © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.98 and the collector base junction reverse bias saturation current ICO = 0. The collector current IC for this mode of operation is (A) 0.6µA.gatementor.01mA Answer: .x ( s ) = 1 1 + e−6s and H ( s ) = s+2 s GATE 2011 www.98 IB = 20µA. ICB0 = 0. In the circuit shown below.2 then the initial and final values of f(t) are (B) 2.0 s (2s + 1) s2 + 4s + 7 (C) 0.0 Answer: .6µA ∴ IC = 1. the current I is equal to I + j4Ω 6Ω − j4 Ω 14 0ºV ~ − 6Ω 6Ω (A) 14 0ºA Answer: .Lt f ( t ) = Lt t →0 s→∞ =2 =0 t →∞ Lt f ( t ) = Lt s (2s + 1) s2 + 4s + 7 s →0 35.com.2/7 (D) 2/7. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. Ltd.98 = = 49 1 − α 1 − 0.gateforum.01mA 2 ( s + 1) s + 4s + 7 2 34.0mA (D) 1. This BJT is connected in the common emitter mode and operated in the active region with a base drive current IB=20 A.(D) Exp: .(D) Exp: .99mA (C) 1. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.5 1 − e−2t u ( t ) + u ( t − 6 ) ( ) 33.ECPaper CodeB Answer: .2 0ºA Exp: .8 0ºA (D) 3. If F ( s ) = L f ( t ) = respectively (A) 0.
Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.306 Answer: . Ep = 360π (C) εr = 9. 15 . Ep = 120π EP µ = η = 120π r 3 ∈r Only option ‘D’ satisfies © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.739 (C) 1.694 (D) 2.ECPaper CodeB I GATE 2011 www.com 14 0ºV ~ + j4Ω − j4 Ω − 2Ω 2Ω 2Ω The net Impedance = ( 2 + j4 )  ( 2 − j4 ) + 2 = I= 14∠00 = 2∠00 A 7 4 + 16 + 2 = 7Ω 4 36. the value of x that is to be used in the next step is (A) 0.com.306 (B) 0.gatementor.694 37. the intrinsic impedance of free space to be 120π .xn+1 = xn − f 1 ( xn ) f ( xn ) f (2) = 2 + 2 − 3 = ( ) 2 − 1 and f 1 ( 2 ) = 1 + 1 2 2 = 2 2 +1 2 2 ⇒ xn+1 = 2 − ( 2 −1 x 2 +1 2 2 ) = 1. If the starting value is x = 2 for the iteration. Ep = 360π Answer: . A numerical solution of the equation f ( x ) = x + x − 3 = 0 can be obtained using Newton. Ep = 120π (B) εr = 3. The electric and magnetic fields for a TEM wave of frequency 14 GHz in a homogeneous medium of relative permittivity εr and relative permeability µr = 1 are given by E = Ep e ( j ωt −280 πy ) ˆ uz V / m H = 3e ( j ωt −280 π y ) ˆx A / m u Assuming the speed of light in free space to be 3 x 108 m/s.(D) Exp: E =η= H µ µ = 120π r ∈ ∈r (D) εr = 9.Raphson method.(C) Exp: . the relative permittivity εr of the medium and the electric field amplitude Ep are (A) εr = 3. Ltd.gateforum. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.
Time constant should be length than 1 fm 1 fc (B) 1µs << RC < 0.com m ( t ) = cos 200πt + 4 cos πt the carrier c ( t ) = cos 2π fc t where fc = 1 MHZ to produce an AM signal. (B) x = −2 x + 1 u. The block diagram of a system with one input it and two outputs y1 and y2 is given below.5ms 39. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www. 0 − 2 1 • 2 (D) x = 0 • • and y2 is y = 1 2 x T 1 y = x 2 y = 1 2 x 0 1 x + u. 16 .(B) Exp: .ECPaper CodeB 38.5 ms < RC < 1ms (C) RC << µs Answer: . For demodulating the generated AM signal using an envelope detector.com. the time constant RC of the detector circuit should satisfy (A) 0. A message signal GATE 2011 modulates www. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.Draw the signal flow graph © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.(B) Exp: . 2 1 1 y = x 2 Answer: . 1 1 s+2 s+ y1 2 2 +2 ss+ 2 y2 A state space model of the above system in terms of the state vector x the output vector y = y1 (A) x = 2 x + 1u.5 ms And time constant should be far greater than fm = 4000a = 2000 2a 1 1 << Rc < fC 2000 1µs << RC << 0. • −2 0 1 (C) x = x + u.5 ms (D) RC >> 0.gatementor. Ltd.gateforum.
The content of the accumulator after the execution of the program is MVI RLC MOV RLC RLC ADD RRC A.4z ) (1 − 0.6z −1 z −1 −1 H2 ( z ) = =z H1 ( z ) 1 − 0. The transfer function of the second system H2 (z) is X (n ) H1 ( z ) = (1 − 0.A B (B) 64H (C) 23H (D) 15H (A) 8CH © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.6z ) (A) z (1 − 0. −1 1 − 0.4z ) (C) (1 − 0. 17 .gateforum.com 4 −2 2 /S y1 y2 −1 From the graph ɺ x = −2x + 4 & y1 = x1 .6z ) −1 −1 ( ) Answer: . No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.The overall transfer function = z −1 (∵ unit day T.4z−1 ( ( ) ) 41.6z ) −1 −1 H2 ( z ) y (n ) (1 − 0.4z ) z (1 − 0.com. Two systems H1 (z) and H2 (z) are connected in cascade as shown below. Assume that the carry flag is initially unset.6z ) −1 −1 −1 −1 −1 −1 (B) z−1 1 − 0. y2 = 2x1 y 1 ɺ x = −2 x + 1 u.4z ) (D) z (1 − 0.07H B.(B) Exp: .4z ) (1 − 0. Ltd. An 8085 assembly language program is given below.6z−1 −1 −1 (1 − 0.gatementor.ECPaper CodeB x 1/S GATE 2011 x www. The overall output y(n) is the same as the input x(n) with a one unit delay.F = z −1 ) H1 ( z ) H2 ( z ) = z . 1 = x y2 2 40.
3 − j4. .DFT points are complex conjugates of each other and they one symmetric to the middle point. the switch is opened. x ( 0 ) = x* (7 ) x (1) = x* ( 6 ) x (2 ) = x* (5 ) x (3 ) = x* ( 4 ) ⇒ Last two points will be x* ( 0 ) and x* (1) = 1 + j3 and 5 43. The last two points of the DFT are respectively (B) 0.3kΩ −10V (A) 10 ms (B) 25 ms (C) 50 ms (D) 100 ms © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.MVI A.ECPaper CodeB Answer: . 1j3 Answer: . The switch is initially closed. VCEsat = 0. 07 H RLC MOV B. 0.gateforum. 1 − j3.7V. 18 .(C) Exp: .gatementor. A RLC RLC ADD B A + B 0010 2 0011 3 GATE 2011 www. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.7V. 0 and 3 + j4.com ⇒ 0000 ⇒ 0000 ⇒ 0000 ⇒ 0001 ⇒ 0011 0111 1110 1110 1100 1000 ← The content of ‘A’ ← The content of ‘A’ ← The content of ‘B’ ← The content of ‘B’ ← The content of ‘B’ 0000 0011 0100 23H 1110 1000 0110 RRC → 42. β = ∞. The first six points of the 8point DFT of a real valued sequence are5. VBEon=0. 1+j3 (C) 1+j3. At time t = 0. For the BJT QL in the circuit shown below.5mA −5V Q1 t =0 5µF 4. 5 (A) 0.(C) Exp: . Ltd. 5 (D) 1 – j3. The time t at which Q1 leaves the active region is 5V 0. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.com.
7 + 4. Ltd.3kΩ 5mF (∵ β = ∞. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. The switch is closed at time t=0.gateforum.IE = IC ) ICap = 1 − 0.3kΩ 4. In the circuit shown below.01V2 = 0. In the circuit shown below. the initial charge on the capacitor is 2. The current i(t) at a time t after the switch is closed is (A) i ( t ) = 15 exp −2 × 103 t A (B) i ( t ) = 5 exp −2 × 103 t A (C) i ( t ) = 10 exp −2 × 10 t A 3 ( ) i (t ) ( ) 10Ω 100V + − − + ( ( ) ) 50µF (D) i ( t ) = −5 exp −2 × 103 t A © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.3 (∵ VE = IERE ) VC = 5V = Vcap Vcap = ICap t c VCap ( C ) ICap Or t = = (5) × 5 × 10−6 0. V2 = −100I2 I2 = Y3 V1 + Y4 V2 ⇒ −0.ECPaper CodeB Answer: . the voltage gain 0.gatementor.7 + ( 4.1S Y = 0.5 = 0. At collector junction ICap + ( 0. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.(D) (B) –1/90 (C) –1/99 (D) –1/11 Exp: .N1 = 100V + 25I1 .com.3 = = 1mA 4. the network N is described by the following Y matrix: 0.7 + 10 4.5mA VC −5V t =0 4.com Always IE = 1mA . 19 .5 × 10−3 VE = IER E −10V = 50ms 44.1V2 ⇒ V2 −1 = V1 11 45.3 ) 3 × 1 × 10−3 = 0. with the voltage polarity as indicated.5mA always constant VCE = VC − VE ⇒ VC = VCE + VE = 0.01S − 0.01S V2 is .5mA ) = 1mA 5V 0.Apply KVL at the BE junction IE = −5 − 0.(C) Exp: .3kΩ GATE 2011 www.1S V1 25Ω I1 + + I2 100V + − V1 − N V2 − 100Ω (A) 1/90 Answer: .01V1 + 0.5 mC.
No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.ECPaper CodeB Answer: .gateforum.(C) Exp: . then x + 4y + 6z = 20 x + 4y + 6z = 20 infinite solution If λ = 6 and µ ≠ 20 .1) ( 4.1) (5.1) (3. 20 .(A) Exp: .Q = 2.(B) Exp: .1) (2. the x + 4y + 6z = 20 x + 4y + 6z = µ (B) λ = 6. µ ≠ 20 (C) λ ≠ 6. x + 4y + 6z = 20 and x + 4y + λz = µ If λ = 6 and µ = 20 . µ = 20 (D) λ ≠ 6. µ ≠ 20 ( µ ≠ 20 ) no solution If λ ≠ 6 and µ = 20 x + 4y + 6z = 20 will have solution x + 4y + λz = 20 λ ≠ 6 and µ ≠ 20 will also give solution 47.gatementor. A fair dice is tossed two times.1) © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. The system of equations x+y+z=6 x + 4y + 6z = 20 x + 4y + λz = µ has NO solution for values of λ and µ given by (A) λ = 6.5 × 10−3 C = 50V ⇒ Thus net voltage = 100 + 50 = 150V 50 × 10−6 F 150 exp −2 × 10t t A =15 exp −2 × 10t t A 10 ( ) ( ) 46. µ = 20 Answer: .com.Given equations are x + y + z = 6 . The probability that the second toss results in a value that is higher than the first toss is (A) 2/36 (B) 2/6 (C) 5/12 (D) ½ Answer: .com 2. Ltd. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.1) ( 6.Total number of cause = 36 Total number of favorable causes = 5+ 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 15 Then probability = 15 5 = 36 12 (1.5mC Vinitial = i (t) = GATE 2011 www.
4 ) (5.ECPaper CodeB GATE 2011 www. 4) ( 4.com (1.3) (3. The channel resistance when VGS = 3 V is (A) 360Ω (B) 917Ω (C) 1000Ω Vbi + VGS (D) 3000Ω Answer: .5) (5. 3) ( 4.gatementor. 2) ( 6. When the gate to source voltage (VGS) is 0 V.2) (1.gateforum. 6 ) (2. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. 6 ) Common Data Questions: 48 & 49 The channel resistance of an Nchannel JFET shown in the figure below is 600 Ω when the full channel thickness (tch) of 10µm is available for conduction. 6 ) (3.(C) Exp: .5) ( 6. 4) (2.2) (3. 6 ) ( 4. The builtin voltage of the gate P+ N junction (Vbi) is 1 V. 21 .Width of the depletion large W α W2 W1 = −1 − 3 ⇒ w2 = 2w1 = 2 (1µm) = 2µm −1 So that channel thickness = 10 – 4 = 6µm 8µm − 750 6µm − ? rd = 8 × 750 = 1000 Ω 6 49.3) ( 6. 4) (3.5) (1. 2) (2. the channel is depleted by 1µm on each side due to the builtin voltage and hence the thickness available for conduction is only 8µm + Gate P+ Source t ch N P+ Drain VGS − 48. The channel resistance when VGS = 0 V is (A) 480Ω (B) 600Ω (C) 750Ω (D) 1000Ω © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. 4) (1. 4) ( 6.5) ( 4.3) (5. 2) ( 4. Ltd.5) (2.2 ) (5. 3) (2. 6 ) ( 6.5) (3.com. 6 ) (5.3) (1. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.
(C) Exp: . 22 . t ch = 10µm . The gain margin of the system under closed loop unity negative feedback is (A) 0dB (B) 20dB (C) 26 dB (D) 46 dB Answer: .com. ( Given rd = 600Ω ) rd = 10 × 600 ← at 8µm = 750Ω 8 Common Data Questions: 50 & 51 H ( s) = 100 s ( s + 10 ) 2 The inputoutput transfer function of a plant . Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.gatementor.H ( s) = 100 s ( s + 10 ) 2 ω 0 Phase cross over frequency= −90 − 2 tan−1 = −180 10 ω 0 −1 ω 0 ⇒ −2 tan−1 = −90 ⇒ tan 10 = 45 ⇒ ω = 10 rad / sec 10 (H ( jw) ) = 100 j10 ( j10 + 10 ) 2 = 1 1 = 10.rdon α 1 t oh GATE 2011 www. The plant is placed in a unity negative feedback configuration as shown in the figure below.(C) Exp: . r + Σ u − H (s ) = 100 s ( s + 10 ) 2 y plant 50.com At VGS= 0. Ltd.ECPaper CodeB Answer: . The signal flow graph that DOES NOT model the plant transfer function H(s) is (A) u 1 1/s −10 −100 1/s 1/s −10 100 −100 y (B) u 1/s 1/s 1/s −20 100 y (C) u 1/s 1/s 1/s −20 100 −100 y (D) u 1/s 1/s 1/s 100 y © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.gateforum. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.2 20 GM = 20 log 1 = 20 log20 = 26dB 1 / 20 51.
7 + 0.7 − ( 0.com.(C) Exp: . The small signal input vi = Vp cos ( ωt ) where Vp = 100mV . The ac output voltage vac is (A) 0. Ltd.52 to Q.com Exp: (D) Option (D) does not fix for the given transfer function. 9900Ω + + − 12. assume that the voltage drop across a forward biased diode is 0.28 mA (C) 1. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www. The thermal voltage Vt = kT / q = 25mV.(A) Exp: . Linked Answer Questions: Q.gatementor.7 V.5 mA (D) 2 mA Answer: .7 + 0.(D) GATE 2011 www.25 cos ( ωt ) mV (C) 2 cos ( ωt ) mV (B) 1 cos ( ωt ) mV (D) 22 cos ( ωt ) mV Answer: . The bias current IDC through the diodes is (A) 1 mA (B) 1.7 + 0.IDC = 12.gateforum. rd = ηVT 2 × 25mV = = 50Ω ID 1mA η = 2 for Si (∵ forward drop = 0. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.55 Carry Two Marks Each Statement for Linked Answer Questions: 52 & 53 In the circuit shown below.7V) The ac dynamic resistance offered by each diode = 50Ω 4 × 50Ω 100 −3 ∴ Vac = Vi ( ac ) = 200 × 10 cos wt 10000 9900 + 50 Vac = 2 cos ( wt ) mV © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.7V IDC + iac vi VDC + v ac − 52. 23 .ECPaper CodeB Answer: .AC dynamic resistance.7 ) 9900 = 1mA 53.
Q Q d d r1 I r2 I 54. 40% of the voters promised to vote for P.gatementor.com.707d. on the day of election 15% of the voters went back on their promise to vote for P and instead voted for Q.Energy = r1 and r2 ⇒ Energy (in dD) = 10 log (1.For 1st constellation 2 r1 + r12 = d2 ⇒ r12 = d2 / 2 ⇒ r 1 = 0.307d 450 r2 r2 Answer: .707d.50 d/2 r2 = 1.307d) 2 (A) 11.79 dB (D) 5. and r2 of the circles are (A) r1 = 0.782d (B) r1 = 0. then what was the total number of voters? (B) 110 (C) 90 (D) 95 (A) 100 Answer: .(D) Exp:.707 ) 2 = 5.707d.gateforum.307d 55. Ltd. During the campaign. and rest for Q.73 dB r12 (0.33dB Q.707d For 2nd constellation d = r2 cos 67. No. the radii r1. 24 . r2 = 1. 56 – 60 Carry One Mark Each 56. d d/2 Assuming high SNR and that all signals are equally probable. There are two candidates P and Q in an election. For the constraint that the minimum distance between pairs of signal points be d for both constellations. P lost by 2 votes. Suppose. However.com Statement for Linked Answer Questions: 54 & 55 A fourphase and an eightphase signal constellation are shown in the figure below.(A) © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.545d (D) r1 = 0.90 dB Answer: .707d) = 2 2 r2 (1. 25% of the voters went back on their promise to vote for Q and instead voted for P.932d (C) r1 = 0.707d. r2 = 2. the additional average transmitted signal energy required by the 8PSK signal to achieve the same error probability as the 4PSK signal is (B) 8. r2 = 1. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.33 dB 2 2 Exp: .307) 2 (0.ECPaper CodeB GATE 2011 www. r2 = 1.5 2 67.(D) (C) 6. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.
60. human genes are to be manipulated only to correct diseases for which______________ treatments are unsatisfactory. The question below consists of a pair of related words followed by four pairs of words.gateforum. Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following sentence: It was her view that the country's problems had been_________ by foreign technocrats. so that to invite them to come back would be counterproductive.com. Select the pair that best expresses the relation in the original pair: Gladiator : Arena (A) dancer : stage (B) commuter: train (C) teacher : classroom (D) lawyer : courtroom Answer: . 25 .(D) © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. (A) Identified (B) ascertained (C) Texacerbated (D) Analysed Answer: . Ltd. Choose the most appropriate word from the options given below to complete the following sentence: Under ethical guidelines recently adopted by the Indian Medical Association. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.gatementor. The best choice is exacerbated which means aggravated or worsened. 58.The context seeks to take a deviation only when the existing/present/current/ alternative treatments are unsatisfactory. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission. (A) Similar (B) Most (C) Uncommon (D) Available Answer: .(B) Exp: .(D) Exp: .com Q 60% + 6% − 15% 51% 57. So the word for the blank should be a close synonym of existing/present/current/alternative.The best antonym here is rarity which means shortage or scarcity.ECPaper CodeB Exp: P 40% −6% +15% 49% ∴ 2% = 2 100% = 100 GATE 2011 www. Available is the closest of all. All other options are nonnegative. Choose the word from the options given below that is most nearly opposite in meaning to the given word: Frequency (A) periodicity (B) rarity (C) gradualness (D) persistency Answer: . 59.(C) Exp: The clues in the question are foreign technocrats did something negatively to the problems – so it is counterproductive to invite them.
The given relationship is worker: workplace. we can conclude that the fuel consumed per kilometre was least during the lap (A) P Answer: . No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.ECPaper CodeB GATE 2011 www. A gladiator is (i) a person. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.com Exp: . 61 – 65 Carry Two Marks Each 61 The fuel consumed by a motorcycle during a journey while traveling at various speeds is indicated in the graph below.gateforum. usually a professional combatant trained to entertain the public by engaging in mortal combat with another person or a wild. Ltd.(ii) A person engaged in a controversy or debate. No.(A) Exp: P Q R S (B) Q Fuel consumption 60 km / l 90 km / l 75 km / l 30 km / l (C) R Actual 15 1 = l 60 4 75 5 = l 90 6 40 8 = l 75 15 10 1 = l 30 3 (D) S © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. 120 Fuel consumption (kilometers per litre) 90 60 30 0 0 15 30 45 Speed 60 75 90 (kilometers per hour) The distances covered during four laps of the journey are listed in the table below Lap Distance (kilometers) Average speed (kilometers per hour) P Q R S 15 75 40 10 15 45 75 10 From the given data. especially in public. Q.com. 26 .gatementor.
Given that f(y) =  y  / y. f ( −q ) = = + q q = 2q q =2 64. and q is any nonzero real number. how many toffeeswere originally there in the bowl? (A) 38 (B) 31 (C) 48 (D) 41 Answer: . If the bowl had 17 toffees left. R took 1/3rd of the toffees. R... Ltd.com.com Three friends. S took 1/4th of what was left but returned three toffees to the bowl. f(y) = f ( q) − f ( q ) = y y q q ⇒ f ( q) = q q .(D) Exp: .Let the total number of toffees is bowl e x R took ∴ 1 3 of toffees and returned 4 to the bowl R = 1 x−4 3 2 x+ 4 3 Number of toffees with Remaining of toffees in bowl = Number of toffees with S = Remaining toffees in bowl = 1 2 x + 4 − 3 4 3 3 2 3 x + 4 + 4 4 Number of toffees with T = 1 3 2 x + 4 + 4 + 2 2 4 3 Remaining toffees in bowl = 1 3 2 x + 4 + 4 2 4 3 +2 Given. Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www.. GATE 2011 www. The sum of n terms of the series 4+44+444+.gatementor. S and T shared toffee from a bowl. 1 3 2 3 2 x + 4 + 4 + 2 = 17 ⇒ x + 4 = 27 ⇒ x = 48 2 4 3 4 3 63. 27 . T took half of the remainder but returned two back into the bowl. but returned four to the bowl.ECPaper CodeB 62. the value of  f(q) .gateforum.(C) Exp: . No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission.f(q)  is (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 1 −q −q −q q (D) 2 Answer: . is (A) ( 4 / 81) 10n+1 − 9n − 1 (C) ( 4 / 81) 10n+1 − 9n − 10 (B) ( 4 / 81) 10n−1 − 9n − 1 (D) ( 4 / 81) 10n − 9n − 10 © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt.Given.
(B) is correct since it is given that horses develop immunity after some time. Serums to fight with diphtheria and tetanus were developed this way.ECPaper CodeB Answer: .. © All rights reserved by Gateforum Educational Services Pvt. since the aim is to develop medicine and in turn immunize humans.gateforum. Then a serum was made from their blood. The horse has played a little known but very important role in the field of medicine. Ltd.. Even (C) is invalid since medicine is not built till immunity is developed in the horses.(B) Exp: .... (D) is incorrect since specific examples are cited to illustrate and this cannot capture the essence. 9 10n − 1 4 4 4 2 n = 10 + 10 + . Discuss GATE 2011 question paper at www....com 4 (9 + 99 + 999 + .) 9 4 (10 − 1) + 102 − 1 + 103 − 1 + .gatementor.. Horses were injected with toxins of diseases until their blood built up immunities. No part of this document may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the written permission....From the passage it cannot be inferred that horses are given immunity as in (A).) = = GATE 2011 www.10 − n = 10 − n = 10n+1 − 9n − 10 9 9 9 81 { ( ) ( ) } {( ) } ( ) { } 65.. It can be inferred from the passage that horses were (A) given immunity to diseases (B) generally quite immune to diseases (C) given medicines to fight toxins (D) given diphtheria and tetanus serums Answer: .....Let S=4 (1 + 11 + 111 + …….... Refer “until their blood built up immunities”.com. 28 .(C) Exp: .
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