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AU PP Unit 5 Final

AU PP Unit 5 Final

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Published by Lovleen Sethi

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Published by: Lovleen Sethi on Jul 19, 2011
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Spot welding involves three stages; the first of which involves the electrodes being
brought to the
surface of the

applying a slight

pressure. The
current from the
electrodes is then
applied briefly
after which the

removed but the
electrodes remain
in place in order
for the material to
cool. Weld times
range from 0.01
sec to 0.63 sec
depending on the
thickness of the

electrode force and the diameter of the electrodes themselves.
The equipment used in the spot welding process consists of tool holders and electrodes.
The tool holders function as a mechanism to hold the electrodes firmly in place and also
support optional water hoses which cool the electrodes during welding. Tool holding
methods include a paddle-type, light duty, universal, and regular offset. The electrodes
generally are made of a low resistance alloy, usually copper, and are designed in many
different shapes and sizes depending on the application needed.
The two materials being welded together are known as the workpieces and must conduct
electricity. The width of the workpieces is limited by the throat length of the welding
apparatus and ranges typically from 125 to 1250 mm. Workpiece thickness can range
from 0.2 to 30 mm
After the current is removed from the workpiece, it is cooled via the coolant holes in the
center of the electrodes. Both water and a brine solution may be used as coolants in spot
welding mechanisms.
Spot welding is one of the oldest welding processes. It is used in a wide range of
industries but notably for the assembly of sheet steel vehicle bodies in the automobile
manufacturing industry, where it is used almost universally to weld the sheet metal to
form a car. Spot welders can also be completely automated, and many of the industrial
robots found on assembly lines are spot welders.This is a type of resistance welding
where the spot welds are made at regular intervals on overlapping sheets of metal. Spot
welding is primarily used for joining parts that are normally up to 3 mm in thickness.
Thickness of the parts to be welded should be equal or the ratio of thickness should be

less than 3:1. The strength of the joint depends on the number and size of the welds.
Spot-weld diameters range from 3 mm to 12.5 mm.

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