Eastern Africa: Drought – Humanitarian Snapshot (as of 14 Jul 2011

)
Food insecurity remains at emergency levels across parts of the Horn of Africa, with Southern Somalia the most affected. Humanitarian organizations are struggling to cope with the influx of Somali refugees in Ethiopia and Kenya. Malnutrition and mortality rates are alarmingly high in many parts of the region.
Typical Seasonb Drought 2010-2011b

10.7 million
ERITREA

people in need of humanitarian assistanced

% below normal precipitationc
(Jun 2010 - May 2011) 200 km

Sep Rains in pastoral areas of Somalia, Kenya, southern Ethiopia and cropping areas of south-eastern Kenya bring pasture regeneration, increase water availability, and support crop development.

2010
Short rainy season

Oct

One of the driest Oct-Dec seasons ever. Second consecutive poor season in some pastoral and cropping areas. Very poor livestock production.

ETHIOPIA
4.56 million Addis-Ababa

120,000

DJIBOUTI
Djibouti Ali Addeh

SOMALIA
2.85 million

Nov

Typical lean season in pastoral areas. Main harvest in south-eastern Kenya. Minor harvest in Somalia.

Dec

Jan

2011
Long dry season

Livestock body conditions worsen. Crops fail in all marginal cropping areas of the eastern Horn. Lean season shortages exacerbated.

50 30

10

Est. current population in Dollo

228,014

120,000 Dollo Ado

SUDAN

Feb

KENYA
Late start of rains and erratic distribution over season. Rainfall less than 30% of the 1995-2010 average in some areas. Excess livestock mortality of 15 30% reported in pastoral areas, with mortality levels as high as 40 60% in localized areas, especially for cattle and sheep. Harvests expected to be delayed and below normal. Crop failure in marginal cropping areas likely. Staple cereal prices approach/exceed record levels.

Main rains in southern pastoral and belg-producing Ethiopia, Somalia, and pastoral areas of Kenya; secondary rains in south-eastern cropping areas of Kenya.

Mar

UGANDA
Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) (Jul - Sep 2011 projection)b 1: None or Minimal 2: Stressed 3: Crisis 4: Emergency 5: Catastrophe/Famine Note: No areas are yet in catastrophe/famine phase Area with limited humanitarian accessb
XX XX

2.4 million
Est. current population in Dadaab

One quarter of Somalia’s 7.5 million people is displaceda
Mogadishu

Apr

Main rainy season

380,000 Nairobi Dadaab 533,000

May

Kenya - Dadaab 1,260 average new arrivals
per dayd

Main harvest in Somalia (mid-Jun to mid-Aug). Minor harvests in south-eastern Kenya.

Jun

50% of new arrivals’ children are malnourishedd 3.2 to 6-fold increase in mortality of
children below 5 years compared to last year
a

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on all maps do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. Creation date: 14 Jul 2011 Data sources: UNCS, GAUL,
a d

Jul

Aug

Total refugee caseloads (as of 14 Jul)a Estimated number of food insecure populationd Major displacementa

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

UNHCR, bFEWS NET, cNOAA, OCHA

Short dry season

In collaboration with:

Ethiopia - Dollo Ado 54,000 new arrivals in 2011a 2,000 new arrivals per dayd 50% of new arrivals’ children are moderately or
severely malnourished
a

Feedback: ochaavmu@un.org www.unocha.org www.reliefweb.int

Eastern Africa: Malnutrition, Commodity Prices and Funding (as of 14 Jul 2011)
50

Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) (%) SOMALIA KENYA ETHIOPIA
1 45-47 New arrivals at Somali refugee
camps in Dollo Ado (Jul 2011)
b

Dramatic increases in food and fuel prices
Somalia - Prices in Somali shilling
Diesel in Mogadishu
(per litre) + 45%
81.9 26,500 18,125 38,500

Kenya - Prices in Kenyan shilling
Diesel in Nairobi
(per litre) + 30%

45

106.3

40

Red sorghum in Baidao
(per kg) + 240%

White maize in Mandera (per kg)

59

+ 51%
39

2 37.4 Turkana North East
(Jul 2011)g 35

5,325

Jun 2010

Jun 2011

Jun 2010

Jun 2011

Ethiopia - Prices in Ethiopian birr 3 32.6 Mandera West
(Jul 2011)g

1 33.4 Bokolmayo camp (Jul 2011)g 1 33 Melkadida camp (Jul 2011)g

Yellow maize in Jijiga
(per kg)
350

700

30

4 30.7 Juba (pastoral)
(Dec 2010)a

+ 100%

5 27.5 Mandera Central (Jul 2011)g
25

Jun 2010

Jun 2011

The impacts of the drought have been exacerbated by high food and fuel prices. Critical services such as transport, access to health facilities, food distribution and water trucking have been affected by the increase in fuel prices.

6 25.3 Gedo (agro-pastoral)
(Dec 2010)a

7 15-25 New arrivals at Somali refugee
camps in Dadaab (Jul 2011)a

8 25.0 Bale (May 2011)d

US$835 million received, $1 billion more required
High levels of acute malnutrition are widespread in northern and eastern Kenya, southern Ethiopia, central and southern Somalia, far exceeding internationally accepted GAM thresholds of 15%. GAM rates among Somali refugees arriving in Ethiopia have reached 47 percent, according to FAO’s Food Security and Nutrition Working Group.
39 30% Consolidated Appeal requirements in million US$

9 22.8 Wajir (Apr 2011)c
20

CRITICALf

Djibouti
268

% funded 398
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on all maps do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. Creation date: 14 Jul 2011 Data sources: aFEWS NET,
b

SERIOUS

15

11 15.2 Mogadishu
(Apr 2011)e

10 15.6 Garbatulla (Feb 2011)a

68% 24%

10

Ethiopia
(Jan-Jun)

Ethiopia
(Jul-Dec)

POOR

561
2 3 5 9 10 6 11 4
Mogadishu

605

e

FSNWG, cSCF-UK, dConcern, FSNAU, fWHO, gUNICEF

In collaboration with:

ACCEPTABLE

5

7 8 1

47%

47%
Feedback: ochaavmu@un.org www.unocha.org www.reliefweb.int

Somalia

Kenya

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