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Solved Problems of Jackson's Electrodynamics 01

Solved Problems of Jackson's Electrodynamics 01

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10/28/2015

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Plugging this back into the expansion gives

G = − 1

∞ −∞

1

m

ρ<
ρ>

m

eim(φ−φ )

= − 1

∞ 1

1

m

ρ<
ρ>

m

cos[m(φ−φ )].

Jackson seems to be adding a ln term to this, which comes from the m = 0
solution of the radial equation, but I have left it out because it doesn’t vanish
as ρ →∞.

Problem 2.18

(a) By finding appropriate solutions of the radial equation in part b of
Problem 2.17, find the Green function for the interior Dirichlet prob-
lem of a cylinder of radius b [gm(ρ,ρ = b) = 0. See (1.40)]. First
find the series expansion akin to the free-space Green function of
Problem 2.17. Then show that it can be written in closed form as

G = ln

ρ2

ρ 2

+b4

−2ρρ b2

cos(φ−φ )

b2

(ρ2

+ρ 2

−2ρρ cos(φ−φ ))

or

G = ln

(b2

−ρ2

)(b2

−ρ 2

) +b2

|ρ−ρ |2

b2

|ρ−ρ |2

.

(b) Show that the solution of the Laplace equation with the potential
given as Φ(b,φ) on the cylinder can be expressed as Poisson’s inte-
gral of Problem 2.12.

(c) What changes are necessary for the Green function for the exterior
problem (b < ρ < ∞), for both the Fourier expansion and the
closed form? [Note that the exterior Green function is not rigorously
correct because it does not vanish for ρ or ρ → ∞. For situations
in which the potential falls of fast enough as ρ→∞, no mistake is
made in its use.]

(a) As before, we write the general solution of the radial equation for gm in the
two distinct regions:

gm(ρ,ρ ) =

A1mρ m

+B1mρ −m

, ρ < ρ

A2mρ m

+B2mρ −m

, ρ > ρ.

(21)

The first boundary conditions are that gm remain finite at the origin and
vanish on the cylinder boundary. This requires that

B1m = 0

Homer Reid’s Solutions to Jackson Problems: Chapter 2

16

and

A2mbm

+B2mb−m

= 0

so

A2m = γmb−m

B2m =−γmbm

for some constant γm.
Next, gm must be continuous at ρ = ρ :

A1mρm

= γm

ρ
b

m

b
ρ

m

A1m = γm
ρm

ρ
b

m

b
ρ

m .

With this we have

gm(ρ,ρ ) = γm

ρ
b

m

b
ρ

m ρ
ρ

m

, ρ < ρ

= γm

ρ
b

m

b
ρ

m , ρ > ρ.
Finally, dgm/dρ must have a finite jump of magnitude 1/ρ at ρ = ρ.

1

ρ = dgm

ρ =ρ+

− dgm

ρ =ρ−

= mγm

ρm−1

bm + bm
ρm+1

−mγm

ρ
b

m

b
ρ

m 1

ρ

= 2mγm

b
ρ

m

1

ρ

so

γm = 1

2m

ρ
b

m

and

gm(ρ,ρ ) = 1

2m

ρρ
b2

m

ρ
ρ

m , ρ < ρ

= 1

2m

ρρ
b2

m

ρ
ρ

m , ρ > ρ.

or

gm(ρ,ρ ) = 1

2m

ρρ
b2

m

ρ<
ρ>

m .

Plugging into the expansion for G gives

G(ρ,φ,ρ ,φ ) = 1

∞ n=1

1

m

ρρ
b2

m

ρ<
ρ>

m cosm(φ−φ ). (22)

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