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n\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg1}{\bkmkend Pg1}\par\pard
\ql \li3457\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3457\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\
ql\li3457\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3457\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd
tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ANATOMIE \u350?I FIZIOLOGIE UMAN\u2
58? \par\pard\ql \li3520\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1.ALC\
u258?TUIREA CORPULUI UMAN \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt
w0\charscalex96 TOPOGRAFIA ORGANELOR \u350?I A SISTEMELOR DE ORGANE \par\pard\
qj \li1278\ri1493\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Organele\ul0\
nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt alc\u259?tuite din grup\u259?ri de celule \u351?i \
u355?esuturi care s-au \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 diferen\u355?iat în vederea îndep
linirii anumitor func\u355?ii în organism. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1648\sb220\sl-40
0\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sistemele de o
rgane\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt unit\u259?\u355?i morfologice care îndepl
inesc \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 func\u355?iile organismului: de rela\u35
5?ie, de nutri\u355?ie \u351?i de reproducere. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1475\sb220
\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Corpul u
man\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este un tot unitar din punct de vedere morfologi
c \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 func\u355?ional, fiind alc\u259?tuit din:
cap,gât, trunchi \u351?i membre. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e
xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Capul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3
2 este alc\u259?tuit din 2 p\u259?r\u355?i: \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri2417\sb53\sl
-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cranian\u259?, corespunz\u259?toare ne
urocraniului(cutia cranian\u259?); \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -facial\u259?, co
respunz\u259?toare viscerocraniului(oasele fe\u355?ei); \up0 \expndtw0\charscale
x98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Gâtul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 prezint\u259? 2
p\u259?r\u355?i: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc
alex97 -posterioar\u259?-nucal\u259?(ceafa); \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\s
lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -anterioar\u259?-gâtul propriu-zis; \par\pard\q
l \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f
2\fs32 Trunchiul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este format din: \par\pard\ql \li12

78\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -torace-cavitatea toracic\u2
59?; \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri3151\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97
-abdomen-cavitatea abdominal\u259?; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -pelvis-c
avitatea pelvian\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1404\sb17\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \ex
pndtw0\charscalex97 Mu\u351?chiul diafragm\u259? separ\u259? cavitatea toracic\u
259? de cea abdominal\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\
fs32 Membrele\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt alc\u259?tuite din: \par\pard\ql
\li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -centuri; \par\pard\ql
\li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -por\u355?iuni libere.
\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg2
}{\bkmkend Pg2}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\s
l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl
-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Membrele su
perioare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt alc\u259?tuite din: \par\pard\ql \li12
78\ri1581\sb53\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f
2\fs32 centura scapular\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 care leag\u259? membre
le superioare de trunchi; \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs
32 por\u355?iunea liber\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 are 3 segmente:bra\u35
5?, antebra\u355? \u351?i mâna. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\
cf1\f2\fs32 Membrele inferioare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt alc\u259?tuite
din: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1974\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97
-\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 centura pelvian\u259? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 c
are leag\u259? membrele inferioare de trunchi; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98
-\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 por\u355?iunea liber\u259? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\
fs32 are 3 segmente:coapsa,gamba \u351?i piciorul. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-3
68\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb55\sl-36
8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 PLANURI \u350?
I RAPORTURI ANATOMICE ALE CORPULUI UMAN \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult
0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Corpul uman este tridi
mensional, str\u259?b\u259?tut de 3 axe \u351?i 3 planuri. \par\pard\qj \li1278\
ri1599\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\f
s32 AXELE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corespund dimensiunilor spa\u355?iului \u3
51?i se întretaie în unghi \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 drept. \par\pard\qj \li1278\r
i1710\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs
32 Axul longitudinal-vertical\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2
\fs32 la om (în lungimea corpului)\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 are 2 \up0 \expndtw
0\charscalex98 poli: \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri4280\sb15\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expnd
tw0\charscalex97 -superior-cranial; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -inferiorcaudal. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1780\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex
97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Axul sagital-anteroposterior(al grosimii corpului
)\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 are 2 poli: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -anterior;
\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb169\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -posterio
r. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2438\sb44\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \
ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Axul transversal-orizontal(al l\u259?\u355?imii corpu
lui)\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 are 2 poli: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -stâng; \
par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -drept. \pa
r\pard\qj \li1278\ri3343\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no
supersub\cf1\f2\fs32 PLANURILE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corpului uman trec pr
in câte dou\u259? axe. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Pla
nul frontal,vertical\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\pape
rw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg3}{\bkmkend Pg3}\par\pard\ql \l
i1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1
278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch
arscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -este paralel cu fruntea; \par\pard\ql \l
i1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -trece prin axul longitud
inal \u351?i transversal; \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2597\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0
\expndtw0\charscalex97 -împarte corpul în 2 p\u259?r\u355?i asimetrice:( anterioar\u
259?-ventral\u259?) \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i(posterioar\u259?-dorsal\
u259?); \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1475\sb15\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale
x97 (exemplu:nasul este situat anterior, coloana vertebral\u259? posterior). \up

0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Planul sagital, vertical\ul
0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri5456\sb0\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \
expndtw0\charscalex97 -este perpendicular pe planul frontal; \up0 \expndtw0\char
scalex97 -trece prin axul longitudinal \u351?i sagital; \up0 \expndtw0\charscale
x98 -este planul simetriei bilaterale; \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb199\sl-368\slmult0
\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -împarte corpul în 2 jum\u259?t\u259?\u355?i simetrice:
dreapt\u259? \u351?i stâng\u259?; \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1795\sb226\sl-400\slmult
0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 (exemplu:ochii sunt a\u351?eza\u355?i lateral fa\u
355?\u259? de nas \u351?i medial fa\u355?\u259? de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 u
rechi). \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u
l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Planul transversal, orizontal\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs
32 : \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4178\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97
-este perpendicular pe planul frontal \u351?i sagital; \up0 \expndtw0\charscale
x98 -trece prin axul sagital \u351?i transversal; \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2525\sb
146\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -împarte corpul în 2 p\u259?r\u355?i
asimetrice:superioar\u259?-cranial\u259? \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 inf
erioar\u259?-caudal\u259?; \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1190\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0
\expndtw0\charscalex98 (exemplu:ochii sunt situa\u355?i cranial fa\u355?\u259?
de gur\u259?, iar gura, caudal fa\u355?\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de nas
). \par\pard\ql \li1563\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no
supersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2.FUNC\u354?IILE FUNDAMENTALE ALE ORGANISMULUI UMAN \par\pa
rd\ql \li4000\ri3788\sb24\sl-620\slmult0\tx4568 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2.1.
FUNC\u354?IILE DE RELA\u354?IE \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 SISTEMUL NE
RVOS \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2079\sb146\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9
7 Clasificarea sistemului nervos\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se face din punct d
e vedere \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 topografic \u351?i func\u355?ional.
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{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li
neWidth}{\sv 14431}}
}}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P
g4}{\bkmkend Pg4}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0
\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\
sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 I.\ul0\no
supersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Din punct de vedere topografic\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 ,
sistemul nervos se clasific\u259? în: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \
up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SISTEM NERVOS CENTRAL-N
EVRAX SAU AX \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9
7 CEREBROSPINAL\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 , este format din:encefal \u351?i m\u
259?duva spin\u259?rii. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2703\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \ex
pndtw0\charscalex97 a)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Encefalul \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\
f3\fs32 (localizat în cutia cranian\u259?) este alc\u259?tuit din: \up0 \expndtw0\
charscalex98 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 trunchi cerebral\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3
\fs32 , format din: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha
rscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 bulb
rahidian; \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3839\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca
lex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 puntea l
ui Varolio; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-391
3?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 mezencefal. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb213\sl-368\sl
mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 diencefal\ul0\nos
upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 , format din: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0
\expndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\
f3\fs32 talamus; \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri4161\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw
0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32
metatalamus; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3
913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 epitalamus; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex100
\ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 hipotalamus;
\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosu
persub\cf1\f2\fs32 cerebel; \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn
dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 emisf

ere cerebrale\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1083\sb198\sl410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 M\u259?duv
a spin\u259?rii\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este localizat\u259? în canalul verteb
ral, se întinde de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 la vertebra cervical\u259? C1 la ve
rtebra lombar\u259? L2, de unde se \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 continu\u25
9? cu filum terminale pân\u259? la vertebra a 2- a coccigian\u259?. \par\pard\qj \
li1278\ri1103\sb202\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2.\ul0\nosupersub
\cf1\f2\fs32 SISTEM NERVOS PERIFERIC\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 , este format di
n \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 nervi periferici\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \u351
?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ganglioni nervo\u351?
i\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2010\sb180\sl-420\slmult0\
tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosu
persub\cf1\f2\fs32
Nervii periferici\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 alc\u259?tui
\u355?i din prelungirile neuronale, sunt \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 r
eprezenta\u355?i de: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1360\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndt
w0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf5\f6\fs32 nervii cranieni\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\
f3\fs32 , în num\u259?r de 12 perechi, sunt senzitivi, motori \up0 \expndtw0\chars
calex98 \u351?i mic\u351?ti; \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb3\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd
tw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf5\f6\fs32 nervi spinali\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f
3\fs32 , în num\u259?r de 31 perechi, sunt mic\u351?ti. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri128
2\sb26\sl-400\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\
fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32
Ganglionii nervo\u351?i\ul0\nosupers
ub\cf2\f3\fs32 forma\u355?i din aglomer\u259?ri de corpi neuronali, \line\tab \
up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sunt reprezenta\u355?i de:
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1546\shptop2369\shpright5796\shpbottom2369\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz52\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s
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idth}{\sv 14431}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1546\shptop11155\shpright5974\shpbottom11155\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz412\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}
{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li
neWidth}{\sv 14431}}
}}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P
g5}{\bkmkend Pg5}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0
\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\ri3608\sb342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c
harscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -ganglioni spinali; \line \up0 \expndtw0
\charscalex97 -ganglioni cranieni; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -gangliono
vegetativi. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9
7 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 II Din punct de vedere func\u355?ional,\ul0\nosupe
rsub\cf2\f3\fs32 sistemul nervos se clasific\u259? în. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1900
\sb198\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 1.
SISTEM NERVOS SOMATIC-AL VIE\u354?II DE RELA\u354?IE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32
care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 asigur\u259? activitatea motorie somatic\u259?
\u351?i sensibilitatea senzitivo\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 senzorial\u259? în fu
nc\u355?ie de condi\u355?iile mediului înconjur\u259?tor. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb2
45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Rol-integrarea organismului în mediu
l s\u259?u de via\u355?\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1475\sb190\sl-420\slmult0
\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2.SISTEM NERVOS VEGETATI
V(SNV)\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 , coordoneaz\u259? activitatea \up0 \expndtw0\
charscalex98 organelor interne(viscerelor), în condi\u355?ii diferite de via\u355?
\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 SN
V are 2 componente: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha
rscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf5\f6\fs32 parasimpaticul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32
, intervine în condi\u355?ii obi\u351?nuite de via\u355?\u259?, \par\pard\qj \li1
278\ri2720\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf5\
f6\fs32 simpaticul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 , intervine în condi\u355?ii neobi\u
351?nuite, periculoase. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32
SISTEMUL NERVOS SOMATIC \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0
\charscalex97 FUNC\u354?IA REFLEX\u258? \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0

\par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1404\sb26\sl-400\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Func\u355?ia reflex\u259? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\ f3\fs32 se realizeaz\u259? prin substan\u355?a cenu\u351?ie a sistemului \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 nervos. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -la interior -nucleii bazali(corpii stria\u355?i). epitalamus \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 hipotalamus. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri2520\sb45\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 -În \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 emisferele cerebrale\ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 . ce con\u355?i n neuroni somatomotori. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 fragmentat\u259? în nuclei:motori. \par\pard\ql \li 1278\ri1208\sb218\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -În \ul0\nosupersub\c f1\f2\fs32 diencefal\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . substan\u355?a cenu\u351?ie este dispus\u259? la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 int erior \u351?i prezint\u259? prelungiri. vegetativi \u351?i proprii. senzitivi. substan\u355?a cenu\u351?ie formeaz\u259?: \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 -la exterior-scoar\u355?a cerebral\u259?(cortexul cerebral). ce con\u355?in neuroni somatosenzitivi.Baza anatomic\u259? a actului \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 reflex este \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 arcul reflex\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 . \par\ pard\ql \li1638\ri1291\sb156\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Actul reflex\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este procesul fizio logic de r\u259?spuns la ac\u355?iunea unui \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 stimul a supra unei zone receptoare. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 la interior-nuclei de substan\u355?\u259? cenu\u351?ie. subs tan\u355?a cenu\u351?ie este dispus\u259? la interior. numite coarne: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb22 3\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -2 coarne anterioare. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1404\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -În \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 trunchiul cerebral\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . ce con\u355?in neuron i vegetativi:visceromotori \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 viscerosenzitivi. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 -2 coarne posterioare. \par\ pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -În \ul0\nosupers ub\cf1\f2\fs32 cerebel\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 substan\u355?a cenu\u351?ie f ormeaz\u259?: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 la exterio r-scoar\u355?a cerebeloas\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2239\sb204\sl-420\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Distribu\u355?ia substan\u355?ei cenu\u351?ii în sistemu l nervos central este \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 urm\u259?toarea: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1652\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -La nivelul \ul0 \nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . sunt mase de substan\u355?\u25 9? cenu\u351?ie sub form\u259? de nuclei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 în toate comp onentele sale:talamus. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Componentele arcului reflex \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb343\ sl-379\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Receptor\ul0\nosupersub\cf6\f7\fs44 \ . {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1546\shptop3801\shpright5742\shpbottom3801\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz76\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1546\shptop5845\shpright6080\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz148\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop10534\shpright3626\shpbottom10534\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz268\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g6}{\bkmkend Pg6}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0 \sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1955\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 2 coarne laterale. metatalamus.

\ul0\nosuper sub\cf5\f6\fs32 Dup\u259? localizare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1638\shptop8702\shpright3382\shpbottom8702\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz236\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1638\shptop10134\shpright5942\shpbottom10134\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz308\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g7}{\bkmkend Pg7}\par\pard\ql \li3437\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3437\sb0 \sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3437\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3437\sb92\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 exteroceptorii sunt situa\u355?i spre periferia \pa r\pard\qj \li3797\ri1910\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 organis mului \u351?i primesc informa\u355?ii din mediul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ext ern. periost(membran\u259? conjunctiv\u2 59? a \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 oaselor). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f 4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 baroreceptori(pentru presiune). \pa r\pard\qj \li1638\ri4618\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nos upersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 osmoreceptori(pt.u8594?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Centru nervos\ul0\nosupersub\cf7\f8\fs44 \u859 4?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Efector \par\pard\qj \li2358\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \p ar\pard\qj\li2358\ri1657\sb46\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Receptorul \ul0\nosupersub\cf2 \f3\fs32 este o structur\u259? excitabil\u259? care r\u259?spunde la \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 stimuli. pres iune osmotic\u259?).\ul0\nosupersub\cf5\f6\fs32 Dup\u259? vi teza de adaptare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2179\sb226\ sl-400\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u -3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 fazici-activitate cre\u351?te la aplicarea s . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb245\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. gustativi). \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs 32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 chemoreceptori(olfactivi. termici. \par\pard\ql \li3437\ri1091\sb16\sl-406\slmult0\tx3797\tx3797\tx3797 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 proprioceptorii sunt localiza\u355?i în mu\u351?chi. propor\u 355?ional cu \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 intensitatea stimulului. \par\pard\qj \ li2358\ri1178\sb19\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Rolul receptorului este de a transforma energia stimulului în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 influx ner vos. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Clasificarea receptorilor\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \pa r\pard\ql \li2358\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1.auditivi. prin varia\u355?ii de poten\u355?ial gradate. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb214\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 3. \par\pard\ql \l i3437\ri1161\sb11\sl-410\slmult0\tx3797\tx3797 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\ nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 interoceptorii(visc eroceptorii) sunt situa\u355?i în pere\u355?ii \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 organelor interne(viscerelor) \u351?i primesc informa\u355?ii \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 din interiorul organismului. tendoane. \ par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3214\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 termoreceptori(pentr u diferen\u355?e de temperatur\u259?) \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 algoreceptori-nociceptori(pe ntru durere) \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-39 13?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 fotoreceptori.durero \u351?i.\ul0\nosupersub\cf5\f6\fs32 Dup\u25 9? natura agentului excitant\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\qj \li1638\r i1595\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs 32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 mecanoreceptori(tactili. \line\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 articula\u355?ii.vestibulari). pericondru(înveli\u351? con junctiv al \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cartilajelor).

care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 r\u259?spund prin contrac\u 355?ie. care r\u259?spund prin secre\u355?ie. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1262\sb18 0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Calea eferent\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este motorie. \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 fibrele motorii ale nervilor cranieni. \par\pard \sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg8}{\bkmken d Pg8}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-410\slm ult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri2009\sb342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Centrii nervo\u351?i\u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 reprezint\u259? toate structurile sistemului nervos \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 central care analizeaz\u259? \u351?i prelucreaz\u259? informa\u355?iile primite \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 genereaz\u259? im pulsuri nervoase. transmi\u35 5?ând comenzile. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 tonici-activ itate constant\u259? pe durata aplic\u259?rii stimulului. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Sunt reprezenta\u355?i de: \par\pard\ql \li 1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chii stria\u355?i (efectori ai sistemului nervos somatic) \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2241\sb226\sl-400 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chii netezi(efectori ai sistemului nervos vegetativ). face le g\u259?tura dintre receptori \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 centrii nervo\u 351?i. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri3726\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 axonii neuronilor motori din m\u259?duva spin\u259?rii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 format\u259? din c\u259?i ascendente \u351?i descendente . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 Fiecare centru nervos are 2 compartimente func\u355?ionale: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1079\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 compartimentul senzitiv unde sosec informa\u355?iile de la receptori. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 Este reprezentat\u259? de. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Est e reprezentat\u259? de: \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1922\sb26\sl-400\slmult0\tx2717 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 dendritele \u351?i axonii neuronilor senzitivi din ganglionii \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 spinali. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1210\sb20\sl-40 0\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913 ?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 dendritele \u351?i axonii neuronilor senzitivi de pe traseul unor \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nervi cranieni. \par\pard \sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg9}{\bkmken d Pg9}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slm ult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmu . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -g lande exocrine. \par\pard\ql \li1 278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FUNC\u354?IA DE CONDUCERE \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 CLASIFICAREA C\u258?ILOR DE CONDUCERE \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri17 59\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 FUNC\u354?IA DE CONDUCERE\ul 0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se realizeaz\u259? prin substan\u355?a alb\u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\ nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 compartimentul moto r care transmite comenzile c\u259?tre efectori. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4162\sb15\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u258?ILE ASCENDENTE-ALE SENSIBILIT\u258?\u354?II\ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt senzitive. face leg\u259?tura dintr e centrii nervo\u351?i \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 efectori.timulului \u351?i scade la \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 men\u355?inerea stimulului. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 -glande endocrine. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2720\sb15\sl620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Efectorii\u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 execut\u259? comanda primit\u259? de la centrii nervo \u351?i. \par\pard\qj \li1278\r i1813\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\f s32 Calea aferent\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este senzitiv\u259?.

împreun\u259? cu calea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 s pinotalamic\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1341\sb26\sl-4 00\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al doilea neurno(deutoneuronul)-în cornul posterior medular. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb1\sl-359\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf8\f9\fs32 C\u259?ile sensibilit\u259?\u355?ii tactile grosiere\ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 au pe parcurs 3 neuroni: {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1546\shptop6467\shpright6400\shpbottom6467\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz172\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g10}{\bkmkend Pg10}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -primul neuron(protoneuronul)-în ganglionul spinal. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -al treilea neuron(tritoneuronul) . \par\ pard\qj \li1638\ri2046\sb226\sl-400\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sensibilitatea tactil\u259? fin\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf5\f6\fs32 C\u259?ile sen sibilit\u259?\u355?ii tactile fine\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 au pe parcurs 3 n euroi: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pri mul neuron(protoneuronul)-în ganglionul spinal. \par\pard\ql \li19 98\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al treilea neuron(tritoneuro nul)-în talamus. \par\pard\ql \li1638 \sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 nespecifice care conduc sensibilitatea \par\p ard\qj \li1998\ri3121\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 interocepti v\u259?(visceroceptiv\u259?).lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -conduc excita\u355? iile sub form\u259? de influx nervos de la \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1814\sb26\sl-4 00\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 receptori(exteroceptori. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1637\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sensibilitatea tactil\u 259? grosier\u259?. proprioceptori \ u351?i interoceptori) la centrii \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nervo\u351?i \u351? i deservesc sensibilitatea corpului. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -au pe parcurs 3 neuroni. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 Proiec\u355?ia cortical\u259? este în neocortexul receptor-în zona \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1822\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 somestezic\u259? I . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri5495\sb42\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 1. conduc impulsuri cu rol în perceperea \u351?i \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 discriminarea stimulilor.Se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? la nivelul bulbului rahidian. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 au proiec\u355?ie cortical\u259?. pentru fo rmarea senza\u355?iilor specifice. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 Rol-conduc informa\u355?ii tactile fine \u351?i vibra\u355?iile. epicritic\u259? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este condus \u259? prin \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fascilulele spinobulbare \ul0\ nosupersub\cf5\f6\fs32 Goll\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \u351?i \ul0\nosupersub\ cf5\f6\fs32 Burdach\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Aceste c\u259?i sunt de 2 tipuri: \par\pard\ql \li163 8\ri1733\sb198\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 specifice pentru fieca re tip de sensibilitate(exteroceptiv\u259? \u351?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 proprioceptiv\u259?). termici \u351?i d urero\u351?i în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 scoar\u355?a cerebral\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1547\sb186\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 -conduc impulsuri de la exteroceptorii tactili. protopatic\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este condus\u25 9? \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 prin fasciculul spinotalamic anterior.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u259?ile sensibilit\u259?\u355?ii exteroceptive\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt c\ u259?i specifice. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1199\sb0\sl -420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al doilea neuron(deutoneuronul)-în nucle ii Goll \u351?i Burdach din \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 bulb.

Se încruci\u351?eaz\u259?la nivelul m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii. \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex98 Rol-conduc informa\u355?ii termice \u351?i dureroase. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al treilea neuron(tritoneuronul)-în t alamus. \par\pard\ qj \li1998\ri2802\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf1\f2\fs32 2. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -al treilea neuron(tri toneuronul)-în talamus.-în talamus.C\u259?ile sensibilit\u259?\u355?ii proprioceptive-kinestezice\u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt c\u259?i specifice . \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 Rol-conduc informa\u355?ii tactile grosiere \u351?i de presiune u\u351?oar\ u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 au proiec\u355?ie cortical\u259? sau subcortical\u259?.Se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? la nivelul bulbului rahidian.\par\pard\qj \ li1998\ri2232\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C\u259?ile sensibil it\u259?\u355?ii termice \u351?i dureroase au pe parcurs 3 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 neuroni: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -primul neuron(protoneuronul)-în ganglionul spinal. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri13 41\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al doilea neuron(deutoneuronu l)-în corpul posterior medular. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1665\sb160\sl-420\slmu lt0\fi268 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C\u259?ile sensibilit\u259?\u355?ii propri oceptive con\u351?tiente au pe parcurs 3 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 neuroni: \p ar\pard\ql \li1998\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -primul neur on(protoneuronul)-în ganglionul spinal. membrelor. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri4295\sb4\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -co nduc informa\u355?iile de la proprioceptori. trunchiului. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1501\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 Proiec\u355?ia cortical\u259? în neocortexul receptor-în zona senzitivo\up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 motorie. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop8333\shpright9094\shpbottom8333\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz196\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g11}{\bkmkend Pg11}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw1838\colsr160\c olno2\colw10102\colsr160\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\ sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\ sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb7\ sl-253\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913 ?\par\pard\column \ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368 \slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb73\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sensibilitatea p roprioceptiv\u259? incon\u351?tient\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este condu s\u259?\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prin:\ . \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1199\sb26\sl-400\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al doilea neuron(deutoneuronul)-în nucleii Goll \u351?i Burdach din \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 bulb. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1 330\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs 32 Sensibilitatea proprioceptiv\u259? con\u351?tient\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 este condus\u259? prin \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fasciculele spinobulbare Goll \u351?i Burdach. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1076\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 Proiec\u355?ia cortical\u259? în neocortexul receptor-în zona somestezic\u259 ? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 II. \par\pard\li1638\sb148\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscal ex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\ nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sensibilitatea termic\u259? \u351?i dureroas\u259?\ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este condus\u259? prin\par\pard\li1638\sb0\sl-299\slmult0\ fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fasciculul spinotalamic lateral. la scoar\u355?a cerebral\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 Proiec\u355?ia cortical\u259? în neocortexul receptor -în zona \par\pard\ qj \li1998\ri1750\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 someostezic\u2 59? I.Se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? la nivelul m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Rol-conduc informa\u355?iile de la propriocept orii din regiunea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 gâtului.

C\u259?ile sensibilit\u259?\u355?ii interoceptive (v isceroceptive)\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 spec ifice \u351?i nespecifice:\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1492\sb2\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 -c\u259?ile specifice sunt conduse prin fasciculele spinotala mice. \line \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C\u259?ile sensibilit\u259?\u355?ii proprioceptive in con\u351?tiente au pe parcurs 2 \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 neuroni:\par\p ard\ql \li20\ri1368\sb3\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -primul neuro n(protoneuronul)-în ganglionul spinal.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt de 2 tipuri:voluntare \u351?i inv oluntare. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al doile a neuron(deutoneuronul)-în nucleii cornului posterior \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 medular.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Rol-conduc informa\u355?ii de la viscere. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -c\u259?ile nespecifice sunt reprezentate de s ubstan\u355?a reticulat\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 care se întinde de la m\ u259?duva sacrat\u259? pân\u259? la talamus.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1. nu se încruci\u351?eaz\u259 ?.\u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u259?ile motilit\u259?\u355?ii voluntare-piramidale\ par\pard\qj \li20\ri1634\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Motilita tea voluntar\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este condus\u259? prin \ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 c\u259?ile piramidale \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cortic ospinale(directe \u351?i încruci\u351?ate)\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \u351?i \ul 0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 corticobulbare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -fasciculul spinocerebelos încruci\u351?at Go wers care preia \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 informa\u355?ii din partea sup erioar\u259? a trunchiului \u351?i membrele \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 su perioare.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1919\sb9\sl-410\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Rol-conduc informa\u355?iile de la proprioceptorii di n regiunea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 gâtului. trunchiului \u351?i membrelor în cer ebel. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la nivelul bul bului comportamentul este diferit: \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 75% din fibre se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? la nivelul bulbului.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1652\sb2\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 3.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -deservesc motilitatea corpului. \line \tab \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 formând fasciculul piramidal încruci\u351?at.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Proie c\u355?ia cortical\u259? în cerebel.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf9\f10\f s22 a)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u259?ile piramidale corticospinale\ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2266\shptop13678\shpright7778\shpbottom13678\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz356\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g12}{\bkmkend Pg12}\par\pard\ql \li2358\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2358\s b0\sl-413\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2358\ri2083\sb333\sl-413\slmult0\tx2717\tx3077 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -str\u259?bat descendent toate etajele trunchiului cerebral. \par\pard\ql \li2508\ri1327\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\fi209\tx3077\tx3077 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 25% din fibre nu se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? în bulb ci în m\u259?du .\par\pard\ ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb85\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u258?ILE DESCENDENTE-ALE MOTILIT\ u258?\u354?II\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 :\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult 0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb87\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt motor ii. se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? la nivelul m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii.par\pard\ql \li20\ri1212\sb8\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -fascicu lul spinocerebelos direct Flechsig care preia informa\u355?ii \line \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 din partea inferioar\u259? a corpului.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1210\sb6\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 -conduc impulsuri nervoase de la centrii nervo\u351?i ai encefalu lui \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 spre m\u259?duv\u259?.

\par\par d\ql \li1278\sb224\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Rol-conduc comenzi pentru mi\u351?c\u259?rile voluntare. ale musculaturii somatic e din regiunea capului \u351?i o \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 parte din regiunea gâtului. \par\pard\qj \li2508\ri1629\sb4\sl-420\slmult0\tx2867 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 . ale musculaturii somatice din regi unea trunchiului. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1795\sb26 \sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 coordonate. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1103\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 2. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1423\sb15\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b) \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u259?ile extrapiramidale care pornesc din centr ii subcorticali: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -au pe traseu 2 neuroni: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -primul neuron(protoneuronul)-în centrii subcorticali. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -aju ng în cordoanele anterioare ale m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 . {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1546\shptop12834\shpright8196\shpbottom12834\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz388\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g13}{\bkmkend Pg13}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -au pe traseu 2 neuroni: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -primul neuron(protoneuronul)-în neocortexul motor. \par\pard\qj \li2358\r i1586\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? la nivele diferite ale trunchiului cerebral. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1848\sb18\sl-410\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 coordonate. precise. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 membrelor \u351?i o parte din regi unea gâtului de la nivelul centrilor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 motori ai cortexu lui cerebral. \par\pard\qj \li127 8\ri1919\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al doilea neuron(deut oneuronul)-în cornul anterior al m\u259?duvei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 spin\u25 9?rii. \par\pard\qj \li1278\r i1919\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al doilea neuron(deutone uronul)-în cornul anterior al m\u259?duvei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 spin\u259?r ii. \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 al doilea neuron(deutoneuronul). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt for mate din 2 neuroni: \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1158\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 -primul neuron(protoneuronul)-în ariile neocortexului motor.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u259?ile motilit\u259?\u355?ii involuntare-e xtrapiramidale \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 au origine cortical\u259? \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 \u351?i subcortical\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf9\f10\fs22 a)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u259?ile cort icobulbare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se opresc în bulbul rahidian. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -su nt reprezentate de fasciculele: \par\pard\li2508\sb252\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx2867 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Tectospinale\par\pard\ql \li2508\r i1663\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\fi359\tx2867 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cu origine în c oliculii cvadrigemeni din mezencefal.în nucleii motori de origin e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 a fibrelor motorii ale nervilor cranieni.-al doilea neuron(deutoneuronul)-în cornul anterior al \lin e\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii. formând fasciculul piramid al direct.sunt formate din 2 neuroni: \par \pard\qj \li2508\ri1735\sb9\sl-400\slmult0\tx2867 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -primul neuron(protoneuronul)-în ariile neocortexului \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 motor. \line \up0 \expndtw0\ .va \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 spin\u259?rii. precise. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3164\sb55\sl600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a) \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 C\u259?il e extrapiramidale care au origine cortical\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -fac sinaps\u259? în ganglionii bazali(corpii stria\u35 5?i). \par\pard\ql \li12 78\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Rol-conduc comenzi pentru mi \u351?c\u259?rile voluntare.

furie. \par\pard\ql \li2867\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2867 \sb84\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Rol-conduc comenzi c\u259?tre m u\u351?chii scheletici \u351?i \par\pard\qj \li2867\ri1806\sb21\sl-406\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 determin\u259? contrac\u355?ii musculare automate-int ervin în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 realizarea unor activit\u259?\u355?i umane co mplexe cum ar fi: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mersul. condusul ma\u351? inii. \par\pard\ql \li28 67\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2867\sb78\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SISTEMUL NERVOS VEGETATIV(SNV) \par\pard\q l \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb304\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 CLASIFICARE \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1796\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sistemul nervos vegetativ\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este partea sistemului nervos care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 coordoneaz\u259? activitatea visceral\u259?(incon\u351?tient\u259?). \par\pard \ql \li2508\ri1087\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx2867\tx2867 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 sistemul nerv os parasimpatic\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 (\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 cranian \u351?i sacral\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 ).SNV este format \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 din: \par\pard\qj \li2508\r i1496\sb180\sl-420\slmult0\tx2867 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf 4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 sistemul nervos simpatic\ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1496 \sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 I.charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Rubrospinale \par\pard\qj \li2867\ri1718\sb17\sl-400\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cu origine în nucleii ro\u351?ii din pedunculi i cerebrali din \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mezencefal.\par\pard\li2508\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi359 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -ajung în cordoanele anterioare ale m\u259?duvei spin\u259?ri i. cântatul la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 instrumente.înotul. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1335\sb160\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 II Din punct de vedere structural \u351?i topografic\ul0\nosupersub\ . \par\pard\qj \li2508\ri1663\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\fi 359 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ajung în cordoanele anterioare ale m\u259?duvei s pin\u259?rii. care \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 ac\u355?ioneaz\u259? în situa\u355?ii obi\u351?nuite de lini\u351?te \u351 ?i relaxare a \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 organismului. Din punct de vedere structural \u351?i func\u355?ional\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 . care ac\u355?ioneaz\u259? în situa\u355?ii \line\tab \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 neobi\u351?nuite:fric\u259?. \par\pard\li2508\sb46\sl-368\slmu lt0\fi0\tx2867 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Olivospinale\par\par d\ql \li2867\sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cu origine în olivel e bulbare din bulbul rahidian. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw 12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg14}{\bkmkend Pg14}\par\pard\ql \l i2867\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2867\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2 867\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2867\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -ajung în cordoanele anterioare ale m\u259? duvei spin\u259?rii. spaim\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Reticulospinale \par\pard \ql \li2867\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cu origine în substan \u355?a reticulat\u259? a trunchiului cerebral.\par\pard\li2508\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx2867 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf2\f3\fs32 Vestibulospinale\par\pard\ql \li2867\sb31\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 -cu origine în nucleii vestibulari din bulbul rahidian. \par\p ard\ql \li2867\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 -ajung în cordoanel e anterioare ale m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii. scrisul. \par\pard\ql \li2867\sb4 7\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ajung în cordoanele laterale ale m\u 259?duvei spin\u259?rii \par\pard\li2508\sb50\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx2867 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Nigrospinale\par\pard\li2508\sb42\sl-368\sl mult0\fi359 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cu origine în substan\u355?a neagr\u259? din pedunculii cerebrali\par\pard\li2508\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi359 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 din mezencefal.

\par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1725\sb20\sl-400\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\ fs32 sistem nervos periferic\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 alc\u259?tuit din ga nglioni vegetativi \u351?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nervi. \par\pard\ql \l i1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb79\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sistemul nervos parasimpatic \par\pard\ qj \li1998\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri2214\sb28\sl-410\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs3 2 Centrii nervo\u351?i parasimpatici\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt situa\u355 ?i în trunchiul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cerebral \u351?i în coarnele laterale al e m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii din \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 regiunea sacrat\u25 9?. în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 coarnel e laterale din regiunea \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 toracic\u259?(T1-T12) \u35 1?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 lombar\u259?(L1-L2)\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 . scoar\u355? a cerebral\u259?.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Globul ocular\par\pard\ql \li3023\sb45\sl-3 68\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -mu\u3 51?chii radiari ai\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pupilodilata\u355?ie\par\par d\ql \li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 irisului(mu\ u351?chi\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 (midriaz\u259?)\par\pard\ql \li3023\sb4 3\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dilatator)\par\pard\ql \li3023\sb0\ sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3023\sb87\sl-368\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 -mu\u351?chii circulari\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -nu are efect \par\pard\ql \li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 ai\par\pard \ql \li3023\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 irisului(constrictor . \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1229\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Partea periferic\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 e ste reprezentat\u259? de fibre nervoase de la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 nivelu l trunchiului cerebral \u351?i al m\u259?duvei spin\u259?rii din regiunea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sacral\u259? \u351?i plexuri vegetative. \par\pard\qj \l i1998\ri2607\sb392\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf 1\f2\fs32 EFECTE ALE STIMUL\u258?RII SISTEMULUI NERVOS \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 SIMPATIC \u350?I PARASIMPATIC \par\pard\li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li 1953\sb87\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Nr . \par\par d\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg15}{\bkmk end Pg15}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb92\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sistemul nervos s impatic \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\ri1355\sb8\s l-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\ul0\nosu persub\cf1\f2\fs32 Centrii nervo\u351?i simpatici\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 su nt situa\u355?i în m\u259?duva spin\u259?rii. fiind alc\u259?tuit din: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersu b\cf1\f2\fs32 sistem nervos central\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 ce cuprinde: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1947\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cen trii de comand\u259? situa\u355?i în m\u259?duva spin\u259?rii \u351?i trunchiul \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cerebral. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1893\sb20\sl-400\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -centrii de control \u351?i integrare vegetativ \u259? din hipotalamus. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1358\sb19\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Partea periferic\u259? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 este reprezentat\u259? prin ganglioni vegetativi \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i fibre vegetative preganglionare \u351?i postganglionare.crt\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Organul\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Efe ctele\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Efectele stimul\u259?rii\par\pard\sect\sec td\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw8506\colsr160\colno2\colw3434\colsr160\ql \li3023\sb 41\sl-368\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 inervat\tab \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 stimul\u259?rii\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 simpaticului\par\pard\ql \li1953\sb189\sl-368\slmult0\tx3018 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 1.cf2\f3\fs32 este asem\u259?n\u259?tor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cu sistemul n ervos somatic. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sistemul limbic.

)\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -aplatizar ea\par\pard\column \ql \li20\sb41\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 parasimpaticului\par\pard\ql \li8666\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8666\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb279\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -nu are efect\par\pard\ qj \li8666\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li8666\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ qj \li8666\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li20\ri855\sb12\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pupiloconstric\u355?ie \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 (mioz \u259?)\par\pard\ql \li8666\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb79\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -nu are efect {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop1757\shpright5857\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz20\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop5045\shpright6534\shpbottom5045\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz148\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop9660\shpright2913\shpbottom9660\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz295\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop9660\shpright5850\shpbottom9660\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz298\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop9660\shpright8555\shpbottom9660\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz301\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop9660\shpright11765\shpbottom9660\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz304\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop11041\shpright2913\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz307\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop11041\shpright5850\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz310\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop11041\shpright8555\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz313\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop11041\shpright11765\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz316\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop14688\shpright2913\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz319\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop14688\shpright5850\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz322\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop14688\shpright8555\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz325\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop14688\shpright11765\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz328\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop9660\shpright1843\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz331\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop11041\shpright1843\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz334\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop9662\shpright2913\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz337\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop11041\shpright2913\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz340\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop9662\shpright5850\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz343\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop11041\shpright5850\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz346\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop9662\shpright8555\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz349\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop11041\shpright8555\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz352\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

\par\pard\q l \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vederea de aproape \par\ pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \li1953\sb191\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Glandele gas trice\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -scade secre\u 355?ia\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? secre\u355?ia\par\pard\l .\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1 \f2\fs32 Glanda\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 lacrimal \u259?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -vasoconstric \u355?ie\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vasodilata\u355?ie\par\pard\li1953\sb4 3\sl-368\slmult0\fi4006\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -diminuarea\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259?\par\pard\li1953\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi40 06\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 secre\u355?iei\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 secrea\u355?ia\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw8506\colsr160\c olno2\colw3434\colsr160\ql \li1953\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\tx3018 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 3.{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop9660\shpright11765\shpbottom11041\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz355\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop11041\shpright11765\shpbottom14688\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz358\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g16}{\bkmkend Pg16}\par\pard\li3023\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li3023\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0\par\pard\li3023\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li3023\sb103\sl-368\slmult 0\fi0\tx5960 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -mu\u351?ch ii radiari ai\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cristalinului pt.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 Glandele\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -stimuleaz\u259?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? secre\u355?ia \par\pard\li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 sudoripare\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 secre\u355?ia\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 la nivel\par \pard\li1953\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi6712 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 palmar\par\p ard\li1953\sb190\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 5.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Glande le salivare \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -vasoconstri c\u355?ie\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -s cade secre\u355?ia\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -secre\u355?ie salivar\u259?\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vâscoas\u259? cu\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 con\u355?inut\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex93 enzimatic bogat\par\pard\column \ql \li20\sb192\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vasodilata\u355?ie\par\pard\ql \li20\ ri569\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\u351?te secre\u355?ia \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -secre\u355?ie salivar\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 apoas\u259? cu con\u355?inut \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 enzimatic redus \p ar\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \li1953\sb185\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 4.\par\pard\sect\se ctd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw8506\colsr160\colno2\colw3434\colsr160\ql \li3023\s b42\sl-368\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 corpului ciliar\tab \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 vederea la\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 distan\u355?\u259?\par\pard\ql \li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li5960\sb86\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -nu are efec t\par\pard\ql \li3023\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?c hii circulari\par\pard\ql \li3023\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 ai corpului ciliar\par\pard\column \ql \li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb172\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -bombarea\par\pard\ql \l i20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cristalinului pt.

\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Stomac\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -scade secre\u355?ia\par\par d\ql \li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -glande gast rice\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -scad tonusul \u351?i\par\pard\column \ql \ li8666\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8666\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li20\sb276\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -bronhoconstrictor\par\par d\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? secr e\u355?ia\par\pard\qj \li8666\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li20\ri944\sb158\ sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\u351?te secre\u355?ia \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cresc tonusul \u351?i {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop4465\shpright2913\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop4465\shpright5850\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop4465\shpright8555\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop4465\shpright11765\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop5845\shpright2913\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop5845\shpright5850\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop5845\shpright8555\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s .i1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1953\sb233\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\ tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 6.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Pl\u259?mâni\ul 0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 :\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -bronhodilatator\par\ pard\ql \li3023\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -arborele bron\u351?ic\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -inhib\u259? secre\u355?ia\par\par d\ql \li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -glandele mucoase\p ar\pard\ql \li1953\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\tx3018\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 8.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Inima\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f s32 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cardiomoderator\par\pard\li3023\sb45\sl-3 68\slmult0\fi0\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\ fs32 Vasele\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 cardioac celerator\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -coronaroconstrictor\par\pard\sect\sec td\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw8506\colsr160\colno2\colw3434\colsr160\ql \li3023\sb 42\sl-368\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 coronariene\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\par\p ard\ql \li5960\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 coronarodilatator \par\pard\ql \li1953\sb191\sl-368\slmult0\tx3018\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 7.

v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop5845\shpright11765\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop8460\shpright2913\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop8460\shpright5850\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop8460\shpright8555\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop8460\shpright11765\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop9842\shpright2913\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop9842\shpright5850\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop9842\shpright8555\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop9842\shpright11765\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop10811\shpright2913\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop10811\shpright5850\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop10811\shpright8555\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz81\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType} .

{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop10811\shpright11765\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop12604\shpright2913\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz87\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop12604\shpright5850\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz90\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop12604\shpright8555\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz93\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop12604\shpright11765\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz96\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop13984\shpright2913\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz99\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop13984\shpright5850\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz102\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop13984\shpright8555\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz105\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop13984\shpright11765\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz108\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop14754\shpright2913\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz111\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop14754\shpright5850\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz114\shplid29{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop14754\shpright8555\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz117\shplid30{\sp{\sn shapeType .

}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop14754\shpright11765\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz120\shplid31{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop1441\shpright1843\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz123\shplid32{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop4465\shpright1843\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz126\shplid33{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop5845\shpright1843\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz129\shplid34{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop8460\shpright1843\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz132\shplid35{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop9842\shpright1843\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz135\shplid36{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop10811\shpright1843\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz138\shplid37{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop12604\shpright1843\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz141\shplid38{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop13984\shpright1843\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz144\shplid39{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop1441\shpright2913\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz147\shplid40{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop4465\shpright2913\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz150\shplid41{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop5845\shpright2913\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz153\shplid42{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ .

\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop8460\shpright2913\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz156\shplid43{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop9842\shpright2913\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz159\shplid44{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop10811\shpright2913\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz162\shplid45{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop12604\shpright2913\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz165\shplid46{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop13984\shpright2913\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz168\shplid47{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop1441\shpright5850\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz171\shplid48{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop4465\shpright5850\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz174\shplid49{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop5845\shpright5850\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz177\shplid50{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop8460\shpright5850\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz180\shplid51{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop9842\shpright5850\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz183\shplid52{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop10811\shpright5850\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz186\shplid53{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop12604\shpright5850\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz189\shplid54{\sp{\sn shapeType .

}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop13984\shpright5850\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz192\shplid55{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop1441\shpright8555\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz195\shplid56{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop4465\shpright8555\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz198\shplid57{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop5845\shpright8555\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz201\shplid58{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop8460\shpright8555\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz204\shplid59{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop9842\shpright8555\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz207\shplid60{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop10811\shpright8555\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz210\shplid61{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop12604\shpright8555\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz213\shplid62{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop13984\shpright8555\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz216\shplid63{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop1441\shpright11765\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz219\shplid64{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop4465\shpright11765\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz222\shplid65{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop5845\shpright11765\shpbottom8460\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz225\shplid66{\sp{\sn shapeType .

\tab \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Intestin\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -nu are efect\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? secre\u355?ia\par\pard\li3023\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx5960\tx 8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -glande intestinale\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -scad tonusul \u351?i\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cresc tonusul \u351? i\par\pard\li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 -tonus \u351?i motilitate\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 motilitatea\tab \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 motilitatea\par\pard\li3023\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx 5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sfinctere\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 -constric\u355?ie\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -relaxare\par\pard\li1953\s b0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1953\sb233\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 10.}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop8460\shpright11765\shpbottom9842\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz228\shplid67{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop9842\shpright11765\shpbottom10811\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz231\shplid68{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop10811\shpright11765\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz234\shplid69{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop12604\shpright11765\shpbottom13984\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz237\shplid70{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop13984\shpright11765\shpbottom14754\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz240\shplid71{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g17}{\bkmkend Pg17}\par\pard\li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1953\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0\par\pard\li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1953\sb103\sl-368\slmult 0\fi1070\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 tonus \u351?i\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Motilitatea\tab \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 Motilitatea\par\pard\li1953\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi1070\tx5960\tx8666 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 motilitate\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -constric\ u355?ie\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -relaxare\par\pard\li1953\sb44\sl-368\sl mult0\fi1070 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sfinctere\par\pard\li1953\sb190\sl-368 \slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 9.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 Pancreas\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -inhib\u259? secre\u355?ia\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259?\par \pard\li5960\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 exocrin\ u259?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 secrea\u355?ia exocrin\u259? \u351?i\par\p ard\li1953\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi6712 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 endocrin\u259? \par\pard\li1953\sb190\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 11.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Ficat ul\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -inhib\u259? secr e\u355?ia\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? secre\u355?ia\par\par d\li3023\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\ nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Vezicula\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ .

\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 Glanda\par\pard\ql \li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 suprarenal\u259?\par\pard\ql \li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1 953\sb234\sl-368\slmult0\tx3018 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\ f3\fs32 13.cf2\f3\fs32 -stimuleaz\u259?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -nu are efect\par\p ard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw8506\colsr160\colno2\colw3434\colsr160\q l \li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx5955 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf1\f2\fs32 biliar\u259?(colecist)\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 glicogenoliza\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 -relaxeaz\u259?\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 musculatura\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -contrac\u355?ia\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sfincterului Oddi\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb44\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -depozitarea bilei\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb42\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 în perioadele\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb43\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 interdigestive\par\pard\column \ql \li20 \sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contract\u259?\par\pard\ql \li 20\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 musculatura\par\pard\ql \li20 \sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -relaxarea\par\pard\qj \li20\ri 819\sb9\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sfincterului Oddi \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 -evacurea bilei în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 duoden în\par\pard\q l \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 perioadele digestive\par \pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw5800\colsr160\colno2\colw6140\colsr160 \ql \li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1953\sb234\sl-368\slmult0\tx3018 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 12.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Splina\p ar\pard\ql \li1953\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1953\sb234\sl-368\slmult0\ tx3018 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 14.\tab \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Rinichi\par\pard\column \ql \li59 60\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb234\sl-368\slmult0\tx2731 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -stimuleaz\u259? \tab \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 -nu are efect\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 secre\u355?ia\par\pard\ql \li20\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 hormonal\u259?\par\pard\ql \li20\sb189\sl-368\slmult0\tx2731 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -nu ar e efect\par\pard\ql \li20\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 contra c\u355?ia\par\pard\ql \li20\sb189\sl-368\slmult0\tx2731 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 -vasoconstric\u355?ia\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vasodilata\u355?ia\pa r\pard\ql \li20\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 capilarelor rena le \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 capilarelor\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \tx2731 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 (glomerulare)\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 glomerulare {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop2821\shpright2913\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop2821\shpright5850\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop2821\shpright8555\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop2821\shpright11765\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} .

}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop5023\shpright2913\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop5023\shpright5850\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop5023\shpright8555\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop5023\shpright11765\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop6405\shpright2913\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop6405\shpright5850\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop6405\shpright8555\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop6405\shpright11765\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop11074\shpright2913\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop11074\shpright5850\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop11074\shpright8555\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop11074\shpright11765\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} .

}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop12455\shpright2913\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop12455\shpright5850\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop12455\shpright8555\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz81\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop12455\shpright11765\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop13425\shpright2913\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz87\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop13425\shpright5850\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz90\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop13425\shpright8555\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz93\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop13425\shpright11765\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz96\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop14605\shpright2913\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz99\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop14605\shpright5850\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz102\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop14605\shpright8555\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz105\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop14605\shpright11765\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz108\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} .

}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop1441\shpright1843\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz111\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop2821\shpright1843\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz114\shplid29{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop5023\shpright1843\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz117\shplid30{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop6405\shpright1843\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz120\shplid31{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop11074\shpright1843\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz123\shplid32{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop12455\shpright1843\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz126\shplid33{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop13425\shpright1843\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz129\shplid34{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop1441\shpright2913\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz132\shplid35{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop2821\shpright2913\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz135\shplid36{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop5023\shpright2913\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz138\shplid37{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop6405\shpright2913\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz141\shplid38{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop11074\shpright2913\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz144\shplid39{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} .

}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop12455\shpright2913\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz147\shplid40{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop13425\shpright2913\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz150\shplid41{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop1441\shpright5850\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz153\shplid42{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop2821\shpright5850\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz156\shplid43{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop5023\shpright5850\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz159\shplid44{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop6405\shpright5850\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz162\shplid45{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop11074\shpright5850\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz165\shplid46{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop12455\shpright5850\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz168\shplid47{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop13425\shpright5850\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz171\shplid48{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop1441\shpright8555\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz174\shplid49{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop2821\shpright8555\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz177\shplid50{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop5023\shpright8555\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz180\shplid51{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} .

}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop6405\shpright8555\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz183\shplid52{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop11074\shpright8555\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz186\shplid53{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop12455\shpright8555\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz189\shplid54{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop13425\shpright8555\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz192\shplid55{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop1441\shpright11765\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz195\shplid56{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop2821\shpright11765\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz198\shplid57{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop5023\shpright11765\shpbottom6405\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz201\shplid58{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop6405\shpright11765\shpbottom11074\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz204\shplid59{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop11074\shpright11765\shpbottom12455\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz207\shplid60{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop12455\shpright11765\shpbottom13425\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz210\shplid61{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop13425\shpright11765\shpbottom14605\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz213\shplid62{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g18}{\bkmkend Pg18}\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5960\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5960\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5960\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -diminu area \par\pard\li1953\sb53\sl-368\slmult0\fi4006\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale .

\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 V ase sangvine\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -nu are efect\par\pard\li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 -tegument\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vasoconstric\u355?ie\tab \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vasodilata\u355?ie\par\pard\li3023\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \fi0\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chi\tab \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -vasodilata\u355?ie\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -nu are efect\pa r\pard\li3023\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx5960 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -creier \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vasoconstric\u355?ie\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb42\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 u\u351?oar\u259? \par\pard\li1953\sb1 92\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 17.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cap.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Vezica urinar\u2 59?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -relaxarea\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contrac\u355?ia mu\u351?chilor\par\pard\li5960\sb42\ sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mu\u351?chilor\tab \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 vezicali\par\pard\li5960\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx8666 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vezicali\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -relaxarea\par \pard\li5960\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contrac \u355?ia\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sfincterului intern\par\pard\qj \li5960 \ri3606\sb13\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sfincterului intern \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -acumularea \par\pard\qj \li5960\ri4513\sb20\sl-400\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urinei între \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mic \u355?iuni \par\pard\li1953\sb204\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 16.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 \u354?esutul erectil\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -vasoconstric\u355?ie\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -erec\u355?ie\par\pard\li1953\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi6712 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -vasodilata\u355?ie\par\pard\li1953\sb190\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\ tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 19.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb45\sl-36 8\slmult0\tx1863 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 alergice.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -v\u259?rs\u259?turi.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf1\f2\fs32 Termoreglare\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf2\f3\fs32 -termogenez\u259?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -termoliz\u259?\pa r\pard\li1670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1 670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1670\sb319\sl-368\slmult0\fi1197 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTARE DE IGIEN\u258 ? \u350?I PATOLOGIE\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols3\colno1\colw4492\colsr160\c olno2\colw3814\colsr160\colno3\colw3484\colsr160\ql \li1670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li1670\sb88\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 BOLI\par\par d\ql \li1670\sb191\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 MENINGITA\par\pard \ql \li1670\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\ f3\fs32 -inflamarea\par\pard\ql \li1670\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 meningelor\par\pard\ql \li1670\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 cerebrospinale(cel\par\pard\column \ql \li4652\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pa rd\ql \li20\sb88\sl-368\slmult0\tx1863 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf1\f2\fs32 CAUZE\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 SIMPTOME\par\pard\ql \li20\ sb191\sl-368\slmult0\tx1863 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f s32 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -febr\u259?.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 infec\u355?ioase.x97 diurezei\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\u351?terea diurezei\par\pard\l i1953\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\tx5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 15. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 -dureri de\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx1863 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 toxice.\par\pard\column \ql \li8616\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par \pard\ql \li406\sb88\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 PREVENIRE\par\pard\ql \li20\ri1028\sb157\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -evitarea frigului \up0 \expndtw0\ch .\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Uterul\tab \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -contrac\u355?ie \u351?i\tab \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 -nu are efect\par\pard\ql \li5960\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 relaxare \par\pard\li1953\sb202\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3023\t x5960\tx8666 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 18.

\par\par d\ql \li20\sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -adoptarea unui {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop2409\shpright2913\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop2409\shpright5850\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop2409\shpright8555\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop2409\shpright11765\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop5845\shpright2913\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop5845\shpright5850\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop5845\shpright8555\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop5845\shpright11765\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop8050\shpright2913\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop8050\shpright5850\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop8050\shpright8555\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop8050\shpright11765\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin .arscalex97 sau c\u259?ldurii \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 excesive.

eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop9020\shpright2913\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop9020\shpright5850\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop9020\shpright8555\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop9020\shpright11765\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1846\shptop9990\shpright2913\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop9990\shpright5850\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop9990\shpright8555\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz81\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop9990\shpright11765\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop10547\shpright2913\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz87\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop10547\shpright5850\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz90\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop10547\shpright8555\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz93\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop10547\shpright11765\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz96\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l .

ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop1441\shpright1843\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz99\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop2409\shpright1843\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz102\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop5845\shpright1843\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz105\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop8050\shpright1843\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz108\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop9020\shpright1843\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz111\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1843\shptop9990\shpright1843\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz114\shplid29{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop1441\shpright2913\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz117\shplid30{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop2409\shpright2913\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz120\shplid31{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop5845\shpright2913\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz123\shplid32{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop8050\shpright2913\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz126\shplid33{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop9020\shpright2913\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz129\shplid34{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2913\shptop9990\shpright2913\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz132\shplid35{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li .

neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop1441\shpright5850\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz135\shplid36{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop2409\shpright5850\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz138\shplid37{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop5845\shpright5850\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz141\shplid38{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop8050\shpright5850\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz144\shplid39{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop9020\shpright5850\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz147\shplid40{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5850\shptop9990\shpright5850\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz150\shplid41{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop1441\shpright8555\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz153\shplid42{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop2409\shpright8555\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz156\shplid43{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop5845\shpright8555\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz159\shplid44{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop8050\shpright8555\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz162\shplid45{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop9020\shpright8555\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz165\shplid46{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8555\shptop9990\shpright8555\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz168\shplid47{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li .

neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop1441\shpright11765\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz171\shplid48{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop2409\shpright11765\shpbottom5845\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz174\shplid49{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop5845\shpright11765\shpbottom8050\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz177\shplid50{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop8050\shpright11765\shpbottom9020\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz180\shplid51{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop9020\shpright11765\shpbottom9990\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz183\shplid52{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11765\shptop9990\shpright11765\shpbottom10547\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz186\shplid53{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop12604\shpright4542\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz633\shplid54{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop12604\shpright6380\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz636\shplid55{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop12604\shpright8505\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz639\shplid56{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop12604\shpright11341\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz642\shplid57{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1561\shptop13164\shpright4542\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz645\shplid58{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop13164\shpright6380\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz648\shplid59{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l .

ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop13164\shpright8505\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz651\shplid60{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop13164\shpright11341\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz654\shplid61{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop14955\shpright4542\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz657\shplid62{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop14955\shpright6380\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz660\shplid63{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop14955\shpright8505\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz663\shplid64{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop14955\shpright11341\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz666\shplid65{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop12604\shpright1560\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz669\shplid66{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop13164\shpright1560\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz672\shplid67{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop12605\shpright4542\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz675\shplid68{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop13164\shpright4542\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz678\shplid69{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop12605\shpright6380\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz681\shplid70{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop13164\shpright6380\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz684\shplid71{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l .

ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop12605\shpright8505\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz687\shplid72{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop13164\shpright8505\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz690\shplid73{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11341\shptop12604\shpright11341\shpbottom13164\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz693\shplid74{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11341\shptop13164\shpright11341\shpbottom14955\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz696\shplid75{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g19}{\bkmkend Pg19}\par\pard\li1670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1670\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0\par\pard\li1670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1670\sb103\sl-368\slmult 0\fi0\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 e 3 foi\u355?e care\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 stil de via\u355?\u259?\par\pard\li1670\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 protejeaz\u259? axul\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fotofobie(fric\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 s\u259?n\u259?tos.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 \u351?i motricit\u259?\u355?ii\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 excesive .\par\pard\li1670\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 nervoase\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 encefalita.a\par\pard\li1670\sb44\sl-3 68\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de inhibi\u355?i e\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 unei boli\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pie rderea\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 activit\u259?\u355?ii\par\pard\li1670\sb4 2\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 profund\u2 59?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 grave:\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sensi bilit\u259?\u355?ii\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nervoase\par\pard\li1670\sb4 3\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a activit\ u259?\u355?ii\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 meningita.\tab \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 voluntare.\par\pard\li16 70\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cerebrospinal)\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a de lumin\u259?)\par\pard\qj \li6490\ri4001\sb5\sl -410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contrac\u355?ia \line \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 mu\u351?chilor \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cefei \par\pard\qj \li6490\ri3663\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -modific\u259?ri în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 lichidul \par\pard\qj \li6490\ri3680\sb0\sl-400\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cefalorahidia \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 n \par\pard\li1670\sb196\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Coma\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -apare ca\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pierderea\t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\li1670\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0 \tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stare patologic\u259?\tab \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urmare a\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cuno\u351?tin\ u355?ei\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 surmenajului. cu\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -adoptarea unui\pa r\pard\li1670\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 superioare\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hemoragii\tab \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 p\u259?strarea\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 stil de via\u355?\u25 9?\par\pard\li4652\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 cerebrale.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 func\u355?iilor\tab \up0 \expndt .

\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -paloare.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 circulatorii.w0\charscalex97 s\u259?n\u259?tos.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tutun.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cafea.\par\ pard\li1670\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 sângelui din vasele\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 arterial\u259?.\par\pard\li4652\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx649 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 accidente\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 respirat orii \u351?i\par\pard\li4652\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 traumatice.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 consumului de\par\par d\li1670\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -rev\u259?rsarea\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nea\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -v\u259?rs\u259?turi.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -adoptarea unui\par\ pard\li1670\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 \u355?esuturi \u351?i\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cardiace \u351?i\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 stil de via\u355?\ u259?\par\pard\li1670\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 cavit\u259?\u355?i(accident\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vasculare.\t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hipotensiune. alcool.\par\pard\ql \l i4652\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tumori.\par\pard \li1670\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cerebrale în\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -afec\u355?iuni\tab \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -agita\u355?ie. \par\pard\qj \li46 52\ri5856\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 intoxica\u355?ii \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 medicame \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 n \par\pa rd\ql \li4652\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -toase \par\pard\l i1670\sb193\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 HEMORAGII\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cefalee\tab \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\li1670\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8 616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CEREBRALE\tab \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 hipertensiu\tab \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 sever\u259?. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1561\shptop5697\shpright4542\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop5697\shpright6380\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop5697\shpright8505\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop5697\shpright11341\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1561\shptop12011\shpright4542\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop12011\shpright6380\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop12011\shpright8505\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop12011\shpright11341\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop14835\shpright4542\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop14835\shpright6380\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop14835\shpright8505\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop14835\shpright11341\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop1441\shpright1560\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop5697\shpright1560\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop12011\shpright1560\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop1441\shpright4542\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop5697\shpright4542\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop12011\shpright4542\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

\par\pard\li46 52\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -obezitate.\par\pard \li4652\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 traumatism\ta b \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -modific\u259?ri\par\pard\li4652\sb42\sl-368\slmul .{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop1441\shpright6380\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz81\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop5697\shpright6380\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop12011\shpright6380\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz87\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop1441\shpright8505\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz90\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop5697\shpright8505\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz93\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop12011\shpright8505\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz96\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11341\shptop1441\shpright11341\shpbottom5697\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz99\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11341\shptop5697\shpright11341\shpbottom12011\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz102\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11341\shptop12011\shpright11341\shpbottom14835\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz105\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g20}{\bkmkend Pg20}\par\pard\li1670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1670\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0\par\pard\li1670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1670\sb103\sl-368\slmult 0\fi0\tx4652\tx6490\tx8616 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 vascular cerebral)\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -fumatul \u351?i\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -puls \u351?i un\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 s\u259?n \u259?tos.\par\pard\li4652\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 consumul\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ritm\par\pard\li4652\sb44\sl-368\ slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 excesiv de\tab \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 respirator\par\pard\li4652\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 alcool.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 accelerat.\tab \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pupile\par\pard\li4652\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 inegale.

t0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 e arteriale. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop6520\shpright4542\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop6520\shpright6380\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop6520\shpright8505\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop6520\shpright11341\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1560\shptop1441\shpright1560\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4542\shptop1441\shpright4542\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW .\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 de\par\pard\li4652\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -tumorile\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 personalitate\par\pard\li4652\sb4 2\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cerebrale.\tab \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2203\sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 Analizatorii sunt alc\u259?tui\u355?i din punct de vedere anatomic din 3 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 segmente: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 1. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -propr ioceptori-r\u259?spândi\u355?i în sistemul locomotor. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1987\sb16\sl-620\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Clasificarea receptorilor în func\u355?ie de topogra fie(localizare): \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -exteroceptori-localiza\u355?i în pie le.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -le\u351?inuri. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs 32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este stimulat de varia\u355?ia unei anu mite forme de energie.\par\ pard\ql \li6490\sb30\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -com\u259?.\par\pard\li4652\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6490 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -sifilisul.Segmentul perif eric(receptorul)\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1077\sb195\ sl-413\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u -3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este reprezentat de structuri specializate a le organelor de sim\u355?. \par \pard\ql \li4970\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4970\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql\li4970\sb76\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f1\f2\fs32 ANALIZATORII \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 SEGMENTELE UNUI ANALIZATOR \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1083\sb218\sl-41 0\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Analizatorii\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 s unt sisteme morfofunc\u355?ionale complexe \u351?i unitare care \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 au rolul de a recep\u355?iona.conduce \u351?i transforma în senza\u355 ?ii specifice \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 excita\u355?iile primite din mediul ex tern sau intern. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\ fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 determin\u259? formarea poten\u355?ia lului de receptor care se poate \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 transforma în poten\u355?ial de ac\u355?iune.

\par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2215\sb4\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 conduce de la receptori mesaje sub form\u259? de impulsuri \line\tab \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 nervoase. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -chemoreceptori-stimu la\u355?i de modificarea concentra\u355?iilor unor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 s ubstan\u355?e.Segmentul central: \par\pard\ qj \li1638\ri1433\sb226\sl-400\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este reprezentat de aria din scoar\u355?a cerebral\u259? la care ajunge \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 calea de conducere. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 distensie. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2289\sb 217\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Clasificarea receptorilor dup\u25 9? distan\u355?a la care ac\u355?ioneaz\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 stimul ul: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri5651\sb55\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 -de contact -ex.receptorii auditivi. \par\pard\ql \li1 638\sb202\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -termoreceptori-stimula\u35 5?i de diferen\u355?ele de temperatur\u259?. formei \u351?i culo . \par\pa rd\ql \li4222\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f1\f2\fs32 ANALIZATORUL VIZUAL \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840 \pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg22}{\bkmkend Pg22}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-410\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-410\sl mult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1156\sb142\sl -410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Rolul anali zatorului vizual:diferen\u355?ierea lunimozit\u259?\u355?ii. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 transform\u259? în senza\u355?ii specifice informa\u355?iile primite. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -de distan \u355?\u259?-ex. lovire. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Clasificarea receptorilor dup\u259? natura excitantului: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mecanoreceptori-stimula\u355?i de atingere.idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6380\shptop1441\shpright6380\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8505\shptop1441\shpright8505\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11341\shptop1441\shpright11341\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g21}{\bkmkend Pg21}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-546\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\r i1151\sb503\sl-546\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 -interoceptori(visceroceptori)-situa\u355?i în peretele organelor interne.receptorii tactili. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 3. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2.Segmentul intermediar(d e conducere): \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este alc\u 259?tuit din c\u259?ile nervoase prin care poten\u355?ialele de \par\pard\qj \ li2358\ri1124\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ac\u355?iune forma te la nivelul receptorilor ajung la centrii nervo\u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 superiori. presiune. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri3570\sb165\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -receptori electromagnetici-stimula\u355?i de radia\u355?iile \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 electromagnetice luminoase. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1738\sb135\s l-510\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -algoreceptori-stimula\u355?i de orice excitant care produce dureri.

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1796\sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sistemul optic\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este format din mediile trasparente ale globului \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ocular.Corneea \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1484\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb23\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corpul ciliar f ormat din: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1697\sb10\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -mu\u351?chiul ciliar-alc\u259?tuit din fibre musculare netede dispuse \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 radiar \u351?i circular. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 -rol în nutri\u355?ia globulu i ocular. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2952\sb188\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 3. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1530\sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Globul ocular\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este alc\u2 59?tuit din 3 tunici. sistemul optic \u351?i sistemul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 fotoreceptor. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 -rol protector. în care se g\u259?sesc \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 numa i conuri \u351?i reprezint\u259? zona cu acuitatea vizual\u259? maxim\u259?. v ascular\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are 2 zone importante: \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1216\sb218\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx19 98\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 pata galben\u259?(macula lutea)-unde predomin\u259? celu le cu conuri. neuroni multipolari). \li ne \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 pata oarb\u259?-nu con\u355?ine celule fotoreceptoare. celule pigmen tare. \line\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -transparent\u259?.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Tunica medie\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -are 3 por\u355?iuni: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri39 77\sb190\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f 4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 coroida-membrana pigmentar\u259?. neuroni \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 bipolari.rii \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 obiectelor. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 99 -opac\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri5770\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corneea-por\u355?iunea anterioar\u259?. \line \tab \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 -cu fibre nervoase amielinice. alb-sidefie. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1644\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -procesele ciliare-ghemuri vascula re care secret\u259? umoarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 apoas\u259? \u351?i umo area sticloas\u259?. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -prezint\u259? un orificiu cent ral-pupila -cu diametrul variabil în \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 func\u 355?ie de intensitatea luminii. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paper h15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg23}{\bkmkend Pg23}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -alc\u259?tuit\u259? din celule nervoase(celule foto receptoare.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Tunica intern\u259?\u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -retina-membran\u259? care con\u355?ine celule \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 fotoreceptoare. orientarea în spa\u355?iu. celule de sus\u355?inere. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. \line \ tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -este locul pe unde iese nervul optic din retin\ u259?. \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Tunica extern\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -prez int\u259?: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri5417\sb190\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sclerotica-por\u355?iunea posterioar\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Tunicile globului ocular: \par\pard\ql \li1278 \sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 1. men\u355?in erea echilibrului \u351?i a \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 tonusului cortical . \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are în centru o depresiune.avascular\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1557\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx199 8 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersu b\cf2\f3\fs32 irisul-alc\u259?tuit din fibre musculare netede circulare \u351? i radiare. f ovea centralis.Umo .

\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SEGMENTELE ANALIZATORULUI VIZUAL \par\pard\qj \li1998 \sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri1607\sb382\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 1.area apoas\u259?-lichid transparent. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1907\sb10\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex96 -la extremit\u259?\u355?i se leag\u259? de mu\u351?chiul ciliar prin lig amentul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 suspensor. de 125-130 milioane. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1235\sb7\sl-400\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al treilea neuron(tritoneuronul)-este în corp ul geniculat lateral \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 din metatalamus.Fie care tract optic \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 conduce informa\u355?ia din j um\u259?tatea temporal\u259? a retinei de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 acee a\u351?i parte \u351?i din jum\u259?tatea nazal\u259? a retinei din partea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 opus\u259?. \par \pard\qj \li1998\ri1325\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se afl\ u259? în camera anterioar\u259?(între cornee \u351?i iris) \u351?i în camera \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 posterioar\u259?(între iris \u351?i cristalin). pe marginile scizu . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4251\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sistemul fotoreceptor\ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 -reprezentat de retin\u259?.Segmentul central\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -este localizat în aria vizual\u259? din lobul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 occipital. \par\pard\qj \ li1278\ri2365\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f1\f2\fs32 3. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt receptori pentru vederea diurn\u259? \u351?i perceperea culorilor. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb23\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -au prag de sensibilitate ridicat. cu consist en\u355?\u259? de gel. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -au prag de sensibilitate sc\u259?zut. secretat de procesele \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 ciliare. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2099\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2.Segmentul intermediar(de conducere)\u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt receptori pentru vederea nocturn\u259? \u351?i cre puscular\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 con\u355?in pigmentul numit iodopsin\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb23\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -focalizeaz\u259? razele luminoase p\u259?tr unse prin pupil\u259?.Din chiasma optic\u259? por nesc \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2 fascicule. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -se afl\u259? într-o capsul\u259? elastic\u259?.Axonii neuronilor multipolari formeaz\ u259? nervul optic. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -are compozi\u355?ie asem\u259?n\u259?toare lichidului cefalorahidian. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 -con\u355?in pigmentul fot osensibil numit rodopsin\u259?(purpurul \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 reti nian). \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1870\sb 0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b) celulele cu bastona\u351?e-sunt în nr. \par\pard\ql \li19 98\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este transparent. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1361\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 d. numit\u259? cristalo id\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1108\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -al doilea neuron(deutoneuronul)-este un neuron multipolar din \lin e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 retin\u259?.La \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nivelul chiasmei optice se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? axonii care provin din \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 jum\u259?t\u259?\u355?ile nazale ale celor 2 retine.Cristalinul-este o lenti l\u259? biconvex\u259?. \par\pard\ql \l i1998\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c. de 5-7 milioane.este format din 3 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 neuron i: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1928\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -primul neuron(protoneuronul)-este un neuron bipolar din \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 retin\u259?.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Segmen tul periferic(receptorul)-\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 reprezentat de celulele \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fotoreceptoare: \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\ paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg24}{\bkmkend Pg24}\par\pard\qj \li1998\ sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri 3245\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 a) celulele cu conuri-sunt în nr.Corpul vitros(umoarea vitroas\u259?)-se g\u259?se\u351?te înt re cristalin \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 retin\u259?. denumite tracturi optice.

transmiterea mesajelor vizuale. \line \ tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pupila se mic\u351?oreaz\u259?=pupiloconstric\u 355?ie=mioz\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2249\sb18 \sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ochiul hipermetrop-este mai turtit d ecât ochiul normal\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hipermetropie axial\u259?-sau crista linul este prea aplatizat\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 hipermetropie de curbur\u25 9?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -imaginea format\u259? este neclar\u2 59?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FIZIOLOGIA ANALIZATORULUI VIZUAL \par\pard\ql \ li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb84\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Procesele prin care se realizeaz\u259? vederea sunt: recep\u355?ia \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1485\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vizual\u259?. mai mici \u351?i r\ u259?sturnate ale obiectelor. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb5\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se corecteaz\u259? cu lentile convergente(bicon vexe) \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1243\sb17\sl-411\slmult0\tx2358\tx2717\tx2717\tx235 8\tx2717\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Reflexul pupilar fotomotor\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -irisul regleaz\u259? reflex(prin varia\u355?ia \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 diametrului pupilar) cantitatea de lum in\u259? proiectat\u259? pe retin\u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ochi emetrop(nor mal)-razele de lumin\u259? paralele emise de un \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 obie ct situat la infinit focalizeaz\u259? pe retin\u259?. \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -pupila se m\u259?re\u351?te =pupilodilata\u355?ie=midriaz\u259?. reale. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb25\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ochiul miop-este mai alungit anteropo sterior decât ochiul \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1111\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 normal-\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 miopie axial\u259?\ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 -sau curbura cristalinului este exagerat\u259?\up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 miopie de curbur\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb23\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se co recteaz\u259? cu lentile divergente(biconcave). \par\pard\qj \li1278\r i1633\sb190\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs 32 Acomodarea\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -este un proces automat de adaptare a o . {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2372\shptop1757\shpright4844\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz28\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2372\shptop3401\shpright5450\shpbottom3401\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g25}{\bkmkend Pg25}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Recep\u 355?ia vizual\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se realizeaz\u259? la nivelul ce lulelor \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1357\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 fotoreceptoare din retin\u259? \u351?i se bazeaz\u259? pe mecanisme optice \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u351?i pe fenomene fotochimice.rii calcarine. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 -imaginea format\u259? este neclar\u259?. \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4 \fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 lumin\u259? slab\u259?-se contract\u 259? fibrele musculare \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 radiare(inervate d e fibre nervoase parasimpatice).Pe retin\u259? se for meaz\u259? imagini \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 clare. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri3192\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fasciculul de raze focalizeaz\u259? în spatele retinei. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2462\sb4\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -fasciculul de raze paralele focalizeaz\u259? în fa\u 355?a retinei. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 lumin\u259? put ernic\u259?-se contract\u259? fibrele musculare circulare \line \tab \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 ale irisului(inervate de fibre nervoase parasimpatice). formarea s enza\u355?iilor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 vizuale.

\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -mic\u351?orarea pupilei. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În p rocesele de acomodare apar mai multe modific\u259?ri: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri204 5\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -rotirea intern\u259? a globi lor oculari datorit\u259? contrac\u355?iei mu\u351?chilor \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 extrinseci. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop3401\shpright5110\shpbottom3401\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz100\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop4223\shpright3688\shpbottom4223\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz140\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop5045\shpright4560\shpbottom5045\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz196\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop6690\shpright4702\shpbottom6690\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz244\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop7102\shpright4880\shpbottom7102\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz268\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop7511\shpright5574\shpbottom7511\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz292\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g26}{\bkmkend Pg26}\par\pard\qj \li2358\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li2358\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li2358\ri1111\sb314\sl-420\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 Punctul remotum=punctul cel mai apropiat de ochi la care \line\tab \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 vederea clar\u259? a obiectului se face f\u259?r\u259? aco modare. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri5296\sb15\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ligamentele cristalinului se relaxeaz\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -curb ura cristalinului cre\u351?te.chiului pt. \par\par d\ql \li2358\ri1413\sb210\sl-410\slmult0\tx2717\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Punctul pro xim=punctul cel mai apropiat de ochi la care \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 vederea clar\u259? a obiectului se face cu efort maxim de \line \tab \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 acomodare. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -depinde de cantitatea de pigment fotosensibil di n celulele \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb209\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Adaptarea celulelor fotorecepto are\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1686\sb190\sl-420\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se realizeaz\u259? prin descompunerea pigmen\u355 ?ilor fotosensibili sub \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ac\u355?iunea luminii \u351? i refacerea pigmen\u355?ilor la întuneric. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vederea clar\u259? a obiectelor situate în tre punctul proxim \u351?i punctul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 remotum. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1583\sb190\sl-420\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contrac\u355?ia fibrelor circulare ale mu\u351?c hiului ciliar(inervate de fibre \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nervoase parasimpati ce).

culorile ro\u351?u. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1226\sb220\sl400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimularea concomitent\u259? \u351?i in egal\u259? a celor 3 categorii de conuri d\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 dif eritele senza\u355?ii cromatice.fotoreceptoare \u351?i durata expunerii lor la lumin\u259? sau la întuneric. radia\u355?ii \line \up0 \expndtw0\char . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2278\sb226 \sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354? IUNI ELEMENTARE DE IGIEN\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE ALE \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ANALIZATORULUI VIZUAL\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw3630\colsr16 0\colno2\colw2715\colsr160\colno3\colw2067\colsr160\colno4\colw3228\colsr160\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb128\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 BOLI\par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cataracta\par\pard\ql \li1278 \sb244\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -o pacifierea\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 t otal\u259? sau\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 par\u355?ial\u259? a\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 cristalinului\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \l i1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \l i1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \l i1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \l i1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \l i1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \l i1278\ri0\sb134\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f 2\fs32 Glaucomul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 (apa \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nea gr\u259?)-\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 p roduce\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 atrof ierea\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri0\sb6\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ner vului optic \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 îngustarea\par\pard\column \ql \li 3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 20\sb128\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CAUZE\par\pard\ql \li20\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -lovituri. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1903\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 Mecanismul vederii cromatice-teoria tricromatic\u259? Young -\line \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 Helmholtz\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -consider\u259?: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1439\sb217\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -r etina alc\u259?tuit\u259? din 3 tipuri de celule cu conuri: ce con\u355?in pigme n\u355?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pt. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în lipsa stimul\u259?ri i luminoase se produce senza\u355?ia de negru. verde \u351?i albas tru.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb202\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -neut ilizarea\par\pard\qj \li20\ri172\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 echipamentului \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 adecvat de c\u259?tre \line \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 muncitorii care\par\pard\ql \li20\sb36\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 lucreaz\u259? la\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 temperaturi\par\pard\ql \li20\ri0\sb0\sl-460\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ridicate.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 -intoxica\u355?ii. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh158 40\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg27}{\bkmkend Pg27}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-42 0\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1475\sb31 4\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -stimul area concomitent\u259? \u351?i egal\u259? a celor 3 categorii de conuri d\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 senza\u355?ia de lumin\u259? alb\u259?.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb244\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 -diabet. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -adaptarea la lumin\u259? dureaz\u259? 5 min. \par\ pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -adaptarea la înt uneric dureaz\u259? 30-40 min. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1795\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -stimularea unei singure categorii de conuri determin\u259? senza\u355?ia \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 culorii absorbite. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -conge nitale.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri155\sb46\sl-610\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vârsta înaintat\u259?.

\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fabrici de sticl\u259?) \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -atrofierea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb 1\sl-364\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nervului optic. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4705\shpright3680\shpbottom4705\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz71\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop4705\shpright6545\shpbottom4705\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz74\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop4705\shpright8762\shpbottom4705\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz77\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop4705\shpright11024\shpbottom4705\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz80\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ .\par\pard\qj \li21\ri0\sb206\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -modificarea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 culorii pupilei.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb235\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 -folosirea\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1129\sb11\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 ochelarilor de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 soare \u351?i a\pa r\pard\qj \li20\ri1129\sb2\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ochelarilo r de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 protec\u355?ie la \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 locul de\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 munc\u259?.\par\pard\column \ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmu lt0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb128\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SIMPTOME\par\pard\ql \li21\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f s32 -pierderea\par\pard\ql \li21\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vederii.\par\pard\qj \li20\r i155\sb42\sl-611\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vârsta înaintat\u259?. \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -ereditate.scalex97 infraro\u351?ii(turn\u259?torii.\par\pard\ql \li 6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb309\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -cre\u351?terea\par\pard\ql \li21\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 tensiunii\par\pard\qj \li21\ri129\sb0\sl-611\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 intraoculare.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 evitarea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 frigu lui. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sc\u259?derea\par\pard \qj \li21\ri144\sb0\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vederii pân\u259? \ line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 la piederea\par\pard\column \ql \li8872\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8872\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb128\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 PREVENIRE\pa r\pard\qj \li8872\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li8872\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \pa r\pard\qj \li8872\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li20\ri1255\sb144\sl-411\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -respectarea \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 regulilor de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 igien\u259? a\par\ pard\ql \li20\sb37\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vederii.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vântului.\par\pard\ ql \li20\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 privitului\par\pard\qj \li 20\ri1217\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 îndelungat la \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 televizor.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb200\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 -boli vasculare.

sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop5265\shpright3680\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz83\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop5265\shpright6545\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz86\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop5265\shpright8762\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz89\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop5265\shpright11024\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz92\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop12167\shpright3680\shpbottom12167\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz95\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop12167\shpright6545\shpbottom12167\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz98\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop12167\shpright8762\shpbottom12167\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz101\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14970\shpright3680\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz104\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop14970\shpright6545\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz107\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop14970\shpright8762\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz110\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop14970\shpright11024\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz113\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4705\shpright1168\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz116\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ .

\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop5265\shpright1168\shpbottom12167\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz119\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop12167\shpright1168\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz122\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop4708\shpright3680\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz125\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop5265\shpright3680\shpbottom12167\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz128\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop12167\shpright3680\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz131\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop4708\shpright6545\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz134\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop5265\shpright6545\shpbottom12167\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz137\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop12167\shpright6545\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz140\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop4708\shpright8762\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz143\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop5265\shpright8762\shpbottom12167\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz146\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop12167\shpright8762\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz149\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop4705\shpright11024\shpbottom5265\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz152\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType .

}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop5265\shpright11024\shpbottom14970\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz155\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g28}{\bkmkend Pg28}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw3630\colsr160\c olno2\colw2715\colsr160\colno3\colw2067\colsr160\colno4\colw3228\colsr160\ql \li 1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 câmpului vizual\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb271\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Conjunctivita\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb241\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -inflama\u355?ie a\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 conjunctiv ei\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 globului ocular\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri11\sb211\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este o boal\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 contagioas\u259?-se \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 transmite prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 secre\u355?ii care\pa r\pard\qj \li1278\ri13\sb2\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ajung pe mâi ni.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mânc\ u259?rimi\par\pard\ql \li21\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ocul are.\par\pard\qj \li6655\sb0\sl-409\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li21\ri0\sb360 \sl-409\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -inflamarea \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 înro\u351?ires\par\pard\qj \li21\ri217\sb3\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 conjunctivei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 globului\par\pard\ql \l i21\sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ocular.fa\u355?\u259? de \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 pern\u259?.\par\pard\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\par d\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\par d\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\par d\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\par d\ql \li20\sb271\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -infec\u355?ie viral \u259?\par\pard\column \ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6655\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb75\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ei.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb233\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -s curgere\par\pard\ql \li21\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 purule nt\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prosop.\par\pard\qj \li21\ri 146\sb206\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -senza\u355?ie de \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 arsur\u259? la\par\pard\qj \li21\ri0\sb0\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nivelul ochilor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u351?i l\u25 9?crimare.\par\pard\column \ql \li8872\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8872\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8872\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb75\sl-3 68\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1039\sb7\sl -411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 înotului în ape \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 poluate. \par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \ql \li3250\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ ql\li3250\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3250\sb51\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ANALIZATORUL ACUSTICO-VESTIBULAR \p .\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri31\sb199\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 -netratat\u259? duce \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 la orbire\par\pard\c olumn \ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \pa r\pard\ql \li3790\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -miopie.\par\pard\qj \li21\ri20\sb207\sl-411 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dureri de cap \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 v iolente.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb235\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ro\ u351?ea\u355?\u259? în\par\pard\ql \li21\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 ochi.

\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1288\sb12\sl-410 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -urechea medie(camera timpanic\u259?)-situa t\u259? în osul temporal. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -prezint\u259? la exterior t impanul. iar spre interior ferestra oval\u259? \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 fereastra rotund\u259?.ar\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb84\sl-368\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Urechea este format\u259? din: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1625\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -urechea extern\u259?-format\u259? din pavilionul urechii \u351?i conductul \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 auditiv extern. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop4653\shpright3680\shpbottom4653\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop4653\shpright6545\shpbottom4653\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop4653\shpright8762\shpbottom4653\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop10745\shpright3680\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop10745\shpright6545\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop10745\shpright8762\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop10745\shpright11024\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1441\shpright1168\shpbottom4653\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4653\shpright1168\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop1441\shpright3680\shpbottom4653\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3680\shptop4653\shpright3680\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\sh .

\par\pard\qj \li 2358\ri1869\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 alc\u259?tuit din 3 canale s emicirculare. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1556\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -între timpan \u351?i membrana ferestrei ovale se afl\u259? lan\u355?u l de 3 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 oscioare:ciocanul.pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop1441\shpright6545\shpbottom4653\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6545\shptop4653\shpright6545\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop1441\shpright8762\shpbottom4653\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8762\shptop4653\shpright8762\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom10745\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2105\shptop12907\shpright4417\shpbottom12907\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz588\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2105\shptop13730\shpright4222\shpbottom13730\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz636\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g29}{\bkmkend Pg29}\par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri2373\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -comunic\u259? cu nasofaringele prin t rompa lui Eustachio. vestibulul osos \u351?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 melc ul osos(cohleea). nicovala \u351?i sc\u259?r i\u355?a. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1110\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -urechea intern\u259?-este format\u259? din labirintul osos în care se afl\u2 59? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 labirintul membranos. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri3103\sb7\sl-400\slmult0\tx3077 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 -labirintul membranos: \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 con\u355?ine endolimf\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb1\s l-347\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -labirintul osos: \par\pard\ql \li2358 \sb56\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 con\u355?ine perilimf\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li3077\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 alc\u259? . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -con\u355?ine aer la presiune a tmosferic\u259?.

\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -form at din: \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 celule de sus\u35 5?inere-delimiteaz\u259? tunelul lui Corti.Segmentul periferic\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 (rece ptorul)-se afl\u259? în mecul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 membranos(cohlee). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2026\sb226\sl -400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Organul Corti-situat între fa\u355?a inte rn\u259? a membranei bazilare \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 membrana tecto ria. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 memb rana vestibular\u259? în: \par\pard\li1638\sb338\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \e xpndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 2 rampe:rampa vestibular\u259? \u351?i r ampa timpanic\u259? care comunic\u259?\par\pard\li1638\sb1\sl-301\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prin helicotrem\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 -dendritele sunt conectate cu celulele senzoriale. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb 193\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SEGME NTELE ANALIZATORULUI AUDITIV \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3467\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2276\sb180\sl -420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este împ\u259?r\u355?it\u259? de lama sp iral\u259? osoas\u259?. iar vârful se inclaveaz\u259? în \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex98 membrana tectoria. \par\pard\ql \li3077\ri1345\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx3437 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 în canalele semicirculare.tuit din canale semicirculare membranoase. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri 1689\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -axonii formeaz\u259? ramu . membrana \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 vestibular\u259? \u351 ?i peretele extern l cohleei. \par\pard\qj \li3437\ri1273\sb0\sl-42 0\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vestibul membranos(format din utricul\u259 ? \u351?i sacul\u259?) \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 melcul membranos(cana lul cohlear). membrana bazilar\u259?. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2105\shptop3401\shpright4330\shpbottom3401\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz76\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop11400\shpright2470\shpbottom11400\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz348\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g30}{\bkmkend Pg30}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -con\u3 55?ine receptorii auditivi -în organul Corti. \par\ pard\qj \li1278\ri1172\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cohleeaeste un canal osos r\u259?sucit de 2 ori \u351?i jum\u259?tate în jurul unui \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ax central-columela. \par\pard\ql \li3077\ri1 631\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx3437 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4 \fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 în melcul membranos se g\u259?sesc rec eptori pentru \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 auz. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2. urtricul\u259? \u351?i sacul\u259? se afl\u259? \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 receptori vestibulari.\par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1558\sb 0\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 canalul cohlear-delimitat de membrana bazi lar\u259?.Segmentul intermediar\ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 (de conducere)-este format din 4 neuroni: \par\pard\qj \li12 78\ri1742\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -primul neuron(proton euronul)-este localizat în ganglionul spiral \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Corti din columel\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1241\sb18\sl410\slmult0\tx2717\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs3 2 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 celule senzoriale auditive-prezint\u259? la polul apical cili care \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 str\u259?bat me mbrana reticular\u259?.

\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -al patrulea neuron-se afl\u 259? în corpul geniculat medial din talamus. conductul auditiv extern le transmite la membrana \line \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 timpanic\u259?. la segmentul central.Segmentul peri feric\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 (receptor)-este reprezentat de crestele \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 ampulare \u351?i aparatul otolitic(macula). \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1135\sb47\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -al doilea neuron(deutoneuronul)-situat în nucleii cohleari din punte. prin calea \line \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 auditiv\u259?.Oscila\u355?iile perilimfei determin\u259? \u351?i oscila\u355?ii {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop2369\shpright3182\shpbottom2369\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz28\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g31}{\bkmkend Pg31}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1456\sb339\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 ale endolimfei. care vibreaz\u259?. \par\pard\ql \l i1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Crestele ampulare: \par\p ard\ql \li1638\ri1483\sb218\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se afl\u259? în am pulele canalelor semicirculare membranoase. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1111\sb18\sl-410\slmult0\tx19 98\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 con\u355?ine celule de sus\u355?inere \u351?i celule sen . deoarece membrana vest ibular\u259? este extrem de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sub\u355?ire. transmis sub form\u259? de impuls nervos.Segmentul central \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -se afl\u259? în girusul temporal superior.La baza melcului se percep sune tele înalte.000 Hz \u351?i intensitatea de 1-120 db(decibeli). verticale. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SEGMENTELE ANALIZATORULUI VESTIBULAR \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1992\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1. \par\pard\ ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\q l\li1278\sb136\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2 \fs32 FIZIOLOGIA ANALIZATORULUI ACUSTIC \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Urechea uman\u259? per cepe sunete cu frecven\u355?a cuprins\u259? între 16-\par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1171\s b18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 20. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb190\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 3. \lin e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al treilea neuron-se afl\u259? în coliculul inferio r din mezencefal.Oscila\u355 ?iile perilimfei determin\u259? deformarea membranei \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 bazilare pe care se afl\u259? organul Corti.Sistemul de oscioare transm ite vibra\u355?iile la \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fereastra oval\u259? de unde sunt preluate de perilimfa din rampa \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ves tibular\u259? \u351?i timpanic\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 con\u355?in celule de sus\u355?inere \u351?i senzoriale cu cili îngloba\u355?i într-o \line\tab \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex98 mas\u259? gelatinoas\u259?(cupula). \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri103 9\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\f s32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 men\u355?in echilibrul în condi\u355?iil e accelera\u355?iilor circulare ale capului \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \u351?i corpului(mi\u351?c\u259?ri în jurul axei orizontale. unde se transform\u259? în senza\u355?ie de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 auz.Pavilionul capteaz\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 u ndele sonore. iar la vârful \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 acestuia se percep sune tele joase.Cilii celulelor auditive se \ line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 îndoaie fa\u355?\u259? de membrana tectoria \u351 ?i se declan\u351?eaz\u259? un poten\u355?ial \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de ac\ u355?iune. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb205\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Macul a: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\no supersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se afl\u259? în utricul \u259? \u351?i sacul\u259?. latera le).ra acustic\u259?(cohlear\u259?) a nervului acustico\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 v estibular.

otolitele sunt împinse în sens opus mi \u351?c\u259?rii.Segmentul interm ediar\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 (de conducere)-este alc\u259?tuit din 3 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 neuroni: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2044\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -primul neuron(protoneuronul)-se afl\u259? în ganglionu l vestibular \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Scarpa. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1552\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\ tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 când capul \u351?i corpul sufer\u259? acceler\u259?ri liniare(înainte. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2223\sb226\sl-400\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2.Canalele semicirculare orizontale \u351?i l .La nivelul \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 receptorilor ia u na\u351?tere poten\u355?iale de ac\u355?iune care sunt \line \tab \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 transmise prin nervul vestibular pân\u259? la segmentul \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 central.zoriale cu cili care se \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 afl\u259? în contact cu o mas\u259? gelatinoas\u259?. înapoi. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmul t0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FIZIOLOGIA ANALIZATORULUI VESTIBULAR \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb 0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb11 6\sl-368\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 când capul s t\u259? nemi\u351?cat otolitele apas\u259? asupra receptorilor \par\pard\qj \li1 998\ri1094\sb10\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 maculari care trimit impulsuri nervoase spre segmentul central. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop6880\shpright3894\shpbottom6880\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz196\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1638\shptop9745\shpright2670\shpbottom9745\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz300\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g32}{\bkmkend Pg32}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -axonii formeaz\u259? ramura vestibular\u259? a nervului acustico-vestibular. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 -al treilea neuron-se afl\u259? în talamus. \par\pard \qj \li1278\ri1616\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al doilea n euron(deutoneuronul)-se afl\u259? în nucleii vestibulari din \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 bulbul rahidian. ce con\u355?ine otoli\u355?i(cristale \line \t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 microscopice de carbonat de Ca). \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-3 68\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dendritele sunt conectate cu celulele se nzoriale.Se \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 declan\u351?eaz\u259? impulsuri nervoase care ajung la segmentul \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 central \u351?i se declan\u351?eaz\u259? reac\u355?ii motorii pentru corectar ea \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pozi\u355?iei corpului \u351?i capului . \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1094\sb0\sl-411\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1 998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 mi\u351?c \u259?rile de rota\u355?ie antreneaz\u259? rota\u355?ia simultan\u259? a canalel or \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 semicirculare aflate în planul rota\u355? iei respective. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb2 32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 3. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 informândul asupra pozi\u355?iei corpului. \par\pard\ql \li 1638\sb25\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 permite men\u355?inerea echilibrului în con di\u355?ii statice \u351?i dinamice.Segm entul central\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -se afl\u259? în girusul temporal superi or. \line\ tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sau lateral).

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2687\sb181\sl-420\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTARE DE IGIEN\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE A \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ANALIZATORULUI ACUST ICO-VESTIBULAR \par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\sl mult0\par\pard\li1278\sb115\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3763\tx5784\tx8936 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 BOLI\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 CAUZE\tab \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 SIMPTOME\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 PREVENIRE {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14538\shpright3653\shpbottom14538\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz359\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3653\shptop14538\shpright5674\shpbottom14538\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz362\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5674\shptop14538\shpright8825\shpbottom14538\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz365\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8825\shptop14538\shpright11024\shpbottom14538\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz368\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14895\shpright3653\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz371\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3653\shptop14895\shpright5674\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz374\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5674\shptop14895\shpright8825\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz377\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8825\shptop14895\shpright11024\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz380\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14538\shpright1168\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz383\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3653\shptop14540\shpright3653\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz386\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} .Canalele semicirculare verticale informeaz\u259? asupra \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mi\u351?c\u259?rilor în jurul axelor orizontale(c \u259?deri. \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 întoarceri).aterale informeaz\u259? \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 asupra mi\u351?c\ u259?rilor în jurul axului vertical(r\u259?suciri. s\u259?rituri).

\par\pard \ql \li20\sb244\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -complica\u355?ii:\pa r\pard\ql \li20\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 meningite. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -virale.\par\pard\ql \ li20\sb203\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stare general\u259?\par\p ard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 proast\u259?.}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5674\shptop14540\shpright5674\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz389\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8825\shptop14540\shpright8825\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz392\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop14538\shpright11024\shpbottom14895\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz395\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g33}{\bkmkend Pg33}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw3603\colsr160\c olno2\colw1871\colsr160\colno3\colw3002\colsr160\colno4\colw3164\colsr160\ql \li 1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 1278\sb265\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs3 2 Otita\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb244\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -otita\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri0\sb0\sl-511\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 extern\u259?=infec\u355?ia \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 urechii externe.\ par\pard\qj \li20\ri209\sb46\sl-609\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sc\u259 ?derea auzului.\par\pard\column \ql \li3763\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3763\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3763\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3763\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb265\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -micotice. frisoane. \par\pard\sect\sectd\s bknone \ql \li4027\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4027\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \pa r\pard\ql\li4027\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4027\sb306\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ANALIZATORUL CUTANAT \par\p ard\qj \li1278\ri1653\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf2\f3\fs32 Analizatorul cutanat con\u355?ine receptorii tactili. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -otita\par\pard\qj \li127 8\ri84\sb0\sl-409\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 medie=infec\u355?ia \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urechii medii.\par\pard\column \ql \li8936\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8936\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8936\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8936\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb265\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -respectarea\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1403\sb10\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 regulilor de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 igien\u259? a\par\pard\ql \li20 \sb37\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urechii. situ a\u355?i în piele.\par\pard\column \ql \li5784\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li5784\sb0 \sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li5784\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li5784\sb0 \sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb265\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 Otita extern\u259?-\par\pard\qj \li20\ri227\sb10\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 eczem\u259? acut\u259? sau \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cronic\u2 59?. de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 presiune \u351?i vibratorii.\par\p ard\ql \li20\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -perforarea\par\pa rd\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 timpanului.durero\u351?i. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Pielea\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este forma .\par\pard\qj \li21\ri3\sb45\sl-6 10\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -bacteriene.encef alite.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb237\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Otita me die\par\pard\ql \li20\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -durere. termici . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -febr\u259?.

derm. a\u351?ezat pe \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 membrana b azal\u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -pr ezint\u259? paile dermice.hipoderm. keratinizat. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop1999\shpright3653\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3653\shptop1999\shpright5674\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5674\shptop1999\shpright8825\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8825\shptop1999\shpright11024\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9090\shpright3653\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3653\shptop9090\shpright5674\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5674\shptop9090\shpright8825\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8825\shptop9090\shpright11024\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1441\shpright1168\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1999\shpright1168\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3653\shptop1441\shpright3653\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} . \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri3374\sb39\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 Dermul-\u355?esut conjunctiv dens.t\u259? din 3 straturi :epiderm. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2116\sb22 6\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Epidermul-\u355?esut epitelial plur istratificat.

\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c)Receptorii durero\u351?i: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 termina\u355?ii nervoase libere-în epiderm.corpusculii VaterPacini-\line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 situa\u355?i în hipoderm. \par\pard\ ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b)Receptorii termici : \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nos upersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corpusculii Krause-în de rm. \line \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 -este rezerva de gr\u259?sime subcutanat\u259? a organismului. cu celule adipoase. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corpusculii Golgi. derm. corpusculii Ruffini. \p ar\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \pa r\pard\ql\li1278\sb73\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf1\f2\fs32 SEGMENTELE ANALIZATORULUI CUTANAT \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1.}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3653\shptop1999\shpright3653\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5674\shptop1441\shpright5674\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5674\shptop1999\shpright5674\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8825\shptop1441\shpright8825\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8825\shptop1999\shpright8825\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1999\shpright11024\shpbottom9090\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g34}{\bkmkend Pg34}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\r i3076\sb368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 Hipodermul-\u355?esut conjunctiv lax.corpusculii Merkel-sunt situa\u355?i în derm. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\no supersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corpusculii Ruffini-în hipoderm.Segmentul periferic(receptorul)\ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 a)Receptorii tactili: \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1403\sb198\sl-410\slmult0 \tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corpusculii Meissner. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1298\ .

\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb197\sl-322\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw-2\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf11\f12\fs28 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersu b\cf10\f11\fs28 se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? la nivelul bulbului rahidian. \up0 \expndtw-4\charsca lex100 -al treilea neuron-în talamus. durero\u351?i în \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 scoar\u355?a cerebral\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb238\sl-322\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw-4\charscalex100 b)spinobulbare-pt.sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb238\sl-322\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw-2\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf11\f12\fs28 \u-3913?\ul0\no supersub\cf10\f11\fs28 se încruci\u351?eaz\u259? la nivelulu m\u259?duvei spin\u 259?rii. \par \pard\qj \li1278\ri1154\sb169\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -intens itatea senza\u355?iei depinde de m\u259?rimea suprafe\u355?ei excitate \u351?i d e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 diferen\u355?a de temperatur\u259? dintre tegument \u351?i excitant. \up0 \expndtw-4\charscalex100 -al doilea neuron-în cornul posterior al m\u259?duv ei spin\u259?rii.sensibilitatea tactil\u259? fin\u259?. sensibilit atea termic\u259? \u351?i dureroas\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0 \nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FIZIOLOGIA ANALIZATORULUI CUTANAT \par\pard\qj \li1278\s b0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1 422\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Sensibilitatea tactil\u259? fin\u259?(epicritic\u259?)-este determinat\u259? de deform\u259?ri \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 u\u351?oare ale tegumentului. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop7915\shpright4712\shpbottom7915\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz140\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3128\sb0\sl-560\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw-4\charscalex100 -primul neuron-neuronul somatosenzitiv din ganglionul spinal. sensibilitatea tactil\u259? grosier\u259? \u351?i protopatic\u259?\ul0\nosup ersub\cf10\f11\fs28 . \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl240{\bkmkstart Pg35}{\bkmkend Pg35}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-322\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-322\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-322\slmult0 \par\pa rd\ql\li1278\sb228\sl-322\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw-4\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf10\f11\fs28 -al treilea neuron-în talamus. \par\pa rd\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -zone cu sensibil itate mare sunt pulpa degetelor \u351?i buzele. cald. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2079\sb22 6\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sensibilitate tactil\u259? grosier\ u259?(protopatic\u259?)-este determinat\u259? de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ap\ u259?sare. pt. \up0 \expndtw-4\charscalex100 -al doilea n euron. rece sunt mai numero\u351?i decât cei pt.S egmentul de conducere\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -este reprezentat de c\u259?ile sensibilit\u259?\u355?ii \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 exteroceptive: \par\pard\q j \li1278\ri1512\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -conduc inform a\u355?iile de la exteroceptorii tactili. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -receptorii sunt situa\u355?i în profunzimea tegumentului. formarea senza\u355?iilor specifi ce. \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 -receptorii pt. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -anteriorpt. termici. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -conduc impulsuri prin fasciculele: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2009\sb24\s l-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a)spinotalamice-lateral-pt. \par\par d\qj \li1278\ri2294\sb214\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf1\f2\fs32 3. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -au pe parcurs 3 neuroni. \par\pard\ql \li1638\r i1305\sb198\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Discriminarea tactil\u259 ?-2 sau mai multe excita\u355?ii tactile aplicate \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 simultan sunt recep\u355?ionate numai dac\u259? distan\u355?a dintre p uncte \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 este suficient de mare. \par\pard\q j \li1278\ri1385\sb54\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sensibilitatea termic\u259?-este neuniform\u259? pe suprafa\u355?a tegumentului.în nucleii Goll \u351?i Burdah din bulbul rahidian. \par\pard\qj \li1278\r i3112\sb42\sl-560\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw-4\charscalex100 -primul neuron-neuronul somatosenzitiv din ganglionul spinal.Segmentul central\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -se afl\u259? în g irusul postcentral din lobul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 parietal-ariile someste zice.

\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -durerea visceral\u259? nu se poate localiza precis.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb235\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -eroziuni.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb237\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -folosi rea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prosopului \par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 individual.\par\pard\ql \li20\ri1118\sb2 02\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sp\u259?larea pe \line \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 mâini cu ap\u259? \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 s\u2 59?pun înainte \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de mas\u259? \u351?i \line \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 dup\u259? folosirea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 toal etei.\par\pard\column \ql \li8670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li867 0\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb128\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 PREVENIRE\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1205\sb158\sl -410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -baie gener al\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 regulat\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -zone cu sensibilitate mare:degete. buze.Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop9547\shpright5174\shpbottom9547\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz188\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop12613\shpright4320\shpbottom12613\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz284\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g36}{\bkmkend Pg36}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1297\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Sensibilitatea dureroas\u259?-este det erminat\u259? de excitan\u355?i care produc \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 leziuni celulare.\par\pard\qj \li21\ri394\sb209\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -senza\u355?ie de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 arsur\ u259? \u351?i\par\pard\ql \li21\sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mânc\u259?rime. \par\ pard\ql \li2088\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2088\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\p ard\ql\li2088\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTARE DE IGIEN\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE A \par\pard\ ql \li3867\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ANALIZATORULUI CUTANA T\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw3582\colsr160\colno2\colw2313\col sr160\colno3\colw2315\colsr160\colno4\colw3430\colsr160\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\sl mult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb128\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 BOLI\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Herpesul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri36\sb6\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 boal\u259? a pielii \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a mucoaselor\par\pard\column \ql \li37 42\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20 \sb128\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CA UZE\par\pard\ql \li20\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf2\f3\fs32 -virale\par\pard\column \ql \li6205\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\p ard\ql \li6205\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb128\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SIMPTOME\par\pard\qj \li21\ri0 \sb157\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -e rup\u355?ie de mici \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b\u259?\u351?icu\u355?e pline \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cu lichid. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri22 04\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -durerea tegumentar\u259? se manifest\u259? cu o mare capacitate de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 discriminare .\p ar\pard\ql \li20\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\ pard\qj \li20\ri1722\sb11\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 contactului . vârful limbii. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -algorec eptorii sunt mai mari în viscere.

\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 direct cu\par\pard\ql \li20\sb36\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 persoanele {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop1757\shpright4712\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz20\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop7562\shpright3632\shpbottom7562\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz127\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop7562\shpright6095\shpbottom7562\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz130\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop7562\shpright8560\shpbottom7562\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz133\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop7562\shpright11024\shpbottom7562\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz136\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop8120\shpright3632\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz139\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop8120\shpright6095\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz142\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop8120\shpright8560\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz145\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop8120\shpright11024\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz148\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14834\shpright3632\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz151\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop14834\shpright6095\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz154\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop14834\shpright8560\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz157\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l .

ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop14834\shpright11024\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz160\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop7562\shpright1168\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz163\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop8120\shpright1168\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz166\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop7564\shpright3632\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz169\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop8120\shpright3632\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz172\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop7564\shpright6095\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz175\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop8120\shpright6095\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz178\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop7564\shpright8560\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz181\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop8120\shpright8560\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz184\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop7562\shpright11024\shpbottom8120\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz187\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop8120\shpright11024\shpbottom14834\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz190\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g37}{\bkmkend Pg37}\par\pard\ql \li8670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li8670\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li8670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li8670\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 bolnave .

are rol în \line \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex96 transportul hormonilor de la hipotalamus la adenohipofiz\u259?.. carticotropina. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 H. hormonul luteinizant \u351?i \par\ pard\ql \li1998\sb33\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 h.coticosuprarenale \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 -stimuleaz\u259? secre\u355?ia gl. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 -stimuleaz\u259? secre\u355?ia de hormoni ai glandei tiroide.prolactina. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1999\shpright3632\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop1999\shpright6095\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop1999\shpright8560\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop1999\shpright11024\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1441\shpright1168\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp .Tija pituitar\u259? este alc\u259?tuit\u259? din: \par\pard\ql \l i1998\ri1088\sb186\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sistemul port-hip ofizar.tirotropina(TSH): \par\pard\qj \l i1998\ri2569\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -controleaz\u259? c re\u351?terea \u351?i dezvoltarea glandei tiroide. foliculostimu lant.Este local izat\u259? la baza creierului. \par\pard\ql \li4213\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4213\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4213\sb76\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf1\f2\fs32 GLANDELE ENDOCRINE \par\pard\ql \li3716\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 HIPOFIZA-GLANDA PITUITAR\u258? \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri 1788\sb226\sl-400\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3 \f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Localizare(topografie). glandulotropi: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb23 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1. alc\u259?tuit din fibre nervoase \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dispuse între hipotalamus \u3 51?i lobul posterior al hipofizei. \par\ pard\qj \li1638\ri2875\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hipofiza este legat\u259? de baza hipotalamusului prin tija \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pituitar\u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -tractul hipotalamo-hipofizar. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li 1998\sb77\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 LOBUL ANTERIOR(ADENOHIPOFIZ\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 A) produce: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1182\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -hormoni care con troleaz\u259? activitatea altor glande endocrine-\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 glandulotropi:tirotropina.are 3 lobi:anterior. alc\u259?tuit din vase de sânge dispuse \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 în tre hipotalamus \u351?i lobul anterior al hipofizei.somatotrop.corticotropina(ACTH): \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1787\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cont roleaz\u259? cre\u351?terea \u351?i dezvoltarea gl. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 Structur\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -horm oni non-glandulotropi:h. corticosuprarenale.are rol \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 în tra nsportul hormonilor de la hipotalamus la lobul posterior al \line \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 hipofizei. intermediar \u351?i posterior. în \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?aua turceasc\u259? a osului sfenoid.

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1420\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 . \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb20\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are efect hiperglicemiat.sexuali feminini). \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -determin\u259? mobilizarea acizilor gra\u351?i din depozitele lipidice.h. dez voltarea masei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 musculare.lut einizant(LH)-determin\u259?: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 -la femei ovula\u355?ia \u355?i apari\u355?ia corpului galben.foliculostimulant(FSH)-determin\u259?: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1397\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la femei cre\u3 51?terea \u351?i maturarea foliculilor ovarieni \u351?i secre\u355?ia \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex98 de estrogeni(h. masculini(androgeni. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 testosteron) \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 4. determin\u259? la copii nanismul hipofizar-\par\pard\qj \li1278\ ri1421\sb10\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 piticismul hipofizar. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1894\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la b\u259?rba\u355?i stimuleaz\u259? secre\u355?ia de h.H. car acterizat prin:talie redus\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hormonii n on-glandulotropi: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 1. \p ar\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Hiposecre\u3 55?ia de STH. dezvoltare fizic\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 redus\u259?.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop1441\shpright3632\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop1441\shpright6095\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop1441\shpright8560\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop12150\shpright3520\shpbottom12150\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz359\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g38}{\bkmkend Pg38}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 3. prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 stimularea cre\u351?terii oaselor lungi. la nivelul tubilor seminiferi ai testiculelor. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -stimuleaz\u259? sinteza de proteine.h.somatotrop(STH): \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2512\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are rol în cre\u351?terea \u351?i dezvoltarea organismulu i. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la b\u259?rba\u355?i stimuleaz\u259? s permatogeneza(producerea \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 spermatozoizilor). dezvolatrea organelor inte rne(viscere). dar armonioas\u259? \u351?i dezvoltare psihic\u259? normal\u25 9?.

caract. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 limbii \u 351?i buzelor. de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 aceea se nume\u351?te vasopresin\u259?. prin \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 poliurie(eliminarea unei cantit\u259?\u355?i mare de urin\u259?). \pa r\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf1\f2\fs32 LOBUL POSTERIOR(NEUROHIPOFIZA) \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1106\sb218\ sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Con\u355? ine un depozit de hormoni. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb245\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. determin\u259? diabetul insipid.Ei sunt: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb25\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1. prin mic\u351?or area cantit\u259?\u355?ii de urin\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 eliminat\u25 9?.Hormonii produ\u351?i se numesc neurosecre\u355?ii sau \l ine \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 neurohormoni. antidiuretic(ADH).a mandibulei.H. \par\par d\ql \li1278\ri2150\sb216\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hiposecre\u 355?ia de ADH. gigantismul caracterizat \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 prin cre\u351?tere exagerat\u259? în în\u259?l\u355?ime(pe ste 2 m). a oaselor fe\u355?ei. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop5657\shpright5122\shpbottom5657\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz116\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7094\shptop9345\shpright9780\shpbottom9345\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz228\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop9756\shpright3894\shpbottom9756\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz244\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7202\shptop10778\shpright8910\shpbottom10778\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz292\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7147\shptop11800\shpright8980\shpbottom11800\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz340\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g39}{\bkmkend Pg39}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 LOBUL I NTERMEDIAR(MIJLOCIU) \par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998 \ri1147\sb390\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 Produce h. vasopresina: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -determin\u 259? reabsorb\u355?ia apei la nivel renal. determin\u259? la copii. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dezvo ltarea glandelor mamare. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1680\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\u351?te tensiunea arterial\u259? când se afl\u259? în cantit\u259?\u355?i mari. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2107\sb26\sl-4 00\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are efect antidiuretic. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1081\sb189\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 Hipersecre\u355?ia de STH. cu rol de pigmentare a pielii. a unor viscere(organe interne). determin\u259? la adult acromegalia.Hipersecre\u355?ia de STH.prolactina stimuleaz\u259?: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -secre\u355?ia lactat\u2 59?. caracteri zat\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prin cre\u351?tere exagerat\u259? a mâinilor . \line . melanocitostimulator(MSH) -stimuleaz\u259? sinteza de \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex99 melanin\u259?. în melanocite. produ\u351?i de nuclei hipotalamici \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 anteriori.

nelini\u351?te. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 piele uscat\u259? \u351?i îngro\u35 1?at\u259?. în special a \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex98 sistemului nervos. \lin e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 caracterizat prin:în\u259?l\u355?ime redus\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li5800\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5800\sb84 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 TIROIDA \par\pard\qj \li2358\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li2358\ri1147\sb26\sl-400\s lmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Localizare:este situat\u259? în partea anterioar\u259 ? a gâtului. \par\par d\qj \li1278\ri1155\sb188\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hiposecre\u 355?ia tiroidian\u259? determin\u259? la adult mixedemul. ducând la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 expulzia fâtului. \par\pard\ql \li4087\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 PANCREASUL ENDOCRIN {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop1757\shpright5370\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp . deoare ce \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 este o surs\u259? de iod. gu\u351?\u259?. \par\pard\ql \l i1998\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -eliberarea laptelui din g landele mamare.Ocitocina stimuleaz\u259?: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1181\sb26\sl-400\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contrac\u355?ia uterului la gravide în perioada travaliului. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 Hormonii tiroidieni:tiroxina \u351?i triiodotironina.ochi exoftalmici(ie\u351?i \u355?i din orbite). \par\pard\ql \l i1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hipersecre\u355?ia tiroid ian\u259? determin\u259? la adult boala Basedow-\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1561\sb18 \sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Graves(gu\u351?a exoftalmic\u259?). c are se \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 cara cterizeaz\u259? prin:hiposecre\u355?ie tiroidian\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1368\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -determin\u259? descompunerea proteinelor \u351?i cr e\u351?terea elimin\u259?rilor de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 azot. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -determin\u259? hiperg licemie. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? activitatea gonadelor.Un rol important în alimenta\u355?ie îl are sarea iodat\u259?.\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 polidipsie(consumarea unei cantit\u259?\u355?i mare de ap\u259?). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 iritabilitate. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 Lipsa iodului din alimenta\u355?ie produce gu\u351?a endemic\u259?. defecte ale din\u355?ilor. uni\u355?i printr-un istm.hipertensiune. edem mucos. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb246\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 2.senza\u355?ie permanent\u259? de frig. caracterizat\u259? prin:sl\u259?bire accentuat\u259?. hiperfagie(cre\u351?terea poftei de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mâncare). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4215\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -stimuleaz\u259? lipoliza(descompunerea lipidelor). \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 -produc iritabilitate \u351?i nelini\u351?te. c\u259?derea p\u259?rului . care este necesar form\u259?rii hormonilor tiroidieni. \ par\pard\ql \li2358\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Structur\u259?:are 2 lobi . înso\u355?it\u259? de m\ u259?rirea \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1152\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 glandei. deform\u259?ri osoase. \p ar\pard\qj \li1278\ri2257\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -au r ol în cre\u351?terea \u351?i dezvoltarea organismului. \par\pard\sect\sectd\ fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg40}{\bkmkend Pg40}\par \pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\ pard\qj\li1278\ri1618\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf2\f3\fs32 Ac\u355?iunile hormonilor tiroidieni:-au efect calorigen. caracterizat \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 prin:cre\u351?tere în greutate. într-\line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 o loj\u259? fibroas\u259?. man ifestat prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cre\u351?terea metabolismului bazal. de zvoltare fizic\u259? \u351?i psihic\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 re dus\u259?(cretinism). \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 hipotensiune(sc\u259?derea tens iunii arteriale). sc\u259?derea capacit\u259?\u355?ii de \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 concentrare \u351?i înv\u259?\u355?are. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2128\sb218\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hi posecre\u355?ia tiroidian\u259? determin\u259? la copil nanismul tiroidian.

\lin e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -celule beta care produc insulin\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb23\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -intensific\u259? consu mul de glucoz\u259? la nivel celular. în spatele stomacului. \par\pard\ ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ac\u355?iunile hormo nilor pancreatici: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 1. \line\ tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 formate din: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri5184\sb19\sl -400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -celule alfa care produc glucagon. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 caracterizat prin: \par\pard\ql \li27 17\ri1087\sb212\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -hiperglicemie(cre\u3 51?terea glicemiei peste valorile normale). \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1992\sb26\sl-400\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? glicogenogeneza hepatic\u259? (formarea de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 glicogen din glucoz\u259?). dia betul zaharat. \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 La nivelul metabolismului proteic.Insulina: \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri2276\sb26\sl-400\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\ f3\fs32 Este principalul h. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -poliuri e(eliminarea unei cantit\u259?\u355?i mari de urin\u259?). stimuleaz\u259? sinteza \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 proteinelor. \line\tab \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 deoarece: \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1459\sb4\sl-420\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? p\u259?trunderea glucozei în \u355?esutu l muscular \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u355?esutul adipos. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri2025\sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Hiposecre\u355?ia de insulin\u259? determin\u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\ . \par\pard\q l \li2358\ri1529\sb12\sl-410\slmult0\fi359\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -d etermin\u259? lipogeneza(formarea de lipide) din glucoz\u259?. \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Structur\u259?:este alc\u259?tuit din celulele insulelor Langerhans. hipoglicemiant al organismului.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz20\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7130\shptop7267\shpright9622\shpbottom7267\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz196\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7165\shptop8702\shpright8714\shpbottom8702\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz260\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8146\shptop10545\shpright9568\shpbottom10545\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz340\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop10955\shpright2310\shpbottom10955\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz356\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6544\shptop12390\shpright8716\shpbottom12390\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz420\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g41}{\bkmkend Pg41}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\s b0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\ri1726\sb342\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 Localizare:în cavitatea abdominal\u259?.

\line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mineral ocorticoizi \u351?i sexosteroizi.Glucagonul {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7534\shptop9345\shpright9812\shpbottom9345\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz268\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6384\shptop13443\shpright8162\shpbottom13443\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz372\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g42}{\bkmkend Pg42}\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2717\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2717\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Este pr incipalul hormon hiperglicemiant. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? gl uconeogeneza(formarea de glucide din \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 aminoaciz i). \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -stare de apatie. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913 ?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Corticosuprarenala este dispus\u259? la periferia glandei \u351?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 produce urm\u259?toarele grupe de hormoni:glucocorticoizi. \par\pard\ql \li4676\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4676\sb78\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 GLANDELE SUPRARENALE \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1790\sb410\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Localizare: sunt situate la polul superior al rinichiului. deoarece: \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1156\sb21\sl406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? glicogenoliza(descompun erea glicogenului în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 glucoz\u259?). ei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 având rol antiinflamator. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri2171\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la nivelul metabolismului lipidic produce activarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 li polizei(descompunerea lipidelor). \par\pa rd\qj \li1278\ri1351\sb140\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 B. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1440\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hipersecre\u355?ia de insulin\u259? determin\u259? h ipoglicemie. sc\u259?derea for\u355?ei \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 muscula re \u351?i chiar pierderea cuno\u351?tin\u355?ei \u351?i apari\u355?ia st\u259?r ii de com\u259?.Hormonii mineralocorticoizi sunt reprezenta\u355?i de aldosteron care \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 determin\u259? la nivelul tubilor colectori \u351?i distali ai nefronu lui: \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\ u351?terea reabsorb\u355?iei apei \u351?i a sodiului.Ei determin\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 urm\u259?toarele ac\u 355?iuni: \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1921\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -stimuleaz\u259? gluconeogeneza(sinteza de glucoz\u259? din \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 aminoacizi) \u351?i hiperglicemie. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosu persub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Structur\u259?:sunt al c\u259?tuite din 2 \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1529\sb12\sl-406\slmult0\fi359\tx2717\ tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 forma\u355?iuni:corticosuprarenala \u351?i me dulosuprarenala. nu \u351?i muscular. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1120\sb219\sl-400\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 A. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -s c\u259?derea în greutate. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 2. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1566\sb19\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -polifagie(consu marea unei cantit\u259?\u355?i mari de alimente). \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1620\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Glucorticoizii sunt utiliza\u355?i pt. \line \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 -glucozurie(prezen\u355?a glucozei în urin\u259?). numai la nivel hep atic.Hormonii glucocorticoizi sunt reprezenta\u355?i de cortizol. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb52\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\u351?terea elimin\u259?rilor de . \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1709\sb 4\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la nivelul metabolismului proteic determin\u259? cre\u351?terea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 excre\u355?iei de azot .charscalex97 -polidipsie(consumarea unui volum mare de lichide). tratarea uno r afec\u355?iuni.

\par\pard\ql \li3437\sb25\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 -produce glicogenoliz\u259? \u351?i hiperglicemie. \par\pard \ql \li3437\ri1841\sb12\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la nivelul s istemului digestiv produce:relaxarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 musculaturii ne tede. numit testos teron. \par\pard\ql \li3077\ri1877\sb219\sl-400\slmult0\tx3437 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\ cf2\f3\fs32 Medulosuprarenala reprezint\u259? partea mijlocie a \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 glandei. \par\pard\ql \li5192\sb213\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 GONADELE \par\pard\ql \l i1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1 278\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Gonadele sunt glande mixte \u351?i sunt reprezentate de ovar \u351?i testicul. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1598\shptop2779\shpright4658\shpbottom2779\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz52\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P .Hormonii sexosteroizi au ac\u35 5?iune asem\u259?n\u259?toare cu cei produ\u351?i de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 gonade. aldosteronul determin\u259 ? diminuarea cantit\u259?\u355?ii de urin\u259? \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 cre\u351?terea acidit\u259?\u355?ii acesteia. \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 vasoconstric\u355?ie \u351?i hipertensiune. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1598\sb220\sl-400\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Produce hormonii:adrenalina \u351?i noradrenalina. iar \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1103\sb0\sl-4 20\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 noradrenalina are ac\u355?iuni vasculare mai intense. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Func\u355?ia endocrin\u259? a testicului \par\pard\ql \li3077\ sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Localizare testicul în regiunea inghinal\u259?.Acestea diferen\u355?iaz\u259? cele dou\u 259? sexe la pubertate. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1580\shptop7712\shpright4960\shpbottom7712\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz196\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1580\shptop12222\shpright5510\shpbottom12222\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz340\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g43}{\bkmkend Pg43}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1226\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 În acest fel.Contribuie la apari\u355?ia \u351?i men\u355?inerea caracterelor sexuale \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 secundare. \par\pard\ql \li3077\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Structur\u259?: con\u35 5?ine tubi seminiferi care produc \par\pard\qj \li3437\ri1180\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 spermatazoizi \u351?i celule intersti\u355?iale Ley dig ce produc \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 hormonul sexual masculin. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 inhibarea secre\ u355?iilor digestive. contrac\u355?ia sfincterelor.Ace\u351?ti hormoni se \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mai numesc cateco lamine \u351?i au efecte similare cu efectele stimul\u259?rii \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 sistemului nervos simpatic. \par\pard\ql \li12 78\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Adrenalina ac\u355?ioneaz\u2 59? în special pe metabolismul energetic. Ace\u351?ti hormoni au \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 urm\u259?toarele efecte: \par \pard\ql \li3437\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la nivelul si stemului cardiovascular \par\pard\qj \li3437\ri1984\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 produce:tahicardie(accelerarea b\u259?t\u259?ilor inimii).potasiu \u351?i hidrogen. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1117\sb 189\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C.

\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb35\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hormonii estrogeni sunt sintetiza\u355?i d e: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri3441\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 celulele foliculului ovarian. format\u259? din \u355?esut conjunctiv lax. unde sunt prezen\u 355?i foliculii \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ovarieni care produc hormo nii sexuali feminini \u351?i o zon\u259? \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 medular\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li3437\ri1540\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 asigur\u259? dezvoltarea \u351?i men\u355?inerea caracterelor \u351?i \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex98 men\u355?inerea caracterelor sexuale \par\pard\ql \li3437\sb47 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 secundare(dezvolatrea scheletului \u 351?i a masei \par\pard\qj \li3437\ri1467\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 musculare. \par\pard\li1638\sb51\sl-368\slmult 0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ta b \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Hormonii secreta\u355? i de ovarul endocrin sunt:estrogenii \u351?i\par\pard\li1638\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 progesteronul. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2471\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char . \par\pard\qj \li3437\ri4083\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -determin\u259? dezvoltarea masei \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 musculare(anabolizant proteic). determinând modific\u259?ri \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 secretorii ca re o preg\u259?tesc pentru nida\u355?ie(fixarea celulei ou). \par\pard\ql \li478 2\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 S ISTEMUL OSOS \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Mi\u351?carea se realizeaz\u259? prin intermediul s istemului osos-partea \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 pasiv\u259? \u351?i sistemul muscular-partea activ\u259? a aparatului locomotor. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard \sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg45}{\bkmkend Pg45}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmul t0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf2\f3\fs32 Efectele progesteronului: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2044\sb226\sl400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ac\u355?ioneaz\u259? asupra mucoasei ut erine. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -stimuleaz\u259? dezvoltarea glandelor mam are. în timpul sarcinii. \par\pard\ql \ li1278\sb213\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\f s32 Func\u355?ia endocrin\u259? a ovarului\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\par d\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 Localizare: în regiunea pelvian\u259?. în timpul sarcinii. vase de sânge \u351?i \ line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nervi. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -gla ndele corticosuprarenale.g44}{\bkmkend Pg44}\par\pard\ql \li3077\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3077\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3077\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3077\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913 ?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Efectele testosteronului: \par\pard\qj \li3437\ri 1984\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? cre\u351?t erea \u351?i dezvoltarea organelor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 genitale masculin e. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri5860\sb4\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -placent\u259?. îngro\u351?area vocii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 -corpul galben. distribu\u355?ia \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 gr\u259?simii de rezerv\u259?). \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 Efectele estrogenilor: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1911\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? proliferarea mucoasei \u351?i musculaturii uterine. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri3182\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 -placent\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1376\sb21\sl406\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 Structur\u259?:con\u355?ine o zon\u259? cortical\u259?. pilozitatea. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri5415\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 Progesteronul este sintetizat de: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -co rpul galben. în timpul matur\u259?rii. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1715\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stimuleaz\u259? dezvoltarea caracterelor sexuale secundare la \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex98 femei.

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2117\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sacral\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 Prezint\u259? 4 curburi fiziologice: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2080\sb186 \sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -lordoza cervical\u259? \u351?i lord .SCHELETUL TRUNCHIULUI\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 cuprinde:coloana vertebral\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li5137\sb2 47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SCHELE TUL \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmul t0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ALC\u258 ?TUIRE \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2007\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Dup\u259? regiunile corpului se disting :schelet ul capului. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb 32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oasele parietale(oasele bol\u355? ii craniene). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 coastele \u3 51?i sternul.SCHELETUL CA PULUI\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este format din 22 de oase \u351?i \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 cuprinde:neurocraniul. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1600\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 a)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Coloana vertebral\u259? \ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 este format\u259? din 33-34 vertebre articulate \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 prin discurile intervertebrale.\par\pard\li1638\sb44\sl-36 8\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 6 oase perechi :\par\pard\ql \li1998\ri7230\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oas ele maxilare. format\u259? di n 12 vertebre. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4339\sb18\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 -coccigian\u259?. format\u259? din 7 vertebre. viscerocraniul. scheletul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 trunchiului \u351?i scheletul membrelor superioare \u351?i inferioare. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Viscerocraniul-este format din 14 oase din car e\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840 \pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg46}{\bkmkend Pg46}\par\pard\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmu lt0\par\pard\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pa rd\li1638\sb101\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 2 oase nepereche:\par\pard\li1638\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 osul vomer. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2 205\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs 32 Neurocraniul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -cutia cranian\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1 998\sb40\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oasele cornetele nazale inf erioare. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex95 -toracal\u259?. format\u259? din 5 vertebre. format\u259? di n 8 oase late care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ad\u259?postesc encefalul din car e: \par\pard\li1638\sb255\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf2\f3\fs32 4 neperechi:\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 -osul frontal(osul frun\u355?ii). \line \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 -oasele nazale.format\u259? din 5 vertebre.scalex97 Totalitatea oaselor legate între ele prin articula\u355?ii formeaz\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 scheletul corpului \ul0\ nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 care cuprinde peste 200 de oase. format\u259? din 4-5 vertebre reduse. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2231\ sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -osul etmoid \u351?i sfenoid a\u3 51?ezate la baza cutiei craniene. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -osul occipital(os ul cefei). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2809\sb220\sl-40 0\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 1. \par\pard\li1638\sb24\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 2 perechi\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb41\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -oasele temporale(oasele tâmplelor). \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oasele palatine. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -oasele zigomatice.\par\pard\li1638\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 osul maxilarului inferior-mandibula. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -lombar\u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oasele la crimale. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cuprinde 5 regiuni: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri5741\s b30\sl-613\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cervical\u259?.

oza lombar\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Scheletul mem brelor inferioare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 cuprinde: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1 423\sb190\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\ f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 centura pelvian\u259?\ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 care leag\u259? scheletul membrului inferior de \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cel al trunchiului \u351?i este format\u259? din: \par\pa rd\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg48}{\bkm kend Pg48}\par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\sb0\sl-420 \slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri1876\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -2 oase coxale. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -clavicul\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 c)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sternul \par\pard\ql \li1278\r i4448\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 -osul pieptului. \par\pard\q j \li1638\ri2759\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 scheletul membrului li ber propriu-zis\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 format din: \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 -scheletul coapsei-femur. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 -se articuleaz\u259? cu claviculele \u351?i primele 7 perechi de coaste. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -flotante-ultimele 2 perechi XI-XII care nu se articuleaz\u259? cu sternul. \par\pard\qj \li 1278\ri1371\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1 \f2\fs32 3. cu convexitate dispus\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 poster ior. manub riu \u351?i apendice xifoid. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -este os lat. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -scheletul antebra\u355?ului-radius \u351?i cubitus. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2293\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 Sternul. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2759 \sb26\sl-400\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\f s22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 scheletul membrului liber propriu-zis \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 format din: \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 scheletul bra\u355?ului-humerus. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a)\u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Scheletul membrelor superioare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f s32 cuprinde: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1405\sb190\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs 32 centura scapular\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 care leag\u259? oasele membrelor superioare \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de scheletul trunchiu lui \u351?i este format\u259? din: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb23\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -omoplat-scapul\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1101\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Coastele\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt în num\ u259?r de 12 perechi. 5 metacarpiene \u351?i 14 falange. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2007\sb180 \sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -coaste false-urm\u259?toarele 3 per echi VIII-X care se articuleaz\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 indirect cu ste rnul prin cartilajul celei de a 7-a coaste.SCHELETUL MEMBRELOR\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este format din schel etul centurilor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i scheletul membrelor propriuzise. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -format din corp. \par\ pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -scheletul mâinii8 carpiene. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb3\sl-368\slmult0 . coastele \u351?i regiunea toracal\u259? a coloanei vertebrale. cu concavitatea dispus\u259? poste rior. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cifo za toracal\u259? \u351?i cifoza sacral\u259?. care împreun\u259? cu osul sacrum \u351?i coccisul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 formeaz\u259? bazinul. sunt oase late \u351?i se împart \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 în: \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmk start Pg47}{\bkmkend Pg47}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\l i1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1351\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -coaste adev\u259?rate-primele 7 perechi de la I-VII care se articuleaz\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 direc t cu sternul prin cartilajele costale proprii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 formeaz\u259? cutia toracic\u259?.

de o alimenta\u355?ie bogat\u259? în calciu \u351?i fosfor. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri3958\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 reprezint\u259? locuri de inser\u355?ie pentru mu\u351?chi. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 oasele reprezint\u259? pârghiile cu rol în mi\u351?care. ad\u259?poste\u351?te m\u259?duva spin\u259?rii.D).vasele mari. 5 metatarsiene \u351?i 14 falange.: femur. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -canalul vertebral. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 2)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Cre\u351?terea în grosime\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 : \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cara cterizeaz\u259? toate formele de oase:lungi.\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -scheletul gambei-tibie \u351?i fibul\u259?(peroneul ). scurte. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri140 0\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -asigur\u259? formarea de \u3 55?esut osos nou spre diafiz\u259? prin osificarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 d e cartilaj. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1466\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 scheletul piciorului-7 tarsiene. late. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 constituie depozit de s\u259?ruri minerale. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \ . ad\u259?poste\ u351?te encefalul. pl\u259?mânii. \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 formeaz\u259? cavit\u259?\u355?i de protec\u355?ie: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cutia cranian\u259?. radius. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1345\ sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs3 2 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 prin m\u259?duva ro\u351?ie contribuie l a formarea elementelor figurate \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ale sângelui . \par\pard\ql \li2314\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CRE\u350?TEREA ÎN LUNGIME \u350?I GROSIME A OASELOR \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 1)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Cre\u351?terea în lungime\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -caracterizeaz\u259? oasele lungi(ex. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\ sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg49}{\bkmkend Pg49}\par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \p ar\pard\qj\li1638\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\ri2094\sb314\sl-420\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -se realizeaz\u259? cu ajutorul cartilajelor de cre\u351?tere. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ ri1328\sb198\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se realizeaz\u259? prin activitatea periostului-membran\u259? conjunctiv\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 situat\u259? la exteriorul osului care asigur\u259? formarea de \u355?esut o sos \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nou prin osificare de membran\u259?.C. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0 \nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 dau form\u259? car acteristic\u259? corpului. via\u355?a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 organismului: \par\pard\ql \li16 38\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \ u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 asigur\u259? sta\u355?iunea biped\u259? a o mului. situate la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 limitele dintre diafiz\u259? \u351?i epifiz\u259?. uln\u259?). \par\pard\q l \li1638\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cre\u351?terea oaselo r depinde de factori endocrini. \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex98 -rotula(patela)osul genunchiului. de prezen\u355?a \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb52\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vitaminelor (A. excretor \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 \u351?i reproduc\u259?tor. tibie. \pa r\pard\ql \li1906\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cutia toraci c\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li4386\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4386\sb79\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ROLUL SISTEMULUI OSOS \par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-400\ slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri2445\sb46\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Sistemul osos îndepline\u351?te func\u355?ii import ante pt. \par\pard\qj \li1 998\ri1252\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -bazinul ad\u259?pos \u351?te\u351?te organe ale sistemului digestiv. ad\u259?poste\u351?te inima.

\par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1381\sb212\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 d)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 piciorul plat\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -apare în t impul cre\u351?terii oaselor deoarece nu se \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fo rmeaz\u259? bolta piciorului. traumatisme.up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTARE D E IGIEN\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3286\sb53\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 1. echimoze.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\ f2\fs32 LUXA\u354?IILE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se caract. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri19 51\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Manifest\u259?ri:durere. contactul piciorului se face pe toat\u259? \line \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 talpa. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 Cauze:politraumatisme. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -înc\u259?l\u355?\u259?minte strâmt\u259?. iar \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ca petele osului ies la exterior. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1596\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 3.Pot \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 fi \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 : \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb24 3\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -fractu ri închise. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 rezultatul fiind o asimetrie a trunchiului. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1170\sb190\sl-420\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1721 \sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 lordoza\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -caracterizat\u259? prin accentuarea concavit \u259?\u355?ii curburii \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 lombare a coloanei vertebral e. cizmari. deformarea regiunii. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -\u355?inut\u259? incorect\u259? a corpului timp îndelungat. persoane care muncesc \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 stând în pozi\u355?ie aplecat\u259?. accidente. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1790\sb179\sl-410\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 scolioza\ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -const\u259? în devierea lateral\u259? a coloanei vertebrale. ech imoze(vân\u259?tâi). \par\pard\qj \ li1638\ri2110\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a)\ul0\nosupersub \cf1\f2\fs32 cifoza\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -caracterizat\u259? prin accentua rea curburii toracale a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 coloanei vertebrale(cocoa\u3 51?\u259?). dac\u259? su nt afecta\u355?i mu\u351?chii \u351?i pielea. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 4.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2 \fs32 DEFORM\u258?RI OSOASE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 pot avea cauze diferite: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -suprasolicit\u259?ri în timpul unor activit\u259?\u3 55?i. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-2 40{\bkmkstart Pg50}{\bkmkend Pg50}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\p ard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\par d\ql\li1638\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\ f3\fs32 Cauza-pozi\u355?i incorect\u259? a corpului.Mai des \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1259\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 întâlnit\u259? la cea sornicari. \par\pard\ql \li16 38\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -folosirea unei înc\u259?l\u35 5?\u259?mintei necorespunz\u259?toare. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 Cauza-\u355?inuta incorect\u259? a corpului timp îndelungat. în special a suprafe\u355?elor osoase \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 articulare. \p ar\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Manifest\u25 9?ri-dureri locale. dac\u259? pielea r\u259?mâne intact\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cauza-statul în picioare timp îndelungat.Pot fi: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri14 . umfl\u259?turi ale articula\u355?iei.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ENTORSELE \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se caract erizeaz\u259? prin întinderea sau ruperea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ligamentelor într-o articula\u355?ie. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2254\s b190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -fracturi deschise. prin disloc\u259?r i ale elementelor \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1328\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 componente ale unei articula\u355?ii. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 Cauze-mi\u351?c\u259?ri bru\u351?te.FRACTURILE con stau în ruperea sau fisurarea oaselor. cicli\u351?ti. caracte rizat\u259? prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ridicarea unui um\u259?r \u351?i co borârea celuilalt. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 scurtarea regi unii. necontrolate. \ par\pard\ql \li1638\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -statul îndel ungat în picioare.

\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -exerci\ u355?ii fizice. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri223 6\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chii grupa\u355?i în ju rul orificiilor:nazale.\ul0\ nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 MU\u350?CHII TRUNCHIULUI \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt : \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3104\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a) \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii spatelui \u351?i ai cefei\ul0\nosupersu b\cf2\f3\fs32 : \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -trapez. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3238\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -drept intern \u351?i drept extern. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paper h15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg51}{\bkmkend Pg51}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -luxa\u355?ii patologice-datorate unor infec\u355?ii . \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c)\ul0\ nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii limbii \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri4442\sb24\sl-6 20\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 d)Mu\u351?chii extrinseci ai globului ocu lar\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -drept superior \u3 51?i drept inferior. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -respectarea regulilor de protc\u355?ie a munc i \u351?i de circula\u355?ie. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri4335\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -l uxa\u355?ii congenitale-indivizii se nasc cu ele.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 MU\u350?CH II GÂTULUI\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -pi elosul gâtului. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dorsal. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 -regim alimentar bogat în Ca \u351?i P. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -hioidieni i. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3496\sb0\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 -sternocleidomastoidienii. c\u259?derea pe cot \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 poate produce luxa\u355?ia um\u259?rului). \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -temporal i. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb209\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -occipital.auditive. mu\u35 1?chii sunt grupa\u355?i în: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 1.Mu\u351?chii membrel or \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 3.Mu\u351?chii gâtului \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 3. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 oblic superior \u351?i oblic inferior. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3345\sb0\sl620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Prevenir\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 e: \par\pard\qj \l i1638\ri2895\sb20\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -regim alimentar bo gat în vitamine \u351?i s\u259?ruri minerale. \par\pard\ql \li4510\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ ql\li4510\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4510\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SISTEMUL MUSCULAR \par\pard\ql \li 1718\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 PRINCIPALELE GRUPE DE MU\u 350?CHI SCHELETICI-SOMATICI \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Dup\u259? regiunile corpului. orbitale.\ul0\ nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 MU\u350?CHII CAPULUI\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt: \p ar\pard\ql \li1638\ri3255\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a)\ul0 \nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii mimicii-cutana\u355?i\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 : \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -frontal.Mu\u351?chii capului \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2.Mu\u351?chii trunchiului \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 4.54\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -luxa\u355?ii traumatice-dat orate unui traumatism(ex. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Rol în dete rminarea expresiei fe\u355?ei. \par\pard\ql \li1638\s b252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ai \u351?an\u355?urilor interve rtebrale. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840 \pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg52}{\bkmkend Pg52}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-620\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\ri3620\sb368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii masti catori\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -maseteri.

\par\pard\ql \li4456\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 TIPURI DE CONTRAC\u354?II \par\pard\qj \li 1638\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li16 38\ri1809\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 Mu\u351?chii sunt organe active ale mi\u351?c\u259?rii care asigur\u259? t onusul. flexori ai degetelor.\ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 MU\u350?CHII MEMBRELOR \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Mu\u351?chii membrelor superioare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 sunt: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 a)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii um\u259?rului\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 -deltoidul. echilibrul. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -din\ u355?a\u355?ii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 postura. mimica \u351?i mi\u351? c\u259?rile voluntare. \line \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex98 mu\u351?chii adductori ai coapsei. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii bra\u355?ului\ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 -biceps \u351?i triceps brahial. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri3018\sb55\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chiul e xtensor ai degetelor. \par\pard\ql \l i1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oblici interni. ci starea de tensiune di n \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mu\u351?chi. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb210\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii gamb ei\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1792\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chiul triceps sural alc\u259?tuit din mu\u 351?chii gastrocnemieni \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 solear. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3185\sb33\sl-610\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chiul cvadriceps femural. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1099\sb190\ sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351 ?chii antebra\u355?ului\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -flexori \u351?i extensori ai degetelor. \par\p ard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg53}{\bk mkend Pg53}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\ri3487\sb 368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 c)\ul 0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii abdomenului\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \ line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -drep\u355?i abdominali. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CONTRAC\u354?IILE IZOMETRICE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se caracterizeaz\u259? prin: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1329\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 -mu\u351?chiul nu î\u351?i modific\u259? dimensiunile. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri5010\sb15\sl-6 . \par\par d\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 4. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chiul biceps femural.b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii toracelui\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pectora lii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mu\u351? chiul pronatori \u351?i suspinatori ai piciorului. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 d)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii mâinii\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \ par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii membrelor inferioare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 s unt: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a)\ul 0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii fesieri\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -în jurul articula\u355?iei coxo-femurale. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri4438\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -intercostali. pronatori \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i suspinatori ai antebra \u355?ului. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\pap erw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg54}{\bkmkend Pg54}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\ li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 d)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351? chii plantei\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -mu\u351?chiul flexori \u351?i extensori \u351?i degetelor. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -diafragmul. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mu\u351?chii coapsei\ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 -mu\u351?chiul croitor. \par\pard\ql \li1638\s b189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oblici externi.

\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 b)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 TETANOSUL COMPLET \par\pard\ qj \li1638\ri1489\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf2\f3\fs32 -se ob\u355?ine prin aplicarea repetitiv\u259? a stimulilor cu fr ecven\u355?\u259? mai \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mare. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1 791\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -graficul înregistreaz\u259? un platou regulat. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 -tensiunea r\u259?mâne aceea\u351?i. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b) tetanos complet. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -expresia fe\u355?ei. \par\pard\qj \li1 638\ri1720\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -graficul înregistreaz \u259? un platou din\u355?at care exprim\u259? sumarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 incomplet\u259? a secuselor. \par\p ard\qj \li1638\ri1222\sb182\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt car acteristice musculaturii posturale care asigur\u259? sta\u355?iunea \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex98 biped\u259? a corpului. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -nu realizeaz\u259? lucru mecanic.-prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 contrac\u355?ia musculaturii membrelor inferioare se realizeaz\u259? \line \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mersul). \line \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CONTR AC\u354?IILE FUZIONATE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt de mai multe tipuri: \pa r\pard\ql \li1638\sb246\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a)tetanos inc omplet. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1331\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a)\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 TETANOSUL INCOMPLET\ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -se ob\u355?ine prin aplicarea repetitiv\u259? \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 a stimulilor cu frecven\u355?\u259? joas\u259?. de scurt\u259? \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 durat\u259?. declan\u351?at\ u259? de o singur\u259? stimulare a mu\u351?chiului. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2289\sb180\sl-420\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este rezultatul unor impulsuri nervoase care provin de la \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 m\u259?duva \u351?i care stimulea z\u259? alternativ fibrele musculare. \par\pard\ql \li163 8\ri1953\sb218\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt caracteristice m ajorit\u259?\u355?ii mu\u351?chilor membrelor(ex. exprimând sumarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 total\u259? a sec uselor. dar par\u355?ial\u259? a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 musculaturii.20\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -energia este transformat\u259? în c\u259?l dur\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Are rol în: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -termoreglare. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri3605\sb24\sl-6 20\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -men\u355?inerea tonusului postural(pozi\ u355?ia corpului). \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -realizeaz\u259? lucru mecanic. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-2 40{\bkmkstart Pg55}{\bkmkend Pg55}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\p ard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\par d\ql\li1638\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\ f3\fs32 c)tonus muscular. \par\pard\ql \li2428\sb0\sl-368\sl mult0 \par\pard\ql\li2428\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2428\sb116\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEME NTARE DE IGIEN\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE \par\pard\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\p ard\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1638\sb120\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3616\tx . \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c) \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 TONUSUL MUSCULAR \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2075\sb190\s l-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -reprezint \u259? starea de contrac\u355?ie permanent\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1545\sb214\sl-406\slmu lt0\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-391 3?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CONTRAC\u354?IA SIMPL\u258? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2 \f3\fs32 sau secusa muscular\u259? se ob\u355?ine \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 dac\u259? se aplic\u259? mu\u351?chiului o excita\u355?ie unic\u259?. \par\pard\q l \li1638\sb209\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -u\u351?ureaz\u259? d eclan\u351?area contrac\u355?iilor musculare. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri2008\sb47\sl-610\ slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CONTRAC\u354?IILE IZOTONICE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f s32 se caracterizeaz\u259? prin : \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mu\u351?chiul se scurteaz\u259? \u351?i se produce mi\u351?carea.

6515\tx8587 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 BOLI\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 CAU ZE\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 SIMPTOME\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 PREV ENIRE {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1528\shptop14294\shpright3506\shpbottom14294\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz263\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop14294\shpright6405\shpbottom14294\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz266\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop14294\shpright8477\shpbottom14294\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz269\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop14294\shpright11024\shpbottom14294\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz272\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1528\shptop14851\shpright3506\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz275\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop14851\shpright6405\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz278\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop14851\shpright8477\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz281\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop14851\shpright11024\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz284\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1528\shptop14294\shpright1528\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz287\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop14295\shpright3506\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz290\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop14295\shpright6405\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz293\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop14295\shpright8477\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz296\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType .

\par\pard\ql \li20\sb2 36\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -întinderea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 muscular\u259?\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 excesiv\u259? a\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1 88\sb9\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mu\u351?chiului peste \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 limita de\par\pard\ql \li20\sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 elasticitate.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb157\sl-411\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -eforturi musculare \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 i ntense(frecvente \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 la sportivi).\par\pard \ql \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sc\u259?derea\par\pard \ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 substan\u355?elor\par\ pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 macroergice(ATP ) \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 .\par\pard\q l \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -scade\par\pard\ql \li20 \sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 randamentul\par\pard\ql \li20\s b42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 energetic. lipsa \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 oxigenului. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stress.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 -ruptura\par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 muscular\u259?.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb236\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a glucozei la\par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nivelul pl\u259?cii\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 motorii.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 ruperea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 mu\u351?chiului sau a\par\pard\column \ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql \li21\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dureri\par\par d\qj \li21\ri178\sb0\sl-611\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 musculare.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri33 0\sb208\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -acumulare de \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 acid lactic.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb250\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sc\u259?derea\par\pard\qj \li21\ri18\sb9\sl-410\slmult0 . \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sc\u259?derea\par\pard\ql \li21\sb0\sl-288\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 for\u355?ei\par\pard\ql \li21\sb1\sl-327\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 musculare.}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop14294\shpright11024\shpbottom14851\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz299\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g56}{\bkmkend Pg56}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw3456\colsr160\c olno2\colw2749\colsr160\colno3\colw1922\colsr160\colno4\colw3513\colsr160\ql \li 1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Obosela\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb42\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 muscular\u259?\par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-4 10\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-4 10\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-4 10\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-4 10\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-4 10\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-4 10\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-4 10\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-4 10\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri30\sb1 52\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Întinderi \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 rupturi\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb37\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 musculare\par\pard\column \ql \li3616\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3 616\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3616\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li2 0\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -a ctivitate fizic\u259?\par\pard\qj \li20\ri472\sb0\sl-611\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 dezorganizat\u259?.

\par\p ard\qj \li21\ri1628\sb203\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -stil de vi a\u355?\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 echilibrat.\par\pard\column \ql \li8587\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li8587\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8587\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li21\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dozarea\par\pard\ql \li21\ sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 efortului\par\pard\ql \li21\sb44 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 muscular. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1530\shptop8964\shpright3506\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop8964\shpright6405\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop8964\shpright8477\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop8964\shpright11024\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1528\shptop14855\shpright3506\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop14855\shpright6405\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ .\par\pard\qj \li21\ri90\sb207\sl-411\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -v\u259?rs\u259?turi \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 colaps în\par\pard\ql \li21\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 cazuri grave.\par\pard\qj \li21\ri180\sb203\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -instalarea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 contracturii \line \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 musculare\par\pard\ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql \li6515\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb230\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dureri locale\par\pard\qj \li21\ri0\sb207\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -echimoze \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tumef ierea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 zonei\par\pard\ql \li21\sb37\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 afectate.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb242\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1095\sb11 \sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sedentarismului \line \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 .\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1253\sb201\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -tratarea unor \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 boli endocrine.\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 excitabilit\u259?\u355?ii \line \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 musculare.\par\pard\ql \li8587\sb0\sl -368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8587\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8587\sb0\sl -368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8587\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8587\sb0\sl -368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8587\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8587\sb0\sl -368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb274\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -repaus.\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1218\sb206\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 -regim de via\u355?\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 echilibrat.\par\pard\q l \li21\sb235\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -tratament\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1503\sb10\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 chirurgical în \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cazuri grave.

\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop14855\shpright8477\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop14855\shpright11024\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1528\shptop1441\shpright1528\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1528\shptop8964\shpright1528\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop1441\shpright3506\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop8964\shpright3506\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop1441\shpright6405\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop8964\shpright6405\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop1441\shpright8477\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop8964\shpright8477\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom8964\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop8964\shpright11024\shpbottom14855\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType .

}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g57}{\bkmkend Pg57}\par\pard\ql \li3616\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3616\s b0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3616\ri3601\sb342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \u355?esutului \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 conjunctiv \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 adiacent. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 circula\u355?ia. \par\par d\ql \li1638\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -glande anexe. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -degluti\u355?ie. \pa r\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf1\f2\fs32 Tubul digestiv\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -format din: \par\pard\ ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 -cavitatea bucal\u25 9? -con\u355?ine. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 faringele: -conduct musculo-membranos.FUNC\u354?IILE DE NUTRI\u354?IE \pa r\pard\ql \li1638\ri1577\sb221\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Func\u355?iile de nutri\u355?ie-realizeaz\u259? schimburil e de substan\u355?e dintre \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 organism \u351?i mediu.2. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri5733\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 din\u355?ii-organe dure. \par\par d\ql \li2358\sb23\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sensibilitate gust ativ\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1456\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -loc de încruci\u351?are a c\u259?ii digestive cu cea respiratorie. cu rol în: \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 -vo rbire. \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri4122\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -mastica\u355?ie. cu rol în: \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 -mastica \u355?ie. p recum \u351?i transform\u259?rile din interiorul \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 organismului. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vorbire. \par\pard\ql \ li4126\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4126\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li 4126\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li4126\sb301\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri5092\sb190\sl-420\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 limba-organ musculos. respira\u355?ia \u351?i excre\u355?ia. \ par\pard\ql \li1638\sb246\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf1\f2\fs32 DIGESTIA \u350?I ABSORB\u354?IA \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3123\sb6 1\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Sistemu l digestiv-componente: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -tub digestiv.Se realizeaz\u259? prin urm\u259?toarele procese:digestia. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1528\shptop2821\shpright3506\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop2821\shpright6405\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop2821\shpright8477\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop2821\shpright11024\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1528\shptop1441\shpright1528\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s .

\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are 3 segmente :duodenul. \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -comunic\u259? lateral cu urechea medie. jejunu l \u351?i ileonul. venul\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1386\sb210\sl -420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în mucoasas intestinal\u259? se afl\u259 ? glande care secret\u259? suc intestinal \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i mu cus. canal piloric. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri2273\sb61\sl-546\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -intestinul sub\u355?ire-se întinde de la pilor la valvul a-ileocecal\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 -este organ cavitar.v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3506\shptop1441\shpright3506\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6405\shptop1441\shpright6405\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8477\shptop1441\shpright8477\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom2821\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g58}{\bkmkend Pg58}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\r i1688\sb368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 -comunic\u259? anterior cu fosele nazale. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri5299\sb53\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 -esofagul-organ musculo-membranos. corp. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\ fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 vilozitatea intestinal\u259?-alc\u259 ?tuit\u259? din: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -epiteliu simplu cilindric-cu enterocite-celule cu microvili. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -duodenul-por\u355?iune fix \u259?-cuprinde în concavitatea sa capul \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pancrea sului. cavitatea bucal\u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -rol în de gluti\u355?ie. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -situa t posterior fa\u355?\u259? de trahee. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb202\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -je junul \u351?i ileonul-por\u355?iuni mobile. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -comunic\u259? inferio r cu esofagul. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1558\sb15\sl-620\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex96 -pe suprafa\u355?a mucoasei intestinale se afl\u259? vilozit\u259?\u35 5?ile intestinale. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2062\sb128\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -comunic\u259? cu esofagul prin orificiul cardia \u351?i cu duodenul prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 orificiul pilor. în loja gastric\u259?. \par\pard\s ect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg59}{\bkmkend Pg59}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slm ult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\u355?esut conjunct iv lax. laringele. antru. capilare. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în mu coasa stomacului se g\u259?sesc glandele gastrice ce secret\u259? \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 sucul gastric. \par\pard\qj \li1 278\ri1723\sb126\sl-510\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -format din: fornix( fundul stomacului). \up0 \expndtw0\charscale . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4339\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -stomacul-situat în abdomen. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4748\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 -vase de sânge-arteriol\u259?.

descendent \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 sigmoid. submandibulare. capilare sanguine. \par\pard\ql \li1733\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf1\f2\fs32 TRANSFORM\u258?RI FIZICO-CHIMICE ALE ALIMENTELOR ÎN \par\pard\ ql \li4763\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 TUBUL DIGESTIV \par\p ard\qj \li1278\ri1277\sb198\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf2\f3\fs32 Digestia reprezint\u259? totalitatea transform\u259?rilor suf erite de alimentele \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ingerate -transform\u259? substa n\u355?ele organice complexe în substan\u355?e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 organic e simple. \line \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt glande acinoase care secret\u259? saliva. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -fibre musculare netede. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2133\sb55\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 -rectul-se continu\u259? cu canalul anal ce se deschide prin anus. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2186\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -colonul-cu segmentele:ascendent. \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 -alc\u259?tuit din cap. \par\pard\ql \l i1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Transform\u259?ri fizice: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -înmuierea . segmente \u351?i lobuli. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Pancrea sul-gland\u259? mixt\u259?. înapoia stomacului. \par\ pard\qj \li1278\ri2258\sb167\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Ficatul -situat în cavitatea abdominal\u259?. \u355?esut conjunctiv . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb23 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -rolul vilozit\u259?\u355?ilor: de m\u259?rire a suprafe\u355?ei absorb\u355?ie. iar \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 celulele sale secret\u 259? mucus. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri2466\sb33\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -Glandele salivare-parotide.absorbabile. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -intestinul gros-se întinde de la valvula ileo cal\u259? pân\u259? la anus. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\p aperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg60}{\bkmkend Pg60}\par\pard\ qj \li2358\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li2358\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\q j\li2358\ri1369\sb314\sl-420\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Lobulul hepatic-este u nitatea structural\u259? \u351?i func\u355?ional\u259? a \line\tab \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 ficatului. transvers. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -e ste alc\u259?tuit din lobi. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -alc\u259?tuit din cec. coad\u259?. ficatul \u351?i pan creasul. \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex96 -sunt situate în vecin\u259?tatea cavit\u259?\u355?ii bucale. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 canalicule biliare. în loja \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 hepatic\u259?. sub diafragm. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -degluti\u355?ia. sublinguale. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1212\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -alc\u259?tuit din :hepatocite(celule hepatice). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1476\s b219\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În tubul digestiv alimentele sufer \u259? transform\u259?ri mecanice. fizice \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ch imice. solubile. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri3676\sb55\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 Transform\u259?rile mecanice: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -mastica\u355 ?ia. numite nutrimente. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri 1902\sb186\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -partea exocrin\u259? secr et\u259? sucul pancreatic care este eliminat în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 duoden .x98 -capilar limfatic-chilifer central. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cecul-se continu\u259? cu apendicele vermif orm. iar în timpul perioadelor interdigestive \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 este depozitat\u259? în vezicula biliar \u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Glandele anexe\ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 ale tubului digestiv sunt: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 glandele salivare. colon \u351?i rect. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri4742\sb4\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -triturarea. corp. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4748\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -situat retroperitoneal. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1653\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mucoasa intestinului gros este lipsit\u259? de vilozit\ u259?\u355?i intestinale. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1715\sb189\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -are o secre\u355?ie exocrin\u259?-bila-care se elimin\u259? în pe rioadele \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 digestive în duoden.

\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh158 40\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg61}{\bkmkend Pg61}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Transform\u259?rile chimice: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1902 \sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -transformarea substan\u355?el or alimentare complexe în substan\u355?e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 organice simp le sub ac\u355?iunea enzimelor digestive. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb247\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 Enzimele digestive: \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt componente ale sucurilor digestive. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri5334\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 -dizolvarea substan\u355?elor hidrosolubile. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1299\sb20\ sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -unele enzime sunt secretate sub form \u259? inactiv\u259? \u351?i devin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 active în prezen\u3 55?a anumitor substan\u355?e. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -enzime lipolitice-tra nsform\u259? lipidele în glicerin\u259? \u351?i acizi \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 gra\u351?i. limbii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 degluti\u355?ia. \par\pard\q j \li2717\ri1387\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt substan\u 355?e organice care ac\u355?ioneaz\u259? numai asupra \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 anumitor substan\u355?e organice alimentare. mu\u351?chilor masticatori. solubilizarea unor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 constituen\u355?i alimentari. fructoz \u259?. formarea bolului alimentar. zdrobire \u351?i triturare prin participarea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mandibule i.alimentelor. buzelor. fizice \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 chimice. obrajilor. protec\u355?ie \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri14 77\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 antibacterian\u259?(prin lizoz im). \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 Categorii de enzime digestive: \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1494\sb21\sl-406\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -enzime glicolitice(amilolitice)-transform\u259? glucidele în \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 monozaharide:glucoz\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 -emulsionarea gr\u259?similor. copt)\par\pard\ql \li4386\sb0 . \par\p ard\qj \li1278\ri1474\sb170\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf1\f2\fs32 Saliva\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -este produsul glandelor sa livare \u351?i ac\u355?ioneaz\u259? în cavitatea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 bucal \u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb46\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -enzime proteolitice-transform\u259? proteinele în aminoacizi. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb24 3\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Mastica\u355?ia-proces prin care al imentele solide \u351?i semisolide sunt \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1262\sb0\sl-420\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 prelucrate mecanic prin t\u259?iere. din\u355?ilor. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb284\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 DIGESTIA BUCAL\u258? \par\pard\qj \ li1278\ri1369\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 În cavitatea bucal\u259? alimentele sufer\u259? modific\u259?ri mecanic e. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop10568\shpright2720\shpbottom10568\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz228\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g62}{\bkmkend Pg62}\par\pard\qj \li2717\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li2717\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li2717\ri1386\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -con\u355?ine enzima glicolitic\u259? amilaza salivar\u259? (ptilina) care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 hidrolizeaz\u25 9? amidonul preparat. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri2597\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -roluri:înmuierea alimentelor. galactoz\u259?. vorbire.\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw8096\colsr160 \colno2\colw3844\colsr160\ql \li3412\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3412\sb1 58\sl-253\slmult0\tx5820 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex110 \ul0\nosupersub\cf9\f10\fs 22 Amidon\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex110 amilaz\u259?\par\pard\ql \li3412\sb41 \sl-253\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex114 preparat(fi\par\pard\ql \li3412\sb4 1\sl-253\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex114 ert.

0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2. gelatinaza \u351?i lipolitice:-\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 li paza gastric\u259?.(0. faringian. stimuleaz\u259? evacuarea gastric\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 DIGESTIA GASTRIC\u258? \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1774\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 Digestia gastric\u259? este rezultatul activit\u259?\u355?ii secr etorii \u351?i motorii a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 stomacului. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Sucul gastric -con\u355?ine ap\u259?.45824. str\u259?bate faringel e \u351?i esofagul. \par\pard\ ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are loc în 3 timpi:bu cal.(1590.\sl-198\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex111 salivar\u259?\par\pard\ql \li1278\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 În urma acestor transform\u259?ri:\par\pard\ql \li1371\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1371\sb198\sl-253\slmult0\tx5190 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex112 \ul0\nosupersub\cf9\f10\fs22 Alimentele ingerate în\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex113 mastica\u355?ie\par\pard\ql \li1371\sb40\sl-253\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex112 cavitatea bucal\u259?\par\pard\ql \li5195\sb0\s l-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li5195\sb173\sl-253\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x111 impregnare cu saliv\u259?\par\pard\column \ql \li9516\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql \li1280\sb158\sl-253\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex108 Maltoz\u259 ?\par\pard\ql \li8256\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8256\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8256\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8256\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8256\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8256\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8256\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb163\sl-253\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex112 Boluri alimentare \par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \ql \li1278\ri1351\sb356\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 Degluti\u355?ia-totalitatea proceselor prin care bolul alimentar.(0. produs de \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 glandele gastrice.866). {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop6857\shpright2612\shpbottom6857\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3256\shptop2548\shpright4846\shpbottom3414\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz337\shplid1 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1590}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 866}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8. f ormat în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cavitatea bucal\u259?.4.16384. substan\u355?e \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri193 8\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 anorganice(HCL.45824.45824. ajungând în \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 stomac. fosfa\u355?i de Ca.1.cloruri de Na.0). l abfermentul.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3256\shptop3744\shpright4846\shpbottom3838\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz339\shplid2 .866). Mg) \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 substan\u355?e organice(e nzime.1. ac\u355?iune \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 antiseptic\u259?.10.(1590. mucus).1. \par\pard\qj \l i1278\ri1458\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Activitatea secret orie-const\u259? în secre\u355?ia de suc gastric. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1244\ sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -con\u355?ine enzime proteolitice :-pepsinogenul inactiv devine \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pepsina activ\u259?. K. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri2029\sb12\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 -rolul HCL:activeaz\u259? enzimele proteolitice din sucul \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 gastric.24577.45824. esofagian.

1.1.45824.(0.45824.45824.(0.(0.24577.16384.(1590.(20.1.24577.330).94).45824.1.(0.10.4.45824.1.0).1.(1128.(1128.45824.45824.1.330).4.45824.{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1590}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 94}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(20.0).45824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3256\shptop3414\shpright4384\shpbottom3744\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz341\shplid3 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1128}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 330}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.1.(20.(1590.4.1.(0.16384.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.(0.1.1.1.(0.1.(0.0).24577.16384.0).16384.1290).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4838\shptop3744\shpright4846\shpbottom3838\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz380\shplid6 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 8}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 94}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.4.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3256\shptop2548\shpright4846\shpbottom2568\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz382\shplid7 .0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(8.4.10.45824.45824.10.45824.(0.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3256\shptop2548\shpright3276\shpbottom3838\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz376\shplid4 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 1290}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0).45824.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.866).866).(20.94).24577.45824.10.94).1.1290).45824.45824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4838\shptop2548\shpright4858\shpbottom3414\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz378\shplid5 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 866}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.10.(8.45824.(0.24577.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.94).16384.

1126).45824.(0.1126).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11752\shptop2548\shpright11772\shpbottom3674\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz400\shplid11 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 1126}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.20).1.(0.20).45824.45824.45824.0).45824.45824.1.24577.(2400.(0.10.(0.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(2400.10.45824.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.1.(1590.4.45824.16384.1126).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9360\shptop2548\shpright11760\shpbottom3674\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz387\shplid9 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2400}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 1126}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.(0.1.{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1590}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.24577.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9360\shptop2548\shpright9380\shpbottom3674\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz398\shplid10 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 1126}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9360\shptop2548\shpright11760\shpbottom2568\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz402\shplid12 .1.1.45824.4.(20.16384.1.1126).1.1.45824.0).0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(20.45824.0).1126).(1590.10.20).(1590.(0.(0.1.(20.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3256\shptop3829\shpright4846\shpbottom3849\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz384\shplid8 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1590}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.0).24577.0).(0.(0.1.4.45824.24577.10.(1590.20).45824.1126).24577.(0.10.45824.45824.4.4.(20.1.45824.16384.16384.

(4184.45824.98)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.1.4.16384.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(300.450).45824.(2400.45 824.(0.10).(0.45824.10.(0.1.1.24).1.1.45824.(2400.(0.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.45824.1.24577.(0 .(0.16384.20).(0.(0.24577.1.(0.45824.0).0).1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5670\shptop2548\shpright7740\shpbottom2998\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz438\shplid16 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2070}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 450}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(2400.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7620\shptop2871\shpright7920\shpbottom3071\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz423\shplid15 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 300}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.16384.1.45824.1.14).45824.200).20).45824.4.98).(4184.45824.45824.24577.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9360\shptop3665\shpright11760\shpbottom3685\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz404\shplid13 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2400}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.45824.20).4.1.(0.1.(300.1.(2070.45824.(4184.24577.(2070.(2.10.(2400.7.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5670\shptop2548\shpright5690\shpbottom2998\shpfhdr0\shp .1.14)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.10.4.24577.{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2400}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.6).45824.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3496\shptop2965\shpright7680\shpbottom2989\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz417\shplid14 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 4184}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 24}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.45824.450).0).(0.1.1.20).45824.10.45824.16.45824.45824.45824.0).20).16384.0).

(2070.(0.494).20).1.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(0.10.1.16384.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7732\shptop2548\shpright7752\shpbottom2998\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz449\shplid18 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 450}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.450).45824.10.45824.45824.45824.1.0).(0.45824.(2070.45824.16384.1.45824.(0.450).45824.0).0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.24577.(0.20).(2070.10.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.(0.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5670\shptop2989\shpright7740\shpbottom3009\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz453\shplid20 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2070}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.16384.(2070.(2326.0).4.45824.24577.(20.4.(0.(0.20).0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.(20.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5670\shptop2548\shpright7740\shpbottom2568\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz451\shplid19 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2070}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.45824.24577.45824.45824.450).(2326.20).1.24577.4.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4230\shptop3331\shpright6556\shpbottom3825\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz456\shplid21 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2326}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 494}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0).(0.4.45824.1.494).45824.45824.450).4.1.1.1.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz447\shplid17 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 450}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.1.45824.0).10.24577.1.(20.45824.(20.16384.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4230\shptop3331\shpright4250\shpbottom3825\shpfhdr0\shp .(0.45824.1.10.1.

45824.(2326.20).45824.20).45824.1.16384.(0.(3494.(20.45824.45824.4.45824.(0.10.16384.(2326.(0.(0.1.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.4.20).4.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz465\shplid22 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 494}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(0.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1216\shptop4824\shpright1236\shpbottom6370\shpfhdr0\shp .(2326.45824.10.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1216\shptop4824\shpright4710\shpbottom6370\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz474\shplid26 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 3494}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 1546}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0).10.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4230\shptop3331\shpright6556\shpbottom3351\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz469\shplid24 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2326}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.45824.10.494).16384.24577.1546).(0.0).0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.45824.0).(0.16384.45824.20).(0.0).0).494).16384.1.1.24577.1.494).1.(0.4.(20.45824.10.(2326.4.(3494.1.(20.45824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6548\shptop3331\shpright6568\shpbottom3825\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz467\shplid23 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 494}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.(20.45824.45824.(0.24577.45824.1.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4230\shptop3818\shpright6556\shpbottom3838\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz471\shplid25 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2326}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1546).45824.45824.494).24577.1.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.24577.1.1.1.

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32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8100\shptop4734\shpright10680\shpbottom4754\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz515\shplid34 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2580}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.(20.45824.1440).24577.16384.45824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8100\shptop6166\shpright10680\shpbottom6186\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz517\shplid35 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2580}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.45824.(0.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.(0.10.45824.474).(0.10.24577.(0.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz511\shplid32 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 1440}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.20).10.(2596.474).1440).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop4824\shpright5060\shpbottom5298\shpfhdr0\shp .0).1440).0).0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.24577.(2580.4.(2580.4.1.16384.(20.45824.1440).45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.1.16384.45824.45824.45824.45824.45824.(2596.1.20).0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(0.(0.(20.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(0.45824.1.10.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft10672\shptop4734\shpright10692\shpbottom6174\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz513\shplid33 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 1440}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.20).1.45824.4.1.1.10.(0.1.(20.20).(0.4.24577.45824.16384.45824.0).45824.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop4824\shpright7636\shpbottom5298\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz520\shplid36 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2596}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 474}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.4.0).1.(2580.(0.(2580.1.1.24577.0).

32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7628\shptop4824\shpright7648\shpbottom5298\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz531\shplid38 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 474}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(2596.0).0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.24577.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop5796\shpright7816\shpbottom6358\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz538\shplid41 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2776}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 562}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.24577.1.10.1.(0.(0.(0.45824.(2596.4.4.20).20).45824.(20.1.45824.1.0).16384.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.45824.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz529\shplid37 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 474}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(20.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(2776.20).474).474).(0.24577.(2596.(0.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 167772 15}}{\sp{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop5796\shpright5060\shpbottom6358\shpfhdr0\shp .0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.24577.(0.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop5290\shpright7636\shpbottom5310\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz535\shplid40 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2596}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.(20.(2776.(0.(20.4.4.16384.45824.45824.1.1.45824.0).45824.0).45824.1.(0.16384.562).10.45824.10.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.24577.10.16384.16384.45824.45824.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop4824\shpright7636\shpbottom4844\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz533\shplid39 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2596}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(0.45824.4.(0.(2596.45824.474).45824.45824.1.1.45824.1.562).10.45824.20).0).474).1.1.

45824.24577.24577.45824.20).45824.4.1.4.1.562).16384.1.45824.10.(0.45824.45824.1.7.(0.1.45824.(2776.6).(20.20).16.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.(0.(0.45824.(20.20).(20.562).45824.(0.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.10).(0.1.562).4.45824.45824.10.45 824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop6350\shpright7816\shpbottom6370\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz553\shplid45 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2776}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.(3152.0).bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz547\shplid42 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 562}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(2776.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4710\shptop5490\shpright7862\shpbottom5514\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz566\shplid46 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 3152}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 24}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.16384.1.0).45824.(0.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7808\shptop5796\shpright7828\shpbottom6358\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz549\shplid43 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 562}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0).1.(3152.4.45824.24577.1.45824.20).45824.14)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.24).1.1.14).0).(0.1.16384.562).32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} .10.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.1.45824.(0.45824.16384.1.0).45824.1.45824.24577.45824.1.24577.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(0 .(0.1.(0.(2776.(2776.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop5796\shpright7816\shpbottom5816\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz551\shplid44 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2776}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.10.(3152.(20.20).45824.

200).(3106.10.16384.(0.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.(3106.98)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(298.1.24577. fri\u351?c\u259?.45824.1.1.(0.1.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6752\shptop6040\shpright7050\shpbottom6238\shpfhdr0\shp .14).(0.(3106.45824.(0. ou\u259?\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 gastric\u259?\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \p ar\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1386\sb49\sl-400\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Activitatea motorie-este asigurat\u259? de 2 tip uri de contrac\u355?ii:tonice \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 peristaltice.{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7802\shptop5396\shpright8100\shpbottom5596\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz572\shplid47 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri2437\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mi \u351?c\u259?rile tonice prin care stomacul se umple cu \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 alimente.45824.45824.16384.45824.45824.45824.0).16.(298.20).1.1.1. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1067\sb12\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -mi\u351?c\u259?rile peristaltice prin care alimentele se amestec\u259 ? cu \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sucul gastric \u351?i se formeaz\u259? chimul g astric care se \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 evacueaz\u259? lent \u351?i fra c\u355?ionat în duoden.6).4.(0 .32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g63}{\bkmkend Pg63}\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\ par\pard\li1278\sb345\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3803\tx6344 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Proteine\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 pepsina\ tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Albumoze \u351?i peptone\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb118\sl-368\slmu lt0\fi0\tx6863 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Cazeinogen(solubil) labferment\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Paracazeinat de Ca\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult 0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb119\sl-368\slmult0\fi0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Gelatina gelatinaza Gelatina lichefiat\u259?\pa r\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1 278\sb117\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx5173\tx6542 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Lipide em ulsionate din\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 lipaza\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex96 acizi gra\u351?i \u351?i glicerin\u259?\par\pard\li1278\sb242\sl-368\slmult 0\fi0\tx4956 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 lapte.10).(0.24577.1.45824.45824. \par\pard\ql \li4761\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li476 1\sb77\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Activitate secretorie \par\par d\li1278\sb253\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx8298 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Boluri alim entare\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Chim gastric\par\pard\ql \li4918\sb231\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Activitatea motorie \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 DIG ESTIA INTESTINAL\u258? {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3706\shptop6120\shpright6812\shpbottom6144\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz191\shplid0 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 3106}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 24}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0).24).98).7.45 824.

(0.(2446.45824.24).32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4456\shptop5044\shpright4756\shpbottom5244\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz223\shplid3 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 300}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.200).24).(298.(2446.7.45824.1.102)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.0).16.(3062.(0.4.(0.45824.16.4).100)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.24577.45824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3616\shptop4084\shpright6678\shpbottom4108\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz243\shplid4 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 3062}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 24}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.24577.0).(0.(2446.99)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.0).1.(0.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6618\shptop3989\shpright6916\shpbottom4189\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz249\shplid5 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(0.10.24577.1.1.10).(0.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.100).45824.10.18).20).45824.1.16384.1.(3062.16384.(3062.99).(298.(300.(298.0).45824.10.45824.(300.1.16384.45824.16384.1.10).(2.45824.4.(0.0).bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz197\shplid1 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 198}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} .45 824.1.45824.1.102).45824.(0 .45824.(298.45824.14)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2070\shptop5126\shpright4516\shpbottom5150\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz217\shplid2 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2446}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 24}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.(0.1.1.5).45824.45824.45824.45824.(0.1.1.45824.45824.45 824.1.198).7.14).200).(0 .24577.14).45824.4.24577.45824.(0.1.1.45824.1.1.

(0.45824.16384.7. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb223\sl-368\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf2\f3\fs32 Secre\u355?ia biliar\u259?-bila(fierea): \par\pard\ql \li2717\s b52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este secretat\u259? de ficat \u3 .10.99).45824.10.(298.1.45824.0).10).(0.(0.45824.1.24577.1.1.1.45824.20).100)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16.1.45824.45824.1.(3346.1.0).45824.1.45824.45824. pancreatic\u259? \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 intestinal\u259? .45824.10.1.24577.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(4006.200).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6106\shptop2704\shpright6404\shpbottom2901\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz275\shplid7 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 197}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7770\shptop12577\shpright8070\shpbottom12777\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz301\shplid9 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 300}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.5).16384.16384.(0 .4.45824.24577.197).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g64}{\bkmkend Pg64}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1601\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Digestia intestinal\u259? este rezulta tul activit\u259?\u355?ii secretorii \u351?i motorii a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 intestinului sub\u355?ire.(0.0).100).14).45 824.4.(0.45824. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2027\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Activitatea secretorie-const\u259? în secre\u355?ia bil iar\u259?.4.24).45824.(0.(3346.(298.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3824\shptop12672\shpright7830\shpbottom12696\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz295\shplid8 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 4006}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 24}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.1.1.45824.(0.(300.{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2820\shptop2798\shpright6166\shpbottom2818\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz269\shplid6 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 3346}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.20).99)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.45824.(2.14)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.24577.(4006.(4006.45824.0).45824.20).(300.16384.(0.1.

\par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1388\sb10\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 -rolul s\u259?rurilor biliare:emulsionarea gr\u259?similor.0).(0 .28).1. s\u259?ruri \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 biliare.24577. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nu con\u355?ine enzime.1.1.45824. lecitina.45824.10).(300. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri13 52\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -enzimele sunt proteolitice-tr ipsinogen(devine tripsin\u259? în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 intestin sub ac\u355 ?iunea ac\u355?iunea enterokinazei).96).1.0).1.45 824.(2910.(0.16.16384.32).(300.1. a ctivitatea enzimelor lipolitice.1.45824. carboxipeptidazele \u351?i \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1138\ sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 elastaza.(2.1.45824.10.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2850\shptop14276\shpright6316\shpbottom14300\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz393\shplid2 .lipolitice-lipaza pancre atic\u259? \u351?i amilolitice-amilaza \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pancreatic\u2 59?.24577.96)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb23\sl-368\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \e xpndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Secre\u355?ia pancreatic\u259 ?-sucul pancreatic: \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri2099\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -este secretat de partea exocrin\u259? a pancreasului \u351?i \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ac\u355?ioneaz\u259? în duoden.16384.45824.45824.51?i ac\u355?ioneaz\u259? în duoden.7.45824. absorb\u355?ia \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 gr\u259?similor din intestin.45824.38). \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri2715\sb439\sl-613\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 5 Albumoze \u351?i peptone tripsina/chimotripsina Peptide \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex95 Peptide carboxipeptidaze Tripeptide \u351?i dipeptide \line \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex95 Proteine fibroase elastaza Proteine fibroase hidrol izate \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex93 Amidon crud amilaza pancreatic\u259? M altoz\u259? \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 5 Lipide emulsionate lipaza pancreatic\u259? Glicerol \u351?i acizi gra\u3 51?i {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3840\shptop14882\shpright6750\shpbottom14920\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz367\shplid0 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2910}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 38}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1673\sb0\sl-420\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -con\u355?ine pigmen\u355?i biliari(bilirubina \u3 51?i biliverdina).28)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(0.45824. colesterol.(0.4.45824. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb4 7\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -con\u355?ine substan\u355?e anorga nice(bicarbonatul care \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1406\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 contribuie la neutralizarea chimului gastric) \u351?i substan\ u355?e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 organice(enzimele).(0.4).198).32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6690\shptop14788\shpright6990\shpbottom14986\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz373\shplid1 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 300}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 198}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 chimotrip sinogen(devine chimotripsina activ\u259? sub \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 a c\u355?iunea tripsinei).(2910.(2910.

{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;7;(0,14);(3466,0);(3466,6);(3466,10);(0,24);(0,20);(0
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{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;16;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
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}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6256\shptop14182\shpright6556\shpbottom14382\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz399\shplid3
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;4;(300,98);(0,0);(2,200);(300,98)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;10;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;24577;32768}
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}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2850\shptop13658\shpright6466\shpbottom13710\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz419\shplid4
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;7;(0,0);(3616,42);(3616,46);(3616,52);(0,10);(0,6);(0
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{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6406\shptop13604\shpright6706\shpbottom13804\shpfhdr0\s
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{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2070\shptop13130\shpright5552\shpbottom13154\shpfhdr0\s
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{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5492\shptop13050\shpright5790\shpbottom13247\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz451\shplid7
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;4;(298,100);(0,0);(0,197);(298,100)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;10;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;24577;32768}
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p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3660\shptop12497\shpright7862\shpbottom12522\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz471\shplid8
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
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{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;6;(0,15);(4202,0);(4202,7);(0,25);(0,20);(0,15)}}
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p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7802\shptop12404\shpright8100\shpbottom12604\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz477\shplid9
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
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{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P
g65}{\bkmkend Pg65}\par\pard\ql \li2358\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2358\s
b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2358\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2358\sb0
\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2358\sb344\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal
ex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Secre\u35
5?ia intestinal\u259?: \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1025\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expn
dtw0\charscalex96 -glandele din mucoasa duodenal\u259? secret\u259? un lichid
bogat \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 în mucus \u351?i bicarbonat \par\pard\ql \li2717
\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -enzimele sunt prezente la nive
lul membranei apicale a \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1121\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \ex
pndtw0\charscalex97 enterocitelor \u351?i sunt reprezentate prin enzime proteoli
tice\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 peptidaze;amilolitice-dizaharidaze;lipolitice-li
paza. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri2396\sb65\sl-830\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9
4 Tripeptide \u351?i dipeptide
peptidaze Aminoacizi \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch
arscalex90 Dizaharide
dizahazidaze
Monozaharid \line \up0 \expndtw0\
charscalex91 Lipide
lipaza intestinal\u259?
Acizi gra\u351?i \u351?i g
licerol \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1617\sb146
\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Activitatea motorie-este asigurat\u2
59? de 3 tipuri de contrac\u355?ii:tonice, \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 peristalt
ice \u351?i segmentare; \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1169\sb211\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \e
xpndtw0\charscalex97 -mi\u351?c\u259?rile peristaltice sunt unde de contrac\u355
?ie circular\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 care se propag\u259? de-a l
ungul intestinului spre colon; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mi\u351?c\u259
?rile segmentare constau în contrac\u355?ii inelare care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex
97 apar la intervale regulate, de-a lungul intestinului, apoi se \up0 \expndtw0\

charscalex97 relxeaz\u259? \u351?i apar alte contrac\u355?ii circulare la mijloc
ul \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 segmentelor dintre contrac\u355?iile precen
dente.Amestec\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 chimul gastric cu secre\u3
55?iile digestive \u351?i transport\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 con\
u355?inutul intestinal spre colon. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\
pard\ql\li2717\sb77\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În urma acestor tra
nsform\u259?ri: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca
lex95 Chimul gastric
activitate secretorie/act. motorie Chil intestinal \pa
r\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par
\pard\ql\li1278\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub
\cf1\f2\fs32 ABSORB\u354?IA INTESTINAL\u258?
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2970\shptop13686\shpright8386\shpbottom13710\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz271\shplid0
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
\sn geoRight}{\sv 5416}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 24}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;7;(0,14);(5416,0);(5416,6);(5416,10);(0,24);(0,20);(0
,14)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;16;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45
824;1;45824;24577;32768}}
{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8326\shptop13592\shpright8624\shpbottom13790\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz277\shplid1
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
\sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 198}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;4;(298,98);(0,0);(0,198);(298,98)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;10;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;24577;32768}
}
{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4784\shptop6962\shpright8702\shpbottom7000\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz297\shplid2
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
\sn geoRight}{\sv 3918}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 38}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;7;(0,0);(3918,28);(3918,34);(3918,38);(0,10);(0,6);(0
,0)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;16;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45
824;1;45824;24577;32768}}
{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8642\shptop6896\shpright8940\shpbottom7094\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz303\shplid3
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
\sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 198}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;4;(298,102);(0,0);(0,198);(298,102)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;10;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;24577;32768}
}
{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}

}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5220\shptop6116\shpright9540\shpbottom6140\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz323\shplid4
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
\sn geoRight}{\sv 4320}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 24}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;6;(0,0);(4320,14);(4320,20);(4320,24);(0,10);(0,0)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;14;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45
824;24577;32768}}
{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9480\shptop6036\shpright9778\shpbottom6236\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz329\shplid5
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
\sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;4;(298,100);(0,0);(0,200);(298,100)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;10;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;24577;32768}
}
{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4890\shptop5286\shpright9316\shpbottom5338\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz349\shplid6
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
\sn geoRight}{\sv 4426}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 52}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;6;(0,0);(4426,42);(4426,52);(0,10);(0,4);(0,0)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;14;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45
824;24577;32768}}
{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9256\shptop5231\shpright9556\shpbottom5431\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz355\shplid7
{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{
\sn geoRight}{\sv 300}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}}
{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8;4;(300,103);(2,0);(0,200);(300,103)}}
{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2;10;16384;45824;1;45824;1;45824;1;45824;24577;32768}
}
{\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s
p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s
p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}
}}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P
g66}{\bkmkend Pg66}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\s
b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1279\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0
\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Absorb\u355?ia reprezint\u259? procesu
l prin care produ\u351?ii simpli, rezulta\u355?i din \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsc
alex98 digestie, str\u259?bat pere\u355?ii tubului digestiv, trecând în sânge \u351?i
limf\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-4
00\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri2524\sb17\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca
lex97 Adapt\u259?ri ale mucoasei intestinale pt. realizarea func\u355?iei de \up
0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 absorb\u355?ie: \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb247\sl-368\slmul
t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -epiteliu unistratificat; \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb
32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -enterocite cu microvili la polul

\par\pard\qj \li2717\ri2704\sb 0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -substan\u355?ele trec din lumenul intestinal-de la o \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 concentra\u355?ie mai mare.apical. în sânge sau limf\u259?-la o \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 concentra\u355?ie mai mic\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb2 47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Absorb\u355?ia proteinelor \par\pa rd\li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Proteine\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 Mecanismul absorb\u355?iei\par\pard\li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx620 5 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Aminoacizi\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -activ-în sânge\par\pard\li1278\sb190\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Proteine\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Prin vezicule de pinocitoz\u259?\par\p ard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278 \sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb310\sl-368\slmult0\fi0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 Absorb\u355?ia glucidelor\par\pard\li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx78 47 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Glucide\tab \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 Mecanismul {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop10355\shpright4232\shpbottom10355\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz204\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop10650\shpright6095\shpbottom10650\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz215\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop10650\shpright11024\shpbottom10650\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz218\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop11207\shpright6095\shpbottom11207\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz221\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop11207\shpright11024\shpbottom11207\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz224\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop11767\shpright6095\shpbottom11767\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz227\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop11767\shpright11024\shpbottom11767\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz230\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l . \l ine \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -contrac\u355?ia vilozit\u259?\u355?ilor mobiliz eaz\u259? produ\u351?ii absorbi\u355?i. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1797\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 -vilozit\u259?\u355?i intestinale cu capilare sanguine \u351?i limfatice. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri2206\sb20\sl-400 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c)prin vezicule de pinocitoz\u259?-la nivel ul membranei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 enterocitelor. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Absorb\u355?ia se realizeaz\u259? prin urm\u259?to arele mecanisme: \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 a)pasive-f\u259?r\u259? consum de energie. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 împo triva gradientului de concentra\u355?ie. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri2331\sb17\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b)a ctive-cu consum de energie furnizat\u259? de ATP.

ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop12325\shpright6095\shpbottom12325\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz233\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop12325\shpright11024\shpbottom12325\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz236\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop10650\shpright1168\shpbottom11207\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz239\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop11207\shpright1168\shpbottom11767\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz242\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop11767\shpright1168\shpbottom12325\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz245\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop10651\shpright6095\shpbottom11207\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz248\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop11207\shpright6095\shpbottom11767\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz251\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop11767\shpright6095\shpbottom12325\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz254\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop10650\shpright11024\shpbottom11207\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz257\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop11207\shpright11024\shpbottom11767\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz260\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop11767\shpright11024\shpbottom12325\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz263\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop13867\shpright4090\shpbottom13867\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz331\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l .

ineWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14160\shpright7737\shpbottom14160\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz342\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop14160\shpright11024\shpbottom14160\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz345\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14720\shpright7737\shpbottom14720\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz348\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop14720\shpright11024\shpbottom14720\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz351\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14160\shpright1168\shpbottom14720\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz354\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop14161\shpright7737\shpbottom14720\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz357\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop14160\shpright11024\shpbottom14720\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz360\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g67}{\bkmkend Pg67}\par\pard\ql \li7847\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li7847\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li7847\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li7847\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 absorb\ u355?iei\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw7687\colsr160\colno2\colw4 253\colsr160\ql \li1278\sb201\sl-368\slmult0\tx4558 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Pentoze\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Riboza\par\p ard\ql \li1278\sb193\sl-368\slmult0\tx4558 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hexoze\ta b \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Glucoza\par\pard\ql \li4563\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Fructoza\par\pard\ql \li4563\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Galactoza\par\pard\ql \li4563\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Manoza\par\pard\column \ql \li21\sb201\sl-368\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pasiv-în sânge\par\pard\ql \li21\sb193\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -activ-în sânge\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1552\sb207\sl-411\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cu un transportor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 co mun cu Na \par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li127 8\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb303\sl -368\slmult0\fi0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Absorb\u355?ia lipidelor\par\pard\s ect\sectd\sbknone \li1278\sb244\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Lipide\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Mecanis mul absorb\u355?iei\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \li1278\sb190\sl-368\slmult0\fi0 \tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Glicerol\tab \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pasiv-în sânge\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \li1278\sb193\sl -368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Acizii gra\u351?i cu lan\u35 .

D\par\pard\li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0\fi2235 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Pas iv-în restul intestinului\par\pard\li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3513 \up0 \ex pndtw-4\charscalex100 Fe\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs28\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs27 2+\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Activ-în jejun \u351?i ile on. stimulat de vit.C\par\pard\li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3513 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex96 Apa\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Pasiv-în intestinul sub\u3 55?ire \u351?i gros {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop1999\shpright4453\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz21\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop1999\shpright7737\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz24\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop1999\shpright11024\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop2558\shpright4453\shpbottom2558\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop2558\shpright7737\shpbottom2558\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop2558\shpright11024\shpbottom2558\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4949\shpright4453\shpbottom4949\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop4949\shpright7737\shpbottom4949\shpfhdr0\shp .5? scurt\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pasiv-în sânge\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \li1278\sb190\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Acizii gra\u 351?i cu lan\u355? lung\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pasiv-în limf\u259? sub form\u259? de\par\pard\li1278\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi4927 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 chilomicroni\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0\par\pard\li1278\sb66\sl-368\slmult0\fi0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Abso rb\u355?ia electroli\u355?ilor \u351?i a apei\par\pard\li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmul t0\fi0\tx3513 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Electroli\ u355?i\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Mecanismul absorb\u355?iei\par\pard\li127 8\sb191\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx3513 \up0 \expndtw-4\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf2\f3\fs32 Na\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs28\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs27 +\tab \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Activ-în intestinul sub\u355?ire \u35 1?i în colon\par\pard\li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\fi0 \up0 \expndtw-4\charscalex10 0 Cl\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs28\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs27 +\par\pard\li1278\sb189\sl368\slmult0\fi0\tx3513 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Ca\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs28\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs27 2+\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Activ-la nivelul duodenului. în prezen\u355?a v it.

bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop4949\shpright11024\shpbottom4949\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1441\shpright1168\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1999\shpright1168\shpbottom2558\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop2558\shpright1168\shpbottom4949\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop2001\shpright4453\shpbottom2558\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop2558\shpright4453\shpbottom4949\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop1441\shpright7737\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop1999\shpright7737\shpbottom2558\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop2558\shpright7737\shpbottom4949\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom1999\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1999\shpright11024\shpbottom2558\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop2558\shpright11024\shpbottom4949\shpfhdr0\s .

hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop6491\shpright3822\shpbottom6491\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz202\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop6784\shpright6095\shpbottom6784\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz213\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop6784\shpright11024\shpbottom6784\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz216\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop7344\shpright6095\shpbottom7344\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz219\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop7344\shpright11024\shpbottom7344\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz222\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop7902\shpright6095\shpbottom7902\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz225\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop7902\shpright11024\shpbottom7902\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz228\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop8462\shpright6095\shpbottom8462\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz231\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop8462\shpright11024\shpbottom8462\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz234\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9432\shpright6095\shpbottom9432\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz237\shplid29{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9432\shpright11024\shpbottom9432\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz240\shplid30{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop6784\shpright1168\shpbottom7344\shpfhdr0\shp .

bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz243\shplid31{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop7344\shpright1168\shpbottom7902\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz246\shplid32{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop7902\shpright1168\shpbottom8462\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz249\shplid33{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop8462\shpright1168\shpbottom9432\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz252\shplid34{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop6785\shpright6095\shpbottom7344\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz255\shplid35{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop7344\shpright6095\shpbottom7902\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz258\shplid36{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop7902\shpright6095\shpbottom8462\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz261\shplid37{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop8462\shpright6095\shpbottom9432\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz264\shplid38{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop6784\shpright11024\shpbottom7344\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz267\shplid39{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop7344\shpright11024\shpbottom7902\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz270\shplid40{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop7902\shpright11024\shpbottom8462\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz273\shplid41{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop8462\shpright11024\shpbottom9432\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz276\shplid42{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop10361\shpright5617\shpbottom10361\shpfhdr0\s .

hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz376\shplid43{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop10654\shpright3403\shpbottom10654\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz387\shplid44{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop10654\shpright11024\shpbottom10654\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz390\shplid45{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop11214\shpright3403\shpbottom11214\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz393\shplid46{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop11214\shpright11024\shpbottom11214\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz396\shplid47{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop11771\shpright3403\shpbottom11771\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz399\shplid48{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop12331\shpright3403\shpbottom12331\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz402\shplid49{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop12331\shpright11024\shpbottom12331\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz405\shplid50{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop13501\shpright3403\shpbottom13501\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz408\shplid51{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop13501\shpright11024\shpbottom13501\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz411\shplid52{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop14060\shpright3403\shpbottom14060\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz414\shplid53{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop14060\shpright11024\shpbottom14060\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz417\shplid54{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14620\shpright3403\shpbottom14620\shpfhdr0\s .

hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz420\shplid55{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop14620\shpright11024\shpbottom14620\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz423\shplid56{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop10654\shpright1168\shpbottom11214\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz426\shplid57{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop11214\shpright1168\shpbottom11771\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz429\shplid58{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop11771\shpright1168\shpbottom12331\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz432\shplid59{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop12331\shpright1168\shpbottom13501\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz435\shplid60{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop13501\shpright1168\shpbottom14060\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz438\shplid61{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14060\shpright1168\shpbottom14620\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz441\shplid62{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop10655\shpright3403\shpbottom11214\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz444\shplid63{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop11214\shpright3403\shpbottom11771\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz447\shplid64{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop11771\shpright3403\shpbottom12331\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz450\shplid65{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop12331\shpright3403\shpbottom13501\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz453\shplid66{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop13501\shpright3403\shpbottom14060\shpfhdr0\s .

K.E\par\pard\column \ql \li21\sb253\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Mecanismul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f s32 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 absorb\u355?iei\par\pard\ql \li21\sb192\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Activîn sânge\par\pa rd\qj \li7055\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li21\ri1436\sb158\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pasiv-în limf\u259? sub form\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 de chilomicroni \par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slm ult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb48\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FIZIOLOGIA INTESTINU LUI GROS \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 În intestinul gros se desf\u259?\u351?oar\u259? activit \u259?\u355?i secretorii.D.B6. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb213\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 Activitatea secretorie const\u259? în: \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri2065 . motorii.B12\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmu lt0\tx4075 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Liposolubile\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 Vitaminele A.B2. de \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1422\sb0\sl-420\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 absorb\u355?ie.hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz456\shplid67{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3403\shptop14060\shpright3403\shpbottom14620\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz459\shplid68{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop10654\shpright11024\shpbottom11214\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz462\shplid69{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop11214\shpright11024\shpbottom12331\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz465\shplid70{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop12331\shpright11024\shpbottom13501\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz468\shplid71{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop13501\shpright11024\shpbottom14060\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz471\shplid72{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop14060\shpright11024\shpbottom14620\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz474\shplid73{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g68}{\bkmkend Pg68}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Absorb\ u355?ia vitaminelor\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw6895\colsr160\c olno2\colw5045\colsr160\ql \li1278\sb253\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Vitamine\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult 0\tx4075 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Hidrosolubile\t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Vitaminele\par\pard\ql \li4080\sb42\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 B1. procese de fermenta\u355?ie \u3 51?i de putrefac\u355?ie în urma c\u259?rora \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 se formea z\u259? materiile fecale.

\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb47 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -secre\u355?ia de potasiu. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop1757\shpright4266\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz20\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop2051\shpright6945\shpbottom2051\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz31\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6945\shptop2051\shpright11024\shpbottom2051\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz34\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop2609\shpright3970\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz37\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3970\shptop2609\shpright6945\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz40\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6945\shptop2609\shpright11024\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz43\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop3579\shpright3970\shpbottom3579\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz46\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3970\shptop3579\shpright6945\shpbottom3579\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz49\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6945\shptop3579\shpright11024\shpbottom3579\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz52\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} . sta\u355?ionare(în colonul proximal) \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 care favorizeaz\ u259? absorb\u355?ia apei.\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -producerea de mucus cu rol în f ormarea materiilor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fecale. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1211\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -mi\u351?c\u259?ri segmentare \u351?i unde peristaltice(în c olonul distal) \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cu efect propulsiv. \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 Activitatea motorie const\u259? în: \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri16 37\sb146\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contrac\u355?ii segmentare. Cl. \par\pard \ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Activitatea de abso rb\u355?ie const\u259? în: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3975\sb24\sl-620\slmult0\fi1439 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -absorb\u355?ia apei(pasiv). Na+(activ). puternice(în colonul \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1352\sb10\sl-420\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 descendent \u351?i sigmoid) propulseaz\u259? c on\u355?inutul colonului \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 spre rect. \par\pard\ql \li2 717\sb3\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contrac\u355?ii \u8222?în mas\ u259?\u8221? rare.

}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4549\shpright3970\shpbottom4549\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz55\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3970\shptop4549\shpright6945\shpbottom4549\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz58\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6945\shptop4549\shpright11024\shpbottom4549\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz61\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop2051\shpright1168\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz64\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop2609\shpright1168\shpbottom3579\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz67\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop3579\shpright1168\shpbottom4549\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz70\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3970\shptop2611\shpright3970\shpbottom3579\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz73\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3970\shptop3579\shpright3970\shpbottom4549\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz76\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6945\shptop2053\shpright6945\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz79\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6945\shptop2609\shpright6945\shpbottom3579\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz82\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6945\shptop3579\shpright6945\shpbottom4549\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz85\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop2051\shpright11024\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz88\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} .

indol. care se reabsorb \u351?i aju ng la ficat. stâng\u259? a colonului transvers \u351?i colonul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 descendent): \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1263\sb212\sl-410\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -scindeaz\u259? proteinele nedigerate în amine . butiric) \u351?i gaze(Co2. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 amoniac. scatol. \par\pard\qj \li2717\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par \pard\qj\li2717\ri1247\sb17\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTARE DE IGIEN\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE A \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 SISTEMULUI DIGESTIV\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\ colno1\colw6665\colsr160\colno2\colw5275\colsr160\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb99\sl-368\slmult0\tx4907 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 BOLI \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 CAUZE\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql \li2717\sb234\sl-368\slmult0\tx4907 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Caria \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -bacteriene\par\par d\ql \li2717\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1 \f2\fs32 dentar\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb42\sl-3 . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 Procesul de putrefac\u355?ie-realizat\u259? de flora de putrefac\u355?ie \par\ pard\qj \li1278\ri1368\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 anaerob\u 259?(localizat\u259? în jum. unde sunt \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 detoxifica\u355?i. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1495\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -este un act reflex coordonat de centrii medulari \u351?i este \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex98 controlat cortical.}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop2609\shpright11024\shpbottom3579\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz91\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop3579\shpright11024\shpbottom4549\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz94\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop7523\shpright4248\shpbottom7523\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz274\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop9567\shpright4606\shpbottom9567\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz330\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop10790\shpright3910\shpbottom10790\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz362\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g69}{\bkmkend Pg69}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Procesu l de fermenta\u355?ie-realizat\u259? de flora de fermenta\u355?ie \par\pard\qj \ li1278\ri1990\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aerob\u259?(locali zat\u259? în colonul ascendent \u351?i jum\u259?tatea dreapt\u259? a \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 colonului transvers): \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -scindeaz\u259? glucidele vegetale nedigerate în acizi \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 organici(la ctic. CH4). \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sintetizeaz\u259? vitamina K \u351?i vitamine din c omplexul B. \par \pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf1\f2\fs32 Defeca\u355?ia\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 :-eliminarea materiilor fecale.

\par\pard\ql \li21\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\tx2387 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 la vârful\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sp\u259?larea\par\pard \ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx2387 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 r\u259?d\u259?c inii unui\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pe din\u355?i {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop1757\shpright4658\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz20\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop4623\shpright4552\shpbottom4623\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz108\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2607\shptop10250\shpright4802\shpbottom10250\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz263\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop10250\shpright6715\shpbottom10250\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz266\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop10250\shpright9077\shpbottom10250\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz269\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9077\shptop10250\shpright11024\shpbottom10250\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz272\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2610\shptop11220\shpright4802\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz275\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop11220\shpright6715\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz278\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li .\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 dup\u259?\par\pard\ql \li21\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\tx2387 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -granulom-\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 folosirea\par\pard\ql \li21\sb 42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pung\u259? de puroi \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 toaletei.68\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 proces care\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb45\sl-3 68\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 distruge\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb42\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u355?esuturile\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb43\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dentare\par\pard\column \ql \li6825\sb0\ sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb99\sl-368\slmult0\tx2387 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SIMPTOME\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 PR EVENIR\par\pard\ql \li2383\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 E\par \pard\ql \li21\sb191\sl-368\slmult0\tx2387 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf2\f3\fs32 -cangren\u259?.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sp\u259?lare a\par\pard\ql \li21\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\tx2387 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pe mâini\par\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 descompunere \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 înaintea\par\pard\q l \li21\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\tx2387 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a \u355?esuturilo r\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 meselor \u351?i\par\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\ slmult0\tx2387 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dentare.

neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop11220\shpright9077\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz281\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9077\shptop11220\shpright11024\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz284\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2607\shptop14865\shpright4802\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz287\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop14865\shpright6715\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz290\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop14865\shpright9077\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz293\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9077\shptop14865\shpright11024\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz296\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2607\shptop10250\shpright2607\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz299\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2607\shptop11220\shpright2607\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz302\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop10251\shpright4802\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz305\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop11220\shpright4802\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz308\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop10251\shpright6715\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz311\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop11220\shpright6715\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz314\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l .

ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9077\shptop10251\shpright9077\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz317\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9077\shptop11220\shpright9077\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz320\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop10250\shpright11024\shpbottom11220\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz323\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop11220\shpright11024\shpbottom14865\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz326\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g70}{\bkmkend Pg70}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols3\colno1\colw4752\colsr160\c olno2\colw4125\colsr160\colno3\colw2913\colsr160\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb265\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Stomatita\ul0\nosupersu b\cf2\f3\fs32 -\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 inflama\u355?ia\par\pard\qj \li2717\ri0\sb6\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 superficial\u259? a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mucoasei\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bucale\par\pard\qj \li27 17\ri0\sb158\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\f s32 Enterocolita\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 i nflama\u355?ii ale \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mucoasei\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb35 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 intestinului\par\pard\qj \li2717\ri3 4\sb10\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sub\u355?ire sau a \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 intestinului\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 gros\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Ciroza\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb45\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hepatic\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\pa r\pard\qj \li2717\ri0\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 boal\u259? cronic\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a ficatului prin \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 care se\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb37\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 distruge\par\pard\qj \li2717\ri123\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 parenchimul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hepatic\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-3 68\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb269\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Litiaza\par \pard\ql \li2717\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 biliar\u259?\ul 0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\par\pard\qj \li2717\ri0\sb8\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 prezen\u355?a unor \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 calculi(\ u8222?pietre \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u8221?)\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb36 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 în canalul\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb42\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 biliar sau\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb45\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vezica biliar\u259?\par\pard\column \ql \li6825\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6825\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6825\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1934\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 dinte\par\pard\ql \li20\sb190\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -virusuri.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ba cterii.\par\pard\ql \li1934\sb42\sl-36 .\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ro\u351?ea\u355?\u25 9?.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -leziuni.

8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -greutate în\par\pard\ql \li1934\sb44\sl-368
\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mastica\u355?ie \u351?i\par\pard\ql \li1934
\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 degluti\u355?ie.\par\pard\ql \l
i20\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -virusuri;\tab \up0
\expndtw0\charscalex97 -grea\u355?\u259?, vom\u259?;\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-3
68\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -bacterii;\tab \up0 \expndtw0\char
scalex97 -dureri\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndtw0\cha
rscalex97 -parazi\u355?i;\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 abdominale;\par\pard\q
l \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -tratament\tab \u
p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -febr\u259?;\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\tx1
938 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cu\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -diaree.\par\
pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 antibiotice\par\pa
rd\ql \li4912\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb234\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938
\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -hepatit\u259? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -lip
sa poftei de\par\pard\ql \li20\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca
lex97 cronic\u259?;\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mâncare;\par\pard\ql \li20\sb4
2\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -infec\u355?ii\tab \up0 \exp
ndtw0\charscalex97 -gre\u355?uri,\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \
up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 repetate;\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 balon\u259?
ri;\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx1938 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -al
coolism.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oboseal\u259?;\par\pard\ql \li1934\sb4
4\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -m\u259?rirea\par\pard\ql \li1934\s
b42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ficatului;\par\pard\ql \li1934\sb
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97 în bil\u259? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -febre,\par\pard\ql \li1934\sb42\
sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 frisoane;\par\pard\ql \li1934\sb43\sl
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\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li9187\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li9187\sb0
\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex
97 dup\u259?\par\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 f
iecare\par\pard\ql \li21\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mas\u25
9?;\par\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -control\p
ar\pard\qj \li21\ri1027\sb9\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 stomatolo
gi \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c periodic al \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 danturi
i;\par\pard\ql \li21\ri1062\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evit
area \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 consumului \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscale
x97 de alimente \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u351?i b\u259?uturi \line \up
0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pre reci sau \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pre fier
bin\u355?i; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1152\sb2\sl410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 conservare \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscal
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alex97 prepararea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 corect\u259? a \line \up0 \e
xpndtw0\charscalex97 alimentelor; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sp\u259?lar
ea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fructelor \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\char
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97 legumelor; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1046\sb1\s
l-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 respectarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9
7 orarului\par\pard\ql \li21\ri1028\sb3\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex
97 meselor; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea \line \up0 \expndtw0\cha
rscalex97 consumului \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 exagerat de \line \up0 \e
xpndtw0\charscalex97 alcool,cafea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tutun,
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}}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P
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8\slmult0\par\pard\li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li2717\sb103\sl-368\slmult
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32 Pancreatita\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -int
oxica\u355?ii;\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dureri\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsc
alex97 condimente\par\pard\li2717\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4912\tx6825\tx9187 \
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c\u355?ii;\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 abdominale;\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsc
alex97 ;\par\pard\li2717\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4912\tx6825\tx9187 \up0 \expn
dtw0\charscalex97 acut\u259? sau\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -alcoolism.\tab
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\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 consumului\par\pard\li2717\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\
tx6825\tx9187 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pancreasului\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsc
alex97 -sl\u259?bire.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de gr\u259?simi.\par\pard\
ql \li5120\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5120\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\q
l\li5120\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5120\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\
li5120\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5120\sb337\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw
0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CIRCULA\u354?IA \par\pard\ql \li4436\
sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 GRUPELE SANGUINE \par\pard\qj \
li1278\ri1812\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c
f2\f3\fs32 -pe suprafa\u355?a hematiilor se pot afla proteinele numite antigene\
up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 aglutinogene-A,B \u351?i D; \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri24
16\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în plasma sângelui se pot afla
proteinele numite anticorpi\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 aglutinine-alfa \u351?i b
eta. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Siste
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r\pard\ql \li1278\sb191\sl-368\slmult0\tx3245 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 0(I)\t
ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmult0\tx3245
\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 A(II)\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 A\par\pard\ql
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expndtw0\charscalex97 AB(IV)\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 AB\par\pard\column
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lex97 Pot primi de\par\pard\ql \li3962\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc
alex97 la\par\pard\ql \li20\sb191\sl-368\slmult0\tx1997\tx3967 \up0 \expndtw0\ch
arscalex97 alfa,beta\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 toate\tab \up0 \expndtw0\ch
arscalex97 0\par\pard\ql \li1992\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97
grupele\par\pard\ql \li20\sb0\sl-288\slmult0\tx3967 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97
beta\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 A \u351?i 0\par\pard\ql \li1992\sb1\sl-313
\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 A \u351?i AB\par\pard\ql \li20\sb0\sl-288\s
lmult0\tx3967 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 alfa\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 B
\u351?i 0\par\pard\ql \li1992\sb1\sl-327\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 B
\u351?i AB\par\pard\ql \li20\sb0\sl-288\slmult0\tx3967 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex
97 -\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 toate\par\pard\ql \li1992\sb1\sl-321\slmult
0\tx3967 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 AB\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 grupele
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2610\shptop3643\shpright4802\shpbottom3643\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s
v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW
idth}{\sv 1603}}
}}

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop3643\shpright6715\shpbottom3643\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop3643\shpright9077\shpbottom3643\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2607\shptop4201\shpright4802\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop4201\shpright6715\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop4201\shpright9077\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9077\shptop4201\shpright11024\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2607\shptop1441\shpright2607\shpbottom3643\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2607\shptop3643\shpright2607\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop1441\shpright4802\shpbottom3643\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4802\shptop3643\shpright4802\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop1441\shpright6715\shpbottom3643\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6715\shptop3643\shpright6715\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} .

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9077\shptop1441\shpright9077\shpbottom3643\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9077\shptop3643\shpright9077\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop9220\shpright3270\shpbottom9220\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz356\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9514\shpright3140\shpbottom9514\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz375\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3140\shptop9514\shpright5110\shpbottom9514\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz378\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5110\shptop9514\shpright7082\shpbottom9514\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz381\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7082\shptop9514\shpright9052\shpbottom9514\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz384\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9052\shptop9514\shpright11024\shpbottom9514\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz387\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop10484\shpright3140\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz390\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3140\shptop10484\shpright5110\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz393\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5110\shptop10484\shpright7082\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz396\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7082\shptop10484\shpright9052\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz399\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9052\shptop10484\shpright11024\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz402\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop13285\shpright3140\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz405\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3140\shptop13285\shpright5110\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz408\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5110\shptop13285\shpright7082\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz411\shplid29{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7082\shptop13285\shpright9052\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz414\shplid30{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9052\shptop13285\shpright11024\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz417\shplid31{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9514\shpright1168\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz420\shplid32{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop10484\shpright1168\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz423\shplid33{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3140\shptop9515\shpright3140\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz426\shplid34{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3140\shptop10484\shpright3140\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz429\shplid35{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5110\shptop9515\shpright5110\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz432\shplid36{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri 1315\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cu cantit\u259?\u355?i mi ci de sânge (sub 500 ml) se realizeaz\u259? dup\u259? shema \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 de compatibilitate la transfuzie: \par\pard\ql \li5975\sb243\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 O-O \par\pard\li4125\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\l i4125\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li4125\sb118\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx8122 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 A-A\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 B-B\par\pard\ql \li5797 \sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5797\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5797\s b114\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 AB-AB \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sistemul Rh: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb 252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Oamenii pot avea: \par\pard\qj \l i1638\ri2662\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Rh pozitiv-dac\u2 59? au pe membrana hematiilor antigenul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 D(mo\u351?te nit de la tat\u259?). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3236\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aglutinarea hematiilor-adunarea hematiilor la un loc. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 Transfuzia: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1493\sb146\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 -cu cantit\u259?\u355?i mari de sânge se realizeaz\u259? în cadrul acelea \u351?i grupe \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 (sânge izogrup). \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2129\sb52\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expn .{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5110\shptop10484\shpright5110\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz435\shplid37{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7082\shptop9515\shpright7082\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz438\shplid38{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7082\shptop10484\shpright7082\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz441\shplid39{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9052\shptop9515\shpright9052\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz444\shplid40{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9052\shptop10484\shpright9052\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz447\shplid41{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop9514\shpright11024\shpbottom10484\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz450\shplid42{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop10484\shpright11024\shpbottom13285\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz453\shplid43{\sp{\sn shapeTy pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g72}{\bkmkend Pg72}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1260\sb342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Înl\u259?n\u355?uirea aglutinogenului cu aglutinina corespunz\u259?toare(A cu alfa \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u351?i B cu beta) este incompatibil\u259? deoarece se produce reac\u355?ia \line \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 antigen-anticorp care determin\u259?: \par\pard\ql \li1278\ sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -hemoliza-distrugerea hematiilo r.

(0.4.(198.(2.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.Prin transfuz ii repetate de sânge Rh pozitiv la persoane Rh \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 negativ se produc anticorpi anti-D(anti-Rh) care vor produce \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 hemoliza.45 824.10.4).dtw0\charscalex97 -Rh negativ-dac\u259? au pe membrana hematiilor antigenul D.(302.(12.164).45824.758).45824.1.45824.(22.1.24577.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6626\shptop7130\shpright6648\shpbottom9052\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz321\shplid4 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 22}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 1922}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0).45824.(190.1.24577.1922).1922).45824.1.4.1.45824.16.45824.14.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4964\shptop7764\shpright5266\shpbottom8014\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz301\shplid3 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 302}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 250}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(1098.16384.250)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.6.45824.45 824.45824.1.(102.0).1.300)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.32768} .(1092.2).8).1.45824.(102.750).(10.(10.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6544\shptop8992\shpright6742\shpbottom9292\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz327\shplid5 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 198}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 300}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.8)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop4413\shpright2772\shpbottom4413\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz76\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1638\shptop10123\shpright3364\shpbottom10123\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz188\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5158\shptop7126\shpright6256\shpbottom7884\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz295\shplid2 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1098}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 758}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.10.(0.7.45824.1.(0.1.1.24577.45824.(0. \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Importan\u355?a cuno\u351?terii Rh-ului: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1661\sb177\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1.1.45824.1.754).45824.0).(1096.16384.1.(6.(0.45824.0).1.24577.16384.45824.300).(4.0).0). (1098.45824.250).16384.

(1012.(310.45824.16.0).45824.8).7.(0. (4.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.45824.(1014. (6.1.45824.(1502.(122.1.8).45824.1.24577.4.10.(1500.260).(0.16.0).45824.45824.45824.4).226)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(298.45824.45824.} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6928\shptop7022\shpright8430\shpbottom7820\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz347\shplid6 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1502}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 798}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.260)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.24577.45824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4888\shptop8332\shpright5906\shpbottom9122\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz373\shplid8 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1018}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 790}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.45824.156).1.226).(0.45824.1.45824.0).1.4.16384.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5794\shptop9004\shpright6092\shpbottom9264\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz379\shplid9 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 260}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.0).(2.45824.1.1.788).(298.10.7.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.782).32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8328\shptop7700\shpright8638\shpbottom7926\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz353\shplid7 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 310}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 226}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(1018.16384.45 824.45824.(2.24577.(6.1.24577.16384.45 824.45824.1.1.1.798).(310.790).786).(92.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7436\shptop8408\shpright8448\shpbottom9132\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz399\shplid10 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1012}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 724}} .45824.16384.(1496.4).1.45824.1.(0.176).(4.794).

avort precoce). Imunitatea specific\u259?(dobândit\u259?): \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupers .7.1.1.Imunitatea nespecific\u259?(înn \u259?scut\u259?): \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\ fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este prezent\u259? la to\u355?i oamen ii.(4. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri5177\sb54\s l-600\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 I.1.45 824. dar la sarcinile urm\u259?toare se pot produce \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 accidente de incompatibilitate(distrugerea hematiilor fâtului-icter \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hemolitic.45824.45824. \par\pard\ ql \li5292\sb246\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\ f2\fs32 IMUNITATEA \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\s b0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\ri1222\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 Imunitatea\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 reprezint\u259? capacitatea organismului de a recunoa\u351?te \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i de a neutr aliza particule sau celule str\u259?ine acestuia.254).4).24577.45824. numite anti corpi.724).45824. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1827\sb190\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 O rganismul uman folose\u351?te împotriva factorilor biologici din \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 mediul extern 2 sisteme:imunitatea nespecific\u259? \u351?i imunitate a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 specific\u259?.{\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb12\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 se realizeaz\u259? p rin-mecanisme celulare -fagocitoza-\par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1673\sb26\sl-400\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 procesul de capturare \u351?i digestie a microorg anismelor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 p\u259?trunse în corpul uman.4. acizii organici(din sec re\u355?ia \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 glandelor sebacee).1.45824. acidul \line \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 clorhidric(din secre\u355?ia gastric\u259?).24577.(186.(0. \par\pard\ql \ li2717\ri1087\sb16\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -mecanisme umorale -substan\u355?e produse de celule locale: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -lizozimul (din secre\u355?ia salivar\u259?. care neutralizeaz\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sau distrug antigenul .10.1. copii \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri 1111\sb21\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 rezulta\u355?i vor mo\u351? teni caracterul Rh pozitiv al tat\u259?lui.45824.(6. (1012.16384. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ sb246\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 II.45824.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g73}{\bkmkend Pg73}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 2.16.În cazu l mamei Rh negativ.(1010. declan\u351?eaz\u259? producerea de c\u259?tre o rganism a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 unor substan\u355?e specifice.45824.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7244\shptop9012\shpright7546\shpbottom9266\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz405\shplid11 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 302}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 254}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1168\sb 210\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Antigenul este o substan\u355?\u2 59? str\u259?in\u259? organismului \u351?i care.162).8)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.Prima sarcin\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 poate decurge normal.(302.1. când tat\u259?l este Rh pozitiv.8).(1012.(1006. lacrimal\u259?).254)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.0). p\u259?truns\u259? \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 în mediul intern.1.(0.0).1.45824.716).45824.(0.720).

end . \par\pard\ql \li1 638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -activ:în urma unor boli. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 prev\u259?zute cu valvule. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1826\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -pasiv-prin administrarea de seruri care con\u355?in anticorpi gata \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 forma\u355?i.Imunitate d obândit\u259? artificial: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1754\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -activ:prin vaccinare-introducerea în organism a unor agen\u3 55?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 patogeni atenua\u355?i sau omorâ\u355?i care dete rmin\u259? producerea de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 anticorpi specifici. din 3 straturi:epicard.cavitar. dureaz\u259? 2-3 s\u259?pt\u259?mâni. \ par\pard\ql \li1638\ri3345\sb15\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\ nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ACTIVITATEA CARDIAC\u258? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 Inima \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri5722\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -este un organ musculos. \pa r\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. \par\ pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Tipuri de imuni tate specific\u259?: \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 1. dureaz \u259? 1-7 ani. miocard. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 -peretele inimii este alc. pe fie care parte prin orificiile atrioventriculare.Imunitate dobândit\u259? natural: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1666\sb190\s l-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pasiv-prin transfer transplacentar de anticorpi sau din laptele \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 matern. din 4 camere: 2 atrii \u351? i 2 ventricule. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1435\sb126\sl -420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este alc.acestea comunic\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 între ele. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1638\shptop6257\shpright2902\shpbottom6257\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz132\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6316\shptop7079\shpright7526\shpbottom7079\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz188\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1816\shptop9534\shpright6602\shpbottom9534\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz276\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5332\shptop10555\shpright7056\shpbottom10555\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz340\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7056\shptop10555\shpright8176\shpbottom10555\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz364\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2826\shptop11790\shpright5705\shpbottom11790\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz420\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g74}{\bkmkend Pg74}\par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\ri2223\sb314\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex95 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 este realizat de limfocitele T-imunitate a celular\u259? -\u351?i de \ line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 limfocitele B-imunitate umoral\u259?.ub\cf2\f3\fs32 apare în urma contactului cu agen\u355?i patogeni. \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 -este situat\u259? în mediastin.

ocard. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -conduce activitatea cardiac\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb13\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -frecven\u355?a desc\u259?rc\u259?rilor este de 40 /min. \par\pard\ql \ li1998\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs 32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 nodulul atrioventricular: \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri2190\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se afl\u259? în par tea inferioar\u259? a septului interatrial \u351?i se \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 termin\u259? în septul interventricular. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri2920\sb10\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 func\u355?ioneaz\u259? permanent \u351?i în paralel cu nodulul \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 atrioventricular. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb23\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 fasciculul Hiss: \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -pleac\u259? din nodul atrioventricular. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 Sistemul excitoconductor este format din: {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6070\shptop1757\shpright7368\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz44\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7367\shptop1757\shpright7546\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz68\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7545\shptop1757\shpright8755\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz92\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3830\shptop2169\shpright6374\shpbottom2169\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz132\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1906\shptop3391\shpright5784\shpbottom3391\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz172\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1906\shptop5635\shpright5890\shpbottom5635\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz236\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g75}{\bkmkend Pg75}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913 ?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 nodulul sinoatrial: \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1176\ sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se afl\u259? în peretele atriului drept. în vecin\u259?tatea orificiului de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 v\u259?rsar e al venei cave superioare. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri3650\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 frecven\u355?a desc\u259?rc\u259?rilor este de 70-80/min . \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri2299\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se împarte în 2 ramuri care coboar\u2 59? în ventricule \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 formeaz\u259? re\u355?eaua P . \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Mio cardul/mu\u351?chiul inimii este constituit din 2 tipuri de \par\pard\ql \li1638 \sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 celule:celule miocardice contra ctile \u351?i celule miocardice \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 modificate care intr\u259? în alc. \u355?esutului eexcitocond uctor sau nodal.

0).62).45 824.45824. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1961\sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 2.45824.(198.12.16.16384.Automatismul(ritmicitatea) reprezint\u259? capacitatea celulelor \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1112\sb10\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 miocardice de a se contracta ritmic datorit\u259? impulsurilor primite \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de la celulele \u355?esutului nodal.(60.Dac\u259? \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 acest nodul este distrus centrul de comand\u259? este preluat de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nodulul atrioventricular.(8.45824.45824.1.0).62).10).1.294).1.62)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.5.4.(6.Dac\u259? \u351?i acest nod ul este distrus.(84.45824.45824.(0.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.Conductibilitatea const\u259? în conducerea poten\u355?ialului de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ac\u355?iune de la centrul de comand\u259? în întreg \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb23\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 miocardul.(60. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 centrul de comand\u259? este prelua t de fasciculul His.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5234\shptop14512\shpright5294\shpbottom14522\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz417\shplid3 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 60}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 10}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.45824.1. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri3814\sb5\sl-620\slmult0\fi356 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -frecven\u355?a de desc\u259?rcare este de 25/min.24577.2).24577. \par\p ard\ql \li1998\ri1446\sb186\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Activitat ea cardiac\u259? este condus\u259? de nodulul sinoatrial.1.1.2).(0.45824.45824.1.1.45824.45824.0). \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 Propriet\u259?\u355?ile miocardului \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb189\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1.1.1.2457 7.6).304).(0.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} .1.16384.7.45824.(0. Poten\u355?ialul de ac\u355?iune parcurge urm\u259?torul traseu: \par\pard\ql \l i1998\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Atrii \par\pard\ql \li199 8\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex93 Nodulul sinostrial Nod ulul atrioventricular {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1998\shptop8734\shpright5432\shpbottom8734\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz228\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3036\shptop14242\shpright3050\shpbottom14304\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz391\shplid1 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 14}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 62}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.(84.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2946\shptop14004\shpright3144\shpbottom14308\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz397\shplid2 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 198}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 304}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.(0.62).urkinje.10.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(4.16384.(10.(4.(14.0).

2).0).1.(10. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 iar ea este mai mare în ventriculu l stâng. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2108\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 Contrac\u355?iile miocardului se numesc sistole.7.(198.45824.100)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.0).(0. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ ri1235\sb190\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 4.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(0.45824.45824.(10.4.(10.1.(0.1.16384.(100.(6.1.(100. 70 contrac\u355?ii/min.45824.0).1.45 824.30).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6024\shptop14758\shpright6034\shpbottom14788\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz443\shplid5 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 10}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 30}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.30).300).(2.45824.45824.1.45824.45824.200).(300.45824.100).1.1. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1467\sb202\sl-420\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 For\u355?a de contrac\u355?ie este mai mare în ven tricule decât în atrii.1.Contractilitatea este proprietatea miocardului de a r\u259?spunde \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 la ac\u3 55?iunea unui stimul prin modific\u259?ri ale dimensiunilor \u351?i a \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 tensiunii. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3521\sb15\sl-620\slmult0\t x1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ciclul cardiac:este format dintr-o sistol\u259 ? \u351?i diastol\u259?.}} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5234\shptop14418\shpright5534\shpbottom14618\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz423\shplid4 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 300}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.1.24577.(300.24577.8 s pt. iar relax\u259?rile \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 diastole.24577.1.16.(0.16384.45824.10.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5930\shptop14728\shpright6128\shpbottom15028\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz449\shplid6 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 198}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 300}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.300)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.30).0). \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1272\sb154\sl-410\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\u351?terea ritmului cardiac peste 70 cont .45824.45824.16384. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -are durat\u259? de 0.10.Excitabilitatea este proprietatea celulelor miocardice în \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 repaus de a r\u259?spunde la stimuli prag printr-un p oten\u355?ial de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ac\u355?iune.(6.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g76}{\bkmkend Pg76}\par\pard\li4752\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li4752\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0\par\pard\li4752\sb0\sl-368\slmult0\par\pard\li4752\sb101\sl-368\slmult 0\fi0\tx6707 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex94 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Fasciculul\ tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex94 Re\u355?eaua Celule miocardice\par\pard\l i4752\sb244\sl-368\slmult0\fi90\tx6279 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex94 His\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex94 Purkinje contractile ventriculare\par\pard\qj \li1998\ sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri1786\sb407\sl-410\slmult0\fi178 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 3.0).45824.4.

(0.0).7.7).1.45824.45824.7 s. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2530\s b26\sl-400\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -determin\u259? trecerea sâng elui din atrii în ventricule.0).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8670\shptop1634\shpright8868\shpbottom1651\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz441\shplid3 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 198}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 17}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.10).16384.7)} } {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.45824.1.(302.16.17). influen\u355?e \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 parasimpatice).1.(0.45824.3).10).1.1 s. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop8501\shpright3182\shpbottom8501\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz252\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7006\shptop1628\shpright7158\shpbottom1644\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz415\shplid1 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 152}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 16}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(196.24577.24577. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -urmeaz \u259? dup\u259? sistola atrial\u259?.45 824.45824.(0.1.45824.0)} } {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.16384.(0.1.(8.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7094\shptop1535\shpright7396\shpbottom1735\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz421\shplid2 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 302}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.rac\u355?ii/min se nume\u351?te \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tahicardie(factori c are influen\u355?eaz\u259?: c\u259?ldura.1. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\f s32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 diastola atrial\u259?-dureaz\u259? 0.10.(198.(302.(0.10).45824.45824.24577.(0.(150.1. influen\u355?e simpatice).11).45824.45824.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8804\shptop1541\shpright9106\shpbottom1741\shpfhdr0\shp .1.1.45824.200).1.1. \line \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex98 noradrenalina. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1253\sb 210\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sc\u259?derea ritmului cardiac s ub 70 contrac\u355?ii/min se nume\u351?te \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bradicardi e(factori ce influen\u355?eaz\u259?:frigul. adrenalina.45 824.45824.45824.1. acetilcolina.1.16.(152.1.(0.113).16).45824.113)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.6).0).7.5). \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Atrii: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\ f3\fs32 sistola atrial\u259?-dureaz\u259? 0.(0.4.(196.(0.45824.(150.

Frecven\u355?a cardiac\u259?-reprezint\u259? nr. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1426\sb12\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se închid valvele atrioventriculare dintre atrii \u351?i ventricule. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1338\sb0\sl-400 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se închid valvele semilunare care împiedic\u25 9? reîntoarcerea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sângelui în ventricule.(6. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 dia stola general\u259?-dureaz\u259? 0. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri4646\sb0\sl-420\sl mult0\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3 913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 diastola ventr icular\u259?-dureaz\u259? 0.90). \par\pa rd\ql \li1998\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Inima nu obose\u3 51?te deoarece: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1254\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -într-un ciclu cardiac durata diastolei este mai mare decât cea \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 a sistolei.(0.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g77}{\bkmkend Pg77}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Ventric ule: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri4866\sb226\sl-400\slmult0\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sistola ventricular\u259?-dureaz\u259? 0. deoarece \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 aportul de O2 este crescut în timpul diastolei.45824.5 s. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb22 3\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Dc=Ds xFc=80x70=5. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb16\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dureaz\u259? de la sfâr\u351?itul sistolei ve ntriculare pân\u259? la \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 începutul unei sistole atriale din ciclul cardiac urm\u259?tor.6 l \par\pard\qj .0). \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl -240{\bkmkstart Pg78}{\bkmkend Pg78}\par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par \pard\qj\li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri1342\sb314\sl-420\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 3. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -existen\u355?a diastolei generale.Debitul sistolic(Ds)-cant itatea de sânge expulzat de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ventricule la fiecare sist ol\u259?(70-90ml).90)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2. \par\pard\ql \li1 998\ri4449\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\fi360\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se desch id valvele atrioventriculare. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb247\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 PARAMETRII FUNC\u354?IONALI AI ACTIVIT\u 258?\u354?II CARDIACE \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1414\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 1.45824.16384.(302. de contrac \u355?ii ale inimii pe \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 min. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -urmeaz\u259? dup\u259? sistola atrial\u25 9?.10.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz447\shplid4 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 302}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.24577.(302. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1996\sb0\sl-420\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sângele este evacuat din ventricule în vasele ma ri de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sânge.5s. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -urmeaz\u 259? dup\u259? sistola ventricular\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ ri1769\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -miocardul nu func\u355? ioneaz\u259? prin \u8222?datorie de O2\u8221?.45824. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2 444\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2.45824.1. \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -a triile \u351?i ventriculele se relaxeaz\u259?.1.3 s. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1859\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 reprezint\u259? produsul dintre debitul sistolic (Ds) \u351?i frecven\u355?a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cardiac\u259?(Fc) pe min.200). \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -se deschid valvele semilunare de la baza aortei \u351?i arterei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pulmonare.4.1.Debitul cardiac(Dc) -cantitatea de sânge expulzat\u259? de inim\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 într-u n min.

\par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1161\sb214\sl406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la nivelul capilarelor din \u355?esutur i sângele cedeaz\u259? oxigenul \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nutrimentele \ u351?i se încarc\u259? du dioxid de carbon \u351?i produ\u351?i \line \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex96 rezulta\u355?i în urma arderilor celulare pe care îi aduce la inim \u259? în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 atriul drept prin cele 2 vene cave.Tensiune(presiune) arterial\u259?-reprezint\u 259? for\u355?a exercitat\u259? de \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1199\sb0\sl-420\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c\u259?tre coloana de sânge asupra pere\u355?ilor va selor de sânge prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 care circul\u259?. \par\pard\qj \l i1998\ri3085\sb207\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se m\u259?soar\u2 59? la nivelul arterei brahiale cu ajutorul \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 te nsiometrului. care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 trans port\u259? sângele cu oxigen \u351?i substan\u355?e nutritive spre \u355?esuturi \ u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 organe. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 al febrei \u351?i scade în timpul somnului.\li1998\ri1396\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Debitul cardiac cre\u351?te în timpul efortului muscular. prin venele pulmonare \u351?i tra snportat în atriul drept.Pulsul arterial-este rezultatul undei determinat\u259? de distensia \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 pere\u355?ilor aortei. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ ri1609\sb15\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este perceput când se comp rim\u259? o arter\u259? pe un plan osos. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb18 9\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CIRCULA \u354?IA MARE \u350?I MIC\u258? \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1734\sb218\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Sângele parcurge în sistemu l circulator 2 circuite:circula\u355?ia \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sistemic\u25 9?(marea circula\u355?ie) \u351?i circula\u355?ia func\u355?ional\u259? a \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pl\u259?mânului(mica circula\u355?ie). al sarcinii. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1111\ sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -trunchiul pulmonar se împarte în c ele 2 artere pulmonare care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 se ramific\u259? în interi orul fiec\u259?rui pl\u259?mân. \par\pard\li1998\sb242\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4327 \up0 \e . \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1378\sb189\sl-410\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la nivelul capilarelor alveolare sângele cedeaz\u259? dioxidul de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 carbon care este eliminat prin expira\u3 55?ie în mediul aerian \u351?i se \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 încarc\u259? cu oxigen . \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1325\sb186\s l-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\u351?terea tensiunii arteriale pe ste valori normale se nume\u351?te \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 hipertensiune. ca urmare a evacu\u259?rii bru\u351?te a sângelui din \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ventriculul stâng. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 -valorile normale ale celor 2 presiuni cresc odat\u259? cu vârs ta. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -are o valoare minim\u259? (diastolic\u259?) de 70-80mmHg. \par\pard\sect\ sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg79}{\bkmkend Pg7 9}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1369\sb342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf5\f6\fs32 Marea circula\u355?ie\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -începe în ventriculul stâng. prin artera aort\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1234\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 5. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sângele c u oxigen este preluat de la nivelul alveolelor \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pulmonare. în condi\u355?ii de repaus \u351?i relaxare. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb247\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 4. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -infromeaz\ u259? asupra frecven\u355?ei \u351?i ritmului cardiac. \par\par d\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard \ql\li1998\sb110\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ventriculul stâng arte ra aort\u259? \u355?esuturi vene cave atriul drept \par\pard\li4485\sb262\sl-368 \slmult0\fi0\tx7663 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 O2\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 Co2\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1180\sb208\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 Mica circula\u355?ie-începe în ventriculul drept. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri 2713\sb55\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are o valoare maxim\u259?( sistolic\u259?) de 120-140mmHg. prin trunchiul srterei \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 pulmonare care transport\u259? sânge înc\u259?rcat cu dioxid de carbon \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 spre pl\u259?mâni.iar sc\u259?derea hipotensiune.

(300.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft10710\shptop11757\shpright11010\shpbottom11957\shpfhdr0 \shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz351\shplid3 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 300}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.50).45824.4.(2116.4.45).(0 .45824.45 824.45824.100)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.10).10.0).(0.0).40).(300.0).40)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.45824.(0.(2.(300.24577.1.45824.(0.45824.7.(1876.(0.45824.1.200).1.1.16384.24577.45824.16.45824.45824.100).(1876.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8894\shptop11852\shpright10770\shpbottom11872\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz345\shplid2 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1876}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.20).1.1.0).16384.24577.45824.4.45824.(4.45824.5).(2116.1.93).xpndtw0\charscalex97 ventriculul\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 artera pulmonar \u259? pl\u259?mâni vene pulmonare\par\pard\li1998\sb243\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4325 \tx8553 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 drept\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Co2\ta b \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 O2\par\pard\ql \li9191\sb231\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 atriul stâng \par\pard\ql \li2448\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pa rd\ql\li2448\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2448\sb116\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTARE DE IGIE N\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE A \par\pard\ql \li4386\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 SISTEMULUI CIRCULATOR {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5040\shptop11857\shpright7156\shpbottom11907\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz319\shplid0 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 2116}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 50}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(300.24577.1.45824.1.(0.1.1.45824.1.20).93)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5190\shptop5728\shpright6482\shpbottom5748\shpfhdr0\shp .10.45824.(2116.200).10.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16384.(0.16384.1.(0.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7094\shptop11764\shpright7394\shpbottom11964\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz325\shplid1 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 300}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.

100).100)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.20).1.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.24577.24577.1.(1292.198).0).(0.16384.(298.10.(962.0).45824.(0.1.1.200).(298.(0.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8176\shptop5802\shpright9138\shpbottom5822\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz397\shplid6 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 962}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.24577.45824.45824.10.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.1.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9078\shptop5708\shpright9376\shpbottom5908\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz403\shplid7 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.45824.(962.4.4.20).(298.(0.45824.45824.(0.1.(1292.1.45824.45824.45824.16384.10.45824.(0.100)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.100).0).1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g80}{\bkmkend Pg80}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw4528\colsr160\c olno2\colw1879\colsr160\colno3\colw1787\colsr160\colno4\colw3446\colsr160\ql \li 1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 1998\sb317\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs3 2 BOLI\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Card iopatia\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Isc hemic\u259?-\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 afec\u355?iune\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb42\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cardiac\u259?\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb45\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 provocat\u259? de\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb41\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sc\u259?derea\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri352\ sb10\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vasculariza\u355?iei \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 inimii\par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-412\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1 .10.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6422\shptop5634\shpright6720\shpbottom5832\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz377\shplid5 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 198}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1.0).bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz371\shplid4 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 1292}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.20).45824.45824.45824.(298.24577.16384.4.45824.45824.(0.4.1.16384.(0.20).

\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb242\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Hemoragii\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri245\sb10\sl-4 10\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 externe-ie\u351?irea \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 sângelui la\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb36\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 exteriorul\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 corpului.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb 237\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -leziuni.Hemora \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 gii interne-ie\u351?ire \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sângelui în\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb33\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 \u355?esuturi sau\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cavit\u259?\u355?i ale\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb45\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 corpului.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -\par\pard\qj \li21\ri0\sb6\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hi potensiun \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 e.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb235\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -consum\par\pard\ql \li20\sb45\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mare de\par\pard\ql \li20\sb41\sl-368\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 gr\u259?simi.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb235\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\par\pard\qj \li21\ri0\sb0\sl-477\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 accelerarea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pulsului \u351?i a \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 respira\u355?iei.\par\pard\ql \li4688\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pa rd\ql \li4688\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb66\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 -\par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb11\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 traumatisme \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 . \line \up0 \expndt .998\sb0\sl-412\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri422\sb335\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Hemoragiile\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 -\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 scurgeri de\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri315\s b0\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sânge în afara \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 sistemului\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri0\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 vascular.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb244\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -spasm.\par\pard\ql \li67 17\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li67 17\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li67 17\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb184\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -paloare.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb242 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -boli\par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb10\sl410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 infec\u355?ioase \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 sau alergice \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ale vaselor \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de sânge.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -senza\u355?ia\par\pard\q l \li21\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de\par\pard\ql \li21\sb4 1\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 constric\u355?ie.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -compresie.\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri370\sb158\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Leucemii\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -boli \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ale sângelui\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 caracterizate prin\par\pard\column \ql \li4688\sb0\sl -368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li4688\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li4688\sb0\sl -368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li4688\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb317\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CAUZE\par\p ard\ql \li20\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf 2\f3\fs32 -\par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb6\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ateroscleroz \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a.\par\pard\qj \li4688\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard \qj \li4688\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li4688\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard \qj \li4688\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li4688\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \par\pard \qj \li20\ri47\sb361\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -activitatea \li ne \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 anormal\u259? \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 excesiv\u259? a\par\pard\column \ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb317\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SIMPTOME\par\pard\ql \li21\sb192\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -dureri în\p ar\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 regiunea\par\pa rd\ql \li21\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 inimii.

\par \pard\ql \li21\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -hemoragii. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop2051\shpright4577\shpbottom2051\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz15\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop2051\shpright6607\shpbottom2051\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz18\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop2051\shpright8544\shpbottom2051\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz21\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop2051\shpright11024\shpbottom2051\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz24\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1890\shptop2609\shpright4577\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop2609\shpright6607\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} .\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1151\sb20 9\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea total\u259? \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 a drogurilor.\par\pard\ql \li20 \sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 drume\u355?ii.\par\pard\ql \li20\ sb38\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 plimb\u259?ri.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl-3 68\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 condimente.\par\ pard\column \ql \li8654\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8654\sb0\sl-368\slmul t0 \par\pard\ql \li8654\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8654\sb0\sl-368\slmul t0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb317\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf1\f2\fs32 PREVENIRE\par\pard\qj \li8654\sb0\sl-412\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li20\ri1473\sb406\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 -respectarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 unui regim\par\pard\qj \li20 \ri1541\sb0\sl-510\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 echilibrat de \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 activitate \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 odihn\u259?.w0\charscalex97 -\par\pard\qj \li21\ri0\sb0\sl-510\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 transpira\u355?ie.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb237\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1028\sb6\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 sedentarismului \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u351?ia\par \pard\qj \li20\ri1100\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 supraalimen ta\u355?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ei. tutun. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cafea.\par \pard\ql \li20\sb139\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pa rd\qj \li20\ri1454\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 consumului \li ne \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 exagerat de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 alc ool.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1579\sb198\s l-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -practicarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 exerci\u355?iilor\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 fizice.\par\pard\ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par \pard\ql \li21\sb294\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -febr\u259?.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1203\sb209\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 -efectuarea de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 excursii. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 senza\u355?ia de \li ne \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sete.

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop2609\shpright8544\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1890\shptop7257\shpright4577\shpbottom7257\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop7257\shpright6607\shpbottom7257\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop7257\shpright8544\shpbottom7257\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1890\shptop13770\shpright4577\shpbottom13770\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop13770\shpright6607\shpbottom13770\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop13770\shpright8544\shpbottom13770\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop14951\shpright4577\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop14951\shpright6607\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop14951\shpright8544\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop14951\shpright11024\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop2051\shpright1888\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} .

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop2609\shpright1888\shpbottom7257\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop7257\shpright1888\shpbottom13770\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop13770\shpright1888\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop2053\shpright4577\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop2609\shpright4577\shpbottom7257\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz81\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop7257\shpright4577\shpbottom13770\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop13770\shpright4577\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz87\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop2053\shpright6607\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz90\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop2609\shpright6607\shpbottom7257\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz93\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop7257\shpright6607\shpbottom13770\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz96\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop13770\shpright6607\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz99\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop2053\shpright8544\shpbottom2609\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz102\shplid29{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

\par\pard\qj \li21\ ri3763\sb208\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sânger\u259?ri \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 de gingii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de nas.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri135\sb41\sl-612\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 -accidente. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sarcina\par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb0\sl -612\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 extrauterin\u259?.\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 leucocitelor\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql \li1998\sb70\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 Anemii\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -st\u259?ri\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb 44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 patologice\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri0 \sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 caracterizate prin \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 sc\u259?derea nr. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -parazitare. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 -toxice. de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hematii \u351?i\ par\pard\qj \li1998\ri0\sb2\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hemoglobi nei din \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sânge\par\pard\column \ql \li4688\sb0\sl-368\s lmult0 \par\pard\ql \li4688\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li4688\sb0\sl-368\s lmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u355? esuturilor\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 car e dau\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 na\u351? tere\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 leucocite lor\par\pard\qj \li4688\sb0\sl-611\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li4688\sb0\sl-611\slmul t0 \par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb402\sl-611\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -infe c\u355?ioase.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb203\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 r\u259?ni. \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -avorturi. \ par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \ql \li5310\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5310\s b186\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 RESP . \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ame\u355?eal\u259?. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -paloarea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 pielii.{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop2609\shpright8544\shpbottom7257\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz105\shplid30{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop7257\shpright8544\shpbottom13770\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz108\shplid31{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop13770\shpright8544\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz111\shplid32{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop2051\shpright11024\shpbottom14951\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz114\shplid33{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g81}{\bkmkend Pg81}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols3\colno1\colw4528\colsr160\c olno2\colw1879\colsr160\colno3\colw5383\colsr160\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li1998\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 cre\u351?terea nr.\par\pard\qj \li21\ri3585\sb27\sl-612\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 -sl\u259?biciune.\par\pard\qj \li 21\ri3852\sb173\sl-447\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -splina \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ficatul se \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 m\u259 ?resc.\par\pard\column \ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li21\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -anemie.

faringe. dioxid de car bon \u351?i ap\u259?. bronhii \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 principale. laring e. alc\u259 ?tuiesc sistemul respirator.IRA\u354?IA \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Respira\u355?ia este procesul prin care la nivel c elular au loc. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1487\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 Totalitatea organelor prin care se face schimbul de gaze dint re \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 aerul atmosferic \u351?i organism. trahee. procese de oxido-reducere a substan\u355?e lor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 organice. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 Sistemul respirator se compune din: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb25 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913 ?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 pl\u259?mâni \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1394\sb0\sl-420 \slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 c\u259?i respiratorii:fose nazale. în \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1488\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 prezen\u355?a oxigenului. cu eliberare de energie. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1890\shptop4865\shpright4577\shpbottom4865\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop4865\shpright6607\shpbottom4865\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop4865\shpright8544\shpbottom4865\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop9502\shpright4577\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop9502\shpright6607\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop9502\shpright8544\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop9502\shpright11024\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop1441\shpright1888\shpbottom4865\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop4865\shpright1888\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

Pl\u259?mânii urmeaz\u259? mi\u351?c\u259?rile cutie i toracice. din\u355?a\u355 . \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1418\sb213\sl400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 În condi\u355?ii de efort fizic. \par\pard\ql \li1638 \sb213\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 In spira\u355?ia \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este un proces activ \u351?i are ca re zultat m\u259?rirea \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex96 volumului cutiei toracice prin contrac\u355?ia mu\u351?chilor interco stali \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1078\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 externi \u351?i a diafragmei. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prin intermediul pleurei \u351?i se dila t\u259?. în care intervin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mu\u 351?chi inspiratori accesori(auxiliari):pectorali.{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop1441\shpright4577\shpbottom4865\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4577\shptop4865\shpright4577\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop1441\shpright6607\shpbottom4865\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6607\shptop4865\shpright6607\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop1441\shpright8544\shpbottom4865\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8544\shptop4865\shpright8544\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom9502\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g82}{\bkmkend Pg82}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\s b0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1629\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Alveolele pulmonare sunt unit\u259?\ u355?ile func\u355?ionale ale pl\u259?mânilor. la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nive lul lor realizându-se schimburile gazoase respiratorii. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb47\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sternocleidomastoidieni. inspira\u 355?ia devine for\u355?at\u259?. iar aerul intr\u259? \lin e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 în pl\u259?mâni.Presiunea intrapulmonar\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 scade cu 2-3mmHg fa\u355?\u259? de presiunea atmosferic\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 VENTILA\ u354?IA PULMONAR\u258? \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Este procesul prin care se realizeaz\u2 59? schimbul de gaze \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1685\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 respiratorii dintre organism \u351?i mediu.Cele 2 etape:inspira\ u355?ia \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 expira\u355?ia.

\up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 intercostali interni. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2254\s b210\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În condi\u355?ii de efort fizic.I.=1500 ml aer-reprezint\u259?\par\pard\ql \li20\ri 1187\sb10\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 volumul suplimentar de aer care p\u259?trunde în pl\u259?mâni în \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 timpul unei in spira\u355?ii for\u355?ate. care se realizeaz\u259? prin relaxarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 musculaturii respiratorii.?i. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1099\sb195\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Expira\u355?ia\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este un proces pasiv. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{ \bkmkstart Pg83}{\bkmkend Pg83}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols2\colno1\colw219 8\colsr160\colno2\colw9742\colsr160\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li1998\sb7\sl-253\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\f s22 \u-3913?\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb192\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\p ar\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-253\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb106\sl-253\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\par\pard\ql \ li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \ li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb193\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb129\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u-3913?\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb215\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u-3913?\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb172\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u -3913?\par\pard\column \ql \li2358\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb0\s l-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb73\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Volumul ins pirator de rezerv\u259?-V.R=1500 ml aer-rep rezint\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 volumul suplimentar de aer care este el iminat din pl\u259?mâni în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urma unei expira\u355?ii for\ u355?ate. e xpira\u355?ia este un proces activ. dezvoltare \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fizic\u259 ? \u351?i se m\u259?soar\u259? cu ajutorul aparatului numit spirometru. \par\par d\ql \li1998\ri1319\sb212\sl-410\slmult0\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Volumul cur ent -V.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1008\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Volumul expirator de rezerv\u259?-V. care urmeaz\u259? dup\u259? o inspira\u355?ie \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 de repaus.V-reprezint\u259? volumul maxim de aer ce \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 poate fi scos din pl\u259?mâni printr-o expira\u355?ie for\u3 55?at\u259? efectuat\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dup\u259? o inspira\u355? .\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1242\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 Capacitate vital\u259?-C.C=500ml aer-reprezint\u259? volumul de aer \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 care p\u259?trunde în pl\u259?mâni în cursul unei inspira\u355?ii de repaus \l ine \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i este eliminat printr-o expira\u355? ie de repaus.Cutia toracic\u259? \u351?i pl\u259?mânii revin la volu mul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ini\u355?ial. se \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 realizeaz\u25 9? prin contrac\u355?ia mu\u351?chilor accesorii:abdominali.R.E.Presiunea aerului din pl\u259?mâni cr e\u351?te cu 2-3 mmHg. care urmeaz\u259? dup\u259? o expira\u355?ie de \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 repaus. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 VOLUME \u350?I CAPACIT\u258?\u3 54?I RESPIRATORII \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1186\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Volumele respiratorii variaz\u259? în f unc\u355?ie de sex. fa\u355?\u259? de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cea atmosfe ric\u259? \u351?i aerul este eliminat la exterior. vârst\u259?.

ie maxim\u259?.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Etapa pulmonar\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2 \f3\fs32 presupune schimbul de gaze respiratorii dintre \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 aerul din alveolele pulmonare \u351?i sângele din capilare.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1292\sb2\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cap acitatea pulmonar\u259? total\u259?-C.T=V.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb36\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 C.R\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1354\sb8\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 Volumul rezidual-V.R+V. numit\u259? \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 oxihemoglobin\u259?(combina\u355?ie labil\u259?).. epiteliu alveolar \u351?i surfactant(lichid \line \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tensioactiv).R=1500 ml aer -reprezint\u259? volumul de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aer care r\u259?mâne permanent în pl\u259?mâni \u351?i care nu poate fi \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 eliminat decât prin deschiderea cutiei torac ice.Transportul oxigenului se face sub 2 forme:-dizolvat în \line \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 plasma sangvin\u259?. \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 Debitul ventilator de repaus=Volumul curent(V.P.P.P.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Etapa sangvin\u259?\ul0\nosupers ub\cf2\f3\fs32 .I.-47mmHg\par\pard\q l \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb255\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 Cu alte cuvinte.R+V.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sub form\u259? de combina\u355?ie cu hemog lobina..C+V.I. adic\u259?:\par\pard\ql \li20\ sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C.T=C. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4089\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Tran sportul dioxidului de carbon se face astfel: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -dizolv at în plasma sanguin\u259?.R+V..Se face datorit\u259? diferen\u355?ei de p resiune par\u355?ial\u259? a \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 gazelor astfel: \ par\pard\li1278\sb241\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4563\tx7847 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 Gazul\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Aer alveolar\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 Sânge capilar\par\pard\li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx4563\tldot\tx8434 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Oxigen\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 100mmHg. în cea mai mare parte. în condi\u355?ii de repaus.V +V. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2773\sb146\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sub form\u259? de combina\u355?ie labil\u259? cu hemoglo .\par\pard\ql \li20\sb37\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C. în stare de rep aus este de 16 \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 respira\u355?ii/min la b\u259?r ba\u355?i \u351?i 18 respira\u355?ii /min la femei.V.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri2110\sb0\sl-41 1\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Frecven\u355?a respiratorie.. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1456\sb179\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 2.C)x frecven\u35 5?a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 respiratorie.R\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C.T rep rezint\u259? suma tuturor volumelor respiratorii. iar dioxidul de carbon se va deplasa din sângele capilar în \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 aerul alveolar. presupune trasnportul gazelor respiratorii prin \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 sânge.T-reprezint\u259? volumul de \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 aer cuprins în pl\u259?mâni la sfâ\u351?itul unei inspira\u355?ii max ime. \par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \qj \li1278\ri1940\sb176\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf1\f2\fs32 SHIMBURILE DE GAZE RESPIRATORII \u350?I TRASNPORTUL \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 ACESTORA \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Schimburile gazoase respiratorii cup rind 3 etape: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1117\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 1. oxigenul va trece din aerul alveolar în sângele \pa r\pard\qj \li1278\ri1367\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 capilar.C+V..E..-40mmHg\par\pard\li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\fi0 \tx4563\tldot\tx8522 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Dioxid de carbon\tab \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 40mmHg.. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 intersti\u355?iu pulmonar. format\u259? din:endoteliu capilar.=V.R\par\pa rd\ql \li20\ri1037\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Debitul ventil ator de repaus reprezint\u259? cantitatea de aer \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 care p\u259?trunde în pl\u259?mâni într-un min.Se desf\u259 ?\u351?oar\u259? \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-2 40{\bkmkstart Pg84}{\bkmkend Pg84}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \par\p ard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1155\sb333\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 la nivelul membranei al veolo-capilare.P.E.\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 .

\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Etapa celula r\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 (tisular\u259?) const\u259? în schimbul de gaze dintre \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 sângele capilar \u351?i celule. prin i ntermediul lichidului intersti\u355?ial. \par\pard\q l \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sub form\u259? de bi carbona\u355?i de sodiu \u351?i potasiu. numit\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 carbohemoglobin\u259?.bina. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 astfe l: {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop3283\shpright4453\shpbottom3283\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz71\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop3283\shpright7737\shpbottom3283\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz74\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop3283\shpright11024\shpbottom3283\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz77\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop3843\shpright4453\shpbottom3843\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz80\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop3843\shpright7737\shpbottom3843\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz83\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop3843\shpright11024\shpbottom3843\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz86\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop4401\shpright4453\shpbottom4401\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz89\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop4401\shpright11024\shpbottom4401\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz92\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop4961\shpright4453\shpbottom4961\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz95\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop4961\shpright11024\shpbottom4961\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz98\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop5520\shpright4453\shpbottom5520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz101\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1950\sb218\sl-41 0\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 3.

\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop5520\shpright11024\shpbottom5520\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz104\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop3283\shpright1168\shpbottom3843\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz107\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop3843\shpright1168\shpbottom4401\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz110\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4401\shpright1168\shpbottom4961\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz113\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4961\shpright1168\shpbottom5520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz116\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop3285\shpright4453\shpbottom3843\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz119\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop3843\shpright4453\shpbottom4401\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz122\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop4401\shpright4453\shpbottom4961\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz125\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4453\shptop4961\shpright4453\shpbottom5520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz128\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft7737\shptop3285\shpright7737\shpbottom3843\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz131\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop3283\shpright11024\shpbottom3843\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz134\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop3843\shpright11024\shpbottom4401\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz137\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType .

unde \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 presiunea este mai mic\u259? . \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1232\sb10\sl-410\slmult0\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Di oxidul de carbon va trece din celule. în lichidul intersti\u355?ial \u351?i de aici în capilarel e de \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sânge. ap\u259? \u351?i energie. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1173\sb190\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În celule. \par\pa rd\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTARE DE IGIEN\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE\par\pard\sec t\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw3546\colsr160\colno2\colw2414\colsr160\colno3\c olw2277\colsr160\colno4\colw3403\colsr160\ql \li1278\sb254\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 BOLI\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 Gripa\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb254\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Fibroza\par\pard\qj \li1278\r i356\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pulmonar\u259?\ul0\nosupersu b\cf2\f3\fs32 -\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dezvoltarea\par\pard\ql \li1278 \sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 exagerat\u259? a\par\pard\ql \l i1278\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u355?esutului\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri159\sb8\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 conjunctiv din \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 parenchimul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pulmonar\par\pa rd\column \ql \li20\sb254\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf1\f2\fs32 CAUZE\par\pard\qj \li20\ri278\sb154\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Boal\u259? infecto-\line \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 contagioas\u259?\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 produs\u259? de\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 virusul gripal\par\pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par \pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par \pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par \pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par \pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb124\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Iradierea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 terapeutic\u259?\par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pentu tumori\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 meligne sau\par\pard\qj \li20\ri295\sb11\sl-410\slmult0 \u . în lichidul intersti\u355?ial \u351?i de aici în celule. unde presiunea este \line\tab \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 mai mare. la nivelul mitocondriilor au loc procese oxido-reduc\u259?toare. rezultând dioxid de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 carbon. unde presiunea este mai mic\u25 9?.}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop4401\shpright11024\shpbottom4961\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz140\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop4961\shpright11024\shpbottom5520\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz143\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g85}{\bkmkend Pg85}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\s b0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\ri1763\sb342\sl-410\slmult0\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\ cf2\f3\fs32 Oxigenul trece din capilarele sangvine. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prin care substan\u355?ele organice sunt oxidate. de la o presiune \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mare.

\par\pard\qj \li20\ri142\sb10\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dureri de cap.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dureri\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 musculare. \line \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -practicarea {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop6150\shpright3596\shpbottom6150\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz167\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop6150\shpright6160\shpbottom6150\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz170\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop6150\shpright8587\shpbottom6150\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz173\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8587\shptop6150\shpright11024\shpbottom6150\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz176\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop6710\shpright3596\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz179\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} .\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1233\sb159\sl-410\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -purtarea unei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 îmbr \u259?c\u259?min\u355?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 adecvate\par\pard\qj \li21\r i1537\sb1\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 temperaturii \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 externe.\par\pa rd\qj \li20\ri390\sb158\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sclerozarea \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u355?esutului\par\pard\ql \li20\sb36\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pulmonar \u351?i\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 insuficien\u355?\u259?\par\pard\qj \li20\ri177\sb 11\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 respiratorie \u351?i \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 cardiac\u259?\par\pard\column \ql \li21\sb254\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 PREVENIRE\par\pard\ql \li21\ sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -c\ u259?lirea\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1411\sb0\sl-460\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 organismului \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pt.\par\pard\column \ql \li20\sb254\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\ f2\fs32 SIMPTOME\par\pard\ql \li20\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Febr\u259?.p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dup\u259? bron\u351?it\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 cronic\u259?. TBC. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 silicoz\u259?.\par\ pard\ql \li20\sb37\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tulbur\u259?ri\par \pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 digestive. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 insomnii.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 inflama\u355?ia\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c\u259?ilor\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 respiratorii\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 superioare.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb238\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\ql \li21\ri1180\sb0\sl-510\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 fumatului activ \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sau pasiv. m\u259?rirea \line \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 rezisten\u355?ei la \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 îmboln\ u259?viri. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\ql \li21\ri1216\ sb0\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 frigului \u351?i a \line \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 aglomera\u355?iilor.

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop6710\shpright6160\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz182\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop6710\shpright8587\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz185\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8587\shptop6710\shpright11024\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz188\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop11377\shpright3596\shpbottom11377\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz191\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop11377\shpright6160\shpbottom11377\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz194\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop11377\shpright8587\shpbottom11377\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz197\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14814\shpright3596\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz200\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop14814\shpright6160\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz203\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop14814\shpright8587\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz206\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8587\shptop14814\shpright11024\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz209\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop6150\shpright1168\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz212\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop6710\shpright1168\shpbottom11377\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz215\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop11377\shpright1168\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz218\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop6152\shpright3596\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz221\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop6710\shpright3596\shpbottom11377\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz224\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop11377\shpright3596\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz227\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop6152\shpright6160\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz230\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop6710\shpright6160\shpbottom11377\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz233\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop11377\shpright6160\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz236\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8587\shptop6152\shpright8587\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz239\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8587\shptop6710\shpright8587\shpbottom11377\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz242\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8587\shptop11377\shpright8587\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz245\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop6150\shpright11024\shpbottom6710\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz248\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop6710\shpright11024\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz251\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P .

\ par\pard\ql \li20\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cre\u351?terea \par\pard\qj \li20\ri123\sb9\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 volumulu i de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aer rezidual. cianoz\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sufl\u259?tori)\par\par d\ql \li20\sb238\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -boli\par\pard\qj \l i20\ri0\sb0\sl-611\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cronice:bron\u351?ite.\par\pard\qj \li21\ri1572\sb208\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -alimenta\u355?ia \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bogat\u259? în \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 vitamine. \par\pard\qj \li1278 \ri1351\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Formarea urinei are loc la nivelul nefronului. vezic\u259? urinar\u259?. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop6520\shpright3596\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop6520\shpright6160\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Nefronul este format din: \par\pard\ql \li1278\ ri3138\sb24\sl-620\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3 \f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 corpuscul renal.g86}{\bkmkend Pg86}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw3546\colsr160\c olno2\colw2414\colsr160\colno3\colw2277\colsr160\colno4\colw3403\colsr160\ql \li 1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li 1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Emfizem\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb42\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pulmonar\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\par\p ard\qj \li1278\ri0\sb10\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 acumularea de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aer în \u355?esutul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pulmo nar\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb36\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 intersti \u355?ial\par\pard\column \ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3706\sb 0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3706\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb75 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -unele\par\pard\qj \li20\ri101\sb8\s l-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 profesii(sticlari. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb18 9\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -glomerulul vascular. \par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \ql \li5290\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \pa r\pard\ql\li5290\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li5290\sb57\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 EXCRE\u354?IA \par\pard\qj \ li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li 1278\ri1456\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Excre\u355?ia\ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este procesul prin care apa.\par\pard\column \ql \li6270\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql \li6270\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6270\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql \li20\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Dilatarea\par\p ard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 alveolelor. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tuse. \par\par d\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -c\u259?i urinare extrarenale:uretere. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 torace cu\par\pard\ql \li20\sb37\sl-3 68\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aspect\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 globulos\par\pard\column \ql \li8697\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8697\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8697\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sport ului. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sistemul excretor\ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 este format din: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -rinichi-organele produc\u259?toare de urin\u259?. alc\u259?tuit di n: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 -capsula Bowmann. \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 TBC.\par\par d\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sc\u259?derea\par\par d\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 elasticit\u259?\u355? ii\par\pard\ql \li20\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pulmonare. sub form\u259? de urin\u259?. uretr\u259?. substan\u355?ele nefolositoar e \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cele în exces se elimin\u259? din organism. \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 instumenti\u351?ti. unitatea structural\u259? \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 func\u355?ional\u259? a rinichiului.

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1084\sb212\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 1\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 .Ultrafiltrarea glomerular\u259?\ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 -ansa Henle. se realizeaz\u259? la nivelul corpusculului \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 renal \u351?i const\u259? în trecerea plasmei sangvine prin membra na filtrant\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 în tubul urinifer. \par\pard\ql \li1 278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Membrana filtrant\u259? est e format\u259? din: endoteliul capilarelor \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb32\sl-368\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 glomerulului. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb210\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 -tub contort distal. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FORMAREA URINEI \par\pard\q j \li1278\ri2329\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf2\f3\fs32 Formarea urinei cuprinde 3 etape:ultrafiltrarea glomerular\u259?. alc\u259?tuit din: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -tub contort proximal. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1761\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ultrafiltrarea glomerular\u259? se realizeaz\u259? prin mecanisme pasive: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 difuziunea \u351?i osmoza. membrana bazal\u259? a endoteliulu i \u351?i epiteliul Bowmann.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop6520\shpright8587\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8587\shptop6520\shpright11024\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1441\shpright1168\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3596\shptop1441\shpright3596\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6160\shptop1441\shpright6160\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8587\shptop1441\shpright8587\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom6520\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g87}{\bkmkend Pg87}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-610\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\r i3467\sb387\sl-610\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3 \f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 tub urinifer. \par\p . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 reabsorb\u355?ia tubular\u259? \u351?i secre\u355?ia tubular\u259?.

Se rea lizeaz\u259? în 2 moduri: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2629\sb204\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\ cf2\f3\fs32 activ.ioni de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Na \ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs28\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs27 +\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . fosfa\u355?ii. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ureea \u351?i Cl\ul0\super\cf12\f13 \fs28\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs27 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . pt. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb23 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 pasiv. prin care sunt \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1555\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 recuperate:gluco za.\par\pard\ql \li1638\ri 1289\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 5% substan\u355?e dizolvate dintre care 2% s\u259?ruri minerale:cloru ri. pt. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb239\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 Urina final\u259?.Urina prima r\u259? trece mai departe în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 tubul urinifer.Se face în dou\u259? moduri: \par\p ard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg88}{\bk mkend Pg88}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb92\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 activ(cu consum de energie). acidul uric \u351?i unele \line\ta b \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 medicamente(penicilina).\ul0\nosupersub\cf1 \f2\fs32 Reabsorb\u355?ia tubular\u259? \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1315\sb218\sl-410 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Este procesul p rin care substan\u355?ele utile din urina primar\u259?. K\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs28\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs27 +\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .Glucoza este prezent\u259? doar în urina persoanelor bo lnave \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de diabet. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sulfa\u355?i. trec din \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 tubul urinifer în capilarele peritubulare(capilarele care înconjoar\u25 9? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 tubul urinifer). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 U rina final\u259? con\u355?ine: \par\pard\li1638\sb216\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 95%ap\u259?. \par\pard \qj \li1278\ri1227\sb204\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Rata filtr\u 259?rii glomerulare este capacitatea de filtrare a celor 2 rinichi \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 \u351?i are o valoare de 125ml/min. \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 3. care este o plasm\u259? \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1724\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 deproteinizat\u259?(f\u259?r\u259? proteine). \par\pard\qj \li1 278\ri2809\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În urma realiz\u259?rii celor 3 etape se formeaz\u259? urina final\u259?. ionul de H\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs28\ul0\super\cf12\f13\ fs27 +\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . prin care sunt \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1261\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 transportate anumite substan\u355?e toxice din capilar ele peritubulare în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 interiorul tubului urinifer. vitaminele B12 \u351?i C.ard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În urma procesului de ultrafiltrare glomerular\u259? rezult\u259? urina \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb32\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 primar\u259?(ultrafiltratul glomerula r). acid \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 uric. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1672\sb20\sl-400\slmult0\t x1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 pasiv(f\u259?r\u259? consum de energie). la un om s\u259?n\u259?tos nu con\u355?i ne niciodat\u259? \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1077\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 glucoz\u259?.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Secre\u355?ia tubular\u259? \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Este procesul invers celui de rea bsorb\u355?ie. \par\pard\q l \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. când sunt recuperate :apa.creatinin\u259?. sulfa\u355?ii. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1221\sb220\s l-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Diureza\ul 0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 reprezint\u259? cantitatea de urin\u259? eliminat\u259 . amoniac \u351?i uree. fosfa\u355?i. carbona\u3 55?i \u351?i 3%substan\u355?e organice:uree. ionul de K\ul0\super\cf12\f13\fs28\ul0\super \cf12\f13\fs27 +\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . deci 180l/24 ore. aminoacizii.

În \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 consecin\u355?\u259?. sc\u259?derea presiunii \line \tab \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 intravezicale \u351?i contrac\u355?ia sfincterului vezical intern.De aceea mic\u355?iunea poat e fi amânat\u259? pân\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 când condi\u355?iile permit re alizarea acestui proces. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ELIMINAREA URINEI \par\pard\qj \li 1638\ri1987\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Mic\u355?iunea \ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este procesul de eliminare a urinei depozitate în \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 vezica urinar\u259?. se scurge prin c\u259?ile \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1132\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 intrarenale.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb1 92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Infec\u355?ii\par\pard\qj \li20\ri 43\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 microbien \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 e sau\par\pard\ql \li20\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 virale. declan\u351?at de acumularea a 150-\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 200ml de urin\u259? în vezica urinar\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb46\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \u10146? Stimularea sistemului nervos parasimpatic. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\p aperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg89}{\bkmkend Pg89}\par\pard\ql \li1638\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0 \sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Urina final\u259? format\u259? la nivelul nefron ilor. apoi ajunge la bazinet \u351?i de aici prin uretere în vezica \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 urinar\u259?.\par\pard\column \ql \li20\sb249\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SIMPTOME\par\pard\ql \li20\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Dureri la nivelul\par\par d\qj \li20\ri208\sb209\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vezicii urinar .? în 24 ore \u351?i este \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 influen\u355?at\u259? de cant itatea de lichide ingerate.Stimularea parasimpaticului permite eliminarea u rinei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 din vezica urinar\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2248\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTARE DE IGIEN\u258 ? \u350?I PATOLOGIE\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw3980\colsr160\c olno2\colw1610\colsr160\colno3\colw2432\colsr160\colno4\colw3618\colsr160\ql \li 1278\sb249\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 BOLI\par\pard\qj \li1278\r i0\sb157\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cistita\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 -inflamarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 acut\u259? a mucoasei \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 vezicii urinare\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\par d\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\par d\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\par d\qj \li1278\ri0\sb154\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf1\f2\fs32 Nefrita\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -inflamarea \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 acut\u259? sau cronic\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a \u355?esutulu i renal \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 intersti\u355?ial\par\pard\column \ql \li20\sb249\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs 32 CAUZE\par\pard\ql \li20\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Infec\u355?ii\par\pard\qj \li20\ri43\sb8\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 microbien \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 e\par\pa rd\qj \li20\ri115\sb0\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 provenite \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de la\par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb0\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 rinichi sau \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de la\par\pard\ql \li2 0\sb33\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 uretere. are ca efec t \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1143\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 co ntrac\u355?ia mu\u351?chiului vezical \u351?i relaxarea sfincterului vezical \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 intern. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri2121\sb216\ sl-406\slmult0\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u10146? Stimula rea sistemului nervos simpatic. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ sb25\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u10146? Scoar\u355?a cerebral\u 259? controleaz\u259? sfincterul vezical \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1638\sb26\sl-400 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 extern(striat). are ca efect \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 relaxarea mu\u351?chiului vezical. \par\pard\qj \li1 638\ri1701\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Mic\u355?iunea este un act reflex. simpaticul inhib\u259? mic\u355?iunea.

urin\u259? \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 tulbure. în special a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 zonei renale.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb237\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -p\u259? strarea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 igiene i\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1057\sb9\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 coresp unz\u259?toare \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 .e.\par\pard\ql \li20\sb238\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 expunerii\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1199\sb8\sl-411\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 îndelungate la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fri g. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urin\u259?ri dese \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 dureroase. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9227\shpright4030\shpbottom9227\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz255\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop9227\shpright5790\shpbottom9227\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz258\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop9227\shpright8372\shpbottom9227\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz261\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop9227\shpright11024\shpbottom9227\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz264\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop9785\shpright4030\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz267\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop9785\shpright5790\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz270\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop9785\shpright8372\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz273\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop9785\shpright11024\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz276\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop13221\shpright4030\shpbottom13221\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz279\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType} .\par\pard\qj \li20\ri51\sb360\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 Dureri lombare.\pa r\pard\qj \li20\ri333\sb1\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 hipertensiu ne \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 arterial\u259?.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb1\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 hematurie(sâng \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 e în urin\u259?). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 febr\u259?.\par\pard\column \ql \li20\sb249\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 PREVENIRE\ par\pard\qj \li20\ri1091\sb158\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -regim igienic de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 via\u355?\u2 59?.

{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop13221\shpright5790\shpbottom13221\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz282\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop13221\shpright8372\shpbottom13221\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz285\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14814\shpright4030\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz288\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop14814\shpright5790\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz291\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop14814\shpright8372\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz294\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop14814\shpright11024\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz297\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9227\shpright1168\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz300\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9785\shpright1168\shpbottom13221\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz303\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop13221\shpright1168\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz306\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop9230\shpright4030\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz309\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop9785\shpright4030\shpbottom13221\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz312\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop13221\shpright4030\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz315\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType .

}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop9230\shpright5790\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz318\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop9785\shpright5790\shpbottom13221\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz321\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop13221\shpright5790\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz324\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop9230\shpright8372\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz327\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop9785\shpright8372\shpbottom13221\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz330\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop13221\shpright8372\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz333\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop9227\shpright11024\shpbottom9785\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz336\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop9785\shpright11024\shpbottom14814\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz339\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g90}{\bkmkend Pg90}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols3\colno1\colw5740\colsr160\c olno2\colw2432\colsr160\colno3\colw3618\colsr160\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li1278\sb309\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf1\f2\fs32 Glomerulonefrit\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf2\f3\fs32 Origine\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx4135 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 -inflamarea\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 microbian\par\pard \ql \li1278\sb44\sl-368\slmult0\tx4135 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bilateral\u25 9? a\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex91 \u259? alergic\u259?\par\pard\ql \li1278\ sb42\sl-368\slmult0\tx4135 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 glomerulilor renali\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sau toxic\u259?. cefalee. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 astenie.\par\pard\column \ql \li5900\sb0\sl-3 68\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li5900\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li5900\sb0\sl-3 68\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ed eme. tulbur\u259?ri\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 urinare.\par\pard\qj \li20\ri0\sb74\sl-511\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 Dureri lombare. \up0 \expndtw .

\par\pard\ql \li1278\ri4228\sb20 \sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -trompele uterine. reproducer e. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -organe genitale externe. \par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \ql \l i3573\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3573\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3 573\sb56\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2. \line \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 -uterul. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri32 49\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Organele genitale interne sun t : \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -ovarele. \par\pard\ql \li127 8\ri1776\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Gonadele (ovarele \u35 1?i testiculele) au func\u355?ia de a produce celule \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sexuale/game\u355?i(ovule sau spermatozoizi).\par\pard\column \ql \li8482\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \pa r\pard\ql \li8482\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8482\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \pa r\pard\ql \li20\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pa rd\qj \li20\ri1431\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 abuzului de \l ine \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 medicamente. \par\pard\ql \li3876\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SISTEMUL REPRODUC\u258?TOR \par\pard\ql \li3173\sb252\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 SISTEMUL REPRODUC\u258?TOR FEMININ \par\pa rd\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 Componente: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -organe genitale interne. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -vaginul.0\charscalex97 hipertensiune.3.FUNC\u354?IA DE REPRODUCERE \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1188\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Reproducerea este o pro prietate fundamental\u259? a organismului care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 se re alizeaz\u259? prin participarea a 2 indivizi de sex diferit. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop2409\shpright4030\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop2409\shpright5790\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop2409\shpright8372\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4201\shpright4030\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop4201\shpright5790\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop4201\shpright8372\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop4201\shpright11024\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\sh . cât \u351?i de a secreta \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex98 hormoni sexuali care asigur\u259? condi\u355?ii pt. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri3382\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 a.Ovarele-gonadele feminine: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 -sunt situate în pelvis.

va se. nervi \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u351?i cortical\u259?-în care se afl\u259? foliculii ovarieni în care se dezvolt\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ovoc itul. \up0 \expndtw0\cha . \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1280\sb218\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -sunt formate din 2 zone: medular\u259?-cu \u355?esut conjunctiv. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cicl ul ovarian-dureaz\u259? 28 de zile \u351?i are 3 faze: \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri11 02\sb135\sl-510\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -faza folicular\u259?-const\ u259? în cre\u351?terea \u351?i maturarea unui folicul ovarian.pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1441\shpright1168\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop2409\shpright1168\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop1441\shpright4030\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz54\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4030\shptop2409\shpright4030\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz57\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop1441\shpright5790\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz60\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5790\shptop2409\shpright5790\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop1441\shpright8372\shpbottom2409\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8372\shptop2409\shpright8372\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom4201\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g91}{\bkmkend Pg91}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb9 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -sunt o rgane pereche.

se suprapune peste ciclul ovarian \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 \u351?i are 3 faze: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 -faza menstrual\u259?-dureaz\u259? 3-4 zile în care se elimin\u259? stratul \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1297\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 superficial al mucoasei uterine împreun\u259? cu o anumit\u259? cantitate de \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sânge. rezultând \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 celula-ou(zigo tul).Ovoc itul II se transform\u259? în ovul.În treimea superioar\u259? a \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex98 trompei uterine are loc fecunda\u355?ia. labiile mic i. captat de trompa uterin\u2 59?. \pa r\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c.I I care este captat de trompa \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 uterin\u259?.rscalex97 -ovula\u355?ia-const\u259? în ruperea foliculului ovarian matur \u351?i expluzarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ovocitului II. \par\p ard\qj \li1278\ri3431\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 2. clitorisul. nepereche. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2774\sb52 \sl-600\slmult0\fi1708 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 S ISTEMUL REPRODUC\u258?TOR MASCULIN \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\c . nida\u355?ie. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb208\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -faza luteal\u259?-const\u259? în transformarea foliculului ovarian.Uterul-orga n cavitar. folic ulul ovarian matur \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 expulzeaz\u259? ovocitul de ord.În timpul ovula\u355?iei. muntele lui \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Venus.Func\u3 55?ia endocrin\u259? -const\u259? în secre\u355?ia de hormoni \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 ovarieni:estrogeni \u351?i progesteron.F unc\u355?ia exocrin\u259?-ovogeneza-const\u259? într-o succesiune de \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1260\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 modific\u259?ri p e care le sufer\u259? ovogonia(celul\u259? nediferen\u355?iat\u259?) pân\u259? la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 formarea ovocitului II. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1. \par\ pard\qj \li1278\ri1594\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 -faza se cretorie-dureaz\u259? de la a15-a zi pân\u259? la apari\u355?ia unei noi \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 menstrua\u355?ii. orificiul vaginal. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1315\sb170\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -faza proliferativ\u259?-între a 4-a \u351?i a 14-a zi în care are loc îngro\u351?area \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mucoasei uterine. care a \par\pard\q l \li1278\ri1368\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 realizat ovula\ u355?ia. în corp galben(care secret\u259? hormonii estrogeni \u351?i \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 progesteron).Vaginul -organ cavitar.Trompele uterine-conducte pereche: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -situate între ovare \u351?i utere. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Toate ovulele con\u355?in cromozomul de sex X. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0 \sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg92}{\bkmkend Pg92}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \pa r\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 d. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se g\u259?se\u351?te în continuarea uterului. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Func\u355?iile ovarelor \par \pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf2\f3\fs32 Ovarele au func\u355?ie mixt\u259?:exocrin\u259? \u351?i endocrin\ u259?.Dac\u259? ovulul nu a fost fecundat. haploid\u259?(cu un set de \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cromozomi).Mucoasa uterin\u259? este preg\u259?tit\u2 59? pt. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2453\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 Ovulul este celula sexual\u259? feminin\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -rol:capteaz\u259? \u351?i conduc spre uter ovulul expulzat. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri5281\sb54\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 b. corpul galben d \u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 na\u351?tere corpului alb(zon\u259? cicatrice al\u259?). \par\p ard\qj \li1278\ri1280\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf1\f2\fs32 Organele genitale externe\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -vulva c uprinde labiile mari. \par\pard\qj \ li1278\ri1385\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ciclul uterin-dur eaz\u259? 28 de zile. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1403\sb2 19\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Fecunda\u355?ia const\u259? în unire a spermatozoidului cu ovulul. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -situat în pelvis-între vezica urinar\u259? \u351?i rect.

dup\u259? cromozomii de sex pe care îi \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 posed\u259?:22+X sau 22+Y.Func\u355?ia exocrin\u259?-spermatogeneza-const\u259? într-o succesiune de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 modific\u259?ri pe care le sufer\u259? spermatogonia(celul\u259? nediferen\u355?iat\u259?) \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pân\u259? la formarea spermatozoizilor. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1440\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Spermatozoizi sunt de 2 tipuri.Testicul ele-gonadele masculine: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt situate în scrot. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 spermatozoizi. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Veziculele seminale: \par\pa rd\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt glande pere che. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 C\u259?ile intratesticulare sunt:tubii drep\u355?i.f2\f3\fs32 C\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 omponente\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \ par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -organe gen itale interne.Glandele anexe sunt: \par\pard\ql \li 1278\ri3268\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 veziculele seminale \u351?i prostata. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -sunt formate din lobuli cu tubi seminiferi contor\u355?i-în care se \par\pard\q j \li1278\ri1778\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fromeaz\u259? sp ermatozoizii(game\u355?i masculini) \u351?i celule intersti\u355?iale \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex98 Leydig care secret\u259? hormonii androgeni.C\u259?ile spermatic e-sunt intratesticulare \u351?i extratesticulare. \p ar\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Prostata: \p ar\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este situat \u259? sub vezica urinar\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri3169\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Organele genitale interne \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -testiculel e. re\u355?eaua testicular\ u259?. ca nalul ejaculator. haploid\u259?(cu un set \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de cromozoi ). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2330\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -secret\u259? un lichid cu rol de trasportor \u351? i ca mediu nutritiv pt. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb213\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Func\u355?iile testic ulelor \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Testiculele au func\u355?ie mixt\u259?:exocrin\u259? \u 351?i endocrin\u259?. uretra(cale urogenital\u259? pentru \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 eliminarea urinei \u351?i a lichidului seminal). \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf1\f2\fs32 S\u258?N\u258?TATEA REPRODUCERII \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl . canalul epidimar. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1350\sb182\sl-420\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Spermatozoidul este celul\u259? sexual\u259? masculin\u259?. \par\pard\qj \l i1278\ri1385\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 canalul deferent. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb209\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C\u 259?ile extratesticulare sunt:canale eferente. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt situate posterior de vezica urinar\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3591\sb217\sl -400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg93}{\bkmkend Pg93}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ ri4351\sb368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f s32 -c\u259?i spermatice. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb169\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt orga ne pereche. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1581\sb218\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 1. \par\pard\qj \li1 278\ri2508\sb5\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2330\sb210\sl420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -secret\u259? un lichid cu rol de traspo rtor \u351?i ca mediu nutritiv pt. \par\ pard\ql \li1278\ri3062\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a. \par\pard\sec t\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg94}{\bkmkend P g94}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri2062\sb368\sl620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Organul geni tal extern\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -penisul -este organ genital \u351?i urina r. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -glande anexe.Func\u355?ia endocrin\u259?-const\u25 9? în secre\u355?ia de hormoni \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 androgeni:testosteronul . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 spermatozoizi. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -organe genitale externe.

zigotul î\u351?i continu\u259? segmentarea înc\u259? 3 zile. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1706\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -d in zigot se formeaz\u259? embrionul care din luna a 3 devine fât ce \line \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 cre\u351?te \u351?i se dezvolt\u259? pân\u259? la sfâr\u351?itul lunii a noua de sarcin\u259?.-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb116\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 S\u259?n\u259?tatea reproducerii\ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 implic\u259? o via\u355?\u259? sexual\u259? în siguran\u355? \u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278 \ri1546\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -prevenirea \u351?i dep istarea precoce a cancerului de col uterin \u351?i de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 sân. c opilul va fi b\u259?iat. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pr evenirea infec\u355?iilor cu transmitere sexual\u259?(ITS). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ ri1901\sb217\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se formeaz\u259? zigotu l care începe s\u259? se segmenteze în timp ce \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 parcurge trompa uterin\u259?(72 ore). \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh1 5840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg95}{\bkmkend Pg95}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -asigurarea utiliz\u259?rii corecte a contraceptivului ales. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1280 \sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Co ncep\u355?ia\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -se realizeaz\u259? în perioada de maturit ate sexual\u259? a celor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 2 sexe: \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în ziua a 14-a a ciclului ovar ian are loc ovula\u355?ia. copilul \line \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 va fi fat\u259?. la momentul \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 ales \u351?i la intervale de timp între na\u351?teri. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb224\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Obiectivele serviciilor de planificare f amilial\u259?: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1812\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 -abilitatea individului/ cuplului de a decide dac\u259? \u351?i când s \u259? aib\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 copii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 dacâ \u351?i cât de des doresc s\u259? se procreeze. \par\pa rd\ql \li1278\ri1616\sb175\sl-415\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Planificarea familiar\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 reprez int\u259? capacitatea persoanei sau a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cuplului de a anticipa \u351?i de a avea nr. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1580\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 posibilitatea de a procrea. avort ului \u351?i abandonului de copii. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -p\u2 59?strarea calit\u259?\u355?ii vie\u355?ii de cuplu. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2132\sb170\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Na\u351?terea\ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 -const\u259? în expulzia fâtului la sfâr\u351?itul celor 9 luni de \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 dezvoltare intrauterin\u259?. pe care le hot\u259?r \u259?sc \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 singuri. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1119\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -ovocitul II ajunge din ovar în pavilionul trompei uterine unde are loc \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fecunda\u355?ia. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2543\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -schimburile nutritive dintre mam\u259? \u351?i fât se realizeaz\u259? prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 intermediul placentei \u351?i al vaselor ombilicale. precum \u351?i libertatea de a hot\u259?râ când. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1618\sb 180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Contr .Dac\u259? spermatozoidul are heterozomul X.Acest lucru se poate îndeplini prin folosirea metodelor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 contraceptive \u351?i prin tratamentul infertilit\u259?\u355?ii involuntare. dorit de copii. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -prevenirea sarcinilor nedorite.Dac\u259? spermatozoidul are heterozomul Z. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Sarcina\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 : \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1368\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în uter. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 Sexul copilului este determinat de tipul de spermatozoid care \par\ pard\qj \li1278\ri1084\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fecundeaz\ u259? ovulul. dup\u259? care se \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fixeaz\u259? în mucoasa uterin\u259?-nida\u355?ia.

\par\pard\ql \li21\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -f ebr\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -histerectomia.\par\pard\column \ql \li8670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8670\sb0 \sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb130\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 PREVENIRE\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1117\sb158\sl-410\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -evitarea unei \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vie\u355?i sexuale \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dezordonate. a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 rela\u355?iilor\par\pard\ql \li20\sb3 . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3467\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Meto de definitive de contracep\u355?ie(sterilizarea) sunt: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 -legarea trompelor uterine. \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb149\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -metoda temperaturii bazale.\par\pard\ql \li 20\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -avorturi.acep\u355?ia\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -const\u259? în aplicarea unor metode de împ iedicare a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 concep\u355?iei.\par\pard\ql \li 20\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -lipsa de igien\u259?. \par\ pard\qj \li1278\ri1173\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contracep tivele de barier\u259?:prezervativele. spermicidele. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs2 4\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg96}{\bkmkend Pg96}\par\pa rd\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri4783\sb368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Metodele temporare de c ontracep\u355?ie sunt: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -contraceptivele orale.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -tulbur\u25 9?ri de\par\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mic\u3 55?iune. \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex98 -steriletul. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1475\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 -injec\u355?iile cu progesteron sau implanturile subdermice hormonale. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -metoda calendarului.\par\p ard\ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\p ard\ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb320\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -tumor\u259?\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 benign\u259? ce se\par\pard\column \ql \li6205\sb0\sl-368\s lmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6205\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb130\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SIMPTOME\par\pard \ql \li21\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 -dureri în\par\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 abdomen. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vasectomia. \par\pard\ql \li2248\sb232\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 NO\u354?IUNI ELEMENTAR E DE IGIEN\u258? \u350?I PATOLOGIE\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols4\colno1\colw 3582\colsr160\colno2\colw2313\colsr160\colno3\colw2315\colsr160\colno4\colw3430\ colsr160\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li1278\sb130\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 BOLI\par\pa rd\ql \li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ANEXITA\ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 inflama\u355?ia\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1\sb9\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 trompei uterine \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u351?i a ovarului\pa r\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \pa r\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \pa r\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri106\sb345\sl-410\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Adenomul de \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 prostat\u259?\par\pard\column \ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult 0 \par\pard\ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb130\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 CAUZE\par\pard\ql \li20\sb192\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -infec\u355?ii cu\par\pard\ql \li20\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bacterii.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -s ecre\u355?ie\par\pard\ql \li21\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 v aginal\u259?.\par\pard\ql \li20 \sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -na\u351?teri. diafragma.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb242\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -pierderi de\par\pard\ql \li21\sb44\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sânge prin\par\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 vagin .

8\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sexuale\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1242\sb 0\sl-510\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 înt\u259?mpl\u259?toare \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 \u351?i neprotejate. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9384\shpright3632\shpbottom9384\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz111\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop9384\shpright6095\shpbottom9384\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz114\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9384\shpright8560\shpbottom9384\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz117\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop9384\shpright11024\shpbottom9384\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz120\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop9942\shpright3632\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz123\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop9942\shpright6095\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz126\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9942\shpright8560\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz129\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop9942\shpright11024\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz132\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop13978\shpright3632\shpbottom13978\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz135\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop13978\shpright6095\shpbottom13978\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz138\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop13978\shpright8560\shpbottom13978\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz141\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -evitarea\par\pa rd\qj \li20\ri1615\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 expunerii la \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 frig.

{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop14948\shpright3632\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz144\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop14948\shpright6095\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz147\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop14948\shpright8560\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz150\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop14948\shpright11024\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz153\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9384\shpright1168\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz156\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9942\shpright1168\shpbottom13978\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz159\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop13978\shpright1168\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz162\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop9385\shpright3632\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz165\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop9942\shpright3632\shpbottom13978\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz168\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop13978\shpright3632\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz171\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9385\shpright6095\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz174\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9942\shpright6095\shpbottom13978\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz177\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} .

\par\par d\ql \li21\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -infec\u355?ii urina re.{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop13978\shpright6095\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz180\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop9385\shpright8560\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz183\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop9942\shpright8560\shpbottom13978\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz186\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop13978\shpright8560\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz189\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop9384\shpright11024\shpbottom9942\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz192\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop9942\shpright11024\shpbottom14948\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz195\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g97}{\bkmkend Pg97}\par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone\cols3\colno1\colw6045\colsr160\c olno2\colw2315\colsr160\colno3\colw3430\colsr160\ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li3742\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \ par\pard\ql \li3742\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 dezvolt\u259? pe\par\pard\ql \li3742\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 prostat\u259?.\par\pard\column \q l \li8670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li8670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\q l \li8670\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li20\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -respectarea\par\pard\qj \li20\ri1366\sb7\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 regulilor de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 igien\u259? intim\u259?.1GENETIC\u258? MOLECULAR\u258? \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri4567\sb30\sl-613\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ACIZII NUCLEICI-COMPOZI\u354?IE CHIMIC\u258? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ACIZII NUCLEICI\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt de .\par\pard\qj \li21\ri268\sb207\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -de regl\u259?ri ale \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 activit\u259?\u355?ii\par\pard\ql \ li21\sb35\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sexuale.\par\pard\qj \li3742\ri142\sb210\sl-410\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -apare la 60% \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 d intre b\u259?rba\u355?ii \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mai în vârst\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de 50 de ani\par\pard\column \ql \li6205\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6205\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li6205\sb0\sl-368\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql \li21\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -greu tate la\par\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urinat .GENETIC\u258? \par\pard\ql \li3866\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 1. \par\pard\sect\sectd\sbknone \ql \li3546\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pa rd\ql\li3546\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li3546\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 GENETIC\u258? \u350?I ECOLOGIE U MAN\u258? \par\pard\ql \li5137\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1.\par\pard\ql \li21\sb244\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -dureri în\pa r\pard\ql \li21\sb42\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 perineu.

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1190\sb20\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Bazele azotate\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 sunt substan\u355?e organice de tip purinic \u351?i pirimidinic. \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 Bazele azotate purinice sunt: {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop5475\shpright3632\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz27\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop5475\shpright6095\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz30\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop5475\shpright8560\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz33\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop5475\shpright11024\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz36\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop1441\shpright1168\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz39\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3632\shptop1441\shpright3632\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz42\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop1441\shpright6095\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz45\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8560\shptop1441\shpright8560\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz48\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop1441\shpright11024\shpbottom5475\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz51\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g98}{\bkmkend Pg98}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\r . \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex95 -acidul ribonucleic ARN.2 tipuri: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -acidul dezoxiribonucleic ADN. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri4374\sb15\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Nucleotida\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este alc\u259?tuit\u259? din 3 componente: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -o baz\u259? azotat\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1 121\sb147\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ACIZII NUCLEICI\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt substan\u355?e chimice macromo leculare formate \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 din unit\u259?\u355?i simple numite nucleotide. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri3916\sb17\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -un zah\u259?r(o pentoz\u259?). \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -un radical fosforic(P).

\par\pard\ql \li1 278\ri5227\sb0\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ambele sunt prezente în ADN \u351?i ARN. r eprezint\u259? structura primar\u259? a acizilor nucleici. cu baz ele azotate dispuse spre \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 interior. prezent doar în ARN. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb2 32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Leg\u259?tura se face între al cinci lea atom de carbon al unei \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1092\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pentoze(C5\ul0\nosupersub\cf13\f14\fs32 '\ul0\nosupersub\ cf2\f3\fs32 ) \u351?i al treilea atom de carbon al pentozei urm\u259?toare(C3\ul 0\nosupersub\cf13\f14\fs32 '\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 ) \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 rezultând lan\u355?uri(catene) polinucleotidice cu structur\u259? regulat\u2 59? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 datorit\u259? leg\u259?turilor fosfodieste rice dintre nucleotide. \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 formând un dublu helix.i4583\sb368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 -adenina(A). rezult\u259? o nucleotid\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb246\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Radicalul fosfat\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 (P)formeaz\u259? leg\u259?turi esterice cu pentozele. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Combinarea unei baze a zotate purinice sau pirimidinice cu o \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1137\sb21\sl-406\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pentoz\u259? formeaz\u259? o \ul0\nosupersub\c f1\f2\fs32 nucleosid\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -guanina(G). \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 Legarea nucleotidelor între ele cu formarea lan\u355?urilor \par\par d\ql \li1278\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 polinucleotidice. unitatea de baz\u259? a \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 acizilor nucleici. \par\p ard\ql \li1638\ri1987\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Cele 2 catene de ADN sunt \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs3 2 antiparalele\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . o caten\u259? are \line\tab \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 orientare 5\ul0\nosupersub\cf13\f14\fs32 '\ul0\nosupersub\cf . reprezentat\u259? de structura bicatenar\u259? sub \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 form\u259? de dublu helix a ADN-ului. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -timina(T). reprezentat\u259? de secven\u355?a de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nucleotide d intr-o caten\u259?.Prin înl\u259?\u355?uirea nucleotidelor se ob\u355?in \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 polinucleotide\ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 reprezentat de: \par\pard\q l \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -riboz\u259?(R). prezente în ADN \u351?i ARN. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ACI DUL DEZOXIRIBONUCLEIC ADN \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 În macromolecula de ADN se deosebesc 2 tipuri de structuri: \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0 \sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg99}{\bkmkend Pg99}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \ par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1420\sb314\sl-420\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 a. \par\pard\ql \li1638\r i1358\sb186\sl-413\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Molecula de ADN este \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 bicatenar\ u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .\ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 structura primar\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 monocatenar\u259? .\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 structura secundar\u259?\ul0\nosu persub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1421\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 b. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Bazele azotate pirimidinice sunt: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -citozina(C). \par\pard\qj \li127 8\ri1688\sb173\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2 \fs32 Zah\u259?rul \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este un monozaharid cu 5 atomi de carbon(o pentoz\u259?). fiind format\u259? din 2 catene \line\tab \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 polinucleotidice r\u259?sucite una în jurul celeilalte în s piral\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -dezoxiriboz\u259?(D). prezent\u259? numai în ADN. \line \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -uracilul (U).Dac\u259? se ata\u351?eaz \u259? o grupare fosfat \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 la pentoza unei nucleoside. prez ent\u259? în structura ARN.prezent\u259? în structura ADN.

rezultând \line \t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ADN renaturat\ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . se refac \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 pun\u355?ile de hidrogen. proces numit \ ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 denaturare\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \u351?i rezult atul este ob\u355?inerea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de ADN monocatenar.Dac\u259? solu\u355?ia s e r\u259?ce\u351?te treptat. \par\pard\ql \li163 8\ri1416\sb210\sl-408\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -înrudirea filogenetic\u . \par\pard\ql \li1 638\ri1214\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf2\f3\fs32 Cele 2 catene sunt \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 complementare\ul 0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . se atrag între ele.Citirea \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 informa\u355?iei genetice se face întotdea una direc\u355?ia C5\ul0\nosupersub\cf13\f14\fs32 '\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 C3\ul0\nosupersub\cf13\f14\fs32 '\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . ADN-ul r\u259?mâne monocate nar \u351?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 se nume\u351?te \ul0\nosupersu b\cf1\f2\fs32 ADN denaturat\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .Leg\u259?turile \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 triple dintre guanin\u259? \u351?i citozin\u259? confer\u259? o stabilitate mai mare \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 regiunilor ADN bogate în aceste baze az otate.timina=adenina.2\f3\fs32 -3\ul0\nosupersub\cf13\f14\fs32 '\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -triple între guanin\u259? \u351?i citozin\u259?.citozina=-\par\pa rd\li1638\sb54\sl-368\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 guanina. iar cea lalt\u259? caten\u259? în sensul 3\ul0\nosupersub\cf13\f14\fs32 '\ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 -5\ul0\nosupersub\cf13\f14\fs32 '\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . în sensul c\u259? întotdeauna \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 o nucleotid\u259? care con\u355?ine o baz\u259? azotat\u259? purinic\ u259? se leag\u259? cu \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 o nucleotid\u259? care con\u355?ine o baz\u259? azotat\u259? pirimidinic\u259? \u351?i invers. moleculele devin bicatenare.\par\par d\li1638\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 Structura bicatenar\u259? a ADN se realizeaz\u259? cu ajutorul unor\par\par d\li1638\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pun\u355?i de hid rogen:\par\pard\qj \li1998\ri5646\sb16\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -duble între adenin\u259? \u351?i timin\u259?.guanina=-citozina. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb234\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 Rolul acestor procese: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1826\sb190\sl-420\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ob\u355?inerea hibrizilor într-un amestec de cate ne de ADN de la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 specii diferite. decât leg\u259?turile \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 duble între adenin\u2 59? \u351?i timin\u259?. \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 catenele se atrag pe baz\u259? de complementaritate. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb246\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 DENATURAREA \u350?I RENATURAREA ADN-U LUI \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Dac\u259? o solu\u3 55?ie în care se afl\u259? ADN este înc\u259?lzit\u259? pân\u259? la \par\pard\ql \li1 998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aproximativ 100ºC leg\u259?tur ile de hidrogen dintre perechile de \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 baze azotate complementare se rup \u351?i se separ\u259 ? cele 2 catene \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-24 0{\bkmkstart Pg100}{\bkmkend Pg100}\par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\ pard\qj\li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri1288\sb314\sl-420\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 de ADN. \pa r\pard\li1638\sb121\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0 \nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 În macromolecula de ADN exist\u259? \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 4\ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 tipuri de leg\u259?turi\ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 :\par\pard\li1638\sb1\sl-300\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 adenina=timina. \par\pa rd\ql \li1638\ri1121\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Dac\u259? solu\u355?ia este r\u259?cit\u259? brusc. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1118\sb2 16\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Leg\u259?turile sunt de natur\u259 ? electrostatic\u259?.

\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 genele care determin\u259? s inteza diferitelor tipuri de ARN. \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1 300\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Leg\u259?turile de hidrogen d intre catene se desfac treptat sub \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ac\u355?iun ea unei enzime numit\u259? ADN-polimeraza. având loc o \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 denaturare fiziologic\u259? progresiv\u259? a macromoleculei de \line \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ADN. procentul de renat urare \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 între monocatene ADN de la om \u351?i mo nocatene ADN de la \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 maimu\u355?e este de 75%. i ar procentul de renaturare între \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 monocatene de A DN de om \u351?i \u351?oarece este de 25%). începe refacerea ei. \par\pard\qj \li349 6\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li3496\ri2922\sb382\sl-400\slmult0\fi106 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 1.Între 2 nucleotid e \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 succesive se formeaz\u259? leg\u259?tur . cu atât renaturarea se face mai \line \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 repede \u351?i într-o propor\u355?ie mai mare(ex. astfel încât celulele fiice s\u259? \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 aib\u259? aceea\u351?i cantitate d e ADN.259? a speciilor de la care provine ADN-ul. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf 3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Nucle otidele libere din citoplasma celulei se asociaz\u259? \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 succesiv. care vor avea rol de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 matri\u355?\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -func\u355?ia \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 heterocataliti c\u259? sau sinteza proteinelor\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .Cu \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 cât speciile sunt mai înrudite. deoarece fi ecare molecul\u259? \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\s l-240{\bkmkstart Pg101}{\bkmkend Pg101}\par\pard\qj \li2358\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \ par\pard\qj\li2358\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li2358\ri1498\sb314\sl-420\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 de ADN fiic\u259?(nou format\u259?) con\u355?ine o caten\u259? din molecula \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 parental\u259? \u351?i o caten\u259? nou -sintetizat\u259?. numit-punct de ini\u355?iere al \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 replic\u259?rii. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Cele 2 catene de ale macrome leculei de ADN se separ\u259? \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 treptat po rnind dintr-un punct.FUNC\u354?IA AUTOCATALITIC\ u258? SAU \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 REPLICAREA(AUTOCOPIEREA)ADN \par\par d\ql \li1998\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf 4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Sinteza ADN-ului se nume\u351?t e replica\u355?ie \u351?i se realizeaz\u259? \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb32\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dup\u259? modelul semiconservativ. cu nucleotidele \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 libere din monocatenele de ADN. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1665\sb219\sl -400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -prin hibridarea molecular\u259? ADN-AR N se pot localiza în ADN. \u351?i se continu\u259? pân\u259? la punctul termin al de \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 replicare. pe baz\u259? de complementaritate.Rezult\u259? 2 monocatene de ADN. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb23\sl-368\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Pentru realizarea diviziunii celulare trebuie dublat\u259? \par\pard\ql \li1998 \ri1403\sb17\sl-411\slmult0\fi360\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cantitatea de material genetic. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri 1158\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Pe m\u259?sur\u259? ce spirala se desface. \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Dubl area cantit\u259?\u355?ii de ADN este realizat\u259? prin procesul de \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 replicare \u351?i are loc în interfaza ciclului celul ar. ca \u351?i celula -mam\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FUNC\u354?IILE ADN \par\pard \ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ADN-ul\ul0\nosupers ub\cf2\f3\fs32 are 2 func\u355?ii: \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2039\sb24\sl-620\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -func\u355?ia autocatalitic\u259? sau \ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 replicarea (autocopierea)ADN.

\par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1448\sb10\sl-410\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Unit\u259?\u355?ile de codificare a informa\u355 ?iei genetice sunt codonii. cu rol de matr i\u355?\u259?(de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 model) \u351?i o caten\u259? nou-si ntetizat\u259?. moleculele-fiice fiind \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 identice cu molecula mam\u259?. fiecare având o caten\u259? veche. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb205\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CARACTERISTICILE CODUL UI GENETIC \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1181\sb218\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 Codul genetic este degenerat. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1249\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx2358\tx2358\tx2 358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Modelul semiconservativ de rep licare asigur\u259? sinteza noilor \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 molecul e de ADN cu mare fidelitate. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Codonul este alc\u 259?tuit dintr-o secven\u355?\u259? de 3 nucleotide \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 al\u259?turate din macromolecula de ADN care determin\u259? pozi\u355?ia \ line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 unui aminoacid în molecula de protein\u259? sau s fâr\u351?itul sintezei \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 proteice. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1292\sb190\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc . deci un aminoacid poa te fi codificat de mai \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mul\u355?i codoni sinonimi. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Se ob\u355?in 2 molecule de ADN bicatenar . \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Catenele replic\u259? se ata\u351?eaz\u2 59? de catenele matri\u355?\u259? prin \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 le g\u259?turi de hidrogen. \par\pard\qj \li 2358\ri4103\sb20\sl-400\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Conform dogmei centale a ge neticii: \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex84 ADN ARN Proteine \ par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1244\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 info rma\u355?ia genetic\u259? se reproduce prin replica\u355?ie \u351?i este decodif icat\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 într-o protein\u259? sau enzim\u259? prin t ranscrip\u355?ie \u351?i transla\u355?ie. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1251\sb212\sl-4 10\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Leg\u259?tura dintre secven\u355?a nucleo tidelor în ADN \u351?i succesiunea \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aminoaciz ilor în molecula proteic\u259? se realizeaz\u259? cu ajutorul \line \tab \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 codului genetic. \par\pard\ql \l i1638\ri1139\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Între secven\u355?a n ucleotidelor din ADN \u351?i secven\u355?a aminoacizilor \line\tab \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 din molecula proteic\u259? este o strâns\u259? corela\u355?ie. identice cu cea \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri1426\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 ini\u355?ial\u259?. rezultând o caten\u259? polipeptidic\u259? nou\u259?.FUNC\u354?IA HETE ROCATALITIC\u258? sau sinteza proteinelor \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\ paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg102}{\bkmkend Pg102}\par\pard\qj \li199 8\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ ri1378\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f s32 Proteinele sunt macromolecule formate prin înl\u259?n\u355?uirea într-o \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 anumit\u259? succesiune a celor 20 de aminoacizi. feno men numit \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 col inearitate\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . fiind alc\u259?tuit din 64 de codoni \u351 ?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 20 de aminoacizi. informa\u355?ia genetic\u259? ce determin\u259? ord inea de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 succesiune a aminoacizilor. prin intermediul \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 grupului fo sfat.Legea \line \tab \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 nucleotidelor este catalizat\u259? de enzimele ADN-ligaze.i covalente. \par\pard\ ql \li2358\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\ f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Macromoleculele de ADN con\u355?in programul sintezei \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1334\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 proteinelor. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb193\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2.

24577.(0.(0.45824.(0.(0.100).45824.4).16384.(302.(0.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.16.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6122\shptop4201\shpright6420\shpbottom4399\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz495\shplid3 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 198}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4948\shptop4188\shpright5250\shpbottom4388\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz469\shplid1 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 302}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5940\shptop4295\shpright6182\shpbottom4315\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz489\shplid2 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 242}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.4.(0.24577.16384.200).24577.198).113)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(242.45824.alex97 Din cei 64 de codoni ai codului genetic.(0.1.20).(298.(298.0).1.(0.(0.24577.1.1.45824.45824.45824.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.1.1.7.(92.(242.45824.1.45824.0).100)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(8.10. un num\u259?r de 61 codific\u259 ? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cei 20 de aminoacizi.45824.8). \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1939\sb2 19\sl-400\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Codul genetic este \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f 2\fs32 nesuprapus\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .UAG.UGA)nu codific\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 aminoacizi.4). {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4920\shptop4281\shpright5012\shpbottom4295\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz463\shplid0 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 92}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 14}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1. iar 3 codoni (UAA.45824.(92.10).10.45824.16384.45824.(302.0).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g103}{\bkmkend Pg103}\par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638 \sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\ri1155\sb342\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 Codul genetic este \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 f\u259?r\u259?\ul0\nosu .45 824.45824.113).4.45824.10.45824.20).1.0). sunt codoni \ul0\nosupers ub\cf1\f2\fs32 STOP\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .4.16384.45824.1.1.1.(92.14).1. ceea ce înseamn\u259? c\u259? 2 \li ne\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 codoni vecini nu au nucleotide comune.1.1.

\par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1092\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 const\u259? în copierea informa\u355?iei genetice dintr-o caten\u259? de ADN \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 în ARNm cu ajutorul enzimei ARN polimeraz a. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 ARNm copiaz\u259? informa\u355?ia genetic\u259? a mai multor gene. se sintetizeaz\u259? direct ARNm care particip\u259? la \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 procesul sintezei proteice. prin transcriere. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb18\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Gena la eucariote este format\u259? din mai multe buc \u259?\u355?i. \par\pard\ qj \li1998\ri2339\sb19\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sec\u355?iona rea ARNm precursor cu ajutorul unor enzime \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 specifice . \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb252\ sl-368\slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Transcri p\u355?ia\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Codul genetic este \ul0\no supersub\cf1\f2\fs32 universal\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 în toat\u259? lumea vie aceea\u351?i \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 codoni codific\u259? acela\ u351?i aminoacid. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1378\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -e liminarea secven\u355?elor non-informa\u355?ionale(introni) \u351?i legarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 secven\u355?elor informa\u355?ionale(exoni) între ei. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1768\sb20 \sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Genele la procariote au o structur\u 259? continu\u259?.ARNm copiaz\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 informa\u355?ia genetic\u2 59? numai a unei catene din macromolecula de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 A DN. este copiat\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1 998\sb75\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Schema transcrip\u355?iei la eucariote \par\pard\li1998\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\ tx8075 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 începutul genei\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sfâr\u351?itul genei\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb39\sl-368\ . \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\b kmkstart Pg104}{\bkmkend Pg104}\par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard \qj\li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri2000\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -ARNm matur trece din nucl eu în citoplasm\u259? \u351?i ajunge la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ribozomi prin fenomenul de difuziune. con\u355?in numai \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 secven\u355?e informa\u355?ionale. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 genele cuprind secven\u355?e de nucleotide inform a\u355?ionale \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 denumite-exoni \u351?i secven\u3 55?e non-informa\u355?ionale denumite \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex95 introni( elimina\u355?i în transcrip\u355?ie). dar \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1575\sb21\sl-406\slmult0\fi360\tx1998\ tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 numai exonii sunt transcri\u351?i în ARNm. \pa r\pard\ql \li1998\ri1107\sb0\sl-415\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -La euca riote.La eucariot e. într-o molecul\u259? de \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 ARNm informa\u355?ia genetic\u259? a unei singure gene. iar informa\u355?ia lor este \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 decodificat\u259? \u351?i transformat\u259? într-o secven\u355?\u259? aminoacizi. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ETAPELE\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \ul0\nos upersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SINTEZEI\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\ fs32 PROTEICE \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 Etapele sintezei proteice sunt:\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 trascrip\u355?ia \u351?i transla\u355?ia\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 . prima etap\u259? în procesul de sintez\u259 ? proteic\u259?. \par \pard\qj \li1998\ri1397\sb4\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -formarea \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ARNm matur\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 alc\u259?tui t exclusiv din exoni asambla\u355?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cu ajutorul enzi mei-ligaza.persub\cf2\f3\fs32 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 virgule\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs 32 sau alte semne de punctua\u355?ie. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1467\sb13\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -La procariote. \line \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Etapele transcrip\u355?iei la eucariote sunt: \li ne \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -sinteza unui \u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ARNm precurs\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 or.

\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Ini\u355?ierea s intezei preoteice\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ARNm se cuplea z\u259? cu riboromii din citoplasm\u259? formând \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 poliribozomi. în urma c\u259?reia o \line\tab \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 secven\u355?\u259? de nucleotide din ARNm este transformat\u 259? într-o \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 secven\u355?\u259? de aminoaciz i în molecula proteic\u259?.slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ADN \par\pard\li1998\sb49\sl-368\slmult0\fi0 \tx3317\tx4530\tx5850\tx7062\tx8382\tx9594 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Extron1\t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Intron1\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Extron2\t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Intron2\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Extron3\t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Intron3\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Extron4\p ar\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-415\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-415\slmult0 \pa r\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-415\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\ri1672\sb272\sl-415\slmu lt0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\ f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Transla\u355?ia\ul0\nosupersub\cf 2\f3\fs32 (traducerea) mesajului genetic. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 aminoacidul se leag\u259? de a cidul adenozinmonofosfat(AMP) \u351?i 2 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 grup\u259?ri fosfat sunt puse în libertate. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ ql\li1998\sb98\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex92 AA+ATP AA-AMP+P-P \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 AA=aminoac id oarecare \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ATP=acid adenozintrifosfat \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri5280\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 AMP=acid adenozinmonotrifosfat \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 P-P=pirofosfat \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 -=leg\u259?tura chimic\u259? purt\u259?toare de energie \par\pard\qj \li19 98\ri1697\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Aminoacidul activat se ata\u351?eaz\u259? unei molecule de ARN de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 transfer (ARNt) sub influen\u355?a enzimei aminoacil {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop3905\shpright3207\shpbottom3905\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3207\shptop3905\shpright4420\shpbottom3905\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4420\shptop3905\shpright5740\shpbottom3905\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5740\shptop3905\shpright6952\shpbottom3905\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6952\shptop3905\shpright8272\shpbottom3905\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8272\shptop3905\shpright9484\shpbottom3905\shpfhdr0\shp . etap\u259? în care un aminoacid AA \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 este activat în urma reac\u355?iei cu molecula de acid \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 adenozintrifosfat(ATP) care este donatoare de energie sub \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ac\u355?iunea enzimelor aminoacil-sinte taze.Ca urmare. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb24\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 Se realizeaz\u259? în 3 etape: \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1143\sb19\sl-408\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 1.

bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9484\shptop3905\shpright10804\shpbottom3905\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz81\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1890\shptop4465\shpright3207\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3207\shptop4465\shpright4420\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz87\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4420\shptop4465\shpright5740\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz90\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5740\shptop4465\shpright6952\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz93\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6952\shptop4465\shpright8272\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz96\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8272\shptop4465\shpright9484\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz99\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9484\shptop4465\shpright10804\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz102\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop5023\shpright3207\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz105\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3207\shptop5023\shpright4420\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz108\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4420\shptop5023\shpright5740\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz111\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5740\shptop5023\shpright6952\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp .

bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz114\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6952\shptop5023\shpright8272\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz117\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8272\shptop5023\shpright9484\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz120\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9484\shptop5023\shpright10804\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz123\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop3905\shpright1888\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz126\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1888\shptop4465\shpright1888\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz129\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3207\shptop3908\shpright3207\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz132\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3207\shptop4465\shpright3207\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz135\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4420\shptop3908\shpright4420\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz138\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4420\shptop4465\shpright4420\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz141\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5740\shptop3908\shpright5740\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz144\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5740\shptop4465\shpright5740\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz147\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6952\shptop3908\shpright6952\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp .

10.0).32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s .45 824.1.16.45824.45824.4).(0.24577.45824.(302.14).10).86)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.4.1.bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz150\shplid29{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6952\shptop4465\shpright6952\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz153\shplid30{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8272\shptop3908\shpright8272\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz156\shplid31{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft8272\shptop4465\shpright8272\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz159\shplid32{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9484\shptop3908\shpright9484\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz162\shplid33{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft9484\shptop4465\shpright9484\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz165\shplid34{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft10804\shptop3905\shpright10804\shpbottom4465\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz168\shplid35{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft10804\shptop4465\shpright10804\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz171\shplid36{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3900\shptop11366\shpright3992\shpbottom11380\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz530\shplid37 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 92}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 14}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.0).1.45824.1.(0.(302.1.16384.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft3928\shptop11274\shpright4230\shpbottom11472\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz536\shplid38 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 302}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 198}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.(92.(0.45824.45824.198).8).1.1.45824.45824.(8.(92.(0.45824.1.16384.4)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.(0.45824.4).1.(92.86).24577.7.

Aminoacizii sunt tran sfera\u355?i la locul sintezei proteice \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 în ribozomi. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb25\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ACIDUL RIBONUCL EIC-ARN \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1143\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x96 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Acidul ribonucleic-ARN este o substan\u355?\u2 59? macromolecular\u259?.0). \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Poate avea structur\u259? monocatenar\u259? sau mai ra r \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bicatenar \u259?.(0. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1067\sb0\sl-420\ slmult0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ARNm-mesager\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 copiaz\u2 59? informa\u355?ia genetic\u259? a unei catene din \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 macromolecula de ADN \u351?i o duce la nivelul ribozomilor unde {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft4876\shptop3705\shpright5088\shpbottom3725\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz471\shplid0 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 212}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 20}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Leg\u259?turile dintre nucleotide sunt fosfodiesterice . gripal. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb84\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 TIPURI DE ARN-structur \u259? \u351?i func\u355?ii \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1869\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx199 8 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersu b\cf1\f2\fs32 ARNv-viral\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 constituie materialul ge netic al ribovirusurilor: \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -bacterofagi(vir usuri ale bacteriilor). poliomielitei).0)}} . fiind alc\u259?tuit dintr-un \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 singur lan\u355? polinucleotidic.20).(212. \ par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1714\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ARNm p rezint\u259? un codon START(AUG) care corespunde \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ami noacidului metionina \u351?i un codon STOP care semnific\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 sfâr\u351?itul unui mesaj genetic. în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 general cu structur\u259? monocatenar\u259?.4. \par\pa rd\qj \li1998\ri1591\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Enzimele pep tidpolimeraze catalizeaz\u259? formarea leg\u259?turilor \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 peptidice între aminoacizi.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Terminarea si ntezei proteice\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 presupune eliberarea catenei \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 polipeptidice de la ultimul ARNt \u351?i disocierea ribozom ului de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ARNm. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb34\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex92 AA-AMP+ARNt AA-ARNt+AMP \par\pard\qj \li 1998\ri1396\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2.p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g105}{\bkmkend Pg105}\par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998 \sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri1307\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sintetaz\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1818\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Molecule de ARNt sunt puse în libertate \u351?i sunt r eciclate. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb3\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 AA 1-ARNt1+AA2-ARNt2 AA1-AA2+ARNt1+ARNt2 \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1164\sb18\sl-410 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 3.(0.20).\ul0\nosupersub\cf1 \f2\fs32 Elongarea catenei proteice\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 const\u259? în for marea leg\u259?turilor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 peptidice între aminoacizii a 2 complexe AA1-ARNt1 \u351?i AA2-\line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ARNt2. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 refolosite în procesul de sintez\u259? prote ic\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -virusuri vegetale(virusul mozaicului tutunului).(212.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ARNv\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este purt\u2 59?torul informa\u355?iei ereditare \u351?i la \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 viroizi(care au o molecul\u259? mic\u259? de ARN.f\u259?r\u259? înveli\u351? proteic). \par\pard\ql \li1 998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -virusuri animale(virusul tu rb\u259?rii.

Fenomenu l de copiere se nume\u351?te \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 trasncrip\u355?ie.(10.45824.(0.198).24577.45824.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g106}{\bkmkend Pg106}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998 \sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\ri1198\sb333\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 are loc sinteza proteinelor.1. cu por\u355?iuni bicate nare.16384.2).10.0)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.1. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ARNm este monocate nar \u351?i are lungime variabil\u259? în func\u355?ie de \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 m\u259?rimea moleculelor proteice care vor fi sintetizate.(298.(298.45824.100)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.45824.1.(60.0).1.Sinte za de ARNm are loc în nucleu.(0.45824.(0. \par\pard\ql \li1 638\ri1588\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ARNt-de transfer\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .45824.(0.45 824.1.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft5028\shptop3611\shpright5326\shpbottom3811\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz477\shplid1 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 298}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 200}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.6.1.0).114)}} {\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.10).45824.1.4).8).100).(302.45824.1.45824.1.32768}} {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6146\shptop6892\shpright6448\shpbottom7090\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz503\shplid3 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 302}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 198}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.1. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca .45824. este monocatenar\u259?.45824.45824.(302.45824.0).(60.1.45824.10.114).4.{\sp{\sn pSegmentInfo}{\sv 2.1.la ribozomi.1.16384.45824.Molecula este format\u259? din 70-90 de \line \tab \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 nucleotide.24577.4.(0.45824.14.(0.10.200). tra nsport\u259? aminoacizii la locul sintezei \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 proteice.(0. care \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 formeaz\u259? o tij\u259? \u35 1?i trei bucle mari care îi dau aspectul unei \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 98 frunze de trifoi.32768} } {\sp{\sn fFillOK}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fFilled}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn fillColor}{\sv 0}}{\s p{\sn fLine}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fArrowheadsOK}{\sv 1}}{\s p{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6150\shptop6986\shpright6210\shpbottom6996\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz497\shplid2 {\sp{\sn shapeType}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipH}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn fFlipV}{\sv 0}}{\sp{ \sn geoRight}{\sv 60}}{\sp{\sn geoBottom}{\sv 10}} {\sp{\sn pVerticies}{\sv 8.24577.Are 2 poli func\u355?ionali: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb35\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -un pol la care se ata\u351?eaz\u259? un a numit aminoacid.16384.16384.24577.

la care materialul genetic este \line\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 reprezentat de ADN. care reprezint\u259? unitatea \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 morfologic\u259? \u351?i func\u355?ional\u259? a virusurilor este alc\u 259?tuit din: \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -înveli\u351? proteic. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb247\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Moleculele de ADN pot fi: \par\pard\ql \li2 717\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -monocatenare(bacteriofagul phi X174). \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1121\sb18\sl-410\slmult0\fi359\tx2717 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -bicatenare(virusul herpetic.\par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1182\sb5\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 Un ribozom este format din 2 subunit\u259?\u355?i:o subunit ate mare \u351?i o \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 subunitate mic\u259? care v or recunoa\u351?te \u351?i vor ata\u351?a între ele \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 nucleotidele de recunoa\u351?tere de la începutul moleculei de \line \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 ARNm. enzime \u351?i metabolism. intr\u259? în alc\u259?tuirea ribozomilor \u351?i are rol în\par\pard\li1638\sb1\sl-297\slmult0\fi360 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 sinteza proteinelor. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosu . \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2623\sb2 0\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\l i1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb111\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ORGANIZAREA MATERIALULUI GENETIC \par\ pard\ql \li1638\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ORGANIZAREA MAT ERIALULUI GENETIC LA VIRUSURI \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1377\sb198\sl-410\slmult0\t x1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3 913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Virusurile sunt entit\u259?\u355?i genetice in fec\u355?ioase.\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Virus ul vegetativ\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri130 7\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 3. este acidul nucleic integrat în cromozomul unei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 celule gazd\u259?. majoritatea bacteriofagilor). \par\pard\ql \li163 8\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u -3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Virusurile se prezint\u259? în 3 st\u259?ri: \ par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg10 7}{\bkmkend Pg107}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb 0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\ri1344\sb342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 1. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1396\sb19\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 -miez. \par\pard\li1638\sb1 26\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f 5\fs22 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ARNr -ribozomal\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .lex97 -un pol care con\u355?ine o secven\u355?\u259? de 3 nucleotide care \par\p ard\qj \li1998\ri1448\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 recunoa\u35 1?te o anumit\u259? secven\u355?\u259? de ARNm unde se ata\u351?eaz\u259? \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 pe baza complementarit\u259?\u355?ii. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb47\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Clasificar ea virusurilor: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1536\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 În func\u355?ie de acidul nucleic con\u355 ?inut în genom.Virionul(virusul infec\u355?ios matur )\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 .\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Provirusul\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . numit capsi d\u259? viral\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1128\sb18\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 Ribozomii au fost descoperi\u355?i de savantul român George E mil \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Palade. \line \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 \u350?tiin\u355?a care se ocup\u259? cu studiul virusurilor se nume \u351?te \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 virusologie.virusurile sunt \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 grupate în 2 categorii: \ par\pard\qj \li2358\ri2056\sb20\sl-400\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 dezoxiribov irusuri\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 lipsite de organizare celular\u259?. submicroscopice \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cu dimensi uni cuprinse între 80-2500 Å. numit genom viral reprezentat de un singur tip de acid \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nucleic(ADN sau ARN). parazite intracelular. este acidul nucleic aflat liber în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 citoplasma celulei gazd\u259?. laureat al premiului Nobel pentru aceast\u259? descoperire.

la care materialul genetic este reprezentat d e \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ARN. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl -368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Forma virus urilor\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh 15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg108}{\bkmkend Pg108}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\ sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl -368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Virusurile pot avea forme diferite :cilindric\u259? (virusul mozaicului \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1565\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex98 tutunului). deviaz\u259 ? \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1263\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pro cesele de biosintez\u259? caracteristice celulei gazd\u259? care \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 va efectua sinteze noi. ca la unii bacteriofagi(virusuri ale \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 bacteriilor). iar \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 celu la gazd\u259? asigur\u259? sustan\u355?ele. echipamentul enzimatic \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 \u351?i energia necesar\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb43\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\ f3\fs32 Au loc: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -sinteza de acid nucleic viral \u351?i de proteine virale. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -bicat enare(reovirusuri). paralelipipedic\u259?. sinteza \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 alteia. turbarea.hepatita epidemic\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Multiplicarea virusurilor\ul0\nosupersub\cf 2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Virusurile n u se multiplic\u259?. varicela. ele \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 oferind informa\u355?ia ereditar\u259? pentru a fi reproduse. virusul variolei. sunt \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1262\sb0\s l-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 multiplicate de celula gazd\u259? pe c are o paraziteaz\u259?. virusul imu nodeficien\u355?ei umane dobândite-HIV care \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 produce SI DA). poliomelita(paralizia \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 infantil\u259?). \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\p ard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg109}{\bkmkend Pg109}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-410\ slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1244\sb342\ sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -la HIV m . sinteza alteia \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 complementare. devine matri\u355?\u259? pt. dup\u259? modelul furnizat de virusul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 vegetativ. herpesul. sferic\u259 ?(virusul gripal). sinteza ARN-\line \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 ului ini\u355?ial. virusul mozaicului tutunului\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 VMT. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1244\sb189\sl-410\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la ribovirusuri catena de ARN serve\u351?te ca ma tri\u355?\u259? pt. ca re la rândul ei. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 form\u259? de cirea\u351?\u259? c u coad\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -lizarea cel ulei gazd\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Replicarea materialului gen etic viral \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Replica\u355?ia materialului genetic viral se bazea z\u259? pe \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 complementaritatea bazelor azotate. dar cu unele particularit\u259?\u355?i: \par \pard\qj \li1278\ri1174\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -la dez oxiribovirusuri catena de ADN serve\u351?te ca matri\u355?\u259? pt. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -eliberarea noilor virioni. nu se înmul\u355?esc.persub\cf2\f3\fs32 ribovirusuri. mare de virioni. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb245\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Moleculele de ARN pot fi: \par\pard\qj \li271 7\ri1104\sb198\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -monocatenare(virusul gripal. variola. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 Virusurile p\u259?trunse în organismul uman produc boli numite \par\pard \qj \li1278\ri1865\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 viroze:gripa. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb40\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosu persub\cf2\f3\fs32 Genomul viral p\u259?trunde în celula gazd\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2454\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -asamblarea noilo r componente într-un nr.

reprezentat de plasmide. \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1356\sb211\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 C romozomul are o lungime de 1000 de ori mai mare decât \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 diametrul celulei. sinteza unei catene \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 de ADN sub ac\u355?iunea enzimei reverstranscriptaz\u259?. care este fixat de \line \t ab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 membrana celular\u259? prin mezozom. \par\pard\ql \li271 7\ri1118\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se replic\u259? indepen dent de ADN-ul cromozomial. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb13\sl-368\slmult0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw-3\charscalex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3 \fs32 Cromozomul bacterian are form\u259? circular\u259?. cu 40-50 de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bucle \u351 ?i superr\u259?suciri care î\u351?i p\u259?streaz\u259? structura cu \line \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 ajutorul unor molecule de ARN.Ca \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urmare toate genele de la bacteria m am\u259? se transmit în \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 bloc la bacteriile fiice .olecula de Arn serve\u351?te ca matri\u355?\u259? pt. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 redus de 6-8 gene. \line \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 -reprezint\u259? un minicromozom. ce delimiteaz\u259? la interior \li ne \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 citoplasma. dispus\u259? în citoplasm\u259? \u351?i care \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 formeaz\u259? cromozomul unic bacterian. \par\pard \ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1 \f2\fs32 ORGANIZAREA MATERIALULUI GENETIC LA PROCARIOTE \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1 138\sb195\sl-413\slmult0\tx2717\tx2717\tx2717\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosu persub\cf2\f3\fs32 Procariotele sunt reprezentate de bacterii \u351?i alge abast re-\line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 verzi(cianobacterii).\par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1530\sb8\sl-410\slmult0\tx2717\tx2717\tx2717 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Materialul genetic la procariote este rep rezentat de un \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cromozom format dintr-o sin gur\u259? molecul\u259? circular\u259? de \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ADN. utilizând \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ca \u351?i virus urile substan\u355?ele \u351?i energia celulei gazd\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb245 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Plasmidele-caracteristici: \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs 24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg110}{\bkmkend Pg110}\par \pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\ pard\ql\li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2717\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -sunt molecule circulare de AD N bicatenar care \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 reprezint\u259? 1% din cromozomul bacterian principal.Bacteriile mai con\u355?in \u351?i ADN \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 extracromozomial. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 La bacterii materialul g enetic este reprezentat de o \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 molecul\u259 ? de ADN. \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1269\sb0\sl-413\slmult0\tx2717\tx2717\tx2717\tx2717 \tx2717\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Celula bacterian\u2 59? prezint\u259? la exterior un perete celular \u351?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 o membran\u259? celular\u259?. deoarece con\u355?in un nr. care sunt organis me unicelulare sau \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 coloniale lipsite de n ucleu tipic. \par\pard\li2358\sb42\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Materialul genetic este reprezentat de nucleoid. fiind \par\pard\ql \li 2717\ri1082\sb19\sl-408\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 reprezentat de o mol ecul\u259? de ADN bicatenar. aflt\u259? în \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 echipamentul virusului. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb220\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Exemple de pla . de mitocondrii \u351?i aparat \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 Golgi.În centrul celulei este situat nucl eoidul. dispus în\p ar\pard\li2358\sb45\sl-368\slmult0\fi359 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 citoplasm\u 259?.Cromozomul bacterian \line \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 con\u355?ine cca 2000-3000 de gene care trasnmit înl\u25 9?n\u355?uit.

sit uat în nucleu \u351?i \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1602\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 reprezentat de acizi nucleici. care formeaz\u259? cromatina \up0 . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb2 45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Materi alul genetic la eucariote\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este reprezentat de: \par\ pard\ql \li2717\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf1\f2\fs32 1. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1511\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 -vectori în ingineria genetic\u259? cu ajutorul c\u259?rora pot fi \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 introduse în celula bacterian\u259? gene de la eucario te. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1637\sb20\sl-400\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -viteza cu care se realizeaz\u259? denaturarea-r enaturarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 este diferit\u259?. determinând cre\u351?terea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 variab ilit\u259?\u355?ii genetice în cadrul speciei. care \par\pa rd\qj \li2717\ri1370\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de\u355?in g enele de rezisten\u355?\u259? la antibiotice-markeri genetici \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 importan\u355?i \u351?i u\u351?or de depistat prin antibiograme.\ul0\no supersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Materialul genetic nuclear\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . cu nucleu \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pr ev\u259?zut cu membran\u259? nuclear\u259? \u351?i care con\u355?in mitocondrii \u351?i aparat \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Golgi.smide\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1993\sb218\sl-410\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 factorul F(\ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 factorul de sex) con\u355?ine gene care pot fi \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 transferate unei alte celule bacteriene. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb25\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ADN-UL extranuclear are unele particular it\u259?\u355?i: \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 -se replic\u259? dup\u259? modelul semiconservativ. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -rol în tehnologia ADN-ului recombinat. dar nu în \par\pard\qj \ li2717\ri1120\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 perioada de sintez \u259? S a ciclului celular. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1331\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x96 -greutatea molecular\u259? \u351?i raportul A+T/G+C sunt diferite \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 de ADN nuclear. \par\pard\qj \li2717\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \pa r\pard\qj\li2717\ri2368\sb19\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf1\f2\fs32 ORGANIZAREA MATERIALULUI GENETIC LA \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x98 EUCARIOTE \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{ \bkmkstart Pg111}{\bkmkend Pg111}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pa rd\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1191\sb342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Eucariotele sunt organis me unicelulare sau pluricelulare. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1063\sb12\sl -410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 -popula\u355?ia bacterian\u259? are o mare heterogenitate. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 2. adaptarea la mediu a \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 bacteri ilor. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ ri1405\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -nu se ob\u355?in hibrizi moleculari între ADN nuclear \u351?i ADN \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 extranuclear . prin existen\u355? a acizilor nucleici ADN \u351?i ARN. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2717\sb77\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -de\u355?in genele de rezisten\u355?\u259? la antibiotice. de form\u259? circular\u259?. ci independent de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ADN n uclear. ceea ce \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 reprezint\u259? un ava ntaj selectiv pt. local izat în \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1458\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 cloroplaste(ADNcp) \u351?i mitocondrii(ADNmit).Materilul genetic extranuclear\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . \par\ pard\ql \li1278\sb213\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf1\f2\fs32 Importan\u355?a plasmidelor: \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1726\sb226\sl-4 00\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -rol în recombi narea genetic\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb45\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 factorul R(\ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 factorul de rezisten\u355?\u259? la antibiotice).Materialul \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 genetic extranuclear este reprezentat de o molecul\u259? de \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex98 ADN. având rol în \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 recombinarea genetic\u259?. \lin e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -realizarea proceselor de sintez\u259? proteic\u25 9? în celula \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 bacterian\u259?.

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1350\ sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Proteinele histonice intr\u259? în structura nucleosomului. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Nucleosomul este eleme ntul structural al fibrei de cromatin\u259?. \par \pard\ql \li1638\sb241\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf1\f2\fs32 Modelul nucleosomal \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1667\sb190\sl-420\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -Cromatina eucariotel or are aspect de \u8222?\u351?irag de perle\u8221? în care \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 fiecare \u8222?perl\u259?\u8221? reprezint\u259? nucleosomul. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CROMOZOMUL la eucariote\ul0 \nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 con\u355?ine: \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -13-15% ADN. alc\u259?tuit din unit\u259?\u355?i care se repet\u259? denumite \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nucleosomi. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Eurocr omatina este forma activ\u259? genetic în transcrierea \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri1162 \sb0\sl-412\slmult0\fi360\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998\tx1998 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 cromatinei interfazice mai pu\u355?in condensat\u259?. care con\u355?ine cea \ line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mai mare parte din proteinele nonhistonice care condi\u355?ioneaz\u259? \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 func\u355?io narea materialului genetic în replicare sau transcriere. \line \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Hete rocromatina este forma inactiv\u259? genetic. care nu poate fi \line\tab \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 transcris\u259? în proteine. care \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 poate fi împ\u259?r\u355?it în 2 categorii: \par\pard\ql \li3077\ri1094\sb189 \sl-410\slmult0\tx3437\tx3437\tx3437 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 secven\u355?e unice de nucleo tide. în care anumite secven\u355?a de \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 nucleotide se repet\u259? de un nr.\expndtw0\charscalex98 nucleului. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 secven\u355?a repetitive. cu rol informa\u355?ional. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1297\sb220\sl-400\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -prezint\u259? 2 st\u259?ri func\u355?ionale a lternative \u351?i reversibile eurocromatina \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i heterocromatina. \par\pard\qj \ li1278\ri1777\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -este un lan\u355 ? flexibil. \par\ pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ADN-ul repetiti v este non-informa\u355?ional. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Crom atina eucariotelor: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -reprezint\u259? forma interfazic\u259? a cromozomilor. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb47\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ioni de CA. având func\u355?ii reglatoare în pro cesul de \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sintez\u259? proteic\u259?. în \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 care sun t incluse genele \u351?i care se numesc exoni. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1261\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 La eucariote secven\u355?ele de nucleotide repetitiv e sunt intercalate cu \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 secven\u355?e unice non-repeti tive.de Mg. \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 -mici cantit\u259?\u355?i de lipide. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw122 40\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg113}{\bkmkend Pg113}\par\pard\qj \li 1638\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li16 38\ri1080\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 -Un nucleosom este format dintr-un octamer histonic care con\u355?ine \up . iar proteinele \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 nonhistoni ce sunt activatori ai genelor. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb0\sl-368\slmult 0 \par\pard\ql\li2717\sb84\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -12-13%ARN cromozomial. variabil de ori \u351?i care \line \tab \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 formeaz\u259? intronii cu rol în reglajul genetic. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840 \pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg112}{\bkmkend Pg112}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-42 0\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1457\sb31 4\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Compone nta de baz\u259? a cromozomului eucariot este ADN-ul. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri3165\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 -68-72% proteine histonice \u351?i nonhistonice.

0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 câte 2 molecule de: histon\u259?H2A. \par\pard\ql \li1638\ri 1095\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 numite cromatide. format din circa 140 de perechi \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de nucleo tide dispuse sub forma a 2 inele la vârful \u351?i la baza \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 octamerului. cromozomul interfazic este reprezentat de ADN \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 circular. înconjurat la \par\pard\ql \li 1638\ri1293\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 exterior de un segme nt de ADN. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 -Leg\u259?tura dintre 2 nucleosomi se realizeaz\u259? cu ajutorul unei \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1559\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 secven\u355?e de ADN format\u259? din câteva 10 de nucleotide care se \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 g\u259?sesc unite prin intermediul unei proteine histonice H1.Capetele cromozomilor se \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex94 numesc telomere. în func\u355?ie de pozi\u355?ia centromer ului\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 : \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1580\sb226\sl-400\slmul t0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u-3913?\ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 cromozomi metacentrici-centromerul este plasat median. precum \u351?i niveluri d e condensare \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 împachetare superioare mate rialului genetic de la procariote. \par\pard\ ql \li2358\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -are 2 bra\u355?e ine gale. având o structur\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 chimic\u259? mai complex\u259?.La \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 procariote. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Tipuri de cromozomi. \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1553\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\fi3 60\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -prezint\u259? constric\u355?ie secundar\u . \par\pard\ sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg114}{\bkmke nd Pg114}\par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\sb0\sl-420\ slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\ri1471\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Cromozomii metafazici sunt mai condensa\u355?i. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fiecare cromatid\u259?. H3 \u35 1?i H4. pt. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -O ctamerul histonic formeaz\u259? un cilindru turtit. \par\pard\ql \l i1638\ri1736\sb187\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Fibra de cromatin \u259? la eucariote are un grad mai mare de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 st abilitate la ac\u355?iunea factorilor mutageni. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Cromozomul metafizic\ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este format din 2 molecule de ADN. rezulta\u355?i din organizarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cromatinei. dispus în diferi te \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pozi\u355?ii \u351?i care delimiteaz\u259? câte 2 bra\u355?e egale sau inegale. \par\pard\ qj \li1638\ri1508\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupers ub\cf1\f2\fs32 Cromozomii\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt structuri cromatice.Cromatidele sunt unite într-un \line \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 punct numit centromer(constric\u355?ie primar\u259?). \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -au 2 bra\u355?e egale. dublu catenar\u259?.Unii cromozomi metafizici prezint\u259? o constric\u355?ie \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 secundar\u259? ce delimiteaz\u259? sateli\u355?i. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1199\sb0\sl-420\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 cromoz omi acrocentrici-centromerul este plasat aproape de \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 unul dintre capete. histona H2B.Fiecare cat en\u259? din structura unei molecule de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ADN se nume\u351?te cromonem\u259?. se recunosc dup\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 forma \u351?i m\u259?rimea lor . iar la eucariote de ADN liniar. \par\pard\qj \li19 98\ri2302\sb20\sl-400\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub \cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 cromozomi submetacentrici-cen tromerul este plasat \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 submedian. care alc\u259?tuie\u351?te fibra de cromatin\u259?. \par\pard \ql \li1638\ri1113\sb186\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -\ul0\nosupe rsub\cf1\f2\fs32 Cromozomul interfazic la procariote \u351?i eucariote\ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 este alc\u259?tuit \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dintr-o singur \u259? macromolecul\u259? de ADN. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1879\sb204\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -AD N-ul împreun\u259? cu histonele formeaz\u259? complexul nucleo\up0 \expndtw0\chars calex98 histonic.

\p ar\pard\qj \li1278\ri1489\sb161\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Organ izarea materialului genetic la eucariote prezint\u259? un nivel de \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 organizare superior. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft2356\shptop3391\shpright5734\shpbottom3391\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz76\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g115}{\bkmkend Pg115}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278 \sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1636\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Cromozomii metafizici sunt clasifica \u355?i dup\u259? m\u259?rime. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersu b\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 cromozomi telocentrici-centr omerul este plasat la cap\u259?tul \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cromozo mului. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2061\sb170\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În ce lulele somatice-celule diploide(2n)-se g\u259?sesc 2 seturi de \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 cromozomi. \par\par d\ql \li1998\ri1553\sb0\sl-410\slmult0\fi360\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -prezint\u259? constric\u355?ie secundar\u259? care delimiteaz\u259? satelitul.GENETICA UMAN\u258? \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 GENOMUL UMAN \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 COMPLEMENTUL CROMOZOMIAL UMAN \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb 232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Compl ementul cromozomial uman normal este alc\u259?tuit din 46 de \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cromozomi. comparativ cu cel de la procariote. \par\par d\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf 1\f2\fs32 1. respectiv 23 de per echi:22 perechi de autozomi \u351?i o \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1120\sb0\sl-420\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pereche de heterozomi(cromozomi ai sexului). \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -lipsesc la om.B.259? care delimiteaz\u259? satelitul.2. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1208\sb170\sl-410\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cariotipul reprezint\u259? ordonarea pe pere chi \u351?i grupe a cromozomilor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 unei celule diploid e în func\u355?ie de dimensiuni. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri2193\sb20\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -cromozomi submetacentrici-centromerul este plasat \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 submedian. în func\u355?ie de pozi\u355?ia centromerului: \ par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1590\sb226\sl-400\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 cromozomi m etacentrici-centromerul este plasat median. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3841\sb15\s l-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Grupa A: cuprinde cromozomii din perec hile 1-3.F.G. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2720\sb202\sl-420\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cariotipul uman normal cuprinde 7 grupe notate cu liter e \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 :A.C. \par\pard\q . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 Tipuri de cromozomi.D.E. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1188\sb0\s l-420\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf4\f5\fs22 \u3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 cromozomi acrocentrici-centromerul este plas at aproape de \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 unul dintre capete. \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri3590\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -are un singur bra\u355?. form\u259? \u351?i plasarea \line \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 centromerului. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\ cf2\f3\fs32 cromozomi telocentrici-centromerul este plasat la cap\u259?tul \li ne\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cromozomului. no ta\u355?i cu XX la femei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?i XY la b\u259?rbat. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -au 2 bra\u355?e inegale. \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri3643\sb0 \sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -au un singur bra\u355?. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 8 -au 2 bra\u355?e egale. dup\u259? pozi\u355?ia \line \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex98 centromerului(constric\u355?ia primar\u259?) \u351?i dup\u259? prezen\u3 55?a sateli\u355?ilor. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt cromozomii cei mai mari. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2185\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 În celulele gametice-celule haploide(n)-se g\u259?se\u351?te un set de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cromozomi. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -lipsesc la om.

\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb210\sl-36 8\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt cromozomi metacentrici. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3591\sb12\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt cromozomi metacentrici \u351?i submetacentrici. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt cromozomi mari. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2986\sb180\sl-420\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -tumori maligne(canceroase) care invadeaz\u25 9? \u355?esuturile \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 înconjur\u259?toare. iat toate celulele d escendente ale \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 acesteia sunt anormale. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt cromozomi medii. acrocentric. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri35 56\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Grupa D:cuprinde cromozomii d in perechile 13-15. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3432\sb24\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Grupa G:curprind e cromozomii din perechile 21-22. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3467\sb20\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Gru pa E:curprinde cromozomii din perechile 16-18. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Grupa B: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri 5104\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cuprinde cromozomii din per echile 4-5. \par\pard\ ql \li1278\ri1226\sb195\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cancerul este transmis clonal: el porne\u351?te de la o singur\u259? celul\u259? \line \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 anormal\u259? care prolifereaz\u259?. \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 Grupa F:cuprinde cromozomii din perechile 19-20. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1190\sb217\sl-400\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Studiul cariotipului este important deoarece furnizeaz\u259? informa\u355?ii cu \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 privire la unele maladii generate de anomalii cromozomiale.Prin sistemul sangvin sau limfatic ele se pot \line \up0 \expn . \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt cromozomi fo arte scur\u355?i. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -sunt cromozomi acrocentrici. \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt cromozomi scur\u355?i. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 MUTAGENEZA \u350?I TERATOGENEZA-ANOMALII \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 CROMOZOMIALE ASOCIATE CANCERULUI UMAN \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paper w12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg117}{\bkmkend Pg117}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\ li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FENOTIPUL CANCERULUI \par\pard\ql \li1 278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Cancerul este o boal\u259? genetic\u259? produs\u259? de perturbarea diviziunii \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 celulare \ u351?i are drept consecin\u355?\u259? cre\u351?terea \u351?i dezvoltarea \par\pa rd\ql \li1278\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 necontrolat\u259? \u351?i invaziv\u259? a celulelor normale. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -prezint\u259? sateli\u355?i.Rezultat ul acestor modific\u259?ri este formarea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de tumori. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Tipuri de tumori: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1634\sb210\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -tumori benigne(necanceroase) care r\u259?mân localizate în zona în \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 care se formeaz\u259?.l \li1278\ri3348\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt cromozomi metacentrici. \par\pard\qj \li1 278\ri2541\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cromozomul Y este fo arte scurt. dând na\u351?tere la tumori. \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 -sunt cromozomi mijlocii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -sunt cromozomi scur\u355?i. seam\u259?n\u259? cu \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cromoz omul 22 \u351?i este încadrat în grupa G. \par\pard\ql \li12 78\sb149\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt cromozomi submetacentrici. \par\pard\ql \ li1278\ri1259\sb186\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Celulele canceroa se se multiplic\u259? mai rapid decât celulele normale \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ale organismului.sunt cromozomi submetacent rici. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmksta rt Pg116}{\bkmkend Pg116}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li 1278\ri3628\sb368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2 \f3\fs32 Grupa C:-cuprinde cromozomii din perechile 6-12. \par\pard \ql \li1278\ri3392\sb20\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt cromozo mi acrocentrici. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Cromozomul X este încadrat în grupa C.

\par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1880\sb50\sl-613\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 Procesul de carcinogenez\u259? se desf\u259?\u351?oar\u259 ? în mai multe etape: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -ini\u355?ierea -apari\u355?ia d e muta\u355?ii în celulele somatice. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\ paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg118}{\bkmkend Pg118}\par\pa rd\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\par d\qj\li1278\ri1743\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 -mielom-cancer care se formeaz\u259? în m\u259?duva osoas\u259? \u 351?i celulele \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 plasmei.digestiv. piele\par\pard\li1278\sb190\sl-368\sl mult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Uleiuri minerale\tab \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 Piele\par\pard\li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 Benzenul\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Globulele albe. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0 \nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Carcinogeneza\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 =procesul prin care este indus cancerul. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -limfo m-cancer care se formeaz\u259? în \u355?esutul limfoid. medicale \u351?i agronomice la fiin\u355 ?ele vii. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -leucemie-cancerul globulelor albe.dtw0\charscalex97 r\u259?spândi în orice alt\u259? parte a organismului \u351?i gene reaz\u259? noi tumori \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 prin procesul numit metastaz\u 259?.excretor\par\pard\li1278\sb191\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 Azbest\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pl\u259?mâni\par\pard\li1278 \sb192\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Crom\tab \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 Pl\u259?mâni\par\pard\li1278\sb190\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Oxid de fier\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pl\u259?mâni \par\pard\li1278\sb192\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Nic hel\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pl\u259?mâni\par\pard\li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmu lt0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Petrol\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 Pl\u259?mâni\par\pard\li1278\sb193\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex97 Radia\u355?ii ionizante\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Oase.m\u259?duv a spin\u259?rii. \line \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 Tipuri de cancer: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb190\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -carcinom-cancer care se formeaz\u259? în epitelii. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4295\shpright6095\shpbottom4295\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz63\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop4295\shpright11024\shpbottom4295\shpfhdr0\sh . \par\pard\qj \ li1278\ri2561\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sarcom-cancer car e se formeaz\u259? în \u355?esutul mezenchinal. ficat. \p ar\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf1\f2\fs32 AGEN\u354?II CARCINOGENI \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Agen\u355?ii carcinog eni \u351?i principalele organe pe care le afecteaz\u259?: \par\pard\li1278\sb25 8\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Agentul carcinogen\tab \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Localizarea cancerului\par\pard\li1278\sb191\sl-368\s lmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pesticide bogate în arsenic\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Pl\u259?mâni.pl\u259?mâni\par\pard\li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Radia\u355?ii ultraviolete\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 Piele\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1300\sb325\ sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 DOMENII D E APLICABILITATE \u350?I CONSIDERA\u354?II BIOETICE ÎN \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 GENETICA UMAN\u258? \par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278 \ri1545\sb380\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Bioetica\ul0\nosupersub \cf2\f3\fs32 -constituie etica privind aplicarea de cercet\u259?ri biologice \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 fundamentale.m\u259?d uva spin\u259?rii\par\pard\li1278\sb191\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx6205 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 Fumul de \u355?igar\u259?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sistem\p ar\pard\li1278\sb43\sl-368\slmult0\fi4927 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 respirator . \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 -dezvoltare a \u351?i progresia-proliferarea celulelor mutante.

pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz66\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop4853\shpright6095\shpbottom4853\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz69\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop4853\shpright11024\shpbottom4853\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz72\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop5414\shpright6095\shpbottom5414\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz75\shplid4{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop5414\shpright11024\shpbottom5414\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz78\shplid5{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop5972\shpright6095\shpbottom5972\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz81\shplid6{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop5972\shpright11024\shpbottom5972\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid7{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop6532\shpright6095\shpbottom6532\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz87\shplid8{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop6532\shpright11024\shpbottom6532\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz90\shplid9{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop7502\shpright6095\shpbottom7502\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz93\shplid10{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop7502\shpright11024\shpbottom7502\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz96\shplid11{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop8060\shpright6095\shpbottom8060\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz99\shplid12{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop8060\shpright11024\shpbottom8060\shpfhdr0\sh .

pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz102\shplid13{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop8620\shpright6095\shpbottom8620\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz105\shplid14{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop8620\shpright11024\shpbottom8620\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz108\shplid15{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop9177\shpright6095\shpbottom9177\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz111\shplid16{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9177\shpright11024\shpbottom9177\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz114\shplid17{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop9737\shpright6095\shpbottom9737\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz117\shplid18{\sp{\sn shapeType}{ \sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin eWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9737\shpright11024\shpbottom9737\shpfhdr0\sh pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz120\shplid19{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop10295\shpright6095\shpbottom10295\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz123\shplid20{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop10295\shpright11024\shpbottom10295\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz126\shplid21{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1170\shptop10855\shpright6095\shpbottom10855\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz129\shplid22{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop10855\shpright11024\shpbottom10855\shpfhdr0\ shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz132\shplid23{\sp{\sn shapeTyp e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop11414\shpright6095\shpbottom11414\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz135\shplid24{\sp{\sn shapeType }{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l ineWidth}{\sv 1603}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop11414\shpright11024\shpbottom11414\shpfhdr0\ .

shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz138\shplid25{\sp{\sn shapeTyp
e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn
lineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4295\shpright1168\shpbottom4853\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz141\shplid26{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop4853\shpright1168\shpbottom5414\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz144\shplid27{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop5414\shpright1168\shpbottom5972\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz147\shplid28{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop5972\shpright1168\shpbottom6532\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz150\shplid29{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop6532\shpright1168\shpbottom7502\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz153\shplid30{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop7502\shpright1168\shpbottom8060\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz156\shplid31{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop8060\shpright1168\shpbottom8620\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz159\shplid32{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop8620\shpright1168\shpbottom9177\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz162\shplid33{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9177\shpright1168\shpbottom9737\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz165\shplid34{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop9737\shpright1168\shpbottom10295\shpfhdr0\sh
pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz168\shplid35{\sp{\sn shapeType}
{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li
neWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop10295\shpright1168\shpbottom10855\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz171\shplid36{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1168\shptop10855\shpright1168\shpbottom11414\shpfhdr0\s

hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz174\shplid37{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop4298\shpright6095\shpbottom4853\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz177\shplid38{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop4853\shpright6095\shpbottom5414\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz180\shplid39{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop5414\shpright6095\shpbottom5972\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz183\shplid40{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop5972\shpright6095\shpbottom6532\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz186\shplid41{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop6532\shpright6095\shpbottom7502\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz189\shplid42{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop7502\shpright6095\shpbottom8060\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz192\shplid43{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop8060\shpright6095\shpbottom8620\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz195\shplid44{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop8620\shpright6095\shpbottom9177\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz198\shplid45{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9177\shpright6095\shpbottom9737\shpfhdr0\shp
bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz201\shplid46{\sp{\sn shapeType}{
\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lin
eWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop9737\shpright6095\shpbottom10295\shpfhdr0\sh
pbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz204\shplid47{\sp{\sn shapeType}
{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li
neWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop10295\shpright6095\shpbottom10855\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz207\shplid48{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft6095\shptop10855\shpright6095\shpbottom11414\shpfhdr0\s

hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz210\shplid49{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop4295\shpright11024\shpbottom4853\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz213\shplid50{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop4853\shpright11024\shpbottom5414\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz216\shplid51{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop5414\shpright11024\shpbottom5972\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz219\shplid52{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop5972\shpright11024\shpbottom6532\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz222\shplid53{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop6532\shpright11024\shpbottom7502\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz225\shplid54{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop7502\shpright11024\shpbottom8060\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz228\shplid55{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop8060\shpright11024\shpbottom8620\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz231\shplid56{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop8620\shpright11024\shpbottom9177\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz234\shplid57{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop9177\shpright11024\shpbottom9737\shpfhdr0\s
hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz237\shplid58{\sp{\sn shapeType
}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn l
ineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop9737\shpright11024\shpbottom10295\shpfhdr0\
shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz240\shplid59{\sp{\sn shapeTyp
e}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn
lineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop10295\shpright11024\shpbottom10855\shpfhdr0
\shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz243\shplid60{\sp{\sn shapeTy
pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn
lineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}
{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft11024\shptop10855\shpright11024\shpbottom11414\shpfhdr0

\shpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz246\shplid61{\sp{\sn shapeTy
pe}{\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn
lineWidth}{\sv 1603}}
}}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P
g119}{\bkmkend Pg119}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278
\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s
b92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Eredo
patologia uman\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -consemneaz\u259? maladiile ered
itare care \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1422\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc
alex97 afecteaz\u259? caracteristicile morfologice, fiziologice, biochimice \u35
1?i de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 comportament ale omului. \par\pard\ql \li1278
\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 SF
ATURILE GENETICE \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc
alex97 Sfatul genetic\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 const\u259? în evaluarea risculu
i unei persoane de a \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1116\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expnd
tw0\charscalex97 manifesta o maladie genetic\u259? sau posibilitatea unui cuplu
de a avea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 un copil malformat. \par\pard\ql \li1278\s
b247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sfaturile genetice sunt indicate
în urm\u259?toarele situa\u355?ii: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0
\expndtw0\charscalex97 1.unul sau ambii p\u259?rin\u355?i sunt afecta\u355?i de
o maladie ereditar\u259?; \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd
tw0\charscalex97 2.persoane s\u259?n\u259?toase care au în familie rude cu boli er
editare; \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1422\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca
lex97 3.p\u259?rin\u355?i care au un copil afectat ereditar \u351?i vor s\u259?
cunoasc\u259? riscul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de a avea al\u355?i copii afect
a\u355?i; \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97
4.cuplul prezint\u259? un caz de consangvinizare; \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 5.au avut avorturi spontane repetate. \p
ar\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper
sub\cf1\f2\fs32 DIAGNOSTICUL PRENATAL \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1885\sb190\sl-420\s
lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Diagnosticul prenatal\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\f
s32 urm\u259?re\u351?te detectarea unor maladii, din \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9
8 primele luni de sarcin\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3698\sb15\sl-620\slmult0
\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Tehnicile \u351?i metodele de diagnostic prenatal su
nt: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -arborele genealogic; \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb209
\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ecografia; \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb2
32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -amniocenteza; \par\pard\ql \li127
8\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -analiza Doppler; \par\pard\q
l \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -analiza sângelui fetal
; \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -analiza
sângelui matern. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-24
0{\bkmkstart Pg120}{\bkmkend Pg120}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\
pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri2435\sb314\sl-420\slmult
0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 ARBORELE GENEALOGIC-PE
DIGREUL-reprezint\u259? într-o \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 diagram\u259? istoricul
unei boli într-o familie; \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1904\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \
expndtw0\charscalex97 -se urm\u259?resc rela\u355?iile care se stabilesc între mem
brii familiei \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 modul de transmitere a bolii;
\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1525\sb24\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se
poate aprecia riscul genetic de apari\u355?ie a bolii la descenden\u355?i. \line
\up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ECOGRAFIA-se poate efectua pe tot parcursul vie\u35
5?ii intrauterine; \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -permite identificarea a nu
meroase anomalii structurale fetale. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1778\sb184\sl-400\sl
mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 AMNIOCENTEZA-se efectueaz\u259? în s\u259?pt\u25
9?mânile 15-17 de via\u355?\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 intrauterin\u259?; \
par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -const\u259
? în analiza de lichid amniotic de la femeile îns\u259?rcinate; \par\pard\qj \li1278
\ri1333\sb218\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -lichidul amniotic rezu
ltat este utilizat pt.stabilirea cariotipului \u351?i a \up0 \expndtw0\charscale
x97 sexului fâtului, identificarea unor maladii cromozomiale \u351?i genetice \up0

\par\p . în timpul \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex99 reproducerii sexuate. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -în cazul b\u259?rba\u3 55?ilor care au suferit o opera\u355?ie de vasectomie. în \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 vederea evit\u259?rii sau trat\u259?rii lor). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1297\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 ANALIZA DOPPLER-este utilizat\u259? pt. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Fertilizare in vitro este utilizat\u259?: {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop1757\shpright7182\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz20\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop4413\shpright3164\shpbottom4413\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz92\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop5635\shpright3928\shpbottom5635\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz124\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop9724\shpright4232\shpbottom9724\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz236\shplid3{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g121}{\bkmkend Pg121}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-620\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278 \ri1243\sb368\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 -la cuplurile care nu pot concepe un copil dup\u259? un an de încercare. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1153\sb182\sl-420\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în func\u355?ie de gravitatea maladiilor depis tate se poate lua decizia de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 a întrerupe sau de a cont inua sarcina. \par\pard\ql \ li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în situa\u355?ii în care ca ntitatea \u351?i calitatea ovulelor este slab\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -în cazuri de infertilitate masculin\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb107\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 FERTILIZARE IN VITRO \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2580\sb 226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Ferti lizarea in vitro -const\u259? în unirea a 2 game\u355?i. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1082\sb22 0\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Celulele \u8222?stem\u8221? sunt ce lule nediferen\u355?iate. necesare pt. capabile s\u259? formeze orice \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex98 tip de \u355?esut. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri21 33\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -rezultatul unirii game\u355 ?ilor este zigotul care intr\u259? în diviziunea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mitot ic\u259?. evaluarea vitezei sângelui în \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 circul\u355?ia fetal\u259? ombilical\u259? \u351?i plac entar\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri11 91\sb181\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Tehnica fertiliz\u259?rii in vitro \u351?i a trasnplantului de embrioni este util\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 pentru tratamentul sterilit\u259?\u355?ii \u351?i pentru cercetare(se ur m\u259?re\u351?te o mai \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bun\u259? în\u355?elegere a ap ari\u355?iei \u351?i a transmiterii defectelor genetice. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1635 \sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -în cazul femeilor care au trompe le uterine înfundate sau legate. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb246\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 CLONAREA T ERAPEUTIC\u258? \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1099\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 Clonarea terapeutic\u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -cloneaz\u259? embrionii pân\u259? în stadiul în care se \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 poate ob\u355?i ne o cultur\u259? de celule \u8222?stem\u8221?. formându-se embrionul. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2863\sb55\sl-600\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -embrionul rezultat va fi introdus în uter prin implant are.\expndtw0\charscalex98 ale acestuia. refacerea \u355?esuturilor distruse. în afara corpului uman.

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3110\sb39\sl-620\slmult0 \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 -când beneficiile scontate dep\u259?\u351?esc riscurile iner ente. componenta nevie. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Terap ia genic\u259? se poate acorda: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1315\sb184\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -când este vorba de o tulburare grav\u259?. reprezentat\u259? de totalitatea \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 factorilor abiotici(f\u259?r\u259? via\u355?\u259?). în scopul înlocuirii \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 genelor mutante cu genele normale. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -g\u259?sirii de noi surse de organe sau \u355?esuturi pt. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1577\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex97 Ecosistemul este unitatea de baz\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 diabet.ard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Clonarea terapeu tic\u259? d\u259? posibilitatea: \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1707\sb190\sl-420\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vindec\u259?rii unor boli grave:Alzheimer. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 TERAPIA GENIC\u258? \par\pa rd\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\c f2\f3\fs32 Terapia genic\u259?-este o metod\u259? de tratare a maladiilor eredit are.ECOLOGIE UMAN\u258? \par\pard\qj \li1638\sb0\sl-400\ slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1638\ri1720\sb26\s l-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 CARACTERIS TICILE ECOSISTEMELOR ANTROPIZATE \u350?I \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 MODALIT\u25 8?\u354?ILE DE INVESTIGARE \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri1861\sb204\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ecologia uman\u259? studiaz\u259? rela\u355?iile dintre popula\u355?iile umane \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mediul lor abiotic. transplant. pt. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1474\ sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -se înlocuiesc genele mutante în câte va celule modificate genetic \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 astfel încât ele s\u259? co n\u355?in\u259? gena normal\u259?. \par\pard\ql \l i1998\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Dup\u259? originea lor ec osistemele pot fi: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2230\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 -naturale-ap\u259?rute spontan pe calea evolu\u355?iei naturale a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 factorilor ecologici. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1519\ sb55\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -antropizate-ap\u259?rute pe cal . sindrom Down. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb189\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -când b olnavul este ocrotit de agresivitatea mass-mediei. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -când bolnavul \u351?i-a dat consim\u355?\u259?mân tul. b iotic \u351?i social. structural\u259? \u35 1?i func\u355?ional\u259? a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 biosferei \u351?i cuprin de: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1782\sb180\sl-420\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Biotop ul. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh1 5840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg122}{\bkmkend Pg122}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\s l-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri2060\ sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -ge na normal\u259? este introdus\u259? în celulele \u355?int\u259? cu ajutorul unui \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 vector-virus modificat. reprezentat\u259? de totalitatea \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex98 popula\u355?iilor ce ocup\u259? acela\u351?i habitat. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -vizeaz\u259? în prezent modificarea celulelor somatice. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1492\s b24\sl-610\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -celulele transformate se pot int roduce în corpul aceluia\u351?i bolnav. care nu exist\u259? tratament \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 eficient. \par\pard\sect \sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg123}{\bkmkend P g123}\par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmu lt0 \par\pard\qj\li1998\ri1801\sb314\sl-420\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Bioceno za.Parkins on. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1314\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -const\u259? în transferul de gene în celulele umane. \par\pard\qj \li1 278\ri1226\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -când rezultatele cerc et\u259?rilor experimentale demonstreaz\u259? c\u259? gena \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 va func\u355?iona. componenta vie. \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb0\sl-3 68\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb0\sl-368 \slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1638\sb368\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2.

unde temperatura ap ei este \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de 4-10ºC. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2. populat de diferite specii de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 rotiferi. somnul. cu oscila\u355?ii anuale d e la 0ºC la 24ºC. dar \u 351?i pentru mor\u259?rit.Cantitatea de oxigen din ap\u259? de pinde de temperatur\u259? \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de respira\u355?ia organismelor acvatice. urmeaz\u259? o zon\u259? a \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 saltului te rmic. alge. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Neustonul este pelicula de ap\u259? aflat\u259? la zona de contact dintre \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 mediul aerian \u351?i cel acvatic. obletele. în care re\u355?inerea apei dureaz\u259? ore \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sau zile \u351?i lacurile de acumulare (Bicaz. complexe \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 zootehnice de cre\u351?tere intensiv\u259? a animalelor \u351?i ec osistemul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 a\u351?ez\u259?rilor umane.Iazuri \u351?i hele\u351?teie piscicole \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1273\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\ cf2\f3\fs32 -Iazul este un ecosistem artificial. boi\u351?teanul. sub influen\u355?a omului. plancton. \ par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Planctonul este format din fitoplancton.Vidraru. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop11768\shpright5474\shpbottom11768\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz255\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g124}{\bkmkend Pg124}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278 \sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Lacur ile de acumulare au o presiune hidrostatic\u259? mare. necton.verzi.e artificial\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1312\sb189\sl-410\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Hele\u351?teiele sunt bazine cu ap\u259? spec ial amenajate pe locuri plane. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2575\sb170\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -Nectonul este reprezentat de popula\u355?iile piscicole. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Particularit\u259?\u355?ile biotopurilor \par\pard\ql \li12 78\ri1190\sb196\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 În func\u355?ie de adâncime lacurilor se distinge spre suprafa\u355?\u259? o zon\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 euriterm\u259?. sco barul. \line \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 corespunz\u259?toare adâncimilor sub 40m. Vidra). iazuri \u351?i hele\u351?teie piscicole). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Ecosi stemele antropizate pot fi: \par\pard\qj \li1998\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2445\sb349\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ecosisteme acva tice antropizate(lacuri de baraj \u351?i de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 acumular e.Aici întâlnim bacterii. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 destinate piscicultur .în care \line \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 predomin\u259? crapul. situat\u259? între 35-40m \u351?i o zon\u259? stenoterm\u259?. agrement. diatomee \u351?i zoola ncton. \par\pard\ql \ li2358\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\ cf1\f2\fs32 Ecosisteme acvatice antropizate \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 1. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb243\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -ecosisteme terestre antropizante sunt reprez entate de \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1430\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 agroecosisteme reprezentate prin: culturi agricole. protozoare. amenajat în scopul ob\u355?inerii unor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 produc\u355?ii apreciate de pe\u351?te. în care apa \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sta\u355?ioneaz\u259? luni sau an i. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb25 2\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Particu larit\u259?\u355?ile biocenozelor \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Biotopul pelagic este popula t de :neuston.\ul0\nosupersub \cf1\f2\fs32 Lacuri de baraj \u351?i lacuri de acumulare \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri 1262\sb218\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs3 2 Lacurile de baraj (lacul Bicaz). populat de alge \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1279\sb0\s l-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 albastre. copep ode.

Se alimenteaz\u259? cu ap\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 gravita\u355?ional sau prin pomparea dintr-o ap\u259? curg\u259?toare. \par\pard\ql \li2358\sb234\sl-368\sl mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Ecosistem ele terestre antropizate \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 Agroecosistemele \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1155\sb215\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Agroecosistemele sau ec osistemele agricole s-au format ca urmare \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a interven \u355?iei omului asupra ecosistemelor naturale.iar seceta determin\u259? evaporarea apei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u35 1?i concentrarea în substan\u355?e nutritive.ii sistematice. babu\u3 51?c\u259?. diatomee etc. protozoa re. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1937\sb217\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Planctonul cuprinde bacterii cu rol în descompunerea materiei \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 moarte. biban. iar cele de tip salmonicol cu \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 specii de p\u259?str\u259?v. I). \par\pard\ql \li1278\r i1082\sb209\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 În iazuri. amfibieni. . \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1119\sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Oxigenarea apei constituie o caracteristic\u259? de baz\u259? în determinarea \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 calit\u259?\u355?ii iazurilor. \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 Iazurile \u351?i hele\u351?teiele pot fi de tip ciprinicol. caras. \u351?tiuc\u259?. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 caracud\u259?. datorit\u259? adâncimii mici. flagelate. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prim\u259?vara \u351?i în verile plo ioase.Cantitatea de oxigen este rezultatul a 2 procese {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop2369\shpright5652\shpbottom2369\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz28\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g125}{\bkmkend Pg125}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278 \sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri1317\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 opuse:respira\u355?ia organismelor v ii -proces consumator de oxigen \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex99 fotosintezaproces furnizor de oxigen. \par\par d\ql \li1278\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf 1\f2\fs32 Particularit\u259?\u355?ile biotopurilor \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1084\s b190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Fact orii care caracterizeaz\u259? biotopul acestor ecosisteme sunt:apa \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sedimentul de pe fundul bazinelor. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În masa apei(pelagos) din iazuri \u351?i hele\u351?teie exist\u259? 2 \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1438\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 biocenoze:neustonu l \u351?i planctonul. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Particularit\u259?\u355?ile bioceno zelor \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1189\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Biocenoza din masa apei se nume\u351?te pelagos. populate de crap. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2170\sb226\sl-400 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -consumatori primari(de ord. biocenozele agroecosistemelor prezint\u259? urm\u25 9?toarele \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 componente: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb2 25\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -produc\u259?tori primari. reprezenta \u355?i de ierbivore sau \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 animale fitofage. repreze nta\u355?i de plantele de cultur\u259?.Iarna iazurile înghea\u355?\u259? pân\u25 9? la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fund. alge. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1327\sb170\sl-420\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 Neustonul este biocenoza peliculei de la suprafa\u3 55?a apei. iar cea de pe fundul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 lacului alc\u259?tuie\u351?te b entosul. plus o asocia\u355?ie de animale ce \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 formeaz\u259? nectonul. \par\pard\qj \li1 278\ri1083\sb160\sl-473\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Nectonul este reprez entat de pe\u351?ti. alge albastre-verzi.Din punct de \line \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 vedere trofic. unele reptile \u351?i p\u259?s\u259?ri. lin.Topirea z\u259?pezii \u351?i ploaia dilueaz \u259? apa. condi\u355?iile fizico-chimice ale apei depind de natura solului \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 de nivelul precipita\u355?iilor. populat\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de bacterii.

aromatice \u351?i de nutre\u355?. floarea soarelui.II). printr-o uniformizare spa\u355?ial\u259? \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1171\sb0\ sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 accentuat\u259?. ov\u259?zul. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 care înl\u259?tur\u259 ? buruienile. sau desec\u259?rile. protejat de om. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fiecare cu particula rit\u259?\u355?ile lui. \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 ceapa. orezul. etc. \par\pard\ql \li1278 \sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Pa rticularit\u259?\u355?ile biocenozelor \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1367\sb194\sl-415\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Principalele com ponente sunt plantele de cultur\u259?. r eprezenta\u355?i de animalele \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 carnivore. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri 2167\sb213\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 La uniformizarea microclim atului particip\u259? iriga\u355?iile. cartoful. \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 P articularit\u259?\u355?ile biotopurilor \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Aceste ecosisteme se c aract. dar variabil în func\ u355?ie de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 anotimpuri. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop5023\shpright5474\shpbottom5023\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz84\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop8912\shpright5652\shpbottom8912\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz196\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop13411\shpright5474\shpbottom13411\shpfhdr0\s .{\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop2779\shpright5652\shpbottom2779\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz44\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g126}{\bkmkend Pg126}\par\pard\qj \li1278\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278 \sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \par\pard\qj\li1278\ri2222\sb314\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -consumatori secundari(de ord.Ecosistemul planta\u355?iilor de pomi \u351?i arbu\u351?ti fructiferi \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1387\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Cuprinde planta\u355?iile de po mi fructiferi. dar \u351?i de clim\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb224\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 2.Ecosistemul culturilor ierboase anuale \u351?i bianuale \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1328\sb190\sl-420\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Acest ecosistem cupri nde culturile de cereale. ele se a fl\u259? sub influen\u355?a climatului local sau regional. în cazul excesului de umiditate.Dintre acestea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cele mai importante sunt:grâul. înclina\u355?ie \u351?i de tipul de sol. lan\u355?ur ile trofice au pu\u355?ine verigi. porumbul. tomatele. în caz de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 secet \u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Ele cuprind: \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 1.Varietatea este determinat\u259? de \line \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 varia\u355?iile de expunere. care au \line \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 un pronun\u355?at grad de uniformizare.Plantele de cultur\u2 59? sunt \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 uniform repartizate. textile.Ele constituie st ratul dominant. arbu\u351?ti fructiferi \u351?i planta\u355?iile \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex98 de vi\u355?\u259? de vie. medicinale. plante leguminoase \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 oleagin oase.Diferen\u355?ele micr oclimatice între agroecosisteme nu sunt \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 mari. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Particularit\u259?\u355? ile biotopurilor \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1509\sb198\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 În cadrul acestui ecosistem distingem o multitudine de biotopuri.

III. se \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fol. scoar\u355?a \u351?i lemnul tulpinilor \u351?i r\u259?d\u259?cinilor.Culturile protejate se realizeaz\u259? în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 r\u259? sadni\u355?e. frunze. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex97 -de hiperparazitism. \par\pard\ qj \li1278\ri1387\sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Consumatorii sunt reprezenta\u355?i de insecte \u351?i larvele lor. fructe. o anumit\u259? umi ditate în sol \u351?i atmosfer\u259?. de care planta are nevoie. sunt insectele carnivore. o dozare a dioxidului de carbon. o \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fertiliz are corespunz\u259?toare. care sunt consumatori de ord. în care larvele fitofage ale insectelor sun t \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1545\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 pa razitate de alte larve de insecte. acarieni \u351?i \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 p\u259?s\u259?ri insectivore. stratul ierbos este înlocuit \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 prin culturi de ovâz.Lan\u355?urile trofice pot fi: \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1155\sb186\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -de tip fitofag se realizeaz\u259? prin consumul de muguri. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1083\sb210\sl-410\slmu lt0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -saprofite. iar acestea \ line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sunt vânate de p\u259?s\u259?rile r\u259?pitoare. mult\u259? energie. \line \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 semin\u355?e.Pt. ob\u355?inându-se \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 mineralizarea. iar acestea sunt parazitate de \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 virusuri.Ecosistemul culturilor protejate \pa r\pard\qj \li1278\ri1706\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\n osupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Aceste culturi urm\u259?resc cre\u351?terea perioadei de v egeta\u355?ie a unor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 plante legumicole \u351?i flori cole.Consumatorii de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ord.II. iar stratul ierbos spontan este înl\u259?turat \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 prin ierbicidare sau pr\u259?\u351?iri repetate. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 3. realizarea \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1314\sb0\sl-412\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 microclimatului \u351?i nutri\u355?iei minerale. dar mai ales p\u259?s\u259?rile. de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c\u259?tre flora \u351?i faun a saprobiont\u259? de la suprafa\u355?a solului. {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop1757\shpright5652\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz20\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop11578\shpright5474\shpbottom11578\shpfhdr0\s hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz292\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g128}{\bkmkend Pg128}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278 . batat.Se \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 aplic\u259? la timp lucr\u259?ri de îngrijire a bolilor \u351?i d\u259?un \u259?torilor. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Particularit\u259?\u355?il e biotopurilor \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Biotopurile sunt create \u351?i controlate de o m.Se asigur\u259? astfel o anumit\u259? intensitate \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cantitate de lumin\u259?.Se aplic\u259? la timp lucr\u259?ri de îngrijire \u351?i de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 comba tere a d\u259?un\u259?torilor.hpbxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz316\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType} {\sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn li neWidth}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g127}{\bkmkend Pg127}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278 \sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Parti cularit\u259?\u355?ile biocenozelor \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1510\sb218\sl-410\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 În culturile intensiv e \u351?i supraintensive. care realizeaz\u259? consumul biomas ei vegetale moarte. sere \u351?i solarii.

porcine.Hran a animalelor provine din culturile \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 furajelor.Ecos istemul complexelor zootehnice de cre\u351?tere intensiv\u259? a \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 animalelor\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 . iar dintre animale afidele. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\ sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Acest tip de agroecosistem cuprinde c resc\u259?toriile de animale. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1280\sb2 17\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 4.În condi\u355?iile de \line \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 ser\u259? prolifereaz\u259? micozele(boli produse de ciuperci). dar \ u351?i virozele(boli produse \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de virusuri). pe categorii de vârst\u259? \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 sexe. ovine.Tot aici întâlnim ectoparazi\u355?i(parazi\u355?i externi). musculi\u355?a alb\u259?.Animalele domestice sunt înso\u355?ite în ad\u259?posturi \u351? i de alte \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 specii de consumatori care sunt conc uren\u355?i pt. ce apar\u355?in unei singure \li ne \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 specii \u351?i de multe ori unei singure rase.Se \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1350\sb0\ sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 urm\u259?re\u351?te un control strict al bolilor \u351?i d\u259?un\u259?torilor. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Particularit\u259?\u355?ile biot opurilor \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1084\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Fiecare ecosistem agrozootehnic are un anumit microclimat generat \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de temperatur\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb243\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Consumatorii secundari sunt pu\u355?ini sau lipsesc.musculi\u355?a de \line \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 ser\u259?.\u351?obolani. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Ecosistemele a\u351?ez\u259?riloe umane {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop1757\shpright5652\shpbottom1757\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz20\shplid0{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\s v 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn lineW idth}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop8301\shpright5474\shpbottom8301\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz196\shplid1{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }} {\shp {\*\shpinst\shpleft1278\shptop9934\shpright5652\shpbottom9934\shpfhdr0\shp bxpage\shpbypage\shpwr3\shpwrk0\shpfblwtxt1\shpz236\shplid2{\sp{\sn shapeType}{\ sv 20}}{\sp{\sn fBehindDocument}{\sv 1}}{\sp{\sn lineColor}{\sv 0}}{\sp{\sn line Width}{\sv 14431}} }}\par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart P g129}{\bkmkend Pg129}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278 \sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Sunt . bovine). cu productivitate \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ridicat\u259?. dar \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 endoparazi\u355?i(parazi\u355?i interni). \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 bacteriozele(boli produse de bacterii). \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Particularit\u259?\u355?ile biocenozelor \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Biocenozele complexelor zootehnice concentreaz\u259? animale \ par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1383\sb17\sl-411\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 domes tice(p\u259?s\u259?ri.Indivizii sunt a d\u259?posti\u355?i în boxe. hran\u259?(ex. \par \pard\qj \li1278\ri1386\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Lan\u35 5?urile trofice de pr\u259?d\u259?torism sau de hiperparazitism sunt foarte \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pu\u355?ine sau lipsesc. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ u351?oareci).\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\s b92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Parti cularit\u259?\u355?ile biocenozelor \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \u p0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Se cultiv\u259? o singur\u 259? specie sau un singur soi de plant\u259?. umiditate \ u351?i luminozitate.

\par\pard\qj \li271 7\ri2117\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -sunt dotate cu sta\u35 5?ii de depozitare de rezidurilor \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 de\u351?eu rilor. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -omul determin\u259? optimizarea condi\u355?iilor de mediu. de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 termoficare. \par\pard\qj \li2358\ri2070\sb22 6\sl-400\slmult0\tx2717\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex103 \ul0\nosupersub\cf9\ f10\fs22 \u10146? \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 E cosistemele de tip rural\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 sunt: c\u259?tunele. \par\pard\qj \li1638\ri2628\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \u l0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 IMPACTUL ANTROPIC ASUPRA ECOSISTEMELOR \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 NATURALE \par\pard\ql \li1638\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex97 I. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri1815\sb0\sl-420\slmult 0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -folosesc în mic\u259? m\u259?sur\u259? energia neco nven\u355?ional\u259? \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 hidroenergia. nu cleare. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb24\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -au produc\u355?ie industrial\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb 212\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -acoperirea în permanen\u355?\u259? a solului cu vegeta\u355?ie. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -aratul în brazde. \par\pard\li2358\sb93\sl-368\slmult0\fi0\tx2717 \up0 \expndtw-3\charsca lex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf9\f10\fs22 \u10146?\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Ecosistemele de tip urban\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 s unt ora\u351?ele \u351?i se\par\pard\li2358\sb1\sl-300\slmult0\fi359 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 caracterizeaz\u259? prin:\par\pard\ql \li2717\sb52\sl-368\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -contact redus cu mediul natural. satele \u351?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 comunele \u351?i se caracterizeaz \u259? prin: \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -contact strâns cu mediul natural. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -t\u259?i erilor masive de p\u259?duri. \par\par d\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg130}{\bkm kend Pg130}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-36 8\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb92\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -ploilor acide. \par\pard\qj \li2717\ri3165\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -hra na provine din ecosistemele naturale \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 agroeco sisteme. omului.Acest fenomen se \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 dator eaz\u259?: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -polu\u259?rii cu pesticide \u351?i îngr\u259?\u351?\u259?minte chimice. vântului. \par\pard\qj \l i2717\ri1939\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -folosesc energia pr odus\u259? în centralele electrice. care degradeaz\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 textura acestuia. \par\par d\qj \li2717\ri1583\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -aprovizionar ea cu ap\u259? provine din fântâni sau izvoare \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 naturale. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1178\sb190\sl-420\slmult0\t x2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Deteriorarea ecosistemelor prin construc\u355?ii de canale \ u351?i \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 baraje \par\pard\ql \li2358\ri1121\ sb10\sl-408\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Aces .DETERIORAREA ECOSISTEMELOR NATURALE \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb252\sl368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0 \nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Deteriorarea ecosistemelor prin eroziune \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\ fs32 Eroziunea reprezint\u259? degradarea solului sau a rocilor ca \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1626\sb26\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 urmare a ac\u355? iunii ploilor. \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri1733\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -lucr\u259?rilor necorespunz\u259?toare ale solului. \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 -hrana provine din agroecosisteme \u351?i din industria \line \up0 \expn dtw0\charscalex98 alimentar\u259?. de epurare a apei uzate. \par\pard\ql \li2717\ri1262\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 -apa provine din sisteme hidrografice special amenajate. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex95 M\u259?suri de preven ire a eroziunii solului: \par\pard\qj \li1998\ri2445\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex97 -cultivarea în terase limitate de \u351?an\u355?uri care re\u 355?in apa.de 2 feluri: de tip rural \u351?i de tip urban.

din apele Japoniei. \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf1\f2\fs32 II DETERIORAREA ECOSISTEMELOR PRIN \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb52\s l-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 SUPRAEXPLOATAREA RESURSELOR BIOLOGICE \par\pard\ql \li2556\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \ul0\nosup ersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Defri\u351?area p\u259?du rilor \par\pard\ql \li3077\ri2077\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 P\u259?durile este factorul determinant în men\u355? inerea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 echilibrului ecologic. din America de \line \up0 \expndtw0\ch arscalex97 Nord apare în apele dulci. bibanul soare(Lepomis gibbosus). \par\pard\ql \li2556\ sb47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\f s32 Suprap\u259?\u351?unatul \par\pard\ql \li2556\ri1150\sb0\sl-412\slmult0\fi5 21\tx3077\tx3077\tx3077\tx3077 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f 3\fs32 Distrugerea covorului vegetal dintr-un ecosistem apare \line\tab \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 ca urmare a p\u259?\u351?un\u259?rii intensive de c\u259?tre animalele \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 ierbivore. \par\pard\qj \li3077\ri4426\sb26\ sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -intensificarea vitezei vânturilor. \par\pard \qj \li1998\ri1269\sb190\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Introducerea castorilor din Canada în p\u259?durile din America de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sud. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Defri\u351?\u259?rile au contribuit la: \pa r\pard\ql \li3077\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -degradarea so lurilor. a condus la apari\u355?ia inunda\u355?iilor. \par\pard\ql \li3077\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -c re\u351?terea aridit\u259?\u355?ii climatului. originar\u259? din America \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 tropical\u259? în Noua Caledonie. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În marile baraje are loc o pierd ere intens\u259? de ap\u259? prin \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 evaporare sa u re\u355?inere a sedimentelor \u351?i aluviunilor în \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 amonte de baraj. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs 32 Supraexploatarea faunei terestre \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb241\sl-368\slmult0 \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Omul a contribuit direct la reducerea efectivelor. climatic \u351?i hidri c. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paper w12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg131}{\bkmkend Pg131}\par\pard\ql \li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\ li1998\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1998\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 \u350?i în România au fost introduse accid ental unele specii \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1093\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex97 precum: planta Elodea canadensis(ciuma apelor). \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri1448\sb186\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Introducerea plantei Lantana camara. sau chiar la \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1186\sb0\sl-420\sl .te construc\u355?ii duc la inundarea unor terenuri aluvionare \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex97 \u351?i schimbarea cantitativ\u259? \u351?i calitativ\u259? a florei \ u351?i faunei locale. apare \u351?i în Marea Neagr\u259?. originar\u259? di n \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 America \u351?i stabilit\u259? în majoritatea apelor dulci \u351?i b\u259?l\u355?ilor \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dun\u2 59?rene. s-a soldat cu in vadarea p\u259?\u351?unilor de c\u259?tre \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 acea st\u259? buruian\u259? \u351?i sc\u259?derea produc\u355?iei furajere.În popula\u355?iile an imalelor s\u259?lbatice apare \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 autoreglare a. iar gasteropodul Rapana \line \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex98 Thomasiana. \par\pard\qj \l i1998\ri1321\sb19\sl-400\slmult0\tx2358 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Deteriorarea ecosistemelor prin introducerea de specii \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 noi \par\pard \qj \li1998\ri1360\sb204\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosuper sub\cf2\f3\fs32 Speciile noi introduse de om în ecosisteme se numesc specii \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 exogene.Datorit\u259? acestor sedimente produc\u355?ia \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 piscicol\u259? a sc\u259?zut foarte mult. ca urmare a digurilor \up0 \e xpndtw0\charscalex98 construite de ace\u351?tia. \up 0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -apari\u355?ia inunda\u355?iilor. pentru formarea de bariere în \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 calea vitelor. adic\u259? se intensific\u259? activitatea \line \tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 pr\u259?d\u259?torilor. cre\u351?te frecven\u355?a bolilor \u351?i a parazi \u355?ilor.

zimbrul(Bos priscus \up0 \expndtw0\cha rscalex98 bonasus) \u351?i a caprei alpine(Capra ibex). \par\pard\ql \li 1278\sb213\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În America de Nord s-a redus foarte mult efectivele bizonului. speciile de asin persan(Equus hemionus ona ger). rinocer \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 asiatic(Rhinoceros sandaicus).mult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 dispari\u355?ia unor specii prin vân\u259?toar e. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2506 \sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Supraexploatarea fondului pisc icol a condus la :-sc\u259?derea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 cantitativ\u259? a pe\u351?telui. c\u259? utate \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 pentru carne. s-au redus foarte mult. vulturul ple\u351?uv sur(Gyps fulvus). scrumbia \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 albastr\u259?(Scomber scomber). dar \u351?i indirect producând dezechilibre ecologice. iar turmele de \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 elefan\u355?i. pescuit. au disp\u259?rut bourul(Bos primigenius). \par\pard\ql \li2556\sb245\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Supraexploatarea resurselor oceanice \par\ pard\qj \li1278\ri1155\sb190\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Pescuitul excesiv al mamiferelor marine. dropi a(Otis tarda). \par\ pard\ql \li2556\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2556\sb275\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 . \par\pard\ql \li3077\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 -sc\u259?derea taliei pe\u351?tilor captura\u355?i. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1476\sb26\sl-400\slmul t0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 antilopei americane(Antilocapra americana). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 rinocerul alb(Ceraotherium simum). combaterea bolilor \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 d\u259?un\u25 9?torilor. ou\u259? \u351?i carapace. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\s b0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg133}{\bkmkend Pg133}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmul t0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupe rsub\cf2\f3\fs32 Ca urmare a suprapescuitului. u rsul de bambus(Ailuropoda \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 melanoleuca). ursul ui grizzly(Ursus \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 horribillis) din Mexic. \par\p ard\qj \li1278\ri1120\sb219\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În Europa. capra \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 neagr\u259?(Rupicapra rupicapra).bivoli. pân\u259? la 200 de exemplare fiecare. vulturul ple\u351?uv \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 negru(Aegypis manochus). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3716\sb182\sl-420\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sunt pe cale de dispari\u355?ie: râsul(Lynx lyn x). capra de munte(Capra ibex). tarpanul(Equus cabalus gmelini). \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1 791\sb210\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În România. lei. cerbul de Barbaria(Cervus \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 e laphus barbatus). \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 batogul(Gadus morthus). \u351? i-au redus nr. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1794\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 Amenin\u355?a\u355?e cu dispari\u355?ia sunt speciile:balena albastr\u259? \u351?i balena \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 borealis. numeroase specii de pe\u351?ti \u 351?i-au \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1172\sb18\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 diminuat substan\u355?ial num\u259?rul de indivizi:heringul(Clupea harengus ).merlanul(Merlucius merluci us). a condus la dispari \u355?ia unor \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 specii de pinipede \u351?i colonii de otarii.girafe. antilopa de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 step\ u259?(Saiga tatarica). \par\pard\s ect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg132}{\bkmken d Pg132}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-410\s lmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1456\sb342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 În Asia. au disp\u259?rut: b ourul(Bos primigenius). coco\u351?ul de \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 mesteac\u259?n(Lyruru s tetrix). zebra quagga(Equus quagga). marmota \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex98 alpin\u259?(Arctomys marmota). zebre. zimbrul(Bos \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 priscus bonasus) . \par\pard\ql \li3077\sb 52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -reducerea efectiv\u259? a speciil or de interes piscicol. au disp\u259?rut antil opa african\u259?(Alcelephus baselaphus). \par\par d\qj \li1278\ri2186\sb186\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Dintre p\u2 59?s\u259?ri sunt amenin\u355?ate s\u259? disp\u259?r\u259?: z\u259?ganul(Gypaet us \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 barbatus). \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1598\ sb214\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 În Africa. \par\p ard\qj \li1278\ri1101\sb182\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Tot pe ca le de dispari\u355?ie sunt \u351?i broa\u351?tele \u355?estoase de mare.

radioactiv\u2 59?. \par\pard\ql \li2916\sb47 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -apele de la uzinele atomice. \par\pard\ql \li1278\ri1368\sb209\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex 97 Ca urmare a acestui fapt s-au format noxele ora\u351?ului reprezentate \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex97 de smog. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247 \sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Dup\u259? natura poluan\u355?ilor. respirator. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Sursele de contaminare radioactiv\u259? sunt: \par\pard\qj \li2916\ri1437\sb186\sl-400\ slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -depunerile radioactive. \par\pard\ql \li2916\sb43\sl-368 \slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 b. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -i nundarea \u355?\u259?rmurilor \u351?i a localit\u259?\u355?ilor. clorofluorocarboni) se face prin activit\u259?\u355?i \line \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex97 industriale \u351?i agricole \u351?i prin extinderea a\u351?ez\u 259?rilor umane \u351?i a \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 re\u355?etelor de co munica\u355?ie. de fum. c e sunt depuse pe \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 fundul oceanelor. compu\u351?i chimici. conduc la \par\pard\ql \li127 8\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 înc\u259?lzirea global\u259? pri n apari\u355?ia efectului de ser\u259? pe care îl provoac\u259?. endocrin. DETERIORAREA MEDIULUI PRIN POLUARE \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1333\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Poluarea este o modificare a fac torilor de mediu. dioxid de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 carbon. p oluarea poate fi: \par\pard\ql \li1998\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex100 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 fizic \u259? \par\pard\ql \li1998\ri4309\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex1 00 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 chimic\u259 ? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex101 \ul0\nosupersub\cf3\f4\fs32 \u-3913?\ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 biologic\u259? \par\pard\ql \li2556\sb0\sl-400\slmult0 \p ar\pard\ql\li2556\ri2132\sb7\sl-400\slmult0\tx2916 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ ul0\nosupersub\cf9\f10\fs22 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Poluarea fizic \u259?\ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 poate s\u259? fie:termic\u259?.Poluarea radioactiv\u259? \par\pard\qj \l i1278\ri4908\sb61\sl-600\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Se realizeaz\u259? cu radionuclizi \u351?i radia\u355?ii. \par\pard\sect\se ctd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg134}{\bkmkend Pg13 4}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-413\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1027\sb333\sl-413\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul 0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Cre\u351?terea concentra\u355?iei dioxidului de carbon \u351?i a altor gaze cu efect \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 de ser\u259?(oxizi d e azot. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb2 47\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a.\expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf9\f10\fs22 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1 \f2\fs32 Urbanizarea \u351?i industrializarea \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1528\sb19 0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Ca urma re a cre\u351?terii exagerate a popula\u355?iei urbane. \par\pard\qj \li2 916\ri1704\sb4\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -deficien\u355?e la ce . \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb225\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 Înc\u259?lzirea global\u259? are urm\u259?toarele efecte: \par\pard\ql \li29 16\sb252\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -topirea ghe\u355?arilor. \p ar\pard\qj \li2916\ri3591\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -cre\u3 51?terea nivelului m\u259?rilor \u351?i ocenelor. \par\pard\ql \li2717\sb225\sl-368\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 III. care au ajuns în ap\u 259? odat\u259? cu \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 ploaia. \line\tab \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sonor\u259?. prin introducerea \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 poluan\u355?ilor (de\u351?euri rezultate din activitatea uman\u259?). \par\p ard\ql \li2916\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -de\u351?eurile a tomice care sunt introduse în recipiente \par\pard\qj \li2916\ri1152\sb26\sl-400\s lmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 sigilate \u351?i incluse în blocuri de beton. particule de praf. ce creeaz\u259? un mediu nep rielnic pentru s\u259?n\u259?tatea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 oamenilor. \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex98 -schimbarea global\u259? a climei.Poluarea termic\u259? sau calori c\u259? \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb232\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Di ferite gaze \u351?i în primul rând dioxidul de carbon. conducând la sc\u259?derea imunit\u259?\u355?ii. a avut loc \u351?i \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 dezvoltarea industriilor \u351?i transporturilor în mod exc esiv. boli ale sistemelor \up0 \expndtw 0\charscalex98 nervos.

Poluarea sono r\u259? \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1153\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 Este determinat\u259? de zgomote puternice(suntele devine nocive la 80 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 decibeli)sau de emisii de sunete cu vibra\u355?ii neperi odice. unele metale \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex97 grele se acumuleaz\u259? de-a lungul lan\u355?urilor trofice în \ line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 concentra\u355?ii din ce în ce mai mari. stressul. ducând la o distrugere a echili . producând ploile acide. \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u351?antierele de construc\u355?ii. \par\par d\qj \li1278\ri2006\sb130\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Poluarea bi ologic\u259? a apei \u351?i a alimentelor se face indirect prin \up0 \expndtw0\c harscalex98 contaminarea lor cu substan\u355?e organice fermentascibile. animale \u351 ?i om. \par\pard\ql \li2556\sb45\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expnd tw0\charscalex98 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 Poluarea biologic\u259? \p ar\pard\qj \li2916\ri2220\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Se face prin contaminarea bacteriologic\u259? a apei. acid clorhidric. \par\pard\ql \li2916\sb246\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Gazele poluante: \par\ pard\ql \li2916\sb32\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oxidul de carbo n. care în concentra\u355?ii mari inhib\u259? \par\pard\ql \li2916\sb52\sl-368\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 procesele respiratorii la plante. \up0 \ex pndtw0\charscalex98 mercur. \par\pard\ql \li2916\ri1313\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -dioxidul de sulf determin\u259?arsuri(necroza frunzelor). c\u259?derea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 din\u355?ilor). proven ite în special din \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 industria alimentar\u259?.accidentul de la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 Cernobâl). produc \ up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 necroze ale frunzelor iar la animale boala numit\u259 ? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 fluoroz\u259?(manifestat\u259? prin deformar ea oaselor. fenomen numit \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 amplificare biologic\u259?. \par\pard\ql \li2556\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 \u10146?\ul0\nosupersub \cf1\f2\fs32 Poluarea chimic\u259? \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh 15840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg135}{\bkmkend Pg135}\par\pard\ql \li2556\sb0\ sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2556\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2556\sb0\sl -368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li2556\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 Substan\u355?ele toxice(noxele) eliminate în mediu pr in \par\pard\ql \li2556\ri1121\sb21\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 a ctivit\u259?\u355?ile umane. \par\pard\ql \li2916 \sb13\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -oxizii de azot contribuie la f ormarea smogului. particule de plumb. DDT. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 alimentelor \u351?i eutrofizarea apelor. azbest. oxizi de siliciu.Are loc \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 dezvoltarea în masa apei a unor micr oorganisme care pot acoperi \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15840\pa rd\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg136}{\bkmkend Pg136}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-368\s lmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-368\slm ult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb92\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\no supersub\cf2\f3\fs32 în întregime suprafa\u355?a apei. brom). \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex98 contrac\u355?iile arterelor. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1813\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscale x97 Sursele de poluare sonor\u259? sunt:transporturi terestre \u351?i aeriene. \par\pa rd\qj \li1278\ri1151\sb180\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Eutrofizar ea apelor este un proces natural de acumulare în timp a \line \up0 \expndtw0\chars calex97 unor cantit\u259?\u355?i crescute de substan\u355?e organice pe fundul a pei. \par\pard\qj \li 1278\ri1348\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Consecin\u355?ele n egative ale polu\u259?rii sonore sunt:dereglarea auzului. \par\ pard\qj \li2916\ri1225\sb11\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Poluan\u3 55?i solizi(pulberile) con\u355?in numeroase particule de \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 cuar\u355?. accelerarea pulsului.ntralele nucleare(ex. iar \up0 \expndtw0\ charscalex97 în combina\u355?ie cu apa din precipita\u355?ii formeaz\u259? acidul \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 sulfuric. \par\pard\qj \li 2916\ri4906\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sursele de contaminar e sunt: \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 -apele menajere. ca de ex. \par\pard\ql \li2916\ri1279\sb21\sl-406\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0 \charscalex97 -deriva\u355?ii halogenilor(clor. \par\ pard\ql \li1278\sb223\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 c. \par\pard\qj \li2916\ri2307 \sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -apele industriale uzate. calciu.pesticidele.

\par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1492\sb212\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Plumbul determin\u259? boala numit\u259? saturnism . cum ar fi: colibaciloza. perturb\u259?ri în activitatea cerebral\u259? \u351?i renal\u259?.Procesul poate fi accelerat de om. dezvoltarea unor speci i. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb213\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex9 7 -Sulfura de carbon produce la copii simptome neurologice. urmat\u259? de moarte. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1242\sb389\sl410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 Sc\u259?derea cantit\u259?\u355?ii de ox igen limiteaz\u259? dezvoltarea organismelor \u351?i \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 favorizeaz\u259? moartea celor sensibile la sc\u259?derea concentra\u355? iei de \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 oxigen. hipertensiune arterial\ u259?. modific\u259? \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 metabolismul fosforulu i. \par\pard\qj \li1278 \ri2063\sb226\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -DDT-ul \u351?i alte pe sticide produc la om afec\u355?iuni ale sistemului \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 d igestiv \u351?i neuronendocrin. fenomene cunoscute sub numele \up0 \exp ndtw0\charscalex98 de boala apei. convulsi i. \up0 \expndt w0\charscalex98 diaree. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1743\sb220\sl-400\slm ult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Cadmiul se întâlne\u351?te în concentra\u355?ii mari la fum\u259?tori \u351?i ini\u355?iaz\u259? \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 canceru l de pl\u259?mâni. grea\u355?\u259?. holera. \par\pa rd\qj \li1278\ri2416\sb219\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Radia\u35 5?iile ionizante prezint\u259? un risc de cancerizare sau de \up0 \expndtw0\char scalex98 mutagenez\u259?.brului \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb52\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 biol ogic din ecosistemul respectiv prin s\u259?r\u259?cia apei în oxigen \u351?i \par\ pard\qj \li1278\ri1208\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 cre\u351?t erea concentra\u355?iei de s\u259?ruri. \up0 \ expndtw0\charscalex98 prin deversarea de ape uzate bogate în substan\u355?e organi ce. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24\paperw12240\paperh15 840\pard\sb0\sl-240{\bkmkstart Pg137}{\bkmkend Pg137}\par\pard\ql \li1278\sb0\sl -410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\sb0\sl-410\slmult0 \par\pard\ql\li1278\ri1279\s b342\sl-410\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -Pol uarea apei cu agen\u355?i microbieni determin\u259? cre\u351?terea frecven\u355? ei \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 unor afec\u355?iuni. \par\pard\sect\sectd\fs24} . anhidrida sulfuroas\u259?. iar cre\u351?terea concentra\u3 55?iei de s\u259?ruri determin\u259? cre\u351?terea \line \up0 \expndtw0\charsca lex97 durit\u259?\u355?ii apei. \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 nevroze. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri3003\sb219 \sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 -Molibdenul produce o degenerare a f icatului. ce se manifest\u259? prin \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 saliva\u355?ie. tulbur\u259?ri endocrine. eliminate în atmos fer\u259? \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri1298\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscal ex97 formeaz\u259? smogul. ducând la malforma\u355?ii osoase. diaree. care produce în marile ora\u351?e tulbur\u259?ri cronic e la \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 indivizii cu afec\u355?iuni respiratorii \u351? i cardiace.Ca \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 urmare. \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charsc alex97 -Poluarea apei potabile cu azota\u355?i \u351?i consumul ei îndelungat \par \pard\qj \li1278\ri1118\sb0\sl-420\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 determin\ u259? cefalee. hep atita viral\u259?. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2348\sb219\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nosupersub\cf1\f2\fs32 EFECTELE DETERIOR\u258?R II ECOSISTEMELOR ASUPRA \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 S\u258?N\u258?T\u258?\u354?I I \par\pard\ql \li1278\sb247\sl-368\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex97 \ul0\nos upersub\cf2\f3\fs32 -Oxidul de azot. \par\pard\qj \li1278\ri2022\sb220\sl-400\slmult0 \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex96 -Poluarea sonor\u259? determin\u259? la om tulbur\u259?ri neurovegetative. f\u259?când-o improprie pt. scade diversitatea biocenozei pri n dispari\u355?ia unor specii. \line \up0 \expndtw0\charscalex98 dizenteria.

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