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Capital: Chennai Cradle Have: South Indian Temple Architecture Official State Language: Tamil Best Time To Visit: December To February Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh bound Tamil Nadu in the north and Kerala in the west. The eastern and western tips of the state are defined by the Point Calimere and Mudumalai wildlife sanctuaries while the northern extreme is Pulicat lake and the southernmost tip is Kanyakumari, the land's end. The Cauvery, originating in Coorg in neighbouring Karnataka, principally washes Tamil Nadu. Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu is known for its beautiful beach resorts. A Temple State: Tamil Nadu, the cradle of south Indian temple architecture, is a living museum of styles that originated in the 7th century and matured in the huge temple complexes studded with towering gateways-"Gopurams"-that soar above the markets of almost every town. Mahabalipuram, Kanchipuram, Chidambaram, Kumbakonam, Rameswaram, Palani, Srirangam, Tiruttani and Kanyakumari are some of the famous pilgrim centers in the state. The famous Meenakshi temple of Madurai is a must see. The Nilgiri Panorama: In the west of the state, where the hill stations of Kodaikanal and Ooty are the premier attractions, sylvan hills offer mountain views and a network of trails winds through forests and tea and coffee plantations. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, a vast spread of deciduous forest dominated by teak, offers a good chance of spotting elephants and dholes, wild pack-hunting Dogs, Tigers and Leopards. Annamalai Sanctuary, closer to Kodaikanal in the Palani hills, is better known for its Lion-tailed Macaques (black-maned Monkeys). The wetlands of the coast provide perfect resting places for migratory birds, whose numbers soar during the winter monsoon at Vedathangal, near Chennai, and Point Calimere. History: three major dynasties-the Cholas in the east, the Pandyas in the central area and Cheras in the west ruled Tamil Nadu. This was during the Sangam Age-the classical period of Tamil literature-that continued for some 300 years after the birth of Christ. The Pallava dynasty was influential particularly in the 7th and 8th centuries, the testimonies to which are the monuments at Mamallapuram. In the 13th century, with threats of Muslim invasions from the north, the southern Hindu dynasties combined and the empire of Vijaynagar (also spelt as Vijayanagar), which covered all of South India, became firmly established. However, by the 17th century, due to the disintegration of the Vijaynagar Empire, various small rulers like the Nayaks ruled southern India. By the middle of the 18th century, there were frequent conflicts between the British, French, Danes, and Dutch due to their interest in these areas. The British were finally victorious, while small pocketed areas including Pondicherry and Karaikal remained under French control. Under the British rule, most of south India was integrated into the region called the Madras Presidency. In 1956, the Madras Presidency was disbanded and Tamil Nadu was established. An Agro-Based Land: Although Tamil Nadu is one of the most urbanized states of India, it is still a rural land; agriculture is the mainstay of life for about three-quarters of the rural population. The principal food crops are rice, maize, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, and pulses. The cash crops include cotton, sugarcane, oilseeds, coffee, tea rubber, and chillies.
The major industries include cotton textiles, chemicals, fertilizers, paper and paper products, printing and allied industries, diesel engines, automobiles and parts, cement, sugar, iron and steel, and railway wagon and coaches. The state is the largest textiles producer in India and an important exporter of leather and leather products, cotton piece goods, tea, coffee, spices, tobacco, etc. There are a number of hydel power stations in Tamil Nadu. The atomic power plant is located at Kalpakkam, in the Chengalpattu MGR district. Tamil Nadu is rich in handicrafts; notable among them are hand loomed silk, metal icons, leather work, Kalamkari (hand-painted fabric, using natural dyes), brass, bronze, and copper wares, and carved wood, palm leaf, and cane articles. For the best Chola bronzes and a glimpse of the magnificent paintings that flourished under Maratha rajas in the 18th century, travelers should head for Thanjavur. Capital: Chennai (formerly, Madras), the largest city in South India and the fourth largest city in the country, is located on the Coromandel Coast. The city's British lineage is evident in the various cathedrals, buildings in Indo-Saracenic style of architecture, wide tree lined avenues but there is no denying its traditional Tamil Hindu culture either. This is not surprising because this region had remained a center of Pallavan culture long before the British came here. The varied aspects of traditional South Indian culture existing alongside the lifestyle of a modern city complete with its plush hotels, restaurants offering a range of continental to typical South Indian cuisine, long and uncrowned stretches of beaches, modern shopping malls, cinema halls, etc. The People: Tamil, the official state language, is spoken by most of the people. The main religions in the state are Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, and Jainism. There is an established caste system, and the traditional differentiation’s here are a lot more pronounced than in many other parts of the country. The Brahmin community here is very pious and people normally have a white mark on the forehead to signify caste. The Performing Arts: Tamil Nadu is synonymous with the Indian musical maestro of the 18th century, Thyagaraja. The land of Carnatic music, Tamil Nadu, is the birthplace of many other music legends as well. The main instruments used are the Violin, Wooden flute, 'Veena', 'Gottuvadayam', 'Mridangam' (also spelt as Mridanga), 'Nadaswaram' and 'Ghatam'. Bharatanatyam: one of India's major classical dance forms, and Carnatic music are both widely practiced. Painting and sculpture, however, are less developed, although there are schools that teach the art of sculpture in stone and bronze. Tamil literature rapidly adapted to the Western literary forms of the novel and the short story. Since the 1940s, cinema has become the most popular form of mass entertainment. There are both touring and permanent cinema theatres; and sentimental and spectacular films, often featuring light music and dancing, are produced by the film studios situated largely around Chennai. Festivities: The main festival of the state is Pongal, which is a harvest festival celebrated in the month of January. Feasting, music and dance mark this festival. "Karthigai Deepam" and "Varushapirapu" (Tamil New Year's Day) are also celebrated on a grand scale. Several temple festivals are held throughout the state, of which The Mahamagam festival celebrated once in 12 years at Kumbakonam, Meenakshi Kalyanam festival at Madurai, Natyanjali Dance Festival at Chidambaram are the famous ones. Climate: The climate of Tamil Nadu is essentially tropical. The temperature in summer seldom 43º C and in winter seldom falls below 18º C. The lowest temperatures are recorded during December and January, and the highest in April to June. The average
annual rainfall, falling mainly between October and December, ranges between 25 and 75 inches. The most precipitation falls in the Nilgiris and other hill areas. Population: 55,638,318.
Location: Along The Coast Of Bay Of Bengal, Tamil Nadu Regarded As: The Gateway To The South Hub Have: South India's Film Industry Formerly Called: Madras Chennai: The Gateway To The South: Popularly regarded as "The Gateway to the South", Chennai is the fourth largest city in India and the capital of Tamil Nadu state. With a vast population of about six million people, Chennai is a city that is growing, expanding and changing vigorously. It's Location: Chennai has the Bay of Bengal bordering its east, while the state of Andhra Pradesh is on its northwest. It has the Kanchipuram on its south and the states of Kerala and Karnataka on its western side. The City Of Chennai: Chennai, previously called Madras, is comparatively a new city, about 350 years old. The erstwhile villages of Mylapore, Triplicane, Ezhambur (Egmore), etc., all now a part of Chennai, have a recorded historical past centuries older than Chennai. Chennai is a gracious city that has a clear skyline, long sandy beaches, parks, historic landmarks and tourist infrastructure facilities which make it a convenient entry point or base to start a tour of Tamil Nadu and South India. Music, dance and all other art forms of South India are cherished and nurtured in this city. Although the city has long been an important center of textile manufacturing, a great deal of industrial expansion has taken place in recent years. The History Of The City: Modern Chennai grew out of a small village when in 1639 a fishing hamlet called "Madraspatnam" was selected by early English merchants of the East India Company as a site for the settlement. Chennai was the first British major settlement in India and it was here that many that went on to build the Empire first learnt their trade. As a consequence, the city is replete with much that is of significance in British Indian history. But the much older settlements have stories to tell too, and so the city is an amalgam of ancient and more modern history. Everywhere one goes in Chennai, one can find history written in every name. The Growth Of Chennai: For more than 2000 years the area has been popular with seafarers, spice traders and cloth merchants. The 16th century saw the arrival of the Portuguese, followed by the Dutch. In 1693, the British East India Company established a settlement in the fishing village of Madraspatnam. For St. George was constructed over a period of 15 years and finally completed in 1653. George town grew in the area of the fort and was granted its first municipal charter in 1688 by James II, making it the oldest municipality in India. During the 18th and 19th centuries, French and British traders competed for supremacy in India. In the 19th century, the city became the seat of the Madras presidency, one of the four divisions of British imperial India. After independence, it continued to grow into what is now a significant southern gateway. The Traditional And Modern Outlook Of Chennai: It presents a culture that is distinct from that of the northern part of India and is famous for its traditional yet modern outlook. Chennai is a city where the traditional and the modern blend in life everywhere. From traditional vegetarian fare to fast foods, from nine-yard saris to the latest in fashion, from ancient temple architecture to modern high-rise - with Indo-Saracenic and Victorian as stops along the way - from classical music and dance to discos throbbing to heady beats, Chennai has them all and many more vivid contrasts that are a pleasant surprise.
This is one of the few temples where Shiva and Vishnu are enshrined under one roof. Chidambaram Location: In Cuddalore District. Each of the four most revered Saivite Saints (Appar. Climate: Being situated at the tropical zone. There is a stone image of Krishnadevaraya in the North Gopura. who had commissioned the work. Chidambaram is associated with Lord Nataraja or Shiva in his "Ananda Tandava" pose (the Cosmic Dance of bliss) in the cosmic golden hall and the hall of consciousness ('Chit Sabha'). and the Tamil Saints have sung its fame when an established worship tradition was in place. and the bulk of Manikkavacakar's work is in praise of Shiva at Chidambaram.Chennai is the center of South India's film industry. which he is said to have erected. and his shrine is referred to as 'Tiruchitrakootam'. this temple was used as a fort. Literature talks of a tradition of Shiva (Nataraja) worship in existence even as early as the Sangam period (very earlier on in the Christian era). and the later Vijayanagar rulers made several endowments to the temple. whose image is also housed in this temple. and the other Chola Kings treated Nataraja as their guardian deity and made several endowments to the temple as temple inscriptions testify. which is still under worship in this temple. Sundarar. Tamil Nadu.January 15) And Aani (June-July) And The Natyanjali Festival Celebrated In February-March. Lord Shiva is worshipped here in the "formless form" of the Chidambara Rahasyam. and was expounded by the author himself in the presence of the Chola emperor Kulottunga II. Antiquity Of The Temple: The origins of this vast temple are buried in antiquity. It is of great religious as well as historic and cultural significance. There are many big film studios. especially when the British General Sir Eyre Coote unsuccessfully tried to capture it from the Mysore Kings. The Dedicated Poems: Muthuswami Deekshitar.East). Chidambaram is one of the most ancient and most celebrated shrines in India located in Cuddalore district. Sekkizhaar's Periya Puranam. The Alwar Poems of the Naalayira Divya Prabandam sing the glory of Lord Vishnu.West. Winter and summer temperature does not vary much as it rains frequently through the year. Tamil Nadu Associated With: Lord Nataraja Or Shiva In His Ananda Tandava Pose Significance: Akasha Lingam Festivals Celebrated: Two Annual Bhramotsavams Celebrated During The Months Of Margazhi (December 15 . Sambandar and Manikkavacakar) has worshipped at Chidambaram. their images are placed in the temple entrances corresponding to their points of entry into the temple (Sambandar South. During this period. Accordingly. The best time to visit this city is the winter season. one of the foremost composers in the Carnatic Music tradition sings the glory of this temple in his Kriti 'Ananda Natana Prakasam'. The later Chola Kings (Aditya I and Parantaka I) adorned the roof of the shrine with gold. an embodiment of Shiva as the formless Space. and the temple is known for its "Akasha" Lingam (Sky Lingam). the images of Nataraja and Shivakamasundari were housed in the Tiruvarur Tyagaraja temple for safety. describing poetically the life of the Saivite Saints (63 in number) was composed in the 1. Appar . 4 . The Pandya Kings who followed them. Chennai normally has a very hot and humid climate. Sundarar .000-pillared hall. amidst great festivity and fanfare.North and Manikkavacakar . Adi Shankara is said to have presented a Spatika Lingam. In the wars of the 18th century. its skyline is ablaze with bright movie billboards advertising the latest celluloid fantasies.
heard from Vishnu the grandeur of Shiva's cosmic dance. Seshan descended to the earth as Patanjali (the one who descended). This legend is portrayed in the Nritta Sabha. and it was during the period of Rajaraja Chola (the builder of the Grand temple at Thanjavur) that formal research was initiated to trace these fine works of devotional literature.rich in musical content were recovered in a dilapidated state in one of the chambers in this vast temple. Vyagrapaadar. concealment and bestowment of grace. The Legendary Dance Duel of Lord Shiva And Goddess Kali: Yet another legend.the Nritta Sabha. These works of the Saivite Saints . Shiva is said to have lifted his left foot towards the sky in the Urdhuva Tandava posture. Kanaka Sabha. This Dance of Bliss is said to have been witnessed by Vishnu. The Chidambaram Nataraja temple is a specimen of the assimilation of several architectural styles. Chit Sabha and Raja Sabha The Innermost Prakaram: The innermost sanctum of the temple. Tiruvalangadu near Chennai (Ratnasabha . Deva Sabha. Ananda Tandavam . Madurai (Rajata Sabha-the hall of Silver). There is another recent legend associated with this temple.the hall of copper) and Kutralam near Tirunelveli (Chitrasabha-the hall of pictures). Kali could not reciprocate. sustenance. another devotee of Shiva prayed to obtain the tiger's claws so that he could obtain with ease the sacred Vilva leaves meant for Shiva's worship at Chidambaram. the serpent (couch) of Vishnu. after the monarch brought images of the Saint trinity in procession to the temple.the hall of rubies). thereby causing Shiva to emerge victorious. which out of adherence to protocol. Tirunelveli (Tamrasabha . At the appointed hour. Other dance halls of significance are "Adri Sabha" (the Himalayas).Dance of Lord Shiva: The dance of bliss. Filled with irrepressible desire to witness this dance in person at Chidambaram. dissolution. Five of the foremost Sabhas (Pancha Sabhas) are at Chidmbaram (Kanaka Sabha-the hall of gold). one of the halls within the Chidambaram temple. houses the grand images of Shiva (Nataraja) and Parvati (Shivakami) in the Chit Sabha or the hall of consciousness. The dance of bliss of Shiva is also said to have been enacted upon Shiva's (Bhikshatana) victory over the married ascetics of Daruka Vanam. There are four tall Gopurams and on the eastern tower. commemorating the dance duel between the doyens of dances Shiva and Kali is associated with Chidambaram.creation. adjoining which is the KanakaSabha or the Golden Hall.Legends Associated With The Temple: Aadi Sesha. The Nataraja Temple has five halls . and there is a Govindaraja shrine in the Nataraja temple commemorating this. The sacred Tamil works of the Nayanmaars had been missing for several years. "Aadi Chitsabha" (Tiruvenkaadu near Chidambaram) and "Perur Kanakasabha" (Patteeswarar temple at Perur near Coimbatore).8 meters. delegating Kali to the status of a primary deity in another temple in the outskirts of Chidambaram. a definite male gesture. Shiva (with Shivakami) granted to Patanjali and Vyagrapaadar. The whole temple spreads to around 40 acres. to the accompaniments of music played by several divine personalities in the Hindu pantheon. in virtually all of the Saivite temples in Tamil Nadu. a visual treat in the form of his Cosmic Dance of Bliss. The dance of Shiva has been frozen in metal and held in worship in Nataraja Sabhas. rising to 40. or the Ananda Tandavam of Shiva is said to symbolize the five divine acts ("Pancha Krityas") . The temple is built based on the strict "Kundalini Chakra" orientation and according to the "Shiva Siddhanta" philosophy. both these 5 . Architecture Of The Temple: The original temple was built during the 6th-8th centuries. are carved the 108 dance poses of Bharatanatyam.
with silver panelled doors in front. Kanchipuram has the earth lingam. Only space. Parvati. but can be found in books like 'Chidambaram Mahatmyam' written in Sanskrit. Worshipping the five eternal elements. the sky lingam. is the shrine of Govindaraja Perumal facing east. winning over Kali in a dance duel. the temple at Tiruvannamalai has a fire lingam. the wind lingam. There are friezes of dancers.structures resting on a raised platform. and Jambhukeshvar (also spelt as Jambhukeshva) is water and Chidambaram. both being on an elevated platform as mentioned before. The other meanings of this Rahasyam (secret) are passed on from disciple-Guru (teacher) basis. Raja Sabha: The 1. with offerings of lamps. measuring 103m long and 58m wide witnessed the victory celebrations of the Chola and Pandya kings. Vinayaka. It is in this hall. housing festival images of the Pancha Murtis (Somaskandar. To the right of Shiva. The innermost Prakaram surrounds the Chit Sabha. or Kanaka Sabha is immediately in front of the Chit Sabha. etc. that the images of Nataraja and Shivakami are housed. the 'Spatika Lingam' of Chandramauleeswara. and Mukhalingam. where Nataraja is brought during two annual festivals. Chit Sabha .Mandapam) of Raja Sabha. This is the charming mystery of Chidambaram . is the revered Chidambara rahasyam . and an image of Sarabheswara. The thousand-pillared hall has witnessed several grand events in history. another form of Shiva. thronged by bathing pilgrims. Kanaka Sabha Or The Golden Hall: The Golden Hall. Subramanya and Chandikeshwara) and other deities. the holiest shrine in the temple. Nritta Sabha Or The Hall Of Dance: Across from the Nataraja shrine in the second Prakaram is the Nritta Sabha or the hall of dance with some fine pillars. drummers and musicians all along the enclosing walls of this temple. So when the priest draws back the curtain from the inner shrine of the presiding deity in the Chit Sabha. The Outermost Prakaram: The outermost Prakaram is home to the grand Shivakami Amman temple. The Nritta Sabha with fine pillars is in the form of a chariot drawn by horses. Also in the Chitsabha are images of Ratnasabhapati (Nataraja of Ruby). the Shivaganga tank and the 1000-pillared hall or the Raja Sabha. It is a great place for meditation Shivaganga Tank: The sacred water of the Shivaganga Tank. Ceilings on the Mukhamandapam of this temple have paintings from the Nayaka period. The Chit Sabha itself is a meter or so higher than the Kanaka Sabha and is reached by a flight of 5 silver plated steps. Kalahasthi. and to the South West of Nataraja. Mulanathar. in front of a set of two curtains. or the representation of Shiva as a Lingam is housed in the second Prakaram. 6 . representing Lord Shiva (and Goddess Parvati) in the formless form ("Aroopam") is lifted ceremoniously during worship services. This hall is also designed in the form of a chariot.000-pillared hall (ayiram-kal. is a wooden structure supported with wooden pillars. with a hut shaped roof.or a representation of emptiness garlanded with golden vilva leaves. Swarnakarshana Bhairavar. the inner (invisible) one being red in color. The curtain in front of the Chidambara Rahasyam. Its entrance features two elephants. there is no lingam or dancing Nataraja to be seen. housing an image of Shiva in the 'Urdhva Tandava' posture. and on the basement there is a frieze of dancing figures. Shivakami Ammam Shrine: The vast Shivakami Amman shrine is a temple in its own right.'Rahasyam'.The Holiest Place Of The Temple: The Chit Sabha. Deva Sabha Or The House Of Gods: The Deva Sabha or the house of Gods is also in the second Prakaram. the outer one being black in color. has healing powers and has cured a king's leprosy. marking the five 'Aksharas' (syllables) of the "Panchakshara Mantram" (the five syllabled NamaShivaya).
January 15). and the royal audiences of Nataraja in the Raja Sabha follow this ritual. and at 5. "Kankala" (both being ascetic forms). special Abhishekams are performed to Nataraja. which dates back to the Pandya period. 7 . piercing the walls of the outermost Prakaram. followed by colorful processions of the five deities ("Pancha Murtis") on the first eight days on various mounts. The first puja in the morning involves the waking up of Shiva. In the towers. where in the pre-dawn hours of the next day. with seven tiers. The towers are embellished with images from Hindu mythology. In the afternoon. The worship services that follow at about 9:30 am. amidst an enactment of the Ananda Tandavam (also spelt as Tandava) or the Dance of Bliss. on each of the Gopuram. as this image is reserved for the innermost shrine alone. It is only on the ninth day that Nataraja leaves his sanctum. It is believed that the entire pantheon of divine figures in the Hindu system of beliefs is present during this occasion.about 250 feet in height. etc. This ten day festival at Chidambaram involves a grand scheme of traditional observances commencing with the hoisting of the temple flag on the first day. Nataraja returns to the shrine ceremoniously from the Raja Sabha. (bestowers of prosperity). and then at noon. on either side of the gateways there are representations of the 108 poses of the classical Bharatanatyam Tradition as enunciated in the Classic Natya Shastra.00 PM in the evening and at 7.00 PM involve a combination of rituals involving ablutions to the Crystal Lingam and the ceremonial show of lamps to Nataraja and Shivakami amidst the chanting of Vedic and Tamil hymns. Nataraja then returns to the Raja Sabha of the temple. It is a unique worship protocol said to have been prescribed by Patanjali that is followed at this temple. while the moon is full. The "Shiva Agama" system of temple rituals followed in almost all of the Shaivite temples in Tamil Nadu is not followed at Chidambaram. also in the outermost Prakaram is also of artistic value. as is the shrine of Subramanya. where the padukas (footwear) of Nataraja are ceremoniously taken to the "Palliarai" (night chamber) of Shiva and Parvati after elaborate rituals. FESTIVALS CELEBRATED Two annual Bhramotsavams at Chidambaram is of great significance. The Subramanya shrine is also in the form of a chariot. The grandest of these occurs in the month of 'Margazhi' (December 15 . "Somaskanda". followed by fire rituals and ablutions to the crystal Shivalingam. while the sixth day features the Elephant mount. as they involve colorful processions of festival deities in the car streets. There are no representations of Nataraja on the temple towers. Services Offered To The Lord: Six worship services are offered in this temple each day at the shrine of Nataraja . Local fishermen communities traditionally offer gifts to Nataraja during this procession.the last of which is the "ArdhaJaama Puja" (the most special one). "Kalyanasundara". Each is a gigantic masterpiece in itself . and a transport of the padukas back to the main shrine. The fifth day features Mount Kailasam. concluding on the full moon day corresponding to the Arudra Darisanam festival (Arudra Darisanam is celebrated in Shaivite temples all over Tamil Nadu). The Western tower is the oldest one. From the second tier onward.The 1000 pillared hall. are seen images of various manifestations of Shiva such as "Bhikshatana". in the presence of thousands of devotees. and is taken in a procession through the car streets. in the grand temple car. The Towers In The Temple: Perhaps the most magnificent structures in the temple are the four lofty Gopurams or towers in the four cardinal directions. This is a special occasion and crowds throng to see it. and is referred to as the 'Pandya Nayakam'.
and The Ministry Of Tourism.The second of the Bhramotsavams happens in the month of Aani (June-July). to perform and to pay their tribute to Lord Nataraja. the city is situated on the banks of the river Noyyal. COIMBATORE Location: In Coimbatore District. it is in fact that the successful growth of cotton that served as a foundation for the establishment of its famous textile industry. between Villuppuram and Thanjavur and is well connected by rail with Trichy. Rail: Chidambaram is on the Chennai Tiruchirappalli main line. The area of the sanctuary is 958-sq-kms. An ecological paradise. provides a beautiful backdrop for the event. Chennai. When you need time off 8 . Chennai. in the form of annual dance festivals. built a thousand years ago. Popularly known as "The Textile Capital of South India" or "The Manchester of the South". The result has been a strong economy and a reputation as one of the greatest industrial cities in South India. Coimbatore enjoys a very pleasant climate the year round. The Natyanjali Festival: Live dance performances have been introduced to the temple recently. Madurai. Taxis. in a manner similar to Arudra Darisanam in Margazhi. just 35 km from Coimbatore. Thanjavur. Tamil Nadu Known As: The Textile Capital of South India or The Manchester of the South One Have the: Most Industrialized City in the State Serves As: The Entry and Exit Point to Neighboring Kerala and Ooty Coimbatore: "The Textile Capital of South India" Or " The Manchester of the South": Coimbatore is one of the most industrialized cities in the state. etc.400 meters in the Western Ghats near Pollachi. this sanctuary encompasses a National Park. The first textile mills came up as far back as 1888 but there are now over a hundred mills. The Department of Tourism. autorickshaws and city bus service are available for local transportation. Black Thunder Amusement Park: Black Thunder. Government of India and The Natyanjali Trust.the 'Prakara' of the Chidambaram temple. Located in the shadow of the Western Ghats. Madurai. The Textile Industry Of Coimbatore: The rich black soil of the region has contributed to Coimbatore's flourishing agriculture industry and. water sports and amusement park is situated about 40-km from Coimbatore on the Ooty main Road. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Trichy (168-km). It has just recently been renamed Indira Gandhi wildlife sanctuary. Chidambaram jointly organize Natyanjali festival. It is interesting that these annual Bhramotsavams or festivals happen in the months immediately preceding the summer and winter solstices (i. The Natyanjali festival dedicated to the Cosmic Dancer (Lord Shiva) is celebrated every year during February-March. Gemini and Sagittarius). PRIME ATTRACTIONS Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary: Anamalai wildlife sanctuary is about 90-km from Coimbatore and is situated at an altitude of 1.e. Coimbatore serves as an entry and exit point to neighboring Kerala and the ever-popular hill station of Udagamandalam (Ooty). from all over India. Natyanjali festival opens on the auspicious occasion of the Maha Shivaratri day and of course in the right kind of venue . The festival lasts for 5 days. aided by the fresh breeze that flows in through the 25-km long Palakkad gap. This is an opportunity for all dancers. Road: Bus routes connect Chidambaram to various places in Tamil Nadu like Trichy. and Nagappattinam etc. It is the disembarking point for those who want to take the Mountain train that runs from Mettupalayam. The magnificent temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Kumbakonam. Government of Tamil Nadu. and it concludes with Aani Tirumanjanam on the tenth day.
Black Thunder is your destination. The temple is situated on the Marudamalai (Marudai is the colloquial form of Marunthu.from the rest of the world. Thekkadi and Palar rivers. Seesaw and other play equipment and are more like an amusement park for the children. It is about 37-km. V O C Park: Named after the freedom fighter V. Thiruppur: An important textile center in Coimbatore district. Regular buses are available from Udumalpet. Thunakadavu. The temple upholds huge statues. known as "Dandayuthapani" is believed to have performed several miracles here. Nirar. The Crocodile Farm at Amaravati Dam is just 25-km from here. PLACES OF WORSHIP Thirumoorthy Temple: Thirumoorthy Temple is situated at the foot of Thirumoorthy Hills adjoining the Thirumoorthy Dam. 'Jail Life' and "Peace Talks'. Aliyar. which means medicine and Malai means mountain) mountain and is one of the most visited temples in the region. models of prehistoric dinosaurs. Swing. lying at various elevations. Slider. It is located in the Anamalai range. A perennial stream flows by the side of the Sri Amalingeswarar temple and nearby there is a waterfall. Forest College Museum: The Forest College is one of the oldest of its kind in the country. The museum also has a special advisory counter offering service to promote businesses related to plant husbandry. Children' Train. It is 50-km from Coimbatore. time to share moments of adventure and fun with friends. from Pollachi. Thiruppur is also closely associated with ' Thiruppur Kumaran ' one of the valiant freedom fighters. Separate cubicles are arranged for each phase in Gandhi' life. The scheme is an outstanding example of engineering skill. 'Family'. Perur Patteeswaraswamy Temple: Perur Patteeswaraswamy temple built by Karikala Cholan is located 7-km west of Coimbatore near river Noyyal. The museum preserves the fossils of plants and animals. time for children to experience fun and joy. 'Friends'. time to be with your family. The Coimbatore Corporation maintains the park. Topslip: It is a picturesque locale in the Anamalai Hills.Chidambaram. The Forest College is situated 3. The Park houses a mini Zoo. 'Independence Struggle'. This small town is an ideal picnic spot. Coimbatore has many temples out of which the Perur Patteeswara Swami temple is the most popular one. The park has a stretch of grass patch conveniently mowed to sit on. time to take a break. Parambikulam-Aliyar Multipurpose Project: Parambikulam-Aliyar Multipurpose Project consists of a series of dams interconnected by tunnels and canals for harnessing waters of the Parambikulam. 9 .O. Sholiyar. Khadi Gandhi Gallery: The Government set the Khadi Gandhi gallery up in Coimbatore on 15th of July 1970. for irrigation and power generation. The college museum is worth a visit. This place is being developed as a District Excursion Center. The significance of Perur temple in earlier days is unfolded in the poetic creations of Arunagiri Nather and Kachiappa Munivar. The gallery displays pictures of Gandhi right from his birth to his death. The museum also has dead specimen of plants and animals of rare variety.5 km north of the railway station of Coimbatore. it is also famous for hosiery products. the reason being that the presiding deity. which pictures all major events that occurred in his life. This is about 20 km from Udumalpet on the Highway from Palani to Coimbatore. the VOC Park is the most appropriate place to go with children. Marudamalai Temple: About 12-km away from Coimbatore railway station is the Marudhamalai temple of Lord Muruga. There are interesting collections of rare photographs titled 'Journey through Harijan Life'. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with grandeur in this gallery and the collector visits the gallery during 'Gandhi Jayanti' and participates in the function followed by bhajans.
Road: Coimbatore is connected by road with all major places in South India. The megalithic burial materials. Kochi and Delhi. ancient coins and decorative artifacts are few among the rare items that are displayed. Madurai. Min 23. Coonoor was home to the Coon hill tribe.A SMALL TEA GARDEN TOWN: Coonoor is situated on the eastern side of the southern extremity of the Doddabetta range. at an altitude of 1. Telugu and Malayalam Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): Summer: Max 39.Government Museum: The government initiated the museum in 1989. Kochi and Madurai. State Transport Corporation plies mini luxury coaches between various points in the city and airport. Tamil Nadu Attraction: Sim's Park. Pomological Station. Sengupathi waterfalls: Sengupathi waterfalls are situated 35-km from Coimbatore on the Coimbatore . Vaideki waterfalls: Located 30-km from Coimbatore via. Min 20.514 (1991 Census) Latitude N: 10° 10' and 11° 30' Longitude: E 76° 40' and 77° 30' Altitude: 43.04.Siruvani main Road. Rail: Coimbatore is a major railway junction on the Southern Railways and has trains to Chennai. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 23.2 m Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil. Pasteur Institute. The museum bears fossil remains and age-old tools. Kanyakumari.7ºC Rainfall: 92. For local transportation.4ºC. Narasipuram village is the Vaideki Falls. which bears the remnants of various tribes of the place. Coonoor is located 19-km away from Ooty. The Siruvani Waterfalls and Dam: The Siruvani waterfalls and the dam are located at a distance of 37-km west of Coimbatore. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Peelamedu airport is 10-km from the city. Chennai. Rameswaram. Mettupalayam. It is the second largest hill station in the Nilgiris. city buses. Monkey Falls: 65-km from Coimbatore and 27-km from Pollachi on CoimbatorePollachi-Valparai Highways are the Monkey Falls. English. Bangalore. Lamb's Rock. The museum is situated in VOC Park Road.8ºC. The panoramic view of the dam and the falls are of enchanting beauty. Mumbai. taxis and auto rickshaws are available. minerals and wood fossils and tribal medicinal plants.858 meters above the sea level. The museum is compartmentalized into 5 sections. The water of Siruvani is known for its minerals and taste. 10 . It is a fine picnic spot for trekkers. There is a separate section for old rocks. treasure trove materials. a famous hill station of India. and Law Falls Best Season: November to February Famous Show: Fruit and Vegetable Show COONOOR .2 mm NEARBY CITIES Bannari: 83-km Bhavani: 121-km Cochin: 163-km Coonoor: 85-km Kodumudi: 105-km Palani: 105-km COONOOR Location: 19-km Away From Ooty. Mumbai. Kozhikode.3ºC Winter: Max 32. which operates regular flights to Bangalore. a famous picnic spot.5-sq-km Population: 7.
which do not thrive. Therefore. pines and camellia. Lily Packenham Walsh. Cornwallis was its first director.Sim.Ooty. The main building of the Institute stands on the spacious grounds. wife of a senior British officer.Coonoor is the first of the three hill stations in the Nilgiris. well in Ooty are found to flourish here. It's a sheer precipice. Lamb's Rock: Visitors can have a breathtaking view of the Coimbatore planes from Lamb's Rock. Laws Falls: Laws falls are a beautiful picnic spot. the then Viceroy of India.000 plant species. A newer attraction is a map of the World made by plants sent by various countries. Lady Caninng's Seat: A small house that commands panoramic view of the tea estates and the plains marks Lady Caninng's Seat. The park consists of 1. which attracts thousands of visitors. 9-km from Coonoor. The winding footpath spread all over the park is the most distinctive and lovable feature of this park. Peach. There are vast stretches of undisturbed sholas and it is a paradise for naturalists. Apples. tree ferns. A Fruit and Vegetable show is held in the park during the month of May. Marigolds and Rhododendrons. named after the Honorable J. died of a dog bite in 1902 in Chennai.D. Mrs. Apricot. who traced and mainly constructed the Coonoor Ghat. 8 Km from Coonoor on the way to Dolphin's Nose. just like Ooty's. which drops down several hundred meters into the heart of dense jungle. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Sim's Park: Sim's Park is a carefully planned and artistically laid park cum botanical garden. It also manufactures Polio vaccine. Pasteur Institute: Pasteur Institute established in 1907 is located just opposite to the Sim's Park. 11 . Jams and other fruit preservatives are prepared for sale to the public. Col. This institute is famous for research on Rabies and giving effective treatment to persons bitten by rabid animals. Persimmons. tea bushes and profusion of Sunflowers. Many species of trees and shrubs. Lt. which includes magnolia. Lemons. all growing wilds cover it. Grassy meadows. which are well laid out.798 Mts. Pomegranates etc This garden was established in 1920 with a view to demonstrate and propagate scientific methods of raising nursery plants and of growing fruit-bearing trees. During those days. Since Independence many new buildings have come up. the Pasteur Institute at Coonoor came to be donated by wealthy American philanthropist to Lord Curzon. The rose garden at the bottom of the slope is equally remarkable. There is an interesting history behind the idea of setting up an Institute for the production of anti-rabbis vaccine. They are about 5 km below Coonoor on Mettupalayam road. named after Lt. planted in a scattered fashion all over the place. Colonel Law. the vaccine was available only in the Pasteur Institute at Kasauli (North India) and patients had to be taken all the way to Kasauli for treatment. Coonoor is essentially a small tea garden town where the weather remains pleasantly cool throughout the year. with turrets at each corner and presents a solid and rather imposing appearance. Sim's park was inaugurated in 1874 and is situated in a deep ravine at an elevation of 1. Pomological Station: Pomological Station is one of the three experimental fruit gardens in the Nilgiris maintained by the Horticultural Department where the states Agricultural Department researches on fruits including Plums. The height of the falls is about 180 feet. The town is physically divided into upper and lower Coonoor. a member of the governor-general's council (1870-75).768 to 1. Kotagiri and Coonoor that one comes across when leaving behind the southern plains. that lend a special charm to the park specially when they bloom in different seasons throughout the year. It is an oblong two-storied structure.
The Nose is unique rock of tremendous proportions. crosses the Courtallam and blends with Podigai where sage Agastya lived in the past.. visit Courtallam annually. Tamil Nadu Famous For: Its Season and The Waterfalls Popular Festival: Saral Festival Best Time To Visit: June to September COURTALLAM .000 (1991 Census) Altitude 1.000 feet high overlooking the plains.000 ft. GENERAL INFORMATION Area 14-sq-kms Population 48. the hottest period of the plains. Kattery Falls: Kattery falls are one of the highest falls in the Nilgiris situated about 5-km from Coonoor on the Kendala road. elephants and boars are in plenty. the landscape becomes alluring. Thousands for the several falls. folds and soars like a man of whimsical moods. standing at 6. The Spa in the South. also spelt as Saral) becoming neither wet nor dry. which lasts from June to September. However. with rivulets. Road: Coonoor is well connected by road with the major cities and towns of the state. The Western Ghats beds. which encompasses Catherine falls. Bangalore. which was used by Tippu Sultan as an outpost. Rail: Coonoor is on the toy-train line between Mettupalayam (28 km) and Ooty. which clot the town. The mountain abounds with forests of precious trees like teak and exotic fruit plants like Mangustan which are not only sweet but also of great medicinal value. towers. Min: 7ºC Clothing Light woolen in summer and heavy woolen in winter. Cochin and Trivandrum. At the beginning of the century a Hydro power station was build. fields. It's Season: Courtallam is famous for its season. lowering itself in the Aryankavu Pass in the west. Wild beasts roam at will. Three km of trekking has to be done to reach the point. 12 . It exposes a vast panorama. It is a rare and pleasant experience to stroll in the 'Charal' (meaning drizzle. only to rise in the south at Five Falls to a height of 5000 ft. Thick clouds gather and streaks of lighting flash across the sky. the first ever-Hydro power plant to harness the fall to generate electricity for Cordite factory. Sivagiri and Kottaimalai rise up to pierce the sky to an elevation of about 6.THE SPA IN THE SOUTH: In the far south. in Tirunelveli district. Kurtalam). which has daily flights to and from Chennai. this train service is often disrupted during the heavy monsoon season. jutting out of the face of the hillside in formation in which its name suggests.858 m Temperature Range (deg C) Summer Max 27ºC. The total time taken on the return trip back to Mettupalayam is about 3½ hours. Min 12ºC WinterMax: 22ºC. in A deep recess of the Western Ghats lays Courtallam (also spelt Kutralam. Sambhars. The Droog: The Droog located 15-km away from Coonoor is also a famous picnic spot. The tallest peak here is called "Panchanthangi". Best Season November-February Languages Spoken Tamil and English COURTALLAM Location: In Tirunelveli District. When the train enters this area.Dolphin's Nose: Dolphin's Nose is about 12 km from Coonoor. The toy train leaves Mettupalayam for Ooty early morning and arrives at Ooty by noon. undulates. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is Coimbatore. groves and mountains with mist peaks from Kalladai malai.
the hottest period of the plains. but also during the period November to January. Women and timid persons resort these falls. From a height of 300 ft. Less than a furlong from here is a small temple called "Chitra Sabha" (Hall of Pictures) dedicated to Lord Nataraja and decorated with paintings of rural deities and devotees. so called because of its location near to the temple of Shenbagadevi. The phenomenon is called ' Saral ' in Tamil. the crest receives the northeastern monsoon emptying itself on the slopes to swell the falls and the Chittar River. Chittaruvi or Small Falls: Adjacent to the Main falls is a small cascade called "Chittaruvi". Saral Festival: Courtallam is famous for its season. During full moon days large crowds visit this temple. By road. Another interesting place is Thirumalai . and one and half miles from the Main falls is the New falls amidst a sylvan landscape of wild forest. Courtallam is also easily accessible from Trivandrum (approximately 185-km away). the Chittar River makes its last descent to the plains. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Main Falls: The most popular and frequented waterfalls are the Main falls. so named as the cascade spreads in five heads like a hooded cobra. It is a romantic place of solitude and those who seek seclusion come here to meditate on reality. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Madurai. meaning. Road: The Courtallam falls is just 1 1/2 hours away from Tirunelveli. It is so called because of beehives on the promontory. from where it is possible to get fast buses to the falls.15-km from Courtallam. Courtallam is a well-known bathing place and bathing in these waterfalls is considered good for both mind and body as these waters are said to possess medicinal properties. The breeze carries this 'fog' far.. Apart from all these falls Courtallam is also famous for Thirukootachalanathar Temple. Old Falls: About 4 miles from the Main falls are the Old falls. giving a 'fog-like' appearance. Rail: Tenkasi and Sengottai are the nearby railway stations. puranic stories and religious events.Lord of three peaks. Tiger Falls: About 6 furlongs from the Main falls is the Tiger falls with a temple for Sastha nearby. The Sabha is one of the five Sabhas where Lord Nataraja performed the cosmic dance. at a distance of 150-km. This temple contains many inscriptions about Chola and Pandya Kings. Several trains from Chennai pull into Tirunelveli daily including the Bombay-Nagercoil Express. The panoramic view from this ledge is beautiful affording a sight of the entire town below. Sengottai. Shenbagadevi Falls: A mile away from the Main falls is the Shenbagadevi falls. where there is a beautiful temple dedicated to Lord Muruga on the ranges of the Western Ghats. The Quilon Mail and the Quilon-Nagore Express stop at Sengottai. which lasts from June to September. is on the Quilon-Madurai train line. NEARBY CITIES Madurai -160-km Tenkasi . Not only during the season.6-km Kanniyakumari -137-km Tirunelveli -59-km 13 . Thirukootachalanathar Temple: The temple is dedicated to Lord Thirukootachalanathar (Shiva). Honey fall: About 3 miles from the Main falls on the upper crusts of the rocks is the Honey falls. It is also possible to reach Courtallam from Quilon/Madurai via Sengottai. The monsoon brings happiness and at Courtallam water falls on rocks and tiny droplets that are sprinkled into the air. thus. rarely frequented.Courtallam is not only a tourist spot but also a health resort. Bathing Ghats have been provided for pilgrims. New Falls: Perched at an elevation of 1000 ft. Five Falls: Connected by a good road about 3 miles from the Main falls are the Five falls. This spot is venerated highly as it presents an image of Adisesha with several hoods.
viz. as Tiruppapuliyur is located in Cuddalore New Town. In Tiruppapuliyur. The hinterland of Cuddalore Port consists of the district of Cuddalore and ports of Salem and Tiruchirappalli. The temple is situated over an area of 6 acres of land that commands an imposing view and provides accommodation for thousands of devotees. Its fishing and shipbuilding industries are slowly growing. having lignites at Neyveli. Tiruppapuliyur: Tiruppatiripuliyur also known. An ancient seaport was developed rapidly after the British East India Company obtained trading rights in 1682. but it later declined with the expansion of Madras (now Chennai). The temple of Lord Devanatha is flanked by the inspiring "Oushadagiri" an herbal drop from the hands of speeding Anjaneya to the battlefield of Lanka and the serpentine holy river Garuda Nadhi. causing damage to the city. Desikar festival in Puratasi and Masi makam (sea bath) at Devanampattinam. about 40-km from the port and iron ore deposits in Salem district. Thiruvahindrapuram: Thiruvahindrapuram. Its name is derived from Kuttal-ur ("junction town") and refers to its location near the junction of the Ponnaiyar River with its tributary. These rivers flood frequently. The major festivals celebrated in this temple are Brahmotsavam in Tamil month Chitrai. The sacredness of the place is due to the divine effulgence by which spiritual attainment becomes easier.Thiruvananthapuram -112-km CUDDALORE Location: In Cuddalore District. the Gadilam. a calm village of the historical coastal town of Cuddalore. 14 . It has artistically carved pillars. which has been glorified by the poems of the Saivite Saints. The area is rich in minerals. It is of great religious as well as historic and cultural significance. PRIME ATTRACTIONS The Cuddalore Port is situated at the confluence of the rivers Gadilam and Paravanar discharging as combined river into the sea. there is an old Shiva temple dedicated to Lord Pataleswarar. falls in the group of Nadu Nattu Tirupati among 108 Divya Desams. Brahmandam. The famous Vishnu temple at Mannargudi dedicated to Sri Rajagopalaswami was built by the Chola King Kulottunga I (1070-1120 AD). Brahannardiyam and Skandam. Its importance has found place in three puranas. It lies in the northeastern part of Tamil Nadu State. Vaikunta Ekadasi festival in Markazhi / Thai months Pataleeswarar Temple: This temple dedicated to Pataleeswarar (Lord Shiva). dealing almost exclusively with Malaysia and Singapore. It now handles only a small percentage of Tamil Nadu's foreign trade. and Tiruppapuliyur THE CITY OF CUDDALORE: Cuddalore also known. It is an important river port and a commercial center. Kattu Mannargudi. as "Kuttalur" is the headquarters of Cuddalore district. on the Bay of Bengal coast. The existing structure is largely a result of renovations from the 19th century. has been in existence since the 7th century AD. Tamil Nadu Also known As: Kuttalur Hosts: An Ancient Seaport Main Attractions: Cuddalore Port. Chidambaram is associated with Lord Nataraja or Shiva in his Ananda Tandava pose (the Cosmic Dance of bliss) in the cosmic golden hall and the hall of consciousness (Chit Sabha). Kattu Mannargudi: Mannargudi is a place of religious antiquity and legendary importance. Chidambaram: Chidambaram is one of the most ancient and celebrated shrines in India located at a distance of 44-km from the Cuddalore city.
Road: Cuddalore is well connected by road with the neighboring places of tourist interest. Masi Magam is the important festival in this place when a large number of pilgrims flock to this place to have bath in the scared Manimukthar River. It ranks among the most exquisite scenic spot with abundant and varied tourism resources.Annamalai University: Annamalai University is situated in Annamalai Nagar. Porto-Novo (Parangipettai): Porto-Novo. Tourist taxis. also called "fossil wood" in and around this village. dating back to the Chola period. kayak and canoeing. Tiruvakarai: Tiruvakarai village is situated at a distance of 50-km from Cuddalore. also called "Parangipettai". Srimushnam: Srimushnam situated at a distance of 60-km from Cuddalore. There is also an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. is situated on the north bank of the mouth of Vellar at a distance of 30-km from Cuddalore. It has an ancient Shiva temple dedicated to "Lord Vridhagirishwarar" and his consort "Vridhambigai". auto-rickshaws and city bus services are available for local transportation. Araikasu Nachiyar. The backwaters. FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: The major festivals celebrated at the temple in Thiruvahindrapuram are the Brahmotsavam in Tamil month Chitrai. The presiding deity is Sri Bhuvarahaswami. It is one of the greatest centers of Tamil learning and Carnatic music. offer abundant scope for water sports -rowing. The Pichavaram forest not only offer waterscape and backwater cruises but combines another very rare occurrence. an octagon shaped building. Rail: train directly from Chennai via Villupuram connects Cuddalore Thiruppapuliyur Railway Station. The Pichavaram mangroves are considered among the healthiest mangrove occurrence in the world. Vadalur: Vadalur a major tourist attraction is situated at a distance of 34-km from Cuddalore. has a temple that is one of the eight self-created "swayamvyaktamkshetras" in the South. and Vaikunta Ekadasi festival in Markazhi / Thai months Masi Magam: Masi Magam is an annual festival celebrated on the full moon day of the Tamil month of Masi (February-March). This town has a large Muslim population engaged mostly in seatrade. The sanctum of this temple is separated from the main hall by seven screens. which is at a distance of 47-km from Cuddalore. There is a Satayagnana Sabha popularly called as "Adigalar". Vridhachalam: Vridhachalam is situated on the banks of the river Manimukthar at a distance of 60-km from Cuddalore. Tombs of several Muslim saints are situated in this place.the mangrove forest trees permanently rooted in a few feet of water. which was constructed by Ramalingaswamigal. most important among them being the dargah to Saint Malumiyar. which are interconnected by the Vallar and Coleroon system. located at a distance of 192-km. The late Raja Sir Annamalai Chettiar founded it. Desikar festival in Puratasi and Masi Makam (sea bath) at Devanampattinam. The travel time by road takes about 4 to 5 hours. Deities from in and around Cuddalore district are 15 . in Chidambaram Taluk (also spelt as Taluka). There are a number of petrified tree trunks. Pichavaram: Pichavaram is located at a distance of 56-km from Cuddalore. Hafiz Mir Sahib and Sayed Saheb. The four great towers of Chidambaram temple are visible from this building. The Purushaskuta Mandapam here is shaped like a ratham (car) on which there are carvings of warriors mounted on horses and elephants. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest international and domestic airport is at Chennai. Portuguese were the first European settlers of this place from whom it passed into the possession of the Dutch and finally handed it over to the English in 1824.
During the British rule in the country and even till the year 1947 there was no separate district. but rice is extensively grown under irrigation. It's Boundaries: The district is situated in the interior of the southern Peninsula bounded on the east by the North Arcot and South Arcot districts. Forest based industries constitute a major segment of the economic structure. except Dharmapuri as one of the Taluks (also spelt as Taluka) of Salem district.40-km Mahabalpuram . Vijayanagar kings.brought in ceremonial processions to the Ponnaiyar River for a symbolic immersion ceremony. and the Nayak rulers ruled the area of Dharmapuri. 16 . It constitutes the northern portion of the former composite district of Salem and was known as "North Salem". Min 33ºC WinterMax 27ºC. women and children walking on fire for fulfillment of their vows. It actually became a separate district in the year 1965 as its headquarters at Dharmapuri itself. 1965. The area's main crops are millets. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 27-sq-km Population: 144561 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 11o 9' and 11o 49' Longitude: E 78o 52' and 79o 50' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil. on the west by Bangalore and Mysore districts of Karnataka State. which is said to wash away one's sins. Min 22ºC Rainfall: 1164 mm NEARBY CITIES Ariyalur . 1965 Is an: Agricultural Trade Center and Contains Some Light Industry Main Attractions: Hogenakkal Waterfalls.108-km Mannargudi .93-km Nagappattinam .101-km Chidambaram .108-km NeyVeli . About 48-km west are the Hogenakkal Falls of the Cauvery River. History of Dharmapuri: Several dynasties. like the districts of Pudukkottai and Erode. Tamil Nadu Formed On: October 2nd. Pandyas. Athiyamankottai.55-km DHARMAPURI Location: Dharmapuri District. The town of Dharmapuri is the district headquarters of the district of Dharmapuri. Malayalam and Telugu Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 43ºC. The City Of Dharmapuri: Dharmapuri is an agricultural trade center and contains some light industry. and Krishnagiri The Dharmapuri district is one of the new districts of Tamil Nadu.114-km Vridhachalam . Fire Walking Festival: Local temples conclude their annual festivals with hundreds of men. on the north by Karnataka State and the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Muslim Sultans of Bijapur and Golconda. Thousands of people go to the seashore to have a dip in the sea. and on the south by Salem district. and was organized on October 2nd.the Hoysalas. a famous pilgrimage site. Considerable deposits of saltpetre and salts of soda are mined in this region. Finally the British had control over this area since 1792 AD.34-km Perambalur .
HOW TO GET THERE Rail: Dharmapuri has a railway station and is well connected by rail with the important towns and cities within and beyond the state.7ºC WinterMax 28.318 Latitude: N 11° 45' and 13°01' Longitude: E 77°13' and 78° 45' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and Telugu Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 39. The main villages of Athiyamankottai are located on the eastern side of the Salem-Bangalore Highway about one km from the Fort.PRIME ATTRACTIONS Hogenakkal Waterfalls: This is one of the wonderful waterfalls in Tamil Nadu.2ºC. The place acquires its name after the Tamil King "Athiyaman Neduman Anji" who ruled the Thagadur (the present Dharmapuri) area and Kottai meaning fort. It is located at a distance of 48-km west of Dharmapuri.45-km Salem .16-km Hosur .9ºC. Min 29.5ºC Rainfall: 1. Paintings depicting Ramayana and Mahabharata scenes are found inside the temple. Hogenakkal offers a quite holiday in comfort.137-km DINDIGUL Location: In Dindigul District. is an old temple called "Chennakeswar temple" that is believed to have been constructed both by the King Krishnadevaraya and Hoysala Kings. Handicraft Industries As Silk Weaving And Jewelry And Cigar Manufacturing Units 17 . It is a part of the river Cauvery and is about 250 meters above sea level.100-km Harur . The Central Archaeological Department has taken over the site and is being protected by them. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 11-sq-kms Population: 59.000 mm to 1. The Dam site is a picnic spot. The main attraction of the falls is its vertical drop from a height of 20 meters with a thundering sound. Athiyamankottai: Athiyamankottai is located 8-km from Dharmapuri on the Dharmapuri Salem Highway.100-km Vellore . FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: Adi-Perukku is the biggest festival celebrated for 3 days in the month of August. Road: Dharmapuri is also well connected by road with the major towns and cities within and beyond the state. Tamil Nadu Name Derived: From the Words "Tintu Kal" Meaning Pillow Rock Contains: large-scale Cotton Spinning And Weaving Mills. Koothapadi village conducts this famous event.200 mm NEARBY CITIES Erode . At the center of the Fort site. is celebrated in Kaveripatnam in the month of February. All the paintings belong to the 13th century. An old fort called "Syed Padsha Hill Fort" is famous and attracts many tourists apart from the reservoir. auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available.77-km Krishnagiri .53-km Tiruvannamalai . Surrounded by mountains. Angalamman festival. Min 22. Krishnagiri: Krishnagiri is the second biggest town in Dharmapuri district and an historical place. which lasts for two days. For local transportation taxis.
Kodaikanal and other towns and cities within and beyond the state. Trichy. Hence it is called "Kottai (Fort) Mariamman temple". auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available. On the front side of the Sannidhi the Navagraha idols are installed.An important ceremonies of this church is held annually. Road: Dindigul is well connected by road with the important places within and beyond the state. The golden shield adorns the deity every day between 5. Its name is derived from the words "Tintu Kal" meaning pillow rock. FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: Festivals at Sri Kottai Mariamman Koil Starting on the 5th day after the New Moon day. Sri Kaalakatheeswarar Temple: Even though the Kaalakatheeswarar (also spelt as Kaalakatheeshwar) temple is very old. Muslim and British wars from the 17th to the 19th centuries. There is a Mandapam (Hall) in the center of the ground in which there is a sculpture of a Lion facing the Sannidhi. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Sri Kottai Mariamman Koil: Sri Kottai Mariamman Koil is more than 200 years old. it came into limelight during the period of Thirumalai Naicker. embedded deeply under the floor. the great festival of Masi is celebrated for 10 days every year. who renovated several temples in and around Madurai. Joseph Church: The British constructed St. A Board of Trustees runs the temple. located at a distance of 93-km. There are several sculptures on the sniper structure over the Sanctum Sanctorum. there is an idol of Kaalhi and another one for Goddess Durga. Antony's Church. The Sanctum Sanctorum is small and square shaped. The construction of this church was started in 1866 and completed in the year 1872. The 18 . The fortress built on the hill during the Vijayanagar era (1336-1565) was used in Hindu. The contemporary city contains large-scale cotton spinning and weaving mills. various scenes showing the destroying of the monster by the Goddess are seen. St.Places of Worship: Sri Kottai Mariamman Koil. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Trichy. It is a practice to bring the idols of Abhirama Devi and Padmagirinagar from the above mountain to this temple and celebrate the Festival of Brahmasaram in the month of Chithirai (April). St. On the eastern side over the Amman Sannidhi is a temple for Vinayaka and on the western side a temple for Madurai Veeran. Joseph Church Situated between the Palani and Sirumalai hills in Dindigul district. which starts on the last Friday of January and continues for 15 days. Antony's Church: Thomas Fernando constructed St. There are other festivals in all the 12 months of the year. The temple is square shaped and within the temple there is a temple for Vetri Vinayaka at the south and a temple for Lord Muruga at the north. handicraft industries as silk weaving and jewelry and cigar manufacturing units. Antony's church during the period 1982-1989. Dindigul is a road transport hub. The Mandapam used for this purpose has been later embellished and the deities Kaalakatheewarar and Gnanambikai were installed and consecrated during the 14th century. and St. The deity consecrated ("Moolavar") is seen here.m.m. On all the four sides. God Kaalakatheeswarar and Goddess Gnanambika are the presiding deities here. Sri Kaalakatheeswarar Temple. On the backside of the temple.00 p. This church is the head church for all other churches in Dindigul District. Joseph church 100 years ago. For local transportation taxis.00 p. to 9. refers to the bare hill dominating the city. depicting various incarnations of the Goddess Mariamman. St. Rail: Dindigul has a railway station and is well connected by rail with Palani. The army men of Tipu Sultan at the fort of the mountain installed the Mariamman idol.
lies in the extreme north of Tamil Nadu. Temple inscriptions indicate the prominent role-played by the city as early as the tenth century AD. Tamil Nadu Ruled By: Cholas. Maavu Vilakku etc. Mulzaippari procession.143-km Palani . Mysore. This festival also draws huge crowds. Its name is associated with a Chola temple (907-1279) and means "wet skull". River Palar also constituted its northern boundary for quite some distance. Chalukyas.113-km Karur . It's Location And Boundaries: The Erode district. 19 . Namakkal and Karur districts. It has industrial schools and several colleges affiliated with the University of Madras. Muslim and British armies successively destroyed Erode.93-km ERODE Location: Erode District.68-km Kodaikkanal . Small Pox etc. It is found that in the early day’s tribes. Nearly 10 lakh people visit the temple during the festive days. Festival of Brahmasaram at Sri Kaalakatheeswarar Temple It is a practice to bring the idols of Abhirama Devi and Padmagirinagar from the above mountain to Sri Kaalakatheeswarar temple and celebrate the Festival of Brahmasaram in the month of Chithirai (April).devotees come here and worship to get cured of several diseases like Eye disease. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 14-sq.132-km Erode . Vijayanagar Rulers and The British Erode Means: Wet Skull Main Attraction: Sangameshwarar Temple Erode is the district headquarters of the district of the same name. Erode is essentially a land locked area having no seacoast of its own. Min 20. Min 26.8ºC Rainfall: 899 mm NEARBY CITIES Chennai .586 (1991 Census) Latitude: N10° 9 ' to 10o 48' Longitude: E 77o 16' to 78o 20' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and English Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 37. the surrounding fertile soils assisted in the city's quick recovery as an agricultural trade center. Rashtrakutas. History of the City: Erode district which till recently formed part of Coimbatore has its history intertwined with that of Coimbatore. Pandyas. Hoysalas.389-km Coimbatore . In the north. which had its origin as an independent district recently.52-km Tiruchchirapalli . Mysore Rulers. Industries include cotton ginning and the manufacture of transport equipment. Though the Martha. The devotees perform several duties like taking Agni Chatti (Fire Pot). Erode is a railway hub and is the junction for the Pykara and Mettur hydroelectric schemes.5ºC. most prominent among them being the “Kosars” occupied this area.135.kms Population: 2. mostly the State of Karnataka bound it. Thus.14.9ºC. Milk Pot.8ºC WinterMax 31.km Madurai . To the east lie Salem. Dindigul district is its immediate neighbour to the south and on the west it has Coimbatore and Nilgiri districts as its boundaries.
Because of the internal strife and intermittent of wars the Kongu region in which the present Erode district is situated.1ºC WinterMax 32.59. Air: The nearest airport is at Coimbatore.48-km Salem .5ºC Rainfall: 700 mm NEARBY CITIES Bhavani . Later on the fall of Tipu Sultan of Mysore in 1799. the Kongu region came to be ceded to the East India Company by the Maharaja of Mysore who was restored to power by the Company after defeating Tipu Sultan. Direct access by roads and rail from state capital and other district headquarters is available. Bhavani. Min 20. which are only a few hours by road. Rail: Erode is an important railway junction on the west coastline. the area remained under British control till 1947. Tamil Nadu Called: Religious Capital of South India 20 .232 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 10o 35' to 11o58' Longitude: E 76o 50' to 77o 55' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil.72-km Coimbatore .56-km Namakkal .6ºC.km Dharapuram . From then.71-km Karur .58-km Satyamangalam . Telugu and Urdu. HOW TO GET THERE Erode being one of the prominent trading centers in the state is well connected with all modern means of transport and communication except for air service.90. For local transportation taxis and auto rickshaws are available. PRIME ATTRACTION Sangameshwarar Temple at Bhavani: Located 15-km northeast from Erode Railway Station is the famous pilgrimage center.8ºC. FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: The Annual Kundam festival at Chikkarasanpalayam in Gopichettipalayam Taluk (Taluka) is the biggest event celebrated in Erode district. fell into the hands of the Mysore rulers from whom Hyder Ali took over the area. On the decline of Cholas. Road: Erode is well connected by road with the important towns and cities within and beyond the state. This region was later wrested by Vijayanagar rule after over throwing the Madurai Sultanate. the Kongunadu came to be occupied by the Chalukyas and later by the Pandyas and Hoysalas. The entire area now constituting Erode district formed part of Coimbatore till recently from August 1979.56-km Kanchipuram Location: 75-Km From Chennai. Min 24. All passenger trains from Chennai to the West Coast halt here. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 8-sq-kms Population: 1. Malayalam.The Rulers Who Ruled Erode: the Rashtrakutas from whom the region fell into the hands of the Cholas overpowered The Kosar tribes. It is popularly known as "Tiruveni of South India". Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 39. Kannada. The temple stands at the confluence of the rivers Bhavani and the Cauvery. The presiding deity is Lord Sangameshwarar along with his consort Vedanayaki.
The temple is also in closer control of the Shankara Mutt.February. Kanchipuram is one of the most highly visited pilgrimage spots in India. Kanchipuram has magnificent temples of unique architectural beauty bearing eloquent testimony to its glorious Dravidian heritage. Madurai. All the religious cities in India support one of the two sects in Hinduism . But. With the Sankara Mutt acting as the hub of Hindu activities and the temples. surrounding the Varadaraja Temple. Hence. Vijayanagar Kings. Kailashanathar (also spelt as Kailashnatha) is one of the earliest temples built by the Pallava ruler Rajasimha Pallava and was completed by his son. Garuda Sevai.00 p. while the Kamakshi Amman Temple stands in between as a place of Shakti worship. cultural and religious background for centuries.Varadaraja Temple In June. The Golden Chariot is taken in a procession around the temple on Friday evenings around 7. The Kamakshi Amman temple is the hub of all religious activities in Kanchipuram. Kailashanathar Temple: Dedicated to Lord Shiva. Kailashanathar Temple. surrounding the Ekambareshwar (also spelt as Ekambareshwa) Temple. Float Festival -Varadaraja Temple In February And November. which are governed either by the Department of Archeology. Kumara Kottam.Vaishnavism and Shaivism. where the deity is 'Visaalakshi'. and can rightfully be called the " Pilgrimage In Tamil Nadu Buddhist Pilgrimage Religious Capital of South India". and Shiva Kanchi. or the Hindu Temples Department of the Tamil Nadu Government. it is never crowded with locals. Ulahalanda Perumal Temple Important Festivals Celebrated: Brahmotsavam -Varadaraja Temple In May. Kamakshi Ammam Festival . spreading over an area of 12. no other edifice has been so elaborately filled with all the 64 aspects of Lord Shiva. The temple is unique in its architecture and is viewed more as an architectural wonder than as a holy place.m. The temple is situated among several low-roofed houses just over 1-km west of the town center. Kanchipuram was under the Pallavas from the 6th to 8th century AD and later became the citadel of the Cholas.Famous Temples In Kanchipuram: Kamakshi Amman Temple. once in a year during Shivaratri festival large crowds visit the temple and there could be hours of waiting in long queues. Of all the temples in India. It has been a center of Tamil learning. unlike the other temples. Ekambareshwar Temple: Ekambareshwar temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is one of the largest temples in Kanchipuram. Varadaraja Temple. Panguni Uthiram -Ekambareshwara Temple In March-April. It is the oldest structure in Kanchipuram and the finest example of Pallava architecture in South India. Kanchipuram holds the most important rank among the three. Government of India. the three places are Kanchipuram. Mahashivaratri Festival Kailashanatha Temple In February. In the same order. Land Of Thousand Temples: Kanchipuram is a small. rural town about 75-km from Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu. where the Goddess Kamakshi is worshipped. dividing itself into Vishnu Kanchi. This temple also features an Art Gallery with pictures depicting the history of Sri Adishankaracharya and the Shankara Mutt.14 hectares. and Kashi. where the Goddess Meenakshi is worshipped. Kamakshi Amman Temple: India has three main cities where the Goddess Shakti is worshipped. The kings of the Chola Empire built the temple in 14th century AD. but Kanchipuram has blended itself equally to both the sects. The main tower over the sanctum (Vimanam) of the temple is gold plated. the Muslim and the British. Mahendra Varma Pallava in the 8th century AD. This ancient 21 . Ekambareshwar Temple. Also of significance is the Golden Chariot in this temple.
It is considered to be one of the most ancient temples in India and has been in existence even prior to 600 AD. then already several centuries old. Mandapams. located in Vishnu Kanchi or "the Little Kanchi". Float festival -Varadaraja temple in February and November. but their festival idols are kept here. In the front part of the temple in the mirror room one can see the marble figure of Ramalinga Swamigal. "Deva Perumal". Deivayani are absent here. When one comes out after worshipping the main deity. and Tiruppapuliyur 22 .February. Chengalpattu. also known as "Hastigiri" and is one of the celebrated Vaishnava Divya Desams. Many miracles are said to have occurred. Ulahalanda Perumal Temple: Ulahalanda Perumal temple. one can see the festival idols. Festivals Celebrated In Kanchipuram: Some of the important festivals celebrated in Kanchipuram are the Brahmotsavam -Varadaraja temple in May. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Chennai is the nearest airport to Kanchipuram. It was with his ministry that the temple. situated about half a kilometre from the center of the town near Kamakshi Amman temple is one of the oldest temples in Kanchipuram. began to gain fame. Originally it was known as "Attiyuran". Rail: Trains for Kanchipuram are available from Chennai. The deity Ulahalanda Perumal in this temple represents the "Vamana Roopam". The deity Ulahalanda Perumal is depicted by a huge image of about 35 feet high.temple is surrounded by a huge stonewall built in the early 16th century during the days of the Vijayanagar Empire. an incarnation of Lord Vishnu taken to save the Devas from the Demon king Mahabali. Road: Kanchipuram is 75-km away from Chennai and is well connected by a network of roads. Kattu Mannargudi. It is a well-visited temple with two Prakarams and a complete pantheon of Parivara Devatas enshrined in their respective shrines. Tirupati. it has grown over the centuries into a large one with innumerable shrines. It enshrines many traditions. Kumara Kottam: Kumara Kottam is located in between the Kamakshi and Ekambareshwar temples in the Somaskanda formation in the town of Kanchipuram. Mahashivaratri festival . Bangalore and other places. KANYAKUMARI Location: in Cuddalore District. beginning as a small fane. who used to serve here. In the sanctum.Kailashanatha temple in February. "Athiyooran" and "Perarulalan". Gopurams and Tanks. and the lower left arm is on the thigh in Katyavailambita pose with the left arm holding the Kamandalam. Varadaraja temple with superb art has a magnificent history. The main deity here is Varadaraja Perumal in a standing posture-facing west and the Lord here is also known as "Devaraja". For local transportation bicycles can be hired from the shops near the bus stand. In accordance with the function of Creation he has assumed. Ekambareshwar temple is of hoary antiquity. The posture is also called "Brahma Chattam". the upper hand holds the rosary. Varadaraja Temple: The Varadaraja temple is one of the important shrines of Sri Vaishnavites. "Pranatharthihara". Garuda SevaiVaradaraja temple in June. Kamakshi Ammam Festival . Tamil Nadu Also known As: Kuttalur Hosts: An Ancient Seaport Main Attractions: Cuddalore Port. his right arm is in Abaya pose. and Bangalore. Valli. Here only honey is used for ablutions. Cycle Rickshaws and auto rickshaws are also available on hire to move in and around the city. Panguni Uthiram -Ekambareshwara temple in March-April. There are frequent buses from the city to Chennai. Muruga is in a seated pose. which is associated with Sri Ramanuja.
the Virgin Goddess who did penance to obtain the hand of Lord Shiva.THE SOUTHERN MOST LAND TIP OF INDIA: Kanyakumari (also spelt as Kanniyakumari) district is bounded by Tirunelveli district in the north and northeast. The beach here does not really offer one the opportunity to sunbathe on soft golden sands. coconut groves and mineral sands. lies Kannyakumari. two rocks over which a monument honoring Swami Vivekananda. The City Of Kanyakumari: At the southern most land tip of India. People are warned to stay off the rocks. 1892. Swami Vivekananda Rock Memorial: On the evening of December 25. an important pilgrim center. Next year he attended the Parliament of Religions in Chicago. once known as "The Granary of Travancore" lies at the southwestern part of Indian peninsula. facing the Bay of Bengal is opened only five times a year. an event of seminal importance in the modern history of Hinduism. It stands near where three oceans meet: the Indian Ocean. and there is a manmade wall running along it. The Nayaks expanded it later. There are three Prakaras. the beach offers a welcome change.KANYAKUMARI . rich forests. To commemorate his visit to the rock a superb memorial has been erected. before it gathers itself up for another attack. where the Arabian Sea. Temple Of Goddess Bhagavathi: Few temples in India are more picturesquely located than that of Goddess Bhagavathi in Kannyakumari. especially on full moon days. The coastline is almost regular except for some points of land projecting into the sea at Cape Comorin. The History of Kanyakumari: Kanniyakumari district. a Hindu religious leader. She carries a necklace in Her right hand. Legend has it that the Goddess Parvati in one of her incarnations as Devi Kanniya did penance on one of the rocks of this land's end to obtain the hand of Lord Shiva. With long stretches of sands of many hues. Kanyakumari Beach: The Kanyakumari beach is a beautiful sight with multi-coloured sand. or to frolic in the waves either. Kanyakumari is the district headquarters of the district of the same name. Pilgrim Rites Performed: Pilgrimage rites include bathing at Pitru and Matru Tirtha. The seashore is rocky and dangerous. so it is entertaining to watch it beat itself against the rocks and then subside. by Kerala state in the northwest and confluence of Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean in the west and south. It attracts thousands of visitors. He then resolved to decide himself to the service of the Motherland and to spread the message of Vedanta. A variety of shells are on sale on the Kanyakumari beach. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Kumari Amman Temple: Kumari Amman Temple is dedicated to Parvati as Devi Kanya. The eastern gate. the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. The sea is fairly rough. Kannyakumari is famous for its beach and the spectacular sunrises and sunsets. It was in Travancore for a long time and then merged with Tamil Nadu in 1956 under the State Linguistic Reorganization Act. the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal meet. was built in 1970. There is a lighthouse from where one can get a panoramic view. and when if someone ventures out of bounds. Kanyakumari is also famous for its vast green stretches of paddy fields. a watchful policeman quickly and severely reprimands him or her. Swami Vivekananda who had come to Kannyakumari on pilgrimage swam to the rock and spent the whole night they’re in deep meditation. Gandhi Mandapam: Not far from the Kumari Amman Temple is the Gandhi Mandapam. Its Name: Kannyakumari has been named after the Goddess Kannyakumari Amman who is the popular deity of the area. In its early form the temple seems to have been built by the first Pandyas. The image of the Goddess in the sanctum is marvelous in its serenity and beneficence. constructed at the spot where the urn containing the ashes of Mahatma Gandhi was kept 23 .
It is believed that snakebite is not fatal within a kilometre of the temple.for public view before a portion of its contents was immersed in the three seas. built in 1647. Thengapattinam Beach: Thengapattinam. or specially sanctified residences. He then rebuilt it in the Kerala style. The Lord Muruga Temple is built on the hillock about 200 feet height in a lush green field of Paddy. one of the nine sung of by Namalvar. situated on the west coast. It was renovated in 1983. The temple has a Nadaswaram musical instrument made of stone. the spouse of Lord Subramanya in the temple. The sea situates it. The Linga. Alvar Tirunagari: One of the celebrated Vaishnavaite temples in the district of Kannyakumari is in Alvar Tirunagari. and Ninrasir Neumaran. The saint attained enlightenment under a tree. dedicated to Lord Nelliappar and Goddess Kanthimathi. and the base Lord Brahma. who ruled Venad. The Gopura is of nine storeys and is 38m high. are worshipped. Brahma. It enshrines the King of Serpents. the “chain” Mandapa. the middle Lord Vishnu. which still stands in the temple. "Sthanu" is a name of Shiva. with Kalakkad as his capital. The fane has some Jain sculptures. also in the same district. with mud walls. In the right side of the temple there is one big lake. Nagaraja Temple at Nagercoil: 19-km from Kannyakumari is Nagercoil. is 42m high and was constructed in the 17th century. Muttam: About 32-km from Kannyakumari is Muttam with a fine beach and a lighthouse. The Gopura. named "Sthanumalaya". This is a fine. Originally. Tradition states that a King of Kalakkad was cured of leprosy when he performed penance in the temple. between these two. linked them. The temple is noted for architectural beauty. The Lord is Adinatha. suitable for boating. the Pandya. from 1516 to 1535. to Lord Sankaranarayana. there were two temples side by side. Vishnu and Isvara. the place might have derived this name. Traditionally. It resembles an Oriyan temple and was designed so that on Gandhi’s birthday (2nd October). Vattakottai: About 6-km from Kannyakumari is Vattakottai with an 18th century fort overlooking the sea. Tirunelveli: The temple of Swami Nelliappar and Sri Kanthimathi Ambal in Tirunelveli (83-km from Kanyakumari) dates back at least to the seventh century. is in three parts. and "Ayan" of Brahma. of nine storeys. it commemorates the Lord's victory over Surapadma. The temple is famous for the miracles the Goddess performs in curing illness. It is one of the few temples in the country where the Trinity. Subramanya Temple in Tiruchendur: The temple of Lord Subramanya in Tiruchendur. The temple was built in the eleventh century and was expanded later. The sanctum is a simple thatched shed. Sambandar has sung it. Plantain and Coconut trees. "Mal" of Vishnu. He might have been Bhuthalavira Sri Vira Udaya Marthandavarma. is said to have commissioned the making of musical pillars in a Mandapa in this temple. the top represents Lord Shiva. As coconut trees are abundant in this place. of the Lord. the sun's rays fall on the place where his ashes were kept. which contains the celebrated Nagaraja temple. is a place of historical importance. It is 35-km from Nagercoil and 54-km from Kannyakumari. a demon. The sea here is calm and suitable for bathing. It is played during the temple festival. a combination of Shiva and Vishnu. to Goddess Gomathi Amman and. The side of the Lord also enshrines goddess Valli. about 34-km from Kannyakumari. Kumarakovil: Kumarakovil is at the foot of the Velimalai hills in Kalkulam Taluk (also spelt as Taluka). A Mandapa. The Temple At Suchindram: Tradition connects the Kannyakumari temple with that in Suchindram (13-km from Kanyakumari). is one of the "Arupadai Veedus". 24 . Sankaranainarkoil: Sankaranainarkoil has three shrines dedicated to Lord Sankaralinga. large fane. The oldest inscription belongs to the middle of the tenth century. with a beautiful tank.
It is 56-km from Kanyakumari. The bridge and the lush green surroundings are noted for scenic beauty. among other buildings. Olakkay Aruvi Water falls: Olakkay Aruvi waterfalls in the Western Ghats are 14-km from Nagercoil and 33-km from Kanyakumari. Tiruvelveli. Padmanabhapuram is known for its fort. Bangalore. as Cape Comorin is located at the southern most tip of India. The mosque at Thengapattinam is about 1. including the foothills of the Western Ghats and the adjoining area. a palace and a temple. which is well connected with national and International flights. Kalakkadu and Mundanthurai: Kalakadu wildlife sanctuary is situated in an area of 223-sq-km in the Tirunelveli district.This village had. The paintings on the walls of the temple are worth seeing. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Thiruvananthapuram (80-km). trade relations with foreign countries like Arabia. Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea meet. 25 . Trichy. There was direct Cargo boat service between Thengapattinam and other foreign maritime towns. etc. Superfast trains connect the southern most railhead of India with northern cities like Jammu and Delhi. Mandapam (Rameshwaram). Cape Festival: Kanyakumari. Pondicherry. Town bus service. The Jain sculptures here are worth a visit. tourist taxis and auto rickshaws are available. where the Bay of Bengal. The beautiful waterfalls and the natural scenery all around the place attract many holiday seekers and this place has become an important picnic center. From Thiruvananthapuram one can take a taxi or bus to Kanyakumari. a picturesque spot with an ancient Mahadevar Temple. A dip in the ocean here is considered holy. There is nothing to differentiate this sanctuary from that of Kalakadu. Madurai. Trivandrum. but the sea is rough here and not fit for bathing. Tiruchendur. Situated 42-km from Tirunelveli. Intercity trains are running from almost all the southern cities. in ancient times. Rail: Kanyakumari is well connected by train services with all the places in India. The temple here is one of the finest specimens of temple art and architecture. which encloses.200 years old. Thirparappu waterfalls: About 60km from Kanyakumari are Thirparappu Waterfalls. the Mundanthurai wildlife sanctuary boasts of dry deciduous to tropical wet evergreen forest patches of pure reeds. The palace has some important art relics while the Ramaswami temple has exquisitely carved panels depicting scenes from the Ramayana. except the absence of Elephant and the Gaur. The sanctuary covers an area of 567-sq-kms. Chidaral: 55-km from Kanyakumari is Chidaral. Thengapattinam Beach is an excellent picnic spot with backwater facilities. Padmanabhapuram is 45km from Kanyakumari. 47km from Tirunelveli. Pechipparai Dam: Like all other dam sites Pechipparai Dam too is a popular picnic spot where facilities for boating have also been provided. Padamanabhapuram: The capital of Travancore until 1333. Thiruvattar: Thiruvattar is located at a distance of 70-km from Kanyakumari. Mathoor Thottippalam: It is one of the largest and the highest bridge located near Thiruvattar about 70-km from Kanyakumari. This place is well connected with Nagercoil and Thiruvananthapuram by regular bus service. the Kalakadu wildlife sanctuary is very popular with botanists and ornithologists as it has a great variety of fauna and bird lives. Tuticorin. where the sunset and moonrise can be viewed simultaneously on a full moon day. Nagercoil. Road: Kanyakumari is connected by regular bus services with Chennai. also known. This is the only place in India.
Min 21. Legend Connected With The Temple: Tradition goes to say that during the "Mahapralaya" (Great Floods) after "Dwaparayuga". a 'Kumbam' (Pot) full of Amritham (also spelt as Amrit) and Lord Shiva set seeds for creation afloat. Sri Chakrapani Temple And Sri Ramaswami Temple Famous Festival Celebrated: Mahamaham Festival Kumbakonam is the temple town of South India situated in Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu. is a rare specimen. Sri Sarangapani Temple. The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Kumbeshwara and the presiding Goddess is Sri Mangalambigai. 26 . A Chola King built the temple and the temple building itself would seem to have been renovated by the Nayak King. Sri Durgaiamman and Sri Kirathamoorti bear the impress of the antiquity about them. Malayalam.95-km Triuneveli.4ºC WinterMax 33.8ºC. On a single block of stone in the Navaratri Mandapam all the 27 stars and 12 'Rashis' (signs) have been carved out. Its main Gopuram is 128 feet high and has many intricately carved sculptures on it.6ºC Rainfall: (Average) 102 CMS NEARBY CITIES Tenkasi. It is a fertile area on the banks of river Cauvery and one of its tributaries Arasalaru. and English Climate Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 34. Of the many temples in Kumbakonam. Kumbakonam is flooded with temples of large size.900 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 8o 3' to 8o 35' Longitude: E 77o 05' to 77o 36' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil. Some of the old images like Sri Ambal. The Cape festival is celebrated on a large scale for three days at Kanyakumari. The image of Lord Subramanya. Min 22. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 25.The Vivekananda memorial set amidst the sea is a place known to give mental emancipation. There is an excellent collection of silver Vahanas (palanquins) used to carry the deities at festival times. in and around Kumbakonam within 40-km of radius. There are as many as sixty temples. Sri Nageshwara Temple.138-km Thiruvananthpuram.89-sq-km Population: 18. enshrined in this part of the temple.83-km Kumbakonam Location: Thanjavur District Of Tamil Nadu Famous Temples: Sri Adikumbeshwara Temple.8ºC. There is a shrine dedicated to Adi Vinayaka (Lord Ganesh). The town is famous for the Mahamaham festival that is celebrated once in 12 years in the Mahamaham tank located in the heart of the city. the Sri Sarangapani.87-km Tiruchendur. The temple contains some wonderful pieces of sculpture and architecture. Sri Adikumbeshwara Temple: This is the largest and the oldest Shiva temple located in the center of the town of Kumbakonam. The festival is marked by a series of cultural programs. the oldest Shaiva fane is the Adikumbeshwara and the oldest Vaishnava fane. It has six heads but only six hands holding different kinds of weapons. Shiva proclaimed it Himself that the place where the pot touched theground and had its rest would be considered as the holiest places in the world.
have sung of the Lord. Pleased with him. ignored him awhile. meaning one who entered the Kumba or vessel long ago. the Lord's shrine. Bhrugu was born in his next birth as Guha. and hence the name Adi Kumbeswara. Each is kept open for half the year. is not made of granite stone and as such Abishekams (also spelt as Abhisheka) cannot be performed with watery substances lest it should dissolve the shape of the Linga (also spelt as lingam). Immediately after its rest Lord Shiva appeared in the guise of a hunter and broke the said Kumbam full of Amritham with his arrow.Since the said Kumbam. But the Goddess resented the Lord's indifference to the insult and came down to the earth. A Traditional Feature: According to the tradition once a sage named Bhrugu. In fact seven of the Alvars in all have sung His praises. After some time she realised that she was in the wrong. and subsequently as a sage named Hema. Subsequently the Lord. piqued by the fact that Lord Vishnu. Appar and Sambandhar who flourished prior to the 7th century AD have sung devotional songs ("Thevarams") in praise of the presiding deities of the temple. kicked him in the chest. believed to be an offshoot of the "Pranava Vimana" of Srirangam and a replica of the one presented to Vibhishna at Sri Rama's coronation. Sri Sarangapani Temple: The Vaishnavaite temple of Sri Sarangapani is some two thousand years old in its traditional origins. The Shaivaite Saints. and reopens in the evening at 4:00 p. both from the sides. this ancient place is named as "Kumbakonam" after that Kumbam. Subsequently He married Komalavalli. The earliest Alvars. The temple usually remains closed during the noon hours.m. The sage came to Kumbakonam and adopted the Goddess as his daughter. was built under the later Cholas. 27 . which is in the form of a chariot. It was in this temple that Nathamuni redacted the Vaishnavaite Tamil hymns. whom he went to see when He was in the company of the Goddess. To regain Her place by the Lord She began severe penance on a thousand-petalled lotus in a tank named "Pottamarai". Temple Timings: The temple is kept open from 5:30 in the morning and stays so till 12:00 in the noon. the Lord asked what boon he wished for. as announced by the creator of the world. Tirumazhisai attained salvation here. in the 12th century. came to the Pottamarai tank in Kumbakonam.m. giving Her the name of "Komalavalli". There are two entrances to the Ratha (chariot) shrine. The temple closes in the night after the last pujas are performed by 8:00 p. Idol Of Kirathamoorti: The idol of Kirathamoorti is a special feature in the temple and it is a standing monument to commemorate the incidence that. had its rest in this place. Out of the pieces of the broken pot Lord Shiva made out a ShivaLinga and entered into it. While the temple structure dates back to the Pallava times and even earlier. This is now enshrined in the temple. It is to be noted that this MahaLinga unlike other Lingas found in other temples. entering a chariot. He said that Goddess Laxmi should be born as his daughter and that the Lord should marry Her. in Kumbakonam. the boatman who helped Srirama. named the "Vaidika Vimana". Lord Shiva Himself has created the present MahaLinga. The Lord merely asked whether his feet were paining him. The nectar settled at two places one of which became the famous Mahamaham Tank. He remembered that he had caused a separation between the Lord and the Goddess and to expiate his sin he began severe austerities. The Lord granted the request. Bhutam and Pey.
which is well connected with the important towns and cities within and beyond the state. Festivals Celebrated In The Adikumbeshwara Temple: The Great Mahamaham festival celebrated in honour of Lord attracts lakhs of people from far and wide and it takes place once in 12 years. Festival Celebrated In The Nageshwara Temple: The annual Bhramotsavam in the Nageshwara Temple is observed in the Tamil month of Pankuni.June). Sri Ramaswami Temple: Raghunatha. The Goddess is "Vijayavalli Thayar". Thanjavur. Sapthathanam during Chitirai month (April . 28 . Though the temple is small but it is known for its marvelous architecture that exceeds many of the other Chola temples. It is said that the Nayak obtained the images of Sri Rama and Sita when a tank was being dug. the Nayak of Thanjavur. and at the same time. this time in murals. During this festival Lord's idol will be carried in a palanquin to the nearby villages.On the first tier of the entrance Gopura there are labeled sculptures depicting the poses prescribed in Bharatha's text on the dance. It is believed that on this auspicious day the tank receives supplies of water from the Ganges and eight other holy rivers and all the deities are said to remain present here on that occasion. The Lord has a number of festivals round the year. It is celebrated for 10 days during that period. or the discuss. Villupuram. The Nataraja shrine here is shaped in the form of a chariot. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Nearest airports are Trichy (96-km) and Chennai (275-km). Pondicherry. as to who shone brighter. Chidambaram. Sri Nageshwara Temple: Possibly the oldest in Kumbakonam. Madurai.April). Every year in the month of Maasi (February-March) a festival is conducted and the image of Lord Kumbeshwara is taken out in a procession. Mayiladuthurai. they exude devotion. Sri Chakrapani Temple: The Sri Chakrapani temple enshrines a legend according to which the Sun God engaged in a competition with the Chakra. Daily pujas are conducted six times from morning to evening. Coimbatore. the Nageshwara temple dedicated to Lord Nataraja is one of the finest early Chola temples. Neyveli. It is celebrated on the conjunction of the moon with the Mahanakshatra and Jupiter crosses one Rashi or sign in about one year. Rail: Kumbakonam has a railway station. These have been often restored and renovated. which Lord Vishnu carries. not in the customary standing Kodandarama one. The carvings are sharp. Some scholars believe that they were brought here from another temple. The Lord allowed the Sun God to regain his brightness by retracting somewhat of His discus' splendour. Nagapattinam. Road: Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation and Private buses are running daily to/from Kumbakonam from Trichy. Others include. Marriage festival for Lord Adikumbeshwara and Goddess Mangalambigai is conducted in the month of Vaikasi (May . To enshrine them he built this splendid temple about 1625. built the Sri Ramaswami temple. It comes to Simha Rashi or Leo every 13th year and it is considered especially sacred. Theppam festival during Panguni (March .May). The discus triumphed. In the Mahamandapa there are several pillars on which are sculptures depicting the "Ramayana". This temple is believed to have been completed during the reign of Parantaka I (907-c. Erode. Cuddalore and Tirunelvelli. On the walls around the Prakara the "Ramayana" is again told. Mannargudi. The Lord is called "Chakrapani".940). noted for the quality of its sculpture. and the shrine dedicated to the Sun God is of great sculptural significance. The Lord in the sanctum is in His coronation ensemble. who ruled from 1600 to 1635.
The people wake up even before the sun has risen. Kodai boats. The hillplantain fruits and plums are known for their freshness and taste. The aroma of eucalyptus is pervasive. Ketti is a wealth of natural beauty reposing in the Wenlock Downs. Boats like T. Tamil Nadu Famous For: Highest Railway Station Situated At 7. Carlton boats are available for hire. Rail: The nearest convenient railway station is at Ooty. The other prominent features of the region are endless carpets of tea gardens whose produce is world famous. Ketti is famous for having the highest railway station in the country.133-m high and covers an area of 21. The scenery around here is delightful. the Municipal Gardens and Doddabetta Peak. Life In The Valley: Ketti represents a way of life that revolves around caring for livestock and cultivation of vegetables and potatoes.T. situated at a height of 7. which mesmerizes any visitor.D. KODAIKANAL Location: 120 Km from Madurai.623 m the highest in the Nilgiris. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Coimbatore (100-km away). CLIMATE: The climate of Ketti is gorgeous and the place is suitable for visit in all seasons except monsoons. mighty rocks. enhancing waterfalls and a beautiful lake. When night falls. located 21-km away from the bus stand. The pride of Kodaikanal is the 'Kurinji-flower'.KETTI Location: Near Coonoor.C. in the Nilgiri Mountains of South India. 29 . which blossoms once in 12 years. Was constructed. at 2. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Berijam Lake: Berijam Lake is one of the beautiful picnic spots in Kodai. Kotagiri and Coimbatore. cowbells resonate musically across the valley while smoke spirals skywars from the tiled houses below.45-sqkm. as Ketti seems to blend with the distant view. few tourists were permitted to avail boat ride as temporary members. Kodai is situated at an altitude of about 2. but only from May 1929. Coonoor. which is the home of tribes such as the Badagas and the Todas. the temperature is rarely higher than 25°C or lower than 10°C and the winters are distinctly cooler with a high of 21°C and a low of 5°C. It is an idyllic spot with a cluster of tiny villages that extend to the plains of Coimbatore and Mysore plateau. Road: Regular buses are available from Ooty.000 ft. Later on they were extended to the public and tourists in 1932. Kodaikanal is a charming hill station. one will delight in the unbelievable clusters of stars that seem to be just an arm's length away. The hill town is renowned for its educational institutions of international repute. Walks around the village can be an invigorating afternoon experience.000 Ft Home Of: Badagas And Todas (Tribes) Best Time To Visit: April-June And September-December Ketti is a tiny village located on the road to Coonoor. During summers. winding up above stately homes such as "Sunny Bank" within the boundary of Ootacamund town. The weather of Ketti valley is salubrious. Tamil Nadu Popularly Known As: Kodai Famous Festival Summer Festival Best Time To Visit: April To June And September To October Kodaikanal located amidst the folds of the verdant Pali hills is one of the most popular serene hill stations in India. With her wooded slopes. This lake supplies drinking water to Periakalam town. In the Nilgiri Mountains.
adventure sports. There is no autoTHE SUMMER FESTIVAL IN KODAIKANAL: There are several beautiful hill stations in Tamil Nadu. The overflow of Kodai Lake comes down here as 180 feet high falls. Additional buses ply during the season. Palani. In Tamil literature "Kurinji" means "Hilly Region" and "Andavar" means God. Taxis and vans are available for local transportation.3ºC 30 . The Sacred Heart College maintains this museum. Min8. Dindigul.8ºC. CLIMATE: The climate of Kodaikanal is pleasant throughout the year. Regular bus services are available from Madurai.133 meters Temperature Range (deg C) Summer Max 19. Kurinji Andavar Temple: The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Murugan and is about 3. Population 2. Kumuli (Thekkady) and Coimbatore.45-sq-km. and Madurai (120-km). one can get a view of the northern plains and Palani Hills.3ºC. the exquisite Kodaikanal or the salubrious heights of Yercaud. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Madurai (120 km from Kodaikanal). The summer festival is held in the 'Queen of Hill Stations'. the hills are even hospitable to welcome the visitors. From this temple. Coaker.2-km from the lake. Tiruchirapalli. Some of the best views of the plains can be seen from here. Shenbaganur Museum: Shenbaganur Museum is located about 5-Km from the lake. boat races.7461 (1991 Census) Altitude 2.6-km from the lake. two telescope houses have been put up at Kodai. Kodaikanal Road. With the Summer Festivals. rugged hill path. Silver Cascade: Silver Cascade waterfall is located on the Ghat Road about 8-km from Kodaikanal.3 ºC WinterMax17. Bear Shola Falls: An ideal picnic spot located 1. the evergreen Ooty. Bears once used to drink water above the falls. Theni. Coimbatore (175-km).to shoulder vertically measuring to a height of about 122 meters providing a panoramic view. Cultural programs. Pillar Rocks: Within the city limits one can see three boulders standing shoulder . Kumili (160-km). hybrids and rafts. One of the best orchidoriums in the country with more than 300 species of orchids and wide-ranging collection of birds are found here.Bryant Park: Bryant Park situated on the eastern side of the lake. which spreads out in a star shape over sixty acres is a main attraction as it is set among the greenery. Kodaikanal Lake: Kodaikanal Lake is a magnificent man-made lake. flower and fruit shows add to the splendour of the festival. GENERAL INFORMATION Area 21. The boat club here offers several pleasure and racing trips. which can be by a picturesque. Telescope Houses: To enable the visitors to have a panoramic view of the valley and the nearby towns. Trichy (197-km). Rail: The nearest railway stations are the Kodai Road Railway Station (80-km) and the Palani Railway Station (64-km). but the best time to visit Kodaikanal is from April to June and from September to October. The annual horticultural show is held here in May. Varieties of flowers can be seen in a glasshouse. is noted for flowers. Min 11. which runs along a steep slope on the southern side of the Kodai. Road: Kodaikanal is connected by road with Chennai (520-km). who prepared the map of Kodai and it is about a kilometre from the lake. Ooty (264-km). Coaker's Walk: Coaker's Walk derives the name from Lt.
Surprisingly. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Coimbatore (105-km). the Indian Army and the Defence Staff College are located here. There is a wonderful golf course. Tamil Nadu Altitude: 1950m Dates Back: 1819 Kotagiri is located 16-km away from Ooty and it is the oldest hill station of the Nilgiris. Among these are the musical pillars. these musical pillars are carved out of a single granite rock. Road: Kotagiri is connected to the nearby places by road and there are regular bus services from Mettupalayam railway station. Kotagiri is situated at an altitude of 1950m. There are some thick. Ooty. Elk Falls. that dates back to 1819 and is quieter than Ooty. pilgrim’s 31 . Precisely there are 985 pillars and each of them is delicately and exquisitely carved. The Pandyan king. Kulasekhara had built a gorgeous temple around which he created a lotus shaped city. Kodanad Viewpoint and Catherine Falls are a few places to visit. The temple also has an art museum. Rainfall December.Clothing woolen during winter. which produce music when tapped. It is considered to be a sacred place. deep impenetrable forests called "Sholas". street markets and temples. The city apart from temple is crammed with shops. Kotagiri enjoys a climatic advantage over Ooty. This sacred town of south attracts thousands of pilgrims and visitors from India as well as abroad. This magnificently carved temple is the main attraction of Madurai and its huge Gopurams towers over the city.Meenakshi Temple: The life of Madurai revolves around the Sri Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple. Main Attractions: Meenakshi Temple. The temple has been a hub of Tamil culture and has been sponsoring literature. Wellington: Wellington situated on the way from Coonoor to Ooty is a military town with rows and rows of barracks. Mythology says when city was being named. and dance in the region for a long time. and Thirumalai Nayak Mahal Festive Attractions: Meenakshi Kalyanam In April-May And The Teppam Festival Madurai or the "city of nectar" is the oldest and second largest city of Tamil Nadu. On the auspicious occasion some Divine nectar ("Madhu") fell from the matted locks of Shiva and hence the city was named "Madhurapuri". PRIME ATTRACTIONS Rangaswamy Pillar: Rangaswamy Pillar is located 16 km away from Kotagiri on the eastern slopes of the Nilgiris. Meenakshi temple has a thousand pillared 'Mandapam'. Lord Shiva blessed the city and its people. Coonoor. The headquarters of the Madras Regimental Center. which was once a British hill resort. in that the Doddabetta range protects it from the onslaught of the southeast monsoon. Heavy rains occur during October- KOTAGIRI Location: 16-km From Ooty. Light woolen in the evening during summer and heavy 165 CMS (average). This city is located on Vaigai River and was the capital of Pandyan rulers till the 14th century. Madurai's Pilgrimage . Rail: The nearest convenient railway station is at Ooty. which is just a sheet of gorgeous green. art. Koodal Azhagar Temple. Wellington and Kila Kotagiri. Kodanad Viewpoint: Kodanad Viewpoint located at a distance of 16 km from Kotagiri commands a panoramic view of the plains and the eastern slopes of the Nilgiris. music. Madurai Location: Tamil Nadu Historical Significance: Remained The Capital Of Pandayan Empire Till 14th Century.
which he was wearing at the time of his assassination. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary: One of the well-known wildlife sanctuaries in the south. a rock cut temple carved out of a mountain. Kodaikkanal: One of the best hill stations in India and one of the few in South India. It gives a clear account of the history of Independence movement of India. Azhagar Koil: This temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is located 18-km northeast of Madurai on a picturesque hilltop. Though Madurai is considered as pilgrimage but it has also developed as a business center and is famed for its traditional handicrafts in bronze and brass. Kodai is located 2. the Meenakshi Temple attracts devotees from all over India and Tourist from all over the world. standing. Kodaikkanal or Kodai is a very beautiful place near Madurai. Today. The forest of this sanctuary slope into the man made lake at the bottom of the hill Megamalai: The tea estates on the slopes of the Western Ghats nestles Megamalai. the defensive wall all have gone and what remains are the main entrance gate.130 m above the sea level in the Western Ghats. Thirupparankundram: This is one of the abodes of Lord Sundareshwara. this place is appropriate to watch and observe the animals in their natural habitat. Thirumalai Nayak Mahal: This palace is an excellent example of Indo-Sarcenic architecture. just 70-km from Madurai. the dancing hall and the main hall. There are intricate woodcarvings in here. This museum also tells some little known facts about Gandhi but the real piece of Gandhi Memorabilia is the blood stained Dhoti. This lovely place is bound to capture your imagination. The local government museum is also situated over here. Vaigai Dam: Vaigai dam is surrounded by well-manicured gardens and has come up as a popular picnic spots. Tirumalai Nayak built it in 1646. Koodal Azhagar temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. the main attraction of the palace is light and sound show. Also called the Tekkadi wildlife sanctuary. Vandiyur Kanmoy Tourist Complex: This is an ideal picnic spot with TTDC providing boathouses restaurant services. PRIME ATTRCATIONS Meenakshi Amman Temple: An excellent example of Dravidian Architecture. It takes just 121-km of travel to reach Kodai. It is said that channels from the Vaigai River connect the tank. It was built in 1523 AD and originally was four times larger than what it is today. this tank remains empty for most of the year except during the Teppam Festival. Vanditur Mariamman Teppakulam: This huge tank is covers an area equal to the six of Meenakshi temple. Good place to stay and enjoy a 32 . The gold image of Azhagar travels for the Celestial marriage during the Chithirai festival. The Gandhi Museum: The museum was initially the palace of Rani Mangammal. hotels and restaurants. Today. The small bookshop offers plenty of reading material from Gandhi’s works. reclining one over the other. One can climb to the southern Gopuram of the temple to get a great view of the city. In this temple he is seen in various postures sitting. which is based on the life of "Tirumalai Nayak" and "Silapathikaram". including one of Lord Rama's coronations. just 8-km from the city. Periyar sanctuary attracts a large number of nature lovers every year. The gardens. Koodal Azhaar Temple: One of the most ancient temples in Madurai. Lord Napier renovated the palace in 1866-72 and later further restoration works were carried on. Pazhamudhirsolai: On the same hills of Azhagar Koilthis is again one of the six abodes of Lord Subramanya.choultries.
an old pillared hall along the entrance to Meenakshi temple is popular among the visitors and locals for the cotton fabric and the Batiks. Waterfall surrounded by forests combined with the pristine beauty of the hills creates a very soothing atmosphere. which offer a varied range of handicrafts from all over the India. SHOPPING: Madurai has been a textile center since ages. FAIRS & FESTIVALS: Most important festival of Madurai is the sacred wedding ceremony of Goddess Meenakshi and Lord Sundareshwar. The Puthu Mandapam. which connect the city with major cities of India such as. It is an ideal spot and an excellent picnic spot to spend one day. The annual float festival marks the images of Meenakshi and her consort floating on the Mariamman tank on an illuminated raft bedecked with flowers. Madurai has five bus stands. Though there are not many trains. As such there are festivals throughout the year in Madurai. The airline services have at least one flight daily from Madurai to Chennai. which attracts a large number of visitors. During this festival the city displays a colourful and joyous mood. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Madurai has its own airport and there are flights. which are close to Megamalai. All most 11 big annual festivals are celebrated in Madurai. Road: There are good motorable roads. Suruli Falls: 123-km from Madurai city is Suruli falls. It is connected with the all the major tourist as well as religious places in Tamil Nadu. This place is also known as the 'Spa of the South'. 33 . Tiruchirappalli. Avanimoola. The temple is located on top of a hill 180 meter high. which connect this. which are spread through the year with exception of the monsoon months. which cater to the needs of the people. One can also watch the animals roaming in the forest. The temple attracts many devotees and people coming to Madurai do not miss visiting Palani. Just 130-km from Madurai. TTDC offers here a boathouse accommodation apart from the restaurant. just like the flow of pilgrims and tourists is the same during the year. Kumbakkarai waterfalls: This place serves as the base camp for the trekkers who venture in the hills of Kodai. From the hilltop one gets an excellent view of the nearby area. The rainfall is very frequent and spread throughout the year. Madurai is easily accessible from any part of the nation. The notes of Nadaswaram and drums further aggravate the festive ambience. Premier shopping areas are Chithirai. This place has got nine splendid waterfalls. which connect the city with Chennai. amidst the presence of a huge gathering of devotees. Puthumandapam and Thevangu Chetty Choultry. Viraganur Dam: This ideal picnic spot is located just 8-km from Madurai. CLIMATE: The climate of Madurai is warm. The handicrafts Emporiums of the states are also here. The temperature seldom comes below 20° C even during the winters. Kumbakkarai Water Falls are 105-km from Madurai and form an excellent picnic spot. From there one can take flight to anywhere in India. The streets and lanes are lines with shops and tailors offering readymade as well as fabric material manufactured in Madurai. Courtallam: Courtallam is located about 167-km on the Western Ghats and is an excellent health resort in this part of the country. Rail: Madurai has one of the major railway junctions of South India. second largest city of Tamil Nadu with other parts of the state as well as other places in India. Collectors are delighted to have the Brass lamps from Madurai. Images of the divine couple are taken around the city in a tastefully decorated chariot. which are located in a picturesque area. The lovely Sungundi Sarees are in great demand among Indian women.lovely surrounding. Courtallam is located just 160-km from Madurai. Palani: 118-km from Madurai is the temple dedicated to Lord Subramanyam. This festival is held during March -April.
after Mamalla. about 400m from the sea. Tamil Nadu Also Called: Mamallapuram. This type is unique to Mahabalipuram. called the "Shore Temple". But it is popularly called "Mahabalipuram". western annals.227-km Kanyakumari . two "open air bas reliefs". whom Lord Vishnu chastised for his pride and of whom there is a relief in one of the excavated temples here. where there are magnificent excavated temples and. with the waves often flowing at its foot. there is a magnificent fane with three shrines in an axial line. it contains nearly forty monuments of different types including an "open air bas relief" which is the largest in the world. it has an atomic power plant for neighbour.173-km Tekkadi . near it. There are. Over its history and that of its monuments a number of scholarly controversies rage. migrated to Southeast Asia. The City Of Bali Famous: Center For Pallava Culture And Arts Important Festivals Celebrated: Dance Festival In The Month Of December Temple Town Of Tamil Nadu:” Located at a distance of 58-km from Chennai.POPULATION: Coimbatore . the "Mahavamsa" testifies to this fact.253-km Courtalam . Sri Lanka's national chronicle. one of which is unfinished. By the very margin of the sea. piety. On the top of the bigger hill there is a structural temple. and a little distance the magnificent beginnings of a Vijayanagar Gopura and also survivals of what is believed to be a palace. Out of a big rock standing free nearby there is a "cut out" temple. A small library has been written on it. called the "Tigers Cave". it figures in the early annals of the British search for the picturesque in India in the 18th century. Out of the other hill. history. and a third enclosed one. there are eleven excavated temples. Name Of The Site: The proper name of the site is "Mamallapuram".121-km Mahabalipuram Location: 58-Km From Chennai.160-km GENERAL INFORMATION About 1. is Saluvankuppam. along the coast. much smaller and standing about 200m to the south. Between Saluvankuppam and Mahabalipuram. on both sides. In the larger one. called a "Ratha". or rather were. It was through Mahabalipuram that many Indian colonists. who included sages and artists. or "The city of Bali". a rock Mandapa with tiger heads along its periphery. tradition. today it attracts shoals of foreigners in search of relaxation and sea bathing. the Mukunda Nayanar. an honorific of the Pallava king. in the 7th century Mamalla made it a seaport and began to make temples fashioned of rock. Narasimha Varman I (630-668). and current importance as a center of tourism. Temple Of Sthalasayana Perumal: Immediately to the north of the bigger hill there is the temple of Sthalasayana Perumal.23 Million NEARBY CITIES Rameshwara. and three big sculptures of a Nandi. two low hills in Mahabalipuram. two side by side. Temples In Mahabalipuram. Mahabalipuram has everything that makes a site memorable.137-km Kodaikkanal . much enlarged in Vijayanagar times. less than 200m from the sea. and most strange of all. About 600 m north of Mahabalipuram. 34 . a Loin and an Elephant. are fashioned five more rathas. who created the earliest of its monuments. for centuries it has been a center of pilgrimage. called Mandapas. stands another structural temple. To the west of the five Rathas there are three more rathas. About Mahabalipuram: The history of Mahabalipuram dates back to two thousand years. Mahabalipuram was already a center of pilgrimage when.
But the opinion that currently holds the field is that it depicts Arjuna's Penance. is important and interesting. it seems to have disappeared with time. by the very margin of the Bay of Bengal so that at high tide the waves sweep into it and the walls. In Mahabalipuram alone of all innumerable sites of monuments in India sculptor was impelled to choose a large cliff face on which to make his carvings. All the monuments are Pallava except that the original Sthalasayana Perumal temple was expanded in Vijayanagar times. There are Somaskanda reliefs on the walls of the Saiva shrine. A semi-circular groyne wall has been built to the east. is the "Seven Pagodas". is irrational and cannot be accounted for. There are not seven temples here. Some of the Nandis still stand on the survivals of the walls. at times. Arjuna's Penance . Till some decades ago parts of the temple were under sand. The Shrines In The Shore Temple: There are three shrines in the Shore Temple. There was a Prakara here. The Depictions of Arjuna's Penance: There have been strong differences of opinion among eminent scholars on what this scene depicts.Each and every one of these monuments of different types. there is no sunken city in the waves off Mahabalipuram. with their sculptures. which a great Sanskrit dramatist. which normally stand in front of the main shrine. Built by Narasimha Varman II Rajasimha. huge elephants and a few other animals. The number has been made up fancifully and even whimsically. are here located to the west of the shrine. The sea is an ever-present danger. In front of the eastern shrine there is a stone dhvajastambha. not to mention sculptures and Mandapas to be found here and there. he chose a scene from the "Mahabharatha" (also spelt as Mahabharata). this is one of the earliest structural temples in Tamil Nadu. This "Mahabharatha" incident. also represented in both mural and relief in Lepakshi and a number of other sites. the "open air bas relief" is even more so. but none over the third. in the sea is a tour de force. sages semi-divine beings. This surface. The Dhvajastambha and the Balipitha. The Shore temple. An old view was that it represents Bhagiratha's penance. with an image of Lord Anantasayi made of live rock. The European name for Mahabalipuram. That facing the sea and another facing west into the township is Saiva. "Seven Pagodas". consists of two large boulders with a fissure in between. The light that shone on it at night must have been the last sight of home for thousands of Pallava citizens immigrating to South East Asia. In the cleavage there are a serpent god and a serpent goddess in the act of worship. 29m by 13m. the Mahishamardhani and the Adivaraha "Cave" temples and the Five Rathas are the especial rewards of the visitor. structural temple. The Shore Temple: The Shore Temple occupies a most extraordinary site. had popularized. probably then living in Kanchipuram. 35 . There are Vimanas over the Saiva (also spelt as Shaiv or Shaiva) shrines.An Open Air bas-relief: If a temple by the sea and. have been eroded by the winds and waves of thirteen centuries. the celebrated "open air bas relief" called "Arjuna's Penance". "open air bas relief". with small Nandis on its walls. The one between is Vaishnava. excavated temple "cut out" temple. But. What is more. relates to Arjuna's obtaining a weapon to use in the impending war against the Kauravas. But what is notable is the fact that the temple has survived all these centuries. Some of the Europeans believed that the sea has overwhelmed a part of the town containing some temples. The European name. Covering the surface on the boulders on either side of them there are nearly one hundred figures of Gods. To the Chola days belongs a Mandapa at the entrance to the township. the maker of the Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram in the 8th century. since the first western visitor wrote of it in the 16th century. frequently under the waves.
actual water flowed down the cleavage from the hill behind. The suggestion is that. Strangely enough. A Mandapa was built in Vijayanagar times in front of what originally was an open-air bas-relief. In the one relief the energy with which the young Goddess goes forth to war with the buffalo headed demon is in magnificent contrast with the cosmic sleep of Lord Vishnu on His serpent couch. By its side are many seated sages in meditation. On the northern face are some huge elephants. was living in Kanchipuram in the seventh century. which visitors to Mahabalipuram in the early centuries would have readily understood. The Pallava court in that century was a nest of singing birds. it is believed. On the northern and southern walls of the Ardhamandapa there are the great sculptural reliefs of Goddess Durga fighting the demon and of Lord Vishnu in His cosmic sleep. besides. Close by is placed an engaging composition of a monkey picking out lice from the head of another. who. where there are survivals of what would be called a water tank. Immediately below them there is a small shrine with a relief of Lord Vishnu inside. has made it his theme in his "Kiratarjuniyam". both connected with each other in their common scriptural source. Besides. draws to it a number of unfortunate unsuspecting rats. This is clear from a fact and a suggestion. Near him is Lord Shiva. but fitfully. the Tiger. pretending to perform penance. The Mahishamardhini temple has been excavated in a rock on the eastern side of the top of the hill. Right above it there is a structural temple. and the Boar. the Sanskrit dramatist. besides. one of four of a lighthouse for decades until a new lighthouse was erected close by. with His attendants. this time depicting Sri Krishna protecting the good people of Brindavan from Indra's wrath by interposing a mountain. is the depiction at the edge of the southern surface of some persons performing the rite of "Sandhya vandhana" by the river. also strengthened by the presence of water serpents. there are a few small sphinxes and gryphons at the edges of the huge composition. In the upper part off the surface there are rows of semi-divine beings effortlessly flying. 36 . Near the Mahishamardhani temple there is a smaller rock where an unfinished attempt at excavating a fane has been made. The main scene of action is on the southern face. among the very best of their kind in the whole range of Indian sculptures. the Lion. There is a third bas-relief. the ancient capital of Sri Lanka. the hypocritical cat which. also facing each other. It was brought here from near the Mukunda Nayanar temple. which is depicted here. It is highly probable that it is this scene. Mahishamardhani and the Adivaraha Mandapas: Of the many excavated rock temples in Mahabalipuram anomalously called "Mandapas". all towards the fissure. two of the best are the Mahishamardhani and the Adivaraha. There are. standing on one leg. in Pallava days. A small Mandapa projects forward from the central shrine.Bharavi. The fact. The fissure indicates a river. where worship continues today. The latter Mandapa has two groups of royal sculptures. The former contains on walls facing each other two of the most superb sculptural reliefs known to Indian art. when this masterpiece was made. There are three shrines in the Mahishamardhani Mandapa. Probably the maker of the first bas-relief initially tried his hand here. This is a touch of humour not very common in Indian art. The notion is similar to what is found in the Isurumuniya in Anuradhapura. This is a fine pastoral scene. it is the only temple in Mahabalipuram apart from the Sthalasayana Perumal. The incidents are from two consecutive cantos of the "Devi Mahatmyam". A little distance to the south there is an unfinished attempt at the depiction of the very same scene on another boulder. There is. Here an ascetic is performing severe penance.
and the Draupadi is "hut shaped". Outside Mahabalipuram except in Kazhugumalai (in Tirunelveli district).The royal groups in the Adivaraha temple are. they found the monuments under sand. The Five Rathas . Mahendra I (600630). The first two are comparatively rare and the last very much so. it is impossible to say who they are. There are some superb sculptures on the Dharmaraja and the Arjuna. A little to the west of Draupadi there was a comparatively large rock and out of it the Sahadeva Ratha was made. The first European to mention it directly. a smaller version of the first. Just alongside the apsidal Sahadeva Ratha stands the elephant. the Pidari and the two Valayankuttai. for they are really Vimanas. besides. The former contains splendid divine and secular portraits. of a standing king with two consorts standing by him. which stand on a common base. There are many opinions but it is generally thought that the seated monarch is Simhavishnu (574-600) and the standing one his son and successor.A Classical Site Of Indian Historical Archaeology: When the first British visitors went to Mahabalipuram in the eighteenth century. The Arjuna. with labels beside some of them. The rathas with the domical sikhara are the Dharmaraja. Goddess Durga's mount. probationary and incomplete sculptural and architectural efforts are to be seen at every turn. stands right in front of Her shrine. in the descending order of height. There are some lovely royal couples on the Arjuna. also apsidal in shape. the Arjuna and the Draupadi. these three located elsewhere in Mahabalipuram. were fashioned out of a smaller hill sloping down from the south. the barrel vaulted. the Arjuna. Vijayanagar authority. Then followed onwards north. the domical and the so-called "hut". in one. reliefs of many divinities. Following this. making it one of the great schools of Indian art. Not Exactly Temple Chariots! These rathas (an irregular expression. the Dharmaraja. Europe knew of it as early as the 13th century when. there is a Nandi. here called the "Draupadi". The Bhima. these sculptures show how beautifully delicate and sensitive Pallava sculpture is. with some modifications. There are. which is near the larger hill. did so in 1582. The later are certainly kings. the Sahadeva is apsidal. the Bhima. a few completely so. following Marco Polo's visit.The Dharmaraja. earnest 37 . It must have fallen into neglect after the fall of the Vijayanagar Empire or. about 200-m south of the main hill. For. but it is difficult to identify them. there is nothing like these rathas anywhere in India. Nevertheless. of it. the largest of them all. Immediately in front of the Draupadi again two smaller rocks were sculptured into an elephant and a lion. Mahabalipuram. Again. A Pallava who must have been something of an art critic or art historian decided that these styles should be preserved in eternal rock. Among themselves they represent four main styles: the apsidal. From the largest part was made the biggest of the five rathas. and not temple chariots. of a seated king with two queens flanking him and. It had prospered under the Cholas and their successors until about the seventeenth century. but with no personal knowledge. Such touches are frequent in Mahabalipuram. The third was to dominate the future. It is very probable that there was a school of sculpture here in ancient days. The first English visitor was William Chambers in 1788. The lion. The Bhima Ratha and Ganesa Ratha. An important point is that not a single monument in Mahabalipuram is quite complete. it appears in the Catalan Map of 1275. The Draupadi and The Sahadeva The Five Rathas. There are four rathas elsewhere in Mahabalipuram so that there are nine in all. Behind the Draupadi and the Arjuna. as the word means) perpetuate the forms of the temple in use when they used to be made of perishable materials. is barrel vaulted. at least. in the other.
formerly known as "Negapattam". The Dance festival starts on the 25th of December every year and is conducted on all Saturdays and Government holidays. Folk dances of India are an added attraction. The road to Mahabalipuram is good.Hoisting Festival At Velankanni Nagappattinam. 38 . It was also known as 'Cholkula Vallippattinam' and is mentioned as 'Padarithitha' in ancient Buddhist literature. next to the sea in this ancient city of Mahabalipuram. One of them. Hence. presented by the very best exponents of the art besides folk dances. is the administrative headquarters of Nagappattinam district. and Nagappattinam. Lovers of dance will be treated to a very unique and unforgettably aesthet Pilgrimage In Tamil Nadu IC event: Bharathanatyam. upto February first week.the renowned and ancient 7th century center for Pallava culture and arts. It's Boundaries: The district of Nagappattinam is bounded in the east by the Bay of Bengal. It is a coastal region and the coastline has a number of harbours of which mention must be made of Nagore. The History Of Nagappattinam: Nagappattinam town was the headquarters of the region during Chola period. Rail: The nearest railway stations are Chengalpattu (29-km) and Chennai (58-km). Nagappattinam is an ancient port known to have traded with Europe in Greek and Roman times. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Chennai (58-km) is the nearest airport with both domestic and international terminus. Colin Mackenzie. very common in this region. Nagappattinam is a unique district with all its historical and cultural significance. Government of Tamil Nadu every year in Mahabalipuram . It one of the constituents of Cholamandalam. Point Calimere. Chennai is connected with all the major places in India through the numerous domestic flights. Kanchipuram. Padarithitha is the name of a fruit tree. Sit before an open-air 'stage' created 13 centuries ago. Chengalpattu and Chennai to Mahabalipuram daily. Road: Buses are available from Pondicherry. In this way Mahabalipuram became one of the classical sites of Indian historical archaeology. the incredible monolithic rock sculptures of the Pallavas. in the north by Cuddalore district. Dance Festival at Mahabalipuram: The internationally acclaimed and globally renowned "Mahabalipuram Dance Festival" is organized by the Department of Tourism.antiquarians from Madras puzzled over it.720 BC) permitted a Chinese king to build Buddha Vihar in Nagappattinam. it became a Portuguese and later a Dutch colony. dug out some of the monuments from sand and deputed assistants to collect its traditions and coins. acclaimed as the most prominent among the ancient Tamil Kingdom. in the west by Thanjavur and Tiruvarur districts. Kathakali and Odissi. NAGAPPATTINAM Location: Nagappattinam District. Tourists can also hire a taxi from Chennai. Pallava King Rajasimha (690 . Dancers and musicians of repute from India and abroad thrill the crowds every year. and in the south by Palk Strait. From these stations one has to take road to reach the Mahabalipuram. Kuchipudi. International flights operate from various parts of the world to Chennai. a Chinese built Buddha Vihar exists in Nagappattinam. Tamil Nadu Formerly Known As: Negapattam It Was: The Headquarters Of The Region During Chola Period Famous Festivals: The Festivals At Nagore And The Flag.
the temple is more widely known as one of the seats of Lord Subrahmanya who is known as "Singaravelavar". Velankanni: Velankanni (also spelt Velangani) also known as the "Mecca of South Asian Christianity" is located 12-km south of Nagapattinam. a railway station on the ThanjavurNagore line and on the bus route from Thiruvarur to Nagappattinam. There are eight stone inscriptions in the temple. The shrine is dedicated to Our Lady of Health. The temple was in a state of ruin towards the close of the last century and Sri Alagappa Chettiar of Thekkur of Ramnad district renovated it. Portuguese commercial center was established in 1554. They also released coins with the name 'Nagappattinam' engraved in Tamil letters. Point Calimere Sanctuary: Sprawling on 17. Later Nagappattinam fell into the hands of the British in 1781 after the prolonged struggles. Sri Gopralaya and Sri Lakshminarayana Perumal temple. The presiding deity is a Swayambu Lingam with consort known as "Abhayapradhambikai". As Sambandar has sung in praise of Sri Navaneetheswar. Velankanni Church came in to existence. With the advent of Portuguese. located near Nagappattinam. "Adhayambikai". is 68-km from Nagappattinam. There are numerous other deities including a Perumal who is installed in a separate sanctum. viz. which congregate here every winter. 39 . which juts out into the Palk Strait separating India and Sri Lanka. with busloads of tourists arriving from all over the state. Nagore makes for a busy pilgrimage. and the rest to other deities. dry evergreen forests of mangroves. Nagore: The Nagore Dargah of Meeran Sahib Abdul Qadir Shahul Hamid Badshah is a spiritual shrine in South India. In 1658 the Dutch tried to evict the Portuguese from Nagappttinam to establish their commercial center under the agreement reached between King Vijaya Nayakkar of Thanjavur and the Dutch on 5. adopting Pancharatragama. on the Coromandel Coast. It is noted for the vast flocks of migratory waterfowl. especially flamingos. Gopralayar and Gopilar.Portuguese had a commercial contact with Nagappattinam during the Tanjore Nayak rule (Sevvappa Nayakkar and Acchuthappa Nayakkar). Though.000 years for its credit. Nagappattinam has the history of over 2. meaning one who gave refuge to the peahen. It is one of the popular pilgrimage centers for Muslims in Tamil Nadu. There are two sub-temples attached to the main temple. The Dargah features beautiful domed arches and lovely minarets. Thus. The ancient temple was built during the period of the famous Chola kings. this coastal sanctuary also known as "Kodikkarai". The place is known as "South Dwaraka" and it was here that Lord Krishna gave Darshan to two devotees. the Madonna of Velankanni and is popularly called as 'Sacred Arockia Madha Church' and people of all faiths and religions visit it. About 5km from Nagapattinam. It is one of the important Thengalai Vaishnavite shrines in South India. There are many small shrines here of which three are dedicated to Sri Vinayagar (also called as Ganesha or Vinayaka). "Anjalai" etc.1662. Sikkal: Sri Navaneetheswar temple is in Sikkal. in Tamil Nadu. the presiding deity is Navaneetheswarar. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Sri Mayuranathaswami Temple: Sri Mayuranathaswami Temple is situated at Mayuram (also called as Mayiladuthurai). comprising forests of tidal swamps. "Anjalanayaki". was constructed in the 12th century but the sanctum is believed to have been in existence earlier. in Nagappattinam district. the temple can be presumed to be in existence since the 7th century AD. The inspiring temple has a nine storeyed imposing Gopuram.26-sq-km surrounded by sea and shore. The Dutch built Christian Churches and a Hospital. 164 ft high on the eastern entrance. one for Lord Nataraja. He is the processional deity. Sri Rajagopalaswami Temple: Sri Rajagopalaswami temple.1. in a wetland.
every day. proclaiming Her praises.2ºC.489 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 10o 35' to 11° 25' Longitude: E 79o 35' to 79o 50' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and English Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 36. Sri Subramanyaswami Temple in Swamimalai: Tiruverakam. from far and wide come for 'ziyarat'. The village is 45-km from Nagappattinam and is especially famous for the Saraswathi (also spelt as Saraswati) temple and its association with Ottakoothar.Hoisting Festival At Velankanni: Large concourses of devotees witness the flag hoisting on the 29th of August every year. Nagore and other places of the state. Swamimalai is one of the six famous abodes (Arupadaiveedu) dedicated to Lord Muruga (also spelt Murugan). instead of respecting and revering Him. Murugan temple at Ettukkudi is very famous and finds a place in hymns of saint Arunagirinathar. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Tiruchirappalli (Trichy). Rail: Nagappattinam has a railway station and trains are available to Thanjavur.m. The famous Vishnu temple at Mannargudi is dedicated to Sri Rajagopalaswami and was built by the Chola King Kulottunga I (1070-1120 AD). including non-Muslims. auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available. popularly known as "Swamimalai" is located at a distance eight kilometers from Kumbakonam in Thanjavur district on the northern banks of the river Cauvery. Tiruchi. at a distance of about 141-km. Ettukkudi: The distance between Nagappattinam and Ettukkudi is 28-km.00 p. It is one of the 64 Sakthi Peethams (Sundara Peetham) of India and it is also one of the 7 Saptavitanka Shrines special to Tyagaraja . Population: 86. Kandhuri Urs marks the death anniversary of Meeran Sahib.8-sq-km. the Nagore Dargah Shrines celebrate a festive season known as 'Kandhuri Urs'. during the lunar month of Jumada al-Thani. During this ceremony an intense feeling is aroused leaving behind rapturous eyes and murming lips.Vedaranyam (Thirumaraikkadu): Vedaranyam is situated about 58-km from Nagappattinam near Tiruvarur. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 14. Nagore and Chennai. The Festivals At Nagore: Every year.associated with the Mucukunda Chola legend.0ºC Rainfall: 1. For local transportation. Saraswati Ambal Temple At Koothanur: Koothanur is a small village located near Poonthottam in the heart of the temple belt of Tamil Nadu. Tiruchi. It is obnoxiously painful to note that the votaries worship Him. Mannarkudi: Mannargudi is a place of religious antiquity and legendary importance. Min 22. the Tamil poet. The flag of our lady is hoisted every day for nine days. The Flag. Another important and crowd pulling event of the festive days is the car procession that takes place at 8.1ºC. Chennai. Min 30. Road: Regular bus services are available from Thanjavur. It is about 60-km from Nagappattinam. Pilgrims.4ºC WinterMax 23. Lord Muruga preached Pranava mantra "OM" to Lord Shiva and that why he is called "Swaminathan". It is located at a distance of 56-km from Nagappattinam. taxis.288 mm 40 .
PRIME ATTRACTIONS The Nagaraja Temple: The Nagaraja temple situated here is unique in many respects. The headquarters of the district is Tirunelveli.108-km Thanjavur. a district with many famous temples. The sanctum is a simple thatched shed. Among the city's expanding industries are cotton and rice milling. Though now officially in Tamil Nadu. an epitome of Kerala architecture. He then rebuilt it in the Kerala style. It is situated at the southern part of Tamil Nadu. The famous Kanthimathi . The entrance to the temple is reminiscent of the Chinese architecture of Buddha Vihara. By virtue of this it has a far more intimate connection with the history of Kerala than with the state of Tamil Nadu. and the manufacture of rubber goods. It is one of the most beautiful temples in India and is hailed as one of the 5 Pancha Sabhas of Nataraja housing Tamra Sabha (the copper hall). motor repairing. The images of the Jain Theerthakaras. who ruled Venad.Nellaiyapper Temple. Though Nagaraja (Serpent God) is the presiding deity. The Archaeological Survey Of India now maintains the palace.Aduturai . Tirunelveli: Located 6-km from Nagercoil is Tirunelveli. Its name. situated in the city of Tirunelveli. Tamil Nadu Was A Part Of: Kerala State Until 1956 The Meaning Of Its Name: Snake Temple Main Attraction: Nagaraja Temple Nagercoil is an important town located in the district of Kanyakumari (also spelt as Kanniyakumari). It is believed that snakebite is not fatal within a kilometre of the temple. it was the capital of erstwhile Travancore between 1550 and 1750. indicates the early significance of the town's Shiva temple. Although. the images of Lord Shiva and Anathakrishna (Lord Vishnu) are also enshrined. a princely state for over 400 years. it was a part of Kerala state. historically Nagercoil was a part of the Hindu kingdom of Travancore. Mahavira and Parswanathar are found in the pillars of the temple.119-km NEARBY CITIES Ariyalur .89-km NAGERCOIL Location: Kanyakumari District. Until 1956. It enshrines the King of Serpents. Nagercoil is famous for the Nagaraja Temple and the town derived its name from this temple. which dates back to the 17th century is located in the town of Padmanabhampuram and is its main claim to fame. with mud walls. The rulers of Travancore. ruled 41 . Tradition states that a King of Kalakkad was cured of leprosy when he performed penance in the temple. Padmanabhampuram Palace: About 14-km west Nagercoil is the tourist center of Padmanabhapuram. is a Shivastalam with sprawling Mandapams decked with life-sized images. with Kalakkad as his capital. from 1516 to 1535.69-km Pudukottai . The Prasadam (also spelt as Prasada) distributed to the devotees is wet sand scooped out from the ground where the image of the Nagaraja deity is enshrined.93-km Cuddalore . over the years it has developed as an important Christian center. The Nagalinga flower found here is also symbolic of Nagaraja. a city surrounded on all sides by paddy fields. The City Of Nagercoil: Nagercoil controls the major routes between Chennai (formerly Madras) and Thiruvananthapuram (formerly Trivandrum) and is a commercial center with a rich agricultural area. meaning "Snake Temple". which included a good part of present-day Kerala and part of western Tamil Nadu.47-km Chidambaram . The ancient and majestic Padmanabhampuram Palace. but now it is in Tamil Nadu. He might have been Bhuthalavira Sri Vira Udaya Marthandavarma. The Nagaraja is installed on the ground where it was originally found.
121-km Tirumangalam .0084 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 8° 03' and 8°35' Longitude: E 77° 05' and 77° 36' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and English Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 33. Nagapattinam District. an important pilgrim center.6-km Tuticorin . stone sculptures and fantastic murals. called 'Periya Minara'. south. At the southern most land tip of India. replete with outstanding wood carvings. Gandhi Mandapam and the temples of Goddess Bhagavathi and Kumari Amman are the main tourist attractions of Kanyakumari. Nagore Dargah literature discloses that Tanjore King Pratap Singh built 'Periya Minara' around 1760 AD. The Dargah is visited by Hindus also and is a fine example of the harmonious co-existence of Hindu . Mumbai. Goa. Min 20. Nagore. A short drive from Nagapattinam. just outside the compound. Road: Nagercoil is well connected by road with the neighbouring towns and cities. In front of the western gate. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Trivandrum located at a distance of about 100-km from Nagercoil. and Chennai by regular flights. with four impressive entrances.19-km Nagore Location: Nagore.60ºC. Nagore makes for a busy pilgrimage. east and west. About The Dargah: The Nagore Dargah shrines are situated at three locations. taxis and auto rickshaws are available.Muslim Communities Spiritual Shrine Of: Meeran Sahib Abdul Qadir Shahul Hamid Badshah Important Festivals Celebrated: Kandhuri Urs The Nagore Dargah of Meeran Sahib Abdul Qadir Shahul Hamid Badshah is a spiritual shrine in South India. Vivekananda Rock Memorial. is a large tower. the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal meet. 131 feet tall.4ºC Rainfall: 1. which is enclosed by a compound wall. which is well connected by train services with all the places in India. Cochin. It is one of the popular pilgrimage centers for Muslims in Tamil Nadu. and Tamil Nadu Fine Example Have: Harmonious Co-Existence Of Hindu .400 mm NEARBY CITIES Tenkasi . Superfast trains connect the southern most railhead of India with northern cities like Jammu and Delhi. where the Arabian Sea.9ºC. Kanniyakumari is famous for its beach and the spectacular sunrises and sunsets. Intercity trains are running from almost all the southern cities. For local transportation.122-km Kanyakumari .60ºC WinterMax 32. Kanyakumari: Nagercoil is situated at a distance of 19-km from Kanyakumari. Rail: Kanyakumari is the nearest railway station. The Dargah features beautiful domed arches and lovely minarets. lays Kanniyakumari.34-km Tiruchchendur .164-km Tirunelveli . one each on the north. Vanjur and Silladi. about 42 .from this palace. It is directly connected with Bangalore. with busloads of tourists arriving from all over the state.Muslim communities. The main campus is at Nagore. especially on full moon days. spread over an area of about five acres. Delhi. Min 21. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 24-sq-kms Population: 19.
Thanjavur (78-km). Chennai (90-km) and other neighbouring cities and towns. About a kilometre east of the main campus is located the Silladi Shrine. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Trichy. the Nagore Dargah Shrines celebrate a festive season known as 'Kandhuri Urs'. this time from 'Koottadi'. On the fourteenth day the flags are quietly pulled down marking the end of the festive season. Road: There are regular buses to Nagore from Nagapattinam (4-km). Karaikal (12-km). This is also apparent in the playing of 'Nadashwaram' and 'Shehnai' (Indian wind instruments) music. The Main Compound: Inside the compound of the main campus. The legend says that. an open ground solely retained for this festivity. at a distance of 150-km. instead of respecting and revering him. The doors of these chambers are made of silver. once a carpenter suffering from disease approached Meeran Sahib requesting him to cure him. his son Syed Mohammed Yusuf and his daughter-in-law Saeeda Sultana Biwi. The procession carries Koodu. at a distance of 4-km from the Dargah. from far and wide come for 'Ziyarat'. Friday congregations in this Mosque are massive. The administrative 43 . NAMAKKAL Location: In Namakkal District. Votaries of Meeran Sahib start performing their troth (pledged word). the golden dome building houses three tombs in three separate chambers. like applying sandal wood paste. They proceed towards Nagore in procession with a Rath that carries flags of the Dargah. Hindu Rituals Followed At The Dargah: The Nagore shrine is interesting. holy water. the flags are hoisted marking the inauguration of Kandhuri Urs. In the tombs lay buried the mortal remains of Meeran Sahib. The Urs commences on the first of Jumada-al-Akhira' when pilgrims assemble at Meera Pally (17th century mosque) in Nagapattinam. which Meeran Sahib reportedly did by the grace of Allah. Sri Narasimhamurti Temple. Kandhuri Urs marks the death anniversary of Meeran Sahib. on the east by Attur Taluk (also spelt as Taluka) of Salem district. The gratified carpenter made from the finest wood a pair of slippers. It is obnoxiously painful to note that the votaries worship him. He is said to have built it in appreciation of having received the grace of Meeran Sahib. The contents of the golden box unexpectedly are a pair of wooden slippers. Further away is a mosque where prayers are held regularly. Aside the tomb of Meeran Sahib is placed a golden box. The procession ends at the tomb of Meeran Sahib and the sandal paste is spread over his tomb. Perambalur and Tiruchirappalli districts. Many rituals. Tamil Nadu Was Part Have: Salem District Main Attraction: Namakkal Fort. Rail: The nearest railway station is at Nagapattinam. On the tenth day a grand procession again starts at Nagapattinam. prasadam (blessed items collected after worship) and tonsuring the head are borrowed from the Hindu tradition. On reaching Nagore Dargah Complex. with strong Hindu influences in both architecture and rituals. Pilgrims. About 2-km away due north from the main campus is the Vanjur Shrine where Meeran Sahib reportedly stayed in meditation for 40 days inside an underground cave. Adjacent to the golden dome building is the 'Peer Mandap' where the 'Peer of the Dargah' stays fasting for three days during festive season of the Dargah. on the south by Karur district and on the west by Erode district.200 years after the death of Meeran Sahib. overlooking the Bay of Bengal. believed to have been used by Meeran Sahib. during the lunar month of Jumada al-Thani. and Sri Anjaneya Temple Namakkal district is bounded on the north by Salem district. The Festival: Every year. a pot containing Sandalwood paste. including non-Muslims.
during the Madurai Nayak regime and is famous for the Sri Narasimhamurti temple. The mythology of this temple is that after destroying Hiranya Kasipu (the demon ruler). to stay with his consort Mahalakshmi who was doing penance. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Trichy.038 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 11° 03' to 11° 25' Longitude: E 77° 40' to 78° 29' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 38.27-km Salem . PRIME ATTRACTIONS The Namakkal Fort is said to have been built by Ramchandra Nayaka.6ºC. Later the British took control over the area and ruled it till India attained independence.31-km Perambulur . 18 feet in height has been installed here facing east with folded hands worshipping Sri Lakshmi Narasimha. Then the Madurai Nayakas came to power in 1623 AD Two of the Poligans of Tirumalai Nayak namely.34-km Nanguneri Location: In Tirunelveli District. The temple is at the top of a hillock at a height of 900' above MSL and can be reached by a flight of steps. Namakkal district was a part of the Salem district.48-km Karur . the area came successively under the rule of Muslim Sultans of Bijapur and Golconda. Sri Anjaneya brought Him to this place. Ardhanareeswara Temple Of Tiruchengodu: Another place that attracts tourists is the Ardhanareeswara temple of Tiruchengodu. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 10-sq-kms Population: 45. After about 1635 AD. The Namakkal Fort is the main attraction of the town. The deity is known by the name "Ardhanari" (half female). the Hoysalas rose to power and had control till the 14th century followed by Vijayanagar kings till 1565 AD.headquarters of this district is located at Namakkal town.6ºC. Rail: Namakkal is on the broad gauge line and is well connected by rail with the important towns and cities within and beyond the state. Ramachandra Nayaka and Gatti Mudaliars ruled the Salem area. For local transportation taxis. It is located at a distance of 34km from Namakkal. The Namakkal Fort is reported to have been built by Ramchandra Nayaka. After the struggle between the Cheras. Cholas and Pandyan rulers. Mysore kings and then the Marathas. Min 22.76-km Rasipuram .2ºC WinterMax 29. Road: There are regular buses connecting Namakkal with Salem. the historical background of Salem and Namakkal remains the same. After He cooled down. Sri Narasimhaswami (in the form of man and lion) was in a ferocious mood. History: Since. Min 28.5ºC Rainfall: 785 mm NEARBY CITIES Erode . and auto rickshaws are available. Cuddalore and other important places within and beyond the state. Trichy. A colossal idol of Sri Anjaneya. The mythological history behind the temple is the Lord Shiva gave His consort Uma His left half so as to be inseparable.48-km Tiruchengodu . Tamil Nadu 44 .
evidently to make sure if all is correct for the procession. He was not able to look down. was born. Lord Vishnu was having a peaceful slumber in the Milky Ocean for years untold. Legend Connected With Nanguneri: The legend connected with the place is that when. The rows of Yalis produce a fine effect of symmetry and grandeur. as if the sculptor in his great religious devotion has poured in his life's blood in each stroke of his chisel. Thus the vanity of self.htmlm are also called Swayamvyakta Kshetras. when Brahma who has to create the world appeared on the lotus with his Books. Trivandrum. 'Madhu' and 'Kaitabha'. Successive jeers went on adding to the edifice of the temple zealously and its present stature is gigantic. Sri Nivasam. and Medini A Vaishnav Abode: Nanguneri is the Taluka headquarters in the district of Tirunelveli. Azhagarkoil.Presiding Deity: Lord Vishnu With His Two Consorts Sri Devi And Bhoo Devi Commonly Called: Totadri Mutt. Kanchipuram. History Of The Temple: Originally Namboodiri Brahmins were controlling the temple. So he created an opposition in the form of demons. Finding himself alone on the lotus petals he went on thinking too high of himself. Saligramam. Tirupati. Haranarayaneshwaram and Srimushnam. Sri Devi. This place is called a "Swayamvyakta Kshetram" where God appeared of his own accord. Dwaraka. situated at a distance of 18 miles from the headquarters of the district. Totadri. In 1447 AD a Vaishnavite ascetic came to Nanguneri and at the request of the Namboodiri Brahmins took over the management of the temple and became the first Jeer. which forms a circuit rounds the inner temple. Madhu and Kaitabha found an intruder in Brahma and wanted to finish him off. "Yajnopavita" and "Dandam". Even now this is a daily sight in each temple. and is always staying with her consort. Tirupullani. The stone pillars supporting the roof depict the Dravidian style of excellence. married. and wanted to curb the feeling by nipping it in the bud. The presiding deity in the temple at Nanguneri is the sitting posture of Lord Vishnu on the couch and canopy of Adi Shesha. during the period of the great deluge. Naimisaranyam. these events vouchsafe the dedication to God of all the accumulated wealth by different jeers at different times. The fourth Jeer built the Gopuram which is visible from a distance of about 6 miles. About Nanguneri: Nanguneri is known by different names such as "Medini" and "Sri Nivasam". His idol is taken round the temple in a palanquin before the actual procession of the main deity starts. Sivili Mandapam is a long corridor. It is considered by Vaishnavites to be the place where the consort of Vishnu. Vishnu immediately realised the appearance of vanity in the mind of Brahma to be a very unhealthy sign for a person who would be in charge of creation. the 21st secured the landed coffee estates. Sivili Mandapam: Sivili is a subordinate deity in each temple akin to a caretaker. According to the Vaishnavites there are 8 such Swayamvyakta places: Srirangam. gradually a lotus appeared from his navel with the inkling of desire for creation in His mind. The place gained importance for the location of a famous Vaishnavite temple commonly known as "Totadri Mutt". He glanced at the lotus. the ego appeared in his mind. "Kamandalu". Srinivasa Pushkaram. consequently he thought himself to be the only monarch of all he surveyed. brought up. Narayanapuri and Kumbakonakumbakonam. Brahma was placed in a dilemma and thought it would better to hide himself by going down into 45 . the 24th built the Golden Car. the 9th built the Sivili Mandapam. Pushkaram. flanked on either side by the familiar row of Yalis supporting the roof. with his two consorts Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi on the two sides besides the celestial dancers Tilottama and Urvashi in attendance with fans in hand. The result is the life-like pictures carved on mere stone.
the stem of the lotus. But unfortunately, providence had decreed, down the stem was the eternal deluge. Vishnu came to his rescue in the form of a fish and gave him courage to go up the stem and sit on the lotus. At this Brahma returned to the lotus and remained seated. Vishnu took the form of a swan floating over the eternal deluge and appeared before him and told him: "You are the son of Hari the Lord the Creator." Thereafter Brahma started reciting the name of Hari and started meditation. In a previous age, Vishnu had appeared in the Win of Hayagriva and taught Brahma the Pranava Mantra, Om, the very origin of sound. Brahma combined the Pranava Mantra with Hari and went on reciting "Hari Om". Years passed and Mantra Siddhi (Mastery over the mantra) was attained when the desire to know the subtle meaning of "Hari Om" and "Bhoorbhuvahuvah Om" arose in his mind. Knowing the agitation in the mind of Brahma, Vishnu appeared again in his eternal form with his symbols of 'Sankha', 'Chakra', 'Gada', and ‘Padma’, as an answer to Brahma's desires. The appearance of Vishnu explained the real meaning of the two Mantras. Simultaneously, the other two creations of God, Madhu and Kaitabha got the opportunity to have a vision of Vishnu in his physical form. Brahma took him to be the answer for his prayer and penance but demons took him to be another intruder into the world scene existing at the time of the beginning of creation. They started accosting the new person and asked about his parentage, where from he hailed the reason of his sudden appearance, etc. Vishnu said in reply that He was the creator of the Universe. The reply was not convincing to the devilish mind of the demons. In their demoniac spirit they invited Him for a combat to settle the issue. Vishnu took up the challenge and the fight started. Nobody could gay how long it continued. The Puranas put it as 5000 years. Vishnu wanted to slay the demons by some stratagem. He planned to give a chance to the demons to accept an offer of boons to them. Their devilish mind would not accept it, as they had not been defeated in the war. As Madhu and Kaitabha took Vishnu to be their equal, who could not vanquish them in the war, Vishnu offered to accept boons from them in return. They agreed and Vishnu made a very curious request for a boon, stating that he wanted to be known as the "Vanquisher of Madhu and Kaitabha". The demons were bewildered by the nature of the request. As the promise of giving a boon was to be fulfilled, Madhu and Kaitabha requested Vishnu to annihilate them by placing them at a place where there was no water. Apparently the demons thought that in the condition of the deluge it would be impossible to find a place without water. They forgot that they were dealing with Vishnu, their creator, and wanted to play a clever trick. Vishnu was too shrewd for the ingenuity showed by the demons, immediately clasped them to his wide chest, squeezed out their blood, and choked them to death. Thus he got the name as the "Annihilator of Madhu and Kaitabha". The squeezed blood had to be thrown somewhere and it fell on the newly formed earth. The death of his enemies made Brahma happy and he started his work of creation unopposed. But the unholy blood of the demons desecrated the sanctity of the earth and the putrefied smell contaminated the country with bad odour, which became a great hindrance to the austere penance of Bhoo Devi then on earth near Totadri. In response to Bhoo Devi's penance to get rid of this contamination of the earth that she personified, Vishnu appeared before her at this spot. The Peculiar Significance Of This Place Is Indicated By The Particular Incident Stated Below: Once Sage Bhrigu started austere penance invoking Sri Devi at Nanguneri. When Sri Devi was pleased to appear before Sage Bhrigu, Her consort Vishnu also accompanied her. They came to the hermitage of Sage Bhrigu and wanted to bestow some boons.
The Sage made a peculiar request to have Sri Devi herself as his daughter and Lord Vishnu as his son-in-law so that he could serve them always at Totadri. As Sri Devi was inclined to grant the boon, Lord Vishnu too granted it. Consequently Sri Devi had to take birth through Sage Bhrigu's wife Kyati as their daughter and, in course of time Vishnu married Her, and remained in blissful abode. This is why Totadri has got the special significance of being known as "Sri Nivasam" where prayer becomes immediately fruitful. Legends Relating The Significance Of The Place: The legend goes that once upon a time there was a righteous king in the kingdom of Sind named, "Gunaseelan", son of Nala. In his usual pastime he went out on hunting, followed by his attendants on horseback. The King missed his companions in the trackless forest and, when he was feeling the pinch of thirst and hunger, he could locate a mysterious animal in the form of a deer having eight legs. This phenomenon diverted the mind of the King and he ran after it. But alas! The deer with its swift legs quickly disappeared, drawing the King deep into the forest. At its disappearance, the King felt dejected and retraced his steps to find out his companions. By then he felt acutely thirsty and hungry. He noticed at a distance a small hermitage made of mild leaves. He halted in front of it and, finding the door wide open alighted from his horse and entered it. He could not find the owner of the hermitage. There was no temple their till then. But the sanctity of the place gained great prominence. It was a dense mango forest where many sages like Roma, Narada, Vaikhanasa, Dadhichi, Angeerasa, Jabali, Kalavar, Kanva and others were engaged in deep meditation and penance. Lord Vishnu, seeing this holy assemblage, was pleased to direct Vishwakarma, the celestial architect, to construct a beautiful city, comparable to Amaravati; the heavenly abode of Lord Vishnu, where He stays in His physical form, so that the sages and others might get the benefit of His Darshan daily. Vishwakarma transformed the forest into a holy city with a temple, where people from all parts of the country came and settled down. One Dharmavatsalan, a very rich Vaisya of Tirumulam near River Kaveri, having squandered all his ancestral wealth in sensual pleasures, became a pauper at last. He played a hoax against his villagers and relatives, and was driven away to a forest. A Lion killed him. Hindu Beliefs And Rituals: Unnatural death by suicide, accident, or by wild animals, according to Hindu belief, makes the soul a ghost under torture, moving in the ether from place to place till the time comes for his birth. Dharmavatsalan took many births in various species. In his birth as a man, according to his past Karma, he suffered from leprosy. He took advice from his spiritual preceptor Bhargava who directed him to worship the deity at Totadri for three years using Gingelly oil for ablution every day, and distribute ample alms among the needy and feed the poor. Every day, after the ablution of the deity, the oil drained off was collected by him and besmeared over his body. Lord Vishnu was very pleased with this pious act of Dharmavatsalan arid healed his disease and relieved him of sins. The poor man gradually regained his original form and dedicated his life for the improvement of the temple till his last days. But to his utter surprise he found in a corner food and drink spread over a leaf as if offered to somebody. His acute thirst and hunger did not allow him to wait long. He unceremoniously helped himself to the food and drink. When he had finished the meal, he realized he was an intruder in the hermitage. Sage Kusasanan, who had been to the river for his daily ablution, was entering the hermitage.
The Rishi got angry and immediately cursed the intruder to turn into a dog for his canine action, as only dogs sneakingly creep into the households and desecrate food. The intruder had not only desecrated the hermitage by his action but had also violated the moral code of the country. The curse became immediately effective and the King turned into a roaming mongrel. Gunaseelan besought the Sage to take back his curse in lieu of his entire domain and wealth, but the words of the Sage who had already attained Vak Siddhi were irrevocable. But seeing the humility, distress and penitence of the King, Sage Kusasanan condescended to lighten the kill rigour of the curse by saying that in due course of time, he would come across a holy place where he would regain his original form after a bath. In the form of a mongrel the King had to roam round the earth, how long none could say. Once, during his wanderings, a juggler came before him and finding him quite healthy and plump, utilized his services for showing sleight-of-hand in teats of jugglery. Time passed, the mongrel in the company of the juggler roamed round the earth and at last reached Nanguneri. Before starting his show the juggler took his bath in the temple tank and bathed the mongrel too. But to his surprise the mongrel stood transformed as a king after the holy dip. People thronged round the juggler to see the wonderful jugglery of God. Such is the power of the holy waters of the sacred tank at Nanguneri. Services to the Deity: The holy ablution to the deity at Totadri is done with pure Gingelly oil. By contact with the holy idol the oil is impregnated with miraculous curative powers. The oil is collected in a pool 20 feet by 10 feet near the temple enclosures. It is said that the healing power of the oil is so great and so mysterious as to cure even the deadliest disease like leprosy. Legend Connected With Nanguneri: Once upon a time, in days of yore, a devout Saivite sage who was a great fanatic used to hang two bells in his two ears so that by nodding his head he could ring the bells to drown the name of gods other than Shiva. For this idiosyncrasy, the sage was named "Ghanta Karnan". Lord Vishnu in his incarnation as Krishna, while still a boy, came to the spot, with his playmates and took a fancy to ask this peculiar sage the reason for the hanging bells. Ghantakarnan replied that it was to avoid the sound of the names of Vishnu. The boy Krishna told Ghantakarnan that whoever talked blasphemy against Lord Vishnu and his devotees would go to hell. This did not satisfy Ghantakarnan. However he said: "I am somehow attracted by your magnetic personality though you are a boy. Even Indra would not have the courage to fight with me; I am tolerating your bitter words, as you are God Himself and so I beseech you for salvation." Krishna told him to pray to Lord Shiva. The sage did so, still keeping his hands on the boy. To his surprise he found himself in the Milky Ocean, on Sweta Dweepa, with beautiful groves of Kalpaka trees. In this beautiful groove of Kalpaka trees he found Lord Vishnu on the couch and canopy of Adi Sesha. Wondering what it was, he began chanting again the sacred names of Lord Shiva. Not being able to understand the mystery, he told the boy: "Till today I could not bear to hear the name of Vishnu. I wanted to follow your advice and I did so. Meditating on Shiva, I saw the Milky Ocean, Vishnu with keyuras and kundalas and garland and other beautiful decorations. What does all this mean? Accept me as your disciple and grant me salvation.” Immediately he threw away the two bells hanging from his ears and prostrated before the boy. God was pleased and Vishnu in his incarnation as Krishna gave him salvation instantaneously Legend Connected With Totadri Runs: At one time Mahishmati, mother of the Asuras, was very much grieved at the annihilation of the race of the demons. To regenerate the race she started austere penance invoking Brahma the Creator. Brahma was pleased
Nilgiri district provides a fascinating view. Headquarters of Nilgiris district is Udhagamandalam (also called as Ooty). 49 . As this was beyond his powers he directed her to invoke Lord Vishnu by penance at Totadri so that her desire would be fulfilled.The Blue Mountains: Nilgiri means "Blue Mountains". and Coimbatore district on the east and south bound it. were born to her. Rail: The nearest convenient railway station is Tirunelveli. In course of time when they grew up. Coonoor. Each one wanted to have the dancer as his own life partner. To cry halt to their ever-expanding conquest. Radhapuram and the other neighbouring towns. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Madurai. NILGIRIS Location: Nilgiri District. the Mysore State on the north. Road: There are regular buses to Nanguneri from Tirunelveli. she also joined her and they both came to Nanguneri. which is an important railway junction on the Southern Railway and is connected to all the major cities within and beyond the state.623 meters. which ended in mutual killing. Urvasi. in due course. Her only request was to be in constant service to Lord Vishnu. she began to realize the folly of her pride and was only too glad to join Tilottama in her penance to attain the merit of being in constant service to Lord Vishnu. The two sons became very powerful and conquered all the worlds as a result of the boons obtained by their mother. and granted her boon that she would have two sons who would be unconquerable. Ambasamudram. It's Location And Boundaries: High above the sea level. two sons. And the Fruit and Flower Show Nilgiris. When Tilottama narrated the events to her compeer in the other world. 151-km away. their thread ceremony was performed and among the others. was also present. As Tilottama's penance was to start shortly. The entire area of the Blue Mountains constitutes the present district of Nilgiri. Tamil Nadu Famous Hill Stations: Ooty. The height of the hills in the Blue Mountain range varies between 2. met all the sages who were doing penance at Totadri.280 and 2.with her penance. the spiritual preceptor of the race of demons. Brahma deputed the celestial dancer Tilottama to divert the mind of the two demons so that their future conquests might be stopped. Sukracharya. The brothers started quarrelling with each other. seductive looks and graceful dancing with music captured the heart and mind of the two brothers. Brahma was pleased with the performance of Tilottama and offered her a boon. and Kotagiri The Highest Peak: Doddabetta Famous Festivals: Tea and Tourism Festival. Kerala on the west. including Sage Vaikhanasa who advised them to bathe daily in the temple tank and to recite the eightlettered hymn to Vishnu to achieve their desire Pilgrimage In Tamil Nadu Char Dham Yatra: They were lost in deep penance till at last Lord Vishnu appeared before them with his two consorts Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi. Sunda and Upasunda by name. Palayamkottai. In the course of conquest they also conquered “Swarga Lok” (heaven).290 meters. which at last developed into a big fight. the highest peak being Doddabetta at a height of 2. Her enchanting beauty. situated at the junction of the two Ghat ranges of the Sahayadri Hills. The heavenly dancer took up the task and performed it skillfully. He said that thenceforth they would be his permanent attendants. Accordingly. Summer Festival. waiting on him and doing service to him.
If necessary. The lake garden is an added attraction.623 Mts. Marquis of Tweeddale established these gardens in the year 1848.) in the Nilgiris and offers beautiful vistas of the hill ranges. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary: The Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary is located where the Nilgiri Hills. The Hill Stations in the Nilgiris Udhagamandalam (Ooty): Udhagamandalam (Ooty). Kotagiri: Kotagiri is located 16-km away from Ooty and it is the oldest hill station of the Nilgiris. The Nilgiris are a trekker's paradise. which separates Mudumalai from Bandipur. named after Lt. They sprawl over 50-acres and lie on the lower slopes of Dodabetta peak.858 meters above the sea level.The Beauty Of Nilgiris: Nilgiris derives its charm from its natural setting. The major tea growing areas in the South are the Nilgiris and these tea gardens are beautiful to watch. And for further details contact the Tourist Information Office at Charing Cross. the most popular hill resort of the south has a number of tourist of attractions. following the course of the Mayyar River. Coonoor: Coonoor is situated on the eastern side of the southern extremity of the Doddabetta range. A trek can be full of thrill. the headquarters of Nilgiri district. PRIME ATTRACTIONS The Nilgiris. Ooty. The Botanical Gardens and the Doddabetta peak (the highest peak in the Nilgiris. swamp and valleys. Mukkurthi Peak. Elk falls. They are about 5-km below Coonoor 50 .950m. Doddabetta: Doddabetta is the highest peak (2. who traced and mainly constructed the Coonoor Ghat. This 321-sq-kms wide sanctuary encompasses a National Park measuring an area of 103-sq-kms. It is situated at a distance of 105 kilometers away from Coimbatore. The Mysore-Ooty highway runs through the sanctuary. Ooty Lake: An artificial lake constructed in 1824 by Mr. open grassland. the offshoot of the Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats. at an altitude of 1. Doddabetta Peak. which was once a British hill resort. the hills abound in trek for lovers of nature. Kotagiri is situated at an altitude of 1. which is the highest point in Ooty. Colonel Law. The temperate and most equable climate further heightens the attractiveness of the place. Landscaped by nature. located 10-km from Ooty) are the major attractions. Kodanad viewpoint and Catherine falls are a few places to visit. It is 10-km from Ooty. is popularly known as the "Queen of hill stations' among the tourist circuits. Coonoor is located 19-km away from Ooty and is essentially a small tea garden town where the weather remains pleasantly cool throughout the year. Sullivan. The sanctuary has varied mixture of flat land. which chiefly include the Botanical Gardens. It is the second largest hill station in the Nilgiris. that dates back to 1819 and is quieter than Ooty. their services may be hired. There are guides who have sound knowledge of certain areas. excitement and adventure and a way of seeing and enjoying nature in all its beauty and splendour. Trekking pamphlets are available with the Nilgiri Wildlife and Environment Association (NWLEA). the Pykara Dam and sprawling tea plantations. Laws Falls: Laws falls are a beautiful picnic spot. Botanical Garden: Botanical gardens are a major tourist attraction for those who visit Ooty. The steep hills and fantastically narrow valleys with numerous rivers and rivulets running in all directions with a few fine waterfalls here and there provide beautiful scenery. There is a good motorable road to reach the peak. There are treks and treks in whichever direction you turn and from whichever point you start. Apart from the wide range of animal and bird life. the rich fauna of this sanctuary has made Mudumalai very popular with wildlife enthusiasts. plateaus and plains around.
the hills are even hospitable to welcome the visitors. which encompasses Catherine falls. the exquisite Kodaikanal and the salubrious heights of Yercaud . auto rickshaws and taxis are available. The Mukkurthi Peak and National Park: About 40-km from Ooty there is a beautiful peak called "Mukkurthi". jutting out of the face of the hillside in formation in which its name suggests. is the nearest airport. natural oils like Eucalyptus. Kanyakumari. There are regular bus services to and from Coimbatore. There are vast stretches of undisturbed sholas and it is a paradise for naturalists. The Mukkurthi National Park is located on the Southern corner of the Nilgiri Plateau. Visitors can also taste and select from the wide varieties of tea available. The famous toy train connects Ooty with Mettupalayam and Coonoor. Madurai. The Nose is unique rock of tremendous proportions. Some of the tourist attractions of this place are well-protected fenced sholas. Toda embroideries. Palghat. A boathouse with restaurant and a rest house are available at Pykara.459-sq-kms 51 . Bangalore. 105-km from Ooty. SHOPPING IN OOTY: Just about anything available in the cities can be had at Ooty with the added attraction of leisurely shopping. which is directly connected to Coimbatore and Chennai. It has daily flights to and from Chennai. Tea and Tourism Festival: The Department of Tourism. With the Summer Festivals. flower and fruit shows are specially organized. Coonoor and Kotagiri are also well connected by road with the major cities and towns of the state. Bangalore. For local transportation. Cochin and Trivandrum. the evergreen Ooty. The festival is held for 3 days. which fall into Bhavani Puzha. undisturbed grassy meadows and also a good wildlife habitat. Pykara falls and the reservoir attracts many tourists. Varieties of tea are on display. Co-operative Super Market and Municipal Market are some of the best places for shopping fruits and general groceries. The Pykara Dam. Exclusive Nilgiri products including Nilgiri tea. Silent Valley is located on the Western side in the Western Ghat. jointly celebrate the annual Tea and Tourism Festival during the months of January-February in the Nilgiris. Summer Festival: There are several beautiful hill stations in Tamil Nadu. The height of the falls is about 180 feet. GENERAL INFORMATION Area (District Area): 2. The summer festival is held in the 'Queen of Hill Stations'. Mysore.where boat races. Pykara: Pykara is situated about 21-km from Ooty. which is a feast to the visitor's eye. Calicut. Rail: Ooty is on the narrow gauge railway connected to Mettupalayam (47-km). The Kollaribetta and Nilgiris Peak are other major peaks around. Trichy. Road: A good network of roads and national highways connect Ooty with all major towns and cities. fruits. Government of India.on Mettupalayam road. Kodanad Viewpoint: Kodanad Viewpoint located at a distance of 16-km from Kotagiri commands a panoramic view of the plains and the eastern slopes of the Nilgiris. Government of Tamil Nadu and Ministry of Tourism. The Flower and Fruit Show: The annual Flower Show at Ooty and the Fruit Show at Coonoor are the important cultural events. Tirupati and other important destinations in South India. plant nurseries are easily available in the town. Toda settlements. A number of little perennial streams flow between these peaks. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Coimbatore. Kairali of Kerala Handicrafts and Poompuhar of Tamil Nadu Handicrafts have their showrooms near to Super Market Buildings on Charring Cross-. Dolphin's Nose: Dolphin's Nose is about 12-km from Coonoor. deserving special mention. It exposes a vast panorama. Ooty is also well connected with major cities of Kerala and Karnataka.
Min 10ºC Max 21ºC. Tiruchendur.Population (district): Latitude: Longitude: Altitude: Clothing: Language Spoken: Climate: Temperature Range (deg C): SummerWinterRainfall: Coimbtore .10. also dedicated to Lord Muruga and is called the "Tiruavinnakudi Temple". there is a beautiful panorama of forests to admire. and Sakthigiri in its vicinity. An altercation ensued between this boy. slung to a pole in the form called "Kavadi". On hearing this Lord Muruga was frustrated and left Kailasa for the south. to where he was living farther in the south. The Origin Of The Temple: Tradition tells the temple's origin. A boy carrying a baton wandered along. Near Madurai. But the Lord restored him to life. His parents attempted to dissuade Him. Kannada. At the foot of the hill there is an even more ancient temple. Idumban set down his "Kavadi" near Palani in order to take rest. it is the third of the "arupadai veedus". Lord Shiva on Kailasa had offered a pomegranate as a prize to whichever of His sons. Lord Muruga. The other five are Tirupparankundram. who was Lord Muruga. and Idumban. Later He moved into the temple at the top of the hill. 52 . which stands at the summit about 150 meters high. set off at a great pace. to carry them on his shoulders. could go round the world quicker. astride His vehicle. It stands on a hill that is an offshoot of the Western Ghats. He directed a disciple of his.180 km 7.280 and 2.210 (1991 Census) N 11° and 11° 55' E 76°13'and 77° 2' 2. Tamil Nadu Deity Worshipped: Sri Dandayuthapani (Lord Muruga) Popular Practice of Pilgrims: Carrying Kavadis Important Festivals Celebrated: Panguni Utharam in March . the hill on which the temple stands. At this stage. saying "Pazham Nee" which means in Tamil. he found that he could not. When. "Tirumurugarruppadai".113 km Palni . Idumban. But Lord Ganesh merely walked around His parents. Meanwhile.960 mm NEARBY CITIES Coonoor . Swamimalai. "Thou art thyself the fruit of all wisdom and knowledge". Tiruttani and Pazhamuthircholai (on Azhagarkoil hills). or the Six Abodes of Lord Muruga. the peacock. as they were the Universe. one at each end. From the temple. dates from a remote past. In this Idumban was killed. Min 5ºC 1. The claim was conceded and the prize was awarded to Him.55 km Erode . Malayalam and English Temperate and Most Equable Max 25ºC.13 km Namakkal . and there are some other hills nearby. Lord Ganesh and Lord Muruga. At his request He ordained that those who carry "Kavadis" to His temples in fulfillment of vows should be blessed. He said that. Once Agastya wished to take away Shivagiri. after some time he attempted to bear it on his shoulders again.290 meters Heavy woolen in winter and light woolen in summer Tamil. But He was not appeased and went to Tiruavinankudi.April And Thaipusam Festival The hill temple of Lord Muruga as Sri Dandayuthapani in Palani near Madurai is one of the most popular of Tamil Nadu fanes. He was walking around them. as mentioned in a Tamil poem of the first century of the Christian era.161 km Palani Location: On Palani Hills.
In two places in the temple there are sculptures of a royal personality. with many attractive pillars. What is remarkable is that the millions of Abishekas. the Abisheka materials gain in medicinal properties from contact with the image and are prized by physicians. the structural beginnings of the temple should be dated to the eighth century. Interesting Features: The image of the Lord is made of nine kinds of medicinal minerals. This 10-day event at the Tiruavinnakudi Temple. Two of the Mandapas. The Karthigai Deepam and Vaikasi Visakam get two lakhs of persons each. Cheraman Perumal. Tamil Nadu. whom the pilgrim is enjoined to worship. which is left on the image overnight. also called "Kaveripoompattinam" is an ancient historic town situated in Sirkali Taluk (also spelt as Taluka) of Nagapattinam district. The most important festival is "Panguni Utharam" in March . There is a shrine to Idumban on the hill. Every bit of it is used. The Nagarattars performed many renovations in recent times. the royal Kerala saint is believed to have constructed the Sanctum and the Ardhamandapa. Mandapas stand along side. Some of the monthly Karthigais draw a crowd of one lakh. On either side of the pathway there are shrines and Mandapas at frequent intervals. Since 1966 a haulage winch transports the pilgrims. Taxis. POOMPUHAR Location: Sirkali Taluk of Nagapattinam District. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Madurai is the nearest airport. Around the hill runs a sacred path. which contains many structures.The tradition accounts for the presence of the Lord in the temple as Boy baton in hand. with large lithic figures of the peacock. is a wonder drug. About five lakh people attend the festival. auto-rickshaws and tongas are available for local transportation. The temple is set at a spacious Prakara. at a distance of 119-km. at the foot of the hill occurs in the off-season and so agriculturists and other rural folk participate in it and give offerings of paddy to the temple. In succeeding times the temple was expanded by the Nayaks of Madurai and by the local chiefs. Many pilgrims have their heads tonsured. Three lakhs persons attend the Thaipusam festival. the Navaranga and the Paravel Mandapas. In the southwestern corridor of the temple there is a shrine to Bogar. Perambulating the hill is considered a holy act. are of great beauty. On the contrary.Coimbatore line of the Southern Railway.April on the day Utharam Star (Nakshatra) is ascendant. This practice obtains not only in Palani but also in the other temples of Lord Muruga. About The Temple: The temple has seven inscriptions. Tamil Nadu Also Called: Kaveripoompattinam Was Once: A Major Port During The Reign Of Cholas Famous As: Archaeologist Delight Poompuhar. the Lord's mount. for the popular name of the hill as "Palani" and for the practice of pilgrims carrying "Kavadis". but now there are 697 stone steps. At the entrance to the temple there is an extensive quadrangle. Rail: The temple is about 5-km from the railway station on the Dindugal . down the centuries have had no effect on it. Festival Celebrated: Palani and festivals are synonymous. The same may be said of Skanda Sasthi. None has a bearing on its origin. believed to be a junior contemporary of Agastya (Siddhas had supernatural powers and performed miracles). But tradition ascribes it to a Siddha named Bogar. In particular the sandal paste. Rock hewn steps used to lead from the foot of the hill to the top. If this tradition is correct. about a mile long. or oblations poured on the image. Road: There are bus services from all the major towns in Tamil Nadu as well as from the adjoining state of Kerala to Palani. An archaeologist 53 .
It is mentioned as "Rajathiraja Valanaattu Nangoor Naattu Kaveripoompattinam" in the Sayavanam temple inscription of Vikrama Cholan in the same temple. Poompuhar grew into a great city during the reign of Karikal Cholan. The Kaveri. at a moderate tariff. Melapperumpallam. With the rise of later Cholas in 850 AD the city regained its past glory. Several kinds of brick figures and copper coins were also found. The study stresses the need for further extensive excavations along the course of the palaeochannel to open up new vistas in the technology of marine structures of ancient Poompuhar. Excavations show an extent of planning that would make most modern planners envious. The National Institute of Oceanography. but to the exquisite beauty of the port town it came to be called "Poompuhar". These sculptures carved by the sculptors of the Mamallapuram Art College remain the treasure house of Tamil culture. Later Kopperunchingan also contributed to the grandeur of the place. Thirusaikkadu (Sayavanam): Situated 2 km away from Poompuhar estuary. this temple is dedicated to Thirusayavaneswarar and Iraivi Kuyilinam Nanmozhi Ammai Ammal. Puhar known to Ptolemy and Pliny. The existence of such wharves corroborates the plan of ancient Poompuhar. the Epic of the land have been given lively shapes in stones on the walls of the Gallery. Even after Sangam Chola's period Poompuhar occupied a significant place during the regime of Kalabras. A wharf belonging to the 3rd century BC was excavated at Poompuhar in 1962-63 and a similar wharf was unearthed in the subsequent excavation during 1997. along the coast of the state and certain pockets in and around Karur. The Department of Tourism offer shell shaped cottages to the Tourists in the Poompuhar Tourist Complex. Musugundam. The structural similarities and their functional viability are studied. The ancient Kings like Sembiyan. It was once a major port during the reign of Cholas. Goa and the Archaeological Department of Tamil Nadu Government have undertaken offshore exploration at Poompuhar and they have contributed a museum. Keelaperumpallam. A fine beach and calm water offer good bathing. Though Poompuhar became a prey of times. Keezaiyur and Vanagiri are mortal remains of ancient Poompuhar. still a few small villages remain a silent witness to the cruelty of times. History Of Poompuhar: Details of Poompuhar have been read in the Brahmi-inscription dating back to the second century BC in 'Barkuth' of north India. which is splendidly explained by the Pattinappalai. This 54 . was known as "Puhar". Excavations At Poompuhar: The Sea submerged the original city and at present there is only a small village. During the excavations remains of the various buildings were found. The historical details of Poompuhar have also been found in the inscriptions of Sayavanam Temple at Poompuhar.delight. one of the Sangam texts. calls the town "Puhar Nagaram". Poompuhar came under the Pallava regime and during that time the Pallavaneeswaran temple was built by them. was a planned city built over 2000 years ago. After the Kalabras in the 6th century AD. Manuneethi Cholan and Karikal Cholan who carried myths with them. After the Sangam Chola period the Bay of Bengal swallowed a major part of Poompuhar town. added to the glory of Poompuhar town. Poompuhar is a town for those who like to wander amidst history and take a stroll through time. Thirusaikadu (Sayavanam). Scenes from Silappathikaram. Explorations were carried out in Poompuhar right from 1910. Pallavaneeswaram. merging with the bellowing sea. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Sillappathikara Art Gallery: Silappathikara Art Gallery is a beautiful seven-tiered building of great sculptural value. The archaeological department has revealed the existence of several ring-wells near the seashore.
It is a beautiful temple of historical importance. 55 . Rig-veda. Sirkali: Sirkali located at a distance of 21-km from Poompuhar is the birthplace of the great Saiva Saint Thirugana Sambandar. This museum is open to public on all days except Friday. This is the place where Meykandar was born. Thirukkadaiyur (Thirukkadayur): Thirukkadaiyur is on the bus route between Mayiladuthurai and Tranquebar. Chola inscriptions are found in the temple. It is noted for the famous Nayanmar's hymns. The Danish fort and buildings with Danish architecture are the attractions of Tranquebar. Nangoor: Nangoor is located in Sirkali Taluk (also spelt as Taluka) of Nagapattinam district. Sthalapuranam says that Lord Shiva exterminated Yama at this place to save the life of Markkandeya. Keezhapperumpallam is at distance of 2-km form Poompuhar. "Pudhan" (Mercury) has a separate sthalam in Thiruvengadu temple. The presiding deity is Sri Swetharanyeswarar. It is the temple where the famous "Kethu" has a separate sthalam (place). The Saivaite-saint Thirugnanasambandar praised this temple.temple has been praised by Nayanmars in their hymns. The well-known "Panchamuga Vathyam" and Paru Nadaswaram are still played during regular pujas. It is a beautiful temple of architectural wonders of Cholas. The Fort is now under the control of Tamil Nadu Archaeological Department and houses an archaeological Museum. The unique feature of the town is that it has three Shiva temples at one place. Punjai: Punjai located near Sempanarkoil has a Shiva temple that has received tributes from Devaram. Thiruvengadu: Thiruvengadu is situated at a distance of 10-km from Sirkali and about 30-km from Poompuhar. It is one of the eight temples (Atta Veerathanam) glorifying the heroic deeds of Lord Shiva. Anantha Mangalam: It is a small village near Thirukkadaiyur. Four great Saivaite Saints have sung hymns on it. Sempanarkoil: Sempanarkoil is an antique temple referred to as Thirusumponpalli in Devaram hymns. the words in Tamil meaning Bird (Jatayu). Iyarppakai Nayanar and Pattinatthar were born here. Thiruvarur: Thiruvarur is located at a distance of 65 km from Poompuhar and 20km from Nagappattinam.Ur. Vaitheeswaran temple is known in Hindu scriptures as "Pullirukkuvelur". Muthuswamy Deekshither and Shyama Sastri were born here. The Musical Trinity of Thyagaiyyar (Thyagaraja). Thiruppallavaneeswaram: Thiruppallavaneeswaram is an ancient and very beautiful temple. Vaitheeswaran Koil: Vaitheeswaran Koil is about 60-km from Poompuhar. (Pul . Thirumangai Alvar sanctified the Vaishnava temples in Nangoor. The temple here is noted for the presiding deily of "'Dasapuja Veera Anjaneyar". Lord Murugan and Sun respectively) is one of the important Shiva temples in the South. It was renovated in 1782-84 and again in 1839. This place is noted for the Thyagaraja temple and the chariot (temple car). The Valampuranathar temple at Melapperumpallam has Chola inscriptions.Irukku Vel . The Zion Church was built in 1701. Even now the Danish Fort built in 1620 exists to exhibit Danish architecture. Tranquebar (Tharangampadi): It is 35-km north of Nagappattinam on the coastal line of Bay of Bengal. It is still in good condition. Melapperumpallam and Keezhapperumpallam: These two sthalams (holy places) are situated very near Poompuhar and Thiruvengadu. It is one of the famous Saktisthalams. Town Gateway was built in 1792 on Danish Architectural style. It is situated on the bus route between Tranquebar and Mayiladuthurai (Mayiladuthurai is located at a distance of 24-km from Poompuhar). Eleven of the 108 Divya Desams are found in and around Nangoor. The famous Thoniyappar Shivalayam is situated here. It is a temple of great historical significance.
Nagappattinam. The History Of Pudukkottai: Pudukkottai was formerly one of the princely states of India. The headquarters of the district is Pudukkottai. Mayiladuthrrai and Sirkali. Visitors from Chennai by train have to get down at Sirkali. Government Museum. Tourists have to alight at Mayiladuthurai railway junction. the Naickers in the middle of the 15th century. and the Moghuls in the 17th century. Rail . on 14th January 1974. Chennai and Nagore. Pudukkottai was founded by Raghunath. Min 20. There are also train facilities from Nagappattinam to Thanjavur.21-km Trichy-141-km PUDUKKOTTAI Location: In Pudukkottai District. located in the southeastern part of the state is one of the new districts formed after the 1971 census. Alangudi. and Sittannavasal Pudukkottai district. The front portion of the temple has been partly damaged due to Sea-erosion. Raja Of Tondaimandalam Was Formerly: One Of The Princely States Of India Main Attractions: Sri Kokaraneswara Temple. It is one of the small districts of Tamil Nadu with an area of 4.1ºC NEARBY CITIES Mayiladuthurai .155 (1991 Census) Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and English Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 35. Tirumayam and Kulattur.8ºC. Trichy. During the last half of 17th century. Pudukkottai was under the control of the Muslims during the first half of the 15th century. It has a coastline of about 39-km. Raja of Tondaimandalam (the region around the ancient port of Tondi on India's southeastern coast). Danish Governor Bungalow gets its name as it was used as the residence of the Danish Governor in 1784. It was a unique state with all sovereign powers in reign by the Maharaja of Pudukkottai. the Marathas of Thanjavur ruled Pudukkottai area along with their territory in Thanjavur district. Bay of Bengal in the east and Ramanathapuram in the south. Road . Hired vehicles like cars and auto rickshaws are also available. Tiruchirappalli bound Pudukkottai district in the north.24-km Sirkali . Industries include peanut (groundnut) oil and sesame oil extraction. viz. Thanjavur in the northeast. It is the biggest building in Tranquebar.The nearest railway station is at Mayiladuturai (24-km).Masilamani Nathar temple built in 1305 by Maravarma Kulasekara Pandiyan exhibits outstanding architectural skills. Tamil Nadu Founded By: Raghunath.661-sq-kms. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 14. Pudukkottai state comprised of three Taluks (also spelt as Talukas). to proceed to Poompuhar by road. with its headquarters at Pudukkottai.4ºC WinterMax 27.Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporations operate town buses to nearby areas like Karaikal.90-sq-kms Population: 86. Min 22. 56 . HOW TO GET THERE Air: The airport at Trichy is at a distance of 141-km.6ºC. Now it is under the control of Tamil Nadu Tourism Department.
Later. the first king of the later Cholas are located here. Pudukkottai was a princely state in the 17th century AD and it has rich reserves of archaeological and cultural remains at Kodumbalur. i. It is perhaps the best architectural marvel in South India. Boodhi Vikramakesari built these temples in the 10th century AD. Kudumianmalai. 57 . It is famous for its Murugan temple and the Peacock sanctuary. Narthamalai: Narthamalai is a place of historical importance and the headquarters of the Mutharaiya chieftains. Kunnandarkoil. It is a famous temple and often visited by tourists. Mahendravarman and Narasimhavarman Pallava built the cave temples. Nearby is the Muchukundeswarar temple of the early Chola period. Sittannavasal: Pudukkottai is 53-km from Tiruchirappalli and 57-km away from Thanjavur. The town is bestowed with a large number of wild peacocks. The Thondaiman kings ruled Pudukkottai state till 1948. are interesting masterpieces of art. The sculptural work of the temple is exquisite. Chockalingam who was the then Collector of Tiruchirappalli in the pre-bifurcation period of the two districts of Tiruchirappalli and Pudukkottai. It was formerly the seat of Irukkuvelirs. etc. the museum is located at a distance of 5-km from Pudukkottai railway station. Zoology.e. a Taluk (also spelt as Taluka) headquarters is 19-km from Pudukkottai. Tirumayam: Tirumayam. who were related to the Cholas. Sittannavasal located 16-km north west of Pudukkottai town. Narthamalai. The architecture of the temple is unique among south Indian temples. The rare collections in the section of Geology. from Pudukkottai. built by the Mutharaiyar and the Vijayalaya Choleeswaram cave temple built by the Vijayala Chola. An earliest structural stone temple. Visit Tamil Nadu Kodumbalur: Also known as "Moovarkoil". PRIME ATTRACTIONS Sri Kokaraneswara Temple: The rock cut cave temple of Sri Kokaraneswara and Brahadambal at Thirukokarnam is of Mahendravarma Pallava's period. which roam around the Murugan temple. Gangadaramurthi. Historical Records. Pudukkottai came under the suzerainty of the Thondaiman kings. Epigraphy. before it was merged with the union of the Government of India on 3rd March 1948. In fact these institutions took shape as a result of the special efforts of the former Director of Census Operations. The cave contains stone beds of an early Brahmi record and some 7th century AD inscriptions. The sculptures of Kalarimurthi. Government Museum: Situated at Thirukokarnam. Thirumayam and Avudaiyarkoil. Anthropology. which lie adjacent to each other. as "Thiruperunthurai" is an important Shivasthala located at a distance of 8 miles from the Arantangi railway station and about 48-km. It is one of the 108 Divya Desams and has two cave temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. are very interesting. The Anna Agricultural Farm And Agriculture Research Institute: The Anna Agricultural Farm and Agriculture Research Institute in Pudukkottai are interesting places often visited by tourists. Of the three shrines of Moovarkoil only two exist now. the district headquarters. is a celebrated Jaina center having a cave inhabited by monks in the 2nd century BC and a rock-cut temple of the 7th century AD. Sittannavasal. Gajasamharamurthi Ardhanariswara (also spelt as Ardhanareeshwara). circular in shape. Paintings. Avadaiyarkovil: Avadayar Koil.. etc. Shri K. Kodumbalur is 36-km from Pudukkottai and 42-km from Tiruchirappalli. previously known. Viralimalai Sanctuary: Viralimalai is a small town situated at a distance of 30-km from Tiruchirappalli and 40-km from Pudukkottai. The rock-cut temple has exquisite sculptures and paintings of the 9th century AD The Archaeological Survey of India protects both the monuments.
western portion of Rajapalayam municipality and the town was expanded by purchasing lands from Chokkanatha Nayak (1706 -1732). History And Growth Of Rajapalayam: Rajapalayam is named after its Raju inhabitants. 50-km away.1ºC Rainfall: 908 mm NEARBY CITIES Alangudi . a lineage decedent of the King of Vijayanagar who belonged to Pasumpatti migrated to the south along with his followers and settled at Kilarajakularaman at the first instance and then moved their settlements to Palayapalayam in 1483 AD. Rajapalayam was constituted as a united 58 . Tourist taxis and city buses are available for local transportation.1ºC.August) at Sri Kokarneswarar Brahadambal Temple. and Thanjavur and all other nearby towns by road. One Chinna Raja. King of Madurai (1659 -1682) who has recorded his appreciation of the service rendered by Chinna raja and his four sons and granted Sasanam.336-km Sivaganga . Madurai. Road: Pudukkottai is connected to Rameswaram. the descendents of the original emigrants were said to have served under the Chokkanatha Nayak.HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Tiruchirappalli.3ºC.18-km Chennai . Thirukokarnam and Manikkavasagar Festival at Avudayarkoil are celebrated every year in a grand manner. Local buses cover all tourist centers in and around Pudukkottai.10° 40' Longitude: E 78°25' . Malayalam. Madurai. They settled in Pudupalayam.4ºC WinterMax 21. It is an important town in Virudunagar district and is the Taluk (also spelt as Taluka) headquarters of Rajapalayam Taluk. Telugu and Urdu Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 37. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 12-sq-kms Population: 99.78 meters (288 feet) Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil.156-km Sivakasi . Telugu speakers who migrated during the Vijayanagar (1336-1565) conquest. It is situated 85-km southwest of Madurai. Either after the battle of Talaikotta (1565) or on the eve of the same battle more Rajas migrated to the south from the Vijayanagar Empire. Tamil Nadu Center For: Cotton Hand Looming And Weaving Named After: Raju Inhabitants Who Migrated During The Vijayanagar (1336-1565) Conquest Rajapalayam is one of the cities that expose the Indian culture clearly. Tiruchirappalli. Rail: Pudukkottai lies on the Chennai Rameswaram railway line and is connected to places like Tiruchirappalli. FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: Adi Pooram Festival (July .180-km Thanjavur .058 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 9°50 .79°15' Altitude: 87. When Vijayanagar rule was established in Madurai. Min 20. Min 36. and Thanjavur. Five roads are radiating from Rajapalayam on the north of Madurai on the south of Tenkasi and Sankarankovil on the east of Chattarapatti and on to the west to mountains and Ayyanar falls.50-km RAJAPALAYAM Location: Virudunagar District.56-km Tiruchcharappalli .
2ºC. a great poet-saintess of the Bhakti tradition. The town grew as a center for cotton hand looming and weaving that has made the town a more significant zone in Virudunagar district.145-km Ettaiyapuram .board in the year 1885. Telugu and English Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 37. Min 20.48-km Gudalur . Rail: Rajapalayam has a railway station that connects it with Tirunelveli. Srivilliputur and other towns and cities of the state. Sethu. It became a Panchayat board in the year 1930. taxis and auto rickshaws are available. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Madurai (85-km).232-sq-km and occupies part of the flat southern coastal plains.109-km Dindigul . on the east and south by the Bay of Bengal. Uttarakosamangai. Min 25. Tiruppullani And Gandamadhana Parvata Ramanathapuram district has an area of 4. For local transportation. It has cotton mills and a cement factory. Marathas. Road: Rajapalayam is well connected by road with the neighbouring towns and cities of the state. and on the west by Tuticorin and Virudunagar districts bound it on the north. it has an unusually dry climate.122-km Madurai . GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 11-sq-kms Population: 12. Tamil Nadu Named After: Lord Rama Ruled By: Pandyas. Protected from the northeastern and southwestern monsoons by the Western Ghats to the west and the mountains of Sri Lanka to the southeast. The 59 . Additionally it happens to be the birthplace of Periazhwar another well-known saint of the Srivaishnava tradition. Sivakasi.63-km Nagercoil . Cholas. but irrigation tanks (embanked earth reservoirs) enable the district to produce chilies and cotton for export. including the island of Rameswaram. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Ayyanar Falls: Ayyanar Falls is a local picnic spot with natural waterfalls located 10-km west of the Rajapalayam.09 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 9° 12' to 9° 47' Longitude: E 77° 20' to 78° 26' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil. It's Location: Sivaganga and Pudukkottai districts.35-km Kalakkadu . Tamil Nadu is well known as the birthplace of Sri Andal. and Nayaks Of Vijayanagar.1ºC.4ºC WinterMax 29. Nizams And The British Main Attractions: Rameshwaram.135-km RAMANATHAPURAM Location: Ramanathapuram District. Railway line was laid in the year 1927 and the town was electrified in 1937.4ºC Rainfall: 792mm NEARBY CITIES Cholavandan . Srivilliputtur: Srivilliputtur-a temple town in the Virudunagar district. It is also home to one of the 108 Srivaishnavaite Divya Desams-The Vatapatrasayi Temple.11.
Ramanathapuram formed part of Pandyan Kingdom. on the way to Dhanushkodi. Vibishana was crowned when he joined Sri Rama. In 1741 AD. A pilgrimage to Rameshwaram is among the important injunctions laid on the Hindu from time immemorial. By about 1520 AD. which comprised of Madurai. Sivaganga and Virudunagar. which even now attracts large number of persons all over the country. For about two centuries. In the year 1985 the district of Ramanathapuram trifurcated forms three separate districts i. With the help of the Vijayanagar King. Ramanathapuram and Tirunelveli. Parakaram Pandya Deva brought this territory again under the rule of Pandyas. just outside the Ramanatha temple there are a few sites also held sacred. on a hillock. In this Mandapa footprints of Sri Rama are enshrined.district headquarters is located at Ramanathapuram. Ramanathapuram district formed part of Pandyan Kingdom. Nayak Kings ruled Ramanathapuram territory from Madurai. In the middle of 18th century. For a brief period. 60 . These chieftains did not acknowledge Nawab’s rule. Eight kilometers from the temple. Ramanathapuram having been known from early times and mentioned in Ramayana and later in Tamil Puranas naturally has a good number of places of worship associated with Hindu gods. It was converted into a Zamindari in 1803 AD and Mangaleswari Nachiyar was made a Zamindar.5-km west of the temple. During the Nayaks rule. the Marava chieftains-Sethupathis who were lords under the Pandyan Kings reigned over this part in 17th century. The Pandyan Kings ruled over the territories. Of these. this area was also under the Chola Kings when Rajendra Chola brought it under his authority in 1063 AD. From the top of the Mandapa there is a fine view of parts of the island. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Rameshwaram: Rameshwaram is a pilgrimage center of nationwide importance. In 1773 AD. Rameswaram deserve mention. the last Nayak ruler. The great temple of Sri Ramanatha is connected by tradition with Kasi (also spelt as Kashi). The history of Ramanathapuram is closely linked with the history of the Palayams. History Of Ramanathapuram: In the early centuries. Ramanathapuram and Sivaganga continued to be Zamins till the system of Zamindari was abolished in 1948 AD after India attained Independence. they declared the adopted son of Queen Meenakshi. Gandamadhana Parvata: On the island of Rameshwaram (also spelt as Rameshwaram). The British took control of the administration of Ramanathapuram in 1795 AD. as Rama is said to have worshipped Shiva here on his way back from Sri Lanka. Its history is closely linked with the Pandyan Kingdom till the end of the 15th century. there is a beautiful temple of Sri Kodandarama where. The temple is in the island of Rameshwaram. Ramanathapuram fell into the hands of Chanda Sahib of Carnatic in 1731 AD. it produces textiles and jewellery and has two colleges affiliated with the Madurai-Virudunagar University. About 2. as the King of Pandya Mandalam against the Nawabs. Ramanathapuram.e. connected to the mainland by a bridge. General Smith brought them under the authority of the British. stands the Gandamadhana Parvata. tradition says. the Banares of the South. The deity here constitutes one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of India. the Nayaks of Vijayanagar took over this territory under their control from the Pandyan Dynasty. the area came under the control of the Marathas and then under the Nizam in 1744 AD. Ramanathapuram territory was also under the Muslim Empire till 1365 AD. Its name refers to the Hindu god Rama. a small town of the same name as the district. A pilgrimage to Kasi is not considered complete without a pilgrimage to Rameshwaram.
also by the sea. Coimbatore.Tiruppullani: Outside the island of Rameswaram. Rail: Ramanathapuram has a railway station. Min 35.654 (1991 Census) Latitude: N9° 05' to 9o 56' Longitude: E 78o 12' to 79o 26' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil. the Banares of Without A nationwide back from the South. It is believed that they were set up by Sri Rama to represent the nine planets. tradition holds. Trichy. expansion and preservation of these and many other temples in the district. The family is closely connected with the temples in Rameswaram. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Madurai. To the making. as Rama is said to have worshipped Shiva here on his way SriLanka. The Lord is Mangaleshvara and the Goddess Mangalesvari. of course.6ºC WinterMax 30ºC. Telugu and English Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 48ºC. Madurai. The temple is in the island of Rameshwaram. Manikkavachagar has sung of it. and Thanjavur etc. The temple has inspired many Tamil works of devotion. Tiruppullani. has the Ramanatha temple in Rameswaram. Tamil Nadu Deity Worshipped: Linga Of Sri Ranganatha Famous Tradition: A Pilgrimage To Kashi Is Not Considered Complete Pilgrimage To Rameshwaram Significance: One of the 12 Jyotirlingas of India Rameshwaram (also spelt as Rameswaram) is a pilgrimage center of importance. there are three other sites traditionally connected with Sri Rama's expedition to Sri Lanka. the Navagrahas. 61 .39-km Tuticorin . GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 63-sq-kms Population: 52. Road: State transport buses are available from the railway station to the various places in and around Ramanathapuram. auto-rickshaws and cycle-rickshaws are available. For local transportation taxis. Sri Rama built a bridge to Sri Lanka.97-km Rameshwaram Location: Island Of Rameshwaram. there are nine stones visible at low tide. or Navapashanam.126-km Viruduanagar . where there is a celebrated temple of Sri Anjaneya. which is well connected by rail with all major cities like Chennai. So. Min 25ºC Rainfall: 949 mm NEARBY CITIES Sivaganga . A big temple in Tiruppullani commemorates the tradition that there the Lord obtained a bow and arrows to use in the impending war from its presiding deity and also that the Lord of the Ocean who had refused to help Him finally submitted. the British made them Zamindars. Uttarakosamangai: 16-km southwest of Ramanathapuram stands the renowned Shiva temple of Uttarakosamangai. and Uttarakosamangai. In Devipatnam. and where. 110-km away. Originally a ruling power in these parts. the 'Setupathis' of Ramanathapuram contributed magnificently. The Sethupathi's proud boast was that he was the guardian of the Sethu. Sethu: 5-km south of the Ramanatha temple is Sethu.
offered worship to Lord Shiva to expiate the sin incurred in destroying him. The deity here constitutes one of the 12 Jyotirlingas of India. A magnificent railway bridge. is one of the achievements of 62 . The Rameshwaram pilgrimage has long been a tradition in South India. and some failing to survive the rigours and dangers of such incredibly long journeys. at the request of Vibishana. A pilgrimage to Kashi is not considered complete without a pilgrimage to Rameshwaram. Intending to set up a Linga. his friend. The Sacred Pilgrimage To Rameshwaram: A pilgrimage to Rameshwaram is among the important injunctions laid on the Hindu from time immemorial.4 wide. the "Visvalinga". Temple Architecture: the temple 264m easts to west and 200m norths to south. But He failed. The Kashi pilgrimage is considered complete not only after worship in the Sri Ramanatha temple but also after a bath in Dhanushkodi. Hanuman was delayed. and offered it worship. in Rameshwaram. stands on the eastern shore of an island. Men and women knew this cost might be exacted of them. and with three Prakaras. which Lord Vishnu bears in one of His hands.4m high. philanthropists used to construct rest houses at intervals along the way. according to tradition. Meanwhile. It contains two Lingas under worship. in the 10th century. To pacify Him Sri Rama directed that his Linga. Everything in and near Rameshwaram is traditionally connected with incidents in the "Ramayana". At the main eastern entrance stands a huge Gopura of nine storeys and 38. corridor. He found that it was too late. in Tamil the "end of the bow". the Hoysala. a few meters from the sea. many of them quite old. or third. No field is ploughed or oil presses anywhere in the island. This is the second Linga under worship in the temple. The Great Temple Of Sri Ramanatha: The temple of Sri Ramanatha. of which the district Rameshwaram is an administrative part. in time honored tradition. He was angry and attempted to uproot the Ramalinga. particularly in Tamil Nadu. the propitious hour for the installation having arrived. About The Temple: Since it was Sri Rama Himself who. In olden days groups of pilgrims. and has passed into folklore. in the 12th century. faces east. it is held in particular reverence. Grimes walking incredible distances. which has over the centuries grown into its present gigantic dimensions. But in their time they were most useful. Dhanushkodi was affected in a cyclone a few years ago. Vishnuvardhana. or Ratnakaram. the bridge which. The outermost. He returned to India and. two big Gopuras and two more unfinished ones. He directed Hanuman to bring one from Kailasa within a certain time. called the "Mahodadhi" in ancient times. destroyed the bridge to Sri Lanka with the end of His bow. Modern means of transport have made these rest houses superfluous. 196m long and 120. When Hanuman returned with a Linga. built the temple. over a kilometre long and constructed at the beginning of the twentieth century. or sacred bathing places. The Sethupathis of Ramanathapuram. taking months and years. should also be set up and that worship should first be offered to it. were called the "guardians of the Sethu". The great temple of Sri Ramanatha is connected by tradition with Kashi. but they repaid it cheerfully. was built for Sri Rama to cross over into Sri Lanka when He set out to recover Sita. takes its name from a tradition that Sri Rama. which is shaped like a conch. The last of them before Rameshwaram was Thangachimadam. connects it with the mainland. Many kings of old prided themselves on having planted columns of victory in Rameshwaram-Krishna III the Rashtrakuta. After killing Ravana. This is the Linga of Sri Ramanatha in the temple. joins the Indian Ocean. a few kilometers away on the island. even vital.connected to the mainland by a bridge. its beautiful old name "Dhanushkodi". walked huge distances to the two temples. a tip of the island where the Bay of Bengal. Sita Herself prepared one of sand. There are innumerable other shrines and twenty-two "Tirthas" (also spelt as Teerthas).
Usually.7m high. once came to Rameshwaram on pilgrimage and performed a sacrifice to propitiate Lord Vishnu. The Pandya. is enshrined in a sanctum to the right of His. he found an image of Vishnu in shackles. The importance of bathing in these "thirthas" derives from the tradition that Sri Krishna Himself did so. stands beyond the second Prakara. Visvanatha and Krishnappa. mainly within. Ramanatha's Consort. this location has not been followed. SACRED SITES OUTSIDE THE TEMPLE Gandamadhana Parvata: Outside the temple. which is within the temple. On either side of it there are portraits of two of the Nayaks. or bathing places. adopted her and lavished affection on her. How the huge stones could have been carried across a turbulent sea is a question the answer to which proves that old Indian engineers were quite advanced in technology. Shrines Within The Temple: In the principal sanctum there is the Linga of Sri Ranganatha. on a hillock. the pilgrim bathes first in Agni Tirtha (also spelt Theertham). All are located on a platform 1. According to time-honoured tradition. In yet another shrine there is an image of Visalakshi. Punyanadhi. Then he realised the enormity of what he had done. On coming to the Rameshwaram temple. the Consort of Visvanatha. That night he dreamt that the old man appeared as Lord Vishnu and the girl as Goddess Lakshmi. the Goddess is enshrined to the left of the Lord. being 24m high. In this Mandapa footprints of Sri Rama are enshrined. in the guise of an old ascetic. One day Lord Vishnu.5m high. There is much delicate artistry in many parts of the sanctum. having no daughter of his own. the Gandhamadhana Linga. contains images of Hanuman. which Hanuman brought. The name derives from the fact that the image is of white marble. In Nayak times there was a kind of ford. but still impressive. there are a few sites also held sacred. Behind the Sri Ramanatha shrine. he loaded him with chains and had him imprisoned in the Rameshwaram temple. on the island. of three storeys. and the Agastya Linga. stands the Gandamadhana Parvata. On the northern and southern sides there are unfinished Gopuras. each 3. the name should be "Svetha Madhava". is enshrined in another sanctum to the north. with Goddess Lakshmi would remain in the temple in shackles. height and such like. 6. which Sita made and Sri Rama sanctified. Thirthas Within The Temple: There are no less than twenty-two "thirthas" (also spelt as Teertha or Tirtha). It is made of 'Sudai'. in order to test his faith. and finally in the Kodi tirtha. About 2. This is the one. The western Gopura is smaller than the eastern. as in Madurai. The first word is Sanskrit for "white". From the top of the 63 . The Vimana. When the king heard of this. Petrified Forest. Worship is offered to it first. is that all these stones must have been transported here over long distances and across the sea by a causeway. but a few also outside. in Shiva temples.7m long and 5m high. and between the second and third prakaras. he saw the same sight. There are about four thousand pillars. the temple. sent Goddess Lakshmi as an orphan girl.5-km west of the temple. a material used for sculptures on Gopuras. A huge Nandi. The Linga of Visvanatha (also spelt as Vishvanatha). What is truly remarkable. made his way into her apartment. as the sea to the east of the temple is called (nearby there is a Shankara Matha).the Hindu artist down the ages. But here. Strictly speaking. They look like an orderly. there is a sanctum for Lord Vishnu as "Sethumadhava". But the Lord consoled him and said that He. An Interesting Story Is Told Of The Origin Of The Shrine: A Pandya of Madurai. When he went to the princess apartment. The Lord. Parvathavardhani. The tradition is that he who bathes in a tank near the shrine and offers worship in that shrine will receive all the benefits of the Kashi pilgrimage. apart from the sheer artistry of it which has so magnificently conquered problems of proportions.
expansion and preservation of these and many other temples in the district. and where. at a distance of 154-km. The area around Salem is composed of a series of hills ('Shevaroy'. The City Of Salem: Well-known for cotton and silk handloom weaving. Sethu: 5-km south of the temple is Sethu. and Muslim rulers. or Navapashanam. Also city bus service is available in the island. Tiruchirappalli. SALEM Location: Salem District. with electrical and chemical factories. The family is closely connected with the temples in Rameshwaram. Manikkavachagar has sung of it. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Madurai. and brass rolling mills. Archaeological remains show that the region was occupied during the Neolithic period. It is believed that they were set up by Sri Rama to represent the nine planets. tool workshops. For local transportation taxis. the British made them Zamindars. The Indian Institute of Handloom Technology.Mandapa there is a fine view of parts of the island. auto-rickshaws. the Navagrahas. and Uttarakosamangai. on the way to Dhanushkodi. In historic times the land formed part of independent Kongu NAD. has the Ramanatha temple in Rameshwaram. the second of its kind in India. but was later conquered by Chola. Road: State transport buses are available from the railway station to the various places in and around Rameshwaram. The Lord is Mangaleshvara and the Goddess Mangalesvari. cyclerickshaws and tongas are available. also by the sea. In Devipatnam. and 'Pachaimalai') in the east and a section of the Cauvery (also spelt Kaveri) River valley in the west. Rail: Rameshwaram is well connected by trains from all the major cities of India. there are three other sites traditionally connected with Sri Rama's expedition to Sri Lanka. Tiruppullani. Salem has developed as a large-scale industrial center. where there is a celebrated temple of Sri Anjaneya. Situated at the junction of the Bangalore. 8-km from the temple. Sri Rama built a bridge to Sri Lanka. 'Kollaimalai'. of course. 'Kalrayan'. It was ceded to the British in 1797. Vijayanagar And Muslim Rulers And The British Salem district is bounded on the north by Dharmapuri district. Vibishana was crowned when he joined Sri Rama. tradition holds. there is a beautiful temple of Sri Kodandarama where. on the south by Namakkal district and on the west by Erode district. Tiruppullani: Outside the island. and Cuddalore roads. a term denoting the visit of an early Chera king. the Setupathis of Ramanathapuram contributed magnificently. So. on the east by Villupuram and Perambalur districts. there are nine stones visible at low tide. the city's name derives from "Sela Nad" (a corruption of "Chera Nad"). The temple has inspired many Tamil works of devotion. To the making. Uttarakosamangai: 16-km southwest of Ramanathapuram stands the renowed Shiva temple of Uttarakosamangai. 332-km southwest of Chennai (formerly Madras). Originally a ruling power in these parts. Tamil Nadu Well Known: For Cotton And Silk Handloom Weaving Main Attractions: Picturesque Hill Ranges And Rocks And The Temples Ruled By: Chola. Vijayanagar. A big temple in Tiruppullani commemorates the tradition that there the Lord obtained a bow and arrows to use in the impending war from its presiding Deity and also that the Lord of the Ocean who had refused to help Him finally submitted. tradition says. The district headquarters is located at Salem. The Sethupathi's proud boast was that he was the guardian of the Sethu. 64 . is located here. Location And Name: Salem is on the Tirumanimuttar River near Attur Gap between the Kalrayan and Pachamalai hills.
fish. Yercaud is situated at an altitude of 1. nearer hence the name Poiman Karadu. It is a part of the River Cauvery (also spelt as Kaveri) and is about 250 meters above sea level. Shiva and Sakthi worshipped as one. Tirugnanasambandar and Arunagirinathar have sung in praise of some of these temples. next to Yercaud. Attur: Located at a distance of 13-km from Salem is Attur with a well-preserved old fort. monkey. on the Shevaroy hills of the Eastern Ghats. The wonderful Agasakangai waterfall flowing from a height over 200 ft is a unique scene. Kolli Hills: Located at a distance of 100-km from Salem and at an altitude of 1. Sankagiri: At a distance of 35-km from Salem is Sankagiri famous for its fort. Aragalur: Aragalur. Manickavachagar. Tiruchengodu: Tiruchengodu. some of them dating back to the Chera. Yercaud is also called "Ooty of the Poor " and is known for Coffee Plantations and Orange Groves. The presiding deity of the temple is represented in half male and half-female form i.920 feet). 45-km from Salem is one of the seven Shivasthalams in Kongunadu. Poiman Karadu: Poiman Karadu is situated on the Salem-Namakkal National Highway. The main attraction of the falls is its vertical drop from a height 65 . another famous hill station in Salem district. Sri Arappaleeswarar Temple on top of Chathuragiri hills is one of the oldest. The terrace type 70 hairpin bent Ghat road. 33-km from Salem is famous for Sri Kailasanathar Temple. the origin of which is traced back to the 13th century AD. Figures of tortoise. the fruits cultivated here. Quite a few of these temples are more than 1000 years old.PRIME ATTRACTIONS Salem district has a good number of picturesque hill ranges and rocks and is dotted with more than 750 temples. This reservoir is not only a source of irrigation essentially in Trichy and Thanjavur districts but also a hydroelectric project besides being a big fish producing water source. Taramangalam: Taramangalam.500 meters (4. which is situated at a height of 5326. 74-km from Salem has tow imposing temples. The highest point in Yercaud is the Shevaroy temple. Statues of RathiManmatha.e. Mettur Dam: The Mettur Dam across the River Cauvery (also spelt as Kaveri) as it enters Salem district is one of the biggest reservoirs with a water spread of 15. the likeness of a deer with two horns is visible in a cave between rocks on the hill. Seen from the plains to the east of the hill from a particular spot. Vali-Sugriva of the epic Ramayana and Yali with rotating stone ball in its mouth . Government Museum: The government museum at Salem contains valuable collections of terracotta's and sculptures. big and small. The Gopuram is bedecked with stucco figures. The mysterious vision disappears when one gets. Many of these temples are located in the hill ranges and rocks. honey and the unchanged tribal cultures are unique memories. The Arthanareeswarar Temple is located on a hillock here. crocodile are carved out on the walls and granite roofs. Saivite saints like Appar.the rotating lotus flowers in the ceiling are some of the beautiful sculptures. It is located at a distance of 114-km from Salem and 133-km from Bangalore. Chola and Pandya days. There is a big Buddha statue at Thiyaganur village at the outskirts of Aragalur Village. Hogenakkal Waterfalls: Hogenakkal Waterfalls is one of the wonderful waterfalls in Tamil Nadu. Yercaud: 30-km north of Salem is Yercaud.540 hectares. one is dedicated to Sri Kameswara and the other to Karivaradaperumal. The lofty hills are of extraordinary scenic beauty endowed with a salubrious climate.190 meters are the Kolli Hills. Valvil Ori Festival and Tourism Festivals are celebrated during August every year. a lesser-known hill station when compared to Ooty and Kodaikanal.
Surrounded by mountains. Sivakasi .4ºC. It is about 90-km from Dharmapuri and is now becoming an important industrial center.A Town Of Three Industries: Sivakasi may be called as "A town of three industries". Tamil Nadu Famous For: Matches. Thali known as "Little England" for its climate is 25-km from Hosur. Mariamman festivals are unique in the district.58-km Mettur . Fire works and Printing. Kerala and Karnataka. Hogenakkal offers a quite holiday in comfort. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 19. Thus. namely Matches.90-km Villuppuram .712 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 11o19' and 11o 58' Longitude: E 77o 40' to 78o 50' Altitude: 1.150-km SIVAKASI Location: Virudunagar District. The famous Adiyamankottai fort is 8 km from Dharmapuri. Hosur: Hosur is known for its cattle farm. Masi Magham. It is a part of Virudunagar district. Dharmapuri: About 53-km from Salem is Dharmapuri.48-km Perambulur . For local transportation taxis.53-km Erode . Sivakasi is known for its fireworks manufacturing reputation and offset printing machines of which it has the second largest 66 .0ºC WinterMax 29.523 meters Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and Malayalam Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 38. Road: Salem is well connected by road to all major cities in Tamil Nadu. located 74-km south of Madurai. These festivals last nothing short of 30 days. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Trichy.94-sq-kms Population: 366. Min 28. Fire Works And Printing Industries Named After: The Shivalinga Brought From Kasi Also Known As: Mini Japan Sivakasi is a first grade municipal town in Tamil Nadu. which takes place at Mecheri. auto rickshaws and city buses are available. Min 22. is the biggest festival in the district. the district headquarters of the district of the same name.4ºC Rainfall: 960mm NEARBY CITIES Attur . The Agni Festival and The Car Festival are celebrated in veneration of Goddess Mariamman. Festivals of longest duration are observed in Attur Taluk (also spelt as Taluka) of Salem district. Rail: Salem has its railway station and trains run from it to all the major cities in Tamil Nadu. This small town is also popular for its ancient worshipping places.of 20 meters with a thundering sound. It is a 7-day car festival celebrated in honour of Bhadrakali Amman.13-km Dharmapuri . It has an ancient temple. FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: The Salem district mainly adores the village Goddesses.119-km Namakkal . Sivakasi is a famous industrial town in South India honoured as "Mini Japan" by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.2ºC.
Moreover. The period of construction was between 15th and 16th century. Most of the manufacturing units are in small scale and cottage industries. close to Kerala and Sivakasi (Kassi of Siva) located at South of Madurai. sales tax paying industrial town in India. In and around Sivakasi there are 1434 match works and 291 fires works industries. While returning to his place with the prized Linga a few miles past Madurai. Sri Mariamman is the Goddess of the temple. Sri Pathira Kaliamman Temple: Sri Pathira Kaliamman Temple is a very famous temple in Sivakasi. a city in German. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Kasi Viswanatha Swami Temple: Kasi Viswanatha Swami Temple is an ancient temple in Sivakasi. refused to move from there. the cow that carried the Shivalinga. Aanaiappa Gnani reconstructed this temple. As events thus overtook auspicious time for the already proposed plan of consecrating the Linga at Tenkasi. with his capital at Tenkasi.number in the world. henceforth came to be called "Sivakasi". "Thanga Kavasam Satruthal" is held in the beginning of every Tamil month. The presiding deity is Kasi Viswanatha Swami or Kashi Vishwanath Swami (Lord Shiva) and the Goddess worshipped here is Visalatchi Ambal. Its story starts from the 14th century. "Kumbabhishekam" for the "Raja Gopuram" (Main 67 . It is one of the highest excise duties.500 match industries either of small or medium or large-scale units. Sri Pathira Kaliamman is the Goddess of this temple. Later on King Pandia and King Thirumalai Naicker did a lot for this temple and named it "Kasi Viswanatha Swami " Temple. which was sanctified by the Shivalinga brought from Kasi. the king reverentially placed the Linga in the place where he had halted and proceeded to Tenkasi. Out of the total requirement of matches and fireworks in India Sivakasi meets about 85-90% of production. The History Of Sivakasi: Sivakasi has a history of more than 600 years. for all coaxing and coercing. "Kumbabhishekam" for this temple was held on 21-1-1983. Legend Regarding How Sivakasi Came To Be Called So: When Hindus just hear the very name ‘Kasi’. Ankesari Parakrama Pandyan ruled the southern region of Madurai. the princess attained puberty that night which prohibited the carrying of the Linga. On that day many people come to worship the God. every Pradthosam. "108 Changabishegam" is held on every last Monday of Tamil month to Sri Kasi Viswanathar and on every last Friday of Tamil month to Sri Vishalatchi Ambal. He wished to establish a Shiva temple at Tenkasi and he had planned to visit Kasi Varanasi to worship Lord Shiva there and bring a Linga from there. it evokes religious sentiments with them. There are more than 1. "Prathosam" is very popular among the people of Sivakasi. When the king woke up to continue his journey after his overnight halt. "Karthikai Thiruvizha" is celebrated in "Aadi Karthigai and Thai Karthigai" days. next to Guthenburg. Thousands of workers are getting direct and indirect employment through this industry. the temple was developed more. Muthu Veerappa Naicker constructed the Ratham (the chariot). "Kumbabhishekam" for the "Gopuram" of this temple was held on 6-21984. There is a beautiful Silver Ratham in the temple. Kasi is a place where every devout Hindu is expected to visit once in his lifetime. he took rest under a groove of Vilva trees. In 1659. Apart from that there are two other Kasi's in Tamil Nadu -Tenkasi (meaning the Southern Kaasi) located near Courtallam. Under the rule of King Naickers. The king. The place. Around 373 Printing presses are located in and around Sivakasi. on Shivaratri and on other festival days Sri Mariamman Kovil: Sri Mariamman Kovil is another famous temple in Sivakasi. Festival Celebrated At Kasi Viswanatha Swami Temple: "Powrami Puja" is held on every full moon day. "Kumbabhishekam" for this temple was held on 11-06-1987. It is interesting to note how Sivakasi came to be called so. being brought from Varanasi.
width of 44 feets and the height of 110 feets of 7 stages. The Church concentrates on making humanization through education. Raja Gopuram has the length of 66 feets. Rockland Church: Protestants constructed "Rockland Church". waterfalls and several smooth rock slopes for playful sliding. For local transportation taxis and auto rickshaws are available. the 5th and 6th days are celebrated very grandly. Elephants. There is a very beautiful garden in this temple. Waller started the work on 29-6-1917 and it took 8½ years to finish. Road: Sivakasi is well connected by road with the major towns and cities within and beyond the state. Hanuman brought the entire Sanjeev Hill with the herbal plants to Sri Lanka and after wards through it away . HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is located at Madurai. In 29-12-1925 Thiru Packenham Walsh inaugurated the church. It usually comes in the month of April and May respectively. The base was constructed by stone. Spotted Deers. Protestants and Pentagosthe and all the three groups have very old churches at Sivakasi. Large numbers of people come to worship the Goddess. In Chithirai Pongal festival. E. a picnic spot with good cool water streams. in order to save the unconscious Lakshman. Ayyanar Falls: Ayyanar falls are located at a distance of about 40. with a temple and small waterfalls. Our Lady of Lord's Church: Roman Catholics constructed "Our Lady of Lord's Church" on 1953 by Father Balaiya S. Powrnami Puja is celebrated grandly on the full moon day. which are Roman Catholics. The area of the church is 60 cents of which 800 persons can pray at a time. The temple itself is an expression of self-assertion by members of Nadar Community who were ill treated earlier. Sanjeev Hills: At a distance of 3-km from Rajapalayam on the way to chatrapatti are the Sanjeev Hills. Wild Buffaloes can be spotted here. like conducting daily pujas and sponsoring festivals.J. which is about 76-km from the city. also works for the eradication of Child Labour.H. Rail: Sivakasi Railway station is an important station in the Southern Railway due to the movement of Industrial products. Sastha Falls: Located at a distance of 27-km from Rajapalayam and 12-km from Devadanam is the Sastha falls. and it impresses the visitors to a greater extent. There are three sections among Christians. This church is constructed in Portuguese style. The Rajagopuram was constructed within the period of 8 years and is believed to be the tallest of all kali temple towers in the state.M. 80 feets of 7 stages was constructed with 30 architects within a period of 1½ year. In the epic Ramayana. Mr. The people through four "Ratha Veethies" drag the Ratham and when it reaches the destination it is celebrated as the last day of Pongal celebrations. It owns the biggest tower of all the Amman temples in India.km from Sivakasi town. On the 7th day the "Ratha Urchavam" (Therottam) is held. Pongal festival is celebrated for 10 days from the day of Kodiyettram. This temple has been periodically renovated since 1983-84. 68 . It is a suitable place for enjoying the holidays.Tower) was held on 7-7-1995. About 11 Churches around Sivakasi are attached with it. FAIRS AND FESTIVALS Hindu Celebrations: Panguni and Chithirai Pongal festivals are grandly celebrated in Sivakasi for the Goddess Sri Mariamman and Sri Pathirakaliamman respectively. Badrakaliamman Temple: The magnificent tower of Sri Badrakaliamman Temple in Sivakasi has a glittering gold Kalasam that attract all newcomers. A separate committee called "Devasthanam Committee" was constituted to look after the routine affairs. for 30 feets with 100 sculptures in 6 years.It is said that this is the hill that was thrown away.
Legend Connected With The Temple: No one really knows when the Srirangam temple came into being. Tirupati -the Moon. Tiruchendur-Jupiter. Ayodhya. The actual shrine is supposed to have risen out of the "Paarkadal" (Ocean) itself as a result of Brahma's penance. who was appointed to take care of the daily worship. The temple of Ranganatha. Madurai-Mercury. Min 25. Thai Car Festival In January.8ºC. "Ikshvaku".07 meter above sea level Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: English and Tamil Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 37. Hoysala. According to legend. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 6-sq-kms Population: 65. the reclining form of Lord Vishnu. SrirangamVenus.116 km Srirangam Location: Near Trichy.142-km Tuticorin . Theppam Festival In February And Goratham Festival In March. the Sun God. Large numbers of people visit Sivakasi during this festival to worship the Gods. Palani. 69 . Vaikunta Ekadasi In December.the Sun. preserved and patronized by the great rulers of Tamil Nadu.35-km Virudhanagar . is supposed to have kept it in his capital. His descendant.2ºC. It has a long history and the temple was built in stages at various periods by the ancient kings of Chola. The Grand Adhyayanotsavam In December-January. or temples representing the planets. tradition and civilization.4ºC Rainfall: 792mm NEARBY CITIES Madurai .593 (1991 Census) Latitude: N9° 12' to 9° 47' Longitude: E 77° 20' to 78° 26' Altitude: 100. Sri Ranganatha. Tamil Nadu Abode Have: Sri Ranganatha (Lord Vishnu) Significance: One Of The Nava Graha Sthalas Important Festivals Celebrated: Aadi Bhramotsavam In March-April. Srirangam is also listed as one of the Navagraha Sthalas (places). Christian Celebrations: Roman Catholics celebrate "Our Lady Festival" on February 11.Mars. Muslim Celebrations: Muslims celebrate "Chandana Koodu Festival" as local festival in their Dhargas. Vijayanagar dynasties and the Nayaks.6ºC WinterMax 29. Min 20. near Trichy. Sri Rama presented the shrine to Vibhishana when he attended his coronation. The South Indian temples in this group are Suryanarcoil . Tirunallaru-Saturn. the abode of the Supreme Lord. Chitrai Car Festival In April. Pandya. the largest in India.18-km Rajapalayam .Thiruvathirai Festival is famous in Sivakasi. Protestants celebrate "Ikkya Virunthu" as local festival of their church. is of particular reverence to all Hindus. is situated in a picturesque island in the hallowed South Indian River Cauvery. They decorate the god in a ratham and it goes through the main streets of Sivakasi.27-km Tirunelveli . In this festival four Rathams from 4 temples are decorated beautifully with "Sevanthi Flowers". Srirangam is an eloquent symbol of age-old Indian culture. a descendant of Surya. Srirangam.
There are two processional images. Koil Olugu. Jatavarman Sundara Pandya 1. Most of the temple complex standing today was constructed between the 14th and 17th centuries. housing several Mandapams (also spelt as Mandapas). He however promised the disconsolate Vibhishana that he would always lie facing Sri Lanka. It is here where the Adhyayanotsavam (involving the recitation of the Tamil Prabandam hymns) is held. Outside the main temple there is a small shrine supposed to have been built on the spot where Andal became one with the Lord. The temple enshrines Ranganatha (also spelt as Rangathar) in the central sanctum.When Vibhishana. The Chandra and Surya Pushkarini tanks are located in the 3rd Prakaram. At the southern edge of the huge open courtyard. and is also in the 4th Prakaram. the shrine got rooted there. The image of the Goddess is never taken out of the shrine. is Ramanujacharya. He donated all this treasure to the temple. written around the 11th century attributes the construction of one of the enclosures to Tirumangaialvar. rested briefly at Srirangam. which is quite awesome. The Great Reformer Ramanujacharya: Of course the most famous resident of the area. who was carrying it back on his head to Sri Lanka. The temple is surrounded by seven concentric walls (the outermost wall having a perimeter of over 3-km) and covers a vast area of 63 hectares. Sri Ranganathaswami. The Krishna Venugopala shrine on the southern side is also of great beauty. which dates back to the third century. the legend goes. who is supposed to have lived there during the seventh century. A total of 7 concentric Prakarams (also spelt as Prakaras) surround this shrine. In one boat he sat on the back of an elephant and in the other he poured jewels and gold till it sank to the same water line as the first. He came to Srirangam as a young 'Sanyasi' and was responsible for completely revamping the administration of the temple. Periyalvar. History Of The Temple: The temple does have a traceable history. a Chola king who reigned during the 13th century was responsible for enlarging the temple and for covering the Lord with sumptuous gold and jewellery. a chronicle of the temple.000-pillared hall is also the product of the late Chola period. is said to have built and covered many of the main parts in gold and even built a jeweled arch to cover the Lord. This king. It is mentioned in the "Silappadikaram" as well as in the Nalayiradivyaprabandham. he once had two boats built on the Kaveri. the Vijayanagara rulers added the hall with 8 pillars with huge horses. he wandered all over the South before settling finally in Melkote in Karnataka. then appeared before him and said he wished to stay on the banks of the Cauvery. The pillars here go back to the Chola period (13th century CE). A total of 21 towers adorn the temple. "Sriranga Nachiar" (also called "Thayar") is located in the 5th Prakaram. Religious persecution compelled him to flee from Srirangam at the age of 80. He was born in Sriperumbudur around the year 1137 and spent the early part of his life in Kanchipuram. With his band of devoted followers. The Garuda Mandapam is located in the third Prakaram. Vibhishana. whose life and work have been well chronicled. According to temple chronicles. tanks and shrines. its entrance is in the south. The shrine of the Goddess. it is believed comes even today to pray at the temple. Its pillars go back to the Nayaks of 17th century Madurai. has also described the temple in his verses. known as "Hemachatina Raja" or the king who covered the temple with gold. crowned with a gold plated Pranava Vimanam (also spelt as Vimana) or Paravasudeva Vimanam (also spelt as Vimana). Gopurams (also spelt as Gopuras) on the south and east of the 4th Prakaram are the most impressive. who’s adopted daughter Andal was an ardent devotee of Ranganathaswami. The 1. 70 .
Malik Kafur who caused the collapse of the Pandya dynasty in the 14th century, raided Srirangam and carried away most of its treasures. Ten years later, Mohammed Bin Tughluq (also spelt as Tuglaq) turned the temple of Srirangam into a fort. The priests of the temple took the Uthsavamurti of Ranganathaswami and whatever vessels and jewels they could save and fled. The idol of Thayar was buried in the temple courtyard itself. For over 50 years, the Utsavamurti lived in exile. The temple functionaries managed to keep the "Mulavars" (main idols) safe by building a wall over them. The Uthsavamurti is said to have traveled all over India and was finally kept at Tirupati, apparently hidden in a ravine. When peace returned, since the old idol could not be found, a new one was installed. The wall protecting the Moolavar was removed. However, a couple of years later, suddenly the old idol resurfaced and there was a controversy as to which was the original one. A blind washer man, it is said, identified the true idol by the fragrance of Kasturi, which lingered on its vestments. Apocryphal Stories Often Told By The Residents Of Srirangam: In Srirangam, myths, legends and history are inextricably blended into apocryphal stories, which the residents tell you as you walk down the corridors of the enormous temple. At one spot, for instance, there are five strange holes drilled into the solid stone floor, in front of a pair of elegantly carved feet. Once, the story goes, Ranganatha decided to dress himself as Thayar and appear before his devotees because he wanted to understand why people only appealed to him through his wife. As he came down the corridor, dressed like a woman, Thayar is said to have stood in that corner of the passage hidden by the wall. As he neared, she inserted her fingers into those holes for grip and bent to peer around the wall to watch him coming. The Lord of Srirangam has been endowed with some very human traits, which make it easier for the devotees to identify with him. During festive celebrations, for example a unique quarrel is enacted between the Lord and Thayar at the Woraiyur temple close by. Legend: According to legend it is said that weeks before the day, which had been fixed for their marriage, Sriranga (Ranganatha) was nowhere to be seen. Thayar, heard stories of his wandering around, meeting other women and so, when he finally appeared on their wedding day, she became very angry and threw out all the fruit and butter and eatables prepared for the feast. He, however, finally pacified her and convinced her that he had only gone hunting and that a wild animal made the scratches on his back. Services And Festivals: An elaborate protocol of worship services is offered here throughout the day. On about 120 days, the Utsavamurti is taken out in procession out of the inner sanctum. Aadi Bhramotsavam is celebrated in Panguni (March-April). The grand Adhyayanotsavam is celebrated in the month of Margazhi (December-January), involving the recitation of the Prabandham hymns or Alwar Pasurams in the thousandpillared hall. Vaikunta Ekadasi in December, Chitrai Car Festival in April, Thai Car Festival in January, Theppam Festival in February and Goratham Festival in March are the other important festivals celebrated in Srirangam. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Trichy (10-km). Rail: Srirangam is an important railway junction on the meter-gauge of Southern Railway and is well connected with the towns and cities of the state. Road: Srirangam situated on the National Highway No.45 on Tiruchirapalli-Madras route is well connected by road with the major towns and cities within and beyond the state. For local transportation taxis, auto rickshaws, cycle rickshaws and city buses are available.
Location: Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu Built By: Rajaraja Chola In 11th Century Main Deity: Lord Shiva- Peruvudaiyar, Rajarajeswaramudaiyar Important Festivals Celebrated: The Annual Festival Celebrated For 9 Days In The Month Of Visaka (May-June) The Brihadeeswara Temple in Thanjavur is an architectural wonder and reflects the artistic skills of the erstwhile Chola rulers who ruled peninsular India in the early medieval period. Built by the Chola king Rajaraja I in the 11th century, it is one of the tallest temples in the world. It was so designed that the Vimana never casts a shadow at noon at any part of the year. The origin of the magnificent Brihadeeswara temple goes back to the late 10th and the early 11th century, when Rajaraja Chola, the great Chola ruler, ruled a kingdom that spread through a large part of peninsular India. Rajaraja Chola, like other Chola rulers, was a great patron of art and architecture. During the time of the Cholas, most of the magnificent temples as well as exquisite bronze sculptures in South India were created. The style and grace of these sculptures and temples, and an eye for the minutest of the details, till today, is without parallel. Temple Architecture: Sama Varma was the chief architect of the Chola court and was commissioned by Rajaraja Chola to build the House of God. Sama Varma began his work diligently and took his work seriously. He began to design a structure, which was to stand on a 29m square base and rise up to a height of about 65 m. Like all other Chola temples, the Brihadeeswara temple is also a fully carved structure. A 107 paragraph long inscription on the walls of the Vimanam records the contributions of Rajaraja Chola and his sister Kundavai to the Thanjavur temple. The temple stands within a fort, whose walls are later additions built in the 16th century. The towering Vimanam is about 200 feet in height and is referred to as "Dakshina Meru". The octagonal Shikharam rests on a single block of granite weighing 81 tons. It is believed that this block was carried up a specially built ramp built from a site 6 kilometers away from here. Huge Nandis dot the corners of the Shikharam (also spelt as Shikhara), and the Kalasam on top by itself is about 3.8 meters in height. Hundreds of stucco figures bejewel the Vimanam, although it is possible that some of these may have been added on during the Maratha period. The Shivalingam - Peruvudaiya, Rajarajeswaramudaiya - is a huge one, set in a two storeyed sanctum, and the walls surrounding the sanctum delight visitors as a storehouse of murals and sculpture. The Shivalinga of Sri Brihadeeswara is probably the grandest in existence. This image was originally called "Adavallan" (the one who is good in Dance). Another name was Dakshina-Meru Vitanken. Rajaraja Cholan calls the image Rajarajeswaramudaiya, - The Lord of Rajarajeswaram. The long Prakaram surrounds the great temple (500 feet/250 feet), and the walls surrounding the Prakaram again go back to Rajaraja Cholan's period. The walls house long pillared corridors, which abound in murals, Shiva Lingams and Nandis. The Periya Nayaki temple within the temple is a later addition from the Pandya period, and so does the Saint poet Arunagirinathar sing the Subramanya temple later. Noteworthy Sculptural Art: Incidents from the lives of the Nayanmars, several of the 108 Bharatanatyam dance postures, manifestations of Shiva (Aadalvallaan, Nataraja, Tripurantaka, Dakshinamurthi etc.) are depicted in sculptured panels or in exquisite Chola murals. Both the interior and the exterior walls of the temple are replete with images of the kind described above. The Sanctum, the Ardhamandapam, the Mukhamandapam and the Mahamandapam, although distinct, form a composite unit with an imposing appearance that awes visitors,
forcing one to wonder how such timeless architectural feat was executed about 1000 years ago. Entrances to the Mandapams and the towered entrances to the Prakarams are majestic. The grandeur of the architecture and the sculptural finesse speaks volumes of the skills of the Imperial Cholas. The Nandi, which dates back to the Nayak period, is housed in its own Mandapam and it matches up to the grandeur and size of the temple. It is a monolithic Nandi weighing about 25 tones, and is about 12 feet high and 20 feet long. Sub Shrines Within The Temple: The various shrines within the temple include the Shrine of Sri Subramanya in the northwest corner, Shrine of Goddess Sri Brihannayagi, Sri Chandeeswara Shrine, Shrine of Ganapati, Shrine of Dakshinamurti in the north eastern corner, the colossal monolith figure on Nandi, the sacred bull, in the central courtyard and the Shrine of Karuvurar The Shrine Of Sri Subramanya: The Shrine of Sri Subramanya has been pronounced to be "As exquisite piece of decorative architecture as is to be found in the south of India" and "A perfect gem of carved stone work, the tooling of the stone in the most exquisitely delicate and elaborate patterns, remaining as clear and sharp as the day it left the sculptor's hands". Its correct place in the evolution of Dravidian temple architecture would be modern, giving it a date not earlier than 600 AD and is popularly believed to be of the Nayak period. The shrine consist of a tower 55 feet high, raced on a base 45-sq-feet, covered with delicately carved figured, pillars and pilasters and carried on along a corridor 50 feet long, communicating with another Mandapam 50 feet sq. to the east. Flights of steps lead up to either side of the shrine but the principal entrance is to the east. The walls of the pillared Manadapam are decorated with the portraits of the Mahratta rulers. The Shrine Of Goddess Brihanayaki: The Shrine of Goddess Brihanayaki is a later addition, constructed in the second year of a konerinmaikondan-probably a later Pandya of the 13th century. It is said that the original shrine of the Goddess, was located in the adjoining Shivaganga gardens and was later removed to main courtyard of the temple by the one of the Nayaks. The Shrine Of Ganapati: The Shrine of Ganapati is in the southwestern corner of the court and is of the time of Sarfoji II. Seven images of Ganapati are said to have been set up by Rajaraha Chola, 2 in the dancing posture, 3 seated comfortably, and the remaining 2 standing. The Shrine Of Chandeeswara: The shrine on the north central court is the only one put up contemporaneously with the main temple. Chandeeswara is one of the 63 Saiva saints and is considered to have been made the chief of Saiva devotees by Lord Shiva. He is assigned a shrine and an honoured place in every Shiva temple. He was looked upon as the manager of the temple. Any worshipper visiting a Shiva temple has to appear at the Chandeeswara shrine before leaving the temple premises and clap his hands evidently to satisfy the God that he is not taking away any temple property with him. Sri Dakshinamurti Shrine: Sri Dakshinamurti sanctum, with image as originally enshrined in one of the niches of the Vimanam, abutting the south wall of the main temple and approached by a steep flight of 21 stone steps is distinctly a later addition. The Great Nandi: The Nandi within an elaborately worked Nayak Mandapam is massive and striking. The Nandi is 12 feet high, 19.5 feet long and 18.25 feet wide. The Nandi is a monolith weighing about 25 tons and the stone is said to have come from a bed of Gneiss at the foot of Pachaimalai near Perambalur. Another version is that the stone was brought over from the bed of the River Narmada in the north. There is a tradition that the Nandhi is growing in size with the progress of time. It was feared it might become too large for the Mandapam erected over it and a nail was driven
coconut. in the temple court. Karuvur Devar. Glass Bangles And Wooden And Clay Toys Situated in Tiruchirappalli district. a city known for its educational institutions. etc. the day on which the ruling star is Satabhishag is treated as a festival as that was the ruling star at the time of Rajaraja's birth. Chennai.into the back of it. Rail: There is a railway junction in Thanjavur. juice. lime. on the banks of the River Kaveri (also spelt as Cauvery) is Tiruchirappalli. cigars. Thursdays are held sacred for his worship and shrine attracts large crowd of devotees. Saint Karuvurar's Shrine: Behind the main temple and under the shade of a Neem and a Mandarai is a modern looking shrine. Dal. Ernakulam. Two portraits statuesque on the front pillars of the Nandi Mandapam are pointed out as those of Sevappanayakan (the first Nayak ruler) and of his son Achyutappa Nayak. Trichy is the district headquarters of the district of Tiruchirappalli and has its name for tourist attraction. pepper and mustard. sugar. plantain fruits. Festivities: Every month. curd and Ghee. The daily offering to the deity consists of cooked rice (rice hulled from paddy stocked for not less than four months should be used for cooking purposes). gingelly. and reopens in the evening at 4:00 p. curd. handloom cloth. Madurai and Nagore. The annual festival for 9 days is celebrated in the month of 'Visaka' (May-June). History Of Tiruchirappalli: Tiruchi itself has a long history dating back to the centuries before the Christian era when it was a Chola citadel.m. Road: Thanjavur is well connected by road with all the major towns and cities in Tamil Nadu and also with Kochi. The temple closes in the night after the last pujas are performed by 8:00 p. glass bangles and wooden and clay toys. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Trichy (65-km). The deity is daily bathed with fragrant water in which the buds of big Champaka flowers have been soaked.m. During the first millennium AD. and since. and other items. rice boiled in milk. vegetable dishes. the offering consists of eight varieties of cooked rice (mixed with tamarind. Ghee is used in place of oil for keeping the temple lamps burning. The Karur Stalapurana narrates how the saint helped Rajaraja Chola in the installation of the great Brihadeeswara Shivalingam in the sanctum sanctorum at the time of the consecration of the temple. Other items include cake made with Dal. Cigars. during which the drama of Raja Rajeswara is also enacted. industries. rice. Handloom Cloth. Tourist taxis are also available. and temples. Pujas include Archana. It is well connected with Trichy. tamarind. On festival days. TIRUCHIRAPPALLI (TRICHY) Location: Tiruchirapalli District. The other festival is Krittika day in the month of Karttika (also spelt as Kartik). it 74 . Temple Timings: The temple is kept open from 5:30 in the morning to 12:00 in the noon. Regular Puja Services: Every day.). fried vegetables. The city is a thriving commercial center in Tamil Nadu and is famous for artificial diamonds. Tamil Nadu Shortly Called: Tiruchi Or Trichy Landmark of the City: Rock Fort Temple Famous For: Artificial Diamonds. its size has remained stationery. A place appears to have been assigned to him for this reason. vegetable dishes. Ghee. There are regular bus services for visiting all places of interest in and around Thanjavur. The temple usually remains closed during the noon hours. and Pansupari. regular pujas are performed to the deities in the holy shrine. Abhishekam (also spelt as Abhishek) and Prasad o ffering. jaggery. popularly known as "Karuvurar". It is shortly called as "Tiruchi" or "Trichy". and Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala and Bangalore in Karnataka. dedicated to a great Siddha.
Installed under an ancient Jambu tree. etc. Paintings. Tiruvanaikkaval or Jambukeswara Temple: Situated 2-km east of Srirangam. the reclining form of Lord Vishnu. Gangaikondan Cholapuram: GangaikondaCholapuram is located in Udayarpalayam Taluk (also spelt as Taluka) of Perambalur district. The Nayaks of Madurai. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Government Museum: Situated at Thirukokarnam. which is believed to have worshipped Lord Shiva here. a Chola ruler established GangaikondaCholapuram as his capital city and built a magnificent temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. There are beautiful sculptures and a thousand pillar-hall within the temple.the Manikka Vinayakar temple at the foot of the hill.changed hands between the Pallavas and Pandyas many times before being taken by the Cholas in the 10th century AD. the lingam is partially submerged by water and meant to represent God incarnate as Water. there are 75 . the largest in India. Zoology. Epigraphy. Sittanavasal: Located at a distance of 58-km from Trichy is Sittanavasal. in 1565 AD by the forces of the Deccan Sultans. Sri Ranganatha. Rock Fort Temple: The Rock Fort temple complex in Tiruchirappalli is a collection of three temples . fish. There are also inscriptions dating back to the 9th and 10th centuries. When the Chola Empire finally declined. There are many pre-historic burial sites around Sittanavasal and among the relics unearthed are burial urns. built the city and its fort. The museum is open on all days except Mondays. The Landmark Of The City: The most famous landmark of Tiruchirappalli is the Rock Fort Temple. ducks. It is famous for its Murugan temple and the Peacock sanctuary. the Uchhi Pillayar Koyil at the top of the hill and the Taayumaanavar Koyil (Shivastalam) on the hill. Rajendra I. Srirangam is also listed as one of the Nava Graha Sthalas. Kudumianmalai: Kudumianmalai temple is located at a distance of 25-km from Trichy. Viralimalai is a small town situated at a distance of 30-km from Tiruchirappalli and 40-km from Pudukkottai. are very interesting. a site of an ancient Jain monastery with fine fresco paintings in a rock cave. the abode of the Supreme Lord. which roam around the Murugan temple. The rare collections in the sections of Geology. This Shivastalam is a rock cut temple on a hill and is the most prominent landmark in Tiruchirappalli that can be reached by a flight of steps on the way to the famous Ucchi Pillayar temple. which rises abruptly from the plain to tower over the old city. The temple is named after the elephant. Sri Ranganathaswami Temple At Srirangam: Located 7-km from Trichy is Srirangam. a spectacular monument perched on a massive rocky out crop.. Historical Records. Apart from the huge Nandi. at a distance of 100-km from Trichy. cists and Kurangupatarai. as they stand today. The town is bestowed with a large number of wild peacocks. Many of them are typical of the 9th century Pandyan period and include exquisitely detailed pictures of animals. the museum is located near the Pudukkottai station. The temple of Ranganatha. Tiruchi passed into the hands of the Vijayanagar kings of Hampi and remained with them until their defeat. at a distance of 40 km from Trichy. The presiding deity is Lord Sikhagireeswara. Anthropology. Fresco paintings from the 7th century can be seen on the ceiling of the Ardhamandapam. is of particular reverence to all Hindus. It was one of the main centers around which the wars of the Carnatic were fought in the 18th century during the British-French struggle for supremacy in India. this beautiful Shiva temple steals the show from the larger Ranganathaswami temple due to its excellent architectural design. or temples representing the planets. people gathering lotuses from a pond and two dancing figures.
popularly known as "Veeramamunivar"? HOW TO GET THERE Air . and Bangalore. Kodumbalur is 36-km from Pudukkottai and 42-km from Tiruchirappalli. Kuwait and Colombo. Sharjah. It is perhaps the best architectural marvel in South India.4°C WinterMax. Kodumbalur: Also known as "Moovarkoil". The architecture of the temple is unique among south Indian temples. Nearby is the Muchukundeswarar temple of the early Chola period. Avadayar Koil: Avadayar Koil. Gajasamharamurthi Ardhanariswara. which open to convert it into an airy pavilion. Rail . Various airlines connect Tiruchi with Chennai. Vaikunta Ekadasi. The surrounding cemetery is also interesting. City bus service. known as "Prasanna Venkateswara".77. Kannyakumarai and Mangalore on the broad gauge. Constantine Joseph Beschi.Tiruchi is an important junction on the Southern Railway.some beautiful sculptures including a dancing Ganesha. It connects Chennai. Avur: Located at a distance of 30-km from Trichy is Avur. Of the three shrines of Moovarkoil only two exist now. are interesting masterpieces of art. Gunaseelam: Located at a distance of 22-km from Trichy is Gunaseelam. The sculptural work of the temple is exquisite. Boodhi Vikramakesari built these temples in the 10th century AD. Gangadaramurthi. Road . 31.6°C Rainfall: 835 mm NEARBY CITIES Dindigul . John's Church: Built in1812. tourist taxis. Madurai. etc. Coimbatore.3°C Min. a lion-headed well and a stunning piece depicting Rajendra being crowned by Lord Shiva and Parvati. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 23. a place famous for the ancient church built by the famous Catholic Missionary.26-sq-kms Population: 7. St. Mysore. The sculptures of Kalarimurthi.Tiruchirappalli has an airport (5-km) from the city. Garuda Seva. John's Church has louver doors. who were related to the Cholas. Elakurichi: At a distance of 65-km from Trichy is Elakurichi. Tirupati. a place famous for its temple for Lord Vishnu. Mohini Alangaram. previously known as "Thiruperunthurai".93-km Karur . auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available for local transportation.69-km 76 . Tuticorin and Rameshwaram on the meter gauge. is an important Shivasthala located at a distance of 8 miles from the Arantangi railway station and about 94-km from Trichy. Thanjavur. which is famous for an old church constructed by Father John Venantius Bouchet. Flower Festival and the Car Festival (DecemberJanuary) are the other main festivals celebrated at Srirangam.Tiruchi is well connected by road with important places of South India. Kochi. It was formerly the seat of Irukkuvelirs.1°C Min. FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: The Float Festival celebrated during the months of MarchApril at the Rock Fort Temple draws crowds in huge numbers.890 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 10o 16' to 11o22' Longitude: E 78o 15' to 79o 16' Altitude: 78 meters Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and English Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax. 20. St. 37. 26.
The image above is that of the approach to the Tamrasabha.e. hills of the Western Ghats ranging from 1. The locality's chief large-scale industry is cotton milling. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Kanthimathi . slightly upstream from the city of Palayankottai (Palamcottah). The Name Of The City: The city is surrounded on all sides by paddy fields and earlier the city was called as 'Nelveli' i. Tamil Nadu Earlier Called As: Nelveli Important City Have: Pandya Kingdom An Industrial City Specialized In: The Manufacture Of Textiles. the East India Company was frequently at war with the Poligars on behalf of the Carnatic Nawab in Tirunelveli and Madurai. Tirunelveli was a commercial center during the Pandya dynasty. and Veli ("fence")) referring to a legend that the god Shiva protected a devotee's rice cro Visit Tamil Nadu The History: The history of Tirunelveli district is bound up with that of the Pandya dynasty just like Madurai and Ramanathapuram areas. Rare Jewels. Before the establishment of British rule. With the fall of Tipu in 1799. In Tirunelveli District. the town around the temple was called Tiru-nel-veli (derived from the Tamil words Tiru ("holy"). The southern side is bounded by the Gulf of Mannar. it has motor workshops too. During the latter half of the 18th century. The Nawab was pensioned off and the management of the revenues of Tirunelveli was taken over by the British in 1801 under a treaty. After the British rule began in 1801. it was an important city of the Pandya Kingdom as it served as their capital for sometime. The Tambraparni provides irrigation water for crops of rice and cotton. and jewellery. With electricity supplied from the Papanasam dam on the Tambraparni River. Even earlier. a city of cultural tradition lies in the fertile alluvial valley of the Thamirabarani River. the Golden Lily Tank. It is one of the most beautiful temples in India and is hailed as one of the 5 Pancha Sabhas of Nataraja housing Tamra Sabha (the copper hall) . In the west. Nel ("paddy"). At about this time. The City Of Tirunelveli: Tirunelveli. cigars. Paddy-Hedge.a beautiful hall with exquisite woodwork. Swaraj movement was started and a number of prominent persons of this district fought against the British and clamoured for independence of the country. Tirunelveli and Tuticorin. British concentrated their force in the south and suppressed the Poligars. on the east by Tuticorin district and Travancore areas of Kerala State and Kanyakumari district on the west.37-km Thanjavur .50-km TIRUNELVELI Location: On the Banks of the River Thamirabarani.. where Nataraja is worshipped during Arudra Darisanam. Musical 77 . Tirunelveli is now an industrial city specialized in the manufacture of textiles. Thamirabarani River rises in the Western Ghats mountain range and flows eastwards to eventually empty into the Gulf of Mannar. Cigars And Jewellery The district of Tirunelveli is bounded on the north by Virudunagar district.Manapparai . the Portuguese and Dutch occupied Tuticorin and other port areas. with the Sandana Sabhapathi shrine behind the dance hall.000 meters form the dominant boundary. Tirunelveli is the district headquarters of the district of the same name. Next to Madurai.000 to 2. the Nawab of Carnatic became powerless and left the management of the territory to the British. a pre-historic race is said to have occupied this land. Since the temple in the town is dedicated to Lord Shiva.48-km Pudukkottai . In the year 1986 the district was divided into two parts namely.Nellaiyapper Temple: Kanthimathi . Thus the British rule started which lasted till 1947.Nellaiyapper Temple is a Shivastalam with sprawling Mandapams decked with life-sized images situated in the town of Tirunelveli.
Among twelve Alwars of Vaishavism. For going to Shengaltheri prior permission has to be obtained from Deputy Director of Wildlife-Ambasamudram. This area comes under Kalakadu Wild Life sanctuary. a 17th century freedom fighter. four Alwars had sung the glory of the Lord at Thirukurangudi and Malai Nambi Koil. Pathamadai: Pathamadai is situated at a distance of 13-km from Tirunelveli. It is a place. It is believed that St. the home of the Patriot Veerpandiya Kattabomman. except the absence of Elephant and the Gaur. The Government of Tamil Nadu constructed the Kattabomman Memorial Fort in 1974. Kalakadu Wildlife Sanctuary. It is the birthplace of Swami Sivanandha of Rishikesh. Agasthiyar Temple And Falls: This Temple adjoining the falls named Agasthiyar falls is located half way to Panatheertham. 48-km from Tirunelveli. Mundandurai and Kalakadu wild life sanctuary. Courtallam: Located at a distance of 59-km from Tirunelveli. Tuticorin: Tuticorin. The city burst's with people during the Car festival and 'Adithabasu Vizha' in June-July. Thirukurangudi Alwar attained the feet of the Lord from this place. There is nothing to differentiate this sanctuary from that of Kalakadu. and water falls. is the district head quarters of the district of the same name. Panchalankurichi: Just 3-km from Ottappidaram and 68-km from Tirunelveli is Panchalankurichi. Sankarankovil: Situated 56-km from Tirunelveli. Kunthakulam is a small and natural scenic village. located in the Western Ghats in Tirunelveli district is 52-km south of Tirunelveli. Papanasam: Papanasam is a small village located at a distance of 60-km from Tirunelveli. the hall of thousand pillars and abundance of sculptures in stone and in mortar are worth seeing. Thirukkurangudi: Thirukkurangudi. Francis Xavier lived in this cave and preached the gospel to the fisherman during the early 14th century.Mundanthurai Tiger Sanctuary: 47-km from Tirunelveli. During the season January to April every year more than 10 thousand birds from various countries like 78 . It is famous for its season and the beautiful waterfalls. while the original fort now in ruins is under the protection of the Archaeological Survey of India. Manappad Church: Manappad. It is a small town but has very good cottage industry. which is situated at a distance of 68-km from Tirunelveli. 71-km from Tirunelveli is a remote village and an important place for Christians. One can see the beautiful Korai mat-manufacturing unit. where the river Thamirabarani flowing from the Western Ghats reaches its plains and drops to form a small waterfall. It is one of the major ports in the country and was at one time known for its pearls and was one of the most prosperous cities on the Fisheries Coast. It is one of the 108 divine Vaishnavite shrines. Shengaltheri: Shengaltheri. which is at a distance of 4-km from the Papanasam Shiva Temple. is located in Kalakadu Mountain area. Courtallam is the main place of tourist importance of the district of Tirunelveli. Also near the fort is a cemetery of British soldiers and the Jakkammal Temple dedicated to the family deity of Kattabomman. It is believed that people who bathe in this waterfall are relieved of all sins as Papanasam means absolution of sins. This place is a very famous picnic spot and also popular for its natural beauty and lovely climate. the Kalakadu wildlife sanctuary is very popular with botanists and ornithologists as it has a great variety of fauna and bird life. which lead to the origin of Catholicism in South India.Pillars. Sankarankovil is famous for the Sankara Narayan Temple. Situated closely is the Mundanthurai wildlife sanctuary that boasts of dry deciduous to tropical wet evergreen forest patches of pure reeds. Kunthakulam Bird Sanctuary: Kunthakulam bird sanctuary is situated 33-km south of Tirunelveli in Nanguneri Taluk (also spelt as Taluka). which is covered with natural forests and ponds.
GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 87. There are bus services to Chennai. Trichy. Australia migrate here and when the season is over the birds return. Coimbatore. Fairs and Festivals: "Kodaivizha" popularly known as "Kodal". Ettaiyapuram: Ettaiyapuram. Ovari: Ovari. Ariyakulam. Tenkasi: Tenkasi meaning 'Kasi of the South' is located at a distance of 58-km from Tirunelveli. Kazhugumalai: Kazhugumalai. 13-km east of Tirunelveli has another bird sanctuary.000 people come here and enjoy. For local transportation taxis and auto rickshaws are available.8ºC Rainfall: 811mm NEARBY CITIES Kalakkadu . located 74-km from Tirunelveli. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Madurai. a village 72-km from Tirunelveli is located on the seashore of Bay of Bengal.126-km Sivagiri .55-km Nagercoil .6-km Sankaran Kovil .113-km Tenkasi . USA. Every day more than 5. is worth visiting for the beautiful temple of Lord Muruga. Myanmar. etc. His home has now been converted into a memorial. There is a beautiful Shiva temple here. 76-km from Tirunelveli has Jain temples that are the oldest in the country and are of great importance to the Jains. The rock-cut cave temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is also worth visiting.27-km Tuticorin . is the famous festival celebrated in Tirunelveli district. Nadar Ovari is very famous for the ancient temple of Swayambulingaswami (Shiva Temple). who is ranked as the best Tamil poets of modern era. Kanyakumari. The festival is intended for the propitiation of village deities. There is no particular day for this festival.6ºC.6ºC Winter Max 21.8ºC. Rail: Tirunelveli is an important railway junction on the southern railway and is connected to all major cities of South India. 72-km from Tirunelveli is the birthplace of the great revolutionary poet Subramanya Bharathi.150-km 79 . Road: a good network of roads serves Tirunelveli. after the 15th January and is celebrated throughout the district.km Population: 79.e. Min 25. SriLanka. Car festival of the Tirunelveli Kanthimathi . 151-km away.64 sq. which has a flagstaff that is 400 years old and beautifully sculptured.810 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 8 o 4' to 9o 27' Longitude: E 77o 06' to 78o 0' Altitude: 100 m Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and Telugu Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): Summer Max 34. It usually commences from the month of "Thai" i.Pakistan. Bharathar Ovari is a Roman Catholic center where one can visit an ancient church and also modern church (the structure is just like an airplane). Madurai. Min 17.119-km Virudunagar .Nellaiyapper temple attract large number of devotees. which is situated on the top of a hillock.3. The bas-relief sculptures found here are the contribution of Jains and are among the earliest of such works. Thirumalai At Panpozhil: Thirumalai at Panpozhil.
The "Shadkona Padakkam" or the hexagonal medallion adorning the image of Skanda is decorated with green stones and is of great beauty. The tank at Tiruttani. On the outskirts of the Tiruttani town. there is Surya puja every year for three days in March when the rising sun is said to worship Lord Subramanya by casting its rays upon the holy Feet of the deity on the first day. The hill temple (the hill is called Tanikai hill) here is reached by a motorable road. The same legend is associated with Velimalai in Kanyakumari district. There is a shrine to Aabat Sahaaya Vinayakar who is said to have come to the aid of Skanda in winning Valli's hand in marriage. and along with her presented his elephant Airavatam as part of his dowry offering. the Seven Rishis (who today form the Great Bear stellar constellation) are said to have worshipped Lord Muruga (Lord Subramanya) and the Sapta Kannikas (Seven Virgins) enshrined at this place in a tiny temple. The Vijayanagar rulers and local chieftains and Zamindars have patronized it. Tamil Nadu Deity Worshipped: Lord Subramanya Significance: One Of The Six Padai Veedu Shrines Of Skanda Festivals Celebrated: December 31st Step Festival And The Aadi Krittikai Festival in July-August Tiruttani constitutes one of the 6-padai veedu shrines of Skanda (Lord Subramanya). Breast on the second day and Head on the third day through a hole in the wall. The processional image of Skanda is housed in a Rudraksha Vimanam with his consorts. Tiruttani is said to be the place where the Lord Subramanya married Valli one of his two consorts. Arumuga Swami and Veerateeswarar. This sacred place is on the Chennai-Mumbai route. In the temple of Arumuga Swami. History Of The Temple: The origins of this temple are buried in antiquity. About The Temple: The beautiful temple of Lord Muruga at Tiruttani crowns a single rock 700 feet above sea level. Legend also has it that Indra the king of the Gods gave his daughter Deivayanai in marriage to Skanda. which reveals the marvelous intellect of the architects of ancient days. and is also accessed through a flight of 365 steps. SPECIALITIES OF TIRUTTANI Saravana Poikai: The sacred tanks of the shrines of the Lord are all known as "Saravanapoikai" (sacred pond of the reedy marsh where Lord Kartikeya was born). Upon Airavatam's departure Indra found his wealth waning. It is situated amidst a range of hills with a dramatic panoramic view. which (unlike in other places) is at the very foot of the hill. the latter two of which are more than a thousand years old. Also of significance here is a golden Vilva garland. 13 kilometers from Arkonam and 84 kilometers from Chennai. and it represents the site where Subramanya stayed after destroying the demon Surapadman. are the ancient temples of Lord Vijayaragama Swami. 80 . Sapta Rishi Teertham: At the lovely garden on the south side of this sacred hill amidst a thick cluster of shady trees and seven cool sprints. It has 4 Prakarams and a series of towers. as it is rich in minerals such as sulfur. on both sides of the Nandi River. iron. Legends Connected With The Temple: Legend has it that Subramanya married Valli who hailed from the Vallimalai hills nearby. Nakkeerar has mentioned Tiruttani in the Sangam period work Tirumurugaatruppadai composed. A bath in this holy tank refreshes the devotee and makes him hale and healthy.Tiruttani Location: Near Vallimalai Hills. etc. is particularly renowned for its sacred water (Teertham) having curative effect for ailments both bodily and mental.
Lord Brahma propitiated the Lord here at the holy spring (by the sides of the steps to the shrine) known as "Brahmasonai" after his imprisonment by the Lord for his failure to explain the Pranava ('Om' mantra) and got back his creative function of which he was deprived by the Lord due to his egotistic impudence in neglecting to worship Lord Subrahmanya on his way to Mount Kailasa to worship Lord Shiva. Tiruttani ranks prominent as the crown jewel of the Lord.Subramanya is said to have offered to return the white elephant. In Treta Yuga. He also compared this hill to Shivaloka (Bhuloka) and as the very soul of the world. In reply. and insisted that the elephant face his direction. Lord Rama. Who appeared before the saint in the mirror of his puja room at Chennai after which the sour-stirring arutpa songs flowed from his lips in chaste Tamil like a torrential stream. the Lord said that if one worshipped Him with heart and soul for five consecutive days in this hill temple. He blesses us with mental peace and bodily happiness. As its very name indicates. after putting an end to Ravana. She implored Him to enlighten Her on the importance and greatness of this hill. praised this hill as the chosen place for worship by devas and the favorite abode of saints performing prolonged tapas (austerities). Legend also has it that Skanda bore the discus thrown by the demon Tarakasuran on his chest. who lived 200 years ago (one of the trinity of Karnatic music) had his inspiration in Tiruttani when the Lord (in the guise of an old man) met him 81 . In Dwapara Yuga. Arjuna got the blessings of the Lord here by offering prayers to Him on his way to the South for Teertha Yatra (pilgrimage to take sacred immersion). Lord Vishnu prayed to the Lord at this place and got back His powerful Chakra (sacred wheel). When the Lord came to this hill after wedding Goddess Valli at Vallimalai. Saint Arunagirinathar. was invited to come here by the Lord. Padmaneeti. got back the precious wealth of Deva Loka such as Sanghaneeti. Literary Importance of Tiruttani: Apart from the puranic greatness of Tiruttani. the illustrious devotee of Lord Muruga who lived 600 years ago. who lived 150 years ago. Saint Ramalinga Swamigal (Arutprakasa Vallalar). Lord Indra planted and reared in the pool known as "Indrasonai" adjoining this hill temple the rare plant known as "Karunkuvalai". The sandal paste made on this stone is applied to the image of Subramanya and the applied paste is said to acquire medicinal value. Legend also has it that Skanda gifted the discus to Vishnu. and hence there is a hollow in the chest region of the image of Subramanya in this temple. brother of Soorapadma. when we propitiate the Lord in this holy shrine. As the prayers and desires of the devotees who worship Lord Subramanya on this hill with faith and intense devotion are fulfilled in no time. however Indra bound by protocol refused to accept a gift that he had made. Sri Muttuswami Deekshitar. Gnanamurthy and Acharyamurthy in this shrine. which were forcibly seized from Him by Tarakasura. Puranic Importance of Tiruttani: Of Lord Murugan's six padai veedus. Chintamani etc seized by the Asura Titan. His righteous indignation towards the Asuras for their cruelty is said to have been quelled and cooled at this place and is therefore known as "Shantipuri" (Abode of Peace). this hill is also called "Chanikasalam". hence the image of the elephant in this temple also faces the east. Another legend has it that Indra presented a sandal stone as a part of his daughter's dowry. Shanku (sacred conch). which gave three flowers a day and worshipped the Lord thrice daily with these flowers and. that person would be blessed with all that is best in this life and hereafter. Legend also has it that Skanda imparted knowledge of Tamil to the sage Agasthyar and he is regarded as Veeramurthy. at whose request Rama came to Tiruttani and found perfect peace of mind by worshipping Lord Subrahmanya here. worshipped Lord Shiva at Rameshwaram. thus.
Tuticorin was at one time known for its pearls and was one of the most prosperous cities on the Fisheries Coast (It is a major pearl fishing center with Hyderabad now taking over as the center of the artificial pearl industry in the south). Besides the monthly Krittikais. The streets are thronged to the full. the two outstanding annual festivals are the Aadi Krittikai and the 31st of December New Year Step Festival. The sight of the devotees who carry them. THE HISTORY OF TUTICORIN: The district of Thoothukudi (presently Tuticorin) was carved out as a separate district in the year 1986 as a result of bifurcation of Tirunelveli 82 . Road: Several buses ply between Tiruttani and Chennai (86-km) and between Tiruttani and Tirupati (66-km). The gold and silver peacock Vahanams (also spelt as Vahanas) are of great beauty here. at the stroke of midnight on December 31st each year). Tuticorin. Many a miraculous event takes place at this shrine from time to time by the grace of the Lord. during which Valli Kalyanam is celebrated on the 8th day. Festival Celebrated: Four worship services are offered each day here. lakhs of devotees are present on the sacred Tanikai hill to have the Darshan of there Lord. the popular and renowned pilgrimage center. Other festivals celebrated are the Bhramotsavam in the month of Maasi. December 31st Step Festival: When the old (Gregorian) year is rung out and the New Year sets in (i. Sholingar and Vallimalai on the West. now better known for its fertilizer and heavy water plants. as well as its thermal power station is also a major salt production center. Rail: Tiruttani is situated on the Chennai-Renugunta railway line. One should see it to believe it. TUTICORIN Location: Tuticorin District. Nearby Attractions: Around Tiruttani is famous religious places such as Kanchipuram (Banares of the South) on the South. Aadi Krittikai: Aadi Krittikai festival (in July-August) lasts for three days with Float Festival when lakhs and lakhs of devotees come to this holy place from far and near. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Tirunelveli. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Chennai (84-km). which impelled him to sing his first song on the Lord. They come to Tiruttani to offer their heart-felt prayers to the Lord on that day and night to be blessed with peace and plenty during the New Year. About one lakh and fifty thousand flower Kavadis (which increase with each year) are offered to the deity. which attract a large number of devotees to this shrine. uttering the sacred and inspiring "Haro Hara!" (Hallelujah) as they march and dance in long row touches the very core of our hearts and makes us spellbound. One of the major ports in the country.on the steps and sweetened his tongue with the prasadam of this temple. Tuticorin is the district headquarters of the district of the same name. on the east and southeast by Gulf of Mannar and on the west and southwest by the district of Tirunelveli.e. There are many trains from Chennai going via Tiruttani. Tamil Nadu Famous For: It's Port Popular Festival: Kodai Vizha Previously Called: Thoothukudi TUTICORIN -A PORT CITY OF INDIA: The district of Tuticorin (previously Thoothukudi) is situated in the extreme southeastern corner of Tamil Nadu state. and the Skanda Sashti is celebrated in the Tamil month of Aippasi. Virudunagar and Ramanathapuram. Tirupati (otherwise called Balaji) and Kalahasti (with its Vayu Lingam) on the North and Tiruvalangadu (of puranic fame) with Lord Nataraja on the East.
Tuticorin Port is well sheltered from the fury of storms and cyclonic winds. This village is of great historical importance as the great warrior Katta Bomman known as "Veerapandiya Kattabomman" raised his voice against the British regime in the 17th Century AD here. There are several literary works singing the glory of Tiruchendur. Bharathi Mani Mandapam: In memory of the National poet Subramania Bharati Kalki Krishna Murthi in Tuticorin built a memorial in the year 1945 and Mahatma Gandhi showered his blessings on the occasion of opening. A temple dedicated to Sri Devi Jakkammal is located near the fort. Ettappar at Ilasanadu collected the taxes with the help of his army. Nearby there is a cemetery of British soldiers. Maldives etc. The Basilica Of A Lady Of Snows: This Church at Tuticorin is the first one ever raised in the honour of Mother Mary on the South East Coast with its existence over 400 years (1582). Chidambaram Pillai launched the first Swadeshi ship in British India. After the rule of 150 years Ettayapuram was formed in 1565 in this place. A lighthouse was built in 1842.district of Tamil Nadu State. During the region of Pandyas at Madurai. In 1906 the great freedom fighter of India. Considering its antiquity and popularity. The natural harbour and the rich hinterland of the Tuticorin Port prompted the East India Company to plan the development of the harbour. This was latter called Ettayapuram. Tuticorin became the citadel of freedom struggle in the early 20th century. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Tuticorin Port: Tuticorin Port is situated on the East Coast of India about 540-km southwest of Chennai. When the local chiefs refused to pay the taxes to the Pandya kingdom. It finally came under the administration of the British. 83 .Mundanthurai Tiger Sanctuary: Kalakadu wildlife sanctuary is situated in an area of 223-sq-kms in the Tirunelveli district. The early years of the 19th century saw the commercial rise of Tuticorin. Kattabomman Memorial Fort: The Government of Tamil Nadu in 1974 constructed the Kattabomman Memorial Fort. Kalakadu Wildlife Sanctuary . Located in the Gulf of Mannar with Sri Lanka on the Southeast and the large landmass of India on the West. Later Pandya king appointed Ettappar as a ruler of the place. Ettaiyapuram Palace: Ettaiyapuram Palace located in the town of Ettaiyapuram in Tuticorin district is a famous tourist spot. and the coastal regions of India. It is one of the six Aarupadai veedu shrines of Murugan while the other five 'Padaiveedu' shrines are situated on hills or mounds. The hereditary Goddess of Kattabomman was Sri Devi Jakkammal. The minor Port of Tuticorin has a flourishing trade handling a variety of cargoes meant for the neighbouring countries of Sri Lanka. It was under different rulers like the Pandyas and Cholas. V. Devotees of all creeds and communities from Tamil Nadu and even from Sri Lanka visit this church. It is very popular with botanists and ornithologists as it has a great variety of fauna and bird life. Tiruchendur Temple: The Tiruchendur temple is an impressive shore temple dedicated to Lord Subramanya. Panchalankurichi: Panchalankurichi is a tiny village located 3-km from Ottapidaram and 18-km from Tuticorin. The Archaeological Survey of India protects the remnants of the old fort. people from Chadragiri near Chittoor of Andhra Pradesh were brought and posted as "watch keepers (DhisaiKavalars) of Ilasanadu". Then fell into the hands of the Portuguese and Dutch. including the foothills of the Western Ghats and the adjoining area.O. Pope John Paul II raised this Church to the status of "Basilica" in 1982 in memory of its fourth centenary celebrations. It is strategically located very close to the major International sea routes.
the highest peak being Doddabetta at a height of 2623 meters. after 15th January and is celebrated throughout the district. The festival is observed for the propitiation of village deities.2ºC WinterMax 21. 'Visakam' and 'Skanda Shastri-Surasamhara' festivals of Tiruchendur attract large number of people.e. Rail: Tuticorin has a railway station.6ºC. It usually commences from the month of 'Thai' i. The name Nilgiri was due to the blue haze.119-km Sattankulam.6.4ºC. It is situated at a distance of 105 km away from Coimbatore. which envelops the range with most distant hills of considerable size. Min 19. the capital of Nilgiri district.26-km Tiruchendur-3-km Virudanagar-108-km UDHAGAMANDALAM (OOTY) Location: Niligiri District. GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 13-sq-kms Population: 20. History Of This Beautiful Hill Resort: It is believed that the name Nila. FAIRS AND FESTIVALS: 'Kodai Vizha' popularly known as 'Kodal'. Jacome Forico. The sanctuary covers an area of 567-sq-kms. a priest was the first European who visited Nilgiris in 1603 and released his notes 84 . the King of the Hoysalas Vishnu Vardhana. by the treaty of Srirangapatnam in 1799. held by Tipu Sultan. has been in use for over 800 years since.2ºC Rainfall: 811mm NEARBY CITIES Nagercoil -122-km Kovilpatti -101-km Ramanathapuram-126-km Tirunelveli . Tamil Nadu State transport buses help in connecting Tuticorin to cities in Tamil Nadu. There is nothing to differentiate this sanctuary from that of Kalakadu. Tamil Nadu Discovered By: British In 1800 Highest Peak: Doddabetta Famous Festivals: Summer Festival And The Tea And Tourism Festival Udhagamandalam (Ooty). is popularly known as the "Queen of hill stations' among the tourist circuits. Road: Tuticorin has two bus stands. Rev. who ruled from 1104 to 1141 AD seized the Nilgiris Plateau. Old Bus stand caters the needs of both local people and outsiders. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Madurai airport is the nearest airport to Tuticorin. Min 25. except the absence of Elephant and the Gaur. but trains used for goods handling are more than passenger trains. The height of the hills in the Nilgiri range varies between 2280 and 2290 meters. Taxis and auto rickshaws are available for local transportation.000 (1991 Census) Latitude: N 8° 4' to 9° 27' Longitude: E 77° 45' to 78° 20' Clothing: Light Cottons Language Spoken: Tamil and English Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C) SummerMax 35. This Nilgiri territory came into possession of the East India Company as part of the ceded lands. While the new Bus stand caters the need of tourists only. is the famous festival celebrated in the district of Tuticorin.The Mundanthurai wildlife sanctuary also situated in Tirunelveli district boasts of dry deciduous to tropical wet evergreen forest patches of pure reeds. His general Ponisia recorded this fact in 1117 AD with mention of Todas.
when tea lovers from all over the world converge. which provides an excellent view. They sprawl over 50-acre and lie on the lower slopes of Doddabetta peak. with raised trunks. district's ecological details and representative sculptural arts and crafts of Tamil Nadu. Wishand Kindersley. which is said to be 20 million years old. A snack bar is also available. The church was built in 1829 and consecrated in 1830. which is worth visiting. the then Collector of Coimbatore. Rose Garden: Rose Garden is situated about 3 to 4-km away from Charring Cross. Settlement in Udhagamandalam began in 1822 with the construction of the Stone House by John Sullivan. the founder of Ooty. near the Ooty golf-links on the Ooty. The Tea: The establishment of numerous tea estates made Ooty famous. with a view to provide education benefits to the residing and visiting population of Nilgiris district. Government Museum: The government museum. The beam of the church was taken from the palace of Tipu Sultan at Srirangapatnam. Assistant and Second Assistant to Collector of Coimbatore visited this spot and submitted their experience report to the Collector of Coimbatore Mr. Deer Park: At a distance of 1-km from the Lake there is a Deer Park. which is the highest point in Ooty. John Sullivan. one of the most popular hill stations of India. Ooty Lake: About 1-km distance there is an artificial lake with a charming look.Mysore road. It was set up in 1989. Ooty has items of tribal objects. John Sullivan. sprawling grasslands and miles and miles of tea gardens greet the passengers on most routes. One can find a thousand different species of plants including some thirty types of eucalyptus in these gardens. the then Collector of Coimbatore. There is also a fossilized tree trunk. Hindustan Photo Films: The Hindustan Photo Films. In 1812 surveyor William Keys and Macmohan visited the top of the plateau. and there are clipped bushes in the form of elephants. St Stephens Church is said to be the oldest in the Nilgiris. The annual Tea and Tourism Festival attracts crowds in huge numbers. which is about 10-km from Ooty. 85 . which was formed in 1824 by Mr. It is surrounded by dense Sholas. In 1818. Mysore Road. Mini Garden: Mini garden is also situated on the way to the boathouse where the children amusement park is housed. Towards the eastern part of the garden there is a wooden house made of logs known as "Toda Mund". The gardens are formally laid out with lily ponds. one of the major industrial units of the district. St Stephens Church: Situated in the hilly area on Club Road. Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation Limited maintains these gardens. Doddabetta: Doddabetta is the highest peak (2623 meters) in the Nilgiris. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Botanical Gardens: Botanical gardens are a major tourist attraction for those who visit Ooty. Lofty mountains. The cemetery close by houses the grave of John Sullivan. Visit Ooty during this festival. They are spread over an area of 10 acres of land with 2000 variety of roses. It is a beautiful place lying between the junction of the Western and Eastern Ghats and offers a beautiful view of the Nilgiri hill ranges. The bungalow. which is locally called "Kal Bangla". is located about 5-km away from Ooty railway station over a sprawling area of over 300 acres.about the place and people of Nilgiris. Rose Gardens lie on the way to the boathouse. is one of the landmarks of Udhagamandalam and is now the Chamber of the Principal of the Government Arts College. Marquis of Tweeddale established these gardens in the year 1848. dense forest.
Road: A good network of roads and national highways connect Ooty with all major towns and cities. Landscaped by nature. Ooty for assistance. There are no standard rates except tourist cabs. A boathouse with restaurant and a rest house are available at Pykara. from where one can start trekking to various points within Western Ghats. 105 km from Ooty. is a beautiful peak called "Mukkurthi". Pykara falls and the reservoir attracts many tourists. which fall into Bhavani Puzha. tourist cabs. There are treks and treks in whichever direction you turn and from whichever point you start. A number of little perennial streams flow between these peaks. Town buses are also available to all-important places. connected to Mettupalayam (47 km). Trichy. Palghat. auto rickshaws are available in plenty. If necessary. Ooty. ENTERTAINMENT IN OOTY Trekking: The Nilgiris are a trekker's paradise. The Flower Show is the 86 . Bangalore. which is an added attraction for tourists. The down hills of Western Ghats on the North ends up with meeting the extensions of Eastern Ghats. Toda settlements. the hills abound in trek for lovers of nature. The Kollaribetta and Nilgiris Peak are other major peaks around. Ooty is also well connected with major cities of Kerala and Karnataka. altitudes and terrain. The Mudumalai Wildlife sanctuary has varied mixture of flat land. open grassland. And for further details contact the Tourist Information Office at Charring Cross. Kanyakumari. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary: This sanctuary is located where the Nilgiri Hills. where the sprawling Mudumalai Sanctuary lies which opens vistas for adventure tourists. is the nearest airport. The Assistance Director of Fisheries issues the fishing license. Contact the Tourist Officer. their services may be hired. undisturbed grassy meadows and also a good wildlife habitat. Summer Festivals: A summer festival is held each year during the month of May in the Botanical Gardens. Hang-Gliding: Hang-gliding courses are also organized during March to May every year. Tirupati and other important destinations in South India. HOW TO GET THERE Air: Coimbatore. Local Transport: Taxis. Rail: Ooty is on the narrow gauge railway. There are regular bus services to and from Coimbatore. which is a feast to the visitor's eye. Calicut. Pykara: Pykara is situated about 21-km from Ooty. There are guides who have sound knowledge of certain areas.The Mukkurthi Peak And National Park: About 40-km from Ooty. the offshoot of the Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats. Udhagamandalam (Ooty) offers several trek routes. Some of the tourist attractions of this place are well-protected fenced sholas. Carp and mixed water fishing is possible in various streams and lakes of Ooty. Madurai. which is directly connected to Coimbatore and Chennai. The famous toy train connects Ooty with Mettupalayam and Coonoor. valley and nullas. Trekking pamphlets are available with the Nilgiri Wildlife and Environment Association (NWLEA). Mysore. with the assistance of the Department of Tourism. Conducted sight seeing the private operators and the Government Tourism Development Corporation arrange tours. Silent Vally is located on the Western side in the Western Ghat. The Mukkurthi National Park is located on the Southern corner of the Nilgiri Plateau. Best Time To Visit: The climate of Ooty is pleasant throughout the year. There is a base camp at Parsons valley. excitement and adventure and a way of seeing and enjoying nature in all its beauty and splendour. A trek can be full of thrill. Angling: Goad Trout. which vary in distance. swamp. The Pykara Dam. The best time to visit is between February to May and September to November.
got caught in a massive storm in the Indian Ocean. At the end of the 16th century. Cultural programs are organized for those interested in traditional classical arts. The shrine is dedicated to Our Lady of Health. every year a fascinating festival is held here.623 meters Clothing Light woolen in summer and heavy woolen during winter Languages Spoken Tamil. To commemorate the miraculous escape of the Portuguese sailors. his pitcher kept filling up with milk. Adventure spots like trekking also form part of the festival. in front of a lame boy. Legend Connected Behind The Construction Of The Church: It is here that in 1560. Ever since the sailors were saved three centuries ago. On 8th September 1869. after performing the good deed. but also returned year after year. Kannada and English Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 25ºC. Tamil Nadu Also Known: Sacred Arockia Madha Church Dedicated To: Our Lady Of Health Important Festival: Velankanni Festival Celebrated Annually From 29th August to 8th September Velankanni (also spelt Velangani) also known as the "Mecca of South Asian Christianity" is located 12 km south of Nagapattinam. This occasioned the construction of an actual church. the Madonna of Velankanni and is popularly called as 'Sacred Arockia Madha Church' and people of all faiths and religions visit it. by 87 . The Outstanding Feature Of The Shrine: The outstanding feature of the shrine is the miracle angle attached to it. prayed to Virgin Mary to rescue them. There is a small church museum which has a display of the offerings made by those whose prayers were conceded. vowed to build a great shrine for the Virgin Mary. who in the 18th century. bringing from their trips. When the shepherd returned to his master. regained the use of his limbs. Min 5ºC Rainfall 121 CMS Velankanni Location: 12-km South Of Nagapattinam. their wrecked ship was deposited on the shores of Velankanni. Virgin Mary is said to have appeared to a shepherd.pride of the festival. The legends that go behind the construction of this Church are many-the most famous being that of the ship-wrecked Portuguese sailors. for saving their lives in a terrible storm. on the Coromandel Coast. Tea And Tourism Festival: The annual "Tea and Tourism Festival" celebrated in the month of January is a draw for tourists. a Portuguese ship sailing from Macao to Goa. The Portuguese annexed the area and brought it under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Mylapore. in Tamil Nadu. About The Church: The church has an imposing facade with tall spires and the wings present the shape of a cross. The sailors not only built a Basilica in Velankanni. In a niche in the alter is enshrined the statue of Our Lady of Health. Some time later.1763 (1991 Census) Altitude 2. a small thatched chapel was built at the site. Virgin Mary materialized again. Malayalam. asking him for milk to quench the thirst of baby Jesus. promising to build her a magnificent church if she did so. Consequently. Min 10ºC WinterMax 21ºC. exquisite items to decorate the church. GENERAL INFORMATION Area 36-sq-kms Population 8. Many bring with them small gold and silver replicas of parts of the body to donate to the church. who. The sailors. after the divine visitation.
Buses and trains frequently run from Nagapattinam. 88 . On the west are the districts of Dharmapuri and Chittoor (Andhra Pradesh) while Kanchipuram. VELLORE Location: Vellore District. Tiruvallur and Tiruvannamalai districts are in its eastern boundary. Tamil Nadu Lies Along: Palar River Renowned For: Christian Medical College And Hospital. which are in an excellent state of preservation and worth visiting. It can be accessed from Trichy.dint of their prayers. In case of the ailment getting cured. which attracts patients and research scholars from all corners. Rashtrakutas. the Thanjavur ruler. a liver in case of jaundice. Festival Celebrated: Every year a fascinating festival (29th August to 8th September) is held and pilgrims from all over the country and even abroad flock to the site. From the earliest times for which evidence is available the district formed part of the Pallava kingdom during the close of the 9th century AD. The Muslim rulers of Deccan overthrew the last ruling kings of the Vijayanagar dynasty. Trichy and Thanjavur. The decisive battle of Talikotta in 1565 brought the region under the sway of the Sultans of Bijapur and Golconda. administrative and medical center. Chola. have their heads shaved. French. bathe religiously in the sea. Vellore is now pursuing with activity as a commercial. the Virgin Mary and the church are to be thanked by offering a solid silver replica of the part of the body that has been cured. it is noteworthy only for the Vijayanagar fort and its temple. Madurai. For tourists. the district came under the rule of Cholas. the Nawab had assigned the revenues of the Carnatic to the East India Company and North Arcot then came under their management. Kanchipuram in Chengalpattu district was then the capital of the Pallavas. Chennai. southwest of Chennai. Sultans Of Bijapur And Golconda. lending a unique Indian touch to the entire ceremony. (the hair later being auctioned by the priests). Velankanni has acquired a formidable reputation of curing sicknesses and maladies. the Rashtrakutas. HOW TO GET THERE Velankanni. 'Lourdes of the East'. an important tourist place is easily accessible. Headquarters of this district is Vellore. Vellore Fort Was The Seat Of: Pallava. The people who come here from all over India for medical care gives this humble town a cosmopolitan feels. Rajaraja and the Hindu rulers of Vijayanagar. and Muslim Rulers Of Deccan. yellow lungs in case of tuberculosis and so on. Vellore district is in the inland region and is of irregular shape. Vellore is renowned for a Christian Medical College and Hospital. During the 18th century. Vijayanagar Rulers. which lasted for nearly 150 years and ended in 1947 when India attained Independence. and then walk on their knees or roll up to the shrine. the French and Mughals in the district. Chennai and Thanjavur by rail. The shrine also has its share of Hindu pilgrims. Mughals And The British Vellore district is bounded on the north by the Chittoor district (Andhra Pradesh) and a portion of Tiruvallur district and on the south by the Tiruvannamalai district. The City Of Vellore: Vellore city lies along the Palar River.a red heart in case of cardiac complications. The tradition is to offer to Our Lady of Health. The History Of Vellore: The area constituting the present Vellore district is said to have formed part of the 'Tondai-mandalam region'. a candle in the shape of the respective ailment. several battles have taken place between the English. known in early South Indian history. In the succeeding periods. The region has witnessed many thrilling fights for supremacy between the local chieftains and rulers on one hand and the French and English invaders on the other. In 1781. It was then ruled by the British. Pondicherry. thus earning the sobriquet. Buses are available for Chidambaram.
A half of this jungle is cleared to serve as a tourist spot while the other half is developed as a wildlife sanctuary. it is just one km north of Vellore town at a walking distance. Sada Sriranga Maharaja. Government Museum: Situated adjacent to the main bus stand in the Lakshmanaswamy Town hall. cemetery of dead British Soldiers in Sepoy Mutiny and a museum containing sculptures and hero stones dating back to the Pallava and Chola times. which is 30 m high and seven storied is superb.PRIME ATTRACTIONS Vellore Fort: The Vellore Fort is perhaps the most beautiful specimen of military architecture in South India and it is still in a good state of preservation. The carving of roofs and pillars are wonderful examples of Vijayanagar type of sculptural architecture. Pre-history. The Murugan temple attracts tourists throughout the year. Art and Archaeology. The sculptures in the pillars and the idol lingam are very huge and enticing that they make one wonder at the artistic spirit of those artisans. is an important Shaivite town. it has a Mental Hospital and a College of Nursing. it is because of the world famous Christian Missionary Medical College and Hospital founded in the early part of the century by a dedicated American Medical Missionary. Situated on the bed of Palar River.M. Sinna Bomma Reddi a vessel chieftain under the Vijayanagar king. there are 3 churches. Javadu Hills: Jamanamarathur. the last candy Tamil ruler. The Deepam Festival in the month of Karthigai (November) is very popular and it attracts devotees in large numbers. 89 . attractive picnic spot in the Eastern Ghats is the Elagiri Hills.C.000m. To the right of the fort. carved pillars and monoliths. 40-km from Polur. Jalagampaari Falls: Jalagampaari waterfalls situated 17-km from Tirupattur in Vellore district is a fine picnic spot. It has some beautiful sculptures on the ceiling and some richly. The Gopuram of the temple. built this historical fort in the 16th century. Botany. Amirthi Forest: 24-km south of Vellore is the panoramic Amirithi forest rich in its variety of flora and fauna. These symbolic ideals are represented in Thiruvannamalai. These hills are an ideal location for a weekend where one could organize one day or two days' trekking. Muthu Mandapam (Pearl Palace): Muthu Mandapam is a memorial built around the tombstone of Vikramraja Singh. Though Hindus seek god in the form idol. It was the scene of many historic sieges and battles. 85-km south of Vellore. scenic surroundings and a quaint Murugan temple are some of the attractions of this place. There is a Murugan temple beside the waterfalls. Its altitude varies from 300 to 1. at an elevation of about 1000 meters. Besides a world famous Cancer ward and Neurological ward. the Government Museum is a multi purpose museum maintained by the Department of Museums of Tamil Nadu Government. Jalakanteshwara Temple: Jalakanteshwara temple is situated within the Vellore fort. which is famous for its sandalwood and fruit bearing trees. it is also their strong belief that god is also in the form of Light or Flame. It treasures ancient and present day articles relating to Anthropology. Thiruvannamalai: The temple town of Thiruvannamalai. The one room clinic founded in 1890 has grown in size and stature treating thousands of both inpatients and out patients in all branches of medicine and surgery. A salubrious climate. Zoology. Elagiri Hills: An isolated. Geology. is the main village in Javadu hills. etc. Hospital: If Vellore attracts a floating population of 5000 every day. where the deity is in the form of VEL (a kind of spear). C. Numismatics. Dr. Ida Scudder.
5ºC WinterMax: 27. Kanchipuram and other important towns. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is at Chennai. The highest point in Yercaud is Shevaroy temple. Although close (33-km) to the bustling industrial town of Salem.500 meters (4.122-km Dharampuri .137-km Kanchipuram .061 (1991 Census) Altitude: 204 above sea level Latitude: N 12° 30' to 13° 10' Longitude: E 78° 28' to 79° 42' Climate: Tropical Temperature Range (deg C): Summer Max 39. Yercaud got its name from the Tamil words. on the Shevaroy hills of the Eastern Ghats. Telugu and English.65-sq-kms Population: 17.Virinjipuram: This magnificent temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is famous for its devotees who throng here with ardent belief that a dream on the last Sunday of Karthigai month will reveal of their fortune of being blessed with an offspring.5. Tirupati. Yercaud is still comparatively more peaceful and cheaper than the major southern resorts of Ooty and Kodaikanal. but every year the influx from the plains is growing larger.0ºC. meaning lake and forest respectively. yeri and kaadu. The smaller cantonment station is for meter gauge and is in the south of the town (2-km).61-km Tiruttani . the first metalloid roads were 90 . Yercaud is situated at an altitude of 1. Tamil Nadu Also Called As: Ooty Of The Poor Popular For: Coffee Plantations and Orange Groves Famous Festivals: Summer Festival Yercaud is a lesser-known hill station when compared to Ooty and Kodaikanal. Yercaud is also called "Ooty of the Poor " and is known for Coffee Plantations and Orange Groves. NEARBY CITIES Chennai .31-km Tiruvallur . Ooty. Taxis and auto rickshaws are available for local transportation.326. This is the junction of the broad-gauge line from Bangalore to Chennai.0ºC Rainfall: 1053 (average) Clothing: Light Cottons Best Season: Throughout the year Language Spoken: Tamil.87-km Tiruvalmalai . Rail: Vellore's main railway station is five km north at Katpadi. which is situated at a height of 5. Road: Vellore is well connected by road with Chennai. The British discovered it in the early 19th century. Chidambaram. Bangalore. Min 29.3ºC. Min: 17. Madurai. Madurai Tiruvannamalai. 122-km away. Tiruchirappalli. and meter gauge line from Tirupati to Madurai (which runs via Tiruvannamalai. Thanjavur. Villupuram. Thanjavur and Tiruchapalli). The Lion-faced Simmakulam tank is considered to be very sacred. Yercaud has a spirited charm of its own. There are accounts of coffee plantations being introduced by a British officer in the area in the second decade of the 19th century. The lofty hills are of extraordinary scenic beauty endowed with a salubrious climate. Though first house was built in 1840.920 feet). GENERAL INFORMATION Area: 11.76-km YERCAUD Location: 33-km From Salem.
Other churches include the 100-year-old Trinity Church. Towards the extreme right in a distance one can see the Mettur Dam that generates power out of the river Kaveri. the intriguing insect-eating pitcher plant (Nepenthes Khasiana). The coffee bushes blossom in April and offer a spectacular view. Schools like the Holy Cross Novitiate House. with India's third largest orchid house (after the ones in Calcutta and Shillong). dog shows. It has over a hundred species of orchids. The climate is also particularly pleasant. Killiyur Falls: Killiyur falls. etc. at night. St Joseph's and The Retreat. there are few other parks like Lake Park. Nearby. Paddling ones for a couple or four and the other type where there is a guy rowing it for you as you relax. the Sacred Heart. Paphiopedilum Deuryi (lady's slipper orchid). which is famous for being fed by seven wells. including nearly 30 very rare ones. These include Vernonia Shevarayensis. 300 feet high waterfalls are situated amidst picturesque surroundings.m. started by the Brothers of Don Bosco. 91 . CLIMATE: The hill station is most favoured by visitors from southern states during the summer and again during autumn. This temple is of great prominence and the tribals living in these hills celebrate their annual festival in May every year. residents say with pride that they never need to use a fan. PRIME ATTRACTIONS Yercaud Lake: The Yercaud Lake with a picturesque pool surrounded by gardens and well-wooded trees are the first things that attract a visitor. Gandhi Park.m. Boating in the cold water of the lake is enhancing as well as refreshing. Anna Park: Anna Park situated near the Yercaud Lake is very beautiful. It is quite distant and worth the walk through the woods. The Servaroyan Temple: The Servaroyan temple is situated atop Servaroyan hill. Festival The summer festival has a 7-day set-up of flower shows. Lutheran. A road bound the lake and towards one end of the lake is Montfort School and towards the other end is the town. The best time to spot the river is from 3:00 p. National Orchidarium: National Orchidarium is located 2-km away from the lake. Boats come in two options. The water comes via a stream all the way from the Big Lake. followed these. and Children Park. Tourists can get a panoramic view of the Ghats and all the distant vehicles dwindling their way in and out of trees along the winding Ghat road. onwards when the sunrays reflect off the river waters. The view is spectacular particularly in the night with the twinkling lights of Salem town in sight. Holy Trinity Church: Holy Trinity Church is a century old and is beautifully maintained. Pagoda Point: Pagoda Point is also another viewpoint. One can avail the boating facilities available here. which are worth visiting. Small Lake: Small Lake is situated very close to town. The cool climate attracted Christian missionaries and they established the Sacred Heart Convent for girls and Montfort School for boys. The garden surrounding the lake is well groomed and best seen during the month of May when the Summer Festival is organized. which is worth visiting. Tourists can have a panoramic view of the plains below with the help of the telescope mounted at the Lady's Seat. Crowds flock to Yercaud during this season and hang around evening when the fair is rolling until 11:00 p. Lady's Seat: Lady's seat is one of the best views that Yercaud promises. It surely is a breath-taking view. boating races and a fair.laid only in the early 20th century.
Around April there are the pleasant showers. Other options are Coimbatore or Bangalore for convenient air connections. There are buses every half-hour from Salem. HOW TO GET THERE Air: The nearest airport is Trichy.500 meters Clothing Cottons in summer and light woolen in winter Languages Spoken Tamil and English Temperature Range (deg C): SummerMax 30ºC. 2.500 mm. hampering movement. Trivandrum and Mangalore. Coimbatore is 190-km away. Bangalore. GENERAL INFORMATION Population 3. Rail: Ideal would be to take the Yercaud Express from Chennai. Buses. both private and government-owned. Private taxis are also available.000mm. which has an international airport. Min 13ºC Rainfall 1. which starts in the month of September and ends in December. Erode. Min 16ºC WinterMax 25ºC. Yercaud is well connected by road to Trichy. The monsoon season (June-August) is not the best time to visit as it rains heavily. Road: Yercaud 30-km away and an hour's drive from Salem can also be reached by bus or taxi. all southbound trains passing via Salem stop at Salem. which bring the coffee bushes into blossom. Trains link Salem to Cochin. Best Time To Visit: The most popular seasons are February . and Coimbatore. Salem and other important points. Regular bus services ply from Chennai. ply throughout the day to Salem. Since Salem station is a junction.The climate of Yercaud is a moderate one. the hills are covered by mist and it looks beautiful. Winters are fairly mild.6863 (1991 Census) Altitude 1. 163-km from Yercaud. Maximum 92 . During winter.June and SeptemberNovember. Salem Junction is 36km away from Yercaud and Salem town is located at a distance of 33-km. They are all connected to Chennai. Madurai. while late November and December tend to be cold and misty. Minimum.
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