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A U T O M A T I C

9 - 0 - 9 V ( 5 0 0 M A ) T R A N S F O R 4M 0E 0R 7 2 3 0 V 4 0 0 7 R E L A Y N O 4007 B D 1 3 9

E M E R G E N C Y

L I G H T

1 0 0 R / 0 . 5 W

6 . 8 V / 0 . 5 W

C O M M O N N C 4 7 R / 0 . 5L WE D 1 - 6 LED1 LED2 LED3 LED4 W H I T E LED5 LED6 L E D

1 0 0 M F 2 5 V
+

6 V B A T T E R Y

This emergency light has the following two advantages: 1. It turns on automatically when the mains power fails, so you need not search it in the dark. 2. Its battery starts charging as soon as the mains resumes. Operation of the circuit is quite straight forward. Mains supply is stepped down by transformer, rectified by a full wave rectifier comprising diodes 4007 capacitor and fed to relay coil. The relay energizes to connect the battery to the charging circuit through its normally-opened (N/O) contacts. Free wheeling diode 4007 acts as a spike buster for the relay. The charging circuit is built around npn transistor BD139. The transformer output is fed to the collector of transistor, which provides a fixed bias voltage of 6.8V to charge the battery. When the battery is fully charge, the battery voltage becomes equal to the breakdown voltage of the Zenerdiode. Zenerdiode conducts to provide an alternative path for the current to ground and battery charging stops. When mains fail, relay de-energizes. The battery now gets connected to the white LED array (comprising LED1 through LED 6) through current limiting resistor 47R. The LEDs glow to light up the room. To increase the brightness in your room, you can increase the number of white LEDs after reducing the value of resistor 47R and also use a reflector assembly.