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Muay Thi - mn v git ngi

Muay Thi c xem l mn th thao quc gia chnh thc ca dn tc vn rt hin ha Thi Lan, v c bit n vi tn Quyn t do Thi, mn v c xem l v cng thc dng trong li nh t do rt tn bo, c lit d dn v rt th bo hn mi mn v thun cng nht ca Chu. Muay Thi xut x t mn Krabi Krabong, mt mn v thut ca t Xim (SIAM, Tn c ca Thi Lan) thi xa xa vi mn v chin u ca qun lnh hong gia vi kim tay phi, qua thi gian bin i vi k thut chin u bng sng n tinh vi ca Ty phng du nhp vo t Thi, ngh thut chin u bng kim khng cn nhu cu cn thit tp luyn trong qun i na, mn v thut dn dn bin i v tr thnh mn v quen thuc trong dn chng, c gi thnh 1 b mn th thao chin u, v tr thnh 1 nim t ho ca ngi dn Thi. Trong qu kh mn quyn thut Muay Thi tng c dng lm mn gii tr yu chung ca bit bao triu i Hong gia Thi Lan, si ng hn na cc v s dng nhng loi bao tay cun bng da nga c buc bng dy gai, trn chung vi mnh vn thy tinh cho trn u mu me hp dn hn, kt qu cng thm khc bao nhiu th k chin thng cng c tn vinh by nhiu. Lch S ca Muay Thi bt u vo khong nm 1774, mt nh quyn thut ca phi Muay Boran (hu thn ca Muay Thi hin i) ni ting ca Thi l Nai Khanomtom, khng may anh ta b qun xm lng Min in bt cng nhiu t nhn khc sau trn tht th m mu ca th Ayutthaya thi by gi. Nai Khanomtom b bt v a v th Rangoon, Min in. Trong mt bui tic n mng chin thng ca mnh, nh vua Min mun c thy v thut Thi Lan giao u cng cc mn v c truyn ca nuc mnh, vi mun khoe nn v thut cc thnh bt bi ca Min in. Bit c t binh Nai Khanomtom l mt cao th ca quyn Thi, nh vua quyt nh h nhc anh bng cch bt phi giao u vi v ch Min ang c mt. Trc khi vo cuc u Nai Khanomtom xin c dng iu ma Wai Kru (Ram Muay) c trng ca quyn thut Thi biu din trc khi chin u. Nh iu ma y huyn hoc m cc thn linh ca t tin Thi gip cho Nai Khanomtom lm m mt i th v bp cao th t Min trc mt nh vua mt cch d dng. Vi lng ho thng v lm nhc quyn thut Thi, nh Vua Min ra lnh cho Nai Khanomtom phi u thm vi 9 v s Min nu mun c sng v s t do. Khng c chn la no khc no ngoi vic phi chp nhn chin u thm 9 trn tip theo, m trn cui cng l mt v s danh ting nht ca Min in. Cui cng bng tt c quyt tm v ngh lc Nai Khanomtom nh gc tt c 10 cao th Min bng ton k thut chn truyn c trng ca v Thi. Nh Vua Min phi ngm ngi tht ln: Mi n th ca v Thi cha y nc c, ch vi tay khng m nh gc ng 10 cao th ca ta, ch v nh vua ngi khng tt mi mt nc, nu nh vua ngi tt th

khng cch no m ta c th ly c thnh ph Ayutthaya. V mn chung ti nng ca Nai Khanomtom nh vua ra lnh ban cho anh ta 2 la chn: c sng giu sang sut i hay l c ci 2 c v xinh p ngi Min, sau mt hi suy ngh n o, Nai Khanomtom tha rng: -Tha b h, tin l vt d kim, ti xin nhn ngi p. Nh vua lin cho anh ta 2 c v v th t do cho quay v c quc vi tt c t binh Thi khc. k nim v vinh danh mn quyn Muay Thi, Hong gia Thi Lan ly ngy 17 Thng 3 hng nm lm Ngy V S hay cn gi l Ngy Quyn thut quc gia cho c nc ghi n. Muay Thi vi li k thut chin u v cng mnh bo, cn c gi l Ngh thut bt chi, tc l chin u bng tay, chn, ci ch, u gi, vi nguyn tc dt im n nhanh, p o i phng khng c c hi chng tr, khi vo trn chin, ngi v s Muay Thi khng t nan bt c mc tiu no c gng nh gc i th ngoi tr 2 ni m theo lut nh thng i ca Muay Thi cm l nh vo u hoc h b. S trng ca cc v s Thi l chuyn cn tp luyn nhng n chn nh phang thng, qut vo ng quyn i phng, khi p st hoc i phng cha kp hon hn l h ti tp cc n nh ch, gi, m loi mc, mc vo nhc im trn thn th chim u th ti a, h thng p o k thut trn e di ba, tc l nghing ngi tay phng ch vo lng i phng, ng thi ln gi ln vo bng nh a i th lm tht b bu v dao cng chm vo, hoc k thut phng ngi ln bng gi vo nhc im di cm v c i phng nhm h gc anh ta tc khc. Phng tc tp luyn ca cc v s rt n gin bng cch tp vo thn cy chui, bao ct, chy c ly di, bi li, nhy dy, tp vi cc mc tiu di ng bng cch buc tri banh trn cc si y ri lin tip luyn s chnh xc v nhanh. Khi thng i cc v s Muay Thi c trang b rt n gin, khng cu k cc trang b an ton nh lut u ca Karate hay Taekwondo m ch qun ngn, bao tay theo kiu ca quyn anh th gii, chn qun bng. Tuy nhin trn u trng l mt l, trong thc dng ca cuc sng l mt l l khc, Muay Thi l mn v thut rt mnh bo nhng vn c nhng nhc im ca n, nu gp phi mt i th thun nhu nh Judo hoc Aikido th kt qu vn cha bit u l thng bi, s thiu vng cc n vt khi p ni hoc cch dng lc qu mnh bo s d dng a n chuyn mt thng bng l mt thiu xt ln lao cho Muay Thi. ***** Trch dn: dng lc qu mnh khi trt m lm mt th qu l mt tay m. Cn nu bo thiu vt th khc g ang thm tng bc Tn Th ( nim am m ca mnh . Tn Th thin v nhanh khi tung n, Muay Thi cng vy nhng n li song hnh vi lc st thng nn mt phn cc u s khi luyn khng chuyn v tc la n nh bn Tn Th.

Mi nm hng trm tri tp luyn Thi c m ra khp ni trong nc, nhng tri ni ting c n c vi ngn ngi n c gp tin cho thy, xin 1 chn vo tp luyn, cc phng cch tp luyn y truyn thng thu ht rt ng s lng ngi yu thch mn v ny khp ni trn th gii x n Thi Lan mong c c hi tr thnh cao th ca Muay Thi. Vi gi c khng mc lm cho tp luyn v n dm nm d ti Thi, nhiu ngi ngoi quc a c mn v ca Thi lan v li nc h, gip Muay Thi mau chng tr nn mt mn hng rt hot cho cc dch v lm phim luyn tp, sch, du lch v thut, cc gii u ti a phng m tin thu nhp khng l.

Ngay t u t thp nin 90, Muay Thi c a chung v bit ting khp ni trn th gii, Muay Thi xc chng s hin hu ca mnh trong cc gii u quc t nh PRIDE Fighting Championships v Ultimate Fighting Championships. Hu ht cc v s Thi Lan lm ma lm gi trn chin i cc gii tranh ti ln, mn Quyn Anh lu i ca th gii tr thnh nhng bng m trc k thut tn bo v li chin u y ngh thut ca mn quyn Thi. Ngi Vit Nam chng ta c V S L Cung vi quyn Thi v Tn Th v thut Trung Hoa gp phn vinh quang cho cng ng ngi Vit ti Hoa K trong cc gii u y n tng k thut ca anh. Muay Thi l mt phn ti sn trong kho tng vn ho Thi lan, mt t nc an bnh khng h c chin tranh trong sut 200 nm qua. Chnh ph Thi mun bin Muay Thi nh mt hnh tng mnh m, y nng ng ca mt quc gia y tai ting l mt thin ng du lch tnh dc cho n ng ngoi quc, chnh ch tch hip hi th thao v thanh nin ca Thi Lan tng tuyn b Trong vng 20 nm ti, Muay Thi i vi thanh nin Thi lan s c bit n nh Mn v Taekwondo i vi thanh nin hn Quc.

Bt u t thp nin 90, Muay Thi c a chung khp ni trn th gii, Muay Thi xc chng s hin hu ca mnh trong cc gii u quc t nh PRIDE Fighting Championships v Ultimate Fighting Championships. Hu ht cc v s Thi Lan lm ma lm gi trn chin i cc gii tranh ti ln, mn Quyn Anh lu i ca th gii tr thnh nhng bng m trc k thut tn bo v li chin u y ngh thut ca mn quyn Thi. Muay Thi i vi nhiu ngi dn Thi Lan ngho nn l mt cu cnh v c may thay i cuc i vn khn kh trong mt quc gia ang pht trin, ch cn cht nng khiu, ti nng v s chuyn cn luyn tp, mt ngi v s c th tr nn ni ting v cuc i s bc ln mt nc thang tng lp khc trong x hi. Cuc i s nghip ca cc v s Muay Thi rt ngn ngi trong 5-10 nm quyt nh s thnh bi, hin nay gii ph n Thi ang dn dn chim c nhiu c v nng hu ca gii yu thch v thut, mc du lut truyn thng ca Muay Thi cm ph n bc ln sn u, v sn u l ni trang nghim c cc nh s Pht gio Thi Lan ban php lnh. c xong bi ny chc chn c nhiu bn tng n Thi Lan s thc mc: Ti sao 1 t nc c mnh danh l t nc ca n ci, dn Thi hin ha vi 90% ngi theo o Pht li i m cc mn v c c, tn c nh Muay Thi?. Nu khi no tm c cu tr li thch ng, xin bn cho ngi vit bit, lc ti v bn chng ta s vit mt bi mi hay hn, di hn v Muay Thi .

V Thi Lan: Muay Thai


Dn tc Thai thanh lp Nc Xim th ky 13 va Vo Xim tng bc c hinh thanh trong cac cuc chin tranh lin min sau ngay dng nc. Cach thc tn cng cua loai Vo nay bao gm dung u huc, dung ming cn, nm m, dung khuyu tay, u gi anh, moc mt cung nh dung chn a, ap... Muay Thai chinh la c hinh thanh t cac th vo noi trn. Mi trn u Muay Thai c chia lam 5 hip, mi hip 3 phut, gia cac hip nghi hai phut. Chia lam 12 hang cn. Lin oan Muay Thai Thai Lan c thanh lp nm 1970, n nay Muay Thai a c truyn ba ti cac nc chu A va chu u. Co mt s hoc gia nhn inh Muay Thai la mt loai Vo dn tc cua Thai Lan, khng co gi ang nghin cu. Th nhng bt c trng phai vo thut nao mun c tn vinh trn th gii u phai co s c ao va gia tri ring cua no. Muay Thai Thai Lan ni ting th gii, co lich s sang lan. Theo dn chng cua cac nha s hoc, ch Thai trong ting Thai co nhiu cach dich, thng dung nht co hai cach: mt la dn tc Thai hoc ngi Thai, Mua Thai tc la Vo c hu cua dn tc Thai; hai la "t do". Ch Thai mang ham y hoa binh va t do, bi vy Muay Thai cung c hiu la "Vo t do".

Hoc gia T Tung Thach tng phn tich su v ham nghia cua ch "Thai", kt lun cua ng la ch "Thai" co y la "Ban x" hoc "Ban ia. Tuy kt lun nay khng u c s phu nhn cac cach hiu khac nhng vn nhn c s ng thun cua mt s hoc gia nghin cu v dn tc Thai, bi vy Vo Thai ma ngi Thai thng noi co th la chi "Vo Ban x". Th nhng ch "Thai" lai co mt cach giai thich khac, no rt co th co ngun gc t ch Han, ng nghia vi ch "Thai", co nghia la "Thai cc", "Ti cao". Nu hiu theo nghia nay thi Vo Thai co nghia la "Vo ti cao". Theo lut phap Thai Lan, Muay Thai la mt hinh thc anh bac. Cac vo s thu tin qua vic u vo, rt ging vi choi ga va choi ca. Xet t mt khia canh khac, cac vo s qun minh vi thi u cha la ly tinh mang cua minh t trong canh bac o sao? Do o cach noi Muay Thai la anh bac cung rt hp tinh hp ly. Cn st tp Muay Thai Thai Lan rt si ng, co mt cu noi rng: mi ngi an ng co 9 ngi tp Muay Thai. Qua o cho thy Muay Thai rt thinh hanh Thai Lan. Mc du xa hi a co nhiu thay i nhng tinh thn thng vo Thai Lan lun c tn vinh, nht la khu vc nng thn, cn st tp vo vn khng h giam t xa n nay. Vao nhng ngay hi ln cua chua chin hay ngay l quan trong, Muay Thai khng nhng la mt chng trinh khng th thiu ma con c coi la quan trong nht. Ngi Thai Lan rt vui thu vi vic tp luyn Muay Thai, thng thc Muay Thai va ca cc Muay Thai. Co th noi Muay Thai la mt tro chi giai tri. Muay Thai khng nhng la vo thut ma con la mt trng phai vo c sc. Nhng vo s ky cu co th dung toan thn lam vu khi anh bai i thu. Cac vo s Thai Lan vn dung linh hoat cac ng tac, bin i thng xuyn ch khng tun theo mt qui lut nao. Co th noi Muay Thai la mt trng phai vo thut c ao, uyn thm va hoan chinh. Muay Thai co quan h mt thit vi vn hoa truyn thng cua Dn tc Thai, m a ban sc tn giao. Vi du nh phai lam l nhp mn, l thi u, l mua vo...u co bi canh ngh thut tn giao. Rt nhiu ng tac va chi tit trong ngh thut mua Thai Lan u c a vao Muay Thai. Qua o cho thy Muay Thai c coi la ngh thut dn tc Thai Lan khng phai la iu ngu nhin. V gia tri ren luyn thn th cua Muay Thai, ngoai thi u ra tp luyn Muay Thai la mt mn th thao rt b ich. Nhng ngi chinh thc tp luyn Muay Thai thng la cuc sng rt co qui lut, nghe theo li day, tun thu trinh t tp luyn, co sc khoe tt, phan ng nhanh nhen, trinh Muay Thai cung c nng cao. Bi vy Muay Thai lai la ky cng ky lut th thao nghim ngt. Muay Thai oi hoi phat trin toan din, nhng ngi tp luyn Muay Thai co th hinh cn i va ep. Cac vo s Muay Thai thng c tn vinh la nhng ngi co th hinh ep nht trong cac mn th thao.

Qua cac phn tich noi trn co th noi Muay Thai a hi tu nhiu s ep, la s uc kt cua vui chi giai tri vi vo thut, ngh thut va th thao, bi vy ngi Thai Lan rt t hao vi co Muay Thai. ung nh li nhn xet cua mt vo s ni ting Thai Lan a qua c: Muay Thai la linh hn cua Dn tc Thai Lan. Muay Thai la mt trng phai vo ni ting th gii, con c goi la "mn th thao 8 chn". Th gii cng nhn Muay Thai la khng co ich thu. Muay Thai n gian nhng thc dung, cht phac khng hao nhoang. Vi tinh thn tp luyn gian kh va qun minh a khin cho cac vo s Muay Thai la biu tng cua con ngi thep bach chin bach thng. Trong my chuc nm qua cac vo s ni ting th gii tng nhiu ln mun chinh phuc Muay Thai nhng u tht bai. Nm 1958, a-vit, ngi sang lp ra Ca-rat- cua Nht mun chng minh Ca-ra-t- la khng co ich thu a ti Thai Lan thi tai, kt qua bi cac vo s Thai Lan anh guc. Cac vo s Trung Quc sinh sng Thai Lan cung nh cac cao thu Hng Cng tng ti Thai Lan thi u, kt qua ngoai mt ngi u hoa ra toan b u thua m. Nm 1973, cac cao thu Hng Cng phi hp vi cac nha quyn anh phng Ty va Ca-ra-t- Nht a ti Thai Lan thi u nhng u thua. Trong giai u vo din ra thang 9-1980 tai Bng Cc, mt cao thu Ca-ra-t- rt ni ting Nht a bi vo s Thai Lan a gy tay bng mt pha ngoan muc. Cac vo s Thai Lan khng nhng thng xuyn t chc thi u trong nc ma con c cac cao thu i chinh phuc th gii. Nm 1977 cao thu My X-ni co trn ua tai vi vo s Thai Lan tai Lt An-gi-let, y la trn u quyt lit nht trong lich s nc My. Kt qua, X-ni a bi thng nng. Nm 1983, ngi sao vo thut My Bun-ny thi u vi vo s Thai Lan, chi mi thi u hai hip Bun-ny a bi a gy canh tay trai. Nm 1985, vo s ni ting cua Thai Lan c mi n Lat-v-gat thi u, cac vo s My va bc ln sn a phai rut lui co trt t. Thang 7-1988, i Thai Lan thi u vi i Lt An-gi-let My, kt qua thng 4 trn trong 5 trn thi u. Do Muay Thai tng nhiu ln chin thng cac cao thu trn th gii, nn lun c tn vinh trong lang vo thut th gii, c nhiu nc coi trong va c oan ti Thai Lan khao sat, hoc tp va tham khao nhng huyn bi cua Muay Thai .

Muay Thai Chaiya


Nhiu ngi vn cho l mn Muay Thai (hay Thai Boxing) v Chaiya l mt, nhng s tht hai mn ging nh anh em cng cha khc m nhng lc loi nhau t trong trng nc, mt ng ca mn Muay Thai dng trn chin trng, v o vi li nh v tn cng y bo lc, v bo, o t trong khi Chaiya chnh l mn v ca dn tc Thi t bi v bc i, k thut nhu nhuyn y tnh cng nhu.

Chnh nt c bit ny m cc v s Muay Chaiya c tnh cch cao thng v ng hn mn Muay Thai .

Vi dng lch s
Ngi Thi cho rng mn v s d c tn l Chaiya hay i lc cn gi l Muay Chaiya v n xut pht t lng Chaiya, Min Nam Thi Lan. T 400 nm trc, Thi Lan thng xuyn ng vi cc quc gia ln cn, nhng c bit hn ht mi th truyn kip ca dn Thi vi dn tc Min in lun c lch s ghi nhn l m mu nht, lu di nht. V cuc chin u thm th ngi Thi lun chun b cho mnh mt o qun c tin thn v li chin u dng mnh bt c lc no cng c th xung trn git k th, v thi hu ht nhng chin s hay nht, can m nht chnh l thanh nin lng Chaiya, mang trn mnh nhng kin thc v thut truyn thng ca lng Chaiya bo v x s. Tng truyn vo cui nm 1967, vua Ayutthaya ca Thi b thua m qun Min in, hng nghn binh lnh b Min in bt lm t binh. Trong lc cao hng v chng t mnh cao thng Vua Min in thch thc trong m t binh ca Thi c ai c th chng t v thut ca dn tc mnh hn c v thut Min in th ng ta sn sng tha ti cho v li qu hng. V s Nai Khanomtom m yu trong m t binh Thi dng chnh mn v lng Chaiya nh gc 10 v s c khi nht ca Min in, Vua Min in v uy tn ca mnh chp nhn th ng v li t Thi cng vi phn thng c php ly thm 2 c v ngi Min xinh nh mng. T y nhn dn Thi v cc triu i v sau rt trng v ngh v mn v truyn thng Chaiya c yu chung v c v luyn tp khp ni.

Nt chnh c th ca v phi Chaiya


V Chaiya ch yu l t v hn tn cng, bnh cch ly s mnh v lao ca i phng qut lm ch th mt . Quan im ca cc l v truyn thng Chaiya l dng sc mnh mt cn ca mnh, dng th ht ng sc mnh sc mnh ngn cn ca ch th. Cc v s Muay Chaiya ch trng tin thn ca ngi v s khi i din vi ch th: Tin thn thng v, bnh tnh, can m, th kn, nhm vo cc yu huyn trn mnh ich th, v dng chnh sc mnh ca i phng th thng, lm cho i phng hon ton mt thng bng, c bit im ny kh ging vi trit l cn bn ca cc mn Hip Kh o, Nhu o Nht Bn . V c bit ch thng i khi danh d b thch thc hay cn bo v truyn thng ca mn v Chaiya.

S khc nhau gia Muay Thai hay Quyn Thi vi mn Chaiya chnh l k thut cn bn v trit l ca hai mn v, V Sinh Muay Chaiya khng c php thng i v tin bc, cc cuc thi u thng l ngi trong cng mn phi vi nhau. Tuy nhin khng thiu cng chng trai v hon cnh ming cm manh o phi em mn Muay Chaiya ln v i, tuy nhin mt khi ngi v s lng Chaiya em mn v mnh lm k sinh nhai th khng bao gi anh ta c php bc chn vo v ng ca Chaiya ln no na, coi nh l hon ton on tuyt vi mn phi. Nhiu ngi vn lm ln gia hay mn Muay Thai v Muay Chaiya v h bn ng phc, trang b dng c khi tp luyn rt ging nhau, vi cc n ch, gi c lit c th ca dn tc Thi nhng mt v s Quyn Thi tht s chc chn phi nhn ra s khc bit r rng ca hai mn phi . Hin nay v phi Chaiya chn v ng Ban Tub Chang, tnh Bangkapi, pha ng Thnh ph Bangkok lm t nh chnh thc ca mn phi, vi hn gn 1000 l v chnh thc khp ni trong nc. c bit mi v ng ch thnh thc hun luyn cho 8 n 10 v s cng mt lc, cho n khi h thnh ti mi hun luyn lp khc. Thi gian hun luyn khng hn nh, lu mau ty theo cn c tng ngi, c khi n 200 tun l (khong 4 nm). Mt v s Muay thnh ti c kh nng truyn dy cho n em k tip s c xm trn tay mt hnh xm c th ca mn phi vi k hiu c bit cc ng mn khp t nc bit c mnh xut thn t l no, thy dy l ai, vai v trong mn phi, v h c th hnh din nhn ly tc hiu l Acham.

Kh ging mn v Muay Thi, cc v s Muay Chaiya ch yu dng bn chn, u gi, ci ch, nm tay v cnh bn tay. Khi u, v s Chaiya phi dng mt loi vi

gai c ch ca bn mn di khong 15 thc b quanh bn tay, bng cch nhn li b tay ngi ta c th nh gi ngay c k thut c th ca ngi v s. Trc khi ra u trng mi v s c ngi u hoc huynh trng ca mnh eo cho 1 chic khn c bit kt bng cc cy my mt tht cng un mm l Kruang Lang trn u gi cho tc gn gn khi gia u, va xem nh m l ba h mnh. V phi Chaiya khi u rt uyn chuyn, nhiu ngi vn cm thy chn khi so snh vi cc cuc u ny la y si ng ca mn Muay Thai. Tuy nhin ng nh gi vi kh nng ca cc v s Muay Chaiya, mt khi i phng b h kho n l coi nh ht ng ca quy, ch chc ch bay xung sn.

L c truyn hng nm ca Muay Chaiya


T s ca v phi Muay Chaiya gn nht l v s danh ting khp min Nam nc Thi Paramacharo Kiet Sriyaphai, ngi c cng xy dng T nh Ban Tub Chang. Hin nay ngi c chc v quan trng nht trong mn phi chnh l thn tn v hay nht ca ng l Acham Thongglaw Yarlair, ngi ang nm chc v huynh trng cao nht. Hng nm mn phi Muay Chaiya lm l Wai Kru vo thng 8 hng nm, trc ht l t lng ngng m cc v t ca mn phi, sau na l c hi tht cht tnh ng mn, l hi Wai Kru ko di hng tun, mt dp cc huynh trao i k thut, kinh nghim vi nhau tht tn tnh. Hin nay thanh nin Thi c khuynh hng theo tp Muay Chaiya, v truyn thng t xa n nay mn phi khng chp nhn dy v thut cho ph n, v s chn la mn c phn gay gt, khc khe nn khng thu ht s lng ngi tp ng bng cc mn v khc nh Muay Thai hay cc mn v truyn b t nc ngoi nh Taekwondo, Karate hay Judo ngoi nhp. Khi ni n cc mn v thut ca mnh ngi Thi thng nhc n mn Muay Thai, nhng khi ni n nn v thut c trng ca dn tc Thi Lan ngi ta vn thng cao mn Muay Chaiya nh mn v mang y du n lch s oai hng .

Krabi Krabong
Mt mn v y ho hng v si ni ca Thi Lan m hin nay rt uc nhiu ngi a chung bt ngun t cuc thi u c tnh cch truyn thng t ngn xa ca min t ny l mn v KRABI KRABONG chuyn s dng kim v gy. Ngay t ngn xa Xim ( Thi Lan ) ngi ta rt hm m nhng mn quyt u y st mu thng t chc trong dp l lt hay nhng cuc tranh ti ginh a v m nhiu khi a n t vong. Nhng trn u thng din ra gia hai i

th gp nhau ti mt khu t rng, phng phiu v mang mt ngha c tnh truyn thng : Ngi thng cuc bo v c quyn lc ca mnh v ginh ly nhng lnh a cho ring mnh. Trong trn u, hai i th thng l nhng ngi trong gii qu tc, khi tranh u thng ng thng biu dng sc mnh ca Hong triu, sn sng chin u bo v danh d v uy tn ca mnh. Ngi ta c th hy sinh c uy quyn v giu sang ca mnh cng ch v mt trn u, v k chin thng s c chim gi lun c lnh a ca ngi chin bi. Ngi chin bi chng nhng mt ht t ai, quyn hnh m cn tr thnh n l ca ngi thng cuc. Trong tinh thn th cc trn u din ra mt cch c lit, mang tnh cch st mu, v c th i n ch t vong. Ngy nay, tuy mn v bt ngun t truyn thng , nhng khng cn l nhng cuc t chin nh xa na, m ch l mt phng thc tp luyn rn luyn c th v tranh ti trong nhng dp t chc cc ngy l hay nhng cuc tranh gii khng mang tnh cht st mu na. y l mn v c Hong gia Thi thch th v cc sinh vin i hc a chung.

Nhng ng tc c bit
Theo truyn thng, u th mang trn trn mt si dy ba Mongkou tr t ma, trn tay l mt thanh kim hoc mt gy g sn sng quyt u. Khi trn u bt u, cc u th bc ti bc lui theo nhng th uyn chuyn v dn dp khin cho m hi ra thm t c b v phc. V phc c mu huyt d, tng trng cho sc mnh ho hng. Sau nhng th bc uyn chuyn ginh u th, cc binh kh bt u chm nhau, v trong nhng cuc u xa kia th n c th gy thng tch cho i th v lm i th ng gc. Ngy nay th nhng trn thi u gia hai i th ca mn v Krabi Krabong c tnh im do nhng ng tc ng chm v kh vo ngi nhng khng c gy thng tch cho i th, tuy khng em n s thng vong nhng cng rt ho hng.

Ting trng c v
Cc trn u ngy nay thng t chc trn cc sn g nh bng, chung quanh l khung cnh thin nhin vi nhng tn cy xanh khin cho u trng mang mt v va thanh thot va huyn b, chung quanh l khn gi ngi xem. Hai i th cm kim hoc cm gy trn tay, ng vo hai gc i din nhau v cch nhau t 3 n 6 thc. Trc tin, theo ng nghi l, mt i th t v kh xung bn cnh mnh ri ci thp u trong t th Wai-Khrus t lng tn knh i vi T s v cho. Trong khi th u th kia, mang tht lng xanh vng, a tay ln cao di chuyn nh nhng vo th bi T Khun-Prom. y l v iu t n ca mn phi, trc thn cng hm chng li k th tng tng. Sau ting so c thi ln nh nh, ro rt theo tng iu b ca cc u th, v trn u

bt u. Cc u th di chuyn nhanh hn vo cc th v, mi ngi u c gng biu dng tuyt k ca mnh. Bn bn chn nhp nhng theo ting trng c v ang gic gi lin hi lm rung ng c u trng. Hai v s bng nhin tr thnh hai v s biu din mt mn v dn tc c o trong cuc tranh u. Nhng thanh kim hoc nhng cy gy trong tay hai u th c s dng nhun nhuyn mau l v an vo nhau trong t th mng nhn Dern-Plaeng. C khi mt u th gi v tht th cho i th ca mnh vy cht ri bt ng xoay ngi tr li v phn cng. Ting nhc, ting trng vn lun lun vy quanh hai u th trong khi i chn ca h uyn chuyn trong cc th i ca mn v. Mt i th c th m th cng, vung kim chm x vo i phng, nhng cng c th lui vo th th ngn cc him c ca i th va tung ra. Bng nhin mt u th ginh c u th, a li kim thc mnh vo tay i th, c gng dn i phng vo th chu trn trong khi ting trng c v cng thc gic mnh hn. Trong trng hp ny, i th c th thc th chu thua, nhng cng c th phn ng li, nh bt c ngn n v nm ly c tay ngi p ch mnh, qut ngc th c, vung kim chm li. Ngi kia ch c cch quay mnh v pha sau v nm xung sn trnh kim va chm xung. Ting trng dn dp c v cho ngi thng cuc. Ngi thua cuc h to Pae trong khi ngi thng cuc h Chana.

Kh nng an ton khi thi u


Khng gii hn thi gian, trn u Krabi Krabong qu tht th thch sc chu ng do dai ca cc u th. Trn u ch kt thc khi no k bi trn tht s quy phc i phng ca mnh. Khng nh nhng th k trc y, khi m danh d, uy th v gi tr ca hai lnh a cn nng trn i vai cc nh qu tc, ngy nay cc u th ca mn v Krabi Krabong phi chng t kh nng vt bc ca h bng cch biu dng sc chu ng v k thut chin u tuyt diu ca mnh. T khi cc u th c trang b nhng dng c phng thn th vic mu b thng tch khng cn xy ra na, c chng ch l s va chm au n hoc rch qun o m thi. i khi cc u th b chu s au n do cc vt thng ni c tay, c chn hoc b qup ngn tay ci, c khi b chy mu mi, nhng khng i n trm trng hoc t vong c.

V Krabi Krabong c t bao gi ?

Lch s ca Krabi Krabong ht sc m h. Ngi ta c th tin rng khong 500 nm v trc, mn v ny c dng hun luyn cho binh s trong qun i. Ngi ta cng k rng nhng chin s ri rnh trong thi binh sng lp ra mn v ny th sc chu ng do dai, th ti xng trn, v tinh thn chin u ca ba qun. Ngy nay, mn v Krabi Krabong s dng tt c 6 loi binh kh: Kim cng Krabi (min Ty Thi), gm thp Daab, xch ba (di 2 thc), cn g (di 1m8), i song g (di 0m45) v khin da ( c). Krabi Krabong l mn v c ti 400 ngn n k thut s dng vi cc loi v kh khc nhau, ty theo tng trn u. Mt ngi mun thu thp c ht cc ngn n cn bn cng phi tri qua mt thi gian hc hi l 5 nm. S v sinh hc c cch s dng mt hay vi v kh cng rt t v Krabi Krabong i hi thi gian kh luyn kh cng phu v lu di. Lc biu din trc mt hng trm, hng ngn khn gi, ngi chuyn mn thng mang theo t nht ba loi v kh. Phn ln nhng v kh l nhng c t gi, thng ch c em ra lc biu din m thi. Loi v kh c ch to theo kiu y thng rt phc tp v ho nhong ch thch hp vi nhng bui biu din v thut mang tnh cch l nghi. Cn loi v kh dng chin u hoc hun luyn th thng c lm bng g, bng tre hay bng my.

Mn v ca gii tr thc
Ngy nay, cc v s Krabi Krabong c mi vo hun luyn cho Hong gia Thi lan v cc trng i hc hoc Trung hc. Cc trng i hc Thi thng vn t ho v i v Krabi Krabong ca mnh. Ngay nh i hc Vt L, Gio Dc Bangkok ch chuyn v khoa hc k thut cng rt a chung mn v ny. Ti cc vin i hc, cc sinh vin vn ganh ua nhau trong nhng ln biu din. Nghi thc m u trn u ho hng trong cc cuc ganh ua hay biu din din t c sc sng mnh lit ca con ngi. Cc hc sinh, sinh vin mc nhng v phc c mu sc thay i ty theo trng, rp khun theo tp qun v truyn thng sn c. Hin nay cc trn u c quy nh trong gii hn t 3(?) ti 5 pht cho mi hip u i vi nam u th. Cn vi cc n u th th trn u ch c ko di ti a 3 pht cho mi hip. Bt c ni no trn thn th cng c th b tn cng. Ch tr nhng trn u giao hu, k no phm lut cm tc l lng nhc trn u. V vy, t v bng cch s

dng ngn hu cc hoc th v quyn anh lc u th b ri kim l chuyn t khi xy ra. u th no vi phm cc iu lut quy nh cho trn u s b tr 1 im. Do u th no t li nht, t c nhng c nh p s l ngi thng cuc, ch khng nh ngy xa, phi i u th gc ng, qui hng th mi c gi l thng cuc. Qua mn v Krabi Krabong, ngi Thi th hin c lng say m mnh lit i vi thin nhin. Chnh nhng si ni mang tnh cch c th ca mn v ny lun lun nung nu trong lng ngi dn Thi. cng l nim hnh din ca dn tc Thi vy.

Muay Thi - Mt vi n gi
a. Khi ch tn cng ta bng tay : Ta li nhanh li mt bc trnh p lc trc din, nhng m ta ng c li nhiu qu s khin ch i th nh, ch cn li chn phi mt bc ngn d ch tn cng lun tay kia, khi ch va chuyn vai th ta bit hn s chi caombinations th ta nhanh nh chp bay ngay ci gi vo h b hay bng ca hn, hn va trng n bt ra th ta lm lun mt ci ch cm vo xng vai hay vo mt ca hn.... y l n nh m phn ng u cc cao th ThaiKickboxing thng dng.... Lu : Nu ch th chn phi trc th ta li chn phi, nu ch ng th chn tri trc th ta li chn tri..... b. Khi ch tn cng bng n thp : Nu ch tn cng ta bng n tay trc ri chuyn hng tn cng lun bng chn, ta cng li nhanh li nh trn, nhng khng ch cho n chn ca ch i ht , m khi chn ch ang lng chng l ta bay gi ngay ... Nh l khi bay gi, ta phi bay ci o vo cho tht mnh, cho d ch khng trng gi ca ta th cng b ta y ng nho, hay dn ch vo th b ng.... c. Khi ch tn cng ta bng gi : Nu sau khi ch m ta d cho ta li li ri bay gi th sao? Thng th h ch th chn tri trc v m ta bng tay tri trc th khong 80 % l ch s bay gi bng chn phi , ta cng li li nhng m n ngi v bn phi ca ta ( tc bn tri ca ch ), ng s c m tip theo ca tay tri, ch c dng n m tay tri d ta th thng c m ch l gi nga.... nhng t khi b trng hp ny lm... ng lo.... Khi va lch ngi sang bn phi trnh th mnh ngay c chn ca mnh vo bng ca ch, khng cn trng cng c, ch lm cho ch cong ngi li trnh, ngay lc th mnh bay ln tay chp ly u ca ch, nh gi vo ngay cm di ca ch..... Nu mnh ht x quch bay khng ni na th nh gi thp hn t cng khng sao. d. n ming tr ming :

Khi ch m ta bng tay phi, ta chu cho ch m trng nhng trc khi ch m trng ta cng nn li li t xu cho n nh ca ch gim bt sc cng ph , ng thi cng mt lc , ta cng m tr ch vo mt ngay d ch, buc ch phi thu tay tri v ch khng dm chi combinations, ch va n m ca mnh th mnh lp tc phng ngi bay ln nh gi vo cm hay ngc ca ch..... e. n st th : Khi ch tn cng ta bng c m tay tri, ta trng ngi ln di tay ch theo hng ngc li trnh n, va ln qua c tay ca ch l ta lp tc bay ln nh gi vo t, hoc n ng, mang tai, quai hm, hoc vng c.... hoc t lm th cng trng cnh sn ca ch cng c, v xung quanh sn c cc huyt o cc k nguy him c th lm cho ch b ri lon h hp v ngt i v au n .... n ny rt c, cc cao th ThaiKickBoxing u gii dng n ny.... f. Ph n nh thp : Khi ch rn tn thp xung ta c th on c l ch s tn cng ta vo h bn ca ta ..... Ta nn ch ng tn cng ch khng nn ng ch cho ch ra n.... Ta hy dng tay, dng chn nhp d cho ch i th, ch va nhch chn i th l mnh bay ci o mt cch mnh lit vo bng gi, nhm ngay cm ca ch m xa gi ti.... Phi lm cho nhanh ch trnh khng kp, thng th khi ch rn tn thp th tc di chuyn trnh n s chm hn bnh thng vi giy ng h, cho nn n ny ca mnh cho d khng nh trng cm ch th cng ht cho ch li li vi bc cho mnh chim ly thng phong ri.... Nh l bay gi, ng c di dt , v khi ch rn tn tt c nh vo gin di ca ta, ta dng chn ch l trng k ca ch ri, nu khng b ht nga cho t gy c th cng b nh b "d" ....