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Spectrometer Metals Guide

Wear Metals
Metal Reciprocating Engines Transmissions Gear Systems Hydraulics Rotary Compressors Reciprocating Compressors
Shafts, Pistons, Crossheads, Packing Glands, Gears, Housing Cast Iron, Valves Shaft Plating, Ring Plating Aluminum Oxides from Dirt (Silica), Pistons, Bearings Crossheads, Retainers Valves, Pins, Shafts, Gears

Turbines/ Centrifugal Compressors


Shafts, Gears, Bearings, Valves

Iron (Fe)

Cylinder Liners, Rings, Gears, Disks, Housing, Gears, Shafts, Gears, Crankshaft, Bearings, Brakes Bearings, Cast Iron Camshaft, Bands, Shafts Rods, Valve Train, Oil Pump Gear, Wrist Pins, Cast Iron Rings, Liners, Exhaust Roller Bearings, Valves, Shaft Plating, Needle Bearings, Stainless Steel Alloy Shafts Pistons, Thrust Bearings, Turbo Bearings, Main/Rod Bearings in Cat Engines Pumps, Thrust Washers, Casting Aluminum, Aluminum Oxides from Dirt (Silica) Contamination Roller Bearings, Needle Bearings, Shafts Pumps, Thrust Washers, Casting Aluminum, Aluminum Oxides from Dirt (Silica) Contamination Steel Alloy from Bearings, Shafts

Rods, Cylinders, Gears, Shafts, Gears, Shafts, Pistons Bearings, Casting

Chrome (Cr)

Rods, Cylinders, Shafts, Bearings Gears, Shafts, Pistons Bearings, Thrust Plates, Pistons Case Casting, Impellers/Screws

Shafts, Bearings

Aluminum (Al)

Thrust, Aluminum Oxides form Dirt (Silica), Heat Exchanger Core Shafts, Bearings

Nickel (Ni)

Alloy in Valves, Steel Alloy form Crankshaft, Camshaft, Bearings, Shafts Contaminant in Marine Bunker Fuels Main/Rod Bearings (Also look for Lead), Brass/Bronze Bushings (Also Look for Tin and/or Zinc), Oil Cooler Core Tubing Overlay metal in Main/Rod Bearings, Sometimes Solder, Aftermarket Additive Clutch Plates, Brass/ Bronze Bushings (Also Look for Tin and/or Lead & Zinc), Oil Cooler Core Tubing Clutch Plates, Brass/ Bronze Bushings (Also Look for Tin and/or Lead & Zinc)

Valves, Spools, Shafts Shafts, Bearings

Copper (Cu)

Brass/Bronze Bearings, Bushings, Bushings (Also Look Thrust Washers, Oil for Tin and/or Lead Cooler Tubing & Zinc), Cage Metal from Roller Bearings, Oil Cooler Core Tubing Brass/Bronze Bushings (Also Look for Copper, Tin & Zinc), Cage Metal from Roller Bearings, Oil Cooler Core Tubing Bearings, Bushings (Babbitt) (Also Look for Lead, Antimony & Copper) Solder from Tin-Lead Solder Bearings, Bushings (Babbitt) (Also Look for Tin, Antimony & Copper)

Bearings, Bushings, Thrust Plate, Oil Cooler Tubing

Bearings, Bushings, Thrust Washers, Oil Cooler Tubing

Bearings, Bushings, Thrust Plate, Oil Cooler Tubing

Lead (Pb)

Bearings, Bushings (Babbitt) (Also look for Tin, Antimony & Copper)

Bearings, Bushings (Babbitt) (Also look for Tin, Antimony & Copper)

Bearings, Bushings (Babbitt) (Also look for Tin, Antimony & Copper)

Tin (Sn)

Bearings (Babbitt) (Also Look for Lead, Antimony and Copper), Bronze Bushings Flashing from Pistons, Solder from Tin-Lead Solder Environmental Contaminant

Brass/Bronze Bushings (Also Look for Tin and/or Lead & Zinc)

Bearings (Babbitt) Bearings (Babbitt), (Also Look for Lead, Bushings, Solder from Antimony, Copper & Tin-Lead Solder Bronze), Bushings Flashing from Pistons, Solder form Tin-Lead Solder Alloy form Cadmium Aluminum Bearings, Environmental Contaminant Solder, Trace Element Alloy form Cadmium Aluminum Bearings, Environmental Contaminant Solder, Trace Element

Bearings, Bushings (Babbitt) (Also Look for Lead, Antimony & Copper), Flashing from Pistons, Solder from Tin-Lead Solder Alloy form Cadmium Aluminum Bearings, Environmental Contaminant Solder, Trace Element

Bearing (Babbitt), Bushings, Solder from Tin-Lead Solder

Cadmium (Cd)

Sometimes an Alloy Metal, Environmental Contaminant Trace Element in some Needle Bearings, Solder form Oil Cooler Core Joints Shafts, Gears, Bearings, Paint or Coatings Usually not found in Transmissions, Possibly Environmental Contaminant

Sometimes an Alloy Metal, Environmental Contaminant Not usually found in Gear Systems, Possibly from Solder

Alloy form Cadmium Aluminum Bearings, Environmental Contaminant Solder, Trace Element

Silver (Ag)

Silver in Wrist Pin Bushings in EMD 567 & 745 Engines, Some Solder from Cooler Core Joints Valves, Piston Pins, Bearings, Shafts Alloy Metal, Contaminant in Marine Bunker Fuels

Titanium (Ti)

Shafts, Gears, Bearings, Paint or Coatings Usually not found in Gear Systems, Possibly Environmental Contaminant

Valves, Piston Pins, Bearings, Shafts Alloy Metal

Shafts, Gears, Bearings, Paint or Coatings Alloy Metal

Valves, Piston Pins

Shafts, Gears, Bearings, Paint or Coatings Alloy Metal

Alloy Metal

Vanadium (V)

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Contaminant Metals
Metal Reciprocating Engines
Dirt (Silica), Silicone form Silicon based Synthetic, Silicone Sealants, Silicates from Anti-Freeze Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor (Coolant Leak) Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor (Coolant Leak) Additive from Potassium Borate Gear Oil

Transmissions
Dirt (Silica), Silicone form Silicon based Synthetic, Silicone Sealants, Silicates from Anti-Freeze Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor (Coolant Leak) Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor (Coolant Leak) Additive from Potassium Borate Gear Oil

Gear Systems
Dirt (Silica), Silicone form Silicon based Synthetic, Silicone Sealants, Silicates from Anti-Freeze Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor (Coolant Leak) Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor (Coolant Leak) Additive from Potassium Borate Gear Oil

Hydraulics
Dirt (Silica), Silicone form Silicon based Synthetic, Silicone Sealants, Silicates from Anti-Freeze Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor, Additive from potassium Borate Gear Oil

Rotary Compressors
Dirt (Silica), Silicone form Silicon based Synthetic, Silicone Sealants, Silicates from Anti-Freeze Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor

Reciprocating Compressors
Dirt (Silica), Silicone form Silicon based Synthetic, Silicone Sealants, Silicates from Anti-Freeze Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor

Turbines/ Centrifugal Compressors


Dirt (Silica), Silicone form Silicon based Synthetic, Silicone Sealants, Silicates from Anti-Freeze Sodium from Salt Water, Spray Wash, Anti-Freeze Inhibitor Environmental Contaminant from Pot Ash Mining, Water Contaminant, AntiFreeze Inhibitor

Silicon (Si)

Sodium (Na)

Potassium (K)

Environmental Sodium from Salt Contaminant from Pot Water, Spray Wash, Ash Mining, Water Anti-Freeze Inhibitor Contaminant, AntiFreeze Inhibitor

Multi-Source Metals
Metal Reciprocating Engines
Friction Modier Additive in Oils, Grease Contamination, Molybdates from Some Coolants

Transmissions
Friction Modier Additive in Oils, Grease Contamination, Molybdates from Some Coolants

Gear Systems
Friction Modier Additive in Oils, Grease Contamination, Molybdates from Some Coolants

Hydraulics
Friction Modier Additive in Oils, Grease Contamination, Molybdates from Some Coolants

Rotary Compressors
Alloy or Plating from Rings, Retainer Pins, Friction Modier Additive in Oils, Grease Contamination, Molybdates from Some Coolants Alloy Metal in Babbitt Bearings, Bushings, Trace Element Used in Some Oils Steel Alloy Metal in Gears, Some Shafts Contact with Grease

Reciprocating Compressors
Alloy or Plating from Rings, Retainer Pins, Friction Modier Additive in Oils, Grease Contamination, Molybdates from Some Coolants Alloy Metal in Babbitt Bearings, Bushings, Trace Element Used in Some Oils Steel Alloy Metal in Gears, Some Shafts Contact with Grease

Turbines/ Centrifugal Compressors


Alloy or Plating from Rings, Retainer Pins, Friction Modier Additive in Oils, Grease Contamination, Molybdates from Some Coolants Alloy Metal in Babbitt Bearings, Bushings, Trace Element Used in Some Oils Steel Alloy Metal in Gears, Some Shafts Contact with Grease

Molybdenum (Mo)

Antimony (Sb) Manganese (Mn) Lithium (Li)

Alloy Metal in Babbitt Bearings, Bushings, Trace Element Used in Some Oils Steel Alloy Metal in Gears, Some Shafts Contact with Grease

Alloy Metal in Babbitt Bearings, Bushings, Trace Element Used in Some Oils Steel Alloy Metal in Gears, Some Shafts Contact with Grease

Alloy Metal in Babbitt Bearings, Bushings, Trace Element Used in Some Oils Steel Alloy Metal in Gears, Some Shafts Contact with Grease

Alloy Metal in Babbitt Bearings, Bushings, Trace Element Used in Some Oils Steel Alloy Metal in Gears, Some Shafts Contact with Grease

Additive Metals
Metal Reciprocating Engines
Additive Common in Engine Oils, Some Gear Oils Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Alloy, Environmental Contaminant Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Calcium from Water Contamination, Lime Dust Not Commonly found in Engine Oils, Contaminant in Drilling Applications

Transmissions
Additive Common in Engine Oils, Some Gear Oils, and Dexron Fluids Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Alloy, Environmental Contaminant Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Calcium from Water Contamination, Lime Dust Contaminant in Drilling Applications, Additive in Some Synthetic Oils

Gear Systems

Hydraulics

Rotary Compressors
Additive Common in Engine Oils, Some Gear Oils Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Alloy, Environmental Contaminant Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Calcium from Water Contamination, Lime Dust Demulsifying Agent, Additive Common in Compressor Oil, Some Transmission Fluids & Gear Oils, Contaminant in Drilling Applications EP Additive, Anti-Wear Additive ZDDP (ZincDialkylDithioPhosphate), Phosphate Ester, Phosphate Inhibitor found in Coolants Alloy in Brass, AntiWear Additive ZDDP, Galvanized Steel from Filter Canisters

Reciprocating Compressors
Additive Common in Engine Oils, Some Gear Oils Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Alloy, Environmental Contaminant Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Calcium from Water Contamination, Lime Dust Demulsifying Agent, Additive Common in Compressor Oil, Some Transmission Fluids & Gear Oils, Contaminant in Drilling Applications EP Additive, Anti-Wear Additive ZDDP (ZincDialkylDithioPhosphate), Phosphate Ester, Phosphate Inhibitor found in Coolants Alloy in Brass, AntiWear Additive ZDDP, Galvanized Steel from Filter Canisters

Turbines/ Centrifugal Compressors


Additive Common in Engine Oils, Some Gear Oils Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Alloy, Environmental Contaminant Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Calcium from Water Contamination, Lime Dust Demulsifying Agent, Additive Common in Compressor Oil, Some Transmission Fluids & Gear Oils, Contaminant in Drilling Applications EP Additive, Anti-Wear Additive ZDDP (ZincDialkylDithioPhosphate), Phosphate Ester, Phosphate Inhibitor found in Coolants Alloy in Brass, AntiWear Additive ZDDP, Galvanized Steel from Filter Canisters

Boron (B)

Additive Common in Additive Common in Engine Oils, Some Engine Oils, Some Gear Oils, and Dexron Gear Oils Fluids Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Alloy, Environmental Contaminant Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Calcium from Water Contamination, Lime Dust Contaminant in Drilling Applications Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Alloy, Environmental Contaminant Detergent/Dispersant Additive, Calcium from Water Contamination, Lime Dust Not Commonly found in Hydraulic Oils, Contaminant in Drilling Applications

Magnesium (Mg)

Calcium (Ca)

Barium (Ba)

Phosphorus (P)

Anti-Wear Additive ZDDP (ZincDialkylDithioPhosphate), Phosphate Ester, Phosphate Inhibitor found in Coolants Alloy in Brass, AntiWear Additive ZDDP, Galvanized Steel from Filter Canisters

Anti-Wear Additive ZDDP (ZincDialkylDithioPhosphate), Phosphate Ester, Phosphate Inhibitor found in Coolants Alloy in Brass, AntiWear Additive ZDDP, Galvanized Steel from Filter Canisters

EP Additive, Anti-Wear Additive ZDDP (ZincDialkylDithioPhosphate), Phosphate Ester, Phosphate Inhibitor found in Coolants Alloy in Brass, AntiWear Additive ZDDP, Galvanized Steel from Filter Canisters

Anti-Wear Additive ZDDP (ZincDialkylDithioPhosphate), Phosphate Ester, Phosphate Inhibitor found in Coolants Alloy in Brass, AntiWear Additive ZDDP, Galvanized Steel from Filter Canisters

Zinc (Zn)

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