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cluster fitting and b. Least squares fitting (which the distance between the fitting data points and ellipse is minimize by a set of parameters). The length and width of ellipse expressed eye outline are within a certain range length of eye is about 40 pixels and the width is about 11~20 pixels 3. Set the range of elliptical long axis and minor axis ( for selecting eligible elliptical region as the eyes of the candidate region) Figure is elliptical region in the
edge image with the long axis pixel
[15 50], short axis [5 30]
4. The trained support vector machine (SVM) classifier
was used to ensure the eye candidate region, y The optimal hyper plane in SVM was achieved by a number of training data. An image can be expressed by use of a vector contained pixels value, which contains the eye image sets and non-eye image sets. The eye image sets contain the eyes of different target groups in different posture, facial expression, wearing glasses, no wear glasses eye image, and the non-eye image sets are from the face image in the eyes of nonshear region 5. Locate the eye center using Directional Circle Hough Transform (DCHT) detection operator