BENGKEL TEKNIK MENJAWAB KERTAS PEPERIKSAAN

BAHASA INGGERIS PMR KERTAS 1 dan 2

FORMAT OF PMR ENGLISH PAPER 1
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Allocation of time : 1 hour Consists of 5 sections (40 questions) Marks : 40 marks Candidates must answer all questions

FORMAT OF PMR ENGLISH PAPER 1
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SECTION A 10 Questions Multiple Choice questions Graphics and stimuli Marks : 1o marks Allocation of time : 10 minutes

FORMAT OF PMR ENGLISH PAPER 1
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SECTION B 8 Questions Rational Cloze Marks : 8 marks Allocation of time : 10 minutes

FORMAT OF PMR ENGLISH PAPER 1
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SECTION C 6 Questions Closest in meaning Marks : 6 marks Allocation of time : 10 minutes

FORMAT OF PMR ENGLISH PAPER 1
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SECTION D 10 Questions Reading Comprehension 4 Questions on a non-linear text 6 Questions on a linear text Marks : 10 marks Allocation of time : 10 minutes

FORMAT OF PMR ENGLISH PAPER 1
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SECTION E 6 Questions Literature Component Poems - 3 Questions Short stories - 3 Questions Marks : 6 marks Allocation of time : 20 minutes

FORMAT OF PMR ENGLISH PAPER 2
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Allocation of time : 1 hour and 30 minutes Consists of 3 sections (3 questions) Marks : 50 marks Candidates must answer all questions

SECTIONS
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Section A : Number of question : 1 Question Format : Guided Writing Marks : 30 marks Allocation of time : 40 minutes

SECTIONS
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Section B : Number of question : 1 Question Format : Summary Writing Marks : 10 marks Allocation of time : 30 minutes

SECTIONS
‡ Section C : ‡ Number of question : 1 Question ‡ Format : Literature Component (Open-response based on the Form 2 and 3 novels) ‡ Marks : 10 marks ‡ Allocation of time : 20 minutes

SECTIONS
‡ Section C : ‡ Number of question : 1 Question ‡ Format : Literature Component (Open-response based on the Form 2 and 3 novels) ‡ Marks : 10 marks ‡ Allocation of time : 20 minutes

SECTION A : GUIDED WRITING
‡ Task : Write a composition using the stimulus given. ‡ The type of composition will be specified in the question. ‡ Write using the correct format.

Different types of compositions
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Factual composition Descriptive composition Argumentative composition Narrative composition Formal letter Informal letter Speech / Talk

Different types of compositions
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Process chart Pictorial map Graph ± pie chart Graph ± bar graph Graph ± line graph

Different types of stimulus
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Short notes Dialogues Pictures series Maps Graphs / charts Letters Posters Advertisements

TIPS on Section A
‡ Read the questions carefully ‡ Identify the type of composition. ‡ Spend about 10 minutes on planning or preparing an outline. ‡ You may use a diagram or a mind map for your outline. ‡ Do not use full sentences in the outline.

TIPS on Section A
‡ Use all the given notes or guidelines. ‡ Study the given pictures or graphs carefully before writing. ‡ Each main point must be clearly stated and has sufficient elaboration to support it ‡ Provide some examples where necessary.

TIPS on Section A
‡ Make sure you know the formats of different types of composition well. ‡ Vary your sentence structure. ‡ Use appropriate style of writing. ‡ E.g. report ± simple and straightforward language, narrative ± more flowery language with the use of metaphors, simile etc.

TIPS on Section A
‡ Correct and consistent uses of tenses is essential. ‡ Write neatly and legibly. ‡ Work within the given time. ‡ Allocate at least 5 minutes to read through for spelling, grammar and punctuation errors. ‡ Composition must be in not less than 120 words.

3 STEPS TO REMEMBER !
1. PLAN ‡ List down main points ‡ Choose 3 most important points and arrange them in order ‡ Give one or two supporting details foe each point ‡ Write a good introduction

3 STEPS TO REMEMBER !
2. WRITE ‡ Elaborate on all points ‡ One paragraph ± one point ‡ Provide examples to strengthen points ‡ Use linkers/connecters to connect ideas in order to be cohesive and coherent ‡ E.g. Therefore, however, furthermore ‡ Summarise main points in conclusion

3 STEPS TO REMEMBER !
3. CHECK ‡ Read through your composition ‡ Check spelling, grammar and punctuation errors.

SECTION B : SUMMARY WRITING
‡ Write a summary on a given passage about the specific ideas in the passage. ‡ Re-write them in your own words without changing the original meaning. ‡ 10 words will be given to begin your summary. ‡ Continue from the words given ‡ Summary must not exceed 60 words and must be in continuous form.

TIPS on Section B
‡ You are advised to spend 30 minutes on this section. ‡ Read the passage carefully ‡ Read the questions and understand which areas you are required to summarise. ‡ Remember : Only summarise the required part not the entire passage. ‡ Only capture the main points, do not include the unnecessary details.

TIPS on Section B
‡ Use own words but do not change the meaning of the passage. ‡ Replace phrases with single words to shorten a sentence. ‡ Use the same tenses as in the original passage.

TIPS on Section B
‡ Leave out any questions or direct speeches. ‡ Only use indirect speech. ‡ Do not add own opinion or information and change the points in the original passage. ‡ State the number of words you have used correctly at the end of the summary.

How to count words when drafting
1 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Example
‡ Summarise the passage below in two sentences. ‡ The Internet makes communication so easy that one gets to keep in touch with people no matter where they are. You can communicate with your love loved ones quickly and at a minimum cost through e-mail. Apart from e-mails, e-chatrooms are convenient too as you do not even have to leave home to talk to your family and friends.

Example
‡ Main Points : i. The Internet makes communication easier ii. Two ways to communicate ± e-mail and echatrooms iii. Benefits of e-chatrooms ± convenient and easy ‡ Summary : It is easier and more convenient to keep in touch with your loved ones through the Internet. You could simply e-mail or talk to them in chatrooms.

SECTION C : LITERATURE COMPONENT
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Write a critique of certain aspects of a novel. Form 2 Literature Text : Potato People by Angela Wright Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux Form 3 Literature Text : The Prisoner of Zenda by Anthony Hope Hawkins ‡ Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson

TIPS on SECTION C
‡ You are advised to spend 20 minutes on this section. ‡ Focus on the key elements of the novel : ‡ i. setting ‡ ii. plot ‡ iii. characters ‡ iv. point of view ‡ v. themes ‡ vi. moral values ‡ vii. language and style

TIPS on SECTION C
‡ Choose the novel you know the best to answer the question. ‡ Do an outline. List all the points. ‡ Choose the most important points. ‡ Provide evidence and quotations from the novel to support your main points. ‡ Each point is written in different paragraph.

TIPS on SECTION C
‡ The length of answer should be more than 50 words and less than 120 words. ‡ Do not memorize sample answers from reference or work books. ‡ Do not afraid to state your feelings and response if the question required you to do so. ‡ Allocate about 5 minutes to check and rectify any grammar, spelling and punctuation mistakes.

Literature Components
1. Setting : ‡ A. Physical ± the specific place where the story occurs ‡ B. Time - The period when the story occurs ‡ C. Social ± the way of life when the story occurs

Literature Components
2. Plot : ‡ Chain of events A. Exposition ± introduction of setting and characters B. Rising Action ± Build-up that leads to the conflict C. Conflict ± Introduction of problem that arises

Literature Components
2. Plot : D. Climax ± the peak of the story E. Falling action ± events that leads to the resolution F. Resolution ± how the story ends

Literature Components
3. Characters : ‡ The pillars of the story. ‡ Can be analyzed based on : A. Their physical description B. Their personality traits C. Their dialogue and how they interact with other characters

Literature Components
4. Themes : ‡ Main idea of the story. ‡ To get the theme of the story, try to answer these questions : A. What is the writer¶s main intention of writing this story? B. What point is mainly stressed in the story?

Literature Components
5. Moral Values : ‡ The message or moral values that we can learn from the story. ‡ The importance of determination in one¶s life, responsibility towards one¶s family and own greed brings destructions.

Thank You
Presenter: Mdm. Zati Helma Bt Zainal

Created by Z.Helma©2008 (enygma.75s@gmail.com)

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