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Instructional Design - Power Point Presentation

Instructional Design - Power Point Presentation

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Published by: Shyam Sundar Richharya on Jul 21, 2011
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What is ID and What it isn·t ID Process ID Supporting Cast ID Competencies A Few Good Books ID Competition min.

10 min. 60 min. 5 min. 10 min. 5 min. 30

Is it« technical writing? information design? interface design? graphics and animation design? teaching? having subject matter knowledge? multimedia authoring? web programming? all of the above and more? .

None of it! .

It is the entire process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs. and tryout and evaluation of all instruction and learner activities. It includes development of instructional materials and activities. .Instructional Design is the systematic development of instructional specifications using learning and instructional theory to ensure the quality of instruction.

Design 3.1. Evaluation 4. Implementation . Development 5. Analysis 2.

€ € € € Training Needs Analysis Learner Analysis (Learning Styles) Performance Analysis Job-Task Analysis .

performance feedback .€ € € Define scoring and grades Identify prerequisites Understand learning context: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ What training is relevant to your employees· jobs What training will improve performance Distinguish between training needs from organisational problems Link improved job performance with the organisation·s goals and bottom line € Through surveys. focus groups. interviews.

if applicable Learning style .€ Personal characteristics ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Age Profession Gender Culture« € € € € Purpose and application of learning Prior knowledge of subject Computer or web expertise.

Self-assessment 10 min. Three primary learning styles: Visual Auditory Kinesthetic As many as 12 or 13 types of intelligences .

Performance Analysis Are the goals of teaching being met? Task Analysis What tasks does the learner have to do? Sample scenario: Setting up an STC learning session (5 min.) .

€ € € € € Learning objectives Course content Instructional strategies and methods Evaluation and design plan Resource requirements .

€ € € € Determine overall learning goal Determine specific objectives State in a clear and measurable manner Use performance-oriented words Exercise:Go back to slide 2 and define goals and objectives for this session .

Lessons will at times affect change in belief systems and values.Focused rather than general Application rather than theory Build on existing concepts Self-directed and self-paced More than one medium It is harder for adults to retain and recall information that conflict with prior experience and previously formed ideas and beliefs. .

Instructional theory describes a variety of methods of instruction (different ways of facilitating human learning and development) and when to use--and not use--each of those methods.Choose a design model to follow or design your own using established instructional principles. . It is about how to help people learn better.

2.1. 3. 5. 4. Gange's Theory: Behaviorist view Ausebel's Theory: Cognitivist view David Merrill: Component Display Theory Dick and Carey: Systems approach Jerrold/ Kemp: Holistic approach suited for WBT .

8. Hannafin and Peck: 1) Needs assessment 2) Design 3) Development and implementation Knirk and Gustafson: 1) Problem determination 2) Design 3) Development Tripp and Bichelmeyer: Rapid Prototyping suited for research . Gerlach and Ely: Prescriptive model suited to higher education. 9.6. 7.

How do you pick an ID model? Depends on the instructional goal. € € € € Concept learning information gathering and organization Cognitive skills problem solving and critical thinking Procedural skills practice and hands-on experience Behavioural changes role play and situational practice .

€ Course materials € Learning activities € Lesson plan and instructor's guide € Delivery system € Tests and assessments .

€ Provide active learning activities € Provide meaningful experiences to apply course concepts € Allow for differing ways of learning € Plan for differing media (ILT vs. WBT) € Chunk information .

ILT or WBT? Synchronous or asynchronous? Blended approach? Is multimedia appropriate? Should I use audio and text? What tools should I use? Is video necessary? .

Comprehension 3.Bloom identified a hierarchy of six levels of cognitive learning: 1. Knowledge (recall. Synthesis 6. Application 4. least complex) 2. Evaluation (most complex) . Analysis 5.

€ Usability test € Production € Train-the-trainer € Delivery .

Macromedia Authorware Macromedia Coursebuilder Toolbook Multimedia tools Web authoring tools Database programming tools LMSes .

Formative evaluation: learner assessments. communication with learners. Evaluation should closely link to the course objectives A. periodic evaluations B. interviews C. surveys. examinations. Summative evaluation: analysis of formative assessments. .

3. 8. 6. 9. Technical writer/Course Developer Editor Graphics designer/Illustrator/Animator Web designer Web programmer Multimedia author/integrator Sound recorder/editor Database designer/programmer Project manager . 7. 4.1. 2. 5.

SCOR € Knowledge of Copyright Issues .€ Knowledge of Instructional Design Theories and ability to create model € Knowledge of Education and Training € Knowledge of Adult Learning Principles € Chunking Information € Building Interactions € Preparing Quizzes € Creating Evaluations € Knowledge of Standards:AICC.

Saul Carliner The Systematic Design of Instruction. Chuck Hoddell Training Design Basics. Walter Dick and Lou Carey The ID CaseBook. Peggy A.org . Kavita Gupta www.Ertmer and James Quinn A Practical Guide to Needs Assessment.ASTD.Basics of Instructional Systems Development.

Understanding 5 min. ID 10 min. Bloom. is visiting India for the first time to give a session on Training Evaluation. He is staying at a hotel and has to cross the street to reach the conference venue.Time: 30 min. There is no pedestrian crossing. an elderly Scandinavian. not exceeding a page. ‡ Write your instructional plan on another page Scoring: Instructional Plan 40% Instructional Script achieving learning objectives 40% Innovation 20% . Scenario: Mr. Writing instructional script 15 min. ‡ Write a short tutorial or an instructional script. explaining to him how to cross the street safely.

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