Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Materials............................................................................. 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ................................................................. 57 Steel parts................................................................................. 3............................................................. Creating a twin profile............................................................................ Standard profiles ................................ 3..................................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .................................................4 Creating an assembly.................................................................................................................................... Position depth ..................................................................... Creating a steel polybeam................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a steel beam ............................................. Modifying the position of a part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Using welds to create assemblies ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Parametric profiles .................................................................... End offsets ....................................... Assembly hierarchy ............................. Position on the work plane ..................................3 Creating a steel column... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................... Using bolts to create assemblies .................................................. Rotation ............................................................. User-defined attributes ..................................................................................... User-defined profiles .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Vertical position .........Changing the profile of a part .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a round contour plate .......................... 66 Assemblies...................................... Horizontal position .................................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ............................................................ Showing part reference lines in model views ....................................................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly ............................................................................................................................................................... Bending .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part labels in a view ................................................................................. Creating a curved beam ............... Adding parts to an assembly ................................................................................................................................... 3................................................................................................................................................................... Part labels ........................................................................................................................................................................ Adding objects to assemblies................................................................. Levels ........ Creating a sub-assembly .......................................................................................................................... Creating a contour plate ........... Colors .................................................. Changing the material of a part ...................................................................................................................................................................2 Moving a part using handles .................................................................................................................... Creating an orthogonal beam..........................................................

........................................................................................................................... Highlighting objects in an assembly ............. Showing the top-in-form face ....... 81 4 Detailing Structures ............................................................................................................................................................... Creating a single bolt ................................................................ 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ...................................................................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ................ Removing objects from a cast unit ............................................................................ Changing the main assembly ...................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete column .......................................... 89 Creating round holes.................................... Creating a round slab ..................................................................... Highlighting objects in a cast unit............................................................ Defining the casting direction of a part .................................................................................................................................................... 85 4................................... Removing objects from an assembly ............................................................................................................................................ 3.................................................................................................................................. Changing or adding bolted parts ............................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes.......................................................... Changing the cast unit main part .............. Creating a concrete beam................................................................................................................................... 77 Cast units............................................................................ Creating a strip footing ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Defining the cast unit type..................................................................................................................... Exploding a cast unit ............................... Casting direction .............................................................. 85 Creating a bolt group.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ............................................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete panel ......................................................... Bolt group position ............ Bolt offsets ............................................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit .................................... Creating a concrete slab ........................................... Adding objects to cast units ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Joining assemblies ................................................... Creating a concrete polybeam ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the assembly main part ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing......................................... 89 Creating slotted holes ..................................................................... Bolt group shape ............... Assembly examples ........................................................................................................................................................ Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit .....1 Bolts...................................... 4................. 3.............................................. Exploding an assembly .............

........................................... Cutting parts with another part .......................................................................... 90 4.......................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment......................5 Fine-tuning part shape .............................................................................................. 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ............................................................ Manually preparing a part for welding ............................................................................................... 104 4............................ Modifying the shape of a polygon......................................................................... Creating a fitting ...................................................................... Weld size prefixes ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Chamfers........................................................................... Cuts ............................................................................Creating oversized holes.................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ........... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ............................................................................................................................................................... Creating a polygon weld..................................................................................... Polygon cuts ...................... 100 Example pattern definition ................................................................................................................................ Chamfering part edges ................................................. Cutting parts with a line ........................................................................................................................................................... Warping concrete parts ................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ..................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ..... 91 Creating a weld between parts.......................................................... Warping a beam using deformation angles ........................................................... Weld preparation ............................................................................................................................................ 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ...................................................................................................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............. Creating a weld to a part .......................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Chamfering part corners ............................. Fittings........................................................................................................................................................... 4................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 Tile pattern definitions .... 103 Tile pattern elements .................................................................................. Weld position ................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Polybeam chamfers .................. Line cuts ..... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ......................................................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns ......... 99 Tiled surface treatment................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Part cuts ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Welds ...................................................................................................................................................

................................................. Using the Custom Inquiry tool ................................................................................ 118 5 Examining the Model...............................................................................7 Splitting parts ......................................... Object property report templates ............................................................ Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ............................... Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Hiding selected parts........... Creating a clip plane ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4......................... Cambering a part ......................................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part . Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista .............................................................. 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .....................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts................................. Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ............... 126 Showing and hiding objects ................................................................................. Rotating the model .............. 116 Combining two parts into one............................... Lengthening a part in drawings .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Flying through the model............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot ................................................................................................................................................ Zooming with Magnifier ................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ..................................................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings .............................................. Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ...................................................................................... Hiding unselected parts................1 Viewing the model ............................................................................... 116 Attaching a part to another part................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Splitting a plate or slab......... 117 4................................................................................................................ Moving the model.......................3 Defining which objects are displayed ................................................................... Showing and hiding assemblies..................................... Showing parts with exact lines .......................................................................................................... 119 5........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Representation options ................................................................................................................................. Creating a screenshot........................................................................................................................................................... 119 Zooming the model .............................. Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .................................................................................................................................... Modifying the zoom settings ............................... 5.....................................2 Inquiring object properties.. Cambering parts.. 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ................................... Shortening and lengthening parts ........................................

.................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ...................................................................................... Measuring angles ............................. Detecting clashes ..................................................................................................... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status...................................................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings ............................................................................................. Comparing parts or assemblies............................................ 135 Checking the model ............................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings ......................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ................. 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying an object group to another model .......................................................... Measuring bolt spacing ............................................................2 What is numbering .................................. Finding clashes in a model .................................................1 6...................................................................5 Measuring objects .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Defining an erection schedule .......................................................................................................................... Example: Creating object groups ......................................................................................... 152 Identical parts .....3 Defining numbering series ................................ Object groups .......... 142 6 Numbering the Model................................................................................ 152 Identical reinforcements ............................................................ Creating object representation settings ........................................................... Measuring distances ....... Copying visualization settings to another model .................................................................................................................... Deleting an object group ....................................................... 153 6.................................................................................................................... Clash Check Manager .....4 Creating a visualization ........................... Creating an object group ......... Example: Creating visualization settings ....................................................................................... 5......... Finding distant objects........................................................................ 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ......................................................................................................................................... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part . 151 6.......................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Planning your numbering series........................................................ Copying object representation settings to another model ....................................................................................................... 151 What affects numbering ................................................................. Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ...................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ..................................................................................................................................................................................... Object representation settings........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5............Showing and hiding components ........................................................................................... Deleting visualization settings ..................................................................................................................................................................

.Family numbers..................... Locking and unlocking control numbers .................... Example: Numbering selected part types .......................................................................................... Changing numbers....................................................... 171 7....................................................................................................... 161 Repairing numbering errors ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a sequence ............................................................................................................................................................................. Creating object type categories............................ 171 Custom phase properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6.................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ......................... 156 Viewing the numbering history....................................................... Numbering reinforcements................................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams........................................................................................ 161 Numbering examples.................... 167 Creating logical areas ................................................................................................ Creating a standard-part model .............................................. Deleting logical areas and object type categories........................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project ..................................... Checking the sequence of a part ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7................. 172 173 173 173 173 7..... Saving preliminary numbers............6 6....... Assigning family numbers ...................................................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ..........................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases.....................................................................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects......................................................................................................................................................................... Clearing numbers................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases ...3 Sequences......................................................................................................... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Lotting ................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Assembly position numbers .................................................................................................................. Deleting a sequence ....................................................................... Example: Using family numbers.......................................................................................................................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories .................. Overlapping numbering series ....................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories.................................... Control numbers....................................5 6...................... 167 7........................................................................ Assigning control numbers to parts ............................................................ 172 Creating a sequence ........................................1 Organizing the model......................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part................ 6............................................................................................. Changing the family number of an object ..............................

Modifying chamfers in a sketch ........................................ Sketching an arc ................................................................................................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ........................................................................................................................ Sketching the outline of a cross section ..... Deleting a dimension from a sketch .............................................................................. Adding a coincident constraint ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Variables ............................................. 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............. Adding a horizontal constraint ........................... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch .... Part positioning planes ....................................................................................... Adding parts to a lot .............................................................................................................................................. Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ...... Removing parts from a lot ......................................................................................... Adding a parallel constraint .......................................................... Adding a vertical constraint ................ Adding a fixed constraint ......................................................................................................... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ..... Connection positioning planes ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section .............Creating a lot ............................................. Modifying a sketched cross section......... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section.......................................................................................................................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ......................................................................................................................................... 176 Sketched cross sections ..5 7................. Sketching a circle ..................................................................................................... Reverting to default positioning planes ...................................................................... Checking a sketched cross section .............................................................................................................................................. 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures .......................................................................................................................................................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor .................................................... Moving positioning plane handles .................................................... Sketch Browser ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cross section extrusion types ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7............... Sketching a polyline .........................................................................................................................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ............................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ................................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes ...................................................................... Moving positioning planes ....................... Deleting a constraint .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Saving a sketched cross section . Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section.. Deleting a lot ..............

................ Rotation settings ...................... 229 Weld types ....................................................................................................................................................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings............................................................................................................................ 215 View properties ............................ Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section .................................................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section.....1 General settings....................................4 Detail properties................................................................................................ Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section .............. Exporting sketched cross sections ................................................................................................................... Grid line properties.......................... Orthogonal beam properties .........................................................................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ............................................ 217 Steel column properties ..................................................................................... 215 Display settings ....................................... Importing sketched cross sections ...................................................................................... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ......................... Screenshot settings...................................................................................................................................................................... Color settings ................................................. 227 Bolt properties....................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete beam properties.......................................................................................................................................................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model .................. Contour plate properties............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Concrete column properties . 216 8........................................................... Pad footing properties..... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Setting the cross section thickness ...................................................................................................................................... 227 Weld properties ...........................................................................................................................3 Part properties .................................................................................................................. Point properties ........................................................................................................................................................................... 211 Grid properties .............. Concrete slab properties .. Steel beam properties ........................................ 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8............................................................................................................................................................. Transparency settings........................................................................................... Creating an image of a sketched cross section ........................................................................................................................................................... 8................................................................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ......................................................................................... Concrete panel properties......... Twin profile properties.................... 211 8.................................................................. 215 Grid view properties ........ Strip footing properties ...............................................................................................................................................................

......................... 9. 237 9............................... 232 Edge chamfer properties ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cutting efficiently ........................................................ 234 Control number settings ........................................................................... Selecting values from the model .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .......................................................................... 233 General numbering settings ............... 233 Weld numbering settings................................................................... Modeling identical areas................................................................................................... 235 9 Modeling Tips ....................................... 237 Defining default part properties ............................................ Activating an overlapping view ................................1 General modeling tips ........................................................................................................... Hiding cut lines in a view ....................................................................................................................................... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................2 Modifying part length ................................................................................... Copying and moving efficiently............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 232 8................................................................................................. Creating horizontal parts .................................................................................................................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ............ Right-hand rule...................................................................................................................................................................................5 Numbering settings .................................. Finding RGB values for colors................................................................... 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern................................................................Corner chamfer properties ...................

such as reports and NC data files. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . 18) 1. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. 15) Creating a new model (p. as they react to modifications in the model. 17) Saving a model (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. and save models in Tekla Structures. create. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. 17) Model templates (p. you can create a real-life model of any structure. 16) Opening a model (p.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

40) Points (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 21) Work area (p. 27) Coordinate system (p. 25) Work plane (p. When you open or create a model. a new window appears on the screen. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 .1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. Initially. 28) Grids (p. 33) Construction objects (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. the icons and available menu options will become active. 29) Views (p. 43) 2. 42) Reference models (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p.

and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. > Model View. leave the advanced option fields empty. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . To change the background color in rendered views: 1. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. To use the default background color. Finding RGB values for colors (p. 2. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 239) Background color examples (p. and so on. set the same value for all four corners of the background.. 3. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background..

0 1.0 1.0 1.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 0.0 0.4 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.RGB values 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.2 0.4 0.0 1.0 1.0 Result 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.

0 0.7 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .8 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.0 1.8 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.7 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.0 0. dashed lines.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.6 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.RGB values 0. 239) 2.7 0.0 Result 0.

To make the box visible again. when creating screenshots for presentations.. > Model View. set the advanced option to FALSE.. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. 2. for example. but they are not visible. Click View > Redraw All. 26) Hiding the work area (p. Alternatively. See also Work area (p. or all model objects. see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. To make the work area visible again. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. This can be useful. for example. To define the work area: 1. or in all visible views. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. 1. Click OK or Apply. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Work area (p. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. or size the work area to include selected parts. Tekla Structures hides the work area. 2. Objects outside the work area still exist. 3. See also Defining the work area (p. You can define the work area in a selected view. For more information on each command. click View > Redraw All again. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. 5. 4. you can hide the green work area box.

select Work plane to display the work plane grid. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. See also Shifting the work plane (p. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. 2.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. To shift the work plane: 1. which can be used for positioning parts. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. For example. 28) Right-hand rule (p. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. The work plane also has its own grid. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. The current work plane is model-specific. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. To display the work plane grid. For example creating points. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. For more information on each command. part positioning. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands.2. or on a part or view plane. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. parallel to one of the global basic planes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. When modeling sloped parts. so it is the same in all views. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. which is the local coordinate system of the model.

239) 2. > Model View. See also Work plane (p.. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. y. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. For example. Set Plane to XY. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. set the value to 1. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. to change the color to red.0. 4. 3. 2. Set Depth coordinate to 0. 3.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. 2.0 0. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Click Change. Work plane (p. 4. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane.See also Work plane (p.. To restore the default work plane: 1. Click OK.0 0. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane...

5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model.In wire frame views. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. See also Work plane (p. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. 27) View types (p. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 36) 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.

The z coordinates are absolute. 31) Grid properties (p. See also Click Create. See also Creating a grid (p. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. Modify the grid properties. 29) Grid coordinates (p. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. 30) Modifying a grid (p. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0.. Optional: When prompted. 31) Deleting a grid (p. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. See also Creating a grid (p. Y0. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. For example. For example. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid.You can have more than one grid in a model. Grids (p. Click Modeling > Create Grid. 30) Grid labels (p. If you do not pick a point. 2. You can also create grids manually. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 30) Coordinate system (p. 3. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid.. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. 31) Changing the grid color (p. Y0. 31) Grid lines (p. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. and Z0. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. To manually create a grid: 1. 5. 0 2*4000. 0 4000 4000.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. 4. and Z0.

is selected. 4. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. When working with very large grids. If you wish. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 29) Grid properties (p. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. not the grid. If you have also other objects selected. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. 3. When you delete a grid. The Grid dialog box appears. 3. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. See also Click Modify to save the changes. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Grids (p. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. See also Grids (p. 29) Creating a grid (p. you can leave the label fields empty. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. is selected. 2. See also Grids (p. 2. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. Modify the grid properties.

4. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. See also Grids (p. See also Grids (p. Pick the starting point of the grid line. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. 4. 2.0. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. Pick the end point of the grid line. 33) Moving a part using handles (p.. When you select a grid line. the handles appear in magenta. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to.1.. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 3. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. For example. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. Single grid lines have handles. Click OK. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. > Model View. 3.0 0. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. to change the color to red. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid.0 0. set the value to 1. 2. You can use handles to move the grid lines.

2. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. See also Grid lines (p. 4. Grid lines (p. not the grid line. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. 32) 2. See also is selected. 2.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Modify the grid line properties. Click Modify to save the changes. If you also have other objects selected. When you delete a grid line. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. 32) Grid line properties (p. 3. For example. 3. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. is selected. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . Tekla Structures only deletes the objects.See also Grid lines (p. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1.

One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 38) Deleting a view (p. This places the part in the center of the view. and elevation views provide different types of information. 38) Switching between open views (p. See also Creating a view (p. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . plane. 35) Opening a view (p. 38) Modifying a view (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 39) Refreshing views (p. 39) Arranging views (p. which is useful for different tasks. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. create a 3D view of the part.

which have a default name in parentheses. 215) About naming views (p. 36) View planes (p. In multi-user mode. Temporary views. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. b Type a unique name in the Name field. disappear when you close them. c See also Click Modify. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. For more information on each command. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. 36) Creating grid views (p. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . Optional: Save the view. Select a view command from the View menu. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. see the corresponding menu tooltip. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. See also Views (p. 3. Views (p. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 35) View types (p. When you exit the model. or the view will not be saved for later use. See also Creating a view (p. 2. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Tekla Structures only saves the named views.If you are working with two screens. it is very important to give views unique names. 33) View settings (p. If several users have different views with the same name.

You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. It does not appear in the plane name. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. • See also Creating a view (p. In the basic plane view. and zy).View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . xz. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. 35) Representation options (p. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. In basic views. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed.

or enter its coordinates.. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. Click the view. 2. To move the view plane: 1. Moving a view plane (p.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. depending on the creation method. When you move a view plane. 3. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. or the points are defined automatically. from the pop-up menu. Other views For view types other than basic views. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. See also View planes (p. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. 37) Creating a view (p. Pick the end point of the translation vector. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. If the Move .Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. 5. 4.. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. Click Move. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . or enter its coordinates. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear.

Click View > View List. and all visible views on the right. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1.. 35) Grid view properties (p. The Views dialog box appears. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. Click Modify. Modify the view properties... To open multiple views. 33) View settings (p. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. 2. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. To create grid views: 1. 5.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. The Views dialog box appears. 3. See also Creating a view (p. and which view properties it will use. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. Views (p. If the view does not appear. See also Views (p. how it will name the views. create a view that contains a grid.. or double-click a view to open it. 4. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. check how many views you have open. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Tekla Structures displays a warning. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Modify the grid properties. 2.. 2. Before you start. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. Select the grid. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. Click Create. If you try to open more than nine views. 3.

do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. To delete multiple views. Views (p. 33) Switching between open views (p. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 2. Click View > Redraw All. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . select an option from the Angle list box. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. On the Window menu. and all visible views on the right. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. Click Delete.. and then click Modify. Views (p. Views (p. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. In the View Properties dialog box. Select the view you want to delete. select a view from the list. The Views dialog box appears..1. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. See also Views (p. Click View > View List. 3..

Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. and circles help you place other objects. Pick four points. For example. 2.7 Construction objects Construction planes. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Click View > Close All. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. Click the middle mouse button. 6. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. Tile Horizontally. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. You cannot use the Cascade. See also Creating a construction plane (p. Tekla Structures draws the plane. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. lines. When you move the plane. Type a name for the plane. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade.To arrange the views. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. 4. 5. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. 40) Creating a construction line (p. select the Magnetic check box. Double-click the plane in the model. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. They do not appear in drawings. 33) 2. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. For example. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. 3. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. See also Views (p.

Pick the end point of the construction line. 2. b Select the Magnetic check box. 4. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. See also Construction objects (p. 2. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. For more information on each command. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. See also Construction objects (p. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. c Click Modify. Click Modify.7. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . Pick the starting point of the construction line. 3. a Double-click the line in the model. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. See also Construction objects (p.

Points (p. See also Creating a point (p. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. see the corresponding menu tooltip. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. 42) Point properties (p. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . For more information on each command. To import points from a file: 1.2. When you create points. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Create a point import file. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. 42) Importing points (p.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. 2. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red.

*. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. Type the ASCII file name.1000 300. 42) 2. a plant design model. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. If you do not specify the path. 6. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).3dd) IFC files (*. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on.rop. See also Points (p.700. See also Inserting a reference model (p. For example: 100. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. 5.dwg) MicroStation (*. 3.500. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. 4. *. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. Click Create. 7.dxf) AutoCAD (*. During the import process. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. For example.igs.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p.prp) Cadmatic models (*. an architectural model. b Save the file. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. or a heating. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *.dgn. Include the full path and the file extension.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model.IFC) IGES files (*. 44) Selecting a reference model (p.1500 2. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. Type point in the Search field and click Search.

Updating reference models (p. 4.. 2. Check the work plane position. Click File > Insert Reference Model. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. 3. 2.. 6. Click User-defined attributes. Modify the properties and then click Modify. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. button to browse for the reference model file. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. If you do not define a reference model file to use. 7. 5.. For more information on user-defined attributes. Click File > Reference Model List. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. if it uses different measurement units). as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. 3. See also Reference models (p. the file does not exist. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. or you forget to click Apply. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. Set the scale of the reference model.inp file.. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box.. see Adding properties. Click the Browse. Open a Tekla Structures model. 4. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 46) Reference model objects (p. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p..

See also Click File > Reference Model List. To update all reference models: 1. 2. Reference models (p. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. 2. Reference models (p. Click File > Reference Model List. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1.. Click Reload all. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. To highlight a reference model: 1... The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 .ifc) Cadmatic (. Select a reference model from the list. but the changes are rarely documented. switch. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated.3dd) WebViewer (. 2. See also Reference models (p. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.. you can highlight them. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. Click File > Reference Model List. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache.xml) 3D DWG (.. 2.. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. See also Reference models (p.

select Inserted to see the added objects. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. 3. For example.To view changes in a reference model: 1.. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. See also Reference models (p. To view reference model layers: 1. 2. Click Display. Double-click the reference model. Double-click the reference model. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. button next to the Old file name field.. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. 4.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 66) Concrete parts (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. • For steel parts. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. When you create or modify a part. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. and user-defined profiles. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 53) User-defined profiles (p. A parametric profile. 51) Steel parts (p.. 2. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 53) Parametric profiles (p. parametric. click the Select. button next to the Profile field. 52) Standard profiles (p.. Icon Description A standard profile.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p.

select the Show details check box. 6. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . Click Apply or OK. For example. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. • To select a recently used profile. Select a profile from the list. • To see all the properties of profiles. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. See also Profiles (p. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. X. Click Modify. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . You can add profiles to the profile catalog. If you select a parametric profile. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. See also Profiles (p. and *. the profile catalog contains standard. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. use the Profile name list box. For concrete parts. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. By default. /. See also Profiles (p.• 3. environmentspecific profiles. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. 4. select the Show all profiles check box. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. so you should not edit them. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. • 5. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. See also Profiles (p. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. click the button next to the Shape field.

Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. select the Show aliases check box. For example. Click Select. and so on. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. • To see all the properties of materials. partial safety factors. See also Materials (p. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. Click Apply or OK. or names used in different countries or standards. porosity. 2. 3. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. The Select Material dialog box appears. next to the Material field. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. 6. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. • 4. select the Show details check box. including the modulus of elasticity. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. Poisson’s ratio.. Select a material from the list. and thermal dilatation coefficient. such as strengths.Materials When you create or modify a part. 5. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. they can be former names. Click Modify. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. For example. or country-specific properties.

Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used.. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. When drawings of the parts are created. text. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Attributes can consist of numbers.. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. or lists.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. or in projects. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 .

and template attributes in a model view by using part labels.. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. 2.. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. go to the Advanced tab. and Moment User field 1. Tension. user-defined attributes. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. In the Display dialog box.4 Connection code Can be used. See also Part properties (p.. See also Part properties (p. Select the Part label check box. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults.. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part.. 3. User-defined fields. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p.. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Each end of a part can have a different connection code. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Click Display. 4.

b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. 2. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. a Select a property in the Properties list. Tekla Structures displays the handles. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. you position it by picking points. See also Moving a part using handles (p. 6. just drag the part to a new position. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. Click Modify. Select the part. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. The points form the part reference line. The Part label dialog box appears. the rest are magenta. Part labels (p. If Drag and Drop is switched on. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. 3. Select the handles. Move the part like any other object. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. b Click Add.2 Part position When you create a part. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . 58) Part positioning tips (p. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. When you select a part. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. 7. for example. The handle of the first end point is yellow.5. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. 56) 3. See also Part position (p.

Hold down Shift to override this. • • • To change the overall position of the part. For example. 2. On the Position tab. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. select the Part reference line check box. Modify the settings. 4. enter a value in the corresponding box.. Click and drag to select a position. click and drag the green rotation angle knob.. 3. To change the rotation angle. Part position (p. See also Click View > View Properties. Click Modify. to open the Display dialog box. The object moves in the model accordingly. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. 2. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. Click Modify and OK.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. 3. use the round selection dial. modify the desired position settings. Plane offset. Click Display. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .. On the Advanced tab. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. Click in the Mini Toolbar. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. 2. See also Position on the work plane (p.. To change the Angle. or Depth offset.

you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 64) Bending (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. 59) Position depth (p. 63) Levels (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 60) Vertical position (p. To do this. 62) End offsets (p.Rotation (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis.

Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 . relative to its reference point.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. relative to its reference point.

Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. relative to its reference line. You can enter positive and negative values. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part.

In this example. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. Use to define the position of the second end. relative to the picked point. not at the level you picked. you can enter the positions of the part ends. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . you must modify their bottom level position.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. To position the upper columns correctly.

To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. Alternatively. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. You can also define the plane of curvature. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. for example a curved beam. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700.Top level = 1000. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. you need to specify the number of segments. the less angular the part appears. which is relative to the current work plane.

Click the Create column icon. 2. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 58) 3.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. Pick the position of the column. See also Creating a steel column (p. 3. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. Optional: Modify the steel column properties.

Optional: Modify the steel beam properties.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. Click the Create beam icon. See also Steel beam properties (p. 2. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Click the Create polybeam icon. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 218) Levels (p. See also Steel column properties (p. You can also create bent plates with this command. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the end point. 4. 3. 3.

Pick the starting point again. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 3. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. See also Steel beam properties (p. 3.4. 5. Pick the starting point. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Click the Create contour plate icon. 2. Double-click the end point. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. Optional: To create curved segments. 5. 2. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. Pick the starting point (1). Pick a point on the arc (2). 4. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 106) Steel beam properties (p. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the end point (3). 4. To create a contour plate: 1. 5. Click the Create curved beam icon. 218) Bending (p. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties.

5. 2. Pick the position of the beam. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 3. 6. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 69) Contour plate properties (p.. from the list box. 219) Chamfers (p. See also Creating a contour plate (p.. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 68) Contour plate properties (p. Click Modify. 7. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Select the plate. 4. 2. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field.See also Creating a round contour plate (p.

Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 221) 3. Pick the starting point. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. 2. You can change the main part in an assembly. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Pick the end point.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. See also Twin profile properties (p. To create a twin steel profile: 1. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. or by joining assemblies together. By default. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 4. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. 3. See also Creating an assembly (p.

Assemblies (p. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. 76) Assembly examples (p. 3. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly.Exploding an assembly (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. 2. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. 2. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. Creating an assembly (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1.

Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 6. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 5. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. 3. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. In the Connect part/assembly list box. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. 3. 2. select As sub-assembly. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. In the Connect part/assembly list box. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 4. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 4. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Pick the bolt group origin. 2. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. Using welds to create assemblies (p. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. Click Apply or OK. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. select As sub-assembly. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. Assemblies (p. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. You can create workshop welds and site welds. When you connect assemblies. Click Apply or OK. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. 5. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. 6. 7.

Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. To work with nested assemblies. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. from single parts and bolts. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. through the basic and sub-assemblies. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. 74) Joining assemblies (p. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . See also Assemblies (p. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.

etc. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. and still produce dimensions. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. marks. for all assembly levels. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the part you want to add. Select the assembly to add to. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. 2. Adding objects to assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 3. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 2. Select the assembly to add to. fabrication information.

Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Changing the main assembly (p. 2. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Select the assemblies you want to join. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. 2. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 2. Tekla Structures changes the main part. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 2. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 2. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. You can change the main assembly at any time. See also Select the new main assembly. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. Select the new main part. c Select the assembly. 4. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 3.

Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column.main part Concrete . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. See also Assemblies (p. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. and then attached to the column in another workshop.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. always starting from the highest level. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. • To only explode the sub-assembly. To explode an assembly: 1.main part Steel part .Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 2.

See also Creating a pad footing (p. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. Assemblies (p.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . 78) Creating a strip footing (p. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. 78) Creating a concrete column (p.Drawing 2. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p.

81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. See also Strip footing properties (p.Creating a concrete slab (p. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Click the Create pad footing icon. 3. chamfer the corners of the footing. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. Double-click the end point. Click the Create concrete column icon. Pick the pad footing position. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the position of the column. 2. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. 5. 3. 4. 2. See also Pad footing properties (p. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. Click the Create strip footing icon. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 2. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box.

2. 2. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Pick the end point. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. 3. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 4. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 4. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Click the Create concrete beam icon. Pick the starting point. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 3. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Double-click the end point.See also Concrete column properties (p. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. Optional: To create curved segments. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1.

80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 7. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. See also Creating a round slab (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. 2. 5. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 3. 4. Click Modify. 5. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Pick the corner points of the slab.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 2. Pick the starting point again. 3. 4. 6. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. To create a concrete slab: 1. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Select the slab. from the list box.

4. For example. Optional: To create curved segments. Cast units can include reinforcement. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 3. Click the Create concrete panel icon. each part is considered a separate cast unit. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. chamfer the corners of the panel. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Creating a cast unit (p. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. By default. Double-click the end point. 225) Chamfers (p.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. 104) 3. 5. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. as well as concrete parts. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 2.

Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 2. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 2. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Select an object in the cast unit. 3. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. such as steel parts and insulation. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 2. Select the new main part. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Adding objects to cast units (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. Cast units (p. 2. Adding objects to cast units (p. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. 4. 83) Casting direction (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. Select the objects you want to add. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 4. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. 3. See also Cast units (p. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p.

Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 4. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Go to the Cast unit tab. 3. Select the objects you want to remove. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From.main part Concrete . Cast units (p. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Cast units (p. 2. 2. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. 2. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Click Modify to save the changes.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. select Precast or Cast in place. 2. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. Cast units (p. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .main part Steel part . Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. In the Cast unit type list box.

Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. Select a concrete part. 3. 2. To hide the top-in-form face again. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. 2. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. See also Select a concrete part. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. Casting direction (p. See also Cast units (p. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. See also Casting direction (p. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing.

104) Combining parts (p. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 85) Holes (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 117) 4. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. 89) Welds (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 116) Splitting parts (p.1 Bolts To create bolts.

Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 86) Bolt group position (p. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. Select the main part. 227) Bolt group shape (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. Bolts (p. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Creating a bolt group (p. 6. 85) Bolt properties (p. washers. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. Explode the component. 87) Bolt offsets (p. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. 5. 3.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. 4. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. 3. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. which is the bolt group origin. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Modify the bolt group. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. and nuts) while creating holes. 2. 7. Select the secondary parts. See also Apply a component. 2. Pick a point. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. 86) Creating a single bolt (p.

from the bolt group point of origin. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. in the y direction of the bolt group. y coordinate of each bolt. in the x direction of the bolt group. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. Number of bolts. Diameter of the bolt group. x coordinate of each bolt. from the bolt group point of origin. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 .

2. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. relative to the bolt group x axis. 5. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. Click Apply to save the changes. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. Follow the instructions on the status bar. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 3. type 0. select Array from the Shape list box. Under Bolt group. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. 85) Bolt properties (p. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. 4. Bolts (p. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. The starting point values Dx.

90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. Optional: Modify the hole properties. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. reselect the main and secondary parts. 5. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. To create round holes: 1. When prompted. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 4. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. Before creating holes. 2. Holes (p. See also Bolts (p. Click Apply to save the changes. 3. If you do not want to create any bolts. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 2.1. 85) 4. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group.

See also Click Apply to save the changes. select Slotted. 5. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Follow the instructions on the status bar. To indicate which parts should be slotted. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 4. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 2. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. 3. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. If you do not want to create any bolts. Holes (p. 8. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . For example. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. In the Hole type list box.

89) Creating a bolt group (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 94) Weld preparation (p. In the Hole type list box. If you are creating a workshop weld. 6.1. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 86) 4. 4. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. 3. or use a component that automatically creates welds. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 4. If you are creating a workshop weld. Holes (p. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . 2. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. without connecting any other parts. this is the main part of the assembly. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. If you do not want to create any bolts. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. select Oversized. 2. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Click Apply to save the changes. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. 5. Optional: Modify the weld properties. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. In the Oversize field. 3. 7. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Select the part to weld to. Select the part to be welded.

Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. or z). Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 229) Weld position (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. y. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 91) Weld properties (p. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld.

If you are creating a workshop weld. pick the points you want the weld to go through. If you are creating a workshop weld. Select the part to be welded. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 5. 2.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. this is the secondary part of the assembly. this is the main part of the assembly. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. or alternatively. Pick the starting and end point. 3. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 4. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Select the part to weld to.

Select the part that you want to weld. 2. without connecting any other parts: 1.See also Welds (p. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. use the SPD profile. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. pick the points you want the weld to go through. To prevent automatic weld preparation. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. 4. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. See also Welds (p. 2. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. Select the part that you want to cut. or apply a component that does it automatically. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. See also Welds (p. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. or alternatively. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. Pick the starting and end point.

4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . Select the cutting part.3. and tiles. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. 94) 4. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. you change the size of a part).g. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. for example. surface mixes. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. When you create overlapping surface treatments.

select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. b On the Pattern tab. 3. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 2. In the Type list box. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 7. 5. 8. Front. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. In the Surface treatment name list box. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. See also Surface treatment (p. select the type of surface treatment to use. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. select Tile surface from the Type list box. Click the Select. See also Surface treatment (p. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. select the specific surface treatment. 4. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 6. 9. The options are Middle. In the At depth list box. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab.. select the location of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p... Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type..See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. and Behind. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. to select a material from the catalog.

See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. 2. 3. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 2. b Select the part face. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. b Select the part face. 3. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the direction. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. 4. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 2. 4. 3. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . 4.

Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. bottom. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. or right). See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.5. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. left. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top.

To create new surface treatment options: 1. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Open the product_finishes. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.dat file using any text editor.. The file is located in the . Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.

2.. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . a Define the surface treatment type.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users.xml file using any text editor. MF for Magnesium Float. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Magnesium Float.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. See also Surface treatment (p. See also Add rows to define new options. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. Save the file. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. For example. 100) Example pattern definition (p. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. 1 for concrete finish. Open the TilePatternCatalog. The file is located in the . 4. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. For example. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. For example. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. Surface treatment (p.

xml file. and then modify it to suit your needs. 3. 4. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. Save the TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 100) Example pattern definition (p. Other elements are optional. Tiled surface treatment (p. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 .xml file. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements.

the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. starting from the origin of the surface treatment.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.xml file.

bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. Located in the . after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.xml file. Filenames identify the pattern types. Located in the .dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.. herringbone. TilePatternCatalog. For example. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.xml file. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .

you can chamfer part corners and part edges. Optional. defined from the origin of the pattern. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. Optional. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. and concrete panels). 112) Warping concrete parts (p. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. Required. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. At least one required. Tile pattern element. 116) Splitting parts (p. Optional.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. In Tekla Structures. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. See also Chamfers (p. 113) Cambering parts (p. Required. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. 104) Fittings (p. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. Optional. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 115) Combining parts (p. Color of the tile or mortar. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. 100) 4. steel and concrete polybeams. Required. 108) Cuts (p.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. and manufacturing reasons. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. concrete slabs. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Required. The origin of an individual tile.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. practical.

by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 5. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. 4. 3. Click Modify. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. You can modify the default chamfers. which does not change the geometry of the part. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. See also Select the part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. 2. Modify the chamfer properties. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 104) Chamfering part corners (p.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Chamfers (p. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command.

105) Polybeam chamfers By default. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. You can modify the default chamfers.

See also Chamfering part corners (p. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. b Modify the chamfer properties. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . 3. Select the part you want to chamfer. 5. Optional: Modify the chamfer. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. 2.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. 4. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS.

details. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick the first point of the cutting line. which passes through the cutting line you pick. 232) Chamfers (p. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. 4. 3. c Click OK. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick.6. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 104) Creating a fitting (p. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. which makes it easier to create connections. perpendicular to the view plane. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. 2. and so on.

240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. See also Fittings (p. see Fittings affect NC data. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. You must create cuts in a plane view. For more information on how to change this. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. In situations like this. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. use the Cut Part commands instead.

You can cut parts that already have cuts. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. This can be useful.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. for example. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

See also Cutting parts with another part (p. 3. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. Pick the first point of the cutting line. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 5. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 4. For example. 2. Pick the side you want to remove. 109) Line cuts (p. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. To cut a part with a line: 1. Select the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 5. Select the part you want to cut. 2. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 109) Polygon cuts (p.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 4. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 3. Cuts (p. To close the polygon. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. See also Cuts (p. This makes it unclear what should be cut away.

3). 3. concrete panels. contour plates. 3. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. 2. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . and strip footings. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. The part cut does not affect other parts.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. Select the cutting part. 109) Part cuts (p. 4. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. 5. Pick an existing corner (1). See also Cuts (p. To cut a part with another part: 1. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. 6. Delete the cutting part. 2. Alternatively. Pick another existing corner (4). concrete slabs. 4. Select the part you want to modify. Pick the corner to remove (5).

113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. • 3. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. Click Modify to warp the slab. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. 4. 6. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. use the dz2 field. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. 5. Modify the chamfer properties. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . 2. For example. Go to the Deforming tab. In the Start field. In the End field. 2. use the dz1 field. Click OK to close the dialog box. relative to the part reference line. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. Move the chamfers. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Fine-tuning part shape (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. 3. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. relative to the part reference line. Click Modify to warp the beam.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer.

which warps the slabs. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 8.Linear dialog box. 5. type a value in the appropriate direction field. To see the warping angle of a single slab. Select the chamfer you want to move. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. Click Move. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Click OK to close the dialog box. 4. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. 7. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. 6. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 2.4. For example. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. and go to the Deforming tab. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. In the Move . Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. For example.

in other words. and embeds in the model. In the Cambering field. including the template output. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Cambering parts (p.See also Warping concrete parts (p. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 4. When drawings are created. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. define the degree of camber. 3. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 2. skews. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Go to the Deforming tab. Click Modify. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. 104) Cambering a part (p. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. Cambering affects the position of cuts.

Go to the Deforming tab. Click Modify. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. When you select the parts you want to combine. enter a negative value. 4. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. Go to the Deforming tab. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 2. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. 3. 2. 4. For example. define the degree of shortening. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. 3. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. See also Combining two parts into one (p. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. Shortening and lengthening parts (p.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 115) 4. In the Shortening field.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. In the Shortening field. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

See also Combining parts (p. Click Edit > Combine. Combining parts (p. Select the part you want to attach. Select the part to attach to.1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . curved beams without offsets. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. 3. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. You can use splitting with straight parts. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. 2. 3. 116) 4. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. When you combine parts. 2.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Select the first part. Select the second part. You cannot split polybeams.

Splitting parts (p. 4. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. Pick a point for the dividing line. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. Select the part you want to split. Select the part you want to split. If you split contour plates that have bolts. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. See also Splitting parts (p. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. See also Click Edit > Split. 2. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . check the result after splitting. 2. 3. Click Edit > Split. and on the same side of the part. 3. welds or surface treatments.

or a combination of both. 142) 5. You can use a mouse. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. See also Zooming the model (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. Scroll forward to zoom in.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 128) Visualizing project status (p. 121) Moving the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. or pull out for a wider view. 135) Checking the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p. 119) Rotating the model (p. and backward to zoom out. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . you can move and rotate the model. 122) Flying through the model (p.

For more information on each command. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. 2. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. • See also To zoom out. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. b In the View type list box. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. Zooming the model (p. press Page Up. press Page Down. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. See also Viewing the model (p. If this option is off. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. c Click Modify. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. Create a zoom window. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. Open a wire frame view of the model.If you do not have a wheel mouse. Place the mouse pointer over the model. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. select Wire frame.

See also Zooming the model (p. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . zoom in and out in the zoom window. menu commands. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. In wire frame views. Click the Magnifier icon. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. To change the level of magnification. and then drag the pointer to size the window. To rotate the model.e 3. 4. As you move the pointer in the general view. keyboard shortcuts.

3. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Click Modify. See also Rotation settings (p. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. 3. 2. For more information on each command. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. and then pick a position in the view. 2. 213) Viewing the model (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 2. Press Ctrl + R. To relocate the center of rotation. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. 2. press v. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Pick a position in the view. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Select a view. 2. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. 5. You can also adjust the field of view setting. scroll with the mouse wheel. 2. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. To fly through a model: 1. 2. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. you can travel through a model. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. or Shift+M. drag the mouse in the desired direction. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. Set view projection to Perspective. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. b In the Projection list box. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 4. > Model View. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. 3. To activate the middle button pan. down.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . c Click OK. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. press Esc. 3. Click View > Fly. • To change the flying direction. To stop panning. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. c Click Modify.. Use the up. Move the model using the Pan command 1. To change the camera angle. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. left and right arrows on the keyboard. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. select Perspective. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. • • To move up or down. changing direction and varying the speed as you go.

You can use screenshots in posters.. To finish creating clip planes. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. press Esc. 5. view. To create a clip plane: 1. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. Select a plane.. 4. To stop flying. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. 6. Viewing the model (p. 2. 2. See also To delete a clip plane. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. To move a clip plane. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. brochures. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. Click View > Create Clip Plane. or the entire Tekla Structures window. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . press Esc.• 6.

You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. as a custom component thumbnail.bmp format. Click Capture.. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. 2. To print a screenshot: 1. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. 4. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. 2. 4. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. select Rendered view. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. Under Capture. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels.. Set the desired properties and click OK.bmp) format to use it. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. Click Capture. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . 3.. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . 125) Screenshot settings (p. Click Options. To capture the active view. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. 5. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. Creating a screenshot (p. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom..png) files. To capture the active view without borders. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. select View.3.. Creating a screenshot (p. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. See also Creating a screenshot (p.. 6. select Main Frame. for example. select View without Borders. select Dialog. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. Select Place on clipboard. click Pick view and select a view. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. 7. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom.

126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. Select a part.5. For more information on how to use templates. By default. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. See also Inquiring the model (p. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit..rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs.. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . weight. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. See also Inquiring object properties (p. 2. See also Inquiring the model (p. 126) Object property report templates (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. See also Inquiring object properties (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. see the Template Editor user documentation. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. To inquire object properties: 1. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. or a group of objects. 2. the tool shows the total area. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.. within the model. and length of the selected model object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. Select an object.

The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes.lst file located in the . Open the InquiryTool. • To add more attributes to the tool window. click Add…. or MIN) from the list box. 2.config file: 1.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. and /) to form equations. edit the InquiryTool. • 4. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder.. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. MAX. -. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. To modify the default attributes. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. 3.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. the file contains 65 attributes... You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window.. use the Up and Down buttons. 2. Click Manage contents. For example. Use the InquiryTool..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. • To create new calculated attributes. • To modify the calculated attributes... The file is located in the .config file in any standard text editor. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . By default. • To change the order of the attributes. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box... 3. AVERAGE.config file in the . *. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears... Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. click Edit. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. • To remove attributes from the tool window. Change the position number of the new attribute. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.

3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. DATATYPE. 216) Representation options In rendered views. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p.4. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 3. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . to open the Display dialog box. 132) Object groups (p. 2. Save the file. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. 6.lst file. 126) 5. DISPLAY_NAME. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 132) Object representation settings (p. Click Display. 128) Display settings (p. 128) Representation options (p. For example. 5. Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. UNIT. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file.. Modify the NAME. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. When you redraw a view.

e. component objects are displayed as Rendered. component objects are displayed as Rendered. Parts are transparent.e.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . parts are transparent. i. Example In this example. In this example. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. underlying parts are not visible. surfaces are not. i. and their surfaces are shaded.

Other parts are almost completely transparent.. 3. Select the parts you want to hide. Click View > Hide Part. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1.5 and Shift+1.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them.. To completely hide the parts. parts are not transparent. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All..5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components.e. 2. This option is useful. This can be useful. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. Showing and hiding objects (p. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. • • See also To make the parts visible again. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines.. for example. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. when viewing clash check results in a large model. The parts are shown as sticks. To hide selected parts: 1. i. for example. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts.

Select the assembly you want to hide. fittings. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. To display a part with exact lines: 1. 2. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. The unselected parts become almost transparent. cuts. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. To make the parts visible again. To show the unselected parts as sticks. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. To clear the exact lines effect. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. See also Select the part. 2. Showing and hiding objects (p. welds. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. 3. and other details belonging to the assembly. 2. Click View > Redraw All. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. Showing and hiding objects (p. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. 4. click View > Redraw All.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. bolts. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. 3. To completely hide the unselected parts. Right-click and select Redraw View. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Hide an assembly 1.

type a value or select one from the model. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . to open the Object Representation dialog box. c In the Value list box. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. b Select options from the Category. 4. Click Object group. Property. Right-click and select Redraw View. 128) Refreshing views (p. 128) Refreshing views (p.. a Click Add row. and Condition list boxes.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. welds. d Add more rows.. 133) Deleting an object group (p. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 3.Representation dialog box. 2. Select the component you want to hide... 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 133) Visualizing project status (p. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. Click View > Redraw All. and other details belonging to the component. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Modify the object group settings. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. to open the Object Group . 128) Creating an object group (p. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. 2. Tekla Structures displays all bolts.

238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. Object groups (p. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 2. See also Object groups (p. Object groups (p. and they have the file name extension *. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. • To make an object group available in all models. Object groups have the file name extension *. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. 2. copy the file to the system folder. Select the object group you want to copy.5. Restart Tekla Structures. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. 6. For example.PObjGrp. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Select where you want to copy the object group. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. 3. Click Save as to save the object group. • To make an object group available in another model.PObjGrp. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. and to create customized presentations of defined objects.

3. Click Add row. 5. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 6. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 2. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 8. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. If an object belongs to several object groups. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. 7. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p.. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 9.. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 4. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. To create object representation settings: 1.

2. 133) 5. 133) Color settings (p.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. See also Creating a visualization (p. To create project status visualizations. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. Apply. and they have the file name extension *. 3. or OK. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. 2.rep. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. • To make the settings available in another model. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. Select where you want to copy the settings. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1.rep. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. Restart Tekla Structures. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . Object representation settings (p. • To make the settings available in all models. copy them to the system folder. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. For example. See also Object representation settings (p. See also Object representation settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p.

• To make the settings available in all models. 4. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. To view the visualization in the model.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 3.. click the step buttons. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. Restart Tekla Structures..4d. copy them to the system folder. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. See also Visualizing project status (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 2. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. See also Visualizing project status (p. 2. a In the Object representation list box. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. 3. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. Restart Tekla Structures. and they have the file name extension *. Visualizing project status (p. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. 6. 5. select one of the predefined object representation settings. 2. Modify the visualization settings. • To make the settings available in another model. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1.4d. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*.rep) and object group files (*. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. 4. Select where you want to copy the settings. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. c Define the length of the time step. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button.

4. 5. See also Visualizing project status (p. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. 3.Representation dialog box. 6. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. select Object. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. Click View > Representation > Object representation. Finally. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. to open the Object Representation dialog box. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. b In the Property list box. to open the Object Group . a In the Category list box. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. 7. To make it easier to select parts. 3. After that.. select Earlier than or equal. On the Status tab. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.. Visualizing project status (p. select INSTALL_PLAN. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute.. Click User-defined attributes.. 2. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled.. select Select date. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model.. See also Click Modify.. Click Object group.In the following example. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. To define an erection schedule: 1. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. d In the Value list box.. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. e Select Review date and click OK. To create the object group: 1. The Select Date dialog box appears. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . 8. c In the Condition list box.

3. See also Object representation settings (p. scheduled_erection_date. In the Object representation list box. 4. b In the Object group list box. To create visualization settings: 1. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. select Color by class. 138). 5.. 5. Click Save as. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. To create object representation settings: 1. enter a name for the group. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. d In the Transparency list box. b In the Object group list box. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Define the length of the time step. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 4. In the box next to the Save as button. 3. See also Object groups (p. 5. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. enter a name for the object representation settings. 2. For example. 137).. In the box next to the Save as button. a Click Add row.. d In the Transparency list box. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. a Click Add row. Click Save as. 132) Visualizing project status (p. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. select Visible. c In the Color list box. enter a name for the visualization. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 2. c In the Color list box. select Color by class. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. select the object group you just created.4. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. select the object group All.. plan_same_or_before_review_date. select Hidden. 7. you will create project status visualization settings. In the box next to the Save as button. 6. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. 133) Visualizing project status (p. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. For example.

Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Click Load. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 .. 3. 4.See also Visualizing project status (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box.. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. 138). To view the visualization in the model. In the list box next to the Load button. 2. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. click the step buttons. To visualize the erection schedule: 1.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Measuring objects (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 149) Finding distant objects (p. it is useful to check the model for errors. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 135) 5.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p.

143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. Measuring objects (p. 4. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command. 3. See also Measuring distances (p. Pick the end point. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. Select a part. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 2. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . Pick the starting point. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. Measuring objects (p. 2. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 2.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Select a bolt group. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. All measurements are temporary. 4. 5. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. Pick the center point. 3. the distance between two points and between bolts. Pick the end point. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. 143) Measuring angles (p. Pick the starting point. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear.

149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . If you are checking a reference model for clashes. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. bolts. or reference model objects that collide.See also Measuring objects (p. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p.

select a row in the clash check log. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. Click Tools > Clash Check. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. If colliding objects are found. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. To locate the colliding objects.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Select the objects you want to check. You can continue working during the clash check. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. 3. or stop checking. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 2. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. you can choose whether to continue checking. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 .

Only certain object properties affect this flag. The clash is not new.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. or missing. In the model. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. double-click a row. See also To highlight a clash in the model. 3. When the clash check is complete. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. When you re-run clash check. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. 2. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click to check the objects. If the object has been modified (for example. resolved. 4. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. if the profile has changed). To see which properties have an effect. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. modified. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. select a row in the list of clashes. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. 1. You can continue working during the clash check. 2. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. right-click one of the column headings. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. A check mark it is visible. 5. Clash Check Manager (p.

Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. 3. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Click OK. In Clash Check Manager. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . select the clashes whose priority you want to change. Click . . 2. In Clash Check Manager. 2. select a session. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. In the Open dialog box. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 3. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. 3. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. See also Clash Check Manager (p. 2. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager.

Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. 5. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . Click Tools > Options > Options.. Click In the Save As dialog box. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. By default. 2. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field.To Save the active session Do this Click . go to the Clash check page. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.. the clearance will be zero. If you clear the check boxes. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. Click Apply or OK. 3. enter a new name. See also Clash Check Manager (p. In the File name box. In the Options dialog box. If the fields are empty. Click Save. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. icon. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 5. 2. Modify the bolt clearance values..\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder.00. 4. Save as. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. 3. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. . Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings.. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. Planning your numbering series (p. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. P1002. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. 154) Family numbers (p. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. P1003. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. When you run numbering. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. Example For example. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project.. To save time. For example. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If you do this. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. such as plates. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1.

This can be used. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. b Select a numbering series from the list. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. Defining numbering series (p. and then click Add. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. Under Compare. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. Under Numbering series. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box.1. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. 4. they get unique qualifier numbers. Go to the Family numbering tab. define a part prefix and a start number. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. for example. See also Defining numbering series (p. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 3. However.. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”.. Click Modify. When you use family numbering. 3. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. 2. go to the Cast unit tab. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. 2. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. 4. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. See also Family numbers (p. Click Apply.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1.. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. If you select all the check boxes. clear the existing numbers. Family numbers (p. Click Assign. 7. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. but not all of them. In the Assign Family Number dialog box.. 6. c Click Apply or OK. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. If you do not select any check boxes. 4. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. b Modify the settings. 161) 6. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields.Select at least one check box. Update numbering in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. only one family number per series is assigned. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 5. 3. If a series overlaps another. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. See also Defining numbering series (p.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box.. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . For more information on each command. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. 155) Clearing numbers (p. 2.

The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. See also Numbering objects (p. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. the x coordinate. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. If you add new parts.See also Numbering settings (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. However. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . However. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. In this case you should renumber the parts. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. 158) Changing numbers (p. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. The default start number is 1. The prefix varies based on the part type. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 159) Clearing numbers (p. for example. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. 158) Control numbers (p.

When you assign control numbers. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. their z coordinates are also compared. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. See also Select the parts. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. With negative directions (such as -X). Second direction is Y. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). you can specify in what order to assign control numbers.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. Example In the following example. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. Numbering objects (p. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 2. For example. the sort order is X Y Z. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. if First direction is -X. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. their y coordinates are also compared. and Third direction is Z. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number.

To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. select Lock or Unlock in the Status.. number the model. b In the Step value field. 5. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part.. and then click Create. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. etc. To only consider specific parts. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. 8. or specific parts. Click Apply. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. specify which parts get control numbers. select the parts in the model. 11. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. do not select any parts. to assign the control numbers 2. See also Control numbers (p. Indicate which parts to consider. 5.See also Numbering objects (p. 4. a In the Start number of control numbers field. In the Renumber list box. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. See also Control numbers (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. assembly. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . define the interval. 6. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. Click Apply. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. • 3. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. or family numbers after you run numbering.. 4. do not select any parts in the model. multi-position. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. and then click Create. type the first control number to be used. 8. 7. select the parts. For example. 158) Control number settings (p. 2. 3. 2. Define the control numbers to be used. This command does not change the numbering series. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. In the Numbering list box. In the Status list box. • To consider all parts in the model. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts.

Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. See also Numbering objects (p. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. To clear the position numbers: 1. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. Next time you run numbering. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. 4. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. 3. See also Numbering objects (p. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. This is for information only and the number is still changed.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. Set the desired properties. To create a standard-part model: 1.1. Select an object. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Assign. 2. For more information on each command. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. If the number you specified is already in use. This functionality only applies to steel parts.

it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. Number the model. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. especially before producing drawings or reports. 2. 9.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Open another model. 4. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. and so on). 8... 10. 5. 156) 6.For example. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. see Numbering history log. See also Numbering objects (p. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. Click Check for standard parts and Apply..5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. STD2. Delete all unnecessary items. 11. StandardParts. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. and that it points to the correct standard-part model.. Save the standard-part model.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then.. See also Numbering objects (p. > Numbering... 13. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. Explode all components. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. 3. 7. For information on how to interpret the log file. 12. 156) 6. If you have selected the Part name check box.. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. STD1.

162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Number the model. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. 159) 6. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. Number the model. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. Number the model. 4.2. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Modify one of the beams. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 3. Unless you want to repair the entire model.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 156) Changing numbers (p. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. 5. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. All the beams have the part position number P1. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. See also Numbering objects (p. 5. 6. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. 2. To number identical beams: 1. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. 4.

155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . but each pair has a different length. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. but the holes are different. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. All beams have the same profile. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. The parts have the same main profile. and each pair has the same length.

To number anchor rods and columns: 1. 7.. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. and another one for steel columns. 8.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 9. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. and then click Apply. 6. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. 4. Create steel columns. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. 10. Select one of the steel columns in the model. and then click Apply. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Select the Column orientation check box. To number parts in selected phases: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 3. Before you start. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 2. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. divide the model into phases. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase.. 5. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time.

5. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. Select the parts you want to number. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Modify the numbering settings.. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2.. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. 3. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. Select one of the parts you want to number. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. 4. 7. and then click Apply. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. For example.

you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. 164) General numbering settings (p. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project.

174) Parametric modeling (p. 167) Phases (p. 172) Lotting (p. and categorize object types. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . lots. 181) 7. based on purchasing contracts. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 171) Sequences (p. You can classify information according to your needs.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. and erection sequences. for example. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects.

168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. See also Creating logical areas (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. You can create new logical areas for your own needs.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p.

. 5. right-click the selected section or story. a Right-click Object Types. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . Click Tools > Model Organizer. Click Tools > Model Organizer. To make it easier to view and select parts. a Right-click Logical Areas. Organizing the model (p. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). Select a section or story in Model Organizer. 3. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. In the model. 4. Create object type categories. b Click New Object Type. In large projects. 3.. In Model Organizer. c Click New Section. b Click New Building. You can also create subtypes for object types. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . 4. Create a path structure. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. In the model.. d Click New Story. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. You can create new object type categories for your own needs.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. select the area for the section or the story. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings.. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts.. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). See also Organizing the model (p. and select Add Selected to Category.. 2. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. See also In Model Organizer. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. 2.

2. Select the objects in the model. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. 2. 1. To show all objects again. Select the new area in the model. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To show all objects again. 1. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. Drag the category to another location. 3. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. See also Organizing the model (p. See also Organizing the model (p. 2. 2. 1.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 2. 3. 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. Right-click and select Remove from Category. right-click the category and select Redraw View. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Drag the objects to another category.

you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. 2. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. 167) 7. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. hide objects. You then copy this basic model to all users. Click OK to confirm. c Phases (p. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. according to their phase number. 2. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. 3. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase.. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object.. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. 3. Click Tools > Phase Manager. For example. Right-click and select Delete. 3. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. You can create reports and views. a To identify the phase of an object. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. 5. etc.. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. select an object and click Phases by objects. Click OK to save your changes. and then click Modify phase. Click Add to create new phases. the columns.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. select a phase from the list. 171) Custom phase properties (p. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences.). Each user then works on a separate part of the building. and copy objects from other models. 4. Divide the model into phases.. When a part of the model is completed. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types... TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . for example. 4. From now on. This is phase 1. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. select the objects. Organizing the model (p. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. First create a basic model that includes.

Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. 3. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. 5.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. 4. add a new user-defined attribute. "0. The value_type must be integer. You can define several sequences for different purposes. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences.0".3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. integer. a Open the objects. MY_INFO_1. none. d Restart Tekla Structures. b In the Part attributes section. To create a new sequence: 1. To finish adding parts to the sequence. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. use the syntax PHASE.inp file. See also Phases (p. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". The first part gets the sequence number 1. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. 171) 7.inp file.0") 2. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. For example. no. To use phase properties in reports and templates. "My Info 1". and so on. "0. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. the second part number 2. c Save the file. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. Type a name for the sequence. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. 6. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . For example. "%d". you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers.inp file.inp file in any standard text editor. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. Click Apply. and the field_format must be %d. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. If you click Yes. Creating a sequence (p.

For example: See also Sequences (p. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. you must redefine the whole sequence. 2. To check the sequence of a part: 1. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. Click Modify. 4. 2. See also Sequences (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Select a part. Click Tools > Sequencer. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. If the sequence changes. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . The sequence name and number are displayed under More. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part.. See also Sequences (p. 5.. Modify the sequence number. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. Click OK or Apply. To finish adding parts to the sequence. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. 3. 4.. MY_INFO_1. 2. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. For example... Click User-defined attributes.See also Sequences (p. 3. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. Select a sequence name from the list.

you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. 3. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. 6. 175) Sequences (p. Click Delete and then click Yes. 172) 7.2. the weight is based on the size. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. 3. Type a lot number in the Number field. With this information. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. Sequences (p. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. In that case. 2. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. For most model parts. Click Properties. length. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. See also Select a sequence name from the list.. When you define lots. Click Add. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. 5. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 175) Deleting a lot (p. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. To view the properties of a part. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example.. 4. For example. See also Lotting (p. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. See also Creating a lot (p. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). However. For example.. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and material of the part..

Select an existing lot from the list.. 3. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 4. 2. Lotting (p. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Select an existing lot from the list. To add parts to a lot: 1. Click Properties. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. 2. Select an existing lot from the list. Click Delete. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. If you simply select parts. 3. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. 2. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot.. When you re-open the dialog box. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. 4. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. See also Lotting (p. Lotting (p. 4. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 3. you will overwrite the contents of the lot.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Click OK to close the dialog box. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. When you hold down Shift. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Click OK to close the dialog box. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. 5. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . 5. Click Apply selected. Click Apply selected. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot.

such as the name of a column. or relationships. Variables can define fixed properties. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p.7. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. between model objects. Create dependencies. the column follows. including its geometry. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. so that when you move the wall. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. For example.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . such as a beam or column. They can also include formulas. location and relationship to other parts.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 53) 7. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. and how to use them in a model. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 .. Open a Tekla Structures model. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 176) Parametric profiles (p.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. the Sketch Browser. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. and the Variables dialog box.. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 2. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor.. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p.

See also Sketch Browser (p. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. dimensions. tree-like structure. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. arcs. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. circles. and vice versa. constraints. 182) Variables (p.

The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. Lines. Variables can define fixed properties. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. or they can include formulas. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. arcs. 1. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model.. 1=Line . or 2) and thickness of the sketch. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 .

Pick points to create each line segment. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. Ensure that you create a closed shape. To sketch a polyline: 1.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. See also Sketching a polyline (p. such as a cold rolled section. and circles. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. 4. arcs. 185) Sketching a circle (p. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. 184) Sketching an arc (p. 2.

Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . 2. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). Open the cross section sketch editor. 2. To sketch a circle: 1. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Open the cross section sketch editor. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). To sketch an arc: 1. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Pick three points to define the arc.

189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. Select a line in the sketch (1). 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. you can straighten lines. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. For example. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. Before you start. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. Select another line in the sketch (2). 3. To add a parallel constraint: 1. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. close the shape. To straighten the entire profile. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. force lines to meet. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. Although the shape is locked. and add chamfers in corners. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . create 90 degree angles. you can still rotate the profile in the model.

Select another line in the sketch (2). Before you start.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. The lines do not have to intersect. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. by extending or shortening one or both lines. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. 3. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Select a line in the sketch (1). See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. The lines do not have to intersect.

Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active.1. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Pick the end of the second line. 2). 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To add a fixed constraint: 1. 4. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Before you start. 2. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 3. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. See also Select a line in the sketch. Pick the end of the first line (1).

See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Click Refresh. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Select the constraint you want to delete. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2). 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Before you start. 2. 4.

191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. To add a radial dimension: 1. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. Before you start. if you create the dimension marked in red. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. In the following example. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. Select the arc or circle. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p.

If you are unable to see the angle symbol. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. 3. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). 3. between two points you pick. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . Select the second line (2). To add an angle dimension: 1. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. Select the first line (1). Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. Before you start. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click to show the connection positioning planes. 4. Select the connection positioning planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Change the Value field. 2. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 2. Select the part positioning planes. 4. Click to show the part positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click Modify. To revert to the default positioning planes. 3. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. 2.

198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. 5. special characters. 2.db1 file. Click Save sketch as . 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. and then click OK. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. To save a sketched cross section. Type a name in the Prefix field. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. or blank spaces in the cross section name. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. 2. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. Click Save sketch . Type a new name in the Prefix field.4. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Update an existing cross section 1. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib.bin file. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. Click Save sketch . for example. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. You cannot include numbers. and then click OK. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. 2.

Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. Click Modify. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. 5. See also next to their name. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. 2. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. Double-click an object to modify its properties. Close the object properties dialog box. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. 3. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. 4. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 6. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. Click OK to close the dialog box. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. 2.. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 5.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. such as a cold rolled section. To modify a chamfer: 1. 7. you can create rounded cross section corners. Modify the object properties.. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 4. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box.

b Type the extrusion type number (0. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 2. depending on the extrusion type. When you change the thickness. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. outwards. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. In the cross section sketch editor.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. In the Sketch Browser. sketch an open polyline. Type the value of the thickness after =. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. P1) after =. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . or 2) after =. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. define the default value for the parameter variable. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. P1). or symmetrically in both directions. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. In the Formula column. 1. 3. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. 4. the profile grows inwards.

201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section.. click the Select. you are ready to use it in the model. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 5. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. If you have applied constraints correctly. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. • For steel parts. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. 2. button next to the Profile field. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. click the button next to the Shape field. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 7. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. 4. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. Open the Select Profile dialog box.. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. Click OK to apply the changes. See also For concrete parts. Pick points to place the part in the model. 6. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. • 3.

Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. Save the image in bmp format in the . for example.. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. for example Microsoft Paint. Use the cross section name as the filename. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 4. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary.. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder.uel). To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. mysketch. 2. 5. 3.bmp. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. 201) Creating a screenshot (p.

Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. 8. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 4. 2. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. By default.. Select the cross sections you want to export. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER.uel). 6. from the pop-up menu. Click OK. To import sketched cross sections: 1. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. 3. select Sketched profiles from the list box. right-click and select Import. In the Import Components dialog box. 7. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. In the component list. 6. Select the file to import. you need to import both the cross section and profile. 2. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . 3. 4. To use profiles from a model. Click OK. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. In the Export Components dialog box. To export several cross sections.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. To automatically import all *. or copy the profdb..uel files from a folder when creating a new model. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. from the pop-up menu. 5.. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. Right-click and select Export. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1.bin file. browse for the folder. Select Sketched profiles from the list.. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. 7. 5.

you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 2. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. Open the cross section sketch editor. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. Finally.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. you will use the cross section in a model. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. When you use the profile in the model. At this stage. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . After that. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions.

Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands.3. 4. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p.

h1. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. command to create the distances h1. enter the following values for the distances: 4. In the Variables dialog box. and h2. 5. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. h2. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 198) Variables (p. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. Save the cross section.2. and 3.

3. In the Variables dialog box. b In the Formula box. and then enter =P1. b In the Formula box.00. 3. In the Sketch Browser. c In the Visiblity box. enter Chamfer. Variables (p. enter Thickness. select Show. d In the Label in dialog box box. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. In the Variables dialog box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu.00. c In the Visiblity box.1. 2. do the following: . a Right-click Thickness. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. b Right-click ExtrusionType. select Show. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. d In the Label in dialog box box. 2. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. enter 20. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. enter 10. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. See also Save the cross section. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1.

183) Sketch Browser (p. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 4.4. button next to the Profile field. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 5. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree... 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. click the button next to the Shape field. In the Sketch Browser. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. See also Save the cross section. 199) Variables (p. 2. and select the CSHAPE profile. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click OK to apply the changes. For concrete parts. • For steel parts. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. click the Select. Pick points to place the part in the model. 5. 6. b Right-click Chamfer X. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. and then enter =P2. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. • 3. Open the Select Profile dialog box.

198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

211) Grid line properties (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p. 212) Point properties (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 213) Color settings (p. 233) 8. 227) Numbering settings (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 211) View settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. See also Grid properties (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 212) Rotation settings (p. 215) Part properties (p. 217) Detail properties (p.

y.. z is absolute). 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . y. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. and z directions. Select to bind objects to grid lines.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y .elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Grid lines (p.. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. See also X . Grids (p. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. and z directions (x and y are relative. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane.. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Select to bind objects to the grid line. Option Phase The phase number..

All parts are colored according to their Class property. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . You can filter objects by their ID numbers. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. See also Object representation settings (p. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. The local (work plane) and global x. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. y. which is used in log files. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Coordinates See also Points (p. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Option As is The current color is used.Rotate and Move . Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . and z coordinates of a point. Defines the number of copies created.Option Id The ID number. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Indicates the correct location of the point. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. The rotation angle between the original and new position.

. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Object representation settings (p. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Object is transparent in rendered views. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Option As is The current visibility. The height of the screenshot. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. the settings will be read from that object group. Sets the line width. Object is not shown in the views. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .. There are limitations to pixel density. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. The Options. Saves the screenshot to a file.

Which object group is displayed in the view. See also View properties (p. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view.. When you zoom. or fly through it.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. as do text and points. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. The projection type of rendered views. The appearance of the model in the view. Rotation is view-specific. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. 215) Display settings (p. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). Visible object group Object group. You can zoom. In addition.See also Creating a screenshot (p. See also Views (p.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. Opens the Object Group . Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones.. Display. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. rotate the model. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. the zoom remains on part surfaces.. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D.. text and point size remains the same. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective).. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 .. 215) Grid view properties (p. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. 124) 8. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties.

e. when viewing the entire model. This name overrides the name in the view properties. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Some of these settings may affect system performance. This option increases display speed significantly. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. button displays the current view properties. but skips cuts. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. See also Creating grid views (p. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. The Show. and nuts as solids. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. Exact shows bolts. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Each view plane has its own view properties. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head.. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.g. Reference line shows parts as sticks. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view.. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. no prefix is used. None does not create any views. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. or large parts of it. Exact displays the cuts. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. washers. PLAN +3000.

224) Concrete beam properties (p. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. 218) Contour plate properties (p. See also Steel column properties (p. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . Exact shows holes as solids. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 221) Pad footing properties (p. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. This option is only available in wire frame views.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). 220) Twin profile properties (p. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. When using this option. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 128) 8. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 222) Strip footing properties (p. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. Point size Defines the size of points in views. 218) Steel beam properties (p. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. 223) Concrete column properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed.

etc. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction.prt. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a column properties file is *. The horizontal position of the column. relative to its reference point. How the column is rotated around its axis. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. For example. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The user-definable name of the column.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. Class Used to group columns. and to identify parts of the same type. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The analysis properties of the column. The type of finish. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The design information of the column. relative to its reference point.g. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. The position of the column. The assembly mark series of the column. The material of the column. Creating a steel column (p. hot galvanized. or curved beam. e. Warping. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. fire retardant coating. cambering. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. steel polybeam.clm. and shortening of the column.

For example. Warping.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam.cpl. Creating a steel beam (p. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and to identify parts of the same type. cambering. fire retardant coating. The user-definable name of a beam. e. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. The assembly mark series of the beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The material of a beam. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. and shortening of the beam. The position of a beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. The analysis properties of the beam. The loading properties of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The position of a beam on the work plane. hot galvanized. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. with anti-corrosive paint. The finish type. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. Finish is user-definable. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane.g. etc. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. The design information of the beam. Class Used to group beams.

etc. The material of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. for example PL20. The material of the contour plate. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Creating a contour plate (p. fire retardant coating. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The position of the contour plate. The spanning properties of the plate. in terms of depth. For example.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. perpendicular to the work plane. The design information of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the beam. The finish type.g. The format is PL+ thickness. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The analysis properties of the contour plate.crs. Profile The profile of the contour plate. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. and to identify parts of the same type. and to identify parts of the same type. hot galvanized. e. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. Finish is user-definable. Profile Material The profile of the beam. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. The loading properties of the plate. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *.

It describes how the part surface has been treated. etc. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. relative to its reference point. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . Finish is user-definable. The material of the beams.g. Finish is user-definable. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. hot galvanized. The support conditions of the beam ends. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. with anti-corrosive paint. Class Used to group beams. e. The design information of the beam. relative to its reference point. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. with anti-corrosive paint. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The type of finish. fire retardant coating. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. fire retardant coating. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. and to identify parts of the same type. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. e.Option Finish The finish type. The user-definable name of the twin profile. The horizontal position of the beam.dia. The analysis properties of the beam. etc. hot galvanized.g. The position of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example. How much the beam is rotated around its axis.

For example.cpf. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. and to identify parts of the same type. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. Class Used to group pad footings. The vertical position of the pad footing. The analysis properties of the twin profile. in terms of depth. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. The type of finish. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. with anti-corrosive paint. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . It describes how the part surface has been treated. Defines how the profiles are combined. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Creating a twin profile (p. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. hot galvanized. relative to the beam’s reference line. The offsets of the ends of the beam.g. perpendicular to the work plane. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. e. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. relative to its reference point.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. For example. Finish is user-definable. fire retardant coating. The beam position. The design information of the twin profile. The vertical clearance between the profiles. The material of the pad footing. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The support conditions of the twin profile ends.

The type of finish. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing.csf. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the strip footing. hot galvanized. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line.g. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Class Used to group strip footings. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the strip footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example. e. and to identify parts of the same type. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. etc. with anti-corrosive paint. fire retardant coating. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . Creating a pad footing (p. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. relative to its reference point. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing.

cambering and shortening of the column. For example. hot galvanized. The type of finish. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Warping. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. e.g. Creating a concrete column (p. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The design information of the column. The design information of the footing. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Finish is user-definable. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. with anti-corrosive paint. fire retardant coating.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Define the cast unit series of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. The analysis properties of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. The material of the column. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Class Used to group columns. How much the column is rotated around its axis.ccl. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Creating a strip footing (p. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place.

relative to its reference line.cbm. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. The beam position on the work plane. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The type of finish. hot galvanized. Creating a concrete beam (p. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The loading properties of the beam. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The design information of the beam. fire retardant coating. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends. e. with anti-corrosive paint. etc. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Class Used to group beams. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab.g. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. Warping. The analysis properties of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . cambering and shortening of the beam. Finish is user-definable.csl. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. The material of the beam. The offsets of the ends of the beam.

fire retardant coating. Finish is user-definable.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel.g. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. hot galvanized. The material of the slab. The spanning properties of the slab. with anti-corrosive paint. e. The design information of the slab. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel.g. fire retardant coating. Define the cast unit series of the slab. etc.cpn. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . in terms of depth. It describes how the part surface has been treated. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. The material of the panel. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc. Creating a concrete slab (p. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. For example. The type of finish. The loading properties of the slab. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. The position of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). hot galvanized. Class Used to group panels. perpendicular to the work plane. The type of finish. and to identify parts of the same type. The analysis properties of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. Class Used to group slabs. For example.

The position of the panel. The loading properties of the panel. 227) Weld properties (p. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. relative to its reference line. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. The analysis properties of the panel. The spanning properties of the panel. See also Bolt properties (p. Define the cast unit series of the panel. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. Bolt assembly standard/grade. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. 81) 8. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. 229) Weld types (p. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. Creating a concrete panel (p. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. The design information of the panel. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. The offsets of the ends of the panel.

This allows the bolt to move in different directions.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. group diameter. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. x allowance of a slotted hole. number. -150). in both directions from the bolt group plane. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. For example. Tolerance = Hole diameter . Bolt spacing. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. depending on the bolt group shape. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Extra length Additional bolt length. y allowance of a slotted hole. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. Zero for a round hole. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. enter a negative value for cut length (e. In the illustration below. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. or coordinate.e. If the bolt connects several parts. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. or co-ordinate. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. Zero for a round hole. Bolt spacing. depending on the bolt group shape.g. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin.

Tekla Structures creates the weld. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 .Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. not in drawings. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. but does not display it drawings. bevels. 231). Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. For example. At depth Dx. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. Bolts (p. or groove. Type Angle See Weld types (p. Dy. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. relative to the current work plane. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. The size of the weld. 93). The angle of weld preparation. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports.

for example 50–100. information about the weld specification or process. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. for example. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. To change the separator to @. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. defining the start and end points of the weld. For example. The space between the welded parts. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. To create a non-continuous weld.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. 92). Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. See Weld position (p. for example. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. 72).

Defines the process type. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Welds (p. Defines the electrode strength.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type.

to give plates varying thicknesses. Use these fields. The dimension depends on the chamfer type.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. for example. The dimensions of the chamfer. The name of the chamfer. See also Chamfering part corners (p. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs.

Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. All information on previous numbers is lost. 234) Control number settings (p. 107) 8.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). The shape and position of the second end point. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. See also General numbering settings (p. See also Chamfering part edges (p. and the shape is straight. and the shape is straight. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. and the shape is angled. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . The shape and position of the first end point. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction.

See Assembly position numbers (p. 157). the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. The orientation of beams affects numbering. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. The orientation of columns affects numbering. and save sequence. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. numbering. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. and number of holes affects numbering. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. Numbering objects (p. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. The part name affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . size. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies.

Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Control numbers (p. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Defines the interval between two control numbers. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . No keeps the existing control numbers. If some welds have been removed. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Defines which objects are affected by the change. See also Numbering objects (p.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 2. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 238) Selecting values from the model (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. 241) 9. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. Contents • • General modeling tips (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p.

b Select an object. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. To stop copying or moving objects. In the box next to the Save as button. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . then copying them throughout the model. Click Load to load the properties. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. The dialog box remains open on the screen. enter BEAM. when creating grids and levels in a new model. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. 7. For a project that has several identical floors. or an object group. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. Save time by modeling these areas once. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. then copying it to several levels. Click Save as to save the set of properties. create an empty view or selection filter. and object groups.3. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. try modeling an entire floor. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. 3. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. enter a name for the set of properties. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. Start the Move or Copy command. from simple frames to entire floors. Depending on the project. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. 4. c Enter the values you want to use. Before you start. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. selection filters. This can useful when creating view filters. For example. 2. 6. For example. To use a default set of part properties. 5. for example.

Download and install the application. select the review date. and the middle finger the z axis. or define the number of days before or after the review date. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. click Select date. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. Open the Background color in model editor document. 132) Creating a visualization (p.To select values from the model: 1. In the Value list box. With Xmouse active. and then select an object. the index finger the y axis. 2. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes... • See also Use the Page Up. a b To select an object property. To select a date. you can use the Xmouse option. To activate a view. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. click Select from model. Page Down and arrow keys. 3. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date.. index finger. 2. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. and then select one of the options. 2. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. 3. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. to open the Select date dialog box. When you hold the thumb. Views (p. select one of the options. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . Click Add row. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. 4. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on.. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. You can either select a date from the calendar. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse.

2. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. • • • • If a cut fails. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices.. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 3. Click Display. Cuts (p.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1.. 4. For example. To locate the failure in the model. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. Click Modify. Clear the Cuts check box. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. to open the Display dialog box. use polygon cuts. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. especially in components. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. See also Cuts (p. Try to position the cut at least 0. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. If the component fails. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found.3 mm outside of the part planes.3 mm). Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. Note that after creating the polygon. the cut is more likely to succeed. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts.

Click a row that contains an ID number. move the part handles. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. Hold down F. or use the Fit Part End command. 2. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. 2. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. It can cause problems with connections and details. move the part handles. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Hold down Z. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. Click a row that contains an ID number. To lengthen a part. See also Modifying part length (p. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. This can cause shop errors. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it.

57) Fittings (p. lines and circles. always pick points in the same direction. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. Create points. Use construction planes. For example. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. 40) Points (p. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. pick positions from left to right. y directions).See also Part position (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. Creating a single grid line (p. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. and from bottom to top (in positive x. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. such as beams.

..........................................................................................................................105 corner chamfers .................113 bending.............................................105 edge chamfers.83 top-in-form face ....... 75 joining................. 23 examples................. 75 showing and hiding .................88 a absolute coordinates ............ 72 attaching parts........... 30 angle dimensions ......................................................................................................................107 in sketches .......................81 adding non-concrete objects .................................................... 218 steel polybeams ........ 75 lotting....... 131 sub-assemblies .............. 149 creating ................................................................................ 74 changing the main assembly............................................................................................ 174 nested assemblies ...................................................................... 227 bolt group position .....................................115 concrete beams.......82 cast unit type ..... 85..................................................83 highlighting ............. 191 angles..................84 chamfering...... 117 c cambering parts.......88 bolt spacing ................................................................143 bolting sub-assemblies....... 71 using welds to create assemblies .................................................................................................................................................82 adding objects ......................................................67 warping............................................ 135 beams cambering.......................... 76 highlighting .............................105 corner chamfer types................ 67.....................79 curved beams......................84 changing the main part......83 lotting................................................................82 creating.........................................................................................................................................................Index # 3D models.. 15 views ................................... 88 modifying ...73........................ 79......................................................................................................................................................... 157 removing objects ..........................................................83 casting direction . 86.....................................................................................................................................................157 removing objects .........................174 numbering ....................82 exploding ..........................................................................65 bolts ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 numbering ...............199 b background color changing............................. 225 concrete polybeams ....................................................... 70 adding objects ....73...................................................................................................................................86 bolt offsets .............................................................................................................................................................................. 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .............. 185 assemblies ......................................................... 71............................................................................. 75 changing the main part...................................................................... see visualizing project status .................................................................................148 creating.................... 76 exploding.........................................................................72 clash checking.....................................................87 bolt group shape...............104 corner chamfer dimensions ........................................................... 71 examples.... 71 using bolts to create assemblies .......................................................... 75 comparing ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................83 cast units ....................................................................................69 steel beams ...................................................... 39 4D tool.....................................................68 orthogonal beams................. 143 arcs................115 cast in place..............................

........................................................ 78............................ 117 comparing parts or assemblies..................................146 managing results ................................................................................................ 218 combining parts .. 225 strip footings ..............68.........................132 concrete parts ..........................................................41 construction lines ...................................................................................................................................................77 beams .........................................................187 deleting ....................... 55 classifying information ..................................................................147 list of clashes ..................40 contour plates ............................ 28..............188 parallel ................144 colors ....55 background color ................................................................................ 145.....................239 grid color....23 color settings ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 105...................................................................... 31 columns concrete columns ....................189 fixed ......................................................................238 object groups ........................................79 slabs ............................................................... 146. 78...........................................................................................113 constraints....................................235 coordinates coordinate system.................147 symbols ..................................... 145.......................................................40 construction circles .....................................................................135 project status visualizations ...............................186 coincident............................ 146 clash checking ....................133 object representation settings..................188 horizontal ..................................................................142 circles.......105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................. 232 types and dimensions .......... 159 settings .................. 223 warping ............. 144.........................................41 construction planes........................................................136 corner chamfers .28 copying hints and tips.........................................................................................................146 class.................................................................................................................................................................146 sessions...................................................................................................................187 colliding objects .......................... 116..........................................197 checking the model.........................................................................104.................... 51...............81 casting direction.....................................................................23 background color examples.....................................................187 vertical ................................................................ 158..149 components showing and hiding............. 66................................................124 coincident contraints ...................167 clip planes. 226 polybeams ............................... 79............................................... 78........ 224 pad footings ................ 149 bolts ................... 80...................................................... 224 steel columns.........213 finding RGB values.........147 changing status .................84 columns .......148 changing priority ...................................................................185 Clash Check Manager ....... 225 cast units.........................189 construction objects ................................ 78....................................................checking sketched cross sections .. 81......... 69......... 219 control numbers ...................... 222 panels ...................................................186 perpendicular .......................

...................................................................143 dividing models.......................................................................................................................... 79 concrete columns ... 32 grid views ............................... 78 sub-assemblies .....................48 dimensions angle..............63 erection schedules........................68.............................................................126 adding attributes..............171 e edge chamfers..................... 232 end offsets ........ 108 grid lines...................................................................................... 174 models.........................................76 background colors .....137 creating object representation settings.................................................... 35 welds ... 30 holes.................193 horizontal...........................................................................................................................................................................137 numbering ............ 67 storys........................................................................................................................................................................................ 104................................................................. 165 tile pattern definition ........... 107.......70........................................ 137........................... 93................................................................................................................ 139 erection sequences ...........192 in sketching ...89.... 132 object representation settings ....101 visualizing erection schedules................ 111 part cuts........................................................... 67 steel columns ...................................................................................... 169 orthogonal beams ........ 172 single bolts ......................... 163...................... 38 grids ................................................................................. 69 curved beams...............191 deleting from a sketch ...................................................................... 181 sketching cross sections ........ 91................. 70 views ..............................................191 between two points........................ 78 project status visualizations ........... 168 lots................................................................... 66 steel polybeams ................................... 124 concrete beams...................................................................109 hints and tips ..................... 41 construction planes ........................................................................................................ 109................................... 184 slabs.......127 modifying contents ............................................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section.......................................................... 69 pad footings............................................................................................................ 40 contour plates.............................. 164............................... 136 screenshots.171 exact lines............................... 168 strip footings.................................................................................139 visualizing project status ........... 88 sketched cross sections ............................... 168 sequences..............190 vertical ............................................................... 134 object type categories ............................................................................................................................. 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor............................................192 display settings .........171 object types .........................................................................................................................127 cuts ............... 100 twin profiles ......................................................162.........................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ...................................... 112 polygon cuts ......171 detail properties .. 41 construction lines ..................................................................240 line cuts .................. 68 fittings...................................... 124 sections ....................................................................................................................... 80 standard-part models .........65..................................... 109.............190 radial.....................................................................................................................................................119 examples assemblies ................. 74 object groups.............................................................................................................. 181 curved parts.............138 creating project status visualization settings ..................................................... 90 logical areas ........... 71 bolts...... 160 steel beams..........................131 examining the model ...................................... 79 concrete slabs ................................ 86 cast units ........... 81 concrete polybeams ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 82 clip planes .......227 DGN supported objects ............................................................... 111 d deleting logical areas .............23 creating object groups ..................... 80 construction circles.......216 distances measuring........................................................................................................creating assemblies .... 16 nested assemblies ................................................................................................. 68 Custom Inquiry ....................................................................................................................................... 110...................................... 78 concrete panels............................................................................... 71 tile patterns...............204 defining erection schedules.............................................................

.215 grids coordinates .145 finding distant objects .........................................................................45 hints and tips.......238 parts..........................................................................................................................................................................................30 deleting ... 109........................156 finding clashes ........................................................................exploding assemblies................28 grid lines ..............................212 grid views creating........................33 modifying ...........................................................31 origin................126 object properties .........................................................................................................................................................108 fixed constraints...................149 fittings ..27 hiding assemblies............................62 i identical areas................................................................................................126 j joining assemblies......................26 highlighting assemblies.........................................................................................................................................75 cast units..30 creating.....................42 sketched cross sections.....................................................................76 cast units ........................................................................................................................75 l lengthening parts ..................192 horizontal position ..............................................................................................................................83 reference models ..................................................................155 example ...............................29 properties...................................29 modifying ........31 part labels .............. 111 lines exact ................................................................................................45 selected parts ..................83 exporting sketched cross sections ..................................................................................28 h handles ................................................................................................188 flying through model ...............211 work plane grid ........................................................................................................188 horizontal dimensions .152 reinforcements .....32 deleting ................................................................................................................................ 89...................................................... 90 horizontal constraints .........132 cut lines..............................................................................38 properties.............................33 properties............195 reference lines ...................................................................................................................................32 creating........57 moving ......................................64 line cuts.............240 grid labels ..................................................84 unselected parts ..................................................56 positioning planes .................................................................131 components ..... 31 labels ..................58 reference models .....................................123 footings .............237 holes .................................................................................................................................. 31 line extensions.....153 importing points .....................................57 of positioning planes.................................... 222.............................................................................................................200 f family numbers ...................................................................................................163 modifying ................................................................... 29...........................................130 top-in-form face..........................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............116 levels..............................................................................................................131 local coordinate system ....131 work area ...........................................................31 grid color....................78............................. 28.................................... see tips ...........203 extrusion types.................................................................................................203 inquiring models .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 223 g global coordinate system .........................................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................132 deleting........................................................................ 16 dividing into phases..................132 color settings .... 238 parametric modeling......................167 viewing ...............................135 creating.................................................................. 233............................. 126 moving...........................133 copying ............................153 what affects .log files viewing .......... 163 history........................................................................................................................ 156 settings .......161 identical parts .................. 17 viewing ............................................. 170 lotting...... 54 measuring objects ............................. 151 organizing............................... 58 Model Editor screen layout.................................................. 164........................................................ 21 Model Organizer...............................................159 numbering series...................................................................................................162......................................................................................... 158....................................238 models in a view. 123 inquiring......................................................................... 153........................................................................................ 119 zooming.............................................. 122 numbering ......................................................................... 73.....................................133 creating............................................................................................... 237 identical areas ..............158 reinforcements.......154 preliminary numbers....157 checking and repairing ..................... 169 object types .. 167 rotating .... 167 modeling hints and tips ......................................................................................... 119 flying through model...................................................................................................................... 156............... 15 checking for errors ...................................................................... 154.................................................... 235 standard-part model .......................133 example.................172 series.................................................... 121 saving......................................................................................134 deleting..............................................................................................................138 object types ............................... 114 models about 3D models .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 151............................................................ 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)...................................... 143 bolt spacing ....................152 identical reinforcements ................................ 174 adding parts ................... 155.............................................126 object representation settings............................................... 175 moving hints and tips ........170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ......................................................................160 control numbers.135 example................................... 143 distances ............................................................................................. 143 angles....................167.................................................. 165 family numbers ..................................................137 transparency settings ..............................................................................................................233 m Magnifier...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 175 removing ..........................................................157 cast units ................ 168 viewing ...........................160 user-defined attributes........................57 n nested assemblies........ 171 examining...................... 174 deleting.................................195 using handles ............. 163......................................................................... 241 logical areas ........................................153 modifying ...................................................................................................... 169 o object groups ................................................................................................. 119 modifying logical areas .............................................. 159 examples ....................................................161 clearing..................................................................... 120 materials................................. 74 numbering........ 142 creating ....................................151 assemblies ..................................................................213 copying to another model ................................................214 object property report templates............... 175 creating ............................................................. 234...............152 numbering settings ..........................................................................................................157 sequences .....................122 positioning planes................................ 176 rendered or plan view?............................................. 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ... 156 about numbering .......................................................

.............................220 overlapping numbering series .........184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........149 concrete parts .........................................149 inquiring properties ....................93 polylines .................................................................................................................................................54 changing the profile .....................................55 warping ...242 identical parts........................................................................112 polygon welds ................................77 cutting with another part ...........................................................................................................................81 panning .. see attaching parts .......................................................242 positioning ...........113 perpendicular constraints.52 properties............................................152 labels ..................212 polybeams.............. 112 default properties ........................................................................................................................................212 properties........................................................................................................237 hiding .122 parallel constraints..................................................39 points .......................130 horizontal parts ...56 showing and hiding............objects clash checking ................................................................................... 109................................................................ 111 polygon shapes............................187 phases ...............................117 steel parts ............... 67.........................70 bending ....................................164 plane views ...............................42 coordinates ............................56 part properties........................................................................................176 profiles .......................65 cambering ..................... 173 shortening .....128 offsets .....................241 numbering.......................................115 lengthening in drawings ................................................................................................................ 144........42 phase and ID ...116 comparing ....53 part add.................................171 in numbering ......... 156 part types ..............17 organizing the model ............................56 lengthening .........................................131 showing with exact lines .............................51 sequences ....................... 57.......116 lotting ...................... 79 polygon cuts...............................................................................52 combining ............................................................................212 importing ......................................................................................................176 parametric profiles ..................167 orthogonal beams .............................................................................................................................................63 opening models .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 172................................174 material .................................................................................................90 p pad footings ...................................................................................................................................................................... 154...................................186 parametric modeling ......54 modifying part length ......................156 placing objects in model ........................................................................................242 showing and hiding........................126 measuring............................................ 110...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................239 oversized holes...........................156 views.......217 parts adding to assembly...................................................................................................................131 splitting....................................................................115 shortening in drawings..........................................................................................74 assemblies...................................................116 showing only selected parts............................................................................... 145 defining visibility.................................................................................................... 222 panels ... 58 profiles ...................................115 changing the material ...........................................................52 position .................................66 user-defined attributes ..128 finding distant objects .......................................................................143 numbering...............................................................................................................117 part labels .................................................................................................................. 78...........

.................................................................. 136 creating .............................................. 190 radius...........................................121 parts ................................................................................................... 58 reference model objects .......89 plates.................................................45 inserting.............46 reference points........... 135 copying.... 48 reference models......................................................................................43 clash checking......................... 63 horizontal............ 60 end offsets............... 196 moving..........57................. 94 printing screenshots......................................................48 updating........................................................................45 highlighting ....................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor ...........................................................................................28 reverting to default positioning planes..................................144 hiding.......................................................................................241 representation options ..........................................................153 numbering ....................................................................39 reinforcements identical ..... 65 redrawing views.......................................... 61 positioning planes......................................................... 93 preliminary numbers...............................................................................................80 s saving models.............................. 201 standard ..........................................................................58 round holes........................................................................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes.................................................................239 rotating models.... 53 project status visualizations.........................57 refreshing views...............................48 supported DGN objects ............................................................................................239 right-hand rule ..... 65 depth ................................................................................................................................................149 RGB values ..45 viewing layers.................................................213 rotation angle knob .197 to old clash checking functionality .................................30 rendered views .......position bending ................................................... 138 properties default ............................136................................................................................................................ 62 levels ........................................................... 237 r radial dimensions .............................................................................................69 slabs .161 report templates for inquiring object properties ..............................................128 repairing numbering errors ................................................................................................................................................. 53 sketched profiles .................................................................................................................. 64 on the work plane................. 39 reference lines................... 176 prefixes................36 representation options.......................................................................................................................................45 viewing changes............................................................................................................................ 52 parametric ............157 relative coordinates .....................................................................................44 selecting .................................................................................44 modifying properties ............................................................................................................ 53 separators ..................................................................................... 125 priority in clash checking...................................................................... 59 vertical........................................................ 53 weld size prefix................................... 70 user-defined .............................. 195 reverting to default ......................................................................................................................53.................................. 59 rotation .......................... 136 example.................................................................................................... 47 selecting .....................................128 restoring default work plane ............................................................................................................17 sketched cross sections .. 193 handles.............. 53 twin profiles ....................................................................................... 147 profiles................................................................................ 158 preparing parts for welding.............................................................................126 reports viewing .............................................................................59 rotation settings ...................... 136 deleting...................................................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ...............45 splitting into reference objects.........................................

.................................................................................................................................201 variables .125 saving in bitmap format .....................................................173 modifying ....................................................................................................screenshots creating................................................................ 234....................................................................................................................................................................................58 top-in-form face.................................................................................................................................................................................................26 single bolts ................................................................................................................................. 202...................................................................................84 views...................221 view properties .125 settings ........................................................................................56 parts with exact lines ....................................232 general modeling settings......................132 cut lines..................................................................................................................................................................182 sketch editor.................115 shortening parts in drawings .........238 selection dial .....................................................184 creating images ............................................ 113........................................................................ 235 orthogonal beam properties......216 edge chamfer properties.....................168 selecting dates from model....201 refining the shape .....................................................198 polylines.....................................................................211 grid line properties .....................................................204 exporting ....193.................................................................................................................... 117....... see screenshots ......................................................224 concrete panel properties ....226 concrete slab properties .........................................186 adding dimensions.........88 single grid lines ....................................58 sequences .................................................57 snapshots.219 corner chamfer properties ....................................190 arcs ...........................124 in Windows Vista .................217 point properties.....................................................241 shortening and lengthening parts ........................................................118 standard profiles ...............................................................................214 sections.......................................................................116 showing assemblies.....................229 shifting the work plane .....................................172 adding parts...................................................................................................................................................222 part properties ........227 concrete beam properties......................184 positioning planes ...........................233......................38 work area .................................215 view settings .90 snapping to middle points.................................................240 parts labels ..............197 circles.............................................................................................................. 202........................................................................................186 saving .....131 components ........................................................45 values from model .......215 numbering settings ..............................................................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .......227 display settings ...........................185 creating ..................................80 warping ......185 chamfers ..............................173 settings bolt properties...................................................172 deleting ................................. 118 plates and slabs.............................................................................160 status in clash checking .................................................................................200 importing .................................................................................................................212 grid properties...............................198 sketch thickness ............................. 196 profiles .....147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..................201 example ....................................................................................................32 single-part welds .232 detail properties ..........................................................................................................................................94 Sketch Browser........................................215 weld properties .............................125 printing..........................................................................................199 checking....................................................238 reference model objects ............................................. 203 extrusion types....................................225 contour plate properties..............................................................................48 reference models..........................181 adding constraints...............................................................................................220 pad footing properties....199 using in models........... 114 slotted holes...........53 standard-part models ........................131 positioning planes ....181 sketched cross sections.........173 creating................................................212 rotation settings ............................................211 grid view properties ........218 steel column properties ...................................................................... 203 modifying ........... 194.................................................................173 inquiring .....................................................................................................................................................214 steel beam properties ....124 splitting parts..........223 twin profile properties .....183 slabs...............................................................195 reference lines .....................................218 strip footing properties ...............................225 concrete column properties ....................................................213 screenshot settings........................................................................

. 72 surface treatment ........................................ 104 tips activating overlapping views .......................................... 98 on cut faces........53 v values selecting from model .................................................................................................................. 103 pattern elements ............................................................84 transparency settings ........................ 221 storys.......................................................... 70 beams .................................................................183 vertical constraints.......................189 vertical dimensions ..........................................128 visualizing project status........................................................................................................... 220 polybeams..............................................................................................215 viewing logical areas ................................................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern .................. 101 pattern definitions................. 66 assemblies . 237 finding RGB values for colors..................................................................................................................................................96................ 100 pattern definition example ............................................................136 t testing sketched cross sections ...33 arranging .................................................................................. 67 twin profiles ....................................................................................... 168 strip footings .......................................................................... 242 right-hand rule ......173 views............ 223 sub-assemblies .............................................................................................................................. 68....................................39 temporary ..............................21 user-defined attributes........steel parts..128 view planes.. 95 adding ...........................................................................................................................................................................170 sequence numbers......................................................................176 in sketching ..............................................39 closing .................... 241 placing objects .....................................................................38 overlapping.....................35 opening............................ 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ................................................................................................................................................................... 119......................66......39 switching between views ..................................................................................................... 98 on selected areas..... 71 bolting to existing assembly .................................................................................................... 100 creating new tile patterns .......78.................. 219 curved beams.......................................................................................................................61 view depth ............................................... 97 on part face ....................................... 124 numbering history.....................................................36 view types................ 68 orthogonal beams ........55 in numbering............... 239 selecting values from model.......................................................................238 variables in parametric modeling ......................................... 96 on all faces of part......................................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor ........153 user-defined profiles ..................39 creating...................................................... 97 on chamfered parts ................................37 view settings ...192 vertical position............................................69.................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses...............................................................214 twin profiles................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ..................... 242 cutting efficiently...............................................67.......... 218 contour plates.... 99 modifying.......................................................................................................70.......... 70.............................................36 moving...............215 refreshing ........................................................... 240 defining default part properties....... 238 creating horizontal parts.................................................35 view planes.................................................................................................. 238 modifying part length............................................................................36 visibility of objects................................38 modifying ............. 239 modeling identical areas ..................................239 properties ........................................................................................................................................ 197 tiled surface treatment.......35 deleting.............. 72 welding to existing assembly...............................170 models.... 96 creating new surface treatments .................................. 100 switching between views ............... 69................................... 97 tiled surface treatment..... 218 columns....................................................................... 239 copying and moving efficiently .............................................................................38 naming..........................................161 object types ................................................................................................................................... 39 top-in-form face ...................................................

............................113 concrete parts.................................26 work plane..............................................................................231 welding sub-assemblies .......................................92 weld preparation ......................w warping beams.................................................................36 work area ................................................................................ 93.................................................................93 single-part welds...............120 zoom window ........................................... 91.................... 25.....................................94 weld size prefixes .............................. 94 numbering.........................................................................72 wire frame views .......................................................26 hiding ...........................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................... 229 between parts .........91...................................... 114 welds.................120 with keyboard shortcuts ........................................91 creating...............................................................93 weld types............................................ 113...........................................94 weld position.................................................27 workspace in Model Editor.........28 shifting ..............................................................................................27 restoring.....21 z zooming using Magnifier ..........................................................................................................................................234 polygon welds...........................................................120 zoom settings.............................................................................113 concrete slabs ..120 zooming in or out ................. 128 defining ..................................................................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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