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39311129-Modeling-160-Enu

39311129-Modeling-160-Enu

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Sections

  • Conventions used in this guide
  • 1 Creating 3D Models
  • 1.1What is a 3D model
  • 1.2Creating a new model
  • 1.3Opening a model
  • 1.4Saving a model
  • See also Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17)
  • Saving a model with a different name or location
  • 1.5Model templates
  • See also Creating a model template (p. 18)
  • Creating a model template
  • To create a model template:
  • 2 Setting up the Workspace
  • 2.1Screen layout
  • Changing the background color
  • Background color examples (p. 23)
  • Background color examples
  • See also Defining the work area (p. 26)
  • Hiding the work area (p. 26)
  • Defining the work area
  • Hiding the work area
  • 2.3Work plane
  • See also Shifting the work plane (p. 27)
  • Shifting the work plane
  • Restoring the default work plane
  • To restore the default work plane:
  • Changing the color of the work plane grid
  • To change the color of the work plane grid:
  • 2.4Coordinate system
  • Creating a grid
  • Grid coordinates (p. 30)
  • Grid coordinates
  • Grid lines
  • Creating a single grid line (p. 32)
  • Deleting a single grid line (p. 33)
  • Creating a single grid line
  • Modifying a single grid line
  • To modify a single grid line:
  • Deleting a single grid line
  • Should I model in a 3D or plane view?
  • Creating a view
  • About naming views (p. 35)
  • About naming views
  • View types
  • View planes
  • Moving a view plane
  • Creating grid views
  • Opening a view
  • Modifying a view
  • Deleting a view
  • Switching between open views
  • Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 39)
  • Switching between 3D and plane view
  • Switching between open views (p. 39)
  • Refreshing views
  • Arranging views
  • 2.7Construction objects
  • See also Creating a construction plane (p. 40)
  • Creating a construction line (p. 41)
  • Creating a construction plane
  • To create a construction plane:
  • Creating a construction line
  • To create a construction line:
  • Creating a construction circle
  • To create a construction circle:
  • Importing points (p. 42)
  • Creating a point
  • Importing points
  • 2.9Reference models
  • Inserting a reference model
  • Modifying reference model properties
  • Selecting a reference model
  • To select a reference model:
  • Hiding a reference model
  • Highlighting a reference model
  • To highlight a reference model:
  • Updating reference models
  • Detecting changes in a reference model
  • Viewing reference model layers
  • To view reference model layers:
  • Reference model objects
  • Selecting a reference model object (p. 48)
  • Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)
  • Selecting a reference model object
  • To select a reference model object:
  • Selecting a reference model (p. 45)
  • Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
  • To split a reference model into reference model objects:
  • Supported DGN objects
  • 3 Creating and Modifying Structures
  • Part types
  • Profiles
  • See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 52)
  • Changing the profile of a part
  • To change the profile of a part:
  • Standard profiles
  • Parametric profiles
  • User-defined profiles
  • Materials
  • See also Changing the material of a part (p. 54)
  • Changing the material of a part
  • To change the material of a part:
  • Colors
  • User-defined attributes
  • Part labels
  • Showing part labels in a view (p. 56)
  • Showing part labels in a view
  • To show part labels in a view:
  • 3.2Part position
  • See also Moving a part using handles (p. 57)
  • Moving a part using handles
  • Showing part reference lines in model views
  • Modifying the position of a part
  • Rotation (p. 59)
  • Position on the work plane
  • Rotation
  • Position depth
  • Vertical position
  • Up
  • Horizontal position
  • End offsets
  • Dx
  • Dy
  • Levels
  • Dz
  • Bending
  • See also Creating a steel column (p. 66)
  • Creating a steel column
  • Creating a steel beam
  • Creating a steel polybeam
  • Creating a curved beam
  • Creating a contour plate
  • To create a contour plate:
  • See also Creating a round contour plate (p. 69)
  • Creating a round contour plate
  • To create a round contour plate:
  • Creating an orthogonal beam
  • Creating a twin profile
  • 3.4Assemblies
  • Creating an assembly
  • Creating a sub-assembly (p. 71)
  • Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 71)
  • Using welds to create assemblies (p. 72)
  • Creating a sub-assembly
  • See also Creating an assembly (p. 71)
  • Using bolts to create assemblies
  • Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly
  • To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly:
  • Using welds to create assemblies
  • Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 72)
  • Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly
  • To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly:
  • See also Using welds to create assemblies (p. 72)
  • Adding objects to assemblies
  • Assembly hierarchy (p. 73)
  • Assembly hierarchy
  • Adding parts to an assembly
  • Creating a nested assembly
  • Joining assemblies
  • See also Changing the main assembly (p. 75)
  • Changing the assembly main part
  • Changing the main assembly
  • Removing objects from an assembly
  • To remove objects from an assembly:
  • Highlighting objects in an assembly
  • To highlight objects in an assembly:
  • Exploding an assembly
  • Assembly examples
  • 3.5Concrete parts
  • Creating a pad footing
  • Creating a strip footing
  • Creating a concrete column
  • To create a concrete column:
  • Creating a concrete beam
  • To create a concrete beam:
  • Creating a concrete polybeam
  • To create a concrete polybeam:
  • Creating a concrete slab
  • To create a concrete slab:
  • See also Creating a round slab (p. 80)
  • Creating a round slab
  • Creating a concrete panel
  • To create a concrete panel:
  • 3.6Cast units
  • Creating a cast unit
  • Adding objects to cast units
  • Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 82)
  • Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 82)
  • Changing the cast unit main part (p. 82)
  • Adding concrete objects to a cast unit
  • To add concrete objects to a cast unit:
  • See also Adding objects to cast units (p. 82)
  • Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit
  • Changing the cast unit main part
  • Removing objects from a cast unit
  • To remove objects from a cast unit:
  • Highlighting objects in a cast unit
  • To highlight objects in a cast unit:
  • Exploding a cast unit
  • Defining the cast unit type
  • Casting direction
  • Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 84)
  • Defining the casting direction of a part
  • Showing the top-in-form face
  • 4 Detailing Structures
  • See also Creating a bolt group (p. 86)
  • Creating a bolt group
  • Bolt group shape (p. 86)
  • Bolt group shape
  • Bolt group position
  • Bolt offsets
  • Creating a single bolt
  • Changing or adding bolted parts
  • See also Creating round holes (p. 89)
  • Creating round holes
  • Creating slotted holes
  • Creating oversized holes
  • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 91)
  • Creating a weld between parts
  • Weld position (p. 92)
  • Weld position
  • Weld size prefixes
  • Creating a polygon weld
  • Creating a weld to a part
  • Weld preparation
  • Manually preparing a part for welding (p. 94)
  • Manually preparing a part for welding
  • 4.4Surface treatment
  • See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96)
  • Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96)
  • Modifying surface treatment properties
  • Adding surface treatment to parts
  • Adding surface treatment to a selected area
  • Adding surface treatment to a part face
  • Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part
  • To add surface treatment to all faces of a part:
  • Adding surface treatment to cut faces
  • To add surface treatment to cut faces:
  • Surface treatment on chamfered parts
  • Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses
  • Creating new surface treatment options
  • To create new surface treatment options:
  • Tiled surface treatment
  • Creating new tile patterns (p. 100)
  • Creating new tile patterns
  • Example pattern definition (p. 101)
  • Example pattern definition
  • Tile pattern definitions (p. 103)
  • Tile pattern definitions
  • Tile pattern elements
  • 4.5Fine-tuning part shape
  • Chamfers
  • Chamfering part corners (p. 105)
  • Chamfering part corners
  • Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 105)
  • Corner chamfer types and dimensions
  • Polybeam chamfers
  • Chamfering part edges
  • Fittings
  • Creating a fitting (p. 108)
  • Creating a fitting
  • Cuts
  • Line cuts
  • Polygon cuts
  • Part cuts
  • Cutting parts with a line
  • Cutting parts with a polygon
  • Cutting parts with another part
  • Modifying the shape of a polygon
  • Warping concrete parts
  • Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. 113)
  • Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. 113)
  • Warping a beam using deformation angles
  • See also Warping concrete parts (p. 113)
  • Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers
  • Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab
  • Cambering parts
  • Cambering a part (p. 115)
  • Cambering a part
  • Shortening and lengthening parts
  • Shortening a part in drawings (p. 116)
  • Lengthening a part in drawings (p. 116)
  • Shortening a part in drawings
  • To shorten a part in drawings:
  • Lengthening a part in drawings
  • To lengthen a part in drawings:
  • 4.6Combining parts
  • See also Combining two parts into one (p. 116)
  • Combining two parts into one
  • Attaching a part to another part
  • To attach a part to another part:
  • 4.7Splitting parts
  • See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. 118)
  • Splitting a plate or slab (p. 118)
  • Splitting a straight or curved part
  • To split a straight or curved part:
  • Splitting a plate or slab
  • 5 Examining the Model
  • 5.1Viewing the model
  • Zooming the model
  • Modifying the zoom settings (p. 120)
  • Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. 120)
  • Zooming with Magnifier (p. 120)
  • Modifying the zoom settings
  • Zooming with keyboard shortcuts
  • Zooming with Magnifier
  • Rotating the model
  • Moving the model
  • Flying through the model
  • Creating a clip plane
  • Creating a screenshot
  • See also Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. 125)
  • Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista
  • Saving a screenshot in bitmap format
  • To save a screenshot in bitmap format:
  • Printing a screenshot
  • 5.2Inquiring the model
  • Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 126)
  • Inquiring object properties
  • To inquire object properties:
  • See also Inquiring the model (p. 126)
  • Object property report templates (p. 126)
  • Object property report templates
  • See also Inquiring object properties (p. 126)
  • Using the Custom Inquiry tool
  • Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. 127)
  • Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool
  • Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool
  • 5.3Showing and hiding objects
  • See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 128)
  • Representation options (p. 128)
  • Defining which objects are displayed
  • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 128)
  • Representation options
  • Hiding selected parts
  • Hiding unselected parts
  • Hiding selected parts (p. 130)
  • Showing parts with exact lines
  • Showing and hiding assemblies
  • Showing and hiding components
  • Object groups
  • Creating an object group (p. 132)
  • Deleting an object group (p. 133)
  • Creating an object group
  • Copying an object group to another model
  • To copy an object group to another model:
  • Deleting an object group
  • Object representation settings
  • Creating object representation settings (p. 134)
  • Deleting object representation settings (p. 135)
  • Creating object representation settings
  • Copying object representation settings to another model
  • To copy object representation settings to another model:
  • Deleting object representation settings
  • To delete object representation settings:
  • See also Object representation settings (p. 133)
  • 5.4Visualizing project status
  • Creating a visualization
  • Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 136)
  • Copying visualization settings to another model
  • Deleting visualization settings
  • Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project
  • Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. 137)
  • Example: Creating object groups (p. 137)
  • Example: Defining an erection schedule
  • Example: Creating object groups
  • Example: Creating object representation settings
  • Example: Creating visualization settings
  • Example: Visualizing the erection schedule
  • 5.5Checking the model
  • Measuring objects
  • See also Measuring distances (p. 143)
  • Measuring angles (p. 143)
  • Measuring bolt spacing (p. 143)
  • Measuring distances
  • Measuring angles
  • Measuring bolt spacing
  • Detecting clashes
  • Finding clashes in a model
  • To find clashes in a model:
  • Clash Check Manager
  • Changing the priority of clashes
  • Opening and saving clash check sessions
  • Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts
  • Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
  • Comparing parts or assemblies
  • Finding distant objects
  • 6 Numbering the Model
  • 6.1What is numbering
  • What affects numbering (p. 152)
  • 6.2What affects numbering
  • Identical parts (p. 152)
  • Identical parts
  • Identical reinforcements
  • User-defined attributes in numbering
  • 6.3Defining numbering series
  • See also Planning your numbering series (p. 154)
  • Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. 154)
  • Planning your numbering series
  • Assigning a numbering series to a part
  • Family numbers
  • Assigning family numbers (p. 155)
  • Assigning family numbers
  • Family number
  • Changing the family number of an object
  • Overlapping numbering series
  • 6.4Numbering objects
  • Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 157)
  • Numbering reinforcements (p. 157)
  • Numbering assemblies and cast units
  • Assembly position numbers (p. 157)
  • Assembly position numbers
  • See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 157)
  • Numbering reinforcements
  • Saving preliminary numbers
  • Control numbers
  • Assigning control numbers to parts (p. 159)
  • Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. 159)
  • Assigning control numbers to parts
  • To assign control numbers to parts:
  • Locking and unlocking control numbers
  • Changing numbers
  • Clearing numbers
  • Creating a standard-part model
  • To create a standard-part model:
  • 6.5Viewing the numbering history
  • To view the numbering history:
  • 6.6Repairing numbering errors
  • 6.7Numbering examples
  • Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 162)
  • Example: Numbering identical beams
  • Example: Using family numbers
  • Example: Numbering selected part types
  • Example: Numbering parts in selected phases
  • See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 165)
  • Example: Numbering settings during a project
  • 7 Advanced Modeling
  • 7.1Organizing the model
  • See also Creating logical areas (p. 168)
  • Creating logical areas
  • Creating object type categories
  • Modifying logical areas and object type categories
  • Viewing logical areas and object type categories
  • Deleting logical areas and object type categories
  • See also Dividing the model into phases (p. 171)
  • Custom phase properties (p. 171)
  • Dividing the model into phases
  • Custom phase properties
  • 7.3Sequences
  • See also Creating a sequence (p. 172)
  • Deleting a sequence (p. 173)
  • Creating a sequence
  • Adding parts to a sequence
  • Checking the sequence of a part
  • To check the sequence of a part:
  • Modifying the sequence number of a part
  • To modify the sequence number of a part:
  • Deleting a sequence
  • Creating a lot
  • Adding parts to a lot
  • To add parts to a lot:
  • Removing parts from a lot
  • Deleting a lot
  • 7.5Parametric modeling
  • Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. 176)
  • Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures
  • These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures:
  • 7.6Sketched cross sections
  • Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 181)
  • Opening the cross section sketch editor
  • To open the cross section sketch editor:
  • Sketch Browser
  • Variables
  • Sketching the outline of a cross section
  • See also Sketching a polyline (p. 184)
  • Sketching a polyline
  • Sketching an arc
  • Sketching a circle
  • Refining the shape of a sketched cross section
  • See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 186)
  • Adding a parallel constraint
  • To add a parallel constraint:
  • Adding a perpendicular constraint
  • To add a perpendicular constraint:
  • Adding a coincident constraint
  • Adding a fixed constraint
  • To add a fixed constraint:
  • Adding a horizontal constraint
  • To add a horizontal constraint:
  • Adding a vertical constraint
  • To add a vertical constraint:
  • Deleting a constraint
  • Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section
  • See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. 190)
  • Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 192)
  • Adding a radial dimension to a sketch
  • Adding an angle dimension to a sketch
  • Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch
  • To add a dimension between two points in a sketch:
  • Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
  • To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch:
  • Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
  • To add a vertical dimension to a sketch:
  • Deleting a dimension from a sketch
  • Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
  • See also Part positioning planes (p. 193)
  • Moving positioning planes (p. 195)
  • Part positioning planes
  • Connection positioning planes
  • Showing and hiding positioning planes
  • Moving positioning planes
  • Moving positioning plane handles
  • Reverting to default positioning planes
  • Checking a sketched cross section
  • Saving a sketched cross section
  • Modifying a sketched cross section
  • See also Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. 199)
  • Setting the sketch thickness (p. 199)
  • Modifying chamfers in a sketch
  • Setting the sketch thickness
  • Cross section extrusion types (p. 200)
  • Cross section extrusion types
  • Using sketched cross sections in a model
  • See also Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. 201)
  • Creating an image of a sketched cross section
  • Importing and exporting sketched cross sections
  • See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. 203)
  • Exporting sketched cross sections (p. 203)
  • Importing sketched cross sections
  • To import sketched cross sections:
  • Exporting sketched cross sections
  • To export sketched cross sections:
  • Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section
  • See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. 204)
  • Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section
  • Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section
  • Example: Setting the cross section thickness
  • Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section
  • Example: Using the cross section in a model
  • 8 Modeling Settings
  • 8.1General settings
  • Grid properties
  • Grid line properties
  • Point properties
  • Rotation settings
  • Color settings
  • Transparency settings
  • Screenshot settings
  • 8.2View settings
  • See also View properties (p. 215)
  • Grid view properties (p. 215)
  • View properties
  • Grid view properties
  • Display settings
  • 8.3Part properties
  • Steel column properties
  • Steel beam properties
  • Contour plate properties
  • Orthogonal beam properties
  • Twin profile properties
  • Pad footing properties
  • Strip footing properties
  • Concrete column properties
  • Concrete beam properties
  • Concrete slab properties
  • Concrete panel properties
  • 8.4Detail properties
  • Bolt properties
  • Weld properties
  • Weld types
  • Corner chamfer properties
  • Edge chamfer properties
  • 8.5Numbering settings
  • See also General numbering settings (p. 233)
  • Weld numbering settings (p. 234)
  • General numbering settings
  • Weld numbering settings
  • Control number settings
  • 9 Modeling Tips
  • 9.1General modeling tips
  • See also Defining default part properties (p. 237)
  • Defining default part properties
  • Copying and moving efficiently
  • Modeling identical areas
  • Selecting values from the model
  • Activating an overlapping view
  • Finding RGB values for colors
  • To find RGB values for colors:
  • Right-hand rule
  • Hiding cut lines in a view
  • Cutting efficiently
  • Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 241)
  • Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports
  • 9.2Part positioning tips
  • See also Modifying part length (p. 241)
  • Modifying part length
  • Creating horizontal parts
  • Optional ways of placing objects in a model
  • Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern

Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

3

Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

4

Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

5

............................................................................................... Position depth ................................................................................................................. 3......................... Rotation ................................................................................................................................ Creating a nested assembly ..................................................................................................................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part ....................... Using bolts to create assemblies .................................................................... User-defined attributes ...................................................................................................... Creating a contour plate ............................ Adding parts to an assembly .............................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part labels in a view ................................................. Creating a steel beam ................................................................ Creating a curved beam ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a round contour plate .................................................................. Changing the material of a part .......................................................2 Moving a part using handles ..................................... Creating an orthogonal beam................................................................................ Bending ..................................................................... Part labels ............................................................................................................................................................. 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ................... 57 Steel parts..................................... End offsets ........................... Position on the work plane ........................................................................................................... 3.......................................................................................................................................................................................... User-defined profiles ........................... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................................................................... Assembly hierarchy ................... Parametric profiles ..................................................................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly........................................................................................................................................... Levels ..................................................................................................................................... Creating a sub-assembly ........................................................................................................................................ Creating a twin profile............................................................................................. Adding objects to assemblies....................................................................................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Vertical position ................................................. 66 Assemblies................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part reference lines in model views ....... Horizontal position ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Modifying the position of a part ................................................................................................................................................................................... Using welds to create assemblies ....................... Creating a steel polybeam......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Colors ...........3 Creating a steel column............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Materials........................ Standard profiles ...................................................

..............................................................1 Bolts................................................................. 85 Creating a bolt group....... Creating a concrete polybeam .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes .................................................................................................................................................................... 85 4............................................................ Exploding an assembly ........................................................ Defining the cast unit type............................................... Creating a concrete column ....................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit .......Joining assemblies .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3............................................................................ Changing the cast unit main part ................................................. Removing objects from a cast unit ................................................. Creating a concrete beam........................................................................................... Showing the top-in-form face ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolt group position ........................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit ........................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ...............................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing..................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................................................................................ Creating a concrete panel ............................................................. Creating a strip footing . Removing objects from an assembly ........................................ Creating a concrete slab .................................................................................................................................................................. 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ............................. Creating a round slab ............ Assembly examples .......................... Defining the casting direction of a part ............................................................................................. 89 Creating round holes.......... 4............................................................. Casting direction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3........................................................................................... Changing the assembly main part ............................................................................. Exploding a cast unit ....................................................... Highlighting objects in a cast unit.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 77 Cast units........................................ Changing the main assembly ...................................................................................... Changing or adding bolted parts ..................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolt offsets ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a single bolt ........................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ............................................................................................................................ Bolt group shape .............................................................................. Adding objects to cast units ......................................... Highlighting objects in an assembly ............................................................

.......................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ...................................................................................................................... 101 Tile pattern definitions ............... Creating a weld to a part ............................................................................................................... 103 Tile pattern elements ................... Weld position ..................................................................................................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns ....... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment................................... Part cuts ............................................................................................. 104 4.................................................................................................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ...................................................................... Cuts ...................... Polybeam chamfers ...3 Welds ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions .................................................... Cutting parts with another part ..... Creating a fitting .............................................................................................................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ..................................................................................................................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Warping concrete parts ............................................ 104 Chamfers........................................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Chamfering part corners .......................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon................................. Weld preparation ...............Creating oversized holes.................................................................................................................. Creating a polygon weld.. 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ................................................................................. Polygon cuts .................................. Warping a beam using deformation angles ................................................................................................................................................. 98 Creating new surface treatment options................................................................................................................................................ 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ..................................................................................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties .................................................. 4....................... 100 Example pattern definition ........... Fittings........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 90 4........................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts .............................................. 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts .............. Weld size prefixes ....................................................................... Line cuts ................................................................ Cutting parts with a line ................................................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding .................................. Chamfering part edges ............................

... Shortening and lengthening parts ................................................................................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ............ 117 4..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Hiding unselected parts.................................................. Showing parts with exact lines ................ Representation options ..................................................................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings ............................................................................................................ 118 5 Examining the Model........................................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista .......................................... Creating a screenshot........................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ................ Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool .......................................................................................................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ............................................................ Zooming with Magnifier ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot ......................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts............................................................. 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .............................................................................. Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .................................... 116 Attaching a part to another part...... Modifying the zoom settings .................................................................... Lengthening a part in drawings ........................................................... Flying through the model............................................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ............. 118 Splitting a plate or slab... Object property report templates ..........................................7 Splitting parts ........... Moving the model.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Rotating the model .................................................................................... 119 5............................................ Cambering a part .............. Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ................................ Hiding selected parts..........1 Viewing the model .............................. 4..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 126 Showing and hiding objects ........................................................ Showing and hiding assemblies.............................................................................................................................. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a clip plane ....... 5............................................................................................................ 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ...................................................................................................................................... 116 Combining two parts into one.......... 5............................................................................................................................................2 Inquiring object properties......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Zooming the model ................................................................................................................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ........................................................................................................................................................ Cambering parts..........................................................................................................

............................................................................... Deleting an object group ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Creating a visualization .................. Detecting clashes ..................... 135 Checking the model ............. Measuring distances ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting object representation settings ....................................................... 151 What affects numbering ............................. Copying object representation settings to another model ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating an object group ....................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project .................................................................. 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part .................................................................. 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ...............................................................................................................................3 Defining numbering series ........................................................................ Example: Creating visualization settings ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 152 Identical parts ............................................................................................................................................. Measuring angles ...................... 153 6.................................................. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ........................... Object representation settings............................................................................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ..................................... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status.................. Deleting visualization settings ..........Showing and hiding components ........................................................................................ Copying visualization settings to another model .............................................................................................................................................................................. Finding clashes in a model ............................................................................................................................................................. 151 6....................................................................... Creating object representation settings ..... 152 Identical reinforcements ...................................................................................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings ....... Clash Check Manager ............................................................................. 142 6 Numbering the Model.......................................................................................................................................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Measuring objects ................... Example: Creating object groups ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 153 Planning your numbering series.............................................................................. 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................. Copying an object group to another model ................................................................................................ Example: Defining an erection schedule ............................2 What is numbering ......................................... Comparing parts or assemblies......................................................................................................... Object groups ...................................... Measuring bolt spacing .......... 5...................................................................................................... 5..................................................................1 6............................................................... Finding distant objects.........................................

.................................................................................. Adding parts to a sequence ............... Numbering reinforcements..................................................................................................................5 6.................3 Sequences........................ Creating a standard-part model ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 6........................ Locking and unlocking control numbers ......................................................................................... Clearing numbers.......................................................................................................................Family numbers............................................................................................................................... 156 Viewing the numbering history..... Checking the sequence of a part ............4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ........................................................................................................................ Saving preliminary numbers............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 171 Custom phase properties ....................................................................................... Example: Numbering selected part types .................................................................................................................................. 171 7.................... Example: Using family numbers........................................................................ Control numbers..............................................1 Organizing the model............................................................................................................................................ Assigning family numbers ........................................ 161 Numbering examples............... Assigning control numbers to parts ..............4 Lotting .......... Modifying the sequence number of a part.................................................................................................................. Changing numbers............................................................ Viewing logical areas and object type categories ..........................................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases.................................................. 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 .... 167 7.......................... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling............................................ 167 Creating logical areas ............................................................................................................................................ 171 Dividing the model into phases .......................................... Assembly position numbers ..7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects............................................................................................ 172 173 173 173 173 7........................................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories..................................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project ............................................................................................................... Overlapping numbering series ............................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Numbering parts in selected phases................ 6.................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories.............................................................................................................................. Deleting a sequence .............................. 6......................... Changing the family number of an object .......................................................................... 161 Repairing numbering errors ................................................................................................................................................................. 172 Creating a sequence .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 162 Example: Numbering identical beams......................................................... Creating object type categories........................................................................................

....................................................... Sketching a polyline .................. Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ................................................................Creating a lot ........ 7......................................................... Sketching a circle ............................ Saving a sketched cross section ......................................................................................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section............................................ Cross section extrusion types .......................................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting a lot ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Deleting a dimension from a sketch .................................................. Variables ........................................................................................... 176 Sketched cross sections ........................................................................5 7.................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch .................................................................................................... Adding a coincident constraint ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying a sketched cross section.......................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ......... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ............................................................................................................ Showing and hiding positioning planes ......................................................................................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures .......................................................................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes ..... Setting the sketch thickness ............................... Connection positioning planes .......................................................................................... Sketching the outline of a cross section ......................................................................................................................................................................... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ............................................................................................................................................ Adding a vertical constraint .................. Deleting a constraint .............. Part positioning planes .................................................... Moving positioning plane handles .......................................................................................................................... Sketch Browser ............................................................. 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................... Adding parts to a lot ............................................. Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ............................................................................................................................................. Adding a perpendicular constraint .............................................. Sketching an arc ................... Checking a sketched cross section ........................................ Adding a fixed constraint ............................................................................................................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling .................. Reverting to default positioning planes ......................................................................................................... Adding a parallel constraint ........................ Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ............................................................................................................. Removing parts from a lot ...................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................. 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8..................................................................... 227 Bolt properties............................................................................................................................................................. 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ................................................................... 229 Weld types ............................. Orthogonal beam properties .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 General settings................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Weld properties ............................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section.................................................. Concrete panel properties........................................................................................................................................ Grid line properties.......................................................................................................................................... Twin profile properties.................................................................... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section . Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Detail properties.................................................................... 216 8............................................................................. 217 Steel column properties ...........3 Part properties ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 View properties ..................................................................................................................... Rotation settings ......................................................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section .................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model .......................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness ...................................................................... Screenshot settings............................................................................... Color settings ................................ Contour plate properties........................................... 211 8................................................................................................................................. Concrete beam properties........... Transparency settings........................................................................................................................................... Pad footing properties.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ................................................................... 211 Grid properties .................................. Strip footing properties ...................................... 8....................................... Point properties ........................................................................................................................................ Creating an image of a sketched cross section ................................................................................................................................................. 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings........................... Importing sketched cross sections ........................................... Concrete column properties ..................................................................... Concrete slab properties ...................................................................... 215 Display settings ............................................................... 215 Grid view properties .......... Exporting sketched cross sections ...............................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings..................................................................... Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ........................... Steel beam properties ........................................................................................................................................................

...................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ............................................................................................................................................................................... 234 Control number settings ........................................................................................................................................................................ 232 8................................................................. 232 Edge chamfer properties ......................................................................................... Right-hand rule................................................................................................................................................. Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ....................... 235 9 Modeling Tips .... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ... Cutting efficiently ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Modifying part length .................................................... Selecting values from the model ................................................................. Modeling identical areas.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 237 Defining default part properties .........................................................................................................................................5 Numbering settings .................................................................... 233 General numbering settings ............................ 233 Weld numbering settings..................................................................................................................... 237 9.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 General modeling tips .......................................................................................Corner chamfer properties ................................................................................................................................................ Creating horizontal parts .... 9................................................................. Finding RGB values for colors......................................... 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips............................. Copying and moving efficiently.. Activating an overlapping view ...................................................................................................................................................................... Hiding cut lines in a view .............................. Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern....................................................................................

18) 1. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. 17) Saving a model (p. and save models in Tekla Structures. 16) Opening a model (p. you can create a real-life model of any structure.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. 17) Model templates (p. create. 15) Creating a new model (p.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. as they react to modifications in the model. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . such as reports and NC data files.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

16

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

19

20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

When you open or create a model. 25) Work plane (p. 27) Coordinate system (p. 28) Grids (p. 29) Views (p. a new window appears on the screen. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 43) 2. Initially. 40) Points (p. 21) Work area (p. 42) Reference models (p. 33) Construction objects (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. the icons and available menu options will become active.

and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. To use the default background color. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1.. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. 2.. set the same value for all four corners of the background. leave the advanced option fields empty. > Model View. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . 239) Background color examples (p. 3. and so on. Finding RGB values for colors (p. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define.

0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.4 0.RGB values 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 1.2 0.4 0.0 1.0 Result 0.0 1.0 1.

0 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.0 Result 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.7 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 1.RGB values 0.0 1.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.2 0.7 0.0 1.0 0.6 1.0 1.0 0. dashed lines.2 0.0 0.7 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 . 239) 2.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.3 0.

set the advanced option to FALSE.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. but they are not visible. You can define the work area in a selected view... Work area (p. Objects outside the work area still exist. Click OK or Apply. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. 4. you can hide the green work area box. or all model objects. To make the work area visible again. 3. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. Tekla Structures hides the work area. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. For more information on each command. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. 1. This can be useful. To define the work area: 1. > Model View. or in all visible views. for example. click View > Redraw All again. See also Defining the work area (p. 2. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . for example. 26) Hiding the work area (p. 5. when creating screenshots for presentations. Alternatively. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. See also Work area (p. Click View > Redraw All. To make the box visible again. or size the work area to include selected parts. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.

The current work plane is model-specific. For more information on each command. To display the work plane grid. The work plane also has its own grid. For example.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. 2. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. or on a part or view plane. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands.2. parallel to one of the global basic planes. see the corresponding menu tooltip. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. For example creating points. To shift the work plane: 1. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. which is the local coordinate system of the model. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. which can be used for positioning parts. See also Shifting the work plane (p. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. part positioning. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. so it is the same in all views. When modeling sloped parts. 3. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . The z direction follows the right-hand rule. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. 28) Right-hand rule (p.

. y. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. To restore the default work plane: 1. Click Change. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. 2. 239) 2. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. > Model View. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. 3. 2.. See also Work plane (p..4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Work plane (p.See also Work plane (p.0 0. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. Set Plane to XY. to change the color to red. set the value to 1..0. Set Depth coordinate to 0. 3. For example.0 0. 4. 4. Click OK. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p.

Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin.In wire frame views. 27) View types (p. 36) 2.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. See also Work plane (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.

Y0. and Z0.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. To manually create a grid: 1. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. Modify the grid properties. 30) Modifying a grid (p. 3. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0.You can have more than one grid in a model. 29) Grid coordinates (p. 31) Changing the grid color (p. 30) Coordinate system (p. Click Modeling > Create Grid. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. If you do not pick a point. You can also create grids manually. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure.. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. 31) Grid lines (p. Optional: When prompted. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Grids (p. 0 2*4000. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. 2. For example. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. See also Creating a grid (p. 30) Grid labels (p. The z coordinates are absolute. 31) Grid properties (p. Y0. 31) Deleting a grid (p. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. See also Click Create. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. and Z0. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. 4. For example. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0.. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. 5. See also Creating a grid (p. 0 4000 4000. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines.

Modify the grid properties. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. Grids (p. See also Click Modify to save the changes. is selected. 29) Grid properties (p. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. The Grid dialog box appears. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. 2. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. If you have also other objects selected. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. 2. 3. is selected. When working with very large grids. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. When you delete a grid. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. 3. not the grid. See also Grids (p. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. 4. 29) Creating a grid (p.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. See also Grids (p. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. you can leave the label fields empty. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. If you wish.

4. For example.0 0. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Pick the starting point of the grid line. See also Grids (p. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 2. Pick the end point of the grid line. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. set the value to 1. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1.. Click OK. 2. 4.. When you select a grid line.0. 3. 33) Moving a part using handles (p.0 0. > Model View. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. See also Grids (p. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. 3. to change the color to red. the handles appear in magenta. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p.1. Single grid lines have handles.

Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. For example. Click Modify to save the changes. 4. If you also have other objects selected. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. 32) 2.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. See also Grid lines (p. 3. 32) Grid line properties (p. Modify the grid line properties. Grid lines (p. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete.See also Grid lines (p. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. is selected. See also is selected. 2. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. When you delete a grid line. not the grid line. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . 2.

This places the part in the center of the view. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 35) Opening a view (p. which is useful for different tasks. plane. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. and elevation views provide different types of information. create a 3D view of the part. See also Creating a view (p. 39) Arranging views (p. 39) Refreshing views (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 38) Deleting a view (p. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 38) Switching between open views (p. 38) Modifying a view (p.

Temporary views. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. b Type a unique name in the Name field. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. 215) About naming views (p. If several users have different views with the same name. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. See also Creating a view (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 33) View settings (p. 35) View types (p. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. See also Views (p. which have a default name in parentheses. 2. disappear when you close them. Optional: Save the view. it is very important to give views unique names. Views (p. Select a view command from the View menu. see the corresponding menu tooltip. In multi-user mode. 36) View planes (p. 3. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . 36) Creating grid views (p. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. For more information on each command. or the view will not be saved for later use. c See also Click Modify. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. When you exit the model. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses.If you are working with two screens.

Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. • See also Creating a view (p. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. xz. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. In the basic plane view.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. 35) Representation options (p. and zy). Points that are located outside the view plane are red. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. It does not appear in the plane name. In basic views. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

4.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. Click the view. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . If the Move .. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. 2. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. Moving a view plane (p. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. or the points are defined automatically. or enter its coordinates. When you move a view plane. See also View planes (p. or enter its coordinates. 5. 3. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. Other views For view types other than basic views.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. To move the view plane: 1. depending on the creation method. 37) Creating a view (p. Click Move. Pick the end point of the translation vector.. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. from the pop-up menu.

Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1.. Modify the grid properties. Modify the view properties. 2. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. and all visible views on the right.. how it will name the views. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. create a view that contains a grid. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. Views (p. or double-click a view to open it.. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click Create. 5. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. Before you start. check how many views you have open. Select the grid. 33) View settings (p. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left.. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 4. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. Click View > View List. If the view does not appear. See also Views (p. If you try to open more than nine views. 2. The Views dialog box appears. To create grid views: 1. 3. and which view properties it will use. 2. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box.. 35) Grid view properties (p. Tekla Structures displays a warning. The Views dialog box appears. Click Modify. 3. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. To open multiple views. See also Creating a view (p.

39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. The Views dialog box appears. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. In the View Properties dialog box. 33) Switching between open views (p.. Click View > Redraw All. select an option from the Angle list box. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views.. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. 2. Select the view you want to delete. On the Window menu. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. Click View > View List. Views (p. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. and all visible views on the right.. See also Views (p. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Views (p. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. and then click Modify. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . select a view from the list. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. 3.1. Click Delete. Views (p. To delete multiple views.

Type a name for the plane. lines. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. Pick four points. You cannot use the Cascade. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. select the Magnetic check box. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 2. 33) 2. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. 5. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears.7 Construction objects Construction planes. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. They do not appear in drawings. When you move the plane. and circles help you place other objects. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows.To arrange the views. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. For example. Double-click the plane in the model. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. 6. 3. Tekla Structures draws the plane. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. 4. See also Views (p. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. Tile Horizontally. Click View > Close All. See also Creating a construction plane (p. For example. 40) Creating a construction line (p. Click the middle mouse button.

3. 4.7. For more information on each command. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. See also Construction objects (p. Pick the end point of the construction line. See also Construction objects (p. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Pick the starting point of the construction line. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. b Select the Magnetic check box. a Double-click the line in the model. c Click Modify. Click Modify. 2. See also Construction objects (p. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1.

You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. To import points from a file: 1. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. In some cases this file is generated by another software package.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. Create a point import file. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. 2. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. When you create points. Points (p. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. 42) Importing points (p. See also Creating a point (p. 42) Point properties (p. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users.2. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

rop. 3. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. If you do not specify the path.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder.igs. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog.3dd) IFC files (*. 7.500.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. See also Inserting a reference model (p.dwg) MicroStation (*.700.dxf) AutoCAD (*.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). an architectural model.1500 2. For example. During the import process. *.IFC) IGES files (*. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. See also Points (p. b Save the file. Include the full path and the file extension. 6. 4. 5. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.1000 300. Type point in the Search field and click Search. For example: 100. a plant design model. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. or a heating. *. Type the ASCII file name. 42) 2. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model.prp) Cadmatic models (*. Click Create. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 .dgn.

Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. See also Reference models (p. 4. if it uses different measurement units). 47) Supported DGN objects (p. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. button to browse for the reference model file. Set the scale of the reference model. or you forget to click Apply. 5. If you do not define a reference model file to use. For more information on user-defined attributes.inp file. the file does not exist. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. 6. Click the Browse. 46) Reference model objects (p.. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1.. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p.. 3. 4. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p.. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1.. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 2. 2.Updating reference models (p. Check the work plane position. Click File > Reference Model List. Click User-defined attributes. Click File > Insert Reference Model.. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 7. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. see Adding properties. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. 3. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. Open a Tekla Structures model. Modify the properties and then click Modify.

Select a reference model from the list.. Click File > Reference Model List. 2. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. Click Reload all.. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. you can highlight them. 2. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated.xml) 3D DWG (. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. 2.ifc) Cadmatic (. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. but the changes are rarely documented. To highlight a reference model: 1. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1.. Click File > Reference Model List..3dd) WebViewer (.. To update all reference models: 1. 2. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. switch.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . See also Reference models (p. Reference models (p. See also Reference models (p. See also Click File > Reference Model List. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. Reference models (p..

For example.To view changes in a reference model: 1. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. 2. 3. button next to the Old file name field. Double-click the reference model. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. Click Display. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Reference models (p. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. To view reference model layers: 1.. 4. Double-click the reference model. select Inserted to see the added objects..

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

49

50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

51

53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.. A parametric profile. button next to the Profile field. click the Select. When you create or modify a part. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 51) Steel parts (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. Open the Select Profile dialog box. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. 66) Concrete parts (p.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. parametric. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. and user-defined profiles. 52) Standard profiles (p. 53) User-defined profiles (p. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. • For steel parts. Icon Description A standard profile.. 53) Parametric profiles (p. 2. See also Changing the profile of a part (p.

Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. See also Profiles (p. See also Profiles (p. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. Select a profile from the list. 6. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. /. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. By default. 4. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. • To see all the properties of profiles. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. the profile catalog contains standard. environmentspecific profiles. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. use the Profile name list box. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. select the Show details check box. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . so you should not edit them. See also Profiles (p. If you select a parametric profile. • 5. Click Modify. click the button next to the Shape field. For example. See also Profiles (p. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. and *. Click Apply or OK. X. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. • To select a recently used profile. select the Show all profiles check box. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. For concrete parts. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. You can add profiles to the profile catalog.• 3.

6. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. • 4. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. Click Modify. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. Poisson’s ratio. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. select the Show details check box. • To see all the properties of materials. For example. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. 3. Click Select. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. See also Materials (p. porosity. such as strengths. Select a material from the list. they can be former names. next to the Material field. 5. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. and thermal dilatation coefficient..Materials When you create or modify a part. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. partial safety factors. Click Apply or OK. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. For example. The Select Material dialog box appears. including the modulus of elasticity.. or country-specific properties. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. and so on. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . select the Show aliases check box. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. or names used in different countries or standards.

Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. Attributes can consist of numbers.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings.. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . text. When drawings of the parts are created. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. or lists. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. or in projects. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part..

go to the Advanced tab. To protect objects from being accidentally changed.. User-defined fields. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. and Moment User field 1. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. Tension. Click Display. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. Select the Part label check box... In the Display dialog box. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. See also Part properties (p. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. See also Part properties (p. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. user-defined attributes. 2.. 3. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .4 Connection code Can be used. 4. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear...

When you select a part. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. Tekla Structures displays the handles. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. 7. See also Moving a part using handles (p. you position it by picking points. Move the part like any other object. 6. 56) 3. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. just drag the part to a new position. 58) Part positioning tips (p. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. See also Part position (p.5. for example. The points form the part reference line. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. Select the part. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. The Part label dialog box appears. Click Modify. If Drag and Drop is switched on. Part labels (p. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . 3. Select the handles. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels.2 Part position When you create a part. the rest are magenta. b Click Add. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. The handle of the first end point is yellow. a Select a property in the Properties list. 2. The handles also symbolize the part reference points.

you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . On the Position tab. Modify the settings. Click Modify and OK. enter a value in the corresponding box. modify the desired position settings. 4.. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. 2.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. or Depth offset. On the Advanced tab. The object moves in the model accordingly. To change the rotation angle. to open the Display dialog box. 3. • • • To change the overall position of the part. Click in the Mini Toolbar.. 2.. See also Click View > View Properties. 2. For example. select the Part reference line check box. Hold down Shift to override this. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. use the round selection dial. Click Display. 3.. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. Part position (p. Plane offset. Click and drag to select a position. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. To change the Angle. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Position on the work plane (p. Click Modify.

type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 .Rotation (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 61) Horizontal position (p. 64) Bending (p. To do this. 59) Position depth (p. 60) Vertical position (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 63) Levels (p. 62) End offsets (p.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis.

58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference point.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. relative to its reference point.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. You can enter positive and negative values. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. relative to its reference line. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 .

You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. To position the upper columns correctly. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. you must modify their bottom level position. not at the level you picked. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to the picked point. In this example. Use to define the position of the second end. you can enter the positions of the part ends.

you need to specify the number of segments. Alternatively. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. for example a curved beam. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . the less angular the part appears. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. You can also define the plane of curvature. which is relative to the current work plane. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.Top level = 1000. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature.

58) 3. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 3. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. See also Creating a steel column (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the position of the column. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 67) Creating a curved beam (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 2. Click the Create column icon.

Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the end point.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Click the Create beam icon. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 2. Pick the starting point. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. 3. Click the Create polybeam icon. 2. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. See also Steel column properties (p. You can also create bent plates with this command. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 4. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . See also Steel beam properties (p. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 218) Levels (p.

chamfer the corners of the polybeam. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Double-click the end point. 5. Pick a point on the arc (2). Pick the starting point. 2. 4. To create a contour plate: 1. Pick the starting point (1). Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. Pick the starting point again. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. Optional: To create curved segments. Click the Create curved beam icon. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Polybeam chamfers (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 106) Steel beam properties (p. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. 218) Bending (p. Pick the end point (3). 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 3. See also Steel beam properties (p. 5.4. 5. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. Click the Create contour plate icon. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 2. 3. 4.

3. 219) Chamfers (p. 2. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 6. 69) Contour plate properties (p... from the list box. 2. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 7.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . See also Creating a contour plate (p. Click Modify. 4. Select the plate. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Pick the position of the beam. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 3. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 5. 68) Contour plate properties (p.

You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. You can change the main part in an assembly. By default. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. See also Creating an assembly (p. 3.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Pick the starting point. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To create a twin steel profile: 1. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. or by joining assemblies together. See also Twin profile properties (p. 221) 3. Pick the end point. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. 2. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 4.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts.

70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu.Exploding an assembly (p. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 3. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. Creating an assembly (p. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 2. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. Assemblies (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 2. 76) Assembly examples (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. Assemblies (p. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 3. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p.

72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 6. 2. 7. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Click Apply or OK. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. Pick the bolt group origin. In the Connect part/assembly list box. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. select As sub-assembly. 4. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 3. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. You can create workshop welds and site welds. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Assemblies (p. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 5. select As sub-assembly. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. Using welds to create assemblies (p. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. 6. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 4.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 2. When you connect assemblies. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. 3. 5. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Click Apply or OK.

To work with nested assemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 74) Joining assemblies (p. through the basic and sub-assemblies. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. See also Assemblies (p. from single parts and bolts. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy.

See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Select the assembly to add to. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. fabrication information. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. and still produce dimensions. 4. marks. for all assembly levels. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 3. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. 3. Select the assembly to add to. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. etc. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the part you want to add. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. 4. 2. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports.

a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Changing the main assembly (p.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. You can change the main assembly at any time. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. c Select the assembly. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. 3. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Assemblies (p. See also Select the new main assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 2. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Tekla Structures changes the main part. Select the assemblies you want to join. 4. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 2. 3. 2. Select the new main part. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 2.

To explode an assembly: 1. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .main part Concrete . You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. and then attached to the column in another workshop. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. 2. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. See also Assemblies (p. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. always starting from the highest level.main part Steel part . another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. • To only explode the sub-assembly.

78) Creating a concrete beam (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. Assemblies (p. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site.Drawing 2. In a frame of built-up columns and beams.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. See also Creating a pad footing (p. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies.

Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. 5. 4. See also Strip footing properties (p. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Click the Create concrete column icon.Creating a concrete slab (p. Click the Create strip footing icon. Pick the pad footing position. 3. See also Pad footing properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. Pick the position of the column. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 2. Optional: To create curved segments. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. chamfer the corners of the footing. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Click the Create pad footing icon. Double-click the end point. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 3. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 2. 3. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Double-click the end point. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the end point. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 2. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Click the Create concrete beam icon. Optional: To create curved segments. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 3. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 4.See also Concrete column properties (p. 5. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 4. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 3. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 2.

See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 7. Pick the corner points of the slab. 3. Select the slab. See also Creating a round slab (p. 2. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Pick the starting point again. To create a concrete slab: 1. Pick the starting point. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 5. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 6. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 5. 4. Click Modify. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. from the list box. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. 2.

By default. 104) 3. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. See also Creating a cast unit (p. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. 80) Concrete slab properties (p.See also Creating a concrete slab (p.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. 5. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. chamfer the corners of the panel. Cast units can include reinforcement. Double-click the end point. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. For example. Click the Create concrete panel icon. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. 3. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . 4. 2. 225) Chamfers (p. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. as well as concrete parts. Optional: To create curved segments. each part is considered a separate cast unit.

3. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Select an object in the cast unit. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. Adding objects to cast units (p. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 2. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. 3. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 2. 4. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 2. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. See also Cast units (p. 2. 4. Select the new main part. 83) Casting direction (p. Select the objects you want to add. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 3. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. Adding objects to cast units (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Cast units (p. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. such as steel parts and insulation. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu.

In the Cast unit type list box. 2.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Cast units (p. 4. 3.main part Steel part . See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. 2. 2. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Cast units (p. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Cast units (p.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . select Precast or Cast in place. Click Modify to save the changes. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1.main part Concrete . The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. Go to the Cast unit tab. Select the objects you want to remove. 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.

Select a concrete part. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Select a concrete part. 3. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. See also Casting direction (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. To hide the top-in-form face again. 2. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. 2. Casting direction (p. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. See also Cast units (p.

1 Bolts To create bolts. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 116) Splitting parts (p. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 89) Welds (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 117) 4. 85) Holes (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 .4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 104) Combining parts (p.

For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. Select the secondary parts. 86) Bolt group position (p. Explode the component. Modify the bolt group. 2. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. See also Apply a component. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 3. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 4. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. washers. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. 7. and nuts) while creating holes. Pick a point. 5. 87) Bolt offsets (p. 3. Select the main part. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 2. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. 227) Bolt group shape (p. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. Bolts (p. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. which is the bolt group origin. 85) Bolt properties (p. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 6. See also Creating a bolt group (p.

from the bolt group point of origin. in the x direction of the bolt group. Number of bolts. x coordinate of each bolt. in the y direction of the bolt group. Diameter of the bolt group. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. y coordinate of each bolt. from the bolt group point of origin. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 .Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts.

86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. Bolts (p. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. 2. Follow the instructions on the status bar. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. Under Bolt group. type 0. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. relative to the bolt group x axis. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. select Array from the Shape list box. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. The starting point values Dx. 5. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. 3. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. 85) Bolt properties (p. 4. Click Apply to save the changes.

reselect the main and secondary parts.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. See also Bolts (p. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . 5. 2. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. To create round holes: 1. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. If you do not want to create any bolts. 2. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. Click Apply to save the changes.1. 85) 4. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Before creating holes. Holes (p. When prompted. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. 4. 3. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar.

if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 3. 4. select Slotted. 8. Holes (p. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. See also Click Apply to save the changes. To indicate which parts should be slotted. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. For example. In the Hole type list box. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 5. If you do not want to create any bolts.

91) Creating a polygon weld (p. Click Apply to save the changes. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 5.1. 3. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. this is the main part of the assembly. 2. 94) Weld preparation (p. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . select Oversized. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. In the Oversize field.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. or use a component that automatically creates welds. In the Hole type list box. Select the part to be welded. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. without connecting any other parts. If you do not want to create any bolts. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 6. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. If you are creating a workshop weld. 4. Holes (p. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 3. Follow the instructions on the status bar. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 2. 86) 4. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 7. If you are creating a workshop weld. Select the part to weld to. 4.

72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. y. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 91) Weld properties (p. 229) Weld position (p. or z). 92) Weld size prefixes (p. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Example The following image shows welds in different positions. See also Creating a weld between parts (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x.

this is the main part of the assembly. or alternatively. Select the part to be welded. Select the part to weld to. If you are creating a workshop weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . pick the points you want the weld to go through. 2. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 3. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 5. 4. If you are creating a workshop weld. Pick the starting and end point. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld.

2. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. without connecting any other parts: 1. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. Pick the starting and end point. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Welds (p. Select the part that you want to cut. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. Select the part that you want to weld. use the SPD profile. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. To prevent automatic weld preparation.See also Welds (p. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 3. 4. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. or apply a component that does it automatically. 2. or alternatively. See also Welds (p. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file.

When you redefine the properties of a part (e. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. 94) 4.g.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. When you create overlapping surface treatments. you change the size of a part). surface mixes. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. Select the cutting part. for example. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part.3. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . and tiles.

3. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 7.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 8. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. to select a material from the catalog. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 9. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p.. In the At depth list box. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. In the Surface treatment name list box.. See also Surface treatment (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. See also Surface treatment (p. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. and Behind. select the type of surface treatment to use. 2. The options are Middle. In the Type list box. b On the Pattern tab.. Front. 6. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. Click the Select. 5.. 4. select the specific surface treatment. select the location of the surface treatment.

2. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 2. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 4. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 3. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 3. 2. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. b Select the part face. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 4. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. b Select the part face. 3.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 2. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 4. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Pick the direction. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment.

left. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. bottom. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .5. or right). If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.

The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. The file is located in the . 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. To create new surface treatment options: 1.dat file using any text editor. Open the product_finishes.

a Define the surface treatment type. Surface treatment (p. For example. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. Open the TilePatternCatalog. For example. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Save the file. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2.. 100) Example pattern definition (p. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns.xml file using any text editor.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. For example. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". MF for Magnesium Float. See also Surface treatment (p. The file is located in the . 4. Magnesium Float. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. 1 for concrete finish. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. 2. See also Add rows to define new options. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options.

See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 4. Other elements are optional.xml file. Save the TilePatternCatalog. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. 3. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . and then modify it to suit your needs. Tiled surface treatment (p. 100) Example pattern definition (p.xml file.

Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.xml file. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . starting from the origin of the surface treatment.

herringbone. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. Located in the .xml file. TilePatternCatalog. Located in the . Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder. Filenames identify the pattern types. For example.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions.xml file.

The origin of an individual tile. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. 113) Cambering parts (p. Required. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. steel and concrete polybeams. concrete slabs. 104) Fittings (p. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. Color of the tile or mortar.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. 116) Splitting parts (p. Optional. Tile pattern element. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. defined from the origin of the pattern. Optional. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 100) 4. In Tekla Structures. 115) Combining parts (p. See also Chamfers (p. Optional. and concrete panels). 112) Warping concrete parts (p. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. practical. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. At least one required. See also Tiled surface treatment (p.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. 108) Cuts (p. Required. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. Required. Required. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. you can chamfer part corners and part edges.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. Optional. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. and manufacturing reasons.

107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. Chamfers (p. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 3. See also Select the part. Click Modify. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. which does not change the geometry of the part. 2. Double-click the handle of any part corner. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. 4. Modify the chamfer properties.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. You can modify the default chamfers. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. 5.

You can modify the default chamfers.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 105) Polybeam chamfers By default.

See also Chamfering part corners (p. 2. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. 3. 4. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. Select the part you want to chamfer. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. b Modify the chamfer properties. Optional: Modify the chamfer.

Pick the first point of the cutting line. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. 2. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 104) Creating a fitting (p. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. Click Detailing > Fit Part End.6. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. details. c Click OK. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. and so on. 232) Chamfers (p. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. 3. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. which passes through the cutting line you pick. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. perpendicular to the view plane. which makes it easier to create connections.

Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. see Fittings affect NC data. You must create cuts in a plane view. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. In situations like this. For more information on how to change this. See also Fittings (p. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines.

Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can cut parts that already have cuts. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. for example. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. This can be useful. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut.

Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. Cuts (p. Pick the side you want to remove. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. See also Cuts (p. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Select the part you want to cut. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. To close the polygon. 4. 3. Select the part you want to cut. 5. 4. Pick the first point of the cutting line. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. To cut a part with a line: 1. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. 109) Polygon cuts (p. For example. 2. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. 109) Line cuts (p. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 5. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 2. 3.

5. 109) Part cuts (p. Select the cutting part. contour plates. 2. Pick an existing corner (1). concrete panels. 6. Pick the corner to remove (5). 4. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. Pick another existing corner (4). Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. Alternatively. Delete the cutting part. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. The part cut does not affect other parts. and strip footings. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. concrete slabs. 4. See also Cuts (p. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. 3).Cutting parts with another part Before you start. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. 2. 3. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . To cut a part with another part: 1. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. Select the part you want to modify. 3.

Go to the Deforming tab. Modify the chamfer properties. For example. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. Click OK to close the dialog box. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. See also Warping concrete parts (p. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. relative to the part reference line. • 3. Click Modify to warp the beam. Move the chamfers. use the dz2 field. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. In the Start field. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . Click Modify to warp the slab. 4. 6. 2. Fine-tuning part shape (p. use the dz1 field. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. 3. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. 2. relative to the part reference line. 5. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. In the End field.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box.

Linear dialog box. Select the chamfer you want to move. Click Move.4. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. 2. 6. In the Move . double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. 5. For example. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. and go to the Deforming tab. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. For example. 4. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. 8. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. which warps the slabs. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. type a value in the appropriate direction field. 7. To see the warping angle of a single slab. Click OK to close the dialog box.

skews.See also Warping concrete parts (p. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. in other words. Click Modify. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. 104) Cambering a part (p. 2. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. When drawings are created. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. define the degree of camber. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. including the template output. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. 3. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Cambering affects the position of cuts. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. and embeds in the model. Cambering parts (p. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Go to the Deforming tab. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. 4. In the Cambering field.

See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 3. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. Go to the Deforming tab. Click Modify. 2.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 4. 115) 4. When you select the parts you want to combine. enter a negative value. In the Shortening field. For example. define the degree of shortening. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. 2. See also Combining two parts into one (p. In the Shortening field. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. Click Modify. 3. Go to the Deforming tab. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p.

Select the first part. See also Combining parts (p. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams.1. When you combine parts. Select the part you want to attach. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . Select the second part. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. 3. 2. 116) 4. Select the part to attach to. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Click Edit > Combine.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. You cannot split polybeams. curved beams without offsets. Combining parts (p. 3. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. 2. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. You can use splitting with straight parts.

Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. Select the part you want to split.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Select the part you want to split. Splitting parts (p. 3. See also Click Edit > Split. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Splitting parts (p. welds or surface treatments. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. 2. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. check the result after splitting. Pick a point for the dividing line. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. and on the same side of the part. 2. 4. Click Edit > Split. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. If you split contour plates that have bolts. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 3.

Scroll forward to zoom in. 119) Inquiring the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. 119) Rotating the model (p. 121) Moving the model (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 142) 5. you can move and rotate the model. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . See also Zooming the model (p. or pull out for a wider view. keyboard shortcuts. You can use a mouse. or a combination of both. and backward to zoom out. 135) Checking the model (p. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Visualizing project status (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. 122) Flying through the model (p.

119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. Place the mouse pointer over the model. Open a wire frame view of the model. Zooming the model (p. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. For more information on each command. press Page Up. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. 2. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. select Wire frame. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. b In the View type list box. Create a zoom window.If you do not have a wheel mouse. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . c Click Modify. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. See also Viewing the model (p. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. press Page Down. see the corresponding menu tooltip. • See also To zoom out. If this option is off. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE.

or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. To change the level of magnification. To rotate the model. and then drag the pointer to size the window.e 3. See also Zooming the model (p. menu commands. Click the Magnifier icon. 4. keyboard shortcuts. In wire frame views. zoom in and out in the zoom window. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . As you move the pointer in the general view. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail.

Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Press Ctrl + R. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. See also Rotation settings (p. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. 3. 3. 213) Viewing the model (p. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Pick a position in the view. 2. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. 2. Click Modify.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. press v. To relocate the center of rotation. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. and then pick a position in the view. 2. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.

2. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. Move the model using the Pan command 1. 3. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. 3. To fly through a model: 1. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. Select a view. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. You can also adjust the field of view setting. scroll with the mouse wheel. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. To activate the middle button pan. or Shift+M. Click View > Fly. Set view projection to Perspective. Use the up. you can travel through a model. 2. 4. left and right arrows on the keyboard. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . changing direction and varying the speed as you go. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. 5. b In the Projection list box. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. drag the mouse in the desired direction.. c Click Modify. press Esc.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. 2.. select Perspective. > Model View. • To change the flying direction. c Click OK. down. To change the camera angle. • • To move up or down. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. To stop panning. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW.

brochures. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. See also To delete a clip plane. 2. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. Select a plane. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. or the entire Tekla Structures window. Click View > Create Clip Plane. To finish creating clip planes. view. To stop flying. Viewing the model (p. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. 4. press Esc. To create a clip plane: 1.. To move a clip plane. You can use screenshots in posters. press Esc. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box.• 6. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. 5.. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 6. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 2. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures.

The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer.. 5. 7. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. To capture the active view without borders.. select Main Frame. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. 2.3. for example. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (.. To print a screenshot: 1. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. 4. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. select Rendered view.png) files. Creating a screenshot (p. 4. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed.bmp format. Click Capture..bmp) format to use it. Creating a screenshot (p. 125) Screenshot settings (p. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . as a custom component thumbnail. See also Creating a screenshot (p. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. click Pick view and select a view. select View. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Click Capture. select Dialog. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. To capture the active view. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . 3.. Click Options. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. select View without Borders. Select Place on clipboard. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. Under Capture.. 2. Set the desired properties and click OK. 6.

weight. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.. See also Inquiring object properties (p. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window.. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. For more information on how to use templates. See also Inquiring the model (p. and length of the selected model object. By default. see the Template Editor user documentation. Select a part.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. 126) Object property report templates (p. To inquire object properties: 1. 2.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. Select an object. or a group of objects. 2. See also Inquiring object properties (p.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. within the model. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Inquiring the model (p.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1.5. the tool shows the total area..

lst file located in the . TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. 2. The file is located in the . click Edit. -. • To create new calculated attributes. By default. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. • To change the order of the attributes.config file: 1.. • 4.. 3. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. use the Up and Down buttons.. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66].. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. 3.config file in any standard text editor. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file.. • To remove attributes from the tool window. • To modify the calculated attributes.. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. edit the InquiryTool. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. AVERAGE. Open the InquiryTool. *. To modify the default attributes. click Add…. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. MAX. The Manage Contents dialog box appears.. Change the position number of the new attribute.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. or MIN) from the list box.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder.. • To add more attributes to the tool window. the file contains 65 attributes.. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global.config file in the . • See also To change the formula of an attribute.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. 2.. and /) to form equations. Use the InquiryTool. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. For example. Click Manage contents.

5. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. UNIT. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 128) Display settings (p. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. to open the Display dialog box. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. 2. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. Showing and hiding objects (p. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 128) Hiding selected parts (p.. 128) Representation options (p. 6. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 3. Click Display. 216) Representation options In rendered views. 132) Object representation settings (p. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. For example. Save the file. When you redraw a view.. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. Modify the NAME. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. DISPLAY_NAME. 126) 5.4. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. DATATYPE.lst file. 132) Object groups (p.

e. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. Example In this example. parts are transparent.e. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. In this example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . underlying parts are not visible. i. surfaces are not.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. component objects are displayed as Rendered. and their surfaces are shaded. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i. Parts are transparent.

131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . The parts are shown as sticks.5 and Shift+1. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them.. 2. Other parts are almost completely transparent. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. This can be useful. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. parts are not transparent. Select the parts you want to hide.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. for example.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1.e. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. To hide selected parts: 1. Showing and hiding objects (p.. when viewing clash check results in a large model. This option is useful.. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. 3. To completely hide the parts. Click View > Hide Part. for example.. • • See also To make the parts visible again. i.

bolts. and other details belonging to the assembly. To display a part with exact lines: 1. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. Right-click and select Redraw View. The unselected parts become almost transparent. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. welds. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. To make the parts visible again. fittings. Hide an assembly 1. Showing and hiding objects (p. 3. 4. click View > Redraw All. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 3. Tekla Structures displays all parts. To completely hide the unselected parts. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . Right-click and select Show Only Selected. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. See also Select the part. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. Showing and hiding objects (p. Select the assembly you want to hide. To clear the exact lines effect. cuts. To show the unselected parts as sticks. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. 2. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. 2. Click View > Redraw All. 2. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines.

. 128) Refreshing views (p. 133) Deleting an object group (p. Click View > Redraw All. 4. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. Property. Modify the object group settings. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. welds. type a value or select one from the model. Select the component you want to hide. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . and Condition list boxes. c In the Value list box.. Click Object group. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. 128) Creating an object group (p. 2. d Add more rows.See also Showing and hiding objects (p.. 2.. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. and other details belonging to the component. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu.Representation dialog box. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. to open the Object Group . See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 133) Visualizing project status (p. b Select options from the Category. a Click Add row. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. Right-click and select Redraw View. 128) Refreshing views (p. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. 3.

See also Object groups (p. 2. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. Restart Tekla Structures. 6.PObjGrp. • To make an object group available in all models. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. Select the object group you want to copy. Object groups (p. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. and they have the file name extension *. • To make an object group available in another model. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. Object groups (p. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 2.PObjGrp. For example. copy the file to the system folder. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.5. Object groups have the file name extension *. 3. Select where you want to copy the object group. Click Save as to save the object group. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . and to create customized presentations of defined objects.

135) Deleting object representation settings (p. 5. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. To create object representation settings: 1. If an object belongs to several object groups. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 2. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 7. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 9. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. Click Add row.. 6. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 4. 3.. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 8.

136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. 3. copy them to the system folder. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. Apply. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. See also Object representation settings (p. Restart Tekla Structures. 2. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. and they have the file name extension *. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 133) Color settings (p.rep. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. 133) 5. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. 2. See also Creating a visualization (p. • To make the settings available in another model. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1.rep. or OK. Select where you want to copy the settings.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. 213) Transparency settings (p. Restart Tekla Structures. For example. See also Object representation settings (p. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . Object representation settings (p. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. To create project status visualizations. • To make the settings available in all models.

Select the visualization settings you want to copy. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 2. 4. 4. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. 2. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. To view the visualization in the model. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. Select where you want to copy the settings. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Visualizing project status (p. • To make the settings available in another model. Restart Tekla Structures. • To make the settings available in all models. See also Visualizing project status (p. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.rep) and object group files (*.4d. 2. 6. 5. a In the Object representation list box. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Visualizing project status (p. select one of the predefined object representation settings.. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p.4d.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. c Define the length of the time step. and they have the file name extension *. Modify the visualization settings. 3. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. copy them to the system folder. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. 3.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1.. click the step buttons.

5.Representation dialog box. See also Visualizing project status (p. select Earlier than or equal.In the following example. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. a In the Category list box. Click View > Representation > Object representation. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 3.. See also Click Modify.. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p.. 6. select Select date. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool.. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. To make it easier to select parts. Click User-defined attributes.. e Select Review date and click OK. 7. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. Finally. 2. d In the Value list box. Visualizing project status (p. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute.. The Select Date dialog box appears. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. 8. To define an erection schedule: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . On the Status tab.. To create the object group: 1. select INSTALL_PLAN. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. 3. 137) Creating object representation settings (p.. select Object. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. After that. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. 4. to open the Object Group . Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. b In the Property list box. c In the Condition list box. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. 2. Click Object group.

select Hidden. Click Save as. select Color by class. For example. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. Define the length of the time step. b In the Object group list box. plan_same_or_before_review_date.4. To create object representation settings: 1. enter a name for the visualization. enter a name for the group. 5... 2. 3. For example. 6. select Color by class. a Click Add row. 4. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. select the object group All. In the box next to the Save as button.. In the box next to the Save as button. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . enter a name for the object representation settings. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. 5. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. 137). See also Object representation settings (p. 7. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. b In the Object group list box.. c In the Color list box. To create visualization settings: 1. 5. d In the Transparency list box. Click Save as. scheduled_erection_date. In the Object representation list box. you will create project status visualization settings. 138). select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 132) Visualizing project status (p. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 2. 3. d In the Transparency list box. 133) Visualizing project status (p. select the object group you just created. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. See also Object groups (p. 4. a Click Add row. select Visible. c In the Color list box. In the box next to the Save as button.

In the list box next to the Load button. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 2. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 3. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. Click Load. click the step buttons.See also Visualizing project status (p. 4. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. To view the visualization in the model. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 ... 138). 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

149) Finding distant objects (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. See also Measuring objects (p. 135) 5.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . it is useful to check the model for errors.

Select a part. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. Pick the end point. Measuring objects (p. 2. Pick the starting point. 3. 4. Measuring objects (p. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. All measurements are temporary. 143) Measuring angles (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . To measure bolt spacing: 1. the distance between two points and between bolts. Pick the end point. Pick the starting point. See also Measuring distances (p. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. For more information on each command. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. 2. Pick the center point. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. 2. 5. Select a bolt group. 4. 3. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip.

145) Clash Check Manager (p. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. or reference model objects that collide. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. bolts. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts.See also Measuring objects (p. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Finding clashes in a model (p. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p.

Click Tools > Clash Check. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. select a row in the clash check log. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. To locate the colliding objects. Select the objects you want to check.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. If colliding objects are found. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. You can continue working during the clash check. 2. you can choose whether to continue checking. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. or stop checking. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . 3. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p.

2. if the profile has changed). the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. double-click a row. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. Only certain object properties affect this flag. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . When you re-run clash check. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. 3. See also To highlight a clash in the model. or missing. right-click one of the column headings. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. select a row in the list of clashes. You can continue working during the clash check. Click to check the objects. When the clash check is complete. The clash is not new. In the model. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. A check mark it is visible. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. resolved. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. To see which properties have an effect. modified. 4. Clash Check Manager (p. 2. 1. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. 5. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. If the object has been modified (for example.

If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. See also Clash Check Manager (p. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. . Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. Click OK. 3. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . In Clash Check Manager. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. In Clash Check Manager. 2. 3. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. In the Open dialog box. select a session. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 3. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. Click . 2.

.. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . If the fields are empty. 5. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . 5. If you clear the check boxes. 4. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. Click In the Save As dialog box. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. In the Options dialog box.To Save the active session Do this Click . go to the Clash check page. Click Tools > Options > Options. 2. 2.00. Click Apply or OK. the clearance will be zero. Modify the bolt clearance values. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. icon. In the File name box. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. 3. Click Save.. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. 3. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. By default. Save as. See also Clash Check Manager (p. enter a new name.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. P1003. Example For example. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. Planning your numbering series (p. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. To save time. If you do this.. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. For example. . You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. When you run numbering. 154) Family numbers (p.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. such as plates. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. P1002. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts).

2. 3. See also Defining numbering series (p. they get unique qualifier numbers. b Select a numbering series from the list. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. Click Modify. Under Numbering series. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. However. Under Compare. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. define a part prefix and a start number.. When you use family numbering. 2. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 4. and then click Add. Go to the Family numbering tab. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. go to the Cast unit tab. Defining numbering series (p. This can be used. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. for example. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model..1. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 4. 3. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed.

Click Apply. b Modify the settings.Select at least one check box. If a series overlaps another. c Click Apply or OK. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. 3. 6. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. If you select all the check boxes. If you do not select any check boxes. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . only one family number per series is assigned.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change.. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. but not all of them. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. Click Assign. clear the existing numbers. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. Update numbering in the model. 7. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap.. See also Defining numbering series (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. 5. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. See also Family numbers (p. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered.. 155) Clearing numbers (p. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. 161) 6. For more information on each command. 2. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. Family numbers (p. 4..

y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. However. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. The default start number is 1. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. If you add new parts. 159) Clearing numbers (p. for example. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 158) Changing numbers (p. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The prefix varies based on the part type. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. In this case you should renumber the parts. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. See also Numbering objects (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 .See also Numbering settings (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. the x coordinate. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. However. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. 158) Control numbers (p.

and Third direction is Z. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. For example. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. With negative directions (such as -X). The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. Example In the following example. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. 2. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. Numbering objects (p. Second direction is Y. When you assign control numbers. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). See also Numbering objects (p. See also Select the parts. their z coordinates are also compared. if First direction is -X. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. the sort order is X Y Z. their y coordinates are also compared.

specify which parts get control numbers. and then click Create. or family numbers after you run numbering. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. This command does not change the numbering series. or specific parts.. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. do not select any parts in the model. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. Click Apply. etc. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. 2. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p.. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers.See also Numbering objects (p. In the Renumber list box. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. select the parts. 2. select the parts in the model.. To only consider specific parts. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. In the Numbering list box. Define the control numbers to be used. See also Control numbers (p. and then click Create. 8. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. 7. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 158) Control number settings (p. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. type the first control number to be used. 3. 4. a In the Start number of control numbers field. 6. assembly. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. 4. In the Status list box. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. define the interval. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. do not select any parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. number the model. See also Control numbers (p. 8. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. For example. • To consider all parts in the model. multi-position. to assign the control numbers 2. 11. Click Apply. • 3. Indicate which parts to consider. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. 5. 5. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. b In the Step value field.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Numbering objects (p. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. Select an object. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. Click Assign. Set the desired properties. For more information on each command. 2. See also Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. This functionality only applies to steel parts. For more information on each command. To clear the position numbers: 1. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. This is for information only and the number is still changed.1. 4. To create a standard-part model: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. 3. 2. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. Next time you run numbering. If the number you specified is already in use.

If you have selected the Part name check box.. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. 12. 7. STD2. especially before producing drawings or reports. 10. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. StandardParts. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. 2. Open another model. 9. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. Explode all components. 156) 6.. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. Save the standard-part model. and so on). To check and repair numbering in a model: 1.. For information on how to interpret the log file. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6... STD1. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. Delete all unnecessary items.. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. See also Numbering objects (p. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box.For example. See also Numbering objects (p.. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. 4. 156) 6.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. see Numbering history log. 13. 5. Number the model. 8. 11. 3. > Numbering.

Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 4. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. Number the model. Number the model. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Modify one of the beams. See also Numbering objects (p. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others.2. To number identical beams: 1. 4. 5. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. 156) Changing numbers (p. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. Number the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 5. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Unless you want to repair the entire model. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. 159) 6. 2. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 3. 6. All the beams have the part position number P1. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command.

but the holes are different. and each pair has the same length. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. All beams have the same profile. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. but each pair has a different length. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. The parts have the same main profile.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 .

Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. 4. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. and then click Apply. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. 6. 5.. Create steel columns. 10. 3. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. and then click Apply. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. 7. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. To number parts in selected phases: 1. Before you start. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. 2. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. 8. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. divide the model into phases. Select the Column orientation check box. and another one for steel columns. 9. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects.. Select one of the steel columns in the model.

to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 7. and then click Apply.. Modify the numbering settings. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. 6. 3. For example.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. Select one of the parts you want to number. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Select the parts you want to number. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. 4. 5. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects.

you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p.

based on purchasing contracts. 172) Lotting (p. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. 167) Phases (p. You can classify information according to your needs. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. and categorize object types. and erection sequences. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . 176) Sketched cross sections (p.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. lots. 181) 7.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 171) Sequences (p. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. 174) Parametric modeling (p. for example.

169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. See also Creating logical areas (p.

See also In Model Organizer. Create a path structure. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). 4. 3. In large projects. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 ..To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model.. In the model. Click Tools > Model Organizer.. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. 4. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. and select Add Selected to Category. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). See also Organizing the model (p. b Click New Object Type. select the area for the section or the story. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. a Right-click Object Types.. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. You can also create subtypes for object types. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. To make it easier to view and select parts. b Click New Building. d Click New Story. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. 5.. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. c Click New Section. 2. Create object type categories. 3. In the model. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. a Right-click Logical Areas. right-click the selected section or story.. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 2. In Model Organizer. Organizing the model (p.

Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. 1. Drag the objects to another category. To show all objects again. 2. 2. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. 3. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . right-click the category and select Redraw View. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 1. 2. To show all objects again. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. See also Organizing the model (p. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the objects in the model. 1. Right-click and select Remove from Category. 3.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. Drag the category to another location. Select the new area in the model. 2. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. See also Organizing the model (p. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category.

according to their phase number. Click Add to create new phases. hide objects. You then copy this basic model to all users. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. 3.. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. the columns.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. 167) 7. First create a basic model that includes.. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. c Phases (p. Click Tools > Phase Manager. 171) Custom phase properties (p. This is phase 1. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. select an object and click Phases by objects. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. 4.. When a part of the model is completed. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. 3. 4. Click OK to save your changes.. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 .. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. and then click Modify phase. Click OK to confirm. Divide the model into phases. a To identify the phase of an object. Organizing the model (p. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. 5. 3.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. You can create reports and views. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase.. From now on.). 2. and copy objects from other models. Right-click and select Delete. select the objects. select a phase from the list. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. for example. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. 2. For example. etc.

5. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. "%d". and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. 6. and the field_format must be %d. "0. and so on. the second part number 2. "My Info 1". no. 171) 7.inp file. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. Type a name for the sequence. Creating a sequence (p. For example.0") 2. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. To finish adding parts to the sequence. The value_type must be integer. If you click Yes. use the syntax PHASE. Click Apply. add a new user-defined attribute. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1".inp file. integer. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. 3. The first part gets the sequence number 1. You can define several sequences for different purposes.inp file. a Open the objects. b In the Part attributes section. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. To use phase properties in reports and templates. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name.inp file in any standard text editor. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. For example. "0. 4. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . d Restart Tekla Structures.0". none.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. To create a new sequence: 1. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. c Save the file. See also Phases (p. MY_INFO_1. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. 173) Deleting a sequence (p.

Select a sequence name from the list. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. 2.See also Sequences (p. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. To finish adding parts to the sequence. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. If the sequence changes. Click User-defined attributes. Click Modify. 5. For example. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. Modify the sequence number. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. 3.. To check the sequence of a part: 1.. Click OK or Apply. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. For example: See also Sequences (p. Select a part. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Tools > Sequencer. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . See also Sequences (p.. MY_INFO_1. 2. 4. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.. See also Sequences (p. 3. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. you must redefine the whole sequence. 2. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.. 4.

remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example.. See also Lotting (p. 4. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). length. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. For example.. To view the properties of a part. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. 3. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. 2. See also Select a sequence name from the list. Type a lot number in the Number field. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. See also Creating a lot (p. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .2. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box.. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field.. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. When you define lots. For most model parts. 3. For example. Sequences (p. 175) Sequences (p. 172) 7. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. However. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. 5. Click Delete and then click Yes. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. 175) Deleting a lot (p. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. In that case. With this information. Click Properties. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. and material of the part. 6. Click Add. the weight is based on the size. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.

3. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. Select an existing lot from the list. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Lotting (p.. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. 2. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Click Delete. Lotting (p. Click Apply selected. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. To add parts to a lot: 1. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. 2. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.. 4. If you simply select parts. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. 3. See also Lotting (p. Click Apply selected. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Click Properties. 3. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 4. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . Select an existing lot from the list. When you hold down Shift. 2. 5. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. 4. 5. Select an existing lot from the list. When you re-open the dialog box.

They can also include formulas. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. For example. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. the column follows. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. between model objects.7. so that when you move the wall. such as a beam or column. Variables can define fixed properties. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. Create dependencies. or relationships.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. including its geometry. location and relationship to other parts. such as the name of a column.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor.. and the Variables dialog box. Open a Tekla Structures model. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. and how to use them in a model. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 2. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p.. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. the Sketch Browser.See also Parametric modeling (p.. 176) Parametric profiles (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 53) 7. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1.

182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 182) Variables (p. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical.See also Sketch Browser (p. dimensions. constraints. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. circles. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. and vice versa. arcs. tree-like structure.

or they can include formulas. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p.. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. 1. Lines. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section.. 1=Line . or 2) and thickness of the sketch. arcs. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . Variables can define fixed properties. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p.

181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. such as a cold rolled section. To sketch a polyline: 1. Pick points to create each line segment. Ensure that you create a closed shape. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. See also Sketching a polyline (p. 185) Sketching a circle (p. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. 2. 4. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. arcs. and circles. 184) Sketching an arc (p. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. Open the cross section sketch editor. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). To sketch an arc: 1. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . To sketch a circle: 1. Pick three points to define the arc. Open the cross section sketch editor.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 2. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. 4. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). Open the cross section sketch editor. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points.

To straighten the entire profile. To add a parallel constraint: 1. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. For example. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. you can straighten lines. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. 3. Before you start. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. close the shape. Select another line in the sketch (2). Although the shape is locked. create 90 degree angles. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. force lines to meet. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . you can still rotate the profile in the model.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. and add chamfers in corners. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2.

Before you start. The lines do not have to intersect. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. by extending or shortening one or both lines. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. 3. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. if they are within a certain distance of each other.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. The lines do not have to intersect. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. Select another line in the sketch (2). Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Select a line in the sketch (1).

186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. Pick the end of the first line (1). Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Pick the end of the second line. Before you start. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 4. 2. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. To add a fixed constraint: 1. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. To add a horizontal constraint: 1.1. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 2). See also Select a line in the sketch. Select the lines you want to straighten (1.

3. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 2. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Click Refresh. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 4. Before you start. 2). 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select the constraint you want to delete.

Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. if you create the dimension marked in red. Before you start. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. Select the arc or circle. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To add a radial dimension: 1. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. In the following example. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2.

To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. between two points you pick. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. 3. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. Select the first line (1). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. To add an angle dimension: 1. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . If you are unable to see the angle symbol. 3. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Before you start. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. Select the second line (2). 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 3. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. Select the connection positioning planes. Change the Value field. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 4. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click Modify. 3. 3. Click to show the part positioning planes. 2. Click to show the connection positioning planes. Select the part positioning planes. 2. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2. To revert to the default positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default.

5. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Type a name in the Prefix field. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and then click OK. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. 2. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. for example. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. and then click OK. special characters. You cannot include numbers. 2. Type a new name in the Prefix field. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. Click Save sketch .bin file. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.4. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Click Save sketch as . Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. Click Save sketch . Update an existing cross section 1. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. or blank spaces in the cross section name. To save a sketched cross section. 2.db1 file.

change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Close the object properties dialog box. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 4. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . For example. 2.. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. 2. Double-click an object to modify its properties. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. 6. 5. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. See also next to their name. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. 4. such as a cold rolled section. Click OK to close the dialog box. you can create rounded cross section corners. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor.. 5. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Modify the object properties. 3. 7. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. To modify a chamfer: 1. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click Modify. Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 1. In the Sketch Browser. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. In the cross section sketch editor. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. depending on the extrusion type. P1) after =. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. When you change the thickness. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. P1). the profile grows inwards. or 2) after =. sketch an open polyline. outwards. Type the value of the thickness after =. In the Formula column. 3. b Type the extrusion type number (0. 2. define the default value for the parameter variable. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 4. or symmetrically in both directions. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu.

See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. click the button next to the Shape field. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline.. Open the Select Profile dialog box. click the Select. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Select a profile with the sketched cross section.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. 2. button next to the Profile field.. Click OK to apply the changes. See also For concrete parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 4. Pick points to place the part in the model. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. • For steel parts. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. 5. 7. 6. • 3. If you have applied constraints correctly. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. you are ready to use it in the model.

\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. 4. Save the image in bmp format in the . and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model.bmp. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p... To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. Use the cross section name as the filename.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . for example. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. 2. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. for example Microsoft Paint. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders.uel). 5. mysketch. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. 3. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. Open the cross section sketch editor.

Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. 8.bin file. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. Click OK. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . In the Import Components dialog box. 6. To automatically import all *. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. 2. Select Sketched profiles from the list. 4. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. 3. To export several cross sections. browse for the folder.. or copy the profdb. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. 7. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. you need to import both the cross section and profile.uel). 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Click OK.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. To import sketched cross sections: 1. Select the file to import. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*.. By default. In the component list. Right-click and select Export. 7. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. from the pop-up menu. 5. right-click and select Import. 5. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to.. 6. 3. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Select the cross sections you want to export. 4. To use profiles from a model. In the Export Components dialog box. 2. from the pop-up menu.

you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. Finally. you will use the cross section in a model. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. After that. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. At this stage. When you use the profile in the model. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 2. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Open the cross section sketch editor. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example.

See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 4.3.

See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. In the Variables dialog box. and 3. h2. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. Save the cross section. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 198) Variables (p. and h2.2. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 5. enter the following values for the distances: 4. h1. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. command to create the distances h1.

2. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. d In the Label in dialog box box. enter 10. 183) Sketch Browser (p. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. c In the Visiblity box. See also Save the cross section. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. select Show. enter Thickness. select Show. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. Variables (p. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify.00.00. and then enter =P1. c In the Visiblity box. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 2. enter Chamfer. b Right-click ExtrusionType. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. In the Variables dialog box. 3. do the following: . b In the Formula box. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. In the Variables dialog box.1. In the Sketch Browser. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. enter 20. a Right-click Thickness. 3. d In the Label in dialog box box. b In the Formula box.

c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. See also Save the cross section. Pick points to place the part in the model. • For steel parts. and then enter =P2. Click OK to apply the changes. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. 4. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. 2. 183) Sketch Browser (p. click the button next to the Shape field. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 6. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. In the Sketch Browser. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties.4. • 3. 5. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. and select the CSHAPE profile. Open the Select Profile dialog box.. click the Select. 199) Variables (p.. 5. b Right-click Chamfer X. For concrete parts. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. button next to the Profile field.

193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

211) View settings (p. 215) Part properties (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. 212) Point properties (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 227) Numbering settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. See also Grid properties (p. 233) 8. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 217) Detail properties (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. 213) Color settings (p. 212) Rotation settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p.

. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid.. Grid lines (p.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. Select to bind objects to grid lines. y.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . See also X . Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. z is absolute). 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . and z directions (x and y are relative. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. Option Phase The phase number. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. and z directions.. Grids (p. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Select to bind objects to the grid line. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. y..

Option Id The ID number. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. All parts are colored according to their Class property. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. y. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Indicates the correct location of the point. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 .Rotate and Move . Coordinates See also Points (p. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Defines the number of copies created. and z coordinates of a point. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Option As is The current color is used. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. which is used in log files. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. The rotation angle between the original and new position. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. See also Object representation settings (p. The local (work plane) and global x.

Object is transparent in rendered views. Saves the screenshot to a file. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. There are limitations to pixel density. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Object representation settings (p. the settings will be read from that object group.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. The height of the screenshot. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Object is not shown in the views. Option As is The current visibility. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Sets the line width.. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. The Options. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings ..

215) Display settings (p. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. Which object group is displayed in the view. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how...See also Creating a screenshot (p. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view.. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective).. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. In addition. Visible object group Object group.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. The projection type of rendered views. Opens the Object Group . Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. as do text and points. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. See also View properties (p. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. the zoom remains on part surfaces.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. 215) Grid view properties (p. Rotation is view-specific. The appearance of the model in the view. See also Views (p. 124) 8. When you zoom. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. Display. You can zoom. or fly through it. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. text and point size remains the same. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). rotate the model.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 ..

and nuts as solids. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. but skips cuts. when viewing the entire model. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Reference line shows parts as sticks. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The Show. PLAN +3000. washers. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.. or large parts of it. button displays the current view properties. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. Some of these settings may affect system performance. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. Each view plane has its own view properties. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. e. This option increases display speed significantly. no prefix is used. This name overrides the name in the view properties. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. Exact displays the cuts. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed.. None does not create any views. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. See also Creating grid views (p.g. Exact shows bolts. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view.

When using this option. 222) Strip footing properties (p. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 223) Concrete column properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 221) Pad footing properties (p. 128) 8.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . 218) Contour plate properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. This option is only available in wire frame views. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). 220) Twin profile properties (p. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. Point size Defines the size of points in views. 218) Steel beam properties (p. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. See also Steel column properties (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). Fast only displays the circle in the first plane.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts.

The horizontal position of the column. The analysis properties of the column. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. and to identify parts of the same type. How the column is rotated around its axis. The type of finish. Finish is user-definable. The material of the column. relative to its reference point. Warping. Creating a steel column (p. relative to its reference point. and shortening of the column.prt. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. or curved beam. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.clm. It describes how the part surface has been treated. steel polybeam. cambering. e. etc. with anti-corrosive paint. Class Used to group columns. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. For example. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The design information of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. The user-definable name of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column.g. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. The position of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. fire retardant coating. The assembly mark series of the column.

The analysis properties of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam.cpl. The position of a beam. For example. The assembly mark series of the beam. etc. and to identify parts of the same type. and shortening of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. Warping. e. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. Creating a steel beam (p. hot galvanized. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The loading properties of the beam. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Class Used to group beams. The design information of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 .g. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The user-definable name of a beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of a beam on the work plane. Finish is user-definable. The finish type. The material of a beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. fire retardant coating. cambering.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. The support conditions of the beam ends.

Finish is user-definable. and to identify parts of the same type.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. for example PL20. with anti-corrosive paint. e. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. hot galvanized. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. The spanning properties of the plate. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The material of the beam. etc. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The assembly mark series of the beam. The finish type. The user-definable name of the beam. The analysis properties of the contour plate. For example.g. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. The material of the contour plate. It describes how the part surface has been treated. fire retardant coating. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam.crs. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. The format is PL+ thickness. Profile The profile of the contour plate. The position of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. in terms of depth. The design information of the contour plate. perpendicular to the work plane. Profile Material The profile of the beam. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The loading properties of the plate. Creating a contour plate (p. and to identify parts of the same type.

The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. with anti-corrosive paint. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. with anti-corrosive paint. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The analysis properties of the beam. relative to its reference point.g. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. hot galvanized. and to identify parts of the same type. Finish is user-definable. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. The support conditions of the beam ends.g. It describes how the part surface has been treated. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. e.dia. fire retardant coating. etc.Option Finish The finish type. Finish is user-definable. The design information of the beam. hot galvanized. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The type of finish. The material of the beams. e. fire retardant coating. relative to its reference point. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. The horizontal position of the beam. The position of the beam. etc. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. The user-definable name of the twin profile. Class Used to group beams.

For example. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The vertical clearance between the profiles. e. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. The type of finish. The beam position. Defines how the profiles are combined. The analysis properties of the twin profile. relative to the beam’s reference line. Class Used to group pad footings. Creating a twin profile (p. with anti-corrosive paint. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. and to identify parts of the same type. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The design information of the twin profile. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. in terms of depth. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing.cpf. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. The material of the pad footing. relative to its reference point.g. etc. The vertical position of the pad footing. fire retardant coating. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. perpendicular to the work plane. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. For example. Finish is user-definable. The offsets of the ends of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. hot galvanized.

and to identify parts of the same type. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. etc.csf. relative to its reference point. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. For example. The analysis properties of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. with anti-corrosive paint.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. The type of finish. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. e. fire retardant coating. hot galvanized. Class Used to group strip footings. The material of the strip footing. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. Creating a pad footing (p.g. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Finish is user-definable. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction.

How much the column is rotated around its axis. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point.ccl. The analysis properties of the column. e. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. The support conditions of the column ends. cambering and shortening of the column.g. Creating a strip footing (p. etc. The design information of the column. Define the cast unit series of the column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Creating a concrete column (p. hot galvanized. The material of the column. Class Used to group columns. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. with anti-corrosive paint. The design information of the footing. Finish is user-definable. The type of finish. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. fire retardant coating. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Warping. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. For example.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. and to identify parts of the same type.

The beam position on the work plane. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends.csl. Class Used to group beams. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place.g. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The design information of the beam. The analysis properties of the beam. The loading properties of the beam. The material of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam.cbm. fire retardant coating. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. For example. It describes how the part surface has been treated. etc. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. and to identify parts of the same type. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. relative to its reference line. The offsets of the ends of the beam. cambering and shortening of the beam. e. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The type of finish.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. Warping. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. Finish is user-definable. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Creating a concrete beam (p.

Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. It describes how the part surface has been treated.g. The type of finish. with anti-corrosive paint.cpn. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. e. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. The loading properties of the slab. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the slab. The material of the panel. Define the cast unit series of the slab. hot galvanized. Creating a concrete slab (p. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. The spanning properties of the slab.g. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. Class Used to group panels. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of the slab. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. and to identify parts of the same type. in terms of depth. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. For example. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. etc. Finish is user-definable. e. The type of finish. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . you can display parts of different classes in different colors. fire retardant coating. The material of the slab. perpendicular to the work plane. For example. Class Used to group slabs. The design information of the slab. fire retardant coating.

The analysis properties of the panel. See also Bolt properties (p. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. The position of the panel. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. 81) 8. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. The loading properties of the panel. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. relative to its reference line. Creating a concrete panel (p. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. The spanning properties of the panel. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The offsets of the ends of the panel. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. The design information of the panel. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the panel.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. 229) Weld types (p. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. Bolt assembly standard/grade. 227) Weld properties (p.

g. depending on the bolt group shape. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. depending on the bolt group shape. or co-ordinate.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Zero for a round hole. In the illustration below. If the bolt connects several parts. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. in both directions from the bolt group plane. enter a negative value for cut length (e. This allows the bolt to move in different directions.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. Zero for a round hole.e. -150). A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. or coordinate. For example. Extra length Additional bolt length. group diameter. number. y allowance of a slotted hole. Tolerance = Hole diameter . 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . x allowance of a slotted hole. Bolt spacing. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Bolt spacing. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B.

but does not display it drawings. The size of the weld. or groove. relative to the current work plane. Bolts (p. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. At depth Dx. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Type Angle See Weld types (p. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. Dy. bevels. 93). The angle of weld preparation. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. Tekla Structures creates the weld. For example.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. 231). Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. not in drawings.

The space between the welded parts. See Weld position (p. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. information about the weld specification or process. For example. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. 72). Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. for example 50–100. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. 92). Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. for example. To change the separator to @. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. To create a non-continuous weld. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. for example. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. defining the start and end points of the weld. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. This setting affects assemblies and drawings.

Welds (p. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the electrode strength.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Defines the process type. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded.

Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. The name of the chamfer. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Use these fields. The dimensions of the chamfer. to give plates varying thicknesses. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. See also Chamfering part corners (p. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. for example.

The shape and position of the first end point. See also Chamfering part edges (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 .5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. 107) 8. All information on previous numbers is lost. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. The shape and position of the second end point.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. and the shape is straight. and the shape is angled. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. and the shape is straight. See also General numbering settings (p. 234) Control number settings (p. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts.

The orientation of beams affects numbering. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. See Assembly position numbers (p. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. size. Numbering objects (p. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. The orientation of columns affects numbering. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. and save sequence. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. The part name affects numbering. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. 157). Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. numbering. and number of holes affects numbering. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings.

Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. See also Numbering objects (p. Needed only with the By numbering series option. No keeps the existing control numbers. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Control numbers (p. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Defines the interval between two control numbers. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. If some welds have been removed. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 241) 9.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 2. 237) Part positioning tips (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 239) Right-hand rule (p.

5. b Select an object. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. Before you start. then copying it to several levels. when creating grids and levels in a new model. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. selection filters. Save time by modeling these areas once. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. 6. 3. To stop copying or moving objects. 4.3. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. Start the Move or Copy command. For example. To use a default set of part properties. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. Click Save as to save the set of properties. try modeling an entire floor. In the box next to the Save as button. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . This can useful when creating view filters. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. and object groups. c Enter the values you want to use. 2. Depending on the project. create an empty view or selection filter. or an object group. for example. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. 7. enter BEAM. For example. For a project that has several identical floors. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. The dialog box remains open on the screen. Click Load to load the properties. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. enter a name for the set of properties. from simple frames to entire floors. then copying them throughout the model. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box.

The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 2. the index finger the y axis. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. 4. Click Add row. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles.To select values from the model: 1. 2. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. Download and install the application. Open the Background color in model editor document.. click Select from model.. In the Value list box. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. select one of the options. index finger. Views (p. You can either select a date from the calendar. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. • See also Use the Page Up. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. you can use the Xmouse option. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box.. When you hold the thumb. To activate a view. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. 2. and the middle finger the z axis. and then select an object. 132) Creating a visualization (p. 3. select the review date. With Xmouse active. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. a b To select an object property. or define the number of days before or after the review date. and then select one of the options.. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. 3. Page Down and arrow keys. click Select date. to open the Select date dialog box. To select a date.

to open the Display dialog box.. Try to position the cut at least 0. 4.. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. the cut is more likely to succeed. If the component fails.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. Clear the Cuts check box. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. Click Modify. For example. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. 2. use polygon cuts. 3. To locate the failure in the model. See also Cuts (p. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. • • • • If a cut fails. Cuts (p. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. Click Display. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. Note that after creating the polygon. especially in components. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips .3 mm).3 mm outside of the part planes.

241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. Click a row that contains an ID number. 2.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. To lengthen a part. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. This can cause shop errors. It can cause problems with connections and details. move the part handles. or use the Fit Part End command. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. See also Modifying part length (p. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Hold down Z. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Click a row that contains an ID number. Hold down F. 2. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. move the part handles.

you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. such as beams. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. and from bottom to top (in positive x. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. 40) Points (p. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. For example. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips .See also Part position (p. 57) Fittings (p. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. Create points. lines and circles. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. Creating a single grid line (p. Use construction planes. y directions). 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. pick positions from left to right. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. always pick points in the same direction.

............................... see visualizing project status .... 75 joining..........105 corner chamfers ................................................................................................................................. 117 c cambering parts..................................84 changing the main part.............................................. 225 concrete polybeams .......................................................81 adding non-concrete objects ............................................................................................................143 bolting sub-assemblies........................ 71................... 67....Index # 3D models...........................82 exploding .............................................................................................................88 bolt spacing ............................................................................... 23 examples......................... 131 sub-assemblies ......................... 75 comparing ............................................. 71 using welds to create assemblies .............107 in sketches ...............................83 lotting..................................................115 concrete beams..........................105 corner chamfer types..................................82 creating........... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ..................................68 orthogonal beams........82 cast unit type ............................................................................. 74 numbering ........ 30 angle dimensions ............................................................................83 casting direction .................148 creating.. 174 nested assemblies ......................................73............................157 removing objects ............................................................................................... 71 examples....................................................................69 steel beams ....................79 curved beams.................................................................................... 191 angles............................... 149 creating ......................174 numbering ...... 86..............................86 bolt offsets .......................................................................................... 218 steel polybeams ...............................83 cast units ............................................72 clash checking.................................................115 cast in place.. 143 arcs................ 39 4D tool.... 157 removing objects ....................................... 75 changing the main part..........................................105 edge chamfers......................................................88 a absolute coordinates ......................................................................................................................................................................... 15 views ............................ 85................................................................................................................... 71 using bolts to create assemblies ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 lotting...................................... 88 modifying ............. 75 showing and hiding ......................................................................................................................87 bolt group shape............................................................................................................................. 72 attaching parts......................................82 adding objects ..........................................................................113 bending............. 74 changing the main assembly.......83 highlighting .......................................................................................104 corner chamfer dimensions ............... 227 bolt group position ............................ 76 highlighting .....................................................................73................................................... 76 exploding...........................................................84 chamfering......... 79............................................. 135 beams cambering..........199 b background color changing.........................................................................................67 warping............................................................................................ 185 assemblies ..........83 top-in-form face .................................................................................................................................................................. 70 adding objects ..........................................................65 bolts .............

...............235 coordinates coordinate system...........................................................................187 deleting ....................... 51...................................................187 colliding objects ................... 66.................. 232 types and dimensions .......................................................146 managing results ...............................................................146 class................................................................... 55 classifying information ..........................23 background color examples...............................................40 construction circles ............ 144.........................................148 changing priority ...186 perpendicular ................................ 31 columns concrete columns ............................................................ 80... 145...........................................................................................................................................................................................................239 grid color.............................................................. 28.................. 78...............................................................28 copying hints and tips... 223 warping .................41 construction lines ............................................................................ 149 bolts ...........................................144 colors ..............................55 background color ............................................... 224 pad footings . 158..................................189 fixed ...........................................................................................136 corner chamfers .. 225 cast units.............124 coincident contraints ............23 color settings .......................... 145.....................................................................147 list of clashes ................. 117 comparing parts or assemblies.................................132 concrete parts ................. 146 clash checking ...................................... 159 settings .....................................147 changing status .....................................................................................238 object groups ........................................ 79............................................. 105....................... 222 panels ...................................................................................................................188 horizontal .....................................84 columns .................................................................................189 construction objects ................................................146 sessions...... 226 polybeams .............................................................................................. 78.....113 constraints................... 81......................................................... 78...................167 clip planes............................................................................................................................................................................................213 finding RGB values...... 69...............................133 object representation settings.......188 parallel ........................147 symbols ......................................................... 78.............................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .....................135 project status visualizations ...............186 coincident......40 contour plates ................................................................................. 225 strip footings .......149 components showing and hiding............................................................79 slabs ......................................................................... 219 control numbers ..... 224 steel columns......... 116. 146........checking sketched cross sections ...............................................................................................................................................................77 beams ..........81 casting direction...41 construction planes...............................104..........................68..............................187 vertical .........142 circles........................................................................................ 218 combining parts ..185 Clash Check Manager ..........................197 checking the model............................................................

80 construction circles......................................171 detail properties .................. 108 grid lines.................131 examining the model .... 165 tile pattern definition ................................................................................... 112 polygon cuts ..................................................................................193 horizontal............................................................................................................... 124 concrete beams...................................................................................................................... 137...................................... 139 erection sequences .................191 deleting from a sketch .................................................... 35 welds ........ 67 steel columns ...................................................................................................... 78 sub-assemblies ...........101 visualizing erection schedules........................................................................................................................................................................... 172 single bolts ....... 174 models...... 169 orthogonal beams ..................................................................................................................................................48 dimensions angle............................................................ 100 twin profiles ............ 93............................................................................................................................. 79 concrete slabs .136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ................................................................ 79 concrete columns ............... 111 part cuts............................................................................ 41 construction planes ................ 82 clip planes .................................................creating assemblies ........... 78 project status visualizations ..............................................76 background colors .......................................63 erection schedules...............................................171 object types ............................... 132 object representation settings ..................137 numbering ..................................171 exact lines.. 91.......................................................................................................... 32 grid views ........................126 adding attributes........................................................................119 examples assemblies ...................................................................... 90 logical areas ...................192 in sketching .......240 line cuts .........................................................................................................................................191 between two points......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 71 bolts......................................................................... 68 fittings............... 168 lots........................................89...............216 distances measuring.......... 81 concrete polybeams ........................................................... 40 contour plates.......................................... 88 sketched cross sections ..................................................................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor................................................65........................................................... 232 end offsets ....................127 modifying contents .......................... 71 tile patterns............ 86 cast units ........................................192 display settings ......................................... 124 sections ...................... 16 nested assemblies .................... 160 steel beams................... 80 standard-part models .................. 134 object type categories .......... 69 pad footings...................................171 e edge chamfers..138 creating project status visualization settings .......... 163.................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section...................... 107...............................................................162.......................... 74 object groups................................................................................204 defining erection schedules........................................................................................................................139 visualizing project status ... 41 construction lines . 181 sketching cross sections .................................................. 109................ 104.......................................................... 38 grids .................... 136 screenshots..................................23 creating object groups .68...............................................................................137 creating object representation settings........... 184 slabs...................190 vertical .................................................................................... 66 steel polybeams ......................................................................................................................109 hints and tips ....... 67 storys...................................... 69 curved beams.................................................................. 70 views ........................................ 111 d deleting logical areas ........................... 68 Custom Inquiry ....................... 110....... 168 sequences.... 168 strip footings................................................. 164.............. 109......................................70..............................227 DGN supported objects ........................................................................... 181 curved parts..........................................................127 cuts ...... 78 concrete panels......................................................................143 dividing models..............................................................................................................190 radial.................................................................................................................... 30 holes.........

..............................................................58 reference models .......188 horizontal dimensions ................................237 holes ..............................................................195 reference lines .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................238 parts........................163 modifying .................215 grids coordinates ......................................116 levels...............................................................................................................30 deleting ......................................................................31 origin..........................................................................................................................62 i identical areas............ 31 labels .........................................................................................123 footings ..................................45 selected parts ...............................................30 creating....................145 finding distant objects ....................................28 grid lines ..............................................................................................31 grid color..................................................................211 work plane grid ...............................................................................29 modifying ............................................................................................................... 111 lines exact ....27 hiding assemblies............................................................................................192 horizontal position ....................................................................................................................78.28 h handles ......................................................26 highlighting assemblies.....................................................................................................................32 deleting ...............................75 l lengthening parts ........................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .....132 cut lines........................................................................................38 properties...............................................................................................42 sketched cross sections.................... 31 line extensions...........................................76 cast units ............. 90 horizontal constraints .........126 object properties ......................................................................................................................57 of positioning planes................................................................................................153 importing points ...........203 inquiring models . 109..............................................................................126 j joining assemblies........... 223 g global coordinate system ......29 properties.130 top-in-form face.................................................................exploding assemblies.........152 reinforcements .........................................................................45 hints and tips...131 components ..............................................................200 f family numbers .....................................................................................................64 line cuts.....................................................................................31 part labels ..............................................................................131 work area ........................................ 29.......................................83 exporting sketched cross sections .....................................................188 flying through model .....................32 creating......................................................................84 unselected parts .........................................212 grid views creating.............................................. 89.............................................................................................................................131 local coordinate system ..................156 finding clashes ..............................................................83 reference models .......................75 cast units..........................33 modifying .........................57 moving ..56 positioning planes .................................................................................................................................... 222...........................................................................108 fixed constraints........................33 properties................................. 28........ see tips ..155 example ........203 extrusion types.................................149 fittings ..............................................................................................240 grid labels ....................................................

..............................................................195 using handles .................. 143 distances ....................................... 153............. 238 parametric modeling............................................................................ 74 numbering............ 233................... 123 inquiring........................................................ 158.........................................161 identical parts ......... 16 dividing into phases........................ 119 zooming.............................................................................................................................................138 object types ................................................................ 114 models about 3D models .................153 modifying ...................................... 169 o object groups ...................... 143 bolt spacing ..........137 transparency settings ......................................157 cast units ..............................133 copying ...........................................................................................167 viewing ...................................... 122 numbering .. 174 deleting......238 models in a view.....................167..................................................................................................................................... 165 family numbers ....................................................................................................154 preliminary numbers........... 155....................................................................................................................... 175 moving hints and tips ............................................ 54 measuring objects ....... 143 angles......log files viewing ........135 example... 156 settings .................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ......................161 clearing..................................................................................................... 174 adding parts ..........................................................................126 object representation settings....................172 series.......................................................................................... 151...... 156 about numbering ....................................................................135 creating..................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)....................... 159 examples .......... 120 materials..................................................................................... 168 viewing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 154........................... 73.................. 58 Model Editor screen layout...................151 assemblies ..... 235 standard-part model ......................... 151 organizing............................. 234............................................................................................153 what affects ............................57 n nested assemblies........................................................... 21 Model Organizer............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 175 creating . 237 identical areas .................162............................... 163.................................................................. 15 checking for errors .................158 reinforcements.......... 156..................................... 119 modifying logical areas ............ 119 flying through model......................134 deleting...............................................132 deleting..........................................................................................160 user-defined attributes..............................................152 numbering settings ...214 object property report templates................................................ 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ............ 176 rendered or plan view?. 164.. 170 lotting....................... 175 removing .......................................................................................157 sequences ........................157 checking and repairing ..........................................................................................213 copying to another model ......... 167 modeling hints and tips ......................................................................................152 identical reinforcements ................................................................................................................. 121 saving.........................................133 creating........................................................................160 control numbers............................................ 167 rotating ................ 142 creating ................................................................. 17 viewing ............................................................................ 163 history.................... 171 examining...133 example.........................................122 positioning planes.....................................132 color settings ...............................233 m Magnifier..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 241 logical areas ...... 169 object types ..159 numbering series......................................................................... 126 moving..............................................................

..................................................................128 finding distant objects ...............................................................................212 properties........................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................... 145 defining visibility.........167 orthogonal beams ...........................................174 material ............................................................................ 58 profiles ........................... 67.............................................................................................................................................164 plane views .............. 112 default properties ...............149 inquiring properties ......................................................220 overlapping numbering series ............93 polylines ..................................................................................................................74 assemblies.....70 bending ......................................................................................................................81 panning ..........................237 hiding .............90 p pad footings ................................................................................................................................................156 placing objects in model ................................................................................................................ 110..................................................................... 79 polygon cuts.......................................176 parametric profiles .................................................................112 polygon welds ............ 173 shortening ..............116 showing only selected parts.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................176 profiles ...................................................................................117 part labels ....... 156 part types ......117 steel parts .....242 positioning .....................................................................................................................56 lengthening ...................................................39 points ...................................................................................................................................................................186 parametric modeling .............................................66 user-defined attributes ....................................................................................................................115 lengthening in drawings ................................116 lotting ...................63 opening models ..............................................................187 phases ...................................................................115 shortening in drawings..........................................................................................130 horizontal parts ..............................................116 comparing ............... 78........................... see attaching parts ..................................156 views...........................171 in numbering .........................................................................................122 parallel constraints..................................................52 properties..........51 sequences ..................................................objects clash checking ...........126 measuring....242 identical parts...........................217 parts adding to assembly........................................ 144...............242 showing and hiding.......................52 combining ...............42 coordinates ................................212 polybeams...56 part properties....................................113 perpendicular constraints...................143 numbering.......................................................................................54 changing the profile ......................42 phase and ID ......................... 154............................................................................................................239 oversized holes............................241 numbering..............................................17 organizing the model ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................149 concrete parts .........54 modifying part length ....131 showing with exact lines ..................................................55 warping .................................................................... 111 polygon shapes.......................212 importing ........................115 changing the material ...............................65 cambering ................................................................................... 57.........................................128 offsets ....................................................56 showing and hiding...................... 222 panels ............................................77 cutting with another part ..53 part add...... 109.............................................. 172......................152 labels .........................52 position .........................................................................131 splitting..............

...................................46 reference points.........................................................................................................149 RGB values ...136......157 relative coordinates .............................................................................. 52 parametric .............................................44 modifying properties .................................................................................................................................................................213 rotation angle knob ....... 193 handles................................... 59 vertical...................................................................................................................................................................................................57 refreshing views.......................................................................................... 147 profiles........ 65 redrawing views............................................................................................. 190 radius.................................................................................. 65 depth ...............21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ..........................................................44 selecting ...............................................58 round holes...................................................................... 201 standard ......239 rotating models.................................... 195 reverting to default .....................................................45 viewing changes... 53 weld size prefix..... 237 r radial dimensions ...................................................................................................................................................................... 93 preliminary numbers.............................. 59 rotation ......................................................53.........................................................................................................................................................position bending ........................................................ 196 moving................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor ...................................... 58 reference model objects .....................................................................48 updating..........45 inserting......................................... 135 copying..................................................................................................................... 136 example................................48 supported DGN objects ...................................................121 parts ..................................................................... 53 separators .... 47 selecting ............241 representation options ....... 136 creating ................................................................................161 report templates for inquiring object properties .................................197 to old clash checking functionality .........................................................................17 sketched cross sections .........................................................................................................36 representation options..................89 plates...........43 clash checking..45 splitting into reference objects..............................................................................................128 restoring default work plane ..... 136 deleting.................59 rotation settings ......................................................................... 39 reference lines.................................................. 53 twin profiles .................................................................... 125 priority in clash checking.....................................................................................................80 s saving models..................................................................................128 repairing numbering errors ............ 138 properties default ..................... 63 horizontal......................................................... 53 project status visualizations..239 right-hand rule ................................................126 reports viewing ....................................................................................57.........45 viewing layers............................. 158 preparing parts for welding............................................................................................. 53 sketched profiles ..................28 reverting to default positioning planes..................45 highlighting .................................... 61 positioning planes.......................................................................................................39 reinforcements identical ................................................................................................................. 70 user-defined ........153 numbering .... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes................................. 62 levels ...30 rendered views ............................................................................................................................. 176 prefixes................................................................................. 48 reference models........................................................................ 94 printing screenshots..................................144 hiding........69 slabs .... 64 on the work plane.. 60 end offsets....................................................

...................193........................................184 creating images .....181 adding constraints...............................................212 grid properties.......................................................................................58 sequences .....................232 detail properties ..........................................................................221 view properties ............132 cut lines.................................................80 warping ..217 point properties........................................160 status in clash checking ........................................................199 using in models..........183 slabs........58 top-in-form face....................................................................................screenshots creating............................26 single bolts ...............................................................186 saving ...........................................................................................................................................................................200 importing .....................................................84 views....................219 corner chamfer properties .............................................................................173 settings bolt properties...................185 creating ...........................................................................................226 concrete slab properties ......................................................................................................................................................................................116 showing assemblies........56 parts with exact lines ........................................................................201 variables ..........................................................................94 Sketch Browser................. 202......172 deleting ....................................232 general modeling settings.................182 sketch editor..........................241 shortening and lengthening parts ............ 234...................................................................................................................................227 display settings ..............................................................................................................224 concrete panel properties .215 weld properties ...................................................................................................223 twin profile properties .......................................................45 values from model ...................................... 203 modifying .............................................................................................................................................................................................218 strip footing properties ........38 work area ..............131 positioning planes ................................................184 positioning planes ..... 118 plates and slabs...........................48 reference models...................185 chamfers .........218 steel column properties ........................233...................................................225 concrete column properties ............................................................................................213 screenshot settings..............201 refining the shape ....................227 concrete beam properties...............32 single-part welds .......................................................................197 circles.....................................................................................................................................................201 example ...........................198 sketch thickness .....................................................................................................................198 polylines.........................124 in Windows Vista .............................................................................212 rotation settings ................................................222 part properties .................................................................................211 grid line properties ................................................................................................195 reference lines ....................................................................................................190 arcs ..............240 parts labels ..........................214 steel beam properties .........................215 view settings ...............................................115 shortening parts in drawings .....................................................124 splitting parts.... 117.......................................................214 sections.......173 inquiring .......................................................................211 grid view properties .......................................... 235 orthogonal beam properties......................................... 194....................................................................................90 snapping to middle points............238 reference model objects ...........................................................................173 creating............................................. see screenshots ..................199 checking..........125 saving in bitmap format ...........................................................................................238 selection dial ................................................................................... 203 extrusion types.....................118 standard profiles ............................................181 sketched cross sections.............................................204 exporting ..147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................................................229 shifting the work plane ..186 adding dimensions.......................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ..........57 snapshots...................... 114 slotted holes............................................................................ 113.......................168 selecting dates from model.......... 202.......................................................125 settings .................................125 printing...........53 standard-part models ..................................................................................225 contour plate properties....220 pad footing properties......................... 196 profiles ............131 components .......................216 edge chamfer properties...............................................................................................................................................................................................................173 modifying ....172 adding parts....................................215 numbering settings .....88 single grid lines .............................................................................................................................

..................... 39 top-in-form face ............................................................................................................. 119.35 view planes........................................................................................................................... 242 right-hand rule ....... 71 bolting to existing assembly .............................................................................39 switching between views .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 72 surface treatment .170 models............................................................................................................................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 on part face ... 239 copying and moving efficiently ..................70...................................84 transparency settings ...........................................................128 visualizing project status....................................................................................................................................... 98 on cut faces......................33 arranging ...................................136 t testing sketched cross sections ........................................................... 68..........................................239 properties ..................................................................... 72 welding to existing assembly............................................................................... 237 finding RGB values for colors.......................................... 220 polybeams..................... 96 creating new surface treatments ........................... 99 modifying....... 223 sub-assemblies ............................183 vertical constraints............................................214 twin profiles.............................. 239 modeling identical areas ............................ 70................................................... 68 orthogonal beams ..............................................................................................................61 view depth ..................................................................................................... 219 curved beams.. 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ............................................................21 user-defined attributes......................................................39 temporary ............................. 103 pattern elements ...............................................................................189 vertical dimensions .......................................38 overlapping..................38 naming.....................215 refreshing .............................................................. 96 on all faces of part....................35 opening.......... 70 beams .............78.............. 104 tips activating overlapping views ................................................................................36 moving........ 197 tiled surface treatment......39 closing ............................................. 124 numbering history........................................69........... 241 placing objects ......................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor ................................................35 deleting..................................................37 view settings ...........................steel parts..............161 object types ................. 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .........96.... 242 cutting efficiently...................................................... 240 defining default part properties.......... 238 creating horizontal parts......................................................................... 239 selecting values from model.................................................................... 100 pattern definition example ............ 67 twin profiles ..........................................................................................128 view planes.............. 97 on chamfered parts ................................36 view types......................................................176 in sketching ............... 100 creating new tile patterns ........................................................ 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ... 218 columns.......................................................238 variables in parametric modeling ....173 views........ 101 pattern definitions...........................................215 viewing logical areas ........................................................................53 v values selecting from model ......... 66 assemblies ......................... 100 switching between views ..................39 creating.........................................................38 modifying ......................................36 visibility of objects................................................. 95 adding ................. 98 on selected areas..........................................................67................................................................................................................................ 218 contour plates......................170 sequence numbers...................................................................................... 168 strip footings ................................................................153 user-defined profiles ......................... 238 modifying part length....................................................66....................................................................................192 vertical position.................. 69.....55 in numbering.................................... 97 tiled surface treatment..................................................... 221 storys.................

............................................w warping beams..................................................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ....................................................... 128 defining .........................93 single-part welds...................93 weld types....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 229 between parts .....................................................28 shifting ...........91..................................120 with keyboard shortcuts ...............................113 concrete slabs ....................234 polygon welds..........................92 weld preparation ................................26 hiding .................................................................................................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............. 91.......................................................................... 113..............................................120 zoom settings............................................................................ 94 numbering...............................91 creating...........................72 wire frame views ..36 work area ...........120 zoom window ....................................120 zooming in or out ........................................ 25.26 work plane..... 114 welds.......231 welding sub-assemblies ....................................94 weld size prefixes .......................................................................................................................................................27 restoring............................................. 93...................................113 concrete parts...94 weld position.....27 workspace in Model Editor...........................................................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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