Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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...................................................................................... Modifying the position of a part ................................................................................................................. Colors ............................................................................ Assembly hierarchy ..................... Creating a steel polybeam.............2 Moving a part using handles .......... Creating a round contour plate ...... Materials................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Levels ..... 66 Assemblies................................................................................................. Creating a curved beam ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a steel beam .................................................... Adding parts to an assembly .....4 Creating an assembly........................ Changing the material of a part ............... Creating a contour plate .. Parametric profiles ................................................. 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................................. Adding objects to assemblies.................................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views ................................................................................................................................. Horizontal position ......................................................................................... Bending .......................... Creating an orthogonal beam.............................................................................................. 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position .................................. End offsets .....................................................3 Creating a steel column..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... User-defined attributes ........................................................................................................... Showing part labels in a view ........................................................................................ Using welds to create assemblies ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ...................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a sub-assembly ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Using bolts to create assemblies .......................................................................... Standard profiles .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Position on the work plane .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .............................................................................................. Vertical position .................................................... User-defined profiles ............................... Part labels ......................................... 3.............................. Creating a twin profile....... Position depth .....................................................................Changing the profile of a part ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3.............................................................. Rotation ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3............. 57 Steel parts..................................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly ................................

.................. Bolt group shape ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ................................................................................................ Changing the main assembly ...................................................................................................................... Adding objects to cast units ............. Defining the casting direction of a part .. Creating a concrete panel ..................................................................................................................................................... Creating a single bolt ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Defining the cast unit type............................. Highlighting objects in an assembly ................................................................................................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 85 Creating a bolt group......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a strip footing .................................................................1 Bolts................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a round slab ................................................................................................................................... Changing the assembly main part ................................. Showing the top-in-form face .................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ............................................................................................................................................................. Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit .............................................................................................................................................. Exploding a cast unit .................. Bolt group position ........................................................................................................ Removing objects from a cast unit ........................................................................................................................................ Changing the cast unit main part ................................ Changing or adding bolted parts ..................................................... 4.............................................................6 Creating a cast unit ............ 85 4....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing.......... Casting direction ......................... Creating a concrete beam.......................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete column .............. Highlighting objects in a cast unit............................................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes ...................................................................... Creating a concrete polybeam .............................. Removing objects from an assembly ................................... 89 Creating round holes................................................................................................................................................................................. 77 Cast units.......... Exploding an assembly ...................................................................... Bolt offsets .........................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes.............................................................................................Joining assemblies ........................................................ Creating a concrete slab ....................................... 3............................. Assembly examples ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding concrete objects to a cast unit .................................... 3.............

...................................................................... Creating a weld to a part ................................................................... Cuts ............................................................................................................................................... Fittings................................................................. 104 4........................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Weld position ... Warping concrete parts . 4.................. 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ............................................................................................ Creating a fitting ........................................................................... Part cuts ........................................................... Polygon cuts ..................................................................... 100 Example pattern definition ........................................................................................................................... Weld size prefixes ..................................................................................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ............................................ Line cuts ....................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts.... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ............................................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a line ....................................... Manually preparing a part for welding .................................................................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................... Warping a beam using deformation angles ........................................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area .................................................. Cutting parts with another part ......................................................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment.................................................................................................................. Creating a polygon weld........................................................................................................................................................................................ 101 Tile pattern definitions ............................................................................................ 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ............................................................................................................................................................................. Weld preparation ..........................................................................................................................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.................................. 103 Tile pattern elements ............. Chamfering part edges ............ 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part .............................. Polybeam chamfers ..................................................................................... 104 Chamfers......................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ......... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ..........................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ....................................................................................................................................................................................................Creating oversized holes........... 100 Creating new tile patterns .... Chamfering part corners .......................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Welds .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 90 4..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon..... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ................................

....................................................................... Cambering a part ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7 Splitting parts .............................................................................. Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Inquiring object properties......................................................................................................... Lengthening a part in drawings .......................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ........................................ 116 Combining two parts into one..................... Creating a screenshot............. Representation options ......................................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .................. Showing parts with exact lines ....................... 4.................................................................................... 117 4.............................................................................................................................................................................. Printing a screenshot .................... Zooming with Magnifier .............................................................. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ...................................................................1 Viewing the model ........... Shortening a part in drawings .............. Modifying the zoom settings .......... Hiding unselected parts............................................................................................. Flying through the model...................................................................................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts....................................................................... Rotating the model ................................................................................................................. Object property report templates ....................................... 118 5 Examining the Model........................................................................................................................................................................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cambering parts.................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ..........................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed .............................................................................................. Moving the model..... Showing and hiding assemblies....................................... 5............................................................................................................................................. 118 Splitting a plate or slab........................ 119 Zooming the model ............................................................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Shortening and lengthening parts ............... 116 Attaching a part to another part................................................................... 126 Showing and hiding objects ....................................... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ...................................................................................................... 119 5..... Hiding selected parts............................ 5......................................................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers .................................................................... Creating a clip plane ........................................................................................................... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating visualization settings ................. 151 What affects numbering ........... Deleting an object group ..................................... Finding clashes in a model ............................................................................... Detecting clashes ................................................................................. Deleting visualization settings ............................................................. Comparing parts or assemblies............................................................................................................................ Example: Creating object groups .................................................................................................................. Object representation settings............................................................. Copying visualization settings to another model ............ 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .... 153 6........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5.................................... Example: Creating object representation settings ................................... Copying an object group to another model .............................4 Creating a visualization ...............................Showing and hiding components .............................................................................................................................. 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part .5 Measuring objects .................................................................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering .......................................................................2 What is numbering ..................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings ....... Clash Check Manager ............................. 153 Planning your numbering series................ Measuring bolt spacing ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 6... Example: Defining an erection schedule ................................................................................................................................................................................ Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ............................. Copying object representation settings to another model ....................................................................................... Creating object representation settings .............................................................. Measuring distances ...3 Defining numbering series ...... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status................................................................. Creating an object group .................................................................................................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ........................................... 142 6 Numbering the Model....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 152 Identical parts ................................................................................................................................................................. 5...................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Object groups .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 152 Identical reinforcements ......................................................................................................1 6............................... Finding distant objects.................... Measuring angles ........................................................................................................................................................ 135 Checking the model .....................................................

............................. Example: Numbering selected part types .......................................................... Numbering reinforcements......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Overlapping numbering series .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases ........................................................................................ 171 7....................................................................................................................................................1 Organizing the model........................................................................................................................................................................ 167 Creating logical areas .................................................................................................................................... Assigning family numbers .............................................. Adding parts to a sequence .......................................................................................................................................... Control numbers.......................................................................................................... Deleting a sequence ............ Assembly position numbers .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units .................................................................................................... 172 Creating a sequence ...... Example: Numbering settings during a project ........ Assigning control numbers to parts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 161 Numbering examples....... Changing numbers................. 6..................................... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases............................................ Clearing numbers................................................. 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling...............................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects............. 167 7.............................................................................................................................................................................. 161 Repairing numbering errors .............................................................. Checking the sequence of a part ............ Modifying logical areas and object type categories....................................................................................................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers ..................................................... 156 Viewing the numbering history.............................................................................. Creating a standard-part model ..............................................................................................................................4 Lotting .............................................................................................................................................................................. 6.................................. Example: Using family numbers...........................5 6...................... 7.... 172 173 173 173 173 7....................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases............... Modifying the sequence number of a part..... Saving preliminary numbers..................................................................................................................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams..3 Sequences........................................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories................................................................................................................................................................................. Viewing logical areas and object type categories ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the family number of an object ...............................................................6 6.. 171 Custom phase properties ....Family numbers.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating object type categories. 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ........................................................................

. Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ..........................5 7............................. Adding an angle dimension to a sketch .. Deleting a constraint ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Cross section extrusion types ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a vertical constraint ............................................................................................... Adding parts to a lot .................................................................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint ............................. Adding a horizontal constraint ..... Sketching the outline of a cross section ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a coincident constraint .. Part positioning planes ......... Removing parts from a lot ..... Saving a sketched cross section ........................................... Deleting a lot ................................................................................... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 176 Sketched cross sections ............................................ Sketching a polyline .............................................................. Connection positioning planes ................................................................................................................ Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section...................................................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section...............................................Creating a lot ................................................................................................................................. Modifying chamfers in a sketch .................................................................................................... Modifying a sketched cross section................. Showing and hiding positioning planes ...........................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Reverting to default positioning planes ....................................................... Adding a fixed constraint ....................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ................................................................................ Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ............................................................................... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ...................................................................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Sketching a circle ........................................................................................................................ Adding a parallel constraint ................ Checking a sketched cross section ............... Variables .............. Sketching an arc ............................................................................................................................................................................. 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ..................................................................................................................................................................... Sketch Browser ........................................................... Moving positioning plane handles ................................ Moving positioning planes ...................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ......................................................................................................................................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Orthogonal beam properties ............................... Screenshot settings........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 217 Steel column properties .................................................................................................................................... 215 Grid view properties .............................................................................................................................................................. 227 Weld properties .................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 Display settings .....................................................................................................................................................................................4 Detail properties........................................................................................................................................................ Concrete panel properties............................................................. Example: Setting the cross section thickness ........................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Strip footing properties .................................3 Part properties .......................................................................................................................................... Pad footing properties......................................... 227 Bolt properties......................................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings................................................................................................. 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8.......... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section .................................................................................................... Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section .......................................... Concrete beam properties......................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model .................................. Steel beam properties .......................................... Creating an image of a sketched cross section ......... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Point properties ........................................................................................................ Grid line properties..................................... Twin profile properties......................................... Rotation settings .................... 216 8......................................................................................................... Transparency settings......... 211 Grid properties ......................................................................................................................... 211 8......................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section.................................... Contour plate properties..............................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings...................................................................................................................... 229 Weld types ............................ Exporting sketched cross sections .....................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ........... Color settings ........................................................................................................................................ 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 . 8.....................1 General settings. 215 View properties ............................................... Concrete column properties ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete slab properties ................................................................. Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section .....................................................................................................

............................................................ 235 9 Modeling Tips . Optional ways of placing objects in a model ............................................................................................................................................... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................. 233 Weld numbering settings..............................................................................................................................Corner chamfer properties ...........................................................2 Modifying part length ................... 237 Defining default part properties ... Right-hand rule................................ 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips......... Cutting efficiently ................. Hiding cut lines in a view ........................................................................................... Creating horizontal parts ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 237 9................................................................. Activating an overlapping view .......................................... 233 General numbering settings ........................................................................... Finding RGB values for colors........................................................................................................................ Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern...5 Numbering settings ................................................................................................................1 General modeling tips ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9.................... 232 Edge chamfer properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Modeling identical areas... 234 Control number settings .......................................... Copying and moving efficiently.................................................. 232 8............................................................................ Selecting values from the model .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

create. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. 17) Model templates (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. 16) Opening a model (p.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. 17) Saving a model (p. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. 18) 1. and save models in Tekla Structures. such as reports and NC data files. 15) Creating a new model (p. as they react to modifications in the model. you can create a real-life model of any structure.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

19

20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

27) Coordinate system (p. 25) Work plane (p. 33) Construction objects (p. 42) Reference models (p. the icons and available menu options will become active.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. When you open or create a model. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. a new window appears on the screen. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. 29) Views (p. 43) 2. Initially. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 21) Work area (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 28) Grids (p. 40) Points (p.

23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . 239) Background color examples (p. set the same value for all four corners of the background. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. 3. leave the advanced option fields empty. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define.. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. Finding RGB values for colors (p. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. To use the default background color. and so on. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. > Model View.

4 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.0 Result 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .4 0.0 1.RGB values 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.

7 0.0 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.RGB values 0.8 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .7 0.6 1.7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 1.0 1.0 0.2 0. 239) 2.3 0.0 1. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.7 0.0 1.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 Result 0.0 0. dashed lines.0 0.0 0.0 0.

Click View > Redraw All. Tekla Structures hides the work area. 1. 4. Objects outside the work area still exist. 2. 5. or all model objects. You can define the work area in a selected view. For more information on each command. > Model View. Work area (p. Click OK or Apply. 2. This can be useful... See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. when creating screenshots for presentations. click View > Redraw All again. 26) Hiding the work area (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. To make the box visible again. for example. or size the work area to include selected parts. or in all visible views. To make the work area visible again. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. 3. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. set the advanced option to FALSE. you can hide the green work area box. but they are not visible. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. See also Work area (p. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Defining the work area (p.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. To define the work area: 1. for example. Alternatively.

The z direction follows the right-hand rule. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. part positioning.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. For example creating points. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. To shift the work plane: 1.2. For more information on each command. 28) Right-hand rule (p. The work plane also has its own grid. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. When modeling sloped parts. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. The current work plane is model-specific. For example. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. See also Shifting the work plane (p. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. so it is the same in all views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. which is the local coordinate system of the model. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. or on a part or view plane. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. 2. 3. parallel to one of the global basic planes. which can be used for positioning parts. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. To display the work plane grid. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane.

Set Depth coordinate to 0. 4. 3. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. 2.0. See also Work plane (p. To restore the default work plane: 1.See also Work plane (p. y. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1.0 0. Work plane (p.0 0. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Click OK. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. set the value to 1. 239) 2. For example. 4. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Set Plane to XY. to change the color to red. 2. Click Change. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures.. 3. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x.. > Model View.. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace ..

27) View types (p. 36) 2. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. See also Work plane (p. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line.In wire frame views.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.

Y0.You can have more than one grid in a model. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. Y0. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. 30) Modifying a grid (p. 31) Grid properties (p. See also Creating a grid (p. The z coordinates are absolute. 29) Grid coordinates (p. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. See also Creating a grid (p. 31) Grid lines (p. 4. If you do not pick a point. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. 30) Coordinate system (p. Optional: When prompted. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. Click Modeling > Create Grid. To manually create a grid: 1.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. 3. and Z0. Modify the grid properties. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. and Z0. 30) Grid labels (p. For example. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. For example. 5. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. See also Click Create. 2. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. 0 4000 4000. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 31) Changing the grid color (p. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. You can also create grids manually. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. 0 2*4000. 31) Deleting a grid (p... The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. Grids (p.

The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. 29) Creating a grid (p. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . The Grid dialog box appears. 29) Grid properties (p. Grids (p. 2. Modify the grid properties. 2. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. If you have also other objects selected. 3. 3. not the grid. See also Grids (p. is selected. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. is selected. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. you can leave the label fields empty. See also Click Modify to save the changes. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. If you wish. When working with very large grids. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. When you delete a grid. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. 4. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. See also Grids (p.

to change the color to red. 2. 3. 3. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. When you select a grid line.. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. > Model View. 4. For example.1. Single grid lines have handles. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p.0 0. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. Click OK. set the value to 1. 2. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1.0 0. Pick the starting point of the grid line.. the handles appear in magenta. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. 4. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Pick the end point of the grid line. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. See also Grids (p. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0. See also Grids (p. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p.

If you also have other objects selected. 3. is selected. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. 2. When you delete a grid line. 3. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. See also Grid lines (p. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Modify the grid line properties. For example. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. See also is selected. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. not the grid line. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 32) Grid line properties (p. 2. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. Click Modify to save the changes. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 .See also Grid lines (p. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. Grid lines (p. 4. 32) 2.

39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. and elevation views provide different types of information. create a 3D view of the part. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. plane. This places the part in the center of the view. 38) Switching between open views (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 39) Refreshing views (p. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 38) Deleting a view (p. 38) Modifying a view (p. 35) Opening a view (p. See also Creating a view (p. which is useful for different tasks. 39) Arranging views (p.

Select a view command from the View menu. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. If several users have different views with the same name. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. 2. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. When you exit the model. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. See also Creating a view (p. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. disappear when you close them. see the corresponding menu tooltip.If you are working with two screens. or the view will not be saved for later use. Views (p. In multi-user mode. Temporary views. 33) View settings (p. it is very important to give views unique names. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. 35) View types (p. 3. 36) Creating grid views (p. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. Optional: Save the view. c See also Click Modify. 215) About naming views (p. 36) View planes (p. For more information on each command. b Type a unique name in the Name field. See also Views (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. which have a default name in parentheses. Tekla Structures only saves the named views.

35) Representation options (p. In basic views. xz. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. and zy).View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. It does not appear in the plane name. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. • See also Creating a view (p. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. In the basic plane view. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed.

35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. Click the view. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. Pick the end point of the translation vector. or enter its coordinates. Moving a view plane (p. When you move a view plane.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. 37) Creating a view (p. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. 5.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. 2. from the pop-up menu. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. Click Move. Other views For view types other than basic views. or enter its coordinates. or the points are defined automatically. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 .. 4. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. See also View planes (p. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 3. If the Move . depending on the creation method.. To move the view plane: 1.

33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. Click Modify. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views.. Modify the grid properties. 3. and which view properties it will use. See also Views (p. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. If you try to open more than nine views. 5. The Views dialog box appears. If the view does not appear. To create grid views: 1.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines.. Modify the view properties. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 33) View settings (p. Click View > View List. The Views dialog box appears. 35) Grid view properties (p. 4. check how many views you have open. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. 2. Click Create. create a view that contains a grid.. To open multiple views. 3. and all visible views on the right. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list.. See also Creating a view (p.. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. how it will name the views. Views (p. Select the grid. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. 2. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures displays a warning. 2. Before you start. or double-click a view to open it.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p.. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. Views (p. On the Window menu. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. See also Views (p. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. select an option from the Angle list box. To delete multiple views. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. The Views dialog box appears. select a view from the list. Views (p. Select the view you want to delete. 33) Switching between open views (p. In the View Properties dialog box.. and all visible views on the right. 3. 2.. Click Delete. Click View > Redraw All. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. Views (p. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. Click View > View List.1. and then click Modify.

Pick four points. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. See also Views (p. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. Click View > Close All. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane.To arrange the views. 33) 2. Click the middle mouse button. 5. and circles help you place other objects. They do not appear in drawings. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. See also Creating a construction plane (p. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. 40) Creating a construction line (p. 4. When you move the plane. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. lines. You cannot use the Cascade. Double-click the plane in the model. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 6. Tekla Structures draws the plane. Type a name for the plane. 3. Tile Horizontally. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. select the Magnetic check box. 2. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally.7 Construction objects Construction planes. For example. For example. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. 41) Creating a construction circle (p.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Construction objects (p. a Double-click the line in the model. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . 4. b Select the Magnetic check box. For more information on each command. Click Modify. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. Pick the starting point of the construction line. 3. Pick the end point of the construction line. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. See also Construction objects (p. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1.7. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 2. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. See also Construction objects (p. 2. c Click Modify.

See also Creating a point (p. To import points from a file: 1. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. When you create points. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. 42) Point properties (p. For more information on each command. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. Create a point import file. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 42) Importing points (p. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. Points (p. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. 2. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick.2. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users.

xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. 3. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. See also Inserting a reference model (p. a plant design model.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. Type the ASCII file name.dgn. For example: 100. an architectural model. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. Click Create.igs. 45) Hiding a reference model (p.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. 5. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. Include the full path and the file extension. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*.prp) Cadmatic models (*. If you do not specify the path. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . Double-click Point Creation Import (8). 44) Selecting a reference model (p. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. 6. 42) 2. *.1500 2. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. For example. 4. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. 7. See also Points (p.500. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. b Save the file.dxf) AutoCAD (*.700. *.rop. During the import process.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model.3dd) IFC files (*.1000 300.dwg) MicroStation (*.IFC) IGES files (*. or a heating. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. Type point in the Search field and click Search.

as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Set the scale of the reference model.. 46) Reference model objects (p.. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model.Updating reference models (p.. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. Modify the properties and then click Modify. 3. or you forget to click Apply. Click File > Insert Reference Model. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. Click the Browse. If you do not define a reference model file to use. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects.. For more information on user-defined attributes. Click User-defined attributes. Click File > Reference Model List. 4.. button to browse for the reference model file. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. if it uses different measurement units). Open a Tekla Structures model. 3. 7. 2. see Adding properties. 2. the file does not exist. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 4. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 5. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 6. Check the work plane position. See also Reference models (p.inp file..

2. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box.3dd) WebViewer (. you can highlight them. 2.xml) 3D DWG (. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. Click Reload all. To update all reference models: 1. See also Reference models (p. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. Click File > Reference Model List. Reference models (p. Reference models (p.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. but the changes are rarely documented. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (.ifc) Cadmatic (.. 2.. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. Click File > Reference Model List. 2. switch. Select a reference model from the list.. To highlight a reference model: 1. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. See also Click File > Reference Model List. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p... See also Reference models (p. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model..

select Inserted to see the added objects. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. Double-click the reference model. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 3. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. 4..To view changes in a reference model: 1. To view reference model layers: 1.. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 2. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. Double-click the reference model. Click Display. button next to the Old file name field. See also Reference models (p. For example.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .. Icon Description A standard profile. click the Select. 53) User-defined profiles (p. • For steel parts. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. parametric. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 52) Standard profiles (p.. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. 66) Concrete parts (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. A parametric profile. When you create or modify a part. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. button next to the Profile field. Open the Select Profile dialog box.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. 51) Steel parts (p. 53) Parametric profiles (p. 2. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. and user-defined profiles.

For example. Click Apply or OK. use the Profile name list box. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. select the Show details check box. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. select the Show all profiles check box. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog.• 3. and *. environmentspecific profiles. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. See also Profiles (p. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. /. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. Select a profile from the list. See also Profiles (p. 4. 6. click the button next to the Shape field. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. • To see all the properties of profiles. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . Click Modify. If you select a parametric profile. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. See also Profiles (p. X. the profile catalog contains standard. By default. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. For concrete parts. See also Profiles (p. • To select a recently used profile. so you should not edit them. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. • 5. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards.

select the Show details check box. next to the Material field. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. including the modulus of elasticity. they can be former names. For example. Select a material from the list. select the Show aliases check box. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. partial safety factors.. Click Select. porosity. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. or country-specific properties.Materials When you create or modify a part. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. 3. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. such as strengths. 2. or names used in different countries or standards. • To see all the properties of materials. Click Apply or OK. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. Poisson’s ratio. • 4. and so on.. 6. and thermal dilatation coefficient. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. 5. For example. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. The Select Material dialog box appears. Click Modify. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. See also Materials (p.

Attributes can consist of numbers.. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings..Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. text. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. When drawings of the parts are created. or lists. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. or in projects. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value.

56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1.. Select the Part label check box. In the Display dialog box. 4.. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields.. 3.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. To protect objects from being accidentally changed.4 Connection code Can be used. Click Display.. go to the Advanced tab. User-defined fields. 2. See also Part properties (p. Tension. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . and Moment User field 1. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. user-defined attributes. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. See also Part properties (p. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults.. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p.

Tekla Structures displays the handles. 2. for example. When you select a part. Select the part. 3. If Drag and Drop is switched on. The handle of the first end point is yellow. The points form the part reference line. 7. the rest are magenta. 56) 3. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1.5. 58) Part positioning tips (p. you position it by picking points. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. Part labels (p. The Part label dialog box appears.2 Part position When you create a part. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . Click Modify. 6. b Click Add. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. Move the part like any other object. a Select a property in the Properties list. See also Part position (p. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. Select the handles. just drag the part to a new position. See also Moving a part using handles (p. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points.

use the round selection dial. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. 4. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. 2. 2. See also Position on the work plane (p. to open the Display dialog box. 2. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. • • • To change the overall position of the part. On the Advanced tab. Click Display. 3. For example. To change the rotation angle.. modify the desired position settings. enter a value in the corresponding box.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1.. Modify the settings. Click Modify. click and drag the green rotation angle knob.. Click and drag to select a position. or Depth offset. Hold down Shift to override this. Click in the Mini Toolbar. 3. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. See also Click View > View Properties. The object moves in the model accordingly. Plane offset. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. Part position (p. To change the Angle. On the Position tab. Click Modify and OK. select the Part reference line check box.

Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 64) Bending (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 63) Levels (p.Rotation (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . To do this. 60) Vertical position (p. 59) Position depth (p. 62) End offsets (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. perpendicular to the work plane. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

relative to its reference point. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .

relative to its reference point.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. You can enter positive and negative values. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference line.

you can enter the positions of the part ends. you must modify their bottom level position. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). To position the upper columns correctly. Use to define the position of the second end. relative to the picked point. In this example. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . not at the level you picked.

Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. for example a curved beam. which is relative to the current work plane. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. You can also define the plane of curvature. you need to specify the number of segments. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. the less angular the part appears. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Alternatively. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 .Top level = 1000. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views.

Pick the position of the column. 58) 3. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. Optional: Modify the steel column properties.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 3. 2. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. Click the Create column icon. See also Creating a steel column (p.

2. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. You can also create bent plates with this command. See also Steel beam properties (p. 218) Levels (p.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. Pick the starting point. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the end point. 3. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. Click the Create beam icon. 3. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 4. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. See also Steel column properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Click the Create polybeam icon. 2.

Optional: To create curved segments. 5. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Pick the starting point. 3. 5. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. 4. Pick the end point (3). 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 5. 218) Bending (p. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. 2. Click the Create curved beam icon. Click the Create contour plate icon. 4. Double-click the end point. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 106) Steel beam properties (p. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Pick a point on the arc (2). Pick the starting point (1).4. To create a contour plate: 1. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. Pick the starting point again. See also Steel beam properties (p. See also Polybeam chamfers (p.

Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create.. Select the plate. 2. 2. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. from the list box. 5. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 4. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 3.. 3. 68) Contour plate properties (p. 6. 7. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 69) Contour plate properties (p.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Click Modify. 219) Chamfers (p. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . Pick the position of the beam. See also Creating a contour plate (p.

Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 3. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Pick the starting point. See also Twin profile properties (p.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. or by joining assemblies together. By default. See also Creating an assembly (p. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Pick the end point. To create a twin steel profile: 1. You can change the main part in an assembly. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 4. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 2. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 221) 3. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it.

See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Assemblies (p. Assemblies (p. Creating an assembly (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 76) Assembly examples (p. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 2. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p.Exploding an assembly (p. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 2. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 3. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . 3. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p.

3. Pick the bolt group origin. You can create workshop welds and site welds. select As sub-assembly. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. In the Connect part/assembly list box. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. When you connect assemblies. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 2. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 6. 7. 4. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. 6. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 5. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Assemblies (p. 5. 2. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. Click Apply or OK. select As sub-assembly. Click Apply or OK. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 4. Using welds to create assemblies (p. In the Connect part/assembly list box. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. 3. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p.

75) Changing the assembly main part (p. 74) Joining assemblies (p. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. See also Assemblies (p. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . from single parts and bolts. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. through the basic and sub-assemblies. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. To work with nested assemblies. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.

74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 4. marks. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. fabrication information. and still produce dimensions. 4. 3. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. for all assembly levels. Select the assembly to add to. 2. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. etc.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Select the assembly to add to. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. Select the part you want to add.

To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 2. 2. See also Changing the main assembly (p. You can change the main assembly at any time. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 4. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. c Select the assembly. 3.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Select the assemblies you want to join. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 2. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. 2. Tekla Structures changes the main part. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Adding objects to assemblies (p. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Select the new main part. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. See also Select the new main assembly. Assemblies (p. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.

Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together.main part Steel part .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column.main part Concrete . You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. 2. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To explode an assembly: 1. and then attached to the column in another workshop. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. always starting from the highest level. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. See also Assemblies (p. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . • To only explode the sub-assembly. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode.

Assemblies (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 .5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Workshop 2 Drawing 1.Drawing 2. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. See also Creating a pad footing (p. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. 78) Creating a concrete column (p.

Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Click the Create concrete column icon. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 5. 4. 2. 2. Click the Create pad footing icon. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 2. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. Click the Create strip footing icon. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Strip footing properties (p.Creating a concrete slab (p. Double-click the end point. 3. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 3. See also Pad footing properties (p. Pick the position of the column. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. Pick the pad footing position. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. chamfer the corners of the footing.

Click the Create concrete beam icon. Pick the end point. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. Pick the starting point. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. 2. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 4. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 3. 4. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Double-click the end point. 2. 3. See also Concrete beam properties (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. Optional: To create curved segments. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 .See also Concrete column properties (p.

Pick the corner points of the slab. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 4. Select the slab. from the list box. 4. Click Modify. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 7. Pick the starting point. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Pick the starting point again. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 2. 3. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Click the Create concrete slab icon.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. 2. 3. 5. To create a concrete slab: 1. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 5. 6. See also Creating a round slab (p. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box.

Optional: To create curved segments. See also Creating a cast unit (p. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . For example. You can change the main part in a cast unit. Pick the points you want the panel to go through.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. 5. 104) 3. Double-click the end point. as well as concrete parts. chamfer the corners of the panel. 4. each part is considered a separate cast unit. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. Cast units can include reinforcement. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 225) Chamfers (p. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. 3. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. By default. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 2.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1.

82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. Select the objects you want to add. See also Cast units (p. 4. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 3. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. 4. 2. Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. Cast units (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. 2. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. Select the new main part. 3. 3. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. 2. 83) Casting direction (p. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Select an object in the cast unit. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Adding objects to cast units (p. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . This applies to anything that is not concrete. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. 3. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. such as steel parts and insulation. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit.

Cast units (p. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. Cast units (p. select Precast or Cast in place. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 2. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 2.main part Steel part . See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 3. 2. Cast units (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Select the objects you want to remove. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. Go to the Cast unit tab. 2.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p.main part Concrete . In the Cast unit type list box. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Click Modify to save the changes. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . 4.

you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 3.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. Select a concrete part. See also Cast units (p. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. 2. Casting direction (p. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. See also Select a concrete part. See also Casting direction (p. 2. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. To hide the top-in-form face again. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 116) Splitting parts (p. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 89) Welds (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 117) 4.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 91) Surface treatment (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes.1 Bolts To create bolts. 85) Holes (p. 104) Combining parts (p.

4. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 86) Bolt group position (p. 2. 6. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. which is the bolt group origin. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. Modify the bolt group. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 85) Bolt properties (p. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. See also Apply a component. Select the main part. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. washers. Select the secondary parts. 7. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 87) Bolt offsets (p. 3. Bolts (p. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. Pick a point. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. 2. 3. and nuts) while creating holes. See also Creating a bolt group (p. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 5. 227) Bolt group shape (p. Explode the component.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups.

from the bolt group point of origin. Number of bolts. in the y direction of the bolt group. Diameter of the bolt group. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. in the x direction of the bolt group. x coordinate of each bolt. y coordinate of each bolt. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts.

Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. 4. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 85) Bolt properties (p. The starting point values Dx. 2. Bolts (p. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. 3. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. relative to the bolt group x axis. 5. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. select Array from the Shape list box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. type 0. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Under Bolt group. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. Click Apply to save the changes. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group.

clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . See also Bolts (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.1. 5. 85) 4. reselect the main and secondary parts. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 4. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. Before creating holes. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. 2. 3. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. If you do not want to create any bolts. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. To create round holes: 1. Holes (p. 2. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Click Apply to save the changes. When prompted.

See also Click Apply to save the changes. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. For example. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. In the Hole type list box. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Holes (p. 4. To indicate which parts should be slotted. 8.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. select Slotted. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. If you do not want to create any bolts. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. 5. 3.

If you are creating a workshop weld. 5. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. If you do not want to create any bolts. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Click Apply to save the changes. 2. 4.1. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. If you are creating a workshop weld. 7. this is the secondary part of the assembly. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 3. 4. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. In the Oversize field. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 3. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. Select the part to be welded. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. select Oversized. this is the main part of the assembly. Select the part to weld to. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 94) Weld preparation (p. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 6.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. 2. In the Hole type list box. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. without connecting any other parts. or use a component that automatically creates welds. Holes (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . 86) 4. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p.

Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. or z). 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. 91) Weld properties (p. 229) Weld position (p. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. y. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p.

Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. 3. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 2. this is the main part of the assembly. Pick the starting and end point. or alternatively. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. If you are creating a workshop weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 5. Select the part to be welded. pick the points you want the weld to go through. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. Select the part to weld to. 4.

4. or alternatively. use the SPD profile. Select the part that you want to cut. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . or apply a component that does it automatically. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Pick the starting and end point. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. To prevent automatic weld preparation. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding.See also Welds (p. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. without connecting any other parts: 1. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. See also Welds (p. 2. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. 3. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. See also Welds (p. Select the part that you want to weld. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. pick the points you want the weld to go through. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. 2.

the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. When you create overlapping surface treatments. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p.g. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. 94) 4. you change the size of a part). for example. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. When you redefine the properties of a part (e.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts.3. Select the cutting part. and tiles. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. surface mixes. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 .

100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment.. The options are Middle. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 6. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 2.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p.. select the location of the surface treatment. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. 3. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 4. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. b On the Pattern tab. In the Surface treatment name list box. to select a material from the catalog. 5. See also Surface treatment (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views.. In the At depth list box. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 9. select the type of surface treatment to use.. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. select the specific surface treatment. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. 8. 7. In the Type list box. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. See also Surface treatment (p. Click the Select. Front. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. and Behind.

4. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 3. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. 4. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 3. The faces that you can select appear in blue. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 2. 2. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. b Select the part face. Pick the direction. b Select the part face. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 3. 2. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 4. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p.

98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command.5. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. or right). The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. left. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. bottom. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer.

See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . The file is located in the .dat file using any text editor. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. Open the product_finishes. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. To create new surface treatment options: 1. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected.

// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. For example. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. 4. Open the TilePatternCatalog. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". MF for Magnesium Float. a Define the surface treatment type. The file is located in the .. 1 for concrete finish. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. For example.xml file using any text editor. 100) Example pattern definition (p. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. See also Surface treatment (p. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. See also Add rows to define new options. Magnesium Float. Save the file. For example. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. 2. Surface treatment (p. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

Save the TilePatternCatalog. 4.xml file. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. Other elements are optional. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. and then modify it to suit your needs. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 .xml file. 100) Example pattern definition (p. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. 3. Tiled surface treatment (p. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog.

Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .xml file.

herringbone. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder..The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. Located in the . Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Filenames identify the pattern types.xml file. TilePatternCatalog. For example. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.. Located in the .xml file.

112) Warping concrete parts (p. and manufacturing reasons. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Required. See also Chamfers (p. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. Required. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). concrete slabs. practical. Required. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. See also Tiled surface treatment (p.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. 115) Combining parts (p. Optional. and concrete panels). Optional. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Color of the tile or mortar. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. you can chamfer part corners and part edges.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. Optional. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. At least one required. 100) 4. steel and concrete polybeams. 113) Cambering parts (p. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. 108) Cuts (p. 116) Splitting parts (p.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. defined from the origin of the pattern. Required. The origin of an individual tile. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. 104) Fittings (p. In Tekla Structures. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. Tile pattern element. Optional. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern.

Chamfers (p. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 4. 5. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 2. Click Modify. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Modify the chamfer properties. which does not change the geometry of the part. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 105) Chamfering part edges (p.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. See also Select the part. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. You can modify the default chamfers. 3. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. 104) Chamfering part corners (p.

x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. You can modify the default chamfers. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 105) Polybeam chamfers By default.

Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. 5. 2.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. Select the part you want to chamfer. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. Optional: Modify the chamfer. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . b Modify the chamfer properties. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. 4. See also Chamfering part corners (p. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. 3. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge.

6. perpendicular to the view plane. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. and so on. which makes it easier to create connections. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. 4. c Click OK. which passes through the cutting line you pick. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. details. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. 232) Chamfers (p. 104) Creating a fitting (p. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 2. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 3. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1.

because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. See also Fittings (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. You must create cuts in a plane view. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. see Fittings affect NC data. For more information on how to change this. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. In situations like this. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end.

Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can cut parts that already have cuts. This can be useful.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. for example. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut.

click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. Pick the side you want to remove. 5. Pick the first point of the cutting line. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. 3. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . This makes it unclear what should be cut away. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. 2. 109) Line cuts (p. See also Cuts (p. To cut a part with a line: 1. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. Select the part you want to cut. To close the polygon. 4. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 4. Select the part you want to cut. Cuts (p. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 2. 109) Polygon cuts (p. 3. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. For example. 5.

The part cut does not affect other parts.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. Pick the corner to remove (5). 3). 3. Alternatively. Pick another existing corner (4). Pick new corners for the polygon (2. Delete the cutting part. 3. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Select the part you want to modify. 6. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. 4. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. Select the cutting part. and strip footings. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . To cut a part with another part: 1. concrete slabs. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. See also Cuts (p. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. contour plates. 109) Part cuts (p. 2. concrete panels. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. Pick an existing corner (1). 4. 5. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. 2.

114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. Click Modify to warp the slab. Modify the chamfer properties. Fine-tuning part shape (p. 2. 3. In the End field. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. 4. In the Start field. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. relative to the part reference line. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. For example. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. relative to the part reference line. 2. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. use the dz1 field. use the dz2 field. Click Modify to warp the beam. Move the chamfers. 6. See also Warping concrete parts (p. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. • 3. Go to the Deforming tab. 5. Click OK to close the dialog box. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p.

• The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. type a value in the appropriate direction field. Click Move. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. Click OK to close the dialog box. and go to the Deforming tab. In the Move . • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 4. which warps the slabs. See also Warping concrete parts (p. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. Select the chamfer you want to move. 5. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Linear dialog box. To see the warping angle of a single slab. For example. 8. 6.4. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. For example. 2. 7.

Cambering parts (p. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. Cambering affects the position of cuts. In the Cambering field. define the degree of camber. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. including the template output. and embeds in the model. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. in other words. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model.See also Warping concrete parts (p. Go to the Deforming tab. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. 2. 104) Cambering a part (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . 4. Click Modify. skews. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 3. When drawings are created. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field.

4. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. For example. In the Shortening field. Click Modify. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . When you select the parts you want to combine. 115) 4. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. define the degree of shortening. Shortening and lengthening parts (p.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 2. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Combining two parts into one (p. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. Click Modify.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 3. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. Go to the Deforming tab. 4. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. In the Shortening field. enter a negative value. Go to the Deforming tab. 3.

or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. 3. You cannot split polybeams. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Select the part you want to attach. curved beams without offsets.1. 116) 4. 2. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. When you combine parts. Select the part to attach to. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. See also Combining parts (p. Select the first part. 3. Select the second part. Click Edit > Combine. Combining parts (p. You can use splitting with straight parts.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . 2. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first.

3. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. 2. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Select the part you want to split. 3. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. 2. Splitting parts (p. Pick a point for the dividing line. 4. See also Splitting parts (p.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. See also Click Edit > Split. Click Edit > Split. check the result after splitting. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. Select the part you want to split. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. If you split contour plates that have bolts. and on the same side of the part. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. welds or surface treatments.

124) Creating a screenshot (p. you can move and rotate the model. 122) Flying through the model (p. 128) Visualizing project status (p. or pull out for a wider view. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. Scroll forward to zoom in. 142) 5. and backward to zoom out. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 119) Rotating the model (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 121) Moving the model (p. 135) Checking the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. You can use a mouse. or a combination of both. See also Zooming the model (p.

a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. For more information on each command. If this option is off. • See also To zoom out. Open a wire frame view of the model. Place the mouse pointer over the model. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. press Page Up. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE.If you do not have a wheel mouse. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. 2. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. See also Viewing the model (p. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. b In the View type list box. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. c Click Modify. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. Zooming the model (p. Create a zoom window. select Wire frame. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. 2. press Page Down. Do one of the following: • To zoom in.

zoom in and out in the zoom window. To change the level of magnification. See also Zooming the model (p. 4. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. keyboard shortcuts. Click the Magnifier icon.e 3. As you move the pointer in the general view. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. In wire frame views. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. and then drag the pointer to size the window. To rotate the model. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . menu commands.

Pick a position in the view. Click Modify. 3. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. press v. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. See also Rotation settings (p. 2. 2. 2. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. and then pick a position in the view. 2. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. 3. For more information on each command.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 213) Viewing the model (p. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Press Ctrl + R. To relocate the center of rotation. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model.

b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. Move the model using the Pan command 1. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 3. 2. You can also adjust the field of view setting. 5. c Click OK. you can travel through a model. To fly through a model: 1. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. To activate the middle button pan. Select a view. 4. or Shift+M. Click View > Fly.. c Click Modify. drag the mouse in the desired direction. > Model View. Set view projection to Perspective. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. To change the camera angle. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. • To change the flying direction. select Perspective. left and right arrows on the keyboard. Use the up. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. • • To move up or down. b In the Projection list box. 2. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. press Esc.. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. The mouse pointer changes to a hand.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. 2. To stop panning. down. scroll with the mouse wheel. which can be useful when flying in a tight space.

119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. To finish creating clip planes. 6. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Viewing the model (p. 2. press Esc.. 4. Click View > Create Clip Plane. 5. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. or the entire Tekla Structures window. To move a clip plane. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location.• 6. press Esc. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered.. brochures. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. Select a plane. 2. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . To stop flying. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. See also To delete a clip plane. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. To create a clip plane: 1. You can use screenshots in posters. view. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures.

screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. select Dialog. To capture the active view without borders. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . See also Creating a screenshot (p. Creating a screenshot (p. Select Place on clipboard. the screenshot commands might not always work properly.. select View without Borders. Under Capture. 4. 125) Screenshot settings (p. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. select Rendered view. 2. 7. 5. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p.. Click Options. 2.. 6. 3. To print a screenshot: 1. 4. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. click Pick view and select a view..3. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window.. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from.bmp) format to use it. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. select View.png) files. select Main Frame. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. for example. Click Capture. Click Capture.bmp format. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 .. as a custom component thumbnail. To capture the active view. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Creating a screenshot (p. Set the desired properties and click OK.

5. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. To inquire object properties: 1. or a group of objects..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. 2. Select an object. 126) Object property report templates (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Object..rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. 2.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. For more information on how to use templates. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. and length of the selected model object. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. See also Inquiring object properties (p. See also Inquiring the model (p. see the Template Editor user documentation. the tool shows the total area. within the model. See also Inquiring object properties (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. By default. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. See also Inquiring the model (p. weight. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. Select a part. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part..

To modify the default attributes.. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.config file: 1... Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. click Add….config file in any standard text editor. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66].. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. edit the InquiryTool. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. 2. use the Up and Down buttons. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM... Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. • To change the order of the attributes.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. AVERAGE. -. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. the file contains 65 attributes. • To modify the calculated attributes. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. • To create new calculated attributes. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. Click Manage contents. *.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder.lst file located in the . The file is located in the . Change the position number of the new attribute. • 4. click Edit. • To remove attributes from the tool window. Open the InquiryTool. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.. By default. For example.config file in the .Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.. 3. or MIN) from the list box. and /) to form equations. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1.. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. MAX. Use the InquiryTool. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. • To add more attributes to the tool window. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. 2.. 3.

UNIT. Modify the NAME.4.lst file. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. 132) Object groups (p. DATATYPE. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 216) Representation options In rendered views. 6. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global.. 128) Representation options (p. Click Display. Save the file. 3. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. For example. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. Showing and hiding objects (p. When you redraw a view. 126) 5. 2. DISPLAY_NAME. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 128) Display settings (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. to open the Display dialog box. 132) Object representation settings (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 5. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area.. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p.

i. i. component objects are displayed as Rendered.e. parts are transparent. In this example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . component objects are displayed as Rendered.e. underlying parts are not visible. Parts are transparent. Example In this example.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. surfaces are not. and their surfaces are shaded. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent.

when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. Other parts are almost completely transparent.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . To hide selected parts: 1. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. This can be useful. when viewing clash check results in a large model. To completely hide the parts. 3. Click View > Hide Part. • • See also To make the parts visible again. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. The parts are shown as sticks. for example. This option is useful. parts are not transparent. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p.. See also Showing and hiding objects (p.e. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. Select the parts you want to hide.. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts.5 and Shift+1. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. Showing and hiding objects (p. i. 2.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components.. for example..

Right-click and select Show Only Selected. To completely hide the unselected parts. click View > Redraw All. and other details belonging to the assembly. welds. See also Select the part. bolts. 3. To make the parts visible again. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. 3. Hide an assembly 1. cuts. 2. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. Select the assembly you want to hide. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. Click View > Redraw All. To display a part with exact lines: 1. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Showing and hiding objects (p. Tekla Structures displays all parts. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Showing and hiding objects (p. 4. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. To show the unselected parts as sticks. The unselected parts become almost transparent. fittings. 2. To clear the exact lines effect. Right-click and select Redraw View. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. 2.

c In the Value list box. Right-click and select Redraw View. Property. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. to open the Object Group . Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. 4. type a value or select one from the model. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Select the component you want to hide. and other details belonging to the component. d Add more rows. 133) Deleting an object group (p. a Click Add row. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. 2. 133) Visualizing project status (p. Modify the object group settings. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. 128) Refreshing views (p. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. 2. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Creating an object group (p.. to open the Object Representation dialog box. b Select options from the Category. and Condition list boxes. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. 128) Refreshing views (p. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Click Object group. welds. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. Click View > Redraw All.Representation dialog box. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects..See also Showing and hiding objects (p.. 3.. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu.

The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Object groups have the file name extension *. Object groups (p. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. 2.PObjGrp. 6. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures. Object groups (p. • To make an object group available in another model. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Object groups (p. 3. 2. • To make an object group available in all models. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . For example. Select the object group you want to copy. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. Select where you want to copy the object group. and they have the file name extension *.5. Click Save as to save the object group.PObjGrp. copy the file to the system folder.

Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 4. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 5. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. Click Add row. 3. If an object belongs to several object groups. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. 7. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 6. To create object representation settings: 1. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 128) Creating object representation settings (p. 9.. 2.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 8.. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p.

Restart Tekla Structures. Object representation settings (p. • To make the settings available in another model. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify.rep. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. Apply. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. 2. Restart Tekla Structures. 3. See also Creating a visualization (p. For example.rep. Select where you want to copy the settings. 133) Color settings (p.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. or OK. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. Select the object representation settings you want to copy.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. and they have the file name extension *. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . 213) Transparency settings (p. • To make the settings available in all models. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 2. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. copy them to the system folder. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. See also Object representation settings (p. 133) 5. To create project status visualizations. See also Object representation settings (p. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p.

• To make the settings available in another model. See also Visualizing project status (p. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. Restart Tekla Structures. and they have the file name extension *. Select where you want to copy the settings. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. copy them to the system folder. See also Visualizing project status (p. 3. 3. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. To view the visualization in the model. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. a In the Object representation list box. 5. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. • To make the settings available in all models. 6. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 2.. 4. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. c Define the length of the time step. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures.4d. select one of the predefined object representation settings. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. 2. 2.4d. click the step buttons. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.. 4. Visualizing project status (p.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Restart Tekla Structures.rep) and object group files (*. Modify the visualization settings.

. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. 3. The Select Date dialog box appears.. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. select Object. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. 4. select INSTALL_PLAN. 2. Finally. To define an erection schedule: 1. See also Visualizing project status (p. b In the Property list box. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. Click Object group. select Earlier than or equal.Representation dialog box.. a In the Category list box. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. d In the Value list box. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. To create the object group: 1. 8. Click View > Representation > Object representation. 7. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute.. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. e Select Review date and click OK. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. 6. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled.. select Select date. 5. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. Visualizing project status (p. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. c In the Condition list box. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. Click User-defined attributes.In the following example. to open the Object Group . On the Status tab. After that. See also Click Modify. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . To make it easier to select parts. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p.. to open the Object Representation dialog box... 3.

select Color by class. 3. 5. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. plan_same_or_before_review_date. In the box next to the Save as button. c In the Color list box. select Visible.. 2. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Click Save as to save the visualization settings.. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. d In the Transparency list box. 5. 132) Visualizing project status (p.. To create visualization settings: 1. 133) Visualizing project status (p. to open the Object Representation dialog box. select Color by class. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. a Click Add row. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. In the box next to the Save as button. Define the length of the time step. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 3. 4. select the object group All. enter a name for the object representation settings. enter a name for the group. 138). 6.. See also Object representation settings (p. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. select the object group you just created. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Click Save as. scheduled_erection_date. 4. b In the Object group list box. 5. enter a name for the visualization. a Click Add row. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. 2. In the box next to the Save as button. select Hidden. For example. For example. 7. c In the Color list box. you will create project status visualization settings.4. To create object representation settings: 1. b In the Object group list box. In the Object representation list box. d In the Transparency list box. Click Save as. 137). See also Object groups (p. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

click the step buttons. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 ..See also Visualizing project status (p. Click Load. 3. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. 4. 138). To view the visualization in the model. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. 2.. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. In the list box next to the Load button. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

5 Checking the model When the model is complete. it is useful to check the model for errors. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 135) 5. 149) Finding distant objects (p.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. See also Measuring objects (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p.

143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 4. 143) Measuring angles (p. Select a bolt group. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Measuring distances (p. To measure bolt spacing: 1. Measuring objects (p. 5. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 2. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Pick the starting point. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. 2. 3. For more information on each command. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. Pick the end point. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 3. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 .Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. Pick the starting point. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Pick the end point. 2. All measurements are temporary. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. 4. Measuring objects (p. the distance between two points and between bolts. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. Select a part. Pick the center point.

bolts. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . or reference model objects that collide. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. If you are checking a reference model for clashes.See also Measuring objects (p.

You can continue working during the clash check. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. 2.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Select the objects you want to check. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. To locate the colliding objects. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. you can choose whether to continue checking. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . Click Tools > Clash Check. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. or stop checking. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 3. If colliding objects are found. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. select a row in the clash check log.

If the object has been modified (for example. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. Only certain object properties affect this flag. or missing. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. double-click a row. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. You can continue working during the clash check. A check mark it is visible. The clash is not new. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. In the model. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. 4. if the profile has changed). All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. To see which properties have an effect. 3. When the clash check is complete. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. modified. right-click one of the column headings. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. When you re-run clash check. Clash Check Manager (p.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. resolved. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 5. select a row in the list of clashes. See also To highlight a clash in the model. 2. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. 1. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. Click to check the objects. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. 2. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p.

the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. 2. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. In Clash Check Manager. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. select a session. Click . Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. Click OK. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. See also Clash Check Manager (p. .Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. In the Open dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . In Clash Check Manager. 3. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 2. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 3. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. 3. 2.

148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 5. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. Modify the bolt clearance values. See also Clash Check Manager (p. enter a new name. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. Click Save. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. Click Apply or OK. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. Click Tools > Options > Options.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder.. 3. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the .To Save the active session Do this Click . In the File name box. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. 2. If you clear the check boxes. Click In the Save As dialog box. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4.00. If the fields are empty. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. By default. the clearance will be zero. icon. 2. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears.. 4. 5. In the Options dialog box.. Save as. 3. go to the Clash check page. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling.. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. P1002.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number.. . Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. Planning your numbering series (p. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. When you run numbering. 154) Family numbers (p. Example For example. such as plates. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. If you do this. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. To save time. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. For example. P1003. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts.

153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. 3. for example. 3. 2. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. However. This can be used. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 4. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed.. Under Compare. Defining numbering series (p. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. and then click Add. Go to the Family numbering tab. define a part prefix and a start number. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. go to the Cast unit tab. 4. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. When you use family numbering. they get unique qualifier numbers. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. See also Defining numbering series (p. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. 2. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. Click Modify. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number.. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. b Select a numbering series from the list. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list.1. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. Under Numbering series.

155) Clearing numbers (p. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. 6. Family numbers (p. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. For more information on each command.Select at least one check box. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts.. See also Family numbers (p.. If a series overlaps another. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. 7. If you select all the check boxes. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. 4.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 5. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. 161) 6. see the corresponding menu tooltip. c Click Apply or OK. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. clear the existing numbers. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. b Modify the settings. only one family number per series is assigned. 3. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. See also Defining numbering series (p. Click Assign. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. Click Apply. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. Update numbering in the model.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. but not all of them. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. If you do not select any check boxes..

The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. 158) Control numbers (p. the x coordinate. However. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. In this case you should renumber the parts. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. 159) Clearing numbers (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. However. See also Numbering objects (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 .See also Numbering settings (p. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. The prefix varies based on the part type. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. The default start number is 1. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. for example. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. 158) Changing numbers (p. If you add new parts. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements.

156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. See also Select the parts. the sort order is X Y Z. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. Numbering objects (p.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. and Third direction is Z. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. For example. their z coordinates are also compared. When you assign control numbers. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. Second direction is Y. if First direction is -X. their y coordinates are also compared. 2. Example In the following example. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. See also Numbering objects (p. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. With negative directions (such as -X). The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X).

etc.See also Numbering objects (p. 6. • 3. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. For example. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. or specific parts. 7. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. specify which parts get control numbers. 2. 11. Click Apply. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . number the model.. 8. define the interval. and then click Create. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. select the parts. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. • To consider all parts in the model. Click Apply. Define the control numbers to be used. In the Renumber list box. assembly. 2. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. to assign the control numbers 2. See also Control numbers (p. select the parts in the model. type the first control number to be used. 4. 8. b In the Step value field. and then click Create. This command does not change the numbering series. In the Numbering list box. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. 158) Control number settings (p. In the Status list box. 5. To only consider specific parts. Indicate which parts to consider. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. a In the Start number of control numbers field. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. 3. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. multi-position. or family numbers after you run numbering. See also Control numbers (p. 5. 4. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. do not select any parts. do not select any parts in the model. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p.

To clear the position numbers: 1. Next time you run numbering. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. To create a standard-part model: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. Set the desired properties. see the corresponding menu tooltip. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. See also Numbering objects (p. 3. 2. For more information on each command. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. This is for information only and the number is still changed. If the number you specified is already in use.1. Select an object. Click Assign. See also Numbering objects (p. For more information on each command. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. This functionality only applies to steel parts. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 4. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects.

7. 156) 6. See also Numbering objects (p. and so on). Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. 3. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. For information on how to interpret the log file. Explode all components. 10. 12.. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model.. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. Number the model. Open another model. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 9. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. Save the standard-part model. especially before producing drawings or reports. > Numbering. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. StandardParts. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts... ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. STD2. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6.For example. 11. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example.. 13. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. 8. STD1. 156) 6.. and that it points to the correct standard-part model.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. Delete all unnecessary items. If you have selected the Part name check box. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . 4. 2.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. Click Check for standard parts and Apply... to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. see Numbering history log. See also Numbering objects (p.

165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. 5. See also Numbering objects (p. 159) 6. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. 156) Changing numbers (p. Number the model. 6. 2. 5. 3.2. 4. Number the model. Modify one of the beams. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. 4. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. Unless you want to repair the entire model. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. All the beams have the part position number P1. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. To number identical beams: 1. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Number the model.

but the holes are different. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The parts have the same main profile. All beams have the same profile. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. but each pair has a different length. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. and each pair has the same length.

3. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 6. and then click Apply. 8. 9. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. 5. To number parts in selected phases: 1. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. Select the Column orientation check box. 4. and then click Apply. Before you start. 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 10.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. 7. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Select one of the steel columns in the model. Create steel columns. and another one for steel columns. divide the model into phases. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected.

to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. and then click Apply. 5. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 6. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. Select the parts you want to number.. Modify the numbering settings. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 .• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. Select one of the parts you want to number. 4. 7. For example. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. 3. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.

Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. 164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model.

You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. and erection sequences. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 181) 7.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. lots. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. 172) Lotting (p. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. and categorize object types.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . for example. 174) Parametric modeling (p. You can classify information according to your needs. 171) Sequences (p. based on purchasing contracts. 167) Phases (p.

169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. See also Creating logical areas (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 168) Creating object type categories (p.

You can create new object type categories for your own needs. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. c Click New Section. and select Add Selected to Category. 5. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). You can also create subtypes for object types.. To make it easier to view and select parts.. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts.. See also In Model Organizer. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. In the model. right-click the selected section or story.. b Click New Building.. Click Tools > Model Organizer. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). In Model Organizer. a Right-click Logical Areas. Click Tools > Model Organizer. Create object type categories. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. b Click New Object Type. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. 3. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. See also Organizing the model (p. In the model. 4.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. 2. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . Organizing the model (p.. 2. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. d Click New Story. a Right-click Object Types. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . In large projects. Create a path structure. 4. 3. select the area for the section or the story. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model.

Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. To show all objects again. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. See also Organizing the model (p. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. 2. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Select the new area in the model. 1. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. 2. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Drag the category to another location. 1. 3. See also Organizing the model (p. 2. 1. 2. 3. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. To show all objects again. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. 1. Select the objects in the model. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Drag the objects to another category. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category.

which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. etc. 167) 7. for example. select a phase from the list.. 3. 3. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. a To identify the phase of an object.. hide objects. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. First create a basic model that includes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . When a part of the model is completed. You can create reports and views.. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase.).. Click Add to create new phases. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. Click OK to confirm. c Phases (p. 4. This is phase 1. Click Tools > Phase Manager. Organizing the model (p. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. Click OK to save your changes. From now on.. 2. 171) Custom phase properties (p. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. Divide the model into phases. Right-click and select Delete.. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. select an object and click Phases by objects. 3. 4. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. select the objects. according to their phase number. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. 5. You then copy this basic model to all users. the columns. and copy objects from other models. 2. For example. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. and then click Modify phase. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. Each user then works on a separate part of the building.

you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. If you click Yes. To finish adding parts to the sequence. no. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". Click Apply. Creating a sequence (p.0". and so on. c Save the file. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. For example. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. MY_INFO_1. 3. "0. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Phases (p.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. Type a name for the sequence. 5.inp file. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part.inp file in any standard text editor.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. To create a new sequence: 1. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. "%d". 4. d Restart Tekla Structures. a Open the objects. none. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards.inp file. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. The value_type must be integer. add a new user-defined attribute. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. You can define several sequences for different purposes. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. b In the Part attributes section. 6. To use phase properties in reports and templates. and the field_format must be %d. the second part number 2. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. The first part gets the sequence number 1.inp file. integer. "My Info 1". If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. 171) 7. 173) Deleting a sequence (p.0") 2. For example.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. use the syntax PHASE. "0.

For example. Click User-defined attributes. See also Sequences (p.. Click OK or Apply. Click Modify.. 2. To check the sequence of a part: 1. For example: See also Sequences (p.. To finish adding parts to the sequence. If the sequence changes.. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. MY_INFO_1. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. See also Sequences (p. Modify the sequence number. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. Select a sequence name from the list. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 2. you must redefine the whole sequence. 3. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. 4. 2. 3. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. The sequence name and number are displayed under More.See also Sequences (p. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . Click Tools > Sequencer. 5. Select a part. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1.

Click Properties. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. Sequences (p. Click Delete and then click Yes. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. 5. When you define lots. In that case. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. 2... For example. length. See also Creating a lot (p. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. 3. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. However.2. See also Lotting (p. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. to display the Lot Properties dialog box.. 172) 7. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. Type a lot number in the Number field. Click Add. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. See also Select a sequence name from the list. and material of the part. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. For example. 175) Sequences (p. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. With this information. To view the properties of a part. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part.. 4. For most model parts. the weight is based on the size. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. 6. 175) Deleting a lot (p. 3. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. in a ten-cubic-yard truck).

you will overwrite the contents of the lot. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 3. Lotting (p. When you hold down Shift. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. See also Lotting (p.. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. 4. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. 4. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Click Properties. 2. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Click OK to close the dialog box. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. 3. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. 3. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Select an existing lot from the list. To add parts to a lot: 1. Lotting (p.. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. Click Apply selected. 2. Select an existing lot from the list. 5.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. If you simply select parts. 4. 5. When you re-open the dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. 2. Click Apply selected. Click Delete. Select an existing lot from the list. Tekla Structures deselects the parts.

176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. They can also include formulas. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. between model objects. Variables can define fixed properties. location and relationship to other parts. Create dependencies. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. such as a beam or column. For example.7. including its geometry. so that when you move the wall. such as the name of a column. the column follows. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. or relationships. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 53) 7. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. 176) Parametric profiles (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . Open a Tekla Structures model... the Sketch Browser. and the Variables dialog box. and how to use them in a model. 2. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p.

and vice versa. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor.See also Sketch Browser (p. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . circles. tree-like structure. 182) Variables (p. arcs. dimensions. constraints. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser.

arcs. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. 1=Line . TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. Lines. or they can include formulas. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. Variables can define fixed properties.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions.. 1. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p..

184) Sketching an arc (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. 2. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. such as a cold rolled section. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 185) Sketching a circle (p. Pick points to create each line segment. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. Ensure that you create a closed shape. and circles. See also Sketching a polyline (p. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. To sketch a polyline: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. 4.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. arcs.

Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. 4. Pick three points to define the arc. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). 2. Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch a circle: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch an arc: 1. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1).

3. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. and add chamfers in corners. To add a parallel constraint: 1. Select a line in the sketch (1). For example. close the shape. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. Before you start. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. you can straighten lines. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. you can still rotate the profile in the model. Select another line in the sketch (2). Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. Although the shape is locked. force lines to meet. create 90 degree angles. To straighten the entire profile.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape.

To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. The lines do not have to intersect. The lines do not have to intersect. Select a line in the sketch (1). Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . 3. by extending or shortening one or both lines. Before you start. if they are within a certain distance of each other. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Select another line in the sketch (2). 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start.

4. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. 2. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. Before you start. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. To add a fixed constraint: 1. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis.1. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. Pick the end of the first line (1). 2). (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Pick the end of the second line. 3. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. See also Select a line in the sketch. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active.

To add a vertical constraint: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. Before you start. Click Refresh.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. 4. Select the constraint you want to delete. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. 2. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis.

use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. In the following example. Select the arc or circle. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . if you create the dimension marked in red. Before you start. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. To add a radial dimension: 1. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations.

190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. Before you start. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. Select the second line (2). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the first line (1). Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. Before you start.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). 3. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). 3. between two points you pick. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. To add an angle dimension: 1.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Select the part positioning planes. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. 3. 3. Click to show the connection positioning planes. 2. Click Modify. 2. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 2. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Select the connection positioning planes. 4.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click to show the part positioning planes. 4. Change the Value field. To revert to the default positioning planes. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default.

Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. and then click OK.4. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 5. To save a sketched cross section. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. Click Save sketch . Type a new name in the Prefix field. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. 2. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb.bin file. for example. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click Save sketch . Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. or blank spaces in the cross section name. special characters. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. 2. and then click OK. You cannot include numbers. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. 2. Click Save sketch as . Update an existing cross section 1. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. Type a name in the Prefix field. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly.db1 file.

Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. See also next to their name. 5. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 6. 2.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. such as a cold rolled section. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. For example. 4. 4. Click OK to close the dialog box. Modify the object properties. 2. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 7. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 3. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. Click Modify. Close the object properties dialog box. To modify a chamfer: 1. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. you can create rounded cross section corners. The Component Catalog dialog box opens.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. 5. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p.. Double-click an object to modify its properties.

the profile grows inwards. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. In the cross section sketch editor. b Type the extrusion type number (0. 1. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 3.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. define the default value for the parameter variable. In the Formula column. or symmetrically in both directions. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. P1). right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. 4. depending on the extrusion type. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . In the Sketch Browser. sketch an open polyline. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. When you change the thickness. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. outwards. P1) after =. or 2) after =. Type the value of the thickness after =. 2. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded.

click the Select. • For steel parts. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. 4. click the button next to the Shape field. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog.. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. 5. button next to the Profile field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . If you have applied constraints correctly. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. • 3. 6. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. 7.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 2.. Pick points to place the part in the model. you are ready to use it in the model. See also For concrete parts. Click OK to apply the changes. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched.

for example Microsoft Paint. 4. for example.bmp.. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. Open the cross section sketch editor.uel). Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. Save the image in bmp format in the . Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Use the cross section name as the filename. 2. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p.. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. 5. mysketch. 3.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p.

Click OK. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model... from the pop-up menu. 4. Select the cross sections you want to export. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. or copy the profdb. 6.. 8.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. To use profiles from a model. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . In the component list. 3. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. 4. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 2. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. To automatically import all *. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. By default. 7. In the Export Components dialog box.. 7. 2. 5. To export several cross sections. from the pop-up menu. select Sketched profiles from the list box. In the Import Components dialog box. right-click and select Import. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. To import sketched cross sections: 1. 6. 5. Select Sketched profiles from the list. browse for the folder. 3. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. you need to import both the cross section and profile.bin file.uel). browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. Select the file to import. Click OK. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. Right-click and select Export.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER.

When you use the profile in the model. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. Open the cross section sketch editor. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. After that. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Finally. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. you will use the cross section in a model. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. 2. At this stage. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 4. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands.3. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p.

198) Variables (p. In the Variables dialog box. enter the following values for the distances: 4. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and 3. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. h2. Save the cross section. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 5.2. and h2. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. h1. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. command to create the distances h1.

a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. b In the Formula box. do the following: . 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. enter 20. a Right-click Thickness. c In the Visiblity box. enter Chamfer. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. Variables (p.00. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. 2. enter Thickness. b Right-click ExtrusionType. 183) Sketch Browser (p. select Show. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. In the Sketch Browser.1. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. d In the Label in dialog box box. In the Variables dialog box. See also Save the cross section.00. In the Variables dialog box. 2. 3. b In the Formula box. select Show. 3. d In the Label in dialog box box. and then enter =P1. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. enter 10. c In the Visiblity box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p.

Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. 6. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box.. and select the CSHAPE profile. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. See also Save the cross section. Click OK to apply the changes. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties.. b Right-click Chamfer X. 2. click the button next to the Shape field. 183) Sketch Browser (p.4. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. • For steel parts. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. 5. 5. click the Select. In the Sketch Browser. 4. button next to the Profile field. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Open the Select Profile dialog box. and then enter =P2. • 3. For concrete parts. 199) Variables (p. Pick points to place the part in the model. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

233) 8. 213) Transparency settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 227) Numbering settings (p. 212) Point properties (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. 211) View settings (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. See also Grid properties (p. 213) Color settings (p. 217) Detail properties (p. 212) Rotation settings (p. 215) Part properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 .

Option Phase The phase number. See also X . y.. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. y.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Grid lines (p. z is absolute).. Select to bind objects to grid lines. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Grids (p. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane.. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. Select to bind objects to the grid line. and z directions (x and y are relative. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above.. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . and z directions. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes.

and z coordinates of a point.Rotate and Move . See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. All parts are colored according to their Class property. See also Object representation settings (p. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Option As is The current color is used. Defines the number of copies created. Coordinates See also Points (p.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Indicates the correct location of the point. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row.Option Id The ID number. The local (work plane) and global x. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. which is used in log files. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. The rotation angle between the original and new position. y. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Displays parts according to the member analysis type.

Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges..Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Sets the line width. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Object is transparent in rendered views. Saves the screenshot to a file. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. There are limitations to pixel density. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Option As is The current visibility. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. the settings will be read from that object group. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. The Options. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling.. The height of the screenshot. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Object representation settings (p. Object is not shown in the views. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Includes only the view content in the screenshot.

See also Views (p.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. Which object group is displayed in the view. the zoom remains on part surfaces. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. The projection type of rendered views.. Rotation is view-specific. The appearance of the model in the view. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. Opens the Object Group . Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model).. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model.. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties.. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. 215) Grid view properties (p. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). See also View properties (p. rotate the model.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. When you zoom.See also Creating a screenshot (p. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes.. text and point size remains the same. You can zoom. Display. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. Visible object group Object group. In addition. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . 124) 8. or fly through it. 215) Display settings (p. as do text and points.. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation.

216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. Exact displays the cuts. e. and nuts as solids. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. washers. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory.g. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. This name overrides the name in the view properties. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. Each view plane has its own view properties. when viewing the entire model.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. PLAN +3000. See also Creating grid views (p. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Exact shows bolts. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. The Show. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of.. None does not create any views. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. This option increases display speed significantly. no prefix is used.. Some of these settings may affect system performance. Reference line shows parts as sticks. or large parts of it. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. button displays the current view properties. but skips cuts.

225) Concrete panel properties (p. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 218) Steel beam properties (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. When using this option. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. 223) Concrete column properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). 224) Concrete beam properties (p. See also Steel column properties (p. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. 221) Pad footing properties (p. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. 218) Contour plate properties (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). This option is only available in wire frame views.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 222) Strip footing properties (p. 128) 8. Exact shows holes as solids. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. Point size Defines the size of points in views.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. 220) Twin profile properties (p.

The support conditions of the column ends. Warping. relative to its reference point. fire retardant coating. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The type of finish. The user-definable name of the column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. How the column is rotated around its axis. The material of the column. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The position of the column. hot galvanized. cambering. The assembly mark series of the column. The analysis properties of the column. steel polybeam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.prt. The horizontal position of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. etc. Class Used to group columns. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e.clm. Finish is user-definable. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and to identify parts of the same type. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. Creating a steel column (p. The design information of the column. relative to its reference point. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. or curved beam. For example.g. and shortening of the column. with anti-corrosive paint. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction.

The design information of the beam. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. and to identify parts of the same type. Class Used to group beams. Finish is user-definable. The position of a beam on the work plane. with anti-corrosive paint. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. cambering. Warping. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. e. hot galvanized. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. fire retardant coating. The loading properties of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.cpl. The analysis properties of the beam. For example. The finish type. The user-definable name of a beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and shortening of the beam. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The assembly mark series of the beam. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. The position of a beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. Creating a steel beam (p. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The material of a beam. etc.g.

Finish is user-definable. The format is PL+ thickness. The spanning properties of the plate. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Profile Material The profile of the beam. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. The material of the contour plate. Creating a contour plate (p. The position of the contour plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. Profile The profile of the contour plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.crs.g. The design information of the contour plate. For example. perpendicular to the work plane. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. for example PL20. The analysis properties of the contour plate. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. in terms of depth. etc. The loading properties of the plate. The user-definable name of the contour plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the beam. fire retardant coating. and to identify parts of the same type. hot galvanized. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The assembly mark series of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. The user-definable name of the beam. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. The finish type. and to identify parts of the same type. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. e.

For example. hot galvanized. Finish is user-definable.g. fire retardant coating. relative to its reference point. with anti-corrosive paint. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. The design information of the beam. relative to its reference point.Option Finish The finish type.dia. etc. hot galvanized. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The analysis properties of the beam. Class Used to group beams. The material of the beams. The support conditions of the beam ends. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. e. with anti-corrosive paint. The horizontal position of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The type of finish. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. It describes how the part surface has been treated. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. e.g. The user-definable name of the twin profile. The position of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. fire retardant coating. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. Finish is user-definable.

Class Used to group pad footings. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. and to identify parts of the same type. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. with anti-corrosive paint. relative to its reference point. Creating a twin profile (p. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. The analysis properties of the twin profile. perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. The offsets of the ends of the beam.g. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The design information of the twin profile.cpf. The vertical position of the pad footing. relative to the beam’s reference line. For example. Defines how the profiles are combined. e. Finish is user-definable. hot galvanized. in terms of depth. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. The type of finish. For example. fire retardant coating. The vertical clearance between the profiles. The beam position. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. The material of the pad footing. etc.

with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Creating a pad footing (p. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. e. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The type of finish. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing.csf. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. It describes how the part surface has been treated. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. fire retardant coating. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. The analysis properties of the strip footing. The material of the strip footing. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. relative to its reference point. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. etc. hot galvanized. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Finish is user-definable. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. For example. Class Used to group strip footings. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing.g.

e. Creating a concrete column (p. How much the column is rotated around its axis. The analysis properties of the column.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place.g. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. The support conditions of the column ends. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Define the cast unit series of the column. with anti-corrosive paint. Warping. cambering and shortening of the column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. Finish is user-definable. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of the column. The design information of the footing. fire retardant coating. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. Creating a strip footing (p. For example. etc. The design information of the column.ccl. The type of finish. Class Used to group columns. and to identify parts of the same type. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Option Name The user-definable name of the column.

g. and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. For example.csl. The type of finish. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. The beam position on the work plane.cbm. relative to its reference line. The material of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . Finish is user-definable. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The design information of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Creating a concrete beam (p. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. The analysis properties of the beam. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. The loading properties of the beam. Class Used to group beams. cambering and shortening of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. The offsets of the ends of the beam. hot galvanized. The support conditions of the beam ends. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Warping. etc. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. e.

The spanning properties of the slab. Finish is user-definable. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab.cpn. with anti-corrosive paint. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. Class Used to group panels. The material of the panel. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. The type of finish. etc. The design information of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. The material of the slab. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place.g. For example. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). Class Used to group slabs. The analysis properties of the slab. Define the cast unit series of the slab. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. hot galvanized. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . fire retardant coating. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. The position of the slab. e. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. in terms of depth. Finish is user-definable. perpendicular to the work plane. fire retardant coating. Creating a concrete slab (p. hot galvanized.g. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The type of finish. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. The loading properties of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel.

231) Corner chamfer properties (p. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. 229) Weld types (p. See also Bolt properties (p. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. The loading properties of the panel. The spanning properties of the panel. The design information of the panel. Creating a concrete panel (p. Define the cast unit series of the panel. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The analysis properties of the panel. The offsets of the ends of the panel.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. relative to its reference line. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The position of the panel. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. 81) 8. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. 227) Weld properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. Bolt assembly standard/grade. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details.

If the bolt connects several parts. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. in both directions from the bolt group plane. In the illustration below. Extra length Additional bolt length. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape.e. depending on the bolt group shape. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. number. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees.g. or coordinate. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. Tolerance = Hole diameter .Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. or co-ordinate. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. group diameter. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Bolt spacing. depending on the bolt group shape. Bolt spacing. Zero for a round hole. x allowance of a slotted hole. For example. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. enter a negative value for cut length (e. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. -150). Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. y allowance of a slotted hole. Zero for a round hole. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies.

93). Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. or groove. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. but does not display it drawings. relative to the current work plane. Dy. At depth Dx. Bolts (p. 231). Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. The angle of weld preparation. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. For example.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . Type Angle See Weld types (p. bevels. The size of the weld. not in drawings. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Tekla Structures creates the weld.

To change the separator to @. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. 92). NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. defining the start and end points of the weld. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. for example. 72). This setting affects assemblies and drawings. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. For example. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. See Weld position (p. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. for example. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. information about the weld specification or process.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. for example 50–100. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. The space between the welded parts. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. To create a non-continuous weld.

Defines the electrode strength. Defines the process type. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Welds (p. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded.

More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. The name of the chamfer. to give plates varying thicknesses. Use these fields. See also Chamfering part corners (p.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. The dimensions of the chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. for example. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction.

Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. All information on previous numbers is lost. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. and the shape is straight. See also Chamfering part edges (p. 107) 8. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. The shape and position of the first end point. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. and the shape is angled. See also General numbering settings (p. and the shape is straight. The shape and position of the second end point. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . 234) Control number settings (p.

Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. and save sequence. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. and number of holes affects numbering. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. Numbering objects (p. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. size. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. 157). If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. The part name affects numbering. The orientation of columns affects numbering. numbering. The orientation of beams affects numbering. See Assembly position numbers (p. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part.

Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. Defines the interval between two control numbers. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Control numbers (p. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. No keeps the existing control numbers. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. If some welds have been removed. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

239) Right-hand rule (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. 241) 9. See also Defining default part properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p.

To stop copying or moving objects. for example. 7. Click Load to load the properties. This can useful when creating view filters. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. when creating grids and levels in a new model. or an object group. Save time by modeling these areas once. For example. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. then copying it to several levels. Depending on the project. and object groups. then copying them throughout the model. Start the Move or Copy command. create an empty view or selection filter. selection filters. c Enter the values you want to use. For example. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. b Select an object. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. The dialog box remains open on the screen. 2. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. 6. For a project that has several identical floors. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. 5. To use a default set of part properties. enter BEAM. Before you start. In the box next to the Save as button. Click Save as to save the set of properties. 3. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips .3. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. try modeling an entire floor. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. 4. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. from simple frames to entire floors. enter a name for the set of properties.

Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. index finger. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 .. • See also Use the Page Up. 132) Creating a visualization (p. click Select from model. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. With Xmouse active. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. 2. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. You can either select a date from the calendar. and then select an object. To select a date. 2. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. and then select one of the options. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. you can use the Xmouse option. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. select the review date. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. Views (p. Click Add row. a b To select an object property. Open the Background color in model editor document. and the middle finger the z axis.To select values from the model: 1. select one of the options.. In the Value list box. the index finger the y axis. To activate a view. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. click Select date.. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. 3. When you hold the thumb. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. to open the Select date dialog box. Page Down and arrow keys. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. Download and install the application. 4.. 2. or define the number of days before or after the review date. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1.

Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. 4.3 mm). especially in components. Clear the Cuts check box. 3. See also Cuts (p. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings.. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. Try to position the cut at least 0. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. If the component fails. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. Note that after creating the polygon. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0.3 mm outside of the part planes. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. Cuts (p. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. • • • • If a cut fails. To locate the failure in the model.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Click Display. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. the cut is more likely to succeed. to open the Display dialog box. 2. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position.. Click Modify. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. For example. use polygon cuts. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model.

Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. To lengthen a part. See also Modifying part length (p. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. It can cause problems with connections and details. 2. Hold down F. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. Click a row that contains an ID number. Click a row that contains an ID number. or use the Fit Part End command. This can cause shop errors. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Hold down Z. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. 2. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. move the part handles.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. move the part handles.

and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. Use construction planes. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. 57) Fittings (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. lines and circles. Create points.See also Part position (p. always pick points in the same direction. For example. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . y directions). such as beams. and from bottom to top (in positive x. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. Creating a single grid line (p. 40) Points (p. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. pick positions from left to right.

.........................................................................................72 clash checking........................... 71 using welds to create assemblies ...................... 191 angles................ 225 concrete polybeams .................................................. 86................................107 in sketches ......................... 75 changing the main part.............................................................................................82 exploding ............................................ 227 bolt group position ......................................................83 top-in-form face ................................................................................................................79 curved beams............................. 76 exploding.................................................105 corner chamfer types................................................................................................................................................................157 removing objects ...................................... see visualizing project status ..........104 corner chamfer dimensions ................................................115 concrete beams........................ 15 views ............. 174 nested assemblies ..................................83 cast units ................................................................81 adding non-concrete objects .113 bending...............................................................................................................................................105 edge chamfers......................................Index # 3D models..................................................................................................................................199 b background color changing....................................... 72 attaching parts.......................................................................................... 71.............................115 cast in place............................82 creating...............................................................................................143 bolting sub-assemblies... 135 beams cambering......................................................................................................................73...............................................174 numbering .. 67........................................................................................... 76 highlighting ...................................................... 71 examples...............................................87 bolt group shape......... 71 using bolts to create assemblies .................... 75 comparing ... 79............................ 23 examples.............. 39 4D tool........................................................84 changing the main part............................................ 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ............................................67 warping...................................69 steel beams .................................................... 157 removing objects ....................................82 adding objects ............................................................................... 30 angle dimensions ........................................ 185 assemblies ............ 218 steel polybeams .......................................... 131 sub-assemblies ............................................................ 75 joining.........................................................................................................................................83 lotting...............................................................................105 corner chamfers ............................ 75 showing and hiding .............................83 highlighting ............................................ 117 c cambering parts.................................................................................................................................... 74 numbering ....................................88 bolt spacing .......................................................65 bolts ..................................73........................ 74 changing the main assembly................................................................................................................82 cast unit type ..........................68 orthogonal beams..... 143 arcs...........................88 a absolute coordinates ......................................148 creating.......................................... 70 adding objects ................................................... 75 lotting............................86 bolt offsets .............................. 88 modifying ............................................. 149 creating .............83 casting direction ............................................... 85..84 chamfering..........................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................148 changing priority ......................................147 changing status ....................146 managing results ..............................68....197 checking the model................................................................113 constraints..........147 symbols ................. 79.................................................................................. 66.........................................133 object representation settings..........................135 project status visualizations ...............239 grid color.......................................................................................... 28.....186 perpendicular .................................................................55 background color ..........................................................................................................187 deleting ........185 Clash Check Manager .................................................................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................189 construction objects ............................................................. 51.............................checking sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................................ 31 columns concrete columns ......................188 parallel .......................167 clip planes..........................................187 colliding objects ....213 finding RGB values....................................................................................... 225 strip footings ............................................146 sessions.................................188 horizontal ............................................................................... 146..................132 concrete parts .. 226 polybeams .............................................................. 224 steel columns................................ 158........ 223 warping ........................................ 145.......................124 coincident contraints ...............81 casting direction....................................................40 contour plates ..................................................................................... 78..................... 80............................... 81.............................................189 fixed .....................40 construction circles .........144 colors ......................................................................................................... 224 pad footings ...................................................149 components showing and hiding...................235 coordinates coordinate system.. 117 comparing parts or assemblies..............................28 copying hints and tips..................41 construction planes................................................................ 69..............................................................................................147 list of clashes ........................................................................................136 corner chamfers .............................. 219 control numbers ......................... 78. 146 clash checking ..........41 construction lines ..............142 circles............................................23 color settings ......................................................... 232 types and dimensions ........79 slabs .............. 225 cast units............................................................187 vertical ..... 218 combining parts ..................................77 beams .......23 background color examples...............................238 object groups ......................................... 159 settings .......... 222 panels ........................................................................................186 coincident.... 55 classifying information ........................................................................................................................... 105..................... 145............................... 116........... 78..............................................104...................................................84 columns .................................... 144..................... 149 bolts .......... 78.......................................................146 class.......................

.........................................................................................................................................................216 distances measuring.............. 71 bolts..................................................................................................................................... 90 logical areas .......127 modifying contents ........... 71 tile patterns.............................................................................. 93........................................... 184 slabs.......... 38 grids ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 32 grid views ......................................... 79 concrete slabs .....................................................................................119 examples assemblies ................................... 109............................... 78 concrete panels................. 78 sub-assemblies ......136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ...... 139 erection sequences ......................171 detail properties .................................131 examining the model ..... 88 sketched cross sections .....127 cuts ............101 visualizing erection schedules.204 defining erection schedules................................................. 16 nested assemblies ..................................................... 168 lots.......................... 165 tile pattern definition ... 174 models......................................138 creating project status visualization settings ..............................................76 background colors ............................................... 104....... 91.............................................................. 69 curved beams................. 67 storys....................... 41 construction lines ............................................................................................................................................................................... 82 clip planes ................................................................................................. 80 construction circles.......................................................................................................................................................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor............................... 168 sequences.......................... 108 grid lines.....227 DGN supported objects ..... 163.............191 deleting from a sketch .. 124 sections ...................68.........................139 visualizing project status .................. 86 cast units ................................... 80 standard-part models ................................... 41 construction planes ............................ 112 polygon cuts ..........................191 between two points............................................................................................. 68 fittings...................... 69 pad footings..........................192 in sketching ...........................................143 dividing models................................................................................................................................. 181 sketching cross sections ..........................................................................................................171 e edge chamfers....................109 hints and tips ................... 132 object representation settings ...................................................137 numbering .138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section......................................48 dimensions angle................................... 111 part cuts............................................................................................................................................... 111 d deleting logical areas .............................190 radial.................................................... 70 views ........... 67 steel columns ...................................................... 124 concrete beams.................................................................................................................... 30 holes... 81 concrete polybeams ...................... 168 strip footings...........................63 erection schedules.... 136 screenshots...........................................................137 creating object representation settings....................................creating assemblies ........ 107..................................... 169 orthogonal beams ... 172 single bolts ................................171 object types .........................................................................................................................................................192 display settings .................................23 creating object groups ....................................................70..................................................................................................................171 exact lines. 78 project status visualizations ..................................193 horizontal................................................................................................................ 100 twin profiles ....................162..................... 109.................................................190 vertical .... 66 steel polybeams ..................... 40 contour plates.......89...................................... 232 end offsets ................................................................. 164.. 35 welds ........................................ 181 curved parts........................................................................................... 74 object groups............................................................................................................................................... 137.................................................................................................................................126 adding attributes............ 110..............................................65.............................. 68 Custom Inquiry ...................... 160 steel beams................. 134 object type categories .. 79 concrete columns ...........................................240 line cuts .....

.............................................................................................237 holes ............................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..131 work area .............................................................................57 moving ..............26 highlighting assemblies.............................238 parts...................................................................................................................149 fittings ........................................................................................................................................................................................................126 object properties ............................................................................................... 29................................................33 properties..................................................................75 l lengthening parts ........................42 sketched cross sections.....................152 reinforcements .......................................................................32 creating..126 j joining assemblies.....................192 horizontal position ..........................................................116 levels... 223 g global coordinate system ................................163 modifying .............215 grids coordinates .................... 89...........................................84 unselected parts ........................................................................................83 reference models ....................................................................................................................................203 inquiring models .....76 cast units .............................27 hiding assemblies.........................................................................................................31 grid color..............................56 positioning planes ..................32 deleting ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 222....................145 finding distant objects ....38 properties......................211 work plane grid .................240 grid labels ....................................................................62 i identical areas.................................................................... 31 line extensions......195 reference lines .....................................................................................................................................75 cast units.....................................................203 extrusion types.................................................................................................33 modifying ...........................153 importing points .................................................................................................212 grid views creating..................................................................................156 finding clashes .................................... 109................................................................................................................................................31 origin........58 reference models ....131 components ............................200 f family numbers .....................64 line cuts.......188 horizontal dimensions ......................exploding assemblies.........................................................155 example .....................28 grid lines ...............188 flying through model .............................................................................................. see tips ............................................................................ 31 labels ..................................................................................................29 properties...................................................................45 selected parts ....................132 cut lines...........................................................................45 hints and tips................................................29 modifying ................................................................................... 28........................................................................................57 of positioning planes........................130 top-in-form face.......................................................................................................................................................108 fixed constraints...................................30 deleting .........83 exporting sketched cross sections ...................................28 h handles .................... 90 horizontal constraints ..................................................................................131 local coordinate system ................................30 creating....................................................................................78.....................................123 footings ....................................31 part labels .............................. 111 lines exact ....

.....................................167 viewing ............................................ 234..........................................................................................................152 identical reinforcements ............................................................... 235 standard-part model .....................................133 creating...........................................................................................................................................158 reinforcements... 122 numbering .............................................. 119 zooming................. 143 angles....................213 copying to another model ............233 m Magnifier.........153 modifying .......151 assemblies ................... 241 logical areas .........................................57 n nested assemblies.................................................... 174 adding parts ................................................ 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)............................................ 120 materials..................................................................................161 identical parts ...................238 models in a view......................................160 user-defined attributes..........................................................................................157 cast units ............. 176 rendered or plan view?................................................................................. 21 Model Organizer...................................................... 167 modeling hints and tips ............................. 175 creating ..... 167 rotating ........... 74 numbering..... 163 history..................log files viewing ................................................................................ 158................................................................... 175 moving hints and tips .... 233........................................ 156 about numbering ......... 54 measuring objects .... 170 lotting..............................................214 object property report templates........................................................................ 123 inquiring........................... 159 examples ..............................138 object types .......................................................................................................................... 16 dividing into phases...122 positioning planes........................................................... 17 viewing ..... 168 viewing ........... 73........................................................................................................167............................135 creating......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 169 object types .............................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .......134 deleting..160 control numbers.......................................... 171 examining..157 sequences ..................................................133 example...........................153 what affects ............154 preliminary numbers...................................................................................................................137 transparency settings ............................................. 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ................................................................. 155.........................................................152 numbering settings ........................................................................... 175 removing ...................................................157 checking and repairing ........................................................................................................................................................................................................172 series.................................................................................................................................................159 numbering series............................................................ 153................................ 165 family numbers ............................ 15 checking for errors ...................................................... 143 bolt spacing ..........132 color settings . 119 modifying logical areas ........................... 121 saving..................................................................... 156 settings ........... 154.............................162.....135 example................... 119 flying through model........................ 238 parametric modeling.................................................................................161 clearing..............................132 deleting........................................................... 142 creating ............... 114 models about 3D models ................................................... 126 moving................................................................................... 174 deleting.... 143 distances ......................................... 58 Model Editor screen layout......................................................................................................................................................................... 156...........................................................126 object representation settings..... 169 o object groups .......................... 151 organizing....... 151....................................................................... 164............. 237 identical areas .......................................................................................133 copying ................................ 163.............................................................................................................195 using handles ........................................................................................

............................................................................................................................. 57......117 steel parts .......................................................................... 222 panels ..................................... 112 default properties ...............................................241 numbering..........................................................................................................................................................................................122 parallel constraints.......130 horizontal parts ........................................................74 assemblies......................................149 inquiring properties .............................113 perpendicular constraints...............63 opening models ........................ 145 defining visibility.............237 hiding ..................................................................................................39 points .......... 154................ 58 profiles ............................................................................42 phase and ID ..................70 bending ...........................................................................................................................186 parametric modeling ........................................................ 67.......66 user-defined attributes ....................52 position ..................................116 showing only selected parts..........................................................131 splitting.....................93 polylines ...................................................................................81 panning ...................112 polygon welds .........................................167 orthogonal beams .....................................................................................................................................................156 placing objects in model ..........................................................242 showing and hiding..............................................................................................54 modifying part length ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 144.................................................................................143 numbering....................149 concrete parts ......................................239 oversized holes..............................................................................242 identical parts..............................................217 parts adding to assembly........242 positioning ..................131 showing with exact lines ........77 cutting with another part ........................................................................................objects clash checking ...................................................................................................................................................................................65 cambering ................................................................................................................................................................................. 156 part types .......................................................... 79 polygon cuts.164 plane views ..................................................54 changing the profile .....................17 organizing the model .......................................117 part labels ... 173 shortening ................................................115 changing the material ..........................................................................115 lengthening in drawings ................42 coordinates .................... 78..............................156 views...............115 shortening in drawings......................................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..171 in numbering ...........................................176 profiles .....................................212 importing ...................................126 measuring............................116 comparing ...................... 111 polygon shapes..................... 110.................56 showing and hiding.............................................................................220 overlapping numbering series ..........................................................................212 polybeams......................................................... 109................187 phases ..................................................................................................176 parametric profiles .........................................................................................................................................................52 properties...................................... 172........................................................152 labels .........116 lotting ..............................................53 part add............................................ see attaching parts .................55 warping ...................................................................................56 lengthening ...................52 combining .....51 sequences ............212 properties......56 part properties.......128 finding distant objects ...................................................90 p pad footings .......................174 material ......................................128 offsets ......

..............................................149 RGB values ...............................................................................43 clash checking....................... 60 end offsets..............................................................................................................80 s saving models...................... 147 profiles.............. 193 handles..................................................................44 selecting ......45 viewing layers.............................................44 modifying properties ..........157 relative coordinates .......................................................................................................................................... 63 horizontal............... 58 reference model objects ......................................................................89 plates.................................................................39 reinforcements identical ....................................... 65 redrawing views..........57.17 sketched cross sections ....................136............................................................69 slabs .......................48 supported DGN objects ..................... 59 vertical................................................... 53 twin profiles ............................................... 93 preliminary numbers......57 refreshing views..................... 135 copying..45 highlighting ................ 237 r radial dimensions ...........................................................................................................................................................................................241 representation options ................................ 59 rotation .....................................................................................................239 right-hand rule ....... 125 priority in clash checking..............197 to old clash checking functionality ............................................................................................ 136 deleting........................................................................position bending .....................................................153 numbering ........................................................ 176 prefixes......................................................................... 53 project status visualizations.........................................144 hiding................................. 39 reference lines.................................................... 195 reverting to default ....................................................................... 158 preparing parts for welding................................................................................213 rotation angle knob ....53.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 53 weld size prefix...................................................................................................................................28 reverting to default positioning planes.............................121 parts .............................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ......................................... 70 user-defined .............................................................................45 inserting..............58 round holes........................................ 201 standard ..................................................... 138 properties default ................... 61 positioning planes...30 rendered views ......................36 representation options................................ 136 example..............................................................................................239 rotating models......................................................................................48 updating................................................................................................................................................................................................... 48 reference models...................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes.........................198 screen layout in Model Editor ............................................................... 52 parametric .............................. 64 on the work plane.................... 53 separators .............. 136 creating ...........46 reference points................................................................................................................................................... 62 levels ........ 196 moving.. 47 selecting .............. 65 depth .............. 190 radius.....................................................161 report templates for inquiring object properties .................................................................................................................................................128 restoring default work plane .............................................................................59 rotation settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 viewing changes.....126 reports viewing ...........................................................128 repairing numbering errors ..................... 94 printing screenshots............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 53 sketched profiles ............................................................45 splitting into reference objects.

......................................................26 single bolts ......................................88 single grid lines ..58 sequences ..................................................................198 sketch thickness ..........................................................................................168 selecting dates from model.......56 parts with exact lines ........241 shortening and lengthening parts ..............212 grid properties.....147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................................................................................................................218 steel column properties ...............227 concrete beam properties..193...........................182 sketch editor......................................225 contour plate properties..199 checking.......................................... 202.................125 settings ..215 view settings ..............................186 adding dimensions..............................................................................................................................................................................................201 variables .....84 views..............218 strip footing properties ............125 saving in bitmap format ....................................................131 positioning planes ......173 creating........................224 concrete panel properties .................131 components ..................................................................................................................................................217 point properties.238 selection dial ..................................................................................211 grid view properties ............... 235 orthogonal beam properties............... 203 extrusion types...................190 arcs .........................................................................80 warping ......................................197 circles......124 splitting parts..............................................53 standard-part models ........................................181 sketched cross sections............................................184 positioning planes ......132 cut lines..................................................................................216 edge chamfer properties............160 status in clash checking ..................................................32 single-part welds .... 196 profiles ...............................................................................................................................................................................................212 rotation settings ...........................................211 grid line properties ...............................184 creating images .......................... see screenshots ....................................................... 202.............204 exporting ................................................199 using in models...............................38 work area .223 twin profile properties ......................................................240 parts labels ............................................................................185 chamfers ...229 shifting the work plane ...................................... 113.............................................................................................. 203 modifying ...214 steel beam properties ......58 top-in-form face..................................116 showing assemblies...........................222 part properties ...................................................................................186 saving ..................172 adding parts.............................. 118 plates and slabs......................................................................118 standard profiles ...............232 general modeling settings..................................183 slabs............................................................................... 114 slotted holes......................................................................................................................215 numbering settings ..........................................198 polylines..............................................................................214 sections.......................45 values from model ..................................................................................233....................................................173 settings bolt properties................185 creating ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................173 inquiring ................ 117..................................................221 view properties .....226 concrete slab properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................115 shortening parts in drawings .......195 reference lines .........................................................................................................................................172 deleting .........90 snapping to middle points............................ 194.........................................................................................................57 snapshots..................................................................................................238 reference model objects .............................................................200 importing .................48 reference models...............................................................................................................................................94 Sketch Browser.201 refining the shape ...........................................................................201 example ..............................181 adding constraints......screenshots creating......................................................... 234......................................232 detail properties ..........................................................................219 corner chamfer properties .......................173 modifying ............................................................227 display settings ................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .....215 weld properties .......................................................................125 printing.................................................213 screenshot settings.................................................................................124 in Windows Vista .......................................................................................220 pad footing properties...225 concrete column properties ............................

......................................................................................................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ....................96........... 237 finding RGB values for colors.............................................................. 218 columns.... 72 welding to existing assembly...................................................................... 218 contour plates................................................................... 219 curved beams....189 vertical dimensions ... 98 on selected areas.................................................................... 68 orthogonal beams ................. 168 strip footings ...........................39 closing .................................................................... 241 placing objects .......................................................................................................36 visibility of objects..... 72 surface treatment .................................................................. 66 assemblies ................................................................................................. 103 pattern elements ...................................................... 221 storys....................... 119...............36 moving.......................... 68.................................................................................................................................................... 71 bolting to existing assembly .................................................. 242 cutting efficiently....................................................... 220 polybeams.......................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses.......... 98 on cut faces........................... 223 sub-assemblies ..............................................35 opening.84 transparency settings ...........................................170 models.........................................................128 view planes....................................................................................................................176 in sketching ........................215 refreshing ............................. 124 numbering history........................................................ 97 on part face ......................... 238 creating horizontal parts.... 95 adding .............................................. 240 defining default part properties.................. 239 copying and moving efficiently ............................................................................. 221 u user interface in Model Editor ......................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ..........................................................35 deleting.....................170 sequence numbers....................................................................................................................39 creating......................................................33 arranging ......................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ............... 238 modifying part length....................................... 96 on all faces of part.......53 v values selecting from model ................................................................................................................................................................................................................36 view types......................................................................136 t testing sketched cross sections ....steel parts......................239 properties ...................................................192 vertical position. 97 on chamfered parts ......... 39 top-in-form face .......... 96 creating new surface treatments ......................................................................................................................................................................... 99 modifying...........................................................................161 object types .............................128 visualizing project status........................................ 69......................................38 overlapping..........................................................183 vertical constraints.................................39 switching between views ................ 100 creating new tile patterns .... 239 selecting values from model...................70............. 197 tiled surface treatment................................................................................................................................................78.............................. 70...35 view planes....21 user-defined attributes.............214 twin profiles.................................................................39 temporary .............................................................................................67................................................... 242 right-hand rule ........................................................................ 100 pattern definition example ................ 67 twin profiles ................238 variables in parametric modeling ............................................................................................................... 97 tiled surface treatment...............................................153 user-defined profiles ....................66................ 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ......................... 70 beams ............61 view depth ................................................................ 239 modeling identical areas ..38 naming.......................................................................69......................37 view settings ........................................................................................ 100 switching between views ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................55 in numbering....................................... 101 pattern definitions......................38 modifying ....................215 viewing logical areas .......173 views...........

.................................................120 zoom settings............................................................................... 114 welds...........................................................................93 single-part welds.....................................................................................................................................................120 zoom window ....................26 work plane.............21 z zooming using Magnifier ............................................................................................................................91........................................w warping beams........................91 creating......94 weld size prefixes .....................................................120 with keyboard shortcuts .............27 restoring........................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............94 weld position...........234 polygon welds............................................................................................. 25...................................26 hiding ...................... 94 numbering................................................................................................................................................................................................113 concrete parts.....................................................................................................................92 weld preparation .........................................36 work area .27 workspace in Model Editor........................................................... 128 defining ......120 zooming in or out ................................................. 91............28 shifting ..................................................................93 weld types......................... 93.............. 229 between parts ..........................................231 welding sub-assemblies ...............................72 wire frame views ..................................113 concrete slabs .... 113........

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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