Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

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.............................................................................................................................. 66 Assemblies...................... Standard profiles .. Using bolts to create assemblies ... Using welds to create assemblies ............... Materials................................................................ Vertical position .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ................................................................................................ Bending ................................................ Position depth ......................2 Moving a part using handles ........................................ Levels ................................................................................. Creating a steel polybeam................................... Creating a contour plate .... Creating a twin profile............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ End offsets ......... Adding objects to assemblies.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Horizontal position .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3......... User-defined profiles ........................ 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position .................................................................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly ................................................................................................................. 3.......... Creating a curved beam ............................................................................... Assembly hierarchy ...............................................................................3 Creating a steel column........................................................................... Position on the work plane ........................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a round contour plate ..................................... Creating an orthogonal beam...... Adding parts to an assembly ...................................... Changing the material of a part ............................................................................................................................................. Showing part labels in a view ............... Creating a steel beam ................................................................................... User-defined attributes ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Part labels ....................................................................................................................................... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................................................................... Parametric profiles ...................................................................................................................................................................................... Rotation .................................................... Modifying the position of a part .....................................................................................................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly..................... 3............... Creating a sub-assembly ..... 57 Steel parts....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part .................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Colors ....................................................................................................................................

........ Defining the casting direction of a part ............................................................................................... Changing the assembly main part ........................................................................................................................................................................ Changing or adding bolted parts ................6 Creating a cast unit ............................................................................................................................................................................. 77 Cast units............................... Bolt group shape ................................................................ Adding objects to cast units .......................................................................................... 4............................................................................................................................................................................................ Exploding a cast unit ................................................................................................................................................................. Removing objects from a cast unit ............................................................... 85 Creating a bolt group.................. 3......................................... Creating a concrete slab ............................................................................ Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ...................................................................................................................................................................... Bolt group position ............................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing.................................................... 3................ Showing the top-in-form face ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Defining the cast unit type......................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes........................................... Changing the main assembly ...................................................................................................... Casting direction .1 Bolts...................................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ........................... Creating a concrete column ....................................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 85 4....................................................................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a round slab .................................................................................................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................................. Removing objects from an assembly .................................................................... 89 Creating round holes............................... Creating a strip footing ........................... Assembly examples ...................................................... Exploding an assembly .................................................................................................... 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel ............... Creating a concrete polybeam ..................................... Creating a single bolt ...................................................................................................................... Bolt offsets ....................... Changing the cast unit main part .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete beam....................................................................Joining assemblies ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Highlighting objects in an assembly ................................................................ Highlighting objects in a cast unit.................................................................................................................................................................

.......................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns .................................................................................................................................................................... Polygon cuts .............................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ............................. Weld size prefixes ....... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options.................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding . 90 4.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 104 Chamfers................................................................................................................................................................................Creating oversized holes................................................3 Welds ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Tile pattern elements ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ................... 104 4........................................................................................... Part cuts .................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon............................ Cuts ........................................................................ 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4............................ Chamfering part corners ........................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ............................... Warping concrete parts ........................................................... Polybeam chamfers ...................................................... Line cuts ..................................................................................................................................................... 101 Tile pattern definitions .. Weld position .......................................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts..............................................................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ........................................................................................................................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ........... Warping a beam using deformation angles ....................................................................... Chamfering part edges ................................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Tiled surface treatment.............. 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses .................................................................................................... Cutting parts with another part ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 Example pattern definition .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a fitting ........ 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ...........................................................................................................................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.................................... Creating a weld to a part .................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ...................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ............................. Weld preparation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a line ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Fittings....................... Creating a polygon weld....................................

...................................................................................................... Hiding selected parts.......................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ................................................................................................................................................... Flying through the model...................................... Lengthening a part in drawings .............................. 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ............................................................................................................. 118 5 Examining the Model......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings ................................................ Creating a screenshot......................................... 119 Zooming the model .. Printing a screenshot ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Representation options ............................ Modifying the zoom settings ........... Cambering a part ........................................... Moving the model............................................................ 116 Attaching a part to another part.......... 5....................................................... 118 Splitting a plate or slab................................................................ 117 4.................................................................................................................................................................... Zooming with keyboard shortcuts .......................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ........................................................ 5............................................................................................ Shortening and lengthening parts .......................................................................... Zooming with Magnifier .........................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Object property report templates ............................................................................................ Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .....................................................................2 Inquiring object properties...................... Creating a clip plane .................... 116 Combining two parts into one................................................................. Hiding unselected parts............ Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ....................... Rotating the model ......................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ............................................................................................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 .......................... Cambering parts...............................1 Viewing the model ............................................. Showing parts with exact lines ....................................... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ........................................................................................ 119 5................................................................................ 126 Showing and hiding objects ......................................................... 4......... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ...................................................................................................................................................... Showing and hiding assemblies....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7 Splitting parts ...............................................................

....................................................................................................... Measuring angles .................................................................................................................................................... Comparing parts or assemblies..................................................... Finding distant objects................................................................................. Object groups ........................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings .................................................. Object representation settings. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ....................................................................................................................................................................... Copying visualization settings to another model ................ Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts .................................................................................................................... 151 6.............................................................................................................................................................. Example: Creating object groups ..........................................................................................................5 Measuring objects ............................................................. 153 Planning your numbering series..............................Showing and hiding components ................................. 152 Identical parts ....................................2 What is numbering ........................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status....................................... Clash Check Manager .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 152 Identical reinforcements ........................................................................................................................................ Copying object representation settings to another model ......................................................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ..............................1 6............................................................... Measuring distances .................................................................................................................... Creating an object group ......................................... Deleting an object group ........................................................................................................................................................3 Defining numbering series .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating object representation settings .............. 153 6............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Measuring bolt spacing ........................................... Finding clashes in a model ...................................... Deleting visualization settings ...................................... 5........................... Example: Defining an erection schedule ....................... Example: Creating object representation settings .................................. 135 Checking the model ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Detecting clashes .................. Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ....... Example: Creating visualization settings ............................................. 151 What affects numbering ................................................................4 Creating a visualization ......................... 5..................... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................ 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ................................................................................................ 142 6 Numbering the Model............ Copying an object group to another model .................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 7................................................................. 161 Numbering examples............................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases....................................................................................................... Deleting a sequence ............................................3 Sequences.................................... Creating a standard-part model ............6 6................ Example: Using family numbers............................................................ 172 173 173 173 173 7....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories .... Numbering reinforcements.......................................................................................... 172 Creating a sequence ................ Deleting logical areas and object type categories...................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects........................................................................................................................................................................ 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ............................................................ Checking the sequence of a part .................... 171 Custom phase properties ...................................................... 171 7............................................................................................................................. 6................................................................................................ Changing the family number of an object ................................................................................................. Assigning control numbers to parts ................................................................................................................................................... 7................................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases ........................................... Example: Numbering selected part types ....... Saving preliminary numbers................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 167 Creating logical areas ........................................................................ Clearing numbers........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Control numbers........................................ Overlapping numbering series ............................................................... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases.............. 156 Viewing the numbering history........4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ....... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling........... 6............................................................................5 6...................................................... Assigning family numbers ....... Adding parts to a sequence ............Family numbers.................................................. Assembly position numbers ................................ Modifying logical areas and object type categories......................................................................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part...........1 Organizing the model..... Example: Numbering settings during a project ...........................................................................................................................................................................4 Lotting ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Changing numbers............................................................................................................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers ........................................................................................................................................... 161 Repairing numbering errors ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating object type categories................................................................................................................................................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams.........

................... Sketching the outline of a cross section ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Sketch Browser ............................................................................................................................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section................. Adding parts to a lot .................... 7............................................................5 7............................................................................................................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ........ Part positioning planes ................. Adding a fixed constraint ................................................................................................................................................................. Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section....... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a parallel constraint ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a vertical constraint .................................................................... 176 Sketched cross sections ............................................................................................... Deleting a constraint .......... Modifying chamfers in a sketch .......................................................................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint ................................................................................ Removing parts from a lot .... Sketching an arc ................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes ............................................................................................................ Modifying a sketched cross section......................................................................................................... Deleting a dimension from a sketch .................. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ................Creating a lot .................................................. Variables ............................. Saving a sketched cross section ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Reverting to default positioning planes .................................................................................................................................... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch .................... Sketching a polyline .................. Moving positioning planes ..................................................................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ..... Cross section extrusion types ........................................... Adding a coincident constraint ...............................................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ...................................................................................................................................... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ............................................................................................................................................................. Checking a sketched cross section ........................................................................................................................................................................ Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch .................................. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Connection positioning planes . Deleting a lot ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... Sketching a circle .......................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ........................ 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................. Moving positioning plane handles .......................................................

.............................................................. Concrete column properties ...........................................................................................................1 General settings................... 227 Weld properties ............. Example: Using the cross section in a model ........ 215 View properties .................................................................................................................. Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ...................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ..................................... Rotation settings ........................................... Point properties ................................................................................................ Twin profile properties................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8......................................... 227 Bolt properties..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Pad footing properties.............................................................................. 8............................................................................................................................................................................................ Exporting sketched cross sections .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 211 8............................................................. Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 211 Grid properties ................ Grid line properties................................. 217 Steel column properties ................................................................................................................................................4 Detail properties........................................................................................ Concrete beam properties........................................ Example: Setting the cross section thickness ............................. Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ............................................................. Concrete panel properties.................................. Transparency settings....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Screenshot settings.......................................... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section................................................... Strip footing properties ................................. Steel beam properties .............................. Contour plate properties........................................................... Creating an image of a sketched cross section ..................................................................................................................................................... 215 Grid view properties ............................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ............................................................................................. 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings........ 229 Weld types .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Part properties .................. 215 Display settings ...................................................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ................................................................... 216 8................................................................................................................................. Concrete slab properties ......................................................................................................... Orthogonal beam properties . Color settings .......................................................................................................................................

........ Copying and moving efficiently...................................... 232 Edge chamfer properties .............................................................................. Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 235 9 Modeling Tips ............................................................................................................................................... Modeling identical areas......................................................... 234 Control number settings .................................................................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 237 9..................... 237 Defining default part properties ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Finding RGB values for colors..................................................................................................... Hiding cut lines in a view ............................ Cutting efficiently ............................. 233 General numbering settings .............................. 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips...................................................................................................................................1 General modeling tips .................................................5 Numbering settings .................................. Right-hand rule.......................................................Corner chamfer properties ...................................... Selecting values from the model ......................................................................................................................... 232 8.... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................................................................ 9.................................................................................................................................................. Creating horizontal parts .............................................2 Modifying part length ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ........................................................................... 233 Weld numbering settings...... Activating an overlapping view ..........................................................................................................

including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. create. 17) Saving a model (p. you can create a real-life model of any structure. 17) Model templates (p. 15) Creating a new model (p. 16) Opening a model (p.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . such as reports and NC data files. 18) 1. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. as they react to modifications in the model. and save models in Tekla Structures.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 40) Points (p. 29) Views (p. the icons and available menu options will become active. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 21) Work area (p. 28) Grids (p. a new window appears on the screen. 33) Construction objects (p. 43) 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 42) Reference models (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 27) Coordinate system (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 25) Work plane (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. When you open or create a model. Initially.

23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. 2. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.. 239) Background color examples (p. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. > Model View. 3. Finding RGB values for colors (p. To use the default background color.. set the same value for all four corners of the background. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. and so on. leave the advanced option fields empty.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values.

0 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.RGB values 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 Result 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.

23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.2 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .7 0.0 0.0 0. 239) 2.RGB values 0.0 1.3 0.6 1.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.7 0.8 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 1.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 0.0 1. dashed lines.0 Result 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.

Tekla Structures hides the work area. for example. 5. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. or in all visible views. 26) Hiding the work area (p. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. This can be useful. click View > Redraw All again. you can hide the green work area box. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. Click View > Redraw All. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . see the corresponding menu tooltip. To make the work area visible again. set the advanced option to FALSE. Objects outside the work area still exist. > Model View. 2. Alternatively. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. To make the box visible again. 4. You can define the work area in a selected view. See also Defining the work area (p. or all model objects. 3. Click OK or Apply.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. To define the work area: 1. See also Work area (p. 1... Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. For more information on each command. for example. but they are not visible. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. 2. Work area (p. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. or size the work area to include selected parts. when creating screenshots for presentations.

Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. 28) Right-hand rule (p. When modeling sloped parts. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar.2. For more information on each command. See also Shifting the work plane (p. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. part positioning. which can be used for positioning parts. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. For example creating points. To display the work plane grid. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. For example. or on a part or view plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . 2. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. The current work plane is model-specific. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. To shift the work plane: 1. The work plane also has its own grid. so it is the same in all views. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. which is the local coordinate system of the model. parallel to one of the global basic planes. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates.

4.. 239) 2. 3. 4. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. to change the color to red. set the value to 1. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane.0 0. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. 3.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To restore the default work plane: 1..See also Work plane (p. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 2. See also Work plane (p. Click Change. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. Set Plane to XY. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures..4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. y.0 0. 2. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. Set Depth coordinate to 0.0. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Work plane (p. > Model View. Click OK. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. For example.

A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.In wire frame views.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . See also Work plane (p. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 27) View types (p. 36) 2.

See also Creating a grid (p. Y0. 30) Modifying a grid (p. 3. 5. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. Optional: When prompted. For example. 31) Grid lines (p. 31) Deleting a grid (p. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Y0. Grids (p. See also Click Create. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model.You can have more than one grid in a model. 31) Grid properties (p. 2. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. 4. For example. See also Creating a grid (p. To manually create a grid: 1. 31) Changing the grid color (p. 30) Coordinate system (p. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. The z coordinates are absolute. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. You can also create grids manually. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. and smaller grids for some detailed sections.. Modify the grid properties. 0 4000 4000. Click Modeling > Create Grid. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. If you do not pick a point. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 29) Grid coordinates (p. 30) Grid labels (p. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin.. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. and Z0. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. 0 2*4000. and Z0. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties.

The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. not the grid. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. Grids (p. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 29) Grid properties (p. When you delete a grid. If you have also other objects selected. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. The Grid dialog box appears. 3. 2. Modify the grid properties. 29) Creating a grid (p. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. is selected. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. If you wish. See also Grids (p. 4. When working with very large grids. 3. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. 2. See also Click Modify to save the changes. See also Grids (p. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. you can leave the label fields empty.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. is selected. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. If the coordinate check boxes are selected.

See also Grids (p. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. > Model View. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p.1. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p..0 0. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. When you select a grid line. 2. Click OK.0 0. 3. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. set the value to 1. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. to change the color to red. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. Pick the starting point of the grid line. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. Pick the end point of the grid line. 4. 4. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. For example. the handles appear in magenta. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.0. Single grid lines have handles. You can use handles to move the grid lines. 3. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. 2. See also Grids (p.

See also Grid lines (p. Grid lines (p. If you also have other objects selected. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. 4. is selected. Modify the grid line properties.See also Grid lines (p. not the grid line. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. 3.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Click Modify to save the changes. 2. 32) 2. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. 32) Grid line properties (p. 2. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. See also is selected. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. When you delete a grid line. 3. For example.

39) Refreshing views (p. and elevation views provide different types of information. 39) Arranging views (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. which is useful for different tasks. 35) Opening a view (p. 38) Deleting a view (p. 38) Switching between open views (p. create a 3D view of the part. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 38) Modifying a view (p. See also Creating a view (p. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . plane. This places the part in the center of the view.

Temporary views. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. 2. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. If several users have different views with the same name. Optional: Save the view. disappear when you close them. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. 33) View settings (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Views (p. 35) View types (p. See also Creating a view (p. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . it is very important to give views unique names. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. 36) Creating grid views (p. Do not use parentheses when naming a view.If you are working with two screens. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. When you exit the model. or the view will not be saved for later use. For more information on each command. Select a view command from the View menu. See also Views (p. b Type a unique name in the Name field. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. 36) View planes (p. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. c See also Click Modify. which have a default name in parentheses. 215) About naming views (p. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. 3. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. In multi-user mode.

Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. In basic views. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. In the basic plane view.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. • See also Creating a view (p. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. 35) Representation options (p. xz. and zy). It does not appear in the plane name. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis.

To move the view plane: 1. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. from the pop-up menu. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. 3. Pick the starting point of the translation vector.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. or enter its coordinates. 5. 37) Creating a view (p. 4. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 ..Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Other views For view types other than basic views. Click Move. 2. Moving a view plane (p. Pick the end point of the translation vector. If the Move . click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. or enter its coordinates. When you move a view plane. or the points are defined automatically. Click the view. See also View planes (p.. depending on the creation method.

Modify the view properties. 4. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. Before you start. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. how it will name the views. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines... The Views dialog box appears. Modify the grid properties. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create..Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. See also Creating a view (p. and all visible views on the right. 2. create a view that contains a grid. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.. and which view properties it will use. 35) Grid view properties (p. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Click Create. 3. See also Views (p. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 2. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time.. Tekla Structures displays a warning. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. check how many views you have open. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . To open multiple views. 2. 3. If the view does not appear. To create grid views: 1. If you try to open more than nine views. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. 33) View settings (p. Click View > View List. 5. or double-click a view to open it. Click Modify. Views (p. Select the grid. The Views dialog box appears.

3.. Click View > Redraw All. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. Click View > View List. Select the view you want to delete. Views (p.1. See also Views (p. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. To delete multiple views. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Views (p. 2. Views (p. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 33) Switching between open views (p. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. In the View Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . Click Delete. and all visible views on the right. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. and then click Modify. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view.. On the Window menu. select an option from the Angle list box. The Views dialog box appears. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane.. select a view from the list.

the attached handles and chamfers move with it. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. 3. 40) Creating a construction line (p. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. Click View > Close All. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. lines. 2. Tile Horizontally. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. 33) 2. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. You cannot use the Cascade. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. Tekla Structures draws the plane. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. Double-click the plane in the model. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. See also Creating a construction plane (p. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. 4. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. When you move the plane. Type a name for the plane. Click the middle mouse button. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. Pick four points. For example. For example.To arrange the views. and circles help you place other objects. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. select the Magnetic check box. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. See also Views (p.7 Construction objects Construction planes. 5. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 6. They do not appear in drawings.

See also Construction objects (p. Pick the end point of the construction line. a Double-click the line in the model. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. c Click Modify. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 2.7. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . See also Construction objects (p. See also Construction objects (p. Click Modify. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 4. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. 3. Pick the starting point of the construction line. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. b Select the Magnetic check box. For more information on each command.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. 42) Importing points (p. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. For more information on each command. 2. Points (p.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. To import points from a file: 1. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. 42) Point properties (p.2. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. See also Creating a point (p. When you create points. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. Create a point import file.

For example. a plant design model. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. Type the ASCII file name.500.dxf) AutoCAD (*. Click Create. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. See also Points (p. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. 7. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. *. For example: 100. 4.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). During the import process.rop.3dd) IFC files (*. an architectural model. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder.prp) Cadmatic models (*. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model.700. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 .igs. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.dgn. 5. Type point in the Search field and click Search.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 6. *. 42) 2.IFC) IGES files (*. 3. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model.1000 300. Include the full path and the file extension. If you do not specify the path. or a heating.1500 2. b Save the file. See also Inserting a reference model (p.dwg) MicroStation (*. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas.

. If you do not define a reference model file to use. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. 5. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. 4. or you forget to click Apply. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Check the work plane position.. Click User-defined attributes. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 3. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p.. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. 46) Reference model objects (p. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects.. Click File > Insert Reference Model. For more information on user-defined attributes. Click the Browse. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. Modify the properties and then click Modify. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 7. Click File > Reference Model List.Updating reference models (p. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p.. the file does not exist. 3. if it uses different measurement units).. Open a Tekla Structures model. button to browse for the reference model file. 4. Set the scale of the reference model. see Adding properties.inp file. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. See also Reference models (p. 2. 2. 6. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties.

Reference models (p.. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model..Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.3dd) WebViewer (. Click File > Reference Model List.. 2. switch. 2.. Click File > Reference Model List. Click Reload all.. See also Reference models (p. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. See also Click File > Reference Model List. but the changes are rarely documented. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. you can highlight them. To highlight a reference model: 1. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. Reference models (p.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box.xml) 3D DWG (. To update all reference models: 1. 2.. See also Reference models (p. Select a reference model from the list.ifc) Cadmatic (. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 2.

To view reference model layers: 1. 4. 3. 2. Double-click the reference model. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse.To view changes in a reference model: 1. select Inserted to see the added objects. For example. See also Reference models (p.. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model.. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Double-click the reference model. button next to the Old file name field. Click Display.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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button next to the Profile field. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 51) Steel parts (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 53) User-defined profiles (p. parametric. A parametric profile.. and user-defined profiles. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 2.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. 53) Parametric profiles (p.. 52) Standard profiles (p. 66) Concrete parts (p. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. Icon Description A standard profile. click the Select. When you create or modify a part. • For steel parts. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify.

• 3. so you should not edit them. click the button next to the Shape field. See also Profiles (p. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. See also Profiles (p. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. X. select the Show all profiles check box. 4. • To see all the properties of profiles. use the Profile name list box. • 5. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. Click Apply or OK. 6. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. If you select a parametric profile. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. See also Profiles (p. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. environmentspecific profiles. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. Click Modify. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. select the Show details check box. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. See also Profiles (p. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. By default. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. and *. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. For concrete parts. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. the profile catalog contains standard. /. Select a profile from the list. • To select a recently used profile. For example.

6. they can be former names. • To see all the properties of materials. 3. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. or names used in different countries or standards. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. For example. select the Show details check box. • 4.. partial safety factors. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. porosity. See also Materials (p. 2. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. such as strengths. Optional: Define what material information you want to see.Materials When you create or modify a part. including the modulus of elasticity. select the Show aliases check box. next to the Material field. Select a material from the list. 5. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis.. The Select Material dialog box appears. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. For example. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. Click Modify. Poisson’s ratio. and thermal dilatation coefficient. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. and so on. Click Apply or OK. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. Click Select. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. or country-specific properties. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names.

In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. When drawings of the parts are created. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. or lists. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used.. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . or in projects. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Attributes can consist of numbers. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. text. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part..

You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults... and Moment User field 1.. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. user-defined attributes. 3. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. Each end of a part can have a different connection code.. Select the Part label check box. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. In the Display dialog box. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. go to the Advanced tab. 2. See also Part properties (p... When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. See also Part properties (p. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1.4 Connection code Can be used. Click Display. User-defined fields.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. Tension. 4. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels.

you position it by picking points. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. See also Moving a part using handles (p. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. 58) Part positioning tips (p. the rest are magenta. Click Modify. Select the part. 7. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. The Part label dialog box appears. b Click Add. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. If Drag and Drop is switched on.2 Part position When you create a part. 3. Tekla Structures displays the handles. 56) 3. The points form the part reference line. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. The handle of the first end point is yellow. See also Part position (p. Move the part like any other object. Select the handles. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. When you select a part. a Select a property in the Properties list. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. Part labels (p. just drag the part to a new position. 6. for example. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. 2.5. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points.

Click Display. To change the rotation angle. 2. On the Position tab. See also Position on the work plane (p. 2.. See also Click View > View Properties. • • • To change the overall position of the part. enter a value in the corresponding box. To change the Angle. Click Modify.. Part position (p. For example. 4. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box..Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. use the round selection dial. 3. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. The object moves in the model accordingly. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. modify the desired position settings. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. select the Part reference line check box. or Depth offset. Click in the Mini Toolbar. On the Advanced tab. Modify the settings. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. Hold down Shift to override this. 3. to open the Display dialog box. Click and drag to select a position.. Click Modify and OK. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. 2. Plane offset.

you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . To do this. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane.Rotation (p. 63) Levels (p. 62) End offsets (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 61) Horizontal position (p. 59) Position depth (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 64) Bending (p. 60) Vertical position (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. perpendicular to the work plane.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation.

58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . relative to its reference point.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.

relative to its reference line. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . You can enter positive and negative values.

58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. not at the level you picked. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . you can enter the positions of the part ends. In this example. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. relative to the picked point. you must modify their bottom level position. Use to define the position of the second end. To position the upper columns correctly.

the less angular the part appears. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Alternatively.Top level = 1000. you need to specify the number of segments. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . for example a curved beam. You can also define the plane of curvature. which is relative to the current work plane. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius.

See also Creating a steel column (p. 58) 3.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 68) Creating a contour plate (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. Pick the position of the column. 3. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. Click the Create column icon. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 2.

To create a steel polybeam: 1. Click the Create polybeam icon. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. Click the Create beam icon. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. Pick the end point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . 4. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 3. See also Steel beam properties (p. 2. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 3. Pick the starting point.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. 218) Levels (p. You can also create bent plates with this command. 2. See also Steel column properties (p. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties.

65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 106) Steel beam properties (p. 2. Pick the starting point again. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 5. Optional: To create curved segments. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. Click the Create contour plate icon. Pick the starting point. Click the Create curved beam icon. 5.4. 4. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 4. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. To create a contour plate: 1. 2. Pick a point on the arc (2). 3. Pick the starting point (1). See also Steel beam properties (p. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Pick the end point (3). the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 218) Bending (p.

6. from the list box. 69) Contour plate properties (p. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. Click Modify. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1.. 2. See also Creating a contour plate (p. 219) Chamfers (p. 3. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Select the plate. 3. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 2. Pick the position of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 .See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 5. 7. 68) Contour plate properties (p. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box.. 4.

To create a twin steel profile: 1. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. By default. Pick the end point. 2.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. 4. or by joining assemblies together. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. Pick the starting point. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. See also Twin profile properties (p. 221) 3. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. You can change the main part in an assembly. See also Creating an assembly (p. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 3.

Creating an assembly (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 2. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies.Exploding an assembly (p. Assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 2. 3. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 76) Assembly examples (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active.

Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 4. 3. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 2. Using welds to create assemblies (p. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 2. select As sub-assembly. You can create workshop welds and site welds.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 4. select As sub-assembly. Click Apply or OK. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. 6. 5. Assemblies (p. 6. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. 5. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. Pick the bolt group origin. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 3. Click Apply or OK. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. 7. In the Connect part/assembly list box. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. When you connect assemblies. In the Connect part/assembly list box. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 74) Joining assemblies (p. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. To work with nested assemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. from single parts and bolts. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. See also Assemblies (p. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. through the basic and sub-assemblies.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies.

etc. 4. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. 3. and still produce dimensions. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. 4. for all assembly levels. Adding objects to assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Select the assembly to add to. 2. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. fabrication information. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 3. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. marks. 2. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. Select the part you want to add. Select the assembly to add to.

Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Select the new main part. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Assemblies (p. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 4. 2. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. You can change the main assembly at any time. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Select the new main assembly. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. See also Changing the main assembly (p. Select the assemblies you want to join. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. c Select the assembly. 2. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1.

Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. 2. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu.main part Concrete . The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. See also Assemblies (p.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. and then attached to the column in another workshop. always starting from the highest level. • To only explode the sub-assembly. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . To explode an assembly: 1. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.main part Steel part . Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column.

and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves.Drawing 2. See also Creating a pad footing (p. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. 78) Creating a strip footing (p.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Assemblies (p. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly.

3. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. See also Strip footing properties (p. 4. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the pad footing position. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. 2.Creating a concrete slab (p. 3. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Click the Create pad footing icon. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Click the Create concrete column icon. Double-click the end point. Click the Create strip footing icon. chamfer the corners of the footing. 3. See also Pad footing properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 5. Pick the position of the column. 2. 2.

Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 3. 2. Optional: To create curved segments. 2. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . Pick the starting point. 4. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Pick the end point. See also Concrete beam properties (p. Double-click the end point. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. Click the Create concrete beam icon. 3.See also Concrete column properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 5. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon.

225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. 4. Pick the starting point again. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. from the list box. To create a concrete slab: 1. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 6. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 5. 3. 2. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 7. 5. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click Modify. 4. 3. Select the slab. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. Click the Create concrete slab icon. See also Creating a round slab (p. 2. Pick the starting point. Pick the corner points of the slab.

chamfer the corners of the panel. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. You can change the main part in a cast unit.See also Creating a concrete slab (p.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 4. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. For example. 5. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Double-click the end point. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. Cast units can include reinforcement. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. as well as concrete parts. See also Creating a cast unit (p. 104) 3. 3. 2. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . Optional: To create curved segments. 225) Chamfers (p. each part is considered a separate cast unit. By default. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p.

Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. Adding objects to cast units (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. 4. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. Select an object in the cast unit. See also Cast units (p. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. 3. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. Cast units (p. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 83) Casting direction (p. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 2. 3. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. This applies to anything that is not concrete. such as steel parts and insulation. 4. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 3. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. Adding objects to cast units (p. Select the new main part. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. 2. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2. Select the objects you want to add. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p.

To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Go to the Cast unit tab. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. select Precast or Cast in place.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . In the Cast unit type list box. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. Cast units (p. Cast units (p. Click Modify to save the changes. 4. 3. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Select the objects you want to remove. 2. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. 2. 2. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. 2.main part Concrete . The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Cast units (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit.main part Steel part . Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit.See also Adding objects to cast units (p.

Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 3. See also Casting direction (p. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. 2. See also Select a concrete part. Casting direction (p. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. To hide the top-in-form face again. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. Select a concrete part. See also Cast units (p. 2.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 85) Holes (p. 104) Combining parts (p. 117) 4. 89) Welds (p. 116) Splitting parts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures.1 Bolts To create bolts.

86) Bolt group position (p. 7. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 85) Bolt properties (p. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 5. Explode the component. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. 2. Select the secondary parts. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. washers. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. 3. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 2. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 4. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. Select the main part. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 6. and nuts) while creating holes. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Modify the bolt group. Pick a point. 87) Bolt offsets (p. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. which is the bolt group origin. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Bolts (p. 227) Bolt group shape (p. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. 3. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. See also Apply a component.

in the y direction of the bolt group. Number of bolts. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. x coordinate of each bolt. from the bolt group point of origin. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. in the x direction of the bolt group. Diameter of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . y coordinate of each bolt.

2. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. 3. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. 5. type 0. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. Bolts (p. The starting point values Dx. Click Apply to save the changes. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Under Bolt group. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. relative to the bolt group x axis. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. select Array from the Shape list box. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. 85) Bolt properties (p. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 4.

Optional: Modify the hole properties. When prompted. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . 89) Creating oversized holes (p. 2. 4. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. Holes (p. 3. 5. See also Bolts (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 2. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. 90) Creating slotted holes (p.1. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 85) 4. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. Before creating holes. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. reselect the main and secondary parts.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. If you do not want to create any bolts. Click Apply to save the changes. To create round holes: 1.

89) Creating a bolt group (p. To indicate which parts should be slotted. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. Follow the instructions on the status bar. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. 2.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 4. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. select Slotted. For example. If you do not want to create any bolts. See also Click Apply to save the changes. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. Holes (p. In the Hole type list box. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. 5. 8. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 3. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box.

this is the main part of the assembly. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 4. 3. In the Hole type list box. 94) Weld preparation (p. 86) 4. Optional: Modify the weld properties. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Holes (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 5. Click Apply to save the changes. 2. 3.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. If you are creating a workshop weld. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 7. 2. 6. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. select Oversized. If you are creating a workshop weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . If you do not want to create any bolts. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p.1. In the Oversize field. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 4. Select the part to be welded. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. without connecting any other parts. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Select the part to weld to. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. or use a component that automatically creates welds.

91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. y. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 229) Weld position (p. or z). 91) Weld properties (p.

Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 5. Select the part to be welded. Select the part to weld to. 3. this is the main part of the assembly. If you are creating a workshop weld. 2.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. pick the points you want the weld to go through. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 4. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. or alternatively. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Pick the starting and end point.

You can either prepare a part for welding manually. use the SPD profile. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. 3. Select the part that you want to weld. See also Welds (p.See also Welds (p. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. Select the part that you want to cut. 2. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. without connecting any other parts: 1. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. or alternatively. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. 4. 2. or apply a component that does it automatically. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. pick the points you want the weld to go through. Pick the starting and end point. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. See also Welds (p.

Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part.g. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . When you redefine the properties of a part (e. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. and tiles. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. 94) 4. you change the size of a part).4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts.3. When you create overlapping surface treatments. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. Select the cutting part. for example. surface mixes.

to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 2. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. In the At depth list box. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 6. 8. 4..See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 5. to select a material from the catalog. select the specific surface treatment. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. In the Type list box. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. In the Surface treatment name list box. Click the Select.. select Tile surface from the Type list box. select the location of the surface treatment. b On the Pattern tab. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p.. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. Front. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 9. 7. The options are Middle. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . and Behind. 3.. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. See also Surface treatment (p. See also Surface treatment (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. select the type of surface treatment to use. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p.

See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 4. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 3. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. 2. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 3. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 2. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. b Select the part face. 2. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 4. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 2. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Pick the direction. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. b Select the part face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 3.

The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. bottom.5. or right). Adding surface treatment to parts (p. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. left.

96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.dat file using any text editor. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 .. Open the product_finishes. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. The file is located in the .The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. To create new surface treatment options: 1. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.

Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. Open the TilePatternCatalog.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. 4. See also Add rows to define new options.. The file is located in the . Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. 2. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. For example. For example.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. MF for Magnesium Float. a Define the surface treatment type. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1.xml file using any text editor. Surface treatment (p. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. Save the file. See also Surface treatment (p. Magnesium Float. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". For example. 100) Example pattern definition (p. 1 for concrete finish. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

103) Tile pattern elements (p. 100) Example pattern definition (p. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . 4. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. Save the TilePatternCatalog. Other elements are optional. Tiled surface treatment (p. 3. and then modify it to suit your needs.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define.xml file.xml file. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog.

You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .xml file.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.

bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. herringbone. Located in the .. TilePatternCatalog.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. For example.xml file.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. Located in the . Filenames identify the pattern types.xml file. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .

The individual tiles used in a tile pattern.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. Required. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. 115) Combining parts (p. Required. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. Optional. Optional. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. In Tekla Structures. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. The origin of an individual tile. and concrete panels). Color of the tile or mortar. concrete slabs. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. See also Chamfers (p. practical. 116) Splitting parts (p.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. 113) Cambering parts (p. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). 100) 4. 108) Cuts (p. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. steel and concrete polybeams. At least one required. Required. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. Tile pattern element. 104) Fittings (p. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. defined from the origin of the pattern. and manufacturing reasons. Optional. Required. Optional. you can chamfer part corners and part edges.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . Chamfers (p. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. See also Select the part. 3. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 5. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. Modify the chamfer properties. You can modify the default chamfers. which does not change the geometry of the part. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Click Modify.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 2. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 4. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers.

105) Polybeam chamfers By default. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can modify the default chamfers.

Select the part you want to chamfer. 5. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 4. b Modify the chamfer properties. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . 3. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. 2. See also Chamfering part corners (p.

232) Chamfers (p. details. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 2. 3. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. See also Edge chamfer properties (p.6. perpendicular to the view plane. 104) Creating a fitting (p. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. 4. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. and so on. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. which passes through the cutting line you pick. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. which makes it easier to create connections. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick the second point of the cutting line. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. c Click OK.

In situations like this. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. For more information on how to change this. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. see Fittings affect NC data. You must create cuts in a plane view. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. See also Fittings (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end.

Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. You can cut parts that already have cuts. for example. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. This can be useful.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away.

112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. 109) Line cuts (p. 5. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 2. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 3. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 3. 5.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. To close the polygon. See also Cuts (p. 109) Polygon cuts (p. Cuts (p. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. For example. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 4. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 4. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. Select the part you want to cut. To cut a part with a line: 1. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. 2. Select the part you want to cut. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. Pick the side you want to remove.

5. 4. 3. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. 3). To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 6. 4. Select the cutting part. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Select the part you want to modify. contour plates. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. 109) Part cuts (p. Pick an existing corner (1). a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. 2. Pick the corner to remove (5). concrete slabs. concrete panels.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. To cut a part with another part: 1. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. 3. Pick another existing corner (4). 2. The part cut does not affect other parts. Alternatively. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. See also Cuts (p. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. and strip footings. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. Delete the cutting part.

relative to the part reference line. Click OK to close the dialog box. In the Start field. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. See also Warping concrete parts (p. use the dz2 field. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . Go to the Deforming tab. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. For example. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. • 3. Move the chamfers. 2. Fine-tuning part shape (p. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. 2. use the dz1 field. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. 6. In the End field. Click Modify to warp the beam. 3. 5.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. Modify the chamfer properties. relative to the part reference line. Click Modify to warp the slab. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start.

Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. For example. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. 5. 8. Click OK to close the dialog box. type a value in the appropriate direction field. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm.Linear dialog box. In the Move . Select the chamfer you want to move. To see the warping angle of a single slab. which warps the slabs. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. and go to the Deforming tab. 6. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. For example.4. 2. 4. Click Move. 7.

113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. 104) Cambering a part (p. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. Go to the Deforming tab. Cambering affects the position of cuts. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. In the Cambering field. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 2. define the degree of camber. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. including the template output. When drawings are created. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. Click Modify. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. in other words. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. and embeds in the model. 4. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 .See also Warping concrete parts (p. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. skews. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. Cambering parts (p. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings.

116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. 115) 4. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 3. In the Shortening field. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. See also Combining two parts into one (p. Click Modify. 3. Go to the Deforming tab. When you select the parts you want to combine. Go to the Deforming tab. 4. For example. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. In the Shortening field. Click Modify. enter a negative value. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. define the degree of shortening.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 4. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. 2.

the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. 2. Select the part you want to attach. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . 3. You can use splitting with straight parts. Select the part to attach to. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part.1. Select the second part. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. 116) 4. See also Combining parts (p. When you combine parts. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Click Edit > Combine. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. You cannot split polybeams. curved beams without offsets. 2. 3. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Select the first part. Combining parts (p.

Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Splitting parts (p. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. welds or surface treatments. check the result after splitting. 4.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. If you split contour plates that have bolts. Click Edit > Split. Select the part you want to split. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. 2. and on the same side of the part. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. Select the part you want to split. 2. 3. Splitting parts (p. Pick a point for the dividing line. See also Click Edit > Split. 3. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p.

124) Creating a screenshot (p. or a combination of both. 119) Inquiring the model (p. You can use a mouse. 122) Flying through the model (p. 142) 5. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. See also Zooming the model (p. 135) Checking the model (p. you can move and rotate the model. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. Scroll forward to zoom in. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 121) Moving the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. and backward to zoom out.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 119) Rotating the model (p. 128) Visualizing project status (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. or pull out for a wider view.

Place the mouse pointer over the model. 2. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. select Wire frame. see the corresponding menu tooltip. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. 2. See also Viewing the model (p. Zooming the model (p. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. For more information on each command. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. Create a zoom window. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. press Page Up. b In the View type list box. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p.If you do not have a wheel mouse. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. c Click Modify. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. If this option is off. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. • See also To zoom out. Open a wire frame view of the model. press Page Down.

menu commands. In wire frame views. Click the Magnifier icon. 4. To rotate the model. To change the level of magnification. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse.e 3. zoom in and out in the zoom window. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . See also Zooming the model (p. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. and then drag the pointer to size the window. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. keyboard shortcuts. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. As you move the pointer in the general view.

See also Rotation settings (p.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Pick a position in the view. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. and then pick a position in the view. 3. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 2. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. 2. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. For more information on each command. press v. Click Modify. 2. To relocate the center of rotation. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Press Ctrl + R. Define a specific rotation angle 1. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 3. 213) Viewing the model (p.

To change the camera angle. drag the mouse in the desired direction.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Set view projection to Perspective. you can travel through a model. You can also adjust the field of view setting. Click View > Fly. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward.. 5. 3. or Shift+M. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. To stop panning. down. > Model View. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. c Click OK. b In the Projection list box. 4. Move the model using the Pan command 1. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. Use the up. 3. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. • To change the flying direction. scroll with the mouse wheel. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. To fly through a model: 1. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. 2. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. press Esc. left and right arrows on the keyboard. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . The arrow indicates the current flying direction. select Perspective. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. Select a view. c Click Modify. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. To activate the middle button pan. • • To move up or down.. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. 2. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning.

or the entire Tekla Structures window. To finish creating clip planes. 2. Viewing the model (p. view. Click View > Create Clip Plane. 5. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . You can use screenshots in posters. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. Select a plane. See also To delete a clip plane. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p.. 2. To stop flying. 4. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. To create a clip plane: 1. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. press Esc. 6.• 6. press Esc. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom.. To move a clip plane. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. brochures. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1.

. Under Capture. select View. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. 2. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. select Main Frame. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. To capture the active view without borders. Set the desired properties and click OK. select View without Borders. 4. click Pick view and select a view. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. Click Options. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom.bmp format. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. To print a screenshot: 1. Click Capture. 6. 125) Screenshot settings (p. 4. Creating a screenshot (p.3.bmp) format to use it. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. 2. Click Capture. the screenshot commands might not always work properly.png) files.. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . 5. select Dialog. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. select Rendered view. Select Place on clipboard.. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. as a custom component thumbnail. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. Creating a screenshot (p. To capture the active view. See also Creating a screenshot (p. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. 7. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista.. for example. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. 3...

rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. By default. Select a part. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window.5. See also Inquiring object properties (p. 126) Object property report templates (p. Select an object. or a group of objects. see the Template Editor user documentation. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. 2. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object.. See also Inquiring the model (p. weight. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. See also Inquiring object properties (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. For more information on how to use templates. within the model. See also Inquiring the model (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. and length of the selected model object.. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. the tool shows the total area. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click Tools > Inquire > Object. To inquire object properties: 1. 2.

or MIN) from the list box.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list.config file in the .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. click Edit.. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. • To modify the calculated attributes. Use the InquiryTool..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button.. • To change the order of the attributes. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. 2. By default. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+.. *. • To remove attributes from the tool window..config file: 1. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. Change the position number of the new attribute. -. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. • To create new calculated attributes. click Add…. Open the InquiryTool. AVERAGE. MAX. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. Click Manage contents. the file contains 65 attributes.config file in any standard text editor.. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 .. use the Up and Down buttons.. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. • To add more attributes to the tool window. 3. 2.. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.lst file located in the .. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. To modify the default attributes. • 4. edit the InquiryTool. The file is located in the . For example. and /) to form equations. 3. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box.

When you redraw a view. Click Display. DISPLAY_NAME. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Showing and hiding objects (p.. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. 132) Object representation settings (p.4. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. 5. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. 128) Representation options (p. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. 128) Display settings (p. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. to open the Display dialog box. UNIT. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. DATATYPE. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. Save the file. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 132) Object groups (p. For example. 6. 216) Representation options In rendered views. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. Modify the NAME.lst file. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. 2.. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. 3. 126) 5.

e. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i. In this example. Example In this example. component objects are displayed as Rendered.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. surfaces are not.e. parts are transparent. underlying parts are not visible. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. and their surfaces are shaded. i. Parts are transparent.

.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. for example. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts.e. To hide selected parts: 1. This can be useful.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them.. Click View > Hide Part.. 3. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. This option is useful. i. for example. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Other parts are almost completely transparent.5 and Shift+1. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Select the parts you want to hide. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. Showing and hiding objects (p.. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. • • See also To make the parts visible again. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. when viewing clash check results in a large model. parts are not transparent. To completely hide the parts. 2. The parts are shown as sticks.

Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . To completely hide the unselected parts. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Click View > Redraw All. and other details belonging to the assembly. fittings. To display a part with exact lines: 1. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Hide an assembly 1.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 3. Select the assembly you want to hide. 3. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. To clear the exact lines effect. Right-click and select Redraw View. 2. cuts. Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. 2. To make the parts visible again. To show the unselected parts as sticks. bolts. click View > Redraw All. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. 4. welds. The unselected parts become almost transparent. See also Select the part. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. Showing and hiding objects (p. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines.

Click View > Redraw All. 128) Creating an object group (p. 4. welds.. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 3. Modify the object group settings. type a value or select one from the model. a Click Add row. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. 2. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. See also Showing and hiding objects (p.Representation dialog box. and Condition list boxes. Click Object group. b Select options from the Category. 128) Refreshing views (p. 133) Deleting an object group (p. 2. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. Property. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 133) Visualizing project status (p. d Add more rows. 128) Refreshing views (p. to open the Object Group .See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. Right-click and select Redraw View.. Select the component you want to hide. c In the Value list box. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p.. and other details belonging to the component. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1..

5. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Select the object group you want to copy. Restart Tekla Structures. 2. 2. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder.PObjGrp. Object groups have the file name extension *. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. Restart Tekla Structures.PObjGrp. and they have the file name extension *. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. Select where you want to copy the object group. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . • To make an object group available in all models. For example. 6. copy the file to the system folder. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. Object groups (p. See also Object groups (p. Click Save as to save the object group. • To make an object group available in another model. 3. Object groups (p.

135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 3. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. Click Add row. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. 4. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 2. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 8. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. 9. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. To create object representation settings: 1. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. If an object belongs to several object groups. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue.. 5.. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 7. 6.

Select the object representation settings you want to copy. 3. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 133) Color settings (p. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p.rep. Select where you want to copy the settings. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Object representation settings (p. Object representation settings (p. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. 213) Transparency settings (p. • To make the settings available in all models. copy them to the system folder. See also Creating a visualization (p. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. See also Object representation settings (p. 2. Restart Tekla Structures. Apply. and they have the file name extension *.rep. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. • To make the settings available in another model. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . or OK. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. To create project status visualizations. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. For example. 133) 5. 2. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules.

a In the Object representation list box. 6. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider.rep) and object group files (*. c Define the length of the time step. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Visualizing project status (p.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. select one of the predefined object representation settings. 3. 4. and they have the file name extension *. copy them to the system folder. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. • To make the settings available in all models. Restart Tekla Structures. 4. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. 5. 3. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*.. To view the visualization in the model.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly.4d. See also Visualizing project status (p. click the step buttons. 2. Select where you want to copy the settings. Modify the visualization settings. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. 2. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.4d. • To make the settings available in another model. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 2. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. See also Visualizing project status (p. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *.

. To create the object group: 1. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. See also Click Modify. To make it easier to select parts. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 ... to open the Object Representation dialog box. Click View > Representation > Object representation. 7. select INSTALL_PLAN. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. select Object. See also Visualizing project status (p. Click User-defined attributes. 6. c In the Condition list box... select Select date. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date.. Click Object group. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. 3. 8. to open the Object Group . To define an erection schedule: 1. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. 4. After that. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. 2. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. e Select Review date and click OK. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p.. 3. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. a In the Category list box. select Earlier than or equal. On the Status tab. b In the Property list box. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example.In the following example. d In the Value list box. The Select Date dialog box appears. Visualizing project status (p. 2. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. Finally. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts.Representation dialog box.. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p.

plan_same_or_before_review_date. 133) Visualizing project status (p. you will create project status visualization settings. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. Click Save as. 137). scheduled_erection_date. select Hidden. c In the Color list box. 132) Visualizing project status (p.4. For example. enter a name for the object representation settings. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. For example. d In the Transparency list box. 6.. enter a name for the visualization. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. a Click Add row. enter a name for the group. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. In the box next to the Save as button. In the Object representation list box. select the object group All. In the box next to the Save as button. to open the Object Representation dialog box. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p.. 2. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 4. a Click Add row. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. select the object group you just created. 7. 5. Define the length of the time step. d In the Transparency list box. 5. 2. 138). 3. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. To create visualization settings: 1. Click Save as. To create object representation settings: 1. b In the Object group list box. See also Object groups (p.. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. c In the Color list box. select Color by class.. select Visible. 3. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. 5. b In the Object group list box. 4. In the box next to the Save as button. select Color by class. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. See also Object representation settings (p.

The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . 4. To visualize the erection schedule: 1.. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. click the step buttons. To view the visualization in the model. 2. In the list box next to the Load button. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. 3. Click Load.. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool.See also Visualizing project status (p. 138).

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

143) Detecting clashes (p. See also Measuring objects (p.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. it is useful to check the model for errors.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 149) Finding distant objects (p. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 135) 5.

the distance between two points and between bolts. Select a part. To measure bolt spacing: 1. Pick the starting point. Pick the starting point. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. 2. All measurements are temporary. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Measuring objects (p. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . Select a bolt group. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. 3. See also Measuring distances (p. 2. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. 5. 4. 3. 4.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 3. 143) Measuring angles (p. For more information on each command. Measuring objects (p. Pick the end point. Pick the center point. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Pick the end point. see the corresponding menu tooltip.

149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Finding clashes in a model (p. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. or reference model objects that collide.See also Measuring objects (p. bolts. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model.

You can continue working during the clash check. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. 2. To locate the colliding objects.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Click Tools > Clash Check. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . 3. Select the objects you want to check. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. you can choose whether to continue checking. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. If colliding objects are found. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. or stop checking. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. select a row in the clash check log. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model.

Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. See also To highlight a clash in the model. If the object has been modified (for example. 4. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. 2. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . To see which properties have an effect. Clash Check Manager (p. A check mark it is visible. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. When you re-run clash check. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. 5. The clash is not new. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. 1. resolved. 3.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. if the profile has changed). or missing. double-click a row. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. right-click one of the column headings. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. You can continue working during the clash check. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. Click to check the objects. 2. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. select a row in the list of clashes. Only certain object properties affect this flag. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. In the model. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. modified. When the clash check is complete.

. Click OK. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 3. 3. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. In Clash Check Manager. 2. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. Click . the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. 2. In the Open dialog box. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. 2. select the clashes whose status you want to change. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . 3. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. In Clash Check Manager. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. See also Clash Check Manager (p. select a session. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check.

the clearance will be zero.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. Click Tools > Options > Options. enter a new name. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. In the Options dialog box. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time.. 2. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. Click In the Save As dialog box. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. By default. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. If you clear the check boxes. Modify the bolt clearance values. If the fields are empty. 5. In the File name box. go to the Clash check page.To Save the active session Do this Click .. icon. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. 5. 3. Click Apply or OK. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. Click Save. See also Clash Check Manager (p.00. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. Save as. 4.. 3.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

For example. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project.. To save time. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . P1002. If you do this. Example For example. 154) Family numbers (p. . you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. such as plates. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. P1003. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. When you run numbering. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1..The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. Planning your numbering series (p. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts.

2. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. Under Numbering series. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 3. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. Go to the Family numbering tab. This can be used. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. define a part prefix and a start number. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. Under Compare. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. 4. Click Modify. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. go to the Cast unit tab.. 2. b Select a numbering series from the list. When you use family numbering. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. Defining numbering series (p. 4. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. However. for example..1. and then click Add. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. 3. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. they get unique qualifier numbers. See also Defining numbering series (p.

clear the existing numbers. Optional: Modify the numbering settings.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. See also Family numbers (p.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. Click Assign. For more information on each command. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. only one family number per series is assigned. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If you select all the check boxes. 155) Clearing numbers (p.Select at least one check box. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. See also Defining numbering series (p. 4. Family numbers (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. If you do not select any check boxes. Click Apply. c Click Apply or OK. Update numbering in the model. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. but not all of them. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box.. 5. 3. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip.. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. b Modify the settings. 2. 7. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. In the Assign Family Number dialog box.. 161) 6. 6. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. If a series overlaps another. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap..

See also Numbering objects (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. In this case you should renumber the parts. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. However. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. 158) Changing numbers (p. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. 158) Control numbers (p. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. If you add new parts.See also Numbering settings (p. the x coordinate. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. 159) Clearing numbers (p. The default start number is 1. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. However. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . for example. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p.

If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. With negative directions (such as -X). according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. their z coordinates are also compared. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. Second direction is Y. See also Numbering objects (p. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. For example. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). if First direction is -X. the sort order is X Y Z. 2. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. Example In the following example. When you assign control numbers. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. Numbering objects (p.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. their y coordinates are also compared. See also Select the parts. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. and Third direction is Z.

6. For example. In the Renumber list box. To only consider specific parts. b In the Step value field. 8. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. See also Control numbers (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. 5. 3. 2.. do not select any parts in the model. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. specify which parts get control numbers. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . or family numbers after you run numbering. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. Indicate which parts to consider. to assign the control numbers 2. assembly. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command.. In the Numbering list box. and then click Create. 8. 2. select the parts. 5. 7. number the model. or specific parts. 4. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. multi-position. • To consider all parts in the model. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers.See also Numbering objects (p. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. Click Apply. Click Apply. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. 11. a In the Start number of control numbers field. Define the control numbers to be used. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. do not select any parts. type the first control number to be used. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. 158) Control number settings (p. and then click Create. define the interval. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. etc. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. This command does not change the numbering series. 4. select the parts in the model. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part.. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. See also Control numbers (p. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. In the Status list box. • 3.

Click Assign. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. Set the desired properties. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. 2. See also Numbering objects (p. Select an object. For more information on each command. See also Numbering objects (p. 2. 4. To clear the position numbers: 1. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. This is for information only and the number is still changed. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. If the number you specified is already in use.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. To create a standard-part model: 1. 3. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. irrespective of what their previous numbers were.1. This functionality only applies to steel parts. Next time you run numbering. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model .

> Numbering. Explode all components. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. see Numbering history log. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file.. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. STD2.For example. 13. 5. 4. Click Check for standard parts and Apply.. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 .. and so on). 11. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. StandardParts. See also Numbering objects (p. See also Numbering objects (p. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History.. especially before producing drawings or reports. Number the model. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. Open another model. 2.. If you have selected the Part name check box. STD1.. 12. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 156) 6. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 156) 6. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. 7. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. 10. For information on how to interpret the log file.. Delete all unnecessary items. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 9. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Save the standard-part model. 3. 8..6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then.

Number the model. Unless you want to repair the entire model. 2. Number the model. 156) Changing numbers (p.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Modify one of the beams. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1.2. 4. 3. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 5. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. See also Numbering objects (p. 5. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. All the beams have the part position number P1. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. Number the model. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. To number identical beams: 1. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 4. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 159) 6. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. 6. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts.

Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. All beams have the same profile. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. The parts have the same main profile. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. and each pair has the same length. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . but each pair has a different length. but the holes are different.

10. 3. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. Before you start. 2. divide the model into phases. 9. Create steel columns. and another one for steel columns.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 4. 5. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. To number parts in selected phases: 1. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. 8. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered.. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. Select one of the steel columns in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 7. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Select the Column orientation check box. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 6.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. and then click Apply. and then click Apply.

All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered.. 5. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 .• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. and then click Apply. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. Modify the numbering settings. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Select one of the parts you want to number. 7. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. For example. Select the parts you want to number. 4. 6. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. 3.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping.

you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 164) General numbering settings (p.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing.

176) Sketched cross sections (p.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. lots. and erection sequences. 167) Phases (p. 171) Sequences (p. 174) Parametric modeling (p. for example. You can classify information according to your needs. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. 181) 7. and categorize object types. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. based on purchasing contracts. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . 172) Lotting (p.

168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. See also Creating logical areas (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p.

create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. In the model. 5. b Click New Object Type. and select Add Selected to Category. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . a Right-click Logical Areas. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. c Click New Section. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). 3. select the area for the section or the story. Click Tools > Model Organizer. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. Click Tools > Model Organizer.. 4. In Model Organizer. 4. To make it easier to view and select parts. 2.. Create object type categories. See also In Model Organizer. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . d Click New Story. In large projects...To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. 2. right-click the selected section or story. In the model.. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. b Click New Building. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. You can also create subtypes for object types. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). See also Organizing the model (p. 3. Organizing the model (p. Create a path structure. a Right-click Object Types..

1. Select the new area in the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 1. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. 3. See also Organizing the model (p. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . To show all objects again. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. 2. 2. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. See also Organizing the model (p. To show all objects again. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Drag the objects to another category. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. Drag the category to another location. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 1. Select the objects in the model. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 3. Right-click and select Remove from Category. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. 2. 2.

according to their phase number.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. the columns.. Right-click and select Delete. select the objects.. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. Click OK to save your changes. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences.. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. For example. a To identify the phase of an object.. 4. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. for example. and copy objects from other models. When a part of the model is completed. etc. 3. This is phase 1. 3. Click Tools > Phase Manager. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. 171) Custom phase properties (p. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. and then click Modify phase. select a phase from the list. 3. 5. Organizing the model (p. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. Click Add to create new phases. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. Divide the model into phases. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. From now on.. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. 4. You then copy this basic model to all users. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 .). You can create reports and views. 2. 167) 7. select an object and click Phases by objects. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. c Phases (p.. 2. hide objects. Click OK to confirm. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. First create a basic model that includes. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types.

you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. "0. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. none. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence.inp file. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. "0. 4. b In the Part attributes section. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. add a new user-defined attribute. and so on. To use phase properties in reports and templates. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.inp file in any standard text editor. MY_INFO_1. The first part gets the sequence number 1. 5. "%d". The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. no. use the syntax PHASE.inp file. 6. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. 171) 7. Creating a sequence (p. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. The value_type must be integer. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. See also Phases (p. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. 3. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. "My Info 1". If you click Yes. For example. the second part number 2. For example. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. Type a name for the sequence. a Open the objects. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. d Restart Tekla Structures. To finish adding parts to the sequence. integer. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. and the field_format must be %d. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p.inp file. c Save the file. You can define several sequences for different purposes. To create a new sequence: 1.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts.0") 2.Define the names of phase properties in the objects.0".ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. Click Apply.

172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. Select a sequence name from the list. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. To finish adding parts to the sequence.. See also Sequences (p. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. You cannot add new parts to a sequence.. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. Click Tools > Sequencer. To check the sequence of a part: 1. Select a part. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. For example. MY_INFO_1. 4. you must redefine the whole sequence.See also Sequences (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . Modify the sequence number. 4. If the sequence changes. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. 5.. Click Modify. 2. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part.. 2. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. See also Sequences (p. 3. For example: See also Sequences (p. Click User-defined attributes. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence.. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. 3. Click OK or Apply.

remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. With this information. In that case. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p.. Sequences (p. 3. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. 175) Deleting a lot (p. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. 5. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. For example. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 172) 7. To view the properties of a part. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model.2. Click Delete and then click Yes. 175) Sequences (p. 2. and material of the part. 3. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts.. See also Lotting (p. However. Type a lot number in the Number field. When you define lots. the weight is based on the size. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. Click Properties. Click Add. length. For example. 4. 6. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. See also Creating a lot (p. For most model parts. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties... See also Select a sequence name from the list.

Select an existing lot from the list. Lotting (p. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.. To add parts to a lot: 1. 4. Select an existing lot from the list. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. 4. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. 3. 3. 5. 5. Lotting (p. When you re-open the dialog box. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. 2. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Select an existing lot from the list. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Click Apply selected. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. Click Apply selected. 2. Click Delete. 3. Click Properties. 2.. Click OK to close the dialog box. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Click OK to close the dialog box. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. If you simply select parts. 4. When you hold down Shift. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. See also Lotting (p.

They can also include formulas. so that when you move the wall. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. including its geometry. or relationships.7. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . such as the name of a column. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. the column follows. location and relationship to other parts. For example. such as a beam or column. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. Create dependencies.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. Variables can define fixed properties. between model objects. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.. 176) Parametric profiles (p. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. the Sketch Browser. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. and how to use them in a model. 2. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . and the Variables dialog box. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p.. Open a Tekla Structures model. 53) 7. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.

Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. circles. and vice versa. arcs. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor.See also Sketch Browser (p. dimensions. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 182) Variables (p. constraints. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. tree-like structure.

Lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. arcs. or they can include formulas. Variables can define fixed properties. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 1... The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 1=Line . and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None.

arcs. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 184) Sketching an arc (p. such as a cold rolled section. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. and circles. Open the cross section sketch editor. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. Pick points to create each line segment. 185) Sketching a circle (p. 4. 2. To sketch a polyline: 1. Ensure that you create a closed shape. See also Sketching a polyline (p. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section.

Open the cross section sketch editor. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). 2. 2. To sketch an arc: 1. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. Open the cross section sketch editor. Pick three points to define the arc. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. To sketch a circle: 1. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 .See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2).

you can straighten lines. Select a line in the sketch (1). create 90 degree angles. 189) Deleting a constraint (p.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. close the shape. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. To straighten the entire profile. 3. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. Before you start. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Select another line in the sketch (2). you can still rotate the profile in the model. For example. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . force lines to meet. Although the shape is locked. and add chamfers in corners. To add a parallel constraint: 1.

To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. The lines do not have to intersect. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. The lines do not have to intersect. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select another line in the sketch (2). Before you start. Before you start. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. by extending or shortening one or both lines. 3. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Select a line in the sketch (1). Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. Pick the end of the second line. To add a fixed constraint: 1. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Pick the end of the first line (1). 2. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. See also Select a line in the sketch. 2). (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. 4. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2.1. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. 3. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2.

2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . 4. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. 2). Before you start. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 3. To add a vertical constraint: 1. Select the constraint you want to delete. Click Refresh. Select the lines you want to straighten (1.

Select the arc or circle. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. if you create the dimension marked in red. In the following example. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. Before you start. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. To add a radial dimension: 1.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). 3. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. To add an angle dimension: 1. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. If you are unable to see the angle symbol.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Select the first line (1). Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . between two points you pick. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. Select the second line (2). 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Click to show the part positioning planes. 3. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 2. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 4. Change the Value field. 2. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click Modify. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. 4. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Select the connection positioning planes. 3. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Select the part positioning planes. To revert to the default positioning planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click to show the connection positioning planes. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box.

bin file. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. 2. 5. Type a new name in the Prefix field. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 2. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. and then click OK. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. special characters. Click Save sketch . Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. and then click OK. Update an existing cross section 1. Type a name in the Prefix field. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. You cannot include numbers.4. Click Save sketch . Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. 2. for example. Click Save sketch as . 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder.db1 file. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. To save a sketched cross section. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. or blank spaces in the cross section name.

2. Double-click an object to modify its properties. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor.. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. Click Modify. 3. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . 6. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Modify the object properties. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. For example. To modify a chamfer: 1. 4. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. you can create rounded cross section corners. 5. 4. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. such as a cold rolled section. 7. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 5. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. See also next to their name. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. Close the object properties dialog box.. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 2. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer.

depending on the extrusion type. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. P1) after =. In the Sketch Browser. the profile grows inwards. In the Formula column. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. sketch an open polyline. Type the value of the thickness after =. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. outwards. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. or symmetrically in both directions. 4. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 1. In the cross section sketch editor. define the default value for the parameter variable. When you change the thickness. 2. or 2) after =. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 3. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . P1). b Type the extrusion type number (0.

click the Select. See also For concrete parts. Pick points to place the part in the model. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. • 3. 2. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. button next to the Profile field. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. 7. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. • For steel parts. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 .. 5. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. you are ready to use it in the model. 6. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. Click OK to apply the changes.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 4. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. click the button next to the Shape field. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline.. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. If you have applied constraints correctly.

for example Microsoft Paint.uel).bmp. 2. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . mysketch. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. Use the cross section name as the filename. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. 201) Creating a screenshot (p.. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. 3. 4. for example. Open the cross section sketch editor. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. 5. Save the image in bmp format in the .

hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. Click OK. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. 2. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 3. Select Sketched profiles from the list. 6.. Select the file to import. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Right-click and select Export.. 7. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. To automatically import all *. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model.bin file. from the pop-up menu.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. To import sketched cross sections: 1. Click OK. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. you need to import both the cross section and profile. 7. In the Export Components dialog box. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. 5. 4. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. browse for the folder. 2. Select the cross sections you want to export. 8. right-click and select Import. 3. By default. In the component list. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. or copy the profdb. To use profiles from a model. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. 6. In the Import Components dialog box. 5. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model..uel). 4. To export several cross sections.

you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . you will use the cross section in a model. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. Finally. Open the cross section sketch editor. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. When you use the profile in the model. After that. 2. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. At this stage. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3.

See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 4. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands.3.

h1. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p.2. 5. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and 3. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. h2. and h2. enter the following values for the distances: 4. command to create the distances h1. In the Variables dialog box. 198) Variables (p. Save the cross section. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3.

182) Cross section extrusion types (p. enter Chamfer. Variables (p. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. b In the Formula box. enter Thickness. 2. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. 3. See also Save the cross section.1. c In the Visiblity box. 3. b Right-click ExtrusionType. In the Variables dialog box. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline.00. 2. enter 10. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . In the Variables dialog box.00. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. do the following: . b In the Formula box. enter 20. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. and then enter =P1. c In the Visiblity box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. d In the Label in dialog box box. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. select Show. In the Sketch Browser. select Show. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. d In the Label in dialog box box. a Right-click Thickness. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box.

2.. and then enter =P2. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. Pick points to place the part in the model. For concrete parts. b Right-click Chamfer X. 5. Click OK to apply the changes. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .4. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. 5. click the Select. 6. click the button next to the Shape field. • For steel parts. 199) Variables (p. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. button next to the Profile field. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree.. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. and select the CSHAPE profile. 183) Sketch Browser (p. In the Sketch Browser. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. • 3. Open the Select Profile dialog box. See also Save the cross section. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. 4.

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

212) Point properties (p. 212) Rotation settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 227) Numbering settings (p. 233) 8. 211) Grid line properties (p. 213) Color settings (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 217) Detail properties (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 215) Part properties (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 211) View settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p. See also Grid properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 .

. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Option Phase The phase number..grid lines vertical to the work plane Y .. Grid lines (p. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. z is absolute). Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Select to bind objects to the grid line. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. Select to bind objects to grid lines.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines.. See also X . and z directions. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Grids (p. and z directions (x and y are relative. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. y. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. y.

You can filter objects by their ID numbers.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Defines the number of copies created. Option As is The current color is used. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. See also Object representation settings (p. The local (work plane) and global x. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Coordinates See also Points (p.Option Id The ID number. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. y. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Indicates the correct location of the point.Rotate and Move . The rotation angle between the original and new position. and z coordinates of a point. which is used in log files. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. All parts are colored according to their Class property. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy .

The Options. Object representation settings (p. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Option As is The current visibility. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Sets the line width. Object is not shown in the views. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. The height of the screenshot.. Object is transparent in rendered views.. the settings will be read from that object group. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. There are limitations to pixel density. Saves the screenshot to a file. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings.

See also View properties (p.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. When you zoom.. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). See also Views (p. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. text and point size remains the same... The projection type of rendered views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . Display. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. Opens the Object Group . The thickness of the displayed slice of model. In addition. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. 215) Display settings (p. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. Rotation is view-specific. as do text and points..See also Creating a screenshot (p. 124) 8. 215) Grid view properties (p. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. rotate the model. Which object group is displayed in the view. Visible object group Object group. You can zoom. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. or fly through it. The appearance of the model in the view. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D.. the zoom remains on part surfaces. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones..

or large parts of it. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. when viewing the entire model. Reference line shows parts as sticks. None does not create any views. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts.g. Some of these settings may affect system performance. Exact shows bolts. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. button displays the current view properties. no prefix is used. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. washers. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. The Show. This option increases display speed significantly. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Exact displays the cuts. This name overrides the name in the view properties. Each view plane has its own view properties.. e. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. If the View name prefix field is left empty.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. but skips cuts. PLAN +3000. See also Creating grid views (p. and nuts as solids. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges.. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used.

See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 222) Strip footing properties (p. Point size Defines the size of points in views.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. See also Steel column properties (p.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. This option is only available in wire frame views. 128) 8. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. 218) Contour plate properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. 218) Steel beam properties (p. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 220) Twin profile properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. 221) Pad footing properties (p. When using this option. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. In view does not increase the point size. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 223) Concrete column properties (p. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models.

The material of the column.clm. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. relative to its reference point. cambering.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. and to identify parts of the same type. e. with anti-corrosive paint. fire retardant coating. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. steel polybeam. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Warping. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The position of the column. Creating a steel column (p. For example. The type of finish. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The horizontal position of the column. The user-definable name of the column. The design information of the column.g. The support conditions of the column ends. hot galvanized. How the column is rotated around its axis. relative to its reference point. etc.prt. Class Used to group columns. The assembly mark series of the column. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. Finish is user-definable. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. and shortening of the column. It describes how the part surface has been treated. or curved beam. The analysis properties of the column. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column.

It describes how the part surface has been treated. The loading properties of the beam. etc. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. and shortening of the beam.cpl. The material of a beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. cambering. The analysis properties of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and to identify parts of the same type. hot galvanized. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . Creating a steel beam (p. The position of a beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. The position of a beam on the work plane. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The design information of the beam. Finish is user-definable. For example. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The assembly mark series of the beam. Warping. e. fire retardant coating. The finish type. The user-definable name of a beam. Class Used to group beams. with anti-corrosive paint. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. The support conditions of the beam ends.g.

68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. Profile The profile of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The analysis properties of the contour plate. Profile Material The profile of the beam. The user-definable name of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. e. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates.crs. The material of the beam. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and to identify parts of the same type. The loading properties of the plate. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. Creating a contour plate (p. fire retardant coating. The position of the contour plate. etc. It describes how the part surface has been treated.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The design information of the contour plate. hot galvanized. The format is PL+ thickness. Finish is user-definable. The spanning properties of the plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. in terms of depth. for example PL20. perpendicular to the work plane. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the contour plate. The finish type. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. and to identify parts of the same type. For example.g.

For example. with anti-corrosive paint. hot galvanized. e. The material of the beams. hot galvanized. relative to its reference point. The user-definable name of the twin profile. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. The type of finish. etc.dia. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. fire retardant coating. The analysis properties of the beam. fire retardant coating. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends. relative to its reference point. Finish is user-definable. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. and to identify parts of the same type. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. Class Used to group beams. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 .g. The horizontal position of the beam.Option Finish The finish type. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. with anti-corrosive paint. etc. Finish is user-definable. e. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. The position of the beam. The design information of the beam.g.

The vertical position of the pad footing. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The design information of the twin profile. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. The analysis properties of the twin profile. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. relative to its reference point.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. Creating a twin profile (p. relative to the beam’s reference line. in terms of depth. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The type of finish. e. It describes how the part surface has been treated. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing.cpf. Class Used to group pad footings. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The vertical clearance between the profiles. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Finish is user-definable. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . perpendicular to the work plane. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. with anti-corrosive paint. For example. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. Defines how the profiles are combined. hot galvanized. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. The beam position. The material of the pad footing. For example. The offsets of the ends of the beam.g.

User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The analysis properties of the strip footing. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The type of finish. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Class Used to group strip footings.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Creating a pad footing (p. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. e. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. hot galvanized. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. For example.csf. and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Finish is user-definable. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. with anti-corrosive paint. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The material of the strip footing. etc. relative to its reference point. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 .g. It describes how the part surface has been treated.

The support conditions of the column ends. Define the cast unit series of the column. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Creating a concrete column (p. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. cambering and shortening of the column. and to identify parts of the same type. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. The analysis properties of the column. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. fire retardant coating. Finish is user-definable. hot galvanized. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. Warping. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Class Used to group columns. with anti-corrosive paint. The type of finish. The material of the column. etc. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column.ccl. e.g. Creating a strip footing (p. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. The design information of the column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. For example. The design information of the footing. How much the column is rotated around its axis.

For example. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. etc. The beam position on the work plane.csl. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. hot galvanized. and to identify parts of the same type. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. cambering and shortening of the beam. Creating a concrete beam (p. relative to its reference line. e. fire retardant coating. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The design information of the beam. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam.cbm. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. The type of finish. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The loading properties of the beam. The analysis properties of the beam. The offsets of the ends of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable.g. Define the cast unit series of the beam. Warping. with anti-corrosive paint. The support conditions of the beam ends. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. The material of the beam. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Class Used to group beams.

The material of the panel. fire retardant coating. For example.g.cpn. For example.g. The design information of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Finish is user-definable. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Class Used to group panels. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. with anti-corrosive paint. The analysis properties of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. e. Class Used to group slabs. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Finish is user-definable. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). hot galvanized. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. etc.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. Define the cast unit series of the slab. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. The spanning properties of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. The material of the slab. The type of finish. and to identify parts of the same type. with anti-corrosive paint. fire retardant coating. The type of finish. The position of the slab. perpendicular to the work plane. in terms of depth. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. Creating a concrete slab (p. The loading properties of the slab.

Bolt assembly standard/grade. The spanning properties of the panel. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. The analysis properties of the panel. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. relative to its reference line.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. The position of the panel. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 .Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. Define the cast unit series of the panel. See also Bolt properties (p. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. 227) Weld properties (p. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. The offsets of the ends of the panel. 229) Weld types (p. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The design information of the panel. 81) 8. Creating a concrete panel (p. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. The loading properties of the panel.

This allows the bolt to move in different directions. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. or co-ordinate. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. Bolt spacing. depending on the bolt group shape. enter a negative value for cut length (e. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. or coordinate. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. Zero for a round hole. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. y allowance of a slotted hole. In the illustration below. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. If the bolt connects several parts. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Bolt spacing.e.g. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. group diameter. Tolerance = Hole diameter . number. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. -150).Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. depending on the bolt group shape. Zero for a round hole. For example. in both directions from the bolt group plane. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. Extra length Additional bolt length. x allowance of a slotted hole.

but does not display it drawings. At depth Dx. The size of the weld. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. 93). The angle of weld preparation. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. not in drawings. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . relative to the current work plane. 231). or groove. Dy.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Bolts (p. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Type Angle See Weld types (p. bevels. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Tekla Structures creates the weld. For example.

Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. 72). See Using welds to create assemblies (p. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . information about the weld specification or process. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. To create a non-continuous weld. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. defining the start and end points of the weld. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. The space between the welded parts. for example 50–100. See Weld position (p. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. For example. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. for example. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. To change the separator to @. 92). The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. for example.

Welds (p. Defines the process type. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Defines the electrode strength.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded.

More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . See also Chamfering part corners (p.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. The dimensions of the chamfer. Use these fields. for example. The name of the chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. to give plates varying thicknesses.

Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. and the shape is angled. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. 107) 8. and the shape is straight. See also General numbering settings (p. 234) Control number settings (p. The shape and position of the first end point. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. All information on previous numbers is lost. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. See also Chamfering part edges (p. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. and the shape is straight. The shape and position of the second end point. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick.

the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. The orientation of beams affects numbering. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. 157). numbering. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. The part name affects numbering. size. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. and number of holes affects numbering. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. and save sequence. See Assembly position numbers (p. Numbering objects (p. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. The orientation of columns affects numbering. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible.

Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. If some welds have been removed. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. No keeps the existing control numbers. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Control numbers (p. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Needed only with the By numbering series option. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. See also Numbering objects (p. Defines the interval between two control numbers. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 241) 9. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . See also Defining default part properties (p. 2. 237) Part positioning tips (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p.

For example. and object groups. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. 3. 7. Depending on the project. To stop copying or moving objects. 6. when creating grids and levels in a new model. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. b Select an object. selection filters. from simple frames to entire floors. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. 4. then copying them throughout the model. or an object group. 5. for example. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. 2. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. create an empty view or selection filter. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. enter BEAM.3. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. Start the Move or Copy command. This can useful when creating view filters. The dialog box remains open on the screen. try modeling an entire floor. enter a name for the set of properties. In the box next to the Save as button. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. Click Save as to save the set of properties. For a project that has several identical floors. Save time by modeling these areas once. Click Load to load the properties. then copying it to several levels. To use a default set of part properties. Before you start. c Enter the values you want to use. For example. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model.

. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. or define the number of days before or after the review date. index finger. you can use the Xmouse option. • See also Use the Page Up. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. select the review date. Click Add row. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. and then select an object. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . 132) Creating a visualization (p. 3. To select a date. and the middle finger the z axis. Open the Background color in model editor document. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. Page Down and arrow keys. With Xmouse active.. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. To activate a view.. and then select one of the options. a b To select an object property. click Select from model.To select values from the model: 1. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 4. 2. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes.. select one of the options. Views (p. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. Download and install the application. 2. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. to open the Select date dialog box. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. 3. 2. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. click Select date. You can either select a date from the calendar. When you hold the thumb. In the Value list box. the index finger the y axis.

Click Display. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model.. 2. Try to position the cut at least 0.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. 4. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. Note that after creating the polygon. to open the Display dialog box. See also Cuts (p. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible.3 mm). 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts.. • • • • If a cut fails. especially in components. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually.3 mm outside of the part planes. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. For example. Clear the Cuts check box. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. Click Modify. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. If the component fails. Cuts (p. 3. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. To locate the failure in the model. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. use polygon cuts. the cut is more likely to succeed.

2. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. See also Modifying part length (p. It can cause problems with connections and details. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. This can cause shop errors. move the part handles. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. move the part handles. Hold down F. To lengthen a part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . or use the Fit Part End command. Hold down Z. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. 2. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. Click a row that contains an ID number. Click a row that contains an ID number.

40) Points (p. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. Create points. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. always pick points in the same direction.See also Part position (p. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. For example. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. 57) Fittings (p. lines and circles. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. and from bottom to top (in positive x. y directions). This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. pick positions from left to right. Use construction planes. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. Creating a single grid line (p. such as beams. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box.

................................157 removing objects . 75 changing the main part.....................72 clash checking......................... 75 lotting.................. 72 attaching parts.......................................................... 157 removing objects ..................82 adding objects .................................................................68 orthogonal beams......................................................................................................................87 bolt group shape...............................................82 exploding ...................................... 149 creating ......104 corner chamfer dimensions .............................................................................................. 218 steel polybeams ............81 adding non-concrete objects ...................69 steel beams ........................................................83 casting direction ...................... 79.105 corner chamfers . 71 using welds to create assemblies ... 76 highlighting .... 30 angle dimensions ....................84 chamfering. 71.......................Index # 3D models.....82 cast unit type ............82 creating.....................88 a absolute coordinates .................................................... 74 changing the main assembly............................................................................................................................................................................................ 67...................................83 cast units ..... 117 c cambering parts..................................................................................................... 225 concrete polybeams ...................................................................................................................107 in sketches .................................................. 86................. 191 angles...............105 edge chamfers............................83 highlighting ....................................................................................................................................148 creating..................................... 131 sub-assemblies ...... 39 4D tool............................................................................................................................................................ 88 modifying ................. 71 using bolts to create assemblies ................................................................. 15 views ........................................ 75 showing and hiding ...................113 bending.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................199 b background color changing.................................................... 23 examples....84 changing the main part........... 70 adding objects ..........................174 numbering ...............................................105 corner chamfer types............................................................ 135 beams cambering...............88 bolt spacing .....83 top-in-form face ................................. 85............................................................. 75 joining..................................................................................................................................... 143 arcs.............................73........................................................143 bolting sub-assemblies.......................... 71 examples............................................................ 227 bolt group position .................................................................. 75 comparing ................... 174 nested assemblies ........................................79 curved beams.............................................115 cast in place.............................................................67 warping........................................................................................ 76 exploding.......................................................................... see visualizing project status .. 74 numbering .........................115 concrete beams..............................65 bolts ............................................................................................................83 lotting...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 185 assemblies .......................................86 bolt offsets ..........................................73................................ 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .........

...............81 casting direction...................................55 background color .......235 coordinates coordinate system.................................................................................................................................188 horizontal ................................146 sessions....... 223 warping ............................... 116..................186 perpendicular ........................213 finding RGB values.............. 78................................................. 146......... 146 clash checking .......... 222 panels ..................... 145.............................. 226 polybeams ....................................................185 Clash Check Manager ......... 105............ 117 comparing parts or assemblies.41 construction planes.........................238 object groups .....................................................................189 fixed ............................................. 69.....................................................68....................... 78...........................................................................................................189 construction objects ................................................136 corner chamfers .......................................197 checking the model...........40 construction circles ........................................................... 218 combining parts ......135 project status visualizations .................................146 managing results .....................checking sketched cross sections ..............................................................................147 symbols ........................................................................ 51........................ 158......................... 232 types and dimensions ..........................................................77 beams .................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................167 clip planes.......239 grid color............................................................... 78...........................................147 list of clashes .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................132 concrete parts ..... 224 steel columns.......................................................................................................................................................... 31 columns concrete columns .................................................146 class................................................................................. 145............148 changing priority .......................................................... 80................................................................................ 28............................ 149 bolts ........................................................................................................ 144............................. 79....................... 55 classifying information ...................23 background color examples................................79 slabs .................................. 225 strip footings ........................................................................ 159 settings ................187 deleting ....... 66............... 225 cast units.....149 components showing and hiding..................133 object representation settings.....................................................................186 coincident.......28 copying hints and tips........187 colliding objects .............................................................188 parallel .84 columns ..............................................................................113 constraints.................................................. 81........23 color settings ....................142 circles...........................................................................................................................................40 contour plates ........................................... 219 control numbers .......................124 coincident contraints ...........................................................................................................................................................................144 colors ................................................... 78.....41 construction lines .......................... 224 pad footings .....................104....147 changing status ...187 vertical ...

................................................................................................ 124 sections ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 93................139 visualizing project status .......70...136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 . 110............................................................................................................................ 88 sketched cross sections ......................................... 112 polygon cuts .................68....... 69 pad footings......................... 132 object representation settings ... 109.............. 168 sequences...89....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 construction circles........190 radial.................... 41 construction lines ... 81 concrete polybeams .................................................................................. 184 slabs......................................... 104...............126 adding attributes.................................................119 examples assemblies ...................................................................101 visualizing erection schedules........138 creating project status visualization settings ...................................... 67 steel columns .............................193 horizontal......................................................................................................204 defining erection schedules.............................................................................................. 69 curved beams............................. 79 concrete slabs ........................................................................................48 dimensions angle................................131 examining the model .......................................................................................................................109 hints and tips ............................... 74 object groups.......................................................................................................................................... 108 grid lines.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 d deleting logical areas ......................................................................................... 124 concrete beams...... 109...... 30 holes.. 40 contour plates....................................................... 111 part cuts........................................... 168 strip footings....................................................... 41 construction planes ........................................191 deleting from a sketch ............................................................ 68 Custom Inquiry ...................................137 creating object representation settings..171 object types ....................65.................................................. 78 concrete panels. 35 welds ....... 78 project status visualizations ...................................... 71 bolts...... 136 screenshots...................................................................................... 139 erection sequences ........................................................ 78 sub-assemblies ......................................................192 display settings ...76 background colors ............................. 82 clip planes ......................................63 erection schedules.. 165 tile pattern definition ..137 numbering ..................................... 172 single bolts ..........227 DGN supported objects ........................................ 174 models........................................................................................................ 164...................................... 137....................216 distances measuring................................................................................................................. 168 lots.........................................................................................................171 exact lines...........162.......................................................................................... 90 logical areas .. 32 grid views ... 169 orthogonal beams ...........................143 dividing models...............................................127 cuts .................... 181 sketching cross sections ................. 232 end offsets .............................................. 163............. 91..................................127 modifying contents .............. 86 cast units ..........................................................................................................171 e edge chamfers........................................... 71 tile patterns....................................................................... 181 curved parts.................. 68 fittings....................................................... 38 grids ................................. 79 concrete columns .......................................................................... 67 storys...........171 detail properties ............. 160 steel beams......192 in sketching .................................................................................. 100 twin profiles .................... 134 object type categories ........................................ 70 views ...............................................240 line cuts .................................................. 107....190 vertical ............................................................................................................23 creating object groups .... 66 steel polybeams .....................................................................creating assemblies .....................................................................................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section............... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor......191 between two points.............................................................. 80 standard-part models ........................................ 16 nested assemblies .............

..........203 inquiring models ................................................................29 modifying ....................................29 properties.........................................238 parts.................................................................................. 90 horizontal constraints .......................................................... 109......................................................................................................58 reference models .............................130 top-in-form face........196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .........................................................84 unselected parts ...................................... 29............................................................................................................................................................................ 111 lines exact ..............................................................149 fittings ....................exploding assemblies....................................................33 modifying .....................................237 holes .....................188 horizontal dimensions ..................................................192 horizontal position .......32 creating........................................... 222... 89................................................131 work area ......................................................... 28.........................................................................45 hints and tips...............................................212 grid views creating.......188 flying through model .............................................................30 deleting ...................................215 grids coordinates .................42 sketched cross sections.........................................................152 reinforcements ..........................................................................................145 finding distant objects .......................38 properties.............211 work plane grid ........................................................26 highlighting assemblies....................131 components .....................................................................123 footings ..................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ............................................................................30 creating..........................................64 line cuts.......31 origin...........................................................240 grid labels ..............78.............................................................203 extrusion types..................................57 moving ...........62 i identical areas... see tips ......................132 cut lines.......................................131 local coordinate system ......................................................................................31 part labels ............................................................................................................................27 hiding assemblies..200 f family numbers ...............................56 positioning planes ..........................116 levels...................................................................................................31 grid color......................................45 selected parts ........................................................................................................................................155 example ................................................................................................................57 of positioning planes........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................108 fixed constraints................75 cast units....................................................................................................................................................... 31 labels .................................................................153 importing points .......................................163 modifying ............................. 223 g global coordinate system ......................................................................................................83 reference models .............................32 deleting .......................................................156 finding clashes ............................................................ 31 line extensions..................................................................195 reference lines ..........................126 j joining assemblies.....................................28 grid lines ..................................75 l lengthening parts ......................28 h handles .........................................................33 properties..................................76 cast units ............................................................................126 object properties .........................................................................................................................

.........................................................167 viewing ....................... 156 settings ......... 155........................................................................ 34 Modeling of floor bay (66).......................................... 238 parametric modeling............................................... 169 object types ...................................................................................160 control numbers................................................................. 21 Model Organizer................ 153....................................................135 example........................................................................................135 creating............................ 16 dividing into phases........................ 241 logical areas ............................................... 54 measuring objects ... 158.................................................. 168 viewing .................................................................... 17 viewing ............................................................................. 114 models about 3D models .....172 series......................................................................................126 object representation settings............................................................................159 numbering series...............................153 modifying .................................... 151 organizing......... 174 deleting......................195 using handles ........... 121 saving............................................... 175 moving hints and tips ............................151 assemblies .......................................................................................238 models in a view...........153 what affects .......... 235 standard-part model .........167........................................ 151.....134 deleting................ 174 adding parts .......... 164... 143 angles. 176 rendered or plan view?.................133 copying ........................160 user-defined attributes.................................. 163 history........... 154...... 142 creating ........................157 cast units .................................................. 123 inquiring..................................................................................................... 165 family numbers ................. 167 modeling hints and tips ..................................................................................................................... 163..................158 reinforcements. 156...........................................161 clearing........................................................................................................................... 156 about numbering ....................................................................................................... 175 removing .....133 example.................................................... 233.........................................154 preliminary numbers.................122 positioning planes...... 126 moving...................... 119 zooming............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................57 n nested assemblies.......................................................................... 234..........................log files viewing ...................................................................................................................132 deleting............................. 15 checking for errors .........157 checking and repairing ............................................................................ 167 rotating ................................................................ 119 flying through model.............................................................................................................................................. 170 lotting............... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ............................................................................................ 169 o object groups ................................................................................233 m Magnifier....152 numbering settings ............................................161 identical parts ..................132 color settings ................................ 159 examples ..................................................162.......................................................................................... 74 numbering.....................................................................................................................................152 identical reinforcements ...............................................157 sequences ........................................................... 237 identical areas ....... 143 distances ..... 122 numbering ............................................................................................. 171 examining...........214 object property report templates........................ 143 bolt spacing ...................................................... 58 Model Editor screen layout.............................................................................................................................................................................. 73........................................................213 copying to another model ...................................................................................................137 transparency settings ............. 120 materials...................... 119 modifying logical areas ............................................................................................................................................................................138 object types ................................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .....133 creating............................ 175 creating ................

..................................................74 assemblies...242 identical parts..................................................242 showing and hiding............................................................................................ 154...........241 numbering..................239 oversized holes......167 orthogonal beams .......................52 properties...... 173 shortening ........................... 156 part types .128 finding distant objects ........156 placing objects in model ...........................................54 changing the profile .....................................................149 concrete parts .............................................................................186 parametric modeling . 78.................42 coordinates .131 splitting.......................................... 144............................... 172............................212 importing ....... 111 polygon shapes................................... 58 profiles ....................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................52 combining .................................53 part add.......................................................................................................................................174 material ......................................................................56 lengthening .................................................................................................................... 67.............................................................217 parts adding to assembly..........................................................................................................................242 positioning .....................................................................152 labels ......................116 lotting ..........................55 warping .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 57.................................................................220 overlapping numbering series ....................212 polybeams.............................115 changing the material ................................................................................................187 phases ............................ 222 panels ..122 parallel constraints........................................56 part properties............................................................ 79 polygon cuts..............112 polygon welds ..................................................149 inquiring properties ...........................................................................................................................................143 numbering.....................................................77 cutting with another part ........................................................................ see attaching parts ....................................................130 horizontal parts ..........................17 organizing the model ...128 offsets ...............................................................................................117 steel parts ..................176 parametric profiles ..............................................................................52 position ................................................171 in numbering ...............212 properties......................56 showing and hiding...................176 profiles ..115 shortening in drawings.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................39 points ..............................................................................116 comparing .......115 lengthening in drawings .................................................................................... 109.......................................................90 p pad footings . 145 defining visibility..........131 showing with exact lines ...........................................126 measuring.........................................................................................................................................93 polylines ......... 112 default properties ......................70 bending .............117 part labels ...............................................................................................................................................................66 user-defined attributes .....................63 opening models .................................................................................objects clash checking ......................................................237 hiding .................................................................................................65 cambering .................................................................................................................................................... 110....54 modifying part length ....81 panning ........................113 perpendicular constraints..................156 views..............................................................................164 plane views .................116 showing only selected parts.....................42 phase and ID ...........................................................................................................................................................................51 sequences ..............................................

............................................128 repairing numbering errors ................... 136 example................................... 125 priority in clash checking...........136............................. 201 standard .. 65 depth ......................................................................................................................................................................144 hiding...................................................126 reports viewing ..................53..................... 93 preliminary numbers............................157 relative coordinates ........................... 48 reference models........................................89 plates..........................................................................................................position bending ...................................................................................................................... 62 levels ...........................................................241 representation options ...................................................................................... 196 moving............................. 53 separators ..................................................................... 65 redrawing views........................................................................................................... 135 copying..... 237 r radial dimensions .. 60 end offsets....................................48 supported DGN objects .............. 158 preparing parts for welding.........43 clash checking............................................................................ 190 radius................................................................149 RGB values ......................................................................................... 53 twin profiles ...................................................................39 reinforcements identical ..................45 highlighting ...............................................................................................................48 updating.............45 splitting into reference objects.......................................................................................45 viewing changes.............44 selecting ............................................................................................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 .............................. 53 project status visualizations...................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor ....................................... 136 deleting....................................................................................................................................................................................161 report templates for inquiring object properties .....................................................45 inserting.................................................................................................121 parts ............239 right-hand rule .. 138 properties default ..........................................................................................46 reference points.................................................................57 refreshing views..........................................................................................58 round holes.... 59 rotation .......................................................59 rotation settings ....17 sketched cross sections ................................................................................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 61 positioning planes....................57.............................. 53 weld size prefix...69 slabs ....................................239 rotating models................................................... 52 parametric .......197 to old clash checking functionality ............................. 193 handles......45 viewing layers..............................................44 modifying properties ................................................................ 64 on the work plane.....30 rendered views ................................................................................................ 53 sketched profiles .......................................... 195 reverting to default ......................28 reverting to default positioning planes........................ 63 horizontal................................................................................153 numbering ...................................................................................................................................80 s saving models...........................................213 rotation angle knob ...................................................................... 176 prefixes............................ 58 reference model objects .............................128 restoring default work plane .... 136 creating ..................................................................................................... 70 user-defined ..................................................... 59 vertical.................................................................................................................................... 47 selecting .............................................................................. 147 profiles................. 94 printing screenshots..................................... 39 reference lines..........................................................................................................36 representation options...................................

...............................................................................131 positioning planes .................173 settings bolt properties...........................125 saving in bitmap format .212 grid properties........................................................................................38 work area ............................................................................................84 views.....................................................................................................201 variables .........................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ....................................184 positioning planes ......................227 concrete beam properties...131 components .......58 sequences ...................................................................................................................198 sketch thickness ....88 single grid lines ..........................................198 polylines................................................214 sections........................................53 standard-part models .......................197 circles.................. 113............................................................215 view settings ...............................................124 in Windows Vista ...................... 203 modifying .....................................................................................................................screenshots creating............................................................118 standard profiles ....................................227 display settings ................................................................................215 weld properties ............193........211 grid view properties .................................................................. 114 slotted holes..................................................218 steel column properties ....238 selection dial .................................................................................................211 grid line properties ......................240 parts labels ...............................................90 snapping to middle points...........................................................215 numbering settings .....................218 strip footing properties ...................................................................115 shortening parts in drawings ..................................................216 edge chamfer properties........................................................56 parts with exact lines .....................................................116 showing assemblies......222 part properties .......................................... 235 orthogonal beam properties..............................................173 creating.......195 reference lines .............................................................................................................................................26 single bolts ..............212 rotation settings .......57 snapshots.............................................. 118 plates and slabs.......................................................125 printing............................................................................224 concrete panel properties .... 202.............................................220 pad footing properties..................................................................................................94 Sketch Browser..185 creating ........................... see screenshots ..190 arcs ............................... 196 profiles ..199 using in models.........................................................80 warping ................223 twin profile properties .......................................48 reference models..........................................................................................................172 adding parts............................................ 117.......................201 example ...........................................................................................................................58 top-in-form face.................................................................................233..........................................................................................232 general modeling settings........................160 status in clash checking ............................226 concrete slab properties ..............................204 exporting ......................241 shortening and lengthening parts .......... 234......................................45 values from model ............................................168 selecting dates from model............185 chamfers ..................... 202.................................................183 slabs......................................................186 adding dimensions........................................................................173 inquiring ...................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................................201 refining the shape ...........................................................................................................225 contour plate properties....124 splitting parts....................................................................................217 point properties..................... 203 extrusion types............................................................................................................................................225 concrete column properties .........221 view properties .....................181 adding constraints.......................................................238 reference model objects ................................................................173 modifying .......................232 detail properties ..........214 steel beam properties ....................................................................................................................................132 cut lines...............................172 deleting ...................................................................................................................................213 screenshot settings...................................................219 corner chamfer properties ....125 settings ....................................................................................................................184 creating images .................32 single-part welds ....186 saving ...............................................200 importing .........................................................................................................................229 shifting the work plane .199 checking.................................................. 194................................................................................................................................................181 sketched cross sections..............................................................182 sketch editor.......................................................

.............................................................. 96 on all faces of part............................................238 variables in parametric modeling .............................................................. 220 polybeams........................... 242 right-hand rule ..................................................................53 v values selecting from model ................................................................................................... 70 beams ..............170 sequence numbers.................................................................................................214 twin profiles.................61 view depth ....................................................................................189 vertical dimensions ....................................................................................................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 .................................................................................... 239 modeling identical areas .................................................................................. 242 cutting efficiently..........183 vertical constraints.................................................................................................................................................................... 97 tiled surface treatment......84 transparency settings ..............................33 arranging ............................ 241 placing objects ........................................................................................ 104 tips activating overlapping views ..............................................................35 deleting...................... 238 modifying part length..........................96......................................................... 221 storys.......................39 closing .......................... 103 pattern elements .... 97 on chamfered parts ................................................................................................................................................ 71 bolting to existing assembly ......................................................................................................... 239 copying and moving efficiently ............. 97 on parts with openings and recesses.......................................................................................................................................................................................... 168 strip footings .........128 view planes..............................21 user-defined attributes........................................39 temporary ..............39 creating................................39 switching between views .........36 moving...................................... 72 welding to existing assembly................................................................................................................ 218 contour plates......136 t testing sketched cross sections ............ 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .................................................. 237 finding RGB values for colors..........................176 in sketching . 119..................................................... 97 on part face ..................................35 opening..................................................38 naming.........................................steel parts........66..................... 100 creating new tile patterns ........... 197 tiled surface treatment......... 98 on selected areas.............................. 219 curved beams.......................................... 239 selecting values from model........................ 67 twin profiles ..............................215 refreshing ......................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern .............................................................................................................................. 238 creating horizontal parts................67..... 68...... 98 on cut faces.........173 views.................................. 100 switching between views ....................... 124 numbering history................................... 39 top-in-form face ......215 viewing logical areas ..........................170 models................................................ 70.........35 view planes..............78....................... 66 assemblies .......36 visibility of objects..............55 in numbering.......................................................................................... 240 defining default part properties........................ 95 adding .........................37 view settings ....... 221 u user interface in Model Editor .........................................70.............................................................. 99 modifying...................................................................................38 modifying ......69.................................................................................................................36 view types........................ 223 sub-assemblies .......................................................................... 69..................... 101 pattern definitions........................................ 100 pattern definition example ............... 68 orthogonal beams ....................153 user-defined profiles ....................................................................161 object types ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................239 properties .................................192 vertical position................128 visualizing project status............................................................. 72 surface treatment .......................38 overlapping.......... 218 columns.................................................................................................................................. 96 creating new surface treatments ..........

...91....................... 93....................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ....................120 zoom window ................................... 25....................94 weld position........ 229 between parts ............................. 94 numbering..........................................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................26 work plane............................................................27 restoring......94 weld size prefixes ..........120 with keyboard shortcuts ..............................................................93 single-part welds................................................................ 91.234 polygon welds......................................................................................................................................................................................................92 weld preparation ....................................................................... 114 welds..........................................................120 zoom settings...........................................................................................28 shifting ................91 creating............................................................................w warping beams..........113 concrete parts..............................................113 concrete slabs ..........................231 welding sub-assemblies ........72 wire frame views ....................................................................................... 113...................................27 workspace in Model Editor...26 hiding ............................................. 128 defining .............................................................................................................120 zooming in or out ......36 work area ..................................................................93 weld types.....................................................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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