Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

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.................................................. User-defined attributes ............ User-defined profiles ........................................... Adding objects to assemblies....... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .................................................................. Creating a round contour plate ................ 3.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating an orthogonal beam................................................................................................................ Assembly hierarchy ........................................................................................................................ Colors ........................... 3.......................... End offsets ................................................................ 66 Assemblies................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Standard profiles ........ Changing the material of a part .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part ................................................. 3............................... Adding parts to an assembly .............................................................4 Creating an assembly... Levels ............................................................................................... Part labels ................................ Creating a steel beam ................................................................................................ Creating a contour plate ...................................................................................................................................... Creating a curved beam ............................................................. Creating a sub-assembly ........................................................................................................................................................................................... Materials................................................................................................................................................ Vertical position .................................................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position .............. Creating a twin profile.................. 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................................... Rotation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Showing part labels in a view ................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ...................................................2 Moving a part using handles ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 57 Steel parts................................................................ Showing part reference lines in model views .............. Creating a nested assembly ...................................................................................................................................................3 Creating a steel column........... Parametric profiles ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Horizontal position ............................................................................................... Position depth ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Modifying the position of a part ................................ Bending .................................................................................................................... Position on the work plane .......................... Creating a steel polybeam................................................................................................................................ Using bolts to create assemblies ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Using welds to create assemblies .............................................................

.................................................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ............. 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts .......................................................... Exploding an assembly ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Exploding a cast unit .6 Creating a cast unit ............................................ Creating a strip footing ................................................................ Changing or adding bolted parts ...................... Creating a concrete panel ............................................................................................................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a concrete beam.............................................. Creating a concrete polybeam ............................................ 4......................... Assembly examples .......................................................... Adding objects to cast units .........................................................5 Creating a pad footing.................... Creating a concrete slab ............................................. Defining the casting direction of a part ....................... 3................. Creating a round slab ................................ 85 4..............................................................................Joining assemblies ........................................ Defining the cast unit type.........................................................1 Bolts.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Removing objects from a cast unit ..................................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating round holes..................................................................................... Bolt offsets ...................................................................................................................................................... Changing the main assembly .................................................................................. Bolt group shape ......................................................................................................................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes........ Bolt group position ............................................................................................................................................. 89 Creating slotted holes ............................................................................... Highlighting objects in a cast unit......................................................................................................................... Highlighting objects in an assembly ....................................... 85 Creating a bolt group......................... Creating a single bolt ........................................................................ Changing the assembly main part ................................................................................................................................................. 77 Cast units..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ............................................................................... Showing the top-in-form face ................................................ Changing the cast unit main part ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete column ................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ........................................................................................ Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................................................ 3.......... Casting direction ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ................................................................. 101 Tile pattern definitions ................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Warping a beam using deformation angles .................... Cutting parts with another part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Cutting parts with a polygon ................................................................................................................................................... Part cuts ............... Fittings.................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a polygon weld.................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ................................................................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a fitting ................................................................................ 100 Creating new tile patterns ....................................................................... Weld preparation .................................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ............................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options............................................... Cuts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Modifying the shape of a polygon. 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 91 Creating a weld between parts......................................................................................................................3 Welds .............. Cutting parts with a line ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Weld size prefixes .......................................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment............................................. 104 4........................................................ Polygon cuts ............................................... Chamfering part corners ................................... Chamfering part edges ..................................................................... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ...... 104 Chamfers................................................ 103 Tile pattern elements ........................................................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ................................................. Line cuts .............. 4............... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .........................................................................................Creating oversized holes.................... Warping concrete parts .................................. 100 Example pattern definition ....................................................................................................................... 90 4.......................................................................................................................................................................... Polybeam chamfers ....................................................... Weld position ................................................................................. 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ......................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts .................................................................................................................... Creating a weld to a part ....................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.............................................................

................................................................................................................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ................................................ Hiding unselected parts................................................................... Shortening and lengthening parts ....................................................................... 4............................................................................ 118 Splitting a plate or slab................................................................................................ Zooming with Magnifier .................................................................................................................................................................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ...........................................................................................7 Splitting parts ........................................................................ Cambering parts................................................................. Representation options .................................................................................................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ............................................................................................................ Modifying the zoom settings ......................................... 116 Combining two parts into one.................................................................................................................................................... Lengthening a part in drawings ........................................................................................................................................................................... 126 Showing and hiding objects ......................... Flying through the model..................................................................................................................................... Object property report templates ...3 Defining which objects are displayed ........................................... 5...................................................................................................... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .......... 5............................2 Inquiring object properties.............................................................................................................................................................. Using the Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................. Hiding selected parts.................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Zooming the model ............ Showing parts with exact lines .................... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .......................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ............................................. Shortening a part in drawings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 5 Examining the Model................................................... Printing a screenshot ...........................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts......... 119 5.................................................................................... Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ............................................................................................................ Moving the model................................................................................................ 117 4..... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 Viewing the model ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Showing and hiding assemblies............................................................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ............................................... Rotating the model ................................................................... Cambering a part ..................................... Creating a clip plane .............. Creating a screenshot................ 116 Attaching a part to another part......................................................

....................................................................................................... Example: Creating visualization settings ...................................................... Measuring distances ......................................... Object representation settings. Finding clashes in a model .Showing and hiding components ............3 Defining numbering series ........................................................................................................ Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying object representation settings to another model ........................ Creating object representation settings ........................................... 5......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 142 6 Numbering the Model............................................................................................. Creating an object group .............. Copying an object group to another model ................................................................................................. Example: Creating object groups ..... Deleting object representation settings ................................................................................................................................................. Finding distant objects.............................................4 Creating a visualization .............................................................................. Deleting visualization settings ...................... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................................................................... Object groups .................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 6.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ........................................................................... 152 Identical parts .................... Clash Check Manager ............................................................................... Measuring bolt spacing ................................................. 135 Checking the model ........ 153 Planning your numbering series.................2 What is numbering .................................................................................................................................................... 151 6............................................................ 5.......................................... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ........................................................................................................5 Measuring objects ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 152 Identical reinforcements ..................................... Example: Defining an erection schedule ......................................... Copying visualization settings to another model .......................... Example: Creating object representation settings ........ 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status..................................................... Measuring angles .................................................................................................. Detecting clashes .............. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ............. Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ..................................................................................................................... Deleting an object group ................................1 6................................................................................................................................................. Comparing parts or assemblies........................................................................................................................ 151 What affects numbering ..................................................................................................................

.. 171 Custom phase properties ............................................................................................................................. 162 Example: Numbering identical beams......................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ........................................................ Example: Numbering settings during a project ......................................................................................................................................................................... Numbering reinforcements........................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories ..............Family numbers.........................................................................................................................5 6.... 6............................................................................................................3 Sequences..................4 Lotting ................ 172 173 173 173 173 7..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7........................................................................................ Checking the sequence of a part ......... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 .......................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories............................................................................................................................................................. Example: Numbering selected part types ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... Control numbers......................................................................................... 172 Creating a sequence .........6 6......................................................... 167 7.................................................................................. 161 Numbering examples............................................................ 167 Creating logical areas ................................................................................................................... Changing the family number of an object ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 171 7....................................................................................................................... Clearing numbers.......... Locking and unlocking control numbers ............... Assigning control numbers to parts ................................................................ 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling...................................... Assigning family numbers ........................................................................................................................................................................... Changing numbers................................... Adding parts to a sequence ............................ 161 Repairing numbering errors ............................................... Saving preliminary numbers............ Example: Numbering parts in selected phases........................................................................................................................................................................ 171 Dividing the model into phases .... Creating a standard-part model ..................... Creating object type categories..................................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part..................................................1 Organizing the model.................................................................................................................................. Deleting logical areas and object type categories............................ 6................................................................. Assembly position numbers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects...................................................................................................................................................... Deleting a sequence ......... 156 Viewing the numbering history........................... Overlapping numbering series .................................................................. Example: Using family numbers...........2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ................................................ Sketching the outline of a cross section ........................................................................................ Adding a parallel constraint .............................................................. Deleting a constraint . Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section.................................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint ......................................................... Reverting to default positioning planes ................................................. Deleting a dimension from a sketch ............................................................................................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a horizontal constraint .............................................................. Modifying a sketched cross section............................................................................................................................ Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ..... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ................. Sketching a polyline ................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 7.......................................... Cross section extrusion types ................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes .................................................................................................................................................................. 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................ Showing and hiding positioning planes ...................................................................... Saving a sketched cross section ....... Removing parts from a lot ............................................ Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section.............................. Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ....................................................................................... Variables ................................. Moving positioning plane handles ......................................................................................................................................................................... Connection positioning planes ............................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch .............................................................. Checking a sketched cross section ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting a lot .......................................... Part positioning planes ...................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint ..... Modifying chamfers in a sketch ..................... Sketching an arc ............................................................................. Adding a vertical constraint .......................................................... 7.............................................................. Adding parts to a lot ............................................ Setting the sketch thickness ....................................... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch .................................................. 176 Sketched cross sections .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Sketch Browser ................................................................................. Sketching a circle ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Creating a lot ............................................................................................................. Adding a coincident constraint ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ...........................

........ Steel beam properties ...................................... Concrete beam properties........................................................................................ Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ........................ 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ...................................................................................................................................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ............................ Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ............................................................................................................................................................. Screenshot settings.................................................................................................... 8............................................................................................... Twin profile properties......... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section...... Point properties ........................... Pad footing properties........................................................................................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ....................................................................3 Part properties ............ Exporting sketched cross sections ................................................................................... 227 Bolt properties................................................................................................... 211 Grid properties ................................................................................................................................................. Concrete slab properties .........................................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Color settings .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Weld properties .............. 229 Weld types .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Transparency settings.................................................... Orthogonal beam properties .............4 Detail properties............................................................................................... 217 Steel column properties .......................... Importing sketched cross sections ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Using the cross section in a model ....................................................................................................................................................................... Grid line properties................................. Strip footing properties .................. Contour plate properties.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings............ 215 Display settings ........................ 211 8....................................... Concrete column properties .......................................... 215 Grid view properties ...................................................................................................................................................... Rotation settings .............................................................................................................................. 216 8...................... 215 View properties .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ................................................................................................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness ..................................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete panel properties................ Creating an image of a sketched cross section ..............1 General settings..........................................................................................................................................

................................. 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips........................................ Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 233 Weld numbering settings...................................................................................................... Activating an overlapping view ........................................................................................................................................................................ 235 9 Modeling Tips ................................... Selecting values from the model ................................................................................................................................................ 237 Defining default part properties ................................................................................ Copying and moving efficiently............................ Optional ways of placing objects in a model .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ................................................................................................... 9............. 237 9................................................................................................. 232 Edge chamfer properties .......................................................................................................................................................... Cutting efficiently ..................................................................Corner chamfer properties .................... Hiding cut lines in a view ................................................................... Modeling identical areas.............................................................................................................. 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................................................... 232 8..............................2 Modifying part length ....................................................... 233 General numbering settings ...................................1 General modeling tips ................................................................ Creating horizontal parts ....................... Right-hand rule... Finding RGB values for colors.............................................. 234 Control number settings ..........................................................................................................5 Numbering settings ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . and save models in Tekla Structures. 15) Creating a new model (p.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. such as reports and NC data files. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. 16) Opening a model (p. 17) Saving a model (p. create.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. as they react to modifications in the model. you can create a real-life model of any structure. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. 17) Model templates (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. 18) 1.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

21) Work area (p. 43) 2. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 33) Construction objects (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 27) Coordinate system (p. When you open or create a model. Initially.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. a new window appears on the screen. 40) Points (p. 42) Reference models (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 28) Grids (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. the icons and available menu options will become active. 29) Views (p. 25) Work plane (p.

The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . 2... 239) Background color examples (p. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. To change the background color in rendered views: 1.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. set the same value for all four corners of the background. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. > Model View. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 3. and so on. To use the default background color. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. Finding RGB values for colors (p. leave the advanced option fields empty.

4 0.0 1.0 1.2 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.4 0.0 1.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 1.RGB values 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 Result 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.

RGB values 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.6 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p. dashed lines.0 1.3 0.2 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.7 0.0 1.8 0.0 1.0 1. 239) 2.6 1.0 0.7 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 0.0 Result 0.3 0.0 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .

Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. This can be useful. or size the work area to include selected parts. click View > Redraw All again. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. Click OK or Apply. or in all visible views. Tekla Structures hides the work area. 4. To make the work area visible again. See also Work area (p. when creating screenshots for presentations. To make the box visible again. but they are not visible. for example. Click View > Redraw All. or all model objects. 26) Hiding the work area (p. Work area (p. 5. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. Alternatively. for example. 1.. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. You can define the work area in a selected view. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. Objects outside the work area still exist. set the advanced option to FALSE. For more information on each command. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. to concentrate on a particular area of the model.. you can hide the green work area box. See also Defining the work area (p. 2. > Model View. To define the work area: 1.

to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. 2. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. part positioning. so it is the same in all views. When modeling sloped parts. which can be used for positioning parts. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. parallel to one of the global basic planes. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. The current work plane is model-specific. which is the local coordinate system of the model. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . For example creating points. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. see the corresponding menu tooltip. or on a part or view plane. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. 28) Right-hand rule (p. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p.2. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. The work plane also has its own grid. To display the work plane grid. For more information on each command. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. See also Shifting the work plane (p. For example. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. 3. To shift the work plane: 1.

Set Depth coordinate to 0.See also Work plane (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. set the value to 1.. Set Plane to XY. > Model View. 3.. 2. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. Click OK. 2. 4.0 0. Work plane (p.. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 3.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x.. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. 4.0 0. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. See also Work plane (p. y.0. Click Change. to change the color to red. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. To restore the default work plane: 1. For example. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 239) 2.

See also Work plane (p.In wire frame views. 27) View types (p. 36) 2. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.

and Z0. Click Modeling > Create Grid. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. 0 4000 4000. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. 5. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. See also Creating a grid (p. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. 4. Grids (p. Optional: When prompted. 31) Grid lines (p. 30) Coordinate system (p. You can also create grids manually. and Z0. If you do not pick a point.You can have more than one grid in a model. The z coordinates are absolute.. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. 31) Deleting a grid (p. 29) Grid coordinates (p. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. 0 2*4000. Modify the grid properties. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid.. To manually create a grid: 1. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 31) Grid properties (p. 30) Modifying a grid (p. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. 2. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. For example. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. 3. 30) Grid labels (p. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. For example. Y0. See also Click Create.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. See also Creating a grid (p. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. Y0. 31) Changing the grid color (p.

Grids (p. See also Grids (p. If you wish. If you have also other objects selected. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. 2. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. See also Click Modify to save the changes. See also Grids (p. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. 2. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. is selected. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. Modify the grid properties. 29) Grid properties (p. When you delete a grid. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. When working with very large grids. is selected. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. not the grid. The Grid dialog box appears. 4. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. 29) Creating a grid (p. 3. you can leave the label fields empty. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane.

2. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. Pick the starting point of the grid line.. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. Click OK. 3. to change the color to red. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. > Model View. See also Grids (p. When you select a grid line. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 0. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. 2. See also Grids (p. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. 3. set the value to 1. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. Single grid lines have handles.0 0. the handles appear in magenta. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.1. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p.0. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 29) Creating a single grid line (p.. Pick the end point of the grid line. For example. 4. 4.

Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. 4. 2. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. 3. Grid lines (p. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. See also is selected. is selected. not the grid line. When you delete a grid line. Click Modify to save the changes. 32) 2. See also Grid lines (p.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . For example. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. If you also have other objects selected. 3. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. 2. 32) Grid line properties (p. Modify the grid line properties.See also Grid lines (p. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

38) Modifying a view (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 38) Deleting a view (p. 38) Switching between open views (p. which is useful for different tasks. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . plane. 39) Refreshing views (p. This places the part in the center of the view. 35) Opening a view (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. See also Creating a view (p. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. and elevation views provide different types of information. 39) Arranging views (p. create a 3D view of the part.

36) View planes (p. For more information on each command. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Optional: Save the view. c See also Click Modify. disappear when you close them. 35) View types (p. Views (p. 2. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. See also Views (p. 33) View settings (p.If you are working with two screens. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . 3. In multi-user mode. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. When you exit the model. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. Select a view command from the View menu. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. which have a default name in parentheses. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. 36) Creating grid views (p. or the view will not be saved for later use. Temporary views. 215) About naming views (p. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. it is very important to give views unique names. If several users have different views with the same name. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. b Type a unique name in the Name field. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. See also Creating a view (p. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar.

The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. xz. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. In basic views. It does not appear in the plane name. and zy). • See also Creating a view (p. 35) Representation options (p. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. In the basic plane view. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. Points that are located outside the view plane are red.

Pick the end point of the translation vector. from the pop-up menu.. To move the view plane: 1. depending on the creation method. 37) Creating a view (p. Click Move. If the Move . click the Pick button to re-activate the command. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. 5. or enter its coordinates. 4. When you move a view plane. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. Moving a view plane (p. or enter its coordinates. 2. 3. Click the view. or the points are defined automatically. Other views For view types other than basic views..Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. See also View planes (p. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points.

The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. To create grid views: 1. and which view properties it will use. 5.. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and all visible views on the right. The Views dialog box appears. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. To open multiple views. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. 2. Before you start. Modify the grid properties. Modify the view properties. The Views dialog box appears. See also Views (p. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create.. Select the grid. 2. Views (p. If you try to open more than nine views.. check how many views you have open. create a view that contains a grid. 3. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 35) Grid view properties (p. Click Modify. 33) View settings (p. 3. See also Creating a view (p. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. or double-click a view to open it. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures displays a warning.. 4. Click Create. If the view does not appear.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. Click View > View List. how it will name the views.. 2.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . Views (p. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. 3. On the Window menu. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. Views (p. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. Click Delete. Select the view you want to delete. and then click Modify.1.. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. select an option from the Angle list box. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. 2. Click View > View List. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P.. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. select a view from the list. In the View Properties dialog box. To delete multiple views. See also Views (p. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. The Views dialog box appears. and all visible views on the right. Click View > Redraw All. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. Views (p.. 33) Switching between open views (p.

They do not appear in drawings. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. Pick four points.7 Construction objects Construction planes. 5. select the Magnetic check box. Tekla Structures draws the plane. Click View > Close All. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. For example. 2. Click the middle mouse button. Double-click the plane in the model. 4. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. and circles help you place other objects. 33) 2. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. 6. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers.To arrange the views. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 3. When you move the plane. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. Tile Horizontally. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. 40) Creating a construction line (p. You cannot use the Cascade. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. lines. For example. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. See also Views (p. See also Creating a construction plane (p. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Type a name for the plane.

See also Construction objects (p. c Click Modify. a Double-click the line in the model. 2. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. See also Construction objects (p. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 2. For more information on each command. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. b Select the Magnetic check box. See also Construction objects (p. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip.7. Pick the starting point of the construction line. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. 4. Pick the end point of the construction line. Click Modify.

42) Point properties (p. Points (p. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. see the corresponding menu tooltip. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. When you create points. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system.2. For more information on each command. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. Create a point import file.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. To import points from a file: 1. 42) Importing points (p. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. 2. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. See also Creating a point (p.

Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. *. 4.dwg) MicroStation (*. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model.prp) Cadmatic models (*. Include the full path and the file extension. a plant design model. or a heating. Click Create. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates.3dd) IFC files (*. 42) 2. 7.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model.igs.1000 300. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. b Save the file. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry.500. For example: 100. 6. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p.1500 2. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. Type the ASCII file name. For example. *. If you do not specify the path. See also Points (p. During the import process. Type point in the Search field and click Search. an architectural model. 5.dxf) AutoCAD (*. See also Inserting a reference model (p. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.IFC) IGES files (*. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 .rop. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. 45) Hiding a reference model (p.dgn.700. 3. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).

2. 7. Click the Browse. the file does not exist. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 47) Supported DGN objects (p..inp file.Updating reference models (p. 2. if it uses different measurement units).. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 6. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. Open a Tekla Structures model. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. button to browse for the reference model file. For more information on user-defined attributes. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. 4. Check the work plane position. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1.. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p.. Click File > Reference Model List. see Adding properties. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. 5. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example.. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Set the scale of the reference model. 46) Reference model objects (p. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Click File > Insert Reference Model. 3. See also Reference models (p. or you forget to click Apply. 3. 4. If you do not define a reference model file to use. Click User-defined attributes. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model.. Modify the properties and then click Modify.

Click Reload all.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box..dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 ... you can highlight them. Click File > Reference Model List. switch. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. 2. 2. Reference models (p. 2. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model.3dd) WebViewer (. but the changes are rarely documented. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. 2. See also Click File > Reference Model List... Click File > Reference Model List. To highlight a reference model: 1. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. To update all reference models: 1. See also Reference models (p. Select a reference model from the list.xml) 3D DWG (. See also Reference models (p.ifc) Cadmatic (.. Reference models (p. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. 4. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . For example. Double-click the reference model. select Inserted to see the added objects. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. 3. Double-click the reference model. See also Reference models (p. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. To view reference model layers: 1. button next to the Old file name field. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. 2.To view changes in a reference model: 1. Click Display...

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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Icon Description A standard profile. 66) Concrete parts (p.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. parametric.. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. • For steel parts. 53) User-defined profiles (p. click the Select. Open the Select Profile dialog box. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. 2. and user-defined profiles. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. 52) Standard profiles (p. button next to the Profile field. A parametric profile. 53) Parametric profiles (p. 51) Steel parts (p. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. When you create or modify a part. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures ..

/. See also Profiles (p. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. See also Profiles (p. For concrete parts. the profile catalog contains standard. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. If you select a parametric profile. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see.• 3. 4. For example. See also Profiles (p. click the button next to the Shape field. Click Modify. select the Show details check box. By default. Select a profile from the list. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. so you should not edit them. See also Profiles (p. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. • To see all the properties of profiles. Click Apply or OK. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. environmentspecific profiles. 6. X. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. select the Show all profiles check box. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . • 5. and *. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. use the Profile name list box. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. • To select a recently used profile. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree.

Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. porosity. 5. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. Click Select.. including the modulus of elasticity.Materials When you create or modify a part. For example. partial safety factors. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. Click Modify. 3. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. 6. such as strengths. next to the Material field. they can be former names. or country-specific properties. • To see all the properties of materials. 2. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. For example. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Materials (p. or names used in different countries or standards. select the Show details check box. • 4. and thermal dilatation coefficient. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. Click Apply or OK. and so on. select the Show aliases check box. Poisson’s ratio. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. The Select Material dialog box appears. Select a material from the list. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog..

You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups.. When drawings of the parts are created. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. or lists. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used.. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. Attributes can consist of numbers. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. or in projects. text. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box.

. 4. Click Display. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .. See also Part properties (p. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. 3. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. and Moment User field 1. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. user-defined attributes. In the Display dialog box. go to the Advanced tab... When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. Tension.4 Connection code Can be used. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. Select the Part label check box. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. User-defined fields... See also Part properties (p. 2. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. Each end of a part can have a different connection code.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear.

Part labels (p. See also Moving a part using handles (p. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p.2 Part position When you create a part. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. the rest are magenta.5. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . just drag the part to a new position. Click Modify. 7. The handle of the first end point is yellow. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. 2. When you select a part. 56) 3. Select the handles. The Part label dialog box appears. See also Part position (p. you position it by picking points. b Click Add. Tekla Structures displays the handles. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. If Drag and Drop is switched on. Select the part. a Select a property in the Properties list. 6. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. 58) Part positioning tips (p. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. 3. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. for example. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. The points form the part reference line. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. Move the part like any other object.

Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. Click and drag to select a position. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1... Modify the settings. 2. For example. To change the Angle. enter a value in the corresponding box. use the round selection dial. See also Position on the work plane (p. The object moves in the model accordingly. Click Modify.. 2. Click in the Mini Toolbar. On the Advanced tab. To change the rotation angle. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. See also Click View > View Properties. Part position (p. select the Part reference line check box.. 3. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. 4. Click Display. On the Position tab. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. • • • To change the overall position of the part. Plane offset. to open the Display dialog box. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. Click Modify and OK. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. modify the desired position settings. Hold down Shift to override this. 2. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . or Depth offset. 3.

63) Levels (p. 60) Vertical position (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. To do this. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 59) Position depth (p. 61) Horizontal position (p.Rotation (p. 62) End offsets (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 64) Bending (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane.

Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . perpendicular to the work plane. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 . relative to its reference point. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

relative to its reference point. 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

You can enter positive and negative values. relative to its reference line.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line.

64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To position the upper columns correctly. In this example. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. not at the level you picked. you can enter the positions of the part ends. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns).Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to the picked point. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. Use to define the position of the second end. you must modify their bottom level position. the concrete columns form a two-story structure.

which is relative to the current work plane. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. for example a curved beam.Top level = 1000. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. Alternatively. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. you need to specify the number of segments. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. the less angular the part appears. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. You can also define the plane of curvature. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments.

Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 2. Pick the position of the column. 3. Click the Create column icon. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 58) 3. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. Optional: Modify the steel column properties.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. See also Creating a steel column (p. 66) Creating a steel beam (p.

Pick the end point. To create a steel polybeam: 1.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . See also Steel beam properties (p. 2. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 218) Levels (p. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. See also Steel column properties (p. 3. Click the Create polybeam icon. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. Click the Create beam icon. 3. 4. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. Pick the starting point. 2. You can also create bent plates with this command.

4. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. Pick the end point (3). Click the Create curved beam icon. 106) Steel beam properties (p. 3. To create a contour plate: 1. Click the Create contour plate icon. 3. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. Pick the starting point (1). Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. 5. Optional: To create curved segments. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 4. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties.4. 218) Bending (p. 5. Double-click the end point. 2. Pick a point on the arc (2). 2. Pick the starting point again. 5. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Steel beam properties (p.

Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 68) Contour plate properties (p. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 2. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. 3. Pick the position of the beam. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 69) Contour plate properties (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 5. Select the plate.. See also Creating a contour plate (p. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 219) Chamfers (p. 2. 6. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 4. 7.. Click Modify. from the list box.

See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. or by joining assemblies together. 2. Pick the starting point. See also Creating an assembly (p. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 221) 3. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. You can change the main part in an assembly. 4. See also Twin profile properties (p. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 3. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. To create a twin steel profile: 1. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. By default. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Pick the end point. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. Creating an assembly (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part.Exploding an assembly (p. 76) Assembly examples (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. Assemblies (p. 2. 3. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 3. 2. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies.

70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. When you connect assemblies. 3. select As sub-assembly. In the Connect part/assembly list box. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 7. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 6. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. 5. In the Connect part/assembly list box. select As sub-assembly. Click Apply or OK. Using welds to create assemblies (p. Pick the bolt group origin. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Click Apply or OK. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 6. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. Assemblies (p. 2. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. 4. 2. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. 4. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. 3. You can create workshop welds and site welds.

Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. from single parts and bolts. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. through the basic and sub-assemblies. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. To work with nested assemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 74) Joining assemblies (p. See also Assemblies (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts.

Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. 3. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. marks. Select the assembly to add to. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 4. fabrication information. 2. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 4. for all assembly levels. Select the part you want to add. and still produce dimensions. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. etc. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly to add to. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.

Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Changing the main assembly (p. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. See also Select the new main assembly. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Select the new main part. 2. You can change the main assembly at any time. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Adding objects to assemblies (p. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 2. 2. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. 2. 3. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 4. Assemblies (p. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Tekla Structures changes the main part. c Select the assembly. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. Select the assemblies you want to join. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 3. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly.

secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .main part Concrete . always starting from the highest level. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level.main part Steel part . Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. See also Assemblies (p. 2.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. • To only explode the sub-assembly. To explode an assembly: 1. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. and then attached to the column in another workshop. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p.

78) Creating a concrete column (p.Drawing 2. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. Assemblies (p. See also Creating a pad footing (p. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. 78) Creating a strip footing (p.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts.

Double-click the end point. See also Pad footing properties (p. 3. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 2. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. Optional: To create curved segments. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the pad footing position. 2. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties.Creating a concrete slab (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Click the Create pad footing icon. 3. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. 5. Pick the position of the column. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Click the Create concrete column icon. chamfer the corners of the footing. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 3. 4. Click the Create strip footing icon. See also Strip footing properties (p. 2.

4. To create a concrete polybeam: 1.See also Concrete column properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 4. Double-click the end point. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Pick the end point. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. Optional: To create curved segments. 5. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. Click the Create concrete beam icon. See also Concrete beam properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 2. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Pick the starting point. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 3.

To create a concrete slab: 1. 3. Select the slab. Click Modify. 6. See also Creating a round slab (p. 3. 2. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 4. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 7. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click the Create concrete slab icon. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the starting point. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. from the list box. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. 4. 2. Pick the corner points of the slab. 5. Pick the starting point again.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. The corners of the slab can be chamfered.

225) Chamfers (p. Optional: To create curved segments. 2. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. By default. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. 3. See also Creating a cast unit (p. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. Cast units can include reinforcement. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 4. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. chamfer the corners of the panel.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. Double-click the end point. each part is considered a separate cast unit. For example. Click the Create concrete panel icon. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . as well as concrete parts. 104) 3.

84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. See also Cast units (p. Select the new main part. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. Cast units (p. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 2. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 4. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. 4. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. Select an object in the cast unit. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 3. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 3. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 2. Select the objects you want to add. such as steel parts and insulation. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 3. 83) Casting direction (p.

Cast units (p.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. 2. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 3. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. Click Modify to save the changes. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit.main part Concrete . See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode.main part Steel part . select Precast or Cast in place. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Cast units (p. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 4. 2.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. 2. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Select the objects you want to remove. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. Go to the Cast unit tab. Cast units (p. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. 2. In the Cast unit type list box. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1.

Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. Select a concrete part. 2. See also Cast units (p. 2. 3. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. Casting direction (p. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Select a concrete part.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. To hide the top-in-form face again. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. See also Casting direction (p. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings.

1 Bolts To create bolts. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 89) Welds (p. 116) Splitting parts (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 85) Holes (p. 117) 4. 91) Surface treatment (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 104) Combining parts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 .

Select the secondary parts.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. Bolts (p. 86) Bolt group position (p. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. See also Apply a component. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. which is the bolt group origin. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. 227) Bolt group shape (p. 3. washers. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. Pick a point. 6. 3. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Explode the component. Modify the bolt group. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 7. 87) Bolt offsets (p. and nuts) while creating holes. 2. 85) Bolt properties (p. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 4. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 2. Select the main part. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. 5.

86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . from the bolt group point of origin. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. y coordinate of each bolt. Diameter of the bolt group. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. Number of bolts. in the y direction of the bolt group. in the x direction of the bolt group. x coordinate of each bolt.

See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. relative to the bolt group x axis. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. 4. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. Follow the instructions on the status bar. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Click Apply to save the changes. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. 3. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. 85) Bolt properties (p. 2. The starting point values Dx. 5. type 0. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. select Array from the Shape list box. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. Bolts (p. Under Bolt group. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group.

Follow the instructions on the status bar. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. Holes (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 85) 4. 5.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 3. See also Bolts (p. reselect the main and secondary parts. Before creating holes. To create round holes: 1. 4. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. If you do not want to create any bolts. 2. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. 2. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. When prompted. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Click Apply to save the changes.1. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 .

86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. See also Click Apply to save the changes. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. In the Hole type list box. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 8. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. If you do not want to create any bolts. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 5. Holes (p. select Slotted. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. 3. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. For example. 4. 2. To indicate which parts should be slotted.

Follow the instructions on the status bar. Select the part to weld to. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. enter the allowance for the oversized hole.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. or use a component that automatically creates welds. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 86) 4. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 94) Weld preparation (p. 2. 7. 6. Holes (p. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. If you are creating a workshop weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. Select the part to be welded. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. 3. If you are creating a workshop weld. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 5. 4. Click Apply to save the changes. If you do not want to create any bolts. without connecting any other parts. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. 2.1. 3. this is the main part of the assembly. In the Oversize field. select Oversized. In the Hole type list box. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 4.

229) Weld position (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. or z). Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. See also Creating a weld between parts (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. 91) Weld properties (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Example The following image shows welds in different positions. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. y. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction.

5. Select the part to weld to. Select the part to be welded. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. or alternatively. 3. this is the secondary part of the assembly. this is the main part of the assembly. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. 2. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. Pick the starting and end point. pick the points you want the weld to go through.

or apply a component that does it automatically. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 4. 3. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. See also Welds (p. use the SPD profile. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. without connecting any other parts: 1. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 2. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. 2. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Select the part that you want to weld. To prevent automatic weld preparation. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1.See also Welds (p. See also Welds (p. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. Pick the starting and end point. Select the part that you want to cut. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. or alternatively.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. and tiles.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. Select the cutting part. you change the size of a part). for example. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. 94) 4. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. When you create overlapping surface treatments. surface mixes. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated.3.g.

See also Surface treatment (p. select the specific surface treatment.. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 8. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. Front. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 7. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. 2. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. In the Surface treatment name list box. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. and Behind. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. b On the Pattern tab. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. Click the Select. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 6. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. In the At depth list box. select Tile surface from the Type list box. select the type of surface treatment to use. 4. In the Type list box. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 9. select the location of the surface treatment. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p.... select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. 5. 3. to select a material from the catalog. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. The options are Middle. See also Surface treatment (p.

96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . 4. 3. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. 2. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. b Select the part face. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. 3. 4. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the direction. 2. 3. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 2. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 2. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. b Select the part face. 4. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The faces that you can select appear in blue.

the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. left. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. bottom. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. or right). 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers.5. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

To create new surface treatment options: 1. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . Open the product_finishes. The file is located in the . 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox.dat file using any text editor.

See also Add rows to define new options. a Define the surface treatment type. MF for Magnesium Float.xml file using any text editor. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. For example.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. 2. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. 100) Example pattern definition (p. For example. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. Open the TilePatternCatalog. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Surface treatment (p. 4. Magnesium Float. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Save the file. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. 1 for concrete finish. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. For example. The file is located in the . Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ".. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. Surface treatment (p. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1.

Save the TilePatternCatalog.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. Other elements are optional. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. 4. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . 100) Example pattern definition (p. 3. and then modify it to suit your needs.xml file. Tiled surface treatment (p.xml file. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p.

the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. starting from the origin of the surface treatment.xml file.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.

Located in the . 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions.. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.xml file. Located in the . Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. TilePatternCatalog. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.xml file. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. For example. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. herringbone.. Filenames identify the pattern types.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.

Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. Required. The origin of an individual tile. At least one required. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. defined from the origin of the pattern. Required. and manufacturing reasons. 116) Splitting parts (p. 108) Cuts (p. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Optional. Optional. practical. concrete slabs. Optional. Color of the tile or mortar. Required. defined by the RGB values (0– 255).5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. Required. 104) Fittings (p. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. and concrete panels). 113) Cambering parts (p. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 115) Combining parts (p. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. In Tekla Structures. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Tile pattern element. Optional. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. 100) 4. See also Chamfers (p. steel and concrete polybeams.

The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. 2. 4. Chamfers (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Click Modify. Modify the chamfer properties. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. 3. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. You can modify the default chamfers. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. which does not change the geometry of the part. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. See also Select the part. 5. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p.

Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. You can modify the default chamfers. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. b Modify the chamfer properties.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. 3. Select the part you want to chamfer. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. Optional: Modify the chamfer. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. See also Chamfering part corners (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . 4. 2. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. 5. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1.

perpendicular to the view plane. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 232) Chamfers (p. 3. c Click OK. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. 4.6. 104) Creating a fitting (p. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. details. Pick the first point of the cutting line. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. which passes through the cutting line you pick. 2. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. and so on. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. which makes it easier to create connections. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p.

Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. see Fittings affect NC data. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. You must create cuts in a plane view. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. See also Cutting parts with a line (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. In situations like this. See also Fittings (p. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. For more information on how to change this. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. 240) Cutting efficiently (p.

Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. for example. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. You can cut parts that already have cuts. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. This can be useful. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges.

you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 4. To cut a part with a line: 1. See also Cuts (p. 4. To close the polygon. 2. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. 109) Line cuts (p. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 2. For example. 3. Select the part you want to cut. 5. 109) Polygon cuts (p. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. Pick the side you want to remove. 5. 3. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . Select the part you want to cut. Cuts (p. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on.

and strip footings. The part cut does not affect other parts. concrete slabs. contour plates. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 5. 3). b Select the cutting part and press Delete. Alternatively. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. concrete panels. 2. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. To cut a part with another part: 1. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 3. 6.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. 109) Part cuts (p. 2. See also Cuts (p. 4. 3. Select the cutting part. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. Pick another existing corner (4). Pick the corner to remove (5). Pick an existing corner (1). 4. Select the part you want to modify. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Delete the cutting part. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command.

Fine-tuning part shape (p. Click Modify to warp the slab. 3. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. 2. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. use the dz2 field. • 3.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. 6. In the Start field. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. Click OK to close the dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. use the dz1 field. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. In the End field. See also Warping concrete parts (p. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. Modify the chamfer properties. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. Click Modify to warp the beam. For example. 5. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. relative to the part reference line. Move the chamfers. Go to the Deforming tab. 2. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. relative to the part reference line. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 4. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field.

For example. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. To see the warping angle of a single slab.Linear dialog box. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. type a value in the appropriate direction field. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. and go to the Deforming tab. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. 5. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. Click Move. Select the chamfer you want to move.4. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. In the Move . create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. 4. 8. Click OK to close the dialog box. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. 6. which warps the slabs. 2. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. For example. See also Warping concrete parts (p. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. 7.

Cambering parts (p. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . In the Cambering field. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. Go to the Deforming tab. define the degree of camber. 4. in other words. Click Modify. 3. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. 104) Cambering a part (p. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.See also Warping concrete parts (p. When drawings are created. and embeds in the model. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. skews. including the template output. Cambering affects the position of cuts. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. 2. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part.

You can add the new combined part to another combined part. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. For example. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. In the Shortening field. define the degree of shortening. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 2. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 4. 4. 115) 4. In the Shortening field. When you select the parts you want to combine. Click Modify. Go to the Deforming tab. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. Go to the Deforming tab. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. See also Combining two parts into one (p. 3. enter a negative value. 3. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. 2.

curved beams without offsets. You can use splitting with straight parts. 3. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. 2. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. Click Edit > Combine. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Select the second part. You cannot split polybeams.1.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. 116) 4. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Combining parts (p. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Select the part you want to attach. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. 3. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. See also Combining parts (p. Select the part to attach to. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. 2. Select the first part. When you combine parts.

3. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. Select the part you want to split. welds or surface treatments.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Pick a point for the dividing line. See also Splitting parts (p. and on the same side of the part. See also Click Edit > Split. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. Splitting parts (p. 3. check the result after splitting. Click Edit > Split. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. 4. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. 2. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 2. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. If you split contour plates that have bolts. Select the part you want to split.

keyboard shortcuts. 142) 5. or pull out for a wider view. 119) Rotating the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . You can use a mouse. or a combination of both. 124) Creating a screenshot (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. Scroll forward to zoom in. 122) Flying through the model (p. 121) Moving the model (p. 128) Visualizing project status (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. and backward to zoom out. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 119) Inquiring the model (p. 135) Checking the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. See also Zooming the model (p. you can move and rotate the model.

119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Zooming the model (p. c Click Modify. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. select Wire frame. • See also To zoom out. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. press Page Up. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. If this option is off. 2. See also Viewing the model (p.If you do not have a wheel mouse. Create a zoom window. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. Open a wire frame view of the model. 2. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. press Page Down. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. Place the mouse pointer over the model. For more information on each command. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. b In the View type list box. see the corresponding menu tooltip. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1.

Click the Magnifier icon. See also Zooming the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . To rotate the model. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. As you move the pointer in the general view. menu commands. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. 4. and then drag the pointer to size the window. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. Click a starting corner for the zoom window.e 3. zoom in and out in the zoom window. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. To change the level of magnification. In wire frame views.

The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Click Modify. 3. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Pick a position in the view. 213) Viewing the model (p. See also Rotation settings (p. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 2. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. and then pick a position in the view. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. To relocate the center of rotation. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. 2. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. 2. For more information on each command. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . press v. 2. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. Press Ctrl + R. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model.

changing direction and varying the speed as you go. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. To fly through a model: 1. c Click OK. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. To change the camera angle. 2.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. down. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . 3. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. b In the Projection list box. select Perspective. Move the model using the Pan command 1. 4. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. • To change the flying direction. press Esc. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. Use the up. you can travel through a model.. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. Click View > Fly. > Model View. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. Select a view. You can also adjust the field of view setting. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. 2. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. To activate the middle button pan. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. c Click Modify. 3. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. Set view projection to Perspective. • • To move up or down. To stop panning. left and right arrows on the keyboard. or Shift+M. drag the mouse in the desired direction.. 5. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. scroll with the mouse wheel. 2. The arrow indicates the current flying direction.

2. Viewing the model (p. or the entire Tekla Structures window. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed.. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. To finish creating clip planes. See also To delete a clip plane. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. To create a clip plane: 1. Click View > Create Clip Plane. 5. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. To stop flying.• 6. To move a clip plane. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. You can use screenshots in posters. view. press Esc. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered.. 4. 6. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. brochures. Select a plane. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. press Esc.

4. select Main Frame. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Click Capture. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. To capture the active view. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. Click Options. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. for example. See also Creating a screenshot (p. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. 2. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom.3. Select Place on clipboard.. 125) Screenshot settings (p. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. Click Capture. To print a screenshot: 1. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. select View.bmp) format to use it. select Rendered view. Set the desired properties and click OK. 5.png) files.bmp format. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 .. Creating a screenshot (p. as a custom component thumbnail. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. Creating a screenshot (p. 4. select Dialog. 2. the screenshot commands might not always work properly.. 6. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. 7. 3. select View without Borders.. click Pick view and select a view. Under Capture. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1.. To capture the active view without borders..

the tool shows the total area. See also Inquiring object properties (p. See also Inquiring object properties (p.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. and length of the selected model object. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1.. See also Inquiring the model (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. 2. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. see the Template Editor user documentation.. For more information on how to use templates. Select an object. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. Select a part.5. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. 126) Object property report templates (p.. within the model. 2. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. By default. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. weight. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. See also Inquiring the model (p. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. or a group of objects. To inquire object properties: 1. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding.

Change the position number of the new attribute. 2. The file is located in the . 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder.config file: 1. Click Manage contents. • 4. • To change the order of the attributes. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. MAX. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. • To add more attributes to the tool window. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66].config file in the .config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. Open the InquiryTool. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. and /) to form equations..config file in any standard text editor.lst file located in the . By default... To modify the default attributes. use the Up and Down buttons. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 3. 3. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM... The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. click Edit. • To create new calculated attributes. Use the InquiryTool. 2. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. • To modify the calculated attributes. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. or MIN) from the list box. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. AVERAGE. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. edit the InquiryTool. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. For example. -.. click Add….. • To remove attributes from the tool window. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window... The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. *. the file contains 65 attributes...

5... Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 128) Display settings (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. Save the file. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. to open the Display dialog box. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. Modify the NAME. 128) Representation options (p. UNIT. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. 6. DISPLAY_NAME.4. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. 2. DATATYPE. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 216) Representation options In rendered views. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . For example. When you redraw a view. 126) 5. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 132) Object groups (p.lst file. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 3. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. 132) Object representation settings (p. Showing and hiding objects (p. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. Click Display.

surfaces are not.e. i. Parts are transparent. Example In this example. i. underlying parts are not visible. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. and their surfaces are shaded. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . In this example. parts are transparent.e. component objects are displayed as Rendered. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. component objects are displayed as Rendered.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed.

128) Hiding unselected parts (p. The parts are shown as sticks. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines.. To hide selected parts: 1.. 2. parts are not transparent. Select the parts you want to hide. To completely hide the parts.5 and Shift+1. Other parts are almost completely transparent. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Click View > Hide Part. for example.. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. i.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. • • See also To make the parts visible again. 3. Showing and hiding objects (p. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. when viewing clash check results in a large model.e. This can be useful. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. This option is useful. for example.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components..

2. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. The unselected parts become almost transparent. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. cuts. 4. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. Showing and hiding objects (p. To show the unselected parts as sticks. 2. To make the parts visible again. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Hide an assembly 1. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. 2. and other details belonging to the assembly. Click View > Redraw All. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 3. welds. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. To clear the exact lines effect. See also Select the part. fittings. click View > Redraw All. Showing and hiding objects (p. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Select the assembly you want to hide. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. To display a part with exact lines: 1. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. bolts. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures displays all parts. To completely hide the unselected parts. Right-click and select Redraw View.

128) Creating an object group (p. Click View > Redraw All. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1... 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties.. 4. 2. Modify the object group settings. c In the Value list box. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. d Add more rows. Click Object group. type a value or select one from the model. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. and Condition list boxes. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. Right-click and select Redraw View. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. Property. Select the component you want to hide. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. to open the Object Group . 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. 3.. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Tekla Structures displays all bolts. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. welds. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1.Representation dialog box. 128) Refreshing views (p. 133) Visualizing project status (p. b Select options from the Category. 128) Refreshing views (p.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. and other details belonging to the component. a Click Add row. 133) Deleting an object group (p. 2.

Object groups (p. For example. Object groups have the file name extension *. • To make an object group available in another model. Click Save as to save the object group. 2. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Object groups (p. 2. Restart Tekla Structures.PObjGrp. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1.PObjGrp.5. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. and they have the file name extension *. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Select where you want to copy the object group. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. 3. copy the file to the system folder. Select the object group you want to copy. 6. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. See also Object groups (p. • To make an object group available in all models.

Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 8. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 3. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. If an object belongs to several object groups. 9. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. 7... To create object representation settings: 1. Click Add row. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 4. 6. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 2. 5. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings.

See also Creating a visualization (p. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.rep.rep. and they have the file name extension *. See also Object representation settings (p. Object representation settings (p. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. 133) Color settings (p. For example. Restart Tekla Structures. • To make the settings available in all models. • To make the settings available in another model. Select where you want to copy the settings. Apply. Restart Tekla Structures. 133) 5. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. 2.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. 213) Transparency settings (p. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . 3. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. or OK. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. To create project status visualizations. 2. copy them to the system folder. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. See also Object representation settings (p.

2.4d. click the step buttons. c Define the length of the time step. To view the visualization in the model. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. Modify the visualization settings. 5. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Visualizing project status (p. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 2. 4. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. 3. copy them to the system folder. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. Restart Tekla Structures.. a In the Object representation list box. 6. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. and they have the file name extension *. select one of the predefined object representation settings. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. 4. Restart Tekla Structures. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. • To make the settings available in all models. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. • To make the settings available in another model. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. See also Visualizing project status (p.rep) and object group files (*. Select where you want to copy the settings.. 3. See also Visualizing project status (p.4d. 2.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly.

The Select Date dialog box appears. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. To define an erection schedule: 1.Representation dialog box.. Visualizing project status (p. select Object. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 .. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. 5. 3. On the Status tab. To make it easier to select parts. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. 2. 6. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. e Select Review date and click OK. d In the Value list box. c In the Condition list box. select Select date.. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. to open the Object Representation dialog box. After that. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute.. Click Object group. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled.. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. select Earlier than or equal. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.In the following example.. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. b In the Property list box. 4. 8. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. 7. Click User-defined attributes. 2. to open the Object Group . a In the Category list box. Finally. See also Click Modify. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date.. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. select INSTALL_PLAN. Click View > Representation > Object representation.. To create the object group: 1. 3. See also Visualizing project status (p.

select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. c In the Color list box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. 2. 6. enter a name for the object representation settings. select the object group All. For example. Click Save as. 3. 2. Define the length of the time step. In the Object representation list box. In the box next to the Save as button.. a Click Add row. select the object group you just created. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 138). 5. 133) Visualizing project status (p. d In the Transparency list box. d In the Transparency list box. to open the Object Representation dialog box. See also Object groups (p. 4. Click Save as. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. 137). To create visualization settings: 1. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. select Color by class. select Visible.. you will create project status visualization settings. In the box next to the Save as button. For example. scheduled_erection_date... 4. To create object representation settings: 1.4. 7. See also Object representation settings (p. b In the Object group list box. In the box next to the Save as button. enter a name for the visualization. select Hidden. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 5. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. b In the Object group list box. plan_same_or_before_review_date. 3. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 5. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. c In the Color list box. select Color by class. a Click Add row. enter a name for the group. 132) Visualizing project status (p.

135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. To view the visualization in the model. 2. 3.. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. click the step buttons.See also Visualizing project status (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Click Load.. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 138). The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . 4. In the list box next to the Load button.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 143) Detecting clashes (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. See also Measuring objects (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 135) 5.5 Checking the model When the model is complete. it is useful to check the model for errors.

Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. Measuring objects (p. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 4. 3. Select a part. the distance between two points and between bolts. 2. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 2. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. Pick the center point. 143) Measuring angles (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . 4. Pick the end point. Pick the starting point. See also Measuring distances (p. 3. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. Select a bolt group. For more information on each command. Pick the starting point. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 3. To measure bolt spacing: 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. 5. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. Measuring objects (p. Pick the end point. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. All measurements are temporary.

143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results.See also Measuring objects (p. bolts. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. or reference model objects that collide. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 145) Clash Check Manager (p.

Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. Select the objects you want to check. To locate the colliding objects. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . select a row in the clash check log. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 2. you can choose whether to continue checking. or stop checking. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. You can continue working during the clash check.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Click Tools > Clash Check. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. If colliding objects are found. 3. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p.

the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. double-click a row. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. 4. When you re-run clash check. 2. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. 5. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. select a row in the list of clashes. See also To highlight a clash in the model. You can continue working during the clash check. To see which properties have an effect. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. Only certain object properties affect this flag. or missing. The clash is not new. modified. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. If the object has been modified (for example. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. 1. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. Click to check the objects. 3. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. A check mark it is visible. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. Clash Check Manager (p. In the model. When the clash check is complete. resolved. 2. right-click one of the column headings. if the profile has changed).

Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. select a session. Click OK. In Clash Check Manager. 3. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. 2. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. 3. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. . 3. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. In the Open dialog box. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. 2. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. See also Clash Check Manager (p. 2. In Clash Check Manager. Click .

If the fields are empty. Click Save. 2.. 3. icon. Click In the Save As dialog box. 3. By default. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. Save as. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. the clearance will be zero.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. Click Tools > Options > Options.00. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . In the File name box. enter a new name. go to the Clash check page. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. 5. Modify the bolt clearance values. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field.To Save the active session Do this Click . Click Apply or OK. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . In the Options dialog box. 5. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. See also Clash Check Manager (p. 2. 4.. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. If you clear the check boxes.. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. To save time. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. Example For example.. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. P1002. If you do this. 154) Family numbers (p. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. . P1003. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. When you run numbering. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts.. Planning your numbering series (p. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. For example. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. such as plates. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p.

If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 .1. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. Under Numbering series. Go to the Family numbering tab. for example. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. Under Compare. When you use family numbering. define a part prefix and a start number.. 2. 4. go to the Cast unit tab. 4. Click Modify. 3. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. and then click Add. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. Defining numbering series (p. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. b Select a numbering series from the list. 2. 3. they get unique qualifier numbers. However. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. See also Defining numbering series (p. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. This can be used. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately.

160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. Click Assign. If you do not select any check boxes.. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. See also Family numbers (p. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. Family numbers (p. only one family number per series is assigned. 3.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. Click Apply. 2. For more information on each command. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. clear the existing numbers. but not all of them. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. 6. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 7. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. Update numbering in the model.Select at least one check box. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model .. 4. See also Defining numbering series (p. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. If a series overlaps another. b Modify the settings. c Click Apply or OK. 161) 6. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change..db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. 5. If you select all the check boxes. 155) Clearing numbers (p.

157) Numbering reinforcements (p. If you add new parts. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. The default start number is 1. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 158) Changing numbers (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. See also Numbering objects (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. However. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. for example. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 159) Clearing numbers (p. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. the x coordinate. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. 158) Control numbers (p. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. However. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis.See also Numbering settings (p. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. In this case you should renumber the parts. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts.

the sort order is X Y Z. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. 2. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. Example In the following example. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Numbering objects (p. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. and Third direction is Z. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. When you assign control numbers. if First direction is -X. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. Second direction is Y. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. their y coordinates are also compared. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. their z coordinates are also compared. See also Select the parts. With negative directions (such as -X). For example. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). See also Numbering objects (p. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts.

This command does not change the numbering series.See also Numbering objects (p. to assign the control numbers 2. • 3. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. 158) Control number settings (p. specify which parts get control numbers. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. a In the Start number of control numbers field. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. define the interval. type the first control number to be used. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. 4. or specific parts. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. In the Status list box. 4. b In the Step value field. multi-position.. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. 3. do not select any parts. Define the control numbers to be used. select the parts in the model. do not select any parts in the model. 11. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . To assign control numbers to parts: 1. and then click Create. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. and then click Create. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. or family numbers after you run numbering. 5.. See also Control numbers (p. 5. 8. To only consider specific parts. See also Control numbers (p. etc. In the Renumber list box. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. select the parts. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. number the model. 8. Click Apply. For example. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. 2. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. assembly.. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. Click Apply. 6. 2. Indicate which parts to consider. • To consider all parts in the model. 7. In the Numbering list box.

160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. To clear the position numbers: 1.1. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. 4.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. Click Assign. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. 3. For more information on each command. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. Set the desired properties. See also Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. Select an object. Next time you run numbering. 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. This is for information only and the number is still changed. 2. To create a standard-part model: 1. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. see the corresponding menu tooltip. see the corresponding menu tooltip. If the number you specified is already in use. See also Numbering objects (p. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. For more information on each command. This functionality only applies to steel parts.

it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. STD2. and that it points to the correct standard-part model.. 11.. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes.. 12...6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. If you have selected the Part name check box. 10. especially before producing drawings or reports.. Delete all unnecessary items. 8. > Numbering. See also Numbering objects (p. Number the model. 156) 6. Click Check for standard parts and Apply.. 4. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. STD1. 7. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. 5.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Save the standard-part model. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. For information on how to interpret the log file. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 3. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. Explode all components.. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. Open another model. See also Numbering objects (p. 13. and so on). ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. 156) 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . see Numbering history log. 9. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options..For example. StandardParts. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model.

164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. Number the model. Modify one of the beams. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 6.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 2. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 4. 5. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 156) Changing numbers (p. 5. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p.2. See also Numbering objects (p. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. Number the model. Unless you want to repair the entire model. All the beams have the part position number P1. 159) 6. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 3. 4. Number the model. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. To number identical beams: 1.

the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. but each pair has a different length. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. and each pair has the same length. All beams have the same profile. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The parts have the same main profile. but the holes are different. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria.

. 10. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. Select the Column orientation check box. 6. Create steel columns. 2. and then click Apply. To number parts in selected phases: 1. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. 7. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. and then click Apply. 4.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. and another one for steel columns. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 3. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Select one of the steel columns in the model. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Before you start. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. 8. divide the model into phases.. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. 9. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 5.

7. For example.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. Modify the numbering settings. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 3.. 5. 4. Select the parts you want to number. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. 6. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. Select one of the parts you want to number.. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. and then click Apply. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping.

164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project.

You can classify information according to your needs. and erection sequences.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 181) 7. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. based on purchasing contracts. for example. 172) Lotting (p. 167) Phases (p. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 174) Parametric modeling (p. and categorize object types. 171) Sequences (p. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. lots.

169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. See also Creating logical areas (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p.

In large projects. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). Create object type categories. Click Tools > Model Organizer.. In the model. See also Organizing the model (p. b Click New Building. and select Add Selected to Category.. select the area for the section or the story. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). Select a section or story in Model Organizer. 4. Create a path structure. 2. 3. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . b Click New Object Type. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. c Click New Section. You can also create subtypes for object types.. You may create as many sections and storys as you need.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. Click Tools > Model Organizer. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . In the model. 2. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. d Click New Story. right-click the selected section or story.. See also In Model Organizer. To make it easier to view and select parts. 3. 4. a Right-click Logical Areas. 5.. In Model Organizer. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. Organizing the model (p. a Right-click Object Types. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings..

Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Drag the objects to another category.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. 1. 1. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. To show all objects again. right-click the category and select Redraw View. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. Select the objects in the model. 2. See also Organizing the model (p. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. 2. 1. 3. right-click the category and select Redraw View. See also Organizing the model (p. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. 3. To show all objects again. 1. Drag the category to another location. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the new area in the model. 2. Right-click and select Remove from Category. 2.

. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. for example. hide objects. c Phases (p. 171) Custom phase properties (p. Click Add to create new phases. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. the columns. 167) 7. 4. and then click Modify phase. select a phase from the list. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. select the objects.). When a part of the model is completed. Organizing the model (p. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. Click OK to save your changes. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. From now on. according to their phase number.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. Right-click and select Delete.. 5. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. and copy objects from other models. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases.. Click Tools > Phase Manager.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. 2. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. You then copy this basic model to all users. select an object and click Phases by objects. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. You can create reports and views.. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. 3. etc.. For example. 3. First create a basic model that includes. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. Divide the model into phases. 2. 3. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. Click OK to confirm. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. This is phase 1.. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. a To identify the phase of an object. 4. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object.

Click Apply. a Open the objects. use the syntax PHASE.inp file in any standard text editor. For example. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number.inp file. add a new user-defined attribute. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. none. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. 6. The first part gets the sequence number 1. the second part number 2. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. c Save the file. The value_type must be integer. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. Creating a sequence (p.inp file. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. To create a new sequence: 1. To finish adding parts to the sequence. You can define several sequences for different purposes. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. 3. b In the Part attributes section. "0. To use phase properties in reports and templates. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. and so on. "0. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. d Restart Tekla Structures. If you click Yes. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. and the field_format must be %d. See also Phases (p.0".inp file. integer. For example. "%d". 5. 4.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. Type a name for the sequence. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. MY_INFO_1. "My Info 1".ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. no. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .0") 2. 171) 7.

Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. To finish adding parts to the sequence. See also Sequences (p. See also Sequences (p.. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. To check the sequence of a part: 1. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. 3. 3. For example.. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. If the sequence changes.. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part..See also Sequences (p. 4. 5. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. 2. MY_INFO_1. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. 2.. Select a sequence name from the list. 4. Click OK or Apply. For example: See also Sequences (p. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. Click User-defined attributes. Select a part. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. Click Modify. Click Tools > Sequencer. 2. Modify the sequence number. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. you must redefine the whole sequence.

See also Select a sequence name from the list. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. However.2. See also Creating a lot (p. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. 2. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. 5. For most model parts. To view the properties of a part. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click Delete and then click Yes. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. and material of the part. For example. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties.. Click Add. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. length. 3. the weight is based on the size. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle.. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. 175) Deleting a lot (p. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. See also Lotting (p. 4. For example. When you define lots.. With this information. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity.. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. Click Properties. In that case. 6. 175) Sequences (p. 172) 7. 3. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. Sequences (p. Type a lot number in the Number field.

Select an existing lot from the list. Click OK to close the dialog box. 3. 3. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. 4. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. When you hold down Shift. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Click Properties. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. 2.. Click Apply selected. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. If you simply select parts. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. 3. 4. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. Click Delete. 5. 2.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Select an existing lot from the list. Select an existing lot from the list. When you re-open the dialog box. 5. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Click Apply selected. 2. 4. Click OK to close the dialog box. Lotting (p. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target.. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. To add parts to a lot: 1. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. Lotting (p. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. See also Lotting (p. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded.

which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. For example. so that when you move the wall. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. Variables can define fixed properties. They can also include formulas. Create dependencies. including its geometry. such as the name of a column. between model objects.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . the column follows. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. location and relationship to other parts. or relationships. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. such as a beam or column.7.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 176) Parametric profiles (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 53) 7.. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 2.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. Open a Tekla Structures model.. and the Variables dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. the Sketch Browser. and how to use them in a model.

circles.See also Sketch Browser (p. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. constraints. and vice versa. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. dimensions. arcs. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 182) Variables (p. tree-like structure. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. or they can include formulas. or 2) and thickness of the sketch.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . Opening the cross section sketch editor (p.. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 1. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. 1=Line . so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. Variables can define fixed properties. Lines. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. arcs.

184) Sketching an arc (p. and circles. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Pick points to create each line segment. 2. See also Sketching a polyline (p. Ensure that you create a closed shape. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. such as a cold rolled section. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. To sketch a polyline: 1. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. 4. arcs. 185) Sketching a circle (p.

To sketch a circle: 1. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). Open the cross section sketch editor. Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch an arc: 1. 2. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. Pick three points to define the arc. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). 4. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . 2.

187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Before you start. Select another line in the sketch (2). To add a parallel constraint: 1. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To straighten the entire profile. 3. close the shape. Select a line in the sketch (1). you can straighten lines. Although the shape is locked. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. For example. and add chamfers in corners. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. you can still rotate the profile in the model. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. create 90 degree angles. force lines to meet.

Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. by extending or shortening one or both lines. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. The lines do not have to intersect. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . The lines do not have to intersect.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. 3. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Select another line in the sketch (2). Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Select a line in the sketch (1). Before you start. Before you start.

Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Before you start. Pick the end of the first line (1). 2. To add a fixed constraint: 1. Before you start. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis.1. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Select a line in the sketch. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 4. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. 2). Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Pick the end of the second line. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.

Select the lines you want to straighten (1. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 2. Click Refresh. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Select the constraint you want to delete. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 4. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. 2). 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 3. To add a vertical constraint: 1. Before you start.

if you create the dimension marked in red. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. In the following example. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. To add a radial dimension: 1. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. Before you start. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the arc or circle. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric.

Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Before you start. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. 3. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the first line (1). To add an angle dimension: 1. between two points you pick. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Before you start. 3.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. Select the second line (2). scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. 3. 2. Select the part positioning planes. 3. To revert to the default positioning planes. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click to show the connection positioning planes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . 3. 2.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Select the connection positioning planes. Change the Value field. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 4. 2. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click to show the part positioning planes. 4. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click Modify.

Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. 2. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. special characters. Type a name in the Prefix field.db1 file. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box.4. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. Update an existing cross section 1. and then click OK. To save a sketched cross section. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Click Save sketch as . 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder.bin file. 2. and then click OK. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. or blank spaces in the cross section name. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Click Save sketch . for example. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. Type a new name in the Prefix field. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. You cannot include numbers. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. 5. 2. Click Save sketch . The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles.

Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 2. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. such as a cold rolled section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click Modify. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. you can create rounded cross section corners. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor.. Double-click an object to modify its properties. For example. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. To modify a chamfer: 1. 5. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. 5. 4. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Modify the object properties. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. Click OK to close the dialog box. 6. 7. Close the object properties dialog box.. See also next to their name. 3. 4. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. 2.

right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. P1). right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. define the default value for the parameter variable. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. In the Sketch Browser. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. In the Formula column. outwards. or 2) after =. When you change the thickness. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. sketch an open polyline. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. 2. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . P1) after =. Type the value of the thickness after =. 3. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. b Type the extrusion type number (0. 1. the profile grows inwards. 4. depending on the extrusion type.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. In the cross section sketch editor. or symmetrically in both directions.

7. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. button next to the Profile field. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. Click OK to apply the changes. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. you are ready to use it in the model. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. • 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . Open the Select Profile dialog box. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. click the Select. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. 4. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. 5. If you have applied constraints correctly. click the button next to the Shape field. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 2... 6.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. • For steel parts. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. Pick points to place the part in the model. See also For concrete parts. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p.

bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. Use the cross section name as the filename. you have to export the cross section to a file (*.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. for example Microsoft Paint. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Save the image in bmp format in the . 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p..uel).. 2. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections.bmp. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. 3. 4. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. Open the cross section sketch editor. 5. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. for example. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. mysketch.

uel files from a folder when creating a new model. 6. 7. To automatically import all *. 6.bin file. right-click and select Import. or copy the profdb. 5. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 3. 3. Select Sketched profiles from the list. In the component list. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. Select the cross sections you want to export.. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. from the pop-up menu.. To import sketched cross sections: 1. 5. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 4. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. Right-click and select Export. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.. In the Export Components dialog box. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. In the Import Components dialog box. 2. Click OK. 4. 7.uel). To export several cross sections. from the pop-up menu.. you need to import both the cross section and profile. Click OK. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. 8. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. 2. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Select the file to import. browse for the folder. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. By default. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. To use profiles from a model.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file.

Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Finally. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. At this stage. When you use the profile in the model. After that. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . you will use the cross section in a model. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. 2. Open the cross section sketch editor. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it.

Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p.3. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 4. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands.

192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 198) Variables (p. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. enter the following values for the distances: 4. and h2. and 3. command to create the distances h1. In the Variables dialog box. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p.2. h2. 5. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . h1. Save the cross section.

do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. In the Sketch Browser. In the Variables dialog box. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. do the following: . 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. b In the Formula box. b Right-click ExtrusionType. b In the Formula box. 2. 183) Sketch Browser (p. c In the Visiblity box. select Show. enter Thickness. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. enter 20.00. See also Save the cross section. In the Variables dialog box.00. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. and then enter =P1. 2. d In the Label in dialog box box. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . c In the Visiblity box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. select Show. d In the Label in dialog box box. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. 3.1. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. enter 10. Variables (p. a Right-click Thickness. enter Chamfer. select Add equation from the pop-up menu.

4. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. Click OK to apply the changes. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. 183) Sketch Browser (p.. In the Sketch Browser. For concrete parts. 2. click the Select. button next to the Profile field. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. click the button next to the Shape field. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. • For steel parts. 6.. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. • 3. See also Save the cross section. and then enter =P2. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 5. and select the CSHAPE profile. 4. 5. Pick points to place the part in the model. 199) Variables (p. b Right-click Chamfer X. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. Open the Select Profile dialog box. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y.

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

211) Grid line properties (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 227) Numbering settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p. 233) 8. 213) Color settings (p. 211) View settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 212) Point properties (p. 215) Part properties (p. 217) Detail properties (p. 212) Rotation settings (p. See also Grid properties (p.

and z directions (x and y are relative. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Grid lines (p. See also X . The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . Select to bind objects to grid lines.. y. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. z is absolute).Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. and z directions..elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines.. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. y. Select to bind objects to the grid line. Grids (p.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. Option Phase The phase number.. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x.

Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction.Rotate and Move . Indicates the correct location of the point. and z coordinates of a point. Option As is The current color is used. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . You can filter objects by their ID numbers. All parts are colored according to their Class property. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction.Option Id The ID number. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. See also Object representation settings (p. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . The rotation angle between the original and new position. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. Coordinates See also Points (p.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. y. Defines the number of copies created. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. The local (work plane) and global x. which is used in log files. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list.

Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Saves the screenshot to a file. the settings will be read from that object group. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Object is transparent in rendered views. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background.. The height of the screenshot. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. There are limitations to pixel density. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Sets the line width. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views.. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Object representation settings (p. The Options. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Object is not shown in the views. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Option As is The current visibility.

Which object group is displayed in the view. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how.. Opens the Object Group .2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings.. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. 215) Display settings (p. The thickness of the displayed slice of model.. 215) Grid view properties (p. The appearance of the model in the view. as do text and points. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective).View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. You can zoom. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. See also View properties (p. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings.. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. The projection type of rendered views. rotate the model. Display. text and point size remains the same. Visible object group Object group. the zoom remains on part surfaces. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones.. See also Views (p.See also Creating a screenshot (p. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. When you zoom. In addition. 124) 8.. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . or fly through it. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. Rotation is view-specific.

washers.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. This option increases display speed significantly. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. or large parts of it. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges.g. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. If the View name prefix field is left empty. button displays the current view properties. This name overrides the name in the view properties. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Each view plane has its own view properties. e. when viewing the entire model. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Exact shows bolts. but skips cuts. Some of these settings may affect system performance. and nuts as solids. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. Reference line shows parts as sticks. Exact displays the cuts.. no prefix is used. None does not create any views. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. The Show. PLAN +3000. See also Creating grid views (p. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts..

221) Pad footing properties (p. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 220) Twin profile properties (p. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. 222) Strip footing properties (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. When using this option. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). Exact shows holes as solids. This option is only available in wire frame views. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. See also Steel column properties (p. 218) Steel beam properties (p. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 .Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 218) Contour plate properties (p. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. Point size Defines the size of points in views.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. 223) Concrete column properties (p. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. 128) 8.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . relative to its reference point. The file name extension of a column properties file is *.g. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of the column. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. relative to its reference point. Creating a steel column (p. fire retardant coating. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. The material of the column. The user-definable name of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. steel polybeam. For example. The assembly mark series of the column.clm. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The horizontal position of the column. The analysis properties of the column. etc. with anti-corrosive paint. cambering. hot galvanized. and shortening of the column. The type of finish. How the column is rotated around its axis. The design information of the column. Class Used to group columns. and to identify parts of the same type.prt. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Finish is user-definable. e. or curved beam. Warping.

For example. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. The finish type. fire retardant coating. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. Creating a steel beam (p. Finish is user-definable. The position of a beam on the work plane.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. The analysis properties of the beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . It describes how the part surface has been treated. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The support conditions of the beam ends. The design information of the beam. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. and to identify parts of the same type. The assembly mark series of the beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The user-definable name of a beam. The position of a beam.cpl. The material of a beam. etc. hot galvanized. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam.g. e. Class Used to group beams. Warping. cambering. with anti-corrosive paint. and shortening of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The loading properties of the beam. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane.

Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. For example. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Profile Material The profile of the beam. fire retardant coating. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. hot galvanized. The design information of the contour plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. with anti-corrosive paint.g. for example PL20. The format is PL+ thickness. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of the contour plate. in terms of depth. etc. The analysis properties of the contour plate. The spanning properties of the plate. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. and to identify parts of the same type. Profile The profile of the contour plate. Finish is user-definable.crs. The user-definable name of the beam. The user-definable name of the contour plate. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The material of the beam. Creating a contour plate (p. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. The loading properties of the plate. The finish type. The material of the contour plate. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. e. perpendicular to the work plane. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type.

The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions.g. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. etc. Class Used to group beams.g. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. The analysis properties of the beam. The material of the beams. The type of finish. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. relative to its reference point. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. Finish is user-definable. fire retardant coating. The design information of the beam. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. with anti-corrosive paint. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. relative to its reference point. e. For example. The position of the beam. fire retardant coating. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. The support conditions of the beam ends. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. hot galvanized. e.Option Finish The finish type. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.dia. hot galvanized. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. The horizontal position of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. with anti-corrosive paint. The user-definable name of the twin profile.

The material of the pad footing. relative to the beam’s reference line.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. e. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The vertical clearance between the profiles. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. For example. The vertical position of the pad footing. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. in terms of depth. The type of finish. Class Used to group pad footings. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The analysis properties of the twin profile. etc. The design information of the twin profile. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing.cpf. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. relative to its reference point. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Creating a twin profile (p. The beam position. with anti-corrosive paint. hot galvanized.g. Defines how the profiles are combined. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example. perpendicular to the work plane. fire retardant coating. and to identify parts of the same type.

Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. and to identify parts of the same type. with anti-corrosive paint. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. Class Used to group strip footings. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.g. The material of the strip footing. The type of finish. relative to its reference point. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. For example. Finish is user-definable. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. e. Creating a pad footing (p. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. hot galvanized. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. fire retardant coating.csf. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. etc. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The analysis properties of the strip footing. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing.

The support conditions of the column ends. The analysis properties of the column. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *.g. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Creating a strip footing (p. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. etc. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. fire retardant coating. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place.ccl. How much the column is rotated around its axis. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Class Used to group columns. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Define the cast unit series of the column. The design information of the column. and to identify parts of the same type. e. Creating a concrete column (p. The type of finish. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. Warping. The material of the column. cambering and shortening of the column. Finish is user-definable. The design information of the footing. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

relative to its reference line. The type of finish. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. It describes how the part surface has been treated. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. Define the cast unit series of the beam. Finish is user-definable. Creating a concrete beam (p.cbm. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . and to identify parts of the same type. e. etc. cambering and shortening of the beam. hot galvanized. Class Used to group beams. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. The analysis properties of the beam.g. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.csl. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. The beam position on the work plane. with anti-corrosive paint. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. The loading properties of the beam. The material of the beam. For example. The support conditions of the beam ends. The offsets of the ends of the beam. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. Warping. fire retardant coating. The design information of the beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.

Class Used to group panels. For example. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). The spanning properties of the slab. etc. e. The loading properties of the slab. The type of finish.g. Class Used to group slabs. It describes how the part surface has been treated.g. For example. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type.cpn. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The design information of the slab. Finish is user-definable. The type of finish. The material of the panel. Define the cast unit series of the slab. with anti-corrosive paint. etc. fire retardant coating. hot galvanized. Creating a concrete slab (p. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. e. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. The analysis properties of the slab. perpendicular to the work plane. in terms of depth. with anti-corrosive paint. The material of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and to identify parts of the same type. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. fire retardant coating. The position of the slab.

Creating a concrete panel (p. Define the cast unit series of the panel. 81) 8. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. relative to its reference line. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. The design information of the panel. The analysis properties of the panel. 229) Weld types (p. The spanning properties of the panel. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . See also Bolt properties (p. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. The loading properties of the panel. The position of the panel. 227) Weld properties (p. The offsets of the ends of the panel.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. Bolt assembly standard/grade. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts.

or co-ordinate. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting.e. Extra length Additional bolt length. Bolt spacing. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. enter a negative value for cut length (e. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. y allowance of a slotted hole. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. In the illustration below. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. group diameter. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. Zero for a round hole. For example. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. Bolt spacing. Zero for a round hole. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. in both directions from the bolt group plane. depending on the bolt group shape. depending on the bolt group shape. If the bolt connects several parts. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . the gap is added to the length of the bolt.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. or coordinate. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. Tolerance = Hole diameter . Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length.g. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. x allowance of a slotted hole. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. -150). Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. number.

Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. 93). Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. or groove. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Bolts (p. 231). The size of the weld. Dy.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. not in drawings. relative to the current work plane. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. The angle of weld preparation. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . At depth Dx. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. but does not display it drawings. Type Angle See Weld types (p. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. Tekla Structures creates the weld. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. For example. bevels.

You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. defining the start and end points of the weld. See Weld position (p. 92). Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. To create a non-continuous weld. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. To change the separator to @. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. For example. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. The space between the welded parts. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. information about the weld specification or process. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. for example. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. for example 50–100. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. for example. 72). but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings.

Welds (p. Defines the electrode strength. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the process type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification.

to give plates varying thicknesses. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. See also Chamfering part corners (p. The dimensions of the chamfer. Use these fields.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. The name of the chamfer. for example. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer.

These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. See also Chamfering part edges (p. The shape and position of the second end point. See also General numbering settings (p. and the shape is straight. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. 234) Control number settings (p. and the shape is straight. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. The shape and position of the first end point.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. and the shape is angled. 107) 8. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. All information on previous numbers is lost.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings.

The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. numbering. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. and save sequence. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. size. The orientation of columns affects numbering. 157). Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. The orientation of beams affects numbering. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. The part name affects numbering. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. and number of holes affects numbering. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. Numbering objects (p. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. See Assembly position numbers (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

Defines the interval between two control numbers.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. No keeps the existing control numbers. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Control numbers (p. Needed only with the By numbering series option. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. If some welds have been removed. Defines which objects are affected by the change. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

237) Part positioning tips (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. 241) 9. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 2. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 239) Right-hand rule (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. from simple frames to entire floors. To stop copying or moving objects. 5. For example. then copying them throughout the model. b Select an object. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. Save time by modeling these areas once. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. Depending on the project. selection filters. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. then copying it to several levels. 4. when creating grids and levels in a new model. Click Save as to save the set of properties. 6. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. 2. 7. For a project that has several identical floors. and object groups. for example. For example. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. 3. To use a default set of part properties. Click Load to load the properties. create an empty view or selection filter. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. The dialog box remains open on the screen. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. c Enter the values you want to use.3. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. This can useful when creating view filters. Before you start. enter a name for the set of properties. try modeling an entire floor. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. In the box next to the Save as button. enter BEAM. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. or an object group. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. Start the Move or Copy command.

Log in to the Tekla Extranet. click Select from model. Page Down and arrow keys. click Select date. you can use the Xmouse option. and then select one of the options. Click Add row. Views (p. the index finger the y axis. 2. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. and then select an object. select the review date. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on.. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. You can either select a date from the calendar. 3. 132) Creating a visualization (p. To select a date.. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. To activate a view. 2.. • See also Use the Page Up. Download and install the application. 2. select one of the options. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. 4. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes.. a b To select an object property. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. index finger. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. to open the Select date dialog box.To select values from the model: 1. Open the Background color in model editor document. or define the number of days before or after the review date. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. With Xmouse active. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. and the middle finger the z axis. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. 3. In the Value list box. When you hold the thumb.

2. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. use polygon cuts. To locate the failure in the model. Cuts (p. Click Display. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. the cut is more likely to succeed. Note that after creating the polygon. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. to open the Display dialog box. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. especially in components. If the component fails. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. Clear the Cuts check box. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. Click Modify. Try to position the cut at least 0. See also Cuts (p. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. 4.. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. • • • • If a cut fails. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips .Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1.. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. For example.3 mm). it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. 3.3 mm outside of the part planes.

Hold down F.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Hold down Z. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. To lengthen a part. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. 2. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. move the part handles.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. This can cause shop errors. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . See also Modifying part length (p. Click a row that contains an ID number. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 2. move the part handles. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. or use the Fit Part End command. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. It can cause problems with connections and details. Click a row that contains an ID number. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files.

This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. always pick points in the same direction. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. and from bottom to top (in positive x. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. such as beams. lines and circles. 40) Points (p. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end.See also Part position (p. Create points. 57) Fittings (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. For example. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. y directions). set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. Use construction planes. pick positions from left to right. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Creating a single grid line (p.

................ 185 assemblies ..................................................................84 chamfering...........86 bolt offsets ................................................................................79 curved beams.............................................115 concrete beams..................................................................................................................... 191 angles.... 85.................................................................................................................................................................157 removing objects .. 135 beams cambering................................................................................................................................83 cast units ................. 75 comparing ..................................................................88 bolt spacing ..................................................... 23 examples..............................................148 creating.............................................................................................73..........83 casting direction ............... 131 sub-assemblies .........................................................72 clash checking....... 149 creating ........................................................................................................................88 a absolute coordinates . 15 views ....................................................83 top-in-form face .............................105 corner chamfers . 76 exploding.............................................................................................................................................83 lotting...................................................................... 74 changing the main assembly....................................................................... 30 angle dimensions ......................82 exploding ................73......81 adding non-concrete objects ........................................... 75 changing the main part. 67........... 86........................................ 227 bolt group position .......................................84 changing the main part............83 highlighting .............................................................. 218 steel polybeams ..................................174 numbering ......................... 79.........................113 bending.........82 adding objects ................. 72 attaching parts...............Index # 3D models......................199 b background color changing. see visualizing project status ........................................82 creating...................................... 88 modifying .................................................................... 39 4D tool.......... 75 showing and hiding ........... 157 removing objects ......................67 warping................................................................105 corner chamfer types........87 bolt group shape.......................................................................................105 edge chamfers..................................69 steel beams ..115 cast in place........................................................... 71 using bolts to create assemblies ... 143 arcs...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 adding objects ............................82 cast unit type .............................................................................................. 71............65 bolts ...143 bolting sub-assemblies............................. 71 using welds to create assemblies ........................ 117 c cambering parts........................................................................................................................................................ 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ............................. 174 nested assemblies .......................... 225 concrete polybeams ............................................................................................................................................ 75 lotting..................68 orthogonal beams..........................107 in sketches .............. 71 examples...................................... 76 highlighting ......................................................................................................................................................................................104 corner chamfer dimensions ............................... 75 joining................... 74 numbering ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................41 construction lines ...................................................................................239 grid color......................................77 beams .......................... 146 clash checking ....... 66...81 casting direction.........................................133 object representation settings............. 225 strip footings .............................................................................................. 51.............................................147 symbols ................................................................................................................ 144...............146 managing results ... 158....................................................28 copying hints and tips......................187 vertical ..238 object groups .............. 149 bolts ..............186 perpendicular ......124 coincident contraints ...................................68........................................................ 219 control numbers ......................................................................................84 columns ........................................................................................................... 81.............................................................................................................235 coordinates coordinate system............. 69.......................................................................................................................... 224 pad footings .........147 changing status .................................................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies.......................................................................... 79.... 78................................142 circles............................................................167 clip planes......147 list of clashes ............... 218 combining parts ................................... 145............................................... 116......................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................... 224 steel columns........187 colliding objects ........... 226 polybeams ..... 222 panels ................................................................79 slabs ...checking sketched cross sections .197 checking the model............ 105....... 159 settings ..................................189 construction objects . 28..........................................................................................................213 finding RGB values......................................................113 constraints....................................................136 corner chamfers ................................................135 project status visualizations ..........................................................................................23 background color examples..144 colors ...................................189 fixed ....................................................188 horizontal ....................................... 145......40 construction circles ..187 deleting ....146 sessions............................146 class................ 232 types and dimensions ...........................23 color settings ...................................................................................................................................................149 components showing and hiding...................................... 80..............................104................. 78........................188 parallel .............. 223 warping ...41 construction planes.....40 contour plates ........................................ 225 cast units.........................................................186 coincident............................. 31 columns concrete columns ............................................................ 78..................................................................................................... 146..148 changing priority .............................................................................................. 78...................................................................................................132 concrete parts ....................................185 Clash Check Manager ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 classifying information .....55 background color .........................................

................................................... 136 screenshots........................................................................................ 174 models.............. 168 sequences.................................................. 67 storys......................................... 139 erection sequences .... 109....................... 80 construction circles......................................................190 radial.............................................................................................................. 78 project status visualizations ...........131 examining the model ............................76 background colors ....................................70............................... 163............................................................... 111 d deleting logical areas . 69 curved beams. 232 end offsets ....... 181 curved parts.......................................... 132 object representation settings ............................................................................................................................. 134 object type categories ............................................................................................................... 109....................................... 30 holes.............192 in sketching .......................................191 deleting from a sketch ........................... 91............. 93....................................................................................................... 112 polygon cuts ................................................................................................................................................................................. 66 steel polybeams ............................................................................. 160 steel beams.............48 dimensions angle...138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section..............162...........................................................171 e edge chamfers........................................................................................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ..................................................................................................... 90 logical areas ...............................................................................................................................................................................127 cuts ....................68....... 165 tile pattern definition ...................................................................... 79 concrete slabs .......... 16 nested assemblies ......................... 41 construction lines ............................................................... 78 sub-assemblies ............................................................................................ 80 standard-part models ...............................................................................................................................................................63 erection schedules.... 124 concrete beams..................................................................................................................................... 110..... 68 fittings.....................................127 modifying contents ......................................................................................171 detail properties ........................................................89......................190 vertical .............................................................................171 exact lines.......... 168 strip footings.......192 display settings ..................................................................................................... 38 grids ......... 71 bolts.............................................. 78 concrete panels...................... 137..191 between two points..... 35 welds ..................................................... 71 tile patterns.............204 defining erection schedules........ 79 concrete columns ...............................137 numbering ......171 object types ..............65............................... 124 sections .................................................................................................................................................................... 172 single bolts .............. 184 slabs................................................................. 68 Custom Inquiry ......................... 67 steel columns ............................................................................. 82 clip planes .............. 88 sketched cross sections .....................................................119 examples assemblies .......................................... 41 construction planes .............................................................................. 69 pad footings. 86 cast units .............................................................................................. 169 orthogonal beams ......................193 horizontal..............................................138 creating project status visualization settings .............101 visualizing erection schedules............................... 108 grid lines......... 32 grid views ..240 line cuts ............................216 distances measuring..... 164............................................................................................................................................ 111 part cuts............................................................................ 107............................................................................ 168 lots.. 40 contour plates......................................137 creating object representation settings. 70 views ................ 74 object groups......... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor..........................................................................227 DGN supported objects ............. 100 twin profiles ..........................creating assemblies ............................................................ 104........................................................................126 adding attributes................23 creating object groups .................................................................................................139 visualizing project status ............ 81 concrete polybeams .........................143 dividing models.....................109 hints and tips ........ 181 sketching cross sections ....

...29 properties... 89..............................................................................................................126 object properties ...42 sketched cross sections..............................................................238 parts...........31 grid color.........................................64 line cuts........................................................................195 reference lines .. 90 horizontal constraints ....................................33 modifying ..................................................................................83 reference models ................................................................116 levels....................................................................................................................31 part labels ..................................................................................................................................................................38 properties.............130 top-in-form face.......................................................................................................126 j joining assemblies...................................................................................29 modifying ....................................215 grids coordinates ...................................26 highlighting assemblies.................................................................................................................... 111 lines exact ..........188 horizontal dimensions ...30 creating...................... 31 line extensions..........................................131 components ....................132 cut lines..................................... 31 labels .............................................192 horizontal position ...........203 inquiring models .....................31 origin...............................................................................76 cast units ..................................... 222.............................................30 deleting ................152 reinforcements ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................153 importing points ..............237 holes .....................................................................200 f family numbers .. 28.....................32 deleting ............................................................................................................. see tips ......................................................................................................................................33 properties.exploding assemblies....62 i identical areas................................ 109..........................................................................................................................56 positioning planes .......................................................................................................................................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .....................203 extrusion types..................108 fixed constraints..........75 cast units........................................................................................................................................ 223 g global coordinate system ............................163 modifying ......................................32 creating......................................240 grid labels .......................27 hiding assemblies..................155 example .........................................131 local coordinate system .............................................156 finding clashes ...........57 moving ..211 work plane grid ..............58 reference models ..............................45 hints and tips................................................................................................................................................................................28 h handles ......................................................................................................................................188 flying through model ..............................................131 work area .....................................45 selected parts .84 unselected parts ........145 finding distant objects ..........................................................................................................123 footings ................................................................. 29.........................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ....................................212 grid views creating.....................................78.....................................................75 l lengthening parts ......................149 fittings ...................................................................57 of positioning planes...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................28 grid lines ............................

......................... 151. 126 moving.... 122 numbering ................. 58 Model Editor screen layout.............. 15 checking for errors ................................152 identical reinforcements ...................... 156 settings ..........................................................126 object representation settings....................238 models in a view............. 121 saving.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 237 identical areas ..........................................152 numbering settings ..............................................................................................161 identical parts .............. 169 object types .167........................................................................................... 74 numbering..... 119 flying through model...................................................157 checking and repairing ......................................................................................................161 clearing.................... 165 family numbers ............... 119 zooming.......................................................................................................................160 control numbers....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 238 parametric modeling.......................................... 235 standard-part model ............................................................................... 163 history. 170 lotting.........157 sequences ................................................................................... 167 modeling hints and tips ............................................................... 143 bolt spacing ....................................................................... 143 angles.. 73..... 120 materials....................................... 163..........................................162............... 17 viewing ......... 123 inquiring...135 example........................................ 176 rendered or plan view?..................213 copying to another model ........... 241 logical areas ..............172 series................................. 175 creating ....................................................................137 transparency settings ................................ 158...............................................135 creating.......... 168 viewing .................................................................................133 copying ............57 n nested assemblies................................................................................... 156 about numbering ...........................................134 deleting...... 54 measuring objects ...................................... 156.......................... 164......................................................................................................................233 m Magnifier. 21 Model Organizer......................................................157 cast units ...............................167 viewing ..............................................................138 object types ........................................................153 modifying .......132 deleting................................. 154.............................................................................................................................................. 16 dividing into phases. 114 models about 3D models ..........................................................................................195 using handles .......................... 153.................................................................................................... 234........................................................... 151 organizing.....................................................................................................................................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ........................................... 34 Modeling of floor bay (66).......122 positioning planes...133 example......................................... 143 distances ........................................... 142 creating ...133 creating...............................................153 what affects .................................................................................................................................... 169 o object groups .................................................................................................................................. 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ......... 175 removing ........................ 171 examining........................158 reinforcements.................................................. 174 adding parts ................................ 119 modifying logical areas ............................................................................132 color settings .................... 167 rotating ....... 174 deleting.154 preliminary numbers...................... 175 moving hints and tips ......................................159 numbering series................................................. 155............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 159 examples ......................................................................................................................... 233...................log files viewing .............................................................................151 assemblies ......214 object property report templates..160 user-defined attributes............................................................

...................176 parametric profiles ............ 145 defining visibility..........................................55 warping ............................................................................................128 finding distant objects ................237 hiding .... 79 polygon cuts.............................................................................................................122 parallel constraints............................................................................................................42 coordinates ...............................................................................................................................................52 combining ..................................156 views.....................................................................................................116 comparing ........................................ 58 profiles ........................... 173 shortening .....................................................................................174 material .........................56 lengthening ...220 overlapping numbering series .............................................................................. 110.................................................................................................................................................................... 144......................212 properties......54 changing the profile .................................................................................................................................................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............. 67........................................................................116 lotting ...........................149 inquiring properties ................................115 lengthening in drawings ...................................................................................................................................objects clash checking ...........164 plane views ................................241 numbering............77 cutting with another part ..........................126 measuring...17 organizing the model ...................................................................186 parametric modeling ............39 points ...........................................................................................................................................63 opening models ...................................74 assemblies.......................93 polylines ...........131 splitting...............................113 perpendicular constraints............................................................................212 importing ...............................................................................................................................66 user-defined attributes ........................................................................................242 positioning ........................242 showing and hiding...................................................................................................................................................................................................128 offsets ......................149 concrete parts ...............156 placing objects in model ..........................................................................................................................................................................................167 orthogonal beams ................................................................................................................................... 111 polygon shapes.90 p pad footings .............................................................................................................................187 phases .................................................54 modifying part length .....................................112 polygon welds ............................................................................................................. 156 part types .....................................56 showing and hiding................................................................................................ 109.......................52 position ........51 sequences .......116 showing only selected parts................ 112 default properties ......................65 cambering ..................................143 numbering..81 panning .......................................................................................................................................117 part labels .......................... 78...............................................................115 changing the material ........................42 phase and ID ........................171 in numbering ....... 222 panels ...242 identical parts........................................ see attaching parts .........................................115 shortening in drawings...........................70 bending .....................................................53 part add................. 154....................................................................212 polybeams................................................................................117 steel parts ...........152 labels ........130 horizontal parts ........52 properties. 57.........217 parts adding to assembly............................56 part properties.......... 172................................................131 showing with exact lines .........239 oversized holes...............................176 profiles .........................................

........45 highlighting ...........................................213 rotation angle knob ........30 rendered views ......................................................128 restoring default work plane ................................................................................................................................... 195 reverting to default .............................45 inserting.................................................................................................... 136 example............................................................59 rotation settings ................ 125 priority in clash checking.................................................................................................................... 193 handles............ 61 positioning planes................................................................................................................... 138 properties default ...... 176 prefixes............................................................................................... 65 redrawing views............................................. 52 parametric .... 53 sketched profiles ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................45 splitting into reference objects...............57.........198 screen layout in Model Editor ...................................................position bending ..................................... 39 reference lines... 70 user-defined ........................................................................................... 63 horizontal................ 93 preliminary numbers...................................................................48 updating............................ 158 preparing parts for welding......239 right-hand rule .........................144 hiding......................239 rotating models..............................45 viewing layers..................43 clash checking.........................89 plates............................................................................ 47 selecting ..............241 representation options ....................................................................................44 selecting ............... 94 printing screenshots............................................................197 to old clash checking functionality .....................161 report templates for inquiring object properties ......................... 196 moving...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 .................157 relative coordinates .... 190 radius.......................... 59 vertical................................................................................................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes...................................................................................................................................................................... 58 reference model objects .......................................................................................................... 136 creating ........................................ 53 separators ..............128 repairing numbering errors ........................................................... 53 twin profiles ................................................................................................. 201 standard .................44 modifying properties .................................................................................45 viewing changes..............................................................................................................................................................17 sketched cross sections ....80 s saving models..................................................................28 reverting to default positioning planes........58 round holes.............................................................................121 parts .....................................46 reference points...................................................... 53 project status visualizations........... 237 r radial dimensions ...................153 numbering ............................................57 refreshing views.............. 62 levels ......................................................53.......................................................................................................................... 48 reference models........................................................................................................................................................ 136 deleting.....................................................69 slabs ........................................... 60 end offsets......... 135 copying............ 59 rotation ...............149 RGB values ...................................126 reports viewing ............ 64 on the work plane..............................................................................................39 reinforcements identical . 53 weld size prefix...........................................................................................................................................................48 supported DGN objects ...................... 147 profiles............................136.........................................36 representation options..................................................................................... 65 depth .........................

................................................................................................193........................................224 concrete panel properties .............................................................................................................................................................80 warping ..........................................................................................................................................181 adding constraints............................215 weld properties ...219 corner chamfer properties ..............200 importing .............................................................................186 adding dimensions..................115 shortening parts in drawings ............................................ 235 orthogonal beam properties.......................................173 modifying ....................222 part properties ..........................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...................................204 exporting ......................................................................238 selection dial ...................229 shifting the work plane .................58 top-in-form face..................................116 showing assemblies...173 settings bolt properties......................241 shortening and lengthening parts .........................................................................................213 screenshot settings............118 standard profiles .................................... 203 extrusion types....................................................................................................................................198 sketch thickness .............................132 cut lines.............................................................................................225 contour plate properties...............201 refining the shape .........233.........................................226 concrete slab properties .............................125 settings ...................................................168 selecting dates from model...................................................45 values from model ......124 in Windows Vista ....................................... 202.......................................................................................................................201 example ....screenshots creating...182 sketch editor......................................215 numbering settings .........160 status in clash checking ........195 reference lines ....................... 117.........................................................232 general modeling settings.... 234................................................................................................181 sketched cross sections......................184 creating images ...........................................................................................................53 standard-part models ...............................223 twin profile properties ........................................................................173 inquiring ...................................................240 parts labels .............................................................................................................................................................................217 point properties.. 203 modifying ...............131 positioning planes ........................211 grid line properties ...................................................................................................214 sections..................................................................................................198 polylines............... 118 plates and slabs...227 concrete beam properties......................172 deleting ................................................................................................................................................................125 printing..................................201 variables .....................................................................................................58 sequences ..................227 display settings ................................................................................................131 components ...........................................................185 creating ...........................................173 creating.......................................................................................................................232 detail properties ........................................................................................183 slabs...................................................................197 circles............186 saving .............................................................................................................................238 reference model objects ......................................225 concrete column properties ..............................................214 steel beam properties ......................................212 grid properties...147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......199 checking...................................................................................................................................................220 pad footing properties.........................................57 snapshots. 202...................................................................................................................................84 views...94 Sketch Browser................199 using in models.......211 grid view properties ....................................... 114 slotted holes....................................88 single grid lines ............................215 view settings ......... 196 profiles ......................................................... 194...............................................................................................218 steel column properties .......................124 splitting parts.............................................172 adding parts..............................................221 view properties ..........................................................................................48 reference models........................................................................90 snapping to middle points.........................................185 chamfers .........212 rotation settings ......................................... see screenshots ..........125 saving in bitmap format ..........................................190 arcs ....................218 strip footing properties .....32 single-part welds ..........216 edge chamfer properties..............................................................................56 parts with exact lines ................................................................................................26 single bolts ........................................................................38 work area ................................................... 113....184 positioning planes .....

.................................................................................................................................................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor ....................................................................................................... 220 polybeams............................................................................... 239 modeling identical areas ..170 sequence numbers............................................35 opening.................. 223 sub-assemblies ..................................... 68 orthogonal beams .................................................................................... 241 placing objects ....53 v values selecting from model ........... 72 welding to existing assembly.................................................................................................183 vertical constraints.............66....................................................... 240 defining default part properties......................................39 creating................................................ 100 switching between views .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................39 switching between views .................................................................................................................................................... 66 assemblies ....................................................................................................................55 in numbering........................................................................................................................161 object types ......................33 arranging .......................................215 refreshing ...........38 modifying ...............................................36 moving... 218 columns............................... 197 tiled surface treatment....................67........................steel parts......................................................... 101 pattern definitions........................................................................................................69...................... 239 selecting values from model..................189 vertical dimensions ...................78.................38 naming................ 69................................. 67 twin profiles ...... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...35 view planes..................................................61 view depth ................................................................................ 68............................................................................ 124 numbering history....128 visualizing project status.................................................................................. 39 top-in-form face ...... 98 on selected areas......................................35 deleting.. 70................................................................................................................................ 119.................176 in sketching ..........70...................37 view settings ....................................................215 viewing logical areas ................ 238 creating horizontal parts.. 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 .......... 239 copying and moving efficiently ............................................................................................................................................................................ 97 on parts with openings and recesses............................................................................................................214 twin profiles................................................170 models................................................................... 104 tips activating overlapping views .................21 user-defined attributes......................................... 71 bolting to existing assembly .................. 96 on all faces of part. 221 storys............................................................... 99 modifying........................................................................................................................173 views.......39 temporary ....... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern .....................................................239 properties .................. 237 finding RGB values for colors....128 view planes.............36 visibility of objects............................................................................................ 72 surface treatment ...........153 user-defined profiles ......................... 103 pattern elements ........ 238 modifying part length............................84 transparency settings ........136 t testing sketched cross sections ......................... 97 tiled surface treatment............. 98 on cut faces......36 view types.... 218 contour plates......192 vertical position............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................238 variables in parametric modeling .......................................... 95 adding ..........................96.. 242 right-hand rule ...................... 97 on chamfered parts ........................................................................ 242 cutting efficiently.......................................39 closing ...... 96 creating new surface treatments .......................................38 overlapping......................... 219 curved beams............................................................. 97 on part face .... 70 beams ................................................. 100 creating new tile patterns ............................................................................ 100 pattern definition example ... 168 strip footings ............................................................................................................

....... 93.......................................................................................... 128 defining ...........................................120 zoom settings........................................................................36 work area ...............28 shifting ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................91 creating.113 concrete slabs ..............119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................94 weld position...26 hiding ...........231 welding sub-assemblies ...120 zooming in or out ..120 zoom window ......................................................................................................................94 weld size prefixes ...26 work plane................................................. 229 between parts ..................................................................................................................72 wire frame views .......................................................................120 with keyboard shortcuts ................27 workspace in Model Editor... 114 welds..................................................................92 weld preparation ..............................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ..................93 single-part welds......................................................... 113........... 94 numbering.....................................................................................................................93 weld types.............................................234 polygon welds........w warping beams.........................113 concrete parts.................................................................................................................................. 91.27 restoring..................................... 25.......................................................................................................................91......

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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