Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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................ Position depth ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Levels ...................... Materials............................................................................................................................ Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... User-defined attributes ....................................................2 Moving a part using handles .................. 3.................................. Rotation ...................................................................................................... Adding parts to an assembly ......................... Position on the work plane ................................................................................................................... Assembly hierarchy ........................................................................................ Using welds to create assemblies ....................................................................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views .......... Showing part labels in a view .............. End offsets ......................................................................................................................................................................................... Part labels .................................................................................................................. Colors ................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Using bolts to create assemblies ................................................................................................................................ 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ............................... 66 Assemblies............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a twin profile....................... Changing the material of a part ................... Creating a curved beam ............................................................Changing the profile of a part ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a steel beam ...................................................................................................... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................................................................................ Parametric profiles ............. Creating a round contour plate ............. Creating an orthogonal beam.......................................................................... Bending ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .................................................................................................................................................................................... 3....................3 Creating a steel column..................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a contour plate ................................................................................................ Creating a steel polybeam.................................................. 57 Steel parts................................ Horizontal position ....................................................................................................................................................... User-defined profiles .................................................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies....................... Creating a nested assembly ....................... Vertical position ............................................................................................................................ Standard profiles .............................................................. Modifying the position of a part ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a sub-assembly ................................................................. 3....................................................................

..................................................... Creating a concrete column ......................................................................................................... Creating a single bolt .................................................. 81 4 Detailing Structures ................................................................................................................................................................ Adding objects to cast units .............................................. Bolt offsets ........................................................ Showing the top-in-form face .......................................... Casting direction ................................................................ 85 4........Joining assemblies ........................................................................................................................ Defining the casting direction of a part ......................... Bolt group shape ..................................... 4......................................................................................................1 Bolts................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete slab .............................. Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................................ Creating a concrete polybeam ........................................................................................... Creating a strip footing .. 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts .................................................................................................................................................. 85 Creating a bolt group.. Highlighting objects in an assembly .................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ............... Changing the cast unit main part .......................................................................... Bolt group position ................................ Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................................................................................................................. Creating a round slab ................................................ Creating a concrete panel ............................ 89 Creating round holes......................................................... Exploding a cast unit ........................................... Defining the cast unit type...................................... Changing the assembly main part ................................................................................................................................................................... 3............................................................................................ Highlighting objects in a cast unit.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing........ Changing or adding bolted parts .......... Removing objects from a cast unit ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the main assembly .................................................................................................. Assembly examples ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes............................................................................... 77 Cast units........................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit ..................................................................................................... Exploding an assembly .......................................................................................................................... 3............................................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete beam.................................................................................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ........................................................................................................................................................................................

................................ Chamfering part corners ............................................ Creating a polygon weld..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 Tile pattern definitions ..................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ............................................................................................................................ Line cuts ....................................................................... Creating a weld to a part ........................... Cutting parts with another part ........... Chamfering part edges ............................................................................................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ................................................................................................................................................................ 99 Tiled surface treatment.................................................................. 90 4........................................................................... 103 Tile pattern elements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Weld preparation .............................................................................. Weld position ........................................................ 96 Adding surface treatment to parts .................................................................. Polybeam chamfers .............. 104 4............ 98 Creating new surface treatment options.......................................... Weld size prefixes ...................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ...........................................................................................................................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment............................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts .................................................................................................................................................................................. 100 Example pattern definition ...................... 91 Creating a weld between parts................... Manually preparing a part for welding ........... Corner chamfer types and dimensions .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ............................................................................................................................................... 4........................................................................ Polygon cuts ............................................... Cuts ..... Cutting parts with a line .................................................................................................... Fittings.. Warping concrete parts .......................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area .......................................................................................Creating oversized holes.................................. Warping a beam using deformation angles .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns ........ Part cuts .................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a fitting ................................................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Welds .......... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ........... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 Chamfers....

......Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ............................................................................................................................ Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ........................................................... Object property report templates .............................................................. Lengthening a part in drawings ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Attaching a part to another part............................................ Creating a screenshot....... Showing and hiding assemblies........... 5...................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista .............................................................................................. Shortening and lengthening parts ............2 Inquiring object properties..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Rotating the model .................. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot ................................................................................................................................7 Splitting parts .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ...................................... Hiding selected parts.. Modifying the zoom settings ......................................................................................... 4............................ Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................. 118 Splitting a plate or slab........... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ............................................................................................................................................... 5.............................................................................................................................................................................. Moving the model....... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ............................................................... Representation options ................... Creating a clip plane ............................................................................................... Cambering a part ......... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ......................................................... Hiding unselected parts........................................................................................................... 118 5 Examining the Model........................................................................... Cambering parts................................... Showing parts with exact lines ...................................................................................................................................................................................... Zooming with Magnifier ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 116 Combining two parts into one................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ........................................................... 119 Zooming the model .......................................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ...... 126 Showing and hiding objects .....6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts..................................... Flying through the model.........................................................................1 Viewing the model .................................................................................................................................................................................. 117 4........................................................................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 5..................................

................................................................................................................................................................................. Example: Creating object groups ................................................ Measuring distances .....................................................3 Defining numbering series .................................... Example: Creating visualization settings .................. 5...2 What is numbering .......................................................................................................................... 142 6 Numbering the Model..................1 6....................................................................................................................................................................................... 152 Identical reinforcements ...... Creating object representation settings .......... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ...................... Object representation settings.............................................................. Finding clashes in a model ................................................................................... Measuring bolt spacing ........................ Measuring angles ................................................. 153 6...................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 6.......... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part .................................................... Copying an object group to another model ......................................................................................................... 5............................. Creating an object group ........................................................................................................................................................................................4 Creating a visualization .............................................................................................................................. 152 Identical parts ........................................................................... 153 Planning your numbering series......................... Copying object representation settings to another model ................................................................................ 135 Checking the model ............................................................................................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings .............................................................................................................. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule .................................................................5 Measuring objects ............................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Defining an erection schedule .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Clash Check Manager .......... Deleting visualization settings .......................... Finding distant objects.................................................. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project .............................................................................................................. Comparing parts or assemblies................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting an object group ................................................ Object groups ... Deleting object representation settings ................................................... Detecting clashes .............................................................................. 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status.................................................................. Copying visualization settings to another model ...................................................................................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts .............................................................................. Reverting to the old clash checking functionality .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 What affects numbering ..................................................................................................................................................... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....Showing and hiding components ...............................................................................................................................

.................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories...................................... 171 Custom phase properties ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7.................5 6................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases....................................1 Organizing the model...................................................................................................................... Example: Using family numbers............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 162 Example: Numbering identical beams............................................................................................ Deleting a sequence .. 167 Creating logical areas ...................................... Numbering reinforcements............................................................................................................................... 161 Numbering examples........................................................................................................................................ 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling...................... Clearing numbers........................................................................................................................................................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers .............................................................................................. Changing the family number of an object .................................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ............................................................ 167 7............................................................................ Checking the sequence of a part ........... Assigning control numbers to parts ......................................................................................................................... Assembly position numbers ...................................................................... Overlapping numbering series ............... Creating a standard-part model ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6.......................................................................6 6..................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ................................................................. Example: Numbering selected part types ..................................................................................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project ..... 156 Viewing the numbering history........... 161 Repairing numbering errors .................................................................................................................................................................... 6..4 Lotting ........................................ Creating object type categories...................................................... 171 7.................. Adding parts to a sequence ..............................................................................................................................3 Sequences.......................................................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers...........................................................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases.................. Assigning family numbers .......................... Control numbers.................................................................................. Changing numbers............. Modifying logical areas and object type categories....................... 172 173 173 173 173 7...................................................... 172 Creating a sequence ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................Family numbers............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Modifying the sequence number of a part.............................................................................................................................................................. Viewing logical areas and object type categories ......................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects.............................................................

..................................................................................... Moving positioning plane handles ....................................................................................................................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................................. Sketching the outline of a cross section ..................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ............................................................ Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ............ Adding a vertical constraint ............. Sketching an arc ........6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ......................................................................................................................... Sketching a polyline ................................................................. Adding a fixed constraint ................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint ........................................................................ Adding a horizontal constraint .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Removing parts from a lot .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a parallel constraint ................................................. Modifying a sketched cross section.................5 7....................................................................................................................... Checking a sketched cross section ...................................................................................................................................... Cross section extrusion types ............................................................................ Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ............................................................................................................................................................... Saving a sketched cross section ...... Variables .......... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ........................ 176 Sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................................................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section............................................. Sketching a circle ........... Adding parts to a lot ....... Sketch Browser ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7..................... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section................ Part positioning planes ..............................................Creating a lot ................................................................................................................ Moving positioning planes ............................................................................................... Reverting to default positioning planes ............................................................................................................. Setting the sketch thickness ..................... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch .......................................................................................................................................................................... Connection positioning planes ............................................................................................................................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch .............................................................................................................................................................. 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor .... Adding a coincident constraint ................................................................................ Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ......................................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ................................................................................................................................ Deleting a lot ................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ......................................................... Deleting a constraint .................................................................................

.......... Point properties ... 215 Display settings .................................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ............................................ Example: Setting the cross section thickness ........................................................................ 227 Weld properties ................................... Importing sketched cross sections ...................... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ..................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings................................................ 8.........3 Part properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 215 Grid view properties ............................................................................................................................................................... 215 View properties ..................................... Concrete panel properties.................................. 217 Steel column properties .................................................................................. Grid line properties.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Detail properties....... Transparency settings.................................................................................. Rotation settings ............................................................................................................... Exporting sketched cross sections ............................................................1 General settings................................................................................................................................. Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ....................................................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections .................. Strip footing properties .... Steel beam properties ................................................................ 211 8............................................................. 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Contour plate properties. 227 Bolt properties............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Pad footing properties................ Concrete slab properties ..... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 229 Weld types .......................................................................................................................................... Concrete beam properties.................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Twin profile properties................................................ Concrete column properties ........ Orthogonal beam properties .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 211 Grid properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Screenshot settings.............2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings............................................................................................................... Creating an image of a sketched cross section ................. 216 8........................................................................ Example: Using the cross section in a model ..................................................................... Color settings .....

........................................................................................................ 237 Defining default part properties ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Selecting values from the model ............................................. 232 Edge chamfer properties ............................................ Creating horizontal parts ............................................................................................................... 234 Control number settings ...................................................................... 237 9............................ 233 General numbering settings ............................................................................ 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model .................................................................................... Cutting efficiently ....................................................................................................................... Modeling identical areas.............................................................................. 235 9 Modeling Tips .......................... 9.................................. 233 Weld numbering settings.....................................................1 General modeling tips ..................................... Right-hand rule. Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ............... Activating an overlapping view .................................. Copying and moving efficiently............................................................................................5 Numbering settings .............................................................................................................................. Hiding cut lines in a view .................................................................................................................................................................Corner chamfer properties .............. 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................ Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern........................................................................................................................ Finding RGB values for colors....................................................................................................................................................................................2 Modifying part length .......................................................................................... 232 8............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

16) Opening a model (p. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. such as reports and NC data files. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. and save models in Tekla Structures. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. 17) Model templates (p. 17) Saving a model (p.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. you can create a real-life model of any structure. 15) Creating a new model (p. 18) 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. as they react to modifications in the model. create.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

19

20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

the icons and available menu options will become active. Initially. 25) Work plane (p. a new window appears on the screen. 42) Reference models (p. 27) Coordinate system (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. 33) Construction objects (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 43) 2. 40) Points (p. 29) Views (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 21) Work area (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. When you open or create a model. 28) Grids (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models.

23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. set the same value for all four corners of the background. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. 3. 2. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.. To use the default background color. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. Finding RGB values for colors (p.. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . and so on. > Model View. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. leave the advanced option fields empty. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. 239) Background color examples (p.

4 0.0 0.0 Result 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.RGB values 1.

7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 1.6 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.8 0.0 1.RGB values 0.3 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.8 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 239) 2.3 0.0 1.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 Result 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0. dashed lines.7 0.0 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .2 0.

Work area (p. To define the work area: 1.. To make the work area visible again. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. for example. when creating screenshots for presentations. > Model View. To make the box visible again. or all model objects. or in all visible views. 4. Alternatively. 2. for example. 3. See also Defining the work area (p. See also Work area (p. you can hide the green work area box. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. click View > Redraw All again. but they are not visible. Click View > Redraw All. 1. set the advanced option to FALSE. This can be useful. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. For more information on each command. You can define the work area in a selected view. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 26) Hiding the work area (p. Objects outside the work area still exist. Click OK or Apply.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. or size the work area to include selected parts. 2. 5. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. Tekla Structures hides the work area.

you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. 3. For more information on each command. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. which is the local coordinate system of the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 28) Right-hand rule (p. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. To display the work plane grid. part positioning. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. The work plane also has its own grid. To shift the work plane: 1. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . parallel to one of the global basic planes. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. See also Shifting the work plane (p. The current work plane is model-specific. 2. which can be used for positioning parts. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. When modeling sloped parts. For example creating points. so it is the same in all views. For example. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. or on a part or view plane.2. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands.

Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. Click OK. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 239) 2. 2. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 4. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1.0 0. 3. Set Plane to XY. 4. For example. See also Work plane (p. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. > Model View.. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click Change. to change the color to red. 3.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x.0 0. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Set Depth coordinate to 0.0. y. To restore the default work plane: 1. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. 2. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane.. set the value to 1.. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view.See also Work plane (p. Work plane (p..

27) View types (p. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. See also Work plane (p.In wire frame views.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. 36) 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 .

Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. 29) Grid coordinates (p. 30) Modifying a grid (p. 0 4000 4000. If you do not pick a point. See also Creating a grid (p. 30) Coordinate system (p. Modify the grid properties. 4. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid.You can have more than one grid in a model. 3. Click Modeling > Create Grid. You can also create grids manually. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. Y0. and Z0. For example. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. Y0. 2. 30) Grid labels (p. 31) Grid properties (p. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. See also Click Create. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. See also Creating a grid (p. 31) Grid lines (p. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . So that you can easily locate objects in your model. Grids (p. and Z0. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. 31) Deleting a grid (p.. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. The z coordinates are absolute. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid.. Optional: When prompted. 5. For example. 0 2*4000. To manually create a grid: 1. 31) Changing the grid color (p.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates.

The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. you can leave the label fields empty. See also Click Modify to save the changes. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. 2. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. 3. See also Grids (p. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. See also Grids (p. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2. Grids (p. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. If you have also other objects selected. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. not the grid. When working with very large grids. The Grid dialog box appears. is selected. If you wish. 29) Creating a grid (p. Modify the grid properties. When you delete a grid. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. 29) Grid properties (p. 4. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. is selected.

0 0. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. to change the color to red.. set the value to 1. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. When you select a grid line. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 4. Pick the starting point of the grid line. For example. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . > Model View. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line..0 0. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. Click OK. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. the handles appear in magenta. See also Grids (p. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 4.1. 29) Creating a single grid line (p.0. 2. Single grid lines have handles. 2. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Pick the end point of the grid line. 3. 3. See also Grids (p. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR.

Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. 3.See also Grid lines (p. 2. 2. 3.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. 4. For example. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . 32) 2. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. If you also have other objects selected. Grid lines (p. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. See also Grid lines (p. 32) Grid line properties (p. is selected. Click Modify to save the changes. not the grid line. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. Modify the grid line properties. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. When you delete a grid line. See also is selected. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects.

One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. and elevation views provide different types of information. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 38) Switching between open views (p. This places the part in the center of the view. 35) Opening a view (p. plane. create a 3D view of the part. 38) Deleting a view (p. 39) Refreshing views (p. 39) Arranging views (p. which is useful for different tasks. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. See also Creating a view (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 38) Modifying a view (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly.

For more information on each command. When you exit the model. 33) View settings (p. Temporary views. Optional: Save the view. or the view will not be saved for later use. which have a default name in parentheses. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. Views (p. 36) View planes (p. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. In multi-user mode. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . Select a view command from the View menu. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. See also Views (p. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 215) About naming views (p. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. See also Creating a view (p.If you are working with two screens. b Type a unique name in the Name field. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. If several users have different views with the same name. 35) View types (p. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. it is very important to give views unique names. 3. 2. 36) Creating grid views (p. disappear when you close them. c See also Click Modify. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.

It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. • See also Creating a view (p. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. In basic views. It does not appear in the plane name. xz. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. and zy). 35) Representation options (p. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. In the basic plane view. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis.

When you move a view plane. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. or enter its coordinates. Moving a view plane (p.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. 2. or the points are defined automatically. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. To move the view plane: 1. Click the view. depending on the creation method. 5. 4. Pick the end point of the translation vector. If the Move . you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. 3.. 37) Creating a view (p. Click Move.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . Other views For view types other than basic views.. See also View planes (p. from the pop-up menu. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. or enter its coordinates.

and which view properties it will use. Before you start. check how many views you have open. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. See also Creating a view (p. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. Modify the grid properties. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. 2. If you try to open more than nine views. 35) Grid view properties (p. The Views dialog box appears. 3. If the view does not appear. Click Create.. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. create a view that contains a grid. Modify the view properties. or double-click a view to open it. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. 2. Views (p. and all visible views on the right. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. Tekla Structures displays a warning. 4. Select the grid. See also Views (p.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left.. Click Modify. Click View > View List... To open multiple views. To create grid views: 1. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. The Views dialog box appears. 33) View settings (p. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. how it will name the views. 3. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list.. 5. 2.

Click Delete. To delete multiple views. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. Click View > View List. Click View > Redraw All.. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. In the View Properties dialog box. Select the view you want to delete. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. Views (p. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. and all visible views on the right. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. select a view from the list. 2. 33) Switching between open views (p. and then click Modify.. Views (p. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. 3. The Views dialog box appears. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p.. select an option from the Angle list box. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Views (p.1. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . See also Views (p. On the Window menu. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P.

5. 4. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. Click View > Close All. Double-click the plane in the model. They do not appear in drawings. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. See also Views (p. 33) 2. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Tile Horizontally. 3. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. 6. 2. lines. Pick four points. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. 40) Creating a construction line (p. and circles help you place other objects. Tekla Structures draws the plane. When you move the plane. Type a name for the plane. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane.To arrange the views. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. select the Magnetic check box. See also Creating a construction plane (p. For example.7 Construction objects Construction planes. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. Click the middle mouse button. For example. You cannot use the Cascade.

See also Construction objects (p. Click Modify. Pick the end point of the construction line. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . c Click Modify. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. See also Construction objects (p.7. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 2. 2. b Select the Magnetic check box. For more information on each command. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. See also Construction objects (p. Pick the starting point of the construction line. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. a Double-click the line in the model. 4. 3.

or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. See also Creating a point (p. To import points from a file: 1. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 2.2. 42) Point properties (p. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. For more information on each command. Points (p. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. 42) Importing points (p. Create a point import file. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. When you create points. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file.

Type the ASCII file name. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. 7. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. Include the full path and the file extension.700.1000 300. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. *. During the import process. Type point in the Search field and click Search. For example. 6. See also Inserting a reference model (p.rop. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. If you do not specify the path. 3.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. an architectural model. 5. Click Create. or a heating. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).dxf) AutoCAD (*.3dd) IFC files (*. See also Points (p. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 .500.dwg) MicroStation (*. *.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 4. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. a plant design model.1500 2. For example: 100.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry.prp) Cadmatic models (*.IFC) IGES files (*. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. 42) 2. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder.dgn.igs. b Save the file.

46) Reference model objects (p. or you forget to click Apply. Click File > Insert Reference Model.. 2. 5. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects.. 3. Click File > Reference Model List. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. See also Reference models (p. Set the scale of the reference model.. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p.. button to browse for the reference model file. Click the Browse. 7. see Adding properties. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. 4. if it uses different measurement units). 3.. the file does not exist. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. Open a Tekla Structures model.. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. 6. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. If you do not define a reference model file to use.Updating reference models (p. Modify the properties and then click Modify. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. For more information on user-defined attributes. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Check the work plane position.inp file. Click User-defined attributes. 4. 2.

Select Hidden from the Visibility list box.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.. To highlight a reference model: 1. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. Reference models (p. Reference models (p. See also Click File > Reference Model List. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. 2. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (..3dd) WebViewer (. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. Click File > Reference Model List.ifc) Cadmatic (. 2.. 2.. but the changes are rarely documented. Select a reference model from the list. To update all reference models: 1. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . See also Reference models (p. switch. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. 2. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p... Click Reload all. See also Reference models (p. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. Click File > Reference Model List. you can highlight them.xml) 3D DWG (.

2. 3.. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. Double-click the reference model.To view changes in a reference model: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. To view reference model layers: 1. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 4. Click Display. For example. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model.. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. button next to the Old file name field. select Inserted to see the added objects. Double-click the reference model. See also Reference models (p.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

51

Icon Description A standard profile. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. button next to the Profile field. When you create or modify a part.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. A parametric profile. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. and user-defined profiles.. • For steel parts. 53) Parametric profiles (p. 2.. click the Select. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. parametric. 66) Concrete parts (p. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 53) User-defined profiles (p. 51) Steel parts (p. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Open the Select Profile dialog box. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. 52) Standard profiles (p.

• To select a recently used profile. environmentspecific profiles. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. select the Show all profiles check box. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. so you should not edit them. For example. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . 52) Sketched cross sections (p. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. Select a profile from the list. See also Profiles (p. /. If you select a parametric profile. Click Modify. the profile catalog contains standard.• 3. and *. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. X. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. See also Profiles (p. • 5. 4. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. Click Apply or OK. See also Profiles (p. • To see all the properties of profiles. For concrete parts. See also Profiles (p. use the Profile name list box. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. select the Show details check box. 6. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. click the button next to the Shape field. By default. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures.

or names used in different countries or standards. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. 5. porosity. partial safety factors. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . • To see all the properties of materials. 3.. See also Materials (p. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. next to the Material field. Poisson’s ratio.. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. or country-specific properties. such as strengths. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. and thermal dilatation coefficient. Click Select. 2. select the Show details check box. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. and so on. The Select Material dialog box appears. For example. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. • 4. select the Show aliases check box. including the modulus of elasticity. Select a material from the list. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. Click Apply or OK. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. For example. Click Modify.Materials When you create or modify a part. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. 6. they can be former names. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. this tab could contain the maximum grain size.

When drawings of the parts are created. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. Attributes can consist of numbers.. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. or in projects. text. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p.. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. or lists.

See also Part properties (p. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .. User-defined fields.. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields.. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. Tension.. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. user-defined attributes. go to the Advanced tab. In the Display dialog box. Each end of a part can have a different connection code.. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. 4. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. See also Part properties (p. Select the Part label check box.. 2. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. Click Display. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.4 Connection code Can be used. and Moment User field 1. 3.

58) Modifying the position of a part (p. When you select a part. Select the part. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. Part labels (p. Move the part like any other object. 2. The points form the part reference line. 6. 56) 3. See also Part position (p.5. just drag the part to a new position. The Part label dialog box appears. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. the rest are magenta. 7. a Select a property in the Properties list. for example. Click Modify. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. b Click Add. The handle of the first end point is yellow.2 Part position When you create a part. If Drag and Drop is switched on. Tekla Structures displays the handles. you position it by picking points. Select the handles. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. See also Moving a part using handles (p. 58) Part positioning tips (p.

enter a value in the corresponding box. Click Display.. Plane offset. 3.. See also Position on the work plane (p. To change the rotation angle. or Depth offset. to open the Display dialog box. • • • To change the overall position of the part. Click Modify and OK. select the Part reference line check box. On the Advanced tab. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . For example. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. To change the Angle. 4. Hold down Shift to override this. Click Modify. On the Position tab. The object moves in the model accordingly. 2. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. Click in the Mini Toolbar. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. 3... use the round selection dial. 2. Part position (p. modify the desired position settings. click and drag the green rotation angle knob.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. Click and drag to select a position. Modify the settings. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. 2. See also Click View > View Properties.

65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 63) Levels (p. 64) Bending (p. 59) Position depth (p. 60) Vertical position (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . To do this.Rotation (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 62) End offsets (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane.

Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . perpendicular to the work plane. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 . relative to its reference point.

58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference point.

Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . relative to its reference line. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. You can enter positive and negative values. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line.

not at the level you picked. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). To position the upper columns correctly. you must modify their bottom level position. In this example. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. you can enter the positions of the part ends.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to the picked point. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. Use to define the position of the second end.

When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Alternatively. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700.Top level = 1000. for example a curved beam. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. You can also define the plane of curvature. you need to specify the number of segments. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. which is relative to the current work plane. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. the less angular the part appears. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part.

67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. Click the Create column icon. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. 58) 3. Pick the position of the column. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. See also Creating a steel column (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 2. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the steel column properties.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

Pick the end point. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 3. See also Steel column properties (p. 218) Levels (p. Click the Create polybeam icon. 2. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. Click the Create beam icon. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Pick the starting point. You can also create bent plates with this command. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. See also Steel beam properties (p. 3. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 2.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. 4.

Pick the starting point. 3. 3. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Pick the end point (3). 5. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. To create a contour plate: 1. 4. See also Steel beam properties (p. Optional: To create curved segments. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the starting point (1). 106) Steel beam properties (p. 218) Bending (p. Pick the starting point again. Click the Create contour plate icon. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Double-click the end point. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Pick a point on the arc (2). Click the Create curved beam icon. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 5. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. 2. 5. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate.4. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 2.

Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 219) Chamfers (p. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. Click Modify. 3. 7. See also Creating a contour plate (p. 2.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 4. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. from the list box. 3. 6.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. Pick the position of the beam. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Select the plate. 68) Contour plate properties (p. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 2. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 5. 69) Contour plate properties (p..

Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. 2. Pick the end point. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. Pick the starting point.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 4. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. To create a twin steel profile: 1. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 221) 3. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. See also Creating an assembly (p. By default. See also Twin profile properties (p. You can change the main part in an assembly. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 3. or by joining assemblies together. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p.

See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 3. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Assemblies (p. 2. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Creating an assembly (p. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Assemblies (p. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. 3. 2. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together.Exploding an assembly (p. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. 76) Assembly examples (p.

select As sub-assembly. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 6. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. Pick the bolt group origin. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. You can create workshop welds and site welds. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Using welds to create assemblies (p. 2. Assemblies (p. Click Apply or OK. In the Connect part/assembly list box. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 4. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 3. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 2. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. When you connect assemblies. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. 3. 4. 6. 5. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 7. 5. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. In the Connect part/assembly list box. select As sub-assembly. Click Apply or OK.

up to the highest level of the nested assembly. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. 74) Joining assemblies (p. through the basic and sub-assemblies.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. from single parts and bolts. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. See also Assemblies (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. To work with nested assemblies. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.

Select the assembly to add to. for all assembly levels. Select the assembly to add to. 4. 3. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Select the part you want to add. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. etc. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. 2. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 2.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. marks. fabrication information. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. and still produce dimensions. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.

2. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Select the new main part. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. See also Changing the main assembly (p. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Select the assemblies you want to join. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. Adding objects to assemblies (p. c Select the assembly. 2. See also Select the new main assembly. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . 2. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 2. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. You can change the main assembly at any time. Assemblies (p. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 2. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 4. 3.

always starting from the highest level.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. See also Assemblies (p. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . 2. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together.main part Steel part .main part Concrete . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. and then attached to the column in another workshop.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To explode an assembly: 1. • To only explode the sub-assembly. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level.

each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. Assemblies (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p.Drawing 2. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. See also Creating a pad footing (p. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p.

Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Click the Create strip footing icon. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. Optional: To create curved segments. 3. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 4. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Strip footing properties (p. Click the Create pad footing icon. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 3. 5. 2.Creating a concrete slab (p. See also Pad footing properties (p. Pick the position of the column. Double-click the end point. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. chamfer the corners of the footing. 2. 3. 2. Pick the pad footing position. Click the Create concrete column icon.

Pick the points you want the beam to go through. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 2. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 2. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Pick the starting point. 3. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. 4. Click the Create concrete beam icon. Pick the end point. Optional: To create curved segments. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 3. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments.See also Concrete column properties (p.

80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 7. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. To create a concrete slab: 1. 4. from the list box. 6. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. See also Creating a round slab (p. 2. Select the slab. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. Pick the starting point again. Click Modify. 4. 5. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. Pick the corner points of the slab. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. 2. 3. 3. Pick the starting point.

Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. By default. See also Creating a cast unit (p. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . 104) 3. Cast units can include reinforcement. 225) Chamfers (p. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. as well as concrete parts. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Optional: To create curved segments. Double-click the end point. For example. 3. chamfer the corners of the panel. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. each part is considered a separate cast unit. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 4. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. 5. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p.

3. 4. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. 3. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 83) Casting direction (p. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 3. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Cast units (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. 2. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 2. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Select an object in the cast unit. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Select the new main part. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Adding objects to cast units (p. Adding objects to cast units (p. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. See also Cast units (p. 2. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. 4.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 2. such as steel parts and insulation. Select the objects you want to add.

Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. Select the objects you want to remove. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. In the Cast unit type list box.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. 4. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. Cast units (p. 2. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . Select a part that belongs to a cast unit.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 3. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1.main part Steel part . Cast units (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 2. Go to the Cast unit tab. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit.main part Concrete . select Precast or Cast in place.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Click Modify to save the changes. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. Cast units (p. 2. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2.

Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. See also Select a concrete part. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. 2. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. 2. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. See also Casting direction (p. Casting direction (p. See also Cast units (p. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Select a concrete part. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. To hide the top-in-form face again. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu.

117) 4. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 85) Holes (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 89) Welds (p.1 Bolts To create bolts. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 116) Splitting parts (p. 104) Combining parts (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 91) Surface treatment (p.

Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. 2. Select the secondary parts. 87) Bolt offsets (p. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 7. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 3. Explode the component. 3. washers. and nuts) while creating holes. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. 6. Modify the bolt group. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. 86) Bolt group position (p. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick a point. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. Select the main part. 4. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. See also Creating a bolt group (p. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. which is the bolt group origin. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 85) Bolt properties (p. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. See also Apply a component. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. 227) Bolt group shape (p. 5. Bolts (p. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 2.

from the bolt group point of origin. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . in the y direction of the bolt group. x coordinate of each bolt. in the x direction of the bolt group. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. Number of bolts. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. Diameter of the bolt group. y coordinate of each bolt.

Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. select Array from the Shape list box. 2. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. relative to the bolt group x axis. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. 85) Bolt properties (p. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. 3. Bolts (p. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. type 0. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. Follow the instructions on the status bar. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Under Bolt group. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. Click Apply to save the changes. The starting point values Dx. 4. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. 5. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group.

85) 4. 2. reselect the main and secondary parts. 5. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. 3.1. If you do not want to create any bolts. Before creating holes.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. To create round holes: 1. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. When prompted. 4. 2. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. See also Bolts (p. Click Apply to save the changes. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Holes (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes.

select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. 2. 4. 3. select Slotted. To indicate which parts should be slotted. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. If you do not want to create any bolts. See also Click Apply to save the changes. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. In the Hole type list box. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 8. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. For example. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. 5. Holes (p.

Optional: Modify the weld properties. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. without connecting any other parts. Follow the instructions on the status bar. If you do not want to create any bolts. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 94) Weld preparation (p. 2. Select the part to weld to. this is the main part of the assembly. 4. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 .1. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. 7. In the Hole type list box. Select the part to be welded. 86) 4. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. this is the secondary part of the assembly. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. 5. Click Apply to save the changes. or use a component that automatically creates welds. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 4. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 6. Holes (p.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. If you are creating a workshop weld. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. 3. select Oversized. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. If you are creating a workshop weld. In the Oversize field. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 3. 2.

Example The following image shows welds in different positions. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. or z). 229) Weld position (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. y. 91) Weld properties (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Select the part to be welded. If you are creating a workshop weld. 5. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 3. pick the points you want the weld to go through.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. Pick the starting and end point. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Select the part to weld to. or alternatively. 2. this is the main part of the assembly. 4.

their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. use the SPD profile. Select the part that you want to weld. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. 2. or alternatively. Pick the starting and end point.See also Welds (p. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. without connecting any other parts: 1. Select the part that you want to cut. 4. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. or apply a component that does it automatically. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. See also Welds (p. 3. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 2. pick the points you want the weld to go through. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. See also Welds (p.

Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p.3. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. and tiles.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. When you create overlapping surface treatments. for example. 94) 4. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . you change the size of a part). surface mixes. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. Select the cutting part.g. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one.

In the Type list box. 4. Click the Select.. See also Surface treatment (p. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. The options are Middle. 3. 6.. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. select the location of the surface treatment. 5. to select a material from the catalog. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. b On the Pattern tab. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. and Behind. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 2. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab.. 7.. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. select the specific surface treatment. select the type of surface treatment to use. Front. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. In the At depth list box. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. In the Surface treatment name list box. 9. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. 8. See also Surface treatment (p. select Tile surface from the Type list box.

4. Pick the origin of the surface treatment.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 2. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 4. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4. 3. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. b Select the part face. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 2. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 2. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. b Select the part face. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 3. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. 3. Pick the direction. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Adding surface treatment to parts (p.

The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. or right). pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. left.5. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. bottom.

\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 .dat file using any text editor. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment.. The file is located in the . See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Open the product_finishes. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. To create new surface treatment options: 1. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected.

Surface treatment (p. For example. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. Open the TilePatternCatalog. 2. 4. For example. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. a Define the surface treatment type. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2.xml file using any text editor. MF for Magnesium Float. 100) Example pattern definition (p. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. Magnesium Float. See also Add rows to define new options. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. See also Surface treatment (p. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". The file is located in the . For example. Save the file. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1.. 1 for concrete finish.

100) Example pattern definition (p.xml file.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. and then modify it to suit your needs. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . Other elements are optional. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. Save the TilePatternCatalog. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define.xml file. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. 4. Tiled surface treatment (p. 3.

You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.xml file.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

xml file. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p. Filenames identify the pattern types. herringbone.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog.. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Located in the .xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. Located in the . TilePatternCatalog. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 . 103) Tile pattern elements (p.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. For example.xml file..dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog.

This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Required. In Tekla Structures. Optional. Color of the tile or mortar. Optional. 108) Cuts (p. See also Chamfers (p. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 104) Fittings (p. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. Required. steel and concrete polybeams.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. Tile pattern element.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. Optional. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. 113) Cambering parts (p.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. concrete slabs. Required. defined from the origin of the pattern. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. Optional. 100) 4. and manufacturing reasons. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. Required. At least one required. practical. 115) Combining parts (p. The origin of an individual tile. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. and concrete panels). The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. 116) Splitting parts (p. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . defined by the RGB values (0– 255).

3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . 104) Chamfering part corners (p. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Chamfers (p. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. Click Modify. 5. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Modify the chamfer properties. You can modify the default chamfers. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. which does not change the geometry of the part. See also Select the part. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 2. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. 4. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions.

x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. You can modify the default chamfers. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

Select the part you want to chamfer. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. 4. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the chamfer. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . 2. See also Chamfering part corners (p. 5. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. b Modify the chamfer properties.

You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. c Click OK.6. which passes through the cutting line you pick. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. 3. and so on. perpendicular to the view plane. which makes it easier to create connections. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. Pick the first point of the cutting line. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. 4. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 2. details. 104) Creating a fitting (p. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. 232) Chamfers (p. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick.

Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. For more information on how to change this. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. In situations like this. use the Cut Part commands instead. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. see Fittings affect NC data. See also Fittings (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. You must create cuts in a plane view. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape.

You can cut parts that already have cuts. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. This can be useful. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. for example. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. 3. See also Cuts (p. Pick the first point of the cutting line. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. 5. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. Select the part you want to cut. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 2.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 3. For example. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. To cut a part with a line: 1. Pick the side you want to remove. Pick the second point of the cutting line. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 5. 4. 109) Line cuts (p. Cuts (p. 109) Polygon cuts (p. 4. Select the part you want to cut. 2. To close the polygon.

Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. See also Cuts (p. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. and strip footings. contour plates. Pick an existing corner (1). 2. 4. 6. Pick the corner to remove (5). To cut a part with another part: 1. 109) Part cuts (p. 2. concrete slabs. 3. Delete the cutting part. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. Select the cutting part. 4. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Pick another existing corner (4). To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 3. 3). move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. Alternatively. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Select the part you want to modify. 5. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. The part cut does not affect other parts. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. concrete panels. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Pick new corners for the polygon (2.

use the dz2 field. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. Click Modify to warp the slab. For example. Go to the Deforming tab. See also Warping concrete parts (p. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. • 3. use the dz1 field. 3. 6. relative to the part reference line. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. Modify the chamfer properties. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 5. In the Start field. relative to the part reference line. In the End field. 2. Fine-tuning part shape (p. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. 4.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. Move the chamfers. Click Modify to warp the beam. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. Click OK to close the dialog box. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p.

• The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. See also Warping concrete parts (p. To see the warping angle of a single slab. 6. 7. Click OK to close the dialog box. which warps the slabs. Select the chamfer you want to move. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. For example. For example. 5. 4. To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. 2. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Linear dialog box. and go to the Deforming tab. In the Move . Click Move. 8.4. type a value in the appropriate direction field. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on.

Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. Go to the Deforming tab. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. skews. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. 3. Cambering parts (p. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. define the degree of camber. and embeds in the model. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. When drawings are created. Cambering affects the position of cuts. 4. in other words. including the template output.See also Warping concrete parts (p. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. 104) Cambering a part (p. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. 2. Click Modify. In the Cambering field.

The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. In the Shortening field. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Click Modify.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. In the Shortening field. 4. 4. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. For example. 3. Go to the Deforming tab. define the degree of shortening. Click Modify. See also Combining two parts into one (p. When you select the parts you want to combine. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. Go to the Deforming tab. enter a negative value. 115) 4. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 3. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. 2.

Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1.1. curved beams without offsets.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. You can use splitting with straight parts. Click Edit > Combine. You cannot split polybeams. 2. 116) 4. Select the first part. Select the part to attach to. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . When you combine parts. 3. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. See also Combining parts (p. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. Select the part you want to attach. 2. Select the second part. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. Combining parts (p. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. 3.

4. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 2. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. Pick a point for the dividing line.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. and on the same side of the part. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. check the result after splitting. 2. If you split contour plates that have bolts. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. Select the part you want to split. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 3. Select the part you want to split. See also Splitting parts (p. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. See also Click Edit > Split. Splitting parts (p. welds or surface treatments. Click Edit > Split. 3.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 135) Checking the model (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. you can move and rotate the model. You can use a mouse. 128) Visualizing project status (p. 122) Flying through the model (p. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 119) Rotating the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. or pull out for a wider view. and backward to zoom out. 121) Moving the model (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. keyboard shortcuts. 119) Inquiring the model (p. or a combination of both.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 142) 5. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. See also Zooming the model (p.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. 2. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. Create a zoom window. select Wire frame. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings.If you do not have a wheel mouse. Open a wire frame view of the model. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. If this option is off. press Page Down. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. c Click Modify. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. Place the mouse pointer over the model. See also Viewing the model (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. • See also To zoom out. b In the View type list box. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. For more information on each command. Zooming the model (p. press Page Up. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. 2. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window.

To change the level of magnification. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. Click the Magnifier icon. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. See also Zooming the model (p. To rotate the model.e 3. and then drag the pointer to size the window. 4. In wire frame views. As you move the pointer in the general view. menu commands. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. keyboard shortcuts. zoom in and out in the zoom window. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 .

Click Modify. 3. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Define a specific rotation angle 1. and then pick a position in the view. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. 2. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. Press Ctrl + R. press v. Pick a position in the view. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. See also Rotation settings (p.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. For more information on each command. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. 2. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. To relocate the center of rotation. 213) Viewing the model (p. 3. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering.

Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. you can travel through a model. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. To stop panning. select Perspective. down. or Shift+M. drag the mouse in the desired direction. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. 3. scroll with the mouse wheel. press Esc.. 4. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. Click View > Fly. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. • To change the flying direction. 2. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. 2. Set view projection to Perspective. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. 5. You can also adjust the field of view setting. Select a view. b In the Projection list box. c Click OK. Move the model using the Pan command 1.. left and right arrows on the keyboard. Use the up. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. 3. c Click Modify. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. > Model View. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. To fly through a model: 1. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. • • To move up or down.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . 2. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. To activate the middle button pan. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To change the camera angle.

4. press Esc. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. See also To delete a clip plane. To move a clip plane. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. To stop flying. brochures. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. or the entire Tekla Structures window.• 6. To create a clip plane: 1. 2. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. press Esc. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. 2. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. 5. To finish creating clip planes. 6. You can use screenshots in posters. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. view.. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Select a plane. Click View > Create Clip Plane.. Viewing the model (p. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model.

Click Capture. select Rendered view. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed..bmp format. select View without Borders. Creating a screenshot (p. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. select Dialog. select View. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in .. as a custom component thumbnail. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears.3. 3. Click Options. 2. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window.. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels.. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. Under Capture. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom.bmp) format to use it. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. To capture the active view without borders. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. click Pick view and select a view. To print a screenshot: 1.png) files. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. 4. 5. Creating a screenshot (p. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. select Main Frame. Select Place on clipboard.. Set the desired properties and click OK. Click Capture. To capture the active view. for example. 4. See also Creating a screenshot (p. 7.. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. 6. 2. 125) Screenshot settings (p. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer.

see the Template Editor user documentation.. For more information on how to use templates. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. and length of the selected model object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding.5. Select an object. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. See also Inquiring the model (p.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. within the model. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. See also Inquiring object properties (p. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. weight. By default. or a group of objects. 2. 2.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. Select a part. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. To inquire object properties: 1. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object.. the tool shows the total area.. See also Inquiring the model (p. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. See also Inquiring object properties (p. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. 126) Object property report templates (p.

Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. click Add…. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder.. • 4. By default.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder... MAX.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.config file in the .config file: 1.. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.. The file is located in the . *.. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. 3. Use the InquiryTool. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.lst file located in the . click Edit.. Change the position number of the new attribute. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. To modify the default attributes. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. • To create new calculated attributes. -. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. Click Manage contents. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder.. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. or MIN) from the list box. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. 3.config file in any standard text editor. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. • To remove attributes from the tool window. the file contains 65 attributes. • To modify the calculated attributes. edit the InquiryTool. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.. and /) to form equations. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. 2. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. Open the InquiryTool. 2.. AVERAGE. • To change the order of the attributes. For example. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. use the Up and Down buttons. • To add more attributes to the tool window..

128) Representation options (p. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. Showing and hiding objects (p.lst file. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Modify the NAME. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. DATATYPE. 5. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. Save the file. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 2. For example. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. 132) Object representation settings (p. When you redraw a view. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view.. 126) 5. 6. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. 132) Object groups (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click Display. 3. to open the Display dialog box. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 216) Representation options In rendered views. 128) Display settings (p. UNIT. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file.4. DISPLAY_NAME.. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed.

and their surfaces are shaded. underlying parts are not visible. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. i. Parts are transparent. parts are transparent. surfaces are not. In this example. component objects are displayed as Rendered. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. Example In this example. component objects are displayed as Rendered.e.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . i.e.

Other parts are almost completely transparent.e. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . when viewing clash check results in a large model. To hide selected parts: 1. Click View > Hide Part. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. 3. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. i. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components.. This can be useful.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. To completely hide the parts. 2. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. parts are not transparent. Showing and hiding objects (p. for example.5 and Shift+1. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All.. The parts are shown as sticks. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. • • See also To make the parts visible again. for example... This option is useful. Select the parts you want to hide.

Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. Tekla Structures displays all parts. To display a part with exact lines: 1. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. fittings. Select the assembly you want to hide. 3. Showing and hiding objects (p. and other details belonging to the assembly. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. To completely hide the unselected parts. To make the parts visible again. cuts. See also Select the part. 2. 4. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Hide an assembly 1. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . To show the unselected parts as sticks. To clear the exact lines effect. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. welds. 2. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. The unselected parts become almost transparent.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Right-click and select Redraw View. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. click View > Redraw All. bolts. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. Click View > Redraw All. 3.

The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. welds. 128) Creating an object group (p. 133) Deleting an object group (p. 2. and Condition list boxes. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. 128) Refreshing views (p. c In the Value list box.. Right-click and select Redraw View. Select the component you want to hide. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. Click View > Redraw All. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. 4. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. a Click Add row.. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . type a value or select one from the model. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Modify the object group settings. 2. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. b Select options from the Category.. Property.Representation dialog box. and other details belonging to the component..See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. Click Object group. to open the Object Group . d Add more rows. 128) Refreshing views (p. 3. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 133) Visualizing project status (p. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Tekla Structures displays all bolts.

For example.5. 2. Object groups (p.PObjGrp. Select the object group you want to copy. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Object groups (p. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. Object groups have the file name extension *. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . and they have the file name extension *. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder.PObjGrp. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. 3. Select where you want to copy the object group. • To make an object group available in another model. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. Click Save as to save the object group. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Object groups (p. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. 2. • To make an object group available in all models. 6. copy the file to the system folder. Restart Tekla Structures.

128) Creating object representation settings (p. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 6. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object.. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 5. 7. 9. 3. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. To create object representation settings: 1. Click Add row. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 8. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . If an object belongs to several object groups.. 4.

214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. 3. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. 213) Transparency settings (p.rep. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. Apply. Select where you want to copy the settings. Restart Tekla Structures. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. 133) 5. Restart Tekla Structures. For example. copy them to the system folder. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. or OK. • To make the settings available in another model. and they have the file name extension *. • To make the settings available in all models. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . Object representation settings (p. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. See also Object representation settings (p. 2. See also Object representation settings (p.rep. 2. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. See also Creating a visualization (p. 133) Color settings (p.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. To create project status visualizations.

rep) and object group files (*. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. To view the visualization in the model. 2. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. 2. Visualizing project status (p. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. See also Visualizing project status (p. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. Select where you want to copy the settings. • To make the settings available in another model. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box.4d. a In the Object representation list box.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model.. Modify the visualization settings. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. select one of the predefined object representation settings. Restart Tekla Structures. Restart Tekla Structures. 5. c Define the length of the time step. 6. 4.. and they have the file name extension *. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. copy them to the system folder. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 4.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. • To make the settings available in all models. 3. click the step buttons. 3. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures.4d. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 2. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. See also Visualizing project status (p. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder.

After that. 2. select Object. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled.. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. select Earlier than or equal. Click View > Representation > Object representation. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . See also Click Modify. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. The Select Date dialog box appears. See also Visualizing project status (p. Visualizing project status (p. Click User-defined attributes. 7. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. e Select Review date and click OK. 4.. On the Status tab. Click Object group. b In the Property list box. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. 2. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. Finally.. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p.Representation dialog box.. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model.. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. select INSTALL_PLAN. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. 5. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. select Select date. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. 3. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. to open the Object Group . To create the object group: 1. To make it easier to select parts. 6.In the following example. To define an erection schedule: 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. d In the Value list box. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared... a In the Category list box. 8. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p.. 3. c In the Condition list box.

c In the Color list box. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. 133) Visualizing project status (p. 3. In the box next to the Save as button. In the box next to the Save as button. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . d In the Transparency list box.. select Visible.. enter a name for the object representation settings. See also Object groups (p. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. c In the Color list box. For example. To create object representation settings: 1. 5. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. enter a name for the group. select Color by class. enter a name for the visualization. select Color by class. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 4. select Hidden. 132) Visualizing project status (p. you will create project status visualization settings. b In the Object group list box. Click Save as. 138). 5. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 7. plan_same_or_before_review_date. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p.. 2. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Define the length of the time step. a Click Add row. 2. select the object group All. 5. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model.4. In the box next to the Save as button. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 6. See also Object representation settings (p. In the Object representation list box. 4. d In the Transparency list box. select the object group you just created. 137). b In the Object group list box. For example. Click Save as. To create visualization settings: 1. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. scheduled_erection_date. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. a Click Add row. 3.

to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 3.See also Visualizing project status (p. In the list box next to the Load button. Click Load. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 .. click the step buttons. 2. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 138). 4. To view the visualization in the model. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool..

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

135) 5. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. it is useful to check the model for errors.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .5 Checking the model When the model is complete. See also Measuring objects (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p.

143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. Select a bolt group. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. 5. Select a part. 2. Measuring objects (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. Pick the end point. 4. 4. the distance between two points and between bolts. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. All measurements are temporary. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. To measure bolt spacing: 1. For more information on each command. 3. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. 2. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. 143) Measuring angles (p. Pick the starting point. 3. Pick the end point. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. 2. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. Pick the starting point. Pick the center point. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Measuring distances (p. 3. Measuring objects (p.

bolts. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. or reference model objects that collide. If you are checking a reference model for clashes.See also Measuring objects (p. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p.

If colliding objects are found. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. You can continue working during the clash check. Select the objects you want to check. you can choose whether to continue checking. 3. Click Tools > Clash Check. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. To locate the colliding objects. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. or stop checking. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. select a row in the clash check log. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. 2.

If the object has been modified (for example. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. See also To highlight a clash in the model. Only certain object properties affect this flag. resolved. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. To see which properties have an effect. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. 2. The clash is not new. modified. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. double-click a row. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. When you re-run clash check. Click to check the objects. You can continue working during the clash check. if the profile has changed). new clashes are appended to the end of the list. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. A check mark it is visible. 4. right-click one of the column headings. Clash Check Manager (p. 1. select a row in the list of clashes. or missing. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. 5. In the model. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. Click any of the list items to show or hide them.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. When the clash check is complete. 3. 2. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time.

145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. Click OK. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 2. select a session. 3. 3. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 2. In the Open dialog box. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. In Clash Check Manager. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 3. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. Click . . In Clash Check Manager. See also Clash Check Manager (p. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. 2.

d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. 4. 3. icon. 5. go to the Clash check page. 3. If the fields are empty. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . If you clear the check boxes.00. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. By default. Click Apply or OK. Click In the Save As dialog box. 5. 2. enter a new name. Click Save. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. the clearance will be zero. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1.. See also Clash Check Manager (p.. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. Save as. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears..To Save the active session Do this Click . 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . In the File name box. Modify the bolt clearance values. 2. Click Tools > Options > Options. In the Options dialog box. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts.. Planning your numbering series (p. Example For example. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. To save time. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. For example.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. P1002. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. such as plates.. P1003. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. When you run numbering. If you do this. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. . This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. 154) Family numbers (p. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling.

Go to the Family numbering tab.. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials.. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. 2. However. 4. 3. they get unique qualifier numbers. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. This can be used. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Under Compare. and then click Add. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. go to the Cast unit tab. 4. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model.1. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. See also Defining numbering series (p. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. 2. Under Numbering series. 3. Defining numbering series (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. define a part prefix and a start number. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. for example. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. b Select a numbering series from the list. Click Modify. When you use family numbering.

160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. 2. 6. See also Family numbers (p. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. Click Assign. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. 155) Clearing numbers (p. 5. 161) 6.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. clear the existing numbers. Click Apply. 3. only one family number per series is assigned. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. See also Defining numbering series (p. For more information on each command. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. Family numbers (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number.. b Modify the settings. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. c Click Apply or OK. but not all of them. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change... 7. 4.. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. If you do not select any check boxes. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts.Select at least one check box. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. If a series overlaps another. Update numbering in the model. If you select all the check boxes. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. However. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering.See also Numbering settings (p. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. If you add new parts. 159) Clearing numbers (p. See also Numbering objects (p. for example. 158) Control numbers (p. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. In this case you should renumber the parts. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. However. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. 158) Changing numbers (p. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. the x coordinate. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. The default start number is 1. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements.

Second direction is Y. With negative directions (such as -X). If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. Example In the following example. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. 2. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. their y coordinates are also compared.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. When you assign control numbers. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. the sort order is X Y Z. their z coordinates are also compared. See also Select the parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. For example. Numbering objects (p. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. if First direction is -X. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. and Third direction is Z. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

and then click Create. Define the control numbers to be used. select the parts in the model. In the Status list box. do not select any parts in the model. multi-position. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. and then click Create. select the parts. 3. To only consider specific parts. 158) Control number settings (p. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. 5. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. In the Numbering list box. 7. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. 4. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. 5. type the first control number to be used. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. For example.. or family numbers after you run numbering. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. assembly.See also Numbering objects (p. specify which parts get control numbers. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. number the model. to assign the control numbers 2. Click Apply. 2. See also Control numbers (p. • 3. define the interval. 11. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. • To consider all parts in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . or specific parts. 2. 8. 8. b In the Step value field. This command does not change the numbering series. a In the Start number of control numbers field.. 4. Indicate which parts to consider.. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. 6. do not select any parts. In the Renumber list box. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. etc. Click Apply. See also Control numbers (p.

To create a standard-part model: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. For more information on each command. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. For more information on each command. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. 2. 4. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Set the desired properties. To clear the position numbers: 1. Click Assign.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. See also Numbering objects (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. If the number you specified is already in use. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. This functionality only applies to steel parts. 3. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2.1. Next time you run numbering. Select an object. See also Numbering objects (p. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. This is for information only and the number is still changed.

For information on how to interpret the log file. 11. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. 10. > Numbering.. Open another model. and so on). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 .. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. StandardParts. Explode all components. and that it points to the correct standard-part model... Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. Number the model.. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. 12. STD1. 7. 8. 13. especially before producing drawings or reports.. STD2. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set.. 9... to display the Numbering Setup dialog box.For example. 4. 3. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. 156) 6. see Numbering history log. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. See also Numbering objects (p. 5.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. 156) 6. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. See also Numbering objects (p. If you have selected the Part name check box. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. Delete all unnecessary items. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Save the standard-part model. 2.

2. Modify one of the beams. 156) Changing numbers (p. Number the model. 5. To number identical beams: 1. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 5. Number the model. See also Numbering objects (p. 159) 6.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. All the beams have the part position number P1. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 6. 4.2. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. 3. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. 4. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. Number the model. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. see the corresponding menu tooltip. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Unless you want to repair the entire model. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model.

Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. and each pair has the same length. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. All beams have the same profile. but each pair has a different length. but the holes are different. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . The parts have the same main profile. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p.

8. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. and then click Apply. and another one for steel columns. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. Create steel columns. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases.. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. To number parts in selected phases: 1. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Select the Column orientation check box. and then click Apply. 4. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. Before you start. Select one of the steel columns in the model.. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 10. divide the model into phases. 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. 5. 3. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 9. 7. 6. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered.

Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 6. Select the parts you want to number. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. Select one of the parts you want to number. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series.. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 5. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. Modify the numbering settings. For example. 7. 3. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. 4. and then click Apply. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 .. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering.

• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. 164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project.

and erection sequences. for example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . You can classify information according to your needs. and categorize object types. lots. 167) Phases (p. 172) Lotting (p. 181) 7. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. 174) Parametric modeling (p. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. 176) Sketched cross sections (p.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. based on purchasing contracts. 171) Sequences (p. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects.

169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. See also Creating logical areas (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only.

right-click the selected section or story. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). d Click New Story.. c Click New Section. 5. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. In Model Organizer. 4. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings.. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. b Click New Building. You can also create subtypes for object types. 2. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . select the area for the section or the story. 4. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. a Right-click Object Types. To make it easier to view and select parts. Create a path structure. Click Tools > Model Organizer. In the model... 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. b Click New Object Type. Create object type categories. 3. and select Add Selected to Category. See also Organizing the model (p. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. a Right-click Logical Areas. 3.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. 2. See also In Model Organizer. Organizing the model (p. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. Click Tools > Model Organizer. In the model.. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . In large projects.. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s).

Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Drag the category to another location. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Drag the objects to another category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. Select the new area in the model. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. 3. Select the objects in the model. 1. 3. 2. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 2. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. See also Organizing the model (p. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 1. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. 2. 1. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. To show all objects again. To show all objects again. 1. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. 2. See also Organizing the model (p. 2.

2. 167) 7.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . Divide the model into phases. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. This is phase 1. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. hide objects. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. select the objects. 2. You then copy this basic model to all users.. 3.. 171) Custom phase properties (p. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections.... Click OK to save your changes. Click OK to confirm. From now on. Organizing the model (p. 5. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. 4. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model.. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2.). For example. select an object and click Phases by objects. Click Add to create new phases. and copy objects from other models. Click Tools > Phase Manager. 3. 4. 3. First create a basic model that includes. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. When a part of the model is completed. You can create reports and views. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. for example. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. select a phase from the list. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. according to their phase number. etc. and then click Modify phase. c Phases (p. a To identify the phase of an object. Right-click and select Delete. the columns.

Click Apply.inp file. "My Info 1". Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. no. the second part number 2. d Restart Tekla Structures. If you click Yes.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. The value_type must be integer. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.inp file. To finish adding parts to the sequence. To create a new sequence: 1. and so on. Type a name for the sequence. Creating a sequence (p. add a new user-defined attribute. "0. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. use the syntax PHASE. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 5. For example.0") 2. 171) 7. See also Phases (p. "0. 4. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts.inp file. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. c Save the file. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. To use phase properties in reports and templates. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. For example.0". 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. integer. 3. a Open the objects. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. "%d".Define the names of phase properties in the objects. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. and the field_format must be %d. b In the Part attributes section. You can define several sequences for different purposes. none.inp file in any standard text editor. 6. MY_INFO_1. The first part gets the sequence number 1. 173) Deleting a sequence (p.

2. Click OK or Apply. 2... TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 .. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. MY_INFO_1. For example: See also Sequences (p. To finish adding parts to the sequence. 4. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. See also Sequences (p. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. you must redefine the whole sequence. Click Tools > Sequencer. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. Select a sequence name from the list. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. Click Modify. 5. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. 3. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. To check the sequence of a part: 1. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. If the sequence changes. Click User-defined attributes. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence.. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. See also Sequences (p. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. 2. 4. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. Select a part. 3.See also Sequences (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. For example. Modify the sequence number.. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.

if you are using cast-in-place concrete. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. 4. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. Sequences (p. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. Click Add. 6. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. To view the properties of a part. For example. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. 3. Click Delete and then click Yes. See also Select a sequence name from the list. See also Creating a lot (p. In that case. Type a lot number in the Number field. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. 175) Deleting a lot (p. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. 2. For example. and material of the part. length. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 3.. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots.. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. However. When you define lots. 172) 7. With this information. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. Click Properties. 175) Sequences (p.2.. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example.. For most model parts. 5. See also Lotting (p. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. the weight is based on the size.

you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Apply selected. Click OK to close the dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Lotting (p. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. 4. 3. Click Apply selected. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. When you re-open the dialog box. If you simply select parts. 5. 2. 3. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. 4. Click Properties. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. 3. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. Click Delete. Select an existing lot from the list. See also Lotting (p... The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Select an existing lot from the list. Lotting (p. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 5. When you hold down Shift. To add parts to a lot: 1. 2. 4. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. Select an existing lot from the list. 2.

They can also include formulas. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. For example. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. so that when you move the wall. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. including its geometry. the column follows. such as the name of a column. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object.7. between model objects. such as a beam or column. or relationships. Create dependencies. Variables can define fixed properties. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. location and relationship to other parts.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. and how to use them in a model. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 176) Parametric profiles (p. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 2.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. the Sketch Browser. Open a Tekla Structures model. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 53) 7. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections... 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. and the Variables dialog box.

and vice versa. circles. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. tree-like structure. constraints.See also Sketch Browser (p. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. arcs. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. dimensions. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. 182) Variables (p. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser.

. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. 1=Line . The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 1. or they can include formulas. or 2) and thickness of the sketch.. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. arcs.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Variables can define fixed properties. Lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 .

184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 4.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. and circles. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 2. See also Sketching a polyline (p. such as a cold rolled section. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. Open the cross section sketch editor. 184) Sketching an arc (p. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. 185) Sketching a circle (p. arcs. Ensure that you create a closed shape. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. To sketch a polyline: 1. Pick points to create each line segment.

2. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Pick three points to define the arc. 2. To sketch an arc: 1. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch a circle: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. 4.

force lines to meet. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. For example. create 90 degree angles. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. Before you start. you can still rotate the profile in the model. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 3. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To straighten the entire profile. Although the shape is locked. Select a line in the sketch (1).See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. close the shape. To add a parallel constraint: 1. Select another line in the sketch (2). Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. you can straighten lines. and add chamfers in corners. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p.

186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. Before you start.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). by extending or shortening one or both lines. if they are within a certain distance of each other. The lines do not have to intersect. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. Before you start. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. Select another line in the sketch (2). To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. The lines do not have to intersect.

186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. Pick the end of the first line (1). Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Before you start. Pick the end of the second line. 2). 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. To add a fixed constraint: 1. Before you start. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Select a line in the sketch. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2.1. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 4. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. To add a horizontal constraint: 1.

See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 3. Click Refresh. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 .See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. To add a vertical constraint: 1. Select the constraint you want to delete. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 4. 2). 2. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2.

Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. Select the arc or circle. if you create the dimension marked in red. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. To add a radial dimension: 1. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. In the following example. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p.

Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Before you start. 3. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. between two points you pick. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Before you start. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. To add an angle dimension: 1. Select the first line (1). scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. Select the second line (2). 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. 4. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 3. To revert to the default positioning planes. 3. 2. 2. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. Select the connection positioning planes. 3. 2. 4. Click Modify.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click to show the part positioning planes. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. Select the part positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Click to show the connection positioning planes. Change the Value field. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes.

or blank spaces in the cross section name. To save a sketched cross section. Type a new name in the Prefix field. 5. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . for example. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box.db1 file. Click Save sketch as . Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.bin file. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. and then click OK. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. Update an existing cross section 1. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. Click Save sketch . Type a name in the Prefix field. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. 2. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. and then click OK. You cannot include numbers. Click Save sketch . 2. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. 2. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. special characters. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.4. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1.

The Component Catalog dialog box opens. Modify the object properties. 3. 7.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. 4. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer.. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. 2. such as a cold rolled section. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. To modify a chamfer: 1. See also next to their name. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 6. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. For example. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. you can create rounded cross section corners. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 2. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. 5. Double-click an object to modify its properties. Close the object properties dialog box. Click Modify.. 4.

Type the value of the thickness after =. P1) after =. b Type the extrusion type number (0. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. 3. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. or 2) after =. or symmetrically in both directions. P1). right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 2.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. sketch an open polyline. depending on the extrusion type. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. In the Formula column. In the Sketch Browser. In the cross section sketch editor. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 1. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. outwards. 4. When you change the thickness. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. the profile grows inwards. define the default value for the parameter variable. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box.

button next to the Profile field. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. • 3. click the Select. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. 5. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. • For steel parts. See also For concrete parts. you are ready to use it in the model. click the button next to the Shape field. 6. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Click OK to apply the changes.. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. If you have applied constraints correctly. 4.. 7. 2. Pick points to place the part in the model.

bmp.. Use the cross section name as the filename. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. 5. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. mysketch. for example Microsoft Paint. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. Save the image in bmp format in the . 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Open the cross section sketch editor.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder.uel). for example. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . 2. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. 201) Creating a screenshot (p..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. 4.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. 3.

See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. 2. 4. browse for the folder. To use profiles from a model. select Sketched profiles from the list box. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. 3.bin file. 7. 3. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. 6. 6. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. 4.. To export several cross sections. Select the cross sections you want to export. or copy the profdb.uel files from a folder when creating a new model.. Click OK. 7. Select the file to import. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. you need to import both the cross section and profile. In the Export Components dialog box. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 5. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. Right-click and select Export. from the pop-up menu. 2. To import sketched cross sections: 1. 8. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box.uel). In the Import Components dialog box.. To automatically import all *. Select Sketched profiles from the list. By default. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. In the component list. from the pop-up menu. right-click and select Import. Click OK.. 5.

206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. After that. 2. When you use the profile in the model. Finally. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Open the cross section sketch editor. you will use the cross section in a model. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. At this stage.

Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p.3. 4. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE.

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. In the Variables dialog box. 5. and h2. enter the following values for the distances: 4. command to create the distances h1. Save the cross section. h1. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3.2. 198) Variables (p. and 3. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . h2. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1.

183) Sketch Browser (p. c In the Visiblity box. In the Variables dialog box. 3. b In the Formula box. enter Thickness. enter 10. enter 20. do the following: . 2. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. select Show. b In the Formula box. See also Save the cross section. and then enter =P1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . c In the Visiblity box. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. Variables (p. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. enter Chamfer.00. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. 2. 3. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. d In the Label in dialog box box. In the Sketch Browser. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. b Right-click ExtrusionType. In the Variables dialog box. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. select Add equation from the pop-up menu.00. a Right-click Thickness.1. d In the Label in dialog box box. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. select Show.

Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab.. click the Select. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. 2. 6. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 4. click the button next to the Shape field. 5. 5. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Pick points to place the part in the model. • For steel parts.. and select the CSHAPE profile. For concrete parts. and then enter =P2. In the Sketch Browser. button next to the Profile field. 199) Variables (p. Click OK to apply the changes. • 3. See also Save the cross section. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p.4. 183) Sketch Browser (p. b Right-click Chamfer X. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree.

193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

233) 8. 213) Transparency settings (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. 212) Point properties (p. 217) Detail properties (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 214) Screenshot settings (p. 215) Part properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 211) View settings (p. 212) Rotation settings (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. See also Grid properties (p. 227) Numbering settings (p. 213) Color settings (p.

z is absolute). Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . Grids (p. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Select to bind objects to the grid line. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Grid lines (p. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . y.. y. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. See also X . You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Select to bind objects to grid lines. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines.. and z directions.. Option Phase The phase number. and z directions (x and y are relative..

The rotation angle between the original and new position. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. The local (work plane) and global x. See also Object representation settings (p. y. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. and z coordinates of a point. All parts are colored according to their Class property. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. Coordinates See also Points (p.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures.Rotate and Move .Option Id The ID number. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. which is used in log files. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Option As is The current color is used. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Indicates the correct location of the point. Defines the number of copies created. You can filter objects by their ID numbers.

Object is transparent in rendered views. Saves the screenshot to a file.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Option As is The current visibility. Sets the line width. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. The height of the screenshot. Object is not shown in the views. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . There are limitations to pixel density. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges.. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Object representation settings (p. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot.. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. the settings will be read from that object group. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. The Options.

216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. 215) Display settings (p. rotate the model. You can zoom.See also Creating a screenshot (p.. Rotation is view-specific. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). Opens the Object Group . text and point size remains the same. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. as do text and points. See also Views (p. The projection type of rendered views. 215) Grid view properties (p. Display. When you zoom. See also View properties (p. Which object group is displayed in the view. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 .View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes.. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. In addition. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view.. 124) 8. The appearance of the model in the view.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. Visible object group Object group. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. or fly through it. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones.. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane... the zoom remains on part surfaces.

Exact displays the cuts.. Exact shows bolts. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . None does not create any views. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. e. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. If the View name prefix field is left empty. This option increases display speed significantly. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. Some of these settings may affect system performance. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. no prefix is used. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties..g. This name overrides the name in the view properties. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. and nuts as solids.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. Reference line shows parts as sticks. button displays the current view properties. Each view plane has its own view properties. but skips cuts. or large parts of it. washers. The Show. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. PLAN +3000. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. See also Creating grid views (p. when viewing the entire model. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory.

This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. 218) Contour plate properties (p. 223) Concrete column properties (p. 218) Steel beam properties (p. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. See also Steel column properties (p. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. 222) Strip footing properties (p. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). When using this option. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . 220) Twin profile properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 128) 8. In view does not increase the point size. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids. even if the hole in that part is not slotted.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. This option is only available in wire frame views. 221) Pad footing properties (p. Point size Defines the size of points in views. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode.

Creating a steel column (p. with anti-corrosive paint. e. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The assembly mark series of the column. The type of finish. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The support conditions of the column ends. Finish is user-definable. relative to its reference point. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. cambering. or curved beam. The design information of the column. and shortening of the column. and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . For example. The analysis properties of the column. steel polybeam.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column.g. The material of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. Class Used to group columns. relative to its reference point. etc. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The horizontal position of the column. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. How the column is rotated around its axis. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. The user-definable name of the column. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column.clm. hot galvanized.prt. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. Warping. The position of the column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.

and shortening of the beam. Creating a steel beam (p. The loading properties of the beam. fire retardant coating.cpl. It describes how the part surface has been treated. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The support conditions of the beam ends. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. e. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The position of a beam on the work plane. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. and to identify parts of the same type. Warping. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. Class Used to group beams. hot galvanized. The material of a beam.g. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. The design information of the beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The position of a beam. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . etc. The finish type. cambering. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The user-definable name of a beam. The assembly mark series of the beam.

68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The format is PL+ thickness. For example. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. in terms of depth. The analysis properties of the contour plate. The spanning properties of the plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.g. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. etc. Creating a contour plate (p. e. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The user-definable name of the beam. The position of the contour plate. for example PL20. The loading properties of the plate. hot galvanized. The user-definable name of the contour plate. Finish is user-definable. Profile Material The profile of the beam. fire retardant coating. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. perpendicular to the work plane.crs. The material of the contour plate. Profile The profile of the contour plate. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and to identify parts of the same type. The finish type. with anti-corrosive paint. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The design information of the contour plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The material of the beam.

Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. etc. The analysis properties of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. e. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.g. etc. The type of finish. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The user-definable name of the twin profile. The material of the beams. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. e. relative to its reference point. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. fire retardant coating. relative to its reference point. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. and to identify parts of the same type. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Class Used to group beams. hot galvanized. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . Finish is user-definable. hot galvanized. The horizontal position of the beam. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated.dia. The position of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint.Option Finish The finish type.g. The design information of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. fire retardant coating. For example.

222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The vertical position of the pad footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. Class Used to group pad footings. For example. hot galvanized. For example. The beam position.cpf. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. The analysis properties of the twin profile. The material of the pad footing. The type of finish.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing.g. The design information of the twin profile. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. fire retardant coating. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. Finish is user-definable. with anti-corrosive paint. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. Defines how the profiles are combined. relative to its reference point. perpendicular to the work plane. The offsets of the ends of the beam. in terms of depth. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. relative to the beam’s reference line. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. The vertical clearance between the profiles. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. Creating a twin profile (p. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions.

Class Used to group strip footings. The type of finish. The analysis properties of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. e. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Creating a pad footing (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *.csf. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane.g. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. fire retardant coating. etc. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Finish is user-definable. For example. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. relative to its reference point. The material of the strip footing. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. hot galvanized. and to identify parts of the same type. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing.

The type of finish. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and to identify parts of the same type. Define the cast unit series of the column. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. e. Creating a concrete column (p. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. The design information of the footing.ccl. The analysis properties of the column. For example. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. Class Used to group columns. with anti-corrosive paint. Finish is user-definable. fire retardant coating. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The design information of the column. Creating a strip footing (p. etc. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.g. cambering and shortening of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . How much the column is rotated around its axis. Warping. The material of the column.

cambering and shortening of the beam. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. Define the cast unit series of the beam. Creating a concrete beam (p. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. fire retardant coating. For example. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. Warping. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . The beam position on the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends. Finish is user-definable. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The type of finish. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. It describes how the part surface has been treated. etc. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type.csl. The loading properties of the beam. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam.g.cbm. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. The design information of the beam. relative to its reference line. Class Used to group beams. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. e. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. The analysis properties of the beam. hot galvanized. The material of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint.

Class Used to group panels. and to identify parts of the same type. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. hot galvanized. perpendicular to the work plane. Finish is user-definable. Creating a concrete slab (p.cpn. fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). The type of finish. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable.g. and to identify parts of the same type. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. hot galvanized. The position of the slab. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. The material of the panel. The material of the slab. The spanning properties of the slab.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. etc.g. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. Class Used to group slabs. The design information of the slab. For example. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. etc. fire retardant coating. in terms of depth. e. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The type of finish. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The loading properties of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. The analysis properties of the slab. Define the cast unit series of the slab. For example. e. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab.

The spanning properties of the panel. The design information of the panel. The offsets of the ends of the panel. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. See also Bolt properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the panel. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. The loading properties of the panel.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. 227) Weld properties (p. Define the cast unit series of the panel. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Creating a concrete panel (p. relative to its reference line. 229) Weld types (p. The analysis properties of the panel. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. 81) 8. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Bolt assembly standard/grade. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p.

the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. group diameter. Bolt spacing. depending on the bolt group shape. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Extra length Additional bolt length. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. number. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. Zero for a round hole. x allowance of a slotted hole. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. or coordinate. y allowance of a slotted hole.e. enter a negative value for cut length (e. Bolt spacing. depending on the bolt group shape. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. Tolerance = Hole diameter . This allows the bolt to move in different directions. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. If the bolt connects several parts.g. in both directions from the bolt group plane. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. -150). Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. or co-ordinate. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Zero for a round hole. For example. In the illustration below. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value.

Type Angle See Weld types (p. not in drawings. but does not display it drawings. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. 231).Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Bolts (p. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . The angle of weld preparation. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. or groove. For example. The size of the weld. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. relative to the current work plane. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Dy. Tekla Structures creates the weld. 93). Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. bevels. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. At depth Dx.

You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. 72). Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. 92). The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. To create a non-continuous weld. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. for example. For example. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. defining the start and end points of the weld. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . for example 50–100. information about the weld specification or process. The space between the welded parts. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. for example. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. To change the separator to @. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. See Weld position (p. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation.

91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the electrode strength. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 .Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Welds (p. Defines the process type. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded.

105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. See also Chamfering part corners (p. The name of the chamfer. Use these fields. to give plates varying thicknesses. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. for example. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. The dimensions of the chamfer.

The shape and position of the first end point. See also General numbering settings (p.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. All information on previous numbers is lost. and the shape is angled. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. 107) 8. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. The shape and position of the second end point. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. and the shape is straight. See also Chamfering part edges (p. and the shape is straight. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . 234) Control number settings (p. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction.

Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. The part name affects numbering. Numbering objects (p. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. and save sequence. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. The orientation of beams affects numbering. The orientation of columns affects numbering.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. See Assembly position numbers (p. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. 157). The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. numbering. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. size. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. and number of holes affects numbering.

All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. If some welds have been removed. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. See also Numbering objects (p. Control numbers (p. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Defines the interval between two control numbers. No keeps the existing control numbers. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

239) Right-hand rule (p. 2. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p. See also Defining default part properties (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 241) 9.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 238) Modeling identical areas (p. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1.

For a project that has several identical floors. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. 2. In the box next to the Save as button. To use a default set of part properties. For example. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. 5. Save time by modeling these areas once. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . To stop copying or moving objects. then copying it to several levels. 7. when creating grids and levels in a new model. then copying them throughout the model. and object groups. enter BEAM. The dialog box remains open on the screen. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. try modeling an entire floor. b Select an object. or an object group. Before you start. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. for example. c Enter the values you want to use. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. create an empty view or selection filter. For example. Click Save as to save the set of properties. 4. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. Depending on the project. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. This can useful when creating view filters. Click Load to load the properties. enter a name for the set of properties. selection filters. from simple frames to entire floors. 6. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. Start the Move or Copy command.3. 3. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project.

To activate a view. 132) Creating a visualization (p. to open the Select date dialog box. To select a date. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. 2. When you hold the thumb. Click Add row.. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. • See also Use the Page Up. the index finger the y axis. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers.. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. Page Down and arrow keys. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. and then select one of the options. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . 2. Download and install the application. click Select date. 4. index finger. You can either select a date from the calendar. Open the Background color in model editor document. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. and then select an object. 3. 3. With Xmouse active. select one of the options. click Select from model.. In the Value list box. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis.To select values from the model: 1. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. you can use the Xmouse option. Views (p. and the middle finger the z axis. 2.. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. or define the number of days before or after the review date. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. select the review date. a b To select an object property.

Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. • • • • If a cut fails. To locate the failure in the model. especially in components. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange.. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Try to position the cut at least 0. to open the Display dialog box. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. Click Modify. Cuts (p.3 mm). If the component fails. Note that after creating the polygon. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. 4. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. For example. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually.3 mm outside of the part planes. 3. Click Display. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. 2.. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. Clear the Cuts check box. See also Cuts (p. use polygon cuts. the cut is more likely to succeed. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. To lengthen a part. This can cause shop errors. It can cause problems with connections and details. Hold down Z. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. or use the Fit Part End command.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. See also Modifying part length (p. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. move the part handles. 2. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Click a row that contains an ID number.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. Click a row that contains an ID number. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. move the part handles. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. Hold down F. 2. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9.

To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. y directions). pick positions from left to right. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. Creating a single grid line (p. such as beams. always pick points in the same direction. Create points. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. and from bottom to top (in positive x. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 40) Points (p. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. 57) Fittings (p. lines and circles. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. For example. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. Use construction planes. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings.See also Part position (p. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it.

......................... 75 changing the main part....................................................... 75 joining.......................................84 changing the main part.............. 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ............ 75 lotting.......................... 70 adding objects ....................................................................83 casting direction ..........69 steel beams ............................................................................................... see visualizing project status ....... 30 angle dimensions ....................................Index # 3D models.......................... 88 modifying ....... 227 bolt group position .................................................174 numbering ................................ 23 examples..........................................................199 b background color changing........................................................................................................................................................83 cast units .......................................67 warping...........................................82 creating..................81 adding non-concrete objects ..............................................................73......... 67....................................................................68 orthogonal beams......................................... 76 highlighting ....................................148 creating......................................... 76 exploding............................................................................................ 74 numbering ........................................82 exploding ................................. 149 creating ..............................88 a absolute coordinates ......................................................................................................................143 bolting sub-assemblies.................... 174 nested assemblies ............. 71..................................................................................................157 removing objects ..............................................................................83 lotting.......................................................115 concrete beams........................................................................................................ 135 beams cambering............................................................ 218 steel polybeams .........................................................86 bolt offsets ...................................................................................................87 bolt group shape.......................................................88 bolt spacing .......................................................................................115 cast in place........ 79................................................................................... 15 views ..................................... 143 arcs............. 71 using bolts to create assemblies ....................... 75 comparing .....................................105 corner chamfer types...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 117 c cambering parts..........................82 adding objects ................................... 225 concrete polybeams ..105 edge chamfers....................... 39 4D tool.113 bending...........................83 top-in-form face ...........................72 clash checking............................................................................... 185 assemblies ......................................... 71 using welds to create assemblies ................... 71 examples.................................................................................................................................................................83 highlighting .............104 corner chamfer dimensions ......................... 74 changing the main assembly.............................................................................................................................65 bolts .........73...79 curved beams................... 157 removing objects .......................................................................................................... 86............84 chamfering...............105 corner chamfers ..................... 191 angles................ 72 attaching parts....................... 75 showing and hiding ............................................................................................................107 in sketches ................................82 cast unit type .............................................................................................................. 131 sub-assemblies ......................................................................................... 85...........................

....... 78..................................... 78................................... 78............................... 218 combining parts ....................................................................................................147 symbols ........................................................... 158..................................................................................................................................................... 146.................................. 146 clash checking ...68...............................................189 fixed ..............................................................................132 concrete parts ...................................................................................136 corner chamfers ....................................................................77 beams .149 components showing and hiding................................................ 116................................................. 31 columns concrete columns ..................... 225 cast units.............188 parallel ..................................23 color settings ................................................... 232 types and dimensions ...........................................................186 coincident.................... 224 steel columns..........................................................................28 copying hints and tips............. 149 bolts .............146 sessions............ 224 pad footings ....146 managing results .........144 colors ................................................................................................................ 144.........................................................239 grid color.......................133 object representation settings.......................... 223 warping .......................................................41 construction lines ......................................................................................146 class.............................................. 225 strip footings ............................................................................................ 226 polybeams ............ 55 classifying information .............................................................................. 145...............................................104............................167 clip planes................235 coordinates coordinate system............. 219 control numbers ............................................................238 object groups ......................................................................................................................105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..........................................113 constraints....148 changing priority ..... 145....................197 checking the model.....................84 columns ........................................................79 slabs ..............213 finding RGB values............................................................................... 222 panels .......................................... 81..................................................................185 Clash Check Manager .142 circles........................... 105............................................................ 69......... 159 settings ...........40 contour plates .................................................................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies.................................. 78...................41 construction planes.................187 colliding objects ...............187 vertical ..........147 changing status ....... 51.........................................40 construction circles .................................................................................... 66.......189 construction objects ................................................23 background color examples..............................................188 horizontal ...........81 casting direction..................186 perpendicular ............................checking sketched cross sections ................................................................135 project status visualizations .....................................................147 list of clashes ..........................................124 coincident contraints .....................................................187 deleting ........................................ 79......55 background color .............................................................................. 28... 80......................................

................................................. 168 sequences... 40 contour plates...........................138 creating project status visualization settings .............. 108 grid lines...............................................192 in sketching ........192 display settings .....................................................................23 creating object groups ........... 35 welds ...................... 82 clip planes ..................................... 184 slabs................................................................................. 139 erection sequences .................... 111 part cuts........................ 38 grids ..................... 165 tile pattern definition .................................. 137......................................... 68 Custom Inquiry ..................................................... 81 concrete polybeams ........... 80 construction circles..............................191 deleting from a sketch ............. 124 concrete beams.................................. 88 sketched cross sections ....................................... 78 concrete panels.................................... 69 curved beams................ 104......................... 71 tile patterns.................................. 70 views .................... 67 steel columns ........................................................... 112 polygon cuts ........ 109........................................................................................................................................................................ 68 fittings............. 74 object groups....................... 163......... 100 twin profiles ................63 erection schedules......................................................................................... 86 cast units .......... 110.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................204 defining erection schedules.......................................................126 adding attributes..... 66 steel polybeams .........171 e edge chamfers....................................... 160 steel beams.....................................................................................................216 distances measuring.........................................creating assemblies ...................................193 horizontal............................................137 numbering ................... 16 nested assemblies ........................... 78 project status visualizations ............................101 visualizing erection schedules..........................................................65.................................................................................. 174 models...... 168 strip footings..................................................................... 71 bolts..............137 creating object representation settings........................................ 80 standard-part models .............................................................................................................................................................171 detail properties ...................................................................................................................................227 DGN supported objects .................................................................................................................... 169 orthogonal beams ....................................................................................... 111 d deleting logical areas ...................................................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section.............................................................................................................................................. 79 concrete columns ..................... 32 grid views ..........................139 visualizing project status ....... 41 construction lines .......................... 168 lots................................................................................109 hints and tips ........................................................................ 232 end offsets .........................162.......................... 67 storys.................................................. 90 logical areas ..................................................................................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 .....127 cuts .................... 181 sketching cross sections ................. 164................................... 132 object representation settings ......171 exact lines..... 69 pad footings...............................................................................70.............................. 136 screenshots..................48 dimensions angle....................................... 172 single bolts ............................................................. 93..............................................................................171 object types ...........76 background colors .................................131 examining the model ............................................................................................................240 line cuts ............................. 134 object type categories .. 107............119 examples assemblies ........................................................89................................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor...........................127 modifying contents .............................................143 dividing models................................................. 79 concrete slabs ............................................................191 between two points.......................................68......................... 41 construction planes ........................... 181 curved parts............................. 91................................................................................................................................ 78 sub-assemblies ..................................................190 radial..................................................................................................... 124 sections ............................................................... 30 holes......................190 vertical .................... 109...........................

...........................240 grid labels ........................... see tips ..................................................................................................38 properties......................................................................................... 31 labels .................................................................................108 fixed constraints.................................. 90 horizontal constraints ...............................................211 work plane grid ..................................149 fittings ....................30 deleting ......................57 of positioning planes................32 creating..............................29 properties...................................................78................152 reinforcements ..........................................................203 extrusion types.....................................................................................................................................45 selected parts ...............................188 horizontal dimensions ...............................203 inquiring models .......................................................................200 f family numbers ..................................28 grid lines .............................................188 flying through model ....33 modifying ................................................................................................ 223 g global coordinate system ....83 exporting sketched cross sections ..............................163 modifying ...................................................................................................123 footings ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................28 h handles ......................31 part labels .......................................................126 object properties .................................................... 222........................130 top-in-form face..................................................................................................................... 111 lines exact ....156 finding clashes ............................131 work area ........57 moving ....................................................237 holes ................................................................76 cast units ..........................................................................................126 j joining assemblies....................84 unselected parts .............................155 example ......................................... 29.................................................26 highlighting assemblies....132 cut lines.........................................................................................................................................................................................83 reference models ...................................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..............195 reference lines ................................................................................................................................31 origin................................58 reference models ..............................................................................................131 local coordinate system .............................27 hiding assemblies..........................29 modifying ...................................................................145 finding distant objects ....................................131 components .......................................................................................31 grid color......................... 28................75 cast units...........................................62 i identical areas.............................................................................................................64 line cuts....75 l lengthening parts .............................................32 deleting ...................45 hints and tips..... 31 line extensions.............................30 creating.............................................................................................................................238 parts..................................................... 109...............................................................................................215 grids coordinates ..........exploding assemblies...........................56 positioning planes ......33 properties................................ 89.....................................................192 horizontal position ...................153 importing points ........................................................................................................................................................................42 sketched cross sections..............................................................................................212 grid views creating.............................................................................................................................116 levels..........

..................................... 121 saving.............161 identical parts ........................................................................167...................... 163 history................................... 143 angles.............................................................................................................................................................. 17 viewing .............................................................................................................126 object representation settings........................138 object types ......................................... 156 about numbering ....................................157 cast units .... 54 measuring objects ............... 235 standard-part model ......................... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ...........................213 copying to another model .................................................................................................................... 159 examples ........................................ 156 settings .... 120 materials.................. 143 bolt spacing ........................................................................................................................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .... 158..............................................................................159 numbering series................................................................132 color settings ........................................................ 119 flying through model............................................... 241 logical areas ............... 15 checking for errors ...................... 122 numbering ....233 m Magnifier........ 114 models about 3D models ........................................................................................... 143 distances ........................................ 163............................................................................................................................................. 74 numbering........... 155......... 73...................................................................................... 171 examining......133 creating............132 deleting............................................................. 176 rendered or plan view?............................................... 167 rotating ........122 positioning planes...........log files viewing ......................137 transparency settings .........................................................................................................................153 modifying ....................................................................... 153...................................................................160 control numbers..... 123 inquiring............................. 168 viewing ..........158 reinforcements......................................... 238 parametric modeling......................................................................................................................161 clearing...... 169 object types ....152 numbering settings ...... 142 creating .........................................................................................................................................133 example..............................................................................................................................................................214 object property report templates.........172 series....................................... 21 Model Organizer................................................195 using handles ....................................... 175 removing ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 16 dividing into phases.................................................................... 169 o object groups .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 234..........167 viewing ................................................... 156......135 example....................................................................................................162............................134 deleting............................. 167 modeling hints and tips .................................................................................................................................. 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)...................... 151.................................................154 preliminary numbers.......................... 237 identical areas .......................151 assemblies ................57 n nested assemblies....................... 174 deleting... 154................................. 165 family numbers ................... 126 moving.........238 models in a view.................................................................................. 175 creating ......153 what affects .............. 164....................... 58 Model Editor screen layout............................................................................................................160 user-defined attributes............................................................................. 170 lotting............................... 151 organizing...........................133 copying . 233........................................................................................................................................157 sequences ..........................................................157 checking and repairing ................................................................ 174 adding parts . 119 modifying logical areas .. 175 moving hints and tips ...............................................152 identical reinforcements .............135 creating........................... 119 zooming.....................................................................

........................115 shortening in drawings................116 showing only selected parts....113 perpendicular constraints.........................................................................................................131 splitting............................................................................117 part labels ...176 profiles ..................39 points .......................................................................................... 173 shortening ................................70 bending .........................42 coordinates ........................................................................................56 part properties..................................156 placing objects in model ................................................................................................................... 57..........................116 comparing ..........237 hiding .........171 in numbering .....217 parts adding to assembly...............................53 part add.............................................126 measuring...........56 lengthening ......................................................................................................................................................149 inquiring properties ..............................................56 showing and hiding.................................................................................................................................... 154.117 steel parts ................................66 user-defined attributes ........... 78.........................242 showing and hiding.................................................................................................................................... 156 part types ..... 79 polygon cuts................................................................. 145 defining visibility.................................................................................... 67...................................... 144........................................................................................ 172..................164 plane views .......................................................................................................................................................167 orthogonal beams ................................................187 phases .................52 position ................................ 222 panels .....................241 numbering.............................................................................93 polylines ................... 109..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................220 overlapping numbering series ............................77 cutting with another part .............149 concrete parts .....................................143 numbering.......................................................................131 showing with exact lines ..................................65 cambering ......................................74 assemblies..........................................116 lotting .........................objects clash checking ...........42 phase and ID ..................112 polygon welds .....................................................................51 sequences .................................................................................................................................................................. 110..................................................212 importing ............................................. 58 profiles ..................................54 changing the profile ............................................................................................................17 organizing the model .........................239 oversized holes....................................................... 111 polygon shapes.....54 modifying part length .....152 labels ................................................................................................................................128 finding distant objects ..............................................................................................115 lengthening in drawings ................................................................... 112 default properties ............................242 identical parts...........................................90 p pad footings ...............81 panning ...................................63 opening models .......212 polybeams...................................................174 material .....................................................176 parametric profiles .............................128 offsets ..........................................122 parallel constraints..........184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..........................................................................................................115 changing the material ............................................................................................130 horizontal parts ...........................52 properties........................55 warping ..........................242 positioning .................186 parametric modeling ......................................212 properties......................... see attaching parts ......................................................52 combining .........................................................................................................................................156 views...

...................................................43 clash checking........45 viewing changes.........121 parts .........................................................................................................................48 updating........149 RGB values ............................................................................................ 60 end offsets........... 136 example...........................53.............................213 rotation angle knob ........ 59 rotation ......................position bending ...................................................................................................45 viewing layers........................................................ 176 prefixes.......80 s saving models............ 65 depth ......................................................................... 62 levels .......................................126 reports viewing ...............................................................................44 selecting ................ 39 reference lines......... 63 horizontal.................................................... 53 separators ........................... 58 reference model objects .................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ........................................45 inserting..................197 to old clash checking functionality .........................................................144 hiding............................................. 65 redrawing views....................153 numbering .......................................................................................................................................................241 representation options .............................................69 slabs ............................................................................ 53 twin profiles ....................................... 190 radius.................. 59 vertical....................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes.........................................................................57 refreshing views............................................................ 195 reverting to default ............................................128 restoring default work plane ............................................ 136 creating ........................................................................... 135 copying.......................198 screen layout in Model Editor . 125 priority in clash checking.........................30 rendered views .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 93 preliminary numbers...................36 representation options....128 repairing numbering errors ......................................57......................................................................................................45 splitting into reference objects............................... 53 sketched profiles ...................................................................................................................239 right-hand rule .................... 94 printing screenshots................................................................................................................................................. 196 moving.................................... 53 project status visualizations.................................. 47 selecting ..............................................................................................................................................239 rotating models.................136.................................................................................................. 61 positioning planes............................................................................................................................................ 147 profiles.......................................................................................... 48 reference models.............................................................................89 plates..................... 52 parametric ......46 reference points........................48 supported DGN objects .................................................... 64 on the work plane....... 201 standard ......................................................................................................................................................................................161 report templates for inquiring object properties ..58 round holes....................................................................................... 158 preparing parts for welding........................................................................................45 highlighting ................................................... 70 user-defined .................................................................................................................................................17 sketched cross sections .........59 rotation settings ........................................................... 136 deleting............................................................................................................157 relative coordinates ........ 53 weld size prefix.....................39 reinforcements identical .............28 reverting to default positioning planes.....44 modifying properties ................................... 237 r radial dimensions ........................................................................................... 193 handles..................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 properties default ............................

....................184 creating images ................131 positioning planes ................200 importing .................................................45 values from model .......................................................................................................................................................................................172 deleting ............182 sketch editor......................58 top-in-form face............. 235 orthogonal beam properties..........147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................... 203 modifying .....181 adding constraints...............................................................................225 contour plate properties...................................212 rotation settings ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 Sketch Browser................................................116 showing assemblies......................................186 adding dimensions.......................................................................................................................................226 concrete slab properties ...................224 concrete panel properties ..32 single-part welds ...............185 chamfers ............115 shortening parts in drawings ..................223 twin profile properties .........125 printing.........................132 cut lines..............................124 splitting parts........125 saving in bitmap format ...................................................211 grid view properties ..........................53 standard-part models ......................................................................................... 114 slotted holes..................................................................................................................173 settings bolt properties...............................217 point properties...............................................................................................................................173 inquiring .........221 view properties .................184 positioning planes .......................125 settings .........................screenshots creating...............................................................................................................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ..................................................................................................232 detail properties ...................225 concrete column properties .................................................................................... 202....214 steel beam properties ....................................................................................................................38 work area ...................204 exporting ..................................212 grid properties..... 194..........181 sketched cross sections...213 screenshot settings..84 views.........58 sequences ........................190 arcs ................................................................................. 196 profiles .................... see screenshots .................................240 parts labels ...............193.................... 117................124 in Windows Vista .............................................................. 113............................197 circles............................219 corner chamfer properties ......................................................................................................................201 variables ......................199 using in models....... 118 plates and slabs........................198 sketch thickness .............................................................................................................241 shortening and lengthening parts ..................................................................................160 status in clash checking ......................................56 parts with exact lines ................................ 203 extrusion types.................................................................................173 creating..............................................................90 snapping to middle points..............................................................220 pad footing properties...................................................................................................................201 example ......................................................238 selection dial .................131 components ...........................118 standard profiles ...................................................................................................48 reference models..................................57 snapshots............................................................................................................................................................................88 single grid lines .....................................................................198 polylines...............................................................183 slabs........186 saving ...........229 shifting the work plane ...................................26 single bolts ......173 modifying ...................................227 concrete beam properties.............................211 grid line properties ...................................................................214 sections............. 202..............185 creating ......................................................233.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................232 general modeling settings.........................215 numbering settings .................................................................................199 checking........................................216 edge chamfer properties..........................215 weld properties ............................................................................................................................215 view settings ........222 part properties ....................................................................................................................80 warping ....................... 234.............168 selecting dates from model.218 strip footing properties .............................................238 reference model objects ................................................................195 reference lines ........218 steel column properties .....................................................172 adding parts...........................................................201 refining the shape .........................................................227 display settings ....

................... 68 orthogonal beams ..... 98 on selected areas..........................steel parts........................................................................................39 temporary ...................128 visualizing project status......39 closing ...... 99 modifying............215 viewing logical areas ..............36 moving........ 221 storys........ 239 selecting values from model............238 variables in parametric modeling ..................38 overlapping............................................................. 223 sub-assemblies .............................36 visibility of objects.......................... 242 cutting efficiently......................................................................................................... 238 modifying part length. 238 creating horizontal parts........................................................................35 deleting..............................................................................................................67. 70 beams ........................................................... 71 bolting to existing assembly ............................................................................................. 119..214 twin profiles.................................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ............................153 user-defined profiles ........................... 124 numbering history............ 197 tiled surface treatment........................................................................... 103 pattern elements ........................................................................................................21 user-defined attributes........................................................................................215 refreshing ............ 218 columns................................. 70.................................... 242 right-hand rule ................. 221 u user interface in Model Editor ................192 vertical position..........189 vertical dimensions ..................................................................................................................................................................37 view settings .......................................................... 39 top-in-form face .................................... 72 welding to existing assembly........................................55 in numbering.......................................... 69......... 101 pattern definitions........................................................................................................................................... 67 twin profiles ....35 opening...70........................................................................ 100 switching between views ....................................................136 t testing sketched cross sections .................................................................................................................................................................39 creating.....................................................36 view types.......................................................................173 views.. 241 placing objects ............................. 239 copying and moving efficiently ...................................................61 view depth ........................................176 in sketching ..................... 100 pattern definition example ........................................39 switching between views .............. 220 polybeams......................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .............66.35 view planes.. 100 creating new tile patterns ....................................................................................................................183 vertical constraints............. 96 on all faces of part......................................................................................................38 modifying ............................................... 95 adding ........ 218 contour plates...............................................................................................................................................................................161 object types ................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ................................................................. 219 curved beams..........................................................239 properties .................53 v values selecting from model .......................................................................................................................... 66 assemblies ...........................................................................................................33 arranging ............... 96 creating new surface treatments ............................................. 237 finding RGB values for colors.................................................................................... 72 surface treatment ........ 97 on chamfered parts ..........................................170 models..............................96........... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ................................................78................................................................................ 239 modeling identical areas ......................................128 view planes.............................................................................38 naming.............................................170 sequence numbers............................................................................................................. 97 on parts with openings and recesses....................69................................................................................ 97 tiled surface treatment......................... 68........................................................................84 transparency settings ........................................................................................................ 240 defining default part properties........................ 97 on part face ..... 98 on cut faces.......... 168 strip footings ..................................

........................................36 work area ....................26 work plane..........72 wire frame views .............................................. 229 between parts ....................................28 shifting ...........................113 concrete parts.............27 restoring..........91 creating........................................26 hiding ........120 zooming in or out .........................94 weld size prefixes ......................................................120 zoom settings...............................................................................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............231 welding sub-assemblies ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier .............. 94 numbering............ 114 welds.......................... 93...................94 weld position.................93 weld types..........91..............120 with keyboard shortcuts ......... 25.......................................................................27 workspace in Model Editor.......92 weld preparation .................................................................234 polygon welds.................................................................................................................................120 zoom window .............................................................................................................................................. 113........................... 128 defining ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................w warping beams....................... 91.....................................................93 single-part welds..........................113 concrete slabs ...........

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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