Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

3

Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

4

Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

5

............................................................................................. Using bolts to create assemblies ....................................................................................................................................................... Using welds to create assemblies ...3 Creating a steel column.............. 66 Assemblies................................... Creating a nested assembly .......................................... Creating a contour plate .......... Creating a twin profile...................................................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies................ Assembly hierarchy ....................................................................... Horizontal position ............................................................................................................................................................................. User-defined profiles ..................................................................................................................................................... Creating a steel polybeam................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a curved beam ........................................ Showing part labels in a view ........................................................................................................................................ End offsets ............................................................................................................................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ..................................................................................................... Standard profiles ..............Changing the profile of a part ..................................................................... Creating a steel beam ...................4 Creating an assembly........................................................................................................................... 3......................................................................................................................................... Levels ........................................................................................................................... Materials............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..................................................................................................... Parametric profiles .......... Creating a sub-assembly ..... Changing the material of a part .......................2 Moving a part using handles ................................. Position depth .......................................................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views ........................................................................................................................................ Creating an orthogonal beam...................................... Part labels ....................................... User-defined attributes ................................................................................................... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ................................................................................................................................................... Colors ......................................................................................... Adding parts to an assembly ................................................................................................................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ..................... Rotation ............ Position on the work plane ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Bending .............................................................. Creating a round contour plate ..................................................................... Vertical position ......................................................... 57 Steel parts......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the position of a part ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3....................................................................................................................................

Adding objects to cast units ........................................................................................... Creating a concrete column .................................................... 3........................Joining assemblies .................................................................................. Casting direction ................................................................. Showing the top-in-form face ....................... Creating a concrete polybeam ...2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes................................................................................................. 77 Cast units...................................... Creating a round slab .................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete beam............................. Assembly examples .......................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating round holes.......................................................................................................................................................... Highlighting objects in a cast unit...................................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ........................................... 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the cast unit main part ....................................................... Highlighting objects in an assembly .................................................................. Removing objects from an assembly ....................................................................................................... Defining the cast unit type......................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a strip footing ....................... Changing the assembly main part ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3.................................................................................................................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ......................................................... Removing objects from a cast unit ........................................ Changing the main assembly ..................................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ............................................................. Bolt offsets ................................................................................................................1 Bolts............................................................................................................................................................................... Defining the casting direction of a part ......................................................................................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ................... Bolt group shape ............................... Changing or adding bolted parts ................. Creating a concrete panel ............................................................................................. 4......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes .................................................................................................................................. Exploding a cast unit ......................... 85 4................................................................................................... 85 Creating a bolt group.................................................................................................................................... Exploding an assembly ........................................... Creating a single bolt .................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit .......................... Bolt group position .................................................................................................................................

........... Warping a beam using deformation angles ............................................................................................................................ 101 Tile pattern definitions ............ Weld position ............................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ...................................................................................................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts..................................................................................................................................... Part cuts ..................................................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns ..................................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ................. 99 Tiled surface treatment.....Creating oversized holes...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options............................................................................. 104 Chamfers......................................................................................................................................................... Manually preparing a part for welding ......... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area .............................................................................................................. 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ............................................................................................................................................ 4.................................................................................................................................................................................. Line cuts ......................... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ................................................................................................ Weld size prefixes ......................................................3 Welds ...................... Cutting parts with another part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a polygon weld......................................................................................................... Polygon cuts ........................................................................................................................ Warping concrete parts ................. 90 4........................................................................................................................................................ Creating a weld to a part ................ 103 Tile pattern elements ........................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon..................... 104 4.......................................................................... Fittings........................ Chamfering part edges ......................................................................................................................................... Polybeam chamfers ............................................................................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Weld preparation . 96 Adding surface treatment to parts . Cuts .......4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment..................................................................................................................................... 100 Example pattern definition .......................................................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Chamfering part corners ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Cutting parts with a line .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face .............. Creating a fitting .......5 Fine-tuning part shape ...

...................3 Defining which objects are displayed ....................................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................................................... 116 Attaching a part to another part.............................. Rotating the model .................................................................................... 5....................................................... Lengthening a part in drawings ....................................................... Printing a screenshot ..... Representation options ................................................................................................. 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Zooming the model ........ Flying through the model................................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ................. 118 5 Examining the Model. Shortening a part in drawings .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Showing and hiding assemblies...................... 118 Splitting a plate or slab................................................. Shortening and lengthening parts ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 117 4............. Moving the model..................................................................................................................................................................... Cambering parts...........................................................2 Inquiring object properties................................................ 116 Combining two parts into one......................... 4.................................. Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab .................. Creating a clip plane .................................................. 119 5.......................................................................................... Modifying the zoom settings ................................................................................................................................................. 5............................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ........ Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ...............................................................1 Viewing the model .............................................................. Zooming with Magnifier .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .........................................................7 Splitting parts ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a screenshot......................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part .............. Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................................................ Hiding selected parts................................................ Cambering a part .......................................................................................................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers .................. Hiding unselected parts................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ..............................................................................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts..................... Showing parts with exact lines .................................................................................................... 126 Showing and hiding objects ......................................... Object property report templates .................................................

............................................. 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ..................................................................................... Copying visualization settings to another model .......................................................................................................................................... Copying object representation settings to another model ............................................................... Creating object representation settings ..................................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting an object group ............... Finding distant objects.............................................. Finding clashes in a model .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Object representation settings....................................................... Creating an object group ..................................................................................... 5................................................. 152 Identical reinforcements ........................................................................................................................... Comparing parts or assemblies.........................................................................................................................................1 6.......................................................3 Defining numbering series ..........................................4 Creating a visualization ........................... 152 Identical parts ................................................................................ 153 6.............................................................. 135 Checking the model ............. Detecting clashes .. Measuring angles ............................ Clash Check Manager ................ Measuring bolt spacing ............ Example: Creating object representation settings .................................................................................................................................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ....................................................................................... Measuring distances ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151 6.......................................................................................................................................... Deleting object representation settings ... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .....................................................................2 What is numbering .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting visualization settings .............. 151 What affects numbering .... Copying an object group to another model ......... Example: Defining an erection schedule ....................................5 Measuring objects .......................................................................................................................................Showing and hiding components ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ........................................................... Example: Creating visualization settings ........... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ......................................................... 5........................ Object groups ............................................................................. 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status.................. 142 6 Numbering the Model................... 153 Planning your numbering series........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ............................................................................................. Example: Creating object groups ........................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................................................Family numbers.................... Example: Numbering selected part types ............................................................................................................................................................ 167 7............ Assembly position numbers ........................................................................................ 171 Custom phase properties ...........................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases.....3 Sequences................................... Checking the sequence of a part . Example: Using family numbers......................................... Creating a standard-part model .................. 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ..................... Assigning family numbers .................................................. Control numbers.............................................................................................................................................................................. Numbering reinforcements........................................................................... 7...................................................................................................................................................... 167 Creating logical areas ...................................................................... Clearing numbers......................................................4 Lotting .... 6.....................................................................................................5 6..... Saving preliminary numbers............................................................................................................................................................................................1 Organizing the model........................ 162 Example: Numbering identical beams..... 156 Viewing the numbering history.......................................................................................................................................................................6 6............................................................................................... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling.......... Modifying logical areas and object type categories............................................................................................................................................................. 171 7. Creating object type categories............................................................................................................................................................................................ Changing numbers..................................... 161 Repairing numbering errors ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Viewing logical areas and object type categories ...................................................................................... Assigning control numbers to parts ...................................................................................................................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers .................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a sequence ..........................................................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ...................................................... Deleting a sequence .................................. Changing the family number of an object ........................................................................................................................................ 172 Creating a sequence ............................................................... 6............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 172 173 173 173 173 7........................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 161 Numbering examples...................... 171 Dividing the model into phases ...............................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects..................... Overlapping numbering series ................................. Example: Numbering settings during a project .......... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases............................................................. Deleting logical areas and object type categories....................................................

............................................................................................ Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ............................................................Creating a lot .............................. Showing and hiding positioning planes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ....................................................................................................................... Reverting to default positioning planes .............................................................................................. Variables . 176 Sketched cross sections ......................5 7........................................... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ............................................................. 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................... Checking a sketched cross section .................................................................................................................................................... Sketching a circle . Part positioning planes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a fixed constraint .................................................................................. Saving a sketched cross section ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Removing parts from a lot ........................... Sketching an arc ..................................................................................... Adding a parallel constraint ............................................ 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Sketching the outline of a cross section ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ Sketching a polyline ............. Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section................................................................................................................................................. Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ........................................................................... Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section.................................... Adding a perpendicular constraint ........................................................................................................................................................................... 7.................................. Adding a coincident constraint ....................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a lot ......................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ........................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ........................................................................ Adding a radial dimension to a sketch .................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ......................................... Modifying a sketched cross section.......................................................................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ................................................................................................................................ Setting the sketch thickness ........................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes .......................... Deleting a constraint .............................................. Adding a vertical constraint ..................................... Sketch Browser .............................................................. Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ....................................................................................... Connection positioning planes ........................................................................ Cross section extrusion types ................................. Moving positioning plane handles .............................................................................................................................. Deleting a lot ..................................................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch ..............................................................................

.... Creating an image of a sketched cross section ..................................................................................... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ....................................... Importing sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 215 Display settings ............... Concrete beam properties..... Point properties ............... Concrete slab properties ...................................... Exporting sketched cross sections .................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ............................................................................................................................................................... 211 8............................................................................................................... Transparency settings........................................................ Rotation settings ...................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Screenshot settings.................................................................................... Concrete panel properties...................................................... 216 8.................................................................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Bolt properties......... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section...................................................... 217 Steel column properties ..................................................... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 .................................................................................................................. 211 Grid properties .................................................................................................................................. Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ................................................................................................................................................. 227 Weld properties ................................................... Concrete column properties ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ............................................................................................................................................... Contour plate properties..... 8..................... Steel beam properties ........................................................................... Orthogonal beam properties ......... Strip footing properties .........................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 General settings................................................................................................................ Pad footing properties..................................................................................... 215 Grid view properties .......................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings................................ Twin profile properties...................................................... Color settings ............................................................................................................................. Grid line properties............................................................................. 215 View properties ................................................................................. 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8.................................................................................................................................................................................... 229 Weld types ...........................................................................................................................................3 Part properties ..............................................4 Detail properties..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 235 9 Modeling Tips ................. 233 General numbering settings .................................................................................... 233 Weld numbering settings.......................... 237 9.................................................................................................................. Selecting values from the model ...................1 General modeling tips .................5 Numbering settings ................................................... 232 8....................................................................................................... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .................................................. Optional ways of placing objects in a model . 9............................................................................................................................................................................ Creating horizontal parts ........................... 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips............................................................................................................................................................... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ... Modeling identical areas................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Activating an overlapping view ...................................... 234 Control number settings ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 237 Defining default part properties ........................................................................................ 232 Edge chamfer properties .....2 Modifying part length ................................................................. Finding RGB values for colors................................................................................... Hiding cut lines in a view ................................................................................................................... Right-hand rule........................................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying and moving efficiently....................................... Cutting efficiently ..................Corner chamfer properties ...................................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern..............................................................................

you can create a real-life model of any structure. 17) Model templates (p.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. 15) Creating a new model (p. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. such as reports and NC data files.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. 16) Opening a model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . 18) 1. create. 17) Saving a model (p. and save models in Tekla Structures. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. as they react to modifications in the model.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

16

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

19

20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Initially. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 28) Grids (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 29) Views (p. When you open or create a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 .2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. a new window appears on the screen. 42) Reference models (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. 33) Construction objects (p. 25) Work plane (p. 21) Work area (p. 40) Points (p. 43) 2. the icons and available menu options will become active. 27) Coordinate system (p.

23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To use the default background color. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 2. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. set the same value for all four corners of the background.. 239) Background color examples (p.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . 3. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. Finding RGB values for colors (p. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. leave the advanced option fields empty. > Model View. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. and so on.

0 0.0 1.0 Result 0.4 0.2 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.RGB values 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 1.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

0 Result 0.6 0.0 0. 239) 2.7 0.0 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 . dashed lines.0 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.3 0.3 0.6 1.8 0.0 1. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.RGB values 0.7 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 1.0 1.0 0.

or size the work area to include selected parts. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. See also Work area (p. This can be useful. when creating screenshots for presentations. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. you can hide the green work area box.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. set the advanced option to FALSE.. To define the work area: 1. 4. Work area (p. > Model View. See also Defining the work area (p. 3.. Tekla Structures hides the work area. For more information on each command. Alternatively. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. 5. Click OK or Apply. for example. To make the work area visible again. 26) Hiding the work area (p. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. 1. 2. You can define the work area in a selected view. or in all visible views. Click View > Redraw All. To make the box visible again. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. Objects outside the work area still exist. 2. but they are not visible. for example. click View > Redraw All again. or all model objects. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

To shift the work plane: 1. See also Shifting the work plane (p. 2. so it is the same in all views. parallel to one of the global basic planes. or on a part or view plane. For example creating points. which can be used for positioning parts. part positioning.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. When modeling sloped parts. which is the local coordinate system of the model. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. 3. For more information on each command. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. The current work plane is model-specific. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane.2. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. The work plane also has its own grid. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. 28) Right-hand rule (p. To display the work plane grid. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For example.

The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1.. 239) 2.. 2. y.. Work plane (p. Set Plane to XY. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.0 0. 4.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Set Depth coordinate to 0. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE.See also Work plane (p. 3. See also Work plane (p. > Model View. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 3. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 2. To restore the default work plane: 1. For example. Click Change. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane.0 0. Click OK. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures.0. to change the color to red. 4. set the value to 1. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view.

5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. 36) 2. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 27) View types (p. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . See also Work plane (p. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line.In wire frame views.

Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. 3. 29) Grid coordinates (p.. To manually create a grid: 1. See also Creating a grid (p. and Z0. 0 4000 4000. See also Creating a grid (p. If you do not pick a point. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. select the Magnetic grid plane check box.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. Y0. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. For example. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. Optional: When prompted. See also Click Create. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Y0. 31) Grid properties (p. 31) Changing the grid color (p. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. 0 2*4000. and Z0. 5. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field.You can have more than one grid in a model. Click Modeling > Create Grid. You can also create grids manually.. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. 31) Grid lines (p. Modify the grid properties. 30) Modifying a grid (p. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. For example. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. 30) Coordinate system (p. 4. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. Grids (p. 31) Deleting a grid (p. The z coordinates are absolute. 30) Grid labels (p. 2.

To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. If you have also other objects selected. See also Grids (p. 2. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. When working with very large grids. is selected. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. you can leave the label fields empty. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. The Grid dialog box appears. When you delete a grid. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. not the grid. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. 29) Creating a grid (p. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. See also Click Modify to save the changes. 4. 3. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. If you wish. 3.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. is selected. See also Grids (p. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Modify the grid properties. 29) Grid properties (p. 2. Grids (p. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects.

Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. > Model View. 2. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.1. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. See also Grids (p. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. You can use handles to move the grid lines. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. 3. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. Pick the end point of the grid line. For example. Click OK.. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. to change the color to red.0. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 4. set the value to 1. See also Grids (p.0 0. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. When you select a grid line. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. 2. Single grid lines have handles.. 4. the handles appear in magenta. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 0. 3. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. Pick the starting point of the grid line.

See also Grid lines (p. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. See also is selected. For example. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. 2. See also Grid lines (p. is selected. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. not the grid line. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 3. If you also have other objects selected. 2. 32) Grid line properties (p. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . 4. Click Modify to save the changes. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Grid lines (p. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. 3. When you delete a grid line. 32) 2. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Modify the grid line properties.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures.

plane. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. create a 3D view of the part. 38) Modifying a view (p. See also Creating a view (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 39) Refreshing views (p. 38) Switching between open views (p. 38) Deleting a view (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 35) Opening a view (p. which is useful for different tasks. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 39) Arranging views (p. and elevation views provide different types of information. This places the part in the center of the view. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views.When you need to see a specific part clearly.

2. c See also Click Modify. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. or the view will not be saved for later use. If several users have different views with the same name.If you are working with two screens. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. Views (p. 35) View types (p. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. 3. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. See also Creating a view (p. 33) View settings (p. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. it is very important to give views unique names. disappear when you close them. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. Select a view command from the View menu. b Type a unique name in the Name field. Temporary views. See also Views (p. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . which have a default name in parentheses. 36) Creating grid views (p. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. 36) View planes (p. In multi-user mode. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. Optional: Save the view. When you exit the model. For more information on each command. 215) About naming views (p. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. see the corresponding menu tooltip.

xz. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. and zy). The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. 35) Representation options (p. • See also Creating a view (p. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. It does not appear in the plane name. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . In basic views. In the basic plane view.

you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. Other views For view types other than basic views. Pick the end point of the translation vector. 3. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. from the pop-up menu. or the points are defined automatically.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. When you move a view plane. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. Moving a view plane (p. depending on the creation method. Click Move. or enter its coordinates. Click the view. To move the view plane: 1. 37) Creating a view (p. 4. 2. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. or enter its coordinates.. The view plane coordinate equals this distance.. 5. If the Move . 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 .Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. See also View planes (p. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. click the Pick button to re-activate the command.

3. how it will name the views. 4. To create grid views: 1. Modify the view properties. The Views dialog box appears. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. See also Views (p. 35) Grid view properties (p. The Views dialog box appears. If the view does not appear. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. 2.. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. Click Create. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. Tekla Structures displays a warning. 5. See also Creating a view (p. and all visible views on the right. Click View > View List. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Before you start. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. If you try to open more than nine views. Select the grid. 3. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. 33) View settings (p. To open multiple views.. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. create a view that contains a grid. 2.. 2. check how many views you have open. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. Modify the grid properties.. Click Modify. Views (p. or double-click a view to open it. and which view properties it will use.

Views (p. and all visible views on the right. Select the view you want to delete. Click View > View List. select an option from the Angle list box. and then click Modify. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. 3. Views (p. Views (p. The Views dialog box appears. Click View > Redraw All. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Click Delete. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window.. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. See also Views (p.. 33) Switching between open views (p. To delete multiple views.1. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. 2.. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. select a view from the list. In the View Properties dialog box. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . On the Window menu.

XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. Click the middle mouse button. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. 3. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 5. Double-click the plane in the model. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. 40) Creating a construction line (p. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. 4. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. and circles help you place other objects. For example. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. You cannot use the Cascade. See also Creating a construction plane (p. Click View > Close All. Tile Horizontally.To arrange the views. 33) 2. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. When you move the plane. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. They do not appear in drawings. 6. For example.7 Construction objects Construction planes. Tekla Structures draws the plane. 2. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. Type a name for the plane. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. See also Views (p. Pick four points. lines. select the Magnetic check box.

Pick the end point of the construction line. See also Construction objects (p. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. 2. See also Construction objects (p. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. 2. 4. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. 3. Click Modify. see the corresponding menu tooltip. c Click Modify. Pick the starting point of the construction line. See also Construction objects (p. a Double-click the line in the model. b Select the Magnetic check box. For more information on each command. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle.7.

To import points from a file: 1. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. Points (p. 42) Importing points (p. See also Creating a point (p. When you create points. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Create a point import file. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. For more information on each command. 2. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. 42) Point properties (p. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system.2. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro.

*. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. a plant design model.dwg) MicroStation (*. If you do not specify the path. 6. For example: 100. See also Inserting a reference model (p. an architectural model. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. b Save the file.IFC) IGES files (*.rop. During the import process.500. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).igs. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. Type the ASCII file name. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. Type point in the Search field and click Search.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry.1000 300. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas.dxf) AutoCAD (*.700. 7. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. Click Create. or a heating. *.3dd) IFC files (*. 5. Include the full path and the file extension. 3. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. 42) 2.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.prp) Cadmatic models (*.dgn. For example. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. See also Points (p. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point.1500 2. 45) Hiding a reference model (p.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. 4.

Updating reference models (p. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 2. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 6. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click the Browse. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. the file does not exist. 7. Check the work plane position. Click User-defined attributes. 4. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model.. Modify the properties and then click Modify. See also Reference models (p. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 2. Set the scale of the reference model. button to browse for the reference model file.. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1.. see Adding properties. Open a Tekla Structures model. Click File > Insert Reference Model. 3. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. If you do not define a reference model file to use.. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. 4. or you forget to click Apply. 3.. 5. if it uses different measurement units). 46) Reference model objects (p. Click File > Reference Model List. 47) Supported DGN objects (p..inp file. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. For more information on user-defined attributes.

2. Click Reload all. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. switch. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. but the changes are rarely documented. To highlight a reference model: 1. Reference models (p. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. To update all reference models: 1.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . Select a reference model from the list. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. 2. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. 2.3dd) WebViewer (. See also Reference models (p.xml) 3D DWG (. you can highlight them. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. Click File > Reference Model List. See also Reference models (p. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model... Click File > Reference Model List. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 2.ifc) Cadmatic (.... 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. Reference models (p. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. See also Click File > Reference Model List..

select Inserted to see the added objects. Click Display. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 2. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. Double-click the reference model. See also Reference models (p. 3.To view changes in a reference model: 1. button next to the Old file name field. 4. Double-click the reference model. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. For example. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section.. To view reference model layers: 1..

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

49

50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

51

53) User-defined profiles (p. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. A parametric profile. 52) Standard profiles (p. 66) Concrete parts (p. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 2. click the Select. and user-defined profiles. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. Open the Select Profile dialog box... 51) Steel parts (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. 53) Parametric profiles (p. When you create or modify a part. • For steel parts. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. parametric. button next to the Profile field. Icon Description A standard profile. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard.

environmentspecific profiles. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. For concrete parts. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. the profile catalog contains standard. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. Click Modify. • To select a recently used profile. /. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. See also Profiles (p. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile.• 3. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. See also Profiles (p. so you should not edit them. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. X. use the Profile name list box. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. See also Profiles (p. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . 6. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. For example. If you select a parametric profile. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. and *. select the Show all profiles check box. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. select the Show details check box. Select a profile from the list. click the button next to the Shape field. • To see all the properties of profiles. • 5. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. 4. By default. Click Apply or OK. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . See also Profiles (p.

For example. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. Select a material from the list. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. For example. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. including the modulus of elasticity. next to the Material field.. such as strengths. Click Apply or OK. and thermal dilatation coefficient.Materials When you create or modify a part. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. See also Materials (p. 2. select the Show aliases check box. Click Modify. The Select Material dialog box appears. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. Click Select. 6. porosity. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. they can be former names. select the Show details check box. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. or country-specific properties. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. and so on. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. 5. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. • To see all the properties of materials. 3. Poisson’s ratio. • 4.. partial safety factors. or names used in different countries or standards.

. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 .Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. or in projects. When drawings of the parts are created.. Attributes can consist of numbers. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. or lists. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. text. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups.

56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . and Moment User field 1. 4. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1... You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults.. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels.. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. 3. go to the Advanced tab. See also Part properties (p. user-defined attributes.4 Connection code Can be used. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. 2. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. See also Part properties (p. User-defined fields. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. Tension.. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. In the Display dialog box. Select the Part label check box. Click Display..

6. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. 56) 3. The Part label dialog box appears. Move the part like any other object. When you select a part. for example. Select the handles. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. just drag the part to a new position. 2. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. the rest are magenta. See also Moving a part using handles (p. 7.2 Part position When you create a part. Tekla Structures displays the handles. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. Part labels (p. you position it by picking points. Click Modify.5. 58) Part positioning tips (p. a Select a property in the Properties list. The points form the part reference line. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. If Drag and Drop is switched on. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. The handle of the first end point is yellow. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. 3. Select the part. b Click Add. See also Part position (p.

enter a value in the corresponding box. To change the rotation angle. Modify the settings. On the Advanced tab. 3. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1.. to open the Display dialog box. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . On the Position tab. For example. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. Click Modify. 2. See also Click View > View Properties. 4. 2. Plane offset. modify the desired position settings. Click Modify and OK. 2. Part position (p.. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To change the Angle. • • • To change the overall position of the part. 3.. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. use the round selection dial.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. or Depth offset. select the Part reference line check box. The object moves in the model accordingly. Click in the Mini Toolbar. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. Click Display.. Hold down Shift to override this. Click and drag to select a position. See also Position on the work plane (p.

60) Vertical position (p. 64) Bending (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. 61) Horizontal position (p. To do this. 62) End offsets (p.Rotation (p. 59) Position depth (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 63) Levels (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line.

• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . perpendicular to the work plane. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis.

Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 .

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference point.

relative to its reference line. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. You can enter positive and negative values. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 .

in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . the concrete columns form a two-story structure. you must modify their bottom level position. Use to define the position of the second end. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. To position the upper columns correctly. you can enter the positions of the part ends. In this example. not at the level you picked. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). relative to the picked point.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. You can also define the plane of curvature. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. Alternatively. you need to specify the number of segments. which is relative to the current work plane.Top level = 1000. for example a curved beam. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. the less angular the part appears. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 .

Pick the position of the column. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 58) 3. Optional: Modify the steel column properties.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. See also Creating a steel column (p. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 2. Click the Create column icon. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 3. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 68) Creating a contour plate (p.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . 3. Pick the starting point. To create a steel polybeam: 1. Click the Create polybeam icon. You can also create bent plates with this command. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 218) Levels (p. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. 2. 3. 2. See also Steel beam properties (p. Pick the end point.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. 4. Click the Create beam icon. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. See also Steel column properties (p.

218) Bending (p. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. Click the Create curved beam icon. To create a contour plate: 1. Pick the starting point. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. See also Steel beam properties (p. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 5. 2. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. Pick the end point (3). 5. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the starting point (1). 3. Double-click the end point. Pick a point on the arc (2). or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. Optional: To create curved segments. 4. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. Pick the starting point again. 2. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. 106) Steel beam properties (p. Click the Create contour plate icon. 3.4.

104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 3. 4. 2. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. Pick the position of the beam. 219) Chamfers (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner.. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. from the list box. 5. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 69) Contour plate properties (p. Click Modify. 3. See also Creating a contour plate (p.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. 68) Contour plate properties (p. 2. Select the plate. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1.. 7. 6.

221) 3. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. Pick the starting point. 4. Pick the end point. 2. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. See also Creating an assembly (p. See also Twin profile properties (p. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. By default. or by joining assemblies together. 3. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. To create a twin steel profile: 1. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. You can change the main part in an assembly. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies.

use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 3. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . Creating an assembly (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. 76) Assembly examples (p. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Assemblies (p. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 2.Exploding an assembly (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. Assemblies (p. 2. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 3. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly.

Click Apply or OK. 6. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. 7. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. When you connect assemblies. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. In the Connect part/assembly list box. 4. 3. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. In the Connect part/assembly list box. 2. 3. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. Assemblies (p. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Using welds to create assemblies (p.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 4. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. Pick the bolt group origin. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. Click Apply or OK. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. 6. select As sub-assembly. select As sub-assembly. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. You can create workshop welds and site welds. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. 2. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 5. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. 5.

Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. To work with nested assemblies. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. from single parts and bolts. See also Assemblies (p.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. through the basic and sub-assemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. 74) Joining assemblies (p. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 .

marks.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 3. 3. fabrication information. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Adding objects to assemblies (p. etc. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. for all assembly levels. Select the assembly to add to. Select the assembly to add to. 4. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. Select the part you want to add. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. and still produce dimensions. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 2. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1.

You can change the main assembly at any time. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 3. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 2. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. c Select the assembly. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. 2. 2. See also Changing the main assembly (p. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . Select the new main part. Tekla Structures changes the main part. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. Assemblies (p. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. 4. Select the assemblies you want to join. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Select the new main assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly.

right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. 2. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. To explode an assembly: 1.main part Concrete . Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. always starting from the highest level.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . See also Assemblies (p. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .main part Steel part . Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. and then attached to the column in another workshop. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. • To only explode the sub-assembly. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .

Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. Workshop 2 Drawing 1.Drawing 2. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Assemblies (p. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. See also Creating a pad footing (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly.

2. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 2. Pick the pad footing position. 3. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. See also Pad footing properties (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. 3. Pick the position of the column.Creating a concrete slab (p. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. See also Strip footing properties (p. 2. 4. Click the Create pad footing icon. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. chamfer the corners of the footing. Click the Create concrete column icon. Double-click the end point. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. Click the Create strip footing icon. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1.

Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 5. Click the Create concrete beam icon. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Pick the end point. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. 2. Double-click the end point. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 3.See also Concrete column properties (p. Pick the starting point. 3. See also Concrete beam properties (p. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 4. 2. Optional: To create curved segments. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 4. chamfer the corners of the polybeam.

80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. 3. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 5. 6. Select the slab. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 4. Pick the starting point. Pick the starting point again. Pick the corner points of the slab. Click Modify. 7. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 4. 2. 5. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. from the list box. 3. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. To create a concrete slab: 1. See also Creating a round slab (p.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 2.

Optional: To create curved segments. Click the Create concrete panel icon. Cast units can include reinforcement. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. Double-click the end point. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. See also Creating a cast unit (p. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. For example. chamfer the corners of the panel. 2. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. each part is considered a separate cast unit.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. You can change the main part in a cast unit. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. 5. By default. 3. 225) Chamfers (p. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. as well as concrete parts. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 4. 104) 3.

Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. See also Cast units (p. such as steel parts and insulation. 2. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 3. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Cast units (p. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. 2. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 3. Adding objects to cast units (p. Select the new main part. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 3. 4. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. 4. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. Adding objects to cast units (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. 83) Casting direction (p. Select the objects you want to add. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 3. 2. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. Select an object in the cast unit. This applies to anything that is not concrete.

4. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. 2. Cast units (p. 3. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Go to the Cast unit tab. Select the objects you want to remove. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Click Modify to save the changes.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 2. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box.main part Steel part .main part Concrete .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Cast units (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. In the Cast unit type list box. 2. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. select Precast or Cast in place. Cast units (p.

use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. Select a concrete part. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 3. 2. See also Cast units (p. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Casting direction (p. See also Casting direction (p. See also Select a concrete part. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 2. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. To hide the top-in-form face again.

116) Splitting parts (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 85) Holes (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. 117) 4. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 104) Combining parts (p. 89) Welds (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures.1 Bolts To create bolts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 .

Bolts (p. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 87) Bolt offsets (p. 2. 5. 2. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. washers. which is the bolt group origin. See also Creating a bolt group (p. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 86) Bolt group position (p. 7. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. Pick a point. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. and nuts) while creating holes. Select the main part. 4. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 3. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 227) Bolt group shape (p. Explode the component. 6. Modify the bolt group. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. See also Apply a component. Select the secondary parts.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. 3. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 85) Bolt properties (p.

Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. in the y direction of the bolt group.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . Number of bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. x coordinate of each bolt. Diameter of the bolt group. y coordinate of each bolt. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. in the x direction of the bolt group.

3. type 0. Bolts (p. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. 85) Bolt properties (p. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. 4. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. 2. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 227) Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. Click Apply to save the changes. Follow the instructions on the status bar.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. 5. The starting point values Dx. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. Under Bolt group. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. relative to the bolt group x axis. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. select Array from the Shape list box. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. See also Creating a bolt group (p.

If you want to create only holes without any bolts. reselect the main and secondary parts. Follow the instructions on the status bar.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Click Apply to save the changes. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . 89) Creating oversized holes (p. Before creating holes. See also Bolts (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. Holes (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Optional: Modify the hole properties.1. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 5. 2. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. To create round holes: 1. 3. If you do not want to create any bolts. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. 2. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 4. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. 85) 4. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. When prompted.

Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 8. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Follow the instructions on the status bar. select Slotted. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. 3. In the Hole type list box. 5. See also Click Apply to save the changes.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. 2. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. If you do not want to create any bolts. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Holes (p. For example. 4. To indicate which parts should be slotted. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6.

Select the part to be welded. If you do not want to create any bolts. Click Apply to save the changes. 2. 3. If you are creating a workshop weld. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes.1. or use a component that automatically creates welds. If you are creating a workshop weld. 6. this is the secondary part of the assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . enter the allowance for the oversized hole. Holes (p. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. without connecting any other parts. 4. 4. Select the part to weld to. In the Hole type list box. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 3. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 94) Weld preparation (p. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. In the Oversize field. Optional: Modify the weld properties. select Oversized. 5. this is the main part of the assembly. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 86) 4. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. 7. 2.

The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. or z). y. 229) Weld position (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. 91) Weld properties (p. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Creating a weld between parts (p. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 92) Weld size prefixes (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p.

but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. pick the points you want the weld to go through. Select the part to weld to. If you are creating a workshop weld. 2.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. 5. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 4. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. this is the secondary part of the assembly. If you are creating a workshop weld. Select the part to be welded. or alternatively. this is the main part of the assembly. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. Pick the starting and end point.

Select the part that you want to weld. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld.See also Welds (p. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. 2. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. See also Welds (p. Select the part that you want to cut. or alternatively. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 3. Pick the starting and end point. 2. pick the points you want the weld to go through. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. use the SPD profile. without connecting any other parts: 1. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. or apply a component that does it automatically. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. See also Welds (p. To prevent automatic weld preparation. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. 4. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p.

4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. you change the size of a part). and tiles. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. surface mixes. Select the cutting part. 94) 4.g. When you create overlapping surface treatments. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . for example. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes.3. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views.

Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p.. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. and Behind. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. 4. See also Surface treatment (p. See also Surface treatment (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. In the Surface treatment name list box. 3. In the At depth list box. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 9. b On the Pattern tab. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. select the specific surface treatment. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. select the location of the surface treatment. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. select the type of surface treatment to use. to select a material from the catalog. 6. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 2. Click the Select. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. Front.. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p.. 8. 5. 7. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. The options are Middle..See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. In the Type list box.

b Select the part face. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 2. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 2. Pick the direction. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 4. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. 2. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 3. 3. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 4. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 2. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 3. b Select the part face.

96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. bottom. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate.5. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. left. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. or right).

Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The file is located in the . Open the product_finishes.. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox.dat file using any text editor.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. To create new surface treatment options: 1. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.

.xml file using any text editor. See also Add rows to define new options. For example.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". 100) Example pattern definition (p. See also Surface treatment (p. MF for Magnesium Float. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. 1 for concrete finish. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. Surface treatment (p. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. a Define the surface treatment type. 2. For example.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. 4. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Open the TilePatternCatalog. Magnesium Float. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Save the file. For example. The file is located in the .

You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. Tiled surface treatment (p. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. 4. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 .xml file.xml file. Other elements are optional. 3. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. Save the TilePatternCatalog.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. and then modify it to suit your needs. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. 100) Example pattern definition (p.

the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. starting from the origin of the surface treatment.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.

after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.. For example.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. TilePatternCatalog. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 . Located in the .xml file.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. herringbone.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.. Filenames identify the pattern types. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. Located in the . Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.xml file.

108) Cuts (p. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. and manufacturing reasons. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. Color of the tile or mortar. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. In Tekla Structures. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. Required. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. 100) 4. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. practical. 115) Combining parts (p. 116) Splitting parts (p. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tile pattern element. The origin of an individual tile.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. At least one required. See also Chamfers (p. Vertical offset of the tile pattern.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. concrete slabs. Optional. Required. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. and concrete panels). Optional. steel and concrete polybeams. Optional. 113) Cambering parts (p. defined from the origin of the pattern. Required. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. 104) Fittings (p.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Required. Optional.

107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 3. Chamfers (p. To modify a corner chamfer: 1.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. See also Select the part. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. You can modify the default chamfers. Click Modify. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. 2. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. 4. 5. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. which does not change the geometry of the part. Modify the chamfer properties. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 105) Chamfering part edges (p.

x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. You can modify the default chamfers. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . 4. 3. 2. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. b Modify the chamfer properties. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. Select the part you want to chamfer. Optional: Modify the chamfer. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. 5.

Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. perpendicular to the view plane. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. which makes it easier to create connections. 104) Creating a fitting (p. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. c Click OK. 3.6. 4. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. and so on. Pick the second point of the cutting line. which passes through the cutting line you pick. details. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. 232) Chamfers (p. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. 2. Click Detailing > Fit Part End.

See also Cutting parts with a line (p. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. use the Cut Part commands instead. For more information on how to change this. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. You must create cuts in a plane view. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. In situations like this. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. see Fittings affect NC data. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. See also Fittings (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p.

If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . for example. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. You can cut parts that already have cuts. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. This can be useful. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p.

Select the part you want to cut. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 3. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. Pick the side you want to remove. Cuts (p. 4. 3. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. 5. 2.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. Select the part you want to cut. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. 5. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. 109) Line cuts (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. To close the polygon. 4. See also Cuts (p. 2. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. For example. To cut a part with a line: 1. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 109) Polygon cuts (p.

To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. and strip footings. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. Select the part you want to modify. concrete panels. Alternatively. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. The part cut does not affect other parts. 3). 5.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. 109) Part cuts (p. Pick an existing corner (1). Delete the cutting part. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. To cut a part with another part: 1. contour plates. Select the cutting part. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. 3. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. 4. Pick the corner to remove (5). 4. See also Cuts (p. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. 2. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 3. Pick another existing corner (4). Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. concrete slabs. 6. 2.

• 3. 2. relative to the part reference line. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. 6. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. 3. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. In the Start field. Modify the chamfer properties. In the End field. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Click Modify to warp the slab. 2. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. Go to the Deforming tab. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. Click Modify to warp the beam. use the dz2 field. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. use the dz1 field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 5. relative to the part reference line. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. Click OK to close the dialog box. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. 4. Move the chamfers. For example. Fine-tuning part shape (p. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box.

To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. which warps the slabs. 5. 8. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. For example. Click OK to close the dialog box. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. 6. Click Move. 2. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. See also Warping concrete parts (p. type a value in the appropriate direction field. In the Move . 4. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. Select the chamfer you want to move. To see the warping angle of a single slab. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. For example. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. and go to the Deforming tab. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. 7. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected.Linear dialog box. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component.4.

define the degree of camber. and embeds in the model. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. When drawings are created. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. In the Cambering field. Cambering parts (p. Cambering affects the position of cuts. skews. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. Click Modify. including the template output. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. in other words. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . 2. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. Go to the Deforming tab.See also Warping concrete parts (p. 104) Cambering a part (p. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 3. 4. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state.

To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. Go to the Deforming tab. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. 2. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. 3. 4. In the Shortening field.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. define the degree of shortening. In the Shortening field. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. For example. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. See also Combining two parts into one (p. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 2. When you select the parts you want to combine. 115) 4. enter a negative value. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 3. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 4. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. Go to the Deforming tab.

curved beams without offsets. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first.1. Select the part to attach to. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. 2. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. When you combine parts.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. 3. Select the first part. Select the part you want to attach. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. Combining parts (p. 3. You cannot split polybeams. Click Edit > Combine. You can use splitting with straight parts. 116) 4. See also Combining parts (p. 2. Select the second part. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1.

2. Pick a point for the dividing line. Select the part you want to split. Select the part you want to split. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. 4. 3. See also Click Edit > Split. check the result after splitting. and on the same side of the part. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. 2. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Click Edit > Split. 3. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. See also Splitting parts (p. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. Splitting parts (p. welds or surface treatments. If you split contour plates that have bolts.

142) 5. 119) Rotating the model (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 135) Checking the model (p. You can use a mouse. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. or a combination of both. 128) Visualizing project status (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 119) Inquiring the model (p. See also Zooming the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. you can move and rotate the model. or pull out for a wider view. and backward to zoom out. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. keyboard shortcuts. 121) Moving the model (p. 122) Flying through the model (p.

Magnifier works only in wire frame views. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. If this option is off. 2. press Page Up. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. • See also To zoom out. Create a zoom window. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Zooming the model (p. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. c Click Modify. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. select Wire frame. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. press Page Down.If you do not have a wheel mouse. For more information on each command. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. 2. Open a wire frame view of the model. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. See also Viewing the model (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. Place the mouse pointer over the model. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. b In the View type list box. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model.

119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. Click the Magnifier icon. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. 4. and then drag the pointer to size the window. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. zoom in and out in the zoom window. In wire frame views. To rotate the model. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. As you move the pointer in the general view. To change the level of magnification. menu commands. See also Zooming the model (p. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 .e 3. keyboard shortcuts.

Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 3. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Pick a position in the view. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. 3. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . For more information on each command.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. 213) Viewing the model (p. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. 2. See also Rotation settings (p. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. 2. 2. Click Modify. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. press v. and then pick a position in the view. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Define a specific rotation angle 1. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. To relocate the center of rotation. Press Ctrl + R. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands.

Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. Move the model using the Pan command 1. you can travel through a model. c Click OK.. To fly through a model: 1. > Model View. 3. press Esc.. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. • • To move up or down. Select a view. or Shift+M. scroll with the mouse wheel. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. 2. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. select Perspective. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. 2. Click View > Fly. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. b In the Projection list box. Use the up. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. To stop panning. down. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. left and right arrows on the keyboard. drag the mouse in the desired direction. 2. c Click Modify. You can also adjust the field of view setting. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. To change the camera angle. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. 5. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. To activate the middle button pan. Set view projection to Perspective. 3. 4. • To change the flying direction.

To create a clip plane: 1. To move a clip plane. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. You can use screenshots in posters. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. 4. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. view. press Esc. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. To stop flying. Viewing the model (p. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. 5. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model ..• 6. or the entire Tekla Structures window. press Esc. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. 2. Click View > Create Clip Plane. See also To delete a clip plane. brochures. To finish creating clip planes. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. 6. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. 2. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed.. Select a plane.

Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (.. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. See also Creating a screenshot (p. Creating a screenshot (p. To capture the active view without borders.bmp format. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed... 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. Select Place on clipboard. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. Click Capture. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. select Main Frame. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 6. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. select Rendered view. 3. for example. Click Options. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . Under Capture.3. 2. 4.. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. 4. 125) Screenshot settings (p. Creating a screenshot (p.. select View without Borders. 2. 5. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. To capture the active view. Click Capture. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. as a custom component thumbnail. select Dialog.. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. To print a screenshot: 1. Set the desired properties and click OK.bmp) format to use it. 7.png) files. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. click Pick view and select a view. select View.

within the model. weight. Select a part. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Inquiring object properties (p.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. 2. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. 126) Object property report templates (p. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. See also Inquiring object properties (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. By default. or a group of objects. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. For more information on how to use templates.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. See also Inquiring the model (p.. 2. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding..5. and length of the selected model object. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. Select an object. To inquire object properties: 1. See also Inquiring the model (p.. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. the tool shows the total area.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. see the Template Editor user documentation. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object.

. 2. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. The file is located in the . AVERAGE.. and /) to form equations. MAX. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder.config file in any standard text editor. • To create new calculated attributes. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.config file in the . click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. or MIN) from the list box. • To modify the calculated attributes..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. • To remove attributes from the tool window.config file: 1. • To change the order of the attributes. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. To modify the default attributes.. 2. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. • 4. For example.. • To add more attributes to the tool window. -. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. the file contains 65 attributes. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global.. Click Manage contents. Change the position number of the new attribute. edit the InquiryTool. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. click Add…. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.. click Edit. 3.. 3. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66].config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. Use the InquiryTool. By default.. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+.lst file located in the .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . *.. use the Up and Down buttons. Open the InquiryTool. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.

DISPLAY_NAME. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. Modify the NAME. DATATYPE. 132) Object representation settings (p. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 3. When you redraw a view.. 216) Representation options In rendered views.4. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. 128) Display settings (p.. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66.lst file. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. UNIT. Save the file. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. 6. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 2. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 126) 5. 132) Object groups (p. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 128) Representation options (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. Click Display. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. For example. to open the Display dialog box. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 5.

i. and their surfaces are shaded.e. component objects are displayed as Rendered. surfaces are not. i. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. underlying parts are not visible. In this example. Example In this example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . Parts are transparent.e. parts are transparent. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. component objects are displayed as Rendered.

Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. • • See also To make the parts visible again. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. The parts are shown as sticks. for example. Click View > Hide Part.. i. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1.5 and Shift+1. To completely hide the parts. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. 3. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . To hide selected parts: 1.e..Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. when viewing clash check results in a large model. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p.. Select the parts you want to hide. parts are not transparent. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. This can be useful. Other parts are almost completely transparent. Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. for example.. This option is useful.

cuts. 2. Select the assembly you want to hide. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. Showing and hiding objects (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. The unselected parts become almost transparent. Showing and hiding objects (p. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. Right-click and select Redraw View. 2. 3. bolts. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 3. 4. To clear the exact lines effect. To completely hide the unselected parts. Click View > Redraw All. and other details belonging to the assembly. click View > Redraw All.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. See also Select the part. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. Hide an assembly 1. welds. fittings. 2. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. To display a part with exact lines: 1. To make the parts visible again. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. To show the unselected parts as sticks.

135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. 128) Refreshing views (p. and Condition list boxes. to open the Object Group . Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. 4. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Click View > Redraw All. 2. type a value or select one from the model. b Select options from the Category. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. 128) Creating an object group (p. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Select the component you want to hide. Modify the object group settings. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. 133) Deleting an object group (p. 2. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. welds. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. 133) Visualizing project status (p..See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. Click Object group. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 3. and other details belonging to the component.Representation dialog box. c In the Value list box. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. d Add more rows. Right-click and select Redraw View... 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions.. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 128) Refreshing views (p. Property. a Click Add row.

132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 .5. See also Object groups (p. and they have the file name extension *. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. • To make an object group available in all models.PObjGrp. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. • To make an object group available in another model. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. Object groups (p. 6. 2. Object groups (p. Select the object group you want to copy. Click Save as to save the object group. copy the file to the system folder. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. Select where you want to copy the object group. Object groups have the file name extension *. Restart Tekla Structures. Restart Tekla Structures. 3. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. For example. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.PObjGrp. 2. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder.

Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 8. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows.. To create object representation settings: 1. Click Add row. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 2. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 4.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p.. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 3. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 9. 5. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. If an object belongs to several object groups. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 7. 6.

2. See also Creating a visualization (p. • To make the settings available in another model. or OK. and they have the file name extension *. To create project status visualizations. See also Object representation settings (p. 133) Color settings (p. • To make the settings available in all models. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. Select where you want to copy the settings. 133) 5. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. Restart Tekla Structures. 3.rep. Restart Tekla Structures. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. Object representation settings (p. Apply.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. Select the object representation settings you want to copy.rep. 2. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. copy them to the system folder. See also Object representation settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. For example. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame.

See also Visualizing project status (p. To view the visualization in the model. • To make the settings available in all models. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. select one of the predefined object representation settings. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. copy them to the system folder. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Select where you want to copy the settings. See also Visualizing project status (p. a In the Object representation list box. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 3. 2. 6. 2. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.4d. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Visualizing project status (p. 2. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . c Define the length of the time step. 4.. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. click the step buttons. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. Restart Tekla Structures. 3..4d. and they have the file name extension *. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. 5.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. Restart Tekla Structures.rep) and object group files (*.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 4. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. • To make the settings available in another model. Modify the visualization settings.

137) Example: Creating object groups (p. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. 2. b In the Property list box. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. 7.. 8.In the following example. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. To make it easier to select parts. to open the Object Group . a In the Category list box. On the Status tab. to open the Object Representation dialog box.Representation dialog box. select Object. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 6.. Click Object group. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. The Select Date dialog box appears.. To define an erection schedule: 1. To create the object group: 1. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. Finally. 3. Visualizing project status (p.. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. select INSTALL_PLAN.. After that. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. select Select date. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled.. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. 2. d In the Value list box. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. See also Visualizing project status (p. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. c In the Condition list box. 5. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p.. 3. select Earlier than or equal. e Select Review date and click OK.. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click User-defined attributes. Click View > Representation > Object representation. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. See also Click Modify. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date.

135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. b In the Object group list box. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . enter a name for the group. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. c In the Color list box. select Hidden. 3. you will create project status visualization settings. See also Object representation settings (p. enter a name for the object representation settings. select Color by class. plan_same_or_before_review_date. a Click Add row.. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. select the object group you just created. a Click Add row. 138). select the object group All. To create object representation settings: 1. d In the Transparency list box. 3. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 132) Visualizing project status (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. scheduled_erection_date. enter a name for the visualization. 7. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. For example. In the box next to the Save as button... 137). select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. To create visualization settings: 1. select Visible. b In the Object group list box. 4. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 4. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. 5. select Color by class. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 2. Click Save as. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. See also Object groups (p. In the Object representation list box. Define the length of the time step.4.. In the box next to the Save as button. 2. For example. d In the Transparency list box. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 133) Visualizing project status (p. In the box next to the Save as button. 6. 5. 5. c In the Color list box. Click Save as.

2. Click Load. In the list box next to the Load button.. 138). Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. To view the visualization in the model. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . 4.. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. 3.See also Visualizing project status (p. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. click the step buttons.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Measuring objects (p.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 135) 5. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. it is useful to check the model for errors. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete.

Measuring objects (p. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. the distance between two points and between bolts.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. Measuring objects (p. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 2. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. Pick the center point. Pick the starting point. Select a part. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Select a bolt group. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. 143) Measuring angles (p. 4. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 3. 3. All measurements are temporary. 2. Pick the end point. For more information on each command. Pick the end point. 4. See also Measuring distances (p. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 5. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. Pick the starting point. 2.

143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . or reference model objects that collide.See also Measuring objects (p. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. bolts.

you can choose whether to continue checking. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. You can continue working during the clash check. or stop checking. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. 3. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. select a row in the clash check log. 2. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. If colliding objects are found.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. Click Tools > Clash Check. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. Select the objects you want to check. To locate the colliding objects. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model.

When the clash check is complete. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. 5. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. If the object has been modified (for example. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. 2. or missing. 1. Only certain object properties affect this flag. When you re-run clash check. 4. To see which properties have an effect. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. 2.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. The clash is not new. Click to check the objects. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. modified. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. You can continue working during the clash check. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. In the model. select a row in the list of clashes. See also To highlight a clash in the model. resolved. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . double-click a row. 3. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. A check mark it is visible. if the profile has changed). new clashes are appended to the end of the list. Clash Check Manager (p. right-click one of the column headings.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . In the Open dialog box. 2. select a session. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. 2. 3. See also Clash Check Manager (p. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. 2. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. In Clash Check Manager. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. 3. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. . 3. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. select the clashes whose status you want to change. Click . In Clash Check Manager. Click OK.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash.

3. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. Save as..To Save the active session Do this Click . Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1.00. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. 5. icon. 3. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . enter a new name. Modify the bolt clearance values. Click Apply or OK. In the Options dialog box. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.. Click In the Save As dialog box. 4. the clearance will be zero. 2. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. See also Clash Check Manager (p. If you clear the check boxes.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. Click Tools > Options > Options. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. 2. 5. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .. In the File name box. If the fields are empty. go to the Clash check page. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. By default. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. Click Save.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). Planning your numbering series (p. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. P1003. . 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. If you do this.. Example For example. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. To save time. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. 154) Family numbers (p. P1002. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. For example. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. When you run numbering.. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. such as plates. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1.

If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. 4. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Defining numbering series (p. define a part prefix and a start number. Under Compare. b Select a numbering series from the list. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. they get unique qualifier numbers. 3. Go to the Family numbering tab. 2.. go to the Cast unit tab. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list.. Under Numbering series. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Defining numbering series (p. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. When you use family numbering. This can be used. 3. and then click Add. However. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately.1. 2. for example. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. 4. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . Click Modify. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. 153) Assigning family numbers (p.

161) 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. See also Family numbers (p. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. See also Defining numbering series (p. If you select all the check boxes. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. 4. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. 2. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. 5. b Modify the settings. 3. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. Family numbers (p.Select at least one check box. but not all of them. 6. If a series overlaps another. see the corresponding menu tooltip. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1.. If you do not select any check boxes...db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. 7. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. only one family number per series is assigned.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. 155) Clearing numbers (p. clear the existing numbers. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. Click Apply. For more information on each command.. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. c Click Apply or OK. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. Update numbering in the model. Click Assign.

Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. In this case you should renumber the parts. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. However. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. the x coordinate. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. for example. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Numbering objects (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. If you add new parts. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. The default start number is 1. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. 158) Control numbers (p. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. However. 159) Clearing numbers (p.See also Numbering settings (p. 158) Changing numbers (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. 156) Assembly position numbers (p.

Second direction is Y. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. if First direction is -X. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. their y coordinates are also compared. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. their z coordinates are also compared. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. Numbering objects (p. 2. Example In the following example. With negative directions (such as -X). you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. When you assign control numbers. and Third direction is Z. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. the sort order is X Y Z. For example. See also Select the parts. See also Numbering objects (p. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts.

In the Numbering list box. or family numbers after you run numbering. Click Apply. 5. define the interval. etc. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. 158) Control number settings (p. select the parts. See also Control numbers (p. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. 6. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. This command does not change the numbering series.. b In the Step value field. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. To only consider specific parts.. or specific parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. Click Apply. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. Indicate which parts to consider. specify which parts get control numbers. 4.. See also Control numbers (p. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields.See also Numbering objects (p. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 7. 8. 2. In the Renumber list box. type the first control number to be used. and then click Create. multi-position. 2. number the model. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. • 3. select the parts in the model. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. • To consider all parts in the model. do not select any parts in the model. assembly. 3. For example. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. do not select any parts. 11. In the Status list box. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. 5. 8. 4. and then click Create. Define the control numbers to be used. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. a In the Start number of control numbers field. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . to assign the control numbers 2.

Select an object. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command. 2. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects.1. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. see the corresponding menu tooltip. To clear the position numbers: 1. Set the desired properties. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. This functionality only applies to steel parts. Next time you run numbering.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. For more information on each command. See also Numbering objects (p. Click Assign. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. 3. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . To create a standard-part model: 1. 2. 4. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. See also Numbering objects (p. If the number you specified is already in use. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. This is for information only and the number is still changed. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . Save the standard-part model.. 3. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. especially before producing drawings or reports. see Numbering history log.. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. 12.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. StandardParts. 10. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. 4. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. and so on). Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. See also Numbering objects (p. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. 5. 8.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 7. If you have selected the Part name check box. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. STD1. STD2.. 9.. 13. See also Numbering objects (p.For example. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. > Numbering. For information on how to interpret the log file. Explode all components. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Open another model. Number the model. 2. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes.. 156) 6.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. 156) 6. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6... 11.. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. Delete all unnecessary items.

164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 4. 4. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Unless you want to repair the entire model. Number the model. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number.2. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. See also Numbering objects (p. 5. 159) 6. Number the model. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. Number the model.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 2. 3. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. All the beams have the part position number P1. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 5. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 6. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 156) Changing numbers (p. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Modify one of the beams. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. To number identical beams: 1. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command.

All beams have the same profile. but the holes are different. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. and each pair has the same length. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. The parts have the same main profile. but each pair has a different length. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p.

10. 7. Select the Column orientation check box. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. 3.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. divide the model into phases. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. and then click Apply. 6. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Create steel columns. and another one for steel columns.. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. 8. Select one of the steel columns in the model. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. 5. 2. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. and then click Apply. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. To number parts in selected phases: 1.. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. Before you start. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 9. 4.

5. 3. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. 7. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. 4. Select the parts you want to number. Select one of the parts you want to number. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered.. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. and then click Apply. 6. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2.. Modify the numbering settings. For example.

If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. 164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 .7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. for example. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. and categorize object types. 171) Sequences (p. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. 174) Parametric modeling (p. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. You can classify information according to your needs. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. based on purchasing contracts. lots. and erection sequences. 181) 7. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. 167) Phases (p. 172) Lotting (p.

168) Creating object type categories (p. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. See also Creating logical areas (p.

In the model. 2. b Click New Building. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts.. In Model Organizer. a Right-click Object Types. In large projects. d Click New Story. Click Tools > Model Organizer.. In the model. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. 3. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. b Click New Object Type. a Right-click Logical Areas. Create a path structure. 5. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. You can also create subtypes for object types. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. right-click the selected section or story. To make it easier to view and select parts. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 3.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. 4. 2.. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. See also Organizing the model (p. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . Organizing the model (p. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). See also In Model Organizer. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s).. and select Add Selected to Category. 4.. Create object type categories. c Click New Section.. select the area for the section or the story.

Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. 2. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . 1. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. To show all objects again. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. See also Organizing the model (p. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. See also Organizing the model (p. 1. Drag the objects to another category. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. To show all objects again. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. 3. 2. 2. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. 1. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Select the object type category in Model Organizer.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Drag the category to another location. 2. Select the new area in the model. 3. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 1. Select the objects in the model.

you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. 4. select a phase from the list. Click Tools > Phase Manager. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. c Phases (p. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. Divide the model into phases. 3.. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. 3. From now on. select the objects.. hide objects.. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. 2. etc. and copy objects from other models. For example. 5. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. You then copy this basic model to all users. 167) 7. This is phase 1. Click OK to confirm. Click OK to save your changes. First create a basic model that includes. You can create reports and views. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. 2. See also Dividing the model into phases (p.. select an object and click Phases by objects. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. a To identify the phase of an object. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. See also To change the phase of one or more objects.. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. 3. 171) Custom phase properties (p. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. Click Add to create new phases.. the columns. When a part of the model is completed. Right-click and select Delete.).Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . and then click Modify phase. according to their phase number. 4. Organizing the model (p. for example.

Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. MY_INFO_1. the second part number 2. 5. "0. The value_type must be integer. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". a Open the objects.inp file. For example. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. To use phase properties in reports and templates.0") 2. none. You can define several sequences for different purposes. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers.0". use the syntax PHASE. If you click Yes.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. 173) Deleting a sequence (p.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. To create a new sequence: 1.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards.inp file in any standard text editor. b In the Part attributes section. 6. d Restart Tekla Structures. Click Apply.inp file. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. "%d". Creating a sequence (p. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part.inp file. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. c Save the file. integer. "0. add a new user-defined attribute. To finish adding parts to the sequence. See also Phases (p. 4. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. 3. The first part gets the sequence number 1. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. "My Info 1". and the field_format must be %d. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 171) 7. Type a name for the sequence. and so on. For example. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. no.

To check the sequence of a part: 1. Click User-defined attributes. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. 2. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. you must redefine the whole sequence. 3. 2.. If the sequence changes... 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. Select a part. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 4. For example: See also Sequences (p. 3. Modify the sequence number. 2. Select a sequence name from the list.. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. See also Sequences (p. Click Modify. For example. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . You cannot add new parts to a sequence. To finish adding parts to the sequence. 5. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. Click OK or Apply. MY_INFO_1.. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. 4. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. Click Tools > Sequencer. See also Sequences (p.See also Sequences (p. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence.

because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. 5. With this information.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. See also Lotting (p. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. the weight is based on the size. 175) Sequences (p. For example. 3... Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .. However. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. 2. Sequences (p. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). 4. 172) 7. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. To view the properties of a part. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. if you are using cast-in-place concrete.. 3. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. For example. 6. When you define lots. For most model parts. See also Select a sequence name from the list. Click Add. In that case. Click Properties. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. Type a lot number in the Number field. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. 175) Deleting a lot (p. See also Creating a lot (p. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. length.2. and material of the part. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. Click Delete and then click Yes.

174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . 2.. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. To add parts to a lot: 1. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. When you hold down Shift. Select an existing lot from the list. 4. 2. Lotting (p.. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. Click OK to close the dialog box. 3. 4. Select an existing lot from the list. See also Lotting (p. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 3. 5. When you re-open the dialog box. Select an existing lot from the list. If you simply select parts. 4. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Click Properties. 5. 3. Click Delete. Lotting (p. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. Click Apply selected. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. 2. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Apply selected. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot.

you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. For example. between model objects. or relationships. including its geometry. Create dependencies. location and relationship to other parts. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . such as a beam or column. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. They can also include formulas.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object.7. the column follows. so that when you move the wall. Variables can define fixed properties. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. such as the name of a column.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model.. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p.. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. the Sketch Browser. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. and the Variables dialog box.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 53) 7. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. 2. and how to use them in a model.See also Parametric modeling (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 176) Parametric profiles (p. Open a Tekla Structures model.

dimensions. 182) Variables (p.See also Sketch Browser (p. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. tree-like structure. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. constraints. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. and vice versa. circles. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. arcs.

Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. or they can include formulas. Variables can define fixed properties. Lines. 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . 1=Line .. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. arcs. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. or 2) and thickness of the sketch.. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p.

2. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. and circles. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. Pick points to create each line segment. 184) Sketching an arc (p. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. such as a cold rolled section. To sketch a polyline: 1. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 185) Sketching a circle (p. Ensure that you create a closed shape. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. See also Sketching a polyline (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. 4. arcs.

184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). Pick three points to define the arc. Open the cross section sketch editor. 4. To sketch an arc: 1. To sketch a circle: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . Click the Sketch circle icon: 3.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Open the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). 2. 2.

and add chamfers in corners. close the shape. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. Before you start. 3. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Although the shape is locked. create 90 degree angles. you can straighten lines. To add a parallel constraint: 1. Select a line in the sketch (1). use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. you can still rotate the profile in the model. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. To straighten the entire profile. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. force lines to meet. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. Select another line in the sketch (2). For example.

if they are within a certain distance of each other. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. Select another line in the sketch (2). Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. The lines do not have to intersect. Before you start. Before you start. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. Select a line in the sketch (1). To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. The lines do not have to intersect.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. by extending or shortening one or both lines.

Pick the end of the second line. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. 2. Pick the end of the first line (1). 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Select a line in the sketch. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active.1. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. To add a fixed constraint: 1. 4. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. 2). Before you start. Before you start. 3. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal.

186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Select the constraint you want to delete. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2). Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. To add a vertical constraint: 1. Before you start. 4. Click Refresh.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 2.

191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. if you create the dimension marked in red. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. In the following example. To add a radial dimension: 1. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Select the arc or circle. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p.

Select the first line (1). To add an angle dimension: 1. Before you start. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . between two points you pick.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the second line (2). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. 3.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

194

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

196

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

3. Click Modify. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2. 2. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. 4. Select the part positioning planes. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Change the Value field. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . Click to show the part positioning planes. To revert to the default positioning planes.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 3. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 4. Click to show the connection positioning planes. Select the connection positioning planes. 3. 2. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.

for example. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Type a name in the Prefix field. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. and then click OK.bin file. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click Save sketch . do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. 2. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.db1 file. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. You cannot include numbers. or blank spaces in the cross section name. and then click OK. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. 2. To save a sketched cross section. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Click Save sketch as . by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Click Save sketch . 2. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. special characters. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. Type a new name in the Prefix field. Update an existing cross section 1. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. 5.4.

such as a cold rolled section. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Modify the object properties.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. 2. See also next to their name. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric.. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 2. 5. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. 7. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. you can create rounded cross section corners. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. 5. Click Modify. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. Double-click an object to modify its properties. 6. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Click OK to close the dialog box. 4. Close the object properties dialog box. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. 4.. For example. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. 3. To modify a chamfer: 1.

right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. When you change the thickness. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. or symmetrically in both directions. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. P1). sketch an open polyline. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. outwards. 2. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. In the Formula column. b Type the extrusion type number (0. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. the profile grows inwards. depending on the extrusion type. 4. 1. P1) after =. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. In the cross section sketch editor. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 198) Cross section extrusion types (p.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. or 2) after =. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. Type the value of the thickness after =. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. In the Sketch Browser. define the default value for the parameter variable. 3. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded.

Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. 2. See also For concrete parts. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. button next to the Profile field. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. • 3. 4. 6. 5. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box.. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. Pick points to place the part in the model. 7. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. • For steel parts. If you have applied constraints correctly. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . click the Select. you are ready to use it in the model. Click OK to apply the changes. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline.. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. Open the Select Profile dialog box. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. click the button next to the Shape field. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1.

Open the cross section sketch editor. 4. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder.. 3. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. for example.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 2.. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1.uel). Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. Save the image in bmp format in the . 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. mysketch. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Use the cross section name as the filename. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example.bmp. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. 5. for example Microsoft Paint.

5. Click OK. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. In the Export Components dialog box. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. 4. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file.. 7. 2. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. select Sketched profiles from the list box. Select the file to import. Click OK. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. from the pop-up menu. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. 6. browse for the folder. To automatically import all *.. Select Sketched profiles from the list. In the component list. 6. In the Import Components dialog box.. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. 8.uel). 2.. To export several cross sections.bin file. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. Right-click and select Export. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. By default. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. 7. from the pop-up menu. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. you need to import both the cross section and profile. 4. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . 3. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. 3. To import sketched cross sections: 1. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. To use profiles from a model. Select the cross sections you want to export. or copy the profdb. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 5. right-click and select Import.

206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. 2. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. After that. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. When you use the profile in the model. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. Finally. you will use the cross section in a model. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. Open the cross section sketch editor.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. At this stage. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p.

4. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2.3. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p.

See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. h1. 198) Variables (p. and h2. Save the cross section.2. h2. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. command to create the distances h1. In the Variables dialog box. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. and 3. 5. enter the following values for the distances: 4.

do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. d In the Label in dialog box box. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. do the following: . In the Variables dialog box. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1.00. enter 10. In the Sketch Browser. enter 20. See also Save the cross section. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Variables (p. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. a Right-click Thickness. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. c In the Visiblity box. 2. 3. In the Variables dialog box. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. c In the Visiblity box. enter Chamfer. select Show. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . select Show. b In the Formula box. b Right-click ExtrusionType. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. 2. d In the Label in dialog box box. b In the Formula box. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. and then enter =P1. 3. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. select Add equation from the pop-up menu.1. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p.00. enter Thickness.

For concrete parts. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. Click OK to apply the changes. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. • 3. b Right-click Chamfer X. click the button next to the Shape field. 4. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Pick points to place the part in the model. and select the CSHAPE profile. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. See also Save the cross section.4. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. • For steel parts. 5. 2. In the Sketch Browser. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .. button next to the Profile field. 6. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1.. click the Select. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. 199) Variables (p. and then enter =P2. 183) Sketch Browser (p. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. 5.

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

212) Rotation settings (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 233) 8. 211) View settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 213) Color settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 212) Point properties (p. See also Grid properties (p. 217) Detail properties (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 215) Part properties (p. 227) Numbering settings (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties.

Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. y. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.. See also X . The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. Select to bind objects to the grid line. and z directions (x and y are relative.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. Grid lines (p. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above.. and z directions.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y .. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Grids (p. z is absolute). 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid.. Select to bind objects to grid lines. Option Phase The phase number. y. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes.

y. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. All parts are colored according to their Class property. Indicates the correct location of the point. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. See also Object representation settings (p. which is used in log files. and z coordinates of a point. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. Defines the number of copies created.Rotate and Move . The local (work plane) and global x. Option As is The current color is used. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy .Option Id The ID number. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. The rotation angle between the original and new position. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Coordinates See also Points (p. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors.

You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. Object representation settings (p. Object is transparent in rendered views.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. The height of the screenshot. The Options. Saves the screenshot to a file. the settings will be read from that object group. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box.. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Object is not shown in the views. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Sets the line width.. Option As is The current visibility. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. There are limitations to pixel density. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot.

Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). the zoom remains on part surfaces. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how.. The appearance of the model in the view. You can zoom. Rotation is view-specific.. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. The projection type of rendered views. Visible object group Object group... Opens the Object Group . Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model.. 215) Grid view properties (p. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane.. When you zoom. Which object group is displayed in the view.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. text and point size remains the same. as do text and points. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view.See also Creating a screenshot (p. 215) Display settings (p. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. or fly through it. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . 124) 8.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. In addition. Display. See also Views (p. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). rotate the model. See also View properties (p. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. The thickness of the displayed slice of model.

g. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. None does not create any views. This option increases display speed significantly. e.. Some of these settings may affect system performance. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Exact shows bolts. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. Exact displays the cuts. The Show. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. Reference line shows parts as sticks. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. or large parts of it. but skips cuts. and nuts as solids. when viewing the entire model. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. This name overrides the name in the view properties. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. washers.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view.. Each view plane has its own view properties. button displays the current view properties. See also Creating grid views (p. no prefix is used. PLAN +3000. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head.

This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. See also Steel column properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). When using this option. 223) Concrete column properties (p. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 221) Pad footing properties (p. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . Exact shows holes as solids. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. In view does not increase the point size. 218) Steel beam properties (p. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. 220) Twin profile properties (p. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. This option is only available in wire frame views. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. 222) Strip footing properties (p. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 128) 8. Point size Defines the size of points in views.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 218) Contour plate properties (p. 224) Concrete beam properties (p.

The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The analysis properties of the column. The user-definable name of the column. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Finish is user-definable.clm. The position of the column. hot galvanized. e. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Warping. Creating a steel column (p. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. The horizontal position of the column. The assembly mark series of the column. cambering. How the column is rotated around its axis. The support conditions of the column ends. steel polybeam. and to identify parts of the same type. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The material of the column.g. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. The type of finish. relative to its reference point. with anti-corrosive paint. and shortening of the column.prt. relative to its reference point. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The design information of the column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. fire retardant coating. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. or curved beam. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Class Used to group columns.

Class Used to group beams.g. e. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The user-definable name of a beam. hot galvanized. with anti-corrosive paint. The assembly mark series of the beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The position of a beam. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. For example. The material of a beam. and shortening of the beam. etc. The support conditions of the beam ends. and to identify parts of the same type. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The finish type. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. The loading properties of the beam. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane.cpl. The design information of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. fire retardant coating. cambering. Finish is user-definable. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. The analysis properties of the beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The position of a beam on the work plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . Warping. Creating a steel beam (p.

The finish type. Creating a contour plate (p. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. in terms of depth. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . e. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate.crs. The material of the beam. The assembly mark series of the beam. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable. perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the contour plate. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and to identify parts of the same type. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The spanning properties of the plate. Profile Material The profile of the beam. Profile The profile of the contour plate.g. etc. The loading properties of the plate. The design information of the contour plate. The material of the contour plate. for example PL20. fire retardant coating. The format is PL+ thickness. The analysis properties of the contour plate. hot galvanized.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate.

Creating an orthogonal beam (p. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The support conditions of the beam ends. e. relative to its reference point. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. and to identify parts of the same type. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.g.dia. hot galvanized. fire retardant coating. hot galvanized. e. For example.g. relative to its reference point.Option Finish The finish type. with anti-corrosive paint. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. Class Used to group beams. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The material of the beams. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The analysis properties of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The type of finish. The position of the beam. etc. fire retardant coating. Finish is user-definable. The horizontal position of the beam. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. etc. Finish is user-definable. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. The user-definable name of the twin profile. The design information of the beam.

The beam position. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. Creating a twin profile (p. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. Class Used to group pad footings. and to identify parts of the same type. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. relative to the beam’s reference line. The vertical clearance between the profiles. relative to its reference point. For example. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. The design information of the twin profile. Defines how the profiles are combined. etc. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The type of finish.g. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of the pad footing. perpendicular to the work plane. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. The offsets of the ends of the beam. Finish is user-definable. The vertical position of the pad footing. e. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing.cpf. For example. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . in terms of depth. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. fire retardant coating.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. The analysis properties of the twin profile.

Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . Creating a pad footing (p. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing.csf. Class Used to group strip footings.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. hot galvanized. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. relative to its reference point.g. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The type of finish. The analysis properties of the strip footing. with anti-corrosive paint. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Finish is user-definable. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. fire retardant coating. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. e. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. The material of the strip footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. It describes how the part surface has been treated.

It describes how the part surface has been treated. How much the column is rotated around its axis. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. The design information of the footing.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. e. Option Name The user-definable name of the column.ccl. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Creating a concrete column (p. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. The design information of the column. For example. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. The support conditions of the column ends. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. The analysis properties of the column. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. cambering and shortening of the column. The type of finish. Finish is user-definable. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the column. Define the cast unit series of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. fire retardant coating. etc. Class Used to group columns. hot galvanized. and to identify parts of the same type. Warping. Creating a strip footing (p. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column.g. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column.

The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. Creating a concrete beam (p. hot galvanized. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. The type of finish. The analysis properties of the beam. Class Used to group beams. Finish is user-definable. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends. with anti-corrosive paint. Define the cast unit series of the beam. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *.csl. For example. The loading properties of the beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The offsets of the ends of the beam. e.cbm. The design information of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . relative to its reference line. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam.g. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The material of the beam. cambering and shortening of the beam. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. fire retardant coating.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. Warping. etc. The beam position on the work plane.

User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. Define the cast unit series of the slab. hot galvanized. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and to identify parts of the same type. with anti-corrosive paint. The type of finish. Class Used to group slabs. Finish is user-definable. The position of the slab.g. etc. perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc. e. in terms of depth. For example. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. fire retardant coating. The analysis properties of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The spanning properties of the slab. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. The material of the slab. fire retardant coating. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). e. Class Used to group panels. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Finish is user-definable. with anti-corrosive paint.cpn.g. The loading properties of the slab. hot galvanized. Creating a concrete slab (p. The design information of the slab. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. The type of finish. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of the panel.

in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. The analysis properties of the panel. The design information of the panel. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. 229) Weld types (p. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. Creating a concrete panel (p. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. 81) 8. The loading properties of the panel. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. See also Bolt properties (p. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. The spanning properties of the panel. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. The position of the panel.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . Bolt assembly standard/grade. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The offsets of the ends of the panel. 227) Weld properties (p. relative to its reference line. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. Define the cast unit series of the panel.

depending on the bolt group shape. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. or coordinate. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. If the bolt connects several parts. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. For example. depending on the bolt group shape. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. y allowance of a slotted hole. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. -150). enter a negative value for cut length (e. number.g. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. In the illustration below. in both directions from the bolt group plane. Zero for a round hole. Extra length Additional bolt length. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. Bolt spacing. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . or co-ordinate. Bolt spacing. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. Tolerance = Hole diameter . x allowance of a slotted hole. group diameter. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B.e.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. Zero for a round hole. If there are large gaps between the connected parts.

Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Tekla Structures creates the weld. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. Type Angle See Weld types (p. bevels. relative to the current work plane. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . At depth Dx. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. The angle of weld preparation. 93). Bolts (p. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. not in drawings. Dy. 231). 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. For example. or groove. but does not display it drawings. The size of the weld.

Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. To create a non-continuous weld. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. information about the weld specification or process. 92). defining the start and end points of the weld. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. The space between the welded parts. for example 50–100. for example. See Weld position (p. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . for example. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. 72). Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. For example. To change the separator to @. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld.

The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Welds (p. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Defines the electrode strength. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Defines the process type.

105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. to give plates varying thicknesses.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. See also Chamfering part corners (p. The dimensions of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Use these fields. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. for example. The name of the chamfer.

Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. All information on previous numbers is lost.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. 107) 8. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. The shape and position of the first end point. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. and the shape is straight. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 234) Control number settings (p. and the shape is angled. See also Chamfering part edges (p. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). The shape and position of the second end point. and the shape is straight. See also General numbering settings (p.

234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. The orientation of columns affects numbering. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. size. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. numbering. and number of holes affects numbering. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. and save sequence. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. Numbering objects (p. The part name affects numbering. The orientation of beams affects numbering.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. 157). See Assembly position numbers (p. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model.

Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Needed only with the By numbering series option. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Control numbers (p. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. See also Numbering objects (p. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Defines the interval between two control numbers. No keeps the existing control numbers. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . If some welds have been removed.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 241) 9. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 238) Modeling identical areas (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling.

7. Click Load to load the properties. then copying it to several levels. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. enter BEAM. 6. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . b Select an object. This can useful when creating view filters. For example. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. Click Save as to save the set of properties. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. For example. Start the Move or Copy command. In the box next to the Save as button. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. Save time by modeling these areas once.3. and object groups. 3. for example. when creating grids and levels in a new model. create an empty view or selection filter. For a project that has several identical floors. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. To stop copying or moving objects. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. 5. To use a default set of part properties. then copying them throughout the model. c Enter the values you want to use. selection filters. from simple frames to entire floors. The dialog box remains open on the screen. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. Depending on the project. try modeling an entire floor. 4. 2. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. Before you start. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. enter a name for the set of properties. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. or an object group.

To select a date. You can either select a date from the calendar. to open the Select date dialog box. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. Download and install the application. 2. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. select one of the options. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. To activate a view. Open the Background color in model editor document. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. 4. a b To select an object property. 132) Creating a visualization (p..To select values from the model: 1. or define the number of days before or after the review date. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. In the Value list box. select the review date. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view.. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. and then select one of the options. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. • See also Use the Page Up. Views (p. 3. index finger. When you hold the thumb. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. click Select from model. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. 2. and the middle finger the z axis. 2. click Select date. Page Down and arrow keys. the index finger the y axis. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. Click Add row. With Xmouse active.. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. you can use the Xmouse option. 3.. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. and then select an object.

especially in components. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. See also Cuts (p. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. Try to position the cut at least 0. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. To locate the failure in the model. use polygon cuts. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. 2. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. the cut is more likely to succeed. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. Clear the Cuts check box. For example. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. 4.. Cuts (p.3 mm outside of the part planes. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings.. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines.3 mm). to open the Display dialog box. If the component fails. Click Display. Click Modify. Note that after creating the polygon. 3. • • • • If a cut fails. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.

Hold down Z. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. move the part handles. See also Modifying part length (p. Click a row that contains an ID number. or use the Fit Part End command. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. move the part handles. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. This can cause shop errors. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. 2.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 2.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. Hold down F. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. To lengthen a part. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. It can cause problems with connections and details. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . Click a row that contains an ID number.

you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. For example. always pick points in the same direction. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. pick positions from left to right. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. lines and circles. Use construction planes. y directions). such as beams. Create points. 40) Points (p. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings.See also Part position (p. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. Creating a single grid line (p. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. 57) Fittings (p. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. and from bottom to top (in positive x. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box.

..................................................................68 orthogonal beams.........................................................115 concrete beams............................... 85............... 75 lotting.................88 bolt spacing ...................................................... 88 modifying .............................................148 creating.................. 71 using welds to create assemblies .....115 cast in place.........................................107 in sketches .........67 warping...113 bending.............. 30 angle dimensions .. 23 examples................................................................................................................. 157 removing objects ....... 72 attaching parts. 174 nested assemblies ......................... 39 4D tool.......................143 bolting sub-assemblies................................................... 76 exploding...................................................................88 a absolute coordinates .................................................................................................................................................................................. 225 concrete polybeams ..... 218 steel polybeams ......82 adding objects ........................................................................... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .......................................... 70 adding objects .. 135 beams cambering..........................................82 creating...................................................................83 top-in-form face ............................................................................... 74 numbering ...................................................................................Index # 3D models............. 15 views ................................................................................................................174 numbering ...................157 removing objects ............................................................................ 75 joining........84 changing the main part................................................................................................................................................83 highlighting ........................................................................ 74 changing the main assembly............................83 cast units ............................. 75 comparing ....................................................................................................69 steel beams ... 185 assemblies .................................................................................. 75 showing and hiding ............... 79.105 corner chamfers ...........................................83 lotting.................................... 71 examples................................. 67.............................83 casting direction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................73...........................86 bolt offsets ................................................................................................................................................. 149 creating .............................................. 227 bolt group position ...................................... see visualizing project status .............................82 cast unit type ...............65 bolts .....................................................105 corner chamfer types..........73....................................................................................................................................................................................... 143 arcs..........................................199 b background color changing............................................................................................ 71 using bolts to create assemblies ..... 131 sub-assemblies .............................................................................................................84 chamfering......................................................................81 adding non-concrete objects ............. 191 angles....................................... 86..104 corner chamfer dimensions ..79 curved beams........................ 117 c cambering parts.72 clash checking......................... 76 highlighting .... 71................................... 75 changing the main part...........................................................................................................................................................................82 exploding ...............................................................................................................................87 bolt group shape.....................105 edge chamfers.............

....... 222 panels ....... 158.........197 checking the model............................................................................... 226 polybeams ....133 object representation settings.............................104....................................................77 beams ............................. 146 clash checking ...........186 coincident............... 78.......................................................................213 finding RGB values..................... 66............................................... 116...........146 sessions................................................. 78...........................................144 colors ...................................................................................81 casting direction........................................................................................................................235 coordinates coordinate system..................142 circles........................... 232 types and dimensions ..........................................148 changing priority ............188 parallel ..............................135 project status visualizations ........ 223 warping ............................................185 Clash Check Manager ............. 78..........239 grid color.......................................189 fixed ..............................................................23 background color examples..............23 color settings ...................................... 224 steel columns................147 symbols ...........................................................................................................................................187 deleting ......................................................187 colliding objects .......................................... 55 classifying information .............................................................................. 225 cast units............................................................................................. 80.............................................................................189 construction objects ...40 construction circles ................84 columns .........................................................................147 changing status ................. 69...............105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................... 81........28 copying hints and tips.............................187 vertical ........................ 31 columns concrete columns ...............146 managing results ...................... 159 settings .............132 concrete parts .............................................................................................. 144........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................147 list of clashes ....................................................................................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies............55 background color ............................................................................................... 145.....167 clip planes..........124 coincident contraints ......................................................checking sketched cross sections ......... 145..............68.................... 28.............................................113 constraints...............................................................................................41 construction lines .............................149 components showing and hiding.................. 224 pad footings ............................................146 class............................... 105................................................ 218 combining parts .................. 219 control numbers .................................40 contour plates ......................................... 79................................................................................................79 slabs .............. 146...................188 horizontal ......................................238 object groups .......................186 perpendicular ............................................... 78...............................41 construction planes............. 225 strip footings . 51............................................ 149 bolts ..............................................136 corner chamfers .........................................................................

............................................................................................................................... 108 grid lines................................ 172 single bolts ..............89................................................... 134 object type categories .. 16 nested assemblies ...127 cuts ............ 136 screenshots..............................................171 e edge chamfers.....................162............................................................. 168 sequences........................................................................................................................................................................................... 79 concrete columns ............. 107......................................................................... 232 end offsets ........................................................................................................127 modifying contents ...................139 visualizing project status ....... 104...............................171 detail properties ........................................... 79 concrete slabs ..... 71 tile patterns..........................................................190 vertical .................... 32 grid views ...................171 object types ............................................................................................................................................................ 137...................................70........... 30 holes.......................................................................................... 35 welds ..................137 creating object representation settings............................................................................. 164.... 38 grids ....................... 81 concrete polybeams .......................................... 100 twin profiles ............................................................. 181 sketching cross sections ...............................................................................................68.............................................................................240 line cuts ..................................... 112 polygon cuts .................................. 111 part cuts........... 41 construction planes ............................................................................171 exact lines.................... 78 project status visualizations ...................................................... 109....................................................................143 dividing models........................................................................................................................................................................................... 109... 40 contour plates........... 69 pad footings.......................192 display settings ..... 110................................ 82 clip planes .......................................................................193 horizontal...136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 .................................... 91.............................................................................................................. 174 models... 184 slabs........... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.............. 168 lots...............................................................................204 defining erection schedules........................................................ 66 steel polybeams ................................................................................................................. 70 views ................................................................................. 181 curved parts.... 124 sections ... 165 tile pattern definition .....................................................................................................................191 between two points....................................................................101 visualizing erection schedules................ 67 steel columns ........... 90 logical areas ........................... 169 orthogonal beams ...................................63 erection schedules.......................................... 163....227 DGN supported objects .................. 111 d deleting logical areas ....... 124 concrete beams.............................138 creating project status visualization settings ................... 71 bolts.......................137 numbering ............................................................................................................................216 distances measuring........................................................................................................... 68 Custom Inquiry ........... 132 object representation settings ....................... 41 construction lines ..................192 in sketching .....................................................76 background colors ............................ 86 cast units ............................................................................................................191 deleting from a sketch ..........................................................................................................................119 examples assemblies .......................... 160 steel beams.................... 93.............................creating assemblies .. 80 standard-part models ........................................................................... 78 sub-assemblies ............ 74 object groups................................................................ 69 curved beams............................. 78 concrete panels..48 dimensions angle........................................................... 88 sketched cross sections ....................................... 139 erection sequences .... 80 construction circles......................................................65........................................................................ 68 fittings.138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section.......190 radial........126 adding attributes...............................109 hints and tips ...................................................131 examining the model ............. 168 strip footings............................................23 creating object groups ........................................................................................................................................................ 67 storys.......................................................

..................................................................................76 cast units ...163 modifying .....192 horizontal position ...................................75 l lengthening parts .....................75 cast units.................................................................................126 object properties ...................................................................................57 moving ......................................31 origin................188 flying through model ........exploding assemblies..31 grid color.....145 finding distant objects ..................................156 finding clashes .........................................131 components ...........................................116 levels..........................................................................................188 horizontal dimensions ................................32 deleting .................................................................................................32 creating................................................................................................................................ 90 horizontal constraints . 223 g global coordinate system .......................... 89.............................................................................................................237 holes .......33 modifying .....................................................203 inquiring models ..........................................................................................123 footings ......................................................................................................................................................................108 fixed constraints...................................................45 hints and tips.....126 j joining assemblies............ see tips .....................28 h handles ............ 31 line extensions.............................................131 local coordinate system .......................................................................78...........................................83 exporting sketched cross sections .................................203 extrusion types...........200 f family numbers ...............195 reference lines .................................................................................................152 reinforcements ................45 selected parts .............................................................. 28......................57 of positioning planes.............................................................................155 example ................................... 29.......................................................................38 properties...............................................30 deleting ....................................................64 line cuts........................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................................56 positioning planes ...................................................................................................................................................132 cut lines.............................................................29 properties..............................................240 grid labels .........26 highlighting assemblies.....58 reference models ..............................29 modifying .....................................................................................................................................................................28 grid lines ............................................ 31 labels .................................................................................................................................................149 fittings .....................238 parts...................................................................................................131 work area .................................33 properties...................................................................................................... 109..................................................................................................................................................27 hiding assemblies..31 part labels .......................211 work plane grid ...................42 sketched cross sections.................................................................................................................................................................130 top-in-form face.............. 222.....................................................84 unselected parts ...........................215 grids coordinates .................................................................................................................................................83 reference models ............................................................. 111 lines exact ......................................153 importing points ......................................30 creating.............................................................................62 i identical areas.......................212 grid views creating...........................................................

..133 creating........................................ 74 numbering.......... 156............... 167 modeling hints and tips ...........................................................................157 cast units ..................153 what affects ..................................................................................................................... 156 about numbering ..133 copying ..................................................................... 58 Model Editor screen layout....................... 165 family numbers ......................... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ........... 114 models about 3D models ......... 73.. 234.......172 series.........................................................151 assemblies ............................................................................................ 169 o object groups ........ 119 zooming........... 176 rendered or plan view?...................... 16 dividing into phases.....................................160 control numbers....................................................167 viewing .. 143 bolt spacing ...................... 143 angles............ 156 settings ............................................................. 159 examples .....................................................................................................................................................213 copying to another model ................... 167 rotating ........................................................................ 155............................................................................................214 object property report templates..................................................................133 example........................... 154............................................................138 object types ....................................................................161 identical parts ........157 sequences ............................................................................ 233................................................................................................................................. 34 Modeling of floor bay (66).......................................................135 example........................... 171 examining................................................................................. 164............................................................................................................126 object representation settings.......... 120 materials................................. 235 standard-part model ..............................................153 modifying ............................................. 169 object types ...................... 174 deleting.................152 numbering settings ......................................................................................57 n nested assemblies..................................................................... 119 flying through model................ 238 parametric modeling.......................................................................................... 237 identical areas ..............................................................238 models in a view............................................. 168 viewing ..............................................................159 numbering series............................................................................................................................................................... 158.........152 identical reinforcements .................................................................................................................................................... 21 Model Organizer.................................. 15 checking for errors ..................................... 126 moving................................................................................................................................... 122 numbering ................. 119 modifying logical areas ........................ 174 adding parts ...... 163.......................................................................................................... 54 measuring objects .......122 positioning planes....... 121 saving...............................................................132 color settings ................................................167......... 175 moving hints and tips ....162........................................................................................................158 reinforcements.......................................................................................195 using handles ......135 creating..........................................134 deleting...... 143 distances ........................................................... 170 lotting... 151 organizing....................................... 241 logical areas ............161 clearing.............................................................................................. 175 creating ...........170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ....................................................................... 151............................. 153.................................................................154 preliminary numbers...................log files viewing ..........................137 transparency settings . 123 inquiring.....160 user-defined attributes.................................................................................. 17 viewing ..................................................................................................132 deleting...............................233 m Magnifier................................................................................................................ 142 creating ........................................................................................ 163 history........... 175 removing ..............................................................................................................157 checking and repairing ...........

.. 58 profiles ..56 showing and hiding........................115 changing the material ..52 combining ............................................................237 hiding ..........52 position ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 144..66 user-defined attributes ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................116 lotting ........objects clash checking ........................239 oversized holes.....74 assemblies.........42 phase and ID .54 changing the profile ....................156 placing objects in model ............................................... 145 defining visibility...........................................242 positioning ................................171 in numbering .................................................................................... 172...........................................................................164 plane views .....................................................................................................................................................................117 steel parts ....186 parametric modeling ........................................................................................................149 concrete parts ..........................52 properties.....................131 splitting.....122 parallel constraints........................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................174 material .......................................116 comparing ....................................................................................................................................................................56 lengthening .........................................................................................128 offsets ...115 lengthening in drawings ............... 67.........................................167 orthogonal beams ............................220 overlapping numbering series ...................................55 warping ............. 156 part types ...................77 cutting with another part ..................... see attaching parts ..........................54 modifying part length ..............................128 finding distant objects ................... 79 polygon cuts.............................................................................................................241 numbering..............................................................................................................................63 opening models .......................................................................................................... 57...217 parts adding to assembly.......................212 polybeams.................................................126 measuring...............................................................................................................................116 showing only selected parts...................................................................................................................................................................................112 polygon welds ............................................................................................................................187 phases .......56 part properties....................................................................................212 properties..........................................242 identical parts...........53 part add..42 coordinates .......51 sequences ................................ 78................................................93 polylines .................................................................................................................................156 views.....131 showing with exact lines ..............17 organizing the model ....................70 bending ....................................................................65 cambering ...................................... 222 panels ..............176 profiles ......... 110........................117 part labels ..........................................................................................................................149 inquiring properties ...............................152 labels ......................................................................................................................................................................................................81 panning ...........................................................................................115 shortening in drawings.................................176 parametric profiles .......................242 showing and hiding.............212 importing ....130 horizontal parts ........................39 points ..............143 numbering..........90 p pad footings ........................................ 111 polygon shapes................................................................................ 173 shortening ........................................... 154.113 perpendicular constraints................................................................................................................................................................. 112 default properties ........................................................ 109..

.................................45 viewing changes........position bending ........ 158 preparing parts for welding.. 94 printing screenshots.................................................. 53 separators ... 48 reference models............................................................46 reference points.................................................................................................................................................................................. 125 priority in clash checking............................................................................................................................................... 53 project status visualizations....... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes........................................................................... 53 weld size prefix...................................... 70 user-defined ......................................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ............. 138 properties default ....................... 65 redrawing views......................................... 193 handles...................................................................................................................................................239 right-hand rule ........239 rotating models................................................................... 52 parametric .......................................................................................................................................................213 rotation angle knob ............ 176 prefixes................................................................................................................... 63 horizontal...................................................................................43 clash checking....................................................................................59 rotation settings ................39 reinforcements identical .................89 plates............................28 reverting to default positioning planes.........57.......................................... 147 profiles......................................................................58 round holes.......17 sketched cross sections .........................44 modifying properties ..............................................................................53............................ 61 positioning planes.............................................. 64 on the work plane. 237 r radial dimensions ............................. 53 twin profiles ...........................................................................30 rendered views ......................................157 relative coordinates .........................128 repairing numbering errors .............................................. 59 vertical............................... 190 radius................... 136 creating ...................... 135 copying.........45 highlighting ....... 136 example............... 39 reference lines.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................80 s saving models................................45 splitting into reference objects..............153 numbering .........................144 hiding..69 slabs .....197 to old clash checking functionality ............................................... 60 end offsets.............149 RGB values ...........................................................................................48 updating..121 parts .....................128 restoring default work plane ..........161 report templates for inquiring object properties .............................................................................................45 inserting.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................57 refreshing views.................................................................................................................................. 196 moving............... 62 levels ...................................................................................................................................................................... 58 reference model objects ......................................... 136 deleting........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 59 rotation ......................126 reports viewing ...........................48 supported DGN objects ... 195 reverting to default ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 201 standard .......................................................................... 93 preliminary numbers..........................45 viewing layers.........................................198 screen layout in Model Editor ............241 representation options ........................................... 47 selecting ..36 representation options......................44 selecting ............................................... 53 sketched profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 65 depth .........................................136.................

...............................................216 edge chamfer properties.........221 view properties ................................222 part properties ........................................................................ 196 profiles ...............27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .........................201 variables ...............................................131 positioning planes ...................................125 printing............................................................220 pad footing properties........................214 sections...................................................................................226 concrete slab properties .........................................57 snapshots................................45 values from model ................211 grid view properties ..182 sketch editor............................................................................................168 selecting dates from model.212 rotation settings ...................................241 shortening and lengthening parts ....84 views........................................................................................232 detail properties ...............................................195 reference lines .................................................201 example ............................... 235 orthogonal beam properties..........................................238 reference model objects ....................................................................181 sketched cross sections.......193...........53 standard-part models .....................................200 importing ........................215 numbering settings ................................................199 using in models..........212 grid properties.................................................217 point properties............... 114 slotted holes.115 shortening parts in drawings ......................................................................................160 status in clash checking ..............................................................................173 inquiring .......................................124 in Windows Vista ..............227 concrete beam properties.........................38 work area .118 standard profiles ..............213 screenshot settings......125 saving in bitmap format ................ see screenshots ......56 parts with exact lines ..........173 settings bolt properties............204 exporting ........................................................90 snapping to middle points............................218 steel column properties ....184 positioning planes ....................................26 single bolts ...172 adding parts...................... 113.........225 concrete column properties ..................................201 refining the shape ..................215 view settings ..............................................................................................................................238 selection dial ... 203 modifying ..224 concrete panel properties ........... 202...........................................................................................................................183 slabs....................................................181 adding constraints......................................................186 saving ........................................................................................198 sketch thickness .............................................................185 creating .........................................125 settings .................................................................88 single grid lines .................48 reference models...............................................................199 checking..................................................190 arcs ................................... 118 plates and slabs.......32 single-part welds ........................................227 display settings ......................................229 shifting the work plane .........................................................................................................................................................................................................124 splitting parts.............................................................................................................. 234............................................................215 weld properties ........................................................................................214 steel beam properties ......................116 showing assemblies.....................................58 top-in-form face...........................................................................................................223 twin profile properties .......................................................................184 creating images ................................................211 grid line properties .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................94 Sketch Browser............................................................................80 warping .........................240 parts labels .........186 adding dimensions........232 general modeling settings.............................219 corner chamfer properties .................................................................................................................................................................218 strip footing properties ....................................................................................198 polylines........................ 203 extrusion types..197 circles............ 117..........................................................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................................................................................................173 modifying ........58 sequences ....................................................................................................................................................................................screenshots creating..................................131 components .........................................................................225 contour plate properties........................................... 194.........................185 chamfers .................................................................................................172 deleting ........................................................................233..................132 cut lines............................................................................................................................173 creating.............................................. 202.....................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................................................................37 view settings .............. 66 assemblies ............................................................ 96 creating new surface treatments ............................ 104 tips activating overlapping views ............................. 68..............55 in numbering...............84 transparency settings ........................................................................................................................... 72 surface treatment ........................................................35 view planes..............................................................................................................................33 arranging ...............................215 viewing logical areas ............ 100 switching between views ....39 closing ........................ 238 modifying part length.............................................................................................................69............................................................................................................................. 70...............................128 visualizing project status...... 97 on part face ....................................................................... 70 beams ......................78....................... 239 selecting values from model.................................. 221 storys...............................................36 moving........................................................................ 95 adding ........................................... 71 bolting to existing assembly .......................................... 100 creating new tile patterns ..................173 views...................................................................... 99 modifying..............35 deleting........................................................170 sequence numbers..........189 vertical dimensions ..................................................................... 218 columns............. 72 welding to existing assembly................................38 overlapping............. 97 on parts with openings and recesses..................... 100 pattern definition example ......................................... 97 tiled surface treatment....................................................................................170 models..........................................................................................192 vertical position.......................................................................38 modifying ..........................128 view planes......................................39 creating.......................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ......................................... 124 numbering history.. 220 polybeams.................36 visibility of objects.................... 97 on chamfered parts ............... 98 on selected areas....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 vertical constraints.................21 user-defined attributes............................................................steel parts...................................................... 242 right-hand rule ....................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ................ 223 sub-assemblies ............239 properties .................................39 switching between views ............................................................................... 239 copying and moving efficiently ............................... 218 contour plates.....................................................................66................ 96 on all faces of part....153 user-defined profiles ............................................................................................. 221 u user interface in Model Editor .38 naming. 68 orthogonal beams .......................36 view types.............................................................................................................. 239 modeling identical areas ............................................. 101 pattern definitions................................................................. 103 pattern elements .................35 opening.. 240 defining default part properties.............................................................................................176 in sketching .......53 v values selecting from model ....................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 .............. 242 cutting efficiently......................136 t testing sketched cross sections .............................................39 temporary ...................238 variables in parametric modeling ....215 refreshing ......................................61 view depth ........................................... 238 creating horizontal parts...................................................................................... 237 finding RGB values for colors.................................. 69........................................................... 39 top-in-form face ..........................................................161 object types . 168 strip footings ............................................96.......................................................................................................................... 98 on cut faces...........214 twin profiles... 119................................................................................................................. 219 curved beams..........................................70.............. 67 twin profiles ......................67............ 241 placing objects .............................................................................................................................. 197 tiled surface treatment..................................................................

...................................................231 welding sub-assemblies ........................................... 229 between parts ............... 93................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .93 single-part welds................................w warping beams. 91.......................................................36 work area ...................................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier .............72 wire frame views .........................................................28 shifting ........................27 workspace in Model Editor.............................................113 concrete parts....................................120 zooming in or out .......92 weld preparation ...................................................................................................120 zoom window ......................................234 polygon welds.............................................. 114 welds..............................................26 work plane.............................................27 restoring...................................91...................................................93 weld types...........................94 weld position......................................................................................................................................................94 weld size prefixes ...................... 128 defining ........................................................................................120 zoom settings..26 hiding .............................................................. 94 numbering.................................. 25...............................................................................................................................................................................................120 with keyboard shortcuts ............................................................................113 concrete slabs ..........................91 creating...................................... 113....

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful