Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

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............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Position on the work plane ................................................................................................................................................... Part labels .............................................................................................................................. Using welds to create assemblies .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Parametric profiles .................................................................................................................................................................................................. Levels ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Moving a part using handles ....Changing the profile of a part ...................................................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies...... Bending ............................................................................ Creating a steel beam ..................... Showing part labels in a view .......................................................................................................... User-defined profiles ................................................................................................................................. Horizontal position .......... Rotation ......... Creating a sub-assembly ................ Creating a twin profile...................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the position of a part .......... Creating a contour plate ............................... Creating a round contour plate .............................................................................. Showing part reference lines in model views ..................................................................................................... End offsets ........................................................ 66 Assemblies........................................... Vertical position ............. 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Standard profiles ................................................................................................................................... 57 Steel parts.......................... Changing the material of a part ..............................................................................................................................................................................................3 Creating a steel column.................................................................................. Adding parts to an assembly ... 3... User-defined attributes ............................. 3.......................................... Colors ......................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Using bolts to create assemblies .................................................. Materials............................ Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .................... 3.................................................................................................................. Position depth ......................................................................................................................................................................... Assembly hierarchy ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly....................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ........................................................................ Creating a steel polybeam.............................. Creating an orthogonal beam.............................................................................................................................................................. Creating a curved beam ....................

........................................ Creating a strip footing ....................................................................................................................... Assembly examples ... Highlighting objects in an assembly ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a round slab ........................................................ Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ............................................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating round holes...................................................................................................................................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Highlighting objects in a cast unit............................................................................................................................................1 Bolts........5 Creating a pad footing.................... Creating a concrete beam... Bolt offsets ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 81 4 Detailing Structures .............................................................................................................................................................. Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ...................... Changing or adding bolted parts ..................................... Defining the casting direction of a part .......... 89 Creating slotted holes .................................................................................................................................... Bolt group shape ................... 4............... Showing the top-in-form face . Creating a concrete panel ... Creating a concrete column .................................. 85 4................................................................ 3.................................................................. Defining the cast unit type.................................................................... 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ..... 77 Cast units............................................................. Changing the main assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Changing the assembly main part ...................................................................................................... Adding objects to cast units ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ................................................................................................................................................................ Creating a concrete polybeam ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3....................... Changing the cast unit main part ............................................................................................................................................... Removing objects from a cast unit .................Joining assemblies ....................................... Creating a single bolt ......................... Exploding a cast unit ............................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ........................................................................................................... 85 Creating a bolt group.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Exploding an assembly .......................... Bolt group position .. Casting direction ....

.................... 4............................................................................................................................................................................................. 103 Tile pattern elements ............................................................................................................................................................. Cuts ................................................................................................................................................... Chamfering part edges ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Modifying the shape of a polygon............. Manually preparing a part for welding .................................................................................................................. Polygon cuts .......................... 104 Chamfers.......................................................... Creating a polygon weld................................................. Creating a fitting ........................................................Creating oversized holes.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options.......................... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Line cuts ......................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................... Weld size prefixes ................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with a line ............................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ................................................................. 99 Tiled surface treatment.......................................................................................................................................... 104 4.................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ........................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ............................................................ 90 4........................................................................................ 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ......................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Welds ................................................................................................ Cutting parts with another part ............. Warping concrete parts ..................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment...................................................... 100 Creating new tile patterns ......................................... 100 Example pattern definition ...........5 Fine-tuning part shape ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts......................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ............................................ Warping a beam using deformation angles ....................................................... Chamfering part corners .............................. Part cuts ....................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ...... 101 Tile pattern definitions ...................... Polybeam chamfers ........................................................... Weld preparation .................................................................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part ............................. 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses .................................................................................................. Weld position ...................................... Fittings..................... Cutting parts with a polygon .................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a weld to a part ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

................. 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ........................................................................................................................................................ 126 Showing and hiding objects ................................. Zooming with Magnifier .................................................................. Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ........................................................................................................................ 5......................................................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7 Splitting parts .....................................2 Inquiring object properties............................................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Representation options .................................................................................................. Printing a screenshot .............................................................. Shortening and lengthening parts .................................................................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ................................................................................................. Cambering a part .............................................. 119 5........ Rotating the model ................................. Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool .............. Moving the model....................................................................................................................... 118 Splitting a plate or slab.................................................................................................. Creating a clip plane ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed .............................................................................. Cambering parts.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Hiding selected parts.................................................................................................................. 118 5 Examining the Model........................................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ................................ Object property report templates .................................................................................................. Creating a screenshot............. 5............................ Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ......................... 116 Attaching a part to another part....................................................................... Zooming with keyboard shortcuts .............................................................................. 4................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing parts with exact lines .............................................................................................................................................................. Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ...................... 117 4....................................... 116 Combining two parts into one.. Flying through the model........................ Modifying the zoom settings .........1 Viewing the model .............................. Hiding unselected parts.. Lengthening a part in drawings .....................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ......................... Showing and hiding assemblies............................................................................................................................. 119 Zooming the model ........................

.................................................................................................................. 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ............................................... Creating an object group ...................................................................................... 142 6 Numbering the Model...................................... 153 6.................................................................................................2 What is numbering ........... Measuring distances ..................................................................................Showing and hiding components ................................................................................................................ Copying an object group to another model ........ Reverting to the old clash checking functionality .................................................................................................................................................. Deleting object representation settings ............................................................................................................................................ 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Creating a visualization ...........................................................................................................................1 6........................................................................................................................................... Copying object representation settings to another model ....................................................................................................................................... Finding distant objects.................................................................................................................. Deleting visualization settings ........................................ Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ......................................... Creating object representation settings ....................................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings ........................................................................................... 151 What affects numbering ................... 5..................................... Finding clashes in a model ... Example: Defining an erection schedule ................................................ Example: Visualizing the erection schedule .....................................5 Measuring objects ......................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating visualization settings ........................................ Deleting an object group ..............................................................................................................................................................................3 Defining numbering series ......... Measuring angles .............................................................. Object representation settings.......................................... Measuring bolt spacing ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 135 Checking the model ................................................................ 152 Identical reinforcements ..... 5............. Detecting clashes ........................................................................................................................ 152 Identical parts ................................................................................................................... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status............. Copying visualization settings to another model ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Creating object groups ...................................................... 151 6............................ 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ........................................................................................................................................................ Clash Check Manager ....................................... Object groups .... 153 Planning your numbering series................................................................................................................... Comparing parts or assemblies...................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 6................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6........................................................................................................................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ........... Assigning family numbers ..................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases................................................. Checking the sequence of a part .................................................................. 161 Numbering examples...... Assigning control numbers to parts .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering selected part types ....................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers........................................................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories .............................. 167 Creating logical areas ...... 161 Repairing numbering errors .................................................................................................... Adding parts to a sequence .... 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling......................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories.......... Changing the family number of an object ........ 6........................................................ Overlapping numbering series ...........................................................................................................6 6.....................................................................................................................................................................4 Lotting .......................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases ..........................................................................................Family numbers..........................................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects................................................ Deleting a sequence ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Using family numbers................................................................................. 171 Custom phase properties ......................... 156 Viewing the numbering history......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project ............................................................................................................................................................. 167 7......................... 7..............................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ................. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases............................................................................................................................. Clearing numbers..... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams........................................... Creating a standard-part model ........................ Control numbers.................................................................. Locking and unlocking control numbers ...............................................................3 Sequences.................................................................................................................................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories................................................................................................................................................... Creating object type categories............................................................................................ 171 7........................................................................................................................... 172 173 173 173 173 7........................................................................... Assembly position numbers ..... Modifying the sequence number of a part............1 Organizing the model................................................................................... 172 Creating a sequence ....................................................................... Numbering reinforcements....................................................................... Changing numbers......................................

............................................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch .................................................................................................Creating a lot ... 176 Sketched cross sections ......................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ............................................................................................................................................. Modifying a sketched cross section............................................................................................................................................................ Sketching a circle ................................ Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ................................................................. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section .................................................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a perpendicular constraint ..................................................................................... Sketching an arc ................................................................................... Adding a vertical constraint ............................................. Cross section extrusion types .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Part positioning planes ................ Removing parts from a lot ....................... Adding a fixed constraint .......................... Sketch Browser .................................................................................5 7..................................................................................................... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ........................................ Variables ......... Saving a sketched cross section ....................... Adding a coincident constraint .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Moving positioning planes ....................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...................................................................................................................... Sketching a polyline ........................................................ Sketching the outline of a cross section ............ Setting the sketch thickness ........................................................................................................................................................... Deleting a constraint ................................... 7......................................................................................... Adding parts to a lot ................. Checking a sketched cross section .................................................................................................................................................. Adding a parallel constraint ............................................................................................. Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ................................................................................................. Showing and hiding positioning planes ................................................ Adding a horizontal constraint .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving positioning plane handles .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Connection positioning planes ............................................................................ Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ............................................................................... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section............. Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section................................ 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ....................................................... Deleting a lot ............................. Modifying chamfers in a sketch ......................................................................................................................................................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ............................................................................................................................................................. Reverting to default positioning planes ...................................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures .........

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness ...................................................................................................................... Exporting sketched cross sections ...................... Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Color settings ............................................................................................................................... Concrete slab properties ..................................................... 216 8............................................3 Part properties .................................................................................................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ............................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Using the cross section in a model ......................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings................................................................................. Grid line properties............................................................................................................................................................................ 211 8...............................................1 General settings............... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ............................................................................... Concrete column properties ......... 8................... Screenshot settings............................................................................ Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 211 Grid properties ................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section................................... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ............................................................................. Creating an image of a sketched cross section ................................................................................ Transparency settings.............................................................................. Concrete panel properties............................................................................. 217 Steel column properties ......................................... Strip footing properties .................................................... 215 Grid view properties ................................................................ Twin profile properties......................................................................................................................4 Detail properties...................................................... Steel beam properties .................................................................................................................... Point properties ......... 227 Bolt properties...................................................................... Contour plate properties............................................................................................................. 229 Weld types ....................................................................................................................... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ......................................................... Concrete beam properties............... 215 View properties ............................................................................ Rotation settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Pad footing properties......................Using sketched cross sections in a model .................................................................................. Orthogonal beam properties .................................................................................................. 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8........................................................................................................... 227 Weld properties ...................................................................................... 215 Display settings ...........................................................................................................................

................................................................................. Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ............................................................ Hiding cut lines in a view ......... 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips....................................................................2 Modifying part length ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Selecting values from the model ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................1 General modeling tips ........................................... Copying and moving efficiently........................................................ 235 9 Modeling Tips ...................................Corner chamfer properties ............................................... 234 Control number settings ..... 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................................................................................................................................................ Cutting efficiently ............................................................................................................................................................................. Activating an overlapping view ............................ Creating horizontal parts ......................................... 232 8. Modeling identical areas....................................... 233 Weld numbering settings.... Right-hand rule................................ 232 Edge chamfer properties .................................................................... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern..................................... 237 9................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Finding RGB values for colors.............. 233 General numbering settings .................. Optional ways of placing objects in a model ....................................................................................................................5 Numbering settings ............................................................................................................................... 237 Defining default part properties ..................................................................................................................................................... 9.........................................................

The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. as they react to modifications in the model. create. 16) Opening a model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . 17) Saving a model (p. such as reports and NC data files. 17) Model templates (p. 18) 1.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. and save models in Tekla Structures. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. you can create a real-life model of any structure. 15) Creating a new model (p.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

When you open or create a model. 21) Work area (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 27) Coordinate system (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. the icons and available menu options will become active. 40) Points (p. 42) Reference models (p. 29) Views (p.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 25) Work plane (p. 28) Grids (p. Initially. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . 43) 2. a new window appears on the screen. 33) Construction objects (p.

23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. Finding RGB values for colors (p. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options... The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. > Model View. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. 2. To use the default background color. 3. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. leave the advanced option fields empty. 239) Background color examples (p. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. set the same value for all four corners of the background. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. and so on.

0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 Result 0.RGB values 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.0 1.2 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.

7 0.RGB values 0.6 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.6 1.3 0.3 0.0 1.7 0.8 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p. 239) 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0. dashed lines.8 0.0 1.0 1.2 0.0 Result 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .

1. set the advanced option to FALSE. To define the work area: 1. or all model objects. To make the work area visible again. See also Work area (p. for example. Click OK or Apply. when creating screenshots for presentations. 2. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. To make the box visible again. 4. > Model View. This can be useful.. Work area (p. Alternatively. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click View > Redraw All. For more information on each command. Objects outside the work area still exist. click View > Redraw All again. 25) Hiding the work area If you want.. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. but they are not visible. See also Defining the work area (p. or size the work area to include selected parts. for example. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. 5. 2. You can define the work area in a selected view. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. 3. you can hide the green work area box. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Tekla Structures hides the work area. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 26) Hiding the work area (p. or in all visible views. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area.

28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. The work plane also has its own grid. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. 2. For example. so it is the same in all views. 3. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. For example creating points. When modeling sloped parts. parallel to one of the global basic planes. or on a part or view plane. See also Shifting the work plane (p. The current work plane is model-specific. To display the work plane grid.2. 28) Right-hand rule (p. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . The z direction follows the right-hand rule. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. which can be used for positioning parts. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. part positioning. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. To shift the work plane: 1. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. which is the local coordinate system of the model. select Work plane to display the work plane grid.

4.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x... 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. Set Plane to XY.0 0. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. y. 3. set the value to 1. For example. See also Work plane (p. Work plane (p. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.See also Work plane (p. > Model View. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE.. 239) 2.0 0. 4. to change the color to red.0. Click Change. 2. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . To restore the default work plane: 1. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Click OK. Set Depth coordinate to 0. 3.. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. 2. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures.

Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. See also Work plane (p. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model.In wire frame views. 36) 2. 27) View types (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.

211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 4. 30) Grid labels (p. Grids (p. See also Creating a grid (p. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. 5. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. 31) Grid properties (p.You can have more than one grid in a model. 31) Deleting a grid (p. 3. Y0. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. 0 2*4000. and Z0. 30) Coordinate system (p. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. 31) Changing the grid color (p. For example. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. Optional: When prompted. To manually create a grid: 1. 31) Grid lines (p. 30) Modifying a grid (p.. 0 4000 4000. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. 2. Y0. You can also create grids manually. Modify the grid properties. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. 29) Grid coordinates (p. See also Creating a grid (p. For example. Click Modeling > Create Grid. The z coordinates are absolute.. If you do not pick a point. See also Click Create. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Define several grid lines with equal spacing. and Z0.

If the coordinate check boxes are selected. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. not the grid. 2. Modify the grid properties.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. is selected. See also Click Modify to save the changes. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. Grids (p. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. 29) Grid properties (p. See also Grids (p. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. If you have also other objects selected. When you delete a grid. See also Grids (p. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . When working with very large grids. 4. 29) Creating a grid (p. 3. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. 2. is selected. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. If you wish. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. 3. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. The Grid dialog box appears. you can leave the label fields empty.

See also Grids (p. 4. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. Pick the end point of the grid line.0. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. to change the color to red. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . For example. 3. 4. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. 2. 2. 3.. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 33) Moving a part using handles (p.. Pick the starting point of the grid line. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. Click OK. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line.1. set the value to 1. Single grid lines have handles. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. When you select a grid line. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. the handles appear in magenta. See also Grids (p.0 0. You can use handles to move the grid lines. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. > Model View. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1.0 0.

3. not the grid line. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . 3. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line.See also Grid lines (p. For example. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. See also Grid lines (p. If you also have other objects selected.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. 2. 4. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. Modify the grid line properties. 32) Grid line properties (p. Click Modify to save the changes. 32) 2. See also is selected. is selected. Grid lines (p. 2. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. When you delete a grid line.

and elevation views provide different types of information. 38) Deleting a view (p. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 39) Refreshing views (p. which is useful for different tasks. 39) Arranging views (p. 35) Opening a view (p. plane. create a 3D view of the part. 38) Modifying a view (p. 38) Switching between open views (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. This places the part in the center of the view. See also Creating a view (p.

or the view will not be saved for later use. In multi-user mode. b Type a unique name in the Name field. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. 36) View planes (p. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. Optional: Save the view. When you exit the model. 33) View settings (p. 215) About naming views (p. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. See also Views (p. 36) Creating grid views (p. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. If several users have different views with the same name. See also Creating a view (p. it is very important to give views unique names. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. 35) View types (p. Select a view command from the View menu. see the corresponding menu tooltip. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. which have a default name in parentheses. 2. For more information on each command. Views (p. disappear when you close them. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. Temporary views.If you are working with two screens. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. 3. c See also Click Modify.

It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. xz. In basic views. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. It does not appear in the plane name. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. 35) Representation options (p. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. and zy). • See also Creating a view (p. In the basic plane view.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis.. Other views For view types other than basic views.. or the points are defined automatically. 3. Click Move. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. To move the view plane: 1. When you move a view plane. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. from the pop-up menu.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. 4. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. or enter its coordinates. 2. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. See also View planes (p. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . 5. Pick the end point of the translation vector. or enter its coordinates.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. If the Move . Moving a view plane (p. 37) Creating a view (p. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. depending on the creation method. Click the view.

To open multiple views. 5. Before you start. check how many views you have open.. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. Select the grid. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. create a view that contains a grid. 35) Grid view properties (p. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. 33) View settings (p. To create grid views: 1. Click View > View List. See also Views (p. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. Click Modify. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. The Views dialog box appears. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1.. See also Creating a view (p. Views (p. Modify the view properties.. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. 2.. The Views dialog box appears.. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. or double-click a view to open it. how it will name the views. 3. Click Create. 2. and all visible views on the right. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. If you try to open more than nine views. If the view does not appear.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. 4. and which view properties it will use. 2. Tekla Structures displays a warning. 3. Modify the grid properties. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. Views (p. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. In the View Properties dialog box. 33) Switching between open views (p. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Click Delete. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. Click View > View List. Select the view you want to delete. select a view from the list.1. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. 3. To delete multiple views. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. The Views dialog box appears.. On the Window menu. and all visible views on the right. 2. and then click Modify. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Views (p. Views (p. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. Click View > Redraw All. See also Views (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. select an option from the Angle list box..

Click Windows > Tile Vertically. For example. For example. 5. 2. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. Pick four points. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. 3. See also Views (p. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . and circles help you place other objects. Type a name for the plane. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. They do not appear in drawings. Click the middle mouse button. See also Creating a construction plane (p. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. 40) Creating a construction line (p. You cannot use the Cascade. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. 6. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. 33) 2.To arrange the views.7 Construction objects Construction planes. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. Double-click the plane in the model. lines. Tile Horizontally. Click View > Close All. select the Magnetic check box. When you move the plane. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. Tekla Structures draws the plane. 4.

2. a Double-click the line in the model. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1.7. Click Modify. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. See also Construction objects (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. 2. See also Construction objects (p. c Click Modify. Pick the end point of the construction line. Pick the starting point of the construction line. For more information on each command. 3. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . b Select the Magnetic check box. See also Construction objects (p. 4.

To import points from a file: 1. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. For more information on each command. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar.2. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. Points (p. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. Create a point import file. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. 42) Point properties (p. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. When you create points. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. 42) Importing points (p. See also Creating a point (p. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures.

45) Hiding a reference model (p. Type the ASCII file name.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*.1000 300. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*.700. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. 42) 2.dxf) AutoCAD (*.IFC) IGES files (*. Click Create. or a heating. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p.3dd) IFC files (*. During the import process. For example: 100. 5. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point. *. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . 7. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. 3.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *.500. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p.dwg) MicroStation (*. b Save the file. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures. Include the full path and the file extension. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. See also Inserting a reference model (p. a plant design model.prp) Cadmatic models (*. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. For example. *. 6. Type point in the Search field and click Search. If you do not specify the path. an architectural model. 4. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model.dgn. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line. See also Points (p.rop.1500 2.igs. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder.

43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1.. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1.. if it uses different measurement units).. 3. 4.Updating reference models (p. 46) Reference model objects (p. 2. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. Click File > Reference Model List. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Click the Browse. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. Click User-defined attributes. For more information on user-defined attributes. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. the file does not exist. 3. or you forget to click Apply. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. 4.. 6.inp file. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. Open a Tekla Structures model. 7. button to browse for the reference model file. 5. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. If you do not define a reference model file to use. 2.. see Adding properties. Set the scale of the reference model.. Check the work plane position. Click File > Insert Reference Model. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. See also Reference models (p. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. Modify the properties and then click Modify.

See also Click File > Reference Model List. To update all reference models: 1. switch. See also Reference models (p. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. Reference models (p.. Click File > Reference Model List.. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. 2. See also Reference models (p. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model.. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model.. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.ifc) Cadmatic (.. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. 2. Click Reload all. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. you can highlight them.3dd) WebViewer (. 2. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. Reference models (p. but the changes are rarely documented.xml) 3D DWG (. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. To highlight a reference model: 1.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box.. Select a reference model from the list. 2. Click File > Reference Model List.

4. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. See also Reference models (p. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. Double-click the reference model. 3. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. Click Display. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. select Inserted to see the added objects. For example. Double-click the reference model. To view reference model layers: 1. button next to the Old file name field.To view changes in a reference model: 1.. 2..

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

49

50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

51

• For steel parts. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify.. button next to the Profile field. A parametric profile.. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Icon Description A standard profile.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 51) Steel parts (p. 53) Parametric profiles (p. parametric. click the Select. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 53) User-defined profiles (p. 66) Concrete parts (p. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. When you create or modify a part. 52) Standard profiles (p. and user-defined profiles. 2.

enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. By default. • To see all the properties of profiles. click the button next to the Shape field. See also Profiles (p. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. See also Profiles (p. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. Click Apply or OK. /. • To select a recently used profile. the profile catalog contains standard. so you should not edit them. Select a profile from the list. 6. • 5. See also Profiles (p. use the Profile name list box. For example.• 3. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. X. select the Show all profiles check box. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . 4. Click Modify. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. For concrete parts. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. See also Profiles (p. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. If you select a parametric profile. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. select the Show details check box. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. environmentspecific profiles. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. and *.

partial safety factors. 6. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. Click Apply or OK. The Select Material dialog box appears. such as strengths. Select a material from the list. including the modulus of elasticity. • To see all the properties of materials. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. or names used in different countries or standards. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. select the Show aliases check box. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. next to the Material field. porosity. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. See also Materials (p. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. Click Select.. 2. and thermal dilatation coefficient. Poisson’s ratio. For example. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. they can be former names. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. For example. or country-specific properties.Materials When you create or modify a part. and so on. 3. select the Show details check box. Click Modify.. • 4. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1.

. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Attributes can consist of numbers. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 .. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. When drawings of the parts are created. text. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. or in projects.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. or lists.

To protect objects from being accidentally changed. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear.. See also Part properties (p.. 2. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. go to the Advanced tab. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. 3. Tension. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields.. Click Display. user-defined attributes.. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. User-defined fields. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p.. See also Part properties (p. In the Display dialog box.. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. 4.4 Connection code Can be used. and Moment User field 1. Select the Part label check box. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels.

2 Part position When you create a part. 56) 3. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. a Select a property in the Properties list. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . b Click Add. See also Moving a part using handles (p. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. Move the part like any other object. Select the part. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. See also Part position (p. The points form the part reference line. 2. When you select a part. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. Part labels (p. If Drag and Drop is switched on. c Enter the attribute name and click OK. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. the rest are magenta. just drag the part to a new position. Click Modify. 6. Tekla Structures displays the handles. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. for example. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. The Part label dialog box appears.5. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. 58) Part positioning tips (p. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. you position it by picking points. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. 7. The handle of the first end point is yellow. Select the handles.

Click in the Mini Toolbar. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. To change the Angle.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1.. Modify the settings. select the Part reference line check box. to open the Display dialog box. Click Modify and OK. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. See also Click View > View Properties. or Depth offset. Click Display. Click Modify. Click and drag to select a position. On the Position tab. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. The object moves in the model accordingly. enter a value in the corresponding box. use the round selection dial. Plane offset. On the Advanced tab. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. 2. modify the desired position settings. For example. 4. 2. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. Hold down Shift to override this. Part position (p. 3. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. See also Position on the work plane (p.. • • • To change the overall position of the part. To change the rotation angle. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part...

you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 61) Horizontal position (p. 63) Levels (p. 59) Position depth (p. 60) Vertical position (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane.Rotation (p. To do this. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 62) End offsets (p. 64) Bending (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box.

58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. perpendicular to the work plane. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 . relative to its reference point.

relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. You can enter positive and negative values. relative to its reference line. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line.

58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. In this example. relative to the picked point. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. you can enter the positions of the part ends. To position the upper columns correctly. Use to define the position of the second end. not at the level you picked. you must modify their bottom level position. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

which is relative to the current work plane. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. Alternatively. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. you need to specify the number of segments. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . the less angular the part appears. for example a curved beam. You can also define the plane of curvature. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature.Top level = 1000.

Pick the position of the column. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. 2. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 58) 3. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 66) Creating a steel beam (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. See also Creating a steel column (p. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click the Create column icon.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 3. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box.

See also Steel beam properties (p. 2.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. You can also create bent plates with this command. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 218) Levels (p. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. Click the Create beam icon. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 3. Click the Create polybeam icon. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 3. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Pick the starting point. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. See also Steel column properties (p. 4. Pick the end point.

68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. To create a contour plate: 1. Pick the starting point. Click the Create curved beam icon. Optional: To create curved segments. See also Steel beam properties (p. 4. 5. Pick the end point (3). 3. Pick a point on the arc (2). chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Click the Create contour plate icon. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 4. 2. 3. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 106) Steel beam properties (p. Pick the starting point (1). 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 5. 2.4. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Pick the starting point again. 218) Bending (p. Double-click the end point. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered.

Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 2. Pick the position of the beam. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 68) Contour plate properties (p.. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 7. 2. 4. 6.. 5. See also Creating a contour plate (p. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. Select the plate.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Click Modify. 69) Contour plate properties (p. from the list box. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 3. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 219) Chamfers (p.

You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. See also Twin profile properties (p. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. Pick the end point. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . By default. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. 221) 3. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. See also Creating an assembly (p. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 4. or by joining assemblies together. You can change the main part in an assembly. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. To create a twin steel profile: 1. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 2.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 3. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams.

Exploding an assembly (p. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 2. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. 2. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 3. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 3. Creating an assembly (p. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Assemblies (p. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 76) Assembly examples (p. Assemblies (p. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box.

70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. In the Connect part/assembly list box. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. select As sub-assembly. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Pick the bolt group origin. 3. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. In the Connect part/assembly list box.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Assemblies (p. 4. You can create workshop welds and site welds. 2. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. 7. select As sub-assembly. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. Using welds to create assemblies (p. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. 5. 3. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. 6. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click Apply or OK. 2. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. 6. 5. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. Click Apply or OK. 4. When you connect assemblies.

75) Changing the main assembly (p. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 74) Joining assemblies (p. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. To work with nested assemblies. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. through the basic and sub-assemblies. See also Assemblies (p. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. from single parts and bolts.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies.

4.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. 3. Select the assembly to add to. 3. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. Select the assembly to add to. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. and still produce dimensions. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. Adding objects to assemblies (p. for all assembly levels. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the part you want to add. marks. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. etc. 4. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. fabrication information. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly.

73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Select the new main part. 4. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Adding objects to assemblies (p. c Select the assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . 2. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. You can change the main assembly at any time. 2. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. 3. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. 3.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select the assemblies you want to join. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. See also Select the new main assembly. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 2. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Assemblies (p. 2. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. See also Changing the main assembly (p. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Tekla Structures changes the main part.

Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. and then attached to the column in another workshop. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. See also Assemblies (p. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. To explode an assembly: 1. 2.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. • To only explode the sub-assembly. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .main part Steel part .main part Concrete . Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. always starting from the highest level. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts.

5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. See also Creating a pad footing (p.Drawing 2. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. Assemblies (p. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. In a frame of built-up columns and beams.

80) Creating a concrete panel (p. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Click the Create pad footing icon. 3. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 4. Click the Create concrete column icon. 5. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Pad footing properties (p. See also Strip footing properties (p. Click the Create strip footing icon. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 2. 3. Double-click the end point. Pick the position of the column. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties.Creating a concrete slab (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 3. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. Pick the pad footing position. 2. chamfer the corners of the footing. Optional: To create curved segments. 2.

2. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. See also Concrete beam properties (p. Optional: To create curved segments. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 .See also Concrete column properties (p. Click the Create concrete beam icon. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. 3. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. Pick the starting point. Pick the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 5. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. 4. 4. 3. 2. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments.

4. Click Modify. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Pick the corner points of the slab. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 5. 2. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. 5. Pick the starting point. 3. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. Select the slab. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 4. See also Creating a round slab (p. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the starting point again. To create a concrete slab: 1. from the list box. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 2. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 3. 6. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. 7.

For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. 225) Chamfers (p. Cast units can include reinforcement. each part is considered a separate cast unit. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Creating a cast unit (p. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. 3. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 4. Optional: To create curved segments. Double-click the end point. 5. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. By default. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 .See also Creating a concrete slab (p. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. For example. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. as well as concrete parts. 2. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. chamfer the corners of the panel. Click the Create concrete panel icon.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. 104) 3. You can change the main part in a cast unit.

See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 2. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. Select the new main part. 4. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 3. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 4. 3. 83) Casting direction (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. Select an object in the cast unit. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the objects you want to add. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 3. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 2. Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Adding objects to cast units (p. This applies to anything that is not concrete. Cast units (p. such as steel parts and insulation. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 2. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Cast units (p.

Click Modify to save the changes. 4. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. 2.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit.main part Concrete . 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . 2. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. In the Cast unit type list box. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. Cast units (p.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .main part Steel part . 2. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Go to the Cast unit tab. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. select Precast or Cast in place. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. Select the objects you want to remove. 2. 3. Cast units (p. Cast units (p.

you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. See also Select a concrete part. See also Casting direction (p. 2. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. To hide the top-in-form face again.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. 3. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. Select a concrete part. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. See also Cast units (p. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. Casting direction (p.

104) Combining parts (p.1 Bolts To create bolts.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. 117) 4. 116) Splitting parts (p. 89) Welds (p. 85) Holes (p.

see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. 6. Select the secondary parts. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. 227) Bolt group shape (p. 5. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 2. 2. 4. Explode the component. 87) Bolt offsets (p. 3. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 85) Bolt properties (p. which is the bolt group origin. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. and nuts) while creating holes. Select the main part. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Bolts (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 86) Bolt group position (p. 3. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. Pick a point. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. 7. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. See also Apply a component.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. washers. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. Modify the bolt group. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts.

in the y direction of the bolt group. x coordinate of each bolt. Diameter of the bolt group. y coordinate of each bolt. Number of bolts. in the x direction of the bolt group. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. from the bolt group point of origin. from the bolt group point of origin. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts.

relative to the bolt group x axis.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. Bolts (p. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. select Array from the Shape list box. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Under Bolt group. type 0. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. The starting point values Dx. 2. 3. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. 85) Bolt properties (p. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 227) Creating a bolt group (p. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. Click Apply to save the changes. 4. 5. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group.

86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . Follow the instructions on the status bar. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 85) 4. 5. Before creating holes. See also Bolts (p. When prompted. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Holes (p. 2. reselect the main and secondary parts. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. If you do not want to create any bolts. To create round holes: 1. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. Click Apply to save the changes. 2. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. 4. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 3.1.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes.

5. 8. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Holes (p. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. In the Hole type list box. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. select Slotted. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 4. See also Click Apply to save the changes. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 3. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . If you do not want to create any bolts. For example. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. 2. To indicate which parts should be slotted.

The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. If you do not want to create any bolts.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. 86) 4. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. select Oversized. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. Select the part to weld to. 4. 4. Holes (p. 94) Weld preparation (p. 3. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. this is the main part of the assembly. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. without connecting any other parts. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 3. Click Apply to save the changes.1. Follow the instructions on the status bar. If you are creating a workshop weld. 6. In the Hole type list box. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. or use a component that automatically creates welds. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. 5. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 2. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 7. In the Oversize field. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. If you are creating a workshop weld. Select the part to be welded. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts.

or z). 92) Weld size prefixes (p. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. 229) Weld position (p. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 91) Weld properties (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. y.

Select the part to weld to. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. this is the main part of the assembly. Pick the starting and end point. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. 4. If you are creating a workshop weld. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. 5. 3. this is the secondary part of the assembly. If you are creating a workshop weld. pick the points you want the weld to go through. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 2. or alternatively. Select the part to be welded.

Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. 2. See also Welds (p. Select the part that you want to weld. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. See also Welds (p. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. To prevent automatic weld preparation.See also Welds (p. Select the part that you want to cut. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. Pick the starting and end point. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 3. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. 2. or apply a component that does it automatically. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. without connecting any other parts: 1. 4. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. use the SPD profile. or alternatively. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding.

Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . surface mixes. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. you change the size of a part). for example.3. 94) 4.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. and tiles. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views.g. Select the cutting part. When you create overlapping surface treatments.

98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .. 8. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. In the Surface treatment name list box. select the specific surface treatment. 3. See also Surface treatment (p.. 7. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment.. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 9. 5. In the Type list box. select the type of surface treatment to use. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. 2. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. 4. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. to select a material from the catalog. b On the Pattern tab.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p.. 6. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. The options are Middle. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. and Behind. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. In the At depth list box. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. Front. See also Surface treatment (p. Click the Select. select the location of the surface treatment.

Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 3.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. b Select the part face. 3. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. 2. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Pick the direction. 4. 3. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 2. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 2. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. b Select the part face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 4. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . The faces that you can select appear in blue. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 2. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. 4. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.

5. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. bottom. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. left. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. or right).

See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.dat file using any text editor. The file is located in the . The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. To create new surface treatment options: 1. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 .The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. Open the product_finishes. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.

For example. 1 for concrete finish.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .xml file using any text editor. The file is located in the . For example. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. See also Surface treatment (p. Surface treatment (p. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. 2. 4. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. a Define the surface treatment type. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. Save the file. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". For example.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. See also Add rows to define new options.. Magnesium Float. 100) Example pattern definition (p. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. MF for Magnesium Float. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. b Define a code for the surface treatment option. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. Open the TilePatternCatalog. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users.

104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. 100) Example pattern definition (p.xml file. and then modify it to suit your needs. Other elements are optional.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 3. 4. Tiled surface treatment (p. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin.xml file. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . Save the TilePatternCatalog.

You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog.Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . starting from the origin of the surface treatment.xml file.

.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 . herringbone. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p.xml file. Filenames identify the pattern types. TilePatternCatalog.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. For example.xml file. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.. Located in the . after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. Located in the .

116) Splitting parts (p. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. and manufacturing reasons. Optional. Required.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. Optional. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). 108) Cuts (p. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. Required. Optional. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. Color of the tile or mortar. 104) Fittings (p. At least one required. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. 113) Cambering parts (p. In Tekla Structures. and concrete panels). defined from the origin of the pattern. Required. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. 100) 4. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. Optional. concrete slabs. 115) Combining parts (p. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. See also Chamfers (p. practical. Tile pattern element. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. steel and concrete polybeams. The origin of an individual tile. Required.

See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. See also Select the part. Click Modify. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. 5. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. 3. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 4. which does not change the geometry of the part. Modify the chamfer properties. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. 2. You can modify the default chamfers. Chamfers (p. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . Double-click the handle of any part corner. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers.

Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. You can modify the default chamfers. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p.

a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. 3. 2. Select the part you want to chamfer. 4. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . See also Chamfering part corners (p. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 5. b Modify the chamfer properties. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color.

c Click OK. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. which passes through the cutting line you pick. perpendicular to the view plane. and so on.6. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. 104) Creating a fitting (p. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. 4. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. 2. 232) Chamfers (p. 3. which makes it easier to create connections. details. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. Pick the first point of the cutting line. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. See also Edge chamfer properties (p.

240) Cutting efficiently (p. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. see Fittings affect NC data. You must create cuts in a plane view.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. See also Fittings (p. For more information on how to change this. In situations like this. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. See also Cutting parts with a line (p.

for example. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . This can be useful. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. You can cut parts that already have cuts. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines.

See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. 3. To cut a part with a line: 1. 109) Line cuts (p. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. Pick the side you want to remove. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 3.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. Select the part you want to cut. Select the part you want to cut. 4. See also Cuts (p. 5. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. Cuts (p. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 2. 109) Polygon cuts (p. For example. 2. Pick the second point of the cutting line. To close the polygon. 5. 4. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column.

3. Pick an existing corner (1). Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Pick another existing corner (4). To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. concrete slabs. The part cut does not affect other parts. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. 2. 4. See also Cuts (p. and strip footings. 109) Part cuts (p. To cut a part with another part: 1. 5. Delete the cutting part. Select the part you want to modify. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off.Cutting parts with another part Before you start. contour plates. 4. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. 3. 3). create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Alternatively. 2. concrete panels. Pick the corner to remove (5). Pick new corners for the polygon (2. Select the cutting part. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 6.

enter the angle of the beam at its end point. In the Start field. 4. 2. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Modify the chamfer properties. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. relative to the part reference line. Go to the Deforming tab. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. 6. Fine-tuning part shape (p. See also Warping concrete parts (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . use the dz1 field. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. relative to the part reference line. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. For example. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. 2. Click Modify to warp the beam. use the dz2 field. Click Modify to warp the slab. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. • 3. In the End field. 3. Move the chamfers. 5.

• The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. which warps the slabs. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on.4. Click Move. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 8. For example. type a value in the appropriate direction field. 6. See also Warping concrete parts (p. Select the chamfer you want to move. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. 7. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. 5. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. Click OK to close the dialog box. 4. 2. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on.Linear dialog box. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. In the Move . To see the warping angle of a single slab. For example. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. and go to the Deforming tab.

Cambering affects the position of cuts. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . define the degree of camber. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Cambering parts (p. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. including the template output. skews. 104) Cambering a part (p. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. When drawings are created. and embeds in the model. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. In the Cambering field. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. 2. Click Modify. 3. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction. in other words.See also Warping concrete parts (p. Go to the Deforming tab. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations.

-20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. 2. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. In the Shortening field. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. When you select the parts you want to combine. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. Click Modify. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Click Modify. Go to the Deforming tab. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. enter a negative value. Go to the Deforming tab.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. 4. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 4. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. 115) 4. For example. define the degree of shortening. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. In the Shortening field. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. 3. 3. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. See also Combining two parts into one (p. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p.

Select the part to attach to. 116) 4. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. 2. You cannot split polybeams. 3. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. Click Edit > Combine.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. Select the part you want to attach. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. You can use splitting with straight parts. 3. Select the second part. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections.1. curved beams without offsets. Combining parts (p. 2. When you combine parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . Select the first part. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. See also Combining parts (p.

3.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Select the part you want to split. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. welds or surface treatments. 2. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. If you split contour plates that have bolts. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. and on the same side of the part. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4. See also Splitting parts (p. 3. Select the part you want to split. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. 2. check the result after splitting. Click Edit > Split. Pick a point for the dividing line. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. See also Click Edit > Split. Splitting parts (p.

or a combination of both.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 142) 5. Scroll forward to zoom in. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 122) Flying through the model (p. 135) Checking the model (p. See also Zooming the model (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. keyboard shortcuts. 119) Rotating the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 119) Inquiring the model (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. and backward to zoom out. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. You can use a mouse. 128) Visualizing project status (p. you can move and rotate the model. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. or pull out for a wider view. 121) Moving the model (p.

see the corresponding menu tooltip. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. c Click Modify. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window.If you do not have a wheel mouse. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. press Page Up. See also Viewing the model (p. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. press Page Down. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Place the mouse pointer over the model. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. For more information on each command. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. Zooming the model (p. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. If this option is off. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. • See also To zoom out. Open a wire frame view of the model. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. b In the View type list box. select Wire frame. Create a zoom window. 2. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p.

To rotate the model. See also Zooming the model (p. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. 4. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . menu commands. In wire frame views. zoom in and out in the zoom window. and then drag the pointer to size the window. To change the level of magnification. Click the Magnifier icon. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. keyboard shortcuts. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model.e 3. As you move the pointer in the general view.

Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. see the corresponding menu tooltip. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. 2. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. To relocate the center of rotation. See also Rotation settings (p. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. Pick a position in the view. 3. 3. Press Ctrl + R. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 2. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 2. For more information on each command. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Click Modify. 213) Viewing the model (p. press v. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. and then pick a position in the view. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model.

press Esc.. Use the up. 3. You can also adjust the field of view setting.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. To fly through a model: 1. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. c Click Modify. • To change the flying direction. down. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. drag the mouse in the desired direction. 3. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. Select a view. you can travel through a model. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. select Perspective. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. • • To move up or down. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 .. > Model View. Set view projection to Perspective. left and right arrows on the keyboard. or Shift+M. 2. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. Click View > Fly. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 5. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. 4. To change the camera angle. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. 2. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. 2. c Click OK. To stop panning. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. To activate the middle button pan. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. scroll with the mouse wheel. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. b In the Projection list box. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. Move the model using the Pan command 1.

.. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. press Esc. 2. or the entire Tekla Structures window. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. brochures. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. Viewing the model (p. To stop flying. To create a clip plane: 1. Select a plane. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. 5. 2. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. Click View > Create Clip Plane. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. See also To delete a clip plane. press Esc. To finish creating clip planes.• 6. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. 6. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. To move a clip plane. 4. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . You can use screenshots in posters. view. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle.

5.. select View without Borders. See also Creating a screenshot (p. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. Select Place on clipboard. select Main Frame.png) files. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. 2. 125) Screenshot settings (p. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed.. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (.. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing.. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in .bmp) format to use it. 3. 4. select Dialog. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom.. for example. Click Capture. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. Click Options.. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. Click Capture. select View. Creating a screenshot (p. 2. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom.bmp format. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. To capture the active view. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. select Rendered view. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. click Pick view and select a view. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. 4. To print a screenshot: 1. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. 7. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . To capture the active view without borders. 6.3. Creating a screenshot (p. Set the desired properties and click OK. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. Under Capture. as a custom component thumbnail.

126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.. or a group of objects. see the Template Editor user documentation.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. and length of the selected model object. Select an object. See also Inquiring object properties (p. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . the tool shows the total area.. See also Inquiring the model (p.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. weight. 2. Select a part.. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. 126) Object property report templates (p. See also Inquiring object properties (p. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.5. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. 2. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. For more information on how to use templates. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. See also Inquiring the model (p. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. within the model. By default. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. To inquire object properties: 1. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part.

2. • To modify the calculated attributes..lst file located in the .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. • To add more attributes to the tool window. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . Open the InquiryTool.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.config file: 1. Click Manage contents. • See also To change the formula of an attribute.. MAX. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM.. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. 3.. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. 2. To modify the default attributes. or MIN) from the list box.. • To create new calculated attributes. • 4.config file in any standard text editor. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. *. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. The file is located in the . Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. edit the InquiryTool. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. Use the InquiryTool. • To remove attributes from the tool window. -. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. the file contains 65 attributes. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. and /) to form equations. Change the position number of the new attribute. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. AVERAGE.. The Manage Contents dialog box appears... click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button.config file in the ... use the Up and Down buttons. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. For example. click Add…. By default. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. click Edit. • To change the order of the attributes.

128) Hiding selected parts (p. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. Save the file. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. 132) Object groups (p. 5. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. 6.. Showing and hiding objects (p. DATATYPE. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. DISPLAY_NAME. Modify the NAME. 128) Representation options (p. Click Display.. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. 2. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. 3.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 216) Representation options In rendered views.lst file. 132) Object representation settings (p. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. When you redraw a view. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. For example. 128) Display settings (p. to open the Display dialog box.4. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. UNIT. 126) 5.

Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. surfaces are not.e. Parts are transparent. Example In this example. underlying parts are not visible. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. and their surfaces are shaded. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 .e. In this example. parts are transparent. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i.

. • • See also To make the parts visible again. This can be useful... To completely hide the parts. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. The parts are shown as sticks. parts are not transparent. when viewing clash check results in a large model.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. Other parts are almost completely transparent. 2. Showing and hiding objects (p.e. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. 3. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. i. This option is useful. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. To hide selected parts: 1.. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. See also Showing and hiding objects (p.5 and Shift+1. Click View > Hide Part. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . for example. for example. Select the parts you want to hide. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed.

cuts. Showing and hiding objects (p. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . 3. To completely hide the unselected parts. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. Showing and hiding objects (p. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. To show the unselected parts as sticks. 2. click View > Redraw All. Right-click and select Redraw View. See also Select the part. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. bolts.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 4. 3. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. To display a part with exact lines: 1. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. Select the assembly you want to hide. fittings. To clear the exact lines effect. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. Click View > Redraw All. The unselected parts become almost transparent. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. 2. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. and other details belonging to the assembly. To make the parts visible again. 2. Hide an assembly 1. welds. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command.

Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. a Click Add row. 128) Refreshing views (p. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p.. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. b Select options from the Category. to open the Object Group . 133) Visualizing project status (p.Representation dialog box. Click View > Redraw All. 128) Creating an object group (p. 2.. d Add more rows. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. type a value or select one from the model. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Property. c In the Value list box. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. 4. Click Object group. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. Modify the object group settings. and Condition list boxes. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Select the component you want to hide.. and other details belonging to the component. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. 128) Refreshing views (p.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 3. 133) Deleting an object group (p. welds. Right-click and select Redraw View. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. to open the Object Representation dialog box.. 2.

Object groups have the file name extension *. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. 2. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. • To make an object group available in all models. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . Object groups (p. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. Object groups (p. copy the file to the system folder.5. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1.PObjGrp. and they have the file name extension *. Select the object group you want to copy. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Select where you want to copy the object group.PObjGrp. Click Save as to save the object group. 2. 6. Restart Tekla Structures. For example. • To make an object group available in another model. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. See also Object groups (p. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. 3. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button.

Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. 7. If an object belongs to several object groups. Click Add row.. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. 8. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 6. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 4.. To create object representation settings: 1. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 5. 9. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. 3.

136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. To create project status visualizations. Object representation settings (p. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. 2. 3. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. • To make the settings available in another model. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. See also Object representation settings (p. Apply. Restart Tekla Structures. For example.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All.rep. See also Object representation settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. copy them to the system folder. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. See also Creating a visualization (p. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. and they have the file name extension *. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1.rep. 2. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. 133) Color settings (p. 133) 5. Restart Tekla Structures. or OK. Select where you want to copy the settings.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. • To make the settings available in all models.

a In the Object representation list box. 4.4d. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. • To make the settings available in all models.4d. Restart Tekla Structures. See also Visualizing project status (p. 2. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. Restart Tekla Structures. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. copy them to the system folder. 2. 6. 2. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. click the step buttons.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 3.rep) and object group files (*. 5. Select the Refresh view automatically check box.. • To make the settings available in another model. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. and they have the file name extension *. 3. Select where you want to copy the settings.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. Visualizing project status (p. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider.. To view the visualization in the model. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Modify the visualization settings. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. See also Visualizing project status (p. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. select one of the predefined object representation settings. 4. c Define the length of the time step.

. 7. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. select INSTALL_PLAN. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example.. select Earlier than or equal.. d In the Value list box. 8. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. to open the Object Group . To create the object group: 1.Representation dialog box.In the following example. To define an erection schedule: 1. b In the Property list box. 2. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. e Select Review date and click OK. To make it easier to select parts. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. Finally. Click Object group. 5. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. select Object. select Select date. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p.. See also Click Modify. 4. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. Click User-defined attributes. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. a In the Category list box. 3. See also Visualizing project status (p.. 3. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. c In the Condition list box. The Select Date dialog box appears. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. After that. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. Visualizing project status (p. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. 6.. 2... Click View > Representation > Object representation. On the Status tab.

enter a name for the object representation settings. 5. d In the Transparency list box. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. 7. In the box next to the Save as button. scheduled_erection_date. 4. select the object group you just created. For example... Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. In the box next to the Save as button. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. 2. 132) Visualizing project status (p. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . you will create project status visualization settings. See also Object representation settings (p. 138). b In the Object group list box. c In the Color list box. In the box next to the Save as button. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. a Click Add row. 4. Define the length of the time step. Click Save as. select Color by class. 5. d In the Transparency list box. 137)..4. a Click Add row. b In the Object group list box. 3. 2. 3. For example. In the Object representation list box.. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. To create visualization settings: 1. select Hidden. See also Object groups (p. select Color by class. enter a name for the visualization. select the object group All. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. To create object representation settings: 1. 133) Visualizing project status (p. select Visible. plan_same_or_before_review_date. 6. Click Save as. c In the Color list box. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 5. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. enter a name for the group. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model.

To visualize the erection schedule: 1. 3. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. 4. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. click the step buttons. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 138). To view the visualization in the model. 2. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . In the list box next to the Load button. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization..See also Visualizing project status (p. Click Load..

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

5 Checking the model When the model is complete. See also Measuring objects (p. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 143) Detecting clashes (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 135) 5.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p. it is useful to check the model for errors.

Pick the end point. 2. 143) Measuring angles (p. Select a bolt group. 2. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. Pick the center point. 4. 3. Select a part.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. All measurements are temporary. To measure bolt spacing: 1. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. Measuring objects (p. the distance between two points and between bolts. See also Measuring distances (p. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. 4. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. 3. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Pick the starting point. Pick the end point. 5. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. 2. For more information on each command. Measuring objects (p. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. Pick the starting point. 3.

See also Measuring objects (p. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. or reference model objects that collide. bolts. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected.

The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. To locate the colliding objects. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. If colliding objects are found. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. 3. Select the objects you want to check. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. You can continue working during the clash check. select a row in the clash check log. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 2. Click Tools > Clash Check. you can choose whether to continue checking.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. or stop checking.

145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. When you re-run clash check. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. Only certain object properties affect this flag. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. double-click a row. Click to check the objects. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. In the model. You can continue working during the clash check. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. A check mark it is visible. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. select a row in the list of clashes. If the object has been modified (for example. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. resolved. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. See also To highlight a clash in the model. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. modified. When the clash check is complete. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. or missing. 5. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. right-click one of the column headings. 3. 4. The clash is not new. if the profile has changed). 1. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. 2. 2. Clash Check Manager (p. To see which properties have an effect.

145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. 3. Click OK. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 2. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 2. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Click . select the clashes whose status you want to change. In Clash Check Manager. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. See also Clash Check Manager (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . 3. select a session. 3. . 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. 2. In the Open dialog box. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. In Clash Check Manager. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. select the clashes whose priority you want to change.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check.

See also Clash Check Manager (p. If you clear the check boxes. the clearance will be zero. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. 2. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field.. Click Apply or OK. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. 5. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. 3. Click Save. enter a new name. In the File name box. In the Options dialog box.. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. Modify the bolt clearance values. go to the Clash check page.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. 4.To Save the active session Do this Click . If the fields are empty. icon. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. 2. By default. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 5. Click In the Save As dialog box. 3. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears.00. Save as. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . Click Tools > Options > Options. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1..

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. P1002. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. 154) Family numbers (p. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. P1003. such as plates. . When you run numbering. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. For example.. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. Example For example. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. Planning your numbering series (p. To save time. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. If you do this. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling.

1. This can be used. Go to the Family numbering tab. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box.. Under Compare. define a part prefix and a start number. and then click Add. 4. b Select a numbering series from the list. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. go to the Cast unit tab.. Defining numbering series (p. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. for example. See also Defining numbering series (p. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. 3. When you use family numbering. Under Numbering series. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . 3. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. they get unique qualifier numbers. Click Modify. 2. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. However. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. 4.

Select at least one check box. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. 161) 6. but not all of them. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. If you select all the check boxes. b Modify the settings... 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. only one family number per series is assigned. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. 5. 2. Click Assign. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. clear the existing numbers. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. Update numbering in the model.. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. 3. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. 6. For more information on each command. Click Apply. If a series overlaps another. c Click Apply or OK. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. 155) Clearing numbers (p. 7. See also Family numbers (p. Family numbers (p. See also Defining numbering series (p.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1.. If you do not select any check boxes.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. 4.

Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. for example. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. 158) Control numbers (p. If you add new parts. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. However. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. 159) Clearing numbers (p. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. 158) Changing numbers (p. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. the x coordinate. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies.See also Numbering settings (p. The default start number is 1. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. However. See also Numbering objects (p. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. In this case you should renumber the parts.

Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. With negative directions (such as -X). the sort order is X Y Z. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. See also Numbering objects (p. their z coordinates are also compared. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). When you assign control numbers. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. and Third direction is Z. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. their y coordinates are also compared. See also Select the parts.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. Example In the following example. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. Second direction is Y. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. For example. if First direction is -X. 2. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. Numbering objects (p. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts.

select the parts. Define the control numbers to be used. etc. In the Renumber list box. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. a In the Start number of control numbers field. and then click Create. select the parts in the model. select Lock or Unlock in the Status.. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. To only consider specific parts. b In the Step value field. 2. 4. See also Control numbers (p. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. define the interval. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. • To consider all parts in the model. or specific parts. 8. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. 3. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. • 3. 5. 5.. 8.. In the Status list box.See also Numbering objects (p. 2. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. to assign the control numbers 2. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. This command does not change the numbering series. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. and then click Create. Indicate which parts to consider. 4. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. number the model. do not select any parts in the model. do not select any parts. 11. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. multi-position. 6. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. Click Apply. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. Click Apply. For example. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. specify which parts get control numbers. assembly. See also Control numbers (p. In the Numbering list box. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. 7. 158) Control number settings (p. or family numbers after you run numbering. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . type the first control number to be used.

This is for information only and the number is still changed.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. If the number you specified is already in use. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. For more information on each command. Click Assign. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. Select an object. 2. Set the desired properties. See also Numbering objects (p. 4. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Next time you run numbering. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. 2. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. To clear the position numbers: 1. See also Numbering objects (p. To create a standard-part model: 1. 3. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. This functionality only applies to steel parts. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear.1. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2.

. STD2. 5. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 7. If you have selected the Part name check box. 4. Number the model. StandardParts.. > Numbering. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 .. and so on). For information on how to interpret the log file. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. 3. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes.. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box... 156) 6.. 2. Open another model. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. 13. 9.For example. 8. 12. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Save the standard-part model. Explode all components. STD1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. See also Numbering objects (p. Delete all unnecessary items.. 10.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. 11. especially before producing drawings or reports. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. 156) 6.. See also Numbering objects (p. see Numbering history log.

Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Number the model. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 4. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. 6. To number identical beams: 1. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. 2. Unless you want to repair the entire model. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. 5. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. Modify one of the beams. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. See also Numbering objects (p. 3. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. 4. 159) 6. All the beams have the part position number P1.2. 156) Changing numbers (p. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 5. Number the model. Number the model. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part.

but the holes are different. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. but each pair has a different length. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. The parts have the same main profile. All beams have the same profile. and each pair has the same length. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p.

and another one for steel columns. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. and then click Apply. 2. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. Create steel columns. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Select the Column orientation check box. Select one of the steel columns in the model. 8. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 4. 5. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. and then click Apply. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 9. Before you start.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. 3. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. 10. divide the model into phases. 6.. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 7. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. To number parts in selected phases: 1. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model .

. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. Select one of the parts you want to number.. 7. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. Modify the numbering settings. For example. 6. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. 4. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. 5. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Select the parts you want to number.• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. and then click Apply. 3.

If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. 164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible.

You can classify information according to your needs. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. 172) Lotting (p. based on purchasing contracts. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. 171) Sequences (p. and categorize object types. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. 167) Phases (p. 174) Parametric modeling (p. lots. and erection sequences. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 181) 7.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . for example.

See also Creating logical areas (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p.

You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s).. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). In the model. a Right-click Logical Areas.. 2. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. You can also create subtypes for object types. See also Organizing the model (p. 3. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. In large projects. b Click New Object Type. 2. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . select the area for the section or the story. 5. In Model Organizer. 4. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. 3. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. In the model. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category .To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. Click Tools > Model Organizer. right-click the selected section or story. Select a section or story in Model Organizer... Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. a Right-click Object Types. b Click New Building.. Organizing the model (p. Create object type categories. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. d Click New Story.. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. Create a path structure. and select Add Selected to Category. See also In Model Organizer. To make it easier to view and select parts. 4. c Click New Section.

1. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. To show all objects again. 3. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 1. See also Organizing the model (p. 1. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. right-click the category and select Redraw View. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Select the new area in the model. 1. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. 2. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. Drag the category to another location. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. To show all objects again. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. See also Organizing the model (p. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Right-click and select Remove from Category.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. 3. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. 2. Select the objects in the model. Drag the objects to another category. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. 2. 2.

. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. select the objects. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model.. for example. Click Tools > Phase Manager.. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. Click OK to save your changes. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. 4. 5. First create a basic model that includes. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. hide objects. You can create reports and views.). Click Add to create new phases. 3. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. 2.. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. Right-click and select Delete. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . a To identify the phase of an object. 2. This is phase 1. 3. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. From now on. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. 4. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. 3.. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. the columns. For example. select a phase from the list. You then copy this basic model to all users. 167) 7. 171) Custom phase properties (p. Divide the model into phases. etc. Organizing the model (p. and then click Modify phase.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. Click OK to confirm. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object.. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. When a part of the model is completed. according to their phase number. c Phases (p. and copy objects from other models. select an object and click Phases by objects. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types.

click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. The value_type must be integer. add a new user-defined attribute. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model.inp file in any standard text editor. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. d Restart Tekla Structures. and the field_format must be %d. a Open the objects. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. none. 6. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number.0") 2.inp file. Click Apply. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards.inp file. 5. For example. use the syntax PHASE. "%d". 4. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. MY_INFO_1. the second part number 2. For example. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects.0". "0. c Save the file. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. "0. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To create a new sequence: 1. To finish adding parts to the sequence. The first part gets the sequence number 1. no. and so on.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. You can define several sequences for different purposes.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. b In the Part attributes section. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. To use phase properties in reports and templates. Creating a sequence (p. 171) 7.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. See also Phases (p. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". If you click Yes. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. Type a name for the sequence. 3.inp file. "My Info 1". 173) Deleting a sequence (p. integer.

.. Click User-defined attributes. MY_INFO_1. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1.. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. Select a part. 5. For example. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 3. To check the sequence of a part: 1. Click Modify. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part.. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. you must redefine the whole sequence.See also Sequences (p. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. Select a sequence name from the list. 2. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. Modify the sequence number. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.. For example: See also Sequences (p. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. 4. 2. To finish adding parts to the sequence. See also Sequences (p. 3. Click OK or Apply. 4. If the sequence changes. Click Tools > Sequencer. See also Sequences (p.

Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. See also Select a sequence name from the list. See also Creating a lot (p. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. Sequences (p. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.2. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. 172) 7. and material of the part. With this information. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. 3. For most model parts. To view the properties of a part. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. Click Properties.. 2. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule..4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. the weight is based on the size. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. length. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. However. In that case. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 175) Deleting a lot (p. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field.. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). Click Delete and then click Yes. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. For example. 3. See also Lotting (p. 5. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. 4. When you define lots.. Click Add. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. For example. 175) Sequences (p. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. 6. Type a lot number in the Number field. to display the Lot Properties dialog box.

3. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values.. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. 5. 4. 4. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . 2. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. Select an existing lot from the list. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. See also Lotting (p. Select an existing lot from the list. 2. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. If you simply select parts. 2. Lotting (p. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Select an existing lot from the list. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Click OK to close the dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Lotting (p. When you hold down Shift. When you re-open the dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Delete. To add parts to a lot: 1. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. 5. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Click Apply selected. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. 4. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. Click Properties. 3. 3. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded.. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Click Apply selected. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.

so that when you move the wall. They can also include formulas. the column follows. Create dependencies. between model objects. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. location and relationship to other parts. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. such as a beam or column.7. such as the name of a column. including its geometry.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. Variables can define fixed properties. or relationships. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . For example.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

Open a Tekla Structures model. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. and how to use them in a model.. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. and the Variables dialog box. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 .See also Parametric modeling (p. 53) 7. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. the Sketch Browser.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor.. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 2. 176) Parametric profiles (p..

arcs. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. dimensions. and vice versa. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. 182) Variables (p. tree-like structure. constraints. circles. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical.See also Sketch Browser (p.

arcs. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 .. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. Lines. Variables can define fixed properties.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. or they can include formulas. 1. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 1=Line . or 2) and thickness of the sketch.. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p.

unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. such as a cold rolled section. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. 185) Sketching a circle (p. Pick points to create each line segment. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. Ensure that you create a closed shape.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. arcs. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. and circles. Open the cross section sketch editor. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. To sketch a polyline: 1. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 184) Sketching an arc (p. 4. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. See also Sketching a polyline (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. 2.

See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). Open the cross section sketch editor.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 2. Pick three points to define the arc. To sketch a circle: 1. 4. 2. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch an arc: 1. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points.

Before you start. create 90 degree angles. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. For example. To add a parallel constraint: 1. force lines to meet. and add chamfers in corners. you can straighten lines. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). Select another line in the sketch (2). use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. close the shape. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. 3. To straighten the entire profile. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. you can still rotate the profile in the model. Although the shape is locked. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section.

Select a line in the sketch (1). Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. 3. Before you start. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. The lines do not have to intersect. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. The lines do not have to intersect. by extending or shortening one or both lines. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select another line in the sketch (2). 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point.

3. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 2. Before you start. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal.1. 4. To add a fixed constraint: 1. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Select a line in the sketch. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. 2). 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Pick the end of the second line. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. Pick the end of the first line (1). Before you start. Select the lines you want to straighten (1.

Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Click Refresh. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 4. To add a vertical constraint: 1. Select the constraint you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. 2). Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1.

190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. In the following example. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. if you create the dimension marked in red. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. Select the arc or circle. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. To add a radial dimension: 1. Before you start.

Select the first line (1). TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . If you are unable to see the angle symbol. To add an angle dimension: 1. Before you start. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). 3. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. Select the second line (2). scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. 3. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. between two points you pick. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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3. Change the Value field. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click to show the connection positioning planes. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. To revert to the default positioning planes. 4. 3. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click to show the part positioning planes. 4. Click Modify. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. 2. 2. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Select the part positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . 2. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. 3. Select the connection positioning planes.

by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. To save a sketched cross section. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. Click Save sketch . Update an existing cross section 1. and then click OK. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly.4. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. 2. Click Save sketch as . Type a new name in the Prefix field. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. 5. 2. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. or blank spaces in the cross section name.db1 file. and then click OK. Click Save sketch . for example. special characters.bin file. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. You cannot include numbers. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. 2. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Type a name in the Prefix field.

5. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. 5. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. you can create rounded cross section corners. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. Click Modify. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. Double-click an object to modify its properties. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section.. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. For example.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 3. 4. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Modify the object properties. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. Close the object properties dialog box. To modify a chamfer: 1. such as a cold rolled section. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . 7.. See also next to their name. 2. 4. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 6. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. 2.

sketch an open polyline. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. 1. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. or symmetrically in both directions. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. b Type the extrusion type number (0. P1) after =. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. In the Sketch Browser. 2.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. 3. P1). right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. In the cross section sketch editor. In the Formula column. the profile grows inwards. When you change the thickness. depending on the extrusion type. Type the value of the thickness after =. define the default value for the parameter variable. 4. or 2) after =. outwards. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Type the name of the parameter variable (for example.

Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline.. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. button next to the Profile field. Click OK to apply the changes. If you have applied constraints correctly. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. • For steel parts. click the button next to the Shape field. Open the Select Profile dialog box. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 2. 4. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. See also For concrete parts. 5. • 3. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. 7. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. 6.. click the Select. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Pick points to place the part in the model. you are ready to use it in the model. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p.

4. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary.uel).bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor.. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. 5. for example Microsoft Paint. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. for example. Use the cross section name as the filename.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.bmp. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. 2. mysketch.. 3. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. Save the image in bmp format in the .The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Open the cross section sketch editor. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder.

Click OK. 4.bin file. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. Select the cross sections you want to export. 5. In the component list. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 .uel files from a folder when creating a new model. 2.. from the pop-up menu. In the Export Components dialog box. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. 8. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. 6. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. you need to import both the cross section and profile. 5. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 3. right-click and select Import. To export several cross sections. To import sketched cross sections: 1.. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 4. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to.. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. from the pop-up menu. 7. Click OK. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. Select the file to import. 2. browse for the folder. 6. or copy the profdb. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. In the Import Components dialog box. To use profiles from a model. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. By default. select Sketched profiles from the list box. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*.. 3. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. Select Sketched profiles from the list. 7. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog.uel). To automatically import all *. Right-click and select Export.

204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. you will use the cross section in a model. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 2. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. When you use the profile in the model. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. At this stage. Finally. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. Open the cross section sketch editor. After that. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions.

Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 4. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p.3. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p.

In the Variables dialog box. and 3. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. and h2. Save the cross section. h2. 5. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 198) Variables (p. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. command to create the distances h1. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. enter the following values for the distances: 4.2. h1. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1.

do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. In the Variables dialog box. 2. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. and then enter =P1. enter Thickness. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. In the Variables dialog box. enter 10. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . select Show. c In the Visiblity box. d In the Label in dialog box box. 3. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. In the Sketch Browser. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. Variables (p. a Right-click Thickness. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. b In the Formula box. c In the Visiblity box. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. do the following: . d In the Label in dialog box box.00. enter 20. See also Save the cross section. 2. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 183) Sketch Browser (p. select Show. enter Chamfer. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. b Right-click ExtrusionType.1. 3.00. b In the Formula box.

2. and select the CSHAPE profile. click the Select. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. and then enter =P2. b Right-click Chamfer X. In the Sketch Browser. See also Save the cross section. 199) Variables (p.. • 3. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. For concrete parts. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 4. • For steel parts. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 6. Pick points to place the part in the model. click the button next to the Shape field. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. Click OK to apply the changes. Open the Select Profile dialog box. button next to the Profile field. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. 5. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling ..4. 5.

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

212) Point properties (p. 213) Color settings (p. 217) Detail properties (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. See also Grid properties (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 227) Numbering settings (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 215) Part properties (p. 233) 8. 213) Transparency settings (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 211) View settings (p. 212) Rotation settings (p.

• • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . y. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. See also X . Grid lines (p.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point.. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. Select to bind objects to grid lines. and z directions (x and y are relative. Select to bind objects to the grid line..grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . and z directions. Grids (p. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.. Option Phase The phase number. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. z is absolute). You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. y..

Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. All parts are colored according to their Class property. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Indicates the correct location of the point. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. The local (work plane) and global x. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. See also Object representation settings (p. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Option As is The current color is used. and z coordinates of a point.Rotate and Move . You can filter objects by their ID numbers. y.Option Id The ID number. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. The rotation angle between the original and new position. which is used in log files. Coordinates See also Points (p. Defines the number of copies created. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute.

Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. the settings will be read from that object group. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Sets the line width. Places the screenshot on the clipboard.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling.. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. The Options. Object representation settings (p. Saves the screenshot to a file. Object is not shown in the views. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Option As is The current visibility. There are limitations to pixel density. Object is transparent in rendered views. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. The height of the screenshot. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Includes only the view content in the screenshot.. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor.

as do text and points. 215) Display settings (p. When you zoom. You can zoom. See also Views (p. See also View properties (p. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. 215) Grid view properties (p. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation.. Opens the Object Group . 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes.. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. Which object group is displayed in the view... 124) 8. Rotation is view-specific.. The appearance of the model in the view. Display. Visible object group Object group. rotate the model. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D.. the zoom remains on part surfaces. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. In addition.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. text and point size remains the same. or fly through it. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. The projection type of rendered views. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective).See also Creating a screenshot (p.

Some of these settings may affect system performance. e. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Exact displays the cuts. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. washers. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. or large parts of it. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties.g. no prefix is used. This name overrides the name in the view properties. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin.. but skips cuts. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. Exact shows bolts. Each view plane has its own view properties. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. button displays the current view properties. PLAN +3000.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. Reference line shows parts as sticks. See also Creating grid views (p.. The Show. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. and nuts as solids. None does not create any views. when viewing the entire model. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. This option increases display speed significantly. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of.

221) Pad footing properties (p. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. Exact shows holes as solids. This option is only available in wire frame views. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. Point size Defines the size of points in views. 223) Concrete column properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 218) Contour plate properties (p. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 220) Twin profile properties (p. See also Steel column properties (p. When using this option. In view does not increase the point size. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 222) Strip footing properties (p. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. 128) 8.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. 218) Steel beam properties (p. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt).

relative to its reference point.g. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. cambering. with anti-corrosive paint. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. The assembly mark series of the column. steel polybeam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The support conditions of the column ends. The design information of the column. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and shortening of the column.clm. fire retardant coating.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. The user-definable name of the column. For example. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. How the column is rotated around its axis. The type of finish. e. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Warping. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. etc. The analysis properties of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The horizontal position of the column. relative to its reference point. The material of the column. hot galvanized. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. and to identify parts of the same type.prt. or curved beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Class Used to group columns. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. Creating a steel column (p. The position of the column. Finish is user-definable.

Creating a steel beam (p. and shortening of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The assembly mark series of the beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. Finish is user-definable. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. For example. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. hot galvanized. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. The finish type. fire retardant coating. The loading properties of the beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *.g. It describes how the part surface has been treated.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. etc.cpl. Class Used to group beams. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The user-definable name of a beam. The design information of the beam. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . and to identify parts of the same type. with anti-corrosive paint. cambering. The support conditions of the beam ends. The material of a beam. The analysis properties of the beam. e. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The position of a beam. The position of a beam on the work plane. Warping.

and to identify parts of the same type. Profile Material The profile of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of the contour plate.g.crs. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. in terms of depth. hot galvanized. The finish type. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . fire retardant coating. The format is PL+ thickness. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. e. The loading properties of the plate. The user-definable name of the beam. Creating a contour plate (p. The user-definable name of the contour plate. etc. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. The position of the contour plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the beam. perpendicular to the work plane. The design information of the contour plate. Finish is user-definable. Profile The profile of the contour plate. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. The spanning properties of the plate. The analysis properties of the contour plate.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. for example PL20. and to identify parts of the same type.

The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. relative to its reference point. e. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . etc.g. Finish is user-definable.dia. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The position of the beam.Option Finish The finish type. with anti-corrosive paint. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Class Used to group beams. The design information of the beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. The type of finish. and to identify parts of the same type. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. The material of the beams. fire retardant coating. fire retardant coating. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. hot galvanized. etc. e. with anti-corrosive paint. The analysis properties of the beam. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The support conditions of the beam ends. The horizontal position of the beam.g. hot galvanized. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. relative to its reference point. Finish is user-definable. The user-definable name of the twin profile. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.

relative to the beam’s reference line. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. fire retardant coating. e. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Defines how the profiles are combined. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. in terms of depth. The beam position. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. For example. Creating a twin profile (p.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. etc. The vertical clearance between the profiles. The material of the pad footing.cpf. and to identify parts of the same type. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The analysis properties of the twin profile. Finish is user-definable. For example. relative to its reference point. The vertical position of the pad footing. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. The offsets of the ends of the beam.g. The design information of the twin profile. perpendicular to the work plane. Class Used to group pad footings. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The type of finish. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. with anti-corrosive paint. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions.

The material of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. relative to its reference point. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The type of finish. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. hot galvanized. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. and to identify parts of the same type. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. For example.g. Finish is user-definable. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Creating a pad footing (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . e. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. with anti-corrosive paint.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. The analysis properties of the strip footing.csf. fire retardant coating. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. etc. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Class Used to group strip footings. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line.

The design information of the column. cambering and shortening of the column. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. fire retardant coating. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. hot galvanized. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. How much the column is rotated around its axis. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Finish is user-definable. with anti-corrosive paint. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. For example. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. Creating a concrete column (p. The support conditions of the column ends. Creating a strip footing (p. and to identify parts of the same type. e.g. The material of the column. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. etc. The design information of the footing. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. Class Used to group columns. Define the cast unit series of the column. The analysis properties of the column.ccl. The type of finish. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Warping.

The type of finish.cbm. cambering and shortening of the beam. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Finish is user-definable. Warping. For example. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. and to identify parts of the same type. hot galvanized. The beam position on the work plane. fire retardant coating.g. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. Class Used to group beams. relative to its reference line.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The loading properties of the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. Creating a concrete beam (p. e. The material of the beam. The design information of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The analysis properties of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane.csl. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. etc. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. The offsets of the ends of the beam.

User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. The material of the slab. For example. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example. The design information of the slab. The loading properties of the slab. Class Used to group panels. The material of the panel.g. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. hot galvanized.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. The analysis properties of the slab. Finish is user-definable. with anti-corrosive paint. Class Used to group slabs. The position of the slab. hot galvanized. The type of finish. and to identify parts of the same type. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Finish is user-definable. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. with anti-corrosive paint.cpn. fire retardant coating. e. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. in terms of depth. and to identify parts of the same type. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. etc. Define the cast unit series of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). etc. The type of finish. e.g. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The spanning properties of the slab. perpendicular to the work plane. fire retardant coating. Creating a concrete slab (p. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.

Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. Creating a concrete panel (p. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the panel. The design information of the panel. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. Bolt assembly standard/grade. 229) Weld types (p. The analysis properties of the panel. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 .4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. The offsets of the ends of the panel. relative to its reference line. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. See also Bolt properties (p. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. 81) 8. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. The spanning properties of the panel. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. 227) Weld properties (p. The position of the panel. The loading properties of the panel.

The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Tolerance = Hole diameter . Bolt spacing. -150). depending on the bolt group shape. For example. Bolt spacing. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. y allowance of a slotted hole. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. Zero for a round hole.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. Zero for a round hole. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. group diameter. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two.e. or co-ordinate. in both directions from the bolt group plane. depending on the bolt group shape. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. If the bolt connects several parts. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. number.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. enter a negative value for cut length (e. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Extra length Additional bolt length. x allowance of a slotted hole. In the illustration below.g. or coordinate.

85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. relative to the current work plane. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. or groove. bevels. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. For example. but does not display it drawings. Dy. The angle of weld preparation. 93). Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. The size of the weld. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. At depth Dx. not in drawings. Type Angle See Weld types (p. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . Bolts (p. Tekla Structures creates the weld. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. 231).

The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 92). You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. defining the start and end points of the weld. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. For example. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. The space between the welded parts. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. information about the weld specification or process. To create a non-continuous weld. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. See Weld position (p. for example. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . To change the separator to @. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. for example 50–100. 72). Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. for example. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds.

Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Defines the process type. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Welds (p. Defines the electrode strength. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type.

See also Chamfering part corners (p. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . to give plates varying thicknesses. The name of the chamfer. The dimensions of the chamfer. Use these fields. The dimension depends on the chamfer type. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. for example.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer.

The shape and position of the second end point. See also General numbering settings (p. The shape and position of the first end point. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 107) 8. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. See also Chamfering part edges (p. and the shape is straight. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. and the shape is angled. and the shape is straight. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge).Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. 234) Control number settings (p. All information on previous numbers is lost.

and save sequence. Numbering objects (p. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. The orientation of beams affects numbering. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. size. 157). The part name affects numbering. and number of holes affects numbering. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . See Assembly position numbers (p. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. The orientation of columns affects numbering. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. numbering.

Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. If some welds have been removed. Defines the interval between two control numbers. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Control numbers (p. No keeps the existing control numbers. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. See also Numbering objects (p. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Needed only with the By numbering series option.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

238) Activating an overlapping view (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 241) 9. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 2. 237) Part positioning tips (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p.

for example. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . In the box next to the Save as button. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. try modeling an entire floor. then copying it to several levels. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. or an object group. Start the Move or Copy command. Depending on the project. b Select an object. and object groups. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. create an empty view or selection filter. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. 2. For example. 5. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. Click Load to load the properties. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. 7. c Enter the values you want to use. 3. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building.3. then copying them throughout the model. enter a name for the set of properties. To stop copying or moving objects. enter BEAM. selection filters. Before you start. 4. when creating grids and levels in a new model. 6. The dialog box remains open on the screen. For a project that has several identical floors. For example. To use a default set of part properties. This can useful when creating view filters. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. Save time by modeling these areas once. from simple frames to entire floors. Click Save as to save the set of properties.

A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. index finger. to open the Select date dialog box. In the Value list box. Views (p. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. and then select one of the options. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. the index finger the y axis. Page Down and arrow keys. To activate a view.To select values from the model: 1. a b To select an object property. To select a date. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. 132) Creating a visualization (p. Download and install the application. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. click Select date. Click Add row. select one of the options. • See also Use the Page Up. 3. 4. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. 3. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box.. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. Open the Background color in model editor document. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . you can use the Xmouse option. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p.. You can either select a date from the calendar. click Select from model. and the middle finger the z axis. With Xmouse active. or define the number of days before or after the review date. When you hold the thumb. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. 2. 2.. select the review date. and then select an object. 2..

Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. especially in components. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings.3 mm outside of the part planes. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. If the component fails. to open the Display dialog box. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. Cuts (p. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found.. the cut is more likely to succeed. • • • • If a cut fails. Clear the Cuts check box. To locate the failure in the model. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. Click Modify. use polygon cuts. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. Click Display. Note that after creating the polygon. 2. See also Cuts (p. 4.. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. For example. Try to position the cut at least 0. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . 3.3 mm). See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . Hold down Z. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. move the part handles. Hold down F. move the part handles. 2. Click a row that contains an ID number. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. or use the Fit Part End command.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. This can cause shop errors. It can cause problems with connections and details. See also Modifying part length (p. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. Click a row that contains an ID number. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. 2. To lengthen a part. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view.

108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. lines and circles. Use construction planes. pick positions from left to right. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. Create points. For example. 57) Fittings (p. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. and from bottom to top (in positive x. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. y directions). Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. Creating a single grid line (p.See also Part position (p. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. always pick points in the same direction. 40) Points (p. such as beams. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects.

105 corner chamfers ..........................................................................................................................................73..................................... 225 concrete polybeams .................................83 highlighting ............................................65 bolts ..........................................................................82 adding objects ...........67 warping................................................................199 b background color changing................. 135 beams cambering..... 227 bolt group position ..........86 bolt offsets .... 117 c cambering parts.......... see visualizing project status ........81 adding non-concrete objects . 71 using welds to create assemblies ...............................105 edge chamfers............................................................143 bolting sub-assemblies.........................................................Index # 3D models.......... 149 creating ...............87 bolt group shape.................................................73.............. 76 exploding.......................83 top-in-form face ................................................................... 88 modifying ................................................... 75 changing the main part.................................................. 71 examples...105 corner chamfer types..........113 bending.....................................................88 a absolute coordinates .......................82 creating...... 71.......................................................................................... 75 lotting.............................................................................................83 lotting........ 74 changing the main assembly.........104 corner chamfer dimensions ......................................................................... 218 steel polybeams ............................ 74 numbering .............................................................................................. 86..............................88 bolt spacing ................................................................115 concrete beams.............................................................................83 casting direction ...... 23 examples................................................................................................................82 exploding .........................................................................................................115 cast in place..................................................69 steel beams .....................................................148 creating.......................................................................................................... 75 comparing .........174 numbering ........................... 76 highlighting .... 79................................................................... 185 assemblies .......................................................................................................................................................................................................82 cast unit type .............. 15 views ................................................ 70 adding objects ..107 in sketches ....................84 chamfering..............................................................................................................................................................................83 cast units ...................................... 131 sub-assemblies ................................................................................................................................... 85..............79 curved beams............................................................................................................. 157 removing objects .... 75 joining...............................................................................................................157 removing objects ....................................... 72 attaching parts.........72 clash checking............ 191 angles................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ............................... 174 nested assemblies ................84 changing the main part............................................................................. 75 showing and hiding .....................................................68 orthogonal beams................................. 143 arcs.................................................................................................. 71 using bolts to create assemblies ............................................... 67............ 39 4D tool............ 30 angle dimensions .......................................................................................................

.................144 colors .........................................113 constraints. 51............................................................... 78.................187 vertical ................................ 218 combining parts .....104................................................ 78......167 clip planes.........................................................................................147 changing status ...146 managing results ..................................... 225 strip footings ...............77 beams ......................................136 corner chamfers ......................................................................................................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies.....................................................................................................146 class..........142 circles...............187 deleting .......................................................41 construction lines ................................................... 158............................ 116......40 construction circles ....................................................................... 222 panels .................................135 project status visualizations .............188 horizontal ............. 159 settings .. 78....147 symbols ........................................................68...................................................................40 contour plates ...................................................................................213 finding RGB values.................................................235 coordinates coordinate system....................... 146....................................................... 80...............................................197 checking the model.... 55 classifying information .................................. 224 steel columns...........................checking sketched cross sections ............................ 219 control numbers ...105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .....187 colliding objects ....... 224 pad footings ......................... 225 cast units......................................................................................................................................................................................132 concrete parts .............................................186 coincident....................................238 object groups .........................186 perpendicular ............................239 grid color...................................................133 object representation settings......................................................... 144....... 31 columns concrete columns ...124 coincident contraints ..................... 78.........................................................................................................................................................189 construction objects .............................. 69.........................................................41 construction planes..........................................................188 parallel ....................................... 232 types and dimensions ...................185 Clash Check Manager .......................................... 66...................................................................................79 slabs ................................................................. 223 warping .................................................................................................. 145.........84 columns ................................................ 146 clash checking ...................................28 copying hints and tips.........................................81 casting direction.........146 sessions..........................148 changing priority ................................ 28.... 226 polybeams ..........................................55 background color ..........................23 background color examples.................................................149 components showing and hiding......................................................................................................................................................147 list of clashes ..................................... 105.....................189 fixed ............23 color settings ............. 79............................................................................................................................... 81................................ 149 bolts ............................ 145....................................

.................138 creating project status visualization settings .......................................................................... 137.................................... 108 grid lines.......................... 168 sequences............................ 90 logical areas ....................................................................65............................. 100 twin profiles .......... 80 standard-part models ..................... 78 project status visualizations ................................. 74 object groups............................................................................................................... 164............................ 109.....................162..................................................... 71 bolts................................................. 40 contour plates................................................. 82 clip planes ........................................................ 110................................. 168 strip footings....................191 deleting from a sketch ..................... 112 polygon cuts .................................................................................................................................................................................... 104........ 132 object representation settings ........................23 creating object groups .... 67 storys......................................... 107..............................................................................................127 modifying contents ....................................... 86 cast units ........................................................... 168 lots................................................................................................................................................................................... 78 concrete panels...................................... 41 construction planes ............................................ 160 steel beams......... 174 models............................... 172 single bolts ............. 69 pad footings.................................................................171 detail properties .................................171 object types ......... 16 nested assemblies .....................................................171 e edge chamfers.......................................................................................192 in sketching .......................... 181 sketching cross sections .... 139 erection sequences ...............................................................76 background colors ..........................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ........................... 30 holes..................................... 88 sketched cross sections ...................127 cuts ..................................63 erection schedules....... 41 construction lines .......................................................................... 184 slabs. 91.................................................creating assemblies .................................................................89..........................................139 visualizing project status ......................................... 67 steel columns ......... 80 construction circles..................... 68 Custom Inquiry .. 78 sub-assemblies ........... 165 tile pattern definition .. 169 orthogonal beams ....171 exact lines........................................131 examining the model ............................................................................................................................................................................... 68 fittings............................................................................................. 124 sections ..............................................................................................190 vertical ..................................................................... 35 welds ....137 numbering ................................................................................................................ 124 concrete beams.......192 display settings ........ 109.................................................................126 adding attributes...................................................................... 66 steel polybeams ...................................190 radial.............................................. 163....................................................................101 visualizing erection schedules.......... 181 curved parts.... 111 part cuts........143 dividing models...................................................................................................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.... 136 screenshots................ 32 grid views ..... 111 d deleting logical areas ....................................................204 defining erection schedules.... 69 curved beams... 70 views ......227 DGN supported objects .........48 dimensions angle.....216 distances measuring........................................137 creating object representation settings.............191 between two points.................................................................................................................................................................. 93...........................68....................................................................................................240 line cuts .................. 79 concrete slabs ...................................................................................................................109 hints and tips ............... 79 concrete columns ..........................................193 horizontal...........................................................................70.......................................................... 81 concrete polybeams .................................................................................................................................................................................................................119 examples assemblies .......................................................................... 38 grids ............................................................................................................................................ 232 end offsets .......... 71 tile patterns..... 134 object type categories ...................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section................

153 importing points ...................45 selected parts ....................................................................................................28 grid lines ...............................................................132 cut lines.......................................................... 28................126 j joining assemblies....................................30 creating..........33 properties..130 top-in-form face..237 holes ......................................155 example ............................................................212 grid views creating................................................. 222................................................................126 object properties .................................................................................................................................................................................57 of positioning planes.......................................240 grid labels ....................................................84 unselected parts ....................29 modifying ...................83 exporting sketched cross sections .......................................................................................................................................188 horizontal dimensions ..................... see tips ......................................................................27 hiding assemblies............................................................................................32 deleting .......... 90 horizontal constraints ..................83 reference models ........................................................................................200 f family numbers .............................156 finding clashes ........ 29.................................................................................................................. 31 line extensions.............................................108 fixed constraints......................123 footings ..............57 moving ......................................................75 cast units................... 89..................................................................................................................................................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 work plane grid .............38 properties......31 part labels ............................................................45 hints and tips..............................................................................................................................29 properties.........64 line cuts..31 origin..........................203 inquiring models ...........................32 creating......................................................78.............................................238 parts.........26 highlighting assemblies..........................56 positioning planes .........192 horizontal position ........................................................131 work area .........................................................................................................30 deleting ...............................131 local coordinate system ..75 l lengthening parts .................................................152 reinforcements ...................... 111 lines exact ......................................................149 fittings .131 components .........................................................28 h handles .....................................................................................................................................................................................................76 cast units .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 31 labels .....................................................................................................................163 modifying ...............58 reference models ..........................42 sketched cross sections....exploding assemblies............116 levels................................................................................................33 modifying ........................................................................ 109.................................................145 finding distant objects ................................31 grid color...........188 flying through model ..................................................215 grids coordinates .............................................................................................................................195 reference lines ............................. 223 g global coordinate system ........................................................................................................................................................62 i identical areas.....................................203 extrusion types.....

.....154 preliminary numbers.................... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position ......................................................................................................................................... 151 organizing.158 reinforcements.......................................... 54 measuring objects ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 159 examples ...157 sequences .214 object property report templates...... 169 o object groups ........................................................ 17 viewing ............................. 170 lotting.................................................................. 174 deleting...................................... 73............... 126 moving.......213 copying to another model ........................................................................................................................................................ 241 logical areas .....................................195 using handles .................................................................................................................................................... 167 rotating ........................................................... 155.. 235 standard-part model .................... 122 numbering .............133 example......................... 153.. 120 materials............................. 171 examining..........167............... 237 identical areas ...................................................................137 transparency settings ......................................................................................................135 creating...........160 user-defined attributes...............132 color settings ...................157 checking and repairing ...............................................................................................................138 object types .......................................................................................................................................................................................172 series.....................................152 identical reinforcements ................................................log files viewing ..............153 what affects .....................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .............................................238 models in a view........................ 176 rendered or plan view?. 142 creating .................. 119 flying through model........... 119 zooming........................................................................................ 165 family numbers ................................................... 168 viewing .............................. 119 modifying logical areas ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)............................. 143 angles..........132 deleting............................................................... 158...................................................................... 121 saving....................................................................................................... 233.......................................................... 16 dividing into phases.........................................134 deleting............................................................................135 example.151 assemblies ............................................... 175 creating ....................... 156.........................................................................................162.................................................................... 169 object types ................. 58 Model Editor screen layout.................126 object representation settings....153 modifying ......................................... 175 removing ......161 clearing......................................................................................233 m Magnifier.................................................................................. 234............................... 21 Model Organizer..... 167 modeling hints and tips .................. 74 numbering.............................................................................................................................................................. 163 history......................... 238 parametric modeling....................152 numbering settings ..................57 n nested assemblies.................161 identical parts ...................................................................................................................................133 creating............................................................................................................................................. 164... 163...157 cast units ........................................................... 154.................... 15 checking for errors ............................... 143 distances .............................................................................................................. 175 moving hints and tips ........................................................................................................................... 143 bolt spacing ...133 copying ..............................................................................................................................122 positioning planes....... 114 models about 3D models ...................................... 156 settings ..................160 control numbers..............................................................159 numbering series........................................................................... 151..................... 174 adding parts ...167 viewing ......... 156 about numbering ....................... 123 inquiring.................................

.............................................74 assemblies............................171 in numbering ..............................................................242 positioning ...........................113 perpendicular constraints......................................56 part properties........................................... 110..152 labels . 67.......... 172.......................................................................................52 position ...................................... 111 polygon shapes................................................................................................................................................................42 coordinates ................................................70 bending ....................................................................................................112 polygon welds .........116 lotting .................................176 parametric profiles ....................128 finding distant objects ................................................................................ 78..55 warping ......................................122 parallel constraints........................................................................................................63 opening models ........................242 identical parts.............237 hiding ........................115 lengthening in drawings ..................................................................... 154.......................................................................................................................................................................................................239 oversized holes........................................................65 cambering .149 inquiring properties .......143 numbering..............................................................................................................................77 cutting with another part ...................................115 shortening in drawings..............................................................................................................................................212 importing ...................................................51 sequences ...........................................................131 showing with exact lines ...........................53 part add...................242 showing and hiding............................................................................................56 lengthening ................................................................................................................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................187 phases .................52 combining ...................................220 overlapping numbering series ........ 173 shortening ..........................39 points ........................17 organizing the model ................................................................ 145 defining visibility..............................149 concrete parts ..............90 p pad footings ..........................................66 user-defined attributes ...167 orthogonal beams ...................................................116 showing only selected parts.................................................. 57.....................................................................................................................56 showing and hiding.............................................................212 properties.........................81 panning .............................................................................................42 phase and ID ................................................ 222 panels ................................................. 58 profiles .............................................................................................................................54 modifying part length ......................................................................................................................128 offsets ..............212 polybeams............. 156 part types ....176 profiles ...................objects clash checking .................................................... 112 default properties ............................52 properties.............217 parts adding to assembly....117 part labels ...........................................................................186 parametric modeling ... 144.......................................................................................................................117 steel parts ...............126 measuring........................................................93 polylines .................................................. 109.................................. 79 polygon cuts..................................................................130 horizontal parts ..............................164 plane views ..........................................................................241 numbering.............116 comparing ..............................................................................115 changing the material ........................................................156 placing objects in model ...................................................................................................................174 material .......................................................................156 views........................................................................................................................ see attaching parts ...................54 changing the profile ..................131 splitting....

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 53 separators ..................161 report templates for inquiring object properties .......................241 representation options ........................45 highlighting ......................................................................................................................................................... 176 prefixes............................................ 52 parametric ...................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ................................................................. 65 redrawing views................. 58 reference model objects .........57...................... 62 levels .................................................... 61 positioning planes...................................................121 parts .............................................................................................................. 136 creating ................................................................................................................................................................. 158 preparing parts for welding.......................................................................................................197 to old clash checking functionality ....................................................................................................................... 190 radius........... 147 profiles.................................................59 rotation settings ...213 rotation angle knob .................................. 196 moving...... 65 depth .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................153 numbering ............................................ 93 preliminary numbers............... 125 priority in clash checking........ 53 project status visualizations................................ 201 standard ..........position bending .......................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor ....................................... 136 example.............................................................28 reverting to default positioning planes..............................................128 repairing numbering errors ........ 195 reverting to default .......... 64 on the work plane...30 rendered views ........... 53 sketched profiles .............................................................................................43 clash checking....................................................144 hiding................................................................................................................................................ 59 rotation ........................................................ 138 properties default .........57 refreshing views......................................................................................................................... 48 reference models.....................157 relative coordinates . 39 reference lines........58 round holes........... 193 handles........... 94 printing screenshots.......80 s saving models......................................48 updating..........................................................................................................................46 reference points....... 47 selecting .................................239 rotating models....................................................... 59 vertical....................................................................................................................45 viewing layers............................. 136 deleting.......................................................................................................................................48 supported DGN objects .................................................................................................. 135 copying...................................................................44 selecting ................................................................................................ 63 horizontal...............................239 right-hand rule ..........................................39 reinforcements identical ..... 60 end offsets................................................................................45 splitting into reference objects.......................36 representation options....................................69 slabs ................................................... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes.. 53 weld size prefix..................................45 inserting....................................................136............................................ 237 r radial dimensions ....................................................................................................................................................44 modifying properties ..........................149 RGB values ................................................89 plates..................................................45 viewing changes.................................128 restoring default work plane ....................................................................................................................17 sketched cross sections ........................ 53 twin profiles .................................................................53..................................................................................126 reports viewing .......................................................................... 70 user-defined .........................................

.......................................................................172 adding parts..199 checking........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 plates and slabs.....................124 in Windows Vista ..215 view settings ........................183 slabs.....................................90 snapping to middle points.....241 shortening and lengthening parts ........................................................................................................................................................184 positioning planes ..........................225 contour plate properties.......................217 point properties.................................................238 selection dial .....................................................181 sketched cross sections.....201 refining the shape ...............................................................................227 display settings .....................................45 values from model ...................... 203 modifying .........................214 steel beam properties ....................198 sketch thickness .......................................................................................................................200 importing ..........218 steel column properties ....................................193.....................185 creating ............212 rotation settings ..................................................................182 sketch editor....................................232 detail properties ................................215 weld properties ............................................................................................................56 parts with exact lines ............58 top-in-form face................................................. 113......116 showing assemblies..... 117.......................173 creating.....226 concrete slab properties ...........................................238 reference model objects ........................131 components ........................................................................................................227 concrete beam properties...................... 202.....80 warping ....204 exporting ..............................................................................................................................................................................................53 standard-part models ..............................................214 sections......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................186 saving ..................216 edge chamfer properties..215 numbering settings ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................225 concrete column properties .......173 settings bolt properties...................................................................................................................................94 Sketch Browser.................118 standard profiles ..............................................38 work area ......................................................................................................................................................201 variables .........................223 twin profile properties ..............................................160 status in clash checking ....218 strip footing properties ........132 cut lines............................................................32 single-part welds ..............................................................................232 general modeling settings.................201 example ............173 modifying ......88 single grid lines ......84 views.125 printing...124 splitting parts........................................................................................................................................125 settings ..........................219 corner chamfer properties ...190 arcs .................................... 196 profiles .........................................................................................................................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...................229 shifting the work plane ..........................198 polylines..............................................................220 pad footing properties................................222 part properties ........................................screenshots creating................................................................... 203 extrusion types...............................................................57 snapshots........... 235 orthogonal beam properties...................................................................................................................................................186 adding dimensions....................................................................................................26 single bolts ......................................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ........240 parts labels ......................................................................................................131 positioning planes .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................211 grid view properties .......... 114 slotted holes.............................125 saving in bitmap format .......199 using in models..........212 grid properties..........197 circles.............. 202........... 194........................195 reference lines ......224 concrete panel properties .................................................................213 screenshot settings.............................................173 inquiring ..................................48 reference models......................................................................................172 deleting ...................168 selecting dates from model......................................221 view properties ..........58 sequences ...........181 adding constraints.............................................................................184 creating images ................................185 chamfers ............................................................................................ see screenshots .............................................. 234............................115 shortening parts in drawings .....233..........211 grid line properties ................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................... 221 storys.................................................................................................................................215 refreshing ... 223 sub-assemblies .......................................................183 vertical constraints..................................................... 239 modeling identical areas ............. 103 pattern elements ......................... 96 on all faces of part.... 68.............................. 119.................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 .....................33 arranging ..... 39 top-in-form face .................................................................170 sequence numbers........................................................................................................96................................................38 naming........... 100 switching between views ......................................................................................................................................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ...................................................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ..............38 modifying ..........................................................................67...... 96 creating new surface treatments ................................................................................................................................................. 72 welding to existing assembly................................................ 70 beams ........... 220 polybeams.................................... 67 twin profiles .........................84 transparency settings .............................. 239 copying and moving efficiently ......................................35 opening..........53 v values selecting from model ............................ 124 numbering history....................................21 user-defined attributes......................176 in sketching ......153 user-defined profiles ..................................................... 66 assemblies ................................................................................... 197 tiled surface treatment....... 95 adding ..............................................................189 vertical dimensions .................................................................................................steel parts.............................................................................................................................. 72 surface treatment ................................................................. 218 contour plates................................... 100 creating new tile patterns ............................................................39 switching between views ........................ 70..................................................................................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor ................................. 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ................................................................... 69.......214 twin profiles...............................36 view types.... 99 modifying............................................. 239 selecting values from model......................................................................................................................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses...............192 vertical position...... 97 tiled surface treatment................................................................. 168 strip footings ...................................38 overlapping.................................................................................78...37 view settings .. 242 right-hand rule .............................. 100 pattern definition example ...............................39 temporary .......................................................... 238 creating horizontal parts........................................... 97 on part face ..................................55 in numbering.173 views........................................... 101 pattern definitions............................239 properties ........................................... 240 defining default part properties..................................................................................................................36 moving........................170 models.............................................................................................................136 t testing sketched cross sections ........39 creating..215 viewing logical areas ....................................................... 98 on selected areas.. 219 curved beams............................................................................... 218 columns....61 view depth ........................... 71 bolting to existing assembly ............................. 238 modifying part length.......................................................................................128 visualizing project status............................................................................................................................................ 97 on chamfered parts ................66...........................................................................................35 deleting........................................................................ 68 orthogonal beams ................69...................................................................................................161 object types .....238 variables in parametric modeling ....................................... 241 placing objects ....................................................... 98 on cut faces..............................39 closing .............35 view planes.........36 visibility of objects......................................................................70...........128 view planes...................................... 237 finding RGB values for colors.................................................. 242 cutting efficiently...........................

..................................................................................................................................................... 25....................................27 restoring...............113 concrete parts..................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ........................................................................................................................................ 93.....................................28 shifting ...................................................................................................................113 concrete slabs ...........91 creating........120 with keyboard shortcuts ........w warping beams.........36 work area ....................................................... 91....................................................................................................... 128 defining ......................234 polygon welds..............................................................................................................................................................120 zooming in or out ...................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........... 114 welds..................231 welding sub-assemblies ......................................................................94 weld position..26 hiding ..................................91.......................94 weld size prefixes ..................................................93 single-part welds....................93 weld types............................................................92 weld preparation ..........27 workspace in Model Editor....................................................................................................................................................... 113..................... 229 between parts . 94 numbering.....................120 zoom settings.............................26 work plane...............................................72 wire frame views ...........................120 zoom window .................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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