Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

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........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... End offsets ... Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly ...............................................................................................................2 Moving a part using handles ........................................................................................................3 Creating a steel column................. 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................................................................................................................................................... Materials............................. User-defined profiles ............................. Levels ............................................................................ 3.................................... Using welds to create assemblies ...................................................................................................................................................... Creating a steel polybeam........................................................................................ Modifying the position of a part .................................................................................................... Rotation ............................................................................................................................. Position on the work plane ................................................................... Assembly hierarchy .... Part labels ..... Creating an orthogonal beam......................................................................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views ................................................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part ..................................................... Adding parts to an assembly ....................................................... Creating a contour plate ............................................................................................................................ Creating a round contour plate .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing part labels in a view .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a steel beam ......................................................... Bending .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a curved beam ......................................................................................................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies................................................................................................................. Creating a sub-assembly ...................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the material of a part ....................................................................................................... 66 Assemblies................ Colors ...................................................................................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .. 3....... Using bolts to create assemblies ........................................................................................................................... 3............................................................................................................... Vertical position ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Horizontal position ........4 Creating an assembly................................................................ User-defined attributes .............. Position depth ..................................................................................................................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ....................................... 57 Steel parts... Creating a twin profile............................................................................... Standard profiles ............................................................................................................................... Parametric profiles .........................................

................................................ Creating a concrete beam............................................................................................................ Changing the assembly main part .................................................................. Creating a single bolt ........................................................................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes ...... 3..... Creating a concrete column .................................... Highlighting objects in a cast unit........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Showing the top-in-form face ........................................................................................ Removing objects from an assembly ................................................ 81 4 Detailing Structures ............................... Highlighting objects in an assembly .................................................................................................. 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ........................................................................................... Changing or adding bolted parts .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolt offsets ........................................ Adding concrete objects to a cast unit .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a strip footing .................................................... Changing the main assembly ............................ 89 Creating round holes.......................................................................................................... 3............................................................................................................................................................................... Exploding a cast unit .................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing........................... Bolt group position ..................................................................................... 85 4...........................................6 Creating a cast unit ....................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit .................................................................. Defining the cast unit type............................. 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ..........2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes............................................................Joining assemblies ..................................................................................................................................... Exploding an assembly .................... Bolt group shape ............................................ 85 Creating a bolt group...................................................................................................................................................... Assembly examples ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 77 Cast units................................................................................................................................................................... Defining the casting direction of a part ............................................................. Adding objects to cast units ................................................................................. Creating a round slab ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel ..........................................................................................................1 Bolts............................... 4.................................................................................................... Creating a concrete polybeam .................................................... Changing the cast unit main part ... Removing objects from a cast unit . Casting direction ..............................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................... Fittings....................................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties .............................................................................. 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Weld preparation ......... Creating a weld to a part .......................... 100 Creating new tile patterns .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Cutting parts with another part ................................................................................... Warping concrete parts ........... Creating a polygon weld................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part .......................................................................................................... Chamfering part corners ................................................................................. Polybeam chamfers ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Creating new surface treatment options...................................................... 103 Tile pattern elements .................................................................. Cuts .................................. Chamfering part edges ............................................................................................................................................................. Weld position ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ..................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ......................................................................................... 100 Example pattern definition ........................................................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Weld size prefixes ........... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ..................................................................................................................................................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ................................................................ 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Polygon cuts .. 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ....... 101 Tile pattern definitions ... Cutting parts with a polygon .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Welds .................................................................... 90 4........................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment............................................................ Manually preparing a part for welding .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4................................................................................................................... 104 Chamfers... Line cuts ....................................................... Warping a beam using deformation angles ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts.............................. Creating a fitting .........4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment................................................................. Modifying the shape of a polygon...............................................................Creating oversized holes.................................. 104 4......................................... Part cuts ........................................................................ 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ................................................................................................................................................................. Cutting parts with a line ........................................................

............................................................................................. 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ......................... 5.................................................................................................................................................... Representation options ................................................................................................................................. 117 4........... 119 5.......................................................................................................................................................................... Showing parts with exact lines ....................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving the model........................................ 118 Splitting a plate or slab..........................2 Inquiring object properties...... Cambering parts............................................................................................................................................................................. 116 Attaching a part to another part........................3 Defining which objects are displayed ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Shortening and lengthening parts .................................. 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ..................... 116 Combining two parts into one....................................................................................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers .......................................... 119 Zooming the model ........... Zooming with Magnifier ................ Lengthening a part in drawings ................................................. Cambering a part ............................................................ Showing and hiding assemblies...................................................................................................................... 4............................................................................ Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Hiding selected parts............................................................................................................................ Modifying the zoom settings ...........................................................................................................1 Viewing the model ........................................................... Shortening a part in drawings .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 5 Examining the Model............................................................................................ Printing a screenshot .................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ................................ Hiding unselected parts................................................................................................................................................ 126 Showing and hiding objects .. Flying through the model................. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ......................................... Rotating the model .........................................................................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts............................. Creating a screenshot........................................................................................... Creating a clip plane ....7 Splitting parts ................................................ 5.................................................................................................................. Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool .................................................................. Object property report templates ........................................ Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................................................. Saving a screenshot in bitmap format ......................................................

...................................................... 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ........................................................................................................................................... Copying an object group to another model ............. 5.......................................... 153 6................................................................................. Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ................................................................................................................................................. 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................... Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ............................ Example: Defining an erection schedule ...........4 Creating a visualization ....................................................................................................................................................... Measuring distances ............Showing and hiding components ............. 151 What affects numbering ... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule .............................................................................. Creating object representation settings ............................................................................................................................ 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status....................................... 152 Identical parts ............................................................................................ Example: Creating visualization settings ......................................... Deleting visualization settings .................................................................... 152 Identical reinforcements ..................................................... Deleting an object group ...................................................................................................................................................... Comparing parts or assemblies................................................................ Deleting object representation settings ....................................................................................................................................... 142 6 Numbering the Model..............................2 What is numbering ......... Creating an object group .... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ................................................................................................... Measuring angles ............................................................................................ Copying object representation settings to another model ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Measuring objects ........................................................................................................................................................................................... Object representation settings................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Detecting clashes ................................ Copying visualization settings to another model ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 6........... 151 6................. 135 Checking the model .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Clash Check Manager .................... Finding distant objects....... 5.......................................... Example: Creating object groups ......3 Defining numbering series ................................................................. Measuring bolt spacing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ............................................ 153 Planning your numbering series..................................................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings .................................................... Finding clashes in a model ................................ Object groups ......

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Changing the family number of an object ..................................................................................................... Control numbers......................................... 161 Numbering examples..................................................................... Clearing numbers.................................................................................................................................................. Overlapping numbering series ................. 161 Repairing numbering errors ................................................................................................... Creating object type categories.......................................................................................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects..................... 167 Creating logical areas .................................................................................................................................. 167 7..................................................................................................................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers.......... Checking the sequence of a part .......... 171 7................................................................... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 .................................................................................................. Locking and unlocking control numbers ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Numbering selected part types .....................................1 Organizing the model............................................................................................................................................. 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling....................... 172 173 173 173 173 7................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6....6 6................................................ Creating a standard-part model .... Numbering reinforcements............................ Assigning control numbers to parts .................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories ................................................................................................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases........................................... 171 Dividing the model into phases .................................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part...... 156 Viewing the numbering history.................................................. 7.............................Family numbers........................................................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories........... Assembly position numbers ............................................... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Lotting ............................. Adding parts to a sequence ................................................................................................................................ 171 Custom phase properties ................ Changing numbers.............................................................................................................................. 172 Creating a sequence .....................5 6.................................. 162 Example: Numbering identical beams................................................................................................................................................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ................................................ Deleting logical areas and object type categories.... Deleting a sequence ............ Assigning family numbers ............................................................ Example: Using family numbers......................................3 Sequences............... 6................................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................... Deleting a constraint .. Reverting to default positioning planes .......................................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ............................... Adding a parallel constraint ............................... Adding a perpendicular constraint ...... Cross section extrusion types .......................................................................................................................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Part positioning planes ............................................................. Moving positioning plane handles ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a lot ............................................................................................................................. 7................................................................ Deleting a lot ................................................................................................................................................ Sketching the outline of a cross section .................................. Modifying a sketched cross section.................................................................................................................................................................................. Variables ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Deleting a dimension from a sketch ......................... Sketching a circle ........... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section...................... Sketch Browser .............................................................. Modifying chamfers in a sketch ................................................................................................................... Adding a fixed constraint .................................................. Removing parts from a lot .................................................................................................................................................................... Connection positioning planes ........................................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 7................................................... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ................................................................................................................................ Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Setting the sketch thickness ..... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ........ 176 Sketched cross sections ..... Adding a coincident constraint ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Checking a sketched cross section ......................................................................................Creating a lot ............................................................................. Sketching a polyline ..............................................................................................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling .................................................. Saving a sketched cross section .............................. Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ........................................ Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ................................. Adding a vertical constraint ................................. Adding a horizontal constraint .... Moving positioning planes .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................. 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures .............................................................. Sketching an arc ..............................................................

.................................................................................................................................1 General settings......................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings................. Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ................................................................................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections .......................................................................................................................................................................4 Detail properties............................................................ Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ........................................................... Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section .................................. 229 Weld types ..................................................................................................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections .......... Exporting sketched cross sections .................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete column properties .......................................... Concrete panel properties................................................................................................ Rotation settings ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Bolt properties.............................................................................................................. Steel beam properties ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8................................................................ Contour plate properties......................... Example: Using the cross section in a model ................................. Creating an image of a sketched cross section ...... 215 View properties ....... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section..................................................................................................................................................................................... Twin profile properties.............................................................................................................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings. Strip footing properties ................ 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ................ Concrete slab properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8............................3 Part properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 217 Steel column properties .............................................................................................. Transparency settings... Pad footing properties.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 211 8.............................................................. Grid line properties.................................................................................... 215 Grid view properties ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness ...... Point properties ........................................................................................................................................................ Concrete beam properties.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 216 8......................................................................................... 211 Grid properties .. Color settings ....... Screenshot settings..........................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ............................................................................................................................... 227 Weld properties ............................................................... Orthogonal beam properties .............................................. 215 Display settings .............

........................................... Hiding cut lines in a view ......... 232 8................................................... 233 General numbering settings ............................................................................................................................ 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................. 237 Defining default part properties ..........................................................................................................................................................................1 General modeling tips .................................................. 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips.......................................................................................................................................................... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .........Corner chamfer properties .... Modeling identical areas............................................................................ Right-hand rule............................................ Finding RGB values for colors.........................................................................................................................................................................................5 Numbering settings ................................................ 235 9 Modeling Tips ............................................................................................ 234 Control number settings ..........................................................................2 Modifying part length ........... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ......................................................................................................................................................................... Activating an overlapping view ............................................. Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern............................................................. Copying and moving efficiently............................................................ 237 9..... Selecting values from the model ........................................................................................................................................................................ 9............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cutting efficiently ...................................................................... 232 Edge chamfer properties ................................................................ Creating horizontal parts ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 233 Weld numbering settings..........................................................................................

create. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. 16) Opening a model (p. 17) Model templates (p. such as reports and NC data files. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. you can create a real-life model of any structure. 17) Saving a model (p.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . as they react to modifications in the model. 18) 1.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. 15) Creating a new model (p. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. and save models in Tekla Structures. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

19

20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

29) Views (p.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 33) Construction objects (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. 42) Reference models (p. 28) Grids (p. When you open or create a model. 43) 2. a new window appears on the screen. 21) Work area (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 27) Coordinate system (p. 25) Work plane (p. Initially.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 40) Points (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. the icons and available menu options will become active. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 .

and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p.The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1.. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. > Model View. Finding RGB values for colors (p. To use the default background color. 2. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.. set the same value for all four corners of the background.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 239) Background color examples (p. and so on. leave the advanced option fields empty. 3. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 .

0 1.0 1.0 0.0 Result 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .RGB values 1.2 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.

239) 2.8 0.6 0.0 1.0 1.8 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.6 1.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.7 0.3 0.7 0. dashed lines.0 0.0 0.2 0.7 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .RGB values 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 1.0 Result 0.0 0.0 0.

set the advanced option to FALSE. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. This can be useful. 4. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. 5. Objects outside the work area still exist.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. For more information on each command. or in all visible views. for example. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click OK or Apply. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. Work area (p. To define the work area: 1. or size the work area to include selected parts. To make the box visible again. 26) Hiding the work area (p. > Model View. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. 1. Click View > Redraw All. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. 3. To make the work area visible again. click View > Redraw All again. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. You can define the work area in a selected view. but they are not visible.. you can hide the green work area box.. 2. when creating screenshots for presentations. See also Work area (p. Alternatively. for example. Tekla Structures hides the work area. See also Defining the work area (p. or all model objects. 2.

or on a part or view plane. which can be used for positioning parts. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. part positioning. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. 2. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. parallel to one of the global basic planes. When modeling sloped parts. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. The work plane also has its own grid. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. so it is the same in all views. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 28) Right-hand rule (p. For example creating points. See also Shifting the work plane (p. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. 3. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. To shift the work plane: 1. For more information on each command. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane.2. which is the local coordinate system of the model. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. To display the work plane grid. For example. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. The current work plane is model-specific. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar.

. Click OK. See also Work plane (p.0. To restore the default work plane: 1. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. Set Plane to XY. 2... 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 3. 239) 2. y. 2.See also Work plane (p. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. Set Depth coordinate to 0. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. > Model View.0 0. to change the color to red. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 3.. 4. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 4. For example.0 0. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. set the value to 1. Click Change. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. Work plane (p.

the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 27) View types (p.In wire frame views. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. 36) 2. See also Work plane (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines.

. 29) Grid coordinates (p. Modify the grid properties. If you do not pick a point. See also Creating a grid (p. and Z0. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. 31) Grid properties (p. Y0. 5. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. Grids (p. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. 0 4000 4000. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. Optional: When prompted. See also Click Create. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. 2. You can also create grids manually. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. Y0. 30) Grid labels (p. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. 4. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. 31) Changing the grid color (p. and Z0. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. 3. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. 0 2*4000. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. See also Creating a grid (p. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. 30) Coordinate system (p. 31) Deleting a grid (p. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. For example. For example. 30) Modifying a grid (p. Click Modeling > Create Grid. To manually create a grid: 1. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .You can have more than one grid in a model. The z coordinates are absolute. 31) Grid lines (p.. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative.

not the grid. is selected. 2. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. If you have also other objects selected. When you delete a grid. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. you can leave the label fields empty. Modify the grid properties. The Grid dialog box appears. See also Grids (p. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. is selected. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 4. Grids (p. See also Grids (p. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 29) Creating a grid (p. See also Click Modify to save the changes. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. 29) Grid properties (p. 3. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. If you wish. 2.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. When working with very large grids. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane.

You can use handles to move the grid lines. 3.0 0. 3. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR. Click OK. set the value to 1. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. For example. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. See also Grids (p. to change the color to red. the handles appear in magenta. See also Grids (p. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. 2. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. 4. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. 4. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p.1.0. Single grid lines have handles. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .. When you select a grid line. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1.0 0. > Model View. 2. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to.. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. Pick the end point of the grid line. Pick the starting point of the grid line.

For example. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. Click Modify to save the changes. See also is selected. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears.See also Grid lines (p. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . 32) Grid line properties (p. 2. 4. 32) 2. Modify the grid line properties. not the grid line. See also Grid lines (p. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. If you also have other objects selected. is selected. 3. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 3. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. Grid lines (p. When you delete a grid line. 2. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location.

38) Deleting a view (p. See also Creating a view (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 38) Modifying a view (p. 39) Refreshing views (p. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. which is useful for different tasks. 39) Arranging views (p. 35) Opening a view (p. create a 3D view of the part. plane.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 38) Switching between open views (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. This places the part in the center of the view. and elevation views provide different types of information.

3.If you are working with two screens. 2. When you exit the model. c See also Click Modify. b Type a unique name in the Name field. If several users have different views with the same name. Views (p. or the view will not be saved for later use. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. For more information on each command. Optional: Save the view. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. 215) About naming views (p. Select a view command from the View menu. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. See also Views (p. which have a default name in parentheses. 36) View planes (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. disappear when you close them. 36) Creating grid views (p. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. 35) View types (p. it is very important to give views unique names. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. In multi-user mode. 33) View settings (p. See also Creating a view (p. Temporary views. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip.

xz. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Points that are located outside the view plane are red. and zy). In the basic plane view. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. It does not appear in the plane name. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. • See also Creating a view (p. 35) Representation options (p. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. In basic views. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy.

Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Pick the end point of the translation vector. Other views For view types other than basic views. To move the view plane: 1. When you move a view plane. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. 2. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. depending on the creation method. If the Move . 5. Click the view. or enter its coordinates. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. See also View planes (p. 4. or enter its coordinates.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. from the pop-up menu. Moving a view plane (p.. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. or the points are defined automatically. 37) Creating a view (p. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Click Move. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . 3. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis.. The view plane coordinate equals this distance.

To open multiple views. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. Before you start. Click Modify. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. 3. The Views dialog box appears. Views (p. check how many views you have open. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists.. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. Tekla Structures displays a warning.. Click View > View List. how it will name the views. 2. 4. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1.. and which view properties it will use. If you try to open more than nine views. If the view does not appear. create a view that contains a grid. Modify the grid properties. The Views dialog box appears. 33) View settings (p. or double-click a view to open it. 3. Modify the view properties. 2. See also Views (p. 5.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 2. See also Creating a view (p.. and all visible views on the right. 35) Grid view properties (p. To create grid views: 1. Click Create. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left.. Select the grid. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.

select an option from the Angle list box. and all visible views on the right. In the View Properties dialog box. Click View > View List. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. On the Window menu.1. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. and then click Modify. The Views dialog box appears. 33) Switching between open views (p. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. select a view from the list. 3. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view.. Click Delete. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. Views (p. Views (p. Select the view you want to delete. Click View > Redraw All. See also Views (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 2.. Views (p.. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. To delete multiple views.

See also Creating a construction plane (p. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. select the Magnetic check box. Tile Horizontally. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 5. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 6. For example. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. 2. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. 33) 2. See also Views (p. 40) Creating a construction line (p. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. Click View > Close All. lines. When you move the plane. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. 4. You cannot use the Cascade. They do not appear in drawings. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. For example. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Click the middle mouse button. Type a name for the plane. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. 3.To arrange the views. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. Tekla Structures draws the plane. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. Pick four points.7 Construction objects Construction planes. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. and circles help you place other objects. Double-click the plane in the model.

See also Construction objects (p. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. Pick the end point of the construction line. 2. Click Modify. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. Pick the starting point of the construction line. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . b Select the Magnetic check box. 2. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. c Click Modify.7. 4. 3. See also Construction objects (p. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. See also Construction objects (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command. a Double-click the line in the model. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line.

42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. see the corresponding menu tooltip. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. 42) Importing points (p. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. Create a point import file. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. 42) Point properties (p. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. 2. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. See also Creating a point (p.8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. To import points from a file: 1. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. Points (p. When you create points. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. For more information on each command.2. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

b Save the file. See also Inserting a reference model (p. During the import process. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. For example: 100. 7. a plant design model. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*.dxf) AutoCAD (*. *.dgn. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 .IFC) IGES files (*. an architectural model. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. Type the ASCII file name. 6.rop. *. If you do not specify the path. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. Type point in the Search field and click Search.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. or a heating. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. Click Create.700.1500 2.dwg) MicroStation (*.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point.igs. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. See also Points (p. 4. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p.3dd) IFC files (*. 3. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).prp) Cadmatic models (*.500. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model.1000 300. 42) 2. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. Include the full path and the file extension. For example. 5. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.

if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example.. 3. the file does not exist. 5.. 7. Click File > Insert Reference Model. Modify the properties and then click Modify. Check the work plane position.. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 2. 45) Viewing reference model layers (p..Updating reference models (p. 3. 4. Open a Tekla Structures model.. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. 2. button to browse for the reference model file. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. 6. see Adding properties. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. If you do not define a reference model file to use. Click File > Reference Model List. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Reference models (p. 4. Click the Browse. or you forget to click Apply.. 46) Reference model objects (p. Click User-defined attributes. Set the scale of the reference model. if it uses different measurement units). For more information on user-defined attributes.inp file.

Reference models (p. 2..3dd) WebViewer (. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. Reference models (p. but the changes are rarely documented. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. Select a reference model from the list. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. 2..xml) 3D DWG (. 2. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. 2. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. To update all reference models: 1.. See also Reference models (p... See also Reference models (p. Click File > Reference Model List. Click File > Reference Model List.. To highlight a reference model: 1.ifc) Cadmatic (. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. switch.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. See also Click File > Reference Model List. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. Click Reload all. you can highlight them. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache.

This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model.. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. 3. select Inserted to see the added objects. 4. button next to the Old file name field. 2. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. Click Display. Double-click the reference model.To view changes in a reference model: 1. To view reference model layers: 1. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. See also Reference models (p.. For example. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. Double-click the reference model. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. 53) User-defined profiles (p. Open the Select Profile dialog box.. 53) Parametric profiles (p. 2. A parametric profile. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 51) Steel parts (p. When you create or modify a part. button next to the Profile field. parametric. 52) Standard profiles (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. click the Select. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. and user-defined profiles.. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. • For steel parts. Icon Description A standard profile. 66) Concrete parts (p.

but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. For concrete parts. See also Profiles (p. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. Click Modify. /. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. Click Apply or OK. If you select a parametric profile. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. the profile catalog contains standard. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. • To see all the properties of profiles. • To select a recently used profile. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures.• 3. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . and *. See also Profiles (p. 6. select the Show details check box. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. See also Profiles (p. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. For example. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. See also Profiles (p. environmentspecific profiles. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. Select a profile from the list. select the Show all profiles check box. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. click the button next to the Shape field. use the Profile name list box. By default. • 5. 4. X. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. so you should not edit them. You can add profiles to the profile catalog.

Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. partial safety factors. • To see all the properties of materials. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. 5. select the Show details check box. 2.Materials When you create or modify a part. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. Click Modify. Click Apply or OK. Poisson’s ratio. they can be former names. and thermal dilatation coefficient. including the modulus of elasticity.. next to the Material field. For example. • 4. or names used in different countries or standards. For example. 3. such as strengths.. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. 6. Select a material from the list. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. See also Materials (p. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. and so on. The Select Material dialog box appears. porosity. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. select the Show aliases check box. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click Select. or country-specific properties. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis.

Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. or in projects. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings.. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. Attributes can consist of numbers.. or lists. text. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. When drawings of the parts are created.

Click Display.. Tension. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties...4 Connection code Can be used. See also Part properties (p. and Moment User field 1.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear.. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. user-defined attributes. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. To protect objects from being accidentally changed. 4. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p... 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. 2. go to the Advanced tab. See also Part properties (p. User-defined fields. Select the Part label check box. In the Display dialog box. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. 3. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box.

2 Part position When you create a part. the rest are magenta. If Drag and Drop is switched on. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . When you select a part. you position it by picking points. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. 56) 3. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. Part labels (p. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. a Select a property in the Properties list. See also Moving a part using handles (p. 58) Part positioning tips (p. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. 6. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. 3. 2. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. just drag the part to a new position. Move the part like any other object. Select the part. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. for example. Click Modify. b Click Add. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. See also Part position (p. Tekla Structures displays the handles. Select the handles. The points form the part reference line. The Part label dialog box appears. c Enter the attribute name and click OK.5. The handle of the first end point is yellow. 7.

To change the rotation angle. The object moves in the model accordingly. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. To change the Angle. See also Click View > View Properties. 2. to open the Display dialog box. 4.. modify the desired position settings. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. 3. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. For example. Click Modify and OK. Click and drag to select a position. select the Part reference line check box. Click in the Mini Toolbar. Click Display. Modify the settings. enter a value in the corresponding box. Part position (p. Click Modify.. On the Advanced tab. 3. Plane offset. • • • To change the overall position of the part. Hold down Shift to override this. On the Position tab.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1.. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. use the round selection dial. or Depth offset.. 2. See also Position on the work plane (p. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. 2. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

To do this. 60) Vertical position (p.Rotation (p. 59) Position depth (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . 62) End offsets (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 61) Horizontal position (p. 63) Levels (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. 64) Bending (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . perpendicular to the work plane.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 . relative to its reference point. 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference point.

relative to its reference line. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. You can enter positive and negative values.

64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . not at the level you picked. relative to the picked point. you can enter the positions of the part ends. Use to define the position of the second end.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). To position the upper columns correctly. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. you must modify their bottom level position. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. In this example.

you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. You can also define the plane of curvature. Alternatively. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. which is relative to the current work plane. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. for example a curved beam. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 .Top level = 1000. the less angular the part appears. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. you need to specify the number of segments.

66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the steel column properties. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 58) 3. 66) Creating a steel beam (p. See also Creating a steel column (p. 3. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. Pick the position of the column. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Click the Create column icon. 2. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts.

218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Click the Create beam icon. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . 3. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. See also Steel beam properties (p. You can also create bent plates with this command. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. See also Steel column properties (p. Click the Create polybeam icon. To create a steel polybeam: 1. Pick the end point. 2. Pick the starting point. 3. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 218) Levels (p. 2. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. 4.

Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 3. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Pick a point on the arc (2). The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Click the Create curved beam icon. 4. 218) Bending (p. 2. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 106) Steel beam properties (p. Pick the starting point again. 5. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. See also Steel beam properties (p. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Optional: To create curved segments. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 4. Pick the starting point (1). or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. 5. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 2. Click the Create contour plate icon.4. Pick the end point (3). 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To create a contour plate: 1. 3. Pick the starting point.

69) Contour plate properties (p. 6. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 4. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. from the list box. 7. 219) Chamfers (p. 3. 2. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1.. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. See also Creating a contour plate (p. 2.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. Click Modify.. Select the plate. 3. 68) Contour plate properties (p. Pick the position of the beam. 5.

You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. 2. 3. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 4. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. Pick the starting point. See also Twin profile properties (p. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 221) 3. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. See also Creating an assembly (p. By default. To create a twin steel profile: 1. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. or by joining assemblies together. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. Pick the end point. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. You can change the main part in an assembly.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together.

As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 3. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 76) Assembly examples (p. 2. 2. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Creating an assembly (p. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. Assemblies (p. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active.Exploding an assembly (p. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. Assemblies (p. 3. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1.

To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. select As sub-assembly. 5. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. select As sub-assembly. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. You can create workshop welds and site welds.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 2. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. When you connect assemblies. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 6. 7. In the Connect part/assembly list box. 3. In the Connect part/assembly list box. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. Pick the bolt group origin. Using welds to create assemblies (p. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. 3. 4. 4. 2. 5. 6. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. Click Apply or OK. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Click Apply or OK.

73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. from single parts and bolts. See also Assemblies (p. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 74) Joining assemblies (p. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. To work with nested assemblies. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. through the basic and sub-assemblies. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 75) Changing the main assembly (p.

Select the assembly to add to. for all assembly levels. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. 4. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. 2. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 3. Select the part you want to add. 3. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 4. and still produce dimensions. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. marks. Select the assembly to add to. fabrication information. etc.

You can change the main assembly at any time. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. See also Changing the main assembly (p. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Assemblies (p. 2. 2. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. Select the assemblies you want to join. Select the new main part. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. Tekla Structures changes the main part. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. 2. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. c Select the assembly. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. 2. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 3. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 4. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. See also Select the new main assembly. Select a part that belongs to an assembly.

and then attached to the column in another workshop. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly.main part Concrete . The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. 2. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. • To only explode the sub-assembly.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column.main part Steel part . always starting from the highest level. To explode an assembly: 1. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Assemblies (p.

and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. See also Creating a pad footing (p. Assemblies (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p.Drawing 2. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 .

Double-click the end point. 2. 2. Pick the pad footing position. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. See also Pad footing properties (p. 3. 5. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 4. chamfer the corners of the footing. Click the Create pad footing icon. Click the Create strip footing icon. Pick the position of the column. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties.Creating a concrete slab (p. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. 3. 3. See also Strip footing properties (p. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. Click the Create concrete column icon. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 2. Optional: To create curved segments.

2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . 5. Pick the starting point. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 2. 4. Optional: To create curved segments. Double-click the end point.See also Concrete column properties (p. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. 3. Click the Create concrete beam icon. 4. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. Pick the end point. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 3. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. See also Concrete beam properties (p. To create a concrete polybeam: 1.

6. 5. To create a concrete slab: 1. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. from the list box. 4. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. Click Modify. 2. 3. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 5. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 80) Concrete slab properties (p. See also Creating a round slab (p. Pick the starting point. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 7. 4. Pick the corner points of the slab. Pick the starting point again. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 3. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 106) Concrete beam properties (p.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 2. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Select the slab.

You can change the main part in a cast unit.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. 3. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. 225) Chamfers (p. 5. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. as well as concrete parts. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 4. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. chamfer the corners of the panel. See also Creating a cast unit (p.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. Cast units can include reinforcement. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. Double-click the end point. Optional: To create curved segments. For example. 2. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. each part is considered a separate cast unit. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. By default. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 104) 3.

Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 83) Casting direction (p. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. such as steel parts and insulation. Select the new main part. 2. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 2. 4. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. 2. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. 3. Select an object in the cast unit.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. Adding objects to cast units (p. 3. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 4. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 3. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. 2. Cast units (p. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 3. See also Cast units (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Adding objects to cast units (p. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. Select the objects you want to add.

Cast units (p.main part Steel part . Click Modify to save the changes. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. select Precast or Cast in place. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Go to the Cast unit tab. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. Cast units (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Cast units (p. Select the objects you want to remove. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. 3. In the Cast unit type list box. 2.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . 4.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 .main part Concrete . 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. 2. 2. 2. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From.

Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. 2. To hide the top-in-form face again. 3. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. See also Cast units (p. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. See also Select a concrete part. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. Casting direction (p. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. 2. Select a concrete part. See also Casting direction (p.

95) Fine-tuning part shape (p. 104) Combining parts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. 89) Welds (p. 117) 4. 116) Splitting parts (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 85) Holes (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p.1 Bolts To create bolts.

86) Bolt group position (p. See also Apply a component. 5. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. Pick a point. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. Explode the component. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 3. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. which is the bolt group origin. 7. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. 87) Bolt offsets (p. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Select the main part. 2. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. Bolts (p. 3. washers. and nuts) while creating holes. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. 227) Bolt group shape (p. Select the secondary parts. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. 2. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. See also Creating a bolt group (p.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. 6. 4. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. Modify the bolt group. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 85) Bolt properties (p.

86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . from the bolt group point of origin. y coordinate of each bolt. x coordinate of each bolt. in the x direction of the bolt group. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. Diameter of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. Number of bolts. in the y direction of the bolt group.

Bolts (p. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. 3. 85) Bolt properties (p. 2. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. relative to the bolt group x axis. type 0. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. select Array from the Shape list box. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. 5. Click Apply to save the changes. Follow the instructions on the status bar. The starting point values Dx. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. 4. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. Under Bolt group.

Follow the instructions on the status bar. 3. If you do not want to create any bolts. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. reselect the main and secondary parts. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . To create round holes: 1. Click Apply to save the changes. 2. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Before creating holes. See also Bolts (p. When prompted. Holes (p. 5. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. 4. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 85) 4.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes.1. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. Optional: Modify the hole properties.

Follow the instructions on the status bar. See also Click Apply to save the changes. 5. 3. If you do not want to create any bolts. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . In the Hole type list box. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. To indicate which parts should be slotted. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. For example. 2. Holes (p. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. 8. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. 4. select Slotted.

89) Creating a bolt group (p. select Oversized. 6. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 2. without connecting any other parts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. 3. this is the main part of the assembly. Optional: Modify the weld properties. or use a component that automatically creates welds. Select the part to weld to. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. 94) Weld preparation (p. In the Oversize field. Select the part to be welded. 7. If you do not want to create any bolts. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. 5. Click Apply to save the changes. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. 86) 4. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 3. 2. Holes (p. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. If you are creating a workshop weld. In the Hole type list box.1. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. 4. If you are creating a workshop weld. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually.

The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. or z). See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. Example The following image shows welds in different positions. 91) Weld properties (p. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. 229) Weld position (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. y. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 .Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. this is the main part of the assembly. Pick the starting and end point. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. this is the secondary part of the assembly. pick the points you want the weld to go through. Select the part to be welded. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 2. If you are creating a workshop weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. 3. Select the part to weld to. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. 4. or alternatively. 5.

To prevent automatic weld preparation. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. 2. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. pick the points you want the weld to go through. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 3. 4. 2. See also Welds (p. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. without connecting any other parts: 1. Select the part that you want to cut. use the SPD profile. Select the part that you want to weld. or alternatively. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. See also Welds (p.See also Welds (p. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. or apply a component that does it automatically. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. Pick the starting and end point. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. you change the size of a part). Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part.g.3. 94) 4. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. surface mixes. When you create overlapping surface treatments.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. Select the cutting part. for example. and tiles.

Click the Select. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. In the At depth list box. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p.. The options are Middle. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 2. In the Surface treatment name list box. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . and Behind. select the specific surface treatment. select the type of surface treatment to use. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. to select a material from the catalog. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. b On the Pattern tab. In the Type list box. select the location of the surface treatment. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p.. See also Surface treatment (p.. Front. 5. See also Surface treatment (p. 6.. 4. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 8. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. 9. 7. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 3.

Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. 2. 4. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. 3. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. b Select the part face. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 2. 3. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 4. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. 2. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 3. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Pick the direction. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. b Select the part face. 2.

96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. left. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part.5. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. or right). pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. bottom. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer.

96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users.. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. To create new surface treatment options: 1. Open the product_finishes. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. The file is located in the .dat file using any text editor. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.

b Define a code for the surface treatment option. 100) Example pattern definition (p. For example. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users.. MF for Magnesium Float. See also Add rows to define new options. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. Magnesium Float.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. 1 for concrete finish. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". Open the TilePatternCatalog. 4. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. Save the file. The file is located in the . a Define the surface treatment type. Surface treatment (p. For example. 2. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. For example. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns.xml file using any text editor. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . c Define the full name of the surface treatment option.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. See also Surface treatment (p.

3. 100) Example pattern definition (p.xml file. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. Other elements are optional. 4. and then modify it to suit your needs. Save the TilePatternCatalog. Tiled surface treatment (p. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 .xml file. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.

You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. starting from the origin of the surface treatment.xml file.

xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. Located in the . TilePatternCatalog.. For example.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. Filenames identify the pattern types. Located in the .dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. herringbone. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p..xml file. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 . Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder.

defined from the origin of the pattern. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. practical. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. 115) Combining parts (p. At least one required. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Required. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). Required. Optional. Optional. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. concrete slabs. Tile pattern element. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. 108) Cuts (p. and manufacturing reasons. See also Chamfers (p. Required. steel and concrete polybeams. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. and concrete panels). 104) Fittings (p. Required. 100) 4. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. The origin of an individual tile. 116) Splitting parts (p. 113) Cambering parts (p. Optional. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. Color of the tile or mortar.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. Optional. In Tekla Structures. you can chamfer part corners and part edges.

Click Modify. Chamfers (p. 3. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. You can modify the default chamfers. 2. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. 5. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Modify the chamfer properties. which does not change the geometry of the part. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 4. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. See also Select the part.

x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. You can modify the default chamfers.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges.

2. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. 4. 3.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. See also Chamfering part corners (p. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. 5. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. Optional: Modify the chamfer. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . Select the part you want to chamfer. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. b Modify the chamfer properties.

A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 3. c Click OK. 4. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. 2. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. and so on.6. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 104) Creating a fitting (p. details. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. perpendicular to the view plane. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. which makes it easier to create connections. 232) Chamfers (p. which passes through the cutting line you pick.

Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. For more information on how to change this. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. see Fittings affect NC data. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. You must create cuts in a plane view. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. In situations like this. See also Fittings (p. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p.

111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. for example. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. This can be useful. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. You can cut parts that already have cuts.

2. 5. Pick the side you want to remove. 5. 3. For example. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. Select the part you want to cut. Pick the first point of the cutting line. Select the part you want to cut. To cut a part with a line: 1. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. See also Cuts (p. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 109) Polygon cuts (p. 4. 109) Line cuts (p. 4. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. To close the polygon. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 2. 3.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. Cuts (p. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . Pick the second point of the cutting line. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1.

3. 3. The part cut does not affect other parts. and strip footings. Delete the cutting part. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. 4. Select the part you want to modify. 3). create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. To cut a part with another part: 1. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. 4. contour plates. 2. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Select the cutting part. 2. Pick the corner to remove (5). b Select the cutting part and press Delete. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. Pick an existing corner (1). See also Cuts (p. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Pick another existing corner (4).Cutting parts with another part Before you start. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. 5. concrete panels. 109) Part cuts (p. Alternatively. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. concrete slabs. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. 6.

2. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 2. Fine-tuning part shape (p. Modify the chamfer properties. 4. For example. 5. use the dz2 field. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Move the chamfers. See also Warping concrete parts (p. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. 6. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. use the dz1 field. • 3.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. 3. relative to the part reference line. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. In the Start field. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. Click Modify to warp the slab. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Modify to warp the beam. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. relative to the part reference line. Go to the Deforming tab. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . In the End field.

7. Select the chamfer you want to move. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3.Linear dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. For example. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. For example. Click Move. 5. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. 8. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. See also Warping concrete parts (p. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. In the Move . To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. 2. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. 4.4. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. type a value in the appropriate direction field. 6. To see the warping angle of a single slab. and go to the Deforming tab. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. which warps the slabs. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on.

Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. In the Cambering field. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction.See also Warping concrete parts (p. 4. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. When drawings are created. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. skews. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. Click Modify. define the degree of camber. and embeds in the model. Cambering affects the position of cuts. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. 104) Cambering a part (p. in other words. Go to the Deforming tab. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. 2. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. including the template output. 3. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . Cambering parts (p.

Go to the Deforming tab. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. enter a negative value. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. 115) 4. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. 3. In the Shortening field. Go to the Deforming tab. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. In the Shortening field. See also Combining two parts into one (p. Click Modify.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. define the degree of shortening. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 2. 2. 4. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. Click Modify.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 3. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. For example. 4. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. When you select the parts you want to combine. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.

When you combine parts. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. 116) 4. 2. You cannot split polybeams. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. 3.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. Combining parts (p. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. Click Edit > Combine. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. curved beams without offsets. 3. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . See also Combining parts (p. Select the part you want to attach.1. Select the second part. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. You can use splitting with straight parts. 2. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. Select the part to attach to. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. Select the first part.

When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. check the result after splitting. See also Splitting parts (p. If you split contour plates that have bolts. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. 2. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. and on the same side of the part. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. Click Edit > Split. Splitting parts (p. Select the part you want to split. See also Click Edit > Split. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. Select the part you want to split. 2. 3. Pick a point for the dividing line. 3. welds or surface treatments.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. 4.

135) Checking the model (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p. or a combination of both.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 119) Rotating the model (p. You can use a mouse. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 122) Flying through the model (p. or pull out for a wider view. 128) Visualizing project status (p. See also Zooming the model (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. you can move and rotate the model. 142) 5. and backward to zoom out. 121) Moving the model (p. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. Scroll forward to zoom in. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area.

d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. • See also To zoom out. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms.If you do not have a wheel mouse. For more information on each command. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. Open a wire frame view of the model. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. press Page Up. If this option is off. press Page Down. 2. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. c Click Modify. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. Create a zoom window. select Wire frame. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. See also Viewing the model (p. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Zooming the model (p. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. 2. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. Place the mouse pointer over the model. b In the View type list box.

As you move the pointer in the general view. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. Click the Magnifier icon. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. 4.e 3. To change the level of magnification. and then drag the pointer to size the window. In wire frame views. To rotate the model. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. Click a starting corner for the zoom window. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . menu commands. See also Zooming the model (p. keyboard shortcuts. zoom in and out in the zoom window.

Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. 213) Viewing the model (p. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. See also Rotation settings (p. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. and then pick a position in the view. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Press Ctrl + R.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. For more information on each command. press v. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 3. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Pick a position in the view. 3. Click Modify. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. To relocate the center of rotation. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 2. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model.

> Model View. down. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . Move the model using the Pan command 1. You can also adjust the field of view setting. • To change the flying direction. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. 3. select Perspective.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Click View > Fly. or Shift+M. c Click Modify. 2. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. To change the camera angle. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 2. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. scroll with the mouse wheel. To stop panning. you can travel through a model.. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. Select a view. 5. c Click OK. To activate the middle button pan. left and right arrows on the keyboard. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. 2. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. 4. Use the up. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. 3.. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. b In the Projection list box. • • To move up or down. drag the mouse in the desired direction. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. Set view projection to Perspective. press Esc. To fly through a model: 1.

brochures. Click View > Create Clip Plane. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. To finish creating clip planes.. press Esc. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. view. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. See also To delete a clip plane. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. To move a clip plane. 2.• 6. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . You can use screenshots in posters. To stop flying.. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. To create a clip plane: 1. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p. 2. press Esc. 6. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. or the entire Tekla Structures window. Viewing the model (p. 5. Select a plane. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. 4. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom.

. click Pick view and select a view. 2. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. Click Options. 4. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . select Rendered view. 2. select View without Borders. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (.. To print a screenshot: 1. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears.3. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window.png) files. See also Creating a screenshot (p. Creating a screenshot (p. select View. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. Click Capture. the screenshot commands might not always work properly.. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. Click Capture. 3. Under Capture.. select Dialog. Select Place on clipboard.bmp format. 4. as a custom component thumbnail.. 7.bmp) format to use it. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. 6. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 .. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. for example. To capture the active view. 5. To capture the active view without borders. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. 125) Screenshot settings (p. Creating a screenshot (p. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. select Main Frame. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. Set the desired properties and click OK.

See also Inquiring the model (p. or a group of objects. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. within the model. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. weight. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. Select an object. and length of the selected model object. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.5. See also Inquiring object properties (p...rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. By default. 126) Object property report templates (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. the tool shows the total area. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. See also Inquiring the model (p. See also Inquiring object properties (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. Select a part.. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. 2. 2.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . To inquire object properties: 1.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. see the Template Editor user documentation. For more information on how to use templates. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.

Define which attributes are shown in the tool window. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1.. • See also To change the formula of an attribute. 3. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder. AVERAGE. • To create new calculated attributes.. For example. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. • To add more attributes to the tool window. MAX. use the Up and Down buttons.. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. 2. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. • 4...config file: 1. click Add….\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. By default.config file in any standard text editor. click Edit. Change the position number of the new attribute. 3. Open the InquiryTool. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. To modify the default attributes. or MIN) from the list box. edit the InquiryTool. • To change the order of the attributes. *. and /) to form equations. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+.. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button.config file in the . click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button..lst file located in the . Click Manage contents. • To modify the calculated attributes. the file contains 65 attributes.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM.. The file is located in the ... -. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. 2.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p.. Use the InquiryTool. • To remove attributes from the tool window.

131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 132) Object representation settings (p. 132) Object groups (p. 126) 5. 128) Representation options (p. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. 5. 3.. Save the file.lst file. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. DISPLAY_NAME. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. DATATYPE. Showing and hiding objects (p. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible.4. Click Display. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. UNIT. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. to open the Display dialog box. 216) Representation options In rendered views.. When you redraw a view. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Modify the NAME. 128) Display settings (p. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. For example. 6.

In this example. and their surfaces are shaded.e. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. component objects are displayed as Rendered. Parts are transparent. surfaces are not. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 . underlying parts are not visible. i. Example In this example. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent.e.Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. parts are transparent.

Select the parts you want to hide. Other parts are almost completely transparent. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. 2. To completely hide the parts. Click View > Hide Part..5 and Shift+1. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. for example.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. This can be useful. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . i.e. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p... when viewing clash check results in a large model. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. • • See also To make the parts visible again. To hide selected parts: 1. See also Showing and hiding objects (p..Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. for example. Showing and hiding objects (p. 3. parts are not transparent. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. The parts are shown as sticks. This option is useful. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them.

Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. To make the parts visible again. Hide an assembly 1. 2. To clear the exact lines effect. Showing and hiding objects (p. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. To show the unselected parts as sticks. To completely hide the unselected parts. fittings. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. cuts. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. and other details belonging to the assembly. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. welds. Right-click and select Redraw View. Select the assembly you want to hide. 2. Tekla Structures displays all parts. click View > Redraw All. Showing and hiding objects (p. bolts. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . 3. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. 3. The unselected parts become almost transparent. 2. Click View > Redraw All. To display a part with exact lines: 1. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. See also Select the part. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. 4. 128) Hiding selected parts (p.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts.

128) Refreshing views (p. c In the Value list box. Click View > Redraw All. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 128) Refreshing views (p. and other details belonging to the component. 133) Visualizing project status (p. and Condition list boxes. a Click Add row.See also Showing and hiding objects (p.Representation dialog box. Select the component you want to hide. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules. to open the Object Group . Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 128) Creating an object group (p. type a value or select one from the model. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1.. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. b Select options from the Category. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects.. 3. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Click Object group.. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. welds. 133) Deleting an object group (p. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. Property. 2. 2.. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Modify the object group settings. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. d Add more rows. 4. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Right-click and select Redraw View. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p.

2. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. • To make an object group available in all models. 6. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. Restart Tekla Structures. Object groups have the file name extension *. 2. • To make an object group available in another model. Restart Tekla Structures. Select where you want to copy the object group. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. Select the object group you want to copy. Object groups (p. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. and they have the file name extension *. Object groups (p. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.PObjGrp. copy the file to the system folder.5.PObjGrp. See also Object groups (p. Click Save as to save the object group. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. For example. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. 3.

To create object representation settings: 1. 6.. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 3.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. 7. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. Click Add row. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 2. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. If an object belongs to several object groups. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object.. 4. 8. 5. 9. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. See also Object representation settings (p.rep. 2. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. Restart Tekla Structures. 133) Color settings (p. 3. See also Object representation settings (p. • To make the settings available in another model. Apply. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . Restart Tekla Structures. For example. Object representation settings (p. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. To create project status visualizations. 213) Transparency settings (p. copy them to the system folder. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 133) 5. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. or OK. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. • To make the settings available in all models. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder.rep. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. Select where you want to copy the settings. See also Creating a visualization (p.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. and they have the file name extension *. 2.

135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. 3. c Define the length of the time step..Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 4. 2. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. Restart Tekla Structures. and they have the file name extension *. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. See also Visualizing project status (p. • To make the settings available in another model.. a In the Object representation list box. 6.4d. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Restart Tekla Structures. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 4. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 2. • To make the settings available in all models.rep) and object group files (*. To view the visualization in the model. copy them to the system folder. 5. click the step buttons. 2. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. 3. See also Visualizing project status (p. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. select one of the predefined object representation settings.4d. Visualizing project status (p. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. Select where you want to copy the settings. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. Modify the visualization settings. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button.

. 2. To make it easier to select parts. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. to open the Object Representation dialog box.Representation dialog box. 6. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. c In the Condition list box. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model.. d In the Value list box. 8. Finally. On the Status tab. 3. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. After that. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 7. select INSTALL_PLAN. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. Visualizing project status (p. e Select Review date and click OK. To create the object group: 1. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. 3. See also Visualizing project status (p. select Select date. b In the Property list box. select Object.In the following example.. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 5. select Earlier than or equal.. Click User-defined attributes. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. a In the Category list box. The Select Date dialog box appears. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example.. Click View > Representation > Object representation. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. to open the Object Group .. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . Click Object group. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. To define an erection schedule: 1... Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. 4. See also Click Modify. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. 2. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled.

138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . In the box next to the Save as button. select Visible. In the Object representation list box. In the box next to the Save as button. 132) Visualizing project status (p. c In the Color list box. enter a name for the visualization. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 4. enter a name for the object representation settings. To create object representation settings: 1. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. select Color by class. 3. c In the Color list box. Click Save as. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 7. 133) Visualizing project status (p. 5. select the object group All. you will create project status visualization settings.. enter a name for the group. scheduled_erection_date. b In the Object group list box. Click Save as. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. a Click Add row. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. 137). d In the Transparency list box. 2. For example. In the box next to the Save as button. 6... 4. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 2. d In the Transparency list box. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example.. 5. 138). b In the Object group list box. select the object group you just created. select Hidden. For example. 5. Define the length of the time step. plan_same_or_before_review_date. To create visualization settings: 1. See also Object representation settings (p.4. a Click Add row. See also Object groups (p. 3. select Color by class. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example.

Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . 138). To view the visualization in the model.. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Click Load.See also Visualizing project status (p. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p.. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. 2. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. 3. 4. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. click the step buttons. In the list box next to the Load button.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. See also Measuring objects (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 135) 5. it is useful to check the model for errors. 149) Finding distant objects (p.5 Checking the model When the model is complete.

Pick the end point. 143) Measuring angles (p. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. Pick the end point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . For more information on each command. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. 4. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. Select a bolt group. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. Select a part. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. All measurements are temporary. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. the distance between two points and between bolts. 3. 3. 2. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 3. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 4. Measuring objects (p. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. Pick the starting point. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. Pick the starting point. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. Measuring objects (p. 5. See also Measuring distances (p. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. Pick the center point. 2.

See also Measuring objects (p. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. or reference model objects that collide. bolts. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 145) Clash Check Manager (p.

Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 .Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. If colliding objects are found. select a row in the clash check log. you can choose whether to continue checking. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Select the objects you want to check. To locate the colliding objects. You can continue working during the clash check. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. 2. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. Click Tools > Clash Check. or stop checking. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 3. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log.

145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. select a row in the list of clashes. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. 1. 4. 3. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. modified. To see which properties have an effect. In the model. double-click a row. If the object has been modified (for example. See also To highlight a clash in the model. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. 2. When you re-run clash check. if the profile has changed).Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. Click to check the objects. Only certain object properties affect this flag. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. You can continue working during the clash check. 2. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. When the clash check is complete. A check mark it is visible. or missing. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. resolved. right-click one of the column headings. 5. Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. The clash is not new. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1.

select the clashes whose priority you want to change. Click OK. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. select the clashes whose status you want to change. . 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 2. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. 3. In Clash Check Manager. 2. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. See also Clash Check Manager (p. Click . the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. 3. In Clash Check Manager. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. 3. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. 2. In the Open dialog box. select a session.

you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. Click Save. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1.To Save the active session Do this Click .\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder.. By default. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . Click In the Save As dialog box. In the File name box. 3. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. If you clear the check boxes. icon.00. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. 3. 4. Click Tools > Options > Options. 5. enter a new name. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field.. 5. the clearance will be zero. See also Clash Check Manager (p. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. In the Options dialog box. Click Apply or OK.. go to the Clash check page. Modify the bolt clearance values. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. If the fields are empty. 2. Save as.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

For example. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. P1002. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number.. Planning your numbering series (p. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. 154) Family numbers (p. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). Example For example. ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. . You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. To save time. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other.. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example. When you run numbering. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. P1003. If you do this. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. such as plates.

to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. Under Numbering series. Click Modify. define a part prefix and a start number. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Under Compare.1. and then click Add. See also Defining numbering series (p. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. Defining numbering series (p. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. Go to the Family numbering tab. 4. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 3. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. However. for example. 3. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . b Select a numbering series from the list. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. go to the Cast unit tab. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. 4. 2. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model.. This can be used. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number.. When you use family numbering. they get unique qualifier numbers. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box.

see the corresponding menu tooltip.. If you do not select any check boxes. If a series overlaps another.Select at least one check box. clear the existing numbers. c Click Apply or OK.. 3. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. 2.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. 161) 6. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. 4. 5. See also Defining numbering series (p. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. only one family number per series is assigned. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. Click Assign. For more information on each command. 155) Clearing numbers (p. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. b Modify the settings. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. See also Family numbers (p. Click Apply. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change.. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model .. 6. but not all of them. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. Family numbers (p. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 7. Update numbering in the model. If you select all the check boxes. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering.

Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. the x coordinate. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 158) Control numbers (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers.See also Numbering settings (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. However. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. However. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. If you add new parts. The default start number is 1. 159) Clearing numbers (p. 158) Changing numbers (p. for example. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. In this case you should renumber the parts. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. See also Numbering objects (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. The prefix varies based on the part type.

Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. Second direction is Y. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. Numbering objects (p. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. 2. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. For example. See also Numbering objects (p.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. the sort order is X Y Z. their z coordinates are also compared. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. and Third direction is Z. With negative directions (such as -X). The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. When you assign control numbers. their y coordinates are also compared. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. if First direction is -X. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). Example In the following example. See also Select the parts.

• 3. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. • To consider all parts in the model. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. b In the Step value field.. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts.. 2. 2. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. 4. do not select any parts. 5. To only consider specific parts. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. See also Control numbers (p. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. type the first control number to be used. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. and then click Create. or family numbers after you run numbering. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. 158) Control number settings (p. 4. In the Numbering list box. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. In the Status list box. assembly. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 5. 8. do not select any parts in the model.See also Numbering objects (p.. a In the Start number of control numbers field. specify which parts get control numbers. This command does not change the numbering series. 6. multi-position. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. Click Apply. 7. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. etc. Click Apply. Indicate which parts to consider. Define the control numbers to be used. select the parts in the model. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. define the interval. to assign the control numbers 2. and then click Create. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. 3. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. select the parts. number the model. In the Renumber list box. or specific parts. 8. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. For example. See also Control numbers (p. 11.

This is for information only and the number is still changed. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. To create a standard-part model: 1. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. For more information on each command. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. To clear the position numbers: 1. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. This functionality only applies to steel parts. 4. See also Numbering objects (p. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Click Assign. For more information on each command. Set the desired properties.1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. 2. Select an object. see the corresponding menu tooltip.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. 2. If the number you specified is already in use. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Next time you run numbering. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. 3. See also Numbering objects (p.

. 4. STD2. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file.For example.. For information on how to interpret the log file. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. Open another model. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. > Numbering.. 3.. 2. and so on).. StandardParts. 9. If you have selected the Part name check box..6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. 12. 7. 156) 6. 11. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. STD1. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 8..5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History.. see Numbering history log. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. Number the model. Explode all components. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. See also Numbering objects (p. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. especially before producing drawings or reports. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. Delete all unnecessary items. 10. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. See also Numbering objects (p. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. 156) 6. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. Save the standard-part model. 5. 13.

164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 4. 5. Modify one of the beams. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Unless you want to repair the entire model. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. 6. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Number the model. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. 5. 3. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. 2. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. To number identical beams: 1. 159) 6. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . See also Numbering objects (p. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p.2. 4. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. All the beams have the part position number P1. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 156) Changing numbers (p. Number the model. Number the model.

and each pair has the same length. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The parts have the same main profile. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. but the holes are different. All beams have the same profile. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. but each pair has a different length. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria.

All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. 6. 8. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Create steel columns. and then click Apply. 10. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. Select the Column orientation check box. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. and another one for steel columns.. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1.. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 2. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. Select one of the steel columns in the model. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. Before you start. 5. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. 9. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. 3.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. 7. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. To number parts in selected phases: 1. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. and then click Apply. 4. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. divide the model into phases. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.

• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering.. Select one of the parts you want to number. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . Select the parts you want to number. and then click Apply. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. 3. 4. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects.. 6. 5. For example. Modify the numbering settings. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. 7. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series.

Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. 164) General numbering settings (p. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model .

You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. 172) Lotting (p. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. and erection sequences.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. and categorize object types.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. for example. 171) Sequences (p. 167) Phases (p. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. based on purchasing contracts. 174) Parametric modeling (p. You can classify information according to your needs. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . lots. 181) 7.

171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. See also Creating logical areas (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only.

. a Right-click Logical Areas. 3. b Click New Object Type. You can also create subtypes for object types. select the area for the section or the story. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . c Click New Section. 2.. 4. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. 5. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. In the model. You can create new object type categories for your own needs.. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . right-click the selected section or story. d Click New Story. Create object type categories. See also Organizing the model (p. a Right-click Object Types. In large projects.. 4. Click Tools > Model Organizer. select the objects you want to add to an object type category. Create a path structure. b Click New Building. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. Organizing the model (p. 3..To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. Click Tools > Model Organizer. In Model Organizer.. In the model. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. To make it easier to view and select parts. and select Add Selected to Category. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). 2. See also In Model Organizer. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s).

Drag the category to another location. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Right-click and select Remove from Category. Select the objects in the model. Drag the objects to another category.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. 2. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . 2. 1. 2. Select the new area in the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. See also Organizing the model (p. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. To show all objects again. 3. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. right-click the category and select Redraw View. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. 1. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. 1. 3. See also Organizing the model (p. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. 1. To show all objects again.

Click OK to save your changes. 4. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. 167) 7.). Divide the model into phases. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. hide objects. Right-click and select Delete. This is phase 1.. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . select a phase from the list. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. You can create reports and views. 5. the columns. 171) Custom phase properties (p. Click OK to confirm. 3.. a To identify the phase of an object. When a part of the model is completed. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. 3. according to their phase number. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. The Phase Manager dialog box appears.. You then copy this basic model to all users. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase.. for example. and copy objects from other models. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer.. From now on. c Phases (p. etc. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. 3.. and then click Modify phase.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. select an object and click Phases by objects. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. Click Tools > Phase Manager. Click Add to create new phases. First create a basic model that includes. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. 2. 4. Organizing the model (p. select the objects. 2. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase.

and the field_format must be %d.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. 6. a Open the objects. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. If you click Yes. use the syntax PHASE.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. 171) 7. See also Phases (p. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . MY_INFO_1. For example. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. 5. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. "%d". You can define several sequences for different purposes. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects.inp file in any standard text editor. For example. The value_type must be integer. Creating a sequence (p. and so on. add a new user-defined attribute. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. the second part number 2. d Restart Tekla Structures. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". b In the Part attributes section. 4. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts. none. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. 3.inp file. To finish adding parts to the sequence.0". Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number.inp file.inp file. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. "0. no. integer. The first part gets the sequence number 1. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. Type a name for the sequence. Click Apply. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. To create a new sequence: 1. c Save the file. "My Info 1". "0.0") 2. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. To use phase properties in reports and templates. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part.

Click Tools > Sequencer. 3. If the sequence changes. 2. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. 4. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. For example. Select a sequence name from the list. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. you must redefine the whole sequence.See also Sequences (p. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. For example: See also Sequences (p. See also Sequences (p. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool... To check the sequence of a part: 1. Select a part. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. To finish adding parts to the sequence. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence.. 2. 5. Click Modify. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Modify the sequence number. 2. 3. Click User-defined attributes. Click OK or Apply. See also Sequences (p.. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. MY_INFO_1. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . 4. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start.

172) 7. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. 6. and material of the part. 3. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. the weight is based on the size. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. However. See also Lotting (p. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. Sequences (p. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. 4. Click Properties.2. Type a lot number in the Number field. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. To view the properties of a part. See also Creating a lot (p. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example.. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. 175) Deleting a lot (p. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. For example. 3. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p.. Click Add. 175) Sequences (p. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. if you are using cast-in-place concrete.. See also Select a sequence name from the list. 2. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. length. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. For most model parts. When you define lots. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. With this information.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. Click Delete and then click Yes. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). For example. 5. In that case.

5. 3. Lotting (p. Lotting (p. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. To add parts to a lot: 1. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values. 2. 2. Click Apply selected.. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . Tekla Structures deselects the parts. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. See also Lotting (p. Click Delete. Select an existing lot from the list. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Select an existing lot from the list. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 5. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. If you simply select parts. Click OK to close the dialog box. Select an existing lot from the list. When you hold down Shift.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. 4. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. When you re-open the dialog box. Click OK to close the dialog box.. 4. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. 3. 3. 2. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. 4. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. Click Properties. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Click Apply selected. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot.

location and relationship to other parts. such as the name of a column. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. They can also include formulas.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. For example. the column follows. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. Variables can define fixed properties. Create dependencies. so that when you move the wall. such as a beam or column. or relationships. including its geometry. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .7. between model objects. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

53) 7. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p.. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. the Sketch Browser. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. and the Variables dialog box. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.. 176) Parametric profiles (p. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 2.. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. Open a Tekla Structures model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. and how to use them in a model.

The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. arcs.See also Sketch Browser (p. circles. 182) Variables (p. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. and vice versa. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. dimensions. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . tree-like structure. constraints. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser.

. 1. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . or they can include formulas. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. Lines. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. 1=Line . 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. arcs. Variables can define fixed properties.

185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. 184) Sketching an arc (p. 4. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Ensure that you create a closed shape. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch a polyline: 1. and circles. See also Sketching a polyline (p. 185) Sketching a circle (p. 2. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. arcs. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. Pick points to create each line segment.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. such as a cold rolled section. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline.

Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. To sketch a circle: 1. 2. Open the cross section sketch editor. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. Open the cross section sketch editor. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1).See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. To sketch an arc: 1. 4. Pick three points to define the arc.

186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. create 90 degree angles. Select a line in the sketch (1). See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. close the shape. you can still rotate the profile in the model. For example. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 3. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. you can straighten lines. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. force lines to meet. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. Select another line in the sketch (2). Although the shape is locked. and add chamfers in corners. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. To add a parallel constraint: 1. To straighten the entire profile. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape.

by extending or shortening one or both lines. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. The lines do not have to intersect. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. Select a line in the sketch (1). 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. if they are within a certain distance of each other. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. The lines do not have to intersect. 3.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Select another line in the sketch (2).

Before you start. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. 4. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Pick the end of the second line. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a fixed constraint: 1. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. See also Select a line in the sketch. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. 2. 2). Pick the end of the first line (1).1.

Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . Select the constraint you want to delete. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. To add a vertical constraint: 1. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. Click Refresh. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. Before you start. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. 2.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2). 4. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1.

Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. In the following example. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the arc or circle. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. Before you start. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . if you create the dimension marked in red. To add a radial dimension: 1. Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. between two points you pick. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. To add an angle dimension: 1. 3. Before you start. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. Select the first line (1). Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). If you are unable to see the angle symbol.See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. Select the second line (2). 3. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 2. Change the Value field. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. 4. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. 3. Select the connection positioning planes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 .See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click to show the part positioning planes. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Click to show the connection positioning planes. 4. To revert to the default positioning planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2. 2. Select the part positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Click Modify. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.

2. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. Click Save sketch . To save a sketched cross section. Type a name in the Prefix field. Click Save sketch as . 2. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. or blank spaces in the cross section name. You cannot include numbers. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. and then click OK. Update an existing cross section 1. 2. 5. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. for example. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Type a new name in the Prefix field. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. Click Save sketch . special characters. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly.db1 file.4. and then click OK. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles.bin file.

The Component Catalog dialog box opens. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . 5. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. See also next to their name. Close the object properties dialog box.. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. Double-click an object to modify its properties.. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. Click Modify. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. To modify a chamfer: 1. 4. 7. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. Modify the object properties. 2. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. Click OK to close the dialog box. 6. such as a cold rolled section. 5. 3. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. 4. For example. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. you can create rounded cross section corners. 2.

depending on the extrusion type. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. b Type the extrusion type number (0. sketch an open polyline. 2. In the cross section sketch editor. define the default value for the parameter variable. 3. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. P1) after =. the profile grows inwards. In the Sketch Browser. When you change the thickness. 4. or 2) after =. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. outwards. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. Type the value of the thickness after =. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. P1). 1. or symmetrically in both directions. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. In the Formula column. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded.

199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. 5. click the button next to the Shape field. • 3. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. • For steel parts. button next to the Profile field. See also For concrete parts. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Click OK to apply the changes. 2. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. 7. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p..Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab.. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 4. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. you are ready to use it in the model. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. Open the Select Profile dialog box. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. click the Select. If you have applied constraints correctly. 6. Pick points to place the part in the model. Select a profile with the sketched cross section.

Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. 2. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1.. Use the cross section name as the filename.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example.. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. 4. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image.bmp. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. Save the image in bmp format in the . Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary. Open the cross section sketch editor. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . 3. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. 5.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model.uel). for example Microsoft Paint. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. for example. mysketch.

from the pop-up menu. 4. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 4. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. 2. Click OK. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . By default. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. To export several cross sections. from the pop-up menu. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog.uel). Select Sketched profiles from the list. select Sketched profiles from the list box. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. 5. In the component list.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. Right-click and select Export. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. 2. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. To use profiles from a model. Select the cross sections you want to export. 6.. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. 3. Select the file to import. browse for the folder. Click OK. 3. 8. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model.. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model.. right-click and select Import. To import sketched cross sections: 1. 7.bin file. In the Import Components dialog box. 7. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. you need to import both the cross section and profile. or copy the profdb. In the Export Components dialog box. 6. To automatically import all *.. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. 5. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from.

205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. At this stage. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. you will use the cross section in a model. When you use the profile in the model. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. 2. Finally. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. After that. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

4. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands.3. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p.

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p.2. command to create the distances h1. enter the following values for the distances: 4. and 3. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. In the Variables dialog box. 5. Save the cross section. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. h1. and h2. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 198) Variables (p. h2. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p.

2. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1.00. 3. Variables (p. enter 10. select Show. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . c In the Visiblity box.1. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers.00. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. and then enter =P1. 183) Sketch Browser (p. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. d In the Label in dialog box box. b In the Formula box. b Right-click ExtrusionType. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. See also Save the cross section. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. enter Thickness. d In the Label in dialog box box. In the Sketch Browser. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. In the Variables dialog box. In the Variables dialog box. select Show. do the following: . In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. enter Chamfer. b In the Formula box. 2. enter 20. 3. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. c In the Visiblity box. a Right-click Thickness. select Add equation from the pop-up menu.

b Right-click Chamfer X. • 3. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. In the Sketch Browser. 183) Sketch Browser (p. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. button next to the Profile field. 5. See also Save the cross section. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers.4. and select the CSHAPE profile. For concrete parts.. click the button next to the Shape field. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. 5. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. 6. 199) Variables (p. Click OK to apply the changes. Open the Select Profile dialog box. and then enter =P2. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .. click the Select. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 2. • For steel parts. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. 4. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. Pick points to place the part in the model.

193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 . 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

212) Rotation settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. See also Grid properties (p. 233) 8. 215) Part properties (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. 214) Screenshot settings (p. 211) View settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 .8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 213) Color settings (p. 217) Detail properties (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 212) Point properties (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 227) Numbering settings (p. 211) Grid line properties (p.

Select to make the grid line visible in drawings.. Select to bind objects to the grid line.. Select to bind objects to grid lines. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. z is absolute). y. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. y. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. and z directions (x and y are relative. and z directions. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. See also X . 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z .. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. Option Phase The phase number.. Grid lines (p. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Grids (p.

You can filter objects by their ID numbers. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Option As is The current color is used. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. All parts are colored according to their Class property. Indicates the correct location of the point. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors.Rotate and Move . See also Object representation settings (p. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. The local (work plane) and global x. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. and z coordinates of a point. which is used in log files. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. y. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. Defines the number of copies created. Coordinates See also Points (p. The rotation angle between the original and new position. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis.Option Id The ID number. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups.

Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. the settings will be read from that object group. Sets the line width. The Options. Option As is The current visibility. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Object representation settings (p. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. The height of the screenshot.. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. There are limitations to pixel density..Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Includes only the view content in the screenshot. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. Saves the screenshot to a file. Object is not shown in the views. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. Object is transparent in rendered views.

. The projection type of rendered views. 215) Display settings (p.. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. as do text and points. Which object group is displayed in the view.See also Creating a screenshot (p.. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). rotate the model. In addition.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. The thickness of the displayed slice of model.. Rotation is view-specific. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. Visible object group Object group. 215) Grid view properties (p. When you zoom. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. See also Views (p. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. text and point size remains the same. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. See also View properties (p.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. the zoom remains on part surfaces. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. You can zoom. Opens the Object Group .. The appearance of the model in the view. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. or fly through it. Display. 124) 8..

PLAN +3000. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. If the View name prefix field is left empty. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. when viewing the entire model. washers. None does not create any views. The Show. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. Some of these settings may affect system performance. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. Exact shows bolts. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. Exact displays the cuts.g. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. Reference line shows parts as sticks. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. This name overrides the name in the view properties. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and nuts as solids. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. Each view plane has its own view properties. but skips cuts. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. See also Creating grid views (p. e. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. or large parts of it.. This option increases display speed significantly. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. button displays the current view properties.. no prefix is used. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view.

223) Concrete column properties (p. See also Steel column properties (p.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . 218) Contour plate properties (p. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. 225) Concrete slab properties (p.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). 221) Pad footing properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids. When using this option. Point size Defines the size of points in views. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 222) Strip footing properties (p. 128) 8. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. 220) Twin profile properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. This option is only available in wire frame views. 218) Steel beam properties (p.

Class Used to group columns. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The horizontal position of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. How the column is rotated around its axis. with anti-corrosive paint. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. fire retardant coating. steel polybeam. Warping. relative to its reference point. hot galvanized. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. e. It describes how the part surface has been treated.prt. The design information of the column. The type of finish. The analysis properties of the column. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column.g. The position of the column. The assembly mark series of the column.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The user-definable name of the column. relative to its reference point. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. etc. Creating a steel column (p.clm. and shortening of the column. or curved beam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the column. For example. Finish is user-definable. and to identify parts of the same type. cambering.

The analysis properties of the beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. etc. For example. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. The position of a beam. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. Class Used to group beams. with anti-corrosive paint.g. The design information of the beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . It describes how the part surface has been treated. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of a beam on the work plane. The assembly mark series of the beam. hot galvanized. fire retardant coating.cpl. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of a beam. Creating a steel beam (p. cambering. Finish is user-definable. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. and shortening of the beam. Warping. The finish type. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. The user-definable name of a beam. The loading properties of the beam. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. e. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. and to identify parts of the same type.

The position of the contour plate. with anti-corrosive paint. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. The format is PL+ thickness. fire retardant coating. The assembly mark series of the beam. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. The loading properties of the plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. The material of the beam. The spanning properties of the plate. Profile Material The profile of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. for example PL20. etc. in terms of depth.crs. For example. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. perpendicular to the work plane. The finish type. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The analysis properties of the contour plate. The design information of the contour plate.g.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. The user-definable name of the contour plate. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Creating a contour plate (p. The user-definable name of the beam. The material of the contour plate. and to identify parts of the same type. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Finish is user-definable. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. hot galvanized. Profile The profile of the contour plate. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. e.

The assembly mark series of the twin profile. fire retardant coating. etc. etc. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions.g. with anti-corrosive paint. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . It describes how the part surface has been treated. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. hot galvanized.Option Finish The finish type. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The support conditions of the beam ends. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. relative to its reference point. It describes how the part surface has been treated. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. How much the beam is rotated around its axis.g. For example. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. e. The design information of the beam. The user-definable name of the twin profile.dia. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. The type of finish. The analysis properties of the beam. The horizontal position of the beam. Finish is user-definable. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Class Used to group beams. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. hot galvanized. relative to its reference point. e. and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. The position of the beam. The material of the beams. Finish is user-definable. with anti-corrosive paint.

The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. Creating a twin profile (p. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. For example. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. in terms of depth. The analysis properties of the twin profile. The type of finish. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. The vertical clearance between the profiles. perpendicular to the work plane. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. with anti-corrosive paint. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The offsets of the ends of the beam. relative to its reference point. relative to the beam’s reference line. fire retardant coating. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane.Option Class Used to group twin profiles. For example. The design information of the twin profile. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The beam position.cpf. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Class Used to group pad footings. e. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. Finish is user-definable. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The material of the pad footing. The vertical position of the pad footing.g. hot galvanized. Defines how the profiles are combined.

Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. The material of the strip footing. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. relative to its reference point. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Finish is user-definable. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The analysis properties of the strip footing. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. with anti-corrosive paint. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. fire retardant coating. e.csf. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. etc.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. For example. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. and to identify parts of the same type.g. hot galvanized. Creating a pad footing (p. Class Used to group strip footings. The type of finish.

etc. The analysis properties of the column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . cambering and shortening of the column. The design information of the column. For example. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. Creating a strip footing (p. fire retardant coating. Class Used to group columns. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. Finish is user-definable. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. with anti-corrosive paint. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The design information of the footing. The support conditions of the column ends.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Warping. and to identify parts of the same type. How much the column is rotated around its axis. The material of the column. hot galvanized.ccl. Option Name The user-definable name of the column. Define the cast unit series of the column. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. e. The type of finish. Creating a concrete column (p. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction.g.

Warping. e. The analysis properties of the beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. The design information of the beam. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. Creating a concrete beam (p. The loading properties of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. The offsets of the ends of the beam. relative to its reference line. The type of finish.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. with anti-corrosive paint. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . It describes how the part surface has been treated. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. cambering and shortening of the beam. etc. Define the cast unit series of the beam. Class Used to group beams.csl. The beam position on the work plane.g. For example. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The material of the beam. Finish is user-definable. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. fire retardant coating.cbm. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. The support conditions of the beam ends. hot galvanized.

with anti-corrosive paint. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. Class Used to group panels. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. hot galvanized. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). Finish is user-definable. Creating a concrete slab (p. It describes how the part surface has been treated. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example. with anti-corrosive paint. fire retardant coating. etc. in terms of depth. e. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. The loading properties of the slab. The type of finish. e. and to identify parts of the same type. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The material of the panel.g. The design information of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. Finish is user-definable. perpendicular to the work plane. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. The material of the slab. etc. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. Define the cast unit series of the slab. For example. hot galvanized. Class Used to group slabs. The position of the slab. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. fire retardant coating. The analysis properties of the slab. The spanning properties of the slab.cpn. The type of finish.g. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab.

How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . 81) 8. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. Bolt assembly standard/grade. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. See also Bolt properties (p. The offsets of the ends of the panel. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. Creating a concrete panel (p. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. The loading properties of the panel. relative to its reference line. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. The analysis properties of the panel. The design information of the panel. 229) Weld types (p. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. The spanning properties of the panel. Define the cast unit series of the panel. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. 227) Weld properties (p. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the panel.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop.

number. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. or co-ordinate. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . This allows the bolt to move in different directions. -150). the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. depending on the bolt group shape. or coordinate. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. Zero for a round hole.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Tolerance = Hole diameter . Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. In the illustration below. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. y allowance of a slotted hole. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. Zero for a round hole. depending on the bolt group shape. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. in both directions from the bolt group plane. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length. x allowance of a slotted hole.g. enter a negative value for cut length (e. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. If the bolt connects several parts. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. the gap is added to the length of the bolt.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. For example. Bolt spacing. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. Extra length Additional bolt length. Bolt spacing. group diameter.e. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting.

Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. Tekla Structures creates the weld. not in drawings. At depth Dx. The angle of weld preparation. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. relative to the current work plane. Type Angle See Weld types (p. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. 93). If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Dy.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. 231). Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . or groove. Bolts (p. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. but does not display it drawings. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. bevels. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. For example. The size of the weld.

You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. for example. To change the separator to @. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. The space between the welded parts. For example. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. See Weld position (p. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. To create a non-continuous weld. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. for example. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. information about the weld specification or process. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. 72). 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. for example 50–100. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. 92). defining the start and end points of the weld.

Defines the process type. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Welds (p. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 .Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the electrode strength. Defines the electrode strength coefficient.

See also Chamfering part corners (p. to give plates varying thicknesses. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. The dimensions of the chamfer.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. The name of the chamfer. for example. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. Use these fields. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type.

The shape and position of the first end point. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. and the shape is straight. and the shape is angled. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 107) 8. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. All information on previous numbers is lost. 234) Control number settings (p. and the shape is straight. See also General numbering settings (p. The shape and position of the second end point.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. See also Chamfering part edges (p.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted.

Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. 157). Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. numbering. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. and save sequence. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. and number of holes affects numbering. See Assembly position numbers (p. The orientation of columns affects numbering. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Numbering objects (p. size. The orientation of beams affects numbering. The part name affects numbering. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

Needed only with the By numbering series option. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. If some welds have been removed. No keeps the existing control numbers. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. Defines the interval between two control numbers. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Control numbers (p. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

239) Right-hand rule (p. 241) 9. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 237) Part positioning tips (p. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. 2. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. See also Defining default part properties (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p.

then copying them throughout the model. Click Save as to save the set of properties. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. enter BEAM. 6. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. In the box next to the Save as button. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. when creating grids and levels in a new model. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. Click Load to load the properties. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . For example.3. To stop copying or moving objects. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. Before you start. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. and object groups. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. Save time by modeling these areas once. from simple frames to entire floors. 2. create an empty view or selection filter. or an object group. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. This can useful when creating view filters. enter a name for the set of properties. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. For example. The dialog box remains open on the screen. then copying it to several levels. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. for example. c Enter the values you want to use. 7. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. 4. b Select an object. To use a default set of part properties. try modeling an entire floor. 3. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. Start the Move or Copy command. 5. For a project that has several identical floors. Depending on the project. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. selection filters.

2. 2. and then select one of the options. With Xmouse active. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. 3. and then select an object. select one of the options. 2. In the Value list box. Page Down and arrow keys. 132) Creating a visualization (p. When you hold the thumb. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. click Select from model.. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. To activate a view. index finger. You can either select a date from the calendar. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. 3. • See also Use the Page Up. select the review date. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on.. Click Add row. Open the Background color in model editor document. or define the number of days before or after the review date.To select values from the model: 1. Download and install the application. to open the Select date dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . To activate a view using Xmouse: 1.. you can use the Xmouse option. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. a b To select an object property.. Views (p. To select a date. the index finger the y axis. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. 4. and the middle finger the z axis. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. click Select date. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p.

Click Modify. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. 2. For example. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. • • • • If a cut fails. Clear the Cuts check box. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face.. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. If the component fails. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. the cut is more likely to succeed. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Try to position the cut at least 0. Cuts (p.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. Click Display. especially in components. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model.3 mm outside of the part planes. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. To locate the failure in the model. 3. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log.. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. See also Cuts (p. Note that after creating the polygon. use polygon cuts. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. 4. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually.3 mm). if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. to open the Display dialog box.

Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. To lengthen a part. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. or use the Fit Part End command. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. This can cause shop errors. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. Click a row that contains an ID number. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . It can cause problems with connections and details. Hold down Z. See also Modifying part length (p. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. 2. 2.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Hold down F. move the part handles. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. move the part handles. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. Click a row that contains an ID number.

and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. lines and circles. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. always pick points in the same direction. pick positions from left to right. and from bottom to top (in positive x. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. Use construction planes. 40) Points (p. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. y directions). Creating a single grid line (p. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects.See also Part position (p. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. such as beams. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . For example. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. 57) Fittings (p. Create points. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p.

.. 74 changing the main assembly...................... 71 examples....82 adding objects ....... 74 numbering .............81 adding non-concrete objects ......................................Index # 3D models................................................................ 30 angle dimensions ...........................................68 orthogonal beams.............86 bolt offsets .................................. 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .................................. 79....................... 75 lotting......................................................105 corner chamfers ...........104 corner chamfer dimensions ........143 bolting sub-assemblies.........73.......................... 86........82 cast unit type ...................................................174 numbering ........ 23 examples........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 comparing ............................ 131 sub-assemblies .. 75 joining............83 top-in-form face ................................................................. 39 4D tool....................................................................................67 warping..83 casting direction ................ see visualizing project status ..................................... 76 exploding....................................................................... 88 modifying ... 67.........83 cast units .........................84 chamfering....................83 highlighting .........................................105 corner chamfer types...............73.........................................113 bending........................................ 71..................................................................115 cast in place........88 a absolute coordinates .............................. 72 attaching parts.................................. 71 using welds to create assemblies .......................................82 creating................................... 174 nested assemblies ............................ 185 assemblies ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 adding objects .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................88 bolt spacing ................................................................... 75 changing the main part............................ 135 beams cambering............................................. 143 arcs................................................................................................................148 creating....... 15 views ..................................................................................................................... 85.......................115 concrete beams.......................................................................................72 clash checking.........................199 b background color changing........................................................................................................................................................................87 bolt group shape............................157 removing objects ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 71 using bolts to create assemblies ..................................................................105 edge chamfers.....................................107 in sketches ........................................................................................79 curved beams..................................69 steel beams .................... 227 bolt group position .............................84 changing the main part........ 149 creating ..................................................... 225 concrete polybeams .....65 bolts ................................. 218 steel polybeams .......................................... 191 angles....................................83 lotting............................................... 76 highlighting ........................................................................................................................... 117 c cambering parts........................................................... 157 removing objects ........82 exploding ..................................................... 75 showing and hiding ...............................................................

......147 changing status ..... 78........................ 116.........104..............................................146 managing results .............................79 slabs .......197 checking the model........84 columns ....... 79...........................................................................................................................................................................................133 object representation settings.................................................................. 158..............checking sketched cross sections ................................................................................................. 225 cast units..................................68..... 226 polybeams ..........................................136 corner chamfers .................................147 list of clashes ...............189 fixed ...................146 sessions...40 construction circles .............................................................. 55 classifying information ............................................................................................................................................187 colliding objects ..................... 80..113 constraints......................................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies........... 149 bolts ........124 coincident contraints .................................187 vertical .......................239 grid color.....142 circles.............................23 background color examples................................................................................................................235 coordinates coordinate system.............................. 51....186 coincident......... 28..............................81 casting direction..........................................147 symbols ..................28 copying hints and tips......................... 66.....................................................................................................149 components showing and hiding........................187 deleting ..............................185 Clash Check Manager ..................................................................................................................................................132 concrete parts ..................................189 construction objects ......................77 beams .................................................................23 color settings ... 78........... 225 strip footings ............. 222 panels .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 223 warping ................ 69....................................... 144.......................................................................................238 object groups ................................41 construction lines ........ 232 types and dimensions .................146 class....186 perpendicular .......................................................................................... 105..................................... 31 columns concrete columns ......105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................................148 changing priority ............ 146........................... 81............................................. 145........167 clip planes....................................... 159 settings ...........55 background color ............................................................ 219 control numbers ......................41 construction planes..........................144 colors ... 146 clash checking ................................ 224 pad footings ................................................. 224 steel columns..................................................40 contour plates ............................................................................................................................ 145.................................................................................... 78....................135 project status visualizations ......................................................................................... 218 combining parts ...................................188 horizontal ..........................................188 parallel .....213 finding RGB values....................................................................................... 78..............................................................................................................................

........................................ 181 curved parts........................................................................................................... 70 views ....................................................................................................................................... 100 twin profiles ..................................... 136 screenshots.................. 174 models...................................191 between two points.....................................................216 distances measuring........................................................................... 112 polygon cuts ......................................... 163..................................................................................68.....136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ......................................... 181 sketching cross sections ..................................192 in sketching .............................. 35 welds .. 165 tile pattern definition .................................63 erection schedules....................... 86 cast units ........191 deleting from a sketch .................................................... 71 tile patterns.................................................................................. 66 steel polybeams ...... 109............................... 32 grid views ....................................... 184 slabs............ 124 concrete beams....................... 109.....................................................................23 creating object groups .........................................................193 horizontal................................... 82 clip planes ............................. 68 Custom Inquiry ....................................................... 139 erection sequences ..... 67 steel columns ..................................101 visualizing erection schedules.....................................................................................................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section. 41 construction planes ...................creating assemblies .......................................................137 creating object representation settings.................................. 74 object groups............... 41 construction lines ........119 examples assemblies .........................................................89..................................................................... 168 sequences................................. 67 storys............... 172 single bolts ..................................................................................................................................................................................109 hints and tips ... 78 project status visualizations .........................................................................................................138 creating project status visualization settings ..............................126 adding attributes. 38 grids .................................................................................................................................................................................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.....190 vertical ........................................................143 dividing models................... 168 lots................................................. 30 holes.................................................................. 134 object type categories ........................................................................ 78 sub-assemblies ............................................ 80 construction circles...................................139 visualizing project status .......................................................... 16 nested assemblies ...162..................127 modifying contents ............................. 78 concrete panels.....................70......................................................................................................171 detail properties ..... 110........................................................................................ 93........................ 168 strip footings.....................................137 numbering ................... 132 object representation settings .......127 cuts ..................204 defining erection schedules..........................227 DGN supported objects ............................................................ 79 concrete columns .............................................................171 e edge chamfers.............................. 160 steel beams....171 object types ............................240 line cuts ........... 68 fittings............... 40 contour plates................................... 81 concrete polybeams ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 108 grid lines.. 80 standard-part models ............. 107.......................................... 71 bolts........... 91............................................................ 124 sections ............. 90 logical areas ...................................65.....190 radial.......................... 88 sketched cross sections .......... 232 end offsets ..... 79 concrete slabs ................................48 dimensions angle..... 137..................................................131 examining the model .........171 exact lines........................................................................................................................................................................192 display settings ........ 111 part cuts........................................................................................................... 104........................................................................................................................ 164...........................................76 background colors ........................................................................................ 69 curved beams. 169 orthogonal beams .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 111 d deleting logical areas .................. 69 pad footings....................................

....................................................................155 example .............203 inquiring models ......................................................203 extrusion types......... 31 line extensions........29 modifying ............................ 28............................................................................84 unselected parts .....................................................................................................................................................188 flying through model .....................................................exploding assemblies.....................................123 footings ......................................................................................................................................................130 top-in-form face..................... 223 g global coordinate system ...........................................................163 modifying ................................................................75 l lengthening parts ..........30 creating.....200 f family numbers ..................................126 j joining assemblies.............................................................64 line cuts.........................................................................................................................58 reference models .....................211 work plane grid ..................................................................................................................... 109............131 work area ........................32 deleting ........................................................................132 cut lines.....................................................................................30 deleting ......................................................................237 holes ................................................................................212 grid views creating.......................................................................................................................................38 properties......................... 90 horizontal constraints .........................................................................................................................................153 importing points ...................240 grid labels ................................75 cast units..........................152 reinforcements ......................................................................................215 grids coordinates ...................................................................................................................108 fixed constraints......................................................29 properties............................... see tips ................................33 properties.......116 levels.......................................76 cast units ....................28 h handles ...................................................................................................32 creating....78....195 reference lines .....................149 fittings ..........................................57 moving ............................................31 origin........ 222..............................................................31 part labels ..............33 modifying ....................................................................................................................126 object properties ..............................................................................................42 sketched cross sections.................... 111 lines exact .......................238 parts...................................................................................................26 highlighting assemblies............................................................... 31 labels .45 hints and tips...62 i identical areas......................................192 horizontal position .......131 local coordinate system .......................................................................156 finding clashes ................................................ 89.................56 positioning planes ......................................................................................57 of positioning planes.................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ..........................................................................28 grid lines .......................31 grid color....................................................................................27 hiding assemblies.........................................145 finding distant objects ...................................................................................................45 selected parts ..................83 reference models ..................................................131 components ..................................188 horizontal dimensions .......196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................................................................................... 29................................................................................................................................................

...............................152 identical reinforcements ....................167 viewing .................172 series............................................................ 156............................ 167 modeling hints and tips ........................214 object property report templates........................... 169 o object groups .....................................................................................................................................................................................167..................................................... 167 rotating .................133 creating..............................................154 preliminary numbers........................................158 reinforcements................. 143 distances ................................................................. 163 history..............................................................161 identical parts ............................................162................................................. 170 lotting.................. 21 Model Organizer................................... 143 angles........ 121 saving......... 156 about numbering .......132 deleting.........log files viewing ................................................................................................................................ 175 removing ........................................... 15 checking for errors ....................................233 m Magnifier...............................................................................................................................135 creating....................157 sequences ............................................................151 assemblies ............................ 153.................................... 122 numbering ..............134 deleting............................135 example............................................................................... 154.............................................................. 156 settings ................................................. 174 deleting.......................... 169 object types .................................126 object representation settings................................ 237 identical areas ...........................................................................................................137 transparency settings .................................................................................................................................... 163...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 151...................................... 123 inquiring.........................................57 n nested assemblies............................... 119 flying through model................................ 159 examples ...................................................................................................152 numbering settings ....213 copying to another model ....... 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)....................................... 143 bolt spacing ......133 copying ............................................... 238 parametric modeling..................................... 165 family numbers ......................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 .......................................138 object types ........................................... 233......... 235 standard-part model ..............................................................................157 checking and repairing ............................................................159 numbering series... 120 materials...................................... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position .................... 234.............................. 16 dividing into phases....................... 171 examining.......................................................................................................................................... 114 models about 3D models ...................................................................... 175 moving hints and tips ............... 74 numbering.............................................. 176 rendered or plan view?..............................................................................160 user-defined attributes..............157 cast units .................... 241 logical areas ...................................... 168 viewing .... 151 organizing................................. 175 creating ............ 158................195 using handles ........................... 142 creating .....................................................................................................................153 modifying ..............238 models in a view....................133 example.................... 54 measuring objects ..... 174 adding parts ........................................................................................................ 126 moving...................160 control numbers.......................................................................................................................122 positioning planes................................161 clearing................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 modifying logical areas ................................... 73................................................................................................................................................... 17 viewing .............. 164.....................................................153 what affects ... 58 Model Editor screen layout. 155................................ 119 zooming...................................................................................132 color settings ...................................................

....242 positioning ............56 part properties.........................126 measuring.....................217 parts adding to assembly........................................42 phase and ID ................................................................................................................186 parametric modeling .........63 opening models .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................131 showing with exact lines ......................17 organizing the model ............................................................................................................................................................. 67..............................................................................................................................................................220 overlapping numbering series ...........................................................................56 showing and hiding......................................................................................................149 inquiring properties .......................74 assemblies...................................................................................70 bending ......176 parametric profiles ...........................................113 perpendicular constraints................................................................................. 156 part types ........................................................156 placing objects in model .......................................................................................156 views....................................................................176 profiles ..........................................................................................................................................................117 part labels .....56 lengthening ..............................212 polybeams................................77 cutting with another part ........ 154...........149 concrete parts ............................................................131 splitting...........116 showing only selected parts..............................51 sequences ....................................115 changing the material ........................................................................................130 horizontal parts ........................ 222 panels ....... 144............184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................................................................................................116 comparing ............167 orthogonal beams ........................................................................................................................................................................................................212 importing .... 145 defining visibility......................................................................................................................................................52 combining ......................128 finding distant objects ....81 panning .......................................65 cambering ....................................................................................................................................................................152 labels ................52 properties...............93 polylines .........................................................128 offsets ................................................ 57.122 parallel constraints..............................................54 changing the profile . 78.....................................................................................................................174 material .....................................................143 numbering............................... 109............. 112 default properties .................242 showing and hiding.........................................................55 warping .................................................................................................. 79 polygon cuts......90 p pad footings ...............52 position .......................................53 part add.........117 steel parts .....................54 modifying part length .............................objects clash checking ...................................................115 lengthening in drawings ............. 110............................42 coordinates .187 phases .....................................................................239 oversized holes.116 lotting ..........................................................................237 hiding ............................... see attaching parts ................................115 shortening in drawings.........................................112 polygon welds .................................. 173 shortening ........................................212 properties............242 identical parts..................................171 in numbering ................................................................................66 user-defined attributes ...................................................................................... 111 polygon shapes.................................. 172..................................................................39 points .................241 numbering...................................... 58 profiles ....................164 plane views .............................................................

.......................... 53 twin profiles ....................................... 190 radius.......................................36 representation options........................69 slabs ................................................ 193 handles..............45 viewing layers............ 52 parametric .......................... 39 reference lines............136.....................................................213 rotation angle knob .......128 restoring default work plane ..............................57 refreshing views..... 58 reference model objects .....................................48 supported DGN objects .................................. 237 r radial dimensions .................................................................................................... 47 selecting ..... 59 vertical.45 highlighting ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................161 report templates for inquiring object properties ..................................................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor ............ 201 standard ............................ 63 horizontal....................................................................................... 136 creating ........................................................................................................................57..............................30 rendered views .............................. 138 properties default ............................................................................................................... 135 copying....................................................................................157 relative coordinates ...................................................45 inserting................... 136 deleting........................................................................................................................................................ 65 redrawing views............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 53 weld size prefix........................................ 147 profiles..................................................... 176 prefixes.........89 plates.......153 numbering .......................39 reinforcements identical ....................................... 53 project status visualizations................ 65 depth ......................................................................................46 reference points.......................................................................................149 RGB values ..........58 round holes...........................................................................................................................................................80 s saving models...................................................................................................................................239 right-hand rule ...................................45 viewing changes............................. 60 end offsets................. 196 moving.............................................43 clash checking........................................................................ 53 separators .................................................................................................... 70 user-defined ..................................................59 rotation settings ..................................................144 hiding.............................................................................197 to old clash checking functionality ................................................................. 197 prefixes profile name prefixes....... 158 preparing parts for welding.............................17 sketched cross sections ............................................44 selecting ...................................................................................................................................................... 59 rotation ........ 125 priority in clash checking.....................44 modifying properties ..................................................................................................................128 repairing numbering errors ...............48 updating............................................... 195 reverting to default .................................................................................................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 .................... 62 levels ....................... 48 reference models.... 94 printing screenshots................................................121 parts ..........................................position bending ...............................................................................................45 splitting into reference objects...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................241 representation options ............ 61 positioning planes.................239 rotating models........................................53................................................................ 64 on the work plane...........126 reports viewing ........................................................ 136 example.. 53 sketched profiles ...............28 reverting to default positioning planes.................. 93 preliminary numbers..

...............................222 part properties .........212 rotation settings ........................................ 203 extrusion types..................172 deleting ..................................... 118 plates and slabs............................................................................................................................................84 views..................................................................................211 grid view properties .........................................................................................................217 point properties............................................................................................240 parts labels ......................131 components ..58 top-in-form face...221 view properties ...............124 in Windows Vista ...................................................................................................198 polylines............................. 113............................173 settings bolt properties................. 114 slotted holes........................................................................................................223 twin profile properties ......................................................212 grid properties.............218 strip footing properties ...............214 sections........................................118 standard profiles .............225 contour plate properties........94 Sketch Browser....45 values from model .26 single bolts ......................................................................................................................................186 adding dimensions...................................132 cut lines......................................................................................................................................................147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....88 single grid lines ..................215 view settings .......................................................224 concrete panel properties ...............................218 steel column properties .............................. see screenshots ..................................................................48 reference models...............................................................................................................................................184 creating images ..........................238 selection dial .................................... 196 profiles ................................................183 slabs.......125 settings ..........................................................193....................53 standard-part models .........................................................227 concrete beam properties..............168 selecting dates from model.................201 variables ...........................................................173 inquiring ..........................................................................227 display settings ..........................90 snapping to middle points...............................................................................214 steel beam properties ....................................................................181 adding constraints.................................................................... 203 modifying ...............................................200 importing .............................................160 status in clash checking ..............57 snapshots.......................201 example ..................................................................................185 chamfers .......173 modifying ...............215 numbering settings ...211 grid line properties ...screenshots creating................................32 single-part welds .........................219 corner chamfer properties .................... 202....................................................................................................................216 edge chamfer properties...........................186 saving ..................................................................................................................................................................................56 parts with exact lines ..........................................................................................199 checking....................215 weld properties .....................................................................................238 reference model objects .............................38 work area .........................................................................225 concrete column properties .........................................................................185 creating ...............................................182 sketch editor....233.................................................... 202...............................................213 screenshot settings..........................197 circles.....................................................................................226 concrete slab properties ..58 sequences ..............................125 saving in bitmap format ....................................................................... 235 orthogonal beam properties..................................................................................................................................................................................................................201 refining the shape ..................232 detail properties ..................173 creating......................................................... 234...............204 exporting ........................................................................................................................................................................................................220 pad footing properties.............131 positioning planes ..................................229 shifting the work plane ......190 arcs ..........................................................................195 reference lines ......................... 117..................................116 showing assemblies...232 general modeling settings..............124 splitting parts.................181 sketched cross sections............................................................................................................................115 shortening parts in drawings .......................................................................................................198 sketch thickness ..................................................................................................172 adding parts..............................241 shortening and lengthening parts ................................................80 warping ................................................................ 194.......125 printing...........................................................199 using in models...................184 positioning planes .......................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ......

...38 naming.......................................................39 closing ...............steel parts.....................................189 vertical dimensions .....128 view planes........173 views.........................................................................................................84 transparency settings ...............36 visibility of objects............................ 238 modifying part length............................................................................................................................... 97 on part face ........................................................................................................................................................ 97 tiled surface treatment............ 96 creating new surface treatments ............................................. 96 on all faces of part............. 70.215 refreshing ....... 70 beams ................................... 98 on selected areas............... 100 creating new tile patterns .......................128 visualizing project status..........................................................................36 moving.......................................70........................................................................................161 object types ................................39 temporary .................................................................. 124 numbering history............................................................................................................................................192 vertical position..................................... 39 top-in-form face ................................................... 168 strip footings ..................................... 100 switching between views ....... 219 curved beams..................................................................................................................238 variables in parametric modeling ................................................. 239 copying and moving efficiently ...................................................21 user-defined attributes..61 view depth ...............................................................170 sequence numbers............................................................215 viewing logical areas ....................55 in numbering............................................. 72 surface treatment ........ 240 defining default part properties..................................38 modifying ... 66 assemblies ...........................................................136 t testing sketched cross sections ....................... 242 cutting efficiently................................................................................ 220 polybeams......33 arranging .................................................................................................. 223 sub-assemblies ................................................................................ 68 orthogonal beams ................ 97 on chamfered parts .......................................................................................... 69.......................................... 218 contour plates.................................. 68.............................................................239 properties .................................. 99 modifying..153 user-defined profiles .... 239 modeling identical areas ..................39 creating............................................................................................................................ 239 selecting values from model..........................38 overlapping.......... 97 on parts with openings and recesses.......................................................... 221 storys................ 100 pattern definition example ..............35 deleting............... 221 u user interface in Model Editor ..........................................................................53 v values selecting from model .....214 twin profiles..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................69............................................................... 95 adding .........36 view types. 237 finding RGB values for colors.183 vertical constraints.......78............................................................................................................................................................. 72 welding to existing assembly..39 switching between views ........................... 197 tiled surface treatment............................................................................................ 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 .......................................................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...............................................35 view planes..................................................................................................................................................37 view settings ...................................................................... 104 tips activating overlapping views .....96............................... 119.....35 opening....176 in sketching ....................................................67............... 71 bolting to existing assembly .......... 218 columns........................................................................66.......170 models.... 101 pattern definitions.................................................................................. 241 placing objects .................. 67 twin profiles ...................................................................................................................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ............................ 242 right-hand rule .. 238 creating horizontal parts....................................................................................................... 98 on cut faces.......................................................... 103 pattern elements ...............................................................

..........................26 hiding .............................................. 128 defining .............................................................................................................................................91 creating..........................................120 zoom settings..................93 weld types..........27 restoring...................................................21 z zooming using Magnifier ................................................... 93........231 welding sub-assemblies ........w warping beams............................................................................................................................................28 shifting ........................................................................................120 zooming in or out ............. 91......................................................................................................26 work plane.......................................................................................94 weld position.......................72 wire frame views ....................92 weld preparation ...................................................... 94 numbering...........................36 work area ...................91..............93 single-part welds.............120 zoom window ..................................................................................................234 polygon welds.................................. 25..................................... 114 welds.......27 workspace in Model Editor......113 concrete slabs ........................................... 113...............................................................................................94 weld size prefixes ......................................113 concrete parts...120 with keyboard shortcuts ........ 229 between parts ............................................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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