Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

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.......... Materials.......................................... Creating a steel beam ................... Creating an orthogonal beam.....................3 Creating a steel column........................................................................... Colors .................................................................... Levels .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Position on the work plane ... Creating a sub-assembly ....................................................................................... Creating a nested assembly ....................................... Position depth .......................................................... 3.............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Moving a part using handles . Showing part labels in a view .......................................................................................................................................................................................Changing the profile of a part ............................................................................. 57 Steel parts................................................... Creating a round contour plate ........................................................................................................ Creating a twin profile............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Parametric profiles ................................................................................................................. Using bolts to create assemblies ........................................................................................................................................................................ Adding parts to an assembly ................................................................................................................................................4 Creating an assembly......................................................................................................................................................................................... Standard profiles ............ Vertical position ............................................ 3............................................. Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ..................................................................................................................................... Changing the material of a part .......................................................................... 66 Assemblies.................................................................. Showing part reference lines in model views ...... Horizontal position .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a steel polybeam.............................. Creating a contour plate .............................................................................................................................................................. Bending ..................................................................................................................................... Part labels ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a curved beam .............................................. Rotation ....................... End offsets ............................................................................................................. Assembly hierarchy ............................... User-defined attributes .......................................................................................................................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ................................................ Modifying the position of a part ........................................... User-defined profiles ............................................. 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......... Using welds to create assemblies ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Adding objects to assemblies................................. 3...........

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3............................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a round slab ........................................ Creating a strip footing ................................... 4...................................................................................................................................... Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit .......... Creating a concrete polybeam ..................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Casting direction ............2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes.................. Exploding a cast unit ............................................................................................................................... Assembly examples ......................................................................................................... Defining the cast unit type............................................. Creating a concrete beam......1 Bolts................................................................................................................................................................................................ Defining the casting direction of a part ................................................................................................................................................. 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ........................................................................................................ Changing the main assembly ....................................... Bolt group shape .................... 81 4 Detailing Structures ...... Changing the assembly main part .................................................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 89 Creating round holes................................... 85 Creating a bolt group............. Bolt group position ..................... 89 Creating slotted holes .................................................................................. Changing or adding bolted parts .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing................................................... 77 Cast units....... Highlighting objects in an assembly . Creating a concrete column ......................................................................... Adding objects to cast units ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing the top-in-form face ....... 85 4.................Joining assemblies ................................ 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Changing the cast unit main part ........................................................................................................................................................ Bolt offsets ....................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete panel ............................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit .. Removing objects from a cast unit ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Highlighting objects in a cast unit... 3.......................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a single bolt .......... Exploding an assembly .................................................................................................................

Modifying the shape of a polygon....................................... Fittings................................ 103 Tile pattern elements ................................................................................................ Creating a fitting ........................................................ 101 Tile pattern definitions ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area ........................................... Warping a beam using deformation angles ..........Creating oversized holes..... 91 Creating a weld between parts......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ....................................................................................................................... 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ....................................................... Creating a polygon weld..................................................5 Fine-tuning part shape ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Polybeam chamfers ................................................................................ 100 Creating new tile patterns ...................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment.... Warping concrete parts ................. 104 Chamfers.......................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face .................. Manually preparing a part for welding ....................................................................................................................................... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ...................................................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ................................................................................ Chamfering part edges ................... 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ........................................................................................... 4.............................................................................. Corner chamfer types and dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .... 98 Creating new surface treatment options............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Weld size prefixes ........................................ 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a weld to a part ............................................................... Weld position ............................................. Cutting parts with a line .............................................. Cuts .................................. Chamfering part corners ............................................................... Polygon cuts ..................................... Part cuts ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cutting parts with another part ............ 99 Tiled surface treatment........................................................................................... 90 4...... 100 Example pattern definition ..................................... 104 4................................................................................................................ Weld preparation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Cutting parts with a polygon ..........................................................3 Welds .................... Line cuts ......................................................

............ 116 Combining two parts into one............................................................................................................. Creating a screenshot............... 118 Splitting a plate or slab..................1 Viewing the model .. Lengthening a part in drawings .................... Showing parts with exact lines ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Zooming with Magnifier .......... Hiding selected parts......................................... Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Inquiring object properties................................... Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .............................................................. Showing and hiding assemblies.......................... Cambering a part ............................................ Modifying the zoom settings ........... 119 5.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Flying through the model.........................7 Splitting parts ............................ 118 5 Examining the Model...................................3 Defining which objects are displayed ..... Shortening a part in drawings .... 126 Showing and hiding objects .......................................................................... Rotating the model ................................................................................................ 116 Attaching a part to another part........................................................................... Representation options ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a clip plane ............................ Printing a screenshot ......................................................... Using the Custom Inquiry tool .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ....................................................... 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model ................................................................................................................................................................................ Object property report templates ............................................................................................................................... Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ............... Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................. 117 4.................. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista ......................................................................................................... 119 Zooming the model .............................6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts............................................................................................................................................................................................ 5...................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers ............................................................................................................... 4............................................................................. Moving the model............................ Cambering parts..................................... Shortening and lengthening parts .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Hiding unselected parts................. 5........................ 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ....................................................................................................................

........................................................................... Detecting clashes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................. 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ................................................................................................................................................. Clash Check Manager ...................................................... Creating object representation settings .................................................................................... 152 Identical parts ........................................................................................................................ Deleting object representation settings ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Finding clashes in a model .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part .. 152 Identical reinforcements ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Copying object representation settings to another model ............................................ 151 6.......................................................................................................... Example: Creating object representation settings .......... Example: Creating object groups ......................................................3 Defining numbering series .......................................................................... Example: Defining an erection schedule .................................................................................................................. 135 Checking the model ........ Deleting visualization settings ........................................................................................... Object groups ............ Copying visualization settings to another model ... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ........ Object representation settings..................................... 5............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting an object group ......... 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status....................... 153 Planning your numbering series.............................. Comparing parts or assemblies..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying an object group to another model ..................................................................................................................................................................................5 Measuring objects ............................................................2 What is numbering ....................... Finding distant objects..............................................................Showing and hiding components ........................... Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ................................................................ Reverting to the old clash checking functionality ...................1 6................................................................................................................................ Measuring distances ...... 142 6 Numbering the Model............................ 151 What affects numbering ............................... Creating an object group ........................................................................... Measuring angles .................................................................................................. Example: Creating visualization settings ....... Measuring bolt spacing ................................... 5..................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ....... 153 6..........................................................................................................................................4 Creating a visualization ..............................................

........................................................................................................................... Modifying the sequence number of a part........................................................................................................................................................ 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling.................................... 6...................................................................................... Clearing numbers...................................................................................... Assigning family numbers .................................. Creating a standard-part model ...... Example: Numbering settings during a project . Changing numbers..................................................................................................... 171 Custom phase properties ...................................... Example: Numbering parts in selected phases................................................ Overlapping numbering series ...................................1 Organizing the model......................................................................................................................................... Creating object type categories..................................................................................................... Control numbers......................... Assigning control numbers to parts ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding parts to a sequence ............................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects............................................ 161 Repairing numbering errors . 6................................ 171 Dividing the model into phases ...................................................................................6 6. Changing the family number of an object ...... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases..................... Example: Using family numbers.............................. Viewing logical areas and object type categories .............................................................................. Numbering reinforcements........................ Assembly position numbers ....................................................................................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories.............................................. 172 Creating a sequence ........................... 162 Example: Numbering identical beams...................................................................................... 7.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Checking the sequence of a part ........................................................................................................................ 172 173 173 173 173 7.. 156 Viewing the numbering history........................................................................................................................ Locking and unlocking control numbers ....................................................................................................................................3 Sequences............................................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories........................Family numbers...........................................4 Lotting .......................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units .................................................................................................... 167 Creating logical areas .......................... Example: Numbering selected part types ............................................................................................................ 167 7...................................................................................................................................................................................... 171 7....................................................................................................................... 161 Numbering examples.................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting a sequence ..............................................................................................................................................5 6............................................................................................................................................................................... Saving preliminary numbers..............................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7.............................................. Modifying chamfers in a sketch .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ....................................................................................................................... Adding a coincident constraint ............................................................................................................................................................... Deleting a constraint ................................................................................... 176 Sketched cross sections ................................ Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ..................................................................... Adding a parallel constraint .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Sketch Browser ........................................................................................... Adding a vertical constraint ...................................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch ................ Checking a sketched cross section ............................................................................... Part positioning planes .........................................................................................6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Showing and hiding positioning planes ............................................................................................... Deleting a dimension from a sketch ...................................................................................................................... Sketching the outline of a cross section ...................................................................... Saving a sketched cross section ........................................................................................................................................................ Adding parts to a lot ..... Modifying a sketched cross section..................................................................................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................................................................................................................... Moving positioning plane handles .......................................................................................................................... Connection positioning planes .............................................. Adding a fixed constraint ......................................................................Creating a lot ............................................. Sketching a circle ........................................................................ Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section..................... Sketching an arc ......... Cross section extrusion types .................... Setting the sketch thickness ........... Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ............................................................................................................................................................................................... Removing parts from a lot .............................. Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section................................................................ Adding a horizontal constraint .............. Reverting to default positioning planes ..... Adding a perpendicular constraint ............................... Moving positioning planes ..................................................................................................................................... Variables ......................................................................................5 7.......... Deleting a lot .... Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ................................................................................................................................................................................. 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ....................................................................................................................................................................... Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ............................................................................................................................................. Sketching a polyline ..........

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 General settings................................... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section............................................................................................................................... Pad footing properties........................ 227 Bolt properties....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 217 Steel column properties .............................................................................................. Twin profile properties................................................................................................................................................................................................... Importing sketched cross sections ...... Steel beam properties ........................................................................................................................... 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8..................................................................... Screenshot settings........................................ Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ............................................................................................................................................................... Contour plate properties........................................................................................................... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings................................................................................... Grid line properties......................................................................................................................................................................................... 211 Grid properties ............................................................................................................................................................................3 Part properties ................................................................................................................................ Strip footing properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 216 8........................................................................................................................ Example: Using the cross section in a model .......................................... Creating an image of a sketched cross section ................4 Detail properties.......................... 211 8................................................................................................................................................................................................... 227 Weld properties ................. Concrete panel properties.................................................................................................................... 215 View properties ........ Rotation settings ....................... Point properties ............................................ Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ............................. Concrete column properties .......................................................................................... Example: Setting the cross section thickness .......................................................................................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section .............................................................................................................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ................................................................................ Exporting sketched cross sections .................................................................... 215 Grid view properties ............................................................................... Transparency settings......2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings.......... 229 Weld types .................................................................................................. Orthogonal beam properties ............ 215 Display settings .......................................... Concrete slab properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8................................ Concrete beam properties............ 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ................................................... Color settings ............................................................................................................................................................................................. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ...

......................... 235 9 Modeling Tips ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Modifying part length ........................................................................................... Selecting values from the model ........................................... Modeling identical areas..............................................................................................................................Corner chamfer properties ................................ 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips................................................................................................................................ 237 Defining default part properties ......................................................................................................................................... Copying and moving efficiently............................................ Hiding cut lines in a view ...................................... Cutting efficiently .................................................................. Activating an overlapping view .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 237 9............................................................................................................................................................... 234 Control number settings .................................................... 232 8.....................................5 Numbering settings ........................................... Creating horizontal parts ...............................................................................................................................................................1 General modeling tips ............................. 233 Weld numbering settings................................................................................ Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern.................................................... Right-hand rule.. Finding RGB values for colors...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Optional ways of placing objects in a model ........ 232 Edge chamfer properties ............ 9.................................................................... 233 General numbering settings ..................................... Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ............. 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .................................................................................................................................................................................

Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p. as they react to modifications in the model.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. such as reports and NC data files. you can create a real-life model of any structure. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. 18) 1. 17) Model templates (p. 16) Opening a model (p. create. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. and save models in Tekla Structures. 15) Creating a new model (p. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. 17) Saving a model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 .

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 43) 2.2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 42) Reference models (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. 27) Coordinate system (p.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 28) Grids (p. When you open or create a model. 33) Construction objects (p. 29) Views (p. 21) Work area (p. 40) Points (p. 25) Work plane (p. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive. the icons and available menu options will become active. Initially. a new window appears on the screen.

and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions.

. and so on. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 2.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . To use the default background color. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2. leave the advanced option fields empty. 239) Background color examples (p. Finding RGB values for colors (p.. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. > Model View. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. set the same value for all four corners of the background. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. 3.

0 0.0 0.0 Result 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.0 1.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.RGB values 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.

dashed lines. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .7 0.RGB values 0.6 1.6 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 Result 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.0 0.7 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 1. 239) 2.3 0.3 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.2 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 0.

For more information on each command. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. > Model View. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model.. This can be useful. 5. Click OK or Apply. see the corresponding menu tooltip. click View > Redraw All again. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. Click View > Redraw All. 3. See also Work area (p. To define the work area: 1. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area. 2. set the advanced option to FALSE.. 2. See also Defining the work area (p.You can define the work area to suit particular situations. for example. or size the work area to include selected parts. Alternatively. or all model objects. 1. Objects outside the work area still exist. for example. To make the box visible again. when creating screenshots for presentations. 4. You can define the work area in a selected view. 26) Hiding the work area (p. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. or in all visible views. Tekla Structures hides the work area. To make the work area visible again. but they are not visible. you can hide the green work area box. Work area (p. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box.

2. See also Shifting the work plane (p. To display the work plane grid. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar. When modeling sloped parts. The work plane also has its own grid. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. parallel to one of the global basic planes. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. see the corresponding menu tooltip. The current work plane is model-specific. For example creating points. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. For example. part positioning. which is the local coordinate system of the model. For more information on each command. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. To shift the work plane: 1. or on a part or view plane. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. so it is the same in all views. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p.2. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. 28) Right-hand rule (p.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. 3. which can be used for positioning parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 .

For example. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Click OK. y.See also Work plane (p. To restore the default work plane: 1. See also Work plane (p. 2. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 3.. > Model View. 2.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p.0 0.. Click Change. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.0 0. Work plane (p. 3. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. 4. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. 4. Set Depth coordinate to 0. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view.. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane.0.. to change the color to red. Set Plane to XY. set the value to 1. 239) 2.

Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . See also Work plane (p.In wire frame views. the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 36) 2. 27) View types (p. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.

5. and Z0. See also Click Create. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. 30) Coordinate system (p. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. 0 4000 4000. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. 29) Grid coordinates (p. 31) Grid lines (p..You can have more than one grid in a model. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. 3.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. The z coordinates are absolute. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. 2. 0 2*4000. Y0. 30) Grid labels (p. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. Grids (p. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. Click Modeling > Create Grid. and Z0. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Modify the grid properties. 31) Deleting a grid (p. 31) Grid properties (p. See also Creating a grid (p. If you do not pick a point. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties.. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. 30) Modifying a grid (p. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. For example. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. Optional: When prompted. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry. For example. 4. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. Y0. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. To manually create a grid: 1. 31) Changing the grid color (p. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0. You can also create grids manually. See also Creating a grid (p.

29) Creating a grid (p. Modify the grid properties. is selected. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. 4. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. See also Grids (p. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them. If the coordinate check boxes are selected. 29) Grid properties (p.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. 2. 3. not the grid. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. 3. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. If you wish. When working with very large grids. Grids (p. 2. See also Click Modify to save the changes. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. If you have also other objects selected. is selected. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. you can leave the label fields empty. The Grid dialog box appears. See also Grids (p. When you delete a grid.

Click OK. to change the color to red. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. You can use handles to move the grid lines. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. When you select a grid line. Pick the end point of the grid line. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR.0. 2. 4.. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. For example. Single grid lines have handles. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 3. 4.. the handles appear in magenta. 2.0 0. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 33) Moving a part using handles (p.0 0. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 3. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. See also Grids (p. set the value to 1. 29) Creating a single grid line (p.1. Pick the starting point of the grid line. See also Grids (p. > Model View. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1.

When you delete a grid line. not the grid line. 2. 3. 32) Grid line properties (p. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. See also Grid lines (p. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . ensure that you do not have any other objects selected.See also Grid lines (p. is selected. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. See also is selected. Click Modify to save the changes. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. Grid lines (p. If you also have other objects selected. 32) 2. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window. 2. 4. 3. For example. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. Modify the grid line properties. The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears.

38) Switching between open views (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. 38) Modifying a view (p. See also Creating a view (p. 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 39) Refreshing views (p. 38) Deleting a view (p. 35) Opening a view (p. and elevation views provide different types of information.When you need to see a specific part clearly. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. 39) Arranging views (p. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . This places the part in the center of the view. plane. create a 3D view of the part. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. which is useful for different tasks.

c See also Click Modify. see the corresponding menu tooltip.If you are working with two screens. 36) Creating grid views (p. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. 2. disappear when you close them. 35) View types (p. or the view will not be saved for later use. In multi-user mode. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. which have a default name in parentheses. Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. 35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . 3. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Optional: Save the view. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. See also Views (p. When you exit the model. so you do not have to give each view a specific name. Temporary views. See also Creating a view (p. Views (p. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. it is very important to give views unique names. 215) About naming views (p. For more information on each command. If several users have different views with the same name. 36) View planes (p. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. 33) View settings (p. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. b Type a unique name in the Name field. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. Select a view command from the View menu.

Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. 35) Representation options (p. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . In basic views. In the basic plane view. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. • See also Creating a view (p. xz. It does not appear in the plane name. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. and zy). Points that are located outside the view plane are red. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name. 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses.

Click Move. you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. Click the view. 4. 3. 5. Pick the starting point of the translation vector. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane.Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Moving a view plane (p.. When you move a view plane. If the Move . or enter its coordinates. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. See also View planes (p. depending on the creation method.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. 2.. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. Pick the end point of the translation vector. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Other views For view types other than basic views. or the points are defined automatically. To move the view plane: 1. or enter its coordinates. 37) Creating a view (p. from the pop-up menu. The view plane coordinate equals this distance. click the Pick button to re-activate the command.

You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create.. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. If the view does not appear. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists.. and all visible views on the right... The Views dialog box appears. or double-click a view to open it. Select the grid. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. 3. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. Before you start. To open multiple views. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. 35) Grid view properties (p. 2. Modify the view properties. and which view properties it will use. create a view that contains a grid. See also Views (p. 2. how it will name the views. Views (p. Tekla Structures displays a warning. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. 5.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. Click Create. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. 3. 4. The Views dialog box appears. Modify the grid properties. 33) View settings (p. Click Modify. If you try to open more than nine views. check how many views you have open. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Click View > View List. 2.. To create grid views: 1. See also Creating a view (p. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1.

33) Switching between open views (p. 2. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. See also Views (p. select an option from the Angle list box.1. Click View > View List. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 . 3. Click Delete. Views (p. Click View > Redraw All. The Views dialog box appears. In the View Properties dialog box. and then click Modify. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. select a view from the list.. Views (p. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. and all visible views on the right. To delete multiple views. Select the view you want to delete. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. Views (p. On the Window menu.. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane.. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list.

They do not appear in drawings. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. Tekla Structures draws the plane. For example. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 3. 2. 33) 2. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. See also Creating a construction plane (p. and circles help you place other objects. Type a name for the plane. 40) Creating a construction line (p. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. See also Views (p. 4. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. When you move the plane. lines. You cannot use the Cascade.7 Construction objects Construction planes. rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. Click View > Close All. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT.To arrange the views. 5. 6. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. Double-click the plane in the model. For example. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. select the Magnetic check box. Click the middle mouse button. Pick four points. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. Tile Horizontally.

Pick the end point of the construction line. Click Modify. a Double-click the line in the model. Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. For more information on each command. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 4. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. 3. c Click Modify. b Select the Magnetic check box.7. 2. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. Pick the starting point of the construction line. See also Construction objects (p. See also Construction objects (p. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. See also Construction objects (p.

212) Creating a point To create a point: 1. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. For more information on each command. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. see the corresponding menu tooltip.2. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. See also Creating a point (p. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. Points (p. Create a point import file. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. 42) Point properties (p. 2. 42) Importing points (p. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. To import points from a file: 1. When you create points. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. In some cases this file is generated by another software package.

Click Create. 4.1000 300.700. During the import process.rop. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. *. If you do not specify the path. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. For example: 100. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. Type the ASCII file name.500. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. a plant design model. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. 7. 6.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point.prp) Cadmatic models (*. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. Double-click Point Creation Import (8).IFC) IGES files (*.dwg) MicroStation (*. 3.dxf) AutoCAD (*. or a heating. See also Points (p. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. *. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . Type point in the Search field and click Search. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.1500 2.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. 42) 2.3dd) IFC files (*.dgn.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. Include the full path and the file extension. b Save the file. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *.igs. For example. See also Inserting a reference model (p. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p. 5. an architectural model.

inp file. Set the scale of the reference model. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. Click File > Reference Model List. or you forget to click Apply. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model. If you do not define a reference model file to use. 3.. 4. Open a Tekla Structures model. 6. For more information on user-defined attributes.. the file does not exist. see Adding properties. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. 2. if it uses different measurement units). 7.Updating reference models (p.. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. Click the Browse. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. 2... 45) Viewing reference model layers (p. 4. Modify the properties and then click Modify. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. Click User-defined attributes. Click File > Insert Reference Model. button to browse for the reference model file.. See also Reference models (p. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. Check the work plane position. 3. 46) Reference model objects (p. 5.

See also Reference models (p.ifc) Cadmatic (. 2. Click Reload all... Reference models (p. Click File > Reference Model List. Select a reference model from the list. To update all reference models: 1. 2.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures. Reference models (p. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (..3dd) WebViewer (. but the changes are rarely documented. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. 2. switch. you can highlight them.. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. To highlight a reference model: 1. See also Click File > Reference Model List. See also Reference models (p.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . Click File > Reference Model List. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. 2...xml) 3D DWG (. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated.

Double-click the reference model. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects.To view changes in a reference model: 1. To view reference model layers: 1. 43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model.. select Inserted to see the added objects. See also Reference models (p. button next to the Old file name field. Click Display. Double-click the reference model. 2. 4. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. 3. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. For example. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model.. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

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77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. 51) Steel parts (p. Icon Description A standard profile. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. Open the Select Profile dialog box. button next to the Profile field. 53) Parametric profiles (p. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. 52) Standard profiles (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. 53) User-defined profiles (p. click the Select.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. 2.. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . A parametric profile. and user-defined profiles. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog. parametric. 66) Concrete parts (p. When you create or modify a part. • For steel parts..

52) Sketched cross sections (p. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. • To see all the properties of profiles. environmentspecific profiles. For example. • To select a recently used profile. Select a profile from the list. click the button next to the Shape field. select the Show details check box. use the Profile name list box. By default. with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. For concrete parts. Click Modify. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. 6. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. 4. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. See also Profiles (p. See also Profiles (p. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. and *. See also Profiles (p. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. • 5. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. /. X. the profile catalog contains standard. you could create a pitched user-defined profile.• 3. so you should not edit them. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . select the Show all profiles check box. If you select a parametric profile. but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. See also Profiles (p. Click Apply or OK.

partial safety factors. next to the Material field. • To see all the properties of materials. Click Apply or OK. • 4. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. or names used in different countries or standards. 5. such as strengths. 2. 6. including the modulus of elasticity. Select a material from the list. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. Click Select. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. The Select Material dialog box appears. For example. For example.Materials When you create or modify a part. 3. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog.. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. Click Modify. Poisson’s ratio. or country-specific properties. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box.. select the Show details check box. they can be former names. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. and thermal dilatation coefficient. porosity. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. select the Show aliases check box. and so on. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. See also Materials (p. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. text. When drawings of the parts are created. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . or in projects. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. or lists. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p.. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. Attributes can consist of numbers. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups. In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings.

3. Tension. 4. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels.4 Connection code Can be used. To protect objects from being accidentally changed.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults.. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults. See also Part properties (p. See also Part properties (p. user-defined attributes.. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. Click Display. go to the Advanced tab.. In the Display dialog box. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . and Moment User field 1. Select the Part label check box... 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.. User-defined fields. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. 2.

2 Part position When you create a part.5. 3. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . Part labels (p. just drag the part to a new position. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. See also Moving a part using handles (p. When you select a part. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. The points form the part reference line. 6. If Drag and Drop is switched on. The Part label dialog box appears. Select the part. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. The handle of the first end point is yellow. 2. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. you position it by picking points. for example. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. 56) 3. Click Modify. a Select a property in the Properties list. 58) Part positioning tips (p. 7. See also Part position (p. the rest are magenta. Tekla Structures displays the handles. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. Move the part like any other object. b Click Add. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. Select the handles. c Enter the attribute name and click OK.

select the Part reference line check box. Plane offset. 2. • • • To change the overall position of the part. On the Position tab. Click Display. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. enter a value in the corresponding box. Click and drag to select a position.. 3. Click in the Mini Toolbar. or Depth offset. To change the Angle. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. Click Modify and OK. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1.. Modify the settings. The object moves in the model accordingly. 2. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. Part position (p. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . click and drag the green rotation angle knob.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. 4. For example. Hold down Shift to override this. 3. On the Advanced tab. modify the desired position settings.. To change the rotation angle. Click Modify.. See also Position on the work plane (p. See also Click View > View Properties. 2. to open the Display dialog box. use the round selection dial.

65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 63) Levels (p. To do this. 62) End offsets (p. 60) Vertical position (p. 64) Bending (p. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . 59) Position depth (p. 61) Horizontal position (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane.Rotation (p.

you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . perpendicular to the work plane. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation. 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis.

Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 . 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.

58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part.Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . relative to its reference point.

Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. You can enter positive and negative values. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line. relative to its reference line. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 .

Use to define the position of the second end. In this example. the concrete columns form a two-story structure. not at the level you picked. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . To position the upper columns correctly. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end. you can enter the positions of the part ends. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). relative to the picked point. you must modify their bottom level position.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

Top level = 1000. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. the less angular the part appears. which is relative to the current work plane. Alternatively. you need to specify the number of segments. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. for example a curved beam. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. You can also define the plane of curvature. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature.

66) Creating a steel beam (p. 3. 58) 3. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. Pick the position of the column. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 68) Creating a contour plate (p.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 2. See also Creating a steel column (p. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. Click the Create column icon. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p.

218) Levels (p.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 2. Click the Create polybeam icon. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Click the Create beam icon. 3. 3. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. See also Steel column properties (p. 2. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 4. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the starting point. You can also create bent plates with this command. Pick the end point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. See also Steel beam properties (p. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored.

3. Pick a point on the arc (2). or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 2. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. Click the Create curved beam icon. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. Double-click the end point. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. Pick the starting point. See also Steel beam properties (p. Optional: To create curved segments. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties. 106) Steel beam properties (p. 2. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 5. Pick the starting point (1). 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate.4. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. 5. Pick the starting point again. Click the Create contour plate icon. 3. 4. 218) Bending (p. To create a contour plate: 1. Pick the end point (3). the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. 4.

from the list box. Select the plate. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 2. 3. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 5. Click Modify. 69) Contour plate properties (p.. 4. 6.. Pick the position of the beam. 3. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. 2. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 68) Contour plate properties (p. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. See also Creating a contour plate (p. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. 7. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. 219) Chamfers (p.

or by joining assemblies together. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. See also Creating an assembly (p. You can change the main part in an assembly.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Pick the starting point. 4. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. 221) 3. Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. See also Twin profile properties (p. To create a twin steel profile: 1. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. 3. 2. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. By default. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. Pick the end point.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together.

The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. 76) Assembly examples (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 3. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Assemblies (p. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. 3.Exploding an assembly (p. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 2. Assemblies (p. 2. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. Creating an assembly (p.

To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. 4. Click Apply or OK. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 6. 3. 2. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. 2. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. In the Connect part/assembly list box. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 6. Pick the bolt group origin. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. You can create workshop welds and site welds. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. In the Connect part/assembly list box. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. select As sub-assembly. Assemblies (p. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. 5. Click Apply or OK. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Using welds to create assemblies (p.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 4. select As sub-assembly. 7. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. When you connect assemblies. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. 5. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 3.

74) Creating a nested assembly (p. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. See also Assemblies (p. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. To work with nested assemblies. 75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. 74) Joining assemblies (p.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. through the basic and sub-assemblies. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . 75) Changing the main assembly (p. from single parts and bolts.

You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. etc. 4. 4. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. for all assembly levels. marks. Select the assembly to add to. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the assembly to add to. 2.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select the part you want to add. Adding objects to assemblies (p. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 3. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. fabrication information. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. 3. and still produce dimensions. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

4. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. Assemblies (p. Select the assemblies you want to join. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. See also Select the new main assembly. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 3. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Adding objects to assemblies (p. 2. c Select the assembly. 3. 2. 2. 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Select the new main part. You can change the main assembly at any time. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. See also Changing the main assembly (p. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Tekla Structures changes the main part. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 . a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1.

Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. and then attached to the column in another workshop. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .main part Steel part . • To only explode the sub-assembly.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop. 2. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy.main part Concrete . right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. To explode an assembly: 1. See also Assemblies (p. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. always starting from the highest level.

79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Assemblies (p. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. See also Creating a pad footing (p. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. In a frame of built-up columns and beams.Drawing 2. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 .

Creating a concrete slab (p. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Strip footing properties (p. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. 3. chamfer the corners of the footing. 3. Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. Pick the position of the column. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. Click the Create strip footing icon. 3. Click the Create pad footing icon. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Pick the pad footing position. 2. Click the Create concrete column icon. 4. 5. Double-click the end point. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. Optional: To create curved segments. 2. See also Pad footing properties (p. 2. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1.

Pick the end point. 2. Optional: To create curved segments. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties.See also Concrete column properties (p. Pick the starting point. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. 5. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. 3. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. 3. Double-click the end point. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. 2. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. 4. chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . Click the Create concrete beam icon.

Pick the starting point. 3. Click Modify. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. Click the Create concrete slab icon. 6. 4. See also Creating a round slab (p. 5. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. from the list box. Pick the starting point again. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. 4. To create a concrete slab: 1. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 2. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 3. Select the slab. 5. 106) Concrete beam properties (p. 2. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Pick the corner points of the slab. 7. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking.

You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. 225) Chamfers (p. Double-click the end point.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. For example. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1. 104) 3. Click the Create concrete panel icon. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. 2. 5. Cast units can include reinforcement. 3. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. 4. You can change the main part in a cast unit. Optional: To create curved segments. See also Creating a cast unit (p. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. chamfer the corners of the panel. By default. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit. each part is considered a separate cast unit. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . or click the middle mouse button to finish picking.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. as well as concrete parts.

3. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. Select the new main part. 3. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. such as steel parts and insulation. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. 2. 3. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 2. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 3. See also Cast units (p. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. This applies to anything that is not concrete. 2. 4. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. Cast units (p. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. 83) Casting direction (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. Adding objects to cast units (p. Adding objects to cast units (p. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 2. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. 4. Select an object in the cast unit. Select the objects you want to add.

select Precast or Cast in place.main part Concrete . Select the objects you want to remove. 2. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Cast units (p. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit. Go to the Cast unit tab. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. 2. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From. 3. 2.main part Steel part . See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. 2. To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. 4.See also Adding objects to cast units (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . In the Cast unit type list box.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Cast units (p. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. Cast units (p. Click Modify to save the changes.

2. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. Casting direction (p. See also Cast units (p. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. See also Casting direction (p.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. 2. use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. Select a concrete part. To hide the top-in-form face again. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. 3. See also Select a concrete part. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face.

85) Holes (p. 117) 4. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 116) Splitting parts (p. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 89) Welds (p. 104) Combining parts (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures.1 Bolts To create bolts. 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p.

You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Bolts (p. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. 4. 7. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. which is the bolt group origin. 227) Bolt group shape (p. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 85) Bolt properties (p. Select the main part. 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. 6. See also Creating a bolt group (p. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. and nuts) while creating holes. Explode the component. 86) Bolt group position (p. See also Apply a component. Modify the bolt group. 3. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 5. Select the secondary parts.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. washers. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. 3. 2. Pick a point. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. 2. 87) Bolt offsets (p. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one.

86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . Diameter of the bolt group. y coordinate of each bolt. in the x direction of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. x coordinate of each bolt. from the bolt group point of origin. Number of bolts. Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. in the y direction of the bolt group. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p.

5. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. 85) Bolt properties (p. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. 2. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. The starting point values Dx. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. Under Bolt group. Bolts (p. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. relative to the bolt group x axis. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. type 0. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. 4. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. select Array from the Shape list box. Click Apply to save the changes. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 3. Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked.

See also Bolts (p. 4. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. 2. 3.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. If you do not want to create any bolts. When prompted. Before creating holes. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Optional: Modify the hole properties. 85) 4. 5. reselect the main and secondary parts. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . 2. Holes (p. To create round holes: 1. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 89) Creating oversized holes (p. Click Apply to save the changes. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.1.

Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. Holes (p. 3. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. For example. 8. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. See also Click Apply to save the changes. To indicate which parts should be slotted. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. If you do not want to create any bolts. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. 5. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. select Slotted.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 2. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. In the Hole type list box. if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 4.

Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. 2. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. If you are creating a workshop weld. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. If you do not want to create any bolts. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. 7. In the Oversize field. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 86) 4. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. 3. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. If you are creating a workshop weld. enter the allowance for the oversized hole.1. Holes (p. In the Hole type list box. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. Click Apply to save the changes. Optional: Modify the weld properties. 94) Weld preparation (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . 4. this is the main part of the assembly. without connecting any other parts. 5. Select the part to weld to. 4. 2. select Oversized. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. this is the secondary part of the assembly. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. or use a component that automatically creates welds. 6. Select the part to be welded. 3. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.

Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. 91) Weld properties (p. Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. 91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Example The following image shows welds in different positions. or z). 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p. y. 229) Weld position (p. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane.

If you are creating a workshop weld. Select the part to be welded. 4. If you are creating a workshop weld. 2. The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. this is the main part of the assembly. 5. pick the points you want the weld to go through. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected. Select the part to weld to. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. Pick the starting and end point.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. this is the secondary part of the assembly. or alternatively. 3.

91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. To prevent automatic weld preparation. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. or alternatively. pick the points you want the weld to go through.See also Welds (p. 3. Select the part that you want to cut. 4. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. use the SPD profile. See also Welds (p. 2. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. or apply a component that does it automatically. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. Pick the starting and end point. Select the part that you want to weld. without connecting any other parts: 1. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. 2. See also Welds (p. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1.

94) 4. The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated.g. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part. you change the size of a part). When you create overlapping surface treatments. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. for example.3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . surface mixes. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p. Select the cutting part. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. and tiles.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes.

5. See also Surface treatment (p. 3. In the Surface treatment name list box. Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment.. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. 8. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. The options are Middle. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. 4. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p.. 9. 2. 6.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. select the specific surface treatment. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. Click the Select. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.. See also Surface treatment (p. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. In the Type list box. select the type of surface treatment to use. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. to select a material from the catalog. b On the Pattern tab. In the At depth list box. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . select the location of the surface treatment. Front. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. select Tile surface from the Type list box. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p. and Behind.. 7.

See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. 2. 4. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. 3. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 3. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. 2. 3. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. Pick the origin of the surface treatment.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. b Select the part face. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. b Select the part face. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. 4. 2. Pick the direction. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 4. 2.

96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. 96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. bottom. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part.5. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. left. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. or right). pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part.

Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. Open the product_finishes. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. To create new surface treatment options: 1. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 .dat file using any text editor.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. The file is located in the .. You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box.

xml file using any text editor.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. MF for Magnesium Float. 4. See also Add rows to define new options. For example. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. 2. a Define the surface treatment type. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. Surface treatment (p. The file is located in the . See also Surface treatment (p. For example. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. Open the TilePatternCatalog. For example. 1 for concrete finish. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 100) Example pattern definition (p. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". b Define a code for the surface treatment option. Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options.. Magnesium Float. Save the file. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file.

104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. Tiled surface treatment (p.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. Save the TilePatternCatalog. 4. 101) Tile pattern definitions (p.xml file. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. and then modify it to suit your needs. Other elements are optional. 3.xml file. 100) Example pattern definition (p.

xml file. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. starting from the origin of the surface treatment.

bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p..xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions. 103) Tile pattern elements (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder. Filenames identify the pattern types. after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 . For example. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog. Located in the . Located in the .xml file.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction..xml file.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. TilePatternCatalog. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p. herringbone.

Required.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. practical. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. concrete slabs.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). 115) Combining parts (p. Required. 108) Cuts (p. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog. 116) Splitting parts (p. Color of the tile or mortar. defined from the origin of the pattern. Optional. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. Optional. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. 100) 4. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. 112) Warping concrete parts (p. and manufacturing reasons. In Tekla Structures. At least one required. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. and concrete panels). you can chamfer part corners and part edges. Required. 104) Fittings (p. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. See also Chamfers (p. 113) Cambering parts (p. Required. steel and concrete polybeams. Tile pattern element. Optional. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. Optional. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . The origin of an individual tile.

2. Double-click the handle of any part corner. 105) Chamfering part edges (p. 5. which does not change the geometry of the part. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. See also Select the part. Chamfers (p. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Click Modify. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. You can modify the default chamfers. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . 3. 4. Modify the chamfer properties. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command.

Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default. You can modify the default chamfers. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment.

a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. 4. 3. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. 5. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge. b Modify the chamfer properties. Select the part you want to chamfer.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. Optional: Modify the chamfer. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. 2. See also Chamfering part corners (p.

104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. Pick the first point of the cutting line. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. 3. c Click OK. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. which passes through the cutting line you pick. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. 2. and so on. perpendicular to the view plane. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. 4. 232) Chamfers (p. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .6. 104) Creating a fitting (p. details. which makes it easier to create connections.

see Fittings affect NC data. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. In situations like this. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. use the Cut Part commands instead. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. You must create cuts in a plane view. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. For more information on how to change this. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. See also Cutting parts with a line (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape. See also Fittings (p. 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick.

You can cut parts that already have cuts. it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. for example. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes. See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. This can be useful.

Pick the second point of the cutting line. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . Pick the side you want to remove. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line. 4. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. 3. For example. 5. 4. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 109) Line cuts (p. See also Cutting parts with another part (p. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. Select the part you want to cut. 3. See also Cuts (p.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. To close the polygon. Select the part you want to cut. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 2. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. 109) Polygon cuts (p. To cut a part with a line: 1. 2. Cuts (p. 5. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1.

Select the part you want to modify. and strip footings. Pick the corner to remove (5). To cut a part with another part: 1. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 3. See also Cuts (p. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. 5. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. Pick an existing corner (1).Cutting parts with another part Before you start. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. 2. 3. 109) Part cuts (p. contour plates. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. Delete the cutting part. Alternatively. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. The part cut does not affect other parts. 4. 6. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. 2. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. Pick another existing corner (4). 3). Select the cutting part. 4. a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. concrete panels. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. concrete slabs.

114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. See also Warping concrete parts (p. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . Modify the chamfer properties. Click Modify to warp the slab. 5. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 4. 2. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. Click Modify to warp the beam. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. Go to the Deforming tab. use the dz1 field. 6. 2. In the Start field. Fine-tuning part shape (p. Move the chamfers. In the End field. relative to the part reference line. • 3. 3. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. use the dz2 field. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. enter the angle of the beam at its end point. To move the lower corner of the chamfer. Click OK to close the dialog box.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. relative to the part reference line. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. For example.

To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. To see the warping angle of a single slab. 8. See also Warping concrete parts (p. 7. 6. 4. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. For example. 2. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu.Linear dialog box. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. Click OK to close the dialog box. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. which warps the slabs. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start.4. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. In the Move . Select the chamfer you want to move. type a value in the appropriate direction field. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. For example. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. and go to the Deforming tab. 5. Click Move. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part.

including the template output. 4. Cambering affects the position of cuts. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . define the degree of camber. Cambering parts (p. 104) Cambering a part (p. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. When drawings are created. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction.See also Warping concrete parts (p. skews. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. In the Cambering field. Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings. 3. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. in other words. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Click Modify. and embeds in the model. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. Go to the Deforming tab.

116) Attaching a part to another part (p. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Go to the Deforming tab. In the Shortening field. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. In the Shortening field. enter a negative value. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 2. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. See also Combining two parts into one (p. 4. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. Go to the Deforming tab. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 2.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 3. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. Shortening and lengthening parts (p. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. Click Modify. define the degree of shortening. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. 115) 4. When you select the parts you want to combine. For example. 3. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. 4. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. Click Modify.

You cannot split polybeams. You can use splitting with straight parts. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. 3. 116) 4. Select the part to attach to.1. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. 2. 3. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Combining parts (p. curved beams without offsets. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Select the second part. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. See also Combining parts (p. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. Select the first part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 . Click Edit > Combine. 2. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. When you combine parts. Select the part you want to attach. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts.

If you split contour plates that have bolts. Select the part you want to split. See also Click Edit > Split. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1. 3. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. and on the same side of the part. 2. 2. Click Edit > Split. See also Splitting parts (p. welds or surface treatments. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. Pick a point for the dividing line. 4. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. 3. check the result after splitting. Splitting parts (p.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Select the part you want to split. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . 124) Creating a screenshot (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel. 128) Visualizing project status (p. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 121) Moving the model (p. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. or a combination of both. 122) Flying through the model (p. 142) 5. you can move and rotate the model. 119) Rotating the model (p. or pull out for a wider view. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p. keyboard shortcuts.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. You can use a mouse. 135) Checking the model (p. Scroll forward to zoom in. and backward to zoom out.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. See also Zooming the model (p.

use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2. press Page Down.If you do not have a wheel mouse. See also Viewing the model (p. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time. For more information on each command. press Page Up. 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. select Wire frame. If this option is off. c Click Modify. 2. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window. b In the View type list box. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. see the corresponding menu tooltip. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. Zooming the model (p. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. • See also To zoom out. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. Open a wire frame view of the model. Create a zoom window. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Place the mouse pointer over the model.

119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. 4. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. Click a starting corner for the zoom window.e 3. menu commands. In wire frame views. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. Click the Magnifier icon. keyboard shortcuts. As you move the pointer in the general view. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . To rotate the model. and then drag the pointer to size the window. zoom in and out in the zoom window. See also Zooming the model (p. To change the level of magnification.

The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. 2. 213) Viewing the model (p. Pick a position in the view. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. and then pick a position in the view. see the corresponding menu tooltip. press v. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. Press Ctrl + R.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. To relocate the center of rotation. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. 3. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Click Modify. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 3. 2. For more information on each command. See also Rotation settings (p. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. 2. 2. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands.

• • To move up or down.. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. 2. 3.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. 3. c Click Modify. Click View > Fly. scroll with the mouse wheel. Use the up. Move the model using the Pan command 1. Drag the mouse to move around in the model. Select a view. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. b In the Projection list box. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. left and right arrows on the keyboard. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. To stop panning. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. The mouse pointer changes to a hand. you can travel through a model.. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. 5. select Perspective. 2. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. or Shift+M. Set view projection to Perspective. To fly through a model: 1. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. You can also adjust the field of view setting. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. > Model View. c Click OK. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. press Esc. drag the mouse in the desired direction. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To activate the middle button pan. down. To change the camera angle. • To change the flying direction. 4.

The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. press Esc. 5. Click View > Create Clip Plane. To finish creating clip planes. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered.. To stop flying. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle.. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. To move a clip plane. Viewing the model (p. press Esc. view. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. To create a clip plane: 1. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. 4. Select a plane. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p.• 6. 2. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. 2. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. See also To delete a clip plane. You can use screenshots in posters. or the entire Tekla Structures window. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. 6. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . brochures.

4. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. Set the desired properties and click OK. select Dialog.. 5. Select Place on clipboard.. 2. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. Under Capture. Creating a screenshot (p. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. select Rendered view. See also Creating a screenshot (p. Click Capture.. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. the screenshot commands might not always work properly.bmp format. as a custom component thumbnail. Creating a screenshot (p. select View without Borders.. To capture the active view. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer.bmp) format to use it. Click Options. 4.. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p.. 7. 125) Screenshot settings (p. select View. To print a screenshot: 1. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. click Pick view and select a view. Click Capture. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. 6.png) files. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in . Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window.3. select Main Frame. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. To capture the active view without borders. 3. 2. for example. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom.

and length of the selected model object. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. within the model. 2. By default. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. Select an object. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen.. weight. See also Inquiring the model (p. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part. or a group of objects. See also Inquiring object properties (p.2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. For more information on how to use templates. See also Inquiring object properties (p. Select a part.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference.5. the tool shows the total area. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 2..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. 126) Object property report templates (p. To inquire object properties: 1. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. See also Inquiring the model (p. see the Template Editor user documentation. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry..rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding.

. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. Open the InquiryTool. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder.. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. 2. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box.. the file contains 65 attributes. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder.config file in the . click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file... *.Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. Change the position number of the new attribute.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder... • 4.config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool.. • To create new calculated attributes. 3. To modify the default attributes. click Edit. 2. AVERAGE. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. • To change the order of the attributes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 . • See also To change the formula of an attribute. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. • To modify the calculated attributes.config file: 1.. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list.. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. or MIN) from the list box. 3. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. MAX. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes. By default.lst file located in the . For example. Click Manage contents. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. Use the InquiryTool. • To add more attributes to the tool window. • To remove attributes from the tool window. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.config file in any standard text editor. -. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool. use the Up and Down buttons. click Add…. and /) to form equations. edit the InquiryTool. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. The file is located in the .

3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. Click Display. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p.. Modify the NAME. 128) Display settings (p. For example. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . DATATYPE. 216) Representation options In rendered views. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 132) Object representation settings (p. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. 5. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area.. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. When you redraw a view. Showing and hiding objects (p. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. to open the Display dialog box. 6. 132) Object groups (p. 126) 5. 128) Representation options (p. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. DISPLAY_NAME.4. UNIT. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. Save the file.lst file. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. 3.

Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 .e. and their surfaces are shaded. parts are transparent. component objects are displayed as Rendered. i. i. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. underlying parts are not visible. component objects are displayed as Rendered. Example In this example. Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent.e. surfaces are not. Parts are transparent. In this example.

3. for example. i. This can be useful.5 and Shift+1. To completely hide the parts. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1.. Select the parts you want to hide.. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. for example. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Showing and hiding objects (p. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All.Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed..5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components.e. The parts are shown as sticks. Click View > Hide Part. To hide selected parts: 1. 2. • • See also To make the parts visible again. This option is useful. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed. Other parts are almost completely transparent. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. parts are not transparent. when viewing clash check results in a large model.

To display a part with exact lines: 1. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. Hide an assembly 1. Right-click and select Redraw View. and other details belonging to the assembly. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. Click View > Redraw All. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the assembly you want to hide. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. 3. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. To make the parts visible again. To completely hide the unselected parts. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . To clear the exact lines effect. click View > Redraw All. welds. 2. cuts. bolts. To show the unselected parts as sticks. 2. See also Select the part. Showing and hiding objects (p. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. 3. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. Showing and hiding objects (p. 2. The unselected parts become almost transparent. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. 4. fittings. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. Tekla Structures displays all parts. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command.

and Condition list boxes. 133) Deleting an object group (p. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 3. welds. Click Object group. a Click Add row. Right-click and select Redraw View. 128) Creating an object group (p. and other details belonging to the component. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. 128) Refreshing views (p.. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. d Add more rows. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects.. Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1. Property. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component. type a value or select one from the model. 128) Refreshing views (p. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. c In the Value list box.Representation dialog box. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Click View > Redraw All. 2. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. b Select options from the Category.. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules.. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. 133) Visualizing project status (p. Select the component you want to hide. 2. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. Modify the object group settings. 4. to open the Object Group .

• To make an object group available in another model. 2. and they have the file name extension *. 2. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button.5. copy the file to the system folder. Object groups have the file name extension *. Object groups (p. Restart Tekla Structures. For example.PObjGrp. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. and to create customized presentations of defined objects.PObjGrp. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. 3. • To make an object group available in all models. Restart Tekla Structures. Select where you want to copy the object group. See also Object groups (p. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. 6. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. Object groups (p. Select the object group you want to copy. Click Save as to save the object group. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1.

Click View > Representation > Object Representation.Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. 9. 2. 8. 5. Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add.. If an object belongs to several object groups. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 7. 6. 4. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group.. Click Add row. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 3. To create object representation settings: 1. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group.

136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p.rep. Restart Tekla Structures. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. For example. Apply. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . 3. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules.rep. 2. and they have the file name extension *. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. 2. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. • To make the settings available in another model. • To make the settings available in all models. Select where you want to copy the settings. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. To create project status visualizations. or OK. copy them to the system folder. 133) 5. Object representation settings (p. Select the object representation settings you want to copy. 133) Color settings (p. 136) Deleting visualization settings (p. See also Creating a visualization (p. See also Object representation settings (p.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 213) Transparency settings (p. Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify. See also Object representation settings (p.

Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. 5.4d. 3.. select one of the predefined object representation settings. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder. See also Visualizing project status (p. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 2.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly. See also Visualizing project status (p. a In the Object representation list box. Restart Tekla Structures. 4. • To make the settings available in all models. 3. Restart Tekla Structures. and they have the file name extension *. click the step buttons. Select the visualization settings you want to copy.. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. 2. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1.rep) and object group files (*. copy them to the system folder. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. c Define the length of the time step. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. To view the visualization in the model. Modify the visualization settings. Select where you want to copy the settings. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 6. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder.4d. • To make the settings available in another model. Visualizing project status (p.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. 4. 2.

a In the Category list box. to open the Object Representation dialog box. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. 6. 7. 3. To make it easier to select parts. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. to open the Object Group . 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. select Object. 3. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. Click View > Representation > Object representation. See also Click Modify..Representation dialog box.. 2. Click Object group. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared.. e Select Review date and click OK. See also Visualizing project status (p. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. select INSTALL_PLAN. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. select Select date. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model. On the Status tab. 5. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p.. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. 2. b In the Property list box.. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. Finally.. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. select Earlier than or equal.. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. To create the object group: 1. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. 8. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. c In the Condition list box. d In the Value list box. The Select Date dialog box appears. After that. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. 4. To define an erection schedule: 1. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. Click User-defined attributes. Visualizing project status (p.In the following example..

To create object representation settings: 1. enter a name for the group. 3. b In the Object group list box. 132) Visualizing project status (p. 6. 133) Visualizing project status (p. For example. In the Object representation list box. 2. 4. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . b In the Object group list box. See also Object representation settings (p. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. d In the Transparency list box.. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. Click Save as. 4. select Visible. enter a name for the object representation settings. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. to open the Object Representation dialog box.4. scheduled_erection_date.. c In the Color list box. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. you will create project status visualization settings. In the box next to the Save as button. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. Define the length of the time step. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. To create visualization settings: 1. 5. See also Object groups (p. In the box next to the Save as button. select Hidden. enter a name for the visualization. select Color by class. Click Save as. select the object group All. select Color by class. 138). 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. d In the Transparency list box. 2. c In the Color list box. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. plan_same_or_before_review_date. select the object group you just created. 5. For example. In the box next to the Save as button. 5.. 7. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. a Click Add row. 3. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. a Click Add row.. 137).

. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. 4. 3. 2. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 .. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. In the list box next to the Load button. 138). To visualize the erection schedule: 1. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Click Load.See also Visualizing project status (p. To view the visualization in the model. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. click the step buttons.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

5 Checking the model When the model is complete. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 143) Detecting clashes (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p. 135) 5.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. it is useful to check the model for errors. See also Measuring objects (p.

Pick the end point. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. Select a part. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. Pick the starting point. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. 3. Measuring objects (p. 5. Pick the end point. For more information on each command. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. 4. Pick the starting point. Measuring objects (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 4. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. 3. 2. See also Measuring distances (p. 143) Measuring angles (p. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. the distance between two points and between bolts. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . 2. Select a bolt group. 3. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. To measure bolt spacing: 1. Pick the center point. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. 2. All measurements are temporary.

145) Clash Check Manager (p. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. or reference model objects that collide.See also Measuring objects (p. bolts. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts.

See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . You can continue working during the clash check. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. To locate the colliding objects. select a row in the clash check log. Click Tools > Clash Check. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. you can choose whether to continue checking. If colliding objects are found. or stop checking.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 3. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. 2. Select the objects you want to check. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log.

See also To highlight a clash in the model. Clash Check Manager (p. Click to check the objects. The clash is not new. if the profile has changed). Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. 5. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. double-click a row. To see which properties have an effect. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . If the object has been modified (for example. 3. resolved. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. A check mark it is visible. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. In the model. or missing. Only certain object properties affect this flag. 2. You can continue working during the clash check. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. modified.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. select a row in the list of clashes. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. When the clash check is complete. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. 1. All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. 4. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. 2. right-click one of the column headings. When you re-run clash check.

In the Open dialog box. See also Clash Check Manager (p. . do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. Click OK. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. 3. 3.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. select a session. 2. In Clash Check Manager. In Clash Check Manager. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. 2. 2. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . Click . the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. select the clashes whose priority you want to change.

2. Save as.00. 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click Save. See also Clash Check Manager (p. 5. 2. enter a new name. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. Click Tools > Options > Options. In the File name box. icon. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . go to the Clash check page. the clearance will be zero. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. 3. Modify the bolt clearance values. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. If the fields are empty. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field. Click Apply or OK. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt.. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts. If you clear the check boxes. 3. 4. In the Options dialog box.. By default. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. Click In the Save As dialog box.To Save the active session Do this Click . d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. 5.. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. browse to the folder where you want to save the session.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

153

Example For example. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts. 154) Family numbers (p.. P1003. include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. such as plates. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. . it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. When you run numbering. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Planning your numbering series (p. To save time. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. If you do this. For example. if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number.. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. P1002.

if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. Defining numbering series (p. This can be used. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . 3. However. Under Numbering series. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. define a part prefix and a start number. 2. Under Compare. Go to the Family numbering tab. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to.. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. b Select a numbering series from the list. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box.1. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. 3. go to the Cast unit tab. for example. See also Defining numbering series (p. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 4. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. they get unique qualifier numbers. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. 2. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. When you use family numbering. 4. Click Modify. and then click Add. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1.. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number.

clear the existing numbers. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. 2. 6. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. only one family number per series is assigned... If you do not select any check boxes. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. If you select all the check boxes.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. If a series overlaps another. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. 3. 155) Clearing numbers (p. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. Family numbers (p. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. See also Defining numbering series (p. Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap. See also Family numbers (p. 161) 6. Click Apply. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. b Modify the settings. Click Assign. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number.Select at least one check box. 4.. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 7. 5. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. c Click Apply or OK. but not all of them. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all..db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. Update numbering in the model. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps.

157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. See also Numbering objects (p. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. 158) Changing numbers (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. 159) Clearing numbers (p. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. However. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. If you add new parts. The prefix varies based on the part type. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. The default start number is 1. However. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 .See also Numbering settings (p. for example. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. In this case you should renumber the parts. the x coordinate. 158) Control numbers (p.

You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. When you assign control numbers. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X). 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. and Third direction is Z. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. Second direction is Y. See also Select the parts. Example In the following example. the sort order is X Y Z. See also Numbering objects (p. their z coordinates are also compared. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. For example. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. their y coordinates are also compared. if First direction is -X. 2. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. With negative directions (such as -X). To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Numbering objects (p.

7. 6. and then click Create. specify which parts get control numbers. Define the control numbers to be used. define the interval. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. 8. Indicate which parts to consider. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. • To consider all parts in the model. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. a In the Start number of control numbers field. do not select any parts. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 .See also Numbering objects (p. To only consider specific parts. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. This command does not change the numbering series.. or family numbers after you run numbering. type the first control number to be used. 158) Control number settings (p. Click Apply. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. etc. b In the Step value field. 5. In the Numbering list box. specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. In the Status list box. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. See also Control numbers (p. 4. 2. Click Apply. and then click Create.. do not select any parts in the model. multi-position. 11. In the Renumber list box. 4. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. 2. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. See also Control numbers (p. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. select the parts. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. or specific parts. to assign the control numbers 2. number the model. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. select the parts in the model. assembly. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. 8. 3. 5. For example. • 3. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part.. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock.

To create a standard-part model: 1. see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Numbering objects (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. 3.1. 2. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. This functionality only applies to steel parts. Click Assign. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. 4. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. see the corresponding menu tooltip.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. Next time you run numbering. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. Select an object. 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 2. For more information on each command. If the number you specified is already in use. Set the desired properties. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. For more information on each command. To clear the position numbers: 1. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. See also Numbering objects (p. This is for information only and the number is still changed. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2.

.. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. 7. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 12.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then.. See also Numbering objects (p. 8. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. see Numbering history log. 13... 156) 6. especially before producing drawings or reports.. Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. For information on how to interpret the log file. and so on). The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. Delete all unnecessary items.. > Numbering. StandardParts. 4. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.For example.. Explode all components. Open another model. 10. If you have selected the Part name check box. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. STD1. 2. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file. Number the model. STD2. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. See also Numbering objects (p. 11. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example. Save the standard-part model. 5. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 3. 156) 6. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set.. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. 9.

5. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. Unless you want to repair the entire model. 4. See also Numbering objects (p. 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. To number identical beams: 1. 4. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. Number the model. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2. 6. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. 2. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. Modify one of the beams. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 5. Number the model.2. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3. All the beams have the part position number P1. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . see the corresponding menu tooltip. 3. Number the model. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. 159) 6. 156) Changing numbers (p.

Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. The parts have the same main profile. All beams have the same profile. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. but the holes are different. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 . but each pair has a different length. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. and each pair has the same length.

4. and then click Apply. To number parts in selected phases: 1. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 8.. Select the Column orientation check box. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 9.. 10. Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Select one of the steel columns in the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 3. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. Create steel columns. and another one for steel columns. 6. 7. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. divide the model into phases. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. 2. and then click Apply. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. 5. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Before you start.

5. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. For example. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 . Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping.. 7. Select the parts you want to number. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Select one of the parts you want to number. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Modify the numbering settings. and then click Apply. 4. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 6. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2..• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. 3.

you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts. 164) General numbering settings (p. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing.

You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. 167) Phases (p. 181) 7. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. and erection sequences. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management. 171) Sequences (p. based on purchasing contracts. for example.1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. lots. 172) Lotting (p. and categorize object types.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 174) Parametric modeling (p. You can classify information according to your needs. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p.

You can create new logical areas for your own needs. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Creating logical areas (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p.

In Model Organizer. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. To make it easier to view and select parts. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. Select a section or story in Model Organizer. select the area for the section or the story. and select Add Selected to Category. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . 5. b Click New Building. c Click New Section.. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 3.. See also In Model Organizer. You can also create subtypes for object types.. 4. Create a path structure. In large projects. Organizing the model (p. See also Organizing the model (p. a Right-click Logical Areas. Click Tools > Model Organizer. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . 4... you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s). select the objects you want to add to an object type category.. d Click New Story. b Click New Object Type.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1. right-click the selected section or story. a Right-click Object Types. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. In the model. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). 2. In the model. 2. Create object type categories. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. 3.

Drag the objects to another category. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 1. Select the objects in the model. 2.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Select the new area in the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Drag the category to another location. To show all objects again. See also Organizing the model (p. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 2. To show all objects again. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. See also Organizing the model (p. 3. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. 1. right-click the category and select Redraw View. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. 1. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 2. 2. Right-click and select Remove from Category. 2. right-click the category and select Redraw View. 3. 1.

Divide the model into phases.. 171) Custom phase properties (p. 4. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. 2. The Phase Manager dialog box appears.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1.). the columns. Each user then works on a separate part of the building. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. 5. select a phase from the list. This is phase 1. When a part of the model is completed. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase.. etc. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model.. a To identify the phase of an object. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. 3.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . c Phases (p. 3. Click OK to confirm. 2. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2. Right-click and select Delete. Click OK to save your changes. You then copy this basic model to all users. and copy objects from other models. select the objects. For example. select an object and click Phases by objects. and then click Modify phase. for example. 4. Organizing the model (p. First create a basic model that includes. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. according to their phase number. Click Add to create new phases.. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences. Click Tools > Phase Manager.. hide objects. From now on. you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. 3. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. 167) 7. You can create reports and views.

The first part gets the sequence number 1. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. "%d". To create a new sequence: 1. 4.inp file. d Restart Tekla Structures. and so on. 171) 7. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. c Save the file. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. Type a name for the sequence. For example. You can define several sequences for different purposes. "0. If you click Yes. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. "My Info 1". you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name. To use phase properties in reports and templates.inp file. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. b In the Part attributes section.inp file in any standard text editor. the second part number 2. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. For example. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. none. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. To finish adding parts to the sequence. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p. add a new user-defined attribute. and the field_format must be %d. 6. Creating a sequence (p. The value_type must be integer. "0. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .0". and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. use the syntax PHASE. no. Click Apply. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects.inp file. 3. See also Phases (p. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. a Open the objects. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. 5. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. MY_INFO_1.0") 2. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. integer.

If the sequence changes. Select a sequence name from the list. Click OK or Apply... Click User-defined attributes. 4. MY_INFO_1. Click Tools > Inquire > Object.. Modify the sequence number. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc.See also Sequences (p. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence. 2. 3. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. See also Sequences (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . Select a part. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. 2. The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. Click Modify. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. 2.. you must redefine the whole sequence. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. 5. For example: See also Sequences (p. For example. To finish adding parts to the sequence. See also Sequences (p. Click Tools > Sequencer. To check the sequence of a part: 1. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. 3. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. 4.

For example. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities. Click Properties. 3. if you are using cast-in-place concrete.. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model.. 2.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. 5. When you define lots. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties. the weight is based on the size. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . in a ten-cubic-yard truck). With this information. See also Lotting (p. See also Select a sequence name from the list. For most model parts. Type a lot number in the Number field. Click Delete and then click Yes. 175) Sequences (p. To view the properties of a part. length.2. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. For example. Click Add. 3. However. 6. and material of the part. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. See also Creating a lot (p. Sequences (p. In that case. 175) Deleting a lot (p. 172) 7. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. 4.. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity..

2. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. If you simply select parts. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. Select an existing lot from the list. Lotting (p. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. Click Properties.. To add parts to a lot: 1. 5. 2. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. Click OK to close the dialog box. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . 4.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Click Delete. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box.. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. 4. 4. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. 2. When you re-open the dialog box. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. See also Lotting (p. 3. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. 5. 3. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. Select an existing lot from the list. Click OK to close the dialog box. When you hold down Shift. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. Click Apply selected. Click Apply selected. Lotting (p. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. Select an existing lot from the list. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values.

such as a beam or column. 176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Variables can define fixed properties. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. so that when you move the wall.7. Create dependencies. For example. or relationships. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. location and relationship to other parts. between model objects. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. including its geometry. the column follows. such as the name of a column. They can also include formulas.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

53) 7. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 176) Parametric profiles (p.See also Parametric modeling (p. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. the Sketch Browser. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. and the Variables dialog box. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.. and how to use them in a model.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 . 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. 2. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p.. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed.. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Open a Tekla Structures model.

dimensions.See also Sketch Browser (p. circles. 182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . constraints. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines. 182) Variables (p. tree-like structure. and vice versa. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. arcs. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser.

. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. or they can include formulas. Variables can define fixed properties. Lines. or 2) and thickness of the sketch.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. 1. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 .. 1=Line . 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section. arcs. 7=Line and arc) and dimensions.

184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. 4. 2. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. Ensure that you create a closed shape. arcs. 185) Sketching a circle (p.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. See also Sketching a polyline (p. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. 184) Sketching an arc (p. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. To sketch a polyline: 1. Open the cross section sketch editor. Pick points to create each line segment. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. and circles. such as a cold rolled section.

Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. 2. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). 4. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. Open the cross section sketch editor. Pick three points to define the arc. Open the cross section sketch editor. To sketch an arc: 1.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. To sketch a circle: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). 2.

187) Adding a fixed constraint (p.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. you can still rotate the profile in the model. Before you start. 3. To straighten the entire profile. Select a line in the sketch (1). 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Although the shape is locked. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. close the shape. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. force lines to meet. and add chamfers in corners. Select another line in the sketch (2). 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints. To add a parallel constraint: 1. you can straighten lines. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. create 90 degree angles. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. For example. 189) Deleting a constraint (p.

Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool. by extending or shortening one or both lines. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . The lines do not have to intersect. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 3. Select a line in the sketch (1). 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. The lines do not have to intersect. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Before you start. Before you start. Select another line in the sketch (2).

1. Pick the end of the second line. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a fixed constraint: 1. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Pick the end of the first line (1). Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. 4. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 2). 3. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. 2. Before you start. See also Select a line in the sketch. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. Before you start.

3. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. Select the constraint you want to delete. 2).See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. Click Refresh. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. To add a vertical constraint: 1. 4. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. Before you start. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. See also Click to open the Sketch Browser. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 .

Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. To add a radial dimension: 1. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. Select the arc or circle. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. if you create the dimension marked in red.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. Before you start. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . In the following example. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p.

Before you start. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add an angle dimension: 1. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select. Select the second line (2).See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). If you are unable to see the angle symbol. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. 3. between two points you pick. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). 3. Before you start. To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. Select the first line (1).

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Change the Value field. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 4. See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click to show the connection positioning planes. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . 3. 4. 2. 3. 2. Select the connection positioning planes. Click Modify. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. To revert to the default positioning planes. Select the part positioning planes. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. 2. 3. Click to show the part positioning planes.

2. 202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Update an existing cross section 1. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 2. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. Click Save sketch . Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1.4. Click Save sketch .db1 file. 2. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 5. You cannot include numbers. for example. Type a name in the Prefix field. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb.bin file. Click Save sketch as . Type a new name in the Prefix field. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. or blank spaces in the cross section name. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile. To save a sketched cross section. and then click OK. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. and then click OK. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. special characters. 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. by modifying chamfers or dimensions.

Click OK to close the dialog box. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. To modify a sketched cross section: 1. Click Modify. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. you can create rounded cross section corners. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor. such as a cold rolled section. To modify a chamfer: 1. 4.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. Close the object properties dialog box. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. 4. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. 3. 6. 5. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape.. See also next to their name. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. 2. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. For example. 2. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer.. Double-click an object to modify its properties. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. Modify the object properties. 7. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor.

or symmetrically in both directions. the profile grows inwards. depending on the extrusion type. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. define the default value for the parameter variable. P1).To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. 4. 1. 2. 3. P1) after =. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. When you change the thickness. In the Sketch Browser. or 2) after =. Type the value of the thickness after =. outwards. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. sketch an open polyline. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. In the cross section sketch editor. b Type the extrusion type number (0. In the Formula column.

Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. • For steel parts. 7. 4. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. See also For concrete parts.. If you have applied constraints correctly. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. • 3. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. button next to the Profile field. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p.. Pick points to place the part in the model. click the button next to the Shape field. Click OK to apply the changes. 6. you are ready to use it in the model. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. Open the Select Profile dialog box. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . 5. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. click the Select. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. Optional: If the cross section is parametric.

uel). See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. 2. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. for example Microsoft Paint. Open the cross section sketch editor. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary.. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model.bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor. Save the image in bmp format in the . 5. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the . You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. for example.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder. 201) Creating a screenshot (p.. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models. 3. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. 4. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. mysketch. Use the cross section name as the filename. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .bmp.

Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. To automatically import all *. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER. Click OK. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. In the Export Components dialog box. 7. To import sketched cross sections: 1.uel files from a folder when creating a new model... 6. 3. Select Sketched profiles from the list. Right-click and select Export. To export several cross sections.. 3. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. right-click and select Import. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. Select the cross sections you want to export. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. 2.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. 2. 5. To use profiles from a model. 8. In the Import Components dialog box. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. from the pop-up menu. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. 4. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . 4. 6. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. By default. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. you need to import both the cross section and profile. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. select Sketched profiles from the list box. from the pop-up menu.. browse for the folder. or copy the profdb.bin file.uel). If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. 5. 7. Select the file to import. Click OK. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. In the component list. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model.

204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. After that. Finally. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. When you use the profile in the model. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. At this stage. you will use the cross section in a model. Open the cross section sketch editor.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. 2. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1.

Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands. 4. 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p.3. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p.

enter the following values for the distances: 4. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. and h2. command to create the distances h1. 198) Variables (p. Save the cross section.2. h1. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p. 5. h2. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and 3. In the Variables dialog box. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p.

00. enter Chamfer. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . In the Sketch Browser. b Right-click ExtrusionType. 2. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. enter 10. and then enter =P1. Variables (p. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. d In the Label in dialog box box.00. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. do the following: .1. a Right-click Thickness. 2. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. select Show. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. 3. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. In the Variables dialog box. 183) Sketch Browser (p. 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. enter Thickness. See also Save the cross section. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. enter 20. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. 3. b In the Formula box. c In the Visiblity box. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. b In the Formula box. select Show. In the Variables dialog box. c In the Visiblity box. d In the Label in dialog box box. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1.

5. 183) Sketch Browser (p. In the Sketch Browser. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. • For steel parts. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 5. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. and then enter =P2. and select the CSHAPE profile. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. click the button next to the Shape field. See also Save the cross section. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Pick points to place the part in the model. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 2. 4.. button next to the Profile field. • 3.. For concrete parts. Click OK to apply the changes. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. 199) Variables (p. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 6. b Right-click Chamfer X. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers.4. click the Select.

See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. See also Grid properties (p. 214) Screenshot settings (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 215) Part properties (p. 227) Numbering settings (p. 233) 8. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 213) Transparency settings (p. 211) View settings (p.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. 217) Detail properties (p. 213) Color settings (p. 212) Point properties (p. 212) Rotation settings (p.

Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. Grids (p.. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. and z directions. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above.elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y . z is absolute). Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. Select to bind objects to the grid line. y. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . See also X .. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above.Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. y.grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z .. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. Option Phase The phase number. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Grid lines (p.. Select to bind objects to grid lines. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line. and z directions (x and y are relative.

Coordinates See also Points (p. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. Displays parts according to the member analysis type. The local (work plane) and global x.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. y. which is used in log files. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis.Option Id The ID number. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . and z coordinates of a point. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. Defines the number of copies created. Indicates the correct location of the point. The rotation angle between the original and new position. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. See also Object representation settings (p. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction.Rotate and Move . 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . You can filter objects by their ID numbers. All parts are colored according to their Class property. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane. Option As is The current color is used. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors.

The Options.. Option As is The current visibility. Places the screenshot on the clipboard. the settings will be read from that object group. The height of the screenshot. Sets the line width. Object is transparent in rendered views.. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Saves the screenshot to a file. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Object is not shown in the views. There are limitations to pixel density. Object representation settings (p. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name.

. or fly through it. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane.2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view.See also Creating a screenshot (p. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes. text and point size remains the same. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how. 124) 8.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . Rotation is view-specific. In addition. rotate the model. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones. The appearance of the model in the view. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. See also Views (p. 215) Grid view properties (p. Which object group is displayed in the view. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. The projection type of rendered views. 215) Display settings (p. the zoom remains on part surfaces.. as do text and points. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. See also View properties (p. When you zoom. Opens the Object Group ... The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). You can zoom. Display. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views.. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective). Visible object group Object group.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model.

but skips cuts. Each view plane has its own view properties. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model... washers. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed. and nuts as solids. None does not create any views. Exact displays the cuts. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. If the View name prefix field is left empty. Exact shows bolts. PLAN +3000. no prefix is used. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. Some of these settings may affect system performance. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . This name overrides the name in the view properties. This option increases display speed significantly. The Show. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. button displays the current view properties. or large parts of it. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. when viewing the entire model. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head.g. Reference line shows parts as sticks. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. See also Creating grid views (p. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. e. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of.

If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. Point size Defines the size of points in views. See also Steel column properties (p. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models. 128) 8. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. 218) Steel beam properties (p. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 221) Pad footing properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 222) Strip footing properties (p. Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. 223) Concrete column properties (p. 225) Concrete slab properties (p. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). 220) Twin profile properties (p. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. This option is only available in wire frame views. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. When using this option. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. In view does not increase the point size.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. 218) Contour plate properties (p. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p.

User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. relative to its reference point. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column. The support conditions of the column ends. The design information of the column. The user-definable name of the column. or curved beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. with anti-corrosive paint. cambering. The analysis properties of the column. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Finish is user-definable. The file name extension of a column properties file is *. Creating a steel column (p. etc.prt. The position of the column. Warping. relative to its reference point. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column. The type of finish. The horizontal position of the column. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. e. How the column is rotated around its axis. The assembly mark series of the column. Class Used to group columns. and to identify parts of the same type. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. and shortening of the column. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction.g.clm. steel polybeam. The material of the column. fire retardant coating.

The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. Finish is user-definable. fire retardant coating.cpl. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. Creating a steel beam (p. hot galvanized. with anti-corrosive paint. The finish type. e. The user-definable name of a beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The assembly mark series of the beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The loading properties of the beam. cambering. The position of a beam. The position of a beam on the work plane.g. The support conditions of the beam ends. The analysis properties of the beam. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *. The design information of the beam. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. etc. Warping. For example. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . The material of a beam. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and shortening of the beam. Class Used to group beams.

crs. for example PL20. For example. hot galvanized. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. The position of the contour plate. The spanning properties of the plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists.g. e. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The design information of the contour plate. Profile Material The profile of the beam. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The user-definable name of the contour plate. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. perpendicular to the work plane. The material of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the beam. fire retardant coating. The assembly mark series of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The format is PL+ thickness. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. The loading properties of the plate. The analysis properties of the contour plate. Creating a contour plate (p. and to identify parts of the same type. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. in terms of depth. The material of the beam. Finish is user-definable. Profile The profile of the contour plate. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. The finish type.

hot galvanized. For example. The horizontal position of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. It describes how the part surface has been treated. etc. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. fire retardant coating.g. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . The material of the beams. Finish is user-definable. The position of the beam. Finish is user-definable. The analysis properties of the beam. relative to its reference point. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile.g. relative to its reference point. fire retardant coating. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. and to identify parts of the same type. e. hot galvanized. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.Option Finish The finish type. The design information of the beam. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The type of finish. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. The user-definable name of the twin profile. with anti-corrosive paint. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. etc. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile.dia. Class Used to group beams.

Option Class Used to group twin profiles. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. fire retardant coating. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.cpf. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Class Used to group pad footings. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. The type of finish. The material of the pad footing. Finish is user-definable. relative to the beam’s reference line. The analysis properties of the twin profile. The vertical position of the pad footing.g. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis. perpendicular to the work plane. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. with anti-corrosive paint. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. hot galvanized. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. relative to its reference point. The vertical clearance between the profiles. Creating a twin profile (p. For example. in terms of depth. For example. e. etc. The offsets of the ends of the beam. Defines how the profiles are combined. and to identify parts of the same type. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The horizontal clearance between the profiles. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. The design information of the twin profile. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. The beam position. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane.

fire retardant coating. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. e.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. For example. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. The material of the strip footing. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane.g. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . with anti-corrosive paint. hot galvanized. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. and to identify parts of the same type. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Class Used to group strip footings.csf. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. etc. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. The type of finish. The analysis properties of the strip footing. Finish is user-definable. relative to its reference point. Creating a pad footing (p. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing.

78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. The analysis properties of the column. Finish is user-definable. The design information of the column. Creating a concrete column (p. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. It describes how the part surface has been treated. etc. Class Used to group columns.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. The type of finish. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. The material of the column. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. and to identify parts of the same type. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. The design information of the footing. Creating a strip footing (p. cambering and shortening of the column. e. Define the cast unit series of the column.ccl. How much the column is rotated around its axis. Warping. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. with anti-corrosive paint. The support conditions of the column ends. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. Option Name The user-definable name of the column.g. hot galvanized. fire retardant coating. For example.

The design information of the beam. The beam position on the work plane. with anti-corrosive paint. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam.csl. Creating a concrete beam (p. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.g. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. For example. and to identify parts of the same type. e. Class Used to group beams. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 . The support conditions of the beam ends. cambering and shortening of the beam. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. hot galvanized. etc. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The loading properties of the beam. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Finish is user-definable. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The type of finish. The material of the beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. relative to its reference line. fire retardant coating. The offsets of the ends of the beam. The analysis properties of the beam. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *.cbm. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. Warping.

cpn. fire retardant coating.g. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. For example. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). hot galvanized. Define the cast unit series of the slab. The loading properties of the slab. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. The type of finish. The material of the slab. Class Used to group slabs. It describes how the part surface has been treated. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. Class Used to group panels. etc. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. with anti-corrosive paint. e.g. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The spanning properties of the slab. It describes how the part surface has been treated. fire retardant coating. with anti-corrosive paint. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. The analysis properties of the slab. Finish is user-definable. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. The position of the slab. Finish is user-definable. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. For example. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. in terms of depth. and to identify parts of the same type. etc. The type of finish. Creating a concrete slab (p. perpendicular to the work plane. and to identify parts of the same type. hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The material of the panel. e. The design information of the slab.

Creating a concrete panel (p. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. The analysis properties of the panel. 227) Weld properties (p. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. 229) Weld types (p. The loading properties of the panel. The offsets of the ends of the panel. The position of the panel. Bolt assembly standard/grade. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. 81) 8.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. See also Bolt properties (p. The spanning properties of the panel. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. relative to its reference line. The design information of the panel. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. The number of segments required to draw a curved panel.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. Define the cast unit series of the panel. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane.

If the bolt connects several parts. -150).Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length.e. Bolt spacing. x allowance of a slotted hole. y allowance of a slotted hole. Bolt spacing. Zero for a round hole. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. or coordinate. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. For example. or co-ordinate. depending on the bolt group shape. in both directions from the bolt group plane.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. enter a negative value for cut length (e. Zero for a round hole. In the illustration below. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. depending on the bolt group shape. number. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . group diameter. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. Extra length Additional bolt length. Tolerance = Hole diameter . you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting.g. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies.

but does not display it drawings. Bolts (p. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. Tekla Structures creates the weld. Dy. you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol. 93). 231). At depth Dx. or groove. not in drawings. relative to the current work plane. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. The angle of weld preparation. For example. The size of the weld. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. Type Angle See Weld types (p. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. bevels.

Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. To change the separator to @. defining the start and end points of the weld. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. for example. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. The space between the welded parts. You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. for example. For example.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. 92). 72). The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts. for example 50–100. define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. information about the weld specification or process. See Weld position (p. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. To create a non-continuous weld. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @.

Welds (p. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Defines the process type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type. Defines the electrode strength coefficient. Defines the electrode strength. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded.

The dimension depends on the chamfer type. for example. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The name of the chamfer. Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. 105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. See also Chamfering part corners (p. to give plates varying thicknesses. The dimensions of the chamfer. Use these fields. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer.

Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . and the shape is angled. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. The shape and position of the second end point. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). See also Chamfering part edges (p. All information on previous numbers is lost. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. The shape and position of the first end point. Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. 234) Control number settings (p. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. 107) 8. and the shape is straight. and the shape is straight. See also General numbering settings (p. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points.

156) Creating a standard-part model (p. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Numbering objects (p. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. See Assembly position numbers (p. and number of holes affects numbering. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. and save sequence. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering. numbering. The orientation of columns affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. The part name affects numbering. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. size. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 157). the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. The orientation of beams affects numbering. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists.

Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. No keeps the existing control numbers. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Defines the interval between two control numbers. See also Numbering objects (p. If some welds have been removed. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Control numbers (p. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. Needed only with the By numbering series option. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 239) Right-hand rule (p. 2. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 238) Modeling identical areas (p.1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. See also Defining default part properties (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. Contents • • General modeling tips (p.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 241) 9. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p.

Start the Move or Copy command. For example. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. Before you start. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips .3. try modeling an entire floor. b Select an object. 4. 7. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. Depending on the project. when creating grids and levels in a new model. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. 6. and object groups. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. enter a name for the set of properties. In the box next to the Save as button. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. create an empty view or selection filter. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. then copying them throughout the model. or an object group. Click Save as to save the set of properties. Save time by modeling these areas once. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. To stop copying or moving objects. For example. for example. c Enter the values you want to use. The dialog box remains open on the screen. Click Load to load the properties. selection filters. For a project that has several identical floors. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. enter BEAM. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it. then copying it to several levels. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. from simple frames to entire floors. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box. This can useful when creating view filters. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. 3. 2. To use a default set of part properties. 5.

Log in to the Tekla Extranet. When you hold the thumb. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. Open the Background color in model editor document. and the middle finger the z axis. select one of the options. 3. to open the Select date dialog box. See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. You can either select a date from the calendar.. you can use the Xmouse option. 3. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . Views (p. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. a b To select an object property. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. the index finger the y axis.. select the review date. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. click Select from model. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. 4. and then select an object. Page Down and arrow keys. 2. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. click Select date. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes. 2. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. To activate a view. Click Add row. With Xmouse active. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. Download and install the application. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date.. index finger.To select values from the model: 1. and then select one of the options. or define the number of days before or after the review date. To select a date.. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. 2. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. In the Value list box. • See also Use the Page Up. 132) Creating a visualization (p.

Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. To locate the failure in the model. For example. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. • • • • If a cut fails. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. See also Cuts (p. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts.3 mm). 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. to open the Display dialog box. 3. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines.3 mm outside of the part planes. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. Cuts (p. the cut is more likely to succeed. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure.. Click Modify. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found.. Clear the Cuts check box. Try to position the cut at least 0. especially in components. Note that after creating the polygon. 4. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1. use polygon cuts. 2. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. If the component fails. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0. Click Display. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible.

242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . This can cause shop errors. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. Click a row that contains an ID number. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. To lengthen a part. or use the Fit Part End command. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. move the part handles. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1.Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. Hold down F. It can cause problems with connections and details. move the part handles. 2. Click a row that contains an ID number. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. Hold down Z. 2. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. See also Modifying part length (p. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it.

For example. 40) Points (p. 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. y directions). lines and circles. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. Creating a single grid line (p. pick positions from left to right. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. 57) Fittings (p. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. and from bottom to top (in positive x. Use construction planes. such as beams. Create points. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it.See also Part position (p. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . always pick points in the same direction.

...................................................... 117 c cambering parts.......... 191 angles.......................................................................69 steel beams ..............................................................................................................................115 cast in place...88 bolt spacing ..... 88 modifying ........................... 75 lotting..................................................................................................... see visualizing project status ...............................................67 warping............................................ 135 beams cambering..........................................83 cast units ........................... 71 using bolts to create assemblies ................................84 chamfering..............................................83 highlighting ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 bolt group position ................................................................................. 39 4D tool................................................... 71.72 clash checking......................................................................................68 orthogonal beams.................................83 lotting........................................ 225 concrete polybeams ......................87 bolt group shape............................................... 86....................................104 corner chamfer dimensions ..................................................................... 30 angle dimensions .............82 cast unit type .............................86 bolt offsets .............................................. 75 showing and hiding .....................................................105 edge chamfers............................................................ 15 views ................................113 bending.............................88 a absolute coordinates ..........................................107 in sketches ......................................... 71 using welds to create assemblies ........ 79....................................................................... 71 examples. 143 arcs.......................... 174 nested assemblies .......105 corner chamfer types................79 curved beams............................................... 74 numbering ...........................105 corner chamfers ............................................................. 72 attaching parts.82 exploding .........................................................................................................................84 changing the main part................................................................................................. 76 highlighting ............................................................................. 75 joining................................................................................................................. 131 sub-assemblies ............................... 70 adding objects .......................................143 bolting sub-assemblies............................ 75 comparing ............................82 creating............................................................................................................................................................199 b background color changing.......... 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 ...................................................83 top-in-form face ........................ 67..................................................... 157 removing objects ................... 75 changing the main part.........83 casting direction ............148 creating..................82 adding objects ..............................................................................................................................................................................115 concrete beams................................. 76 exploding....................................... 23 examples............................................ 185 assemblies ...................... 85.............................................................................157 removing objects .............. 149 creating .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................81 adding non-concrete objects ................................................. 74 changing the main assembly..174 numbering .................. 218 steel polybeams ............................................................65 bolts ......Index # 3D models........................................................................................................73...........................................73....

.....84 columns .......... 78...........................................124 coincident contraints ........................................................................................ 226 polybeams ...........................................................................................................104....................................142 circles........135 project status visualizations .......................................235 coordinates coordinate system................................................ 218 combining parts ...............................41 construction lines ................................................................................239 grid color.......................................................... 232 types and dimensions ........................... 224 pad footings ............... 66....................................187 colliding objects .......................... 69...........................................................................167 clip planes................................................................. 78.......................187 deleting .......................................................................................................................................40 contour plates ..............................132 concrete parts ...................................68......................................188 parallel .................. 224 steel columns................................................. 146..........................................................147 symbols ......189 fixed ...................79 slabs ............ 225 strip footings ......................................checking sketched cross sections ... 31 columns concrete columns ..........................................186 perpendicular ..............105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................40 construction circles ... 222 panels ....................................................................189 construction objects ......113 constraints...................................147 changing status ..................................149 components showing and hiding....... 223 warping ................................................................................................... 117 comparing parts or assemblies..................146 managing results .........................146 sessions......................................................23 background color examples............................238 object groups ....144 colors .............................197 checking the model......................................................................................................................................28 copying hints and tips............................ 79................23 color settings ..187 vertical .............. 28. 80....55 background color ........... 145....77 beams ....................148 changing priority .............. 159 settings .................................185 Clash Check Manager ...................188 horizontal ...........213 finding RGB values........................................41 construction planes..............................147 list of clashes ........................................................................ 144.... 81............................................................. 225 cast units.....................................136 corner chamfers ............................................ 145.... 55 classifying information ...................146 class......................................................................................................... 219 control numbers ...................................................................... 149 bolts ........ 78........................................................................................................................................................................................ 78.. 158.............................................................................................................................................................133 object representation settings............ 51... 116............................................................... 105............................................................... 146 clash checking .................................81 casting direction..............................186 coincident...............................................................................................................................................................................................

.......................... 160 steel beams............76 background colors ......................... 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.......191 between two points................. 16 nested assemblies .....137 creating object representation settings.................................................................. 169 orthogonal beams . 110..... 168 strip footings................................................................................................... 41 construction lines ...................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 ............. 184 slabs.............227 DGN supported objects ............................... 80 standard-part models .................................................193 horizontal......192 display settings ......... 78 project status visualizations ........................................................................... 40 contour plates.......... 41 construction planes ....................... 168 sequences....................................................... 100 twin profiles ...... 111 d deleting logical areas ........................................204 defining erection schedules................................... 124 concrete beams........ 78 concrete panels.131 examining the model ..........171 object types ....48 dimensions angle...................................171 e edge chamfers........................................ 132 object representation settings .......... 81 concrete polybeams ............................................................ 181 curved parts..................................... 68 fittings............................143 dividing models..................................70................................................................................................. 79 concrete columns ...............240 line cuts ........... 90 logical areas ............................................................................................................................................................. 104.................139 visualizing project status ....... 88 sketched cross sections ................................................................. 86 cast units .................... 109.......................... 165 tile pattern definition ..................................................................................................................190 radial....................................... 108 grid lines.....137 numbering ......... 66 steel polybeams ............................................................................................................................63 erection schedules.......65............................................. 107...............109 hints and tips ....................................192 in sketching ..................................... 70 views .....................................................................................................................190 vertical ........................................................................................... 67 storys................................................................................. 163.............................68...............................................................................................................119 examples assemblies ...............................................162............................................................................................. 69 curved beams..............................127 modifying contents ..................................................... 124 sections .......216 distances measuring.......................................................................................................... 111 part cuts............................89........... 80 construction circles....................................................................................................171 detail properties .................101 visualizing erection schedules..................................................................... 136 screenshots...................................... 174 models...........................................................................................................................................................138 creating project status visualization settings .. 71 tile patterns................................. 79 concrete slabs ......... 82 clip planes ...............171 exact lines............ 38 grids .......................................23 creating object groups .............................................................................. 91................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 object groups............ 67 steel columns .........................................................126 adding attributes................... 181 sketching cross sections ............... 32 grid views .. 164.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................127 cuts ........................ 112 polygon cuts ................................................................ 232 end offsets ............ 172 single bolts ..............creating assemblies ..... 168 lots............................... 35 welds ....................................................... 139 erection sequences ......................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section...................................... 93.................................................................................................. 137........ 71 bolts......................................................... 68 Custom Inquiry ...... 109.............................................................................................................................................................................. 78 sub-assemblies .........................................................................................................191 deleting from a sketch ..................................................... 69 pad footings.. 30 holes........... 134 object type categories ........................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 modifying ............58 reference models ...............................................................................188 flying through model ............153 importing points ..................................................... 89....................................... 28.......................................................................................................83 reference models ............................131 work area .......................................................126 j joining assemblies...............................................................108 fixed constraints......................................................29 properties.....................................................................................................203 extrusion types..............................................................................................................................116 levels................................................exploding assemblies.......123 footings ...................188 horizontal dimensions ....130 top-in-form face..........62 i identical areas................84 unselected parts ........................................................................................33 properties..........42 sketched cross sections.....................................................200 f family numbers .....................126 object properties ...............................................................83 exporting sketched cross sections ....................................................................75 l lengthening parts ..................... 223 g global coordinate system ..192 horizontal position .......................................................131 components .........................................................238 parts.............................32 deleting .......................................................................................78.............................................................203 inquiring models .............................................30 creating.........31 origin.................................................................. 90 horizontal constraints .......................57 of positioning planes......................................215 grids coordinates ...................211 work plane grid .................................................26 highlighting assemblies...............................................................................155 example .........................................45 selected parts ...........................................................................237 holes ...............32 creating..............................................................76 cast units ...............................................212 grid views creating.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 29..........................................................................................75 cast units...64 line cuts... see tips .......................................................... 222.......27 hiding assemblies..............................38 properties...........195 reference lines ............ 31 line extensions...........................................................45 hints and tips..........56 positioning planes .................................................31 part labels .............. 109............. 111 lines exact ...........................................28 h handles ..........................................................................................30 deleting .............................57 moving .............................................................................................................................................149 fittings ............31 grid color..............................................28 grid lines ....................................................145 finding distant objects ....................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .........................................................................................................................29 modifying ......33 modifying ....................152 reinforcements .............................................................................156 finding clashes ..........................................................................................................................................131 local coordinate system ..........................................................132 cut lines.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................240 grid labels .................. 31 labels ................

...... 158.....................................133 example.................................. 159 examples ............ 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)................................................................................................................................................................................................... 165 family numbers ..........................................................................................................233 m Magnifier... 58 Model Editor screen layout............................................................................. 119 flying through model................................................................................................................................................... 120 materials. 233.......................... 170 lotting..................................161 identical parts ......................... 156 about numbering ............ 167 rotating ............................................................................... 155.133 copying ...............................................................................................151 assemblies ..............................126 object representation settings............................................................................. 15 checking for errors ...................... 171 examining.......................................................................................138 object types ................. 169 o object groups ................................................157 cast units ................158 reinforcements.. 142 creating ............ 114 models about 3D models ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................172 series..........133 creating..............................................................132 deleting.........................................................213 copying to another model ........................................................................... 164......170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ................159 numbering series......................................................................................................................................... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position .........................................57 n nested assemblies..................log files viewing ........... 123 inquiring..134 deleting..............................167.............. 73.......................................................................... 54 measuring objects ....................................... 174 adding parts .................153 what affects ............................................ 119 modifying logical areas ........................... 167 modeling hints and tips . 156 settings ...................................... 238 parametric modeling...195 using handles ...............154 preliminary numbers..................................... 175 creating ..... 176 rendered or plan view?.................................................................. 121 saving............. 154.. 17 viewing ..... 143 distances ............................................................ 163........238 models in a view..............................135 example....................160 user-defined attributes.................................. 21 Model Organizer.............................. 241 logical areas .....................................................................................................................................................................................153 modifying ............................................................ 151 organizing..167 viewing ................................122 positioning planes....................................................................................................... 151............. 175 moving hints and tips ...........................................................................132 color settings ............................... 174 deleting............................157 checking and repairing ....137 transparency settings .......................................................152 identical reinforcements .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 235 standard-part model ................................ 119 zooming................................135 creating....... 175 removing ....................................... 153. 16 dividing into phases.....160 control numbers.............. 169 object types ................... 143 angles................................152 numbering settings .................................................................157 sequences ... 237 identical areas ........................................................ 163 history......................................................................................................................................... 126 moving.............................................. 234................................................................................................................................................................ 143 bolt spacing ..........................................................162................................ 168 viewing .................................................................................................161 clearing................................... 74 numbering..... 122 numbering .........................................................................214 object property report templates............................................................................ 156................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................115 changing the material ........149 concrete parts ...........................objects clash checking ................................................ 154.156 placing objects in model .......220 overlapping numbering series .............55 warping ............131 showing with exact lines ........................242 positioning .............................................53 part add....... 67.....................................................................................................................242 showing and hiding......................................................................................................................................................... 145 defining visibility.......................39 points ...........239 oversized holes................242 identical parts....................42 coordinates ...................................... 58 profiles .............................................................241 numbering......................115 lengthening in drawings ................................ 222 panels .......................................................................................171 in numbering ..................................66 user-defined attributes ....................................................................................................................................................176 parametric profiles .....52 position ......42 phase and ID ......... 144................................................................................ 79 polygon cuts.................................................... 112 default properties ...............................................................................90 p pad footings ............217 parts adding to assembly.....................176 profiles ..................... 109..................................................52 properties.............................................................................116 lotting .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................117 steel parts ......112 polygon welds ....126 measuring....... 78............................................184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ......................................................................................................................................128 offsets .............................212 properties...............143 numbering................................................................................................................................52 combining ....81 panning .................................................149 inquiring properties ... 110.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................65 cambering ..........................................................................................237 hiding ......164 plane views ........ 173 shortening ......................115 shortening in drawings.................................................................................................................................................17 organizing the model ....................................................... 156 part types ...63 opening models ...............................187 phases ........................................................... 111 polygon shapes.......................................................77 cutting with another part ...........128 finding distant objects .................................................................................................54 changing the profile .....................................................117 part labels ...................74 assemblies...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................56 showing and hiding.............................................................................56 part properties...............................................93 polylines .167 orthogonal beams ..............................................................................212 polybeams......................................................54 modifying part length .........................................51 sequences ..........................212 importing ...................................116 showing only selected parts.....152 labels .......122 parallel constraints..........................................186 parametric modeling ...........130 horizontal parts ...........174 material ...... 172.. 57...............................................56 lengthening .........................................................116 comparing ..................................................................................................................................................................156 views..................70 bending . see attaching parts .............113 perpendicular constraints.........................131 splitting.........................................................................

....................................................128 repairing numbering errors .........................................................................153 numbering ........................................................................................................................... 65 depth ..................................................213 rotation angle knob ..............161 report templates for inquiring object properties ......................................................................................................................197 to old clash checking functionality .................................................... 135 copying......................................... 60 end offsets............................... 47 selecting ........28 reverting to default positioning planes.....................................................................................157 relative coordinates .........................................................................................57......... 58 reference model objects ............................................... 52 parametric ...... 63 horizontal..........241 representation options ...... 136 deleting............................126 reports viewing ............................... 176 prefixes.............................................136...................44 modifying properties ........................... 59 vertical................................................................36 representation options.....................................17 sketched cross sections . 190 radius....69 slabs ....................................................................................48 supported DGN objects ........................................................................................30 rendered views .................................................................57 refreshing views.....................21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ....................................................................................45 inserting................................................. 65 redrawing views................................. 59 rotation ...................... 237 r radial dimensions .................................. 125 priority in clash checking......................................................... 61 positioning planes.....................................................45 viewing layers.............................................149 RGB values .......... 70 user-defined ......................43 clash checking..........................................................................45 highlighting .......................................................89 plates...position bending ...................................................................................46 reference points............239 right-hand rule ..................................................39 reinforcements identical ........239 rotating models.............................................................................................. 53 sketched profiles ...............................121 parts ..................................................... 195 reverting to default ..............................................................................................58 round holes...................................................................80 s saving models............. 53 weld size prefix..................................................................................128 restoring default work plane ...................... 138 properties default ....................................................................59 rotation settings ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 136 creating .............................................................................................................................................48 updating................................. 62 levels ............................................... 136 example........................... 94 printing screenshots.... 48 reference models......................................................... 147 profiles.............................................................................................144 hiding............................................. 193 handles...................................................................................................................................... 39 reference lines........ 196 moving...................................................................................................................................... 158 preparing parts for welding.................................................53............... 197 prefixes profile name prefixes........................................................................................................................ 93 preliminary numbers................................................................................................................................................................... 201 standard ........................................................................................................................44 selecting ...........................................45 splitting into reference objects........................................ 53 project status visualizations.45 viewing changes................................................................................. 64 on the work plane........................... 53 twin profiles .................198 screen layout in Model Editor ............................................................. 53 separators ....................................................................................................................

................................................125 printing...............................................................125 settings .....118 standard profiles ................................................173 modifying .........................................................................232 general modeling settings......181 sketched cross sections...............215 view settings ......................................................... 235 orthogonal beam properties.............................................................................................227 display settings ................197 circles....................238 reference model objects .........................216 edge chamfer properties.................... 113.......................................................88 single grid lines ...................................................................................................................................................................................232 detail properties .....................................................................226 concrete slab properties .............48 reference models....................................201 refining the shape ..........................................................................................screenshots creating.................................................131 positioning planes ............................................................................................ 114 slotted holes............................................ 117......116 showing assemblies..............................................................................................................................................211 grid view properties .........................215 numbering settings ................................................................................................................................................241 shortening and lengthening parts ................................................................................................................ 234.................220 pad footing properties..................................................................214 steel beam properties ...............94 Sketch Browser...............215 weld properties ...........................................................................199 checking...........186 adding dimensions.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................38 work area .................214 sections....................225 concrete column properties .......172 adding parts.........................................218 steel column properties ....................................................................................80 warping ................................229 shifting the work plane ........................224 concrete panel properties ........................198 sketch thickness ....................211 grid line properties ................................................................ 194......................183 slabs..................................................................58 sequences .....115 shortening parts in drawings .........................................45 values from model ...........185 creating ....................................26 single bolts ..............................173 creating..............................168 selecting dates from model.............................................................212 rotation settings .................................132 cut lines............................................. 196 profiles ......................218 strip footing properties ...........................................................184 creating images ..............................................53 standard-part models .........................233...............................................................173 inquiring ..........32 single-part welds ...............................................222 part properties .................................................................................213 screenshot settings.........................................................190 arcs .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. see screenshots .......................................................204 exporting ....................182 sketch editor.........................................................217 point properties....................131 components .......................................................186 saving .............................................................181 adding constraints..........27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ..........................................................................................199 using in models.....198 polylines.....................219 corner chamfer properties ......................................................................172 deleting ..............124 splitting parts......... 203 extrusion types................................193..........201 example ...........................................................................................................................................124 in Windows Vista ........227 concrete beam properties....238 selection dial ..................... 118 plates and slabs............................................................................57 snapshots......................................225 contour plate properties........................................................240 parts labels ..............147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................160 status in clash checking ...................................125 saving in bitmap format .....58 top-in-form face................................. 203 modifying .........................84 views.......................................................................................................................................................... 202.201 variables ..........................................................................................................................................................................195 reference lines ......................184 positioning planes ................................90 snapping to middle points....................................200 importing .................................223 twin profile properties ........................................................... 202...................................185 chamfers ..................221 view properties ..................................................................212 grid properties...................56 parts with exact lines .................................................173 settings bolt properties.............

...................53 v values selecting from model .........................................84 transparency settings ......215 refreshing ...............................66......... 223 sub-assemblies ....................................................................................35 opening............................................................................................... 98 on cut faces............................................................................................... 68 orthogonal beams .... 97 on part face .................................................................238 variables in parametric modeling .. 72 welding to existing assembly.....................173 views.............................................. 66 assemblies ...........................96................................................ 68............................................................................214 twin profiles..35 deleting..................................................................................................................... 242 cutting efficiently...................................................................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports .......... 219 curved beams.................................................................................................. 237 finding RGB values for colors........33 arranging ......................... 71 bolting to existing assembly ............................................................................................................................ 241 placing objects .........................35 view planes.......................................................................................................................... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 .......................70...........................................39 temporary ............................................................... 119....153 user-defined profiles ..........................21 user-defined attributes............................................................................. 70........... 238 modifying part length...170 models..............128 view planes.................................................... 100 creating new tile patterns ........... 220 polybeams.......................................161 object types .... 97 tiled surface treatment..............128 visualizing project status.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................37 view settings .............steel parts................................ 124 numbering history........ 103 pattern elements .............55 in numbering.............192 vertical position.. 97 on chamfered parts .............................................................. 39 top-in-form face .................................. 100 pattern definition example .....................................................................183 vertical constraints........... 221 storys..... 239 selecting values from model.............................................................................................................................................................................. 221 u user interface in Model Editor ............................38 naming..................... 240 defining default part properties..................................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses.........................................215 viewing logical areas ........61 view depth .................................................................................... 100 switching between views ................. 168 strip footings ............................................ 67 twin profiles ...78............................................................... 238 creating horizontal parts................................... 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ............................36 view types.......................................................... 72 surface treatment ...............................................................................................................39 closing ...................................239 properties ..............................................................................................................................................................189 vertical dimensions .........36 visibility of objects................... 99 modifying...........................136 t testing sketched cross sections ............................................39 switching between views ................................. 197 tiled surface treatment........................................................69................ 239 copying and moving efficiently ................... 239 modeling identical areas ...................67.................................................................. 101 pattern definitions............................................. 242 right-hand rule ..................................................................................................36 moving.................................................. 70 beams ............. 69........................39 creating................................... 96 on all faces of part............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 218 columns................ 96 creating new surface treatments .................38 overlapping........................................... 218 contour plates.......................................................................................................................170 sequence numbers.................................... 98 on selected areas.........................176 in sketching .... 104 tips activating overlapping views ............................................................ 95 adding ....................................................................38 modifying ...............................

........................92 weld preparation ...120 zoom settings..................94 weld size prefixes ..........91..................................................................................................................................................................................................113 concrete slabs ................ 94 numbering.............................28 shifting ........................................................................................................................................................234 polygon welds.........................94 weld position................27 workspace in Model Editor.............................................................................................. 91...............................................113 concrete parts........................36 work area ...................... 229 between parts ..................................................................................................................................................................................93 single-part welds............120 zooming in or out ......................... 114 welds........................................ 93..........................26 hiding ....................................... 128 defining ............w warping beams.................................................................................231 welding sub-assemblies .........................72 wire frame views ........................120 with keyboard shortcuts ....................................................................................................119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...........................26 work plane....91 creating................................................ 113.........................................93 weld types.............120 zoom window .................................................................................... 25...................21 z zooming using Magnifier ...................27 restoring....................................................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .