Tekla Structures

Modeling Manual

Product version 16.0 December 2009
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Conventions used in this guide
Typographical conventions

The following typographical conventions are used in this guide:

Font
Bold

Usage Any text that you see in the user interface appears in bold. This font is used, for example, for window and dialog box titles, box and button names, and list items. New terms are in italic bold when they appear in the current context for the first time. Extracts of program code, HTML, or other material that you would normally edit in a text editor, appear in monospaced font. This font is also used for file names and folder paths, and for any text that you should type yourself.

Italic bold Monospace

Noteboxes

The following types of noteboxes are used in this guide:

A tip might introduce a shortcut, or suggest alternative ways of doing things.

A note draws attention to details that you might easily overlook. It can also point you to other information in this guide that you might find useful.

You should always read very important notes and warnings, like this one. They will help you avoid making serious mistakes, or wasting your time.

This symbol indicates advanced or highly technical information that is usually of interest only to advanced or technically-oriented readers.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Contents
Conventions used in this guide ........................................................................................................................... 3

1

Creating 3D Models ................................................................................. 15
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 What is a 3D model .............................................................................................................................. 15 Creating a new model........................................................................................................................... 16 Opening a model .................................................................................................................................. 17 Saving a model ..................................................................................................................................... 17 Saving a model with a different name or location ............................................................................ 17 Model templates ................................................................................................................................... 18 Creating a model template ............................................................................................................... 18

2

Setting up the Workspace ...................................................................... 21
2.1 Screen layout........................................................................................................................................ 21 Changing the background color ....................................................................................................... 23 Background color examples............................................................................................................. 23 2.2 Work area ............................................................................................................................................. 25 Defining the work area ..................................................................................................................... 26 Hiding the work area ........................................................................................................................ 26 2.3 Work plane............................................................................................................................................ 27 Shifting the work plane..................................................................................................................... 27 Restoring the default work plane...................................................................................................... 28 Changing the color of the work plane grid........................................................................................ 28 2.4 2.5 Coordinate system................................................................................................................................ 28 Grids ..................................................................................................................................................... 29 Creating a grid.................................................................................................................................. Grid coordinates ........................................................................................................................ Grid labels ................................................................................................................................. Modifying a grid................................................................................................................................ Deleting a grid .................................................................................................................................. Changing the grid color.................................................................................................................... Grid lines.......................................................................................................................................... Creating a single grid line .......................................................................................................... Modifying a single grid line ........................................................................................................ 30 30 31 31 31 31 32 32 33

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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Deleting a single grid line .......................................................................................................... 33 2.6 Views .................................................................................................................................................... 33 Should I model in a 3D or plane view?............................................................................................. Creating a view ................................................................................................................................ About naming views .................................................................................................................. View types ................................................................................................................................. View planes ............................................................................................................................... Moving a view plane .................................................................................................................. Creating grid views .................................................................................................................... Opening a view ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a view............................................................................................................................... Deleting a view................................................................................................................................. Switching between open views ........................................................................................................ Switching between 3D and plane view............................................................................................. Refreshing views.............................................................................................................................. Arranging views................................................................................................................................ 2.7 34 35 35 36 36 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 39 39

Construction objects ............................................................................................................................. 40 Creating a construction plane .......................................................................................................... 40 Creating a construction line.............................................................................................................. 41 Creating a construction circle........................................................................................................... 41

2.8

Points.................................................................................................................................................... 42 Creating a point................................................................................................................................ 42 Importing points................................................................................................................................ 42

2.9

Reference models................................................................................................................................. 43 Inserting a reference model ............................................................................................................. Modifying reference model properties.............................................................................................. Selecting a reference model ............................................................................................................ Hiding a reference model ................................................................................................................. Highlighting a reference model ........................................................................................................ Updating reference models .............................................................................................................. Detecting changes in a reference model.......................................................................................... Viewing reference model layers ....................................................................................................... Reference model objects ................................................................................................................. Selecting a reference model object ........................................................................................... Splitting a reference model into reference model objects .......................................................... Supported DGN objects ................................................................................................................... 44 44 45 45 45 45 45 46 47 48 48 48

3

Creating and Modifying Structures........................................................ 51
3.1 Parts ..................................................................................................................................................... 51 Part types......................................................................................................................................... 52 Profiles ............................................................................................................................................. 52

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

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....................................................................... Creating a nested assembly .............................................. Bending ................................................................................................................................................... Adding objects to assemblies.................. Creating a twin profile................................................................................................. 3............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Moving a part using handles ...................................................................... Using welds to create assemblies ................. Parametric profiles ............. Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ........... Part labels .................................................................. 70 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............................. Creating a contour plate ............................................. Materials.................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating an orthogonal beam......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Standard profiles ............................................................................................................................... Creating a round contour plate ........................................................................................... Creating a steel polybeam.............................................................3 Creating a steel column................................... 3..................................................................................................................................................................... End offsets .................................................................. Changing the material of a part ..................... Adding parts to an assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Horizontal position ....................................................... Assembly hierarchy .......................................................................................................................... 3.................................................................................................................................... Colors ............................................ 66 Assemblies....................................................................................................................................... Showing part reference lines in model views ............. Creating a curved beam ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Position depth ........................... User-defined attributes ..... Showing part labels in a view .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. User-defined profiles ........................................................... Modifying the position of a part ......................................................................................... Creating a steel beam ................................................................................................................... 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 58 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 67 68 68 69 69 70 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 74 Part position ...................................................................... Vertical position ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly ................................................ Rotation ...................................................4 Creating an assembly............................................... Levels .................................................Changing the profile of a part ........................................ 57 Steel parts....................... Creating a sub-assembly ....................................... Using bolts to create assemblies ................................................ Position on the work plane ................

........................................................................................................................................5 Creating a pad footing....................................... Changing the cast unit main part . Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit ................................................ Defining the casting direction of a part .............................................................................................. Highlighting objects in an assembly ................................................................................... Casting direction .................................2 86 86 87 88 88 88 Holes.... Creating a strip footing .............................. Changing the assembly main part ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Creating a concrete panel ...................................................................................................................... Exploding an assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................... 89 Creating slotted holes .Joining assemblies ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a concrete slab .......................................................................... Highlighting objects in a cast unit................................................................ Adding objects to cast units .................................................................... Bolt group shape ............................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating a single bolt .................... 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ......................1 Bolts............................................................................................................................................................................ 81 4 Detailing Structures .................................................................... Creating a concrete polybeam ................................................................................ 3........................ 77 Cast units........................................ 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 81 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 Concrete parts ........................... Creating a concrete beam........................................................................................................................6 Creating a cast unit ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Defining the cast unit type................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Removing objects from a cast unit ............................................. Bolt offsets ..................................................... Adding concrete objects to a cast unit ........... 4.................................... 3.......................... 85 4....................................................................................................................................... Exploding a cast unit ..................................................................................................................................................... Bolt group position ................................................... Changing the main assembly ..................................................... 89 Creating round holes............................................................................................................................... Removing objects from an assembly ........................................................................... Assembly examples ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 85 Creating a bolt group........ Showing the top-in-form face ............................. Changing or adding bolted parts ............................................................... Creating a round slab ..................... Creating a concrete column ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................ 100 Creating new tile patterns .......... 96 Adding surface treatment to parts ....................................................................................................................................................................3 Welds ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Chamfering part corners ............................................... Warping concrete parts .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Weld position .................. 90 4............................................................. Warping a beam using deformation angles .................. 4................................................................................................................................................. Manually preparing a part for welding .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 91 92 93 93 94 94 94 Surface treatment................................................................................................................................................................... 104 105 105 106 107 108 108 109 109 109 110 111 111 112 112 113 113 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................... 103 Tile pattern elements ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ Cutting parts with a line ........................................................................................................ Chamfering part edges .................................. 97 Adding surface treatment to cut faces ....................................................... 96 Adding surface treatment to a selected area .................. 97 Surface treatment on chamfered parts ..................................................................................................................... Line cuts ............. Cutting parts with another part ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 104 Chamfers..................................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part .... 101 Tile pattern definitions .................... Creating a fitting ............................................................................................... 104 4................................... Polygon cuts ........................................................................................................................................................... Cuts ...........................5 Fine-tuning part shape ..................................................................... Cutting parts with a polygon ........................................................................................ Modifying the shape of a polygon... Corner chamfer types and dimensions ............................................................................................................................................................... Weld preparation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Part cuts ..................Creating oversized holes............................................................................. 95 Modifying surface treatment properties ....................................................................... 97 Adding surface treatment to a part face ...... Fittings........................................................................................................................................ 100 Example pattern definition ....................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Tiled surface treatment.................................................. Polybeam chamfers ............................ 98 Creating new surface treatment options.............. Weld size prefixes ...................................................................................... Creating a weld to a part ......................................................................................................................................... Creating a polygon weld.......................................... 91 Creating a weld between parts.................................... 98 Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................ 5......................................................... Showing parts with exact lines .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 5............................................................................... 117 Splitting a straight or curved part ....................... Cambering a part .......................................................................................................................................................................... 4....................................................................................................................................................... Shortening and lengthening parts ..................................................................................................................................................... Shortening a part in drawings ............................................................................................................. Hiding selected parts...........................................................................2 Inquiring object properties.............................................................................................................................................. Representation options ....... 5................ Creating a screenshot............................. Creating a clip plane ...................... 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 ...6 113 114 115 115 115 116 116 Combining parts....... Flying through the model........................................................... Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista .....................................................................................7 Splitting parts ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Zooming the model ..................................... Lengthening a part in drawings ..................................................................................................1 Viewing the model .. Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool ............................................... Moving the model...................................... 126 Showing and hiding objects . 119 120 120 120 121 122 123 124 124 125 125 125 126 126 126 127 127 128 128 130 131 131 131 Inquiring the model .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Object property report templates ................................................................................................................................................................... 117 4............ Cambering parts............................................................................................................................ Using the Custom Inquiry tool .............................................................................................................................................................................. Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3 Defining which objects are displayed .................... Rotating the model .............. Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab ..................................................................... 118 5 Examining the Model................................................................ Saving a screenshot in bitmap format .......... Hiding unselected parts........................................................... Zooming with Magnifier ............................... 116 Combining two parts into one............... 116 Attaching a part to another part.........................................................................................................Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers .............................................................................. Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ..................................... 118 Splitting a plate or slab...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Printing a screenshot ............................................ Modifying the zoom settings ................................ Showing and hiding assemblies..........................

............................................................. 153 User-defined attributes in numbering ...................................................................................................... Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project ......................................... Finding clashes in a model ..................................... Example: Defining an erection schedule ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 142 6 Numbering the Model........................ Clash Check Manager ...................... Measuring distances .................................. Deleting visualization settings ...................Showing and hiding components ..................................................................... 135 Checking the model ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Measuring bolt spacing ............... Object groups ...................................................................................................................................................5 Measuring objects .................................................3 Defining numbering series ............................................................................................................................................... Finding distant objects........................................................................ Deleting object representation settings ............................................................................................ 152 Identical parts ................................................................................ Copying an object group to another model .. Example: Visualizing the erection schedule ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 153 Planning your numbering series..... Creating object representation settings ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Creating an object group ................................................. Measuring angles ................................................................................................ Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts ............................................................................................................................................... Deleting an object group ........................................................................................................ 154 Assigning a numbering series to a part ................4 Creating a visualization .... 151 What affects numbering ............................................................1 6................................................................................................................. 5............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Copying object representation settings to another model ...2 What is numbering .................................................................. Copying visualization settings to another model ................................................. 151 6.................................................................................................. Example: Creating visualization settings ....... Detecting clashes ............................. Comparing parts or assemblies........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 152 Identical reinforcements .......................................... 153 6.................................................................................... 5............................ Reverting to the old clash checking functionality .............. Example: Creating object representation settings ...................... Object representation settings.............. Example: Creating object groups .. 132 132 132 133 133 133 134 135 135 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 143 143 143 143 144 145 145 148 149 149 149 Visualizing project status.... 154 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................................................

............................................................. 162 163 164 164 165 7 Advanced Modeling................................................................. 6........................................ Adding parts to a sequence ......................................................... Modifying logical areas and object type categories......... 171 7................ Numbering reinforcements....................................................................................................... 161 Numbering examples......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 161 Repairing numbering errors ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 Numbering assemblies and cast units ......................................................................................................................... 167 Creating logical areas ....................................................................................................................................................... Example: Numbering settings during a project ...... 6.................................................................................................................Family numbers............................................................2 168 169 169 170 171 Phases.................................................................... Creating object type categories.......................................7 155 155 156 156 157 157 157 158 158 159 159 159 160 160 Numbering objects..................................................... 167 7............................................................................................ Checking the sequence of a part ................................................. 171 Dividing the model into phases ....................................................................... Viewing logical areas and object type categories ................................ 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Deleting logical areas and object type categories........................................................................................................................................ 162 Example: Numbering identical beams........................................................................ Modifying the sequence number of a part.................................................. Saving preliminary numbers............................................................................................................. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases................................. Example: Using family numbers.......................................... 172 173 173 173 173 7........................... 171 Custom phase properties ............................................................................................................................................................... Changing numbers....... Overlapping numbering series ............................................ Assembly position numbers ...6 6...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Locking and unlocking control numbers ..........................................1 Organizing the model............................................ Clearing numbers...................................................................4 Lotting .......................................................................... Deleting a sequence ...................................... 156 Viewing the numbering history......................................................3 Sequences................................... Changing the family number of an object ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Assigning control numbers to parts .................................................. Example: Numbering selected part types ................................ Creating a standard-part model ..........................................................................................................................5 6....................................................................................... Control numbers.................................. Assigning family numbers ................................. 7........................................................... 172 Creating a sequence ........................

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Showing and hiding positioning planes ......................... Moving positioning plane handles .............................................................................. Adding parts to a lot ................................................................................................................................ Modifying a sketched cross section....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a horizontal constraint ................................... Variables ............................................................. Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section................................................................................... Sketching an arc ................................................................................ Deleting a dimension from a sketch .................................................................................................................................................... Removing parts from a lot .......... 181 Opening the cross section sketch editor ....................... Modifying chamfers in a sketch .......................... Connection positioning planes ..................................................................................................5 7.................................................................................................. Adding a perpendicular constraint ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 176 Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures ............................................................................................................................................................................. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch ..................................................................... Deleting a lot ................................................. 7................................................................................. Adding a radial dimension to a sketch ...................................................... Adding a vertical constraint ........................................................ Refining the shape of a sketched cross section ....... Part positioning planes .......................................... Setting the sketch thickness ............................................................................ Adding a parallel constraint ........................................ Adding an angle dimension to a sketch ........................................Creating a lot .......................................... Adding a fixed constraint .............6 174 175 175 175 Parametric modeling ................................................................................ Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Adding a coincident constraint ........................................ Sketch Browser .......... Reverting to default positioning planes ............. Checking a sketched cross section ..................... Sketching a polyline ............................................................. Cross section extrusion types ......... Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section........................................................................................................................................................................................ Deleting a constraint .......................................................................................................................... Moving positioning planes ........................................................................................................................................... 181 182 183 184 184 185 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189 189 190 190 191 191 192 192 193 193 193 194 195 195 196 197 197 198 198 199 199 200 12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................. Sketching the outline of a cross section ....................................................................................................................................................... Sketching a circle ...................................... 176 Sketched cross sections ...................................................................................................................................................... Saving a sketched cross section ................

.............................................................................................................. Creating an image of a sketched cross section ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 215 View properties .................................................. Example: Setting the cross section thickness .......... Pad footing properties........................................................................................................................................................... Contour plate properties.......... Concrete slab properties ...................................................................................................................................... Concrete beam properties......................................................... 231 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 ....................................... Twin profile properties.................................................................................................................................. 227 Weld properties ..... 201 201 202 203 203 204 204 205 206 207 208 8 Modeling Settings.................................................... 8............................4 Detail properties......................................................................2 211 212 212 213 213 214 214 View settings............................................................................................................................................... Strip footing properties ................................................................................................................................................................................................ Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section ............................................................................... 217 Steel column properties .............. 211 Grid properties ................................................................................................................................................................................... Concrete column properties ............................................................................................................................ Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 227 Bolt properties...................................................................................... Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section ............. 216 8........................... Importing and exporting sketched cross sections ........................................................................................................ Color settings .................................................................1 General settings.................................. Example: Using the cross section in a model ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 218 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 225 226 8........................................ Screenshot settings...................................................................................................................................................................................... Orthogonal beam properties ................................. Grid line properties............................................................................................ Concrete panel properties.............................................................................. Point properties ........................................... 215 Grid view properties .... Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section................................................................................................................................................. 229 Weld types .................................................................................................................................................... Steel beam properties .............................................................. Exporting sketched cross sections .......... Rotation settings ....................................................... 215 Display settings ......................................................Using sketched cross sections in a model ...................................... Importing sketched cross sections ........................................................... 211 8................................................................................................................... Transparency settings......................................................................................3 Part properties ......................................................

...................................................................................................................... Cutting efficiently ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 235 9 Modeling Tips .........Corner chamfer properties .... Creating horizontal parts ........................................................... 237 238 238 238 239 239 239 240 240 241 241 242 242 242 Part positioning tips..................................2 Modifying part length ................................................................................................................... 234 Control number settings ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 233 General numbering settings ........................................................................................................................................................ Optional ways of placing objects in a model ...........................1 General modeling tips ............................................................. Right-hand rule.................................................................................5 Numbering settings ......... Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern........................................................................................... Selecting values from the model ............ 232 8............................................................................................. 237 Defining default part properties ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 241 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 232 Edge chamfer properties ....... Hiding cut lines in a view ................................................................................................... 237 9.................................................................................................. Modeling identical areas.................... Copying and moving efficiently................ 9. 233 Weld numbering settings................................................ Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ................................................................... Activating an overlapping view ............................................................................................... Finding RGB values for colors...........................

such as reports and NC data files. The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure. as they react to modifications in the model. 17) Model templates (p. and save models in Tekla Structures. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models 15 . 17) Saving a model (p. create.1 Creating 3D Models This section explains how to open. 15) Creating a new model (p. including: • • • • Geometry and dimensions Profiles and cross sections Connection types Materials The 3D model is the single source of information for drawings and other outputs. 16) Opening a model (p.1 What is a 3D model Using Tekla Structures. 18) 1. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. you can create a real-life model of any structure. Contents • • • • • What is a 3D model (p.

See also

Creating and Modifying Structures (p. 51)

1.2 Creating a new model
You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. This model contains all the information about the project. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: 1. Click File > New... or . You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model.

2.

• • •
3. 4. 5.

Define where to save the new model. To select a folder, click Browse. To save the model in a recently used model folder, use the Save in list box. To define the location manually, type the path in the Save in field, followed by the \ character. Do not enter the model name in this field.

Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not use special characters (/ \ ; : | ). Optional: In the Model template list box, select the template you want to use. In the Model type list box, define whether the model may be used by one person or shared by many. • Single-user: model will be used by one person.


6.

Multi-user: model is stored on a server and may be used by several people. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field.

Click OK. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view.

See also

Model templates (p. 18) Multi-user mode

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

1.3 Opening a model
To open a Tekla Structures model: 1. . Click File > Open... or You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. In the Open dialog box, select the model. • To open a recently used model, use the Model name list box.

2.

• •
3.

To open a recently used model folder, use the Look in list box. To search for models in another folder, click Browse...

Click OK to open the model. If no views are visible after you have opened a model, Tekla Structures prompts you to select one.

You can sort models by clicking the column titles. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names, you can use the keyboard to select models. For example, when you type N, Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also

Creating a new model (p. 16)

1.4 Saving a model
You should save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. Tekla Structures also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. To save a model, do one of the following: • • Click . Click File > Save. The Autosave tool automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. To set the autosave interval, click Tools > Options > Options... > General.

See also

Saving a model with a different name or location (p. 17) Saving in multi-user mode Autosave

Saving a model with a different name or location
To save a copy of a model under a different name or in a different location: 1. 2. Click File > Save As... In the Save as dialog box, browse to the folder where you want to save the model.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

17

3. 4.

In the Model name field, type a new name. Click OK. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name, but the original version of the model remains intact.

See also

Saving a model (p. 17)

1.5 Model templates
This section is for advanced users.

You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. The location of model templates is defined by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. For example, you can set this advanced option to point to the same location as XS_FIRM. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel.xml in the model folder contains the setting <IsTemplate>TRUE</IsTemplate>. The default value is FALSE. You can create only single-user models with model templates. If you wish to create a multi-user model using a model template, create the model in single-user mode and then switch to multiuser mode.
See also

Creating a model template (p. 18) Switching between single-user and multi-user modes

Creating a model template
When you create a model template, always start by creating a new empty model. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model. To create a model template: 1. 2. 3. 4. Create a new model and give it a unique name. For example, Steel framework. Add the desired profiles, custom components, and so on, in the model. Save and close the model. Move the whole model folder in the location pointed by the advanced option XS_MODEL_TEMPLATE_DIRECTORY. By default, the advanced option points to the folder ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\default\model_templates\. In the new template model folder, open the TeklaStructuresModel.xml file using any standard text editor.

5.

18

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels.xml file that is located in the TeklaStructuresModels folder or in the place pointed by the advanced option XS_RUNPATH.

6. 7.
See also

Set the IsTemplate element to TRUE. Save the file.

Model templates (p. 18)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

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20

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating 3D Models

2 Setting up the Workspace This section explains how to set up the workspace so that you can start modeling. 42) Reference models (p. 40) Points (p. Contents • • • • • • • • • Screen layout (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 21 . a new window appears on the screen. 25) Work plane (p. the icons and available menu options will become active. 29) Views (p. 33) Construction objects (p. When you open or create a model. Initially. 27) Coordinate system (p. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models. 43) 2. most of the menu options and all the icons are gray indicating that they are inactive.1 Screen layout When you start Tekla Structures. 28) Grids (p. 21) Work area (p.

The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures modeling interface: Status bar displays instructions. and the status of some settings Snap settings control which points you can snap to and pick Select switches determine the selectable objects Pull-down menus contain all the commands Toolbars can be either docked or floating See also Changing the background color (p. 23) 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 23 . Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options.. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. 2. 239) Background color examples (p. Finding RGB values for colors (p. the second value to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2.Changing the background color You can define the background color of model views using RGB values. 23) Background color examples Below are some examples of possible background colors that you can define. set the same value for all four corners of the background. To change the background color in rendered views: 1. > Model View. To use the default background color. The first RGB value refers to the advanced option XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1. Modify the background color using the following advanced options: • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR1 • • • XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR2 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR3 XS_BACKGROUND_COLOR4 To use a single-colored background. and so on. 3. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.. leave the advanced option fields empty.

0 1.0 0.0 1.0 Result 0.0 1.RGB values 1.2 0.0 0.0 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .0 1.2 0.0 0.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.4 0.

8 0.2 0.0 0.2 Work area Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green.0 1.0 0. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 25 .6 1.3 0.8 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.0 0.0 Result 0.RGB values 0. 23) Finding RGB values for colors (p.7 0.7 0.0 0.7 See also Changing the background color (p.0 1. dashed lines.2 0.6 0.0 0. 239) 2.0 0.0 1.3 0.

5. for example. 4. to concentrate on a particular area of the model. Set the XS_HIDE_WORKAREA advanced option to TRUE. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. This can be useful.You can define the work area to suit particular situations.. Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. 25) Hiding the work area If you want. 3. or size the work area to include selected parts. or all model objects. for example. To make the work area visible again. For more information on each command. 2. 1. or in all visible views. See also Work area (p. but they are not visible.. you can hide the green work area box. Objects outside the work area still exist. To define the work area: 1. Click View > Redraw All. Alternatively. 26) Defining the work area You can shrink and expand the work area by picking the corner points of the new work area. You can define the work area in a selected view. 26) Hiding the work area (p. hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys when clicking View > Redraw All to hide the green work area box. Work area (p. Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar. click View > Redraw All again. > Model View. See also Defining the work area (p. Click OK or Apply. set the advanced option to FALSE. 25) 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . see the corresponding menu tooltip. To make the box visible again. 2. Tekla Structures hides the work area. when creating screenshots for presentations. See also Select a command from View > Fit Work Area.

Tekla Structures displays the work plane grid in dark red color. parallel to one of the global basic planes. Click View > Set Work Plane and select one of the commands. or on a part or view plane.2. When modeling sloped parts.3 Work plane The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane. you need to shift the work plane to the slope of the roof. The red arrow symbol shows the xy plane. 27) Restoring the default work plane (p. To display the work plane grid. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command. shifting the work plane helps you to place parts accurately. For example creating points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 27 . The current work plane is model-specific. See also Shifting the work plane (p. Optional: In the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. 28) Right-hand rule (p. To shift the work plane: 1. 2. so it is the same in all views. Most of the commands that are dependent on the coordinate system use work plane coordinates. The z direction follows the right-hand rule. 28) Changing the color of the work plane grid (p. which is the local coordinate system of the model. 3. For example. which can be used for positioning parts. part positioning. to model horizontal bracing and purlins in a sloped roof. 239) Shifting the work plane You can shift the work plane to any position by picking points. select Work plane to display the work plane grid. select Work plane from the second list box on the Snapping toolbar. The work plane also has its own grid. and copying always comply with the work plane coordinate system. Shift the work plane by following the instructions on the status bar.

Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect.0. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 27) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Click OK. Set Depth coordinate to 0.. and z) represents the local coordinate system and indicates the direction of the model. to change the color to red. > Model View. set the value to 1. The coordinate symbol follows the work plane. For example. Work plane (p. 3. 27) Changing the color of the work plane grid To change the color of the work plane grid: 1. 3. See also Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane.. 4. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR_FOR_WORK_PLANE. 239) 2. Click Change.4 Coordinate system The symbol with three axes (x.. To restore the default work plane: 1.. 2. 2. 4. Set Plane to XY.0 0. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. y. It is located in the lower right corner of the model view. See also Work plane (p.0 0.See also Work plane (p. 27) Restoring the default work plane Remember to change back to the default work plane when you have finished modeling sloped structures.

27) View types (p. See also Work plane (p.5 Grids Grids are used as an aid in locating objects in a Tekla Structures model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 29 . the green cube represents the global coordinate system and lies at the global point of origin. 36) 2. The grid is shown on the view plane using dash-and-dot lines. Grid origin is the point where the zero points of each coordinate axis intersect Grid line extensions define how far the grid lines extend in each direction Grid labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line.In wire frame views. A grid represents a three-dimensional complex of horizontal and vertical planes.

5. Both methods create three lines with the spacing of 4000. 31) Deleting a grid (p. Modify the grid properties. 3. which means that entries for z are absolute distances from the work plane origin. For example. To manually create a grid: 1. Click Modeling > Create Grid. 0 2*4000. 32) Creating a grid When you create a new model. we strongly advise that you create a modular grid. 211) Grid coordinates The x and y coordinates of a grid are relative. You can also create grids manually. The z coordinates are absolute. 4. 31) Grid lines (p. Define several grid lines with equal spacing. 30) Grid labels (p. Y0. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. Optional: To bind objects to the grid lines. 31) Grid properties (p. pick a point to indicate the origin of the grid.You can have more than one grid in a model. See also Click Create. and Z0. If you do not pick a point.. You can have a maximum of 1024 characters in the coordinates field. Use a zero at the start to represent a grid on the 0. For example. 30) Coordinate system (p. 28) 30 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . See also Creating a grid (p. Tekla Structures positions the origin according to the values you entered for X0.. Optional: When prompted. 2. select the Magnetic grid plane check box. Tekla Structures automatically creates a grid and a view according to the saved standard properties. So that you can easily locate objects in your model. There are two ways to enter the x or y coordinates of grid lines: • • Define the coordinates individually. and Z0. 29) Grid coordinates (p. You can create a large-scale grid for the entire structure. The coordinates of the picked point appear in the Grid dialog box as X0. 30) Modifying a grid (p. 0 4000 4000. This means that the entries for x and y are always relative to the previous entry.0 coordinate and spaces as separators for coordinates. and smaller grids for some detailed sections. Y0. Grids (p. See also Creating a grid (p. 31) Changing the grid color (p.

If the coordinate check boxes are selected. 30) Modifying a grid To modify a grid: 1. The Z field is for the names of levels parallel to the work plane. not the grid. is selected. you can leave the label fields empty. See also Grids (p. 2. is selected. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. If you wish. The names in the X field are associated with the grid lines parallel to the y axis and vice versa. 29) Creating a grid (p. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Select a grid line. When working with very large grids. 29) Changing the grid color To change the color of the grid in rendered views: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 31 . When you delete a grid. clear the check boxes next to the coordinate fields in the Grid dialog box. See also Click Modify to save the changes. 29) Grid properties (p. Tekla Structures deletes all single grid lines attached to the grid. Modify the grid properties. 4. 3. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. 2. 211) Deleting a grid To delete a grid: 1. If you have also other objects selected. To hide the grid labels when you zoom in. Ensure that the Select grid selection switch Double-click a grid line. 3. See also Grids (p. use the advanced option XS_ADJUST_GRID_LABELS. Grids (p. The Grid dialog box appears. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected.Grid labels Labels are the names of the grid lines shown in views. always having the grid labels visible might slow down Tekla Structures. If you have attached additional grid lines to the grid and you want to preserve them.

See also Grids (p. Pick the end point of the grid line. 4. 2. 4.. Modify the advanced option XS_GRID_COLOR.0 0. See also Grids (p. 57) Creating a single grid line To create a single grid line: 1. Define the color using RGB values on a scale of 0 to 1. 33) Moving a part using handles (p. 3. If you want to move the grid lines using the handles to make a skewed grid.1. 29) Finding RGB values for colors (p. Click OK.0 0. 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . Single grid lines have handles. 29) Creating a single grid line (p. 239) Grid lines You can attach single grid lines to an existing grid. 2. the handles appear in magenta. you can do this only on the local XY plane of the grid. set the value to 1. Pick the starting point of the grid line. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. 32) Modifying a single grid line (p..0. When you select a grid line. 33) Deleting a single grid line (p. 3. Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. to change the color to red. Click Modeling > Add Grid Line. > Model View. You can use handles to move the grid lines. For example.

See also Grid lines (p. 212) Deleting a single grid line To delete a single grid line: 1. See also is selected. is selected. Modify the grid line properties. 3. ensure that you do not have any other objects selected. 4. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. There are several ways to create views in Tekla Structures. Grid lines (p. Tekla Structures only deletes the objects. 32) Grid line properties (p. For example. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Double-click a grid line. not the grid line. When you delete a grid line. If you also have other objects selected. 2. 32) Modifying a single grid line To modify a single grid line: 1. Click Modify to save the changes. Ensure that the Select grid line selection switch Select the grid line you want to delete. you can create views: • • • • of the entire structure of selected parts and components of selected cast units and assemblies along the grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 33 . The Grid Line Properties dialog box appears. See also Grid lines (p. 3. 2. 32) 2. Each view is displayed in its own window inside the Tekla Structures window.

See also Creating a view (p. which is useful for different tasks. 39) Refreshing views (p. This places the part in the center of the view. 35) Opening a view (p. 38) Modifying a view (p. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 39) Should I model in a 3D or plane view? 3D. 38) Deleting a view (p. One common technique is to open several views: • • • A 3D view to see a real-life version of the model A plane view. create a 3D view of the part. plane. and elevation views provide different types of information. where you can add and connect parts An elevation view to check the level Selecting a part in a view highlights the part in all open views. 38) Switching between open views (p.When you need to see a specific part clearly. 39) Arranging views (p. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view (p.

35) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 35 . Temporary views have a default name in parentheses. If several users have different views with the same name. For more information on each command. b Type a unique name in the Name field. which have a default name in parentheses. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 215) About naming views (p. 3. c See also Click Modify. Views (p. so you do not have to give each view a specific name.If you are working with two screens. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. or the view will not be saved for later use. it is very important to give views unique names. Create the view by following the instructions on the status bar. Temporary views. 35) View types (p. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 38) About naming views Tekla Structures numbers views in order of creation. In multi-user mode. See also Creating a view (p. You should give each view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. disappear when you close them. 36) View planes (p. Select a view command from the View menu. 36) Creating grid views (p. Do not use parentheses when naming a view. Optional: Save the view. maximize your work area by putting the elevation and 3D views on one screen and the plane view on the other. See also Views (p. When you exit the model. Tekla Structures only saves the named views. the view settings of one user may randomly override the settings of another user. 39) Creating a view To create a new view: 1. 33) View settings (p. 2.

It does not appear in the plane name. and zy). 128) View planes Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible and points are represented as yellow crosses. 35) Representation options (p. Points that are located outside the view plane are red. • See also Creating a view (p. Basic views Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes (xy. two axes always define the view plane and the axes appear in the plane name.View types The view type defines the appearance of the view. Wire frame Objects are transparent and their outlines are displayed. xz. In the basic plane view. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. The view type options are: • Rendered Objects look more realistic because they are non-transparent and their surfaces are displayed. In basic views. You cannot rotate the model with the mouse in wire frame views. the model is shown from the direction of the third axis. It also affects what methods you can use to rotate the model. The view plane options for basic views are: Plane: XY 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace .

you either define the view plane and coordinate by picking points. 35) See also Moving a view plane You can change the view plane by moving it like any other object. 36) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 37 . or the points are defined automatically. If the Move . See also View planes (p..Linear dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Moving a view plane (p. depending on the creation method. 5. 2. Pick the starting point of the translation vector.Plane: XZ Plane: ZY For basic views. Click Move. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. 37) Creating a view (p. 3. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Pick the end point of the translation vector. Tekla Structures only uses the vector that is perpendicular to the view plane. 4. or enter its coordinates. The view plane coordinate equals this distance.. or enter its coordinates. Other views For view types other than basic views. you also define the distance the view plane is from the global origin in the direction of the third axis. When you move a view plane. from the pop-up menu. Click the view. To move the view plane: 1.

The Views dialog box appears. create a view that contains a grid.. how it will name the views. 33) Modifying a view To modify an existing view: 1. 3. Tekla Structures displays a warning. Modify the grid properties. If the view does not appear. You can have up to nine views on the screen at the same time. 35) Grid view properties (p. Select a view and use the arrows between the lists. If you try to open more than nine views. 2. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. See also Views (p.Creating grid views Grid views are views along the grid lines. and all visible views on the right. Click Modify. The grid views will not be visible until you move them to the visible views in the Views dialog box. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. or double-click a view to open it. Click View > View List... The Views dialog box appears. Views (p. To open multiple views. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. Modify the view properties. Before you start. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. 4. Click the arrow buttons to show or hide the grid views. To create grid views: 1. 3.. Select the grid. 2.. 33) View settings (p. 5. See also Creating a view (p. You can define how many views Tekla Structures will create. and which view properties it will use. Click Create. 215) Opening a view To view and open an existing view: 1. check how many views you have open. 215) Deleting a view To delete a named view: 38 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 2.

Click View > View List.1. 39) Switching between 3D and plane view To switch between the 3D and the plane view. or have Tekla Structures automatically arrange views. 39) Refreshing views To refresh the screen display. select a view from the list. do one of the following: • • • See also Press Ctrl+P. 3. Views (p. Views (p. To delete multiple views. 33) Switching between 3D and plane view (p. do any of the following: To Redraw the contents of the active view Redraw the contents of all the views See also Do this Right-click the view and select Redraw View from the pop-up menu.. Click Delete. select an option from the Angle list box. 33) Switching between open views (p. Select the view you want to delete. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 39 .. The Views dialog box appears. Click View > Switch to 3D / Plane. Views (p. do one of the following: • • See also Use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Tab. and all visible views on the right.. See also Views (p. Tekla Structures lists all invisible named views on the left. In the View Properties dialog box. 33) Switching between open views To switch between open views. and then click Modify. On the Window menu. Click View > Redraw All. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views from the list. 33) Arranging views You can arrange views manually by dragging and dropping each view within the Tekla Structures window. 2.

For more information on how to move part and component basic views and zoom windows across the entire Windows desktop. 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . rather than binding lots of handles and chamfers to faces. do any of the following: To Arrange all open views in a stack Arrange all open views horizontally Arrange all open views vertically Close all the views Do this Click Windows > Cascade. 33) 2. When you move the plane. select the Magnetic check box.7 Construction objects Construction planes. the attached handles and chamfers move with it. Click Windows > Tile Horizontally. Pick four points. You cannot use the Cascade. Tile Horizontally. Type a name for the plane. 2. 4. 41) Creating a construction plane To create a construction plane: 1. The Construction Plane Properties dialog box appears. They do not appear in drawings. and XS_MDIBASICVIEWPARENT. For example. Click Windows > Tile Vertically. and circles help you place other objects. You can also create magnetic construction lines or planes to bind and move groups of objects. Click the middle mouse button. 5. and Tile Vertically commands for views that you can move outside the Tekla Structures window. 3. For example. See also Views (p. Double-click the plane in the model. Click View > Close All. Click Modeling > Add Construction Plane.To arrange the views. See also Creating a construction plane (p. see XS_MDIVIEWPARENT. you can easily pick the points at intersections of construction lines and circles. Optional: To make the construction plane magnetic. Tekla Structures draws the plane. XS_MDIZOOMPARENT. 41) Creating a construction circle (p. lines. The snap priority of construction objects is the same as with the other lines. simply create a construction plane that goes through all the handles and chamfers. Construction objects remain in the model when you update or redraw views and windows. 40) Creating a construction line (p. Then make this plane magnetic and bind the plane to the appropriate face. 6.

Create the construction circle by following the instructions on the status bar. 40) Creating a construction line To create a construction line: 1. c Click Modify. Click Modify. 40) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 41 . Optional: Make the construction line magnetic. 2.7. 3. For more information on each command. b Select the Magnetic check box. 4. See also Construction objects (p. 2. Pick the starting point of the construction line. Click Modeling > Add Construction Line. 40) Creating a construction circle To create a construction circle: 1. a Double-click the line in the model. see the corresponding menu tooltip. See also Construction objects (p. Pick the end point of the construction line. Select a command from Modeling > Add Construction Circle. See also Construction objects (p.

8 Points You can create points to make it easier to place objects at positions where no lines or objects intersect. See also Creating a point (p. 42) Importing points This section is for advanced users. You need to specify the point coordinates in a text file. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. 42) Importing points (p. To import points from a file: 1. When you create points. Tekla Structures always places them according to the work plane coordinate system. Which method is the most convenient at each time depends on what you have already created in the model and which locations you can easily pick. In some cases this file is generated by another software package. Points located on the view plane are yellow and points outside the view plane are red. There are many ways to create points in Tekla Structures. 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 2. For more information on each command. see the corresponding menu tooltip. Points (p. Create a point import file. Create the point by following the instructions on the status bar. See also Use the icons on the Points toolbar. You can import points to specific locations in an open Tekla Structures model using the point creation import macro. 42) Point properties (p.2. 212) Creating a point To create a point: 1.

Click Create.9 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model.dgn. For example: 100. 45) Highlighting a reference model (p.500. a plant design model. It does not save the reference model when you save the current model. Tekla Structures looks for the file in the current model folder. 4. Tekla Structures ignores all lines in the import file which do not consist of valid values delimited by tabs or commas. If you do not specify the path. 45) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 43 . *. The filename extension of a saved reference model properties file is *. b Save the file.rop. During the import process.3dd) IFC files (*.700.dwg) MicroStation (*. 45) Hiding a reference model (p. See also Inserting a reference model (p. Type the ASCII file name. For example.a Create a text file that consists of single lines for each point.1000 300. Press Ctrl + F to open the Component Catalog. Use commas or tabs as delimiters for the three point coordinates on a line.IFC) IGES files (*. 3. 42) 2.prp) Cadmatic models (*. *.dxf) AutoCAD (*. Double-click Point Creation Import (8). Type point in the Search field and click Search. See also Points (p.iges) Tekla WebViewer XML files (*. Define the origin of the imported points by entering the coordinates. A reference model is created in Tekla Structures or another software or modeling tool and imported to Tekla Structures.1500 2. ventilating and airconditioning (HVAC) model can be used as a reference model. 44) Modifying reference model properties (p. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from the file each time you open your model. 44) Selecting a reference model (p. The following file types are supported: • • • • • • • AutoCAD (*. 5.xml) You can snap to reference model geometry. Include the full path and the file extension. 7.igs. or a heating. 6. Reference models can also be simple 2D drawings that are imported and then used as a layout to directly build the model on. an architectural model.

.. Click File > Insert Reference Model. If you do not define a reference model file to use. button to browse for the reference model file. Click User-defined attributes. 7. or you forget to click Apply. 47) Supported DGN objects (p. 2. 45) Detecting changes in a reference model (p. Set the scale of the reference model. The default reference model is a white cross: See also Reference models (p. if it is different to the one in the Tekla Structures model (for example. Open a Tekla Structures model. 43) 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . 45) Viewing reference model layers (p.Updating reference models (p. 48) Inserting a reference model To insert a reference model in a Tekla Structures model: 1. 6.. For more information on user-defined attributes. Modify the properties and then click Modify. Click File > Reference Model List. the file does not exist. 3. See also Reference models (p. 5. 43) Modifying reference model properties To modify the properties of a reference model: 1. Check the work plane position.inp file.. 4. Tekla Structures displays a default reference model. 3. if it uses different measurement units).. You can define user-defined attributes in the objects. see Adding properties. 4. Pick a position to define the reference model origin. Tekla Structures displays the reference model origin as a handle. 2. Click Apply or OK to save the current reference model properties. as it determines the rotation of the reference model in the Tekla Structures model.. Double-click the reference model to open the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Click the Browse. 46) Reference model objects (p.

Reference models (p.xml) 3D DWG (. See also Click File > Reference Model List. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the cache for the reference models that have a newer modified date than the one already in the cache. 48) Hiding a reference model To hide a reference model: 1. 2. Click File > Reference Model List.. 2. See also Activate the Select component Select the reference model.. 43) Highlighting a reference model To check which reference models are included in the model..dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace 45 . 43) Detecting changes in a reference model Reference models are often updated. Reference models (p.Selecting a reference model To select a reference model: 1. but the changes are rarely documented. To update all reference models: 1. switch. 2. Select Hidden from the Visibility list box. Select a reference model from the list.ifc) Cadmatic (.. See also Reference models (p. Click Reload all.3dd) WebViewer (.. 2. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. you can highlight them. You can see the changes between an old and a new reference model in Tekla Structures by using the commands in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Click File > Reference Model List. See also Reference models (p. The reference model is highlighted in the Tekla Structures model. To highlight a reference model: 1. 43) Updating reference models You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model in case there have been changes in the original reference models after you have brought them into Tekla Structures.. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • IFC (.

43) Viewing reference model layers You can view different layers of a reference model. 4. Click Display.. Double-click the reference model. 2. Double-click the reference model. To view reference model layers: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the inserted reference model objects. In the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Select an option in the Show list box in the Change detection section. button next to the Old file name field. See also Reference models (p.. This is useful if you want to for example examine only certain parts of the model. 3. 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace . select Inserted to see the added objects. browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. For example.To view changes in a reference model: 1.

2. 3. 4. 5.

In the Reference Model Properties dialog box, click Select layers... Select the layers you want to view. Depending on your reference model, you could for example select a layer that contains only windows. Click OK. Click Modify in the Reference Model Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures highlights the layer with windows.

See also

Reference models (p. 43)

Reference model objects
You can split reference models into separate reference model objects. Reference model objects can have separate user-defined attributes that can be used for reports and the view and selection filters. The reference model objects are read-only.
Limitations

The use of this functionality depends on the file format and file structure. You can use it for example for IFC and for DWG files that include any of the following objects:

• • • • •

block table polyface mesh polygon mesh proxy object (for example, ADT) ACIS objects (3DSolid, Body, Region)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

47

You cannot use this functionality for DGN, STEP, or IGES files.

See also

Reference models (p. 43) Selecting a reference model object (p. 48) Splitting a reference model into reference model objects (p. 48)

Selecting a reference model object
To select a reference model object: 1. 2.
See also

Activate the Select objects in components Select the desired object in the reference model.

switch.

Reference model objects (p. 47) Selecting a reference model (p. 45)

Splitting a reference model into reference model objects
You can quickly split reference models into reference model objects. After you have split the reference model into reference model objects, you can use the ID number and attributes of the reference model objects for example in filtering and reports. To split a reference model into reference model objects: 1. 2. Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Model
Properties dialog box. Click Subdivide.

The advanced option XS_USE_EXACT_EXTREMA_FOR_REFERENCE_MODELS is not compatible with this feature.

When you have split the reference model into reference model objects, the ID numbers of all the reference model objects are visible in the model database, even if you remove the reference model object and update the reference model.
See also

Reference model objects (p. 47) Filtering reference model object properties

Supported DGN objects
Tekla Structures can display the following DGN objects in reference models:

• • • •

Line Elements (Type 3) Line String (Type 4) Shape (Type 6) Text Nodes (Type 7)

48

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

• • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Curve (Type 11) Complex Chains (Type 12) Complex Shapes (Type 14) Elliptic Elements (Type 15) Arc Elements (Type 16) Text Elements (Type 17) Surfaces (Type 18) Solids (Type 19) Point String Elements (Type 22) Cone Elements (Type 23) B-spline Surfaces (Type 24) B-spline Curves (Type 27) Shared Cells (Type 34, 35) Mesh Elements (Type 105), subtype "Indexed Face Loops"

The following DGN objects are not supported:

• • •

Dimension Elements (Type 33) Multiline Elements (Type 36) Mesh Elements (Type 105), other subtypes than "Indexed Face Loops"

SmartSolid elements are supported as WireFrame only.
See also

Reference models (p. 43)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

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50

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Setting up the Workspace

3

Creating and Modifying Structures

This section explains how to create and modify parts using different materials and profiles. It also includes a general description of part properties and step-by-step instructions for all the part commands.
Contents

• • • • • •

Parts (p. 51) Part position (p. 57) Steel parts (p. 66) Assemblies (p. 70) Concrete parts (p. 77) Cast units (p. 81)

3.1 Parts
In Tekla Structures, the term part refers to the basic building objects that can be modeled and detailed further. These are the building blocks of the physical model. Every part has properties that define it, such as material, profile, and location. You can use part properties in view and selection filters. For example, you can select, modify, and hide parts based on their properties. You can also include part properties and user-defined attributes in drawing and report templates.
See also

Part properties (p. 217) Part types (p. 52) Profiles (p. 52) Materials (p. 54) Colors (p. 55) User-defined attributes (p. 55) Part labels (p. 56)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures

51

Icon Description A standard profile. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Open the Select Profile dialog box. 66) Concrete parts (p.Part types The main steel parts are: • • • • • • • • • • • • See also column beam polybeam curved beam contour plate The main concrete parts are: pad footing strip footing column beam polybeam slab panel Parts (p. • For steel parts. 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . When you create or modify a part. button next to the Profile field.. 53) Parametric profiles (p. The profiles are grouped according to rules that you can define and modify. you can select the profile from a tree that contains all the profiles available in the profile catalog.. 53) User-defined profiles (p. 53) The profile catalog Changing the profile of a part To change the profile of a part: 1. 77) Profiles Tekla Structures contains standard. click the Select. See also Changing the profile of a part (p. A parametric profile. parametric. 52) Standard profiles (p. For user-defined profiles Tekla Structures also displays cross section information. and user-defined profiles. 2. 51) Steel parts (p.

but do not exist in the Tekla Structures profile catalog. so you should not edit them. • 5. enter the profile dimensions in the Value column. Click Apply or OK. 181) Adding a standard (fixed) user-defined profile TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 53 . but you determine their size by giving one or more parameters. Optional: Define what profile information you want to see. If you select a parametric profile. and *. You can define alternative prefixes for parametric profiles. The properties of these library profiles conform to industry standards. See also Profiles (p. • To see all the properties of profiles. X. For concrete parts. Dimension values in parametric profile names are separated by the standard separators -. environmentspecific profiles. you could create a pitched user-defined profile. Parametric profile names have specific prefixes and they include dimension values. Click Modify. 6. Parametric profiles are partly userdefinable and they have a predefined shape. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. You can add profiles to the profile catalog. See also Profiles (p. 52) Sketched cross sections (p. You can also define additional separators using the variables XS_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATOR and XS_USER_DEFINED_PARAMETRIC_PROFILE_SEPARATORS . with different cross sections at the beginning and end of the profile. select the Show all profiles check box. See also Profiles (p. • To select a recently used profile. 52) User-defined profiles You can create your own profiles and save them in the profile catalog. /. • To display all the profiles of the profile catalog in the tree. 52) Parametric profiles You can use parametric profiles to model profiles that are standard in a specific environment. use the Profile name list box. By default. only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. 52) Standard profiles When you first start Tekla Structures. 4. Select a profile from the list. For example. the profile catalog contains standard. click the button next to the Shape field.• 3. See also Profiles (p. select the Show details check box.

. next to the Material field. Select a material from the list. and so on. partial safety factors. 6. The Design tab contains information about design-specific properties. For example. including the modulus of elasticity. or names used in different countries or standards. The Select Material dialog box appears. • To see all the properties of materials. select the Show details check box. Click Modify. Design information User attributes See also Changing the material of a part (p. or surface quality class of a concrete material type. • 4. they can be former names. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. You can also enter a material name in the Material field in the part properties dialog box. Each material has the following properties: Property Alias Description Aliases are alternative names. Analysis information The Analysis tab contains information about the properties used in structural analysis. 54) The material catalog Changing the material of a part To change the material of a part: 1. Use the User attributes tab to view or modify the userdefined properties of materials. 3. Click Select.. Optional: Define what material information you want to see. 54) 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. you can select the material and grade from a tree that contains all the materials available in the material catalog. and thermal dilatation coefficient. this tab could contain the maximum grain size. select the Show aliases check box. See also Materials (p. porosity. For example. Click Apply or OK. or country-specific properties. Tekla Structures automatically translates aliases into the standard name when you select a material grade.Materials When you create or modify a part. Poisson’s ratio. To include aliases for material grades in the tree. 2. such as strengths.

In part and weld marks in Tekla Structures drawings. The following table gives some examples of what you can use attributes for: Attribute Comment Shorten Can be used. Attributes can consist of numbers.Colors You can change the color of some model objects by modifying their class in the part properties dialog box. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by this value. This is useful when creating assembly drawings of bracing bars that should always be under tension. When drawings of the parts are created. Camber TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 55 . or lists. In part marks in Tekla Structures drawings.. 133) User-defined attributes User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. or in projects. text. Class Color black 1 2 or 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 See also light gray or white red bright green blue cyan yellow magenta gray pink lime aqua lilac orange light blue Object representation settings (p.. You can also use the object representation settings to specify colors for defined object groups.

. Select the Part label check box. To save reaction forces for AutoDefaults... To protect objects from being accidentally changed. In the Display dialog box. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. You can change the names of these fields and add new user-defined fields. 217) Adding properties Part labels You can display selected part properties. Tension.Attribute Preliminary mark Locked Shear.4 Connection code Can be used. and template attributes in a model view by using part labels. 217) Showing part labels in a view (p.. Click Display. You can then use the connection codes as rules in AutoConnection and AutoDefaults. To obtain preliminary marks for parts in reports. 56) Showing part labels in a view To show part labels in a view: 1. 2. When importing information on connection types into Tekla Structures.. go to the Advanced tab. See also Part properties (p. 3.. See also Part properties (p. Each end of a part can have a different connection code. and Moment User field 1. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 4. user-defined attributes. User-defined fields. You can enter forces separately for each end of a part.

c Enter the attribute name and click OK. 6. 2. The points form the part reference line. a Select User-defined attribute in the Properties list. See also Define which part properties to display in part labels. 57) Showing part reference lines in model views (p. When you select a part. Select the part. Tekla Structures indicates the direction of a part with handles. You can use part reference lines to help snap to the middle points of parts. Click Modify. 57) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 57 . Select the handles. The handles also symbolize the part reference points. See also Moving a part using handles (p. 58) Part positioning tips (p.5. 3. 7. b Click Add to add the property to the Part label list. 56) 3. for example. 241) Moving a part using handles To move a part using the handles: 1. If Drag and Drop is switched on. Tekla Structures highlights the handles. Optional: Define which user-defined attribute or template attribute to display in part labels. the rest are magenta. See also Part position (p. The Part label dialog box appears.2 Part position When you create a part. The position of a part is always relative to its reference points. Move the part like any other object. b Click Add. you position it by picking points. Tekla Structures displays the handles. 58) Modifying the position of a part (p. a Select a property in the Properties list. Part labels (p. The handle of the first end point is yellow. just drag the part to a new position.

or Depth offset. 2. See also Click View > View Properties.Copying and moving objects Selecting handles Showing part reference lines in model views To see the part reference line in the model: 1. you can define the part to be positioned 200 units above its reference points. Click Modify. Part position (p. 57) Modifying the position of a part To modify the position of a part. For example. See also Position on the work plane (p. 3.. 59) 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .. On the Advanced tab. Plane offset.. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. modify the desired position settings. 3. Modify the settings.. To change the Angle. Click Display. • • • To change the overall position of the part. enter a value in the corresponding box. The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. 4. To change the rotation angle. Click and drag to select a position. use the round selection dial. 2. The object moves in the model accordingly. On the Position tab. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. to open the Display dialog box. 2. Hold down Shift to override this. do one of the following: To Modify part position in the part properties dialog box Do this 1. Modify part position using the Mini Toolbar 1. select the Part reference line check box. Click Modify and OK. Click in the Mini Toolbar.

64) Bending (p. 65) Position on the work plane When you define the position of a part on the work plane. 59) Position depth (p.Rotation (p. you have the following options: • • • Front Top Back TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 59 . To do this. 60) Vertical position (p. 63) Levels (p. type a distance in the field next to the On plane check box. 61) Horizontal position (p. 62) End offsets (p. Examples Position Middle Example Right Left Middle 200 Right 200 Left 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Rotation When you define the rotation of a part around its axis on the work plane. you have the following options: • • • Middle Right Left You can also define the distance of a part from its original reference line.

perpendicular to the work plane. Examples Position Front Example Top Back Below See also Modifying the position of a part (p. Tekla Structures measures positive values clockwise around the local x axis. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Front Behind Position Middle Example Front 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 58) Position depth When you define the position of a part in terms of its depth.• Below You can also define the angle of rotation.

relative to its reference point.Position Behind Example Middle 100 Front 100 Behind 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Down Up Position Middle Example Down Up TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 61 . 58) Vertical position When you define the vertical position of a part.

58) Horizontal position When you define the horizontal position of a part. relative to its reference point. you have the following options: • • • Examples Middle Left Right Position Middle Example Left Right Middle 100 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .Position Middle 100 Example Down 100 Up 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p.

relative to its reference line. You have the following options: Field Dx Dy Dz Examples Description Changes the length of the part by moving the part end point along the reference line. 58) End offsets You can use end offsets to move the ends of a part. Position Dx Example End point: 200 Dx End point: -200 Dy End point: 300 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 63 . Moves the part end perpendicular to the reference line.Position Left 100 Example Right 100 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. You can enter positive and negative values. Moves the part end in the z direction of the work plane.

the concrete columns form a two-story structure. you can enter the positions of the part ends. In this example. You have the following options: Option Bottom Top Example Description Use to define the position of the first end.Position Dy Example End point: -300 Dz End point: 400 Dz End point: -400 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 58) Levels For parts that you create by picking only one point (such as columns). not at the level you picked. relative to the picked point. in the global z direction Tekla Structures creates the part at the level that you defined in the part properties dialog box. To position the upper columns correctly. you must modify their bottom level position. 64 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Use to define the position of the second end.

the less angular the part appears.Top level = 1000. You can also define the plane of curvature. 58) Bending You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature. To have Tekla Structures draw a curved part. instead the number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks: the more segments. you need to specify the number of segments. Bottom level = 1200 Slab thickness = 200 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. which is relative to the current work plane. When you initiate a command that creates a curved part. Tekla Structures does not show curved surfaces exactly in views. you can define the radius in the part properties dialog box. Bottom level = 0 Top level = 1700. The options are: • • Examples XZ plane XY plane Number of segments: 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 65 . Alternatively. for example a curved beam. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick three points to define the radius.

66) Creating a steel beam (p. 69) Creating a twin profile (p. 3. 2. 68) Creating an orthogonal beam (p.Number of segments: 5 Number of segments: 15 See also Modifying the position of a part (p. 67) Creating a steel polybeam (p. See also Creating a steel column (p. 58) 3. 67) Creating a curved beam (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Column Properties dialog box. 70) Creating a steel column To create a steel column: 1.3 Steel parts This section explains how to create steel parts. 68) Creating a contour plate (p. Click the Create column icon. Optional: Modify the steel column properties. Pick the position of the column. 66 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures .

3. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. See also Steel column properties (p. See also Steel beam properties (p. Pick the starting point. You can also create bent plates with this command. if the upper and lower levels were switched when the column was copied and mirrored. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 218) Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 67 . 3. Click the Create beam icon. 2.Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. Pick the end point. 2. 64) Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. 4. 218) Levels (p. To create a steel polybeam: 1. Remember to change the part name to COLUMN. Click the Create polybeam icon.

Pick the starting point again. See also Polybeam chamfers (p. Click the Create contour plate icon. Optional: To create curved segments. Pick the end point (3).4. 2. 3. 218) Bending (p. Pick the starting point. 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 5. Pick the starting point (1). chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 4. To create a contour plate: 1. Optional: Modify the steel beam properties. 2. Click the Create curved beam icon. Double-click the end point. 4. 5. 65) Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate. 3. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. 5. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. 106) Steel beam properties (p. Pick a point on the arc (2). or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. See also Steel beam properties (p. the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape. 218) Polybeam length calculation Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. Optional: Modify the contour plate properties.

5.. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 2. 219) Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. Pick the position of the beam.See also Creating a round contour plate (p. 6. Click Modeling > Steel Parts > Orthogonal Beam. 219) Chamfers (p. 4. Optional: Modify the orthogonal beam properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 69 . 68) Contour plate properties (p.. 104) Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. Select the plate. Click Modify. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 3. from the list box. 3. 2. 69) Contour plate properties (p. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 7. Create a square contour plate with its sides equal to the diameter of the round plate you want to create. See also Creating a contour plate (p.

221) 3. 4. See also Twin profile properties (p. Optional: Modify the twin profile properties. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • Create single workshop welds or bolts. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. 220) Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. 2. 71) Adding objects to assemblies (p. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. By default. You can change the main part in an assembly. You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. See also Creating an assembly (p.See also Orthogonal beam properties (p. 73) Removing objects from an assembly (p. Pick the end point. 3. 75) 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts. To create a twin steel profile: 1. 75) Highlighting objects in an assembly (p. or by joining assemblies together. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile.4 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Pick the starting point.

2. 70) Creating a sub-assembly (p. 71) Using welds to create assemblies (p. 76) Assembly examples (p. 72) Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Bolt type Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are bolting as a sub-assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies (p. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 71) Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies.Exploding an assembly (p. Assemblies (p. 72) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 71 . The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. 70) Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. use the Connect part/assembly and Bolt type list boxes in the Bolt Properties dialog box. 2. 3. or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. 3. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. Creating an assembly (p. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. Assemblies (p. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. See also Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 76) Selecting assemblies and cast units Creating an assembly To create an assembly: 1.

The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly. When you connect assemblies. Pick the bolt group origin. 5. 72) 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 4. 3. select As sub-assembly. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly. 3. 2. 71) Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Connect part/ assembly As sub-assembly Workshop/Site Workshop or Site Result Nested assembly with the assembly you are welding as a sub-assembly. use the Connect part/assembly and Workshop/Site list boxes in the Weld Properties dialog box. select As sub-assembly. As secondary part See also Site No assembly created. See also Double-click the Create weld between parts icon to open the Weld Properties dialog box. Click Apply or OK. Using bolts to create assemblies (p. In the Connect part/assembly list box. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. 6. 70) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly (p. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. In the Connect part/assembly list box. You can create workshop welds and site welds. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. 6. Optional: Create a drawing to check that the weld marks look correct. 7. Assemblies (p. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. To control how Tekla Structures creates assemblies. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. Click Apply or OK. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. 2. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. 4. Using welds to create assemblies (p. 5. 72) Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1.

75) Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy.Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. 70) Assembly hierarchy (p. through the basic and sub-assemblies. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 73 . from single parts and bolts. To work with nested assemblies. 74) Creating a nested assembly (p. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. See also Assemblies (p. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. 75) Changing the main assembly (p. 74) Joining assemblies (p. 75) Changing the assembly main part (p. 73) Adding parts to an assembly (p. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.

etc. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. Select the assembly to add to. 3. Select the assembly to add to. They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Add to Assembly from the pop-up menu. 2. and still produce dimensions. See also Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as sub-assembly from the pop-up menu. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly. marks. 4. 73) Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. Adding objects to assemblies (p. fabrication information. 73) Selecting nested assemblies and components Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. Select the part you want to add. 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 4. for all assembly levels.Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports.

Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 2. 73) Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1. 4.See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 2. 70) Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. Tekla Structures changes the main part. You can change the main assembly at any time. Select the assemblies you want to join. See also Select the new main assembly. 2. 2. 73) Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Assemblies (p. Select the new main part. 2. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. See also Changing the main assembly (p. 3. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. See also Adding objects to assemblies (p. 75) Adding objects to assemblies (p. 3. c Select the assembly. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. 73) Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. See also Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. 73) Changing the assembly main part To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Adding objects to assemblies (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 75 .

main part Steel part . Do one of the following: • To explode the entire assembly. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. See also Assemblies (p. 2.Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. • To only explode the sub-assembly. 70) Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly. 70) Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Assemblies (p. right-click and select Assembly > Explode from the pop-up menu.main part Concrete . and then attached to the column in another workshop. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level. right-click and select Assembly > Explode SubAssembly from the pop-up menu. To explode an assembly: 1. You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. always starting from the highest level. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .secondary part Reinforcement Steel part .

Workshop 2 Drawing 1. 79) Creating a concrete polybeam (p. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. 70) Assembly drawing Built-up profile See also 3.Drawing 2. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed.5 Concrete parts This section explains how to create concrete parts. 78) Creating a concrete beam (p. Assemblies (p. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. 78) Creating a strip footing (p. 79) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 77 . In a frame of built-up columns and beams. 78) Creating a concrete column (p. See also Creating a pad footing (p.

Optional: To create curved segments. 3. 80) Creating a concrete panel (p. Click the Create concrete column icon. 2. 2. 5. See also Pad footing properties (p. 2.Creating a concrete slab (p. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level that you defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . Optional: Modify the pad footing properties. 223) Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. Pick the points you want the footing to go through. 4. Optional: Modify the strip footing properties. 3. chamfer the corners of the footing. See also Strip footing properties (p. Pick the position of the column. Click the Create pad footing icon. 3. Click the Create strip footing icon. Double-click the end point. 222) Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Pick the pad footing position. Optional: Modify the concrete column properties. 81) Creating a pad footing To create a pad footing: 1. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking.

chamfer the corners of the polybeam. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 79 . Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. 4. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking.See also Concrete column properties (p. Double-click the end point. See also Concrete beam properties (p. 3. Optional: To create curved segments. To create a concrete polybeam: 1. 2. 225) Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. Click the Create concrete polybeam icon. Click the Create concrete beam icon. 2. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command. 224) Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. 4. 3. Pick the end point. Optional: Modify the concrete beam properties. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Pick the starting point.

106) Concrete beam properties (p. Select the slab. 4.See also Polybeam chamfers (p. 3. the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. 4. 2. Create a square slab with sides equal to the diameter of the round slab you want to create. Double-click a handle to display the Chamfer Properties dialog box. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Select the round chamfer symbol Type the chamfer radius in the x field. 3. The corners of the slab can be chamfered. 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 7. from the list box. 225) Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. See also Creating a round slab (p. 6. Optional: Modify the concrete slab properties. Pick the starting point again. Click the Create concrete slab icon. Pick the corner points of the slab. 80) Concrete slab properties (p. Click Modify. 5. To create a concrete slab: 1. 5. 225) Polybeam length calculation Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab. Pick the starting point. Repeat steps 3–5 for each corner. 2.

104) 3. You can change the main part in a cast unit. See also Creating a cast unit (p. For example. 80) Concrete slab properties (p.6 Cast units The concrete structures in Tekla Structures are modeled as single parts. 82) Removing objects from a cast unit (p. Double-click the end point. For construction purposes you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit.See also Creating a concrete slab (p. By default. Cast units can include reinforcement. The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. 82) Adding objects to cast units (p. Optional: Modify the concrete panel properties. Pick the points you want the panel to go through. 225) Chamfers (p. as well as concrete parts. 4. a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. 5. each part is considered a separate cast unit. 83) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 81 . You need to specify which parts form the cast unit. Click the Create concrete panel icon. See also Concrete panel properties Chamfers (p. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. Optional: To create curved segments. 2. chamfer the corners of the panel. 3. 104) Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1.

2. 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Add to. See also Ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. 83) Exploding a cast unit (p.Highlighting objects in a cast unit (p. Click Modeling > Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly. such as steel parts and insulation. 84) Creating a cast unit To create a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Create. 3. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit (p. See also Cast units (p. 83) Defining the cast unit type (p. Select the non-concrete part you want to add. 2. 83) Casting direction (p. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. Optional: To check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. 82) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit To add concrete objects to a cast unit: 1. Right-click and select Set as New Main Part of Assembly from the pop-up menu. To add a non-concrete part to a cast unit: 1. 82) Adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit Use the Add as Sub-Assembly command when adding non-concrete objects to a cast unit. 81) Adding concrete objects to a cast unit (p. Cast units (p. 4. 2. This applies to anything that is not concrete. Select the objects you want to add. 3. 4. 2. click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. 81) Adding objects to cast units This section explains how to add objects to a cast unit. Adding objects to cast units (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part (p. 82) Changing the cast unit main part To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. 3. Select an object in the cast unit. Adding objects to cast units (p. 3. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the part. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the new main part.

Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit. Cast units (p. 2. Select the objects you want to remove. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Remove From.secondary part Reinforcement Steel part . Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Tekla Structures does not mix precast and cast-in-place parts inside a cast unit.main part Concrete . 2. 81) Defining the cast unit type Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the cast unit main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. 3. Go to the Cast unit tab. Cast units (p. See also Click Modeling > Cast Unit > Explode. 2. select Precast or Cast in place. Click Modify to save the changes. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . 81) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures 83 . 82) Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1. See also Double-click a concrete part to open the concrete part properties dialog box. In the Cast unit type list box.secondary part See also Highlight color magenta cyan blue orange yellow Cast units (p. 4. 81) Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. 2.See also Adding objects to cast units (p.main part Steel part . To define whether a concrete part is precast or cast in place: 1. 81) Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. Cast units (p. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode.

use the Fixed coordinate system to show the top-in-form face in the front view. 84) Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: In drawings. 2. 84) 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Creating and Modifying Structures . 81) Defining the casting direction of a part (p. Casting direction (p. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Set Top in Form Face. See also Casting direction (p. 2. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form.Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part. Select a concrete part. 84) Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1. you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. To hide the top-in-form face again. 3. right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. Right-click and select Cast Unit > Show Top in Form Face. See also Select a concrete part. See also Cast units (p.

1 Bolts To create bolts. Contents • • • • • • • Bolts (p. 89) Welds (p. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups. 117) 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 85 . 95) Fine-tuning part shape (p.4 Detailing Structures This section explains how to create details using Tekla Structures. 85) Holes (p. 104) Combining parts (p. 91) Surface treatment (p. 116) Splitting parts (p. It also gives you some techniques for fine-tuning part shapes.

which is the bolt group origin. 88) The bolt and bolt assembly catalogs Creating a bolt group To create a bolt group: 1. as shown in the table below: 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 88) Changing or adding bolted parts (p. See also Apply a component. washers. You can also create a new bolt group by modifying an existing one. 85) Bolt properties (p. Select the main part. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. Optional: Modify the bolt properties. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 2.For more information on using components to automatically create bolt groups. 3. to which the secondary parts will be bolted. In most cases it is easier to create bolt groups by applying a component that includes bolt groups. You cannot use bolt elements (such as screws. Click Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts. as Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Modify the bolt group. Explode the component. 227) Bolt group shape (p. 7. and nuts) while creating holes. 86) Bolt group position (p. see Defining bolts and welds in the Detailing Manual. To create new bolts by modifying an existing bolt group: 1. Select the secondary parts. 4. 3. Pick a point. 6. 88) Bolt group shape You have the following options for bolt group shape: • • • Array for rectangular Circle for circular xy list for any shape Tekla Structures uses the values of the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields to determine how many bolts the bolt group contains. 87) Bolt offsets (p. 2. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. Bolts (p. 5. 86) Creating a single bolt (p. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction.

Bolt dist Y Spacing between bolts. x coordinate of each bolt. Examples Bolt group shape Array Dimensions Bolt dist X: 150 Bolt dist Y: 100 Picture Circle Number of bolts: 6 Diameter: 100 xy list Bolt dist X: 75 175 250 Bolt dist Y: 75 -50 0 See also Creating a bolt group (p. in the y direction of the bolt group. from the bolt group point of origin.Shape Array Circle xy list Bolt dist X Spacing between bolts. from the bolt group point of origin. 86) Bolt group position Tekla Structures determines the location of the bolt group using the following values: • • Bolt group x axis Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 87 . Number of bolts. y coordinate of each bolt. in the x direction of the bolt group. Diameter of the bolt group.

Tekla Structures sets the x direction of a bolt group using the second point picked. relative to the bolt group x axis.Dimensions are relative to the bolt group origin. type 0. Offsets move the bolt group by moving the x axis of the bolt group. Bolts (p. Under Bolt group. The end point values move the second end of the bolt group. which is the first point you pick when creating a bolt group. An example bolt group with the Dx starting point set to 75: See also Creating a bolt group (p. Click Apply to save the changes. 86) Bolt offsets You can use offsets to change the position of the bolt group. • • • Example A positive Dx value moves the starting point towards the end point. Dy and Dz move the first end of the bolt group. 227) Creating a bolt group (p. In the Bolt dist X and Bolt dist Y fields. 2. select Array from the Shape list box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. The starting point values Dx. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. 5. Dz moves the end point perpendicular to the current work plane. 86) Changing or adding bolted parts To change the parts a bolt group connects to: 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 86) Creating a single bolt To create a single bolt: 1. See also Creating a bolt group (p. 3. 4. Create the bolt the same way you would create a bolt group. Dy moves the end point perpendicular to the bolt group x axis on the current work plane. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. 85) Bolt properties (p.

89) Creating a bolt group (p. Click Detailing > Bolts > Edit Bolted Parts. 2. 85) 4. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. See also Bolts (p. 5. Optional: Modify the hole properties. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes: You can create the following types of holes: • • • • See also Round Oversized Slotted Tapped Creating round holes (p. 86) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 89 . If you do not want to create any bolts. Click Apply to save the changes. reselect the main and secondary parts. To create round holes: 1. 3. 4. 89) Creating oversized holes (p.2 Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Follow the instructions on the status bar. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Holes (p.1. 90) Creating round holes Tekla Structures calculates the diameter of a round hole as the sum of Bolt size and Tolerance. 2. Tekla Structures automatically updates bolt length to suit these changes. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Before creating holes. 90) Creating slotted holes (p. When prompted.

if you select the second check box from the head of the bolt. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Tekla Structures slots the second piece of steel from the head of the bolt. Optional: In the Rotate slots list box. For example. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. Crossing slotted holes to odd or even parts Parallel slotted holes 7. Follow the instructions on the status bar. 4. 3. See also Click Apply to save the changes. Holes (p. select Slotted. 8. 2. Tekla Structures counts the pieces of steel from the head of the bolt down. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. In the Hole type list box. select Even or Odd to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees.Creating slotted holes To create slotted holes: 1. select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Enter the allowance for the slotted hole in the x and y directions of the hole group using the Slotted hole X or Slotted hole Y fields. Tolerance Slotted hole X or Y Bolt size 6. To indicate which parts should be slotted. If you do not want to create any bolts. 5. 86) Creating oversized holes To create oversized holes: 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .

6. or use a component that automatically creates welds. 5. 93) Creating a weld to a part (p. Polygon weld You define the exact position of the weld by picking the points you want the weld to traverse. The following types of welds can be created manually: • Weld between parts Tekla Structures welds two parts together using the weld position defined in the Weld Properties dialog box. 4. 2. Select the part to weld to. 3. Select the part to be welded. 86) 4. enter the allowance for the oversized hole. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld between Parts. Click Apply to save the changes.3 Welds You can either create a weld manually. Holes (p. 7. 4. Single-part weld Tekla Structures creates a weld to a single part. • • See also Creating a weld between parts (p. If you are creating a workshop weld. If you do not want to create any bolts. without connecting any other parts. select Oversized. Follow the instructions on the status bar. Select the desired Parts with slotted holes check boxes to indicate which plies of the connection get oversized holes. In the Oversize field. 89) Creating a bolt group (p. this is the main part of the assembly. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 2. See also Double-click the Create bolts icon to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. If you are creating a workshop weld. In the Hole type list box. 94) Weld preparation (p. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Create the holes the same way you would create a bolt group. You can also use a negative value to create smaller (tapped) holes. 94) Creating a weld between parts To weld parts together: 1. Optional: Modify the weld properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 91 . The length of the weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts.1. 91) Creating a polygon weld (p. 3.

91) 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures places the weld relative to the center point of the secondary part. 72) Weld position You define the position of a weld relative to the work plane. 92) Weld size prefixes (p. or z). Example The following image shows welds in different positions. y. Tekla Structures creates the weld on the face or side of the part that faces in the selected direction (x. 229) Weld position (p. 93) Using welds to create assemblies (p.Main part Secondary part See also Welds (p. The options for weld position are: • • • x y z These can all be in a positive or negative direction. 91) Weld properties (p. See also Creating a weld between parts (p. If there are no faces that touch in the specified direction. The type and position of the parts to be welded affect the position of the weld.

The following table describes the standard ISO 2553 prefixes: Prefix a s z Description Design throat thickness Penetration throat thickness Leg length See also Creating a weld between parts (p. Select the part to weld to. 3. Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. this is the main part of the assembly. pick the points you want the weld to go through. If you are creating a workshop weld. Pick the starting and end point. 5. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 93 . 4. this is the secondary part of the assembly. 91) Creating a polygon weld To weld parts together using a polygon: 1. Select the part to be welded. but only if the Size checkbox is also selected.Weld size prefixes The weld size prefix is shown in drawings. 2. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Polygon Weld. If you are creating a workshop weld. or alternatively.

Click the middle mouse button to create the weld. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. or apply a component that does it automatically. 3. without connecting any other parts: 1. 2. You can define the angle of bevels and grooves. Use the Create Weld to Part command to weld seams in tubular sections: To model tubular sections with visible seams. Pick the starting and end point. pick the points you want the weld to go through. 4. Select the part that you want to cut. To manually prepare a part to be welded: 1. Example Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld to Part. 91) Weld preparation When parts are prepared for welding. 91) Using welds to create assemblies (p. To prevent automatic weld preparation. 91) Manually preparing a part for welding (p. You can either prepare a part for welding manually. use the SPD profile. 2. set the variable XS_DISABLE_WELD_PREP_SOLID to TRUE in your environment initialization file.See also Welds (p. 94) Welded connections Manually preparing a part for welding Before you start. See also Welds (p. 72) Creating a weld to a part To create a weld to a part. 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . or alternatively. Click Detailing > Weld > Prepare Part for Welding. Select the part that you want to weld. See also Welds (p. their edges can be beveled to produce a groove for the weld.

94) 4. for example. Tekla Structures automatically modifies the surface treatment to fit the part.g. When you redefine the properties of a part (e. and tiles. When you create overlapping surface treatments. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. you change the size of a part). Select the cutting part. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 95 . The overlapping area is recognized in reports: only the topmost (visible) surface treatment is calculated. surface mixes. Surface treatment for concrete parts include flat finishes.4 Surface treatment Use the surface treatment tools to add surface treatment to parts.3. the smaller surface treatment overrides the larger one. The part to be cut The cutting part Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines See also Weld preparation (p.

In the At depth list box. 99) Tiled surface treatment (p.. 5. select the location of the surface treatment. Set the Color to use to display the surface treatment in rendered views. c The Definition table lists the properties of the pattern type. and Behind. to select a material from the catalog. See also Surface treatment (p. 98) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses (p. See also Surface treatment (p. 4. Optional: To define the properties of a tiled surface treatment: a On the Attributes tab. select the specific surface treatment. 96) Adding surface treatment to parts (p. select the type of surface treatment to use.See also Modifying surface treatment properties (p. b On the Pattern tab. 7. 8.. 98) 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Enter the Thickness of the surface treatment. 95) Adding surface treatment to a selected area (p.. Click Apply or OK to save the surface treatment properties. select the pattern from the Pattern type list box. In the Surface treatment name list box. Front. 9. select Tile surface from the Type list box. In the Type list box. to open the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 6. 96) Creating new surface treatment options (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to cut faces (p. 97) Adding surface treatment to a part face (p. The options are Middle. 100) Modifying surface treatment properties To define the properties of a surface treatment: 1. Click the Select.. 3. 97) Surface treatment on chamfered parts (p. 95) Adding surface treatment to parts This section explains how to add surface treatment to a part. Click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 97) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part (p. 2.

Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. and then select either To Part Face or To Selected Area on Part Face. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment. 2. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. b Select the part face. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4. Select the cut face to apply the surface treatment to: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 97 . Pick the direction. 2. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Part Face. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. b Select the part face. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 96) Adding surface treatment to all faces of a part To add surface treatment to all faces of a part: 1. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 4. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p.Adding surface treatment to a selected area To add surface treatment to a selected area on the face of a part: 1. 3. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 3. See also Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To All Faces of Part. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. 96) Adding surface treatment to a part face To add surface treatment to the entire face of a part: 1. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. 96) Adding surface treatment to cut faces To add surface treatment to cut faces: 1. Select the part to apply the surface treatment to. 2. Select an area of the part face to apply the surface treatment to. 4. 3.

96) Surface treatment on parts with openings and recesses To force Tekla Structures to consider openings and recesses in parts when adding surface treatment. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p. the surface treatment chamfer cannot be modified later on. select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. pick the points to define the area of the surface treatment. Modifying the main part chamfer does not affect the surface treatment chamfer. you must swap the chamfer's x and y values.5. The orientation of unsymmetric chamfers depends on the face where it was created (such as top. See also If you are using the To Selected Area on Part Face command. left. bottom. Add surface treatment before chamfering the part. Adding surface treatment to parts (p. If surface treatment is applied to a chamfered part. or right). 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . To change the orientation of an unsymmetric chamfer. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. 96) Surface treatment on chamfered parts Take these things into account when adding surface treatment to chamfered parts: • • • • Surface treatment does not work on sketched profiles with chamfers. The chamfers for the main part and surface treatment are separate.

You can add new options to the Surface treatment name list box in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. 96) Modifying surface treatment properties (p. See also Adding surface treatment to parts (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. The first section of the file defines the available types of surface treatment.dat file using any text editor. If you use the To All Faces of Part command and select the Cut by father part cuts checkbox.The green surface treatment has the Cut by father part cuts check box selected The tiled surface treatment is not cut by the cut in the part: Cut by father part cuts is not selected. 96) Creating new surface treatment options This section is for advanced users. Open the product_finishes. Tekla Structures automatically adds surface treatment also to the cut faces. To create new surface treatment options: 1. Do not edit this section: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 99 . The file is located in the ..

For example. such as basketweave and herringbone patterns. 101) Creating new tile patterns To create new tile patterns: 1. Remember to enclose the name in double quotes " ". Surface treatment (p. 100) Example pattern definition (p. The file is located in the .\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system folder. Magnesium Float.xml file using any text editor. c Define the full name of the surface treatment option. 95) Tiled surface treatment This section is for advanced users. 95) Creating new tile patterns (p. Tiled surface treatment options are based on repeating tile patterns that are stored in XML format. // // // // // 1 1 1 Go to the sections that define the options for each type of surface treatment: ========================================= *** Concrete Finish ========================================= WET FINISH ---------MF "Magnesium Float" SMF "Smooth Magnesium Float" WT "Wet Trowel" 3. 2. 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Tekla Structures includes complex tile and brick surface treatment options. MF for Magnesium Float. See also Add rows to define new options.// Product finishes // ------------------------// // Type : Type of surfacing // 1 = concrete finish // 2 = special mix // 3 = tile surface // 4 = steel finishes 2. For example. Open the TilePatternCatalog.. 1 for concrete finish. See also Surface treatment (p. 4. a Define the surface treatment type. Add a new <TilePattern> element to the file. For example. Save the file. b Define a code for the surface treatment option.

101) Tile pattern definitions (p. Tiled surface treatment (p. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. and then modify it to suit your needs. Angle value for vertical tiles is 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 101 . Save the TilePatternCatalog.The <TilePattern> element must have <HOffset> and <VOffset> elements and at least one <Tile> element. 3.xml file. You may find it easier to copy one of the existing elements. 104) Example pattern definition This example explains how the Basketweave tile pattern is defined in the TilePatternCatalog. The Basketweave pattern block is made up of eight tiles: Tile width Mortar width VOffset HOffset Red marks indicate TileOrigin.xml file. Other elements are optional. 4. 100) Example pattern definition (p. See also Repeat adding <TilePattern> elements for all the patterns you want to define.

xml file. starting from the origin of the surface treatment. You can run the pattern in different x directions: In the TilePatternCatalog. the pattern is defined as follows: 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures .Tile height Mortar height The pattern is repeated in the x and y direction of the surface treatment.

after which the pattern repeats The size of the pattern block in the y direction. after which the pattern repeats The definition file uses the same symbols as the pattern definition table in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box: See also Creating new tile patterns (p.xml Description • • • • Contains the tile pattern definitions..\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.dtd Thumbnail images • • • See also Tiled surface treatment (p. 103) Tile pattern elements (p. Document Type Declaration (DTD) file that defines the elements allowed in the TilePatternCatalog.xml file. 104) Tile pattern definitions The predefined tile patterns that are available in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box are stored in the following files: File TilePatternCatalog. The images that appear in the Picture field in the Surface Treatment Properties dialog box. For example. Located in the .xml file.The name of the pattern The size of the pattern block in the x direction. Located in the . herringbone. Located in the same folder as the TilePatternCatalog.bmp illustrates the herringbone pattern type.. 100) Tile pattern definitions (p.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments \<environment>\system folder. TilePatternCatalog. Filenames identify the pattern types. 100) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 103 .

defined from the origin of the pattern. Color of the tile or mortar. 109) Modifying the shape of a polygon (p. Required.xml file can contain the following elements: Element TilePatternCatalog TilePattern HOffset VOffset Tile Color Parameter Label TileOrigin Description The container for tile patterns. steel and concrete polybeams. In Tekla Structures. defined by the RGB values (0– 255). Required. Optional. 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . 115) Combining parts (p. 116) Splitting parts (p. See also Tiled surface treatment (p. and parts that you create by picking more than two points (strip footings. 113) Cambering parts (p. 108) Cuts (p. This element can contain the following elements listed in this table. Required. Limitations Only the following parts have corner chamfers: contour plates. you can chamfer part corners and part edges. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 100) 4. 104) Fittings (p. 117) Chamfers Chamfers are modeling details that can be used to refine the shape of parts for aesthetic. Horizontal offset of the tile pattern. Required. and concrete panels). Optional. The label that identifies a parameter in the dialog box. Vertical offset of the tile pattern. 112) Warping concrete parts (p.Tile pattern elements The TilePatternCatalog.5 Fine-tuning part shape This section describes the various tools you can use to fine-tune the shape of a part. At least one required. concrete slabs. The origin of an individual tile. Tile pattern element. Optional. practical. Creates an attribute for any element in the TilePattern. The individual tiles used in a tile pattern. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. Optional. See also Chamfers (p. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. and manufacturing reasons.

105) Chamfering part edges (p. 105) Polybeam chamfers (p. The table below describes the chamfer types and dimensions used with the Create Chamfer > For Part Corner command. To modify a corner chamfer: 1. See also Select the part. 104) Chamfering part corners (p. Select the handles of the part corners you want to modify. Tekla Structures only uses one dimension for curved chamfers. 104) Corner chamfer properties (p. 106) Corner chamfer types and dimensions Straight chamfers can have different dimensions in two directions. 232) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p.See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. The coordinates follow the part’s local coordinate system. The Chamfer Properties dialog box is displayed. 4. Chamfers (p. Double-click the handle of any part corner. You can modify the default chamfers. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. 3. which does not change the geometry of the part. 2. 107) Chamfering part corners When Tekla Structures creates a part. Click Modify. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 105 . Modify the chamfer properties. 5.

x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line and arc x (if smaller than y): the arc radius x (if bigger than y): the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y (if smaller than x): the arc radius y (if bigger than x): the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner See also Chamfering part corners (p. Tekla Structures places a rectangular corner chamfer between each polybeam segment.Type None Icon Dimensions x: not used y: not used x:the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Line Rounding x: the radius y: not used x: the radius y: not used x: not used y: not used The chamfer is perpendicular to the edges. Tekla Structures shows the status of polybeam chamfers using the following colors: 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . You can modify the default chamfers. x: the distance in the x coordinate direction from the corner y: the distance in the y coordinate direction from the corner Arc Arc point Square Square parallel The chamfer is parallel to the opposite edge. 105) Polybeam chamfers By default.

Select the part you want to chamfer. a Double-click the chamfer to open the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box. Optional: Modify the chamfer. 4. 2. Pick a point where you want the chamfer to start on the part edge. See also Chamfering part corners (p. b Modify the chamfer properties. 105) Chamfering part edges To chamfer the edge of a part: 1. 3. Click Detailing > Create Chamfer > For Part Edge. 5. Tekla Structures displays the chamfer in light blue color. Pick a second point where you want the chamfer to end on the part edge.Color Magenta Description Correct chamfer Example Yellow Correct chamfer that cannot be unfolded Red Incorrect chamfer To see the chamfer lines of polybeams. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 107 . set the advanced option XS_DRAW_CHAMFERS_HANDLES to CHAMFERS.

2. c Click OK. Fitting symbol See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. Pick the first point of the cutting line. 232) Chamfers (p. which passes through the cutting line you pick.6. Select the part you want to cut with a fitting. Click Detailing > Fit Part End. See also Edge chamfer properties (p. Tekla Structures removes the chamfered edge. Do not use fittings to otherwise change the length of a part in the model. and so on. 4. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Right-click the view and select Redraw View. 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . Fittings cannot be used on contour plates. You can use fittings to extend or shorten parts inside a component. 104) Fittings You can fit the end of a part to a plane by creating a straight cutting line between two points you pick. 3. perpendicular to the view plane. 108) Creating a fitting To create a fitting: 1. A fitting adjusts the end of a beam on a plane. which makes it easier to create connections. 104) Creating a fitting (p. details.

112) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. use the Cut Part commands instead. 111) Cutting parts with a polygon (p. In situations like this. 111) Cutting parts with another part (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. Do not use cuts for cutting the entire part end. See also Cutting parts with a line (p. See also Cutting parts with a line (p.Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. 108) Cuts You can use cuts to shape a part. line cuts do not affect beam length in NC files. For more information on how to change this. Tekla Structures displays the cut line using dash-and-dot lines. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. You must create cuts in a plane view. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden By default. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dashand-dot lines. see Fittings affect NC data. See also Fittings (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 109 . 240) Line cuts A line cut cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through the line you pick. 111) Polygon cuts A polygon cut cuts a part using a polygonal shape.

See also Cutting parts with a polygon (p. 111) Part cuts You can cut a part using another part. If the edge of a cutting polygon is in exactly the same position as the edge of the part to be cut. when you want to create more sophisticated cut shapes.Polygon-shaped cut Cut lines are hidden You should always define the polygon so that there is some tolerance between the edges. You can cut parts that already have cuts. This can be useful. Tekla Structures displays the cut using dash-and-dot lines. for example. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . it can be unclear whether the edge should be cut away.

See also Cutting parts with another part (p. Pick the second point of the cutting line. For example. if you are creating a polygonal cut on the yz plane. 109) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 111 . 112) Cutting parts with a line Use line cuts to shape the end of a beam or column. 109) Polygon cuts (p. 2. To close the polygon. Ensure that the work plane is on the plane you are cutting on. Pick the side you want to remove. 5. Select the part you want to cut. 4. 2. 109) Cutting parts with a polygon To cut a part using a polygonal shape: 1. See also Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line.Cuts are displayed using dash-and-dot lines Cut lines are hidden Do not create cuts with the same planes or vertices. Cuts (p. Pick the first point of the cutting line. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for cutting. 4. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon. This makes it unclear what should be cut away. 109) Line cuts (p. you should temporarily set your work plane to the yz plane as well. click the middle mouse button or click Edit > Finish Polygon Input. 3. 5. Select the part you want to cut. See also Cuts (p. To cut a part with a line: 1. 3.

concrete slabs. Select the cutting part. Click Detailing > Modify Polygon Shape. Pick another existing corner (4). Delete the cutting part. 4. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1. 110) Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams. Pick an existing corner (1). To cut a part with another part: 1. Select the part you want to modify. concrete panels. 2. Tekla Structures cuts the selected main part. and strip footings. 3. The part cut does not affect other parts. 3. See also Cuts (p. Pick new corners for the polygon (2. Pick the corner to remove (5). 3).Cutting parts with another part Before you start. 5. See also Moving an object Moving an object using drag-and-drop Part position (p. b Select the cutting part and press Delete. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part Select the part you want to cut. 2. 6. move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command. 109) Part cuts (p. contour plates. create a cutting part and position it through the part you want to cut. Alternatively. 57) 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . a Ensure that the Select cuts and fittings selection switch is off. 4.

To move the lower corner of the chamfer. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab (p. • To move the upper corner of the chamfer. enter the angle of the beam at its start point. Click OK to close the dialog box. to warp the beam 45 degrees at the end point. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers Before you start. 113) Warping a concrete slab by moving chamfers (p. To warp a concrete slab by moving the chamfers: 1. Double-click the beam to open the Beam properties dialog box. enter the angle of the beam at its end point.Warping concrete parts Use the following methods to warp concrete parts: To Warp a concrete beam Warp a concrete slab See also Do this Use the deforming options in the part properties dialog box. • 3. Move the chamfers. relative to the part reference line. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 113 . Fine-tuning part shape (p. use the dz2 field. relative to the part reference line. 3. Click Modify to warp the slab. Modify the chamfer properties. Click Modify to warp the beam. Go to the Deforming tab. 114) Warping a beam using deformation angles To warp a beam: 1. For example. In the Start field. 2. See also Warping concrete parts (p. 2. 104) Warping a beam using deformation angles (p. 5. type 0 in the Start angle field and 45 in the End angle field. Double-click a chamfer to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. use the dz1 field. create a concrete slab by using the Create concrete slab command. 6. In the End field. 4.

To warp a Floor Bay (66) slab by moving chamfers: 1. For example. Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu to finish. • The End field shows the warping angle at the end point of the part. which warps the slabs. select the corner point of a slab component to warp that end of the slab: 3. and go to the Deforming tab. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select components selection switch is on. double-click a slab to open the Beam properties dialog box. 6. See also Warping concrete parts (p. 4. 8. Tekla Structures moves the point in the direction you selected.4. 114 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . For example. Ensure that the Select objects in components selection switch is on. create a concrete slab by using the Modeling of floor bay (66) component. Click OK to close the dialog box. type 100 in the dZ field to lift that corner up 100 mm. • The Start field shows the warping angle at the start point of the part. 5. 2. Click Move. type a value in the appropriate direction field. 113) Warping a Floor Bay (66) slab Before you start. In the Move . Select the chamfer you want to move. 7. To see the warping angle of a single slab.Linear dialog box.

Shortening affects the dimensions of the part and dimensions to objects inside the part. 115) Shortening and lengthening parts Use the shortening functionality to make the drawing of a part longer or shorter than the part in the model. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. In the Cambering field. define the degree of camber. and embeds in the model. Click Modify. 4. 115) Cambering a part To camber a part: 1. Go to the Deforming tab. Cambering parts (p. including the template output. in other words. When drawings are created. 2. where the part actually shrinks a fraction of an inch after casting and after the strands are cut. 113) Cambering parts You can use cambering to pre-camber parts. Use cambering to show the natural camber of a prestressed part in a model. skews. Tekla Structures decreases the true length of the part by the value defined in the Shortening field. The cambering functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. Shortening is applied linearly along the length in drawings.See also Warping concrete parts (p. The most common use for this is to account for prestressing elastic shortening. Shortening does not affect the geometry of the actual objects inside the part. 104) Cambering a part (p. This can be useful for adding length to concrete precast parts in the cast condition while the model stays in the erected state. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 115 . 3. Cambering affects the position of cuts. to curve long heavy sections that will settle on site and become flat. Tekla Structures cambers parts in the local z direction.

Click Modify. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts (such as folded plates) that are otherwise difficult to model. In the Shortening field. the part properties of the part that is selected first are used for the combined part. For example. To lengthen a part in drawings: 1. 2. Go to the Deforming tab. See also Combining two parts into one (p. You can add the new combined part to another combined part. See also Shortening and lengthening parts (p. 116) Shortening a part in drawings To shorten a part in drawings: 1. -20 would result in a part that is cast 20 units longer than the part in the model. define the degree of shortening. 115) Lengthening a part in drawings To have a concrete part lengthened in cast unit drawings. 4. 3. 2. Cuts and fittings can also be applied to combined parts. Go to the Deforming tab. enter a negative value. In the Shortening field. 115) 4. When you select the parts you want to combine.6 Combining parts You can combine existing parts in Tekla Structures. 4. 116) Attaching a part to another part (p. 117) Combining two parts into one To combine two parts into one: 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. you must enter a negative value for shortening in the part properties dialog box. 3. or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles. See also Fine-tuning part shape (p. 104) Shortening a part in drawings (p. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Click Modify.The shortening functionality is available only in the Full and Precast Concrete Detailing configurations. 116) Lengthening a part in drawings (p. Shortening and lengthening parts (p.

2. See also Click Detailing > Attach Part. Select the part to attach to. 116) 4.1. 116) Attaching a part to another part To attach a part to another part: 1. You can use splitting with straight parts. See also Combining parts (p. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. 2. Click Edit > Combine. If the centerlines of the part are not in line with each other. Select the part you want to attach. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. 3. Combining does not work for contour plates or polybeams. Select the first part. curved beams without offsets. You cannot split polybeams. Select the second part.7 Splitting parts You can split a part into two parts in Tekla Structures. Combining parts (p. the centerlines are combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. When you combine parts. Tekla Structures retains the attached objects and connections. 3. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures 117 .

and on the same side of the part. See also Splitting parts (p. Select the part you want to split. Pick a point for the dividing line. make sure the starting and end points are: • • outside of the part. 2. 4. Click Edit > Split. check the result after splitting. 3. When you pick the corner points of the polygon to be used for splitting. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. 118) Splitting a plate or slab (p. See also Click Edit > Split. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part.See also Splitting a straight or curved part (p. Select the part you want to split. 117) 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Detailing Structures . welds or surface treatments. If you split contour plates that have bolts. 2. 118) Splitting a straight or curved part To split a straight or curved part: 1. Splitting parts (p. 3. 117) Splitting a plate or slab To split a plate or slab by using a polygon: 1.

or a combination of both. or pull out for a wider view. 121) Moving the model (p. 119) Rotating the model (p. 122) Flying through the model (p. 124) Zooming the model The commands on the View > Zoom menu allow you to focus in on a particular area. 126) Showing and hiding objects (p. 135) Checking the model (p. you can move and rotate the model. Scroll forward to zoom in. 128) Visualizing project status (p.1 Viewing the model To see your Tekla Structures model from virtually any angle. 142) 5. You can use a mouse. keyboard shortcuts. 124) Creating a screenshot (p. See also Zooming the model (p.5 Examining the Model This section describes a variety of tools you can use to view your model and ensure it does not contain errors Contents • • • • • Viewing the model (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 119 . and backward to zoom out. 123) Creating a clip plane (p. 119) Inquiring the model (p. To zoom in or out in a model: • Scroll with the mouse wheel.

Zooming the model (p. press Page Up. use the commands on the View > Zoom menu to zoom in or out in the model. select Wire frame. 120) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts (p. Place the mouse pointer over the model. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 120) Zooming with Magnifier (p. 2. 119) Modifying the zoom settings (p. do any of the following: To Keep the center point of the view in the middle of the view window Define the zoom ratio when using a 3-button mouse Define the zoom ratio when scrolling Do this Click Tools > Options > Centered Zooms. the mouse pointer position determines the center point of zooming. Open a wire frame view of the model. Define the zoom ratio when scrolling and holding down the wheel See also Zooming the model (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. For more information on each command. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_SCROLL_MO DE. To zoom by using Magnifier: 1. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO_IN_MOUSEWHEE L_MODE. Magnifier works only in wire frame views. b In the View type list box. 2. Use the advanced option XS_ZOOM_STEP_RATIO. See also Viewing the model (p. Do one of the following: • To zoom in. a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. 119) Zooming with Magnifier The Magnifier tool is useful when you need to keep a general view of the model open. c Click Modify. Create a zoom window. • See also To zoom out. press Page Down. If this option is off. 120) Modifying the zoom settings To modify zoom settings. 119) Zooming with keyboard shortcuts To zoom by using keyboard shortcuts: 1. d Click View > Zoom > Create Zoom Window.If you do not have a wheel mouse. and examine particular areas in detail at the same time.

Click a starting corner for the zoom window. or a combination of these techniques to rotate the model in rendered views. See also Zooming the model (p.e 3. As you move the pointer in the general view. To rotate the model. the zoom window displays the area around the pointer in detail. use any of the following methods: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 121 . To change the level of magnification. only menu commands and keyboard shortcuts can be used to rotate the model. zoom in and out in the zoom window. and then drag the pointer to size the window. keyboard shortcuts. menu commands. In wire frame views. 4. 119) Rotating the model You can use the mouse. Click the Magnifier icon.

2. Press Ctrl + R. See also Rotation settings (p. For more information on each command. and then pick a position in the view. use any of the following methods: 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 3. press v. Rotate using the left mouse button 1. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 2. Define a specific rotation angle 1. Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. The center of rotation is fixed in the center of the work area. Click and drag with the left mouse button to rotate the model. 3. 119) Moving the model To move the entire model. The rotation center is automatically set at the location you clicked. Pick a position in the view. To relocate the center of rotation. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Hold down the Ctrl key and click and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. Click Modify. 213) Viewing the model (p. Click View > Rotate and select one of the commands. Type a rotation angle in the Rotation around Z or Rotation around X field. 2.To Rotate using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Tekla Structures rotates the model around this view point. you can temporarily activate it by holding down Ctrl + Shift while you click and drag with the middle mouse button. Rotate using menu commands or keyboard shortcuts • Automatically set the rotation center 1. Click Tools > Options > Automatic Rotation Center to switch on automatic rotation centering. Tip: When Automatic Rotation Center is switched off.

a Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse anywhere within the view window. select Perspective. > Model View.. The flying speed grows exponentially when you are approaching the model from a distance. The arrow indicates the current flying direction. To stop panning. c Click OK. 2. 119) Flying through the model Using the Fly command. changing direction and varying the speed as you go. b Modify the advanced option XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW. press Esc. The mouse pointer changes to a hand.To Move the model using the middle mouse button Do this 1. Optional: Adjust the field of view setting. You can also adjust the field of view setting. down. 4. • • To move up or down. A checkmark appears next to the menu option if the middle button pan is already active. Move the model using keyboard shortcuts or menu commands Do one of the following: • • See also Viewing the model (p. Click View > Move and then select one of the commands. Press P or click View > Move > Pan to activate dynamic panning. drag the mouse in the desired direction. scroll with the mouse wheel. 2. hold down Ctrl and drag the mouse forward or backward. To change the camera angle. Move the model using the Pan command 1. b In the Projection list box. Use the up. 5. Select a view. a Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. To fly through a model: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 123 . Drag the mouse to move around in the model. which can be useful when flying in a tight space. Hold down the middle mouse button and drag the model anywhere within the view window. • To change the flying direction. 2. To activate the middle button pan.. 3. The mouse pointer changes into an arrow and a cross. Click View > Fly. left and right arrows on the keyboard. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. or Shift+M. c Click Modify. you can travel through a model. 3. Set view projection to Perspective.

. To finish creating clip planes. XS_RENDERED_FIELD_OF_VIEW Viewing the model (p.• 6. 119) Creating a screenshot A screenshot is a picture of a dialog box. 4. Click View > Create Clip Plane. To move a clip plane. 5. To create a high resolution screenshot of a rendered view: 1. or other material to show projects carried out using Tekla Structures. 6. 119) Creating a clip plane Clip planes enable you to focus in on the required detail in the model. Repeat step 2 to create as many clip planes as needed. The clip plane symbol appears in the model: 3. To stop flying. press Esc. or the entire Tekla Structures window. To create a clip plane: 1. 124 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .. See also To fly in the in the direction of the camera angle. Viewing the model (p. 2. 2. hold down Shift and scroll forward or backward. press Esc. Ensure that the view type is set to Rendered. Select a plane. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom. You can use screenshots in posters. You can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. See also To delete a clip plane. click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. view. click the clip plane symbol and press Delete. brochures.

select View. 125) Screenshot settings (p. select Rendered view.. screenshots are created as Portable Network Graphics (. You can also save a screenshot in bitmap (. 4. 5. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format By default. To capture the active view without borders.. Click Options. Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista (p. 124) Printing a screenshot You can have Tekla Structures automatically print out a screenshot using the default printer. 3. The software that you use to open the screenshot may have a limit for the number of pixels.. Creating a screenshot (p. Use the built-in Snipping Tool in Windows Vista to capture screenshots. Click Capture. The Screenshot Options dialog box appears. Click Capture. Adjust the visual effects for best performance in the Performance Options dialog box in Windows Vista. Use any of the following workarounds to solve this problem: • • • See also Use the command Tools > Screenshot > Custom. 7. Click Tools > Screenshot and select one of the commands: • To capture the entire Tekla Structures window. To capture the active view. 4. 214) Creating a screenshot in Windows Vista Due to a performance problem in Windows Vista. Select Place on clipboard. for example.. To print a screenshot: 1. as a custom component thumbnail. select Main Frame.. Set the desired properties and click OK. select Dialog.3. Under Capture. • • • See also To capture the last dialog box displayed. 6. Paste the screenshot in your graphics editor and save it in .. See also Creating a screenshot (p. Click Tools > Screenshot > Custom.bmp) format to use it.bmp format. the screenshot commands might not always work properly. See also To define which view to create the screenshot from. 124) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 125 . select View without Borders. click Pick view and select a view.png) files. To save a screenshot in bitmap format: 1. 2. Click Tools > Screenshot > Print Screenshot to activate automatic printing. Creating a screenshot (p. 2.

By default. and length of the selected model object. 126) Object property report templates When you view object properties using the Inquire object command. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. 2.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Reference. 2. weight. Select a part.. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool Use the Custom Inquiry tool to display information of the selected model object in a separate window that you can drag and drop to any position on the screen. See also Inquiring the model (p..2 Inquiring the model Use the commands on the Tools > Inquire menu to display information about model objects and model size. Tekla Structures displays the part properties in the tool window. For more information on how to use templates. the tool shows the total area. Tekla Structures displays the object properties in a separate window. within the model. Select an object. 127) 126 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Click Tools > Inquire > Object. To inquire object properties: 1.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Assembly. Tekla Structures uses the following report templates: Part type Parts Assemblies Cast units Welds Reference models Template TS_Report_Inquire_Part.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Welding. See also Inquiring object properties (p. or a group of objects. see the Template Editor user documentation.rpt You can modify these templates according to your needs. 126) Object property report templates (p.rpt TS_Report_Inquire_Cast_Unit. To display object properties using the Custom Inquiry tool: 1. See also Inquiring object properties (p. 126) Inquiring object properties Use the Inquire object command to display the properties of a particular object. 126) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool (p. See also Inquiring the model (p. 126) Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p..5.

• To modify the calculated attributes. Define which attributes are shown in the tool window.. AVERAGE.config file in any standard text editor. • To add more attributes to the tool window. • See also To change the formula of an attribute. Optional: Define which attributes are shown in the Attributes list. click an item in the Contents of Custom Inquiry list and then click the left arrow button. Change the position number of the new attribute. Click Manage contents. click Edit. click the down arrow and select a different formula (SUM. By default. *.config file: 1. use the Up and Down buttons. Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p. The Manage Contents dialog box appears. • To remove attributes from the tool window. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 127 .. • 4. Use the InquiryTool..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modeling\I nquiryToolAttributes folder.\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\common\macros\modelin g\InquiryToolAttributes folder. -. Copy the entire contents of [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to the end of the file. To modify the default attributes. You can use standard mathematical symbols (+. MAX.lst file located in the . click Add….Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. edit the InquiryTool. 2. click an item in the Attributes list and then click the right arrow button. The Attributes list contains all of the available attributes.\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\TplEd\settings folder.. The Custom Inquiry dialog box appears... 2. The attributes refer to the contentattributes_global. 3. and /) to form equations.config file in the .. Click Tools > Inquire > Custom Inquiry. change [ATTR_CONTENT_??] to [ATTR_CONTENT_66]. • To create new calculated attributes. The file is located in the .. To modify the contents of the tool window: 1. 127) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool This section is for advanced users.. Open the InquiryTool. 126) Adding attributes to Custom Inquiry tool (p. • To change the order of the attributes. To add new attributes to the InquiryTool.. 3. the file contains 65 attributes..config file to control which attributes are shown as default attributes in the Manage Contents dialog box in the Custom Inquiry tool. 127) Modifying the contents of Custom Inquiry tool You can define what information is displayed in the Custom Inquiry dialog box. The Contents of Custom Inquiry list contains the attributes that are displayed in the tool window. or MIN) from the list box.

3. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. 2.3 Showing and hiding objects The visibility of objects in a view depends on the following settings: • • • • • work area view depth view settings view filter object representation settings Work area and view depth are like two virtual boxes. to open the Display dialog box. 130) Hiding unselected parts (p.. Use the attribute names and definitions that are included in the contentattributes_global. Click Display. Select or clear check boxes to specify which objects are visible in the view. 132) Object groups (p. 128) Display settings (p. 216) Representation options In rendered views. Modify the NAME. 131) Showing parts with exact lines (p. 6. See also Using the Custom Inquiry tool (p.4. DATATYPE. Objects that have their reference line partially or totally inside both boxes are visible. For example. 131) Showing and hiding assemblies (p. The following options are available: 128 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. Save the file. change TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=65 to TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT=66. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. Newly created objects are also visible outside the view depth but never outside the work area. When you redraw a view. 128) Representation options (p. Change the TOTAL_ATTR_CONTENT value to reflect the total number of attributes in the file. DISPLAY_NAME.lst file. Showing and hiding objects (p.. 132) Object representation settings (p. 131) Showing and hiding components (p. and DECIMAL values of the new attribute. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. UNIT. 5. only the objects inside the view depth are displayed. 133) Defining which objects are displayed To define which objects are visible and how they are displayed in a view: 1. 126) 5.

Hidden Lines Parts are not transparent. underlying parts are not visible. Example In this example. i. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 129 .Option Wireframe Description Part outlines are displayed.e. and their surfaces are shaded. component objects are displayed as Rendered. component objects are displayed as Rendered. surfaces are not.e. parts are transparent. Parts are transparent. In this example. Shaded Wireframe Part outlines are displayed. i.

This can be useful. To completely hide the parts. 128) Hiding unselected parts (p. for example. for example. when viewing clash check results in a large model. i. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. parts are not transparent.5 and Shift+1...Option Rendered Description Part surfaces are displayed. This option is useful. Showing and hiding objects (p... hold down the Shift key when selecting the command and the parts. To hide selected parts: 1. Use the shortcuts Ctrl+1. 131) 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Other parts are almost completely transparent. when you want to temporarily hide parts in order to see the parts behind them. 128) Hiding selected parts You can quickly hide selected parts in a view. • • See also To make the parts visible again. Example Show Only Selected Selected parts are displayed.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components. Click View > Hide Part. Select the parts you want to hide. 2. The parts are shown as sticks.e. do one of the following: Click View > Redraw All. 3.

Showing and hiding objects (p. The unselected parts become almost transparent. Click the view in which you want to display exact lines. cuts. 2. 3. See also Select the part. 2. Select the assembly you want to hide. Hide an assembly 1. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. bolts. Right-click and select Assembly > Hide from the pop-up menu. fittings. do one of the following: • Click View > Redraw All. 4. hold down the Shift key when selecting the command. Make a hidden assembly visible again Do one of the following: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 131 . 3. and other details belonging to the assembly.Hiding unselected parts To hide all unselected parts in a view: 1. 128) Hiding selected parts (p. 2. • See also Right-click the parts and select Show with Exact Lines. Tekla Structures displays all parts. Click View > Representation > Short Part with Exact Lines. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting the command. Right-click and select Redraw View. To completely hide the unselected parts. To clear the exact lines effect. 128) Showing and hiding assemblies Do any of the following: To Display the contents of an assembly Do this • Right-click the assembly and select Assembly > Show Assembly from the pop-up menu. welds. Select the parts that you want to keep visible. click View > Redraw All. Showing and hiding objects (p. Click View > Redraw All. To make the parts visible again. To show the unselected parts as sticks. 130) Showing parts with exact lines Use the Show Part with Exact Lines command to temporarily display a part with exact lines even if you are using the Fast representation option for parts. Right-click and select Show Only Selected. To display a part with exact lines: 1.

Hide a component Make a hidden component visible again 1.See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 132) Copying an object group to another model (p. 3. 128) Refreshing views (p. Right-click and select Hide from the pop-up menu. 4. 39) Object groups Object groups are sets of rules that can be used to group objects based on selected properties and conditions. d Add more rows. The check boxes define which rules are enabled and effective. a Click Add row. b Select options from the Category. to open the Object Representation dialog box. Click Object group. 133) Deleting an object group (p. 2. Use object groups to control the transparency and coloring of model objects. See also Showing and hiding objects (p. 39) Showing and hiding components Do any of the following: To Display the contents of a component Do this • Click View > Representation > Show Component Content and select a component..Representation dialog box.. even if you had defined them as hidden in the view properties. and other details belonging to the component. Right-click and select Redraw View. Tekla Structures displays all bolts. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. type a value or select one from the model. 2. Select the component you want to hide. 128) Creating an object group (p. 135) Creating an object group To create an object group: 1. and Condition list boxes. welds.. c In the Value list box. Do one of the following: • • See also Showing and hiding objects (p. Property. Object groups are also used in project status visualizations. to open the Object Group . 133) Visualizing project status (p. 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Modify the object group settings.. 128) Refreshing views (p. Select the check boxes next to all object group rules that you want to enable. Click View > Redraw All. and use the And/Or options or parentheses to create more complex rules.

5. Restart Tekla Structures.PObjGrp.PObjGrp. Click Save as to save the object group. For example. 2. 238) Copying an object group to another model To copy an object group to another model: 1. Object groups (p. Select the object group you want to copy. 2. See also Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. copy the file to the attributes folder of the destination model. See also Object groups (p. 132) Deleting an object group To delete an object group: 1. Restart Tekla Structures. The object groups you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. Select where you want to copy the object group. 6. 132) Object representation settings Use object representation settings to modify the color and transparency of objects in the model view. and they have the file name extension *. • To make an object group available in all models. See also Delete the object group file located in the model’s attributes folder. and to create customized presentations of defined objects. 132) Selecting values from the model (p. Object groups have the file name extension *. the following images show the same model with different object representation settings: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 133 . • To make an object group available in another model. Object groups (p. 3. copy the file to the system folder.

. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 134) Copying object representation settings to another model (p. 128) Creating object representation settings (p. To create object representation settings: 1. the coloring and visibility of the objects defined on the top row is applied to that object. 2. 7. Use the Color list box to define the color of the objects in the object group. Select a predefined object group from the Object group list box. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Repeat steps 3–5 for each row you add. 6. 4. 8. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button Click Save as to save the set of object representation settings. Use the Transparency list box to define the transparency of the objects in the object group. 135) Deleting object representation settings (p. while all other parts are 90% transparent See also Showing and hiding objects (p. If an object belongs to several object groups. Use the Move up and Move down buttons to change the order of the rows. 135) Creating object representation settings Create object representation settings to define the color and transparency of objects in a model. 9. Click Add row. 3..Standard object representation Only parts whose profile name starts with IPE* or HEA* are visible Objects whose user-defined attribute Planned erection date is set to 01/05/2009 are displayed in blue. 5.

Tekla Structures adds that row to the bottom of the list when you click Modify.If your object representation setting does not contain the group All. copy them to the system folder. use this tool to: • • display the erection schedule for groups of parts using different colors identify the parts that are scheduled to be fabricated during a specific time period. or OK. Select where you want to copy the settings. you need to have predefined object representation settings that include object groups based on date rules. See also Creating a visualization (p. Object representation settings (p. Restart Tekla Structures.rep. 133) 5. 136) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. • To make the settings available in all models. Apply. Restart Tekla Structures. • To make the settings available in another model. See also Object representation settings (p. 3. 214) Copying object representation settings to another model To copy object representation settings to another model: 1. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. 133) Color settings (p. and they have the file name extension *. See also Delete the object representation file located in the model’s attributes folder. 2. 133) Deleting object representation settings To delete object representation settings: 1. 2. For example. To create project status visualizations. See also Object representation settings (p. Object representation settings have the file name extension *. 136) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 135 . 136) Deleting visualization settings (p.rep. 213) Transparency settings (p. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model (p.4 Visualizing project status Use the Project Status Visualization tool to review the status of modeling objects in a specific time frame. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. Select the object representation settings you want to copy.

Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.Creating a visualization To create a project status visualization: 1. See also Visualizing project status (p. Type a unique name in the field next to the Save as button. 2. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project (p. a In the Object representation list box. copy them to the system folder. b Define a start and end date for the time scale slider.4d. Modify the visualization settings.PObjGrp) in the attributes and system folders to ensure that all the files will work correctly.4d. • To make the settings available in another model. To view the visualization in the model. 135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule of a project This section explains how to visualize erection schedules using the project status visualization tool available in Tekla Structures. Visualizing project status (p. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 3. Project status visualization settings have the file name extension *.. 2. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . Select where you want to copy the settings. 4. and they have the file name extension *. click the step buttons. The settings you have created are located in the model’s attributes folder. c Define the length of the time step. 6. Include a copy of the object representation settings file (*. 136) Copying visualization settings to another model To copy project status visualization settings to another model: 1. 2. Restart Tekla Structures.. See also Visualizing project status (p. select one of the predefined object representation settings. 4. Restart Tekla Structures. copy them to the attributes folder of the destination model. Select the visualization settings you want to copy. 135) Deleting visualization settings To delete project status visualization settings: 1. 3. • To make the settings available in all models. See also Delete the visualization file located in the model’s attributes folder.rep) and object group files (*. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. 5.

The Select Date dialog box appears. 7. 2. 2. Finally. 137) Creating object representation settings (p. To define an erection schedule: 1.. 138) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule (p. to open the Object Group . 3. Click Object group... To make it easier to select parts. select Object. Click View > Representation > Object representation. Ensure that all the check boxes are cleared. you will create an object group to define which objects are shown in the model. On the Status tab.. 134) Example: Creating visualization settings (p. you will visualize the erection schedule using the project status visualization tool. Create an object group that includes all objects whose user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled is earlier than or equal to the review date. b In the Property list box. 5. and object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. a In the Category list box.. Select the Erection Scheduled check box. See also Visualizing project status (p. select Select date. 137) Example: Creating object groups (p. you will create object groups to define which objects are shown in the model. 135) Example: Creating object groups In this example. 4. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 137 . Click User-defined attributes.Representation dialog box. Repeat steps 1–7 for each group of parts in your model.. Visualizing project status (p.. See also Click Modify. After that. you will define an erection schedule for parts using the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. select INSTALL_PLAN. 3.In the following example. 6. create a separate selection filter for each group of parts. select Earlier than or equal.. you will first define an erection schedule for parts using a specific user-defined attribute. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. Select all the parts for which you want to use the same erection date. 8. To create the object group: 1. d In the Value list box. 135) Example: Defining an erection schedule (p. modify the value of the user-defined attribute Erection Scheduled. c In the Condition list box. e Select Review date and click OK. 139) Example: Defining an erection schedule In this example. to open the Object Representation dialog box.

For example. 3.4. 2. select Color by class. 7.. To create object representation settings: 1. 4. select Hidden. In the Object representation list box. d In the Transparency list box. In the box next to the Save as button. 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . 5. scheduled_erection_date. c In the Color list box. Click Save as. select the object representation setting you created in Example: Creating object representation settings (p. 5. To create visualization settings: 1. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization. to open the Object Representation dialog box. plan_same_or_before_review_date.. 133) Visualizing project status (p. See also Object groups (p. c In the Color list box. b In the Object group list box. enter a name for the visualization. you will create object representation settings to define how the objects are shown in the model. select Visible. In the box next to the Save as button. 138). you will create project status visualization settings. a Click Add row. a Click Add row. Click Save as. select the object group you just created. 6. 5. In the box next to the Save as button. Click View > Representation > Object Representation.. 135) Example: Creating visualization settings In this example. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group that you created in Example: Creating object groups (p. 135) Example: Creating object representation settings In this example. See also Object representation settings (p. Define a start and end date for the time scale slider. 2. d In the Transparency list box. 137). For example.. Define the color and transparency settings for the object group All. select the object group All. Click Save as to save the visualization settings. enter a name for the group. Select the Refresh view automatically check box. 3. select Color by class. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. b In the Object group list box. 4. enter a name for the object representation settings. Define the length of the time step. 132) Visualizing project status (p.

135) Example: Visualizing the erection schedule In this example. to open the Project Status Visualization dialog box. 2. To visualize the erection schedule: 1. 3.See also Visualizing project status (p. The images below show how the objects are shown when you change the review date: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 139 . To view the visualization in the model. 138)... click the step buttons. In the list box next to the Load button. 4. Click Load. select the visualization setting you created in Example: Creating visualization settings (p. you will visualize the erection schedule using the Project Status Visualization tool. Click Tools > Project Status Visualization.

Review date November 02 Visualization November 05 November 08 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .

Review date November 11 Visualization November 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 141 .

149) 142 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .5 Checking the model When the model is complete. See also Measuring objects (p. 144) Comparing parts or assemblies (p. 149) Finding distant objects (p.Review date November 17 Visualization November 20 See also Visualizing project status (p. 143) Detecting clashes (p. 135) 5. it is useful to check the model for errors.

3. See also Click or Tools > Measure > Angle. Click or Tools > Measure > Bolt Spacing. vertical and user-defined distances: 1. 143) Measuring angles (p. 4. 3. Pick a point to indicate on which side of the dimension line you want the number to appear. 5. Measuring objects (p. Measuring objects (p. the distance between two points and between bolts. 3. Pick the end point. Select a part. Click Tools > Measure and select a command that measures distances. 143) Measuring bolt spacing You can measure distances between bolts in a bolt group. Pick the center point. See also Press Ctrl+P to switch to the plane view. Tekla Structures also gives you the edge distances between the bolts and a selected part. The measurements appear in the rendered view window until you update or redraw the window. Pick the end point. 2. 2. 143) Measuring bolt spacing (p. All measurements are temporary. 143) Measuring angles To measure angles: 1. Pick the starting point. 2. see the corresponding menu tooltip. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 143 . Select a bolt group. To measure bolt spacing: 1. 143) Measuring distances To measure horizontal.Measuring objects Use the Measure tool to measure angles. 4. See also Measuring distances (p. For more information on each command. Pick the starting point.

145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts (p.See also Measuring objects (p. 145) Clash Check Manager (p. 148) Reverting to the old clash checking functionality (p. or reference model objects that collide. 149) 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . you must export it in IFC format to be able to use it in clash checking. 143) Detecting clashes Use the Clash Check tool to find parts. If you are checking a reference model for clashes. See also Finding clashes in a model (p. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • IFC DWG DGN If you want to use another Tekla Structures model as a reference model. bolts. Clashes of objects that only touch one another are not included in the clash check results. ensure that all the parts of the reference model are selected.

If you start clash checking while another clash check is still running. Click Tools > Clash Check. 241) Clash Check Manager If you are using the Full or Construction Management configuration. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding objects in the model. See also Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager (p. 146) Symbols used in clash checking (p. Select the objects you want to check. 147) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 145 . The clash check progress is displayed on the status bar.Finding clashes in a model To find clashes in a model: 1. you can choose whether to continue checking. 147) Changing the priority of clashes (p. See also Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. 146) Managing the list of clashes (p. Tekla Structures highlights them in yellow and displays the clash check log. To locate the colliding objects. select a row in the clash check log. You can continue working during the clash check. If colliding objects are found. 3. you can also use Clash Check Manager to detect and manage clashes in a model. restart the operation and check the currently selected parts. 146) Changing the status of clashes (p. or stop checking. 2.

The clash is not new. 4. Only certain object properties affect this flag. the state changes to modified when you re-run clash check. 2. Both visible and hidden properties affect the flag. 5. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model . All clashes are marked as new when they are found for the first time. Hold down Ctrl or Shift while selecting rows. resolved. modified. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. A check mark it is visible. 1. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. select a row in the list of clashes.Opening and saving clash check sessions (p. When the clash check is complete. See also To highlight a clash in the model. in front of the item indicates that See also Clash Check Manager (p. or missing. 3. 145) Managing the list of clashes To manage the list of clashes in Clash Check Manager: To Change the sort order of clash results Select multiple rows in the list of clashes Show or hide a column Do this Click the heading of the desired column to alternate between the ascending and descending sort order. right-click one of the column headings. double-click a row. Click to check the objects. 2. You can continue working during the clash check. Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. When you re-run clash check. If the object has been modified (for example. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. Click any of the list items to show or hide them. To see which properties have an effect. Clash Check Manager (p. if the profile has changed). 145) Symbols used in clash checking Clash Check Manager uses the following flags to indicate the state of clashes: Flag (none) State Active New Modified Description The default state. 147) Finding clashes using Clash Check Manager To find clashes in a model: 1. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. Right-click one of the colum headings to open a pop-up menu. In the model.

3. 2. select the clashes whose priority you want to change. select the clashes whose status you want to change. 145) Changing the status of clashes To change the status of clashes: 1. Create a new session Click Clash Check Manager clears the list of clashes without running clash check. 3. In Clash Check Manager. Click OK. select a session. In the Open dialog box. If one or both of the clashing objects have been removed from the model. Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. See also Clash Check Manager (p. 2. the state changes to missing when you re-run clash check. Click . Right-click one of the selected rows to open a pop-up menu. the state changes to resolved when you re-run clash check. 3. Select Priority and then one of the status options: • High • • See also Medium Low Clash Check Manager (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model 147 . 2.Flag State Resolved Missing Description If the objects no longer clash. Select Status and then one of the status options: • Assign • • • • See also Fix Approve Ignore Reopen Clash Check Manager (p. do any of the following: To Open a session Do this 1. 145) Opening and saving clash check sessions To open or save sessions in Clash Check Manager. In Clash Check Manager. 145) Changing the priority of clashes To change the priority of clashes: 1. .

148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model .\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\Clashes folder. In the Options dialog box. browse to the folder where you want to save the session. 145) Defining a clash check clearance area for bolts To check if bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. go to the Clash check page. 3. clash check sessions are stored as XML files in the . 4. you can define a clash check clearance area for bolts.. Click Tools > Options > Options.To Save the active session Do this Click .. 5. If you clear the check boxes. 3.. If the fields are empty. Click In the Save As dialog box. 2. Click the arrow button next to the A pop-up menu appears. enter a new name. Save as. Tekla Structures creates the folder automatically when you open Clash Check Manager for the first time. d is the larger value of the bolt head or nut diameters Clash check clearance area 4. Ensure that you have selected the check box in front of each field.00. In the File name box. Save the active session under a different name or in a different location 1. By default. See also Clash Check Manager (p. 5. icon. 2. Tekla Structures uses the default value 1. Click Apply or OK. the clearance will be zero. Click Save. To define a clearance area for bolts: 1. Modify the bolt clearance values.

If Tekla Structures cannot find the bolt head or nut diameter in the bolt catalog, it uses the shank diameter instead.

See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Reverting to the old clash checking functionality
If you are working on a large model, running the clash check may sometimes be slow. In that case you can use the old clash checking functionality, which does not recognize clashes with reference models. For more information on the old clash checking functionality, see XS_USE_NEW_CLASH_CHECK and XS_CLASH_CHECK_BETWEEN_REFERENCES.
See also

Detecting clashes (p. 144)

Comparing parts or assemblies
To compare two parts or assemblies: 1. Select the objects you want to compare. • To compare parts, select two parts in the model.


2.

To compare assemblies, select a part in each assembly.

Click Tools > Compare, and then select either Parts or Assemblies. Tekla Structures displays the results on the status bar.

See also

Checking the model (p. 142)

Finding distant objects
When the work area is huge, the model may contain some distant objects that are not easy to find. Use the Find Distant Objects command to find these objects.

You cannot use this command to find parts (such as beams, columns or plates).

To find distant objects: 1. 2. 3. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. Select an object in the list. Right-click and select a command from the pop-up menu. You can, for example, inquire or delete the object.

See also

XS_DISTANT_OBJECT_FINDER_TOLERANCE Checking the model (p. 142)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

149

150

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Examining the Model

6

Numbering the Model

This section explains how to change numbering settings and apply numbering in Tekla Structures.
Contents

• • • • •

What is numbering (p. 151) What affects numbering (p. 152) Numbering objects (p. 156) Defining numbering series (p. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. 161)

6.1 What is numbering
Tekla Structures assigns a mark to each part and assembly in a model. The mark includes part or assembly prefix and position number, and other elements (such as profile or material grade). This process is called numbering. Part numbers are vital in the fabrication, shipping, and erection stages of construction. Tekla Structures also uses numbers to identify parts, cast units, and assemblies when producing drawings and reports, and exporting models. You must have Tekla Structures number the model before you can create single-part, assembly, cast unit, and multi-drawings, or export files from a model. Tekla Structures uses part numbers in many tasks, for example to:

• • •

connect a drawing with the right part, cast unit, or assembly report the properties of identical parts, cast units, and assemblies identify part information when exporting parts to another software.

If the numbering of a part or assembly is not up to date, a question mark (?) is displayed in the part label and in the Inquire Object dialog box. For example:

See also

Numbering objects (p. 156)

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151

What affects numbering (p. 152) Inquiring object properties (p. 126)

6.2 What affects numbering
Tekla Structures treats objects as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the following properties differ:

• • • • • • • •

Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcement Cast-in embeds Surface treatment (affects only assemblies) Pop marks Shortening User-defined attributes

To define which properties affect numbering in your model, modify the settings in the
Numbering Setup dialog box. For example, if two otherwise identical concrete parts have different names and you select the Part name check box, Tekla Structures gives the parts

different numbers. By default, a part retains its number, as long as only one part has that particular number, regardless of the settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box.

Always carry out full numbering on the model after you have changed the numbering settings. If the Renumber all option is selected in the Numbering Setup dialog box, Tekla Structures will always carry out full renumbering.
See also

Numbering objects (p. 156) Numbering settings (p. 233) Identical parts (p. 152) Identical reinforcements (p. 153) User-defined attributes in numbering (p. 153)

Identical parts
Tekla Structures gives parts the same number if the parts are identical in the fabrication or casting. If a part is deformed after fabrication or casting (for example if the part is cambered, shortened, or warped), the final geometry on site and in the model may be different. Tekla Structures treats parts as identical and gives them the same number if the following basic part properties are the same:

• • • • •

Part geometry Numbering series Profile Material Finish

152

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model

You can set the degree of tolerance for part geometry in the Numbering Setup dialog box. If the geometry of parts differs within this degree of tolerance, Tekla Structures treats the parts as identical for numbering purposes. Class and phase do not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical parts that belong to different classes or phases.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Parts (p. 51) Phases (p. 171)

Identical reinforcements
Tekla Structures treats reinforcing bars as identical, and gives them the same number, if the following properties are the same:

• • • • •

Bar geometry Numbering series Size Grade Bending radius

Tekla Structures uses the values of the rebar_config.inp file located in the ..\Tekla Structures\<version>\environments\<environment>\system\ folder to round bar dimensions up or down. For example, if you set the rounding accuracy for bar dimensions to 5 and the rounding direction to up, Tekla Structures rounds all bar dimensions up to the nearest 5 mm. In that case, two bars with dimensions of 131 mm and 133 mm would both round up to 135 mm. This gives them identical bar geometry. Class does not affect numbering. Tekla Structures gives the same number to identical reinforcing bars that belong to different classes.
See also

What affects numbering (p. 152) Reinforcement

User-defined attributes in numbering
Tekla Structures treats parts and reinforcing bars as different, and therefore numbers them differently, if the values of a user-defined attribute differ.
Parts

If a user-defined attribute has the variable special_flag set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering parts. If a user-defined attribute has the variable consider_in_numbering set to yes, Tekla Structures takes this user-defined attribute into account when numbering reinforcements. What affects numbering (p. 152) User-defined attributes (p. 55)

Reinforcements

See also

6.3 Defining numbering series
You can use a numbering series to divide steel parts, cast units, and assemblies into groups. For example, you can allocate a separate numbering series to different phases or part types.

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153

if you define a numbering series with the prefix P and start number 1001. Example For example. When you run numbering. it is good idea to plan the numbering prefixes and start numbers you will use for the entire project. Tekla Structures numbers that series P1001. For example. Planning your numbering series (p. This applies also to concrete components whose part position prefix is Concrete and start number is 1. concrete parts will get the part prefix Concrete_C-1. 155) Overlapping numbering series (p. 156) See also Planning your numbering series Before you start modeling. Careful planning prevents numbering conflicts.The name of a numbering series consists of a prefix and a start number. you may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts). include the numbering series in the default part properties for each type of part before you start modeling. All identical parts in the same numbering series are given the same part number. 153) Overlapping numbering series (p. P1003. if the cast unit prefix is C and the start number is 1. To assign a numbering series to a part: 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . You may want to omit the part prefix for minor parts. 156) Assigning a numbering series to a part You can assign a numbering series to any part or assembly. 154) Family numbers (p. You do not have to define a part prefix (for example... . ensure that you assign a Start number for that numbering series so that it will not overlap other parts. Example One way to plan the numbering series is to create a table: Part Part Part type Beam Vertical brace Horizontal brace Rafter Purlin Column Plate See also Prefix PB PVB PHB PR PP PC Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1001 Assembl y Prefix AB AVB AHB AR AP AC A Assembly Start number 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Defining numbering series (p. such as plates. P1002. To save time. Concrete parts are numbered according to the cast unit numbering settings. If you do this. Tekla Structures compares parts that belong to the same series with each other. 154) Assigning a numbering series to a part (p.

When you use family numbering. select the properties that need to be identical for the members of the same family. if they have the same family number but different part geometry or materials. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Under Numbering series. and then click Add. for example. 2. The numbering series appears in the family numbering list.1. 153) Assigning family numbers (p. the cast unit position numbers consist of a family number and a qualifier. Under Compare. go to the Cast unit tab. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 155 . 4. define a part prefix and a start number. Tekla Structures displays all the assembly and cast unit numbering series in the model. See also Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. b Select a numbering series from the list. 2. 3. Define comparison criteria for each numbering series separately. 163) Assigning family numbers To assign family numbers to numbering series: 1. Define which numbering series to assign family numbers to. 4. 153) Family numbers With family numbering you can group objects within the same numbering series into different “families”. Defining numbering series (p. 155) Changing the family number of an object (p. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. to find similar cast units that can be cast in the same bed. For example: Family number Qualifier Assemblies and cast units that match the comparison criteria you define in the Numbering Setup dialog box get the same family number. If you are modifying the properties of a concrete part. a Click Add series to open the Add series dialog box. Go to the Family numbering tab. they get unique qualifier numbers. See also Defining numbering series (p. 3... However. 156) Example: Using family numbers (p. This can be used. Click Modify.

161) 6. Family numbers (p.. Update numbering in the model.. clear the existing numbers. type the desired values in the Family number and Family qualifier fields. See also Family numbers (p. 5. Tekla Structures warns you about series overlaps. 7. See also Defining numbering series (p. 2. Tekla Structures stores the settings in the numbering database file (<model_name>. If you do not select any check boxes. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. 3. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering and select one of the following commands: 2. Click Assign. c Click Apply or OK. see the corresponding menu tooltip. If you are assigning family numbers to parts that have already been numbered. Click Apply. ensure that you reserve enough numbers for each series..Select at least one check box. Tekla Structures assigns a family number to all objects in the numbering series. 155) Clearing numbers (p. 6. In the Assign Family Number dialog box. If a series overlaps another. 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . Tekla Structures might allocate the same number to different parts. a Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings.4 Numbering objects To number objects in a model: 1.db2) in the current model folder the next time you save the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number > Family Number. 155) Overlapping numbering series When you plan numbering. 4. and the qualifier number will be 1 for all. If you select all the check boxes. 160) Changing the family number of an object To change the family number and/or family qualifier of an object: 1. only one family number per series is assigned. 153) Viewing the numbering history (p. See also Select the objects whose family numbers you want to change. Optional: Modify the numbering settings. b Modify the settings. View the numbering history log to check which numbers overlap.. For more information on each command. but not all of them. the family number will be the same as the normal assembly position.

See also Numbering settings (p. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. 158) Control numbers (p. However. The sort order can be based on the following criteria: • • The x. the x coordinate. Assembly and cast unit numbering may affect part numbering. 157) Saving preliminary numbers (p. The user-defined attribute of an assembly or the main part If your sorting is based on user-defined attributes. if the advanced option XS_USE_ASSEMBLY_NUMBER_FOR is set. if you select the Surface treatment check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box. 233) Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. y or z coordinates of the main part of the assembly The sorting is based on the center of gravity of the reference axis. 158) Changing numbers (p. 160) Creating a standard-part model (p. The prefix varies based on the part type. 160) Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 157) Numbering reinforcements (p. The default start number is 1. 157) Assembly position numbers Use the options in the Numbering Setup dialog box to sort the order in which assemblies are given their position numbers. Sorting by user-defined attributes or by location does not affect the part position. In this case you should renumber the parts. 159) Clearing numbers (p. 162) Numbering assemblies and cast units Part numbering does not affect cast unit and assembly numbering. Tekla Structures numbers reinforcements in the same way as it does parts. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 157 . Tekla Structures numbers assemblies and cast units in the same way as it does parts. See also Numbering assemblies and cast units (p. However. If you add new parts. for example. 156) Assembly position numbers (p. Tekla Structures displays a list box that includes all the available user-defined attributes. See also Numbering objects (p. objects that have already been numbered are not renumbered to suit the sorting order by. 157) Numbering reinforcements Part numbering and cast unit numbering do not affect the numbering of reinforcements.

if First direction is -X. the sort order is X Y Z. If multiple parts have the same x and y coordinates. and Third direction is Z. See also Select the parts. See also Numbering objects (p. With negative directions (such as -X). select the Reinforcing bars check box in the Numbering Setup dialog box.To force Tekla Structures to give otherwise identical concrete parts and cast units different numbers if they have different reinforcements. If multiple parts have the same x coordinate. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . the parts with the highest coordinate value are numbered first. 156) Saving preliminary numbers A preliminary mark is a user-defined attribute that defines the part position number. The previous preliminary numbers are overriden. You can save the current part position numbers as preliminary marks for selected parts. their z coordinates are also compared. You can assign consecutive control numbers to all the parts or only selected parts. 2. Second direction is Y. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Save Preliminary Numbers. For example. numbering starts from the parts that have the highest x coordinate value. Example In the following example. you can specify in what order to assign control numbers. Numbering objects (p. To save part position numbers for preliminary marks: 1. their y coordinates are also compared. When you assign control numbers. according to the location of each part on the global coordinate system. the parts with the lowest coordinate value are numbered first. 156) Control numbers Control numbers are properties that identify the location of parts in a model. The options are: • • • • • • • None X -X Z -Z Y -Y With positive directions (such as X).

specify how to treat parts that already have control numbers. do not select any parts in the model. use the Lock/Unlock Control Numbers command. • To lock or unlock the control numbers of specific parts. etc. 159) Locking and unlocking control numbers (p. 5. To change the position numbers: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 159 . • To lock or unlock the control numbers of all parts. In the Numbering list box. 7. Click Apply. type 2 in the Start number of control numbers field and 3 in the Step value field. 158) Control number settings (p. 158) Changing numbers Use the Change Number command to change part. 2. and then click Create. a In the Start number of control numbers field. • To consider all parts in the model. select Lock or Unlock in the Status. See also Control numbers (p. type the first control number to be used. or specific parts. Define the control numbers to be used. and then click Create. In the Status list box. All objects with the same number will be given the number you specified. 2. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Lock/Unlock Control Numbers to open the Lock/Unlock control numbers (S10) dialog box. • 3.See also Numbering objects (p. specify which parts get control numbers. 3. 6. do not select any parts.. multi-position. Use the direction list boxes to specify in what order to assign control numbers. type the prefix and start number in the corresponding fields. select the parts in the model. Indicate which parts to consider. If you are assigning control numbers to parts in a specific numbering series. 159) Assigning control numbers to parts Before you start. Define which parts’ control numbers to lock or unlock. to open the Create control numbers dialog box. To only consider specific parts. number the model. define the interval. to assign the control numbers 2. select the parts.. 156) Assigning control numbers to parts (p. 8. 4. Click Apply. See also Control numbers (p. To lock or unlock control numbers: 1. 11. For example. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Assign Control Numbers. To assign control numbers to parts: 1. assembly. In the Renumber list box. 8. This command does not change the numbering series. b In the Step value field. or family numbers after you run numbering. 235) Locking and unlocking control numbers To prevent Tekla Structures from renumbering the control numbers of all parts. 4. 5..

160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . See also Numbering objects (p. 2. Click Assign. This is for information only and the number is still changed. Next time you run numbering. Set the desired properties. 3. See also Numbering objects (p.Tekla Structures also displays a warning if the position number is higher than the highest current number. To clear the position numbers: 1. Create a new model and give it a descriptive name. Select an object. The options you have vary depending on your selection in step 2. For more information on each command. To create a standard-part model: 1. You can have Tekla Structures use these prefixes when numbering parts in another model. 4. This functionality only applies to steel parts. Select the objects whose numbers you want to clear. see the corresponding menu tooltip.1. Tekla Structures assigns new numbers to the objects. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Change Number and select one of the commands. see the corresponding menu tooltip. irrespective of what their previous numbers were. 156) Clearing numbers Use the Clear Numbers command to permanently delete the assigned position numbers of objects. For more information on each command. Tekla Structures displays a warning and does not change the number. 2. If the number you specified is already in use. 156) Creating a standard-part model A standard-part model contains only standard parts with specific part prefixes. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Clear Numbers and select one of the commands.

. Tekla Structures displays the numbering log file.. > Numbering. Explode all components.6 Repairing numbering errors We recommend that you check and repair numbering in the model every now and then. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. The numbering applies any part position numbers (only the part prefix) found in the standard-part model to all identical parts found in the project model. 156) 6.5 Viewing the numbering history To view the numbering history: • Click Tools > Display Log File > Numbering History.. Ensure that the standard-part model does not contain duplicate prefixes. to display the Numbering Setup dialog box. Open another model. it compares all of the parts in the model to the standard-part model. To check and repair numbering in a model: 1. For example: XS_STD_PART_MODEL=C:\Tekla StructuresModels\StandardParts 6. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 161 . Create the objects you want to have as standard parts. Save the standard-part model.. Give the objects prefixes that are not used elsewhere (for example.For example.. 5.. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. StandardParts. Delete all unnecessary items.. 11.. see Numbering history log. 13. 4. 2. STD1. Check that the advanced option XS_STD_PART_MODEL is set. Click Tools > Options > Advanced Options. For information on how to interpret the log file. 10. 8.. If you have selected the Part name check box. especially before producing drawings or reports. and that it points to the correct standard-part model. Click Check for standard parts and Apply. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. 12. See also Numbering objects (p. and so on). Number the model. STD2. 3. See also Numbering objects (p. 156) 6. 7. ensure that the project model has the same part names as the standard-part model. As Tekla Structures carries out the numbering. 9.

Compare to old Keep number if possible Click OK to save the changes. select the objects whose numbering you want to repair. even if a newer part or assembly has a smaller position number. 162) Example: Using family numbers (p. To force a certain position number on a part or assembly. Number the model. 159) 6. Change beam P2 to be identical to the others. To number identical beams: 1. 2. Number the model. You should now have two beams P1 and one P2.7 Numbering examples This section gives some examples of numbering the model. 164) Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. All the beams have the part position number P1. 5. 163) Example: Numbering selected part types (p. Number the model. Create three identical beams with the numbering series prefix P and start number 1. use the Change Number command after repairing numbering in the model. 3. 156) Changing numbers (p. see the corresponding menu tooltip. 6.2. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model and select one of the following commands: • • Diagnose & Repair Numbering: All Diagnose & Repair Numbering: Series of Selected Objects For more information on each command. 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . 165) Example: Numbering identical beams This example explains how different numbering settings result in different part numbers when you modify a part. Modify one of the beams. See also Numbering objects (p. 5. 4. 164) Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p. Unless you want to repair the entire model. Contents Example: Numbering identical beams (p. 4. Tekla Structures assigns the position number of the oldest part or assembly to all identical parts. Ensure that one of the following options is being used: • • 3.

Assembly position: B/1 Assembly position: B/2 Assembly position: B/3 Assembly position: B/4 We use the following family numbering settings: • • Numbering series: B/1 Compare: Main part profile and Overall length With the given family numbering criteria. • • • • See also The first beam gets the assembly position number B/1-1 The second beam gets the assembly position number B/1-2 The third beam gets the assembly position number B/2-1 The fourth beam gets the assembly position number B/2-2 Family numbers (p. Tekla Structures assigns one of the following part position numbers to the modified part: • • • See also Compare to old: P1 Keep number if possible: P2 Take new number: P3 Numbering objects (p. Within both families the beams get different qualifiers because they have different holes. 156) Example: Using family numbers In this example. The parts have the same main profile. All beams have the same profile. and each pair has the same length. but the holes are different. Tekla Structures divides the beams into two families. but each pair has a different length.Depending on the numbering settings in the Numbering Setup dialog box. the following four beams have the numbering series prefix B and the start number 1. 155) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 163 .

Ensure that this numbering series is different to any other parts or assemblies in the model. For example: 164 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . and another one for steel columns. Before you start. 5. and then click Apply. To number parts in selected phases: 1. Create steel columns. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Ensure that the Column orientation check box is not selected.. To number anchor rods and columns: 1. Apply a specific numbering series prefix and start number for parts in each phase.. Select one of the anchor rods in the model. 4. We will use one set of numbering settings for steel anchor rods. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects.Example: Numbering selected part types This example shows how different numbering settings can be used for different part types. Select the Column orientation check box. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. each phase having a different detailing and submittal schedule. This enables you to release drawings for a particular phase at any time. Select one of the steel columns in the model. 3. 8. All parts with the AR prefix and start number at 1 are numbered. divide the model into phases. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases This example shows how to number a model that consists of multiple phases. After the anchor rod numbering is complete. 6. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. and then click Apply. 2. All columns belonging to the same numbering series as the selected column are numbered. 7. 10. 9. Create anchor rods with the numbering series prefix AR and start number 1.

See also Example: Numbering settings during a project (p. to avoid numbering overlaps with the beams in phase 2.. For example. phase 1 should not contain more than 1000 position numbers. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Series of Selected Objects. Modify the numbering settings. Select the parts you want to number.. Phase 1: green Phase 2: magenta 2. For example: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model 165 .• • The beams in phase 1 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 1000. and then click Apply. 5. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering Settings. Select one of the parts you want to number. All parts belonging to the same numbering series as the selected part are numbered. You can also use selection filters to ignore specific phases that are already completed or phases that are not ready for numbering. 3. to open the Numbering Setup dialog box. Use selection filters to easily select parts belonging to a certain phase or parts with a specific start number series. 165) Example: Numbering settings during a project You can use different numbering settings at different times in a project. Ensure that the numbering series are not overlapping. 4. The beams in phase 2 get the numbering series prefix B and start number 2000. 6. 7.

If you are numbering other phases of the project at earlier stages of detailing. 164) General numbering settings (p. Example: Numbering parts in selected phases (p.• • • See also Before releasing a phase of the project for fabrication. you might use the Re-use old numbers option for numbering the entire model. you might use the Compare to old option and try to combine as many position numbers as possible. 233) 166 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Numbering the Model . If a phase has already been released for fabrication in a project. you might use the Take new number option for new and modified parts.

1 Organizing the model Use the Model Organizer to manage and view different logical areas and object types in your model. and categorize object types. 171) Sequences (p. lots. and erection sequences. based on purchasing contracts. You can categorize both native Tekla Structures objects and reference objects. 174) Parametric modeling (p. 176) Sketched cross sections (p. Contents • • • • • • Organizing the model (p. You can classify information according to your needs. 181) 7. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 167 . for example. 172) Lotting (p. You can divide a large model into logical sections and floors to help create building schedules.7 Advanced Modeling This section explains some advanced modeling techniques available in Tekla Structures. 167) Phases (p. Model Organizer can be used in construction planning and management.

170) Deleting logical areas and object type categories (p.Model Organizer is included in the Full and Construction Management configurations only. 169) Viewing logical areas and object type categories (p. 168) Creating object type categories (p. 169) Modifying logical areas and object type categories (p. 171) Creating logical areas Logical areas may already have been defined for the model. 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . See also Creating logical areas (p. You can create new logical areas for your own needs.

Each model object can belong to only one section and one story. To create object type categories using Model Organizer: 1. You can create new object type categories for your own needs. you can create sites for your project by right-clicking Logical Areas and selecting Show Site(s)... Select a section or story in Model Organizer. You may create as many sections and storys as you need. See also Organizing the model (p.To create logical areas using Model Organizer: 1.. You can hide the sites by selecting Hide Site(s). See also In Model Organizer. 3. b Click New Building. 5. Create a path structure. To make it easier to view and select parts. 2. In large projects. Organizing the model (p. select the area for the section or the story. right-click the selected section or story. and select Add Selected to Category. 3. b Click New Object Type. 167) Creating object type categories Object types may already have been defined for the model. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 4. Note that sections and storys are both created under buildings. a Right-click Object Types. In the model. 4. Click Tools > Model Organizer. 167) Modifying logical areas and object type categories To modify logical areas or object type categories. c Click New Section. In the model.. Create object type categories. a Right-click Logical Areas. d Click New Story. do any of the following: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 169 . 2. create a separate view or selection filter for each group of parts. You can also create subtypes for object types.. In Model Organizer. right-click the object type category and select Add Selected to Category . select the objects you want to add to an object type category..

Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to move. 1. To show all objects again. 1. Drag the objects to another category. Select the objects in the model. right-click the category and select Redraw View. Select the new area in the model. See also Organizing the model (p. 2. 2. right-click the category and select Redraw View. The logical area or objects belonging to the selected object type category are highlighted in the model. Right-click and select Remove from Category. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the objects you want to remove. 2. 3. do any of the following: To View a logical area or objects belonging to an object type category View more than one logical area or object type category at a time View only the objects belonging the selected category Hide the objects belonging to the selected category Do this Select the logical area or the object type category. Move categories Add objects Move objects Remove objects 1. 167) 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 1. 2. Drag the category to another location. 1. Select the object type category in Model Organizer. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Hide. View the classification information of an object Right-click the object in the model and select Model Classification > Show Related Classification or in Model Organizer select an object and click . Select the object type category in Model Organizer. 167) Viewing logical areas and object type categories To view logical areas and object type categories in the model. To show all objects again. Right-click the area name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. See also Organizing the model (p. Right-click a logical area or an object type category and select Show Only Selected. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key and select the logical areas and object type categories you want to view. Select the object type category in Model Organizer.To Rename logical areas and object type categories Redefine a logical area Do this Right-click the name in Model Organizer and select Rename. Right-click the category name in Model Organizer and select Add Selected to Category. 3.

The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object. for example. 4. 171) Custom phase properties (p. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. See also Click Tools > Model Organizer. Right-click and select Delete. Click OK to save your changes. a To identify the phase of an object.2 Phases Use phases to break up a model into sections. and copy objects from other models.. select a phase from the list. From now on. Organizing the model (p. etc. Click Add to create new phases. 171) Custom phase properties You can add custom phase properties. Select a category under Logical Areas or Object Types. Click OK to confirm. See also To change the phase of one or more objects. hide objects. 3. Phases are often used to indicate erection sequences.). you might have a large project which several users work on simultaneously in single-user mode. This is phase 1. Divide the model into phases. 4. select an object and click Phases by objects. For example. according to their phase number. Each user then works on a separate part of the building.. See also Dividing the model into phases (p. You can create reports and views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 171 . the columns. Click Tools > Phase Manager.. 2. 3. you can copy it back to the basic model as a separate phase (phase 2.. which will appear as extra columns in the Phase Manager dialog box. When a part of the model is completed. select the objects. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase.Deleting logical areas and object type categories To delete a logical area or an object type category using Model Organizer: 1. 167) 7... and then click Modify phase. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. You then copy this basic model to all users. c Phases (p. 3. 171) Dividing the model into phases To divide a model into phases: 1. 2. The Phase Manager dialog box appears. First create a basic model that includes. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. 5.

To use phase properties in reports and templates. If you click Yes. To create a new sequence: 1. 3.3 Sequences Use the Sequencer tool to name sequences and assign incremental numbers to parts.0") 2. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. c Save the file. Use exactly the same name as in the objects. Tekla Structures gives the next available number to the part. you can define the order in which to erect parts by creating erection sequences. If you want to view and modify the sequence number afterwards. "My Info 1". Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box. The first part gets the sequence number 1. the second part number 2. You can define several sequences for different purposes. To finish adding parts to the sequence. If you select a part that has already been included in the sequence. b In the Part attributes section. Type a name for the sequence. Creating a sequence (p. For example. Select the parts you want to include in the sequence. you must first create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. "0. use the syntax PHASE. For example: attribute("MY_INFO_1". 5. 173) Modifying the sequence number of a part (p.inp file. "0. Create a user-defined attribute to which you assign sequence numbers. Tekla Structures asks if you want to override the existing number.inp file. For example. no. d Restart Tekla Structures. 172) Adding parts to a sequence (p.Define the names of phase properties in the objects. "%d". See also Phases (p. and the field_format must be %d. The value_type must be integer.ATTRIBUTE_NAME in the phase property field name.0". add a new user-defined attribute. 173) Deleting a sequence (p. none.inp file in any standard text editor. and a part can belong to several sequences at the same time. and so on. Sequencer works by assigning a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. 173) Checking the sequence of a part (p. The sequence name that you enter in the Sequencer Properties dialog box is the name of the userdefined attribute defined in the objects. MY_INFO_1. integer. Limitations See also Sequencer does not work for objects that are inside a reference model.inp file. a Open the objects. 6. Click Apply. 4. 173) Creating a sequence Use the Sequencer tool to assign sequence numbers to parts. 171) 7. 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

The current sequence number is displayed next to the user-defined attribute to which you assigned the sequence number. The sequence name and number are displayed under More. Click OK or Apply. Click Modify. Select the parts you want to add to the sequence. 2. 172) Checking the sequence of a part You can check the sequence name and number of a part by using the Inquire tool. Click Tools > Sequencer. 172) Modifying the sequence number of a part Before you start. For example: See also Sequences (p. To check the sequence of a part: 1. Select a part.. 5.. For example. MY_INFO_1. Click User-defined attributes.See also Sequences (p. Modify the sequence number... Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 3. Click Tools > Sequencer to display the Sequencer Properties dialog box.. assign a sequence number to a user-defined attribute of a part. You cannot add new parts to a sequence. 172) Deleting a sequence To delete a sequence: 1. 2. 2. To finish adding parts to the sequence. 172) Adding parts to a sequence To add parts to an existing sequence: 1. See also Sequences (p. 3. Click Tools > Inquire > Object. Tekla Structures displays the properties of the part. 4. See also Sequences (p. Select a sequence name from the list. you must redefine the whole sequence. To modify the sequence number of a part: 1. 4. click Edit > Interrupt or press Esc. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 173 . If the sequence changes. unless the new part is at the end of the sequence.

2. Type a name in the field at the bottom of the dialog box. 4. For most model parts. 5. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. remember that the concrete is transported in a volumetric container (for example. Type a lot number in the Number field. 172) 7. See also Select a sequence name from the list.4 Lotting With lots you can group assemblies for transporting to site. in a ten-cubic-yard truck). With this information. and material of the part. For example. you can calculate how many concrete truck deliveries are needed to pour the footings or slabs for a specific portion of the model. Lotting means that you evaluate specific model parts with respect to the number of units that can be carried by a transfer vehicle. 175) Deleting a lot (p.. right-click the part and then select Inquire > Part or Properties. Type the maximum weight of the lot in the Max weight field. you can load each part of the model onto a specific truck based on the erection sequence of the part. Click Add. if you are using cast-in-place concrete. In that case.. Tekla Structures creates an empty lot with the defined properties.. However. 3. 172) Creating a lot To create a lot: 1. 6. because a lot cannot exceed the maximum total load capacity. you must calculate the weight-carrying capacity of the concrete vehicle before defining the number of lots. the weight is based on the size. 174) Adding parts to a lot (p. Sequences (p..2. For example. The basic lotting process is the same for steel and concrete parts. You can use lotting in conjunction with the Sequencer tool. Click Delete and then click Yes. See also Lotting (p. Click Properties. it is easier to determine area requirements and create an erection schedule. See also Creating a lot (p. to display the Lot Properties dialog box. 174) 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . When you define lots. 175) Sequences (p. 3. To view the properties of a part. length. 175) Removing parts from a lot (p. you must take into account the load-carrying capacity of the vehicle. You can calculate truck load sizes based on material weights and model quantities.

When you hold down Shift. you must select each part of the model and assign them to a lot until the total load weight of the lot reaches the specified target. 3. Click Delete.Adding parts to a lot After you have created the needed lots. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. you will overwrite the contents of the lot. Select an existing lot from the list. Hold down Ctrl and select the parts you want to remove from the lot. Tekla Structures displays a warning message if the weight limit of the lot is exceeded. Select an existing lot from the list. Tekla Structures highlights the parts included in the lot. 174) Deleting a lot To delete a lot: 1. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 3. the Applied values include the weight and number of the parts you added. 3. 2. 4. Always use the Shift key when adding parts to an existing lot. Select an existing lot from the list. Click OK to close the dialog box. Tekla Structures deselects the parts. When you re-open the dialog box. To add parts to a lot: 1. Click Apply selected. If you simply select parts. Lotting (p. Hold down Shift and select the parts that you want to add to the lot. The weight and number of the added parts is displayed under Current values. Click Apply selected. 2. you cannot select parts that already belong to another lot. Click Properties. 5.. 174) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 175 . 5. 2. Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 4. Lotting (p. See also Lotting (p. Click OK to close the dialog box. See also Click Tools > Lotting to display the Lotting dialog box. 4.. 174) Removing parts from a lot To remove parts from a lot: 1. The total weight of the lot and the number of assemblies it contains are displayed under Applied values.

176) Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures These are the parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures: HIh-s-t*b (symmetric) HIh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 PHIh1-h2-s-t*b (symmetric) PHIh1-h2-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 BLLh*b*t BLZh*b*t 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . so that when you move the wall. • See also Defining variables Creating distance variables Creating reference distances Parametric profiles available in Tekla Structures (p. or relationships.5 Parametric modeling Tekla Structures models are parametric.7. you might create a dependency that offsets a column a fixed distance from a plane on a wall. including its geometry. such as the name of a column. the column follows. such as a beam or column. which means that each model object has parameters that define various properties. between model objects. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the model object. Variables can define fixed properties. They can also include formulas. so the properties of one model object adjust if you change the related model object. For example. location and relationship to other parts. You can use these parameters to: • Create variables that define the properties of the model object. Create dependencies.

BLUh*b*t PLh*b h=height b=thickness (smaller=b) Dd ELDd1*r1*d2*r2 PDd*t EPDd1*r1*d2*r2*t Ph*t Ph*b*t Ph1*b-h2*b*t TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 177 .

HKh-s-t*b-c (symmetric) HKh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2 (centered) HQh-s-t1*b1-t2*b2-c ZZh-t-e-b (symmetric) ZZh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CCh-t-e-b (symmetric) CCh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2 CWh-t-e-b-f-h1 CUh-t-h1-b-e (symmetric) CUh-t-h1-b1-h2-b2/e EBh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) EBh-t-e1-b1-e2-b2-a Reference points:1=right 2=left 3=top 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

BFh-s-b-h1 SPDd*t SPDd1-d2*t ECh-t-e-b-a (symmetric) ECh-t-e1-b1-e1-b1-a EDh-t-b-e-h1-h2-f1-f2-a EEh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EFh-t-e-b1-b2-f1-f2/h1-a TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 179 .

EZh-t-e-b-f1-f3-h1-f2-a EWh-t-e-b-b-f1-f2-h2-h1-a RCDLs*h-d*t (symmetric) RCDLs*h-d*t1*t2 RCXXs*h-b*t*h1-h2-ex RCLs*h-b*t RCDXs*h-b*h2*h1 (symmetric) RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1 RCDXs*h-b*h4*h3*h2*h1-ex RCXs*h-b*h2*h1 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

. Tekla Structures opens the cross section sketch editor. the Sketch Browser. 198) Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. and how to use them in a model. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 2. 201) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 181) Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 198) Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 204) Opening the cross section sketch editor Use the cross section sketch editor to create and modify your own profile cross sections. Click Modeling > Profiles > Define Cross Section in Sketch Editor. Open a Tekla Structures model. 190) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.. 176) Parametric profiles (p. 193) Checking a sketched cross section (p. To open the cross section sketch editor: 1. 186) Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p.6 Sketched cross sections This section explains how to create and modify your own cross sections. Contents Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. The cross sections you create using the cross section sketch editor can be parametric or fixed. 53) 7.See also Parametric modeling (p. You can change the dimensions of parametric cross sections each time you use them in a model. 202) Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section (p. 197) Saving a sketched cross section (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 181 .. and the Variables dialog box.

182 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and vice versa. The Sketch Browser automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. arcs. circles. and chamfers) of a cross section sketch in a hierarchical. constraints. 182) Variables (p. dimensions. Tekla Structures highlights the object in the Sketch Browser. When you click an object in the cross section sketch editor. tree-like structure.See also Sketch Browser (p. 183) Sketch Browser The Sketch Browser shows the objects (lines.

Lines. 1. The Variables dialog box automatically opens when you open the cross section sketch editor. arcs. and circles Constraints Distances and dimensions and their values Chamfers and their type (0=None.The Sketch Browser displays the following information about a cross section: • • • • • See also Extrusion type (0. 181) Cross section extrusion types (p. 105) Variables Use the Variables dialog box to define the properties of a sketched cross section.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 183 . 7=Line and arc) and dimensions. or they can include formulas.. 200) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. or 2) and thickness of the sketch. Variables can define fixed properties. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. so that Tekla Structures calculates the property value each time you use the profile in a model. 1=Line .

arcs. start by sketching the outline and the holes of the cross section using lines.See also Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints between the line segments and displays a chamfer symbol where line segments meet. 185) Sketching a circle (p. Ensure that you create a closed shape. 181) Defining variables Display variables Sketching the outline of a cross section When you create a new cross section. unless you are creating a cross section of a consistent thickness. 184) Sketching an arc (p. 4. To sketch a polyline: 1. 2. Pick points to create each line segment. Click the middle mouse button to create the polyline. 184 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and circles. Open the cross section sketch editor. See also Sketching a polyline (p. such as a cold rolled section. Click the Sketch polyline icon: 3. The maximum number of points in a sketched cross section is 100. 185) Sketching a polyline You can create line segments in the cross section sketch editor by picking points.

Click the Sketch circle icon: 3. Pick a point to indicate the center of the circle (1). Open the cross section sketch editor. Click the Sketch arc icon: 3. Open the cross section sketch editor. 184) Sketching a circle You can create a circle in the cross section sketch editor by picking two points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 185 . 2. 184) Sketching an arc You can create an arc in the cross section sketch editor by picking three points. To sketch an arc: 1. See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 2. Pick a point to indicate the radius of the circle (2). Pick three points to define the arc. To sketch a circle: 1.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. 4.

create 90 degree angles. For example. To straighten the entire profile. 186 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 187) Adding a fixed constraint (p. use constraints to refine your sketch and lock the shape. 3. Click the Parallel constraint icon: 2. 184) Refining the shape of a sketched cross section After you have sketched the outline of a cross section. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 189) Adding a parallel constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to be parallel to each other. See also Adding a parallel constraint (p. 188) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. 189) Deleting a constraint (p. use horizontal and vertical constraints in conjunction with other constraints.See also Sketching the outline of a cross section (p. you can still rotate the profile in the model. you can straighten lines. Select another line in the sketch (2). 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint (p. Before you start. close the shape. 187) Adding a coincident constraint (p. 188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. Select a line in the sketch (1). Although the shape is locked. and add chamfers in corners. To add a parallel constraint: 1. force lines to meet.

Before you start. by extending or shortening one or both lines. Select a line in the sketch (1). 3.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a coincident constraint: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 187 . Between the start of the first line segment and the end of the last line segment in a shape. The lines do not have to intersect. The lines do not have to intersect. 186) Adding a coincident constraint You can force two lines in a sketched cross section to start or end at the same point. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select another line in the sketch (2). Tekla Structures automatically creates coincident constraints: • • • Where two lines meet. Before you start. To add a perpendicular constraint: 1. if they are within a certain distance of each other. Click the Perpendicular constraint icon: 2. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. 186) Adding a perpendicular constraint You can force a line in a sketched cross section to be at a 90 degree angle to another line you select. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Between line segments when you draw them with the Sketch polyline tool.

Before you start. Pick the end of the first line (1). 2. Ensure that the Snap to end points Click the Coincident constraint icon: snap switch is active. 4. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. To add a horizontal constraint: 1. (2) See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.1. Click the Horizontal constraint icon: 2. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Pick the end of the second line. See also Select a line in the sketch. 186) Adding a fixed constraint You can lock the position and angle of a line in a sketched cross section so that other constraints do not affect it. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click the Fixed constraint icon: 2. Tekla Structures automatically creates horizontal constraints when you create lines that are nearly horizontal. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Before you start. To add a fixed constraint: 1. 186) Adding a horizontal constraint Use horizontal constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local x axis. 3. 188 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . 2).

Tekla Structures automatically creates vertical constraints when you create lines that are nearly vertical. 2. Select the constraint you want to delete. 4. Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Before you start. 3. 186) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 189 . See also Click to open the Sketch Browser.See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 186) Adding a vertical constraint Use vertical constraints to force a line in a sketched cross section to be parallel to the local y axis. To add a vertical constraint: 1. Click Refresh. Select the lines you want to straighten (1. Click the Vertical constraint icon: 2. 2). 186) Deleting a constraint To delete a constraint from a sketched cross section: 1. See also Refining the shape of a sketched cross section (p.

Click the Sketch radial dimension icon: 2. if you create the dimension marked in red. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. 192) Deleting a dimension from a sketch (p. 191) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch (p. the dimension b1 will no longer work: See also Adding a radial dimension to a sketch (p. Before you start. Tekla Structures also adds the dimensions you create to the list of variables that you can use in calculations. To add a radial dimension: 1. Do not create too many dimensions in a sketch. use dimensions to make different distances in the cross section parametric. 193) Adding a radial dimension to a sketch You can create a radial dimension for an arc or a circle in a sketched cross section. or the dimensions will not be able to adjust when the values are changed. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch (p. 190 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . In the following example. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. Select the arc or circle.Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section After you have sketched a cross section. You can use these dimensions to define the size of the profile cross section when you use it in a model. 191) Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p.

between two points you pick. 190) Adding a dimension between two points in a sketch You can add a dimension to a sketched cross section. 3. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. scroll with the mouse wheel to zoom in. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 191 . See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Before you start. If you are unable to see the angle symbol. Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). To add a dimension between two points in a sketch: 1. 190) Adding an angle dimension to a sketch You can create an angle dimension between two lines in a sketched cross section. Click the Sketch free dimension icon: 2. 3. Select the first line (1). Before you start. To add an angle dimension: 1. Click the Sketch angle dimension icon: 2. sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Select the second line (2). The angle is calculated anti-clockwise from the first line you select.

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch
You can add a horizontal dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a horizontal dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch horizontal dimension icon:

2. 3. 4.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2). Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch
You can add a vertical dimension to a sketched cross section, between two points you pick. Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To add a vertical dimension to a sketch: 1. Click the Sketch vertical dimension icon:

2. 3.

Pick a point to indicate the starting point of the dimension (1). Pick a point to indicate the end point of the dimension (2).

192

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4.

Pick a point to indicate the location of the dimension lines and text.

See also

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Deleting a dimension from a sketch
To delete a dimension from a sketched cross section: 1. 2.
See also

Select the dimension you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.

Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. 190)

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section
When you sketch a cross section, you can define positioning planes for it. With positioning planes you can determine the planes Tekla Structures will use for positioning parts and components.
See also

Part positioning planes (p. 193) Connection positioning planes (p. 194) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning planes (p. 195) Moving positioning plane handles (p. 196) Reverting to default positioning planes (p. 197)

Part positioning planes
With part positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions parts that have a sketched profile cross section. These planes are used for the On plane and At depth settings for parts, and also when placing custom components that are bound to boundary planes. The part positioning planes are displayed in blue:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

193

The On plane options Left and Right are set according to the vertical blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them. The same principle applies to the At depth setting: the Front and Behind options are set according to the horizontal blue planes, and the Middle option is halfway between them.

Example

You can define part positioning planes so that an asymmetric cross section will be positioned according to its web only. In the following example, the Middle option is illustrated in gray dotted lines:

Middle option See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Connection positioning planes
With connection positioning planes you can determine how Tekla Structures positions components in relation to the component main part that has a sketched profile cross section.

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The connection positioning planes are displayed in green:

Example

The following image shows the default connection positioning planes of a double tee slab that was created as a sketched cross section. The green line illustrates the default connection positioning planes.

To place connections according to the location of the stems of the double tee, move the connection positioning planes as shown below.

See also

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Showing and hiding positioning planes
Before you start, sketch the shape of the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. To show or hide the positioning planes, do one of the following:

To Show or hide the part positioning planes Show or hide the connection positioning planes
See also

Do this Click Click . .

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193)

Moving positioning planes
To move positioning planes:

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

195

1. 2. 3.

Display the positioning planes you want to move. Select the positioning planes. Select one of the positioning plane handles. The same handle controls both the vertical and horizontal plane, so you can move them both at the same time.

4. 5.
See also

Right-click and select a Move command from the pop-up menu. Move the planes like any other object in Tekla Structures.

Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 193) Showing and hiding positioning planes (p. 195) Moving an object

Moving positioning plane handles
You can move the handles of each positioning plane. If you move the handles away from the outmost corners of the sketched cross section, you must bind them by adding a dimension to each handle. Otherwise the positioning will not function correctly in the model. To move the positioning plane handles: 1. Click the positioning plane to display the handles. The handles are displayed in pink. By default, the handles are at the outmost corners of the sketched cross section. For example:

2. 3.

4.
Example

Click a handle to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example: a Right-click and select Move. b Pick the origin for moving. c Pick a destination point. If the handle is not at the outmost corner of the cross section, add a dimension between the handle and the corner.

In the following examples, the left handle of the positioning plane has been bound by using a horizontal dimension (b1):

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling

4. Select the connection positioning planes. 193) Reverting to default positioning planes You can revert back to the default positioning planes of a sketched cross section if you have moved the planes. do one of the following: To Revert to the default part positioning planes Do this 1. Click Modify. 193) Checking a sketched cross section To check that the constraints and dimensions in a sketched cross section work correctly: 1. 2. 3. Click to show the connection positioning planes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 197 . See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. 3. 2. To revert to the default positioning planes. Double-click a dimension line to open the Distance Properties dialog box. 3. 4. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures updates the cross section in the cross section sketch editor. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. Select the part positioning planes. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu.See also Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p. Click again to check that the planes have reverted back to the default. 2. Revert to the default connection positioning planes 1. Click to show the part positioning planes. Change the Value field.

202) Modifying a sketched cross section You can modify existing cross section sketches. Sketched cross sections are saved in the xslib. special characters. Lower case letters are automatically converted into upper case letters. Click Save sketch as . Save a copy of the cross section under a different name 1.bin file. 2. Update an existing cross section 1. which is a library file that contains custom components and sketches. Click Cancel to close the Distance Properties dialog box. Click Save sketch . 198 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and then click OK. by modifying chamfers or dimensions. do one of the following: To Save a new cross section Do this 1. 2. To save a sketched cross section. Click Save sketch .4. Click Yes when prompted to update the existing cross section. 190) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. The chamfers are moved automatically when you move the handles. Using sketched cross sections in a model (p. The sketched cross sections are available in the Others section in the profile catalog. Type a new name in the Prefix field. for example. You can also move corners or holes by moving the handles. 201) Saving a sketched cross section Tekla Structures saves the cross section in the current model folder. and then click OK. See also Adding dimensions to a sketched cross section (p. Ordinary profiles are saved in the profdb. You cannot include numbers.db1 file. Type a name in the Prefix field. or blank spaces in the cross section name. See also Check that the shape of the profile does not change and that the dimensions adjust correctly. 2. 5. Note the following limitations when naming cross sections: • • • You cannot use the name of a standard profile.

5. Modify the object properties. 5. 3. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Constraints may also prevent you from changing dimensions. See also next to their name. The thickness can be either fixed or parametric. Close the object properties dialog box. 7. Click OK to close the dialog box. Sketched cross sections have the symbol 3. 198) Corner chamfer types and dimensions (p. 105) Setting the sketch thickness If you have sketched an open shape. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p. To modify a sketched cross section: 1.. Click Modify. you must define the extrusion type and thickness of the sketch in the Sketch Browser.. For example. To modify a chamfer: 1. In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Double-click a cross section to open it in the cross section sketch editor. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 199 . The sketch objects you can modify appear in yellow. such as a cold rolled section. 6. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. Double-click an object to modify its properties. 2. 2. Click Modeling > Profiles > Edit Cross Section in Sketch Editor. The Component Catalog dialog box opens. Click Modify in the object properties dialog box. 4. 199) Setting the sketch thickness (p. See also Double-click a chamfer symbol in the cross section sketch editor.• • You cannot change dimensions that have been calculated using formulas in the Variables dialog box. 4. Modifying a sketched cross section (p. change the shape and dimensions of the chamfer. 199) Modifying chamfers in a sketch You can change the shape and dimensions of chamfers in a sketched cross section. you can create rounded cross section corners.

1. add a new parameter variable for Length (for example. define the default value for the parameter variable. You must define the extrusion type for cross sections that consist of an open polyline. the profile grows inwards. Click the Save sketch as icon to save the changes. or 2) after =. The extrusion types are: 200 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . P1) after =. • To define a parametric thickness: a b c d In the Variables dialog box. P1). right-click Extrusion Type and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. 3.To set the thickness of a sketch: 1. b Type the extrusion type number (0. depending on the extrusion type. 4. In the cross section sketch editor. 2. sketch an open polyline. 198) Cross section extrusion types (p. Type the value of the thickness after =. Do one of the following: • To set a fixed thickness: a b In the Sketch Browser. In the Sketch Browser. 200) Cross section extrusion types The extrusion type defines how a cross section of a consistent thickness is extruded. In the Formula column. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. To define the extrusion type: a In the Sketch Browser. outwards. When you change the thickness. right-click Thickness and select Add Equation from the pop-up menu. Type the name of the parameter variable (for example. or symmetrically in both directions. See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p.

• 3. 201) Creating an image of a sketched cross section To illustrate the shape and dimensions of your profile cross section. the shape of the profile will be maintained when you change its dimensions. If you have applied constraints correctly. See also For concrete parts. Optional: If the cross section is parametric. you can create an image of the cross section you have sketched. Click OK to apply the changes. (Default) Image 1 The sketch is extruded to the outside of the polyline. 5. button next to the Profile field. 4.. 2. define its dimensions in the Value column on the General tab. To use a sketched cross section for a new part in a model: 1. See also Setting the sketch thickness (p. • For steel parts. Double-click a toolbar button to open the part properties dialog box. 199) Using sketched cross sections in a model Once you have created a cross section and saved it in the profile catalog. 2 The sketch is extruded to the inside of the polyline. 6. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree.Type 0 Description The sketch is extruded symmetrically to the outside and inside of the polyline. Select a profile with the sketched cross section. 7.. Tekla Structures displays the image when you browse for sketched profiles in the profile catalog. Open the Select Profile dialog box. click the button next to the Shape field. Creating an image of a sketched cross section (p. you are ready to use it in the model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 201 . Pick points to place the part in the model. click the Select.

for example. 124) Saving a screenshot in bitmap format (p. 201) Creating a screenshot (p. and then import the file into another Tekla Structures model. Tekla Structures saves the screenshot in the .\Tekla Structures\<version>\nt\bitmaps folder.bmp. 4. See also Using sketched cross sections in a model (p.. Open the screenshot in any graphics editor (for example. 203) Exporting sketched cross sections (p. Click the sketch to ensure it is the active view. 3.. Press F12 on your keyboard to take a screenshot of the sketch without the borders. 203) 202 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . To create an image of a sketched cross section using a screenshot: 1.The image must be in Windows bitmap format (*. for example Microsoft Paint. mysketch. Use the Component Catalog to import and export sketched cross sections. You can also take a screenshot of your cross section in the cross section sketch editor and use that image. you have to export the cross section to a file (*. 125) Importing and exporting sketched cross sections To use a sketched cross section in other Tekla Structures models.uel). Open the cross section sketch editor. They have the following symbols and numbers in the Component Catalog: See also Importing sketched cross sections (p. 2. Use the cross section name as the filename. Microsoft Paint) and modify the image if necessary.\TeklaStructuresModels\<model>\snapshots folder. 5. Save the image in bmp format in the .bmp) and can be created with any bitmap editor.

3.uel files from a folder when creating a new model. from the pop-up menu. hold down the Ctrl key when selecting. you need to import both the cross section and profile.. 5. Open the Tekla Structures model you want to import to. browse for the folder which contains the exported file (*. To use profiles from a model.. Click OK.. To export several cross sections.Importing sketched cross sections After you have exported sketched cross sections to a file. Right-click and select Export. 5. 3.bin file. Optional: To save the export file to a specific location. 202) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 203 . 6. Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. 2. 7. To automatically import all *. 7. or copy the profdb. In the Export Components dialog box. See also Importing and exporting sketched cross sections (p. See also Open the Tekla Structures model you want to export from. In the component list. enter a name for the export file in the Selection box. 4. right-click and select Import. you can import the cross sections to another Tekla Structures model. By default. Select the file to import. If you have created a profile using a sketched cross section and want to use the profile in another model. Tekla Structures lists all the sketched cross sections available in the current model. use the advanced option XS_UEL_IMPORT_FOLDER.. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog. 202) Exporting the profile catalog Exporting elements from the profile catalog Exporting sketched cross sections To export sketched cross sections: 1. browse for the folder. 6.uel). Click OK. 2. select Sketched profiles from the list box. To import sketched cross sections: 1. from the pop-up menu. 8. Optional: To view the sketched cross sections and profiles already available in the current model. Tekla Structures saves the export file in the current model folder. In the Import Components dialog box. Select the cross sections you want to export. 4. Select Sketched profiles from the list. you can either export and then import the entire profile catalog or a part of it. Press Ctrl+F to open the Component Catalog.

Open the cross section sketch editor. 204) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section (p. After that. 207) Example: Using the cross section in a model (p. the cross section does not have to be symmetric or have the right dimensions. At this stage. See also Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section (p. 206) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section (p. you will first sketch a C-shaped cross section and add dimensions to it. 208) Example: Sketching a C-shaped cross section To sketch the outline of a C-shaped cross section: 1. you will set the cross section thickness and modify the chamfers. 2. You will create a symmetric C-shaped cross section with the dimensions b1 = b2 and h2 = h3. you can change the following dimensions: • • • • • Width (b1) Total height (h1) Height (h2) Thickness (P1) Chamfers (P2) In the following example. When you use the profile in the model. 205) Example: Setting the cross section thickness (p. you will use the cross section in a model. 204 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . Use the Sketch polyline command to create a rough C-shaped cross section. Finally.Example: Creating a symmetric C-shaped cross section This example shows how to create a cross section using variables.

188) Adding a vertical constraint (p. 4. Opening the cross section sketch editor (p. 181) Sketching a polyline (p. Use the Sketch horizontal dimension b2. See also Save the cross section and name it CSHAPE. 184) Adding a horizontal constraint (p. command to create the distances b1 and TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 205 . 198) Example: Adding dimensions to the cross section To add dimensions to the cross section: 1.3. 189) Saving a sketched cross section (p. Straighten the lines using the Add horizontal constraint constraint and Add vertical commands.

2. h2. h1. command to create the distances h1. Save the cross section. In the Variables dialog box. Use the Sketch vertical dimension h3. 5. 192) Adding a vertical dimension to a sketch (p. 183) Example: Setting the cross section thickness To set the cross section thickness: 206 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling . and 3. 192) Saving a sketched cross section (p. and h2. See also Ensure that Visibility is set to Show for the distances b1. enter the following values for the distances: 4. 198) Variables (p. Adding a horizontal dimension to a sketch (p.

enter Chamfer. See also Save the cross section. d In the Label in dialog box box.1. c In the Visiblity box. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. 3. enter Thickness. In the Variables dialog box. d In the Label in dialog box box. b In the Formula box. and then enter =P1. b In the Formula box. 3.00. and then enter =2 to get the sketch extruded to the inside of the polyline. c In the Visiblity box. Double-click one of the cross section chamfers.00. c Repeat steps a–b for all the cross section chamfers. enter 20. In the Sketch Browser. select Show. select Show. 182) Cross section extrusion types (p. a Change the chamfer type to Line b Click Modify. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P2. 2. select Add equation from the pop-up menu. b Right-click ExtrusionType. do the following: . 200) Saving a sketched cross section (p. enter 10. 183) Sketch Browser (p. In the Variables dialog box. set the cross section thickness using the parameter variable P1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 207 . In the Chamfer Properties dialog box. 198) Example: Modifying the chamfers of the cross section To modify the chamfers of the cross section: 1. do the following: a Click Add to add a parameter variable P1. Variables (p. 2. a Right-click Thickness.

select Add equation from the pop-up menu. For concrete parts.4. 198) Example: Using the cross section in a model To use the cross section in a model: 1. Double-click a toolbar button open the part properties dialog box. d Repeat steps a–d for all the cross section chamfers. • For steel parts. Open the Select Profile dialog box. button next to the Profile field. do the following: a Double-click Chamfer constraint to open the chamfer properties. Click OK to apply the changes.. 4. • 3. Pick points to place the part in the model. 183) Sketch Browser (p. c Enter the same value for Chamfer Y. 208 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .. click the Select. and then enter =P2. In the Sketch Browser. 199) Variables (p. click the button next to the Shape field. and select the CSHAPE profile. b Right-click Chamfer X. Open the Others branch at the end of the profile tree. See also Save the cross section. Optional: Modify the dimensions of the cross section profile on the General tab. 5. 6. 5. 182) Saving a sketched cross section (p. 2. Modifying chamfers in a sketch (p.

198) Defining positioning planes for a sketched cross section (p.See also Modifying a sketched cross section (p. 193) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling 209 .

210 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Advanced Modeling .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 211 . 214) Screenshot settings (p. 211) Grid line properties (p. 214) Grid properties Use the Grid dialog box to view and modify the grid properties.1 General settings This section provides more information about some general modeling settings. See also Grid properties (p. 212) Rotation settings (p. 215) Part properties (p. 233) 8. 217) Detail properties (p. 213) Color settings (p. 213) Transparency settings (p. 212) Point properties (p.8 Modeling Settings This section provides more information about the various settings you can modify in Tekla Structures. 227) Numbering settings (p. Contents • • • • • General settings (p. 211) View settings (p.

Option Phase The phase number. Select to make the grid line visible in drawings. 32) Point properties Use the Point Information dialog box to view and modify the properties of a point. Select to bind objects to grid lines. 29) Grid line properties Use the Grid Line Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a single grid line...grid lines horizontal to the work plane Z . Visible in drawings Grid line automatic dimensioning See also The name of the grid line.grid lines vertical to the work plane Y .Option Coordinates The coordinates of the grid in the global x. y. z is absolute). Select to bind objects to the grid line. The height of the grid plane perpendicular to the view plane. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/Below and Right/Above. Select to use single grid lines in grid dimensioning. Define how far the grid lines extend in the directions Left/ Below and Right/Above. and z directions. and z directions (x and y are relative. Grid lines (p. Option Label Depth in view plane Extension Left/Below Extension Right/Above Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes. You can filter objects by their phase numbers. 212 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . • • • Labels Line extensions Origin Magnetic grid plane User-defined attributes.. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid line. Grids (p. The coordinates of the grid origin in the global x. See also X .elevations in the structure The names of the grid lines. Click to access the user-defined properties of the grid.. y.

Option As is The current color is used. The rotation angle between the original and new position. See also Rotating objects Color settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the color of object groups. y. The difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. and z coordinates of a point. All parts are colored according to their Class property. If the object belongs to one of the object groups defined in the following rows. Defines the number of copies created. The local (work plane) and global x. Option X0 Y0 Origin angle Number of copies dZ Rotation angle Around The x and y coordinates of the starting point of the rotation axis. Parts belonging to different phases get different colors. You can filter objects by their ID numbers. Defines whether the rotation axis is a line on the work plane or in the z direction. See also Object representation settings (p. which is used in log files.Rotate dialog boxes to view and modify the settings that are used when you rotate objects in Tekla Structures. Parts belonging to different lots get different colors. Displays parts in different colors according to the values of a user-defined attribute. Indicates the correct location of the point. Colors Color by class Color by lot Color by phase Color by analysis type Color by analysis utility check Color by attribute Select color from the list. 133) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 213 . Displays parts according to the utilization ratio in analysis. The angle of the rotation axis when rotating around a line on the work plane.Option Id The ID number. 42) Rotation settings Use the Copy . Displays parts according to the member analysis type. Coordinates See also Points (p. its color is defined by the settings that the object group in question has on that row.Rotate and Move .

the settings will be read from that object group. Saves the screenshot to a file. Object is transparent in rendered views. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. The following screenshot options are only available in rendered views: Option Final width The width of the screenshot.Transparency settings Use the Object Representation dialog box to define the transparency of object groups. The pixel density (DPI) of the screenshot. Option View name View View without borders Rendered view Place on clipboard Print to file Shows the selected view name. You can change the DPI using a graphics editor. There are limitations to pixel density. Includes only the view content in the screenshot. The height of the screenshot. For high resolution screenshots from rendered views. Object is not shown in the views. If the object belongs to any object group whose visibility and color settings have been defined.. Object representation settings (p. The Options. Final height DPI White background Smooth lines Line width Uses white background. 214 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Option As is The current visibility. Sets the line width.. 133) Screenshot settings Use the Screenshot dialog box to view and modify the screenshot settings. Visible 50% transparent 70% transparent 90% transparent Hidden See also Object is shown in the views. Includes the view content and window borders in the screenshot. Uses the same unit as other dimensions in modeling. Uses smooth lines to decrease jagged edges. button displays the Screenshot Options dialog box. Places the screenshot on the clipboard.

See also Creating a screenshot (p.. Opens the Object Group .2 View settings This section provides more information about specific view settings. rotate the model.View Filter dialog box for creating and modifying object groups. Whether the view angle is Plane or 3D. Opens the Display dialog box for defining which objects are displayed in the view and how.. In addition. 216) View properties Use the View Properties dialog box to view and modify the view properties. The thickness of the displayed slice of model. When you zoom. Rotation is view-specific. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 215 . See also View properties (p. Which object group is displayed in the view. Visible object group Object group. See also Views (p. Opens the Object Representation dialog box for defining color and transparency settings. 215) Grid view properties (p. or fly through it. 124) 8. You can zoom. the zoom remains on part surfaces. The color and transparency setting that is used in all views (according to the status of the objects in the model). text and point size remains the same. 33) Grid view properties Use the Creation of Views Along Grid Lines dialog box to view and modify the properties of grid views. You can define the depth separately upwards and downwards from the view plane. Rotation View type Color and transparency in all views Representation. 215) Display settings (p.. The appearance of the model in the view. Option Name Angle Projection The name of the view. View depth How the view is rotated around the z and x axes.. Only objects positioned within the view depth are visible in the model. Perspective: Distant objects appear smaller than close ones.. The projection type of rendered views. as do text and points. Display. Orthogonal: All objects are of equal size (no perspective)..

g. Each view plane has its own view properties. Exact shows bolts. because it increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. Fast uses a rapid drawing technique that displays internal hidden edges. View name prefix The prefix to be used with the grid label in the view name. Option Parts Defines how parts are displayed. Tekla Structures adds a dash and a running number to the view name if view names are otherwise identical. when viewing the entire model. or large parts of it. This name overrides the name in the view properties. but hides the internal hidden lines of parts. Fast displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. See also Creating grid views (p. e. None does not create any views. View properties Defines which view properties (applied or saved) will be used. but skips cuts. One (First) only creates the view closest to the grid origin. 216 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . and nuts as solids. washers.. View names consist of a prefix and a grid label. One (Last) only creates the view furthest from the grid origin. button displays the current view properties. All creates all views in grid planes in the relevant direction. Reference line shows parts as sticks.Option View plane Number of views The plane of the view defined by two axes similarly to the default view. If the View name prefix field is left empty. You can load the properties from the current view properties with the option <applied values> or from saved view properties. 38) Display settings Use the Display dialog box to define which object types Tekla Structures displays and how they appear in the model. This option increases display speed significantly. Some of these settings may affect system performance. Exact displays the cuts.. PLAN +3000. Defines which grid lines the views will be created of. This is the recommended representation mode for bolts. no prefix is used. The Show. Bolts Defines how bolts are displayed.

222) Strip footing properties (p. 225) Concrete panel properties (p. 221) Pad footing properties (p. See also Steel column properties (p. By dragging the sliders you can adjust the zoom distance where objects should be shown as reference lines. See also Defining which objects are displayed (p. 218) Contour plate properties (p. Exact shows holes as solids. Fast only displays the circle in the first plane. This option increases performance significantly when viewing large models.3 Part properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific steel and concrete parts. 219) Orthogonal beam properties (p. AutoStick Defines whether the objects are shown as sticks or as objects. It still lets you zoom in on a small area and display it exactly. even if the hole in that part is not slotted. a slotted hole is displayed on the first part. If there are slotted holes in any of the parts. 223) Concrete column properties (p.Option Holes Defines how holes are displayed. 220) Twin profile properties (p. 218) Steel beam properties (p. You can also change the size of the part handle using this field. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. This option is only available in wire frame views. Holes that are outside a part are always displayed as fast holes in rendered views. 128) 8. Tekla Structures always displays fast holes on the first part (counting from the head of the bolt). Exact long holes only displays slotted holes in exact mode and ordinary holes in fast mode. 226) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 217 . The new slotted hole has the same size and rotation as the first slotted hole (counting from the head of the bolt). 225) Concrete slab properties (p. In view does not increase the point size. 224) Concrete beam properties (p. Point size Defines the size of points in views. When using this option.

The design information of the column. The analysis properties of the column. Creating a steel column (p. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Class Used to group columns.g. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. cambering. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. How the column is rotated around its axis. and to identify parts of the same type. or curved beam. The position of the column. Finish is user-definable. It describes how the part surface has been treated.clm. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. and shortening of the column. etc. e. The horizontal position of the column. The material of the column. The file name extension of a beam properties file is *. with anti-corrosive paint. For example. hot galvanized. 66) Steel beam properties Use the Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel beam. The type of finish. steel polybeam. relative to its reference point. Warping. The support conditions of the column ends. The user-definable name of the column. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. fire retardant coating. The assembly mark series of the column. relative to its reference point. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction. 218 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The file name extension of a column properties file is *.prt. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the column.Steel column properties Use the Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a steel column.

with anti-corrosive paint. The position of a beam. and to identify parts of the same type. Warping. hot galvanized. For example. It describes how the part surface has been treated. cambering. The loading properties of the beam. fire retardant coating. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The plane of curvature and radius of a curved beam. The offsets of beam ends relative to a beam’s reference line. etc. The assembly mark series of the beam. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. The finish type. The design information of the beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of a beam. The file name extension of a contour plate properties file is *.cpl. Creating a steel beam (p. The number of segments Tekla Structures uses when drawing a curved beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Analysis tab Loading tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of a beam. 67) Contour plate properties Use the Contour Plate Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a contour plate.g. The position of a beam on the work plane. The analysis properties of the beam. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. and shortening of the beam. How much a beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Finish is user-definable. Class Used to group beams. e. Profile Material Finish The profile of a beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 219 . The user-definable name of a beam. The material of a beam.

you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The assembly mark series of the contour plate. For example. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the beam. and to identify parts of the same type. perpendicular to the work plane. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. in terms of depth. The assembly mark series of the beam.Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the contour plate. and to identify parts of the same type. Material Finish Class Used to group contour plates. Creating a contour plate (p. hot galvanized. for example PL20. 220 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The user-definable name of the beam. The analysis properties of the contour plate. The user-definable name of the contour plate. The design information of the contour plate. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. It describes how the part surface has been treated.crs. The finish type. The material of the beam. The file name extension of an orthogonal beam properties file is *. The spanning properties of the plate. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Loading tab Spanning tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the contour plate. Finish is user-definable. with anti-corrosive paint. etc. Profile Material The profile of the beam. The position of the contour plate. The loading properties of the plate. e.g. Profile The profile of the contour plate. 68) Orthogonal beam properties Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an orthogonal steel beam. fire retardant coating. The format is PL+ thickness. The material of the contour plate.

etc. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Class Used to group beams. you can display parts of different classes in different colors.dia. Finish is user-definable. e. etc. Profile Material Finish The profile of both the beams in the twin profile. The file name extension of a twin profile properties file is *. with anti-corrosive paint.Option Finish The finish type. relative to its reference point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 221 . User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. hot galvanized. The design information of the beam. The type of finish. Option Part prefix and start number Assembly prefix and start number Name The part mark series of the twin profile. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. fire retardant coating. Creating an orthogonal beam (p. The user-definable name of the twin profile. and to identify parts of the same type. The horizontal position of the beam. The analysis properties of the beam. The assembly mark series of the twin profile. The support conditions of the beam ends. For example.g.g. with anti-corrosive paint. The material of the beams. The position of the beam. fire retardant coating. It describes how the part surface has been treated. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. hot galvanized. The position of the first end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. The position of the second end of the beam in the z direction of the work plane. 69) Twin profile properties Use the Twin Profile Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a twin steel profile. relative to its reference point. How much the beam is rotated around its axis. Finish is user-definable.

Option Class Used to group twin profiles. relative to the beam’s reference line. For example. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Twin profile type Horizontal Vertical Analysis tab Composite tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also User-defined properties of the twin profile. perpendicular to the work plane. hot galvanized. The design information of the twin profile. The vertical position of the pad footing. The analysis properties of the twin profile. and to identify parts of the same type. The vertical clearance between the profiles. For example. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Class Used to group pad footings.g. Profile Material Finish The profile of the pad footing. The support conditions of the twin profile ends. The material of the pad footing. fire retardant coating. relative to its reference point. It describes how the part surface has been treated. 222 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The type of finish. The analysis properties of the slabs in composite constructions. Creating a twin profile (p. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. etc. Option Name The user-definable name of the pad footing. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation User-defined properties of the pad footing. in terms of depth. The file name extension of a pad footing properties file is *. 70) Pad footing properties Use the Pad Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a pad footing. The beam position. The offsets of the ends of the beam. e. The position of the twin profile on the work plane. The horizontal clearance between the profiles. with anti-corrosive paint. Defines how the profiles are combined. Defines how the twin profile is rotated around its axis on the work plane. How much the pad footing is rotated around its axis.cpf. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Finish is user-definable.

Option Name The user-definable name of the strip footing. It describes how the part surface has been treated. e. hot galvanized. The file name extension of a strip footing properties file is *. and to identify parts of the same type. The position of the bottom surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Creating a pad footing (p. The position of the strip footing on the work plane. Finish is user-definable. How much the strip footing is rotated around its axis on the work plane. The material of the strip footing. The type of finish. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 223 . The analysis properties of the strip footing. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The position of the top surface of the pad footing in the global z direction. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. The number of segments required to draw a curved strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the pad footing. with anti-corrosive paint.csf. For example. Indicates whether the footing is precast or cast in place. The position of the strip footing in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. 78) Strip footing properties Use the Strip Footing Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a strip footing. Shape Material Finish The profile of the strip footing. Define the cast unit series of the strip footing. etc. fire retardant coating. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved strip footing. Class Used to group strip footings.g. The offsets of the ends of the strip footing relative to its reference line. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments Analysis tab User-defined properties of the strip footing.Option Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also The horizontal position of the pad footing. relative to its reference point.

The type of finish. Define the cast unit series of the column. The analysis properties of the column. The position of the second end of the column in the global z direction. 78) 224 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The vertical position of the column relative to its reference point. The support conditions of the column ends. hot galvanized. The horizontal position of the column relative to its reference point. How much the column is rotated around its axis. Indicates whether the column is precast or cast in place. etc. For example. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. 78) Concrete column properties Use the Concrete Column Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete column. The design information of the column. and to identify parts of the same type. fire retardant coating. Finish is user-definable. Creating a strip footing (p. Profile Material Finish The profile of the column. The file name extension of a concrete column properties file is *. Class Used to group columns. User-defined attributes Vertical Rotation Horizontal Top Bottom Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the column. Warping. Option Name The user-definable name of the column.g. Creating a concrete column (p. The position of the first end of the column in the global z direction.ccl.Option Start releases tab End releases tab Design tab See also The support conditions of the footing ends. e. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. It describes how the part surface has been treated. cambering and shortening of the column. The material of the column. The design information of the footing. with anti-corrosive paint.

The beam position on the work plane. The offsets of the ends of the beam. It describes how the part surface has been treated. hot galvanized. The file name extension of a concrete slab properties file is *. The type of finish. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved beam. How much the beam is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Define the cast unit series of the beam. The design information of the beam. Class Used to group beams.cbm. Finish is user-definable. The number of segments required to draw a curved beam. and to identify parts of the same type. Shape Material Finish The profile of the beam. The support conditions of the beam ends. For example. fire retardant coating.Concrete beam properties Use the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete beam or polybeam. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. etc. The loading properties of the beam. The position of the beam in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. relative to its reference line. Creating a concrete beam (p. Option Name The user-definable name of the beam. cambering and shortening of the beam.csl. The analysis properties of the beam. e. User-defined attributes On plane Rotation At depth End offset Radius Number of segments Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Analysis tab Start releases tab End releases tab Loading tab Design tab Deforming tab See also User-defined properties of the beam. The material of the beam. with anti-corrosive paint. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Warping. The file name extension of a concrete beam properties file is *. 79) Concrete slab properties Use the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete slab. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 225 .g. Indicates whether the beam is precast or cast in place.

e. 80) Concrete panel properties Use the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a concrete panel. Creating a concrete slab (p. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Class Used to group slabs. Option Name The user-definable name of the panel. The material of the panel. The loading properties of the slab. The material of the slab. e. The file name extension of a concrete panel properties file is *. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. The type of finish. The type of finish. 226 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . hot galvanized. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Define the cast unit series of the slab.Option Name The user-definable name of the slab. and to identify parts of the same type. It describes how the part surface has been treated. with anti-corrosive paint. Indicates whether the slab is precast or cast in place. User-defined attributes User-defined properties of the panel. It describes how the part surface has been treated. The design information of the slab. The spanning properties of the slab. User-defined attributes At depth Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type See also User-defined properties of the slab. For example. with anti-corrosive paint. The analysis properties of the slab. For example. etc. fire retardant coating. and to identify parts of the same type. Finish is user-definable. fire retardant coating. etc.g. hot galvanized.cpn. Thickness Material Finish The thickness of the slab. you can display parts of different classes in different colors. Class Used to group panels. Shape Material Finish The profile of the panel (thickness × height of the wall). in terms of depth.g. perpendicular to the work plane. The position of the slab. Finish is user-definable.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 227 . The number of segments required to draw a curved panel. The loading properties of the panel.4 Detail properties This section provides more information about the properties of specific modeling details. How much the panel is rotated around its axis on the work plane. Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/ assembly Thread in material Bolt diameter. relative to its reference line. Creating a concrete panel (p. The offsets of the ends of the panel. Bolt assembly standard/grade. in terms of depth perpendicular to the work plane. The plane of curvature and radius of the curved panel. 232) Bolt properties Use the Bolt Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a bolt group. 229) Weld types (p. Defines whether the bolts are assembled on-site or in the shop. 227) Weld properties (p. Define the cast unit series of the panel. Indicates whether the panel is precast or cast in place. The analysis properties of the panel. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a subassembly. Tekla Structures does not use this value when calculating the length of full-threaded bolts. The position of the panel. The spanning properties of the panel. Indicates if the thread of the bolt can be inside the bolted parts. 232) Edge chamfer properties (p. 81) 8.Option On plane Rotation At depth End offset Analysis tab Spanning tab Loading tab Design tab Cast unit prefix and start number Cast unit type Radius Number of segments See also The position of the panel on the work plane. See also Bolt properties (p. The design information of the panel. 231) Corner chamfer properties (p.

y allowance of a slotted hole. For example. A is the cut length and B is the bolt origin. 228 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Bolt spacing. you might need extra bolt length to allow for painting. the bolt group contains no parts) and makes the bolt length 100 mm.e.Bolt diameter Oversized or slotted. You can also build additional lengths into bolt assemblies. This allows the bolt to move in different directions. the gap is added to the length of the bolt. Increases the material thickness that Tekla Structures uses when calculating bolt length.Option Cut length Indicates which parts the bolt connects. or coordinate. Tekla Structures calculates bolt length using the the total distance between the first and last surfaces. In the illustration below. Zero for a round hole. Tolerance = Hole diameter . number.g. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value. If you want to force a bolt to be a certain length. group diameter. Tekla Structures warns you if the cut length is too small (i. Using cut length you can determine whether the bolt will go through one flange or two. Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate Slots Bolt group shape. in both directions from the bolt group plane. you may want to rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees. Bolt spacing. depending on the bolt group shape. Extra length Additional bolt length. If the bolt connects several parts. The value defines the area Tekla Structures should search for parts that belong to the bolt group. Tekla Structures calculates the search area as A/2 in both directions from point B. x allowance of a slotted hole. enter a negative value for cut length (e. If there are large gaps between the connected parts. Zero for a round hole. or co-ordinate. -150). Field activates after you select the Parts with slotted holes check boxes. depending on the bolt group shape.

Tekla Structures creates the weld. Dz See also Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the current work plane. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group x axis. At depth Dx. Rotation Defines how far the bolt group is rotated around the x axis. Option Prefix Size See Weld size prefixes (p. Some of the properties are only displayed in reports. If you enter a zero or negative weld size. not in drawings. relative to the current work plane. Tekla Structures displays the angle between the weld type symbol and the fill type contour symbol.Option On plane Moves the bolt group perpendicular to the bolt group x axis. The size of the weld. bevels. The angle of weld preparation. 85) Weld properties Use the Weld Properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a weld. Contour The fill type contour of a weld can be: • • • • None Flush Convex Concave TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 229 . For example. or groove. but does not display it drawings. 231). 93). you can use this field to indicate on which side of the connected parts you want the bolt head to be. Type Angle See Weld types (p. Bolts (p. Dy.

To change the separator to @. Intermittent weld Pitch The center-to-center spacing of welds for non-continuous welds. Tekla Structures indicates site welds in the weld symbol using a flag. See Weld position (p. 72). define the center-to-center spacing and the pitch of the welds. information about the weld specification or process. The space between the welded parts. Indicates whether the weld is an intermittent weld. for example 50–100. Additional information to appear in the weld symbol. defining the start and end points of the weld. 92). You can set the exact length of a polygon weld by. Workshop/Site Indicates where the weld should be made. NDT inspection level Connect part/ assembly Position Defines the non-desctructive testing and inspection level. To create a non-continuous weld. 230 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . The options are: • • • • • Length G (Grind) M (Machine) C (Chip) (Flush finished weld) (Smooth blended weld face) The length of a regular weld depends on the length of the connection between the welded parts.Option Finish Tekla Structures displays the finish symbol above the weld type symbol in drawings. Tekla Structures uses the – character by default to separate weld length and pitch. for example. Neither root face nor RFT values appear in drawings. Indicates whether only one edge or the entire perimeter of a face should be welded. The RFT fields in the connection dialog boxes also refer to the root face thickness. but you can use the WELD_ROOT_FACE_THICKNESS field in reports to show the root face dimension in the weld list. Root face Root face thickness is the height of the narrowest part inside the root opening. Effective throat Root opening Reference text Edge/Around The weld size used in weld strength calculation. Tekla Structures shows the weld type symbols as staggered in weld symbols. For example. for example. Tekla Structures calculates the distance between the welds as the pitch minus the length of the weld. This setting affects assemblies and drawings. A circle in the weld symbol in drawings indicates the Around option has been used. set the advanced option XS_WELD_LENGTH_CC_SEPARATOR_CHAR to @. See Using welds to create assemblies (p. Intermittent welds are staggered on both sides of the part being welded.

Defines the electrode strength coefficient. The following table shows the available weld types: Weld type Name None Fillet weld Bevel-groove (single-V butt weld) Bevel-groove (single-bevel butt weld) Square-groove (square butt weld) Single-V butt weld with broad root face Single-bevel butt weld with broad root face U-groove weld (single-U butt weld) J-groove weld (single-J butt weld) Flare V-groove weld Flare-bevel-groove weld Edge-flange weld Corner-flange weld Plug weld Bevel backing weld Spot weld Seam weld Number 0 10 3 4 2 5 6 7 8 16 15 1 17 11 9 12 13 Preparation No No Both parts Secondary part No Both edges Secondary part Both parts Secondary part Both parts Secondary part No No No No No No TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 231 . Welds (p. Some weld types also automatically prepare the parts to be welded. Defines the process type.Option Electrode classification Electrode strength Electrode coefficient Welding process type See also Defines the weld electrode classification. Defines the electrode strength. 91) Weld types Use the Weld Properties dialog box to define the weld type.

105) Edge chamfer properties Use the Edge Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of an edge chamfer. Option Type x y dz1 dz2 The shape of the chamfer. Use these fields. to give plates varying thicknesses. The dimensions of the chamfer. The dimension depends on the chamfer type.Weld type Name Slot weld Partial penetration weld (single-bevel butt + fillet) Partial penetration weld (square groove + fillet) Melt-through weld Steep-flanked single-V butt weld Steep-flanked single-bevel butt weld Edge weld Surfacing weld Fold joint Inclined joint Number 14 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Preparation No Secondary part No No No No No No No No Corner chamfer properties Use the Chamfer Properties dialog box to view and modify the properties of a corner chamfer. More information 232 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . Moves the top or bottom surface of the part corner in the part’s local z direction. See also Chamfering part corners (p. Only used for contour plates and concrete slabs. The name of the chamfer. Field Type Name Description The shape of the chamfer. for example.

The distance between the (picked) end point and the bevelled points. and the shape is angled. 235) General numbering settings Use the Numbering Setup dialog box to view and modify some general numbering settings. These numbers may be used to number new or modified parts. The shape and position of the first end point. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 233 . Bevelled: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. 234) Control number settings (p. More information The options are: • Full: The end point is • • Dimension positioned at the end of the part (moving along the nearest edge). The shape and position of the second end point. and the shape is straight. 233) Weld numbering settings (p. Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the y direction.Field Cutting distance in X direction Cutting distance in Y direction First end type Second end type Description Defines how far away from the chamfered edge the chamfer will end in the x direction. All information on previous numbers is lost. 107) 8. Tekla Structures reuses the numbers of parts that have been deleted. Option Renumber all Re-use old numbers All parts get a new number. Straight: The end point is positioned at the point you pick. and the shape is straight.5 Numbering settings This section provides more information about specific numbering settings. See also Chamfering part edges (p. See also General numbering settings (p.

Modified parts maintain their previous numbers if possible. the existing drawing is automatically assigned to another part of the position. If the part to be numbered is identical to a part in the standardpart model. 234 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings . 160) Weld numbering settings Use the Weld Numbering dialog box to view and modify the weld numbering settings. Surface treatments affect the numbering of assemblies. Tekla Structures uses the same part number as in the standard-part model. Automatic cloning Holes Part name Beam orientation Column orientation Reinforcing bars Embedded objects Surface treatment Tolerance Assembly position sort order See also The location. the original drawing is automatically cloned to reflect the changes in the modified part. The part name affects numbering. and number of holes affects numbering. Numbering objects (p. so that all other users can continue working during the operation. The weld number is displayed in drawings and weld reports. If the main part of a drawing is modified and therefore gets a new assembly position. and save sequence. The orientation of equal embedded objects affects numbering. Parts can get the same number if they do not differ more than as set in this input field. Tekla Structures compares the parts in the current model to those in the standard-part model. 157). The orientation of columns affects numbering. Use this setting when working in multi-user mode. If the modified part moves to an assembly position that does not have a drawing. The orientation of beams affects numbering. 156) Creating a standard-part model (p. Tekla Structures locks the master model and performs a save. numbering. See Assembly position numbers (p. size. The part gets a new number even if a similar numbered part already exists. The orientation of reinforcing bars affects numbering.Option Check for standard parts If a separate standard-part model has been set up. Compare to old Take new number Keep number if possible Synchronize with master model The part gets the same number as a previously numbered similar part.

Tekla Structures automatically suggests the following free number as the start number. 156) Control number settings Use the Create control numbers (S9) dialog box to view and modify the control number settings. All creates consecutive numbers for all parts. Option Numbering Defines which parts get control numbers. First direction Second direction Third direction See also Defines in what order to assign control numbers. No keeps the existing control numbers. 158) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings 235 . Control numbers (p. Yes replaces the existing control numbers. By numbering series creates control numbers for parts in a specific numbering series. Needed only with the By numbering series option. If some welds have been removed. See also Numbering objects (p. Renumber also welds that have a number Re-use numbers of deleted welds Tekla Structures replaces existing weld numbers. Selected welds changes the number of the selected welds without affecting others. Assembly/Cast unit numbering series Defines the prefix and start number of the numbering series for which to create control numbers. Defines which objects are affected by the change. Tekla Structures uses their numbers when numbering other welds. Start number of control numbers Step value Renumber The number from which the numbering starts. Defines how to treat parts that already have control numbers. Defines the interval between two control numbers. All welds changes the number of all welds in Apply for the model.Option Start number The number from which the numbering starts.

236 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Settings .

1 General modeling tips These tips will help you to use some basic modeling functionalities more efficiently. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. 239) Hiding cut lines in a view (p. 239) Finding RGB values for colors (p. 239) Right-hand rule (p. and avoid potential problems with templates and drawings. Enter the part properties you want to use as defaults. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 237 . 2. To define default sets of part properties for a project: 1. 238) Modeling identical areas (p. 241) 9. See also Defining default part properties (p. 237) Part positioning tips (p. 238) Selecting values from the model (p. 237) Copying and moving efficiently (p. Contents • • General modeling tips (p. 238) Activating an overlapping view (p. 240) Cutting efficiently (p. 241) Defining default part properties Save time by saving a default set of properties for each part you plan to create before you start modeling.9 Modeling Tips This section provides useful hints and tips that help you to model structures more quickly and accurately. 240) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p.

enter a name for the set of properties. c Enter the values you want to use. For example. This can useful when creating view filters. 2. create a column with a base plate and cap plate. 4. The dialog box remains open on the screen. b Select an object. when creating grids and levels in a new model. You can use this technique to create and reproduce any identical area. To stop copying or moving objects. 238 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . In the box next to the Save as button. click Tools > Defaults > Save Defaults. for example. selection filters. Click Load to load the properties. Before you start. Start the Move or Copy command. enter BEAM. create an empty view or selection filter. To use a default set of part properties. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. and object groups. and then click the Move or Copy button in the dialog box. To make the sets of part properties you have defined the default sets for this project. from simple frames to entire floors. try modeling an entire floor. For example. 5. Click OK to close the part properties dialog box.3. 3. you may even be able to add connections before copying the area of the building. Depending on the project. open the part properties dialog box and select an option from the list next to the Load button. Click Save as to save the set of properties. Continue to save sets of properties for each type of part you intend to create. See also Copying and moving objects Selecting values from the model You can select object properties and dates directly from the model. 6. or an object group. 7. See also Copying and moving objects Modeling identical areas Most structures contain identical areas. To keep a dialog box open while modeling: 1. For a project that has several identical floors. Save time by modeling these areas once. then copying them throughout the model. then copying it to several levels. then copy the column to all the locations where it occurs in the model. Copying and moving efficiently You can keep the Move and Copy dialog boxes open if you are going to use them often. To continue copying or moving objects: a Click the dialog box to activate it.

or define the number of days before or after the review date. Right-hand rule Right-hand rule indicates the direction of the coordinate axes.. In the Value list box. index finger. When you hold the thumb. The availability of options depends on your selection in the Property list box. Click Tekla Structures > Self learning > Questions and answers. a b To select an object property. 3.To select values from the model: 1. and then select an object. Click Tools > Options > Xmouse to switch on Xmouse. • See also Use the Page Up. 2. To activate a view. 136) Activating an overlapping view When you want to pick positions from two views that partly overlap. click Select date. Select options from the Category and Property list boxes. 3. do one of the following: • Move the mouse pointer over the view. With Xmouse active. A check mark appears next to the menu option if Xmouse is already switched on. 33) Finding RGB values for colors To find RGB values for colors: 1. and then select one of the options. and the middle finger the z axis. To select a date. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 239 . See also Creating a view filter Creating a selection filter Creating an object group (p. Download and install the application. select the review date. 2. Views (p. Click Add row. You can select dates from the model only if the property is a date. To activate a view using Xmouse: 1. then the thumb symbolizes the x axis. 4. Page Down and arrow keys. Log in to the Tekla Extranet. The review date is the same as Review date in the Project Status Visualization dialog box. Open the Background color in model editor document. select one of the options. and middle finger of your right hand so that they form three right angles. you can use the Xmouse option. 132) Creating a visualization (p. the index finger the y axis.. simply moving the mouse pointer over a view activates the view. to open the Select date dialog box.. click Select from model. You can either select a date from the calendar.. 2.

you may have to adjust the position of the handles manually. 109) Cutting efficiently Follow these guidelines when cutting objects in the model: • Avoid part faces Avoid creating cuts that are exactly on the part planes or go through vertices. Try to position the cut at least 0. rotate the cutting part slightly until you find a successful cut position.. Tips for round tube cuts Use the Round tube (23) component for round tube cuts. The Cut part with polygon command automatically extends the cut slightly outside of the part face. For example. Click Modify. it may be useful to cut even further onto the web than just the flange thickness. 4. The component automatically rotates the cutting part until a successful cut position is found.3 mm). 3. the cut is more likely to succeed. Note that after creating the polygon.3 mm outside of the part planes. See also Double-click the view to open the View Properties dialog box. if you are cutting a beam that has roundings. especially in components. See also Cuts (p. Use edge chamfers Whenever possible. • • • • If a cut fails. Tekla Structures selects the corresponding part and cut in the model. to open the Display dialog box. Use polygon cuts Whenever possible. An error notification is printed in the session history log stating which part and which cut caused the failure. Clear the Cuts check box. use polygon cuts. 2. To locate the failure in the model. Tekla Structures displays the cutting part using dash-anddot lines. if the cutting part cuts very slightly the web as well (at least 0.Hiding cut lines in a view To hide all cut lines in a view: 1.. click a row that contains an ID number in the session history log. Tips for flange cuts When cutting a flange. Click Display. Cuts (p. If the component fails. use edge chamfers instead of small cuts. 109) 240 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips .

Viewing log files Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports (p. It can cause problems with connections and details. 242) Modifying part length To modify the length of a part. This can cause shop errors. 2. because cuts do not always affect part length when you export information to NC files. Do not use fittings to lengthen parts. 242) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern (p. or use the Fit Part End command. See also Viewing log files Viewing reports 9. 241) Creating horizontal parts (p. move the part handles.2 Part positioning tips These tips will help you to efficiently create and position parts in a view. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. To lengthen a part. Click a row that contains an ID number. Do not cut the end of a part to shorten it. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips 241 . Hold down F. Click a row that contains an ID number. Tekla Structures zooms to the corresponding objects in the active model view. do one of the following: • • To shorten a part. 241) Useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports Use the following shortcuts when viewing items in log files and reports: To Zoom to the selected objects Do this 1. See also Modifying part length (p. 242) Optional ways of placing objects in a model (p. Fit the work area to include only the selected objects 1. 2. Hold down Z. move the part handles.

and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. 57) Fittings (p. pick positions from left to right. Create points. 108) Creating horizontal parts When creating horizontal parts.See also Part position (p. Optional ways of placing objects in a model When you want to place an object to a position where no lines or objects intersect. 32) Rotating objects Construction objects (p. such as beams. Use construction planes. Snapping to positions Construction objects (p. y directions). 42) Positioning objects in a radial or circular pattern To position objects in a radial or circular pattern. Use construction lines and circles to position the objects. 40) 242 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 Modeling Tips . For example. do one of the following: • • See also Create a grid line and use the Copy Special > Rotate command to copy it. set part Rotation to Top in the part properties dialog box. To ensure that beam rotation is correct in drawings. lines and circles. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. always pick points in the same direction. and from bottom to top (in positive x. Creating a single grid line (p. you have the following options: • • • See also Use the snapping commands. 40) Points (p.

.......................... 149 creating .............................................................79 curved beams.........................................83 cast units ............ 218 steel polybeams ................................................................................................ see visualizing project status ....................... 15 views ...................................................................................... 23 examples................................................. 135 beams cambering................................................................................. 67................................................... 75 showing and hiding ...................................................... 75 changing the main part.....................................83 lotting.................................................174 numbering ...72 clash checking.................84 chamfering................................................................105 corner chamfer types............................... 74 numbering ...................................... 75 comparing ..... 85....................73...................................................................................................... 71 examples....................................115 cast in place...............82 exploding ................................................................69 steel beams ................................................................................................. 72 attaching parts.................................. 30 angle dimensions ........68 orthogonal beams.....................................86 bolt offsets .................................................................... 75 lotting..............................................................................83 highlighting ................................................ 76 exploding...........................................................84 changing the main part........88 bolt spacing ......................104 corner chamfer dimensions .................... 86.............................................................157 removing objects ..................................... 131 sub-assemblies .......................Index # 3D models...... 143 arcs...........83 top-in-form face ......82 adding objects ......................................... 185 assemblies .... 71................. 75 joining........................................ 88 modifying .............. 225 concrete polybeams ....................87 bolt group shape.....................................................................................................................................................................105 corner chamfers .......................................82 creating................................. 117 c cambering parts.............................................................................................................................................83 casting direction ......................................................................... 191 angles...................................................................................73.......................................107 in sketches ........................................................................................................65 bolts ................................................................................... 79................................................................................................. 157 removing objects ...... 74 changing the main assembly............................. 227 bolt group position ............................. 174 nested assemblies ............82 cast unit type .........................................88 a absolute coordinates .............. 71 using bolts to create assemblies .................................................................................105 edge chamfers.......................................................................................................................................................................... 71 using welds to create assemblies ................113 bending.............................................................148 creating.............................................................................67 warping............................................................81 adding non-concrete objects ............................................ 23 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 243 .......143 bolting sub-assemblies.................................................................................................................................................... 39 4D tool................................. 76 highlighting ...........................................................................................................115 concrete beams........................ 70 adding objects ..................................................199 b background color changing..............

................................197 checking the model..........................................................147 symbols ............................................. 78............................ 146 clash checking .189 fixed ...188 horizontal ................... 232 types and dimensions ............................136 corner chamfers ........................................ 116......23 color settings .................................................................................. 81.....................149 components showing and hiding........... 226 polybeams ........................... 145....124 coincident contraints .............235 coordinates coordinate system................40 contour plates .........................................................................................................................................................148 changing priority .68.... 149 bolts ..............105 244 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................................................................................................................................................... 31 columns concrete columns ......................... 144................................................ 146............................................................................................... 219 control numbers ........................147 changing status ................................................................................................................................................................ 105...................................................................................................................................................146 sessions..............188 parallel .......................55 background color ............................ 80.. 224 steel columns.................................... 28............................... 225 strip footings ......................................147 list of clashes ................ 159 settings ...239 grid color................... 78.......23 background color examples........41 construction planes................................................ 117 comparing parts or assemblies....................checking sketched cross sections ..........................................................................................................................................................................84 columns .........................................104.................................................................................185 Clash Check Manager .................................................................................................... 55 classifying information ...........................146 managing results .................................................167 clip planes... 225 cast units...................146 class....................................................... 223 warping ....................................135 project status visualizations ................................................................................................113 constraints.......................... 145....... 78...................................... 158...............41 construction lines ..........................28 copying hints and tips...................................... 222 panels ..........................................................40 construction circles ................................................ 218 combining parts ..........................................................187 vertical ........................................... 79..........................133 object representation settings........................................77 beams ........................................187 deleting .......142 circles.............................238 object groups ............................. 51.............................................................................187 colliding objects .......................................... 69. 78.......144 colors ... 66............................................................................................................................132 concrete parts ........................................................................................189 construction objects ......................................................186 perpendicular .............................213 finding RGB values......................................186 coincident...................................81 casting direction....................79 slabs .................................. 224 pad footings ..

..............................................................127 modifying contents ........216 distances measuring..................................................139 visualizing project status ..................... 69 pad footings........................ 112 polygon cuts ............191 deleting from a sketch .................................................................192 in sketching .............................. 136 screenshots......................65................... 181 sketching cross sections ...... 38 grids ............................................ 111 d deleting logical areas ............................ 86 cast units ................................. 16 nested assemblies .. 40 contour plates................................136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 245 . 111 part cuts.....................................................................................70.................. 168 strip footings........ 80 construction circles......191 between two points............................................................................... 107......................................................... 232 end offsets ................................................................................................76 background colors ...................................................................................................... 165 tile pattern definition ..101 visualizing erection schedules................................................................................................................................23 creating object groups ............ 94 cross sections cross section sketch editor.... 32 grid views ...................................................... 67 steel columns ......... 164.......................... 66 steel polybeams ................................................................................................ 78 project status visualizations ............................................................................................. 104............................48 dimensions angle............................................................................................................................................................ 88 sketched cross sections .................................................................................................................................... 174 models............................192 display settings .................... 79 concrete columns ................. 78 sub-assemblies ...........................................................................................................................................................................109 hints and tips ......................................................................143 dividing models................ 70 views ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 109...................................................................................................... 68 Custom Inquiry .... 78 concrete panels...................................................................... 169 orthogonal beams .227 DGN supported objects ..............................................................................................................................138 creating symmetric C-shaped cross section........................ 139 erection sequences ......................... 109......68........... 93............................................. 168 lots........ 168 sequences..............................131 examining the model .........63 erection schedules...........171 e edge chamfers...................................... 71 tile patterns............. 110............. 81 concrete polybeams ..................................................................240 line cuts .................................... 41 construction planes ...................creating assemblies ................................................................................. 30 holes................................ 74 object groups..........138 creating project status visualization settings .................................................................................................................... 134 object type categories .................................193 horizontal..190 vertical ........................................................................................................................ 132 object representation settings ................................162.89........................................................................................................ 71 bolts.................. 124 concrete beams.....................................................................171 exact lines..............................................................................................119 examples assemblies ...............171 detail properties ................................. 79 concrete slabs .......................................................................... 184 slabs............204 defining erection schedules............................................................................................... 35 welds ................... 91.......................................................................................................... 90 logical areas ................................190 radial............................. 160 steel beams...... 124 sections ... 82 clip planes ........................................... 67 storys...................................................................................... 100 twin profiles ........... 181 curved parts.........................................171 object types .............................................................................................................. 69 curved beams............................................................137 creating object representation settings......................137 numbering ................................. 80 standard-part models .................. 137............................................ 163.127 cuts ........ 108 grid lines.................... 68 fittings.................................................... 172 single bolts ........................................ 41 construction lines ..............................................................126 adding attributes....

................................64 line cuts....................................84 unselected parts ...................................... 28..................................................................................................131 local coordinate system ....................................................................27 hiding assemblies........................exploding assemblies....................................................................................................................................32 deleting ....240 grid labels ......................................................211 work plane grid ........................................................................... 29............................ 31 labels ................................................................................................................................................................200 f family numbers .............................................................................75 l lengthening parts .....................................................45 selected parts .................. 109.....................................................................................................................................................203 inquiring models ..........................130 top-in-form face....75 cast units..........................................................................156 finding clashes ......................................................132 cut lines...............................................31 origin...188 horizontal dimensions ....38 properties...131 components ...............................................................57 moving .............152 reinforcements ...................163 modifying .......................238 parts.78......................................................................................58 reference models .........................................................................................33 properties...................................................................................131 work area ..28 grid lines ....... 111 lines exact .................................................62 i identical areas..108 fixed constraints.................................................................................................................................................................................29 properties......................126 object properties ..............................................................................195 reference lines .................................................................................................................................................................................42 sketched cross sections.................................... 222..................................................................................................31 part labels ...................................................................................196 246 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ........................................... 89.....192 horizontal position ......................................155 example ........149 fittings ............................. 223 g global coordinate system ......31 grid color............................................................123 footings .................................237 holes ........................................................................................................................................................26 highlighting assemblies.......................................................................................................................................................212 grid views creating......................................... see tips .... 90 horizontal constraints ...................45 hints and tips................................................................................................................................................57 of positioning planes...................................................32 creating...... 31 line extensions..................................................................153 importing points ...76 cast units ..................................................................................................................................................................................56 positioning planes ............................................28 h handles ........................................................116 levels..................83 exporting sketched cross sections ....................30 deleting .......................................................................................30 creating................................................................................................................................145 finding distant objects .........................................188 flying through model ...............................................203 extrusion types..............215 grids coordinates ...83 reference models .............33 modifying .................................................29 modifying .................................126 j joining assemblies.............

................... 143 distances .................................................................................... 156........................................................ 154.......................... 151 organizing................................... 237 identical areas .........................138 object types ........................195 using handles ...134 deleting.................................................................................... 167 modeling hints and tips . 142 creating ........ 158............... 143 Mini Toolbar modifying part position .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 233............................... 176 rendered or plan view?....................... 15 checking for errors .....................................................................................................................................................152 identical reinforcements ............153 what affects ..............160 user-defined attributes................................................................................ 171 examining.............157 cast units .... 175 moving hints and tips .................................................. 121 saving.......................132 color settings .................................. 114 models about 3D models ............ 73..... 119 modifying logical areas ................................................... 58 Model Editor screen layout.............213 copying to another model ............................................... 164........................................................... 17 viewing ................................................ 74 numbering....................... 234............................................................................................................................................ 174 deleting................................................... 34 Modeling of floor bay (66)...........167...................................................... 123 inquiring.....................133 creating.................................................................167 viewing ...........................................................126 object representation settings.................................................152 numbering settings .................................................................... 54 measuring objects .............................214 object property report templates.162........................................................................................................................................................ 153............................................................................................................................... 16 dividing into phases..................................................133 copying ...................... 143 angles........132 deleting................................................................................................................. 119 flying through model............................ 120 materials.............................................................................................157 checking and repairing .........154 preliminary numbers.............................................................. 238 parametric modeling............................................................................................................ 163..................158 reinforcements............................................................................................. 168 viewing ..............................157 sequences .............................. 167 rotating ........................133 example............................170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 247 ...........................161 identical parts ... 156 settings ....................................................................................................................... 169 object types ..................................... 155..........................................................................................................................................................................122 positioning planes.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 241 logical areas .....................................................................................135 creating....................................... 170 lotting......................................161 clearing.....135 example......................................................................................... 119 zooming....153 modifying ............... 165 family numbers ................ 169 o object groups .................. 122 numbering .............................................log files viewing ........................................................................................................57 n nested assemblies..............159 numbering series.......................160 control numbers... 156 about numbering ....... 151....................................... 21 Model Organizer...................................................................................... 159 examples ......................................................151 assemblies ............................................... 126 moving......................................................................137 transparency settings .. 175 removing ............... 235 standard-part model ...................238 models in a view........ 143 bolt spacing ..............................................................172 series...... 163 history....................................... 175 creating ....... 174 adding parts ......................233 m Magnifier.................................................................

.......................220 overlapping numbering series ....................................................52 position ............................................................................................................................................ 110........................................113 perpendicular constraints......................52 combining ......................................................................................242 positioning .............................................................186 parametric modeling .......................176 profiles .................................. 58 profiles ....................................................156 placing objects in model ..........187 phases ......................................................................................................39 points .............................objects clash checking .....................174 material ..........................212 polybeams.....................................................93 polylines .....115 shortening in drawings...............................81 panning .......................................................................................................241 numbering..........................115 lengthening in drawings ........184 248 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .............................................................................................................167 orthogonal beams ......................................................................................................................................176 parametric profiles ...237 hiding .......................74 assemblies.................242 identical parts............117 part labels ..................................................................................................................70 bending .......................................42 coordinates ...................................................................................115 changing the material ............................................................ 222 panels ............................................239 oversized holes.................... 156 part types ..................................................................128 finding distant objects ...........63 opening models .....................242 showing and hiding......................54 modifying part length ............................131 showing with exact lines ..............53 part add........................................................... 109............................ 57...........................................51 sequences ..............................131 splitting..............................................................130 horizontal parts .................................................54 changing the profile ........................................................................................................ 67.......171 in numbering ....................65 cambering ....52 properties............................................................................................................................................117 steel parts ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 polygon shapes...152 labels ............................ 78.........................56 lengthening ................................................ see attaching parts ..............217 parts adding to assembly.........................................................164 plane views ........................................90 p pad footings ...............................17 organizing the model ................................ 112 default properties ..................................................................156 views........................116 comparing ............................................................................................................................. 144.................56 part properties.................122 parallel constraints....................................212 properties.......................................143 numbering........................................................................................128 offsets ................................42 phase and ID ...........................................................................116 showing only selected parts.............116 lotting .................................................................. 79 polygon cuts..............................149 inquiring properties .................................112 polygon welds ....................................................................................................................... 172..............................................................126 measuring.................................................................149 concrete parts ......66 user-defined attributes .................56 showing and hiding.............................................................. 173 shortening ............................................................... 145 defining visibility................................. 154............................77 cutting with another part ..............................................55 warping ..212 importing .........

.... 53 weld size prefix... 65 depth .................................. 201 standard .....................45 viewing layers...........57.......................... 147 profiles...................................................45 viewing changes.157 relative coordinates ........39 reinforcements identical ...............................................................................................................................................36 representation options..................................................................................................... 158 preparing parts for welding.....................................................................................................................213 rotation angle knob .... 93 preliminary numbers..................................58 round holes....................................................................................... 136 deleting.............................................................. 193 handles............80 s saving models.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................position bending ..161 report templates for inquiring object properties .......................................................................................................................................... 65 redrawing views........................................................................................................................................................17 sketched cross sections ..............................................59 rotation settings ..........................................................................................................................128 restoring default work plane ......................... 39 reference lines.... 237 r radial dimensions .................................................................. 197 prefixes profile name prefixes................................................................................................ 59 rotation ..239 right-hand rule ............................................................................ 125 priority in clash checking.................................... 60 end offsets........................................................................... 53 project status visualizations............................................................................... 59 vertical....................................................... 136 example.....................................................................................................................44 selecting ............89 plates........................ 47 selecting .........44 modifying properties ..............153 numbering ........................ 62 levels ...................................... 53 twin profiles ............................................................................ 53 sketched profiles ......................126 reports viewing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 52 parametric .........................................................................................239 rotating models.........45 highlighting ...................................46 reference points.................................30 rendered views .................................144 hiding.197 to old clash checking functionality ...............48 supported DGN objects ...........21 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 249 ................................................................................. 196 moving..... 63 horizontal............................................................ 195 reverting to default .53.................................................................. 61 positioning planes............................................... 190 radius................................................................... 136 creating ..............................................................................................241 representation options ........................................ 138 properties default ................................................................................................. 94 printing screenshots......121 parts ..... 64 on the work plane...................................................128 repairing numbering errors ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................48 updating.................................. 135 copying..........69 slabs .............................................................................................................................................................................................................57 refreshing views.... 48 reference models................136.................................................................198 screen layout in Model Editor .43 clash checking................................................................................28 reverting to default positioning planes...................45 splitting into reference objects........... 58 reference model objects ........................... 70 user-defined ..........................................................................................45 inserting.................................................................................................................... 176 prefixes........................ 53 separators .......149 RGB values ............

..............................................199 using in models..............................................232 general modeling settings............................125 printing..........................................................168 selecting dates from model.............185 creating .........................................214 sections............................223 twin profile properties ................................................53 standard-part models ......................................................................................................227 concrete beam properties.........................226 concrete slab properties ............173 settings bolt properties............172 adding parts............................225 contour plate properties...................................................200 importing .............................. 117........................................229 shifting the work plane ...................................................221 view properties ...................................................................124 splitting parts..................................................201 refining the shape ........................185 chamfers ....................125 saving in bitmap format ........................................173 modifying ......................211 grid line properties .......197 circles...................238 selection dial ................................................................ 196 profiles ........219 corner chamfer properties ................................................................................................215 numbering settings ...................172 deleting ..............................................................................................................................204 exporting .57 snapshots..................................................................................88 single grid lines ........240 parts labels ...................................118 standard profiles ................................................................................27 shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ........................198 polylines..................................................... 113.....160 status in clash checking ...........................................................................................124 in Windows Vista .....184 creating images .....211 grid view properties ....................... 203 extrusion types............................................................................................................45 values from model .....115 shortening parts in drawings ....184 positioning planes ........................................................................................... 194............190 arcs ..............................................232 detail properties ......................193..........................................................38 work area .................................................................198 sketch thickness ...................................................................................26 single bolts ...................................201 example ........................186 adding dimensions......................................................................222 part properties .......................................................56 parts with exact lines ...........................................................183 slabs..................132 cut lines.............................................................................................................................................186 saving .....220 pad footing properties..147 250 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ....................212 grid properties.................................................................................................................................. 234......215 weld properties ...........................................90 snapping to middle points.........48 reference models..............................218 strip footing properties .........................................................................................................94 Sketch Browser.......................................................................................................................................199 checking.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................225 concrete column properties ...................................................84 views........233............................. 202........... 203 modifying .......58 sequences ............ 114 slotted holes.........241 shortening and lengthening parts ...........................................................................................................................181 adding constraints..................................................................116 showing assemblies........................................................218 steel column properties ................................131 positioning planes ...................................................................................................173 creating....................212 rotation settings ...........................................227 display settings ............screenshots creating.......................215 view settings ......................................... 235 orthogonal beam properties......................80 warping ........................................................................214 steel beam properties ..............................................58 top-in-form face........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................173 inquiring ..............................213 screenshot settings................224 concrete panel properties ..181 sketched cross sections..................216 edge chamfer properties.............................................................................. 202................................ see screenshots ...................... 118 plates and slabs.......................131 components ...32 single-part welds .........201 variables ..................................................238 reference model objects .....................217 point properties..........................................................................125 settings .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 reference lines ......................................................................................182 sketch editor............................

..................... 237 finding RGB values for colors...............................128 view planes................................................................................................................... 100 creating new tile patterns ..........................................35 view planes.......... 242 cutting efficiently........................................... 103 pattern elements ................................. 71 bolting to existing assembly ..........................................................38 modifying ..................................215 viewing logical areas .................192 vertical position................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 modifying................................................36 visibility of objects.........................................................................35 deleting...... 239 modeling identical areas ................................ 70 beams ................................................................. 96 creating new surface treatments ............................................................. 68 orthogonal beams ........... 239 selecting values from model...................................................................128 visualizing project status................ 221 storys.................................................... 67 twin profiles ................................70.............................. 97 on part face ........33 arranging .................... 100 pattern definition example ............................................................................................................................................................................... 218 contour plates.....................................................................................................84 transparency settings .......................................35 opening...........................153 user-defined profiles .38 overlapping.......... 241 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 251 ............................. 97 tiled surface treatment................................. 69............239 properties .....................................................................................................................................................................176 in sketching .....................55 in numbering..................................................................................... 100 switching between views ....................................69.......................................................................................................... 101 pattern definitions................................................................................................................................................. 239 copying and moving efficiently .....215 refreshing ...................................................................................................................................................39 creating............................................ 220 polybeams.........36 moving...170 sequence numbers................................................ 98 on cut faces.......................................... 72 surface treatment ..........................66................................................................................ 98 on selected areas................39 switching between views ...183 vertical constraints........39 temporary ............................... 168 strip footings ............ 97 on chamfered parts ............................................................................................................................... 221 u user interface in Model Editor ......................steel parts................. 241 placing objects ..........21 user-defined attributes..78........67................................................................................ 68................................................... 97 on parts with openings and recesses............. 66 assemblies ...................................................................... 104 tips activating overlapping views ..........................................................214 twin profiles.. 242 positioning objects in radial or circular pattern ................... 219 curved beams......................37 view settings .................. 197 tiled surface treatment.........................................................................................38 naming.. 240 defining default part properties......136 t testing sketched cross sections ....................................................................... 95 adding ...................................................................... 238 useful shortcuts in viewing logs and reports ...39 closing ......... 124 numbering history................................................................................................ 119..................................96................................................................................................................................ 218 columns...................170 models............................................................ 242 right-hand rule .. 223 sub-assemblies ................................................ 96 on all faces of part...............................................................................................................61 view depth .................................189 vertical dimensions ....238 variables in parametric modeling ..............................................53 v values selecting from model .............................................................36 view types.............................................................. 70....................... 39 top-in-form face ................... 238 modifying part length......................... 72 welding to existing assembly..........................173 views.................................. 238 creating horizontal parts...161 object types ...........................................................

.........27 restoring........................................................... 91.................................................120 zoom settings......26 hiding .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 114 welds............................................................... 25..........................................................120 zooming in or out ..............21 z zooming using Magnifier .......................................... 93..93 single-part welds..................94 weld position........ 128 defining .... 94 numbering..28 shifting ..27 workspace in Model Editor..................92 weld preparation ...............................................93 weld types.......................................................................................... 229 between parts ...... 113.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................234 polygon welds.............120 zoom window ..................36 work area ..............................................91 creating...................................................................120 with keyboard shortcuts .....................72 wire frame views .......................................................................................................113 concrete parts..................91.....................................................26 work plane.......231 welding sub-assemblies .................94 weld size prefixes ......119 252 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .....113 concrete slabs .........................................................................................................................w warping beams........................

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 253 .

254 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 255 .

256 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 257 .

258 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 259 .

260 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

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