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# Mole Concept & Stoich** 1. The density of a 3 M sodium thiosulphate solution (Na2S2O3) is 1.25 g per mL.

Calculate (i) the percentage by weight of sodium thiosulphate (ii) the mole fraction of sodium thiosulphate and (iii) the molalities of Na+ and S2*** ions. 2. 4.08 g of a mixture of BaO and unknown carbonate MCO3 was heated strongly. The residue weighed 3.64 g. This was dissolved in 100 mL of 1 N HCl. The excess acid required 16 mL of 2.5 N NaOH solution for complete neutralization. Identify the metal M. 3. 2.68 103 moles of a solution containing an ion An+ require 1.61 103 moles of Mn** for the oxidation of An+ to A** in acidic medium. What is the value of n? 4. 5 mL of 8 N nitric acid, 4.8 mL of 5 N hydrochloric acid and a certain volume of 17 M sulphuric acid are mixed together and made upto 2 L. 30 mL of this acid mixture exactly neutralize 42.9 mL of sodium carbonate solution containing one gram of Na2CO3 . 10 H2O in 100 mL of water. Calculate the amount in gram of the sulphate ions in solution. 5. (i) What is the weight of sodium bromate and molarity of solution necessary to prepare 85.5 mL of 0.672 N Br** + 6H+ + 6e Br + 3H2O (ii) What would be the weight as well as molarity if the half-cell reaction is : 2Br** + 12H+ + 10e Br2 + 6H2O 6. An unknown compound of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen contains 69.77% C and 11.63% H and has a molecular weight of 86. It does not reduce Fehling solution, but forms a bisulphate addition compound and gives a positive iodoform test. What is the possible structure? 7. A sugar syrup of weight 214.2 g contains 34.2 of sugar (C 12H22O11) Calculate (i) molal concentration and (ii) mole-fraction of sugar in the syrup. 8. A sample of hydrazine sulphate (N2H6SO4) was dissolved in 100 mL of water, 10 mL of this solution was reacted with excess of ferric chloride solution and warmed to complete the reaction. Ferrous ion formed was estimated and it, required 20 mL of m/50 potassium permanganate solution. Estimate the amount of hydrazine sulphate in one litre of the solution. Rections : 4Fe3+ + N2H4 N2 + 4 Fe2+ + 4H+ Mn** + 5 Fe2+ + 8H+ Mn2+ + 5 Fe3+ + 4H2O 9. An equal volume of a reducing agent is titrated separately with 1M KMnO4 in acid, neutral and alkaline medium. The volumes of KMnO4 required are 20 mL in acid, 33.3 mL in neutral and 100 mL in alkaline media. Find out the oxidation state of manganese in each reduction product. Give the balanced equations for all the three half reaction. Find out the volume of 1M K2Cr2O7 consumed. If the same volume of the reducing agent is titrated in acid medium. 10. An organic compound X, on analysis gives 24.24 percent carbon and 4.04 per cent hydrogen. Further, sodium extract of 1.0 g of X gives 2.90 g of silver chloride with acidified silver nitrate solution. The compound X may be represented by two isomeric structures Y and Z on treatment with aqueous potassium hydroxide solution

gives a dihydroxy compound while Z on similar treatment gives ethanol. Find out the molecular formula of X and give the structure of Y and Z. 11. n-butane is produced by the monobromination of ethane followed by the Wurtz reaction. Calculate the volume of ethane at NTP required to produce 55 g n-butane, if the bromination takes place with 90% yield and the Wurtz reaction with 85% yield. 12. A mixture of H2C2O4 (oxalic acid) and NaHC2O4 weighing 2.02 g was dissolved in water and the solution made upto one litre. Ten milliliters of the solution required 3.0 mL of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide solution for complete neutralization. In another experiment, 10.0 mL of the same solution, in hot dilute sulphuric acid medium, required 4.0 mL of 0.1 N potassium permanganate solution for complete reaction. Calculate the amount of H2C2O4 and NaHC2O4 in the mixture. 13. A solid mixture (5.0 g) consisting of lead nitrate and sodium nitrate was heated below 600oC until the weight of the residue was constant. If the loss in weight is 28.0 percent, find the amount of lead nitrate and sodium nitrate in the mixture. 14. Calculate the molality of 1 litre solution of 93% H2SO4 (weight/volume). The density of the solution is 1.84 g/mL. 15. A solution of 0.2 g of a compound containing Cu2+ and C2** ions on titration with 0.02 M KMnO4 in presence of H2SO4 consumes 22.6 mL of the oxidant. The resultant solution is neutralized with Na2CO3, acidified with dil acetic acid and treated with excess KI. The liberated iodine requires 11.3 mL of 0.5 M Na2S2O3 solution for complete reduction. Find out the mole ratio of Cu2+ to C2** in the compound. Write down the balanced redox reactions involved in the above titrations. 16. A 1.0 g sample of Fe2O3 solid of 55.2 % purity is dissolved in acid and reduced by heating the solution with zinc dust. The resultant solution is cooled and made upto 100.0 mL. An aliquot of 25.0 mL of this solution requires for titration. Calculate the number of electrons taken up by the oxidant in the reaction of the above titration. 17. A 2.0 g sample of a mixture containing sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium sulphate is gently heated till the evolution of CO 2 ceases. The volume of CO2 at 750 mm Hg pressure and at 298 K is measured to be 123.9 mL. A 1.5 g of the same sample requires 150 mL of (M/10) HCl for complete neutralization. Calculate the % composition of the components of the mixture. 18. One gram of commercial AgNO3 is dissolved in 50 mL of water. It is treated with 50 mL of a KI solution. The silver iodide thus precipitated is filtered off. Excess of KI in the filtrate is titrated with (M/10) KIO3 solution in presence of 6 M HCl till all I ions are converted into ICl. It requires 50 mL of (M/10) KIO 3 solution. 20 mL of the same stock solution of KI requires 30 mL of (M/10) KIO3 under similar conditions. Caclculate the percentage of AgNO3 in the sample. Reaction : KIO3 + 2KI + 6HCI 3ICl + 3KCl + 3H2O 19. Upon mixing 45.0 mL to 0.25 M lead nitrate solution with 25.0 mL of 0.10 M chromic sulphate solution. Precipitation of lead sulphate takes place. How many moles of lead sulphate are formed? Also calculate the molar concentrations of the species left behind in the final solution. Assume that lead sulphate is completely insoluble.

20. A is a binary compound of a univalent metal. 1.422 g of A reacts 1.743 g of a white crystalline solid B, that forms a hydrated double salt C with Al2(SO4)3. Identify A, B and C. 21. 8.0575 102 kg of Glaubers salt is dissolved in water to obtain 1 dm3 of a solution of density 1077.2 kg m3. Calculate the molrity, molality and mole-fraction of Na2SO4 in the solution. 22. A 5.0 cm3 solution of H2O2 liberates 0.508 g of iodine from an acidified KI solution. Calculate the strength of H2O2 solution in terms of volume strength at S.T.P. 23. A 20.0 cm3 mixture of CO, CH4 and He gases is exploded by an electric discharge at room temperature with excess of oxygen. The volume contraction is found to be 13.0 cm3. A further contraction of 14.0 cm3 occurs when the residual gas is treated with KOH solution. Find out the composition of the gaseous mixture in terms of volume percentage. 24. A 3.00 g sample containing Fe3O4, Fe2O3 and an inert impure substance, is treated with excess of KI solution in presence of dilute H2SO4. The entire iron is converted in to Fe2+ along with the liberation of iodine. The resulting solution requires 11.0 mL of 0.5 M Na2S2O3 solution to reduce the iodine, present. A 50 mL of the dilute solution, after complete extraction of the iodine required 13.80 mL of 0.25 M KMnO4 solution in dilute H2SO4 medium for the oxidation of Fe2+. Calculate the % of Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 in the original sample. 25. To a 25 mL H2O2 solution, excess of acidified solutin of potassium iodide was added. The iodine liberated required 20 mL of 0.3 N sodium thiosulphate solution. Calculate the volume strength of H2O2 solution. 26. An aqueous solution containing 0.10 g KIO3 (formula weight = 214.0) was treated with an excess of KI solution. The solution was acidified with HCl. The liberated I2 consumed 45.0 mL of thiosulphate solution to decolourise the blue starch-iodine complex. Calculate the molarity of the sodium thiosulphate solution. 27. How many milliliters of 0.5 M H2SO4 are needed to dissolve 0.5 g of copper (II) carbonate? 28. A plant virus is found to consist of uniform cylindrical particles of 150 ** in diameter and 5000 ** long. The specific volume of the virus is 0.75 cm3/g. If the virus is considered to be a single particle, find its molar mass. 29. Calculate the molarity of water if its density is 1000 kg/m3. 30. (a) Calculate the amount of calcium oxide required when it reacts with 852 g of P4O10. (b) Write the structure of P4O10. 31. 20% surface sites have absorbed N2. On heating N2 gas evolved from sites and were collected at 0.001 atm and 298 K in a container of volume is 2.46 cm3. Density of surface sites is 6.023 1014/cm2 and surface area is 1000 cm2, find out the number of surface sites occupied per molecule of N2. 32. 25 ml of a solution of NaOH and Na2CO3 required (A) 25 ml of 0.1 N HCl using phenolphthalein indicator (B) 35 ml of 0.1 N HCl using methyl orange indicator. Calculate the masses of NaOH and Na2CO3 present for one litre of the solution. 33. When a mixture of NaBr and NaCl is repeatedly digested with H 2SO4, all the halogens are expelled and Na2SO4 is formed quantitatively. With a particular mixture, it was found that the weight of Na2SO4 obtained was precisely the same as the weight

of NaBr-NaCl mixture taken. Calculate the ratio of the weights of NaCl and NaBr in the mixture. 34. Chloride samples are prepared for analysis by using NaCl, KCl, NH4Cl separately or as mixtures. What minimum volume of a 5% (by weight) AgNO3 solution (sp. Gr = 1.04) must be added to a sample weighning 0.3 g. in order to ensure complete precipitation of a chloride in every possible case? 35. A mixture of H2C2O4 and NaHC2O4 weighing 2.02 g was dissolved in water and the solution made upto one litre. 10 ml of this solution required 3.0 mL of 0.1 N NaOH solutions for complete neutralization. In another experiment 10 ml of same solution in hot dilute H2SO4 medium required 4 ml of 0.1 N KMnO4 for complete neutralization. Calculate the amount of H2C2O4 and NaHC2O4 in mixture. 36. Chile salt peter, a source of NaNO3 also contains NalO3. The NalO3 can be used as a source of iodine, produced in the following reactions. I** + 3HS** I + 3H+ + 3S** .(i) 5I + I** + 6H+ 3I2(s) + 3H2O .(ii) One litre of chile salt peter solution containing 5.80 g NalO3 is treated with stoichiometric quantity of NaHSO3. Now an additional amount of same solution is added to the reaction mixture to bring about the second reaction. How many grams of NaHSO3 are required in step I and what additional volume of chile salt peter must be added in step II to bring in complete conversion of I to I2? 37. What is the weight of sodium bromate and molarity of solution to prepare 85.5 ml of 0.672 N solutions when half cell reactions are? (i) Br** + 6H+ + 6e Br + 3H2O (ii) 2Br** + 12H+ + 10e Br2 + 6H2O 38. Dichromate ion in acid solution oxidizes stannous ion as 3Sn+2 + 14H+ + Cr2** 3Sn+4 + 2Cr+3 + 7H2O (a) If SnCl2 is the source of Sn+2, how many g of SnCl2 would be contained in 2 litre of 0.1 N solution? (b) If K2Cr2O7 is the source of Cr2**, what is the normality of solution containing 4.9 g K2Cr2O7 in 0.1 litre of solution? 39. One litre of a mixture of O2 and O3 at NTP was allowed to react with an excess of acidified solution of Kl. The iodine liberated required 40 mL of M/10 sodium thiosulphate solution for titration. What is the weight per cent of ozone in the mixture? Ultraviolet radiations of wavelength 300 nm can decompose ozone. Assuming that one photon can decompose one ozone molecule, how many photons would have been required for the complete decomposition of ozone in the original mixture? 40. KMnO4 oxidizes X+n ion to X** itself changing to Mn+2 in acid solution. 2.68 103 moles of X+n requires 1.61 103 moles Mn**. What is the value of n? Also calculate the atomic mass of X, if the weight of 1 g equivalent of XCln is 56. 41. 5.7 g of bleaching powder was suspended in 500 ml of water. 25 ml of this suspension on treatment with Kl and HCl liberated iodine which reacted with 24.35 ml of N/10Na2S2O3. Calculate % of available Cl2 in bleaching powder. 42. A sample of Fe2(SO4)3 and FeC2O4 was dissolved in dil. H2SO4. The complete oxidation, the reaction mixture required 40 mL of N/16 KMnO4. After the oxidation, the reaction mixture was reduced by Zn and dil. H2SO4. On again oxidation by same

KMnO4 60 mL were required. Calculate the ratio of Meq. of Fe2(SO4)3 and FeC2O4 in mixture. 43. 1 g sample of AgNO3 is dissolved in 50 mL of water. It is titrated with 50 mL of Kl solution. The Agl precipitated is filtered off. Excess of Kl in filtrate is titrated with M/10 KlO3 in presence of 6M HCl till all l converted into lCl. It requires 50 mL of M/10 KlO3 solution. 20 mL of the same stock solution of Kl requires 30 mL of M/10 KlO3 under similar conditions. Calculate % of AgNO3 in the sample. The reaction is: KlO3 + 2Kl + 6HCl 3lCl + 3H2O 44. An aqueous solution containing 0.10 g KlO3 was treated with an excess of Kl solution. The solution to decolourise the blue starch-iodine complex. Calculate the molarity of the sodium thiosulphate solution. 45. 25 mL of a solution containing Fe+2 and Fe+3 sulphate acidified with H2SO4 is reduced by 3 g of metallic zinc. The solution required 34.25 ml of N/10 solution of K2Cr2O7 for oxidation. Before reduction with zinc, 25 ml of the same solution required 22.45 ml of same K2Cr2O7 solution. Calculate the strength of FeSO4 and Fe2(SO4)3 in solution. 46. A sample of MnSO4 4H2O is strongly heated in air. The residue (Mn3O4) left was dissolved in 100 mL of 0.1 N FeSO4 containing dil. H2SO4. This solution was completely reacted with 50 mL of KMnO4 solution. 25 mL of this KMnO4 solution was completely reduced by 30 mL of 0.1 N FeSO4 solution. Calculate the amount of MnSO4 4H2O in sample. 47. A sample of hydrazine sulphate N2H6SO4 was dissolved in 100 ml water. 10 ml of this solution was reduced with excess of FeCl3 solution and warmed to complete the reaction. Ferrous ions formed were estimated and it required 20 ml of M/50 KMnO4 solution. Estimate the amount of hydrazine sulphate in one litre of the solution. Given 4Fe3+ + N2H4 N2 + 4Fe2+ + 4H+ Mn** + 5Fe2+ + 8H+ Mn2+ + 5Fe3+ + 4H2O 48. A 1 g sample of Fe2O3 solid of 55.2% purity is dissolved in acid and reduced by heating the solution with zinc dust. The resultant solution is cooled and made upto 100 ml. an aliquot of 25 ml of this solution requires 17 ml of 0.0167 M solution of an oxidant for titration. Calculate the no. of electrons taken up by oxidant in the above titration. 49. A mixture of H2C2O4 (oxalic acid) and NaHC2O4 was dissolved in water and the solution made upto one litre. Ten milliliters of the solution required 3.0 mL of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide solution for complete neutralization. In another experiment 10.0 mL of the same solution, in hot dilute sulphuric acid medium, required 4.0 mL of 0.1 NKMnO4 solution for complete reaction. Calculate the masses of H2C2O4 and NaHC2O4 in the mixture. 50. A solution of 0.2 g of a compound constaining Cu+2 and C2** ions on titration with 0.02 M KMnO4 in presence of H2SO4 consumes 22.6 mL of the oxidant. The resultant solution is neutralized with Na2CO3, acidified with dilute acetic acid and treated with excess Kl. The liberated liodine requires 11.3 mL of 0.05 N Na2S2O3 solution for complete reduction. Find out the mole ratio of Cu+2 to C2** in the compound. Write down the balanced redox reactions involved in the above titration. 51. A solution of H2O2, labeled as 20 volumes, was left open. Due to this some H2O2 decomposed and the volume strength of the solution decreased. To determine the new

volume strength of the H2O2 solution, 10 mL of the solution was taken and its was diluted to 100 mL. 10 mL of this diluted solution was titrated against 25 mL of 0.0245 M KMnO4 solution under acidic conditions. Calculate the volume strength of the H2O2 solution. 52. A 2.0 g sample of a mixture containing sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium sulphate is heated till the evolution of CO2 ceases. The volume of CO2 at 750 mm Hg pressure and at 298 K is measured to be 123.9 mL. A 1.5 g of the sample requires 150 mL of M/10 HCl for complete neutralization. Calculate the percentage composition of the components of the mixture. 53. A 1.0 g sample of Fe2O3 solid of 55.2 % purity is dissolved in acid and reduced by heating the solution with zinc dust. The resultant solution is cooled and made upto 100.0 mL. An aliquot of 25.0 mL of this solution requires 17.0 mL of 0.0167 M solution of an oxidant for titration. Calculate the number of electrons taken up by the oxidant in the reaction of the above titration. 54. A 8.0 g sample contained Fe3O4, Fe2O3 and inert materials. It was treated with an excess of aqueous Kl solution in acidic medium, which reduced all the ion to Fe+2 ions. The resulting solution was diluted to 50.0 cm3 and a 10.0 cm3 of it was taken. The liberated iodine in this solution required 7.2 cm3 of 1.0 M Na2S2O3 for reduction to iodide. The iodine from another 25.0 cm3 sample was extracted, after which the Fe+2 ions was titrated against 1.0 M MnO4 in acidic medium. The volume of KMnO4 solution used was found to be 4.2 cm3. Calculate the mass percentages of Fe3O4 and Fe2O3 in the original mixture. 55. A solution contains Na2CO3. 20 cm3 of this solution require 5.0 cm3 of 0.1 M H2SO4 solution for neutralization using phenolphthalein as the indicator. Methyl organe is then added when a further 5.0 cm3 of 0.2 M H 2SO4 was required. Calculate eh masses of Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 in 1 L of this solution. 56. A 50.0 cm3 protion of a mixture of H2SO4 and H2C2O4 required 48.9 cm3 of 0.15 M NaOH solution for titration. Another 50 cm3 required 38.9 cm3 of 0.10 N KMnO4 solution for titration. Calculate the masses of H2SO4 and H2C2O4 present per dm3 of the solution. 57. A sample of hard water contains 96 ppm of S** and 183 ppm of HC**, with Ca+2 as the only cation. How many moles of CaO will be required to remove HC** from 1000 kg of this water? If 1000 kg of this water is treated with the amount of CaO calculated above, what will be the concentration (in ppm) of residual Ca +2 ions? (Assume CaCO3 to be completely insoluble in water). If the Ca+2 ions in one litre of the treated water are completely exchanged with hydrogen ions, what will be its pH? (one ppm means one part of the substance in one million part of water, mass/mass.) 58. One litre of a mixture of O2 and O3 at STP was allowed to react with an excess of acidified solution of Kl. The iodine liberated required 40 mL of M/10 sodium thiosulphate solution for titration. What is the mass percent of ozone in the mixture? Ultraviolet radiation of wavelength 300 mm can decompose ozone. Assuming that one photon can decompose one ozone molecule, how many photons would have been required for the complete decomposition of ozone in the original mixture. 59. A polyvalent metal weighing 0.1 gm and having atomic weight of 51 reacted with dilute H2SO4 to give 43.90 ml of hydrogen at N.T.P. This solution containing the

metal in the lower oxidation state was found to require 58.8 ml of 0.02 M KMnO 4 for complete oxidation. What are the oxidation states of the metal in the two reactions? 60. 1.20 gm of sample of Na2CO3 and K2CO3 was dissolved in water to form 100 ml of a solution. 20 ml of this solution required 40 ml of 0.1 N HCl for complete neutralization. Calculate the weight of Na2CO3 in mixture. If another 20 ml of this solution is treated with excess of BaCl2 what will be the weight of the precipitate? 61. What is the weight of sodium bromate and molarity of solution to prepare 85.5 mL of 0.672 N solution when half cell reaction is Br** + 6H+ + 6e Br + 3H2O 62. A solution 0.1 M KMnO4 is used for the reaction S2** + 2Mn** + H2O MnO2 + S* + OH What volume of solution in mL will be required to react with 0.158 gm of Na2S2O3 63. A sample of MnO4. 4H2O is strongly heated in air. The residue Mn3O4 left was dissolved in 100 ml of 0.1 N FeSO4 containing dil. H2SO4. This solution was completely reacted with 50 ml of KMnO4 solution. 20 ml of this KMnO4 solution was completely reduced by 30 ml of 0.1 N FeSO4 solutions. Calculate the amount of MnO4. 4H2O in sample. 64. 25 ml of H2O2 solution were added to excess of acidified solution of Kl. The iodine so liberated required 20 ml of 0.1 N Na2S2O3 for titration. Calculate the strength of H2O2 in terms of normality and volume strength. 65. The weight of one litre sample of ozonized oxygen at NTP was found to be 1.5 g when 100 ml of this mixture at NTP were treated with turpentine oil. The volume was reduced to 90 ml. Calculate the MW of ozone. 66. One litre sample of hard water contains 1 mg of CaCl2 and 1 mg of MgCl2. Find the total hardness of water in terms of CaCO3 per 106 parts of water by weight. 67. A sample of Mg was burnt in air to give a mixture of MgO and Mg3N2. The ash was dissolved in 60 meq of HCl and resulting solution was back titrated with NaOH. 12 meq of NaOH were required to reach the end point. An excess of NaOH was then added and the solution distilled. The ammonia released was then trapped in 10 meq of second acid solution. Back titration of this solution required 6 meq of the base. Calculate the percentage of Mg burnt to nitride. 68. 25 ml of a solution of Na2CO3 having a specific gravity of 1.25 g/ml required 32.9 ml of a solution of HCl containing 109.5 g of the acid per litre for complete neutralization. Calculate the volume of 0.84 N H2SO4 that will be completely neutralized by 125 g of Na2CO3 solution. 69. 0.5 g sample containing MnO2 is treated with HCl liberating Cl2, the Cl2 is passed into a solution Kl and 30.0 cm3 of 0.1 M Na2S2O3 are required to titrate the librated iodine. Calculate the percentage of MnO2 in sample [Given : Atomic weight of Mn = 55] 70. A sample of hydrazine (N2H6SO4) was dissolved in 100 ml water. 10 ml of this solution was reacted with excess of FeCl3 solution and warmed to complete the reaction. Ferrous ions formed were estimated and it required 20 ml of M/50 KMn** solution. Estimate the amount of hydrazine sulphate in one litre of solution. Given : 4Fe+3 N2H4 N2 + 4Fe+2 + 4H+ MnO4 + 5Fe+2 + 8H+ Mn+2 + 5F+3

71. A solution of H2O2 labelled as 20 volumes was left open due to this some H 2O2 decomposed and volume strength of solution decreased. To determine the new volume strength of the H2O2 solution, 10 ml of the solution was taken and it was diluted to 100 ml 10 ml of this diluted solution was titrated against 25 ml of 0.0245 M KMnO4 solution under acidic condition. Calculate the volume strength of the H2O2. 72. A sample of coal gas contains 50% H2, 30%CH4, 14% CO and 6% C2H4. 100 ml of coal gas is mixed with 150 ml of O2 and the mixture is exploded. What will be the volume and composition of mixture when cooled to original conditions? 73. A sample of calcium carbonate contains impurities which do not react with a mineral acid. When 2 grams of the sample were reacted with the mineral acid, 375 ml. of carbon dioxide were obtained at 27oC and 760 mm. pressure. Calculate the % purity of the sample of CaCO3? 74. Sodium chlorate, NaClO3, na be prepared by the following series of reactions 2KMnO4 + 16 HCl 2KCl + 2MnCl2 + 8H2O + 5Cl2 6Cl2 + 6Ca(OH)2 Ca(ClO3)2 + 5CaCl2 + 6H2O Ca(ClO3)2 + Na2SO4 CaSO4 + 2NaClO3 What mass of NaClO3 can be prepared from 100 cc of concentrated HCl (density = 1.18 g cm3, 36 mass % HCl)? Assume all other substances are present in excess amounts. 75. 5g of pyrolusite (impure MnO2) were heated with conc. HCl and Cl2 evolved was passed through excess of Kl solution. The iodine liberated required 40 mL of ** hypo solution. Find the % of MnO2 in the pyrolusite. 76. A mineral consists of an equimolar mixture of the carbonates of two bivalent meatals. One metal is present to the extent of 13.2% by weight. 2.58 g. of the mineral on heating lost 1.233 g. of CO2. Calculate the % by weight of the other metal. 77. 200 gms. of marble chips are dropped into one kilogram of solution of HCl containing one tenth of its weight of the pure acid. How much of chips will remain undissolved. What weight of anhydrous calcium chloride and what weight of CO 2 gas could be obtained from it? 78. 1.6 gm of pyrolusite was treated with 50 mL of 0.5 M oxalic acid and some sulphuric acid. The oxalic acid left undecomposed was raised to 250 in a flask. 25 ml this solution when treated with 0.02 M KMnO4 required 32 mL of the solution. Find the % of MnO2 in the sample and also the percentage of available oxygen. 79. One gram of an alloy of aluminium and magnesium when heated with excess of dil. HCl forms magnesium chloride, aluminum chloride and hydrogen. The evolved hydrogen collected over mercury at 0oC has a volume of 1.2 litres at 0.92 atm. Pressure. Calculate the composition of the alloy. 80. A mixture of pure K2Cr2O7 and pure KMnO4 weighing 0.561 g. was treated with excess of Kl in acidic medium. Iodine liberated required 100 ml. of 0.15 M of sodium thiosulphate solution for exact oxidation. What is the % of each in the mixture? 81. A 1.85 g. sample of a mixture of CuCl2 and CuBr2 was dissolved in water and mixed thoroughly with a 1.8 g. portion of AgCl. After the reaction the solid, a mixture of AgCl and AgBr, was filtered, washed, and dried. Its mass was found to be 2.052 g. What percent by mass of the original mixture was CuBr2? 82. The neutralization of solution of 1.2 g. of a substance containing a mixture of H2C2O4. 2H2O, KHC2O4. H2O and different impurities of a neutral salt consumed 18.9

ml. of 0.5 N NaOH solutions. On titration with KMnO4 solution, 0.4 g. of the same substance needed 21.55 ml. of 0.25 N KMnO4. Calculate the % compositon of the substance. 83. A solution contains a mixture of sulphuric acid and oxalic acid, 25 ml. of the solution requires 35.54 ml. of 0.1 M NaOH for neutralization and 23.45 ml of 0.02 M KMnO4 for oxidation. Calculate the molarity of solution with respect to sulphuric acid and oxalic acid. 84. Lgniting MnO2 in air converts it quantitatively to Mn3O4. A sample of pyrolusite is of the following composition: MnO2 = 80%, SiO2 and other inert impurities = 15%, rest being water. The sample is ignited to constant weight. What is the percentage of Mn in the ignited residue? 85. A sample of hydrazine sulphate (N2H6SO4) was dissolved in 500 mL water. 10 mL of this solution was reacted with excess of FeCl3 solution and warmed to complete the reaction. Ferrous ions formed were estimated and it required 20 mL of ** KMnO4 solution. Estimate the amount of hydrazine sulphate in one litre solution. Give that 4Fe3+ + N2H4 N2 + 4Fe2+ + 4H+ MnO4 + 5Fe2+ + 8H+ Mn2+ + 5Fe3+ + 4H2O 86. 1 gm mixture containing equal number of moles of carbonates of two alkali metals required 44.4 ml of 0.5 N HCl for complete neutralization. The atomic weight of one metal is 7. Find the atomic weight of other metal. Also calculate the amount of sulphate formed on quantitative conversion of 1.0 gm of the mixture into sulphates. 87. 1 gm of mixture of Na2CO3 and K2CO3 was made upto 250 ml in aqueous solution was neutralized by 20 ml of HCl of unknown concentration. The neutralized solution required 16.24 ml of 0.1 N AgNO3 for precipitation. Calculate. (a) The % of K2CO3 in mixture (b) Conc. of HCl in gm/litre (c) Molaritiy of HCl 88. n-Butane is produced by the monobromination of ethane, followed by the Wurtz reaction. Calculate the volume of ethane at STP that would be required to produce 55 g of n-Butane if the monobromination occurs with 85% (by mole) yield and the Wurtz reaction occurs with 90% (by mole) yield. The reactions are : C2H6 + Br2 C2H5Br + HBr (monobromination) (Ethane) 2C2H5Br + 2Na C4H10 + 2NaBr (Wurtz reaction) (Butane) 89. 2. 480 gm KClO3 are dissolved in conc. HCl solution and chlorine gas evolved in the reaction was then passed through a solution of Kl and liberated iodine was treated with 100 mL of hypo solution 12.3 mL of same hypo solution required 24.6 mL of 0.5 N iodine for complete neutralization. Calculate % purity of KClO3 sample. 90. To a 25 ml H2O2 solution, excess of acidified solution of Kl was added. The iodine liberated required 20 ml 0.3 N Na2S2O3 solution. Calculate the volume strength of H2O2. 91. A 8.0 g sample contained Fe3O4, Fe2O3 and inert materials. It was treated with an excess of aqueous Kl solution in acidic medium, which reduced all the iron to Fe+2 ions. The resulting solution was diluted to 50.0 cm3 and a 10.0 cm3 of it was

taken. The liberated iodine in this solution required 7.2 cm3 of 1.0 M Na2S2O3 for reduction to iodide. The iodine from another 25.0 cm3 sample was extracted, after which the Fe+2 ions was titrated against 1.0 M KMnO4 in acidic medium. The volume of KMnO4 solution used was found to be 4.2 cm2. Calculate the mass percentages of Fe3O4 and of Fe2O3 in the original mixture. 92. A sample of ferrous sulphate and ferrous oxalate was dissolved in dil. H2SO4. The complete oxidation of reaction mixture required 40 mL of ** KMnO4. After the oxidation, the reaction mixture was reduced by Zn and H2SO4. On again oxidation by same KMnO4, 25 mL were re