TRANSFORMER PROTECTION SYSTEM Mini project submitted to the Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University in partial fulfillment of the requirements

for the award of the degree of Bachelor of technology in Electrics and Electronics Engineering.

Project by B.Munieshwar A.Amalodbhavi G.Varun Babu R.Sai Krishna 08UQ1A0239 08UQ1A0201 08UQ1A0225 08UQ1A0203

Under the guidance of V.Hepsi Sowjanya Assistant professor

Department of EEE VIGNAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE Deshmukhi(V), Pochampally(M) Nalgonda-5082284 2008-2012

A.tech in Electrics and Electronics Engineering to the Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University is a record of bonafied work carried out under opur guidance and supervision. Signature of the head of the department. Pochampally(M) Nalgonda-5082284 2008-2012 . G.Amalodbhavi. Signature of supervisor/guide Name and Designation. R.Sai Krishna in partial fulfillment for the award of b.CERTIFICATE This to certify that the mini project entitled ³TRANSFORMER PROTECTION SYSTEM´ is being submitted by B. Department of EEE VIGNAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE Deshmukhi(V). The results emboided in this mini project have not been submitted to any other university or institute for the award of any degree or diploma.Munieshwar.Varun Babu.

External Examiner : (signature with date) Internal Examiner : Head of the Department : .CERTIFICATE This to certify that the mini project entitled ³TRANSFORMER PROTECTION SYSTEM´ is being submitted by B. G.tech in Electrics and Electronics Engineering to the Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University is a record of bonafied work carried out under opur guidance and supervision.Amalodbhavi.Munieshwar.Sai Krishna has been examined and adjudged as sufficient for the partial fulfillment for the award of b.Varun Babu. A. R.

Sai krishna. G.O. B. We convey our sincere thanks to the staff of Electrics and Electronics department and the lab technicians for providing the required manuals which helped us in taking up the mini project and successfully completing it. . A. Finally. We are thankful to V.Munieshwar. We are also grate ful to our well-wishers and friends.Varun Babu. By. R.Amalodbhavi.Principal and Management for providing the required facilities to complete our mini project successfully. We wish to convey our sincere thanks to our H. we would like to thank our parents for their exemplary tolerance and giving their support in our endeavours.D of Electrics and Electronics Engineering for his masterly supervision and valuable suggestions for the successful completion of our mini project.Hepsi Sowjanya . whose cooperation and some suggestions had helped us in completing the project successfully.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We wish to express our candid gratitude to Director.Assistant Professor and our guide for her professional advice encouragement in starting this seminar work and academic guidance during the course of this mini project.

We can use simple microcontroller or advanced embedded microcontroller. We would like to utilize fir sensors. Only when the transformers are active. PT¶s. signal conditioners. When we use advanced embedded controller. fire. There are much parameters are available in transformers apart from above but the above said are most important than any. low voltage or high voltage. power distribution is possible. We would like to protect the transformers from various hazards like overload. . CTS. we can avoid lot of electronic components and cost could be reduced. embedded/microcontroller display system for effective transformer protection.Abstract: Protecting the transformers is very essential in electrical power system distribution.

1 Introduction 2.1 Schematic description 4.5 Relays 3.INDEX Pg no: CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.2 Introduction CHAPTER 2 DESCRIPTIPON OF PROJECT 2.7 Transformer CHAPTER 4 SCHEMATIC DESCRIPTION ABOUT PROJECT 4.3 16F877 architecture 3.3 Software code CHAPTER 6 SUMMARY TO PROJECT 6.4 LCD display 3.2 References .1 Embedded Systems 1.2 Kiel µ vision3 5.2 Ports function of Microcontroller CHAPTER 5 SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION 5.2 WHY 16f877 3.6 Analog to Digital converters 3.1 Microcontroller 3.1 About software 5.2 Project Formulation 2.1 Conclusion 6.3 Block Diagram CHAPTER 3 HARDWARE COMPONENTS 3.

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