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52 James 1848-1854

52 James 1848-1854

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THE EPISTLE

OF

JAMES.
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1 servant. Ap. 190. 2. God. Ap. 98. I. i. 1. Lord. Ap. 98. VI. I, {:I. 2. B. which are ° scattered abroad, 0 greeting. 2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye 0 fall Jesus Christ. Ap. 98. XI. Only here and 2.. 1 in this epistle. into divers ° temptations; twelve. of the separate houses of 3 0 Knowing this, that the ° trying of your Judah and No suggestionthe complete number. Israel. Note o faith worketh ° patience. soattered abroad=in (Gr. en) the dispersion (Gr. 4 But let 3 patience have her 0 perfect work, diaspol'a. See John 7. 36). o that ye may be 0 perfect and 0 entire, 0 wantgreeting. Gr. chairo. Used in this sense in Acts 15. 23; 28. 26. Gen." rejoice". ing 0 nothing. 8 fall. Gr. peripipto. See Acts 27. u. B 5 0 If 0 any of you 0 lack wisdom, let him 0 ask temptations = trials. Cp, Luke 22. 28. Acts 20.19. o of 1 God, That giveth to all men liberally, 1 Pet. 1. 6; 4. 12. Ap. 132. r. Ii, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given 3 Knowing. trying = testing. G1' dokimicm. Only here and 1 Pet. him. 6 But let him 5 ask ° in 3 faith, ° nothing 1. 7. ° wavering. For he that ° wavereth ° is like faith. Ap, 150. II. 1. Read, "your tested faith". Cp, Rom. 5. 3. a ° wave of the sea ° driven with the wind and patienoe. 4 perfeot. Ap. 125. 1. ° tossed. that = in order that. Gr. hina. 7 For let 5 not that ° man ° think that he shall entire. Gr. holokleroB. Only here and 1 Thess. 5. 23. receive 0 any thing fj of the ° Lord. wanting=lacking. Gr. leipiJ. See 2. 16. SAo double minded ° man is 0 unstable 6 in all nothing=in (Gr. en) nothing (Gr. medeis). 5 If = But if. Ap. 118. 2. a. his ways. any. Ap. 123. 3. lack. Gr. leipD, as e. f. Be 9 Let 0 the brother of low degree ° rejoice 6 in ask. Ap. 134. I. 4. of=from. Ap. 104. xii. 1. ° that he is exalted: liberally. Gr. haploB. Only here. 'l'he noun in 2 Cor. 9. i i, rs, not. Ap. 105.11. 10 But the rich, 6 in ° that he is madelow : 8 in. Ap. 10(. viii. D because as the ° flower of the grass he shall nothing. Gr. medeiB, as v. 4. pass away. wavering. Ap. 122.4. Cp. Matt. 7. 7, 8. 11 For the sun ° is no sooner risen with a is like. Gr. eoika. Only here and v. 23. The root ° burning heat, 0 but it withereth the grass, (obs.) is eikD; cp. eikon, image. and the 10 flower thereof ° falleth, and the °grace wave. See Luke 8. 2l. driven. Gr. anemizo7llai. Only here. of the ° fashion of it ° perisheth : tossed. Gr. ,·hipizomai. Only here . E so 0 also shall the rich man 0 fade away 6 in his ., man. Ap, 123. 1. think. Duly here and Phil. 1. 16. See .Tohn 21. 26. ° ways. any thing. Ned. of'tiB. Ap. 123. 8. 12 ° Blessed is the 8man that endureth 2 temp- Lord. Ap, 98. VI. I, 8. 2. A. Gr. dipsuchos. Only here and tation: for when he ° is "tried, be shall receive 8 double minded. the crown of life, which the 7 Lord hath pro- 4. 8. There is no verb, but .. double minded" and " un stable " qualify" that man ", Cp, Ps, 119. 113. mised to them that ° love Him. man. Ap. 13 Let ° no man say when he is tempted, I am unstable. 123. 2. GT. tempted ° of 1 God: for I God ° cannot be tempted noun, Luke 21. 9. akatastatos. Only here and 8. 8. The with ° evil, 0 neither tempteth ~e any man: 9 the brother, &c.=the lowly (Gr. tapeino«. See 14 But 0 every man is tempted, 0 when he is Rom. 12. 16)brother. rejoioe. See Rom. 2. 17. drawn away ° of his own ° lust, and ° enticed. that he is exalted e.his exaltation. Gr. hUpSOB. See 15 Then ° when Blust hath conceived, it bring- Luke 1.78. eth forth 0 sin: and ° sin, when it is ° finished, 10 that he is made low = his humbling (Gr. tapeinOBis. See Acts 8. 33). o bringeth forth ° death. flower. Gr. ant has. Only here; V. 11. I Pet. 1. 2f. 16 Do 5 not err, my ° beloved brethren. 11 is no sooner risen. Lit. rose. ----------------------, with. Ap.104. xvi. n.=the. burning heat. Gr. kauson. Only here; Matt. 20. 12. Luke 12. 06. but, &c.=and withered. faUeth =fe11. Same word in Rom. 9.6. graoe. Ap. 184. I. 8. fasbion. Lit. presenee or face ('11.23). perisheth = perished. Gr. apollumi, See Rom. 14. Iii. also shall, &c.= shull the rich man also. fade away. Gr. maraino. Only here. ways. Gr.l)Oreia. Only here and Luke 13.22. Not the same word as In v, 8. 18 Blessed. Gr. makarios, us in Matt. 5.8, &c. i8=hath become. tried = tested. Gr. dokimos. Elsewhere trans. "approved". See Rom. 14. 18. life. Ap.170.1. love. Ap. 135. 1.1. CpoHeb, 12. 6, 6. 13 no man e no one. Gr. medei»: of; from. Ap. 104. iv. oannot be, &o.=is incapable of being tempted. Gr. apeirasto«: Only here. evil. Ap. 128. III. 2. neither tempteth ~e any man = and He Himself tempteth no one (Gr. oudei8). 14 every man =eaoh one. when, &0.= being drawn away. Gr. exelkomai, Only here. of. Ap. 104. xviii. 1. lust. See .Tohn 8. H, and cp, Rom. 7. 7. entioed. Gr. deleazo. Onl.v here and 2 Pet. 2. U, 18. 15 when lust, &0.= lust, having conceived. Bin. Ap. 128. I. ii. 1. flnfshed e-completely finished. Gr. apoteleD. Only bere. bringeth forth. Gr. apokueiJ. Dilly here and v. 18. death. See Rom. 6. 21. 18 Do not err= Be not deceived. beloved. Ap. 135. III.
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God and 1JAMES,a ° servant of the ° twelve of the ° Lord ° Jesus Christ, to tribes

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17 Every good gift and every 4 perfect a gift 17 gift. Gr. dosis. Only here and Phil. 4. 16. is from above, °and cometh down °from the gift. Gr. darema. Only here and Rom. 5. 16. o Father of lights, with Whom is no from above. Gr. anotlten. See John 3. 3. °variableness, ° neither a shadow °of °turning. and cometh = coming. from. Ap. 104.iv. 18 Of His own will begat He us with the Father. Ap. 98. III. °word of truth, that we should be a kind of lights. Ap. 130. 1. with. Ap. 104. xii. 2. firstfruits of His a creatures. iii no. Lit. there is not (Ap. 105. I) present (Gr. 19 Wherefore, my 16beloved brethren, let eneimi). every 7 man be °swift °to hear, slow to speak, varia.bleness. Gr. parallagii. Only here. slow a to wrath: neither = or. Gr. apoekiasma. Only here. 20 For the wrath of 8 man worketh a not the shaIow. of. 1. e. cast by, or due to. a righteousness of 1 God. turning. Gr. trope. Only here. 21 Wherefore lay apart all a filthiness and a superfluity of a naughtiness, and receive a with a meekness the engrafted 18word, which is 1. 18-g7 (E, p. 1847). GOD'8 WORD AND ITS EFl!'ECTS. (Introve)'sion and Alternation.) able to save your °souls. 22 But °be ye doers of the 18word, and Ii not E F 118. Statement. G a I 19. Exhortation. o hearers only, ° deceiving your own selves. b I 20. Renson, 23 For e if Ii any be a 22 hearer of the 18 word, G a I 21, 22. Exhortation. and 20not a doer, ~e 6 is like °unto a 8 man ° beb I 2:1-26.Reason. F I 26, 27. Statement. holding ° his natural face 6 in a °glass: 24 For he °beholdeth himself, and °goeth his 18 Of His own will = Having willed, AI'. 102. 3. way, and straightway °forgetteth what man- begat. Gr. apokueo. See v. 16. word. Ap. 121. 10. Cp.l Pet. 1. 2~. ner of °man he was. 25 But °whoso looketh into ° the °perfect that=to the end that. Gr. eis, Ap. 104.vi. a kind firstfruits (Gr. tiB) law of liberty, and ° continueth therein, ~e aparche). of See Rom. 8. = a certainRom. It. flrstfruit; (Gr. 23. Op, 16. 22 being 20 not a ° forgetful 22 hearer, but a doer of creatures. See 1 'rim. 4. 4. o the work, °this man shall be 12blessed 6 in his 19 swift. Gr. tachus, Only here, but the adw occ, o deed. frequently. speak. Ap. 121. 7. 26 Ii If Ii any man among you °seem to be to. Ap. 104. vi. righteousness. Ap. 191. B. °religious, and °brldleth Ii not his tongue, but ao not. Ap. 105. I. Gr. rluiparia. Only here. Cp.2. 2. °deceiveth his own heart, this °man's °religion 21 filthiness. 1 Pet. S. 21. Rev. 22. 11. is ° vain. Gr. pel·i88eia. See Rom. 27 Pure 26 religion and undefiled before 5.superfiuity=abundance. 17. I God and the 17Father is this, to °visit the naughtiness. Ap: 128. II. 2. "Naughty" and °fatherless and widows 6 in their °aftliction, " naughtiness" had a much more forcible meaning in and to keep himself °unspotted 17 from the King James's day than now. Cp. Provo 6. 12; 11. 6; °world. 17••. Jer. 24.2. with. Ap. 104. viii.
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My brethren, °have °not the °faith of our o Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of a glory, a with °respect of persons. 2 For "If there come °unto your °assembly a oman °with a gold ring, Din "goodly apparel, and there come in °also a °poor man a 10 a vile °raiment;
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meekness. Gr. prailteB. Only here j 3. 13. 1 Pet. S. 16. Cp, Ap. 127. B. en grafted Implanted. Gr. emphutos. Only here. Not the word in Rom. 11. 17-24. souls. Ap. 110. III. 2. 22 be = become. hearers. Gr. akroaies, Only here, vv. 23, 26. Rom. 2. 13. deceiving. Gr. pamlogizomai, to deceive by false reasoning. Only here and Col. 2. 4. 23 unto e to. beholding. Gr. katanoeo. Gen. rendered" consider." Ap. 133. II. 4. his natural face. Lit. the face (v. 11) of his birth (Gr. genesis. Only here, 3. 6, and Matt. 1. 1). glass = mirror. Gr. eeoptron. Only here and 1 Cor. IS. H. 24. beholdeth= beheld. Seev.23. goeth, &c.=departed. forgetteth= forgot. man = man. !ilia whoso =he that. looketh. Lit. stooped down (to look). Gr. pa1'Okupto. Ap. 133. IlL 2. See John 20. Ii. into. Ap. 104. vi. the perfect, &c. = the perfect law, that ofliberty. perfect. Ap. 125. 1. continueth=continued. Gr. parameno. See 1 Cor. 16. 6. ~e. 'I'he texts omit. forgetful hearer = hearer of forgetfulness. Ap. 17. 1. forgetful. Gr. epilesmonii. Only here. the. Omit. this man this one. deed e doing, Gr. poiesis. Only here. !illSman = one. among you. The texts omit. seem = thinks himself. Cp. 4. 5. religious. Gr. threBkoB. Only here in N.T., and nowhere found in Classical Greek. It means a careful follower of the observances connected with his belief. bridleth. Gr. chalitlagoyeo. Only here and 3. 2. decei veth. Gr. apatao. See Epb. 5. 6. religion. Gr. thre8keia. See Acts 26. 5. vain. Gr. 1IIataios. See Acts 14. Iii. • !ill unde7 filed. Gr. amiantos. See Heb. 7. 26. before. Ap. 104. xii. 2. visit. Ap. 133. III. 5. Op. Matt. 25. 36, 43. Personal interest and sympathy are enjoined. Op. Mic. 6. 8. fatherless. Gr. orplumos. Only here and John 14. 18. a.ftl.iction. See Acts 7. 10. unspotted. Gr. aspilos. See 1 Tim. 6. H. world. Ap. 129. 1. 2. 1 ha.ve = bold. not. Ap. 105. II. faith. Ap. 150. II. 1. Lord. Ap.98. VI. I. {3. 2. A. Jesus Christ. Ap. 98. XI. glory. Op, 1 Cor. 2. 8. See p. 1511. with. Ap. 104. viii. respect of persons. Gr. proBopolepsia. See Rom. 2. 11. a if. Ap.118. 1. h. unto. Ap. 104.vi. assembly = synagogue. Gr. 8!tnagoge. Ap. 120. I. man. Ap. 128. 2. with a gold ring. Lit. gold-ringed. Gr. chrusodaktulio8. Only here. in. Ap. 104. viii. goodly = bright, or shining. Gr. lampros. Here, v. 3 (gay). Luke 23. 11. Acts 10. 30. Rev. 15.6; lB. It; 19. ~; 22. 1,16. apparel. Gr. eBtMs. In this and in the next verse transl. by three different words, "apparel ", "raiment ", "clothing". Op, Luke 23. 11. Acts 1.10 ; 10. :10; 12. 21. also, &c. = a poor man also. poor. Ap. 127. 1. vile. Gr. rhuparos. Only here. Cp.1.21.
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JAMES.

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3 And ye have respect to him that weareth the 2 gay 2 clothing, and say unto him, "Sit U,Olt here in a good place;" and say to the 2 poor," Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool: " 4 Are ye not then partial 2 in yourselves, and are becomejudges of evil thoughts ? 5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath {not o God chosen the 2 poor of this world rich 2 in I faith, and heirs of the kingdom which He o hath promised to them that love Him? 6 But ge o have °despised the °poor. Do 4 not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats ? 7 Do 4 not U,CJI blaspheme that °worthy °name o by the which ye are °called? G 8 ° If ye fulfil the royal law according to the o Scripture, .. Thou shalt 0 love thy neighbour as thyself," ye do well: 9 But Sifye o have respect to persons, ye com][ mit °sin, °and are convinced °of the law as o transgressors. 10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet °offend 2 in one point, he °is guilty of all. If n For He That said, "Do I not commit adultery," °said also, "Do Inot kill." Now 8if thou commit °no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a 9 transgressor of the law. 12 So °speak ye, and so do, as they that °shall be judged by the law of liberty. 13 For °he shall have judgment °without mercy, that hath shewed °no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment. p 14 What doth it °profit, my brethren, °though "a man say he hath 1 faith, and have 1not works? can 1faith save him? 15 2 If a brother or sister °be naked, and ° destitute of daily food, 16 And one of you say 3 unto them, "Depart 2 in peace, be ye warmed and filled;" notwithstanding ye give them 1 not those things which are °needful to the body; 14 what doth it Hprofit? 17 Even so 1 faith, 2 if it hath 1 not 14 works, is o dead, being alone. 18 Yea, 14 a man may say, "~f,ou hast 1 faith, and 3 have uworks: shew me thy 1 faith o without thy 14 works, and 3 will shew thee my 1 faith o by my 14 works." 19 ~l}oll believest that there is one 5 God; thoudoest well: the °devils also °believe, and o tremble. 20 But °wilt thou know, 0 vain man, that 1 faith 18 without 14 works is ° dead? 21 Was 4 not Abraham our father justified lSby Hworks, when he had offered Isaac his o son upon the altar? 22 Seest thou how 1 faith wrought with his 14 works, and is by 14 works was 1 faith °made perfect? 23 And the 8 Scripture was fulfilled which satth, "A.braham believed 5 God, and It was
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3 have respeot. Ap. 133. III. 4. unto-sto. to. Ap. 104. ix, B. in a good place. Lit. well. Gr. kolos. under. Ap. 104. xviii. 2. 4 Are ... partial. Ap. 122.4. not. Ap. 105. I. of. Gen. of quality or character. Ap. 17. 1. evil. Ap. 128. III. 1. thoughts = reasonings. See Matt. 15. 19. 0 0 IS beloved. Ap. 135. III. Hath ... ehosen e Did ... choose. God. Ap, 98. I. i. 1. this=the. world. Ap. 129. 1. kingdom. See App. 112-114. hath. Omit. 0 love. Ap. 135. I. 1. 6 have. Omit. despised = shamed. Gr. atimazo. See Acts 5. u. poor. Sing., as v. 2. 0 0 oppress. See Acts 10. 38. draw=themselves drag. Or. helk». See Acts 21. so, before = to. Ap. 104. vi. judgment seats. Ap. 177. 8. 7 that = the. worthy = honourable. Gr. kales. See Rom. 12. 17. name. See Acts 2. 38 j In. 26. by the which, &c. =which is called upon (Ap, 104. ix. 3) you. oallod. See Acts 2. 21. 8 If. Ap. 118. 2. a. royal. Gr. basiliko«. See John 4.46. aooording to. Ap. 104. x. 2. Soripture. Gr. gJ'aphi!. The quotation is from Lev. 19. 1~. 9 have respeot, &c. Gr. pr08opolepteo. Only here. Cp, v. 1 and Acts 10. 34. See Lev. 19. 10. 0 0 0 sin. Ap. 128. I. ii. 1. and are, &c.= being convicted. Gr. elencho. See 1 Cor. 14. 2i (convince). of. Ap. 104. xviii.!. 0 transgressors. Ap. 128. VI. 3. 10 offend = stumble. Gr. ptaio. See Rom. 11. 11. 0 0 is = has been. guilty. See Deut. 27. 2r.. Matt. 26. Btl. Gal. 3. 10. 11 said also, &c. See Ex. 20. H, 13. no e not, V••• 0 0 shall=are about to. 18 speak. Ap. 121. '1. jud ged. Ap. 122. 1. by. Ap.. 104. V. 1. liberty. Cpo 1. 211. 13 he ... judgment = (therashall be)judgmenttohim. judgment., Ap. 177. 7. without meroy. Gr. anileo8. Only here. 0 no e not, as V. 1. rejoioeth against = boasteth over. Gr. katakauchaomai. See 3. Hand Rom.1t. 18. 14 What doth, &c. = What is the profit (Gr. ophelos)? See 1 Cor. 15. 32. though = if, as in V. 2. 0 a man = one. Ap. 123. s, works. CpoMat. 5. 16. oan, &c. Question preceded by me, assuming a neg. answer. 15 be. Gr. hwparchO. See Luke 9. 4S. destitute = Iaeking, Gr. leipo, as in 1. f, 6. daily. Gr. ephemero8. Only here. 16 one. Ap. 123. 3. as in v. H. of. Ap. 104. vii. needful. Gr. epitedeio«. Only here. 17 dead. Gr. mkros. Op, Ap. 139. alone=by (Ap. 104. x, 2) itself. 18 without = apart from. Gr. chiiris. 0 by. Gr. ek: Ap. 104. vii. U 19 believest. Ap. 150. 1. 1. iii. devils = demons. See Ap. 101. II. 12. believe. Ap. 150. I. 1. I, tremble=slmdder. Gr. phrisso. Only here. ao wilt. Ap. 102. 1. know. Ap. 132. I. ii. man. Ap. 123. 1. dead. In the Teretus Receptus the same as v. 17, but the texts read argos, idle or barren. See Matt. 12. 36 and 2 Pet. 1. 8. al justified. Ap. 191. 2. son. Ap. 108. iii. upon. Ap. 104. ix, 3. 88 Seest. Ap. 133. 1.5. wrought with. Gr.8tlflergeo. See Rom. 8.28. made perfeot. Ap. 125. 2. a3 fulfilled. Ap. 125.7. believed. Ap. 150. I. 1. ii.
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and he was called the friend of 5 God. 24 Ye Oseethen how that IB by works a 20man is 21 justified, and 4 not 18 by 1 faith only. 25 Likewise °also was 4 not Rahab the harlot 21justified 18 by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent them out °another way? 26 For as the body 18 without °the 0 spirit is 17 dead, °so 1 faith lrl without works is 17 dead also.
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condemnation. 2 For in many things we offend all. ° If 3. 1-14 (B, p. 1847). MAN'S WORD AND ITS o any man offend ° not °in °word, the same is EFFECTS. (Introve"sion and Alte,-nation.) a perfect man, and able °also to °bridle the E II I 1, 2. Deprecation. The tongue. whole body. J c1 I 3, 4. Comparisons. d1 10, 6. The tongue . •T c1 3 °Behold, we put °bits in the horses' mouths, c2 I 7. Comparisons. °that they may °obey us, and we °turn about d2 I 8-10. The tongue. their whole body. c3 I 11, 12. Comparisons. 4 °Behold °also the ships, which though they H I 13, H. Exhortation. Behaviour. be so great, and are driven °of °fierce winds, yet are they s turned about with a very small 3. 1 not. Ap. 105. II. masters = teachers. Ap. 98. XIV. v, 4. o helm, whithersoever the °governor listeth. knowing. Ap. 132. I. i. t d 5 Even so the tongue is a little member, and condemnation, Ap. 177. 6. °boasteth great things. .4 Behold, how °great g offend a11=a11 stumble. See 2. 10. If. Ap. 118. 2. a. a matter °a little fire a kindleth I 6 And the tongue is a fire, a ° world of ini- any man = anyone. Ap. 123. 3. in. Ap. 104. viii. quity: so °is the tongue among our members, not. Ap. 105. 1. o that it defileth the whole body, and ° setteth word. Ap. 121. 10. Ap. 12u. man. Ap. 123. 2. on fire the course of °nature; and" it is °set perfect.Should come1. also. after" body". on fire 40f a hell. bridle. See 1. 2fi. c'J 7 For every °kind of °beasts, and of birds, and 3 Behold. Ap. 133. I. ,2; but the texts read ei (Ap, of serpents, and of °things in the sea, is °tamed, 118. 2. a) de, "But if". bits. Gr. chalinos. Here and Rev. 14. 20. and hath been °tamed °of mankind: in. Ap. vi. S But the tongue can no man 7 tame; it is that =to 104. end that (Ap. 104. xv. 3), but the texts the an °unruly evil, full of deadly a poison. read eis (vi). 9 Therewith bless we a God,even the °Father ; obey. Ap. 150. I. 2. and therewith curse we 8 men, which are made turn about. Gr. metaglJ. Only here and v. 4. °after the a similitude of °God. 4 Behold. Ap. 133. 1. 2. also the ships = the ships also. 10 °Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, a these things ought of. Ap. 104. xviii. 1. fierce. Gr. sklero8. Elsewhere transl. "hard". 2 not so to be. with. Same as "of", above. 11 Doth a fountain °send forth a at the same helm. Gr. pedalion. Only here and Acts 27. 40. °place sweet water and °bitter? the governor Iisteth the impulse (Gr. hormi; Only 12 a Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear a olive here and Acts 14. II) of the governor wishes (Ap. 102.3). berries? either a vine, figs? °so can no foun- governor = helmsman, the one who directs, or makes straight (Gr. euthuno). Only here and John 1. 23. tain both yield salt water and fresh. & boasteth. Gr. aucbeo. Only here. H 13 Who is a wise man and °endued with great, &c.=mnch wood. Gr. hule. Only here.
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be °not many 3 My brethren, we shall receive themasters, knowing that greater
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imputed = reckoned. Gr. logizomai. See Rom. 2. 3 (thinkest). for. Ap. 104. vi. righteousness. Ap. 191. 3. Quoted from Gen. 15. 6 but it received a further fulfilment after 22. 10, which obtained the testimony of vv. 15-18. friend of God. See 2 Chron. 20. 7. Isa. 41. 8. 1014 see. Ap. 133. I. 8. 25 also, Should follow "harlot". sent ... out. Ap, 174. 10. another. Ap. 124. 2. 26 the. Omit. spirit. Ap. lOt. II. 6. See A.V. m., and ep, Gen. 2.7. so, &c. = so faith also.

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a little =- how little a. kindleth. See Acts 28. 2. 6 a = the. world. Ap, 129. 1. Used here in the sense of aggregate. iniquity. Ap. 128. VII. 1. is=is constituted or takes its place. Gr. kathistemi, as in 4. 4. among. Ap. 10£. viii. 2. that it de1lleth =the one defiling. Gr. spilolJ. Only here and Jude 23. and setteth, &c.= setting on fire. Gr. pklogizo. Only in this verse. Cp. 2 Thess. 1. 8. course, Gr. troches. Only here. nature. Gr. qenesis. See 1. 2:1. it is = being. hell. Ap. 131. I. 7 kind=nature. Gr. ptiueie. See Rom. 1. 26. beaats e wild beasts. things in the sea. Gr. enalio8. Only here. tamed. Gr. damazij, Only here, v. 8, and Mark 5.4. of= by. No prep. Dat. case. mankind = human (Gr. anihropinos. See Rom. 6.19) nature (Gr. phusie, above). 8 no man e no one (Gr. oudei8) of men (Ap. 123. 1). unruly. Gr. akataschetos. Only here, but the texts read akatastatos, unstable, restless, as in 1. B. evil. Ap. 128. III. 2. deadly. Gr. thanatephoro8. Only here. poison. Gr. iOB. See Rom. 3. 13. 9 Therewith = With (Ap. 104. viii) it. God. Ap, 98.1. i, 1, but tbe texts read" the Lord" (Ap. 98. VI. i. 1. A. b). Father. Ap. 98. III. after. Ap. 104. x. 2. similitude. Gr. komoilJsis. Only here. In the Sept.. in Gen. 1. 26. Ezek. 1. 10. Dan. 10. 16; &c. God. Ap. 98. I. i. 1. 10 Out of. Ap. 104. vii. these things, &c.=it is not fitting (Gr. cMe. Only here) that these things should so be. 11 send forth. Gr. bruo. Only here. at = out of: Ap. 104. vii. place =hole. Gr. ope. See Heb. 11. 38 (caves). bitter. Gr. pikros. Only here and v. H. HI Can, &c. Question preceded by me. olive berries = olives. so, &c. The texts read" neither (Gr. oute) can salt water bring forth, or produce, sweet". 13 endued with knowledge. Gr. epistemDn. Only here. Cp, Ap. 182. I. v, See Deut. 1. 13, 16; 4. 8. Isa, 5. 21; where the same word is used in the Sept. 1851

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JAMES.

4.12.

a=hi8. conversation = behaviour. SeeGal. 1. 13 .. with. Ap. 104. viii, as in v. 9. meekness. See 1. 21. 14 if. Ap. 118. 2. a. envying. Gr. zelo», See Acts 5.17. strife. Gr. eritheia. See Rom. 2. 8. glory Gr. kaiakauchaomai, D 15 This wisdom 0 descendeth 2 not ° from not. = boast. appear ill Gr. text. SeeRom.11. 18. Doesnot above, but is 0 earthly, 0 sensual, a devilish. against. Ap. 104. x, 1. 16 For where 14 envying and 14 strife is, there 16 deseendeth e Is comingdown. is ° confusion and every a evil work. from above. Gr. anothen, See 1. 17. Cp, 1. e. 17 But the wisdom that is 15from above is earthly. Gr. epiqeios. Seo 1 Cor. 15. 40. first pure, then a peaceable, a gentle, and a easy sensual. Gr. pSllchikos. See I Cor. 2. u. to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, devilish=demoniacaL Gr. daimonii5de8. Only here. a without partiality, and a without hypocrisy. 16 confusion = commotion, or unrest. Gr. akata18 And the fruit of righteousness IS sown 2 in stasia. SeoLuke 21. 9. Cp, V. 8. evil. Gr. phauioe. See John S. 20. peace a of them that make peace. 17 pure. Gr. hagnos. See 2 Cor. 7.11. peaoeable. Gr. eirenikos. Only here and Heb. 12. i r, From whence come a wars "and a fightings Peacemust not be sought at the expenseof truth. o among you? come they a not hence, even gentle. Gr. epieikes. See Phil. 4. II. a of your a lusts that a war ° in your members? easy, &c. Gr. eupeithes. Onlyhere. 2 Ye lust, and have I not: ye kill, and a desire without partiality. Gr. adiakriios, Only here. Cpo to have, and a cannot a obtain: ye a fight and Ap, 122. 4. without hypocrisy. Gr. anupokritos. See Rom. a war, yet ye have 1not, a because ye a ask a not. 3 Ye 2 ask, and receive 1not, because ye 2 ask 12. V. Cp. Ap. 122. 9. 18 Ap. ° amiss, "that ye may a consume it a upon your of= righteousness. prep. 191. 3.case. by, or for. No Dat. 1lusts. 4 ° Ye adulterers and ° adulteresses, 0 know 4. 1 wars. Gr. polemos. SeeMatt. 24. 6. ye 1not that the friendship of the a world is and. The texts add "whence". ° enmity with a God? whosoever therefore fightings. Gr. mache, See 2 Cor. 7. II. . ° will be a friend of the a world a is the enemy among. Ap. 104. viii. 2. not. Ap. 105. I. of. Ap, 104. vii. of ° God. 5 0 Do ye think that the Scripture saith a in lusts = pleasures. Gr. hedone. SeeTit. 3. 3. war. Gr. st1·ateuomai. See 1 Cor. 9. 7. vain, The a spirit that dwelleth lin us lusteth in. Ap. 104. viii. Ito envy? II desire to have = covet earnestly. Gr. zelDa. See Be 6 But He giveth a more grace. Wherefore Acts 7. 9. He saith, 4" God o resisteth the 0 proud, but can not e are not (Ap, 105. I) able to. obtain. See Rom. 11. 7. giveth o grace 0 unto the 0 hmuble." Gr. machoma.i. See Acts 7. 7 Submit y'0urselves therefore to 4 God. Re- fight. Gr. polemeo. Only here and2.'. 2. J6 ; 12. 7; war. Rev. sist the devil, and he will flee a from you. 13. {j 17. a ; 19. II. Note the different wordsfor war 8 Draw nigh to 4 God, and He will draw nigh in these two verses. to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and because, &c.= 011 account of (Ap. 104. v, 2) your not a purify your hearts, ye double minded. asking. 9 a Be affticted, and mourn, and weep: let ask. Ap. 134. I. 4. not. Ap. 105. II. your a laughter be turned a to mourning, and 3 .amiss = with evil intent. Gr. kakts. Cp, Ap. 128. III. 2. your joy °to a heaviness. that=in order that. Gr. hina. lO a Humble yourselves in the sight of the consume = spend. See Luke 15. B. a LORD, and He shall a lift you up. upon = in (gratifying). Ap. 104. viii. 4 Ye adulterers and. The texts omit. D 11 a Speak 2 not evil ° one of another, brethren. adulteresses. CpoMatt. 12. 39. Jer. 3. 9. Ezek. He that "speaketh evil of his brother, and a judgeth his brother, a speaketh evil of the 16 j 23. Hos. 2 j &c. know. Ap. 132. I. i. law, and "judgeth thelaw: but ° if thou "judge the law, thou art 1not a doer of the law, but a friendship. Gr. philia. Only here. world. Ap. 129. 1. judge. 12 There is one "Lawgiver, Who is able to enmity. Gr. echihra, See Rom. 8. 7. Ap. 102.3. God. Ap. 98. T. i. 1. will. is = is constituted, or constitutes himself,as in S. 6. 6 Do ye=Or do yeo in vain. Gr. kenos. Onlyhere. The adj. oce, frequently. spirit. Ap. 101. II. 6. to. Ap. 104. xv. 3. 'l'his can only refer to the general testimony of Scripture that the natural man is prone to selfishdesires, leading to envy of others who possessthe things desired. Cp, Gen. 6. 5; 8.21. 6 more; greater. grace; Ap. 184. I. 1. This has referenceto the nownature. 'Cp.1 Cor. 2. J2. resisteth. Gr. antita88omai. SeeActs 18. 6. proud. SeeRom. 1. 30. unto = to. humble = lowly. Cp.I. 9. Matt.H. 29. Quotedfrom Provo3. 3~. 7 from. Ap. 104. iv. 8 purify. GI·.hagnizo. See Acts 21. u. Used of Levitical purifying four times. Used here, 1 Pet. 1. 22. 1 John 3. :1, in a spiritual sense. double minded. See 1. 8. 9 Be afflicted. Gr. talaipores. Only here. Op, 5.1. Rom. 7. 2{. laughter. Gr. gela8. Only here. be turned. See Acts 2. 20. to. Ap, 104. vi. heaviness. Gr. katepheia. Onlyhere. It means casting downt.heeyes. Cp.Luke 18. 13. 10 Humble yourselves. Gr. tapeinoa. See 2 Cor.11. 7. LORD. Ap, 98. VI. i. /3. 2. A (B ace. to texts). lift ... up. Gr. hUp800. See John 12. 32. 11 Speak ... evil = Speak against, or backbite. Gr. katalaleo. Only here and 1 Fet. 2. 12; 3.16. Op.Rom. 1. :10. ~ Cor.12. 20. one of another = one another. judgeth. Ap. 122. 1. if. Gr. ei. Ap, 118.2. a. 12 Lawgiver. Gr. nomotheue. Only here. Cp, Rom.9.4. Heb. 7. n. knowledge 6 among you? let him shew 10 out of a good a conversation his works a with a meekness of wisdom. 14 But a if ye have 11 bitter a envying and o strife 2 in your hearts, a glory 1not, and lie o not against the truth.
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1852

4.12.

JAMES.

5. 11.

save and to °destroy: who art t~ou that 11 judgest °anotfter ? 13 °Go to now, ye that say," To day or to morrow we will go into °such a city, and °continue there a year, °and buy and sell, o and get gain: " 14 °Whereas ye °know 1 not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your °life? It is even a °vapour, that °appeareth ° for a little time, and then °vanisheth away. 15 °For that ye ought to say, "If the °Lord o will, we shall live, and do this, or that." 16 But now ye °rejoice I in your °boastings : all such rejoicing is evil. 17 Therefore to him that 4 knoweth to do good, and doeth it 2 not, to him it is sin.
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you.

men, 5 °°Go to now,ye rich that weep and °howl for your miseries shall come upon
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2 Your °riches are °corrupted, and your garments °are °motheaten. 3 Your gold and silver is °cankered; and the °rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye °have heaped treasure together ° for the last days. 4 °Behold, the °hire of the labourers who °have °reaped down your fields, which is °of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the °cries ofthem which °have °reaped are entered °into 5. 1 Go to. See 4. 13. the ears of the °LORDof Sabaoth. howl. Gr.ololuzlJ. Only here. An onomatopceic word. 5 Ye °have ° lived in pleasure °on the °earth, for. Ap. 104. ix. 2. and °been wanton; ye have nourished your miseries. Gr. talaipbria; See Rom. a. 16. Op, 4. 9. shall come = are coming. hearts, as °in a day of °slaughter. S! riches = wealth. The GIr. word ploutos conveys the 6 Ye have condemned and killed the °just; idea of abundance. Cp. Luke 12. 19. and he doth 0 not resist you. corrupted. Gr. scpo. Only here. 7 Be patient therefore, brethren, ° unto the are=have become. ° coming of the °Lord. 4 Behold, the husband- motheaten. Gr. setnbrotos. Only here. man waiteth for the precious fruit of the liearth, 3 cankered = rusted. Gr. kaiioo. Only here. 0.= for (Ap. 104. vi) a. and hath long patience 1for it, until he re- rust .. Gr. ios. See 3. 8. have, &c.= treasured up. See Rom. 2.5. I Cor. ]6. 2. ceive the °early and °latter rain. for. Ap. 104. viii. last days. See 2 Tim. 3. I. S Be )!t also patient; °stablish your hearts: 4 Behold. Ap, 133. I. 2. for the 7 coming of the 7 Lord °draweth nigh. hire = pay. Gr. mistltos, gen. transl. "reward". 9 °Grudge ° not °one against another, bre- have. Omit. thren, ° lest ye be °condemned: 4 behold, the reaped down. Gr. amao. Only here in N.T. Occ. Judge standeth °before the door. five times in Sept. Cp, Mic, 6. 15. 10 Take, my brethren, °the prophets, who of = on the part of, arising from. Ap. 104. iv. °have spoken °in the name of the 4 LORD,°for kept back by fraud. Gr. aposiereo. See 1 Cor. 6. 7. an °example of ° suffering affliction, and of cries. Gr. boe. Only here. reaped. Gr. therizo. Offreq. oCC.in N.T. ° patience. 11 4 Behold, we °count them happy which into. Gr. eis. Ap, 104. vi. LORD 'I'his T. expression endure. Ye °have heard of the °patience of hosts) isof Sabaoth. here by O.N.T. writer. (= LORDof used In Rom. 9. Job, and °have seen the °end of the 4 LORD; 29 it is quoted only Isaiah. a from that the ° LORDis very pitiful, and of tender LORD. Ap. 98. VI. i. e. 1. B. b. mercy. 5 have. Omit. lived iI;l pleasure. Gr. truphao.
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destroy. Cp, 1. II (perish). another e the other. Ap. 124. 2. The texts read "neighbour", as in 2. 8. 13 Go to = Come. Gr. age. Jmp, of agii, used as an adverb. Here and 5. 1. into. Ap. 104. vi. such a=this. aud. Note the Fig. Polysyndeton. Ap. 6. continue. Lit. make, or do. Cp. Acts 20. 3. Fig. Synecdoche. At'. 6. buy and sell = trade. Gr. e1lljJol'euomai. Only here and 2 Pet. 2. 3. Cp. Matt. 22. 5. John 2. 16. This eagerness to travel for trade purposes is a prominent characteristic of the -Jew of to-day. 14 Whereasye e Sucb as ye are. know. Ap. 132. I. v. life. Ap. 170. 1. ·It is even = For it is. The texts read" For ye are". vapour. Gr. atlllis. See Acts 2. 19. appeareth. Ap. 106. I. i, for. Ap. 104. xv, 3. vanisheth away. See Acts 13. 41. lIS For that, &c.=Instead of (Ap. 104. ii) your saying. If. Ap. 118. 1. b. Lord. Ap. 98. VI. i. f3. 2. A. will. Ap, 102. 1. 18 rejoice = boast: Gr. lcauchaomai, See Rom. 2. 17; 5. 2. boastings. Gr. alazoneia. Only here an d I .Iolm 2. 16. Cp. Rom. 1. 30. rejoicing = boasting. Gr. kauchesi«. See Rom. 3. 27. evil. Ap, 128. III. 1. 17 sin. Ap, 128. I. ii. 1.

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..-l Only here. Cp.2 Pet. 2. 13 (riot). on. Ap. 104. ix. 1. earth. Ap. ]29. 4. been wanton. See 1 Tim. 5. 6. in. Ap. 104. viii. slaughter. See Acts 8. 32. Op. Isa. SO. 25; 34.6. .Jer. 12. 3. 8 just. Ap. 191. 1. Cp, Matt. 12. 7; 27. 19. Acts 3. 14. not. Ap.105. I. This is the Fig. Asyndeton. Ap.6. The two ands should be omitted. 7 un~o, until. Same Gr. word, heoe. coming. Gr. parousia. First oec. Matt. 24. 3. Lord. Ap. 98. VI. 1. B, 2. A. hath long patience = being patient. early. Gr. proimos. Only here. latter. Gr. opsimos. Only here. Op, Joel 2. 23. 8 stablish. See Rom. 1. 11. draweth nigh=hath drawn near. See Matt. 3. 2. 8 Grudge = Groan, or Murmur. See Heb.13. 17. not. Ap. ]05. II. one against another = against (Ap. 104. X. 1) one another. Iest e.in order that (Gr. hina) not (Gr. me). condemned. The texts read" judged". Ap.122 1. before. Ap. 104. xiv. 10 the prophets. I. e. the O.T. prophets. Ap.189. have spoken = spoke. Ap. 121. 7. in. Ap. 104. viii. as the texts. for = as. example. See John 13.111. suffering afliiction. Gr. kakopatheia. Only here. Cp, v. 13. patience. As in Heb. 6.12. 11 count ... happy. Gr. makarizn. Only here and Luke 1. 48 (call blessed). have. Omit. patience .. As in Tit. 2. 2. seen = saw. Ap 133. I. 1. end. Op, .Iob 42.6. LORD. Ap. 98. VI. i. f3. 1. A. b. very pitiful. Gr polusplanchnos. Only here. of tender mercy. Gr. oiktirmon. Only here and Luke 6. 36.

1853

5. 12.
12 But aabove all things,
U

JAMES.
e

5.20.

my brethren, swear 12 above before. Ap. 104. xiv. not, aneither by aheaven, aneither by the neither. Gr. mete. 5 earth, aneither by °any aother oath: but let heaven odhe heaven. See Matt. 6. 9, 10. your yea be yea; and your anay, anay; 9lest any. Ap, 123. 3. other. Ap. 124. 1. ye fall ainto condemnation. ~b"e\~~t!' read" under". Ap. 104. xviii. 2. B 13 Is 12any aamong you °affticted? let him condemnation. Ap, 177.7. apray. Is 12 any 0 merry? let him ° sing 13 among. Ap. 104. viii. 2. I psalms. afflicted. Gr. kakopatheo, See 2 Tim. 2. 3 and cp. 14 Is Hany sick 13among you? let him call v. 10,above. ah h d I t th pray. Ap. 134. I. 2. fior th e e I ders 0 f th e c urc ; an e em merry. See Acts 27. 22. 13 pray aover him, aanointing him with oil 5 in sing psalms. Gr. psallo. See Rom. 15. 9. the name of the 7 Lord: 14 elders. Ap. 189. 15 And the °prayer of a faith shall save the church. Ap. 186. Here the church must mean the a sick, and the 7 Lord shall araise him up; aand assembly which worshipped in the synagogue of 2. 2. if he have committed asins, they shall be forover. Ap. 104. ix. 3. given him. anomtdug = having anointed. Gr. aleiphi'. Occ. here 16 Confess your faults 9 one to another, and nnd eight times in the Gospels. Cpo Marl{ 6. 13. apray 9 one afor another, that ye maybe ahealed. 15 prayer. Ap. 134. II. 1. Th a if; t 1 fi to f o· ht faith. Ap, 150. II. 1. e e ec ua erven prayer 0 a rig eous sick. Gr. lcamno. See Heb. 12. 3. Not the same man aavaileth much. word as v. B. 17 Elias was a man asubject to like passions raise ... up. Ap. 178. I. 4. as we are, and he IS prayed aearnestly that it and if. Gr. lean (Icai, with Ap. 118. 1. b). might 9 not Drain: and it "rained 6 not 5 on the sins. Ap. 128. I. ii. 1. 6 earth by the space of three years and six 18 faults. Ap. 128. I. ii. 3, but the texts read" sins ", months. ItS above. 18 And he 13 prayed again, and the 12heaven pray. Ap, 134. I. 1. gave rain, and the 5earth abrought forth her for. Ap. 104. xvii. 1. fruit. healed. Gr. iaomai. See Luke 6. 17. This makes it
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19 Brethren, aif any a of you do err afrom the 11. 30. The offenders were those who had wronged truth, and aone convert him; their brethren, or had shown an unbrotherly spirit, and 20 Let him know, that he which converteth so had brought chastisement upon themselves. o the sinner 0 from the error of his way shall effectual fervent = inwrought, or energized. Gr. save a asoul from death, and shall a hide a enerqeo. Cp, 172. 4. multitude of 16 sins. . prayer. Ap. 134. II. R. I righteous=just, v. 6. Ap. 191.1. Read, "a prayer of
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dear that the circumstances in view are those of 1 Cor.

--------------------a just man inwrought" j i. e. by the Spirit. availeth much. Lit. is strong (Gr. ischuo. Cp, A». 172. 3) for much. 17 man. Ap. 123. 1. subject, &c.~of like feelings. Gr. homoiopauies. Only here and Acts 14. 16. earnestly = with prayer. Ap. 13!. II. 2. TlljS is a Hebraism. Fig. Poluptoton. Ap. 6. rain. Ap. 136. viii. by the space of. Omit. 18 brought forth. Gr. blastanr: See Heb. 9. 4. Cp, 1 Kings 17. 1 i 18. I, H-46. Elijah's praying for drought is first revealed in this passage. 19 if. Ap. 118. 1. a. of=among. Ap, 104. viii. 2. from. Ap. 104. iv. orie e-nny one, as v. n. 20 know. Ap. 132. I. ii. the e a, from. Gr. ek Ap, 10!. vii. soul. Ap, 110. II. hide = cover. Cp, I Pet. 4.? This refers to Provo 10. 12.
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._

TIlE FIRST EPISTLE OF PETER.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE EPISTLE AS A WIIOLE.
A 11. 1, 2.
B
(Introversion anti Alternation.) EPISTOLARY. THANKSGIVING
j

11.
C
C

3-12. INTRODUCTION. EPISTLE.

FORESHADOWING

THE

SUBJECT

01!'

THE

ID E1 11.

13-2.

10. EXHORTATIONS (GENERAL) IN VIEW OF THE END.
EXHORTATIONS (PARTICULAR) AS TO SUFFERINGS AND GLORY.

2. 11-4.6.

A

EXHORTATIONS (GENERAl,) IN VIEW OF THE END. E 15.1-9• EXHORTATIONS (PARTICULAR) AS TO SUJ<'FERINGS AND GLORY. B 15.10,11. CONCLUSION. PRAYER j ElI1BODYING THE OBJECT OF THE EPISTLE. I 6. 12-H. EPISTOLARY.

1 D 14. 7-19.

1854

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