was a political leader in Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh.

He started as a communist in the foot steps of his father and later entered electoral politics by joining Telugu Desam party. He was elected four times as Member of Legislative assembly to the state of Andhra Pradesh from Penukonda constituency in Anantapur district. He was slain by his political rivals in 2005 . He was one of the most controversial people in the history of Andhra Pradesh politics.

Contents
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• • • • •

1 Early life 2 Entry into Factionism 3 Violence in politics 4 Re-Organising Committee (R.O.C) 5 Post-2004 Elections

[edit] Early life
After losing his father and brother, Ravi wanted to take shelter to protect himself from his rivals. He went to his maternal uncle, Kondaiah, in Seerpi Kottaala village of Uravakonda constituency to take shelter. He married Suneetha in 1986 and took up cultivation. According to many allegations Ravi was responsible for the deaths of Gangula Narayana Reddy, Narsanna and Yaadi Reddy (1982-83).

[edit] Entry into Factionism
After Narayana Reddy was killed, Ramachandra Reddy of Telugu Desam party became M.L.A from Penukonda in 1983 and 1985 . In 1989 elections, congress formed the government in the state. Sane Chenna Reddy became M.L.A of Penukonda by defeating Ramachandra Reddy of T.D.P. Ravi wanted to take revenge of his father's and brother's deaths. He joined hands with communists (Naxalites) in 1991 . Naxalites also wanted to help Ravi as his father and brother were their party leaders. Sane Chenna Reddy who was conspirator in his father's and brother's deaths was killed in Dharmavaram in 1991. By-elections were conducted and Ramana Reddy, son of Chenna Reddy, became M.L.A in 1991. He found granite in his field. This was the turning point in his life. He became rich after this project, the game started.

[edit] Violence in politics

In the past 15 years, 670 Congressmen and 560 TDP men have lost their lives to factional rivalry.[1][2] Paritala Ravi's name figures in 54 murder cases. About 10 Congressmen are missing and the involvement of Paritala Ravi is alleged in these cases. He was a faction leader whose name was linked with a number of criminal cases, the 45-year-old Ravindra, or Ravi, had a questionable reputation. As news spread about the killing, TDP workers went on the rampage in several towns and cities. They set ablaze buses of the A.P. State Road Transport Corporation and broke the windscreens of a large number of other vehicles. They also expressed their ire at government offices.At the end of two days of pitched battles between the police and TDP workers, the APSRTC was poorer by nearly Rs.20 crores. Eighty of its buses had been burnt and 576 had their windscreens and glass panes smashed. The vandalism was the kind which TDP president N. Chandrababu Naidu had passionately opposed when he was Chief Minister. Paritala Ravi was among the 51 contestants in the last State Assembly elections named as having a criminal record by the Lok Satta, a non-partisan movement for reforms in governance, . But Chandrababu Naidu stoutly defended Ravi's inclusion in the TDP's list of nominees. "Many of those named by the Lok Satta were acquitted. Values are essential in public life but there are some constraints too," he said. [3]. Frontline editorialised that "Paritala Ravi's murder not only showed the extent of criminalisation of politics in Andhra Pradesh but also exposed the deterioration of the criminal justice system."[4]<

• • •

[edit] Re-Organising Committee (R.O.C)
People's War Group (P.W.G) expelled Kondapalli Seetha Ramaiah from the party. He split P.W.G into two. One was P.W.K.S group. Potula Suresh who shot Chenna Reddy was an active member of this group. This group again split into two. One was "Redstar" and other was "Re-Organising committee" (ROC). Potula Suresh was head of ROC and Sudarshan was head of the Redstar. Redstar was favourable to Chenna Reddy's sons and Surya Narayana Reddy. ROC worked for Ravi. There was armed struggle between these two groups and many people were killed.

[edit] Post-2004 Elections
Telugu Desam (TDP) lost power and congress formed government in the state. From the day three of forming the govt, i.e from May 14th onwards, killing of TDP activists started in the Anantapur district. Ravi's houses in Anantapur and Venkatapuram were frequently raided by the police.

Paritala Ravindra's killers had a Plan-B
29 Jan 2005, 2342 hrs IST,TNN
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HYDERABAD/ ANANTAPUR: Had Paritala Ravindra been hemmed in by his guards last Monday, the six-man hit squad would have called off the bid on his life, M Rekamaiah, an accused in the murder case has reportedly told police. The assassins reportedly had a Plan-B in place and would have made an attempt on him on Saturday. Reason: The crucial zilla parishad polls were scheduled for the day and his killing would have had an immediate impact on the TDP morale. As per Plan-B, the attack would have taken place in front of the Anantapur zilla parishad office, where elections were held on Saturday and TDP lost the chairperson's post to the Congress. A February deadline had reportedly been set for the killers. In fact, that's why the killers got into the TDP office well before Paritala came and watched him closely. Even when Paritala was leaving the venue, his guards hadn't formed a ring around him. This pushed the team to go for the kill. The police on Saturday recovered a crude rocket launcher along with a scooter bomb and some other weapons from Kanaganapalli village, 30 km from Anantpur town. The police suspect that these weapons were kept ready in case plan A failed. Following Rekamaiah's grilling, police have reportedly worked out the broad contours of the murder case, which sources say, goes like this:

POLITICS

Murder and mayhem
S. NAGESH KUMAR in Hyderabad The murder of a TDP legislator in Andhra Pradesh confirms the explosive nature of the mix of criminality, caste and politics in the State.

P.V. SIVAKUMAR

Paritala Ravi. THE criminal element in Andhra Pradesh politics was in full view on January 24, when hired killers gunned down the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) legislator from Penukonda, Paritala Ravindra, in Anantapur town. A faction leader whose name was linked with a number of criminal cases, the 45-year-old Ravindra, or Ravi, had a questionable reputation. His opponents even alleged that he represented all that was wrong with politics in the Rayalaseema region. The sheer brutality of the murder, in broad daylight, and its violent aftermath shook the people of Andhra Pradesh. The TDP voiced its fears about possible attempts by his numerous enemies to kill him. Soon after the Congress came to power in the State in May 2004, the heavy security cover that Ravi enjoyed was scaled down. The MLA petitioned the Andhra Pradesh High Court, which ordered restoration of the 10 gunmen deployed for his protection earlier. The fact that Ravi was killed amid a clutch of private as well as police gunmen and a crowd of party workers revealed the meticulous manner in which the murder had been planned. He was waiting at the gate of the TDP district headquarters after a party meeting to board his vehicle, at around 2-55 p.m., when two gunmen confronted him and opened fire. Realising that he had been set up for a `hit', Ravi, who was felled by the first salvo, shouted for help. But, the killers, who were now joined by another, pumped bullets into his head and fled after killing an aide and a police gunman. As news spread about the killing, TDP workers went on the rampage in several towns and cities. They set ablaze buses of the A.P. State Road Transport Corporation and broke the

windscreens of a large number of other vehicles. They also expressed their ire at government offices. At the end of two days of pitched battles between the police and TDP workers, the APSRTC was poorer by nearly Rs.20 crores. Eighty of its buses had been burnt and 576 had their windscreens and glass panes smashed. The vandalism was the kind which TDP president N. Chandrababu Naidu had passionately opposed when he was Chief Minister. When peace returned to the streets, Chandrababu Naidu had a hard time justifying the arson and violence indulged in by his partymen. "It was a spontaneous outburst of emotion," he said. This was not the first time that large-scale violence was witnessed in Andhra Pradesh after the slaying of an MLA. Properties worth an estimated Rs.300 crores was set ablaze by followers of Vangaveeti Ranga, a Congress MLA and a prominent leader of the Kapu community, who was killed while he was observing a fast in December 1988. Ravi's killing has confirmed the explosive nature of the mix of criminality, caste and politics in Andhra Pradesh.
RAMESH SUSARLA

APSRTC buses that were burnt or damaged in Guntur following the murder. Paritala Ravi was among the 51 contestants in the last State Assembly elections named by the Lok Satta, a non-partisan movement for reforms in governance, as having a criminal record. But Chandrababu Naidu stoutly defended Ravi's inclusion in the TDP's list of nominees. "Many of those named by the Lok Satta were acquitted. Values are essential in public life but there are some constraints too," he said. The killing of Paritala Ravi is part of an unending saga of revenge involving two families belonging to rival factions and different castes. Dozens of innocent and not-so-innocent lives have been lost in this rivalry.

A 1998 report prepared by the Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee on Paritala Ravi, a former naxalite, says: "The entire district kneels down before him. Everyone is afraid of him. From 1994, even the political scenario (in Anantapur district) has undergone a change". Paritala Ravi's name was linked by the Anantapur police to numerous murders, including that of Saane Chenna Reddy, an MLA from Penukonda, and Ramana Reddy, a former MLA. According to police records, an attempt was made in October 1993 to kill Maddelacheruvu Suryanarayana Reddy alias Suri, a faction leader from Anantapur, through a sophisticated method. A portable television set loaded with explosives was delivered at his house while he was away. Unsuspecting members of his family switched on the television. The explosion that resulted brought down a portion of the house, and killed five persons, and injured four others. Paritala Ravi was named Accused No.1 in the case. Suri tried to take vengeance by triggering off a remote-controlled car bomb in Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad, in 1997 but missed his target, Paritala Ravi, who was then producing a movie called Sriramulaiah based on his father's struggle against landlords. (Ramulaiah was hacked to death allegedly by Suri's father, Gangula Narayana Reddy, who was killed in retaliation in 1983. Ravi was the prime accused in that case too.) Twenty-six others, including six members of a television crew, were killed. Suri and six others were found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. The TDP was quick to accuse Chief Minister Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy's son Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy, Panchayati Raj Minister J.C. Diwakar Reddy, and a senior police officer in the Rayalaseema region of conspiring to kill Ravi. The Chief Minister instantly got his Cabinet to pass a resolution handing over the case to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). But before the CBI could start investigations, one of the accused, M. Rekhamaiah, surrendered to the Mahabubnagar police. Within a week, eight of the alleged conspirators had surrendered. While Joolakanti Srinivasa Reddy, who claimed in a television interview to have actually shot Paritala Ravi, was at large even on February 1, another person who had allegedly fired at Ravi, Narayan Reddy, gave himself up to the Anantapur police along with four others. Paritala Ravi's murder not only showed the extent of criminalisation of politics in Andhra Pradesh but also exposed the deterioration of the criminal justice system. Suri, who is serving a life sentence in the Cherlapalli jail in Hyderabad, could apparently call the shots from the confines of his cell using a mobile phone.
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2005, 2304 hrs IST, TNN

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HYDERABAD: The discussion in the state Assembly on the murder of Paritala Ravindra remained incomplete on Friday too, with Nagam Janardhan Reddy of the TDP and V Vasanth Kumar of the Congress trying to portray each other's party as the root cause of faction feuds in Anantapur district. Janardhan Reddy, who reiterated his party's demand for the dismissal of the Y S Rajasekhara Reddy government, kicked up a storm when he said Ravindra would not have been killed if the chief minister had asked his son Jaganmohan Reddy and Gangula Suryanarayana Reddy (Suri) not to carry out the murder. Targeting IGP (Rayalaseema) R P Meena, Janardhan Reddy said: "It's Meena who got the murder done, at the behest of Jaganmohan Reddy. He should be arrested immediately." The TDP leader contended that the state government ordered the CBI probe only after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh intervened. He argued that in the absence of a dying declaration from Paritala, the police ought to take the interview the slain leader had given to a TV channel as one and arrest whoever was named in the interview. Speaker K R Suresh Reddy objected to repeated usage of certain provocative words and allegations against police officers by Janardhan Reddy and cautioned him to use restraint. When the TDP member appealed to the chief minister not to turn the state into a 'Smashanandhra Pradesh' , the speaker declared that he was expunging the words from the records. Turning the tables on the TDP, Vasanth Kumar alleged that the likes of Paritala Ravindra, C Krishna Yadav, P Rama Subba Reddy, Byreddy Rajasekhara Reddy and Kodela Siva Prasada Rao, who were involved in serious criminal cases, were being shielded by the TDP. Vasanth Kumar alleged that Ravindra had killed eight of Suri's associates by tapping the phone calls the latter had made from a mobile phone, which was passed on to him by Cherlapally prison superintendent, a relative of TDP legislator P Keshav. However, Keshav rejected the charge and said that his relative was posted only recently. The Congress legislator claimed that Ravindra had once described Naidu as a 'mosagaadu' (cheat) who would betray any body who trusts him. Several names mentioned by Vasanth Kumar in this context drew protests from TDP members who stormed into the well of the House. Panel speaker C Narsi Reddy quickly brought the situation under control by shouting at the TDP members and sending them back to their seats.

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