4T65-E

HYDRA-MATIC

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 HOW TO USE THIS BOOK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 TRANSMISSION CUTAWAY VIEW (FOLDOUT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 GENERAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9A MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 RANGE REFERENCE CHART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 TORQUE CONVERTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 APPLY COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 PLANETARY GEAR SETS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 POWER FLOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 LUBRICATION POINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 THRUST WASHER LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 BUSHING LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 BEARING LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107 LIP SEAL LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 SQUARE AND O-RING SEAL LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 GASKET LOCATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110 ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 BASIC SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 PRODUCT DESIGNATION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 GLOSSARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

2

PREFACE
The Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician’s Guide is intended for automotive technicians that are familiar with the operation of an automatic transaxle or transmission. Technicians or other persons not having automatic transaxle or transmission know-how may find this publication somewhat technically complex if additional instruction is not provided. Since the intent of this book is to explain the fundamental mechanical, hydraulic and electrical operating principles, technical terms used herein are specific to the transmission industry. However, words commonly associated with the specific transaxle or transmission function have been defined in a Glossary rather than within the text of this book. The Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician’s Guide is also intended to assist technicians during the service, diagnosis and repair of this transaxle. However, this book is not intended to be a substitute for other General Motors service publications that are normally used on the job. Since there is a wide range of repair procedures and technical specifications specific to certain vehicles and transaxle models, the proper service publication must be referred to when servicing the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle.

© COPYRIGHT 1997 POWERTRAIN GROUP General Motors Corporation ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

All information contained in this book is based on the latest data available at the time of publication approval. The right is reserved to make product or publication changes, at any time, without notice. No part of any GM Powertrain publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, including but not limited to electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Powertrain Group of General Motors Corporation. This includes all text, illustrations, tables and charts.

1

INTRODUCTION
The Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician’s Guide is another Powertrain publication from the Technician’s Guide series of books. The purpose of this publication, as is the case with other Technician’s Guides, is to provide complete information on the theoretical operating characteristics of this transaxle. Operational theories of the mechanical, hydraulic and electrical components are presented in a sequential and functional order to better explain their operation as part of the system. In the first section of this book entitled “Principles of Operation”, exacting explanations of the major components and their functions are presented. In every situation possible, text describes component operation during the apply and release cycle as well as situations where it has no effect at all. The descriptive text is then supported by numerous graphic illustrations to further emphasize the operational theories presented. The second major section entitled “Power Flow”, blends the information presented in the “Principles of Operation” section into the complete transaxle assembly. The transfer of torque from the engine through the transaxle is graphically displayed on a full page while a narrative description is provided on a facing half page. The opposite side of the half page contains the narrative description of the hydraulic fluid as it applies components or shifts valves in the system. Facing this partial page is a hydraulic schematic that shows the position of valves, checkballs, etc., as they function in a specific gear range. The third major section of this book displays the “Complete Hydraulic Circuit” for specific gear ranges. Fold-out pages containing fluid flow schematics and two dimensional illustrations of major components graphically display hydraulic circuits. This information is extremely useful when tracing fluid circuits for learning or diagnosis purposes. The “Appendix” section of this book provides additional transaxle information regarding lubrication circuits, seal locations, illustrated parts lists and more. Although this information is available in current model year Service Manuals, its inclusion provides for a quick reference guide that is useful to the technician. Production of the Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician’s Guide was made possible through the combined efforts of many staff areas within the General Motors Powertrain Division. As a result, the Hydra-matic 4T65-E Technician’s Guide was written to provide the user with the most current, concise and usable information available regarding this product.

3

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
First time users of this book may find the page layout a little unusual or perhaps confusing. However, with a minimal amount of exposure to this format its usefulness becomes more obvious. If you are unfamiliar with this publication, the following guidelines are helpful in understanding the functional intent for the various page layouts: • Read the following section, “Understanding the Graphics” to know how the graphic illustrations are used, particularly as they relate to the mechanical power flow and hydraulic controls (see Understanding the Graphics page 6). Unfold the cutaway illustration of the Hydramatic 4T65-E (page 8) and refer to it as you progress through each major section. This cutaway provides a quick reference of component location inside the transaxle assembly and their relationship to other components. The Principles of Operation section (beginning on page 9A) presents information regarding the major apply components and hydraulic control components used in this transaxle. This section describes “how” specific components work and interfaces with the sections that follow. The Power Flow section (beginning on page 53) presents the mechanical and hydraulic functions corresponding to specific gear ranges. This section builds on the information presented in the Principles of Operation section by showing • specific fluid circuits that enable the mechanical components to operate. The mechanical power flow is graphically displayed on a full size page and is followed by a half page of descriptive text. The opposite side of the half page contains the narrative description of the hydraulic fluid as it applies components or moves valves in the system. Facing this partial page is a hydraulic schematic which shows the position of valves, checkballs, etc., as they function in a specific gear range. Also, located at the bottom of each half page is a reference to the Complete Hydraulic Circuit section that follows. The Complete Hydraulic Circuits section (beginning on page 81) details the entire hydraulic system. This is accomplished by using a fold-out circuit schematic with a facing page two dimensional fold-out drawing of each component. The circuit schematics and component drawings display only the fluid passages for that specific operating range. Finally, the Appendix section contains a schematic of the lubrication flow through the transaxle, disassembled view parts lists and transaxle specifications. This information has been included to provide the user with convenient reference information published in the appropriate vehicle Service Manuals. Since component parts lists and specifications may change over time, this information should be verified with Service Manual information.

4

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
LARGE CUTAWAY VIEW OF TRANSAXLE (FOLDOUT) HALF PAGE TEXT FOR EASY REFERENCE TO BOTH PAGES RANGE REFERENCE CHART

HYDRA-MATIC 4T65-E
TORQUE CONVERTER (1) MANUAL REVERSE SERVO SHAFT ASSEMBLY (807) (39-49) PARKING LOCK ACTUATOR (800) 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (670) INPUT SPRAG INPUT CLUTCH CARRIER ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY (722) (672) REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687)
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 1a INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED 1b INPUT SPRAG (664) *HOLDING 1c INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING

PARK
Engine Running
1d INPUT CARRIER PINIONS ROTATE 1e INPUT INTERNAL GEAR HELD (POWER TERMINATES) 3a REACTION PLANETARY PINION ROTATE 2b PARKING GEAR (696) LOCKED 2 2a POSSIBLE TORQUE POWER TO FINAL TRANSMITTED FROM DRIVE VEHICLE PINIONS

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683)

➤ ➤

LINE


30

EX

17

INPUT CL ➤

3RD

LINE

ACT FD LIM VALVE
EX

TORQUE SIG

35

ORIFICED EX

2-3 SIGNAL

EX ➤

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

AUX INPUT CL FD 2-1 MAN SERVO

EX

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (421-428)

2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY (680)
1/2 ROLLER CLUTCH SUPPORT FREEWHEELING

CASE COVER ASSEMBLY (400)

DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY (507)

OUTPUT SHAFT (510)

4TH CLUTCH HUB & SHAFT ASSEMBLY (504)

4TH CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (500-502)

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY (615)

2ND CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (620-627)

3RD CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (639-649)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY (103-115)

INPUT CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (654-659)
Figure 47

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

2ND CLUTCH

CO MP LE TE HY DR 50 PA AULI B GE C 76 CIR CU IT

EX 1-2 ACCUMULATOR
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

8

Figure 6

50

Figure 48

PAGE NUMBER — FOR REFERENCE TO FLUID FLOW SCHEMATIC

FLUID FLOW SCHEMATIC — (FOLDOUT) A
PARK

(Engine Running)

REV SERVO

LUBE

2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST
➤ ➤

➤ TCC

RELEASE

TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

LINE

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST


LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39b

5a 10c

38a

39a

11b

38b

19b

18g

41a

29d

20a

40a

20c

10b➤

➤ 2c

11a

40c

#9

29c

29b

18k

7a

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

14b

SPACER PLATE (370)

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

11g

39c

16a

11e

19c

31a

11d

20b

11c

41b

41c

GASKET (369)

3RD CLUTCH

#3
19d

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8a

39d

8b

11f

2b

2c

2y

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

D-4

1-2,3-4 SIG

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

➤ 2z

29a

38c

40b

18f

19f

EX D4

ACT FD

19g

18a

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

CONV FD

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

LINE

2-3 SIGNAL

FWD BST

D-4

LO

REV BST

REV LINE

REVERSE
➤ ➤

LINE

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

EX

D4

EX

3RD CLU

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE LO

LO

LO D4

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

3RD ORIF EX

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

EX

D2
D4

EX

➤ ➤

31e

LUBE COOLER

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD LINE

D2

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG 3RD

35b
23

D3

VBS

D2

33a
36b

LINE LINE

FILT LINE

DECREASE

D4 D3

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS

2ND CL

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3

ACT FD LIM VALVE

3-4 ACCUM

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d ➤ 2g 3 2w 2p 18e 42d 42f 42g

FWD SERVO

LINE
EX

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

ORIFICED EXH
1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

EX

TCC RELEASE

ACT FD ACT FD

D3 2ND

SUCTION

2-3 OFF SIG

2ND

EX

LINE

2ND D4

N

TCC REG APP

TCC SIG (PWM)

D4
TCC REG APPLY

EX

EX

TORQUE SIG

3RD

3-4 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM

37c 37d 8 24c
➤ 24a

LINE

LINE

LINE

TCC APPLY
1

TORQUE SIG

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

TCC RELEASE

3-4 ACC

LUBE

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140) ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

EX

LUBE COOLER

ACT FD

2ND CL

LINE

EX

LINE

25f 27a

14b

25g 27b

14a

13b

13a

25a

25d

27c

15a

10a

29e

23b

22a

42a

42b

23c

12a

42c

29f

25c

25b

9a

2m

8c

6b

2n

2h 2l

29g

2k

25e

9b

12b

8d

8g

8e

7

9

25

26

18

6a

#2

32

4

22

10

11

6

5

2

32

42

43

23a

22b

29h

2q

2v

8f

2r

2t

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE (3)

LINE

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

2ND CL BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL CASE COVER (400) CASE (3) COOLER

76

E

D

F

HALF PAGE TEXT AND LEGEND

ACTUATOR FD


➤ ➤

16 ➤

43

22

19

LINE

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

1

1

13

31

16

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

22

22

37

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

ORIFICED CUP PLUG

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 74

FOLDOUT ➤ 77

COMPLETE ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST

Figure 1

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

16

42

42

42

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

FWD SERVO COOLER

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

22 23

27

42 31

15

37

42

15

13

19 37

31 27

1

23

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

42

22

EX

EX

EX

33

24

42

45

23

27

31

➤ ➤

LINE

➤ ➤

24b

7

D3

2-3 AC

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

U

N

TCC REL

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

LINE

TORQUE SIG CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

37a 13 18b

4TH CL LINE

EX

D4

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
XE XE

Pressure Control Solenoid

36c

37b

D3

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

#8

PUMP BODY (202)

D3

LINE

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

LO-1ST

D-4

IN CL FD

AUX INPUT CL FD D2

3RD

3RD

D4 2-3 SIG

EX

4a
30

2f

#4
39e

31f 39f 39g 31c 31d 36a 35a

ON

LO-1ST 3RD CL 3RD CL

D3 PRN REVERSE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

1 2 D D NR

EX

MANUAL VALVE

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

CASE COVER (400)

LUBE

LUBE

EX

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

; ;; ;;

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

B
4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

C
INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) COOLER

INPUT CL

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT CL

COOLER

P

CC

RR

U

CL

N

CL U TC H

;;;;;; ;;;;; ;; ; ; ;;; ;; ;;;; ;;
(P) Park l thethe oi r inPARK leve fromwing: ctor sure follo sele pres the Reg: the e to ith n, lincted lve(218)sure) W sitio re Va es po p is di lator (line prion pum re Regu tputnsmissp ou m
su mp tra pu Preses pu to the hen mand ulat rdingents. W e de m th fro accoirem ceeds, fluidr requut ex sure lato outp e presre regu of lin essu pr the

FLUID FLOW THROUGH COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT)

RK g PA nnin u eR gin En

U

M

FE ED

; ; ; ;; ;; ; ; ;;; ;;;; ; ;; ;;;; ; ; ;; ;;; ; ; ;;; ;; ;;;; ; ;;; ;;; ; ; ;;
Engine Running

373(#6)

373(#5)

42

42

3

40 4

42

42

42

18

38

41

19

18

39

2

11 2

17

43

40

19

38

39

18

17

40

38

(219)

42

2

19

28

2

29

2518 20

42

7

28

36

18

17

18

39

11 5

10

17

2

2

28 36

11

2

17

35

18

36

7 6 29 33 42

39

42

43

2

2

35

37

2

2

2

21

6 18 2 2

42

8

42

4

42

28

36 3742

18 29 42 29 29

2 8 43

43

2

11

13

8

43

2

29

2

24

29

25

13

13

20

37

14

19

43

31

42

22

2

42

8

2

8 42 1111 13

12

9

22

8

31

24

1

2

19

15

1

1

43

43

13

42

42

2

8

24

2

42

42

13

23

23

42

28

22

31

25

12

43

27

27

1

43

43

2

23

43

19

14

15

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

372(#8)

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
18 2/11 3

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 19

40

19

19

19

2

3

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 40

41

19 18 19 38

2/11 18

38

8

39

2

2

2

7 18

39

29

20

2

25

11

5

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 2b/11a 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c 18a ASM. (382) 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4b 2e 36a 18e 18d 2d

41

43

17

39a 39b
14

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 41 2

19

2

41

19 19 19 38

18

38

8

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

8

42

38 36 35

41

38

36

39

10

25a 39d/38c 39e

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

39

39

18

19

3

4

7

39

36

2

18

2 29 25

20

10

10

11

20

36

38

37

36

35

33

6

34

36

29

6

2

37c

18

2

8

37

31

2

24

18 42 29

29

8

2

11

2 10

29

2 29

8

25

11

37

31

2

22 22 2

2

42

31

29 8

2

8

20 42

14

9

42

13

11

2

2

8

24

11

12 42

9

24

23

2

23

42

13

22

31

25

26

12

27

2

19

23

1

25

14

15

19

14

11d 28 29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 42b 11g 14c 8g 24 8e 9a 4 31c 19 11e 2p 10 22b 3 9b 13a 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 2r 11f 24b 18 8f 6 12 42a 24c 9 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 26a 32 2n 25e 19f 27c 25 25d 1a 14a 15a 23b 14b 19g 37d 31e
2

31f

6b 22 42e 33 33a 29h 6a 18b 2y 29g 7 37b/36c 42b 35b 8d 37a 18c 23 43a/2g 29f 29d 20b/2z 24a 36b 35a
13

21

37

36

39 39

11

10

39

25

39

7

18

29

2

2h

35

8a

33

6

34

8

2

36

43

42

2

35

39

31

2m

37

29

6 18

2

8

2

6

2

29

2k

2

11c

8c

10a

18

42 35 29

8

10

25

33

37

43 43

11

35

31

43

29 20 30

8

25

11

10

29

42

8

43

24

11

20

43

29

18

11

22c

2w

42d 42f

37

31

31

31

20

31

24

2

8

2 8

22

42

42

14

43

14

11

9

2

11

42

8

43 2

42

2

16

22 2

2

42

2

8

24

13

11

12 42

9

9

25

43

42

43

11

42

24

8

2

24

2

23

23

42

13

12

25

26

43

12

2

13

22

27

31

19

2

13

42

23

25

1

14

15

43

19

31

25

1

31

37

27

43

15

13/14

19

14

14

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

372(#1)

372(#2)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

(38) 2

44

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

19

2 3

10

3

41

38

3

35

10

41

43

35

45

(126)

(128)

16 LUBE

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST

(130)

412

33

42

2

42

38

16

19

16

19

42

1

22

37

23

16

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN

22

37

31

31

➤ ➤

27

23

27

23

27

16

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

37

19 37 16

22

22

37

(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) HELD

LINE

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

TORQUE SIGNAL

EX

DRIVE SPROCKET (516)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY (15-22)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) HELD

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) FREEWHEELING

ACT FEED

LINE

LO/1ST GEAR

VBS

CONTROL VALVE ASSEMBLY (300)

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

EX

EX

Pressure Control Solenoid N.O.

TORQUE SIG REG
EX ➤
7

TORQUE SIGNAL

FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688)

PARKING LOCK PAWL (694) ENGAGED

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697) HELD

#10

33

EX

EX

6

D3

D4

EX

OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY (200)

EX

3RD

2-3 OFF SIG

EX

PARKING GEAR (696) HELD

2ND LO/1ST GEAR

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

D2

3-2 MAN DS

LINE

3

LINE

➤ ➤ ➤

13

43

8

372(#7)

5 43

2 10

43

10

25

9

43

14 43

43

3

40

2

37

7

39

31

33

37

22

16

2

27

23

22

23

37

CASE EXTENSION ASSEMBLY (6)

1

4

LO-1ST

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LO D4 3RD

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.ON

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

3
➤ ➤

21

2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL

ACTUATOR FD

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

LINE

1-2, 3-4 SIG

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

D3

4-3 MDS

D2

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

31

EX

SPEED SENSOR (10)

INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

LINE

LINE

INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

INPUT SPRAG (664) *HOLDING

CONV FD

LINE

12

➤ ➤

LINE(from Pump)

➤ ➤

5

EX

N.O.ON

2

➤ ➤

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

16

15

LUBE

INPUT CLUTCH

LO-1ST

14

PRN

2-3 SIGNAL


DIFFERENTIAL/ FINAL DRIVE CARRIER ASSEMBLY (700)

LINE

LINE

PRN
#3

LINE PRESSURE TAP

➤ ➤

VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR RELUCTOR WHEEL ASSEMBLY (527)

LUBE

D2 D3

LINE

PRN

PRN REV

D4

EX ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

p sure mp ou transpum Preses pu to the hen mand ulat rdingents. W e de m th fro accoirem ceeds, fluidr requut ex sure lato outp e presre regu of lin essu pr the

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

➤ INPUT CL ➤

(P) Park l the e oi r in th leve fromwing: ctor sure follo sele pres the Regthe line to 8): ) Withtion, rected Valve(21 sure es posip is di lator (line prion pum Regu tput miss

RK g PA nnin u eR gin En


PARK
Engine Running
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1
LO
1 2 D D NR
EX


P

MANUAL VALVE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

DECREASE

➤ ➤

7

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

51

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

372(#4)


32

4T
H
33

34

A
3

34

D

35

➤ ➤

O

➤ ➤

V
V

36

E
ER

O

37

R

O
V
ER
38

RU

D2

39

O

RI

FI

40

CE

D

3-


D2

2

SI

➤ ➤

G

N

A

L

➤ ➤

5

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS
CASE ASSEMBLY (3) GASKET SPACER PLATE/ CHANNEL PLATE (369) REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY (39-49) TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY (200)

GASKET VALVE BODY/ SPACER PLATE (371)

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY (300)

SPACER PLATE (370)

CASE COVER ASSEMBLY (400)

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY (15-22) MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY (106-115) FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

1-2 & 2-3 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (124-140)

BOTTOM PAN (24)

Figure 2

The flow of transaxle fluid starts in the bottom pan and is drawn through the filter, case assembly, channel plate assembly, spacer plate and gaskets, control valve assembly and into oil pump assembly. This is a basic concept of fluid flow that can be understood by reviewing the illustrations provided in Figure 2. However, fluid may pass between the valve body, spacer plate, channel plate and other components many times before reaching a valve or applying a clutch. For this reason, the graphics are designed to show the exact location where fluid passes through a component and into other passages for specific gear range operation. To provide a better understanding of fluid flow in the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle, the components involved with hydraulic control and fluid flow are illustrated in three major formats. Figure 3 (page 7-7A) provides an example of these formats which are: • •
6

A graphic schematic representation that displays valves, checkballs, orifices and so forth, required for the proper function of transaxle in a specific gear range. In the schematic drawings, fluid circuits are represented by straight line and orifices are represented by indentations in a circuit. All circuits are labeled and color coded to provide reference points between the schematic drawing and the two dimensional line drawing of the components. Figure 4 (page 7B) provides an illustration of a typical valve, bushing and valve train components. A brief description of valve operation is also provided to support the illustration. Figure 5 (page 7B) provides a color coded chart that references different fluid pressures used to operate the hydraulic control systems. A brief description of how fluid pressures affect valve operation is also provided.

A three dimensional line drawing of the component for easier part identification. A two dimensional line drawing of the component to indicate fluid passages and orifices.

2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST
➤ ➤

EX

➤ TCC

RELEASE

TCC APPLY

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST
5a

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST


LO-1ST

4TH CL

39b

38a

39a

11b

38b

19b

18g

48a

29d

20a

40a

14b

29b

2b ➤

➤ 2c

11a

TORQ SIG

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE

D-4

D-4

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

LINE

LINE

➤ 2k

29a

38c

40b

40c

#9

19a

18k

18f

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

34

20

19e

2a

2b

3a

2d

19f

EX D4

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

11g

18h

29c

39c

16a

11e

39d

19c

31a

11d

20b

11c

48b

48c

GASKET (369)

3RD CLUTCH

#3
19d

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8a

11f

8b

5b

2e

2g

2h

2f

ACT FD

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

REV BST

REV LINE

REVERSE
➤ ➤

LINE

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

39f

3RD CLU

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

LO LO-1ST

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a 35a 31e

CONV FD TORQUE SIG

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

D2
D4

EX

EX

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS

D4 D3

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

3RD

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

LOW/1ST GEAR

EX

ORIFICED EXH
1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

3-4 ACCUM

➤ ➤

TCC RELEASE

D3

SUCTION

2-3 OFF SIG

2ND

EX

➤ ➤

LOW/1ST GEAR

D4

TCC REL

TCC REG APP

D4

2n

TORQUE SIG

3RD

3-4 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM

LINE

LINE

TCC REG APPLY

TORQUE SIG

LINE

TCC APPLY
1

EX

3-4 ACCUM

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

2-3 AC

13b

13a

25a

25d

27c

15a

10a

29e

24b

42a

12a 42b

23a

24c

42c

29f

25c

25b

20d

20c

9a

2m

8a

6b

6a

2p

29g

42d

9b

7

12b

4

9

8d

26g

26h

24a

23b

25

26

2l

18

8g

32

22

10

11

6

5

2

29h

8h

8e

2s

26f

2v

2r

8f

2t

2ND CL

➤ ➤

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE LINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL CHANNEL PLATE (400) CASE (3) COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (122)

GRAPHIC SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION

OIL PUMP BODY (202)

CONTROL VALVE BODY ALVE ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY (300)

CASE COVER ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY (400)

THREE DIMENSIONAL PUMP COVER SIDE

THREE DIMENSIONAL CASE COVER SIDE

THREE DIMENSIONAL VALVE BODY SIDE

TWO DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

Figure 3

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

1-2 ACCUM

ACTUATOR FD

FWD SERVO COOLER
FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

EX

EX

➤ ➤

2-3 ACCUM

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

#2

➤ ➤

14b

27a

27b

25e

14a

ACT FD

24b

LUBE COOLER

D3

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

3RD

1-2 ACCUM

TCC RELEASE

➤ 24a

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

FOLDOUT ➤ 7

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

37d 8 24c

37c

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

EX

LUBE PIPE (126)

2ND

18e

2ND CL

TCC SIG

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

2x 2w

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4 ➤ LINE

3

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

2ND

TORQ SIG

CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND TCC APPLY

2z ➤ 42e 21 18d

➤ 4a

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3 EX

ACT FD ACT FD

CHANNEL PLATE (400)

3RD

TORQUE SIG CONVERTER FEED 3RD

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

37a 13 18b

4TH CL LINE

D4

EX

Pressure Control Solenoid N.O.

LINE

DECREASE

D3

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

LINE

3RD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

2-3 SIGNAL

#8
36c 37b

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD

D2

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

35b
23

D3

VBS

D2

33a

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

PUMP BODY (202)

LO D4

LINE

D3

3RD

3RD CL D3

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

D2

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE

AUX INPUT CL FD

31c

3RD CL

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE
➤ ➤

ON

39g

LO-1ST

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

31f

39e

LO

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

FWD BST

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4b

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD

CONV FD

EX

1 2 D D NR

P

LINE

THERMO ELEMENT

19g
18a

D4 2-3 SIG 2-3 SIG

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CHANNEL PLATE (400)

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

PRN REVERSE

LUBE

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

;; ;; ;; ;;; ;;; ; ;; ;; ;; ;;
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS
INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

ACCUMULATOR COVER SIDE

COOLER

ACCUMULATOR ACCUMULATOR HOUSING ASSEMBLY ASSEMBL (140)

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

THREE DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL ACCUMULATOR HOUSING SIDE



ACCUMULATOR ACCUMULATOR SPACER SPACER PLATE TE (134)

SPACER PLATE (134)



THREE DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL ACCUMULATOR HOUSING SIDE

ACCUMULATOR ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

THREE DIMENSIONAL
SPACER PLATE (370)

TWO DIMENSIONAL CONTROL VALVE BODY SIDE

GASKET (371)

GASKET (369)

ALVE VALVE BODY SPACER SPACER PLATE TE (370)

THREE DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

FOLDOUT ➤ 7A

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS
TYPICAL BUSHING & VALVE

BUSHING SPRING VALVE BORE PLUG

SPACER PLATE VALVE BODY

RESTRICTING ORIFICE

CHECK BALL

SPRING VALVE BORE PLUG BUSHING

BUSHING TO APPLY COMPONENT


➤ ➤ ➤

SIGNAL FLUID

SIGNAL FLUID

EX WITH SIGNAL FLUID PRESSURE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN SPRING AND SPRING ASSIST FLUID PRESSURE THE VALVE REMAINS IN CLOSED POSITION.

EX WITH SIGNAL FLUID PRESSURE GREATER THAN SPRING AND SPRING ASSIST FLUID PRESSURE THE VALVE MOVES OVER.

Figure 4

FLUID PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE LINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL

➤A

B

TORQUE SIGNAL
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

EXHAUST DIRECTION OF FLOW WITH EQUAL SURFACE AREAS ON EACH END OF THE VALVE, BUT FLUID PRESSURE "A" BEING GREATER THAN FLUID PRESSURE "B", THE VALVE WILL MOVE TO THE RIGHT. WITH THE SAME FLUID PRESSURE ACTING ON BOTH SURFACE "A" AND SURFACE "B" THE VALVE WILL MOVE TO THE LEFT. THIS IS DUE TO THE LARGER SURFACE AREA OF "A" THAN "B".

Figure 5

SPACER PLATE

APPLY FLUID

SPACER PLATE

EXHAUST FROM THE APPLY COMPONENT UNSEATS THE CHECKBALL, THEREFORE CREATING A QUICK RELEASE.

SPRING ASSIST FLUID

APPLY FLUID

SPRING ASSIST FLUID

APPLY FLUID SEATS THE CHECKBALL FORCING FLUID THROUGH AN ORIFICE IN THE SPACER PLATE, WHICH CREATES A SLOWER APPLY.

A

B

RETAINING PIN

VALVE BODY



➤ ➤
➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤


7B

HYDRA-MATIC 4T65-E
TORQUE CONVERTER (1) MANUAL REVERSE SERVO SHAFT ASSEMBLY (807) (39-49) VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR RELUCTOR WHEEL ASSEMBLY (527) PARKING LOCK ACTUATOR (800) 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (670) INPUT SPRAG INPUT CLUTCH CARRIER ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY (722) (672) REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687)

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683)

DIFFERENTIAL/ FINAL DRIVE CARRIER ASSEMBLY (700)

SPEED SENSOR (10)

OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY (200) CONTROL VALVE ASSEMBLY (300)

CASE EXTENSION ASSEMBLY (6)

FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688)

DRIVE SPROCKET (516)

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY (15-22)

3-4 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (421-428)

2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY (680)

CASE COVER ASSEMBLY (400)

DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY (507)

OUTPUT SHAFT (510)

4TH CLUTCH HUB & SHAFT ASSEMBLY (504)

4TH CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (500-502)

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)
Figure 6

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY (615)

2ND CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (620-627)

3RD CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (639-649)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY (103-115)

INPUT CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (654-659)

8

Figure 7

HYDRA-MATIC 4T65-E CROSS SECTIONAL VIEW
This illustration is a typical engineering cross sectional drawing of the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle that has been used sparingly in this publication. Unless an individual is familiar with this type of drawing, it may be difficult to use when locating or identifying a component in the transaxle. For this reason, the three dimensional graphic illustration on page 8 has been the primary drawing used throughout this publication. It also may be used to assist in the interpretation of the engineering drawing when locating a component in the transaxle.
8A

These illustrations, and others used throughout the book, use a consistent coloring of the components in order to provide an easy reference to a specific component. Colors then remain the same from section to section, thereby supporting the information contained in this book.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Hydra-matic 4T65-E is a fully automatic four speed front wheel drive electronically controlled transaxle. It consists primarily of a four-element torque converter, two planetary gear sets, a hydraulic pressurization and control system, friction and mechanical clutches and, a final drive planetary gear set with a differential assembly. The four-element torque converter contains a pump, a turbine, a pressure plate splined to the turbine, and a stator assembly. The torque converter acts as a fluid coupling to smoothly transmit power from the engine to the transaxle. It also hydraulically provides additional torque multiplication when required. The pressure plate, when applied, provides a mechanical “direct drive” coupling of the engine to the transaxle. The two planetary gear sets provide the four forward gear ratios and reverse. Changing gear ratios is fully automatic and is accomplished through the use of a Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM receives and monitors various electronic sensor inputs and uses this information to shift the transaxle at the optimum time.
The PCM commands shift solenoids, within the transaxle, on and off to control shift timing. The PCM also controls the apply and release of the torque converter clutch which allows the engine to deliver the maximum fuel efficiency without sacrificing vehicle performance. The hydraulic system primarily consists of a vane type pump, control valve body and channel plate. The pump maintains the working pressures needed to stroke the servos and clutch pistons that apply or release the friction components. These friction components (when applied or released) support the automatic shifting qualities of the transaxle. The friction components used in this transaxle consist of five multiple disc clutches and two bands. The multiple disc clutches combine with three mechanical components, two roller clutches and a sprag clutch, to deliver five different gear ratios through gear sets. The gear sets then transfer torque through the final drive differential and out to the drive axles.

PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
An automatic transaxle is the mechanical component of a vehicle that transfers power (torque) from the engine to the wheels. It accomplishes this task by providing a number of forward gear ratios that automatically change as the speed of the vehicle increases. The reason for changing forward gear ratios is to provide the performance and economy expected from vehicles manufactured today. On the performance end, a gear ratio that develops a lot of torque (through torque multiplication) is required in order to initially start a vehicle moving. Once the vehicle is in motion, less torque is required in order to maintain the vehicle at a certain speed. Once the vehicle has reached a desired speed, economy becomes the important factor and the transaxle will shift into overdrive. At this point output speed is greater than input speed, and, input torque is greater than output torque. Another important function of the automatic transaxle is to allow the engine to be started and run without transferring torque to the wheels. This situation occurs whenever Park (P) or Neutral (N) range has been selected. Also, operating the vehicle in a rearward direction is possible whenever Reverse (R) range has been selected (accomplished by the gear sets). The variety of ranges in an automatic transaxle are made possible through the interaction of numerous mechanically, hydraulically and electronically controlled components inside the transaxle. At the appropriate time and sequence, these components are either applied or released and operate the gear sets at a gear ratio consistent with the driver’s needs. The following pages describe the theoretical operation of the mechanical, hydraulic and electrical components found in the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle. When an understanding of these operating principles has been attained, diagnosis of these transaxle systems is made easier.

EXPLANATION OF GEAR RANGES
for safe passing by depressing the accelerator or by manually selecting a lower gear with the shift selector.

P

R

N

D

D

2

1

Figure 8

The transaxle should not be operated in Overdrive when towing a trailer or driving on hilly terrain. Under such conditions that put an extra load on the engine, the transaxle should be driven in a lower manual gear selection for maximum efficiency. D – Manual Third can be used for conditions where it may be desirable to use only three gear ratios. These conditions include towing a trailer and driving on hilly terrain as described above. This range is also helpful for engine braking when descending slight grades. Upshifts and downshifts are the same as in Overdrive range for first, second and third gears except that the transaxle will not shift into fourth gear. 2 – Manual Second adds more performance for congested traffic and hilly terrain. It has the same starting ratio (first gear) as Manual Third but prevents the transaxle from shifting above second gear. Thus, Manual Second can be used to retain second gear for acceleration and engine braking as desired. Manual Second can be selected at any vehicle speed but will not downshift into second gear until the vehicle speed drops below approximately 100 km/h (62 mph). 1 – Manual First can be selected at any vehicle speed. If the transaxle is in third or fourth gear it will immediately shift into second gear. When the vehicle speed slows to below approximately 60 km/h (37 mph) the transaxle will then shift into first gear. This is particularly beneficial for maintaining maximum engine braking when descending steep grades.
FOLDOUT ➤ 9

The transaxle can be operated in any one of the seven different positions shown on the shift quadrant (Figure 8). P – Park position enables the engine to be started while preventing the vehicle from rolling either forward or backward. For safety reasons, the vehicle’s parking brake should be used in addition to the transaxle “Park” positions. Since the final drive differential and output shaft are mechanically locked to the case through the parking pawl and final drive internal gear, Park position should not be selected until the vehicle has come to a complete stop. R – Reverse enables the vehicle to be operated in a rearward direction. N – Neutral position enables the engine to start and operate without driving the vehicle. If necessary, this position should be selected to restart the engine while the vehicle is moving. D – Overdrive range should be used for all normal driving conditions for maximum efficiency and fuel economy. Overdrive range allows the transaxle to operate in each of the four forward gear ratios. Downshifts to a lower gear, or higher gear ratio, are available

9A

MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS
VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR RELUCTOR WHEEL ASSEMBLY (527) DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY (507) OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT (227) DRIVE SPROCKET (516)
SPLINED TO TORQUE CONVERTER TURBINE ASSEMBLY (D)

TURBINE SHAFT (518)

REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY (39-49)

SPLINED TOGETHER

SPLINED TOGETHER

INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

SPLINED TO (672)

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

SPLINED TOGETHER

SPLINED TOGETHER

SPLINED TO (632)

4TH CLUTCH HUB & SHAFT ASSEMBLY (504)

REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY (615) 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)
SPLINED TO (668)

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (653, 717-721)

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (661, 665, 719, 721, 722)

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

PAWL & PIN LOCKOUT ASSEMBLY (694)
SPLINED TO (675)

PARKING GEAR (696)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

4TH CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (500-502)

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688) 2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY (680)

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER ASSEMBLY (681-687)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

SPLINED TO CASE

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY (15-22)

SPLINED TO (689)

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM (678) MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY (103-115) DIFFERENTIAL/ FINAL DRIVE CARRIER ASSEMBLY (700)

SPLINED TO (669)

OUTPUT SHAFT (510)

SPLINED TOGETHER

10

Figure 9

COLOR LEGEND
MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS

The fold-out graphic on page 10 contains a disassembled drawing of the major components used in the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle. This drawing, along with the cross sectional illustrations on pages 8 and 8A, shows the major mechanical components and their relationship to each other as a complete assembly. Therefore, color has been used throughout this book to help identify parts that are splined together, rotating at engine speed, held stationary, and so forth. Color differentiation is particularly helpful when using the Power Flow section for understanding the transaxle operation. The color legend below provides the “general” guidelines that were followed in assigning specific colors to the major components. However, due to the complexity of this transaxle, some colors (such as grey) were used for artistic purposes rather than being restricted to the specific function or location of that component. Components held stationary in the case or splined to the case. Examples: Driven Sprocket Support (609), Final Drive Internal Gear (693) and Valve Body (300). Components that rotate at engine speed. Examples: Torque Converter Assembly (1) and Oil Pump Drive Shaft (227). Components that rotate at turbine speed. Examples: Converter Turbine, Drive Sprocket (516), Driven Sprocket (506) and Input Shaft and Housing Assembly (632). Components that rotate at transaxle output speed. Examples: Differential/Final Drive Carrier (700), Output Shaft (510). Components such as the Stator in the Torque Converter (1), 2nd Clutch Housing (217), Reverse Reaction Drum (669) and Input Carrier Assembly (672). Components such as the Reaction Sun Gear Drum (678) and 1/2 Support Inner Race (681). Components such as the 1/2 Support Outer Race (687). Components such as the Reaction Carrier Assembly (675), Parking Gear (696) and Final Drive Sun Gear (697). Accumulators, Servos and Bands.

All bearings and bushings.

All seals

10A

COLOR LEGEND
APPLY COMPONENTS

The Range Reference Chart on page 11, provides another valuable source of information for explaining the overall function of the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle. This chart highlights the major apply components that function in a selected gear range, and the specific gear operation within that gear range. Included as part of this chart is the same color reference to each major component that was previously discussed. If a component is active in a specific gear range, a word describing its activity will be listed in the column below that component. The row where the activity occurs corresponds to the appropriate transaxle range and gear operation. An abbreviated version of this chart can also be found at the top of the half page of text located in the Power Flow section. This provides for a quick reference when reviewing the mechanical power flow information contained in that section.

10B

RANGE REFERENCE CHART

RANGE

GEAR

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE ON

2-3 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE ON ON ON OFF OFF @ OFF @ ON @ ON @ ON @ ON @ ON ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH * HOLDING OVERRUN

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

P-N
1st 2nd

* APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED * APPLIED HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING APPLIED * APPLIED APPLIED * APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED *

ON OFF OFF ON @ OFF @ OFF @ ON @ OFF @ ON @ ON ON

HOLDING HOLDING OVERRUN OVERRUN

APPLIED APPLIED * * * APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED

D
3rd 4th 3rd

HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED

OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING

D

2nd 1st 2nd

2
1st

1 R

1st REVERSE

*APPLIED OR HOLDING WITH NO LOAD (NOT TRANSMITTING TORQUE) ON = SOLENOID ENERGIZED OFF = SOLENOID DE-ENERGIZED @ THE SOLENOID’S STATE FOLLOWS A SHIFT PATTERN WHICH DEPENDS UPON VEHICLE SPEED, THROTTLE POSITION AND SELECTED GEAR RANGE.

Figure 10

11

TORQUE CONVERTER
THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY (B) THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY (B)

CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY (A)

STATOR ASSEMBLY (C)

DAMPER ASSEMBLY (F) TURBINE PRESSURE PLATE ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY (D) (G) TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

CONVERTER HOUSING COVER ASSEMBLY (J)

TORQUE CONVERTER:

The torque converter (1) is the primary component for transmittal of power between the engine and the transaxle. It is bolted to the engine flywheel (known as the flexplate) so that it will rotate at engine speed. Some of the major functions of the torque converter are:

A

• to provide for a smooth conversion of torque from the engine C to the mechanical components of the transaxle • to multiply torque from the engine that enables the vehicle to achieve additional performance when required DRIVE • to mechanically operate the transaxle oil SPROCKET SUPPORT pump (200) through the pump shaft (227) (522) • to provide a mechanical link, or direct drive from the engine to the transaxle through the use of a PUMP Torque Converter SHAFT Clutch (TCC) (227) The torque converter assembly is made up of the following five main sub-assemblies: • a converter pump assembly (A) which is the driving member • a turbine assembly (D) which is the driven TURBINE or output member SHAFT (518) • a stator assembly (C) which is the reaction member located between the pump and turbine assemblies • a pressure plate assembly (G) splined to the turbine assembly B to enable direct mechanical drive • a converter housing cover assembly (J) which is welded to the converter pump assembly
CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY AND TURBINE ASSEMBLY

D

J

F

When the engine is running the converter pump assembly acts as a centrifugal pump by picking up fluid at its center and discharging it at its rim between the blades. The force of this fluid then hits the turbine blades and causes the turbine to rotate. As the engine and converter pump increase in RPM, so does the turbine.
PRESSURE PLATE, DAMPER AND CONVERTER HOUSING COVER ASSEMBLIES

G

Torque converter failure could cause loss of drive and

or loss of power. To reduce torsional shock during the apply of the pressure plate to the converter cover, a spring loaded damper assembly (F) is used. The pressure plate is attached to the pivoting mechanism of the damper assembly which allows the pressure plate to rotate independently of the damper assembly up to approximately 45 degrees. During engagement, the springs in the damper assembly cushion the pressure plate engagement and also reduce irregular torque pulses from the engine or road surface.

The pressure plate is splined to the turbine hub and applies (engages) with the converter cover to provide a mechanical coupling of the engine to the transaxle. When the pressure plate assembly is applied, the amount of slippage that occurs through a fluid coupling is reduced (but not elimanted), thereby providing a more efficient transfer of engine torque to the drive wheels.

12

Figure 11

TORQUE CONVERTER
FLUID FLOW

STATOR ASSEMBLY (C) CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY (A) TURBINE ASSEMBLY (D)

Figure 12

Stator roller clutch failure
• roller clutch freewheels in both directions can cause poor acceleration at low speed. • roller clutch locks up in both directions can cause poor acceleration at high speed. • Overheated fluid.

STATOR ASSEMBLY

STATOR

The stator assembly is located between the pump assembly and turbine assembly, and is mounted on a one-way roller clutch. This one-way roller clutch allows the stator to rotate in one direction and prevents (holds) the stator from rotating in the other direction. The function of the stator is to redirect fluid returning from the turbine in order to assist the engine in turning the converter pump assembly.
CONVERTER AT COUPLING SPEED

STATOR ROTATES FREELY

FLUID FLOW FROM TURBINE

STATOR HELD FLUID FLOW REDIRECTED

CONVERTER MULTIPLYING

At low vehicle speeds when greater torque is needed, fluid from the turbine hits the front side of the stator blades (the converter is multiplying torque). At this time, the oneway roller clutch prevents the stator from rotating in the same direction as the fluid flow, thereby redirecting fluid to assist the engine in turning the converter pump. In this mode, fluid leaving the converter pump has more force to turn the turbine assembly and multiply engine torque. As vehicle speed increases and less torque is required, centrifugal force acting on the fluid changes the direction of the fluid leaving the turbine such that it hits the back side of the stator blades (converter at coupling speed). When this occurs, the roller clutch overruns and allows the stator to rotate freely. Fluid is no longer being redirected to the converter pump and engine torque is not being multiplied.

Figure 13

13

TORQUE CONVERTER
RELEASE
When the torque converter clutch is released, fluid is fed into the torque converter by the pump into the release fluid passage. The release fluid passage is located between the oil pump drive shaft (227) and the turbine shaft (518). Fluid travels between the shafts and enters the release side of the pressure plate at the end of the turbine shaft. The pressure plate is forced away from the converter cover and allows the torque converter turbine to rotate at speeds other than engine speed. The release fluid then flows between the friction element on the pressure plate and the converter cover to enter the apply side of the torque converter. The fluid then exits the torque converter through the apply passage which goes into the drive sprocket support (522) and on through an oil sleeve within the turbine shaft. This fluid now travels to the valve body and on to the oil cooler.

APPLY
When the PCM determines that the vehicle is at the proper speed for the torque converter clutch to apply it sends a signal to the TCC PWM solenoid. The TCC PWM solenoid then routes line fluid from the pump to the apply passage of the torque converter. The apply passage is a hole between two seals on the turbine shaft. The fluid flows inside the turbine shaft within an oil sleeve, then out of the sleeve and into the converter hub/drive sprocket support. Fluid passes through a hole in the support and into the torque converter on the apply side of the pressure plate assembly. Release fluid is then routed out of the torque converter between the turbine shaft and the pump shaft. Apply fluid pressure forces the pressure plate against the torque converter cover to provide a mechanical link between the engine and the turbine. In vehicles equipped with the the Electronically Controlled Clutch Capacity (ECCC) system, the pressure plate does not fully lock to the torque converter cover. It is instead precisely controlled to maintain a small amount of slippage between the engine and the turbine, reducing driveline torsional disturbances. The TCC apply should occur in fourth gear (also third gear in some applications), and should not apply until the transaxle fluid has reached a minimum operating temperature of 8°C (46°F) and the engine coolant temperature reaches 50°C (122°F). For more information on TCC apply and release, see Overdrive Range – Fourth Gear TCC Released and Applied, pages 70-71.
TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1) PRESSURE PLATE
➤ ➤

No TCC apply can be caused by: • • • • • • TCC PWM solenoid valve assembly (334) malfunction. TCC control valve (335) stuck or binding TCC regulator apply valve (327) stuck or binding # 10 ball check valve (372) missing or mislocated Spacer plate and gaskets misaligned or incorrect TCC blowoff ball valve (420B) or spring (418) damaged or not seating • Turbine shaft and or seals damaged or missing • Turbine shaft bushing (523) worn or damaged • Pressure plate assembly friction material worn or damaged

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

APPLY FLUID

DRIVE SPROCKET SUPPORT (522) OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT (227) APPLY FLUID OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT (227) APPLY FLUID

RELEASE FLUID

TURBINE SHAFT (518)
➤ ➤

TCC RELEASE
14
Figure 14

TCC APPLY

➤ ➤

DRIVE SPROCKET SUPPORT (522)

RELEASE FLUID

TURBINE SHAFT (518)

RELEASE FLUID PRESSURE PLATE

APPLY COMPONENTS
The Apply Components section is designed to explain the function of the hydraulic and mechanical holding devices used in the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle. Some of these apply components, such as clutches and bands, are hydraulically “applied” and “released” in order to provide automatic gear range shifting. Other components, such as a roller clutch or sprag clutch, often react to a hydraulically “applied” component by mechanically “holding” or “releasing” another member of the transaxle. This interaction between the hydraulically and mechanically applied components is then explained in detail and supported with a graphic illustration. In addition, this section shows the routing of fluid pressure to the individual components and their internal functions when it applies or releases. The sequence in which the components in this section have been discussed coincides with their physical arrangement inside the transaxle. This order closely parallels the disassembly sequence used in the Hydra-matic 4T65-E Unit Repair Section located in Section 7 of the appropriate Service Manual. It also correlates with the components shown on the Range Reference Charts that are used throughout the Power Flow section of this book. The correlation of information between the sections of this book helps the user more clearly understand the hydraulic and mechanical operating principles for this transaxle.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

MATING OR RELATED COMPONENTS

APPLY COMPONENTS
3RD CLUTCH:

APPLY COMPONENTS
3RD SPRAG CLUTCH:

3RD CLUTCH RELEASE:

The 3rd clutch assembly (639-649), loc inside the input shaft & housing assem (632), is applied or “ON” during Third Fourth Gear Ranges as well as Manual T and Manual First Gear Ranges.
3RD CLUTCH APPLY:

RETAINER & BALL ASSEMBLY

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

3RD CLUTCH/ LO-1ST APPLY FLUID

LUBE PASSAGE

"O" RING SEAL (638)

SEAL (INNER) (641) 3RD CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING (639)

Clutch not releasing can cause third gear only. Clutch not applying can cause no third gear.

OIL RING SEAL (628)

WAVED PLATE (645)

639

640

642

643

640

645

646

647

20

Figure 20

DISASSEMBLED VIEW

➤➤

EX

➤ ➤

To apply the 3rd clutch, 3rd clutch/lo fluid is fed through the driven sprocket s port (609) and into the input shaft & ho ing assembly (632). A feed hole in input shaft allows 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid enter between the 3rd clutch piston hou (639) and 3rd clutch piston & seal ass bly (642). Fluid pressure seats the reta & ball assembly and moves the pisto compress the 3rd clutch spring guide & tainer (643). The piston continues to m until it contacts and holds the 3rd cl (waved) plate (645) and 3rd clutch p assemblies (646-647) against the back plate (648). The 3rd clutch (waved) p (645) is used to cushion the apply of 3rd clutch. When fully applied, the 3rd clutch prov the power to the gear sets (672 & 6 through: the 3rd clutch (waved) plate ( and external teeth on the 3rd clutch p assemblies (646) splined into the input s & housing assembly (632); and, the in nal teeth on the 3rd clutch plate assem (647) splined to the 3rd sprag clutch (ou race (653).

To release the 3rd clutch assembly (6 649), 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid pressure hausts through the apply passages in input shaft & housing assembly (632) driven sprocket support (609). In the sence of fluid pressure, the 3rd clutch sp guide & retainer (643) moves the 3rd cl piston & seal assembly (642) and rele the 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) and clutch plate assemblies (646-647) from tact with the backing plate (648). During the release of the 3rd clutch/lo fluid, the retainer & ball assembly, loc in the 3rd clutch piston & seal assem (642), unseats. Centrifugal force, resul from the rotation of the 3rd clutch pisto seal assembly (642), unseats the chec and forces residual 3rd clutch/lo-1st fl through the unseated retainer & ball ass bly. If this fluid did not completely haust from behind the piston, there co be a partial apply, or drag, of the 3rd cl plates. APPLIED RELEASED

The 3rd sprag clutch assembly (653, 661, 717-721), locat inside the input shaft & housing assembly (632), mechanica holds the input sun gear (668) during Overdrive Range Th Gear as well as Manual Third and Manual First Gear ranges.
3RD SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING:

inner race to rotate at the same speed as the outer race result is a direct drive (1:1) gear ratio through the gea during 3rd gear operation.
3RD SPRAG CLUTCH RELEASE:

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

When the 3rd clutch assembly (639-649) is applied, the inter teeth on the 3rd clutch plate assemblies (647), splined to the 3 sprag clutch outer race (653), holds the race and rotates it in same direction and speed as the input shaft & housing assemb The inner race and retainer assembly (661), which is splined the input sun gear (668), is trying to rotate at a faster speed th the 3rd sprag clutch outer race. When this occurs, the spr elements wedge between the inner and outer races to force

The 3rd sprag clutch assembly releases whenever the 3rd releases, or when its elements “overrun” (freewheel). An running condition occurs in Overdrive Range Fourth Gear the input sun gear is held by the fourth clutch hub & assembly (504). Since the 3rd clutch assembly is applied ing the 3rd sprag outer race) while the inner race is held fourth clutch shaft, the sprag elements pivot and disengage the races. In this situation the 3rd sprag clutch outer overruns the stationary inner race.
3rd sprag clutch damaged can cause no third gear and no engine braking in manual first.

OUTER RACE (653) HELD - FORCED TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED 3RD CLUTCH PISTON & SEAL ASSEMBLY (642) 3RD CLUTCH SPRING GUIDE & RETAINER (643) SNAP RING (649) 3RD SPRAG (720) OUTER RACE (653)

INPUT SPRAG INNER RACE (661)

3RD SPRAG OUTER RACE (653)

3RD SPRAG ASSEMBLY (720)


3RD SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING/DRIVING INNER RACE (661)

BACKING PLATE (648) SNAP RING (640) 3RD CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (647) 3RD CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (646) HELD 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUNNING 3RD SPRAG (720) INNER RACE (661) 3RD CLUTCH SPRAG RETAINER (718) SPIRAL LOCK RING (717) END BEARING (719) CENTER BEARING (721) OUTER RACE (653) HELD - FORCED TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED OUTER RACE (653)


649

INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) PREVENTED FROM ROTATING AT A FASTER SPEED

INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) IS HELD STATIONARY THROUGH 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT

648

717

718

719

720

721

653

661

Figure 21

21

CUTAWAY VIEW

Figure 15

15

APPLY COMPONENTS
DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT: 2ND CLUTCH FEED:

The driven sprocket support (609), located behind the case cover (400) and nested inside the “barrel” of the case (3), is the primary component for fluid distribution to the clutch packs. A cup bearing assembly (606) is pressed into the housing and provides support for the driven sprocket (506). The driven sprocket support also serves as the housing for the 4th clutch piston assembly (603-604) and the 4th clutch piston return spring assembly (602).
HYDRAULIC FEED CIRCUITS: LUBE (front):

2nd clutch fluid from the control valve assembly is routed through the case cover and into the driven sprocket support. 2nd clutch fluid then passes between the driven sprocket support housing and sleeve, and exits the housing at a groove located between two seals. The seals ride on the inner diameter of the 2nd clutch housing (617) which allows 2nd clutch fluid to enter the housing and apply the clutch. See 2ND CLUTCH APPLY, page 19.
3RD CLUTCH FEED:

Whenever the engine is running, line pressure from the pump assembly (200) is fed through an orifice in the valve body spacer plate (370), through the case cover assembly (400) and to the driven sprocket support. Lube enters the driven sprocket support housing and is routed between the housing and a sleeve where it feeds the lubrication circuit. See LUBRICATION CIRCUITS, page 104.
INPUT CLUTCH FEED:

3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid from the control valve assembly is routed through the case cover and into the driven sprocket support. 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid then passes through the driven sprocket support sleeve and into a drilled hole located between two seals in the input shaft & housing assembly (632). 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid travels between the input shaft and sleeve, then enters the 3rd clutch piston housing (639) to apply the clutch. See 3RD CLUTCH APPLY, page 20.
4TH CLUTCH FEED:

Input clutch fluid from the control valve assembly (300) is routed through the case cover and into the driven sprocket support. Input clutch fluid then passes through the driven sprocket support sleeve and into a drilled hole located between two seals in the input shaft & housing assembly (632). Input clutch fluid pressure then forces the input clutch piston to move and apply the clutch. See INPUT CLUTCH APPLY, page 22.

4th clutch fluid from the control valve assembly is routed through the case cover and into the driven sprocket support. 4th clutch fluid then passes through a hole in the support that is located behind the 4th clutch piston to apply the clutch. See 4TH CLUTCH APPLY, page 17.
Damaged or leaking seals (628) can cause sliping/delay/no engagement of reverse, first, or third, and possible harsh or soft 2-3/3-2 shift feel. Damaged or leaking seals (612 & 613) can cause sliping/delay/ no engagement of second and possible harsh or soft 1-2 shift feel.

LINE PRESSURE

3RD CL/LO-1ST FLUID

INPUT CLUTCH FLUID

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY (300)

2ND CLUTCH FLUID 4TH CLUTCH FLUID

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609) STATIONARY

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

OIL SEAL RINGS (628)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

CASE COVER (400)

LUBE FLUID

SEALS (612 & 613)

16

Figure 16

APPLY COMPONENTS
3RD CL/LO-1ST APPLY FLUID INPUT CLUTCH APPLY FLUID

4TH CLUTCH APPLY FLUID

To apply the 4th clutch, 4th clutch apply fluid is fed through the driven sprocket support (609) behind the 4th clutch piston assembly (603-604). Pressure from the 4th clutch apply fluid DRIVEN 2ND forces the piston to move towards the SPROCKET CLUTCH LUBE case cover (400) compressing the 4th SUPPORT APPLY FLUID clutch piston return spring assembly (609) FLUID (FRONT) (602) to cushion the apply. Travel of the 4th clutch piston assembly (6034TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH 604) continues until the 4th clutch APPLY PLATE APPLY PASSAGE 4TH CLUTCH REACTION PLATE PISTON (502) (500) (steel) reaction plate (500), 4th PISTON SEAL (603) clutch plate assemblies (501) and (OUTER) (604) 4th clutch apply plates (502) contact and are held against the PISTON SEAL case cover (400). (INNER)
RETAINING RING (601) DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

Plugged fourth apply passage, damaged clutch plates, return spring assembly or piston seals can cause no fourth/slips in fourth.

4TH CLUTCH:

The 4th clutch assembly, located between the case cover (400) and the driven sprocket support (609), is applied “ON” in Fourth Gear Range (Overdrive) only.
4TH CLUTCH APPLY:

CASE COVER (400)

When fully applied, the external teeth on the 4th clutch (steel) plates (500), splined to the case cover (400) and the internal teeth on the 4th clutch (fiber) plate 3RD CL/LO 1ST APPLY PASSAGE assemblies (501), splined to the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504), prevent the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) from rotating.
4TH CLUTCH RELEASE:

(605)

4TH CLUTCH HUB & SHAFT ASSEMBLY (504)

4TH CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (501)

4TH CLUTCH PISTON RETURN SPRING ASSEMBLY (602) LUBE PASSAGE (FRONT)

To release the 4th clutch, 4th clutch apply fluid pressure exhausts, allowing pressure the 4th clutch piston assembly (603-604) to be released. In the absence of fluid pressure, spring force from the 4th clutch 2ND CLUTCH piston return spring assembly APPLY PASSAGE (602) moves the 4th clutch piston assembly (603-604) away from the case cover (400). This action allows the 4th clutch (steel), reaction plate (500) and the 4th clutch (fiber) plate assemblies (501) to disengage with the case cover (400), and release the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) allowing it to rotate.
504 601 602 603 604

500 501

502

501

502

Figure 17

17

APPLY COMPONENTS
REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY:
39 40

REVERSE SERVO RELEASE:

The reverse servo assembly (39-49), located near the top of the transaxle case (3), applies the reverse band assembly (615) when Reverse Gear Range is selected.
REVERSE SERVO APPLY:

41 42 43

44

To apply the reverse servo assembly (39-49), reverse servo apply fluid is fed through the case (3) between the servo cover (40) and the reverse servo piston (44). Pressure from the reverse servo apply fluid forces the piston and selective apply pin (48) to move towards the reverse band assembly (615). This movement compresses the reverse servo cushion spring (45) return spring (49) and reverse servo cushion spring (47) allowing the apply pin (48) to compress the reverse band assembly (615). When the band is compressed, the 2nd clutch housing (617) is held stationary. Reverse Gear engagement feel is controlled by: the reverse servo cushion spring (45) and return spring (49); the reverse servo cushion spring (47); the apply pin (48); the reverse band assembly (615) and second clutch housing (617).
SPRING RETAINER 1ST & 2ND (17) REVERSE SERVO APPLY FLUID CUSHION SPRING (45) CASE (3)

To release the reverse servo assembly (39-49), reverse servo fluid pressure exhausts through the same apply passage in the case, allowing pressure at the reverse servo piston (44) to be released. Spring force from: the return spring (49); reverse servo cushion spring (45); and, the reverse servo cushion spring (47), move the reverse servo piston (44) and apply pin (48) away from the reverse band assembly (615) to release the band. When released, the 2nd clutch housing (617) can rotate as required for other gear ranges.
REVERSE BAND:

The reverse band assembly (615), located under the reverse servo assembly (39-49), is applied or “ON” during Reverse Gear Range only. The band wraps around the second clutch housing (617) and is held in position by the band anchor pin (117). When compressed by the reverse servo assembly (39-49), it holds the 2nd clutch housing (617), reverse reaction drum (669) and input carrier assembly (672) allowing the transaxle to operate in Reverse.
INTERNAL RETAINING RING (42)

47

SERVO COVER (40) RETAINING RING (39) "O" RING SEAL (41) REVERSE SERVO PISTON (44) PISTON SEAL RING (43)

45

46

CUSHION SPRING (47) CUSHION SPRING RETAINER (46) RETURN SPRING (49) APPLY PIN (48)

48

49

No servo apply can cause no reverse/slips in reverse, and can be caused by servo piston oil seal (43) damaged or rolled. Harsh servo apply can be caused by servo cushion spring (45) broken or missing.

ANCHOR PIN (117)

REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY (615)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY (615)

18

Figure 18

APPLY COMPONENTS
2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) 618

During the release of the 2nd clutch fluid, the retainer & ball assembly (618), located in the 2nd clutch housing (617), unseats. Centrifugal force, resulting from the rotation of the 2nd clutch housing (617), unseats the checkball and forces residual 2nd clutch fluid to the outside of the piston housing and through the unseated retainer & ball assembly (618). If this fluid did not completely exhaust from behind the piston, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the 2nd clutch plates.
APPLIED RELEASED

2ND CLUTCH:

2ND CLUTCH APPLY:

To apply the 2nd clutch, 2nd clutch apply fluid is fed through the driven sprocket support (609) to the inner hub of the 2nd clutch housing (617). Feed holes in the hub allows 2nd clutch apply fluid to enter the 2nd clutch housing (617) behind the 2nd clutch piston (620); seats the retainer and ball assembly (618) and moves the piston to compress the apply ring & release spring assembly (621). The piston continues to move, compressing the 2nd clutch wave plate (623), until the 2nd clutch apply plate (716), 2nd clutch reaction plates (625) and 2nd clutch plate assemblies (624) are held against the backing support ring plate (626). When fully applied, the 2nd clutch provides the power to the gear sets (672 & 675) through the: waved plate (623); (steel) tapered apply reaction plate (716); (steel) reaction plates (625) external teeth splined to the 2nd clutch housing (617); and, the 2nd clutch plate assemblies (624) internal teeth splined to the hub on the input housing assembly (631-659).
2ND CLUTCH RELEASE:

RETAINER & BALL ASSEMBLY (618)

RELEASE SPRING & APPLY RING (621)

2ND CLUTCH APPLY FLUID

To release the 2nd clutch assembly (621-627), 2nd clutch apply fluid pressure exhausts through the apply passages in the inner hub of the 2nd clutch housing (617) and driven sprocket support (609). In the absence of fluid pressure, the apply ring & release spring assembly (621) move the 2nd clutch piston (620) and releases the 2nd clutch reaction plates (625 & 716) and 2nd clutch plate assemblies (624) from contact with the backing support ring plate (626).

PISTON WITH MOLDED SEAL (620)

620

621

622

623

716

625

624

Figure 19

➤➤
SNAP RING (622)

➤ ➤

The 2nd clutch assembly (617-627), located between the driven sprocket support (609) and the input clutch assembly (631-659), is applied or “ON” during Second, Third and Fourth Gear Ranges as well as Manual Third and Manual Second Gear Ranges.

EX

Clutch not releasing can cause second gear start or no 2-1 downshift and can be caused by: • 1-2 shift valve (318) stuck or binding. • Debris in control valve body (301). Clutch not applying can cause first gear only and can be caused by damaged or malfunctioning second clutch assembly.
SNAP RING (627)

WAVED PLATE (623)

BACKING PLATE (626) REACTION PLATE (625)

2ND CLUTCH APPLY REACTION PLATE (TAPERED) (716) PLATE ASSEMBLY (624)

626

627

19

APPLY COMPONENTS
3RD CLUTCH: 3RD CLUTCH RELEASE:

The 3rd clutch assembly (639-649), located inside the input shaft & housing assembly (632), is applied or “ON” during Third and Fourth Gear Ranges as well as Manual Third and Manual First Gear Ranges.
3RD CLUTCH APPLY:

RETAINER & BALL ASSEMBLY

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

3RD CLUTCH/ LO-1ST APPLY FLUID

LUBE PASSAGE

"O" RING SEAL (638)

SEAL (INNER) (641) 3RD CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING (639)

Clutch not releasing can cause third gear only. Clutch not applying can cause no third gear.

OIL RING SEAL (628)

WAVED PLATE (645)

639

640

642

643

640

645

646

647

20

Figure 20

➤➤

EX

➤ ➤

To apply the 3rd clutch, 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid is fed through the driven sprocket support (609) and into the input shaft & housing assembly (632). A feed hole in the input shaft allows 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid to enter between the 3rd clutch piston housing (639) and 3rd clutch piston & seal assembly (642). Fluid pressure seats the retainer & ball assembly and moves the piston to compress the 3rd clutch spring guide & retainer (643). The piston continues to move until it contacts and holds the 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) and 3rd clutch plate assemblies (646-647) against the backing plate (648). The 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) is used to cushion the apply of the 3rd clutch. When fully applied, the 3rd clutch provides the power to the gear sets (672 & 675) through: the 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) and external teeth on the 3rd clutch plate assemblies (646) splined into the input shaft & housing assembly (632); and, the internal teeth on the 3rd clutch plate assemblies (647) splined to the 3rd sprag clutch (outer) race (653).

To release the 3rd clutch assembly (639-649), 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid pressure exhausts through the apply passages in the input shaft & housing assembly (632) and driven sprocket support (609). In the absence of fluid pressure, the 3rd clutch spring guide & retainer (643) moves the 3rd clutch piston & seal assembly (642) and releases the 3rd clutch (waved) plate (645) and 3rd clutch plate assemblies (646-647) from contact with the backing plate (648). During the release of the 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid, the retainer & ball assembly, located in the 3rd clutch piston & seal assembly (642), unseats. Centrifugal force, resulting from the rotation of the 3rd clutch piston & seal assembly (642), unseats the checkball and forces residual 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid through the unseated retainer & ball assembly. If this fluid did not completely exhaust from behind the piston, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the 3rd clutch plates.
APPLIED RELEASED

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

3RD CLUTCH PISTON & SEAL ASSEMBLY (642) 3RD CLUTCH SPRING GUIDE & RETAINER (643) SNAP RING (649)

BACKING PLATE (648) SNAP RING (640) 3RD CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (647) 3RD CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (646)

648

649

APPLY COMPONENTS
3RD SPRAG CLUTCH: 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH RELEASE:

The 3rd sprag clutch assembly (653, 661, 717-721), located inside the input shaft & housing assembly (632), mechanically holds the input sun gear (668) during Overdrive Range Third Gear as well as Manual Third and Manual First Gear ranges.
3RD SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING:

When the 3rd clutch assembly (639-649) is applied, the internal teeth on the 3rd clutch plate assemblies (647), splined to the 3rd sprag clutch outer race (653), holds the race and rotates it in the same direction and speed as the input shaft & housing assembly. The inner race and retainer assembly (661), which is splined to the input sun gear (668), is trying to rotate at a faster speed than the 3rd sprag clutch outer race. When this occurs, the sprag elements which are suspended between the inner and outer race with energizing springs, wedge between the inner and outer races to force the inner race to rotate at the same speed as the outer race. The result is a direct drive (1:1) gear ratio through the gear sets during 3rd gear operation.
OUTER RACE (653) HELD - FORCED TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED OUTER RACE (653) ENERGIZING SPRING COMPRESSED

The 3rd sprag clutch assembly releases whenever the 3rd clutch releases, or when its elements “overrun” (freewheel). An overrunning condition occurs in Overdrive Range Fourth Gear when the input sun gear is held by the fourth clutch hub & shaft assembly (504). Since the 3rd clutch assembly is applied (driving the 3rd sprag outer race) while the inner race is held by the fourth clutch shaft, the sprag elements pivot (energizing spring deflects) and disengage from the races. In this situation the 3rd sprag clutch outer race overruns the stationary inner race.
3rd sprag clutch damaged can cause no third gear and no engine braking in manual first.

INPUT SPRAG INNER RACE (661)

3RD SPRAG OUTER RACE (653)

3RD SPRAG ASSEMBLY (720)

3RD SPRAG (720)

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING/DRIVING INNER RACE (661)

INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) PREVENTED FROM ROTATING AT A FASTER SPEED

OUTER RACE (653) HELD - FORCED TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED OUTER RACE (653) ENERGIZING SPRING DEFLECTED

HELD 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUNNING 3RD SPRAG (720) INNER RACE (661) 3RD CLUTCH SPRAG RETAINER (718) SPIRAL LOCK RING (717) END BEARING (719) CENTER BEARING (721)

INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) IS HELD STATIONARY THROUGH 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT

717

718

719

720

721

653

661

Figure 21

21

APPLY COMPONENTS
INPUT CLUTCH: INPUT CLUTCH APPLY: INPUT CLUTCH RELEASE:

The input clutch assembly (637-640 & 654659), located inside the input shaft & housing assembly (632), is applied or “ON” in First and Second Gear Ranges, as well as Manual Third, Manual Second, Manual First and Reverse Gear Ranges.

To apply the input clutch, input clutch fluid is fed through the driven sprocket support (609) and into the input shaft & housing assembly (632). A feed hole in the input shaft allows input clutch fluid to enter between the input clutch piston assembly (635-636) and input shaft & housing assembly (632). Fluid pressure seats the retainer & ball assembly (633) and moves the piston to compress the 633 input spring & retainer assembly (637). The piston continues to move until it contacts the input clutch apply plate (654), compresses the input clutch (waved) plate (655) to cushion the apply, and, holds the input clutch plates (656 & 657) against the backing clutch plate (658) and snap ring (659). When fully applied, the input clutch provides the power to the gear sets (672 & 675) through: the external teeth on the input clutch (waved) plate (655) and input clutch (steel) plates (657) splined to the input shaft & housing assembly (632); and, the internal teeth on the input clutch (fiber) plate assemblies (656) splined to the sprag outer race (665).
RELEASED SEAL INPUT CLUTCH (OUTER) APPLY PLATE (635) (654)

To release the input clutch assembly (637640 & 654-659), input clutch fluid pressure exhausts through the apply passage in the input shaft & housing assembly (632) and driven sprocket support (609). In the absence of fluid pressure, the input spring & retainer assembly (637) moves the input clutch piston assembly (635-636) and releases the input clutch apply plate (654), input clutch (waved) plate (655), and the input clutch plates (656 & 657) from the backing clutch plate (658) and snap ring (659). During the release of the input clutch fluid, the retainer & ball assembly (633), located in the input clutch housing (632), unseats. Centrifugal force, resulting from the rotation of the input shaft & housing assembly (632), forces residual input clutch fluid to the outer perimeter of the piston housing and through the unseated retainer & ball assembly (633). If this fluid did not completely exhaust, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the input clutch plates.
WAVED PLATE (655) INPUT CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (656) INPUT CLUTCH PLATE (FLAT) ASSEMBLY (657)

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

APPLIED

RETAINER & BALL ASSEMBLY (633)

LUBE PASSAGE

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT CLUTCH APPLY FLUID

If inoperative the input clutch can cause no forward or no reverse.
636 637 639 640

22

➤➤ ➤
"O" RING SEAL (638) SNAP RING (640) SEAL (INNER) (634) INPUT SPRING & RETAINER ASSEMBLY (637) INPUT CLUTCH PISTON (636) 3RD CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING (639) 656 658 654 655 657

➤ ➤

EX

SNAP RING (659) BACKING PLATE (658)

659

Figure 22

APPLY COMPONENTS
INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH:

The input clutch sprag assembly (661, 665, 719, 721 & 722), located inside the input shaft & housing assembly ((632), mechanically holds the input sun gear (668) during Overdrive Range First Gear as well as Manual Third, Manual First and Reverse Gear Ranges.
INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING:

The input clutch assembly (637-640 & 654-659) is applied when the internal teeth on the input clutch (fiber) plate assemblies (656) - splined to the input sprag clutch outer race (665) - drive the outer race in the same direction and speed as the input shaft & housing assembly (632). The inner race and retainer assembly (661) is splined to the input sun gear (668) which is held stationary by the weight of the vehicle. Since the outer race of the sprag is forced to rotate while the inner race is stationary,
OUTER RACE (665) HELD - SPRAG (722) FORCES INNER RACE (661) TO ROTATE AT INPUT HOUSING SPEED OUTER RACE (665)

the sprag elements which are suspended between the inner and outer race with energizing springs, wedge between the inner and outer races. This results in a mechanical lock-up of the sprag elements which forces the input sun gear to rotate at the same speed as the input shaft & housing assembly. Power is now provided to the planetary gear sets (672 & 675) during Overdrive Range First Gear, Manual First and Reverse Gear ranges.
INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH RELEASE:

The input sprag clutch assembly releases whenever the input clutch releases or when its elements “overrun” (freewheel). An overrunning condition occurs in Overdrive Second Gear Range or Manual Second Gear Range when the inner race and retainer assembly rotates faster than the input sprag clutch outer race. When this occurs, the sprag elements pivot (energizing spring deflects) and disengage the power flow from the outer race to the inner race.
INPUT SPRAG INNER RACE (661) INPUT SPRAG OUTER RACE (665) INPUT SPRAG ASSEMBLY (722)

ENERGIZING SPRING COMPRESSED

INPUT SPRAG (722)

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING/DRIVING INNER RACE (661)

SPRAG (722) RELEASES (OVERRUNS) WHEN INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) ROTATES FASTER THAN THE OUTER RACE (665) OUTER RACE (665) ENERGIZING SPRING DEFLECTED

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUNNING INPUT SPRAG (722) INNER RACE (661) CENTER BEARING (721) END BEARING (719)

INNER RACE (661) (SPLINED TO INPUT SUN GEAR) ROTATES FASTER THAN OUTER RACE (665)

721

722

665

719

661

If inoperative the input sprag clutch can cause no forward and no reverse.

Figure 23

23

APPLY COMPONENTS
2/1 MANUAL BAND ASSEMBLY (680) 2/1 MANUAL The 2/1 manual servo assembly (104-116), located in the bottom of the case BAND ANCHOR PIN assembly (3), applies the 2/1 manual band assembly (680) when Manual Second and Manual First Gear Ranges are selected. (102)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO ASSEMBLY:

2/1 MANUAL SERVO APPLY:

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM (678)

To apply the 2/1 manual servo assembly (104-116), fluid in the manual 2/1 servo feed passage passes through the case (3) and manual servo apply pipe (125) to the 2/1 manual servo piston (108). Fluid pressure between the 2/1 manual servo body cover (104) and 2/1 manual servo piston (108) forces the piston and 2/1 manual apply pin (111) to move towards the 2/1 band assembly (680). This movement compresses the 2/1 manual servo cushion spring (109) and 2/1 manual servo return spring (112) allowing the apply pin (111) to compress the 2/1 band assembly (680). When the band is compressed, the reaction sun gear & drum assembly (678) is held stationary. 2/1 manual servo apply feel is primarily controlled by the 2/1 manual cushion spring (109) and the 2/1 manual return spring (112).
2/1 MANUAL SERVO RELEASE:

115

114

113

An inoperative 2/1 manual servo assembly can cause no engine braking in manual second (second gear) and manual first (first gear).

To release the 2/1 manual servo assembly (104-116), the gear selector lever must be positioned in a gear range other than Manual Second or Manual First Gear Range. This allows manual 2/1 servo feed fluid to exhaust through the apply passages and release pressure between the 2/1 manual servo piston (108) and the 2/1 manual servo body cover (104). Spring force from the 2/1 manual servo return spring (112) and 2/1 manual servo cushion spring (109) moves the 2/1 manual servo piston (108) and apply pin (111) away from the 2/1 band assembly (680) to release the band. When released, the reaction sun gear & drum assembly (678) can rotate if Park or Neutral Gear has been selected. REACTION
SUN GEAR DRUM (678) 2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY (680)

2/1 BAND ASSEMBLY:
112

111

110

109

108

The 2/1 band assembly (680), located above the 2/1 manual servo assembly (103-115), is applied during Manual Second and Manual First Gear Ranges only. The band wraps around the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) and is held in position by the 2/1 band anchor pin (102). When compressed, the 2/1 band assembly (680) holds the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) to provide engine braking for Manual First & Second Gear Range Operation only.

2-1 MANUAL BAND SERVO BODY (114) CUSHION SPRING RETAINER (110) RETURN SPRING (112) LIP SEAL (107) O-RING SEAL (113) RETAINING CLIP (BOTTOM) (106) CUSHION SPRING (109) 2-1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON (108)

107 2-1 MANUAL BAND SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) FORWARD BAND SERVO APPLY PIPE (124) MANUAL 2-1 SERVO APPLY FLUID 2-1 MANUAL BAND SERVO APPLY PIN (111) RETAINING CLIP (TOP) (116)

106

124

105

125 104

EXHAUST SCREEN (115) (Air Bleed w/Debris Screen) 2-1 MANUAL BAND SERVO BODY COVER (104)

103

24

Figure 24

APPLY COMPONENTS
FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY:

The forward band assembly (688), located behind the forward servo assembly (12-22), is applied or “ON” during all forward gear ranges. The band wraps around the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) and is held in position by the band anchor pin (117). When compressed by the forward servo assembly (12-22), it holds the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) allowing the transaxle to operate in all forward drive ranges.
FORWARD SERVO APPLY:

If inoperative, the forward servo assembly can cause no forward in overdrive range and manual third. Forward will be available in manual second and manual first.

FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688)

1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687)

To apply the forward servo assembly (12-22), drive servo apply fluid is fed through the case (3), into the forward band apply pin (21) and between the forward servo cover (13) and forward servo piston (16). Pressure from the drive servo apply fluid forces the piston and forward band apply pin (21) to move towards the forward band assembly (688). The forward servo piston (16) compresses the forward servo cushion spring (19) and servo return spring (22) allowing the forward band apply pin (21) to compress the forward band assembly (688). When the band is compressed, the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) is held stationary. Forward gear engagement feel is controlled by: the forward servo cushion spring (19); the servo return spring (22); and, the forward band apply pin (21).
FORWARD SERVO RELEASE:

FORWARD BAND ANCHOR PIN (117)
FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY (688) 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687)

CUSHION SPRING RETAINER (20) PISTON LIP SEAL (18) CUSHION SPRING (19) FORWARD BAND SERVO PISTON (16) INTERNAL RETAINING RING (15)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY FLUID

2-1 MANUAL BAND SERVO COVER (104) SQUARE CUT SEAL (105) 18 16 RETURN SPRING (22) 15 SEAL (14) FORWARD BAND SERVO COVER (13)

FORWARD BAND SERVO APPLY PIPE (124) 22 21 20 19

14

Figure 25


13 12

FORWARD BAND SERVO PISTON APPLY PIN (21)

To release the forward servo assembly (12-22), drive servo apply fluid pressure between the forward servo piston (16) and forward servo cover (13) exhausts through the forward band apply pin (21) and through the apply passage in the case (3). Spring force from the servo return spring (22) and forward servo cushion spring (19) move the forward servo piston (16) and forward band apply pin (21) away from the forward band assembly (688), releasing the band. When released, the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (681-687) will rotate.

25

APPLY COMPONENTS
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683,686,687)

The 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (683), located between the reaction sun gear drum (678) and 1/2 support and drum (687), holds the reaction sun gear drum (678) during Overdrive Range First and Second Gear Ranges.
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING:

the reaction sun gear drum (678) is held to provide power flow through the reaction carrier (675).
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH RELEASE:

In Park, Neutral and Reverse Gear Ranges, the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (683) and the reaction sun gear drum (678) rotate freely in the opposite direction of the driven sprocket (506). When the forward band assembly (688) is applied it stops the rotation of the 1/2 support and drum assembly. Since the reaction sun gear drum (678) is attached to the outer race, the roller assembly (683) is forced to the narrow end of the ramp and wedges between the inner race and outer race. When this occurs,

The 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (683 & 687) releases when it “overruns” or when the forward band assembly (688) is not “Applied”. An overrunning condition occurs when the transaxle is in Overdrive Third or Fourth Gear Range and also in Manual Third Gear Range. Power flow through the reaction carrier assembly (675) causes the reaction sun gear drum and outer race (678) to rotate, moving the 1/2 support roller clutch rollers to the wide end of the ramp. When this occurs, the 1/2 support roller clutch (683) releases and the 1/2 support outer race overruns the stationary 1/2 support roller clutch inner race (687).

1/2 SUPPORT AND OUTER RACE (687) HELD STATIONARY DRUM (687) (OUTER RACE) SPRING
HO
N LD I

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678)

1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687)

G

HELD

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH HOLDING REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678)

ROLLER ASSEMBLY (683)

INNER RACE (687) HOLDING - PREVENTS THE REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM (678) FROM ROTATING OPPOSITE TO INPUT HOUSING ROTATION

OUTER RACE (687) HELD STATIONARY 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) SPRING (OUTER RACE)

HELD

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUNNING REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) THRUST BEARING (685) BUSHING (686) 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER ASSEMBLY (683)

ROLLER ASSEMBLY (683)

OUTER RACE (678) ROTATES AS THE INNER RACE (687) REMAINS STATIONARY 678 685 683 687

Inoperative 1/2 support roller clutch assembly can cause no forward in overdrive range and manual third. Forward will be available in manual second and manual first.

26

Figure 26

PLANETARY GEAR SETS
PLANETARY GEAR SETS:

Planetary gear sets are commonly used in an automatic transaxle and they are the main mechanical devices responsible for automatically changing gear ratios. The physical arrangement of its component parts and their rotation around an axis (center line to the axles) is the primary reason why a planetary gear set was given this name. This arrangement not only provides for a strong and compact transaxle component, but it also evenly distributes the energy forces flowing through the gear set. Another benefit gained by this arrangement is that gear clash (a common occurrence with manual transmissions) is eliminated because the gear teeth are always in mesh.
General Component Arrangement and Function:

sible condition also exits and that is when input torque equals output torque. This condition is called direct drive because neither reduction nor overdrive occurs through the gear set. To achieve these various operating conditions, specific components of the gear set must provide the input torque while other components must be held stationary. Detailed explanations of these gear set functions are provided on pages 28 and 29.
Torque vs Speed:

All planetary gear sets contain at least three main components:
• a sun gear • a carrier assembly with planet pinion gears, and • an internal gear.

One of the main components, the sun gear, is located at the center of the planetary gear set and has planet pinion gears revolving around it. These planet pinion gears have gear teeth that are in constant mesh with the sun gear and an internal ring gear that encompasses the entire gear set. Torque from the engine (input torque) is transferred to the gear set and forces at least one of these components to rotate. Since all three main components are in constant mesh with each other, the remaining components are often forced to rotate as a reaction to the input torque. After input torque passes through a gear set, it changes to a lower or higher torque value known as output torque. Output torque then becomes the force that is transmitted to the vehicle’s drive axles. As stated above, when engine torque is transferred through a gear set, the output torque from the gear set either increases or decreases. If output torque is higher than input torque, then the gear set is operating in reduction (1st and 2nd gear ranges). On the other hand, if output torque is lower than input torque, then the gear set is operating in overdrive (4th gear). A third pos-

Another transaxle operating condition directly affected by input and output torque through a gear set is the relationship of torque with output speed. As an automatic transaxle shifts from 1st to 2nd to 3rd to 4th gear, the overall output torque to the wheels decreases as the speed of the vehicle increases (when input speed and input torque are held constant). Higher output torque and lower output speed is used in 1st gear to provide the necessary power for moving heavy loads. However, once the vehicle is moving and the speed of the vehicle increases, less torque is required to maintain that speed. This arrangement provides for a more efficient operation of the powertrain.
Hydra-matic 4T65-E Gear Sets:

The Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle combines two gear sets that provide five gear ratios (four forward and one reverse) for transferring torque to the drive axles. The four main components used in these gear sets are:
• the input sun gear (668) • the input carrier assembly (672) with an internal gear for the reaction carrier • the reaction carrier assembly (675) with an internal gear for the input carrier, and • the reaction sun gear and drum assembly (678).

Another gear set used in the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle is the differential/final drive carrier assembly (700). Information regarding its purpose and function is discussed on page 30.
Gearset failure can cause noise and loss of drive.

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION SUN GEAR (678)

Figure 27

27

PLANETARY GEAR SETS
REDUCTION:

Increasing the torque is generally known as operating in reduction because there is always a decrease in the speed of the output member proportional to the increase in the output torque. Stated in another way, with a constant input speed, the output torque increases as the output speed decreases. Reduction occurs in First Gear and Second Gear Ranges, when the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) is held stationary through the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (683-687). The planetary pinions on the reaction carrier assembly (675) are forced to rotate in a counterclockwise direction and “walk” around the stationary reaction sun gear drum assembly (678). This rotation of the reaction carrier assembly (675) allows the transaxle to operate in gear reduction.
DIRECT DRIVE:

Direct drive occurs in Overdrive Range Third Gear when the second clutch assembly (617-627) drives the input carrier assembly (672) while the third sprag clutch assembly (653, 661, 717,-721) prevents the input sun gear (668) from turning faster than turbine speed. With these two members of the planetary gear set rotating in the same direction and at the same speed the transaxle is operating in direct drive.
OVERDRIVE:

Operating a transaxle in overdrive enables the output speed of the transaxle to be greater than the input speed. This mode of operation allows a vehicle to maintain a relatively high road speed with a reduced engine speed to improve fuel economy. When the transaxle is operating in overdrive, the output speed increases while the output torque decreases proportionally. Overdrive occurs in Overdrive Range Fourth Gear when the input sun gear (668) is held stationary by the fourth clutch shaft (504) and power is applied to the input carrier assembly (672). The input carrier planetary pinions “walk” around the stationary input sun gear (668) driving the reaction carrier assembly (675) faster than the input carrier assembly (672). The transaxle is now capable of operating in overdrive.
REVERSE:

Direct drive is obtained when any two members of the planetary gear set rotate in the same direction at the same speed forcing the third member to also rotate at the same speed. In this mode of operation the planetary pinion gears do not rotate on their pins, but act as wedges to drive the entire gear set as one rotating part. Thus, the output speed of the transaxle is the same as the input speed from the torque converter turbine. Output speed will equal engine speed when the torque converter clutch is applied (see torque converter, page 12).

A planetary gear set reverses its direction of rotation when the input carrier is held stationary and power is applied to a sun gear. This causes the planet pinions to act as idler gears thus driving the output member in the opposite direction. Reverse direction of rotation occurs in Reverse Gear Range when the input carrier assembly (672) is held stationary through the reverse band assembly (615) and reverse reaction drum (669). The input sun gear (668) provides the power to the input carrier pinion gears thus driving the reaction carrier assembly (675) in the opposite direction. The transaxle is now operating in reverse.
(668) DRIVING

REDUCTION FIRST GEAR

(672) DRIVEN

(675) DRIVING DRIVING REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

(675) DRIVEN DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

DRIVEN INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

(672) DRIVING

(678) HELD

INTERNAL GEARS

HELD REACTION SUN GEAR (678)

28

Figure 28

PLANETARY GEAR SETS
REDUCTION SECOND GEAR (675) DRIVEN DRIVING INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVEN REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

(672) DRIVING

(678) HELD

INTERNAL GEARS DRIVEN REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

HELD REACTION SUN GEAR (678)

DIRECT DRIVE THIRD GEAR

(672) DRIVING

(668) DRIVING DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

DRIVING INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

(675) DRIVEN

INTERNAL GEARS DRIVEN REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

OVERDRIVE FOURTH GEAR (672) DRIVING

(668) HELD HELD INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

DRIVING INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

(675) DRIVEN

INTERNAL GEARS DRIVEN REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

REVERSE

(672) HELD

(668) DRIVING DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

HELD INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

(675) DRIVEN

INTERNAL GEARS

Figure 29

29

FINAL DRIVE COMPONENTS
510

689

693

694

696

697

700

713

FINAL DRIVE AND DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLIES:

All Hydra-matic transaxles (transversely mounted to the body) are required to transfer the power from the final drive sun gear shaft (689) to the drive axles of the vehicle. This is accomplished by the final drive and differential components located at the output end of the gear train. These components perform the same function as the rear axle assembly found in all rear wheel drive vehicles.
FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

PARKING GEAR (696)

DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER (700)

SPEED SENSOR ROTOR (713)

OUTPUT SHAFT (510)

LUBE PASSAGES

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689)

REAR LUBE PASSAGE

FINAL DRIVE PLANETARY PINION (711)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

FINAL DRIVE ASSEMBLY:

The final drive assembly is a planetary gear set consisting of: a final drive internal gear (693) splined to the case (3); a final drive sun gear (697) splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689); and, the final drive planetary pinions located in the differential and final drive carrier assembly (700). The final drive planetary gear set operates in reduction at all times. Power through the final drive sun gear shaft (689) drives the final drive sun gear (697) in the same direction as engine rotation, but forces the final drive planetary pinion gears (711)

to rotate in the opposite direction inside the final drive internal gear (693). Since the final drive internal gear (693) is held stationary by the case (3), the differential and final drive carrier assembly (700) rotates in the same direction as engine rotation. The gear ratio of the final drive and differential assemblies performs the same functions as the ring and pinion gears in a conventional rear axle unit. It is a fixed final drive axle ratio that is required to match the engine power and drive train to the vehicle requirements for all normal operating conditions.

30

Figure 30

DIFFERENTIAL COMPONENTS
DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER ASSEMBLY:

The (final drive) differential carrier assembly (700) provides the means for allowing one driving wheel to travel faster than the other when the vehicle is going around corners or curves. (The wheel on the outside of the curve has to turn faster.) The differential carrier assembly (700) consists of: a differential and final drive carrier assembly; four bevelled gears; and, a differential pinion shaft (701). Two bevelled gears, the differential side gears (705), are splined to the axle shafts (the left hand axle shaft is splined to the output shaft (510) which connects with the side gear). The other two bevelled gears, the differential pinion gears (704), act as idlers to transfer the power from the differential carrier (700) to the differential side gears (705). The differential pinion gears (704) also balance the power load between the differential side gears (705) while allowing unequal axle rotation speeds when the vehicle is in a curve. A noise condition, usually a hum (under light throttle or turns), will be associated with a final drive/differential condition.

700

701

704

705 705 704

Final drive/differential failure can cause loss of drive.

TURNING

DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER (700)

OUTER WHEEL 110% DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SPEED

IN

HEEL TURNS FA RW ST TE ER OU URNS EEL T SL WH OW ER E N
R

OUTPUT SHAFT (510) RIGHT AXLE SHAFT

DIFFERENCE OF WHEEL TRAVEL AS A VEHICLE MAKES A 180 DEGREE TURN.

INNER WHEEL 90% DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SPEED

100% DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SPEED

When the vehicle is driven in a straight line, the differential pinion gears (704), differential side gears (705) and differential carrier (700) rotate as a fixed unit. The end result is both axle shafts rotate in the same direction as engine rotation for all forward gear ranges.

STRAIGHT AHEAD

DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER (700)

OUTPUT SHAFT (510) RIGHT AXLE SHAFT

BOTH WHEELS TURNING AT SAME SPEED

ALL PARTS ROTATING AT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SPEED

Figure 31

31

NOTES

32

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
The previous sections of this book were used to describe some of the mechanical component operation of the Hydra-matic 4T65-E. In the Hydraulic Control Components section a detailed description of individual components used in the hydraulic system will be presented. These hydraulic control components apply and release the clutch packs and bands to provide automatic shifting of the transaxle.

BALL CHECK VALVES (372-373)

CASE COVER ASSEMBLY (400)

OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY (200)

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY (300)

1-2 & 2-3 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (124-140)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

Figure 32

33

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY
OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT (227) TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

Pump Related Diagnostic Tips
• Loss of drive • High or low line pressure • High pitched whine - RPM sensitive
202 222 223 214 215 219 212

OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY (200)

209 210

221 208 201 209 211 213 220

The oil pump assembly (200) contains a variable displacement vane type pump located in the oil pump body (202). When the engine is cranking, the oil pump drive shaft assembly (227), which is splined to the converter cover, turns the oil pump rotor (210) at cranking speed. As the oil pump rotor (210) and pump vanes (211) begin to rotate, the volume of fluid between the vanes is at its maximum, creating a vacuum at the pump intake port. This vacuum allows atmospheric pressure (acting on the fluid in the sump) to prime the pump quickly and pressurize the hydraulic system when the engine is running. Fluid from the transaxle oil pan (24) is drawn through the filter assembly (100) and into the pump intake circuit. Fluid is then forced to rotate around the oil pump slide (214) to the pump outlet where the clearance between the oil pump slide and oil pump rotor decreases. Transaxle fluid is then forced out of the

pump into the line fluid passage and called line pressure thereby providing the main supply of fluid to the various components and hydraulic curcuits in the transaxle. Since the pump assembly is bolted to the control valve assembly (300), it also functions as a device that transfers fluids to other components within the transaxle. The events described above occur when the pump is operating with maximum output. Since most normal driving conditions do not require maximum output, a calibrated decrease pressure from the pressure regulator valve (313) is applied to the backside of the oil pump slide. Decrease pressure moves the slide against pump priming spring pressure to lower the output of the pump. When the pump priming springs (222-223) are compressed and the oil pump slide contacts the oil pump body, minimum pump output occurs.

202 215

16

202
CONV FD LINE
➤ ➤

16

PRESS REG VALVE

CONV FD

LINE

EX

➤ LINE

210

DECREASE

210

DECREASE

LINE REV BST

PRN LO-1ST

PRN LO-1ST

17

17

LINE

EX

EX

LINE

TORQ SIG

8b

TORQ SIG

8b

EX

324
SUCTION

EX

324

323 207
FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

323 207
FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

SUCTION

223 222

208

BOTTOM PAN (24)

223 222

208

BOTTOM PAN (24)

MAXIMUM PUMP OUTPUT

MINIMUM PUMP OUTPUT

34

Figure 33

LINE REV BST

211

211

LINE

LINE

PRESS REG VALVE

215

➤ LINE

DECREASE
EX

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
PRESSURE REGULATION
The main component that is used to control line pressure is the pressure regulator valve (313), located in the valve body (300). When the pump is operating at maximum output, line pressure from the pump moves the pressure regulator valve against spring force. This allows line pressure to quickly fill the converter feed passage and also enter the decrease passage. Decrease fluid pressure acts on the pump slide to overcome the spring force of the pump priming springs (222, 223) and moves the slide. As the slide moves towards the center of the pump body (202), clearance on the intake side of the oil pump slide (214) and oil pump rotor (210) decreases. This movement of the oil pump slide lowers the pump output capacity to maintain proper line pressures. The position of the oil pump slide and pressure regulator valve constantly change depending on vehicle operation and the amount of fluid pressure and volume needed to operate the transaxle. The fluid pressure required to apply clutches and bands also varies in relation to throttle opening and engine torque. The pressure control solenoid (322) and the torque signal regulator valve provide the means to regulate line pressure in response to PCM command.

Pressure Regulator Related Diagnostic Tips
A stuck or damaged pressure regulator valve could cause:
• High or low line pressure • Slipping clutches or bands or harsh apply • Low or no cooler/lube flow

LO

1 2 D D NR
EX

P

LO

1 2 D D NR
EX

P

EX

PRN REVERSE

LINE

LINE

D2 D3

PRN

D2 D3

➤ PRN REVERSE➤

PRN

D4

D4

LINE

CONV FD

LO-1ST
LINE REV BST

16

16

PRESS REG VALVE

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

EX

EX

17


17

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

TORQUE SIG

VBS

VBS

ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid
EX

ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid
EX

LINE
TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX ➤

LINE
TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX ➤

7

7

NORMAL PRESSURE

TORQUE SIGNAL

BOOSTED PRESSURE

Figure 34

TORQUE SIGNAL

31

LINE

➤ LINE

31

LINE

LINE

CONV FD

LO-1ST

14

LINE

14

➤ ➤ ➤

EX

MANUAL VALVE

MANUAL VALVE

➤ ➤

DECREASE

DECREASE

35

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
VALVES LOCATED IN CASE COVER
3RD CLUTCH FWD SERVO 4TH CL

MANUAL VALVE (404):

The manual valve is fed by line pressure from the pressure regulator valve and is mechanically linked to the gear selector lever. When a gear range is selected, the manual valve directs line pressure into the various circuits by opening and closing feed passages. The circuits that are fed by the manual valve are: Reverse, PRN, D4, D3, D2 and Lo.

2ND CLUTCH

EX
LO LINE D-4

PRN

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

1 2 D D NR

P

PRN

3RD CL

Manual Valve Related Diagnostic Tips
Stuck, misaligned or damaged valve and linkage could cause:
• • • • • No reverse or slips in reverse No first gear or slips in first gear No fourth gear or slips in fourth gear No Park No engine compression braking in all manual ranges • Drives in neutral • No gear selections • Shift indicator indicates wrong gear selection

D2 D3 3RD CL D3 4TH CL 4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL PRN REVERSE

EX

ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

ACTUATOR FD

FWD SERVO

3RD CLUTCH

3-4 ACCUM

ACTUATOR FD LINE

401 404

2ND CLUTCH

402 403

36

Figure 35

PRN

D-2 D-3

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE
EX

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
VALVES LOCATED IN CASE COVER
3RD CLUTCH FWD SERVO 4TH CL

LO BLOW OFF VALVE LINEUP (405, 406 & 420A):

REVERSE

2ND CLUTCH

Damaged/missing valve, spring or spring retainer can cause incorrect line pressure.
TCC BLOW OFF BALL CHECK VALVE LINEUP (417, 418 & 420B):

LO

LINE

D-4

The lo blow off valve (420A) is a pressure relief valve that exhausts excess lo-1st fluid pressures above 448 kPa (65 psi) in the 3rd clutch apply circuit.
LO-1ST 3RD CL 3RD CL D2 D3 3RD CL D3 4TH CL

(420A)
EX

PRN

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

1 2 D D NR

P

EX
D-2 D-3

MANUAL VALVE
PRN PRN
EX

The TCC blow off ball check valve (420B) is held closed by spring force from the TCC blow off spring (418). If converter clutch release or apply fluid pressure exceeds 690 kPa (100 psi), the ball check valve moves against spring force to exhaust the excess pressure.
Damaged/not seating valve or spring can cause converter clutch slips, shudders, rough TCC apply or no TCC apply. Also could cause delayed Park to Reverse/Drive engagement.

PRN REVERSE

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM 4TH CL

EX

ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

ACTUATOR FD

The cooler blow off ball check valve (420C) is held closed by spring force from the cooler blow off spring (407). If cooler fluid pressure exceeds 690 kPa (100 psi), the ball check valve moves against spring force to exhaust the excess pressure.
ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT VALVE TRAIN (414-416):

FWD SERVO

3RD CLUTCH

3-4 ACCUM

ACTUATOR FD LINE

COOLER BLOW OFF BALL CHECK VALVE LINEUP (407, 417 & 420C):

RELEASE #1 APPLY RELEASE COOLER
EX

2ND CLUTCH

The actuator feed limit valve is a spool type regulating valve that regulates line fluid pressure into actuator feed fluid pressure. Actuator feed fluid then feeds the pressure control solenoid and the shift solenoids after passing through a filter (screen assembly 382).

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW OFF (420B)

COOLER
COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

(420C)

401 405 406 420A

414 415

416

420B

418

420C 407 417

417

Figure 36

37

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
ACCUMULATORS
In the Hydra-matic 4T65-E, accumulators are used in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th clutch apply circuits to control shift feel. An accumulator is a spring-loaded device that absorbs a certain amount of fluid pressure in a circuit to cushion clutch engagement according to engine torque. The clutch apply fluid pressure acts against spring force and torque signal fluid biased accumulator pressure to act like a shock absorber. During the apply of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th clutch packs apply fluid overcomes the clutch piston return springs and begins to compress the clutch plates. When the clearance between the clutch plates is taken up by piston travel and the clutch begins to apply, pressure in the circuit builds up rapidly. Without an accumulator in the circuit, this rapid buildup of fluid pressure would cause the clutch to grab very quickly and create a harsh
3-4 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (421-428):

shift. However, accumulator spring force and accumulator fluid pressure is designed to absorb some of the clutch apply fluid pressure allowing for a more gradual apply of the clutch. The force of the accumulator spring and accumulator fluid pressure together control the rate at which a clutch applies. In the Hydra-matic 4T65-E, accumulator pressure varies in proportion to the torque signal pressure acting on the accumulator valves. Therefore, when torque signal pressure is high, accumulator pressure will be high. Likewise, when torque signal pressure is low, accumulator pressure will be low. Since torque signal pressure is regulated by the pressure control solenoid, (which is controlled by throttle position through the PCM), the accumulator valves regulate accumulator fluid pressure in proportion to throttle position to control shift feel. circuit, through the hollow 3-4 accumulator pin (426) to the spring side of the 3-4 accumulator piston (428). When the 4th clutch applies during a 3-4 shift, 4th clutch pressure is fed to the 3-4 accumulator piston (428) and compresses the 3-4 accumulator springs (423-424). When this occurs, 3-4 accumulator fluid is forced out of the 3-4 accumulator cannister (421) back to the 3-4 accumulator valve (341) where it exhausts. Again, torque signal fluid pressure and spring force at the 3-4 accumulator valve (341) regulates exhausting 3-4 accumulator fluid to control the 4th clutch apply.

Shift feel for a 3-4 shift and durability of the 4th clutch is largely dependent upon 4th clutch fluid pressure used to apply the clutch. To control 4th clutch apply pressure and shift feel, a 3-4 accumulator assembly (421-428) and 3-4 accumulator pressure is used. Fluid pressure in the 3-4 accumulator passage occurs when Line fluid pressure is regulated at the 3-4 accumulator valve (350) by torque signal fluid pressure and spring force. Regulated Line fluid pressure is then directed into the 3-4 accumulator

Accumulator Related Diagnostic Tips
• A leak at the accumulator piston seal or porosity in the case, case cover or accumulator housing could cause no fourth gear/slips in fourth gear • A stuck accumulator piston would cause harsh shifts

401

424 423 422 421 428 427 426

LINE

LINE
9


9

EX

TORQUE SIG

4TH CLUTCH RELEASED

4TH CLUTCH APPLIED
Figure 37

38

4TH CLUTCH

3-4 ACCUM

3-4 ACCUM ➤ 4TH CLUTCH

8

4TH CLUTCH

TORQUE SIG

➤ EX ➤

10

3-4 ACCUM
EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

EX

10

3-4 ACCUM
8

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
4TH CLUTCH

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
ACCUMULATORS
1-2 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (135A-137A, 139 & 142):

Shift feel for a 1-2 shift and durability of the 2nd clutch is largely dependent upon 2nd clutch fluid pressure used to apply the clutch. To control 2nd clutch apply pressure and shift feel, a 1-2 accumulator assembly and 1-2 accumulator fluid pressure is used in addition to the 2nd clutch wave plate (623). Fluid pressure in the 1-2 accumulator passage occurs when Line fluid pressure is regulated at the (primary) 1-2 accumulator valve (350) by torque signal fluid pressure and spring force. Regulated Line fluid pressure is then directed into the 1-2 accumulator fluid passage where it is routed through orifice #2 to the other end of the accumulator valve where it will oppose

torque signal fluid pressure and spring force to regulate 1-2 accumulator fluid pressure. 1-2 accumulator pressure is also routed to the spring side of the 1-2 accumulator piston (136). When the 2nd clutch applies during a 1-2 shift, 2nd clutch pressure is fed to the 1-2 accumulator piston (136A) and compresses the 1-2 accumulator spring (139). When this occurs, 1-2 accumulator fluid is forced out of the accumulator housing (140) back to the 1-2 accumulator valve (350) where it exhausts. Torque signal fluid pressure and spring force at the 1-2 accumulator valve regulate exhausting 1-2 accumulator fluid to control 2nd clutch apply.

3

EX

EX

139

2 EX • A leak at the accumulator 1-2 ACCUMULATOR piston seal or porosity in the case, case cover or ac1-2 136A ACCUMULATOR cumulator housing could 2ND CLUTCH RELEASED 137A (136) cause no 2nd gear/slips in 2nd gear

EX

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
➤ EX EX

134

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

132 131

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

2-3 ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY (135B-138 & 143):

The 2-3 accumulator assembly functions basically the same as the 1-2 accumulator assembly. To control 3rd clutch apply pressure and shift feel, a 2-3 accumulator assembly and 2-3 accumulator pressure is used in addition to the 3rd clutch waved plate (645). Fluid pressure in the 2-3 accumulator passage occurs when Line fluid pressure is regulated at the 2-3 accumulator valve (344) by torque signal fluid pressure. Regulated Line fluid pressure is

then directed into the 2-3 accumulator fluid passage to the spring side of the 2-3 accumulator piston (136B). When the 3rd clutch applies during a 2-3 shift, 3rd clutch pressure is fed to the 2-3 accumulator piston (136B) and compresses the 2-3 accumulator spring (143). When this occurs, 2-3 accumulator fluid is forced out of the accumulator housing (140) back to the 2-3 accumulator valve (344) where it exhausts. Torque signal fluid pressure and spring force at the 2-3 accumulator valve (344) regulate exhausting 2-3 accumulator fluid to control 3rd clutch apply.
LINE

EX
6

EX

140
11

2-3 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

143 136B 137B 138 135B

• A leak at the accumulator piston seal or porosity in the case, case cover or accumulator housing could cause no 3rd gear/ slips in 3rd gear • A stuck accumulator piston would cause harsh shifts

5

TORQUE SIGNAL

3RD CLUTCH RELEASED
LINE

EX ➤
6

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

2-3 ACCUM
EX

11

5

131

3RD CLUTCH APPLIED
Figure 38

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

132

TORQUE SIGNAL

3RD CLU

134
➤ ➤

2-3 ACCUM

3RD CLU

2ND CL

➤ EX

TORQUE SIG

2

135A

• A stuck accumulator piston would cause harsh shifts

➤EX

142

3

LINE

2ND CL

140

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE

TORQUE SIG

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤
➤ ➤ ➤

LINE

39

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
VALVES LOCATED IN THE VALVE BODY
PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE TRAIN (302-313) Pressure Regulator Valve (313): TORQUE SIGNAL REGULATOR VALVE TRAIN (320-322) Pressure Control Solenoid Valve Assembly (322):

spring (326). In this manner, line pressure is regulated before it is routed to the converter TCC valve (335).
If stuck, missing or binding the TCC regulator apply valve or spring could cause: TCC stuck on in all gears TCC stuck on in 2nd, 3rd and 4th gears harsh TCC apply or release slip, shudder, rough apply or no apply

The pressure regulator valve (313) directs line pressure to: the manual valve; the converter feed circuit to control hydraulic apply and release of the converter clutch; the decrease passage to regulate pump output.
• If stuck, missing or binding pressure regulator valve or spring could cause incorrect line pressure
Reverse Boost Valve (310):

An electronically controlled pressure regulator that regulates the torque signal regulator valve against torque signal fluid and spring force.
• A leaking/damaged o-ring or bad electrical connection can cause high or low line pressure.
Torque Signal Regulator Valve (321):

• • • •

Acted on by PRN fluid from the manual valve (404) and lo-1st fluid, it moves against pressure regulator valve spring (311 & 312) pressure. This increases line pressure in Park, Reverse and Neutral in response to a high percentage of throttle travel. In Manual First gear range, lo-1st fluid moves the valve to boost line pressures.
Line Boost Valve (304):

Regulates torque signal fluid, fed by line fluid pressure. The pressure control solenoid, a variable bleed solenoid, acts on one end of the valve (relative to throttle position) against torque signal fluid and spring pressure on the other end.
• A stuck torque signal regulator valve can cause high or low line pressure.
TCC CONTROL (PWM) SOLENOID VALVE (334):

FORWARD SERVO BOOST VALVE (367B):

Held by spring force, it opens during hard acceleration to allow D-4 fluid to enter the drive servo apply passage, by-passing the feed orifice. This provides for a quick fill of the forward servo apply passage and quick apply of the forward band assembly to prevent slippage during abusive shifts from Park or Neutral to Drive.
REVERSE SERVO BOOST VALVE (367A):

Acted on by torque siganl fluid pressure, it moves against the reverse boost valve (310) and pressure regulator spring force (311, 312) to increase line pressure. Its function is in response to changes in throttle position (through pressure control solenoid valve response to PCM signals).
1-2 SHIFT VALVE TRAIN (314-318) 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve Assembly (315A):

The 1-2 Shift Solenoid Valve assembly (315) is an ON/OFF type solenoid that receives its voltage supply through the ignition switch. The PCM controls the solenoid by providing a ground to energize it in: Park, Reverse, Neutral, Overdrive Range First and Fourth Gear, and also Manual First Gear. When energized (ON), its exhaust port closes, moves the 1-2 shift valve and allows filtered line pressure to enter the 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid passage. When the PCM removes the ground, the solenoid is OFF allowing line pressure to exhaust through the solenoid.
• A faulty (stuck on) 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve assembly can cause 1st and 4th gear only. • A faulty (stuck off) 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve assembly can cause 2nd and 3rd gear only.
1-2 Shift Valve (318):

An electronically controlled pressure regulator that regulates 2nd clutch fluid pressure into the TCC signal fluid circuit to shuttle the TCC control valve to the apply position. Regulated TCC signal fluid pressure also shuttles the TCC regulator apply valve to allow line pressure into the TCC regulated apply circuit for a controlled apply and release of the torque converter clutch.
• Stuck on, exhaust plugged, would cause no TCC release. • Stuck off, leaking o-ring, no voltage, would cause no TCC/slip or soft apply.
TCC Control Valve (335):

Held by spring force, it opens during hard acceleration to allow reverse fluid to enter the reverse servo passage, by-passing the feed orifice. This provides for a quick fill of the reverse servo passage and quick apply of the reverse band to prevent band slippage during abusive shifts from Park or Neutral to Reverse.
2-3 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE (315B):

When the TCC PWM solenoid is OFF, the TCC control valve (335) is held in the released position by the TCC spring (336). In this position, converter feed pressure enters the torque converter clutch release circuit and apply fluid flows around the valve into the cooler circuit. When the TCC PWM solenoid (334) is ON, TCC signal fluid moves the valve against spring force. When shifted, it directs regulated line fluid (TCC regulated apply) into the apply passage; converter feed fluid into the cooler passage, and, allows converter release fluid to exhaust.
If stuck, missing or binding the TCC regulator apply valve or spring could cause: TCC stuck on in all gears TCC stuck on in 2nd, 3rd and 4th gears harsh TCC apply or release no TCC apply

The 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve is an ON/ OFF type solenoid that receives its voltage supply through the ignition switch. The PCM controls the solenoid by providing a ground to energize it in: Park, Reverse. Neutral, Overdrive Range First and Second Gear; and also Manual Second and Manual First Gear Ranges. When energized (ON), its exhaust port closes, allowing filtered line pressure into the 2-3 signal fluid passage. When the PCM removes the ground, the solenoid is OFF allowing line pressure to exhaust through the solenoid.
• A faulty (stuck on) 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve assembly can cause 1st and 2nd gear only. • A faulty (stuck off) 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve assembly can cause 3rd and 4th gear only.
3-4 / 4-3 SHIFT VALVE TRAIN (359-362) 3-4 Shift Valve (362):

The 1-2 shift valve responds to 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure, force from the 1-2 shift valve spring (317) and 2-3 off signal fluid pressure. Depending on the position of the valve, it will route D-4 fluid into the 2nd fluid passage or lo fluid into the lo1st fluid passage.
• A stuck or binding 1-2 shift valve can cause 1st or 2nd gear only, or slipping/ no 1st or 2nd gear.
LINE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (324):

• • • •

TCC REGULATOR APPLY VALVE TRAIN (326-328):

The 3-4 shift valve is controlled by 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure on one end of the valve and the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) at the other. When downshifted, input clutch feed pressure can apply or release the input clutch depending on the gear range. When upshifted by 2-3 signal fluid pressure, 3rd fluid is allowed to enter the 4th clutch circuit to apply the 4th clutch.
• A stuck or binding 34 Shift Valve can cause slipping or no 4th gear.
4-3 Manual Downshift Valve (360):

Prevents line pressure from exceeding 1,690-2,480 kPa (245-360 psi). Excess line pressure unseats the ball check valve allowing it to exhaust.

The TCC regulator apply valve (327) is biased by TCC signal and TCC regulated apply fluid pressures in order to regulate line pressure passing through the valve. TCC regulated apply fluid pressure acting on the end of the valve combines with the spring force from the TCC regulator apply valve

The 4-3 manual downshift valve is controlled by 2-3 signal fluid pressure acting on one side of the valve and spring force from the 4-3 manual downshift valve spring

40

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
VALVES LOCATED IN THE VALVE BODY
(361) on the other side. When the 2-3 solenoid is ON, 2-3 signal fluid pressure moves the valve against spring force to hold the 3-4 shift valve (362) in the downshift position.
2-3 / 3-2 SHIFT VALVE TRAIN (353-357) 3-2 Manual Downshift Valve (356):

shift valve (357) directs: line pressure into the input clutch feed passage, D4 pressure into the auxiliary unput clutch feed passage, D3 into the input clutch feed passage, D2 into the into the manual 2-1 servo passage, and 3rd fluid to exhaust at the valve.
• A stuck or binding 2-3 Shift Valve can cause slipping or no 3rd gear.
1-2 ACCUMULATOR VALVE TRAIN (350-351) 1-2 Accumulator Valve (350):

3-4 ACCUMULATOR AND 2-3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE TRAIN (340-346) 3-4 Accumulator Valve (341):

The 3-2 manual downshift valve is controlled by 2-3 signal fluid pressures and spring force from the 3-2 downshift valve spring (355). When the 2-3 solenoid is ON, 2-3 signal fluid pressure moves the valve against the 2-3 shift valve (357) to prevent a 2-3 upshift.
2-3 Shift Valve (357):

The 3-4 accumulator valve is biased by torque signal fluid pressure and spring force from the 3-4 accumulator spring (351)on one end of the valve and 3-4 accumulator fluid on the other end. It regulates the amount of line pressure passing through the valve and entering the 3-4 accumulator circuit.
2-3 Accumulator Valve (344):

The 2-3 shift valve (357) is controlled by line pressure acting on one end of the valve and the 3-2 downshift valve (356) at the other end. Depending on the position of the manual valve, 1-2, 3-4 solenoid (315A) and the 2-3 solenoid (315B) state (ON or OFF), the 2-3

The 1-2 accumulator valve is biased by torque signal fluid pressure and spring force acting on one end of the valve and 1-2 accumulator accumulator fluid pressure at the other end. It regulates the amount of line fluid passing through the valve and entering the 1-2 accumulator circuit.

The 2-3 accumulator valve regulates 2-3 accumulator pressure in proportion to torque signal fluid pressure and spring force from the 2-3 accumulator spring (346). It regulates the amount of line pressure entering into the 2-3 accumulator circuit.

CONVERTER FEED

CONVERTER FEED

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE

TORQUE SIG

LO-1ST PRN

REV SERVO REVERSE
EX

LINE

EX

D SRV AP

D-4

INPUT CL

LINE

LINE

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE
FWD BST

2-3 SIG 2-3 SIG
2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

REVERSE LINE 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL DECREASE LO LO-1ST
1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.

REVERSE LO D-4
LINE 3RD

REV BST

EX

AUX INPUT CL FD D3 2-3 SIGNAL D2
3-4 SHIFT VALVE 4-3 MDS

1-2 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

VBS

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid N.O.

4TH CLU 2-3 OFF SIG D2 LINE
TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

4TH CLU D2 AUX INPUT CLU FD

3RD
LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS
EX

TORQUE SIG CONVERTER FEED 3RD
TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD LOW/1ST GEAR

3RD D3 LINE
EX

CONVERTER FEED D2 LINE
EX EX

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO D4 D3 LINE ORIFICED EXH

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

2ND TCC APPLY
TCC Control EX (PWM) Solenoid N.O.

2-3 OFF SIG

TCC CONTROL VALVE

EX

TCC REL D4

TCC REL

EX

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM LINE D4 LINE
2-3 ACCUM

3-4 ACCUM

D4
TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD LINE INPUT CL FD TORQUE SIG D3 EX TORQUE SIG 3RD

2-3 ACC
LINE 3-4 ACCUM TORQUE SIG 3-4 ACCUM 2-3 ACC LINE EX

TCC SIG COOLER

TCC REG APPLY

TCC REG APPLY TCC REG APP EX LOW/1ST GEAR LOW/1ST GEAR LINE

TCC SIG (PWM)

LINE

EX

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

Figure 39

41

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
BALL CHECK VALVES LOCATION AND FUNCTION
#1 CONVERTER CLUTCH RELEASE/APPLY: #7 LO / LO-1ST:

Located in the case cover (400), it directs either release or apply fluid pressures to the TCC blow off ball check valve in the case cover.

Located in the valve body (300), it blocks the lo-1st passage when Drive Range Manual First gear is selected and sends lo fluid pressure to the 1-2 shift valve where it passes through the valve and is forced through orifice 27 into the lo-1st fluid circuit .

#2 2ND CLUTCH:

Located in the case cover (400), it directs 2nd (apply) fluid through orifice 25 on the spacer plate into the 2nd clutch passage. When the 2nd clutch releases, it seats in the case cover (400) forcing 2nd clutch fluid through orifice 26 and into the 2nd fluid passage.

#8 D2 / MANUAL 2-1 SERVO FEED:

Located in the valve body (300), it is fed by D-2 fluid from the manual valve and seated against orificed manual 2-1 servo feed fluid at the spacer plate. D-2 fluid is then directed to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it enters the 2-1 manual servo feed passage and is forced through orifice 13. When the 2-1 manual band servo releases the ball check valve unseats and fluid exhausts without going through orifice 13.

#3 INPUT CLUTCH / PRN:

Located in the case cover (400), it blocks the PRN passage to direct input clutch fluid to the input clutch during the appropriate gear range. In Park, Reverse or Neutral gear ranges, PRN fluid unseats the ball check valve and also feeds the input clutch.

#9 3RD / 3RD CLUTCH:

#4 3RD CLUTCH / LO-1ST:

Located in the case cover (400), during Overdrive Range Third Gear, it seats against the lo-1st passage allowing 3rd clutch fluid into the 3rd clutch/lo-1st passage to apply the 3rd clutch. During a 3-2 shift, it allows 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid to exhaust into the 3rd clutch fluid passage. In Drive Range - Manual First, it seats against 3rd clutch fluid allowing lo-1st fluid to enter the 3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid passage to apply the 3rd clutch.

Located in the valve body, it forces 3rd fluid through feed orifice 24 into the 3rd clutch passage during apply of the 3rd clutch. When the 3rd clutch releases, 3rd clutch fluid seats the ball check valve against the 3rd passage, forcing fluid through orifice 28 and into the 3rd fluid passage to the 2-3 shift valve (357) where it exhausts.

#10 LINE / 4TH CLUTCH:

Located in the valve body, it is seated against the lo/1st gear passage during all forward ranges except first and directs line fluid through orifice 33. In drive range first gear or manual first lo/1st gear fluid pressure unseats the ball check valve and bypasses orifice 33 to send fluid to the input clutch apply passage.

#5 REVERSE / REVERSE SERVO FEED:

Located in the valve body (300), it blocks the reverse servo feed passage forcing reverse fluid through an orifice before entering the reverse servo feed passage. When the manual valve is moved out of Reverse gear range, the ball check valve unseats allowing reverse servo fluid to exhaust through the reverse fluid passage.

Ball Check Valves Related Diagnostic Tips

Understanding the design principle of each ball check valve will help in the diagnosis of hydraulic related problems. For example:
• a harsh shift complaint could be a stuck or missing ball check valve • no reverse or slips in reverse could be the #1 ball check valve stuck or missing. • no engine compression braking in manual first could also be a missing or stuck #1 ball check valve.

#6 D-4 / SERVO APPLY:

Located in the valve body (300), it blocks the forward servo apply passage and forces D-4 fluid pressure to the forward servo feed orifice on the spacer plate (370). When the manual valve is moved from Drive Range to Park or Neutral or Reverse, the ball check valve unseats to allow for a quick exhaust of the servo apply fluid and release of the forward band assembly.

42

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
14a
➤ ➤

TCC APPLY

BALL CHECK VALVES LOCATION AND FUNCTION
#3

#1
13c

TCC RELEASE

#4

2ND

27a

25b

25c

25

26

25e

25d

27c

#2

27b

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

EX

25f

2ND CL

#1

INPUT CL

PRN

7a

INPUT CL

48a

40a

#5

#9
20

40c

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)
LO

40b

REV SERVO

30e

38b ➤

REV

46c

29d

39d

27

#9

38c

LO-1ST

29a

LO

3RD

20a 19e ➤

LO/1ST GEAR

19c

29

18k

19b

18g

#6

19d

18f

D SRV AP

13

LINE

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

37a ➤

LINE

D-4

➤ 38b

SERVO APPLY ➤ D-4

29d

#8

36c ➤

37b

33

20b

36b

D-2

#10

29b

#7

28

31a

31b
24

3RD CL
➤ ➤

48b

48c

Figure 40

3RD CL

31f 39f 39g

33a

LO-1ST


REVERSE
REV SERVO

2ND

#3
#7

#4

#2

CASE COVER (400)
#5 #6

3RD CL/LO-1ST LO-1ST

#8

#10

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

43

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS
THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT:

The thermostatic element (121) is located on the case and is designed to control the fluid level in the case side cover pan (53). This thermostatic element contains a temperature sensitive strip of metal that reacts to fluid temperature changes and open or close a fluid passage. At low temperatures, the thermostatic element exerts little pressure on the thermostatic element plate (122) allowing fluid to drain into the sump. As the temperature of the fluid increases, the thermostatic element begins to apply pressure to the thermostatic element plate, thereby trapping fluid in the case side cover pan. This level of transaxle fluid is required in order to maintain the operation of the hydraulic system in the transaxle. It should be noted that when checking the fluid level in a Hydramatic 4T65-E transaxle, it will be higher on the fluid level indicator when the transaxle is cold. Conversely, the fluid level will drop when checked at operating temperatures. This event is a result of the case thermostatic element functioning as explained.

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT PLATE (122)

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121) LOCATED ON CASE BOTTOM

A damaged or loose thermostatic element could cause fluid foaming or incorrect fluid level.

FLUID COLD

FLUID HOT

44

Figure 41

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
The Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle incorporates electronic controls that utilize a Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM gathers vehicle operating information from a variety of sensors and control components located throughout the powertrain (engine and transaxle). The PCM then processes this information for proper control of the following: • • • transaxle shift points - through the use of shift solenoids transaxle shift feel - by adjusting line pressure through the use of a pressure control solenoid Torque converter clutch (TCC) apply and release feel through the use of a TCC control solenoid OFF. While the transaxle is operating in the fail-safe mode example given, the following operating changes occur: • • • the pressure control solenoid is OFF, allowing line pressure to increase to its maximum pressure in order to prevent clutch or band slippage the TCC control solenoid is OFF, preventing TCC apply the shift solenoids are OFF, allowing the vehicle to be driven in third gear.

Electronic control of these transaxle operating characteristics provides for consistent and precise shift points based on the operating conditions of both the engine and transaxle.

FAIL-SAFE MODE “Fail-safe mode” is an operating condition where the transaxle will partially function if a portion of the electronic control system becomes disabled. For example, if the wiring harness becomes disconnected, the PCM commands the fail-safe mode causing some transaxle electrical components to “default” to

When both shift solenoids are OFF, the transaxle will operate in third gear regardless of the forward gear selected (i.e. Overdrive, 3, 2, or 1). However, the transaxle will operate in Reverse, if selected, as well as Park and Neutral. (The failsafe mode described above is only one of the operating modes associated with this transaxle. Refer to the appropriate Service Repair Manual when diagnosing these conditions.) NOTE: This section of the book contains “general” information about electrical components that provide input information to the PCM. Since this “input” information may vary from carline to carline, it is important that the appropriate General Motors Service Manual is used during repair or diagnosis of this transaxle.
8 10 DLC PCM 9

2

B

7

6

11

12

D

A

4

1

C

5

3

INPUTS
INFORMATION SENSORS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. TFP VALVE POSITION SWITCH INPUT (SHAFT) SPEED SENSOR VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR ASSEMBLY (VSS) TRANMISSION FLUID TEMPERATURE (TFT) SENSOR TRANSAXLE RANGE SWITCH THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR (TPS) ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE SENSOR (ECT) ENGINE SPEED (IGNITION MODULE) TCC BRAKE SWITCH AIR CONDITIONING (A/C) SWITCH CRUISE CONTROL INFORMATION MANIFOLD ABSOLUTE PRESSURE SENSOR (MAP)

OUTPUTS
ELECTRONIC CONTROLLERS
POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (PCM) DIAGNOSTIC LINK CONNECTOR (DLC)

ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED TRANSAXLE COMPONENTS
A. PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE B. 1-2 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE C. 2-3 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE D. TCC CONTROL (PWM) SOLENOID VALVE

Figure 42

45

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
REVERSE LO

Automatic Transmission Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch (TFP Val. Position Sw.) (395)

D2

D4
E D C B

The TFP Val. Position Sw. is attached to the valve body and contains six fluid pressure switches. Three of the fluid pressure switches (D4, , LO, and REV) are normally open, while the other three (D3, D2 and TCC Release) are normally closed. These six switches are used to indicate the position of the manual valve. The PCM uses this information to control line pressure, TCC apply and release and shift solenoid operation. The RELEASE pressure switch is a normally closed pressure switch. This switch is used as a diagnostic tool to confirm that the TCC is actually OFF when it has been commanded OFF by the PCM. Each fluid pressure switch produces either an open or a ground to the PCM depending on the presence of fluid pressure at the switches. The sequence of open and closed switches produces a combination of voltage readings that are monitored by the PCM (see table and switch logic diagram). The PCM measures TFP Val. Position Sw. signal voltage from each pin to ground and compares the voltage to a TFP Val. Position Sw. combination table stored in the PCM memory. If the PCM does not recognize the switch sequence a diagnostic code will be set as a result. A diagnostic code may also be set if the TFP Val. Position Sw. switch sequence indicates a gear range selection that conflicts with other sensory inputs to the PCM.
Normally Open Pressure Switch Operation: (D4, LO, and REV)

D3

TCC

A Transaxle Fluid Pressure Switch Assembly malfunction will set a DTC P1810 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P1810 will be stored in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts. • Assume D4 shift pattern. • Maximum line pressure.
Body Contact Fluid Body Contact Fluid

O-Ring Diaphragm

O-Ring Diaphragm

+ –
Contact Element Contact Ground

+ – Contact Element Contact Ground

NORMALLY OPEN

NORMALLY CLOSED

SWITCH LOGIC ENGINE OFF
E LO REV D2 D D3 C D4 B TCC REL

When the engine is started and fluid is routed to a switch, fluid pressure moves a diaphragm and contact element until the contact touches both the positive (+) and ground ( ) contacts. The switch is now in a closed position and it allows current to flow from the positive contact through the switch to ground. The completed circuit changes the switch state thereby electronically signalling the PCM the position of the manual valve.
Normally Closed Pressure Switch Operation: (D3, D2 and TCC RELEASE)

(N.O.)

(N.O.)

(N.C.)

(N.C.)

(N.O.)

(N.C.)

The normally closed switch allows current to flow from the positive contact through the switch to ground when no fluid is present. Fluid pressure moves the diaphragm to disconnect the positive and ground contacts, opening the switch and stopping current flow.
Example: (Reverse Range)

RANGE INDICATOR Park/Neutral Reverse Overdrive Manual Third Manual Second Manual First

FLUID* REV 0 1 0 0 0 0 D4 0 0 1 1 1 1 D3 0 0 0 1 1 1 D2 0 0 0 0 1 1 LO 0 0 0 0 0 1

CIRCUIT+ E 0 1 0 0 0 1 D 1 1 1 0 0 0

C 0 0 1 1 0 0

The hydraulic and electrical schematics below illustrate the system operation when the manual valve is positioned in the Reverse position. As shown, the REV switch has fluid pressure holding it in the closed position allowing current to flow through Pin “E” (transaxle pass-thru connector pin) to ground. When the circuit is closed, the digital logic signal in the PCM is “1” indicating that the circuit is grounded. The normally closed RELEASE switch has fluid pressure holding it open, the digital logic signal in the PCM is “0”. Thus when Pins “B”, “C” and “D” are open and Pin “A” is grounded, the PCM interprets the manual valve position as being in Reverse and that the TCC is released.

REV ➤

E LO REV D2

D D3

C D4

B TCC REL

D3

(N.O.)

(N.O.)

(N.C.)

(N.C.)

(N.O.)

(N.C.)

46

Figure 43

;; ;;
E AS LE RE

TFP SWITCH

SWITCH LOGIC REVERSE (Engine Running)

➤ ➤

D2

D2 D3

LINE

PRN

PRN REV

D4

EX

+: 1 = Grounded (Resistance <50 ohms, 0 volts) 0 = Open (Resistance >50k ohms, 12 volts)

LO D4

MANUAL VALVE

EX

*: 1 = Pressurized 0 = Exhausted

LO

1 2 D D NR

P

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
SHIFT SOLENOID VALVES
Description:
CONNECTOR PLUNGER SPRING METERING O-RING BALL

GEAR RANGE Park/Reverse/Neutral First Second Third Fourth

1-2, 3-4 SS VALVE ON ON OFF OFF ON

2-3 SS VALVE ON ON ON OFF OFF
FRAME

COIL ASSEMBLY

EXHAUST

FILTER

SIGNAL FLUID

Shift Solenoids De-energized (OFF):

The shift solenoid valves are OFF when the PCM opens the path to ground for the solenoid’s electrical circuit. When OFF, the solenoid valve plunger is forced away from the metering ball by a spring. This action allows the 1-2, 3-4 or 2-3 signal fluid to push past the metering ball to exhaust from a port on the side of the solenoid.
Shift Solenoids Energized (ON):

against spring force in the downshifted position. At the same time, 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid is routed to the 3-4 shift valve (362) where it holds the valve against spring force in the upshifted position. During Fourth gear operation, 2-3 signal fluid pressure combines with spring force and holds the 1-2 shift valve in the upshifted position. When the 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid valve is de-energized during Second and Third gear operation, 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid exhausts through the solenoid. Spring force acting on the 1-2 shift valve keeps the valve in the upshifted position, and spring force at the 3-4 shift valve keeps the valve in the downshifted position.
2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve (315B):

To energize the shift solenoid valves, the PCM provides a path to ground and completes the solenoid’s electrical circuit. Electrical current passing through the coil assembly in the solenoid creates a magnetic field that magnetizes the solenoid core. The magnetized core repels the plunger which seats the metering ball against the fluid inlet port. Solenoid signal fluid is then blocked by the metering ball thereby creating a fluid pressure in the 1-2, 3-4 or 2-3 signal fluid circuits.
1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve (315A):

The 1-2, 3-4 shift solenoid valve is located at the end of the 1-2 shift valve (318) and controls the position of the 1-2 and 3-4 shift valves. 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid that is routed to the solenoid is created by filtered actuator feed as it passes through orifice #1. When energized, the solenoid blocks 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid from exhausting thereby creating pressure in the 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid circuit. 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure then holds the 1-2 shift valve

The 2-3 shift solenoid valve is located in a bore in the valve body and controls the position of the 2-3, 3-4 and 4-3 shift valves. 2-3 signal fluid that feeds to the solenoid is created by filtered line fluid as it passes through orifice #30. When energized in First and Second gear, the solenoid blocks 2-3 signal fluid from exhausting thereby creating pressure in the 2-3 signal fluid circuit. 2-3 signal fluid pressure then holds the 2-3 shift valve in the upshifted position against line fluid pressure. At the same time, 2-3 signal fluid is routed to the 4-3 manual downshift valve (360) holding the valve in the upshifted position. When the 2-3 shift solenoid is de-energized during Third and Fourth gear operation, 2-3 signal fluid exhausts through the solenoid. Spring force acting on the 2-3 shift valve keeps the valve in the downshifted position while the 3-4 shift valve position is dependent upon the 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid valve state.

ACTUATOR FD
➤ ➤ ➤


30

N.O.ON

N.O.OFF ➤ ➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

ACTUATOR FD


30

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

ACTUATOR FD

LO-1ST

LO-1ST

LO-1ST

ACT FEED

ACT FEED

EX

EX

EX

EX

EX

2ND LO/1ST GEAR 3RD D2 INPUT CL D3

2ND LO/1ST GEAR 3RD 2-3 SIGNAL D2
➤ ➤ ➤

EX

2ND LO/1ST GEAR
➤ 3RD

2-3 SIGNAL

ORIFICED EX

ORIFICED EX

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

ORIFICED EX

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

3-4 SHIFT VALVE
➤ EX

4-3 MDS

AUX INPUT CL FD ➤ 2-1 MAN SERV

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

AUX INPUT CL FD 2-1 MAN SERV

4TH CL ➤ IN CL FD

2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL

2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL

AUX INPUT CL FD 2-1 MAN SERV

21

21

21

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

3RD

D2

13

3RD

13

13

D2

D2

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS
EX ➤

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
➤ EX EX ➤

3-2 MAN DS
EX ➤

EX

EX

EX

D3

D3

D4

D4

PARK/REVERSE/NEUTRAL/FIRST GEAR

THIRD GEAR

Figure 44

LINE

LINE

FOURTH GEAR

LINE

LINE

LINE

2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS

D3

D4

LINE

2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL

3RD

2-3 SIGNAL

D3

D3

D2

INPUT CL

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.ON

3RD

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

2-3 OFF SIG

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.OFF

3RD

1

1

ACT FEED

LO D4

LO D4

EX

EX

1

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

2-3 OFF SIG

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.ON

3RD

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

EX

LINE

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL

➤ ➤

2-3 SIGNAL

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LINE

2-3 SIGNAL

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL

2-3 SIGNAL LINE

30

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

N.O.OFF

LO D4

2-3 OFF SIG

INPUT CL

The Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle uses two identical, normally open electronic exhaust valves (referred to as 1-2, 3-4 SS Valve and 2-3 SS Valve) for controlling upshifts and downshifts in all forward ranges. These shift solenoid valves work together in a combination of ON and OFF sequences to control fluid that is routed to the 1-2, 3-4 shift valve, 2-3 shift valve and 3-4 shift valve. The PCM monitors numerous inputs and determines the appropriate gear ratio for the vehicle by commanding the solenoids either ON or OFF. Fluid pressure is then routed to the shift valves (or exhausted through the solenoids) in order to change the position of a valve and hydraulically enable a gear change. The following table shows the solenoid state combination that is required to obtain each gear:


➤ ➤

47

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
SPEED SENSORS
Automatic Transmission Input (Shaft) Speed Sensor (440):
INPUT SPEED SENSOR RELUCTOR WHEEL ASSEMBLY (527) DRIVE SPROCKET (516)

INPUT SPEED SENSOR (440)

The Automatic Transmission Input (Shaft) Speed Sensor (A/T ISS) is a magnetic inductive pickup that relays information relative to transaxle input speed to the PCM. The PCM uses A/T ISS information in order to control line pressure, TCC apply and release, and transmission shift patterns. This information is also used to calculate the appropriate operating gear ratios and TCC slippage. The A/T ISS mounts on the case cover under the side cover and next to the drive sprocket. An air gap of 0.08 - 2.12 mm (0.032 0.834 inch) is maintained between the sensor and the teeth on the reluctor wheel assembly. The sensor consists of a permanent magnet surrounded by a coil of wire. As the reluctor wheel assembly is driven by the drive sprocket/turbine shaft, an AC signal is induced in the input speed sensor. Higher engine speeds induce a higher frequency and voltage measurement at the sensor.

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

MAGNETIC PICKUP

Input/Turbine Speed Sensor Circuit Range/Performance will set DTC P0716 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0716 stores in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts. Sensor resistance should measure between 893 - 1127 ohms at 20°C (68°F). Output voltage will vary with vehicle speed from a minimum of 0.5 Volts AC at 300 RPM, to 200 Volts at 6000 RPM. Input/Turbine Speed Sensor Circuit No Signal will set DTC P0717 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0717 will be stored in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts.

Vehicle Speed Sensor (10):

SPEED SENSOR (10)

The Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) is a magnetic inductive pickup that relays information relative to vehicle speed to the PCM. Vehicle speed information is used by the PCM to control shift pattern, line pressure, and TCC apply and release. The vehicle speed sensor mounts in the case at the speed sensor rotor which is pressed onto the differential. An air gap of 0.27 1.57 mm (0.011 - 0.062 inch) is maintained between the sensor and the teeth on the speed sensor rotor. The sensor consists of a permanent magnet surrounded by a coil of wire. As the differential rotates, an AC signal is induced in the vehicle speed sensor. Higher vehicle speeds induce a higher frequency and voltage measurement at the sensor.
Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Circuit Low Input will set DTC P0502 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0502 stores in PCM history. • Maximum line pressure. • Freeze shift adapts. • Calibrate VSS from ISS and commanded gear.

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR MAGNETIC PICKUP

ROTOR (713)

SPEED SENSOR ASSEMBLY (10)

Sensor resistance should measure between 981 - 1471 ohms at 20°C (68°F). Output voltage will vary with vehicle speed from a minimum of 0.5 Volts AC at 25 RPM, to 200 Volts at 1728 RPM.

48

Figure 45

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID TEMPERATURE SENSOR
PROBE BODY CONNECTOR

TEMPERATURE SENSOR:

The Automatic Transmission Fluid Temperature (TFT) sensor (391) is incorporated into the wiring harness and clips to the valve body spacer plate (370). This type sensor monitors transmission fluid temperatures in the side cover.
SENSOR FUNCTION AND TCC/VCC OPERATION:

SUMP TEMPERATURE SENSOR (391)

SUMP TEMPERATURE SENSOR RESISTANCE VS. TEMPERATURE
100707 52684 28677 16176 9423 5671 3515 2237 1459 973 667 467 332 241 177 132 99.90 76.80 59.80 47.20 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150

SENSOR RESISTANCE Ω

The TFT sensor is a negative temperature coefficient thermistor (temperature sensitive resistor) that provides transmission fluid temperature information to the PCM. The PCM sends a 5 volt reference signal to the sensor and measures the voltage drop in the circuit. The internal resistance of the sensor changes as the operating temperature of the transmission fluid changes. A lower fluid temperature creates a higher resistance in the temperature sensor, thereby measuring a higher voltage signal. The PCM measures this voltage as another input in order to help control line pressure, shift schedules, and TCC apply. When the transmission fluid temperature reaches 130°C (266°F), the PCM enters hot mode. Above this temperature the PCM modifies the transmission shift schedules and the TCC apply in an attempt to reduce the fluid temperature by reducing the transmission heat generation. During hot mode the PCM applies the TCC at all times in Third and Fourth gears. Also, the PCM performs the 2-3 and the 3-4 shifts earlier in order to help reduce heat generation. The PCM stays in hot mode until the temperature drops below 120°C (248°F).

TEMPERATURE °C

Transmission Fluid Overtemperature will set a DTC P0218 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0218 stores in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts.

Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Circuit Performance will set a DTC P0711 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0711 stores in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts. • The PCM calculates a default TFT from the ECT and IAT.

Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Circuit Low Input will set a DTC P0712 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0712 stores in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts. • The PCM calculates a default TFT from the ECT and IAT.

Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor Circuit High Input will set a DTC P0713 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0713 stores in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts. • The PCM calculates a default TFT from the ECT and IAT.

Figure 46

49

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
HOUSING CENTER POLE ➤ O-RING METERING O-RING O-RING BALL FLUID SCREEN


Torque Converter Clutch Control PWM Solenoid Valve (334):

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

The TCC Control PWM solenoid valve is a normally closed, pulse width modulated (PWM) solenoid used to control the apply and release of the converter clutch. The PCM operates the solenoid with a negative duty cycle at a fixed frequency of 32 Hz to control the rate of TCC apply/release. The solenoid’s ability to “ramp” the TCC apply and release pressures results in a smoother TCC operation. When vehicle operating conditions are appropriate to apply the TCC, the PCM immediately increases the duty cycle to approximately 22% (see point A on graph). The PCM then ramps the duty cycle up to approximately 98% to achieve full TCC apply pressure (in vehicles equipped with the Electronically Controlled Clutch Capacity (ECCC) system, the pressure plate does not fully lock to the torque converter cover). The rate at which the PCM increases the duty cycle controls the TCC apply. Similarly, the PCM also ramps down the TCC solenoid duty cycle to control TCC release. There are some operating conditions that prevent or enable TCC apply under various conditions (refer to the Automatic Transmission Fluid Temperature sensor description). Also, if the PCM receives a high voltage signal from the brake switch, signalling that the brake pedal is depressed, the PCM immediately releases the TCC. Note: Duty cycles given are for example only. Actual duty cycles will vary depending on vehicle application and vehicle operating conditions.
TCC Control PWM solenoid valve resistance should measure between 10.4 and 10.8 ohms when measured at 20 °C (68 ° F). The resistance should measure approximately 16 ohms at 150°C (300°F).

EXHAUST COIL ASSEMBLY CONNECTOR

PRESSURE SUPPLY (2ND) SPRING TCC CONTROL PWM SOLENOID

PRESSURE CONTROL [TCC SIGNAL (PWM)]

PERCENT DUTY CYCLE

100% 75

C B

D

E 50 25 0 A S TCC APPLY FLUID PRESSURE

F TIME

TCC APPLY & RELEASE
Torque Converter Clutch System Stuck Off will set a DTC P0741 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0741 stores in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts. • Inhibit TCC engagement. • Inhibit 4th gear in Hot Mode. Torque Converter Clutch System Stuck On will set a DTC P0742 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0742 stores in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts. • TCC commanded On at maximum capacity.

➤ TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX

19

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

REL


TCC CONTROL VALVE

LOW/1ST GEAR

COOLER

➤ EX

REV

➤ ➤

TCC REG APPLY

D4

LINE
32

D2

EX

18

TCC REG APPLY
➤ ➤

D3

TFP SWITCH


50

Figure 47

RELEASE ➤ APPLY

RELEASE ➤ APPLY

; ;;; ;;; ;
APPLY
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

2ND ➤

CONV FD

Torque Converter Clutch Control PWM Solenoid Operation:

The TCC Control PWM Solenoid valve is the electronic control component of the TCC apply and release system (the TCC release switch is a failsafe device). The other components are all hydraulic control or regulating valves. The illustration below shows all the valves and the TCC Control PWM solenoid that make up the TCC control system. (For more information on system operation see pages 70 and 71 in the Powerflow section).

;;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;; ;;;;;;; ;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;
TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (55)
➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Pressure Control Solenoid Valve (322):

Duty Cycle, Frequency and Current Flow:

A “duty cycle” may be defined as the percent of time current is flowing through a solenoid coil during each cycle. The number of cycles that occur within a specified amount of time, usually measured in seconds, is called “frequency”. Typically, the operation of an electronically controlled pulse width modulated solenoid is explained in terms of duty cycle and frequency. The PCM controls the PC Sol. Valve on a positive duty cycle at a fixed frequency of 292.5 Hz (cycles per second). A higher duty cycle provides a greater current flow through the solenoid. The high (positive) side of the PC Sol. Valve electrical circuit at the PCM controls the PC Sol. Valve operation. The PCM provides a ground path for the circuit, monitors average current and continuously varies the PC Sol. Valve duty cycle to maintain the correct average current flowing through the PC Sol. Valve.

FLUID SCREENS EXHAUST

PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

205 (Nom)

Approximate Duty Cycle + 5% +40%

Current 0.02 Amps 1.1 Amps

Line Pressure Maximum Minimum
55 (Nom) 0 CURRENT (AMPS) 1.1

Pressure control solenoid valve resistance should measure between 3.5 and 4.6 ohms when measured at 20°C (68°F).

The duty cycle and current flow to the PC Sol. Valve are mainly affected by throttle position (engine torque) and they are inversely proportional to throttle angle (engine torque). In other words, as the throttle angle (engine torque increases), the duty cycle is decreased by the PCM which decreases current flow to the PC Sol. Valve. Current flow to the PC Sol. Valve creates a magnetic field that moves the solenoid armature toward the push rod and against spring force.
Transaxle Adapt Function:

A Pressure Control Solenoid electrical problem will set a DTC P0748 and the PCM will command the following default actions: • DTC P0748 stores in PCM history. • Freeze shift adapts. • Maximum line pressure.

Programming within the PCM also allows for automatic adjustments in shift pressure that are based on the changing characteristics of the transaxle components. As the apply components within the transaxle wear, shift time (time required to apply a clutch or band) increases. In order to compensate for this wear, the PCM adjusts trim pressure by controlling the PCS in order to maintain the originally calibrated shift timing. The automatic adjusting process is referred to as “adaptive learning” and it is used to assure consistent shift feel plus increase transaxle durability. The PCM monitors the A/T ISS sensor and VSS during commanded shifts to determine if a shift is occurring too fast (harsh) or too slow (soft) and adjusts the PC Sol. Valve signal to maintain a set shift feel.
Transmission adapts must be reset whenever the transmission is overhauled or replaced (see appropriate service manual).

LINE PRESSURE

Figure 48

The Pressure Control Solenoid Valve (PC Sol. Valve) is a precision electronic pressure regulator that controls transmission line pressure based on current flow through its coil windings. As current flow is increased, the magnetic field produced by the coil moves the solenoid’s plunger further away from the exhaust port. Opening the exhaust port decreases the output fluid pressure regulated by the PC Sol. Valve, which ultimately decreases line pressure. The PCM controls the PC Sol. Valve based on various inputs including throttle position, fluid temperature, MAP sensor and gear state.

PRESSURE PRESSURE COIL CONNECTOR CONTROL SUPPLY ASSEMBLY (VBS SIGNAL) (ACTUATOR FEED) HOUSING O-RING


➤ ➤ ➤

DIAPHRAGM SPRING

CALIBRATION SCREW

51

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS NOTES

52

POWERFLOW
This section of the book describes how torque from the engine is transferred through the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle allowing the vehicle to move either in a forward or reverse direction. The information that follows details the specific mechanical operation, electrical, hydraulic and apply components that are required to achieve a gear operating range. The full size, left hand pages throughout this section contain drawings of the mechanical components used in a specific range and gear. Facing this full page is a half page insert containing a color coded range reference chart at the top. This chart is one of the key items used to understand the mechanical operation of the transaxle in each range and gear. The text below this chart provides a detailed explanation of what is occurring mechanically in that range and gear. The full size, right hand pages contain a simplified version of the Complete Hydraulic Circuit that is involved for that range and gear. Facing this full page is a half page insert containing text and a detailed explanation of what is occurring hydraulically in that range and gear. A page number located at the bottom of the half page of text provides a ready reference to the complete Hydraulic Circuits section of this book if more detailed information is desired. It is the intent of this section to provide an overall simplified explanation of the mechanical, hydraulic and electrical operation of the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle. If the operating principle of a clutch, band or valve is unclear, refer to the previous sections of this book for individual components descriptions.

PARK
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 1a INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED 1b INPUT SPRAG (664) *HOLDING 1c INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING 1d INPUT CARRIER PINIONS ROTATE 1e INPUT INTERNAL GEAR HELD (POWER TERMINATES) 3a REACTION PLANETARY PINION ROTATE 2b PARKING GEAR (696) LOCKED 2 2a POSSIBLE TORQUE POWER TO FINAL TRANSMITTED FROM DRIVE VEHICLE PINIONS


LINE

PRN

LINE


30

EX

17

CONV FD

LINE

12

INPUT CL ➤

LINE

ACT FD LIM VALVE
EX

TORQUE SIG

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

AUX INPUT CL FD 2-1 MAN SERVO

1

4
2-3 OFF SIG


LO-1ST

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LO D4 3RD

EX

3RD

EX

#10

33

EX

EX

6

D3

D4 ACT FEED LINE
VBS

EX

LINE

EX

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

EX

EX 1-2 ACCUMULATOR
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

EH

1/2 ROLLER CLUTCH SUPPORT FREEWHEELING

56

B

YD R PA AUL GE IC 82 CIR CU

IT

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

2ND CLUTCH

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT CO MP (689) LE HELD T

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

56

Figure 52

Figure 53

Figure 49

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) HELD

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

TORQUE SIGNAL

EX

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) FREEWHEELING

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

PARKING LOCK PAWL (694) ENGAGED

PARKING GEAR (696) HELD

LO/1ST GEAR

EX

EX

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697) HELD

Pressure Control Solenoid N.O.
EX

TORQUE SIG REG

7

TORQUE SIGNAL

2ND LO/1ST GEAR

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

D2

3-2 MAN DS

LINE

3

LINE

➤ ➤ ➤

13

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.ON

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

3
➤ ➤

21

2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

35

ORIFICED EX

2-3 SIGNAL

EX ➤

INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

ACTUATOR FD

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED

1-2, 3-4 SIG

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

D3

4-3 MDS

D2

INPUT SPRAG (664) *HOLDING

31

3RD

EX

LINE

LINE

➤ ➤

LINE(from Pump)

➤ ➤

5

EX

N.O.ON

2

➤ ➤

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

16

15

LUBE

INPUT CLUTCH

LO-1ST

14

PRN

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

LINE

PRN

LINE PRESSURE TAP
➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤

LUBE

PRN REV

D4

ssu mp tr pu Pretes pu to the hen emand ulaordingents. W e dfrom th accuirem ceeds, fluidr q t ex sure lato re u s u outp e pre re reg f linressu o p the

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

➤ INPUT CL ➤

) k (P P ar the he oil er in t : levre fromwing o or lect essu e foll e se e pr o th ): Regh th lin d t 18 ) Witsition, irecte Valve(2ressure po p is d lator (line pion u t s pum re Regoutpuansmis p m

RK g) PA nnin Ru ine g (En

PARK
(Engine Running)


1
LO
1 2 D D NR
EX

P

MANUAL VALVE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

D2 D3


➤ ➤

EX ➤

#3

DECREASE

➤ ➤

7

➤ ➤

57

53

MECHANICAL POWERFLOW FROM THE TORQUE CONVERTER TO THE DRIVEN SPROCKET
(Engine Running)
3 FLUID COUPLING DRIVES THE TURBINE

MECHANICAL POWERFLOW FROM THE TORQUE CONVERTER TO THE DRIVEN SPROCKET
(Engine Running)

1 POWER FROM THE ENGINE 4 TURBINE SHAFT DRIVEN 2 POWER TO DRIVE OIL PUMP

7 INPUT HOUSING (INPUT & 3RD CLUTCH) ASSEMBLY ROTATES AT DRIVEN SPROCKET SPEED

The mechanical power flow in the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle begins at the point of connection between the torque converter and the engine flywheel. When the engine is running, the torque converter cover (pump) is forced to rotate at engine speed. As the torque converter rotates it multiplies engine torque and transmits it to the turbine shaft (518). The turbine shaft, which is connected to the drive sprocket (516), thus provides the primary link to the mechanical operation of the transaxle.
1 Power from the Engine

Torque from the engine is transferred to the transaxle through the engine flywheel which is bolted to the engine crankshaft.
2 Power to Drive the Oil Pump

The oil pump drive shaft (227) is splined to the torque converter cover at one end and to the pump rotor (210) at the other end.
2a Pump Rotor Driven

2a PUMP ROTOR DRIVEN

When the engine is running, the oil pump drive shaft (227) and the pump rotor (210) are forced to rotate at engine speed.
3 Fluid Coupling Drives the Turbine

5 DRIVE SPROCKET ROTATES AT TURBINE SPEED 6 DRIVE LINK AND DRIVEN SPROCKET ROTATE AT TURBINE SPEED (depending on sprocket ratio)
TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
DRIVE SPROCKET (516) OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY (200) OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT (227) DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY (507)
SPLINED TO CONVERTER HOUSING COVER ASSEMBLY (J)

Transaxle fluid inside the torque converter (1) creates a fluid coupling which in turn drives the torque converter turbine.
4 Turbine Shaft Driven

As the torque converter turbine rotates, the turbine shaft (518), which is splined to the torque converter turbine, is also forced to rotate at turbine speed.
5 Drive Sprocket Rotates at Turbine Speed

SPLINED TO TORQUE CONVERTER TURBINE ASSEMBLY (D)

The opposite end of the turbine shaft (518) is splined to the drive sprocket (516), which forces the drive sprocket to rotate in the same direction and speed as the torque converter turbine.
6 Drive Link and Driven Sprocket Rotate at Turbine Speed

TURBINE SHAFT (518)

Teeth on the drive sprocket (516) are in mesh with the dual drive link assembly (507) and the drive link is also in mesh with the teeth on the driven sprocket (506). When the engine is running, all three components will rotate in the same direction and possibly at the same speed depending on drive and driven sprocket ratio (see basic specifications page 122).
7 Input Housing Assembly Rotates at Driven Sprocket Speed

SPLINED TO OIL PUMP ROTOR (210)

SPLINED TO (506)

The driven sprocket (506) is splined to the input housing and shaft assembly (632) and forces the input housing to rotate at driven sprocket speed. NOTE: To minimize the amount of repetitive text, the remaining mechanical power flow descriptions will begin with the driven sprocket (506). The transfer of torque from the engine through the torque converter and to the driven sprocket is identical in all gear ranges. 54A

SPLINED TO (632)

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

54

Figure 50

HYDRAULIC POWERFLOW - COMMON FUNCTIONS FOR ALL RANGES
(Engine Running)
When the gear selector lever is in the Park (P) position and the engine is running, fluid is drawn into the oil pump and line pressure is directed to the pressure regulator valve.
1 PRESSURE REGULATION 1a Pressure Regulator Valve:

COMMON HYDRAULIC FUNCTIONS FOR ALL RANGES
3 TORQUE 1 PRESSURE
REGULATION
D4 REV

CONVERTER

APPLY ➤ RELEASE


1b Actuator Feed Limit (AFL) Valve:

LINE


EX

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

APPLY

EX

LINE

TCC CONTROL VALVE
EX

EX

32

EX

18

➤CONV

Regulates line pressure into the torque signal fluid circuit. This regulation is controlled by regulated VBS signal fluid pressure from the PC Sol. valve. Torque signal fluid pressure is routed to the accumulator valves and the boost valve to control shift feel.
2 SHIFT ACCUMULATION 2a 1-2, 2-3 and 3-4 Accumulator Valves:

COOLER

3b

FD

SUCTION

TCC REG APPLY

FILTER
➤ ➤

SUMP

EX

EX

3 TORQUE CONVERTER (RELEASED POSITION ONLY) 3a Pressure Regulator Valve:

17


EX
9 6

LINE


31

EX

LINE

EX

EX

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

3b TCC Control Valve:

TORQUE SIG

2-3 ACCUM

3c TCC Regulator Apply Valve:

2b

Spring force holds the valve in the release position and converter feed fluid is routed into the release fluid circuit. Also, fluid returning from the converter in the apply fluid circuit is routed through the valve and into the cooler fluid circuit. Spring force holds the valve in the release position, thereby blocking line pressure.
3d Torque Converter:

1b

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

EX ➤

3RD CLUTCH

2ND CL

EX

EX

4TH CLUTCH 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR

EX

54B

Figure 51

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

TORQUE SIGNAL

Release fluid pressure is routed to the torque converter to keep the TCC released. Fluid leaves the converter in the apply fluid circuit and returns to the cooler through the TCC control valve.

LINE

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

1c

Pressure Control Solenoid

VBS

Line pressure is routed through the PR valve and into the converter feed fluid circuit. Converter feed fluid is routed to the TCC control valve.

8


5

11

LINE

10

3-4 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

DECREASE

EX

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

ACT FD LIM VALVE
35

ACTUATOR FD

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

3-4 ACCUM

ACT FEED

TORQUE SIG REG
7

EX 1-2 ACCUMULATOR

EX

Accumulator fluid is routed to each of the accumulator assemblies in preparation for upshifts and downshifts.

TORQUE SIG

2a
2

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE

2b 1-2, 2-3 and 3-4 Accumulator Assemblies:

LINE

LO-1ST

16

14

PRN

EX

15

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

1d

Line pressure is regulated into accumulator fluid pressure. This regulation is basically controlled by torque signal fluid pressure acting on the end of the valve and accumulator fluid which is orificed into the other end of the valve.

2 SHIFT ACCUMULATION

3

LINE

CONV FD

1a

3a

3c

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT THERMO ELEMENT EXHAUST

TCC REG APPLY LINE ➤

OIL PUMP

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

EX

1d Torque Signal Regulor Valve:

LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

Controlled by the PCM, the PC Sol. valve regulates actuator feed fluid pressure acting on the end of the torque signal regulator valve.

2ND

REL

LINE

19

1c Pressure Control Solenoid Valve (PC Sol. Valve):

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid

CONV FD

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

#1

Line pressure is routed through the valve and into the actuator feed fluid circuit. The valve limits actuator feed fluid pressure to a maximum pressure. Actuator feed fluid is routed to the pressure control solenoid, and also feeds the 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid circuit.

RELEASE

DECREASE

➤ ➤

Regulates pump output (line pressure) in response to torque signal fluid pressure acting on the line reverse boost valve, spring force, and line pressure acting on the end of the valve. Line pressure is directed to the manual valve, the accumulator valves, the 3-2 manual downshift valve, torque signal regulator valve, the TCC regulated apply valve, and the actuator feed limit valve. Also, line pressure feeds the converter feed, lube circuit, and the 2-3 signal fluid circuit through the pressure regulator valve.

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;; ;; ;; ;;; ;;; ;;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;;

3d
CHAIN OILER

D2

;;
D3
E AS LE RE
12

LUBE

TFP SWITCH

LINE PRESSURE TAP

RELEASE

LINE(to manual valve)

➤ ➤

55

PARK
(Engine Running)
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 1a INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED 1b INPUT SPRAG (722) *HOLDING 1c INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING 1d INPUT CARRIER PINIONS ROTATE 1e INPUT INTERNAL GEAR HELD (POWER TERMINATES) 3a REACTION PLANETARY PINIONS ROTATE 2b PARKING GEAR (696) LOCKED 2a TORQUE TO FINAL DRIVE PINIONS 2 POSSIBLE POWER TRANSMITTED FROM VEHICLE
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON 2-3 SHIFT SOL ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH

PARK
(Engine Running)
3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING * 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

In Park range, there are three levels of powerflow coexisting. The graphics will follow each flow separately by numerical designation, which relates to the following text.
1 Power from Torque Converter

Power from the torque converter turbine transfers to the driven sprocket (506) which is splined to the input shaft and housing assembly.
1a Input Clutch Applied

The input clutch is applied and holds the outer race of the input sprag assembly which forces the input sprag to rotate.
1b Input Sprag Holding

The input sprag holds when torque comes from the engine, and overruns when torque comes from the wheels, allowing the vehicle to coast.
1c Input Sun Gear Driving

Power continues from the sprag through the input sun gear (668), which then drives the input planetary pinions.
1d Input Carrier Pinions Rotate
INPUT SPRAG (722) *HOLDING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED

Teeth on the input sun gear (668) are in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672) forcing them to rotate.
1e Input Internal Gear Held/Powerflow Terminates

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

The input internal gear/reaction carrier is splined to the final drive sun gear shaft, which is held stationary by the parking gear which is also splined to the final drive sun gear shaft. The input carrier pinions are rotating but the input internal gear/reaction carrier is held, powerflow terminates.
2 Torque from the vehicle. Possibly parked on an incline (force of gravity). 2a Torque from Wheels to Planetary Pinions

Torque from the vehicle travels through the wheels to the differential, into the final drive planetary pinions.
2b Parking Gear Locked/Torque Terminated at Final Drive Gear Set

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) HELD

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) FREEWHEELING

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

PARKING GEAR (696) PARKING HELD LOCK PAWL (694) ENGAGED

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697) HELD

The final drive internal gear is held stationary in the case and the final drive sun gear is held by the parking lock gear which is held by the parking lock pawl. Two members of the planetary gear set are held stationary, powerflow is terminated.

NOTE: If Park is selected while the vehicle is moving, the parking pawl will ratchet in and out of the lugs on the parking gear until the vehicle slows to approximately 5 km/h (3 mph). At that speed the parking gear will engage and stop the vehicle from moving. The vehicle should be completely stopped before selecting Park range or internal damage to the transaxle could occur.
3 Preparation for a shift into Overdrive First 3a Reaction Planetary Pinions Rotate

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) HELD

The reaction planetary pinions rotate and drive the reaction sun gear and drum assembly. The 1/2 support roller clutch outer race is attached to the reaction sun gear and drum assembly and locks up the roller clutch which forces the 1/2 support and drum to rotate. When the vehicle is shifted into the overdrive range the forward band is the only element that needs to apply to achieve forward motion.

1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) FREEWHEELING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

The manual linkage must be adjusted properly so the indicator quadrants in the vehicle correspond with the manual shift detent lever (802) in the transaxle. If not properly adjusted, an internal leak between fluid passages at the manual valve can cause a clutch or band to slip, or it may cause the transaxle not to hold in Park. Refer to the appropriate General Motors Service Manual for the proper manual linkage adjustment procedures.

56

Figure 52

56A

PARK
(Engine Running)
INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
➤ INPUT CL ➤

PARK
INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

Engine Running
FORWARD BAND
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON

2-3 SHIFT SOL ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

HOLDING *

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

1
LO
1 2 D D NR
EX

LINE

PRN

2

# 3 Ball Check Valve

PRN fluid is then routed to the pressure regulator valve and to the #3 ball check valve where it enters the input clutch fluid circuit.
3 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve:
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

LINE

CONV FD

1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure moves the 1-2 shift valve against spring pressure and the fluid is also directed to the 3-4 shift valve.
5 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve:

EX

17

LINE

12

INPUT CL ➤

31

3RD

EX

LINE

ACT FD LIM VALVE
EX

6

2-3 Shift Valve:

TORQUE SIG

35

ORIFICED EX

2-3 SIGNAL

EX ➤

AUX INPUT CL FD 2-1 MAN SERVO

3

21

LO-1ST

1

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LO D4 3RD

4
2-3 OFF SIG

2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL D2
3-2 MAN DS
EX

7

3-4 Shift Valve:

EX

3RD

EX

#10

33

EX

6

D3

D4 ACT FEED

EX

LINE

LO/1ST GEAR

VBS

EX

EX

Pressure Control Solenoid

TORQUE SIG REG
EX ➤
7

LINE

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

2

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 82

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

56B

2ND CLUTCH

Figure 53

TORQUE SIGNAL

EX

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

2ND LO/1ST GEAR

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

LINE

3

LINE

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

➤ ➤ ➤

13

2-3 signal fluid pressure moves the 4-3 manual downshift valve against spring pressure and holds the 3-4 shift valve in the downshift position. In this position input clutch feed fluid enters the input clutch fluid circuit and is directed to the #3 ball check valve where it joins with PRN fluid of equal pressure and applies the input clutch.

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.ON

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

Spring force and 2-3 signal fluid pressure force the 3-2 manual downshift valve against the 2-3 shift valve and hold it in the downshift position. In this position line pressure is routed into the input clutch feed circuit and directed to the 3-4 shift valve.

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

ACTUATOR FD

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

LINE

1-2, 3-4 SIG

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

D3

4-3 MDS

D2

Energized by the PCM, the normally open 2-3 shift solenoid is ON and blocks 2-3 signal fluid from exhausting. The 2-3 signal fluid circuit leads to the 4-3 manual downshift valve and the 3-2 manual downshift valve.

LINE

LINE

➤ ➤

LINE(from Pump)

➤ ➤

5

EX

N.O.ON

2

➤ ➤

4

1-2 Shift Valve:


30

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

16

15

LUBE

INPUT CLUTCH

LO-1ST

14

PRN

2-3 SIGNAL


Energized by the PCM, the normally open 1-2, 3-4 shift solenoid is ON and blocks 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid from exhausting.

LINE

LINE

PRN
#3

LINE PRESSURE TAP

➤ ➤

LUBE

PRN REV

D4

Mechanically controlled by the gear selector lever, the manual valve is in the Park (P) position and directs line pressure into the PRN fluid circuits.

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIES 1 Manual Valve:
3RD CL/LO-1ST

P

D2 D3

EX ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL VALVE

➤ ➤

DECREASE

➤ ➤

7

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

57

REVERSE
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 3 REVERSE BAND (615) APPLIED 2 INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED 2a INPUT SPRAG (722) HOLDING 4 INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) HELD 5 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVEN 2b 6 INPUT POWER TO SUN FINAL DRIVE GEAR (700) (668) DRIVING
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON 2-3 SHIFT SOL ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND APPLIED

REVERSE
2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

In Reverse (R), torque from the engine is multiplied through the torque converter (1), the transaxle gear train, the final drive assembly and the output shaft (510), thereby sending power to the vehicle’s drive axles. The planetary gear sets operate in reduction and in a reverse direction of the input torque. The gear ratio for Reverse gear range is 2.385:1.
• When the gear selector lever is moved into the Reverse (R) gear range, the parking pawl disengages from the parking gear (696) allowing the final drive sun gear shaft (689) to rotate. • The manual shaft and detent lever assembly (802 & 807) and manual valve (404) are also moved into the Reverse gear position in order to channel the transmission fluid.
1 Power from Torque Converter

➤ ➤

REVERSE SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (722) HOLDING 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669) HELD

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

REVERSE BAND (615) APPLIED 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (217) HELD REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675)

PARKING GEAR (696)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) HELD

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) FREEWHEELING

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697) 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) FREEWHEELING

58

Figure 54


The driven sprocket (506) is splined to the input shaft and housing assembly (632) and forces the housing to rotate at driven sprocket speed.
2 Input Clutch Applied

The input clutch is applied and holds the outer race of the input sprag assembly which forces the input sprag to rotate.
2a Input Sprag Holding

The input sprag holds when torque comes from the engine, and overruns when torque comes from the wheels, allowing the vehicle to coast.
2b Input Sun Gear Driving

Power continues from the input sprag through the input sun gear (668), which then drives the input carrier planetary pinions.
3 Reverse Band Applied

The reverse band (615) is applied, holding the 2nd clutch housing (617).
4 Input Carrier Assembly Held

The reverse reaction drum (669), splined on one end to the 2nd clutch housing (617) and the other end to the input carrier assembly (672), is held and prevents the input carrier assembly (672) from rotating.
5 Input Internal Gear Driven

Teeth on the input sun gear (668), in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672), drive the pinion gears and input internal gear, which is part of the reaction carrier assembly (675), in the reverse direction of forward gear rotation.
6 Power to Final Drive Assembly

The final drive sun gear shaft (689), splined to the reaction carrier assembly (675) at one end and the final drive sun gear (697) at the other end, drives the differential assembly (700) in reverse direction.

58A

REVERSE
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON 2-3 SHIFT SOL ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND APPLIED 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND
➤ INPUT CL ➤

REVERSE
1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤
➤ ➤
➤ ➤ ➤

APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

When the gear selector lever is moved to the Reverse (R) position (from the Park position) the following changes occur in the transaxle’s hydraulic and electrical systems.
1 PRESSURE REGULATION 1a Manual Valve:
3RD CL/LO-1ST

➤ ➤

1a
LO

1 2 D D NR
EX

P

MANUAL VALVE

LINE

PRN

1b Pressure Regulator and Boost Valves:
➤ ➤

PRN

LINE

14


30

EX

EX

LINE

3RD

LINE

ACT FD LIM VALVE
EX

TORQUE SIG

35

ORIFICED EX

2-3 SIGNAL

EX ➤

EX

AUX INPUT CL FD

4TH CL IN CL FD

2b Reverse Band Servo:

LO D4

The PCM keeps the solenoid energized in Reverse and 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure acts on the 1-2 shift valve.

REV

3a 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve:

1d
3RD

3b 1-2 Shift Valve:

EX

EX

VBS

EX

7

LO/1ST GEAR

Still energized by the PCM, the normally open 2-3 shift solenoid is ON and blocks 2-3 signal fluid from exhausting and directs 2-3 signal fluid to the 4-3 Manual Downshift Valve and the 3-2 Manual Downshift Valve.
3d 2-3 Shift Valve:

D3

EX

EX

Pressure Control Solenoid

TORQUE SIG REG

EX

EX

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 84

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

58B

2ND CLUTCH

2-3 signal fluid pressure holds the 4-3 manual downshift valve against spring pressure and holds the 3-4 shift valve in the downshift position. Input clutch feed fluid enters the input clutch fluid circuit and is directed to the #3 ball check valve where it joins with PRN fluid of equal pressure and keeps the input clutch applied.

4d 3-4 Shift Valve:

EX 1-2 ACCUMULATOR

Figure 55

TORQ SIG

Spring force and 2-3 signal fluid pressure keep the 3-2 manual downshift valve against the 2-3 shift valve and hold it in the downshift position. In this position line pressure is routed into the input clutch feed circuit and directed to the 3-4 shift valve.

LINE

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

;;
D3
E AS LE RE

TFP SWITCH

3d

D4

LINE

3

LINE

EX

3c 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve:

#10

33

1-2 Signal fluid pressure keeps the 1-2 shift valve in the downshift position.

D2

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

D2

ACT FEED

LINE

3-2 MAN DS

➤ ➤

13

2-3 OFF SIGNAL

2ND LO/1ST GEAR

2-1 MAN SERVO

EX

EX

3 INPUT CLUTCH REMAINS APPLIED

2-3 OFF SIG

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.ON

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD

REVERSE BAND SERVO

Reverse servo clutch fluid pressure from the Reverse Boost Valve and orifice #20 applies the reverse servo piston which applies the reverse band to hold the second clutch housing.



1

LO-1ST

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LO D4

3a

3b

XE

REV SERVO

21

2-3 SIGNAL

ACTUATOR FD

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

2b

LINE

Opens under hard acceleration (high line pressure/high throttle position) to allow reverse fluid to by-pass the feed orifice #20 and enter the reverse servo passage. This provides for a quick apply of the reverse band to prevent band slippage during abusive shifts from Park or Neutral to Reverse.

1-2, 3-4 SIG

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

D3

4-3 MDS

D2

2 REVERSE BAND APPLIES 2a Reverse Boost Valve:

➤ EX


31

4d

INPUT CL ➤

LINE

LINE

2a


LINE(from Pump)

12

REVERSE

Reverse fluid is routed to the Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch Assembly (TFP Val. Position Sw.). The TFP Val. Position Sw. signals the PCM that the transaxle is in Reverse.

CONV FD

REV BST

3c

17

EX


EX

20

➤ ➤

N.O.ON


1c

#5

1d Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch Assembly (TFP Val. Position Sw.):

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

16

15

LUBE

INPUT CLUTCH

LO-1ST

2-3 SIGNAL

#3


Located in the valve body, it blocks the reverse servo feed passage forcing reverse fluid through orifice #20 in the spacer plate into the reverse servo passage.

1b

LINE

LINE

PRN

➤ ➤

1c # 5 Ball Check Valve:

LINE PRESSURE TAP



➤ ➤


PRN fluid at the line reverse boost valve and assists torque signal fluid pressure against line pressure and spring force. The addition of PRN fluid pressure increases the operating range of line pressure in Reverse.

➤ ➤

With the manual valve in the reverse position, line pressure is directed into the reverse fluid circuit in addition to the PRN fluid circuit already pressurized in Park.

PRN REV

D4

LUBE

3

D2 D3

EX ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

DECREASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

59

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running)
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 1a INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED 1b INPUT SPRAG (722) *HOLDING 1c INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING 1d INPUT CARRIER PINIONS ROTATE 1e INPUT INTERNAL GEAR HELD (POWER TERMINATES) 2a REACTION PLANETARY PINIONS ROTATE
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON 2-3 SHIFT SOL ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running)
2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING * *

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

When the gear selector lever is placed in the Neutral (N) position, the mechanical power flow through the transaxle is similar to Park gear range. The primary difference is the parking pawl (694) is not engaged with the parking gear (696), which allows the final drive sun gear shaft (689) to rotate freely in either direction. Assuming that the vehicle is on level ground, the weight of the vehicle (transferred through the drive axles) holds the final drive sun gear shaft. Under these conditions, power flow through the transaxle is the same as in Park.
• The manual shaft and detent lever assembly (802 & 807) and

manual valve (404) are moved into Neutral (N) range position.
1 Power from Torque Converter

Power from the torque converter turbine transfers to the driven sprocket (506) which is splined to the input shaft and housing assembly.
1a Input Clutch Applied

The input clutch is applied and holds the outer race of the input sprag assembly which forces the input sprag to try to rotate.
INPUT CLUTCH *APPLIED 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY INPUT SPRAG (722) *HOLDING INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

1b Input Sprag Holding

The input sprag holds when torque comes from the engine, and overruns when torque comes from the wheels, allowing the vehicle to coast.
1c Input Sun Gear Driving

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

Power continues from the input sprag through the input sun gear (668), which then drives the input carrier planetary pinions.
1d Input Carrier Pinions Rotate

Teeth on the input sun gear (668) are in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672), forcing them to rotate.
1e Input Internal Gear Held/Powerflow Terminates

The input internal gear/reaction carrier is splined to the final drive sun gear shaft, which is held stationary by the weight of the vehicle. The input carrier pinions are rotating but the input internal gear/reaction carrier is held, powerflow terminates.
PARKING LOCK PAWL (694) DISENGAGED PARKING GEAR (696) HELD FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697) HELD

2 Preparation for a shift into Overdrive First 2a Reaction Planetary Pinions Rotate

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) HELD

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) FREEWHEELING

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693)

The reaction planetary pinions rotate and drive the reaction sun gear and drum assembly. The 1/2 support roller clutch outer race is attached to the reaction sun gear and drum assembly and locks up the roller clutch which forces the 1/2 support and drum to rotate. When the vehicle is shifted into the overdrive range, the forward band is the only element that needs to apply to achieve forward motion.

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) HELD

NOTE: Whenever adjustments or repairs are being performed and the gear selector lever is in Neutral, it is important that the vehicle’s parking brake is applied and the wheels are blocked. A slight incline will cause the vehicle to roll either forward or backwards potentially causing injury or damage.

1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) FREEWHEELING

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

60

Figure 56

60A

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running)
➤ INPUT CL ➤

NEUTRAL
Engine Running
INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON

2-3 SHIFT SOL ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

HOLDING *

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

LO

1 REVERSE BAND RELEASES 1a Manual Valve:

PRN

LINE

LUBE

16

15

EX

CONV FD

17

EX

REV BST

LINE

31

➤ EX

3RD

INPUT CL ➤

LINE

TORQUE SIG

35

ORIFICED EX

2-3 SIGNAL

EX

EX ➤

2 INPUT CLUTCH REMAINS APPLIED

ACT FD LIM VALVE

1-2, 3-4 SIG

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

AUX INPUT CL FD 2-1 MAN SERVO

ACTUATOR FD


1

LO-1ST

1b

1d
3RD

LO D4

EX

EX

2ND LO/1ST GEAR

#10

33

EX

EX

D2

D3

D4

LO/1ST GEAR

ACT FEED

LINE

LINE

3

EX

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

2

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 86

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

60B

2ND CLUTCH

Figure 57

TORQUE SIGNAL

EX

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

7

LINE

EX

EX

Pressure Control Solenoid

TORQUE SIG REG

;;
D3
E AS LE RE

VBS

TFP SWITCH

LINE

EX

2-3 OFF SIG

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

D2

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O.ON

3-2 MAN DS

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

REV

3RD

13

LO D4

REVERSE BAND SERVO

Note: In Park, Reverse and Neutral the shift solenoids are shown in the First gear state. This is the normal operating state when the vehicle is stationary or at low vehicle speeds. However, the PCM will change the shift solenoid states depending on vehicle speed. For example, if Neutral range is selected when the vehicle is operating in Second gear, the shift solenoids will remain in a Second gear state. But with the manual valve in Neutral, line pressure is blocked, drive fluid exhausts and the transmission will shift into Neutral.

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL

REV SERVO

21

2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

The input clutch remains applied but becomes ineffective as the reverse band releases.

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

D3

4-3 MDS

D2

Reverse fluid pressure exhausts from the TFP Val. Position Sw., thereby signalling the PCM that the transaxle is in Neutral (N) or Park (P).

LINE

LINE

LINE(from Pump)

1d Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch Assembly (TFP Val. Position Sw.):

REVERSE

EX

20

Reverse fluid forces the #5 ball check valve off its seat allowing reverse servo fluid to bypass orifice #20 which allows a quick release of the reverse band.

12

EX

N.O.OFF

1c
➤ ➤

#5

1c # 5 Ball Check Valve:


30

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

LO-1ST

2-3 SIGNAL


INPUT CLUTCH

14

Reverse fluid exhausts from the reverse band servo and force from the reverse servo return spring releases the reverse band shifting the transaxle into Neutral.

LINE

LINE

PRN

1b Reverse Band Servo:
➤ ➤

LINE PRESSURE TAP

The manual valve is moved to the Neutral position and blocks line pressure from entering the Reverse fluid circuit. The reverse fluid circuit is opened to an exhaust at the manual valve.

➤ ➤

LUBE

2

D2 D3

LINE

PRN

PRN REV

D4

➤ EX

3RD CL/LO-1ST

MANUAL VALVE

EX ➤ ➤

When the gear selector lever is moved to Neutral (N), the hydraulic system operates in the same manner as Park (P) range. If the gear selector lever is moved from the Reverse position to the Neutral position the following changes occur to the hydraulic and electrical systems.

1a
1 2 D D NR P

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

#3

DECREASE

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

61

OVERDRIVE RANGE – FIRST GEAR
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 3 INPUT SPRAG (722) HOLDING 4 INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING 5 INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVEN 2 INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED 8 REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) DRIVEN 7 REACTION SUN GEAR (678) HELD 6 REACTION INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 7a 7b FORWARD 1/2 SUPPORT BAND ROLLER (688) ASSEMBLY APPLIED (683) 9 HOLDING POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FIRST GEAR
2-3 SHIFT SOL ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING

HOLDING APPLIED

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

In Overdrive Range - First Gear D , torque from the engine is multiplied through the torque converter (1) and transaxle gear sets to the drive axles. The planetary gear sets operate in reduction to achieve a first gear starting ratio of 2.921:1.
• The manual shaft, detent lever and manual valve are moved into Overdrive - the D range position on the shift quadrant.
1 Power from Torque Converter



➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

Power from the torque converter turbine transfers to the driven sprocket (506) which is splined to the input shaft and housing assembly.
2 Input Clutch Applied

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

INPUT SPRAG (722) HOLDING

INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

PARKING GEAR FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (696) (689) FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) HELD

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) HELD


REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) HELD 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) HOLDING

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

62

Figure 58

The input clutch is applied and holds the outer race of the input sprag assembly which forces the input sprag to try to rotate.
3 Input Sprag Holding

The input sprag holds when torque comes from the engine, and overruns when torque comes from the wheels, allowing the vehicle to coast.
4 Input Sun Gear Driving

Power continues from the input sprag through the input sun gear (668), which then drives the input carrier planetary pinions.
5 Input Carrier Assembly Driven

Teeth on the input sun gear (668) are in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672) forcing the carrier to rotate.
6 Reaction Internal Gear Driving

The reaction internal gear, part of the input carrier assembly (672), is in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the reaction carrier assembly (675), forcing the carrier to rotate around the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678).
7 Reaction Sun Gear Held 7a Forward Band Applied

The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1-2 support roller clutch assembly (683).
7b 1/2 Support Roller Clutch Assembly Holding

In Overdrive Range - First Gear, the direction of rotation of the reaction carrier assembly (675) forces the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) to try to rotate in the opposite direction. The 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (683) holds the 1/2 support outer race [part of the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678)], against this rotation thereby holding the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678).
8 Reaction Carrier Assembly Driven

The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive differential through the final drive sun gear (697).
9 Power to Final Drive Assembly

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

Torque transfers through the final drive sun gear to the final drive planet pinion gears (711). The final drive planet pinion gears (711) rotate inside the final drive internal gear (693), which is held stationary by the case, and transfers torque to the final drive differential side gears (705). The output shaft (510), splined into the differential side gear (705), provides the torque to the left hand drive axle while the right differential side gear (705) transfers torque to the right hand drive axle. When the differential and final drive carrier (700) rotates, the vehicle begins to move and first gear is achieved. As the speed of the vehicle increases, less torque multiplication is required to maintain a constant vehicle speed. In order to provide maximum powertrain efficiency, a lower input to output gear ratio is desirable. This lower gear ratio is automatically achieved when the transaxle shifts into second gear. 62A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FIRST GEAR
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON 2-3 SHIFT SOL ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

OVERDRIVE RANGE – FIRST GEAR
INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
➤ INPUT CL ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

APPLIED HOLDING

HOLDING APPLIED

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

When the gear selector lever is moved to the Overdrive D ) position from the Neutral (N) position the following changes occur to shift the transaxle into Overdrive Range - First Gear.
1 MANUAL VALVE:

1
LO

1a # 3 Ball Check Valve:

1b Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch Assembly (TFP Val. Position Sw.):

When PRN fluid exhausts, input clutch fluid moves the #3 ball check valve and seats it against the PRN fluid passage.

PRN

LUBE

16

15


30

CONV FD

LINE

12

2b Forward Servo Boost Valve:

3RD

EX

31

INPUT CL ➤

D4

35

➤ FWD SERVO ORIFICED EX

ACT FD LIM VALVE
EX

TORQUE SIG

LINE

EX ➤

D4

Applies and holds the forward band during all forward gear drive ranges.
3 INPUT CLUTCH REMAINS APPLIED

21

3a
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1

LO-1ST

The input clutch remains applied from Neutral to Drive and becomes effective as the forward band applies.
3a 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve:

EX

2-3 OFF SIG

REV

EX

LO D4

2ND

1b 3c
D2

#10

33

EX

EX

3b 1-2 Shift Valve:

D3

LO/1ST GEAR

EX

Located in the valve body this ball check valve unseats and allows lo/1st gear fluid to bypass orifice #33 and increases the fluid volume feeding the input clutch feed circuit.

EX

EX

Pressure Control Solenoid

TORQUE SIG REG
7

TORQUE SIGNAL

1-2 ACCUM

2ND CLUTCH

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 88

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

62B

Figure 59

TORQUE SIGNAL

Energized (ON) by the PCM, high pressure in the 2-3 signal fluid circuit holds the 2-3 and 3-4 shift valves in the downshift position.

LO/1ST GEAR

TORQ SIG

3d 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve:

TORQUE SIGNAL

;;
D3
E AS LE RE

VBS

EX

TFP SWITCH

EX

EX

➤ ➤

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

FORWARD BAND SERVO

2c
FORWARD SERVO

3c # 10 Ball Check Valve:

LINE

LINE

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

EX

In the downshift position D4 fluid passes through the 1-2 shift valve into the lo/1st gear fluid circuit and unseats the #10 ball check valve.

ACT FEED

LO/1ST GEAR

D4 LINE

LINE

3

EX

In first gear the 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve remains energized by the PCM and 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure holds the 1-2 shift valve in the downshifted position.

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

D2

3b

3RD

3-2 MAN DS

➤ ➤

3RD

13

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LO D4 ➤

2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL

2-3 SIGNAL

AUX INPUT CL FD 2-1 MAN SERVO

4TH CL IN CL FD

LINE

2c Forward Band Servo Applies:

D4

EX

ACTUATOR FD

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

1-2, 3-4 SIG

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

D3

4-3 MDS

D2

Opens under high line pressure (high throttle position) allowing D4 fluid to by-pass the feed orifice #29 to enter the forward servo passage. This provides for a quick fill of the servo passage and quick apply of the forward band assembly (688) to prevent slippage during abusive shifts from Park or Neutral to Drive.

LINE

LINE

➤ ➤ ➤

LINE(from Pump)

Located in the valve body, this ball check valve seats and forces D4 fluid to go through feed orifice #29 to control apply of the forward servo under light or normal throttle conditions.

EX

FWD SERVO

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

3d

29

FWD BST

17

EX

N.O.

ON

2a

EX

#6

2b
D4

➤ ➤

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

2-3 Shift Solenoid

D4

2 FORWARD BAND APPLIES 2a # 6 Ball Check Valve:

LINE

LO-1ST

14

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

LINE

INPUT CLUTCH

PRN

D4 fluid is routed to the TFP Val. Position Sw. and the TFP Val. Position Sw. signals the PCM that the transaxle is in the Overdrive range.

LINE PRESSURE TAP
➤ ➤

PRN REV
➤ ➤
➤ ➤

D4

LUBE

3

D2 D3

PRN ➤

LINE

➤ EX ➤

In the Overdrive position the manual valve routes line pressure into the D4 fluid circuit. The manual valve also blocks line pressure from entering the PRN fluid circuit and opens the PRN fluid circuit to exhaust.

3RD CL/LO-1ST

MANUAL VALVE

EX ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤

1a
#3

DECREASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

63

OVERDRIVE RANGE – SECOND GEAR
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3b INPUT SPRAG (722) OVERRUNNING 3a INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED 5 REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) DRIVEN 4 REACTION SUN GEAR (678) HELD 3 REACTION INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 4a 4b FORWARD 1/2 SUPPORT BAND ROLLER (688) CLUTCH 6 APPLIED ASSEMBLY POWER TO (683) FINAL DRIVE HOLDING (700)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - SECOND GEAR
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL OFF 2-3 SHIFT SOL ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

HOLDING APPLIED

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

*

➤ ➤

➤➤

As the speed of the vehicle increases, input signals from the vehicle speed sensor (VSS), throttle position sensor (TPS) and other sensors are sent to the powertrain control module (PCM). The PCM uses this information to manage engine torque as the transaxle shifts from first to second gear. In Overdrive Range Second Gear, the planetary gear sets continue to operate in reduction but at a gear ratio of 1.57:1.
1 Power from Torque Converter

➤ ➤

➤ ➤
INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT SPRAG (722) OVERRUNNING 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

*
SECOND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506) INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) DRIVEN 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) HELD

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) HELD

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) HOLDING


FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

64

Figure 60



PARKING GEAR (696) FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input shaft and housing assembly (632), transmits engine torque to the housing and forces it to rotate.
2 Second Clutch Applied

The second clutch plates (624), splined onto the input housing hub, redirect the power flow into the 2nd clutch assembly (617627).
3 Reaction Internal Gear Driving

The reverse reaction drum (669) splined to the 2nd clutch housing (617) on one end and the reaction internal gear at the other end, transfers the power to the gear sets. The reaction internal gear is part of the input carrier assembly (672).
3a Input Clutch Applied but Not Effective

Although the input clutch is applied, power through the input clutch plates (646-647) is terminated at the input sprag outer race (665) because it is overrunning.
3b Input Sprag Overrunning

Overrunning occurs as the input carrier pinion gears drive (rotate) the input sun gear (668) faster than the rotation of the input carrier assembly (672).
4 Reaction Sun Gear Held 4a Forward Band Applied

The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (683).
4b 1/2 Support Roller Clutch Assembly Holding

In Overdrive Range - First Gear, the direction of rotation of the reaction carrier assembly (675) forces the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) to try to rotate in the opposite direction. The 1/2 support roller clutch assembly (683) holds the 1/2 support outer race [part of the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678)], against this rotation thereby holding the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678).
5 Reaction Carrier Assembly Driven

The reaction internal gear, in mesh with the planet pinion gears in the reaction carrier assembly (675), forces the reaction carrier to rotate around the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678).
6 Power to Final Drive Assembly

The reaction carrier assembly, splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive differential through the final drive sun gear (697). Final drive is achieved.

NOTE: To minimize the amount of repetitive text, the remaining description of mechanical power flow from the final drive sun gear (697) to the drive axles is omitted as it is identical to first gear. As the speed of the vehicle increases, less torque multiplication is required to move the vehicle efficiently thus making it desirable to shift the transaxle to a lower gear ratio, or third gear.

64A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - SECOND GEAR
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL OFF 2-3 SHIFT SOL ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

OVERDRIVE RANGE – SECOND GEAR
2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

➤ ➤

HOLDING APPLIED

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

1 SECOND CLUTCH APPLIES 1a 1-2 Shift Solenoid:

1d
➤ ➤ ➤

PRN

LINE

LUBE

2ND CLUTCH

CONV FD

3b
LINE(from Pump)

LINE

1c #2 Ball Check Valve (Second Clutch Apply):

12

3RD

D4

➤ FWD SERVO ORIFICED EX

LINE

EX ➤

TORQUE SIG

2nd clutch fluid pressure applies the Second clutch to shift the transaxle into Second gear.
2 SHIFT ACCUMULATION 2a 1-2 Accumulator:

ACT FD LIM VALVE
EX
35

#2
➤ ➤

➤1-2,

3-4 SIG


25 26

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

1a
➤ ➤

21

LO-1ST

1

EX

3RD

EX➤

2-3 OFF SIG

VBS

REV

2b 1-2 Accumulator Valve:

ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid
EX


LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

7

TCC SIG

3a
2ND ➤
TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

2ND CLUTCH

APPLY

19

REL
➤ TCC CONTROL VALVE
EX ➤ ➤

LINE

EX

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

TORQ SIG

COOLER

3b 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve:

2a

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

1-2 ACCUM

2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve remains ON in Second gear. 2-3 signal fluid pressure keeps the 2-3 shift valve in the downshifted position.

2ND CLUTCH

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 90

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

64B

Figure 61

2nd clutch fluid is routed to the TCC control PWM solenoid. Under normal operating conditions, the TCC control PWM solenoid is OFF in Second gear and blocks 2nd clutch fluid from entering the TCC signal (PWM) fluid circuit. However, TCC apply could vary depending on vehicle application and may be calibrated to apply in Overdrive Range - Second Gear.

TCC REG APPLY

32

TCC REG APPLY LINE ➤
EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

3a TCC Control - Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) Solenoid:

➤ EX

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

TORQUE SIGNAL

FORWARD BAND SERVO

FORWARD SERVO

3 Torque Converter Clutch Released

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

EX

D3

TORQUE SIGNAL

LO/1ST GEAR

D2

CONV FD

;;
E AS LE RE

TFP SWITCH

1-2 accumulator fluid forced from the 1-2 accumulator is routed back to the 1-2 accumulator valve. This pressure forces the 1-2 accumulator valve against spring force and torque signal fluid pressure to regulate the exhaust of excess accumulator fluid. This regulation provides additional control for the second clutch apply. Figure 38 shows the exhaust of accumulator fluid during the shift by the arrow directions in the accumulator fluid circuit.

LO D4

#10

33

D2

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

LINE

D3

D4

LINE

EX

2ND LO/1ST GEAR LINE ➤

3-2 MAN DS

3

LINE

13

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

2ND

1b

3RD

2nd clutch fluid is also routed to the 1-2 accumulator piston. 2nd clutch fluid pressure, in addition to 1-2 assist spring force, moves the piston against spring force and 1-2 accumulator fluid pressure. This action absorbs initial 2nd clutch fluid pressure to cushion the second clutch apply. The movement of the 1-2 accumulator piston forces some accumulator fluid out of the accumulator.

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LO D4 ➤

D4


2-3 OFF SIGNAL 2-3 SIGNAL
➤ ➤

2-3 SIGNAL

AUX INPUT CL FD 2-1 MAN SERVO

ACTUATOR FD

2ND CL

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

D3

4-3 MDS

LINE

D4

2b

D2

1d Second Clutch:

EX

1c

31

INPUT CL ➤

2nd fluid seats the #2 ball check valve, and is then forced through the #25 orifice and feeds the 2nd clutch fluid circuit. The orifice helps control the apply feel of the second clutch.

LINE

LINE

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

FWD SERVO

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

29

FWD BST

With 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure exhausted, spring force moves the valve into the upshifted position and D4 fluid is routed into the 2nd fluid circuit. D4 fluid also continues to the TFP Val. Position Sw..

EX

LO

17

EX

N.O.

ON

EX

#6

D4

➤ ➤

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

1b 1-2 Shift Valve:

16

15


30

2-3 Shift Solenoid

D4

LO-1ST

14

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

INPUT CLUTCH

PRN REV PRN

LINE PRESSURE TAP

D2 D3 LINE

LINE

PRN

D4

EX

Note: Filtered actuator feed fluid continues to feed the 1-2, 34 signal fluid circuit through orifice #1. However, the exhaust port through the solenoid is larger than orifice #1 to prevent a pressure increase in the 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid circuit.

MANUAL VALVE

EX

The normally open shift solenoid is de-energized and 1-2, 34 signal fluid exhausts through the open solenoid.
➤ ➤

LO

As vehicle speed increases and operating conditions become appropriate, the PCM de-energizes the 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid to shift the transaxle into Second gear. The manual valve remains in the Overdrive D position and line pressure is routed into the D4 fluid circuit.

3RD CL/LO-1ST LUBE

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

#3

DECREASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

65

OVERDRIVE RANGE – THIRD GEAR
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2a 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3a 3RD CLUTCH APPLIED 3b 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (720) HOLDING 3 INPUT SUNGEAR (668) DRIVING 2 INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVING 4 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVEN 4a FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED 4b 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER 5 CLUTCH POWER TO ASSEMBLY FINAL DRIVE (683) (700) OVERRUNNING

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL OFF 2-3 SHIFT SOL OFF 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN FORWARD BAND *

APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

➤ ➤

3RD CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (720) HOLDING

INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

SECOND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVEN 1/2 SUPPORT DRUM (687) HELD

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVING


REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) OVERRUNNING FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

66

Figure 62

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

As the speed of the vehicle increases, input signals from the vehicle speed sensor (VSS), throttle position sensor (TPS) and other sensors are sent to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The PCM uses this information to manage engine torque as the transaxle shifts from second to third gear. In Third Gear, both planetary gear sets rotate at the same speed providing for a 1:1 gear ratio to the final drive differential (700).
1 Power from Torque Converter

The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input shaft and housing assembly (632) transmits engine torque to the housing and forces it to rotate.
2 Input Carrier Assembly Driving 2a 2nd Clutch Applied

The 2nd clutch is applied and directs power flow through the reverse reaction drum (669) to the input carrier assembly (672).
3 Input Sun Gear Driving 3a 3rd Clutch Applied

The 3rd clutch is also applied directing power flow to the 3rd clutch plates (645-648).
3b 3rd Sprag Clutch Holding

The 3rd clutch plates (645-648), splined onto the 3rd sprag clutch outer race (653), force the sprag elements to hold input and 3rd clutch sprag inner race (661). The input and 3rd clutch sprag inner race (661), splined to the input sun gear (668), holds the sun gear and forces it to rotate at the same speed as the input shaft and housing assembly (632).
4 Input Internal Gear Driven

With the input carrier assembly (672) being driven by the reverse reaction drum (669) and the input sun gear (668), the input internal gear, which is part of the reaction carrier (675), is forced to rotate at the same speed and direction of rotation. Therefore, reduction through the gear set does not exist.
4a Forward Band Applied

The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1/2 support roller clutch inner race (687).
PARKING GEAR (696)

4b 1/2 Support Roller Clutch Assembly Overruns

The reaction carrier pinion gears are in mesh with the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) and force it to rotate at the same speed and direction of rotation as the gear sets. The 1/2 support roller clutch outer race overruns because it is part of the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678).
5 Power to Final Drive Assembly

The input internal gear/reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive sun gear (697) which is splined to the other end of the sun gear shaft. In Overdrive Range - Third Gear, letting up on the throttle will allow engine rpm to drop as the vehicle continues to move at approximately the same speed. This results in loss of torque to the 3rd sprag clutch inner race (661) and allows the input carrier assembly (672) and roller clutch to freewheel. In this situation, engine compression braking is not obtainable. In Overdrive Range - Third Gear, the transaxle is operating in a direct 1:1 gear ratio between converter turbine speed and the final drive sun gear (697) speed.

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is required to operate the engine efficiently therefore making it desirable to shift to an overdrive ratio.

66A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL OFF 2-3 SHIFT SOL OFF 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN FORWARD BAND

OVERDRIVE RANGE – THIRD GEAR
2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING

*

1 THIRD CLUTCH APPLIES 1a 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve:

1b 2-3 Shift Valve:

PRN

LINE

14

LUBE


3RD CL/LO-1ST

2ND CLUTCH

CONV FD

LINE

TORQUE SIG

LINE 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL 3RD

3RD CLUTCH

LINE

2ND

2-3 SIGNAL

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD AUX IN FD ➤ 2-1 MAN SER

LO-1ST

1f 3-4 Shift Valve:

ACTUATOR FD

#4
➤ ➤

FWD SERVO ORIFICED EX

2ND CL

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

LO-1ST

1

➤ ➤ ➤

2 SHIFT ACCUMULATION 2a 2-3 Accumulator:

D2

VBS

REV

ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid

LO D4

EX➤

#10
➤ ➤

33

EX

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX EX ➤
7

3RD CLUTCH

LO/1ST GEAR

TCC SIG

EX

APPLY

2ND ➤

2ND CLUTCH

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

CONV FD

19

D3

TFP SWITCH

EX

EX

REL
➤ TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

TORQUE SIGNAL

LINE

3 INPUT CLUTCH RELEASES

3a TFP Valve Position Switch:

Release fluid pressure routed to the TFP Valve Position Switch signals the PCM that the TCC is released.
Torque Converter Clutch:

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

➤ ➤

2ND CLUTCH

Under normal operating conditions the TCC is released in Third gear. However, TCC apply could vary depending on vehicle application and may be calibrated to apply in Overdrive Range - Third Gear.
COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 92

3RD CLUTCH

2a
2-3 ACCUMULATOR
➤ ➤

66B

Figure 63

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

FORWARD SERVO

2-3 ACCUM

In third gear the input clutch is released allowing input clutch apply fluid to exhaust through the 3-4 shift valve, into the input clutch feed passage. At the 2-3 shift valve, exhausting input clutch apply fluid is directed into the D3 passage and out the manual valve.

TCC REG APPLY

32

TORQ SIG

TCC SIG (PWM)

EX

11

EX
5

1-2 ACCUM

TCC REG APPLY LINE ➤

2-3 ACCUM

EX

COOLER

TORQ SIG

3a

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

TORQUE SIGNAL 2-3 ACCUMULATOR FORWARD BAND SERVO

;;
E AS LE RE

LINE

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

Excess 2-3 accumulator fluid is routed back to the 2-3 accumulator valve. This fluid pressure moves the accumulator valve against spring force and torque signal fluid pressure to regulate the exhaust of excess accumulator fluid. This regulation provides additional control for the third clutch apply. Figure 38 shows the exhaust of accumulator fluid during the shift by the arrow directions in the accumulator fluid circuit.

D2

2b 2-3 Accumulator Valve:

LINE

D3 ➤

D4 LINE

LINE

3

EX

3rd clutch fluid is also routed to the 2-3 accumulator piston. This fluid pressure moves the piston against spring force and 2-3 accumulator fluid pressure. This action absorbs initial 3rd clutch fluid pressure to cushion the third clutch apply. The movement of the 2-3 accumulator piston forces some accumulator fluid out of the accumulator.

EX

EX➤

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

3RD

➤ ➤

3RD 2-3 OFF SIGNAL
➤ ➤ ➤

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LO D4 ➤

D4

24

28

D4

21

➤ ➤

SERVO

3rd fluid is also routed to the 3-4 shift valve in preparation for a 3-4 upshift.

#9
➤ ➤

1c

2-3 SIGNAL ➤
➤ ➤

2ND LO/1ST GEAR LINE ➤

3RD

3rd clutch/lo-1st fluid pressure applies the third clutch and the transaxle shifts into Third gear.

25

D4

D3

EX

EX ➤

35

26

3RD

1e Third Clutch:

EX

31

22

ACT FD LIM VALVE

#2
➤ ➤

1d

INPUT CL

3RD
➤ ➤ ➤

Located in the case cover, the #4 ball check valve routes 3rd clutch fluid into the 3rd clutch/lo-1st circuit and blocks it from entering the lo 1st circuit.

LINE

LINE

1f

1d #4 Ball Check Valve (Lo 1st/3rd Clutch Lo-1st):

12

LINE(from Pump)

FWD SERVO

Located in the valve body, 3rd fluid pressure seats the #9 ball check valve and 3rd fluid is forced through the #24 orifice into the 3rd clutch fluid circuit. The orifice helps control the third clutch apply.

EX

29

D4

1a

FWD BST

17

EX

N.O.

OFF

EX

#6


LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

1c #9 Ball Check Valve (Third Clutch Apply/Release):

16

15

30

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

D4

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

13

LINE

2-3 SHIFT VALVE

LINE

LO-1ST

➤ 2-3

SIGNAL

LINE

INPUT CLUTCH

PRN REV PRN

LINE PRESSURE TAP

D2 D3 LINE

LINE

PRN

D4

EX

With 2-3 signal fluid exhausting, Line fluid pressure move the 2-3 shift valve against spring force to initiate the 2-3 upshift. D4 fluid is routed through the valve and into the 3rd fluid circuit.

MANUAL VALVE

EX ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

The normally open shift solenoid valve is de-energized by the PCM and allows 2-3 signal fluid to exhaust.

LO

LUBE

As vehicle speed increases and operating conditions become appropriate, the PCM de-energizes the 2-3 shift solenoid valve to shift the transaxle into Third gear. The manual valve remains in the Overdrive D position and line pressure continues to feed the D4 fluid circuit.

3RD CL/LO-1ST

1e

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

INPUT CL ➤

➤ ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

#3

DECREASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

D2
4-3 MDS

➤ ➤
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

3-2 MAN DS

1b

➤ ➤

2b

6

➤ ➤

67

OVERDRIVE RANGE – FOURTH GEAR
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 3a 4TH CLUTCH APPLIED 2 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (720) OVERRUNNING 4 INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVING 3 INPUT SUNGEAR (668) HELD 5 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVEN 4a FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED 4b 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) OVERRUNNING 5 POWER TO FINAL DRIVE (700)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON 2-3 SHIFT SOL OFF 4TH CLUTCH APPLIED REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH * 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN FORWARD BAND *

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

*

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

3RD CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

*

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (720) OVERRUNNING

INPUT INPUT SPRAG SUN CLUTCH GEAR ASSEMBLY (668) HELD

DRIVEN SPROCKET (506) 4TH CLUTCH APPLIED

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

SECOND CLUTCH APPLIED

4TH CLUTCH SHAFT ASSEMBLY (504) HELD INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVEN FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) 1/2 SUPPORT DRUM (687) HELD

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVING

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) OVERRUNNING

FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

68

Figure 64

As the speed of the vehicle increases, input signals from the VSS, TPS and other sensors are sent to the PCM. The PCM uses this information to determine the precise moment to shift the transaxle into Fourth Gear. In Fourth Gear, the input carrier assembly (672) provides an overdrive ratio of .71:1 through the gear set to the final drive differential (700).
1 Power from Torque Converter

The driven sprocket (506), splined to the input shaft and housing assembly (632) transmits torque to the housing and forces it to rotate.
2 2nd Clutch Applied

With the 2nd clutch applied, power flow is directed through the reverse reaction drum (669) to the input carrier assembly (672), as previous described in Third Gear range.
3 Input Sun Gear Held 3a 4th Clutch Applied

The 4th clutch plates (500-502) are splined to the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) and to the case cover (400). When the 4th clutch applies, it holds the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) and the input sun gear (668) which is splined to the 4th clutch shaft.
4 Input Carrier Assembly Driving

The input carrier assembly (672) rotates around the stationary input sun gear (668).
4 Input Internal Gear Driven

The input carrier pinion gears force the input internal gear/ reaction carrier assembly (675) to rotate in the same direction but, at a faster speed.
4a Forward Band Applied

The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1/2 support roller clutch inner race (687).
4b 1/2 Support Roller Clutch Assembly Overruns

The reaction carrier pinion gears are in mesh with the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678) and force it to rotate at the same speed and direction of rotation as the gear sets. The 1/2 support roller clutch outer race overruns because it is part of the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678).
PARKING GEAR (696)

5 Power to Final Drive Assembly

The reaction carrier assembly (675), splined to the final drive sun gear shaft (689), provides the power flow to the final drive sun gear (697) which is splined to the other end of the final drive sun gear shaft (689). In fourth and third gear overdrive ranges, the forward band is applied only for preparation for a downshift into second gear, which will make the shift timing easier having this component already applied.

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)

68A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR
(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON 2-3 SHIFT SOL OFF 4TH CLUTCH APPLIED REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH * 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN FORWARD BAND *

OVERDRIVE RANGE – FOURTH GEAR
4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609) 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

1d

1 4TH CLUTCH APPLIED 1a 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve:

LO

PRN

LINE

2ND CLUTCH

17

EX

1d 4th Clutch:

3RD

4th clutch fluid pressure is routed to the 3-4 accumualtor and then to the 4th clutch apply piston.
TORQUE SIG

EX

31



25

3RD
➤ ➤


22

ACT FD LIM VALVE
EX EX ➤ ➤
35

#2
➤ ➤

INPUT CLUTCH

D4

LINE ➤ 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL 3RD

2ND CL

CL

LINE

2ND

LO-1ST

ACTUATOR FD

3RD CLUTCH

#4
➤ ➤

FWD SERVO ORIFICED EX

➤ 4TH

2-1 MAN SERVO

D4

D4

LO-1ST



1

28


1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL ➤

D2

VBS

REV

ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid
EX

LO D4

#10

33

EX

EX

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX ➤
7

LINE

D3

4TH CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

LO/1ST GEAR

4TH CLUTCH

EX

APPLY

TORQUE SIGNAL

TCC REG APPLY
EX
18

32

➤ ➤

8

3RD CLUTCH

2-3 ACCUM


➤ ➤

2ND CLUTCH

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 94

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

3-4 ACCUMULATOR

68B

Figure 65

2-3 ACCUMULATOR

➤➤

4TH CLUTCH ➤

3-4 ACCUM

4TH CL➤

4TH CL

1-2 ACCUMULATOR


2-3 ACCUM

2a

FORWARD SERVO

TORQUE SIGNAL

3-4 ACCUMULATOR

3-4 ACCUM

11

EX
5

TORQUE SIGNAL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR

FORWARD BAND SERVO

➤ ➤

1-2 ACCUM

EX

TCC REG APPLY LINE ➤

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL

10

3-4 ACCUM

EX

EX

COOLER

When conditions are appropriate, the PCM energizes the TCC control (PWM) solenoid to initiate the TCC apply. The solenoid is Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) to provide a smooth TCC apply. (See Overdrive Range – Fourth Gear TCC Released & Applied pages 70-71.)

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

2ND CLUTCH

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

CONV FD
19

REL
TCC CONTROL VALVE
EX

;;
D3
E AS LE RE

2ND

TFP SWITCH
➤ ➤

EX

EX
➤ ➤

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

2b
➤ ➤

TORQUE CONVERTER CLUTCH APPLIED TCC Control (PWM) Solenoid:


LINE

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

TORQ SIG

LINE
9

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

D2

D4 LINE

LINE

3


6

2-3 ACCUM

EX

3-4 accumulator fluid forced from the 3-4 accumulator is routed back to the 3-4 accumulator valve. This pressure forces the 3-4 accumulator valve against spring force and torque signal fluid pressure to regulate the exhaust of excess accumulator fluid. This regulation provides additional control for the 4th clutch apply. Figure 37 shows the exhaust of accumulator fluid during the shift by the arrow directions in the accumulator fluid circuit.

1-2 SHIFT VALVE
EX

➤ ➤


2-3 OFF SIGNAL

2b 3-4 Accumulator Valve:

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON
EX

3RD


3RD

➤ ➤

2ND LO/1ST GEAR LINE ➤

4th clutch fluid, routed to the 3-4 accumulator moves the piston against spring force and 3-4 accumulator fluid pressure. This action absorbs initial 4th clutch fluid pressure to cushion the 4th clutch apply. The movement of the 3-4 accumulator piston forces some accumulator fluid out of the accumulator.

EX

2 SHIFT ACCUMULATION 2a 3-4 Accumulator:

➤ ➤

D3

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

26


1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL ➤ LO D4 ➤

21


4TH CL

➤ ➤

24

3RD

13

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS

2-3 SIGNAL
➤ ➤
➤ ➤

1a

1b

#9
➤ ➤

IN CL FD

1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure moves the valve against spring force and into the Fourth gear position. 3rd fluid is routed into the 4th clutch fluid circuit.

LINE

LINE(from Pump)
➤ ➤

12


LINE

LINE

1c
AUX INPUT CL FD D2
4-3 MDS

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1c 3-4 Shift Valve:

CONV FD

FWD BST

D4

1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure does not affect the 1-2 shift valve. Spring force and 2-3 off signal fluid pressure keep the 1-2 shift valve in the upshifted position.


EX

N.O.

OFF

EX

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

30

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

3RD CL/LO-1ST

16

15

LUBE

1b 1-2 Shift Valve:

LO-1ST

14

2-3 SIGNAL

D4 #6

29

4TH CL

LINE

FWD SERVO

PRN REVERSE
➤ ➤ ➤

LINE PRESSURE TAP

D2 D3 LINE

LINE

PRN

D4

EX ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

The normally open shift solenoid is energized by the PCM and blocks 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid from exhausting. 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure is routed to both the 1-2 and 3-4 shift valves.

MANUAL VALVE

EX ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

LUBE




When operating conditions are appropriate, the PCM energizes the 1-2, 3-4 shift solenoid valve to shift the transaxle into Fourth gear. In addition, the TCC is applied in Fourth gear (see the following pages for details of TCC apply). The manual valve remains in the Overdrive position and line pressure continues to feed the D4 fluid circuit.

➤ ➤ ➤

3RD CL/LO-1ST

1 2 D D NR

P

DECREASE

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤


69

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR
(Torque Converter Clutch from Release to Applied)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR
(Torque Converter Clutch from Released to Applied)
When the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) determines that the engine and transaxle are operating properly to engage the Torque Converter Clutch (TCC), the PCM energizes the TCC control (PWM) solenoid. The following events occur in order to apply the torque converter clutch: OFF At this time the Torque Converter Clutch is considered to be disengaged (OFF). PCM decision to apply TCC (see page 47, in the Electrical Components section, for more information). Stage 1 The PCM pulses the TCC control (PWM) solenoid to approximately 22% duty cycle from point S to point A. 2nd fluid at the TCC control (PWM) solenoid is “pulsed” into the TCC Signal (PWM) fluid circuit. The TCC Signal (PWM) fluid pressure at point A is strong enough to move the TCC control valve against the spring. With the TCC Control valve in the apply position, Release fluid can exhaust. This stage is designed to move the TCC Control valve from the released to the applied position; there is not enough pressure to apply the TCC. Stage 2 The TCC control (PWM) solenoid duty cycle is ramped up from point A to point B to approximately 98%. TCC signal (PWM) fluid pressure passes through orifice #18 and is now strong enough to move the TCC regulator apply valve against spring force. Line pressure from the pump enters the TCC Regulated Apply circuit at the TCC Regulator Valve. TCC Regulated Apply fluid is routed through the TCC Regulator Valve and through the TCC Control Valve into the Apply circuit. The pressure value in the Regulated Apply circuit should now be high enough to fully apply the TCC pressure plate. Slip speed should be at the correct value (near “0”). In vehicles equipped with the Electronically Controlled Clutch Capacity (ECCC) system, the pressure plate does not fully lock to the torque converter cover. It is instead precisely controlled to maintain a small amount of slippage between the engine and the turbine, reducing driveline torsional disturbances. Stage 3 Now the Regulated Apply pressure is increased. This is caused by the TCC control (PWM) solenoid duty cycle being increased from point B to point C, to approximately 98%. This extra pressure ensures that the apply force on the TCC pressure plate is not at the slip threshold, but a little above it. TCC plate material is therefore protected from damage due to slippage.

PERCENT DUTY CYCLE

100% 75 50 25 0 A S STAGE 1 TCC APPLY FLUID PRESSURE

➤ TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

LOW/1ST GEAR

COOLER

LO

REV

;; ;; ;; ;
APPLY
19

2ND ➤

CONV FD

REL

TCC CONTROL VALVE
➤ EX

TIME

TCC APPLY & RELEASE
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

TCC REG APPLY LINE

D4

RELEASE ➤ APPLY

D2

TCC REG APPLY
EX
18

32

D3

TFP SWITCH

STAGE 1 (S - A)

RELEASE ➤ APPLY

PERCENT DUTY CYCLE

➤ TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX

19

50 25 0 A S

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

REL


TCC APPLY FLUID PRESSURE TIME

TCC CONTROL VALVE
➤ EX

LOW/1ST GEAR

COOLER

LO

REV

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TCC REG APPLY

D4

RELEASE ➤ APPLY

LINE
32

D2

EX

18

TCC REG APPLY
➤ ➤

D3

PERCENT DUTY CYCLE

➤ TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX

APPLY

2ND ➤

CONV FD

19

75 50 25 0 A S TCC APPLY FLUID PRESSURE

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

EX

LOW/1ST GEAR

COOLER

TCC APPLY & RELEASE

LO

TCC REG APPLY
➤ ➤

RELEASE APPLY

EX

18

TCC REG APPLY
➤ ➤

32

D3

70

Figure 66

STAGE 3 (B - C)

RELEASE APPLY

TFP SWITCH

LINE

D4

REV

D2

; ;;

TCC CONTROL VALVE

REL

TIME

100%

STAGE 3

C B

STAGE 2 (A - B)

RELEASE ➤ APPLY

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (55)

TFP SWITCH

TCC APPLY & RELEASE

;; ;;; ;;;
APPLY
➤ ➤ ➤

75

B

2ND ➤

CONV FD

100%

STAGE 2

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (55)

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (55)

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TCC Release Switch The Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) release switch is part of the Automatic Transmission Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch (TFP Val. Position SW.) that is mounted to the valve body. The switch is a normally closed switch. The purpose of the switch is to provide a signal to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) that the TCC is released. This is accomplished by the Release fluid pressure acting on the switch contact and opening the circuit. When the voltage is high, the PCM recognizes that the TCC is not engaged. When the release fluid pressure is low, the switch is in the normally closed state, signaling that the TCC is in the engaged position.

➤ ➤

70A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR
(Torque Converter Clutch from Applied to Released)
When the TCC pressure plate is applied, it is held against the torque converter cover. Since it is splined to the converter turbine hub, it provides a mechanical coupling (direct drive) of the engine to the transaxle gear sets. This mechanical coupling eliminates the small amount of slippage that occurs in the fluid coupling of a torque converter, resulting in a more efficient transfer of engine torque through the transaxle and to the drive wheels. ON At this time the Torque Converter Clutch is considered to be engaged (ON). PCM decision to release TCC (see page 47, in the Electrical Components section, for more information). Stage 4 During this stage, the apply pressure from the TCC Regulator valve is decreased by the TCC control (PWM) solenoid duty cycle dropping from point D to point E, to approximately 60%. Spring force pushes the valve back and closes off the flow of line fluid feeding the TCC Regulated Apply circuit. This reduces the apply force on the TCC pressure plate to the slip threshold. This gets the TCC pressure plate ready for a smooth release. Stage 5 The TCC control (PWM) solenoid duty cycle is ramped down from point E to point F through this stage. This action allows the TCC Regulated Apply pressure to start at the slip threshold, and decrease to near “0” pressure over a very short time to point F. The Regulated Apply pressure value from the TCC Regulator valve at this duty cycle (point F) should fully release the TCC pressure plate. Slip speed should be at the maximum value. Stage 6 The PCM pulses the TCC control (PWM) solenoid to a value of “0”. Now the TCC Control valve returns to the released position (away from the spring). Release fluid is now directed back to the torque converter. This stage is designed to move the TCC Control valve to the released position. OFF At this time the Torque Converter Clutch is considered to be disengaged (OFF). Release fluid pressure also opens the normally closed TCC release switch located in the Automatic Transmission Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch (TFP Val. Position Sw.). The switch sends a signal to the PCM that the TCC is released. If the switch does not open, the PCM will command the TCC ON in 2nd, 3rd and 4th gears with 100% duty cycle to the TCC control (PWM) solenoid. Also a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) P0742 will set and the PCM will illuminate the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL). The DTC P0742 will then be stored in PCM history and the PCM will freeze shift adapts from being updated. If the PCM detects an illegal combination on any range inputs (OFF, OFF, OFF or OFF, OFF, ON) then DTC P1810 will set. DTC P1810 is Transmission Fluid Presure Manual Valve Position Switch circuit malfunction. (Some PCM calibrations may allow stages 4 - 6 to happen very rapidly in almost a straight line down from point D to point G.)

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR
(Torque Converter Clutch from Applied to Release)

PERCENT DUTY CYCLE

100% 75

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX

19

50 25 0 A S

REL

TCC APPLY FLUID PRESSURE TIME

TCC CONTROL VALVE
EX

LOW/1ST GEAR

COOLER

TCC APPLY & RELEASE
LO REV

EX

18

TCC REG APPLY
➤ ➤

32

PERCENT DUTY CYCLE

100% 75

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

EX

TCC CONTROL VALVE
➤ EX

LOW/1ST GEAR

COOLER

LO

REV

EX

18

TCC REG APPLY
➤ ➤

D3
➤ ➤

PERCENT DUTY CYCLE

➤ ➤

100% 75

C B

D

APPLY

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

EX ➤

➤ ➤

TCC CONTROL VALVE

EX

LOW/1ST GEAR

COOLER

REV

LO

EX

18

TCC REG APPLY

32

RELEASE APPLY ➤

LINE

D2


D3
➤ ➤

TFP SWITCH

STAGE 6 (F - G)

RELEASE


➤ ➤

APPLY

70B

Figure 67

; ;

TCC REG APPLY

D4


TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid

2ND ➤

CONV FD
19

;;; ;; ;; ;

50 25 0 A S

REL

TCC APPLY FLUID PRESSURE

F

TIME

TCC APPLY & RELEASE

STAGE 6


E

STAGE 5 (E - F)

RELEASE

APPLY

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (55)

➤ ➤ ➤

; ;

TCC REG APPLY

D4

RELEASE APPLY

LINE
32

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid

;; ;;; ;; ;; ;
APPLY
➤ ➤
19

C B

D

2ND ➤

CONV FD REL

E 50 25 0 A S TCC APPLY FLUID PRESSURE

STAGE 5 F TIME

TCC APPLY & RELEASE

D2

TFP SWITCH

STAGE 4 (D - E)

RELEASE APPLY

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ; ;;;; ;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;; ;;;; ; ;;;;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;;;; ;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;;
TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (55)

➤ ➤

D3

TFP SWITCH

;

TCC REG APPLY LINE

RELEASE APPLY

D4

D2

;; ; ;; ;
APPLY
➤ ➤

2ND ➤

CONV FD

E


➤ ➤

C B

D STAGE 4

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (55)

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

71

72

OVERDRIVE RANGE - 4-3 DOWNSHIFT
(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL OFF 2-3 SHIFT SOL OFF 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN FORWARD BAND *

OVERDRIVE RANGE – 4-3 DOWNSHIFT
4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609) 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617) INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

LO

LINE

PRN

LINE


2ND CLUTCH

EX

17

EX

CONV FD

INPUT CLUTCH

2 4TH CLUTCH RELEASES

D4

D3

EX

EX ➤

TORQUE SIG

LINE ➤ 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL 3RD

2ND CL

CL

2ND

LO-1ST

➤ 4TH

D4

2a
➤ ➤

1

D4

LO-1ST

2c 3-4 Accumulator:

D2

VBS

2d 3-4 Accumulator Valve:

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL

REV

ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid

EX

4TH CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

LO/1ST GEAR

4TH CLUTCH

LINE

APPLY

TORQUE SIGNAL

The PCM commands TCC release prior to initiating a 4-3 downshift. When the TCC is in the release position release fluid pressure is routed to the TFP Valve Position Switch. This fluid pressure signals the PCM that the TCC is in the release position. The TCC is not applied under normal operating conditions in Third gear (except for some applications).
3-2 and 2-1 DOWNSHIFTS

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

2ND ➤

2ND CLUTCH

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

REL

EX

➤ TCC

REG APPLY ➤ LINE ➤

32

➤ ➤ ➤

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL 1-2 ACCUM

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

EX

10

3-4 ACCUM
EX
8

EX

COOLER

TCC REG APPLY

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

2-3 ACCUM

3RD CLUTCH

2-3 ACCUM

2ND CLUTCH

➤ ➤ ➤

4TH CL➤

3-4 ACCUM

4TH CLUTCH

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

2-3 ACCUMULATOR

72

Figure 68

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 96

3-4 ACCUMULATOR

4TH CL

2c

FORWARD SERVO

Refer to the Manual range explanations for a description of the 3-2 and 2-1 downshifts with respect to the clutches releasing.

➤ EX

18

3-4 ACCUMULATOR TORQUE SIGNAL

3-4 ACCUM

11

EX
5

TORQUE CONVERTER CLUTCH

EX

CONV FD
19

➤ TCC CONTROL VALVE ➤

;;
D3
E AS LE RE

TFP SWITCH

EX

TORQ SIG EX

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

2d
➤ ➤

TORQUE SIGNAL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR

FORWARD BAND SERVO

1a


4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

D2

7

The accumulator valve regulates line pressure into the 3-4 accumulator fluid circuit to fill the 3-4 accumulator. This regulation is basically controlled by torque signal fluid pressure. Increased torque signal fluid pressure regulates accumulator fluid to a higher pressure.

LO D4

#10
➤ ➤

33

EX

EX

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

LINE

D3

D4 LINE

LINE

3

EX

4th clutch fluid exhausts through and from the accumulator. Spring force and 3-4 accumulator fluid pressure move the accumulator piston to the Third gear position.

EX

EX➤

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

3RD

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD 2-3 OFF SIGNAL

2ND LO/1ST GEAR LINE ➤

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL➤ LO D4 ➤

24 28

21

4TH CL

➤ ➤

3RD

13

2-1 MAN SERVO

1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure exhausts from the 3-4 shift valve and spring force moves the valve into the Third gear position. This opens the 4th clutch fluid circuit to an orificed exhaust to help control the clutch release.

EX

2b 3-4 Shift Valve:

LINE

ACTUATOR FD

3RD CLUTCH

#4
➤ ➤

FWD SERVO ORIFICED EX

35

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

26

#9
➤ ➤

IN CL FD

The PCM de-energizes the normally open solenoid and 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid exhausts.

25

3RD

2a 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve:

EX

31

3RD
➤ ➤

ACT FD LIM VALVE

#2
➤ ➤

Increased torque signal fluid pressure acting on the line reverse boost valve increases line pressure at the pressure regulator valve.

1b

LINE

LINE(from Pump)
➤ ➤

12

LINE

LINE


22

AUX INPUT CL FD D2
4-3 MDS

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

1b Pressure Regulator Valve:

FWD BST

N.O.

D4

OFF

EX

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

30

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

3RD CL/LO-1ST

16

15

LUBE

LO-1ST

14

2-3 SIGNAL

D4 #6

29

During the downshift, except for a coastdown, the PCM senses the increase in throttle position or engine load and decreases the PC Sol. Valve duty cycle. The decrease in duty cycle increases output fluid pressure from the PC Sol. Valve, thereby increasing torque signal fluid pressure at the torque signal regulator valve.

4TH CL

LINE

FWD SERVO

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D4

1a Pressure Control Solenoid Valve (PC Sol. Valve):

LINE PRESSURE TAP

D2 D3 LINE

EX

1 LINE PRESSURE INCREASES

MANUAL VALVE

EX ➤ ➤

LUBE

When the transaxle is operating in Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear, a forced 4-3 downshift will occur if there is a significant increase in throttle position. At minimum throttle, vehicle speed will decrease gradually (coastdown) and the PCM will command a 4-3 downshift. The PCM will also initiate a 4-3 downshift if engine load is increased with throttle position remaining the same (for example, driving up a steep hill).

3RD CL/LO-1ST


➤ ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

DECREASE

➤ ➤

2b

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤
➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS

LINE
9


6

➤ ➤

2-3 ACCUM

73

MANUAL THIRD – THIRD GEAR
(From Overdrive Range – Fourth Gear)
8 POWER TO TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 7c 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 5a 5b 3RD 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH CLUTCH APPLIED (720) OVERRUNNING 5 INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH (722) HOLDING 2 3 6 4 INPUT INPUT INPUT INPUT CLUTCH CARRIER SUNGEAR INTERNAL GEAR APPLIED ASSEMBLY (668) DRIVING (672) DRIVEN DRIVING 4b 4a FORWARD 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER BAND CLUTCH (688) ASSEMBLY APPLIED (683) OVERRUNNING
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL @OFF

MANUAL THIRD - THIRD GEAR
(From Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear)
2-3 SHIFT SOL @OFF 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN FORWARD BAND *

APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE @The solenoid state follows a shift pattern which depends upon vehicle speed, throttle position and selected gear range *

1 POWER FROM FINAL DRIVE (700)

3RD CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG INPUT CLUTCH SUN (722) GEAR HOLDING (668) DRIVEN 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH (720) OVERRUNNING

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

Manual Third - Third gear (D) is available to the driver when vehicle operating conditions make it desirable to use only three gear ratios. Some of these conditions include city driving, where speeds are generally below 72 kmh (45 mph), towing a trailer, or driving in hilly terrain. Manual Third gear also provides for engine compression braking when descending slight grades and provides a direct drive ratio of 1:1 through the gear sets. When Manual Third range is selected, the transaxle can automatically upshift or downshift between first, second and third gears. However, the transaxle is prevented from shifting into fourth gear while operating in this mode. If the transaxle is in Overdrive Range - Fourth gear when Manual Third is selected for engine braking, the transaxle will shift immediately into third gear. The acceleration powerflow for Manual Third is the same as Overdrive Range Third gear except the input clutch is applied, therefore we will discuss and illustrate deceleration (engine braking). You will note that the powerflow is backwards from the powerflow in Overdrive Range Third gear, with power coming from the wheels and going to the torque converter. The manual shaft (807) and manual valve (404) are in the Manual Third (D) position. The 4th clutch plates (500-502) release allowing the 4th clutch hub & shaft assembly (504) to rotate at the same speed and direction as the input sun gear (668).
1 Power from the Wheels

SECOND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) HELD

PARKING GEAR (696)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVING

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)


REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) OVERRUNNING FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

74

Figure 69

➤ ➤


Power from the wheels travels through the final drive differential assembly to the final drive sun gear shaft.
2 Input Internal Gear Driving

Power continues to the input internal gear/reaction carrier assembly, which is splined to the final drive sun gear shaft.
3 Input Carrier Assembly Driving

The input internal gear which is in mesh with the input carrier planetary pinions, force the pinions to rotate. The rotating pinions drive the carrier.
4 Input Sun Gear Driven

The rotating input carrier pinions also drive the input sun gear which is splined to the inner hub of the input sprag.
5 Input Sprag Clutch Holding

During deceleration, the input torque, from the wheels to the gear set, tries to force the input sun gear (668) to rotate in a direction opposite to the input shaft and housing assembly (632). The input sprag clutch assembly prevents this from occurring by holding the input sun gear (668) and forcing it to rotate in the same direction and speed as the input housing. When this occurs, engine compression provides braking for the vehicle.
5a 3rd Sprag Clutch Overrunning

During deceleration, the 3rd sprag clutch overruns allowing the input sprag assembly to slow down the input sun gear (668).
5b 3rd Clutch Applied

The 3rd clutch is applied but, during decceleration the 3rd sprag clutch is overrunning, thus no power is transfered through the 3rd clutch plates.
6 Input Clutch Applied

The input clutch is also applied and transfers torque to the input housing through the input clutch plates.
7 2nd Clutch Applied

Power flows from the input carrier assembly (672) through the reverse reaction drum (669) to the 2nd clutch assembly which is applied and directs power to the input housing.
8 Power to Torque Converter

With two members of the same gear set driving, we have a 1:1 ratio through the gear sets and input housing to the torque converter for engine braking.

74A

MANUAL THIRD - THIRD GEAR
(From Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear)
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL @OFF 2-3 SHIFT SOL @OFF 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN FORWARD BAND *

MANUAL THIRD - THIRD GEAR
INPUT CL
➤ ➤
➤ ➤ ➤

APPLIED APPLIED OVERRUN APPLIED HOLDING

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE @The solenoid state follows a shift pattern which depends upon vehicle speed, throttle position and selected gear range

1a
LO
➤ ➤ ➤

LINE

2ND CLUTCH

CONV FD

LINE

25

3RD

D4

EX

EX ➤

TORQUE SIG

LINE ➤ 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL 3RD

2ND CL

LINE

2ND

LO-1ST

ACTUATOR FD

3RD CLUTCH

➤ 4TH

1d Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch Assembly (TFP Val. Position Sw.):

CL

#4
➤ ➤

FWD SERVO ORIFICED EX

35

D4

D4

LO-1ST



1


D2

LINE

EX

EX

EX

4TH CLUTCH

7

3RD CLUTCH

LO/1ST GEAR

4TH CLUTCH

2a 3-4 Shift Valve:
APPLY TCC SIGNAL (PWM) 2ND ➤


➤ ➤

EX

2ND CLUTCH

2b Input Clutch:

TORQUE SIGNAL

Input clutch fluid pressure applies the input clutch. With the input clutch applied, the input sprag clutch holds when output speed is greater than input speed, creating engine compression braking.
Accumulation is the same as 4-3 downshift. MANUAL THIRD – SECOND and FIRST GEARS

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

CONV FD
19

REL
TCC CONTROL VALVE
EX

TCC REG APPLY LINE ➤
TCC REG APPLY
EX
18 32

➤ ➤ ➤

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL 1-2 ACCUM

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

EX

10

3-4 ACCUM
EX
8

EX

COOLER


;;
D3
L RE
➤ ➤ ➤

TORQ SIG

EX

TFP SWITCH

EX

➤ ➤

3-4 ACCUMULATOR TORQUE SIGNAL

➤ ➤

3-4 ACCUM

11

EX
5

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

3RD CLUTCH

2-3 ACCUM

2ND CLUTCH


4TH CL➤

➤ ➤

3-4 ACCUM

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 98

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

2-3 ACCUMULATOR

3-4 ACCUMULATOR

74B

Figure 70

4TH CLUTCH

The transmission operates the same in Manual Third as in Overdrive Range with the exception of Fourth gear being prevented. The transaxle will upshift and downshift between First, Second and Third gears as in Overdrive range. However, engine compression braking is not available in Overdrive Range – Third, First and Second gears and the vehicle will coast when the throttle is released.

TORQUE SIGNAL

2-3 ACCUM 4TH CL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR FORWARD BAND SERVO

FORWARD SERVO

Input clutch feed fluid is routed through the 3-4 shift valve and into the input clutch fluid circuit.

LINE

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

1-2 ACCUM LINE
9

EX

2 INPUT CLUTCH APPLIES

TORQUE SIGNAL

D2

Note: The operating states for the shift solenoids follow normal operation, depending on vehicle driving conditions. Figure 44 shows the solenoids in the Third gear position.

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL

VBS

REV

ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid

EX

EX

LO D4

TORQUE SIG REG

D3

D4 LINE

LINE

3


6

2-3 ACCUM

EX

1d

#10

33

The PCM de-energizes the normally open solenoid and 1-2, 3-4 signal fluid exhausts through the solenoid. However, this does not have to occur to acheive a manual 4-3 downshift.

EX

EX➤

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

1e 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve:

3RD

➤ ➤
➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD 2-3 OFF SIGNAL


2ND LO/1ST GEAR LINE ➤

1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL➤ LO D4 ➤

24

21

28


2-3 SIGNAL

1e

2-1 MAN SERVO

D3 fluid is routed to the TFP Val. Position Sw. and the TFP Val. Position Sw. signals the PCM that the manual valve is in the Manual Third position.

EX

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

26

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

D3

#9
➤ ➤

IN CL FD

D3 fluid pressure assists spring force to move the valve to the Third gear position. This opens the 4th clutch fluid circuit to an orificed exhaust and the 4th clutch releases, thereby preventing Fourth gear.

EX

31

22

ACT FD LIM VALVE

#2
➤ ➤


3RD


INPUT CLUTCH


LINE

LINE

1c 3-4 Shift Valve:

2a

4TH CL


3RD

LINE
2-3 SHIFT VALVE

D3 fluid pressure enters the input clutch feed passage through the 2-3 shift valve and is directed to the 3-4 shift valve.

LINE(from Pump)

12


FWD SERVO

D3

1b 2-3 Shift Valve:

17

EX

FWD BST

D4

The manual valve moves into the Manual Third (D) position and line pressure enters the D3 fluid circuit.

EX

N.O.

OFF

D3

EX

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

1a Manual Valve:


3RD CL/LO-1ST

16

15

LUBE

LO-1ST

1 FOURTH GEAR HYDRAULICALLY PREVENTED

2-3 SIGNAL
30

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

D4 #6

14

PRN

29

LINE

LINE PRESSURE TAP
➤ ➤


D2 D3 LINE

LINE

#3

PRN REV

PRN

D4

EX ➤ ➤

4TH CL

MANUAL VALVE

EX

LUBE


➤ ➤ ➤

A manual 4-3 downshift is accomplished by moving the gear selector lever to the Manual Third (D) position. In Manual Third the transaxle is hydraulically prevented from upshifting into Fourth gear under any conditions. Also, the input clutch is applied and the input sprag clutch holds to provide engine compression braking instead of coasting. The following information explains the additional changes during a Manual 4-3 downshift as compared to a forced 4-3 downshift. Refer to Overdrive Range – 4-3 Downshift for a complete description of a 4-3 downshift.



3RD CL/LO-1ST

1a
1 2 D D NR P

DECREASE

➤ ➤ ➤

1c
AUX INP CL FD D2
4-3 MDS

➤ ➤

1b


13

➤ ➤

3-2 MAN DS

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

75

MANUAL SECOND – SECOND GEAR
(From Manual Third – Third Gear)
1 POWER TO TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 5 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 6a INPUT SPRAG (722) OVERRUNNING 6 INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED 2 REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) DRIVING 3 REACTION SUN GEAR (678) HELD 3a 2/1 BAND (680) APPLIED 4 REACTION INTERNAL GEAR DRIVEN 3b FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) HOLDING

MANUAL SECOND - SECOND GEAR
(From Manual Third - Third Gear)
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL @OFF 2-3 SHIFT SOL @ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH APPLIED 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH * INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

OVERRUN APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED

*

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE @The solenoid state follows a shift pattern which depends upon vehicle speed, throttle position and selected gear range *

5 POWER FROM FINAL DRIVE (700)

Manual Second – Second Gear (2) is available when vehicle operating conditions or road conditions make it desirable to use only two gear ratios. Some of these vehicle operating conditions include descending a steep grade (to provide engine compression braking) or, ascending a steep grade (for additional engine performance). When manual second gear range is selected, the transaxle will upshift and downshift between first, second and third gear but, it is prevented from shifting into fourth gear. If the transaxle is operating in Manual Third or Overdrive Range – Fourth gear when Manual Second is selected, the transaxle will shift immediately into second gear [below 113 kmh (70 mph)]. Power flow through the transaxle is the same as described in Overdrive Range - Second gear with the exception that the 2/1 band is applied, which allows the transmission to achieve engine braking during deceleration instead of coasting. The mechanical power flow graphics show the transfer of power through the components during deceleration. When selecting Manual Second to slow the vehicle, vehicle speed provides the input from the wheels through the transaxle and attempts to overrun engine speed (rpm). However, engine compression braking slows the vehicle when the 2/1 band is applied, resulting in a 1.57:1 gear ratio through the gear sets.
1 Power from the Wheels

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (722) OVERRUNNING 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

INPUT SUN GEAR (668)

REVERSE REACTION DRUM (669)

*
INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

SECOND CLUTCH APPLIED DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) HELD

PARKING GEAR (696)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672)

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) DRIVING

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) HELD

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697) 2/1 BAND (680) APPLIED 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) HOLDING


FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

*APPLIED BUT

NOT EFFECTIVE

76

Figure 71

➤ ➤


Power from the wheels travels through the final drive differential assembly to the final drive sun gear shaft.
2 Reaction Carrier Assembly Driving

Power continues to the reaction carrier assembly, which is splined to the final drive sun gear shaft.
3 Reaction Sun Gear Held 3a 2/1 Band Applied

The 2/1 manual band (680) is applied to hold the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678), to achieve engine braking. The 1/2 support roller clutch would allow coasting if the 2/1 band didn’t apply and hold the sun gear.
3b Forward Band Applied

The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1-2 support roller clutch (683) but, is not effective.
4 Reaction Internal Gear Driven

The reaction internal gear, which is part of the input carrier assembly (672), is forced to rotate by the reaction carrier pinions (675), which are rotating around the stationary reaction sun gear drum assembly (678).
5 2nd Clutch Applied

Power flows from the input carrier assembly (672) through the reverse reaction drum (669) to the 2nd clutch assembly which is applied and directs power to the input housing.
4 Input Sun Gear Driven

The rotating input carrier pinions also drive the input sun gear which is splined to the inner hub of the input sprag.
5 Input Sprag Clutch Holding

During deceleration, the input torque from the wheels to the gear set force the input sun gear (668) to rotate faster than the input shaft and housing assembly (632). The input clutch is applied and holding the outer sprag race but, the sprag is overrunning, thus the input clutch is ineffective.
8 Power to Torque Converter

From the input housing, power continues to the torque converter for engine compression braking.

76A

MANUAL SECOND - SECOND GEAR
(From Manual Third - Third Gear)
A manual 3-2 downshift is initiated by moving the gear selector lever to the Manual Second (2) position. However, the transaxle will not downshift into Second gear until vehicle speed is below approximately 113 km/h (70 mph). At higher vehicle speeds, the PCM will keep the 2-3 shift solenoid valve energized (ON) and the transaxle will operate in Manual Second - Third Gear as a safety precaution. In Manual Second, the transaxle is hydraulically prevented from upshifting into Fourth gear under any conditions. Also, the 2/1 band applies and the 1/2 support roller clutch holds providing engine compression braking in Second gear. The transaxle upshifts and downshifts between First and Second gears as in Overdrive range.
1 MANUAL VALVE:

MANUAL SECOND - SECOND GEAR
2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

1

LINE

LUBE

➤ D3 3RD CL/LO-1ST

16

15

2a 3-2 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE:

LO-1ST

2ND CLUTCH

CONV FD

2
LINE(from Pump)

LINE

12



FWD SERVO

TORQUE SIG

EX ➤

2ND CL

3RD CLUTCH

LINE

3c #9 Ball Check Valve (Third/Third Clutch)

2ND

➤ EX➤

EX

D2

VBS

REV

ACT FEED
Pressure Control Solenoid
EX


LINE

3RD CLUTCH

LINE

2ND ➤

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

2ND CLUTCH

TORQUE SIGNAL

is routed to the 2/1 manual band servo piston. This fluid pressure moves the servo piston and apply pin to apply the band. The band provides engine compression braking in Manual Second – Second Gear.
5 PRESSURE CONTROL 5a Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch Assembly (TFP Val. Position Sw.): D2 fluid is routed

19

D3

EX

REL
TCC CONTROL VALVE
EX

1-2 ACCUM LINE

EX
6

EX ➤

5a

➤ ➤ ➤

3e
➤ EX
5

COOLER


TCC REG APPLY LINE ➤
TCC REG APPLY
EX
18 32

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

➤ ➤

2-3 ACCUM
FORWARD SERVO

3RD CLUTCH

2ND CLUTCH

3d

4c

76B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 100

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

2-3 ACCUMULATOR

2-1 MAN SERVO

2-3 ACCUM

FORWARD BAND SERVO

Figure 72

to the TFP Val. Position Sw. and the TFP Val. Position Sw. signals the PCM that the manual valve is in the Manual Second position. 5b Pressure Control Solenoid: The PCM decreases the PC Sol. Valve duty cycle to increase the operating range of torque signal fluid pressure in Manual Second. This provides increased line pressure for the additional torque requirements during engine compression braking and increased engine load in Manual Second. Torque Converter Clutch: The PCM will release the TCC before downshifting into Manual Second. The TCC will not re-apply in Second gear under normal operating conditions.

11

TORQUE SIGNAL

TORQUE SIGNAL

2-3 ACCUMULATOR
2/1 MANUAL BAND SERVO

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤
➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

4c 2/1 Manual Band Servo: 2-1 manual servo fluid pressure

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid

CONV FD

;;
L RE

EX

APPLY

EX

TFP SWITCH

Located in the valve body, it is seated by D2 fluid and forces D2 to pass through the 2-3 shift valve and through orifice #13 into the 2-1 manual servo circuit.

5b

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

D2

LO/1ST GEAR

4b #8 Ball Check Valve (D2/2/1 Manual Servo)

7

OFF when the PCM commands Second gear, and spring force holds the 1-2 shift valve in the upshifted position.

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

D3

D4 LINE

LINE

3

2a

2-1 MAN SERVO

#10

33

EX

EX

LO D4

EX

4 2/1 MANUAL BAND APPLIES 4a 1-2 Shift Valve: The 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve is

LINE

2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS

2ND LO/1ST GEAR LINE ➤

3RD

13

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF



1-2 SHIFT VALVE


2-3 OFF SIGNAL


3RD

3RD

AUX

1

Exhausting 3rd clutch fluid seats the #9 ball check valve and forces the fluid through orifice #28 for a controlled release of the third clutch. 3d 2-3 Accumulator: Third clutch fluid exhausts from the 2-3 accumulator, and is routed through the #28 orifce. 3e 2-3 Accumulator Valve: The accumulator valve regulates line pressure into the 2-3 accumulator fluid circuit to fill the 2-3 accumulator.

LINE

3RD

ACTUATOR FD

#4

FWD SERVO ORIFICED EX

3rd clutch/lo 1st fluid seats the #4 ball check valve and is routed to the #9 ball check valve.

25

3RD

D4

D3

EX

35

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

26



3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS
➤ ➤ ➤

LO-1ST D4

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

LO-1ST

D2


1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL LO D4 ➤

D4

28

D2

3c

24

4a

#9

INP CL FD

21

D2

4b

#8

3b #4 Ball Check Valve (Third Clutch/Lo 1st): Exhausting

ACT FD LIM VALVE

#2
➤ ➤

3b
➤ ➤

EX

31

22

valve and the direct clutch releases.

3RD


INPUT CLUTCH

LINE

LINE

2-3 SIGNAL

3 THIRD CLUTCH RELEASES 3a Third Clutch: 3rd clutch fluid exhausts at the 2-3 shift

D3

2-3 signal fluid and spring force move the 3-2 manual downshift and the 2-3 shift valve into the Second gear position and prevents the 2-3 shift valve from upshifting. D2 fluid is routed through the valve into the 2-1 manual servo fluid circuit.


EX

17

EX

FWD BST

N.O.

D4

OFF

29


EX

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

30

2-3 Shift Solenoid
➤ ➤

D4 ➤ #6

14

PRN

#3

2-3 SIGNAL

The PCM energizes the 2-3 shift solenoid. With the solenoid ON, 2-3 signal fluid is routed to the 2-3 and 4-3 manual downshift valves.

D3 LINE

PRN REV

PRN

D4

LINE

2 2-3 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE:

LINE PRESSURE TAP LINE

D2 ➤

2-3 SIGNAL

EX ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

Line pressure is routed into the D2 fluid circuit when the selector lever is moved into the Manual Second (2) position.

LO
MANUAL VALVE

EX


➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ LUBE

3a

1 2 D D NR

P

DECREASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

77

MANUAL FIRST - FIRST GEAR
(From Manual Second – Second Gear)
1 POWER TO INPUT TORQUE SPRAG CONVERTER (722) (1) OVERRUNNING 5 INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVING 6a 3 INPUT INPUT CARRIER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY APPLIED (672) DRIVING 2 REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) DRIVING 3 3a 3b 4 REACTION 2/1 BAND REACTION FORWARD 1/2 SUPPORT SUN GEAR (680) BAND ROLLER INTERNAL (678) APPLIED (688) CLUTCH GEAR HELD APPLIED ASSEMBLY DRIVEN (683) HOLDING
1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL @ON

MANUAL FIRST - FIRST GEAR
(From Manual Second - Second Gear)
2-3 SHIFT SOL @ON 4TH CLUTCH REVERSE BAND 2ND CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH INPUT CLUTCH INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH 2/1 BAND 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED\

➤ ➤

3RD CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT SPRAG (722) OVERRUNNING 3RD SPRAG (652) HOLDING

INPUT SHAFT & HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) DRIVEN SPROCKET (506)

INPUT SUN GEAR (668) DRIVEN

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT (689) FORWARD BAND (688) APPLIED 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM (687) HELD

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (672) DRIVING

REACTION CARRIER ASSEMBLY (675) DRIVEN

REACTION SUN GEAR DRUM ASSEMBLY (678) HELD

2/1 BAND (680) APPLIED 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (683) HOLDING

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

78

Figure 73

PARKING GEAR (696)

FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR (697)


FORWARD SERVO ASSEMBLY APPLIED

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVEE @The solenoid state follows a shift pattern which depends upon vehicle speed, throttle position and selected gear range *

7 POWER FROM FINAL DRIVE (700)

Manual First – First Gear (1) is available when vehicle operating conditions require maximum engine compression braking for slowing the vehicle or maximum engine torque transfer to the wheels in a forward gear range. Some of these vehicle operating conditions include descending a steep grade (to provide maximum engine compression braking) or, for ascending a steep grade (for maximum engine power). Manual First range should also be used to start the vehicle in motion when pulling a heavy load. While operating in manual first range the transaxle can upshift into second gear at 61 km/h (38 mph), and third gear at 113 km/h (70 mph) and each range has engine braking. If the transaxle is operating in any other forward gear range when manual first is selected, the transaxle will not shift into first gear until vehicle speed slows to approximately 56 km/h (35 mph). Power flow through the transaxle is the same as overdrive range first gear with the exception that the third clutch and the 2/1 band are applied. Therefore we will look at powerflow from deceleration (engine compression braking).
1 Power from the Wheels

Power from the wheels travels through the final drive differential assembly to the final drive sun gear shaft.
2 Reaction Carrier Assembly Driven

Power continues to the reaction carrier assembly, which is splined to the final drive sun gear shaft.
3 Reaction Sun Gear Held 3a 2/1 Manual Band Applied

The 2/1 manual band (680) is applied to hold the reaction sun gear drum assembly (678), to achieve engine braking. The 1/2 support roller clutch would allow coasting if the 2/1 band didn’t apply and hold the sun gear.
3b Forward Band Applied

The forward band (688) is applied, holding the 1-2 support roller clutch (683) but, is not effective.
4 Reaction Internal Gear Driven

The reaction internal gear, which is part of the input carrier assembly (672), is forced to rotate by the reaction carrier pinions (675), which are rotating around the stationary reaction sun gear drum assembly (678).
5 Input Sun Gear Driven

Planet pinion gears in the input carrier assembly (672) are in mesh with the teeth on the input sun gear (668), forcing the sun gear to rotate.
6 3rd Clutch Applied

The 3rd clutch is applied and holds the 3rd sprag clutch outer race (653). During deceleration, the 3rd sprag clutch holds and prevents the input sun gear (668) from turning faster than the input housing, thus creating engine braking. Note: During acceleration, the 3rd sprag clutch is ineffective in the transfer of engine torque through the input sun gear (668).
6a Input Clutch Applied

The input clutch is also applied but, during deceleration, the input sprag clutch is not effective for engine compression braking. During acceleration, the input sprag elements are holding to transfer engine torque to the input sun gear (668), forcing it to rotate.
7 Power to Torque Converter

From the input housing, power continues to the torque converter for engine compression braking.

78A

MANUAL FIRST - FIRST GEAR
(From Manual Second - Second Gear) A manual 2-1 downshift is initiated by moving the gear selector lever to the Manual First (1) position. However, the transaxle will not downshift into First gear until vehicle speed is below approximately 61 km/h (38 mph). At higher vehicle speeds the PCM will keep the 1-2, 3-4 shift solenoid valve de-energized (OFF) and the transaxle will operate in Manual First - Second or Third Gear. In Manual First the transaxle is hydraulically prevented from upshifting into Fourth gear under any conditions. Also, the 2/1 manual band servo remains applied, as in Manual Second, and provides engine compression braking.
1 MANUAL VALVE:

MANUAL FIRST - FIRST GEAR
2ND CLUTCH HOUSING (617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

Line pressure is routed into the Lo fluid circuit when the selector lever is moved into the Manual First (1) position. Line pressure continues to feed the D4, D3 and D2 fluid circuits as in Manual Second.
2 Fluid Pressure Manual Valve Position Switch Assembly (TFP Val. Position Sw.):

8a
➤ ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1
LO
➤ ➤

MANUAL VALVE

EX

LINE

➤ D3 3RD CL/LO-1ST

2ND CLUTCH ➤

EX

Lo fluid pressure seats the #7 ball check valve against the lo1st fluid circuit and fluid is routed to the 1-2 shift valve.
4 #4 BALL CHECK VALVE (3RD CLUTCH/LO 1ST):

LO-1ST

17

EX

LUBE

5a

LINE

LINE(from Pump)
➤ ➤

12

➤ ➤

FWD SERVO

➤ ➤

ACT FD LIM VALVE
EX EX ➤
35

TORQUE SIG

LINE

3RD

LO
➤ ➤

8b

26

LO-1ST D4

EX 4TH CL IN CL FD

LO-1ST

27

EX

REV

7
VBS

LINE
➤ ➤

EX

EX

LO D4

EX

ACT FEED

Pressure Control Solenoid

7 1-2 SHIFT VALVE:

LINE
TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2

D3

EX

2ND CLUTCH

7

APPLY

TCC SIGNAL (PWM)

2nd clutch fluid exhausts from behind the clutch piston through the 2nd clutch fluid circuit. This releases the 2nd clutch and the transaxle operates in First gear.
8b #2 Ball Check Valve (2nd/2nd clutch):

TORQUE SIGNAL

8 SECOND CLUTCH RELEASES 8a Second Clutch:

TCC CONTROL (PWM) Solenoid EX ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

2ND

19

CONV FD REL

D3

TFP SWITCH

EX

EX

EX

TCC CONTROL VALVE
EX
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

COOLER

TCC REG APPLY

FORWARD SERVO

8c 1-2 Accumulator:

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

2ND CLUTCH

2nd clutch fluid exhausts from the 1-2 accumulator, and 1-2 accumulator fluid fills the 1-2 accumulator as 2nd clutch fluid exhausts.
8d TCC Control (PWM) Solenoid:

8c

2/1 MANUAL BAND SERVO

2nd clutch fluid exhausts from the solenoid.

78B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 102

Figure 74

1-2 ACCUMULATOR

Note: Manual First - Third Gear is also possible at high speeds as a safety feature.

2-1 MAN SERVO

Located in the case cover, exhausting 2nd clutch fluid seats the #2 ball check valve against the 2nd fluid circuit and forces the exhausting fluid through orifice #26 for a controlled release.

8d

1-2 ACCUM TORQUE SIGNAL

FORWARD BAND SERVO

➤ ➤ ➤

• The 2nd fluid circuit is open to exhaust past the valve into the 3rd fluid circuit. • D4 fluid is routed into the lo-1st gear circuit. • LO fluid is routed into the lo-1st fluid circuit.

; ;
L RE

4

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
2

1-2 ACCUM

EX

TORQUE SIGNAL

D2

LO/1ST GEAR

1-2, 3-4 signal fluid pressure shifts the valve into the downshifted position, against spring force, and the following changes occur:

D4 LINE

LINE

3

2-1 MAN SERVO

#10

33

2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS

2ND LO/1ST GEAR

13

D2 ➤

EX

3RD

#8

The 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve is energized by the PCM when vehicle speed is below approximately 61 km/h (38 m p h ) . 1-2, 3-4 Signal fluid is blocked from exhausting through the solenoid.

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

6 1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE:

3RD

3RD

AUX

1

D4

LO BLOW-OFF

A relief valve that will exhaust excess Lo fluid pressure above 448 kPa (65 psi) in the 3rd clutch apply circuit.

LO-1ST

5b

D4

21

D2

5b Lo Blow Off Valve:

6

1-2,3-4 SIG

2ND

EX

INP CL FD

Lo fluid from the 1-2 shift valve is sent to the line presure boost valve to boost line pressure.

FWD SERVO ORIFICED EX

5a Pressure Regulator Valve:

2ND CL

ACT FD

25

#4

D2

ORIFICED CUP PLUG (412)

LINE

D4

D3

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

#2

3RD

3

D2

31

#7

4

22

3rd clutch/lo - 1st fluid applies the 3rd clutch and the 3rd sprag clutch holds and prevents coasting and allows engine compression braking.

EX

INPUT CLUTCH

3RD CL

LINE

LINE

2-3 SIGNAL

5 3RD CLUTCH APPLIES
➤ ➤

D3

Lo-1st fluid pressure seats the #4 ball check valve against the 3rd clutch fluid circuit and fluid is routed to the 3rd clutch/lo -1st circuit.

CONV FD

FWD BST

N.O.

D4

ON

29


EX

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

30

3 #7 BALL CHECK VALVE (LO/LO 1ST):

16

15



➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid

D4 ➤ #6

14

PRN

#3

2-3 SIGNAL

Lo fluid is routed to the TFP Val. Position Sw. and the TFP Val. Position Sw. signals the PCM that the manual valve is in the Manual First position.

LINE PRESSURE TAP LINE

PRN REV
2-3 SIGNAL
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

PRN

D4

D2 ➤ D3 LINE

LINE

EX ➤ ➤
➤ ➤


3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ LUBE

5

1 2 D D NR

P

DECREASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

79

OPERATING CONDITIONS
RANGE REFERENCE CHART
1 RANGE GEAR 1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE ON REVERSE ON ON 1st 2nd ON OFF OFF ON @ OFF @ OFF @ ON @ OFF @ ON @ ON 2-3 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE ON ON ON ON ON OFF OFF @ OFF @ ON @ ON @ ON @ ON @ ON APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED * APPLIED HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING APPLIED * APPLIED * APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED 4TH CLUTCH 2 REVERSE BAND 3 2ND CLUTCH 4 3RD CLUTCH 5 3RD SPRAG CLUTCH 6 INPUT CLUTCH 7 INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH * HOLDING * HOLDING OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING OVERRUN OVERRUN OVERRUN HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING HOLDING APPLIED APPLIED * * * APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED 8 2/1 BAND 9 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH 10 FORWARD BAND

PARK REV NEUT

* APPLIED * APPLIED *

D
3rd 4th 3rd

D

2nd 1st 2nd

2
1st

1

1st

*APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE ON = SOLENOID ENERGIZED OFF = SOLENOID DE-ENERGIZED @ THE SOLENOID'S STATE FOLLOWS A SHIFT PATTERN WHICH DEPENDS UPON VEHICLE SPEED, THROTTLE POSITION AND SELECTED GEAR RANGE. EXPECTED OPERATING CONDITION IF COMPONENT IN COLUMN NUMBER IS INOPERATIVE: COLUMN # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 CONDITION NO 4TH GEAR. NO REVERSE GEAR – ALL FORWARD DRIVE RANGES OK. NO 2ND GEAR – GOES TO NEUTRAL WHEN COMMANDED TO 3RD GEAR. NO 3RD GEAR – NO ENGINE BRAKING IN MANUAL 1ST. NO 3RD GEAR – NO ENGINE BRAKING IN MANUAL 1ST. NO FORWARD – NO REVERSE. NO FORWARD – NO REVERSE. NO ENGINE BRAKING IN MANUAL 2ND (2ND GEAR) OR MANUAL 1ST (1ST GEAR). NO FORWARD – REVERSE OK, FORWARD OK IN MANUAL 2ND OR MANUAL 1ST. NO FORWARD – REVERSE OK, FORWARD OK IN MANUAL 2ND OR MANUAL 1ST.

SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE ELECTRICAL CONDITIONS: If the PCM detects a continuous open or short to ground in the shift solenoids or shift solenoid circuits the following actions occur: 1-2, 3-4 DTC P0753 • • • • • • • • • The PCM commands maximum line pressure. The PCM disables shift adapts. The PCM inhibits downshifts to 2nd gear if the vehicle speed is greater than 48 km/h (30 mph). The PCM illuminates the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL). The PCM commands maximum line pressure. The PCM disables shift adapts. The PCM commands 3rd gear. The PCM illuminates the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL). The PCM inhibits Torque Converter Clutch.

2-3 DTC P0758

80

Figure 75

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS
The hydraulic circuitry of the Hydra-matic 4T65-E transaxle is better understood when fluid flow can be related to the specific components in which the fluid travels. In the Power Flow section, a simplified hydraulic schematic was given to show what hydraulically occurs in a specific gear range. The purpose was to isolate the hydraulics used in each gear range in order to provide the user with a basic understanding of the hydraulic system. In contrast, this section shows a complete hydraulic schematic with fluid passages active in the appropriate component for each gear range. This is accomplished using two opposing foldout pages that are separated by a half page of supporting information. The left side foldout contains the complete color coded hydraulic circuit used in that gear range along with the relative location of valves, checkballs and orifices within specific components. A broken line is also used to separate components such as the pump, valve body, case
PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE PASSAGE

cover and case to assist the user when following the hydraulic circuits as they pass between them. The half page of information facing this foldout lists possible conditions and component diagnostic tips. Always refer to the appropriate vehicle platform service manual when diagnosising specific concerns. The right side foldout shows a two-dimensional line drawing of the fluid passages within each component. The active fluid passages for each gear range are appropriately colored to correspond with the hydraulic schematic used for that range. The half page of information facing this foldout identifies the various fluid circuits with numbers that correspond to the circuit numbers used on the foldout page. For a more complete understanding of the different hydraulic systems used in a specific gear range, refer to the Hydraulic Control Components section and/or Power Flow section.

A IS LOCATED IN THE OIL PUMP BODY (GREY AREA) B IS LOCATED IN THE CONTROL VALVE BODY (LIGHT BLUE AREA) C IS LOCATED ON THE SPACER PLATE (DASHED LINE) D IS LOCATED IN THE CASE COVER (LIGHT RED AREA) E IS LOCATED IN THE DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (LIGHT YELLOW AREA) F IS LOCATED IN THE CASE (WHITE AREA)

FLUID FLOW SCHEMATIC — (FOLDOUT) A
PARK

(Engine Running)

REV SERVO

LUBE

2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST
➤ ➤

➤ TCC

RELEASE

TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

LINE

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST


LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39b

5a 10c

38a

39a

11b

38b

19b

18g

41a

29d

20a

40a

20c

10b➤

➤ 2c

11a

40c

#9

29c

29b

18k

7a

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

14b

SPACER PLATE (370)

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

11g

39c

16a

11e

19c

31a

11d

20b

11c

41b

41c

GASKET (369)

3RD CLUTCH

#3
19d

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8a

39d

8b

11f

2b

2c

2y

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

D-4

1-2,3-4 SIG

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

➤ 2z

29a

38c

40b

18f

19f

EX D4

ACT FD

19g

18a

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

CONV FD

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

LINE

2-3 SIGNAL

FWD BST

D-4

LO

REV BST

REV LINE

REVERSE
➤ ➤

LINE

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

EX

D4

EX

3RD CLU

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE LO

LO

LO D4

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

3RD ORIF EX

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

EX

D2
D4

EX

➤ ➤

31e

LUBE COOLER

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD LINE

D2

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG 3RD

35b
23

D3

VBS

D2

33a
36b

LINE LINE

FILT LINE

DECREASE

D4 D3

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS

37a

2ND CL

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3

ACT FD LIM VALVE

3-4 ACCUM

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d ➤ 2g 3 2w 2p 18e 42d 42f 42g

FWD SERVO

LINE
EX

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

ORIFICED EXH
1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

EX

TCC RELEASE

ACT FD ACT FD

D3 2ND

SUCTION

2-3 OFF SIG

2ND

EX

LINE

2ND D4

N

TCC REG APP

TCC SIG (PWM)

D4
TCC REG APPLY

EX

EX

TORQUE SIG

3RD

3-4 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM

37c 37d 8 24c
➤ 24a

LINE

LINE

LINE

TCC APPLY
1

TORQUE SIG

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

1-2 ACCUM

TCC RELEASE

3-4 ACC

LUBE

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140) ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

EX

LUBE COOLER

ACT FD

2ND CL

LINE

EX

LINE

25f 27a

14b

25g 27b

14a

13b

13a

25a

25d

27c

15a

10a

29e

23b

22a

42a

42b

23c

12a

42c

29f

25c

25b

9a

2m

8c

6b

2n

2h 2l

29g

2k

25e

9b

12b

8d

8g

8e

7

9

25

26

18

6a

#2

32

4

22

10

11

6

5

2

32

42

43

23a

22b

29h

2q

2v

8f

2r

2t

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE (3)

LINE

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

2ND CL BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL CASE COVER (400) CASE (3) COOLER

76

E

D

F

HALF PAGE TEXT AND LEGEND

Figure 76

ACTUATOR FD


➤ ➤

16 ➤

43

22

19

LINE

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

1

1

13

31

16

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

22

22

37

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

ORIFICED CUP PLUG

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 74

FOLDOUT ➤ 77

COMPLETE ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST

FOLDOUT ➤ 81

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

16

42

42

42

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

FWD SERVO COOLER

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

22 23

27

42 31

15

37

42

15

13

19 37

31 27

1

23

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

42

22

EX

EX

EX

33

24

42

45

23

27

31

➤ ➤

LINE

➤ ➤

24b

7

D3

2-3 AC

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

U

N

TCC REL

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

LINE

TORQUE SIG CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

13 18b

4TH CL LINE

EX

D4

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
XE XE

Pressure Control Solenoid

36c

37b

D3

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

#8

PUMP BODY (202)

D3

LINE

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

LO-1ST

D-4

IN CL FD

AUX INPUT CL FD D2

3RD

3RD

D4 2-3 SIG

EX

4a
30

2f

#4
39e

31f 39f 39g 31c 31d 36a 35a

ON

LO-1ST 3RD CL 3RD CL

D3 PRN REVERSE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

1 2 D D NR

EX

MANUAL VALVE

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

CASE COVER (400)

LUBE

LUBE

EX

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

; ;; ;;

TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

B
4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

C
INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632) COOLER

INPUT CL

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT CL

COOLER

P

CC

RR

U

CL

N

CL U TC H

;;;;;; ;;;;; ;; ; ; ;;; ;; ;;;; ;;
(P) Park l thethe oi r inPARK leve fromwing: ctor sure follo sele pres the Regthe line to 8): ) Withtion, rected Valve(21 sure es posip is di lator (line prion pum re Regu tputnsmissp ou m
su mp tra pu Preses pu to the hen mand ulat rdingents. W e de m th fro accoirem ceeds, fluidr requut ex sure lato outp e presre regu of lin essu pr the

FLUID FLOW THROUGH COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT)

RK g PA nnin u eR gin En

U

M

FE ED

; ; ; ;; ;; ; ; ;;; ;;;; ; ;; ;;;; ; ; ;; ;;; ; ; ;;; ;; ;;;; ; ;;; ;;; ; ; ;;
Engine Running

373(#6)

373(#5)

42

42

3

40 4

42

42

42

18

38

41

19

18

39

2

11 2

17

43

43

40

19

38

8

372(#7)

39

18

17

40

38

(219)

42

2

19

28

2

29

2518 20

42

5 43

7

28

36

18

17

18

39

11 5

10

17

2

2

28 36

11

2

17

35

18

36

7 6 29 33 42

39

42

43

2

2

35

37

2

2

2

21

6 18 2 2

42

8

42

4

42

28

36 3742

18 29 42 29 29

2 8 43

43

2

2 10

43

11

13

8

10

43

2

29

2

24

29

25

13

13

20

37

14

19

43

31

42

22

2

42

8

2

8 42 1111 13

12

9

25

22

8

31

24

1

2

19

15

1

1

43

43

13

42

42

2

8

24

2

42

42

9

13

43

23

23

42

28

22

31

25

12

43

27

27

1

43

43

2

14 43

43

23

43

19

14

15

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

372(#8)

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
18 2/11 3

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 19

40

19

19

19

2

3

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 40

41

19 18 19 38

2/11 18

38

8

39

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40a

20

41c/40c

2

2

2

7 18

39

29

20

2

25

11

5

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

30

2f/4b 2e 36a

41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 29 2b/11a 41a 16 19b 18a 19c/18k 7a 29e 39f 2x 38a 18e 18d

2a

3a

41

43

17

38b 20a

39a 39b
14

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 41 2

19

2

41

19 19 19 38

18

38

8

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

38

36

39

10

37

36

35

33

6

34

36

29

6

2

37c

18

2

8

37

31

2

24

18 42 29

29

8

2

11

2 10

29

2 29

8

25

11

37

31

2

22 22 2

2

42

31

29 8

2

8

20 42

14

9

42

13

11

2

2

8

24

11

12 42

9

24

23

2

23

42

13

22

31

25

26

12

27

2

19

23

1

25

14

15

19

14

11d 28 29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 42b 11g 14c 8g 24 8e 9a 4 31c 19 11e 2p 10 9b 13a 12a 11f 24b 18 42a 24c 9 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 26a 32 2n 25e 19f 27c 25d 25 1a 14a 15a 23b 14b 19g 37d 31e
2

31f

6b 22 42e 33 33a 29h 6a 18b 2y 29g 7 37b/36c 42b 35b 8d 37a 18c 23 43a/2g 29f 29d 20b/2z 24a 36b 35a
13

2d

25a 39d/38c 39e

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

39

39

18

19

40

3

4

7

39

36

2

18

2 29 25

20

10

10

11

20

36

38

21

37

36

39 39

11

10

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

2h

35

8a

33

6

34

8

2

36

43

42

2

35

39

31

2m

37

29

6 18

2

8

2

6

37

7

2

29

2k

2

11c

8c

10a

18

42 35 29

8

10

25

33

37

43 43

➤ ➤ ➤

11

35

31

43

29 20 30

8

25

11

10

29

42

39

31

➤ ➤

8

43

24

11

20

43

372(#4)

29

18

11

22c

2w

42d 42f

37

31

31

31

20

31

24

33

2

8

2 8

22

42

42

14

43

14

11

9

2

11

42

8

43 2

42

2

37

16/2s
12

22b 3 2t 2r
6

42g

8f

16

22 2

2

42

2

8

24

13

11

12 42

9

9

25

43

42

43

11

42

22

24

8

2

16

2

24

27

2

23

23

42

13

12

25

26

43

12

2

13

22

27

31

19

2

13

42

23

25

1

14

15

43

19

31

25

23

1

31

37

27

22

43

15

13/14

23

19

14

14

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

GASKET IDENTIFICATION


GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

372(#1)

372(#2)

32

4T
H
33

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

34

A
3

34

D

35

(38) 2

44

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

➤ ➤

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

O

➤ ➤

V
V

36

E
ER

O

43

19

2 3

10

3

41

38

3

35

10

41

43

35

45

(126)

(128)

16 LUBE

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST

37

R

O
V
ER
38

RU

D2

39

O

(130)

RI

FI

40

CE

412

33

42

2

42

38

16

19

16

19

D

3-


D2

2

42

1

22

37

23

16

- EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN

SI

➤ ➤

G

N

22

37

31

A

L

31

➤ ➤

27

23

27

23

27

16

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

37

19 37 16

22

22

37

(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

➤ ➤

16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

PARK

(Engine Running)
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST
➤ ➤

EX

➤ TCC

RELEASE TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST





LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

38b

19b

18g

41a

11e

29d

20a

20c

40a

14c

29b

29c

10b➤

➤ 2s

11a

TORQ SIG

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

D-4

TORQUE SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG

D-4

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

D SRV AP

REV SERV

REV BST

➤ ➤ ➤

REV LINE
3RD

REVERSE

➤ ➤

LINE

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

39f

3RD CLU

REV

INPUT CL

LO
CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LO LO-1ST
1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON
EX

➤ ➤

D-4

IN CL FD 3RD

31d 36a 35a 31e

3RD CL D3

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

D2
D4

EX

➤ ➤

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS
13

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL
2ND CL

EX

D2

3RD

18c

EX

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP
➤ ➤

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d

FWD SERVO

LINE
EX

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3 ORIFICED EXH
1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

EX

ACT FD ACT FD

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

TCC SIG (PWM)

D4
3RD
➤ ➤

D4
TCC REG APPLY

EX

EX

TORQUE SIG

3-4 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

37c 37d 8 24c
➤ 24a

LINE

LINE

LINE


TCC APPLY TCC RELEASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

25f 27a

25e 27b

14a

25b

25c

27c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13b

13a

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2l 2h

6a

2k

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

2q

7

9

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

2v

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

2r

2t

11

6

5

2

1

LINE


PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)
➤ ➤ ➤

82

Figure 77

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

2ND CL

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


TORQUE SIG

ACTUATOR FD


➤ ➤

FWD SERVO COOLER
FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

EX

LINE

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

➤ ➤

#2

#1

LINE

LINE

24b

2ND CL


➤ ➤ ➤


LINE

ACT FD

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE


1-2 ACCUM

3-4 ACC

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

2ND

LINE

EX

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p 18e 42d 42f 42g

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

LINE

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

D4

LINE

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

CASE COVER (400)

LUBE COOLER

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD

D2

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

35b
23

D3

VBS

D2

33a

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

PRN REVERSE


1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

PUMP BODY (202)

LINE

D2

PRN REVERSE

LO D4

D3

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE

AUX INPUT CL FD

31c

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE
➤ ➤ ➤

ON

39e

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

31f

32

LO

EX

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

FWD BST

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

LO-1ST

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD

CONV FD

EX

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

#9
29a

➤ 2z

38c

18k

40b

40c

18f

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

11d

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

11f

3a

2a

2d

2x

19f

EX D4

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

39d

16a

11g

39c

20b

31a

11c

41b

41c

GASKET (369)

3RD CLUTCH

8a

#3
19d

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2b

2c

2y

19g
18a

D4 2-3 SIG

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST


LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST


;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤

PARK
(Engine Running)
The following conditions and component problems could happen in any gear range, and are only some of the possibilities recommended to diagnose hydraulic problems. Always refer to the appropriate vehicle platform service manual when diagnosing specific concerns.
HIGH OR LOW LINE PRESSURE

• Pressure Regulator Valve (313), Springs (311, 312) and Boost Valve (310)
– Stuck, damaged (missing springs).

• Pressure Control Solenoid Valve (322)
– Leak, o-rings damaged. – Loose connector, pins damaged. – Contaminated.

• Torque Signal Regulator Valve (321)
– Stuck, or valve retainer (314) missing.

• TFP Valve Position Switch (395)
– Loose connector. – Damaged or missing o-ring.

• Oil Filter (100)
– Clogged, broken, loose.

• Oil Filter Seal (101)
– Leaking.

• Cooler Lines
– Clogged or restricted.

• Cooler Line Seals (49)
– Leaking.

• Oil Pump (200)
– Damaged, sticking, porosity, leaking.

• Oil Pump Drive Shaft (227)
– Damaged.

• Line Pressure Relief Valve (324)
– Damaged spring, ball missing.

• Transaxle Case (3), Valve Body (301), Case Cover (401)
– Porosity, leaking circuits. – Flatness of machined surfaces.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON

2-3 SHIFT SOL ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING *

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

82A

PARK
Engine Running

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

82B

PARK

(Engine Running)

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)
40

38 40
36

4

40

18

36

35

37

42

4

42

13
37 43 22

31 22 2

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 2 29 25 20 39 39 2

42

23 23 22 23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 34 6 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;; ; ;;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 2 42 8 8 31 24 2 19 8 24 2 42 42 28 31 25 27 27 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
18 3 2 19

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 38 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;; ;;; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

2 10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ; ;; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 42 31 22 2 2 8 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ;; ;
2 18 8 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 15 13/14

;
39

8

10 10

11

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;;; ;;; ;;;;;
43 8 42 38 36 35 41 3 39 18 19 40 3 10 11 20 36 38 39 25 39 7 2 18 29 2 8 2 36 43 42 35 39 2 6 37 29 25 33 37 43 43 11 35 8 11 43 14 11 9 43 42 43 11 12 43 2 13 15 13/14

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

(411)

➤ ➤ ➤

7

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27
➤ ➤

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

16

42

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31 27

16

19

15

(28)

11

15

(29)

16

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

16

37 16

15

(28)

;

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 78

FOLDOUT ➤ 83

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

1

23

;; ;;

;;;; ;;;;
33 27

32

;

;; ;; ; ;;

;; ;;; ;
43 45

;;;; ;;;;
31 33 33
➤ ➤

22 23

31

7

31

7

42 42

33

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

➤ ➤

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;
16 37

;
19 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

REVERSE

➤ TCC

RELEASE TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

38b

19b

18g

41a

11e

29d

20a

20c

40a

11c

14c

11f

29b

29c

10b➤

➤ 2s

11a

18k

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG

D-4

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

REV BST

LINE

3RD CLU

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

LO

LO

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

D2
D4

EX

EX

➤ ➤

31e

D2

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG 3RD

23

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS
13

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL

EX

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

ORIFICED EXH
1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3 EX

ACT FD ACT FD

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

D4
TCC SIG (PWM) 3RD
➤ ➤

D4
TCC REG APPLY

EX

EX

TORQUE SIG

3-4 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

37c 37d 8 24c

LINE

LINE

LINE

TCC APPLY TCC RELEASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

25f 27a

25e 27b

14a

25b

25c

27c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13b

13a

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2h

6a

2k

25d

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

8e

2q

7

9

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

2v

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

2r

2t

11

6

5

2

1

LINE

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)
➤ ➤ ➤

84

Figure 79

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

2ND CL

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

ACTUATOR FD


FWD SERVO ➤ COOLER

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

EX

LINE

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

➤ ➤

#2

#1

LINE

LINE

24b

2ND CL

LINE

ACT FD

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

24a

1-2 ACCUM

3-4 ACC

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

2ND

LINE

EX

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p 18e 42d 42f 42g

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG ➤

LINE

CASE COVER (400)

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

D4

LINE

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

VBS

D2

33a

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD

35b

D3

REVERSE

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

PRN


1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

PUMP BODY (202)

LO D4

LINE

D3

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

D2

LO-1ST

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a 35a

3RD

3RD CL D3

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE

AUX INPUT CL FD

31c

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE

REV LINE

REVERSE

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

39f 39e

ON

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

31f

32

LO

EX

D4
➤ ➤

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

FWD BST

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD

CONV FD

EX

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

#9
29a

➤ 2z

38c

40c

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

11d

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

40b

18f

19f

EX D4

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

39d

16a

11g

39c

20b

31a

41b

41c

GASKET (369)

3RD CLUTCH

8a

#3
19d

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2b

2c

2y

19g
18a

D4 2-3 SIG

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO ➤

LINE

➤ ➤

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST

2ND CL

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

INPUT CL

;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

COOLER

COOLER

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤




REVERSE
NO REVERSE OR SLIPS IN REVERSE • Manual Linkage
– Misadjusted

• Oil Filter Assembly
– Oil filter assembly (100) missing, plugged – Damaged oil filter seal assembly (101) missing or damaged

• Reverse Band Servo Assembly
– Servo piston oil seal ring (43) missing or damaged – Servo piston (44) damaged or stuck in case bore – Servo piston cushion springs (45, 47) or retainer (46) missing or damaged – Servo piston pin (48) not engaged to reverse band assembly (615) – Reverse band assembly (615) worn or burned – reverse band assembly (615) disengaged from anchor pin (117B) – band anchor pin (117B) loose or missing

• Torque Converter Assembly
– Torque converter assembly (1) stator clutch not holding

• Drive Link Assembly
– Drive link assembly (507) broken or drive/driven sprockets (516/506) damaged.

• Input Clutch Assembly
– Input clutch sprag assembly (722) damaged or misassembled – Input clutch housing oil seal rings (628) missing or damaged – Input clutch housing ball check valve assembly (633) missing or damaged – Input clutch piston inner/outer seals (634/635) missing or damaged – Input clutch piston (636) damaged – Input clutch plates (654-658) worn

• Fluid Level
– Low.

• Fluid Pressure
– Low (See PARK page 82A).

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON

2-3 SHIFT SOL ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND APPLIED

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

84A

REVERSE
PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

84B

REVERSE

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)

38 40

36

18

36

35

42

42

13

43

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 39 2 29 20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;;;; ; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c 18a 19c/18k 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

34 6

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 22 2 2 8 42 31 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;;; ; ;
2 18 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;;; ;;;;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

➤ ➤ ➤

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

16

42

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

;
37

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 80

FOLDOUT ➤ 85

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

1

23

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;
33 27

32

;; ;;; ;
43 45

;;;; ;;;;
31 33 33
➤ ➤

22

23

31

7

31

7

42 42

33

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

➤ ➤

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

NEUTRAL

2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST
➤ ➤

EX

➤ TCC

RELEASE TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

11f

38b

19b

18g

41a

11e

29d

20a

40a

11d

11c

14c

29c

18k

10b➤

➤ 2s

11a

#9
29a

29b

40c

7a

SPACER PLATE (370) GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

20c

3a

2a

2d

2x

TORQ SIG

➤ 2z

38c

D-4

40b

LINE LINE

18f

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG

D-4

19f

EX D4

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

19c

31b

39d

16a

11g

39c

20b

31a

41b

41c

GASKET (369)

3RD CLUTCH

#3
19d

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8a

8b

2b

2c

2y

ACT FD

19g

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

D SRV AP

REV SERV

REV BST

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

REV LINE

➤ ➤

REVERSE

LINE
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

39f

31f

3RD CLU

3RD

➤REV

INPUT CL

LO

LO

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

D2
D4

EX

EX

➤ ➤

31e

D2

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG 3RD

23

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS
13

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL

EX

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

ORIFICED EXH
1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3 EX

ACT FD ACT FD

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG

2ND

LINE

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

TCC SIG (PWM)

D4
3RD
➤ ➤

D4
TCC REG APPLY

EX

EX

TORQUE SIG

3-4 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

37c 37d 8 24c

LINE

LINE

LINE

3RD

25f 27a

27b

14a

25b

25c

27c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13b

13a

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

6a

2n

6b

2h

25e

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

7

8d

2q

9

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

2v

25

26

32

2k

18

2t

4

22

10

2r

11

6

5

2

1

LINE

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)
➤ ➤ ➤

86

Figure 81

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

2ND CL

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

ACTUATOR FD


➤ ➤

FWD SERVO COOLER
FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

EX

LINE

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

➤ ➤

#2

#1

LINE

LINE

24b

2ND CL

LINE

ACT FD

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

24a

1-2 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

TCC APPLY TCC RELEASE

TORQUE SIG

EX

3-4 ACC

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

2ND

EX

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p 18e 42d 42f 42g

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG ➤

LINE

CASE COVER(400)

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

D4

LINE

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH

3RD

➤ ➤

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

VBS

D2

33a

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD

35b

D3

REVERSE

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

PRN

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

PUMP BODY (202)

LO D4

LINE

D3

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

LO-1ST

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a 35a

3RD

3RD CL D3

D2

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE

AUX INPUT CL FD

31c

3RD CL

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE

ON

39e

LO-1ST

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

32

LO

EX

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

FWD BST

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

LO-1ST

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD

CONV FD

D4 2-3 SIG

EX

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

18a

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

➤ ➤

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

REV SERVO

INPUT CL

INPUT CL

;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
(Engine Running)
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)

COOLER

COOLER

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤




➤ ➤ ➤

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running) DRIVES IN NEUTRAL • Forward Band
– Not releasing.

• Reverse Band
– Not releasing.

• Manual Valve (404) / Shift Linkage
– Misaligned.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON

2-3 SHIFT SOL ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH HOLDING *

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

86A

NEUTRAL
Engine Running

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

86B

NEUTRAL

(Engine Running)

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)
40

38 40
36

4

40

18

36

35

37

42

4

42

13
37 43 22

31 22 2

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 2 29 25 20 39 39 2

42

23 23 22 23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 34 6 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;; ; ;;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 2 42 8 8 31 24 2 19 8 24 2 42 42 28 31 25 27 27 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
18 3 2 19

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33 29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;; ;;; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ; ;; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 42 31 22 2 2 8 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Channel Plate)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ;; ;
2 18 8 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

;
39

8

10 10

11

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;;; ;;; ;;;;;
43 8 42 38 36 35 41 3 39 18 19 40 3 10 11 20 36 38 39 25 39 7 2 18 29 2 8 2 36 43 42 35 39 2 6 37 29 25 33 37 43 43 11 35 8 11 43 14 11 9 43 42 43 11 12 43 2 13 15 13/14

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

(411)

➤ ➤ ➤

7

372(#1)

372(#2) CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

372(#4)

43

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

NOTE:
(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

43

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

16

42

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31 27

16

19

15

(28)

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

;
37

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

Figure 82

FOLDOUT ➤ 87

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

1

23

;; ;;

;;;; ;;;;
33 27

32

;

;; ;; ; ;;

;; ;;; ;
43 45

;;;; ;;;;
31 33 33
➤ ➤

22

23

31

7

31

7

42 42

33

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

➤ ➤

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;
16 37

37 16

;
19

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

OVERDRIVE RANGE – FIRST GEAR
INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST
➤ ➤ ➤

LUBE

EX

➤ TCC

RELEASE TCC APPLY

3RD CL

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST
➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤


3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

3RD CLUTCH

REVERSE

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

5a 10c

2z 20b

38a

39b

11b

➤ 18g

38b

19b

41a

29d

20a

20c

40a

11e

11c

11d

14c

11f

29b

29c

10b➤

➤ 2s

11a

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG

D-4

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

FWD BST

REV BST

➤ ➤ ➤

REV LINE

REVERSE

LINE

➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

31f 39f

3RD CLU

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

D2
D4

EX

EX

➤ ➤

31e 35b

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS
13

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL

EX

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP
➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

ORIFICED EXH
1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX
➤ ➤ ➤

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d 2g 43a 3 2w 2p 18e 42d 42f 42g

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3 EX

ACT FD ACT FD

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

2-3 OFF SIG

➤ ➤ ➤

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

2ND

LINE

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

TORQUE SIG

3RD

3-4 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM
EX

LINE

LINE

TCC REG APPLY

37c 37d 8 24c
➤ 24a

LINE

TCC APPLY TCC RELEASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

25f 27a

27b

14a

25b

25c

27c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13b

42c

29f

13a

12a

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

2h

6a

6b

2k

25e

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

7

8d

2q

9

8g

29h

8f

➤13c

2v

25

26

18

2t

32

4

22

10

2r

11

6

5

2

1

LINE

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

2ND CL BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF
➤ ➤

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL

88

Figure 83

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

ACTUATOR FD


➤ ➤

FWD SERVO COOLER

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

EX

LINE

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

➤ ➤

#2

#1

LINE

LINE

24b

2ND CL


➤ ➤ ➤


LINE

ACT FD

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE

1-2 ACCUM

3-4 ACC

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

EX

D4

D4

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

2ND

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

LINE

EX

CASE COVER (400)

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD ➤ LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

D4

LINE

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD

D2

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

D3

23

REVERSE

VBS

D2

33a

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

➤ ➤

PRN

➤ ➤ ➤

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

PUMP BODY (202)

LO D4

D3

LINE

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

LO-1ST

LO

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a 35a

3RD

3RD CL D3

D2

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE

AUX INPUT CL FD

31c

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE

ON

39e

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

32

LO

EX

➤ ➤

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD

CONV FD

EX

1 2 D D NR

P

18a

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

29a

38c

18k

#9

40b

40c

18f

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x


19f 19g ➤

EX D4

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

19c

31b

16a

11g

39c

41c

GASKET (369)
31a

39d

41b

#3

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

19d

8a

8b

2b

2c

2y

D4 2-3 SIG

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

➤ ➤

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

➤ ➤

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST ➤ PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)


LO

➤ ➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


OVERDRIVE RANGE - FIRST GEAR
NO FIRST GEAR/SLIPS IN FIRST • Forward Band Servo Assembly
– Servo piston oil seal ring (18), missing or damaged. – Servo piston (16) is stuck in the servo cover (13) or damaged. – The servo piston cushion spring (19) or retainer (20), missing or damaged. – The sevo piston pin (21) is not engaged to the forward band assembly. – Forward band assembly (688) is worn or burned. – Forward band assembly (688) is disengaged from the anchor pin (117A). – The band anchor pin (117A) is loose or missing.

• Accumulator and Manual 2-1 Band Servo Assembly
– – – – Forward band servo oil pipe (124), loose or damaged. Manual 2-1 band servo cover (104) loose, leaking. Manual 2-1 band servo cover gasket (105) missing or damaged. Accumulator cover spacer plate assembly (134) damaged.

• 1-2, 3-4 Solenoid Valve (315)
– Failed “OFF”, leaking.

• 1-2 Shift Valve (318)
– Stuck in upshifted position.

• Manual Valve (404) / Shift Linkage
– Misaligned.

• Torque Converter (1)
– Stator roller clutch not holding.

• Line Pressure
– Low (See PARK page 82A).

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON

2-3 SHIFT SOL ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING

HOLDING APPLIED

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

88A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FIRST GEAR
PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

88B

OVERDRIVE RANGE – FIRST GEAR

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)

38 40

36

18

36

35

42

42

13

43

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 39 2 29 20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;;;; ; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

34 6

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 42 31 22 2 2 8 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;;; ; ;
2 18 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;;;; ;;; ;;;; ; ;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

➤ ➤ ➤

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

16

42

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

;
37

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

Figure 84

FOLDOUT ➤ 89

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

1

23

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;
33 27

32

;; ;;; ;
43 45

;;;; ;;;;
31 33 33
➤ ➤ ➤

22

23

31

7

31

7

42 42

33

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

➤ ➤

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

OVERDRIVE RANGE – SECOND GEAR
➤ ➤

➤ TCC

RELEASE TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

➤ 18g

38b

19b

41a

11e

29d

20a

20c

40a

14c

11f

29b

29c

10b➤

➤ 2s

11a

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

D-4

1-2,3-4 SIG

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

FWD BST

REV BST

REV LINE

REVERSE
➤ ➤

LINE

➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

39f

3RD CLU

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

D2
D4

EX

EX

➤ ➤ ➤

31e 35b

PRN D3 REVERSE

D2

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX

3-2 MAN DS
13

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL

EX

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

➤ ➤

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG

➤ ➤ ➤

2ND

LINE

EX

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

TORQUE SIG

3RD

3-4 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM
EX

LINE

LINE

TCC REG APPLY

37c 37d 8 24c 24a

LINE

TCC APPLY TCC RELEASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

LINE

24b

2ND CL

LINE

ACT FD

27a

27b

14a

25b

25c

27c

13b

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13a

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2h

6a

2k

25e

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

2q

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

25f

2v

7

9

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

2r

2t

11

6

5

2

1

LINE

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

2ND CL

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL

90

Figure 85

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG


ACTUATOR FD
➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤

FWD SERVO COOLER

LINE

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM

➤ ➤

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

EX

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

➤ ➤

#2

#1

LINE

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)
➤ ➤

LUBE

1-2 ACCUM

3-4 ACC

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

EX

D4

D4

➤ EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

➤ ➤

2ND

18e 42d 42f 42g

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX ➤ Solenoid ➤

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

LINE

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

ORIFICED EXH

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3

EX

ACT FD ACT FD

CASE COVER(400)

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ ➤ TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

D4

LINE

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

VBS

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

23

D2

33a

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

PUMP BODY (202)

LO D4

D3

LINE

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

LO-1ST

LO

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a 35a

3RD

3RD CL

D2

➤ ➤

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE

AUX INPUT CL FD

31c

3RD CL

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE

ON

39e

LO-1ST

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

31f

32

LO

EX

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD

CONV FD

EX

1 2 D D NR

P

D3

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

18a

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

#9
29a

➤ 2z

38c

18k

40b

40c

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

11d

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

18f

19f 19g ➤

EX

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

16a

11g

39c

41c

GASKET (369)
31a

3RD CLUTCH

39d

20b

11c

41b

8a

#3

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2y

19d

2b

2c

D4 2-3 SIG

D4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL ➤ LO ➤ LO-1ST CHAIN OILER

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL ➤ LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

REV SERVO

;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)
INPUT CL

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤



➤ ➤

➤ ➤



➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤



OVERDRIVE RANGE - SECOND GEAR
NO SECOND GEAR/SLIPS IN SECOND • 2nd Clutch Assembly
– Second clutch backing plate retaining ring (627) missing or not seated. – Second clutch backing plate (626) missing or misassembled. – Clutch plates (623-625), worn damaged or misassembled. – Second clutch spring retaining ring (622) missing or not seated. – Spring assembly (621) damaged. – Second clutch housing ball check valve (618), missing or damaged. – Second clutch housing assembly (617) damaged.

• 2nd Clutch Fluid Routing
– Fluid leak or restriction. – Valve Body, Gaskets & Spacer Plate; Channel Plate & Gasket; and Driven Sprocket Support – Porosity, misaligned, loose, restriction, fluid leak across channels.

• Driven Sprocket Support Assembly
– Second clutch housing oil seal rings (613) damaged. – Four lobe oil seal rings (612) damaged. – Second clutch housing bushings (616, 619) worn or damaged.

• 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve (315)
– Stuck “ON”, plugged.

• Line Pressure
– Low (See PARK page 82A).

• TFP Valve Position Switch
– Malfunction (Electrical or Hydraulic)

HARSH SHIFT • Line Pressure
– High (See PARK page 82A).

• 1-2 Accumulator Assembly
– – – – Spring or piston binding; no accumulation Accumulator valve stuck. Misassembled (upside down) 1-2 accumulator assembly. Debris in the accumulator passages.

• Control Valve Body Assembly
– #2 Check Ball missing or mislocated. – 1-2 accumulator valve (341) stuck or binding. – 2-3 accumulator valve bushing (345), bore plug (343) or retainers (342, 385) missing or damaged.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL OFF

2-3 SHIFT SOL ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

HOLDING APPLIED

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

90A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - SECOND GEAR
PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

90B

OVERDRIVE RANGE – SECOND GEAR

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)

38 40

36

18

36

35

42

42

13

43

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 39 2 29 20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;;;; ; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 43a/2g 24a

32/31f

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

34 6

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 42 31 22 2 2 8 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;;; ; ;
2 18 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;;; ;;;;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

➤ ➤ ➤

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

31

33

45

23

33

16

42

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

31

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

27

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

;
37

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

Figure 86

FOLDOUT ➤ 91

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

1

23

27

33

31

7

31

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;

32

;; ;;; ;
43

;;;; ;;;;
➤ ➤ ➤

22

7

42 42

33

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

OVERDRIVE RANGE – THIRD GEAR

TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

➤ 5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

➤ 18g

38b

19b

41a

11e

29d

20a

20c

40a

14c 14b

11f

29b

29c

➤ 2s

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

D-4

1-2,3-4 SIG

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

CONV FD

EX

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

FWD BST

REV BST

➤ ➤ ➤

REV LINE

REVERSE
➤ ➤

LINE
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid

39f 39e 31c
➤ ➤

3RD CLU

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

LO D4

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

D2
D4

EX

EX

31e 35b
23

PRN REVERSE

D2

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
➤ ➤ EX

3-2 MAN DS
13

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL

EX

EX

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

➤ ➤

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG
➤ ➤ ➤

EX

2ND

LINE

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

TORQUE SIG

3RD

3-4 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM
EX

LINE

LINE

TCC REG APPLY

37c 37d 8 24c

LINE

EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

LINE

24b

2ND CL


LINE


ACT FD

27a

25e 27b

14a

27c

25b

25c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13b

12a

42c

29f

25a

13a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2h

6a

2r

2k

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

2q

7

9

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

11

6

5

2

2t

1

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

2v

25f

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG


MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

ACTUATOR FD
➤ ➤ ➤


LINE

2ND CL

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF
➤ ➤

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL

92

Figure 87

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER(400) CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

LINE

FWD SERVO ➤ COOLER

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM

➤ ➤

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

EX

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

➤ ➤

#2

#1

LINE

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)
➤ ➤

LUBE

➤ 24a

1-2 ACCUM

TCC RELEASE

3-4 ACC

➤ ➤

TCC APPLY

TORQUE SIG

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

D4

D4

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

➤ ➤

2ND

18e 42d 42f 42g

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX ➤ Solenoid ➤

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

LINE

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

ORIFICED EXH

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3

EX

ACT FD ACT FD

CASE COVER(400)

➤ ➤

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ ➤ TCC APPLY
➤ ➤

LINE

D4

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

LINE

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD
➤ ➤

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

VBS

D2

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND ➤ 3RD

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

D3

33a

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

PUMP BODY (202)

LINE

D3

LO-1ST
1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

3RD

LO

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a 35a

3RD CL

D2

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

AUX INPUT CL FD

D3

DECREASE

3RD CL

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE

N.O.

OFF

LO-1ST

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

➤ 31f

32

LO

EX

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤

18a

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

➤ 2z

29a

#9

10b➤

11a

38c

18k

40b

40c

18f

7a

28

24

27

14

12

19

11d

SPACER PLATE (370)

11c

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

19f 19g ➤

EX

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

16a

11g

39c

41c

GASKET (369)
31a

3RD CLUTCH

39d

20b

41b

19d

8a

#3

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2b

2c

2y

D4 2-3 SIG

D4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

➤ ➤

➤ TCC

RELEASE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

2ND CL

➤ ➤

3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

REV SERVO

INPUT CL

;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

COOLER

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤



➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤




OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR
NO THIRD GEAR/SLIPS IN THIRD • Third Clutch Assembly
– Input clutch housing oil seal rings (628) missing or damaged. – Third clutch ball check valve assembly (724), missing or damaged. – Third clutch piston (642) is damaged. – Third clutch piston inner seal (641) missing or damaged. – Third clutch plates (645-648) are worn or misassembled.

• Third Clutch Fluid Routing
– Valve Body, Gaskets & Spacer Plate; Channel Plate & Gasket; Driven Sprocket Support – Porosity, misaligned, loose, fluid restriction, fluid leak across channels. – Driven Sprocket Support Seals – Leaking. – Input Shaft – Seals leaking – Sleeve damaged; misaligned.

• 2-3 Shift Solenoid Valve (315)
– Stuck “ON”, leaking.

• 2-3 Accumulator
– Leak at piston seal. – Channel plate / case porosity.

• 2-3 Accumulator Valve (344)
– Stuck.

• Line Pressure
– Low (See PARK page 82A).

• 3-4 Shift Valve (362)
– Stuck in upshifted position.

• TFP Valve Position Switch (395)
– Malfunction (Electrical or Hydraulic).

THIRD GEAR ONLY • Control Valve Body Assembly
– Debris in the valve body. – Spacer plate and gaskets misassembled.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL OFF

2-3 SHIFT SOL OFF

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN

FORWARD BAND *

APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

92A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - THIRD GEAR
PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

92B

OVERDRIVE – RANGE THIRD GEAR

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)

38 40

36

18

36

35

42

42

13

43

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 39 2 29 20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;;;; ; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g 24a 37d

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

34 6

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 42 31 22 2 2 8 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;;; ; ;
2 18 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;;;; ;;; ;;;; ; ;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 35 11 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

7 33 32

42 42

33

45

33

27

33

16

42

31

7

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

31

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

27

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

;
37

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

Figure 88

FOLDOUT ➤ 93

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

31

1

23

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;

;; ;;; ;
43

;;;; ;;;;
31

➤ ➤ ➤

22

23

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

OVERDRIVE RANGE – FOURTH GEAR (Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)
INPUT CL

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

➤ 5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

➤ 18g

38b

19b

41a

11e

29d

20a

20c

40a

11c

14b 14c

11f

29b

29c

➤ 2s

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

D-4

1-2,3-4 SIG

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

CONV FD

EX

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

FWD BST

REV BST

REV LINE
➤ ➤

REVERSE
➤ ➤

LINE
➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

39f 39e 31c
➤ ➤

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS
➤ ➤

D2
D4

EX

EX

31e 35b

PRN REVERSE

D2

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

13

EX

EX

EX

LINE

D4

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

➤ ➤ ➤

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

EX

2ND

LINE

TCC REG APP

EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

TORQUE SIG

3RD

LINE

LINE

EX

TORQUE SIG

EX

➤ TCC REG APPLY

3-4 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

37c 37d 8 24c 24a

LINE

EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

LINE

24b

2ND CL


➤ ➤

LINE


ACT FD

27a

27b

25b

25c

27c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13b

13a

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2h

6a

2k

25e

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

2q

7

9

8g

29h

2v

25f

13c

EX

EX

EX

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG


MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

ACTUATOR FD
➤ ➤ ➤


LINE

2ND CL

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL

94

Figure 89

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER(400) CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

LINE

FWD SERVO ➤ COOLER

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM

➤ ➤

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)


ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

8f

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

2r

2t

11

6

5

2

1

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

➤ ➤

#2

14a

LINE

#1

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)
➤ ➤

LUBE

1-2 ACCUM

TCC RELEASE

3-4 ACC

TCC APPLY

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

D4
➤ ➤

TCC REL

D4

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

2ND

18e 42d 42f 42g

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

2-3 OFF SIG

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

LINE

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

ORIFICED EXH

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3 EX

ACT FD ACT FD

CASE COVER(400)

➤ ➤

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ TCC APPLY

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

LINE

2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD
➤ ➤

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

3-4 ACCUM

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL

LUBE COOLER

VBS

D2

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND ➤ 3RD

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

D3

23

33a

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

PUMP BODY (202)

LO D4

LINE

D3

LO-1ST

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

LO

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a 35a

3RD

3RD CL

D2

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

AUX INPUT CL FD

D3

DECREASE

EX

DECREASE


➤ ➤ ➤

3RD CLU

REVERSE

OFF

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

➤ 31f

32

LO

EX

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a 2f 30

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤

18a

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

➤ 2z

29a

#9

10b➤

11a

38c

18k

40b

40c

18f

7a

28

24

27

14

12

19

11d

SPACER PLATE (370)

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

19f 19g ➤

EX

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

16a

11g

39c

41c

GASKET (369)
31a

3RD CLUTCH

39d

20b

41b

8a

#3

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2y

19d

2b

2c

D4 2-3 SIG

D4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

➤ ➤

TCC RELEASE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER
➤ ➤

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

;
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)
INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

COOLER

➤ ➤



➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤



➤ ➤

➤ ➤




➤ ➤




➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤




➤ ➤



OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR
(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

NO FOURTH GEAR/SLIPS IN FOURTH • Fourth Clutch Assembly
– Clutch plates (500-502) worn or damaged. – Fourth clutch spring retaining ring (601), missing or not seated. – Piston (603) damaged. – Piston Seals (604, 605) worn or damaged. – Spring assembly (602) damaged. – Servo Cover (80) – Broken, loose, leaking. – Band (100) – Broken, worn, out of position. – Case (51) – Cracked at band seat.

• Fourth Clutch Fluid Routing
– Valve Body, Gaskets & Spacer Plate; Channel Plate; Case – Porosity, misaligned, loose, fluid restriction, fluid leak across channels.

• Driven Sprocket Support Assembly
– Third clutch oil passage plugged.

• 1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid Valve (315)
– Stuck “OFF”, leaking.

• 3-4 Shift Valve (362)
– Stuck in downshifted position.

• Manual Valve (404)
– Misaligned (in Manual Third).

• 3-4 Accumulator
– Leak at piston seal. – Channel plate / case porosity.

• 3-4 Accumulator Valve (323)
– Stuck.

• Line Pressure
– Low (See PARK page 82A).

• TFP Valve Position Switch (395)
– Malfunction (Hydraulic or Electrical)

FOURTH GEAR ONLY • Control Valve Body Assembly
– Debris in the valve body. – Spacer plate and gaskets misassembled.

NO TCC APPLY OR RELEASE • See 4-3 downshift page 96A.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL ON

2-3 SHIFT SOL OFF

4TH CLUTCH APPLIED

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH *

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN

FORWARD BAND *

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

94A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - FOURTH GEAR
(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

94B

OVERDRIVE RANGE – FOURTH GEAR

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 2 2 2 19 1 13 18 19 2/11 2 19 18 39 2 19 19 38 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 34 6 18 2 18 42 35 29 29 20 30 24 31 31 8 2 8 42 42 8 42 24 25 31 25 24 2

373(#5)

38 40 19

36

18 35

36

42

42

29 13 13

43

42

42

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 3 38 39 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18 39

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

2

29 25

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33 29 42 29 6 18 29 29 2 29 2 8 34

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;; ; ;
39 20 11 5 38 39 10 2 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
21 22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b
23

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 41 41 4 36 37 2 2

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

29

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

8c

10a

32

43

11d 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 22 2 2 31 2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
8 20 42 14 11 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;
20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;;;;; ;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;; ; ;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) 372(#2) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

7 33 32

42 42

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

31

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

27

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

;
37

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

Figure 90

FOLDOUT ➤ 95

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;
33 27 16

42

15

22 23

27

;; ;;; ;
43 45 15 13

;;;; ;;;;
31
➤ ➤

22

23 31 7

33

33

42

19 37

27

31 27

16

31

1

23

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

OVERDRIVE RANGE – 4-3 DOWNSHIFT
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)
INPUT CL

➤ 4TH

TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

➤ 5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

➤ 18g

38b

19b

41a

11e

29d

20a

20c

40a

11c

11d

14c

11f

29b

29c

➤ 2s

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG

D-4

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

CONV FD

EX

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

FWD BST

REV BST

REV LINE
➤ ➤

REVERSE
➤ ➤

LINE
➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid

39f 39e 31c
➤ ➤

3RD

REV

INPUT CL

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

D2
D4

EX

EX➤

31e 35b

D2

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

13

EX

EX

EX

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

➤ ➤

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG
➤ ➤ ➤

EX

2ND

LINE


TCC REG APP

TCC REL

EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

TORQUE SIG

3RD

3-4 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM

LINE

LINE

TORQUE SIG

EX

TCC REG APPLY

37c 37d 8 24c

LINE

EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

LINE

24b

2ND CL



LINE


ACT FD

27a

25e 27b

25b

25c

27c

10a

29e

15a

13b

42a

13a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2h

6a

2k

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

2q

7

9

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

2r

2t

11

6

5

2

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

2v

25f

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

➤ ➤

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

ACTUATOR FD
➤ ➤ ➤

LINE

2ND CL

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF
➤ ➤

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL

96

Figure 91

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER(400) CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

LINE

FWD SERVO ➤ COOLER

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM

➤ ➤

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)


ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

EX

EX

EX

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

➤ ➤

#2

14a

#1

LINE

1

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)
➤ ➤

LUBE

➤ 24a

1-2 ACCUM

TCC RELEASE

3-4 ACC

➤ ➤

TCC APPLY

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

D4

D4

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

2ND

18e 42d 42f 42g

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX ➤ Solenoid ➤

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

➤ ➤

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

LINE

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

➤ ORIFICED

EXH

➤ ➤ ➤ 42e
21 18d

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤

➤ ➤ EX

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3

ACT FD ACT FD

CASE COVER(400)

➤ ➤

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ ➤ TCC APPLY
➤ ➤

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

D4

LINE

2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

3-4 ACCUM

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL

LUBE COOLER

VBS

D2

33a

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND ➤ 3RD

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

23

4-3 MDS

PRN REVERSE

D3

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

➤ 3-4 SHIFT VALVE

➤ ➤

PUMP BODY (202)

LO D4

LINE

D3

LO-1ST

LO

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a 35a

3RD

3RD CL

D2

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

AUX INPUT CL FD

D3

DECREASE

EX

DECREASE

3RD CLU

REVERSE

N.O.

OFF

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX

MANUAL VALVE

EX

31f ➤

32

LO

EX

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤

18a

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

➤ 2z

29a

#9

10b➤

11a

38c

18k

40b

40c

18f

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

19f 19g ➤

EX

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

16a

11g

39c

41c

GASKET (369)
31a

3RD CLUTCH

39d

20b

41b

8a

#3

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2y

19d

2b

2c

D4 2-3 SIG

D4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

➤ ➤

➤ TCC

RELEASE

CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;

(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)
INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO


COOLER


➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤






➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤




OVERDRIVE RANGE - 4-3 DOWNSHIFT
(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

NO THIRD GEAR/SLIPS IN THIRD
See Overdrive Range – Third Gear (page 92A) for possible faults and conditions related to normal third gear operation.

NO TCC APPLY / SLIPPING / SOFT APPLY • TCC PWM Solenoid Valve (334)
– Stuck “OFF” – O-ring leaking. – No voltage to solenoid. – Poor electrical connection.

• Wiring Harness (224)
– Pinched wire (electrical short). – Damaged electrical connector.

• PCM
– No signal to solenoid.

• Brake Switch
– Not functioning (open).

• Pressure Regulator Valve (313)
– Stuck.

• Torque Converter (1)
– Internal failure.

• TCC Fluid Circuits
– Leaks.

• TCC Regulator Apply Valve (327)
– Stuck in TCC release position.

• Turbine Shaft Assembly (518)
– Turbine shaft O-ring seal (520) is damaged or missing. – Turbine shaft oil seal rings (513, 519) damaged or missing. – Turbine shaft is damaged.

• Fluid Level or Pressure
– Low.

• Cooler Lines
– Plugged.

NO TCC RELEASE • TCC PWM Solenoid Valve (334)
– Internal failure. – Fluid exhaust plugged. – External Ground.

• Torque Converter (1)
– Internal Failure.

• TCC Regulator Apply Valve (327)
– Stuck in TCC apply position.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL OFF

2-3 SHIFT SOL OFF

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN

FORWARD BAND *

APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

96A

OVERDRIVE RANGE - 4-3 DOWNSHIFT
(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

96B

OVERDRIVE RANGE – 4-3 DOWNSHIFT(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)

38 40

36

18

36

35

42

42

13

43

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 39 2 29 20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;;;; ; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

34 6

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 22 2 2 8 42 31 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;;; ; ;
2 18 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;;; ;;;;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

7 33 32

42 42

33

45

33

27

33

16

42

31

7

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

31

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

27

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

;
37

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

Figure 92

FOLDOUT ➤ 97

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

31

1

23

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;

;; ;;; ;
43

;;;; ;;;;
31

➤ ➤ ➤

22

23

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

DRIVE RANGE – MANUAL THIRD
INPUT CL

➤ ➤ ➤

TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

3RD CLUTCH

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

➤ 18g

38b

19b

41a

11e

29d

20a

20c

40a

11c

11d

14c

11f

29b

29c

➤ 2s

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG

D-4

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

CONV FD

EX

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

FWD BST

REV BST

REV LINE
➤ ➤

REVERSE
➤ ➤

LINE
➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid

39f 39e 31c
➤ ➤

3RD

REV

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

➤ 3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

D2
D4

EX

EX➤

31e

PRN

D2

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

13

EX

EX

EX

D2

3RD

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

➤ ➤

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG
➤ ➤ ➤

EX

LINE

2ND

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

TORQUE SIG

3RD

3-4 ACCUM
EX

2-3 ACCUM

LINE

LINE

TORQUE SIG

EX

TCC REG APPLY

37c 37d 8 24c 24a

LINE

EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

LINE

24b

2ND CL

LINE
➤ ➤

ACT FD

27b

27a

14a

LINE

25b

25c

27c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

23c

22a

29g

23b

14b

13b

13a

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2h

6a

2k

25e

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

2q

7

9

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

2r

2t

11

6

5

2

1

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

25f

2v

EX

EX

EX

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG


MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

ACTUATOR FD
➤ ➤ ➤


LINE

2ND CL

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF
➤ ➤

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL

98

Figure 93

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

LINE

FWD SERVO ➤ COOLER

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM

➤ ➤

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)


ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

➤ ➤

#2

#1

LUBE COOLER

D3

2-3 AC

➤ ➤

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)
➤ ➤

LUBE

1-2 ACCUM

TCC RELEASE

3-4 ACC

➤ ➤

TCC APPLY

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

D4

D4

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

2ND

18e 42d 42f 42g

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX ➤ Solenoid ➤

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

➤ ➤

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG
➤ ➤

LINE

INPUT CL FD

OIL PUMP

➤ ➤

EX

➤ ORIFICED

EXH

➤ ➤ ➤ 42e
21 18d

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤

➤ ➤ EX

FWD SERVO

LINE

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

D3

ACT FD ACT FD

CASE COVER(400)

➤ ➤

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED 3RD LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ ➤ TCC APPLY
➤ ➤

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

D4

LINE

2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS

D4 D3

37a

4TH CL

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD

#8
36c 37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

3-4 ACCUM

TFP SWITCH
➤ ➤

3RD

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

36b

4TH CL

LUBE COOLER

VBS

D2

33a

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND ➤ 3RD

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

35b
23

D3

REVERSE

35a

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

➤ ➤

PUMP BODY (202)

LO D4

D3

LO-1ST

3RD
➤ ➤

LINE

LO

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

31d 36a

3RD CL

D2

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

AUX INPUT CL FD

D3

DECREASE

INPUT CL ➤

3RD CL

EX

DECREASE

3RD CLU

REVERSE

N.O.

OFF

LO-1ST

EX
➤ ➤

MANUAL VALVE

EX

31f

32

LO

EX

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

30

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤

18a

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

➤ 2z

29a

#9

10b➤

11a

38c

18k

40b

40c

18f

7a

SPACER PLATE (370)

28

24

27

14

12

19

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

19f 19g ➤

EX

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

11g

39c

41c

GASKET (369)
31a

39d

16a

20b

41b

8a

#3

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2y

19d

2b

2c

D4 2-3 SIG

D4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

➤ ➤

➤ TCC

RELEASE

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER
➤ ➤ ➤

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE

LUBE

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

REV SERVO

;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

➤ ➤
➤ ➤

COOLER


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤




DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL THIRD
(From Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear)

NO THIRD GEAR/SLIPS IN THIRD
See Overdrive Range – Third Gear (page 92A) for possible faults and conditions related to normal third gear operation.

NO ENGINE COMPRESSION BRAKING • Input Clutch
– – – – Piston (636) and Seals (634, 635) – Binding, cracked, leaking. Clutch Plates (654-658) – Friction material worn, splines broken. Spring and retainer assembly (637) – Binding, broken. Input Housing Sleeve and Shaft (632) – Damaged, cracked, fluid feed holes restricted, seal rings leaking. – Housing Retainer and Ball Assembly (633) – Missing, loose, plugged.

• Input Clutch Fluid Routing
– Valve Body Gaskets and Spacer Plate; Channel Plate and Gasket; Driven Sprocket Support – Porosity, misaligned, loose, fluid restriction, fluid leak across channels. – Driven Sprocket Support Seals – Leaking.

• Fluid Level or Pressure
– Low (See PARK page 82A).

• 3-4 Shift Valve (362)
– Stuck in 4th gear position. (No input clutch apply).

• Manual Valve (404) / Shift Linkage
– Misaligned.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL @OFF

2-3 SHIFT SOL @OFF

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH OVERRUN

FORWARD BAND *

APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

98A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL THIRD
(From Overdrive Range - Fourth Gear)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

98B

DRIVE RANGE – MANUAL THIRD

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)

38 40

36

18

36

35

42

42

13

43

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 39 2 29 20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;;;; ; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

34 6

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 42 31 22 2 2 8 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;;; ; ;
2 18 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;; ;;;; ; ;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 35 11 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

➤ ➤ ➤

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

7

42 42

33

45

33

27

33

16

42

31

7

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

31

19

15

(28)

27

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

27

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

;
37

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

Figure 94

FOLDOUT ➤ 99

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

31

1

23

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;

32

;; ;;; ;
43

;;;; ;;;;
31

➤ ➤ ➤

22

23

33

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

DRIVE RANGE – MANUAL SECOND
➤ ➤ ➤

➤ TCC

RELEASE TCC APPLY

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

5a 10c

38a

39b

11b

➤ 18g

38b

19b

41a

11e

➤ 29d

20a

20c

40a

11c

11f

➤ 29b

➤ 29c

➤ 2s

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

D-4

1-2,3-4 SIG

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

FWD BST

REV BST

REV LINE

REVERSE

LINE
➤ ➤

2-3 Shift Solenoid N.O.

39f 39e
➤ 31c

3RD

REV

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

36a 35a 31e

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

➤ 3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

D2
D4

EX➤

EX

PRN

➤ ➤

D2

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

2-3 SHIFT VALVE
EX EX


➤ ➤

3-2 MAN DS
EX

D4 D3

37a 13

4TH CL

D2

3RD

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

INPUT CL FD

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

➤ ➤

D3 2ND

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG
➤ ➤ ➤

EX

2ND

LINE

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

TORQUE SIG

3RD

LINE

LINE

EX

EX

TCC REG APPLY

LINE

EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM

2ND CL

LINE



LINE

ACT FD

24b

27a

25e 27b

LINE

25b

25c

27c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13b

13a

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2h

6a

2r

2k

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

2q

7

9

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

11

6

5

2

2t

1

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

25f

2v

EX

EX

EX


➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG


MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

ACTUATOR FD
➤ ➤ ➤


LINE

2ND CL

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL

100

Figure 95

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

LINE

FWD SERVO ➤ COOLER

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM

➤ ➤

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)


ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)


3RD CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

➤ ➤

#2

14a

#1

LUBE COOLER

➤ ➤

D3

2-3 AC

➤ ➤

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)
➤ ➤

LUBE

24a

1-2 ACCUM

TCC RELEASE

3-4 ACC

➤ ➤

TCC APPLY

TORQUE SIG

3-4 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

37c
➤ ➤ ➤

➤ 37d 8 24c

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

D4

D4

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)

➤ ➤

2ND

18e 42d 42f 42g

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX ➤ Solenoid ➤

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

TORQ SIG

LINE

➤ ➤

OIL PUMP
➤ ➤

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d

FWD SERVO

LINE ORIFICED EXH

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

D3

EX

ACT FD ACT FD

CASE COVER(400)

2ND CL

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED ➤ ➤3RD ➤ LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 2ND ➤ ➤ TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO

18b

D4

LINE

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD

#8
36c

37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH
➤ ➤

3RD

36b

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

VBS

➤ ➤

D2

1-2,3-4 SIG 2ND 3RD
➤ ➤

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

35b
23

D3

REVERSE

33a

➤ ➤ ➤

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

D3

PUMP BODY (202)

LINE

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. OFF

D2

➤ ➤

LO D4

D3

LO-1ST

31d

3RD

LO

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

3RD CL

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE

INPUT CL ➤

AUX INPUT CL FD
➤ ➤

EX

DECREASE

3RD CLU

REVERSE

ON

LO-1ST 3RD CL

EX
➤ ➤

MANUAL VALVE

EX

31f

32

LO

EX

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

D-4

30

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a

2f

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD

CONV FD

EX

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤

18a

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

➤ 2z

29a

38c

#9

10b➤

11a

18k

40b

40c

18f

7a

28

24

27

14

12

19

11d

14c

SPACER PLATE (370)

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

19f 19g ➤

EX

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

16a

11g

39c

41c

GASKET (369)

3RD CLUTCH

39d

20b

31a

41b

8a

#3

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2y

19d

2b

2c

D4 2-3 SIG

D4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

➤ ➤

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO LO-1ST CHAIN OILER
➤ ➤ ➤

4TH CL INPUT CL 2ND CL ➤ 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤

LUBE
➤ ➤

LUBE

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

REV SERVO

INPUT CL 3RD CL/LO-1ST


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤



;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER

➤ ➤ ➤
➤ ➤

COOLER


➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤



➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤



DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL SECOND
(From Drive Range - Manual Third)

NO MANUAL SECOND GEAR
See Overdrive Range – Second Gear (page 90A) for possible faults and conditions related to normal second gear operation.

NO ENGINE COMPRESSION BRAKING • Input Clutch
– No apply / slipping (See MANUAL THIRD page 98A)

• 2-1 Manual Band Servo
– – – – – – – No apply / slipping. Servo Piston (108) – Broken, binding. Servo Piston Seal (107) – Leaking. Servo Pin (111) and Springs (109, 112) – Binding, broken. Servo Cover (104) – Broken, loose, leaking. Band (680) – Broken, worn, out of position. Case (3) – Cracked at band seat.

• Band Apply Fluid Routing
– Valve Body, Gaskets & Spacer Plate; Channel Plate; Case – Porosity, misaligned, loose, fluid restriction, fluid leak across channels.

• TFP Valve Position Switch (395)
– Leaking, inoperative.

• 2-3 Shift Valve (357)
– Stuck in third gear position.

• Manual Valve (404) / Shift Linkage
– Misaligned.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL @OFF

2-3 SHIFT SOL @ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH APPLIED

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH *

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH OVERRUN

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

HOLDING APPLIED

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

100A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL SECOND
(From Drive Range - Manual Third)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

100B

DRIVE RANGE – MANUAL SECOND

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)

38 40

36

18

36

35

42

42

13

43

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 39 2 29 20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;;;; ; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 2 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

34 6

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 42 31 22 2 2 8 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;;; ; ;
2 18 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;;;; ;;; ;;;; ; ;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29 20

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

➤ ➤ ➤

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

7

42 42

31

33

45

33

27

33

16

42

31

7

42

15

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

31

19

15

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

27

37

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

Figure 96

FOLDOUT ➤ 101

(28)

27

;

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

22 23

27

15

13

19 37

27

31 27

16

31

1

23

23

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;

32

;; ;;; ;
43

;;;; ;;;;
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

22

33

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

➤ ➤

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

DRIVE RANGE – MANUAL FIRST
INPUT CL
➤ ➤ ➤
➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ TCC

RELEASE TCC APPLY

3RD CL

LO

3RD CLU/ LO 1ST

LO-1ST

4TH CL

39a

19c

➤ 5a 10c

➤ 2z 20b

38a

39b

11b

➤ 18g

38b

19b

41a

11e

29d

20a

20c

40a

11c

11f

29b

29c

➤ 2s

TORQ SIG

D-4

LINE LINE

LO-1ST PRN

TORQUE SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG

D-4

ACT FD

LOW /1ST GEAR LINE LINE

CONV FD

EX

D SRV AP

REV SERV

LO-1ST

FWD BST

REV BST

LINE
➤ ➤

3RD CLU

3RD

REV

LO D4

CONV FD TORQUE SIG LOW/1ST GEAR

36a 35a 31e 35b
23

LINE

LINE

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

➤ 3-4 SHIFT VALVE

4-3 MDS

D2
D4

EX

EX

➤ ➤ ➤

PRN
➤ ➤ ➤

D2

LINE LINE

TORQUE SIG REG
EX EX

D4 D3

2-3 SHIFT VALVE

3-2 MAN DS
EX

37a 13

4TH CL

EX

EX

2ND CL

D2

3RD

TORQUE SIG 3RD INPUT CL FD

EX

D3 2ND

ACTUATOR FD

ACT FD

1-2 ACCUM VALVE
EX EX

➤ ➤

SUCTION

TCC RELEASE

2-3 OFF SIG

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

2ND

LINE

EX

TCC REG APP

TCC REL

EX

TCC SIG (PWM)

TORQUE SIG

3RD

LINE

LINE

EX

EX

TCC REG APPLY

TORQUE SIG

LINE

TCC APPLY TCC RELEASE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

EX

3RD

2-3 ACCUM


LINE

24b

2ND CL

LINE

ACT FD

27a

25e 27b

27c

25b

25c

10a

29e

15a

42a

42b

29g

23b

23c

22a

14b

13b

13a

12a

42c

29f

25a

2m

9a

8c

2n

6b

2h

6a

2k

25d

8e

12b

23a

22b

9b

8d

2q

7

9

8g

29h

8f

➤ 13c

2v

25

26

18

32

4

22

10

2r

2t

11

6

5

2

1

EX

EX

EX

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG

MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

THERMOSTATIC ELEMENT (121)

ACTUATOR FD


➤ ➤

FWD SERVO COOLER

LINE

2ND CL

➤ ➤

PRESSURES
INTAKE & DECREASE CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE ACTUATOR FEED ACCUMULATOR SOLENOID SIGNAL TORQUE SIGNAL

BOTTOM PAN (24)
EX

TORQUE CONVERTER BLOW-OFF

COOLER BALL CHECK VALVE

2ND CL


102

Figure 97

COOLER

ORIFICED CUP PLUG
➤ ➤ ➤

MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE (125)

FWD SERVO

CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)

MANUAL 2/1 SERVO (108)

FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE ➤ (124)

FORWARD SERVO (15-22)

FILTER ASSEMBLY (100)

LINE

➤ ➤

1-2 ACCUM 2-3 ACCUM

➤ ➤

2ND CL MAN 2-1 SERVO FD

CASE (3)

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

3RD CL ➤ MAN 2-1 SERVO FD 1-2 ACCUM ➤

25f

➤ ➤

#2

14a

#1

LINE

LUBE COOLER

➤ ➤


D3

➤ ➤

2-3 AC

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

LUBE


24a

1-2 ACCUM

3-4 ACC

3-4 ACCUM

2-3 ACCUM

37c
➤ ➤ ➤

➤ 37d 8 24c

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

D4

D4

EX

2-3 ACCUMULATOR (136)

1-2 ACCUMULATOR (136)

LUBE PIPE (126)


2ND

18e 42d 42f 42g

TCC CONTROL (PWM) EX Solenoid

TORQ SIG ➤
➤ ➤

D4

TCC CONTROL VALVE

1-2 ACCUM LINE 1-2 ACCUM ➤ ➤ LINE D4

2g 43a 3 2w 2p

LINE


INPUT CL FD

➤ ➤

OIL PUMP

3-4 ACCUM

2e ➤ 42e 21 18d

FWD SERVO

LINE ORIFICED EXH

3RD CLUTCH

EX

EX

18c

EX

3-4 ACCUMULATOR (428)
ACT FD LIM VALVE
XE XE

D3

EX

ACT FD ACT FD

CASE COVER(400)

➤ ➤

TORQUE SIG ➤ CONVERTER FEED ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ 3RD ➤ LOW/1ST GEAR ➤ ➤ CONVERTER FEED D2 ➤ ➤ 2ND ➤ TCC APPLY

LINE

2-3 SIG MAN 2-1 SERVO
➤ ➤

18b

D4

LINE

Pressure Control Solenoid

D3

LINE

3RD

#8
36c

37b

FILT LINE

DECREASE

TFP SWITCH
➤ ➤

3RD

36b

ACT FD

D2 AUX INP CL FD

4TH CL 3-4 ACCUM

LUBE COOLER

VBS

➤ ➤

D2

➤ ➤

➤ ➤ ➤

4TH CL 2-3 OFF SIG

1-2,3-4 SIG ➤ ➤ 2ND 3RD

D3

REVERSE

33a

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

1-2 SHIFT VALVE

3RD ORIF EX

D3

PUMP BODY (202)

LINE

D3

1-2, 3-4 Shift Solenoid N.O. ON

D2

LO-1ST

3RD

LO

➤ ➤ ➤

LO

D-4

IN CL FD

31d

3RD CL

PRN REVERSE

PRN

D-2 D-3

DECREASE

INPUT CL ➤

AUX INPUT CL FD
➤ ➤ ➤

31c

3RD CL

EX

DECREASE

REVERSE

N.O.

ON

REV LINE

REVERSE

2-3 Shift Solenoid

39f 39e ➤

LO-1ST

EX
➤ ➤

MANUAL VALVE

EX

31f

32

LO

EX

D4

EX

2-3 SIGNAL

LINE

D-4

#4

LO-1ST

LINE REV BST

PRESS REG VALVE

4a 2f 30

2ND CLUTCH

EX

FWD SERVO

3RD
➤ ➤

1 2 D D NR

P

➤ ➤

18a

GASKET (371) CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

29a

#9

10b➤

11a

18k

40c

7a

28

24

27

14

12

19

11d

14c

SPACER PLATE (370)

1

31

17

15

16

33

29

20

19e

3a

2a

2d

2x

38c

40b

18f

19f 19g ➤

EX

LO

#7

#10

#5

#6

PRN

31b

16a

11g

39c

41c

GASKET (369)
31a

3RD CLUTCH

39d

41b

8a

#3

LO BLOW OFF VALVE

REVERSE

8b

2y

19d

2b

2c

D4 2-3 SIG

D4

LUBE COOLER

CASE (3) CASE COVER (400)

LINE

LINE ➤ REV SERVO

LINE

➤ ➤

LOW /1ST GEAR CONVERTER FEED LO-1ST ➤

4TH CL INPUT CL ➤ 2ND CL ➤ 3RD CL/LO-1ST ➤ 3RD CL LO ➤ LO-1ST CHAIN OILER
➤ ➤ ➤

4TH CL INPUT CL ➤ 2ND CL ➤ 3RD CL/LO-1ST 3RD CL LO ➤ LO-1ST PRN REVERSE

COOLER CONNECTOR (29)

➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

LUBE
➤ ➤

LUBE

➤➤

2ND CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

EX

REVERSE SERVO (39-49)

LINE PRESSURE TAP (38)

LUBE

LUBE
➤ ➤

➤ ➤

3RD CL/LO-1ST 2ND CL 4TH CL

3RD CL/LO-1ST

REV SERVO

➤ ➤


;;;;; ;;;;; ; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;; ;;;;;
TORQUE CONVERTER (1)
➤ ➤

INPUT CL

4TH CLUTCH HOUSING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

2ND CLUTCH HOUSING(617)

INPUT HOUSING ASSEMBLY (632)
INPUT CL

COOLER


➤ ➤

COOLER

➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤



➤ ➤ ➤ ➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤




➤ ➤


➤ ➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤

➤ ➤


➤ ➤

➤ ➤


DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL FIRST
(From Drive Range - Manual Second)

NO MANUAL FIRST GEAR
See Overdrive Range – First Gear (page 88A) for possible faults and conditions related to normal first gear operation.

NO ENGINE COMPRESSION BRAKING • Input Clutch
– No apply / slipping (See MANUAL THIRD page 98A)

• Third Clutch
– No apply / slipping (See Overdrive Range Third Gear page 92A)

• 2-1 Manual Band Servo
– – – – – – – No apply / slipping. Servo Piston (108) – Broken, binding. Servo Piston Seal (107) – Leaking. Servo Pin (111) and Springs (109, 112) – Binding, broken. Servo Cover (104) – Broken, loose, leaking. Band (680) – Broken, worn, out of position. Case (3) – Cracked at band seat.

• Band Apply Fluid Routing
– Valve Body, Gaskets & Spacer Plate; Channel Plate; Case – Porosity, misaligned, loose, fluid restriction, fluid leak across channels.

• TFP Valve Position Switch (395)
– Leaking, inoperative.

• 2-3 Shift Valve (357)
– Stuck in third gear position.

• Manual Valve (404) / Shift Linkage
– Misaligned.

1-2, 3-4 SHIFT SOL @ON

2-3 SHIFT SOL @ON

4TH CLUTCH

REVERSE BAND

2ND CLUTCH

3RD CLUTCH

3RD SPRAG CLUTCH

INPUT CLUTCH

INPUT SPRAG CLUTCH

2/1 BAND

1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH

FORWARD BAND

APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED HOLDING APPLIED

* APPLIED BUT NOT EFFECTIVE

102A

DRIVE RANGE - MANUAL FIRST
(From Drive Range - Manual Second)

PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 SUCTION LINE PRN 2-3 SIGNAL 1-2, 3-4 SIGNAL INPUT CLUTCH FEED INPUT CLUTCH TORQUE SIGNAL TCC SIGNAL (PWM) ACTUATOR FEED CONVERTER FEED TCC REGULATED APPLY TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER LUBE/LINE DECREASE D-4 FORWARD SERVO LO/1ST GEAR AUXILIARY INPUT CLUTCH FEED 1-2 ACCUMULATOR 2-3 ACCUMULATOR 3-4 ACCUMULATOR 2ND 2ND EXHAUST 2ND CLUTCH 2-3 OFF SIGNAL 3RD 3RD/EXHAUST 3RD CLUTCH 3RD CLUTCH/LO -1ST 4TH CLUTCH 4TH CLUTCH EXHAUST D3 D2 MANUAL 2-1 SERVO LO LO-1ST REVERSE REVERSE SERVO EXHAUST CASTING VOID

COMPONENTS (
(28) (29) (37) (38) (124) (125) (126) (219) (372) (373) (382)

)

COOLER LINE CHECKBALL ASSEMBLY COOLER LINE CONNECTOR VENT ASSEMBLY PLUG, PIPE PIPE, FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE, MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE, LUBE OIL SCREEN ASSEMBLY, OIL PUMP PRESSURE CHECKBALLS #1, #2, #3, #4, #7, #8, #9, #10 CHECKBALL #5, #6 SCREEN ASSEMBLY

102B

DRIVE RANGE – MANUAL FIRST

; ;
17 2

43

43

43

PUMP COVER (201) (Oil Pump Body Side)

;; ;; ;;; ;;;
42 2 17 2 1 43

(219)

2

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Pump Cover Side)

OIL PUMP BODY (202) (Control Valve Body Side)

; ;; ;;
42 17 2 2 1
17

42

;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;; ;;
42 18 18 17 2 19 2 2 2 29 13 19 1

373(#5)

38 40

36

18

36

35

42

42

13

43

42

;;
13 42 2/11 3 38 18 39 39 2 29 20 10 25 39 39 11 10 2 8

42

23

372(#8)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Oil Pump Body Side)
41 18 19 41 4 36 37 2 2 7 18 36 35 37 33 6 29 19 19 38 19 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

40 SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) 40 40 41 2 2 2 36 37

19

19 19 18

19 2 19 2/11 18

2

3 38 8

7 18

38

6 36 35 36 37 2 24 31 33

29 42

18

37

31 42 22 2 22 2 2 2 8 42 27 31 42 24 25

31

2 23 23 22 23

2

25

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(371) (Control Valve Body/Spacer Plate)

;; ;;
29 29 2 29 20 29 8 2 8 42 13 11 24 11 13 26 12 19 1 14 19 14 2 3 3 38 35 42 42 42 24 42 42 42 31 37 42 1

; ; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;;;; ; ;
39 39 2 29 20 25 11 5 38 39 10 34 6 2 2 18 2 8 29 8 2 11 8 25 11 14 9 12 42 9 2 15 10 412 2

3a 2a 41b/40b 19d/18f 15 18g 19e 2c 20 29 40a SCREEN/SEAL 41a 2b/11a 38b 16 19b 41c/40c ASM. (382) 18a 19c/18k SCREEN/SEAL 30 7a 29e 20a 39f 2x ASM. (382) 38a 2f/4a 2e 36a 2d 37c 36b 35a 37b/36c
13

18e 18d 6b
22

42e 33a 29h 6a 18b 29g 42b 35b

10 37a 18c 32/31f 43a/2g

24a

29c 25b 31b/29b 31a/29a 20c 14c 31e 8g 42d 42f 24 8e 42b 11g 9a 2w 4 31c 19 22c 2p 1013a 11e 22b 3 9b 12a 42g 16/2s 2t 11f 24b 18 8f 2r 6 12 9 42a 24c 11 2v 2q 13b 23c 8 42c 26 23a 5 31d 25c 12b 22a 25d 32 2n 19f 25e/27b 27c 25 1a 13c/14a 15a 25f/27a 23b 14b 19g 37d
2

SPACER PLATE (370)
(37)

;; ;;
29f 29d 20b/2z
28

;; ; ;; ;; ;; ; ;; ; ;;
39a 39b
14 21 33

8b

SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382) SCREEN/SEAL ASM. (382)

2

40 41

39c 27 5a/10c 1 11b 10b 25a 39d/38c 39e 2h 2k

34 6

2y

8a

7

31

2m

8d

11c

23

8c

10a

18 32 43 24 37 22 16 2 23 23 22 23 27 42 31 22 2 2 8 31 2 42 42 24 25 25 31

42 35 29

11d

2

GASKET IDENTIFICATION

GASKET(369) (Spacer Plate/Case Cover)

;; ;;
29 20 30 8 31 20 8 2 8 42 14 11 24 13 11 13 26 12 19 1 19 14

; ; ;;; ; ; ;; ;;;; ; ;
2 18 2 8 25 11 11 9 12 42 2 13/14 15

8

2 10

10

43

2

9

43 43

;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;;;; ;; ;;;;; ;;;;;;; ;;;;; ;;; ; ;; ;;;;; ;; ;;; ;;;;; ;;;; ;;;;; ;; ;; ;; ;;; ;; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ; ;; ;;; ; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;;;; ;;;;;
373(#6)
42 42 3 40 4 41 19 18 39 2 11 2 17 43 43 40 19 38 8 39 38 28 2 29 2518 20 42 5 43 7 28 18 18 39 11 5 10 28 36 11 35 7 6 29 33 42 39 42 37 21 6 18 2 2 42 8 4 28 36 3742 18 29 42 29 29 2 8 43 43 2 11 13 8 10 2 25 24 37 31 22 2 42 8 22 8 31 24 2 19 2 8 24 2 42 23 42 28 22 31 25 27 27 23 43 19

372(#7)

2 10 43

372(#9) 372(#10)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300) (Case Cover Side)
372(#3)
3 2 19 18

43

; ;
20 2 13 13 1 43 19 38 6 29 33 35 42 18 42 24 31 25

29

14

8 42 1111

12

9

25

15

42

9

43

12

43

43

2

14 43

43

14

15

8

42

38 36 35

41

3

39

18

40

3

(411)

10

11

20

36

39

25

39

7

2

18

29

2

➤ ➤ ➤

8

2

36

43

42

35

39

2

37

7

25

37

43 43

11

8

11

43

14

11

9

43

42

43

11

12

43

2

13

15

13/14

372(#1)

CASE COVER (400) (Control Valve Body Side) NOTE: -

; ;
20 29 42 8 43 2 25 13 1 14

29

39

31

43

372(#4)

31

24

33

42

2

37

22

8

2

16

2

27

42

23

19

31

37

27

22

23

372(#2)

(38) 2

44 10

DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT (609)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

43

41

3 41 43 35 38 7

7

42 42

16 ➤

43

22

19

1

13

31

16

31

19

15

11

15

16

16

45

(29)

CASE (3) (Bottom)

23 23 22 22

27

37

(29)

16

16

16

15

(28)

CASE COVER (400) (Case Side)

CASE (3) (Case Cover Face)

ACCUMULATOR SPACER PLATE (134)

2/1 MANUAL SERVO BODY COVER (104)

Figure 98

FOLDOUT ➤ 103

(28)

27

;

ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

; ;; ;; ;; ;; ; ;;

;;;; ;;;;
33 27 16

32

42

15

22 23

27

;; ;;; ;
43 45 15 13

;;;; ;;;;
31 33 33 42 19 37 27 31 27 1 23
➤ ➤ ➤ ➤

22

23

31

7

16

31

33

;;; ;;; ;;; ;;; ;; ;;
45 1

;
22 23 23

19

(126) 16

(128)

16 LUBE

(130)

19

16

22

37

27

37

37

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140)

;;
16 19 37 37 16

;; ;; ;;
16 19 37 31 27 23 22

- NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. - DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE CHANNEL PLATE SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST - EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN
(124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE
19

31

27

22

;
37 16

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

(126) LUBE PIPE (124) FORWARD SERVO APPLY PIPE (125) MANUAL SERVO APPLY PIPE

37

LUBRICATION POINTS
CASE COVER (400) CASE (3)

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE (313)

CONTROL VALVE BODY (300)

OIL PUMP BODY (202)

LINE

LINE
➤ ➤

LUBE

➤ ➤

➤ ➤

LUBE FROM COOLER

ACCUMULATOR HOUSING (140) ACCUMULATOR COVER (132)

FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR (693) LUBE PIPE (126)

104

Figure 99

THRUST WASHER LOCATIONS
517

514

630

691 708 703

432 505 508 611

706

714

432 FOURTH CLUTCH SHAFT THRUST WASHER 505 FOURTH CLUTCH SHAFT THRUST WASHER 508 DRIVEN SPROCKET THRUST WASHER 514 DRIVE SPROCKET THRUST WASHER 517 DRIVE SPROCKET THRUST WASHER 611 SECOND CLUTCH HOUSING THRUST WASHER

630 INPUT CLUTCH HOUSING THRUST WASHER (SELECTIVE) 691 1/2 SUPPORT/INTERNAL GEAR THRUST WASHER 703 DIFFERENTIAL PINION THRUST WASHER 706 DIFFERENTIAL SIDE GEAR THRUST WASHER (BRONZE) 708 PLANETARY PINION GEAR THRUST WASHER (STEEL) 714 DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER/CASE THRUST WASHER

WH51129-4T65-E

Figure 100

105

BUSHING LOCATIONS
2

523

616

677

679

686

619

M15/MN3 MODELS 7A 503 631 614 690

2 TORQUE CONVERTER BUSHING 7A FRONT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER BUSHING 503 FOURTH CLUTCH SHAFT BEARING BUSHING 523 TURBINE SHAFT BUSHING 614 SECOND CLUTCH HOUSING BUSHING 616 SECOND CLUTCH HOUSING FRONT BUSHING

619 SECOND CLUTCH HOUSING REAR BUSHING 631 INPUT SHAFT BUSHING 677 REACTION SUN GEAR BUSHING (LEFT SIDE) 679 REACTION SUN GEAR BUSHING (RIGHT SIDE) 686 FORWARD DRUM BUSHING 690 FRONT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER INTERNAL GEAR BUSHING

WH51133-4T65-E

106

Figure 101

BEARING LOCATIONS

208

521

674

685 715

695 676 7B MN 7 MODELS

431

709 723 606 629 644 671 698

7B OUTPUT SHAFT BEARING ASSEMBLY 208 OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT BEARING 431 FRONT WHEEL DRIVE SHAFT BEARING 521 DRIVE SPROCKET BEARING ASSEMBLY 606 DRIVEN SPROCKET BEARING ASSEMBLY 629 INPUT CLUTCH HOUSING THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 644 INPUT SHAFT THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 671 INPUT SUN GEAR THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 674 REACTION CARRIER THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY

676 REACTION SUN GEAR THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 685 1–2 DRUM SUPPORT THRUST BEARING 695 FRONT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER INTERNAL GEAR THRUST BEARING 698 FRONT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER SUN GEAR THRUST BEARING 709 FRONT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER PLANETARY PINION BEARING 715 FRONT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER THRUST BEARING 723 INPUT CLUTCH HOUSING THRUST BEARING
WH51142-4T65-E

Figure 102

107

LIP SEAL LOCATIONS

620

642

525

620 604 43

642

635

641

4

605

409

634

101

107 806 137A & 138B 18

4 FRONT WHEEL DRIVE SHAFT OIL SEAL ASSEMBLY (RIGHT SIDE) 18 FORWARD BAND SERVO PISTON OIL SEAL RING

525 TORQUE CONVERTER OIL SEAL ASSEMBLY 604 FOURTH CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (OUTER) 605 FOURTH CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (INNER)

43 REVERSE BAND SERVO PISTON OIL SEAL RING 620 SECOND CLUTCH PISTON AND SEAL ASSEMBLY 101 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OIL FILTER SEAL 634 INPUT CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (INNER) 107 MANUAL 2–1 BAND SERVO PISTON SEAL 635 INPUT CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (OUTER) 137A 1–2 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OIL SEAL RING 641 THIRD CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (INNER) 137B 2–3 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OIL SEAL RING 642 THIRD CLUTCH PISTON AND SEAL ASSEMBLY 409 FRONT WHEEL DRIVE SHAFT OIL SEAL ASSEMBLY (LEFT SIDE) 806 MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT SEAL

WH51144-4T65-E

108

Figure 103

SQUARE AND O-RING SEAL LOCATIONS

213 228 519 212

613 520 221 612 41

220 638

810 11

513

422

427

8

105

137A 628 137B 113

14

8 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE CASE EXTENSION SEAL 11 VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR (O-RING) SEAL

221 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OIL PUMP SLIDE SEAL SUPPORT 228 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT

14 FORWARD BAND SERVO COVER SEAL 422 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON CYLINDER (O-RING) SEAL 41 REVERSE BAND SERVO COVER (O-RING) SEAL 427 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OIL SEAL 105 MANUAL 2–1 BAND SERVO COVER GASKET 513 TURBINE SHAFT OIL SEAL RING 113 MANUAL 2–1 BAND SERVO PISTON CYLINDER (O-RING) SEAL 137A 1–2 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OIL SEAL RING 137B 2–3 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OIL SEAL RING 212 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OIL PUMP SLIDE OIL SEAL RING 213 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OIL PUMP SLIDE (O-RING) SEAL 220 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OIL PUMP SLIDE SEAL 810 PARK PAWL ACTUATOR GUIDE (O-RING) SEAL
WH51146-4T65-E

519 TURBINE SHAFT OIL SEAL RING 520 TURBINE SHAFT (O-RING) SEAL 612 SECOND CLUTCH HOUSING OIL SEAL RING (FOUR LOBE) SEAL 613 SECOND CLUTCH HOUSING OIL SEAL RING 628 INPUT CLUTCH HOUSING OIL SEAL RING 638 THIRD CLUTCH HOUSING (O-RING) SEAL

Figure 104

109

GASKET LOCATIONS
54 369

430

371

429

59

105 25

25 GASKET, AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OIL PAN 54 GASKET, CONTROL VALVE BODY COVER 59 GASKET, CONTROL VALVE BODY COVER INNER 105 GASKET, MANUAL 2-1 BAND SERVO COVER

369 GASKET, CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE 371 GASKET, CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE 429 GASKET, AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE CASE COVER LOWER 430 GASKET, AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE CASE COVER UPPER
WH51146-4T65-E

110

Figure 105

CASE AND ASSOCIATED PARTS (1 of 4)
379 206 58 207 224 381 395 375 377 205 226 378 374 200 59 390 391 380 300 372 382 376 371 384 373 373 382 372 368

368

369 370

53 57 56

54

3

3 TRANSAXLE CASE ASSEMBLY 53 CASE SIDE COVER 54 CASE SIDE COVER GASKET 56 CASE SIDE COVER BOLT M8 X 1.25 X 25 (11) 57 SIDE COVER TORX® HEAD BOLT M8 X 1.25 X 21 (4) 58 SIDE COVER TO CASE STUD M8 X 1.25 X 24 (2) 59 SIDE COVER TO CHANNEL PLATE SEAL 200 OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY 205 PUMP COVER TO PUMP BODY BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 20.0 (1) 206 PUMP BODY TO CASE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 95.0 (2) 207 PUMP COVER TO CHANNEL PLATE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 85.0 (9) 224 WIRING HARNESS ASSEMBLY 381 VALVE BODY TO CASE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 20.0 (1) 226 WIRING HARNESS CLIP 382 TCC SOLENOID VALVE SCREEN/SEAL ASSEMBLY 300 CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY 384 VALVE BODY TO CASE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 85.0 (1) 368 SPACER PLATE AND GASKETS/VALVE BODY BOLT 390 TEMPERATURE SENSOR CLIP 369 CASE COVER/SPACER PLATE GASKET 391 FLUID TEMPERATURE SENSOR 370 VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY 371 VALVE BODY TO SPACER PLATE GASKET 395 FLUID PRESSURE MANUAL VALVE POSITION SWITCH ASSEMBLY
WH49319-4T65-E

372 BALL CHECK VALVE 373 BALL CHECK VALVE 374 CONTROL VALVE BODY BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 65.0 (3) 375 VALVE BODY TO CASE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 60.0 (3) 376 VALVE BODY TO CASE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 30.0 (1) 377 VALVE BODY TO CHANNEL PLATE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 45.0 (2) 378 VALVE BODY TO CHANNEL PLATE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 55.0 (3) 379 VALVE BODY TO CASE BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 95.0 (1) 380 VALVE BODY TO CASE BOLT M8 X 1.25 X 90.0 (1)

Figure 106

111

CASE AND ASSOCIATED PARTS (2 of 4)
1 39 40 46 48 37 38 41 42 43 44 9 47 45 8 4 5 MN 7 MODELS 7B 11 6 10 2

49

227

372 228 7A M15/MN3 MODELS 21 20

372 29 400 3 101 100 26 19

22

28

12

18 27 25 24

16

15

14

13

23
1 2 3 4 5 6 7A 7B 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY TORQUE CONVERTER BUSHING TRANSAXLE CASE RIGHT AXLE OIL SEAL ASSEMBLY CASE EXTENSION BOLT M10 X 1.5 X 35.0 CASE EXTENSION ASSEMBLY FRONT DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER BUSHING OUTPUT SHAFT BEARING ASSEMBLY CASE EXTENSION SEAL VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR BOLT M8 X 1.25 X 12.0 VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR ASSEMBLY VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR O-RING SEAL FWD SERVO COVER BOLT M6 X 1.0 X 20.0 FORWARD BAND SERVO COVER FORWARD BAND SERVO COVER SEAL FORWARD BAND SERVO PIN RETAINING RING FORWARD BAND SERVO PISTON FORWARD BAND SERVO PISTON OIL SEAL RING FORWARD BAND SERVO PISTON CUSHION SPRING FORWARD SERVO CUSHION SPRING RETAINER FORWARD BAND SERVO PISTON APPLY PIN FORWARD BAND SERVO PISTON RETURN SPRING TRANSMISSION OIL PAN BOLT M8 X 1.25 X 18.0 TRANSMISSION OIL PAN TRANSMISSION OIL PAN GASKET 26 27 28 29 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 100 101 227 228 372 400 TRANSMISSION OIL PAN MAGNET OIL DAM COOLER PIPE FITTING 1/4 18 NPSF COOLER PIPE FITTING 1/4 - 18 NPSF TRANSMISSION VENT ASSEMBLY OIL PRESSURE TEST HOLE PLUG 1/8 27 NPTF REVERSE BAND SERVO COVER RETAINING RING REVERSE BAND SERVO COVER REVERSE BAND SERVO COVER O-RING SEAL REVERSE BAND SERVO PIN RETAINING RING REVERSE BAND SERVO PISTON OIL SEAL RING REVERSE BAND SERVO PISTON REVERSE BAND SERVO PISTON CUSHION SPRING REVERSE BAND SERVO PISTON CUSHION SPRING RETAINER REVERSE BAND SERVO PISTON CUSHION SPRING (INNER) REVERSE BAND SERVO PISTON APPLY PIN REVERSE BAND SERVO PISTON RETURN SPRING TRANSMISSION OIL FILTER ASSEMBLY TRANSMISSION OIL FILTER SEAL ASSEMBLY OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT ASSEMBLY OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT SEAL CASE COVER BALL CHECK VALVE CASE COVER ASSEMBLY WH49402-4T65-E

112

Figure 107

CASE AND ASSOCIATED PARTS (3 of 4)
434 527 400 514 502 501 502 501 500 503 504

432

3 435 524 433 436 525

526

519 507 515 513 516 517 518

520

522 521

523

526

510-A/510B

512 509 508 505
3 TRANSAXLE CASE ASSEMBLY 400 COMPLETE CASE COVER ASSEMBLY 432 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT THRUST WASHER 433 CASE COVER BOLT/SCREW (TORX® SPECIAL) M6 X 1.0 X 32.0 434 CASE COVER BOLT/SCREW M6 X 1.0 X 40.0 517 DRIVE SPROCKET THRUST WASHER 435 CASE COVER BOLT/SCREW M8 X 1.25 X 50.0 518 TURBINE SHAFT 436 CASE COVER BOLT/SCREW M6 X 1.0 X 30.0 519 TURBINE SHAFT OIL SEAL RING 500 4TH CLUTCH BACKING PLATE 520 TURBINE SHAFT O-RING SEAL 501 4TH CLUTCH FIBER PLATE ASSEMBLY 521 DRIVE SPROCKET BEARING ASSEMBLY 502 4TH CLUTCH STEEL PLATE 522 DRIVE SPROCKET SUPPORT 503 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT BEARING BUSHING 523 DRIVE SPROCKET SUPPORT BUSHING 504 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT ASSEMBLY 505 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT THRUST WASHER 506 DRIVEN SPROCKET 507 DRIVE LINK ASSEMBLY 508 DRIVEN SPROCKET THRUST WASHER 524 DRIVE SPROCKET SUPPORT BOLT/SCREW M8 X 1.25 X 24.0 525 TORQUE CONVERTER OIL SEAL ASSEMBLY 526 CASE COVER PIN 527 VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR RELUCTOR WHEEL ASSEMBLY
WH49404-4T65-E

506

509 OUTBOARD DRIVE SHAFT RETAINING RING 510 OUPUT SHAFT 512 INBOARD DRIVE SHAFT RETAINING RING 513 TURBINE SHAFT OIL SEAL RING 514 DRIVE SPROCKET THRUST WASHER 515 DRIVE SPROCKET RETAINING RING 516 DRIVE SPROCKET

Figure 108

113

CASE AND ASSOCIATED PARTS (4 of 4)
3

102
115 140 123 143 136B 137B 138 135B 134 139 136A 137A 142 135A 124 130 132 125 105 128 131 126 103
3 TRANSAXLE CASE ASSEMBLY 102 PIN, BAND ANCHOR (2-1 MANUAL) 103 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO COVER BOLT/SCREW M8 X 1.25 X 25.0 (3) 104 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO COVER 105 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO COVER GASKET 106 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON PIN RETAINING RING 107 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON SEAL 108 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON 109 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON CUSHION SPRING 110 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON SPRING RETAINER 111 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON PIN 112 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON SPRING 113 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON CYLINDER O-RING SEAL 114 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO PISTON CYLINDER 115 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO EXHAUST SCREEN ASSEMBLY 117A FORWARD BAND ANCHOR PIN 117B REVERSE BAND ANCHOR PIN 120 THERMO ELEMENT PLATE PIN 121 THERMO ELEMENT 122 THERMO ELEMENT PLATE 123 THERMO ELEMENT PLATE CENTER PIN 124 FORWARD BAND SERVO OIL PIPE 125 2–1 MANUAL BAND SERVO OIL PIPE 126 LUBE OIL PIPE 127 LUBE OIL HOSE CLAMP 128 LUBE OIL HOSE 129 LUBE OIL PIPE RETAINER 130 LUBE OIL PIPE AND WASHER ASSEMBLY 131 ACCUMULATOR COVER BOLT/SCREW M6 X 1.0 X 28.0 (11) 132 ACCUMULATOR COVER 134 ACCUMULATOR COVER SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY 135A 1–2 ACCUMULATOR PISTON PIN 135B 2–3 ACCUMULATOR PISTON PIN 136A 1–2 ACCUMULATOR PISTON 136B 2–3 ACCUMULATOR PISTON 137A 1–2 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OIL SEAL RING 137B 2–3 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OIL SEAL RING 138 2–3 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OUTER SPRING 139 1–2 ACCUMULATOR PISTON CUSHION SPRING ASSEMBLY 140 1–2 AND 2–3 ACCUMULATOR HOUSING 142 1–2 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OUTER SPRING 143 2–3 ACCUMULATOR PISTON SPRING
WH49405-4T65-E

114 113 112 117B 120 117A 111 110 109 108 107 106

122 121

104 129

127

127

114

Figure 109

OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY

205

209 201

209 210

222

212 213

223 211

214

215 220 208 221

202

219

201 PUMP COVER 202 OIL PUMP BODY 205 OIL PUMP COVER BOLT/SCREW — M6 X 1.0 X 20.0 (1) 208 OIL PUMP DRIVE SHAFT BEARING ASSEMBLY 209 OIL PUMP VANE RING 210 OIL PUMP SELECTIVE ROTOR 211 OIL PUMP SELECTIVE VANE 212 OIL PUMP SLIDE OIL SEAL RING 213 OIL PUMP SLIDE O-RING SEAL 214 OIL PUMP SELECTIVE SLIDE 215 OIL PUMP SLIDE PIVOT PIN 219 OIL PUMP OUTLET SCREEN ASSEMBLY 220 OIL PUMP SLIDE SEAL 221 OIL PUMP SLIDE SEAL SUPPORT 222 OIL PUMP PRIME OUTER SPRING 223 OIL PUMP PRIME INNER SPRING

WH51116-4T65-E

Figure 110

115

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY (1 of 2)

326 328 329 336 314G 305 334 306 335 327

301

320 324 325 314F 316 314E 322 314D 323 307 316 321

317 318
302

313 311 312

315A 310 304 303

309

301 CONTROL VALVE BODY (MACHINED) 302 LINE BOOST VALVE AND BUSHING RETAINER 303 LINE BOOST VALVE BORE PLUG 304 LINE BOOST VALVE 305 TCC PWM SOLENOID VALVE O-RING SEAL 306 TCC PWM SOLENOID VALVE O-RING SEAL 307 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE O-RING SEAL 309 REVERSE BOOST VALVE BUSHING 310 REVERSE BOOST VALVE 311 PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE SPRING OUTER 312 PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE INNER SPRING 313 PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE 314D 1–2, 3–4 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE RETAINER 314E PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE RETAINER

316A 1–2, 3–4 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE O-RING SEAL 316B PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE O-RING SEAL 317 1–2 SHIFT VALVE SPRING 318 1–2 SHIFT VALVE 320 TORQUE SIGNAL REGULATOR VALVE SPRING 321 TORQUE SIGNAL REGULATOR VALVE 322 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY 323 LINE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE SPRING 324 LINE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE 325 LINE PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE SPRING RETAINER 326 TCC REGULATOR APPLY VALVE SPRING 327 TCC REGULATOR APPLY VALVE 328 TCC REGULATOR APPLY VALVE BORE PLUG O-RING SEAL 329 TCC REGULATOR APPLY VALVE BORE PLUG

314F TCC PWM SOLENOID VALVE RETAINER 334 TCC PWM SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY 314G TCC REGULATOR APPLY VALVE BORE PLUG RETAINER 335 TCC CONTROL VALVE 315A 1–2, 3–4 SHIFT SOLENOID ASSEMBLY 336 TCC CONTROL VALVE SPRING

WH51107-4T65-E

116

Figure 111

CONTROL VALVE BODY ASSEMBLY (2 of 2)

301 340 341 343 367B 366B 357 363B 363A 316 315B 366A 367A 362 361 360 314B 359 356 355 354 353 346 351 350 314A 339 344 385 342 345

314C

301 CONTROL VALVE BODY (MACHINED) 314A 1–2, 3–4 ACCUMULATOR VALVE RETAINER 314B 4–3 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE RETAINER 314C 2–3 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE RETAINER 315B 1–2, 3–4 SHIFT SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY 316 O-RING SEAL 339 1–2 ACCUMULATOR VALVE BORE PLUG 340 3–4 ACCUMULATOR VALVE SPRING 341 3–4 ACCUMULATOR VALVE 342 2–3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE BUSHING 343 2–3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE BORE PLUG 344 2–3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE 345 2–3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE BUSHING 346 2–3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE SPRING 350 1–2 ACCUMULATOR VALVE 351 1–2 ACCUMULATOR VALVE SPRING

353 3–2 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE RETAINER 354 3–2 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE BORE PLUG 355 3–2 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE SPRING 356 3–2 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE 357 2–3 SHIFT VALVE 359 4–3 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE BORE PLUG 360 4–3 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE 361 4–3 MANUAL DOWNSHIFT VALVE SPRING 362 3–4 SHIFT VALVE 363A REVERSE SERVO BOOST VALVE BORE PIN 363B FORWARD SERVO BOOST VALVE BORE PIN 366A REVERSE SERVO BOOST VALVE SPRING 366B FORWARD SERVO BOOST VALVE SPRING 367A REVERSE SERVO BOOST VALVE 367B FORWARD SERVO BOOST VALVE 385 2–3 ACCUMULATOR VALVE RETAINER

WH51113-4T65-E

Figure 112

117

CASE COVER ASSEMBLY
402 405 403 406 404 401 420A 411 526 410 412 431 432 430 424 423 411 416 421 414 415 409

428 422 426 427 514

420B 526 418 420A 417

429 417

407

440

441

401 CASE COVER ASSEMBLY 402 MANUAL VALVE LINK 403 MANUAL VALVE LINK RETAINER 404 MANUAL VALVE 405 LOW BLOW OFF BALL VALVE BORE PLUG 406 LOW BLOW OFF BALL VALVE SPRING 407 COOLER BALL VALVE SPRING 409 LEFT SIDE AXLE OIL SEAL ASSEMBLY 410 CONTROL BODY ALIGNMENT SLEEVE 411 BORE PLUG 412 ORIFICED CUP PLUG 414 ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT VALVE 415 ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT VALVE SPRING 416 ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT VALVE SPRING RETAINER 417 BALL VALVE BORE PLUG 418 TCC BLOW OFF BALL VALVE SPRING 420A LOW BLOW OFF BALL VALVE

420B TCC BLOW OFF BALL VALVE 420C COOLER BALL VALVE 421 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON CYLINDER 422 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON CYLINDER O-RING SEAL 423 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OUTER SPRING 424 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON INNER SPRING 426 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON PIN 427 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON OIL SEAL RING 428 3–4 ACCUMULATOR PISTON 429 CASE COVER LOWER GASKET 430 CASE COVER UPPER GASKET 431 FRONT WHEEL DRIVE SHAFT BEARING ASSEMBLY 432 FOURTH CLUTCH SHAFT THRUST WASHER 440 INPUT SPEED SENSOR ASSEMBLY 441 INPUT SPEED SENSOR CLIP 514 DRIVE SPROCKET/CASE COVER THRUST WASHER 526 CASE COVER DOWEL PIN
WH49406-4T65-E

118

Figure 113

INTERNAL COMPONENTS (1 of 2)
608 607 609 611 612 614 606

604 603 601 602

605

613 610 628 627 626 625 622 623 716 629 630

621 617 615 616 640 641 724 639 642 643 618 619 620 648
624

649

646

645 640 644

633 631

632

723 634

635

636

637

638

647

658 659 656 654 655

626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 654 655 656 657 658 659 716 723 724

601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625

657 4TH CLUTCH SPRING RETAINING RING 4TH CLUTCH PISTON RETURN SPRING ASSEMBLY 4TH CLUTCH PISTON ASSEMBLY 4TH CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (OUTER) 4TH CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (INNER) DRAWN CUP BEARING ASSEMBLY ORIFICED CUP PLUG DRIVE LINK LUBE SCOOP DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT ASSEMBLY CUP PLUG THRUST WASHER (DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT 2ND CLUTCH DRUM) RING FOUR LOBED SEAL OIL SEAL RING DRIVEN SPROCKET SUPPORT BUSHING REVERSE BAND ASSEMBLY 75.5 O.D. X 8.0 BUSHING 2ND CLUTCH HOUSING CHECK VALVE RETAINER AND BALL ASSEMBLY (2ND CLUTCH) 70.0 O.D. X 11.0 BUSHING 2ND CLUTCH W/MOLDED SEAL PISTON 2ND CLUTCH APPLY RING AND RELEASE SPRING ASSEMBLY RETAINING RING 2ND CLUTCH PLATE (WAVED) 2ND CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (FIBER) 2ND CLUTCH REACTION PLATE (STEEL)

BACKING SUPPORT RING PLATE (STEEL) 2ND CLUTCH RETAINING RING (OUTER) OIL SEAL RING (INPUT SHAFT) THRUST BEARING (SUPPORT SPROCKET/THRUST WASHER) SELECTIVE THRUST WASHER (BEARING/INPUT CLUTCH HUB) INPUT SHAFT BUSHING INPUT HOUSING SLEEVE AND SHAFT ASSEMBLY CHECK VALVE RETAINER AND BALL ASSEMBLY INPUT CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (INNER) INPUT CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (OUTER) INPUT CLUTCH PISTON INPUT CLUTCH SPRING AND RETAINER ASSEMBLY O-RING SEAL 3RD CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING RETAINING RING (3RD CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING/ INPUT SHAFT) 3RD CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (INNER) 3RD CLUTCH PISTON SEAL AND BALL CAPSULE ASSEMBLY 3RD CLUTCH SPRING RETAINER AND GUIDE ASSEMBLY THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 3RD CLUTCH PLATE (WAVED) 3RD CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (O.D. SPLINE) 3RD CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (I.D. SPLINE) 3RD CLUTCH BACKING PLATE 3RD CLUTCH BACKING PLATE RETAINING RING INPUT CLUTCH APPLY PLATE INPUT CLUTCH PLATE (WAVED) INPUT CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (FIBER) INPUT CLUTCH PLATE (STEEL) INPUT CLUTCH BACKING PLATE (STEEL) INPUT CLUTCH BACKING PLATE RETAINING RING 2ND CLUTCH APPLY REACTION PLATE (TAPERED) 4TH CLUTCH SHAFT TO INPUT HOUSING BEARING 3RD CLUTCH PISTON BALL CHECK VALVE ASSEMBLY
WH51080-4T65-E

Figure 114

119

INTERNAL COMPONENTS (2 of 2)
669 661 667 668

717

718

719

720

721

653

722

665

719

688 687 685 680 679 678 676 677 683 686

675 673 672 671 697 698 699 700 701 674 702 713 714 715

694 693 690 689 691 692

690

695

696

703 704

712 710 711 708 709 708 706 705

705 704 703

706

653 THIRD CLUTCH SPRAG OUTER RACE 661 INPUT AND THIRD CLUTCH SPRAG INNER RACE 665 INPUT CLUTCH SPRAG OUTER RACE 667 INPUT SUN GEAR SPACER 668 INPUT SUN GEAR 669 REVERSE REACTION DRUM 671 INPUT SUN GEAR THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 672 INPUT COMPLETE CARRIER ASSEMBLY 673 INPUT CARRIER/REACTION CARRIER LUBE DAM 674 INPUT/REACTION CARRIER THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 675 REACTION COMPLETE CARRIER ASSEMBLY 676 REACTION CARRIER/SUN GEAR THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 677 LEFT HAND REACTION SUN GEAR BUSHING 678 REACTION SUN/DRUM GEAR ASSEMBLY 679 RIGHT HAND REACTION SUN GEAR BUSHING 680 2/1 MANUAL BAND ASSEMBLY 683 1/2 SUPPORT ROLLER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY 685 THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 686 1/2 SUPPORT BUSHING 687 1/2 SUPPORT AND DRUM 688 FORWARD BAND ASSEMBLY 689 FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR SHAFT 690 FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR BUSHING 691 THRUST WASHER (1/2 SUPPORT/INTERNAL GEAR) 692 RETAINING RING (FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR) 693 FINAL DRIVE INTERNAL GEAR 694 PARK PAWL ASSEMBLY

695 THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY (INTERNAL GEAR/ PARKING GEAR) 696 PARKING GEAR 697 FINAL DRIVE SUN GEAR 698 CARRIER/SUN GEAR THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 699 SPIRAL PINION GEAR PIN RETAINING RING 700 DIFFERENTIAL/FINAL DRIVE CARRIER ASSEMBLY 701 DIFFERENTIAL PINION SHAFT 702 DIFFERENTIAL PINION SHAFT RETAINING PIN 703 THRUST WASHER (DIFFERENTIAL PINION) 704 DIFFERENTIAL PINION GEARS 705 DIFFERENTIAL SIDE GEAR (MN7 HAS UNIQUE LEFT/ RIGHT GEARS) 706 BRONZE THRUST WASHER (DIFFERENTIAL SIDE GEAR) 708 PINION THRUST WASHER (STEEL) 709 ROLLER NEEDLE BEARING 710 PINION NEEDLE BEARING SPACER 711 FINAL DRIVE PLANETARY PINION GEAR 712 PLANETARY PINION GEAR PIN 713 VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR RELUCTOR WHEEL 714 DIFFERENTIAL CARRIER/CASE WASHER (THRUST) 715 THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY 717 SPIRAL LOCK RETAINING RING 718 3RD CLUTCH SPRAG OUTER RACE RETAINER 719 INPUT AND THIRD CLUTCH SPRAG END BEARING 720 3RD CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY 721 INPUT AND THIRD CLUTCH SPRAG CENTER 722 INPUT CLUTCH SPRAG
WH51086-4T65-E

120

Figure 115

MANUAL SHAFT AND PARKING PAWL ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY
806

807

808

810

811

804 802 809

805 803

801

800

800 PARK PAWL ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY 801 MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT PIN 802 MANUAL SHIFT DETENT LEVER 803 MANUAL SHIFT DETENT LEVER NUT 804 MANUAL SHIFT DETENT ASSEMBLY 805 MANUAL SHIFT DETENT BOLT/SCREW

806 MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT SEAL ASSEMBLY 807 MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT 808 PARK PAWL ACTUATOR GUIDE PIN 809 PARK PAWL ACTUATOR GUIDE 810 PARK PAWL ACTUATOR GUIDE O-RING SEAL

WH51123-4T65-E

Figure 116

121

BASIC SPECIFICATIONS

HYDRA-MATIC 4T65-E TRANSAXLE
RPO MN4
Produced at: Warren, Michigan U.S.A. Vehicles used in:
DIVISION C Car G Car H Car H Car W Car Buick Buick Oldsmobile Pontiac Buick Chevrolet Pontiac MODEL Park Avenue Riviera LSS Bonneville Regal Lumina/Monte Carlo Grand Prix

HYDRA-MATIC 4T65-E (FOUR-SPEED)

W Car W Car

Transaxle Type 4T65-E = 4: T: 65: E:

Four Speed Transverse Mount Product Series Electronically Controlled

Maximum Gross Vehicle Weight 2,903 Kg (6,400 LB) Transaxle Fluid Capacity (Approximate) Bottom Pan Removal: 7.0L (7.4 qt) Complete Overhaul: 9.5L (10.0 qt) Dry: 12.7L (13.4 qt) Transaxle Fluid Type Dexron® III Transaxle Weight Wet: 93.0 kg (205 lb) M15, MN3 Wet: 97.0 kg (214 lb) MN7 Converter Size 245 mm & 258mm (Reference) (Diameter of Torque Converter Turbine) Seven Position Quadrant (P, R, N, D , D, 2, 1) Pressure Taps Available Line Pressure Case Material Die Cast Aluminum

Automatic Overdrive with a Torque Converter Clutch Assembly.

Transfer Design Two-axis design, link chain assembly Control Systems Shift Pattern – (2) Two-way on/off solenoids Shift Quality – Pressure Control Solenoid Torque Converter Clutch – Pulse Width Modulated solenoid control Current GM NAO Vehicle Platforms C (MN3, MN7), G (MN3, MN7), H (MN7), W (M15, MN7) Current Engine Range 3.4L to 3.8L Gasoline Maximum Engine Torque 280 lb-ft (380 Nm) Maximum Gearbox Torque 400 lb-ft (544 Nm) Gear Ratios 1st 2nd 3rd 4th Rev 2.921 1.568 1.000 0.705 2.385

Chain Ratios* Final Drive Ratios 3.05 3.29

35/35

33/37

32/38

Overall Final Drive Ratios Available 3.05 3.29 3.42 3.69 3.63 3.91

*Designates the number of teeth on the drive/driven sprockets, respectively.

Maximum Shift Speed 1-2 6500 rpm 2-3 6250 rpm 3-4 4900 rpm

Information may vary with application. All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this brochure are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication approval. The right is reserved to make changes at any time without notice.

122

HYDRA-MATIC PRODUCT DESIGNATION SYSTEM
The product designation system used for all Hydra-matic transaxles and transmissions consists of a series of numbers and letters that correspond with the special features incorporated in that product line. The first character is a number that designates the number of forward gear ranges available in that unit. For example: 4 = four forward gear ranges. The second character is a letter that designates how the unit is mounted in the vehicle. When the letter “T” is used, it designates that the unit is transversely mounted and is used primarily for front wheel drive vehicles. The letter “L” designates that it is longitudinally mounted in the vehicle and it is used primarily for rear wheel drive vehicles. The letter “M” designates that the unit is a manual transaxle or transmission but not specific to a front or rear wheel drive vehicle application. The third and fourth characters consists of a set of numbers, (i.e. “65”), that designate the transaxle or transmission “Series” number. This number signifies the relative torque capacity of the unit. The fifth character designates the major features incorporated into this unit. For example, the letter “E” designates that the unit has electronic controls. By using this method of classification, the HYDRA-MATIC 4T65-E is a 4-speed, transversely mounted, 65 series unit, with electronic controls.

HYDRA-MATIC 4T65-E HYDRA-MATIC 4 Number of Speeds: 3 4 5 V (CVT) T Type: T - Transverse L - Longitudinal M - Manual 65 Series: Based on Relative Torque Capacity E Major Features: E - Electronic Controls A - All Wheel Drive HD - Heavy Duty

123

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS
Accumulator: A component of the transaxle that absorbs hydraulic pressure during the apply of clutch or band. Accumulators are designed to control the quality of a shift from one gear range to another. Adaptive Learning: Programming within the PCM that automatically adjusts hydraulic pressures in order to compensate for changes in the transaxle (i.e. component wear). Applied: An apply component that is holding another component to which it is splined or assembled with. Also referred to as “engaged”. Apply Components: Hydraulically operated clutches, servos, bands, and mechanical one-way roller or sprag clutches that drive or hold members of a planetary gear set. Apply Plate: A steel clutch plate in a clutch pack located next to the (apply) piston. Ball Check Valve: A spherical hydraulically controlled component (usually made of steel) that either seals or opens fluid circuits. It is also referred to as a check valve or checkball. Backing Plate: A steel plate in a clutch pack that is usually the last plate in that clutch assembly (farthest from the clutch piston). Band: An apply component that consists of a flexible strip of steel and friction material that wraps around a drum. When applied, it tightens around the drum and prevents the drum from rotating. Brake Switch: An electrical device that provides signals to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) based on the position of the brake pedal. The PCM uses this information to apply or release the torque converter clutch (TCC). Centrifugal Force: A force that is imparted on an object (due to rotation) that increases as that object moves further away from a center/point of rotation. Clutch Pack: An assembly of components generally consisting of clutch plates, an apply plate and a backing plate. Clutch Plate: A hydraulically activated component that has two basic designs: (1) all steel, or (2) a steel core with friction material bonded to one or two sides of the plate. Component: Any physical part of the transaxle/ transmission.
124

Control Valve Body: A machined metal casting that contains valve trains and other hydraulically controlled components that shift the transaxle. Converter: (See Torque Converter) Coupling Speed: The speed at which a vehicle is traveling and no longer requires torque multiplication through the torque converter. At this point the stator free wheels to allow fluid leaving the turbine to flow directly to the pump. (See torque converter) De-energize(d): To interrupt the electrical current that flows to an electronically controlled device making it electrically inoperable. Direct Drive: A condition in a gear set where the input speed and torque equals the output speed and torque. The gear ratio through the gear set is 1:1. Downshift: A change in a gear ratio where input speed and torque increases. Duty Cycle: In reference to an electronically controlled solenoid, it is the amount of time (expressed as a percentage) that current flows through the solenoid coil. Energize(d): To supply a current to an electronically controlled device enabling it to perform its designed function. Engine Compression Braking: A condition where compression from the engine is used with the transaxle/transmission to decrease vehicle speed. Braking (slowing of the vehicle) occurs when a lower gear ratio is manually selected by moving the gear selector lever. Exhaust: The release of fluid pressure from a hydraulic circuit. (The words exhausts and exhausting are also used and have the same intended meaning.) Fail-Safe Mode: A condition whereby a component (i.e. engine or transaxle) will partially function even if its electrical system is disabled. Fluid: Generally considered a liquid or gas. In this publication fluid refers primarily to “transaxle/ transmission fluid”. Fluid Pressure: A pressure (in this textbook usually transaxle/transmission fluid) that is consistent throughout its circuit. Force: A measurable effort that is exerted on an object (component). Freewheeling: A condition where power is lost through a driving or holding device (i.e. roller or sprag clutches).

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS
Friction Material: A heat and wear resistant fibrous material bonded to clutch plates and bands. Gear: A round, toothed device that is used for transmitting torque through other components. Gear Range: A specific speed to torque ratio at which the transmission is operating (i.e. 1st gear, 2nd gear etc.) Gear Ratio: Revolutions of an input gear as compared to the revolutions of an output gear. It can also be expressed as the number of teeth on a gear as compared to the number of teeth on a gear that it is in mesh with. Hydraulic Circuit: A fluid passage which often includes the mechanical components in that circuit designed to perform a specific function. Input: A starting point for torque, revolutions or energy into another component of the transmission. Internal Gear: The outermost member of a gear set that has gear teeth in constant mesh with planetary pinion gears of the gear set. Internal Leak: Loss of fluid pressure in a hydraulic circuit. Land (Valve Land): The larger diameters of a spool valve that contact the valve bore or bushing. Line Pressure: The main fluid pressure in a hydraulic system created by the pump and pressure regulator valve. Manual Valve: A spool valve that distributes fluid to various hydraulic circuits and is mechanically linked to the gear selector lever. Orifice: A restricting device (usually a hole in the spacer plate) for controlling pressure build up into another circuit. Overdrive: An operating condition in the gear set allowing output speed to be higher than input speed and output torque to be lower than input torque. Overrunning: The function of a one-way mechanical clutch that allows the clutch to freewheel during certain operating conditions of the transmission. Pinion Gear: A small toothed gear that meshes with a larger gear. Planet Pinion Gears: Pinion gears (housed in a carrier) that are in constant mesh with a circumferential internal gear and centralized sun gear. Planetary Gear Set: An assembly of gears that consists of an internal gear, planet pinion gears with carrier, and a sun gear. Powertrain Control Module: An electronic device that manages most of the electrical systems throughout the vehicle. Pressure: A measurable force that is exerted on an area and expressed as kilopascals (kPa) or pounds per square inch (psi). Pulse Width Modulated: An electronic signal that continuously cycles the ON and OFF time of a device (such as a solenoid) while varying the amount of ON time. Race (Inner or Outer): A highly polished steel surface that contacts bearings or sprag elements. Reduction (Gear Reduction): An operating condition in the gear set allowing output speed to be lower than input speed and output torque to be higher than input torque. Residual Fluid Pressure: Excess pressure contained within an area after the supply pressure has been terminated. Roller Clutch: A mechanical clutch (holding device) consisting of roller bearings assembled between a race and a cam. Servo: A spring loaded device consisting of a piston in a bore that is operated (stroked) by hydraulic pressure to apply or release a band. Solenoid Valve: An electronic device used to control transaxle shift patterns or regulate fluid pressure. Spool Valve: A cylindrical hydraulic control device, having a variety of land and valley diameters, used to control fluid flow. Sprag Clutch: A mechanical clutch (holding device) consisting of figure eight like elements assembled between inner and outer races. Throttle Position: The travel of the throttle plate that is expressed in percentages. Torque: A measurable twisting force expressed in terms of Newton- meters (N.m), pounds feet (lbs. ft.) or pounds inches (lbs. in.). Torque Converter: A component of an automatic transmission, (attached to the engine flywheel) that transfers torque from the engine to the transmission through a fluid coupling.
125

ABBREVIATIONS
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS WHICH MAY BE USED IN THIS BOOK AC - Alternating Current A/ - Air Conditioning ACC or ACCUM - Accumulator ACT FD - Actuator Feed (circuit) APP - Apply ASM - Assembly A/T - Automatic Transmission BD - Band LIM - Limit (circuit) MAF - Mass Air Flow Sensor MAP - Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor MM - Millimeter(s) MPH - Miles Per Hour N - Neutral N.C. - Normally Closed N.m - Newton Meters N.O. - Normally Open OSS - Output Shaft Speed Sensor P - Park PCM - Powertrain Control Module PCS - Pressure Control Solenoid PRESS REG - Pressure Regulator PRN - Park, Reverse, Neutral (circuit) PRND4 - Park, Reverse, Neutral, Drive 4 (circuit) PSA - Pressure Switch Assembly PSI - Pounds per Square Inch PWM - Pulse Width Modulated R - Reverse REG - Regulated (circuit) REL - Release (circuit) REV - Reverse RPM - Revolutions per Minute SIG - Signal SOL - Solenoid TCC - Torque Converter Clutch TCC R APP - TCC Regulated Apply (circuit) TFT - Transaxle Fluid Temperature Sensor TPS - Throttle Position Sensor TRANS - Transaxle or Transmission T SIG - Torque Signal T SIG (PWM) - Torque Signal (PWM) V - Volts VSS - Vehicle Speed Sensor 2ND CL - Second Clutch

°C - Degrees Celsius
CL - Clutch CONV - Converter CST CL - Coast Clutch (circuit) CTS - Coolant Temperature Switch DCF - Direct Clutch Feed (circuit) DLC - Diagnostic Link Connector DR - Drive (circuit) DTC - Diagnostic Trouble Code D21 - Drive 21 (circuit) D321 - Drive 321 (circuit)

ECT - Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor EX - Exhaust (circuit)

°F - Degrees Fahrenheit
FD - Feed (circuit) FILT ACT FD - Filtered Actuator Feed FWD CL - Forward Clutch Hg - Mercury Hz - Hertz ISS - Input Speed Sensor INT BAND - Intermediate Band (circuit) INT BD FD - Intermediate Band Feed (circuit) KMH - Kilometers Per Hour kPa - KiloPascals LBS. FT. - Pounds Foot LBS. IN. - Pounds Inch

126

INDEX
A Abbreviations ..................................................... 126 Accumulators ................................................... 38-39 1-2 accumulator ........................................... 39 2-3 accumulator ........................................... 39 3-4 accumulator ........................................... 38 Apply Components, 15-26 driven sprocket support, 16 forward band, 25 forward servo, 25 hydraulic feed circuits, 16 input clutch, 22 input sprag clutch, 23 reverse band, 18 reverse servo, 18 1/2 support roller clutch, 26 2/1 band, 24 2/1 manual servo, 24 2nd clutch, 19 3rd clutch, 20 3rd sprag clutch, 21 4th clutch, 17 B Basic Specifications ............................................ 122 Bushing Locations .............................................. 106 Bearing Locations ............................................... 107 Ball Check Valve Location and Function........ 42-43 C Case and Associated Parts ........................... 111-114 Color Legend ................................................. 10A-B Complete Hydraulic Circuits ......................... 81-103 park ......................................................... 82-83 reverse ..................................................... 84-85 neutral ..................................................... 86-87 overdrive range – first gear ..................... 88-89 overdrive range – second gear ................ 90-91 overdrive range – third gear.................... 92-93 overdrive range – fourth gear ................. 94-95 overdrive range – 4-3 downshift ............. 96-97 manual third – third gear ........................ 98-99 manual second – second gear ............. 100-101 manual first – first gear ....................... 102-103 Contents, Table of................................................... 2 Control Valve Assembly ............................. 116-117 Cross Sectional Views ...................................... 8-8A D Differential Components ...................................... 31 Driven Sprocket Support ...................................... 16 E Electrical Components ..................................... 45-51 component locations .................................... 45 fail safe mode............................................... 45 automatic transmission fluid pressure manual valve position switch ................................ 46 automatic transmission fluid temperature sensor ........................................................ 49 automatic transmission input (shaft) speed sensor ........................................................ 48 shift solenoid valves .................................... 47 torque converter clutch control PWM solenoid .. 50 transaxle pressure control solenoid valve .... 51 vehicle speed sensor .................................... 48 Explanation of Gear Ranges ................................... 9 F Fail Safe Mode...................................................... 45 Final Drive Components ....................................... 30 First Gear (overdrive) ...........................62-63, 88-89 Forward Band Assembly ...................................... 25 Forward Servo ...................................................... 25 G General Description ................................................ 9 Glossary Of Technical Terms ............................. 124 H How To Use This Book ....................................... 4-5 Hydra-matic Product Designation System ......... 123 Hydraulic Control Components ....................... 33-44 location of major components ..................... 33 oil pump assembly ....................................... 34 pressure regulation ....................................... 35 valves located in the case cover .............. 36-37 accumulators ........................................... 38-39 valves located in the valve body ............. 40-41 ball check valves location and function .. 42-43 thermostatic element .................................... 44 Hydraulic Feed Circuits ........................................ 16 I Illustrated Parts List ..................................... 111-121 case and associated parts .................... 111-114 oil pump assembly ..................................... 115 control valve body assembly .............. 116-117 case cover assembly................................... 118 internal components ............................ 119-120 manual shaft and parking pawl actuator assembly ................................... 121 Input Clutch .......................................................... 22 Input Sprag Clutch ................................................ 23 Introduction ............................................................ 3

127

INDEX
L Lip Seal Locations .............................................. 108 Lubrication Points .............................................. 104 M Major Mechanical Components............................ 10 Manual First – First Gear..................78-79, 102-103 Manual Second – Second Gear .........76-77, 100-101 Manual Shaft and Parking Pawl Actuator Assembly .................................... 121 Manual Third – Third Gear ..................74-75, 98-99 N Neutral ..................................................60-61, 86-87 O Oil Pump Assembly ...................................... 34, 115 Overdrive Range – First Gear ...............62-63, 88-89 Overdrive Range – Fourth Gear ...........68-69, 94-95 Overdrive Range – Second Gear ..........64-65, 90-91 Overdrive Range – Third Gear .............66-67, 92-93 Overdrive Range – 4-3 Downshift........72-73, 96-97 Operating Conditions - Range Reference Chart ... 80 P Park .......................................................56-57, 82-83 Planetary Gear Sets .......................................... 27-29 description ................................................... 27 reduction ................................................. 28-29 direct drive .............................................. 28-29 overdrive ................................................. 28-29 reverse direction of rotation .................... 228-9 Power Flow ...................................................... 53-79 mechanical powerflow from TC .......... 54-54A common hydraulic functions ............... 54B-55 park ......................................................... 56-57 reverse ..................................................... 58-59 neutral ..................................................... 60-61 overdrive first ......................................... 62-63 overdrive second ..................................... 64-65 overdrive third ........................................ 66-67 overdrive fourth ...................................... 68-69 overdrive fourth, TCC apply ............... 70-70A overdrive fourth, TCC release ............. 70B-71 overdrive 4-3 downshift.......................... 72-73 manual third - third gear ......................... 74-75 manual second - second gear .................. 76-77 manual first - first gear ........................... 78-79 Preface .................................................................... 1 Pressure Control Solenoid Valve .......................... 51 Pressure Regulation .............................................. 35 Principles of Operation ................................... 9A-51 major mechanical components .................... 10 color legend .......................................... 10A-B
128

range reference chart ................................... 11 torque converter ...................................... 12-14 apply components ................................... 15-26 planetary gear sets .................................. 27-29 final drive components ................................ 30 differential components ............................... 31 hydraulic control components ................ 33-44 electrical components ............................. 45-51 R Range Reference Charts .............................. 11 & 80 Reverse Servo Assembly ...................................... 18 Reverse Band ........................................................ 18 S Seal Locations.............................................. 108-109 Shift Solenoid Valves ........................................... 47 Stator Assembly .................................................... 13 Square and O-Ring Seal Locations ..................... 109 T Table of Contents.................................................... 2 TCC Control (PWM) Solenoid ............................. 50 TFP Val. Position Sw. .......................................... 46 Thermostatic Element ........................................... 44 Third Gear (overdrive)..........................66-67, 92-93 Thrust Washer Locations .................................... 105 Torque Converter Clutch ................................. 12-14 converter pump and turbine ......................... 12 pressure plate ............................................... 12 stator assembly ............................................ 13 torque converter apply and release .............. 14 Torque Converter Clutch Applied ..... 70B-71, 94-95 Torque Converter Clutch Released............... 70-70A TFT sensor ............................................................ 49 Transaxle Adapt Function .................................... 51 U Understanding The Graphics ............................ 6-8A V Valves Located In The Case Cover ................. 36-37 manual valve ................................................ 36 low blow off ................................................ 37 TCC blow off ............................................... 37 cooler blow off............................................. 37 actuator feed limit ........................................ 37 accumulators ........................................... 38-39 Valves Located In The Valve Body .... 40-41, 116-117 Vehicle Speed Sensor ........................................... 48

NOTES

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NOTES

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