1. The Department of Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy (ISM & H) established in Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in March, 1995 was renamed as the Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) in November, 2003. The Department continued to make steady progress during the year 2005-2006. Emphasis was laid on implementing the schemes which address the thrust areas identified by the Department like upgradation of educational standards, quality control and standardisation of drugs, improving the availability of raw material, research and development and awareness generation about the efficacy of the systems domestically and internationally. The involvement of AYUSH in the national health care delivery systems including National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was given a thrust in keeping with the strategies laid out in National Policy on ISM&H-2002. 2. There has been a quantum jump in the Plan provision and the Plan and Non-Plan budget of Department of AYUSH during the year 2005-2006 stood at Rs.350 crores and Rs.60.98 crores, respectively. The overall allocation for the 10th Five Year Plan stands at Rs.775.00 crores. Keeping in view the 75% increase in Plan Budget in 2005-06 over 2004-05, efforts were made to productively utilize the funds and the Plan expenditure of the first eight months of 2005-06 nearly equalled the expenditure of 12 months of 2004-05. Steps have been taken to fully utilize ten per cent outlay kept for the North Eastern States and Sikkim by the end of 2005-06. 3. The Department attaches priority to help maintain standards of education. Efforts were made to strengthen the existing national institutes set up to lay down benchmarks for teaching, research and clinical practices of different systems.

The Department continued to emphasise the need to prevent growth of sub-standard colleges and sought active involvement of the regulatory Councils and State Governments to achieve this. Under the amended IMCC Act 2003 and HCC Act 2002, prior permission of the Central Government is now mandatory for establishing new colleges; starting new and higher courses and increasing admission capacity in Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy systems of medicine. It also provides for ensuring conformity of standards in existing colleges within three years. Necessary resolutions for the purpose under Section 13-A of IMCC (Amendment) Act 2003, have been notified by the CCIM. Similar regulations under Section 12-A of HCC (Amendment) Act 2002 have been approved by competent authorities and sent to CCH for notification. These provisions will improve the education standards of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy in existing colleges as well as curb the unwanted growth of sub-standard colleges. IMCC (Amendment) Act, 2005 and HCC (Amendment) Act , 2005 have been introduced in the Parliament with a view to bringing about transparency in the functioning of these Councils as a part of the Department’s priority to improve standards of graduate and postgraduate education in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy. The approval for Diploma Course in Nursing, Compounder and Pharmacy at the National Institute of Siddha (NIS), Chennai with annual intake of ten students was also given. In the National Institute of Ayurveda (NIA), Jaipur also Diploma course in Nursing, Compounder and Pharmacy with 20 seats annually has started. A proposal for enacting a law to establish a Central Pharmacy Council to regulate and standardize pharmacy education under Indian Systems of Medicine is also under consideration. A Bill to this effect has been introduced in the Parliament. 271

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4. Standardisation of drugs and quality control continued to receive focused attention. Department of AYUSH issued three Orders to ensure Quality Control of ASU Drugs. Displaying on the label of the container or package of an Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drug, the true list of all ingredients (official and botanical names) used in the manufacture of the preparation together with the quantity of each of the ingredients incorporated therein has been made mandatory. All the State ASU Drug Licensing Authority have been directed to take action against the defaulting ASU Drug manufacturers for failure to comply with the Good Manufacturing Practices notified under Schedule ‘T’ of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945. Testing for heavy metals, viz., Arsenic, Lead, Mercury and Cadmium in all purely herbal Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs has been made mandatory for export purposes w.e.f. 1st January, 2006. 5. The Department has been taking serious initiatives for integrating AYUSH with the modern medicine. Mainstreaming of AYUSH is envisaged in the National Rural Health Mission. The Department of AYUSH is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for promoting Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy. The scheme covers (a) Establishment of specialized thereapy centre with hospitalization facility for Panchkarma/Kshar Sutra therapy of Ayurveda or Regimental therapy of Unani Medicine of Siddha or Yoga & Naturopathy or Homoeopathy; (b) Establishment of speciality clinic of ISM&H i.e. system specific outdoor treatment centre; (c) Setting up of ISM&H wing in District Allopathic hospitals – outdoor as well as indoor facility of one or two systems of ISM&H; and (d) Supply of essential AYUSH drugs to rural & backward area AYUSH dispensaries. 6. The second phase of the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) project was launched. The Library will make available to International Patent Offices in five languages namely, English, German, French, Spanish and Japanese medicinal use of plants described in classical Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani 272

texts and already in the public domain, in patent compatible format with a view to forestalling the grant of patents for claims on intellectual properties, which are neither inventions nor innovations. A meeting of Task Force on TKDL (Ayurveda) second phase was held on 12.8.2005 which reviewed the progress of the work done so far and formulated a road map for early completion of the remaining work relating to Ayurveda, Yoga, Siddha and Unani ancient classical texts. 7. The implementation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes was reviewed in the meeting of State Health Secretaries and ISM&H Directors on 7-8 September 2005. The revised Centrally sponsored Scheme for “Development of Institutions” is being implemented vigorously. Under the component of Development of AYUSH UG colleges, financial assistance of Rs.789.84 lakh has been sanctioned to 29 colleges during the financial year (upto 05/ 11/2005). Under the component of assistance to PG Medical Education, financial assistance of Rs.208.04 lakh has been provided to ten PG Medical Institutions. Under the scheme for Extra Mural Research/Golden Triangle Project a sum of more than Rs. 10 crore was utilised for taking up new projects and for continuing ongoing projects. A Golden Triangle Partnership (GTP) with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Department of AYUSH has also been started. The GTP Project will work on the existing classical and Ayurvedic formulations as well as new herbal combinations for holistic treatment of diseases of national and global importance. 8. The National Medicinal Plants Board mandated to coordinate all aspects related to the development of the medicinal plants sector forged ahead. During the year 2005-06, the proposals on cultivation with buy-back arrangements were given special preference in order to ensure quality raw material with assured market mechanism. During the year (up to October), 96 projects under promotional schemes and 520 projects under

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cultivation (contract farming) were sanctioned entailing total expenditure of Rs. 1173.50 lakhs. State Medicinal Plants Boards, on the lines of the National Medicinal Plants Board, with similar objectives and functions have been set up so far in 32 States and Union Territories. An exercise undertaken to make an impact study of the schemes of National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) and to re-structure NMPB and review its schemes in the light of experience gained so far. 9. The upgradation of the apex Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine (Ayurveda, Unani & Siddha) and another Laboratory for Homoeopathy Medicine (PLIM & HPL) is going on. Construction of the new complexes for the two laboratories, started in 2003 at an estimated cost of Rs.13.00 crore, is nearing completion. Scientific Advisory Committees have been constituted to periodically review the functioning of these laboratories. 10. Among other recent efforts, the National Institute of Siddha (NIS), Chennai was formally inaugurated by the Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Manmohan Singh on 3.9.2005. The NIS, Chennai conducts teaching in six PG specialities of Siddha viz. i) Maruthuvam, ii) Gunapadam, iii) Sirappu Maruthuvam, iv) Noi Nadal, v) Kuzhanthai maruthuvam and vi) Nanju Noolum Maruthuva Neethi Noolum. 11. Similarly, the National Institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM), Bangalore has begun the academic session with effect from 10 December 2004 in four PG departments viz; the Department of Moalejat, Department of Ilmul Advia, Department of Ilmul Qabala wa Amraz-e-Niswan-o-Atfal, Department of Hifzan-e-Sehat along with 100, bed hospital and hostel in the first phase. 12. The Department is actively pursuing the proposals for establishing an All India Institute of Ayurveda at Sarita Vihar, New Delhi, which would be an apex Ayurveda Institute for postgraduate education, research and health care, and an

Institute of Ayurveda & Homoeopathy in the NorthEastern region. 13. The Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga continued to impart one-year diploma course in Yoga. A new complex has been built for the Institute with state-of-the-art facilities. It consists of Conference Hall, Amphitheatre, Meditation Hall, Communication and Documentation Centre, Library Hall, Kriya Block, Academic Block, YogaFitness Block, Administrative Block and OPD etc. The OPD consultation timings have been increased. 14. The Department of AYUSH in collaboration with India Trade Promotion Organisation organised the annual Arogya' 2005 at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi from 23 to 27 September 2005 in which 126 organisations including 13 States and the autonomous bodies and offices under the Department of AYUSH participated. In addition, the Department organized the first ever regional Arogya at Chennai from 7 to 9 January 2005 and also at Hyderabad from 11 to 13 November 2005. 15. On international co-operation front, a delegation from the Italian Government Committee for Social Affairs of the Chamber of Deputies visited India on 27 and 28 February for having an insight into the management of Ayurveda and other systems of Traditional Medicine in India. A Thai delegation visited the National Medicinal Plants Board on 30.9.2005. Delegations comprising representatives from drug industry, institutions, Councils etc. were sent for participation in various conferences, workshops and seminars abroad. The Indian delegation also participated in first International Congress on Complementary and Alternative Medicines held at Singapore from 26 to 28 February 2005. The Hon’ble Minister of State delivered the Keynote Address as well as remarks at the closing ceremony of the First International Conference on Women’s Health & Asian Traditional Medicine (WHAT) organized in Kuala Lumpur from 23 to 25 August 2005. 273

Timely immunization must for all children

16. Steps were taken for promotion of Ayurveda in the USA and also for deputation of Ayurveda experts for giving lectures of 10 to 12 hours duration on Ayurveda in about 12 Medical Schools in the USA. At the request of Government of Sri Lanka, medicines were supplied for Tsumani affected people in various health camps in Sri Lanka. 17. The Right to Informaction Act, 2005 has been implemented in the Department of AYUSH w.e.f. 12.10.2005. The requisite information on all the

manuals as required under Section 4(1) (b) of the Act has been deisplayed at the web site of the Department and is also being published. A list of officers who have been appointed as Deputy Information Officers and Information Officers has also been displayed at the web site. The Department’s web site has been kept updated for wider dissemination of information. The web site address of the Department is: http:// www.indianmedicine.nic.in/

VIJAY SINGH SECRETARY Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) Ministry of Health & Family Welfare New Delhi


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Chapter 1

1.1.1 The Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) is headed by a Secretary to the Government of India. The Secretary is assisted by a Joint Secretary and four Directors/Deputy Secretaries and a number of Advisers (at present three) and Dy. Advisors (at present six) of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy. The total sanctioned staff strength of the Department in Group A, B, C, & D is 268, which include Secretariat and Technical posts. Concerted efforts were made to fill up vacant posts. A post of Joint Secretary in the scale of Rs.18,400-22,400 in lieu of the post of Director in the scale of Rs.22,400-24,500 + NPA has been created in the Department of AYUSH with the approval of Union Cabinet. 1.1.2 The Department has, over the years, developed a broad institutional framework to carry out the activities in the field of AYUSH. The institutional framework consists of two statutory regulatory bodies, namely, Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) and Central Council of Homoeopathy (CCH), for laying down minimum standards of education, recommending recognition of medical qualifications, registering the practitioners and ethical matters; apex research bodies known as the Central Councils of Research for Ayurveda and Siddha, Unani Medicine, Homoeopathy, Yoga and Naturopathy; apex educational institutes such as National Institutes of Ayurveda, Homoeopathy, Naturopathy, Unani System of Medicine, Yoga and Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth; Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine & Homoeopathy Pharmacopoeial Laboratory; Pharmacopoeial Committees for the different systems of medicine and Ayurveda Hospital, Lodhi Road, New Delhi which has been transferred from Department of Health to Department of AYUSH for its management. A Public

Sector Undertaking, viz., Indian Medicines Pharmaceutical Corporation Ltd. (IMPCL), has been functioning for manufacturing of classical drugs of Ayurveda and Unani systems of medicine. The modernization and expansion of its activities have been approved and infusion of equity has been permitted. 1.1.3 A National Medicinal Plants Board is functioning under the Department to coordinate activities relating to conservation, cultivation, marketing, export and drawing policies and strategies for the development of medicinal plants sector. The Medicinal Plants Cell (MPC) working under the Department for implementing the Central Scheme for development and cultivation of Medicinal Plants and developing agro-techniques has now been transferred to the National Medicinal Plants Board. 1.1.4 A Drug Control Cell (AYUSH) is working in the Department to deal with the matters pertaining to licensing and regulation of drugs and control of misbranded/adulterated and spurious manufacturing of Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha Drugs and other matters. The DC Cell also deals with developing Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) and matters relating to Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) as also coordination with Government of India Ministries/Departments concerned with IPR and patent claims. Besides, Information, Education & Communication (IEC) Cell and a Facilitation Center have also been functioning in the Department. 1.1.5. The Department realizes the need to develop itself into a dynamic and flexible organization in a rapidly changing and complex environment. The Department also realizes the need for appropriate human resource policy to maintain the motivation and cooperation of its employees to increase their 275

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efficiency. In order to streamline the working of the autonomous bodies, amendment in the composition and constitution of Governing Bodies and other Committees has been completed. The Scientific Advisory Committees (SACs) continue to ensure that proper technical & scientific inputs are available for undertaking promising, contemporary areas of research keeping in view the strengths of these systems. 1.1.6 The “Hindi Pakhwada” was organized in the Department from 1 to 14 September 2004. During the fortnight, competitions for Hindi typing, Hindi debate, Hindi essay, Hindi recitation and dictation were held. Amongst the various participants, 27 were declared winners in various catgegories. 1.1.7 The Right to Informaction Act, 2005 has been implemented in the Department of AYUSH w.e.f. 12.10.2005. The requisite information on

all the manuals as required under Section 4(1) (b) of the Act has been displayed at the web site of the Department and is also being published. A list of officers who have been appointed as Deputy Information Officers and Information Officers has also been displayed at the web site.The Department has hosted its own web site for wider dissemination of information of the Departmental activities including research work and other useful information such as availability of AYUSH treatment facilities, details about educational institutions, acts, regulation, schedule, Pharmacopoeial standards, common ailments and their remedies, etc. for the benefit of users. The web site address of the Department is : http://www.indianmedicine.nic.in. 1.1.8 The Plan and Non-Plan budget of Department of AYUSH during the year 2005-06 stood at Rs.350.00 crores and Rs.50.98 crores, respectively. The overall allocation for the 10th Five Year Plan stands at Rs.775.00 crores.


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Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)

Chapter 2

The term AYUSH covers Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy. These systems originated in India as well as outside but got adopted here in the course of time. These systems are popular in a large number of States in the country. There are separate Directorates of ISM&H in 18 States. Though Ayurveda is popular in all these States, it is more prevalent in the States of Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Orissa. The Unani System is particularly popular in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi and Rajasthan. Homoeopathy is more popular in Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar and North Eastern States.

viz. Vata (Ether+ Air), Pitta (Fire) and Kaph (Water + Earth). These three ‘Doshas’ are physiological entities in living beings. These are also known as three humours. The mental, spiritual and physical attributes are described as Satva, Rajas and Tamas. The doctrine of Ayurveda aims to keep these structural and functional entities in a functional state of equilibrium which signifies good health (Swastha). Any imbalance due to internal or external factors causes disease and restoring the equilibrium through various techniques, procedures, regimen, diet and medicine constitute the treatment. 2.2.3 Ayurveda considers the human being as a microcosm (Yatha pinde tatha brahmande), a replica of macrocosm (Universe). The treatment in Ayurveda system is individualized. Treatment in Ayurveda has two components; (a) Preventive; and (b) Curative. Preventive aspect of Ayurveda is called Svasth-Vritt and includes personal hygiene, regular daily routine, appropriate social behaviour and Rasayana Sevana, i.e, use of rejuvenative materials/food and rasayans drugs. The curative treatment consists of three major categories of procedures Aushadhi (drugs); (ii) Anna (diets) and (iii) Vihara (exercises and general mode of life). 2.2.4 During the Samhita period (1000 BC), Ayurveda developed into eight branches of specialties, which was a reason for it being called Ashtang Ayurveda. These are: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) Kayachikitsa (Internal Medicine) Kaumar Bharitya (Pediatrics) Graha Chikitsa (Psychiatry) Shalkya (Eye & ENT) Shalya Tantra (Surgery) Visha-Tantra (Toxicology) Rasayana (Geriatrics) Vajikarna (Science of virility) 277



2.2.1 Ayurveda (Ayu + Veda) means the “Science of Life”. The documentation of Ayurveda is referred to in Vedas (5000 BC). The origin of Ayurveda or the Indian Science of Life is linked with the origin of Universe and developed from out of the various Vedic hymns describing fundamentals/philosophies about the world and life, diseases and medicines. Around 1000 B.C., the knowledge of Ayurveda was comprehensively documented in Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita. According to Ayurveda, health is considered a pre-requisite for achieving the goals of life, i.e., dharma, artha, kama & moksha (salvation). Ayurveda takes an integrated view of the physical, mental and spiritual and social aspects of human beings, each impinging on the others. 2.2.2 The philosophy of Ayurveda is based on the theory of Panchmahabhutas (five elements) of which all the objects and living bodies are composed of. The combination of these five elements are represented in the form of Tridosha

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2.2.5 During the last 50 years of development in the teaching and training in Ayurveda, it has now developed twenty-two specialties. These are: (1) Ayurveda Sidhanta Principles of Ayurveda) (2) Ayurveda Samhita (3) Rachna Sharira (Anatomy) (4) Kriya Sharira (Physiology) (5) Dravya Guna Vigian (Materia Medica & Pharmacology) (6) Ras-Shashtra (7) Bhaishajya Kalpana (Pharmaceuticals) (8) Kaumar Bhritya - Bala Roga(Pediatrics) (9) Prasuti -Tantra avum - Stri Roga (Obstetrics & Gynaecology) (10) Swasth-Vritta (Social & Preventive Medicine) (11) Kayachiktisa (Internal Medicine) (12) Rog Nidan avum Vikriti Vigyan (Pathology) (13) Shalya Tantra (Samanya)(Surgery) (14) Salya Tantra – Ksar Karma avum Anushastra Karma. (15) Shalkya Tantra – Netra Roga (16) Shalakya Tantra – Shiro-Nasa-Karna Avum Kantha Roga (17) Shalakya Tantra – Danta Avum Mukha Roga (18) Manovigyana (Psychiatry) (19) Panchakarma (20) Agad Tantra avum Vidhi Vaidyaka (21) Sangyaharana (22) Chhaya avum Vikiran Vigyan avum Manas Roga (Fundamental

the development of this medical system. Siddha literature is in Tamil and it is practised in Tamil speaking parts of India and abroad. This Siddha system is largely therapeutic in nature. 2.3.2 The diagnosis of diseases involved identifying its causes. Identification of causative factors is through the examination of pulse, urine, eyes, study of voice, colour of body, tongue and the status of the digestive system. 2.3.3 The Siddha system of medicine emphasises that medical treatment is oriented not merely to disease but has to take into account the patient, environment, the meteorological consideration, age, sex, race, habits, mental frame, habitat, diet, appetite, physical condition, physiological constitution etc. This means the treatment has to be individualistic which ensures lesser chance of committing mistakes in diagnosis or treatment.



2.4.1 The Unani system of medicine is based on its well established knowledge & practices, relating to promotion of positive health & prevention of diseases. The Unani system originated in Greece and passed through many countries. Arabs enriched it with their own aptitude and experience and the system was brought to India during the Medieval period. 2.4.2 It has grown out of the fusion of devices, thoughts and experience of countries with ancient cultural heritage, namely, Egypt, Arabia, Iran, China, Syria and India. 2.4.3 The Unani system emphasises on the use of naturally occurring, mostly herbal, medicines and also uses few medicines of animal, marine and mineral origin. 2.4.4 This system of medicine was documented in AI Qanoon, a medical Bible, by Sheikh Bu-Ali Sina (Avicena) (980-1037 AD), and in Al-Havi by Razi (850-923 AD) and in many other books written by the Unani physicians.



2.3.1 Siddha System is one of the oldest systems of medicine in India. The term Siddha means ‘achievements’ and Siddhars were saintly persons who achieved ‘results’ in medicine. Eighteen Siddhars were said to have contributed towards 278

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2.4.5 This system is based on the Humoral theory i.e. presence of blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. The temperament of the person is accordingly expressed as sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and malancholic. According to the Unani theory, the humors and medicines themselves are assigned temperament. Any change in quantity and quality of humors, brings about a change in the status of health of human body. Balance is required in humors for maintenance of health. 2.4.6 The treatment comprises three components, namely, preventive, promotive and curative. Unani system of medicine is more efficacious in Rheumatic arthritis, Jaundice, Filariasis, Eczema, Sinusitis and Bronchial asthma. Its efficacy in the treatment and management of cardiac diseases is being researched. 2.4.7 For prevention of disease and promotion of health, the Unani system emphasise on six essentials (Asbab-e-Sitta Zarooria). These essentials are : (a) pure air (b) food and water (c) physical movement and rest (d) psychic movement and rest (e) sleep and wakefulness and (f) retention of useful materials and evacuation of waste materials from the body. 2.4.8 Treatment is carried out in four forms i.e. Pharmacotherapy, Dietotherapy, Regimental Therapy and Surgery. 2.4.9 Regimental therapy is the specialty of Unani system of medicine. It is called Ilaj Bid Tadbir. It has various methods of treatment for specific and complicated diseases. 2.4.10 During the last 50 years of teaching and training in Unani System of Medicine, it has now established seven PG Departments (I) Kulliyat (Fundamentals of USM) (II) Ilmul Adviya (Pharmacology) (III) Amraze Niswan(Gynaecology) (IV) Amraze Atfal (Paediatrics) (V)Tahafuzzi wa Samaji Tib(Social & Preventive Medicine) (VI) Moalejat(Medicine) (VII) Jarahiyat (Surgery)



Homoeopathy is a specialized method of drug therapy of curing natural diseases by administration of drugs, which have been experimentally proved to possess the power of producing similar artificial symptoms on healthy human beings. 2.5.1 Physicians from the time of Hippocrates (around 400 B.C.) observed that certain substances could produce symptoms that they were used to treat. However, it was a German doctor, Dr. Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann (1755 1843) who examined this observation more thoroughly, discovering the fundamental principles of what was to become Homoeopathy. 2.5.2 The first principle Similia Similibus Curentur, states that a medicine, which can induce a set of symptoms in healthy human beings, would be capable of curing the similar set of symptoms in disease state. In modern terminology it is known as Human Drug Pathogenicity Study (Drug Proving). The second principle of Single Medicine, advocates one medicine at a time for a particular patient during the treatment. The third principle Minimum Dose advocates use of least potent dose of the drug, which would provide full and complete cure without any side effects. Homoeopathy also believes that the causation of a disease mainly depends upon the susceptibility or proneness of an individual to the incidence of particular disease in addition to external agents, namely bacteria, viruses, etc. The treatment stresses on individual’s response to the specific environment. It is the individual person who is treated in Homoeopathy and not the disease. 2.5.3 In Homoeopathy, medicines are prepared from natural sources - Vegetable, Mineral, Animal, etc. There is no toxic or poisonous effect in these medicines since it is not the chemical or physical properties that are acting on the human system. 2.5.4 Homoeopathy has its own areas of strength in therapeutics. Its curative capability extends to allergic manifestations, autoimmune disorders and viral infections. Many Surgical, Gynaecological &

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Obstetrical conditions, ailments, affecting eyes, nose, ear, teeth, skin, sexual organs etc. are amenable to the homoeopathic treatment. Behaviour disorders, neurological problems, metabolic diseases are successfully handled by the Physicians of this system. Homoeopathy has effective answer to addiction to drugs, tobacco and alcohol and is highly efficacious in ridding of addicts and their craving for these noxious substances. 2.5.5 This system came to India during the lifetime of Hahnemann when a German physician and geologist arrived here, around 1810 A.D., and treated patients with this newfound principle. It got official patronage in 1839 when Dr. John Martin Honigberger, a disciple of Hahnemann, revisited India and successfully treated Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab.

2.6.2. Though Yoga is primarily a way of life, nevertheless, its promotive, preventive and curative interventions are efficacious. A number of postures are described in Yogic works to improve health, to prevent diseases, and to cure illness. The physical postures are required to be chosen judiciously and have to be practised in the right way to derive the benefits of prevention of disease, promotion of health and for therapeutic purposes. 2.6.3 Studies have revealed that the Yogic practices improve intelligence and memory and help in developing resistance to situations of strain and stress and also to develop an integrated psychosomatic personality. Meditation can stabilize emotional changes and prevent abnormal functions of vital organs of the body. Studies have shown that meditation not only restrains the sense organs but also controls the nervous system. 2.6.4. Naturopathy is not only a system of treatment but also a way of life. It is often referred to as a drugless treatment of diseases. It is based mainly on the ancient practice of the application of the simple laws of nature. The system is closely allied to Ayurveda as far as its fundamental principles are concerned. There are two schools of thought regarding the approach to naturopathy. One group believes in the ancient Indian methods while the other mainly adopts western methods that are more akin to modern physiotherapy. 2.6.5. The advocates of Naturopathy pay particular attention to eating and living habits, adoption of purificatory measures, use of hydrotherapy, cold packs, mud packs, baths, massage and a variety of methods/measures based on various innovations.



2.6.1 Yoga is primarily a way of life propounded by Patanjali in a systematic form. It consists of eight components, namely, restraint, observance of austerity, physical postures, breathing exercise, restraining of sense organs, contemplation, meditation and samadhi. These steps in the practice of Yoga have potential for improvement of social and personal behaviour, improvement of physical health by encouraging better circulation of oxygenated blood in the body, restraining the sense organs and thereby inducing tranquillity and serenity of mind. The practice of Yoga prevents psychosomatic disorders/diseases and improves individual resistance and ability to endure stressful situations.


Cancer is treatable if detected and treated early


Chapter 3



The Central Council of Indian Medicine is a Statutory Body constituted/ established under the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 vide Government of India Gazette Notification Extraordinary Part II Section 3(ii) dated 10.8.1971. The main objectives of the Central Council are as under:1. To prescribe Minimum Standards of Education in Indian Medicine viz Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Tibb. To advise Central Government in matters relating to ‘inclusion’ (Recognition) and ‘withdrawal’ (De-recognition) of medical qualifications in Second Schedule to the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970. To maintain the Central Register of Indian Medicine and revise the Register from time to time. To prescribe Standards of Professional Conduct, Etiquette and Code of Ethics to be observed by the practitioners.

3.1.3 During the year under report 96 Ayurveda, 33 Unani colleges and 06 Siddha colleges have been visited up to 31.08.2005 for the purpose of assessing the facilities of teaching and practical training for conducting undergraduate courses of Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha. 3.1.4 As per provision of establishment of new medical college, opening of new higher course of study or training and increase of admission capacity by medical college Regulations, 2003, proposals for starting new Ayurveda colleges by various organizations, proposals for increasing intake capacity by existing Ayurveda colleges in UG and in Post-graduate and proposals for starting Postgraduate course in Ayurveda, were received in the Department. The Central Councils after screening these proposals carried out inspection for establishment of new colleges, or for increasing intake capacity by existing Colleges and for starting Post-graduate course for making the recommendations to Government of India regarding approval/disapproval of the Scheme as required under Section 13 A of Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970. Accordingly, the recommendations of the Central Council as required under Section 13 A of IMCC (Amendment) Act, 2003 were conveyed to respective institutions by 31 August 2005. 3.1.5 During the year 2005-06 (upto 31-08-2005) the Central Register of the following States for the period mentioned against their names were notified in the Gazette of India Part-III Section IV:
S.No. Name of State 1. 2. Tamil Nadu Himachal Pradesh Period From April 2001 to March 2002 From April 1991 to March 1994 From April 1997 March 2001 to




3.1.2 Following courses are prescribed by the CCIM at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha:(i) Ayurveda charya (BAMS)

(ii) Kamil-e-Tib-o-Jarahat Course (BUMS) (iii) Siddha Maruthuva Arignar Course (BSMS) (iv) Ayurveda Vachaspati or MD(Ayurveda) (v) Mahir-e-Tib or MD (Unani) (vi) Siddha Maruthva Perarignar or MD (Siddha) These courses are being imparted in Ayurveda/ Unani/Siddha colleges affiliated to various Universities of the country. At present 221 Ayurveda, 38 Unani and 07 Siddha colleges are running in various states of the country.

Get your baby delivered only in a hospital


3.1.6 Number of practitioners enrolled in the Central Register maintained by the Central Council of Indian Medicine are as under :S.No. State Ayurveda Unani Siddha

Homoeopathy system as the Medical Council of India is to the modern system of medicine. 3.2.2 The Central Council is constituted with elected and nominated Members and has various Committees working under it. They are Executive Committee, Finance Committee, PG Education Committee, Registration Committee and Regulations Committee etc. 3.2.3 The role of the Council is to prescribe minimum standards in homoeopathic medical education in the country. The Colleges are required to satisfy these minimum standards for getting recognition from the Universities, Institutions and Boards in the country. 3.2.4 The Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 has been amended in 2002 providing for ‘prior permission of Government of India’ for starting a new College, and for increasing the number of seats in a College. This has been done mainly with a view to control the mushroom growth of substandard Homoeopathic medical Colleges in the country. 3.2.5 There are nearly 182 Homoeopathy medical colleges in the country which train Homoeopathy medical graduates in the country. Twenty-four Colleges also impart Post-Graduate course teaching leading to the award of M.D. (Homoeo) in seven specialities like Materia Medica, Repertory, Organon, Psychiatry, Pharmacy, Paediatrics and Practice of Medicine. 3.2.6 The Central Council of Homoeopathy continues to play its role in regulating and overseeing the implementation of standards in Homoeopathic medical education in the country. To achieve its objectives, the Council monitors the minimum requirements, norms and standards by undertaking inspections of the Colleges in the country. The Council also undertakes inspections of examinations being conducted by various Universities in the country.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Assam Andhra Pradesh Bihar (upto March 1997) Delhi Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh (upto March 2000) Maharashtra Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu (includes Sup. Register upto 1986) Uttar Pradesh (upto March 2000) West Bengal Total

88 3669 5018 5067 12306 2852 1545 38 5054 1742 8845 13502 3153 4747 9634 750 4585 899

—813 518 1419 47 85 9 109 164 3 387 611 11 253 932 209 1752 8

— ——1 —————51 —————1759 ——1811

83194 7330

3.1.7 The Budget allocation for the Central Council for the year 2005-06 under Plan is Rs. 15.00 lakhs and under Non-Plan is Rs. 86.00 lakhs.



3.2.1 The Central Council of Homoeopathy is a statutory Body constituted by Government of India under the provisions of Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973. Its main objectives include (a) regulating the homoeopathy medical education in the country and (b) to maintain a Central Register of Homoeopathy Practitioners in the country and matters connected therewith and also (c) to standardize professional conduct, etiquette and code of ethics for the practitioners of Homoeopathy. In short, the Central Council of Homoeopathy is to 282

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3.2.7 The Central Council of Homoeopathy is supported by the Central Government through annual budget grants. During the year 2005-06 the CCH has been provided with Rs.70.00 lakhs under Non-Plan and Rs 10.00 lakhs under Plan under Budget Estimates.

Name of Course

Admission Reservation Total No. of Capacity Students in different classes

BAMS (Ayurvedacharya) M.D.(Ay.) (Ayurveda Vachaspati) Fellowship (Ayurveda Varidhi) Diploma in Ayurveda Compounder/ Nurse Training


15% for SC, 7.5% for ST & 10 Seats for Girls 15% for SC 7.5% for ST




3.3.1 The National Institute of Ayurveda was established on 7-2-1976 by the Government of India as an apex Institute of Ayurveda in the country to develop high standard of teaching, training and research in all aspects of Ayurvedic System of Medicine with a scientific approach. The Institute is engaged in Teaching, Clinical, Training and Research at under-graduate, postgraduate and Ph.D. level and also provides guidance for external Ph.D. scholars in Ayurveda by its affiliation with the Rajasthan Ayurved University. Admission to both UG and PG levels are made after conducting all India Entrance Test. 3.3.2 The Institute is imparting three years, post-graduate training of “Ayurveda Vachaspati” (M.D.Ay.) in 11 subjects, viz. viz. Dravya Guna Vigyana, Kayachikitsa, Kaumarbhritya, Panchakarma, Rasa Shastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana, Roga and Vikriti Vigyan, Maulik Siddhanta(Samhita), Shalya Tantra, Sharir Kriya, Sharir Rachana and Swastha Vritta. The admission capacity to M.D.(Ay.) is 55 per year. Two Fellowships each in the subjects of Kaya Chikitsa, Maulik Siddhanta, Vikriti Vigyan, Shallya Tantra, Dravya Guna and Sharir Kriya are also available. The Institute has started a Diploma in Ayurveda Nursing and Pharmacy of 2½ year duration. The admission capacity to Diploma in Ayurveda Nursing and Pharmacy is 20 per year. Ten seats for boys and 10 seats for girls are available.

55 (5 each in 11 subjects)


12(2 each 10% for in 6 SC/ST subjects) 20 15% for SC7.5% for ST



3.3.3 The Institute has two Hospitals with 180 beds along with various facilities like Pathological Tests, Bio-chemical Tests, X-rays, ECG, CTMT, Spirometery, Dental, Audiometer, etc. Medicines, to the extent possible, are dispensed free both at OPD and IPD. During the year, 1058 new patients were treated at indoor and 25664 new patients at outdoor level. 3.3.4 National Institute of Ayurveda organized an ISO Awareness Workshop in association with National Productivity Council, New Delhi, from 16 to 20 May 2005 for award of ISO 9001 Certification to the Institute as per directives of the Department of AYUSH. 3.3.5 A Delegation of XII Committee for Social Affairs of the Chamber of Deputies of Italy visited the Institute. This Delegation led by President, Social Affairs Commission of Italy, visited the Indoor/ Outdoor patient care and appreciated the services provided by this Institute. 3.3.6 The Institute has its own Pharmacy in which 74 varieties of medicines worth Rs. 7.63 lakhs were manufactured during the year 2005-06. 3.3.7 The Budget Allocation for 2005-06 is Rs.500 lakh under Plan and Rs. 610 lakh under Non-Plan.

Father is equally responsible for happiness of the family




3.4.1 The National Institute of Siddha (NIS), Chennai is an autonomous organization under the control of Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. The Institute has been inaugurated by Dr. Manmohan Singh, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India on 3.9.05.

3.4.3 The Institute has started the P.G. classes in Siddha in six specialised branches viz. i) Maruthuvam, ii) Gunapadam, iii) Sirappu Maruthuvam, iv) Noi Nadal, v) Kuzhanthai maruthuvam and vi) Nanju Noolum Maruthuva Neethi Noolum from 30.9.04. (Each specialised branch has 5 students).

3.4.4 Activities other than teaching and core administration have been outsourced/ 3.4.2 The Institute privatized to aims to conduct PG maintain efficient Education for students functioning and cost of Siddha system, to control. Till date 129 provide medical care faculty posts, and through this system, to para medical staff P.M. Dr. Manmohan Singh inagurating National Institute of Siddha conduct research in its and administrative on 03.09.05 in Chennai various aspects and to posts have been created/approved for outsourcing. develop, promote and propagate this science. The Institute has been established by the Government 3.4.5. During 2005-06, the institute has been as a joint venture with the Government of Tamil provided with Rs. 500 lakh under Plan budget. This Nadu. The Government of India and the State Ministry has approved the construction of a 60Government share the capital expenditure in the seat Girls’ hostel at an estimated cost of Rs. 190.00 ratio of 60:40 and the recurring expenditure in lac during the year for the Institute. the ratio of 75:25.

3.5.1 The National Institute of Homoeopathy (NIH) was established on 10 December 1975 in Kolkata as an Autonomous Organisation under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Goverment of India. The Institute conducts the degree course in Homoeopathy viz Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery [B.H.M.S.] since 1987 and postgraduate course i.e. Doctor of Medicine in Homoeopathy [M.D. (Hom.)] in three subjects viz Organon of Medicine, Repertory and Materia Medica since 1998-99. 3.5.2 This Institute was affiliated to the University of Calcutta up to Session 2003-04 and

A veiw of NIS, Chennai


Mother's milk is best food for Infants

is affiliated to West Bengal University of Health Sciences from 2004-05 onwards and presently conducts two regular courses in Homoeopathy viz. Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery (BHMS) and the Doctor of Medicine in Homoeopathy - MD (Hom). The Institute also arranges Orientation Training courses for Teachers and Physicians. 3.5.3 The BHMS course is of 5 ½ years duration (including one year compulsory Internship) and was started in December 1987. Presently the 17th batch is on roll. The MD (Hom) course is under the West Bengal University of Health Sciences in three subjects viz. Organon of Medicine, Repertory and Materia Medica. Six seats are available in each subject. The seventh batch has been enrolled this year. Total admitted students till date are 16 and two students one from Thailand and other from Bangladesh have been nominated under BIMSTEC Scheme. 3.5.4 The Hospital consisting outpatient & inpatient Departments provide free medical services to the patients suffering from different ailments. Specialized clinics with investigation facilities through clinical pathology, radiology, ultra sonography and ECG are available. The scope of sophisticated biochemical investigations is also available, after the introduction of semi-auto analyzer machine. The Institute has been presently providing indoor facilities through 60-bed Hospital of which 10 beds are earmarked for surgery and 10 for maternity. In addition to the 60 beds, eight Air-conditioned paying cabins have been provided. Six-bed paediatric wards have been opened during this period. As this is an academic Institution, patients suffering from different ailments are admitted for curative purpose as well as for clinical training of the under-graduate and post-graduate students. The Institute has an operation theatre. New apparatus/instruments, such as pulse oxymeter, diatheramy, portable X-ray etc. have been introduced in the operation theatre. In addition to the old operation theatre, new apparatus/instruments i.e. Horizontal sterilizer for O.T. and O.T. lamp have been added. Orthopaedic surgery has also been started. The Institute has a labour room and undertakes antenatal/post-natal

care of the mother and child and also giving clinical training to the under-graduate students. Recently, Cardiology and Physiotherapy cubicles were opened in the OPD. Since January 2005, the Institute has started payment system for Patients in OPD, IPD and Investigations, except poor patients and research patients. Total number of OPD patients 6384 and IPD patients 278 have been provided medical care during the period. Now the Institute have started charging Rs. 10/- per patient for registration in OPD on every visit. 3.5.5 NIH Kolkata is also having a herbal garden at Kalyani, 60 kms away from the Institute in the District of Nadia, West Bengal. The garden is spread over 10 hectares of land. Four hectares of land has already been brought under plantation with medicinal trees and shrubs. There are at present 120 medicinal species with 2253 trees, 1050 shrubs and 3150 herbs. 3.5.6 The Institute is fully funded by Government of India through grants-in-aid. During 2005-06 NIH has been provided with Rs. 750.00 lakhs under Plan and Rs.110.0 lakhs under Non-Plan under Budget.




3.6.1 The National Institute of Naturopathy (NIN), Pune was established in the year 1984 at Bapu Bhavan with the objective of promotion and

Workshop on ‘Respiratory Diseases’ held under the aegis of National Institute of Naturopathy, Pune

Complete & correct knowledge protects you from AIDS


propagation of Naturopathy throughout the country and to encourage research in the field of Naturopathy treatments to cure chronic ailments, prevent diseases and promote healthy living. At their Modern Naturopathy Clinic 22,000 patients were treated from April’05 to September’05. 3.6.2 NIN also conducts six Yoga Classes (four Basic, one Advance and one therapy) for public in its premises, with practicals on Asanas, Pranayama, and Kriyas etc. Average participation is 180 per day. 3.6.3 Through its Health Shop, health food items like Brown Rice, Jaggery, Herbal Tea, Honey, Mud, Herbal Oils, Herbal Face Packs/Wash and Naturopathy equipments like Enema Sets, Jal Neti Pots, Rubber Neti, Acupressure and Magnet Items; Books, Charts in English, Hindi and Marathi, etc are sold. Total sales upto September, 2005 was Rs. 3.17 lakhs. 3.6.4 One Year Treatment Attendant Training Course (TATC) for 10th standard passed candidates is being run for 50 students at the Institute a stipened of Rs. 2000/-per month is also given to the trainees. 3.6.5 NIN sponsored 19 programmes upto September 2005 in North Eastern States in Manipur, Sikkim, Mizoram, Assam, Nagaland, Tripura, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, etc. 3.6.6 This Institute sponsors Naturopathy Awareness Programmes & Camps through various Naturopathy Hospitals and NGOs. Thirty-five such programmes were sponsored upto September 2005. 3.6.7 Naturopathy and Yoga experts are invited for lectures on every Wednesday. A total of 25 lectures upto September 2005 were conducted during this year 3.6.8 Institute provides free acupressure treatment to patients, six days in a week. On an 286

average 265 patients per month availed this facility upto September 2005. 3.6.9 Budgetary support of Rs. 175 Lakhs in Plan has been provided to the Institute by the Department in the year 2005-06.

3.7.1 The National institute of Unani Medicine (NIUM), Bangalore was registered under the Societies Registration Act on 19 November 1984 as a centre of excellence to develop and propagate Unani system of Medicine. N.I.U.M. is a joint venture of the Government of India and the state Government of Karnataka. It is affiliated with the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health ScienceBangalore, Karnataka. 3.7.2 National Institute of Unani Medicine is

Aerial view of the National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore showing the hospital and the pharmacy.

spread in more than 55 acres of land and the first phase of construction was completed at a cost of Rs. 14.00 Crores having 100 Bedded Hospital, Academic Block, Hostel building, Administrative Block, and Library. The Institute has earmarked 3 acres of land for the development of medicinal garden. Besides small Herbs and Shrubs have been planted near the academic block. A demonstrable Garden has been established in central Lawn of Laboratory block with 11 aromatic and Medicinal

Newborns need special care during the first month

Plants. Further rare plants are also proposed to be cultivated in near future. For cultivation of the Medicinal herbs, like Stevia habiscus, Malissia officinalis, Centinella asciatica, Piper longum, at large scale a plot has been prepared in front of Pharmacy. 3.7.4 In the last few years of the existence of this Institute, besides teaching in four subjects, the institute has been providing free treatment facilities to the patients in OPD & IPD. 3.7.5 There is a well-established and spacious library building on the campus having the latest Books, rare Manuscripts, Journals etc. and all the facilities of Reprography & Xerox. The Departments

started in December 2004. This Institute has been able to attract the students from larger part of the country and follows the curriculum prescribed by the Central Council of Indian Medicine and offers the postgraduate course - M.D. Unani in the following four disciplines. 1. 2. 3. 4. Moalijat (Medicine) Ilmul Qablat wa Amraz-e-Niswan-wa-Atfal (OBG) Hifzan-e-Sehat(PSM) Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology)

3.7.8. The SFC has approved the second phase of the Institute and construction work is likely to commence soon.



3.8.1 The Institute of Post-Graduate Teaching & Research in Ayurveda (IPGTRA), Jamnagar is one of the constituents of the Gujarat Ayurved University. It is one of the oldest P.G. teaching centres of Ayurveda. The Institute is fully financed by the Government through grants-in-aid for its maintenance and development.
View of a Health Camp organized by National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore.

are equipped with the latest computer systems, latest printers, slide projector, OHP etc. The National Institute of Unani Medicine has its own web site http://www.niumbangalore.co.in 3.7.6 The Institute has a separate pharmacy building on the campus, with almost all the up-todate machines and equipment. This pharmacy will be catering to the needs of OPD & IPD. 3.7.7. National Institute of Unani Medicine has established contacts with many Institutions and organisations in other parts of the country and for the admission to the M.D. Unani Course, Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore conducts the admission test. The first batch was

3.8.2 There are six teaching departments in the Institute, which provide facility for teaching and research in 13 specialities for post-graduate degree and doctorate degree. This year 34 students were admitted, 33 weekly seminar and a guess lectures were organised. 5 students were awarded Ph.D. 3.8.3 Nine students from countries like U.K., Turkey, Australia, Japan, Portugal, Sweden and Lithuania had joined three months’ introductory course in Ayurveda. Three hundred theory and practical classes were organised for them. A training workshop for 12 students from Argentina was conducted in Kayachikitsa, Basic Principles, Rasashastra, etc. Four students from Great Britain underwent clinical training in Ayurveda. 3.8.4 This year total 1,29,185 patients were treated in O.P.D. of the Institute for their serveral 287

Opt for hospital delivery for safety of Mother & Baby

ailments in the different specialities of the OPD. During the year a total of 2102 patients were admitted for treatment of general and chronic disorders as well as a part of research projects. Project on various aspects of Punarnavadi Mandur is going on in different departments, Project to prepare SOP of 10 herbo mineral formulations is being carried out in departments of RS &BK. Project on Drug Standardisation is going on in Pharmaceutical Lab of the Institute. 3.8.5 Department has provided a Budget allocation of Rs.150.00 lac (Plan) and Rs.475.00 lakh (NonPlan) for the year 2005-06.

3.10.1 The Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga (MDNIY), New Delhi is an autonomous body registered under the Societies’ Registration Act, 1860 and fully funded by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy [AYUSH]). The main objectives of the institute are (i) to act as a Centre of Excellence of Yoga; (ii) to develop, promote and propagate the Science of Yoga; & (iii) to provide and promote facilities of training, teaching and research to fulfil the above objectives. As the new building complex became functional, the mission and vision of MDNIY were defined and activities started. 3.10.2 The institute provided OPD facilities for counselling and Yoga therapy for the patients. The OPD consultation timing were increased. The institute also conducts classes for healthy people (Sadhaks) in Yoga postures and meditation daily during specified hours in different batches along with the other procedures of Yoga (Shatkarma) prescribed to be done before Yogic exercises. Separate classes are conducted for males and females. The institute is conducting one year Diploma Course in Yoga for graduates. Seats were increased from 25 to 50. Scholarships for foreign students, SC/ST category etc. were introduced and seats for foreign students were also made available. The syllabus was redesigned. Apart from these services, meditation classes are also organized for interested people, mentally disturbed/depressed persons and for those who lack concentration. As a part of the institute’s extension services to propagate Yoga, classes/lectures were arranged in different Government institutions. 3.10.3 A new complex has been built for the institute with state–of-the-art facilities.The new programmes/activities of the institute especially



3.9.1 The Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth (RAV) is an autonomous organization under the Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & F.W. and was registered under Societies Act, 1860 in 1988. 3.9.2 RAV imparts practical training to Ayurvedic graduates and postgraduates below the age of 45 years through Guru Shishya Parampara,i.e. the traditional method of transfer of knowledge. Admission to these courses is done through advertisement on All India basis after written test and interview. During the year 2005-06, 27 students completed their course, 14 students are studying in these courses and 20 more were admitted to receive training. 3.9.3 The Vidyapeeth also organizes Seminars/ Workshops every year to disseminate traditional knowledge and research outcome to practitioners and researchers. 3.9.4 The Vidyapeeth also conducts interacative workshops between students and teachers to discuss issues of controversy and provide clarity for further utilisation in the fields of education, research and patient care. 3.9.5 The Budgetary allocation for 2005-06 is Rs.80.00 lakhs under Plan and Rs.5.00 lakhs under Non-Plan. 288

Give Polio drops regardless of religion or caste

included the following:(i) Yoga classes at Leh, a district of Laddakh at the height of more than 11,500 at sea level were conducted to train Army Jawans and officials. (v)

contest were also organized for them. A Certificate Course in Yoga (CCY) of three months duration for Army personnel of was initiated. The aim of the course is to make aware Army Officers about the preventive, promotive and curative aspects of Yoga. Thirty-eight Army personnel have joined the course.

(ii) MDNIY collaborated with Delhi Administration, Department of Welfare for promotion and propagation the concepts of Yoga among women belonging to weaker sections of the Society. Smt. Sheila Dikshit, Chief Minister of Delhi inaugurated the special awareness Yoga Camp under Stree Shakti under Bhagidari Programme.Yoga camps were organized in nine districts of Delhi. It is going to be a regular feature during every month. (iii) A two-week Re-orientation Training Programme for school teachers was conducted. Forty-seven teachers benefited from the programme.

(vi) A delegation from Myanmar, Union Health

Bhagidhari : A Yoga awareness Programme organized by Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga.

Minister, former AICTE Chairman Dr. S. Ramegouda, former Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh, Shri Shanta Ram and Dean and Chief Medical Officer Vivekanand Yogas Nagratna and many other dignitaries visited and appreciated the programmes conducted by the Institute.
A view of the Yoga Training organized at Leh by Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga.

(iv) A Yoga workshop for school children was conducted. Fifty-five students in the age group of 8-16 years attended the workshop. Apart from theoretical and practical knowledge about Yoga the children were taught moral code of conduct (Yama – Niyama) and dietary education also. Poster and dietary quiz

(vii) A special summer workshop for school children was conducted to promote importance of healthy life style and diet among children. (viii) Healthy aging programmes for aged people were organized. (ix) Weekend classes were introduced so that more and more working people especially executives etc. could avail benefits of yoga.

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3.10.4 The institute has been provided Rs. 200 lakhs under Plan and Rs.175 lakhs under Non-Plan during 2005-06.

3.12.1 There is a growing resurgence of interest in education in AYUSH systems of medicine. The Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) is committed to development and propagation of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy. The improvement of standard of education is one of the thrust areas of the Department. For regulating the education and practice in Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy respectively, the Central Council of Indian Medicine and Central Council of Homoeopathy have framed Regulations for undergraduate and postgraduate education. There are approximately 450 Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy colleges/teaching institutions in the country. AYUSH teaching institutions are supposed to provide the infrastructure set out in the Regulations which include buildings for the college, hostel, library and a hospital with the requisite bed strength,teaching and non-teaching staff, etc. 3.12.2 It has been noticed that several teaching institutions do not meet the requirements prescribed in the Regulations for minimum standards. The onus for creating the required infrastructure and making provision for teaching faculty etc. in accordance with the prescribed Regulations rests with the concerned college and the Departments / Organisations, which have established the college. However, in order to assist the colleges to fill the critical gaps, this Department has been implementing schemes for assisting the AYUSH teaching institutions. The schemes seek to supplement their efforts in order to make the task of upgradation of education standards easier. 3.12.3 The scheme for development of institution has the following components:(i) Development of AYUSH UG Colleges.

3.11.1 The Department constituted an Education Policy Section on 16 April 2003 to deal with the matters related to the grant of permission of the Central Government for opening of new colleges, increasing admission capacity and starting new or higher courses in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani Tibb and Homoeopathy. A comprehensive Ordinance (8 of 2003) for amending IMCC Act was issued on 7.11.2003 for making permission of the Central Government mandatory before establishing new colleges of Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha; starting new or higher courses and increasing admission capacity. Further, it also provides for ensuring uniformity of standards in existing colleges within a period of three years. Homoeopathy Central Council Act was also amended for making the permission of Central Government mandatory for opening new Homoeopathic colleges, starting new or higher courses and increasing admission capacity. 3.11.2 The Regulations for granting permission by the Central Government for opening of new college/ start of new course/increase of admission capacity under the provisions of Section 13 A of IMCC (Amendment) Act, 2003 have been notified by CCIM and the Regulaltions for the same purpose under the provisions of Section 12 A of HCC (Amendment) Act, 2002 have been approved by the competent authorities and sent to CCH for notification. These legal provisions will improve the education standards of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy. 3.11.3 After due inspection and recommendations of CCIM/CCH the permission of the Central Govt. has been granted for establishment of two new Ayurveda Colleges and one new Homoeopathic College and after the amendments, permission has also been granted for starting of higher courses in National Institute of Ayurveda and increase in admission capacity in one Homoeopathic college. 290

(ii) Assistance to PG Medical Education

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(iii) Re-orientation Training Programme for AYUSH personnel (iv) Renovation and Strengthening of hospital wards of Government /Governmentaided teaching hospitals of AYUSH. (v) Establishment of Computer Laboratory in AYUSH colleges.

1. Out Patient Department 2. Inpatient department 3. Girls’ hostel 4. Laboratories and Pharmacy 5. Library 6. Boys’ Hostel.

(vi) Upgradation of academic institutes to the status of State Model Institute of Ayurved/Siddha/Unani/Homeopathy. 3.12.4 Under the component “Development of AYUSH UG Colleges”, colleges of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy are given financial assistance in order to help them achieve the norms laid down by Central Council of Indian Medicine/ Central Council of Homeopathy as well as to strengthen the infrastructure of the colleges. There are two sub-components of this component:(A) Assistance for strengthening of AYUSH graduate level college. (B) Assistance for add-on component of infrastructure for Pharmacy and Nursing education of AYUSH. (A) Strengthening of existing undergraduate colleges of AYUSH. Assistance would be provided for the following only once in the 10th Plan period.

Equipment :
Assistance will be provided for procuring equipment. Department has approved categories of equipment, keeping in view the essential Minimum Standards of Education. The Institute will give priority for the purchase of essential equipment directly related to the education and clinical services. A maximum of Rs.10.00 Lakh will be provided for the purpose.

Library Books etc :
Colleges which have adequate space and qualified librarians and full time staff of Library Assistant/ Attendants shall be considered for the release of a non-recurring grant of Rs.2.00 Lakh for the Plan Period. The non-recurring grant will be used for the purchase of books relating to AYUSH degree courses. As far as possible, not more than five copies of the usual text books prescribed for the library should be purchased, so as to encourage the students to procure the same at their own. Each of the grantee colleges should form a Library Committee to oversee the requirements of books/ journals for the college on year to year basis.

Capital Works:
The capital works include works such as strengthening/addition of the existing college building, hospital building, library and hostel facilities, Pharmacy Department, Library etc. Only Government and Government aided colleges would be eligible for assistance for capital works. Government aided colleges receiving more than 80% grant will have to ensure their matching share compared to grant applied for, for capital work. Private colleges will not be eligible for receiving grant for capital works. Priority will be given in the following order for the construction work of:

Pattern of Assistance
Sl. No. 1 Non-recurring (a) Capital works for strengthening/augmentation of existing college building as well as construction of collegehospital, hostel buildings, laboratories, library, Pharmacy and Raw Drug Museum. Equipment Library Books etc. Corpus fund (one time assistance) Total (Rs. in Lakh) 50.00

2 3 4

10.00 02.00 05.00 67.00

Timely immunization must for all children


Add-on Component of Pharmacy and Nursing Education
The need for starting pharmacy and nursing education is emphasized in the National Policy on ISM & H - 2002. Accordingly, the add-on component of pharmacy and nursing education in the existing UG Scheme has been added. However, the grantin-aid for add-on component of pharmacy and nursing education will be implemented only after the Pharmacy and Nursing Education is regulated by a statutory council and the course approved by them is adopted. 3.12.5 The following criteria are followed by this Department while screening the proposals for grantin-aid: (i) The institutions/colleges should have been duly recognised by CCIM/CCH; (ii) The institutions/colleges should have completed five years of existence and at least one batch of students should have successfully come out of the institutions; (iii) The institution/college should have a minimum admission of 30 students every year; (iv) There should be regular turn over of graduate and post-graduate students as the case may be; (v) The institution should have been functioning along with teaching hospital with adequate case load; (vi) Priority should be given to government institutions/colleges; (vii) There should be at least 50% of the prescribed teaching staff in position; (viii) Relaxation may be considered for colleges/ institutions in the North Eastern States/ Sikkim and J&K; and (ix) NOC from the State Government in the prescribed proforma should be submitted by the organisation.

assisted under the scheme in the earlier plan would not be eligible to receive any further assistance beyond five years. Financial involvement of the States or the applicant Institute would be ensured. 3.13.2. The pattern of assistance for Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani colleges is as follows:

(l). (2). (3). (4). (5). (6).

Expenditure on following posts in each department :Professor/Reader/Associate Professor Assistant Prof. /Lecturer Technician Technical Assistant Laboratory Attendant Junior Clerk/Typist Total 1 (one) 1 (one) 1 (one) 1 (one) 1 (one) 1 (one) 6 (six)


Other facilities to students:-

A lump sum amount will be provided to the State Government/institute which could be utilized for payment of stipend to the students by the institute. This lump sum amount will be calculated on the basis of number of students admitted in P.G. course at the following rates:Stipend Rate per month per student
1st year 2nd year 3rd year Rs. 7000/Rs. 7500/Rs. 8000/-

3.13.1 In due appreciation of the need to promote PG education in AYUSH systems of medicine the component “Assistance to PG Medical Education (Upgradation of UG Department for creating postgraduation facilities) has been formulated and is being implemented. Only new Departments in Government and Government aided institutes are eligible to receive grant under this scheme for post graduate training. The grant would be provided for five years only. The Departments which were 292

Recurring liability on this account shall be for five years only. No recurring liability will lie on the Central Government after five years of running the P.G. course with central assistance.


Non-recurring expenditure:-

Assistance for meeting non-recurring expenditure will be provided on the basis of scrutiny of actual requirements. The scale of pay etc. of the above posts will be according to State scales of pay etc. for similar posts. The staff proposed in para (A) above is the maximum number of posts that can be supported under the scheme. Sanction for actual staff shall be made after examining the position

At least 3 check-ups must for pregnant women before delivery

of the existing staff in the department to be upgraded. 3.13.3. The pattern of Assistance for Homoeopathy Colleges is as follows:

3.13.5. Both recurring and non-recurring grants are given under this scheme.

3.14.1. There is a need for continuous improvement of skill and knowledge of AYUSH practitioners and teachers. This Department has been supporting AYUSH institutions for reorientation training purposes since 8th Five Year Plan. The programme is now revised considering the needs of AYUSH personnel. Different programmes have been devised for teachers and physicians. Now the Re-orientation Training Programme has two sub-components: (A). Reorientation training programme for AYUSH personnel. (B). Short-term Continuing Medical Education (CME) programme for AYUSH physicians/ practitioners. 3.14.2.(A) Re-Orientation Training Programme For Ayush Personnel


RECURRING:Salary 0.83 lakh (For one Department)

Additional posts each of Teacher and Laboratory Assistant can be financed under this scheme. The scales of pay etc. of these posts will be according to the scales prevailing in the State concerned. (ii) Other facilities to students A lump sum amount will be provided to the institute which could be utilized for payment of stipend to the students by the institute. This lump sum amount will be calculated on the basis of number of students admitted in P.G. course at the following rates.
Stipend rate per month per student Ist year 2nd year 3rd year Contingency grant Rs. 7000 Rs. 7500 Rs. 8000 Rs. 1.60 lakh

a) Government/Private/N.G.O. Institutions of AYUSH are eligible to take up this training programme. Teachers and doctors from Government/ Government aided private and non-aided private institutions of AYUSH are eligible for this training. However, preference will be given to Government colleges/teachers and doctors.


As per requirement Rs. 0.50 lakh


Equipment Books

Conditions similar to Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani colleges would apply for grant in aid to homoeopathic colleges. 3.13.4. However, for upgradation of one department of Homoeopathy college, recurring grant admissible is Rs.0.83 lakh for salary for additional post each of Teacher and Laboratory Assistant, Stipend – Rs.2.60 lakh and Contingency grant not exceeding Rs. 1.60 lakh. Non-recurring grant of Rs.13.00 lakh is also admissible for purchase of X-ray machine, ECG machine, Computer system, Photocopier etc.

(A) Scheme for general re-orientation-To make the programme cost effective, a batch of 20 trainees should form a group for the Scheme covering teachers and physicians. The course will be run for two weeks. (B) Scheme for specialised courses- A batch of 10 trainees may form a group for specialised re-orientation training programme like Kshar-sutra, Panchkarma therapy and Dental practices 293

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(Ayurveda) and courses on Yoga. This course will be of one month duration. Minimum number of trainees should be eight. Financial Assistance and Duration of the Training
1. Teachers and physicians training 2. Training in specialized fields i.e. Panchkarma and Ksharsutra therapy 3. Training in Yoga of AYUSH personnel 2 weeks Rs.1,02,520 4 weeks Rs.1,13,740

3. As many practitioners can participate in the programme, subject to a minimum of 50 in urban areas and 30 in rural areas. They will not be given any TA/DA, however, expenditure on training materials, lunch, tea and snacks etc. may be met out of the grant funds. 4. Not more than four such programmes in a year will be allocated to the selected organiser. 5. The expenditure on TA/DA of four experts, honorarium to experts, boarding and lodging, hiring of accommodation, training material and stationery, lunch and tea etc will come to Rs. 50,000/3.14.4 During 2005-06, an assistance of Rs.100.22 lakh has been released for organizing146 programmes in 57 institutions till date.

4 weeks Rs.1,07,140

3.14.3(B). SHORT TERM CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION (CME) PROGRAMME FOR GENERAL AYUSH PRACTITIONERS AYUSH practitioners usually remain unaware of the scientific developments and recent trends and advances in clinical practice. As a result, the clinical competence of the practitioners declines over the years which may adversely affect their professional skill and deprive the masses from the benefit of health sector developments in the right perspectives. There is also a need to keep them informed about the National Health Programme with an objective of mainstreaming them. Therefore this Department has formulated and is implementing an additional component of Continuous Medical Education (CME). Following are broad guidelines for the scheme : 1. AYUSH Colleges whether Private or Government Local Government bodies with AYUSH infrastructure, NGOs, involved in the AYUSH sector interested in taking up such programme may be provided central assistance. This programme may also be implemented through Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). 2. Two days programme preferably on Saturday and Sunday with eight lectures cum demonstration sessions, each of 1.5 hours duration be conducted by the organiser with the help of four outside experts, who will be paid for the purpose as per funding pattern prescribed under Re-orientation Training Programme Scheme.

Hospitals attached with medical colleges provide important clinical material for picking up practicing for the system to students. It has been observed that there is need to improve condition of the teaching hospitals. These hospitals are admitting a large number of patients, but the wards, therapy sections, hospital pharmacy, kitchen etc. are noty hygienically maintained and upgraded. One time financial assistance upto Rs.20 lakh per hospital is admissible under the scheme for government institutions and Rs. 10.00 lakh for governmentaided institutions. During 2005-06, assistance of Rs.220.09 lakh has been released for renovation of 12 colleges.

With a view to using information technology by the ISM & H Medical Colleges in promoting the education standards and also to have access to the worldwide websites including those of the Department of ISM & H and related Research Councils, the scheme has been formulated and was


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implemented during the last two years of ninth five year plan on pilot basis and an amount of Rs.10.00 lakhs as grant-in-aid was released to each of the 15 Government Medical Colleges during the years 2000-01 and 2001-02 for implementation of the scheme. A budget provision of Rs 2.50 crores is made in the tenth five year plan under this scheme and the scheme is approved for implementation in Government AYUSH Colleges with post-graduate education facility by providing grants-in-aid @ Rs 10.00 lakhs to each of 25 colleges. The grant-in-aid has been released to five colleges during the year 2003-04, and eight colleges in 2004-05 and two colleges in 2005-06 so far.

(l) (2) (3) (4)

Capital works, Furnishing and Renovation Machinery, Equipment and Computers, Books & Journals Additional Technical and Teaching Staff Total

1.50 crore 1.00 crore 0.10 crore 0.60 crore

Rs. 3 Crore (Maximum)

The institute is provided financial assistance upto a maximum Rs. 3 crores subject to actual requirement for upgrading the infrastructure to attain the status of Model Institute. The grant is released in three installments. 3.17.2 During 2005-06, assistance of Rs. 604.70 lakh has been released for upgradation of 6 Model colleges till Oct 2005. It is expected that this scheme would improve standard of the selected institutions substantially. 3.18 ASSISTANCE FOR EXCHANGE PROGRAMME/ SEMINAR/ CONFERENCE/ WORKSHOP ON AYUSH 3.18.1 The Department has been implementing a scheme, namely, “Assistance for Exchange Programme/ Seminars/ Workshops” with the objective to promote and develop AYUSH; increased involvement of professional/ researchers for dissemination of the proven results of research and development in the field of AYUSH and thereby promoting the culture of R & D in the Indian systems of medicine: to facilitate deputation of experts/officers to other countries for propagation of AYUSH etc. 3.18.2 Institutions/Bodies eligible for assistance: (1) Department of AYUSH, (2) State Governments, (3) Autonomous bodies functioning under the Department of AYUSH, (4) Central/ State Governments institutions involved in the promotion of the cause of ISM &H, (5) Reputed NGOs and individuals (Indian and foreign) involved in the dissemination of proven results of AYUSH, promotion and development of AYUSH and having at least 3 years experience in the field; and (6) Apex / recognized associations of trade and industry working in the field of AYUSH. 295

The scheme of assistance to postgraduate medical education functional during 9th plan had a restricted scope of creating new postgraduate departments. Generalised development of the institute with an object of creating state-of-theart institute was not envisaged in this scheme. Currently Indian Systems of Medicine are attracting global interest. Considering the need, a scheme to develop one Model Institute of ISM&H per system per State is under implementation in the 10th Plan.

1. Government institutes recognized by the Central Council at least for 10 years. 2. Institutes, fulfilling at least 50% Council norms. Financial assistance will be provided for appointment of additional technical staff required for the Department of Radiology, Microbiology, Biochemistry & Anaesthesia .and deficient teaching staff in the post graduate departments. This staff will be appointed by the Institute on contractual basis in the plan period. Summary of major head-wise allocation limits

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3.18.3 During 2004-05, Rs. 35.25 lakh have been sanctioned for holding 30 Seminar/ Conference/Workshop etc. Financial assistance of

Rs. 40.50 lakh has been sanctioned for holding 31 Seminar/conference/Workshop etc. upto the end of September 2005.


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Research and Development

Chapter 4

4.1.1 The four Research Councils, viz. (i) Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha (CCRAS); (ii) Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM) (iii) Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) and (iv) Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy (CCRYN), continued to initiate and guide, develop and coordinate scientific research in different aspects of respective systems, both fundamental and allied. These Councils are the apex bodies for research in the concerned systems of medicine and are fully financed by the Government of India. Their research activities have been reviewed to ensure that Councils undertake meaningful research under fixed parameters within specified period and disseminate research findings for the benefit of educationists, researchers, physicians, manufacturers and common man.

research programmes during the reporting period is reported hereunder: 4.2.1 Clinical Research Programme:

A. Ayurveda
Clinical conditions studied in Ayurveda during the reporting period include Tamaka Swasa (Bronchial asthma), Parinamasula (Duodenal ulcer), Grahani (Malabsorption syndrome), Arsha (Piles), Bhagandara (Fistula-in-ano), Kamala (Jaundice), Mutrasamari (Urolithiasis), Madhumeha (Diabetes mellitus), Vyanbalvaishamya (Hypertension), Medoroga (Obesity and lipid disorders), Pakshavadha (Hemiplegia), Pangu (Paraplegia), Gridhrasi (Sciatica), Amavata (Rheumatoid arthritis), Manodvega (Anxiety neurosis), Apasmara (Epilepsy), Manasmandata (Mental retardation), Timir Roga (Errors of refraction), Kitibha (Psoriasis), Visamajwara (Malaria) and Slipada (Filariasis).The hospital function under the provided medical aid to 2,92,346 patients out of which 1,20,771 were new patients and 1,71,575 old patients through Out Patient Departments and 1,751 patients at In-door Patient Departments functioning at different Institutes/Centres/Units of the Council. Outcome of clinical Research studies have been consolidated and the promising drugs/treatment have been identified for drug development .In this direction a new antidiarrhoeal formulation GVK compound has been launched for preliminary clinical screening and total 11 cases of Diarrhoea and Dysentery were carried out . 4.2.2 Automization of Panchakarma therapy instruments: Laboratory prototype of Shirodhara and sarwangadhara instrument is completed. This instrument was demonstrated in Arogya 2005 at

The Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha is an autonomous body under Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India set up for the formation, coordination, development and promotion of research on scientific lines in Ayurveda and Siddha. Its activities are carried out through its 38 institutes/centres/units located all over India and through a number of Units located in Universities/ Institutes/ Hospitals of Ayurveda and Siddha. The Council is also financing suitable research studies of Ayurveda, Siddha and allied sciences. The emphasis is on finding effective and low-cost remedies for various diseases through systematic research. Research activities of the Council include Clinical Research, Health Care Research, Drug Research, Literary Research and Family Welfare Research. Now the Council has also stepped into the field of Neutraceutical and Cosmaceutical research. The work carried out under different

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Pragati Maidan New Delhi for assessment and compliance of feedback from public. The laboratory prototype of atomized machine for Ksharasutra preparation and Vaspa Sweda(steam apparatus) is under progress in collaboration with Instruments and Design and Development Centre, IIT, New Delhi. 4.2.3 New Programme Projection: For the present clinical programme projection 40 diseases /condition have been finalized.The medicines have been formulated based on classical references, clinical experience and preliminary screening through Pilot studies.


Family Welfare Research Programme:

Clinical screening and Pharmacological studies of the oral contraceptive agents are being carried out under this programme. 169 new cases were studied, besides 474 old cases were carried forward from the previous year for clinical evaluation of oral and local contraceptive agents: Pippalyadi Yoga and Neem oil respectively. Under RCH Programme Balkasa, Balatisar, Bala Daurbalya and Shishuparicharya (Neonatal care) were carried out and a total 312 cases were studied. 4.2.7. Preparation of Monograph :

B. Siddha
4.2.4. Clinical Conditions studied under Siddha System of Medicine during the reporting period include Kalanjaga Padai (Psoriasis), Karappan(Skin diseases), Enumbu Murivu(Bone setting), Santhuvatha Soolai (Rheumatoid arthritis), Yanaikkal Noi (Filariasis), Venkuttam (Leucoderma) etc. The medical aid was provided to 47,032 patients out of which 14,008 were new patients and 33,024 old patients through Out Patient Departments and 485 patients at In-door Patient Departments at different Siddha Institutes /Units of the Council. 4.2.5. Tribal Health Care Research Programme: Under Health Care Research Programme, the Tribal Health Care Research is modulated to have rural bias so that benefits of the research programmes can reach to the grass-root level. Under this programme, team of research personnel visit each and every house in the selected/adopted villages/ tribal pockets and provide incidental medical aid, besides collecting data pertaining to frequency of prevalence diseases, food habits with regard to different seasons, socio-economic status, availability of natural resources, standard of living and the types of treatment available to the rural/ tribal folk. During the period under report a population of 25,871 individuals pertaining to 25 villages have been covered under this programme and incidental medical aid has been provided to 8,089 patients. 298

Beside the above clinical research work Institutes/ Centres/Units were engaged in preparing the monograph on previous research work carried out since inception on different research programme. 4.2.8 Drug Research Programme:

The Drug Research Programme consists of MedicoBotanical Survey, Cultivation of Medicinal Plants, Pharmacognostical, Pharmacological/Toxicological studies besides Drug Standardization Research Programme. Under Medico-Botanical Survey Programme over seven survey tours were conducted and 743 plant specimens, 164 raw drugs besides 107 museum samples were collected. The Survey Units have also taken up maintenance work of their Herbarium and Museum. About 378 medicinal plant species along with 15217 Guggulu plants are presently growing in different Medicinal Plants Gardens. 995.5 kg. of raw drugs (dry and fresh) were collected from the different gardens and supplied to different institutes for research purposes. Pharmacognostical studies on 23 drugs and Pharmacological and toxicological studies on 34 drugs used in Ayurveda and Siddha System of Medicine have been carried out during the reporting period. Under Drug Standardisation Research Programme Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical/TLC studies on 66 (Ayurveda – 48 and Siddha –18) single plant drugs were conducted. Analytical standards were laid down on 51formulation (26 Ayurveda & 25 Siddha).

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Beside this, 8 formulations selected and prepared for clinical trial have been standardized .Under the WHO biennium programme “Standardisation and Toxicity Studies of Ayurvedic Formulations”, five formulations have been prepared and their Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) and standardisation studies have been completed. Under the project “Feasibility of Introducing ISM at PHC Level” preparation and testing of 14 selected formulations is at final stage for development of Standard Operational Procedure (SOP) and Standards. The Council is also maintaining a Musk Deer Breeding Farm at Mehroori in Kumaon Hills and there are 20 animals at the end of reporting period. 4.2.9 Chemical Analysis and Toxicity:

research monographs have been published on clinical and drug research including seventh volume of the Database of Medicinal Plants used in Ayurveda. Some of the rare works that have been brought out under the scheme of the Department of AYUSH for acquisition, translation and publication of manuscripts/out of print books include Vaidyaka Samgraha, Vaidya Manorama, Siddha Kayakalpam, Agathiar Vaidya Vallathi, Sangamuni Vishta Vaidyam & Kanganan Kadai Kendom besides carrying out translation of Chikitsarnava, Rasa Manjusha, Yoga Sara and Basvarajeeyam. The Council is bringing out three journals namely “Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Siddha”, “Bulletin of Medico-Ethno-Botanical Research, and the “Bulletin of Indian Institute of History of Medicine” besides one “News Letter”. 4.2.11 Seminar, Conference & Workshop: During the reporting period, Council organsied a National Seminar on Integrated Medicine (Ayurveda & Siddha) - Scope and Challenges (WHO Bennium 2004-2005) was organized by the Council on 25 & 26 May 2005 at New Delhi. National workshop on parameter of standardization of ayurvedic drugs organized by RRI, Nagpur - in collaboration with the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagpur university on 23 and 24 July 2005 at Auditorium of Deptt. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagpur University Campus. Seminar on Manegement of Geriatic Disorder in Ayurvedic and Siddha on 19 and 20 September 2005 at Dr. A. Laxmipati Research Centre for Ayurveda, VHS,Chennai. National seminar on Modern vistas in standaradistion and GMP’s of ISM drugs on 7 July 2005 at Captain Srinivasa Murti Drug Research Institute for Ayurveda Arumbakkam, Chennai. The Council is also implementing the Golden Triangle Partenership Project of the Department.

Chemical Analysis and Toxicity studies of Drugs mentioned in the Article published in the Journal of American Medical Association, Vol.292 No.23, (Reprint), December 15, 2004.In view of adverse reports on heavy metal contents in 13 Ayurvedic Formulations published in Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), Vol.292, No.23 (Reprint), December 15, 2004 and subsequent reports published in Indian newspapers, the Department of AYUSH advised the Council to procure all the formulations from the Market and to take up chemical analysis (for heavy metals) and toxicity studies. Out of these drugs initially seven available drugs obtained from the market and tested for heavy metal contents viz. Mercury, Cadamium, Lead and Arsenic. The studies are under progress. These drugs also taken up for acute/sub-acute studies and found to be non-toxic in laboratory animals. 4.2.10 Literary Research Programme:

Literary Research Programme pursued mainly at the Indian Institute of History of Medicine, Hyderabad & the Literary Research Documentation Department (s) Central Research Institute (Siddha), Chennai broadly covers medico-historical studies, transcription/translation and publication of rare works/classical treatises and unpublished manuscripts pm Ayurveda and Siddha. Besides further continuing literary research in these areas



4.3.1 The Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine was established by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India as an 299

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autonomous organisation in the year 1979, to initiate, aid, develop and to co-ordinate scientific research in Unani System of Medicine. The Council is engaged in the multifaceted research activities in the field of Unani medicine. The Council’s research programme comprises clinical research, drug standardisation, survey and cultivation of medicinal plants and literary research. These research activities are being carried out through a network of 22 Institutes/Units functioning in different parts of the country. These include two Central Research Institutes of Unani Medicine - one each at Hyderabad and Lucknow, eight Regional Research Institutes of Unani Medicine - one each at Chennai, Bhadrak, Patna, Aligarh, Mumbai, Srinagar, Kolkata and New Delhi, six Clinical Research Units - one each at Allahabad, Bangalore, Karimganj, Meerut, Bhopal and Burhanpur, four Drug Standardisation Research Units - one each at New Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai and Lucknow, a Chemical Research Unit at Aligarh, a Literary Research Institute at New Delhi. During the reporting period new clinical studies were initiated in different diseases. Besides, ongoing trials also continued at different centres. In the drug standardisation research programme development of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for compound formulations continued. Development of agro techniques for domestication and cultivation of Unani medicinal plants was also continued. Programme-wise details are as follows; 4.3.2 Clinical Research Programme: Under the Clinical Research Programmes, therapeutic trials on 20 different diseases were continued at Council’s centres. Besides research studies on different clinical aspects including etiopathogenesis, symtomatology, prognosis and the line of treatment from Unani point of view and correlating with the modern concept was also taken up. New studies on Zeequn Nafas (Bronchial Asthma) in collaboration with Patel Chest Institute, New Delhi initiated. Besides, studies on other diseases such as Iltehab-e-Kabid (Infective Hepatitis), Qarah-e-Meda wa Asna-e-Ashari (Duodenal Ulcer), Nar-e-Farsi (Eczema) and Daus Sadaf (Psoriasis) also continued with allopathic 300

hospitals namely; Deccan Medical College, Hyderabad, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal. Studies on 54 classical Unani drugs for development of bioactive molecules continued in collaboration with CSIR under the MoU signed by the two organisations. In vivo/vitro studies conducted on these drugs showed very significant anti-cancerous, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory, anti-fungal and anti-bacterial effects as was revealed from the preliminary studies conducted at different laboratories under CSIR with 144 extracts from these drugs. Further studies are in progress. 4.3.3 Fundamental Research: Phase-II study on scientific interpretation of concept of Akhlat (Humour) and Mizaj (Temperament) and its association with the state of health and disease continued. Study on susceptibility of acquiring diseases such a Bars (Vitiligo), Iltehab-e-Tajaweefe-Anf (Sinusitis) and Ziabetus Sukkari (Diabetes Mellitus) continued in 1538 cases of different temperaments. A workshop on fundamental research to discuss the findings was also held during the reporting period. 4.3.4 Regimental Therapy Experimentation: Experimentation on Hajamat (Cupping) -a kind of regimental therapy-continued in musculoskeletal disorders including Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis at two centers of the Council. During the reporting period 40 subjects were treated. A workshop on regimental therapy with a view to developing SOPs for different forms of Unani regimental therapy was also held during the reporting period. 4.3.5 Research-Oriented Services: General O.P.D.

Research-oriented GOPD services continued at 13 centres of the Council. The main aim of this programme is to get research feedback among the cases attending the General OPD for common ailments and specialty clinic. During the reporting period, 50190 new cases of common ailments were treated at different centres of the Council.

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4.3.6 Gender Component : Under gender component treatment for diseases related to women such as; Sailan-ur-Raham (Leucorrhoea), Kasrat-e-Tams (Menorrhogea), Fakhruddam (Anaemia) continued at different centres. During the reporting period 21570 female patients were treated. Besides, specific studies on prevalence of anaemia in females were also conducted in the villages adopted under mobile programme. 4.3.7 Mobile Clinical Research Programme: Research-oriented mobile medicare programme continued in 10 adopted urban slums/rural pockets covering a total population of one lakh. During the reporting period 10140 patients were treated for different diseases through the Council’s mobile programme. 4.3.8 Drug Programme: Standardisation Research

manuscripts namely Qarabadeen-e-Qadri and Ilajul Amraz also continued. 4.3.10 Survey and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants Programme: Under the Survey and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants Programmes ethno-botanical explorations of different forest areas namely Hyderabad forest division (A.P.); Godavari forest division (A.P.) and Gulmarg (Jammu & Kashmir) were undertaken in these surveys 484 plant-specimens were collected. Besides, information on 46 folk medicinal claims was also collected. More than 295 herbarium sheets were prepared. Data was incorporated on 37 index cards. One hundred fifty kg of authentic raw drugs was collected in these surveys from different forest divisions. Experimental cultivation work on some medicinal plants such as Asgandh (Withania somnifera Dunal), Brahmi (Centella asiatica L. (Urban.), Ushba-e-Hindi (Hemidesmus indicus L. (R.Br.), Jadwar (Delphinium denudatum Wall), Kutki (Picrohiza kurroa Royle ex Benth.) Kalonji, (Nigella sativa) Arusa (Adhatoda vasica Nees.) and Gurmarbuti (Gymmema sylvester R. Br.) to observe growth and domestication also continued. Large scale cultivation of Atrilal (Ammi-majus Linn.) and Gulnar Farsi (Punica granatum Linn.) (Abortive variety), and Sambhalu (Vitex negundo L.), was also undertaken in the herb gardens of the Council at Aligarh, Lucknow and Chennai. New plant species were added to the nurseries of Unani medicinal plants developed at Regional Research Institutes of Unani Medicine, Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh), Srinagar (J&K), Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) and Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh). During the reporting period, over 200 species of Unani medicinal plants were maintained at different centres of the Council. About 160 species are being maintained in the Herb Garden at Lucknow. Ten species of medicinal plants used in Unani Medicine were also cultivated at field scale for use in manufacturing by the Council’s pharmacy . The Council has also taken up a programme of awareness and training on cultivation of plants 301

Under the Drug Standardisation Research Programme, standardisation work including Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical studies continued on 12 single drugs. Besides, development of SOPs on eight new compound drugs also continued. Toxicological evaluation on two drugs under clinical evaluation and chemical standardisation of 12 mineral origin drugs continued. 4.3.9 Literary Research Programme: Under the Literary Research Programme translation, editing and compilation of rare Unani books/manuscripts continued. During the reporting period, Urdu translation of Kitab-al-Hawi, Vol XIV completed and published whereas finalization of Vol. XV and XVI and XVII of this book also completed. Besides, translation of another manuscript Kitab al Makhtarat, Vol. I was also published. Edited version of an important manuscript Kitab-alFakhir Vol. I, part I & II was also published during the reporting period. Translation of two other

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through organizing farmers' meets in rural areas. Under this activity two farmers' meets at development block levels in Chennai and Hyderabad were organized. Some 200 farmers have been trained in the agro-technique and marketing of high-demand medicinal crops. 4.3.11 Morbidity Surveys in rural & tribal pockets: The Council is conducting morbidity surveys in the urban slums/village/tribal pockets under coverage of mobile clinical research programme. The objective of the survey is to identify the diseases prevalent in the area and undertaking specific studies for their management through Unani Medicines. Under this programme base line morbidity survey of three village pockets in Allahabad and one urban slum in Lucknow completed. Morbidity surveys at other centres are in progress. 4.3.12 Unani Treatment Centre and Speciality Clinic at Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi. The Council has been running a Unani OPD-cumspeciality clinic at Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital since January 1998. During the period, a total of 43789 patients were treated in the General OPD and specialty clinics. 4.3.13 Medical Relief Work : The Council deputed teams to undertake medical relief work during the epidemic of viral encephalitis at Maharajganj and Gorakhpur (U.P.). Preventive and prophylactic treatments were provided in six affected rural pockets. 4.3.14 Scientific Validation of Folk Claims: Work on scientific validation of four single drugs selected from the data on folk claims continued during the reporting period at Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Srinagar. 4.3.15 Collaborative Studies: The Council earlier has signed a Memorandum of 302

Understanding (MoU) with CSIR and NRDC. The MoU signed with CSIR for five years earlier has further been extended for the next five years. Recently an MoU was also signed with the CSIR's Regional Research Laboratory, Srinagar to undertake collaborative studies in the field of Chemistry and experimental cultivation of medicinal plants. Another MoU with Patel Chest Institute, New Delhi was also signed in the field of clinical research to undertake control trials on Bronchial Asthma. The study is in progress. 4.3.16 Patenting of Drugs: Application for patenting of a novel formulation for Rheumatoid Arthritis and a new Unani formulation for Gingivitis was filed during the reporting period. 4.3.17 Capital Work: Construction of the building (phase-I) for RRIUM, Srinagar completed during the reporting period. OPD blocks and laboratories started functioning. 4.3.18 During the current financial year, a budgetary allocation of Rs. 1150.00 Lakhs under plan schemes and Rs. 875.20 lakhs under NonPlan schemes was made by the Department of AYUSH.



The Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy is fully funded by Government of India and engaged in research in Homoeopathy in the country. The Council functions through a network of 40 Institutes and Units located in different parts of the country. These Institutes and Units are engaged in research in various aspects of Homoeopathy such as (i) Clinical Research, (ii) Drug Proving Research, (iii) Clinical Verification Research, (iv) Drug Standardization, and (v) Survey, Collection and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants. Thrust areas (Evidence-based Research) The Council has identified the following areas for

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conducting Evidence-based Homoeopathy : 1.



Clinical Verification Clinical Verification Research Programme aims at confirmation and determination of most reliable prescribing indications and effective potencies of Homoeopathic medicines, which have been proved by the Council under its Drug Proving Programme. At present clinical verification of 35 drugs is in progress. A total of 5147 cases were enrolled for study under different drugs upto October, 2005. Drug Proving Drug Proving or Homoeopathic Pathogenetic Trials (HPT) is one of the important activities of the Council. The Council has developed and adopted a protocol for HPT and also standardized the method of eliciting signs and symptoms observed during the proving of drugs. The data obtained during drug proving are subjected to clinical validation through verification studies before these are released for the use of the members of the profession. During the period under report, proving of three drugs (two short-term and one long-term proving) is in progress. Drug Standardization Drug Standardization involves a multidisciplinary approach encompassing pharmacognostic, pharmacological and physico-chemical studies in order to establish various qualitative characteristics of drugs used in Homoeopathy. During the period under report, the pharmacognostic studies of four drugs and physico-chemical studies of four drugs were determined. Studies on six other drugs are in progress. Compilation of data of physico-chemical studies of six drugs has been completed. 4.4.3 Survey, Collection and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants The unit at Udagamandalam (Ooty), Tamil Nadu conducts surveys, identifies, collects, and cultivates drugs used in Homoeopathy. It also supplies raw drug specimens to the Institutes/Units engaged in drug standardization studies. During the period under report, the Unit has collected five drugs for 303

Fundamental and Basic Research on mechanism of action of Homoeopathic Medicines Clinical trials on predefined protocols Double blind randomized controlled studies (In vitro) Collaborative studies with Centres of Excellence in Allied Sciences.

2. 3. 4.

The construction of building of Central Research Institute of Homoeopathy NOIDA started on 29.8.2005 by H.S.C.C. The Institute/Units functioning at New Delhi, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon and Bhopal will be merged to function as Central Research Institute (H) at Noida.


Clinical Research

Clinical trials of Homoeopathic medicines in 25 diseases have been in progress at 19 Research Institutes and Units. These are behavioral disorders, Bronchitis, Cervicitis and Cervical erosion, Communicable diseases including drug resistant Tuberculosis, Cervical Spondylosis, Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic foot including Neuropathy, Epilepsy, Geriatric disorders, Gastritis, Giardiasis, HIV/AIDS, Intermittent Fever, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Leprosy, Leucoderma, Osteoarthritis, Periodontitis, Pediatric Diarrhea, Scabies, Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, Renal calculi, Sickle cell anemia, Tropical Eosinophilia and Traumatic Arthritis. A total of 990 cases were enrolled under different clinical research studies, including HIV/AIDS upto October, 2005. Clinical Research in Tribal Areas Clinical trials of homoeopathic medicines in 13 diseases namely Cataract, Gastro-enteritis/ Cholera, Goitre, Jaundice, Marasmus, Menopausal syndrome, Hypertension, Intermittent Fever, Oral disorders, Para-nasal Sinusitis, Respiratory Infections, Scabies & Furunculosis and Sickle cell anemia were in progress at 11 clinical Research Units located in tribal areas in different parts of the country. A total of 552 cases were enrolled under different clinical studies upto October, 2005.

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Drug Standardisation studies.The Unit has a herbal research Garden wherein ten exotic plants have been cultivated and maintained. The Unit prepared 220 herbarium sheets. 4.4.4 Homoeopathic Research in North-Eastern States The Council has eight Clinical Research Units in the North-Eastern States located at Agartala (Tripura), Aizwal (Mizoram), Dimapur (Nagaland), Guwahati (Assam), and Imphal (Manipur), Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh), Shillong (Meghalaya) and Gangtok (Sikkim). Of these six Units are located in tribal areas and are engaged in drug related clinical research studies on the diseases prevalent in these areas and also provide medical care as a byway of research to the local population. A total of 18129 cases, including 162 research cases, suffering from various diseases, have been treated in the OPD upto October, 2005. 4.4.5 Council and Medicare

4.4.7 During current financial year 2005-06 Rs. 1100.00 lakhs under Plan and Rs. 490.00 lakhs under Non Plan have been allocated for the Council in the Budget.

4.5.1 Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy (CCRYN) is a society registered under the Societies Registration Act as an autonomous body under the Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health & F.W.. The basic objective of the Council is to conduct Scientific Research in the field of Yoga and Naturopathy. However, in the absence of any other Statutory Body to look after the Education & Training in these systems, the objectives were later amended to include Education, Training and Propagational aspects of these disciplines. 4.5.2 At present, the Council is finding NGOs for the following activities : (i) Clinical Research ; (ii) Treament-Cum-Propagation Centre; (iii) Patient Care Centre (10/5 Bedded); (iv) Literary Research / Translation / Publication Work (v) Seminar/ Workshop/ Conferences 4.5.3 The Council has also adopted following three new schemes for implementation: for development of drugs of national importance.
A. (i) (ii) B. C. National Award to eminent Yoga & Naturopathy Expert yearly. Patanjali Award (for Yoga expert ) Mahatma Gandhi Award (for Naturopathy expert) Best Research Paper/ Young Scientist Award Awarding Fellowship to Ph.D. students (maximum 5 students per year) Rs. 25,000/Rs. 25,000/Rs. 10,000/Yearly Rs. 6,000/per month

The Council is providing free Homoeopathic treatment to the general public through its O.P.D.s/ I.P.D.s in its Institutes and Units located all over the country. 1,90,823 cases suffering from different diseases, including 4125 new research cases, were treated during the period under report. 4.4.6 Workshop and Meetings/Visits by Foreign Delegates A training instrument is being developed by the Council with assistance of UCLA experts on Train the Trainer module.(Duration two years)

• To build capacity and skills among ISM practitioners and educators focusing on HIV prevention To demonstrate delivery of a model Programme which can be replicated throughout India.

4.5.4 The Council has been involved in carrying out research on various aspects of Yoga & Naturopathy by giving grants-in-aid to various institutions. At present the Council is financing 10 Research Schemes.


Newborns need special care during the first month

4.5.5 Through these research programmes carried out in the past, the Council could identify a number of diseases such as Amoebiasis, Anxiety Neurosis/ Depression, Arthritis, Allergic Skin Diseases, Bronchial Asthma, Constipation, Cervical Spondylosis, Diabetes, Gastritis, Hemiplegia, Hypertension, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Obesity, Peptic Ulcer, Respiratory Tract Infections etc. wherein these systems can play a good role in their management and cure. The research project which is in operation at Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital (IRCH), AIIMS on effect of Sudarshan Kriya and Pranayam on Cancer patients has shown a significant result in terms of increase in Natural Killer cells. The project on anti-oxidant system, carried out at Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS) has shown that Yogic practices could endow the trainees with a better anti-oxidant defence to withstand oxidative stress. Another project on Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) carried out at DIPAS, suggests that the unique userfriendly healthy lifestyle program is feasible, safe and compatible with other treatments in the setting of advanced coronary atherosclerosis with a high degree of compliance. A study carried out at Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Sansthana, Bangalore on “Computer related health problems” has clearly demonstrated the usefulness of Yoga intervention for computer related visual and musculo skeletal problems as also mental stress. The other projects of Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhan Sansthan, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, NIMHANS, JIPMER etc. are showing significant results in their respective subjects of study. 4.5.6 At present, the Treatment-Cum-Propagation Centre Scheme is operating in 19 centres. There are eight five-bed and 18 ten-bed Patient Care Centres operated at different places with the financial assistance of CCRYN. These schemes are aimed at strengthening the existing facilities of Yoga and Nature Cure at the centres as well as to propagate the principles, concepts & practices of these systems among the masses. 4.5.7 The Council also runs an OPD Counselling Centres at Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi and at

its Headquarters. The Council also runs Keep Fit Yoga Classes at Udyog Bhawan, New Delhi for Govt. employees. Moreover, a specialized OPD for Cardiac patients has also started at R.M.L. Hospital, New Delhi from November 2004. 4.5.8 The Council has spent Rs. 8.40 lacs on NorthEast States under various schemes upto September,2005. During the current financial year 2005-06 a sum of Rs. 200.00 lakhs under Plan and Rs. 70.00 lakhs under Non Plan have been provided for.



4.6.1 Delhi Development Authority has allotted around 11.0 acres of land near Appollo Hospital at Sarita Vihar, New Delhi for establishment of All India Institute of Ayurveda. The foundation stone laying ceremony was performed by the Hon’ble Vice-President of India, Shri Bhairon Singh Shekhawat on 14 February 2004. 4.6.2 The Institute will have focus on research and development in Ayurveda and impart teachers' training in the first phase. The Expenditure Finance committee (EFC) in its meeting held on 3.10.2005 under the Chairpersonship of Secretary (Exp.) considered and approved the establishment of the institute in principle.



4.7.1 In addition to intra-mural research conducted by the Central Research Councils, the Department of AYUSH has been implementing the Scheme for Extra Mural Research in AYUSH since the year 1998. The objectives of the revised Scheme are:• • to develop evidence-based support on the efficacy of AYUSH drugs and therapies; to undertake research in the preventive and promotive aspects of AYUSH practices and therapies; 305

Opt for hospital delivery for safety of Mother & Baby

to generate data on safety standardization and quality control for AYUSH products and practices; to promote research on fundamental principles of AYUSH; to facilitate the validation of relevant and promising practices and skills of traditional health practitioners for public benefit; to retrieve and revive the rare classical literature and to conduct research on the historical aspects of AYUSH.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Rasayana (Rejuvenators/Immunomodulators) for healthy ageing. Joint disorders Memory disorders Menopausal syndrome Bronchial allergy Fertility & infertility Cardiac disorders (Cardio-protective & anti-atherosclerotic) Sleep disorder Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

• •

4.7.2 Under the Scheme, financial assistance is provided to accredited research organizations for undertaking special research projects. The Scheme aims at utilizing the potential of eminent research institutions in the country and supplementing the research needs under AYUSH. Research through this Scheme will supplement the research work being done by the existing research councils under the Department. Under the Scheme, financial assistance is provided to AYUSH & Medical Colleges, University Departments, Research Institutions, both in public and private sectors.

10. Vision disorders 11. Urolithiasis & Benign Hypertrophy (BPH) 12. Malaria/Filaria/Leishmaniasis 13. Diabetes mellitus 14. Standardization and Safety & toxicity studies of metallic bhasmas and mineral based formulations including Kupipakwa Rasayanas. Out of the above fourteen areas for research, five disease conditions, namely Urolithiasis & BPH, Sleep disorders, Rasayana, Joint disorders and Cardiac disorders/atherosclerosis have been identified as top priority areas to be taken up in the first phase for proposed R&D of Ayurvedic products. The objective of the scheme is planned to be achieved in a mission mode within a period of five years. The drug development programme for each identified area will be implemented in following ways : 1. 2. Identification of gaps in diseases and drugs. Brainstorming session(s) on each disease condition to identify formulations, strengths & weaknesses and corrective measures. Prostatic

4.7.3. Golden Triangle Partnership concept is aimed to set up an integrated technology mission for the development of Ayurveda and traditional medical knowledge based on synchronized working of modern medicine, traditional medicine and science with a special budgetary support. Under this scheme, three organizations Department of AYUSH/ CCRAS, CSIR & ICMR would work together to undertake scientific validation and development of safe, effective and standardized classical Ayurvedic products for the identified disease conditions and to develop new Ayurvedic and herbal products effective in disease conditions of national/global importance. The objectives of the programme inter-alia include utilization of appropriate technologies to develop single and poly-herbalmineral products, which have Intellectual Property Rights potential. The following areas have been identified: 306

Give Polio drops regardless of religion or caste

3. a. b.

R&D in identified formulations/drugs with Standardization, quality patenting & IPR issue. control,


Publicity & awareness strategies to take the product to masses.

Identification of institutions and investigators for carrying out safety and toxicity evaluation of identified formulations. Identification of centres and investigators for limited clinical evaluation. Evaluation of safety and efficacy data Preparation of dossiers of effective formulations Interaction with the Industry for manufacturing of selected formulations. Operational research of the selected products for implementation into health system.

c. d. 4. 5. 6.

The Department of AYUSH is the nodal partner to implement the GTP scheme with jointly shared responsibilities from CCRAS, CSIR and ICMR. Rs. 35 crores are budgeted for this purpose for the remaining two years of the 10th Plan, out of which Rs. 15.00 crore in 2005-06 and Rs. 20.00 crore in 2006-07. CSIR apart from extending use of their laboratories & scientists would contribute corresponding amount of funds. ICMR being under the purview of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare would provide all logistic support in conducting clinical studies. To meet the expenditure incurred in implementing the programme, an amount of Rs. 5.00 crore has been sanctioned to the coordination partner– the CCRAS.

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Increasing the availability of Raw Material

Chapter 5

5.1.1 Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) use various raw materials such as medicinal plants, materials of marine and animal origin, minerals, metals etc. However, medicinal plants constitute 80% of the raw materials. The effectiveness of these systems mainly depends upon the use of genuine raw materials. According to the report of the World Health Organization, over 80% of the world population relies on the traditional systems of medicine, largely plant based, to meet their primary health care needs. According to another report of the Export Import Bank of India, the value of the medicinal plants related trade in India is of the order of 5.5 billion U.S. dollars and is growing rapidly. The international market of herbal products is estimated to be US $ dollar 62 billion and poised to grow further. 5.1.2 The forests and wastelands have been the traditional source of medicinal herbs and plants over the centuries. This position cannot be sustained much further because, on the one hand the area under forests has been steadily shrinking and, on the other, the requirement of medicinal plants and herbs has increased steeply. This has resulted in over exploitation of medicinal plants in the forests and there is a marked decline in the availability of quality raw material used in the manufacture of medicines and allied products. Some medicinal plants have already reached the endangered status and are facing a threat of extinction. One indication of the scarcity of some medicinal plants is their ever rising price. The Ministry of Environment and Forests has already recommended a ban on 29 endangered species of medicinal plants. Difficulties encountered in

accessing quality raw material have given rise to a very unhealthy practice of replacing the prescribed medicinal plants for use in drugs through adulteration or substitution. This not only reduces the efficacy of the drugs but can also have adverse impact on their safety.



The National Medicinal Plants Board has been set up as a follow-up of recommendations of the Task Force on conservation and sustainable utilization of medicinal plants by Planning Commission, vide Cabinet Resolution notified on 24th November, 2000. The apex body of the Board is headed by Union Health & Family Welfare Minister. The main objective of establishing the Board is to have an agency at National level which would be responsible to co-ordinate all matters relating to development of medicinal plants including drawing up policies and strategies for conservation, proper harvesting, cost-effective cultivation and marketing etc. of raw material in order to protect, sustain and develop this sector.

In order to address various issues and problems of the medicinal plants sector, the Board has identified important areas for development of the sector and formulated schemes for financial support.These are:

Promotional Scheme:
• • • • Survey and Inventorization of medicinal plants In-situ conservation and ex-situ cultivation of medicinal plants. Production of Quality Planting Material. Extension activities – Information, education and communication

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Study of demand supply position and marketing of medicinal plants for domestic and global market. Research & Development in medicinal plants sector. Promote co-operative efforts among growers and collectors of medicinal plants. Value addition and semi-processing of products of medicinal plants. Undertake/assist or encourage scientific technological and economic research on medicinal plants. Production and assured supply of quality planting material in bulk. Area expansion for selected species and cultivation on more than 2 Ha. land area. Value addition – for developing proper harvesting techniques, semi-processing of produces viz. Collection, grading, drying, storage, packing etc.

• • • •

27 States and 5 UTs, namely in Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Buhar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Daman & Diu, Gujarat, Goa, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

The 12th meeting of Standing Finance Committee (SFC) was held on 27.04.2005 under the Chairmanship of Secretary (AYUSH) to consider and approve the Agenda items of the fourth meeting of National Medicinal Plants Board. i) ii) iii) iv) v) Increased participation of State/UTs Smooth flow of assistance to beneficiaries under the schemes of the Board. Assessment of demand & supply position regarding medicinal plants. Setting up Medicinal Plants processing zones in the country and Setting of Herbal Garden in Schools to familiarize children with medicinal herbs and their uses.

Commercial Schemes :
• • •

A) Promotional Schemes – For projects related to technology transfer and in-situ/ ex-situ conservation a financial assistance of Rs. 10 lacs/year with a maximum assistance of Rs. 30.00 lacs, for R&D projects, maximum assistance of Rs. 25.00 lacs and for training/workshops/ seminars a maximum assistance of Rs. 2.00 lacs for State level, Rs. 5.00 lacs for National level and Rs. 10.00 for International level seminar/workshop Contractual Farming Scheme - Financial assistance in the form of grant-in-aid is available @ 30 % of the project cost, subject to a maximum of Rs. 9.00 lacs per project under Contractual Farming Scheme of the Board.

The fourth Meeting of National Medicinal Plants Board was held on 2 May 2005 under the chairmanship of Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare at Niman Bhawan, New Delhi. The following items have been approved by the Board. 1. To consider ex-post facto approval of projects sanctioned by the National Medicinal Plants Board during 2003-04, 2004-05 under Promotional & Commercial Schemes. Strengthening of National Medicinal Plants Board/State Medicinal Plants Board and also to review the list of prioritized species of medicinal plants for development under schemes of NMPB. The Board approved the constitution of a Technical Committee



5.2.3 STATE MEDICINAL PLANTS BOARD (SMPB) At the initiative of National Medicinal Plants Board, so far thirty Two (32) SMPBs have been set up in 310

Timely immunization must for all children

under the Chairmanship of Chief Executive Officer, NMPB. The Board meeting also reviewed the Technical Committees for re-constitution viz. A. B. C. D. E. Committee on medicinal plants. cultivation of

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Conservation of medicinal plants covering an area 10323 Ha. of land – 23 projects. IEC (Training, Workshops and Seminars) – 26 Projects. Research & Development (R&D) – 18 projects Value addition and market information service – 03 projects Survey & Inventorization – 1 project

Committee on Research Committee on Demand & Supply Committee on IPR Committee on Import/Export.

The Chairman of the Board (HFM) also observed that the Board should identify at least 10 Schools in every District by rotation and provide financial assistance at the rate of Rs. 10,000/= per schools for making herbal garden in each schools to familiarize children about medicinal plants and their uses.

5.2.7 Main Species covered Promotional schemes are :


5.2.5 Projects under Contractual Farming/ Promotional Schemes :
The Two Project Screening Committee (PSC) meetings were held on 26/05/2005 and 6/09/2005 under the Chairmanship of Dr. P.L. Gautam, ViceChancellor, G.B. Pant University, Pant Nagar & Dr. Mangla Rai, D.G., ICAR & Secretary, DARE respectively. More than 1939 projects of Contractual Faming and 322 of Promotional Projects were placed. The SFC on the recommendation of PSC approved 520 projects of Contractual Farming and 96 Projects of Promotional Schemes amounting to Rs. 1337.48 and Rs. 1088.50 lacs respectively in their meetings held on 6 July 2005 and 29 September 2005 covering about 10,656 Ha. of land. The main species covered under Contractual Farming were Amla, Senna, Isabgol, Sarpagandha, Pacholi, Satawar, Safed Musli, Gudmar, Giloe, Atees, Kuth, Kutki, Kesar, Brahmi, Lemon grass, Kalihari, Ashwagandha, etc.

Amla, Gudmar, Golie, Tulsi, Ashwagandha, Aloe, Ashok, Guggal, Atees, Patharchur, Sarpagandha, Kuth, Kutki, Coleus, Kalmegh, Kalihari, Viavidang, Kesar, Chandan, Kokum, Brahmi, Isabgol, Senna, Jatamansi, Chirata, Taxus, Stevia, Harr, Bahera, Neem, Vanila, Bel Pippali, Seabuckthorn etc.

5.2.8 Monitoring & Evaluation of Projects : Two projects, one each to Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM), Bhopal and Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education (ICFRE), Dehradun have been sanctioned by the Board for monitoring and evaluation of impact of the projects sanctioned by the Board. 5.2.9 The NMPB has established a Herbal Garden as well as Tactile garden at Rashtrapati Bhawan in which about 140 species have been established in collaboration with NBRI, Lucknow for general public awareness. 5.2.10 The Medicinal Plants Board is engaged in finalizing reports on agro-techniques for cultivation of medicinal plants developed under the projects sanctioned to various scientific organizations under the schemes viz. Central Scheme for development of agro-techniques and cultivation of medicinal plants implemented by Department of AYUSH. Reports on agro-techniques of about 50 plants have been finalized for further processing and publications. 311

5.2.6 Main Thrust Areas under Promotional Schemes :
1. Production of Quality Planting Material (QPM) 79.00 lacs – 9 projects.

At least 3 check-ups must for pregnant women before delivery


Standardisation and Quality Control of ISM & H Drugs
6.1.1 Laying down the Pharmacopoeial standards for Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani medicine both for single and compound drugs is an essential item of work. The Ministry had taken up the task of developing pharmacopoeial standards through Pharmacopoeia Committees. Pharmacopoeial standards are important and are mandatory for the implementation of the drug testing provisions under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules thereunder. These standards are also essential to check samples of drugs available in the market for their safety and efficacy. 6.1.2 Four different Pharmacopoeia Committees are working for preparing official formularies/ pharmacopoeias to evolve uniform standards in preparation of drugs of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy and to prescribe working standards for single drugs as well as compound formulations. 6.1.3 The Department of AYUSH launched a Central Scheme to develop Standard Operating Procedure of manufacturing process to develop pharmacopoeial standards and shelf life studies of Ayurveda, Siddha & Unani Compound drugs under 10th Five Year Plan.

Chapter 6

The Reconstituted Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee meeting was held on 4 and 5 April 2005 under the Chairpersonship of Miss S. Satakopan. The following major decisions were taken:(1) To develop Pharmacopoeial monographs on plant extracts used in Ayurvedic drugs: A meeting of Experts Group of APC members and representative pharmaceutical Companies was held on 6 October 2005 in Library of IRCS Building New Delhi. It was decided to develop pharmacopoeial monographs on the extracts of 50 drugs used in Ayurveda/Siddha/Unani medicines. (2) Constitution of working group on Bhasma: A meeting of Working Group on Bhasma ( APC) was held on 21 & 22 July 2005 at Bharti Vidyapeeth Deemed University at Pune relating to standardisation of bhasmas of minerals and metals used in the ASU formulations. (3) Ayurvedic portion of 30 single drugs was placed in the meeting for approval after recommendations of earlier single drugs Subcommittee of APC. (4) Ninety-three formulations were placed in the meeting for their approved after recommendations of earlier formulary Subcommittee of APC. (5) The shelf life of Ayurveda product of various group of medicines was discussed and approved it was referred to ASUDTAB for their approval. (6) Out of 31 Draft formulations, 22 formulations were approved by the Formulary Subcommittee of APC. Sl. No. Name of the formulations
1. 2. 3. Sasilekha Vati (Yoga Ratnakar, Kustha Cikitsa) Nastapuspantaka Rasa (Bhaisajya Ratnavali) Laksmanarista Roga) (Bhaisajya Ratnavali, Pradara



6.2.1. First Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Committee (APC) was constituted in the year 1962 and the present Committee is 10th in its series. The four sub-committees consisting of multi-disciplinary experts, scientists in the filed of Botany, Chemistry renowned Vaidyas and teachers of Ayurveda are working for preparing official Ayurvedic Formulary of India and Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India to develop Pharmacopoeial standards of Ayurvedic formulations and standards of single drugs used in the formulations.

Adopt DOTS if test confirms T.B.


4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

Krsnadi Anjana (Cakradutta, Apasmara Cikitsa) Visaladi Curna (Cakradutta, Pandu Roga Cikitsa) Yogaraja Rasayana (Cakradutta, Pandu Roga Cikitsa) Phala Trikadi Kovatha (Cakaradutta, Pandu Roga Cikitsa) Vidanga Taila (Cakradutta, Krimiroga Cikitsa) Mustakadi Kasaya (Cakradutta, Krimiroga Cikitsa) Manadya Gutika (Cakradutta, Plihayakradroga) Trikatvadi Curna (Brihannighantu Ratnakara, Ksaya) Sunthyadi Curna (Brihannighantu Ratnakara, Aruci) Alambusadi Curna (Brihannighantu Ratnakara, Amavata) Parpatadi Kvatha (Brihannighantu Ratnakara, Pittajvara) Abhrakadi Vati (Brihannighantu Ratnakara Sarvaja Sangrahini) Svasakalesvara Rasa (Brihannighantu Ratnakara, Svasakarma vipaka) Kiratadi Kvatha (Brihannighantu Ratnakara, Vatajvara) Guducyadi Kvatha (Brihannighantu Ratnakara, Vatajvara) Bhunimbadi Kvatha (Brihannighantu Ratnakara, Pittajvara) Sodasanga Curna (Yoga Cintamani) Ajirnahari Vati (Yoga Ratnakara, Ajirna Cikitsa) Dantyadi Gutika (Yoga Ratnakara, Gulma Cikitsa)

laboratories namely : ITRC Lucknow; CSMDRIA, Chennai were selected to estimate heavy metal, pesticide residue, microbial load etc. in raw material used in Ayurveda/Siddha/Unani drugs. Jammu laboratory was also selected for chemoprofiling and Bio-efficacy evaluation of Ayurvedic /Herbal drugs and formulations pretreated with Gamma Radiation for microbial decontamination. Rs. 29.79 lakh was released to these laboratories as the first instalment under central scheme of APC with the allocation of 103 single drugs for ITRC, Lucknow & 100 single drugs for CSMDIRA, Chennai and 20 single drugs to R.R.L. Jammu. 6.3.2 Project Evaluation Committee meeting was held on 13 & 15 July 2005 in which progress of work of 12 Laboratories was evaluated. Preliminary progress of work of four laboratories was also examined. 6.3.3 The Screening Committee of APC scheme was held on 28.9.05 under the chairpersonship of Secretary.(AYUSH) in which recommendation of PEC meeting was considered and Rs. 67.85 lakhs was recommended to release the grant-in-aid to eight laboratories in this current financial year.

6.4.1 The Unani Pharmacopoeia Committee (UPC) was constituted on 2 March 1964 for preparing official/National Formulary of Unani Medicine (NFUM) and Unani Pharmacopoeia to maintain the Pharmacopoeial standards of Unani Medicines. The term of the Unani Pharmacopoeia Committee is for a period of three years from the date of its first meeting. The Chairman of the committee has the power to co-opt one or two experts from outside if desired. The functions of the Pharmacopoeia Committee are as under : 1. 2. To prepare pharmacopoeial standards of Unani drugs. To lay down principles and standards for the preparation of Unani drugs.

Thirty monographs on single drugs of four laboratories namely CRI, kolkata; GAU, Jamnagar; RRIUM, Aligarh and ITRC, Lucknow were placed before the Botany/Chemistry Sub-committee of APC for discussion and approved. Out of these, 10 monographs were finalized.

6.3.1 A meeting of Screening Committee of APC Scheme was held on 17.01.05 under the Chairmanship of Secy.(AYUSH) in which two 314

Leprosy in completely curable with M.D.T.

3. 4.

To lay down tests of identify, quality, purity and Such other matters as are identical and necessary for preparation of Unani Pharmacopoeia. Published National Formulary of Unani Medicine (NFUM) Part-I, consisting of 441 compound Unani Formulations in English and Urdu language. Published NFUM Part-II and Part-III consisting of 202 and 103 compound Unani Formulations in English language. NFUM Part –IV consisting of 166 compound Unani formulations in English language is under publication. Published Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (UPI) Part-I Vol.I, consisting of 45 monographs of single drugs. Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (UPI) Part-I Vol.II, consisting of 50 monographs of single drugs is in printing process. Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (UPI) Part -I Vol. III consisting of 55 monographs of single drug is also in process of printing.

(iii) The compilation and publication of Siddha formulary - Part-II. 6.5.2 The Siddha Pharmacopoeia Committee has approved standards for 70 compound drugs and 80 single drugs of plant origin. The remaining work has been assigned to different laboratories under the APC Scheme.

6.4.2 Achievements of UPC :

6.6.1 The Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Committee (HPC) was constituted in September 1962 on the recommendation s of the Homoeopathic Advisory Committee and Homoeopathic Sub-Committee of the drugs Technical Advisory Board on the question of control of Homoeopathic drugs under Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules 1945. The sources of Homoeopathic drugs are mostly of natural origin viz. Vegetables, plants, animals, minerals, chemicals, Nosodes, Sarcodes etc. For this purpose, the committee has experts from the Chemistry besides manufacturers of Homoeopathic medicine and eminent Homoeopaths as well as officials who are concerned with the work of testing and research in drugs. The term of the Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Committee was initiallly for three years which was extended from time to time. The Committee was last reconstituted in January 2004 for a term of three years. The Chairman of the Committee has powers to form Sub-committee whenever required and co-opt experts from outside on Sub-committee.








6.5.1 The Siddha Pharmacopoeia Committee was contituted for the first time in 1975 and subsequently it was constituted in regular intervals with following terms of reference: (1) To prepare draft Pharmacopoeia of Siddha drugs; (ii) To lay down standards of single drugs for the preparation of Siddha drugs; (iii) To lay down tests of identity, quality and purity; and (iv) Such other matters as are incidental and necessary for the preparation of Siddha drugs. Priorties for the Committee are as under : (i) Standards of single drugs mentioned in the Siddha formulary of India Part – 1

6.6.2 The functions of the Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Committee(HPC):
(i) To prepare draft Pharmacopoeia of Homoeopathic drugs whose therapeutic usefulness have been proved on the lines of the American, German, and British Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia.

(ii) To lay down principles and standards for the preparation of Homoeopathic drugs. (iii) To lay down test of identity, purity and

(ii) Standards of compound formulations mentioned in Siddha formulary Part – 1

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such matters as are Incidental and necessary for the preparation of a Homoeopathy Pharmacopoeia. (iv) To prepare Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical Codex.

6.6.3 Achievements of the H.P.C.
The Homoeopathic drugs are available in the market in mother tincture and in potency. The priority of the HPC is to fix standards upto the level of mother tincture or equivalent i.e. of the raw materials and method of preparation. From 1962 onwards the Committee has finalised and recommended standards for Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India containing 916 Monographs and 100 monographs in Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical Codex. Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical Codex Vol. I comprises of 100 monographs has been published and is available in outlets of Kitab Mahal. 82nd and 83rd Meetings of Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Committee were held on 1 March 2005 and 2 August 2005 respectively. Eighteen Monographs have been approved for inclusion in 9 Volume of HPI. It is proposed to hold two more meetings of HPC in the year 2005-2006.

Meeting of Sub-Committee of DTAB on Homoeopathy is held on 19th October 2005. On the recommendation of Sub-Committee of DTAB on Homoeopathy A draft notification of G.M.P. (Good Manufacturing Practices on Homoeopathy has been released by amending Schedule M-I of Drugs and Cosmetics Rules1945.



6.7.1 The Laboratory was established in the year 1970 as Standard Setting-cum-Drug-Testing Laboratory for Indian Medicine (Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha System) at the National level. Indian Systems of Medicine (ISM) are covered under the purview of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940. The worked out standards, in the form of monographs are published by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare for Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha Pharmacopoeia of India. The First, Second, Third and Fourth Volume of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-I, containing 80, 78, 100 and 69 monographs respectively on single drugs have already been published. 6.7.2 The Laboratory has developed T.L.C. profile for 23 single drugs of plant origin. The Laboratory is maintaining a Herbal Garden of Medicinal Plants used in Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha medicines, representing trees, shrubs, climbers and herbs. During the period 100 medicinal plants were introduced in the garden. 6.7.3 The Laboratory is also engaged in sale of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part-I, Vol.-I, II, III & IV and Ayurvedic Formulary of India, Part-I & II. 6.7.4 During the year the Laboratory has tested 117 drugs samples referred by courts and official soures. 6.7.5 The Laboratory participated in “Arogya2005” and displayed the photographs of medicinal plants, scientific charts, crude drugs specimens and living medicinal plant saplings of Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha medicines etc.

6.6.4 Enforcement of Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India (HPI).
Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India (Vol. I to Vol. VIII) have become official in terms of the Drugs & Cosmetics Act,1945 and Rules thereunder.The properties of the HPC is to lay down the standards of Raw material/ Mother tincture and publication of Homoeopathy Code.


Sub-Committee Homoeopathy:




Sub-Committee of DTAB was initially constituted in December 1997 to consider the issue relating to Homoeopathy.The Sub-Committee was last reconstituted on 10 December 2003 for a term of three years. Till date six meetings of the SubCommittee of DTAB on Homoeopathy has been held. During the period 2004-2005 two meetings has already been held. The 6th Meeting of Suubcommittee was held on 25 August 2004. The 7th 316

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6.7.6 During the year two Orientation Lecture Programmes for Drug Inspectors/Drug Analysts have been organized. 6.7.7 The laboratory has been maintaining a museum and Herbarium of crude drugs of animal, mineral and plant origin of Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha medicines procured from various sources. There are more than 4100 crude drugs maintained as per their classical description for display and reference standards. During the year 25 crude drug samples were added to Museum for display and reference standards. 6.7.8 During the current financial year (2005-06), a budget provision of Rs. 27 lakhs under plan and Rs. 57 lakhs under non-plan has been made.

6.8.2 Besides the work pertaining to Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India, the laboratory has undertaken the work relating to preparation of Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical Codex of Homoeopathic Medicines. Monographs pertaining to the codex include details of important chemical active principles / constituents, details pertaining to pharmacological and toxicological aspects and their uses in brief. The laboratory has published Vol. I of the Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical Codex, containing 100 monographs. 6.8.3 Few important publications brought out by the laboratory worth mentioning are (i) A Guide to Important Medical Plants Used in Homoeopathy, Vol. I; (ii) A Guide to Important Medicinal Plants Used in Homoeopathy, Vol. II; (iii) A Photographic Album on Medicinal Plants Used in Homoeopathy, Vol. I & Vol. II; (iv) A Compendium of Active Principles / Phytochemicals of Medicinal Plants used in Homoeopathy, Vol. I. 6.8.4 During the year 2004 – 2005, the laboratory has achieved following targets: 1. The laboratory prepared 14 monographs for incorporation in the Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical Codex / Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India. The monographs included standards for identity of such drugs in addition to important active chemical principles found in their raw drugs for detailed analysis of drugs & data of physiological activity wherever needed. Testing done on 791 samples of Homoeopathic medicines for identity & quality of drugs. The laboratory organized two orientation programmes for All India Drug Control Authorities, Pharmacists, Drug Analysts & Lecturers of Homoeopathic Pharmacy from Homoeopathic Medical Colleges. It maintained a small herbarium & museum of medicinal plants and an experimental garden of medicinal plants for the purpose of verification & comparative studies of standards & 317



6.8.1 Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory, Ghaziabad was set up as a national laboratory for the purpose of laying down standards and testing for identity, purity and quality of Homoeopathic Medicines and is recognized as scientific & technological institution by the Department of Science & Technology. For maintenance of quality of Homoeopathic drugs, important provisions for enforcement of standards for identity and quality of such medicines are made under Rule 2 dd, 106 A and 106 B of the Drugs & Cosmetics Act 1940. Homoeopathic medicines are defined in the SECOND SCHEDULE of the Drugs & Cosmetic Act, 1940. The laboratory is also assigned functions of Central Drug Laboratory for testing of Homoeopathic medicines under Rule 3A of the Drugs & Cosmetics Act. Standards worked out by the laboratory are published by the Government of India, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in the form of Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India (HPI). So far eight volumes of Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India, consisting of standards for 916 drugs have been published. Eleven states have authorized Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory through separate notifications as approved authority for testing of Homoeopathic drugs for their states.




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orientation in identity of such plants to drug analysts & persons in the profession. The laboratory on the average maintained 85 plants in the year, which included some rare & very important exotic medicinal plant. In the year 200506, HPL maintained 200 medicinal plants. 5. The laboratory also imparted orientation in Homoeopathic Pharmacy to students of Homoeopathic Medical Colleges from different parts of India. In the year, laboratory imparted orientation to Homoeopathic Pharmacy to students of 22 Homoeopathic Colleges. Maintained a Seed bank of important exotic medicinal plants. In addition, the laboratory maintained a small medicinal plant garden. Plants grown are used for testing to State Drug Inspectors, Pharmacists, Teachers and Students of Homoeopathic Medical Colleges.

related Deptts. Of State Governments and other institutions viz. Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Tripura, West Bengal, Haryana, Uttaranchal, Goverment of NCT of Delhi, Union Territories of Lakshadweep & Pondichery and ESI etc. and also in the open market. 6.9.3 The company’s target for sales for 2005-06 is fixed at Rs. 800 lacs. During 2004-05, the company has achieved a record sale of Rs. 622.00 lacs against target of Rs.600.00 lacs. 6.9.4 The Company has been certified as following Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) for production of Ayurveda and Unani drugs and is under process for acquiring ISO: 9001-2000 certification.


A Drug Control cell (AYUSH) is working in the Department to deal with the matters pertaining to licensing and regulation of Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha Drugs. The Cell is also implementing the following schemes;

6.8.5 During the current financial year (20052006), allocations of Rs. 25.00 lakhs under plan and Rs. 58.80 lakhs under non-plan have been made.



The Centrally Sponsored Scheme for quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy drugs was implemented in 9th Plan and continued in 10th plan with the objective of strengthening/ establishing of the infrastructure of Drug Testing Laboratories and Pharmacies of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy drugs owned by the State Government. Twenty-three State Drug Testing Laboratories and 41 State Pharmacies have been assisted so far. The financial allocation of Rs.55.4 crores has been made so far. The Scheme has been revised during the 10th plan and renamed as Drug quality control of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy Drugs. Scheme has following components namely:6.11.1 (a) Centrally sponsored scheme for strengthening and establishing of Drug testing

6.9.1 Indian Medicines Pharmaceutical Corporation Ltd. is a Central Public Sector Undertaking under the administrative control of Department of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare having Registered Office & Factory at Mohan, Distt. Almora (a notified backward area) Uttaranchal. The company was incorporated in July 1978 and started its commercial production in June 1983. IMPCL is a mini- Ratna PSU company. 6.9.2 The primary objective of the Company is to manufacture & supply authentic quality Ayurvedic & Unani products. The supply is being made mainly for use in Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS), Government Hospitals, Dispensaries and various Research Councils in the field of AYUSH etc. The company is also selling its products to certain 318

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laboratories (DTLs) for Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathic Drugs of the State Government/ U.Ts. (b) Scheme for strengthening and establishing of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homeopathic Pharmacies of the state Governments/U.Ts for quality Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy drugs. (c) S t r e n g t h e n i n g of state Drug C o n t r o l l e r s of ASU&H Enforcement Mechanism. (d) Scheme for assistance to Ayurveda, Siddha & Unani (ASU) drug Manufacturing units to improve their infrastructure to meet Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)Schedule “T” requirement.

of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940. Schedule “T”-GMP in manufacturing units and Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act. (b) To train/re-orient the Inspectors for carrying out proper inspection, record keeping, collection of survey/statutory samples for manufacturing units and to document and computerize the record of licenses issued etc. 6.11.3 Under this scheme, State Governments are expected to redeploy one of the in-service officers of ISM exclusively as Drug Controller (Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy drugs) and Drug Inspector of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy drugs. The number of Drug Inspectors will depend on the number of manufacturing units in the State. There should be one Drug Inspector of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy drugs up to 500 manufacturing units. One state that is Uttaranchal has been assisted to strengthen the infrastructure and an amount of Rs.7.34 lakh had been released as grant-in-aid till September 2005. 6.11.4 Scheme for assisting Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs manufacturing units to meet the requirement of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) - Schedule “T”:

(a) To strengthen/establishment of Ayurveda, Unani & Homoeopathic state Drug Testing Laboratories/Pharmacies for Quality control and quality assurance to meet the requirements of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and rules thereunder and also to meet Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) requirements under Schedule “T”. (b) To strengthen/establishment of drug manufacturing units of Ayurveda, Siddha Unani & Homoeopathy run by the Government/ U.Ts/assistance to improve their infrastructure to meet Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) requirements. This is aimed at producing good quality medicines.

To encourage the Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani manufactures to get Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) certificate after complying with the Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) requirements so that they can manufacture quality products for sale in the domestic and international market. The scheme provides one time grant equal to 1/ 5th of investment made by Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani drug manufacturing units subject to maximum of Rs.5.00 lakhs for setting up in-house laboratory and quality control facilities in Pharmacies in terms of building and machinery. 319

6.11.2 Strengthening of State Drug Controller of ISM&H enforcement mechanism for quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy drugs in the states.

To augment a separate office of state Drug Controller of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy drugs/Licensing Authorities to help them to undertake the following functions: (a) To ensure the implementation of the provisions

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Four Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs manufacturing units have been assisted and an amount of Rs17.40 lakh was released as grant-inaid during the year 2005-2006.

medicines and (iii) Poshak/Muauaffi/ Formulation, Saundarya Prasadhana/ Husena Afza products. 2.
Sl. No. 1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

The meeting of Ayurveda Siddha Unani Drugs Technical Advisory Board was held on 21-6-2005 under chairmanship of Dr. S.P. Aggrawal, DGHS Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi. The following important decisions were taken by the Board:1. Mentioning of shelf life/expiry date of Ayurveda Siddha and Unani medicine have been approved. Pharmaceutical Aids, preservatives, excipients, colouring agents etc. for ASU Drugs have been approved. Guidelines for clinical trials of ASU Drugs for categories of patent or proprietary Drugs have been approved. Four categories of ASU P&P Drugs and Licensing condition have been approved. Central Licensing for ASU Drugs under Drugs and Cosmetics Rules have been approved for necessary amendment accordingly.

The GMP status indicated by the States is as under:State Gujarat Orissa Karnataka Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan Delhi Maharashtra Himachal Pradesh Kerala No. of GMP Compliant Units 294 23 136 1825 20 60 500 57 700




The prefix & suffix to the classical/generic names of ASU drugs should not be allowed patent and proprietary ASU drugs. Sixteen private drug testing Laboratories have been approved under the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules for Testing of ASU Drugs.


4. 5.

6.14 First expert committee meeting to prepare guidelines for State Licensing Authorities for Licensing ASU Classical & patent proprietary was held on 23-8-2005. The following major decisions were taken:1. ASU drugs containing poisonous ingredients of Schedule E-1 should be allowed to be sold on the prescription of qualified registered practitioner. If needed Schedule E-1 should be amended. Manufacturing date and expiry date should be mentioned on the label. If the ingredients are of toxic nature its method of detoxification (Shodhan Marana) should be clearly indicated by the applicant and SOP should be followed strictly. Medicine with toxic ingredient should have small consumer packing/strip packing of 10 pills/tablets with la bold caution-to-be used



Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani (ASU) Drugs consultative committee meeting was held on 198-2005 . This meeting was attended by Drug Controller General of India and State drug licensing Authorities of ASU drugs. The meeting discussed status position of enforcement mechanism of ASU drugs in various states. 1. Three categories of medicines were discussed namely (i) Classical ASU Medicines, (ii) Pantent or Proprietary ASU

2. 3.



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under the strict supervision of a Registered Medical Practitioner (RMP). 5. Dosage form of the medicine containing toxic ingredient should be as per specific dose i.e. 30/60-mg/125mg tablet. Regional Officers of DCG (1) may also get random sample of A.S.U. Drugs for information from time to time. For Patent or Proprietary ASU formulations Committee was of the view to have detailed guidelines on (i) Classical ASU Medicines, (ii) Patent or Proprietary ASU medicines and (iii) Poshak/Muauaffi/Formulation, Saundarya Prasadhana/ Husena Afza products.

10.10.2005, 13.10.2005 and 14.10.2005 respectively to ensure Quality Control of ASU Drugs:(i) Displaying on the label of the container or package of an Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs, the true list of all ingredients (official and botanical names) used in the manufacture of the preparation together with the quantity of each of the ingredients incorporated therein has been made mandatory.



Department of AYUSH has issued following three Orders No. K.11020/5/97-DCC (AYUSH) dated

(ii) Directing all the State ASU Drug Licensing Authority to take action against the defaulting ASU Drug manufacturers for failure to comply with the Good Manufacturing Practices notified under Schedule ‘T’ of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945. (iii) Making testing for heavy metals, viz., Arsenic, Lead, Mercury and Cadmium have been made mandatory for export purposes w.e.f. 1st January, 2006.

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Information, Education and Communication

Chapter 7

systems. The Seminars / workshops cover various subjects under AYUSH including medicinal plants.

With a view to creating awareness among the general people about the efficacy and efficiency of the AYUSH systems of medicine, their cost effectiveness and the availability of the herbs used for prevention and treatment of common ailments, the Department of AYUSH has implemented an Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Scheme by utilising various media channels including audio-visual education material as also activities organized through NGOs at block level and health Melas.





Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have been involved to promote the strengths of AYUSH systems and motivate the practitioners of AYUSH systems to practice the particular system of the ISM&H in which they are registered by organizing training workshops. Health Melas are organized to create awareness among the general public about the efficacy and cost effectiveness of the ISM&H drugs and easy availability of herbs and plants commonly available at home like Tulsi, Haldi, Neem etc. and growing techniques of medicinal plants etc. Community awareness meetings in cooperation with Mahila Mandals, Yuvak Sanghs, farmers cooperatives etc. already existing at the village level are also organized through NGOs. Yoga classes are conducted in schools under the Scheme. During the year 2005-06, Rs.230 lakhs have been provided in the Plan Budget for this NGOs' Scheme. Grantin-aid has been released covering 75 blocks during the financial year. The Department also helps to organize Seminars and Workshops in AYUSH

(a) Education & Communication: In order to disseminate information in a comprehensive manner, the Department redesigned the newsletter of the Department and published 10 th issue of the newsletter, “Ayush”, bilingually. The newsletter has been widely distributed amongst all Departments of the Government of India, NGOs and also distributed in Arogya 2005 at New Delhi and Hyderabad. The Department also published Calendar for 2006 conveying information about all the six recognized systems propagated by the Department. The Department has also produced four short films on Siddha, Unani, Homoeopathy and Naturopathy. The Siddha film has been dubbed in Tamil also. The schemes of the Department have also been published and its copies distributed. Seven audio spots on various systems under the Department were broadcast over Indraprastha Channel of All India Radio.



7.4.1 The Department has participated in various other Melas organized by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and other organizations all over the country through its research councils and other institutions. 323

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7.4.2 AROGYA 2005 FAIR Arogya at Chennai
The Department organized “AROGYA Chennai 2005” at the ITPC Convention Centre, Chennai from 7-9 January 2005. The Mela was inaugurated by the Governor of Tamil Nadu on 7.1.2005 in the presence of Hon’ble HFM and Hon’ble MoS. More than 50 stalls were set up by the drug manufacturers of AYUSH systems. All the Councils, institutions, autonomous bodies under the Department participated in the Fair. Patients were given free consultation by the experts of AYUSH systems of medicine. The average attendance was about 700 patients per day. Large number of people visited the fair during the three days.

Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss, Minister for Health and Family Welfare going round the Arogya 2005 stalls.

Arogya at New Delhi
Like previous years, the Department of AYUSH organised its fifth in series Arogya 2005, an exhibition on AYUSH systems in cooperation with

Minister for Health & Family Welfare Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss, Minister of State for Health & Family Welfare Mrs. Panabaka Lakshmi at the inauguration of Arogya 2005 in New Delhi.

India Trade Promotion Organisation at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi from 23 to 27 September 2005. 324

A view of the Department of AYUSH pavilion at Arogya 2005 held in New Delhi from 23 to 27 September 2005.

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A view of Panel discussion held at Arogya 2005 in New Delhi

More than 100 manufacturers of drugs, equipments and book sellers participated in the fair. The added feature of Arogya 2005, included participation from 13 States this year, as against 10 last year. Useful material on educational facilities for ISM& H available in their States as also rich bio-diversity and availability of medicinal plants in the States were displayed. More than 2.75 lakhs people visited the fair. Lectures by eminent experts and free medical checkup by physicians of each system and sale of AYUSH products were other attractions. The Department participated through its four Research Councils, two National laboratories and four National Institutes.

7.4.3 Arogya at Hyderabad
After the grand success of Arogya at New Delhi, the Department also organised Arogya at Hyderabad from 11 to 13 November 2005. The Arogya at Hyderabad was organised in cooperation with FICCI. Research Councils under this Department and National institutes as also local stakeholders, drug manufacturers participated in the fair by displaying their products/achievements in the field of research in AYUSH sector.

Display of medicinal plants at the Arogya 2005.


A view of a Yoga camp at the Arogya 2005 fair held in New Delhi.

7.5.1 The Department of AYUSH has introduced a Central Sector Scheme “Incentives to AYUSH Industries for participation in fairs” with the objective to encourage AYUSH drug manufacturers to participate in fairs organized to create awareness among the masses about AYUSH sector in India and abroad. The scheme provides for reimbursement of participation charges limited to 25% of the cost of participation subject to a limit of Rs. 1 lakh in case of international fair and Rs. 50,000 for national fair to the GMP certified industry. In the current year Rs. 1.87 lakhs have been released to five AYUSH drug industries participating in international and national level fairs 325

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and Rs.5.93 lakh are recommended to 17 Drugs Industries as incentive.

Sl. Name of the No. Institution 1 2 3 NIUM,Bangalore Tilak Ayurveda MahaVidayalaya, Pune Dr. Achanta Laxmipati Library on Ayurveda, Vijayawada. Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval History of Medicine and Science, Aligarh. Literary Research and Documentation Department of CRI for Siddha, Chennai Director, Commissionerate of Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy, Government of Tamil Nadu Registrar, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi. Registrar, Jamia Hamdard,

Details of Work Done 1 Text Book on Unani 1 Text Book on Ayurveda 1 Text book/ Manuscript on Ayurveda 14 manuscripts

7.6.1 The scheme aims to prepare and publish good quality text books written by highly experienced teachers of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani colleges and also supports acquiring, preserving and publishing of manuscripts and out of print books, which are still beyond the reach of students, teachers and research scholars of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani. 7.6.2 Proposals for Text Book Publication received from various Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani Colleges under the scheme. The amount of Rs. 24.70 lakhs has been released during the year 2005-2006 upto October 2005 to the following ISM institutes/ colleges to publish the manuscripts on Unani, Ayurveda and Siddha medicine and for the text book also as per the CCIM Syllabus by eminent experts.



Three text books


Two books/ manuscripts

7 8

Text book Balance amount

New Delhi, Centre for released History of Medicine & Science, Rs.10,05,172-/ Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi. only


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International Cooperation

Chapter 8

8.1 The Government of India has been striving hard for promotion and propagation of Indian Systems of Medicine abroad. The efforts have got added momentum after the establishment of a separate Department of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy in 1995. The Department also organized Presentation-cum-Exhibitions in various countries to increase awareness about the Indian Systems of Medicine in those countries. In recent years, many initiatives have been taken to popularize Indian Systems of Medicine, particularly, Ayurveda in foreign countries.

Exchange of medicinal plant experts to undertake surveys etc.



Nine students from countries like U.K., Turkey, Australia, Japan, Portugal, Sweden and Lithuania had joined three months’ introductory course in Ayurveda at GAU, Jamnagar. 300 theory and practical classes were organised for them. A training workshop for 12 students from Argentina was conducted in Kayachikitsa, Basic Principles, Rasashastra, etc. by Gujarat Ayurveda University, Jamnagar. Four students from Great Britain underwent clinical training in Ayurveda at GAU,Jamnagar.

8.4.1 The Department has been implementing a scheme since the Ninth Plan known as “Scheme for Exchange Programme/Seminars/Workshops” with the objective to promote and develop Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy(AYUSH); increased involvement of professional/researchers for dissemination of the proven results of Research and Development in the field of AYUSH and thereby promoting the culture of R&D in the Indian Systems of Medicine beside propagating the systems by establishing their efficacy abroad. 8.4.2 With the phenomenal increase in the popularity of our systems, demands for teachers for running courses in Ayurveda teaching, etc. have been received from some countries. In order to meet the demand of these countries, the above scheme has been expanded to include a second component viz. Scheme for training/ Fellowship / Exposure Visit/Upgradation. Institutions/Bodies eligible for assistance: (1) Department of AYUSH, (2) Autonomous bodies functioning under the Department of AYUSH (3) Central/State Government institutions involved in the promotion of the cause of AYUSH, (4) Reputed NGOs and individuals (Indian and foreign) involved in the dissemination of proven results of AYUSH, promotion and development of AYUSH and having at least three years experience in the field. 327



The foreign organisations or bodies, etc., can • Share information on natural drugs formulation published in official Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeias of AYUSH drugs. Exchange strategies and Indian experience on quality control and regulation & manufacturing technology of Ayurvedic medicines. Educational programmes to train foreign students in India.

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The Scheme has now the following two components: (a) Assistance for Exchange Programme / Seminars / Conference / Workshops on Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy. (b) Scheme for Training/ Fellowship/Exposure Visit/ Upgradation The details of the two components are as follows: Operation of the first component of the Scheme: The component is being implemented in the following manner: (i) In the form of deputing and receiving delegations/individuals i.e. experts / teachers/ students/researchers etc.


(i) One expert each in Ayurveda, Siddha and Yoga participated in India Show in Prague (Czech Republic) held from 17to20 February 2005.

(ii) The Indian delegation participated in the First International Congress on Complementary and Alternative Medicines held at Singapore from 26 to 28 February 2005. The delegation met the Minister of State for Health, Mr. Balaji and advocated the cause of providing recognition to Indian Traditional Medicine, specially Ayurveda. (iii) The Hon’ble Minister of State delivered the keynote address as well as remarks at the closing ceremony of the first International Conference on Women’s Health & Asian Traditional Medicine(WHAT) organized in Kuala Lumpur from 23 to 25 August 2005. (iv) Chief Executive Officer, National Medicinal Plants Board attended the 9th India Philippines Joint Working Group (JWG) meeting on 1-2 September 2005.

(ii) Holding of international/national/regional level seminars /conferences/ workshops or sponsoring the same by providing financial assistance. (iii) Providing assistance for setting up of Ayurveda/Siddha/Unani/Yoga therapy centres for demonstration purpose in foreign countries. Proposal for Grant-in-aid received from eligible organizations are screened by a Screening Committee headed by Joint Secretary (AYUSH). 8.4.4 Second component of the scheme: Scheme for Training/ Fellowship/ Exposure Visit / Upgradation Objectives: to meet the demands for teachers for running courses in Ayurveda teaching, etc. The scheme is being implemented in the form of deputation of teachers of Indian systems of medicine to foreign countries; deputation of experts on training to foreign countries and award of fellowship. Proposals for Grant-in-aid received from eligible organizations are screened by a Screening Committee headed by Secretary (AYUSH). 328


Visit to India by Foreign Delegations:
A delegation from the Italian Government Committee for Social Affairs of the Chamber of Deputies visited India on 27 and 28 February for having an insight into the management of Ayurveda and other systems of Traditional Medicine in India.

(ii) Mr. Hon Changon, Ambassador of DPR Korea met me on 13 July 2005 and discussed matters relating to cooperation between the two countries in traditional medicine. (iii) A four-member Thai delegation had visited the National Medicinal Plants Board on 30.9.2005. A presentation on the activities of the Board was made to

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the delegation. They evinced keen interest in the activities of the Board with a view to exploring areas of collaboration between the two countries. A fourMember Thai Delegation also visited India under International Exchange Programme on Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy (AYUSH) from 21 to 28 September 2005 in New Delhi and Jaipur. (iv) Dr. K.K. Dwivedi, Counsellor, S&T, Embassy of India in Washington, USA met

Secretary (AYUSH) and other senior officers of the Department on 30 December 2004 to discuss the steps to be taken for promotion of Ayurveda in the USA and also for deputation of Ayurveda experts for giving lectures of 10 to 12 hours duration on Ayurveda in about 12 Medical Schools in the USA. Secretary (AYUSH) assured him full cooperation from the Department within the framework of the Schemes under implementation.

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Mainstreaming AYUSH in National Health Care
9.1.1 The National Health Policy of 1983 and also the National Policy on ISM&H -2002 envisage integration of AYUSH with the modern system of medicine. Mainstreaming of AYUSH is the core strategy envisaged under National Rural Health Mission with an objective to improve outreach and quality of health delivery in rural areas. The objective of the integration of AYUSH in the health care infrastructure is to re-inforce the existing public health care delivery system, with the use of natural, safe and friendly remedies, which are time tested, accessible and affordable. 9.1.2 The Department of AYUSH has proposed the incorporation of AYUSH practitioners at Primary Health Centres. The training modules I and II for Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) have been prepared to incorporate information of AYUSH component. The Departmental Officers participated as resource persons in the Training of Master Trainers of ASHA from the States. The guidelines to include AYUSH practitioners at all levels in the NRHM including State Health Mission, District Mission, and Rogi Kalyan Samitis have been issued. Indian Public Health Standards for AYUSH facilities in Sub-centres, PHCs and CHCs have been finalized and forwarded to Department of Health and Family Welfare for incorporation in the relevant document. It is also proposed to have total functional integration between the AYUSH dispensaries/ hospitals and the health care facilities under the Allopathic system so that that the entire spectrum of treatments is made available to the rural poor at affordable costs. 9.1.3 It has also been decided to provide AYUSH facilities in PHCs and CHCs. Initially emphasis of integration would be given to single doctor PHCs and two CHCs per district. The relevant Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Department is being meaningfully utilized to support the integration

Chapter 9

initiative of States to establish AYUSH facilities in allopathic set-ups. A proposal is under consideration to expand the ambit of the scheme in a manner as could facilitate mainstreaming of AYUSH services, particularly in EAG and North Eastern States, where AYUSH infrastructure is inadequate.



9.2.1. Our systems of medicine and their practices are well accepted by the Community and have their own areas of strength. Medicines are easily available and prepared from locally available resources, economical, and comparatively safe from side effects. Because of this fact, the Central Government Health Scheme, introduced in 1954 with only Allopathic dispensaries has introduced AYUSH component in its net work. 9.2.2. Establishment of ISM & H dispensaries in CGHS
Sl.No. System of Medicine 1. 2. 3. 4. Ayurveda Homoeopathy Unani Siddha Year 1964 1967-68 1974-75 1980-81

9.2.3 Effectiveness of these systems in certain diseases in which there is no or less efficacious treatment in Allopathic System has generated a demand for more such facilities in different parts of the country and at present the following facilities are available in CGHS
Sl. No. 1. 2 3 4 5 System of Medicine Homoeopathy Ayurveda Unani Siddha Yoga No. of dispensaries/units 33 36 10 03 04

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9.2.4 A Central Sector Scheme to provide funds for establishing Ayurveda, Homoeopathy, Unani and Siddha dispensaries and Yoga units is being implemented with a total outlay of Rs.700 lakhs for the 10th Plan. Under this scheme a sum of B.E. Rs.100.00 lakhs had been provided for the financial year to establish three Ayurveda, three Homoeopathic and one Siddha dispensaries. 9.2.5 Funds shall be provided to Director, CGHS and these dispensaries shall be opened in the premises of existing CGHS Allopathic dispensaries. The locations identified for establishing the AYUSH dispensaries during the current year are :
Ayurveda Homoeopathy Siddha Unani Chennai, Kanpur, Delhi and Chandigarh Chandigarh, Bhopal and Jabalpur Chennai Bhopal

dispensaries. Its sub-schemes are as under: i. Establishment of AYUSH poly-clinic with regimental therapy of Unani system, Panchkarma and Kshar-Sutra therapies of yoga and Naturopathy (22.00 Lakhs) Establishment of specialty clinics of AYUSH (10.00 Lakhs) Setting up of AYUSH wing in government District Allopathic hospitals (35.00 Lakhs) Supply of essential drugs in rural and backward area dispensaries of AYUSH and identified villages (Rs-25,000/Dispensary)

ii. iii. iv.

During the year 2005-06 upto 11/2005, proposals of 7615 dispensaries in different States were approved with grant of Rs. 1903.75 Lakhs.



(A) Setting Up of Specialized Therapy Centres of AYUSH: During the year 2005-2006, the following proposals have so far been approved with a grant of Rs.572 Lakhs. (i) Government of Andhra Pradesh ( 2 Specialised Therapy Centres) (22

9.3.1. Specialized Clinics, one each in Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathy in the OPD of the two Central Government Hospitals in Delhi viz., Safdarjung Hospital (Ayurveda & Homoeopathy) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital continued to render services. These clinics are being run on experimental basis by the three research councils viz., CCRAS, CCRH and CCRUM. These clinics are attended by a large number of patients especially of chronic diseases. 9.4 CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME (HOSPITAL AND DISPENSARIES) Objective of the scheme is to improve the drug supply position in rural dispensaries and if considered necessary to encourage setting up of general and specialized treatment centres of AYUSH in the allopathic hospitals and to supplement the efforts of State governments for ensuring proper supply and stocking of essential AYUSH drugs to 332

(ii) Government of Chattisgarh Specialized Therapy Centres)

(iii) Government of Kerala (2 Specialized Therapy Centres) (B) Setting up of ISM & H Specialty Clinics The following proposals have been approved with a grant of Rs. 2470.0 lakhs (i) Government of Andhra Pradesh (31 Specialty Clinics

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(ii) Government of Chhatisgarh (42 Specialty Clinics) (iii) Government of Kerala (1 Specialty Clinic) (iv) Government of Nagaland ( 19 Speciality Clinics) (v) Government of Tamil Nadu (135 Speciality Clinics)

(vi) Government of West Bengal (1 Specialty Clinic) (C) Setting Up of AYUSH Wings in District Allopathic Hospitals The following proposals have been approved with a grant of Rs. 2170 Lakhs. (i) Government of Andhra Pradesh (20 Wings)

Ark Pudina, Ark Ajawain, Punarnnavadi Mandoora and Ayushghutti. The Unani drugs are Hubbe Khabsul Hadeed, Majoon-e-Suhag Sonth, Raughan-eLaboob Saba, Ark pudina and Ark ajawain. M/s HSCC (India) Ltd., a public sector undertaking have supplied these drugs. Since these drugs are being supplied for the first time, a training programme for training the ANMs, PHC doctors and District Health Officers in use of these drugs has also been given by National Institute of Health & Family Welfare. Nine States have reported about the utilization and demand of the drugs.



(ii) Government of Chattisgarh (10 Wings) (iii) Government of Karnataka (1 Wing) (iv) Government of Nagaland ( 3 Wings) (v) Government of Tamil Nadu (13 wings) (vi) Government of Meghalaya (3 wings) (vii) Government of West Bengal (4 wings) (viii) Government of Uttaranchal (8 wings)



Seven Ayurvedic and five Unani drugs have been supplied to nine States and four cities, respectively as part of the ongoing National Reproductive Child Health (RCH) programme. Department of AYUSH has identified these drugs keeping in view their utility for treatment of common ailments of pregnant women and children. The nine States covered under this programme are Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala. The four cities selected for the supply of five Unani drugs are Delhi, Aligarh, Lucknow and Hyderabad. The Ayurvedic drugs are Soubhagya Sunthi, Ksheerbala Taila, Bal Rasayan,

A survey had been assigned to ICMR, New Delhi, with the main objective to collect the information on availability of facilities in the hospitals and dispensaries under AYUSH and also the extent of utilisation of these services in treatment of the diseases by the population alongwith the various problems being faced in utilisation of AYUSH Systems and also problems being faced by the AYUSH practitioners in practicing these systems. The information has been collected from the selected hospitals/dispensaries, practitioners under AYUSH, patients attending the dispensaries under AYUSH and also from households in rural/urban sectors in the selected 35 districts (19 States) on sample basis. The report of the survey has been finalised and submitted to the Department. As per the report, for 35 districts as a whole, ISM&H was preferred by one third of the surveyed households (33,666) in case of normal ailments and by about 18% in case of serious ailments. Further about 14% of sick persons as a whole, availed ISM&H systems for treatment of their illnesses.



A Survey had been assigned to the Institute for Research in Medical Statistics, ICMR, New Delhi. Under this survey, all AYUSH Dispensaries/Units under CGHS located outside Delhi have been 333

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covered. In Delhi 10 Dispensaries out of 31 were selected on sample basis for coverage. The information on level of acceptability and nonacceptability of AYUSH has been collected from the patients attending the CGHS dispensaries and also the details on the problems being faced by them in the utilisation of services and reasons for nonutilisation of AYUSH services have also been

collected. The study also covered the patients (Outdoor and Indoor) from the teaching hospitals attached to AYUSH Medical Colleges located in the fifteen cities where AYUSH CGHS dispensaries are located to study the comparative acceptance pattern. The draft report of the study has already been submitted to the Department of AYUSH. The field work of the survey and analysis of data have been completed.


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Information Technology

Chapter 10

10.1 The Department has upgraded its web site http://indianmedicine.nic.in with rich user friendly information gateway on Ayurveda, Homoeopathy, Unani, Siddha, Yoga & Naturopathy. The site gives information in detail on the colleges, research being carried at various places, the Acts, Rules and Regulation operated by the Department, various schemes, thrust areas, policies etc. The Department has also encouraged the subordinate offices, autonomous bodies, institutes and regulatory Councils to host their own sites with information on their activities, achievements, publications etc. All these sites are now hyperlinked with the departmental site. Important domain addresses are : i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. Central Council of Homoeopathy: www.cchindia.com Central Council of Indian Medicine: www.ccimindia.org. Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha: www.ccras.com Central Council for Research Homoeopathy: www.ccrhindia.org in

at public functions/Melas etc was also developed by the Department. This was shown during the Arogya 2003, 2004 and 2005 at Pragati Maidan, which attracted good public attention. The web site of the Department is being regularly updated.

10.2.1. Since time immemorial, India has a rich traditional knowledge of ways and means practiced to treat diseases afflicting its people.This knowledge has generally been passed down by word of mouth from generation to generation. Some of them have been described in ancient classical and other literature, often inaccessible to the common man. A number of foreign countries are evincing interest in our plants and medicinal use described in ancient texts and treatises. A number of such medicinal uses of plants are being patented by others claiming as innovation. 10.2.2. Documentation of this existing knowledge, available in public domain, on various traditional systems of medicine has become imperative to safeguard the sovereignty of this traditional knowledge and to protect them from being misused in patenting on non-patentable inventions. Though this knowledge is in public domain, the Patent Office does not have a mechanism to access this information to deny patenting rights. It is impossible to obtain patents for all such medicinal uses. It is also extremely costly and time consuming to fight patents granted to others. Thus, bringing such knowledge in easily accessible format to forestall wrongful patents was thought out to be a way out. 10.2.3. The TKDL is an original proprietary database, which is fully protected under national and international laws of Intellectual Property Rights. The CSIR, DSIR, Department of AYUSH are the joint owners of the TKDL database. At the 335

Central Council for Unani Medicine: www.unanimedicine.org Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy: www.ccryn.com

vii. National Institute of Homoeopathy: www.nih.nic.in viii. Pharmacopoeia www.hplism.org ix. x. Laboratory:

Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory: www.hplism.org National Institute of Naturopathy: www.punenin.com

10.1.2 A user friendly information programme on AYUSH through a touch screen format for display

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core of the project is the innovative approach in the form of Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification (TKRC) that enables conversion of 1,40,000 pages of information, containing 36,000 formulations described in 14 texts of Ayurveda, into patent compatible format in various languages viz. translation of Sanskrit slokas into not only Hindi but also English, French, German, Spanish, Japanese. TKDL, based on a novel way of decodification software, allows automatic conversion of information from Sanskrit into various languages. The information includes names of plants, Ayurvedic description of diseases under their modern names and therapeutic formulations, etc. 10.2.4. The target users of the TKDL database are primarily the Patent examiner(s) in national and regional International Patent offices worldwide, International Search authorities (ISAs) under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) of World Intellectual property Organization (WIPO).

Ayurveda. Approximately 66000 formulations have been identified, 46,000 formulations have been transcribed and 13200 formulations have been scanned from the original texts.

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) database on Yoga will serve the objectives of not only protecting the documented knowledge from biopiracy, but also for its use for study of combinatorial therapy with Ayurveda & Unani system which could be used for positive protection of such knowledge. Eight important books which contain the bulk of Yogic Kriyas and Asanas have been identified to start the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) work on Yoga. Draft Task Force report and Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification (TKRC) on Yoga has been completed and has been sent to the Task Force members and other Yoga experts.

During the current year, the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (Ayurveda) 2 nd phase has been initiated. Approximately 65,000 formulations will be taken up from 45 selected Ayurvedic books, out of which 23,000 will be transcribed after excluding the duplicate references. The activity on identification of the formulations has been initiated. So far more than 34000 formulation have been identified from the Ayurveda texts and they have been checked for the duplicates. Transcription of 25000 formulations has been completed from 14 texts out of the targetted 45 texts.

10.2.8 TKDL (SIDDHA)
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) Task Force (Siddha system of medicine) have identified eight text books of Siddha systems of medicines for digitalization. The work on Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification has been completed. The transcription of Siddha formulations has been initiated. TKDL Siddha targets 10,000 formulations from 45 Tamil texts. The work has been started in the month of September 2005.

The Right to Informaction Act, 2005 has been implemented in the Department of AYUSH w.e.f. 12.10.2005. The requisite information on all the manuals as required under Section 4(1) (b) of the Act has been deisplayed at the web site of the Department and is also being published. A list of officers who have been appointed as Deputy Information Officers and Information Officers has also been displayed at the web site.

TKDL work on Unani Medicine is in progress. The transcription of target 77000 formulations which are in Urdu, Arabic and Persian languages from 42 Unani books is being carried out in the patient application format and in languages as has been done for TKDL 336

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Gender Issues

Chapter 11

11.1The Department of AYUSH established for the promotion and propagation of Ayurveda, YogaNaturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy has been striving to achieve health for all without gender bias by popularizing the above systems. Department has been implementing various Centrally Sponsored and Central Sector Schemes, which benefit women and children as well. Meanwhile, different Research Councils under the aegis of the Department have assigned specific research activities focusing on Women Health Care. As a result of such researchs, seven Ayurvedic and Unani medicines have also been introduced in the National Reproductive and Child Health Programme of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for the exclusive benefit of the women and children.

time. The history of its efficacy in health care is as old as civilization. Women play an important role in passing on local health traditions and indigenous medicinal knowledge from generation to generation and have faith in Indian systems of medicine. They also outnumber men as far as use of Ayurveda, Unani & Siddha systems of medicine is concerned. Department of AYUSH has put forward many Schemes with a view to making available the benefits of Ayurveda, YogaNaturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy to the rural masses.

THE SPECIFIC SCHEMES INCLUDE1. Encouragement of setting up of general and specialized treatment centers of AYUSH in all the Allopathic Hospitals. The objective is to build bridges across the medical systems and to provide the same platform to all the systems of medicine. Provide the General and Specialized therapies of ISM. Monitoring of the prescribed rules and regulation of these hospital with standard parameter. Regulation of drugs supplied in these hospitals. Assistance for ISM Polyclinic with Regimental Therapy, Panchakarma, Yoga classes and Naturopathy measures. Establishment of specialty Clinic: In this STREE ROGA – PPRASUTI VIBHAGA (department) is dealt exclusively for women health care. In this way Department of AYUSH certainly takes an active role to retard national woman mortality rate. Plan of Ayurveda Garden which deals with medicinal plants under Herbo-medical department. 337

(i) Development of Institutions: At present more than 400 colleges for the undergraduate and post graduate level exist under the department of AYUSH. The Department attaches priority to help maintain standards of education. Efforts were made to strengthen the existing national institutes set up to establish patterns of teaching and clinical practices of different systems. The Department continued to emphasise the need to prevent growth of sub-standard colleges and sought active involvement of the regulatory Councils and State Governments to achieve this. Graduate and Post-Graduate colleges and National Institutes of AYUSH have 30-40% women students and these systems are providing ample opportunities to women for realizing their own potential as well as serving the society.

2. 3.

4. 5.


ii) Hospitals and Dispensaries: It is an established fact that efficiency and potency of the Indian systems of medicine stand proved over a long


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Promotion of Medical tourism with the aim to maintain health of a healthy person of either sex. At the same time this scheme also details the main traditional Indian ways including Diet, Deeds, Daily Regimen and Seasonal Regimen for healthy life style. Setting up of AYUSH in all the Primary Health Centres (PHCs), District Health Centres (DHCs) at unit, project, wing or in a department level with the aim to provide health in each corner of the nation.


04 cities (Delhi, Aligarh, Lucknow and Hyderabad) respectively as part of the ongoing National Reproductive Child Health (RCH) programme by the Department of AYUSH. At the same time Department of AYUSH has also trained the ANMs and PHC amd Districh Health Officers to use the Ayurvedic and Unani drugs for this RCH programme (iii) Awareness Programme: Department of AYUSH has been implementing Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Scheme for the various therapies under AYUSH for1. Creating awareness amongst the general masses especially women and children about the efficacy of the therapies. The cost effectiveness and the availability of the herbs used for prevention and treatment of common aliments.

10. Scheme for establishment of demonstrative AYUSH dispensaries for remote area of the nation with special attention to reduce the mortality rate especially of women. 11. Scheme for providing funds for establishing AYUSH dispensaries and Yoga units for the benefit of patients of either sex are being implemented during the 10th Plan. Under this Scheme a sum of Rs. 130 lakhs is provisioned for the current financial year to establish three Ayurveda, three Homeopathic and one Siddha dispensaries. Funds shall be provided to the Director, CGHS and these dispensaries shall be opened in the premises of existing CGHS Allopathic dispensaries. For implementation of such schemes many programmes like the centrally sponsored schemes were recast by the Central Government to encourage setting up of general and specialized treatment centers of AYUSH. This also supports the efforts of State Governments to improve the supply position of essential drugs in dispensaries situated in remote areas. A pilot project for collaboration between the Department of Family Welfare and CCRAS is being implemented in Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu to find out the effects of Ayurved and Siddha medicines under Reproductive Child Health Programme. Seven Ayurvedic and five Unani drugs have been supplied to nine States (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala) and 338


For implementation of this scheme, grant is given to NGOs which inter-alia associates mahila Mandals and Women help groups for organizing community awareness meetings, health camps, health melas and Yoga classes to promote strengths of AYUSH systems. Messages of these medicines are also propagated through the media channels. Besides dissemination of information through print and audio visual media, grants for national and international seminars/ workshops / conferences are also provided by the Department of AYUSH. Beneficiaries of these schemes include women and children who constitute a substantial number or major percentage of total participated mass. (iv) Promotional and Contractual Farming Schemes of National Medicinal Plants Board also provide significant aveunues for income generation activities for women belonging to rural and farming families. 11.3 Gender and Development Issue: Research Councils have schemes under plan to develop an understanding and sensitivity on gender issues in program managers/medical officers and paramedics in the context of Reproductive Health/ general health.

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11.4 Women Employees in D/o AYUSH : D/o AYUSH is an equal opportunity employer and has a significant representation of women at all levels in the department and its research councils and national institutes. 11.5 Women Delegates in Foreign Participation: D/o AYUSH provids equal opportunities and funding to its women officers to visit foreign

countries on deputation as delegates in various international workshops/ conferences/ seminars/meetings, shows etc 11.6 Redressal Cell on Sexual Harassment: A cell has been constituted to look into the complaints of sexual harassment of women in the Department of AYUSH. No such case has been reported in this Department this year.

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