CHALLENGES IN THE DESIGN OF HIGH RISE BUILDINGS

10/28/ 10/28/2009

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS

■ What is a High-Rise Building ?? High● Tall buildings cannot be defined in specific terms related just to height or to the number of floors. floors.
-“A building whose height creates different conditions in the design, construction, use than those that exist in common buildings of a certain region and period.” period. -“ A Structure because of its height, is affected by lateral forces due to wind or earthquake actions to an extent that they play an important role in the structural design.” design.

POV: ● From tourist community POV: It forms prestige symbols.). Hong Kong. distinctive land POV: marks. Janeiro.. safety hazards and constitute an easy target in case of war or terrorism. centers.. terrorism. ● High cost of land and limited space ( Tokyo.. . Rio de Janeiro.CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Why Tall Building (Advantage)?? ● From Business POV: business activities need to be as close to each other . ● Increase the risk .) ■ Disadvantage of Tall Building ?? ● Putting intense pressure on the available land space .. hotels and commercial city centers.

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Risk of Earthquakes and Winds 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

STAGES OF HIGH RISE DESIGN ■ Design Process Architectural MEP Structural Concept Design Preliminary Structural Design Based on Vertical Loads Plus an allowance for Lateral Loads Based mainly on EXPERIENCE Accurate Modeling and Analysis Based on Final Layout and All Possible Loads and Development of Final LAYOUT DRAWINGS Final Design Calculations and the Development of Working Drawings by Cooperation with CONTRACTORS Final Design Working Design .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Tallest twenty high rise in the world 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Distribution of High Rise in the World 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Tallest 10 Buildings in the World 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

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10/28/ 10/28/2009 . Location: Chicago No of Stories: 108 Construction Year: 1974 Height: 442 m World's tallest building from 1974 .1996.CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ High Rise Example Sears Tower Nine Bundled Tubes. surpassed by the 1996. each 25 m wide with no columns between core and perimeter. Malaysia. Petronas Tower in Kuala Lumpur.

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ High Rise Example (Burj Dubai) 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

The photo below is the building's current state: the skyscrapers below the Burj Dubai used to look tall. excluding an antenna. 509m. is Taipei 101 in Taiwan which stands at 509m. Note: currently the tallest building on earth.CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ High Rise Example (Burj Dubai) This is the tallest Man Made Building in the world with a predicted height of 818m. 818m. 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

tower 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ High Rise Example (World Trade Center) 534 meter to tower top 610 meter to pyramid top 670 meter to comm.

DIFFERENT LOADS IN HIGH RISE DESIGN Vertical Loads Lateral Loads Dead Loads Live Loads Wind Loads Earthquake Loads Earth Pressure Differential Settlement Temperature Changes Impact Vibrations Other Loads .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Design Challenge Selection of proper innovative systems Shear Wall Core Outrigger Belt Truss 10/28/ 10/28/2009 15 .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Design Challenge Selection of proper innovative systems 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Design Challenge Large Span Floor systems 17 .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Design Challenge Modern Flooring Systems ©Copyright Post-Tensioning Institute. All Post10/28/ 10/28/2009 rights reserved 18 .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Design Challenge Performing 3D Analysis Model .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Design Challenge Carrying out Wind Tunnel Testing 10/28/ 10/28/2009 20 .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Design Challenge Ductile Detailing 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Design Challenge Using Advanced Control Techniques .

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Construction Challenge Modern Shuttering 10/28/ 10/28/2009 .

Floor Systems (RAM program) .T.T. Floor systems Design of P.CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Course Layout ■ Introduction What is High Rise Characteristics of High Rise Examples of High Rise Stages of High Rise Design Loads Considered in the Design of High Rise ■ Floor Systems Types of Floor Systems Selection of Floor Systems Design of RC Floor Systems (SAFE program) Definition of P.

CHARACTERESTICS OF HIIGH RISE BUILDINGS ■ Course Layout ■ Lateral Load Systems Different Types of Lateral Load Resisting Systems Selection of Proper System Lateral Load Calculations Code Requirements and Provisions Design of High Rise (ETABS program) Advanced Techniques in High Rise (Control) ■ Sub-Structures SubTypes of and Selection of Foundations Design of Foundation Elements (SAFE program) Design and Construction of Basements ■ Detailing General Notes and Details Case Study of Project Detailing .