What is Energy?

In Layman terms, Energy is the amount of force or power when applied can move one object from one position to another or Energy defines the capacity of a system to do work. Energy exists in everybody whether they are human beings or animals or non living things for eg: Jet, Light, Machines etc..

Energy can have many forms: kinetic, potential, light, sound, gravitational, elastic, electromagnetic or nuclear. According to the law of conservation of energy, any form of energy can be converted into another form and the total energy will remain the same. For eg: a laborer when pushes the pile of bags, his potential energy stored inside him is converted into the kinetic energy from the movement of matter or when you burn the wood it's chemical energy is converted into the heat energy or when you charge your mobile phone the electrical energy is converted into the chemical energy which gets stored inside the battery's molecules.

The many different natural and renewable energy technologies highlighted throughout the website are by no means breakthrough. Many of the renewable energy technologies have been around for years, and as time goes by, are increasing in efficiency.

What are the sources of energy?
Energy are broadly classifies into two main groups: renewable and Non-renewable.

Renewable Energy
Renewable energy is energy which is generated from natural sources i.e. sun, wind, rain, tides and can be generated again and again as and when required. They are available in plenty and by far most the cleanest sources of energy available on this planet. For eg: Energy that we receive from the sun can be used to generate electricity. Similarly, energy from wind, geothermal, biomass from plants, tides can be used this form of energy to another form.

Here are some of the pros and cons of using renewable sources of energy:-

Pros

they can affect bird population as they are quite high. wind. • Renewable sources can cost less than consuming the local electrical supply. you have to rely on strong winds therefore you have to choose suitable site to operate them. credit deductions are available for individuals and businesses who want to go green. • You don't have to rely on any third country for the supply of renewable sources as in case of non-renewable sources. • Renewable helps in stimulating the economy and creating job opportunities. In the long run. • Hydroelectric provide pure form of energy but building dams across the river which is quite expensive can affect natural flow and affect wildlife. so renewable sources can cut your electricity bills. • To use wind energy. • Renewable sources have low carbon emissions. the prices of electricity are expected to soar since they are based on the prices of crude oil. Solar energy can be used during the day time and not during night or rainy season. geothermal. Geothermal energy which can be used to generate electricity has side effects too. Cons • • • It is not easy to set up a plant as the initial costs are quite steep. The money that is used to build these plants can provide jobs to thousands to lakhs of people. It can bring toxic chemicals beneath the earth surface onto the top and can create environmental changes.• The sun. ocean energy are available in the abundant quantity and free to use. Non-renewable sources are not environmental . Non-Renewable Energy Renewable energy is energy which is taken from the sources that are available on the earth in limited quantity and will vanish fifty-sixty years from now. • The non-renewable sources of energy that we are using are limited and are bound to expire one day. Also. • Various tax incentives in the form of tax waivers. therefore they are considered as green and environment friendly.

We can reduce those impacts by consuming less energy. natural gas. For eg: if you are driving a battery driven car your battery gets discharged then you won't be able to charge it in the middle if the road rather it is easy to find a gas pumping station. • Since these sources are going to expire soon.friendly and can have serious affect on our health. . Non-renewable sources exist in the form of fossil fuels. Why should we conserve energy? Energy needs to be conserved to protect our environment from drastic changes. They are called non-renewable because they can be re-generated within a short span of time. It is important for us to realize how energy is useful to us and how can we avoid it getting wasted. oil and coal. prices of these sources are soaring day by day. • They are considered as cheap when converting from one type of energy to another. • • You can use small amount of nuclear energy to produce large amount of power. • • The speed at which such resources are being utilized can have serious environmental changes. The cost of energy is rising every year. In other words. it helps us to save the environment. Cons • Non-renewable sources will expire some day and we have to us our endangered resources to create more non-renewable sources of energy. Non-renewable sources release toxic gases in the air when burnt which are the major cause for global warming. to save the depleting resources for our future generations. You can easily fill up your car tank and power your motor vehicle. Non-renewable have little or no competition at all. Here are some of the pros and cons of using non-renewable sources of energy:- Pros • Non-renewable sources are cheap and easy to use. The rate at which the energy is being produced and consumed can damage our world in many ways.

cumulative global photovoltaic (PV) installations surpassed 40 GW[6][7][8] and PV power stations are popular in Germany and Spain. if millions of people like us start doing these things. peak oil. coupled with high oil prices. then at city level then district level and finally at country level. which are renewable (naturally replenished).[2] Wind power is growing at the rate of 30% annually. About 16% of global final energy consumption comes from renewables. You might notice a small change in your monthly bills by implementing these changes as they would be getting decreased more and more.[9] Solar thermal power stations operate in the USA and Spain. just by turning off the lights during day hours. and ethanol now provides 18% of the country's automotive fuel. While many renewable energy projects are large-scale. are driving increasing renewable energy legislation. involving production of ethanol fuel from sugar cane. Over 44 million households use biogas made in household-scale digesters for lighting and/or cooking.tides. geothermal. wind.[5] At the end of 2010. Brazil has one of the largest renewable energy programs in the world. and the largest of these is the 354 megawatt (MW) SEGS power plant in theMojave Desert. modern biomass. and increasing government support.[3][4] and is widely used in Europe. which is mainly used for heating. and micro-hydro configured into mini-grids serves many more. washing clothes in cold water or using public transport instead of using our own vehicle and later can implement these things on much wider scale at society level. and 3.[10] The world's largest geothermal power installation is The Geysers in California.[14]New government . Asia. and geothermal heat. with a worldwide installed capacity of 198gigawatts (GW) in 2010. renewable technologies are also suited torural and remote areas.[12] As of 2011. with a rated capacity of 750 MW. Renewable energy is energy which comes from natural resources such as sunlight.[13] Climate change concerns. rain. where energy is often crucial in human development.[1] The share of renewables in electricity generation is around 19%. solar.8% and are growing very rapidly. and more than 166 million households rely on a new generation of moreefficient biomass cookstoves. it will help us to save much more money and also help the environment. small solar PV systems provide electricity to a few million households. wind. [11] Ethanol fuel is also widely available in the USA. with 10% coming from traditional biomass. with 16% of global electricity coming from hydroelectricity and 3% from new renewables. and biofuels) accounted for another 2. New renewables (small hydro. and the United States. With so many alternatives and so many techniques about there.To start saving energy is not a big thing at all.4% from hydroelectricity. incentives and commercialization. We can start saving the energy from our home itself.

once used there is no more remaining. Fossil fuels (such as coal. grown. These resources often exist in a fixed amount and are consumed much faster than nature can create them.[15] A non-renewable resource is a natural resource which cannot be produced. regulation and policies helped the industry weather the global financial crisis better than many other sectors. In contrast. generated.[1] . or used on a scale which can sustain its consumption rate.spending. resources such as timber (when harvested sustainably) or metals (which can be recycled) are considered renewable resources. petroleum and natural gas) and nuclear power (uranium) are examples.

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