1923 ORDO AUREAE & ROSAE CRUCIS
ANTIQUE ARCANAE ORDINIS ROSAE RUBEAE ET AUREAE CRUCIS
INTRODUCTION After the death of Joséphin Péladan in 1918, Émile Dantinne (1884-1969) started his attempts to reunite the Belgian rosicrucians under one major umbrella organization. In his writings Dantinne has always presented himself as one of the successors of Péladan, one of the key figures of the so-called ‘French occult revival’ at the end of the XIX century. Joséphin Aimé Péladan (1859 –1918) was involved with the development of the Martinist Order of Papus and the foundation of the Kabbalistic Order of the RoseCroix. In 1891 he established his own (self-styled) Rosicrucian Order, ‘L’Ordre de la Rose-Croix du Temple et du Graal’, the Catholic Rose-Croix (R+C+C). And it was this Order which Dantinne wanted to restore. The whole history of Joséphin Péladan’s Order has already been told in the essay “1891 L’Ordre de la Rose-Croix Catholique et Esthetique du Temple et du Graal” , which includes a historical outline on Péladan’s Belgian disciples. Therefore, only a brief review of the events leading to the restoration of the Order in Belgium will be presented in this essay. More detailed information can be found in the abovementioned essay. THE GATHERINGS AT THE HOTEL RAVENSTEIN After Péladan had founded his R+C Order, he started to organize the now famous ‘Salons des RoseCroix’ (art-exhibitions) in Paris. At the third exhibition, which was held in Brussels in 1894, a branch of the ‘Catholic Rose-Croix’ was established under the leadership of Jean Delville (1867-1953), the great symbolist painter. In the following years the Belgian rosicrucians gathered together at the Hotel Ravenstein in Brussels, Belgium. In reality, these ‘rosicrucians’ were a loose circle of followers of Péladan; some of them were Theosophists or Martinists, others spiritualists, free-thinkers or Freemasons. “The most prominent of these Belgian disciples were: Edmond Picard, Raymond Nyst, José Hennebicq, Georges M. Baltus, Jean Delville, Clement de Saint-Marcq, Francis Vurgey, and Nicolas Brossel.” (1) It was in 1904 that a young Émile Dantinne met Péladan at the Hotel Ravenstein, where the latter delivered a lecture. After this first meeting, Dantinne became a regular visitor at the rosicrucian gatherings at the rue Ravenstein. Dantinne goes into this subject in his work entitled "L’Oeuvre et la Pensée de Péladan" : “In the course of these conferences in Belgium, Péladan created a circle of disciples who met at the Hotel Ravenstein which still exists in the vicinity of the ‘Palais des Beaux-Arts’.” On pages 37-38 Dantinne continues: "The Catholic Rose+Cross survived Péladan and its surviving initiates restored the Order in an adequate form which was disposed of - without modifying the great directives of the Master - its aesthetic side which only distorted the purity of it." (2) On the same page (38) Dantinne states that, in the end, only two initiates remained loyal to the ideals and the doctrines of the rosicrucian Order : Du Chastain and Dantinne. “After the death of Peladan it was Sâr Hieronymus who relighted the torch of the Order and restored it in the ancient tradition of the real Rose+Cross." (3)
1) “1891 L’Ordre de la Rose-Croix Catholique et …” (2003) M.Bogaard 2) "L’Oeuvre et la Pensée de Péladan ( La Philosophie rosicrucienne )" (1948) Émile Dantinne 3) an Addition to 'L'Oeuvre et la Pensée de Péladan', written by Émile Dantinne in 1952 ; ‘Sâr Hieronymous’ was the ‘nomen mysticum’ of Dantinne.
The depicted degree-titles were derived from the archives of Belgian historian Marcel Roggemans (“Geschiedenis van de occulte en mystieke broederschappen”). . who used it as a title for his Grandmastership). a Rosicrucian centre was established under the direction of François Soetewey. Roggemans continues by stating that the question remains open as to whether there were rituals attached to the degrees or not. Commandeur) were adopted from Péladan’s R+C+C and belonged to the ‘Rose+Croix Intérieure’ (10º-13º). and Jean Pastel (student at the University of Brussels. The rosicrucian organization Dantinne had in mind was divided over three separate Orders: 1. Shortly thereafter. ‘L’Ordre de la Rose+Croix Intérieure’: the inner Order. Then. with Mallinger as secretary. ‘L’Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universelle’: an Order divided into nine degrees led by François Soetewey ( Sâr Succus ). (Une analyse des documents constituant le Fonds Lelarge) source: Marcel Roggemans. Belgium).C.
. 2. and his disciples decided to reorganize the whole Order. the final one being the ‘Imperator-degree’.A. The final degree of the inner Order was (obviously) reserved for the Imperator.
4) Document : Roger Maréchal. as it is stated.” (4) Dantinne. The outer heading of the Rosicrucian Order applied its original name: ‘Ordo Aureae et Rosae Crucis’. the ‘Rose-Croix universitaire’ was founded.1923 ORDO AUREAE & ROSAE CRUCIS After the First World War (1914-1918) Émile Dantinne restored the Rosicrucian Order that died with Péladan. ‘L’Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire’: led by Jean Mallinger. Belgium). the first degree of the German R+C was entitled “Juniorus’. Émile Dantinne was the Imperator of the overall organization O. “On July 30. with Soetewey as Co-Imperator. divided into four degrees and led by Imperator Jules Rochat de Abbaye (Sâr Apollonius). Georges van Steenbeek (both students at the University of Leuven. Kunrath 4º Philosophus : a study of the heavenly hierarchies 5º Adeptus Minor : the theory and practical applications of Theurgy 6º Adeptus major : dedicated to the Christian mysteries 7º Adeptus Exemptus : mysticism 8º Magister Templi : practical training in mysticism 9º Magus : the occult doctrines of the Rose Cross 10º Ecuyer 11º Chévalier 12º Commandeur 13º Imperator The tenth up to and including the twelfth degree (Ecuyer. According to Marcel Roggemans the actual rituals attached to these degrees have never been discovered. at Brussels. “ Celestial Rose+Croix ” ROSE+CROIX Intérieure
ROSE+CROIX Universelle 9º
ROSE+CROIX Universitaire 9º
The OARC had a total of thirteen degrees of which the first nine carried the titles of the ‘classical’ rosicrucian degrees (Gold und Rosenkreutz Order) (5): 1º Zelator : in this degree the various religions and philosophical systems were studied 2º Theoreticus : a beginning was made in studying the occult forces 3º Practicus : a study of the life of the great Mystics. Similar to the ‘R+C Universelle’ except this Order only admitted University students and graduates. at the first convention held in Duinbergen. The whole Order consequently consisted of thirteen degrees.R. Alchemy and the works of H. 3. 1982 . To my knowledge. it was the ‘Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn’ (1888) which used the appellation ‘Zelator’. 5) Originally. Chévalier. 1923 Jean Mallinger (Sâr Elgrim) is admitted to the Order. who carried the title and (mystical) name of ‘Sâr Hieronymus’ (the title ‘Sâr’ was derived from Péladan.
a. any correspondence addressed to Dantinne went through Lelarge (or Mallinger). in 1933. In 1928 Dantinne established a new R+C Centre in Brussels under the name of ‘La vraie initiation occultiste’ and connected this centre to the ‘Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire’.R.C. The storie continues… The rosicrucian philosophy started to flourish in Belgium as the Order expanded its activities.37-38)
. In his testimonies Dantinne clearly speaks of a restoration of Péladan’s Catholic Rose+Cross. Mallinger and Lelarge together formed the nucleus of the whole organization.R. Mallinger sees in this decision the hand of the church. the Hague. Léon Lelarge.” (7) The personal testimonies of Dantinne ("L’Oeuvre et la Pensée de Péladan".N. namely: R+C Universitaire (9 degrees). The use of the expression ‘rare initiation’ (an initiation received from the higher planes) is well known within the world of initiatic societies and brotherhoods.O. No one has ever known what led Dantinne to decide to stop all his Order activities at the time. the Belgian rosicrucians received negative response from (in particularly) the disciples of Max Heindel (Rosicrucian Fellowship). “without modifying the great directives of the Master” (8) Nevertheless.” Rebisse furthermore stresses that. Mallinger alarms Lelarge by announcing that Émile Dantinne would have decided to abandone all his Order-activities. Sâr Ignifer was appointed Archon of Sciences and of the Arts with Sâr a Mare as almoner (chaplain). 1933. the rites and the teachings of the Order were derived from Renaissance Magic. For instance. a crisis occurred which threatened the Order’s existence. 1927 Dantinne instructed his Rosicrucian Order to establish ‘Hermetic Centres’ in Belgium. The foundation of these centres indicated the birth of a new Order which would become known as ‘L’Ordre Hermètiste Tétramégiste et Mystique’ (more on this organization later).” (6) The French historian and AMORC member Christian Rebisse states that in the initial stages of the Order’s formation. R+C Universalis (3 degrees) and R+C Interioure (the inner order).C. It is more then likely that it was Fr. At a later date Sâr Essenius was replaced by Jean Mallinger.J. On December 31. 7) “Histoire du Rosicrucianisme / des origines jusqu'à nos jours” Chapter XIX Christian Rebisse F. The philosophy. although “Émile Dantinne presented himself as a disciple of Joséphin Péladan. 1926 the dignitaries were appointed for ‘L’Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire’. Marcel Roggemans (transl. 1925 Dantinne opened a Rosicrucian Centre in Brussels which came under the leadership of François Soetewey. It is noteworthy that Alvin sen Evanger (Fr.C. become the Vice-President of the Council of Administration of the Belgian railwaycompany S. which rejected such practises. Grandmaster of the American rosicrucian order A.A. and signed by i. 8) “L’Oeuvre et la Pensée de Péladan” 1948 E.B. Melchior’.C. On February 12.Melchior) mentions a degree-structure that differs from Roggemans’.. Netherlands).R. On April 29. Rudolf Steiner and the Theosophists. In 1924 Wittemans had published a book on the history of the rosicrucians. the possible existence of a special order (‘Celestial Rose-Croix’) reserved only for the highest adepts within the organization structure of the O. But this is just mere speculation on my part. “Geschiedenis der Rozenkruisers” (L.a. in 1934 Mallinger informs Lelarge of his intention to resign from the Rosicrucian Order.Wittemans who put H. was the binding factor between the opposing personalities of Dantinne and Mallinger. Dantinne was a devote Christian.” On May 9.1948) tend to contradict Rebisse’s claim regarding Dantinne’s initiatic filiation. he claimed that his initiatic filiation did not came from the Sâr (Péladan). Wittemans (i.S. an engineer who would later i. Mallinger was appointed secretary.
6) “Manifestations of the Neo-Rosicrucian Current” Fr. but from the ‘Astral’ Rose-Croix.a. These centres came under the leadership of François Soetewey. unlike Jean Mallinger (1904-1982) who was very anticlerical and even became involved with the Communist movement for a short period of time (until 1936-1938). Jean Mallinger introduced Léon Lelarge (Sâr Agni) to the Rosicrucian Order.C. Lewis into contact with Dantinne and Mallinger.) : “Sâr Essenius was appointed secretary. Then. Jean Mallinger and other members of ‘L’Ordre Hermétiste’. Roger Maréchal asserts that Dantinne’s decision maybe had something to do with the constitution of ‘L’Ordre Maçonnique Oriental de Memphis-Misraïm’. Dantinne. “The majority of the members were Martinists and members of the Rite of MemphisMisraïm.Dantinne (P. notably those who attained thus heights of illumination ('rare initiation').M. Then. Bouchier. In that same year the Belgian historian Francois Wittemans received a honorary membership of the ‘Rose+Croix Universitaire’.According to Alvin sen Evanger. In this the Order deviated from the Catholic Rose-Croix of Péladan. could well refer to the Astral Rose-Croix. there was another Order beyond the ‘Rose+Croix Intérieure’. the ‘Celestial Rose-Croix’ (R+C Céleste): “Beyond all this was the 'Celestial Rose-Croix' (signifying the initiates spiritual connection) which was only reserved to a very few. member of the Theosophic Society) was also in contact with Harvey Spencer Lewis. published in the ‘Moniteur Belge’ of April 08.
the original Dutch 1924 publication of “A New Authentic History of the Rosicrucians”
A copy of one of the documents (correspondence between Mallinger and HSL) is preserved at the municipal library of Lyon. founded by the French alchemist François Jollivet-Castelot around 1920. The certificate granted HSL the title of ‘Doctor in Psychological and Hermetic Sciences’ of the‘Université de la Rose+Croix’ of Belgium.S.U.O.I. the United States and South-America. It has nothing in common with Judaism nor Christianity.A.Lewis on January 11. This document concerns a certificate that was granted to HS Lewis in 1933.D.I.C.O. “made overtures to certain lodges in France.a. or to extend.M:. its main personalities etc.The Egyptian Rite of the F.O.” Milko Bogaard 2003 10) The complete history of this federation. “Amorc-Suisse (Antiquae Mysticae Ordinis Rosae Crucis) remained independent until 1937” The whole Swiss R+C Order went over to A. probably. Chapter XIII “1934 . Lucien François (who was the archivist of the Order) and Sâr Sapiens. In a letter written to his friend Léon Lelarge. In 1938 Jules Rochat de Abbaye was.C. Imperator of A. I suspect that the ‘Confrérie des Frères Illuminés de la Rose+Croix’ is ment.M:.D.I.C.F.U.M. There was clearly a crisis goin on between both men. head of the Sovereign Sanctuary of France. “God alone knows what’s been said between the two” but it is sure that such a crisis would never occure again.S. left insulated. the ‘RoseCroix Universitaire’ in France.S. The Belgian lodges of the M:. of which you are the head and its guide …. there already existed a ‘exoteric’ R+C Order in Switzerland. under the direction of August Reichel. the F.O. who was a convinced Catholic.” (9) As stated on the previous page. On October 5. in 1934.
9) “Rite Ancien et Primitif de Memphis-Misraïm”. thus Mallinger in his criticism against the Christian belief of such Order-members as Dantinne. in 1937.O. The crisis was solved through the intervention of Jean Mallinger’s wife Marcelle.M:.C. entrusted with the responsibility to implement.R. the principal of the branch (L’Université de la Rose+Croix’). to which the Belgian M:.”. caused a confrontation between the Belgian Order and Jean Bricaud. The document is signed by Mallinger. The letter dates from around the middle of the 1930’s after Mallinger had broken with the (co-masonic) M:. belonged. 1933: “We would be very honoured if we would be able to affiliate with the eminent Rosicrucian Order. France.R. Dantinne. Wittemans. who asked Raymond Baltus to contact Lelarge to make an appointment for a personal meeting between the Imperator and Mallinger. In 1933 the Belgian MM proclaimed its independence.R. (10)
Fr. Mallinger dwells on the subject of the Rose-Cross as a symbol. The earlier mentioned constitution of the masonic Order of Memphis-Misraïm.O.“A true R+C is a revolutionists and wants to pulverize the triple diadem of the pope.R.M. 1934 Jean Mallinger requested from the Imperator the full powers to create in Switzerland. Jollivet-Castelot was i.S.D.M..”
. Mallinger wrote to H. of which Mallinger was one of its high dognitaries at the time. Belgium. Until the end of his life Mallinger is said to have venerated his old Master (source: Roger Maréchal). also a member of the O.U. through the mediation of Fr.” Out of this first contact was to develop an international federation of initiatic societies and brotherhoods which was founded in 1934 in Brussels. It was during these turbulent times in the history of Belgian occultism that the Belgian dissidents came into contact with Harvey Spencer Lewis. a branch of the ‘R+C Universitaire’. together with Edouard Bertholet and August Reichel.Wittemans. can be found in my paper “1934-1951 History of the F. According to A.
Mallinger started to purge the various organizations (R+C.) of all the possible masonic influences.D. the Cross on the Rose is not masonic.After his resignation from the masonic Egyptian Rite. (11)
The Rosicrucian Order symbol of the OARC (R+C Universelle) is depicted below on a letter written by Dantinne.” Milko Bogaard 2003
. It is necessary to avoid all that is masonic. with a Cross on top”.S.U. there are gradiations of identification and selection. Mallinger returned to Freemasonry in 1936 when he created a Belgian Sovereign Sanctuary which worked the so-called ‘Arcana Arcanorum’ degrees. dated 1948. However. ROSE-CROIX ORDER SIGIL In one of his reports to Dantinne Mallinger elaborates on the Rose-Cross symbol: ”From one R+C to another. But a Rose on a Cross is specifically masonic.I. “ Mallinger continues by stating that the Rosicrucian symbol of the Rose + Cross is composed of “a Rose below.O.The Egyptian Rite of the F. L’Ordre Hermètiste Tétramégiste. The Order symbol (a Cross on a Rose with five petals) is used as header
11) “Rite Ancien et Primitif de Memphis-Misraïm”. Ordre Martiniste & Synarchique etc. Chapter XIII “1934 .
and their application to the highest grades of science. 1780 under the name of “l’ Académie des Sublimes Maîtres de l'Anneau Lumineux”. According to Christian Rebisse. One of these sources specifically asserts that the rite was a depository of a system of 6
. A personal source of mine.that O::H::T::M:: was the Pythagoreans. “In the early years.” Unfortunately. whose cause is eternal. one of the Grand Officers of the Philosophic Scottish Rite. “It is commonly asserted .The first and second were principally occupied with the history of Freemasonry. according to Belgian Roger Maréchal. The Greek word ‘Mégiste’ stands for ‘Grand’. In the beginning. the Tobacconists. This was a French masonic rite that was founded in. “Encyclopaedia of Freemasonry and its kindred sciences”. and now merged it together under mutual leadership. 1878). In general it is asserted that Mallinger probably used the Tobaccologist rituals or material that was derived from “another thing called the Order of the Luminous Ring”. For instance.even by some folk who know the area very well . ‘Tétramégiste’ stands for the ‘Perfect Square of Nature’ which we know as the four elements.] He states that HSL asserted that “involving O::L::I::P:: in F. “four times the perfect square”. during the development of the Order. former member of S. or around. the source of nature.1927 ORDRE HERMÈTISTE TÉTRAMÉGISTE ET MYSTIQUE
“I swear it by him who has transmitted into our souls the Sacred Quaternion.” (anonymous. Mallinger and Dantinne had been initiated into distinct branches of this order.Pythagoras
On May the 9th . Mackey claims that the “Académie des Sublimes Maîtres de l'Anneau Lumineux” was founded in France.S. or “L’Ordre des Priseurs” (“snuff-takers”). also named ‘L’Ordre Hermétiste Tétramégiste et Mystique’ or ‘L’Ordre Pythagoricien’. “it may be that the Pythagoreans were O::L::I::P:: and O::H::T::M:: were purely Hermetic? “ (anonymous..) The Order.O. This rite is also known as “Les Nicotiates”. It is claimed that in Belgium the O::H::T::M:: and the O::L::I::P:: co-existed next to each other. or so it seems.I. next to the O::H::T::M::. various names were used indifferently.Melchior).F.O.” This same source states that the Belgian brothers wanted to include the ‘Ordo Liborium Initiatorum Pythagorie’ in the F. it was Dantinne who named the Order ‘L’Ordre d’Hermès Trismégiste’.I.”
Golden Verses .U. According to a number of French sources.. According to Alvin sen Evanger (Fr.M. ORDO LIBORIUM INITIATORUM PYTHAGORIE In the historical archives of the Belgian Pythagoreans mention is made of a (seemingly) distinct branch.O. and was divided into three Degrees. This decision indicated the birth of a new Order. the Order would finally became known under the initials O::H::T::M::. which would become known as ‘L’Ordre Hermètiste Tétramégiste et Mystique’. O::H::T::M:: / O::L::I::P::.I. who wishes to remain anonymous.S. ‘the greatest’. This infers that there were some differences between them. e-mail correspondence 2006}.R. which stood for ‘Ordre Hermétiste Tetramégiste’ or ‘Ordre Hermétiste Traditionnel et Mystique’. the Academy of the Luminous Ring was an Alchemical Rite.D. 1927 Sâr Hieronymus (Émile Dantinne) instructed the R+C Universitaire to create Hermetic centres in Belgium under the leadership of François Soetewey. two names which were apparently used indifferently under the same initials. shortened: ‘L’Ordre de Hermès’.U. but the info from the horse's mouth would appear to indicate it's not so. which Mallinger later renamed into ‘L’Ordre d’Hermès Tétramégiste’. no further information regarding these initiations is presented by the author. and the last with the dogmas of the Pythagorean school. named the ‘Ordo Liborium Initiatorum Pythagorie’ (O::L::I::P::). by Baron Blaerfindy.C. but he believes there were criticisms by Harvey Spencer Lewis [A. A direct chain of initiation has not been discovered. in his analysis of the so-called ‘Lelarge collection’.D. Albert C.D. was probably made up by Jean Mallinger. presents some insight into the matter. The O::H::T::M:: was a restoration of the Pythagorean Order (12) under the form of a rectified Hermetic rite.( Albert C. in England the Order was known as the Tobacco-logical Sociery. or so it seems. in 1780. The historieal hypothesis which was sought to be developed in this Academy was that Pythagoras was the founder of Freemasonry. Mallinger and Dantinne did not receive an initiation. the Academy of Sublime Masters of the Luminous Ring. as my source puts it.O. was just 'padding' the group with another order. because the expression refers to a state which evolves towards natural perfection on the four planes of manifestation. The symbol of the Order is a Perfect Square. Mackey M. The Academy of the Luminous Ring was dedicated to the philosophy of Pythagoras.
made up of 4 members. the Order adopted different names for (obvious) reasons of safety and became known as ‘Les Nicotiates’ or the ‘Ordre des Priseurs’ in France and the Tobacco-logical Sociery in England. It is indistinct whether these ‘Arcana’ are the ‘Arcana’ of Memphis Misraïm. Some sources claim that the A.] Returning to the Hermes Order. although in a different domain and with different means. 3) GRAND HERMETIC AREOPAGUS (Learned Assembly) or Third Degree.a. Frenchman Christian Rebisse states that the 4th degree i. Caillet’s book “Sâr Hieronymous et la F. THE SQUARE OF PERFECTION. presumably written by Jean Mallinger.A. The lodge allegedly closed down in 1864.founded “La Sociéte Alchimique de France”. On a side-note.I. July-August 2001). while other sources claim that Rombauts and Mallinger only recovered the texts of the 19th century French historian/Freemason Ragon.) Whatever the truth was.(Arcana Arcanorum ) According to Marcel Roggemans the title of the fourth degree is (still) unknown (14). At the beginning of the twentieth century Dario Velloso. 4) SUBLIME LUMINOUS CONSISTORY or Fourth and final Degree. the F. More information concerning the position of Émile Dantinne in 7
. legislative and judiciary and administrative organ of the Order. The Masters to be studied in each of these Degrees will be designated by the Imperator or G::M:: of the Order".S. should be the only executive. France (L’Orient de Douai). source: Revue Renaissance traditionnelle. n°127-128. just as the R+C. For..
1º Apprenti de Hermès 2º Compagnion de Hermès 3º Maître de Hermès 4º . The greatest stringency should govern the recruitment of members of the Order.U. is the main source on Dantinne. during the eighteenth century. the following information is derived from a document of the so-called ‘Lelarge-collection’ (13 ). the Sublime Grand Master of the Order and his 3 secretaries or Unknown Superiors. I-C et III”.O. despite the aversion Dantinne seemed to have towards Freemasonry. Each of these Degrees will be unknown to the others.O. published in 1986 by Cariscript in Paris. Arturo Reghini was initiated. The 4 grades may be called: 1) PYTHAGOREAN LODGE or First Degree. O::H::T::M:: [Continued. 2) SOVEREIGN OCCULT CHAPTER or Second Degree. Their locations will be separated.” In Chapter II of the ‘History of the Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis Misraïm’ I’ve stated that the fourth degree probably incorporated the so-called ‘Arcana Arcanorum’.U. constituted in 1575. degrees (Arcana Arcanorum) of the Belgian M. The O::H::T::M:: was a mixed Order and clearly carried influences derived from Freemasonry. The Supreme Lodge of this Rite (Maçonnerie Pythagoricienne) was located in Douai. These are ritual titles and their names originate from Ancient Traditions.D. What is known is that all who wanted to be admitted into the Rosicrucian Order were obliged to obtain the fourth degree of the O::H::T::M:: first. Later.a.” .I. consisted of instructions concerning the magical personality of the initiate ( in the official Fourth Grade Documents of the O::H::T::M:: these instructions are filed under the title “Cours sur la magie personnelle de l'initié” – subjects “I-D. etc. a Brasilian Martinisist. 13) The ‘Lelarge-files’ contain numerous documents which were found in Leon Lelarge’s former house in 1982 by the French author and historian Serge Caillet. it seems that the ’Ordre Pythagoricien’ had it’s own Arcana. The text expounds the purpose of the Pythagorean Order/ O::H::T::M:: -“The restoration of the Pythagorean Order under the form of a rectified hermetic Mas:: superior to all the usual symbolic Orders of the modern Mas:: can only be realized by a through modification of the Scope and Rituals of the Order. (Rombauts-Mallinger) were derived from the O::H::T::M::. founded the ‘Instituto Neo-Pitagórico’.S. “The candidates for the R+C order were recruted from the Pythagorean Order. “ The Order was divided into four initiatic degrees :
12) It is claimed that the modern Pythagorean Orders are a continuation of the Italian ‘Fratelli Obscuri’. the Hermetists should be the Masons' guides. it was in the city of Douai where in 1896 François Jollivet-Castelot (1874 -1937).D.M.internal alchemy (“En effet. l'Académie des Sublimes Maîtres de l'Anneau Lumineux fut dépositaire d'une alchimie interne”. In the ninetheenth century we’ll find in Italy the Pythagorean ‘Schola Italica’ in which i.unknown .
M. with the exception of the last title.a.1934/09/17) on the French attacks on Freemasonry by the public opinion. François Soetewey was the Grandmaster of the Perfect Square for Belgium from 1927 up to 1938. the O::H::T::M:: is the agent of the Egyptian-Hellenic Tradition and has nothing in common with Freemasonry which groups profane interests under a veil of pseudo-initiation. Both books were dedicated to Luis Fitau and François Soetewey. he suggested to replace the title of ‘Venerable Master’. the doctrines were based on Pythagoras’ teachings. It is true that Dantinne and the others were much more involved in Rosicrucianism and the Pythagorean Order then Martinism. The question whether the O::H::T::M:: has to be considered to act as a portal to the Rosicrucian Order is still left (partly) unanswered. The Order was lead by the ‘Grand Maître Universelle Inconnu’. to authorize the Perfect Square of France to abolish the title of ‘Lodge’ and to rename it to ‘Square’ or ‘Grand Square’ ( “Carré ou Grand Carré" ). Both works were republished by F. dignified to the Children of Pythagoras. Dantinne accepted all of Lagrèze’s proposals. The motto of the Order: “Freedom.relation to Freemasonry can be found in the earlier mentioned essay on the history of the F.T. “carried by a too large number of pseudi-initiates”. The Grand Lodge. “The doctrines of the Order were based on the teachings of Pythagoras. Dantinne’s Pythagorean Order allegedly concerned itself with the roots of Pythagorism. Fraternité with a Greek or Latin motto. as used by the O::H::T::M::. which was Sâr Hieronymus/ Émile Dantinne.H. consul for Chile in Brussels. which I find somewhat puzzling.O.S. Fitau was Grandmaster for Chile until 1939. In their approach to the origins. Alvin sen Evanger states that this approach i. Equality.U. was authorized by Dantinne to create a Perfect Square for Chile. a parody of the ancient mysteries. A certain Hunin (Sâr Pascal) was the Archon for Foreign Relationships of the Hermes Order until he was killed by the Nazi’s at Neuengamme (near Hamburg. “The public confuses our sacred Order with the masonic Order” (freely transl. consisted of a Grandmaster and three secretaries “or Unknown Superiors”. reflected in Dantinne’s 8
.). Luis Fitau (Sâr Ludovicus). Mas:: etc. Georges Lagrèze (Sâr Mikaël." . Maréchal explains: In 1934 Georges Lagrèze informed the Grand Master of the O::H::T::M:: ( “au très Illustre Frère Sâr Hieronymus. the ‘Perfect Square’. “ Finally. In Martinism the usage of six dots is applied. The above-mentioned section suggests that . Fraternity. 1882-1946) was the Grandmaster of the Perfect Square for France and Switzerland. the doctrine was disposed of the Christian-. which was shortened to ‘Révérend Maître’. Lagrèze states that this is due to “a horde of cheap politicians” which are leading the various masonic organizations. To my knowledge the ‘Archonte of the Arts and Sciences’ was an administrative title. Lagrèze proposes the following changes to avoid any future confusion. dependent on the number of members. Melchior). In classical Freemasonry the usage of three dots is applied in the same manner (an indication of a claim to possess the Lost Word ). The four dots represent the symbolical ‘Perfect Square’.” Consequently. a part of the symbolical definitions. in his essay “Victor Blanchard: a summary of his life”. influences.” (1932. France. resulted in the fact that they even “grew a bit weary of Martinism. with Jean Mallinger as Archon of the Order. “Purely initiatory. This preference is i.” Lagrèze also suggested “to replace the motto Liberté. Planquart in Lille. O::H::T::M:: ).” (Fr. thus Lagrèze. who was the ‘Archon for foreign relationships’
“The Grand Orient of France and the majority of the French masonic lodges once again assassinated the master Hiram.a. In the lodge-documents of the Order four dots are used in the following fashion: G::M::. Wisdom”. The Lodge was called “Perfect Square’. Jean Mallinger wrote two books related to the Order: ‘Les secrets ésotérique des Pythagoriens’ (1946) and ‘Pythagore et les mystères’ (1944).). Reverend Master (the term ‘of Sciences’ was considered too superfluous. and other later. In December 1934 an independent jurisdiction for Switzerland was established with August Reichel as Grandmaster (Sâr Artemis). Germany) in 1945. On page 3 we can read that “Sar Ignifer was appointed Archon of the Sciences and of the Arts” (in 1926). the pre-Christian doctrine of Pythagoras. eg Sar Pascal.
14) Elias Ibrahim. The O::H::T::M:: used the title of Archon for their dignitaries. with the title of ‘Révérend Maître ès Sciences’ (Reverend Master of Sciences).I. As stated before on page 7. states that Victor Blanchard had obtained the fourth degree of the Pythagorean Order to which the text refers as the degree of “Archonte of the Arts and Sciences”.” (Roggemans). In Roger Maréchal’s document (“Une analyse des documents constituant le Fonds Lelarge”) there’s an interesting section where the author publishes (and comments on) a correspondence between Georges Lagrèze and Émile Dantinne in 1934. at least.D. The Order payed tribute to the symbolical Quaternity instead of the usual Trinity. Souverain Grand Maître de l’O. Egalité. were introduced by Lagrèze in 1934.
S.O. or the brothers of the dew.F.T.S. d’Ansembourg.D.U. Gerosa was the Grandmaster of the Italian branch of the O::H::T::M:: (16 ).R.H.O.D. back in 1953 the O::H::T::M:: did split up in two major branches : ‘Ordo Hermetis Trismégisti’ : successors of Christian Anthonis based on the doctrines of Louis Cattiaux (1904-1953). De Louvroy is the successor of Jean Mallinger of Memphis-Misraïm. dignitary.U. Evanger continues by stating that “The Pythagorean groups that survived Dantinne maintained this nonchristian identification (especially their leaders).O.donation of the complete Martinist archives. Mallinger in 1982.I. to his friend and associate Emile Ehlers (1886-1953). 5) Pythagorean branch founded under the auspices of the Grand Orient of Greece within the Greek Lodge PROMETHEUS. it is also known that Dantinne was an ardent Christian (15). with Mallinger as Grand Chancellor and Jean-Henri Probst Biraben (33°97°) as Grand Master. The Rose-Croix.D. united at the end of days. ‘Les secrets hermétiques de la Franc-maçonnerie’
. which included the material of Chaboseau's ‘L’Ordre Martiniste Traditionnel’ and Blanchard's ‘L’Ordre Martiniste et Synarchique’. The followers of Cattiaux introduced Cattiaux’ interpretations of the Holy Scriptures. another former F. Strong received his initiation from Émile Dantinne. are the Adepts of Hermes without statutes which are dispersed around the world.U.A. Roggemans states that this branch came in conflict with the Belgian branch of René de Louvroy. 2) O::H::T::M:: lead by René de Louvroy with lodges in Belgium.I. Léon Lelarge died in 1954. Cattiaux was a painter. Nicolas Valois. 1934-1951” 16 ) Michel Monereau . AND O. The O. I don’t know If this was actually the case. In 1949 he met Emmanuel’s brother. Boyer and Kotzamanis were also involved with the "Groupe de Thèbes" (17). Dantinne died in 1969.S.S. stands for ‘Society of Free Initiates’.”
O. Other branches did not recognize the group as Pythagorean because of their focus on (esoteric) Christianity. Nagos. tried to establish a new federation.I. All I know is that Mallinger and Probst-Biraben founded a new International Sovereign Sanctuary of Egyptian Masonry. Sar Aelios. five independent branches : 1) O::H::T::M::/ O.I.O. as published in his work ”Le Message Retrouvé”: “Elie artiste is the Christ Triumphant within the sons of God. S.C. It is said that he was introduced into the hermetic art in 1938 by the ‘alchemist of Fiers’. 4) S.
15 ) see “History of the F. The dignitaries concerned were Jean Mallinger.. under the editorship of E. something which was not appreciated by de Louvroy. In 1956 several former dignitaries from the F. A journal was founded. with lodges in Belgium and Germany. affiliated with this masonic group somewhere around 1960. Constantin Platounoff.M:. 3) O::H::T::M:: of the successors of Ambrogio Gerosa in Italy. of Sar Philosophtos and Martin Erler (Albinus). like diamonds in the rough earth.O. But what happened to the Pythagorean Order? Well.O. and Ambrogio Gerosa. ‘Fil d’Ariane’.I.R. ‘Ordo Rosae Aureae’.D. disbanded in 1951.A.U. Sar Aelios authorized Triantaphyllos Kotzamanis and Rémi Boyer to establish ‘L’Ordre d’Hermes et Orpheus’. the ‘Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universelle’ and the ‘Ordre de la Rose+Croix Universitaire’ allegedly also disbanded.F.M. AFTER 1951 After the F.I. Charles d’Hoogvorst (1924-2004). The Greek branch was in contact with Jean Mallinger. In 2002 ‘Fil d’Ariane’ changed its name to ‘Miroir d’Isis’.” Cattiaux met Emmanuel d' Hooghvorst (1914-1999) somewhere at the end of the 1940’s. Émile Dantinne is said to have resigned from his office as early as in 1952.R. Nevertheless. JeanHenry Probst Biraben. through the successor of Nagos. poet and alchemist. at least. ‘Ordo Hermetis Tetramégisti’ : The continuation of the original Order (Mallinger) which would finally develop into. Sar Philosophotos claims that this group works on a forged charter. An intense correspondence started. of Ronald Strong /Sar Elaa in England.A. was founded in 1956 in Germany. lead by V:.
But this seemed not to be the case.…) with i. The line of succession of this branch of the Asiatic Brethren starts with Gustav Meyrink (1868-1932).R. as his successor. When Dantinne resigned from office in 1952.R. except for the higher degrees where the sexes are separated. Marcel Roggemans states that Erler (Albinus) received his initiation from Dantinne in 1957. have been 10
.J. who’s allegedly listed as the last Grandmaster of the ‘Asiathic Brethren’ from Prague (19).C. The meditative practices are more on purifying the senses than the occult/ psychic of AMORC. He was succeeded by frater Victorius. It is stated by various sources that Erler was a Grandmaster of A.Anthonis already died within a year of taking office.R. It is claimed that Meyrink’s widow reactivated the Order after the Second World War “with a couple of friends”. This group allegedly focused itself on the study of the mysteries (18).R. Jung and published in 1931. He is said to have built the Order on Dantinne’s O::H::T::M:: as well as the ‘Asiatic Brethren’. With regard to Dantinne’s succession it is stated that Erler suggested to Dantinne to appoint a Belgian or a Frenchman as his successor. Bavaria) in 1956 by Martin Erler (1920 . Erler is convinced of Meyrink’s involvement with the Asiatic Brethren. But Dr.A. supposedly was also a Grandmaster of this branch. Martin Erler was involved in reviving rosicrucianism in Post-War Germany.M.a. After the War the German rosicrucians in general were namely distrusted.]
DER PYTHAGOREISCHE INITIATENORDEN VON DER GOLDENEN ROSE
The O. a Professor in Biology at the ‘Université Libre de Bruxelles’. (1949 -1954) who resigned his office as GM in 1954. Erler allegedly also acted as Grand Secretary under the German Grandmaster Fischer. Melchior). After the War the Orders started to develop their activities again (Under Hitler all initiatic organizations were forbidden) and Martin Erler is said to have acted as official representative of A. Erler is said to have claimed that his Order. Erler supposedly claims a documented history of the O. some members of the Fraternitas Saturni (source: Koenig) as well as other interested colleagues. This he beliefs makes the link stronger to the mysteries of ancient Egypt. Martin Erler claims that “some of its Egyptian rites have found strong resemblans to recently translated Egyptian texts.R.1956 ORDO ROSAE AUREAE [O. Jung and Joseph Campbell.O.G. (20) Up to now. ‘The Golden Rose’ in the name possibly comes from the book “The Secret of the Golden Flower”. he therefore allegedly appointed Dr. (“The Pythagorean Initiatic Order of the Golden Rose” ) was founded in the South of Germany (Munich area.” With regard to the Order its study system a member states: “The teaching material is in monograph similar to AMORC but of different quality.Christian Anthonis (Sar Thalassaphilos).O. that discusses chinese taoistic ways to develop an immortal body. when the latter resigned in 1952 (source: Fr. He was generally recognized as the rightful heir of Émile Dantinne and his organization of initiatic orders. Johannis des Evangelisten aus Asien in Europa’. Sar Philophotos.R.M.C.A.A. Alexander von Bernus (1880-1965). This forced Martin Erler to take over all the responsibilities.R. It was frater Victorius who appointed Erler (Albinus) as his successor. through the Asiatic Brethren. The O. and although he cannot prove it. O. Martin Erler is said to have replaced Émile Dantinne from his office. More based on historic research than fantasies”. that included C.R. a prominent German alchemist. It is worth noting that Erler was part of the Emmaus group. From whom Meyrink received his succession is not known. More based on historic research than fantasies. “O. with a commentary by C. translated and explained by Richard Wilhelm. in Germany from the beginning of 1952 until his resignation in the summer of 1953. is the successor of the “Rose+Croix d’ Orient”.” stands for ‘The Order of the Golden Rose’.A. is a mixed Order. Later on the whole organization was taken over by another Belgian.A. The rite is part Egyptian-style but more Greek in the higher degrees. ‘Orden der Ritter und Brüder St.A. dating back until the XIth century. Erler knew Meyrink as a little boy.
S.A.A. when the Order obviously decided to make themselves known through the internet. Mr.A. During his esoteric career mr.I. The students’ first year is taken up with merely reading and meditation.U. states that his experience “with them was very positive. members created a branch of the Pythagorean Order in Norway under the initials ‘B. who kindly provided me with information on the O. which was known as the" Groupe de Thèbes” .O.O. Documented proof although is lacking.R. The ORA has lodges in Germany and Belgium. 20) Dr. Allegedly.F. was [and is] not involved with anything related to the original O::H::T::M::.D. by its Board of Directors after the A. although there is a Lodge in London but it is said that this Lodge is barely surviving.O. the Order is lead in Belgium by a professor in psychology.” For instance. It is also stated by members of the O. most of its members probably don’t even know what the Hermes Order actually stood for.R. an offer which Mr. But in a telephone conversation with the author in 2001.R.) a member of the English S. It is also said that Erler was asked to preside at the consecration of Christian Bernard as the new Imperator of A.M.R.A.R. It is a fact that Meyrink.R. 1934-1951” 18) Dr. Gary L. They don't charge fees so far as I know.’ Some of the members of this branch were members of the two Martinist Orders “that are active in Bergen”. One of my sources on S. It is known that the original OHTM teachings and rituals originate with Dantinne and Jean Mallinger.O. As we’ve seen. The Order’s activities are for the most part centrered in this area.O.R. Stewart. The Order has always kept a low profile until recently.M.)
17) more information on Boyer and his federation of esoteric Orders and Societies . More information on Gustav Meyrink is presented in the appendix. Erler allegedly turned down (21). England has an active branch of the original Order which is led by Ronald Strong. More information on the A.A. Any participation in a lodge must be silent. Erler published several books. 21) Christian Bernard was elected as the new Imperator of A. Erler stated that he’d recently distanced himself from his masonic higher degrees. and work in the authentic way. former member of S. reorganization in 1990 when the Board dismissed its former Imperator.F. Meyrink’s Grandmastership was confirmed to Martin Erler by Meyrink’s widow.a.M.F. was active (or in the process of introducing the Order) “in many countries including Greece. 2001. see “History of the F.I. Erler also received the higher degrees of Egyptian Masonry.O.O.A.O.C.C.“Die große Legende vom Tempelbau“ [Ein Vergleich mit alten Quellen].” Around the year 2001 several Norwegian O. in the revival of rosicrucianism in post-war Germany.I. They make no silly claims.O. Martin Erler.R.O. Norway. for a big sum of money. Haraldur Erlendsson Filius Templi – email 2001.S. Dr. I think they are the real thing. He was also involved.C. Mr.O.A.I.(München: ORA 1969.R. inherited most of the Orders from Dantinne. It is also rumoured that A.C.A.M. a certain Dierkens (although the source is not sure whether Dierkens is his correct name). and German O. Strong (Sar Elaa) was initiated by Émile Dantinne and lives near Plymouth in the South of England.” (anonymous.operating quietly in restricted.M.R.R.R.I.I.C. that Erler told them that the O.O.F. among which “Das Symbol des Lebens im alten Ägypten“ [Eine Symbolgeschichtliche Studie] (München: ORA 1965) –and.”
. together with Eduard Munninger (at first).F.R. who’s now in his eighties. in 1990. (email-correspondences in 2002).O. 55 p. small groups. Erlendson is (i. had a great interest in taking over O. reorganization can be found in the essay “1915 Antiquus Mysticusque Ordo Rosae Crucis. 19) According to Marcel Roggemans. had affiliated himself with a number of initiatic orders and societies.). especially in his younger days.A. Whether the rituals are still worked in their original form within O.R. Haraldur Erlendsson Filius Templi.C.M. they are sincere and intellectual. It's said that there are small ritual differences but these are well accepted between them. “Comments are that SOFI and ORA both stick quite rigorously to the tradition as passed on through Mallinger and Dantinne.E. the ‘Society of Free Initiates’. is not known to me. A former member of the Order states that the S.
version 1. originally published in 1944
Milko Bogaard July 17.a Greek publication of “Die Große Legende Vom Tempelbau” * Martin Erler 1969 [ “The Great Legend Of The Building Of The Temple“]
Italian publication  of “Pythagore et les mystères” by Jean Mallinger.