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IntroductionStatistics_v13

# IntroductionStatistics_v13

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07/24/2011

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Between:

 Within:

groups

o

number

total

-

subects

o

number

total

...

1

1

1

3

2

1

!

!

within

within

df

n

n

n

df

1

-

groups

o

number

!

between

df

An Example: ANOVA

Set decision rule.

9

)

1

4

(

)

1

4

(

)

1

4

(

)

1

(

)

1

(

)

1

(

2

1

3

1

groups

o

number

05

.

3

2

1

!

!

!

!

!

!

!

n

n

n

df

df

within

between

E

An Example: ANOVA

Set the decision rule.

26

.

4

9

2

05

.

!

!

!

!

crit

within

between

F

df

df

E

An Example: ANOVA

Calculate the test statistic.

2

X

2

X

2

X

Grand Total: 104

Treatment A

Treatment B

Treatment C

7

49

12

144

8

64

6

36

8

64

10

100

5

25

9

81

12

144

6

36

11

121

10

100

T:24

146

T:40

410

T:40

408

n

T

X

SS

within

2

2

7

7

!

?

A20

400

400

144

964

4

40

4

40

4

24

408

410

146

2

2

2

!

!

¼
½

»

¬
­

«

!

within

SS

An Example: ANOVA

Calculate the test statistic.

2

X

2

X

2

X

Grand Total: 104

Treatment A

Treatment B

Treatment C

7

49

12

144

8

64

6

36

8

64

10

100

5

25

9

81

12

144

6

36

11

121

10

100

T:24

146

T:40

410

T:40

408

N

G

n

T

SS

between

2

2

7

!

67
.
42

33
.
901

400

400

144

12

)

104
(

4

40

4

40

4

24

2

2

2

2

!

!

!

between

SS

An Example: ANOVA

61

.

9

22

.

2

34

.

21

22

.

2

9

20

34

.

21

2

67

.

42

!

!

!

!

!

!

!

!

!

!

within

between

within

within

within

between

between

between

within

between

MS

MS

df

SS

MS

df

SS

MS

MS

MS

An Example: ANOVA

Determine if your result is significant.

±Reject H0, 9.61>4.26

± There is a significant difference between the treatments.

ANOVA Summary Table

±In the literature, the ANOVA results are often

summarized in a table.

Source

df SS MS F

Between Groups

2

42.67

21.34

9.61

Within Groups

9

20

2.22

Total

11

62.67

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