Modern Impacts to Ozone

1 Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
What are they? 1928:DuPont scientists develop CFCs
“ideal compounds” for refrigerants and propellants”

How do they impact the ozone layer?

cl F C cl F

cl FC F

cl

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Chlorofluorocarbons are created and used in refrigerators and air conditioners. Once released into the atmosphere. In the process chlorine is released to destroy the ozone molecules been a benefit to us. . These chlorofluorocarbons are not harmful to humans and have chlorofluorocarbons are bombarded and destroyed by ultraviolet rays.

2 Methyl Bromide • an effective pesticide. used to fumigate ag soil and products • ODP = 0.4 • production in US will end 12/31/2000 Usage • 60 million lbs /yr in US • Agricultural (75%) Strawberries • Stored products (11%) • Flame retardants (6%) • Pest management (6%) • Termite removal Chemical production (2%) .

storage and transport.3 Hydrogen Fuel Cells • Anticipate that 10% of all hydrogen manufactured will leak into the atmosphere during production. • Current loss is higher • Estimate: 60 million tons / year • Roughly doubles current input (all sources) Hydrogen is light—rises rapidly to stratosphere • Reacts with oxygen to form water • A “wetter” atmosphere would cool the lower stratosphere. especially around Poles • Increase in water vapor is catalyst for ozone depletion by freeing Cl free radicals .

Impacts • Ozone layer absorbs most of the harmful UV-B radiation. more UV-B means: • More melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers • More eye cataracts • Weakened immune systems • Reduced plant yields • Damage to ocean eco-ecosystems • More damage to plastics .

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