SECONDARY PARTS SECONDARY PARTS

OF A TRIANGLE OF A TRIANGLE
The The Median Median of a triangle of a triangle
is a segment whose is a segment whose
endpoints are a vertex endpoints are a vertex
of the triangle and the of the triangle and the
midpoint of the opposite midpoint of the opposite
side. side.
AA
X Y X Y
M centroid M centroid
B B
Z C Z C
CX, BY, CX, BY, and and AZ AZ are the medians. are the medians.
n n angle bisector angle bisector of a of a
triangle is a segment that triangle is a segment that
bisects the angle and bisects the angle and
whose endpoints a vertex whose endpoints a vertex
of the given angle and a of the given angle and a
point on the opposite side. point on the opposite side.
# #
X Y X Y
MM
incenter incenter
P Z C P Z C
!Y, RZ, & CX !Y, RZ, & CX are the angle bisectors are the angle bisectors
n n altitude altitude of a triangle is of a triangle is
a perpendicular segment a perpendicular segment
from a vertex of a triangle from a vertex of a triangle
to the line containing the to the line containing the
opposite side. opposite side.

X X
Y Y
M orthocenter M orthocenter
U Z V U Z V
Z , UX, & VY are the Altitudes Z , UX, & VY are the Altitudes
Altitudes Altitudes
AA
FF
B C D B C D
E E
!ER!ENDICUAR BISECTOR !ER!ENDICUAR BISECTOR
of a segment is a segment, of a segment is a segment,
ray or line that is ray or line that is
perpendicular to the perpendicular to the
segment oat its midpoint. segment oat its midpoint.
P P
N N
Y X Y X
circumcenter circumcenter MM
Q # Q #
$ T U $ T U
SX, NT,& UY SX, NT,& UY are the perpendicular bisectors are the perpendicular bisectors
dentify the following segments dentify the following segments
based on the given figure. based on the given figure.
AA
C C
DD
BB
E G E G
FF
AE = AE =
2 BG = 2 BG =
3 CF = 3 CF =
4 ED = 4 ED =
5 EG = 5 EG =
Draw the following secondary Draw the following secondary
parts of the triangle. parts of the triangle.
. . Draw a median to AB. Draw a median to AB.
2. 2. Draw an altitude to BC. Draw an altitude to BC.
3. 3. Draw an angle bisector of B. Draw an angle bisector of B.
4. 4. Draw a perpendicular Draw a perpendicular
bisector of BC bisector of BC
A A
BB CC
Solve each problem Solve each problem
. . In triangle ABC, CX is a median to In triangle ABC, CX is a median to
BA. If AB= cm. Find AX. BA. If AB= cm. Find AX.
AA
X X
C C BB
. . In triangle ABC, AY is an angle In triangle ABC, AY is an angle
bisector. If m BAY = 36 bisector. If m BAY = 36°°, find , find
m BAC. B m BAC. B
Y Y
C C
AA
. . Triangle ABC is isosceles with Triangle ABC is isosceles with
vertex angle B and BD is an altitude vertex angle B and BD is an altitude
to AC. I m ABD = 2 to AC. I m ABD = 2°° ,find m C. ,find m C.
BB
AA DD C C
4.Triangle ABC is isosceles with vertex 4.Triangle ABC is isosceles with vertex
angle A and AY is an angle bisector. angle A and AY is an angle bisector.
If m BAY = 40 If m BAY = 40°°, find m B. , find m B.
A A
B Y C B Y C
. In triangle ABC, BC AC. . In triangle ABC, BC AC.
If m A=42 If m A=42°°, find m B. , find m B.
AA
C C BB

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