QUIZ (CURRENT m.
BAN GALORE CENTRE
SINGLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1 In the circuit shown, eachresistances is 2
potential V1 as indicated in the circuit, is equal to
(A) 11 V 2 (B)-11V (C) 9V (0) - 9 V In the circuit shown, the value of R in ohm that will result in no current through the 30 V battery, is :
The maximum current in a galvanometer can be 10 mAo It's resistance is 10n. To convert it into an ammeter of 1 Amp. a resistor should be connected in q:..) !"iel±s, 0.H2 (B) parallel, 0.10 (C) series, 100 n (0) parallel, 10012. When a galvanometer is shunted with a 40 resistance, the deflection is reduced to 'one - fifth. If the galvanometer is further sh.unte~ with a 20 wire, the further reduction (find the ratio of decrease in current to the previous current) in the deflection will be (the main current remains the same). (A) (8/13) of the deflection when shunted with 4n only (B) (5/13) of the deflection when shunted with 40 only (C) (3/4) of the deflection when shunted with 40 omy (0) (3/13) of the deflection when shunted with 4fl only In the figure shown the current flowing through 2 R is : (A) from left to right (C) no current (8) from right to left (0) None of these
In a practical wheat stone bridge circuit as shown. when one more resistance of 100 parallel with unknown resistance' wire. Then value of ' x ' must be:
n is connected
x '. the~ ratio t'1/t2 become '2 '. f.1 is balance length, AS is a uniform
3 11 Two circular rings of identical radii and resistance of 36(2 each are placed in such a way that they cross each other's centre C.
n.02 O. each row having
(A) 2R R (C) 13
Two long coaxial and conducting cylinders of radius a and bare seperated by a material of conductivity (f and a constant potential difference V is maintained between them. each designed to draw P power from a certain voltage supply are joined in series and that combination is connected across that supply.
to a variable resistor whose value can vary from 4
A cell of emf E having an internal resistance' r' is connected to an external resistance R.25
A battery is suppling power to a tape-recorder by cable of resistance of 0. The power consumed by one bulb will be(A) n P (B) P (C) PIn (D) P/n2 To get maximum current through a resistance of 2. by a battery. per unit length of the cylinder flowing from one cylinder the other is :
(A) In(b/a) 14
4i't(f V (8) (b-e a)
21f(f V (C) In(bla)
2ila V (D) (b + a)
50V battery is supplying current of 10 amp when connected to a resistor. In second case it is connect at point C and zero deflection is observed at a length 30 cm from P. (A) 3.5 What are the values of n & m.
one can use' m' rows of cells.750
(C) 1. and C2 as shown in figure.5
'n' cells. An ideal cell of emf 20 volts is connected across AB. The internal resistance of each cell is 0. Then internal resistance of battery is : (A) 2. The potential difference' v' across the resistance R varies with R as shown by the curve: v A
(A) A 9
' n' identical light bulbs. 9 (C) 9.7
A battery of internal resistance 2
10 The resistance is initially set at 4 If the resistance is now increased then (A) power consumed by it will decrease (B) power consumed by it will increase (C) power consumed by it may increase or may decrease (D) power consumed will first increase men decrease.5
(B) 3. The power delivered by cell is (A) 80 watt (B) 100 watt (C) 120 watt (0) 200 watt Circuit for the measurement of resistance by potentiometer is shown.15 (B) 5.. If the battery is generating 50 W power at 5V. if the total number of cells is 45. Then the current.5 (D) 15. then power received by tape-recorder is : (A) 50W (8) 45 W (C) 30W (0)48 W
. The galvanometer _isfirst connected at point A and zero deflection is observed at length PJ 10 cm. Conducting joints' are made at intersection pointsAand B of the rings.
n is connected n. Then the unknown resistance X is :
n. If the efficiency of battery at this current is 25%.
The amount of heat
A charge passing through a resistor is varying with time as shown in the figure.i.-
20 Two cylindrical rods of same cross-section area and same length are connected in series to an idea'i cell as shown.16
In the shown wire fr. -I' ~
(A) (B) (C)
A spherical shell.
t = 2 mrn and radius R .5
(C) 5 X 10-12 n
(D) 5 x 10-11 o
per unit volume 2" and n
Two cylindrical respectively
rods of uniform cross-section
area A and 2A.A and B IS :
has a resistance R. A current I flows through them in steady state.18
. each side of a s~uare (the s~allest resistance of the clrcuit between the pomts.·its
potential than The resistance
inside surface is !kept at a lower
its outside surface.
. has thickness
. Then the ratio of dri:ft velocity drift velocity of elecuon in the right rod is
of free electron in left rod to
(J -. R.
offered by the shell is equal to -
. In an arrangement. made of material of electrical conductivity ~ 0 (O-m t1. Then the variation of potential at any point P distant x from left end of combined rod system is given by. generated in time' t ' is best represented (as a function of time) by:
IA)"L. The equivalent
.:: fO em.=v '
. The resistivity of left rod is p and that of right rod is 2p. having free electrons
(6) Average current through the reSistor is SA. A variable current flows through a 1n resistor for 2 seconds. + r2
. V p and V Q are the potential at P and Q respectively..
. If the length of the resistor is doubled by stretching it then (A) current will become four times.
(A) The electric (8) The electric (C) The thermal (D) The thermal .24
field at A is more field at 6 is more power generated power generated
than at 6. (C) Total heat produced in the. (0) the product of the current density and conductance will become half. (A) The potential difference across both the cells will be equal (8) One of the cell. Time dependence of the current is shown in the graph. (C) the thermal power produced by the resistor will become one fourth . and El and internal resistances r.22
In the circuit shown in figure (A) power supplied by the battery is 200 'Watt (8) current flowing in the circuit is 5 A (C) . at B is more than at A in an element of small same width. A steady Current J flows in it. (C) The potential difference across one of the cells will be gr. resistor is 50 J.potential difference across 4 Q resistance is equal to the potential difference across resistance (0) current in wire AS is zero
Consider a resistor of uniform cross section area connected to a battery of internal resistence zero.eater than its emf. (D) Maximum power during the now of current is 1100 W. than at A.23
'In the figure a conductor of non-uniform
is shown. (A) Total charge flown through the' resistor is 10 C.
In the figure shown: (All batteries are ideal)
(A) currentihrouen (8) current through (C) power supplied (0) power supplied 25
25 V cell is 20 A 25 V cell is 1i2.SA 'by 20 V cell is 20 W by 20 V cell is .21
Two cells of unequal em's E. (6) the electric field in the wire wil become half..MULTIPLE
. and r2 are joined as shown in figure.
(0) Vp -
E2r. atA is more than at B in an element of small same width. will supply energy to the other cell.
Statement-2 is False" Statement-2 The current density:. Statement-2 False. STATEMENT-2
E at that
: A point charge when released from rest in a region having only electrostatic
IS True. Slatement-2
is True. Then the electric power delivered to resistor of reststance R is independent of value of resistance R2.. Statement-2 is a correct explanation for Statement·1. Statement-2
is NOT a correct explanation
bya resistor of constant resistance is True. Slatement~2 is NOT a correct explanation for Statement·1
is False is True
(e) Statement-1 is True" Statement-2 (0) Statement-1 is False" Statement-2
one fourth of what it was before stretching
lc is stretched
length nfl>' then its resistance becomes n2 times of what it was before stretching the wire( the volume 01 wire is k.. Statement-2 is false is True at any point in ohmic resistor ils in direction of electriC field
: Power consumed
(A) Statement-1 is True. (8) Statement·1 ls True. Finally drift velocity of free electron is directly proportional
cutten! and inversely proportional: to crosssectlcn area of current carrying wire. is False.29. the power delivered to the
resistor remains constant.
is NOT a correct explanation for Statement· 1
STAT EM ENT -1 : Awire of uniform after stretching STATEMENT-2 the wire becomes
cross section and uniform resitivity keeping resitivity
across an ideal cell. Sta. Statement-2 is False is True . Statement-2 is True.ld always
moves along erectoc lines of force..
by resistance R is macmum when R = r. Statement-2
is a correct explanation
(9) Statement-1 is True. Statement-2 is True.
is True . Statement-2 . STATEMENl. and uniform cross-section)
The drift velocity of electrons the wire . power consllmed
STATEMENT-2 it is maximum. can be varied( but R2 is always non-zero). Further at constant potential difference.-1 is True. Statement-2 is False
for Staternent-j for Stalement-1
is NOT a correct explanation
(C) Statement-1 (0) Statement-1-is
•30. Statement-2 is True.·27. (A) statemeot-t ts True. Statement-2 (C) Statement-1 is True. Statement-2
(D) Statement-1 .
STATEMENT-2 (A) Statement-1
across a fixed resistance is unchanged. Statement-2 is True. Staternent-z is True.tement-2 is True.
Now the length of the wire is doubled : If a wire ( of uniform
volume of wire constant. the resistor of resistance R. has fixed resistance and the resistance of resistor R. current is inversely proportional to resistance.
nue.ept constant in stretching process). Statement-2 is a correct explanation
(B) Staternent-t is True.
STATEM ENT -1 : When an external resistor of resistance
across a celli of internal resistance r)
R is maximum when current through for Statemenl·1. for Statement. Statement-2
(B) Statement-1 (D) Statemenl-1
is a correct explanation
STAJEM ENT -1 : In the circuit shown both
eens are ideal and of fixed emf.
.' u. . In the circuit shown. (a) At what distance from the point.MATCH THI! COLUMN .34
Consider the potentiometer circuit arranged as in figure.: P2 = 2 : 1 and AI : ~ = 1 : 2 respectively~ Column II gives corresponding results.
(A) Equivalent resistance across the battery (8) Power dissipated by left resistance R (C) Voltmeter reading (O)Ammeter reading
(p) Remains same (q) Increases (r) decreases (s) Becomes zero.
.32. what will be the current in the galvanometer? r
..itially closed as shown.
31 Column I gives physical quantities of a situation in w:hicha current i passes through two rods 1 and II of eQual length that are joined. match the parameter of column I with the effects in column II. resistivity (p) and cross-section area (A) of both are in ratio n. When switch S is opened. battery. The ratio of free electron density (n). 5 II
Drift velocity of free electron in rod 1 Drift velocity of free electron in rod II Electric field in rod ( Electri~ field in rod II Potential difference across rod ( Potentia'i difference across rod II Average time taken by free . : n2 = 2 : 1. ammeter and voltmeter are ideal and the
switch Sis in. Match the ratios in Column 1 with the values in Column II and indicate your answer by darkening appro. The potentiometer wire is 600 em long.
I. P. in series.
. .priate bubbles in the 4 x 4 matrix given in the OMR. B
Column (p) 0.electron to move from A to B Average time taken by free electron to move from B to C
Find current in tne branch CD of the circuit (in ampere). A should the jockey touch the wire to get zero deflection in the galvanometer? (b) If the jockey touches the wire at 9'distance of 560 em from A.
The internai resistance of the ammeter and oUhe cells should be neglected .37
In the circuit diagram shown find the current through the 1
n resistor .40
. Relation between current in conductor and time is shown in figure then determine.
.gh the conductor Write expression of current in terms of time If reSistance of conductor is'R then total heat diissipated across resistance R is
In the circuit shown all five resistors have the same value 200 ohms and each cell has an emf 3 vohs.otalcharge flow throu. E2· The ammeter indicates a current of SOmA. 50n and R3 20 n and cells of emfs E.39
The efficiency of a cell when connected to a resistance R is 60%. What will be lits efficiency if Ihe ext. R2.35
The circuit shown in the figure contains three resistors R. =1 OOQ. AU resistors are in ohms.ernal resistance Is increased to six times .36
All batteries are having emf 10 volt and internal resistance negligible.::: 2V &. Find the open circuit voltage and the short circuit current for the terminals A and B.38 .
. Calculate the current in the right most 20 resistor .
(a) (b) (c) . Determine the currents in the resistors and the emf ofthe second cell.
a.r-.0 V. The resistance R~ is equal to :
(C) 3Q n
. current is assumed to be negative when the direction of the current through the battery is opposite the direction of that battery's emf. has value
(A) 10 Q (A) 10 n (8) 20 (8) 20
['. EMF El of battery 1 has a fixed value. (8) R < (C) R = Rio. (direction of emf is from negative to positive)
:.. nd the actual value R is a (A) R > R.
The relation between R. both batteries are ideal.4
. The vatue of emf El is
(A) 8 V (8) 6 V (C) 4 V
i'. of the
1 k Q and that of ammeter is Rc = 1 of R (the value of R is nearly 1011) is: (B) non zero but equal in both cases (D) more in circuit B
u. Ra If the resistance of voltmeter is R" percentage error in the measurement (A) zero in both cases (C) more in circuit A
upon E and r.0 V and 10. The resistance R.
The relation between Ra and the actual value R is : (A) R < Ra (8) R > RQ (C) R ..
45. The internal resistances of the voltmeter and the ammeter (Rv and RGrespectively) are finite and non zero. -._ ~
~0. Consider the circuIts below..
. but emf E2 of battery 2 can be varied between 1..COMPREHENSION
value of an unknown resistor is calculated using the formula R:::: V where V and J be the
readings of the voltmeter and the ammeter respectively.2 44.
upon E and r.o.41 r Figure (B) r
RA and R" be the calculated values in the two cases A and 8 respectively..
Figure (A) Let . But for both plots.2
In the circuit given below. The graph gives the currents through the two batteries as a function of E2• but are not marked as which plot corresponds to which battery.