Developing Life Cycle Assessment How to Use It Below is the step by step approach used to carry out the

Life Cycle Assessment:1. Goal Definition and Scope y y y y Establish purpose and goal Define decision criteria, function and functional unit Define system boundaries (life cycle stages, time, place«etc) Determine required data quality

2. Inventory Analysis y y y y y Make flow chart classifying events in a product¶s life cycle Determine all mass and energy inputs and outputs Collect relevant data Make assumption for missing data Establish material and energy balance for each stage and event

Figure 1: Input/output diagram for single stage or unit operation

production. time coffee is warmed y System boundaries -Five years of use. equivalent CO2 produced y Function of coffee maker / Functional units -Cups of coffee poured.3. y Decision criteria -Total energy consumed. we have chosen the domestic coffee maker as an example to perform the Life Cycle Assessment. Improvement Analysis y Identify areas and opportunities for improvement y Evaluate with respect to the original goal definition y Target lifecycle areas/processes/events with large impacts y Identify what are the resources required and risks involved Example of Life Cycle Assessment In this study. Following are the steps to evaluate it:Goal Definition and Scope y Purpose of LCA . use and end-of-life stages . Impact Analysis y Define impact categories y Determine which loads affect different impact categories y Assign indicators to impact categories y Weigh importance of each category 4. Asia.Determine how to improve the environmental performance of a coffee maker.

Inventory Analysis y Understand the product components and materials Figure 2: Components of the domestic coffee maker y Flow chart for domestic coffee maker Figure 3: Flow chart for domestic coffee maker .

y Lifecycle inventory of a domestic coffee maker Figure 4: Lifecycle inventory of a domestic coffee maker Impact Analysis Figure 5: Impact analysis on the production of a domestic coffee maker .

Figure 6: Impact analysis on the use of a domestic coffee maker Figure 7: Impact analysis on the disposal of a domestic coffee maker Improvement Analysis y y Reduce the electricity required to operate the coffee maker Use more environmental friendly material rather than polystyrene .

ppt .References

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