PHARMACOLOGIC SHEET

DRUG
Domperidone (Motillium) 1 tab TID

ACTION
Antidopaminergic Antiemetic

INDICATION/S
 Symptomatic management of upper gastrointestinal motility disorders associated with chronic and subacute gastritis and diabetic gastroparesis. May also be used to prevent gastrointestinal symptoms associated with the use of dopamine agonist antiparkinsonian agents. 

CONTRAINDICATIONS
Contraindicated in patients with known sensitivity or intolerance to the drug. Domperidone should not be used whenever gastrointestinal stimulation might be dangerous, i.e., gastrointestinal hemorrhage, mechanical obstruction or perforation. Also contraindicated in patients with a prolactinreleasing pituitary tumor (prolactinoma). 

ADVERSE EFECTS
Serum prolactin level may increase resulting in galactorrhoea in females (increasing of milk production, probably by increasing prolactin production by the pituitary gland) & less frequently gynaecomastia in males. CNS: dry mouth (1.9%), headache/migraine (1.2%), insomnia, nervousness, dizziness, thirst, lethargy, irritability (all<1%). Gastrointestinal (2.4%): abdominal cramps, diarrhea, regurgitation, changes in appetite, nausea, heartburn, constipation (all<1%). Endocrinological (1.3%): hot flushes, mastalgia, galactorrhea, gynecomastia, menstrual irregularities. Mucocutaneous (1.1%): rash, pruritus, urticaria, stomatitis, conjunctivitis. Urinary (0.8%): urinary frequency, dysuria. Cardiovascular (0.5%):

NURSING RESPONSIBILITIES
Teaching points:  Proper dosing: Missed dose: Take as soon as possible; not taking if almost time for next scheduled dose; not doubling doses.  Obtaining medical attention if fainting, dizziness, irregular heartbeat or pulse, or other unusual symptoms occur.

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elevation of AST. Miscellaneous (0.1%): drug intolerance. Musculoskeletal (0. they reverse spontaneously as soon as treatment is stopped. the possible occurrence of neurological side effects cannot be excluded. Laboratory parameters: elevated serum prolactin. .    edema. asthenia. palpitations.1%): leg cramps. Extrapyramidal phenomena are rare in adults. ALT and cholesterol (all<1%). When the blood-brain barrier is immature (as in infants) or impaired.

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