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An Introduction to Phonetics Birjandi&Salmani-nodoushanl

An Introduction to Phonetics Birjandi&Salmani-nodoushanl

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Published by Mehdi Karami

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Published by: Mehdi Karami on Jul 24, 2011
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11/03/2012

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Decide whether the following statements are true or false. Mark Ⓕ for false
and Ⓣ for true statements.

01 Phonetics is concerned with the production, physical nature, and
perception of speech sounds.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

02 The main fields of phonetics and phonology are experimental
phonetics, articulatory phonetics, acoustic phonetics, auditory
phonetics, and phonemics.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

03 The theory of the universal characteristics of all phonemic
systems was developed by Roman Jacobson.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

04 Because of its emphasis on the five senses, Kantian philosophy
helped the emergence of phonetics.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

05 Phonology is the study of all aspects of the sounds and sound
system of a language.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

06 The major difference between phonetics and phonology is that
phonetics is concerned with the description of speech sounds
while phonology is concerned with the description of the sound
system of language.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

07 The branch of phonetics that has to do with the study of how the
human vocal organ produces speech sounds is called auditory
phonetics.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

CHAPTER ONE

7

08 Phonetics and phonemics are the sub-branches of phonology.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

09 Phonemics focuses on how sounds function in a particular
language.

Ⓣ Ⓕ

10 American structuralism is the school of linguistics which had the
most influence on the emergence and development of phonology. Ⓣ Ⓕ

CHAPTER ONE

8

CHAPTER TWO
ARTICULATORY PHONETICS: RUDIMENTS

1. INTRODUCTION
Articulatory phonetics describes speech sounds genetically—that is, with
respect to the ways by which the vocal organs modify the air stream in the
mouth, nose, and throat in order to produce a sound. To date, articulatory
phonetics has witnessed two major movements: (a) traditional phonetics, and
(b) modern or systematic phonetics. These movements will be discussed in
detail in the following chapters. This chapter will focus on the rudimentary
topics which are crucial to the understanding of articulatory phonetics.

To show how a speech sound is articulated, all the vocal activities involved in
the production of a sound need not be described. Only a selection of them such
as the place and manner of articulation is enough. Phonetic symbols and their
articulatory definitions are abbreviated descriptions of these selected activities.
The symbols most commonly used are those adopted by the International
Phonetic Association (IPA) and are written in brackets or between slant lines.
An understanding of articulatory phonetics requires an understanding of a
number of basic concepts usually employed by phoneticians in their discussion
of phonetics.

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