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Measurement and Conversion Questions

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions

Measurement and Conversion Questions

501

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NEW YORK

Copyright © 2004 LearningExpress All rights reserved under International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Published in the United States by Learning Express, LLC, New York. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: 501 measurement and conversion questions / LearningExpress.— 1st ed. p. cm. ISBN 1-57685-520-1 1. Measurement—Problems, exercises, etc. I. Title: Five hundred and one measurement and conversion questions. II. Title: Five hundred one measurement and conversion. III. LearningExpress (Organization) QA465.A14 2004 516’.15—dc22 2004003125 Printed in the United States of America 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 First Edition ISBN 1-57685-520-1 For more information or to place an order, contact LearningExpress at: 55 Broadway 8th Floor New York, NY 10006 Or visit us at: www.learnatest.com

The LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team is comprised of experts in test preparation. Connecticut Elizabeth Chesla English Instructor Coordinator of Technical and Professional Communication Program Polytechnic University. New Jersey Ashley Clarke Former Math and Science Teacher Math Consultant San Diego. New York Cares New York. New York Sandy Gade Project Editor LearningExpress New York. Grade 8 Dodd Middle School Cheshire. New York Darren Dunn English Teacher Riverhead School District Riverhead. California Brigit Dermott Freelance Writer English Tutor. Annunziata Freelance Writer New York. as well as educators and teachers who specialize in language arts and math. New York Barbara Fine English Instructor Secondary Reading Specialist Setauket. Brooklyn South Orange. New York . New York Lara Bohlke Middle School Math Teacher. LearningExpress Skill Builder in Focus Writing Team Marco A.

James. New York Kerry McLean Project Editor Math Tutor Shirley. Grade 7 Robert Moss Middle School North Babylon School District North Babylon. West Virginia Catherine V. New York Kimberly Moroz English Instructor Wilmington College New Castle. New York Diane Kampf Middle School English Teacher. Deleware William Recco Middle School Math Teacher. New York . New York Colleen Schultz Middle School Math Teacher. Jeremko Math Teacher Expert Math Reviewer Vestal. Grade 8 New York Shoreham/Wading River School District Math Tutor St. Grade 8 Vestal Central School District Math Tutor and Teacher Mentor Vestal. New York Noah Kravitz Curriculum and Technology Specialist New York.Melinda Grove Adjunct Professor Quinnipiac University and Naugatuck Valley Community College Math Consultant Karen Hunter Project Editor Elkview. New York Adjunct Assistant Professor Suffolk Community College Suffolk.

Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Introduction Measurement—Perimeter Measurement—Area Measurement—Volume Measurement—Angles and Arc Conversion—Time Conversion—Dollars and Cents Conversion—Fractions. Area. and Volume Conversion—Metric and Standard Units: Temperature and Weight ix 1 21 45 71 101 113 125 159 173 205 . Decimals. and Percents Conversion—Scientiﬁc Notation and Decimals Conversion—Metric and Standard Units: Length.

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or on a vocational or professional exam. 501 Measurement and Conversion Questions is designed for many audiences. or a nurse? And the list goes on and on. ix . GRE. having a solid grasp of the knowledge contained in this book is fundamental to scoring higher on the math portions of the SAT. it can be used to supplement current instruction in a math class. you know how critical good measurement and conversion skills are. because measurement and conversion questions are not just found in the classroom or on standardized tests. If you plan on entering one of the trades. 501 Measurement and Conversion Questions is great for anyone who has ever taken a math course and wants to refresh and revive forgotten skills. It provides 501 problems to help solidify your understanding of a variety of concepts. ACT. a cashier. Or. they abound in every aspect of life and in virtually every profession.Introduction Why Should I Use This Book? This book was created to provide you with targeted review and practice in the most essential measurement and conversions skills. but did you know that these skills are just as essential for being a ﬁreﬁghter. a businessperson. And of course. In addition.

The measurements chapters are Perimeter. It’s not the answer that matters most—it’s the process and the reasoning skills that you want to master. The conversion chapters are Dollars and Cents. a thorough step-by-step explanation is provided. Scientiﬁc Notation and Decimals.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions How to Use This Book First. As you complete the problems in this book. You can do it! When you achieve measurement and conversion success. you become more skillful with practice. Like an athlete preparing for the next season or a musician warming up for a concert. Make the commitment to improve your measurement and conversion skills. The structure of these chapters follows a common sequence of math concepts. look at the table of contents to see the types of measurement and conversion topics covered in this book. The purpose of drill and skill practice is to make you proﬁcient at solving problems. if your skills are just rusty. you will undoubtedly want to check your answers against the answer explanation section at the end of each chapter. Metric and Standard Units: Length. This will help you understand the problem-solving process. Why you do a problem is as important as how you do it. For problems that require numerous steps. and Percents. make a commitment to spend the time you need to do a good job. Decimals. you may want to jump around from topic to topic. Area. However. and Angles and Arc. you feel you need more practice. So sharpen your pencil and practice! x . and Volume. you have laid the foundation for future challenges and success. If you truly want to be successful. It’s always a good idea to use it to check your calculations. or if you are using this book to supplement topics you are currently learning. Area. If. do the problems over. and work for understanding. Make a Commitment Success does not come without effort. and don’t forget to keep lots of scrap paper on hand. after completing all the problems in a section. The book is organized into four measurement chapters and six conversion chapters. Volume. You will probably want to have a calculator handy as you work through some of the sections. Every problem in 501 Measurement and Conversion Questions has a complete answer explanation. Fractions. You may want to follow the sequence because the concepts grow more advanced as the book progresses. and Metric and Standard Units: Temperature and Weight.

You can think of perimeter as being a boundary for a polygon. These are problems that involve measuring the distance around a geometric shape. Study the formulas before moving on to working the problems in this section. Circumference is the name given to the perimeter of a circle. Read each question carefully and always double check your answer. When you ﬁnish. carefully read over the answer explanations.Measurement— Perimeter This chapter starts with the most basic of the measurements—perimeter. 1 1 . Remember that perimeter is an addition concept.

Square with side length s s P=s+s+s+s Rectangle with length l and width w l w P=l+l+w+w Circle with diameter d Note: The distance around a circle is called the circumference rather than the perimeter. add the lengths of all sides of the object. } d C = πd 2 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas To ﬁnd the perimeter of any object.

4 yards c. 15 meters 2. How many yards of fence does she need? a. 12π feet 6π feet 3π feet 36π feet 48π feet 3. Find the circumference of the circle below. c. 6 meters c. Find the perimeter of a rectangle with length 4 meters and width 1 meter. d. 10 yards 3 . 8 meters d. Each side of the garden measures 2 yards. a. 2 yards b. Martha wants to enclose her garden with a fence. 5 meters b. 10 meters e. e. 8 yards e. 6 ft a. 6 yards d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 1. b. Martha’s garden is a square.

25 inches 32 inches 30 inches 38 inches 40 inches 5. b. The diameter of a circular swimming pool is 16 feet.48 feet c. Find the perimeter of the regular hexagon below. 50. 25.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 4. 9 km 18 km 24 km 30 km 45 km 4 . b. c.12 feet d. d. 200. What is the perimeter of the ﬁgure below? 4 in 5 in 5 in 2 in 9 in a. 803. d. What is the circumference of the pool? a. 100. e. 3 km a.96 feet e. c. e.84 feet 6.24 feet b.

6. c. 8 cm 21 cm 15 cm 75 cm 16 cm 9. kilometers e. miles 8. When measuring the perimeter of a house. b. e. 3 cm 3 cm 5 cm 5 cm a. centimeters b. meters d.6 kilometers c. what unit would you use to report the results? a. 22 kilometers b. 11 kilometers e. The perimeter of a square is 44 kilometers. 176 kilometers d. 88 kilometers 5 . d. Find the perimeter of the ﬁgure below.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 7. What is the length of one side of the square? a. inches c.

Find the circumference of the circle below. 2m 10 m 5m 8m a. thermometer d. 20 m 22 m 25 m 27 m 31 m 6 . b. d. e. tape measure c. b. e. d. When measuring the perimeter of a kitchen table. c. protractor e. which measurement tool should you use? a. 14 yds a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 10. barometer 12. 14π yards 7π yards 49π yards 196π yards 28π yards 11. scale b. c. Find the perimeter of the quadrilateral below.

b.100 feet 7 . b. 22.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 13. What is the perimeter of a baseball diamond if the distance between bases is 90 feet? 90 ft 90 ft 90 ft 90 ft a.5 feet 30 feet 90 feet 360 feet 8. Find the length of the missing side. d. d. 4 ft 6 ft 8 ft 10 ft 12 ft 14. The perimeter of the ﬁgure below is 28 feet. e. c. e. 8 ft ? P = 28 ft 7 ft 9 ft a. c.

e. c. The perimeter of a rectangle is 38 cm. millimeters b. 8m a. what unit would you use to report the results? a. If the length of the rectangle is 12 cm. c. ﬁnd the width.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 15. 32 m 16 m 20 m 48 m 40 m 8 . 7 cm 14 cm 24 cm 26 cm 18 cm 17. b. d. kilograms 16. 12 cm P = 38 cm w a. When measuring the perimeter of desk. d. e. pounds c. inches d. miles e. Find the perimeter of the regular pentagon below. b.

b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 18. When measuring the perimeter of a book. which measurement tool should you use? a. Find the circumference of a circle with a radius of 20 miles. protractor c.6 miles 1256 miles 1600 miles 31. b.4 miles 21. 18 feet b. c. 26 feet c. thermometer e. 30 cm 29 cm 60 cm 53 cm 44 cm 9 . ruler d. scale b. How much fencing does Jason need to enclose the garden? a. a. d. 36 feet d. e. The garden measures 8 feet by 10 feet. 62. 8 cm 8 cm 7 cm 16 cm 14 cm a. c. Find the perimeter of the shape below.8 miles 125. e. calculator 19. d. 64 feet e. 80 feet 20. Jason is calculating the amount of fencing he needs to enclose his rectangular garden.

153. 21. 43. How much lace does the decorator need? a. Find the length of the deck if the width is 10 feet. b. d. c. kilograms c. 20 feet 25.86 inches e. When measuring the border (perimeter) of the United States. 615. 60 feet d. 15 feet b. 10 feet e. meters d. inches b. e. 9π cm 18π cm 36π cm 81π cm 324π cm 10 .94 inches d. Find the circumference of the circle below. The pillow has a diameter of 14 inches. 65. miles 24. a.44 inches 23. what unit would you use to report the results? a.96 inches c. 9 cm a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 22. A decorator wants to put lace around a circular pillow. tons e. 40 feet c.98 inches b. The perimeter of Kim’s rectangular deck is 50 feet.

5 miles.25 miles b. d.75 miles. Find the distance around the shape below. the third side was 1.04 ft 49. the second side was 1.0 mile. The ﬁrst side was 0. 4.84 ft 113. the fourth side was 0.68 ft 18. 7.5 miles e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 26. c. 30.25 miles 11 .5 miles. George walked around the perimeter of Doolittle Park.5 miles. e. d. b. c.84 ft 37. Find the perimeter of the regular hexagon below with side length 4 kilometers.25 miles d. 6. b. What is the perimeter of the park? a. He kept track of the distance walked on each of the ﬁve sides of the park.68 ft 27. 5. 4 km a. 8 km 12 km 16 km 20 km 24 km 28. 12 ft a. 5 miles c. and the ﬁfth side was 1. e.

a. b. e. c. what measurement tool should you use? a. e. scale b. 26 inches 32 inches 34 inches 36 inches 46 inches 30. Find the length if the width is 5 inches.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 29. A rectangular board has a perimeter of 30 inches. Find the perimeter of the ﬁgure below. 5 inches 32. Find the circumference of a circle with a radius of 9 inches. a. c. 14 in 12 in 20 in a. b. 20 inches c. thermometer e. ruler d. 10 inches d. d. protractor c. tape measure 12 . 25 inches b. 15 inches e. When measuring the perimeter of an in-ground pool. 9π inches 3π inches 18π inches 81π inches 324π inches 31. d.

d.54 meters 379. d. 10 feet b. Jenny wants to put a border around her rectangular ﬂower garden. Find the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 22 meters. 14 inches 49 inches 28 inches 21 inches 53 inches 35.14 meters 34. 20 feet c. 7 in a. c.08 meters 138. Find the perimeter of the garden. e. 69. 16 feet 13 . 24 feet d. c. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 33. a. 36 feet e. e.16 meters 34. The garden measures 4 feet by 6 feet. Find the perimeter of the equilateral triangle below. b. a.94 meters 245.

gallons c. b. inches b. 168 inches e. what units would you use to report the results? a. e. grams 38.28 cm 12. tons d. 52 inches c.34 cm 14 . Find the perimeter of a rectangle that measures 14 inches by 12 inches.56 cm 9. Find the perimeter of the ﬁgure below. 3. d. Find the circumference of a circle with a radius of 1 cm. d. meters e. 10 cm 5 cm 5 cm 12 cm a. a. 196 inches 39. a. b. c. When measuring the perimeter of an ofﬁce building. c. 26 inches b.14 cm 6. 144 inches d.14 cm 14. e. 20 cm 22 cm 32 cm 42 cm 50 cm 37.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 36.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 40. The perimeter of the ﬁgure below is 25 inches. e. Find the length of the missing side. 8 inches 7 inches 6 inches 5 inches 4 inches 15 . d. b. c. 8 in P = 25 in 10 in ? a.

Centimeters and inches are too small and kilometers and miles are too large. All sides of a square are the same length. The missing side is the same as the 5 inch side plus the 2 inch side put together (see ﬁgure below). 7. Therefore. The formula for circumference is C = πd. P = 4 + 4 + 1 + 1. all four sides of the square are 2 yards. ﬁnd the sum of all four sides. C = π(12) which is equivalent to 12π feet.24 feet. d. Therefore. In other words.14)(16) = 50. Find the sum of all sides of the ﬁgure. the length of the side is 7 inches. b. a. The question states that it is a regular hexagon which means that all sides are the same length. c. Meters are the appropriate unit for measuring the perimeter of a house. Double the radius to ﬁnd the diameter. 2. 5 in 7 in 2 in 5 in 2 in 5. The distance around the square is 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8 yards. Therefore. The formula for the circumference of a circle is C = πd. 4. The left side is not labeled so you must ﬁgure out the length of that side before ﬁnding the sum. each side is 3 km. To ﬁnd the perimeter of a rectangle. 16 . the diameter is 12 feet. Use 3. a. P = 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 18 km. d. Next. The perimeter is 10 meters. The radius (half way across the circle) is given. b. 6. add all of the sides to ﬁnd the perimeter. Find the sum of all the sides of the hexagon. 3.14 for π. P = 7 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 2 + 9 = 32 inches.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 1. C = (3.

A protractor measures angles. A thermometer measures temperature. 9. b. a. c. A thermometer measures temperature. c. 44 ÷ 4 = 11 kilometers. the width is 7 cm. Find the sum of the side lengths. 38 = 12 + 12 + w + w. Millimeters are too small. d. 16. Substitute the given information into the equation. 18. The diameter of the circle is 14 yards. All four sides must add to 28. Pounds measure weight. 4 more feet are needed to make 28 feet. d. Inches are the appropriate unit to measure the perimeter of a desk. P = 10 + 8 + 10 + 8 = 36 feet. c. Find the sum of the lengths of all 4 sides of the garden. P = 3 + 3 + 5 + 5 = 16 cm. P = 90 + 90 + 90 + 90 = 360 ft. 17. A square has four equal sides. 13. Therefore. 17 . The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P = l + l + w + w. 38 = 24 + w + w. Miles are too large. 10. A scale measures weight. The formula for circumference is C = πd. e. A barometer measures atmospheric pressure. A regular pentagon has ﬁve sides that are all the same length. 19. the widths must add to 14 cm. 14. Find the sum of the four sides. 12. Find the sum of all the side lengths. Kilograms are used to measure weight. A scale measures weight. Since the widths are the same. A ruler is the appropriate tool. the perimeter is P = 8 + 8 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 40 m. a. The three given sides add to 24 feet (8 + 7 + 9 = 24). c. a. The length of the missing side is 4 feet. e. A tape measure is used to measure length and is appropriate to use to measure the length of a table. In order to have a sum of 38. Since all 5 sides have a length of 8 m.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 8. C = π(14) which is equivalent to 14π yards. 11. A protractor measures angles. A calculator makes mathematical calculations such as addition or multiplication. Divide the perimeter by 4 to ﬁnd the length of a side. 15. P = 2 + 10 + 8 + 5 = 25 m.

a.14)(14) = 43. each one is 15 feet (30 ÷ 2 = 15). To ﬁnd the diameter. The formula for circumference is C = πd.14 for π. the diameter is 18 cm. b. a. 12 + 18. The perimeter is 50 feet and the width is 10 feet. C = (3. ? 7 cm 14 cm 7 cm 7 cm 22. the two lengths must add to 30 feet in order to get the perimeter of 50 feet.14)(40) = 21. 23.84 feet. Miles are the appropriate unit. Inches and meters are too small. The rounded part of the shape is half of a circle with diameter 12 feet. The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P = l + l + w + w.68. e. 26. Find the circumference of a full circle and divide it by two. The formula for circumference of a circle is C = πd.14 for π. The radius is 9 cm. Kilograms and tons measure weight. Use 3. b. 25.84 = 30. One side is missing. double the radius (20 125. Therefore. Half of this circumference is 18. P = 8 + 7 + 8 + 14 + 16 + 7 = 60 cm. To ﬁnd the missing side. then add the straight part of the shape which is 12 ft.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 20.14)(12) = 37. Since both lengths are the same. C = (3. the missing side must also be 7 cm.96 inches. Therefore. 50 = l + l + 10 + 10. Find the sum of all the sides in the ﬁgure. c. notice that the side length of 7 cm and the missing side add together to make the side length of 14 cm (see ﬁgure below). 18 .6 miles. C = π(18) which is equivalent to 18π cm. b. The formula for circumference is C = πd. Therefore. C = (3.84 (37. 24. Add the straight part to the rounded part.68 ÷ 2). 2 = 40) Use 3.

b. c. The formula for circumference of a circle is C = πd.75 + 1. c. a. The radius is 1 cm. Use 3. Substitute in the given information. Find the perimeter by adding all the side lengths together. 38. Find the sum of all three sides. Find the sum of all four sides of the rectangle. Double the radius to ﬁnd the diameter. 32. each length is 10 inches. Use 3. A thermometer measures temperature. A ruler is too small. The formula for circumference is C = πd. P = 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 24 km. The diameter is double the radius. all six sides of the hexagon are 4 km. The formula for circumference is C = πd. 28. The radius of the circle is 9 inches. Find the sum of all ﬁve sides.5 + 0.14 for π. P = 0. P = 5 + 10 + 5 + 12 = 32 cm. P = 4 + 4 + 6 + 6 = 20 feet. 29. e. Meters are the appropriate unit of measure.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 27.14)(2) = 6. The diameter is 2 cm. e. C = (3. Since the lengths are equal. P = 14 + 12 + 20 = 46 in. 18 inches. 30 = l + l + 5 + 5. 31. c. A tape measure is the appropriate tool. 19 .5 + 1. A regular hexagon has six sides of equal length.0 + 1.25 miles. All three sides of an equilateral triangle are the same length. d. a. Find the perimeter by adding all three side lengths.14 for π. A protractor measures angles. Inches are too small. 37. 34. 36. Gallons measure volume. e. Find the sum of all four sides of the rectangle. b. C = (3. A scale measures weight.14)(22) = 69. Therefore.5 = 5. 30. Find the sum of the four sides of the trapezoid. the circumference is 18π inches. 35. The two lengths must add to 20 to make a perimeter of 30 inches. Tons and grams measure weight. b.28 cm. d. Therefore. 33. P = 14 + 14 + 12 + 12 = 52 inches.08 meters. The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P = l + l + w + w. P = 7 + 7 + 7 = 21 inches. 39.

b. the remaining side must be 7 inches. 7 + 8 + 10 = 25.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 40. Therefore. 20 . The sum of the two given sides is 18 inches. The sum of the three sides must be 25 inches.

As always. You should have these formulas memorized. doublecheck your answers.Measurement— Area This chapter offers practice in the common measurement of area. Examine the formulas. Area is a multiplication concept. The answer explanations that follow the questions will provide one or more correct methods of solution. 2 21 . area is two measurement quantities that are multiplied together to yield a measurement in square units. which includes the area formulas for the basic geometric polygons. Area is the amount of square units that it takes to cover a polygon. Generally speaking.

where b = the base and h = the height OR A = lw. where h = the height.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Area of a triangle A = 1 bh. rectangle. where l = the length and w = the width Area of a trapezoid A = 1 h(b1 + b2). rhombus. or square A = bh. where a = length of the apothem (the perpendicular segment 2 drawn from the center of the polygon to one of its sides) and P = the perimeter of the polygon 22 . where r = the radius Area of a regular polygon A = 1 aP. and b1 and b2 = the two parallel bases 2 Area of a circle A = πr2. where b = the base and h = the height 2 Area of a parallelogram.

quadrants. If the base of a triangle measures 5 m and the height is 4 m. 13 cm2 6. When calculating the area of a ﬁgure you are ﬁnding a. 40 m2 44. 10 m c. the distance around the object. square units. b. the number of sides it has. what is the area of the triangle? a. c. d. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 41. The area of a region is measured in a. units. the number of degrees in the angles. 10 m2 d. c. 9 m b. the amount of space that the object covers. 20 m2 e. d. d. e. e. the length of a side. c. 43. cubic units. e.5 cm2 30 cm2 15 cm2 60 cm2 23 . What is the area of the ﬁgure? 3 cm 10 cm a. b. none of these 42.

If the hypotenuse of a right triangle is 13 m and the measure of a leg is 5 m. What is the area of the ﬁgure? 6 cm 2 cm 7 cm a. 65 m2 24 . 21 cm2 10.5 m2 d. d. If the area of the triangle below is 36 in2. what is the area of the triangle? a.5 cm2 27 cm2 42 cm2 54 cm2 46. c. e. b. 2 in 4 in 6 in 8 in 12 in 47. 30 m2 c. what is the height? h 3 in 6 in a. 60 m2 e. 12 m2 b. 32. e. b. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 45. c.

5 in d. what is the area of the triangle? a. 9 in e. If the length of one side is 4 m. none of these 50. A patio is in the shape of an equilateral triangle.8 ft2 c.75 in 25 . b. What is the area of the ﬁgure below? 42 m 40 m a.9 m2 e. 6. what is the area of the patio to the nearest tenth? a. Given a triangle with a base of 16 inches and an area of 44 square inches. 1. 2. 39.8 m2 b. what is the height? a.9 m2 c. e.6 ft b. 79.680 m2 256 m2 840 m2 82 m2 cannot be determined 51. 13. 39. 19. 5.5 ft. 13.5 in c.7 ft2 e.5 in b. 12.2 ft and the base is 5.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 48. d.2 ft2 d.6 ft2 49. If the height of a triangle is 7. 4. c. 6. 2.8 m2 d.

If the base of a rectangle is 10 m and the height is 5 m. c. The area cannot be determined. The area is quadrupled. 750 m2 26 . 375 m2 d. 40 m2 b. The area is doubled. 25 m2 d. e. What is the area? a. d. 100 m2 54. e. 187. 40 ft 80 ft2 200 ft2 2. 15 m2 b.5 m2 e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 52. 50 m2 e.000 ft2 400 ft2 55. How does the area of a triangle change if the height of the original triangle is doubled? a. The area remains the same. The base of a parallelogram is 25 m and the height is 15 m. What is the area? a. The area is tripled. what is the area of the rectangle? a. 80 m2 c. 53. 30 m2 c. The side of a square measures 20 feet. b. b. c. d.

b. The area cannot be determined. b. The area is tripled. 58. d. c. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 56. c. b. e. The area remains the same. 20 square units 99 square units 22 square units 77 square units 121 square units 27 . 300 m2 340 m2 136 m2 204 m2 180 m2 57. d. What is the area of the ﬁgure below? 9 units 11 units a. How does the area of a rectangle change if both the base and the height of the original rectangle are tripled? a. What is the area of the ﬁgure below? 17 m 8m 12 m a. The area is six times larger. d. The area is nine times larger. e. e.

28 c.68 e. c. 120 cm2 d. What is the area of the parallelogram below? 9m 4m a.40 b. The area of a rectangular yard is 504 feet2. 525 ft d.36 28 .80 d. b.94 per square foot? a. If the length of the room is 10 feet and the width is 12 feet. 30 cm2 b. 60 cm2 c. What is the area of the rhombus? a. cannot be determined 60. 22 ft b. what is the width? a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 59. 483 ft e. Brooke wants to carpet her rectangular bedroom. A rhombus has a side length of 30 cm. 13 m2 18 m2 27 m2 36 m2 cannot be determined 62. d. If the length of the yard is 21 feet. $352. e. how much will the cost be if the carpet costs $2. $35. $29. 10. 24 ft c. $64. $423. 900 cm2 e.584 ft 61.

b. What is the area of the trapezoid below? 7m 4m 15 m a. Cathy has a countertop in the shape of a right trapezoid that she would like to paint. d. 420 in2 42 in2 56 in2 84 in2 72 in2 29 . b. what is the total area she will paint? 6 in 4 in 14 in a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 63. e. e. d. 22 m2 28 m2 44 m2 60 m2 210 m2 64. c. c. If the dimensions of the countertop are as shown in the ﬁgure below.

what is the height of the trapezoid? a. 4. 2. square miles.5 square units 354 square units 455 square units 67.5 cm d. b. d. Given the following ﬁgure. If the area of a trapezoid is 112. c. square yards.9 m2? a.4 m. and the area is 28.5 cm 66.5 m e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 65. square millimeters.5 cm2 and the two parallel bases measure 23 cm and 27 cm. square inches. 30 . e. the height is 3. 25 cm c. 8. 62. What is the length of a base of a trapezoid if the other parallel base is 10 m. what is the area of the trapezoid? 24 units 13 units 5 units 30 units a. When measuring the area of a football ﬁeld. 15. 5 cm e. you would most likely use a.9 m 68.5 m c. 2. square liters.5 cm b. 2.8 m d. 7 m b. b. 59 square units 12 square units 383. e. d. c.

b. 2 cm b. 15 cm2 b. 144 in2 71. 150 cm2 70. 12 in2 b. what is the area of the circle? r = 10 m a. 10 m2 10π m2 20π m2 100 m2 100π m2 31 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 69. 75 cm2 e. A stop sign in the shape of a regular octagon has an area of 160 cm2. What is the area of a regular pentagon with a side length of 6 cm and an apothem length of 5 cm? a. 32 cm 72. e. 60 cm2 d. 36 in2 d. What is the area of the tile? a. 16 cm e. 18 in2 c. If the length of the apothem is 10 cm. how long is one side of the sign? a. 30 cm2 c. 72 in2 e. c. d. 8 cm d. If the circle below has a radius of 10 m. A tile in the shape of a regular hexagon has a side length of 3 in and an apothem length of 4 in. 4 cm c.

e.54 m 75.14. b. 21. what is the length of the diameter of the circle? Use π = 3.34 in2. 30.14. 94. a. 27 in e. d. none of these 76.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 73.0 in2 c.125 m e.5 m b. 18 in d. what is the area of the circle.3 in2 d. c. 95. 2.5 m d. what is the length of the radius of the circle? a.5 m c.25π m2. If the area of a circle is 254. What is the area of the ﬁgure below if the diameter of the circle is 16 centimeters? d = 16 cm a. 6. If the diameter of a circle is 11 inches.9 in2 74. 3 in b. 72 in2 e. to the nearest tenth? Use π = 3. 64 cm2 256π cm2 16π cm2 64π cm2 256 cm2 32 . a.9 in2 b. 10. 379. 7. If the area of a circle is 42. 9 in c.

19 in2 e. 6 in2 d.25 m2 178. If the leash is 7 feet long. 44 ft2 b. b. e. a dog on a leash is tied to a stake in the ground. 139. a.5 m2 78. While waiting to go for a walk. 154 ft2 79. 144 in2 c. 615 ft2 c. 36 ft2 d.5 m2 414 m2 109.14. a. 10 m a. what is the approximate area that the dog can roam while tied to the stake? Use π = 3. 452 in2 78.14. What is the area of the irregular ﬁgure below? Use π = 3.5 m2 33 . At the Pizza Place.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 77. Approximately how much more pizza do you get in a large than a small pizza? Use π = 3. d. 49 ft2 e. the diameter of a small round pizza is 9 inches and the diameter of a large round pizza is 15 inches. c. 113 in2 b.14.

What is the area of the irregular ﬁgure below? Use π = 3.585 m2 34 .34 m2 103. d. c. d. c.585 m2 326.79 m2 127. e. 135.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 80. 8m 9m a.14. What is the area of the irregular ﬁgure below? 8m 6m 6m 24 m a. e. b. b. 49 m2 144 m2 240 m2 192 m2 336 m2 81.585 m2 144.

d. What is the area of the shaded region? 12 units a. c. b. e. c. b. (36π –144) square units (36π + 144) square units 144 square units (144 – 144π) square units (144 – 36π) square units 83. (64π – 12) m2 (16π – 24) m2 (16π – 12) m2 (24 – 16π) m2 (24 – 64π) m2 35 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 82. What is the area of the shaded region? 3m 4m 8m a. e. d.

34 cm2 241.78 cm2 248. 21. b.14. 2 cm 9 cm a. 444 m2 696 m2 78 m2 4. c. e. c. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 84. b.06 cm2 none of these 85. e. If the shaded region represents the washer.98 cm2 254. what is its area? Use π = 3. What is the area of the shaded region? 36 m 30 m 12 m 14 m a.176 m2 504 m2 36 . d. A diagram of a washer is drawn in the ﬁgure below.

44. 2 2 Be aware that the height of the triangle may be located outside of the ﬁgure. b. not 9 cm. where b is the base of the triangle and h is the height. as it was in this problem. The distance around a ﬁgure is called the perimeter of the ﬁgure. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = 1 2 bh. So. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation to get b2 = 144. The area of a ﬁgure is the amount of space the object covers. a. c. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = 1 2 bh. which should be square meters (m2). in square units. where b is the base of 2 the triangle and h is the height. which is the base side. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = 1 bh. use the Pythagorean theorem (a2 + b2 = c2) to ﬁnd the missing side of the right triangle. Use the formula A = 2 bh. First. b = 12. When calculating area you are ﬁnding the number of square units that cover the region. Divide both sides of the equation by 9 to get h = 8 in. b. 43. 47. Be careful to select the answer choice with the correct units. 2 2 45. Note that the height is also a side because it is a right triangle. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = where b is the base of the triangle and h is the height. Since the area is given and the base is 9 in. h is the height. d. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (10)(3) = 1 (30) = 15 cm2. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (6)(7) = 1 (42) = 21 cm2. 52 + b2 = 132. 25 + b2 = 169. substitute into the formula to get 36 = 1 (9)(h). 72 = 9h. 46. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 41. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (5)(4) = 1 (20) = 2 2 10 m2. The length of the base of this triangle is only 7 cm. Multiply each 2 side of the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction. c. where b is the base of the triangle and h is the height. 42. 2 2 37 . where b is the base of the triangle and 1 1 2 bh. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (12)(5) = 1 (60) = 30 m2.

4 + b2 = 16.6) = 2 2 19. Therefore the new area is twice as large as the original. 2 2 50. For example. b ≈ 3. If you 2 multiply the side length 10 by 2. The area of a triangle can be found by using the formula A = where b is the base of the triangle and h is the height. 88 = 16h.5 inches. Subtract 4 from both sides of the equation to get b2 = 12. c. where b is the base of the equilateral 2 triangle and h is the height.8 ft2. 52. 51. 1 where b is the base of the rectangle and h is the height. Then. d. 40 square units is double the size of 20 square units.464.928 ≈ 6.5)(7. e. Since the height is not known. 49. 38 . Substitute into the formula to get A = (10)(5) = 50 m2. By 2 comparing the new area with the original area. which divides the triangle into two congruent right triangles. and c = 4 (which is the hypotenuse of a right triangle). First. the area of this triangle cannot be determined. d. b. which is 20 square units. Since the area is given and the base is 16 in. where b is the base of the triangle and 1 h is the height. 22 + b2 = 42. Divide both sides of the equation by 16 to get h = 5. the area of the triangle can be found by using the formula A = 1 bh. or doubled. Use the formula A = 2 bh. the new dimensions are 20 and 4. use a triangle with a base of 10 and height of 4.9 m2. The height of the triangle needs to be perpendicular to the base.2) = 1 (39. 53. Multiply each 2 side of the equation by 2 to eliminate the fraction. Use b as the height.856) = 6.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 48. Since one dimension is doubled. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (5. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (4)(3. So. b. The new area is 1 of 80. substitute into the formula to get 44 = 1 (16)(h). The area is 1 of 40. height of the triangle. a = 2 (which is half of the base side and a leg of a right triangle). use the Pythagorean theorem (a2 + b2 = c2) to ﬁnd the 1 2 bh. The area of a rectangle can be found by the formula A = 2 bh.464) = 1 (13. there is an additional factor of 2. which is 40 square units.

the new dimensions are 15 and 18. Use the formula A = lw. the height is not known. The area of a rhombus can be found by the formula A = bh. So. Since both dimensions are tripled. 39 . Since the area and length are given. Substitute into the formula to get A = (11)(9) = 99 square units. the area cannot be determined. The area of a parallelogram can be found by the formula A = bh. b. Therefore. Note that the base and height are always the same measure in a square. 60. Therefore the new area is 3 3 = 9 times as large as the original. The area of a parallelogram can be found by the formula A = bh. If you multiply the each side length by 3. and c = 17. there are two additional factors of 3. 64 + b2 = 289. Substitute into the formula to get A = (25)(15) = 375 m2. where b is the base of the parallelogram and h is the height. Note that a rhombus has four equal sides. The area is 5 6 = 30 square units. where b is the base of the square and h is the height. 30 9 = 270. e. 56. 55. so the base is 11 units and the height as shown is 9 units. Divide each side of the equation by 21 to get w = 24 ft. where b is the base of the rhombus and h is the height. Subtract 64 from both sides of the equation to get b2 = 225. b. 58. 270 square units is nine times larger than 30 square units.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 54. The area of a square can be found by the formula A = bh. a. The new area is 15 18. 57. Also note that the base is 8 m + 12 m = 20 m. For example. Use b as the height. c. e. First. It cannot be assumed that the rhombus is a square and that the consecutive sides are perpendicular. substitute into the formula to get 504 = 21w. 82 + b2 = 172. By comparing the new area with the original area. which is 270 square units. where l is the length of the rectangular yard and w is the width. 59. a = 8. where b is the base of the parallelogram and h is the height. use a rectangle with a base of 5 and height of 6. Although each side of the rhombus is 30 cm. b = 225 = 15. Substitute into the formula to get A = (20)(20) = 400 ft2. Substitute into the formula to get A = (20)(15) = 300 m2. c. use the right triangle on the left of the ﬁgure and the Pythagorean theorem (a2 + b2 = c2) to ﬁnd the height.

112.5 = 1 (h)(50). where l is the length of the room and w is the width. 64. The area of a parallelogram can be found by the formula A = bh. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 61. The area of a trapezoid can be found by using the formula A = 1 2 h(b1 + b2). Note that the since the two known dimensions are perpendicular. First. substitute into the formula to get 112. 2 2 Divide each side of the equation by 25 to get h = 4. 52 + b2 = 132. where h is the height of the trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases.80. Multiply the total area by $2. 112. 4 m can be used as the base and 9 m as the height. where h is the height of the trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. 66. d. The area of a trapezoid can be found by using the formula A = + b2). Simplify. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 1 1 2 2 (4)(7 + 15) = 2 (4)(22) = 2 (88) = 44 m . First. Substitute into the formula to get A = (4)(9) = 36 m2. where b is the base of the parallelogram and h is the height. e. Substitute into the formula to get A = (10)(12) = 120 ft2.94 = $352. So. 25 + b2 = 169. In this case. ﬁnd the area of the room using the formula A = lw. Note that the lengths of the parallel bases are 24 units and 35 units. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (6)(14 + 10) = 1 (6)(24) = 2 2 1 2 2 (144) = 72 in . The area of a trapezoid can be found by using the formula A = + b2). Use b as the height. d. use the right triangle on the left of the ﬁgure and the Pythagorean theorem (a2 + b2 = c2) to ﬁnd the height. b = 144 = 12. where h is the height of the 1 1 2 h(b1 trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. and c = 13. where h is the height of the trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. 62.5 cm. Substitute into the formula to get A = 1 (12)(24 + 35) = 1 (12)(59) = 1 (708) = 354 2 2 2 square units. Use the formula A = 2 h(b1 + b2).5 = 25h. c. 120 2.94 to get the cost of the carpet. 65. c. Subtract 25 from both sides of the equation to get b2 = 144. the height is 6 inches and the parallel bases are 14 inches and 10 inches (14 – 4 = 10). a = 5.5 = 1 (h)(23 + 27). Since the area and the two bases are given. 1 2 h(b1 40 . 63.

Subtract 10 from each side of the equal sign to get b2 = 7. Since the area and the length of the apothem are given. 2 Divide each side of the equal sign by 5 to get P = 32. 32 ÷ 8 = 4 cm for each side of the sign. Use the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle. Square inches and square millimeters are too small. Divide each side of the equation by 1. then the radius is half that. Use the formula A = 2 aP. A = (3.5)2 = (3. 42. 160 = 5P. 2 2 70.14)(30. 41 . the perimeter is 6 × 5 = 30 cm. Substitute into the formula. Simplify. where a = length of the apothem and 1 P = the perimeter of the polygon. A = π(10)2 = 100π m2. d. 69. not length or area.25) = 94. 74. Simplify. The area of a circle can be found by using the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle.14)(5. Divide each side of the equation by π to get 42. Use the formula A = 2 aP. Square liters do not make sense since liters are a measure of capacity. 17 = 10 + b2.9 = 1 (3. Substitute into the formula. b. Since the ﬁgure is a hexagon and has six sides.985 ≈ 95. b. 68. 72. and square miles are too large. Substitute into the formula. Since the area.0 in2. 28.7(10 + 2 b2). Use the formula A = 2 h(b1 + b2). the height and one of the bases are given. substitute into the formula to ﬁnd the radius. A football ﬁeld would most likely be measured in square yards. where a = length of the apothem and 1 P = the perimeter of the polygon. b. e. The area of a circle can be found by using the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle. substitute into the formula to get 28. A = 1 (5)(30) = 1 (150) = 75 cm2. Substitute into the formula. c. Since the area is given.5 m. where a = length of the apothem and 1 P = the perimeter of the polygon. a.5 inches. If the diameter is 11 inches. 73. A = 1 (4)(18) = 1 (72) = 36 in2.4)(10 + b2). Use the formula A = 2 aP. or 5. where h is the height of the 1 trapezoid and b1 and b2 are the two parallel bases. 2 2 71. the perimeter is 3 × 6 = 18 in.25 = 6. Since the ﬁgure is a pentagon and has ﬁve sides. substitute into the formula to ﬁnd the perimeter of the octagon.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 67.7. 160 = 1 (10)P. so r = 42.25π = πr2.25 = r2. Since an octagon has eight sides.9 = 1. d.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 75. Asquare + A1 circle = bh + 1 πr2 = (10)(10) + 1 (3. Use the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle.14)(4. Find the area of each section and then add the areas together to ﬁnd the total area of the ﬁgure. then the radius is half that. Simplify the expression. 176. To ﬁnd the difference.5)2. 144 + 1 (6)(32) = 2 2 144 + 1 (192) = 144 + 96. Use the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle.14)(56. Arectangle + Atrapezoid = bh + 1 h(b1 + b2) = 2 (24)(6) + 1 (6)(24 + 8). ﬁrst substitute into the formula to ﬁnd the radius.625 – 63. 2 42 . A = π(8)2 = 64π cm2. d.25. Since the area is given.14)(20.04 in2. Multiply within each term. A = (3. There are approximately 113 more square inches in the large pizza. ﬁnd the area of the small pizza and subtract it from the area of the large pizza. Subtract to get 113. the radius of the circle is 5 m. 254. Substitute into the formula.34 = (3. c. Simplify the expression.14 to get 81 = r2. which is half of the diameter. The area in which the dog can roam is a circle with the center at the stake and a radius that is the length of the leash. The ﬁgure is made up of a square and a half-circle. 79.25) – (3.5)2 – (3. a. Therefore the total area is 139.25 m2. e.14) 2 2 2 (5)2. The area of a circle can be found by using the formula A = πr2 where r is the radius of the circle. Therefore. 80. Be sure to use the radius of each pizza in the formula. or 8 cm. 76.585.86. (3. a. Therefore. Alarge – Asmall = πr2 – πr2 = (3.14)r2. 77. Therefore.14)(49) = 153. 100 + 1 (3. If the diameter is 16 cm. c. The ﬁgure is made up of a rectangle and trapezoid.14)(25) = 100 + 1 (78. ﬁnd the area of each part and add the areas together. the total area is 240 m2. 78. The square has sides that are 10 m and the diameter of the semicircle is a side of the square.14)(7)2 = (3. To ﬁnd the area of the ﬁgure. Divide each side of the equation by 3. so r = 81 = 9 in. Then double the length of the radius to ﬁnd the diameter. the diameter is 18 inches.5) = 2 2 100 + 39. Evaluate exponents.14)(7. The dog has about 154 square feet to roam in.25).

Substitute into the formula and multiply before subtracting. This combines for a total area of 135. the outer region is a square and the inner region is a circle. Simplify by evaluating exponents ﬁrst and then multiplying within each term. the radius of the circle is one-half the length of a side of the square. 85.14)(20.5 m. (36)(24) – (30)(12) = 864 – 360 = 504 m2. 83. c. the outer region is a rectangle and the inner region is a parallelogram.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 81. e. In this ﬁgure. (12)(12) – π(6)2 = (144 – 36π) sq. Ashaded = Aouter – Ainner. π(9)2 – π(2)2 = 81π – 4π = 77π. e. b. Ashaded = Arectangle – Aparallelogram = bh – bh. Ashaded = Aouter – Ainner.5)2. Ashaded = Asquare – Acircle = bh – πr2. Ashaded = Aoutercircle – Ainnercircle = πr2 – πr2. Substitute into the formula. 82. Since the circle is inscribed in the square. the outer region is a circle and the inner region is a parallelogram. Substitute into the formula. The area of the shaded region is the area of the inner ﬁgure subtracted from the area of the outer ﬁgure. (8)(9) + (3.14)(4. units. The area of the shaded region is the area of the inner ﬁgure subtracted from the area of the outer ﬁgure. π(4)2 – (3)(8) = (16π – 24)m2. The area of the shaded region is the area of the inner ﬁgure subtracted from the area of the outer ﬁgure. the outer region is the circle with radius 9 cm and the inner region is the circle with radius 2 cm.14) = 241. a. In this ﬁgure.585 m2. 84. 77(3. Find the area of the rectangle and treat the two half-circles as a whole circle to ﬁnd the total area of the ﬁgure. Arectangle + Acircle = bh + πr2 = (8)(9) + (3. Ashaded = Aouter – Ainner. 43 . Note that the radius of the circles is one-half of the width of the rectangle. The ﬁgure is made up of a rectangle and two half-circles of the same radius. In this ﬁgure.25) = 72 + 63. The area of the shaded region is the area of the inner ﬁgure subtracted from the area of the outer ﬁgure. In this ﬁgure. Ashaded = Aouter – Ainner. Substitute into the formula. or 4.585.78 cm2. Ashaded = Acircle – Aparallelogram = πr2 – bh.

.

3 45 . Study the formulas. regardless of whether you answered the question correctly or not. A possible alternate method of solution may be presented that will further your knowledge and skill at solving measurement problems. Volume formulas are based. generally speaking.Measurement— Volume This chapter contains a series of 45 questions that review another common measurement—volume. The answer explanations provide a correct method of solution. Read over the explanations for all problems. For most questions. volume is also a multiplication concept. which include the volume formulas for the basic geometric solids. These are problems that involve measuring the amount of cubic units that it takes to ﬁll a three-dimensional solid. on three measurement quantities that are multiplied together to yield a measurement in cubic units. you will be expected to have these formulas memorized. common errors that are made by a majority of people will be offered as choices. Often on multiple-choice tests. Like area. Always double-check your solution.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Volume of a rectangular prism h w l V=l×w×h Volume of a cone r h V = 1 πr2h 3 46 .

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Volume of a cylinder r h V = πr2h Volume of a sphere r r V = 4 πr3 3 Volume of a pyramid h V= 1 3 area of base height 47 .

cubic inches c. When measuring the volume of a box used to package a refrigerator. 8 1 ft cubed 2 b. d. A cardboard box measures 2 2 ft by 3 ft by 3 ft. what unit would you use to report the results? a. 72π cm cubed c. cubic miles e. 25 ft cubed 88. 36π inches cubed 12π inches cubed 48π inches cubed 96π inches cubed 108π inches cubed 89. cubic feet d. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below? 3 in 4 in a. 36π cm cubed b. 27 ft cubed c. 7 1 ft cubed 2 d. 108π cm cubed e. b. c. Find the volume of the can. A can containing orange juice concentrate has a diameter of 6 cm and a height of 12 cm. 432π cm cubed d. 22 1 ft cubed 2 e. Find the volume of 1 the box. a. cubic mm 48 . e. 256π cm cubed 87. cubic cm b. a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 86.

32 inches cubed c. 150. 80 ft cubed d.87 cm cubed 49 . 1.83 cm cubed d. What is the volume of the cone.47 cm cubed b.46 cm cubed c. 904.24 inches cubed d.296 inches cubed b. 216 inches cubed e.600 ft cubed b.72 inches cubed 92. 160 ft cubed c. rounded to the nearest hundredth? Use 3. What is the volume of a sphere with radius 6 inches? Use 3. Find the volume of the trailer.14 for π.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 90. a. An ice cream cone has a diameter of 4 cm and a height of 10 cm. 1. 82. 167. a. a. 200 ft cubed 91. 14. The trailer of a truck is a rectangular prism that measures 20 feet by 8 feet by 10 feet. 376. 678.27 cm cubed e. 38 ft cubed e.14 for π. 41.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 93. 24π ft cubed b. d. a. b. 96π ft cubed 50 . A round swimming pool has a diameter of 12 feet and a height of 4 feet in all locations. 48π ft cubed c. c. e. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below? 4 cm 3 cm 9 cm a. 12 cm cubed 27 cm cubed 108 cm cubed 324 cm cubed 801 cm cubed 94. 144π ft cubed e. Find the volume of the pool. 98π ft cubed d.

186. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below.325. c.46 cm cubed 51 .33 ft cubed 1.67 ft cubed 133.97 cm cubed 298. c. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 95. b. rounded to the nearest hundredth? 4 cm 8 cm a. rounded to the nearest hundredth? Use 3.92 cm cubed 98. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below.14 for π.67 ft cubed 96. 4.48 cm cubed 133. e. e. d. 100. r 10 ft a. b.76 cm cubed 401.256 ft cubed 750 ft cubed 6.

9π m cubed b. e. 96. a. 1. 27 in cubed c.200 ft cubed d. b. c. The length of a cereal box is 10 inches. 340 in cubed 100. A pyramid in Egypt has a square base that measures 45 feet on each side and a height of 80 feet.260 in cubed d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 97.000 ft cubed e. 18π m cubed c. 162. A cylindrical fuel tank measures 6 m high and has a diameter of 3 m. 420 in cubed b.5π m cubed 98. d. 25 in cubed 15 in cubed 125 in cubed 625 in cubed 75 in cubed 99. What is the volume of the cereal box? a. Find the volume of the pyramid. 13.000 ft cubed 52 . 54π m cubed d.000 ft cubed c. and the height is 14 inches. the width is 3 inches.5π m cubed e. a. 46 in cubed e. What is the volume of the ﬁgure below? 5 in 5 in 5 in a. Find the volume of the fuel tank. 1. 125 ft cubed b. 41. 54.

Find the volume of the funnel. b. The diameter of the funnel’s base is 6 inches.500π cm cubed 333. 6π in cubed b. 18π in cubed 102. 3. The height of the funnel is 6 inches. e. A funnel is shaped like a cone.3π cm cubed 239π cm cubed 53 . 72π in cubed c.000π cm cubed 4. What is the volume of the sphere below? r 30 cm a. a. 16π in cubed e. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 101.375π cm cubed 36. 10π in cubed d. d.

a. 457π in cubed b. b. Find the volume of the ball. 49π in cubed c. 343π in cubed 54 .67π in cubed 96π in cubed 166. What is the volume of the cone below. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 103. The radius of a ball is 7 inches. rounded to the units (ones) place. 25π in cubed 76. 786π in cubed e. c.67π in cubed 256π in cubed 104. d. 546π in cubed d. rounded to the nearest hundredth? 10 in { 20 in a.

896π cm cubed 2. d.5π m cubed 145. c. b. What is the volume of the cylinder below? 5m 7m a.728π cm cubed 2. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 105. e.75π m cubed 98. b.75π m cubed 43. What is the volume of the rectangular prism below? 2m 8m 3m a.304π cm cubed 1. a. e.104π cm cubed 340π cm cubed 107. c.75π m cubed 106.5π m cubed 23. c. Find the volume of the ball. e. 76. The radius of a basketball is 12 cm. d. 1. b. 16 m cubed 64 m cubed 32 m cubed 128 m cubed 8 m cubed 55 .

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

108. A silo is a cylinder shape. The height of the silo is 35 feet and the

diameter of the silo is 20 feet. Find the volume of the silo. a. 14,000π ft cubed b. 700π ft cubed c. 100π ft cubed d. 350π ft cubed e. 3,500π ft cubed

109. Find the volume of the pyramid below.

5 cm

3 cm 4 cm

a. b. c. d. e.

20 cm cubed 60 cm cubed 15 cm cubed 12 cm cubed 180 cm cubed

110. Find the volume of the hemisphere below.

12 m

a. b. c. d. e.

**2,304π m cubed 3,456π m cubed 1,152π m cubed 9,600π m cubed 1,200π m cubed
**

56

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

111. Find the volume of the shaded region.

3m 10 m 5m

6m

a. b. c. d. e.

120π m cubed 105π m cubed 15π m cubed 25π m cubed 108 m cubed

112. A packing box measures 6 inches high, 10 inches wide, and 5

inches long. Find the volume of the box. a. 30 in cubed b. 50 in cubed c. 60 in cubed d. 300 in cubed e. 600 in cubed

113. A piece of wood is a perfect cube. Each side of the cube measures 8

cm. Find the volume of the cube. a. 64 cm cubed b. 81 cm cubed c. 729 cm cubed d. 24 cm cubed e. 512 cm cubed

57

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

114. When measuring the volume of a car, what unit would you use to

**report the results? a. miles cubed b. mm cubed c. feet cubed d. km cubed e. cm cubed
**

115. Find the volume of the sphere below.

r 3 cm

a. b. c. d. e.

36π cm cubed 9π cm cubed 27π cm cubed 108π cm cubed 208π cm cubed

116. Find the volume of the cylinder below.

2m 2m

a. b. c. d. e.

4π m cubed 6π m cubed 12π m cubed 8π m cubed 16π m cubed

58

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

117. A can of soup measures 4 inches high and has a diameter of 2

inches. Find the volume of the can. a. 16π in cubed b. 4π in cubed c. 8π in cubed d. 32π in cubed e. 10π in cubed

118. Find the volume of the pyramid below.

8m

3m 3m

a. b. c. d. e.

72 m cubed 36 m cubed 24 m cubed 84 m cubed 96 m cubed

59

Find the volume of the cone below. b. d. Find the volume of the globe.33 in cubed 84 in cubed 1. e. The globe below has a diameter of 14 inches.672.27 in cubed 9. e. 5 cm 3 cm a. 65.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 119. Use 3. 15π cm cubed 45π cm cubed 81π cm cubed 12π cm cubed 21π cm cubed 60 .14 for π.17 in cubed 1.03 in cubed 120. c.654.436. 14 in r a. c. d. b.

Round your answer to the nearest hundredth. 7 ft 5 ft a.67 ft cubed 122.78 cm cubed 61 .14 for π. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. c. d.94 cm cubed 133. Round your answer to the nearest hundredth.67 ft cubed 891.14 for π.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 121. b. d. 167. 4 cm 10 cm a.97 cm cubed 245. e. Use 3.5 ft cubed 811. 549. Use 3.27 ft cubed 781.17 ft cubed 261.44 cm cubed 187. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. b. e. c.47 cm cubed 301.

b. d. d. 80π ft cubed 124. c. A cylindrical cement column is 10 feet tall with a radius of 2 feet. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. 12 m cubed 36 m cubed 39 m cubed 40 m cubed 80 m cubed 125. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. 100π ft cubed d. Find the volume of the cement column. b. 40π ft cubed b. c. 2 in 3 in 6 in a. 10 cm 4m 3m a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 123. a. 18 in cubed 36 in cubed 72 in cubed 42 in cubed 12 in cubed 62 . e. 16π ft cubed c. e. 20π ft cubed e.

Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. r 9m a. 57 in cubed b. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 126. d. 6. 10.246 in cubed e.480 in cubed d.246 in cubed 127. e. 8. Find the volume of the cabinet if it measures 18 inches by 24 inches by 15 inches. 96 in cubed c. a. A cabinet is a rectangular prism. c. 972π m cubed 108π m cubed 324π m cubed 627π m cubed 936π m cubed 63 .

b. a. d. b. d. 20 in cubed c. e. 49π cm cubed 144π cm cubed 184π cm cubed 196π cm cubed 218π cm cubed 129. c. 60 in cubed 40 in cubed 13 in cubed 120 in cubed 20 in cubed 64 . Find the volume of the ﬁgure below. 6 in 2 in 5 in a. 40 in cubed 130. 13 in cubed d. c. 100 in cubed e. Find the volume of the box. 80 in cubed b. Find the volume of the ﬁgure below.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 128. 14 cm 12 cm a. A camera came packed in a 5-inch by 4-inch by 4-inch box. e.

5 can be used for 2 2 to make calculations on a calculator easier.000) = 4. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by two. Using 3. 87. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a rectangular prism. To ﬁnd the radius.14 for 3 3 π. a. The formula uses the radius. and mm are too small. when rounded to the 3 nearest hundredth.5)(3)(3) = 22. d. Notice that the diameter has been given instead of the radius. 95. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. 93. d. 90.67 ft cubed. 91. V = 1 π 3 (22)(10) = 1 (3. b. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a sphere. V = (20)(8)(10) = 1.32 inches cubed.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 86. 65 . Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a rectangular prism. divide the diameter in half. V = (9)(3)(4) = 108 cm cubed. The radius is 6 feet (12 ÷ 2 = 6). 2. c.87 cm cubed. 89. divide the diameter by 2. a.186.5 which is equivalent to 22 1 ft 2 cubed. Therefore. inches. 94.14 = 904. the radius of the cone is 2 cm (4 ÷ 2 = 2). 88.14)(4)(10) = 41. 288 × 3. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. Therefore. the radius is 3 cm (6 ÷ 2 = 3).14)(1. when 3 3 rounded to the nearest hundredth. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a sphere. 92. c. Cubic cm. V = π(32 )(4) = π(9)(4) = 36π inches cubed. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a 1 rectangular prism. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. V = 4 π (103) = 4 (3. V = (2. V = 4 π(63) = 4 π(216) = 288π inches cubed. d. Cubic miles are too large. Cubic feet is the correct answer. a. V = π(3)2 (12) = π(9)(12) = 108π .600 ft cubed. V = π (62)(4) = π(36)(4) = 144π ft cubed. e. Notice that the diameter has been given instead of the radius. To ﬁnd the radius.

Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. The radius is 3 (6 ÷ 2 = 3). The radius is 2. V = 1 π(52)(20) = 1 π(25)(20) = 166. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a cylinder. c. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a 4 4 sphere. V = 1 π(42)(8) = 1 (3. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. 3 3 rounded to the nearest hundredth. V = 3 π(73) = 3 π(343) = 457π inches cubed. b. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius.14)(16)(8) = 133. rounded to the units place.5 (3 ÷ 2 = 1. 3 101. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. d. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. V = 1 (45)(45)(80) = 54.97 cm cubed. 99. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2.25)(7) = 43. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2.5π m cubed. 3 3 102.5). Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. e. V = (5)(5)(5) = 125 inches cubed.67π inches cubed. d.375) = 4.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 96. The radius is 15 (30 ÷ 2 = 15).25)(6) = 13. a. 100. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. V = (10)(3)(14) = 420 inches cubed. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a cone. 105. V = 4 π(153) = 4 π(3.500π cm cubed. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cylinder. 104. 66 . c.000 ft cubed.52)(7) = π(6. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a pyramid.5 (5 ÷ 2 = 2. The radius is 5 (10 ÷ 2 = 5). V = 1 π(32)(6) = 1 π(9)(6) = 18π inches cubed. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a sphere.75π m cubed. when 3 3 rounded the nearest hundredth. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. The radius is 1. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. 98. b. 97. a.5). V = π(2. V = π(1. 3 3 103. b.52)(6) = π(2.

V = 4 π(123) = 4 π(1728) = 2. b. then subtract the small. 2. d. The volume of the cube (a special type of rectangular prism) is V = (8)(8)(8) = 512 cm cubed. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a sphere. Feet cubed is the appropriate unit of measure. c. V = π(102)(35) = π(100)(35) = 3. The volume of the entire cone is V = 1 2 3 π(6 )(10) = 120π m cubed. d. Find the volume of the entire cone (radius of 6 m and height of 10 m). non-shaded cone is V = 1 π(32)(5) = 1 π(9)(5) = 15π m cubed. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a sphere.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 106. The radius is 10 feet (20 ÷ 2 = 10). V = 4 π(33) = 4 π(27) = 36π cm cubed. Miles and km are too large.500π ft cubed. 114. V = (8)(2)(2) = 32 m cubed. V = (10)(6)(5) = 300 inches cubed. 3 110. A hemisphere is half of a sphere. Entire Cone – 3 3 Small Cone = Shaded Portion. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a rectangular prism. V = 1 (4)(3)(5) = 20 cm cubed. b. non-shaded cone (radius of 3 m and height of 5 m). 113.728) = 2.304π m cubed. 109. 112. 120π – 15π = 105π m cubed.304π ÷ 2 = 1. The length.152π m cubed. c. divide the volume of the sphere with the same radius by 2. a. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a pyramid. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cylinder. a. To ﬁnd the volume of the hemisphere. e. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. c. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. 3 3 107. e. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. 67 . Divide this volume by 2 to ﬁnd the volume of the hemisphere. 3 3 116. and height of the cube are all 8 cm.304π cm cubed. The volume of a sphere with a radius of 12 m is V = 4 π(123) 3 4 = 3 π(1. V = π(22)(2) = π(4)(2) = 8π m cubed. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. 108. The volume of the small. Millimeters and centimeters cubed are too small. 111. 115. width.

b.03 inches cubed. 3 3 121. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. 68 . The radius of the hemisphere is 5 ft.67 ft cubed. 549. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. Substitute the given values into the equation for the volume of a pyramid. A can of soup is a cylinder shape.14)(343) = 1. rounded to the nearest hundredth. c.5 + 261.5 ft cubed. b. 3 119.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 117.67 = 811. Find the volume of a sphere with the same radius and divide it by 2 to ﬁnd the volume of the hemisphere. 3 523. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder to ﬁnd the volume of the bottom part of the ﬁgure. Divide the volume of the sphere by 2. e. The radius is 1 inch (2 ÷ 2 = 1). V = π(12)(4) = π(1)(4) = 4π inches cubed. V = 1 (3)(3)(8) = 24 m cubed. a. the cylinder bottom and a hemisphere (half a sphere) top. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a cylinder. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a sphere. The globe is a sphere.436. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. V = 4 π(53) = 3 4 π(125) = 523.17 ft cubed. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. Find both parts and add their volumes together to ﬁnd the volume of the entire ﬁgure. The 4 4 radius is 7 inches (14 ÷ 2 = 7). 120. rounded to the nearest hundredth. V = π(52)(7) = π(25)(7) = 549.33 ft cubed. V = 3 π(73) = 3 (3. Add the volume of the hemisphere to the volume of the cylinder. 118. Note that the diameter is given instead of the radius. V = 1 π(32)(5) = 1 π(9)(5) = 15π cm cubed.33 ÷ 2 = 261. The given shape has two parts.

V = 1 π(72)(12) = 1 π(49)(12) = 196π cm cubed. b. the cone bottom and a hemisphere (half a sphere) top. 127.14)(64) = 267.47 cm cubed.97 cm cubed. V = (6)(3)(2) = 36 inches cubed. 130.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 122. d. 126. 123. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a sphere. The given shape has two parts. The cement column is a cylinder. 3 3 Divide the volume of the sphere by 2. Substitute the given values into the formula for volume of a rectangular prism. Add the volume of the hemisphere to the volume of the cone. 167. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cylinder. V = (18)(24)(15) = 6. V = 1 1 2 3 π(4 )(10) = 3 π(16)(10) = 167. e. 3 3 129. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a pyramid. b. V = 1 (3)(4)(10) = 40 m cubed. Note that that diameter is given instead of the radius. c. d. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone. Find the volume of a sphere with the same radius and divide it by 2 to ﬁnd the volume of the hemisphere.95 cm cubed. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a pyramid. V = 1 (5)(2)(6) = 20 inches cubed. V = π(22)(10) = π(4)(10) = 40π ft cubed. rounded to the nearest hundredth.480 inches cubed. 267. 3 69 . V = 4 π(43) = 4 (3. Find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2. Find the volume of both parts and add their volumes together to ﬁnd the volume of the entire ﬁgure. 3 3 128. rounded to the nearest hundredth. a. a. The radius is 7 cm (14 ÷ 2 = 7).47 + 133.95 ÷ 2 = 133. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a cone to find the volume of the bottom part of the figure. a. 124. 3 125.97 = 301. V = 4 π(93) = 4 π(729) = 972π m cubed. Substitute the given values into the formula for the volume of a rectangular prism. The box is a rectangular prism.44 cm cubed. V = (5)(4)(4) = 80 inches cubed.

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There are various angle pairs that have special relationships. and. A protractor measures angles. is measured in degrees. By working through the problems in this chapter. 4 71 . Angles are classiﬁed and named according to their degree size. An arc is a part of a circle. Look over the formulas that follow to review these aspects of angles. Arcs are not measured by a protractor. but are calculated from information about related angles in the interior or exterior of the circle.Measurement— Angles and Arc Angles are one of the basic geometric ﬁgures. you will effectively review the concepts that deal with angles and arc. You will be expected to know these relationships and vocabulary. like angles. In addition to the formula sheet. the answer explanations give detailed methods of solving a variety of problems.

∠2 ∠4 72 . Vertical angles formed by two intersecting lines are congruent. 1 4 3 2 ∠1 ∠3.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Types of Angles Acute—measures between 0° and 90° Obtuse—measures between 90° and 180° Right—measures exactly 90° Straight—measures exactly 180° Reﬂex—measures more than 180° The sum of the measures of two complementary angles is 90°. The sum of the measures of two supplementary angles is 180°.

∠6. Sum of the exterior angles is always 360°. ∠2 ∠4 ∠8. 73 . ∠6 ∠7. ∠2 ∠3. ∠4 Alternate exterior angles are congruent. ∠7. ∠1 ∠5. ∠3 ∠6. ∠3 ∠8. ∠5 Angles of polygons ∠5. ∠7. ∠1 ∠8.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions There are special angle pairs formed by two parallel lines cut by a transversal. ∠2 Corresponding angles are congruent. 1 3 5 7 8 6 4 2 Alternate interior angles are congruent. Sum of the interior angles is 180(n – 2) where n is the number of sides. Vertical angles are congruent. ∠1 ∠4.

A 50˚ 25˚ C B 74 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Arc measure Measure of a central angle is equal to the measure of the intercepted arc. A 60˚ C 60˚ B Measure of an inscribed angle is one-half the measure of the intercepted arc.

D A O x B C + + m∠ACB = 1 (m AB – m CD) 2 Measure of an angle in the exterior of a circle formed by two secants. or a tangent and a secant is equal to half the difference of the intercepted arcs. two tangents.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Measure of an angle formed by two intersecting chords in a circle is equal to half the sum of the intercepted arcs. D E D x B C A x C x A A B B C 2 secants 1 + + m∠DEC = 2 (m AB – m CD) 2 tangents 1 + + m∠BDA = 2 (m ACB – m AB ) tangent and secant 1 + + m∠BDC = 2 (m AB – m BC) 75 .

e. c. reﬂex angle. e. straight angle. more than 180°. 76 . The angle in the ﬁgure below can be best described as a(n) a. more than 90°. acute angle. b. less than 90°. 134. d. A right angle is an angle that measures a. b. d. right angle. reﬂex angle. straight angle.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 131. e. d. c. b. b. An angle that measures 65° can be classiﬁed as a(n) a. meters inches square inches degrees pixels 132. right angle. Which of the following units is used to measure angles? a. c. exactly 90°. obtuse angle. c. acute angle. exactly 180°. d. e. obtuse angle. 133.

c. protractor c. reﬂex angle. b. acute angle. b. e. e. it can be classiﬁed as a(n) a. straight angle. When measuring the number of degrees in an angle. d. e. measuring tape d. ruler b. which measurement tool should you use? a. c. 35° 45° 55° 90° 145° 138. scale 77 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 135. d. thermometer e. c. 30° 45° 60° 90° 180° 137. d. b. What is the measure of ∠ABD in the following diagram? A D 35˚ B C a. right angle. If an angle measures between 180° and 360°. 136. What is the sum of the measure of an angle and its complement? a. obtuse angle.

b. e. e. c. b. 15° 25° 35° 115° 135° 140. c. what is the measure of ∠B? 65˚ A B a. What is the measure of the complement of a 70° angle? a. d. 50° 60° 100° 140° 160° 78 . e. If the angles in the following diagram are complementary. If the angles in the diagram are supplementary.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 139. what is the measure of ∠D? C 40˚ D a. d. 30° 20° 10° 110° none of these 141. c. b. d.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 142. 90° 25° 125° 135° 115° 144. 10° 40° 50° 140° 110° 79 . c. d. e. b. d. d. e. 90° 77° 67° 57° 180° 143. What is the measure of ∠ABD in the following diagram? D 65˚ A B C a. c. What is the measure of the supplement of a 123° angle? a. What is the measure of ∠1 in the following diagram? 40˚ 1 a. b. b. e. c.

42° 48° 52° 58° 138° 80 . e. What is the measure of ∠1 in the following diagram? 42˚ 1 a. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 145. 25° 35° 65° 155° 115° 146. What is the measure of ∠1 in the following diagram? 25˚ 1 a. c. b. d. e. b. c.

b. 37. 15° b. 75° e. 45° d. If ray BD bisects ∠ABC and the measure of ∠ABD is 30°. d. What is the measure of ∠WXZ? a. 150° 81 . c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 147. Ray XZ bisects ∠WXY. what is j the measure of ∠ABC? A D 30˚ B C a. 15° 30° 45° 60° 120° j 148. e. the measure of ∠WXZ = 2x and the measure of ∠YXZ = x + 75.5° c.

and ∠4 150. e. e. What is the measure of ∠1? a. Which of the following angles are supplementary to ∠5? a. c. 60° 90° 130° 120° 140° ∠1 ∠3 both ∠1 and ∠3 both ∠2 and ∠5 ∠2 ∠2 ∠3 Both ∠3 and ∠4 Both ∠1 and ∠2 ∠1. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Use the following diagram of two parallel lines cut by a transversal for questions 149–151. e. b. 1 2 4 5 3 60˚ 149. b. Which of the angles shown in the diagram are congruent to ∠4? a. d. ∠3. d. d. 151. 82 . c. b.

e. c. d. In the following diagram of two parallel lines cut by a transversal. what is the value of x? 2x + 100 4x + 85 a. which angle is an alternate interior angle with respect to ∠2? 1 2 3 5 4 6 a. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 152. ∠1 ∠3 ∠4 ∠5 ∠6 153.5 83 . c. b. e.5 15 2. b. 0 5 7. Given the following diagram of two parallel lines cut by a transversal.

If the vertex angle of isosceles triangle XYZ measures 50°. What is the measure of ∠C? a. 250° 155. what is the measure of base angle ∠Z? X 50˚ Y Z a. 75° c. 12° b. d. and the measure of ∠O is 95°. 65° b. 90° 180° 108° 360° 540° 84 . 20° c. the measure of ∠M is 110°.5° 156. d. What is the measure of ∠P? a. 85° d. 105° e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 154. 78° e. c. e. 70° d. e. 50° 65° 75° 130° 32. b. 165° 157. b. In quadrilateral MNOP. c. In ΔABC. the measure of ∠N is 90°. What is the sum of the interior angles of a regular pentagon? a. the measure of ∠A is 32° and the measure of ∠B is 78°.

270°. c. 45° b. 360° 540° 85 . 108° 160. d. 60° 90° 180° 120° 30° 161. 180° d. 72° c. e. 120° 159. 90° e. 72° b. 90° c. b. e. c. 720° e. The sum of the measures of the arcs that form a circle is always a. What is the degree measure of one interior angle of a regular hexagon? a. 180°. 90°.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 158. What is the sum of the degree measure of the exterior angles of a regular octagon? a. What is the measure of an exterior angle of an equilateral triangle? x a. b. 360° d. d.

d. The measure of an arc intercepted by a central angle of a circle a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 162. 15° 30° 60° 90° 120° 86 . cannot be determined. e. + 163. is twice the degree measure of the central angle. c. is equal to the central angle. is one-half of the central angle. b. d. b. What is the measure of AB? A C 60˚ B a. ∠ACB is a central angle. c. is always 90°. e.

If the measure of XZ is 110°. Central angle ∠XYZ intercepts minor XZ. c. what is the measure of ∠XYZ? Y X Z 110˚ a. e. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions + + 164. 70° 55° 220° 250° 110° 87 . d.

c. a. not related to 88 . equal to b. What is the measure of major ACB? B A O C a. 45° 90° 180° 270° 360° 166. four-times e. twice c. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 165. one-half d. The measure of an inscribed angle is ———————— the measure of the arc it intercepts. The measure of central angle ∠AOB is 90°. e. b.

In the following diagram. 75° e. Within a circle. inscribed angle ∠ABC intercepts AC. 25° c. 12. 100° 89 . what is the measure of ∠ABC? A 30˚ P B C a. c. e.5° b. What is the measure of XZ? a. inscribed ∠XYZ has a measure of 25° and + + intercepts minor XZ. 15° 30° 45° 60° none of these 168. 50° d. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions + 167. d. If + the measure of AC is 30°.

d. e. CD is a diameter of the circle and BA is a + + radius. 125° 62. d. what is the measure of AD? 125˚ A C B D a. 60° 30° 120° 90° 180° 90 . In the following ﬁgure.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 169. If the measure of AC is 125°.5° 55° 180° + XY YZ + 170. the ratio of the arcs WX : + : + : ZW + is 2 : 2 : 1 : 1. c. What is the measure of XY? Y X Z W a. e. c. In the following ﬁgure. b.5° 27. b.

b. d. Use the following circle to ﬁnd the measure of ∠YPZ.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 171. c. 60° 140° 70° 110° 150° 91 . Given that AC is a diameter of the circle below. e. e. X O Y P Z 75˚ W 35˚ a. c. what is the + measure of AB? B C 70˚ O A D 110˚ a. d. b. 35° 45° 55° 65° 75° 172.

d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 173. c. e. 30° 15° 60° 120° 75° 174. what is the measure of ∠AED? B A E D 20˚ 50˚ C a. Given the following ﬁgure with two secants drawn to the circle. b. c. b. 60° 30° 120° 15° 35° 92 . what is the measure of ∠ACB? A C 150˚ P B a. d. e. Given the following ﬁgure with two tangents drawn to the circle.

e. c. 50° 85° 60° 110° 25° 93 . what is the measure of ∠ADB? 110˚ A C 60˚ B D a. Given the following ﬁgure with one tangent and one secant drawn to the circle. d. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 175.

94 . 134. 135. Both a ruler and measuring tape are used to measure length. If two angles are supplementary. which is 20°. 137. and pixels are all units of length and square inches are a measure of area. the sum of their angle measures is 90°. Subtract 90 – 70 to get the measure of the complement. An angle that measures more than 180° is called a reﬂex angle. A thermometer is used to measure temperature and a scale measures the weight of an object. d. b. the sum of their angle measures is 180°. the sum of their angle measures is 90°. Meters. 136. If two angles are complementary. which is 140°. c. If two angles are complementary. d. d. 90 – 35 = 55°. 139. 140. the sum of their angle measures is 180°. the sum of their angle measures is 90°. If two angles are supplementary. Subtract 90 – 65 to get the measure of ∠ABC. An angle that measures between 0° and 90° is called an acute angle. inches.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 131. which is 25°. subtract to ﬁnd the measure of ∠ABD. A right angle is an angle that measures exactly 90°. Subtract 180 – 40 to get the measure of ∠D. 132. b. Since this angle is greater than 90° but less than 180° it is an obtuse angle. d. If two angles are complementary. Degrees are used to measure angles. which is 57°. c. 142. 133. b. the measure of an angle and its complement is 90°. c. 138. A protractor is used to measure the degrees of an angle. Since the two angles together form a right angle and a right angle always measures 90°. b. 141. d. Subtract 180 – 123 to get the measure of the supplement. Therefore.

146. e. d. To ﬁnd the measure of ∠1. and ∠1 together form a straight angle. Since ray XZ bisects ∠WXY. ∠1 and ∠4 are corresponding angles. The value of ∠WXZ is 2x = 2(75) = 150°. A ray that bisects an angle divides the angle into two equal parts. ∠3 and ∠4 are alternate interior angles. 95 . subtract 180 – (42 + 90). which is equal to 180°. ∠3 is congruent to ∠4 because they are alternate interior angles. or 60°. Subtract 180 – 65 to ﬁnd the measure of ∠ABD. e. e. Subtract x from both sides of the equation: 2x – x = x – x + 75. 149. Any angle congruent to ∠4 will also be supplementary to ∠5. the two angles are supplementary. Since ∠4 forms a straight angle with ∠5. d. The same two intersecting lines form the angle labeled 25° and ∠1 in the diagram. so they are congruent. 151. they are supplementary angles. The angle labeled 42°. Therefore. Subtract 180 – 60 to ﬁnd the measure of ∠1. c. which is 115°. 148. 144. So.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 143. Therefore. the angle marked a right angle. b. they are vertical angles and have the same measure. then the measure of the entire angle ∠ABC is twice that. the measure of the two resulting j angles ∠WXZ and ∠YXZ are equal. Therefore. so they are also congruent. 147. The angle labeled 60° and ∠1 form a straight angle. b. 180 – 132 = 48°. 152. a. Write the equation: 2x = x + 75. 145. ∠2 and ∠3 are alternate interior angles. set the two expressions for the angles equal to each other and solve for x. 150. If the measure of ∠ABD is 30°. Alternate interior angles are two angles located between two parallel lines on opposite sides of the transversal. The measure of ∠1 is 40°. b. x = 75. The angle labeled 40° and ∠1 are vertical angles. therefore their measures are equal. ∠1 is congruent to ∠4 because they are corresponding angles. The two angles in the diagram together form a straight angle. which is 120°. and therefore the sum of their angle measures is 180°. The measure of ∠1 is 25°.

e. 720 ÷ 6 = 120°. 2x – 2x + 100 = 4x – 2x + 85. divide 130 by 2 to ﬁnd the measure of ∠Z. Since the base angles of an isosceles triangle are congruent. e. 158. a. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of a triangle is 180. 96 . Subtract the sum of the two known angles from 180 to ﬁnd the missing angle. the number of degrees in the interior angles of a hexagon are 180(6 – 2) = 180(4) = 720. 155. 154. First ﬁnd the measure of the sum of the interior angles of a hexagon. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of a triangle is 180. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of any polygon can be found using the formula 180(n – 2) where n is the number of sides of the polygon. c. 180 – (78 + 32) = 180 – 110 = 70. so subtract the measure of the vertex angle from 180 to ﬁnd the remaining degrees of the triangle. Therefore. Subtract 85 from each side of the equation and combine like terms. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of any polygon can be found using the formula 180(n – 2) where n is the number of sides of the polygon. divide 720 by 6 to ﬁnd the measure of one interior angle. 157. 360 – (110 + 90 + 95) = 360 – 295 = 65°. Subtract 2x from each side of the equal sign. 15 = 2x. Simplify. 130 ÷ 2 = 65°. The sum of the degree measure of the exterior angles of any polygon is 360°. c. Divide each side of the equation by 2 to get x = 7.5. Since a regular hexagon has six congruent sides and six congruent angles. the number of degrees in the interior angles of a quadrilateral are 180(4 – 2) = 180(2) = 360. 156. Write an equation setting the expressions for each angle equal to each other and solve for x. 100 = 2x + 85. 100 – 85 = 2x + 85 – 85. b. 2x + 100 = 4x + 85.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 153. 180 – 50 = 130. one of the base angles. Subtract the sum of the known angles of the quadrilateral from 360 to ﬁnd the measure of ∠P. The angles labeled in the diagram are alternate exterior angles so their measures are equal. 159. c. Therefore. the number of degrees in the interior angles of a pentagon are 180(5 – 2) = 180(3) = 540. The sum of the measures of the interior angles of any polygon can be found using the formula 180(n – 2) where n is the number of sides of the polygon. Therefore.

+ Since the measure of AC is 30°. A central angle of a circle is an angle whose vertex is the center of the circle and whose sides are radii of the circle. d. the measure of the intercepted AB is equal to the + measure of the angle. 360 ÷ 3 = 120°. 360 – 90 = 270°. 162. The measure of an inscribed angle is equal to one-half the measure of the arc it intercepts. Since (AOB is a + central angle. a. which is 360. Since ∠XYZ is a + central angle. The measure of an inscribed angle is equal to one-half the measure of the arc it intercepts. c. Therefore. d. e. 164.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 160. a. The interior angles are congruent. the measure of ∠ABC is 1 of 30. divide 360 by 3 to ﬁnd the measure of one exterior angle of an equilateral triangle. 2 or 15°. To ﬁnd the measure of the angle. 166. Since ∠ACB is a + central angle. the measure of AB is 60°. A central angle of a circle is an angle whose vertex is the center of the circle and whose sides are radii of the circle. 97 . the measure of the intercepted XZ is equal to the measure of the angle. An equilateral triangle has three congruent sides and three congruent angles. 167. the measure of the intercepted AB is equal to the + is 90°. Since the sum of the degree measure of the exterior angles of any polygon is 360. The sum of the measures of the arcs that form a full circle is always 360°. 165. 161. c. A central angle of a circle is an angle whose vertex is the center of the circle and whose sides are radii of the circle. so therefore the exterior angles are also congruent. The measure of the central angle is always equal to the arc of the circle that it intercepts. An inscribed angle is an angle with its vertex on the circle and whose sides are chords of the circle. arcs of the circle. Therefore. So. d. 163. An inscribed angle is an angle with its vertex on the circle and whose sides are chords of the circle. the measure of ∠XYZ is 110°. the measure of AB measure of major A+ subtract 90 from the total degrees in the CB. A central angle of a circle is an angle whose vertex is the center of the circle and whose sides are radii of the circle.

The measure of an inscribed angle is equal to one-half the measure of the arc it intercepts. 171. the measure of AB tangents is equal to half the difference of the intercepted arcs. the measure of ∠YPZ is 55°. Use this fact and multiply each of the values in the ratio by x to write an equation. the measure of C+ is one-half of 360. respectively. Since the value of XY is 2x. 172. Since the measure of ∠BOC is 70° 1 + + and the intercepted AD is 110°. Divide + each side of the equation by 6. c. it divides the circle into two congruent parts. + Since the measure of ∠XYZ is 25°. 1 1 2 (210 – 150) = 2 (60) = 30°. Since AC is a diameter of the circle. which is 150°. In this problem. 2x + 2x + 1x + 1x = 360. The measure of an angle in the exterior of a circle formed by two 98 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 168. 169. Multiply each side of the equal sign by 2 to get 140 = 110 + + (measure of BC). e. subtract 125 from 180 + to ﬁnd the measure of AD. x = 60. a. c. The measure of an angle formed by two intersecting chords in a circle is equal to half the sum of the intercepted arcs. The measure of ∠ACB is 30°. The + + two intercepted arcs are AB. 2(60) = 120°. c. 6x = 360. Half of the sum of the intercepted arcs can be expressed as 1 1 2 (75 + 35) = 2 (110) = 55°. Find half of the difference of the two arcs. 173. An inscribed angle is an angle with its vertex on the circle and whose sides are chords of the circle. The + + intercepted arcs XW and YZ measure 75° and 35°. Since CD is a diameter of the circle. Combine like terms. Subtract 110 from each side to get 30 = measure + + of BC. the measure of XZ is twice the measure of the angle. Therefore. and APB. the measure of ABC + is equal to 180 – 30 = 150°. d. Thus. AD + or 180°. Therefore. The sum of all of the arcs of a circle equals 360°. Since the measure of AC is 125°. or 50°. 180 – 125 = 55°. The measure of an angle formed by two intersecting chords in a circle is equal to half the sum of the intercepted arcs. then 70 = 2 (110 + measure of BC). = 180°. which is 360 – 150 = 210°. 170. use the measures of the known arcs and angles + ﬁrst to help ﬁnd the measure of AB.

d. which is 50°. The measure of ∠AED is 15°. 2 (50 – 20) = 1 (30) = 2 15°. The + + two intercepted arcs are AD. which is 20°. 1 Find half of the difference of the two arcs. 1 1 2 (110 – 60) = 2 (50) = 25°. 99 . + and AC. and BC. e. The measure of an angle in the exterior of a circle formed by two secants is equal to half the difference of the intercepted arcs. The measure of an angle in the exterior of a circle formed by a tangent and a secant is equal to half the difference of the + intercepted arcs. 175. Find half of the difference of the two arcs. The two intercepted arcs are AB.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 174. which is 110°. The measure of ∠ADB is 25°. which is 60°.

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in planning a day. and even seconds become critical. Many of the problems will require you to make more than one conversion to arrive at a solution. days and weeks are important. hours would be ﬁrst converted to minutes and then minutes to seconds. for example. hours. a human lifetime can be measured in decades or years. After solving a problem. Time is measured in many different forms. minutes. as in the example above. you have the common sense to know that the answer will be a number much larger than two.5 Conversion—Time This chapter covers time conversions. By the “time’’ you ﬁnish this chapter you will have mastered this type of conversion. If a question asks how many seconds are in two hours. be sure to use common sense and ask yourself if the answer you arrive at is reasonable. The history of a country can be measured in centuries. 101 . In planning a vacation. Try these questions and read over the answer explanations.

How many years did Bill work for the steel manufacturer? a. 400 seconds 178. e.440 minutes 36 minutes 1. 60 years c. 100 minutes d. 24 minutes 1. 12 years 179. It took Kaitlyn two hours to ﬁnish her homework. 20 years d. 120 minutes e. How many seconds does Michael spend shaving each morning? a. Millie’s ancestors ﬁrst arrived in the United States exactly two centuries ago. 150 minutes 177. 64 seconds c. c. 6 years e.200 minutes 720 minutes 180. 30 years 102 . 240 seconds b. How many minutes did it take her to ﬁnish her homework? a. 200 seconds d. 200 years b. 50 years c. 30 years d. 60 minutes c. 100 years e. How many minutes are there in 12 hours? a. How many years ago did Millie’s ancestors arrive in the United States? a. 90 minutes b. Bill worked for a steel manufacturer for three decades.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 176. Michael takes four minutes to shave each morning. 15 years b. b. d. 120 seconds e.

150 minutes d. d. 2 hours e. e. 375 days 366 days 364 days 325 days 397 days 1 182. 60 minutes e. How many years old is Rita? a. 750 days 103 . 30 minutes b. 90 minutes c. 14. 400 days c. 40 years old 16 years old 64 years old 48 years old 80 years old 184. 24 hours c. b. How many minutes did the class have to ﬁnish the exam? a. Dias gave her math class exactly 1 2 hours to complete their ﬁnal exam. b. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 181. How many days comprise two years (assume that neither year is a leap year)? a. How many hours did she spend on the project? a. How many days are there in a leap year? a. 6 hours 185. Lucy spent 240 minutes working on her art project. 120 minutes 183. e. 200 days b. 4 hours d. c.400 hours b. 624 days d. 730 days e. Mrs. Rita is eight decades old. c.

175 seconds c. b. 180 seconds b. How many hours are there in one week? a. 60 seconds e. c. Lou just completed 48 months of service in the Army. How many years are there in ﬁve centuries? a. How many months old is she? a. 6 years d. d. b. 204 months 255 months 300 months 221 months 272 months 187. e. 35 years 125 years 250 years 400 years 500 years 1 189. 4 years c. Popcorn is microwaved for 3 2 minutes. d. 15 years 188. d. 12 years b. Jessica is 17 years old today.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 186. c. 80 seconds d. b. e. 168 hours 120 hours 84 hours 144 hours 96 hours 104 . How many years was Lou in the Army? a. 210 seconds 190. e. How many seconds is the popcorn microwaved? a. 10 years e. c.

How many years has the scientist spent studying this frog? a. Marty has lived in his house for 156 weeks. How many hours are in ﬁve days? a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 191. 30 years 195. b. c. 5 years c. How many years has he lived in his house? a. d. d. A scientist has spent the past two decades studying a speciﬁc type of frog. 10 years b. 20 years e. e. 11 years e. How many hours did he sleep? a. d. c. e. b. 84 minutes 42 minutes 151. 15 years d. e. 2. 60 hours 100 hours 120 hours 240 hours 600 hours 193. 9 hours 8 hours 7 hours 6 hours 5 hours 105 . 9 years 192. 3 years d. 2 years b. c. b.520 seconds is equivalent to how many minutes? a.200 minutes 126 minutes 252 minutes 194. 12 years c. Josh slept 540 minutes last night.

c. b. How many days old is Jacob? a. 3 decades c. How many months old is Rosa? a. 600 decades 198.000 seconds 7. b. 120 days 5 days 24 days 36 days 2 days 199. 120 seconds 240 seconds 2.200 seconds 197. 500 decades 100 decades 40 decades 50 decades 25 decades 200. 300 decades b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 196. b. 84 months 70 months 74 months 90 months 104 months 106 . How many seconds are in two hours? a. e. Today is Rosa’s seventh birthday. d. c. e. d. b. e. c. How many decades have they been married? a. How many decades are in ﬁve centuries? a.200 minutes old.400 seconds 72. Jacob is 7. e. d. c. 10 decades d. Betsy and Tim have been married 30 years. d. 6 decades e.

400 seconds d. 50 days 205. Peter is going on vacation in exactly ﬁve weeks.400 seconds 540 seconds 60 seconds 44. 40 days e. 60 months 720 months 48 months 660 months 960 months 203. b. b. Kyra’s biology class is 55 minutes long. 12 decades 204. e. 2 decades d. 10 decades e.000 seconds 960 seconds 107 . How many seconds are there in nine hours? a. 4. How many decades has Guy worked at his current job? a. 45 days b. 35 days d. d. c. 20 decades b. 3.600 seconds e.000 seconds b. Two hundred and forty months have passed since Guy started his current job. 3. c. 32. 5. 30 days c.300 seconds 202. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 201. 4 decades c. How many seconds long is the class? a.400 seconds c. 8. How many days until Peter goes on vacation? a. e. How many months are there in six decades? a.

10. 8. 108 minutes d. Wendy took out a car loan for 60 months. 2 years 207. How many months have passed since Joan’s house was built? a.400 months 108 . 3 years e. 200 months b. How many minutes did Lois spend on the project? a. 1. 5 years c. Lois spent a total of four hours working on her science project. How many years is the loan? a. 4 years d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 206.400 months d.200 months c. 48 minutes b. 2. 6 years b. 96 minutes c. Two centuries have passed since Joan’s house was built. 240 minutes 208.000 months e. 220 minutes e.

Multiply the number of minutes in an hour by the given number of hours. A leap year happens every four years and it has one more day than a regular year. Divide the total number of minutes by the number of minutes in an hour. 2 hours 60 minutes = 120 minutes. There are 60 seconds in one minute. there are 720 minutes in 12 hours. 177. February 29. There are 10 years in a decade. 12 hours minutes = 720 minutes. 184. 240 minutes ÷ 60 minutes = 4 hours. There are 60 minutes in each hour. 60 180. 8 decades 10 years = 80 years. Multiply the number of years in a century by the given number of centuries. Eight decades is therefore 80 years. There are 100 years in a century. There are 240 seconds in 4 minutes. A regular year has 365 days. there are 120 minutes in 2 hours. 1 1 hours is 2 equivalent to 90 minutes. b. a. Therefore. 109 . A decade is ten years. An hour has 60 minutes. 3 decades 10 years = 30 years. 183. c. Therefore. 4 minutes 60 seconds = 240 seconds. Multiply the number of minutes in an hour by the given number of hours. Multiply the number of years in a decade by the given number of decades. 182. There are 60 minutes in an hour. 179. 2 You can also think of it as one hour (60 minutes) plus another 1 2 hour (30 minutes) which is a total of 90 minutes. 2 centuries 100 years = 200 years. d. Three decades is 30 years. 178. b. Multiply the number of years in a decade by the given number of decades. 181. Multiply the number of minutes in an hour by the given number of hours. a. There are 4 hours in 240 minutes. so a leap year has 366 days. c. Multiply the number of seconds in a minute by the given number of minutes. Two centuries is 200 years. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 176. 1 1 hours 60 minutes = 90 minutes. e. There are 60 minutes in an hour.

b. Next. 193. there are 168 hours in a week. Divide the total number of seconds by the number of seconds in a minute. a. therefore. Multiply the number of years in a century by the given number of centuries. 5 centuries 100 years = 500 years. there are 24 hours in each of those days. there are 500 years in 5 centuries. There are 4 years in 48 months. 180 seconds + 30 seconds 2 = 210 seconds. 191. There are 60 seconds in a minute. b. First. 188.520 seconds is 42 minutes. d. e. There are 24 hours in each day. Divide the total number of weeks by the number of weeks in a year. e. There are 210 seconds in 3 1 minutes.520 seconds ÷ 60 seconds = 42 minutes. 2. 187. There are 120 hours in 5 days. 5 days 24 hours = 120 hours. Therefore.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 185. A year is 365 days. 365 days years = 730 days. Each year is 12 months. Therefore. there are 210 seconds in 3 1 minutes. There are 100 years in a century. Multiply the number of days in one week by the number of hours in each day. There are 12 months in a year. Multiply the number of seconds in a minute by the given number of minutes. 110 . 3 1 minutes 60 seconds = 210 2 2 seconds. There are 60 seconds in a minute. 189. 192. 190. Two years is 730 days. Multiply the number of hours in a day by the given number of days. 7 days 24 hours = 168 hours. 2 186. c. Multiply the number of days in a year by the given number of years. Each year is made up of 52 weeks. There are 204 months in 17 years. 156 weeks ÷ 52 weeks = 3 years. You can also think of it as 180 seconds in 3 minutes (3 minutes 60 seconds = 180 seconds) plus 30 seconds in 1 a 2 minute (1\2 minute 60 seconds = 30 seconds). c. a. 2. there are seven days in a week. There are 3 years in 156 weeks. Divide the total number of months by the number of months in a year. 17 years 12 months = 204 months. Multiply the number of months in a year by the given number of years. 48 months ÷ 12 months = 4 years.

there are 60 minutes in an hour. b.200 minutes ÷ 60 minutes = 120 hours). 55 minutes is 3. 10 years 2 decades = 20 years. b. 200. 120 hours ÷ 24 hours = 5 days. 5 centuries 10 decades = 50 decades. Multiply the number of months in a year by the given number of years. 196. Therefore. There are 60 seconds in a minute. 7. ﬁnd the number of seconds in those 120 minutes. e. 540 minutes is 9 hours. An hour is 60 minutes. 195. There are 100 years in a century. a. and ten years in a decade. There are ten years in a decade. 2 decades is 20 years. There are ten decades in a century (100 years ÷ 10 years = 10 decades). d. Multiply the number of years in a decade by the given number of decades. There are 12 months in a year. 120 minutes 60 seconds = 7. Therefore. First.200 seconds in 120 minutes. 198. 199.200 seconds. There are 60 minutes in one hour.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 194. 55 minutes 60 seconds = 3. A decade is ten years. there are 7. 197. so there are 120 minutes in 2 hours.300 seconds. Multiply the number of seconds in a minute by the given number of minutes. 7 years 12 months = 84 months. 120 hours is 5 days. Next. You must change minutes to hours. then hours to days. 540 minutes ÷ 60 minutes = 9 hours. First. 30 years ÷ 10 years = 3 decades. a. A minute is sixty seconds. d. e.200 minutes is 120 hours (7. Divide the total number of minutes by the number of minutes in an hour. There are 84 months in 7 years. Next. 111 . ﬁnd the number of minutes in 2 hours. determine how many decades are in one century. there are 24 hours in a day. First. there are ﬁfty decades in ﬁve centuries.300 seconds. Divide the total number of years by the number years in a decade. 201. 30 years is 3 decades.

Multiply the number of days in a week by the given number of weeks. There are seven days in a week.400 seconds in 540 minutes. Next. There are ten years in a decade. years to decades. there are 20 years in 240 months (240 months ÷ 12 months = 20 years). Since there are 12 months in one year. there are 60 seconds in a minute. multiply the total number of centuries by the number of years in a century. there are 32. Now. First convert hours to minutes. There are 2. divide this total number of years by the number of years in one decade. 540 minutes × 60 seconds = 32. Therefore. 208.400 seconds. There are 12 months in a year. First. a. 204. There are sixty minutes in an hour. e. multiply this number of years by the number of months in one year. c. There are 100 years in a century. and then change minutes to seconds. Therefore. 5 weeks 7 days = 35 days. there are 540 minutes in nine hours (9 hours × 60 minutes = 540 minutes). Four hours is 240 minutes. Sixty months is 5 years.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 202. b. There are 35 days in ﬁve weeks. Multiply the number of minutes in an hour by the given number of hours.400 months in 200 years. 60 months ÷ 12 months = 5 years. There are two decades in 20 years. There are 200 years in two centuries (2 centuries 100 years = 200 years). You must convert centuries to years. There are 12 months in a year. There are 12 months in a year. there are sixty years in six decades (6 decades 10 years = 60 years). 203. 200 years 12 months = 2. multiply this total number of years by the number of months in a year. c. 4 hours 60 minutes = 240 minutes. b. 205. You must convert the months to years and then. c. Now. determine how many years are in six decades. 206. 112 . then years to months. there are 720 months in 60 years (60 years 12 months = 720 months). There are sixty minutes in an hour. Therefore. divide the total number of months by the number of months in one year. 207. Divide the total number of months by the number of months in a year. First. First.400 months. Next. Since there are ten years in a decade. 20 years ÷ 10 years = 2 decades.

common errors and pitfalls show up in the answer choices. Read question and answer choices carefully and always double-check your answer before making your ﬁnal choice. You deal with money often in your everyday life. When you ﬁnish. on test questions. 6 113 . Often.Conversion— Dollars and Cents This chapter contains a series of questions that require currency conversions. There are also problems that deal with foreign currency exchange rates. you have the knowledge and skills necessary to tackle these problems. Do not get nervous. You will be provided with exchange rates. review the answer explanations to see how to solve each question. Converting between amounts of American currency is probably second nature to you.

d. e. e. e. c. e. b. c. c. b. 2 4 5 6 10 210. 80 40 10 100 250 211. Two quarters are equivalent to how many dimes? a. d. How many pennies are there in a half dollar? a. d. e. Three dimes and four nickels are equal to how many pennies? a. d. b. A $100 bill is equal to how many $5 bills? a. 7 34 70 12 50 114 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 209. c. 2 10 25 50 100 212. c. How many quarters are there in $10? a. 20 100 40 5 10 213. b. d. b.

000 100 1. 4 e. 17 218. d. 20 200 2. He gives the waitress a $20 bill and asks for the change in all $1 bills.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 214. 13 e. b. Marco needs quarters for the laundry machine. 20 c. e. c. d. e. 5 b. 25 b. 16 60 10 12 15 217. b. c. 8 50 16 80 100 115 . How many dimes are there in $20? a. c. 100 215. 2 d. Khai’s meal cost $7. 7 c. How many $1 bills does he receive? a. How many dimes are equal to 6 quarters? a.000 216. 5 d. Sixteen half-dollar coins is equal to how many dollars? a. e. b. How many quarters will he receive if he puts a $5 bill into the change machine? a. d.

d. b. The value of 100 quarters is equal to how many dollars? a. e.00 $15. e. c. d.50 $15.50 10 25 1 50 222. c. 2.50 116 . b. Sandra used the following chart to keep track of her tips.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 219. Anna has 20 dimes. How many nickels are there in three quarters? a. How many dollars is this? a. c. e.20 $10. b. 5 25 15 6 50 220. d. d. 1 2 5 10 20 221. $12. b. How much money did she make in tips? Currency Amount of Each Currency $1 bills Quarters Dimes Nickels 7 10 25 4 a. c. e.20 $12.

e. d. c.46 c. one nickel. 12 120 24 84 48 117 . This is equal to how many $1 bills? a. c. and one quarter are equal to how much money? a. $0.41 d. How many quarters are there in $12? a. d. 4 10 40 200 20 224. c. b. one dime.000 150 225. c.81 e. d. 5 25 50 125 20 226.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 223. b. d. e.28 b. e. Five quarters is equal to how many nickels? a. Jack has four $50 bills. 200 4 100 2. One penny. How many dimes are there in four half-dollars? a.01 227. b. b. $0. $0. e. $0. $1.

20 b. 25 e. 1 hour d. 4 hours 231. d. A parking meter allows 15 minutes for every quarter. How many nickels are there in 5 half-dollars? a.50 118 . Sonya buys a lamp that cost $25. how much time does he get on the meter? a. 15 e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 228. Luis won 50 nickels from the slot machine. 45 minutes c. 200 2. 2. 15 c. If Hung has $2 worth of quarters. b. 0. 5 c. 30 minutes b. 5 100 25 50 250 232.50 b. c. e.000 20 20. 50 d. 5 229. 25 d. b. 2 hours e. d.000 230. How many $5 bills does she receive as change? a. c. She hands the clerk a $100 bill and asks for her change to only be in $5 bills.000 1. How many pennies are there in a $20 bill? a. e. How many dollars is this? a.

00 d. d. d.00 c. b. $44. $70. 11 13 14 143 1. How many dollars is this? a. $10. c. c.30 e.80 d.S. Twenty dollars is equal to how many pesos? ($1 = 11 pesos) a.90 119 . Dana just returned from Europe where the exchange rate was $1 = 0.573 235. $16. dollars is this? Assume that the current exchange rate is 1 U. $48. If $1 is equal to 11 pesos. $56.S. e. dollar equals 1. $20. $13. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 233.00 b.80 b.30 Canadian dollars. 55 181 1. b. $80. 236. how many dollars are equal to 143 pesos? a. b. c. how many U. e. If a book costs 13 Canadian dollars. e. c. e. How many quarters are needed to equal the value of 35 dimes? a. She has 56 euros left over from her trip. $13.80 euros. a. 5 10 35 12 14 234.81 210 220 237.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 238.5416 45. $28.100 240.80 239. Thirty dollars is equal to how many yen? ($1 = 107 yen) a. c.S. dollars? Currency The Foreign Value Equivalent of $1 Australia Britain India Euro 1.40 d. If the exchange rate is 1 pound for every $1. dollars. e.S.7840 a.2842 0.50 b. b.210 2.420 0. how many dollars will he receive? a. $180. c. Australia Britain India Euro not enough information 120 .000 3. which is worth the most in U. if Tony had 1 unit of currency from each country. d.80. $65. d. b. e. Based on the following chart of exchange rates. 3. c. $113. $35.56 28 3. e. A British tourist needs to change 63 British pounds into U.

dollars? (1 U. 26 c.S. 10. 23 b. 15. How many Canadian dollars are equal to 20 U.80 121 .S.6 d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 241.40 e. 2. dollar = 1.3 Canadian dollars) a.

so divide $10 by this amount to get the number of quarters.10 = 1). $100 ÷ $5 = 20. 25 cents = 75 cents.25 = 1. a. b.10 = $2. Each quarter is worth $0. $0. Since he wants all $1 bills.50 by $0. $10 ÷ $0. so 6 quarters equals $1. Each quarter is worth $0. Each dime is worth $0.10 to get the number of dimes. There are four quarters in every dollar.10 = 15 dimes. c. 212.25.25 = 40 quarters. this is equal to 50 pennies. 220. 4 nickels equal 20 cents (4 × 5 cents). $20 – $7 = $13. 20 dimes 221. 215. Divide 75 cents by 5 cents to get the number of nickels.25 = 0. 30 + 20 = 50 cents.25. A half-dollar is worth 50 cents. 20 $5 bills is equal to $100.10. 213. Each dime is $0. e. b. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 209. $0. A half-dollar is equal to $0. Each dime is worth $0.50).00.50 (2 0.25. Each penny is a cent so there are 50 pennies. 214.50 = $8. b. There are 4 quarters in every dollar (4 . 16 219.10 so there are 10 dimes in every dollar (10 × . Multiply 10 by the dollar amount to get the number of dimes.50 ÷ $0. 218. 3 dimes equal 30 cents (3 10 cents).25 and so two quarters is equal to $0.50). 100 quarters ÷ 4 quarters/dollar = $25. 217. d. e.10 = 5 dimes. c.25 = 1). 210. he will receive 13 bills. b.50 (6 . 211. A quarter is worth $0.10.50 ÷ 0. 122 . 3 $0.50. The ﬁrst step is to ﬁgure out how much change he should receive. Each quarter is $0. Each quarter is worth 25 cents. Therefore.10. Each nickel is worth 5 cents. 75 ÷ 5 = 15 nickels. 4 $5 = 20 quarters. 216. 10 $20 = 200 dimes. c. Therefore. Each dime is worth $0. Divide $1. 1. Multiply 4 times the dollar amount to get the number of quarters. Add these two values together to get the total. a.

$2 231. e. 229. Each nickel is worth $0.25 ÷ $0. calculate the dollar amount of each form of currency. First. $0. There are 100 pennies in every dollar.10 = 20 dimes. Each half-dollar is worth $0.05.05) to ﬁnd the total number of nickels. Next.05 (the value of a nickel) = 25 nickels.00 by this value to get the number of dimes. 224.20. A half-dollar is equal to $0. $1 bills: $1 7 = $7. d. e. 227.50 ÷ $0. calculate how many $5 bills total $75.50. 228. 223.01 (penny) + $0. d. b.50. 230. A shortcut to this multiplication is to multiply the whole numbers (2 1) and then add the number of zeros at the end. which is equal to two hours (60 minutes per hour).25 5 = $1.50 + $0. A quarter is equal to $0. $50 225.10. b. The ﬁrst step is to ﬁgure out how much change she needs back. $12 4 quarters/dollar = 48 quarters. 50 nickels 123 .25.50. There are three zeros (1 from the 20. $0.50.000. a. There are four quarters in every dollar. $1.50 = $2. $100 – $25 (the cost of the lamp) = $75.20 = $12.05 (nickel) + $0. 4 = $200. $2. $2. 226.50 4 = $2. There are 4 quarters in every dollar. $7 + $2. $75 ÷ $5/bill = 15 bills. Quarters: $0.05/nickel = 50 nickels. Divide this amount by the value of one nickel ($0. Four quarters 15 min/quarter = 120 min.25. Nickels: $0.50.50 + $2.05 4 = $0.10 25 = $2. $0.50.05/nickel = $2. Multiply $50 by the number of bills.25 (quarter) = $0. $0. c. 5 232. $20 100 pennies/dollar = 2. e. divide $2.41. Therefore.25 10 = $2. so the total is 2.00.00 ÷ $0. Dimes: $0. d. this is equal to 200 $1 bills. b. add up all of the dollar values to get the total. Add up the amounts of each coin. Next. $0. 4 quarters/dollar = 8 quarters. two from the 100).000 pennies. Every quarter allows 15 minutes.10 (dime) + $0. Since each dime is worth $0.20.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 222.

dollars 1. 1 Indian unit would only be worth a small fraction of a dollar (1/45). Basically.5.5. Multiply. Set up the equation so that the appropriate units cancel out./$1. This is determined by looking for the lowest value in the chart.50.80. 1 British pound is worth almost $2.10/dime = $3. 35 dimes $0.3 to get the U.) 241. 1 pound $1/0. For example.S.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 233. Another 2 quarters would add the extra 50 cents. it takes approximately 45 Indian units to equal $1. (Divide 1 by 0. c. a.S per $1. Using the exchange ratio.50 ÷ $0. $3. by rounding 0. 239. 238.3 C = $10 U. dollars. The dollar signs cancel out so that the answer is in units of yen.80/1 pound = $113. Therefore.S. 143 235.25/quarter = 14 quarters. dollar amount. 12 quarters would equal $3. dollar = 26 Canadian dollars (20 1. Since the ratio is $1 U. b. e. $20 11 pesos/$1 = 220 pesos.3 = 26). 20 U. Therefore.S. b. 124 .30 Canadian.40.S. 107 yen/$1 = 3.5 pounds = $2. set up the equation so that the appropriate units cancel out. d.S. $30 240. b. Note that the dollar units cancel out to leave the answer in units of pesos. divide 13 by 1. An alternate solution would be to ﬁgure out that there are 4 quarters per dollar. e. 236. then $13 C U. One unit of the British currency would be worth the most in U.S. 56 euros You must divide 56 by 0. On the other hand.80 euros = $70. 1/0. 63 pounds $1. 234. The units of pounds cancel out so that you are left with the dollar value. pesos $1/11 pesos = $13 (143 ÷ 11 = 13 dollars). this would equal a total of 14 quarters (12 + 2 = 14).5416 to 0. b.3 Canadian dollars/1 U.210 yen. $1 237.

and is often used to show a relationship. Percents are used as the most common form of ratio. Sales. of two numbers. Use the answer explanations to review how to perform these important conversions. like decimals.Conversion— Fractions. are often rounded values. The 80 questions in this chapter will test your skill at this task. The fractional form of a number is the most exact method of naming a number. Decimals. which are rounded to the nearest hundredth. or ratio. Our number system is a decimal number system. Decimals are used to express monetary values. Percents. decimal. based on the powers of ten. or percent. and the three most common methods are by fraction. and tips are all based on percentages. and Percents There are many ways to name a number. taxes. or to the nearest cent. 7 125 . where a value is compared to one hundred. The decimal form of a number is used frequently in real life situations. It is important to be able to convert numbers from one of these forms to another.

b. d. e.25.25. 0. 246.50.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 242. 1. c. 126 .75. d. 0. e. 4 5 0. How much of the cake is this? a.25 is equal to a. 0.45.67 e. rounded to the nearest hundredth? a. d.75. 0. 0.50. 0. 0. c.50 d.25.10 0. is equal to a. c.20 0. b. 1. 0. 0.50. 1. b. 1 245. 1 3 4 243. 2.33 c.25. 1. 0. Maggie asked for 5 of the cake. 0.15 0. 0.50.75 244.50 0.50. 0. 1 2 is equal to 1 a. e. e. b.30. What is the decimal equivalent of 3 .80. d. 0. 0.90. c.13 b.

e.25.375 127 .75 2. e. What is 8 equal to? a.55 0. 2 3 is equal to what decimal. 1.67 1 1 249.90 248. 0.40 d.10 c. 0. 0. 0. d. d. b. 0. c.20. 0.10 b.20 d. 0. e. How much of his sandwich did he eat in total? a. 1. 0. Diego ate 5 his sandwich in the morning and another 5 at lunch.25 0. c. 0.50 1. d. 0.50 e.23 0.80 e. b.15.25. is equal to a.333 0.20 c. 0.33 2. rounded to the nearest hundredth? 2 a. 3 1 4 251.00 250.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 247. 0. b. 2.75. Ricky has completed 10 of ﬁnal project so far.60 0. How much is this in 1 decimal form? a. 0. c.05 b. 0.

0.15. D 4 1 1 C 20 B 5 A 2 1 1 254.80. 0. 0. 0. e. 0. 0. c. According to the pie chart. Jane wrote 3 of her paper on Monday and another 3 on Tuesday. is equal to 2. 11 5 a. d.20. 0. 0.20. c.50 d.5. area B is equal to a. 0.67 e.25 b. How much of her paper does she have left to ﬁnish? Round your answer to the nearest hundredth. 2.50. 1 1 253. b. 0. e. d.33 c.05.75 Refer to the following chart to answer questions 254–255. 0. a. 1.25. 1. 128 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 252.25.60. b.

30.25 e. 0. 0. 0. Tia promised her younger brother that she would give him 4 of her dollar.50 d. 0. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 255.25 b. e.30. 3 0.30. Written as a decimal. $0.80 d. 0.50 c. 3. 3 10 is equal to a.10 e. c.60 1 3 5 259.33 129 . 0. How much more does he have left to move? a.20 e.20 b.40 c.10.60 d.35. 0.70. $0. 0.25 c. $0. 0. b.20 b. $0.33. = a.60. 0. $0. Michael moved 5 of his furniture over the weekend and another 5 during the week. 3. 1 2 257.30.50. How much money did she give him? a.80 258. 3. 0. 0. 2. 0. 0. 0. e. c. area C plus area D is equal to a. 256. b. d.

d. 0.20 0.25 lb.33 0.25 0. –1.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 260. c.67 e.33 264.33 b.75 3 262. 0. 0. What is the decimal form of 3 . b. 0.50 0.75 lb.50 d.50 0. A customer at a deli orders 4 pound of sliced turkey. 0. of Maria’s salary goes towards taxes. b.80 0.33 lb. This is equal to a. –0. What is the decimal form of – 3 . 0.05 0. She is left with how much of her original salary? a.67 0.30 lb. –3. 0. c. d.10 2 261. What is 10 in decimal form? 1 a.67 d. 0. e. e. 0.30 c. d. 1.10 b. c.70 e. 0. rounded to the nearest hundredth? a. 0.33 c.80 lb. e. rounded to the nearest 11 hundredth? a. 1. 3. b.00 3 10 130 . 263.

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

265. What is the decimal form of 6 ? (Round two decimal places.)

5

a. b. c. d. e.

0.65 0.88 0.83 0.13 0.56

1

266. Max painted 2 of the room that he was hired to paint. His co-

**worker, Marie, painted 1 of the room. What is the decimal form of 2 the total amount painted? a. 0.75 b. 0.80 c. 0.50 d. 1.00 e. 0.90
**

1

267. – 2 =

a. b. c. d. e.

3

0.50 1.00 0.25 –0.25 –0.50

268. 1 4 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1.75 0.75 1.34 1.25 3.25

131

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following diagram for questions 269–270.

1 1 — A4 4 1 C — 2 1 1 — B4 4

269. A landscaper is instructed to cover areas B and C with grass. This

**is equal to how much of the entire area? a. 0.25 b. 0.50 c. 0.80 d. 0.60 e. 0.75
**

270. The landscaper then covered half of area A with brick. In decimal

**form, how much of the entire area (A, B, and C) was covered with brick? a. 0.15 b. 0.25 c. 0.125 d. 0.333 e. 0.50
**

271. 3 4 =

1

a. b. c. d. e.

3.75 0.75 3.50 3.25 1.50

132

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

272. 0.40 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1 4 1 5 2 5 3 4 3 5

273. 0.75 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1 4 1 5 2 7 3 4 3 5

274. 2.25 =

a. 2 1 4 b. 2 1 5 c. d. 1 3 4 e. 2 3 5

275. –0.05 =

2 5

a. b. c. d. e.

1 20 – 210 1 2 –1 2 5 10

276. A painter needed 0.80 L of paint for a project. This is equal to

a. b. c. d. e.

1 4 1 5 2 5 3 4 4 5

L L L L L

133

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following table for questions 277–279.

Portion of Assignment Doug Jane A.J. Marie 0.25 0.10 0.05 0.60

277. Doug, Jane, A.J., and Marie divided up their assigned project

**according to the chart. What fraction of the total project were Doug and A.J. responsible for? a. 1 4 b. c. d. e.
**

7 20 3 10 3 4 2 5

278. What fraction was Marie responsible for?

a. b. c. d. e.

1 4 1 5 2 5 3 4 3 5

279. If Jane dropped out of the group and A.J. took over her part of the

**project, what fraction was A.J. now responsible for? a. 1 4 b. c. d. e.
**

1 5 1 10 3 20 1 20

134

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

280. Negative 1.5 is equal to

a. 1 1 . 2 c. – 2 . 5 e.

3 5.

b. –1 1 . 5 d. –1 1 . 2

281. Dat ordered 0.8 lb of smoked turkey, 0.5 lb of low-fat turkey, and

1.0 lb of honey roasted turkey from the deli. How many pounds of turkey did he order in total? a. 2 1 3 b. 1 130 c. d. 1 1 2

4 5

e. 2 130

282. 0.125 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1 25 1 8 2 5 1 2 1 5

283. 0.10 written as a fraction is

a. b. c. d. e.

1 100 . 1 5. 2 5. 1 10 . 3 10 .

284. Hilary sold 0.70 of her paintings at the fair. This is equal to

a. b. c. d. e.

1 7. 7 10 . 2 7. 7 100 . 3 5.

135

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

285. 3.3 =

a. b. c. d. e.

3 33 1 130 3 130 33 4 3 3

**Refer to the following chart for questions 286–288.
**

Division of Company Earnings 1st Qtr. 0.25 4th Qtr. 0.35 2nd Qtr. 0.1

3rd. Qtr 0.3

286. What fraction of the company’s earnings was made in the third

quarter? a. 1 4 b. c. d. e.

3 10 1 10 7 20 3 5

287. What fraction of the company’s earnings was made in the ﬁrst two

quarters? a. 2 5 b. c. d. e.

3 10 1 2 7 20 3 5

136

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

288. A competing company’s ﬁrst-quarter earnings were double the

fraction of this company’s ﬁrst quarter. What fraction was earned in the ﬁrst quarter of the competing company? a. 1 2 b. c. e.

1 4 2 5 3 5

d. 1 1 2

289. 0.20 =

a. b. c. d. e.

1 5 2 15 1 10 1 4 1 20

290. 1.90 =

a. 1 1 4

**b. 1 130 c. 1 110 d. 1 190 e.
**

1 90

291. –0.45 =

a. – 1 4 b. c. d. e.

9 10 – 290 –4 9 – 154

292. Andre mowed 0.15 of the lawn in the morning and 0.50 of the

**lawn in the afternoon. How much more of the lawn does he have left to mow? a. 1 5 b. c. d. e.
**

7 20 7 15 2 5 3 10

137

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

293. A group of ﬁve friends went out to dinner and decided to split the

bill evenly. If each person was expected to pay 0.20 of the total bill, what fraction should Dave pay if he was paying for both his meal and his wife’s meal? a. 1 4 b. c. d. e.

3 5 2 7 1 5 2 5

294. 0.05 is equal to

a. b. c. d. e.

1 20 . 1 5. 1 10 . 5 30 . 1 2.

295. 1.75 =

a. 1 1 5 b. 1 3 5 c. d. e.

1 75 11 4 13 4

296. Mia ran 0.60 km on Saturday, 0.75 km on Sunday, and 1.4 km on

**Monday. How many km did she run in total? a. 1 1 km 5 b. 1 3 km 4 c. 2 1 km 4 d. 2 3 km 4 e. 3 1 km 2
**

297. 0.80 is equal to

a. b. c. d. e.

3 5. 8 11 . 4 50 . 4 5. 2 3.

138

Amount of Paint Needed to Paint Different Pieces of Furniture Amount of Paint Needed Bookcase Desk Chair 0. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 298. 1 4 b.25 off its original price. Jake has two chairs to paint. d. have to pay for the lamp? a. 1 5 1 2 1 4 3 4 1 8 L L L L L 300. 3 4 1 2 2 3 4 5 Refer to the following table for questions 299–301. 1 1 L 2 b. e. How much paint is needed to paint a bookcase and a desk in total? a. R.65 L 0. What fraction of its original price will R. b. 1 L 139 .25 L 299. d. found a lamp on sale for 0. 49 50 L 1 110 L 1 210 L e. How much paint will he need? a. d. c.J. c.40 L 0. c.J.

Jill had ﬁnished stocking 4 of the shelves. 75% d. e. d. rounded to the nearest percent. 20% b. 1 2 2 5 3 4 3 5 L L L = a. 25% 3 305. d. 80% 140 . 40% e. b. 20% b. 50% c. 10% 2 303. 304. is 3 ? a. 33% e. By lunch.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 301. 2 5 33% 50% 60% 25% 67% = a. chair. 302. 50% d. 80% c. What percentage is this? a. 75% b. 1 4 L 5 b. e. How much paint will she have leftover? a. c. Chris has a dresser. 25% c. 25% e. She buys 2 L of paint. 1 2 L 5 c. and desk to paint. What percent. 50% d.

d.) a. b. to the nearest percent? a. 70% d. 33% d. What 2 percentage of his goal does he have left. 67% c. = 35% 7% 14% 40% 44% 141 . A ﬁsherman met 3 of his weekly goal after three days. c. 11% e. Ryan spends 11 of his monthly salary on rent. 30% e. 16% b. What percentage is 7 this? (Round to the nearest whole number. 64% c. 60% 307. 60% 308.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 306. 25% b. e. 7 20 a.

Division of Coins in Register Quarters 1 — 6 Pennies 2 — 5 Nickels 1 10 10 Dimes 1 — 3 309. 142 . 80%. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following pie chart to answer questions 309–310. 45%. 10% c. b. 40% b. 40%.) a. c. c. What percentage of the coins were pennies and nickels? a. What percentage of the coins in the cash register were quarters? (Round to the nearest whole number. d. 35% 310. 4\5 is equal to a. 33% d. 40% 50% 75% 60% 15% 311. b. e. e. 60%. 17% e. 25%.

c. e. e. 3 20 3 5 7 20 1 5 1 6 315. d. 25% = a. b. b. Lia ﬁnished 25% of her assignment the ﬁrst week and 50% the second week. 4 5. 9 20 . 7 20 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 312. 3 5. 313. e. c. 1 3 2 3 6 7 3 5 2 5 316. c. d. Sam bought 15% of the new stock shipment. b. c. 60% = a. 1 4 1 5 2 5 1 2 3 20 314. 1 4 b. What fraction of her assignment has she done? a. e. d. 3 5 3 4 1 2 2 5 143 . 45% is equal to a. c. What fraction is this? a. d. e. d. b. 2 5.

e. A delivery man ﬁnished 20% of his deliveries in the morning and another 20% in the early afternoon.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 317. 1 4 b. 3 5 1 3 1 5 2 5 144 . 125% = a. 1 3 5 c. Taylor ended up giving 20% of her proﬁts to a charitable 1 5 foundation. e. d. c. 1 1 4 b. 1 4 b. e. 1 2 5 d. c. d. 3 5 2 5 1 5 1 2 318. What fraction does he have left to deliver? a. 1 2 5 319. What fraction of her proﬁts is this? a.

2 5 7 20 1 10 1 5 1 100 321.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following table for questions 320–321. If Anna gives up her percentage to Sandra. d. e. Percentage of Company Owned Sandra Anna Kelly Ria 35% 15% 10% 40% 320. b. d. What fraction of the company does Kelly own? a. what fraction of the company will Sandra own? a. e. c. c. 3 5 2 3 2 5 1 2 145 . 1 4 b.

5 1.75 . 0. 5 4. c. b. Divide 1 by 5 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal. 1 2 is a mixed number.333 . 1. by the denominator. ﬁrst take the whole number (in this case. Divide 4 by 5 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal.0 + 0. 3 1. 2 1. To convert this into a decimal.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 242.20 . e. b. 1) and place it to left of the decimal point. Divide 1 by 10 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal.00 146 . 245.80 .50). divide the numerator.00 243. 10 1.00 246. b. To convert a fraction to a decimal.50 (1. Divide the numerator by the denominator. 4.000 Round the answer to the hundredths place (two decimal places) to get the answer 0. 1 244. 3.10 . 0.00 Putting these two steps together gives the answer. a. 1 ) and 2 convert it to a decimal by dividing the numerator by the denominator.50 = 1.50 .00 247. Then take the fraction (in this case. 0. 4 3. 0. 0. 0.33.

0. 147 . 3 2. a quicker method is to simply divide the numerator by the denominator.67. Add the two numbers together to get 2.0 + 2 . she 1 1 has written 2 of her paper.00 251. Therefore. Divide 5 5 5 5 the numerator by the denominator to get the decimal form. then in total. 4 1. 3 3 3 0. Convert 3 3 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 248. lunch.20 . 2 2 = 2. 3 – 2 = 1 . 5 2. d. Divide 1 by 3 to ﬁnd the decimal form. If Jane wrote 3 of her paper on Monday and 3 on Tuesday. This is a mixed number so ﬁrst separate the whole number from the fraction.00 253. b. 5 11. paying close attention to the decimal point. 249. Round the answer to the nearest hundredth (two 3 1. Divide 3 by 8 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal. 5 is an improper fraction. 1 + 1 = 2 .375 . 8 3.67 = 2. (2. she has 1 left 3 3 3 3 3 to write.666 .000 Round the answer to the hundredths place (two decimal places). However.40 . 0. b. One way of solving this problem is 11 to convert the improper fraction into a mixed number which can then be converted into a decimal as in previous problems. c.67). e.0 + 0. If Diego ate 5 of his sandwich in the morning and another 5 at 1 1 2 3 into a decimal.000 252. to get 0.000 decimal places) to get 0. 0. 1 + 1 = 2 . 2. he ate 2 of his sandwich.67. e.00 250.33. Divide 1 by 4 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal.333 .25 .

30 = 3.20 . area B is equal to 5 .0 + 10 3. 0. 0. This is a mixed number so it can be broken down into the 1 4 whole number plus the fraction. d. Divide 1 by 5 in 1 order to convert the fraction into a decimal. To ﬁnd out how much money she gives her brother.00 258.0 + 130 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 254. First convert each area separately from a fraction to a decimal. Divide 3 by 10 to convert the fraction to a decimal. 5 2.00 148 . 4 1.30. 3.00 255. 5 1.60 .00 0. b. Area D = 256. First.05 . a.25 . ﬁgure out how much furniture he moved in total. 0.30 . 3 130 = 3.25 = 0. 5 3. divide 1 by 4. b.00 0. 259. Area C = 1 20 = 0.40 .25 . 257.30. 1 2 Subtract this number from 5 to calculate how much he has 5 left to move. 5 – 3 = 2 . Divide 3 by 5 to convert from a fraction into a decimal.05 + 0. The ﬁnal step is to convert this fraction 5 5 5 into a decimal by dividing 2 by 5. 0. 5 + 5 = 3 5. Therefore. Then add these two decimals together to 4 1.00 = 0. c. 0.00 get the total area. e. According to the pie chart. 20 1.

e.83.000 266. ﬁgure out the fraction of her salary that she is left with. d. 265. –1 3 is a mixed fraction and is equal to the whole number plus 1 the fraction. d. b. 4 3. (two decimal places).33. Divide 1 by 10 to convert the fraction into a decimal.67.70 . 10 7.000 the nearest hundredth. Divide 2 by 3 to convert the fraction into a decimal. Then convert this to a fraction by dividing 7 by 10.10 . –1 1 = –(1 + 1 ). Max paints 2 the room and Marie paints 2 the room which 1 1 equals 1. To ﬁgure out the decimal equivalent. 10 1.666 . Round two decimal places to get 0.333 . Divide 5 by 6 to convert the fraction into a decimal.00 263. Round this portion of the answer to 3 1.00 149 . –(1 + 0.33) = –1. Finally. First. Divide 1 by 2 in order to convert the fraction into a decimal. 0. c.00 261.833 . 0. 0. c. to get 0. 262. 264. 267.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 260. 0. Round this answer to the nearest hundredth (two 3 2. e. 0.50. 0.0 (1 2 + 1 2 = 2 2 2 ).00 10 10 7 10 . divide 3 by 4. – 130 = 0.000 decimal places) to get 0. 2 1.50 .75 .33.0. 6 5. a. add the negative sign to get –0. 2 = 1. Convert 1 into a decimal by 3 3 3 dividing 1 by 3.

The mixed number is equal to the whole number plus the fraction.000 1 1 — 8 8 A 1 1 — 4 4 B 1 — 4 C 1 — 2 2 271.0 + 0.00 269.0 + 3 .75. Divide 1 by 8 to convert the fraction to a decimal.0 + 0. 1. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 268.125 . 4 3. 8 1. 0. so 4 ÷ 2 = 8 .25 = 3.75 . 3. Divide 1 by 4 to convert the fraction to a 4 4 decimal. 2 = 4 . 0. Separate the mixed number into the whole number plus the fraction. 3 1 = 3. First. 1 3 = 1. 4 3.25. Half of area A is covered with brick. 4 1.0 + 1 . 1 2 1 2 3 Then divide 3 by 4 to get the decimal form. ﬁgure out the total area of B and C. a. so 4 + 4 = 4 . d.00 1 1 1 270.75 = 1.75 . 0.00 150 . e. Area A = 4 .25 . 0. Convert the fraction to a decimal by 4 4 dividing 3 by 4.

the 4 is in the tenths place. e. Then. a. 279. Adding the whole number. 5 273. 12050 ÷ 25 = 1 . which can then be reduced by dividing the top and bottom by 25. 5 151 . which is two places to the right of the decimal point. 0. Convert this to a fraction and reduce.’s portion (0. so divide the numerator and the denominator by 2. the 8 is in the tenths place. 2. c.60). 130 is the answer because this fraction cannot be reduced. 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 25 4 274. Look at the table to ﬁnd out what portion Marie was responsible for (0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 272. 278. 100 ÷ 5 = 20 . b. 0. Add this to A. which is one place to the right of the decimal).25 involves a whole number. 11050 ÷ 5 = 230 . which is the 2 to the left of the decimal. The ﬁnal fraction is 2 . The number 2 is the greatest common factor of 4 and 10.25 into a fraction.25 + 0. the fraction would be 140 .05). The number 2. In 0. 6 2 3 10 ÷ 2 = 5 . Therefore.4.J.J. have to do to ﬁnd the total.8. the 75 is in the hundredths place. do not 5 5 1 forget to add the negative sign to get – 210 . d. the fraction would be 17050 . First convert –0. To convert a decimal to a fraction. the greatest common factor of 75 and 100.05 = 0. Reduce the fraction by dividing the top and bottom by 2 to get 4 . 276. 4 275.75. which is one place to the right of the decimal point.10 + 0. This means that the answer will be a mixed number—a whole number plus a fraction. 5 277. 0.05 into a fraction. In this decimal. 25 4 to this fraction gives the answer 2 1 . In the decimal 0. Convert the 0. add up the portion that Doug and A. Now the fraction needs to be reduced to its lowest terms.10). First. e. d. Look at the table to ﬁnd out Jane’s portion (0.15. Therefore. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce. Then convert this into a fraction by placing 3 over 10 (since the 3 falls in the tenths place. ﬁrst note the number of place positions to the right of the decimal point. c. so the fraction would be 180 .30.05 = 0.

The ﬁnal mixed number answer is the whole number (3) plus the fraction ( 130 ). Convert this to a fraction by using 10 as the denominator since the 3 in 0. The 5 is in the tenths place. so this part is the fraction. 0. which cannot be reduced.25. 3.0 = 2. 130 is the answer since this fraction cannot be further reduced. 150 ÷ 5 = 1 .35. The answer is 2 130 .3. the ﬁrst-quarter earnings were 0. 130 . 286. 2 281. 283. In the decimal. Refer to the pie chart and add the values for the ﬁrst two quarters.5). Since there is a number. 0. The ﬁnal mixed number is the whole number (1) plus the fraction ( 1 ).5 + 1. the answer is –1 1 . The 3 is in the tenths place. Since there is a number. this will be the whole number. 0.0 125 1 125 = 8 .3 is to the right of the decimal point. The fraction is found by using the number to the right of the decimal. the fraction would be 1 10 . Convert this to a fraction and then reduce. Convert this decimal to a fraction and reduce. so the fraction is 130 .3. 1. this is the whole number. to the left of the decimal point. If the competing company earned twice that amount in their ﬁrst quarter. According to the pie chart. The fraction is 11200 ÷ . 0. In the decimal 0. 125 is the 5 greatest common factor of 125 and 1.10 = 0. they must have earned 0. Place the 7 over 10 to get the fraction which cannot be further reduced. 282. Therefore. Refer to the pie chart to get the value for the third quarter.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 280. the 125 is in the thousandths place. 0. 5 288. a. b. the 7 is in the tenths place.25 + 0.10. since it is three places to the right of the decimal point. e.3 is in the tenths place.8 + 0. d. and add it to the fraction. to the left of the decimal. which is to the left of the decimal. 3 + 130 = 3 130 . 7 10 . d. so the fraction is 150 which can be reduced to 1 (divide both the 2 numerator and the denominator by 5). 0.000. In the decimal. b. 287. c.125. 285. 13050 ÷ 5 = 270 . Add up the three different values of turkey to get the total amount.5 (0. 284. the 1 is in the tenths place.70. d. b.25 2 = 0. Adding the 2 negative. Convert this to a fraction by taking the whole number. 2. 5 2 152 .

40.50 = 0.20 2 = 0. 1. is the number to the left of the decimal. the 5 is placed over 100 and then reduced. Convert this into a fraction by adding the whole number.15 + 0.75 km. d.05.20 of the bill. This will be a mixed number. the fraction would be 190 .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 289. 9. Each person has to pay for 0. 13050 ÷ 5 = 270 . 5 290. 14050 ÷ 5 = 290 . the number to the right of the decimal.35. Add up the amounts that Andre has already mowed to get a total. The fraction is the number to the right of the decimal. 4 296. d. To convert this to a fraction. In the decimal. In the decimal. 2 5 294. Divide both the numerator and denominator by 2 to reduce the fraction and get 1 . the number to the left of the decimal. This will be a mixed number. Place the 8 over 10 to get 180 and then reduce the fraction by dividing the top and bottom by 2 to get 4 . 15 ÷ 5 = 210 00 5 295. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce.4 = 2. The whole number plus the fraction is 1 190 . Since the 9 is in the tenths place.60 + 0. the 2 is in the tenths place so the fractions would be 120 . 1. Then subtract this from one in order to calculate how much more he has left to mow. 291. 0. the 5 falls in the hundredths place (two places to the right of the decimal. b. 5 153 . which is a whole number. 0. and a fraction. Adding 25 4 the whole number and fraction together gives the answer 1 3 .65 = 0. c. 4 297. 1. the 45 is in the hundredths place (two places to the right of the decimal).65. 2. In the decimal 0. a. e.80. 0. so Dave must pay twice that amount for him and his wife. d. 140 ÷ 2 = 2 . The 25 4 answer is 2 3 km. 0. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce. Convert this to a fraction and then reduce. e. 0. the 8 is in the tenths place (one place to the right of the decimal). Add up the individual distances to get the total amount that Mia ran.20. The fraction is 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 . The whole number. 292.0 – 0. a.45. 5 293.75 + 1. to the fraction: 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 . 0. Do not forget to attach the 5 negative sign to get and answer of – 290 . In the decimal.

The 5 is in the hundredths place.75 (1. Therefore. Add the amounts of paint needed for the bookcase and the desk. Convert 0. 6 2 3 10 ÷ 2 = 5 L.75 + 0.50 L of paint. 0. 2.4 L. and desk. This is how much paint she will have left over. 0.66 . e. then the sale price will be 0.25 off of its original price. Round to 0.65 + 0.40 = 1.6 L. so 5 1 5 100 ÷ 5 = 20 . 2. 15000 ÷ 50 = 1 L.67 and multiply by 100 to get 3 2.0 – 0.05 L.25 L of paint. e. Then subtract this amount from the total amount of paint that Chris bought. 2 L.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 298. 301. by the denominator. 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 .40 = 1. 1. 3.50. one chair requires 0. 0.75). If the lamp is 0. ﬁrst convert the fraction to a decimal by dividing the numerator by the denominator. Adding the whole number and fraction gives the answer 1 210 L. 154 . b.67 100 = 67%.5 .25 + 0. Convert 0.75 into a fraction and reduce.05 into a fraction and reduce. 0. 303. This will be a mixed number. 25 4 299. 50 2 300.25 = 0. The ﬁrst step is to add the amounts of paint needed for the dresser. Divide the numerator. plus a fraction form of 0. 0.0 multiplying by 100. 0. b. two chairs need 0. chair. Convert this to a fraction and reduce. Convert this number to a fraction and reduce. d. 0.0 – 1. Convert the decimal to a percentage by 2 1.05. b. which is a whole number.25 2 = 0. 302.5 100 = 50%.4 = 0. According to the table.00 the percentage. To convert from a fraction to a percentage. to convert to decimal form.

by the denominator. Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. d.33 . c. Divide 7 by 20 to get the decimal form.33 100 = 33%. a.000 Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. ﬁsherman has left. 0.35 100 = 35%.33 with rounding. 0.0 Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. 3. 11 7. 0. 308. 0. Divide 3 by 4 to get the decimal form.636 100 = 63. 3 – 2 = 1 . b. 0.40 × 100 = 40%. Next.6%. The ﬁrst step is to ﬁnd out what fraction of his goal the 307.35 . 7. .501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 304. by the denominator.4 . 4 3.00 Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. Divide 2 by 5 to get the decimal form. 0.75 100 = 75%. 305.00 which is equal to 0. 0. a. 3 1. 20 7. 155 . 0. 0. First. 0.75 306. convert this to decimal form 3 3 3 by dividing the numerator.636 . divide the numerator. 1. 5 2. 11. Round this percentage to the nearest whole number to get 64%.00 Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage.

c. 4. 15 ÷ 100 = 0. 1 Divide 1 by 6 to get the decimal form. d. + 110 = 140 + 110 = 150 = 1 . Divide 60 by 100 to get the decimal form. 2 1. 0. Divide 25% by 100 to get the decimal form.25. 60 ÷ 100 = 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 309. Place 45 over 100 and reduce the fraction. 14050 ÷ 5 = 290 .60. the 45 is in the hundredths place (two places to the right of the decimal). 312.45. 0.5 100 = 50%.8 . 16000 ÷ 20 = 3 . 25 25 1 100 ÷ 25 = 4 . by the denominator. 314. 25 ÷ 100 = 0. In the decimal.5 . Add the fraction of pennies and nickels together to get the total. 0. Place this number over 100. Divide 1 by 2 to get the decimal form. using the greatest common factor of 20. 2 5 311.0 0. Multiply this 6 1.0 percentage. 45% ÷ 100 = 0. a. Place this number over 100 and reduce the fraction. since it is two decimal places to the right of the decimal point.00 number by 100 and round to the nearest whole number.17 100 = 17%. d. 0.45 (move the decimal two places to the left).8 100 = 80%. b. and reduce the fraction. to get the decimal form.166 . Multiply this number by 100 to get the percentage. Place this number over 100 and reduce the fraction. Divide 15% by 100 to get the decimal form. 2 0. 15 3 5 100 ÷ 5 = 20 . 5. 5 313. quarters represent 6 of the coins. According to the pie chart. Multiply this number by 100 to get the 5 4. a. Divide the numerator. 20 5 156 . 310.15. The ﬁrst step is to convert the percentage into a decimal by dividing by 100. 315. 0. c.

Since the 5 is in the tenths place.75. 75% ÷ 100 = 0. Since the 6 is in the tenths place (one place to the right of the decimal). 1 1 1 + 4 = 14. 0. 321. and the number to the right of the decimal will be made into the fraction. 2 157 . Divide this number by 100 to get the decimal form. The ﬁrst step is to ﬁgure out what percentage he has delivered already. This will be a mixed number (a whole number plus a fraction). 60 ÷ 100 = 0. 10% ÷ 100 = 0. 100% – 40% = 60%.60. Place 75 over 100 and reduce the fraction. 1. Add this amount to Sandra’s portion in order to get Sandra’s new total.25. 20% ÷ 100 = 0. 25 4 317. Divide this number by 100 to get the decimal form. c. The 1 is in the tenths place. Add 25% and 50% in order to ﬁgure out the total that Lia has ﬁnished thus far. Anna owns 15% of the company. e. a. According to the table. 5 320. so the fraction is 110 . convert the decimal to a fraction by placing 6 over 10 and reducing the fraction. 125% ÷ 100 = 1. 25% + 50% = 75%.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 316. Divide this number by 100 to get the decimal form. Kelly owns 10% of the company. Divide 20% by 100 to get the decimal form. so the number to the left of the decimal will be the whole number. the fraction will be 150 . Divide the numerator and denominator by 5 to reduce the fraction to 1 . 50% ÷ 100 = 0.2.25 converted to a fraction is 25 25 1 100 ÷ 25 = 4 .1. Divide 125% by 100 in order to get the decimal form. 20% + 20% = 40%. d. b. 319. 15% + 35% = 50%. 2 10 ÷ 2 2 = 1.5. c. Then subtract this number from 100% to ﬁgure out how much he has left to deliver. Add the whole number and the fraction together. Place 2 over 10 to get the fraction and reduce. 6 2 3 10 ÷ 2 = 5 318. Divide this number by 100 to get the decimal form. 17050 ÷ 25 = 3 .

.

such as the diameter of an electron. scientists frequently deal with very large numbers.0. such as the distance from Earth to Mars. or with very small numbers.000 or 0.000. The small box to the right of the 10 is a power of 10. the exponent. The power of 10 indicates whether the number is greater than 10. and you must understand how to convert them from decimal notation to scientiﬁc notation. or very small numbers. This notation was invented to allow numbers such as 123. In their work. (a negative exponent). The second box represents the rest of the digits. or from scientiﬁc notation to decimal notation. 10 The ﬁrst box represents one whole number digit that cannot be zero.00000000034 to be expressed without writing either the leading or trailing zeroes. Scientiﬁc Notation is a very speciﬁc form of expressing a number: 8 . without showing any trailing zeroes.500. or smaller than 1.Conversion— Scientific Notation and Decimals Scientists developed scientiﬁc notation as a method of naming numbers. (a positive exponent). The 159 . In this chapter you will encounter very large numbers.0.

160 . the decimal point would have been moved left and the power (exponent) in scientiﬁc notation will be positive. ﬁrst change the number to be a decimal between 1 and 10. To convert a number in scientiﬁc notation to a regular decimal number. Use the following questions and answer explanations for practice on these types of problems. and trailing zeroes may need to be included. move the decimal point the number of placeholders as dictated by the power of 10. the decimal point would have been moved right and the power (exponent) in scientiﬁc notation will be negative. the resulting number is greater than 10. Show this decimal as being multiplied by a power of 10. therefore the decimal point will be moved to the left. the resulting number is less than 1.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions absolute value of the exponent instructs you how far the decimal point was moved in the original number to be expressed as scientiﬁc notation.0. If the power (exponent) is negative.0. therefore the decimal point will be moved to the right.0.0. by moving the decimal point. For any original number less than 1. If the power (exponent) is positive. determined by the number of placeholders that the decimal point was moved. For any original number greater than 10. and leading zeroes may need to be included. To change a number to scientiﬁc notation.

5 0. 580 converted to scientiﬁc notation form is a. c. 104.1 10–5. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 322. 5.5 4. b.0 5. b.000045 = a. d. 5. 0. c. 105.45 10–5 105 10–6 10–4 105 325. 5. 58. b. 58. 323.8 90.0 105 104 106 10–6 107 326.41 54. e. 106. 0.41 541 5. e. d. b. Five million = a.8 9.8 102. 161 . 580 103.0 102. d.0 0. 105.0 101.08 9. c.0 5. 10–2. d.5 45 4. c. 9. 324.5 5. 541. e. e.000 in scientiﬁc notation is a. d. e. 5.0908 in scientiﬁc notation form is a. 4.08 102.41 5. 10–3.08 90. 103.80 10–2. 10–2. c.

623 104 miles e. 1. 2. 0. b.3 103 miles b. 4. 4.0 109 108 10–8 10–7 108 162 .9 13 1. b. 4.623 105 miles c. e. What is this number in scientiﬁc notation? a.0 20 2. c.3 1.0 2. e. c.3 104 10–4 104 104 103 329.230 miles on it. d.623 10–5 miles 328.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 327. Four thousand plus nine thousand = a. 4.3 4. 462.0 2. d.6 10–5 miles d.00000002 = a. Juan checked his odometer and found that his car had 46.

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Refer to the following chart for questions 330–331.
**

Company Earnings per Quarter 1st Quarter $74,000

4th Quarter $120,000

2nd Quarter $86,900

3rd Quarter $109,100

330. What is the total amount of earnings in the second quarter in

**scientiﬁc notation? a. $8.69 10–5 b. $8.69 103 c. $86.9 104 d. $8.69 104 e. $8.69 105
**

331. What is the total amount of earnings in the ﬁrst and fourth

**quarters together, expressed in scientiﬁc notation? a. $1.94 105 b. $19.4 104 c. $1.2 106 d. $8.6 105 e. $8.6 10–5
**

332. What is 0.000009001 in scientiﬁc notation?

a. b. c. d. e.

9.0 10–6 9.0 106 9.001 10–6 9.001 106 9,001 10–9

163

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

333. 50 =

a. b. c. d. e.

5 10–1 50 101 0.5 103 5 101 5 102

334. There are 1,000,000,000 nanometers in every meter. How many

**nanometers is this in scientiﬁc notation? a. 1 109 nm b. 0.1 109 nm c. 1 1010 nm d. 10 1010 nm e. 1 108 nm
**

335. 2,340.25 written in scientiﬁc notation is

a. b. c. d. e.

2.34025 2,340.25 2.34025 2.34025 2.34025

105. 102. 103. 102. 104.

336. What is – 0.0063 written in scientiﬁc notation?

a. b. c. d. e.

6.3 10–3 6.3 104 63 104 –6.3 10–3 –6.3 103 104 = 0.000843 0.00843 84,300 8,430,000 8,430

337. 8.43

a. b. c. d. e.

164

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

338. 2

a. b. c. d. e.

10–3 = 0.002 0.0002 2,000 200 0.020

339. The moon is approximately 2.52 × 105 miles from the earth. What

**number is this equal to? a. 2,520 b. 25,200,000 c. 2,520,000 d. 25,200 e. 252,000
**

340. 1

a. b. c. d. e.

100 = 10 0 1 0.1 cannot be determined 10–6 = 9,002,500 0.000090025 0.00090025 0.0000090025 0.00000090025 102 m/s at sea level.

341. 9.0025

a. b. c. d. e.

342. The speed of sound is approximately 3.4

What is this number equal to? a. 3,400 m/s b. 340 m/s c. 34 m/s d. 0.0034 m/s e. 0.034 m/s

165

**501 Measurement and Conversion Questions
**

343. 8

101 = 8 0.8 80 800 cannot be determined

a. b. c. d. e.

Refer to the following chart for questions 344–345. Note: The chart shows an alternate way of expressing scientiﬁc notation; 2.00E+03 is equivalent to 2.00 103.

**Revenue per Worker
**

1.00E+04 8.00E+03 Revenue ($) 6.00E+03 4.00E+03 2.00E+03 0.00E+00 A B C D

344. What is the revenue of worker D?

a. b. c. d. e.

$600 $6,000 $80,000 $8,000 $8

166

0.000. 935. c.350.000000 L. e. A distribution manager ordered 9. b. d.500.110. c. 935. Worker D brought in how much more revenue than worker A? a. b.000.000 $100 107 = 2.000.000 2. 348.3 0.00001 L.000 10–1 = 530 53 5. d. L is equal to 1 0. d. b.11 a. 167 .0000001 L. 347. e.35 104 items for the stores in the Paciﬁc Northwest. c.350.000. 9. 1.53 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 345. 9.110. $2. This number is equal to 346. d.000 $200 $2 $1.000 211. e. d. 1.100. 2. 5.000 21. e. b.3 a. This number is equal to a. c. c. One a. b. e.000 L.000001 L. 349.053 10–6 L. 93.000.000 211. 0.

500 79.825 104. b.25 10.04825 a. d.550 0.825 104. e.048.00007955 0.000 10–5 = 0. 7. 103 = 1. 168 .0007955 351.5 104. 1. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 350. b.955 a.000007955 795. e. c. d.482.825.

Carefully count how many places the decimal must be moved to the right in order to end up with the number 2. In order to convert this into scientiﬁc notation. and the number is smaller than 1. Since it is being moved to the right.0 10–8. 2. In order to get only one whole non-zero number (one number to the left of the decimal).3 104. Move the decimal two places to the right to get one whole number. 326. 327.08 10–2.000. a. 323. the power will be negative. c. $541.623 104. First. a. The decimal point needs to be moved 5 places to the right in order to get there. has the decimal point to the right of the last zero.0. In this problem. 325.000. The original number. 580 is greater than 10.000.5). Move the decimal 4 places to the left in order to get only one digit to the left of the decimal.000 + 9. so the exponent is positive. move the decimal two places to the left.000 = 5. ﬁnd the decimal place that will leave one digit to the left of the decimal (4. and the number is smaller than 1.0. The power is positive because the original number is greater than 10.000 = 13.000 is greater than 10. so the exponent on the base of 10 will be positive. 13.0.0. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 322. c. Add a negative sign to the power of 10 since the decimal is moved to the right. 4.5 10–5. d. therefore the exponent is positive 2. 9. the value is greater than 10. 328. The ﬁrst step is to add up the two numbers. The power is positive because the original number is greater than 10. The power sign is negative since the decimal is moved to the right. The original number is less than 1. so the exponent is negative.0 (8 places to the right). Now convert to scientiﬁc notation by moving the decimal 4 places to the left. 1. 541. Five million is equal to 5.0. 4. 4. 324. d.41 105. Move the decimal point 5 places to the left in order to achieve the correct form for scientiﬁc notation. the decimal needs to be moved 6 places to the left to get 5 106. 329.0.000.0.0. 169 . c.

000 = $194.001 10–6. 86. The exponent is positive 334.34025 103. do not be confused by the fact that the decimal does not start off at the end of the number. a.0. According to the chart. and the number is smaller than 1.0. Move the decimal 4 places to the left. Move the decimal one place to the left in order to have only one digit to the left of the decimal. Two trailing zeroes must be added. the answer is 9. The decimal needs to be moved three places to the left to get 2. Then move the decimal point ﬁve places to the left. the answer is –6. 333.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 330. so the exponent is positive. The power (exponent) is positive 4. a. c. d. Move the decimal point six places to the right in order to convert this number to scientiﬁc notation. $74. 101.0. c. Add the negative sign to the power since the decimal is moved to the right. In order to get to the number 1. So. so the exponent is positive. so the number is a value greater than 10. to get the number 84.000. it is still a negative value.0. Add together the earnings from the ﬁrst and fourth quarters. Finally. 332.3 10–3. The sum of the earnings is greater than 10. The original value is greater than 10.0. 104.300. the decimal needs to be moved 9 places to the left. 1. In this problem.000 + $120. d. Move the decimal 3 places to the right in order to get the correct scientiﬁc notation form. d.94 105. 8.0. 336. 5 because 50 is greater than 10. Therefore.900 is greater 331. $86.900 was made in the second quarter. Add the negative sign to the power since the decimal is moved to the right. and the number is smaller than 1. The exponent is positive because the original number is greater than 10. the amount of nanometers in a meter is 1 109. 335. c. so the exponent is positive.0. and the decimal point must be moved four places to the right. 170 .0.69 than 10. add the negative sign in front of the original number because this has not changed. 337. So.

000. According to the graph. c. Therefore. so the number will be greater than 10.002.000 (A). so the number will be greater than 10.0. The power is positive 2. Subtract A from D.0 (although the decimal is not shown. Placing this back into the problem gives 1 1 which equals 1. b. Any number to the zero power is equal to 1.0 103).00E+03 (8. 345. and the decimals are moved three places to the right to give $8. it follows the last digit).0.0000090025. and the decimal is moved one place to the left in order to get 0. and the decimal is moved six places to the left to get 0. 340 m/s. so the number will be less than 1. so the monetary values are greater than 10. d. The answer is 0. so the dollar amount is greater than 10.000. Worker A has a revenue of 6. 80.0 103). so the number will be less than 1.100. The power is negative 1.0. and the decimal is moved two places to the right to give the answer. Both of these numbers have power signs of positive 3.0.000 = $2. 340.0. Do not forget that 2 is equal to 2.0. The power is positive 1. $8. 347. The power is negative 6. the revenue of worker D is 8. Worker D has a revenue of 8. 341. so the number will be greater than 10.000 (D) and $6.000 – $6.000.53. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 338. The power is positive 3. and the decimal is moved one place to the right to give the answer. d.00E+03 (6. The power is positive 7.0 103. b. so the number will be greater than 10. d. a. 100 = 1.0. and the decimal is moved three places to the right to give the answer of $8. a. 339. 171 . The power is positive 5.0.0. and the decimal needs to be moved three places to the left. e. and the decimal is moved seven places to the right in order to get 21. 344. so the number will be less than 1. 342. 346. and the decimal is moved ﬁve places to the right to become 252.000. The power sign is negative 3.00E+03 which is 8. 343.

The power is negative 6. a. 350.500. e.0. and the decimal is moved three places to the right. a. so the number will be greater than 10. 351.048. even if this still leaves some digits to the right of the decimal point.25.0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 348. The power is positive 4. so the number will be less than 1. one L is equal to 0. Therefore. and the decimal is moved four places to the right to give the answer 93. 349. 0. The power is positive 3. The power is negative 5. so the number will be greater than 10.000001 L. The answer is 1. and the decimal is moved six places to the left.00007955. 172 . so the number will be less than 1.0. and the decimal is moved ﬁve places to the left in order to get the answer.0. d.

Unit conversions for temperature and weight are covered in the next chapter of this book. and 3 of this book. such as meter and liter. 2. This section reviews these measurements in the context of the conversion of units. both standard and metric. The formulas in this chapter outline the two systems of measurement and the conversion factors needed to convert both within one system. Area.9 Conversion— Metric and Standard Units: Length. Conversions within the metric system are relatively easy because there are fundamental units. 173 . There are 90 questions in this chapter that will challenge you to master these conversions. and from one system to the other. The rounding of answers is almost always required when converting between these systems. The formulas and the answer explanations are provided to reinforce your skills. All other units are based on these fundamental units and the powers of 10. areas. and Volume In chapters 1. and volumes were covered. the topics of measuring lengths. Conversions within the standard system require more memorization of how the units are related to one another.

760 yards = 5.000 square centimeters = 1.840 square yards = 43.1337 cubic foot Conversions between metric units 1 centimeter (cm) = 10 millimeters (mm) 1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters = 1.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Conversions between standard units 1 foot (ft) = 12 inches (in) 1 yard (yd) = 3 feet = 36 inches 1 mile (mi) = 1.280 feet 1 square foot (ft2) = 144 square inches (in2) 1 square yard (yd2) = 9 square feet 1 square mile (mi2) = 640 acres = 3.000.000 square meters 174 .728 cubic inches (in3) = 7.000 millimeters 1 kilometer (km) = 1.000 square millimeters 1 square kilometer (km2) = 1.600 square yards 1 acre (A) = 4.097.5 ﬂuid ounce 1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons 1 cup (c) = 8 ﬂuid ounces (ﬂ oz) 1 pint (pt) = 2 cups = 16 ﬂuid ounces 1 quart (qt) = 2 pints = 32 ﬂuid ounces 1 gallon (gal) = 4 quarts = 128 ﬂuid ounces 1 gallon ≈ 231 cubic inches ≈ 0.000.560 square feet 1 cubic foot (ft3) = 1.000 meters 1 square centimeter (cm2) = 100 square millimeters (mm2) 1 square meter (m2) = 10.48 gallons 1 cubic yard (yd3) = 27 cubic feet 1 tablespoon = 0.

16 square millimeters ≈ 6.37 inches 1 centimeter ≈ 0.34 meters ≈ 1.387.9144 meter 1 mile ≈ 1.57 milliliters ≈ 2.4 millimeters ≈ 2.000.3937 inch 1 square inch ≈ 645.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 1 cubic centimeter (cm3) = 1.4516 square centimeters 1 square foot ≈ 0.590.264 gallon 1 quart ≈ 0.6093 kilometers 1 kilometer ≈ 0.785 liters 1 liter ≈ 1.7646 cubic meter 1 teaspoon ≈ 5 milliliters 1 tablespoon ≈ 15 milliliters 1 ﬂuid ounce ≈ 29.3048 meter ≈ 30.057 quarts ≈ 0.000 cubic millimeters (mm3) 1 cubic meter (m3) = 1.000.8361 square meter 1 square mile ≈ 2.6214 mile 1 meter ≈ 3.000 milliliters Conversions between standard and metric units 1 inch ≈ 25.000 liters = 1.046.3871 cubic centimeters 1 cubic foot ≈ 0.946 liter 175 .59 square kilometers 1 acre ≈ 4.609.000 milliliters (mL) = 100 centiliters (cL) 1 kiloliter (kL) = 1.004047 square kilometers 1 cubic inch ≈ 16.0929 square meter 1 square yard ≈ 0.00002957 cubic meters 1 gallon ≈ 3.000 cubic centimeters 1 liter (L) = 1.0283 cubic meter 1 cubic yard ≈ 0.281 feet ≈ 39.000 square meters ≈ 2.54 centimeters 1 foot ≈ 0.064 cubic millimeters ≈ 16.957 centiliters 1 ﬂuid ounce ≈ 0.480 centimeters 1 yard ≈ 0.8564 square meters ≈ 0.

0.06 ﬂ oz b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 352. b. 60 ft e. 0. b. Convert this measurement into cups.33 1 1. e. 968. Trim for the room is sold by the foot. A recipe calls for 3 ounces of olive oil.5 c c. d. 0. 2 2 c 3 354.375 c d. 18 ft 176 . a.96 ﬂ oz c. 6 ft = ———————— yd a.33 2 84 355.53 ﬂ oz d. 0. 48 in = ———————— yd a. d. 256 ﬂ oz e.3 c b. c. A 2-liter bottle of soda contains approximately how many ﬂuid ounces? a. The perimeter of a room is measured and found to be 652 inches.5 2 3 9 18 353. 67. How many feet of trim must be purchased so that the room can be trimmed? a. e. 54 ft c. 128. 50 ft b. c.6 ﬂ oz 356. 0. 55 ft d. 0. 24 c e.

760 feet 359.496 feet d. 4. a. b. Tony wants the sand to be at least 1.25 mi 11. 15 cubic yards c. 36 in e. c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 357.000 mi 38.6 cubic yards d. The volume of sand in the box is 6 feet 5 feet 1. His son is 3 feet 3 inches tall.488 feet b. 5 cubic yards 177 . A road race is 33.85 miles. A child’s sandbox is being constructed in Tony’s backyard. 1. 1. What is the difference in their heights. 38 in 358. How many miles long is the race? a. The sandbox is 6 feet wide. 1.75 mi 6. e. 0.280 mi 5 mi 360.280 feet e. Convert the volume into cubic yards.212 feet c. What is the distance she walks to school in feet? a. 72 cubic yards b. Martha walks to school.5 feet deep. d. a distance of 0. and 5 feet long.5 feet = 45 cubic feet. in inches? a. 30 in b. 18. Thomas is 6 feet 1 inch in height. 6.000 feet long. 5.66 cubic yards e. 32 in c. 34 in d.

275. e. d. 24 in 178 . c.35 3. then multiply by 5. divide by 12. add 12. b. Each bow requires 6 inches of ribbon to make. Susan wishes to create bows from 12 yards of ribbon.280 b. then multiply by 5.280 362. 0. then divide by 5. 2 pints 6 ounces + 1 cup 7 ounces = a. e.920 23.280 d. 144 in e. c. then multiply by 5.760 363.5 7.500 365. multiply by 12. 35 mm = ———————— cm a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 361. 4.280 e. How many inches of ribbon does Susan have? a.5 5. 48 in d.280 c. d.5 5. c. multiply by 12.5 mi = ———————— ft a. Which of the following represents a method by which one could convert inches into miles? a. 13. 18 in b. e.284. b.5 35 350 3. b. 1 quart 3 pints 1 cup 13 ounces 2 pints 5 ounces 3 pints 5 ounces 3 pints 1 cup 364. 432 in c. then divide by 5. d. divide by 12.

0.24 mm3 = ———————— cm3 a. 4 a.4139 mi e. 2. d.240 582. 3. c. 0.9321 mi d.05824 5. 0. The 1. 61 yd2 d. 1.4143 mi 370. 0. c.25 milliliters d.000. 58. d. e.9 kiloliters = ———————— milliliters a.6214 mi b. b.375 milliliter b.00000039 0. Soﬁe needed to take 4 teaspoon of cough syrup 3 times a day. 21 yd2 e. e.5 mi c. 2.500-meter race is a popular distance running event at track meets.0000039 0. 546 yd2 367. How many square yards of carpet should she purchase to carpet the room? a. 3.824 58.900.000 369. The living room in Donna’s home is 182 square feet.824 179 . 0. 3 Convert 3 teaspoon into milliliters. How far is this distance in miles? a. 0.75 milliliters c. b.5 milliliters e. 0.638 yd2 c.4 5.15 milliliter 368.0039 3.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 366. 0. 9 yd2 b.000 39. 22.

62. e.000 350. 1.01 205 373. d. Which of the following statements is false? a.084 m 8. c. Abigail is 5. e.000 3. 170 mm e. b.2 m = 3. 1.32 gal 5.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 371. b.000350 0. e.94 gal 180 . 32 cm = 320 mm 3. a. Which of the following is closest to this height? a.7 km d. d.4 m ≈ ———————— ft a.456. 0.17 km 372. c. d. c. d.5 feet tall.7 65.4 km = 8.000.0-liter engine. 0.200 mm 84 mm = 840 cm 84 mm = 0.58 2. 350. Write this value in gallons.79 gal 18. b.400 m 374.000000350 375.5 0. c.264 gal 3.264 gal 1. 350 m2 = ———————— km2 a. 17 m b. b. A Ford Mustang has a 5.7 19. e. 170 cm c.

020235 A b.367 ft3 e. 774. 681.360 gallons of water. d.839. e.236 km + 23 m + 654 cm = ———————— m a. c.0283 3. Murray owns 5 square kilometers of farmland in Pennsylvania.265. 1. d. 0.234 A d. 1. 0.16 4.84 377.16 A = ———————— yd2 a. 8 ft3 c.250 4.413 ft3 b.969. A pool holds 14. 1 m3 ≈ ———————— ft3 a. Approximately how many cubic feet of water is this? Round to the nearest cubic foot. b. 4. How many acres does Murray own? a. b.14 4.353 ft3 181 . d. e. 20. 14. a. 14.235 A e.4 6.34 2.6 30. 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 376. c.920 ft3 d. c.913 453.83 28. 1. 107.236 33. e.3 380.840. b.0234 A 379.235.534 35.776 4. 2.48 A c.54 378.

3.4 gal c.06 10.17 383.75 1. a. 4. 3. Sandi purchased 3 cubic yards of mulch for her garden.5 yd d.1 4. 0. d. c. 13.92 yd 382.5621 m3 384. About how many cubic meters of mulch did she buy? a. 15 cL ≈ ———————— ﬂ oz a.43 11.9236 m3 d. 0.5 meters long.2 gal 182 . b. 2.7696 m3 c.307 yd c. c. 44.04 385. How many yards long is the limousine? a.53 13. a.59 m2 ≈ ———————— yd2. 7.2304 m3 b. 15.36 17.5 yd b. 2.96 5. Convert the daily water requirement to gallons.64 gal b.5 gal d. b. 12. 5 gal e. 3. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 381. d. The average adult should drink eight 8-oz glasses of water per day. 44.769 yd e.3 12. 3. 14.2938 m3 e. A stretch limousine is 4. 6. e.

880 e.75 9. A tree is measured and found to be 16.560 d. 1.375 1. 3.548. 76 4.1875 389. c.690 cm e. The diameter of a plain m&m® is approximately 0. 1.900 cm 390.586 liters 2.169 cm b.680 387. How many centimeters tall is the tree? a. 8.5 liter 0. 6.720 c. d. 1.6625 acres e. About how many m&m® candies would you have to place end to end to form a line a mile long? a.360 b.446 liters 1.5 2. 63.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 386.160 acres 388. 0. b.9 meters tall. 126.544 square miles of the earth’s surface.419 liters 1. 1 quart + 1 pint = ———————— liter(s) a. 4. e.946 liter 183 . 31.69 cm c.5 in. 10. b. e. 16. 169 cm d.184 acres c.103. c. How many acres is this? a. 19 qt = ———————— gal a. d. The State of Connecticut covers 5.144 acres d.904 acres b. 3.

24 16 10 3 4 18. c.90 m2 d. b.208 in3 ﬂ oz = 2 3 c 4 ———————— a. 221. e. 2.5972 3.735. 2. b. 345. d. 345.72 34.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 391. c.45972 0. A science experiment calls for the use of a porous sponge approximately 35 cubic centimeters in volume. 4. c. d.52 in3 b.656 in3 1. 64 in3 46.72 22 184 . e. How many cubic inches are in a cubic yard? a.09 m2 e. 573.682.55 in3 e.459. 5.755 in3 108 in3 62. 395. 22.972 3.53 m2 c. d. 4.91 m2 393. 23. The Johnson’s kitchen is 221 square feet in size.345972 394.14 in3 392.03 in3 d. How many square meters of tile must they purchase to tile the kitchen ﬂoor? a.972 mL = ———————— L a. About how big is the sponge in cubic inches? a. 20. b.84 m2 b.378.49 in3 c. e.

718 34. b.72 1. d.54 centimeters 397.9144 399.28 gallons 7. Brenda measures her kitchen window so she can purchase blinds. e.757 gallon in2 = 13 ft2 ———————— a. Convert this dimension to centimeters.108 185 . b. 30. d. 34 yd.08 0. a. 400. a.57 gallons 0.09 3. 300. c.000 square millimeters c.75 centimeters c.18 3. c. 42.5 centimeters d. A photo has an area of 300 square centimeters. c. Many sodas are sold in 2-liter bottles. Convert this area into square millimeters. 11. ≈ ———————— m a. a.6 centimeters b. 15.528 gallon 1. 3. She ﬁnds that the window is 40 inches long. 3 square millimeters e. b. e. 157. Convert 2 liters into gallons. 31. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 396.000 square millimeters d. d. 5. 0.3 square millimeters 398. 1.8925 gallons 0. 101.000 square millimeters b.016 centimeters e.109 37.872 1.09 18.

988. How tall is the signpost in centimeters? a.06 meters b.12 meters e.134 meters d.43 centimeters c. Use the diagram to answer the question: 12.5 square centimeters c.36 163. 4.34 m Find the missing length in meters. 464. e. 0. 46. What is its area in square centimeters? a. 9.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 401.645 square centimeters 404.8 in3 = ———————— mm3 a. 19.398. 430 centimeters e.16 square centimeters d. a. 3 meters 403.4 yds ? 8.6 square centimeters e. b. 43 centimeters d. 1. c. 11.388. A signpost is 4. d.336.73 193.356 meters c. 111.45 square centimeters b.300 centimeters 402. 0.6 186 .043 centimeters b. A book cover has an area of 72 square inches. 4. 11.86 1. 4.7 16.367. 1.3 meters tall.

A pitcher of punch contains 1.500 kiloliters c.3 ft3 c. 7.500 cubic centimeters e.00000325 cubic centimeters 407.728 square centimeters.13 ft3 b. 1. a. 30 square meters b.25 ﬂuid ounces c. 0. 0. 7. 0. 1. 10 square meters d. 11. A birdbath can hold about 226 cubic inches of water. 32. 2 square meters 406. 20 square meters c.250.5 kiloliters 187 . 325.000 cubic centimeters b.765 ft3 409.000 cubic centimeters c. 3 square meters e. Convert this amount into cubic feet.125 ﬂuid ounces e. 0.500. 17 ﬂuid ounces b. A storage bin can hold up to 3. How many cubic centimeters of material can the bin accommodate? a.2 ﬂuid ounces d.0015 kiloliters d.65 ft3 e. 1. 3. 15 kiloliters b. The table has an area of 29. How many ﬂuid ounces of juice did he drink? a. 13 ft3 d.000 cubic centimeters d. 1. About how many square meters of felt does he need? a. Fred wants to replace the felt on his pool table. 32. 0. a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 405. William drank 9 cups of juice on Saturday.25 cubic meters of material. 72 ﬂuid ounces 408.15 kiloliters e. Convert this amount to kiloliters.5 liters.

2616 km 414. e. d. 0. 0. 6.65 milliliters c. 281.540 milliliters = ———————— a. 2.14 ﬂuid ounces 6. a. A pen is 13 centimeters long. b.300 mm 0. 26 3. 13 pints = ———————— quarts a.21 miles to the nearest mall. How long is the pen in millimeters? a. c.54 liters 2.049 milliliters e.82 milliliters d.616 km e. 13 mm 130 mm 1. Convert this distance to kilometers.13 mm 13.214 ﬂuid ounces 413. 31. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 410.5 52 17 411. b. 0.36 milliliters b. This is equivalent to how many milliliters? a.5 ﬂuid ounces. b.000 mm 412. 0. 67. e. d. It is 4.75 km c.49 milliliters 188 .54 kiloliters 22. 6. c.25 6. c.00654 liters 6. 310. d. A bottle of seltzer holds 10.775 km b.6775 km d. 2.

48762 4.45 km2 = ———————— m2 a.450 0. 2.450. 4. 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 415. 0.948 gallons d. A dripping faucet has ﬁlled a pot that can hold 450 cubic inches of liquid. How many liters (L) of coffee are in the mug? 700 mL a. d.2 m = ———————— km a.51 gallons e. 4. e. 1.876.32 gallons c. c.872 4. e. e.8762 48. c. 0. b. 4.00000445 445 418.000 4. b.7 liters 7 liters 0.876. c.00445 0. b. How many gallons of water have dripped from the faucet? a.200 417.1 gallons 416.1948 gallons b. d. d. 5. 0.07 liters 70 liters 0.762 4.007 liters 189 .

A container with a capacity of 3 cubic meters can hold how many ﬂuid ounces? a.767 square feet b.72 square feet 190 .54 inches b.7 square feet d. 17. Michael measured a worm he found in his backyard. 88. 10.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 419. a. Refer to the diagram of a tabletop below to answer the question: 53 in 40 in Find the area of the table in square feet. 101.454 ﬂuid ounces 421.65 inches e. 1. 176.6 inches 420. 16. About how long is the worm in inches? a. 0. 0.67 square feet c.0000887 ﬂuid ounces d. 1. 14. 887 ﬂuid ounces c.4 ﬂuid ounces e.605 inches c.71 ﬂuid ounces b.145.05 inches d. 16. 6. He discovered it was 42 millimeters long.472 square feet e. 1.

7. c. A test tube is marked in cubic centimeters. b. The company donated 231 gallons of water. A local charity has asked a water distributor to donate water for participants to drink during a fundraising walk. 240 cubic millimeters c. c.798 0. 115. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 422.00798 79.55 425.000 424. 28.4 cubic millimeters 423.33 255 85 2. 1.024 cubic millimeters e. 0. How many quarts is this? a. d. 24.400 cubic millimeters b.5 quarts d.98 L = ———————— mL a. 2.848 quarts e. 0. e.800 7. 765 ft3 ≈ ———————— yd3 a. 924 quarts 191 . 2.000 cubic millimeters d. 462 quarts c. e.75 quarts b.980 798. b. If the test tube is ﬁlled to the 24 cubic centimeter mark with water. 57.833 2. how many cubic millimeters of water are in the tube? a.

5.000 28 0. A cargo ship is loaded with 12 kiloliters of water for donation to a region destroyed by an earthquake. 6.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 426.5-gallon containers for dispensing directly from the refrigerator.6605 liters 429.800 28. 0.8633 square kilometers d. 0. How many square kilometers do the fairgrounds cover? a. What is the cost of the shipment? a. 7.25 liters b. $60 c.8 ? Centimeters 280. How many liters can a 2. 9. Fill in the missing value in the table below: Millimeters 2. 1. 6.05 per liter to ship.59 square kilometers e.000 a.000 Kilometers Meters 2. $6. 0.5-gallon container hold? a.1583 square kilometers c.77 square kilometers b. The County Fairgrounds in Newbrite cover 3 square miles of farmland.946 liters e. 280 2. b.000 e. $60.0028 427. e. c. 1.800. Spring water comes in 2.514 liters c.000 428. $600 d.24 square kilometers 192 . The water costs $0. d. $6 b.4625 liters d.

393.500 cm.500 cm. 7. 540 m. 0.5 km. a. 0. 7. Francis purchased enough powdered formula to make 34 quarts of liquid for her infant son.5 km. 4. 0. 34. 4. 4. 7. 4.95 mm3 432.294 mm3 b. 540 m. 7. Use the diagram to answer the question: Volume = 24 in3 Find the volume of the box in cubic millimeters (mm3). Put in order from largest to smallest: 540 m. 35.5 km.000 mm. 0.164 liters e.946 liters d. 0. 39.500 cm 193 .000 mm.938 liters c.794 mm3 d. 0. 32.5 km. 36. 540 m.5 km b.500 cm e.500 cm. 540 m.328. 0. How many liters of formula will the powder make? a.000 mm c.001464 mm3 c. 4.000 mm. 393. 682. 7.000 mm a. 7.784 liters b. 4. 540 m d. 35.289.5 km.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 430.536 mm3 e.94 liters 431.500 cm.000 mm.

0.5 150 300 436. 450.2 kL. e.000 square centimeters e.1 miles e.500 meters apart. e. 75 c = ———————— pts a.75 37. 0. d. c. 890.000 mL d. what is the area in square centimeters? a.000 mL a.7 miles d. 1.2 kL c. 45.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 433. The answer cannot be determined from the information given.6 miles c. b.6 miles b.000 square centimeters c. 200. Lauri and her friend Iona live 2. Which of the following is the smallest? 20 L. 0. 1. 2. Mary has a scale model of a train set. They are all equal.5 square centimeters d. 45 square centimeters 434. 4.375 18.7 miles 194 . 20 L b. How far apart are they in miles? Round the answer to the nearest tenth of a mile. a.500 square millimeters. or 200. 450 square centimeters b. complete with detailed settings and buildings. If the area of the train platform in her model is 4. 435. 9.

13. 2. 9.440 1.000 cubic centimeters c. d. 1.760 9.000 cubic centimeters b.000. 1.3016 cups c. 15.000.2 liters of coffee and wants to know how many cups that is so she can decide whether she needs to make more.000 cubic centimeters d. 0.500 milliliters of water at one time!’’ How many liters of water did Jacob guzzle? a.000.76 97.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 437. b. d.6 976 9.500.000 liters d.000 liters 440.3254 cups d.2 liters into cups.760.6508 cups b.000. She has 2.000 cubic centimeters 195 .000 439.000. 8. How many cubic centimeters can the warehouse hold? a. “I guzzled 1.000. 4.181 14. 1. 4 cubic centimeters e. 4. a. Convert 2.177 1.000 cubic meters of inventory.760. b.317 441.5 liters e. ———————— m3 = 9.000.15 liters c. Jacob boasted to his friends. 40. A warehouse can accommodate up to 4. ———————— m ≈ 4. e.3254 cups e.321 ft a.000. 4. 15 liters b. c.231 14. 000 cm3 a. 9. c. Mona is making coffee for her guests.000. 4.028 cups 438. e.

divide by 12. A gallon equals 128 ﬂuid ounces. Each mile equals 5. 354. The difference between their heights is 73 in – 39 in = 34 inches. divide: 33. to ﬁgure out how many miles are in the calculated number of feet. so for 2 liters: 2 L ( 0.264 gal/L = 0. so multiply: 0. 358. 355. a. e.760 ft. c.264 gallons. 55 feet must be purchased so that there is enough trim. Then. Every 36 inches equals 1 yard. His son’s height is 3 ft 12 in/ft = 36 inches + 3 inches = 39 inches.333 feet. 353.488 feet. Every 8 ounces equals 1 cup. b.6 ﬂ oz.5 miles.375 c. 362.85 mi 359. A mile is 5.528 gal. divide: 45 ft3 ÷ 27 ft3/yd3 = 1. Since trim is sold by the foot. c. 5. 360.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 352. divide by the number of feet in a mile. 1 or $1. multiply: 4.280 ft/mi = 23. so divide: 6 ft ÷ 3 ft/yd = 2 yds. division is required.85 mile.280 ft/mi = 6. so divide: 652 in ÷ 12 in\ft = 54.528 gal 128 ﬂ oz/gal = 67. round up.33 written as a decimal. One cubic yard requires 27 cubic feet. d. Each liter equals 0. so to ﬁgure out the number of feet in the given number of inches. multiply: 0.584 ﬂ oz ≈ 67. One foot equals 12 inches so Thomas’s height is 6 ft 12 in\ft = 72 inches + 1 inch = 73 inches. 357.280 ft/mi = 4. Every 3 feet equals 1 yard. 361. so divide: 48 in ÷ 36 in/yd = 1 3 yds. e. Since the conversion is from smaller units to larger units. To ﬁnd the number of cubic yards in 45 cubic feet. b.280 feet to make a mile. It takes 5. c. b. 356. Since there are 4. To ﬁnd how many miles are in 33. 12 inches equals 1 foot.25 mi.280 feet.280 feet. so to ﬁnd 0. 196 . 5. so divide: 3 oz ÷ 8 oz/c = 0.000 ft ÷ 5.66 yd3.000 feet. c. Every 12 inches equals 1 foot.5 mi 5.280.

There are 36 inches in a yard.500 meters: 1. To ﬁnd the number of inches in 12 yards. Each mile is about 1. It takes 9 square feet to make a square yard. 4 tsp 3 5 mL/tsp = 3. 2 pints 6 ounces + 1 cup 7 ounces = 2 pints 1 cup 13 ounces. There are 10 millimeters in every centimeter. d. One teaspoon equals 5 milliliters.000 L/kL = 3. b.000 mL/L = 3. Therefore. Since Laurie cannot purchase part of a square yard.900 L. Note that the sum is written with the largest units ﬁrst and smallest units last. she has to round up. c. 58. start with the smallest unit.34 m/mi ≈ 0. divide: 182 ft2 ÷9 ft2/yd2 = 20. 365.24 mm3.900. Replace the 13 ounces with the 1 cup 5 ounces. Every 8 ounces makes 1 cup. The simpliﬁed total is 3 pints 5 ounces. b. 368.609.24 mm3 ÷ 1. 370. Each liter equals 1. One kiloliter equals 1.22 yd2.9 kL 1.900 L 1. 367.5 cm.75 mL.000 milliliters: 3. but then the sum needs to be simpliﬁed. and work toward larger units. multiply: 12 yd 36 in/yd = 432 in. To simplify. so the sum can be simpliﬁed again combining this pint with the 2 pints in the sum.000 mL.609.34 meters.500 m ÷ 1. ounces.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 363. so 13 ounces = 1 cup 5 ounces. To ﬁnd out how many square yards are in 182 square feet. d.000 liters: 3. d. There are 1. Now note that 2 cups = 1 pint. Divide to ﬁnd out how many miles are equivalent to 1. b. a. 364.9321 mi. 366.000 mm3/cm3 = 0. so divide: 35 mm ÷ 10 mm/cm = 3.000 mm3 in one cm3. 369. She must purchase 21 yd2 to have enough to carpet the room. 197 .05824 cm3. adding the cup portions together: 2 pints 2 cups 5 ounces. Divide to determine how many cm3 are in 58. The two amounts can be added as they are.

b. b. e. Divide: 4. 380. Since one foot equals about 0.676. 375. Divide: 12.840 yd2/acres = 774. The answer is b: 170 cm.8361 square meter. d. e.64 cm which is very close to answer b. Convert all units to meters ﬁrst: 4.932 ft3 which is 1.0283 m3/ft3 ≈ 35.000. a.54 m = 4.000 m2/km2 = 0. Therefore.7646 cubic meters. One yard equals about 0. There are 1.004047 km2/acres ≈ 1.1337 cubic foot.3048 meter. 378.16 acre × 4. c. Multiply: 14. 62. b. so divide: 1 m3 ÷ 0.000 square meters in one square kilometer. e.236 m.0016764 km which eliminates answers c and e. One acre equals 0. 376.5 feet equals: 5.004047 square kilometers.54 m. d.6764 m 100 cm/m = 167. 383.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 371. 372. Multiply: 5 L × 0.000.4 yd2. 5.34 ft3. Now convert 1.4 cm.840 square yards.32 gal.4 m × 3. 198 .000 m/km = 4.6764 m.235.48 acres. 373.00035 km2. Divide: 350 m2 ÷ 1.236 m + 23 m + 6.6764 m ÷ 1000 m/km = .360 gal × 0. Each liter equals 0.2938 m3. One gallon is about 0.264 gallon. 654 cm ÷ 100 cm/m = 6. Answer a is much too large. One cubic foot equals 0. 382. 1.265. c. 1.59 m2 ÷ 0.919.4 mm which is much higher than answer d.9144 m/yd ≈ 4. 374.920 ft3 rounded to the nearest cubic foot.281 ft/m ≈ 204. 1. not 840 cm. so divide: 5 km2 ÷ 0.5 m ÷ 0. Now add: 4. One acre equals 4. One meter is approximately 3.281 feet.54 m.5 ft × 0. Multiply: 3 yd3 0.1337 ft3/gal = 1.264 gal/L = 1. 379.236 km 1.0283 cubic meter. 381.6764 m into the remaining units given in the answer choices. 377.6764 m 1.9144 meter.000 mm/m = 1. One square yard equals about 0. c.92 yd.8361 m2/yd2 ≈ 15.73ft ≈ 205 ft. There are 10 millimeters in one centimeter: 84 mm ÷ 10 mm/cm = 8.3048 m/ft = 1. a.7646 m3/yd3 ≈ 2. Multiply: 0.06 yd2. One cubic yard is equivalent to about 0.3357 ft3 which rounds to 35.

14 in3. c.3871 cubic centimeters. 387. e. or . One square mile is equal to 640 acres. so multiply: 1.957353 cL/ﬂ oz ≈ 5. Divide: 19 qts ÷ 4 qts/gal = 4.75 gal. Every foot requires 24 candies and there are 5. Multiply: 300 cm2 100 mm2/cm2 = 30.345972 L. One cubic inch is equivalent to 16.000 mm2.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 384.160 acres. 391. 394.690 cm.5 quart.000 mL/L = 0. 2.5 gal. b.9 m 100 cm/m = 1. Multiply: 2. Divide: 15 cL ÷ 2. 199 . b.75 c 8 ﬂ oz/c = 22 ﬂ oz. a. Each cubic foot is equal to 1. 392. 2 4 cups = 2.957353 centiliters is equal to one ﬂuid ounce. Each quart equals 0. Divide: 64 oz ÷ 128 oz/gal = . There are 128 ounces in a gallon. 397.1 ﬂ oz.946 liter. 389. e.53 m2. 388.728 in3/ft3 = 46. 395. There are 4 quarts in a gallon.6 cm. b.972 mL ÷ 1. b. 390. Divide to ﬁnd the number of candies in a foot: 12 in ÷ .54 centimeters.0929 square meter.5 qts 0. One square foot equals 0.720 m&m®/mi.5 quart = 1. 2.5 in/m&m® = 24 m&m®.54 cm/in 396.3871 cm3/in3 ≈ 2.419 L.75 cups. Multiply: 40 in = 101.544 mi2 640 acres/mi2 = 3. Divide: 35 cm3 ÷ 16. One cup equals 8 fluid ounces. a. Multiply: 221 ft2 × 0.000 milliliters in one liter. e. 393. d. Eight 8-oz glasses account for 64 ounces of ﬂuid: 8 × 8 = 64.5 quarts. 386. Multiply: 5.728 cubic inches. e. Multiply: 16. Divide: 345. Since 2 pints equals 1 quart. Multiply: 27 ft3 3 1. One cubic yard is equal to 27 cubic feet. 1 pint is equal to half a quart. 385. Therefore. c.946 L/qt = 1.0929 m2/ft2 ≈ 20. One inch equals 2. b. There are 1. There are 12 inches in one foot.280 feet in a mile: 5. 1 quart + 1 pint = 1 quart + .548.280 ft/mi 24 m&m®/ft = 126.656 in3. One meter equals 100 centimeters. One square centimeter equals 100 square millimeters.

387.387.9144 m/yd ≈ 31. and the subtraction cannot be done unless the units on the two quantities match.064 cubic millimeters. d.000 cm3/m3 = 3. One cubic inch equals 16. 400. One liter equals 0.872 in2.4516 cm2/in2 ≈ 464.728 cm2 ÷ 10. 401. 16.000 L/kL = 0.5 L ÷ 1. Ten millimeters equals 1 centimeter.064 mm3/in3 ≈ 193.5 qts. e. One cubic meter equals 1.728 cubic inches.25 m3 1. Divide: 13 pts ÷ 2 pts/qt = 6. b. d.9728 m2. 8 ﬂ oz/c = 72 ﬂ oz. Multiply: 4.000 cm2/m2 = 2. Multiply: 2 L 0.367. Divide: 226 in3 ÷ 1.264 gal/L = 0.728 in3/ft3 ≈ 0.4 yards into meters. 402. c.9144 meter. One square meter is equal to 10. d.9144 m/yd ≈ 11.13 ft3. subtract: 12. There are 1000 liters in one kiloliter. multiply: 12.0015 kL. 406.36 mm3. 399. b.528 gal. Multiply: 9 c 408. d. Divide: 29.34 m – 8.4 yds 0. Since the answer must be given in meters. Multiply: 72 in2 6. a.000. Fred should purchase 3 square meters in order to have enough felt. Multiply: 13 ft2 144 in2/ft2 = 1.250. 200 . One square inch equals 6. Since one yard = 0.09 m.000. One square foot is equal to 144 square inches. Since one yard equals 0. convert 12.8 in3 405. One meter is equal to 100 centimeters.34 m. Multiply: 3. c.000 square centimeters.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 398. c. 403.000 cubic centimeters.4516 square centimeters.4 yds – 8. a. Divide: 1. Multiply: 13 cm × 10 mm/cm = 130 mm.5 cm2.3 m 100 cm/m = 430 cm.264 gallon. One cup equals 8 ﬂuid ounces. e.34 m = 3 m. One cubic foot equals 1. Now subtract: 11. b. Multiply: 11.34 m. 407.9144 meter. multiply: 34 yd 0. To answer the question.000 cm3. 404. 409. One quart equals 2 pints. 410. 411.

3333 ft = 14.000 mm3/cm3 = 24. 420.540 milliliters into kiloliters. One square kilometer equals 1. Divide: 6.540 milliliters into ﬂuid ounces. Divide: 42 mm ÷ 25. 421.120 in2. 201 .000.000 mL/L 419.4167 ft 3. 418.21 mi 1. divide: 6540 mL ÷ 29.72 ft2. Divide: 4. divide: 2.57353 mL/ﬂ oz = 221.6093 km/mi ≈ 6. One gallon equals 231 cubic inches. then multiplying to get square feet.876. 422. e.540 mL ÷ 1. Divide: 700 mL ÷ 1. divide: 6.8762 km. There are two ways to do this problem. d.450.57 mL/ﬂ oz ≈ 310.00002957 cubic meters.00654 kL.5 ﬂ oz 29.775 km. One liter equals 1.000. which is smaller than answer choice b. One inch equals 25. Divide: 450 in3 ÷ 231 in3/gal ≈ 1. There are 1.000 m2/km2 = 4.000 cubic millimeters.45 km2 = 0. 414. 417.000 m2.57 milliliters.00002957 m3/ﬂ oz ≈ 101. Multiply: 24 cm3 1. Since there are 12 inches in one foot.4 mm/in ≈ 1.948 gal. One cubic centimeter equals 1. The second method involves converting the dimensions into feet ﬁrst. which is answer choice d. 1. One kilometer equals 1. a.00654 L.54 L.000 mL/L = 6. To convert 6.540 mL ÷ 1.72 ft2. divide each dimension: 53 in ÷ 12 in/ft = 4. One mile equals 1. kiloliters. One ﬂuid ounce equals 29.14 ﬂ oz which is not equal to answer choices c or e.7 L. a.2 m ÷ 1. One way is to ﬁnd the area ﬁrst. and ounces to ﬁnd a match. Multiply: 4.120 in2 ÷ 144 in2/ft2 ≈ 14. The answer cannot be a since 6.6093 kilometers so multiply: 4. To convert 6. 415. Divide: 3 m3 ÷ 0. b.000 mm3. d.000 meters.3333 ft.4167 ft.000 milliliters in one liter. One ﬂuid ounce equals 0. Multiply: 4. 40 in ÷ 12 in/ft = 3.65 in.000.000 square meters. 413. then convert that into square feet: The area of the table is 53 in 40 in = 2.454 ﬂ oz. Convert 6.54 L ≠ 0. Multiply: 10.4 millimeters. e. e.540 milliliters into liters. 416.000 milliliters.000 m/km = 4. Since one square foot equals 144 square inches. a. c.49 mL. in square inches. c.000 mL/kL = 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 412.

e. d. d. e.800 m.000 L $0.05. 500 m. One cubic yard equals 27 cubic feet. Multiply: 34 qts 32.5 gal 3. a. multiply to ﬁnd the number of meters in 2. Here is one approach: since one kilometer equals 1. Multiply: 24 in3 16.59 square kilometers.000 millimeters in every meter: 4. followed by 500 m.785 liters. Find a common unit and convert all measurements to this unit. 202 .000 mm = 4 m since there are 1. 540 m is the largest amount. 431. Since each liter costs $0. Multiply to ﬁnd the number of liters: 12 kL 1.946 L/qt = 430. c. One liter equals 1. One square centimeter equals 100 square millimeters. 2.000 meters in every kilometer: 0. b.289. 427.77 km2. 429. 428. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 423.000 liters. 424.536 mm3.5 km 1. for example.387.000 mm/m = 4 m.000 L.5 km = 500 m since there are 1. 0. Multiply: 2. then 75 m.8 km 1.33 yd3.500 cm = 75 m since there are 100 centimeters in each meter: 7. 0. One square mile equals about 2.98 L 1. One quart equals 0.164 L. 4 m. Multiply: 7. 7. Answer choice b indicates this order.000 meters.05/L = $600. 425. Multiply: 231 gal 4 qts/gal = 924 qts. 426. 432.000 mL/L = 7.000 L/kL = 12. c.064 mm3/in3 = 393. d. multiply to ﬁnd the cost: 12.000 m/km = 500 m. then 4 m. a. 4. Divide: 765 ft3 ÷ 27 ft3/yd3 ≈ 28.59 km2/mi2 = 7.000 milliliters. Now compare: 540 m.980 mL.000 mm ÷ 1. One gallon equals 4 quarts. One kiloliter equals 1.064 cubic millimeters.500 cm ÷ 100 cm/m = 75 m. Multiply: 3 mi2 2. 540 m will remain the same. Divide: 4. 75 m.785 L/gal = 9. One gallon equals about 3.000 m/km = 2. 433.500 mm2 ÷ 100 mm2/cm2 = 45 cm2. One cubic inch equals 16. There are several pieces of information that can be used to answer this question.946 liter. If meters are chosen.387.4625 L.8 kilometers.

Multiply: 4.000 milliliters. Divide: 9.347 m/mi ≈ 1. If liters are chosen. for example.000 cubic centimeters.057 qts/L = 2.000.000 L/kL = 200 L.6508 pts 2 c/pt = 9.609. Find a common unit and convert all measurements to this unit.000 mL ÷ 1.317 m. 20 L will remain the same.3048 meter. c. One pint equals 2 cups.3048 m/ft ≈ 1. b. 440. a.609. 203 .500 m ÷ 1. d. 437.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 434. e.3016 c.34 meters.000 cubic centimeters. Round to the nearest tenth to get 1.000 mL/L = 1.000 cm3.000. 441.2 L 1. 438. Divide: 2.000. 200. Divide: 1.2 kL 1. 436.000.000 m3 1. a.000.000 liters in every kiloliter: 0.6508 pts.5534 mi. c.2 kL = 200 L since there are 1.760.000.321 ft 0. a.000 milliliters in every liter: 200. 200 L.76 m3. One cubic meter equals 1.5 pt. and 200 L.000 cm3/m3 = 4. Multiply: 4. One liter equals 1.000. 20 L is the smallest amount. Now compare: 20 L. Multiply: 2. 439.5 L. Divide: 75 c ÷ 2 c/pt = 37.6 mi. One foot equals about 0.057 quarts.3254 qts 2 pts/qt = 4. One cubic meter equals 1.500 mL ÷ 1. Each pint equals 2 cups so multiply one last time to convert into cups: 4.000 cm3/m3 = 9.000 mL/L = 200 L.000.000 cm3 ÷ 1. 0. One mile equals 1. 435. Each quart equals 2 pints so multiply: 2.3254 qts.000 mL = 200 L since there are 1. One liter equals 1.

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and kilogram). 205 . Work through the 60 problems in this chapter using the formula sheet as your guide. and tons. These units are deﬁned in the formula sheet. Weight is measured in metric units. and the other units in this system (centigram. Water freezes at 0°C and boils at 100°C. the answer explanations will outline the methods to use to perform these conversions. Refer to the formula sheet for the formula used to convert from one type of unit to the other. Standard units of weight are not so straightforward. For all problems. Converting within the metric system is relatively easy and is outlined in the formula sheet. Weight in this system is measured in ounces. Much of the world measures temperature in degrees Celsius. pounds. The basic unit is the gram. at sea level. temperature is measured in degrees Fahrenheit. The Celsius unit of temperature is based on the freezing point and boiling point of water. milligram. This was dealt with in Chapter 9. are based on the powers of ten.10 Conversion— Metric and Standard Units: Temperature and Weight This ﬁnal chapter covers the conversions for weight and temperature. as well as conversion formulas to convert between the metric system and the standard system. These conversions will be practiced and explained in the questions and answer explanations. with the basic units of meter and liter. In the United States.

000 milligrams 1 kilogram (kg) = 1.035 ounce 1 pound ≈ 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Formulas Weight conversions between standard units 1 pound (lb) = 16 ounces (oz) 1 ton (t) = 2. 40°C = 104°F 206 . Multiply by 9 and then add 32.000 grams Weight conversions between standard and metric units 1 gram ≈ 0.000 pounds Weight conversions between metric units 1 centigram (cg) = 10 milligrams (mg) 1 gram (g) = 100 centigrams = 1. F = 9 (40) + 32 5 F= 360 5 + 32 F = 72 + 32 F = 104° Therefore.454 kilogram 1 pound ≈ 454 grams 1 kilogram ≈ 2. use the formula: F = 9 C + 32 5 Substitute the given number of Celsius degrees in the formula for C.205 pounds 1 ton ≈ 908 kilograms Temperature conversions from Celsius to Fahrenheit To convert from degrees Celsius (°C) to degrees Fahrenheit (°F). 5 Example: Convert 40°C into Fahrenheit.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Temperature conversions from Fahrenheit to Celsius To convert from degrees Fahrenheit (°F) to degrees Celsius (°C). 9 Example: Convert 50°F into Celsius. use the formula: C = 5 (°F – 32) 9 Substitute the given number of Fahrenheit degrees in the formula for F. C = 5 (50 – 32) 9 90 9 C = 5 (18) 9 C= C = 10° Therefore. then multiply by 5 . 50°F = 10°C 207 . Subtract 32.

how many pounds can the truck carry? a. d. 17.000 lb 445. 0. b. c. Find the equivalent Celsius temperature for zero degrees Fahrenheit. c. 32°C e. If half ton refers to the amount of weight the truck can carry in its bed. Tommy drives a half-ton pickup truck.3°C e. If the temperature is 10 degrees below zero Fahrenheit. 48 kg = ———————— g a. 6 lb = ———————— oz a.0048 0.8°C c. what is the temperature in degrees Celsius? a.800 48. 26.6°C 444.000 446.667 0. –37. It is a commonly known fact that 0°C = 32°F.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 442.2°C b.000 lb e.8°C b. –23. 2. 8 lb b. However.6°C c. 12. 1. –57.4°C d.48 4. 100 lb c.8 4. e. the conversion from 0°F to degrees is not as commonly known. the freezing point of water. 4. 14°C 208 . 96 69 2. –17. –32°C d. d.000 lb d. a. b.375 22 443. e.

6°C 209 .8 219.6°C b. e.008459 0.8°C d.2°C c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 447. 1.5 2.59 84. –30°C e. 2. b. e. c. e. 19. 0. d.2 3. b. a. 1. Write this temperature in degrees Celsius. e. c.9 cg = ———————— kg a.4 6.6 5. d. 845.5 lbs ≈ ———————— g a. –44. –7.6 25.5 448.816 1.459 84.135 1135 1816 5. b. 5.8450 8. the weatherman reported a temperature of 22 degrees below zero.8 89. c. d. 3 kg ≈ ———————— lbs a. b.51 451. 104°F = ———————— °C a.2 40 450. c. d. With the wind chill.590 449. 75.

0. 0. 5. 2. 0. d.6 lbs b.216 455. 27 2. c.25 lbs d. Graham cracker sticks come in a 13-ounce package. 3. A recipe calls for 3 ounces of cheese per serving.2 10.’’ the doctor ordered. b.371 kilograms b.0135 0. 4.455 kilograms d.4 36 –53.3 kilograms 454. d. how many pounds of cheese will she need? a. How many grams of ibuprofen is this? a. 286.4 456. c. 371.5 lbs e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 452. e. 455 kilograms e.4 kilograms c.6 –24. –79. 36 lbs c.5 lbs 453. –12°C = ———————— °F a. b. e. 432 ounces = ———————— tons a. 5 grams e. 0. If Rebecca is making 12 servings. 22. “Take 500 milligrams of ibuprofen if your headache acts up.135 0.000 grams c.05 grams b. What is the approximate weight of the package in kilograms? a. 50 grams d.5 grams 210 .7 0.

085 kilograms e.15 tons 459.75 461. What is this temperature in degrees Celsius? a. 0. 100.136 216. b. A Galapagos tortoise can weigh up to 300 pounds. e.85 kilograms d.2°C d.2 t ≈ ———————— kg a.300 393. e. 428°C c. 85. c.5 tons e. 4. Convert this weight into tons. d.15 t = ———————— oz a. 6. b. c. d.800 10.4°C b. a. 104.162 458. 140°C e. 0. 3. 6 tons c. 1. 60 tons b.2 21.62 2. a. 0. 154. 0. 90.2°C 460.080 50 6.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 457. 3. 850 kilograms c.6 38.813.0085 kilograms 211 . 220°F is above the boiling point of water. Convert this weight to kilograms.67 tons d. A box of Jello weighs about 85 grams.000 kilograms b.

5 milligrams e. 8.75 48. 2. 1.657 26.120 pounds c. Susan bought a 25-gram container of ground cloves to use in cider. d.500 milligrams c.5 pounds e. –121 –15. e. c.13 pounds 466.4 kg ≈ ———————— oz a. –85°F = ———————— °C a. 5. 0. 2.049 0. 25. Josephine has 70 ounces of meat to use in her annual batch of spaghetti sauce. 3.332 127. b. How many pounds of meat does Josephine have? a. b.025 milligrams 464.75 pounds d. e.1929 22 11 49 463.000 milligrams d.03 1. 250 milligrams b.13 465. b. d. d. c.4 –65 –79. 1.2 212 .375 pounds b. How many milligrams of cloves did she buy? a. 0.2 –29. 4.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 462. 58 g ≈ ———————— oz a. c. 2. e.

d.600.9 469.063 468. 23°C b.63 0. 630 63 6.000. 2.600.254.546 kilograms 213 .16 3. Mary’s teeth were chattering. 15°C 470.000 kilograms 12. b.254. –34. d. 29. c.03 10. Fill in the missing value in the table below so that the values are equivalent: Kilograms Milligrams 1.2546 kilograms 1.2°C d. d. b.192 7.000 kilograms 1.800 g + 390 cg + 2 kg ≈ ———————— lbs a.3 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 467. c. a.254.600 kilograms 1. 3. c. 1.8°C c.58 19. e. b. Convert this temperature to degrees Celsius. –20.254.6°C e.600 a. e. 63 mg = ———————— cg a. It was –5°F outside and she was cold to the bone. e.

d. 174.2 grams 475. Convert this temperature to Fahrenheit. 194 130 32. 114.5 e.4°F 474. 23.608 472.6 214 . About how many grams of food does Jodee’s daughter get at each meal? a.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 471.965 grams d. The oven thermometer read 65°C during preheating. 8. 0. c.6 93. 4.4 219.1 d. 18. b. Kelly’s dog weighs 52 pounds.2 104. 20°C = ———————— °F a. 120. e. 85°F d. d.67 68 –21. c. 236. e. 3.608 b. 90°C = ———————— °F a.73 c. a.035 grams c. Convert the dog’s weight to kilograms. Jodee feeds her daughter 4 ounces of baby food at every meal.6 4 473. 114.3 grams e. 149°F e.6°F b. a. b.14 grams b. 59.33°F c. –6. 23.

–3.8°F d. –10. d. 14.6°F 477. The thermostat was set at 17°C for the spring.4°F b. Julie was hoping the temperature would reach 26°C tomorrow.3°F 215 . Convert this temperature into degrees Fahrenheit. 104. 14°F –50°F –23. 62. b. a. c.3°F e. Convert –10°C into degrees Fahrenheit.6 480.6°F –75. e. a.8°F c. –16.2 35.4°F 479. c.2 –95 –31 478. e.6 –37. –95 –120. d. 78. What is this temperature in degrees Fahrenheit? a.3°F 39. b.2°F c. c. e. d. –8. –35°C = ———————— °F a. 2°C = ———————— °F a.4 –54 61. –27°F b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 476.7 –28. b. 88.8°F e. –1.6°F d.

c.8 216 . 34°C = ———————— °F a.2 3. e.710 1. a. 12. c. 134.4°F –113. b.8°F –88. –52. b.2 118.8 482.1 29. d. b. 93.2°F 484.000 12. Convert this temperature into degrees Fahrenheit.4 –171 –81.2°F b. 13. –63°C = ———————— °F a. e.01271 0.6°F 483. d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 481.6°F d.71 kilograms = ———————— milligrams a. c. c.4 –55. a. 0.00001271 12.8°F –62. Temperatures in some parts of the world can be 57°C.271.6 1. b. e. e. 160.9°F e. 45°F c. Convert –81°C into degrees Fahrenheit.000 485. 70. d. d.710. –203.8°F –177.8 –145.

8°C b. –104°F 487. –32°C c. 140°F b. 17. d. 2. a.24 kg = ———————— cg a. How many milligrams of medicine did the doctor prescribe? a. 0°F e. e. 0. 20 milligrams d. 0. a. –40°F c. The thermometer reading of –40°C is interesting. 32°C e. 40°F d. 2 milligrams e.6°C 217 .000 0.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 486. d. –44.6 –21. c. –7°C = ———————— °F a.0000024 490. 0.4 –70.000 milligrams b. c. b. –57.7 19. e.2 milligrams 488. A doctor prescribed 2 centigrams of medicine to his patient. b. Convert this temperature into degrees Fahrenheit to determine why.00024 240 24 24. Convert this into degrees Celsius.2 45 489. 0°C d. The freezing point of water is 32°F. 200 milligrams c.

85.3 494.1°C c. 21.7°C d.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 491. e.7 –9. –23. d. Convert this temperature into degrees Celsius. b. 201 oz 495. 71. 69. 148 oz b.6°C e. The air temperature was a humid 97°F on the beach.6°C b.1 40.75 oz d.2°C c. 156 oz e. –29. a. 20. –15°C b. The temperature dropped to 5°F during the evening. e. 21 oz c. 36.4 119.9 133. b.4 59 26. a.7 361. d. 206. 41°C 492. 15°F = ———————— °C a.4 493.7 83.9°C 218 . Michael weighed 12 pounds 9 ounces at his last checkup. c. 9. What is this temperature in degrees Celsius? a.8°C d. 183°F = ———————— °C a. c. Convert Michael’s weight into ounces.9°C e. 34.

e.9 cg = 564.7 84.7 20. d. 497.649 56. –21°F = ———————— °C a.4 –2.2 33.3 –29.57 grams e. –5. 5.649 56. What is the total weight of the sand and the container in grams? a. c. b. b.3 499. e.370 milligrams of sand are added to the cup.882 grams c.49 0.9 48.1 –1.37 grams b. e.2 –28. c. d. 42. 47. 42. d. 93.357 grams 500. 7.6 21.9 g ———————— a.2 –42. –15. The empty container weighs 512 centigrams.490 5. c. b.5649 498.49 grams d.8 6. c. 9.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 496. b. d.4 219 . e. –19°F = ———————— °C a. 29°F = ———————— °C a. 554.1 –43.

8 tons 220 . 6.7 tons b. Convert the elephant’s weight into tons. 1. 2.448 kilograms.0 tons c.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 501.2 tons e. a. 3. An African Elephant can weigh as much as 5.5 tons d. 2.

Every 100. To convert 0°F into Celsius. 444. 449. e.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions Answers 442. substitute 104 for F in the equation: C = 5 (104 – 32) 9 C = 5 (72) 9 C = 360 9 C = 40° Therefore. Since there are 3 kilograms.000 cg/kg = 0.000 grams. a.000 g/kg = 48. Every pound equals 16 ounces. substitute 0 for F in the equation: C = 5 (0 – 32) 9 C = 5 (–32) 9 C = – 160 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C ≈ –17. so multiply: 6 lb 16 oz/lb = 96 oz. 0°F ≈ –17.8° Therefore.3° Therefore. To convert 104°F into Celsius. e. d.9 cg ÷ 100. substitute –10 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–10 – 32) 9 C = 5 (–42) 9 10 C = –29 C ≈ –23. 445. To convert –10°F into Celsius.205 pounds. 446. –10°F ≈ –23. Therefore. 448. a. so multiply: 48 kg 1. Every kilogram equals 1.000 pounds.205 lbs/kg = 6. half of a ton is 2. 104°F = 40°C.3°C. Each kilogram equals about 2. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 221 . 443. b.6 lbs when rounded to the nearest tenth.8°C.000 g.000 centigrams make a kilogram so divide: 845. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 447. d.008459 kg.615 lbs ≈ 6.000 pounds. One ton equals 2. b.000 ÷ 2 = 1. multiply: 3 kg 2.

25 lb.4 g ÷ 1. 456.000 pounds to make 1 ton. Every 16 ounces is equal to one pound. 16 ounces equals 1 pound. Therefore.035 oz/g ≈ 371. substitute –22 for F in the C = 5 (–54) 9 C = 5 (–22 – 32) 9 70 C = –29 C = –30° Therefore. 453. To convert –12°C into Fahrenheit.5 lbs equation: C = 5 (F – 32) 9 454 g/lb = 1. Every 0.6 + 32 F = 10.135 g. b.371 kg.000 milligrams equals 1 gram. so divide: 300 lb ÷ 2. so ﬁrst ﬁgure out how many grams are in 13 ounces by dividing: 13 oz ÷ 0.813. 452. multiply: 2.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 450. a.000 mg/g = 0. d. Multiply: 4. –12°C = 10. Every ton equals 908 kilograms. c. 455. e. and Rebecca is making 12 servings.15 t.4° Therefore.2 t 908 kg/t = 3.4 g. It takes 2. Since each serving calls for 3 ounces of cheese. substitute –12 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F= –108 5 F = 9 (–12) + 32 5 + 32 F = –21.5 grams.035 ounce is equal to 1 gram. 2. so divide to convert ounces into pounds: 36 oz ÷ 16 oz/lb = 2. so divide: 500 mg ÷ 1. d.0135 t. 451. divide to determine the number of kilograms: 371. –22°F = –30°C.5 pounds into grams.000 lb/t = 0.000 g equals 1 kg. c. so divide to discover what fraction of a ton 27 pounds is: 27 lb ÷ 2. 457. 222 . 1. so divide: 432 oz ÷ 16 oz/lb = 27 lb. To convert –22°F into Celsius. Since 1. Every pound equals 454 grams. she needs: 3 oz 12 = 36 oz of cheese.6 kg. a.000g/kg ≈ 0. to convert 2. 454. 458.4°F. e.000 pounds equals 1 ton.000 lb/t = 0.

so divide: 63 mg ÷ 10 mg/cg = 6.205 lb\kg = 3. d. 462.000 grams. Each kilogram is equivalent to 2. a. d. so multiply: 1.800 oz.4 1. so multiply again: 6.4 kg 2.300 lbs 16 oz/lb = 100. To convert –85°F into Celsius. Each kilogram is equal to 1. Each gram equals 1.375 lb.000 lbs/t = 6.392 oz. Each pound equals 16 ounces. 465.035 ounce.3 cg. so multiply to ﬁnd 3. so divide to convert 85 grams: 85 g ÷ 1.4°C. substitute 220 for F in the equation: C = 5 (220 – 32) 9 C = 5 (188) 9 C = 940 9 C ≈ 104.087 lbs 16 oz/lb = 49. Alternately.400 grams.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 459. c. Multiply: 25 g 1. you can ﬁrst convert kilograms to grams. Multiply: 58 g = 2.15 pounds: C = 5 (F – 32) 9 3. a. 466. a. Ten milligrams equals one centigram.000 grams equals one kilogram. Each pound equals 16 ounces. Every 16 ounces make one pound.035 = 49 oz. and then to pounds. 464.0.4° Therefore. e.300 lbs. 223 .000 mg/g 0. To convert 220°F into Celsius.205 pounds. so kilograms is 1. 463. Every ton equals 2.035 oz/g = 25.15 t 2.087 lbs.035 ounces. –85°F = –65°C. so multiply again: 3. 220°F ≈ 104. substitute –85 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–85 – 32) 9 C = 5 (–117) 9 85 C = –59 C = –65° Therefore.085 kg. 1. 461.400 . Each gram equals about 0. a.000 milligrams. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 467.000 mg. 460.000 = 1. Each gram is 0.000 pounds. c. so divide: 70 oz ÷ 16 oz/lb = 4.000g/kg = 0. 1.03 oz. so multiply.

T convert 20°C into Fahrenheit. 469.000 g. 470. b.254. so divide to determine the number of grams: 1.58 lb. T convert 65°C into Fahrenheit.800 g + 3. To convert –4°F into Celsius.000 mg/g = 1.454 kilograms.000 g = 4.254. Now. 472.6° Therefore.9 g + 2. so multiply to ﬁnd the number of kilograms in 52 pounds: 52 lbs F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 180 5 0.9 g ÷ 454 g/lb ≈ 10. grams for example: 2. 2 kg 1. Every 1. Now add all the converted values: 2. every 1. so divide 4 ounces by 0. 390 cg ÷ 100 cg/g = 3.000 milligrams equals 1 gram.035 ounce is equal to 1 gram. d. 473. d. so divide: 4. 224 .600 mg ÷ 1.254. d. 474.9 g. 471. 65°C = 149°F.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 468.6 g.3 g. so divide again: 1.6°C. substitute –4 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–37) 9 C = 5 (–5 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 85 C = –19 C ≈ –20. Every 454 grams equals 1 pound.035 oz/g = 114.2546 kg. –4°F ≈ –20. 20°C = 68°F.000 g/kg = 2. substitute 20 for C in the equation: o F = 9 (20) + 32 5 + 32 F = 36 + 32 F = 68° Therefore.000 grams equals 1 kilogram.000 g/kg = 1. c.800 g remains the same. substitute 65 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 585 5 F = 9 (65) + 32 5 + 32 F = 117 + 32 F = 149° Therefore.454 kg/lb = 23.803.803. Every 0.608 kg. Convert all units to a single unit ﬁrst. b.9 g.6 g ÷ 1. e. Each pound equals 0.035 ounces to determine how many grams are in 4 ounces: 4 oz ÷ 0.2857 g ≈ 114.

–10°C = 14°F. 2°C = 35.6° Therefore. T convert –35°C into Fahrenheit. 17°C = 62. c.6 + 32 F = 35. substitute 90 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 810 5 F = 9 (90) + 32 5 + 32 F = 162 + 32 F = 194° Therefore. substitute 17 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 153 5 F = 9 (17) + 32 5 + 32 F = 30. 477.6°F. To convert –10°C into Fahrenheit.6° Therefore. e. 478. 479. T convert 17°C into Fahrenheit. 476.6 + 32 F = 62.6°F. 90°C = 194°F. substitute –35 for C in the equation: o F = 9 (–35) + 32 5 F= –315 5 F = 9 C + 32 5 + 32 F = –63 + 32 F = –31° Therefore. To convert 2°C into Fahrenheit. substitute 2 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 18 5 F = 9 (2) + 32 5 + 32 F = 3. T convert 90°C into Fahrenheit.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 475. a. –35°C = –31°F. substitute –10 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F= –90 5 F = 9 ( –10) + 32 5 + 32 F = –18 + 32 F = 14° Therefore. 225 . e. a.

26°C = 78. substitute 57 for C in the equation: o F = 9 (34) + 32 5 F = 9 C + 32 5 F = 513 + 32 5 F = 102.000 mg/g = 12. To convert –81°C into Fahrenheit. One kilogram equals 1. a.6°F. 481. substitute 34 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F = 306 + 32 5 F = 61.8°F. b.6 + 32 F = 134. T convert 26°C into Fahrenheit.2° Therefore. 483.8°484. T convert 34°C into Fahrenheit.000 g/kg = 12. so multiply again: 12.000 grams.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 480. One gram equals 1. 57°C = 134. e. 482.8° Therefore.2°F.8 + 32 F = 78. so multiply: 12. 34°C = 93. –81°C = –113.8 + 32 F = –113. substitute 26 for C in the equation: o F = 9 C + 32 5 F= 234 5 F = 9 (26) + 32 5 + 32 F = 46.2 + 32 F = 93.6° Therefore.000 mg.71 kg 1. F = 9 ( – 81) + 32 5 226 .710 g × 1.710. c.8° Therefore.000 milligrams. d. T convert 57°C into Fahrenheit.710 g. substitute –81 for C in the F = 9 (57) + 32 5 equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F = – 729 + 32 5 F = –145.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 485.000 g/kg = 240 g.4°486. c. so multiply to ﬁnd the number of grams in 0. d.4 + 32 F = –81. F = 9 (–7) + 32 5 489. 487. Each kilogram is 1. d. –63°C = –81. substitute –40 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F = – 360 + 32 5 F = –72 + 32 F = –40° Therefore.24 kg: 0. Each gram equals 100 centigrams so multiply again: 240 g 100 cg/g = 24. –40°C = –40°F. multiply: 2 cg = 20 mg. To convert 32°F into Celsius. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 227 . substitute –63 for C in the equation: F = 9 C + 32 5 F = – 567 + 32 5 F = –113. To convert –63°C into Fahrenheit. c.000 grams.000 cg. 490. substitute –7 for C in the equation: o 63 F = – 5 + 32 F = –12. substitute 32 for F in the equation: C = 5 (32 – 32) 9 C = 5 (0) 9 C= 0 9 C = 0° Therefore. –7°C = 19. To convert –40°C into Fahrenheit. b. T convert –7°C into Fahrenheit.6 + 32 F = 19. to ﬁnd the F = 9 (–63) + 32 5 F = 9 (–40) + 32 5 number of milligrams in 2 centigrams. Each centigram equals 10 milligrams. 32°F = 0°C.4°F.24 kg × 1.4° Therefore. Therefore. F = 9 C + 32 5 10 mg/cg 488.4° Therefore. c.

9° Therefore.4° Therefore. 183°F ≈ 83. Since Michael weighed 12 pounds 9 ounces.1°C. 5°F = –15°C. 15°F ≈ –9. b.501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 491. substitute 97 for F in the equation: C = 5 (65) 9 C = 5 (97 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C = 325 9 C ≈ 36.4°C. e. b. To convert 15°F into Celsius. To convert 97°F into Celsius.9°C. add the 9 ounces to the number of ounces in 12 pounds: 192 ounces + 9 ounces = 201 ounces. To convert 5°F into Celsius. 492.1° Therefore. substitute 15 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–17) 9 C = 5 (15 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C = –85 9 C ≈ –9. substitute 5 for F in the equation: C = 5 ( – 27) 9 C = 5 (5 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 35 C = –19 C = –15° Therefore. 494. so 12 pounds would equal: 12 lbs 16 oz/lb = 192 oz. 97°F ≈ 36. b. 493. 228 . Every pound equals 16 ounces. substitute 183 for F in the equation: C = 5 (151) 9 C = 5 (183 – 32) 9 C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C = 755 9 C ≈ 83. a. 495. To convert 183°F into Celsius.

501 Measurement and Conversion Questions 496.4° Therefore. Each gram is 100 centigrams.370 grams since every 1.49 g.448 kg ÷ C = 5 (F – 32) 9 C = 5 (–53) 9 908 kg/t = 6 t.3° Therefore. To convert 29°F into Celsius. 497.37 g. 512 centigrams is equal to 5. e. To convert –21°F into Celsius. b.12 g + 42.7°C.000 milligrams equals 1 gram: 42. b. –21°F ≈ –29.490 cg.12 grams since every 100 centigrams equals 1 gram: 512 cg ÷ 100 cg/g = 5. To convert –19°F into Celsius.370 milligrams equals 42. Now add: 5. c. so divide: 5.4°C. 500.37 g = 47.9 g C = 5 (F – 32) 9 100 cg/g = 56. 29°F ≈ –1. so multiply: 564. Every 908 kilograms is equivalent to 1 ton. 498. 501.3°C. c. substitute –21 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–21 – 32) 9 C = – 265 9 C ≈ –29.000 mg/g = 42.7° Therefore. substitute –19 for F in the equation: C = 5 (–19 – 32) 9 C = 5 (–51) 9 55 C = –29 C ≈ –28. 42.12 g. substitute 29 for F in the equation: C = 5 (29 – 32) 9 C = 5 ( – 3) 9 C = – 195 C ≈ – 1. –19°F ≈ –28.370 mg ÷ 1. C = 5 (F – 32) 9 499. e. 229 .

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