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Global Resource - Water NGWIRA Mabvuto Percy

Global Resource - Water NGWIRA Mabvuto Percy

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Published by Percy Ngwira
The importance of Water
The importance of Water

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Percy Ngwira on Jul 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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NGWIRA Mabvuto Percy - MSc.

In international Rural Development, 2010 - 2011
The Royal Agricultural College.

Global Resource - Water

1. Introduction
Water is an important and precious resource probably among all the resources that are useful or potentially useful to humans. Almost if not all human activities require the use of water these includes Agriculture, Industrial, Household, Environmental and Recreational. Demand for water has already exceeded supply in some parts of the world. So as the world population continues to increase the rise in demand for water is obvious. Given this pending scenario it is therefore important for the world to take precautionally and adaptations measures to deal with the situation. This poster presents water as a resource from its historical, current and future use and trends. 2. Global Water Resource Base The poster also discusses water visa vie climate change and concludes with global policies related to water management.

4. Historical Uses of Water
Anyone contemplating the study of "Water in History" is faced with a mountain of possible topics. History is, one might say, somewhat waterlogged. Since water as a resource is absolutely essential to human life, it should not be surprising that it is an important component of human history. Yet it is surprising how little attention water receives in historical accounts. Historically water has been an integral in the development of humankind, underling the 5. Current Global Water Usage & patterns of development and settlement. (More Scenarios on historical uses of water please refer to my technical notes)

7. Water Availability & Future Trends

9. Global Water & Population Growth
The world continues to experience great population growth and hence; increases in water demand and usage. The global concern about the future water resource is very understandable. Global trends are not optimistic, and show increasing environmental, social, and economic difficulties as a result of the many competing pressures on our natural resources especially water.

10. Global Water Sustainability visa vie Climate Change Sustainability of water management will mainly
anchor on climate change as it is expected to affect global freshwater resources as precipitation patterns change, glaciers melt and sea levels rise. These effects will further intensify water stress experienced from population growth, economic development and industrial pollution. Water may thus be the limiting resource for many economic activities. Although the industrial sector takes up only about one-fifth of the water being used globally, water usage intensity is significant to all businesses whose sustainability will depend on its availability, cost and quality.

6. Global Water Scarcity

Measured on conventional indicators, water stress is increasing. Today, about 700 million people in 43 countries live below the water-stress threshold of 1,700 cubic metres per person—an admittedly arbitrary dividing line. By 2025 that figure will reach 3 billion, as water stress intensifies in China, India, North Africa, MiddleWithdrawal & 8. Global Water East and Sub-Saharan Africa.


3. Global Use of Water 11. Global Water Policies & Management.
Awareness of the seriousness of water problems has evolved gradually over the years, and important recommendation s have been formulated since the United In 1992 the UN General Assembly Nations Water designated 22 March of each year Conference in as the World Day for Water Mar del Plata More details please refer (Argentina) in to my 1977. technical notes

What is water scarcity? Imbalances between availability and demand, the degradation of groundwater and surface water quality, intersectoral competition, interregional and international http://www.unesco.org/water/wwap/facts_figures/water_industry.shtml conflicts, all contributes to water scarcity.

During the last 70 years, the global population has tripled, but water withdrawals have increased over six times. Since 1940, annual global water withdrawals have increased by an average of nearly 3% per year, while population growth has averaged between 1.5 % and 2% .


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