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)(`"hily fef`n xi`n 'x izin`d oe`bd oxn daiyid y`x x"hre x"en znkqd jezn

iptn zgi `le min iwit` lr mipeik eipir xy` dkldd oe`be dxezd xy epaxe epxen ly eixac ea ,xeibe mixb ipipira mipiice mipax qpka `"hily

sqei dicaer epax l"y`xd oxn ,lk

.l`xyi ilecb etzzyd


* f"qyz zpya zay bper sqena "meil mei" oezira eqtcpe `"hily oxn i"r exn`py itk dlna dln eazkp mixacd

wgxl `le axwl mdil` al eniy


.eteq z` d`ex `ed xac ly ezligza ,ey`xa eipir df dn ,ey`xa eipir mkgd aezk dyny jk lr itec ly zecb`a yxece ayei didy dypn lr xteqn oixcdpq 'qna za dzid rpnzy zxne` 'nbd j` ."rpnz ohel zeg`e" weqtd z` dxeza azk epax `l zea`dy iptne ,l`xyi mra wacdl dpevx zngn xiibzdl zn`a dyway mikln ...dze` gwle inxetx xeib dl dyry ftil`l dkld ("da did leqt uny") delaiw !dwigxdl mdilr did `ly iptn l`xyi z` scxy ,wlnr `vi dpnn xn` d"awd ,a`en iabl jk !wigxdl yi cinz `ly `id dxezd zrc ,dxezd zrc idef dne`d lk dlvip "mdn `ivedl il yi zeaeh zecixt izy" zekfa .a`en z` xvz l` dynl .dlek

mivtg mpi`y dl` ,miiyi` mipiipr zngn xiibzdl mi`ay dl`n xdfdl mikixv ep`
lr xiibzdl ywiay xbd eze` z` laiw lldy xekfl aeyg j` ,l`xyi mra wacidl zn`a ep` mby dn df !miny myl ezpeeky ezrc seql cxie oiady llba df .lecb odk edeyriy zpn cenll mcew mze` gelyl ,dnkga ,dpeaza oaenk ! lawl miaiig ep` ! axwl :zeyrl mikixv

! minxetxd jk xg` e`eai icn xzei xingz m` .lltzdl ji` ,dxez


izayg ,iaxr `edy izrci `l .owfa xehr iaxr il` `a ,dewz gzta oiic iziidyk xkef ip` xqnzd `ed .z`f rci `l cg` s` ,mieb eidy zexnl 'faipeta ecnl eipa ...ipniz mkg `edy el ozp `avde eiigl yyg didy cr 'my' dyrpdn l"dvl mixac dlib `ed ,l`xyi mr ornl `ed ik yily zernca il xtiq `ed ,xiibzdl ywiae il` `a `edyk .zinvr dpbdl wyp ezywa ...oiipnl eze` etxvi `ly i`abdn ywia `ed j` ,ey`xl oilitz mr mei lk lltzn .oin` ok` `edy dxhynd mr ep`ciey xg`l epiyr jk ok`e ,exeib jildz z` fxfpy dzid izl`y .rny z`ixw cin `xw `ed dliahd lr jxiay xg`l ,(eipa ipy mr) dliahd xg`l mrtd ef :yily zernca il dpr `ede ,rny z`ixw eiykr `wec `xew `ed recn eze` izxn` !melk deey did `l df !iebk dze` iz`xw xweaa ,icedik y"w `xew ip`y dpey`xd ,el izxn` !aey jxaz "!xweaa izkxa" orh `ed j` ,dxezd zekxa mcew jxal eilr ik el lkl icedik dxezd zekxa z` jxae cnrp `ed dnevr zeybxzda !jxay iebd did df xweaa .dl`k yie dl`k yi !c`n epnn izlrtzd .eiiga dpey`xl ,xac

dgec l`ny ,icn xzei wigxdl e` ciakdl `l !wgxl `le axwl ,mdil` al eniy
mkg" zpigaa zeidle ,wgxl `le axwl zn`d z` zrcl lkepy xefri d"awd !zaxwn oinie ."ey`xa eipir

* ' " . , .,

, ! , " . " " ... ! ! , , , . !


l`xyi ilecb cnrna mipiice mipax qpka `"hily sqei dicaer epax l"y`xd ixac jezn

daiyid y`x x"hre x"en znkqd `"hily

fef`n xi`n

iax izin`d oe`bd oxn

r"yzd ixyza a"i ,wxa ipa ,c"qa (w"tl mingx zra dperd)

dkxa azkn
'x x"dnk ,df eppa ,dxedh 'd z`xiae ,dxeza ocwyd oe`bd axd p"ici ly egk xyii zeax zeiptl dprpe ,k"g xeza xeav ikxva weqr `ed ik m`y ,`"hily mlqn` miig dpn`a did xy`ke ,daagn ff `l mewn lkn ,(minrt dnk zrcl izgkepy enk) zefixfa ipiipra siwn xtq xaige ,zekld iteba oeira wqer meid cr ok "mingx `qk" zaiyia epz` ,mipexg` ipexg` cr mipey`xn zexaqd lke zercd lk sq`e ,l`xyi rxf mya zexib zexb leqtl eribdy epxec inkg zvwk `le ,xyt`y dnk cr mixbd axwl yiy ezpwqne

dfd xack did `le .dkldk zeevn xny `l xbdy dprha (!) dpy miyly iptln rxtnl
e` eia` exiiby ohwa wx ,rxtnl iebk epic didie zegnl leki xbdy eprny `ly ,mlern jxk gilvn yi` z"eya l"vf b"dn` azk dfa mbe ,(f"q g"qx oniq c"eia) oic zia edexiiby

fge`e cg` l`a oin`ny epiidc ,eia`k dvgnl icedi cenri m`y (a"n i"qeq c"eig) 'b
sqei r"xbd oxn wqt oke .y"r .d`gn ef oi` zeevnd lk xney epi`y s` ,zeevn zvwa mipady yyg yiy c"ad mi`ex m`y (c i"qeq r"d`g) a"g xne` riai z"eya `"hily .y"r .ieyr eyry dn melawe exar m`e ,mxiibl `ly oekp mlcba h"ie zezay ellgi elld f"l iptle) recik xnen l`xyik epic f"r care xfg elit` aehd epevxn xiibzpy lecb la` d`yip mn`y dprha ,zexfnn wtqn "zeg`de g`d" z` xdhl l"f oxeb axd dvx mipy df lr yrx mlerd lke ,rxtnl milha eiyeciwe v"nez xny `ly wtwetn xbl dpey`xa .(mqxetne recik mixb miyw (:r oiyeciw) l"fg exn` mpga `l ik ,c`n mixeiba xdfil jixv ik zn`e liaya mixfeg maexy itl" (d`ia ixeqi` zekldn b"it seq) m"anxd x`iae ,zgtqk l`xyil `edy `"r `"r sc oiyeciw 'qeza xbd mdxa` epax yexite) ."l`xyi z` mirhne ,xac iptl i`pi xcpqkl` i`penygd jlndy reci mbe .(xag el oi`y dnecnk ,mixbc `zeilrnl wxt seq oetiqei oiir) gka mze` lne mze` xiibe mec`a zeax mixr yak dpy miitl`k epieehvp jci`n j` .mi`penygd rxf lk zixkd xy` inec`d card qecxed `vi mdne ,(b"l dirny oebk l`xyi ilecbe .(h"i c"ei mixac) xbd z` mzad`e y"nke wcv-ixb aed`l wcv xb dicaerl daeyza m"anxde .mixb ipa e` mixb eid n"xe r"xe qelwpe`e oeilha`e :el azek (ziaxrl dwfgd cid xtq el mbxzl m"anxd z`n ywiae) zixar rci `l xy` (!) "wcvd-xb oiand likynd dicaer `paxe `pxn" zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn xbl oiriceny (a"q g"qx oniq) c"ei r"ya epivn dpde xeqi` edericed `l m` ,jnvr rbd .y"r .eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr oiaxn oi`e 'eke zexeng xeq`e zaya x"dxl i"dxn lhlhl xeq`y xbd rnyi k"g`e zaya xxea xeqi`e d`ved

ik dl`a zkll lke` `l" xn`i m`d ,dliwqe zxk df lr aiige lke` jezn zleqt xexal oeylk) k"g` oceq dlbzpe dnly xiiby miypd lk ike ?rxtnl ezexib lhaize "iziqp `l eyrp mdipae rxtnl ozexib dlha m`d (y"ixa oxeq oiqxeb yie ,f"id a"`dn b"ita m"anxd m` (eh-`i 'c '` mikln) urnig`e acpia`l e`yipy dnly zepa znyae zth k"`e ?mieb

oeikc ,eprny `l df lke ?mieb mdipae zeieb od ixd ,oceq dlbzpy dl`k zeixkpn eclep
.(my) m"anxd y"nke ,mixenb l`xyik eyrp zck elahy leki m` dxxgzype dgtyd lr orhpa l`yp (a"lw oniq) xecd x`t z"eya m"anxde n"n ,(:ck zenai dpyna x`eank) dligzkl dp`yil xeq` oicd ony t"r`y azke ,dp`yil ,(`"r a"t sc `nei oiir) envr oney `le ahex lk`iy ahen epxn` miayd zpwz iptn ,c"pl oipr df oi` n"n .y"r .dp`yil xzene ,jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl zr l"f`n lr epknqe aexy x"dera eppnfa ok `l ,zck l`xyi ipic lk xenyz oi`eyipde xexgyd xg`l my ik n"ne ,epy`x lr exar xy` zexvde zelbd jxe`n ,riaxle yilyle dvgnl miizxeqn mrd lawn ip`" xn` m` wxe .jka eic illk ote`a zeevn ler xbd eilr laiwe lahe lny oeik `l m` la` ,(g"d a"`dn c"it m"anx) eze` oilawn oi` "cg` wecwcn ueg dxezd lk

oilawne mixac mpi` alay mixac ,xiibzdl un`zne ade` `edy d`xpe ok xn`
(f"id b"it) n"nd y"ntl oky lke .mixtqe mixteq itn e"xp g"ndd gikedy enke ,eze` ,zexecl oke" (c"d my) epax oeyl wecwc l"p dfe .carica zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y dxe`klc ,"dxez ler eilr lawie dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle zixal qpkdl iebd dvxiyk dqipkd mvry epcnll `ay `l` ,(stezqdle qpkdl enk) dxez ler eilr lawle l"led .e"xp g"ndd y"nke dxezd ler zlaw md md dliahe dlin epiidc zixal `le zay `le dewn `le zexyk `le p"kda my oi`y miiytgd miveaiwa ,mewn lkne xeq` xiibzdl myn `ad iqex (x"dera migetzd sihw mei mlv` `xwp xetk meie) xetk `l `avl jled elit`e .melk xenyi `ly icdq op`c ,myn enewn xewri k"`` eze` lawl

zeigle zc xenyl oiekzn `ed m` wx .micedi mpi`e `avl miqiibzny mifexcn sicr
,dlecb devn efy ,l`xyi llk lr envr xqeny dn itexhvi`l ifg ,izxeqn mewna jynp `ly d"awd epz` dyr dwcve .gcp epnn gci `l ik l`xyi rxfn eia` m` hxtae mzavgn xevl mikynpe ,i"`l mixfeg zeaaxe mitl`e ,dpy mirayn xzei `iqexa mfipenewd .d"a xzide ung zxikne leafext ipiipr miligzn mixbl otle`a cnll `ly c"prl ie`xe eyrie ,xveid cia xnegk mipaxd cia dxezdy eaygi lal ,dnecke dxikn xzide `wqir okid cr lawznd ote`a dxvwa mdl exiaqi `l` .mixexb mixbl efgzie dnxra dnd mb ,mpbne mxfr `di d"awde ,(d"d daeyz zekldn i"ta m"anxd azky c"r) zrbn mlky ciy .mpd dpd oeivl oey`x ,dnly dle`bl dkfp epinia dxdnae ,mci zgzn dlwz `vz `ly .on` e"xp g"ndd p"icil dax dkxaa

dveg eizepiirn evetie o"n`p . .


*

Rabbi Shear Yashuv Cohen


Chief Rabbi - Haifa
(11.8.2009) h"qyz `"pn `"k ,d"a l`xyi zia lk cicie 'd cici ,p"ici ceakl mixd xwere ipiq ,daaxn lebc ,oe`bd axd `"hily mlqn` miig x"den milyexi ,htynke dax dad`a h"dycg` xi`dyk ipgnye ,ecia ecenlze o`kl `a xy`k cegiae eplv` 'ak xewiaa c`n izgny ux`a ,eppnfa xeibd i`yepa elek wqerd ,"l`xyi rxf" siwnde lecbd extq ipt xar l` `yepa miwqerd zexewnd lk ly mevrd swidd on iznrtp .zeielbd ueaw onfa ,l`xyi ,izgny cegia .miwqetde miyxtnd ,mipexg`de mipey`xd epizeax iazkae l"fg ixaca ,df `ay in lk lr xak dlg dzevn c"prl mby ,xbd zad` oipra ,eziprnl jix`d x"zky ie`x did `ly ,"rpnz" lr mirecid l"fg ixac milg eilry ,epiptl cnere zepka xiibzdl .dzegcl ux`a epinia c`n dievnd dl`ya ,cegia weqrle xxal jix`d x"zk zlrn dpde meik" `ed `lnne "minybd meik" ,l"fg ixack `edy ,zeielbd ueaw xec ,epxeca ,l`xyi zegtynd zl`yl izpeek .('f sc my d`xe 'a 'g ziprz) "ux`e miny ea e`xapy mi`a ,mdicli cegiae mdy ,zaexrz i`eyipa mixkp rxfne l`xyi rxfn zeaxernd .l`xyi-ziaa wacdle xiibzdl lr ,zepeyd mdizerce l"fg ixaca epipyy enk .wgxl e` axwl :`id epiptl dl`yd l`xyi oia mely zeyrle ,wgxl `le axwl `ay ,d"r `iapd edil` ly ezegilye exec df ile` .(zeiecr zkqn seq dpynd ixac d`x) minyay mdia` oial mpiae ,mnvr oial mya ryedi iax ixac :miyecwd mi`pzd epizeax ixaca ,zwelgna my iepyd ,oiprd wner `nhl `a edil` oi`y :ipiqn dynl dkld ,eaxn eaxe ,eaxn rnyy i`kf oa opgei oax zia zgtyn ,rexfa oiwgexnd axwle ,rexfa oiaxewnd wgxl `l` ,axwle wgxl ,xdhle

odk aeyi - x`y

axwl xne` dcedi iax ,axwle wgxl ,xdhle `nhl `a edil` el` oebk ,'eke 'eke dtexv `le wgxl `l mixne` minkge zwelgnd zeeydl xne` oerny iax wgxl `l la` 'ebe `iapd edil` z` mkl gley ippd" :xn`py mlera mely zeyrl `l` axwl ."mzea` lr mipa ale mipa lr zea` al aiyde
,c"prl ,rivdl c`n okzi la` ,oiqgei ileqt oipra zwqer dpyndy ,mixac ly mheyt `yepa zxrvnd zwelgnd `yepae ,mixeibd `yepa meid epiptl zavpd dl`yd z`fy .eyrp xaky mixeib ly carica lehia ,"miiwzdl dteqe" miny myl `idy ,izltze izewz ,i`ceay ,zwelgnd z`f ,mpn` yxcnd zia ilzekn z`vei `l i`ceae ,mlerl d`a dzid `ly did ahen ik ,ipnec ,j` .l"x minkg ceaka zrbete miaxd zeyxl ixac el`e el`y ,miyecwd mi`pzd lk ly mkxca jled siwnde lecbd extqa x"zk cegiae ,n"nld eizeax mya i`kf oa opgei oax mya ryedi iax zrc :epiidc ,miig miwl`

Rabbi Shear Yashuv Cohen


Chief Rabbi - Haifa
zrc cegiae zwelgnd zeeydl oerny iax zrce wgxl `l la` axwl dcedi iax zrc dncwdd ixac ly miazkd oia zayepd gexd efy ,"mlera mely zeyrl" :minkg zeevnd zlaw oipra miwqerd xtqd iwxta ,mitiwnd eixexaa cegiae ,x"zk ly mi`ltpd zry"a epinia avna miwqerd xtqd iwxta cegiae ,oi`eyip myl zexb oipra oke ,dixcbe ,"l`xyi rxf" oipra `ltpde siwnd exexian c`n izipdp ,ok` "`inc caricky wgcd .xyt`y dnk cr epnn wgxzdl ie`xy ,"zexb lehia" oiprae dpxeb xinrk sq` `ly miwqete miyxtn ,mipexg`e mipey`xa xewn gipd `ly egek xyii miweqre miwqerd ,l`xyi ux` ipax ,minkg ogley lrn cxi `l i`ceay ,lecbd extq l` .ewlg ixy`e eixy` jexr ogleyk ezpyn mdiptl jxry ,ef dcakpe dyw dl`ya ,xir` ,ezexb ixg` zeevn xney `l lretay inl zexb lehia oipra ,miaeygd eixacl ixwg" ixtqa qtcpy "zeevn xney epi`ye exeql xfgy xb" oipra iqxhpewa izxxay itk ik xxazpe ,f"r cearl xfgy xb oipra my xaecndy c"prl ,ixd .a"kw-i"w micenr "dkld cegiae "xfrig`"d zhiy `iad x"zk .f"rl ezekiiy z` wiqtd `l ,dligzklny oicd zial dkixv mzrcl mby ,il d`xp .zeevn zlaw oipra l"vf l`ifer ig xi`n v"axbd oxn zhiy "zeevnd zrced"a wx ike zexbd xwir `idy ,alae dta dnly "n"ez zlaw" zeidl ."zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn" ly ozrced dwitqn ie`x xeibd ixg` ,carica ik ewqty mipexg`de mipey`xd ilecb zrc `iad x"zk dvex xiibzdl `ady ,lawnd oicd zial xexa zeidl jixv dheyt oeyla .mixacd xxal daiaqd e` dqpxt oipr enk idylk daiq iptny `l` zeevn xney "icedi zeidl" zn`a ly zipctw dxinya lreta dywzn `ed ,zxg` daiq lk e` xiibzn `ed dkezly ux`a avnd oia licadl yi ,x"zk azky enk ,c"prl mb .mzxinya ewfgl jixve ,zeevnd ux`a wxe j` dfe icedi zeidl dvexe micedid ux` iayez oia `vnp `edy l`xyi iy`x axk ezpedk onfay ,l"vf y"xbd oxn iqib eiwqtae extqa azk xaky itk ,l`xyi dcerzd swezy ,yxetn i`pz ,ux`a oicd iza e`ivedy xeibd zecerza siqed ,l`xyil .dl dvegn `le ,l`xyi ux`a wx zevn miiwle ,miax za xrya ezrc cibdl ,eal une` lr eze` jxan ip`e ,xnc egek xyii z` ecnli df dywe aeyg `yepa miwqerd lk ik dlitz ip` ,d"frae "yi` iptn exebz `l" jxc ept ,mixrya exar exar" :d"r `iapd ediryi ly exac mda miiewie ,yexcd oeira extq .('e ,a"q ediryi) "inr jxcn leykn exiqd ,jxc ept ,dliqnd elq elq ,mrd dlrn dlrn zelrl dkfiy ,ycewn epzpedk zad` zkxaa x"zk zlrn z` jxan ippd lr ecg`zi dlecbe dxeze "`kxk `lek lr diyix mexizc `erx `die" ,ycewd zelrna .ux`de mrd ,dxezd zx`tzl ,epgley mzegde azekd fer ecici ytpk ,ux`de mrd dxezd ceakl

odk aeyi - x`y

odk aeyi x`y axd e"z dtig w"dirtegd

`"hily

iwqaekic dnly

'x oe`bd znkqd

(xaryl) lecbd oicd zia xag

h"qyzd fenz gxil mei mixyre cg` zaya ipya .d"a

!zeaehe mipye mini jxe`l ,mlqn` miig iax axd lecbd oe`bd ,xwid icaekn i`yepa elek wqerd ,miwlg dyely "l`xyi rxf" lecbd extqa fetg oeir izpiir .diyeze dvr epnn izipdpe xeibd ze`iwaa xweqe ,xiibzdl mi`ad ly zeevnd zlawe xeibd ipipr z` siwn df xtq .mdizexecl miwqetd zehiy z` dnidcn zeevnd zlaw ly aeygd `yepl elek ycwend ,dfk swid ax ipxez xeaig izi`x `l .zepeyd zehiyd lye mixacd ly dax dagxd o`k yie ,mixiibzna .evx`n mrd zelb f`n hrnk ,ezenk did `ly ,zeielb ueaw ly xec `ed epxec ,eplekle mdle ,dkldd itl micedi mpi`y mitl` ze`n ux`l elr zeielbd ueaw zxbqna .dkldk xeibd oipr c`n rbep xeibd i`yepa zeax izwqr ,lecbd oicd ziaa xwirae ,oicd izaa izcear zxbqna c"dia ixag aex mle` .ixiagn wlg mr zerc iwelig mrt `l il eid .dyrnl dkld ."rxtnl xeib leha" ly dywd diraa xwirae ,oecipa izcnr z` elaw lecbd zexewn izcnra miknezd ,`iany miaxd miizkldd zexewnd z` ze`xl izgny .mdil` ribdl c`n dyw dlibx jxcay ,zrcl elikyie ,miaehe milecb ea ecnli ,mler xe` xtqd d`xi xy`ky ,xeaq ip` ozip jka ile`e ,dyrnl dkld xeibd `yep z` mipexg`de mipey`xd epinkg e`x cvik .miyw miiyi`e miizkld miavn repnle epxec z` mb owzl didi

eal zel`yn lk `lni d"awd .dxic`dle dxez licbdl ,`ziixe`l egek xyi .zx`tzle myl ,l`xyia d`xed dxenk ,eznledd zipgexd dxhrl dkfie ,daehl
:ald axwn dkxaa

iwqaekic dnly (xaryl) lecbd oicd zia xag

r"yz oeyg xn

xe`il aec axd


xird ax e"z oexag rax` zixw ceakl "l`xyi rxf" xtq xagn mlqn` miig axd oe`bd axd miaeyge miax mixtq cere .ze`ik d"ycg`

xeaig ,eihiaid lk lr zexbd zlaw `yepa ocd "l`xyi rxf" lecbd exeaig z` izlaw z` exeaiga siwd z"k ,epzxez icnel lv` zeki`ae zenka ezenk miiw `ly ipnecy siwny xtq ,oexg`d xecd iwqet cr mipey`xd ilecb jxc cenlzd zexewnn lgd `yepd zelrl ie`x df xtqy wtq oi`e zexbl mixeywd mi`yepd lka dwnrdae agexae wnera dfd xeca ,epiiga df ifkxn `yepa oiirle cenll ,opax ikln o`ne ,ikln ly mpgley lr iepa `ede exeaign cakp wlg izi`x .ux`d zetpk rax`n l`xyi igcpe zeielb ueaiw xec ly dznglne dxez ly dkxc itk xyeid ipc` lr ozxaqdae zehiyd xexiaa zeitlzl .dxez itl dtwz `id zexib lk llk jxcay zehwep zehiyd aexe ,zehiyd lk z` `iad z"k .mibixg miccea mixwnn ueg dkldd

.zewcev ody c"prl d`xpe zecewp rax`a wiqd z"ky zepwqnd z` izi`xe
md dl` - `l` ,onfl zeycgznd zelewa xaecn oi`y hlaeie ybceiy c"prl aeyg ,miwqetd ilecb ixac itl zexec ixecn dkldd zeceqi lr miqqeand miizkldd zeceqid ueg itlk oke ,mzq milwny mipax o`k yiy exn`i `ly mipt itlk lk mcew aeyg df .l"x onfd gex itl zynbzn `id dklddy exn`i `ly zxg` ,l`xyi ipax zkinza l`xyil ziy`xd zepaxd xeyi` oerh dfky `yep c"prl .l`xyi mra rxw `iadl dlilg lelr df owzl mewnae zelecb zewelgn `iadl lelr df zvtda miaxd z` cer zekfl dveg eizepirn evetiy dkfiy z"kl lg`l ippd ef zepncfda .dfd xeca cegiia rnyidl miie`xy mixac ,dcb`ae dklda eixtq minyay mdia`l l`xyi z` axwle miaxd z` zekfl zlekid z` el ozie edwfgi mydy .dyecwd epvx`e epnr ornl miny my ycwl dkfiy ,zixeaivd ezelirta oke

dicnele dxezd ceakl mzegd xe`il aec axd inewn ax oexag `id rax` zixw

h"qyz lel` 'g mei ,d"a `"hily mlqn` miig iax oe`bd axd ceak milyexia v"ene ax

dxezd iwlg lka xaigy eixtq il` glyy xear zecez sl` x"zkl zecedl dfa ippd mipaxe minkg edegay xake zeki`d iax xzei cere zenkd iax mde r"eyd iwlg rax`a .`"hily l`xyi ilecb mipexg` lke mipey`xd lkn sq` eae zexb ipiipr lr mixtq ipy cer il gelyl siqed cere .df lr egek xy`ie epipnf ipaxn mbe mpeyl wizrde in lk lr daeg i`ceae zexb zeklda mixwnde zel`yd eaxzpy ce`n ievxe lecb xace .zexewna yiy dn lk zrcl eilry dfa wqery dlwz mexbl leki zeklda dlwz e"gy l`xyi llk zlrezl xe`l m`ivedl edkfi d"awde .zexecl ['eke] oikf gkn [oic zia] zrc lr eze` oixiibn ohw xb exn`y dny xir` ycewd zagle oilawny exear oikefy k"rae laehe lenip ohwd `ed ixd exear oikef dn eywzp xake lawl xyt` xifp zeidl mc`l zekfy xievi ele ,exear zekf dfe zeevnd miiwl aeig exear zzl wx mc`n oikf mixne` `ly cere g"dvwd zrc ok` dikf oicn ohwd epa xear zexifp lr l`xyi zyecw lawny xnel ozip ok` ,epnn oilawn eli`k df zeevn zlawe ,dkefl jixvy gxken dzrne ,zeevna aiigzny dyecwd oiipr la` zyecw exear oilawny ici mikixv mdixace oixcdpq 'qez oiire ?exear oilawn dn ok `l m`y zeevna aiigzdl dlaw .xe`ia

dad`a ekxand bxacleb dingp onlf

g"qyz jl gly zyxt w"yn d"a

'eke n"ern oe`bd axd icici ceakl `"hily mlqn` miig axd
k"ge e"z milyexi w"wa v"ene ax

.eced miaaeqle eceakl ax mely eizekild xeib zekld lr aeygd eqxhpew zlaw xy`l ippd ,dkxae daeh mely miy ixg` mipiic i"r eyrpy mixeib elhay mipiic mze` zece` dlecbd dxrqd zece` cgeinae ,eixcbe lhal ewqt mdiptl oecipy cg` wiz jnq lr xy`k .dxe`kl dkenp xzei d`kxra mixg` miwqetde q"yd zexewna `yepd lk siwdl eci dhp eceake .y"be "ywd" jezn mixeibd lk zeevn zlaw m` xacd aeqp xwirae ,mevr swida .mipyi mb miycg .mipexg`e mipey`x xeiba zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y m"anxda xe`iaa x"zk zrcy .`l e` xeibd zakrn myl mzq lahe 'd zeevn lk z` eilr lawny xn` `l m`y .xgaend on devnl `l` oniq b"g u"ayza x`ean okye (g"qx oniq c"ei) g"ad zrc `id okye akrn epi` zexb `"r f"n zenai `"ahixde (g"qx oniq) sqei ziaa `aen sqei iwenipd zrc `id oke c"n akrn epi` edericed `l m`y zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`c `"r `"i zeaezk e"wnhyae .r"eyd oxn zrc `id okye

cebipa lwdl wqt a"lw oniq xecd x`t z"eya m"anxd m`e `ed wgcd zry epipnfae
iptn d`iydl xizdl wqte dxiibzpe b"erd on orhpd oica c"k zenaia dkexr dpynl "dp`yil lekie jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl zr l"f mxn` lr epknqe" miiqne miayd zpwz cere g"p oniq c"eig l`ifer ihtyne e"k oniq b"g xfrig` z"eya ewqt oke .my oiir edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb f"id a"`n c"it m"anxa x`ean xacde ,miwqet xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit`e xb f"d zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne oypere zeevnd care xfg elit`e ezwcv x`aziy cr el oiyyege m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle 'eke oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd m"ekr

cec ini lk mixb oic zia elaiw `l jkitl azk e"h dkldae ,k"r oceq dlbpy i"tr`e oiyyeg lecbd oic zia eide zeheicd ipta mixiibzn daxd mixb eid ok i"tr`e 'eke dnlye eyyg lecbd c"ia elit` m`e wgcd zry dfa d`x m"anxd m`e .my oiir oze` oigec `le xy` z"ey xtqa oiir .meid ly lecbd oic zia epri dne ,op` dprp dn zeheicd ixeibl zia ixag mkn epyea l"fe a"iw cenr 'd oniq f"rd` wlg l"vf feli y"xd oe`bl dnlyl dnke dnk zg` lr zeheicd ixeibl eyyge elha `l m`e milyexiay mixerxrl lecbd oic enk weica zepiicl dknqd ilra lecbd mwlge dxez ilecb mipax i"r eyrp mixeibd xy`k

zeklda `l` xacd oi`e dklda wif el oi`e denz xacd k"`e .oiic lkl yiy dcerz lk
`"yxdn oiir l`xyi llkl dira didz dcind lr xzei wcwcl `ap m`e ,l"ce zexg` zelbl oi`e ixnbl mixyk eidi cizrle drnhp drnhpy dgtyn l"fe ,`"r sc oiyeciw .w"ece ocic oecpa e"w ok m`e ,k"r zewitq oaex dfd xecae owitqa mixg`l mixacd lr xefgle ziefe dpit xi`yd `l zrce mrh aeha zeitlzl iepa eqxhpew dpde .d"nkye ea xcbzdl aeyg xac jl egipdy jixy` ,xzenl j`

.d"nkye dyrnl dkld eqxhpewa dlrd xy` lkl enir mikqn ip`e

.`ziixe`c `xwie dkxaa

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"dpeny zixw" xird ly iy`xd dax `"hily ixexc diptv iax oe`bd axdn dkxa azkn .epxtqn a"ga d"ra riteiy "xabi miliige" qxhpew meqxt zeawra
r"yzd oeeyg 'a d"a l`

mlqn` miig b"dxd .milyexi ,icaeknl mely


ok` .l`xyile dxezl jzad` zxeab lr `ed zecr .xabi milige qxhpew lr jlig xyi .dxez ly dceake 'd oevx l` jal zpeek lke jal xedh miiefa epzyeale .oendd lv` miheyt mpi` ik s` ,jala mireaw mixac dnky jixy` .mixene d`xedl eribd `ly el` axwa md jiizydl mivexe ,icedid mrd zad` jezn mi`a epxeca xiibzdl mi`ady oin`n jpd .diayei lre ux`d lr oibxdpe l`xyi zellk lr mytp mixqeny el` hxtae .eil` .zecdil qpkdl utgyk ynn mda oi`y xnele elld zeevnd lkn mlrzdl" ,wcva zraw ."oekp xacd oi` deelpe ceariyd zxv yibxnyk" b"nqd lr xtq zlbnd :iaxax ily`a jizeczi zknz oilaeln odkd wecv epiaxe ."c`n cr zecdia utge mly ealy dxen df .mzxva mnr "dpki l`xyi myay (ick xiibzny in) `ed zecdid xwirc" c"p wicvd zwcva ipira 'd lelig yiy `vpbnn jexa iax azky mi`xwd oiprl 'g wlg xne` riaiae .zelba epnr zlaeqy dcrd z` milqet ep`y miiebd .xfrig` azk a"eike .l`xyi zpicn ornl fr lka exzg ...dnky reci ik i"rxbd siqene .l`xyi mrl qpkdle xiibzdl dvexy in xiibl mipken `ly 'd lelig ly iniptd yega .jizeczi zknz dlebae ux`a mipexg`d ilecbe miciqg l`xyi ilecba .ux`a ldpznd xeiba zknz mkezn ,zn`d zecewpa zrbp ,jzyecw

.crl zcner jzwcve jzriiqn zea` zekfy jl aehe jixy`

dkxaa ixexc diptv axd

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g"qyzd dxez xzka xzkend oeiq i"g ,c"qa

dkxa ixac
eppek xy` `picc `wqt i`d epi`x d`x mexcd ipax ,dhnl inizgc op` `ztixg `ltlt dxez ixcga iwa wxak xidn wdaend axd epicici w"ci rcep xak ik ,di`x v"` zenqxetnle `"hily mlqn` miig iax oe`bd z"ywk ,cere "miig zgpn" z"ey mircepd eixtqa ,dkld ly mipiievnd mixrya eny cidqnw o`n efg ,dpy ynge mixyrk iptl xecd ilecb eilr mdici eknq xake `qk zaiyi y`x ,ux` ieevw lka rcepd izin`d oe`bd x"den hxtae dilr ik cinlzd edfe axd edf .eixac lka on`pd `"hily fef`n xi`n iax mingx milecbd cg`k dxez ly dznglna zzle z`yl dxeab mr rexf el ,recik micxtqd x"enn aeyg hwl ,ycgd on epl `iad e`x dzre ,ux`a xy` dryd jxev itl ycgdn dilicn siqede mixbe xeib ipiipra ,exar zexecn zcxei dpi` xy` ,epinia zexibd ziiral dprne oexzt zrvd zzle ,xecde dzin`l mipipt dlce mixic` mina llv l"pd epcicie ,ixeaivd meid xcqn cere dcedik okle ,`pl ekenq oic on lke enir oekiz epici s`e .dxez ly xagnd axd wicv oevx zeyrle ,dkixv dryd jkl ik ,dnkqda epilr `xwl ayen ax opn cg xagnd b"dxdl ,dkxal `l` dkxvp `le ,ep`a dad`y z` ewfgl ,l`xyi zqpka opaxc `gely zrke ,onzl wtpc xaryl "zxyxy" enr 'de `zkldc `ail` `zzrny iweq`l dveg eizepiirn evetiy eccerle ,l`xyi mr zpwze llkd zlrezl ezpeek lky dieba ol miw ik .ezenk dkldy .elige egk xyii :dkxaa minzegd c"k

xeibd dyrnn wlgk zeevn zlaw *


inl mixne`y dne xeibd xcq z` zhxtnd `ziixad z`aen (fn-en zenai) `ibeqd seqa .xiibzdl `ay miaxn oi` ,oypre oxky ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn el miriceny xn`p mixacd jeza .laehe eze` oiln laiw m`e ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr (s"ixd itca .f"h) sqei iwenpde `"ahixd mle`e akrn df xcqy heyt d`xp did dxe`kl

xiibzny xb yiy epcnl my (.gq) zay zkqna `xnbd on mzii`xe akrn df oi`y miazek .zeevnd lr el ericed `ly zehyta rnyne miiebd oia ixack dkldy x`azn my ('b oeiv :ck) lirl zkqna xen`d z` mb sxvl ozip mdixacl zhiy `qib jci`n .dfa `veike dyi` meyl xiibzdl epeekzdy t"r` mixb mleky xne`d jixv xeiby `xnba exn` xy`ky zx`ean epziibeqa (`l in d"ca :d"n zenai) 'qezd xen`d xcqd mdixacly wiqdl yi o`kne ,dliahl `le zeevnd zlawl epeekzd dyely .zeevn zlawl xywa `weec ,htyn `xwp xeib dyrny exn` oky ,akrn `ziixaa .dliahl xywa zexkfpd zehiya zeielz df oipra zehiydy d`xp dpi` zeevnd zlawy xnel leki ,dyely cnrna zeidl dkixv dliahdy xaeqy in dliahdy xaeqy in la` ,llk zakrn dpi` s` ile`e dyly ly cnrna zeidl dkixv cnrna zeidl dkixvy `id zeevnd zlawy yxtl aiig dyly cnrna zeidl dkixv dpi` `id ,`ziixaa hxetnk ,zeevnd lr drced zegtly xnel jixv `linne ,dyly ly .xeibd dyrn ly ixwir wlgl zaygpe zakrny .epiptly zeklda miwqetd oia milcadd itl zx`ean ef zwelgn dklda z`f znerle ,dyly ipta leahl jixvy azek ('f-'e b"i d`ia ixeqi`) m"anxd mikixvy xikfn epi` my (e-` c"i d`ia ixeqi`) zeevnd lr drceda jxevd lr azk day .dliahd lr xacne xfegyk `l` dyly zeidl dkixvy `id zeevnd lr drceddy yibcn ('b-'a g"qx c"ei) r"eya z`f znerl dxyk dliahd eli`e ,xeibd dyrnl swez oi` mdicrlae oecl mixyky miyp` dyly ipta m"anxde s"ixd zhiy z` xikfn `ed s` z`f mr .eiab lr dyly eid `lyk mb carica .dpey`xd ezrcn dpey xy` wlgny daaxn lebcd mya ('b w"q my) daeyz igzta azeky dn z` oiivl ie`x cer mipiic dyly eidiy citwdl jixv okle zeevn zlaw elv` oi`y ohw xbl lecb xb oia .llk zeevn zlaw ila xeib yiy rnyn ixd .eze` miliahnyk 'qna dkld xexiaa oiire ,ohw lv` xeibd dyrn zxaqda dielz ezhiyy oiivl jixv .mxa zeevnd zlaw zniiwzn ji`e m`d xaca zwelgn yiy x`azp my ('a oeiv ,`"i) zeaezk .ohwa xy` (ohw d"ca :g"q) oixcdpq zkqna zetqezd zhiy z` xikfdl aeyg jkl xywa mikqdy gken ixd dgen epi`y oeeiky lecb dyrpyk ziyrp ely zeevn zlawy mixiaqn .zeevnd lawl

epi` wxyk elit` ,zeevnd zlaw zniiwzn 'qezd itly epl ycgzn ok m` .ocbpk dgen

dkxaa oxhy dix` axd

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)(minec` dlrn dyn zkxa zaiyi y`x `"hily uiaepiax xfril` megp axd lecbd oe`bd znkqd jezn

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)(cl-bl,hi `xwie "dnkg jyn" extqa wqpieecn odk dgny xi`n iax oe`bd

dncwd

dl`yd zxcbd
zlert ixg`y dhep zrcd ,xiibzdl mi`adn daxdy meyn dligzn epinia xeibd zl`y .minkg ixacle dxezl on`pd icedi lkl ie`xke yxcpk zeevne dxez meiw lr ecitwi `l xeibd :dl`yd zl`ype ?carica swz dfk xeib m`d (` ?xiibznd zpeek lr cenrle zrbn mciy mewn cr xacd xxal mipiicd mikixv m`d (a dxez ixney weica eidi `l lreta ik d`xp xy`k oekp xzei e` ,dfd xexiad `la m`d (b ?mxiibl xzen zeevne ywane ,zeevndn wlg `l` miiwl oiekzn epi` lreta mle` "zeevn ler" lawny in m`d (c myl zeevn lawn zxcbd zgz llkp `ed m`d ,"izxeqn" mrd ita `xwpy dn zeidl ?zecdi zerpkzyde zeevnd lk zlaw `lae !mixiibznd z` drhn mvra dl`k ly mxeib m`d (d mpevxy mdita mixne`y t"r` ,carica s` zexbd dlg `l oniiwl mb ezpeeky oicd zia ?l`xyi enrl dxez ozpy 'da dpen` jezn xiibzdl ?lha xeibd ,dfk xb law oicd ziae dcina m`d (e dyib `id df xeng oipra dliwn dyib m`de ,dl`k mixeib ipta zlc lerpl ie`x m`d (f ?d`xedae dklda zerh dpid e` dpekp zrya ze`ex eipiry dn `l` oiicl oi`" gqepa zeaeyze ,mipir leblb ik xacd xexa e` zegt xy`k zeevne dxez xenyi m` zrcl "zeilke zeal ogea epi`" oiicd ike ,"xeibd dkeand xe`l xzei lirez `l xake .dpekp dyib dpi` ,xiibznd zpeek z` rcei `ed xzei m` ,[`"r a"v zenai] "xdd z` oicd aewi" ,dklde dxez xac lka enk ik .`yepa dlecbd zpn lr dihtn`de dihtniqd aehd oevxd lk elirei `l ,xeiba lwdl mewn oi` oicd cvn m`e .xeib "eli`k" ici lr aeyg jk lk oiprn `lelhi`e `keg zeyrle xeq`d z` xizdl !lelve xexa lewa exne`l jixv ,ie`xe xzen xacd rivn ip`y dn zlefa dpde ,xaca oiirle ,ef dkld ly dwnera oell ipz`iad ef dira ,ezedne xeibd `yepl mikiiyd mihxt dnka xac il`eyl aiydl xara izazk xak ,dzr

epiptly zexeca micxtqd inkgn hxtae mipe`bd epizeax ly mdize`xedn izvaw xak xarae zia oi` oaenk ixde ,aey dfa oiirle `xwnd lr xefgl ,`nxb onf oic dzr mle` .epipt iptle ,l`xyia dycg dpi` xeibd ziira zn`a mle` ,zeakxen dxe`kl zel`yd ,yecg ila yxcnd ly dkxck riv`y mixaca la` ,aeygl mireh yiy enk ux`l dilrd ilb mr dycgzp `le ,mikled ep` mxe`l xy` mipey`xd epizeax ixac zpade dceqin `ibeqd oeaila weqr` ,dxez ixdy ,dyrnl dkld mincewd zexeca mipaxd ilecb ly dwiqtd zxeqnn uaw` ok enk zenlyle .mz`xed xg` wtwtle xdxdl oi` mz`xed dhyte ewqt miax d`xed ilray mewna ie`xe oiprd eze`a lkd ik oecpa xara izazk xaky dn z` bivdln rpn` `l dk`lnd ziy`xa izavdy zel`yd lkl daeyz ozpz c"rtl dfne ,cg` zeidl ld`d z` xagl yexc l"fg exn` la` ,dyrnl ycg wqt o`k oi`e ,izrc elaw xne` ip` oi` oaenk .mixacd lke ,minlerl did `ly ycg xac mey o`k oi`y d`xi oiirnde ,[`"r c"n dheq] xky lawe miwqetd exikfd d"`lae .miwqetd ilecbe mipey`xd ixaca mceqi ,iz`ady zehiyde zexaqd la` ,[`"r a"lw sc a"a] "ze`ex eipiry dn `l` oiicl el oi`"y ,zexb oiprl hxtae llka oiirnd lre ,xec xecn milaewnd dwiqtd illk lr zqqaznd zipeir zicenl dyib o`k yi ,oicn lr miayeid d`xedd ixenle .zegcl e` lawl ,envr mr xyide epeira xyid ,xyid ,mipexg`e mipey`x miwqetd ixtqa oiirle zrcl daegde zekfd xwira la` ,drxkdd zekf ,dxez ly dkxc ef oi` ik ,`nrh `la `zlink mlawle mincew ixac wizrdle jnzqdl `le e`eai ,oipra mipexg`e mipey`x ixac zenelrz lk elbp `l mincewl ik d`xpy mewnae .wprd d`xi `ly dn wegxnl minrtl e`xie wprd iab lr qppk mipexg`d

'dl zeyrl zr
xne` ozp iax ,[ekw ,hiw mildz] "jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl zr" opz (`"r c"p sc) zekxaa zeyrl ick dxez ixac milhany minrt :i"yx yxtne ,'dl zeyrl zr meyn jzxez extd ,"edtcexe mely ywa" xn`py ,mewn ly epevx edf exag melyl le`yl oiekznd df s` ,'dl .a"rxa k"ke ,xeq` d`xpd xac zeyrle dxez xtdl xzen ,yixcn diyixl ditiqn ,yixcn ditiql diyixn `xw i`d ,`ax xn` (`"r b"q sca) mye diyixl ditiqn ,"jzxez extd" meyn ,`nrh i`n "'dl zeyrl zr" yixcn ditiql diyixn ."'dl zeyrl zr" meyn h"n ,"jzxez extd" ,yixcn ixac z`ada wtzq` ,l"f epizeax xn`nl zcgein zepyxta jxev yiy ayeg ippi`e li`ede my) q"yd lr edipa extqa l"vf miig sqei epax oe`bd laac `zelb yix l`xyi lk ly oax liaya dxez ixac jtid ,ycg xac "zeyrl zr" oncfi ,c"qa l"p :l"fe (`"r b"q sc zekxaa

liaya ezrcn ueg ihegy dyry ,aehl xekf edil`a epivn xy`k epiide " 'dl" edfe ,'d ceak ezrcn dyerd `ed mc`dy "zeyrl" edfe ,midl`d `ed 'd ik rcep dfay ,jxazi 'd ceak extd" xak dicic ef dyrn mcew d`xy meyn ,mrh dn ,zeyx dxezd ea dpzp `ly xac .miyxet eidi ,ezrcn dyry df xac ici lre ,f"r micaer eidy "jzxez oipr enk epiide " 'dl zeyrl zr" meyn ,mrh dn ,"jzxez extd" ,yixcn diyixl ditiqne i` t"ray mixacc ,ok zeyrl xeq` dxezd onc b"r` ,dpynd aezkl xizd yecwd epiaxc d`x ik ,mrh dn ,ok zeyrl dxq`y dxez ixac xtd dfa `vnpe ,azka mxne`l i`yx dz` dpynd aezkl exiziy ok xeara ie`xe ,dpynd mdn gkzyzy ,eixg`y zexeca zr ribiy xtdl dzrn micwd ,cizrl ribdl gxkeny df zr xeara okle ,jxazi eny ceak liaya ixac xtdl micwn `edy ,ith `zeax `ki` dyxcd efae ,dpynd zaizk xizdle dxez ixac mixac yxtl jxev oi`e ,c"kr ,ribd `l oiicr dzry t"r` ,cizrl ribnd zr xeara dxez .mdil`n miyxetnd

?" 'dl zeyrl zr" zxcbda qpkp xeib m`d


(a"lw 'iq) xecd x`t z"eya m"anxd epiax zexecd xe`n epl ozp xak ,jkl daeyz zkqna zyxetn dpynl cebpa dp`yil el xizde ,dilr orhpy inl dgty xexgy xizdyk ,miayd zpwz meyn ok dyry m"anxd wnipe ,dgtyd lr orhpd oica (a"r c"k sc) zenai rixkn ceqi ziedne dzid ef daeyz .a"yr ,"jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl zr mxne` lr epknqe" ehwp mixbd ipta zlcd lrpz `l xac ly eteqay icke ,xeiba lwdl mipexg`d ilecb zyiba .m"anxd ly ezpeekd xe`l dliwn dyiba miwqetd ilecb

. ,
(`"r f"n zenai zetqez)

mixbd ipta zlc lerpz `ly zpn lr


'iq) a`f oinipa z"ey extqa l"vf a`f oinipa iax oe`bd ?dfk lewyl mewn yi mpn`d "`lewl xb iabl opilf` ,mixbd ipta zlcd lrpz `ly zpn lre" :l"fe ef `xaq `iad ,(a"r ,oieel ipta zlc zlirpl eygy enky ,(`"r f"n sc) zenaia zetqezd ixac md dyrnle ,y"r (e"l 'iq) ikcxna dneca k"ke ,y"`xd zetqeza d"ke ,y"r ,mixb ipta zlc zlirpl inp eyg

qipkdlc ,o"xd mya ,l"eg ly c"a oi` d"c (h"d d"t) oixcdpq zekld dpyn sqka r"re a"yr d"c zetqeza (`"r e"l sc) oihiba oiire] .y"r ,gikyc `pennn sicr dpikyd itpk zgz mc` zeyrl el did `l n"n ,'eke `ziixe`c `idy ziriay xewrl el did `l ,'eke icin `ki` in c"a`xd azke .[y"r ,'eke dxez dzevy mitqk zhnyd jka lhiay ,ok zeyrl cnll dpwz xeqi` xizdl oic zial mewn yiy m"anxd azky dn lr (h"d a"t) mixnn zeklda zebyda ,`ed dxez xac df s` ,lnxkd xda edil` oebk ,dry jxev itl rxb m`y ,dry itl dxez z` zad`e" zevny ,(e"k 'iq) c"eig dyn zexb` z"eya oiire ,"jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl zr" .y"r ,el` mipiipr lka mdilr lwdle maxwl epze` zaiign "xbd ,miwqetd ilecb t"r ,sicrc `xizidc `geka zklle zelrzdl ep`iad dryd gxek epipnfa ,ezklydy ,xeiba xingdl `le .mik`lnk mipey`x itn agx gzt el yie exzid qqeany xaca oiyexibl mteqa e`iaiy ,miigxf` oi`eyipe zaexrz i`eypa mixkqd lk z` jka uextl xxeyd avnd itke ,zelleazde e"g l`xyia mixfnn zeaxzda ,epxeyi in mteqy ,miigxf` on `ly) xeiba xingnd lke ,ynn l`xyi zia mxk z` qexdle ,mgxi 'd l"ega epixrvl elaqiy in xac ly eteqa xy` ,zaexrz i`eyp ly lean mrd lr `iaie uextiy eteq ,(oicd zpigaa ynn edfe .mrd aex mdy "miizxeqn" mi`xwpd el` hxtae ,agxd xeavd md jkn .[a"r f"k sc migqt] oic epi` ,lwdl eteqe xingdl ezligzy oic lk

...
(a"r 'iq a`f oinipa z"ey)

daiq myl xiibzdl mi`ad mixb oiprl "dnkg jyn"d lra oe`bd zrc
jyn" extqa ,l"vf wqpieecn odk dgny xi`n iax "gny xe`" xtq lra oe`bd xac dke didi mkn gxf`k ,eze` epez `l mkvx`a xb jz` xebi ike" weqtd lr ,miyecw zyxt "dnkg xebi ike" xn`y dfe" :epeyl efe [cl-bl ,hi `xwie] "jenk el zad`e ,mkz` xbd xbd mkl ,cg` del`l cg` mr dweace zxyewn dne`de ux`a miig l`xyiy onfa ,"mkvx`a xb jz` ipiprn zxg` daiq meyl e` ,ldwa `eal dvex ile` ,xenb xb eppi` ik zeidl leki f`e ,'eke "ezixg` d`xzy cr ,edetecdz `le edewigxz `ly epiid ,"eze` epez `l" -f` ,mlerd `xaqd myy ,l"ega dyibdn dpey zeidl dkixv l`xyi ux`a dyibdy ok mb xexae] .y"r el` mixace .[a"ce ,xiibzdl mi`ck mpi`y mixb qipkdle uextl `lye ,xzei yeygl zpzep .dxewd iaera qpkdle wegcl ,ytp aiynl il eid

ezrc zxin`n rpndl mkg cinlz i`yx m`d


dkeana iy`x qipkdle ,meqxt `idy zenk dlwd izrcl zzl m`d izhalzp zeax xteq m"zg z"ey) daeyza l"vf xteq m"zgd epiax dxezd oe`b ly eixac mle` ,dlecbd 'd myl eznbn lk ik envra rceid :l"fe dyn yi`d xac dke ,ipevixnd (g"x 'iq g"e` miairlne ,mibirlne oinen ixwan yyg iptn xa rpen wxe ,dxic`dle dxez licbdl jxazi mixac dyr ,(`"r a"q) mixcp l"fg`e ,dyixtd lr df ypri ,ecia `id dxiar ,'d ik`lna mipad m` xtq zncwdae ,l"f miyecwd eixac lka a"yr ,'eke onyl mda xace olrt myl zg ipi` ip` d"ae" :l"fe azk c"ide l"vf lhkiih dnly xkyyi iax yecwd oe`bdl dgny izlcbzpe ,mler iwicve ilecb izyny d"a ip` ik ,iailay zn` ixac ianeta xnel mc` meyn zrc izrc lhan ip` oi`e ,ixerp inin d"a izcnl mbe ,miizin` oeilr iyecw xec inkg oia zei`xa dxez ly ozne `yn jxca inr gkeezi m` wx ,epipnfa iax e` lecb meyn dxez ,cre rceid 'de ,cegl zeiqxk zexaqn `l la` ,ewcvi m` eixac lr dce` f` l"fg ixacn ceak ornle ,wcvde zn`d ornl `l` ,xdizdle ze`bzdl liaya elld mixac izazk `l ik `le `xii `l ,dipt el oi` xy` yi`e ,dyecwd epvx` ceake epzne` ceak ornle ,jxazi eny ,milyexin ux`eey sqei iax oe`bdl "sqei ixac" xtq zncwda azk xy`k ,zn`d xneln zgi zn` `edy htynd ik ,"`ed miwl`l htynd ik ,yi` iptn exebz `l" aezkd yexita ,mxne`ln xebz `l ,miizin`e mipekp jixacy zrci m` -dpekde ,rixknd `ed `ed ,miwl`l yix iab (b"t yix zeixede ,a"t yix oixcdpq) inlyexi oiire ,c"kr ,rixknd `ed zn`d ik "`pngxc `ptle` xninln rpn` oeklc d`xi liaya ike" ,`iypd dcedi iaxl xn`y yiwl .l"pd oe`bd ly eixac el` ,y"r lka `"hily o"n`pd ,dxez ixcg lka iwad izin`d oe`bd iaxe ixen ly exe`l la` izkpege ,eicrlan zlefd ly mzlgp dtepgde xwyde ,eilbxl xp zn`d xy` ,jled ip` eikxc zxin`n zerpnid lke ,melk zn`d xg` oi`e ,da aizk zn` dxez ik ,eikxa oia ixerpn .dxeq` `idy daiq lkn ,zipxezde zizkldd zn`d cec aeya qxhpewa l"vf ilwq odkd cec iax ciqgd oe`bdl cec dpg zixw z"eya azke `l ef dkldy dlrnln xfbp m`e" ,oiyecwa i`pz oiprl ezaeyz seqa (c"r g"pw sc 'a 'iq) meyl zeyx ozip `l if` ipelt mc` ici lr ipelt onf cr da bdpzdl xe`l `vz `le dlbzz ribd ile`e .edztxv 'd zxn` f` exac `ea zr cr ,dwcv xe`l `ivedl ohw e` lecb mc` xcqe xe`l mxcq `vi `ly xtey zriwz oipra enk ,xac lka `ed jk ,'eke z`vl dpnf eze`e onf eze` cr xe`l `vz `ly dkld `idd lr xefb did jky ,eda` iax onf cr ,mpewz

jlnd cec onf cr zilbzpe dxxazp `ly zipenr `le ipenr `zkld oiprl enke .ipelt i"r xec l` okl ,ef dkld dlbzz eci lry xfb myd ile`y ea efg mc` lk ok lr .melyd eilr itn mixteq zqwa eci jeynie ewign d`ivei `l` ,ewiga eci oenhi l`e lyxzi l`e lvrzi ile` ik ,[`i ,cr mildz] "dlk jwig axwn jpinie ,jci aiyz dnl" aizke ,mixtq itne mixteq .a"yr ," 'eke ea xcbzdl mewn el egipd minyd on iyp` mlern xy` mixeabd dnd ,[c ,g ilyn] mc` ipa l` ilewe `xw` miyi` mkil`e `xaqe oeira dxez ly dzngln ingel ,dxezd zklnna dpey`x miayeid l`xyi ilecb ,myd `l" mytpa oiniiwne ,lk iptn ezgi `le mlbxl xp zn`de ,dipt mey `ll dxexa dtyae .yi` iptn jixac qipkz `l (a"r 'e sc) oixcdpqa `zi`e [fi ,` mixac] "yi` iptn exebz ,ilr ikxr jn z` ip` rcei ik s`e .el dkixv drydy xaca ,dxewd iaera qpkdl mdilr dn la` ,[a"r d"t n"a] ?onzl `gtp xa liirn o`n `y`c oixerae `xepc oiwewf ic xz`ae ,c aei`] "lkei in oilna xevre" ,ikxc df oi`e lke` `l ixac yeakle ,ipvl` gxkdde dyr` ikxca mipian mpi`e ,mkxv lk eyny `ly minxeb ici lr mxbpd lecbd myd lelg gkepl ,[a okle ,dlnyk oicd xxale ,dnelrz xe`l `ivedl ,dxez ly dznglna ewqr `le ,dkldd m` dzr mbe ,izreyi xev xfra izcevn dzlrdy dn rivdle izvignn z`vl izkxved oilz iz` ik" yea` `le dce` ,dkld xaca ikep` dbey ik izeaxe ixen ipegikeie ipecinri .[c ,hi my] "izbeyn ,[zea`l m"anxd yexit zncwda oiir] exn`y inn zn`d law l"f mxne` lr izknqe `ziixe`c `ihehte oiyia `ihht lke ,eze` oigipfn oi` dxez xac xne`y l`xyiay ohw elit`e minyd on el eliby in lky ,(l"wz oniq) miciqg xtqa azke ,(h"t seq zekxa inlyexi) oiah cbpl dpeaz oi`e dvr oi`e dnkg oi`"e ,oicd z` eilr ozil cizr ,edlbn epi`e dxeza yecig ceak miwleg oi` myd lelig yiy mewna ,(`"r b"q sc) oiaexira `zi`e [l ,`k ilyn] "myd myd lelgk edf ux`d inr ipiray azky ,[g"k 'iq b"g] xfrig`d oe`bdl izi`x oke ,axl inlyexi] xedhd z` `nhl xeq` jk ,`nhd z` xdhl xeq`y myke ,xiibzdl migipn mpi`yk .[d"tq zenexz `zlin `ni`c `erx idie ,oicn lr miayeid ,oice zc ircei iptl ixac rivn ip` okle l`wfgi `iapd mdilr geevy mze`n dlilg didp `ly [`"r g"l dvia] `yxcn iaa lawzzc zgcpd z`e ,mzyag `l zxayple ,mz`tx `l dlegd z`e ,mzwfg `l zelgpd z`" [c ,cl] ."jxtae ,mze` mzicx dwfgae ,mzywa `l zcae`d z`e ,mzeayd `l

10

xecde dryd jxev


yibcdl ep` mikixv ,zexbd oipra dkldd zxbqna migzt `evnl migxeh epgp`yk ,dpd `evnl zpn lr dkldd mia mixic` mina lelvl epze` zeaiignd zeizin`d zeaiqd z` .el` minia epipta zavipd dywd diral oexzt :mixacd ixwir z` o`k dpnpe dira efe ,miaxzn zixar ixaec mieb miler oial micedi oia zaexrzd i`eyp ,"zelleazdd" (` .epaxwa dry drye mei mei mirnhpd miler oeiln ivgl zrbepd zinei mei ipy zxivi ick cr ,zck zecdide mrk micedid oia dpgad zxivil `iaz meik ze`ivnd (a zedfd ly zipxezd dqitzl dpkq dedn df xac .icedil il`xyi oia dpgad e` ,minr .zcl me`ld oia zhlgend wegxd mb ,epa z` leni `ly a` ly byen miiw did `l zil`xyid dxaga meid cr (b dnxep zyxzyne zkled meid .eipa z` ln ,(mixetq mixwn hrnl) zevne dxezn oihelgl mze` z` mi`ex ik ,zecdie dlin `la il`xyi zeidl xyt`y ,el` miler zngn dycg lke .zicedid dxagd xzi lr mb (dlilg) rityie ,rityn dfe ,mdn micnele miln mpi`y .micedi zeidln cqnnd ici lr migcp mdy xg`n z`f diral ztxhvnd ,zitxbenc dira zxivi ick cr epkeza miebd eaxzi ,lcbz dirady lkk (c .dpicnd ly miaxrd diayez mre ,miaxrd eppky mr zillkd zitxbencd mixacd .y`x mixz zcl d`pyde ,dwigyd xabzz oicd iza cnrna ,xabi zepaxd qxd (d .recia jix`dl jxev oi`e mipaene mireci xeztp `l m`e ,zcl dyw ezernyne eznver `elna epgztl cner ,miigxf` oi`eyip weg (e .df okeqn wega mixg` z`f exzti ,oi`eyipde xeibd ziira z` zizkld jxca gexa milret mpi`y minxf ly myxcn zian ,zaaezqnd zlcd oepbqa wxq ixeib zexabzd (f ena wfgpe zexecl dikal mexbp epnvra epgp`y `vnpe ,epizeax i"r epl dxeqnd dkldd .zcd iaixgn minxfd z` epici mixb miyw"e ,icedid mrd begl mitxhvnd z` licbdl dxhne oevx mey epl oi`y i`cea miaiig ,zexecle dryl dtiwne zllek di`x jezn la` .(:r oiyeciw) l"fg xn`nk ,"l`xyil oi` ly avn jezn dxewd iaera qpkidle ,xacay "ldwd zpwz" z` ze`xl l`xyi ilecb .zxg` dxixa

11

oi`y mixaeq enry mipey`xd zwdle m"anxd ik epl xexa xacdy xg`ne ,l"pd lk xe`l zevnd zrced oi`y m"anxd ixack (a"i sirq g"qx oniq) oxn wqt oke ,zakrn zevnd zlaw rcei `l m` zevn zlaw envr lr lawi ji` ik ,zakrn zevnd zlaw oi`y `linne zakrn enke ,wxq ihetht md `ld ,`ed dn rcei epi`y xac lawn `edy xn`i m` mbe ,md dn .qxhpewd mipta daeyza xaca xak epkx`dy zipey`xd daiqd mvr `id `l` ,dliahe dlink zexbdn wlg dpi` zevnd zlawy `vnpe ,xiible wwcfdl c"al oi` ,zevnd miiwl oevx oi`yke ,xiibzdl `ad lka lthidl c"al yiy ,l"pke ezellka mrd zenlyn zeraepd ,lwyn zecak zeaeyg zeaiq epl yiy epipnfa ok` dlw zevnd lk eniiwi `ly mircei epgp`y 'it` mixb mze` z` lawl oicd izal yi okl s`y epcnle ,"zevn iwecwca oi`iwa oi`y ,mixb miyw" (:hw zenai) i"yx ixacke ,dxengak .mze` milawn ep` ote` lka ,mdiwecwce zevnd miiwl mileki mpi`y xexiaa mircei ep`y zxcbda miqpkp md ik ,mixexae mixcben sq i`pza eaiigziy ,xenb i`pza z`f lk mle` ,gqta ung ,xetk mei ,f"ra dxitk ,ixnbl zncewd zcd zaifr epiidc .zegtl "izxeqn" icedi .dnecke oilitz zgpd ,zaya yeciwe zexp zwlcd ,zexyk jpin`n ip` azkay dxez" el xn`y xbd z` laiwy ,(.`l zay) lld dyrna ep`vn xake epeiqpn rcie eznkg lr jnqe mc` ipa ly dibelekiqta oiad ik ,"jpin`n ipi` dt lraye .(:ck zenai 'qez 'r) ahenl edxifgi dxezay xe`ndy lecbd dxez xbd eilr laiw `l yexitay s`e ,zevn zlawl yg `ly lld zbdpdn epcnle dyexit devne devn lk ik) zaiign zecdidy itk zevn eilr laiw `ly i`ceae ,dt lray zlawy ,l"pd epixack .lld exiib ote` lkae ,(t"ray dxeza md dixcbe di`pz dxe`iae zeaiq epl yiy oeike ,xbd z` lawl daiqde mrhd `id `l` ,zexba zakrn dpi` zevnd xe`ndy zeewle zetvle ,lldk bedpl epl yi ,ep` epipnfak xbd z` lawl zerixkne zeaeyg .dxengak dlw zevna miwcwcnd micedi xac ly eteqa zeidl ,mdilr gxfi dxezay cg` xacn ueg dxez ixac lawl `ay miakek caer" (:l sc) zexekaa 'nbd dxn`y dne oeyla wcwcl yi ,"mixteq ixacn cg` wecwc 'it` xne` dcedi 'xa iqei 'x ,eze` oilawn oi` ,xb ied ,elaw m` carica la` ,dligzkl epiid eze` oilawn oi`y `l` exn` `ly l"fg ocic oecpae ,mipexg` cere (e"n 'iq) d"g xac aiyn z"eya o'ifeleen a"ivpd oekpl wiicy enke cere .dligzkl oilawnc da oecl yi ,df iqxhpewa izkx`dy enk caricae wgcd zryk iedc zrya dpzne xne`a ,`ed 'fpd 'nbd ixac yexitc (e"k 'iq b"g) xfrig` z"eya x`ia xaky f"re ,xiibzp `l eli`k xacd el xzen didie zexb eilr lawn `l cg` xac iably xeibd lawny ina la` ,oi`vgl zexb oi`e ,zexba i`pze xeiy oi`c meyn ,eze` oilawn oi`c opixn`

12

,zevnd zlaw oica oexqg df oi` ,zg` devn lr oea`izl xearl ezrcay wx zevnd lk eilr .(my zexekaa `"yxdn oeilba r"re) .y"r

"" , " ' , ,) '(, " ", " , ' " ., ",
('c g"t dax xacna)

* * *
miklede miaxzn icedid mra epizyeale epixrvl xy`k xeibd ziiraa meik mipc ep`yk epnvr z` rpkyl epleki dpy miyelyk iptl cr m` ,mixkpl zeicedi oia zaexrz i`eyp i`cea df ,eplv` l`xyi ux`a o`k la` ,zelleazdde dlebd ly zelegd zerxdn zg` idefy miig ux`a miyp` ly mitl` ze`n meike ,zeayd weg zeqga dlecbd dilrd d`a .dxwi `l ipan cg` xy`k ,dl`k miycg zebef mixvep mei icine ,zeaxern zegtynae eicgi micedi mr dyrnl md ,xevrn oi`e ,dceara ,`ava ,jepigd zecqena miybtp md .epi` ipyde icedi befd ifeg mkqd jexrl e` (oiqixtw i`eyp) l"ega ozgzdl e` oiyeciwe dteg `la zeigl mileki .oic jxer lv` xyt`l yexcl ixqend "wecivd" z` igkepd avna mi`ven zc i`pey mwlg xy` mitebd mdl dkldde zcdy miyp` ici lr miyrpd wxq ixeiba xikn u"bad ,"miigxf` oi`eyp weg" ?miyer epgp` dne ,dxfl o`k hxtae ,llka zelleazdd z` repnl `ed l`xyi mr ly dlrna oey`xd qxhpi`d zpigaa ,dl`k miaxern zebef ly mzexveeid repnl xyt` i` epixrvl ixd ,l`xyi ux`a

31

ocae`l rcen ote`a dnkqd `ed ,`yepa dnfei xqege diyr xqeg ?`hgi `le oad dyri dne .1 zereci zeax zegtyna zeicbxhde ,dl`k zebefay icedid cvd
1 " , , " " , , , , , , , , , , " , " . ", , ' , ' ", , ", ": " . ' )" "( ).(. " " )" ' ' "(: " " ' ", " ", ", , , , , . " " " )' "( . ". " , " ).( ).( " " )" ' ' ( " " ) ' ' ( ". " , . " " " . " ) ":( " . " , , , " . " )' ( " " " )' " "( )" ( " )" ' (, " ), ' (. " " ' ) (. " " )" ( , "" . ) (, , , , , . ", " , ". " ". " " " )" ' ' -( , ": , . , " , , " . " , , , . . , " ". " " )" (. " " )' ( , " , ", , , , " ", " " " " ". , ? . . " " , . " ' )" ' "( " , : " )' ( " )" ' ( ) ( " " " )" ' ( ". " )" ' ' ( ". , " , " " ". " , " , ' , . .


mipipre mipte` daxda epi`xe ep`vny ,`id epinia xeibd zl`ya iceqie sqep aeyg cv

14

ie`xd on didy t"r`c ,xeibd oiprn mixenga s`e el` oirk mi`yepa miwqetd eazky wgcd zry ik ,ok dlgzkl s` opixen iiexe` wgcd zry `ede li`ed n"n ,zxg` dligzkl enke ,caricn sicr wgcd zry daxc`e ,dligzkl mb dyrn zeyrl xzene ,inc carick .epixaca oiirnd d`xiy ilecb miaiig xy` ,dyw ic avn ipta meid ep`iad ine`l-ipicnd avnd ik wtq mey oi` xexa ,oexzt el `evnle mytp z` okynl ,dpn`pd zecdid xnyn lr micnerd l`xyi lawn m`e ezpeek wner z` xxale ,xiibzdl `ad lk lr citwdl ie`xd on did dligzklny .dti dler mxec oi`y xecd ilecb eyri dn la` ,ie`xk zeevne dxez meiw envr lr mipaxd edegzt `ly dklda gzt geztle `eal ,zelecba jld ial ik oiirnd ipcygi l`e lcd ikp` `l ik ,el rci ziy`x ik ,miwif dxeid dldlznk `di `p l` `zehnae ,mincewd hxtae ,ynn df gexa eazky mipey`xd ilecb m` ik ,oeirxd dbed ,l`xyi itl`ay ohwde xexad ote`a azky (i"ad oxne axia i"xdn ly mxec oae l"f i"x`d ly eax) ,f"acxd epax c"g f"acxd z"ey) ,`aekirl `le xgaend on devnl m` ik dpi` zeevn zlawy ,yxetnde ,('k 'iq) zn` zexez z"eya oeyy `"xdn ,eixg`ly xeca xecd ilecb eazk oke (e"t 'iq elawzpe mdixacn `ln htyn oyeg wlg lky recie ,(a-a"v 'iq) eizeaeyza g"p`xdne xy` elld zeix`d len `l` cner `ed ilen `l okle .dxeabd itn exn`p eli`k mdixac `le iceakl `l ,cere z`f ,oeera ckli `ny mzb`y lewl cgtie crxie ,mil` exebi mz`yn `inyne ,ezlgpe enr ornle ,jxazi yecwde lecbd eny ornl m` ik iziyr `a` zia ceakl ik cala izekfa `l i`ceae ,ynn l`xyi ikxve ,llkd zpwz `edy ,dfd xaca il ekf `w miig md xy` `"glcai izeaxe ixen zekfae ,r"p miyecwd izea` zekfa wx ,jkl ie`x ipi` .mlbxl xp wxye lgk `ll dtexvd zn`dy ,dpcr qtcp) inr ipa extqa dipzp ly dax `"hily yely c"xbd ly eixac ikigl ewzn dne :l"fe azky (a"kx cenr b"lyz zpya ipa l`xyi ihay epig` zxfgda lwp ,mieb ly mitiefn mixeiba zelew ytgpy mewna okl m` s`y ,mzclenle mnrl maiydl ,laz zevx`a migcpde micea`d awrie wgvi mdxa` iceri `lnp dfae ,drnhpy dgtyn oicn md mixyk ,oevxa e` qpe`a mda dgtyn leqt rxi` .k"r ,minid zixg` lr e`ap xy` ep`iap ,mzavgn xevl aeyl mivtgd diebn micedi ipa iabl hlgda xnel lkep a"eiky xne` ip`e znerle ,mzlawae mxeiba lwp mdl ,l`xyi ux`a o`k `wec mdizea` zcl dxfge dqipka ,zecdia oipr mey mdl oi`e ,daiq meyl `id mzxhn lky mieb ly mxeiba xingp l"ega df clepy inae l`xyi ux`a o`k k"`yn ,`ln ote`a zcl eaeyie `eai meiy dax dewz oi` mbe .c`n mixexa milcadde ,efky zakxen ze`ivn jezl ,l"vf onxhpe` i"`xbd l`xyil iy`xd axd ziy`xd zepaxd `iyp azk oky iz`vne xingdy envr lr cirde ,letxail xira dilbp` zleba mqxetn ax did i"`l e`ea mcewy mdiig ieedn miwzpzn mpi` dl` mieby zngn od ,xiibzdl mi`ad miieb xiibl `ly my

15

micedi mixirve ,zecdid iiga dvxt uexti df xeiby zngn ode ,mdicicine mzgtynn ,mcewd hrn qxdl mexbi df xace ,mxiibl elkei lw yigy mrceia ,zeieb bef zepal mdl exgai miax ,mnvr minrh mze` zngn lwdl ccv l`xyi ux`a o`k z`f znerl ,my xzep cery zecdid jeza eaxrzi miipy e` cg` xec jeza lw yig ,exiibzi `l m`e ,o`k d"`la xak mdy oeik ,zeevne dxez ixney mpi`y elit`e ,micedi zxaga o`ky mrhn oke ,mixenb miiebk l`xyi mr dcedin hay extqa mix`ean eixace ,l`xyi mr mr xagzdle zedcfdl xzei mdilr lwii .g"gtce ,mrh ixac eixace ,a"yr ('` ze`) orevae zexb zeklda iying xry dixi'bl`a iy`x ax didy l"vf ixedp mingx 'x wicvd oe`bd mya eazky iz`vn oke xearl dywiay dicedi `l dy` xiib `l mlerny dfa d`b didy ztxva iy`x ax k"g`e uega wx dyer ip` z`f" :aiyd jkl e`iad dne jk lr d`b `ed recn l`ypyk .zecdil 90%-a zepiipern xiibzdl zeywane zeribnd zexegade icedi `l `ed aexd o`k ,ux`l meyn `le dicedi `l mr oi`eyipl zcbpzn ezgtyny ,icedi xega mr oi`eypa mixwndn ux`a ,ux`l uega wx bdp`e izbdp jk" :siqed cin j` "l`xyi zc z` me`zt dzlib `idy xbdy did xeaq micedi md ux`a aexdy xg`n ."xeiba lwdl lczy` ,zxg` bdp` l`xyi .zicedi `l dxie`a miig xy`k ux`l uega ok oi`y dn ,l`xyi mra ernhi zxeibd e` .c"kr ,ipricei ,mixaca dxrd `idy dfi` el d`xp m`y ,cneld axe mkg cinlz lkn ywan ip`e dzin`l eppi`y yecig e` ,oeirx lke ,dxez ly dzin`l oieekl `id izxhne iznbn lk ik m` xird `eai f`e ,qxhpewd ixaca oezna ahid oiiri `zehna wx .ea utg ippi` ,dxez ly .el d`xp zlitzk i`xeal dpigze dywaae ,enigxe eligca oedicinlze opax iptl df qxhpew yibn ip` zppwn ,(:gk zekxa) "ixag ia egnyie ,dkld xaca lyk` `ly oevx idi" ,dpwd oa `ipegp iax egxhi `ly jezn wlg ,mixacd xwirl enikqie elawi lkd `l dzry s` ik ,dyegzd ia `ly mewna wegcle `eal dfn oa dfn df `ed in aeygl maal m`lniy jezn wlg ,oiirl mixacde meid wgxi `l ,xac oi` la` ,d`pwe leflf jezn ile` wlg ,mincewd epizeax mexriy xaigyk ,oipwr oa` sqei 'x ecinlzl ezxb`a m"anxd epax ly adfd oeyla ynzy`e ,elaewi ,eizxagy zra il xexa dide ,izrci ip` ,(hrn belica) epeyl efe ,miax eilr exrxre ,extq ,epeinc itl cqgznd icile ,dyrpy dn jxr rcei epi`yle ,`pwnd aald rx icil ribi `edy ,dpeazd iaehe xyeid ilra ,`xew 'd xy` micixyd icil mb wtq ila `eaie ,aexd md dl`e df oi` ,el ie`xk edelawi `ly in lr jl izx`izy dn lke ,epiyry dn jxr erci dl`e xzeine ,adfd oeyl o`k cr ,ecal l`xyi ipa lk ea ewtzqi ,mi`ad zexeca la` ,ixeca `l` zaygn lkk aexe ,ipiqnk eixac elawzp eixg`l e`ay zexecae ,m`elna eniiwzp eixacy xnel weqrl ,dpyr`e i`xea itlke invr itlk izaeg z`f ip` okle .eizepeirx lr zpryp zecdid .lcgi lcgde xgai xgead .il d`xpd z` xnele ,dxeza


izty `ed ik ,gha` izreyi l` dpd ,dpern okey l`l ,dlitza it gzt` ixac meiqa

16

xace `zlin ,glenn xedh zxehwk ,ei`xi oevxke epevxk ,oeyl dprn dl`y` ez`ne ,gzti ,miwqetd zrc zezin` lr cenrl zn` jxca ipgpi `ede ,gayl mrh ozep ,gken dkld yy ial didie e"g dkld xaca lyk` `le ,gnvz dreyi mditn xy` ,mipexg`e mipey`x ,dxe`l dnelrz `ivedl ,ilag minirpae ,ilig daxi `ede ,il xefri jxazi `ede ,gnye eglqie ,dxe`k dkiygk xi`n meik dlile ,dxe` dnlyk dher ceakl ,dxez ly dznglna egipdy mewna ,xcb uxetk did` `le ,y'x` jxc zxeyn izihp m` ,ux` icqen mipaxd `p minyae ,icra obn `ede ,ilig licbdle zeaxdl ,il ekfw `inyn ik ,xcbzdl ea minyn il rwex jln ceakl ,miny ceak zeaxdl m` ik ,iceakle ia` zia ceakl iziyr `l ik ,icdq ,oeia`e lc livnd ,oeiag okey zrcl oeekl ,dlz lr dkldd lbc cinrdl ,mind lr ux`d oilz izi` iziby m`e ,mlek ei`xi oevxke epevxk ,mlerl dxez `vz ,oeivne milyexin ik .`ziixe`c ihethtn cal oiyia `ihetht lke ,`iln ipd xninl izaeg ik ,izbeyn ei`xew lkl 'd aexw" weqtd epa miiwl ,zn`d l` lkd eaeyie ,ixc xeyki`e dide ozi in .on` ,"zn`a ede`xwi xy` lkl w"dir milyexi mlqn` miig

. , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , " , , " " ) , (. , , , , , , ,, , ", , , " ' " ) , (. , , , , , , " ' ' ', ' .( ', ' " ) , -
(eh,hk edil` iac `pz)

17

dgizt ixac

oz`pe`n zyxcpd zexidfde ,mixbd ibeq lk zad` zevn zeaiyga


zyxta dxen`d "jenk jrxl zad`e" zevn `id ,dxeza xzeia zeaeygd zeevnd zg` "jenk jrxl zad`e" `aiwr x"` ,`ipz (c"d h"t) mixcp inlyexiae ,(gi ,hi `xwie) miyecw lld iptl `ay xbd eze`a (`"r `"l sc) zaya `zi`c dn oirke ,dxeza lecb llk edf ef ,ciarz `l jxagl ipq jlrc el xn`e ,zg` lbx lr cner `edyk dxezd lk epcnliy !xenb lif ,`ed `yexit jci`e ,dxezd lk `id (h ,i mixac) awr zyxta dxen`d xbd zad` zevn `ide dnec zxg` devn epl yi ad`iy dxezd zevn" :l"fe miyecw zyxta dxezd lr o"anxd 'ita oiire ,"xbd z` mzad`e" jrx z` zad`e xn` `ly xeara okzie ,aehd lka eytp z` ad`i xy`k oipr lka exag eyext didiy ,xbc (cl weqt) "jenk el zad`e" oke ,"jrxl" zlna mze` deyde ,jenk ,miyecw zyxta mbe awr zyxta mb dxkfp xbd zad`e ,y"r ezrca mdipy zad` zeeydl xeabd lecbd l`d mipc`d ipec`e midl`d idl`" `xwp d"awd ,(gi-fi ,i) awr zyxta mye el zzl xb ade`e dpnl`e mezi htyn dyer ,cgey gwi `le mipt `yi `l xy` ,`xepde cg` lk aed`l mc` lk lr devn :azk (b"d e"t) zerc zeklda m"anxde ,"dlnye mgl qpkpe `ay xbd zad` ,(c"da) azk aeye ,"jenk jrxl zad`e" xn`py etebk l`xyin cg`e xb `edy iptn zg`e ,mirx llka `edy iptn zg` ,dyr zeevn izy ,dpikyd itpk zgz zad`e" ,eny zad` lr devy enk xbd zad` lr dev ,"xbd z` mzad`e" dxn` dxezde zlefd zad` zevna df znerle ,"xb ade`e" xn`py mixb ade` envr d"awd ,"jidl` 'd z` "jenk jrxl zad`e" xn`p my ik ,eny zad` lr devy enk ezad` lr devy azk `l z` zad`e" myd zad`a xen`d oeyld oirk "xbd z` mzad`e" xn`p xbd zad`a eli`e lr ztqep dyr zevn da yi xbd zad` zevny ixd t"kre ,oeyl rahn eze`a ,"jiwel` 'd .zlefd zad`n xzei daeyg `id k"`e ,rixd zad` zevn ik ,dpikyd itpk zgz qpkpe `ay xbd zad` azky m"anxd oeyln wiicl oaenk yi zevn yi ik s` cere z`f ,zexbd i`pz lkk dpikyd itpk zgz qpkpe xiibzpy ina xaecnd ,iceqie izedn lcadde ,exiibl zpn lr iebd zad` e` ,xeibd zad` zevn oi` la` ,xbd zad` .oldl x`eaiy enk ,(g"i dyxt) mihtyn zyxta `zlikna `zi`e ,mixbd oipra zenewn dnka dxidfd dxezd ytp z` mzrci mz`e" ,"xbd z` mzad`e" ,"dpez `l xbe" mdilr xidfn `edy mixbd oiaiag d`xe ,zenewn e"n mpid (a"r h"p sc) `rivna 'nbd ixac itl ,elld "daxd zenewn"de ,"xbd .zenewnd lk z` dpene jledd miyecw zyxta m"ialnd yexita


lr egtqpe mdilr xbd delpe" weqtdn zyxec (a"r f"n sc) zenaia 'nbd k"tr`e

18

mipey`xd mdiyrn mifge`y i"yx yxtne ,zgtqk l`xyil mixb miywy ,"awri zia d`ia ixeqi` zeklda m"anxde ,xzide xeqi`a mdilr mikneq e` mdn l`xyi micnele azk ,xac liaya xiibzpy rcepye eixg` ewca `ly xb ipic x`iay xg` (h"id c"it) xac liaya mixfeg maexy ,zrxv rbpk l`xyil mixb miyw minkg exn` df iptne ina mb cgny ixd ,y"r exiibzpy xg` mdn yextl xacd dywe ,l`xyi z` mirhne minkg n"ne ,l"pk eade`l devne ,mieb llkn `vi lahe li`ed daiq meyl xiibzpy xg` mdn yextl xacd dywe" qxhpi` myl wx mixiibzn maex seq lk seqy erciy gka oi` ik s` ,l"pd dtixgd dxn`d z` mdilr exn` okl ,m"anxd oeylk "exiibzpy 'qezde ,xbd z` aed`l daegd z` `le zexb ipica dkldd z` zepyl `l ef dxn` oi`e mixbd lr l`xyi exdfed xzeiay itl ,mrh cer etiqed miyw d"c zenaia my .oz`pe`n xdfdl mileki l`xyi z` d"awd dlbd `l ,`"x xn` ,(a"r f"t sc) migqt 'nba epivn efn dxzie ixd " 'ebe ux`a il dizrxfe" xn`py ,mixb mdilr etqeeziy ick `l` zene`d oial oia epixefta abyp oeirx yi n"n ,zgtqk l`xyil mixb miyw cgn exn`y mbdy miyw d"c (a"r 'r sc) oiyeciwa 'qezd ixaca ahid oiire ,mixb etqeeziy ick ,zene`d .y"r mixb yxcnd xne` ,(` ,fl ziy`xa) "orpk ux`a eia` ixebn ux`a awri ayie" weqtd lre eyr xy` ytpd z`e" xn`py ,mixeib xiib mdxa` " 'ebe awri ayie" xg` xac ('c c"t) dax z` lawn `edy in lky jcnll ,exiib xn` `le "eyr" xn` dnle ,(d ,ai ziy`xa) "oxga ixeibn "eia` ixebn" i`n ,eprny okide ,eprny `l wgvia ,mixeib xiib awri ,e`xa eli`k ,xbd .y"r eia` oixcdpqa `zi` ,"oxga eyr xy` ytpd z`e" mdxa`a xn`pd l"pd weqtd lr dpde eli`k aezkd eilr dlrn ,dxez exiag oa z` cnlnd lk ,yiwl yix xn` ,(a"r h"v) oqipkdy ,"oxga eyr xy`" (d ,ai) ziy`xaa i"yxte ."eyr xy` ytpd z`e" xn`py ,e`yr yxcna oiire ,miypd z` zxiibn dxye ,miyp`d z` xiibn mdxa` ,dpikyd itpk zgz t"r`e ,y"r e`xa eli`k ,exiibne miakek caerd z` axwny in lky my ziy`xaa dax qpkpe ,f"r e` zncewd zcd afery in lk ik o`kn gken n"n ,dxez dpzp `l oiicry ,dxez dpzipy xg`e ,melyd eilr epia` mdxa` zpen`e zc t"r jxazi ezedl`a dpen`l ,a"eqi` zekldn b"i wxt yixa m"anxd y"nk oaxw z`ada w"ndia onfae ,dliahe dlina azk ,xbl oiriceny mixacd `iadyk (c"ita my) m"anxd mb okle ,"xiibzn" `xwp ,dpen`de zcd ixwir md el`y cibnd axd azke ,f"r xeqi`e myd cegia enr oikix`ny da xefgl dlcyl dzvxyk zexl dxn` inrpy ,`zi` (a"r f"n sc) zenai zkqnae ,"idl` jidl`e" zex dl dzpr ,miakek zcear ol xiq` ,zecdid iyew dl ze`xdle oixcdpqa `zi`ck ,f"ra dxeq` k"b dzid dieb dzidyk mb ixdy ,zeywdl yi dxe`kle

19

,uxiz my zenaia ozi` dtvnae ,f"r mdipiae gp ipa eehvp zeevn ray (a"r e"p sc) i"yxtn gkenck ,gp ipal xq`p epi`c f"r zaexwzn mb zepdl dzrn xeq`y dl dtiqedy oeyl weic edfc ,cer ayiil xyt` mle` ,eziaa f"r meiw oiiprl e` ,(b"r sc) migqt ,m"ekr xeqi`e myd cegi `edy zcd ixwir eze` oiricene ,(`"d c"ita my) m"anxd dligznc ,miakek zcear 'ldn `"ta m"anxda oiir ,oiprd zpadle ,dfd xaca oikix`ne ,ynn f"r ecar seqale ,zerh jezn d"awd mr seziya f"r cearl eligzd yep` xec edfe ,d"awda dpen`d xwir lr eehvp `l mle` ,xeq` seziya mby gp ipa eehvp f"re ,zcgein devn dzrn el yiy ,myd cegie f"r xeqi`a el jix`dl mikixv xeibd zryay el jix`dle el xiaqdl oikixv dfe ,dizexev lkl f"r xeqi` caln ,myda dpen`d `idy mlwyn caeke zeevnd xzie ,dpen`de zcd ixwir md el` ,cibnd axd azky itk ik .xenb lif ,`ed dyexit jci` ,ux` iepr lk 'd z` eywa" aizk ,xfrl` x"` ,`zi` ('c g"t) xacna dax yxcnae ,cg`k elrte ehtyn dyer `edy ,"elrt ehtyn xy`" edn ,('a diptv) "elrt ehtyn xy` dry dze`a ,aeh xky el mlyl le`y on miperab ly ohtyn raez d"awd `ven z` z` wigxz m` ,d"awd el xn` ,ok enrl d"awd dyr elld mixbd liaya 'eke cec xn` ryedi) miperabd exn`y dryay ,jax ryedin cnle `v ,miaexwd z` wgxl jteq miwegxd elld mixb liaya ike ,ryedi xn` dry dze`a ,"epxfre epl driyede dxdn epl` dlr" ('i z` wgxl jteq ,miwegxd z` wigxz m` !ryedi :d"awd l"` ,xeaivd lr migixhn ep` jlnd `xwie" (`"k a-l`eny) cin !?mixbd on `l ,jrhn `ed okidn cnle `v ,miaexwd zece` yxcnd ixac lk d`x ,"dnd l`xyi ipan `l miperabde ,mdil` xn`ie miperabl mil`ey eide ,my cere ,miperabd enk zwtwetn mzxhne mxeiby mze`l mbe ,mixbl qgid el` ly mdizea` ,mdl mixne` l`xyi eide ,oicd zcn zipzypy el` e`hg dn mdilr inia exiibzpy mixbd el` mdl exn` ,oaih dn ike mdl exn` ,mixexb mixba mdici ehyt mikln ipa dn ,ok enrl d"awd dyr elld mixexbd mixbd liaya ike mdl exn` ,ryedi d"awd raz ji` e`x miny myl exiibzp `ly el` dn ,dnke dnk zg` lr zeheicda ,ok `ed d"awdy ricedl ,dnl `niz ike ,dnke dnk zg` lr miny myl xiibznd ,onc z` on miwegxl mely micwny `l` cer `le ,miaexwk miwegxl jnqe miwegxd z` axwn miwegxd z` d"awd axw dnk epcnl `d" ,zepeaxck mixaca my yxcnd miiqne ,miaexwd "ux` ikln lk 'd jecei" ied ,wcvd ixb lr xnel jixv oi`e ,y"yl `ly exiibzpy elit` .yxcnd l"kr mixb mb .a ,miaexw wgxl eteq miwegx wgxny in .` ,zeceqi dnk yxcndn micnle dxeva l`xyi eyprpe ,xbd zad` lr ieeivd llka mde ,mpealr z` raez d"awd mixexb d"awd ly ekxca zkll mikixvy .b ,mixexb mixb eid lkd jqay elit` ,mda erbtyk dxeng .yxcnd yibcnck miny myl exiibzp `ly elit` ,miwegx axwl


mixb miywc l"pd ealg 'x ixacl micbepn mvra yxcnd ixac ik xnel migxkene

20

ik rexi rx" weqtn yxcc (a"r h"w sc zenai) wgvi 'x ixacl oke ,zgtqk l`xyil ixdy wgvi 'x ixac lr ecnr 'qezd xake ,mixb ilawnl `az drx xg` drx ,"xf axr dklde xiibzdl d`ay rpnzl elaw `ly zea`d eyprpy (a"r h"v) oixcdpqa epivn oi`iyny `kid evxize ,l`xyil edpixrvc wlnr dpin wtpe eyr oa ftil`l yblt dzide mlawl epl yi ,xiibzdl oivn`zn md m` la` ,cin oze` oilawn oi` ,xiibzdl oze` un`zny ina zkiiy dpi` ,wgvi 'x ly dtixgd dxin`d mb ,'qezdly ixd ,y"r `l devn iiedyc 'nbd ixacl m`zda ,daxc`e ,jkl eze` mitgec `l ep`e xiibzdl z` zepnl riwxd xdfa u"ayxd azky enke xiibzdl devn efy mipian ep` ,opidyn .dyr zevnk zexbd

: ) ( " " - ". " " - ) (: " ", " " - . ) (: " ", : " " - . " " - . " " - " .
(a ,` dax `xwie)

) (: " ' ' ", ) (: " " " , . " ", ) (: " ", ) ( " " - " . ? " ) (: " ", )- (: " " . , ) (: " ", ? : " ) (: " ", ?! ". , , : " , - : " " - , " " ) (: " ". , " " , , " ". " , " ' " '.
)(c ,hi dax zeny

mipiiprd okez

mipey`xd lk zehiya siwne iceqi xexia

/ zeevnd zlaw

` wxt a wxt

.zexba zakrn zeevnd zlaw m` r"yehde m"anxd zrcae itk zexba zeevn zlaw zxcbd

/ zeevn zlaw xcb edn

,xba zeevn zlawa alay mixac oiprae ,mipey`xde 'nbdn dlerd zexbd m`de ,xiibzdl mipiipernl micenild zeki`e okez oiprae .mixiibnd oevxa mb e` xiibznd oevxa wx dielz dyrnl miwqetd ilecb ly mdiwqt

/ oi`eyp myl zexb

b wxt c wxt d wxt e wxt f wxt g wxt h wxt

.xba zeevn zlaw oiprl dpin `wtpde ,mi`eyp myl zexb oipra mipian epgp`e izxeqn zeidl xiibznd oiipra

/ iwlg zeevn meiw

.iwlg didi ely zeevnd meiwy d`xpy ,xeib oiprl dieb dy`n icedi i`v`v oic

/ l`xyi rxf

.ea zakrn zeevn zlaw oi` `nlr ilekly dligzkl xzen wgcd zryay

/ inc carick wgcd zry


.carica wx xzen onf x`yay dn

.zexbd oiprl eixcbe ecnrn ,oicd zia .zeevn meiw i` oiba zexb lhal xyt` m`d zeizednd zecewpd rax` mekiq zegztne dpynd miwqetd zexzeke lkk aex zeiy`xd

/ c"ia

/ zexb leha

/ zegztne mekiq ixac


zhiyl zenkqend z` xeib oiiprl millekd mihxetn

zexzekd

.xtqd lkay cvd zexzeke

)( * .
)(mzqa g"qx 'iq c"ei i"aa oxn z`f wizrde `"r f"n zenaia i"wenpde `"ahixd

* : , , .


`ean

. ' )" "( . , , , . ' ) " "( , " . ' . , ' , , . ' " ", ' , ' , ' , , , .

, : ", , ", ", , , ", ", ", ", , ' ", , , ", ", ", " , " " " ' " ", , , ' " ".

', ", , , , , " " ' " ', " " " .

' , , " " , " : . . . , ) )( ' "(. . ", . . , , " " ) ( " . " , " , " , , , ' " , , , ", , ", " , , , " " - " , ". . " " , " . ' ' ,

-
' . , . , " " " . , , , " . ," " ' " , ' " ' , " ' ' " " " .
zeevnd zlaw

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw m`d


cenlza oicd xewn
.'eke opidyn `l devn iiedy ,h"n .cin eze` oiln opgei x"` `iig x"` `de ,eiab lr micner g"z ipye lah .dyly ipz ,`pzl opgei x"` `d ,dyly jixv xb i`c ,`zkld i`nl .eixac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd dlre dia `pixw xnen l`xyi ,l`xyi za ycwne dia xcd .k"r .oiyeciw eiyeciwe
'nbd oeyl `"i zeaezka `"r

xiibzdl `ay xb :x"z ,(`"r f"n) zenaia `zi` i` ,xiibzdl dz`ay dzi`x dn ,el mixne` ,dfd onfa mitegq mitegce mieec dfd onfa l`xyiy rcei dz` ipi`e ip` rcei xne` m` ,mdilr oi`a oixeqie mitxehne zelw zeevn zvwn oiricene ,cin eze` oilawn ,i`ck oi`e eilr oiaxn oi`e ,'eke zexeng zeevn zvwne `txzp ,'eke cin eze` oiln ,law ,eilr oiwcwcn oiricene eiab lr micner g"z ipye ,cin eze` oiliahn lah ,zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn eze` miyp ,dy` .eixac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd ,dlre dl micner g"z ipye dx`ev cr mina dze` zeaiyen zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn dze` oiricene uegan el mixne` ,xiibzdl `ay xb ,xn xn` .'eke zexeng zevn zvwn eze` miricene ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x dn yextp yixt i`c ,h"n ,zexeng zevn zvwne zelw iax xn` .eilr miwcwcn oi`e ,eilr miaxn oi`e ,'eke `id zvn`zn ik `xze" aizkc ,d`xw i`n ,xfrl` ,laiw .'eke ,('` zex) "dil` xacl lcgze dz` zkll

'nbd oeyl a"r f"n zenaia

xb ,`ped ax xn` :`zi` (`"r `"i) zeaezkae sqei ax xn` .'eke oic zia zrc lr eze` oiliahn ohw ,sqei ax lr `axe iia` eywde .zegnl oileki elicbd .y"r ,mziiyew 'nbd dvxze

zaya 'nbd oeyl a"r f"q

,zaya exn` lecb llk :opz ,(a"r f"q) zayae zezaya daxd zek`ln dyre ,zay xwir gkeyd lk :df lr exn` 'nbae .zg` z`hg `l` aiig epi` ,daxd daypy wepiza oizipzn ,edieexz ixn`c l`enye ax `zi` cere .miebd oial xiibzpy xbe mixkpd oial algd lre ,zg` mcd lr ,wepiz eze` aiigc ,'nba .zg` f"r lre ,zg`

zexecd ilecbe mipey`x

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y el` 'nbn ewiicy


(a"i sirq g"qx 'iq) c"ei r"eyd oxn m`av lre ,('k .cere ,l"pd sqei iwenpd ixac mzqa wizrdy i"aae daxd yie ,`icdl ok azky in `l` o`k izxkfd `l ,`icdl ok eazk `ly wx mdixacn gken oky mipey`x ,o"xd ,i"yx ,s"ixd oebk ,ok mzrca ewiic mipexg`de sqei xa ozp epax ,meyxb epax ,c"ix 'qez ,iiga epax wiiecn oke ,cere (f"hw oie`l) b"nqd ,(a"r f"i) mixcp ,x`ez zti iab a"lwz devna jepig zgpnd ixacn oke .dyrnl ok ehwpy miax mipexg` mb seq`` onwle mdl `vi cvik l"pd zexecd ilecb ixaca oecp .zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y elld zexnbdn `"i) zeaezkae ,(a"r f"n) zenaia `"ahixd iwenpd ,my zeaezkae (`"r g"q) zaya ixi`nd ,(`"r ,'a uexiza my zaya o"anxd ,my zenaia sqei cibnd ,my zeaezkl w"nhya `aed dpyi dhiyd enk m"anxd m`av lre ,(f"id a"eqi`n b"it) dpyn ,wxtd lk my oiir (a"eqi`n b"ita) eixacn gkeny c"g) f"acxd z"eyae (g"qx 'iqa) g"ad enyn y"nke lr lf`d oa` extqa l"vf xvln f"`xbde (e"t 'iq diteb f"acxd zrc oke ,(k"d micar 'dn g"t) m"anxd g"p`xdn ,(`"r `"i) zeaezk zvaewn dhiyd ,my 'iq) eizeaeyza oeyy `"xdn ,(a - a"v 'iq) eizeaeyza
mipey`xd zeny el` 'nbn ewiicy zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn zexbd

.
(f"id a"eqi`n b"it cibnd axd)

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y mipey`xd zhiy xe`a


`"r `"i zeaezke a"r f"n zenaia `"ahixd zrc xe`a
mcew zeevnd edericed `d ,miiebd oial xiibzpy (`"r f"n) zenaia x`eanke zay mllkae xiibzpy x`ane ,zay xwirn rcei epi`y k"` okzi cvike
`"ahixd zrc o"anxde ixi`nd 'a yexta a"r g"q zayac `ly ixiin edericed llk zeevnd

zeevnd zrced oi`y `"ahixd zhiyy reci dpd (a"r f"n) zenaia exn`y dn lry ,zakrn ozlawe :l"fe `"ahixd azk ,zexenge zelw eze` miricene ,akrn epi` ,edericed `l m` ,`z`eeaxc `xaqe ,'it (a"r g"q) zaya mye .lecb llk 'ta rnyn ikde zgkyn ikid 'nba eywzde ,zay xwir gkeya ixiin i`ce `ed xy`a icedi lk ixde zay xwir gkyy dl zgkync l`enye ax mix`ane ,zay zeevnn rcei elit`c x`ean mye ,miebd oial xiibzpy xba dl lr mb z`hg `ian jkle ,rci `l dxf dcear xeqi` ixiin m` mbc `"ahixdl dywed df lre ,dxf dcear

`"ahixd oeyl a"r f"n zenaia

edericed `lyk ixiinc ,(my) zenaia `"ahixd zaya) ixi`nd k"ke ,zeevnd lk epiide ,zeevnd `le erhy ixiinc azk zayl o"anxd 'iga mb ,(my k"` zakrn zeevn zlaw m`c dywe .y"r edericed aiig `ed recne zeevnd edericed `lyk xb epi` `l zeevn zlawc l"qc i`ce `l` ,zayd lr z`hg l`xyi mrl qpkidl epevxy dna xb iede ,zakrn .1 zexbd xwir mdy zecdi myl dliahe dlin i"r

ixac xe`a l"pd `"ahixd

, ' )"( ",

.1


e`lc `kde ,akrl `le devnl `edd ,zexenge zelw xyt` dligzkl s` xnelk) akrn epi` drced xa .l"kr ,(exiibl

-
xbc `d lr `"r `"i sc zeaezka `"ahixd k"ke dywdy ,oic zia zrc lr eze` oiliahn ohw edericeiy opira `nlra xbc b"r`e :l"fe `"ahixd

`"ahixd oeyl oi`y zeaezka zeevn zlaw zexbd zakrn

`"r g"q zaya `"ahixd zrc xe`a


dnn dl wiic zenaia `"ahixdy cere ,zakrn y"nke zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`c o`k zaya exn`y `ly" y"nc l"v i`ce `l` ,"zaya rnyn ikde" ,zeevn x`y y"ke zay 'it` dpeekd ,"zay edericed zeevn `wece zexg` zeevn edericeiy xazqn `lc 'x oe`bdl iz`vn oke ,egkyi dxengde zixwird zay f"n) zenaia `"ahixl eizexrda l"vf o'dti oxd` g"q zayn cnl `"ahixdy azky ,231 dxrd (`"r llgnk `edc s` zakrn dpi` zay zeevn zrced m`c zakrn zeevn zrced oi`c cnlp dfn ,dxezd lk .k"r ,llk lawy :azk `"r g"q zaya `"ahixd mpn` `ly `l` ,mdipta xiibzpe dyly iptl eilr oia xce jlde ,akrn df oi`e ,zay zeevn edericed .l"kr ,zay zeevn mlerl rci `le miebd `l zay `wecy ezpeek yxtl yi dxe`kle `l m` zn`aye ,edericed zeevn x`y la` edericed lkl e` zeevnd zlawy xaeqe ,akrn melk edericed `l ,xwire llk drced `la la` ,zakrn mzvwn zegtd .xb ied envr z` xezqi `"ahixd k"`y ,epi` df mle` zeevn zlaw oi`y l"pd zeaezkae zenaia y"nl
df xe`a ziigc epeyl xe`a dxe`kl `"ahixd oeyl zaya

a"r c"k zenaia `"ahixd ixacn df lr dxrd


exnb ediiqpe` ab`c `ed dwfg ,mdilr elawe exiibzpc .l"kr ,zexb ded qpe`d zngnc b"r`e ,elawe
evexz lr diyew l"qc dnn zeevn zlawc zakrn `l

(a"r c"k) zenaia dpdc df lr xirdl yiy `l` ,xb ied i` zeyi` myl zexba opaxe dingp 'x ewlgp mlek" yexite ,mixb mlek caricay opaxk 'nbd dwqte ,zenelg ixb cg`e ,zeix` ixb cg`" epiid "mixb my eywde .mcew my exkfpy "xzq`e ikcxn ixb cg`e ,(`"ahixa ef `iyew d`aed oke ,dkld d"ca) 'qezd ikid k"` ,zeix` ixb mb epiidc mixb mleky dkld m`c mdy meyn mixb mpi`c c"n cgl mizek iab opixn` md zeix` ixby c"nk miwqet o`k `d ,"zeix` ixb" .mixb ,evxize :l"fe ,`"ahixd uxiz ef `iyew lre eid mdidl` z`e" mdilr xne` aezkdy mzd ip`yc `le ,mlern mly ala exiibzp `ly xnel ,"micaer oeeik `kd la` ,(mixb mpi` okle) mdilr elaw

,zeevn zlaw opirac opifg df oeyln dxe`kle .liren k"b qpe` zngn `edy `kid mby ycig wxe jxev dn ,zakrn `l zeevn zlawy l"pd itk dxe`kle .df yecigl

`"ahixd ziiyew zeix` ixbc `dn c"n` mixb eed eed `l mizekc mixb

diyewd uexz

`xwirn `iyewdy d`xi `ibeqa wcwcnd ok` mivex mpi` llkay miyp`a ixiin `"ahixdc ,`zil df lre ,exiibzp zeix`d cgtny `l` ,mixb zeidl zngn m`d llk xb zeidl dvex `ly ina oecipd dvex epi` m`y dpin` dedc ,`l e` xb ied qpe`d dfe] xb dyriy llka jiiy dn xiibzdl llka elaiw `le mly ala exiibzp `ly" `"ahixd azky zecdi mlern mdilr elaiw `ly epiid "mdilr

uexiz oeyl diyewl `"ahixd ef

, , ) " " (, " " ' " ('" " ' " , " " " )' " ' , " " )' " -( " . . )' '( ,

qpe`d zngn ikd elit`y `"ahixd ycige ,[mpevxa ,zeevn zlaw oecipl llk rbep df oi`e .xb ied ,zakrn dpi`y zenewn dnka `"ahixd wqt dfay ,mly ala micedie mixb zeidl mivex t"kr mzdc

l"q dfae ,lreta zeevn mdilr elaiw `ly wx .mixb mde zakrn dpi` dlawd caricay `"ahixl lztp `la ,cg` dpwa `"ahixd ixac lk elre .ywire

yxtn epi` m"anxdy o'dti `"xbd zgked ilawne ixnb ediiqpe` ab` zeyi` myl zexbac `"ahixdk
oicd ceqic m"anxdl l"qc i`ce `l` ,"ilawne ixnb iwenpde `"ahixdk epi` zexb iedc xac myl xiibzpa lk m"anxdlc `l` ,ediiqpe` ab`c l"pd sqei itlk m` s` ,zexb eilr lawny c"a iptl xne`y m` s`e ,mlern zeevn eilr laiw `ly `ilb `iny oicd xwirn n"n ,drxt zaa enk jkl zegked yi
m"anxd zrcl dna xb ied zexb lawny meyn e` ,mzqa zeidl lawny l`xyi llkn

ab`c

l"pd

`"ahixd

zxaq

xwira

mpn`

o'dti oxd` 'x oe`bdl iz`vn ,elawe exnb ediiqpe` zenai `"ahixl eizexrda oexag zaiyic n"x l"vf a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxdly ,azky (a"r c"k sc) zeevnd edericed `lay l"q ixdc ,dfa zxg` dhiy t"r`e ,xb df ixd ,xiibzp xac liayay rcepe dnly zy`e drxt zaa ozligz lr oteq gikedy xfg elit`e ,xb iede oceq dlbpy s` odizeyp eniiwc oiyeciw eiyecwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd f"r cearl dyrp ,lahy xg`nc ,ezcia` xifgdl devne ediiqpe` ab`c dwfg"c `xaql jxev oi`e ,l`xyik

m"anxd ixacn `xiaq `lc gken zxaqk dil ab`c `"ahixd 'eke ediiqpe`

mpi` alay mixac oicn ieedc xaqdd ile`e .xb ied lawc lkc ,m"anxd zrc xaqda d`xp xzeie ,mixac zrcl ,lahe lne 'b ipta l`xyi llka zeidl eilr a"yr ,carica xb ied zeevn zlaw ila s` m"anxd .`lte `ltd eixac qqane gikeny

`"r g"q zaya 'qezd ixacn gikedl yi zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y l"qc ,my `"ayxde o"anxde
epia xiibzpl eciip `l` ,ok egiked `ly dfne ,zay mey zrced `la mbc l"qc jgxk lr ,envr oial ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y ,carica xb ied devn `vnp .w'ece envr oial epia xiibzpn egiked okle ,zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y l"q zaya 'qezd mby zay edericed `ly `weicl e`l ,zay exikfdy dne oeikc cere ,`xazqn `lc ,zeevn x`y edericed la` `ly eyxit okl `wec zay iaeiga ixii` oiibeqc .zay edericed `"ayxde o"anxde 'qezdn gikedl yi dfa `veike ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y ,xb d"c (`"r g"q) zaya `le ,'b ipta mixkpd oia xiibzpy xb :l"fe eazky ,envr oial epia xiibzp i`c ,zay zevn edericed ,(a"r f"n zenai) ulegda opixn`ck ,xb ied `l k"l`c ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`c l"qc gkenc .l"kr edl ied ,envr oial epia xiibzpn gikedl mdl dnl zeevn x`y s` edericed `lya ixiin i`c gikedl zevn `l` edericed `ly i`ce `l` ,xiibzp k"` dna
mpeyln dgked zlaw oi`c l"qc zakrn zeevn 'qezd oeyl y"`xde o"anxd g"q zaya

x`an `ztqezl eyexta ecx`t cec 'x oe`bd llk zeevnd edericed `lya ixiin l"pd zaya 'qezd itlc
zeheicd 'b my eid n"n la` ,l`xyi ly oic zia ,xb ied caricac zeevn zrced `la edexiibe edelawe ,"l`enye axl ireiql `cenlz iziin `zipzn jde ,zay edericed `ly 'qezd eazky b"r`c ixd ,l"kr cec iax oe`bdl miyxetn mixac iz`vn aeye ,(b"n f"t zay) `ztqezl cec icqg 'ita l"f ecx`t ,myexitl yexit" :l"fe azke 'qezd ixac `iady did `ly iwet`l `l` epi` ,m"ekrd oia ipzwc b"r`c
cec 'x oe`bd mb ok oiad ecx`t 'qezd zrca zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn zexbd


llk wxta cenlzd ziibeqn gken `"ayxde o"anxd mb ok gikedy enke ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y lecb .l"pd `"ahixd

-
edexiib `l` ,edericed zeevn x`y la` mzpeek oi` zeevnd x`y oia zay oia llk zeevnd zrced `la 'qezd zrcly `vei ,df yexitle .izazky enke

`"ayxd zrcy azk ,oiihypie `"xbdl oxd` ikxc xtqa zexbd zakrn dpi`y zeevnd zlaw `le dliahd `ed zexbd dyrn xwiry k"b
oiyperde zexnegd rciy jixvy akrn zeevnd b"i 'iq) zeaezk q"nr oxd` ikxc xtqa azk dn uxzn `"ayxd dpde :l"fe eixac jeza (b"w cenr c"a zrc lr ohw oiliahn ji`dc mipey`xd eywdy dfc `"ayxd azke ,zeevn ler eilr lawl jixv `d `"ayxdc rnyn ,akrn epi` la` devnl `l` epi` `le dliahe dlin `ed zexbd dyrn xwirc xaeq zaezk lr extqa) `ciexa m"xdnde ,zeevnd zlaw zlawc `nip lecb ieb `wec ,azk (ohw xbc `ibeqa
`"xbd zrcl oiihypie oi` `"ayxdl zeevn zlaw zexbd zakrn

rci `l m`e ,dvtg mytp mdivewyy oeik dxezay xy` lr hxgzie k"g` mgpi ,dxezd ler cakz dnk `l i`ce ,xeqi`d mrh mrh `ly ohw la` ,xiibzp enk ezencwl aeyl ezelcb onfa ezrc lr dlri l"kr dgniy giky `l ,`"ahixde `"ayxd azky ,ok azky `"ayxdl iz`vn `l x"etle ,oxd` ikxcd .r"ve

a"r f"n zenaia ixi`nd ixac xe`a


ixacn dlerd l"pd ixi`nd zrced oi`y dihxta zeevnd zexbd zakrn

myl leahie leniy lky `l` ,zakrn dihxta `xwpe zexb myl dliahd dze` dil `wlq ,zecdi ,eixac zligzn cer gken oke ,zeevnd laiwy dfa ,zeevn zvw ler ericedl jixvy x`al gzty dliahe dline zeevnd zlaw l"x el` mixace jiynde yxet epi`e drcedd lawny iny epiidc ,dyly jixv lkl dyly jixv okle zeevnd zlaw `xwp ,zexbdn in uxzl 'qezd y"n `iadyk mbe ,el` mixacn cg` ixdy 'b `la dliahd didz ji`e dzcpl dlah `l eilr laiwy lkc uxze ,miyp` `la zlaeh dcpd oke mdipipr edericedy xg` zeevn ler dyly ipta dawpae leahle lenl xkfa mdipta eilr laiwy ezpeek d`xpke cxtq ipe`b ly mzrcl epiid ,leahl d"ca `ibeqa exe`a seqa aey df lr xfge ,o"anxdl oiln zeevn ler eilr lawy oeeikne azky ,oeeikne oi`e drced yiy lkc eyexitk enzqc ,'eke cin eze` ,zeevn ler zlawk l"ed ,zexbdn dyixt dixg` `a .k"r

ericedl jixvy" (:f"n) zenaia ixi`nd oeyl dfe zlaw l"x el` mixace ,'eke odiypere zeevn zvw ler seqa aeye ,"dyly jixv dliahe dline zeevnd ,zeheicd dylya elit` 'bc ,miiqn `zrnyl exe`ia llk ,mlek zeevnd oiipr ericedl jixvy t"r`e oiiprl oignenk lkd ok m`e oze` oircei lkd zeevnd .l"kr ,df yxtzy oia ,oircei lkd zeevnd llk y"n dpd k"`e zeheicd mdy t"r`c zeheicdd lr xfeg dfy mircei mpi` mnvra md ixdy ,zeevnd ericei ji` lk lrc ixi`nd ayiin ,oypere oxky zeevnd ihxt mircei mlek l"x ,mircei mlek zeevnd zellk mipt ,xiibzdl `ay in lkl zeieaiigzde zeevn mpyiy xfeg dfy yxtzy oiae ,mdihxtl qpkil ilan 'it`e zecdil dqipky rcei cg` lky ,envra xiibznd lr lkle miccvd lkl .zeieaiigzde zeevn daxd zllek drcedd oi` ,ixi`nd zrcly ep` micnl ,zexni`d

ixi`nd oeyl f"n zenaia

ixac xe`a l"pd ixi`nd


a"r g"q zaya ixi`nd ixac xe`a

ixi`nd ly enrh

zrced oi`y wqet `edy jgxk lr ,df evexizle azky enk mrhde ,zexbd zakrn mzlawe zeevnd t"kry yexit ,mze` mircei lkd zeevnd llky ,o`k inl zeeevn iaeig yiy zellka rcei xiibzny in lk mzlawe mihxtd zrced oi`e ,icedi zeidl `ay rcei epi` ixdy drexb k"k ezexby 'it`e ,zakrn m` 'it`e ,ezrcl xb ied n"n ,dipice zay xwir mixexade miheytd eixace ,dyly `la zexbd dzid enk zenaia eixac xe`iay migiken zay zkqna (a"r `"i sc) zeaezka eixaca r"re ,lirl izazky .o`kl sxve

zeevnd zlaw oi`y ixi`nd zrcc izazk dpde eixaca ltltl oiicr mewn yi oiibeqa ik mbde ,zakrn itk ,oirxkene oigxken mixacd oi`y xnel dgecd cie g"q) zaya eixac mle` ,mipexg` daxd ezrca eccvy oirxkene mixexa miiebd oia xiibzpy xb ziibeqa (a"r xyt` j`id `din ,miiebd oia xiibzpy xb :l"fe azky dyly jixv `ed ixde ,mlern zay oiipr rci `ly x`azdy enk zexenge zelw zeevn eze` miricene `la xiibzp `ny e` ,'eke ohw xba xyt` ,zenaia `ed dligzkle ,miiebd oia xiibzpy xn`y enke dyly lr ,envr oial epia 'it` carica la` ,dyly jixvy .l"kr miwqetd ilecb my ewqty jxcd

ixi`nd ixaca g"q zaya mixacd xzei miyxetn

ixi`nd oeyl g"q zaya

xb ied carica envr oial epia xiibzpa mbc l"pd ixi`nd ixac xe`a
ici lr icedi zeidl envr lr lawne ,"icedi" zeidl epeyle .micr jixv mipt lk lr dfly ,dliahe dlin envr oial epia xiibzpyky e`xy micr yi m`" azky epia ied `l ,micr yi m`c ,jytp dnn dyw ,"xiibzp micrd onif `ly ,ezpeekc xnel jixve ,envr oial yi zexba ixdy ,epick eze` mixiibnd mzeidl elld ip`y jk lr micr eidz mdl xn` wx ,htyn oic cec ci xtqa d`xe . wegc `ede ,mkipta xiibzn ewqt miwqet dnky ,azky (my) zay (miidvpif) k"kye ,xb ied envr oial epia xiibzp elit` caricac .y"r ixi`nd
2

xiibzp elit` caricac ixi`nd miiqy dn mpn` ilecb ewqty jxcke xb ied dyely ila envr oial epia xiibzp ik ,mnledl dyw dxe`kl dfa eixac ,miwqetd ep`vn `l dxe`kl efk drc ,xb iedc envr oial epia eixac zpadc d`xp la` .mipey`xdn cg` meyl `icdl ilecb my ewqty jxcd lr ixi`nd miiqy dna `id ,azk (a"r e"n sc) zenail eiyeciga dpdc ,miwqetd ipia izxiibzp xn`e `ae ,xba epl wfgen `edy inc oial epia xiibzpyky e`xy micr yi m` ,invr oial d"ca my epeyl mr deyde ,y"r ,on`p ,xiibzp envr dvex iebdyk l"xc ,"xiibzdl `ayk iebdy" ,'eke xak

ixac xe`a xiibzpa ixi`nd envr oial epia

xb ied carica envr oial epia xiibzpa mbc l"qc miwqetd ilecb md in
carica elit`y azk s"ixd la` ,dylya dpi` ixac md dfa `veiky sqei ziaa `iade ,akrn ipta dilr liaw i`c azk o"anxdye ,m"anxd ,opick zeevn zvwn edericede ,leahle lenl dyly xyk df ixd ,oic zia ipta `ly lahe lne jlde .my oiir d"c (a"r d"n) zenai zetqezd eazk dpde epiid ,dyly opirac `dc ,'eke dlah `l in y"`xd azk oke ,dliahl `l la` ,zevnd zlawl ,(g"qx 'iq c"ei) xehd azk df it lre ,(`"l oniq) myl lah `l elit` ,mipy ipta lah e` ln m` m` zakrny zeevnd zlawn ueg ,xb ied ,zexb
'qezd ixac a"r d"n zenaia xehd y"`xd m"anxd s"ixd o"anxde

, , ., " , .

.2


ixi`nd oeyl a"r d"n zenaia ixac z` e`iada s"ixd

-
y"`xde o"anxd zetqezd zhiy itl dxe`kle edericede leahle lenl eilr lawy `kidc xehde `ly lahe lne k"g` jld m` ,dyly ipta 'eke mb dfa ayiil mewn did ile` ,xb ied dyly ipta xiibzpy xb oica l"pd zaya ixi`nd azky dn z` ,xb iede envr oial epia xiibzpy ixiinc ,miebd oia fnx df z`e ,dyly ipta dlaw dzid t"kry epiide dfe ,"miwqetd ilecb my ewqty jxcd lr" y"na .mezql `le x`al t"kr el didy ,wegc dpdc ,s"ixdl ixi`nd zpeeky d`xp

s"ixd zhiy z` `iad a"r d"n zenaia ixi`nde exn` `ly ,evxiz (s"ixd) miwqetd ilecbe :l"fe l"pd bdpn ea oibdep oi`y l"x ,dligzkl `l` dyly jixv exiibziy cr l`xyi zepa dligzkl e`iydl l`xyi ,exiibzp dyly iptay micra xxaziy e` dyly ipta .edl opilqt `l ,carica la`

zhiy xe`a it lr ixi`nd 'qezd zrc ,ediinrce xe`aa wgecde df

`iany `iyewd ixac lr ixi`nd s"ixd

exn`y dnn mdilr miywnc ,ixi`nd jiynne oial ipia izxiibzp xn`c `edda (.fn sc) dhnl ,iebl zecr oi`e dz` ieb jixacl el exn`e ,invr oiyeciw zkqna oke ,`ed l`xyi eixacl daxc`e xg`l il zycewn z` ixd dy`l xne`da (.aq sc) `dc xnelk ,"`ed ecia e`l xb" exn` ,ixiibzzy m`e ,`pic ia dil iwwcfinc xnii ine ,dyly jixv ,(dyly ila liren caricay s"ixd ixack) `zi`

okl

xa `iig iaxc dicar ,`zi` a"r d"n sc zenaia ,`zzp` myl miakek zcaer `iddl dlah` in` da .dzxaae da ixeyk`l `pliki :sqei ax xn` .dzecpl dlah `l in :iq` ax xn`c ,iq` axck ,l`xyi za lr `ad care miakek caer ,dzxaa xn` ,`ziinx` xa dil exw eedc `edd .xyk cled exw eedc `edd .dzecpl dlah `l in :iq` ax ,eixwl lah `l in :l"aix xn` ,d`nx` xa dil .k"r i`e :l"fe (s"ixd itcn :eh sc) s"ixd dywde dyly jixv xb xn`c opgei iaxc `idd jl `iyw `l .`id `zkldc l"iwe ,dia aizk htyn h"n caric ,iel oa ryedi iaxce iq` axc `d ,`iyw i`c ,eixw myl lahe li`ed ,dixal opilqt `lc `ed 'xc `de ,eixw myl lah ded `l ,`ed `xeib e`l `le xb bdpn dia opibdp `lc ,dligzkl ,opgei .l"kr ,'b ipta liahc cr l`xyi za dil opiaqpn oiae dliaha oia) xba dyly jixvy dn lk ,'it 'it` ,carica la` ,dligzkl wx `ed ,(xac lka jixv dfd xbd ,jkitle .xyk envr oial epia `l lah `ly onf lke ,dyly ipta leahl dligzkl eclepy oeik ,eicli oiprl ok` .l`xyi za el mi`iyn .l`xyi oick mpice ,carica mditlk aiyg ,xak ('b sirq g"qx 'iq c"eia) oxn azky dn f"tle] lr dpeekd ,dylya dliah zakrny s"ixd zrca leahl oiicr leki cinz ik ,akrn dfc ,envr xbd s"ixd azky dne ,dligzklk dicicl aiyge leqtp m`y ,erxf itlk epiid ,akrn `l caricay `le carick mpic okl ,miebk mdy ixd ,ezliah z` .[akrn

zpeeky d`xp s"ixdl ixi`nd

dilry 'nbd oeyl ixac miaaeq s"ixd

s"ixd ixac xe`a ixi`nd t"r

ilecb ly) mpeyln d`xp mewn lkne .ecia inp xb yexita) mzpeek `id jky (s"ixd ,miwqetd bdpn bdep edepi`x elit` dligzklc ,(epziibeq xne` `edy t"r` ,ieba wfged xake li`ed ,l`xyi ed`iypy dligzkl on`p epi` ,dyly ipta xiibzpy ipta aey leahiy e`) micr `iaiy cr ,l`xyi zaa micr `lay t"r`e ,(s"ixa azky enk dyly oixeqi` oipra ezbdpd oiprl zecra eixac lr oikneq ,xxaiy cr `wec oi`eyip oiprl ,mixac x`ye `yp m` la` ,ciled `ly lk oi`iven qpk elit`e eia` z` epi`xy xg`n ,epa z` oilqet oi` cilede oiwifgn ,dzcpl zlaeh en` z` e` eiexiwl laeh `ed df zrcle ,dyly ipta exiibzp xaky mze` eia` z` epi`xy `wec e`l ,'it) zebdpd x`ya oicd zecdi ly zebdpd x`ya 'it` `l` ,dliaha bdep

s"ixd oeyl eziiyewa

s"ixd uexz

s"ixd ixac xe`a

zhiy mekiq xe`a itl s"ixd ixi`nd

ixiin oiibeq ,'it .l"kr ,(oad lr migiken md did `edy oeikn ok` ,dyly ipta xiibzpy xne`a e`iydl oiprl el mipin`n ep` oi` ,ieba epl wfgen ocic `ibeq dpey dfae .(micr `iaiy cr) dy` oeik myy ,envr oial epia xiibzpy xbc `ibeqn leqt `ed okl ,dyly ipta xiibzp `ly dcen `edy .eixacl

oxn ixac xe`a zrca r"eya l"pd t"r s"ixd

xe`a mekq zrca ixi`nd x`ia okye ,s"ixd zrc z` g"ad mb s"ixd

m`y ,s"ixd zrc z` yxtn ixi`ndy `vnpe ezliahy opixn` ,zexyk zwfga epl wfgen `ed dyly ipta ezexba lah i`cey epl dgiken eixwl `ly ,invr oial ipia izxiibzp xne`a mle` .obedk

a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd mb wqty enke) liren .zexyka epl wfgen did `ly `kid ixiin ,('f dkld 'iq c"ei) g"aa s"ixd zrc z` jxe`a yxit oke .(g"qx (a"r g"q sc seq) zaya ixi`nd y"n k"` edfe ,`din miebd oia xiibzpy xb xn`z `nye :l"pd `ed ixde ,mlern zay oipr rci `ly xyt` j`id enk ,zexenge zelw zevn eze` miricene dyly jixv eze` oiliahny ohw xba xyt` .zenaia x`azdy xiibzp `ny e` .mlern xikd `le ,c"a zrc lr miebd oia xiibzpy xn`y enke ,dyly `la )dligzkle ,(l`xyi my did `ly oeyld zernync oial epia 'it` carica la` ,dyly jixvy `ed epiide) miwqetd ilecb my ewqty jxcd lr ,envr ,eheytk s"ixa cnly x`eane .l"kr ,(l"pd s"ixd
ixac xe`a zaya ixi`nd l"pd t"r g"q

zlawl oia ,dyly epiidc ,"htyn" jixvy dn lky carica la` ,dligzkl wx `ed dliahl oiae zeevn .ipdn
'qezd oeyl ex`ay zaya s"ixdk

d"ca .fn sca) onwl 'qezd ef dhiy e`iad oke ,ipdn `ly envr oial epia xiibzpy xb iab ,(yi `wec epiid 'b opirac `d i` ,`din dnize :l"fe epiide .l"kr ,'eke xyk inp cg caric la` dligzkl dyly jixvy dn lky l"pd s"ixd zhiyk eyxity efd 'qezd zhiyy ,xirdl yi wx] .dligzkl wx `ed mby zehyta l"qy l"pd 'qezd zhiyl zxzeq d"ca :en sc seqa mdixacl xzeq oke ,akrn carica xak mle` .akrn dylyy my edl `hiyty htyn dnk i"r eazkp 'qezd ixacy ,millkd ilra epericed cg` 'qez ixacn zeywdl oi`e ,'qez ilra dnke . [edpynl
3

mdixac xe`a

l"pd 'qezd ixac z` mixzeq d"n sca mdixac a"r e"ne a"r 'qezd ixac dnk icia eazkp oi`e minkg zeywdl lr df mdixacn df

3. " " " ' ", " , ", " " ", , " " ", ". , " " )' "( ", " ), ( ", " : " ", "", , " " ", "" , , , " ", , ) , ( " ", " ', " " " , ", " ", " " , , , , , ". , " , , ". ' " " " " ", , " ' ' " ", ]" , , , , " , " " '. " " . .[ " , ' , " ' )" "( " " " " ', "" ', , " , , , ' , , , , , " " , ". , , " , " " , , " )( ", , , , , )" " "( "" , "" , , , , ", " " , , , " " , " , ' " " "


,(`"kw 'iq )`"g wgvi zgpn extqa zicxgd

-
h"k 'iq c"ei) dnly zcng z"eya `c"a dcrd qiie mrhn awri wgvi 'x c"a`b oe`bdle k"g`le milyexi

x"eye
(`"i `ze xzqypn

zrcl `ziixe`cn cg` ipta zexb `ipdnc eazky .y"r ,s"ixd

, ". " ". " " ", " " , , " ) " "(, " ", " " ), (, , ". " ", , , " , " )' " "( " " ", " ' )" "( " " , , , " '. " , , " " ". " , " , ' , , " ' " , , " ' , " " ", , "" , , , ' , , , " " ' , ' , ', " " ) ' "(, , , " , ". " , , " )' " '(, , , , " ", ', " " , ' , , " ". " " , " )" "( " , , , )"(, " " , " " , ', ) , (, ' )" "( " , , " , " ' ", ". ] ", ' , " ' , , ' , ' , , ' , , " , " ' )"( ' " . " " " ' " ' " ' 84 " .[ " ": , , , , " , , , , , " ' ", " ' ", , " , , " " , , , " ", "' " " , . ". ", ' " " ' , ' , " , . " , " ' )" " " (. . " , " " " ". .


zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y sqei iwenpd zrc

oke i"wenpdk `"nxd oiad i"ad zrca

xirdy ,i"ad lr `"wq dyn ikxca `"nxd zxrdn ,sqei iwenpd ixack rnyn `l onwl xehd ixacny sqei iwenpdk weqtl oxn zpeeky oiady rnyn mikqn `l xehdy xird df lre ,mzqa ewizrdcn .dfl

`xaq" :`"r f"n zenaia sqei iwenpd l"fe akrn epi` (zeevnd) edericed `l m`y `z`eeaxc ,(a"r g"q zay) "lecb llk wxta rnyn ikde 'iqa i"ad oxn ewizrde ,l"pd `"ahixd oeylk `ede rnyn oke ,eixacl mikqny rnyne ,mzqa g"qx

sqei iwenpd oeyl

i"ad zrc

i"wenpd lr awri lbid ziiyew eziiyew uexze zakrn m` zeevn zlaw oipra envr xzeqy
dlrz df uexizl ixdy df uexizk dil miw `lc rnync dicicl la` ,'b ipta t"kr dzidy zeevnd zlawa zexbd `le ,dliahd `idy zexbd xwir` i`w aizkc htync ,edericede 'b ipta lawy liren dn ,zeevnd zlaw` .dliaha 'b jixv t"krc
sqep uexz

d"ca (c"v 'iq) c"eig (ailheb) awri lbi z"eya iwenipac ,dfa dkean izi`x cer :l"fe azk ,mpn` azk eze` oiricene d"ca ulegd wxta my sqei ,akrn epi` edericed `l m` `zeeaxc `xaqe :l"dfa d"ca mecwd sca envr xzeq i"wenpac ,il denz ok` mbc `icdl epeyln my gken ,eixwl lah `l in ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn ly drced akrn caric epi`c xwir mipexg`d eixace k"g` dia xcdc d`xpe .c"kr akrn dze`a envr xezqi i"wenpdy c`n dyw zn`ae oeyla azky hxtae ,zeevnd zlaw oipra ,`ibeqd rnync ,akrn epi` edericed `l m` `zeeaxc `xaq `iad lirle ,akrn epi`y miwqetd aex zrc `id efy .melk xirdl ila akrny mzqa oeyla 'qezd 'ewk 'wdy idpc ,n"wlc c"rlp mle` oic ziaa dzid `ly dliah dze` dzlr ji`c oiywn yie la` ,'eke edericede leahl mdipta eilr lawy evxize ,dia aizk htyn zexba `dc ,xeegn epi`c df lr azk

lbid ziiyew iwenpdy awri envr xzeq sqei zrced m` oipra zakrn zeevn

zhiya ccvl lirl izazkcke cer xnel xyt`e ,zexb xwir `idy dliaha 'b opira mlerlc ,'qezd edericede leahle lenl envr lr lawiyk mle` `iedc zeevnd zlaw dze` `ipdn f` ,'b ipta zeevnd `ly eid dliahde dlind m`y oiprl ,zexb zligzk uexizk dligzn azk i"wenpd okle ,zexb iedc 'b ipta .l"pd awri lbid ziiyew zvxezn dfae ,'qezd

ztqep dinz i"wenpd ixaca

xexa zn`d itl i"wenpd zrcly zeevn zlaw oi` zakrn

mikixv epgp` oi`y dkxc dxez zn`d mle` dn ezrcle ,enr zxg` gex i"wenpdc ,llk xacl epi` dliah zrya `ly 'b ipta zeevnd lawy qgiae ,dliaha 'b opira t"krc ,cixen epi`e dlrn oi` ixd ,dliah zrya mzrcede zeevnd zlawl .akrn df

uexz

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y eizeaeyza f"acxd zrc


xikfd `le ,zexb myl mdipta dlahy wx azk ,epiptl xg`n ik xnel yi zehiytae ,zeevnd zlaw oiipr z` mb oi` k"` ,c"a did `l ixdy melk dericed `ly dlaw o`k oi` drced m` ik ,zeevn zlaw ly avn mdipta dlahy micirny yexta eixaca `a wx ,oipn dlahy ocic oecpay aiyd ezaeyza dpde ,zexb myl ,wleg oi`e dnvr dzpw `nlr ilekl zexb myl yexita myl leahzy oerny ziaa decnly zxn`c dn oiiprle iab ,(e"t 'iq) c"g eizeaeyza f"acxd zrc oke leahzy decnile ,zecar myl deliahd `ly dieb dgty micr ipta dlahe ,daxn dnvr riwtdl ick zexb myl oke ,zexb ied xityc f"acxd dlrde ,c"a my eid `le df lk ,zeevn zvwn dericed `le c"a my eid `ly dn .c"kr ,`ed xenb xb carica la` ,xgaend on devnl zyitzl xdev mb geztl lkep ef dl`y jezne zavipd dl`ya ik ,mzedne zexbd ipic z` f"acxd
f"acxd zqitz zexbd oipr z` f"acxd oeyl daeyza zvwn zrcedy `l` dpi` zeevn on devnl xgaend


jl ixd :l"fe eixac jynda cer k"ke .c"kr ,xb epi` mi`pz 'dn cg` xqg m`y ,zewtqd el`a lecb llk ,ef d`xeda mdilr jneq ip`y miwqetd zvwn zrcl ,meiae ,'b ipta xyk dewna dliahe ,dlin :od el`e oi` ,el`n cg` el xqg m`e ,zeevn zvwn el miricene `eal xyke xiibzpy ieb `ed ixd `l` car oic el `l ixdy ,mi`pzd lk mdl eid `ly il `ixae ,ldwa el` lk oi` ,epizenewna elit`e ,dxez ilra eid zkneq izrc ok lre ,aexwn `l` mixtq `le mihxtd egtqp xy` mixbd lk mbe ,ldwa `eal mze` xizdl elah `ly izazk xy`k `ed xacd m`e ...mdilr mielpd lke ,mixenb mixb md ixd ,zecar myl obedk dlin ,mixbd ihtynk mdl eyriy i`pzae ,dzr mdilr eaxrzpy mze` lk oke ...4 meiae xyk mewna dliahe enke ,zexb myl elahiy cr ldwa `eal oixeq` ,mda ,zevn zvwn mdl ricedl jixv oi`e ,dlrnl izazky .l"kr ,l`xyi zck ebdp xaky iptn
dlerd mekq zeaeyzn f"acxd

-
`ly xacl miilbxe ,dax oae`x 'eke riwtdl ick zexb iaxk ol `niiwc xexa xacd ,jk liaya `l` dxiibzp zngn exiibzpy mze` 'it` ,md mixb mlek xn`c xi`n zpeek dpde ,y"r ,md mixenb mixb zeix` zni` dzid zexbd dze`y xacl miilbxc oeeikc ,mil`eyd ,llk zecdi myl dzid `le dnvr riwtdl liaya wx dze`a izin`e dpk oevx dl oi`y `zlin i`lb` k"` zxiibzny t"r`c xnele wlgl mewn o`k oi`e ,zexbd ,zecdi myl zpeekn `id n"n ,dnvr riwtdl liaya dnvr riwtdl cala dzpeek lky xacl miilbx ixdy ze`nx wx o`k yi dxe`kl k"`e ,zecdi myl `le ,k"tr`c ,aiyd f"re ,iytegl z`vl dxhne `cixb k"` ,md mixb mlek xn`c xi`n iaxk l"iiwc xg`n zecdi myl `le ziccv daiql mixiibzn md m` 'it` azk cer .mixb eed micr 'b ipta elahe eln m` ,llk c"a oexqg ly dprhd lr aiydl ,ezaeyza f"acxd `le c"a my eid `ly inp oke :l"fe ,zeevnd zrcede la` ,xgaend on devnl df lk ,zeevn zvwn dericed c"i wxta l"f m"anxd k"ke ,`ed xenb xb carica `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb" :l"fe a"eqi` zekldn dyely ipta lahe lne ,oypere zeevnd edericed `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd oiyyege ,m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed xiibzn `ed ixd ,f"r care xfg 'it`e ,ezwcv x`aziy cr el xifgdl devne ,eiyeciwl oiyyegy xnen l`xyik zcnl `d .k"r ,l`xyik dyrpe lahy oeik ezcia` ,'eke oixeg za d`vie ,`id dxenb zxeib ef dy`c .a"yr uaewa ,i"kn epnn daeyz d`aed dfl dnecae card oi`e :l"fe g"n 'nr c"nyz zpy mdxa`l xekf 'be ,`ed zexb zvwny ,xbk meiae 'b ipta `l` laeh ,mipiic 'be xyk dewna dliahe dlin ,`aekirl mixac ixd `l` ,car `le xb epi` ,el` lkn cg` xqg m`e zrced ,`aekirl `le dligzkl el` mixac 'ae ,ieb `ed ,miwqetd zvwn zrcl meia dliahe zeevn zvwn ,`aekirl md mixac ipyd el` elit` mzvw zrcle dlila edeliahdy e` zevn zvwn edericed `l m`y
zaeyz oeyl i"zkn f"acxd zvwn zrcedy wx `id zeevn dligzkl 'it` f"acxdly mixiibznyk myl `le daiql mixb eed zecdi

ezaeyz z` zn`ez ,efld f"acxd

zaeyze

dpi` zeevn zvwn zrcedy ,(e"t 'iq) c"g extqa xexae heyte ,y"r xgaend on devnl m` ik oeyl zehytk ,`id cg ozlawe zeevnd zrcedy mle` ,llk mdipia ewlg `ly mipey`xd lke m"anxd xzia f"acxd ly ezhiy zxxazn o`k daeyzdn dliahe dlin ,`aekirl mixac 'by azky ,xexia epi` el` lkn cg` xqg m`e ,mipiic 'be xyk dewna zvwn zrced ,`aekirl `le dligzkl mixac 'ae ,xb zrcle ,miwqetd zvwn zrcl meia dliahe zeevn m`y ,`aekirl md mixac ipyd el` elit` mzvw epi` dlila edeliahdy e` zeevn zvwn edericed `l .c"kr ,xb

gken f"acxdn oia wlgl oi`y zeevn zlaw ozrcedl

dnly

zcngd

weligk

wlgl

mewn

oi`e

,mipexg` daxd ea elzpy (l-hk 'iq) c"ei eizeaeyza `l f"acxd ixdy ,zeevnd zlawl zeevnd zrced oia zlaw z` mi`pzdn cg`k eizty lc lr dlrd ,zeevnd zrceda millkp ody jgxk lre ,zeevnd efy f"acxd azky s`e ,edericedy dn lawn `edy n"n ,zakrn zeevn zrced oi`y miwqetd zvwn zrc

, " , . .

.4

`icdl dligzn azk ixdy ,dyrnl dilr jnq `ed jiynde ,mkqen xac dfe `aekirl mixac 'by mzqa ,zeevnd zrced dpn mdne dligzkl mdy mixacd 'aa

milbne minilyn (c"ga) l"pd daeyza eixacc eze on deevnl `l` dpi` zeevnd zrcedc ezrc z` .heyte xgaend

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y `icdl eazky mitqep mipexg`e mipey`x zepeyl
`"xdn oeyl daeyza oeyy

dliahy :'k 'iq zn` zxez z"eya oeyy `"xdn k"ke didi ,miiqe ,zeevn zlaw my dzid `ly t"r` dliren .zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawy o`kn d`xp didiy dn x`ez zti iab ,jepig zgpnd ixacn x`ean oke gxfnd xe` uaewa oekpl wiicy enk ,(a"lwz devn) zyxgac ,xe`p l`lva axd ,(b"kw 'nr a"l jxk) `idc da xzene ,dliahne elld miyrn dyer dheye mz`gn ipdn `lc ,dgnz `nlc jiiy `le ,zxeib xaeq jepig zgpndy d`xpke ,zxeib l"ede zekf iede .c"kr ,zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y oi`c jepig zgpnd lral l"q jgxk lrc ezpeeke ,zexbd zakrnc l"q i`c ,zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw xninl `kile .xiibzdl dheye zyxg dleki cvik mpi`y mixaca jiiy dfc ,xyt` i`c `kd ip`yc ,akrny xaca la` ,dligzkl miyrp `l` miakrn lre .eilr xzeel ozip cvik ,zexbd zedn `edy epiidc .zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`c l"qc jgxk zeevn zlaw zexb mzqa mlerlc xninl `kile ,dgxk lra dxiibny x`ez zti ip`ye ,zexbd zakrn da jiiy `lc b"r` zyxge dheya zxeib `ied jkitl dnk my jepig zgpnd ixaca x`ean `dc ,zeevn zlaw m`e .dpevxl `l` zxiibzn dpi` x`ez zti mbc minrt k"g`e ,yceg a"i dnr lblbn ,xiibzdl dvtg dpi` .y"r ,ayez xbk dpice dytpl dglyn i"aa wizrdy g"qx 'iqa r"eyd oxn m`av lre zeevn zrced oi`y sqei iwenpd oeyl z` mzqa m"anxd oeyl wizrd a"i sirq my r"eyae ,zakrn lne zeevnd edericed `ly xby f"id a"eqi`n b"ita .xb df ixd zeheicd 'b ipta lahe mipexg`d zepeyln dpdke dpdk cer siqe` onwle zakrn mzlawe zeevn zrced oi`y `icdl eazky .zexbd

xb iab a"r g"q zayl o"anxd ixacn x`ean oke ipta xiibzpy oebk" :l"fe azky miiebd oial xiibzpy zeevn edericed `le zexg` zeevn zvwn edericede ,'b oial epia xiibzp eli`y ,edericed `le erhy e` ,zay `le erhy e`" y"na ezpeeke .l"kr ,"xb epi` envr `vei ,zeevnd on llk edericed `ly epiid ,"edericed xba zeevn zlaw oi` ,o"anxd azky 'a yextly .zakrn my zeaezka w"nhya d`aed dpyi dhiya k"ke `kid ilin ipd (zeevnd ly) dlaw jixvc b"r`" :l"fe .l"kr ,"xyt`c b"ita m"anxd lr eyexta dpyn cibnd k"ke zeevnd zrced oi`y heyt df" :l"fe f"id a"eqi`n .l"kr ,"caric zakrn `ly xb" :azky my m"anxd ixacn dler oke lahe lne oypere zeevnd edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca oecp d"ra onwle] .l"kr ,"xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta m"anxd zrca eazk oke ,[dagxda m"anxd zhiya .(e"t 'iq) c"g eizeaeyza f"acxde g"qx 'iqa g"ad `iady ,(a - a"v 'iq) eizeaeyza g"p`xdn k"ke zeevn zrced oi`y l"pd sqei iwenpd ixac z` eze` oiricenc llk xnel oi`c ,df lr azke ,zakrn ,zeevnd zlaw epiid e`l zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn el oiricen g"z 'ae eze` oiliahn iab k"g` ixdy lr `zydc ,azk ,zexeng zeevne zelw zeevn zvwn dliah zrya jkld ,zexb llkl qpkp `ed dliah ici eze` oiriceny rnyn ,zeevn ler eilr lawl jixv xn`p m` mby cciv k"g`e ,zeevn zlaw epiid `lyk `weec edf ,zexbd zakrn 'ba zeevn zlawy dlaw jl oi` ,'b ipta lah m` la` ,'b ipta lah `l i`ce eze` oiricen `peeb i`dke ,dliahd on dlecb .`akrn

o"anxd oeyl g"q zaya

zgpnd ixac jepg

ixac xe`a o"anxd

dhiyd oeyl zeaezka dpyi

eixac xe`a

cibnd axd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita f"id

m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita f"id

ziigcl oeiqp df xe`a

oeiqpd ziigc

g"p`xdn ixac daeyza

g"p`xdn zrcl oia lcad oi` zeevnd zlaw mzrcedl

r"eya oxn ixac i"aae

g"p`xdn zrcl zlaw jl oi` dlecb zeevn dliahdn

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y mdixacn dlery mipey`x cer


l"vf htelw l`ei 'x oe`bd yxit okye zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y i"yx zhiy
i"yxtlc weic o`k dzid `l zeevn zlaw 'qezk `lce

ixdy ,eywzp dlah `l in d"ca jenqa 'qezde miyp jxc oi`e dia aizk htync dyly jixv xb dliaha o`k xaecn ixde ,dliah zrya yi` `iadl ef dliah dl dlired ji` k"`e zexb myl `ly dyly opirac i`dc l"ic ,evxiz f"re ,zexb oiiprl xaecn o`ke) ,dliahl `l la` zeevnd zlawl epiid lr df yexte ,y"r ,(.i"ez .zeevnd xak dlawy o`k eycg 'qezd ik ,i"yxa yxtl xyt` i` jgxk ,dlahy iptl 'ba zeevnd dilr dlawy ina xaecny dlawy oeeik dl `ipdn 'b `la dliahc p"d` f`e xikfd `l i"yx dpde ,witqne liren dfc 'ba zeevnd lrc cere ,xwire llk zeevnd zlaw o`k dzidy dcpd zliah i"yxlc ,'qezde i"yx ibilt jgxk eli`e ,zicedi zc iedc meyn zexb zliahl dl `wlq zlaw dzidy meyn dl `wlq zecpd zliah 'qezdl xkfp `l dfc ,zicedi zc meyn `le 'ba zeevnd zlaw dzid `l i"yxlc k"` x`eane ,llk mdixaca zliah dl `wlqc wiqtw k"tr`e ,df iptln zeevnd .zexb zliahl zecp

sc) zenaia i"yx yxty dnn gikedl yi oke dlah` in` xa `iig iaxc dicar ,(a"r d"n sqei ax xn` ,`zzpi` myl miakek zcaer `iddl xn`c iq` axck da ,dzxaae da ixeyk`l `pliki caer ,dzxaa ,dzecpl dlah `l in iq` ax .xyk cled l`xyi za lr `ad care miakek ,iq` ax xn` ,`ziinx` xa dil exw eedc `edd myl dlah` i"yxte .dzecpl dlah `l in .zexb zliah myl `le dcp zliah myl ,`zzpi` t"r`e dxenb zxeib zeidl ,da ixeyk`l `pliki dl `wlq dcp zliahc ,zexb myl dlah `ly dzcpl dlah `l miakek zcaerc ,zexb myl xn`e ,zexb myl en` dlah `ly ,'eke iq` axck dcp zliah `nl` ,dzcpl dlah `l in iq` ax dze`e ,dzecpl dlah `l in ,zexb myl `wlq ,`id zicedi zcc zexb zliahl dl dler dliah .c"kr `iig iaxc dicarc yxtn i"yxc mi`ex dpd efd dlahda ezpeek dzid `l ,`zzpi` myl dlah`c lk dnvr zlaehd mbe ,dcp myl `l` zexb myl k"tr`e ,zexb myl `le dcp myl wx dzid dzpeek zc z`xwp dcp zliah ik ,zexb myl ef dliah dler wxe ,dcpl zlaeh dpi` miakek zcaere li`ede ,zicedi eli`k dl aygp df dyrn i"ry ixd ,zlaeh dicedi xn`y enk dxiykd sqei ax okle ,zexb zliah dlah dlah` d"ca 'qezd mb .dzecpl dlah `l in iq` ax el dcgiil dvex didy ,`zzpi` myl dliahdy eyxit ,`ypil zrazpyn l`xyi zepa lk jxck dliahn dide ezpeek wx ,dliaha zexb zpeek el did `ly xnelk ef mb ,zerazpyn zelaehy l`xyi zepay enky dzid zxykny dliahl mzpeeke ,`ypdl drazyn dliahd ly myexitl i"yxt oia lcad oi` dfae ,oi`eyip jxevl dzid `l dnvr dliahd mvr r"ekly ,zetqezd ilra .zexb myl

i"yx oeyl a"r d"n zenaia

i"yxlc gxkd 'b eidya ixiin dliaha

opira `dc 'qezd ziiyewk dxe`kl dyw la` `edy xnel jixv okle ,dia aizk htync zexba 'b yxit ok zn`ae ,dliahd onfa 'b eidy ixiinc yxtn opira `dc" 'qezd 'ewk dligzn 'wdy ,`"ahixd 'iga oeik caricac yxtl oi`y azke ,c"aa dliah edericede leahl mdipta eilr lawe c"aa lenipy ezliah c"aa `ly lahy t"r` ,zexenge zelw

'qeze i"yxn weic zcaerd zliahc dzid `l miakek zexb myl

`"ahixdn weic zeevn zlawy 'qeza dxen`d lr zxfeg dliahd

lawe c"aa lenpy epeyl zehyt ab`] ,"dliah zeevnd zlawy `ae dxen ,edericede leahl mdipta dxqgd zeevnd zlaw lr ixiin 'qezd dilr exacy mixacd xcq mbe ,dliahd `idy zexbd znlydl edericedy azk `le ,edericede leahl mdipta law mb oiany rnyn ,jtda `l` zeevnd dlaw k"g`e `l` dlawy dn yext oi`y 'qezd ilra zrca epi` df lkc ,[ 5 l"ie zexbd znlydl zeaiigzd

,' " ', " '

.5

zenai) l"iwe ,dia aizk htyn zexbac oeeik ,xeegn elit`c gken ,ln `l eli`k lah `le ln (a"r e"n azk okle ,akrl 'b ira zexb xwirn `idy dliahl xac `ed ixd ,dzecpl `lah `l in opixn`c `dc myl `lah`c `idd lr dl iziinc epiiprn cnld `l` ,ie`xk dzid c"a iptl dliah dze`e ,`zzpi` ,zexb myl exikfd `le zecpc `zzpi` myl exikfdy zegtd lkl eyexitk enzq ik iy` ax edl xn` jkl dlah eli`k `ed ixde ,ixw meyn e` dxdh meyn `l` ikiiy `l dcpe ixw zliahy oeeik ,zecdi myl dcpd zliahy epiptl i"yxtk `ede .k"r ,l`xyia meyn `l` dlah `ly t"r` zexb meyn dl `wlq `l` `kiiy `l dcp zliahc oeeikc ,`wec zecp ,'b ipta ziyrp ef dliahe m"ekra `le l`xyia elahy e` zecdi myl yexta elah `ly elit` `idy dcp zliah t"kr ixd ,melk exikfd `le mzqa zeidl yi` jxc oi`y 'b ipta ziyrpyk zicedi zc htynk c"a cnrn dfy 'b y"ke dcp zliah onfa zexb myl `ly elit` dliahd dze` dliren ,xeibl

yxtzne mi`zn df yexite ,zexb zliahk dzeidl oi`c ,sqei iwenpa k"b yxit oke ,i"yxl mb dti meyl `lah`c `kde ,dyly opira dliaha mby wtq .y"r ,xn`w oic zia ipta `zzpi`
i"yxlc dpwqn zeevn zlaw oi` zakrn

mipey`xdn md sqei iwenpde `"ahixdy recie zexba zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y dxexa mzrcy mixaeqd oia i"yx mby `vei df itle ,'qezdk `lce epipta yi ,`nlr ilekl zexba 'b opirac oeeikc ,ok 'ba dlah`c e` ,`ibeqd uxzl zeiexyt` 'a wx iptl zeevnd dlawy e` ,sqei iwenpde `"ahixdk `ly i"yxl xnel migxkeny lirl izazke ,'bae df uxzl jgxk lr k"`e ,df iptl zeevnd zlaw dzid mixaeqd oia i"yx mby o`kne ,'ba dliahd dzidy .zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y

oe`bd mb wiic ok htelw l`ei 'x i"yx zrca

,dtig c"a` l"vf htelw l`ei 'x oe`bdl x"eye r"d` l`ei zrc extqa ,epxeca xqend ilra ilecbne l"pd i"yx ixacn wiicy ,(c"py 'nr `"qw 'iq) .y"r .zexbd zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawc

oixcdpqa 'qezdly xvln l`eny 'x oe`bd zrc zeevnd zlaw `le dliahd `id zexbd xwir ,i"yxe m"anxde
mircei ep` la` ,"c"a" m"anxd xikfd `ly t"r`c lr eze` oiliahn ohw xb ,l"pd dklda eiwqtn xakn oicd didi dn op` ifgp `zyde ,witqn dfe c"a zrc m` ,zwelgna ielz df k"b ?lah `le lny xb lv` itl ,xwird `id zeevnd zlaw e` zexbd xwir dliah xwir oiicr dyr `lc oeik ,oixcdpq 'qeze m"anxd zrc 'qezle ,xenb iebk aygp `ed ixd ,dliahd epiid zexbd zeevnd laiw ixdy iptn ,ieb llkn `vi zeaezk llkl `a `l oiicr la` .zexbd xwir edfe ,xakn .zexba i`pz `id dliah ixdy ,l`xyi qcxtd zxaega xvln l`eny 'x oe`bdl izi`x oke b"ita m"anxdc azky ,(14 'nr 'b zxaeg gl dpy) ,'eke dyely ipta leahl jixve" azky e"d a"eqi`n azk ,"xb epi` miipy ipta elit`e envr oial epia lah zexb zevnc oixcdpqa 'qezd zhiyk xaeqy meyn ok mdc meyn ,ohw zrcl mikixv oi`e c"ad lr ied ,dgne licbd m` okle ,`zegip jixv ohwne ,milrad rnyn epi` ,ezephwa gevy dn la` ,`zegip o`k `kil melk liren epi` ezephwa epevxy myky iptn ,melk `gip okle ,melk ciqtn epi` ezephwa epevx i` jk
'qezd zrcl i"yx oixcdpqa xwir ,m"anxde `id zexbd `le dliahd zeevn zlaw

, " ', . " " " . " , " " ".

-
dliahd `id zexbd xwirc f"n zenaia opgei 'x zrca dpadd hyt

iebk iede ,melk `aiyg `l ezlinc ,lah `le lny xba jixv okle ,lxr ied ledn m"ekrc my opixn`c ,lny .dyi`a inwe`l
xwiry i"yx zrc dliahd zexbd zlaw `le zeevnd

`txzp ,`ziixad lr (a"r f"n) zenaia dpde jixt ,eiab lr micner g"z ipye cin eze` oiliahn ,dyely jixv xb opgei 'x xn` `iig x"` `de `xnbd opifg .`ibeqd l"kr ,dyely ipz `pzl opgei x"` `d `lae ,dliahd `ed zexbd xwirc l"q opgei 'xc dfn `xnbd ixac iz` xity k"` ,xenb iebl aygp dliahd `le lny xba inwe` `lc (`"r f"k sc) dxf dceara silic axle `ki` "leni lend"n silic opgei 'xlc lah opgei 'x m`c meyn ,`kil xenyz izixa z` dz`e on `kil "leni lend" mb ,dliahd ied zexbd xwirc xaeq

opgei 'x ixacn x`ean zenaia zexbd xwiry myl dliahd `id zexb

ixdy ,dliahd `id zexbd xwirc i"yx zrc oke jixv oi`y xxgeyn car iab ,(`"r f"n) zenaia azk jiiy zecar myl laehy dryay meyn ,zeevnd lawl dl dl opixnbc cere ,'eke "gepi ornl" aizkc ,zeevna car oicc x`ean `"id a"eqi`n b"it m"anxae ,dy`n .y"r `ed cg xbe

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y x`ean zeaezka i"yxe o"xdn


eixace ,l"kr ,d"ra epiptl cer x`aziy enke epi` gxti y"xbd zhiy zivnz `aez onwle ,migekp eweic z` `l` ep`ad `l o`ke ,dzenlya `"hily .o"xdn
oeyln l"pk weic i"yx

mely 'x oe`bdl mely zgpn xtqa iz`vn a"eike wiicl azky ,(e"h oniq) zeaezk q"nr `"hily gxti oiirnd :l"fe zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y o"xd zrcy ,(`"r `"i zeaezk) oizrnya (s"ixd aiaqy) o"xa dlin `la xb jl oi`y" :l"dfa azky d`xi mpi`c jgxk lr ,zevn zlawl xiiycne ,"dliahe lr mtiqedl el did k"l`c ,zexbd dyrnn wlg zexbd zedn mdc oeeikc xnel wgece ,dliahe dlin jxev oi`e zeevn zlawl opirac `hiytc `zlin k"` dfc ,xtqd on xqg xwird eicrlac df hxt zxkfda

o"xd oeyln weic zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn

,oiliahn d"c my zeaezka i"yx mby zn`ae ,dliahe dlin `la xb jl oi`y df oeylk k"b azk wlg mpi`c l"qc jgxk lr ,zeevn zlaw xikfd `le .l"pd i"yxn o"xd ixac xewny d`xpe .zexbd zednn zeevn zlaw oi`y gikedl lkep l"pd i"yxn mb k"`e .zexbd zakrn

eax d"`xd zrc okye zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y `"ahixd t"r inlyexid zehyty
itle ,sqei iwenpae ixi`nae o"anxd 'iga mb `aed yxtn `ed mby `vei ,`ibeqa `"ahixd yexit ipta dzid dliahd dze` t"kry ixiinc inlyexidl oeik n"n ,zexb myl yexita lah `ly t"r`e ,c"a ,zexb myl el dzlr ,l`xyi zyecw myl efe efc ixdy ,mdipyl el dzlrc dcrd oaxw axd yxit oke .y"r ,l`xyi zc eilr lawny dxen `ed ef dliaha xikfd `le minezq inlyexid ixacc ipaiyz l`e enkc ,`cg ,zeaeyz dnk f"r yi ,'b ipta dliahd epziibeqa 'nbd zenzqa ok l"pd mipey`xd eyxity inp oicd `ed ,'ba epiid dzcpl dlah `l inc cere ,ok yxtl yi inlyexid ixac zenzqa t"r inlyexia gkeny iz`vn efn

dlecbe

ixdy ,zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y `"ahixd dliren dcp zliahy gikedl `iad my `"ahixd xa ipzc :(a"id b"t) oiyecw inlyexidn zexbl oi`y ,xyk xb df ixd ,lah `le lny xb ,`xtw myl yexta lah `ly 'ite ,eixwl lah `ly xb ixw mylc dlw dliah dlrz j`id opikxte ,zexb xn` opiwxte ,miieb z`nehn dlery dxeng d`nehl l`xyi zyecw myl efe efy oeeikn ,oea xa iqei ax l"f m"xd epiax 'itn ,x`ean df ixde ,el dzlr .eax d"`xdl dpeekde .eakyn zxtk ipixd = n"xd] df inlyexie .[.`"ahixd 'igl o'dti `"xbd zexrd

dgked t"r inlyexidn d"`xde `"ahixd zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn

lk ,'ba dzidy xkfp `ly minezq mdy jzhiylc zlaw dzidy xkfp `ly minezq mdy e"we oky dzid `ly gxkeny `l` cer `le ,ok iptl zeevn

ok m`e ,i"yxtl izwcwcy enke mcewn zeevn zlaw zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi` inlyexidlc gken dfn .zexba

inlyexid ixac eixac t"r miayiizn cvike ,dfa o"anxd ixac


'ign dfl gxkd zayl o"anxd

o"anxd azky dn itl ok xnel migxken t"kre xiibzpy xb ziibeqa (a"r g"q sc) zay 'iga envra zeevnd edericed `ly ixiinc ,`vexiz cgl miiebd oia zeevnd zrced oi`c `"ahixd giked ef `ibeqne ,llk `"i sc) zeaezkae o`k eixaca oiir ,zakrn ozlawe k"l`y ok o"anxd ixac yxtl dz` gxkene ,(a"r la` ,zenaia eixacl zaya eixacn envr xezqi .lkd `gip epixacl

o"anxd 'iga ik ,dfa oiirl yi oiicr dxe`kle dkixve zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlawc l"qc rnyn ,ynn dliah zrya dlaw opirae ,dyly ipta zeidl m"anxd ixacn d`xpy dn `iade ,dyly ipta lkde inlyexid z` `iad aeye ,eilr dnze ,epziibeq yxtl dnl` .a"yr epixacl jnq ea epl yie ,miiqe ,l"pd dliaha 'b opirae ,zakrn zeevn zlaw o"anxdl .inlyexid yxtzn okye zeevn zlawae yxtl jgxk lr dpdc ,z`f zegcl

dxe`kl diyew o"anxd ixacn epzpad lr inlyexia

`ly `"ayxd ,o"anxa jk oiad `ly meyn o"anxa e`aed ixac eiptly inlyexid

liaw i`c o"anxd mya azky ,`"ayxd 'iga oiire zeevn zvwn edericede leahle lenl dyly ipta dilr ,y"r `ed xb envr oial epia lahe lne jlde epick ,zakrn zeevn zlawy o"anxd zrca oiany rnyn dnn mle` ,ok rnyn o"anxd ixac zligzny mbde izyxity enk `edy gxken inlyexidn k"g` `iady mixacd meiq z` xikfd `l `"ayxde ,eixaca .r"ve inlyexidn

d`xpe

jgxk lre ,'ba dzid dliahdy k"b inlyexid ,zecdi myl `le mzqa dliah dzid dliahd zryay zlaw dzid `ly jgxk lr cere ,`xninl i`n k"l`c meyl op`e ,zecdi myl `ied ok m`c ,zeevnd azk df iptl ixdy dyw k"` la` ,opixn`w `zzpi` lkde ,dliaha oia dlawa oia dyly dligzkl opirac ied dliaha 'b o"anxdlc l"v k"re ,dyly ipta ied `l dlaw la` ,l`xyi za e`iydl ick `aekrl dl dzlr 'b ipta dlah m`e ,dligzkl `l` `aekrl zc dilr zlawny dxen dzliah ly dnzqc ,dliah mixacd oeira w"ece ,dcrd oaxw axd y"nke l`xyi .izxvw ik

diyewd aeyi o"anxdn

t"r inlyexidl d"`xde `"ahixd oi` i"wnpde zeevnd zlaw zrc oke ,zakrn o"anxde i"yx

sqei

iwenipde

`"ahixde

i"yx

zrc

f"tle

mb yxtl jixv jke ,'b ipta dliah dzidy ,o"anxde o"anxde i"yx mby ,dfn dlerde .inlyexid z` `"ahixdle ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`c mixaeq d"`xde .inlyexid zrc mb idef sqei iwenpde d"`xde

i"yxt aeyie ,i"yxt lr xdd on mdxa` epax zdinz


x`ya zwfgn dpi`e dcp myl dlahy in la` ,zexb .c"kr ,`id dxenb dieb i`ce ,zevn
ziiyew xe`a i"yxt lr d"n`x

q"nr xdd on mdxa` iax yexita izi`x dpde dzidy epiid `zzpi` meylc i"yxt z` `iady ,zenai :l"fe eilr azke ,zexb myl `le dcp myl dliahd dzid `l i`ce ,zexb myl dlah `le li`edc ,xidp `le ivn ikide ,zeevn x`ya zil`xyi ikxca zbdpzn zwfgn dpi` m` ,dzcpl dlahy t"r` ,da ixeyki`l dzcpl dlah `l in opixn`c `dc .zeevn x`ya ,mil`xyik zeevna miwifgn mdyk `wec ,eiexwle `niiwe ,zexb myl elahy epi`x `ly t"r`y opixn`e e` dcp zngn elah ixd ,leahiy cr xb epi`c ol myl s` mdl dler dliah dze`c opixn`e ,ixw zngn

epax ziiyew xdd on mdxa` i"yxt lr

dzcpl dlah `l in opixn`c `dc" azky dne ,"mil`xyik zeevn x`ya miwifgn mdyk `wec eixiwle ,i"w 'iq zenail ikcxn zedbdd ixac hyt oirk ezpeek cr xb epi` lne lah elit` zeyi` myl xiibznac epaxl l"q jkitle ,mdikxc mixyiiny mze` mi`exy myl `le dcp myl dlah`c oeik `kdc ,xdd on mdxa` dpi`y oeik zeevn x`ya zwfgn dpi` k"` ,zexb .ef dliaha l`xyi zcl zqpkp `idy zrcei


,xac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd lahe lnc (a"r f"n ikxca zbdpzn dpi` i`ceac dil `pnc cere `ayginl opira ef dliah gkn ixdc ,zil`xyi `adle o`knc l"i k"`e ,`adle o`kn zil`xyik dlrz jkle ,zil`xyik zeevn meiwa bedpl jiynz zexbl ikcxn dcp myl dlah`c xdd on dpey`x mdxa` dliah epax dl xe`aa epkx`d onwle .ikcxn zedbd zrcl elit`e zedbdde zhiy .l"nk`e zecpl miyrn dzid dliahd

-
i"yxlc s`

c"prle
,zicedi zc

`idy dcp myl zlaehy xacd mvrn mle` ,cala zeyrl dzpeeky gken .ol ibq dfae ,dpikyd itpk zgz dze` miqipkny i`ce zeevn x`ya zwfgn dpi` m`y dnzy dne i"yxl l"q lirl x`eand itl ,`id dxenb dieb dpi` elit`e ,zexb zliahl dl `wlq dcp zliahc ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi` zicedi zca zwfgn zenai) l"iiwc exeql xfgy xb oick dpic `die

i"yxt aeyi d"n`x ziiyewn

zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y zenaia uxt epax 'qeze m"xdn 'qez zrc
sqep xe`a l"qc mzrca myl dliahdc zlaw died zexb zeevn

'iq) g"p`xdn y"nk l"qc xnel cer

okzie

e"n) zenaia uxt epax 'qeze m"xdn 'qeza dpd `wec edf ,dliaha 'b opirac dnc ,eazk (a"r 'b eid m` la` ,zeevn zlaw zrya 'b eid `lyk ,dliah zrya miipya ic f` ,zeevn zlaw zrya .c"kr 'ba zeevn zlaw oi`c l"qc mdixacn gkene seq `d dliaha 'b eidy dn lirei dn k"l`c ,zakrn l"qc i`ce `l` ,zeevn zlaw zrya 'b eid `l seq .zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`c

xi`n ziade (l-hk 'iq c"ei) dnly zcngde (a a"v z"eya w'veltn upiv l"`xdne ,(a"i 'iq) eizeaeyza g"n) zenail 'iga q"zgde ('p 'iq a"g) ytp zaiyn `"g) oxd` dhn gxt z"eyae ,(`"i) zeaezkle (a"r k"`e ,zeevn zlaw ied zexb myl dliahdc (`"p 'iq seqa onwl y"n oiire ,zeevn zlawa 'bk aiyg `"ahixd ixacn dler oky oiyeciwa 'qezd zhiy ,`idy lk devn myl dliahc ,(a"r d"n) zenail .y"r zexbe zecdil dlirene devn myl `ied

'qez ixac 'qeze m"xdn uxt epax

mzrcly dgked zeevn zlaw oi` zakrn

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y b"nqd zhiy


`l` ,zeevn zlawa 'b eed `d dliaha 'b eed `lc oeik zeevn zlawa 'b eedc dn ipdn `lc l"qc i`ce ,zexbd zakrn dpi` ikdle "htyn" eda aizk `lc akrn dfe ,dliaha 'b eidiy aeygy dn xwir `l` .zexbd lah m`y ,zehyta azk ,(f"hw oie`l) b"nqa l"qc gkene ,xb epi` miipy ipta e` envr oial epia xwirde zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`c m"anxdk l"q i`c ,htynk `iedc dliaha 'b eidiy `ed ol ztk` i`n ,zeevnd zlaw `ed xwirdc 'qezdk
b"nqd ixac f"hw oie`la eixacn dgkedde zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn

qiie `"xbde l"vf bevxd d"`ixbd weic zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y meyxb epaxn `"hily
akrn df oi`y rnyne .y"r ,mixg`a mb cenri dlawdy ,eze` elaw m`y dpine ,zexbd mvra oi` ,eze` elaiw m`y i`ce `d edine .dliren
d"`ixbd ziiyew d"nbx lr bevxd

d"`ixbd azk ('` 'iq) l`xyi ipa oi`y meyxb epax zrcy ,wiicl

uaewae
l"vf bevxd

yexita dpde" :l"fe zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw mikixvy mixac yi ,(`"r 'l sc) zexekal d"nbx opixn`c ,eze` milawn oi`y xne` `ed ik ,dpad `l i`ce ,xac eze`a cenrl leki epi`e li`ed

myxb epax ixac eixacn weice zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn

.laiw `ly xac eze`a aiig ixde ,melk e`pz ,l"f meyxb epax ixac oiadl epl yi ok m`e mircei ep`yk eze` lawpy zrcd lr dlri ji`c

didiy dxezd zeevnn zg` devn xenyi `ly ?da aiig oizrc` `wlq dedc ,did l"f epax zpeek ile`e zeevnd aex meiwy jenqle ,`nzqa elit` elawl devn mb xenyl ep`iai seq seq l`xyi llk jeza ,ef devn lr xeari jk icil ep`iaiy crc i`e .ef zeqgl `a `ed seq seqc xg`n ,el aeh jk ile` eze`a eyprl ie`x oi`e ,dpikyd itpk lv zgz dpwz el yiy oeikn ,l`xyi ryetl ie`xy xnegd ,"izxvwe xiaqdl lwpe ,devn zxiny icil e`iadl 'iq) r"d` wgvi lkid z"eya eixac epype .l"kr .(b"i qiie `"xbdl xy` zgpn xtqa azk df oirke meyxb epax zrca (b"l 'iq) zay lr `"hily dxe`kl di`x `iadl yie :l"fe azky l"pd ixacn ,"cg` xacn ueg"a s` xb ied caricac
qiie `"xbd weic `ipdnc d"nbxn `lyk mb ezexb zeevnd lk law d"`ixbd uexz eziiyewl bevxd d"nbx lr

cg` xacn ueg" azky ,my zexekaa meyxb epiax cenrl leki oi`e li`ed opixn`c ,eze` oilawn oi` oeylne ,"mixg`a inp cenri `l i`ce ,xac eze`a `l` ,dlawd xwira oexqg o`k oi`c rnyn df ,dligzkl elawl oi` ,exeaica cenri `ly oeikc `ay ux`d mr` i`w b"xd ixacc xyt`c s`e `le my `ibeqa inp x`eanc zexiag ixac lawl xbc `d` `icdl azk oldl eixaca n"n ,xb` xexa `ly y"r j` ,"mixg`a inp cenri `l i`ce" rnyn b"xd oeylne) .r"ve ,ef `qxib dpekp m` xaca xtek `edy ote`a ixiin `l my `ibeqd lkc ixacle ,da cenrl leki epi`y xne`a `l` ,cg` oeyl wx ehwpc ,`gip (e"k 'iq b"g) xfrig`d caric oeyl ehwp `le ,eze` oilawn oi`c dligzkl `eti` `vei k"`e ,l"kr ,(w'ece ezexib ipdn `lc zeevnd zlaw oi`y mixaeqd oia meyxb epax mby .zakrn

zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y c"ix 'qezn `"hily oex`ea oeiv 'x oe`bd weic
zeevnd zrced oi`y mdn rnyny mipey`xdn mb k"` azk okle ,zeevnd zlaw inp oicd `ed ,llk zakrn oke ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y c"ix 'qez zrcy wiicy izi`x oke ,zenewn dnka `"ahixd ixacn gken `"ahixd oeyln (b"r 'iq e"g) xdeh ixry xtqa xa e`l `kdc ohw xb oipra 'ky (`"r `"i) zeaezka jixvc b"r`e" 'k w"nyae akrn epi`e `ed drced hwp dnl dxe`kle ,'eke xyt`c `kid n"de "dlaw i`ce `l` ,ea jiiy dlaw ike drced oeyl wx `"ahixd eixace ,l"pd w"nhya y"nke dfl df oia wlgn epi`y . dfa mipekp
6

('e 'iq c"ei) a"g oex`ea oeiv ixry z"eyae ,o`kn micnl epivnp t"kr :l"fe ('k ze`a) azk epi` zay zevn edericed `l m`y l"q 'qezdc zeevn zrced oi`y d`xp c"ix 'qezdne .akrn ,lirl ep`ady d"d oeyln p"kye .llk zakrn .l"kr zlaw oi`y xaeq m"anxdy azky g"adl dpde oi`y wx xikfd m"anxdy t"r` zakrn zeevnd zlaw oia dil ip`y `lc jgxk lr ,zakrn drcedd ,'nbd zehytke ,jd epiid lkde zeevnd zrcedl zeevn

c"ix 'qezn weic zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn

gken g"adn oia lcad oi`y dlawl drced x`al yi ok k"`e mipey`xd zrca zrcedy eazky `l zeevn zakrn

zeevn zlaw oi`y o"anxd cinlz sqei xa ozp epax zrc egxk lr `linn zeevnd lka xbd aiigzn dliahe dlin ici lre ,zakrn
,oepi` `vtg xeqi` e`l zexifp ixcpe" :l"fe i"apx lr xq` `l xifpd ixdy ,oepi` `xab xeqi` `l` ,o"anxd cinlz sqei xa ozp epaxl iz`vn oke mya (`"r f"i) sc mixcpl zvaewn dhiya `aed
i"apx oeyl o"anxd cinlz

. . , ".

.6


la` .jxe`a mdixaca oecp onwle ,mipey`x cere lke ,cala dliahe dlin i"r ziyrp ,zexbd mvr ,eteba dl`k miaeyg miyrn dyry lahe lny epi`e ,zeevnd z` egxk lr `linn lawn `ed ixd mvrn miraep md `l` ,ezlaw i` e` ezlawa ielz oe`bd azk ef dxcbdke ,xb zeidl epevxe ezxcbd lew zaiyi iy`xn `"hily xbplx` mdxa` 'x `"r `"i sc zeaezkl mdxa` zkxa extqa dxez oke ,c"a zrc lr eze` oiliahny ohw xb iab ,onwl e`aede zeaiyi iy`x daxd cer eazk dliahde ,yi`a dliahde dlind `id zexbd xwiry mvrn egxk lr lg zeevna aeigde ,dyi`a cala xq`p l`xyi `edy in lky ,l`xyie xbk ezxcbd mxq` `l m` s` dizeevna deevne dxez ixeqi`a .envr lr


iwegn `l` ,oiid z` `le miaprd z` `l envr ,xifp zeidl envra mc` lawy ciny `ed zexifpd ciny ,xiibzpyny inl dnec ,elld mixaca xq`p `l` ,eilr mxq`iy ilan dxez ixeqi` lka xq`p ixeqi`a xq`p ,l`xyi `edy in lky oicd iwegn `veid lr deevn xifpd jke ,dizeevna deevne dxez .l"kr ,"otbd on zakrn zeevn zlawy dil `xiaqc `zi` i`e law xba `d ,xifpl xb dncn cvik k"` ,zexbd `l` ,mda aiigzp jkitle ,`icdl zeevnd eilr llka dielz zexbd oi`y ,i"apxl l"qc i`ce ile` xbd rizxdl wx `ed mpiipry ,zeevn zlawa e` ,(a"r f"n) zenaia x`eank xiibzi `le yexti ,xiibzn did `l mrcei did m`y orhi `ly ick (f"hw) dyrz `l zeevn b"nqd oeyln x`eank
eixacn dgked zlaw oi`c l"qc zakrn zeevn zexbd

)( , , (`"r f"i mixcpl zvaewn dhiya o"anxd cinlz sqei xa ozp epax) .

... , . (e"t 'iq c"g f"acxd z"ey)


('k 'iq zn` zxez z"eya oeyy `"xdn)

zakrn zevn zlaw oi`y s"ixd zhiy


"dzecpl dlah `l in"a mipey`xd zwelgn

azk oke .l"kr ,dliahl `l la` ,zevnd zlawl epiid opirac `d l"ie :l"fe ,(`"l oniq ulegd wxt) y"`xd .l"kr ,dliahl `l la` zevnd zlawl epiid ,dyly
'qezdn dler zeevn zlawy oklye zakrn 'ba `l 'ba dliah zakrn

,m"anxde s"ixd mr y"`xde 'qezd ewlgp dpd dicar :mzd `zi`c ,(:dn sc) zenaia `ibeqd xe`iaa myl miakek zcaer `iddl dlah` in` xa `iig iaxc .dzxaae da ixeyk`l `pliki :sqei ax xn` ,`zzp` .dzecpl dlah `l in :iq` ax xn`c ,iq` axck da cled ,l`xyi za lr `ad care miakek caer ,dzxaa :iq` ax xn` ,`ziinx` xa dil exw eedc `edd .xyk ,d`nx` xa dil exw eedc `edd .dzecpl dlah `l in .k"r ,eixwl lah `l in :l"aix xn` onwl xn`c dniz :l"fe ,(in d"ca) 'qezd eywde ,'eke dia aizk "htyn"c dyly jixv xbc (:en sc) 'it`e) dliah zrya odnr yi` `iadl miyp jxc oi`e ,dyly opirac i`d l"ie ,evxze .(o`k did `l cg`

'qezd zwelgn mr y"`xde m"anxde s"ixd zcaer `idda dlahy miakek `zzpi` myl

,zakrn dylya zeevn zlawy mdixacn x`eane oaen dzre .zakrn dpi` dylya dline dliah mle` ipy z` ('b sirq g"qx 'iq c"ei r"ya) oxn sxiv recn zakrn `l dliahy oicd z` ,'it) mzrca cgia mipicd df miielz md ik ,(zakrn ok zeevn zlawe dylya dpi` dylya dliahy y"`xde 'qezl l"qy oeiknc ,dfa `l ine dzcpl dlah `l inc ,`ibeqdn gkenck zakrn ipta zeevn zlawy xnel md migxken okl ,eixwl lah 'x xn`y dn z` cinrp dn lr k"l`c ,zakrn dyly .dia aizk "htyn"c dyly jixv xby opgei

'qezd ziiyew y"`xde

mvexz

l"pd `iyewd lr s"ixd uexiz


dne ,dligzklk dicicl aiyge leahl oiicr leki ,erxf itlk epiid ,akrn `l caricay s"ixd azky mpic okl ,miebk mdy ixd ,ezliah z` leqtp m`y .[akrn `le carick
zrclc dgked zlaw oi` s"ixd zakrn zeevn

mb dywd ,'nbd zibeq lr l"pd `iyewk dpde opgei iaxc `idd jl `iyw i`e :l"fe (:eh sc) s"ixd l"iwe ,dia aizk htyn h"n dyly jixv xb xn`c ryedi iaxce iq` axc `d ,`iyw `l .`id `zkldc lahe li`ed ,dixal opilqt `lc `ed caric ,iel oa myl lah ded `l ,`ed `xeib e`l i`c ,eixw myl bdpn dia opibdp `lc ,dligzkl ,opgei 'xc `de ,eixw ,'b ipta liahc cr l`xyi za dil opiaqpn `le xb dliaha oia) xba dyly jixvy dn lk ,'it .l"kr 'it` ,carica la` ,dligzkl wx `ed ,(xac lka oiae jixv dfd xbd ,jkitle .xyk envr oial epia `l lah `ly onf lke ,dyly ipta leahl dligzkl eclepy oeik ,eicli oiprl ok` .l`xyi za el mi`iyn .l`xyi oick mpice ,carica mditlk aiyg ,xak dliah zakrny s"ixd zrca oxn azky dn f"tle] cinz ik ,akrn dfc ,envr xbd lr dpeekd ,dylya

s"ixd oeyl

z` `ivedl s"ixd wgcp recn a"v dxe`kle opgei 'x xn`y dnc xnele dzehytn 'nbd zibeq oic wx `ed ,"dia aizk htyn dyly jixv xb" `edy rnyne ,`xwn dl yixc opgei 'x `d ,dligzkl wlgl jiiy ji`e ,opaxcn wx `le dxezdn xenb oic uxzl s"ixl dide .carical dligzkl oia dfa zlaw dzid xaky ecinrdy y"`xde 'qezd uexizk zeevn zlawy l"q s"ixdc l"ve .dyly ipta zeevn wwcfpy daqd `id `l` ,zexbd zelgn wlg dpi` ly df oic `iad `ly dnn gkencke ,df xbl llk dlind xikfd wxe ,zexbdn wlgk zeevn zlaw zeevn lawiy dn lirei `l ,oky oeike .dliahde

eixac xe`a

oxn ixac xe`a zrca r"eyd dliahy s"ixd zakrn 'ba

, " , " ., , .

.7


l"qc y"`xde 'qezd uexizn icp okle ,dline dliah
oeiqpd ziigc

-
i` envr oial epia dyri dliahd z`e dyly ipta mewn did ok` .carica 'it` akrn "htyn"c `nip i`w "htyn"c s"ixd xaqc xnele ,df gxkd zegcl lr oiae zeevn zlaw lr oia zexbd ipipr lk lr
zigcl oeiqp ef dgked

jyndn mle` .zeevn zlaw lr wx i`w "htyn"y x`azi ,s"ixd zrca mipey`xd zehiya epixac .xwird `ed epazky oey`xd uexizdy

o"anxd uexize s"ixd lr mipey`xd ziyew


dligzklc meyn ,dyly ipta lahc cr l`xyi .l"kr ,'eke dliaha oia dlawa oia dyly opira
uexz xe`a o"anxd

iwenp `"ahix `"ayx o"anx) mipey`xd eywde (.fn sc) onwl ixdc ,s"ixd zhiy lr (cere sqei mipte`a) envr oial epia xiibzpy xn`y xb :`zi` s"ixd azek cvike ,xb epi` ,(ok xnel on`py o"anxd yxit ,ef `iyew jezne .xb ied caricay zeevn zlaw iabc xnel xyt`e :l"fe ,xg` ote`a ,dia aizk "htyn"c ,carica elit` dyly jixv epi` o`k s` ,oic odipic oi` epcy mipy mzd dn oiyper zvwn edericedy in la` ,carica elit` xb ,lenle leahl c"aa eilr laiwe oxky ozne zevn ly xyk df ixd ,c"a ipta `ly lahe lne jld m` za dicicl dil opiaqpn `le ,dirxfl opilqt `le

o"anxd ziiyew s"ixd lr

mr l"pd 'qezd uexizk o"anxd zpeek zehytae zlawa akrn dyly r"ekly xn`w ikde ,ztqez o"anxd siqen wxe ."htyn" miiwzn dfae ,zeevn leahl xbd jixv okle ,dyly jixv dliaha mby erxf iab wxe ,dyly ipta dliah miiwl ick aey dliahdy opixn` ,eclep xak ik ,carica aiygy zrck `id ef dtqede) ,zakrn `l dyly ipta did m`y mixaeqy 'qezd ixack `ly dfe .(s"ixd oial epia dzid dliahde ,zeevnd zlawa dyly .aey leahl jixv oi` ,envr

o"anxd yexit

dnvr ipta dhiy e` s"ixd zrca `ed o"anxd uexiz m`d


xn`p ji`e ,akrn epi` carica la` ,dligzkl wx `ed erxf leqtl 'it` zakrn dylya zeevn zlawy ezrca .r"ve ,"htyn" aezky meyn
mipey`xd zpad oi`y mipexg`de o"anxd zpeek s"ixd z` ayiil dhiy ef `l` dnvr ipta

'qezd zexaq z` o"anxd xaigy s` ,zehytae oi`e dnvr ipta dhiy `ed evexiz n"n ,cgia s"ixde melk xikfd `l s"ixd ixdc ,s"ixd zrca xe`ia df ceqi xwir df o"anxd ixaca eli`e) ,zeevn zlawn ,ok rnyn `l dxe`kl `"ayxd oeyln ok` .(uexizd ,l"f iqtl` axd ixac cinrdl x"p o"anxd azk :l"fe eli`e ,dliaha oia dlina oia dyly jixv dligzklc ,xb epi` carica elit` ,ixnbl envr oial epia xiibzp dilr liaw i` la` ,dia aizk htync ,`ed xenb iebe epick zevn zvwn edericede leahle lenl dyly ipta "carica" `ed xb ,envr oial epia lah e` lne jlde opiaqpn `l dicicl la` ,dirxfl opilqt `le (l"vk) .l"kr ,dligzkl l`xyi za `a o"anxdy cenll `"ayxd zpeek ef m` mle` minkqen `"ayxd ixac oi` k"` ,s"ixd zrc z` x`al c`n dywy dn caln z`fe .(x`apy enke) mipey`xa ipta zeevn zlaw dzidy s"ixd uexiza qinrdl .llk z`f xikfd `l s"ixd ixdc ,akrn dfye dyly ,"htyn"n micnely dn lky rnyn epeylny cere

d`ia ixeqi` zekldn b"it) cibnd axd ixacn mb ixac z` e`iady ,(i"d) my fer lcbnde ,(h"d ipta uexiz md o"anxd ixacy l"qy x`ean ,o"anxd z` uxzl mi`a mpi`e ,'nbd zibeq lr `iyewl envr d`x `l jkitle :l"fe ,azk fer lcbnae) ,s"ixd zrc .(miwleg mdy ixde ,[s"ixd ly] eixac z` [o"anxd] oke ,('k oniq) oeyy `"xdn z"eya mb x`ean oke o"anxde :l"fe ,(a"i oniq `"g) al oa i"xdn z"eya elit`c ,xingdl zxg` dhiy el qtez ,l"f (l"vk) zlawy micr jixv ,dixal opilqt `lc ikid carica cibnd axd azky enke ,'eke c"a ipta dzid zevnd oxd` dhn gxt z"eya mb azk oke .l"kr ,enya dpyn iwenipd 'it`e .ibilt o"anxde s"ixdy ,(`"p oniq a"g) miiq ,o"anxd uexizk dligza uxizy (:eh sc) sqei wlgl md evxizy enk ,l"f s"ix zrc edine :l"fe azke `ly carica eixwl lah m`y ,dligzkl caric oia

`"ayxd oeyln zpeekc d`xp ayiil o"anxd oi`e s"ixd zhiy ipta dhiy ef dnvr

zpad lr ddinz zpeeka `"ayxd o"anxd

ixi`nd zxaq `id oke .l"kr ,dixal opilqt `l ,c"aa oia wlgn s"ixdy ,(:gq sc) zayae (:dn zenaia) ipta zevn zlaw akrn oi`e ,caricae dligzkl .dyly gikedl yi ,(`"l oniq seqa) y"`xd ixaca 'it`e opira dligzklc azk l"f qtl` axe :l"fe azky ,ok ipta liahc cr l`xyi za dil opiaqpn `lc dyly lah `l m` dixal opilqt `l carica la` ,dyly ,(g"qx oniqa) xehd eixg` jynp oke .l"kr ,'b ipta ln e` lahy carica elit` qtl` axle :l"fe azky
xehde y"`xd mb s"ixa epiad wlgl ezpeeky zexbl dliaha oia ,'b ipta dligzkl caricl

la` ,zil`xyia xeq`e akrn ,dlila e` mipy ipta ,dil opilqt `l ,oa dpnn cilede zil`xyi `yp m` eheytk s"ixd uexiz z` epiady x`eane .l"kr z` etiqed `le ,carica oiae dligzkl oia wlgny zeevn zlaw dzid t"kry ,o"anxd azky ztqezd s"ixd oeyl zehytl ep` mixfeg k"`e ,dyly ipta `ed ,"htyn"n cnly opgei 'x ly epic lky azky micen xehde y"`xd mby `vnp `linne ,dligzkl wx zakrn dyly ipta zeevn zlaw oi`y s"ixd zrca .carica

'b miakrn oi`y s"ixd zrca miyxtn mipey`xd aex y"`xde 'qezd lr wleg s"ixdy r"eyd oxn zrc `id oke ,zeevn zlawa
r"eya oxn ixac g"qx 'iq c"ei xe`ae 'b sirq dxe`kl ezpeek

`iad ,('b sirq g"qx) 'iq c"ei r"eya oxn dpde ,y"`xde 'qezd zrc lr ztqezk s"ixd zrc z` zeevn zlawy wx `ly ,ezpeek x`al yi dxe`kle .dyly ipta dliah jixv mb `l` ,zakrn dyly ipta o"anxd zhiy `id ef ,jxe`a o`k x`aznl ok` zeevn zlawy l"q `le wleg s"ixd la` ,evexiza ixac lky l"q `l` ,erxf leqtl 'it` zakrn dylya

`"ayxd wxy ,dzr cr epixacn micnl ep`vnp zhiy z` cinrdl `ed o"anxd uexizy l"qc `ed xnel ezpeek m`d ltltl yi eixaca mbe .s"ixd z` cinrn wxy e` ,s"ixa eixac z` qipkn o"anxdy oipra carical dligzkl oia wligy s"ixd zhiy o"anxd siqed `dc ,evexizk l"q `l la` ,dliahd `l dfe ,dyly ipta zeevn zlaw dligzn did t"kry ,wtzqdl epl yi `"ayxd ixacay oeike .s"ixa xkfp mdy `icdl x`ean ,ep`ady mipey`xd x`y ixacae dxe`kly `xaqn epgked mbe ,miwlege micxtp mivexiz ipta zeevn zlawy xeaqi s"ixdy xnel xyt` i` ycigy opgei 'x ixacy l"q ixdc ,zakrn dyly `le dligzkl wx md ,dyly eidiy cr akrny zlawy `id s"ixd zrcy mikqdl lkepy ixd .carica wleg `ede ,carica zakrn dpi` dyly ipta zeevn .y"`xde 'qezd lr dfa

s"ixd ixac xe`a mipey`xd t"r

df xe`a ziigc

zpeek oi` f"tl r"eya oxn mb 'b opirac zeevn zlawa dliaha mbe

i` k"`e ,dligzkl wx md ,akrn "htyn"y opgei 'x siqedl ezpeeky s"ixd zrca oxn xeaqiy xnel xyt` ipta dliah mby xingdle y"`xde 'qezd ixac lr ,(erxf lr `le envr xbd lr epiidc) zakrn dyly onwl gikepy dn caln dfe .wleg s"ixd jgxk lrc ixd oxne ,y"`xde 'qezd lr bilt i`ce m"anxdy ic yi dfae] .m"anxd zhiyl s"ixd zhiy z` deyd seq) cec dpg zixw z"eya azky dn zegcl ick .[(e"h oniq dlin zekld

m"anxl mb l"q jk s"ixd zhiyk


m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita h"d

b"it) m"anxd ixac z` wizrp z`f oiadl icke depi`xy zxeib :l"fe azky (h"d d`ia ixeqi` zekldn dzcpl leahzy oebk ,cinz l`xyi ikxca zbdep bdepy xb oke ,dfa `veike dzqirn dnexz yixtze el` ixd ,zevnd lk dyere eixwl laehy l`xyi ikxca iptl oicirny micr my oi`y t"r`e ,wcv ixb zwfga oi` ,l`xyia axrzdl e`a m` k"tr`e .exiibzpy in

,fer lcbndn d`xp oke ,ixi`nde cibnd axd dpde oniq `"g) l"aixdn z"eyae (g"qx oniqa) g"ade i"ade zqpk ixeiya 'r] cere (a - a"v oniq `"g) g"p`xde ,(a"i cer sq`y ,('h ze` sqei zia zedbd g"qx oniq) dlecbd s"ixd zrc z` zeeydl l"q edlek ,[dfa mixacnd on ,df sirqa epgleya o`k oxn ixaca x`eank ,m"anxde .zg` drcl m"anxde s"ixd ixac z` deeydy

daxd zrc mipey`x mipexg`e s"ixdy mieey m"anxde mzrca


exiibzp `ly yegl xyti` ikid :ixn`w ikd ,"dlah mil`xyik zevnd lka mibdep md ixde ,ie`xk (dzcple eixwl) dliahe ,oz`nehn milaehe mixenb jixvy xaeq epiaxy ok mb xyt`e ,`wec e`l ,hwpc dliahdy itl ,xac dfi`l elahy i`ce rceiy k"b `a m`y ,epiax x`ia k"tr`e .zexbd ipiiprn cg` zekldae .di`x `iadl jixv l`xyia axrzdl ixacl mdixac miaexwe .'eke exn` (l"pd s"ixd) .l"kr ,epiax

-
,epipta elahiy cr e` micr e`iaiy cr mze` oi`iyn .l"kr ,m"ekr ewfgede li`ed zxeib :l"fe ,cibnd axd eixac lr

azke

eedc `edd ,my .'eke l`xyi ikxca zbdep depi`xy dlah `l in iy` ax xn` ,`ziinx` xa dil exw l"aix xn` ,d`nx` xa dil exw eedc `edd .dzecpl `edy epiax ixacn d`xpe .eixwl liah `l ine e` ,xn`w eclep xaky mipad xiykdlc ,yxtn `l in" ixn`w ike ,mixenb mixb zwfga owifgdl

axd oeyl my cibnd

s"ixd zhiya ixi`nd ixac


,m"anxdl s"ixd ixac oia xywd z` oiadle oicn s"ixd lr mipey`xd ziyew dfa zayein cvike ixi`nd oeyl z` wizrp ,envr oial epia xiibzpy xb `ly ,evxiz (s"ixd) miwqetd ilecbe :l"fe ,oiibeqa oibdep oi`y l"x ,dligzkl `l` dyly jixv exn` cr l`xyi zepa dligzkl e`iydl l`xyi bdpn ea iptay micra xxaziy e` dyly ipta exiibziy .edl opilqt `l ,carica la` ,exiibzp dyly `edda (.fn sc) dhnl exn`y dnn mdilr miywne jixacl el exn`e ,invr oial ipia izxiibzp xn`c l`xyi eixacl daxc`e ,iebl zecr oi`e dz` ieb dy`l xne`da (.aq sc) oiyeciw zkqna oke ,`ed e`l xb" exn` ,ixiibzzy xg`l il zycewn z` ixd xnii ine ,dyly jixv `dc xnelk ,"`ed ecia s"ixd ixack) `zi` m`e ,`pic ia dil iwwcfinc lkne .ecia inp xb ,(dyly ila liren caricay (s"ixd ,miwqetd ilecb ly) mpeyln d`xp mewn dligzklc ,(epziibeq yexita) mzpeek `id jky wfged xake li`ed ,l`xyi bdpn bdep edepi`x elit` epi` ,dyly ipta xiibzpy xne` `edy t"r` ,ieba `iaiy cr ,l`xyi zaa ed`iypy dligzkl on`p azky enk dyly ipta aey leahiy e`) micr zecra eixac lr oikneq micr `lay t"r`e ,(s"ixa oiprl ,mixac x`ye oixeqi` oipra ezbdpd oiprl lk oi`iven qpk elit`e ,xxaiy cr `wec oi`eyip
s"ixd ixac xe`a ixi`nd t"r `iany diyewd ixac lr ixi`nd s"ixd ixi`nd oeyl a"r d"n zenaia

z` oilqet oi` cilede `yp m` la` ,ciled `ly z` e` eiexiwl laeh eia` z` epi`xy xg`n ,epa exiibzp xaky mze` oiwifgn ,dzcpl zlaeh en` ,'it) zebdpd x`ya oicd `ed df zrcle ,dyly ipta 'it` `l` ,dliaha bdep eia` z` epi`xy `wec e`l ,(oad lr migiken md zecdi ly zebdpd x`ya .l"kr
zhiy mekq xe`a itl s"ixd ixi`nd

,dyly ipta xiibzpy xne`a ixiin oiibeq ,'it mipin`n ep` oi` ,ieba epl wfgen did `edy oeikn ok` dpey dfae .(micr `iaiy cr) dy` e`iydl oiprl el ,envr oial epia xiibzpy xbc `ibeqn ocic `ibeq okl ,dyly ipta xiibzp `ly dcen `edy oeik myy mipey`xd ziyew zayiizn dfae) eixacl leqt `ed .(l"pd weica ,s"ixd zrc z` yxtn ixi`ndy `vnpe wfgen `ed m`y epiide .m"anxa cibnd axd yexitk dgiken eixwl ezliahy opixn` ,zexyk zwfga epl mle` .obedk dyly ipta ezexba lah i`cey epl enke) liren `ly ,invr oial ipia izxiibzp xne`a did `ly `kid ixiin ,('f dklda m"anxd wqty s"ixd zrc z` jxe`a yxit oke .zexyka epl wfgen .g"aa ,s"ixd zrca eixac z` zipy ixi`nd ltke xiibzpy xb xn`z `nye :(:gq sc seq) zaya l"fe

yxtn ixi`ndy m"anxd z` g"ade d"dk

mb x`azn oky ixi`nd ixacn a"r g"q zaya

. , " , .

.8


eazk 'qezd mb s"ixd zhiyk `"r f"n zenaia

zay oipr rci `ly xyt` j`id ,`din miebd oia zevn eze` miricene dyly jixv `ed ixde ,mlern xba xyt` .zenaia x`azdy enk ,zexenge zelw xikd `le ,c"a zrc lr eze` oiliahny ohw xn`y enke ,dyly `la xiibzp `ny e` .mlern my did `ly oeyld zernync) miebd oia xiibzpy carica la` ,dyly jixvy `ed dligzkle ,(l`xyi ilecb my ewqty jxcd lr ,envr oial epia 'it` cnly x`eane .l"kr ,(l"pd s"ixd epiide) miwqetd epiidc ,"htyn" jixvy dn lky ,eheytk s"ixa wx `ed dliahl oiae zeevn zlawl oia ,dyly .ipdn carica la` ,dligzkl

d"ca .fn sca) onwl 'qezd ef dhiy e`iad oke ,ipdn `ly envr oial epia xiibzpy xb iab ,(yi `wec epiid 'b opirac `d i` ,`din dnize :l"fe epiide .l"kr ,'eke xyk inp cg caric la` dligzkl dyly jixvy dn lky l"pd s"ixd zhiyk eyxity efd 'qezd zhiyy ,xirdl yi wx] .dligzkl wx `ed mby zehyta l"qy l"pd 'qezd zhiyl zxzeq d"ca :en sc seqa mdixacl xzeq oke ,akrn carica xak mle` .akrn dylyy my edl `hiyty htyn dnk i"r eazkp 'qezd ixacy ,millkd ilra epericed cg` 'qez ixacn zeywdl oi`e ,'qez ilra dnke .[edpynl

ixac xe`a 'qezd

l"pd 'qezd ixac z` mixzeq d"n sca mdixac a"r e"ne a"r

'qezd ixac dnk icia eazkp oi`e minkg zeywdl lr df mdixacn df

elrd zeaiyid iy`x ilecb zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y s"ixd zrca
s"ixd zrca xin zaiyi y`x l"vf lwpit dcedi xfril` 'x oe`bd zrc
miiwzp dikf oicne mc`l oikf dfa jiiyc opixn` i` jiiy `l dyrn lrc ,d`gn jiiy dn ,ycegn oic eteba xity ,zeevn zlaw ly i`pz yi m` `nlya ,aekr ly oiipr o`k yie ,zeevna dvex epi`y xnel jiiy y"l dliahe dlin lr la` ,zexbd dlha `linne d`gn oileki elicbd xn`c sqei axy jgxk lre ,d`gn xnel dia aizk "htyn"c 'b jixv xbc i"xk xaeq ,zegnl epiid ,"dzecpl dlah `l in" my sqei ax xn`wc dne) la` ("iq` ax xn` `l in" xn`wc iq` axc `ail` xity ,zeevn zlaw ira `lc iq` axk my wqtc s"ixd jiiy `lc ,zegnl oileki elicbd sqei axc `dl hinyd .c"kr .legzy dn lr dl oi`y ,d`gn o`k y`x l"vf lwpit dcedi xfril` 'x oe`bdl x"eye oky ,(c"v 'nr '` jxk) dpeaz uaewa ,xin zaiyi (a"r d"n) zenai 'qezae :l"fe s"ixd zrca dlrd opira `d ,"dzecpl dlah `l in" opixn`c `d` eywd jixv xbc onwl opgei 'x xn`ck dia aizk htync ,'b gkn giken my s"ixae ,zeevn zlawl dfc evxize ,'b rnyn ,dligzkl wx `ed 'b jixvc `dc ,ef `iyew dliahe dlinae ,`aekirl dpi` zeevn zlaw s"ixdlc oileki elicbd sqei ax xn`wc dn dywi f"tle ,ibq `kid wx `kiiy d`gnc ,d`gn oiipr jiiy dn ,zegnl ea o`nn `edy xninl jiiy ,dkef e` xac dfi` dpewc zexba la` ,mc`l oikf oicd lha `linne ,dvex epi`e
lwpit i"`xbd mb zrca dlrd oi`y s"ixd zeevn zlaw zakrn

s"ixd zrca dwcealq zaiyi y`x l"vf xy wifii` wgvi 'x oe`bd zrc
l"qe ,['qez`] bilt s"ixd la` :l"fe licbdyk ohwa zelgl akrn epi`e [zeevn zlaw] dligzkl `ed oicc liahdl milekic `"r g"n zenai opixn`cke] ,zexbd ,zeevn zvwn laiw xakc egxk lra exexgy xg` car sc) zeaezkl eiyecga mdxa` lde` xtqa k"ke l"vf xy wifii` wgvi 'x oe`bd mya `iady ,(`"r `"i `l zeevn zlawy ,s"ixd zrca ,dwcealq zaiyi y`x d`gn `ipdn `l i`n` ,f"tl x`iae ,zexbd zakrn
dlrd l"pk xy `"ixbd


,dil `gip `xwirne y`izdl cnr `lc rxtnl i`lbi` x`azpy enk `ed ,licbdyk d`gn ipdnc dn lke ezrca dlbne ,zexbd miiqle zeevnd lawl irayk wx df k"` ,zexbd lk zlhazne llk ira `lc rxtnl epi` zeevnd zlawc s"ixdl la` ,'qezd zhiyl ipdn `le dligza zekfa zexbd miizqp k"` ,akrn .w'ece ,ez`gn

-
,zeevnd lkl zyxetn dlaw opira `lc rnync `ipdn `l zexbd zekfac xity iz` k"`e ,[y"eri [`"r bk] oiyeciwa `"ayxd zrcke ,k"g` d`gn ,rci `l iekifd zryac `kid k"` ,`ed xenb zekfc `lc] rxtnl i`lbi` dfa opixn` `l ,dvxzp `l k"g`e zrcn `ly ye`ike ,xenb zekf did rxtnlc ,[zekf ied opixn` `l ,seqal y`inc s`c ,oniq ea yiy xaca

s"ixd zrca dwcealq zaiyi y`x l"vf onley ikcxn 'x oe`bd zrc
myl eyrp m` dliahde dlind n"n ,zexbda i`pz `ed ,zeevn zlaw k"g` did `l m` s` irwt `l ez ,zexb myl dliahe dlin dzid ixd zeix` ixbac l"i k"`e elawiy dry lke ,zeevnd zlawa xqgy wxe zexb md miaiig ile`e ,jk ici lr zxnbp mzexb ,zeevn ,l`xyi oic mdl oi` elaiw `ly lkc `l` ,zeevn lawl b"nyz) l`xyi zqpk uaewa mixacd epype .c"kr mb ayiil xyt` ,l"pd lk xe`le :l"fe (b"k cenr xyt`c ,zegnl oilekic sqei ax ixacl s"ixd zhnyd (a"r c"k) zenaia mi`pzd zwelgn yxtn s"ixdc xnel zlaw i` ibiltc ,`l e` mixb eed m` ,zeix` ixba y"nxbdl xexae heytc ixd ,y"r c"kr ,zakrn zeevn .zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y s"ixd zrca odiky in) ,l"vf onley ikcxn 'x oe`bd epzg k"ke ,s"ixd zrca ,(eixg` wxa ipaa dwcealq zaiyi y`xk s"ixdy dn lr ,158 'nr a"i dxez ly dxe`n uaewa ohw xb"c `ped ax ixac z` `iad (ulegd wxt zenaia) sqei ax ixac la` "c"a zrc lr eze` oiliahn y"nxbd df lr azke ,hinyd "zegnl oileki elicbd"c yxtn s"ixdc xnel xyt`c ,eixac okez dfe l"pd eed m` zeix` ixba (a"r c"k zenaia) mi`pzd zwelgn ,zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw i` ibiltc ,`l e` mixb ,mixb eed `l k"re zakrn zeevn zlawc l"q ongp 'xe `l zeevn zlawc l"qc meyn ,mixb eedlc l"iwc op`e miyrpd dliahde dlindc ,l"i dfa xe`iade .zakrn zeevn zlawc s` ,zeevn zlawa `ilz `l zexb myl
dlrd l"pk onley n"xbd

s"ixd zrca l"vf ipexag dyn mdxa` 'x oe`bd ixac zeevnd lr aiigzn `linne dliahe dlin `l` zexbd mvr zeevn zlaw oi`y
i`c ,`linnc oipr `ed zeevn zlawe ,zenaia `ibeqd iede l`xyi zeidl dvex epi`y epiid k"` lawn `l s"ixd oi`c ,'qezdl enk dlaw jixvy `l la` ,k"ra zlawe m"ekr llkn z`vl `ed dliahe dlinc xaeq zca qpkdl wx zexb oipr `l` ,dxezd zlaw ied zevn hxt `l `ed dlawde ,dliahe dlina ,dnae ,l`xyi zeidl dvex epi`y epiid lawn `l i`c ,`linn `l` zekfc oeik eliahdl mileki c"ay ohwa okl ,l`xyi ly oipr `dc ,lcbiyk jixv `l zeevn zlawe ,el `ed oevx epiid `l` epi`c s"ixdl epx`ia zeevn zlaw ohwa la` ,egxk lra ied dvex epi` m`y xiibzdl `linn ,egxk lra ied `le zekf mrhn eze` oiliahny azk a"eike .c"kr .lcbiyk zeevn zlaw jixv oi` .y"r (g"n 'iq) oiyeciwl dyn z`yn extqa ipexag dyn mdxa` iax oe`bd ixaca x`ean oke lr dyn z`yn extqa ,oexag zaiyi y`x l"vf xicbdl jixve :eixac el`e e"d a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd ,m"ekr llkn `vi dliahe dlinac ,'qezdl zexb oipr k"g`e ,dliahe dlina gp ipa llkne e`vi l`xyiy enk ,zeevnd lawl jixv xb jk ,da eaiigzpe dxezd elaw `l laiw `l m`e ,dxezd zlawk ied dlawd elv`y uxzl xyt` ,df icil ep`ay eiykre .zevna aiigzp dfae ,oixcdpq 'qezdk `"i zeaezka 'nbd yxti s"ixdc dpdc ,lcbiyk zeevn zlaw jixvc sqei 'xk xaq `l ,'b ipta zeevn zlawc oiyeciwe zenaia ixaq 'qezd zlawc ediizhyl 'qezdc ,ok xaq `l s"ixd ok` la` .zeevnd lawl oikixvy zexba hxt `ed zeevn zehytk dliahe dlina wx dyrp xbc xaeq s"ixd
dlrd l"pk ipexag m"`xbd

i"aa azky enke m"anxde s"ixd zrca dpyn cibnd zrck oxn zxaq
carica elit` m"anxdle s"ixdle :l"fe ,r"eya oxn xeq`e akrn dlila e` mipy ipta ln e` lahy oa dpnn cilede zil`xyi `yp m` la` ,zil`xyia i"aa o`k exe`ia t"r `ed .l"kr ,dil opilqt `l lah `l in"c `ibeqd zpada m"anxde s"ixd zrca y"`xde 'qezd uexizk evxiz `l mdy dnnc ."eixwl lky l"qc gken ,zakrn dyly ipta zeevn zlawy epi` carica la` dligzkl wx `ed "htyn" oic .akrn s"ixd zhiy `id dn xxazpy xg`

dzre

epiide ,ediinirce ixi`nde cibnd axd itl m"anxde wxe carica akrn epi` "htyn"c edieexzl l"qc ewqta oxny xexa .zakrn dyly ipta dliah ,sqei ziaa e`ay eixac lr jnzqn xedhd epgleya cibnd axd yexit z` wx s"ixd zrca `iad mye dwzrdd jeza yexit cerk `iad o"anxd yexit z`e) s"ixd ixac lr azke ,(cibnd axd ixac z` wizrdy azkc dnc epl ixd .m"anxd ixac md dfa `veiky

r"yae i"aa oxn yextk yxtn ixi`nde d"d s"ixd zrca m"anxde

a"i sirql 'b sirq oia g"qx 'iq r"eyd ixaca dxe`kl yiy dxizqd aeyi
df uexz ziigca `ed mb zrce mrh aeha jix`dy .l"nk`e
wlg uexz ziigc epipnf ipexg`n zlaw oia wlgl zeevnd mzrcedl

z` ayiil eazk epipnf ipexg`n daxd dpde a"i sirq oia ,r"yd ixaca dxe`kl yiy dxizqd dn oial zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y m"anxdk wqty zrck zakrny zeevnd zlawn ueg 'b sirqa azky zrced oia wlgl yiy ,epipnf ipexg` eazke ,'qezd zakrn drcedd oi` mpn`y ,zeevnd zlawl zeevnd zillk dlaw zeevnd lk eilr lawiy t"kr jixv la` ce`n denz xacd zn`ae ,mrcei epi`y oia mrceiy oia eywzpe ,lawi dn f` xb iede melk edericed `l m`c .mipexg`d dfa ce`n azky a"iqa oxn oeyla wcwcl azk xi`n ziaae wx ,dzid dnvr drcedd t"krc ,oypere zeevnd xky .dzid `l xkyd zrced `icdl yxtn m"anxa ixdy ,oekp epi` df 'ize migewl r"ya oxn ixace ,"zeevnd edericed `l m`" cer izkx`d ,df wxt seqa onwle ,m"anxd ixacn uiaewxa axd ixac z` iz`ade ,df uexz ziigca

mnvra mipexg`d eyibxd oey`xd uexizl xy`ae (c"v 'iq) c"ei awri lbi z"eya y"nke ,ezeyilwa epiid y"`xe 'qeze q"yay zeevnd zlawc xnel wgecc l`xyi ipay zeevnd lk miiwl `nzqa eilr lawiy dfe zeevnd dl` dnd dn eil` rced ila s` miniiwn .r"ve miiqe ,carica elit` akrn

ipexg` aeyi dxizql epipnf dxe`kl yiy g"qx 'iq r"eya 'b sirq oia a"i sirql

izin`d xaqdd oxn ixac zpada ipya r"eyd mitirqd

zwelgn yiy ,`id dpekpde ziyilyd jxcd la` zlaw m` m"anxde s"ixd oial y"`xde 'qezd oia icenr ixzk ycewa ekxck wqt oxne ,zakrn zeevnd okle ,m"anxde s"ixd mdy mdixg` jynpy d`xedd dzid `ly dliahy m"anxde s"ixdlc 'b sirqa l"q edfe ,zakrn dpi`y 'qezdk `ly ,zakrn ,'b ipta zeidl zaiig okle xwird `id dliahd ezrcly meyn (xac eze` mdy) mzrcede zeevnd zlaw la` ,'ba .zeakrn mpi`

xi`n ziad aeyi

uexz ziigc xi`n ziad

envr ipta byen oi` m"anxd zrcl zeevnd zrcedl cinz qgiizn `ed `l` zeevn zlaw ly
m"anxd ixde ,ok azk zn`a okide ,zakrn zeevnd dfy g"ad oiany `l` ,drcedl qgia `l` jk azk `l
x`ean df xac oeyla mb mipey`xd epze eaxry zeevn zlaw zeevn zrcede iccd icda

zeevnd zrced oia wlgl oey`xd uexizd xwirae xikfd `l m"anxd ik yibcdl aeyg ,zeevnd zlawl wx ,envr ipta byenk zeevnd zlaw byend z` zenzqe ,eze` oiricene 'nbd oeylke ,zeevnd zrced dpi` dlawd mb zakrn dpi` drcedd m`y ,ezpeek zlaw oi`y azk m"anxdy g"ad azk okle ,zakrn

sqei iwenpd oeyla yxtl jixv jk okle ,jd epiid edericed `l m`y `zeeaxc `xaqc y"na i"aa `aedy dpyi dhiyd oeyl ,`ed jkl dgkede ,akrn epi` ira xbc b"r`" :'ky (a"r `"i) zeaezk w"nhya

oi` m"anxdl `a zeevn zlaw envr ipta xack xywda wx `l` zrced ly zeevnd


dpi` zeevnd zlaw mby migiken dpyi dhiyd 'x zpad `id oky xnel jixv oke .y"r ,`aekirl zeevnd zlawy w"nhyd lra envr ifpky` l`lva dn `l` lawn epi`e cg` xac `ed mzrcede .w"nhya iccd icda edpipze edpiaxr okle ,edericedy

-
'ig oeyl oiire "xyt`c `kid ilin ipd ,zeevn zlaw mewn lky ,`vi elek llkd lr cnlle ,`"ahixd d"d ,akrn epi` edericed `l m`y mipey`xa aezky oxn k"ke ,xwire llk zeevn zlaw mey dzid `ly ixacy ('f ze`) t"rayez uaewa ezaeyza i"rxbd

zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y xacd mrha


dna f` ,miiwl ayeg epi`e rceie xiibzn m` y"ke meiw `id dxe`kl zecdid xwir ixde ,icedi `ed cvik mneiw ila s` e` mniiwl dpeek ilae ,zeevnd zlawy mipexg` dnk zxcbdke ,ef zexb lirez on dnk eazk okle ,dzedne zexbd znyp `id zeevnd z` mixiyknd md od dliahde dlindy mipexg`d dyecwde ,l`xyi mr zyecw lawl ie`x zeidl mc`d eribd okle ,`aeh dfa ekix`d xy`k ,zeevna `id llk xiibzp `l ,zevnd laiw `l m`y dpwqnl epiivyk epipnf inkgn mipaxd mze`le ,xwire cvl wx mzpeek oi` ,zeevnd laiw `l m` mdixaca oevxde dpeekd l"x `l` ,zeevnd zlaw ly ilnxetd oi`y xne`y inl x`al jixv okle ,zeevnd meiwl okzi cvik dfa mzxaq dn zakrn zeevnd zlaw ?zeevn meiw ila icedi zeidl aexy wtq lkl lrn gkedy s` lr

dpd

zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y zehyta ihwp mipey`xd dlindy oeeik zeevnd lawy `la xiibzp 'it`e ,zexba n"n ,`ilrn xb ied zexbe zecdi myl eyrp dliahde yxtny inl `iran `l ,dfa mrhd dn x`al jixv ,mniiwl zeaiigzde zrc zexinb epiid zeevnd zlawy opira t"krc wx ,ok yxtn oi`y inl 'it` `l` lr lawiy xnelk ,zeevnd zrced lawny xidviy 'qezd ixac hytke ,zeevne dxez ler c"a ipta envr zlawl epiid zexba xen`d htync (a"r d"n) zenaia ,envr lr lawny dlaw didiy jixv t"kr ,zeevnd zlawd oi`y ixaqc mipey`xdy xacd oekp zn` oial xiibzpy xb ziibeqn ok ewiic ,zakrn zeevn cere `"ahixd y"nke (a"r g"q zay) miebd ,zeevndn melk rcei epi`e xiibzp m` n"n ,mipey`x

mixaeqd zrcl zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn zeidl okzi cvik zlaw ila icedi ?zeevn

zeevn zlaw oi`y mixaeqd mipexg`de mipey`xd lk zrcly d`xp dzrn eilr `xwi l`xyi myy dna `id zecdil dqipkd xwir zakrn
,jepg zgpnde ,oeyy `"xdn ,g"p`xdnd ,zvaewn envr qipkny dna `id zecdid xwiry mixaeq ,cere ,zecdi myl laehe lny i"r xnelk ,"l`xyi" xcba ,icedid mrl qpkil `ae ,enre zncewd ezc afere .zexbd xwir edf ,`xwi "l`xyi" dzrne ,s"ixd :mpiiv`e ,ok miwqetd lky

d`xpe

,dpyi dhiyd ,`"ahixd ,o"xd ,i"yx ,m"anxd epaxe m"xdn 'qez ,c"ix 'qez ,meyxb epax ,o"anxd xa ozp epax ,ixi`nd ,dpyn cibnd ,iiga epax ,uxt dhiyd ,r"eyd ,i"ad ,f"acxd ,o"anxd cinlz sqei

mixaeqd zrcl zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn zecdil dqipkd `xwiy dna `id l`xyi my eilr

dzrn eilr `xwi l`xyi myy dna `id zexbd xwiry df ceqi l"vf oilaeln odkd wecv epiax eig`n lecbd odkd ixaca `icdl x`ean
mzenilya eixac wizr`e ,(c"p ze`) `lnd wicvd
wecv epax oeyl extqa odkd zwcv mqxetnd wicvd

ik ,jgexa ldaz l` mirpd `xewde cneld dz`e lv` il oe` iz`vne ,elld mixacd e`vi ipnn `l x"enc`d eig`n lecbd odkd dkldde daygnd oe`b zwcv extqa ,l"vf oilaeln odkd wecv epax yecwd

:l"fe
df" xn`py enk l`xyi my z`ixwa zecdid xwir ,(cn diryi) "dpki l`xyi myae 'ebe ip` 'dl xn`i

x`ean df ceqi wecv epaxa oilaeln odkd

,l`xyi mya dpekny ef dlrn wx el didi `ly


xb (a"r g"q zay) lecb llk wxt yixa epivne .ic mcde algd lr z`hg `iane ,zene`d oia xiibzpy ,dxeq` dfy llk rci `lc my oiir ,dxf dceare zayde lkn llk rci `ly `vnpe ,zaye dxf dcear lr elit`e my z`ixwa wx ,z`hg aiigzdl xb `ed dnae ,dxezd zc zxnd lr xeari l`e bxdic dn oaei dfae .ic l`xyi dxf dcear micaer oi` mdy i"tr` l`rnyi zeidl zeixr ielib lr mixdfp oke ,rcepk seziya elit` zexiar yly oze` lr llk oitek oi`e ,minc zekitye lewy df ,cal l`xyi my zxnd la` ,xeari l`e bxdic zeixr ielib dxf dcear cbpke ,dlek dxezd lkk wqty a"v 'iq c"g) dfn f"acxa oiire ,minc zekitye lv` mb okle .(l`rnyi zcl ezc xini `le bxdiy oi`e ,dgtyna xnen yiy dgtyn leqt `ed ,oendd zexiar lk lr xaerd xenb ryx da yi m` oiyyeg eid mipey`xd zexec oke .xind `ly onf lk dxezay ,exind `l l`xyi my mewn lkne ,dxf dcear micaer ,(c ryed) "el gpd mixt` miavr xeag" xn`p df lre mr xagzdl ecxtzp `le zg` dne` xeaiga mdy .l"kr ,mllka zeidle miebd

mdny zeevn dnke dnk xney "dpki l`xyi mya" c"t onwl oiire) ...dlek dxezd lk cbpk zelewy .(jka epkx`dy iwlg zeevn meiwa wqerd
lka oekp df ceqi mixba e"we .mixb l`xyi rxfn micedi i`v`v

i`v`v "l`xyi rxf"n d"`la mdyk e"we y"ke itpk zgz mqipkdle maxwl cgein oipr yiy micedi xevl mxifgdle mze` xiibl deevne xzeny ,dpikyd migeha ep` oi` e` miayeg ep` oi` m` mb mzavgn jxra cixene dlrn df oi`c ,zeevnd lk eniiwiy okle ,xeibd ,(jxe`a df oipra d"t onwl oiire) ,xeibd ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y eazky mipey`xd mze`l mey ila s` ,zecdi myl laehe ln xy`ky xnel epiid dliahe dlina eiyrn ,mzlaw e` zeevn zrced ,zexb `id efe ,"icedi" zeidl ezpeek lr migiken (f"qz 'iq) daeyza y"ayxd ly zrlewd ezxcbdke mipiipr e` xb ipixd e` icedi ipixd xn`e eixac xxay miwqet zwdl iz`ad onwle .y"r ,efk mzpeeky zexbd xwiry ,df ceqik mdixacn dlery e` eazky .zeevnd zlaw `le ,dpeki l`xyi myay dn `ed

oi` df ceqi itl wgcidl jixv enk miwgeca dnk ewgcpy mipexg`

miletltde mipiipad lk ,ahid z`f oiazy xg`e zeevnd zrced oi`y m"anxd azkyky oebk ,eazkpy lr ezpeek ,(f"id b"it a"eqi` 'd) zexba zakrn m"anxdk wqty oxnyk e` ,dlawd lr `le drcedd zeevnd zlawy ezrc ,(a"iq g"qx 'iq) drcedd oiprl ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy mzrcy 'qezd s` e` ,zakrn cere ,meiwd oiprl dpeekdy mdixacn ewiicy yie eazky zg` dxey ,wizrdl izi`lp xy` mixac ,miebd oia xiibzpy xb ziibeqn wiicl mipey`xd zlaw oi`y ,odkd wecv axd ly izin`d eweicke z` ycg xe`a xi`dle rivtdl da yi ,zakrn zeevnd .epinia ,dyrnl dizeklyde xeibd ziibeq lk

wecv 'x ly izkldd extqa mb mix`ean mixacd zeize` f"k 'iq) c"ei iav zx`tz z"ey l"vf odkd qpkp `ed ,cala zexb myl dliahe dlinay ,(ci-bi mixg`l gipn `edy lkc ,my ycig dfn xzeie ,zecdil liahnde lnd zpeeka ,zexb myl eze` eliahie eleniy .a"yr ,xb iede ibq zexb myl ,odkd wecv 'x epipir xi`dy dna ,micnl ep`vnp ,ic "l`xyi" mya jli`e dzrn dpekiy xacd mvry mr epl dn ,zeevnd envr lr lawnyk e"we y"ke xy` in lk lretay mb dn ,meiwd oiprl dfa eizepeek

mb dler ok z"ey extqn iav zx`tz

dlerd mekq epax xe`an odkd wecv

, " ' ' " ) (, (c"p 'iq (`lnd) wicvd zwcva oilaeln odkd wecv epax) .


'ba zeevn zlawy mixaeqd mipey`xd

mzrcl zeevn zlaw zxcbd idne ,zexbd zakrn


odnr yi` `iadl miyp jxc oi` mewn lkn ,xyk .oecl die`x dpi` dyi`e ,dliah zrya
'qezd uexiz

oiyeciwae in d"c (a"r d"n sc) zenaia 'qezd ,mipyi 'qez ,`"ayxde y"`xd ,xb d"c (a"r a"q) 'iq) xehd ,my zenaia i`nwn cg 'qeze ,xdd on `"x 'iq) zenaia ikcxn zedbde ,(e"l 'iq) ikcxnde ,(g"qx 'nr mi`pz ikxr xtqa qenipelw 'xa dcedi epax ,(i"w .cere f"nwz my y"n lr mdixac eazk zenaia 'qezd dpde iq` ax xn` ,`ziinx` xa dil exw eedc `edd 'nba okle dzexbl en` dlah `ly ,dzecpl dlah `l in aiyg xityc iq` ax xn` df lre ,dieb oak edeaiygd zliahl dler ef dliahe ,dcp myl en` dlahc oeik xb .zexb xbc (a"r e"n) onwl xn`c ,dniz ,'qezd eywde inp cg c"nl 'it`e ,dia aizk htync dyely jixv

mipey`xd zeny zlawy mixaeqd zakrn zeevn zexbd

zeevnd zlawl epiid ,dyly opirac i`dc evxize `kdc l"ve ,etiqed mipyi 'qezae) dliahl `l la` zelw zeevn dericede zeevnd xak dlawyk ixiin b"r` (ozecp zliaha ibq `l ikd e`l i`c ,zexenge ,uegan micner g"z ipyc (a"r f"n) onwl opixn`c dcp zliahc `iyw edine ,ith sicrc dligzkl epiid i` la` ,dlila xb oiliahn oi` xn` onwle ,dlila `dc ,xity iz` ,devn zlaw` `l` htyn aizk e`l .c"kr ,dligzkl epiid oiliahn oi`c d`xpke ,zakrn 'ba zeevn zlawc l"qc x`ean opira `lc dliahd k"`yn ,zexbd xwir `idc l"qc .'ba dligzkl `l`

eilr 'nbd oeyl ixac miaaeq 'qezd

dlerd dpwqnd zlawy 'qezdn zakrn zeevn

lr 'qezd ziiyew 'nbd

zeevnd zlawk `aiyg 'b ipta dliahc d`xp oiyeciwa 'qezd ixacn
opira `le ,ibqe 'ba dliahd onfa zeevnd lawzy e` .dliaha e` zeevn zlawa e` `l` ,'ba edieexz
'qezd zrcl mb oiyeciwa `ipdn 'ba dliah zlawk `aiygc zeevn

,eazk xb d"c a"r a"q sc oiyeciwa 'qezd mpn` `wec d`xp .oick da aizk htyn ,dyely jixv xb `ibq cga dliaha la` ,'b opirac `ed zeevnd zlawa ,gken df oeyln .l"kr ,zeevnd eilr laiw xak m` ,dliaha 'b jixv if` ,'ba zeevnd eilr laiw `l m`c edine :l"fe jenqa eywdy dnn rnyn oke ,xb aygiy ,'eke dx`ev cr mina dze` oiaiyenc xn`c `dn 'w i`cec l"ie ,dyly opira inp dliahlc rnyn `nl` irac `dc l"i inp i` ,akrl `le dyly opira devnl .l"kr ,zeevn zlaw meyn `nrh epiid dyly opirac `dc enicwdy oeik ,jk mdixac yexite opira i`n` k"` ,zeevnd zlawa `wec `ed dyly dfle ,a"r f"n zenaia gkenck dliaha mb dyly ,akrl `le dligzkl wx edfc ,`nw uexiz mivxzn 'ba mrhdc ,`xza uexiz ,df iptl zeevnd law ixdy zlawn dliahd onfay ,zeevnd zlaw meyn dlaha zlawa 'b opira `le ibqe zeevnd zvwn mrt aey lawzy e` ,jytp dnn okle ,mcew dzidy zeevn ,'b eidi `l dliahay elit` ibqe ,'ba df iptl zeevnd

'qezd oeyl oiyeciwa

zlawy ,`ed (a"r f"n) zenaia `ibeqd hyte ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn xbl oiriceny drcedd dyly jixv d"ca `kd i"yxtcke ,zeevnd zlaw `ied zvwn ericedl e` eliahdl el miwwfpy mil`xyi enirhdy mdixacn gken t"kre .zexenge zelw zeevn laiw `l m`c ,zeevnd eilr laiw xak m` ibq cgac ,'` uexizle ,'b dliaha `diy gxken if` ,'ba zeevnd ,'a uexizle ,akrl `l la` dligzkl dliaha 'b opira m` okl ,zeevn zlaw meyn `ed 'b opirac mrhdc t"kr .mdixac zligza eazky enke ,ibq ,'ba elaw `l ,zakrn 'ba zeevnd zlawc eazkykc opirny ,dcixen `le dlrn `l 'ba dliahy lelyl epeekzd zlawn dfay meyn dnrh 'ba dliahd mby `l` dzid la` 'ba dliahd dzid `l m` mlerle ,zeevnd .ipdn ,'ba zeevnd zlaw d"n) zenaia mdixac z` yxtl yi mb jky okzie opirac i`dc l"i"c eazky ,`lah `l in d"ca (a"r

ixac xe`a 'qezd

mb yxtl yi l"pk 'qezd ixac z` a"r d"n zenaia


epax oeyln mb xdd on mdxa` ok wiicl yi

.l"kr ,"dliahl `l la` zeevnd zlawl epiid dyly epiid ,dyly opirac i`dc ,`ed jk mpeyl xeryc opira dliahlc meyn `l la` ,zeevnd zlaw meyn zlaw meyn epiid ,'b opirac dnvr dliahl mb ik ,'b ,dliahd dze` ly dzernyna dlelkd zeevnd 'b e` ,opira e` e`c ,dfn dlerde ,oiyeciwa mdixacke dfa `l 'b eid `l m`e ,dliaha 'b e` ,zeevnd zlawa x`eank xb epi`c envr oial epia xiibzpk ied ,dfa `le .9 y"r (`"r f"n) zenaia edericed `ly xbc ,azk (f"id b"it) m"anxd dpde ,cibnd axd azke ,xb ied ,'b ipta lahe lne zeevnd zrca azk g"ade ,zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`c heytc `zyde ,zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y ,m"anxd ,xb iede ibq 'ba dliahd dzid m` m"anxdl ,op` ifgip o`k crc ,xb iede ibq 'ba dzid m`c l"i inp 'qezdle meyn epiid ,zeevnd zlawa 'b opirac 'qezd eazk `l meyn `ed dliaha opirac 'be ,'ba dzid `l dliahdy m"anxdl dfa eceiy xnel sicre ,zeevnd zlaw dnc yxtl yi cere ,opiytn `l `zbelt iyet`c ,zeevnd zlaw meyn `nrh epiid ,'b opirac eazky ied zlaehyky l"xe ,day zeevnd zlaw meyn l"x (a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn y"n oirke ,`linn zeevnd zlaw upiv l"`xdne ,(l-hk 'iq c"ei) dnly zcngde zia z"eyae ,('p 'iq a"g) ytp zaiyn z"eya w'veltn (a"r g"n) zenail eiyeciga q"zgde ,(a"i 'iq) xi`n z"eya odkd miig oa `"xdne ,(`"r `"i) zeaezkle j`apfii` i"gxbd k"ke ,(`"p 'iq `"g) oxd` dhn gxt (h"n 'nr 2 uaew) '` dxezl qepka m"anxd zrca jixv oi`e zeevn zlaw `ied zecdi myl 'ba dliahc .zeevn zlaw ly cgein dyrn
miyxtn l"pk mipexg` daxd m"anxd zrca 'qezde

sc) xdd on mdxa` 'x yexita izi`x df oirke zrced meyn ,dyly jixvc i`dc ,azky (a"r d"n mxiiby ixiin ,icaer zlz ipde .zexenge zelw zvwn eid `le ,zexeng zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn mricede dzcpl dlah dy`dy `l` ,cin dlah `le ,dyely my mdl dler dliah dze` ,onf xg`e ,eixwl lah yi`de md dlaw dze`a i`ce elahcne ,zexb zliah meyn oebk devn myl dliahdc l"qc rnyn .l"kr ,micedi lr dgiken `ide zexb myl dliahk l"ed ixw e` dcp .zecdi zxiny

yxtl yi l"pk ztqep dhiya epax `iany xdd on mdxa`

dhiy xdd on mdxa` epaxl el yic cer rce caricae ,dligzkl wx `ed opirac 'bc ,`ede ,zxg` 'it`e k"g` dlin mr ixza zeevn ly mzrced 'it` envr oial epia xiibzpa wxe ,xb ied envr oial epia axd xirde ,`ed ieb ,zelw zeevn llk edericed `ly (a"r a"q) oiyecw 'qezde dnlydd lra k"ky ,l"end epax dfa eeyc ,l"i ef dhiyl t"kre .c"r l"ie ,y"r meyn zexba 'bl mrhd xwiry 'qezde xdd on mdxa` zeevn zlaw didzyk e` lirei dfe ,day zeevnd zlaw .'ba dliaha didzy e` ,dcal 'ba

y"`xd 'qezl 'b opirac d`xp zlawl `wec `le zeevn mle` dliahl 'qezdn oi` oiyeciwa ok d`xp

xb :l"fe azk (my oiyecw) y"`xd zetqezay s`e ,zeevnd eilr lawny drya epiidc d`xp ,dyly jixv hwepy df oeyln rnyne ,y"r ,`l dliah zrya la` n"n ,zevnd zlawa 'b irac wx dliahl 'b ira `lc enk `ae dxen oiyecwa epiptly 'qezd oeyl .10 izazky

ixry z"eya mb zrca oiad wcv oiyecwa 'qezd zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn

l"vf hp`t lcpn mgpn 'x oe`bdl iz`vn zrke 'qezd zhiyly azky ,('t 'iq) g"e` wcv ixry z"eya zlaw v"` ,oey`xd mvexza l"pd (a"r a"q) oiyecwa .eixaca y"r akrl `le devnl `l` zeevn

9. ' , )" "( , ". , , " ", " ', , " , " , " , . ]" " , , . , [. 01. ' " " " ", " ', ', ' , ' ' . ".

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a"r d"n zenaia i"yxt lr xdd on mdxa` epax ziiyew

xe`ae i"yx oeyl eixac

myl `le oi`eyp myl zlaehyk elit` i"yxtle `wlqc ,`pliki d"ca jenqa azky enke ,ipdn zexb ,dzcpl dlah `l miakek zcaerc ,zexb myl dl ,zecpl dliah ly cala ef devn i"r mby l"x .l"kr milaeh mpi` miieb ixdy ,zeevnd dlawy `xwp zecdi dfa dlaiwy zexedl dfk dyrn witqne ,zecpl .carica ,(d"ry 'iq) l"vf iwqxaet c"xbd ixeriya x`iae dliahd didzy jixve ,xdhnd `ed dliahd dyrny df ,df `lae ,l`xyi ly devn dfi` jxevl wx dnvr zlaw oi`y l"q i"yxy gken ,df itle ,`nlra dvigx myl lahe lny lke ,llk zexbd zakrn zeevnd .`caer i`dn oky lkna xb ied ,zecdi

lr azky ,xdd on mdxa` epiaxl cer izi`xe dcp zliah myl ,`zzpi` meyl yxity my i"yxt dlah `le li`edc ,`xidp `le ,zexb zliah myl `le zil`xyi ikxca zbdpzn dzid `l i`ce ,zexb myl dlahy t"r` da ixeyk`l ivn ikide ,zeevn x`ya in opixn`c `dc ,zeevn x`ya zwfgn dpi` m` dzcpl zeevna miwifgn mdyk `wec ,eiexwle dzcpl dlah `l zwfgn dpi`e dcp myl dlahy in la` ,mil`xyik .l"kr ,`id dxenb dieb i`ce ,zeevn x`ya ixiinc ,i"yx lr eziiyewa eixac yxtl jixve zlaw dzid m`y ,c"aa zeevnd zlaw dzid `lya x`ya k"g` zwfgn dpi` m` elit` ,c"aa zeevnd xac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd dlre lah l"iiw ,zeevnd .oiyeciw eiyecwe ,(a"r f"n) zenaia x`eank

epiax oeyl xdd on mdxa` lr eziiyewa zenail i"yxt d"n

x`ia a"eik iwqxaet c"xbd i"yxt z`

eixac xe`a lr eziiyewa i"yx

zeevn zlaw ied zexb myl lahe lny lky x`azn `"ahixd oeyln
s` ok eazk xi`n ziade upiv l"`xdne y"cngde miyery lky ,deey oexwirdc l"i ,'qezd zhiyl l"ed ,devn myl mipeekzny dxene dlbnd dyrn zexb ied ,c"aa xacd dyrp m`e ,zecdi mylk
on mdxa` epax lr dywd xdd meyn i"yxt dzidy oiady ipta `ly dliah ipta la` ,c"a dcen `ed c"a ol ztk` `ly miiwn epi` m` zeevnd k"g`

xi`n ziade y"cngde g"p`xdn y"nc

rce

lkc oxd` dhn gxtde q"zgde l"pd ytp zaiynde d`exd ikp` ,zeevn zlaw ied zexb myl lahe lny ,`"ahixd ixaca mix`ean hrnk mixacdy zrk ,eiexwl lah `l in dzcpl dlah `l inc yxity yexita elah `l wx ,c"aa dzid dliahd dze`y ,melk exikfd `le mzqa elahy p"` ,zecdi myl lkl dzliaha dzrc did `l ,`ibq `lc oeeikc eli`k `ed ixde ,ixw meyn e` dxdh meyn zegtd dcp myl dzliahy l"x ,l"kr ,zecdi myl dlah `"ahixdy s`e ,zecdi dkeza zlleky miyxtn ep` g"p`xdnde ,zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y ezrc
eixac xe`a `"ahixd oeyl a"r d"n zenaia

l"pd xdd on mdxa` epax xird `l o`k crc ,`ilrn ,c"aa `ly dliah dzidy mzd `l` ,i"yxt lr ,w"ece bdpzny dna oiipr ez epl oi` ,c"aa la` ixac znizqe `zrnyc dhyt metl azek ip` df lke xzei mle` ,c"a `la `zzpi` myl dlah`c i"yx `"ahixde inlyexid c"tr lirl izazky enk c"rlp il d`xp dfe ,'b i"r did my mby sqei iwenpde .xwir xzei

dliahd zra zeevn zrceda 'ba ibq 'qezd zrcl mb


gken `ibeqd zehytn ixd ,mzhiyl `kd `ibeqd 'qezd ewlg `le ,xbl ibq drcede dliahc i"yxtk mr dliahlc ,xnel jixv jgxk lre ,dfa eilr ,dfa ibqe ,zeevnd zlaw ixw ,eicgi drcedd ied ,dfa mikqne zexengde zelwd xbl miricenyke miricene dliah zrya 'b eilr micner m` okle ,xb m`e ,xb iede dfa ibq ,zexenge zelw zvwn eze` zenaiae xb d"ca 'qezd zhiy lr zeywdl yie dyely opirac i`dc ,`lah `l in d"c (a"r d"n) m` ,y"r dliahl `l la` zeevnd zlawl epiid oi` m`y l"x zakrn zeevn zlawy mdixac yexit ipy md dlawde drcedde ,xb ied `l zeevn zlaw mipexg` daxd miazeky enke mipeye micxtp mixac yxtzz ji` k"` ,(l-hk 'iq c"ei) y"cngd mya
ixac xe`ia oiyeciwa 'qezd dpwa elriy ixac mr cg` zenaia 'qezd

zlawa zegtl dyely jixv ,dliaha dyely oi` `kd mdixacn rnyn oke ,drceda xnelk ,zeevn ,dyely irac `dc l"i inp i` ,eazky xb d"ca i`nc ,l"x .l"kr ,zeevn zlaw meyn `nrh epiid cnrnac meyn epiid ,xbd zliaha dyely opirac okle ,zeevnd zlaw `idy drcedd zniiwzn ,dliahd d`xp" ,xeaicd zligza mdixac zligza egzty enk cga dliaha la` ,'b opirac `ed zeevn zlawa `wec ik ,mixexa mdixace ,"zeevnd laiw xak m` `ibq ,dyely jixv drcedd `idy zeevnd zlawlc oeeik elit` dliahl dl xyt` 'ba dyrp df xac m` okl

mr 'ba dliahd dzid m` p"d`e ,dyely `la mr 'ba dliah e` ,ixn`w e` e`c ,ibq ,drcedd zeevn zlaw `idy 'ba drcedd e` ,i"yxke drcedd oia zwelgn oi` zn`ae ,cg`a elit` dliahd f`e i`dc zenaia 'qezd eazky dn okle ,'qezl i"yx enk eyexit ,zeevnd zlawl epiid dyly opirac `nrh epiid dyly irac i`dc ,oiyeciwa o`k eazky zlawc meync ,zg` dpeekdy ,zeevnd zlaw meyn iptl e` dliaha e` okl ,dylya jixv zeevnd yiy lky miceny p"d`e ,'b jixv drceda dliahd .ibq drcedd mr dliaha dyly

zexb myl dliahe dlin epiid ,zakrny zeevn zlawy 'qezd zrca yxtl yi
ipta dlaw zeidl dkixv ixd 'qezd zhiyl dpde epiid dyely opirac" eazky mpeyln dxe`kle ,'b ,zillk zeevn zlawl epiidc rnyn ,"zevnd zlawl xyt`y "zeevn zlaw" aezk m` oia oigadl yi ile`e "zeevnd zlaw" oial dliahe dlin zevn yxtl .11 l"ie ,zillk dlaw drnyny dn mb ik ,xnel izrc zeiprl d`xp

cer

`l in d"c (a"r d"n) zenaia l"pd 'qezd eazky lenl `id dpeekd ,zakrn zevnd zlawy ,`lah onwl `ia`y dnl dnecae ,zexb myl leahle lenl `id zevnd zlaw eazky mipey`xd zepeyln .leahle

oeyl wecwc 'qezd

dnly zcngde xi`n ziade upiv l"`xdn zrcl zexb myl dliahd `id zeevnd zlaw xwir ,'qezdc `ail`
ycgl `l` ,zeevn zlaw ila `ipdn `l 'ba dliahy 'b t"kr dl ipdn ,dliaha 'b eid `ly s`c ,e`a `edy ,ibq dliaha 'by ecen mlerle ,zeevnd zlawa y"cngd 'it`e .zeevnd zlaw dfa llkpe ,zexb xwir eilry dlawl drcedd oia welgd ycgn (h"k 'iq) ,mzrcedl zeevnd zlaw oia ewligy mipexg`d epryp xwir `idy 'ba dliahd dzidyky eixaca yibcd g"p`xdn oeyll mi`zne ,zeevnd zlawk ied ,zexbd myl lahe lny lky mipexg` daxd cere (a - a"v 'iq) .efn dlecb zevn zlaw jl oi` zecdi zeevnd zlawy ediinirce 'qezd zhiyl

mb

xi`n zia z"eya `aed upiv l"`xdn wcwc ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw xwir xehde 'qezd zhiylc ,(a"i 'iq) dfe zexb myl leahl c"aa dilr zlawny dna ied 'iq) ytp zaiyn z"eyae ,(xi`n ziad oeyl) did i`ce xwir dedc 'ba lahe ln m`c ,azk upiv l"`xdnl ('p oi` f` ,zexbd xwira c"a yiyke ,ith sicr ,zexb ,dfa ekix`de ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`e drced jixv e`a `l 'qezdy ,lecbe iceqi xac ,xne` dz` `vnp xnele zeevnd zlawa 'b eidy 'izy dna xingdl

upiv l"`xdn xi`n ziade zrca eazk xwiry 'qezd zeevnd zlaw 'ba dliahd `id zexb myl

'11. " ' , )" .-( " " )" ' '(, " )' "( ' )" "( " , ' , ' . , ' " " , . .


cer etiqedy yie ,miiwl dpeek mr zeaiigzd epiady lkde ,zexbd xg` zeevnd z` lreta iciin meiw mr mipey`xd x`ye r"yde m"anxd t"r `ly `ed oaenk zexbl dliahd ipdn 'qezdl 'it`e ,ediizhiya eniiwc iletlt lky gken dfne ,lawy `xwpe zeevnd zlawk dxez licbi zpigaa wx `ed ,dfa epipnf ipexg`n wlg xn`z 'it`e ,'qezd zpeek wnerl ecxi `le xic`ie ep` n"n ,llk gxken epi`y dn dfl epeekzp 'qezdc `iady) i"ad r"yde m"anxd ixac zenzq `l` epl oi` oi`y mipey`xd aexe (melk xird `le i"wnpd ixac z` .zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw

-
zakrn zevnd zlawy xn`z m` oia df itle ,zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y xn`zy oiae zexbd dliahd dyrnc ,'b ipta lahe lnyk `picl n"wtp oi` zeevn zlaw iede ,zevnd zlaw zedn z` ekeza llek .r"ekl itl `id xeiba epipnf ipexg`n wlg ly dkeand lk ,carica zakrn zeevnd zlawy 'qezd t"r eqtzy ytp zaiynde n"iad y"cngd zhiy mdn mlrp la` epiade zkl ewigxdy mdn yie .zevnd zlaw `idn yie ,zeevn lk miiwl zeaiigzd epiid zeevnd zlawy
ipexg`n dl` eazky epipnf zeevn zlawy exingde zakrn ,mzxcbda jk lk ixac mdn enlrp ziad y"cngd l"`xdne xi`n upiv

myl lahe lna ilekl zecdi n"wtp oi` `nlr law m`a e`l m` zeevnd

lahe lnac n"wtpe ,zecdi zvwn aiygc lah `le ln oica `nlr ilekl xenb xb ied zeevnd lk miiwl oieekzd `l elit`
mdixacn dgked zeevn zlawy lk zakrn `l myl lahe lny zecdi

oiicry oeeik xb aiyg `lc l"iiw `picly idp dpde `le dyr `l laha elit`y xnel okzid n"n ,lah `l ly mzqitz itk zeevnd law `ly oeeik melk zecdi myl dlin xicbn `"ayxd ixde ,l"pd mipexg`d exikfd `l dnl ,efn dxizie ,zicedi zca zvw qpkpy ,dliah xqg wx zeevnd lawy ixiin t"kry mipey`xd zeevnd zlawe li`edy xexae heyty iptn i`ce `l` dpi` zeevnd zlaw okl ,ediizhiyk zakrn dpi` s`y ,zecdil dqipk aekir oiprl dcixen dpi`e dlrn lah m` la` ,melk epi` lah `le zeevnd law m` .`ed xenb xb i`cea zecdi myl lny ixg` zecdi myl

zakrn zeevnd zlawy hwepy in zhiyl dpd zexbd zrya oeekzn epi` m`y ezrcl dyexite ,zexbd izc beqa zeidl oiekzn wxe ,dxezd zeevn lk miiwl elit` xb epi`e ,melk `le dyr `l ,dnecke dvgnl zrya mbe iptl envr lr lawe zexb myl lahe lny mdixacl `vei ,illk ote`a zeevnd ler dliahd ,melk epi` df lk zecdi myl lahe envr lny elit`y .ezpeeka xqgyk wlgy dpzd `l ixd m"anxdy caln

wlg zhiy epipnf inkgn xingdl

dpde

,zeevnd zlaw `ed melk oi` ezlay i`pze zexbdn zeevnd zlawy mlern m"anxd ixaca `vnp `le oi`y `icdl azky ,oekpd `ed jtidde ,zakrn ef dhiyy dgked cer yi c"rl ,zakrn drcedd ,zyxec (`"r `"r sc) zenaia 'nbd ik ,dpekp dpi` t"r` "ea lk`i `l lxr" gqt oaxwa xn`py dny lny xb iiez`l `a ,"xikye ayez" xak xn`py :l"fe dywd (my) eiyeciga `"ayxde ,lah `le `ed ixd lny t"r`e ,m"ekr epiid k"` ,il `iyw `kd ip`yc `zile ,ledn iaxrk l"edc ,lxrk n"n ,ezexb xnbp `ly t"r`e ,zecdi myl ezlinc jixv epi`y ,zicedi zca zvw qpkpe ligzd xak myl ln ixdy :l"fe ixi`nd k"ke ,k"r ,dliah `l` .k"r ,d"r epia` mdxa` ly ezixaa qpkile zecdi edine ,xb epi`y el `xiaqc 'it :l"fe azk `"ahixae .k"r ,zecdi myl dzidy oeeik ,dlin ezlin

zegked 'nbde m"anxdn `"r zenaia dhiydy `"r ,dpekp dpi` l"pd

zlaw idn zhiyl zeevn mipey`xd zeevn zlawy zakrn

s` ixd ik ,`zzrnyc `geexl azek ip` df z`e llk yexitd oi` ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy xn`z m` dpeekd wx ,dfa epxec ipiicn wlg yxtl mivexy itk zeevn zlaw dfy delpde zecdi envr lr lawny zlawy xaeqy inl s` xnel jixv df z`e ,zillk zeevnd zlaw oi`y xne`y inl y"ke ,zakrn zeevnd jl oi` zecdi myl dliahe dlinc e` ,llk zakrn 'iq) g"p`xdnd mya y"nk efn dlecb zeevn zlaw l"`xdne ('l-h"k 'iq) c"ei dnly zcngde (a - a"v zia oe`bde ,(p 'iq c"ei) a"g ytp zaiyn z"eya upiv 'iq milyexi oekn z`veda) n"cpd eizeaeyza xi`n zeaezkae (a"r g"n) zenail eiyeciga q"zgde ,(a"i oxd` dhn gxt z"eya miig oa oxd` epaxe ,(`"r `"i) .(`"p 'iq) `"g

`"ayxd oeyl `"r zenaia `"r

my ixi`nd oeyl

`"ahixd oeyl my


,(h"rz 'iq b"g) f"acxd z"eya izi`x ab`

lah `le lny ieb f"acxd zrcl ieb llkn `vi xqe` erbn oi`e oiid z`

lr `ltzdl oi` okle .dlirene dwitqn xity zillkd ,zecdi zvwn aygp cala dlinay l"pd mipey`xd
mgexi epax mb f"acxdk xaeq l"pd

m` ,oiia rbpe ,lah `le dlge lny xba dyrn `iady izla oiicr `ed m` ,eiyecwl opiyiig i`e ,exq` rbn xizdl aiyde .eixac lkl `ed l`xyi e` ,l`xyi elny micarc l`rnyi 'x 'ta opixn`c t"r`e ,oiid oixiibzn oi`y iptn epiid ,jqp oii oiyer elah `le ,oax zni`n mgxk lra `l` mytp oevxn mly ala xbc `cg ,inrh dnkn ayez xbn lah `le ln sicre law dfe ,l`xyi zeevnn zeevn mey law `l ayez `l ayez xbc eze ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn eilr xbc ,eze ,m"ekrd z`nehn `vie ln xak dfe ,ln eilr law xak dfe ,l`xyi zc eilr law `l ayez dyecway xac lkl sxhvdl oiprle ,epenk zeidl epi`y xexa xacd ,eiyeciwl opiyiig i` oiprle `l eli`k lah `le ln l"iiwc ,xac meyl l`xyik ,`nh oiia erbn oi`e m"ekr llkn `viy `l` ,ln md mixexa mixace ,leahiy cr `a `l l`xyi llkle .c"kr q"yd ipeilba lbp` i"xbd jld

,lah `le lny xby (`"g f"i aizp) mgexi epiax k"ke .y"r dizya xzen erbne ,jqp oii epii dyer epi` `iady ,my `"ahixd iyecigl zexrda izi`xe lny s`y ycigy (`"py 'iq) c"ei xfp ipa` z"eyn wiice ,aiig zay zevna n"n ,xenb xb epi` lah `le mipey`xdn j` ,(`"r 'n sc) `a zyxt xdefdn mb ok zrca l"vf wew d"i`xbd k"ke ,y"r `kti` x`ean 'x oe`bd z`xedn ok` .y"r (b"pw q"q c"ei) odk lah `le lny xby `"nxz zpya hplqn l`eny qpkp cal dlinac rnyn ,zay llgl el xeq`y ,('c ze` d"k 'iq) i"g xfril` uiv z"ey oiire ,zecdia h"v 'iq 'c c"ei) l"vf bevxd d"`ixbdl miazke miwqte

xfp ipa`d zrcl aiig lny ieb zay zeevna xdefdn ok wiice mipey`xa jtdl x`ean xfp ipa`dn 'x oe`bd zrcl hplqn l`eny xeq` lny ieb zay leliga

dlaw mr cgi dliahe zillk xenb xb ied i`ce

ifg t"kre .(`"v 'iq) oeiv oiipaae ,(f"h ze` zeevnd zillk dlaw envr lr lawnyk ,itexhvi`l ,xenb xb iedc zecdi myl lahe ,zecdi myl envr lne zlaw oi`y mipey`xd zhiy oipra y"nl df sxve .zakrn zeevnd

eizeawrae

mb jepg zgpndl ax onf ddy m` dliahe dlin oia ea xfg elit`e v"` ,zexbdn mc zthd aey leahiyk zixa

devn) jl jl zyxt jepig zgpndl cer izi`x oke lk ,xiibzdl ick dlind dzid m`c (dlin zevn ,'a eli`k lah `le lnc ,xenb ieb `ed ixd lah `ly onf elit` ,dliahl dlind oia mipy dnk ddy m`e ,ln `l xg`lc ,l`xyi zeidl leahl dvx `le xfg miizpa m` leahiyk lret dlindc wx .xenb ieb k"b `ed dlind ztki` `l i`ce ,dliahae dlina zixal qpkp jk xg` myl dzid dlindc oeik miizpia xfg elit` m` ol .y"r `gzeka irian xzei ipira heyt dfe ,zexb

a"g xve`d zia extqae ,xb oi` d"c (`"r e"n) zenail :l"fe (h"q 'iq) sqei oqeg extqae (f llk 'b zkxrn) zlawe ,zeiebd oipr zxqd ,mixac 'a ea yi zexbd ik zelert 'a zexba jixv ixd k"`e ...zeil`xyid oipr dlind milrety edfe ,l`xyi ezeyrde zeiebd zxqd ,zeiebd aeriz zxqn dlxrd zxqd ik ,dliahde ezeidl ezycwne ,rcepk dyecw zpzep dliahde l"kr ,l`xyi dyer ixd lnyky f"acxd ixacn cenll epl yie myl dyery d`xn dfe ,ditk `lae mly ala df epipnf ipexg`e ,zeevn zvwn eilr lawny cere ,zecdi drceday ,dlawd oial drcedd oia wlgl eazky df `lae lkd lawl jixv dlawa la` zvwn oiricen ,oiekzn epiid mdly "lawl" yexity s`] melk epi` mby onw `d ,[aiiegn epi` oiicr ixdy ,dyer `le m` zpzep `xaqd jk ik ,zvwn lr `id dlawd dlindy xwirae ,zvwn milawn f` zvwn miricen lawn ixdy ,m"ekrd z`nehn ez`iven zecdi myl zevn zlaw ilay xnele `eal okle ,epenk zeidl `l m` wx ,oekp epi` df ,melk `le dyr `l mzxcbdk zeevnd zlaw la` ,melk `le dyr `l f` 'b ipta lah

i"xbd zrcl mb dlind lbp` z` dxiqn dliahde zeiebd icedil ezyer

md dliahe dlin zeaeyg zelert ze`iveny ze`iane zeiebn `la mb zecdil zeevn zlaw

`id ,d`nehd xiqdl dlind zlert ik `vnp `id dliahd dixg` `eazyke ,zipexwre ziceqi dlert zecdi zvwn ied dliahd okle ,icedie xb ezeidl xwird `l zeevnd law `lay xnel xyt` ji`e ,lirl y"nke zlaw oi`y l"q mipey`x zwdlyk ,melk `le dyr .zakrn zeevnd odkd wecv iax myn iz`ady dn lirl r"re rexf xe` xtqae (c"p 'iq) `lnd wicvd zwcv xtqa zgpnd zrc xwirae ,cg` oipr lkde (a"k 'nr) wicvl oi`c l"qc eixacn wiicl izazk xg` mewna jepg .l"nk`e ,carica zakrn zeevnd zlaw

df envr lnyk myly giken oiekn `ed zecdi


mgexi epax zhiy t"r 'qezd zhiy xe`a

(zeevnd gxkda `le) xb zeidl envr lr lawny epiid zexb zlawc


ezpeek oegale ytytl oi`y e"we ,libxd dpaena .zevnd meiwa mixacd
mewn oi`y di`x zrc ocne`l zeevn meiwa zexb onfa

deg wlga ,mgexi epiaxl epivny zrcl yi la` ziiyewk azky ,(iriaxd wlgd mixyre dyly aizp) dliahd dl liren j`id xn`z m`e" :l"fe 'qezd dlila xb oiliahn oi` opixn` `dc ,dzcpl dlahy oi`c `dc ,d"nxd uxize ,dlila dzcpl zlaeh dy`e d"nxd azke ,('qezd zhiyk) 'eke dlila xb oiliahn dyly ipta dilr dlawy dy`a ixiin df lk ik xba oke ,'eke zexb myl dlah `ly `l` mixag lah `le lne xb zeidl dyly ipta eilr lawy t"r`c x`ean ,l"kr ,eixw myl `l` zexb myl dfe ,mixag dyly ipta dilr dlawy azk dy`ay zlaw dilr dlawy eyxtl ozipy mezq oeyl ly mletlt lk ltltl mewn yi f`e ,zevnd miiwl dpeekzp m` ,dlawd dzid ji`e dna mipexg`d 'nbd zehyte) ,`l llka e` zvwn wx e` lkd dn edfe zeevn zvwn lr i`wc (`"r f"n) zenaia xi`yd `le mixacd z` x`ia yi`a la` .(lawny zeidl dyly ipta laiwy azk ixdy wtql mewn .dyi`le yi`l zyxcpd dlawd edfy l"x ,xb opirac eazky 'qezd ixac zpeeka df qipkdl xyt`e dyly ipta elawy epiid ,zeevnd zlawl dyly ,mixb zeidl mnvr lr milawnyke ,mixb zeidl lret dfy zeevnd mnvr lr milawn `linn epiid oi`e ,mixb zeidl mnvr lr mzlawn aiigzne `vei z"eya azk oke ,mpevx i` e` mpevxa ielz df myl eax ipta card xn` m`y (f"qz 'iq) y"ayxd eli`k dil ied ,icedi ipxd xn`y e` laeh ip` zexb dler oeirxd dfe ,y"r ,laeh ip` zexb myl xn` envr lr lawy" ,mgexi epax y"n mr cg` dpwa oiprde ,zexbl zyxcpd dlawd idefy ,"xb zeidl oipr epl oi` ,zexn`d lkle zexacd lkle .cg` `aekrl zevn zlaw `dzy ,xiibznyk ef dhiyl

mgexi epiaxl epiid dlawd xb zeidl lawny ok yxtl xyt`e 'qeza mb

yetzp

m`

mby

,yibcdl

aeyg

lr lawzy jixve zakrn zevnd zlawy mheytk oi` ,mixac ly mheytk zeevnd miiwl dnvr qgia zrc ocne`a qpkdle gixkdl dfn xfbp di`x `iadl yie .dzpeek xqeg e` miiwl dzpeekl ixiiny t"r` ixdy ,l"pd y"ayxd zaeyzn dfl wx ibq `l ,icedi ipixd xn`e eixac xacy mzd lah `le lny iebc ok iptl azk ixdy ,dfa ,dliah xg` oniiwl `l` zevnd eilr law `le eilr lawy dipyila hiwp y"ayxd mby ixd e` icedi ipixd ezxin`ay t"r` oniiwl zevnd dna oipr oi`y wiicz o`kn ,ibq xb ipixd ezlaw e` df xac `diy zevnd eilr lawny dfe ,zexbd miakrn mdy mixac oniiwl zevnd oi`y zlawl
didzy wegcy zipevw zwelgn mipey`xd oia 'qezd zrclc zeevn zlaw milelke zakrn lk dfa oiiprl zepcne`d zeevnd meiw s"ixdle dpi` m"anxde llk zakrn

,mipey`xd

aex

dinirce dna ok ,xb zeidl

m"anxd qinrdl l"xc

zhiyk xyt` "zevnd

'qezd zhiya s`e ,zexbd zakrn zevn zrced epiid" eazky c`n wegcc didzy

zlaw 'qezdly ,mipey`xa zipevw k"k zwelgn oiprl zepcne`d lk dfa llkeie zakrn zevnd x`ye m"anxd zhiyl ipy cvne ,zevnd meiw sicre ,zakrn dlawd oi`e drcedd oi` mipey`xd zevnd zlawy ,mgexi epax zhiyk lkd qipkdl s` ixdy ,r"ekl mi`zn dfe ,xb ezeidl epiid zevn zlaw oi`y mipey`xd x`ye m"anxdl ,zexb myl leahie leniy t"kr mikixv ,zakrn dcpl oebk zecdid on devn myl zegtd lkl e` dyrnke zeiwp myl laehk ied df `lae ,ixw e` .xb epi`e `nlra sew

zrcy d`xp e"ixk y"ayxd

oi` mdixac itl ytytl oipr epl ezpeek oegale zeevnd meiwa

xiibznd zpeek oiipra xtq zlibnde fib`g i"xdne y"ayxd epiax ixac
eixac xxanay icedi ipxd xne`e xb ied xb ipxd e` y"ayxd zrcl

zexb myl yexita xn` m`e" ,azky ,zexb oiprl eli`k dil dedc icedi ipixd xne`y e` ,laeh ip` xn`e eixac xxay oeike ,laeh ip` zexb myl xn`

izxkfdy y"ayxd epiax ixac ikigl enrp dne 'eke ezliah oiiprle d"ca (f"qz 'iq) daeyza jenqa llka cnlp mb dpine ,cara zexb zliah oiprl


zlibnd zrcl szynyk xtq l`xyi mr envr dxen df ,mzxva utge mly ealy .c`n cr zecdia

,efa mzpeeky mipipr e` xb ipixd e` "icedi ipixd" ,eixac lkl l`xyik iede zexigl `vie envra dkf zeklda m"anxde s"`ixd zhiy itl elek edfe eiyecga `"ayxd zrc zi`xp oke ,d`ia ixeqi` e"n) zenaia `ibeqd t"r `ede ,y"r ,'eke eizeaeyze .(`"r xne` e` envra dyeryky micnl

,(f"hw 'iq) zeevn b"ixz lr xtq zlibn xtqa azk ohwac ,zrc mda oi`y e"yge ohw zexb oiprl dlbzp micedid bdpn bdepy dgen epi`y opifgyk eli`k l"ede ,zexb eze`a dil `gip rxtnlc epl lecb xb enk zeevne dxez ler zlawa xiibzp meid inp oke ,`aekrl zeevnd eilr lawiy opirac `ed mbe l`xyi milaeqy cearyd zxv yibxiyky utge mly ealy dxen df ,mzxva mnr delp oevxe zrcc oaen dfne .a"yr ,'eke c`n cr zecdia bdepe zeevnd miiwny ote`a zeidl jixv xeiba delp zeidl zpn lr xiibznyk e` micedi bdpn zecdia utg `edy giken dfd oevxde ,mzxva mnr .12 mly ala

epivnp

xeib y"ayxdl ied ,icedik eze` xicbny dyrn fib`g i"xdn oe`bd cer azk df oirke ,zecdil envrn `ay xbc ,(c"pw 'iq) a"g h"wld z"eya `hgy t"r`e ,cdizdl ezrca xnb i`ce ,gxkd ila dfl dnecae .y"r (`"r c"n) oixcdpq ,`ed l`xyi

dlerd dpwqnd y"ayxd ixacn

dxe`kl dpnn dlerde a"r a"q oiyecwa `ibeqd


e`vni `le eixg` ewcaie m"ekrd on xiibzdl cg` `aiyk dpekpd devndy (c"id b"it) lirle ,dlir m`e ,'eke eixg` oiwcea xiibzdl zxeibd e` xbd dyi`a ozp eipir `ny eixg` oiwcea `ed yi` zenai dpyna x`eank `ed oicd ik s`e .zicedi m"anxa oiire ,oi`iven oi` qpk m`c (a"r c"k) xne`y df n"n ,y"r (c"id i"t) oiyexib 'lda xkip ,xiibz`y xg`l il zycewn z` ixd dy`l ,dp`yil zpn lr xiibzdl ezpeek lky eixac jezn `l qpk m`e qepki `l dligzklc `ed oicd k"`e y"nke ,dligzkl dfk oixiibn oi`y d"de ,`ivei ewwcfnc xnii in yxtl yi k"`e ,l"pd m"anxd zpn lr xiibzdl ezpeek lky oeik epiid ,dil el ewwcfi `l aexd lr ,zicedi dyi` `yil oicd ,eixg` ewca `ly e` zeheicd 'bae ,exiibl elit`e ,xb iedc (f"id b"ita) m"anxda x`ean lkl ixw 'nba okle ,daiq myl xiibzdy rcep exiibl ezlef 'ba ielz `ed t"kry ,ecia e`l df .dil ewwcfinc xnii ine edlek `nlya :`"r a"q sc oiyeciw 'nba `zi` x"`c ,ecia e`l inp xb ,ecia ied xb `l` ,ecia e`l ,h"n ,dyelyl jixv xb opgei 'x xn` `a` xa `iig ipd dil ewwcfinc xnii in ,oick dia aizk "htyn" .k"r ,`zlz z` ixd dyi`l xne`dy mrhdy :`ibeqd yexit `zi`ck zycewn dpi` xiibz`y xg`l il zycewn 'wne ,ecia mpi`y mixacd llka dfy meyn ,oizipzna la` ,ea miielz mpi`y ,ecia e`l edlek `nlya ,'nbd ,uxzne ,xiibzn xiibzdl epevxa m`y ,ecia ied xb ,oick dyely jixv zexbl ik ,ecia e`l `xwp xb mby ecia e`l jklid :i"yxite ,dil ewwcfinc xnii ine .`ed ewwcfinc xnii inc" 'nbd uexiz x`al jixve xn`i inc ,yxtl yi dxe`kle .dpeekd dn ,"dil oicd ixdy ,exiibl eci lr enikqi dyelydy xiibzdl `ay xb ,x"z ,(`"r f"n) zenaia x`ean ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x dn el mixne` ,dfd onfa `eaiyk (`"d c"it) a"eqi` 'lda m"anxa x`eane
xe`iad dxe`kl xkipy oeeikc `ed eiyrn jezn `l` ezpeek oi`y ikdl zeyi` myl `l dligzkl dil iwwcfn `ibeqd xe`a 'nbd oeyl a"q oiyeciwa `"r

21. " , " ", . " , , " .


zeevnd zlawe zrcedy gken `ibeqa i"yxtn

miiwl zeaiigzd `le xiibzdl oevxd `id dlawde `id `cg


mylc ezpeek wner i`cea 'b ipta laehy in ik md mixacd xzie] ,carica ibqe oieekn zecdi 'iq c"g f"acxd z"eya y"nke devnle dligzkl .[y"r e"t :l"fe yxtl azk dyely jixv d"ca i"yx la` ericedle eliahdl el oiwewfy mil`xyi dyely jixv f"n) zenaia xn`ck ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn azkcnc ,eixaca wiicl mewn yie .l"kr ,(`"r ibqc l"qc ,mipiic dyely azk `le mil`xyi dyely wx oignene mipiic mpi`y 'it`e mil`xyi 'ba xeibl
i"yxn miweic dlawdy ,md cg drcedde epiid dlawde zillk dlaw eixacn weic 'b jixv oi`y xeibl mipiic mil`xyiae ibq zeheicd `l i"yx oeyln df xe`iak rnyn

d"ca

a"r

f"n

sc

zenaia

i"yx

y"ne

zelw

zeevnd

zvwn

ericedl

jixvy

mirceiy

llkl qpkp `ed dliah i"r `zydc ,eze` oiricene eilr lawl jixv devn zliah zrya jkld ,zexb oiliahnykc ,`kd ik l"x .y"r l"kr ,zeevn ler zxez xtqa k"ke ,zeevnd zlaw `ide oiricen `ayk lirlc meync ,zenail 'iga (o`ncixt) xi`n dnl k"` ,zevn zvwn eze` oiricen xiibzdl i"yx azk dfl ,zevn zvwn ericedl zipy oikixv ler eilr lawl jixv 'eke dliah ici lr `zydc i"yx cer y"n xzeia wiiecn jke ,y"r zevn zryay ,xn`w lawl ,'eke c"qw d"ca onwl ,zeevn zvwn ericedl jixv card xexgy zliah miiqe ,lawl jixvy dlawa eixac gzty ixd ,k"r cg dlawde drceddy ixd ,eze` oiriceny drceda zipyd drcedy izazky mixacd md mde .`id xeaca my y"ntl hxtae ,'eke zevn zlaw `id zvw d`xpc ,xiibzdl dilr dlaw `ly df ixg`y dlaw `id `l` zeevnd zedna dpi` dlawd xwiry wxt onwl oiire .w"ece xiibzdl oevxd ly zillk ,zexb oiprl eixcbe ecnrn oicd ziaa ocd 'f xn`i in ly ef dibeq xe`aa cer epkx`dy zeceqi dkezn eplrde ,zlz ipd dil iwwcfnc excbe ecnrn c"a ly df oipra mipn`pe miaeh .a"yr xeib oiiprl

,yxit dil ewwcfnc xnii in d"ca okle ,zexenge ewwcfi m` llk wlgl qpkp `le ,`ed ecia e`l jkld `l` ,xeibl epevx zaiq cvn ,`l e` ,exiibl el e`l ixwin ,el wwcfdl enikqiy 'ba ielzc oeikc .`ed ecia ericedle eliahdl y"na cer ,cenll yi dfne dliahd `id zexbd xwiry ,'eke zeevn zvwn mzd ixd dxe`kle ,'b ipta didzye drcedd dnre dn el mixne` dligzay ,xcqd x`ean zenaia ,cin eze` oilawn ip` rcei xn` m`e ,'eke zi`x cin eze` oiln laiw m`e ,oiricen k"g`e `kd xikfd `l i"yxe ,eze` oiricen ,oiliahnyke wx hwp i"yxc xyt`e ,oiricene oiliahny wx mr 'b ipta dliahd :mdy zexbd xwir z` oiricen mina ecera dliahd zryae ,cgi drcedd helwl leki mc`y dn) 'eke zevn zvwn el
zeevnd zrced ,dlind mcewy dpi` `nlr ilekl on devnl `l` xgaend ezrcly d`xp zexbd xwir zrcede dliaha zeevn zvwn dliahd onfay

xcqd xkfp 'nbay t"r`e .xb iede (...mina `edyk zrcede ,zi`x dn zexiwge zel`y lleky mlyd on devnl wx edf .dlind mcew zeevn zvwn (f"id) m"anxd wqt ixdy ,akrl `le xgaend ,xb ied eixg` ewca `l e` edericed `l m`y epl xexae ,'b ipta dliahd didzy xwird xnelk

,mnvr 'qezd ixacn dnevr di`x zeevnd meiwl dpeek zeevnd zlaw yexit oi`y
,egxk lra eze` lenie ,yceg a"i enr lblbn ,lenl eax z` liyki `ly `id minkg zpwzc ,i"x xne`e :l"fe eazk `l` d"ceza `"r g"n zenaia dvx `le miakek caerd on car gweld xn`w onwle
'qezd oeyl

,zeevn ler eilr lawn oi`c oeik ,xzide xeqi`a utg oi`y xg`n zeevna eaiigl aeh oi`c cere .l"kr ,mniiwl

zlawe ,ibq dliaha 'b eidyk mlerle ,dliaha ytp zaiyn z"eya k"ke ,zakrn `l zeevnd 'b ipta exiibny cara okle ,('p 'iq) c"ei a"g zeevnd zlawa epl ztki` `l ,zexbd xwir dfy oipr dpi` zeevnd zlawc ,xwir `ede cere .llk oiprl eizepeeka epl ztki` `le ,zeevnd meiwl .k"g` meiwd

liahdl liren didy s`c d`xp mivexizd 'an minkg zpwzn n"n ,egxk lra 'it`e zexbl car xeqi`a eax liykdl `eai f` ik ,ok dyri `ly wxe epevxn zeevnd lawn oi`y oeik ,xzidde uexizle ,exken ,lawl dvx `l m` okle ,ditka ,zexb `ied egxk lra zexbdy s` mpn` ,ipyd ,mniiwl utg epi`e zeevnd lawn epi`y oeik n"n ,wiicl yi mdixacne .k"ra eaiigl xacd aeh oi` ievx epi`e xacd aeh oi`y cvn wx edfc ,`cg oi`y s`c eze ,xb ied eze` dtke xara n"ne lra eliahdl eciay oeik ,zeevnd miiwl utg akrn zeevnd zlaw oipr oi`e ,xb ied ,egxk .zexbd

mdixac xe`a

f"yxbd ixac zgpna j`axie` dnly

d"l 'iq) `"g dnly zgpn z"eya izi`x mpn` exnyi `ly el`k xiibndy gipdy ixg` ,('b ze` ozz `l xeir iptl meyn xaer zeevne dxez :eazky l"pd 'qezd ixacn xxerzd aey ,leykn utg oi`y xg`n zeevna eaiigl aeh oi`c" okzi ,e`la ynn xaer oi`c rnync ,"mniiwl k"g` lkeie dtiwz l`xyi ciy b"dka mzd ixiinc bdpziy opilz ilzinl `ki`c ikide ,jk lr etekl llk jiiy df oi` n"n la` miiqe ,'eke l`xyik .l"kr ,epipnfay zexbl

mdixacn dlerd

(a"r d"n sca) lirl mzhiyl 'w dxe`kle


eixac lr diyew

oic did zn`a m`c ,d`xp epi` izrc zeiprle `xaqd dpekp dzid p"d` ,egxk lra exiibl lekiy l`xyik bdpiy opilz f` etekl lekiy oeiky azky la` ,`nlrc xbl car oia wlgpe zexb ied okle xfrl` oa oerny iaxle ,ok epi` oicd ixd zn`a 'aa 'qezd exiaqd exkene yceg a"i enr lblbnc my zexb oicn k"` ,eaiigl aeh oi`y ,mrhd mdivexiz oekp dligzn azky weicd k"` ,aeh oi`y dlr ez` zexb `iedc p"dde ,llk xeir iptl oic dfa oi`y zeidle zexba utgyk y"ke ,miiwl utg epi`y s` dxenb zexb iedc miiwl oiekzn epi`y j` icedi .w'ece

zexba dyly opirac i`dc ycgl eazky ,in d"c (g"qx 'iq) xehd azke ,zeevnd zlawl epiid dfn ecnly mipexg` yie ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy ,k"g` lreta zeevnd miiwl zeaiigzd `id dlawdy oi`yk zexbd `kd lirez ji` k"` ,mdixacl dywc epevxl xiibzn m` 'it` mdixacl ixde .mniiwl utg oky lke ,xb ied `l miiwl oeekzn oi`y wx ji`e ,llk xeiba utg epi`y egxk lra xiibzna .ipdn

mdixacn dyw lirl y"n lr d"ca a"r d"n in

jixvy 'qezd y"ny ,x`al jixv i`ce `l` 'b eid `ly oeik epiid ,zeevnd zlawa 'b

mdixac aeyi

' " " ... " .


)(a"i 'iq xi`n zia z"eya l"vf xpfet xi`n 'x oe`bd

d
) "(, " ' ', ', ' , ... " , ... ... .
)(b"h b"n sc 'p 'iq c"ei ytp zaiyn z"eya w'veltn upiv l"`xdn

d
, , ... " , ', ... " , ...
)(h"k 'iq c"ei dnly zcng z"ey

d
' .
)(a/a"v 'iq g"p`xdn z"ey

zeaiigzd `id zeevn zlawy dxe`kl mdn oiadl ozipy mipey`xd xb epi` seqal miiwn epi` m`ye zexbd xg` zeevnd meiwl

`ean
" , , , ", , " " . , ' " , : , " , , .,

xdd on mdxa` epax zhiy


x`ya zwfgn dpi`e dcp myl dlahy in la` ,zexb `zzpi` meyl xwirde ,`id dxenb dieb i`ce ,zeevn ,mixyk mipad eidie dnr zeidl xnelk ,zeyi` meyl opixn`ck ,f"byp meyn opaxcn dilr aiig `di `ly e` ,f"byp meyn aiig diebd lr `ad (a"r f"l) f"ra weyg didy card dfe ,dpef dieb dgty dcp xnelk f"n) onwlck dyly jixv xbe ,dxiibe dliahd dpnn .(a"r
oeyl jynd d"n`x

zeevn zlawc l"qc ,xdd on mdxa` epaxl ep`vn la` ,zexbd mcew zeevnd elaw m` elit`e ,zakrn oi`y l"q dxe`kl ,zexbd xg` cin mda ewifgd `l iab ,(a"r d"n sc) zenail eyextay .zexb mzexb in` xa `iig iaxc dicar dlah`c miakek zcaer `idd meyl :yxit dnly epiaxe :l"fe yxit ,`zzp` myl :da .zexb zliah myl `le ,dcp zliah myl ;`zezp` ,zexb myl dlah `ly i"tr`e ,dxenb zxeib dzeidl leniy cr xb epi` (`"r e"n zenai) onwl opixn`e zliah meyn dcpc dliah `idd dl dzlr ,leahie i`ce ,zexb myl dlah `le li`edc ,xidp `le .zexb ikide ,zevn x`ya zil`xyi ikxca zbdpzn dzid `l dpi` m` ,dzcpl dlahy i"tr` ,da ixeyk`l ivn dzcpl dlah `l in opixn`c `dc ,zevn x`ya zwfgn ,mil`xyik zevna miwifgn mdyk `wec ,eixwle `niiwe zexb meyl dlahy epi`x `ly i"tr`y opixn`e e` dcp zngn elah ixd ,leahiy cr xb epi`c ol myl s` mdl dler dliah dze`c opixn`e ,ixw zngn

d"n`x zrcl zexbd dxe`kl zcnere dielz zeevnd meiwa xiibziy xg`l

d"n`x oeyl d"n zenaia

xiibzpy xbc (my) onwl opixn`c `dc ,oade rce did `ly [t"r`] mrhd ,xenb ieb ied envr oial epia mzhtye" (my) `ipzck ,`ed aezkd zxfbe ,c"a my ixd ,c"aa xiibzpy xb ,dcedi x"` o`kn ,'ebe "wcv oixz ipde `caer i`de .xb epi`e ipdn `l ixzae ,xb df miwfgen eid md ,(`"r e"n) ryedi 'xce iy` axc icaer ,wcvd ixb oick c"aa exiibzpy mixne` eide ,miebk ,exiibzp ipelt c"aay eciriy micr mdl eid `l edin eidy mircei ep`y i"tr`y ,i`xen` oild iwqn `we ixb zwfga ,mdixac lr eciriy micr mdl oi`e ,mieb


,zexb zliah meyn mdl dler dliah dze` ,onf xg`l opixn`c `de ,micner md dlaw dze`a i`ce ,elahcne ilin ipd ,zelw zvwn mricedl dyly jixv xbc `le dyly mericed `ly i"tr` caric la` ,dligzkl mixb ,devn zliah mdl dpncfpyk `l` cin elah epia xiibzp la` .dligzkl l`xyia `al md mixenb onwlck `ed ieb ,zelw zeevn llk edericed `ly epial .l"kr ,(my)
eixac xe`a dxe`kl

-
mibdpzne zeevnd icarc opifg `dc ,mipn`pe md wcv i`de .icar eed `l ,edpip ixb e`l i`e ,l`xyi ikxca `de ,hwp devn `cg ,eixiwle dzcpl dlah hwpc ,di`x `iaiy cr dkld (`"r f"n) onwl opixn`c oke ,aezkpy enk ,xn`w l`xyi za dligzkl e`iydl b"it) dyecwa b"i wxt azky dnn m"xd yxity d`xp 'qeze ,dnlydd lra) iyxtnc zi`e .(h"d a"eqi`n meyn ,dyly jixvc i`dc ,(xb d"c a"r a"q oiyeciw f"n zenai oiir) ,`ed zexenge zelw zeevn zrced zvwn mricede mxiiby exiin ,icaer zlz ipde ,(`"r dlah `le ,dyly my eid `le ,zexeng zvwne zelw eixwl lah yi`de dzcpl dlah dy`dy `l` ,cin

ikxca bdpzn epi`y lkc l"qc dxe`kl x`eane m` s` xb ied `l ,zexbd xg`l zeevnd meiwa l`xyi .zexb myl lah

eixacn di`xd ziigc


myl lahca mbc d`xp ,zexb oi` ezrcl dielz zexbd zcnere

oi`e zexbd meiq dliahd ied if` ,dliahd mcew opipiic ,zeevna wifgi `l k"g` m` mbe ,melk dixg` ,(a"r f"n) zenaia 'nbd hytke ,xnen l`xyik dil i` s`c ,eixac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd ,dlre lah xnen l`xyik aiyg ,dliahd xg` cin dia xcd zeevn zlawy epnn gken `l mlerl k"`e .w'ece .akrn mneiwe

`l` ok azk `ly ,d`xi epeyla wcwcnd mpn` dvexy ,eiexw myl laha e` ,dcp myl dlahca i` ,opifg jkitl ,zecdi zlawk devn i`dl aiygpy zexb myl ef dliah el dlrz ,zeevnd x`ya wifgn `l m` la` ,yexta zexb myl lah `ly t"r` ,xb ied `l ,l`xyik bdpzn epi`e zeevna wifgn zeevn zvwn edericede zexb myl yexta laha la`

azk `ly d`xp `lya `l` ok myl yexta lah myl `l` zexb zxg` devn

qenipelw 'xa dcedi epax zhiy


lr eqgin aezkde ,did lafi` ly dpac `nl` .eia` my
uxzl epeiqp diyewd df oeiqp eziigce

qenipelw xa dcedi epaxl iz`vn ,dfa izeidae extqa gwexd lra ly eax `xityn xi`n xa xtk yi` awri jxr ,mi`xen`e mi`pz ikxr ,(f"nwz 'nr) zixkpe dgty cle oipra ,`ixeap lr ,xceqd ip` iziywd ini lk :l"fe azky `le dpa iexw zixkpe dgty clec elld zeipynd oa mxei ik epivn ixdy ,(a"r g"q oiyeciw) epa ,did mipeciv jln lraz` za lafi` oa a`g` aizkc eia` my lr eqgiin aezkde ,dzid zixkpe ,iptn (drxd) rpkp [ik] ori" (hk,`k `-mikln) [drxd] `ia` epa inia ,[einia drxd `ia` `l] ipepf cr ,melyd dn" el xn` `edie ."ezia lr ,(ak,h a-mikln) "miaxd dityke jn` lafi`

dcedi epax oeyl qenipelw x"a gwexd ly eax

dxiibzpy cr `l` d`yp `l a`g`y uxzl dywe a`g` ly zelw ixdy ,l`xyi zxez dilr dlaiwe dxezd x`y la` dxf dceara epiid z"`e ,mraxi ixneg dxezd lk lawi `l m` xb epi` mlerl ixd ,eniiw ,dxf dcear oky lk ,cg` wecwic elit`e ,dlek (a"r 'l) mzd opiqxbc ,dnk cr wxt zexekaa `zi`cke oi` ,cg` xacn ueg dxez ixac eilr lawl `ay ieb wecwic elit` xne` dcedi xa iqei iax ,eze` oilawn ,opilawn `l op` xnel zegcl oi`e .mixteq ixacn cg` zeevn x`ya m` elit`c ,xb edixd xiibzp m` edin
13

jd lr eziiyew dgty clec ,dpa iexw zixkpe oa mxeic `dn aiyg a`g` l`xyi

[dxf dceara oky lk ,xb epi` lawn ipi` xn`]

31. ", " , . " "

,dxf dcear epiidc .dlek dxezd lkk dlewy `idy ol `wtpcke ,dxezd lka xtek eli`k da dcend lkc "myd deiv xy` meid on"c `xwn ,(`"r 'g zeixed) ezliahe ezlin oi`e ,eixac lkl `ed iebkc `hiyt ,'ebe .l"kr .[melk] (`l llk) i`n k"l`c ,zakrn zeevn zlawc l"qc x`eane `le zexb myl dlahc `nip ,lafi`n dil `iyw i`ce `l` ,carica zxeib `iede zeevnd dilr dlaw
cenll yi zlaw ezrclc zakrn zeevn

s` dxb `ied `l zeevnd dlaw `ly lkc l"qc .carica


dxe`kl rnyn zexbdc l"qc zxinya zipzen lreta zeevnd zexbd xg`

zlawc l"qc ,dfn xzei eixacn cenll yi mpn` xg`l m` wxc ,zexbd xg`l lreta mneiw epiid zeevn f"r oia wligy edfe .zexb ied elawy dn eniiwi zexbd zeevn zlaw elit`c l"q oke ,eniiwy dxez x`yl `l m` xb epi` mlerlc y"nke ,zexb `ied `l ziwlg .f"r oky lk ,cg` wecwc elit`e dlek dxezd lk lawi

eixacn di`xd ziigc


aex zrcl oi`y mipey`xd zeevn zlaw `gip ,zakrn

lafi` dxiibzpy l"ic ,eia` a`g`l mxedi z` aezkd `iede zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`c zeevn zlaw `la xn`p m` elit`e ,zexb myl mzqa dlahy oeik zxeib `wec edf ,zakrn zeevn zlawy ediinirce 'qezdk lreta dniiw `l elit`e zexbd dilr zlawny dxdvdd k"g` ciny s` ,dita dlawy oeik jkitle ,zexbd xg` u"ayxd zaeyza x`eancke ,dxb `ied ,f"r dcar care zexbd xg`l cin exeql xfgy xbc (f"n 'iq b"g) eiyecwe ,cneyn l`xyik aeyge ezexb dlha `l ,f"r (a"r f"n sc) zenaia 'nbd hyt dfy zn`ae ,oiyeciw xcd i` s`e xac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd lahe lny lkc .y"r ,oiyeciw eiyeciw dia

f"r oia wlgl yiy ccvn seqalc d`xp mpn` x`y oial ,xb ied `l carica elit`c law `l m`c xbl edelaw m` `icdl mlaw `l elit` caricac zeevn rnync "oilawn oi`" oeyl wiiccke .xb ied carica .dligzkl ,dvxiz `ly diyewa cnr `ed mb z`fn cal oa mxedi z` aezkd qgii k"` recn df ceqi itlc lafi` eni`l `l` qgiizn epi` `lde ,a`g`l a`g` .diebd lirl miiepnd mipey`xd aex zhiy itl mpn` qgii i`n` `gip ,zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`c

seqalc d`xp oia wlgl ccvn dlg `lc f"r carica zexbd zeevnd x`yl dlgy

ezhy hytl zpzen zexbdc zeevnd meiwa ,zexbd xg` eziiyew zx`yp a`g` oa mxein

ikcxn zedbd zhiy


,ikixv `l ipde ,mikln ogly meyn `l` `nrh `l miqxeby mixtq yi :l"fe yxit xeacd seqae miyrp mlek `l` ,dnly inia `le cec inia elaw lldc dinwl `z`c `edde ,[mixenb] (mixexb) mixb odk did`y zpn lr ipxiib xn`e (`"l zay) oke ,miny myl zeyrl eteqy did geha ,lecb zz`c `idd ,(c"n zegpn) zlkzd wxta xnel yi eze`l `yp`y zpn lr ipxiib dxn`e iaxc dinwl ,(i"w 'iq) zenaia ikcxn zedbdl

ep`vne

d`xp heicdd ip` :l"fe azky ,zycegn dhiy liayay epl recie ,xiibzdl epiptl `ay inc ,il ,il di`xe ,mlawl oi` ,miyer md xac zlrez milawn oi` ,x"z ,(c"k sc) zenaic ipy wxtn mixb elaw `l ,ea `veik ,giynd zenil mixb zetqez eywde ,dnly inia `le cec inia `l `ed icinc ,evxze ,izibd izi`ne drxt zan

zedbd oeyl zenaia ikcxn i"w 'iq

, , : " " ', ", " " , , , . " " ": " . ] , [ ', , " ' .


milawn oi` ipzwc] dingp iaxc `ziixak `lc jkle ,md mixb mleky wqt `xen`e ,el` mixb xaky oia yexit ,dligzkl caric oia xtqd wlgn yginl `ki`e ebdp `l oiicrl ,dxyi jxc ebdp `ziixac `nzq mbe ,[zlrezl `l` ebdp `ly `pz ogky` `le ,dnlye cecn ikd xzal opiziinc d`xp `l izeaxne ,izazk il d`xpy dne ,biltc zedbd l"kr ,oryidl oi` izpia lre ,ef dcin il .ikcxn

-
zeidl jixv dxezd on `icdl `nl` .l"kr ,cinlz myl wqtc b"r`e ,miny myl didi eteqy geha ep`yk ok ixg`l l"i ,mixenb mixb mlek dkld miyer dligzny t"r` mdikxc mixyiny mi`ex ,inp dligzkl ikd i` jixtc `de ,zeyi` myl 't] miny myl ok mb oipeekznyk xnel dvex ,ipyn ikd elit`e ,[dxyi jxca mibdpzny mi`exy mixacl mzpeek ok enkc oeik ,dty zefl meyn weqti `xen`dy xneln ,ok il d`xp xzeie ,mixg`

xiibzpay eweic ,zeyi` myl dielz zexbd m`a zcnere mdikxc mixyiin zexbd xg`

eixacn di`xd ziigc


.`picl ef ezxaq lr jnq `l envr `edy xg`
awri 'x oe`bd ahew c"a` xey zegcl jix`d zedbd ixac l"pd ikcxn

zligz z` `iad g"qx 'iqa i"ad oxn dpde `ay inc l"p :l"fe l"pd ikcxn zedbd ixac oi` ,miyer md zlrez liayay epl recie ,xiibzdl dn eli`e .l"kr ,xacl zei`x dnk `iade ,mlawl mdikxc mixyiin mpi` m` carica elit`c miiqy jda l"q `lc rnyne ,`iad `l ,mixb mpi` zlrezl xiibzdl `ac azky dna `l` ,dizeek c"k sca zyxetn `xnb idefc ,oilawn oi` xac 'iq r"eya wqt oke ,mlawl oi` dligzklc a"r carica s`c epeyl meiq z` la` ,a"i sirq g"qx exyiy epi`x `l m` mixb mpi` melaw m` `lc meyn ,i"ad wizrd `l df z` ,mdizegxe` mlek dkldc 'nbd hytk l"q daxc`c ,ikd l"q m`c ,sirqd seqa r"eya `icdl x`iay enke ,mixb `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,eixg` ewca `l ixd ,milil` care xfg elit`e ,xb ied ,xiibzn zhiyk edfe ,oiyeciw eiyecwy xnen l`xyik `ed mixb mlek caricac f"id a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd mipey`xd aex zhiy `id oke ,mda exfg elit`e .'nbd xe`aa eixac miiq envr ikcxn zedbd mb

'iq 'e zxaeg 'a jxk f"h dpy) sq`nd oegxia mb xey awri 'x oe`bd zaeyz z`aen ('b ze` a"r zedbd ixac lr ce`n dnzy lilbde ahew w"wca` 'iq g"g) xdh ixry xtqa k"ke .y"r l"pd ikcxn [zedbdy] oeiky ,wl`ee l`ixfr 'x oe`bdl ,(d"pw

i"aa oxnc d`xp dizeek l"q `l azky dna `l` eixac zligza azky dna `le eixac meiqa

ixry xtqa mb oi`y azk xdh ixac lr jenql (n"dbd) cinlzd axd mewna (eizeax)

d`xp `l izeaxny" ,eixac seqa 'k envra ikcxn cinlzd lr jk lk jenql epl dnl ,"ef dcn il oi` ezpia lre" envra azk oke ?axd mewna d`xpke ,dkldl ezenk weqtl oi`y 'k ixd ,"orydl `l la` ecenil jxc el d`xpy dn wx ok azky ,miwqetd lka mitl`l el` mixack epivne ,dkldl .c"kr [zedbd] ixac zn`ay xdh ixryd azk cer `ly xac xne`e `a `ed ji`c ,midenz ikcxnd d`xp mpn` .oiirn lkl x`eank 'nba `vnp :'ky 'nba d`vnp `ly zg` dln siqed ikcxndy l"i ,"mixenb" mixb mlek dkld myl wqtc b"r`e t"r` ,mdikxc mixyiiny mi`ex ep`y ok ixg`l dfa siqed dpd .'eke zeyi` myl miyer dligzny el didy xyt`e .`zil df 'nbae "mixenb" zlin dn lk gpen dfa c"prtle .ely 'nba efk `qxib eixac lkn daxc`c ,eyexitk yxtl el gixkdy ,[miceyg] mixb wx zeidl mlawl eli`y gken xg` mdikxc z` mixyiin eidiy mikixv `l i`cea mpi`y l"pd zeklda m"anxd wqty enke .zexbd cr" "mdl miyyeg lecbd c"a dide" ,wcv ixb `l n"n ,mixb eidy t"r`y ixd ,"mzwcv x`aziy xg`l la` ,"mzwcv x`aziy cr" mixenb mixb eid

ixac xe`a xdh ixryd zedbd zrca ick ikcxn dpwa elriy hyt mr cg` ocic 'nb

mpn`

lre ,ef dcn il d`xp `l izeaxne" :df oeyla `l x"ndbd mby ixd ,k"r ,"oryidl oi` izpia xk`nheb `"xbd k"ke ,dyrnl eyecg lr jnq wew d"i`xbde ,(f"t 'iq) c"ei eizeaeyza 'uciixbn jenql oi`y ,(b"pw 'iq) c"ei odk zrc z"eya l"vf eizeaxy azk envr `edy xg` x"ndbd ixac lr k"`e .eyecg lr jenql oi` oklye ok mixaeq mpi` ,epeyl meiq i"ad wizrd `l df mrhn mbc l"i

ikcxn zedbd jnq `l envr k"ke eyecig lr mipexg` dnk


zrca xg` xe`a ikcxn zedbdd

df ixde .mixenb mixb md ixd ,mzwcv x`aziy zeidl ickc ,ikcxnd [zedbd] azky dn oirk ynn d`xp xen`ke ,mdikxc xyiil mikixv "mixenb mixb" mlerny `vnp .ok yxit okle 'nba ezqxib did oky z` xyiin epi` m`y ikcxnd [zedbd] azk `l epi` (zlrez myl xiibzp m`) ,zexbd xg` eikxc icky ok azk ok` ,m"cdl `ed df lkc ,llk xb la` ,k"g` eikxc xyiil jixv ,"xenb xb" zeidl i`ceac ,llk dfl jixv oi` ,xb wx zeidl ick k"g` eikxc xyiin m` ,`xnegl xb `edy opixn` m"anxd 'ky enke ,xiibzp n"ny oeikn ,e`l e` ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` :my f"ida mbe .'eke m"ekrd llkn `vi ,lahe lne li`ed xyiil jixv xenb xb zeidly `l` ,ok xaeq ikcxnd cr m"anxd azky dn dfe ,zexbd xg` eikxc oia llk zwelgn oi`y `vnpe .ezwcv x`aziy .m"anxdl ikcxnd iax oe`bdl dpedk igxt z"eya encw

ezhiy hytl mbc xnel c"rlp l"pd lk calne m`a zcnere dielz zexbdc ikcxn zedbdd ly `l` eixac z` azk `l ,mdizegxe` mixyiin oirl zi`xp daiq oi` m` la` ,daiq myl xiibzpa dbpy oebk ziaeig daiq yi m` oky lke ez`ial ,icedi yibxne l`xyi rxfn `edy e` 'd xe` eilr ly i`pzl jixv oi`y dcen ikcxn zedbdd mb dfa :izgiy x`a`e .mdizegxe` mixyiin `adc `kidc eixac gzt ikcxnd zedbd dpd oebk xac zlrez liaya dyery epl reci xiibzdl ,elawl oi`y oicdy ,daiq lk e` dyi` `yil (:c"k) zenaic oizipznc `pic xwirn df oic dpeye `l df ixd dxiibzpe miakek zcaerd lr orhpd zefl meyne dqipkd oiiprl ixii` mzdc ,qepki oiiprl ixii` `l la` ,iq` ax yxtnck miizty ,zexb dzexbe ,dxiibzp xak ixdy zexbd dpic `l` cgeina oecl dn did `l dxiibzpyke la` ,mxiibl yiy xiibzdl mi`ad miieb x`yk lky ,mircei epgp`e xiibzdl mi`ayk `kd ixii` mlawl oi`y dfa oicd ,daiq meyl `id dpekd oi`y exn`y dnn di`x dfl `iade ,dligzkl mixb elaiw `ly enk ,giynd zenil mixb milawn mixexb mixb eyrp mdy wx) cece dnly inia ,daiq meyl wx mi`a el` lky reci ik (mdil`n oglyl ikixv `lc ,izbd izi`e drxt zaa okle sc zenai i"yxt oiire) `yyg mey `kil ,mikln .(`"r e"r b"it) a"eqi` 'da m"anxd azky

ikcxn zedbdd z` azk `l `l` eixac daiql xiibzpa

ikcxn zedbddn xacny wiiecn mirceiya `wec myl xiibzny oi` f`c daiq dligzkl elawl edelaw m`e ezexb dielz xyiin m`a la` eizegxe` mzq edelawa ezexb dielz oi` eizegxe` xeyiia

xake

zedbd zrc xaqda ('i 'iq) r"d` l"vf odkd cerqn exyiiy cr oizndl jixvc y"nc ,l"pd ikcxn epiid ,mixenb mixb mzeid oiiprl ixiin ,mdizegxe` ,mzite mpiin wgxzdl `lye mixeqi`d lr mipn`p xnen icedik zegtle mzq mixbl mayegl la` wxtc oiibeqke ,heyt df ,oiyeciw odiyeciwy oiiprl ixd ,dlre lahy oeikc (a"r f"n zenai) ulegd .oiyeciw eiyeciw dia xcd i`c ,xenb l`xyik `ed .c"kr ixac itl elit`y ,l"pd xdh ixryd azk cer eze` epi`x m`y di`x oi` ,ikcxnd zdbde ikcxnd ,rxtnl ezexb dlha ,eikxc xyiin epi`y k"g` ixde ,`adle o`kn wx zexbd dlhay mixaeqy l"ic df lky `l` ."onfl zexbd" eilr dzid eli`k df oke ,onfl zexb dkiiy `l i`cec ,ipira d`xp oi` zedbd elit`e .onf xg`l lr zexb dkiiy `l e`aed `ly xg`n n"n ,mipey`xdn didy ikcxnd `ed ze` ,l"f `"nxd i"r `le i"ad i"r `l eixac mi`ian `"nxde i"ad `ldy ,dkldn ezxaq egcy zedbdn mby ze`xdl ok izazk la` .eixac cinz c"kr ,rxtnl zexbd drwtpy di`x oi` ikcxn .xdh ixryd

encw xak igxt z"eya df xaqda dpedk zedbdd zrca ikcxn

,df xe`a itl mb ly eixac ikcxnd zedbdd dpwa miler mpi` zrc mr cg` m"anxd

t"r`e]

oeyny oke o`ype miyp dnly xiiby itle (f"hd `l` el` exfg `ly reci xacde ,`ype xiib lahy xg`n ... (f"id my) miiqe ,xac liaya dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle ,l`xyik dyrp zeyp iabl zn`ae ,oceq dlbpy t"r`e odizeyp mdikxc exyiiy mda xnel jiiy `l oeynye dnly `"it `"n) aezkd dnly lr cird ixdy seqal eid `ly i`cea k"` ,eaal z` ehd eiypy (c"t zedbd zhiyl r"v dfe ,mdikxc zexyiine zexyk [ikcxn 'qezd evxizy lld iptl `ay `edda

ixryd zpwqn zrca xdh ikcxn zedbd l"pd

oke

`edda l"i oke y"yl zeyrl eteqy did gehay


zedbdd ixac lk ixiin ikcxn myl xiibzna daiq

-
xiibzdl melaw dnl uexizd ,el` lkay ,zlkzdc miyrnak daiq myl wx mi`ay y`xn reciy t"r` did xeibdy zlkzda oke ,my 'nba `zi`cke llda dligzkln xexa didy xg`n n"n ,oi`eyip myl myl eidiy mteq n"n ,daiql xeibl mi`ay t"r`y m` ,xryl e` zrcl mileki epgp` df z`e ,miny dfae ,zeevnd lk miniiwny i"r mdikxc mixyiin mi`ayk mb xeibl lawl c"a zrcl lewiy yi .daiql xe`iaa ikcxnd zedbdd dywzp df itly `l` ixg` 'nbd ixdy ,inp dligzkl d"` jixtc 'nbd epiidc mixb mlek xne`d ixack dkld dvxizy ogley meyl exiibzpya elit` mixb eed carica zxeibd z` qepki inp dligzkl ikd i` ,mikln dzid dzpeek lky s`e c"aa dxiibzp xaky efd zexba wetwt oi` ixdy ,yi`l `ypil liaya opz i`n`e ,daiq meyl wx ok dzyry elit` t"kr rnyne .zefl meyn ipyne ,dp`yi `l meyly ezhiyl dywe ,`ilrn zexb `ied zexbdy ,daiq meyl zexb `ied `de ,oixiibn oi` daiq xwira dil iraiz oi`eyipl dqipkd lr jixtc`e .zexbd ixiin mzd mbc ikcxnd zedbd

xiibzdl `adyk ixiin eixaca oeicd lk t"kre daiq meyn wx xeibl `ay ,`ayk xexiaa ea eprci mixyiinyk dielz ezexb didze ,elawl oi` okle eteqay dpad dzid dnecke lldae ,okn xg`l mdikxc .miny myl `eai

lld laiwy dn `ay xb eze` z` dze` oke daiql wxta dy` delawy zlkzd xexa didy meyn myl mteqy miny

ezhiy lky x`al c"qa dvex ip`

dzrne

dligzkl oicdy ,daiq meyl mi`ayk wx `ed dfa `zrnyc `hytn `vei df oic ik ,oilawn oi` dfd onfa xiibzdl `ay xb x"z (`"r f"n) zenai azke ,'eke xiibzdl z`ay zi`x dn el mixne` dpekpd devndy (c"id b"it) a"eqi` 'lda m"anxd eixg` oiwcea ,xiibzdl zxeibd e` xbd `eaiyk dkfiy dxxy liaya e` lehiy oenn llba `ny `ed yi` m`e ,zcl qpkil `a cgtd iptn e` dl m`e ,zicedi dy`a ozp eipir `ny eixg` oiwcea ixegan xegaa dpzp dipir `ny oiwcea `id dyi` mze` miricen dlir mdl `vnp `l m` ,l`xyi ,xiibzdl `ad zaiq wecal yiy ixd ,y"r 'eke 'nba ,daiq mdl `vnp `le ewca m` df znerle oi` m` xnelk ,oiricene cin eze` oilawn xn`w jildz ligzn f`y ixd ,ez`ial oirl zi`xp daiq witqn ,zeaiqdn daiq xcrd zexg` milinae ,xeibd oebk ,ziaeig daiq yi m` y"ke] ,exiibl n"r `edy e` ,stezqdl dvexe ,dpikyd xe` eilr dbpy o`ke ,[xg` mewna izkx`dy enke ,l`xyi rxfn ,k"g` eikxc xeyiia ezexb zelzl oiipr epl oi` xyiiy mikixvn epgp` daiq meyl `aa `wecc oirl zi`xpd daiq mey el oi`yk la` .eikxc eze` oilawnc 'nbc `picl oixcd .xiibzdl utge okle ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr oiaxn oi`e ,cin `ed dia ixd `pixw dlre xnen lah (a"ra my) 'nba za heyt ycwne eiyeciwe dia xcd i`c `zkld i`nl ,eixac lkl l`xyik l`xyi ,l`xyi dxe`kl iywz `zyde .k"r ,oiyeciw

zedbdd ziyew exe`ia lr ikcxn 'nbd oeyln

uxzne

evexz

ixii` i`c dyw mle` ,minyl ok mb oiekznyk zefl meyn dt eyyg dnl ikd i` y"yl mipeekzna i`n` llda oke ,eyyg `l zlkzdc `iddae miizty wlgn jklc x`al siqed xbqena mpn` ,eyyg `l ebdp xaky `kid oia 'it ,dligzkl caric oia xtqd `ly yginl `ki`e ,ebdp `l oiicrl dxyi jxc zxeibdy ,uxzl oiekzpe ,zlrezl `l` exiibzp `l ikdle yginl `ki` oiicr ,dilr miprhpy zefll opiyiigc i`c wegc df uexiz mbe ,dp`yi zefld ,oi`eyipd myl dzid zexbdy miizty mikxcd xeyii meyn ddkz e` dpzyz `l miizty xwir oiipra efk dprhl mewn yi cinz ixdy ,dly oia miiwzy oia eliaya `l` dxiibzp `ly zexbd yibxde ,ce`n miwegc mnvr mixacde ,miiwz `ly eixac z` miiqc dnn gkenck ikcxn zedbdd mda .y"r

`iilz mleray zexb lk i`c ikcxn zedbd zhiyl dia opixw i`n` ,dia xcd ik k"` ,eikxc xeyiia `l` ,(m"anxd y"nk f"r car m` elit`e) l`xyi meyl xiibzn oi`y `nlrc xba ikcxndl mbc i`ce zeevnd meiwa ezexb zelzl oiipr mey oi` ,daiq .llk


zhiy lr wleg (f"ida) m"anxdy xexa mpn` eixg` ewca `ly xbc `icdl azk ixdy ,ikcxn zedbd dyely ipta lahe oypere zeevnd edericed `ly e` `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd oiyyege ,miiebd llkn `vi ,lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn dliahd dyrn i"r l"x ,y"r ,ezwcv x`aziy cr el mbd oiyeciw eiyeciwe ,miiebd llkn `vi dlinde epii oizey oi`y jka z`hazn ef `yyge ,el oiyyegc df znerle ,eipic lkl `ed l`xyi n"ne ,xnen l`xyik ,daiq meyl xiibzpe exeql xfgy oeik ikcxndlc okzii didi dn `prci `l ,caric oiiprle ,drexb zexb ied y"n lk ,didi `ly ji` ,xiibzp xaky carica oicd `iadl yie ,xen`ke daiq myl `aa `ed ikcxn zedbdd ielz oi` ,daiq meyn xiibzdl `a `ly `kidc di`x ,r"ekl k"g` zeevnd meiwa xwire llk ezexb oiipr `zi`c i`n lr jixt 'nba ixdy ,dligzkl elit`e ,h"n ,eze` oiricene zi`x dn el mixne` `ziixaa ,h"n dl`yd dn denz `zyde ,yextp yixt i`c ipyne iceqi wlgy xn`p m` ixd ,zeevnd zrced lr xfegy efy l"i ok m` ,k"g` mneiwe zeevnd zlaw `ed zexba myxzdl e` eze` oegal ick zeevnd el oiriceny daiqd 'nbde ,oiekzn epi` e` miiwl oiekzn m` ,ezpeek zepkn `le xiibzi `ly i"yxte yextp yixt i`c zvxzn `ipdl ick `ed zeevnd el oiriceny dn l"xc ,ol ztk` elld zeevnd lk el oiriceny ,xiibzdl epevxn eze` ypri miiwi `l m`e ,mniiwl aeigd eilr didi dzrny ef dcinl z`a `ly cr `ziixad dxn`y enke ,odilr caek mze` miricen" (c"ida) m"anxd oeyl d"ke ,'eke ick zevx`d inr lr dziiyra yiy gxehe dxezd ler `le ,eyxtiy ick mze` oiriceny epiidc ,"eyextiy .k"g` meiwa mzepivxa oigapy e` eniiwiy ick azk y"nn `ede ,xg` weic wiicl mewn yi cere e`xe eyxt `le elaiw m`" ,eixac jynda my m"anxd ik `xze xn`py mze` milawn ,dad`n exfgy mze` m` l"xc ,"dil` xacl lcgze dz` zkll `id zvn`zn enke eyxtiy dzid dzxhny mdl exn`y drcedd elaw ,"dad`n exfgy mze` e`xe" eyxt `le ,df iptl azky e`xy mbe eyxt `le elaiwy ilin ixz eed dxe`klc 'eke mze` e`xe y"ny xnel yi mle`e ,dad`n exfgy mixba `kd ixii` ixdy ,dad`n exfgy ,dfa mi`ex l"x `l` k"k gxken epi` mpn`e ,daiq meyl `ly mi`ay
zegcl xyt` xnele df weic mb opira izxzc mdl ep`vn `ly gkeepy mbe daiq dad`n mixfegy m"anxd ixacn m`ac wiicl yi jildn eyxt `l ixg` xeibd mrizxdl epqipy mixfegy `xwp dad`n `lay di`x daiq myl xiibzp ezexb dielz oi` xeyiia r"ekl xg`l eizegxe` zexbd

ep` mikixv ,ez`iady daiq el ep`vn `ly s`c l"x ixi`ndl izi`x df oirke ,"dad`n xfeg"y ze`xl dligz eixg` oiwcea xiibzdl `ay iebd" :l"fe azky epi`y e`vne ewcayke ,ok dyer `ed daiq efi`l `ny zpen` zn` cvne mly ala `l` ,daiq meyl xiibzn d"ca eixac jynda cer k"ke ,'eke "eze` oiricen ,one` xiibzdl eplv` `a `edyky" 'eke x`al eplgzd xak dpen` xwirn `l` daiq meyl `ly edepwcae edepxwge e`vn `ly dnn uegy ixd ,y"r ,'eke "el oixne` ,one` zpen`e zn` cvn `ay `l` daiq meyl xiibzny dvexe 'da oin`ny cvn `diy oikixv t"kry ixd y"nl miribn mixacdy xyt`e ,icedid mrl gtzqdl ,'eke zcd ixwir eze` oiriceny (a"d c"ita) m"anxd okle zexbde zecdide zcd xwir edfy cibnd axd azke iqiqad oevxd el `diy t"kr mikixv okle ,dfa oikix`n h"iw 'iq c"ei) yi` oefgd mb azk df oirke 'da dpen`de cr rcei ied el mixne`y drcedd mvrn ,ab`e .('a ze` mixne`y mi`ex ,'eke alg zlk` ef dcinl z`a `ly zniiw `l m`y dcak zeixg` jilr legz dzrny el lkn yextl oiicr dzr `ed lekie ,yprp dz` zeevnd
`ly gken dfn "xer iptl" jiiy m` mixiibnl xiibznd lyki zexbd xg` mixeqi`a

wleg m"anxd zhiy lr ikcxn zedbdd

wlg y"n zegcl di`x `iadl yi dfne ,zexbd oiipr `ly in exiib m`y carica oicd m` mby ,mipexg`dn `l xer iptl lr mixaer n"n zexb ied zeevn xenyi zay lelge dxez ixeqi`a dzrn lykiy leykn ozz oiibeqne ['b ze` d"l 'iq `"g dnly zgpn z"eya oiir] ick df lk el oiricen `axc`e ,dfl opiyiig `lc gken mixaer mpi` md mbe ,xer `le xaca gwt zpigaa `diy .w"ece leykn ozz `l xer iptl meyn dnkn ikcxn zedbddn di`xd z` zegcl yi mekql dfe dizeek dfa l"q `l i"aa oxnc meyn (` :minrh .mteq z` `le eixac zligz z` wx `iady dnn gken azke eyecg lr jnq `l envr ikcxn zedbdd (a .ezpia lr orydl oi`ye eixack d`xp `l eizeaxny hyt cbpe mipey`xd lk cbp eixacy eazk mipexg`d (b eazk mipexg` dnk (c .eixac lr jenql oi`e 'nbd zeibeq mdizegxe` exyiiy cr oizndl jixvy azk `ly eixaca lky xnel yi (d .mixeqi`d lr mipn`p mzeid oiprl `l` xiibzny in oiprl `l` epi` ikcxn zedbdd azky dn mb mzqa `l` daiq myl xiibzn epi`a la` ,daiq myl .zexbd xg` eizegxe` xeyia dielz ezexb oi`y dcen `ed

ziigc mekq ikcxndn di`xd

)(`"p 'iq `"g oxd` dhn gxt z"eya odkd miig oa oxd` epax oencwd oe`bd

d
"" , " , " ".

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)(`"r `"i zeaezkle a"r g"n zenail eiyecga q"zg

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)(`"iw 'iq a"g 'b `xecdn zrce mrh aeh z"eya l"vf xbelw dnly 'x oe`bd d`xedd cenr

d
, " , , , , , , ".
)(`"r `"i sc zeaezkl eiyecga dpy miyinge miiz`nk iptln ewexnn oencw oe`b o`xni`n dyn epax

xba zeevn zlaw oipra m"anxd zrc

`ean
". " , , , , .

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m"anxd zepeyl
`le" xn`y ez`pe`a dxdf`a dyry enk ztqep ...(xda) "ezinr z` yi` epez

ciae zeevnd xtqa m"anxd zepeyl e`aei oldl :di`pze mixbd zlaw lr wiicl yi mdny ,dwfgd
:f"x dyr zevn m"anxl zeevnd xtq
`ede ,mixbd z` aed`l epevy ,`id f"xd devnde `didy t"r`e ,"xbd z` mzad`e" (i awr) 'zi exn ,"jenk jrxl zad`e" exn`a l`xyi mr dfa llkp

:d"px dyrz `l zevn


df z`pe`n ok mb epxidfdy ,`id d"pxd devnde ayi jnr" (my) 'zi exn` `ede .epil` gxead card ,ok mb ea ixtq oeyle ."eppez `l el aeha jaxwa "'zi siqedy enk ik .mixac z`pe` ef ,"eppez `l ,ezexbe eytp zylegl (apx z"l) xbd z`pe`a e`l

qpkpy xeara la` ,wcv xb xbd dfy itl


devn el cgiie dad` l`d el siqed epzxeza


:a dkld
lk`i `l lxr lke" xn`py mixvna dzid dlin dlin zixa elhia mleky ,epiax dyn mze` ln ,"ea jzixae" xn`p df lre ,iel hayn ueg ,mixvna ."exevpi

xzei `edy card z`pe`a iyily e`l ok mb siqed df xn`z `ly cr ,xbd on lty xzeie ytpd yelg dfy `ed x`eane .mixac z`pe`n yiiazi `l car xidfdy xbd df oke aezkd ea xacy card

mnvr lr dxezd elaw mdipy mpn` ,ez`pe`n .wcv ixb mde :c dkld e wxt zerc zekld
izy ,dpikyd itpk zgz qpkpe `ay xbd zad` zg`e ,mirix llka `edy iptn zg` ,dyr zevn ,"xbd z` mzad`e" dxn` dxezde ,xb `edy iptn envr zad` lr devy enk xbd zad` lr dev ade` envr d"awd ,"jidl` 'd z` zad`e" xn`py ."xb ade`e" xn`py mixb

:b dkld
xn`py ,dxez ozn mcew xacna dzid dliahe ,oaxwe ,"mzelny eqake xgne meid mzycwe" ,"zeler elrie l`xyi ipa ixrp z` glyie" xn`py .meaixwd l`xyi lk i"r

:c dkld zixal qpkidl m"ekrd dvxiyk ,zexecl oke ler eilr lawie dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle
m`e ,oaxw z`vxde dliahe dlin jixv :dxez dn ,"xbk mkk" xn`py ,oaxwe dliah ,`id dawp xbd s` oaxw z`vxde dliahe dlina mz` .oaxw z`vxde dliahe dlina zexecl

f dkld ` wxt dlin zekld


m`e ,dlgz dlin aiig l`xyi ldwl qpkpy xb meia zixa mc epnn sihdl jixv ,m"ekr didyk ln ...xiibzpy

:d dkld
ipy e` mixez izy e` dnda zler ,xbd oaxw edne ,oaxw my oi`y dfd onfae ,dler mdipye dpei ipa `iai ycwnd zia dpaiyke ,dliahe dlin jixv .oaxw

:`i dkld ai wxt d`ia ixeqi` zekld elawe zecar myl mze` eliahdy micard
e`vi ,mda miaiig micardy zevn mdilr jkitl ,e`a `l l`xyi llkle m"ekrd llkn zgty cg`e ezgty cg` ,oixeg oal dxeq` dgtyd zecxn zkn eze` oikn dgtyd lr `ade ,exiag ozep oec`dy dxeza yxetn ixdy ,mixteq ixacn ,el zxzen `ide ixard ecarl ziprpk dgty ."dy` el ozi eipec` m`" xn`py

:e dkld
cr xb epi` ,ln `le lah e` ,lah `le lny xb li`ede ,dyly ipta leahl jixve ,leahie leniy `le zaya eze` oiliahn oi` ,c"a jixv xacde .xb f"d edeliahd m`e ,dlila `le h"ia

:ci dkld
oi` ,dxiar zryae `iqdxta elit`e dgty lr `ad ,zepzg jxc dgty gwl m` oke ,ea oirbet oi`pwd

:f dkld
,el `id zekfy ,c"a zrc lr eze` oiliahn ohw xb ,dliah jixv dpa oi` ,dlahe dxiibzpy zxaern elit`e envr oial epia xiibzpe envr oial epia lah epic ziaa izxiibzp xn`e `a ,xb epi` ,mipy ipta cr ldwa `al on`p epi` ,ipeliahde ipelt ly .micr `iaiy

dlawe dlahy zrny ,dxezd on dwel epi`


.m"ekrd llkn dzvi zevn

:fi dkld lk odilr elawie exiibziyk mlek m"ekrd lk od ixd ,exxgzyiyk micarde dxezay zevnd
didi zg` dweg ldwd xn`py ,xac lkl l`xyik ...mkl

:g dkld
xn`e mipa el yie zxeibl e` zil`xyil ieyp did envr z` leqtl on`p ,invr oial ipia izxiibzp ziaa laehe xfege ,mipad z` leqtl on`p epi`e .oic

:` dkld b"i wxt d`ia ixeqi` zekld dlina :zixal l`xyi eqpkp mixac dylya
.oaxwe dliahe


:`i dkld

:h dkld
oebk ,cinz l`xyi ikxca zbdep depi`xy zxeib `veike dzqirn dnexz yixtze dzcpl leahzy eixwl laehy l`xyi ikxca bdepy xb oke ,dfa t"r`e ,wcv ixb zwfga el` ixd ,zevnd lk dyere t"r`e ,exiibzpy in iptl oicirny micr my oi`y cr mze` oi`iyn oi` ,l`xyia axrzdl e`a m` ok ewfgede li`ed ,epipta elahiy cr e` micr e`iaiy .m"ekr

oiliahne oiln jk ,mixbd z` oiliahne oilny myk ,zecar myl m"ekrd on migwlpd micard z` oa myl lahe card mcwe m"ekrd on car gweld ipixd dliah zra xn`iy `ede ,envr dpw ,oixeg epi` ,eax ipta lah m`e ,zexib myl mkipta laeh jixv jkitl ,xxgzyp lahy oeik `l` ,yxtl jixv ,eceariy zgz `ede dlriy cr mina etwzl eax oi`e ,eliahn zecar myly oipiicd ipta ericene

zvwny ,xbk meiae dyly ipta `l` laeh card


.`ed zexib

:i dkld
,c"aa xiibzpe m"ekr didy xn`e `ay in la` mixac dna ,xizdy dtd `ed xq`y dtdy ,on`p lkd zwfgy minid oze`ae l`xyi ux`a mixen` `iadl jixv ,ux`l dvega la` ,l`xyi zwfga my dlrn efy xne` ip`e ,zil`xyi `yi k"g`e di`x .oiqgeia

:ai dkld
dyly ipta zxg` dliah jixv card xxgzyiyk

jixv oi`e ,l`xyik didie ezexib xnbiz eay meia xaky zcd ixwir ericedle zevn eilr lawl .zecar myl lahyk edericed daxd mixb eid k"tr`e ,wcvd ixibn epi` ,mlerd ,zeheicd ipta dnlye cec inia mixiibzn
oze` oigec `l ,mdl oiyyeg lecbd c"a eide d`xzy cr oze` oiaxwn `le ,n"kn elahy xg` .mzixg`

:bi dkld
z` oiliahn my ,dcp zliahl xykd dewnae xac lke .mixxgeynd z`e micard z`e mixbd .mixxgeynae micarae mixba uveg ,dcpa uvegy

:ci dkld z` riyend oeynyy jzrc lr dlri l` 'd cici `xwpy l`xyi jln dnly e` l`xyi
jk xacd ceq `l` ,ozeiba zeixkp miyp e`yp zxeibd e` xbd `aiyk dpekpd devndy ,`ed e` lehiy oenn llba `ny eixg` oiwcea xiibzdl qpkdl `a cgtd iptn e` dl dkfiy dxxy liaya ozp eipir `ny eixg` oiwcea ,`ed yi` m`e ,zcl dipir `ny oiwcea ,`id dy` m`e ,zicedi dy`a mdl `vnp `l m` ,l`xyi ixegan xegaa dpzp yiy gxehe dxezd ler caek oze` oiricen ,dlir elaw m` ,eyextiy ick zevx`d inr lr dziiyra milawn ,dad`n exfgy oze` e`xe eyxit `le dz` zkll `id zvn`zn ik `xze" xn`py ,oze` ."dil` xacl lcgze

:fh dkld
xiib oeyny oke ,o`ype miyp dnly xiiby itle ,xac liaya `l` el` exfg `ly reci xacde ,`ype od eli`k aezkd oayg ,mexiib c"a it lr `le

lr oteq gikedy cere ,oicner oxeqi`ae m"ekr odl epae odly m"ek zecaer ody ozlgz
xn`py o`pa `ed eli`k aezkd eilr dlrde zena ."dna dnly dpai f`"

:fi dkld
zevnd edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb elit` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne oypere

lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep x`aziy cr el oiyyege m"ekrd llkn `vi `ed ixd ,m"ek care xfg elit`e ,ezewcv devne ,oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik ,l`xyik dyrp lahy xg`n ezcia` xifgdl t"r`e odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle .oceq dlbpy

:eh dkld
,dnlye cec ini lk mixb oic zia elaw `l jkitl `ny dnly iniae ,exfg cgtd on `ny cec inia l`xyi da eidy dlecbde daehde zeklnd liaya iladn xac liaya m"ekrd on xfegd lky ,exfg


:d dkld
`ly ick zeprxet aex odilr `ian d"awd oi`e

-
:gi dkld
l`xyil mixb mdl miyw ,minkg exn` df iptne oirhne ,xac liaya oixfeg oaexy ,zrxv rbpk ,exiibzpy xg` mdn yextl xacd dywe ,l`xyi z` zexawae lbrd dyrna xacna rxi` dn cnle `v .dlgz oda eid seqtq`d zepeiqpd aex oke de`zd

oikix`ne ,oicner ode oilk m"ekrd lk `l` ,eca`i


lawl dvx `le ea xfg m` ,oaagl ick dfd xaca oiln `l` eze` oidyn oi` laiw m`e ,ekxcl jled zixa mc epnn oitihn ledn did m`e ,cin eze` jk xg`e ,dnily d`etx `txziy cr eze` midyne .eze` oiliahn

:` dkld c"i wxt d`ia ixeqi` zekld


on xiibzdl cg` `eaiyk :wcvd ixib oilawn cvik el mixne` ,dlir e`vni `le eixg` ewcaie m"ekrd l`xyiy rcei dz` i` ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x dn oitxehne oitgeqne mitegce miieec dfd onfa

:e dkld zevn zvwn eze` oiricene ,eiab lr oicner dylye


`ede diipy mrt zexeng zevn zvwne zelw dze` zeaiyen miyp dy` dzid m`e ,mina cner dze` oiricene ,uegan oipiicde ,dx`ev cr mina mina zayei `ide ,zexenge zelw zevn zvwn oi`veie odipt oixifgn ode mdipta zlaeh k"g`e .mind on dlrzyk dze` e`xi `ly ick

ipi`e rcei ip` xn` m` ,odilr oi`a oixeqie


.cin eze` oilawn ,i`ck

:a dkld myd cegii `edy zcd ixwir eze` oiricene oiricene .dfd xaca oikix`ne ,m"ekr xeqi`e zexeng zevn zvwne zelw zevn zvwn eze`
hwl oer eze` oiricene ,df xaca oikix`n oi`e ly oyper eze` oiricene ,ipy xyrne d`ite dgky z`a `ly cry ,rcei ied ,el mixne` ,cvik ,zevn m` ,zxk yepr dz` i` alg zlk` m` ,ef zcl xg` eiykre ,dliwq yepr dz` i` zay zllg zllg m` ,zxk yepr dz` alg zlk` m` xiibzzy

:f dkld eilr laiwy m"ekr df ayez xb `ed df i`


,gp ipa eehvpy zevnd x`y mr m"ek ceari `ly `ede eze` oilawn df ixd ,lah `le ln `le itl ,ayez eny `xwp dnle ,mlerd zene` iciqgn enk l`xyi ux`a epipia eaiyedl epl xzeny .m"ekr zeklda epx`iay

:g dkld laeidy onfa `l` ayez xb oilawn oi`e lk eilr laiw elit` dfd onfa la` ,bdep oilawn oi` cg` wecwcn ueg dlek dxezd
.eze`

oi`e ,eilr oiaxn oi`e ,dliwq yepr dz` zay ezehdle ecxhl mexbi `ny ,eilr oiwcwcn
oikyen oi` dlgzay ,drx jxcl daeh jxcn xne` `ed oke ,mikx oevx ixaca `l` mc`d z` ."dad` zezeara" k"g`e "mkyn` mc` ilaga"

:h dkld dn el oixne` oi` ,m"ekrd on gwlpd card qpkzy jpevx el mixne` `l` ,z`ay zi`x ,`l e` mixykd on didze l`xyi icar llkl zevn zvwne zcd ixwir el oiricen ,dvx m` oiriceny enk oxkye oypere zexenge zelw
eze` oiricene ,xbk eze` oiliahne xbd z` lk eilr oilblbn ,lawl dvx `l m`e ,mina `edyk xzei eniiwl xeq`e m"ekrl exkene ycg xyr mipy leahi `le leni `ly dlgzn eilr dpzd m`e ,ok lr `edyk ezceara eniiwl xzen ,ayez xb didi `l` .laeid onfa `l` dfk car oiniiwn oi`e ,ayez xb

:b dkld
oiricen jk ,zevn ly oyper eze` oiriceny myke zevn ziiyray eze` oiricene ,zevn ly oxky eze` xenb wicv mey oi`ye ,`ad mlerd iigl dkfi el` .orceie el` zevn dyery dnkgd lra `l`

:c dkld
`l` oetv epi` `ad mlerdy rcei ied el mixne`e xrva l`xyi d`xzy dfe ,l`xyi mde miwicvl oileki opi`y ,mdl dpetv `id daeh ,dfd mlera mexi `ny ,zene`k dfd mlera daeh aex lawl xn`py oiprk `ad mlerd xky eciqtie erzie mal ."hraie oexeyi onyie"

:b dkld c wxt mixekia zekld


mieb oend a`" mdxa`l xn`py ,`xewe `ian xbd

z`hge lk`y alg lk lr zg` z`hg aiig oke ,el` zeceara dfa `veik lk oke lk`y mc lr zg` dnice zay meidy gky la` zay xwir rceid lke aiig ,daxd zek`ln ea dyry t"r` ,leg `edy zay lk lr z`hg oke ,elek meid lr zg` z`hg .ea bbyy zaye

oiqpkpy elek mlerd lk a` `ed ixd "jizzp


dlgz dreayd dzid mdxa`le ,dpiky itpk zgz oi`ian miele mipdk oke ,ux`d z` eipa eyxiiy .yxbn ixr odl yiy iptn oixewe

:a dkld ` wxt dxtk ixqegn zekld t"r` ,epaxw `iad `l oiicre lahe lny xb ,epaxw `iaiy cr miycwa lek`l xeq` `edy
xb zeidl eakr epaxwy ,dxtk ixqegnn epi` lke` epi` df iptne ,l`xyi ixyk lkk zeidle xenb oeike ,l`xyi ixykk dyrp `l oiicry miycwa ,miycwa lke` xyk l`xyi dyrie epaxw `iaiy axrl miycwa lke` zixgya zg` dcixt `iad e` dnda zler xb ly epaxwy ,diipy dcixt `iaie enk ,dler odipye mixez izy e` dpei ipa ipy .zepaxwd dyrna epx`iay

:f dkld e wxt gqt oaxw zekld


xg` eilr oihgey gqtd axra lny lxr l`xyi

lne xyr drax` meia xiibzpy xb la` ,lny


ixde axrl lke` epi`y ,eilr oihgey oi` ,lahe jk xg`e mini dray jixvy xawd on yxetk `ed d`ad dpyl znl df xb `nhi `ny dxifb ,xdhi xn`ie axrl lk`ie leahie xyr drax` meia izlk`e izlah ,izlnyk ,l`xyi il eyr jk cwzy` j`ide zxka gqte mdixacn ef dxifb `lde ,axrl mei `edy oaxwd meia zxk mewna mdixac ecinrd

zevna aiigzn xbd oi`y iptn ,xyr drax`


on `txiy cr laeh epi`e ,leahie leniy cr ecinrd jkitl ,zexibd oipra epx`iay enk dlind `ly el yi lnd df ixdy ,df mewna mdixac .llk aeig icil `eai `le `ixaiy cr leahl

:`i dkld g wxt micar zekld


el siqede ,wcv xb `ed ixd ,ux`l gxay df car `edy iptn ,eze` dp`ny inl zxg` dxdf` aezkd xn`py aezkd eilr deve ,xbd on xzei gex lty "eppez `l el aeha jixry cg`a jaxwa ayi jnr" xbd z` dp`ndy cnl z`vnp ,mixac ziiped s` ef z` yi` epez `le" meyn :oie`l dylya xaer dfd ,"eppez `l" meyne ,"dpez `l xbe" meyne ,"ezinr oipra epx`iay enk "epvglz `le" meyn xaer oke .diiped

:e-d dkld b wxt dbibg zekld xn`py ,ycewd oeyla zekxade d`ixwd yiy t"r` .dpeyla z`fd dxezd z` `xwz oikdl oiaiig ,oixikn opi`y mixbe .zefrel my d`xie dni`a renyl mpf` aiywdle mal
elit` ,ipiqa ea dpzipy meik dcrxa dlibe oiaiig ,dlek dxezd lk mirceiy milecb minkg ,renyl leki epi`y ine ,dxzi dlecb dpeeka renyl

:ai dkld g wxt micar zekld


lawle lenl dvx `le mzq m"ekrd on car dpewd m`e ycg xyr mipy lk enr oilblbn ,micard zevn m`e ,ux`l dvegl e` m"ekrl exkene xfeg dvx `l xzen df ixd ,leni `ly dlgz eilr card dpzd e` m"ekrl exkene ,ezeiba ,dvxiy onf lk eniiwl litd k"g`e zecar myl lahe lny car oke ,l"gl ipica `l e`ivedl leki eax oi`e zeqiibl envr el xzen df ixd ,mlerd zene` ipica `le l`xyi ly ze`kxra dlrne azeke ,m"ekrd on einc lehil .mcin livnk `edy iptn m"ekr

wfgl `l` aezkd draw `ly ,ef d`ixwl eal oiekn itne da dehvp dzr eli`k envr d`xie ,zn`d zc ixac rinydl `ed gily jlndy ,drney dxeabd .l`d

:a dkld f wxt zebby zekld


gkye zay xwir gkeyd lk ,zaya exn` lecb llk ohw `ede daypy e` ,zayd lr l`xyi eehvpy ,m"ekrd oia `ede ohw xiibzp e` m"ekrd oial daxd zezaya daxd zek`ln dyry it lr s` ,`id zg` dbby lkdy zg` z`hg `l` aiig epi`


in la` ,"xbk mkk" xn`py ,zene`d x`yn ,zevne dxez lawl eze` oitek oi` dvx `ly
i`a lk z` sekl dxeabd itn epiax dyn dev oke `ly in lke ,gp ipa eehvpy zevn lawl mlerd ayez xb `xwpd `ed mze` lawnde ,bxdi lawi ,mixag dyly ipta eilr lawl jixve ,mewn lka ycg xyr mipy eilr exare lenl eilr lawnd lke .zene`ay oink df ixd ,ln `le

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:k dkld g wxt micar zekld wepiz `vn e` ohw m"ekr swzy l`xyi
,car myl ,xb df ixd ,xb myl eliahde m"ekr .oixeg oa df ixd ,oixeg oa myl ,car df ixd

:d dkld g wxt mikln zekld


d`ia dplraiy ixg` ,x`ez ztia l`xyi oic cvike

qpkdl dilr dlaw m` ,dzeiba `ide dpey`x


,cin zexb myl dliahn ,dpikyd itpk zgz xn`py ,mei miyly eziaa ayz ,dlaw `l m`e lr dkea oke ,mini gxi dn` z`e dia` z` dzkae z` zglbne ,dipxtv z` zlcbne ,drpen epi`e dzc qpkp ,ziaa enr didze ,eipira dpbzzy ick dy`x ,da uewiy ick ,dze` d`exe `vei ,dze` d`exe ,da dvxe dlaw m` ,lawzy ick dnr lblbne

:b dkld i wxt mikln zekld


xefgl dvx jk xg`e lahe lne xiibzpy gp oa ,mcewn didyk cala ayez xb zeidle 'd ixg`n e` xac lkl l`xyik didi `l` ,el oirney oi` leki ,oic zia edeliahdyk ohw did m`e ,bxdi oeike ,cala ayez xb didie licbiy drya zegnl `ed ixd `l` dgen epi` aey ezrya dgin `ly deliahdy dphw lr l`xyi `a m` jkitl ,wcv xb didi dztn e` qpe` qpw e` dzaezk sqk ,oic zia ,zexiba dgnz `le licbzy cr oic zia ci zgz lkd zlke` ef z`vnpe dgnze licbze lehz `ny .l`xyi ipica `l` oda zekf dl oi`y zern dzeiba

.mixbd lkk zlaehe zxiibzn ef ixd :f dkld


,ycg xyr mipy dnr oilblbn xiibzdl dzvx `l gp ipa eehvpy zevn ray zlawn dzvx `l ,miayezd mixbd lkk `id ixde ,dytpl dglyne .dxiibzp `ly dy` `yil xeq`y ,d`yep epi`e

:h dkld
`l` weqri `l ,dzin aiig dxeza wqry m"ekr elit` zayy m"ekr oke ,cala odly zevn raya zay enk envrl ed`yr m` ,legd zenin meia ,envrl cren dyr m` xnel jixv oi`e ,dzin aiig zeyrle zc ycgl oze` oigipn oi` xac ly ellk lawie wcv xb didi e` `l` ,ozrcn onvrl zevn ,rxbi `le siqei `le ezxeza cenri e` ,zevnd lk eze` oikn ,xac ycg e` ,zay e` ,dxeza wqr m`e lr dzin aiig `edy eze` oiricene ,eze` oiypere .bxdp epi` la` df

:g dkld
epa epi`e ,xb cled ixd ,dpey`x d`ian dxarzp zia `l` ,m"ekrd on `edy iptn ,mixacd on xacl dpey`x d`ian xnze ,mzrc lr eze` oiliahn oic xg`n clep melya` la` ,dzid x`ez zti ly en`n melya` zeg` xnz z`vnp ,oi`eyipd l` `p xac" xne` `ed oke ,oepn`l `ypdl zxzene ."jnn iprpni `l ik jlnd

:i dkld
,l`xyil `l` zevnde dxezd ligpd `l epiax dyn

xiibzdl dvexd lkle ,awri zldw dyxen xn`py

zakrn m` zeevn zlawe zrced oiipra m"anxd zrc xe`a


m"anxd oeyl

on xiibzdl cg` `eaiyk :wcvd ixb oilawn cvik i` ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x dn el mixne` ...m"ekrd xn` m` ...mitegqe mieec dfd onfa l`xyiy rcei dz` eze` oiricene ,cin eze` oilawn ,i`ck ipi`e ip` rcei oikix`ne m"ekr xeqi`e myd cegi `edy zcd ixwir zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn eze` oiricene .df xaca

`ad iebl ricedl miaiig dligzkly xexa df dpd ,zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn xiibzdl ,`icdl f"n zenai 'nba x`ean df xac .mlawl eilre ixb zlaw xcqa `icdl m"anxd eazke .wleg dfa oi`e hrn hhvpe e-` zekld d`ia ixeqi` 'dn c"ita wcvd :epeyln

miaiig dligzkl xbl ricedl zeevn zvwn zexenge zelw

oi`e eilr oiaxn oi`e ...df xaca oikix`n oi`e zexeng daeh jxcn ezehdle ecxhl mexbi `ny ,eilr oiwcwcn ixaca `l` mc`d z` oikyen oi` dligzay ,drx jxcl ,zeevn ly oyper eze` oiriceny myke ...mikx oevx xaca oikix`ne ...zeevn ly oxky eze` oiricen jk jled ,lawl dvx `le ea xfg m` .oaagl ick df eze` oiln `l` eze` oidyn oi` ,laiw m`e ,ekxcl lr oicner dyelye .eze` oiliahn jk xg`e ...cin zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn eze` oiricene ,eiab ...mina cner `ede dipy mrt zexeng lawny ef dlawy x`ean m"anxd oeyln dpd lr zxfeg `id `l` ,zeevnd lk zlaw dpi` ,xbd zvwne m"ekr xeqi`e myd cegii `edy zcd ixwir didy epeyla o`k x`azp `l ixdy ,edericedy zeevn ly zipexwr dlaw e` ,zeevnd lk zlaw aly dfi`a ixaca zxkfend dcigid dlawd `l` ,zeevnd lk xeqi`e myd cegi zcd ixwir zlaw `id ,m"anxd dn ,dzrn xen` .zeevn zvwn zrced zlawe m"ekr zeevnd xtqa oke m"anxd ixaca zeax zeklda xkfpy laiwy e` ,epzxeza qpkp xbdy :oebk zepey zepeyl mdilr elaiw e` ,l`xyi ldwl qpkpy e` ,dxezd z` e` ,dxezay zeevnd lk mdilr elawie e` ,zeevnd eilr lawie dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle zixal qpkdl m"anxd zpeek oi` ,el` zepeyla `veike ,dxez ler dxezd z` xbd laiw eay cgein cnrn df lr didy xiibzdl epevx swezny ,`id dpeekd `l` ,zeevnde ixd ,edericedy zeevnd zvwn z` ezlaw swezne `ed aiigzn ,dliahde dlind `edy zexbd dyrnay dnl `d ,egxk lr dxezd zeevn lka icedi lkk `linn ,znieqn dpicn ly zegxf` lawny mc`l ,dnec df lka aiigzn `ed ixd zegxf`d z` ezlaw swezn f`y zrici i` ly dprha envr xehtl leki `ed oi`e ,diweg zxhet dpi` wegd zrici i`y `ed reci llky ,miwegd m`l clepd wepiz lk lv` `ed l"pke ,yperd on eilr milg ,icedi ezeid swezne ,ecleed zrny ,dicedi `ed aiig lcbiykle ,icedi ly eizeiekfe eizeaeg lk i` e` mze` eneiw zcinl xeyw df oi`e ,zeevnd lka oi`e .mniiwl epevx oi`y mda ez`gn elit` e` eneiw dlha `id dfa diipzd lke ,llk diipzd dfa jiiy xbd zlawy el` mixac .inc `zilc o`nke zlheane m"ekr xeqi`e myd cegi mdy zcd ixwir lr zxfeg
zeevn zlaw zxkfend x`ya m"anxa dpi` zenewn ,cgein cnrn mvr `id `l` zecdil dqipkd zeevnd zlaw `id m"anxdl zrced zlaw zcd ixwir zeevn zvwne zexenge zelw

h"d my m"anxa mb mix`azn ,zeevn zvwn zrcede jpevx el mixne` ...m"ekrd on gwlpd card :l"fe ,`l e` mixykd on didze l`xyi icar llkl qpkzy zelw zeevn zvwne zcd ixwir el oiricen dvx m` oiliahne xbd z` oiriceny enk oxkye oypere zexenge dvx `l m`e ,mina `edyk eze` oiricene ,xbk eze` lr `id dlawdy x`ean ...enir oilblbn ,lawl :l"fe c"id a"eqi`n b"ita epeyla x`ean oke ,drcedd dxezd ler caek eze` oiricen ,dlir mdl `vnp `l m` ,eyextiy ick zevx`d inr lr dziiyra yiy gxehe oilawn ,dad`n exfgy oze` e`xe ,eyxit `le elaw m` .oze`
lk eilr lawnd ueg zeevnd oi`y cg` xacn eze` oilawn xba `wec `ed xba `le ayez wcv

z` m"anxd azk 'g dklday dn x`ean df itle ixac eilr lawndc (a"r 'l sc) zexekaa 'nbd oic qgia `wec `ed ,eze` oilawn oi` cg` xacn ueg dxez 'iq) odk zrc z"eya k"ke ,wcv xb lr `le ayez xbl elit` wcv xba zn`ac m"anxdl l"qc ,dxrda (c"pw ,zexba oexqg dfa oi` ,dxezd lk eilr laiw `l lkc ,ezlaw i` e` ezlawa dielz zexbd oi` zn`ay `linn eilr milg df epevx gkn ,icedi zeidl epevxay ,df aeig eilrn lhal ez`pzda gk oi`e ,zeevnd lk ixkp eze`l law `"l zaya lldy dn oaen dfae oeikc ,dt lray dxez eilr lawn epi`y dpzdy k"` ,"icedi" zeidl ezpeek zepka lld rpkzypy `ed lha ,dt lray dxez lawn epi`y dpzdy i`pzd zeidl izin`de okd epevx gkn egxk lrc ,swez el oi`e ezxin`e ,zeevnd lka `ed aiigzn `linn ,icedi `nlra ilin ineht ied ,dt lray dxez lawn epi`y wx ,ciin lld exiib okle ,izkld swez mey dl oi`e jkitl ,dt lray dxez mrep eze`xdl dvx z`f lkay ,azkay dxezd enk daehe dnirp `id mby erpky .wece

df xe`al gxkd m"anxd zrca zeevna eaeigy ielz epi` ezlawa

b"ita ixdy ,gxken `ed m"anxd zrca df xe`a `la xiibzpay `icdl m"anxd yxtn ,f"id a"eqi`n xg`l f"r car m` elit` ,oypere zeevnd edericed .k"r ,oiyecw eiyecwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd ,zexbd mzlawe zeevnd zrcedy mcewn xak x`azp ixde dzid `l m`y x`ean `linne ,cnrn eze`a ziyrp od dn ok m`e ,dlaw dzid `l `linn ,zeevn zrced ,zixal qpkp df xby eizekld lka m"anxd zepeyl


m"anxd oeyl dnly zeyp iab oeynye

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itpk zgz stezqne ,zeevnd lke dxez ler laiwe m`a `wec mipzen el`d m"anxd ixac m`d ,dpikyd `le okzi `l df xacy i`ce .mlawe zeevnd edericed lawny xeibd xcqa ep`vn okidc cere ,zrcd lr dler .zeevn zvwn `l` law `l ixd zeevnd lk xiibzdl epevx mvrny ,`ed oekpd xe`iad `l` i"r df swezn ,l`xyi my eilr legiye icedi zeidle 'b ipta cala dliahe yi`a 'b ipta dliahe dlin qpkpe egxk lr zeevnd lka aiigzn `ed ixd ,dyi`a .zeevne dxez ler eilr milge dpikyd itpk zgz `ed ,f"ida elld m"anxd ixac x`al evxy yi mpn` mpn`y ,('l-h"k 'iq c"ei) dnly zcngd z"ey t"r ly zillk dlaw mle` ,zeevn zrced o`k dzid `l .o`k dzid zeevnd xkfp `l dpd ,lirl epixaca x`eand itl mle` e-` zekld c"ida mixbd zlaw xcqa m"anxd ixaca zxaegn dpi`y zipexwr zillk dlaw ly avn yiy iziz ikidn k"`e ,zeevn zvwn zrced lr zxfege .m"anxd zrca df xac `ivndl gly mdil`y y"cngd ly exec ilecb zn`ae z"eya upiv l"`xdn md `ld ,df eyecg z` y"cngd eizeaeyza xi`n ziade ,('p 'iq c"ei) a"g ytp zaiyn `l `edy el eazke ,df ewelig z` egc ,(a"i 'iq) oeyla x`eand itk zeevnd zlaw ixdy ,okzii `l` ,cxtp cnrna dzyrp `l mlern r"eyde m"anxd zeevnd zvwn zrced lr zxfege zkynp `id cinz .dl dncwy itk dcen envr dnly zcngd mb ,z`f calne zlaw jixv oi`y ,minrt dxyrk epeyla x`eand myl dliahd mvry xaeq `ed `l` ,zcgein zeevn `id `id ,l`xyi zcl zncewd ezcn xarnde zexb m`y wleg oi` dyrnly jk ,dnvr zeevnd zlaw zeidl dxhna epiid ,zexb myl dliahe dlin dzid ,zeevna `linn aiegne xenb icedi `ed ixd ,icedi .zeevn zlawe zrced dzid `ly t"r` b"ita m"anxd oeyla mb mix`azn el` mixac oeynye dnly zeyp iab f"ide f"hde c"id a"eqi`n :l"fe
df ceqil di`x m"anxd oeyln dnly zeyp iab oeynye y"cngd mb jixv oi`y dcen zeevn zlaw `ide zcgein dliaha zllkp epeyla x`eank minrt dnk xi`n ziady upiv l"`xdne z` egc w'veltn y"cngd ixac dfa df xe`a ziigc zpeka xg` xe`a t"r m"anxd y"cngd oekpd xe`ad m"anxd zrca

l`xyi z` riyend oeynyy jzrc lr dlri l`" miyp e`yp 'd cici `xwpy l`xyi jln dnly e` devndy ,`ed jk xacd ceq `l` ,ozeiba zeixkp eixg` oiwcea ,xiibzdl zxeibd e` xbd `aiyk dpekpd e` dl dkfiy dxxy liaya e` lehiy oenn llba `ny eixg` oiwcea `ed yi` m`e ,zcl qpkdl `a cgtd iptn oiwcea `id dy` m`e ,zicedi dy`a ozp eipir `ny xiiby itle ...l`xyi ixegan xegaa dpzp dipir `ny reci xacde ,`ype xiib oeyny oke ,o`ype miyp dnly c"a it lr `le ,xac liaya `l` el` exfg `ly ,oicner oxeqi`ae m"ekr od eli`k aezkd oayg ,mexiib odly m"ek zecaer ody ozlgz lr oteq gikedy cere ,o`pa `ed eli`k aezkd eilr dlrde ,zena odl epae eixg` ewca `ly xb ..."dna dnly dpai f`" xn`py 'b ipta lahe lne oypere zevnd edericed `ly e` `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd oiyyege ,m"ekrd llkn `vi ,lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn ixd ,m"ek care xfg elit`e ,ezewcv x`aziy cr el xifgdl devne ,oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed eniiw jkitle ,l`xyik dyrp lahy xg`n ,ezcia` .k"r .oceq dlbpy t"r`e odizeyp dnlye oeyny

di`xd xe`a m"anxd oeyln dnly zeyp iab oeynye

xac liaya `l` exfg `ly t"r`y x`eany ixd lr oteq gikede ,mexiib c"a t"r `le (oi`eyp myl) od el`k aezkd oayge dxf dcear zecaer ody ozligz zexenb zexb od ixd n"n .micner md oxeqi`ae m"ekr dklda x`eank xnen l`xyik iaiyge zn`c `ail` ,mzcia` xifgdl devne ,hb erae oiyecw odiyecwe ,f"i dlbpy t"r` mdizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle zixedf ly oeyl epeyla m"anxd wiicy dn edfe ,oceq epiid ,m"ekr od eli`k aezkd oayg azke f"hda zepbl dvx aezkdy `l` ,m"ekr md oi` zn`c `ail`c zgwl dxeyk ebdp `l lkd xg`y oeynye dnly z` eli`ke m"ekrk aezkd oayg jkitl ,el`k miyp .micner md mxeqi`a

zexewnd zhiyl cenlza m"anxd

ixd zeevn zlaw `la mby m"anxd ly ef dhiy f"r care dliahe dlin xg`l ea xfg m` mbe ,xb `ed l`xyik dil opipiic jk meyne ezexb zlhazn oi` 'aa cenlza xedh dxewne ,`id zqqean ,xnen lirl x`azdy itk mipey`xd aex dewqte ,zenewn z` `id zakrn m` zeevnd zlawa wqerd wxta

g"q) zaya 'nbd `ed oey`x xewn ,e`l m` zexbd daxd zek`ln dyre ,miiebd oial xiibzpy xba (`"r x`eane ,zg` z`hg `l` aiig epi`c ,daxd zezaya x`ean my `ziixaae ,zayn llk edericed `ly ,f"r lre mcd lre algd lre zayd lr z`hg `iany zeevnd on devn mey edericed `ly ixiinc x`ean lirl epx`a xake ,xbk aygp z`f lkae ,f"r elit`e z` zillk dlaw laiw `l mby epiid edericed `ly xkfen oi` ,m"anxae zenaia 'nba ixdy ,zeevnd lk cinz dlawd `l` ,zeevnd ly zillk dlaw jixvy x`eand itle ,edericedy zeevn zvwn lr zxfeg ,zeevnd edericed `ly mzd ixiinc (g"q) zaya f"n) zenaia 'nba x`ean a"eike ,laiw `l mb `lina opipiic ,f"r care ea xfg elit` lahe lny lkc (a"r x`eane ,y"r oiyecw eiyecwe xenb l`xyik dil f"r cearl xfga elit` ixiinc ,(f"n 'iq b"g) u"ayxa u"ayxd ixaca weqrp onwle ,ezexb ixg` cin xzl`l .l"nk`e ,zekix`a l"pd m"anxd ixaca x`eand itl oiadl jixvy `l` dna ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y l"pd zaya 'nbde on devn mey laiw `l m` icedi `ed didp k"` .zeevnd lny dn `id f"tl zecdid xwiry xnel jixve mcewd enr yhepy dna epiid ,zecdie zexb myl laehe dna xnelk ,l`xyi mr jezl qpkidl eilr lawne `ed dfd xacde ,l`xyi my jli`e o`kn eilr `xwiy mixvnn epizea` e`vi df zekfa ixdy ,ce`n lecb xac dcear ecary t"r`e ,myeale ,mzty ,mny epiy `ly ixnbl mixvnd enk mixac x`ya ixnbl ebdpzde dxf .rcepk d`neh ixry h"nl ecxiy cr ik ,jgexa ldaiz l` ,mirpd `xewde cneld dz`e oe`b lv` il oe` iz`vne ,elld mixacd e`vi ipnn `l yecwd x"enc`d ,eig`n lecbd odkd ,dkldde daygnd
x`ean df ceqi oe`b ixaca daygnd epax dkldde odkd wecv oilaeln zecdid xwir zhiy itl `id m"anxd ezc zyihp dlinde zncewd myl dliahde dnae ,zecdi l`xyi myay dzrn dpeki xbd didp dna dhiy itl icedi m"anxd ly ef

wicvd zwcv extqa ,l"vf oilaeln odkd wecv epax :l"fe mzenlya eixac wizr`e ,(c"p ze`) `lnd
wecv epax oeyl extqa odkd wicvd zwcv

xn`py enk l`xyi my z`ixwa zecdid xwir diryi) "dpki l`xyi myae 'ebe ip` 'dl xn`i df"

mya dpekny ef dlrn wx el didi `ly ,(cn


g"q zay) lecb llk wxt yixa epivne .ic ,l`xyi lr z`hg `iane ,zene`d oia xiibzpy xb (a"r rci `lc my oiir ,dxf dceare zayde mcde algd ,zaye dxf dcear lr elit`e ,dxeq` dfy llk xb `ed dnae ,dxezd lkn llk rci `ly `vnpe dfae .ic l`xyi my z`ixwa wx ,z`hg aiigzdl zeidl zc zxnd lr xeari l`e bxdic dn oaei elit` dxf dcear micaer oi` mdy i"tr` l`rnyi zekitye zeixr ielib lr mixdfp oke rcepk seziya bxdic zexiar yly oze` lr llk oitek oi`e ,minc lewy df ,cal l`xyi my zxnd la` ,xeari l`e zeixr ielib dxf dcear cbpke ,dlek dxezd lkk a"v 'iq c"g) dfn f"acxa oiire ,minc zekitye mb okle .(l`rnyi zcl ezc xini `le bxdiy wqty ,dgtyna xnen yiy dgtyn leqt `ed ,oendd lv` lk lr xaerd xenb ryx da yi m` oiyyeg oi`e zexec oke .xind `ly onf lk dxezay zexiar my mewn lkne ,dxf dcear micaer eid mipey`xd miavr xeag" xn`p df lre ,exind `l l`xyi zg` dne` xeaiga mdy ,(c ryed) "el gpd mixt` ,mllka zeidle miebd mr xagzdl ecxtzp `le .l"kr
ixacn dlerd odkd wecv epax

,odkd wecv 'x epipir xi`dy dna ,micnl ep`vnp .ic ,"l`xyi" mya jli`e dzrn dpekiy xacd mvry z` eazk xake ,ycg epi` m"anxd zrca df xe`a xeca zeaiyid iy`xe miwqetd ilecbn miax exwir ,mixnqna edepwfige edepqqia ep`e ,ep` epxecae xary . henz `ly `id czie
14

l"pd xe`ak m"anxd zrca miax eazk miwqetd ilecbn iy`x ilecbe zeaiyid

41. ", " , : . ' )" "(, ' ' ) " ' "(, )"( , ' " " )" "(, ' " ' " " " ", ' )' "(,

' , , , , , , , , , , " "... ' , , , " , ", , , , " .


)(f"ide c"id a"eqi`n b"it m"anx

)' "(, ' " " ' )154 '(, )' " (, ' " ' )' "(, " ) 2 ' (, ' " ' )' '( ' ) "(, ' " )" ' "(, ' " " " )' " ' "(, ' " " ' 36639-91-1 " ) "(, ' " " " )' "(, ' " " " " ", ' " " " ' ", ' " )' "(, ' " ) " ' ' (, "" " ) ' ' " (, ' ) ' ' 41(, ' )' 31( ' )' "(, ' " ' ". " " ", " " )' "(, " ") " ' "(, "" ) '( ", . ", ", ", , , , , " .

dxezay zeevn lke dxez ler zlaw oiipra m"anxd zepeyl


zexb myl dliahn ,dpikyd itpk zgz qpkdl ,mei miyly eziaa ayz ,dlaw `l m`e ,cin gxi dn` z`e dia` z` dzkae xn`py dlaw m` ,lawzy ick dnr lblbne ...mini lkk zlaehe zxiibzn ef ixd ,da dvxe .mixbd :l"fe azk f"x dyr zeevn zeevnd xtqae awr) 'zi exn` `ede ,mixbd z` aed`l epevy dfa llkp didy t"r`e ,"xbd z` mzad`e" (i itl "jenk jrxl zad`e" exn`a l`xyi mr ,epzxeza qpkpy xeara la` ,wcv xb xbd dfy ,ztqep devn el cgiie dad` l`d el siqed `le" xn`y ez`pe`a dxdf`a dyry enk .(xda) "ezinr z` yi` epez :l"fe azk d"px dyrz `l zevn mye oke aezkd ea xacy card dfy `ed x`eane elaw mdipy mpn` ,ez`pe`n xidfdy xbd df .wcv ixb mde mnvr lr dxezd :l"fe f"id a"eqi`n a"it m"anx azk lk odilr elawie exiibziyk mlek m"ekrd lk od ixd ,exxgzyiyk micarde dxezay zevnd zg` dweg ldwd" xn`py ,xac lkl l`xyik ."mkl didi :l"fe azk c"d my b"itae zixal qpkdl m"ekrd dvxiyk zexecl oke ler eilr lawie dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle .oaxw z`vxde dliahe dlin jixv :dxez :l"fe azk h"d mikln zekldn i"tae weqri `l ,dzin aiig ,dxeza wqry m"ekr ly ellk ...cala odly zevn raya `l` zeyrle zc ycgl oze` oigipn oi` ,xac wcv xb didi e` `l` ,ozrcn onvrl zevn siqei `le ezxeza cenri e` ,zevnd lk lawie ...rxbi `le :l"fe azk d"d mikln 'dn g"tae dplraiy ixg` ,x`ez ztia l`xyi oic cvike dilr dlaw m` ,dzeiba `ide dpey`x d`ia

"dxezay zeevn lke dxez ler lawie" azky dna l"pd m"anxd zpek yexita mlaiw `l m` mb zeevne dxez aeiga egxk lr aiigzn `ed dliahe dlin i"ry epiid
zeiepnd zekldd x`ya jxcd df lr oke ,oaxw z`vxde .lirl
l"fe e-` zekld a"eqi`n c"ita x`azd df xac :my m"anxd
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita e-` 'ld

eilr lawiy opiray x`ean el` zepeyl lkn dpd zgz qpkdle" ,"dxezay zeevn lke" ,"dxez ler" xbd ."dxezd lawle" ,"dxeza qpkdle" ,"dpikyd itpk dfn wiicy l"vf l`tx y"xbdl dliy okyn xtqa oiire ixdy ,`aekrl zeevnd lk zlaw opira m"anxdlc lk zlawe ,"dxez ler lawie" eixac mzq m"anxd zlawa xqgy lke ,"dxez ler" llka i`cea zeevnd .c"kr ,xb ied `l ,"dxez ler" `ly d`xi ,dl` zeklda oiirndy ,midenz eixace zekld lkac ,zexba df aly rvazn izn mda x`azd dkldl ab` jxcak zeevn zlaw ly df oipr `a el` `a f"id a"eqi`n a"ita oebk ,epcnll `ay zixwrd zeidl xbd jted zexbd xg`ly ,epcnll m"anxd lk zlaw z` xikfd df xywdae ,xac lkl l`xyi dliahe dlin irac epcnll `a c"d c"ita oke .zeevnd

y"xbd weic l"vf l`tx zepeyln m"anxd

cg`

`eaiyk

:wcvd

ixb

oilawn

cvik

e`vni `le eixg` ewcaie m"ekrd on xiibzdl ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x dn el mixne` ,dlir miieec dfd onfa l`xyiy rcei dz` i` oi`a oixeqie oitxehne oitgeqne mitegce oilawn ,i`ck ipi`e rcei ip` xn` m` ,odilr `edy zcd ixwir eze` oiricene .cin eze` xaca oikix`ne ,m"ekr xeqi`e myd cegii zvwne zelw zevn zvwn eze` oiricene .dfd ,df xaca oikix`n oi`e zexeng zevn xyrne d`ite dgky hwl oer eze` oiricene

eixac ziigc oeyla x`eandn m"anxd mixg` zenewna


devne ,oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed ,l`xyik dyrp lahy xg`n ,ezcia` xifgdl t"r`e odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle .oceq dlbpy

-
,cvik ,zevn ly oyper eze` oiricene ,ipy ,ef zcl z`a `ly cry ,rcei ied ,el mixne` zllg m` ,zxk yepr dz` i` alg zlk` m` xg` eiykre ,dliwq yepr dz` i` zay m` ,zxk yepr dz` alg zlk` m` xiibzzy oiaxn oi`e ,dliwq yepr dz` zay zllg ecxhl mexbi `ny ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e ,eilr oi` dlgzay ,drx jxcl daeh jxcn ezehdle oke ,mikx oevx ixaca `l` mc`d z` oikyen k"g`e "mkyn` mc` ilaga" xne` `ed eze` oiriceny myke ."dad` zezeara" ly oxky eze` oiricen jk ,zevn ly oyper el` zevn ziiyray eze` oiricene ,zevn xenb wicv mey oi`ye ,`ad mlerd iigl dkfi .orceie el` zevn dyery dnkgd lra `l` oetv epi` `ad mlerdy rcei ied el mixne`e d`xzy dfe ,l`xyi mde miwicvl `l` dpetv `id daeh ,dfd mlera xrva l`xyi mlera daeh aex lawl oileki opi`y ,mdl eciqtie erzie mal mexi `ny ,zene`k dfd oexeyi onyie xn`py oiprk `ad mlerd xky zeprxet aex odilr `ian d"awd oi`e .hraie ode oilk m"ekrd lk `l` ,eca`i `ly ick m` ,oaagl ick dfd xaca oikix`ne ,oicner laiw m`e ,ekxcl jled lawl dvx `le ea xfg ...cin eze` oiln `l` eze` oidyn oi`

,zexbd zakrn zevnd zrced oi`y x`ean ixd ,zeevnd on xac mey xbl ericed `l m` mby epiidc d"d c"ita zx`eand dlawd ixdy) melk mdn law `le zx`eand zeevn zvwne zcd ixwr zrced lr zxfeg zeevnd lke dxez ler `ed law okid ok m`e ,(a"d my m"anxd zepeyla x`eand dpikyd itpk zgz qpkpe .lirlc
dlerd dpwqnd zepeyln l"pd m"anxd dliahe dlinay lr zecdi myl aiigzn egxk mb zeevnd lka mlaiw `l m`

dlin i"rc m"anxd zpeekc ,xnel jixv epgxk lre lk miyrpyk ,oaxw z`vxd s` ycwnd onfae ,dliahe zncewd ezc aefrl epiidc ,icedi zeidl zpn lr dl` zeidl okd epevx gkn egxk lr ,l`xyi zcl qpkdle ler lawne zeevnd lka aiigzn `ed `linn ,icedi llk ielz df oi`e ,dpikyd itpk zgz qpkpe dxez .zeevnd z` ezlaw i`a e` ezlawa m"anxd ly adfd epeyl epitl wznei dzrne elawie exiibziyk mlek m"ekrd lk" f"id a"ita y"na eleniy i"r l"xc ,'eke "dxezay zeevnd lk mdilr mdilr elawi `linn ,exiibziy edfe zexb myl elahie zlawl xeyw df oi`e ,dxezay zeevnd lk mgxk lr .d"d c"ita zx`eand zeevn zvwne zcd ixwir jynda mb m"anxd ixacn mix`azn el` mixac m"ekrd lk" :l"fe azky ef dklda m"anxd oeyl ,dxezay zeevnd lk mdilr elawie exiibziyk mlek .k"r ,xac lkl l`xyik od ixd ,exxgzyiy micarde mdilr elaiwy micara ivnz ikid ,dl`yd zl`ype oi` micar mzeida micard ixd ,dxezay zeevn lk el` zeevn lre ,dyi`k zeevn aeig m` ik mdl lahyk edericed xaky" (c"id b"ita) m"anxd azk ,zeevndn wlg wx laiw my ixde ,"zecar myl ,mzvwn elit`e zeevnd zrcedy ,yxtl jgxk lre hrnae ,zeevn zlaw m"anxd oeyla z`xwp x`y lr mb ezrc dlib ,yxit `le edericedy ,mlawl epevxy mdilr rny `l oiicry zeevnd myl lahyk cara zeevnd zrced dliren jkitle el mitqeezny t"r`e xxgzypy onfl mb zecar .wece zeycg zeevn eiykr

ef dpwqn t"r oeyl wznei a"ita m"anxd f"id a"eqi`n

k"b wznei f"tl m"anxd oeyl ef dkld jynda micar iab

zeevnd zlawy xbd zlaw xcqa x`ean ok ik dpd zvwne zcd ixwir eze` oiriceny i"r zrvazn xba dn edfe ,'a dklda x`eank zexenge zelw zeevn od dn oiadl jixv k"`e .'d dklda x`eank lawny m"anxd oeyln lirl ephhvy mipey`xd zepeyld zeevn lk eilr lawn xbdy ab` jxcak mda x`eany .xbd zlaw xcqa df xac x`ean okid dxezay m"anxd azek f"id a"eqi` 'dn b"ita jkn xzei :l"fe `icdl
zevnd edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne oypere li`ed ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` cr el oiyyege m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe lne ixd ,m"ek care xfg elit`e ,ezewcv x`aziy

zlaw xcqa x`ean zexbd lawny m"anxa zeevn zvwn f"tl oiadl jixv zpeek idn azky m"anxd ab` jxcak lk eilr lawny dxezay zeevn

m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita f"id


dvxiyk zexecl oke" c"d b"ita k"b y"n edfe

k"b wznei f"tl m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita c"d

,miiwi `edy gehay xne` df oi`) ,mda aiig didie miiwl m`d dxigad eciay l`xyi lkk `ed ixd `l` ,(dxezd t"r mda `ed aiiegny t"r` ,e`l m` zeevnd ,df oipra m"anxd zepeyl x`y mix`azn df jxc lre .w'ece

dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle zixal qpkdl m"ekrd eilr elegiy dvxiyk l"x ,"dxez ler eilr lawie aixwdle leahle lenl eilr ,zeevne dxez ler `linn l`xyi zeevn lk eilr elegi `linn f`e ,xb oaxw

`"hily xbpifley n"nxbd mb x`ia m"anxd zrca epxe`ak


,(a"d my) wcv xb zlaw oica enewna aeye ,zcd ixwir .f"r xeqi`e myd cegii `edy zcd ixwir eze` oiriceny hren md ,myd cegie zcd ixwiry micnl epivnp lk cbpk milewy mde ,l"fg ixacke ,daexnd z` wifgnd zeevnd zvwn zrced df mr cgi `eazyke ,dlek dxezd axd ixacn mb dler jke ,zeevnd zlaw ieed ,mzlawe myd cegiia oikix`ny m"anxd y"nr c"it yix cibnd k"tr`e ,`ziixaa my x`ean df oi`y azky f"r xeqi`e jixv ,dpen`de zcd ixwir md el`y oeeiky heyt xacd (oin`dle rpkzydl mdl mexbl xnelk) xexiaa mricedl .zexbde zecdid xwir `edy dfa mnr jix`dle
gpend xe`ia lk zlaw dxezay zeevnd

`"hily xbpifley ikcxn dyn 'x oe`bdl x"eye `aeh jix`dy ,(g"n 'iq) zekxal ield xnyn extqa zpeek oi`c xyt`c azke ,elld m"anxd ixac xe`aa .elekk eaexc ,maexl `l` mlek zeevnd lkl m"anxd zeevnd lkl m"anxd zpeekc yxtp m` mbc siqede lk envr lr lawl aiigzn `edy ezpeek oi` ,mlek i"r icedi zeidl epevx mvray ezpeek `l` ,zeevnd `linn ,mwlg elit`e zeevn zlawe dliahe dlin mvrn ezaeha `ly egxk lr zeevna `ed aiigzn zekix`a l"pd n"nxbd ixac meliv) .xbk ezxcbd (zeaeyzd hwl qxhpewa b"ga `aen lk" l"pd m"anxd y"ny yxtl drhz l`e zeevnd lk odilr elawie exiibziyk mlek m"ekrd miniiwne elaiwy onf ixg` xxaziyk epiid ,"dxezay ,mixb mdy rxtnl xxazn f` ,dxezay zeevn lk micar oicl df jinqd ixdy ,oekp df oi`y lkl l`xyik `ed ixd cin xexgya mbe ,exxgzyiyk .(a"id b"ita) x`eank xac mdilr elawiy" zxcbdc inlyexidn di`x iz`vne `ede ,f"ra dxitke 'd cegi epiid ,"dxezay zeevn lk i` ,(`"d g"t) zenai inlyexia `zi`c ,ayez xb oica lk z` lawiy cr eze` oilawn oi` ayez xb ipz iipz oi` ayez xb ipz iipz zi` ,dxeza aezky zeevnd oaxwa oiire ,y"r ely f"ra xetkiy cr eze` oilawn e`l dxezay zeevn lk lawiy cry ,dyn ipte dcrd itle ,yxet epi` zetxhe zelap zlik`n ixdy `weec zeevnd lk zlawl dliawn f"ra dxitkd ,ipz zi`d lkc (`"r d"k sc) mixcpa `zi`ck `ede ,dxezay m"anxde ,dlek dxezd lka dcenk f"ra xtekd ericedl ,car iabl mb yibcd (h"d c"it) a"eqi`da

n"nxbd ixac xbpifley

ly "dxezay zeevnd lk zlaw" gpend ok m` lk o`k azk `le) "zeevn eilr lawl" carae ,xbd `ly xiibzdl `ay ieb zeklda aeye ,(dxezay zeevn mye ,zeevn zrced wx `l` ,zeevn lawl llk hwp azk mye ,zcd ixwir mdy dfa oikix`ny mrhd xiaqd .cg` oiipr lkdc oiaz dfn ,"laiw m`e" ('d dklda) .zexenge zelw zeevn zvwne dpen`d ixwir zlaw iebd `eaiyky ,`ed jildzd xwir df itl `vnp rcei ip` xn` m`e ,'eke dn iptn edel`yi xiibzdl dyrnl ef dlawa if` ,cin eze` oilawny i`ck ipi`e f`e ,exiibl c"a ly swez dl yiy dhlgdd dlawzp dkx`dde zcd ixwir zrced ly miipia avne jildz yi leki cer `ed o`ke ,oikix`n oi`y zeevn x`yae ,mda dliahae ,cin eze` oiliahn laiw m` ,zklle ea xefgl ik ,dipy mrt zexenge zelw zevn zvwn el oiricen ezpade epevxe ezleki z` oegal dzid dpey`xd mrtd m`e ,zvw ecnll jixv eiykre ,envr lr laiw dn ler zlaw `ide drcedd zlaw `id dipyd mrt law .15 cg` lkde zeevn

zrcly di`x cin m"anxd ied xeibd xg`l jixv oi`e xb miniiwny xexa xg` zeevnd zexbd

jildz ixwir xeibd

inlyexidn di`x azky dny elawie m"anxd zeevn lk mdilr epiid ,dxezay dxitke 'd cegi f"ra

f"ra dxitkdy zlawk dlewy zeevnd lk dxezay

, ' )" "( , " , "

.15

-
s"ixde m"anxd zrca ok x`a xbplx` mdxa` 'x mqxetnd oe`bd mb

`"xbd zrcl `ly xb xbplx` zeevnd on rci oexqg df oi` zexb zlawa dn ol ztk` `lc eaila aygy `a aeigdy oeik `linn

lk rci `le xiibzdl `ay lkc d`xp f"tle epevxy lkc ,zexbd zlawa oexqg df oi` ,zeevnd ixde ,eala aygy dn ol ztki` `l aey xiibzdl eli` xnel lkeiy epivn `le zeevnd lk mircei mpi` alay mixac ded df lkc ,lawn iziid `l ,jd izrci oeik `l` ,zeevnd lawiy jxev oi`c ,mixac mpi`e llbay wxe ,zeevn llka ded `linn zexbd laiwy xnel ipdn `l ,zeevn yiy dxkdd `ed zexbl ezrcc (f"i 'ld b"it) m"anxa oiire .ef devn lawl dvx `ly zeevnd edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb :azky elit` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne ,oypere m"ekrd llkn `vi ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep dyrp lahy xg`n ,ezcia` xifgdl devne ,'eke zlaw dzid `ly t"r`c ixd .l"kr ,'eke l`xyik zc elaiw ixd xiibzdl e`ay oeik n"n ,zcgein zeevn `l `ny yegl jiiy `le ,zeevnd elawzpe l`xyi df lkc ,zeevnd lk elaw `l e` mly ala elaiw .icin ipdn `le alay mixac `l` epi`

oe`bd mb azk ,m"anxd zpeeka l"pd mixacd lkk zaiyi iy`xn `"hily xbplx` mdxa` 'x mqxetnd (`"i 'iq) zeaezkl mdxa` zkxa extqa dxez lew zrca xnel d`xi xy`e :epeyln o`k hhvpe ,jxe`a ipta xac epi` zeevn zlaw mlerlc ,s"ixde m"anxd `l` ,zexbd seb xwir ied `lc `iran `l ,llk envr eceqi `l` ,zexbd milret mdy mixacdn ied `l mb oixiibn oi`c (g"n zenai) `xwn opitlic xg`nc ,`ed el oiricen okl ,zexbd lr ezrc opirae ,egxk lra my eilr lawl cnery zexbd zelgay rciy ,zeevnd ,zeevn zelg oiipr `ed exwir ,l`xyi oice l`xyi zexbl zrcd xwire ,zeevnd eilr milg zexbd i"ry .zeevn md eipic aexc l`xyi oic eilr legiy ,`ed ezrcc l"x ,zeevn zlaw `ed envr zexbd zlaw okl m"anxd azky edfe .zeevn zlaw [`linn] llek zexbl dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle zixal qpkdl dvxiyk ezrcyk l"x ,'eke dlin jixv ,dxez ler eilr lawie la` ,zexbd dlg mci lry zelert 'b oiyrp f` ,dfl .ezrce epevxn wlgk x`ean df

`"xbd x`ia ok z` xbplx` m"anxd zhiy

x`ean l"pk ixac z`eeydn b"ita m"anxd a"eqi`n a"itl

lk :(f"id a"it d`ia ixeqi`) m"anxa izi`x aey ly zeevnd lk odilr elawie exiibzpy mlek miiebd xac lkl l`xyik od ixd ,exxgzyiyk micarde ,dxez x`ean ixd .'eke cin 'd ldwa qpkil oixzene ,'eke b"ita enewna ok azk `le ,zeevnd lk lawl mikixvc ,zexbd xwirl jiiy dfy x`azpy dna x`eane ,`icda .c"kr .dnvr ipta zyxetn dlaw oic o`k oi` mb

zeevn zvwn el oiricenc dn ahid x`ean f"tle exwir lkc ,(e"d c"it) dliah iptl mbe dlin iptl mb epevxe ezrc `diy ,zexb jd i"r lawn dn rciy `ed `l` ,laiwy cxtp xac zeevn zlaw oi` la` ,dfl ,zeevnd ipice l`xyi oic eilr lg dliahe dlin i"ry dnly zrc `diy el oiricen okl ,ezrc opira ixde .w"ece ,zexbd zlawl

`"xbd zrcl oiricen xbplx` zeevnd eze` lg dn rciy ick zexbd i"r eilr la` jka dvxie dlg zexbd xwir dlin ici lr `linne dliahe l`xyi ied zeevna aiiegne

. ", " " , " , , , " ," . ", , " ' " " " ' ", ) ."" "( " " " , , , " , , " " " " ", , , , , ", " ) " "(, " ' ", ": , . , " , , ", , , , . . , ,

m"anxd zrca i"`l iy`xd axd didy l"vf `xity mdxa` 'x mqxetnd oe`bd mb x`ia ok
ok` .f"g`ly dyrn i"r dfa wtzqdl oi` ,oilawny ,zn`a lawl mala did `l m`c t"kr gken edcicl mb alay mixacy b"r`c l"ve .dta exn`iy dn ipdn `l dielze dpen`d zlaw xwird zexba la` mixac mpi` .alay dlawa
dfy xazqn f"r oiiprl `wec ,ala dielzy x`ya la` ied zeevn alay mixack mixac mpi`y

didy l"vf `xity mdxa` 'x mqxetnd oe`bd mb zgpn extqa m"anxd zrca ok x`ia ,i"`l iy`xd axd yie ,eixac el`e ,(b"k ze` 'e 'iq mixeriy) mdxa` mixbc f"i-e"hd a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd y"na oiirl mixb lk oke) dnlye cec inia zeheicd iptl exiibzdy eid ,(mypere zeevnd mericed `le dligz mewca `ly miaxwn `le mze` migec `l mdl oiyyeg lecbd c"a f"r f"g` ecar elit`e ,mzixg` d`xzy cr mze` xg`n xnen l`xyik eed n"n ,ozligz lr oteq gikede t"r` odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiwy edfe ,elahy oxeqi`ae m"ekr od eli`k oayg aezkde oceq dlbpy .y"r ozeiba oicner `l n"nc ,micner ote` lkay oeik eze` oiaxwn oi`y df edn a"ve mbe ,lqtp epi` dxiar xar `ly onf lke xenb xb `ed oiire .milyexiay lecbd c"al o`k yi oipr dn .`"d c"t oiyeciw inlyexia ,mpaxw z` milawn eid `l el` mixbc d`xpe did `l la` dliahe dlina l`xyi didc b"r` ikdle onf lk mixac z`vxd i"r ldwl qpkdl xyk l`xyi od eli`k aezkd oayg ikdle ,ezewcv dxxazp `ly el oiyyege ,xiibzp `lk ied ldw xeqi` iablc m"ekr miiwl dvex m` wtq iedc oeik xnen wtq iedc epiid .zeevnd eteqy b"r`c yecig `vei m"anxd ixacn ok` ied n"n ,zn`a dlaw ied `lc ezligz lr giked iedil k"` eteqn ezligz xxazpy ixg` a"ve ,l`xyi eixac oi` dta lawy oeik l"ve .dlaw `la lahe lnk .mixac alay mizekc c"nc eazky c"k zenai 'qeza oiir ok` exiibzdy ixg`c meyn epiid ,mieb iede zeix` ixb wxe dfa icen zn` ixbc c"n mbc eazke ,f"r ecar 't ikcxn zedbda oiire) aey exiibzp f"g`c xaqc my `"ayxd ok` ,(eixac x`al l"nk`e ulegd ,f"r ecary dnc l"qc eazk (d"r) oiyeciwa o"anxde `l` ,zn`a elaw `l zexb zrya mby giken epi` 'it` ied `l df meync edcicl l"ve .k"g` mda exfgc .(ieb zwfg` inwe` zexb wtqac `"ayxa y"re) wtq dta exn`e dliahe dlin dyrn eyry oeiky d`xpe

m"anxd ixac a"eqi`n b"ita (f"i-e"hd)

,ala ielz dfa ,f"r car m` `weec dfy oiirl yie .alay eixac ipdn `ly l"i zeevn x`y zlaw iablc oii dzy`y zpn lr xifp ipixd ,`"i xifpa y"nk l"ie xiibznd p"de ,dxeza aezky dn lr dpzn iedc sc zexekaa exn`y dne .zeevn miiwl `ly ezrcae ,eze` oilawn oi` zg`n ueg zeevnd lk lawy xbc 'l zepzdl ala ezrca m` la` ,dfk xb xiibl oi`y epiid edfy d`xpe .llk df i`pz ipdn `l ,zg` devn lr xba 'nbd yxtn a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxdy mrhd ,dxez ivgl zexb oi`y `hiyt wcv xbac meyn ,ayez yxtn ikdle ,odke iel oke xagc dlawl inc `le la` ,ayez xb oilawn oi`y onfa ayez xba ixiinc zenewn dnka exn`y enk ipdn devn envr lr lawl oia xc zeidl ayez `diy la` ,eilr lawy ixkp `l m` ipdn `l ,ywenl didi ot mrhd mzdc l`xyi `ly devna ywenl `di k"l`c ,olek zeevnd lk law mipdk zxeza mle` .z"c lawl `ay hwpy edfe ,law .lkd lawl jixvy xbk gxf`kc `xwn iyxc miyecw enkc ,eze` oilawn oi` ikdlc 'it my meyxb epaxe ,mixg`a mb cenri `l ,cg` xaca cenrl leki epi`y epi` dxezdn cg` xac r"r lawn epi`y dnc rnyne `l xac mey miiwi `l m` wx zexb oic zelg rpen .xb ied (f"n sc) zenaia 'nbd oeylnc d`xp zn`ae ,l`xyi za ycwe dia xcd i`c dpin `wtp xn`wc zlawn cegl dxfg i"rc gken ,dia `pixw xnen l`xyi zexekac 'nba yexitd edfe .xnen ied lawy zeevnd cg` xacl cygpe z"c eilr lawy xbc micen minkgc xaqc n"xl mbc r"ve .xnen iedc ,dxezd lkl ceyg xnen n"n la` dxezd lkl ceygc cg` xacl ceygc `teb df mbe .q"w yxey w"ixdnd azk oke ,ied `l xg` xaca dxiarn di`x oi` minkglc oeik ,a"v `l` .l`xyin xb y"n k"` xg` xac lr mb xeariy ezlawn xfeg df ixd cg` xac lr cifna xaery oeikc

`"xbd zdinz lr l"vf `xity i`n` m"anxd z` oiaxwn oi` exiibzdy mixbd zeheicd iptl

`"xbd uexz n"wtpdy `xity

zlaw oiiprl `id dqipke mpaxw ldwl

`xity `"xbd wiicn b"r` m"anxdlc lr giked eteqc oi`c ezligz ,zn` ezlaw alay mixac mixac mpi`

'nbd oeyln f"n zenaia xfgy xbc gken zeevnd on ea xnen ied

'qezd zrcl m` c"k zenaia xg` f"r ecar eed `l zexbd zrcle ,mixb `"ayxd eed o"anxde mixb 'qezd zrcl mb zrcl mbe `"ayxd zexb oi` o"anxde mixac xcba xwirc alay dielz dpen`d alay dlawa


,ezexb zrya `ly dzid z"c ezlawy xba t"lic wxe ,ezexb zrya zeevnd edericed `ly xba epiidc dxfg ied ea xfg m` dfae ,l"pke odilr el rcep f"g` ,ezkldk xiibzdy wcv xba la` ,xnen iede olek lr iedc dxezd lkl ceyg epi` cg` xacl cygp m` .c"kr .l`xyik

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`le z"c eilr lawy hwpc dnc cer d`xpe .xnen iede lk el oiricen oi` ixdy meyn cygpy xb mzq azk .el ericedy zeevnl `l` ceyg epi` `ede ,zeevnd xacl cygpe zexag ixac lawy ux`d mrc my y"ne lkl `qxibd i`nc 'qeza dpd ,dxezd lkl ceyg cg` d`xp m"anxd ixacn la` .zeevnd lkl `le lawy dn

lr cygpy xb epi` ,zeevnd lr `l` ceyg zeevnd edericedy

m"anxd zrca htelw l`ei 'x oe`bd mb x`ia ok


i"yxe m"anxd la` ...zeevn zlaw dzid `l df iptly ,dliahe dlin iptl zeevn zlaw micwdl jixv `lc exaq dligzn zexbd `l` ,zeevn zlaw llka akrn `le ...xb df ixd ,zecdi myl lah wx m` ,dliahe dlinn cala zecdi myl e` zexb myl dliah m"anxdl k"`yn zpzkde dnly zcngd eazky weligl jixv oi`e ,ipdn rnyn `le ,zeevn zrced oiae zeevn zlaw oia miqt dlah`c `xnbde .dzid ok zevn zlawy m"anxda llk ,zecp zliah zxne` z`f ,(a"r e"n zenai) `zzpi` myl .c"kr .zeevn zlaw ila m"anxle i"yxl zyxtzn l"vf htelw l`ei 'x mqxetnd oe`bdl iz`vn oke r"d` l`ei zrc extqa ,xqend ilra ilecbn dtig c"a` idefe :l"fe m"anxd zrca ok azky (c"py 'nr `"qw 'iq) t"r` ,azky f"i 'ld a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd zhiy k"b ly xcqdc zxne` z`f ,xb df ixd zeevnd edericed `ly lr dliahd dzid i`cea la` ,akrn `l zeevn zlaw g"ad azky dn oke .zecdi myl zegtl e` zexb zrc oi` ,xwir lk zeevn zlaw myl dzid `l dliahdy `l` ,zicedi `id ixd mia dlahy zilxr lky ezpeek `l` ,zecdi myl e` zexb myl dzid dliahd i`cea
i"xbd ixac zrca htelw m"anxd

m"anxd zrca gxti mely 'x oe`bd x`ia oke


zlawc jgxk lre ,xb df ixd lahe lny oeeik ,oypere zexbd dlg ji`d k"l`c ,zexbd mvrn dpi` zeevnd azky ,eixac jyndn k"b gken ikde ,edericed `lya zlaw oipr llk xikfd `le ,m"ekr llkn `vi lahe lnc y"re ,zexbd zednn wlg mpi`c jgxk lre ,zeevnd zeevnd zrced oi`y heyt df :l"fe azky cibnd axda `ed ixd dlre lah ,ulegd wxta exn`e ,caric akrn .c"kr .ahid w'ece y"ri eixac lkl l`xyik extqa `"hily gxti y"xbd ixacn x`ean oke d`xpe :l"fe m"anxd zrca c"i 'iq zeaezkl mely zgpn f"id a"eqi`n b"ita azk ixdy ,m"anxdl k"b oicd dfc zeevnd edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb :l"fe elit` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne ,oypere `vi ,lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep .l"kr ,ezwcv x`aziy cr el oiyyege ,m"ekrd llkn zeevnd edericed `ly elit`c ,azk m"anxdc ol ixd
y"xbd ixac zrca gxti m"anxd

m"anxd zrca `"hily iwqaekic dnly 'x mqxetnd oe`bd mb x`ia ok


itpk zgz stezqdle zixal qpkdl iebd dvxiyk dliahe dlin jixv ,dxez ler eilr lawie dpikyd zeevn zlawy `id oeyld zernyn ,"oaxw z`vxde c"al sq i`pz `id `l` ,zexbd dyrnn wlg dpi` ...zeevn lawl oken epi`y inl wwcfdl `ly
df lr ezxrd m"anxd oeyln mikln 'dn i"ta h"d

'x mqxetnd oe`bd m"anxd ixac z` x`ia mb jk qpka lecbd c"a xag `"hily iwqaekic dnly :l"fe h"qyz zpy oinegza eixac eqtcpe t"rayezl dxe`kl d`xp (g-` b"it a"eqi`) m"anxd ixacn mle` m"anxd .zexbd dyrnn wlg dpi` zeevn zlawy eqpkp mixac dyelya" :'` dklda wxtd z` gzet xkf oi` ,"oaxwae dliaha dlina ,zixal l`xyi zexecl oke" :m"anxd xne` 'c dklda .zeevn zlawl

y"xbd weic zrca iwqaekic b"ita m"anxd oi`y a"eqi`n zeevn zlaw dyrnn wlg zexbd

:azky (h,i mikln) m"anxd oeyln ipexird mpn` raya `l` weqri `le .dzin aiig dxeza wqry ieb" oze` oigipn oi` ,xac ly ellk .cala odly zeevn

didi e` `l` ,ozrcn onvrl zeevn zeyrle zc ycgl siqei `le ezxeza cenri e` ,zeevnd lk lawie wcv xb wcv xb lk ik `id oeyld zernyn dxe`kl ."rxbi `le .xeibl i`pzk zeevnd zxiny z` eilr lawl aiig m"anxd zpeeky `vnp ,ef dklda oiirpyk ,mle` xeqi` .dxeza weqrl xeqi`d lr xacn m"anxd .dpey aiig `ed xiibzdyk la` ,ieb `ed cer lk miiw df m"anxd yibcn ok lr .dxez cenlzae zeevnd zxinya .xeib i"r wx `id zeevn miiwl dcigid zexyt`dy a"eqi`) m"anxd ixac `id ipexirdy ztqep dkld ipta zxg` dliah jixv card xxgzyiyk" :(ai,bi ericedle zeevn eilr lawl jixv oi`e ...meia dyely ."zecar myl lahyk edericed xaky ,zcd ixwir dyrnn wlg `id zeevnd zlawy dxe`kl dler ,aey meyn dl jixv epi` xxgzynd cary `l` ,xeibd df m"anxn okae ,zecarl ezqipka zeevn law xaky lra ziyrp car ly zeevnd zlaw ,dketd di`x yi :zncew dklda m"anxd oeylk ,ezecbpzd sxge egxk zgz `ede dlriy cr mina etwzl eax jixv jkitl" ."eliahn zecar myly mipiicd ipta ericene ,eceary card z` mitwez xy`k ,zeevn zlaw o`k yi m`d
.ef dxrd eziigc daxc`ye yi df m"anxn dketd dgked df lr ezxrd m"anxd ixacn a"eqi`n b"ita a"id ef dxrd eziigc

`l recne ?zeevnd z`e dliahd z` eilr miteke mina zycegn zeevn zlaw ,oixeg oa dyrpyk jxhvi xecd" :yexeeyg` inia l`xyi ipa eyry itk ,oevxn witqz ,dfa ic m`y jgxk lr ."yexeeyg` inia delaw .ozlaw `ll mb cala zeevnd zrced
mitqep zenewn y"xbd `iany iwqaekic mda m"anxdn z` `ed yibcn zeevnd zlaw

z` yibcne m"anxd xfeg mitqep zenewna mb micard" :(`i ,ai) a"eqi` zeklda .zeevnd zlaw e`vi ,zeevn mdilr elawe zecar myl mze` eliahdy my) sqep mewn ."e`a `l l`xyi llkle miebd llkn dwel epi` zepzg jxc dgty gwl m` oke" :(c"i dkld llkn dzvi zeevn dlawe dlahy zrny ,dxezd on miebd lk" :(fi dkld my) ztqep mrt ."miiebd micarde dxezay zeevnd lk odilr elawie exiibziyk ."xac lkl l`xyik od ixd ,exxgzyiyk

zexewnn dlerd zrcl el` iwqaekic y"xbd

zlaw ok`y ,wiqdl jixv elld zexewnd lkn mewn yi oiicry `l` .zexbd jildzl zipeig zeevn e` zexbd dyrnn wlg `id zeevnd zlaw m` oecl zlaw `ll xeiba weqrl `ly ,c"dia ly sq i`pz micar ly zeevn zlawn di`x oi` xen`k .zeevn mb da ic z`f lkae ,card ly egxk lra ziyrpy .c"kr .xenb l`xyi dyrpe xxgzyiy xg`l

m"anxd zrca ok ex`ia zeaiyid iy`x ilecb


m"anxd zrca l"vf ipexag dyn mdxa` 'x oe`bd zrc dxezd zeevn iaeig ila l`xyik ied zeevnd law `le zecdi myl lahe lnac
,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` xb f"d zeheicd xfg elit`e ,'eke m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed ,oiyecw eiyecwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd m"ekr care epiax y"n wcwcl yie .'eke "ezcia` xifgdl devne m` jytp dnn ,"m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed" epiax y"n wcwcl yi cer ,xenb l`xyi ied ixd xb ied oiyecw eiyecw l`xyi `ed m` `hiyt oiyecw eiyecwy xnen l`xyi lka ixd ,f"r caery xnen `edy dn m`e exiibzpy mixbd el` lky epxack rnyn `l` ,ok oicd ,mixb ied d"t` ,zevnd elaw `ly i`ce ,xac liaya iqtz mixb iedc oeike ,zevne dxez mdl oi`y `l` lah :(a"r f"n) zenai 'nbd oeyl rnyn oke ,oiyecw extqa oexag zaiyi y`x l"vf ipexag m"`xbd l"f epixac itly `l` :(g"n 'iq) oiyecwl dyn z`yn myl lahe lne xiibzpy xb lky dkldl yecig `vei iaeig ila la` l`xyik ied ,zevn law `le zecdi c"id b"it) m"anxdn rnyn ok zn`ae ,dxezd zevn jzrc lr dlri l`" ,d`ia ixeq` 'ld (f"i f"h e"h e` eixg` ewca `ly xb 'eke l`xyi riyen oeynyy 'b ipta lahe lne oypere zevnd edericed `ly
m"`xbd ixac zrca ipexag m"anxd

miwqetd ilecbn miaehe miax cery oiivl ilr `ia`e ,m"anxd zrca ef jxca ekxc zeaiyid iy`xe :mdn wlg ixacn


zvw gikedle dxe`kl zegcl yiy s` ,oiyecw eiyecwe .y"nk xzei d`xp la` ,ef 'nbn jetidl

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i`c ,`zkld i`nl ,xac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd dlre dia opixw xnen l`xyi ,l`xyi za ycwne dia xcd

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y m"anxd zrca ixzi` zaiyi y`x l"vf hptil` n"xbd ixac
oiicr el xqg la` ,m"ekr llkn e`ivedl `l` zlren l`xyi aygp mipic el`l x`ap oldle .l`xyi mya .l`xyi mya el xqg oiicr mipic el`le epixacl xewnde :l"fe ('a ze`a my) azk aeye onvr dliahde dlind i"r dlgy zexb zelg cer dpyiy dpi` ef zexby `l` ,zeevn zlawe zexb zlaw `la ,m"ekr llkn e`ivedl `l` zlren dpi`e ,dxenb zexb dxeza yxetn `ed ,l`xyi mya oiicr el xqg la` ,dgxk lra `id zexbd mzd ixdy ,x`ez zti zyxta elit`e ,llk xiibzdl dvex dpi`c ,zexb zlaw `kile zexbd zelgc jgxk lre ,zexb `iedc dxez dycig ikd zlaw `la dnvr dliahd i"r dlg ,dgxk lra zexba dlg `l mc` ly egxk lray `l` ,zeevn zlawe zexb ,dgxk lra ipdnc dxez dzliby mewna `l` zexbd ded ,zexb myl ezrcn lahe lnyk ,mipt lk lr la` eixac epype .zeevn zlawe zexb zlaw `la mb xb `vz ik zyxt ikcxn zkxa `xwpd dxezd lr extqa .(jli`e n"w cenr) xtqa ,ixzi` zaiyi y`x ,l"vf hptil` n"xbd :l"fe azk '` ze` 451 'nr l"vf xpxe a"yxbdl oexkfd izy opyic dkld dxn`p zexb zyxtac ,ycgl d`xpe oeylke ,zexb zlaw i"r zexb zelg ,zexb ly zeielg m"ekrd dvxiyk zexecl oke" :'c 'ld b"ita m"anxd eilr lawie dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle zixal qpkdl jdae ."oaxw z`vxde dliahe dlin jixv ,dxez ler zelg mvr z` milret opi` dliahde dlind ,dyxt la` ,zixal qpkp mci lry miyrn md `l` ,zexbd qpkdle xiibzdl ezlaw i"r zlrtp zexbd zelg zlaw `id efc ,zeevn zlaw opira ikd meyne ,zixal zexbe .dliahe dlin enk envr ipta oic df oi`e zexbd .wcv xb aygp dci lry dxenbd zexbd `id ef dliahde dlind i"r dlgy ,zexb zelg cer dpyie dlin eteba dyrpy dn i"r ,zexb zlaw `ll onvr zlaw llk opira `l ef zelgae ,zexb myl dliahe dlin oic wx `l` ,zexb zlaw oic dfa `kilc ,zeevn dpi`e ,dxenb zexb dpi` ef zexby `l` ,eteba dliahe
n"xbd ixac zrca hptil` m"anxd

onlf xqi` 'x xecd zten mqxetnd oe`bd zrc zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi` m"anxd zrcly l"vf xvln
eze` oiricen f`y ,dliah zrya `l` dyly jixvy xwirc gkene ,'b jixvy azk zevn zvwn zipy dne ,dliah zrya xiykn `l` mcewn did `l zexbd mrhn epi`c l"v ,xb f"d dlila lah m`c azky 'cn g"qx 'iq j"yd k"ynk `l` ,oic xnbk iedc .y"r ,oc mpic epce exar m` oica mbc inlyexid .l"kr xqi` 'x mcewd xecd zten mqxetnd oe`bd k"ke g"ta m"anxd lr lf`d oa` xtqa l"vf xvln onlf xagnde xehd eazkc dne :l"fe k"d micar 'dn 'qezd ixacn `ed ,meia dpi` m` akrn zeevn zlawc ,ok m"anxd xaeq epi` dfa mbc d`xp ,y"`xde oiriceny xiibzdl `ayk dligznc azkyk m"anxdc xikfd `l ,eze` oiln lawyke ,zevn zvwn eze`
z` x`an ok mb m"anxd zrc xqi` 'x oe`bd xvln onlf lf`d oa` extqa

zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y m"anxd zrcc `xity iav mely 'x oe`bd ixac
dryn zegnl lekiy wqt n"ne ,my n"nd y"nke lawn epi`y dppi` d`gndc jgxk lr ,licbdy zeevnd zlaw jixv `lc `id ezhiy ixdc ,zeevnd mixe`a uaewa ,`xity iav mely 'x oe`bd k"ke m"anxd zrclc ,(h"py 'nr) micar 'd m"anxd lr zeakrn opi` zeevnd zlaw ,f"ild a"eqi`n b"ita
'x oe`bd ixac iav mely zrca `xity m"anxd

diikfd lhan `ed dgenykc jgxk lre ,oiakrn opi`e `ly el oikfyk mewn lka geevyky enk exear ,egxk lra mc`l oikfn oi`c ,diikfd lhia ,eipta

zexbdc ,`"i zeaezka 'qezdk l"q m"anxdc gxkene oixcdpqa 'qezdk `le ,diikf oicne ,dxezdn `id .g"q

m"anxd zrca j`apfii` i"gxbd ixac zeevnd zlaw `id zexb myl dliahde zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`c
oiricene :azk i"yxae ,`wec dliah zryl oipr df llkl qpkp `ed dliah i"r `zydc ,zeevn zvwn eze` ler eilr lawl jixv deevn zliah zrya jkld ,zexb dnle mipiipr 'a eed q"eq ixd r"v n"ne ,l"kr zeevn oicc d`xpe .dliahd xg`l mb dzeyrl xyt` i` llk jiiy `l dfc ,d`nehn dxdh df oi` ixd zliah g"de`ae b"id zn z`nehn `"t n"xa 'ire) m"ekra oicn dliahd ied zn`ac `l` ,(zweg zyxt yixl eilr lawl epevx d`xn laehy dfac ,zeevnd zlaw oicn `l` mzq dliah oic ied `le ,l`xyi zyecw q"zgd ixaca ze`xl yi epixacl ceqie .zeevnd zlaw ler zlaw dxwiry dliah k"`yn :l"fe `"i zeaezka dci lry devn myl didzy dliah ira ,'eke zeevn xikfd `l xity f"tle .y"r dpikyd itpk zgz qpki ,dliaha ibq df oiprlc ,zevnd zlaw oic m"anxd ,jixv `l zeevnd zlaw ly cgein dyrn zn`a la` .c"kr uaew) `-dxez qepk uaewa j`apfii` i"gxbd k"ke epia lah" m"anxd y"nc xnel oi`c ,(h"n cenr 2 meyn oeyld ltky "envr oial epia xiibzpe envr oial mb mlerle ,zeevnd zlawl "xiibzp" zaiza ezpeeky `l i`n` f"tlc `cg ,epi` df ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw dliahc xninl `kile ,"zexb" mya dliahd mb z`xwp ixdy ,zexbd mvrn dpi`e zexbd z` zakrn wx ied oiire) `nlrc d`nehn dliahk ied `l mixb zliah opira i` my zenai i"wenpa d"`xde o"anxd zwelgna ecia uxye laehk ied zxg`c lah k"g`e ln `wec ixac z` wizrd r"eydy cere ,(g"qx 'iq yix r"eyae li`edc ,d`xp heyt jxcae ."ln e` lah" m"anxd dpeekdc yxtn m"anxde "xiibzp" wx `ed oeyld 'nbae oiadl dywi n"n j` .zepeyld 'a hwp okl dliahl .zexbd mvrl akrz `l zeevnd zlawc m"anxd y"n mcwda ,x`al ile` il d`xp xy`e dn dxe`kle ,'eke zeevnd el miricen dliahd zryac
i"gxbd ixac zrca j`apfii` m"anxd

zenewn d`xn xtqa `"hily oefawri awri 'x oe`bd zrc zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi` r"eyde m"anxd zrcly zeaezkl
wqtp oke ,`aekirl df oi`c `icdl azky f"id a"eqi`n sc) zenai 'qez 'ieri j` .(a"iq g"qx 'iq) c"ei r"eya `dc mzd x`eanc ,dlah `l in d"ca (a"r d"n ,zeevn ler zlaw liaya epiid ,mipiic dyely opirac zrc oke ,(akrn oipiic 'b oic `dc) ,akrn dfc rnyne lke d"c g"qx 'iq c"ei g"aa 'ire .my zenai y"`xd ,dfa y"`xde 'qeze m"anxd zzbelt z` `iady ,eipipr r"yde m"anxdy zehyta oiany x`eane .l"kr .y"`xde 'qezd lr miwleg zenewn d`xn xtqa oefawri awri 'x oe`bd k"ke ira xbc e"n sc zenai 'nb 'ir :l"fe ('v 'nr) zeaezkl eze` miricenc ,f"n sc my 'ire ,oaxwe dliahe dlin a"eqi`n b"it m"anx 'ire ,zexenge zelw zeevn dnzy 'eke ongp ax xn` d"ca o`k `"ahix 'ir .k"yn z` ericedl xyt` i` `de ohwl zexb `ki` ji` opirac `dc uxizy y"iire ,zrc xa epi`c zeevnd .devnl wx `l` `aekirl df oi` zeevnd z` ricedl b"it m"anx 'ir .mipey`xa `zbelt dfa epivne
i"xbd ixac zrca oefawri m"anxd


m"anxd zrca ok azk onxy dyn 'x oe`bd mb
epi` carica zeevn zlawy rnyn m"anxd oeyl dhiya oiir) .llk zeevnd laiw `l m` akrn dpyi dhiye `"ahix mya `i sc zeaezk zvaewn akrn epi` zeevn zlawy mpeyln rnyny .l"kr ,(carica

ceak xtqa onxy dyn 'x oe`bd azk

oke

b"ita m"anxd :l"fe m"anxd zrca h"k 'nr axd `ly xb" :azek fi dkld d`ia ixeqi` zekldn lne ,oypere zeevnd edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca zehytn ."xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe

n"xbd ixac zrca onxy m"anxd

m"anxd zrca oiit ediryi mdxa` 'x oe`bd k"k


azkay l"` ,'eke i`ny iptl `ay cg` ixkpa dyrn lld iptl `a ,'eke jpin`n ipi` t"ray jpin`n ip` ler envr lr laiw `l `dc dywe .'eke dixiib t"rayez mb lawiy lld geha didc i"yxite ,zeevn exiibc rnyn 'nbd oeylc ,dyw oiicr n"kne ,seqal jiiy did ji`e ,dixiib lld iptl `a xn`c ,cin oeik `de ,zeevn ler envr lr laiw mxha zexb n"ye ,xb didi ji` ,zeevna envr z` aiig `ly ick zeevna envr z` aiigiy jixvc oic epi`y k"`` eze` oilawn oi`y i`pz `ed wx ,xb zeidl seqal miiwi dfy geha didy llde ,zeevn miiwi miiwiy i`pzd meiw dfa yic ,elaiw xity ,zeevn .zeevn extqa oiit ediryi mdxa` 'x oe`bd azk a"eike edine :l"fe b"nw 'nr (xvge dikf zegily) wcv zti` zeaiigzd edfe ,xba zeevn zlaw opira `dc ,'w oiicr leki epi` ohwe ,zeevnd miiwl envr z` aiigny opirac dnc d`xpe ,xb didi ji`e ,envr z` aiigl z` aiigl jixvy oic df oi` ,zeevn eilr lawiy oi`y mixb zlawa i`pz `ed wx ,zeevna envr ehwpc dnl s`e ,l`xyik bdpi k"`` mixb milawn ,akrn df i`pzc epiid ,akrn zeevn zlawc miwqetd lg `l okle ,ea utg 'dl oi` ,zeevna bdpi `l m`c envr z` aiigny zeaiigzd edfy `l la` ,zexbd .zeevna x"z ,(`"r `"l sc) zayc `dn ,xacl di`xe
i"`xbd ixac zrca oiit m"anxd

m"anxd zrca xiaqnd mya `xza iyecga k"k


ira `l` ,zcgein dlaw jixv oi`c ,llk akrn `l 'qez la` ,dliahe dlin dyrnda l`xyi zeidl oevx eazky ,dzecpl dlah `l in d"c (a"r d"n) zenai dliahd jxevl epi` zexbl ,[mipiic] dyely irac `dc 'qezn opirny t"kr la` ,zeevn ler zlawl `l` edfe ,akrn `ede zexbdn wlg `ed zeevn zlawc ,zeevn zlawl zrc oiiprl diikf opirac o`k xe`iad lre ,dlaw dyrn yic ,diikf jiiy xity df lre .l"kr .dikf jiiy xity dyrn xiaqnd mya (`"i) zeaezkl `xza iyecga k"ke ezxiwg t"r ,epziibeq z` xiaqnd yxit cer :l"fe zexbn wlg df m`d ,zeevn ler zlaw xb irac `da e` ,zeevn zlawe ,dliah ,dlin miwlg 'b da zi`c dyrnd zxevc `l` ,zexbd mvrn wlg epi` `nlic ixeqi`n b"it m"anxa 're ,zeevn zlawa ded zexb ler zlaw oic llk `iad `l wxtd yixay ,d`ia lnc azk wxtd seqae ,zexbd dyrnn wlgk zeevn zeevn zlawc ixd ,xb ied zeevnd edericed `le lahe
iyecgd y"n mya `xza zrca xiaqnd m"anxd

zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y zey` myl xiibzn oicn di`x


c"k zenai) mixb mlek dkldc 'nba x`eanc ,zeklne myl `le dyi` myl xiibzny xaecn my ixde ,(a"r ea didz cvik ,miny myl `ly xiibznde ,miny zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y jkl ztqep di`x ,dyi` myl xiibzny in oicn `iadl yi ,zexbd dxxy oebk xg` xac meyl e` yi` myl zxiibznde
xiibznn di`x zeyi` meyl eze` oilawnc


xazqn m` mb ynn miiwi `ly milawn ,lkd eze`

dpeekl oieekzny oeeik ixde ,zeevne dxez ler zlaw envr lr lawny dny xnel mewn did dxe`kl ,zxg` z`yl liaya uegle dtyd on `ed zexbd zrya dzr jgxk lre .mixb mlek dkld z`f lkae ,dyi` oiipr o`k oi` ,zeevnd envr lr lawny xne`ykc envr lr lawn ixdy ,'eke cg` xacn ueg ly xzei didi m` 'it`e ,zeevne dxez ler lawl `xwp dfe ,lkd

mb xazqn dfny ,ezexb zaiq oiiprl dxf dpeek el lka miyrn mi`ex ep`y enk ,lkd ynn miiwi `ly lka ,mler zenin ze`ivna miiw xacd oky enke ,mei zlaw yexit oi`c ,zeevnd zlawa mbt df oi` z`f miiwl oieekzny zexb zrya ezpeek didzy ,zeevnd

df yigkndy ze`ivnd yigkn

myl xiibzn epi`y inl ze`ivna jiiy df oi`c ,lkd .ze`ivnd yigkn df yigknde ,miny

zexbd xg` zeevnd meiwl qgia xbd xewgl oi` zexbd i"r dil` qpkpy zeaiigzdd oiaie rciy wx jixve
dil` qpkpy xeiba

oic okl ,xb epi` dzla xy` zexbd zedn efd dlawd f` ,el ericed `l m` la` ,dligzkl wx `ed drcedd ,el jixvd lk el ericed m` e"we y"ke ,t"kr xb ied zcewp mey epl oi` ,xiibzdl epevxn ea xfge yxt `le ,zipivxe dpk dlawd oi` ile` ccvle da fg`dl dtxez 'qezd y"nke mdidel` micaer eidy mizeka wxe zexbd zrya 'it`y rnynye ,y"r (a"r c"n) zenaia mpic dfa xwya dzid zexbd lke f"r icaer eid ynn cearl xfg elit`y wqt m"anxd ixd d"`ld ,miiebk 'iq b"g) u"ayxda oiire .xnen l`xyik `ed ixd f"r eiyeciwc cin exeql xfge zg` dry xiibzpy xba (f"n u"ayxd my azk ,mnvr mizeka elit`e ,y"r oiyeciw ,yciwy izeka did dyrny ,o"a`xe xehrd lra mya xacde ,l`eny xne dcedi ax xa xn `hib dikxv`e `zi`ck ,mixenb m"ekrk zeidl mdilr exfby reci .l"kr ,oilegc w"ta

ik s`c ,l"pdl jynda yxtl c"rl d`xp cere y"nke zexbd zakrn zeevnd zrced i` oi` m"anxdl zeevnd zrced oi`y heyt" :l"fe dpyn cibnd axd c"i wxt yixa onwl azk m"anxd ixd n"n ,"zakrn laiw m`e zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn eze` oiriceny mikqdy l"xc rnyn "laiw m`e" oeyle ,eze` oiln zvwn el ericedy ixg`y l"xe ,drcedd dze` lr `l m` dzernyne ezhlgd caek oiane ,oypere zeevn oilawn if` ,z`f lk lawn ip` xne`e ,zeevnd miiwi m` dxiwg el miyery yextd oi` la` .c"ad eze` m` eyext `l` ,dizeevne dxezd lk miiwl oeekzn da dkexkd zeaiigzdde dricid z` envr lr lawn ,zexbl oiipr epi` ,meiw i` e` meiwe .eze` milawn iptl zzl jixvy oeayge oica ,`iny itlk oiipr `ed envr lr lawiy jixv dligzkl i`cea ik s`e .e`xea oi`e li`ed la` ,qpkp `ed zeaiigzd dfi`l rcie

zrced oi`y s` zakrn zeevn opira ,m"anxdl lawiy dligzkl z` oiaiy ick zernyn ezhlgd

mewn mey oi`y xiibznd zxiwgl meiwl qgia k"g`

jixv dligzkly z` oiaie rciy zeaiigzdd

efl ef llk dzencl oi`e ixnbl efn ef dpey m"anxde 'qezd zhiyy
dxvep jkle ,mziiyew gkn ok uxzl egxked 'qezde ,'b ipta `ly dliah oiipra m"anxdl mpia zwelgn mzwelgn ceqia cer aigxpe ,df l` df axw `l k"`e .l"nk`e ,onwl
dprn axd ixac zrca oeyl m"anxd

a"r d"n sc) zenaia 'qezd zhiy aaxrl oi`e epiid dyely opirac i`dc eazky (dlah `l in d"c zhiy mr y"r dliahl `l la` zeevnd lawl dywed ik ,df mvexizl ekxved ixd 'qezd ik ,m"anxd oi` ixde ,zexb oiiprl dcip zliah lirez ji` mdl zlawac evxiz df lre ,odnir yi` `iadl miyp jxc m"anxd la` .dliaha `le dyely opira zeevnd ,e"da y"nke dliaha akrl dyely opirac l"qe ,wleg zpeeka xg` yext el yiy ,dligzn `l elv` mziiyewe ,cibnd axd y"nke dzcipl dlah `l in 'nbd ziiyew

oia aaxrl oi`y 'qezd zhiy m"anxd zhiyl

jeza ('e 'iq c"ei) `"g oeyl dprn z"eya oiire erhy d`xpk lwdl epcy el`e ,'ky ezaeyz ixac `ly 'ky ,a"eqi` 'lda my m"anxd oeyla zeevnd zrced oi`e" ,azk my n"nae ,edericed eli`ke ,dlawd lr `id dpeekdy eayge ,"zakrn oekp df oi`e ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`e aezky


d"`ixbd mb m`y azk bevxd drced oi` ok m` zakrn dlaw oi` zakrn

-
zlaw i`ce la` ,zakrn drcedd oi`y `l` ,llk .c"kr heyt dfe ,zakrn zeevn miwqet zwdl epnn mlrp ,e"xp axdn x"ndg`e 'iq) oeyy `"xdnl 'zn` zxez' z"eya oebk iz`ady `id cg drcedde dlawdy ,(a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdne ('k drcedd oi`y ehwpy mipey`xd lke ,zakrn dpi`e gkencke ,zeevn zlaw lr mb mzpeeky heyt zakrn (a"r d"n) zenaie (a"r `"i) zeaezka `"ahixd ixacn dpyi dhiy mya zvaewn dhiyae (a"r g"q) zayae azk oke ,(e"t 'iq) c"g f"acxd z"eyae (my zeaezk) ziiyewn gken oke ,m"anxd zrca g"qx 'iq g"ad g"qx 'iq) deab ogley axde ('` ze` g"qx 'iq) n"cd myne ,glecad epirn dnlrdd dzid df lke ,(f"h w"q eazky mipexg`d lk mbe .ezaeyz ixac xzil dx`a 'iq) xehd t"r zexbd zakrn zeevn zlawc opihwpy ,(b"q my) oxn ixac zehytn dxe`kl rnzynde (g"qx miltltne da miywzne zxg` dhiy m"anxdlc mipian ,cere ,(d"r 'iq c"ei a"g) y` icixy z"eya oiir da .xidve xidp lkd epizhiyl mle` d"`ix oe`bdl miazke miwqt xtqa zrk iz`vne :l"fe azky (c"i ze` h"v 'iq) 'c jxka l"vf bevxd
eixac ziigc

b"ita m"anxd) epiax ixaca wcwcl epl yi oiicre ericed `l m` elit`y xne` l"f `edy ,(f"id a"eqi`n oi`y heyt df ,l"f n"nd azke ,oypere zeevnd el ,denz df dxe`kle ,carica zakrn zeevnd zrced ,zecdi `id dn rci `ly oeeik eilr laiw dn k"`y lahe lny ieba `l` o`k xaecnd oi`y heyt la` ,jk myl laehe lny xn`e ,zecdi myl llk jxca zeidl l`xyi lke c"a zrc lr eilr laiwy `vnpe zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn el ericed `ly `l` ,icedi xb mvra oke ,lirl izxn`y enke zexeng zeevn zeidl mzqa xiibzpy epiide ,mixkepd oia xiibzpy mey el ericed `le ,l`xyi lke c"a zrc lr icedi ccv axdy t"r`e .l"f axd ly l"kr ,xb edfe ,zeevn yiy zexb ipiipra zeaeyzd lka dfa miccv dnke dnk .xzei mi`xp dfa eixac ,my

d"`ixbd zrcl xaecn bevxd llk jxca lahy idefe zecdi myl dlawd

d"`ixbd ixac md bevxd g"p`xdnk

dliny (a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn y"nl aexw dfe mvray epiide ,efn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` dliahe zeidl zpn lr laehe lny dcen `ed mbe epl reci okle ,dxez ler zlawe zeevn zlaw `xwp dfe ,icedi ieed ,zeevnd zvwn edericed `lac m"anxd wqt mb dfae icedi zeidl zxhnl laehe ln seq seq ik ,xb .ibq

zakrn zeevn zlawe zrced oi`y mixaeqd mipey`xd odn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` dliahe dliny l"qc meyn `ed mnrh
zeevn zlaw edfe ,icedi zeidl envr lr lawnya k"b leahle lenl envr lr lawny mipey`x zvwn oeylke law" oeyld myc (my) zenaia `"ahixa oiire ,c"aa lawiy jixvy" `"ayxae o"anxa d"ke ,"leahl c"aa eilr laiwe" i"enpa oke "leahle lenl c"a ipta eilr oi`y miax mipey`xl epivn jci`ne ,"leahl mdipta dlawd didzykc eycg 'qezde ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw dliaha 'b opira m"anxdlc idpe ,'ba dliahl v"` 'ba dzid m`y xnel 'qezd epeekzp `lc xyt` n"n ,akrl ipta dzid `l m` dlawa oexqg my yi 'ba dliahd dlaw jl oi` ,'b iptae dlin ixg` laehyk zn`ac ,'b okle ,(a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdnd oeylke efn dlecb dlawd oi` e` zakrn drcedd oi`y mipey`xd eazkyk mb mlerle ,'b ipta dliahd dzid m` l"x zakrn drcedd oi`y mipey`xd zhiy mb oiaz dfae z"eya r"re .`id cg dlawde drcedd edcicle ,zakrn ,zecdi myl card zliah oiiprl (f"qz 'iq) y"ayxd xn`e eixac xxay oeeike ,'eke oiiprle d"ca my azky ,efk mzpeeky mipiipr e` "xb ipixd" e` "icedi ipixd" dfe ,eixac lkl l`xyik `ede ,zexgl `vie envra dkf d`ia ixeqi` 'lda m"anxde s"`ixd zhiy itk elit` eixac xxanyky oixz`a iwe`e dpin wec ,y"r 'eke ,dfa `veike zexb e` zecdi myl dliaha ezpeeky .dxez lere zeevn zlaw llka ieedc ixdc ,xac ycgl mewn yi ile` ,dfl `piz` i`e axwl xyt`y dnk lke ,opiytn `l `zbelt iyet` 'qezd dpdc ,sicr dfl df miwqetde mipey`xd zerc xnel mpevx `ny ,dyely opira zeevn zlawc evxizy
zrca yecg zpn lr 'qezd iyet`l `ly `zbelt zxaq ceqi oi`y mipey`xd zeevnd zlaw zakrn

cgein cnrn dfi` yiy o`k ycgl epeekzd `l 'qezd lr miwleg mdye ,zakrny zeevnd zrcedl xeywd .zakrn drcedd oi`y m"anxd y"n `"i) zeaezkl w"nhyd y"nn dfl di`x il yie oiliahn j`id `"ahixd ziiyew dligzn `iady ,(`"r ,zexenge zelw edericeiy opira `nlra xb `de ohw dhiyd z` mb `iade ,akrn epi`e devnl `eddc uxze `kid ilin ipd ,dlaw jixvc b"r`c 'wdy dpyi w"nhyd zrc mby dfn cenll yie ,y"r ,xyt`c jledy ixd ,zwelgna `ilzc xird `lcn cere ,mzrck denz `ed dxe`kle ,zakrn dlawd oi` r"eklc oiane l"ed akrl zeevn zlaw opirac 'qezd zrc yxtp m` wiicl dxe`kl yi k"`e ,zwelgna ielzc aezkl .l"ynk zlawy epeyla hwpy xehdl mby ,`vei xen`dle zecdi myl laehy eita xne`y l"x ,zakrn zeevn didiy oia dliah zrya df didiy oia ,'ba df didie o`k oi`e li`ed dliahd iptly wx ,dliahd iptl df ,zeevn lawl jixv f` ,eilr gikeny dyrne dliah jl oi`y ,dliah zry znerl ,z`f xidadl xnelk
zrc z` mb ok yxtl yi xehd w"nhydn di`x l"pd yecgl

laeh oiipre jxev dfi`l ixdy ,efn dlecb zeevn zlaw dpeekdy `l m` ,oic ziak mcnrny 'b eilr micnere ipycg `ed df xe`iay rcei ip`e .zexb zliahl o`k la` ,mipey`xd oia zwelgn oi` hrnk eitle ,frepe `edy il d`xp ik ,azkd lr ezelrdln rpnp ippi` upiv l"`xdnl x"eye] .xgai oiirnde ,zn`l aexw `paizkck eixacn x`eany ('p 'iq) ytp zaiyn z"eya [onwl oiire eyiy irn ipa eyiye
oeyln sqep weic ceqil m"anxd l"pd

`ly cg` weic cer siqedl l"p ,l"pd lk calne i`pz `ed dxez ler zlaw m` ik ,`ede ,eizazk (c"d a"eqi`dn b"ita) aezkl m"anxdl l"ed ,zexba zixal qpkdl iebd dvxiyk zexecl oke :oeyld efa ,dxez ler eilr lawle dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle dxen ,"lawie" oeyl la` ,eilr lawiy oiadl yi f`c i`pz yi m`c ,izwiic lirl mpn` ,mcewl jynpy ,xb ied `l df `lae "dxez ler eilr lawl" akrn `le ,oaxwe dliah dlin mr df i`pz lelkl l"ed oeird llka md oeyl iweicy iptn ,df weic izxkfd miie`x t"kre ,miccea zlgp `ed meidy ,ihytd recie ,l"pk ,l"pdl sxhvdl migkepd mixacd .yexta azk `ly dna s` m"anxd ixacn micnely

dliahe dlin `id m"anxd zrcl zexbd xwiry hpa l`wfgi 'x oe`bd yxit ok
zeevnd zrced oi`y m"anxd ixacl xewn e`xd `l m"anxd ixac `iad (g"qx i"qeq) i"aae ,zakrn r"eyd iyxtn mbe ,(a"iq g"qx 'iqa) r"eya mwqte `iad `l (g"qx 'iq) xehd la` ,dfl xewn e`xd `l ."edericed `l" ly oiipr
`"ahixd oeyl `xaq" i"wenpde m` `z`eeaxc edericed `l "akrn epi`

l`wfgi x"bd azk df weic oirky iz`vn aeye wiicl ,(b"q cenr 'd zxaeg f"h dpy) sq`nda hpa cr xb epi`" azky e"d a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd ixacn leahie leniy cr xb epi` l"lede ,"leahie leniy ,'d zxnyn z` xenyiy xxazie zeevnd eilr lawie n"y ,lahe ln lr wx carica citwdcn i`ce `l` oiprd z` akrn epi` dxezd zxinye zeevnd zlawc eixace ,y"r ,edelaw m` t"kr carica xb didiy .ce`n epn`p :azk f"id b"it d`ia ixeqi` 'ld m"anxd dpde zeevnd edericed `ly e` ,eixg` ewca `ly xb" ."xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne ,oypere zrced oi`y heyt df ,dpyn cibn axd azke zxez z"eya oeyy `"xdn dnze ,caric akrn zeevnd milecb dnke heyt `edy azk ji` `ltc ,('k 'iq) zn` m"anxd iyxtn x`ye ,zehiyt jd l"pne ,jtidl exn`

df weic oirk 'x oe`bd mb wiic hpa l`wfgi

dn lr (`"r f"n sc) zenaia `"ahixd dpde zelw zeevn xbl ricedl jixvy cenlza exn`y `l m` l"f `z`eeaxc `xaqe 'it ,azk ,zexenge [.h"q o"n`p .gken ikde] n"de akrn epi` edericed ziibeql mzpeeke ,sqei iwenpa k"ke ,lecb llk 'ta ixn`c l`enye ax ,(a"r g"q sc) zay cenlzd ,dl zgkyn ikide ,miiebd oial daypy wepiza ediiexz ,mipexg`d lk ecnl dfne ,miiebd oial xiibzpy xba azky enke ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi` `"ahixd zrcly s`c ,dpyi dhiy mya zvaewn dhiya dxexa dxeva ohwa la` ,xyt`c `kid ilin ipd ,dlaw irac ab lr

m"anxd ixac a"eqi`n b"ita f"id

cibnd axd yext m"anxd ixaca `"xdn zdinze xe`a lr oeyy cibnd axd


dpi`y drcedd oiiprl cenll mewn yi ohw zexbn envr lr lawl zrc ea oi`y t"r` ixdy ,zakrn dpi` drceddc ,akrn epi` n"n ,ohw `ed ixdy melk dpi` zeevnd zlaw mby cenll yi o`kne] ,zakrn dn ,xb ied k"tr`e zrc ea oi` m` ixdy ,zakrn lawiy lleke edericeiy oiiprl llek drc ea oi`y ,zehiyta ,mipexg`d lk eazk zn`a okle ,drced k"ke ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y `"ahixd zrcc mb ,ok m`e ,[l"pke (a"r `"i) zeaezk zvaewn dhiya cinrd m"anxdy s`e ,xity cenll yi ohw zexbn oiiprd ,daypy ohw xba lecb llk wxt yixc `ibeqd zakrn drcedd oi`y `nlrl dipin opitlie cg`
sicrdy mrhd cinrdl m"anxd wepzc jd oial daypy zayc miiebd ohw xba g"q lecb xba `le

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,eazk xb d"c (`"r my) 'qezde ,y"r xyt` `l k"ke ,zay zevn edericed `le 'b ipta xiibzpy xiibzpy oebk ,'k o"anxd iyecgae .y"`xd zetqeza `le zexg` zeevn zvwn edericede dyely ipta .y"r ,edericed `le erhy e` ,zay zeevn edericed edericed `lc ixiin l"pd mipey`xd lk zrclc ixd `l s` o"anxdle ,zexbd akrn `le ,zay zeevn xiibzpa ixiinc ,yxtl licbd ixi`nde ,melk edericed ,miebd oia xiibzpy xn`y enke ,dyely `la epia 'it` carica la` ,dyely jixvy `ed dligzkle zeevnd zrced oi`y jgxk lr k"`e ,y"r ,envr oial oi`y m"anxd ixac xewn edf dxe`kl k"`e ,zakrn .zakrn drcedd :azk (a"d f"t) zebby 'lda envr m"anxd mle` ohw xiibzp e` ,m"ekrd oial ohw `ede daypy e`" denzl yic ,dpyn sqk axd dywde ."m"ekrd oia `ede xyt` inp lecb elit`c ,ohw xiibzpy epiax y"n lr ,lecb xiibzp m`c meyn ,l"ie ,zay zeevn rci `ly oiliahny ohw xb la` ,zay zevn edericedy i`ce ixd ,'we ,k"r ,ericedl v"` ,c"a zrc lr eze` k"`e ,xb ied edericed `lyk lecba mb m"anxdl 'it` miiebd oia xiibzpy xb 'nba `zi`c dn miwel ,xzeia dyw cere ,akrn epi`y edericed `lyke lecba jkl xewn epl oi` k"` ,ohwa ixiinc 'nbd yxtn m`y n"gld lr mbe ,akrn epi` edericed `ly lecbay rci ixd ,edericed i`c ,ok xnel gxkday azky ,dyw xiibzpy azke ,z`f diyewn hlnp epiaxe ,zay zeevn mle` ,l"f n"k lra axd df lr cnr xake ,ohw `edyk ,edericed i`ceac m"anxdl dyw did m`c zn`a d`xp lk evxzy enk zakrn drcedd oi`y uxzl l"id ,zakrn drcedd oi`y ewqtl m`zdae ,mipey`xd drcedd oi`y xewn epl oi` ok m`c ,dyw xzeiae cibnd axd ixac lr oeyy `"xdnd 'ewk 'we ,zakrn .akrn epi`y dizehiyt i`nc sc) zeaezka `"ahixd ixac t"r ,uxzl d`xpe s`e ,oic zia c"r eze` oiliahny ohw iebc ,(`"r `"i oky lke ,c"a c"r oiliahn llk zrc ea oi`y it lr i`de ,xiibzdl envrn `a `ede zrc el yiyk edericeiy opira `nlra xbc b"r` eze` oiliahnc e`lc `kde ,akrl epi`e devnl `edd ,zexenge zelw mbc f"tl `vnp ,k"r ,akrn epi` `ed drced xa
xewn m"anxdl edericed `l oic `ed akrn epi`y ohw zexb oicn mipey`xdly xb ziibeqa lr ,xiibzpy oi`y jgxk zeevnd zrced zakrn

`le ohw xba cinrdl m"anxd sicrdy dne ,zexbd m"anxd wqty itl ,lecba mb ok oicdy 'it`e lecba oial epia lah m`y ,(f"d b"it) d`ia ixeqi` 'lda `aekirl dyely jixve ,xb epi` mipy ipta 'it`e envr 'iq) r"ya wqty enke ,enyn (g"qx 'iq) xehd y"nke wegx dyelyae ,dyely eidc k"r k"` ,(b"q g"qx 'bac s`c ,melk edericeiy ila edeliahiy xacd

m"anxd zhiy oia xiibzpy xba miebd

ly mi axdl dligzkl dnly zexbdy ibq 'ba elit` didz wx zeheicd zvwn edericeiy zeevn

azk n"n ,m"anxd azky enke xb ied k"b zeheicd opirac `dc (c"t) zenai zkqna dnly ly mi axd ricedl elkeiy opiray wx ,zeheicda 'it` ibq ,'b xak eze` ericedyk k"` ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn `le dligzkl zeheicd 'b ipta 'it` laeh ,rci e` jixvy mircei zeheicd mzq k"` ,y"r ,oignen opira ohw xba `ibeqd cinrdl m"anxd sicrd okle ,ricedl `evnl dyw ik ,oiricen oi` dligzkl s`c oicd eay eini lke zay xwir edericed `ly ze`ivn df zlefa .w"ece dfn rci `l

cinrdy dnn `ibeqd m"anxd gken ohw xba zlaw oi`c zakrn zeevn lahe lny lk zexb myl

ixiinc cinrn did m`y ,xwird `ede cere z`f edericed `la p"d`c xnele wlgl mileki epiid ,lecba epi` edericed `lac ,lif` ezhiyl m"anxd ik ,xb ied i`wc `kd la` ,dzid zeevnd zlaw t"kr la` ,akrn opitli ,dlaw `le drced `l my oi` k"rc ohw xb` myl lahe lny lky ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y .xb ied zexb

m"anxdl gxkd zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevnd

`ed cenild xwir m`y ,d`vei dxez dzrne ea oi`y ohwa `ibeqd micinrny m"anxdke ,ohwn zlaw oi`y yexita `"ahixd dfn cnly enke ,drc micinrny mipey`x x`y mby `vnp ,zakrn zeevnd

mb k"`e ,zakrn `l zeevnd zlawc ok mb l"q ,ok ,ohw xba mb xyt`c ,zayc `ibeqd cinrdy ixi`nd cnlp xwirae ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y k"b l"q cg dicicl dlawde drcedde ,ok k"b wqet m"anxdy .edcicl cenlzd ziibeq `ed jke ,od `ly ecinrdy l"pd y"`xde 'qezd df znerle zeevnd zrced oi`c l"qe ,ixii` lecbae edericed c"ke lah `l in d"c (a"r d"n) ediizhiyl ,zakrn k"re ,caric zakrn zeevnd zlawc ,eiwqta y"`xd uexizke ,zeevnd zlawl zeevnd zrced oia wlgl ly ewelgy ,oiaz mb dfne ,(h"k 'iq) dnly zcngd dpi` drceddy dlawl drcedd oia dnly zcngd jynda] ,'qezdl wx iz` ,zakrn dlawd la` zakrn la` ,[gxken epi` df mby d`xp y"cngd ixaca epxac hiwpc d`xp xzei daxc`e ,llk gxken epi` m"anxdl oi`y dpyi dhiyde zvaewn dhiya `"ahixd zhiyk yexita azky m"anxd okle ,zakrn zeevn zlaw eizty lc lr dlrd `le zakrn drcedd oi`y
jixv 'qezdly oia wlgl oial drcedd k"`yn dlawd m"anxdl

zeevnd zlaw oi`y eyexitk enzq ,zakrn dlawdy daeyza f"acxde ('k 'iq) oeyy `"xdnd y"nke zakrn c"a my eid `lykc ,m"anxd zrcae ,(e"t 'iq) c"g xgaend on devnl df lk zeevnd zvwn edericed `le z`f x`al aihide .`ed xenb xb carica la` ,'b ipta dlahykc ,(a - a"v 'iq) daeyza g"p`xdnd y"lc giked mye ,efn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` oiipr lkdc zeevnd zlawl zeevnd zrced oia wlgl azkc" `iad (g"qx 'iq) g"ad mb okle .a"yr ,cg` dzid `ly t"r` xykc (a"eqi`n f"id b"it) m"anxd 'ita ezrc efy azk `le ,"xwir lk zeevn zlaw myl azk okid zn`ae ,m"anxd azk `l` ,m"anxd ixac cg dlawde drceddc m"anxa oiany `l` ,ok m"anxd oi`y l"x ,zakrn drcedd oi`y m"anxd azkyke ,md zeklda my m"anxd y"n f"tle ,zakrn dlawd qpkidl iebd dvxiyk zexecl oke" (c"d b"it) a"eqi` ,"dxez ler lawie dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle zixal edericeiy opira dligzklc zeevn zlawl epiid ,y"r .w"ece `aekirl epi` la` ,lawie

ixwir `ed m"anxa xkfpd dxez ler zlawy mix`an yi zexbd akrn dfa oexqg wxe f"ra dxitke 'da dpen`d mdy zcd
,zakrn dpi` zeihxt zeevn zrcedc f"tl heyte ,'eke zrcede ,epzip mxh oda epizea` eaiigzp ji` zxg`c zlawe ,dligzkl oic wx `ed xba zexenge zelw zeevn .c"zkr ,zakrnd dxez ler meyn zcd ixwir
xe`a lr diyew jlnl xy`d

xy` iax oe`bdl jlnl xy` xtqa izi`x zrke m"anxd epax ixac x`al azky ,l"vf xbpehkiet :l"fe 'eke "dxez ler eilr lawie" (c"da) y"na cegi ody ,zcd ixwir zlaw epiid ,dxez ler zlawy lawl careyn `edy dxen dfay ,f"r xeqi`e z"iyd zakrn dpi` zeihxt zeevn zrcede ,jxazi ezexn z"iydc ,ziccdd zixad okez xicbn dt epaxe ,'eke zekfd z` ,ipiq xda epizea`l enk xbl wiprn ecivn ler zlaw dpyi l`xyi cvne ,eitpk zgz stezqdl zzixk o`k oi` d"`lae ,xenb oevxae oirceia dxez i"r zrvazn zixal dqpkdde ,xiibznd cvn zixa dlelk dxez ler zlaw .o`k mipnpd mixac dyely wxta onwl epax drawy zekix`a zcd ixwir zrceda zeihxt zeevn zrcedk `lc ,zakrn `ide 'a 'ld c"i i`c ,dlaw `ll drced oi`e ,f"i 'ld oiwxita oldlk z"iyd cegi od zcd ixwir .melk dlrt `l ikd e`l zllek gxkda zekix`de ,my c"i wxtak f"r xeqi`e 'de 'c 'ld '` wxt z"deqi 'lda raw epaxy dn mb
jlnl xy` xtqa zlawy x`an epiid dxez ler ixwir zlaw zcd

ewca `ly xba k"`c ,dyw ewelig xwir dxe`kle `l dnl ,xb iedc m"anxd wqty ,edericed `le eixg` zeihxtd zeevnd oia xnelk ,edericed `l dna wlig .xb iedc mzqe ,zcd ixwir ody zeevn x`yl

dlerd dpwqnd ef diyewn

'b ipta lahe lnykc ,m"anxd zpeekc d`xp la` 'iq) g"p`xdnd oeylk] efn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` did `l m` df lk dyer did `l ixdy ,[(a - a"v ericedl jixv dligzkl mpn`e ,zecdi myl oeekzn ,xb ied ,carica edericed `lyk la` ,lawiye lkd zecdi myl ,'b ipta lahe lny in ik migipn epgp` ik cgeina zlnqn zecdiy dnl ezpeek i`ceae ,dyer axd ixacn mpn` ,zecdid zlawe f"ra dxitk epiidc wiicl dvexy inl mb ik ,migiexn epgp` l"f l"pd


lk `l` ,xg` l`xyin xzei dax deg`e dad`a enr xfgy oebk ezryx dxxazpy s` ezwcv dxxazp `ly iede ,oiyecw oiprl dxnegl el oiyyeg ,f"r cearl m"anxd ixaca `icdl x`azpy enke ,xnen l`xyik .f"i dklda
epipnf ixb milawny dpen`d zeceqi ,zeevn zvwne mixenb mixb eed

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zlaw jixvy ,dxez ler eilr lawie y"nc m"anxdn dpeekd wx zeevnd lkl dpeekd oi` n"n ,zeevn opiadi i` 'it` ok m`e ,dpen`d ceqie f"rn dyixtl edf ,zakrn zeevn zlawc xaeqy inl ediilc lk edl oiprl k"` ,oekp eyexit m`e ,dpen`d iceqi oiprl `wec `lae zeheicd 'b i"r xiibzpy xba f"ida m"anxd y"n ,ezwcv xxazzy cr oigec oi`e oiaxwn oi` drced ,'da oin`ne f"rn ixnbl yxty epl xxaziy cr eyext zizin` zexb dzid `ly xxazd ixd ,f"r car m`e dfa ,drcedd lawe edericed m` edine ,iebk x`ype `iady dze`k f"r care exeql xfg elit`c `ed oicd xnen l`xyik epicc (f"n 'iq b"g) daeyza u"ayxd zexbd jildz lk my dide li`ed ,zexb drwt `le ,xb ied f` "dry itl xiibzpy" u"ayxd ixac zenzqk ,zeheicd 'b ipta xiibzpe melk edericed `l m` la` mi`iwa mpi`e zeheicd md ik edericed `ly daiqd efy bedpl yiy wcvd xbk epi` f` ,epick oiprd mirceie
wgecy inl mby yxtl jixv m"anxdly ,zeevn zlaw iceqi oiprl epiid dpen`d

zvwn miiwl mnvr lr milawny eppnf ixb ok m`e zrcedc oicd ixd f"tl ik ,mixenb mixb eed ,mixac epiid 'eke oikix`n oi`ye zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn xbdn miywan dligzklny xnelk ,dligzkl wx ok eazky iz`ad lirle ,zeevnd zvwn wx miiwiy lr `id dlawdy dnlydde i`nwn cg 'qezd `icdl ,dligzkl mixb lawl mileki hlgda ok m` ,zvwn yiy xwird md dpen`d ceqie f"rn dyixtd xy`k ibq zeaeyg zeevn dnke dnk ieeilae ,eilr cenrl ,zakrn zeevn zlawy xne`y in itl elit` dfe ,dfa .w"ece ,izazky dn lkl sqep sipq dfe

", .
(a sirq g"qx 'iq c"ei r"eye ,a"d a"eqi`n c"it m"anx)

, .
(`"d c"it d`ia ixeqi` zekld dpyn cibn)

, , , " " , .
(a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd lr jlnl xy` extqa xbpehkiet xy` 'x oe`bd)

, " .
('t 'iq r"d` wcv ipa` z"eya l"vf miealhiih dcedi l`izewi 'x xnh`qn x"enc`d)

" , " " ' " " " " ", " ", , , " , , , ", . " , : " " ". " , " , ; ' ": " ." " , " " , .
(mrevia jxce zexb zekld iying xry dcedi hay extqa i"`l iy`xd axd onxhpe` i"`xbd)

m"anxd zrcl zexbd xwir xb ied carica xac myl zexba okle ,dfd onfa dliahe dlin `id
'ld c"it) my m"anxa x`eank ,edericedy zexenge zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn eze` oiricene" :l"fe (d-a `l` eze` oidyn oi` laiw m`e ,'eke zexeng zeevn .zexbd akrn epi`e dligzkl df lky ,"cin eze` oiln
zexbd xwir `ed m"anxdl dliahe dlin oaxwe f"dfa ycwnd onfa

ewca `ly xb" :(l"pd f"i 'lda) m"anxd y"ne lahe lne ,oypere zevnd edericed `ly e` ,eixg` xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta devndy azk (c"id) lirly t"r` .'eke "xiibzn `ed eixg` oiwcea xiibzdl zxeibd e` xbd `aiyk dpekpd ,dligzkl `ed df ik ,y"r 'eke dy`a eipir ozp `ny zia z` swry dyrn dyryk e` ,ewca `lyk la` dxizie .xb ied dkldl ,'b ipta lahe lny i"r oicd zvwn edericed `ly elit` ik ,(my) m"anxd raw efn oicd dligzkly t"r` xb ied zexenge zelw zeevnd zelw zeevn zvwn zrced envr lr lawl irac `ed

t"r` oi` dligzkly liaya mixiibn carica ,xac xb ied

xwira xikfn ,elld zekldd lk jxe`l m"anxd ik mixac dylya" '` dklda oebk ,dliahde dlind z` ."oaxwe dliahe dlina ,zixal l`xyi eqpkp qpkdl m"ekrd dvxiyk zexecl oke" 'b dkldae ler eilr lawie dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle zixal yxity ine] oaxw z`vxde dliahe dlin jixv ,dxez `edy "dxez ler lawie" y"nc m"anxd zpeeka


sc) zenaia `zi`c dn lkc ,xeibd oipra mipey`x oiricene 'eke xiibzdl `ay xb opax epz (`"r f"n `ed ,zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn eze` f"acxd yxity enke ,xgaend on devnle dligzkl `le c"a [xeiba] my eid `lykc ,(e"t 'iq c"g) la` ,xgaend on devnl df lk zeevn zvwn mericed c"i wxta m"anxd azk oke ,`ed xenb xb carica od ,dti eizekld lk elri ,df oiazyke ,a"yr ,'eke .edericed `ly oipra ode ,dnly zeyp oipra

-
,lirlc` xyewn df ik ,dti wcwc `l ,zexbd i`pzn .['eke jixv f` lawle stezqdle qpkdl dvxiyk oi`y mipey`xd x`y zhiyk `id dfa m"anxd zhiye `ed zexbd xwiry ,zexbd z` zakrn zeevnd zrced xnelk ,dyly iptae zexb myl dliahde dlind dlind dyrna dyery dny eita xy`n `ed xy`k daxde ,zexbd `ed ,icedi zeidl ick `ed dliahd oke ,16 eizekld lka m"anxd ixaca eywzp mipexg` daxd zhiy ef ik ,eywzp mpga izrc zeiprle

eixg` ewca `ly xbae ,oeynye dnly zeyp zexb oiipra m"anxd zhiy xe`ia
dnly iniae ,exfg cgtd on `ny cec inia eidy dlecbde daehde zeklnd liaya `ny m"ekrd on xfegd lky ,exfg l`xyi da ,wcvd ixibn epi` mlerd iladn xac liaya cec inia mixiibzn daxd mixb eid k"tr`e oiyyeg lecbd c"a eide ,zeheicd ipta dnlye ,mewn lkn elahy xg` oze` oigec `l mdl itle .mzixg` d`xzy cr oze` oiaxwn `le xiib oeyny oke ,o`ype miyp dnly xiiby liaya `l` el` exfg `ly reci xacde ,`ype aezkd oayg ,mexiib c"a it lr `le ,xac cere ,oicner oxeqi`ae m"ekr od eli`k m"ek zecaer ody ozlgz lr oteq gikedy aezkd eilr dlrde zena odl epae odly dnly dpai f`" xn`py o`pa `ed eli`k edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb ."dna ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne oypere zevnd ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df oiyyege m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed care xfg elit`e ,ezewcv x`aziy cr el xcq lr m"anxd zhiy z` x`al xearp zrk xbae ,oeynye dnly zeyp zexb oipra eizekld a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd l"fe ,eixg` ewca `ly :g"i-c"i 'ld z` riyend oeynyy jzrc lr dlri l` 'd cici `xwpy l`xyi jln dnly e` l`xyi jk xacd ceq `l` ,ozeiba zeixkp miyp e`yp zxeibd e` xbd `aiyk dpekpd devndy ,`ed oenn llba `ny eixg` oiwcea xiibzdl iptn e` dl dkfiy dxxy liaya e` lehiy oiwcea ,`ed yi` m`e ,zcl qpkdl `a cgtd m`e ,zicedi dy`a ozp eipir `ny eixg` xegaa dpzp dipir `ny oiwcea ,`id dy` dlir mdl `vnp `l m` ,l`xyi ixegan yiy gxehe dxezd ler caek oze` oiricen m` ,eyextiy ick zevx`d inr lr dziiyra ,dad`n exfgy oze` e`xe eyxit `le elaw zvn`zn ik `xze" xn`py ,oze` milawn jkitl ."dil` xacl lcgze dz` zkll `id ,dnlye cec ini lk mixb oic zia elaw `l
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita gi-ci 'ld zhiy xe`a xcq lr m"anxd oipra eizekld xbae dnly zeyp eixg` ewca `ly

,61. )( ) " "( , . , , ., " , " ", , " " , , " " . !?,


eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd ,m"ek lahy xg`n ezcia` xifgdl devne ,oiyeciw dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle ,l`xyik dyrp exn` df iptne .oceq dlbpy t"r`e odizeyp ,zrxv rbpk l`xyil mixb mdl miyw ,minkg ,l`xyi z` oirhne ,xac liaya oixfeg oaexy `v ,exiibzpy xg` mdn yextl xacd dywe zexawae lbrd dyrna xacna rxi` dn cnle oda eid seqtq`d zepeiqpd aex oke de`zd .dlgz

,xac liaya wx xiibzdl exfg `ly .` ,zezerix dnke ozligz lr oteq gikedy .b ,c"a t"r did `ly .a "xac liaya" z`f eyry t"r`e ,n"ek zecaer ody enk ,zexbl zeaygp eid n"n ,c"a t"r `ly mbe od eli`k aezkd oayg" :azke epeyla m"anxd wcwcy dnn oaen oke ,17 m"ekr eid `l zn`ac rnyn ,"m"ekr e` ,eixg` ewca `ly xb" :f"i dklda k"g` azky 'b ipta lahe lne ,oypere zeevnd edriced `ly ,xiibzn xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd zeheicd .k"r ,"xnen l`xyik `ed ixd ,f"r care xfg elit`e oeyny eniiw jkitle" ef dkld m"anxd miiqy edfe .wece ,"oceq dlbpy t"r`e odizeyp dnlye miyp dnly xiiby" azky m"anxd oeyl zhdixe ,oz`yl zpn lr miyp xiiby ezpeeky d`xn ,"o`ype ,mnr ozgzdl zpn lr wx dzid df mxeiba ezpeek lky azky enke ax meqxta `l` drpva did `l xacde

miyp dnly xiiby itle" :m"anxd azky dnn exfg `ly reci xacde ,`ype xiib oeyny oke ,o`ype `oayg ,mexiib c"a t"r `le ,xac liaya `l` el gikedy cere ,oicner oxeqi`ae m"ekr od eli`k aezkd odl epae odly n"ek zecaer ody ozligz lr oteq dnk mda did oxeibe dnly zeypy mi`ex ,k"r "zena

dnly zeyp t"r` oeynye zezerx eidy ozexba zelecb dqtz ozexb

71. " ' " ' " ' " , ", " " " " " ", , , " ", , " ", ' , , - ", " ", " " ", " " " , , ". " ' )" "( " ", , " " ) " "( " " , " )' " "(. )( , " " ' , " , , , " ) "( ", " " )( " " , " , ", " " )( , " ) '(. " ' )" "( , " " " " " , " , " " " ", , " , , ". " " . " ) "( ) '( " " , )' " "(, , ", , , ' " ", , " , " " . , " ' , " , ' , " ' ", " , ". " ' , , , " . , , " " , ", " ' , , " " ", " ", " " , ". , " )" " "( " , " ) ' "( ' , , , ", ' , )"( , , " , " ' . .


ze`gqep iiepya) .oceq dlbpy t"r`e ,odizeyp owize icxtq i"zkay `iad lwpxt m"anx seqay c"ly `ivpe qetcae ,oxeql exfgy owez 123 (oxeq dlbpy `qxibd daiqd ewca `l l"x "eixg` ewca `ly xb" daiq meyl xiibzdl `a m` ixdy ,xiibzdl ez`iady `ly e`" ,ewca `ly '` mbt epl ixd ,eze` oigec xiibzdl `ay xb lky l"x "oypere zeevnd edericed zvwne zay oebk zexeng zeevn zvwn ericedl epilr o`ke ,eze` oixiibn envr lr lawiyke ,zelw zeevn zexb myl lahe lne" ,xac edericed `ly 'a mbt ltp 'b i"r xiieb `ly iyily mbt dfy "zeheicd 'b ipta zepenn ipicn zcnlp zexb ixdy ,oicke ie`xk c"a lahe lny oeeik z`f lkae ,"da aizk htyn" ixdy elit`e ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd el` eid elit`e 'b ipta dzidy zexbd xg` rcep ,ewca `ly df mbtn uegy epic ,f"r care xfg elit`e ,xiibzd dllbae daiq el ,m"anxd miiqne .oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed dlbpy t"r`e odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle" rawy dkldl m`zday m"anxd epl xiaqn o`k ,"oceq miypd oze` z` eniiw oeynye dnlyy dn oaen ,lirl ,miypd oze`a eid minbtd lky elit` ,e`ype exiiby xeibd ixg`e ,daiql wx eid mdly oi`eypd lk ixdy oda exfg `ly "oceq dlbp" edfe ,f"r cearl exfg ,zexb myl elahy xg`n z`f lka ,ecary f"rn zn`a dnlyl xzen did okle ,ixnbl zexb mdy oicd ixd odilr zexeq` eid `le miypd mze` z` miiwl oeynye .xb `ed ixd exeql xfgy elit` xb ik ,zeieb meyn

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m`y xyt`y ,xac liaya `l` exfg `ly reci xacde ef daiqly zelzl mewn did ,`rpiva xacd did sqepe ,reci xacd did `l` ,`id `l la` ,oir enilrd eid m`y ,oic zia it lr `ly df xeib didy ,df lkl ixdy ,miyp mze` oigec eid i`ceea ,oic zial oil`ey ,f"rn yextl oiipr mdl oi`y dlbn dzid dlw dwica eid eil` mielpde envr `ed xnelk ,dnly xiib okle ,zeiebk aezkd oayge ,el` miyp ly xeibd cnrna oeyln wiiecnke zecinza f"r cearl ekiynd ixdy azk `le ,deed oeyla "f"r zecaer od"y m"anxd ,ewiqtde ecary xnel ile` mewn did f`y ,f"r ecary .wqtd ila f"r ecary gken ,deeda zecaer oeyl la` l"x ,"mexiib c"a t"r `le" ,m"anxd jiynne oaiygn did `l ,dyely ly c"a t"r oxiibn did m`y y"nke ,dlir meyl exiibzpy t"r` zeiebk aezkd ly oeyl epeyla m"anxd wiic mda mbe .f"ida k"g` la` l"xc ,"m"ekr od eli`k aezkd oayg" ,zixedf eed ,zecdi myl elahc oeikc ,zeieb md oi` zn`d itl .carica zexb
:f"i 'lda azky dna x`ean dfe edericed `ly e` ,eixg` ewca `ly xb ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne ,oypere zevnd `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd ,m"ekrd llkn `vi ,lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn xfg elit`e ,ezewcv x`aziy cr el oiyyege eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd ,m"ek care lahy xg`n ,ezcia` xifgdl devne ,oiyeciw dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle ,l`xyik dyrp

mipecv jln lraz` za lafi` ly dpan zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y m"anxd zhiyl di`x
aizkck did lafi` ly dpae "ezia lr drxd `ia` epa xn`ie ,`edi z` mxedi ze`xk idie" (ak,h a-mikln) jn` lafi` ipepf cr ,mely dn xn`ie ,`edi melyd dxiibzdy `hiyt ,a`g`l eqgincne ,"miaxd dityke t"r`e ,cala dpa `l` epa ied `l k"l`c ,en` ,lrad ly f"rn dyxt `l dzexb onfay xazqny z` cearl a`g` jld a`g` d`ypy xg` cin ixdy ly dzrtyda did dfe ,(`l,fh `-mikln oiir) lrad a`g`k did `l wx" (dk,`k `-mikln) aizkck lafi` m` elit`c ,m"anxd oeyln wiicl yi dfn xzeie lahe lny lk ,f"rn yextl oiekzp `l zexbd zrya x`ean dfe .zxeib `ied ,dlah m` dy`a e` ,yi`a ,oeynye dnly zeyp lv` azky "oceq dlbp" oeyln ,f"rn yextl epeekzp `l ozexb zrya dligzny epiid za lafi` oa a`g` oa mxein di`x dfl `iadl yie eia` my lr eqgin aezkdy ,mipecv jln lraz` a`g` rpkp ik zi`xd" (hk,`k `-mikln) aizkck inia ,einia drxd `ia` `l ,iptn rpkp ik ori ,iptln
oa mxein di`x lafi` oa a`g` `ly t"r`y lafi` dyxt dayg f"rn zxeibl aezkd eqgin jkitle xg` aezkd a`g`


m"anxd oeyln a"eqi`n b"ita oi`y gken f"id zlawe zrced zakrn zeevnd zexbd

eze` dzqd xy` 'd ipira rxd zeyrl xknzd xy` dklda m"anxd ixacl sqep xewn dfe ,"ezy` laf` epax mipey`xd on cg` ziiyew dfa zayiizne ,ef jxr ,mi`xen`e mi`pz ikxr xtqa qenipelw xa dcedi itlc ,dywdy ,f"nwz 'nr `ixeap xtk yi` awri oiyeciw) epa `le dpa iexw zixkpe dgty clec dkldd a`g`l mxedi z` aezkd qgin k"` cvik ,(a"r gq ,dxiibzp m` s`c ,dxiibzpy xnel dil `gip `le ,eia` itlc .y"r ,zxeib `ied `l f"r cearl dkiyndy oeik cearl dkiyndy s`c ,mix`ean mixacd l"pd m"anxd `ied ,oeynye dnly zeypke ,dpnn dyxt `le f"r
zayiizn f"tr epax ziiyew x"a dcedi qenipelw

.zexb myl leahl aeyg dyrn dzyry oeik zxeib edericed `l m`y m"anxd wqty dn jkitl zenzq ,xb df ixde akrn epi` oypere zeevnd ,zexbd akrl zeevnd zlawa oiipr oi` ik ezpeek mb ok m` ,xb `ed drced mey `la mb ixdy ,drced oi` m`y ,xb `ed xwire llk dlaw `ll oiipr epl oi` ,law m`y dpine ,oipn dlaw xbc m"anxd wqt ixdy ,dlawd ixg` ezebdpzdl e"we y"ke ,f"r car 'it`e xb ied exeql xfgy iedc ,exeql xfg aeye onfd zvwn zeevnd miiw m` .xenb l`xyi

onf dxenb zeevn zlaw dzidy m"anxd zrca mix`an yi m"anxd zrca oekpd xe`ade df xe`a ziigce ,mda exfg k"g`e miieqn
,l`eny ax xne dcedi ax xn `hib dikxv`e yciwy mixenb m"ekrk zeidl mdilr exfby reci xacde .l"kr ,"oilegc w"ta `zi`ck
u"ayxd zhiyn okzi `ly d`xp ok x`al

law t"kry m"anxd ixac yxtl dvexy in yie miieqn onf zeevnd miiwe dxenb dlaw zeevnd dyn 'x oe`bdl oiir) ,ea xfg k"g` wxe ,zenlya (g"w 'iq b"g) c"ei dyn zexb` extqa l"vf oiihypiit yxid iav 'x oe`bd cciv oke ,ok xnel ccivy 'a jxk f"h dpy) sq`nd oegxia dwixn`n iwqpi'fc`xb dcedi l`izewi 'x xnh`qn oe`bde ,(a"k 'nr 'a zxaeg ,('t 'iqe f"k 'iq) wcv ipa` z"eya l"vf miealhiih df xaqd dgc ciiny `l` ,onwl `aeiy iwqaekic axde wcwcnl gkenck mixacd ihyt el` oi`e ,(onwl oiir 'x mqxetnd oe`bd df yext dgc oke ,epeyla ahid sq`nd oegxia dqtcpy ezaeyza l"vf hpa l`wfgi zerh yxyl icke ,(f"p 'iq 'd zxaeg 'a jxk f"h dpy) ,(f"n 'iq) b"g u"ayxd z"eya y"n wizr` ,ixnbl ef yiy hxtae ,df yext cbpk zgvip daeyz c"rl `edy ewigxdy el` cbpk zwtqn daeyz u"ayxd ixaca zeevnd zlaw i`pz llba ,rxtnl zexb lhal zkl :u"ayxd oeyl dfe ,mzrcl zexbd seba xqgd xiibzp `ly in i`cec ,onvrn od oirxken mixacde" llge ,f"r care xzl`l exeql xfge ,zg` dry `l` one ,`ed oine ,xiibzpy mcew ebdpnk `iqdxta zezay ,dlrnl y"nk "jig`" dia opixw `lc ,`ed micixend oiyeciw eiyeciwe ,cneyn l`xyi dil opiayg d"t`e oi`] dpei epax axd ing ixenl daeyza izi`x oke ,'eke aezk oke ,ok azky [.h"q o"n`p !daeyz ixry lra df izeka did dyrny ,xfrd oa` xtqae ,xehird xtqa

hrnk wxq xeiba xaecn ik ,cer gken epeylne zg` dry xiibzpy" u"ayxd z`f xicbd ixdy ,ixnbl ,ebdpnk zay llige f"r car ,"xzl`l exeql xfge axd wqet z`f lkae ,xiibzpy dn gken dna k"`e itk mipey`xd ilecbn miiewn df wqte ,xb `edy o"a`xd ,xehird ,dpei epiax ,md `ld ,my azky zexb yid l`ey ip` ,cneyn l`xyik epice .mipe`bde .xb ied k"tr`e ,efn drexb

yxtl mivexy yi m"anxd ixac lawy ixiinc mniiwe zeevnd xg`l dn onf k"g`e zexbd ea xfg

df xe`a ziigc

u"ayxd zxaq ixace m"anxdk mixfer u"ayxd z` oiadl epl m"anxd ixac

,u"ayxd ly cgein yecig o`k oi` izrc zeiprl u"ayxd ixacy wx ,m"anxd zxaq `id zn`a jk ik `le ,dfa m"anxd zhiy z` xzei oiadl epl mixfer m"anxd ly mxewne .zerhl mewn eixaca mixi`yn lahe lny lkc a"r f"n zenai 'nba `ed u"ayxde oecp cin exeql xfg m` s`e ,xzl`l xb `ed ixd .oiyecw eiyecwy cneyn l`xyik

zaeyz oeyl u"ayxd

d"`ixbd mb azk bevxd yextk dligzn oiihypit n"xbd e`gce

exkfl uaewa l"vf bevxd d"`ixbdl iz`vn aeye c"ei miazke miwqtae ,(58 'nr) zxkfn mya `xwpd ok yxtl dligzn dqipy (b"i ze` h"k 'iq 'c jxk) ,dinirce oiihypiit n"xbd yexitk m"anxd zrca m"anxd zrca ok yxtl okzi `ly yibxd aeye :epil` rbepd epeyln wizr`e


mikixv k"`e ,mzligz lr oteq giked f"r ecar zexbl la` .x`azp `l dfe dwqtdd ly xeriyd reawl ep` elit`e xne` `edy ,dyw l"f epiax ly epeyl znizqn care xfg elit`e ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep yxtzn dfd oeylde ,xnen l`xyik `ed ixd 'eke m"ekr efi` car `l ike cere ,zexibl skiz elit` dxe`kl m"ekr ly ekxc melke ,wqtd `xwp dfld f"r zery m"ekr ly mkxcy xnel wgece ,rbx lka f"r cearl meil mipy g"q `nei oiire ,ynyd z`va f"r cearl oiire ,dngl micaery m"ekrl cebipa epiid ,meid cbpk oi`e ,wqtd df ixd car `l f` m`e `"r 'f sc zekxa epiid ,exfg oeyla fnxp df ile`e .oekp qeqia mey dfl xn`p m` elit` ok` ,exfgy `l` ekiynd `ly z` ayip f"itre ,wqtd did dnlye oeynyc dyrnay llk ewiqtd `l mdy md zeix` ixb mizekn `iyewd giken df oi` oiicr ,mzexb ixg` skiz cearl exfge `ly mixac epl reciy i"tr` ,ocic oecpl hlgda epxn`y enke ip`y f"ry l"iy ,xenyl llk dligzd .lirl
d"`ixbd zpwqn bevxd

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oicd itl m` ixdy ,l"f m"anxd ixacl ip` xfege ,zeixkpl aezkd oayg ji` ,zexeib dnly iyp eid dzid drxt zay myn rnyny ,`"r e"r zenai oiire l"f m"anxdny oiirl yi my mbe) oicd i"tr zxeib xen`d itle ,zexbl zipevig daiq dzid xakny rnyn ogley meyn m` exn`y ,jk rnyn `l e"r zenaia ,my 'qezae c"k zenaia oiire ,jixhvi` `l `d mikln `l dze` elaiwy dlawd mvry rnyn m"anxdne zeyi` myl zxiibzny cyg didy dkldk dzid myl zxiibzny dxn` `idy i"tr` ,dnlyl `ypidl .dzligz lr dteq gikede dceq dlbzp k"g`e ,miny ogley ly yyg did d`xpk oeyny zy` ly zexbae zpigaa did oeynye jln za dzid `l `idy mikln `l df mle`e .(r"ve ,dad`d oiprl uegn dfe ,jln ,f"ra ekiyndy oeikny ,lirl epxn`y itke k"k dyw el` mler ilecbl `hgl ayge ,m"ekrl aezkd oayg lr aezkd xn`y myke ,miypl mze` eniiwy lr dlzy `l` dpa `l `edy i"tr` 'eke dpai f` dnly l"f epiax zrcly xexa ixd df la` ,eiyp ly f"rd ea zpeeka l"f n"nd oiad oke ,oicd i"tr zexeib eid mlek caricac dhnl epiax ok x`ia xake xn`y ,epiax meyn xiibzpy xba xacn epiax ixd dhnle ,md mixb l`xyik `ed ixd m"ekr care xfg elit`e xac ezpeeky z"`e ,ezcia` mixifgne oiyeciw eiyeciwy `ly df la` ,cearl xfg k"g`e m"ekr cearln wqty ixd ,llk xb epi`e ezligz lr eteq giked llk wqt dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle xne` `ed f"g` skiz gikedy xne` `ed lirle ,oceq dlbpy i"tr` mdizeyp ,zena odl epae od m"ekr zecaery ozligz lr oteq lre ,f"rn dyixta llk ewfged `ly dxe`kl rnyne dfi`l eyxity epiax ixaca o`k dpeek qipkdl jixv ok devne m"anxd y"n lr xne` n"nd dpde .r"ve ,onf n"kd dnze ,oea`izl xnen 'idiy `ede ,ezcia` xifgdl xn`p `l dfy yxtne .oea`izl jiiy `l f"ray l"f m"anxdy dna la` ,ez` wcvdy xexae ,f"r caer lr rnyn ,'eke oeyny eniiw jkitle seqa xne` l"f `l m` elit`e f"r cearl exfg m` elit`y dxe`kl xeqi` o`k oi`e ,mixnen mil`xyik md n"kn llk ewqt l"pk xnel jixv ok lr ,oicd i"tr mixb mdy oezig onf dfi`l ewqt dnly ly miype oeyny zy` mby skizy lk la` ,aey eligzd k"g`e f"r cearln

d"`ixbd oeyl l"vf bevxd

exn`y l"f miwqetd oeyl znizqn xac seq eazk `le xnen l`xyik `ed ixd exeql xfg elit`e oi`y exikfd `l mbe ,zeevnd lr dxiny onf ly davw oeiky rnyn ,xac myl xiibzpy xba bdep df c"kr ,carica md mixb ,zexbd ipic itk exiibzpy .l"vf d"`ixbd ixry extqa wl`ee l`ixfr 'x oe`bdl iz`vn oke

wcv ipa`d ixac zrc xe`aa m"anxd

ixac zegcl jix`dy ,('b ze` f"kw 'iq) g"g xdh mle` ,eixac el`e ,l"pd xe`ak x`iay wcv ipa`d m"anxd ixac x`al azk (f"k 'iq) wcv ipa` xtqa oiipra (a"r 'b) oilega 'qezd t"r ,a"eqi`n b"ita o"anxae ,(a"r g"l) w"aae ,zeix` ixb mizek inc mdixacn x`eanc ,(a"r d"r) oiyecw `"ahixae m` `wec epiid ,`ed xb miny myl `ly xiibzpy m` la` ,l`xyi zca wifgn `rpva mby eprci ,xiibzpy s` ,l`xyie dyn zca bdpzn epi` `rpva yyg yi ,zeyi` myl xiibzpyk ok lre ,`ed iebk xexia jixv okl ,dxezd lr xaer `rpva `ny xb zeidl wfged f` wx ik ,zeevnd lk miiwny xfg k"g`y epi`x m` ,xbl wfgedy b"dkae ,wcv wfged `l m` la` ,xnen l`xyik ied ,exeql m`c ,ieb e` xb aiyg i` cner `ed wtqa ,mlern

dne ,llk `ed xb e`l ,dxezd lr xaer `rpva exeql xfgyk 'eke dlre lah a"r f"n sca opixn`c zngn `ly rcepyk `ziixaa `icda ixiin mzd ,'ek eze` oilawn dligzkl okle xiibzn `ed xac .wcv ipa`d ixac k"r ,`ziixac `yixa opixn`ck `dc ,xdh ixry xagnd oe`bd df lr azke `ly rcepyk ixiinc xnel xyt` ,ef `ziixa gpiz y"n mr dyri dn la` ,xiibzn `ed xac zngn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` :f"ida my m"anxd `ed ixd ,m"ek care xfg elit`e ,'eke xiibzn ipa`" xagnd ixac itle .k"r ,'eke xnen l`xyik xnen l`xyik didi dnl dyw i`cea ,l"pd "wcv ?rxtnl ezexb rwtz `l dnle ,m"ek caer `ed `lde dfa ezxaq lky d`xp ,dfa wiicp ck zn`a la` ezexb zra dligzn erci m`c ,dnila lr dielz dfi` zlrez iptn `l` miny myl `ly xiibzpy 'nbke zexbd eilr lge ,eze` exiib n"ne ,xac k"g` mi`ex ep`y dn epriyei dn ,a"r c"k zenaic ok bdep `edy xyt` ,`rpva l`xyik bdep `edy ok wifgn `edy meyn `le dcneln miyp` zevnk lr eteq giked dfa xn`py z"`e ,epevxe ezrca ziy`x ,miny myl xiibzp dligzn mby ezligz dfi` liaya xiibzpy reci did `ldy ok xnel dyw lr eteq giked opixn` `le ,y"yl `l zlrez dligzn m` `le wtq did dligzn m` wx ezligz myl `ly xiibzny i`ce did `kd `lde ,i`ce did 'nbd t"r megp oefgd azk xak `ld zipye .miny wx x`yp ezligz lr eteq giked meyny oilegc epi`x m` elit` k"` ,`xnegl opilf`e i`ce `le wtq f"ir didiy xyt` ji` n"n ,l`xyik k"g` bdepy dn df ici lr xxazp `l seq seq ,xenb l`xyik jixve .xiibzpyk dligzn ze`cea ezrca didy m"anxd on rnyn `l dfe .mlerl xb wtq x`yiy 'eke mdl oiyyeg lecbd c"ad eide e"h dklda 'ky xxazp m`y rnyn dfny ,k"r ,mzixg` d`xzy cr ,wcv xbl aygp `ed ixd ,l`xyik bdep `edy k"g` m"anxd lr la` ,wcv xbl aygi dnl l"pd itle xiibzp m` elit`y xaeq m"anxdy l"iy ,n"wl i`e ,ze`cea zexbd eilr dlg n"n ,xac dfi` myl wcv ipa` xagnd lr la` ,y"nke rwtzy xyt` lr wx zexbd eilr dlg `l dligzny xaeqy l"pd
exe`a ziigc r"xbd icia extqa wl`ee xdh ixry

i`cea ,rxtnl k"g` rwtzy xn` `ede ,wtqd jxc .l"pdk dyw
zgpnd ixac ipa`dk wgvi l"pd wcv

zgpn xtqa inp wqt l"pd wcv ipa`d ixacke w"qa la` ,eixacn minrhn dyre (a"kw 'iq) wgvi envra wcv ipa` zeaeyza izi`x mpn` :'k `"k 'ky dna ,dfl dxizq zvw d`xpc ('t 'iq my) dxiibzp xakc oeikc ,yi`d xzid oiprl rbepa s` l`xyi zca dbdpzd `ly mixne`y s` ,mipy dnk `dc ,`id zxeib zwfga ikd elit` ,mixeqi` dcare mle` ,y"r dxf dcear dcary epi`x `l n"n s` n"n ,f"r dcar `lc dfa dnc ,r"v zn`a ,zexb ied `l ,cg` wecwcn ueg dxiibzp m` zeevn ler dilr dlaw `ly i`cea opirci b"dkae ,c"a ipta dxiibzpc oeik xn`py `l m` ,zn`a ala dlawe dyrn zrya ahid ewcwc `nzqn eixac m` r"v la` ,dlwlwzp k"g` wxe ,mly ,l"kr ,mincewd zeaeyza y"n mr mini`zn .wgvi zgpnd

ixryd ziigc ixacl xdh wgvi zgpnd

ipa`d y"nl llk cxi `ly d`xp c"prtle ,dywd dnc ,melk dpi` eilr eziiyewe ,l"pd wcv zexb ied `l cg` wecwcn ueg dxiibzp m` s` n"n la` ,zexbd zlaw zligza wx `ed f"k `lde ,'eke lkl dligzn zexbd dlaw xaky ixiin wcv ipa`d opicyg ep`e ,y"yl `ly dzidy `l` ,dlek dxezd dlha `l ,cala cygd iptn n"n la` ,'eke dze` mixb mleky r"eye m"anxae 'nba opiwqtcke ,zexbd dlhay opixn` ,"riwtn" k"g` yi m`y `l` ,md dfae ,riwtn dfa didiy jixv la` ,rxtnl zexbd lr dxary cal df liayay l"pd xagnd ycig `l cal df liaya l`xyi zck dbdp `le mixeqi` ,riwtnl aygp `l cegl dfy ,zexbd drwtp n"ne ynn miebk mibdep l`xyin daxd x"deray m` wxe ,mixenb mil`xyik mipicd lkl miaygp zexbd lr riwtnl df aygpy l"i f` ,f"r dcar eilr dlgy t"r` df xb mb okle ,rxtnl elit` n"n ,dxenb zexb dzid ixdy l`xyi zyecw elit` `ly onf lk la` ,zexbd dlha ynn f"r car m` oeik dfly d`xpe ,zexbd drwtp `l ,ynn f"r car `l wgvi zgpn xagnde ,l"pd 't 'iqa wcv ipa`d ipa`d ixac ayiil mikixv daxc`e .ezpeek lr cnr inp `id ezpeek ,l"pd (f"k 'iqa) y"n mby wcv


iwqaekic y"xbd g"adn riizqn m"anxa exe`al

-
`le ,zexbd drwtp f`y ,ynn f"r cary epi`x m` cal df ici lry ,dxez xeqi` dfi` lr xary wx xaeq ,m"ek car m` la` ,zexbd drwtp `ly i`cea enk `lc `ed df mby `l` ,rxtnl zexbd drwtpy t"r`y yxetn 'ky ,f"i dklda l"pd m"anxd 'ky xnen l`xyik `edy opixn` n"n ,m"ek cary f"rc i"yx lr wlegy i`ceae ,oiyeciw eiyecwe ,`idy dpeek efi`a xiibzp j` m`y xaeq ok`e ,l"pd l`xyik mlerl aygp n"n ,`edy c"a dfi`ae m` elit` epnn zeil`xyid rwtzy `"`e ,`xnegl lr `ltle ,m"anxd zhiy `id ef ,ynn f"r caer `ly weqtl efirdy ,eixg` mielpde wcv ipa`d .xdh ixryd c"kr ,m"anxd ixack iwqaekic dnly 'x mqxetnd oe`bd azk oke ozpy d`vxda milyexia lecbd c"a xag `"hily ,(h"qyzd zpy) oinegza dqtcpe t"rayezl qpka a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd oeyl z` `iady xg`y :azk ,l"pd exeql xfgy xbe dnly zeyp oipra exiibzd oeynye dnly zeyp ,epipir cbpl deyp odl did ,zeheicd ly c"a ,jnqen `l c"a ipta ecar od ,mrd bidpnle jlnl `ypdl xexa ripn lr oteq giked" m"anxd ixacle ,xeib xg` f"r `pcne` o`k yiy xexa ,"oceq dlbp" oke ,"ozligz z` .zeevn xenyl dligzkln epeekzd `ly dlecb oteq giked" :milina m"anxd raew efd `pcne`d oze` eniiw k"tr`e ,"oceq dlbp"e "ozligz lr lr dlri l`" :yibcn m"anxde ,dnlye oeyny zrcd lr zelrdl elit` xeq` ,xnelk ,"jzrc ipta opiipr `a did m`y ipgeha ,zeicedi opi`y milqet epiid ,ipta mb ile`e ,epinia ipax c"a .mixenb miieb odicli z` miyere rxtnl xeibd z` f"r ecar :xzeia xengd xacd z` eyr ixd od aiigk dnly z` d`x aezkdy cr zena dl epae oxeiba rebtl did ozip `l k"tr`e ,dnad ziipaa lr zelrdl elit` xeq`e ,l`xyi llkn o`ivedle .l`xyi mrn wlgk zeaygp opi`y zrcd dpi` zeevnd zlawy m"anxd on dler dxe`kl wwcfdl `ly c"al i`pz `l` ,xeibd dyrnn wlg ly oic iza ,zeevn meiwa utg epi`y xiibznl z`f lkae ,zeevnd zlaw lr ecitwd `l zeheicd .qtz mxeib
iwqaekic y"xbd oeyln wiqn oi`y m"anxd zeevn zlaw dyrnn wlg zexbd y"xbd mb x`an iwqaekic zrca epxack m"anxd

m"anxd ixaca yxit (g"qx 'iq c"ei) g"ad ok`e miwleg ,df itle .zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawy .jka r"eyde m"anxd (h"k 'iq c"ei) "dnly zcng" z"eya mpn` zlaw oial zeevnd zrced oia m"anxd zrca licad dzedn lk ik ,zakrn dpi` zeevnd zrced ,zeevnd eli`e ,oypere zeevnd lr xiibznl rcin zxiqn `id zhiy z` mixiaqn mpi` eixac ,zakrn zeevn zlaw did `l o`hg ,dnlye oeyny zeyp oipra m"anxd dxf dceara `l` dxf dcear xeqi` ly drici i`a .zeevn zlaw i`ae ynn lr dlri l`"a eixac z` qipkdl un`zp m` oeyny zeypy xnel jxhvp ,m"anxay "jzrc ipta did oxeiby zexnl ,ie`xk zeevn elaw dnlye dwifgd `l zeevnd zlawy `l` ,zeheicd ly c"a y"ne .xeqi`d zexnl f"r ecar seqale ,cnrn lr xaecn oi` "ozligz lr oteq giked" :m"anxd lr `l` ,eziy`xn xeibd lr epiidc ,ynn ozligz ixaca wegcl jixv z`f lk .xeibd xg`l dn ztewz .m"anxd

y"cngd xe`a m"anxd zrca exe`a ziigce y"xbd icia iwqaekic

y"xbd oeiqp x`al iwqaekic mipexg`d yextk zrca l"pd ixiinc m"anxd ewifgdy xg` zeevna k"g`e zexbd mxeql exfg

iwqaekic y"xbd x`ia oky `ian dyn zexb`d

(g"w 'iq b"g c"ei) "dyn zexb`"a

ok`e

,dnlye oeyny zeyp iabl m"anxd ixaca dywzd eligzdy cr lecb onf xarc xnel jixve" :azke ,ozexb lhal ynn dgked df oi` okle ,f"r cearl eid `ly odilra oevx liaya exiibzpy mzd ixdc onf ixd ,dxez zexney eid `l m` oze` mi`yep miypl oze` ewifgi `ly orceia dxezd exny lecb xvi dtwz lecb onf xg` wxe ,dxezd exnyi `lyk .meyxbi m` odl ztki` did `ly cr ediilr f"r itly s` alay mixac cvn ozexb lhap `l okle ozligz lr lecb onf xary s` dgked `ed `pcne`d zenxl odita exn` `l` ediilr zeevnd elaw `ly `pcne` opira zexbd lhalc ,c"ad z`e odilra z` `l` lecb onf xara `kil dfy ,icdq op`k dxexa lhap `l `dc mdizeyp eniiw okl .zexryd oipr c"kr ."zexnen eyrpy s`e exq`p `le ozexb .dyn zexb`d dler dpi` m"anxd ixac zpada ef jxc xen`k dlbp"e "ozligz lr oteq giked" :xexad epeyl mr .iwqaekic y"xbd c"kr ."oceq

df xe`a ziigc m"anxd oeyln y"xbd icia iwqaekic


zlaw oi`y meyn mixb eedc m"anxa izin`d xe`ad

xnen icedik mixeqi` lr zepn`p oiprl mdl miyyegy `l` zakrn zeevn
:l"fe ,l"pd m"anxd zrca (f"p 'iq 'd zxaeg 'a jxk f"h
m"anxd ixac a"eqi`n b"ita f"id

'x oe`bd m"anxd zrca iwqaekic y"xbdl encwe dpy) sq`nd oegxia lilbde ahew w"wca` xey awri :l"fe azky ('a ze` a"r 'iq 'e zxaeg 'a jxk f"h d`ia ixeqi` zeklda m"anxd ixacn epcnle lke ,od mixb mlek ,zexb htyn oiiprl zn`ac ,b"it `le ,mxiibl f` mb oze` lawn did dyely ly c"a oeyny egwly miypd od el`e ,minkg mcia egin `ly ,wcv ixb el` oi`y s` ,exiibzpy xg` dnlye eniiwi `ly yyg mda dide ,oi`eyp zngn wx exiibzp zxeib n"n ,giked oteqy enk zexbd xg` dxezd zc dzr zxiibzn `id t"krc oeik ,mda yi oigewile od eid dnly inia lecbd c"a la` ,zexb oick dpevxn oixiibznd maexy e`xy itl ,mxiibln oze` oigec zc iweg lkk bdpzdl k"g` mixidf oi` ,xac liaya oirhn el` mixb ik ,l`xyil wfid dfa didie ,zicedi xg` mdn yextl dywy ,mdipia eaxrzp xy` l`xyi mdy lecbd c"a oi`y rcep xy`k dfle ,exiibzpy aey eid ,mxiibl mivtg myd i`xie minkgd ilecb c"a i"r exiibzp `ly el` mixba l`xyi ipa oixdfp s`) mdnr ozgzdlne ax zaxw mdnr axwzdln lecbd mpicy ,zcd lr xearl exfgi `nyc ,(ixy `picnc meze ezwcv k"g` xxazpy in mr zlef ,xnen l`xyik .eixaca y"r ekxc jxhvp `l ornl ,ok xytl ,df m"anxd ycige inia mixb elaw `lc ef `ziixa lr wleg axc xnel epiid ,lecbd c"ad zexidfl mb mpn`e .dnlye cec xg`y yegl yi zrcd ocne` itly `kid `wec z` erhie l`xyi zca bdpzdl el` eyegi `l exiibziy aezkd miy`d jklc ,my m"anxd azky dfe ,l`xyi el enxb seqaly ,zeixkp miyp i`eypa d"r dnly z` ipdn oicd oiiprlc idpc epiide .'d ixg`n eal xiqdl i`eyp cvn eil` exq`p `lc oda el yi oigewile zexbd oda xeqi`d mrh zilkz oiiprl n"n la` ,zeixkp miyp mb dnlya ok eid ,il jze` e`ihgi ot dxez dxq`y .c"kr ,dl`d zexeibd iypa c"a` l"vf hpa l`wfgi 'x lecbd oe`bd yxt oke dpy) ,l"pd sq`nd oegxia ,lilbde ld`x`ee .q w"wc

`icdl azk ixdy ,epcenlzk wqt m"anxd dpde eixg` ewca `ly xb" ,f"i dkld d`ia ixeqi`n b"ita 'b ipta lahe lne ,mypere zeevnd edericed `ly e` `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd ,m"ekrd llkn `vi ,lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn care xfg elit`e ,ezewcv x`aziy cr el oiyyege ,oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd ,m"ekr ,l`xyik dyrp ,lahy xg`n ,ezca` xifgdl devne dlbpy t"r`e odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle .l"kr ,"oceq

'x oe`bd xe`a zrca xey awri oiipra m"anxd xbae dnly zeyp dxxazp `ly ezwcv

i"xbd ziiyew m"anxdy hpa xzeq dxe`kl diae dipin envr

xn` yixn ,diae dipin ezpynl xzeq dxe`kle wxc rnyn ,ezewcv x`aziy cr el oiyyege `vnp ezewcv `le ezryx x`azp m`e ,oiyyeg seqae ,xb epi`y [rxtnl `zln i`lb`] l"nlb` l`xyi `ed ixd ,m"ekr care xfg elit`y miiqn ly mdizeyp enk ,dyi` myl dligza xiibzp elit`e ixd ,odizeyp eniiw `nrh i`dnc ,oeynye dnly

dxizqd aeyi icia m"anxa hpa i"xbd

d`xp dpde .`ed l`xyi n"n ,ezryx xxazpy s`c dlind ipdnc i`cec ,`id m"anxd zpekc lilra ,zeevnd lka aiige ,xenb l`xyi aygiy dliahde ycew zc xenyiy xxazi m` oia ,oiyeciw eiyeciwe jixv `l `dl `linne ,f"r ceariy xxazi m` oia lek`l oiiprl j` .xexiadn llk n"tp `lc xxal ,'eke epiin zezyle ,ldwa `eal eaxwl e` ezhigyn oiyyeg dfl ,xyk icedi didiy oin`dl `lewl epiid jiiye xyk didi `l `nyc ,ezewcv x`aziy cr el caer oiicry xg`n ,"ixg`n jpa z` xiqi ik" ea oii epiie ,xnen zhigyk dxeq` ezhigy ixde f"r l`xyi i`ce la` .`iqxdta zay llgn x`yk jqp .wtq izla xiibzpyn `ed

hpa i"xbd zii`x df aeyil

azk c"i dklda lirl ixdy ,dfl

di`xe

zxeibd e` xbd `eaiyk dpekpd devndy m"anxd `ny 'eke oenn llba `ny eixg` oiwcea ,xiibzdl miricen ,dlir mda `vnp `l m` ,dyi` llba ick dziiyra yiy gxehe dxezd ler caek mze` eli`e ,oze` milawn eyxit `le elaw ,eyextiy

hpa i"xbd xe`a l"pda


mb x`a ok o'dti `"xbd

-
lahy e` ,lah `le lny xb :xn` 'e dklda lirl leahl jixve ,leahie leniy cr xb epi` ,ln `le oiliahn oi` ,c"a jixv xacde li`ede ,dyely ipta edeliahd m`e ,dlila `le h"eia `le zaya eze` cr xb epi` l"led dxe`kle .l"kr ,xb df ixd xenyiy xxazie zeevnd eilr lawie leahie leniy lr wx carica citwdcn i`ce `l` .'d zxnyn z` epi` dxezd zxinye zeevn zlawc n"y ,lahe ln m` t"kr carica xb didiy oiiprd z` akrn ,dpekpd devnd la` ,carica wx epiide .edelaw dklda xn` df ,dligzkl zeidl ie`x oky l"x z` rciye dxez ler eilr lawiy jixvy ,c"i f"dfa mby xyr drax` wxta yxite xfge ,zeevnd ler eilr lawnyk `l` ,skiz oilawn oi` k"b dfd onfay drhp `lc .y"yl wx xiibzne zeevn ,mitegqe miieec l`xyi ixdy ,el xiaqdl v"` t"kr f"dfa mbc l"nw ,minyl wx ezpeek i`cea k"`e el oi` m` wx milawn oi`e eixg` wecal jixv .c"kr ,ziccv dpek mdxa` zkxaa xbplx` mdxa` 'x oe`bd yxit oke :l"fe 'e ze` `"i 'iq zeaezkl lk rci `le xiibzdl `ay lkc d`xp f"tle epevxy lkc ,zexbd zlawa oexqg df oi` ,zeevnd mpi` ixde ,eala aygy dn l"tki` `l aey xiibzdl izrci eli` xnel lkeiy epivn `le ,zeevnd lk mircei mpi`e alay mixac ded df lkc ,lawn iziid `l ,jk laiwy oeik `l` ,zeevnd lawiy jxev oi`c ,mixac ezrcc llbay wxe ,zeevn llka ded `linn zexbd `ly xnel ipdn `le ,zeevn yiy dxkdk `ed zexbl a"eqi`n b"it) m"anxa oiire .ef devn lawl dvx e` ,eixg` ewca `ly xb ,azke (f"i 'ld cr c"idn 'b ipta lahe lne ,oypere zeevnd edericed `ly `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb f"d ,zeheicd xifgdl devne ,'eke m"ekrd llkn `vi ,xiibzn ixd .l"kr ,'eke l`xyik dyrp lahy xg`n ,ezcia` oeik n"n ,zcgein zeevn zlaw dzid `ly t"r`c elawzpe l`xyi zc elaiw ixd ,xiibzdl e`ay `l e` mly ala elaiw `l `ny yegl y"le ,zeevnd `le alay mixac `l` epi` df lkc ,zeevnd lk elaiw .c"kr ,icin ipdn
`"xbd mb x`a ok l"pdl xbplx`

oxd` 'x oe`bd ,m"anxd zrca yxit a"eike (a"r c"k sc) zenai `"ahixl exe`aa l"vf o'dti :eixac el`e dhiy el yi a"eqi` b"it m"anxd izrcl mpn` m"ekrd on xfegd lky :azk e"h 'ldac ,dfa zxg` k"tr`e ,wcv ixbn epi` ,mlerd iladn xac liaya ipta dnlye cec inia mxiibzn daxd mixb eid oze` oigec `l ,odl oiyyeg lecbd c"a eide ,zeheicd d`xizy cr oze` oiaxwn `le ,mewn lkn elahy xg` `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb :f"i 'lda mye .mzixg` ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne ,oypere zeevnd edericed ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd cr el oiyyege ,m"ekr llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed `ed ixd ,m"ekr care xfg elit`e .ezwcv x`aziy xifgdl devne .oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik eniiw jkitle ,l`xyik dyrp lahy xg`n ,ezcia` xnelk] .l"kr ,oceq dlbpy s` odizeyp dnlye oeyny f"r ecarc ozligz lr oteq gikedy :f"h 'lda myc oiyw exn` df iptne ,[g"qx oniq c"ei `"xba `aede liaya oixfeg oaexy ,zrxv rbpk l`xyil mixb mdl ,odn yextl xacd dywe ,l`xyi z` oirhne ,xac edericed `la xn`wcn m"anxdn rnyn ixd .l"kr t"r`e "xb df ixd" xiibzp xac liayay rcepe zeevn dnly zy`e drxt zaa ozligz lr oteq gikedy meyl xiibzpc oicd ceqic ,xb iede odizeyp eniiwc exnb dwfg meync i"pde `"ahixdk `l .zexb iedc xac lawnc c"a iptl xne`y lk m"anxdlc `l` .elawe eilr law `lc `ilb `iny itlk m` s` ,zexb eilr ,drxt zaa enk jkl zegked yi m` s`e ,mlern zeevn oicn ieedc ,xaqdd ile`e .xb ied oicd xwirn n"n zrc xaqda d`xp xzeie ,mixac mpi` alay mixac ,'b ipta l`xyi llka zeidl eilr lawc lkc ,m"anxd xb ied zeevn zlaw ila s` m"anxd zrcl ,lahe lne meyl xiibzpy inc e"h 'lda m"anxd y"ne ,carica ezpeek oi` jgxk lr ,wcv xb epi` mlerd iladn xac "wcv xb" ly dlrnd el oi`c `l` ,llk xb ied `lc zad` ly zecgeind zexdf`l rbepy dna n"pd ile`e] 'lda m"anxd y"nke ,ied xb la` .[xexa jixve xbd iedc" ,ezcia` xifgdl devne ,oiyeciw eiyeciwc ,f"i ,odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle ,"l`xyik .c"kr

opaxcn wxe xb ied `l `zixe`cn m"anxd zrclc yxtl mivexy yi df xe`a ziigce ,`xnegl ezexbl opiyiig
,exeql xfgc opifg k"g` mbe ,(xehd o`k ixii` dfac) ikdle ,llk xb ded `lc ezligz lr eteq giked k"` ikde ,zekld lra mya xehd y"n dfe .rxtnl p"i epii x`aziy cr el oiyyeg azky m"anxa inp rnyn `xnegl epiidc el oiyyegc azke wcwc ixd ,ezwcv .rxtnl p"i epii exeql xfg m`e ,opaxcne azky i"ad lr g"ad y"n xity uxezn f"tre `l ,ezcia` xifgdl devny m"anxd y"nr my c"eia lahe lne li`ed y"n` `l` ,i`w m"ekr care xfg` ,ezcia` xifgdl devnc xn`we .m"ekrd llkn `vi eyext itl dywd g"ade .l`xyik dyrp lahy xg`nc `ld ,ezcia` xifgdl `ixi` i`n k"`c ,i"ad ly xenb xb ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` caric xenb xb ded `l b"dkac ,`gip y"ntle .xac lkl `ed .c"kr ,ezcia` xifgdl devn d"t`e ,xac lkl dxezdn `vny dnn df yext xzqe xfg envr `edy `l` :l"fe d"d ixaca
df xe`a ziigc d"vxbd icia envr l"pd

'x oe`bd yxtl azk m"anxd ixaca sqep yexit dpy) l"pd sq`nd oegxia l"vf iwqpi'fc`xb yxid iav `l `ziixe`cnc ,(a"r `"k sc 'a zxaeg 'a jxk f"h :l"fe `xnegl ezexbl opiyiig opaxcn wxe ,xb ied ,xg` ote`a m"anxd ixac yxtl c"rlp okl jxca ekld zexbd xg` cinc `kid oia ,`vi wlgle `l` ,mixyk micedi lkk devnde dxezd t"r xyid `ed `zyd opixn` ,mxeql exfge elwlwzp k"g`c ab`c ,y"yl ok mb did mzpeek dligzne ,e`rxzi`c ipwne ixnb ,xac eze` zlrez liaya xnelk ,ediiqpe` ok eyrc opifgc oeik ,y"yl zicedi zc z` ediiytp `l` ,mixenb mixbl ewfged k"`e .zexbd xg` dn onf mil`xyik md ixde ,elwlwzpe mda exfg k"g`c zrck `adle o`kn jqp oii opiie ,xac lkl mixnen jxc lr `ede .mixenb oiyeciw odyeciwe ,f"hd mizekc c"nc ,lirl iz`ady (:d"t) oixcdpqa i"yxty eiykre ,eid mixenb mixb ozlgznc ,od zn` ixb .l"kr ,`ed jnr dyrn dyer epi`y l`xyie ,eriyxd opixn` ,opaxcn `l` ,dn onf exnyc oeik ,ezpeke oiyyege ,`xnegl m"ekrd llkn `vi ,lahe lny li`ed my `xwpe lahe ln n"nc oeik ,opaxcn ely oiyeciwl yi` zy` exn`ie ,epnn yextl dywe eilr l`xyi ycwl el oixizn oi` dligzkl la` ,hb `la d`vei llk xb ded `l dxezdnc li`ed ,zil`xyi dyi` ,ea ozgzdl xeq`c dxezdn ixkpk `ed ixde .b"dka .opaxcn f"h oniq r"d` xehdle ,dxezdn m"anxdl ikde .miwcwecne obedk m"anxd ixac oiler f"tle lr miywny dn uxzl dyixtd azkc `dn inp rnyn m`c ,zekld lra mya g"qx oniq c"eia azky xehd l`xyin sicr ike `hiyt eywde .p"i epii exeql xfg .rxtnl ely epii opixq`c ,uxzl dyixtd azke .xnen llkl `ac oeik ,eilr biyd f"h w"qa my f"hde cr elqetl jl oi`e ,l`xyik xac lkl wfged ,l`xyi `gip y"ntle .y"r `adle myn leqt `edy jl rceiy xac liaya xiibzd dligznc oeikc ,dyixtd zxaq

d"vxbd xe`a iwqpi'fc`xb

ixac ok oiad `ly rnyn my n"dd ixacn mle` m"anxd ixacn oiady rnyn `l` .y"nk m"anxd my d"d azk ixdy ,oiipr lka xenb xb ded caricac x`azn ,`ed jk mixacd ceq m"anxd y"ne :l"fe dwqtpe ,'eke dnlye cec onfa mixb elaiw `l y"nn dhnl ok epiax x`ia xake .mixb mlek my dkld m"anxd y"ne .dxezdn mixenb mixb olek caricac ,oiyeciw eiyeciwe xnen l`xyi ded xfg m`c dhnl rnyne .c"n oniq r"d` i"aa oiire .xn`w dxezdn ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay xacd rcepy xb` inp i`wc l`xyik `ed ixd exeql xfg elit` inp dipin lirlc d"vxbd c"kr ,mixenb oiyeciw eiyeciwe xnen .iwqp'fcxb

hpa i"xbd ziigc df xe`a z`

hpa l`wfgi 'x mqxetnd oe`bd ,df yext dgc oke zxaeg 'a jxk) l"pd sq`nd oegxia ldx`ee c"a` l"vf .(f"p oniq 'd

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m"anxd oeyla xkfpd "ezwcv x`aziy cr el oiyyeg" oeyl xe`ia

oiprl ,m"anxd zpeek hytc d`xpc ,da cer .ielz


zpeek hyt ixiinc m"anxd lr zepn`p iabl oixeqi`d

'lda m"anxd azky df edn x`al epl x`ype :l"fe e"h iladn xac liaya m"ekrd on xfegd lky mixb eid k"tr`e ,wcvd ixbn epi` mlerd ipta dnlye cec inia mixiibzn daxd `l mdl oiyyeg lecbd c"a eide ,zeheicd oiaxwn `le ,n"kn elahy xg` oze` oigec .mzixg` d`xzy cr oze` :f"i dkldae edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne oypere zeevnd `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb df ixd ,m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn .ezwcv x`aziy cr el oiyyege

,zeevnd miiwn epi`y oeikc ,oixeqi`d lr zepn`pd liykdl ceygc xnen icedik l"edc ,mdilr on`p epi` 'x oe`bd `icdl ok ex`iay enke ,el mipin`n oi`e ,(e"t 'iq) eizeaeyza l"vf 'uciixbn xk`nheb edil` ,(b"pw 'iq c"ei) odk zrc z"eya l"vf wew d"i`xbde 'iq r"d`) dpedk igxt z"eya odkd cerqn 'x oe`bde 'd zxaeg 'a jxk f"h dpy) sq`nda hrpa i"xbde ,('i ahew c"a` l"vf xey awri 'x oe`bde (a"r a"q sc 'iq 'e zxaeg 'a jxk f"h dpy) sq`nd zxaega l"pd iwqaewle ield ikcxn edil` 'x oe`bde ('a ze` a"r .a"yr ,(f"w 'nr) dpeazd oegxia l"vf ,l"vf o`'fxan m"yxdn mqxetnd oe`bdl x"eye df xe`a dgcy ,`"iw 'iq c"eig m"yxdn z"eya zexbd drwt oxeql exfg m`e zcnere dielz zexbdy drwt `le zexnenk mpicy x`ean m"anxac ,rxtnl m`c y"n mb la` :epeyl o`k wizr`e ,rxtnl ozexb `l ,rxtnl xeibd rwt oxeql exfge miypd exiibzp zexnenk mpicy my m"anxa x`ean `axc`c ,edn rc` elawi c"ady c"pa hxtae ,rxtnl xeibd lhazp `le wx i`cea didi ,oxeql exfgi k"g` m` oxiibl oze` .l"kr ,m"ekrk `le onvr z` exindk

m"anxd zepeyl a"eqi`n b"ita f"i 'lde e"h 'ld

daxd ex`ia ok mipexg`

exfgy mixb ly mpicc dxe`kl drnyn ef oeyl cr cnere ielz zeevnd mericed `ly e` xac myl eed l`xyi zca mibdep seqal m`y .mzixg` d`xzy .`xnegl wx mixb mpi` e`l m`e mixb mdn m"anxd zrca mipexg` dnk eqtz ok zn`ae (g"k 'iq) mdxa` xacde (e"k 'iq b"ga) xfrig`d yxid iav 'x oe`bde (e"rw 'iq `"g) xyei ixn`de jxk dxyr yy dpy sq`nd oegxia l"vf iwqpi'fcexb odkd dyn 'x oe`bde (a"r `"k sc 'k 'iq 'a zxaeg a `a` v"axbde (`"p 'iq) dyn aiyde z"eya mdixc d"c a"i 'iq c"ei `"g) oeivl xe` z"eya l"vf le`y ikcxn zedbd zhiy hytk edfe ,cere (mix`ean dfae .(e"w 'iq) ulegd wxt zenail d`xi m"anxd oeyla wcwcndy dn caln ok` oiprl `le ,xac myl xiibznd oiprl `l` ok azk `ly epic oi`e xb ied dfac ,zeevn zlaw `la xiibznd

oeyl hytn rnyn m"anxd zexbdy dxe`kl zcnere dielz

dnk epiad ok ezpeeka mipexg`

mb x`ia ok o'dti `"xbd

lr eizexrda o'dti oxd` 'x oe`bdl iz`vn oke xfrig`d lr dywdy ,(a"r e"k sc) zenail `"ahixd ,midenz mdixacc l"pd xyei ixn`de mdxa` xacde zac jd m"anxd ayii dn oaen epi` mdixac itlc i`n` dyw mxe`a itlc ,oeyny zy`e dnlyl drxt dlbpy envra m"anxd azk ixd ,mdizeypn eyxt `l xifgdl devn didi dnlc mdixacl r"v oke ,oceq oixifgn oi` dvgn lr dvgna elit` ixde ozcia` lre
18

,zeaezkc w"t seqc `ibeqa x`eancke ,dcia`

oeyl wecwcn d`xp m"anxd lr `wec xfegy xac myl xiibzp xiibzn lr `le zlaw `ll zeevn

81. , " " ' ": " , , ' ", ". , , ". " " , ', ", , , " " " " " " . " " , " "

xac meyl xiibzpy inc e"h 'lda m"anxd y"nc jgxk `lc ezpeek oi` jgxk lr ,wcv xb epi` mlerd iladn .c"kr ,wcv xb ly dlrnd el oi`c `l` ,llk xb ied .l"pd dinirc miyecw lke dpedk igxtd xe`iak dfe xdh ixry extqa wl`ee l`ixfr 'x oe`bd k"ke giked" azky dny xexa d`xp :l"fe d"kw 'iq g"g la` i`ce zxeza `edy ezpek oi` "ozligz lr oteq t"r megp oefgd k"ke) .`xnegle wtq zxeza wx `ed n"n ,zena epae f"r ecary t"r`e (h"l oilegc 'nbd `l` cer `le ,rxtnle ixnbl zexbd odn drwtp `l dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle" :f"i dklda wiqny exiibzpy did oceq `lde ,"oceq dlbpy t"r`e odizeyp ,odizeyp z` dnlye oeyny eniiw n"ne ,xac myl lkne `adle o`kn elit` ixnbl zexbd dlhay z"`e eniiw ji` ,rxtnl ozexb dlhay xn`z m` oky zeieb f"tl eed `lde odizeyp z` dnlye oeyny oze` elit` ,oxeql exfgy iptny i`ce `l` .zexenb ,ixnbl ozexb dlhazp `l n"n ,xac iptn exiibzpy m"anxd y"n dfe .rxtnl ozexb drwtp `ly y"kne ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` :f"i dklda l"f m"ekrd llkn `vi ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne li`ed care xfg elit`e ,ezewcv x`aziy cr el oiyyege .k"r ,oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd m"ek dligzny ,l"f m"anxd ixaca dxizqk f"d dxe`kle cine skize ,"ezewcv x`aziy cr el oiyyeg"y azk xnen l`xyik `ed ixd m"ek care xfg elit`e" azk ,ok dywdy cg` mkgl izi`xe ,"oiyeciw eiyeciwy xxazp xak m`" ,`id ezpeky xnel migxkeny azke e` ,oiyeciw eiyeciw ,yciwe exeql xfg m` f` ,ezwcv dinz `id ipirae ."miny myl dligzkl xiibzpy xba m"anxd ixaca efk dxf dpek qipkdl xyt` ji` ,dlecb rcep elit` :yxetn azk l"pd f"i dklda `lde ,l"f ,m"ek care xfg elit`e ,'eke xiibzn `ed xac liayay azky ixd ,oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd eprinydl `ed dfe ,xeaigd "e`e"a ef dkld iwlg lk ixiin ,'eke m"ek care xfg "elit`e" seqal azky dny
mb x`an ok wl`ee r"xbd ixry extqa xdh

eiyeciw n"ne ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcepy ina y"kne ,`adle o`kn ezexb dlhay z"`e ,oiyeciw eiyeciw eidiy xyt` ji` ,rxtnl ezexb drwtpy oeyny iypn `ed eilr `iyewd xwir la` .oiyeciw exfge xac iptn exiibzp i`ceay t"r`y ,dnlye ok `iany dfe .dnlye oeyny oze` eniiw n"n ,oxeql qgy eprinydl `ed df lke ,l"pd f"i dklda m"anxd zexbd dlhay y"kne ,zexbd dlhay xnel melye cr el oiyyege" l"f m"anxd azky dne .rxtnl c"prlp ,zexb wtqa mdy rnyny "ezewcv x`aziy "`xnegle" opaxcn n"ny `id ezpeky zehiyta xnel `id dpin `wtpde ,ezewcv x`aziy cr el oiyyeg ,dy`d dze` yciwe xg` l`xyi xfge yciw m`y m` oke ,mdipyn hb dkixve mdipy iyeciwl oiyyeg erbn e` ,`ziixe`c ilin 'eke hb azk e` ln e` hgy opixn` mixacd mze` lka ,opaxc ilin 'eke oiia cer `le .l"pdke `xnegl oiyyege zwtqn ezexby oi` lahe lny oeiknc `nlra `yyg wx `idy `l` ,xenb wtq `le ,eixg` wtql dn dxez oic t"r epl ezcia` xifgdl devne" :l"pd f"i dklda azk ixdy ezexba wtq yiy z"`e ,"l`xyik dyrp lahy xg`n a"r e"h zeaezka opixn` `lde ezcia` el oixifgn ji` ixd ,ezcia` el xifgdl l`xyi aiyg l`xyi aex m` ,y"r l`xyi dvgna ibq `le l`xyi aex `wec opiray `le `nlra `yyg wx zexbd lr `ed lkdy i`ce `l` jkitle ,xenb l`xyi `ed dxez oicnc ,wtq xcba dpi`e ,el oiyyeg opaxcny `l` ,ezcia` el oixifgn .x`eane heyt df .`xnegle ,`nlra `yyg `l` oinipa zeeg extqa il`xyi y"xbdl iz`vn oke xwiry zenewn dnkn wcwcy xg`y ,(f"q 'iq a"g) mrl zegtzqdde `a `ed epnn mrd zaifr `id zexbd m"anxd ixac exaqei dfay c"rlpe :l"fe azk l`xyi k"g`e ,ahid mewcay ilan elawzpy mixb oiipra oiir .zeafekd mdizerce mdiyrna ex`ypy dlbzp azky dnne .(f"i-c"i ,a"eqi`n b"it) m"anxd oeyla

x`a a"eik il`xyi y"xbd zrca l"vf m"anxd

, " " ' ' ", " " ' " ' " , " " " " ) " ' ' "(, , , " . " ) " "(, ".


`xwpy jlnd dnly e` l`xyi z` riyend oeynyy dlbzny xg`l dl` miyp wifgdl ekiyni " 'd cici dpin `wtp i`ne ,llk exiibzp `l eli`k od ixdy oceq ,oda wifgdl ekiyndy e` ozeiba me`yp dligzn m` ?l`xyi llkl eqpki ecli xy` odicli mby ,heyte
y"xbd zpwqn zrca il`xyi m"anxd

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oiaxwn `le oigec `l ,odl oiyyeg lecbd c"a eide" `ly xxazi m`y dxe`kl d`xp ,"ozixg` d`xzy cr jiynny df edn k"` j` .mixb mpi` ,dpk ozpeek dzid xnen l`xyik `ed ixd m"ek care xfg" 'it`y xne`e oiyeciw i`ce mdy rnync ."oiyeciw eiyecwy oiyeciw wtq `l` df `di `l dnle ?xnen l`xyik eilr lawl oeik `l llkay xxazp ixd ?xzeid lkl `ny ,`vi `l wtq icin n"ny xn`p m` s`e .zeevn n"n ,ea xfg k"g` wxe dpekp ezpeek dzid `xwirn seqa miiqny dn ,dfn xzeie ,wtqk epecl jixv did dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitly" ,dnlye oeynyl xy`a ,"oceq dlbzpy" oeikn ,"oceq dlbzpy t"r` odizeyp ,zeevnd lawle xiibzdl mzpeek dzid `ly dlbzp ixd ji` k"` ."oicner oxeqi`ae m"ekr od eli`k" ixd k"` dn uxzl dfa lired dne ?oniiwl dnlye oeyny elki zrcd lr dlri ji`y" eixac ziy`xa dywdy

`ed zexb xwiry oeiky ,mixacd zpeeky `l` c"a zxezy l`xyin dyely i"r l`xyi llkl mzlaw mze`xl oi`y `l` ,mixb md ixd ,mdilr zeheicd i`pza c"a i"r ezlaw `idy zexbd ik ."wcv ixbk" c"ay icka zyxcp mpn` `id xbd zpeeke ,lahe lny ixd ,obedk `ly eyry s` ,edelawyn j` .edelawi caeryk ,ok lr .eilr l`xyin mc` ipic lke ,xb `ed .l`xyi llkn dfa `vei epi` j` ,xnenk `ed ixd f"r mtweza mix`ype mirwten mpi` eiyeciw k"re ,odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitl" .i`ce oiyeciwa .w"ece ."oceq dlbzpy t"r`

m"anxd zrca l"vf le`y `a` v"axbd zrc exe`a ziigce ,xb wtq ied ezwcv dxxazp `ly lkc
lr dil `iywc dne ,(f"ida) yexta m"anxd y"nke xxazzy cr el oiyyege m"ekr llkn `vic oeyl epl deezdy jxcd t"r ahid ayeine heyt `ed ,ezwcv ,lirl mizxkfdy dinirc oiyecw lke dpedk igxtd ezwcv xxazzy cr oizndl yi oiicr n"ne xb ieedc .ezte epiil dpin `wtpe ,wcv xb aygiiy ick xtqa le`y `a` oeiv oa iax oe`bdl zied ifge m"anxd ixac `iady ,(a"i 'iq) c"ei `"g oeivl xe` 'eke rcep elit` xb df ixd eixg` ewca `lcac l"pd `vic df oeyl lr izdnz onfne azke ,'eke xfg elit`e m`c ,ezwcv xxazzy cr el oiyyege m"ekr llkn ieb df ixd ok m` ,wfged `le zexyka wfgeiy opira ,x`iae ,el oiyyeg dnle m"ekr llkn `vi `le xenb ,wcv xb epi` izk` ,eaih dn mircei ep` oi`y onf lkc zexbd ixg` cin m`y dpin `wtpc y"n k"`e x"ndg` ,yi` zy` wtq xcba wx `id ixd dyi` ycw zenzqk ,dxenb yi` zy` ieede ,dkldl axd wcv `l oecpa `picl k"`e .oiyeciw eiyeciwy m"anxd ixac dziide elawy e` ,xeiba zeevn elaiw `l m` ,ezl`y zeevne dxez miniiwn mpi`e xeibd ornl wx dpeek mdl mixb n"n la` ,wcv ixb eed `lc idp ,xeibd xg` mixnenk iaiygc micedid eig` lkk mpice ,eed mixenb mda oi` m"anxd ixace ,zeevne dxez mixney mpi`yk
epnn dnlrpy u"ayxd zaeyz l"pd `a` v"axbd x`an le`y m"anxd zrca x`azzy cry wtq ied ezwcv xb

aygi f` wxe ,ezwcv xxazzy dxenb drici opirac cin m`y dpin `wtpc ,ecia dlre ,xac lkl l`xyik zy` wtq xcba `id ixd ,dyi` ycw zexbd ixg` zy` wtq ,yi` zy` dpi`y ieb zy` wtq) ,yi` .eixac okez el` ,a"yr i`ce yi` zy` `le (l`xyi ik ,oec`d `p glqi dax dgilqd ixg` xne` ip`e crc ,oekp `ed wcv xbk mpic oi`c wiicl y"n mpn` wtqk epicy y"n la` ,wcv xb epi` ezwcv xxazzy l`xyik epiidc ,mzq xbk epic `l` ,oekp epi` ,xb ,wtq iyeciw `le i`cea oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen
ly exe`a ziigc `a` v"axbd le`y

u"ayxd z"eya `icdl x`ean ixacke .ywre lztp .oeivl xe`dk `lce ,lirl eiz`ady (f"n 'iq b"g)

,xb ied z`f lkae zeevna citwi `ly xazqn xac myl xiibzna eze` oilawn oi` cg` xacn uegc 'nbd mr df xac ayiizn cvike
,efn dxizie .mznkg lr jenql elki ,zeyi` myl ozligz lr oteq gikedc ,ok did `l seqaly 'it` myl llk e`a `l ozligzny rxtnl xxazpc ,jtidl `zi`cke .zexenb zexeib eid ote` lka ,miny mcew dxiib dnlyc drxt za iab (.er sc) zenaia
zeyp zexby oeynye dnly mb drwt `l k"g` rcepyk oail zearez exfgy rxd oxeql

,xac liaya xiibzny ina dpiap dad dzre ewca `l elit` ixdy ,dxhn el dzidy epl rcepe da miiqncke ,oiyperde zeevnd edericed `le eixg` l"x ,xnen l`xyik epic ,f"r car elit`e m"anxd elit`e zeevn zxiny lr citwd `ly ,xacd zehyta xac miiwl ezrc dziid `l dliahe dlind zrya did xibzdl `ay epipr lk ixdy ,dxezd ipicn jkitle" m"anxd miiqne ,xb ied d"t`e ,xac liaya ,"oceq dlbpy t"r` odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw ixdy ixnbl oin`n epi`e miiwn epi`y t"r` xnelk oeyny okl ,icedik aiyg n"n ,dxf dcear caer ote`a mb xeib ied carica ik mdizeyp eniiw dnlye .ipeviw dfk zexekaa 'nbd ixac mr df ayiizi ji` dxe`kle oi`e ,eze` oilawn oi` cg` xacn uegc (a"r 'l) "cg` xacn ueg"c zexekac `ibeqc xnele wlgl d`xp oeynye dnlyc miyrnd eli`e ,dligzkl ixiin 'eke dywc .carica wx eid (`"r `"l zay oiir) llde ,dligzkl xeq`d dyrn eyriy el` miwicva zelzl uegc df oic lr xearl egixkd in ,lld iab hxtae oeynye dnlyy ,ayil jixv jgxk lre ,cg` xacn ,cg` xacn uege ,dligzkl mdiyrn z` eyr llde azky enk lawl oken epi` cxnay ote`a epiid `l` cxna df oi`y rcp m` la` ,l"pke y"yxd did `ly lld lv` enke ,oilawn drici oexqig zngn 'it` milawn ,t"ray dxeza dpen`dn oiicr rcei k"g` lkeiy eznkg lr jneq oiicdy `kid dligzkl qpkdl eilr devn mbe ,xyid jxca ekyenle exifgdl .lld bdpy enk dpikyd itpk zgz eqipkdle df wtql ze` e"k 'iq) b"g xfrig` z"eya azk dfa `veike epiid ,oilawn oi` cg` xacn uegc `pic jdc ,('c ,oicd on df xac el xzen didiye ,lawl `ly dpzna zexb oi`e zexba i`pze xeiy oi`c oilawn oi` dfa .a"yr ,oi`vgl eknq oeynye dnly mby yxtl epgxk lr f"tle zeiebd oze` z` `iadle jeynl elkeiy mznkg lr od e`a dzry 'it`e ,dxexad dpen`d l` ,exiiby

m"anxd zrcl ote`a mb xb ied myl xiibzny oiekzd `le xac ipicn miiwl elit` dxezd f"r xeqi`

mbd rxtnl zexbd drwt `ly ol `de ,d`ypy e`viy m"anxd azky enke ,rxd oail zearez rcepy my mdn rwt `l ,oxeql exfg m` mbe ,m"ekr llkn cr el oiyyege" m"anxd azky dne) .l`xyi oi`y ,ahid wcd z`f epx`ia xak ,"ezewcv x`aziy wcv xb epi`y el oiyyeg `l` ,l`xyi epi`y dpeekd mnr xagzdle ,mzit ,mpiil dpin `wtpe ,xenb .(a"eike

dligzkly ilecb mileki lr jenql l`xyi mlawl mznkg zexbl

ilecbl xzen dligzkl 'it`y epcnl df lkne mznkg lr oikneq mdy `kid dl`k mixb lawl l`xyi ,daehd jxcl e`eai seqaly mdiyrn jezn mi`exe lr eknqy dn gkn dyrp `ly `kid carica i`ceae xacn ueg xn`e xiibzpyka 'it` xb ied ,l"pke mznkg .cg`

ayiin ji` z` m"anxd 'nbd ixac uegc zexekaa oi` cg` xacn eze` oilawn

xiibzpy myk xb ied xac myl jk ,carica ueg xiibzpa cg` xacn xb ied carica

xiibzdl `ayk dligzkly enky ,`eti` `vnp liaya e` ,lehiy oenn llba `ny eixg` oiwcea zcl qpkidl `a cgtd iptn e` ,dl dkfiy dxxy rcep elit` z`f lkae ,(c"i dklda) m"anxd oeylk xne`y ina inp oicd `ed ,xb f"d xac liayay ied carica ,oilawn oi` dligzkly cg` xacn ueg el` lka zehyta wiicl yi cer dxe`kle ,xb xiibzny in ixd ,"exiibzp xac liayay rcepy" lr citwn `l k"` ,xacd `id ezxhn xac lya mbe ,zpzep `xaqd jky ,dxezd zeevn x`y meiw .xb ied dfa

m"anxd zrcky xehd ewqt dfa `lce r"eyde ikcxnd zedbdk

xiibzpy xb cg` :(g"qx 'iqa) xehd wqt jke ,yi` myl dxiibzpy dyi` zg`e ,dyi` myl zeix` ixb cg`e ,mikln ogley myl xiibzpye ixac z` `iad sqei ziaae .mixb mlek ,zenelge zrced oi`y heyt df ,mdilr azke ,m"anxd zia ipir ze`x itl lkdye ,carica akrn zeevnd zenaia 'qezd ixac `iade ,xiib lld okle ,oic

oeynye dnlyy mznkg lr eknq el` zeieb axwl dpen`d l` dtexvd


zay ,xpd zwlcde dlg ,dcip oebk zeevn dniiw yi k"`e ,f"r cearl exfg jci`n la` ,dnecke zexbd riwtdl xyt` i` cgny ,miipia avn o`k eafr `l jci`ne ,zeevn zvwn zeniiwn ixdy lny oeeik dfa dkldd k"tr`e ,zncewd mzpen` eid `ly xiievi el k"` ,l`xyik `ed ixd lahe
miniiwn mpi`yk m`hg zeevnd drwt `le e`yi mzexib

-
zdbd z` `iad eixac seqae ,(`"r e"r sc)

il d`xpc ,azky (i"w 'iq) ulegd wxta ikcxnd xac zlrez liayay epl recie ,xiibzdl `ay inc ,xacl zei`x dnk `iade ,mlawl oi` ,miyer md ,azke my epeyla jiynd ikcxn zedbdae .l"kr eteqy geha zeidl jixvy dxezd on `icdl `nl` mlek dkld myl wqtc b"r`e ,miny myl didi mi`ex ikcxnd ep`yk zhiy ok ik ixg`l d`exd l"i cg`e ,mixenb .y"r mixb ,zeyi` myl miyer dligzny t"r` mdikxc mixyiiny cearl xfg m` s` m"anxdlc ,m"anxd c"r zwleg ied mixb mleke ,xnen l`xyik `ed ixd f"r ,k"g` mzpeek rcezykl ielzy `le ynn eheytk dkldd mi`zdl ick `l` ikcxnd azk `l df lke xiibzpy ina (a"r c"k sc) dingp 'x ixac mr oi` la` ,y"r mixb mpi` mikln ogley meyl 'iq) r"ya oxne m"anxd zrcle dingp 'xk dkld ixd exiibzp xac liayay rcepya mb ,(a"i g"qx mdy ikcxnd ixac r"ya `iad `l okle ,xb df `"xbdl (e"t jenql lr x"eye .heyte m"anxd 'uciixbn ikcxn ixacl l"vf zedbd cebipa xk`nheb ixac lr 'iq) eizeaeyza ,l"pd

lkk did mpicy dnke dnk zg` lr f"r zecaer m`hg zeevnd miniiwn mpi` m`e ,micedi x`y .mzexb drwt `le e`yi

xewrl jiiy `l k"`` zexb ze`nxa dzyrp llk oiekzd `le icedi zeidl ipta z`f xidvde z"lqna miipy zexbd mcew

zexbd zxiwr oica dlnyk dkld xxazzykle `kid m` ik `kiiy `lc [g"ta onwl aigxpy itk] icedi zeidl oieekzd `le ze`nxa dzid zexbd lky ,icedi zeidl ezliaha ezrc lr dlr `le mlern lr xidvd mbe ,mdilr ip` wgyn eaila xn` `l` ,oiyeciw mpi` eiyeciw mb dfae ,mixg` ipta jk ,ixnbl iebd oick epice hb `la weyl z`vei ezy`e xacd xdaeiy jixv ezexbl swez didi `ly icke z"lqna e` mixyk micr ipta miyrnae mixaca zehyl oieekzne xiibzdl oieekzn epi`y zexbd mcew ,ezaeha `ly egxk lr xb ied d"`l `d ,19 epa

jildz xary lk `ed ,oick zexb egxek lr xb

df zlef lke .exeql xfgy xnen icedik dil opipiice ibdpne ipic zvwna fge` m` y"ke minezq eiyrny oe`bd zxcbdn rnyn oke ,ixnbl xb ied ,zecdi z"eya c"id l"vf fef`n gilvn 'x dxezd xy lecbd dfy ,(a"n 'iq) c"ei 'b jxk ezaeyza gilvn yi` zecdi ibdpne zeevn zvwna fge`e cg` l`a oin`ny envr wifgne zetixhe zeliape zay leliga lykpe ,un`zn `edyk ,dvgnl icedi `edy t"r` ,icedil maexy t"r` ,'qezd eazky enke elawl oikixv zrc mby `eti` `vei .y"r ,dvgnl micedi mix`yp `xwirn mirceie xiibzny iny ,mzqa l"pd oe`bd lk seq ik ,elawl mikixv ,dvgnl icedi wx didiy

eazky ,(b"pw 'iq) odk zrca l"vf wew d"i`xbdle dywy zlaw t"ry x"ndbd cird envra xy`k ,mdilr jenql `ly xidfde ,ok oicd oi` eizeax jynd z` i"ad `iad `l df mrhn k"`e ,ezxaq lr jnq `l envr x"ndbd mbc ,x"ndbd ixac .ezxaq xiaqdy dnly zeyp oiiprn cenll yi cere m"anxd azke ,oceq dlbzpe oxeql exfgy m"anxd t"r`e mdizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle `ly reci xacdy azk my ixdy ,oceq dlbpy oic zia t"r `le xac liaya `l` el` exfg lne li`ed mrhde ,("xac"d wx my did ixdy) x`aziy cr el oiyyege miiebd llkn `vi lahe in i`cea ixd dnly zeypa mb xnelk ,ezwcv i`ce ,wicv didy dnlyk jlnl d`eyp `idy
dnly zeyp t"r` oeynye eed f"r ecary elahy oeik zexb lk ,zexb myl car `ly xb oky f"r

oiekzny in mb icedi wx zeidl yi dvgnl elawl

,zeevnd i"r a"der iigl zekfl el `id zekf seq ipany epivny enke ,dnly daeyza xefgi `ny cere f"p oihib oiir) l`xyil dxez ecnil mixb ly mdipa .(a"r

. " ' ".

.19

", . , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , " " " " ". , , , . , , , , " ". " , " , , , , , , . )(d-a 'ld a"eqi`n c"it m"anx

m"anxd itl xeibd xcq xe`ia


oi`a oixeqie oitxehne oitgeqne mitegce oilawn ,i`ck ipi`e rcei ip` xn` m` ,odilr `.cin eze
ixac xe`a l"pd m"anxd

`"d c"it d`ia ixeqi` zeklda m"anxd azk :l"fe `cg `eaiyk ,wcvd ixb oilawn cvik e`vni `le eixg` ewcaie ,m"ekrd on xiibzdl ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x dn el mixne` ,dlir `miieec dfd onfa l`xyiy rcei dz` i
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n c"ita `"d

el yiy ,"dlir el e`vni `le" azky dna ezpeek ,geexe d`pd dfn witiy oebk ,xiibzdl ez`iand daiq `.* eze milawn `l f` ,geex myl ok dyer m`y rnync

* )" "( " , " ", " ', " . .


el`y oeeiky heyt xacd k"tr`e `ziixaa my x`ean xnelk) xexiaa mricedl jixv ,dpen`de zcd ixwir md ,dfa mnr jix`dle ,(oin`dle rpkzydl mdl mexbl .zexbde zecdid xwir `edy
:m"anxd jiynne
oeyl jynd c"ita m"anxd a"d a"eqi`n

-
:c"id b"it lirl x`eank zxeibd e` xbd `eaiyk dpekpd deevndy oenn llba `ny eixg` oiwcea ,xiibzdl iptn e` ,dl dkfiy dxxy liaya e` ,lehiy oiwcea ,`ed yi` m`e .zcl qpkdl `a ,cgtd m` ,'eke zicedi dy`a ozp eipir `ny eixg` ler caek mze` miricen ,dlir mdl `vnp `l .dziiyra yiy gxehe dxezd :l"fe azk a"d c"ita mye myd cegii `edy ,zcd ixwir eze` oiricene oiricene ,dfd xaca oikix`ne ,m"ekr xeqi`e zevn zvwne zelw zevn zvwn eze` .df xaca oikix`n oi`e ,zexeng
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n c"ita a"d m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita c"id

mixne` ,cvik ,zevn ly oyper eze` oiricene m` ,ef zcl z`a `ly cry ,rcei ied ,el zllg m` ,zxk yepr dz` i` ,alg zlk` xg` eiykr ,dliwq yepr dz` i` ,zay m` ,zxk yepr dz` alg zlk` m` ,xiibzzy oiaxn oi`e ,dliwq yepr dz` zay zllg ecxehl mexbi `ny ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e ,eilr oi` dlgzay ,drx jxcl daeh jxcn ezehdle oke ,mikx oevx ixaca `l` mc`d z` oikyen k"g`e "mkyn` mc` ilaga" xne` `ed ."dad` zezeara"

myd cegi mdy zcd ixwir el oiriceny l"x cebpa ,oikix`n dfae mixwird xwir `edy f"r xeqi`e xfegy ,"df xaca oikix`n oi`e" jynda azky dnl zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn zrced lr .jix`dl oi` mday

oeyl xe`a l"pd m"anxd oi`"y y"na oi`e eilr miaxn eilr oiwcwcn mexbi `ny ezehdle ecxehl daeh jxcn "drx jxcl

oiaxn oi` zaye alg xeqi` oiiprl mby y"ne daxie jix`iy i"ry l"x ,'eke ecxehl mexbi `ny eilr ezehdle ecxehl mexbi ,ozxnege zevnd iwecwca eilr ,xiibzdl epevx epiid ,daeh jxc `idne ,daeh jxcn qe`nl xac ly eteqa lelr ,ieaixde zekix`d i"ry el ic ,l"pke zcd ixwr eilr law m` ixde ,uewle ,"cin eze` oilawn" '` dklda seqa azky edfe ,dzr eplawi `lyk `ny ,o`k azky dn mrhn k"b edfe ik ,oaen dfne ,daeh jxcn ezehdle ecxehl mexbi cin daxc`e ,daeh jxc `xwp ,xiibzdl iebd ly epevx mvr oigixhne oikix`n oi` okle ,daeh jxcl eccerl jixv .i`cn xzei eilr d`xp ,m"anxd ixaca ahid wiicpykl

ixac xe`a l"pd m"anxd zcd ixwiray cebpa oikix`n zvwn zrcedl oi` day zeevn oikix`n

m"anxd yibcdy dnl inlyexidn xewn iz`vne zenai inlyexia `ede ,dpen`d ixwira enr mikix`ny xb ipz iipz i` mzd `zi`c ,ayez xb oica (`"d g"t) zeevnd lk z` lawiy cr eze` oilawn oi` ayez oilawn oi` ayez xb ipz iipz zi` ,dxeza aezky dcrd oaxwa oiire ,y"r ely f"ra xetkiy cr eze` `weec e`l dxezay zeevn lk lawiy cry ,dyn ipte zi`d itle ,yxet epi` zetxhe zelap zlik`n ixdy zeevnd lk zlawl dliawn f"ra dxitkd ,ipz lkc (`"r d"k sc) mixcpa `zi`ck `ede ,dxezay m"anxde ,dlek dxezd lka dcenk f"ra xtekd ericedl ,car iabl mb yibcd (h"d c"it) a"eqi`a my) wcv xb zlaw oica enewna aeye ,zcd ixwir myd cegii `edy zcd ixwir eze` oiriceny ,(c"d ,myd cegie zcd ixwiry micnl epivnp .f"r xeqi`e mde ,l"fg ixacke ,daexnd z` wifgnd hren md df mr cgi `eazyke ,dlek dxezd lk cbpk milewy jke ,zeevnd zlaw ieed ,mzlawe zeevnd zvwn zrced m"anxd y"nr c"it yix cibnd axd ixacn mb dler df oi`y azky f"r xeqi`e myd cegiia oikix`ny

inlyexidn di`x azky dny elawie m"anxd zeevn lk mdilr epiid dxezay dxitke 'd cegi f"ra

dpde

f"ra dxitkdy zlawk dlewy zeevnd lk dxezay

zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn eze` oiriceny azkyky odne zexengd odn epl yxit `l ,zexeng zeevn ,zeevn ly oyper eze` oiriceny aey azk wx ,zelwd azk f"re ,zay lelige alg zlik` `nbecl xikfde edn wcwcl yie ,"eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr oiaxn oi`" azk `l dnl cere ."oiwcwcne oiaxn oi`" oeyld df .alg zlik`a xdfie zay xenyiy enir oipzne llk xkfp `l miwqetd lka zn`ac meyn `l` zvwn eze` oiricen" wx ,enir epziy zexba i`pz mey

oiwcwcn oi`e" azky dn zpeek idefy l"pe ,"zeevn oi` l"xy ,"eilr oiaxn oi`"n dpeya dfy ,"eilr zlawn zeraepd zelabnde oixeqi`d lk zrk el zelbl xidfd f"re ,ea xefgie rzxi f`y ,dxez lere zecdid ezehdle ecxehl mexbi `ny" ,eixac jynda m"anxd ."drx jxcl daeh jxcn xneg el milbne micnlnyk ike l`eyd l`yi o`ke ecxehl mxeb edf dil` mielpd mixeqi`de dxezd el zelble exidfdle erizxdl epl did `axc` ,ezehdle micnel `l` ,icedie xb zeidla zekexkd zexnegd lk dxzie .eilr zeaxdl oi`ye ,`id `ly m"anxd ixacn oi` yexit ."eilr wcwcl oi`" m"anxd azek efn dn xwire llk zeyixcle zexiwgl enir qpkidl d"`la ixdc ,k"g` dne cine dligzn miiwl oieekzn wx ziwlge xzeia zlaben `id edericedy dricid azk 'd dklda dpd cere ,erizxdl ick zeevn zvwnl ,"ekxcl jled" ,lawl dvx `le ea xfg m`y ,m"anxd d`xn eixac zhdixe ,eze` oidyn oi` laiw m`e dvx m`y ,epevxae envr xba ielz lkdy ,dxe`kl jexkd oiiprd lk envr lr laiw m`e ,el jled ,zkll ,'eke eze` oidyn oi` if` ,l"pd zercedd epiidc xeiba epevx `ed xwird `l` ,ezlawa cv eppi` eppevxe ep`c `l xkfed `l ixdy .epevxa `ed ipivx m` invrd ezrc seq lr cenrl jixvy oitiwra `le oixyina iptn ,lkd miiwiy dpn`p rayiye xbd ly ezpeeke iebd xiibl miyxcp epgp`yke ,llk dfk oic oi` zn`ay wx miiwi oey`x alyay oeayga gwlp ,zercedd ixg` ,epipia miievnd miizxeqnd mze` enke cala zvwn .jkn zegta s` ile`e
:c"d b"it lirl m"anxd y"ny oiaz dfn okle zixal qpkdl iebd dvxiyk zexecl oke ler eilr lawie dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle .dliahe dlin jixv ,dxez
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita c"d

el oiricen ,dvx m` ?`l e` ,mixykdn didze l`xyi oxkye oypere zexenge zelw zeevn zvwne zcd ixwir oiricene ,xbk eze` oiliahne ,xbd z` oiriceny enk xxgzyiyk ,(f"qa) cer x`ean mye ,mina `edyk eze` jixv oi`e ,dyely ipta jk xg` dliah jixv ,card edriced xaky ,zcd ixwir ericedle zeevn eilr lawl yie .(a"id b"it) m"anxd y"nke ,zecar myl lahyk eilr law `l ,zecar myl lahyk card ixdc ,wcwcl dyr zeevn law `le mda zaiig dy`dy zeevn `l` zeevn zvwn `l` el ericed `l mda mbe mnxb onfdy myl lahyk ef ezlaw lirez cvik k"`e ,zcd ixwire oi`y meyn ,l"v jgxk lre ,xxgzypy onfl zecar lr zipexwr drceda `l` ,zeevnd lk zrceda jxev edericedy drcedd jkitle ,mda aiigy zeevn zvwn mb el dliren ,car ezeida f` mda jiiyy zeevnd lr `ly s` oixeg oa ezeida dzr eilr etqeezpy zeevnl xicbd xak ixdy ,xba inp oicd `ede ,mdilr edericed zecarl dqipkd z` `"id a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd ,zexbd xnbk card xexgy z` a"idae zexb zvwnk .l"we mzxcbde xb ipic mb carn cenll yiy `vnp
:azk c"id b"itae
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita c"id

z` riyend oeynyy jzrc lr dlri l` cici `xwpy l`xyi jln dnly e` ,l`xyi xacd ceq `l` ,ozeiba zeixkp miyp e`yp ,'d e` xbd `aiyk dpekpd devndy ,`ed jk .'eke eixg` oiwcea xiibzdl zxeibd

ixac xewn m"anxd oi` dligzklc mixb milawn zeyi` myl

wiiecn `ed la` ,exewn e`xd `l miyxtnd mlek dkldc (a"r c"k sc) zenaia `xnbd oeyln ,mixiibzn mlek l"led k"l`c ,caric rnync ,mixb xn`wcne .mlek lawn oicd ziay epaen did f`c c"al reci xy`k `l` ,jk xacd oi`c rnyn ,"mixb" dligzkl f` ,xac liaya z`f dyer xiibzdl `ady .oilawn oi`

zrc dxe`kl zrca xae'vbexd m"anxd f"r caerac zexbd dlha `xwirn

ae'vbexn oe`bd azk elld m"anxd ixac lr dpde b"it a"eqi` 'ld gprt zptv extqa l"vf oif`x sqei 'x inlyexia 'ir ,'ek `ed jk xacd ceq `l` :l"fe c"id ,y"r i"xe y"xc i`pzc zwelgn df dedc 'a 't oixcdpq m` mixb mze`c ('` 'ld '` 't) oiyecw inlyexia oiire ,mze` oigec oi`e cin mze` oilawn xiibzdl e`a k"g` sc) zenai i"yx 'ire .e"h 'lda o`k epiax zpeek edfe

,zixal qpkdl ,xikfdy mixacd lky ,eyexit ,o`k x`eank epiid ,dxez ler lawle ,stezqdle zvwn zrcede ,f"rn dyixte myd cegi dceqi zexbdy .'eke zeevn epipw ikxce iprpk car ipicn dfl ceqi epl yi gwlpd card :l"fe (b"q f"qx 'iq) r"ya x`eand icar llkl qpkzy jpevx ,el mixne` ,miakek caerdn
car zexbn di`x zvwna icy jkl xbd rciy zeevn


oke .l"pdke opaxc `xnegn wx `ed lkd ,"`xwirn ,gprt zptvd zrca 828 'nra eixac jynda cer cciv ,e"d a"eqi`n b"ita gprt zptvd y"nn z`f gikede dpin `wtpc ,zexbl c"a wqt opira l`xyi ux`a wxc k"`e ,`l l"ega la` ,xeka iab opiracke miycwl lr c"a wqt opira `l i"`a mb ,miycw `kilc f"dfa lra elit` xiibzdl oicd on elkeiy d`xp k"`e ,zexbd ly mzexb lhal xyt` i` i`ce k"` ,c"ad ly mgxk mnvr z` exiib m`n df rxb `l i`ceay ,rxtnl el` ,c"a iptl dlaw dzid n"ny ,c"ad ly mgxk lra .xdh ixryd c"kr
b"it) d`ia ixeqi` zeklda m"anxd azk cer :l"fe ,(e"d
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita e"d

-
rnyn o`k epiax ixacne .y"r ,`a d"c (a"r d"n enk dede ,`xwirn zexbd dlha ,f"r caer k"g` m`c ,a"r g"l 'c w"a 'qez 'ire ,ozligz lr oteq giked did xb iabc (a"r 'l sc) zexekaa opixn` jkle ,n"ke jda 'ire ,r"ekl dxezd lkl xnen ,cg` xacl xnen .l"kr ezngn exeql xfg iab (a"r d"n 'c) oihibc ,`xwirn zexbd dlha f"r caer m`c azky dne dn t"kre ,c"eheha m"anxd ixac aeyia epkx`d dpd zexbd dlha k"g` f"r carac gprt zptvd wiqdy u"ayxd y"n epnn mlrpc xirdl yi ,`xwirn .(f"n 'iq) b"g daeyza l"pd gprt zptvd ixac lr cnr xaky iz`vne zpeky xexay azke ,d"kw 'iq g"g xdh ixry xtqa ixdy ,opaxcn wx `xwirn zexbd dlhac `id t"vd dfne ,k"r ozligz lr oteq giked "enk" iedc azk aygpc eipira xexa df oi`y oaen ,"enk" oeyl azky epiide ,"enk" wx `ed `l` ,ozligz lr oteq gikedk elit` ezexb riwtdl xyt` ji` k"`e ,wtq wx `edy ,`id l"f iae'vbexd oe`bd zpeky i`ce `l` ,rxtnl ,ozligz lr oteq gikedy "enk" iedc opixn` `xnegly .rxtnl ezexb drwtpy opixn` `l i`cea `lewl la` `ly wx `ly l"f m"anxd ly epeyl lkn xxazp xake elit` "dlhazp" `l mby `l` ,rxtnl ezexb "drwtp" xac xne` iae'vbxd oe`bd did `l i`ceae .`adle o`kn .ea wqer `edy m"anxd ixac lk cbpk `edy dfk d`xn dfa `iady izi`x ,t"vd oeyla izpiiryke seq lr cenrl r"ve ,ycewa ekxck 'nb dnkn zenewn 'da b"dad y"n `iad seqaly izi`x mpn` .ezrc mixac ipd enk 'ek jqp oii epii exeql xfg m`c ,dlin `ld dxe`kle .k"r ,y"r oin iab `"r b"ic oilegc epiiy xyt` ji` k"`e oiyecw eiyecwy m"anxd azk wx `ed m"anxd dfa y"n lky i`ce `l` ,jqp oii ,"`xwirn zexbd dlha"y t"vd y"n mbe ,`xnegl ixac dfa `iad dnl k"l`y ,`xnegl oic inp `ed xenb ieb `ed ,mheytk eixac itl `lde ,l"f b"dad ,dxezdn eiyeciw riwtdl oiiprl `id dpin `wtpde mbe ,opaxc oicn ixiiny b"dad ixac jinqd dnle xbl df `hiiy dne ,xac myl xiibzp `ly xba ixiin lkay enky `id ezpeky i`ce `l` ,xac myl xiibzpy ,jqp oii epiiy opaxcn `xnegl opilf` exeql xfg m` xb zexbd dlhay" xac myl xiibzpy xba p"d ok
ixac xe`a lr xae'vbexd ixryd icia oekp xdh df lr diyew u"ayxd ixacn

,xb epi` ,ln `le lah e` ,lah `le lny xb ,dyly ipta leahl jixve ,leahie leniy cr eze` oiliahn oi` ,c"a jixv xacde li`ede edeliahd m`e ,dlila `le h"eia `le zaya

.xb df ixd
cibnd axd xe`a m"anxd ixaca l"pd

,(:en sc) zenaia 'nbdn exewny cibnd axd azke oke ,akrl dliahe dlin ,izxz opirac iqei 'xk dkldc ."dia aizk htyn" h"n ,dyly jixvy my yxetn mrhde ,dyly dkixv dliahc m"anxd zxaqy epl ixd m"anxd xikfd `le ,dliahd i"r zexbd xwiry meyn zg` drcede dlaw m"anxdlc ,zevnd zlaw oipr o`k `lac (f"i dklda) onwl azk xake ,oldlcke `id axd yxite xb df ixd lah lne oypere zevnd edericed zrced oi`y heyt df" (f"i dklda) jynda cibnd dyly jixvy dnc ixd ,"caric akrn zeevnd .dliahd liaya wx `ed `aekirl
:m"anxd azk ('f dklda) jenqa dpde

m"anxd oeyl 'f 'lda my

envr oial epia xiibzpe envr oial epia lah .xb epi` ,mipy ipta 'it`e

cibnd axd xe`a m"anxd ixaca l"pd

jixv `edy dlrnl x`azp xak ,cibnd axd x`iae oial epiay 'nba xkfpe ,dia aizk htync ,dyly .c"kr ,xb epi` envr ,`ed envr oial epia xiibzpa oexqgdy x`ean oi` m"anxdlc idpc .dyly ipta `ly dliahd dzidy zexbd ly ixwird xacd la` ,zevnd zrced zakrn 'b el` eidi 'it`e ,dylyl `ed jixv ,dliahd `edy xb epi`e melk dyr `l ikd e`l `d ,zeheicd .m"anxa yxetnke ,`aekirle

eixac xe`a oi` m"anxdlc zeevn zlaw `l` zakrn dliahd


m"anxd ixac z` lf`d oa` extqa l"vf xvln f"`xbd x`a ok

zrya `l` dyly jixvy xikfd `l ,eze` oiln azk zevn zvwn zipy eze` oiricen f`y ,dliah `l` mcewn did `l zexbd xwirc gkene ,'b jixvy f"d dlila lah m`c azky dne ,dliah zrya xiykn k"ynk `l` ,oic xnbk iedc mrhn epi`c l"v ,xb epce exar m` oica mbc inlyexid 'cn g"qx 'iq j"yd .l"kr .y"r ,oic mpic

xqi` 'x mcewd xecd zten mqxetnd oe`bdl x"eye g"ta m"anxd lr lf`d oa` xtqa l"vf xvln onlf (lirl k"b eixac iz`ade) azk oky k"d micar 'dn akrn zeevn zlawc xagnde xehd eazkc dne :l"fe mbc d`xp ,y"`xde 'qezd ixacn `ed ,meia dpi` m` dligznc azkyk m"anxdc ,ok m"anxd xaeq epi` dfa lawyke ,zevn zvwn eze` oiriceny xiibzdl `ayk

xqi` 'x oe`bd mb xvln onlf zrcy x`an zlawy m"anxd dpi` zeevn zakrn

l"pd m"anxd ixacl dn`xr cec epax xe`a


meyn mrhde ,xb ied ,envr oial epia k"g` lahy `l la` ,zevnd zlawl `ed ,dyly jixvy dnc .dliahl
r"cxd x`a dfle :y"na epiax wcwc "xiibzpe"

b"it) m"anxd lr eiyeciga ,dn`xr cec epiaxe ied `lc envr oial epia lahy xb oica ,(f"d a"eqi`n d"c :dn sc) zenaia 'qezd ixac z` `iad ,l"pd xb m` la` ,envr oial epia zevnd laiwya `wecc ,(in oial epia lahe xiibzpe dyly ipta zevnd laiw opirac `ed `wec zeevn zlawac ,carica ic ,envr wcwc dfle .'eke dzcpl dlah `l inc di`xe ,dyly .y"r ,'eke laehe xfege 'eke xiibzpe epiax ied `ly azk m"anxdy t"r`c ,dxe`kl ezpeeke ,envr oial epia xiibzpe envr oial epia lahyk xb t"r` ,dyly ipta zevnd zlaw dzid m` n"n

ixac xe`ia lr l"pd m"anxd cec epax it dn`xr

wcwc dfle ,eixac seqa r"cxd azky

dne

m"anxd wligy dnny ezpeek ,"xiibzpe" epiax epiid xeiby oian dz` ,mipipr 'al xeibde dliahd 'qezdk l"q m"anxd ezrcl k"`e ,zevnd zlaw elre ,`aekirl dyly ipta zevn zlaw opirac mbc `linne ,cg` dpwa 'qezde m"anxd ixac k"g` lahe dyly ipta zevnd laiw m` m"anxdl .xb ied envr oial epia

zpeek xe`a r"cxd

r"cxd xe`iaa miiywd


oicd lr exary wx ,dyly ipta edeliahd n"ny epce exary dfd hxtae ,zaya htyn zeyrl jixvy xacd xwir la` ,carica xb df ixd ,zaya m` carica ipdn `l dfa ,dliaha `aekirl dyly .(dyely eid `l
i` jgxk lry z` yxtl xyt` r"cxdk m"anxd

ixac z` qpxti ji` ,r"cxd lr dyw ok` jixve" ,`icdl azky 'e dklda lirl m"anxd epiid jixvc ipaiyz l`e ."dyly ipta leahl ,izkec dnka ogky`cke ipdn caricae dligzkl e` lah `le lny xb" ,m"anxd azk `yixa ixdy heyte "leahie leniy cr ,xb epi` ln `le lah azky `tiqa k"`e ,carica 'it`e `aekirl `edy m`c `yix xza lif` ,dyly ipta leahl jixvy cibnd axd azky enke ,carica akrn ok dyr `l ,zexba "htyn" aezky dnnc m"anxdl l"qc dfe ,oic xnbd `idy dliaha dyly jixvy opitli epia lahe xiibzp m`y d`ad dkldd ly mrhd m`y m"anxd azky dne) ,xb epi` envr oial epiid ,carica xb df ixd dlila e` zaya edeliahd

'ita iyewd r"cxd

k"`e ,zakrn dyly ipta dliahdy dfn epcnle dyly ipta zeevn zlaw dyriy dn lirei ji` .envr oial epia dliahde 'qezde m"anxd zhiy z` zelrdl dvxy dn mb 'lda m"anxd lr jxe`a onwl izx`a ,cg` dpwa

ixacn gken oky cibnd axd

dn liren `l ,daxc`y ,cibnd axd ixaca 'h yiy oniq wx `ed `l` ,zexb oiprl dzcpl dlahy yxetn ixdc ,oick dxiibzp i`ceay gipdl epl


cer azk oke akrn epi`e devnl `ied ,zexenge zaya zenewn ipya ixi`nde ,(:gq) zayl eiyeciga dpyi dhiyde ,(a"r `"i sc) zeaezkae ,(a"r g"q sc) wxta sqei iwenipde ,(my) zeaezkl w"nhya `aed m"anxd zrca cibnd axde ,(a"r f"n sc) ulegd ,(a"v 'iq) g"p`xdne ,(f"hd a"it) a"eqi` zeklida ,(e"t 'iq) c"g f"acxde ,('k 'iq) oeyy `"xdn z"eyae ,m"anxd zrca g"ade ,(`"q g"qx 'iq) dyn ikxcde dhiya lif` (:dn) zenaia s"ixd mby lirl x`ean oke .[.l"nk`e lirl xak epnpe mipey`x cere .y"r ,ef ji` ,melk eze` miricen oi` m`y xexa xacd ixde la` ,mdn rcei epi`y `kid zevn eilr lawl lkei ied df xac c"a ipta leahie leniyk xwird ea miiwl jixv ,xiibzdl `ad xba dligzkle .`aekirl xexae .c"ita my m"anxd mazky itk zekldd lk z` `edy cibnd axdk ,m"anxd ixac zpada hewpl yiy eizexewn z`ivne ezrc xexaa m"anxd ly ezia on`p .mipey`xe mipe`b miyxcn inlyexie ilaa cenlza

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dliren `ly (f"d b"it) l"pd m"anxd ixaca zlaw dzid m` 'it`e dnvr oial dpia dliahd .20 dyly ipta zevn oia zecind deeydy r"cxd zhiyl dyw cere oiirndc ,dylya zevnd zlaw oiprl 'qezdl m"anxd cibnd axd azky dn cbp md eixacc ,dfgi xyi `ly xb oiprl f"i dklda m"anxd ixac xe`iaa zevnd zrced oi`y heyt df :l"fe ,zeevnd edericed lah" (:fn zenai) ulegd wxta exn`e ,caric akrn `le .l"kr ,"eixac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd ,dlre azky enke ,mzrced `le zevnd zlaw `l ekixvd df ixd zeheicd dyly ipta lahe ln 'it`e" m"anxd m"anxd zrcl gikedl lirl epkx`d xake ."xb .zexbd zakrn mzlawe zevnd zrced oi`y mipey`xde m`y l"f `zeeaxc `xaqc (.fn zenai) `"ahixdl oiir] zeaezkl eiyeciga `ed oke .akrn epi` edericed `l zelw edericeiy opira ohw xbc b"r`c (.`i sc)
lr ztqep diyew r"cxd

wgeca dn`xr cec epax ixac aeyi


envr oial epia lah m"anxd azk okle ,'ba `wec oial epia lahyk l"xc ,envr oial epia xiibzpe `l envr oial epia xiibzp mb df ici lre ,envr
ly epeyl oiicr dwegc r"cxd

oiqtxn eidi `ly r"cxd ixac ayiil

icke

yxtl izrc lr dlr ,m"anxd ixac 'ita ixbi` ixg` eixac seqa y"nc ,jtida ynn ,ezpeeka m` zakrn 'bc dliah oi`c 'qezd ixac `iady dfle" r"cxd xird f"re ,'ba zeevn zlaw dziid dhiy ixd m"anxdc l"x ,"xiibzpe epiax wcwc dliahc m"anxdl l"q ixdc ,'qezdk `le el zxg`

ayiil oeiqp r"cxd ixac

,ce`n wegc oiicre ,'ba dliah ezrcl opirac ,ipdn zeaizl `zil mipyi miqetcay iz`ad onwle ltp k"`e ,m"anxd oeyla "envr oial epia xiibzpe" .`xiaa `zit

dn`xr cec epax lr egek lka jnqy dnly rnyd lr ddinz


zetqep zedinz dnly rnyd lr

x`azp xak ,r"cxd ixac lr envr jnqy dn mb z` micbpne miyw mnvr cvn r"cxd ixacy lirl .o`k cibnd axd ixac z` hxtae ,m"anxd ixac hyt z` `iady ixg` "dnly rny" xtqa azky dne cnlc l"f eixaca yxetn dpd :l"fe ,r"cxd ixac ,`aekirl dyly jixv zeevn zlawac m"anxd zrca

oe`bdl "dnly rny" xtqa azky dn dzrne a"i oniq e"g) `"hily x`nr y"xbd oeivl oey`xd ,zakrn zevn zlawy m"anxd zrc yxtl ('c ze` zpeeka mixtq itne mixteq itn lirl epkx`d xak xza lif`c ,zexb ipipra eizekld lka m"anxd ixac .l"nk`e ,zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawc l"qe ,`kti`

ixac lr dinz dnly rnyd

, " " )' "( " " ' " . , " " , ' "

.20

laiw epiid m"anxd azky "xiibzpe" zaiz x`anc r"cxd ly eweic lr `id ezkinq lke ,zevnd eilr ,zevn zlaw lr zxfegy dyxity "xiibzpe" zlinn `veid lretd epiid "xiibzpe" yxtl xyt`y t"r` dpd mikixv ep` oi` c"prl n"n .zexbd epiidc dliahd ly el` zeaiz 'cy ci azk ze`gqep epivn ixdy ,dfl `aenke) eda `zil "envr oial epia xiibzpe" ixack xwirdy xexa k"`e ,(lwpxt z`ved m"anxa ,m"anxd ixaca ixwird yxtnd `edy cibnd axd zrcl zeakrn mpi` mzrcede zevn zlawy azky j`apfi` i"gxbd ixac z` iz`ad lirl xake .m"anxd hyt dgcy (h"n wnr 2 uaew) ` - dxez qepk uaewa zlawl "xiibzpe" zaiza ezpeky m"anxd zrca df ,zexb mya dliahd z`xwp `l i`n` f"tlc zeevnd dpi`e zexbd zakrn wx ied dliahc xninl `kilc dliahk ied `l mixb zliah ixdy ,zexbd mvrn m"anxd ixac wizrd r"eydc cere .`nlrc d`nehn `ed oeyld 'nbae li`edc d`xp oklye ,"ln e` lah" 'a hwp jkl ,dliah lr eyxtn m"anxde "xiibzp" wx .a"yr c"kr ,zepeyld ikec ,dnly rny axd zhiyl denzl yi llkae zeevn zlaw oic aezkl eqenlewa eic m"anxd `vn `l oial epia xiibzp oica wcd on wc f'nexd f'nxa wx ?envr yxetna m"anxd azk ,efd dnizqd znerle lahe lne oypere zeevnd edericed `l m`" :f"ida rny axd ixac itle ,"xb df ixd zeheicd 'b ipta `ly 'it`e zeevnd envr lr laiwy epiid ,dnly lawl ecia yi cvik ,dl`yd zl`yp k"` ,edericed yipi`c dilr `inx `lc `zlin ixde ,ercei epi`y xac `ed melk e`l ,envr oial epia laiw m`e ,dizrc` e`l .(f"d b"ita x`eank) m"anxd zhiyl ler envr lr lawl el exn`y uxzl jytp m`e m`c ,`cg ,dyw df ,lawl dn edericed `le zevn `ly `xaq oi` ,zeevn ler eilr lawl epnn miywan dkldd gzt m"anxd ixd ,gken xzei dfe eze ,edericei edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb" :ef oeyla ueg ,mdipta lne lahy elld 'bdy ixd ",'eke zeevnd `l ,ztqep dlert mey eyr `l ,elld zelertdn mey o`k dziid `ly i`ceea ok m`e .drced `le dwica
ayiil oeiqp el` zedinz oeiqpd ziigce

,xg`n ,dfa jix`dl jxevd on oi`e ,zeevnd lr dlaw zeevnd zrced oi`y heyt df" azk cibnd axdy seqa) g"ad epiax epl x`a efn dxizie ,"caric akrn dziid `ly t"r` xyk m"anxdl :l"fe (g"qx oniq mixaca epagxde ,y"r xwire llk zeevn zlaw myl ixac xe`iaa onwle m"anxd ixac xe`iaa lirl elld wtzqdl mewn yi ike ,myn epgw (b"q g"qx 'iqa) oxn zlaw myl dziid `l azekyk g"ad oeyl zpeeka .xwire llk zeevn
ly eazkn oeyl dnly rnyd

l"y`xd oe`bd ceak ly eazkn mqxtzp dzre oin`dl dyw :l"fe azky ,f"qyz xii` ycegn `"hily zeevn zlaw oi`y) df xac ezrca dlriy g"z yiy "dnly rny" extqa azky dn xikfde ,(xeiba zakrn oi`y m"anxd zrca xnel dvxy in my dgcy ,l"pd okye ,[iwqaekic y"xbd] caric zakrn zeevnd zlaw

eixac lr dinz lre ,df azkna z` dgcy dn y"xbd ixac iwqaekic miwcevd

caln dpde .c"zkr ,l"f r"cxden axd ixaca x`ean cvn miywen ,l"pd l"f dn`xr cec epiax ixacc ,y"`xde 'qezd zhiyl m"anxd zrc deydy ,mnvr dywy y"na `"hily eilr `ltc ,da cer ,denz dfe d`x `l ike ,df xac ezrca dlriy g"z yiy oin`dl zrced oi`y heyt dfy azek mewna cibnd axdy m"anxdly liga ixw g"ade ,caric zakrn zeevnd ,xwire llk zeevn zlaw myl dziid `ly t"r` xyk oeyy `"xdne (e"t 'iq c"g) eizeaeyza f"acxd k"ke epl ine m"anxd zrca ('k 'iq) zn` zxez z"eya ixac zpada f"acxde g"ade cibnd axdn milecb zrca k"ke .`xaql `xiwa `zrav`k op`e ,m"anxd dpnpe dxrda lirl mep`ade mipexg`dn miax m"anxd zaiyi iy`xn xbplx` mdxa` 'x oe`bd :aey o`k mze` ,(`"r `"i) sc zeaezkl mdxa` zkxa extqa dxez lew xe` dxez zaiyi iy`xn iwqehl` cec mdxa` 'x oe`bd ,(f"nw 'nr a"qx ze`) zenail `xza iyecg extqa 'x oe`bd ,xiaqnd mya (`"i) zeaezkl `xza iyecgae `"ahixd iyecgl exe`aa oexag zaiyi n"x o'dti oxd` ikcxn dyn mdxa` 'x oe`bd ,(a"r c"k) zenail lr dyn z`yn eixtqa oexag zaiyi y`x ipexag ,(g"n 'iq) oiyeciw 'qn lre ,e"d a"eqi`n b"it m"anxd wxa ipaa daiyi y`x `"hily gxti mely 'x oe`bd ikcxn 'x oe`bd ,(c"i 'iq) zeaezkl mely zgpn extqa oexkifd xtqa ixzi` zaiyi y`x l"vf hptil` ikcxn zkxa extqae ,('` ze` 451) 'nr xpxee c"yxbdl


zevnd zrced oi` m`y dxe`kl dnevr `dinz elenl ji` ,melk edericed `l ixdy melk rcei epi`e ,zakrn .zakrn zevn zlawy eazk 'qezd ixdy ,zexbd didz
rnyd ixac mixzqp dnly ixac jezn f"acxd g"ad oeyy `"xdne m"anxd zrca ixacne mipey`xd 'nbd xe`aa

-
iav mely 'x oe`bd ,(jli`e n"w 'nr) `vz ik zyxt ,(h"py 'nr) micar 'd m"anxd lr uaewa `xity 'nr 2 uaew `) dxezl qepk uaewa j`apfii` i"gxbd `"hily xbpifly ield ikcxn dyn 'x oe`bd ,(hn 'qn lre ('g 'iq) dbibg 'qn lr ield xnyn eixtqa extqa l"vf il`xyi le`y 'x oe`bd ,(g"n oniq) zekxa l"vf htelw l`ei 'x oe`bd ,(f"q 'iq a"g) oinipa zeeg 'nr `"qw 'iq) r"d` l`ei zrc extqa dtig c"a` ewqta `"hily iwqaekic dnly 'x oe`bd ,(c"py 'qn qpka wiz) mixerxrl zekix` lecbd c"aa mqxetnd ez`vxda xzeiae (1-19-93663

m"anxd zrca l"pd cibnd axd ixac itl mpn` i"qx) g"ad azke ,"caric akrn zevnd zrced oi`y" zlaw myl dzid `ly t"r` xyk m"anxdl"y (g"qx m`y" (e"t 'iq) c"g f"acxd k"ke ,"xwire llk zevn df lk ,zevn zvwn dericed `le c"a my eid `l k"kye "`ed xenb xb carica la` xgaend on devnl ('k 'iq) oeyy `"xdn z"eyae ,y"r c"i wxta m"anxd dpi` zevn zlawy o`kn d`xp ,didiy dn didi" ,azk mzqa eazky mipey`x zwdl caln ,y"r "zakrn `"ahixd dnd `ld ,zakrn dpi` zevnd zrcedy zayae (a"r f"n sc) zenaiae (`"r `"i sc) zeaezka dhiy mya n"hiyde ,(a"r f"n zenai) i"wenpde (:gq) (a"r g"q) zaya ixi`nde (`"i zeaezk) dpyi `iyew k"` ,lirl mep`ade (a"r `"i) zeaezkae .`zil `xwirn

'x oe`bd ,(h"qyz zpy) oinegza dqtcpe t"rayezl ,(f"l 'iq) r"d` dpedk igxt z"eya l"vf odkd cerqn awri zpyn extqa `"hily lhpfex oqip awri 'x oe`bd onlf xqi` 'x oe`bd ,c"d a"eqi`n b"it m"anxd lr micar 'dn g"ta m"anxd lr lf`d oa` extqa xvln oegxia l"vf iwqaewle ield ikcxn edil` 'x oe`bd ,k"d ld`xee c"a` hpra l`wfgi 'x oe`bd ,(f"w 'nr) dpeazd d"`ixbd ,(bq 'nr 'd zxaeg f"h dpy) sq`nd oegxia 'c jxk) miazke miwqta i"`l iy`xd axd l"vf bevxd zxaega xvln l`eny 'x oe`bd ,(ci ze` h"v 'iq awri 'x oe`bd ,(14 'nr 'b zxaeg dl dpy) qcxtd oe`bd (13 'nr) zeaezkl zenewn d`xn xtqa oefawri 'x oe`bd ,(h"k 'nr) axd ceak xtqa onxy dyn 'x .cere (d"kw 'iq g"g) xdh ixry extqa wl`ee l`ixfr dnly rny extqa l"y`xd oe`bd ceak azk cer `"hily iwqaekic y"xbd ixac lr a ze` a"i 'iq e"g dyrnn wlg dpi` zeevn zlawy d`xpe" azky l"pd yexitac ,izdnz cine" :dnly rnyd l"fe ,"zexbd m"anxd zrca (h"k 'iq) c"eig dnly zcng axd azk dpde .c"kr ,"zevnd zlawa `aekirl dyly opirac oi`"y mixaeq mipey`x daxd ,lirl x`eand itl azk cibnd axd mbe ,"caric zakrn zevnd zrced okye caric zakrn zevnd zlaw oi`y heytc yexita zrced epze eaxry rnyn mlekne ,m"anxd zrc ,cg` oipr mvra lkdy zevnd zlaw mr zevnd ,l`ey ohwd ip`e ,jkl zexexa zegkede zei`x iz`ade epiid ji` ,extqa l"f dnly zcng oe`bd `ay cry oey`xd `ed ixdy ,eicrlan m"anxd z` miyxtn dpi`y drcedd oia wlgl m"anxd zrca ycgl `viy dcnr ik ,zakrny zeevnd zlaw oial ,zexbd zakrn
zedinz cer rnyd ixaca dnly

mipexg`d ixacn zrc xe`aa gken m"anxd miwlgn mpi`y zlaw oia zeevnd mzrcedl

ipy zevn zlawe drcedy mdixaca wegcz m` s`e dpri dn ,mdixac zehytn d`xp epi`y dn ,md mipipr yexita exikfdy oeyy `"xdne g"ad ixacl y"cngd n"cd ziyewn mbe ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y mpeyla lk dgcp m`d ,g"adk oiady rnyn ('` ze` g"qx 'iq) epa eilry y"cngd ly eyecig iptn el` mler ilecb ipiipra zekld ly miliz iliz epipnf ipexg`n wlg xkfp `ly xac carica zexb lhal ick cr `pcne` mlek dkld"c zehyta eqtzy mipey`xd ixaca mlern ied ,xiibzpy xg`y xnelk ,(a"r c"k zenai) "mixb mitl` p"w mbe ,melk dixg` oi`e ziteq dlert efe ,xb ewigxd `l dnlye cec inia exiibzpy mixexb mixb ,(inia `l d"c my zenaia) 'qezd y"nk minkg mze` y"cngd ixac iptn mlek ixac egci m`d ok m`e !?ddnz` eixg` mixxbpde

ixac xe`a b"ita m"anxd f"id a"eqi`n mipexg`d itl l"pd

xby ,(f"ida) m"anxd wqty dn ahid oaen dfae ,ezexb zaiq dn eixg` ewca `le 'b ipta lahe lny ,zeheicd 'b ipta xiibzpe lahe ,zeevnd edericed `le lka ,f"r cearl xfge ,`a daiqly k"g` rcepe miheyt mixacde ,xb df ixd ,zeixyt`d zezerixbd azky zekldd xzi lk gexa mialzyne mixexae ipic xziae ,oceq dlbzpy dnly zeyp oica m"anxd

eywzp mipexg` daxde ,l"nk`e c"i wxt yixa zexb miheyt mixacde ,dfa eltlte ekix`de m"anxd ixaca sc zenai) mixb mlek l"iw dkldle li`edc ,mixi`ne oeylke !xb df ixd ,m"anxd raw ikdl ,(a"r c"k

ik" mpi` elld mi`pzd lky l"pd f"acxd ly adfd zerhl mewn yid ,y"r "xgaend on devnl m` myxtl mewn yid ,miyxetnd g"ad ixacae ,ezpeeka ?zxg`

ly eax `"hily lhpfex oqip awri 'x oe`bd mb zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y m"anxd zrca epixack oian "dnly rny"d
ici z`vl `zlinc `geexl wx azek ip` dfe ,zakrn zevn zlaw oi` zn`ay oxnle m"anxdl la` ,r"ek el ericedyk y"ke ,xb iede ,n"wl ,zexbd zakrn exry `ly xaca `pcne` ipiiprle epl dne ,'eke zvwn 'iq b"g) u"ayxd zaeyzn hxtae ,mipey`xd eze` .y"r exeql xfge zg` dryl xiibzpy in oica (f"n ,mxe`iae y"cngd ixaca epkx`d onwl oke lirle zlaw ezrcly eazky epipnf ipexg`n mze`y ep`xde dne ,ie`xk ea epiir `l ,zexbd zakrn zeevnd lk lra oe`bd ik ,`ipz `lca `ipz ilz `ed ,ea elzy mb dfa llkp 'b ipta dliahd dzid m`y dcen y"cng ipexg`n dl`e ,xb iede ,'qezd zrcl zeevnd zlaw zeevn zlawy y"cngd ixacn zehyta e`iady epipnf eixaca minrt xyrk azky dn z` e`iad `le zakrn ok eyr ,zeevnd zlaw da dlelk zexb myl dliahy .dyri `l oke ,irack eixac seba epiiry ilan
xi`n ziad upiv l"`xdne z` egc w'vltn ly ewelg xwir y"cngd

,`"hily x`nr n"yxbd ly eaxl iz`vn aeye c"a` e"xp lhpfex oqip awri 'x oe`bd edip xn `ld ,(c"d b"it) a"eqi` 'd awri zpyn extqa ,dtig zevnd zlawc (h"k 'iq) y"cngd ixac dligzn `iady `l `edc xirde ,mipey mipipr ipy md zevnd zrcede zrck l"qc d`xp dyn ikxca `"nxd mbe ,g"adk ,g"ade n"cdk xaeq i"ad s` d`xpd itkye ,g"ad m"anxd azky dn hinyd dizhiyl xehdy oekpl oiive zlawc l"qc meyn edfe zakrn dpi` zevnd zrcedc ixac `iade .zevnd zrcedl p"dde zakrn zevnd dhiy myn w"nhya k"kye `"i zeaezka `"ahixd miqtez epgp`y dn la` ,jix`dy dn lk a"yr ,dpyi ixac zpada mixyinl jld awri zpynd mby xwir oia zwelgn `ede ,zakrn zevn zlaw oi`c m"anxd d`xp i"adnye ,m"anxd oial 'qezde y"`xd xehd mby b"qa oxn zrc x`al y"ntle ,m"anxdk xaeqy dxizqd n"wl ,m"anxdk weqtl ezpeek df sirqa jxev el oi` "xky" zlnn weicd `linne ,a"i sirqn jxevd on oi` okl ,dfa izkx`dy enke ,gxken epi`e ,f"i ze`a my cer iz`vny dn la` ,cer dfa ltltl xkfpe lirl xak iz`ady y"cngd ixaca eweic `ed zlaw `linn ied zexb myl dliah lky onwl mb zwelgn zn`a o`k oi` dyrnl k"`e ,a"yr zeevn zlaw `linn ied zexb myl dliahd m` ik ,dlecb elaw zexb myl milaehd lk seq lk seq ixd ,zeevn zevnd zlawc xaeqc o`nc `ail` s` e`vie zevnd

lhpfex i"xbd mb rnyd ly eax xaeq dnly m"anxd zrcly zeevn zlaw oi` zexbd zakrn

zia oe`bdy onwl oke lirl iz`ad ,z`fn cale w'vltn upiv l"`xdne (a"i 'iq) eizeaeyza xi`n gly mdil` ,('p 'iq c"ei a"g) ytp zaiyn eizeaeyza ,dilr mzrc eegiy ezaeyz z` dnly zcng oe`bd ly eyecg xwir z` xezql mdizeaeyza ekix`d envr ipta xac zeevnd zlaw oi`y egikede ,y"cngd zrcedn zxfbp `id `l` ,y"cngd x`al dvexy enk m"anxd zrcl okle ,xbd lawn oze`y zeevn zvwn `idy zeevnd zlaw d"d ,zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y .a"yr drcedd ly dkynd

lhpfex i"xbd mb wiicn y"cngdn zlaw xwirc `id zeevnd myl dliahd zexb

`zinx` xa dil exw eedc jda a"r d"n zenaia 'nbd lr m"anxd ixac xe`a
:l"fe m"anxd azk 'h dkldae el` ixd ,zevnd lk dyere eixwl laehy micr my oi`y t"r`e ,wcv ixb zwfga .exiibzp in ipta micirny ,cinz l`xyi ikxca zbdep depi`xy zxeib dzqirn dnexz yixtze dzcpl leahzy oebk l`xyi ikxca bdepy xb oke ,dfa `veike
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita h"d


dyly ipta dliahc m"anxdl ok` .k"r ,dyly cibnd axd yexitl la` ,mvexiz oeki `l ,zakrn `ly yegl xyt` j`id l"x "dzcpl dlah `l in"c zeevna zbdepy dne diyrn lk ixd ,ie`xk exiibzp m` 'it`e ,oick dxenb zexb dl dzid i`ceay giken dzcipl zlaehy dn ,zexb dze` lr dzr micr epl oi` dliah dzid `ly epl reci m` mlerle ,z`f giken zlaeh dzid m` 'it` m"anxdl ipdn `l dyly ipta ,dyly ipta dliah `la zexb oiprl ibq `lc ,dzcpl dzre ,'qezd zrck `lc i`cea dfe ,da aizk htync dliahd `l p"d`c ,'qezd ziyew m"anxd itl n"wl dxiibzp i`cey dn `l` ,zxeib dze` dyer dzcpl .dyly ipta dliaha mcew ie`xk

-
sc) zenaia 'nbdn exewny ,cibnd axd azke ,iy` ax xn` ,`zinx` xa dil exw eedc `edd ,(:dn yxtn `edy ,epiax ixacn d`xpe .dzcpl dlah `l in ,dlah `l in ixn`w ike ,mixenb mixb zwfga owifgdl ,ie`xk exiibzp `ly yegl xyt` j`id ,ixn`w ikd milaehe mixenb mil`xyik zevnd lka mibdep md ixde .c"kr ,oz`nehn eywzpy `iyewd z` `xwirn wlql ,dfa ezpeeke dn liren ji` ,eywdy ,(dlah `l in d"c my) 'qezd ,dyly jixv xb `de ,zexb oiprl dzcpl dlahy p"d`c ,'qezd eycig df jezne ,dia aizk htync dkixv zevnd zlaw `l` ,dyly dkixv dpi` dliahc
axd zpek exe`aa cibnd

cibnd axd xe`a ef dkldl m"anxa

l"vf iwqaewle ield ikcxn edil` 'x oe`bd mb x`an epxack


oic `l` zexbd mvra i`pz df oi` deevn zlawc ,dligzkl `l` df oi`e zeevn dil ricedl c"a lr ,(lirl `aedy epeylk) m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe lne k"` ,'b irac dliahe dlin lr i`w htyn k"r k"` eixwl lah `l in dzecpl dlah `l in yxtl oi` ,zexb zliahl mdl dler dliah dze`c eheytk xe`aa epkx`dyk lirl z`f epazk epgp` mbe .c"kr xe`aa dfn aezkp onwl mbe ,m"anxde 'qezd zhiy .l"nk`e ,r"eyd zhiy iwqaewle ield ikcxn edil` 'x oe`bdl x"eye :l"fe ok azky (g"w 'nr) dpeazd oegxia l"vf i"yxtk eheytk yxtl dvx `l m"anxdy d`xpe ,zexb zliahl dl dler dliah dze`c my 'qeze dniz" 'ek in d"c 'qezd ziiyew el dywy meyn ...dia aizk htync dyly jixv xbc onwl xn`c la` zeevnd zlawl epiid dyly opirac `d l"ie zlaw` `l` htyn aizk `l i` la` ...dliahl `l l"qc d`xp m"anxd la` ..."xity iz` deevn
'x oe`bd xe`a iwqaewle edil` m"anxd ixaca l"pd

, . '
(h"k 'iq c"ei dnly zcng z"ey)

.
(f"q 'iq a"g oinipa zeeg extqa l"vf il`xyid y"xbd)

xba zeevn zlaw oipra r"yd lra oxn zhiy

`ean
' " ", . " " ' " ) , " " " "( ' ", " , , " " ", " " " ' ", , ". " " , , " ". " , , ) ' " " " (, " ", , " " . " ". . " ' " ', . , , . ", ", " " . " . , , " ' ' , , ,

-
, " , , . " ' , . " , ' .

r"eya oxn zepeyl di`pze mixba zeevn zlaw lr wiicl ozip mdny

:f sirq
ipta jk xg` dliah jixv ,card xxgzyiyk

:b sirq f"qx 'iq c"ei r"ey


jpevx :el mixne` ,miakek caerdn gwlpd card .`l e` ,mixykdn didze l`xyi icar llkl qpkzy zelw zevn zvwne zcd ixwr el oiricen ,dvx m` ,xbd z` oiriceny enk oxkye oypre zexenge .mina `edyk eze` oiricene ,xbk eze` oiliahne
r"eyd zepeyl f"qx 'iq c"eia g"qx 'iqe

ericedle zevn eilr lawl jixv oi`e ,dyly myl lahyk edericed xaky ,zcd ixwr .zecar :g sirq
exkne ezeibl xfge eax elny miakek caer car

wxt i"p) (oec`d `le dliahd lr jxan carde) .(d`ia ixeqi`n b"i wxt dpyn cibnae ,ulegd

`ed ixd ,epnn e`pwe l`xyi xfge ,miakek caerl .zewln `l` dliah jixv epi`e xnen l`xyik
dlrnl eze` oiliahne oixfeg dlgzkl n"ny `"ie) .(ulegd 't i"p) (`nlra

:c sirq
card dvx `le ,miakek caerdn lecb car gwl xeq` ok lr xzi .ycg a"i lk enr lblbn ,lenil caerl exkene xfeg `l` ,lxr `edyk eniiwl

:a sirq g"qx 'iq c"ei jexr ogley


z`ay zi`x dn :el mixne` xiibzdl `ayk mitegc dfd onfa l`xyiy rcei dz` i` ,xiibzdl sgqp recn" on mitegqe micea` 'it) mitegq mi`a mixeqie ,mitxehne ((eh ,en dinxi) "jixia` xagzdl i`ck ipi`e ip` rcei :xn` m` .mdilr ixwir eze` miricene ,cin eze` oilawn ,mdnr ,miakek zcear xeqi`e 'd cegi `edy ,zcd

exiibl ick e`pwy mewna `wece :dbd .miakek xeh) elenl `ly yexita dpzd m` la` ,carl c"ite dlin 'ldn `"ta m"anxe ,ulegd t"q ikcxne xiibl xeq`y el` zepicna oke ,(my c"a`xe a"`dn xzene ,elenl `ly enr dpzd el`k ded ,ieb mey 'xe my ikcxna f"b) dvxiy onf lk lxr eniiwl .heyt bdpnd `ed oke ,(mgexi

:d sirq
,zecar myl egxk lra eliahde ecar z` ln m` zevn bdpe epevxn dyr m` edin) .melk dyr `l .(i"yx mya xeh) (k"ra k"g` exxgyl leki ,car ly

zvwn eze` miricene ,df xaca enr oikix`ne


miricene ,zexeng zevn zvwne zelw zevn mcew :el mixne`y ,zevn ly oiyper zvwn eze` ,zxk yepr dz` i` alg zlk` ef dcnl z`ay zlk` eiykre ,dliwq aiig dz` i` zay zllg .dliwq aiig dz` zay zllg ,zxk yepr dz` ,alg

:e sirq
.oic zia zrc lr eze` oiliahn ,dhey e` ohw car


:c sirq

myke .eilr oiwcwcn oi`e ,eilr oiaxn oi`e

oiliahn oi` ,'b ly oic zia jixv xb zliahe li`ed ixd ,lah m`e .dlila `le h"ia `le ,zaya eze` .xb df

eze` miricen jk ,zevn ly oypr eze` miriceny el` zevn ziiyray eze` miricene ,zevn ly oxky lra `l` xenb wicv mey oi`ye ,a"derd iigl dkfi ied :el mixne`e .mrceie el` zevn dyery dnkgd mde ,miwicvl `l` oetv epi` `ad mlerdy ,rcei daeh ,dfd mlera xrva l`xyi d`xzy dfe ,l`xyi daeh aex lawl mileki mpi`y ,mdl dpetv `id erzie mal mexi `ny ,miakek icaerk f"dera mdilr `ian d"awd oi`e ,`ad mler xky eciqtie icaerd lk `l` ,eca`i `ly ick zeprxet aex ick df xaca oikix`ne .micner mde milk miakek el mipiznne ,cin eze` oiln ,law m` .oaagl eze` oiliahn k"g`e dnily d`etx `txziy cr eizexry glbiy `"ie) .dvivg `la zpbed dliah s"ixe xeh) (dliah mcew eilbxe eici ipxtv lehie micner (xeh f"b) (minkg icinlz) dylye .(y"`xe

:f sirq
.eze` xiibl leki a` el yi m` ,ohw miakek caer ez`ian en` e` ,xiibzdl `ae a` el oi` m`e oikfe el `ed zekfy ,eze` oixiibn oic zia ,xiibzdl oia eia` exiiby ohw oia .eipta `ly mc`l epic oi`e ,licbiyn zegnl leki ,c"a edexiiby .miakek caerk `l` xnen l`xyik

:g sirq
zecdi bdpn bdp `lyk ,mixen` mixac dna epi` aey licbdyn zecdi bdpn bdp la` ,licbdyn .zegnl leki

:i sirq
:xn`e `ay miakek zcaer e` miakek caer on`p epi` ,ie`xk ,ipelt ly epic ziaa izxiibzp oibdep mepi`x m`e .micr `iaiy cr ldwa `al zwfga el` ixd ,zevnd lk miyere l`xyi ikxck in ipta micirny micr my oi`y t"r`e wcv ixb l`xyia axrzdl e`a m` ,ok it lr s`e .exiibzp elahiy cr e` micr e`iaiy cr mze` oi`iyn oi` `ay in la` .miakek icaer ewfgede li`ed ,epipta ,on`p ,oic ziaa xiibzpe miakek caer `edy xn`e dna ,m"anxd azke .xizdy dtd `ed xq`y dtdy zwfgy ,minid oze`a l`xyi ux`a ,mixen` mixac jixv ux`l uega la` ,l`xyi zwfga my lkd eyr dlrny ,zil`xyi `yi k"g`e di`x `iadl .oiqgeia

zelw zevn zvwn eze` miricene ,eiab lr


cner `ede ,diipy mrt zexeng zevn zvwne mina dze` zeaiyen miyp ,dy` dzid m`e .mina zvwn dze` oiricene ,uegan mipiicde ,dx`ev cr k"g`e ,mina zayei `ide ,zexenge zelw zevn ick ,oi`veie mdipt mixifgn mde ,mdipta zlaeh lr jxaie ,mindn dlrzyk dze` e`xi `ly

ixd lahy oeike ,mind on dlriy xg` dliahd `ed ixd exeql xfg m`y ,l`xyik `ed .oiyecw eiyecw ycw m`y xnen l`xyik

:b sirq oia mlawl zevnd ericedl oia ,xbd ipiipr lk mixykd 'ba eidiy jixv ,dliahd oia dlind edin .(ulegd 't y"`xe 'qez) meiae ,oecl e` ln `l m` carica la` ,dlgzkl `wec zedbd) (miaexw e`) 'a ipta `l` lah ,zexb myl lah `l elit` ,dlilae (ikcxn ,dzcpl dlahy dy`e eixwl lahy yi` `l` zevnd zlawn ueg ,zil`xyia xzene xb ied s"ixdle .dylyae meia dpi` m` zakrny ipta ln e` lahy carica elit` ,m"anxdle
la` ,zil`xyia xeq`e ,akrn ,dlila e` mipy .dil opilqt `l ,oa dpnn cilede zil`xyi `yp m`

:`i sirq
oial ipia izxiibzp :xn`y ,l`xyia wfgen didy in on`p la` mipad lr on`p epi` ,mipa el yie ,invr xq`il `xeqi`c `kizg diytp dieeyl envr lr .oic zia ipta leahiy cr l`xyi zaa

:ai sirq
llba `ny eixg` miwcea ,xiibzdl xbd `aiyk iptn e` dl dkfiy dxxy liaya e` lehiy oenn eixg` oiwcea ,`ed yi` m`e .zcl qpkil `a cgtd


`ed xac liayay rcep 'it` xb f"d ,zeheicd 'b ,miakek icaerd llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn care xfg elit`e ;ezwcv xxazzy cr el miyyege eiyecwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd ,miakek zcear ;leahl v"` ,daeyz dyry xnen l`xyi) .oiyecw zexiag ixac eilr lawle leahl el yi opaxcn wx .(ulegd 't i"p) ('b ipta

,`id dy` m`e .zicedi dy`a ozp eipir `ny ,l`xyi ixegaa dpzp dipir `ny dixg` oiwcea ler caek mdl miricen ,dlir mdl z`vnp `l m`e ick ,zevx`d inr lr dziiyra yiy gxehe dxezd exfgy mze` e`xe ,eyxit `le elaiw m` .eyxtiy e` ,eixg` ewca `l m`e .mze` milawn ,dad`n ipta lahe lne ,oypere zevnd xky edericed `ly

zakrn zeevn zlawy azky r"ya oxn oeyl xe`ia


el`eyl jixv dligzny ji` `l` ,envr ipta byenk zelw zvwn el oiricene eze` oilawne 'eke dn iptn azk (h"wq) f"hde ,cin oilawn "laiw m`e" ,zexenge zlaw oiprl xehd zeawra r"yd azky dn yxtl xacd seb edfy ,y"`xd itl zakrny zeevnd dxezd onc oic xnbk eed dliahe dlin la` ,ezlgzde ly mheyt itl micnl epivnp ,j"yd k"ke ,dlila s` ixg`e ,dn iptn dpey`xd dxiwgd ixg`c ,mixac zlaw" `xwp df ,drcedd z` laiw m` ,drcedd ."zeevn
xg` xe`a oxn zpeeka

(b"q g"qx 'iq) r"eya oxn zrcl `eap `ad dzrn :azky

r"yd oxn oeyl sirq g"qx 'iqa 'b

oia ,mlawl zeevnd ericedl oia ,xbd ipiipr lk oecl mixykd 'ba eidiy jixv ,dliahd oia dlind ,xb ied 'eke carica la` ,dligzkl `weec edin ,meiae ,dyelyae meia dpi` m` zakrny zeevnd zlawn ueg .k"r azky enk `ed ,dxe`kl df oiiprl zakrn yexite akrn 'eke carica elit` m"anxdle s"ixdly ,k"g` .xehd k"ke ,zil`xyia xeq`e byena dxe`kl dpey`xl o`k mipigan epgp` dpde zl`ype ,zeevnd zrcedn dpeya "zeevnd zlaw" ixde ,zniiwzn izne efd zeevnd zlaw idn dl`yd zeevnd zlaw z` llk xikfd `l m"anxdy xak epi`x
zlaw idn dilr zeevn r"eyd xacn oeyl xe`a azky zakrn r"eyd

idpc ,`ide ,oxn ixac zpeeka il zxg` jxc p"` ,m"anxd ixac zehytke xb ied llk edericed `l m`c z`f eyriyk ,oic zligz `id drcedde li`ed edin mcewde ,akrne llk edericed `l m`n rexb `ed dlila .xwir

,zeevnd zlawe zeevnd zrcedy m"anxde r"eyd oeyln dgked .envr ipta cnrn zeevnd zlaw oi`e cnrn eze`l zqgiizn
yie mipey mipiipr 'a md zeevnd zlawe zeevnd i`d ik lk ,zeevnd zlaw ly zcgein dxcbde cnrn zeevn zvwn edericedy ixg`y iyextl oxnl l"ed zlaw envr lr lawl `ed jixv ,zexenge zelw `l oxne ,miakrnd mixacd on edf ixdy ,zeevnd dnvrlyk zeevnd zlawy cnll 'b dklda `kd zigp .zakrn meiae 'b ipta zeevnd zlawy wx zakrn zlaw `xwpd cgein oiipr o`k epl oi`y i`ce `l` xzeie drcedl xiibznd ly eznkqdy wx ,zeevn `le jildza jiyndl xnelk ,lawl eznkqd oekp eixac zhdixe m"anxd itl ik ,cer d`xp mle` axd yext itke ,xb f"d eixg` ewca `ly xba y"na ayiizi `l ,caric akrn zeevnd zrced oi`y cibnd ,carica elit` zakrn zeevnd zlawy oxn y"n ahid n"cd zxrdn rnyn oke ,m"anxdk `ly d`xp dfc .('` ze`) laiwy dyexit zeevn zlaw oxnl mb t"kre ixaca yxtl jixv ok ixdy ,drcedd z` envr lr a"qa wizrdy oxn zrcl oicd `ed k"`e ,m"anxd zrced m`c ,xeib ixcq oiiprl m"anxd oeylk hrnk
'it oxnl mby zeevnd zlaw zlaw epiid .drcedd 'b sirqa mzqd epi` dxe`kl m"anxd zrck

dliahd wxt cr xeibd ly jildzd meiq `id ,yextl ieede ezeibl ea xefgl lkei `l jli`e o`kne ,dline .l`xyi mnvr cvn migxken mixacdy ,izepia aeye ipiipr lk" :mpeyl dfe eazky ,xehde r"eyd oeyla eidiy jixv ,'eke mlawl zeevnd ericedl oia xbd `ede ,md cg dlawde drceddc gkene ," 'eke 'ba zvwne zcd ixwir epiidc ,el oiriceny dn lawn i` ,'a sirqa mcew mixkfpd zexenge zelw zeevn edin" mzqa r"yehd mikiynny dn mby xexa ,jkl ueg ,xb ied 'eke carica la` ,dligzkl `wec ,"dyelyae meia dpi` m` zakrny zeevnd zlawn lirl xkfpy zeevn zvwn zrced zlawl mzpeek ,mzqa r"yehd zrcl mb k"`e ,lawl eilr dze`y zakrn byenk zeevnd lk zlawy wqtp `l mlern zeevn zvwn zrced zlaw `l` ,(byen dfk oi` ik) oxn azky dn k"`e .zakrny `id zexenge zelw `ed ,zakrn `l drceddy mzqa a"i sirqa r"eya ,'b sirqa mzqa azky dnn dxfg e` ,miizydn cg` s` ef drck weqtl oieekzp `l 'b sirqa mby e` s"ixde m"anxd zrck wqet `l` ,mzqa d`iady ,zakrn 'ba `ly dliahe dlin wxy k"g` m`iady enke ,zakrn dpi` mzlawe zeevnd zrced la` dna 'b sirqa jynpe ,a"i sirqa mzqa x`iay xehd oeyl xg` ,y"`xde 'qezd zrck mzqa azky izkx`d onwle .wece df sirq oeyl wizrd epnny zlaw `id ,zeevnd zlawy gikedl df hxta cer .zeevn zvwn zrced `xnegl wqet l"pd 'b sirqa oxny xnel oi`e `aekirl 'b opirac 'qezdk mb epiidc ,zercd ipyk 'b opirac s"ixde m"anxdk mbe zeevnd zlawa ixaca zeaeyzd wlga oiir) dliaha `aekirl sqei i"xbdl iazknae ,il` eazkna x`c`n `"xbd oxn ixdy ,epi` df ,(sqei hewli lra `"hily ,zakrn zeevn zrced oi`y mzqa a"i sirqa wqt zrck xingdl wqet epi` 'b sirqay xexa k"`e m`iady m"anxde s"ixdk weqtl ezrc `l` ,'qezd 'iq) deab ogly xtqa eklen i"xdn y"nke seqal
zexyt`d ziigc wqet oxny mb `xnegl mbe 'qezdk m"anxde s"ixdk oeyln jkl gxkd r"yehd

ze`) dyn ikxca `"nxd oian oke ,y"r (g"qx sirqak zakrn drcedd oi`y wqety iny ,('` ,zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawy xaeq jgxk lr ,a"i ,zakrn zevn zlawy xaeqy xehdy azk okle zrcedy sqei iwenpd azky dn lr `ed wleg .zakrn dpi` zeevn
ilraa x`ean m`y millkd `id `"id zrc icenr 'bk e` d`xedd ,mkezn miipyk weqtl oxn zrc cbp s` `"idk mzqd

hewli lra `"hily sqei i"xbdl iz`vn oke cenra) r"eyd illk lr b"g wgvi oir extqa ,sqei zrc `id mixne` yid zrcykc ,azky (e"kz oxne ,dyly jezn mipy e` ,d`xedd icenr zyely zxaqk `picl opihwp ,sqei ziaa exeaiga mxikfd oxnc ,mdixack `ly mzqa azky s` mixne` yid xewnk oiiv 'k ze`a dxrdae ,lecbd exeaig lr jnq z"eye ,(b"i ze` mixb zekld) mixvn xdp axd z` dhn gxt z"eye ,(e"h 'iq c"eig) cec dpg zixw 'iq) c"ei r"ya oxn zrcy ,(`"p 'iq) a"g oxd` 'b jixvdl m"anxde s"ixdk weqtl (b"q g"qx ixry z"eya eazky enk `lce ,`aekirle dliaha z"dn ikcxn iyeal z"eye ('t 'iq g"e`g) wcv ,y"r mzqdk weqtl oxn zrcy ,(a"qw 'iq c"eig) riaia lecbd epax eia` xn dyrnl mikqd dfle `"iaia r"re ,dyrnle dkldl (e"k 'iq) i"g xne` ok dlrd my mby (i-g zeize` h"i 'iq) c"ei `"g .y"r

zrcl mb b"ita m"anxd c"d a"eqi`n zlaw oi` i`pz zeevnd zexbd i`pzn

dvxiyk" zexecl oke (c"d b"ita) m"anxd y"ne dpikyd itpk zgz stezqdle zixal qpkidl iebd z`ade dliahe dlin jixv dxez ler eilr lawie qpkidl" y"nc x`al lirl izkx`d xak ,"oaxw xb l"x ,"dxez ler eilr lawle stezqdle zixal edfc `le ,dliahe dlin el jixv ,df lk dvxiyk lawi ,'eke iebd dvxiyk l"ed k"l`c ,zexbd i`pzn enk i`pz edf ik zernynd f`c ,dxez ler eilr oke" ,dheyt ezpeek i`ce `l` ,dlinde dliahd lawl dvxie stezqdl dvxie qpkidl dvxiyk zexecl dlina xiibznd lk ik oiaz mb dfne .heyte ," 'eke ler zlawe ,"xeibd" `id ezlert zernyn ,dliahe wlg dpi`e xiibzdl ez`iand daiqd `id ,zeevne dxez .xeibd zlertn

-
zeevn zlawl zaygp dnvr dliahde zakrn dpi` zeevn zlaw g"p`xdn zrcl

azke ,zakrn `l zeevn zrcedy `"ahixd ixack mdy ,zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawy zehyta g"p`xdn zeevnd zlaw oia dil ipy `lc eixacn x`eane my cer azke ,akrn `le cg` lkde zeevnd zrcedl zlawac idpc ,xnel il xyt` cer :l"fe g"p`xdn rnyn `linne carica elit`e 'b ira inp zevn 'b ipta dliah dzid `lya epiid edin ,`akrnc `l ,'b ipta dzidyk la` ,`akrnc rnyn `linne dlecb dlaw jl oi`c ,'ba zxg` zeevn zlaw `ira `l i`ce eze` oiricen `peeb i`d ike ,dliahd on .a"yr ,`akrn
mipey`xd zrcl zrced oi`y 'ky ,zakrn zeevnd mzrcl d"d zeevnd zlaw zakrn dpi`

epiid zeevnd zrcedc ,lirl izazk d"`lae ixacl m"anxd ixac oia zwelgn oi`e ,zeevnd zlaw ziaa ik ,df lkl di`x siqen ip` cere ,llk dfa oxn axd ixac `iad ,'eke xb cg` d"c (g"qx oniqa) sqei xby m"anxd y"n lr (f"id a"eqi`n b"it) dpyn cibn zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y heyty ,eixg` ewca `ly ,dil wizye sqei ziaa melk xird `le ,caric zlaw ied m"anxdl zeevn zrcedy xexa ixd dxe`kle zeevnd zlaw ly dfk oeyl oi` m"anxa ixdy ,zeevn zeevn zvwn zrced wx ,xeibd xcqa dnvr ipta `din zeevnd zlawy xirdl i"al el dide ,mzlawe caricae cg` lkde dil ipy `lc i`ce `l` ,zakrn .dligzkl wx `ed df lky `vnpe ,xb ied `iady ,(a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn z"eya azk oke `z`eeaxc `xaq mya sqei iwenpd y"n z` g"p`xdnd

ztqep di`x zeevnd zlawy zlaw epiid drcedd

zligza lirlc mipey`xd lkn gikedl yi oke wx exikfde ,zeevn zlaw oic exikfd `ly ,epqxhpew ,mdixac enzqcn jgxk lr ,akrl dpi` drceddy .zexbd akrl zeevn zlawa oic oi`y mzpeek

g"p`xdn zrcl dzidy lk myl 'ba dliah zrced oi` zexb zakrn zeevnd

oxd` dhn gxtde xteq mzgd zrc dliah i"r `ed zeevnd zlaw xwiry dinirce g"p`xdnk
dliah k"`yn :l"fe (`"r `"i) zeaezkl eiyeciga didzy dliah ira ,'eke zeevn ler zlaw dxwiry l"kr ,dpikyd itpk zgz qpki dci lry devn myl elit`y (a"r g"q sc) zayl eiyeciga r"re .y"r zvwnc zvw rci `ly `"` devn mey edericed `l xiibzp dna cere ,xiibzdl eal ozp f"ire dxf dcearn zcear lawle ezcear aefrl eal ozp t"kry `l m` .y"r l`xyi
i"gxbd mb wiicn j`apfii` m"anxd zrca zexbl dliahy zlaw `id zeevn

g"n) zenail xteq mzgd epax 'iga iz`vne zeevn zlaw xwiry g"p`xdnk k"b azky ,(a"r aexl eixac wizrdl ippde ,dliahd mvr `id zexba dnec dlin oipr oi`c ,c"rlpe :l"fe mzeaiyg didiy wx ,lenipd zrc dkixv dpi` dlinc ,dliahl miaxr myl iwet`l ,zecdi myl lnd zpeek idpe ,l`xyi zixaa eqipkdl elny lk `l` ,miperabe ezrc ixd zcl qepkl dvex epi`e akrn lenipdyk lra yi` `edy oa ln mc` oi` ikd meyne ,zakrn oi`y ohw oa n"n la` ,zakrn ezrcy iptn egxk ler lawl zrc el oi` mby t"r` ,akrl drc el lek`l eia`l xizdl zlren dlind n"n ,zeevn dlind didi ,epevxn cdizdl dvxiykle ,migqta mc sihdle xefgl jixv epi`e `ziilrn dlin rxtnl zlaw dxwiry dliah k"`yn ,dlina df lke ,zixa ,akrn drcedd oi`y xn`p i` elit`c ,zeevn ler ira n"n ,carica akrn dyly ly c"a oi` mbe itpk zgz qpki eci lry devn myl didzy dliah cer k"ke .l"kr ,k"b lahpd zrc irae ,dpikyd
q"zgd oeyl zeaezke zenaia

zexb myl dliahd didzy opira t"krc epiide ler zlaw `xwp dfa wxe ,zcl ezqipk myle j`apfii` i"gx oe`bd wiic oky x"eye .zeevn cenr 2 ` dxez qepk uaew) m"anxd zrca ,zeevnd zlaw `id zexb myl dliahdy (h"n zlaw ly cgein dyrn m"anxd zrcl v"`e .zeevn

oa `"xdn oeyl odkd miig dhn gxt z"eya oxd`

ipey`xn

oencw

oe`bl

izi`x

dfa

`veike

gxt z"eya ,l"f odkd miig oa oxd` iax mipexg`d dlerd llk :l"fe azky (`"p 'iq `"g) oxd` dhn


`"xdn zrcl mb xwir miig oa `id xba zecdid myl dliahd zexb

ick ,m"anxde s"ixd zrclc ,lirl aezkd lkn aqinl xbd xzen didiy zxeibd e` xbd xiibzdl cr y"nk ,c"a ipta leahiy jixv ,oixeg za dieb dgtyd z`f dlah `ly oeike ,epipta leahiy t"r` ,ipdn `l i`ce ,miyp ipta `l` c"a ipta `ilz zecdid xwirc ,c"a ipta zeevnd dlawy `le ,'eke zecdid l` qpkp dfay dliahd oipra ipta dlahe c"aa zeevnd dlawy] zexb jd ipdn lk edciclc ,y"`xde 'qezd zrc itl `l` [miyp ipta dzid dliahdy s` ,c"a ipta zeevnd lawy k"` ,zxeibd z`f diepy zwelgna oky oeike miyp aqinle l`xyia `axrzi`l zxeibd sebl ipdn `l `"ayxde m"anxde s"ixd zrcl l`xyi oa z` mixi xy` `ed dfi`e df `ed ine ,`"ahixde `zeeax jpd exingdy mewna lwdl eci z`e ey`x .l"kr ,`zaxab

zlaw didz m` s`y ,rixkdy izcnl eixacne ,dliahd `idy zecdid xwir n"n ,c"a ipta zeevn hewpp elit`e ,q"zgd y"nke 'b ipta zeidl dkixv dliaha 'b n"n ,m"anxdke akrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y .xwird edfy ,opira

ilecb zrc ok mipexg`d m"xdn ,y"cngd l"`xdne ,xpfet upiv

('l-h"k 'iq) c"ei dnly zcng z"eya k"ke ,zeevnd zlaw `id `id zecdi myl dliahdy ,envr ipta cnrn zeevnd zlaw `dzy v"`e 'iq) xi`n zia z"eya l"vf xpfet m"xdn k"ke zlaw xwir r"eyde xehd 'qezd zrcly (a"i leahl c"aa dilr zlawny dna `id zeevnd z"eya w'veltn upiv l"`xdn k"ke ,zexb myl `id zexbd xwirc ('p 'iq c"ei a"g) ytp zaiyn ,zeevn zlawe zrced `la elit` dliahe dlin .a"yr

zakrn zeevnd zrcede zlaw oi`y xaeq oeyy `"xdn oe`bd mb


.a"yr ,"zakrn dpi` zeevn
aex zrc ilecbe mipey`xd oi`y mipexg`d zeevn zlaw zexbd zakrn

mb azk g"p`xdn ixac zehytky ,cer rcze aygpe ,i"ad oxn xg`ly xeca) oeyy `"xdn eny rcep cgeinae ,xec eze` iwqet ilecbn hhevn `ede ,ipica l`enyk htyn oyeg ipiipra zxez z"eya (lrye crv lk lr htyn oyega oecipl jiiyy dn ezaeyzn `ia`e ,('k 'iq) zn` ocic oecpa d`xp did ok m`e" :l"fe ,ocic zlaw dt did `ly t"r`e ,dlired dliahdy `ly xb b"it seqa m"anxd azk xak ,zeevn oypere zeevnd edericed `ly e` 'eke eixg` ewca ,"xb df ixd zeheicd dyely ipta lahe lne i` `ied ,zeevnd zrced i` ,axdly ixd .k"r dt did `lyk m"anxdly wiice ,zeevnd zlaw dze`a my cer k"ke ,akrn epi` zeevnd zlaw `l elit` zeevnd zlaw la`" :l"fe daeyzd m"anxd zrcl dfn k"b cenlpe ,'eke ipdn mlaw ,zeevnd laiw `ly i`ceea eprci elit`y l"f axd ixac `iade ,'eke "dil opixykn ikd elit` zlawy o`kn d`xp ixd" ,my miiqe ,k"ky cibnd

,ixi`nde ,sqei iwenpde ,`"ahixdy xg` k"`e (yealde) ,oeyy `"xdne ,g"p`xdne ,cibnd axde oi`c yexita eazk ,cere ,m"anxd zrca g"ade f"acxd mby onwl `ia`e ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw `ly mipexg`d mze` ixac inq ok m` ,ok azk ep` mditn xy` mipey`xd ixac iptn ,ok eazk .miig

`"xdnd ixac oeyy

oia wlgl oi` zeevn zlaw dnkn drcedl minrh

drcedd oi`c idpc ediizhiyl miwqet dnk y"ne epgkedy dnn cal ,zakrn dlawd n"n zakrn `ed `l` envr ipta cnrn zeevn zlaw oi`y lirl eilr dze`y edericedy zeevn zvwn zrced lr xfeg mipey`x miwqetd lk eazk df lrye ,lawl cer ,zakrn zeevn zlawe zrced oi`y mipexg`e lr lawi ji`c okzi `l df xacc zehyta xnel yi ,melk edericed `ly `kid dlaw ezlaw didze envr zrced epze eaxr miwqetd mze` lky mb dn akrn epi` edlekae ,zeevnd zlaw mr zeevnd .heyte

-
epiid ,zakrn zeevn zlawy oxne xehd y"n yexty g"p`xdn k"kye dlired `l zexbdy `le ycgn dlaw aey ekixvdl
ixac zpeeka zxg` jxca `eal dvex ip` dzre 'qezd ixac z` `iad i"aa oxn ixdy ,xehd dligzkle eazky ,df oicl xewnd mdy y"`xde ,inc xity caric `d (dyely `la ipdn) `lc `ed ied dliahe ,oic zligzk ied zeevnd zlaw inp i` opirac `ed opaxcne ,dlila elit` iedc oic xnbk dyixtd oiiv envr df z`e .l"kr ,dligzkl meia zeevnd zlawn ueg azky ,xehd c"r ('k ze`) .zakrny oiiprl o`k eyexit oi`c ,`pin` `pitzqnc ilele eze`a envr oxn ixaca dxizq epl didi f`y ,caric y"`xd y"nke li`edc ,dligzkla l"x `l` ,oniqd zeevnd ericedle ,meia jixv jkl ,oic zligz iedc ycgn edericeie ,akrn zeevnd laiw `l m`e mlawle meia edericeiy owzl leki lwac ,df `la ibq `lc edericed `l m` n"ne ,iyew lk dfa oi`y ,lawie
zakrn yext dligzkl epiid

akrn epi` ,aey ericedl dzr jiiy `le llk .carica


g"p`xdn k"ky

zxg` jxc ixac zpada oxne xehd

z"eya yextd df oirk c"qa izi`x iz`vne daeyz dze` jeza azky .l"pd (a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn : l"fe jk o"anxd ixac yxtl ,daeyzd seqa dkex` mcew dliahc dligz azky dny d`xp eixac llkn i`d idkac carica epiid ,caric elit` akrn dlin oiicre ,'eke o"anxd iziincn ,owzl xyt`y `peeb za ycwy oebk owzl xyt` i`c caricac xnel xyt` epiid ,akrn yexit axdlc ixd ,k"r ,xb ied ,l`xyi mipwzn owzl xyt`y dn lky avna dligzkl akrn ab`e ,zexbd lhale leqtle `aekir oiprl `l la` mneiwl oiipr zeevnd zlaw yextd oi`y dfn cnlp zexbd didzy icke zexbd dyrnn wlgk `l` k"g` gike`y enke zeevnd lawie rciy opira ynn ezrcn .w'ece onwl cer

ycgn dzeyrl jixvy epiid zakrn yxtn yeald mby


zil`xyi `ype 'eke dlila lahe lne jlde ,opick .l"kr ,dil opilqt `l ,oa dpnn cilede
ixacn dlerd yeald

,(b"q g"qx 'iq) yeald xtqa ef jxc oirk iz`vne m` zakrny zeevnd zlawn uegc oxn ixack azky carica elit` m"anxde s"ixdle ,dylyae meia dpi` xeq`e akrn dlila e` mipy ipta ln e` lahy lr i`wc dil `xiaqe ,dia aizk htync zil`xyia iabl lk jkitle ,dliahe dline zeevn zlaw lr ,lkd ipta lahe lny it lr s`y dligzkl ied ,dicic dliahe zixa mc zthd zeyrle xefgl leki ixd ,mipy cr zil`xyi el oi`iyn oi` jkitl ,'b ipta zxg` zlgzk dil ied dicic iabc ,dyly ipta myrie xefgiy dilr law m` la` ,meiae dyely ipta `l` epi`y oic zevn zvwn edericede ,leahle lenl dyly ipta

jled yeald mb ef jxca

zrced epiid zeevn zlawc `cg ,eixacn epcnl "akrn"c eze ,l"pk m"anxd zenzqke zeevnd zrced dze` meia ycgn zeyrl jixvy epiid ,xn`wc oi` df `lac ,dlgzklk ied dicic iablc ,zeevnd epi` caricay oiprl `l la` ,zil`xyi el oi`iyn yeald `icdl dazke ,mixb mlek dkld ixdc ,xb akrnc g"p`xdnd ixac oirk `ede ,(a"iq) onwl i"r xacd owzl jixvy oiprl epiid r"ya `zi`c `la xeibd dyr m`y dpeekd oi` la` ,ycgn eziiyr .21 `id `lc ,xb ied `le carica akrn f` ,llk df

12. " " " )" "(, " ' . " " "" " )"( )" "(, " , " , ' , , " , " , " , " " ,

ogley xtqa eklen i"xdn oe`bd y"nn gikedl yi oke `l m`e oxn y"n lry ,(b"l w"q g"qx 'iq) deab heyt df d"d y"n itl x`al azk ,xb df ixd edericed ixd ,y"r 'eke caric zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y zehyt md jk ,ok m`e ,akrn `l caricay el heyt miwqetd x`ye yealde oxn m"anxd mipey`xd ixac
deab oglyd mb caricac yxtn `zrced oi zakrn zeevnd r"eyd zrcl mb

oe`bd ixac z` ep`ad lirle ,wetwt ila mixb mleky dnc ,lkd zvxzn mkxc d"`lay dinirce j"gxt axd ixb `le mzq mixb epiid ,mixb mlek carica exn`y ,'eke ezte epii oipra mdn xdfil jixv oiicry ,wcv zeidl dkixvy zevnd zlaw mb akrn df oiprlc .md mixb carica r"kl edine ,irack

, , " ) '( , , , . " " " " , ", " ' , , ' , " , ' , " " " ', , '. " " , ', ", , , , ", , " ", ' , )" "( " , : "" ", ", ', " ", " " ', " " , ', , , ' , , " , , , " ' , , ' , , " . " ", " , ' , " , , , , , , , ". " , , " ', " , , " " ' " , " , , , , " ", , , , , , ", " " ' , " " " , ' , , " , , , ", " , ' , " ", "" , , ' ' , , , , ' )" "( " , " , " , " " ' , ) " " (. " " " " ' " )" "( , , , , , " ', " , , , ' , , , .

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mzwelgn mrhe ,eixg` miwcea m` xiibzdl `ay xba m"anxde xehd zwelgn xe`a

carica j` ,zlrez meyn xiibl oi` dligzklc r"ya .ipdn


mixne`y xehdl oi` zi`x dn el eixg` miwcea m"anxdle miwcea

eixg` oiwceay oicd azk `l a"q g"qx 'iq xeha `b"it) a"eqi` 'lda m"anx y"nk daiq meyl `a m xiibzdl `ayke 'nbd zehytk azk wx ,(c"id `'w 'iq) wgvi zia z"eya azke ,zi`x dn el mixne `xehd `iad `lcnc ,zwelgn ied d`xp itky ,('c ze `l xnelk ,dil riny `lc rnyn m"anxd oeyl oeik n"n ,ok l"q `l xehd m` s`e ,dil `xiaq rawed ,ok wqt i"aae ikd l"q ikcxnde m"anxdc

``ed xba oicd xehdly epcnl eixac itl mle xn` m`e ,mixacd zehytke zi`x dn el mixne`y oi`e ,daiq meyl `ay ol ztki` `le ,ibq ip` rcei yxtn m"anxdy l"i mpn`e ,llk eixg` df xac oiwcea eixg` oiwceay l"x ,zi`x dn el mixne` 'nba y"ny inia mixb elaw `l k"b okle ,22 df oic `ived dfne

xehd ixac m`a m"anxde xbd xg` oiwcea r"eyd zrxkde

' ", " )" "( " ", , ' " , )"( , , ' , " " , " ', . " , , ' , . " " , ', , ', , ' , ', " " " , , , , " " , . " )" ' "( , , , , , , ' " , , , " , , , , , " , , " )' "( ' , " , , ", " " )' '(, , , , , , " , , , , , " ", " , ' ' , " , , ) "( , , " , ', " " , " " , , , ' " ' , , ". . ' ' " )' "(, , , , , . , , , , , . . , " " " " .
22.

daiq meyl mi`a eidy (e"r sc zenai) dnlye cec .oilawn oi` dligzkle `ay in mb eixacl i`n` xehd lr 'w dxe`kle dn oirke ,eze` oixiibne ol ztk` `l daiq meyl zeywdl oi`e :l"fe xiibzdl `ayke d"ca g"ad wcwcy c"k sc) zenaic a"ta `pwiq` `d el`eyl ol dnl edin ,mixb ied caricac b"r`c l"i .mixb mlekc (a"r
xehd lr diyew

'ldc b"itq m"anxd azkck mlawl ie`x oi` dligzkl .l"kr (i"w 'q) ikcxn zedbde a"eq`
uexz

'iq c"ei) xk`nheb `"xdn z"eya y"ntr l"t`e ,e`xwp zeheicd oipic iza edlekc `pci`dc ,(et `xneg oi`e dnly inia eidy el`k mixb lawl mixzen xehd ly enrh mb edfy xyt`e .y"r ,llk dfa .eixg` oiwceay oicd hinydy

m"anxde xehd zwelgny xnel xyt` zakrn zeevnd zlaw m`a mzwelgna dielz xbd xg` miwcea m`a
lawiy opira t"kr n"nc ,daiql `ay opirci i` 'it`e xiibzdl epevx lr dgiken zevnd ezlawy ,zeevnd ztk` `l daiql `a m`e ,miny myl iede icedi zeidle eede dnlye cec inia exiibzpy mitl` p"w enk ,ol elawiy xwirde "mixb mlek" oicd caricac ,mixb ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y ,m"anxdl la` ,zeevnd miny myl `ly `a m` eixg` wecal t"kr yi okl .w'ece daiq meyle ediinrhl ilf` m"anxde xehdc ,cer l"t` ile`e xehd dpdc ,`l e` zakrn zeevnd zlaw m` zwelgna eznerle ,zakrn zeevn zlawc y"`xde 'qezdk wqt ewca `le zevnd edericed `la s`c wqt m"anxd dlawd oi`c m"anxdl okle ,xb ied carica eixg` t"kr ira okl ,eixg` dwicad enk carica zakrn zakrn zeevn zlawc xehdl la` ,wcaiy dligzkl ,ol ztk` `l ewca `l m` s` okl ,zexba ceqi `ide
lr sqep uexz xehd

zeevn zlawl e` dliahl 'b opira m`a 'qezde m"anxd zwelgn e`l m` zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw m` mipey`xd zwelgna dielz
`eti` `vei ,`"ayxd 'iga k"ke ,k"r ,dyely ipta didz m` s` dliahd iptl zeevn zlawy o"anxdly ,dyely ipta dliahd didz `l m` ,dyely ipta ,`"ahixd c"ke ,zexbl zeevn zlaw aygz `l p"ke ,zelecb zekld lrae i"nbd ,b"nqd ,i"wnpd wiic oke ,('d ze` g"d) f"`ix iwqtn n"ke ,ixi`ndn s`y xaeqy m"xdnd ly oey`x uexizn g"ad s"ixd zrck edfe ,dirxfl dil opilqt carica 'b opira dliahay f"hw oie`l b"nqde m"anxde z"eyae ('c 'iq 'a llk) l"aixdn oiire ,`aekirl oia dliaha oia 'b opira mlerlc (c"n 'iq) ax mgl zrcede zeevnd zlawe .`aekirl zeevn zlawa zlaw jl oi` 'b ipta leahzyke ,jd epiid zeevnd irac eazky mipey`xd ik xnel c"rlp ,a"eik `"ahixd zhiya d`xpk ilf` ,`aekirl dliaha 'b dinirce (`"r `"i) zeaezkae (`"r f"n) zenaia cnrne oipr oi`y xnelk ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y drcedd mr dliahd `l` ,zeevnd zlawl cgein ixacn dl `pin`e ,zexbd dyrn `id (dzla 'it`e) edericedy in ,azky (a"r d"n) zenai o"anxd lenl c"aa eilr lawe zeevn ly oiyper zvwn xyk f"d ,c"a ipta `ly lahe lne jlde ,leahle za dicicle dil opiaqpn `le ,dirxfl opilqt `le oia dlawa oia dyely ipta lahc cr l`xyi oiaiyen dy` (a"r f"n) onwl opixn`ck dliaha ynn dliah zrya zeevn zlaw opirac `nl` ,'eke
sqep xe`a zwelgna 'qezde m"anxd

" " " , , , ..


dlecb dlaw jl oi` 'ba dliahy g"p`xdndk e` .efn
m` n"wtp ipta `ly dliah zakrn 'b

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oeyy `"xdn ,(a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn] efn dlecb zeevn ,`qib jci`le .[(e"t 'iq c"g) f"acxd ,('k 'iq) ,dlah `l in d"c (a"r d"n) zenai 'qezdk miwqetd m` s` 'b ipta dlaw m`e zakrn zeevnd zlawc xehde y"`xd mde ,ipdn 'b ipta `ly dlah `ly s` dliah opivnc ilf` mzhiyl ,ediinirce ziiyew zngn dfe ,zeevnd zlaw xwirdc ,'b ipta ipta `ly zlaehy oiyxtny ,dzcipl dlah `l in dyw `l ,akrn dliaha 'by xaeqy in mle` ,'b axd y"nk oiyxtne ,dcp zliahn icin `le el in yexita ,cere ulegd wxt i"wnpde (my) cibnd k"`e ,y"r eixwl lah `l in dzcpl dlah `l didz m`e ,'ba zeevn zlaw `le zakrn 'ba dliahd ,xb epi` ,'ba dliah `la 'ba zeevn zlaw edcicl zeevnd zlawe ,xb ied drced `la xba dliah la` mircei mlek zeevnd llkc ixi`ndk e` dzpada yi ,zeevn zlaw mb `linn dpaen zecdil dqipkc epiide

,zeevnd zlaw oiprl mipey`xd zwelgn xwirae m` oiprl dpin `wtp didz zwelgnd dze` jezn dpd iniiwce 'qezdly ,'b ipta `ly xbd z` eliahd oie`l) b"nqde s"ixd m"anxdl la` ,xb ied ediinr f"tle ,mdixaca wiicl g"ad k"ke ,xb ied `l (f"hw `linn ,`aekirl dliaha 'b irac mixaeqd lkc ,l"t`

g"ad xe`a itl b"nqd mby `vei zlaw oi`y xaeq zakrn zeevn zexbd

ied zexbd xwire ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y mixaeq itl `et` `veie ,`aekirl 'b da jixv okle dliahd zeevn zlaw oi`y mixaeqd oia b"nqd mby ,g"ad .zakrn zevnd zlaw ik oiapy ick ,z`f yibcn ip`

dfn dlerd `id dlawdy cxtp izla wlg drceddn

oi` ,oiyeciwa `kd mbe zenaia mb mdixaca zxkfpd drcedde dlawd ik ,drceddn cxtp edynl dpeekd ,drcedd myl laeh `ede el oiricenyky ,cg` mpipr .zeevnd zlaw edf

`aekirl 'b irac `ed dfae ,`id `cg zeevn zlawe zrcedc wiicl yi xehd oeyln
.xb iede ipdn dliah zrya dlawde drcedd
jxev epl oi`y meiwl `pcne`a mb zeevnd r"eyde xehdl

oia xbd ipiipr lky azk g"qx 'iq xehd dpde ,dliahd oiae dlind oia ,mlawl zeevnd ericedl edine ,meiae oecl mixykd dylya didzy jixv ueg ,xb ied 'eke carica la` ,dligzkl `wec ,dyelyae meia epi` m` zakrny zevnd zlawn ,lirl 'qezd zhiy epyxty dn itle ,i"aa oiire ericedl" epeyla gzty ,inp xeha wiicl mewn yi eze` miricenyky ezpeekc ,"mlawl zeevnd m` zakrn zeevnd zlawy k"g` y"n edf ,mlawl `id ,zeevnd zlaw `id dne ,meia dzid `l dzid m`y mixacd ixwira dcen `ed mbe ,drcedd

dna zepcne`d ipic lk xba mipexg`d epcy dne wlg e` lkd miiwl oiekzn m`e envr lr lawny epcnrdy dn itle ,`kd i"yx ixac zehytn ,cere ,mipexg`d x`ye xehd ediizhiya iniiwce 'qezd ixac r"ya oxne) xehd oeyl hytk hewpp m` mb k"` dpeekd ,zakrn zeevn zlawy (dfa epeyl wizrdy drcedd mr dliahd didzy e` ,izyxity enk `id oi`e ,`aekirl `id 'ba drceddy zegtd lkl e` ,'ba miiwl lawn dn zrc ocne` oiprl zekiiy mey dfl .llk drcedd zlaw xzeq df oi`e ,k"g`

xehdl mby drcedd zlaw zlaw `id zeevnd

jd epiid zeevn zlawe zeevn zrcedy oian dyn ikxca `"nxd epiax mb
s`e ,`"ahixd oeyl zehytn rnyn okye ,'eke zi`x zlawy b"qa y"na ok epyxt r"eyd oxn ixaca ok yxtl jgxk lr zn`ae ,carica zakrn zeevnd
lr xirn `"nxd wqty dny i"ad oi`y i"wnpdk zeevnd zrced z` xzeq zakrn xehd zrc

xkfp `l m"anxd zrcly wiicl izazk lirl dpde ixg` `l` ,cxtp cnrne byenk zeevnd zlaw llk zexenge zelw zvwne zcd ixwir eze` oiriceny xne`y ,mikqn xnelk ,envr lr lawn epiid ,lawne dlawy x`azde ,oilne oiliahn eze` oilawn cin ,od jynd `id eznkqd `l` ,zcxtp dcigi dpi` ef dne z`a dn iptn edepl`y xy`k ligzdy jildzd

oxn zrcy m"anxdk r"eyd zeevnd zlawy lr dnkqdd `id zeevn zrced

dlin m"anxd oeylk hrnk wizrd r"eya oxny xg`n oxn dfa jynp zeevn zlaw oiipray zn` od ,dlina epax zn`ae ,yexita ok azky ,xehd oeyl xg` `iady dn lr xird ,('` ze`) dyn ikxca `"nxd

m`y `z`eeaxc `xaq (l"pd) sqei iwenipd ixac i"aa xirde ,lecb llk wxta n"kye akrn epi` edericed `l ixdy ,ok rnyn `l xehd epiax ixaca onwlc n"cd dxe`kl `vnp ezxrd itle .k"r ,dyelya elit` akrn ,m"anxd oeylk wizrd a"qay ,oxn ixaca dxizq `iade .cin eze` oilawne 'eke zi`x dn el mixne`y akrn epi` edericed `l m`y i"ad 'ky (b"wq) j"yd onwl envr oxny siqen ip`e .y"r mipexg`d ede`iade envr xezqi oxny okzid k"`e .y"r ,dwqt (a"iq) `l ,df xikfd `ly xehd lr `nlyae .sirql sirqn yxetna azk `l dfd oniqd lk jxe`ly ,icin dyw la` ,mlawe zeevnd edericed `l m` ipdn caricay `l m` ,'b sirqa azky dna eixac eqpxtzi ji` ,oxn epax zdinz mvrn n"ne .lirl izazky enk yxtzy zeevnd zrcedy oiady oaen ,dyn ikxca `"nxd l"aixdn z"eya r"re .heyte `id cg zeevnd zlawe `xaqd z`fye dfa xehd ixac lr dnzy (a"i 'iq `"g) .23 y"r ,o`nk `lc `id ze` `"kw 'iq) `"g wgvi zgpn z"eya azky dne denz `edc (l"pd) dyn ikxca `"nxd epiax lr ('` ohxta zeevnd zrced oia wlgl yiy `hiyt ixdc irae akrnc ollka zeevnd zlaw oial akrn epi`y dn itle .y"r ,sqei iwenpd lr mb my dnze ,c"a o`kn daxc` ,mipey`xd ixacn cer aezk`e izazky gken n"ca `"nxd epiax ly eziiyew mvrne envr
lr ddinz ly ezdinz wgvi zgpnd zgpnd zdinz ikxcd lr wgvi dyn `"nxdn mb xaeqy gken oia lcad oi`y zeevnd zrced zeevn zlawl ztqep ddinz oxn lr

axdn die`xd dlignd zywa xg` okle ,cg` lkdc mz ,xary xeca miaiynd ilecbn didy wgvi zgpn zegcl epxec oa oe`b ly egek dnc rc` `le ip` ixace sqei iwenpd lrak oey`x ixac jk lk zehiyta dil opiadi i` s` ixde ,r"eyd ilran `"nxd epiax xexa ixd ,ezdinze eziiyewa wgvi zgpndl dilic lk dgpdd lhal el did xzeie ,`py `l mzrcly el epizeax lr aezkle diehp rexfa zeywdln ,gipdy daxd lr cer xirdl yi a"eike ,midenz mdixacy cenlza oicd zeceqi lkn llkae ,ok ehwpy mipexg` yxit m"anxde ,mixb mlek caricac gken m"anxdae `la elit`e ,zeheicd 'ba elit`e rcepa elit`c epl rnzynd dgcp dnle ,df lk wqt oxne ,edericed oxne xehd eazky dn iptn ,zekldd lk zehytn mixacd qetzl yiy idi elc ,zakrn zeevn zlawy x`azdy dn itl llk gxken epi`y dn] mheytk ie`x ,cg` dpwa dler df oi`y mewna ,[x`azie ,mixg`d mitirqa mdig` xzi mr mixacd mi`zdl mipey`x miwqetd ilecb zrc oky ep`vn ixdy zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y dyrnl dkld mipexg`e dligzklc wxe ,lirl epkx`dy enke xb ezeid oiprl ep` oiicr ezte epii oiprlc e` ,owzl xyt`ae opira oe`bd eazky enke ezwcv xxazzy cr ircenl mikixv ,lirl mdixac iz`ady dinirce dpedk igxt z"ey lra zeevn zlaw oi`y m"anxd ixac zehyty mb dn .opiytn `l `zbelt iyet`e ,zakrn

32. " " " ' ' ) '( ": " " ' , " " ' , " ' ' ', , " " ' " ", " , , " ', " ' " " ": ', " ' " " " ,' ', " " . " , " ' ' " '", " " " ', " " ' , " " " ' , ' " " , " ', " " " ', " " ', , " ', , " , ' , ', , ' , . ', " ".


xg` wqet dfi` e` xehd zrcy xird `le mzqa sqei zeevn zrcedy l"pd sqei iwenpd zrck l"qc ,ok dpi` .l"we ,zakrn dpi`

-
zrcy oiany ,l"pd `"nxd epax ixacn gken cer `l xehdnc xird jkitle ,sqei iwenpd zrck i"ad oxn iwenpd ixac `iady i"adlc l"qc gkene ,ok rnyn

`"nxd ixacn oiany gken i"ad oxn zrcy oi`y i"wnpdk zeevn zrced zakrn

l"pd n"cd ixac lr biydy dna zn` zty oe`bd ixac lr dxrd
(a"r f"n zenai) `"ahixd 'iga k"ke ,(a"r g"q zay) mb eixac lr xfge ,xiibzpy xb ziibeqn wiicl dhiy mya zvaewn dhiya azke ,(a"r `"i) zeaezka dn k"`e ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y yexita ,dpyi xg` ,i"wnpd ixaca yxtl zn` ztyd rivdy dyw k"`y ,i"wnpd zpeek ef oi` dax dlignd ztyd zrcl ezhiy gikedl i"wnpd `ay mewnny xiibzpy xb ziibeqn zakrn dpi` zeevn zrced wxy oi`y mzhiy l"pd mipey`xd migiken miiebd oia zn` ztyd y"n yxtl oi`e] ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y i"pd zrca oiad i"ady l"x "i"ad zpeek oiady" lr xfeg "eilr wleg okle" ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw wlegy i"adl epivn okidc denz i`ce dfc ,i"a axd
mipey`xd oi`y mixaeqd zeevn zlaw l"q ,zakrn zlaw oi`y dlecb zeevn dliahdn

'iq c"ei xeh seqa qtcpd zn` zty xtqa izi`xe axd ixac zpeeka uxzl azky ,xe`nd z`veda g"qx llka lawiy ,zakrn dlawdc i`ce n"nc ,sqei iwenip dnize miiqe ,mhxt rcei epi`y s` zeevn b"ixz lk okle zakrn dlawd oi`c i"ad zpeek oiady n"cd lr .c"kr ,ok dpeekd oi` zn`ae ,eilr wleg zln ,"i"ad zpeeky oiady" y"nc xirdl yie "eilr wleg okle" ,i"pd l"ve q"h `idy d`xp i"ad i"wnpd oia zwelgn dfa yiy l"xc ,xehdl ezpeek zakrn zeevn zlawd oi` i"wnpdlc ,xehd oial zn` ztyd dfle ,'ba zeidl jixve zakrn xehdle b"ixzd lk llka lawl aiig i"wnpdl s`c uxzl dvex .24 akrn dfe mhxt rcei epi`y s` rnyn epeylnc ,wcwecn epi` epeyl dxe`kle df oi`y zn`ae ,zillk zeevn zlaw opira xehdlc zeevn zvwn wx eze` miricen xehdl s`y ,oekp wx zxg` dlaw jiiy `lc ,mlawiy zexenge zelw ,lawne rceie rnyy dnnc ,lawn edericedy dny zrca yxtl azky dn la` ,rcei epi`y dnl oiap dpd ,`aekrle zillk dlaw ira dicicl s`c i"wnpd azk i"wnpd ixdy ,mixac ly mzehiytn `vei df lecb llk wxtn di`x `iade ,zakrn drcedd oi`y

ztyd xe`a zrca zn` ezdinze i"wnpd `"nxd lr f"tl dyn ikxca

q"h yiy d`xp ztyd oeyla zn`

ixaqc mipey`xd lky x`al jixve ,[25 i"wnpd lr lny oeikc edl `xiaq ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y enke ,zeevnd zlaw df llka ied ,zecdi myl laehe myl dliahay (a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn mya izazky eazk df oirke ,efn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` zecdi z"eya upiv l"`xdne ('le h"k 'iq) dnly zcngd zia z"eya xpfet n"xdne ,(p 'iq a"g) ytp zaiyn ,(c"r 'nr a"i 'iq) milyexi oekn z`veda n"cpd xi`n .l"nk`e mipexg` cer k"ke .y"r

ztyd lr dxrd zpada zn` xehd

zpad lr ddinz zn` ztyd i"wnpd ixaca

dliahe dlin ied xeibd xwirc mipexg`d zexeca d`xedd ilecbn xbelw y"xdn oe`bd zrc
`lc s` ,zexb myl lahe ln m`e ,'eke dliahe ,i`ceea dxezd on xb ied ,dligz zeevn ler laiw ,c"kr ,opaxc wx ied dligz zeevn ler zlawy mrh aeh z"eya xbelw y"xdn azk df oirke zlawc :l"fe (`"iw 'iq) a"g 'b dxecdn zrce dlin ied zexbd xwire xiykn wx ied zeevnd
dnkqdd `id xiibzdl zeevnd zlaw

42. , " , " , " , , " ', ' . , " " ., ) ( " " ". . " ' " ' ' ' .
.25


zlaw ixg`y


y"n mr miler mixacde

dneca k"ke ,c"ehehd y"na cer xac` onwle .y"r zhiyl daeyzd seqa (a"i 'iq) xi`n zia z"eya `ied zeevnd zlaw xwirc ,r"eyde xehde zetqezd .y"r ,zexb myl leahl c"aa dilr zlawny dna

,lirl

oiliahn f` ,"laiw m`" y"nk eznkqde zercedd llka ,dnkqd epiidc dlaw dze` ied ok m` ,oilne .zeevnd zlaw zxcbd

xwirc ,dpy miyinge miiz`nk iptln mipencwd ewexn-qpwn inkgn o`xni`n dyn 'x oe`bd zrc xb ied drced xa `lc ohwa okle ,zakrn zeevn zrced oi`e dliahe dlin `id zexbd
f"acxd oeyl zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn

(e"t 'iq) c"g daeyza f"acxdl iz`vn oke m` ik dpi` oypere zeevnd zvwn zrcedy azky ,`ed xenb xb carica la` ,xgaend on devnl zlawe zeevnd zrcedc gken i"kn ely daeyzae 'lda m"anxd ixac zehytke ,md cg zeevnd xi`n zia z"eya k"ke ,(f"id b"it) d`ia ixeqi` 'iq) upiv l"`xdnl ytp zaiyn z"eyae (a"i 'iq) .('p

epax ,ewexn-qpwn inkgn oencw oe`bl iz`vn oke ,e"nwz-h"vz mipyd oia igy ,o`xni`n dyn xb jl oi`c" :l"fe azky `"i sc zeaezkl eiyeciga edericeiy jixv xbc b"r` xnelk ,dliahe dlin `la ohw s` okle ,ezexb akrn df oi` ,zeevnd xkye yper `la xb jl oi` ,dliah la` ,xb ied ,drced xa e`lc `le eyextk enzqe .l"kr ,`"ahix oiir ,dliahe dlin .w'ece zeevnd zlaw z` llk xikfd

oe`bd ixac dyn 'x oencwd o`xni`n

xba dlindy lbp` i"xdne f"acxd ixac l`xyi zyecwl ezqipkn dliahde ,ieb z`nehn ez`iven
b"g) f"acxd z"eya ixack ynn iz`vn zrke ,zei`xa ez`iven dlind ,xba dliahe dlinc 'ky (f"iwzz 'iq lke ,l`xyi llkl ezqipkn dliahde ,m"ekr z`nehn ,ezeigdl devne ,m"ekr llkn `vi ,lah `le lny onf ,leahiy cr `a `l l`xyi llkle ,`nh oiia erbn oi`e .l"kr lbp` sqei iaxl q"yd ipeilba izi`x zn`ae 'a zexinb jixvy ,azky (`"r e"n sc) zenail edfe ,l`xyi ezeyrde ,zeizekd zxqd ,zelert zxqn dlxrd zxqd ik ,dliahde dlind milrety ,rcepk dyecw zpzep dliahde ,zeizekd aeriz iyeciga dfa izkx`de ,'eke l`xyi zeidl ezycwne
lbp` i"xdn ixac f"acxde

zexbd xwiry ,libpr i"xbde f"acxd zrca cer x`al yi zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y l"q okle f"ra dxitke 'da dpen`d `id
dpen`d `ed zcde zecdid xwir ixde ,a"yr ,icedi m"anxd y"nk dfd xaca xbl oikix`n okle ,'da ,cibnd axd xiaqdy itke ,y"r (a"d c"it) daeyza f"acxd zxcbdke ,dpen`d eilr lawnyke ,epenk zeidl eilr lawny l"f lbpr i"xdn xikfdy icedi ipixd xne`y (f"qz 'iqa) y"ayxd y"nk e` zrced dzid `l m` 'it` ixdy ,dil ibq ,dnecke z` law m` y"ke ,xb ied carica ,mzlawe zeevn .dpen`d ixwir f"acxd ixaca cer x`al yi ,l"pd mixacd itle 'da dpen`d `id zexbd xwiry l"qc libpr i"xbde ly ezrc recn xzei oaen f"tlc ,f"ra dxitke mb edfe ,zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`c f"acxd lahe lny lky (a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn ixac ceqi xyt`e .efn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` zecdi myl lky ,(`"r b"i) dlibna 'nbd c"tr ,cer xiaqdl i"xdn z"eya dfn wiice ,icedi `xwp f"ra xtekd ixwin `l f"r caerc df llknc ,(d"lw 'iq) `pexa
zrca sqep xe`a i"xbde f"acxd libpr


dfe ,dz`pde dipnnqe dixfia`e f"rd xeqi` `ed izin`d zenai rciedi oa 'dl oiire , zexbd ceqie xwir `ed ).(a"r f"n
62

-
,zexbd xwir zeevnd zlawn eyry yiy itle epi`e mniiwl zeaiigzd epiid zeevnd zlawy miyxtne xwird ik yibcdl jixv ,dfa epkx`d xy`k c"rl oekp

`id zexbd xwir f"ra dxitkd dpen`de

62. " " " , " " " ' -, ". " ' " )" ' '( : " , " ", ", ", ' " , , ' ", ", , ", ". " ' " " " " ", " " " ", ' ", , ". " " ' " ": " , ) " "(, ', ', ' ) ' "( ? " , : " " ) ,( : " ' ". " ' , , " . , , ' , ". " , " " " , " , , , " , " " , " , , , . , " " ", " , " " ' ", ' , " " , ", , . " , " " " " ' ", ", , ) " (, " " )' "(, . , " ", " )"( ": , " ' ' " ) (, , . ) " "(, , , , , , . " , , , , , , " )" ' ", (. , . , " " ) (, , ". " " ": ', , , " ' ", , , , ". " , , " " ", , , " " " )' -( , ". " ", " , , , . .


,zeix` ixbl mizek oia xyid xtqa z"xl weligd xe`a

zegtl ezexb zrya f"rn yxtl ,ezexb zrya mb f"rn yxt `ly in oia wlgny
dlre lahc `weicn ,(a"r f"n) zenaia x`eank xfg m`c dpin `wtpe ,xac lkl l`xyik `id ixd t"krc gxken n"n ,xnen l`xyi dil ded exeql ,zexbd xwir dfy ,f"rn ixnbl yxt ,zexbd zrya mb k"` ,f"r car dnvr zexbd zryayk la` exeql xfgyke ,xiibzp dnac ,zaygp `l zexbd ,xiibzp `l mlernc `zlin i`lbi` ,f"r xeqi`a zryay in iwet`l `ed ,exeql xfg hwpy dne xnen l`xyic ,exeql xfge ixnbl xb did zexbd ,f"r car zexbd zrya mb m` k"`yn ,ixwn o'dti `"xbd zxrda y"ne ,xb ied `l ,da jiynde " 'x xne`y" (648 dxrd) c"k zenail `"ahixd lr meiw oiprl] (i"w 'iq) zenai ikcxnd zdbdk l"q xake .ok azk wecwca `ly ,[zexbd ixg` zeevnd envr `ed mbe ,miyw ikcxn zedbd ixacy epazk d`xp `l eizeaxn mbye ,eyecg lr jnq `l izazky dn onwl oiir mizekd oic xwirae .eixack .dfa cer exn`y mze` ik dpeekdc d`xp ,df uexizle zeix`d zngny epiid ,"mixb mlek dkld" mda ,mixb mpi`y jpde ,zecdia ekiynde ixnbl exiibzp eid zexb zrya s`c ,ixnbl exiibzp `l mlern ,mxeql exfg zexbd ixg`e ,mdidl` z` micaer xb ied exeql xfgy xba `ed oicdc s`c l"xe
z"x ixac xe`a l"pd

'iq) mz epaxl xyid xtqay dn x`ean dfae oipra 'qezd ziiyew z` ayiil azk ,(a"nwz ixb mizek ,`yexit ikdc ,'x xne`e :l"fe ,mizekd aizkck ,zeix` cgtn exiibzpy mixen`d md ,zeix` j` ,exiibzp mcgtn ,'ebe "zeix`d z` ma glyie" eid 'd z`" (bl,fi a-mikln) aizkc ,mxeql exfg mixenb miebe ,"micaer eid mdidl` z`e ,mi`xi cgtn lke lkn exiibzpy ,zenaic edpde ,md mlek dkld edpdae ,mzdc edpdc `inec zeix`d oi`e ,eid zeix` ixb ipin ipy ,eixac itle ,mixb .l"kr ,d`xp

xtqa z"x oeyl oipra xyid zeix` ixb mizek

zeevn zvwn wx zrcedl daiqd


ecxehl `eai `ly ick eilr oigixhn oi`e oikix`n caekdn drzxdd xnelk ,drx jxcl daeh jxcn zaiq t"kre ,xiibzdl aehd epevxn epwigxz iyewde iziid `l rcei iziid eli` oerhi `ly `id drcedd eze` oiriceny mrhdc ,ycg zia axd azke ,xiibzn zexnegd ernya yexti `nyc ,zeevn zvwn ,zeevnd xkye zelw eze` oiricenc `de ,oiyperde edericei `l m`e ,minyl ezpeek `nyc `nrh epiid `xiy ezehdle ecxehl oinxeb ,zeevn xkye zelw yxtl lirl izazky dnn dpeya dfe .y"r ,xiibzdl b"nqd azk ,zeevn zvwn zrcedl daiqd dpde o`kn xg` xn`i `ly ick ,(f"hw) dyrz `l zeevn i"aa enya k"ke ,xiibzn iziid `l ok rcei iziid eli` xa wgvi epax zexdf`a azk a"eike ,g"qx 'iq c"ei zelw zeevn zvw edericeie edelawi" :l"fe oae`x lke` `l iziyr dn xn`ie egexa xefgi ot ,zexenge lelkiy xyt` zexdf`d lra ixacae ,27 "dl`a zkll dn jk xg` xn`i `ly ick drcedd mvr ,mipiipr 'b `l izrci eli`e invr lr lawl leki ipi`e iziyr oi`y m"anxd y"nn mb dfa yi la` ,xiibzn iziid
lra ixac xe`a zexdf`d b"nqd oeyl lra x"aixe mrha zexdf`d zvwn zrced zeevn

, , 72. , , " ". , , , , , " , , . , . .


oerhl leki n"n ,dlern dyrn did zexbd

-
yxtn `ed eli`e ,cxhi `ly ick oikix`n oi`c seq lk seqe ,cxhi `ly ick `id zelwd zrcedy .cg` oiiprd zgpn extqa gxti mely 'x oe`bdl

c"al yi okle ,`pciar `l ikde ikdc `zrc`c `di `ly icka ,oxkye oypere zeevnd z` ericedl zexbd dyrnl qpkpy lk mxa ,zeprhl mewn el mbe ,zeevnd oiprn el ericed `le mzqa gny daxc`e ,llk eixg`l rzxp `l edericedyk xb ied b"dk lkc `hiyte `hiyt ,mzlawa `ed gwna mb ixdc ,zerh gwn meyn dfa oi`e ,wcv orhinl ivn `l ,df ote`a mixacd eyrpy lk zeevnd zlawc meyn `ed mrhde ,`ed zerh gwn xg` mb ericedl opivn okle ,zexbd zedn dpi` iptl zeevnd dyrn lr epricepy sicr n"n ,jk `ed dn lre ,jled `ed dn z`xwl rciy ,ok ,x`azpy enke `aekirl mpi`y t"r`e ,aiigzn .c"kr ,d"ra `ed oekp ik ahid w'ece

x"eye

oeyln a"eik wiicy ,(c"i 'iq) zeaezkl mely b"nqd ixac md ,epxacl di`xe :l"fe l"pd b"nqd dyrn el miriceny xacd mrha azky ,l"pd gwna dpde ,`ed zerh gwn xn`i `ly ,zeevnd ,dyrn epi` envr dyrndy yexitd oi` ,zerh lka a"eike) mpick ddabde dkiyn ciar ixdc e` dkiyndc orhinl ivnc `l` ,(mipiipwd dyrn enlyed `ly oeike ,ikdc `zrc` eid ddabdd o`k oi` `linn ,y`xn xaec odilry mi`pzd `lc `nlra lehlh mzqk md ixde ,ddabde dkiyn dyrnc t"r`c ,zexba inp oicd df k"`e ,epdn

y"xbd xe`a ixacl gxti l"pd b"nqd

zeevnd zvwn zlaw m` mipey`xd zwelgn zelzl yi dxe`kl zeevn zvwn zrceda iiga epaxa mixkfpd minrhd 'aa zakrn
mrhl oiae ,eyxtiy ick drcedd mrhy ,mzqa meyn drcedd mrh oi` ,zerh ixb eidi `ly ipyd oey`xd mrhl `l` ,zakrn zexba zeevnd zlawy ick ,ipyd mrhle ,xiibzdl oevxdn ewigxdl ick rceiyk okle ,rxtnl zerha zexb `di `ly mircei eid eli`y dprhl mewn didi `l ez ,yperd yperd zricia mlerle ,mixiibzn eid `l yperd m`e epiid ,laiw m`e 'nbd yext edfe ,ibq xiibznl m` miypera eze` aiigz ezexby rceie mikqn llk zexbd lhazz `l if` ,mixacd lr xeari .xwire
xfg iiga epax minrh 'a lr eyexta el` dxezl

oiipra) iiga epaxl gnwd ck xtqa azk oke zvw dligz eze` oiriceny ,l"f eyxce :l"fe (xb ick ,oiyperd zrced mrhe ,oday oiypere zeevn ,llk l`xyil zlrez mixbd oi`y ,xiibzi `ly ,envrn xiibzdl `ay in lky l"f eyxc jkitle zvw mze` oiricen ,eyxty yie ,eixg` oiwcea xgn e` meid exn`i `ly ick ,ea mrhdy ,oiyper dpiyrz `l xy` 'd zeevn lkn zg` mzeyra `vnpe ,epxiibzp `l yperd oircei epiid eli` ,eny`e zvwn mricedl epl yi ok lre ,zerha ozexb odilr elawiye ,mly aala ozexb didiy ick ,oiyper .a"yr lkd

iiga epax ixac

epaxa '` mrh iiga

epaxa 'a mrh iiga

zyxta jk lr xfg dxezl eyexta iiga epaxe ick ,miyperd zrced mrhe azky (d ,ck) mihtyn xn`i `ly ick dfa mrhdy yxity yie ,xiibzi `ly ezexb `vnpe epxiibzp `l yperd mircei epiid eli` .y"r zerha

epaxe b"nqd y"nl mi`zn ipyd df enrhe avn `di `ly ick mrhdy ,l"pd oae`x xa wgvi inl dxiard yper izrci `l xbd xn`i onf xg`y dzid mzexby xnel mewn yi ile` f`e ,xaery zexengdn oypere zeevnd oiricen okle ,zerha zeevnd z` envr lr lawn m` if`e ,zelwdne ozexb ied ,iiga epax xicbdy itk if` ,yperd rceie oiay `vnp ,lkd odilr elaiwy `xwpe mly aala d`iadcn xzei enir mikqny d`xpy oey`xd 'itl

minrhd xe`a iiga epax azky

ly ezrcy d`xp dhep iiga epax '` yextl

`ly ick drcedd mrhy mzqa azk o`k mbe ezrc oi`y giken oeylde ,'eke yxity yie xiibzi zyxta cer azky dnn gken oke ,yxity in yik zeevnd ler eze` oiricen" (fi ,`k) `vz ik

`l o`ke ,"yextiy ick oziiyra yiy gxehde itl ,zenewnd xzia xikfdy ipyd mrhd xikfd k"g` xn`i m` mb ef drcle ,ezrc ok oi`y ,izxiibzp `l xaery in lr miyperd izrci eli` `l 'it`e ,xb ied oick xiibzpy lky ,melk epi` 'lda m"anxd wqt ixdy ,oypere zeevnd edericed `ly e` eixg` ewca `ly xb ,(f"id b"it) a"eqi` 'b ipta lahe lne oypere zeevnd edericed
oia dpin `wtpd minrhd 'a

`ly in oic `iad `l xehd mb okle ,zexbd l"q k"`e .akrn ezrcl ik ,akrn `lc edericed ick drcedd mrhc ,iiga epaxa ipyd mrhd enk zlawy m"anxdl mle` ,zerha zexb didz `ly ied edericed `l m` mb okl ,zakrn `l zeevnd `le ,yextiy ick drcedd mrhy azk jkl ,xb .xiibzi miricene ,`zi` (a"r f"n) zenai 'nba dpde
m"anxd xe`ak iiga epaxe yxt '` mrha i"yx k"b

dpin `wtp yi k"`e .k"r ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd drcedd oi` oey`xd mrhl ,dkldl minrhd 'a oia dlawde (c"id yiy drcedd b"it) gxehe my dxezd 'ad mrhle ,zakrn dlawde ick `ed drcedd mrhy l"q m"anxd mby rcz ,zakrn y"nke ler ,eyxtiy caek mze` miricen"

m"anxdle

,yextp

yixt

i`c

h"n

,'eke

eze`

yxit oke ,yextiy ick dfa dpeekd iiga epiaxle ztki` `le ,yextp ,xiibzi `ly ,yixt i`c i"yx xefgi `ny ,`pixg` `pyil d"ca cer k"ke ,ol hiwp k"` .l"kr ,xwir df oeyle ,xiibzdln ea ea xefgie ,yextiy azky ick drcedd s`e mrhc k"b

,y"r ,"eyxtiy ick zevx`d inr lr dziiyra `l dxwn lkae ,zakrn drcedd oi` ezrcl okle `l exn`i m` 'it`e zexbd ly dlehal mewn `di ied xwir lk drced dzid `l m` 'it`y ,eprci xfge xg` xac liaya xiibzpy rcep elit`e ,xb iiga epiax k"`e ,(f"id my) y"nk k"g` exeql m"anxdk l"qc d`xp ,dfa m"anxd mrhk hiwpc ixi`na ea r"re ,zakrn ick mrhd dlawde k"b drcedd hiwpc oi`y d`xpy xefgiy

`iad b"nqd s` minrhd ipy z`

(f"hw

oie`l)

b"nqd

,xiibzdln

o`kn xg` xn`i `ly ick oiyper zvwn oixikfny `iad aey ,xiibzn iziid `l rcei iziid el` iptn oiyperd mdl oixikfny mrhd ulegd wxtay

mrhd xwir eze` miriceny zeevn zvwn eakrl ick xiibzdln

d`xp mle` .mixb exiibzi `ly l`xyil aeh `edy ,exiibzi `ly ick `edy 'nbd oeyl hytk xwirdc m` mbe ,xb ied ,mericed `ly `kid s` k"`e ,zexba wtwtl mewn oi` ,izrci eli` xn`i k"g` repnl ick okl ,l"pd mely zgpn 'qa y"nke `lac hiwp `ed mb mlerle ,el oiricen ,df wetwt yi yygd repnl wxe ,xb ied inp edericed .ericedl

.xiibzdln edericed `l m`y ipyd yexitd itl dxe`kle zexb zeevn `ied zlaw `nlic df zexbl yextlc yeygl gken mewn
28
'a yextl yi dxe`kl zexbl yeygl edericed `l m` k"`e ,zeevnd zlawc l"q zakrn zeevn

did

k"`e

,zerha . zakrn

gikedl yi g"ad ixacn b"nqd zrca mb zexb iedc zrced `la zeevn

z` eliahd m`y (g"qx 'iq) g"ad azk okle ied `l b"nqde m"anxd s"ixdl 'b ipta `ly xbd 'b irac mixaeqd lkc eixacn gken ixde ,xb zeevnd zlaw oi`y mixaeqy jgxk lr `aekirl 'b jixv da okle dliahd ied zexbd xwire zakrn mrhy b"nqd y"n xzeq df oi`e ,w'ece `aekirl iziid `l rcei iziid eli` xn`i `ly ick drcedd y"nke drcedd ila mb zexb ied t"krc xiibzn .l"ynke m"anxd

zwelgn ceqi dfy xnel did xyt` df itle ixdy ,`l e` zakrn zeevnd zlaw m` mipey`xd ,y"r `lah `l in d"c (a"r d"n) zenaia 'qezd zlawl epiid ,dyely opirac i`d l"ic ycgl eazk (g"qx 'iq) xehde ,y"r dliahl `l la` zeevnd ,zexbd zakrn 'ba zeevnd zlaw 'qezdly ,azk akrn edericed `l m`y ,`vei xehdle 'qezdle
zwelgn ceqi m`a mipey`xd zeevn zlaw zexbd zakrn 'aa dielz l"pd minrhd

82. , , , , . . , ".


elit` `l` ,oignen opira `l ,zexba 'b opirac oiipr ericedl jixvy t"r`e ,ibq zeheicd dyelya ,oze` oircei lkd zeevnd llk ,mlek zeevnd `ipdn zillk drced mb carica k"`e ,y"r zlaw meyn dpi` drceddc jgxk lr okle ,xeibl ,izrci `l k"g` exn`i `ly ick `l` ,zeevnd .w'ece
l"pdn x`ean zlaw c"nl mby zakrn zeevn dpeekd oi` zeaiigzd mneiwl

-
jgxk lr ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy 'qezdl la` l"x ,yextp yixt i`c 'nbd dxn`y dny yxtl lkei `l k"g`e zrk yextiy ick el oiriceny akrn edericed `l m` mlerle ,izrci `l oerhl .zexbd ick mrhdy iiga epaxle i"yxl mby epcia dlr mb ezexb lhazz `l ,xiibzpe yxt `l m` ,yextiy .zeevn zrced dzid `l m` zeevnd zlawy xne`y inl ,dfa cer xirdl yie ,yextp yixt i`c ipyne ,h"n jixt ik ,zakrn zakrn zeevnd zlawy itl zehiyta evxz `l i`n` zlaw o`k oi` k"` ,edericei `l m`e ,zexba .zeevnd t"r`c ,ixi`nd azky dn it lr uxzl yie
`iyewd uexz dlerd dpwqnd epaxe i"yxtn mrha iiga zeevnd zrced

eazky 'qezd zeevn zlawy ilf` zakrn ediizhiyl mrh xe`aa zeevnd zrced

xaeqy inl mby ,oekp weic epl yi dzrn t"kre oi` ,ediinirce 'qezd mdy ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy l"x `l` ,zeevnd meiwl zeaiigzd dlawd yexit `ly ick illk ote`a zexard ypere zeevnd zrici m`e edfe ,dlehial `iaiy zexbd xwir lr dprh didz l"x ,yextp yixt i`c 'ite ,drcedd lr dpeekdc ,laiw yextl lkei `l miyperd rceiyn dzr yxt `l m`y .aey

l"pd itl diyew zlaw c"n lr zakrn zeevn

`"ayxd ixacn dgked egxk lra xiibzpk aygi `ly ick `ed mzlawe zeevnd zrcedl mrhdy
`le .aiig epi` xiibzdl dvr `iynde .epevxn `edy miwfpa elit`e dvr `iyn mewn meya epivn oky lke ,xwy icr xkey elit`e mc` ipica aiig .l"kr ,df
`"ayxd zxaq iiga epaxk lra x"aixe b"nqde zexdf`d zrced mrha zeevn zvwn

:l"fe hv oniq ` wlg daeyza `"ayxd azk lra edexiib m` zl`yy dn oiprl mewn lkne oixiibn oi`e ,lecb `ed m` llk xb epi` ,egxk zelw zevn zvwn eze` oiriceny cr eze` zenaia xn`c o`nl elit`e .lawiy jixve zexenge

`"ayxd oeyl daeyza

`xaqd oirk gken ,`"ayxd ly eixacn dpde ,mzlawe zeevnd zrced zaiq ik ,mipey`xa eazky oerhl `eaiy dprh lk jk xg` repnl ick `ed gxehde zeevnd caek izrci eli` oebk xiibznd ,zxg` dprh lk e` ,xiibzn iziid `l oziiyra (xb oipr) gnwd ck extqa iiga epiax y"nke i"x zexdf`ae ,(fi ,`k) `vz ik zyxtl eyextae yeala k"ke l"pd (f"hw oie`l) b"nqae ,oae`x x"a .(g"qx 'iq) yix c"ei

egxk lra ln dz` i` yi` oa (g"n sc my) eax ilin ipd ,egxk lra ln dz` car la` lr edeliahdy ohw xb elit`e .`l xg` la` zeaezkc `nw wxta sqei ax xn` ,oic zia zrc oky lk .zegnl oileki elicbd m`y (`"i sc) elit`e ,egxk lra lecbd z` oiliahn oi`y xiibzdl oerny edzt m`e .zegnl leki edeliahd .eaxl melk aiig oerny oi` ,xiibzpe epnn lawe xiibzpy `ed carde ,melka ewifd `l `edy

k"g` d`gn zexyt` repnl dcrep zeevnd zlaw


(b"l cenr b"i 'iq bxapiihy) ield `av xtqa :l"fe
`av xtq oeyl bxapiihy ield

zeevnd zrcedl ceqid ik ,mvra micnl epivnp xerxr e` d`gn ly oiipr didi `ly `ed ,mzlawe xnelk xiibzdl oevxa lawiyke ,zexbd lr dfa `veik k"ke ,wetwt `ll zexb ied ,cdiizdl

gkene ,zeevnd lawn oi`y dn `ed d`gndc dn d`gnd `teb dfe ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy

l"v ok lre ,'eke zeevnd eilr lawn epi`y lawn epi` m`y ote`a wx `id zeevnd zlawc ly zexba k"re ,zexbd xwir mr dxizq ied ,zexbd mr dxizq ied ,zeevn lawn oi`yk lecb l"i l"pd lr ,'eke ohwa k"`yn ,ipdn `le
xtqa azk a"eik mely zgpn

d`xe .dfl eznkqd `diy el oiricen okl ,ezrc xwirc" :l"dfa azky my dnly zcngd oeyla zgz stezqdl `ae eidel`e enr afry `ed zexbd qpkidl l`xyi zc eilr laiwe ,dpikyd itpk ezpeeka d`xpe .(b"k ze` my) 'eke ," 'd ldwa ezrc mikixvy `ed zexbd xwiry ,exn`y enk l`xyi zc eilr laiwy dpeekd dfe ,zeevnd lawl `ly t"r`c ixd ... ,w"ece ,'d ldwa qpkidl e`ay oeeik n"n ,zcgein zeevn zlaw dziid .zeevnd elawzpe l`xyi zc elaw ixd ,xiibzdl drcedl mrhdy yxtne oian `ed mby ixd .l"kr zeevnd zlawc opihwp m` mb zeevnd zlawe ,d`gn xcb icin z`vl ick epiid ,zakrn k"g` jiiy `le ,dgen epi`y jgxk lr ,lawnyke `ede ,dnecke drici xqeg e` ditk ly dprh x`ye `"ayxd zpeek idef xen`dle ,l"pd epixack aex ehwp okle ,zeevnd zrced mrha mipey`xd .llk zexba zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y mipey`xd
oeyln x`ean ok il`xyi y"xbd

epi` m`y wx `l` ,zeevn zlaw df oi` zn`ay a"eike .a"yr ,l"kr ,'eke zexb aiyg `l lawn ,(c"i 'iq) zeaezk q"nr mely zgpn xtqa azk xn`i `ly ick ,ozlawe zeevnd zrced mrhc zea` zkxa xtqa k"ke .a"yr ,`ed zerh gwn `l` :l"fe h"n 'nr iwqaewx jexa 'x oe`bdl `xwn opitlic xg`nc ,`ed zeevn zlaw ceqi lr ezrc z` mikixve ,egxk lra oixiibn oi`c rciy ,zeevnd ler el oiricen okl ,zexbd my eilr legie lawl cner eiykr `edy zexbay zeevnd zelg oipr `ed exwir l`xyi oice ,l`xyi zexbd zlaw okl ,zeevnd eilr milg zexbd i"ry zexbl ezrcc epiidc ,zeevnd zlaw `ed envr zeevn zlaw oi` la` ...zeevnd zlaw k"b llek lg dliahe dlin i"r `l` ,lawy cxtp xac jixv ixd dfle ,zeevnd ipice l`xyi oic eilr
oeyln mb dnly zcngd xwirc x`ean `id zexbd enr zaifr zlawe eidl`e `ied zeevnd `linn xtqa mb k"k zea` zkxa iwqaewx

oinipa zeeg extqa l"vf il`xyi y"xbd k"ke enr z` ezyihp `id zexbd xwiry (f"q 'iq a"g) .l`xyi ldwl ezqipke mcewd

zxhny gken ,mrcei xby dxwna zeevn zvwn zlawe zrced jixvn epi`y l"yxdnn d`gn ly zexyt` repnl ick e` xiibzdln xbd z` rizxdl ick e` `id zeevn zvwn zrced
ixa m` jkitle .xiibzn iziid `l rcei iziid z` xearl oi` jixv oi` ,zeevnd on rceiy epl mzlawe `edy epl zeevnd reciy zrcedy lke ,el eixacn exqny cenll yi `linne ,mzlawe zevnd zrced jildz dyext z` drcedd zpad `l` ,zeevnd miiwl xbd zeaiigzd oian jkitle ,jkn xzeia jxev oi` ,zeevnd zernyn on rcei `edy epl reci m`c l"yxdnl l"q zrced jildz z` xearl jixv `ed oi` zeevnd .mzlawe zeevnd ly mia l"yxdn epaxy iz`ad a"ta onwl opirac `d :l"fe azk (a"r c"k) zenail dnly ricedl elkeiy opiray wx ,zeheicda 'it` ibq ,'b e` xak edericedyke ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn ,dligzkl zeheicd 'b ipta 'it` laeh ,rci
gken l"yxdnn zrced oi`y mzlawe zeevnd zeaiigzd `l` mniiwl `cixb mzrici l"yxdn oeyl

ibq eil`n rceiac gken "rci e`" y"nne ,a"yr ezrcl k"` l"ve .drced `la elit` 'b zliaha erizxdl xg` ick wxe epnn j` `id ick drcedd e` zxhny ,xiibzdln zexyt` repnl

eli`e zeevnd on izrci `l xnele zegnl zexbd

xcqk r"eyd zrc xe`ia


" . , " . ,

'b sirq g"qx 'iq c"eia r"eyd oxn oeyl


x`a`e ,y"`xd zrcl cebipa m"anxde s"ixdk .izegiy
z` `iad i"aa 'b opirac 'qezd .zeevn zlawl z` `iad k"g`e m"anxd ixac 'nbd xe`aa `l ina zenaia dzcpl dlah k"g`e lawa o"anxdlc lenl eilr 'b ipta leahle `ly lahe lne xyk 'b ipta

:l"fe b"q g"qx 'iq c"ei r"eya oxn azk oia ,mlawl zevnd ericedl oia ,xbd ipipr lk mixykd 'ba eidiy jixv ,dliahd oia ,dlind .(ulegd wxt y"`xe 'qez) meiae ,oecl ln `l m` carica la` ,dlgzkl `wec edin lah `l elit` ,dlilae 'a ipta `l` lah e`
dlahy dy`e eixwl lahy yi` `l`] zexb myl

xcqa `iad oxn ik d`xi ,i"aa (my) oiirnd (a"r d"n) zenai zetqezd ixac z` dligzn ,eixac epiid dyly opirac `dc ,(`"l 'iq) y"`xde in d"c s"ixd ixac z` `iad aeye ,'eke zeevnd zlawl (a"r d"n) zenai `xnbd ixac x`al azky eizeklda liah ded `l ,`ed `xeib e`l i`c ,eiexwl lah `l in ixwd zliah oi`y ,xnel ezpeek dxe`kle ,eiexiw myl `l m`y `l` ,dnvr dliahd cvn zexbl el dliren jiiyd xac dfy ,ixw zliahle el dn ,zn`a xb did yxity enke ,xb `edy i`ce `l` ,icedi `edy inl d`ia ixeqi` zeklda m"anxd ixaca cibnd axd dneca l`xyi ikxca zbdep depi`xy zxeib" oica (h"d b"it) bdepy xb oke ,`veike dzcpl leahzy oebk ,cinz ixd ,zeevnd lk dyere eixwl laehy l`xyi ikxca ixacn d`xpy ,cibnd axd azke ,"wcv ixb zwfga el` yegl xyti` j`id ,"liah `l in" :yxtn `edy epiax zeevnd lka mibdep md ixde ,ie`xk exiibzp `ly ,y"r ,`wec e`l hwpc dliahe ,mixenb mil`xyik ixac dligzn `iady ixg` sqei ziaa my e`iade ,"dfa `veik" md m"anxd ixacye ,oxewna s"ixd dlina oia i`ce dligzklc o"anxd ixac `iad df ixg`e envr oial epia xiibzp [m`] eli`e ,'b jixv dliaha oia htync ,`ed xenb iebc ,xb epi` carica 'it` ixnbl epia lah azk 'f dklda m"anxd mb ixde] ,dia aizk mipy ipta elit`e envr oial epia xiibzpe envr oial leahle lenl dyly ipta dilr liaw i` la` ,[xb epi` `ly lahe lne jlde ,opick zevn zvwn edericede

zlawn ueg ,zil`xyia xzene ,xb ied [dzcpl .dylyae meia dpi` m` zakrny zevnd e` lahy carica elit` ,m"anxde s"ixdle xeq`e ,akrn ,dlila e` ,mipy ipta ln cilede zil`xyi `yp m` la` ,zil`xyia .dil opilqt `l oa dpnn

,oxn ixac xe`aa mipte` dnk jxe`a izazk lirl `xewd dxe`kl dpde .ycgd on `ia` c"qa dzr la` weqtl ezrcy yxti ,dpey`x dtwyda oxn oeyl z` ipta oiprle ,mkqen xac dfye ,zakrn zeevn zlawy .mipey`xd oia zwelgn idef dlila e` mipy sqei zia xtqa mixac ly oyxeya oiirnd la` oiae`y ,df sirqa oxn ixacc d`xi ,(g"qx 'iq) c"ei wx ,dlina dlin epeyl wizrd hrnke ,xehd ixacn elit` qtl` axle ,aezk xehd ixac ly `tiqay oxne ,akrn 'eke mipy ipta ln e` lahy carica `idye ,dfa m"anxd zrc z` epl siqed r"eya weqtl r"eyd lka ezhiy itl dpde ,s"ixd zrck enk d`xedd icenr zyely jezn mipy it lr cinz zwelgn yiy o`ky ixd ,sqei zial ezncwda azky dkldd ,o"anxde y"`xd oial m"anxde s"ixd oia

ixac xe`a itk r"eyd dtwyda d`xpd dpey`x

oeylk oxn oeyl `l` ,xehd zrc z` siqedy m"anxd

oxn zrcy d`xp weqtl r"eyd m"anxde s"ixdk zexbd xwiry dliahd `id

dfa yic epl `vei ,y"r ,'eke xyk df ixd ,c"a ipta dliah m"anxdlc ,m"anxd oial o"anxd oia zwelgn m` o"anxdle ,xb epi`e envr oial epia ezliahk ,'aa elit` ,meiae 'b ipta leahle lenl envr lr law `ly epeyla wece] ,xyk df ixd ,ecal jk xg` jldy leahle lenl law azk wx ,zevnd lawe azk .[xyk df ixd zeevnd edericede oiprl ,e"da m"anxd ixac z` i"aa `iad cer akrny dn m"anxdl ik] ,xb df ixd dlila lah m`y epi` h"eia e` dlila carica la` ,[dyly eidiy `ed axd azke ,(a"r 'n f"hw z"l) b"nqd k"kye ,akrn ekixvdl ,dlila lahy `kid welg o"anxdy ,cibnd zrck `"ayxd rixkd xake ,dliah zxg` mrt jkae ,azke miiq sqei ziad dfae ,xwir oke m"anxd ixac oi`y `"ahixd mya sqei iwenpd ixac zegcl yi ziaa oxny ,df lkn epl `vei .y"r mipekp m"anxd ,dlila dliah oiprl `"ahixde o"anxd ixac dgc sqei axd ixac z` `iad ixdy ,xb iedc m"anxdk wqte mdae ,o"anxd cbpk rixkd `"ayxdy azky cibnd .i"wnpd ixac z` i"ad dgc ,sqei ziaa eixac svx itl mb cer `vei jke ixac md dfa `veiky azk ,s"ixd zrc `iady ixg`y dliahd mdipy zrcle ,mdizecn deyd ixdy ,m"anxd .xb mipiprd lkl dyly jixvdl la` ,zakrn dpi` dlila mikixvd xbd ipipr md dne ,minikqn mdipy ,xbd ly ,(e"da) azky dn md ,xb epi` m`yr `l m`ye dyly leniy cr ,xb epi` ,ln `le lah ,lah `le lny xb lah m`y (f"dae) ,dyly ipta leahl jixve ,leahie epi`y dne ,icin `le eze ,xb epi` ,envr oial epia .xb df ixd caricac ,dlila `ed ,akrn
gken m"anxdn zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn `ed xwirde dliahe dlin zexb myl oxn ixac svxn gken i"aa s"ixdk wqety m"anxde z` dgc i"aa o"anxd ixac lahy `"ahixde xb ied `l dlila m"anxdk wqte xb ied caricay x`ean i"adn oia zwelgn yiy m"anxd lawa o"anxdl ipta leahl eilr oial epia lahe 'b envr

?zakrn zeevn zlawy m"anxd azk m`d dyly ipta zeevn zlawy m"anxd azk m`d ?zakrn o`k xikfd `l m"anxd `cg !`l ,dheyt daeyzd xeibd ly mi`pza oi`e ,zeevn zlaw byend z` llk azk wx ,zeevnd zlaw byend elld zeklda mi`aend oiricen [a"d] mixbd zlaw ixcqa c"i wxt zligza ,zxkfpd zeevnd zrced epiidc ,'eke zeevn zvwn eze` oze`y zexenge zelw zevn zvwne ,myd cegi `idy .lawl eilr b"ita) azk zxkfpd drcedd dze`a elit`y ,cere lahe lne oypere zeevnd edericed `l m`y ,(f"id .xb df ixd zeheicd dyly ipta ipta leahle lenl m"anxd yibcn zenewnd lkae ,`"r f"n zenai `"ayxd oeylke] ,xwird dfy dyly .[zexbd xwir dliahdy z` m"anxd dpnyk l"pd f"i dklda ,efn dxizi :l"fe azk ,xeiba zeidl zelekiy zerxbnd lk ez`iady daiqd dn zrcl] eixg` ewca `ly xb .` .[xiibzdl df ixd ,'eke oypere zeevnd edericed `ly e` .a .xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit`e .b .dxf dcear care xfg elit`e .c ,miebd llkn `vi , lahe lne li`ed :miiq df lre
29

l`xyik `ed ixde ,ezwcv x`aziy cr el oiyyege .oiyecw eiyeciwy cneyn

92. )( ) " (, : . ," , , , , . ", " , " , , , " " , , , " " , " " " " " " ' " " , , ", " " , " , , " , ,


`l ,`aekirl ied xeiba 'by m"anxde s"ixd zrc zn`ay ,zeevnd zlaw oipr df llka xikfd .xb
oeyln dfl di`x `"ayxd

-
dkixv dliahde dlind ik epl x`azpy xg`ne sqei ziad ici lr epl xxazpe ,`aekirl dyly yxtl likyp dzrn .m"anxd zrck s"ixd zrc ik eixac lkc .l"pd r"ya eixac z` df lk it lr `ed ,'eke m"anxde s"ixdle cr sirqd zligzn zlawy xehde o"anxde y"`xde 'qezd zhiy itl dnvr dliahd la` ,zakrn dyly ipta zeevnd oic oi`y s"ixdle m"anxdl la` ,zakrn dpi` ied edericed `l elit`e zeevnd zrceda akrl dyly zekixv dlinde dliahdy jgxk lr ,xb .akrl ogleya oxn ixac z` cenll mi`ayk ok m`e itl `yixd ,miwlg ipya eixac z` cenll jixv ,jexr `tiqde ,akrl 'b dkixv dliahd oi`y xehde y"`xd .zakrn 'ba dliahd m"anxde s"ixdlc dyelya dliahd oi`y xaeqy iny ,`vei lrete k"l`c ,zakrn zeevn zlawy xeaql aiig ,zakrn miyxtn md okle ,dia aizk htyn ixde xb didi dna ,dyly ipta zeevnd lawny ici lr `ed htyndy dliahd dzid m` carica epl ztki` `l k"g`e llk zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y m"anxdl la` ,mipya zexbd k"` ,xb ied llk edericed `l elit`e xwire dyly `la eyrp m`e ,dliahe dlin i"r `ed dxwir .w"ece ,xb ied `l zeevnd zrced oi` ile`y aeygl drhz l`e oicd ixdc ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw la` zakrn ivniz ikide ,akrn `l edericed `la s`c ,`ed `di onfd eze`ae ,akrn epi` el exn` `l m`y lawl el yi dne ?zakrn zeevn zlawy oicd izazky enk llkae ?eneiw lr rcei epi`y xaca llk xkfp `l m"anxa r"eyd ixac xewna ,lirl z` oxn azkyk okle ,zeevn zlaw ly df oeyl
oi`y dgked zlaw oia wlgl mzrcedl zeevn oi`y xaeqd 'ba dliah aiig zakrn zlawy xeaql 'ba zeevn xaeqde ,zakrn 'ba dliahdy aiig zakrn oi`y xeaql 'ba zeevn zlaw zakrn

ied edericed `la elit`e ,zakrn dpi` mzrcl

oxn ixac 'b sirq zligza 'qezd zrck dliahd oi`y `l` 'ba zakrn zeevnd zlaw

`"ayxd ixacn ,dfl dxexa di`x c"qa iz`vne dlah `l in opixn`c `d d"c (a"r d"n sc) zenaia ,iqtl` axd ixac cinrdl ,o"anxd azke :l"fe ,'eke eli`e ,dliaha oia dlina oia dyly jixv dligzklc epi` carica elit` ,ixnbl envr oial epia xiibzp i` la` ,dia aizk htync ,`ed xenb m"ekre ,xb edericede ,leahle lenil dyly ipta dilr liaw oial epia laeh e`vne jlde ,epick zeevn zvwn m` ,op` ifgip `zyde .c"kr ,dligzkl `ed xb ,envr azk `l dnl ok m` ,drcedd dpi` zeevnd zlaw ,leahle lenle zeevnd zvwn eilr law m` yexita ,witqn df oi` ixde ,leahle lenil lawy azk wx ,izazky enk `id mipey`xd lk zenzq i`ce `l` ,dyly ipta dlawd `idy drcedd mb didzy jixvy 'b ipta `ly lah m` mb m"anxd lr miwlegdl f`e x`azi df itl ik ,elld mixaca ahid wece ,xb ied lr miwlegdl mby ,onwl cer aezk`y dn gkeie ,drcedd lawl epiid "zakrn zeevn zlawc" m"anxd iede" ,lawy dn dfa miiwn leahl jk xg` jledyke oeylk "lne laiw xaky oeik ,oic xnbk dliahd eze ,y"r oi` n"ye d"c (a"r e"n sc my) `"ayxd .icin `le

seqa eixac zrck sirqd m"anxde s"ixd zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn dlind okle 'ba dliahde 'ba zeakrn

wqet oxny d`xp m"anxde s"ixdk

ixdy ,`id dn envr r"yd oxn zrc z` oiaz dfae ebn ixz eedc s"ixde m"anxd zrck weqtiy i`cea .d`xedd icenr zlz

recn oaen f"tl wizrd 'a sirqa oeyl z` m"anxd

oeyl z` 'a sirqa wizrd recn oiaz dfae .xiibzdl `ayk xbl xeibd ixcq oiprl m"anxd

, , , " ' " ' ' , , , , " , " , " , " ', " , " " , , , , , . , ".

zrck dkldl (a"i sirqa) wqty dn oiaz dfae lne oypere zeevnd xky edericed `l m`y m"anxd eixac yxity enke .30 xb df ixd zeheicd 'b ipta lahe oke ,zakrn zeevn zrced oi`y heyt dfy mewna d"d drcedd oi`y (e"t 'iq c"g) eizeaeyza f"acxd eyxt .xgaend on devnl m` ik zeevnd zlaw oxn zrcly xne` dz`
recn oaen f"tl a"i sirqa wqt zrced oi`y zakrn zeevnd

dinilb iletiya lif`c meyn ,melk f"r xirdl zrc oke ,zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`c m"anxdc miricene d"c (`"r f"n sc) zenai 'iga `"ahixd epi` edericed `l m`y `z`eeaxc `xaq" ,eze` zay) "lecb llk wxta (rnyn ikde) n"de akrn (`"r `"i sc) zeaezkl eiyeciga aeye ,(`"r g"q akrn epi`e devnl `ied edericeiy opira `nlra xbc y"r ,(`"r g"q) zayl eiyeciga rnyn oke ,y"r zenai `"ahixl eizexrda l"vf o'dti `"xbd y"nke zvaewn dhiya cer k"ke .231 oeiv (`"r f"n) zlaw oi`c ,dpyi dhiy mya (`"r `"i sc) zeaezkl zeklda cibnd axd azk okle ,y"r zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`c "heyt" dfc ,(f"id b"it d`ia ixeqi` d"ca oniqd seqa i"ad e`iade] ,caric akrn zeevnd m`y ,(e"t 'iq) c"g f"acxd z"eya k"ke [xb cg` df lk ,zeevn zvwn dericed `le c"a my eid `l k"kye `ed xenb xb carica la` ,xgaend on devnl didi ,('k 'iq) oeyy `"xdn z"eya k"ke ,m"anxd ,zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawy o`kn d`xp ,didiy dn dzid m`y azky (a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn z"eya r"re oi`c 'ba zxg` zeevn zlaw jixv oi` ,'ba dliah 'iqa) dyn ikxc axde .dliahd on dlecb dlaw jl iwenpd mya i"ad azky dn lr xird ('` ze` g"qx ixaca onwlc ,akrn epi` edericed `l m`c sqei ,k"r ,dylya elit` ixdy ,ok rnyn `l epiax ,onwl azky dna xehd ixacay ,`id ezxrd zpeeke ira `l` cer `le ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy gken y"nc ,zwelgn o`k yiy yibcdl dvxe ,dyly m` ik xehd zhiyl xity iz` `l sqei iwenpd zhiyy oiad n"cd mby ixd ,m"anxd zhiyl g"ad azk oke .zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y m"anxd dyly eidyke" :l"fe m"anxd zrca oiprle d"ca myl dzid `ly t"r` xykc m"anxd azky dliaha oiad g"ad mby gken ,y"r "xwir lk zeevn zlaw df ixd lne lah m`y azkyky m"anxd zrc z` `le zeevn zrceda `l epiid ,edericed `l elit`e xb .m"anxdl `id cg dlawde drcedde ,zeevn zlawa

m`e

ixd edericed `lac eixac qpxtz ji` ,zexbd zakrn 'b sirqn envr xezqi r"ya oxny okzid ,xb df .a"i sirql aex it lr weqtl ekxc wicv fg` oxn llkae dnka `"cigd oxn azky enk m"anxd it zrck .zenewn wqty xehd ixdy ,`ed jky cer

zrcy qetzp m` 'b sirqa oxn zeevn zlawy xezqi zakrn y"nl envr a"i sirqa

jxca wqet oxn m"anxdk llk

rcze

eixaca xikfd `l ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy o"anxdk ixacn gewld xb ied edericed `lay df xac zeevn zlawy eixac z` xzeq zn`a df ik ,m"anxd .zakrn ,zakrn zeevn zlaw m` :jcia `llk i`d hewp ied edericed `la m`e ,xb ied `l edericed `la f` .zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi` f` ,xb xehd ixac oxn `iady ixg`y ,oaen dzrn s"ixd zrc z` yexita azk ,dligzn o"anxde oeyl azk `le ,mzrck xwir qtzy ,seqa m"anxde .zerhl mewn zzl `ly ,dnecke `"ie dyly m"anxdlc idpc ,jl iywz dxe`klc dne ,dfa s"ixdk ied `l dlila la` ,s"ixdk `aekirl ied ,uxize ,`"xbd dfa xird xak ,akrn `l m"anxdlc mb m"anxd ixac azk miipyc dithiy ab` r"ydc .dlil` ,mipey`xd zwelgnl ceqid epx`iay ixg` dzre ziad azk dpdc ,dfa miwqetd zehiy epl eayiizi ,azk sqei iwenp axdy ,xiibzdl `ayke d"ca sqei ,"akrn epi` edericed `l m`y ,`z`eeaxc `xaq" i"ad azk `le ,y"r lecb llk wxta rnyn ikde

wqty xehd zlawy o"anxdk zakrn zeevn azk `l oi`y m"anxdk zeevn zrced zakrn

dlawd m` drcedd ,zakrn oi` m`e ,zakrn zakrn drcedd dlawd oi` zakrn z` xikfd oxn m"anxde s"ixd seqa mnya meyn 'b sirq weqtl ezrcy mzenk dn lr diyew z` oxn xaigy s"ixd zrc cgi m"anxde yiy t"r` lcad mdipia uexze dkldl jk lr `"xbd

ilecbe i"ad epizeax ewqt mipexg`d oi`y ef dhiyk zeevn zlaw meyn zakrn zhiy `id oky mipey`xd aex

)" ( ' " ) "( , " " ." , ",

.30

-
,mzrcedl zeevnd zlaw oia dnly zcngd ly ewelig ziigc w'veltn upiv l"`xdne xi`n ziad exec ilecb ewelig egc okye
dnly zcng z"eya azky enk llk wlgl oi`e epipnf ipexg`n dnk eixg` ekynpe ,('l-h"k 'iq c"ei) dlawl zakrn dpi`y zeevnd zrced oia wlgl mezql `le x`al oxnl l"ed i`d ik lk ik ,zakrny drcedd oi` m`y cere .mipiirnd lr jenqle jk lk dn ,rcei epi` m`c ,akrl dlawd didz cvik ,zakrn 'ba zeevn zlawy 'qezdk wiqdy xehdc rcz ,lawi oi`y m"anxd ixac ixnbl hinyd ,zexbd zakrn mipey`x zwdl epivnc xg`n cere .zakrn drcedd ixd ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`c `icdl miwqety jled r"yd lra oxn mby xnel epl yiy xexae heyty cxtp sirqa oxn x`ia `l dnl zxg` ,dfa mdizeawra zeevnd eilr lawl jixvy zexba i`pz yiy yxetne oic m` ,akrn zeevnd law `ly lke 'b iptae c"aa okzid zexbd akrne jk lk iceqi `ed zeevnd zlaw !?ddnz` ,ab` jxcae drlada azkiy cibnd axd ixac z` mzqa `iad i"aay cgeinae ixac z`e ,zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y heyt dfy
oia welig yi m` zeevnd zrced zakrn dpi`y zeevnd zlawl did zakrny x`al i"ad jixv z`f

,xaca wleg mey `iad `le ,ok azk k"by i"wenpd ,mzlawl zeevnd zrced oia welg yiy `zi` m`e f"n zenai 'nba zx`eand dlawdy cere .yxtl l"ed
zeevnd zlaw 'nba zx`eand `id mipey`xae zvwn zlaw zeevn edericedy

oi`y zegked zrced oia wlgl mzlawl zeevnd

zeevn zvwn zrced zlaw `id ,mipey`xae a"re `"r zeevnd zvwn zrici dzernyn k"`e ,el zexn`pd z` rval aiigzn `ed eay cxtp qwh `le ,edericedy ,dnly zcngd ly exec ilecby zn`ae .mlek zeevnd ,a"i 'iq xi`n zia z"eya xpfet xi`n 'x oe`bd 'iq a"g) ytp zaiyn z"eya w'veltn upiv l"`xdne eazke ,dnly zcngd ly df ewelig lr ewlg ,('p eiwenipn cg`e ,zexb myl dliahe dlin `ed xwirdy `ed ,y"cngd ly ewelig ziigcl upiv l"`xdn ly ipta cxtp cnrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y ,lirl y"n zeevnd zvwn zrcedn zraepe zkynp `id `l` ,envr ezaeyza xi`n ziade .lawn `ed df z`e ,edericedy epeeky jexae ,dfa upiv l"`xdnd ixacl mikqn ilecbn eidy ,dl` mler ipe`b ipy ly dagxd mzrcl .mxec ixe`ne

ly exec ilecb dnly zcngd xi`n ziad upiv l"`xdne ewelig z` egc zrced oia mzlawl zeevnd

mxewna eixac t"r eweliga dnly zcngd ly zizin`d ezpeek xe`a


'iq) g"p`xdn y"n oirke ,l`xyi zcl xearle zncewd zeevn zlaw jl oi` zecdi myl dliahy (a - a"v wecv epax x"enc`d lecbd xe`nd k"ke ,efn dlecb ,(c"p ze`) `lnd wicvd zwcv extqa oilaeln odkd cer k"ke ,eilr l`xyi my z`ixw `id zexbd xwiry .sq`d zr `l ,mipexg` daxd llk oiekzd `l envr dnly zcngd mby zn`ae itke ,epipnf ipexg` el miqgiiny oaena zeevn zlawl eixac z` e`x `ly i`cel aexw mdixacn d`xpy dn oiirndc ,xfrig`d enya `iady dn wx `l` ,mxewna `id zeevnd zlawy ezrcy d`xi ,ahid y"cnga ezc z` yehpl ,df hw`a ezpeeke ,zexb myl dliahd

dnly zcngd icy dcen myl dliaha da lelke zexb zlaw ezrcl zeevnd

y"`xde zetqezd zrcl zakrny zeevn zlaw idn


`xnba ixdy ,zeevnd zlaw `id drcedd zlaw epiidc ozn eze` oiricen dligzn :aezk (a"r f"n) zenai icinlz ipye ,'eke cin eze` oiln laiw ,'eke oxky zevn zvwn eze` oiricene ,eiab lr micner minkg drceddn ueg aey oiricen dliahd zrya epiidc ,'eke dliah ici lr `zydc ,oiricene d"c i"yxite ,zncewd lawl jixv dliah zrya jkld ,zexb llkl qpkp `ed ,'eke oiriceny gzty epeyla wiice .l"kr ,zeevn ler lr drcedd wx xikfdy m"anxdl `iran `l dpde ,zakrn zeevn zrcede zlaw oi`y `hiyt ,zeevnd sc) eazky zetqezdl elit`c ,xne` ip` efn dlecb zlawl dyly opirac ,(dlah `l in d"c a"r d"n drceddn cxtp xacl dpeekd oi` ,dliahl `le zeevnd zeevn zvwn eze` oiricenyk `l` ,zeevnd lr eze` oiln "law" ,`xnbd oeylke ,zexengde zelwdn ,zeevnd zlaw ied f` ,jk lr mikqdy l"x ,cin
'qezd zrcl zlaw y"`xde epiid zeevnd zrced zlaw zeevn zvwn

jixv okl ,zexbl qpkp `ed dliahd ici lry xiaqde ixd ,lawl jixvy exn` okid la` ,zeevn ler lawl epiidc l"qc i`ce `l` ,'eke ricedl wx zxne` 'nbd dheytd di`xde ,`id cge dlawd `ide drced `id ,jd aezkl mipey`xdn cg` meyl hinzyi` `lc ,dfl ler yexita envr lr lawl drcedd ixg` jixvy

`l` ,`id `lc ,zexbd akrn law `l m`e zeevn xaeqy inl mb dlawd `id ,eznkqde drcedd ezlaw .heyte ,zakrn zeevnd zlawy
oxne m"anxdl `la mb zvwn edericed xb ied zeevn

zhiya iniiwc mipey`xd zhiyl izazk df lk edericed `la s` ,oxne m"anxdl la` ,zetqezd .xb ied carica

, , , ' " , , , .
)(a - av 'iq g"p`xdn

" ' " " ' . , , , ' ', . ". ' ' ' , . " , " , " . ' '.
)('p 'iq a"g ytp zaiyn z"eya upiv l"`xdn

-
cg` xac md zeevnd zlawe zrcedy x`an daeyza g"p`xdn mb

`ed dliah ici lr `zydc ,zexenge zelw zeevn lawl jixv dliah zrya jkld ,zexb llka qpkp zlaw epiid eze` oiricenc rnyn ,zeevn ler eilr g"p`xdn zaeyzl aey` cer d"rae] a"yr ,zeevn .[dpiwixtilc xbp xa jixve zexecd ilecbn `edy

daeyz

dze`a

iz`vn

ok

izinic

xy`ke

'iq) i"ad xg`ly dtewza xecd ilecbn g"p`xdnl zvwn eze` oiricenc llk xnel oi`e :l"fe ,(a - av ixdy ,zeevnd zlaw epiid e`l ,zexenge zelw zevn zvwn el oiricen g"z 'ae ,eze` oiliahn iab jk xg`

giken g"p`xdn zeevnd zlawy zrced epiid zeevnd

a"i sirql 'b sirq oia g"qx 'iq r"ya dxe`kl dxizq yiy oian xi`n zia axd mb
zlaw mda did n"ne ,zevnd ypere xky ericed .c"kr ,zeevn
dlerd dpwqnd ly eziiyewn ,xi`n ziad

y"nr ,(a"iq g"qx 'iq) xi`n zia axd mbe zeevnd edericed `le eixg` ewca `l m`y r"yd `d ,il dniz la` ,m"anxd oeyl dfc xird ,xb ied ,dlila elit` akrn zeevnd zrced 'qezd zhiyl 'b sirq wqt xake ,llk ericed `lyk y"kne ziiyew uxizy ,`gip dizhiyl m"anxde ,ediizeek oeyl wizrd `l xehde ,w'ece y"r xg` ote`a 'qezd `l jdy yxtn i"ady l"i ile`e ,m"anxdc df

ziad ziiyew r"eyd lr xi`n envr xzeqy sirql 'b sirqn ,a"i

a"i sirqy `ed mb oiady ,oaen eziiyewn dpde zlawy aezky dny yxtz m` 'b sirq mr dlri `l `l xehd mb okle ,m"anxdl mb `ed zakrn zeevn m"anxdn mxewny el` mixac ly `tiqd z` wizrd .xity `gip lkd epixacle ,ezhiy min`ez mpi`e

`gip lkd epxacl

evexz

ef dxizql xi`n ziad ly evexz ziigc


xky `kd hwpy dnc heyt okle ,"zeevnd edericed zenaia my `xnba zn`ae ,oyil zxbiy` `ed ,zeevnd ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn zrced dligzn ,`zi` ly oxkye zexiar ly oyper eze` oiricen jk xg`e .zg` dpeekde ,ef dpgad dyr m"anxd mbe ,zeevn el ericed `l oia wlgl xi`n ziad rivdy dne zlaw dzid `ll ,akrn epi`c zeevnd ypere xky xwir m` ,axdn daxd dlignd xg` ,akrnc zeevn ,`xninl i`ne xb iedc dhiyt ,zeevnd xky `ed oixhn `l m`e" :azk oxn ixacl xewnd `edy m"anxde
ziad ly evexz xi`n

evexz ziigc

drcedd lr zxfeg dlawdy i"yxtn di`x


d"ca jenqa cer i"yxt oke ,xiibzdl mdilr elawy lr dlawd epiid ,l"kr xiibzdl ,dilr dlaw zlawny
axd weic uiaewxa sirqa r"eydn xi`n ziadk ai zeevn zrcedy zakrn

i"yx ixacn zgxkn di`x iz`vn oeird xg`e xexgiy yiw`c i`dc ,c"qw d"ca (a"r f"n) zenaia ,xn`w "lawl" ,miakek caerd zexbl car ly zvwn ericedl jixv ,card xexgy zliah zryay 'nba xn`wc i`nc `icdl epl ixd ,l"kr ,zeevn ,drcedd epiid ,zexba xen`d "lawl jixvc" oipr el jixvy `le ,lawny epiid el oiricenyke ,melk epi` ezlefe zeevn zlaw `xwpd cxtpe cgein epiid ,jk myl laehe zeevnd miricenyke ,`id `lc

dzernyny

dnkqdd

xnelk

,drcedd

i"yx oeyln axrny zenaia mr dlawd gken drcedd cg` xac mdy

.heyte ,xiibzdl jxk) ipiq uaewa uiaewxa axdl iz`vn aeye 'iq c"ei r"yd oxn y"nc azky ,(e"l 'nr f"r zeevnd xky edericed `ly" a"i sirq g"qx ,"xky" dlnd z` etiqeday dxe`kl d`xp ,"oypere el ericedy dfa ibq `ly ,xnel r"yd ly epevx

xkyd z` el ricedl mb mikixvy `l` ,zeevnd z` zeevn zrced xagnd itly di`x oi` k"`e .yperde ly epeyln dpiyy xg`n daxc` .zakrn dpi` zeevnd zrcedy xaeq `edy dxe`kl d`xp m"anxd .m"anxd lr dfa wlege ,zakrn ipy llba eixac z` jk yxtl xyt` i` mpn` xagnd ly eixac xewny wtq oi` ,lk ziy`x :minrh iepiyl hxt epeylk o`k ewizrn r"ydy m"anxd `ed m"anxd lr wleg epi`y wx `l ,ok lr xzi .xen`d i"aa ixdy ,eixac z` `ed miiwn daxc` `l` ,dkldl on k"ke :l"fe m"anxd wqtl di`x `iad (my) oi`y heyt df ,'eke eixg` ewca `ly xb l"f miyxtnd f"n) ulegd 'ta exn`e ,caric akrn zeevnd zrced i`c ,eixac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd dlre lah (a"r i`d) ,k"r ,oiyeciw eiyeciwe ,ied xnen l`xyi ,yciw my `zi`ck exeql xfg m` eyexit ,xnen l`xyic 'ldn b"it) dpyn cibnd ixac md mixacde ,(`xnba epicl ceqid md i"aa eixac dpde .(f"i 'ld a"eqi` `l` dpi` "xky" dtqeddy xnel ozipy jk ,r"ya .q"h `ed ,ef daiz wegnl yiy gikend sqep mrh
uiaewxa axd zaizy giken oeyla "xky" ai sirqa r"eyd q"h `id uiaewxa axd df weic dgec minrh 'an

`ly icka envr mrhd eze`ne zeevnd zrceda enr oxky mb el oiricen ,daeh jxcn ezehdle ecxhl oyper zrced i` `wecy ,deti` gken .zeevn ly xyt` ixdy ,xeibd jldna oexqg `id ,zeevn ly envr lr lawn did `l ,yperd z` rcei did eli`y dpi`y wx `l ,xkyd zrced i` la` .dxezd ler z` `id daxc` `l` ,xiibznd ly ezpeek zepka znbet lawl `ed oken ixdy ,miny myl ezpeeky dgked odl yiy rcei epi`y mbd zeevnd ler z` envr lr lr `ed r"ya sirq eze`a xaecnd dpde .xky e` ,eixg` ewca `ly epiidc .xeiba minbte zepexqg xiibzn `edy rcepy e` ,zeevnd z` edericed `ly k"tr`y r"yd ly ewqta `ed yecigde .xac myl zeevnd xky z` edericed `ly dn k"` .`ed xb `l` ,xeiba oexqgl jiiy epi` ,olaw `ed k"tr`e ly ezekfl df z` sewfl jixve ,`id dlrn daxc` `ed "xky" zaizy xnel migxkeny jk .xiibznd .q"h m"anxd zrck wqt r"eydy xexa d`xp mekiqa .g"gtce c"kr ,zakrn dpi` zeevnd zrcedy gxti y"xbd mb wiic ,el` mixaca `veike iz`ade (c"i 'iq) zeaezkl mely zgpn extqa `"hily
gxti y"xbd mb zrca ok wiicn r"eyd

axd zpwqn zrcy uiaewxa zrck r"eyd oi`y m"anxd zeevn zrced zakrn

eze` oiriceny myke ,(a"r f"n my) exn`y dn itl ixd ,oxky ozn eze` oiricen jk ,zeevn ly oypr ,xkyd z` k"g` wxe yperd z` el miricen dligzy heytd oeibdde .miwqetde mipey`xd lka `ed jke oiipr caek z` el oixiaqn dligza ixdy .jk aiign meyn .envr lr lawn `edy zeixg`d xnege xeibd ,oyper z` mb el oiricen ,zeevnd zvwn mr cgi df yextl dvex m`e ,ezpeek zepk z` xxal icka miwcwcne eilr oiaxn oi`y enk k"g` wxe .yexti

uiaewxa axd di`x `ian zaizy ztqep q"h `id "xky"

mdxa` zkxa extqa xbplx` `"xbd k"ke .onwl eixac :l"fe 'f ze` xtqd itcn c"n sc `"r `"i zeaezkl ixack (a"iq g"qx 'iq) c"ei r"eya y"nn rnyn oke oi`y rnyne ,zeevnd zrced akrn `lc l"pd m"anxd ipic lklc oniqd seqa i"aa y"re ,llk wtzqdl mey oi`e `aexn `ticrc opifge ,l`xyik mpic zepenn .c"kr ,xeiba zewtq

r"eyd zrcy oian deab ogley axdy epixacke y"`xde 'qezdk `le m"anxde s"ixdk
eklen i"xdn ogly extqa oian deab r"eydy epxack s"ixdk o`k wqet cbp m"anxde y"`xde 'qezd

ezrcy r"eyd ixac zpeeka il oe` iz`vne i"xdn axd oe`bd `ed ,`wec m"anxde s"ixdk weqtl g"qx 'iq c"ei) deab ogley mqxetnd extqa ,eklen ,(i"ad oxn) epiax lr denzl yie :l"fe (f"h w"q mzq dnl ,cg` zrcl enikqd m"anxde s"ixdy xg`n

ezligz r"eyay 'b sirqy epl x`azpe li`ede z` aey `iad okle ,`wec xehde y"`xd zrck `ed s"ixdk weqtl ezrcc meyn ,m"anxde s"ixd zrc azk in mipexg`d zgzn`a ytg` izxn` ,m"anxde .epixack k"b

r"eyd zrc m"anxde s"ixdk y"`xdk `le xehde


oeyl r"eya azekykc ,l"i eziiyew xwirae

-
`iad m"anxde s"ixd zxaqe y"`xde 'qezdk dligza zwelgn k"g`e mzqc zrci xake ,zwelgn oeyla s"ixd zxaq ,aezkl l"ed `kti` `kde ,mzqk dkld ,zwelgn oeyla y"`xde 'qezd zxaqe mzqa m"anxde m"anxd ixac epiax `iad (l"vk) a"iq onwlc cere axd ly eixacne ,y"r r"ve ,zwelgna `kde mzqa ezrcy oxn zrca llk dil `wtqn `lc ,epcnl ,epcnl efn dlecb la` ,m"anxde s"ixdk weqtl `ed ixd k"l`c ,onwl wqty dnn df z` gikeny ,xi`n zia axd ziiyewke b"ql a"iqn envr z` xzeq

mewn yi ,mixne` yi jk xg`e mzq ezernyny m"anxde s"ixdle oeyla oxn hwp o`k la` ,wtzqdl dfn ep`ivedl `axc` ,mzenya mdipy z` xikfde icenr zlz ebn 'a el` ik al miy l"xe ,`a wtqd ,df ixtqn a"ga oiire] .w'ece mzenk dklde d`xedd dne ,deab ogleyd ixac zpeeka odk oerny axd y"n izaeyzae x`c`n edil` axd azkna oke el izaydy hewli lra `"hily sqei i"xbdl iazknae ,eixac lr .[sqei

y"`xde 'qezdk `le s"ixde m"anxd zrck wqet oxny zehiyta epiady miwqet
mixaeql mb zeevn zlawy dpeekd ,zakrn zlaw `id drcedd

yi ef drcl s`c cere ,r"eyd lrae m"anxde s"ixd zlawy mpeyla ehwpy mbd ik ,ahid dfa oiirl mewn epiidc mipey`xd oeyln epwiic ixd ,zakrn zeevnd zelw el oiricenyk l"x ,zeevnd lr drcedd zlaw drced zeawra leahle lenl envr lr lawne zexenge zeidl z`fd dlawd dkixvy ,zeevnd zlaw epiid ,ef ipta dzid `l dnvr dliahd m` f`e ,dyly ipta .xb ied carica ,dyly

oir extqa `"hily sqei wgvi b"dxdl iz`vn oke ,azky ,e"kz 'nra r"eyd illk lr b"g wgvi icenr zyelyn cg` zrc `id mixne` yid zrcyky ziaa mxikfd oxne dyely jezn miipy e` ,d`xedd azky s` mixne` yid zxaqk `picl opihwp ,sqei ,lecbd exeaig lr jnq oxnc ,mdixack `ly mzqa zekld) mixvn xdp 'd k"ky `iad 'k ze`a dxrdae (e"h 'iq c"eig) cec dpg zixw z"eye (b"i ze` mixb oxn zrcy (`"p 'iq a"g) oexd` dhn gxt z"eye m"anxde s"ixdk weqtl 'b sirq g"qx 'iq c"ei r"eya ixry z"eya y"nk `lce ,`aekirl dliaha 'b jixvdl `xecdn ikcxn iyeal z"eyae ('t 'iq g"e`g) wcv mzqdk weqtl oxn zrcy (a"qw 'iq c"eig) `pipz xne` riaia lecbd epax eia` xn mikqd dflye ,y"r `"g xne` riaia r"re ,dyrnle dkldl (e"k 'iq i"g) .y"r ,ok dlrd my mby (i-g zeize` h"i 'iq) c"ei

wgvi oir xtqa sqei i"xbdl oxny k"b dlrd s"ixdk wqet okye ,m"anxde lra eia` zrc `lce xne` riai miwlegdk

'b jixvy 'qezdl zeevn zlawa 'b jixv oi` dliaha m"anxdle 'b opirac 'b v"` dliaha zeevn zlawa

zenai zetqezd ixacn `ed mixacd xewny cere 'nbd lr ednzy ,dlah `l in d"c (a"r d"n sc) jixv xb ixd ,`nizc ,dzcipl dlah `l in dzywdy opirac i`nc ,evxize ,dia aizk htync ,dyly ,y"r dliahl `l la` ,zeevnd zlawl epiid ,dyly `vnp ,`aekirl ied dliaha dylyy m"anxdl k"`e dyly jixv oi` 'qezdlc ,zercd oia `xnege `lew m"anxdle ,zeevnd zlawa dyly jixv la` ,dliaha `l m` zeevnd zlawae ,dliaha wx ,dyly jixv oi` `l ,zeevndn xwire llk edericed `ly e` dyly eid .akrn

mixne`d mceqi eknz eilr ,df sirq dzrne r"eyd lra oxn zrcl s` zakrn zeevn zlawy el` lkl ixwird xewnd `ede] ,eize`xed eplawy ,xb ied `l dnily zeevn zlaw dzid `l m`y eazky dxez zxiny eilr laiw ywand ok` m` xxal miaiige epi` xeibd ikd e`l `d ,xeibd onfa irack zeevne ,xeibd onfa zeevn zlaw dzid `ly xxaznyke ,swz mvra `ed ,[iebk ywand oice rxtnl lg `l xeibd mixaeqy mipey`x yiy lawp m` mb ik ,rerx ceqi zrc dpi` ef drc ,zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw ik

zrcy mix`and weqtl r"eyd zeevn zlawy zexbd zakrn rerx mceqi

m"anxdl aezky "htyn" lr xfeg xb lv` okle dliahd ,dliaha 'b jixv "htyn" 'qezdle zlaw lr xfeg jixv okle zeevn zeevn zlawa 'b

xwire li`edc ,m"anxdl `xaqdy xiaqdl xyt`e ,`aekirl dyly aiig dfa ,laehe lnyk `id zexbd mipiprd xzi lk la` ,akrne dia aizk htyn ik xwir zetqezdle ,dligzkl m` ik mpi` ,mixeywd m`e ,zeevnd zlaw envr lr lawnyk ,`ed htynd dlin dzid `l m` akrn `l ez ,dyly ipta mlaw .dyly ipta dliahe


y"`xde 'qezd zrca xg` xe`ia

,dliaha 'b opira `lc xnel egxkedy dn lkc ,xb dlila dcip zliah didz ji`c diyewd gkn `ed ,dyly ipta dliah dzid m` la` ,dyly ipta cnrna mipey`xd lkl xnelk ,icin edl dyw `l m"anxd oia dpin `wtpd wx ,dyly jixv zexbd onfa `l la` dyly eidyk didz zetqezde eid m` 'qezdle ,ibq `l m"anxdly ,dliahd ipdn dliaha eid `l elit` ,zeevn zlawa dyly .carica

o`k crc ,xnel mewn yi ,epgp` mipk m`e ,dyly ipta zakrn zeevn zlawc 'qezd eazk `l zliah ici lr xiibzzy dl zgkyn ikid uxzl wx evxize ,dyly dliah dze`a oi` ixdy dcp oiprlc ,dyly ipta ok iptl dlawy dl zgkync ztki` `l f`e ,dyly did t"kr ,zeevn zlaw dzid `l m`y 'qezd eazk `l la` ,dliaha ol dlinde dliahd la` dyly ipta zeevnd zlaw iedc m"anxdl ecei dfac xyt`c ,xb ied `l ,eid

mbc ccvl yi micen 'qezd dzid m`y ,'b ipta dliah zlaw opira `l 'b ipta zeevn

dkldl mdn dpin `wtpde ,dyelyl zexba mipte`d zwelg


:dkldl zewelg dnk epiptl ixd ok m`
zeevn zlaw dzid `l la` dliaha dyly eid .b oicd zetqezdl s`y okzie ,xb `ed m"anxdl ,llk mep`vn `le 'a dwelga miwleg mze` ep`vn ik ,ok .zwelgn oi` df hxta ik okzie ,ef dwelga miwleg dliaha `le zeevn zlawa `l dyly eid `l .` .xb epi` `nlr ilekl dyly eid `le ,zeevn zlawa dyly eid .a .xb epi` m"anxdl xb ied 'qezdl ,dliaha
dlerd mekq epixacn dkldl zrca o`k cr 'qezde m"anxd

xaeqy in mby l"i g"p`xdn t"r zecdi myl dliaha zllkp dlawd ,zakrn zeevn zlawy
ixiinc meyn ,zeevn zlaw ied `lc a"r d"n ,eixwl lahy yi`ae dzcipl dlahy dyi`a mzd zeevn zlaw jl oi` ,zexb myl elaha la` .efn dlecb `wtp oi`e ,`ziixe`c `letltl izazk df lke
`wtp oi` dkldl ep`y oeik dpin zrck miwqet m"anxde r"eyd zlaw oi`y zakrn zeevn

wiicl dvexy inl mb cer opeazdl yi llkae dn itl ,zakrn zeevn zlawc 'qezd zhiyl ixac jeza l"pd (a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdnd azky df gpen ik d`xp ik ,eixac wizr`e ,ezaeyz :l"fe ,my dkex`d ezaeyz lk jxe`l qtez `ed lawiy `l` ,oic ziaa didiy citw `lc d`xpe la` ,c"a opira dlaw `edd`c ,leahl eilr ,'eke eze` oiricen dlr opixn`c zeevn zlaw` ,'b ipta dliah dzidyk la` ,'eke c"a ira `l dlaw jl oi`c ,'ba zxg` zeevn zlaw `ira `l eze` oiricen `peeb i`d ike ,dliahd on dlecb gkenc ixd .y"r l"kr ,'eke `akrn `l i`ce melk dkixv dpi` 'b ipta dliahy g"p`xdnn `ed ik m`e .dpnn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi`e ccvl xyt` c"prl ,sqei iwenpd zrca z`f azk zecdi myl lahy lky ,'qezd zrca s` ok sca 'qezdn rnyny dne ,zeevn zlaw aiyg
ixac itl yi g"p`xdn zrca ccvl lahay 'qezd jl oi` zexb myl zeevn zlaw `le efn dlecb zlaw opira zeevn g"p`xdn oeyl daeyza

lra oxn zrck miwqet ep`y oeik ,dkldl dpin zlaw oi`y ,epgkedy enke ,m"anxd t"r r"eyd mipey`xd aex zhiyy epgkede ,zakrn zeevn ,i"enpd ,m"anxd] zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y sqei ziad ,cibnd axd ,dpyi dhiyd ,`"ahixd oeylk xgaend on devnl m` ik dpi`ye [cere oeylk zakrn dpi` zeevnd zlawy e` ,f"acxd mzlaw i` e` mzlaw oi`y epiide ,oeyy `"xdn g"ad yxetna azky enke ,ixnbl zakrn zlaw myl dzid `ly t"r` ,xyk m"anxdl"] opirac xaeqy inl mbye ,["xwire llk zeevn


dligzkly xexa zrced opira zeevn zvwn zexenge zelw oikix`n oi`e zrcede ,jka zcd ixwir jka oikix`ne

-
on dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` ,zeevn zlaw .g"p`xdn oeylk 'ba dliahd edericeiy jixv dligzkly xexa ixd

cegii `edy zcd ixwir eze` oiricen la` ,(a"d xiaqdy itke ,dfd xaca oikix`ne f"r xeqi`e myd ixwir md el`y oeiky heyt xacd ,dpyn cibnd mricedle ,xexaa mpin`dl jixv ,dpen`de zcd zcde zecdid xwir `edy dfa mnr jix`dle .zexbde

la`

oi`e oikix`n oi` mdae ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn c"it) a"eqi` zeklda m"anxd oeylk eilr oiwcwcn

zlawa r"eyd oxn zrc oipra cer dfa m"anxde s"ixd zrcae ,xba zeevn

`ean
, " " , , .

zakrn m`d zeevn zlaw


d`xp i"adn y"`xde 'qezdy s"ixd mr ewlgp m`a m"anxde 'ba zeevn zlaw zexbd zakrn e`l m`

`aeny dnae dxewna `ibeqa ahid oiirnd mle` ilecb da ewlgpy `l` ,ef zehytk `ly `vni ,i"aa zlawy ediinirce y"`xde 'qezd zrc ok`e ,mler s"ixd zrc mle`e .zakrn dyly ipta zeevn 'a z` `iad oxne ,zakrn dpi`y ediinirce m"anxde wx welgl e`a `l m"anxde s"ixdy ,l"xe .zehiyd ,carica mb dyly jixvy xingdle dliah oipra y"`xde 'qezdl l"qy dn lr mb welgl e`a `l`

ipiipr lk :l"fe ,('b sirq g"qx oniq) oxn azk oia dlind oia ,mlawl zevnd ericedl oia ,xbd 'qez) meiae oecl mixykd 'ba eidiy jixv ,dliahd ,carica la` ,dlgzkl `wec edin .(ulegd 't y"`xe zedbd) (miaexw e`) 'a ipta `l` lah e` ln `l m` yi` `l` ,zexb myl lah `l elit` ,dlilae (ikcxn xzene xb ied ,dzcpl dlahy dy`e eixwl lahy meia dpi` m` zakrny zevnd zlawn ueg ,zil`xyia e` lahy carica elit` ,m"anxdle s"ixdle .dylyae ,zil`xyia xeq`e ,akrn ,dlila e` mipy ipta ln opilqt `l ,oa dpnn cilede zil`xyi `yp m` la` .l"kr ,dil weqtl `ay drnyn oxn oeyl zehyt dxe`kle z` `iad aeye ,zakrn dyly ipta zeevn zlawy ,xnele ,y"`xde 'qezdn xzei xingdl m"anxde s"ixd .miakrn dyly ipta dline dliah s`y

r"eyd oxn oeyl g"qx 'iq c"eia 'b sirq

oxn zrcy d`xp m"anxde s"ixdk 'ba dliah wxy zexbd zakrn

weqtl oxn zrcc recie .zakrn zeevn zlawy wqet ocic oecipae ,cg` cbpk d`xed icenrn mipyk y"`xd `edy iyilyd cenrd cbpk m"anxde s"ixdk sirqa onwly hxtae .dligzn ezenk mzqc b"r` zlawy m"anxde s"ixd zrck `icdl oxn mzq ,a"i .zakrn dpi` zeevn x`al jix`p dzre ,mixac ly mxeviw md el` .el` mixacn hxte hxt lk miztene zeze`a gixkdle

`icdl x`ean ok oxn ixaca a"i sirqa

oeyl zehyt 'b sirqa r"eyd s`y xingdl 'ba dliah zexbd zakrn zlaw wx `le 'ba zeevn


"dzecpl dlah `l in"a a"r d"n zenaia mipey`xd zwelgn

.l"kr ,'eke dliahl `l la` ,zevnd zlawl epiid l"ie :l"fe ,(`"l oniq ulegd wxt) y"`xd azk oke `l la` zevnd zlawl epiid ,dyly opirac `d .l"kr ,dliahl

,m"anxde s"ixd mr y"`xde 'qezd ewlgp dpd :mzd `zi`c ,(:dn sc) zenaia `ibeqd xe`iaa zcaer `iddl dlah` in` xa `iig iaxc dicar ixeyk`l `pliki :sqei ax xn` ,`zzp` myl miakek `l in :iq` ax xn`c ,iq` axck da .dzxaae da lr `ad care miakek caer ,dzxaa .dzecpl dlah

`ibeqd xewn 'nba

dlerd dpwqnd mdixacn

,zakrn dylya zeevn zlawy mdixacn x`eane oaen dzre .zakrn dpi` dylya dline dliah mle` ,'it) mzrca cgia mipicd ipyd z` oxn sxiv recn ok zeevn zlawe dylya zakrn `l dliahy oicd z` 'qezl l"qy oeiknc ,dfa df miielz md ik ,(zakrn gkenck zakrn dpi` dylya dliahy y"`xde okl ,eixwl lah `l ine dzcpl dlah `l inc `ibeqdn ,zakrn dyly ipta zeevn zlawy xnel md migxken jixv xby opgei 'x xn`y dn z` cinrp dn lr k"l`c .dia aizk "htyn"c dyly

xa dil exw eedc `edd .xyk cled ,l`xyi za `edd .dzecpl dlah `l in :iq` ax xn` ,`ziinx` lah `l in :l"aix xn` ,d`nx` xa dil exw eedc .k"r ,eixwl

'qezd ixac itl xaig recn oaen z` r"eyd oxn cgi mipicd ipy epiidc ,mzrca `l 'ba dliahy zlawe zakrn zakrn zeevn

onwl xn`c dniz :l"fe ,(in d"ca) 'qezd eywde ,'eke dia aizk "htyn"c dyly jixv xbc (:en sc) 'it`e) dliah zrya odnr yi` `iadl miyp jxc oi`e ,dyly opirac i`d l"ie .'eke (o`k did `l cg`

'qezd oeyl xe`iaa y"`xde `ibeqd

l"pd `iyewd lr s"ixd uexiz


dyw dxe`kl wgcp recn `ivedl s"ixd 'nbd ziibeq `le dheytn 'qezdk uxiz ixiinc y"`xde zlaw dzidy 'ba zeevn

zibeq z` `ivedl s"ixd wgcp recn a"v dxe`kle jixv xb" opgei 'x xn`y dnc xnele dzehytn 'nbd `d ,dligzkl oic wx `ed ,"dia aizk htyn dyly xenb oic `edy rnyne ,`xwn dl yixc opgei 'x oia dfa wlgl jiiy ji`e ,opaxcn wx `le dxezdn 'qezd uexizk uxzl s"ixl dide .carical dligzkl ipta zeevn zlaw dzid xaky ecinrdy y"`xde

mb dywd ,'nbd zibeq lr l"pd `iyewk dpde opgei iaxc `idd jl `iyw i`e :l"fe (:eh sc) s"ixd l"iwe ,dia aizk htyn h"n dyly jixv xb xn`c oa ryedi iaxce iq` axc `d ,`iyw `l .`id `zkldc myl lahe li`ed ,dixal opilqt `lc `ed caric ,iel ,eixw myl lah ded `l ,`ed `xeib e`l i`c ,eixw `le xb bdpn dia opibdp `lc ,dligzkl ,opgei 'xc `de ,'it .l"kr ,'b ipta liahc cr l`xyi za dil opiaqpn ,(xac lka oiae dliaha oia) xba dyly jixvy dn lk envr oial epia 'it` ,carica la` ,dligzkl wx `ed ipta leahl dligzkl jixv dfd xbd ,jkitle .xyk .l`xyi za el mi`iyn `l lah `ly onf lke ,dyly mditlk aiyg ,xak eclepy oeik ,eicli oiprl ok` oxn azky dn f"tle] .l`xyi oick mpice ,carica xbd lr dpeekd ,dylya dliah zakrny s"ixd zrca aiyge leahl oiicr leki cinz ik ,akrn dfc ,envr `l caricay s"ixd azky dne ,dligzklk dicicl ixd ,ezliah z` leqtp m`y ,erxf itlk epiid ,akrn .[akrn `le carick mpic okl ,miebk mdy

s"ixd oeyl `ibeqd xe`aa

s"ixdy jgxk lr zlaw oi`y xaeq zakrn zeevn `l okle zexbd uxzl lki y"`xde 'qezdk

wlg dpi` zeevn zlawy l"q s"ixdc l"ve .dyly ,df xbl llk wwcfpy daqd `id `l` ,zexbd zelgn wlgk zeevn zlaw ly df oic `iad `ly dnn gkencke `l ,oky oeike .dliahde dlind xikfd wxe ,zexbdn dyri dliahd z`e dyly ipta zeevn lawiy dn lirei 'it` akrn "htyn"c `nip i` ,envr oial epia

ixac xe`ia s"ixd

ziigcl oeiqp df gxkd

xaqc xnele ,df gxkd zegcl mewn did ok` .carica zlaw lr oia zexbd ipipr lk lr i`w "htyn"c s"ixd 'qezd uexizn icp okle ,dline dliah lr oiae zeevn .zeevn zlaw lr wx i`w "htyn"y l"qc y"`xde

zrca oxn y"n dliahy s"ixd epiid ,zakrn 'ba ,envr xbd oiiprl oiiprl `l la` erxf zliqt

oeiqpd ziigc

,s"ixd zrca mipey`xd zehiya epixac jyndn mle` .xwird `ed epazky oey`xd uexizdy x`azi


o"anxd uexize s"ixd lr mipey`xd ziyew
dligzklc meyn ,dyly ipta lahc cr l`xyi za .l"kr ,'eke dliaha oia dlawa oia dyly opira
o"anxd uexz 'qezd uexzk siqedy `l` mdixac lr hrn

iwenp `"ahix `"ayx o"anx) mipey`xd eywde (.fn sc) onwl ixdc ,s"ixd zhiy lr (cere sqei mipte`a) envr oial epia xiibzpy xn`y xb :`zi` s"ixd azek cvike ,xb epi` ,(ok xnel on`py o"anxd yxit ,ef `iyew jezne .xb ied caricay zeevn zlaw iabc xnel xyt`e :l"fe ,xg` ote`a ,dia aizk "htyn"c ,carica elit` dyly jixv epi` o`k s` ,oic odipic oi` epcy mipy mzd dn oiyper zvwn edericedy in la` ,carica elit` xb leahl c"aa eilr laiwe oxky ozne zevn ly df ixd c"a ipta `ly lahe lne jld m` ,lenle dicicl dil opiaqpn `le ,dirxfl opilqt `le xyk

mr l"pd 'qezd uexizk o"anxd zpeek zehytae zlawa akrn dyly r"ekly xn`w ikde ,ztqez o"anxd siqen wxe ."htyn" miiwzn dfae ,zeevn leahl xbd jixv okle ,dyly jixv dliaha mby erxf iab wxe ,dyly ipta dliah miiwl ick aey dliahdy opixn` ,eclep xak ik ,carica aiygy zrck `id ef dtqede) ,zakrn `l dyly ipta

s"ixd lr diyew xiibzpy xb oicn envr oial epia xb ied `lc zenaia x`eank (.fn) o"anxd uexz

oia n"wtpd 'qezd uexz o"anxd uexzl

did m`y mixaeqy 'qezd ixack `ly dfe .(s"ixd oial epia dzid dliahde ,zeevnd zlawa dyly .aey leahl jixv oi` ,envr

dnvr ipta dhiy e` s"ixd zrca `ed o"anxd uexiz m`d


axd oeyln lcbnde cibnd e`iady fer o"anxd ixac mdy rnyn `edy mipian s"ixd lr wleg

ixeqi` zekldn b"it) cibnd axd ixacn mb ixac z` e`iady ,(i"d) my fer lcbnde ,(h"d d`ia uexiz md o"anxd ixacy l"qy x`ean ,o"anxd mi`a mpi`e ,'nbd zibeq lr `iyewl envr ipta :l"fe ,azk fer lcbnae) ,s"ixd zrc z` uxzl ,[s"ixd ly] eixac z` [o"anxd] d`x `l jkitle

'qezd zexaq z` o"anxd xaigy s` ,zehytae dnvr ipta dhiy `ed evexiz n"n ,cgia s"ixde xikfd `l s"ixd ixdc ,s"ixd zrca xe`ia df oi`e xwir df o"anxd ixaca eli`e) ,zeevn zlawn melk `l dxe`kl `"ayxd oeyln ok` .(uexizd ceqi axd ixac cinrdl x"p o"anxd azk :l"fe ,ok rnyn oia dlina oia dyly jixv dligzklc ,l"f iqtl` elit` ,ixnbl envr oial epia xiibzp eli`e ,dliaha ,dia aizk htync ,`ed xenb iebe ,xb epi` carica leahle lenl dyly ipta dilr liaw i` la` epia lah e` lne jlde epick zevn zvwn edericede opilqt `le (l"vk) "carica" `ed xb ,envr oial l`xyi za opiaqpn `l dicicl la` ,dirxfl .l"kr ,dligzkl `a o"anxdy cenll `"ayxd zpeek ef m` mle` `"ayxd ixac oi` k"` ,s"ixd zrc z` x`al dn caln z`fe .(x`apy enke) mipey`xa minkqen zlaw dzidy s"ixd uexiza qinrdl c`n dywy xikfd `l s"ixd ixdc ,akrn dfye dyly ipta zeevn micnely dn lky rnyn epeylny cere .llk z`f epi` carica la` ,dligzkl wx `ed ,"htyn"n dylya zeevn zlawy ezrca xn`p ji`e ,akrn ,"htyn" aezky meyn erxf leqtl 'it` zakrn .r"ve

d`xp zehyta o"anxd uexzy ipta dhiy `ed epi`e dnvr ixac xe`ia s"ixd `"ayxd oeyln oiany d`xp azk o"anxdy zrca eixac s"ixd

`"xdna mb l"aixdnae oeyy gxt z"eyae oxd` dhn i"wenpae x`ean ixi`nae o"anxde s"ixdy miwleg

`"xdn z"eya mb x`ean oke .(miwleg mdy ixde oniq `"g) al oa i"xdn z"eya oke ,('k oniq) oeyy dhiy el qtez ,l"f (l"vk) o"anxde :l"fe ,(a"i opilqt `lc ikid carica elit`c ,xingdl zxg` c"a ipta dzid zevnd zlawy micr jixv ,dixal .l"kr ,enya dpyn cibnd axd azky enke ,'eke ,(`"p oniq a"g) oxd` dhn gxt z"eya mb azk oke (:eh sc) sqei iwenipd 'it`e .ibilt o"anxde s"ixdy :l"fe azke miiq ,o"anxd uexizk dligza uxizy oia wlgl md evxizy enk ,l"f s"ix zrc edine `ly carica eixwl lah m`y ,dligzkl caric zxaq `id oke .l"kr ,dixal opilqt `l ,c"aa s"ixdy (:gq sc) zayae (:dn zenaia) ixi`nd ezrcl zakrn oi`e ,caricae dligzkl oia wlgn .dyly ipta dliahd

zrca df xe`ia dyw o"anxd dnkn ce`n minrh

ixacn mb xehde y"`xd wxy x`ean ira dligzkl dliah s"ixdl 'ba

yi ,(`"l oniq seqa) y"`xd ixacn

'it`e

azk l"f qtl` axe :l"fe azky ,ok gikedl za dil opiaqpn `lc dyly opira dligzklc

`l carica la` ,dyly ipta liahc cr l`xyi oke .l"kr ,'b ipta lah `l m` dixal opilqt axle :l"fe azky ,(g"qx oniqa) xehd eixg` jynp e` mipy ipta ln e` lahy carica elit` qtl` `yp m` la` ,zil`xyia xeq`e akrn ,dlila .l"kr ,dil opilqt `l ,oa dpnn cilede zil`xyi wlgny eheytk s"ixd uexiz z` epiady x`eane

ztqezd z` etiqed `le ,carica oiae dligzkl oia ipta zeevn zlaw dzid t"kry ,o"anxd azky azky s"ixd oeyl zehytl ep` mixfeg k"`e ,dyly wx `ed ,"htyn"n cnly opgei 'x ly epic lky
wiicl yi xehde y"`xdn oi` s"ixdlc zeevn zlaw zakrn

micen xehde y"`xd mby `vnp `linne ,dligzkl zakrn dyly ipta zeevn zlaw oi`y s"ixd zrca .carica

zeevn zlawa 'b miakrn oi` s"ixlc mipey`xd aex zrc


aex ixacn d`xp mipey`xd mipiany `a o"anxdy s"ixd lr welgl qipkdl `le zrca eixac s"ixd

mdy `icdl x`ean ,ep`ady mipey`xd x`y ixacae dxe`kly `xaqn epgked mbe ,miwlege micxtp mivexiz ipta zeevn zlawy xeaqi s"ixdy xnel xyt` i` ycigy opgei 'x ixacy l"q ixdc ,zakrn dyly `le dligzkl wx md ,dyly eidiy cr akrny zlawy `id s"ixd zrcy mikqdl lkepy ixd .carica wleg `ede ,carica zakrn dpi` dyly ipta zeevn .y"`xde 'qezd lr dfa

`"ayxd wxy ,dzr cr epixacn micnl ep`vnp zhiy z` cinrdl `ed o"anxd uexizy l"qc `ed xnel ezpeek m`d ltltl yi eixaca mbe .s"ixd z` cinrn wxy e` ,s"ixa eixac z` qinrn o"anxdy oipra carical dligzkl oia wligy s"ixd zhiy o"anxd siqed `dc ,evexizk l"q `l la` ,dliahd `l dfe ,dyly ipta zeevn zlaw dligzn did t"kry ,wtzqdl epl yi `"ayxd ixacay oeike .s"ixa xkfp

wtzqdl yi `"ayxd zpeeka ezpeek m`d qinrn o"anxdy zrca eixac wxy e` s"ixd z` cinrdl `a s"ixd zhiy

y"`xde 'qezd lr wleg s"ixdy oxn zrc


xnel xyt` i` wqty oxny xingn s"ixdk zeevn zlawy zakrn 'ba

lr siqedl ezpeeky s"ixd zrca oxn xeaqiy ipta dliah mby xingdle y"`xde 'qezd ixac lr `le envr xbd lr epiidc) zakrn dyly dn caln dfe .wleg s"ixd jgxk lrc ,(erxf 'qezd lr bilt i`ce m"anxdy onwl gikepy

epazke ,mda epgzty oxn ixacl xefgp dzre ztqezk s"ixd zrc z` `iad oxny okziy ccvl zlawy wx `ly ,xnelk ,y"`xde 'qezd zrc lr dliah jixv mb `l` ,zakrn dyly ipta zeevn `id ef ,jxe`a o`k x`aznl ok` .dyly ipta `le wleg s"ixd la` ,evexiza o"anxd zhiy leqtl 'it` zakrn dylya zeevn zlawy l"q "htyn"y opgei 'x ixac lky l"q `l` ,erxf xnel xyt` i` k"`e ,dligzkl wx md ,akrn

o"anxd zrc mb 'b opirac zeevnd zlawa dliaha mbe

oxn wqty dnn l"qc m"anxdk oi`y `icdl zeevn zlaw deeyde zakrn s"ixd zrc z` l"qc gken ,eil` m"anxde s"ixdc 'qezd lr ibilt y"`xde

zhiyl s"ixd zhiy z` deyd ixd oxne ,y"`xde azky dn zegcl ick ic yi dfae] .m"anxd oniq dlin zekld seq) cec dpg zixw z"eya .[(e"h

xaeq s"ixd zeevn zlawy mpi` ,zexba 'be z` miakrn carica zexbd

m"anxd mb xaeq s"ixd zhiyk


b"it) m"anxd ixac z` wizrp z`f oiadl icke .zg`
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita h"d

,fer lcbndn d`xp oke ,ixi`nde cibnd axd dpde oniq `"g) l"aixdn z"eyae (g"qx oniqa) g"ade i"ade ixeiya 'r] cere (a - a"v oniq `"g) g"p`xdne ,(a"i ,('h ze` sqei zia zedbd g"qx oniq) dlecbd zqpk z` zeeydl l"q edlek ,[dfa mixacnd on cer sq`y epgleya o`k oxn ixaca x`eank ,m"anxde s"ixd zrc drcl m"anxde s"ixd ixac z` deeydy df sirqa

depi`xy zxeib :l"fe azky (h"d d`ia ixeqi` zekldn dzcpl leahzy oebk ,cinz l`xyi ikxca zbdep bdepy xb oke ,dfa `veike dzqirn dnexz yixtze el` ixd ,zevnd lk dyere eixwl laehy l`xyi ikxca iptl oicirny micr my oi`y t"r`e ,wcv ixb zwfga oi` ,l`xyia axrzdl e`a m` k"tr`e .exiibzpy in

daxd zrc ilecbe ,mipey`x ,mipexg`d zrc z` zeeydl m"anxde s"ixd


exiibzp `ly yegl xyti` ikid :ixn`w ikd ,"dlah mixenb mil`xyik zevnd lka mibdep md ixde ,ie`xk ,hwpc (dzcple eixwl) dliahe ,oz`nehn milaehe k"b jixvy xaeq epiaxy ok mb xyt`e ,`wec e`l cg` dliahdy itl ,xac dfi`l elahy i`ce rceiy `a m`y ,epiax x`ia k"tr`e .zexbd ipiiprn s"ixd) zekldae .di`x `iadl jixv l`xyia axrzdl ,epiax ixacl mdixac miaexwe .'eke exn` (l"pd .l"kr

-
,epipta elahiy cr e` micr e`iaiy cr mze` oi`iyn .l"kr ,m"ekr ewfgede li`ed zxeib :l"fe ,cibnd axd eixac lr

azke

eedc `edd ,my .'eke l`xyi ikxca zbdep depi`xy dlah `l in iy` ax xn` ,`ziinx` xa dil exw l"aix xn` ,d`nx` xa dil exw eedc `edd .dzecpl `edy epiax ixacn d`xpe .eixwl liah `l ine e` ,xn`w eclep xaky mipad xiykdlc ,yxtn `l in" ixn`w ike ,mixenb mixb zwfga owifgdl

cibnd axd oeyl df lr

s"ixd zhiya ixi`nd ixac


bdep eia` z` epi`xy `wec e`l ,'it) zebdpd md zecdi ly zebdpd x`ya 'it` `l` ,dliaha
ixac xe`ia cvike ixi`nd itl zayiizn ziiyew eixac xbn mipey`xd epia xiibzpy envr oial

,m"anxdl s"ixd ixac oia xywd z` oiadle s"ixd lr mipey`xd ziyew dfa zayein cvike oeyl z` wizrp ,envr oial epia xiibzpy xb oicn (s"ixd) miwqetd ilecbe :l"fe ,oiibeqa ixi`nd l"x ,dligzkl `l` dyly jixv exn` `ly ,evxiz zepa dligzkl e`iydl l`xyi bdpn ea oibdep oi`y micra xxaziy e` dyly ipta exiibziy cr l`xyi opilqt `l ,carica la` ,exiibzp dyly iptay (.fn sc) dhnl exn`y dnn mdilr miywne .edl el exn`e ,invr oial ipia izxiibzp xn`c `edda eixacl daxc`e ,iebl zecr oi`e dz` ieb jixacl xne`da (.aq sc) oiyeciw zkqna oke ,`ed l`xyi exn` ,ixiibzzy xg`l il zycewn z` ixd dy`l ine ,dyly jixv `dc xnelk ,"`ed ecia e`l xb" ixack) `zi` m`e ,`pic ia dil iwwcfinc xnii .ecia inp xb ,(dyly ila liren caricay s"ixd ,miwqetd ilecb ly) mpeyln d`xp mewn lkne ,(epziibeq yexita) mzpeek `id jky (s"ixd li`ed ,l`xyi bdpn bdep edepi`x elit` dligzklc ipta xiibzpy xne` `edy t"r` ,ieba wfged xake ,l`xyi zaa ed`iypy dligzkl on`p epi` ,dyly enk dyly ipta aey leahiy e`) micr `iaiy cr eixac lr oikneq micr `lay t"r`e ,(s"ixa azky ,mixac x`ye oixeqi` oipra ezbdpd oiprl zecra oi`iven qpk elit`e ,xxaiy cr `wec oi`eyip oiprl oilqet oi` cilede `yp m` la` ,ciled `ly lk e` eiexiwl laeh eia` z` epi`xy xg`n ,epa z` xaky mze` oiwifgn ,dzcpl zlaeh en` z` x`ya oicd `ed df zrcle ,dyly ipta exiibzp

xne`a ixiin oiibeq ,'it .l"kr ,(oad lr migiken wfgen did `edy oeikn ok` ,dyly ipta xiibzpy dy` e`iydl oiprl el mipin`n ep` oi` ,ieba epl `ibeqn ocic `ibeq dpey dfae .(micr `iaiy cr) `edy oeik myy ,envr oial epia xiibzpy xbc leqt `ed okl ,dyly ipta xiibzp `ly dcen .(l"pd mipey`xd ziyew zayiizn dfae) eixacl

ixac oia xywd ,m"anxdl s"ixd zayiizn cvike ziiyew lr mipey`xd xb oicn s"ixd epia xiibzpy envr oial ixi`nd oeyl

g"ade ixi`nd z` mix`an axdk s"ixd zrc zrca cibnd wlgl ,m"anxd wfgedy xb oia opilzc zexyka xiibzp i`cey `ll 'b ipta wfged

weica ,s"ixd zrc z` yxtn ixi`ndy `vnpe wfgen `ed m`y epiide .m"anxa cibnd axd yexitk dgiken eixwl ezliahy opixn` ,zexyk zwfga epl mle` .obedk dyly ipta ezexba lah i`cey epl enke) liren `ly ,invr oial ipia izxiibzp xne`a did `ly `kid ixiin ,('f dklda m"anxd wqty s"ixd zrc z` jxe`a yxit oke .zexyka epl wfgen .g"aa

ltk ixi`nd mb df xe`a zay zkqna xb ziibeqa oial xiibzpy miiebd

,s"ixd zrca eixac z` zipy ixi`nd ltke xb xn`z `nye :(:gq sc seq) zaya l"fe rci `ly xyt` j`id ,`din miebd oia xiibzpy miricene dyly jixv `ed ixde ,mlern zay oipr .zenaia x`azdy enk ,zexenge zelw zevn eze` ,c"a zrc lr eze` oiliahny ohw xba xyt` ,dyly `la xiibzp `ny e` .mlern xikd `le oeyld zernync) miebd oia xiibzpy xn`y enke jixvy `ed dligzkle ,(l`xyi my did `ly lr ,envr oial epia 'it` carica la` ,dyly s"ixd epiide) miwqetd ilecb my ewqty jxcd


mdixac xe`ia

lky ,eheytk s"ixa cnly x`eane .l"kr ,(l"pd zlawl oia ,dyly epiidc ,"htyn" jixvy dn carica la` ,dligzkl wx `ed dliahl oiae zeevn .ipdn .fn sca) onwl 'qezd ef dhiy e`iad

lky l"pd s"ixd zhiyk eyxity epiide .l"kr yi wx] .dligzkl wx `ed dyly jixvy dn 'qezd zhiyl zxzeq efd 'qezd zhiyy ,xirdl oke ,akrn carica mby zehyta l"qy l"pd `hiyty htyn d"ca :en sc seqa mdixacl xzeq ilra epericed xak mle` .akrn dylyy my edl ilra dnke dnk i"r eazkp 'qezd ixacy ,millkd .[edpynl cg` 'qez ixacn zeywdl oi`e ,'qez

dfa 'qezd zhiy z` zxzeq mixeaca mzhiy dylyy mixg` zexba miakrn "htyn" aizkcn ef dxrd aeyi

oke

`ly envr oial epia xiibzpy xb iab ,(yi d"ca epiid 'b opirac `d i` ,`din dnize :l"fe ,ipdn ,'eke xyk inp cg caric la` dligzkl `wec

'qezd mb (.fn) zenaia ef dhiy e`iad 'qezd oeyl

i"aa azky enke m"anxde s"ixd zrca dpyn cibnd zrck oxn zxaq
wqet oxny i`ce m"anxde s"ixdk mdy y"`xd cbp icenr 'b jezn 'a y"nke d`xed mixvn xdp axd xne` riaide

ezncwda envr oxn y"nk) iyilyd cbp d`xed icenrn cbpk zg` dhiya md m"anxde s"ixdyk hxtae ,(i"al z` `iade y"`xdk mzqy mewna s` k"` ,y"`xd l"q z`f lka ,mzenya m"anxde s"ixd zhiy mixb zekld mixvn xdp axd azky enke .ediizeek xe`n oxn e`iade ,ocic oecipa (a"iw sc ,b"i sirq) ,'i ze` h"i oniq c"ei `"g xne` riai z"eya) l`xyi ,(xwir l"p oke my azke ,e"k oniq c"ei 'i wlgae

m"anxde s"ixd zhiy `id dn xxazpy xg` dzre l"qc epiide ,ediinirce ixi`nde cibnd axd itl dliah wxe carica akrn epi` "htyn"c edieexzl epgleya ewqta oxny xexa .zakrn dyly ipta `iad mye ,sqei ziaa e`ay eixac lr jnzqn xedhd yexit z`e) cibnd axd yexit z` wx s"ixd zrca z` wizrdy dwzrdd jeza yexit cerk `iad o"anxd dfa `veiky s"ixd ixac lr azke ,(cibnd axd ixac ,r"eya oxn azkc dnc epl ixd .m"anxd ixac md ln e` lahy carica elit` m"anxdle s"ixdle : l"fe m` la` ,zil`xyia xeq`e akrn dlila e` mipy ipta .l"kr ,dil opilqt `l oa dpnn cilede zil`xyi `yp m"anxde s"ixd zrca i"aa o`k exe`ia t"r `ed `l mdy dnnc ."eixwl lah `l in"c `ibeqd zpada ipta zeevn zlawy y"`xde 'qezd uexizk evxiz wx `ed "htyn" oic lky l"qc gken ,zakrn dyly .akrn epi` carica la` dligzkl mipyk wqet cinz oxny epicia `ed llky oeike
ixac x`al yi `dc r"eya oxn zexba 'b opirac dligzkl wx `ed `iad i"aa oxn axd oeyl z` wx zrca cibnd eilr azke ,s"ixd zrc oky m"anxd

m` oxn zrcl dliah dzid `l leahl jixv 'ba lah `l m`e aey ,zil`xyia xq`p `ypy caricae mixyk eipa

s"ixdk weqtl `a oxny ixd .dfa sq`y dn y"re jixv dylya dliah dzid `l m`y xingdle m"anxde eze` xeq`p aey leahi `ly lke ,aey leahl `ly epiide eipa z` xiykp carica wxe) zil`xyia oi`c l"q oke .(zil`xyin ieb clek minebt eaygi `ed "htyn" oicc zakrn dyly ipta zeevn zlaw epx`iay enk ef dhiy ceqi `ed dfc .dligzkl wx

oxn zrcc d`xp zlaw oi`y 'ba zeevn zakrn

mxewna oxn ixaca oeird xg` daxc` k"`e .jxe`a ipta zeevn zlawy wqety `vnp ,i"aae zeibeqa .zakrn dpi` dyly

oxn zrcl carica xb ied m`d ,zeevn ler eilr laiw `le xiibzp
xba epl dnc ,exiibl xiibzdl `al llk miqgiizn `le exiibe exar m` n"n ,zeevn `la iebk bdpziy cg` l`a dpen`d z` eilr laiw wxe ,zeevn ler laiw .xb ied carica
31

zlawy oxnl l"qc wx `ly ,gikedl `eap dzre `l m` s`y `l` ,zakrn dpi` dyly ipta zeevn ceqiy mbd .carica xb ied k"b ,llk zeevn laiw oi` dicrlaye ,zeevn zlaw `ed zexbd zligze

zrcc gikedl yi `l elit`y oxn llk zeevn laiw carica xb ied

,f"ra dxitke

13. , " " ' " " " " ", . ' ", " " " ' " " " " " " " "


cibnd axd oeyl ixac xe`aa m"anxd

-
sirq) onwlc envr oxn ixacn z`f gikepy mcewe ,(f"i dklda) m"anxd ixacn ,mxewn z` `iap ,(a"i edericed `ly e` ,eixg` ewca `ly xb :l"fe azky df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe lne ,oypere zevnd lne li`ed ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay rcep elit` ,xb `ly ,'it) el oiyyege ,m"ekrd llkn `vi lahe xfg elit`e .ezewcv x`aziy cr (32 l`xyi za e`iydl ,oiyeciw eiyeciwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd ,f"r care ,l`xyik dyrp lahy xg`n ,ezcia` xifgdl devne dlbpy t"r`e odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle miny myl dzid `ly dna ozexb zlhazn `lc) oceq od ixd f"r ecary s` `l` ,zeevnd meiw liayae .l"kr ,(oniiwl mdl xzen did okle ,xnen l`xyik
m"anxd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita xewn mdy f"id c"eia oxn ixac a"iq g"qx 'iq

:l"fe cibnd axd azk ,m"anxd ixac xe`iae zrced oi`y heyt df .'eke eixg` ewca `ly xb el ericed `ly xb okle) caric akrn zevnd sc) ulegd wxta exn`e .(carica xb ied ,zeevnd .eixac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd ,dlre lah (:fn ,l`xyi za ycwne dia xcd i`c ,`zklid i`nl ,oiyeciw eiyeciwe ,dia `pixw xnen l`xyic ,yciw epnn lhazn `l ,exeql xfg m` 'it` okle .l"kr ala `a `ly rxtnl xxazpy 'it`e ,l`xyi my lka ,oeynye dnly iyp dyrnke ,eceq dlbpe mly cearl exfgy 'it` mixenb mil`xyik md ixd ote` .f"r

zakrn dpi` dlawd mb ,zakrn dpi` zeevn zrced m`


ly 'it` zeevn ly ozedn eze` ericedy ila epi` ixdc ,zeevn ler zlaw ied `ly i`ce ,ozvwn
dlawde drcedd md cg` xac drceddy myke d"d zakrn dpi` okye dlawd mb x`azn r"eyd oeyln 'b sirqa

m"anxd ixaca cibnd axd cnly dnn dpde ,dicrla mb xb iede zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y ik .zakrn `l zeevnd zlaw mby d"dy heyt enke) cg` xac `ed ozlawe zeevnd zrced zn`a `le ,mipexg`e mipey`x daxdn onwl z`f gikepy xiivy dxwndn gken oke .(dfa miwleg yiy mlrp b"dka ixiin ixdc ,zeevn zlaw dzid `ly m"anxd ,`l e` zeyi` myl `a m` eze` ewca `l 'it`y ipta lkd dyrpe zeevnd el ericed `l mbe s` t"kry xnele wegcl ce`n dyw k"` .zeheicd

oia wlgl oi`y zeevnd zrced ozlawl

drceddy i`ce `l` .lawn `ed dn llk rcei ,zakrn dpi` drcedd m`e ,cg` oipr `ed dlawde oke .zakrn dpi` dzngn d`ad dlawd mb `linn ,'b sirq zligza xehde r"eyd oxn oeyl `ed zevnd ericedl oia ,xbd ipiipr lk" eazky ,mlawl liaya `id zeevnd zrcedy ixd ,"mlawl .l"pke dlaw oi` drced ilae

jkl dgked xiivy xeivdn dklda m"anxd ef

g"ad oeyla m"anxd zrca zlawy yxetn dpi` zeevn t"r` zakrn hwp m"anxdy drced epeyla

d"ca g"qx oniq) g"ad ixaca miyxetn mixacde ,m"anxd zrca azky (h"tw 'nr g"ncpa dkld oiprle xykc m"anxd azk ,'eke dliaha dyly eidyke :l"fe .l"kr ,xwir lk zevn zlaw myl dzid `ly t"r` dzid `l drced dzid `l m`y ,heyt xack cnly ixd .dlaw mb

,zeevnd ly zillk dlaw dzid ,drced dzid `ly mxikfdy dliahe dlin wx dzidy rnyn `l` m"anxd dxikfd `ly dlaw `le yexita m"anxd dzid t"kry xnel xazqn `l ,df calne .llk melk eze` ericed `l m` lawi dnc ,zeevn zlaw zeevn ler eilr lawiy mzq el xnele ,zeevnd on
ztqep dgked xaecn `ly jkl zlaw dzidya zeevn

' ' " ": " . , " ', " '. '23. , " ' " ", " " " " ' ", ' " " ' ', . " .

`ed cg` xac ozlawe zeevnd zrcedy ,mipey`xde i"yxitne 'nbdn dgked
car ly xexgiy yiw`c i`dc .c"qw :l"fe my zryay ,xn`w lawl ,miakek caerd zexbl .l"kr
dx`ia recn miriceny 'nbd zeevnd eze` `le yextiy ick ick dx`ia lawiy

dlawde drceddy xn`p m`c ,migxken mixacde `ziixaa llk xkfp `lc b"rv k"` ,mixac ipy md mbe ,zeevn zlaw oipr ,xb ipic ly zixwird zlaw oipr xkfp `l m"anxd ixac lka zehyta "laiw" (:fn zenai) `ziixad dxn`y dne .zeevn zlaw ixdc ,zeevn zlaw df oi` ,cin eze` oiln x`eanke miwqetd aexl dliahd zrya `id zeevn ,"laiw" zaiz yexite ,(jenqa epeyl `aei) i"yxa eze` oiln f` l`xyi zeidl envr lr laiwy `ed .cin drceddy (my) zenaia i"yx oeyl dxen oke eze` oiricene :l"fe azky ,`id zg` dlawde llkl qpkp `ed dliah i"r `zydc .zevn zvwn eilr lawl jixv devn zliah zrya jkld ,zexb sc sqei iwenpd mb ewizrde) .l"kr ,zevn ler zryay dipyd drceddy ixd .(epz d"ca .fh i"yx azk cere .zeevnd lawl liaya `id dliahd

,zevn zvwn ericedl jixv card xexgy zliah

`ziixad oeyla ipic ly zixwird oeylae xbd xkfp `l ,m"anxd zlaw oiipr zeevnd zaiz xe`ia 'nba xkfpd laiw (:fn sc) zenai

z` el miriceny dnc (my) 'nbd dxn`y dne l`xyil mixb miyw ik ,yextiy liaya `ed zevnd `id zeevnd zrcedy zehiyta dxn` `le ,zgtqk zxacn 'nbdy meyn `ed .eilr mze` lawiy liaya mcew dligzn el miriceny zeevnd zrced lr oi` m` yextiy liaya ziyrp zn`a `ide ,dlind mrta zeevnd zrced mle` .xiibzdl xenb oevx el dze`a f` lawiy liaya `id ,dliahd zrya dipyd `idy i"yxit ef drced lre ,zeevn ler eilr dry oia ,dl`d zercedd izy t"kre .dlaw ly oipr ,lawiy ick drcedd oiae ,yextiy ick drcedd zrca cibnd axd azky enke ,zeakrn mpi` .m"anxd

i"yx oeyln mb drceddy gken md cg dlawde

zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawy m"anxd zrck oxn zrc


dlerd dpwqnd oxn oeyln a"i sirqa x`azn l"pd itk oxn oeyl mb 'b sirqa

zakrn zeevnd zrced oi`y wqty `icdl ixd zakrn dpi` zeevn zlaw mb `linne ,m"anxd ixacke oxn azky dny cer cnl dz` o`kne .epgkedy enk azk ,"zakrn dyly ipta zeevn zlaw"y 'b sirqa wqt dkldl mle` .y"`xde 'qezd zhiyl `wec ok mey oi`e .zakrn dpi`c l"qc m"anxde s"ixd ixack `la xyeia oxn ixac elr dfae ,oxn ixaca dxizq .ywire lztp

ewca `ly m"anxa x`eand dfd xbd oipra okle dzid `l i`cea ,zeevnd eze` ericed `lye eixg` xg` `id dlawdy ,x`al epyliye epltky enke ,dlaw ,dliahd zrya g"zd eze` miriceny drcedd ixd ef dlawe drced dzyrp `ly 'it`y azk m"anxde ,a"i sirqa r"eya ixdc ,oxn zrc mb ef k"` ,xb df `aiyk :l"fe ,elld m"anxd ixac lkk dkldl wqt ,lehiy oenn llba `ny eixg` miwcea ,xiibzdl xbd qpkil `a cgtd iptn e` ,dl dkfiy dxxy liaya e` mdl miricen ,dlir mdl z`vnp `l m`e .'eke zcl inr lr dziiyra yiy gxehe ,dxezd ler caek e`xe ,eyxit `le elaiw m` .eyxtiy ick ,zevx`d ewca `l m`e .mze` milawn ,dad`n exfgy mze` lne ,oypere zevnd xky edericed `ly e` ,eixg` liayay rcep 'it` ,xb df ixd ,zeheicd 'b ipta lahe icaerd llkn `vi ,lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn `ed xac xfg elit`e ;ezwcv xxazzy cr el miyyege ,miakek eiyecwy xnen l`xyik `ed ixd ,miakek zcear care .l"kr ,oiyecw

m"anxd zrc oi`y oxne zlawe zrced zakrn zeevnd oke zexbd oeyln x`azn a"i sirqa oxn

sirqa oxn oeyl a"i

ipiipra cgeina itl lkd zexb c"ad ipir ze`x

,(b"k w"q) j"yd ixac z` siqedl mewnd o`ke d"ca :ck zenai) 'qezd eazke :l"fe ,i"ad ixac t"r lldc dinwl `z`c (.`l sc) zayc a"tc `iddc ,(`l eteqc did geha ,lecb odk did`y zpn lr ipxiib l"`e itl lkdc cenll yi o`kne .'eke miny myl zeyrl ze`) dyixc zedbda k"ke .i"a l"kr ,c"ad ipir ze`x oiicd rceiy 'it` dligzkl minrtly epiide .l"kr ,('f m` ,xac dfi` myl `l` miny myl xiibzn epi`y dyrnk exiibl yi ,wcv xb zeidl eteqy eipir ze`ex gzti"e ,xec lkay c"ad ipir ze`x itl lkde ,lld ."execa l`enyk execa

-
"caric akrn zevnd zrced oi`y heyt df"c cibnd axd ixac xewn

enke (exiibzpy micr oi`e ,dfa `veike dzqirn dnexz e`a m` ,ok t"r`e :l"fe ,(h"d b"ita) azky izxkfdy micr e`iaiy cr ,mze` oi`iyn oi` ,l`xyia axrzdl .l"kr ,m"ekr ewfgede li`ed epipta elahiy cr e` ixd ,didiy dn didi ,dliaha `l` aekird oi`y rnync xn`p ok m`e .zakrn dpi` zevnd zlawy o`kn d`xp ixdy dxeyke obedk dliahd dl dzlry el` zrcly `id ixde ,(zeevna zbdep dzidy my dxwna) lkl dreci l"f mzrcl zakrn dpi` zevnd zlawe dyly iptak
ixacn mb oeyy `"xdn oiany gken zeevnd zlawy `cg mzrcede `id

heyt df"c cibnd axdl jk lk dil `hiytc dn ok` df lr qtz xak ,"caric akrn zevnd zrced oi`y :l"fe azke ,('k oniq) zn` zxez z"eya oeyy `"xdn exn` milecb dnke ,heyt `edy azk ji` iz`ltpe xnelk) enya dlrnl azk `edy o"anxd hxtae ,jtdl dn (o"anxd mya 'h dklda `iad envr cibnd axdy micr `ki`y cr ,opixykn `l dirxfl 'it`y ,azky `edy xn`y dn s`y xn`py s`e .dyly ipta dlawy .zehiyt jd l"pn izk` .l"f m"anxd zrcl `ed ,heyt epiax xikfd `ly dnn ok azky xyt`y zn` od ,'it) envr xykda elit` ,dliahd `l` (m"anxd) depi`xy zxeiba zeyrl jixvy dn m"anxd azkyk yixtze dzcpl leahzy oebk ,cinz l`xyi ikxca zbdep

cibnd axd oeyl a"eqi`n b"ita f"id `"xdn zdinz eilr oeyy

m"anxd zrcl enk (lirl my `iady miwqetd epiid) my rilad" `ed mb t"kr .zn` zxezd l"kr ,l"f zg` mzrcede zeevnd zlawy heyt xack "dnirpa .(a - a"v oniq `"g) g"p`xdn z"eya azk oke .`id

uxzl epeiqp dinzd z` eziigce oeiqpd dinzd aeyi

dlawl drced oia wlgl dnly zcngd zhiy


,zakrny mixaeqd y"`xde 'qezd zrc lr miwleg mde .dxizq oi`e 'b sirq ly dkldd zhiya `ed a"i sirqe
oi` l"pd itl wlgl wgcidl dlaw oia drcedl oglyd x`ia ok oxnc deab wqet 'b sirqa m"anxde s"ixdk a"i sirqak deab oglyd oxn dnl dinz 'b sirqa mzq y"`xde 'qezdk `gip l"pdle

oniq) dnly zcngd ly ewelig mqxetny mbde ekynpe) mzlawl zeevnd zrced oia (a"k ze` h"k n"n ,(epixec iwqete ipexg`n daxd df weliga eixg` cibnd axd ixacy azky `iyew zngn clep df lk o"anxd ixac z` `iad 'h dklday ,edpip i`xzq .zakrn dpi`y azk f"i dkldae zakrn zeevn zlawy i`xzq oxn ixac mby zeywdl yi ef `iyew itl d"de sirqae zakrn zeevn zlawy azk 'b sirqay ,edpip l"pdl mle` .zakrn dpi` zeevnd zrcedy azk a"i ixaca `le ,cibnd axd ixaca `l ,llk dxizq oi` o"anxd zhiy z` `iady dnc ,cibnd axd ixaca ,oxn la` ,s"ixd lr zwleg `idy xnel `l` d`iad `l ixack l"q cibnd axd daxc`c ,dzeek l"q edi`c `l mb oke .zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawy m"anxde s"ixd 'b sirqa daxc`c ,iccd` mixzeq mpi` e"g oxn ixac icenr ipy mdy m"anxde s"ixd zrck weqtl mikqd zakrn oi` zeevn zlaw mzrcly epgked xake ,d`xed

xg` ,drcedl dlaw oia wlgle wgcdl jixv `l okle drcede dlawy `icdl eazk eixg` mi`ad lke i"yxy .`id zg` ok mb azky ,'b sirq lr deab ogleya oiire .'b sirqay m"anxde s"ixd zhiyk `ed a"i sirqy 'qezd zrck oxn mzqy dn zngn my dywdy `l` `nzqa a"i sirqa wqty dnl xzeq dfc ,y"`xde wqt daxc` l"pdle .r"va xi`yde ,m"anxd zrck d`xed icenr ipy mdy m"anxde s"ixd zrck oxn dkld ,yie mzqc llk o`k opixn` `le ,y"`xd cbpk m"anxde s"ixd md yidy `icdl yxity oeik ,mzqk z"eya cciv oke .jxe`a l"pke mzenk weqtl ekxcy `ly dne .('a ze` 'f oniq c"ei a"g ,ofg) zrc degi jynpy meyn ,m"anxde s"ixd zrck `icdl oxn mzq .ekxck xehd oeyl xg`

y"cngd welig zlaw oia zeevnd zakrny dpi`y mzrcedl zakrn zngn clep dnecn dxizq axd ixaca ixacae cibnd r"eyd

x`eand itl dxizq oi` lirl axd ixaca `l `le cibnd oxn ixaca

mzq `ly dn `icdl oxn m"anxde s"ixdk jynpy meyn xehd oeyl xg` ekxck

.l"pd dnly zcngd welig lr miwleg g"ade f"acxde `"nxd


mb l"q jk `"nxdl

ikxca `"nxl mb l"q jky zn`ae .`id zg` dlawde sqei iwenpd azk dpdc ,dxvw dncwd micwpe .dyn `xaqe 'eke .eze` oiricene :l"fe ,(epz d"ca .fh sc)

ixaca cnl g"ady ,lirl ep`ad xak dpde `l m` mb jk zakrn drcedd oi`y enky m"anxd drceddy l"qc epiide ,akrn epi` llk zeevn laiw

oian g"ad zrcedy mzlawe zeevnd `id `cg

sqei iwenpd oeyl


z` `iady i"ad i"wenpd ixac wqet ,mzqa oi`y edenk zeevnd zrced zakrn mzlawe mb yxtl yi jke `sirqa eixac z 'b

rnyn ikd ,akrn epi` ericed `l m`y ,l"f `zeeaxc e`aed sqei iwenpd ixace .(.gq sc) lecb llk wxta b"tw cenr seq g"ncpa ,g"qx oniq) sqei dzia dkldl ('` ze`) dyn ikxcd df lr xirde .(c"tw cenr yix 'k ze` oiievny okid ,xehd) epiax ixaca onwle :l"fe elit` akrn ixdy ,ok rnyn `l (xeha dyixtd ly dliaha oc (e"t oniq c"g) f"acxd mb .l"kr ,dylya my didy dyrndk) zeevn zlawe drced ila zexbl di`x `iadl azke ,(jxe`a y"eri ,dl`yd oecipa zeevn zrced oi`y l"pd m"anxde s"ixd ixacn mby m"anxa y"ny ,l"pdk yxetne ,zakrn ozlawe `lyk inp d"d ,xb ied zeevn zrced dzid `ly `kid .dlaw dzid zlawc (` :ef dxvw ddbdn mixac 'a epcnle dyn ikxcd zxrd ixdc ,`id zg` drcedde zeevnd m` zakrny zevnd zlawn ueg" xehd oeyln `id `oia wlgl l"q `ly opifge ,"dylyae meia dpi dywn okle ,mzlawl zeevnd zrced oia miwacd opifg (a .(dnly zcngd ixack `le) iccd` edl drceddy dkldl i"wenpd ixac z` `iad oky i"ady
ikxcd zrcl zlaw dyn zeevnd xac drcedde `md cg ikxcd zxrd dyn e`aed eixac i"aa

`xehd `iady `xaqd z` l"q `l ,zakrn dpi enk ipyl cg` xzeq dfc ,zakrn zeevn zlawy 'b sirqa oxn `iady dn k"`e .dyn ikxcd azky `id jky xnel `ed ,zakrn zeevn zlawy ef drc yegl jixvy i`ceae ,xehde y"`xde 'qezd zxaq s"ixd zrck wqt dkldl la` .dligzkl dfl z` dnkqda `iadl lki okle ,zakrn oi`y m"anxde yi m`y reci xake .`zeeaxd mya i"wenpd ixac extqa mixexa mixacde ,r"eya oxn ixaca wtq jl ,sqei zia extqa yxity dn xza opilf`c ,sqei zia ixac z`e i"wenpd ixac z` dkldl `iad myy oeike zeevnd zrced oi`y m"anxd ixac z`e cibnd axd ezrc mb jky wtq oi`y ixd ,zakrn mzlawe zeyrl zpn lr miweic zeyrl epl oi`e ,r"eya ,eziaa oxn ixac oial epgleya oxn ixac oia dxizq sirqn envr r"eya oxn ixaca zexizq zeywdl oke r"eya mixacdy epkx`d xaky hxtae .a"i sirql 'b ozlawe zeevnd zrced
33

oeyln mb daeyza f"acxd xaeqy gken dlawdy md drcedde cg` xac

oi`y

mixeegne

mixexa

,cg` dpwa elr oxn ixac lk ef jxcae .zakrn . dlnyk mixeegn mixacde

33. , ' , , ' " ' " ' ", " ' " " " ' ', , " " , " ' ": " )' (, , , , " ": " , " " ", , " ": ' ", " , , ' ", " , , , ' " ' " " ' ' ', ": ' , , ' , " , " " ' , ' , , ) " "( , , , ' " , " ". " " " , , , " , " . ". " " : " , ' , " " ' ' , " , , , , ' ' , " ) " "(, ' ' ' , , " , " , ' " ' " ,

-
zexbd miakrn zeevnd zlawe drcedd oi`y l"qc mipey`xd

ericed `le ,mdipta xiibzpe dyly iptl eilr lawy `le miebd oia xce jlde akrn df oi`y ,zay zevn lr xicdnd zedbda 're .l"kr ,zay zevn mlerl rci el` mixacl mby ,x`iay 231 'rd o`k `"ahixd zay zevn zrced m`c ,o`k `"ahixd ixac mini`zn oi`c cnlp dfn ,dxezd lk llgnk `edc s` akrn epi` .[cer y"erie ,llk akrn zeevn zrced i"wenpd mipeekn mdilry `zeeaxd zrcc opifge dl ep`vn .wleg `la dkldl i"ad `iady `"ahixde oke ,ixi`nde cibnd axd m"anxd dnd `ld ,mixag .(f"hw oie`l) b"nqd zrc zehyt xfg ,df eceqi lr dpdc ,`"ahixd ixacl xefgpe ,(ongp ax xn` d"c .`i sc) zeaezkl eiyeciga mb zelw edericeiy opira `nlra xbc b"r` :l"fe azky s`e) y"r ,akrn epi`e devnl `ieed ,zexenge `l ixd ,ohw xba zexbd dlg cvik mivexiz 'a my ixac zekix` lka oiirnd mle` .zeevn eilr lawn uexizk wiqdy ahid x`ean eixacny d`xi ,`"ahixd uexizdk `le ,ohw xb milawn cvik `iyewd lr df lka mevr wgec dfc ,opaxcn wx `id ezexb lky ,`ziixe`cl mb ezexba dpin `wtp yiy opifgc ,`ibeqd dhiya k"ke .(my `ibeqa mipey`xd lk eywdy enke zeevn zlaw oi`y ,dpyi dhiy mya my zvaewn . zakrn
34

zlawy mipey`xd zepeyln zei`x `iap cere zeevnd zlawy mbe ,`ed cg` oipr mzrcede zeevnd :(.fn sc seq) zenaia `"ahixd l"fc ,zakrn dpi` ,l"f `zeeaxc `xaqe .zexenge zelw eze` miricene llk 'ta rnyn ikde ,akrn epi` edericed `l m`y mb azk ynn oeyl eze`e .l"kr ,(.gq zay) lecb eze` oiricene :l"fe ,(epz d"ca .fh sc) sqei iwenpd ,akrn epi` ericed `l m`y ,l"f `zeeaxc `xaqe ,'eke 'a epcnle .(.gq sc) lecb llk wxta rnyn ikd oi`y `id `zeeaxd zxaqy (` :mdixacn micenil mzrcede zeevnd zlawy (a ,zakrn zeevnd zrced i"wenpde `"ahixd azky dfnc ,'it .`ed cg` xac x`eany dnl mzpeeke ,"lecb llk wxta rnyn ikde" ,llk zay rcei `ly icedi didiy okzi cviky my ,xb iedc ,"miebd oial xiibzpy xba" 'nba dl opinwe`e xb didiy xyt` j`idc dyw df uexiz mb ok` .y"r dyly jixv xb ixde ,mlern zay oipr rci `le iwenple `"ahixdl l"qe .zelw zevn eze` miricene `la xiibzpy ixiiny uxzl jgxk lry o`k sqei ,miebd oia xiibzpy" oeyldke envr oial epia dyly ipdn carica la` ,dyly jixvy `ed dligzkle zaya ixi`nd jk uxizy enke) l"pd s"ixd zxaqke ji`e melk rcei epi`y opifge ,(lirl eixac ep`ad ,:my mdy ,dlawde drcedd oi`y n"y `l` ,zeevnd laiw ,yxit zaya `"ahixa mpn`] .miakrn cg` xac

zepeyl mipey`xd mdn gkeny zlaw oi`y zeevnd zrcede ,zakrn dlawdye xac drcedde md cg`

zeevn zlaw zxcbda xbelw y"xdn zhiy


dligz zeevn `l` dpi` opaxcn

ler laiw `lc s` ,zexb myl lahe ln m`e ,'eke ler zlawy i`ceeac ,dxezd on xb ied ,dligz zeevn .l"kr ,opaxc wx ied ,dligz zeevn

aeh z"ey) xbelw y"xdnd oeyl z` `iap meiqle zlawc :l"fe ,(`"iw 'iq a"g 'b `xecdn zrce mrh dliahe dlin ied zexbd xwire ,xiykn wx ied zeevnd

y"xdn zrcl ln m` xbelw zecdi myl lahe dxezd on xb ied ler zlawe

", " " " ' , " ', , " , , " , " , " , ' ' ', " " , , ", . , , . , ' - . ." " " " " ", " " " .
.34


df xn`nn dlerd mekq

llka daqd `id zeevn zlawc ,enl ziyz zewlga dliahd eli`e .carica zakrn dpi` la` ,xbl wwcfdl mb miakrn md okle ,zexbd ote` md md dlinde ,z"ey ixtq ce`n daxda xkfp df xace .carica ceqik df xac eazky cxtq ipax ilecb lv` hxtae oxn zrc dzid m`y `hiyte ."sq`d zr `le" ,heyt ,zakrn dpi`y heyt xack miazek eid `l ,zakrny ipan md epzi`n dnk rcei ine ,dyrnl ebdp jke .ef jxca exiibzpy mixb mze` ly mdipa

xace xac lka ce`n daxd jix`dl yi cere ly zeaeyz daxd `iadl mbe ,ep`ady mipecipdn ixacn mbe ,fpky`e cxtqn mipexg`de mipey`xd ilecb .epipir d`xnl eid mdixac aex d"ay ,epipnf ilecb ,onfd xvew zngn ,jix`dl yiy mewna daxd epxviwe .l"pd lka daxd jix`dl crenl oefg cer d"rae mqxetny s`c ,utgd lr dnzz l`y jxir` wx ler zlaw (` :xb zlawa mi`pz 'bc `yxcn ziaa mle` ,xacd oekp ok`c .dliah (b ,dlin (a ,zeevn

jix`dl xyt` oipra daxd cer oefg cere df crenl

dlerd dpwqnd xn`nn dkldl df

:df wxt lkn dlerd mekiq


.zexbd zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y r"eyde m"anxd mdae mipey`xd aex zrc meyn df oi` zexbd z` mipey`xd aex zrcl zakrn dpi` zeevn zlawy dn ,drixknd mzeaiyg meyn daxc` `l` ,xeibd jilda zeaeyg zeevnd oi`y .mlawiy `la mdil`n eilr milg md `l` ,xbd mlawiy jxev oi` `ed wzpzn dfay zexb myl laehe lny dna `id df itl zecdil dqipkd .icedi zeidl jtede mincewd enre ezpen`n enrn wzpzdl dvex dzrny dna xeibde zecdil dqipkd z` exicbd daxd dn"a ,oilaeln odkd wecv epax oeylae ,l`xyi mra llkp zeidle mcewd ."dzrn dpeki l`xyi myay lnyk ik mipexg`d ilecb eazk ,zexbd zakrn zeevn zlawy 'qezd zrcl s` .zeevnd zlaw `linn dfa llkp zecdi myl lahe e` zeaiigzd dyexit didiy zeevnd zlaw zxcbd zpeeka wiicl mewn oi` iepiyd z` xbd rcie oiaiy `id dzxhn `l` .meiwd oiprl zrc zexinb iebk ecnrnay ,xeibd xg` icedi ezeidl xeibd mcew ieb ezeid oia aiigznd xne` df oi`e) zeevna aiig zrke lreta `le geka `l zeevna aiig did `l xbk ecnrny ,xb ied `l miiwi `l m`e ,xb `ed daegd z` lreta miiwi m`y .(eilr xrxrl xyt` i`e dliahe dlin i"r hlgen `ed

(` (a

(b

(c

(d

(e

" ' ' " ) (, , . ) " "( , , , , , , . " , , , , , , " )" ' " (. , , . , , " " ) (, , ".
)(c"p 'iq (`lnd) wicvd zwcv extqa l"vf oilaeln odkd wecv epax

wix sc

, , , , , , , , ) ( .
)(ai,`k mixac dxezd lr eyexta o"anxd

, , , .
)(`"r f"i mixcpl zvaewn dhiya o"anxd cinlz sqei xa ozp epax

, .
)(m"anxd zrca `"i 'iq zeaezkl mdxa` zkxaa dxez lew zaiyi iy`xn xbplx` `"xbd

zexba zeevn zlaw xcb edn

`ean
' ).( ', , , ' , . . . " " , , ' , ) , " ' (. , , , , , , , , , , . ' " ' , . , , , , , . , " , , " , .

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d d d

`zeevn zlaw zxcbda mipey mipte


dnke dnk ,cenll yi mdn ik ,dxvwa mdilr xefgp ``idy mixaeqd zrcl mb zeevn zlaw zxcbda mipte .zakrn
zlaw zxcbd itk zeevn lirl x`eand

ocd wlga zeevnd zlawa wqerd wxta lirl zlaw idn yxtl epkxved ,r"eyd oxn zrc xe`iaa g"qx 'iq c"eia r"eyd oeyla zxkfend zakrny zeevn mixtqe mixteq itn mipte` dnk dfa epazke ,'b sirq ce`n mirbep mdy t"r`e ,epzcevna eplrdy dnne okl ,mixacd z` o`k letkl eppevxa oi` n"n ,epwxtl

dncwd

`. x`azn r"eyde m"anxd f"n zenaia 'nbd oeyln cnrn eze`l zeqgiizn mzlawe zeevnd zrcedy ,envr ipta cgein cnrn zeevnd zlaw oi`e


.ediinirce 'qezd zrcl zakrn zeevn zlaw o"anxd zrca g"p`xdn zrcl .b dlg dnvr zexbd mle` ,ycgn dkxerl yiy epiid .df `la mb dyixte 'da dpen`d `id zakrny zeevn zlaw .c .f"rn

ipiipr lk" eazky r"yehd oeyl z` `iap `nbecl jixv 'eke mlawl zeevnd ericedl oia xbd ." 'b ipta didiy zcngd ,q"zgd ,oxd` dhn gxtd g"p`xdn zrcl .a ,w'veltn upiv l"`xdne ,xi`n ziad ,dnly

mb zeevnd zlaw `id `id zecdi myl dliahd

mneiwe zeevnd meiwl zeaiigzd dyext zeevn zlawy epipnf iwqetn wlg zyib mdixac jtid mipey`xde yeald ixacn weice ,zqtez zexbd oi` df `lae zexbd xg` lreta
epnn yie izernyne iceqie aeyg df oiipry oeike ,mixexa eidi mixacdy ick okl ,xen`k dkldl `zewtp
dfa yeald oeyl

ik ,epipnf iwqetn wlg ita mqxetne

reci

`id zeevnd zlawe ,"zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlaw" zexb o`k oi` zeevnd zlaw `lae "zexbd xwir" yie ,"xenb iebk" epice ,"melk `le dyr `l"e ik mrhde ,1 hb dkixv dpi` ezy`y zkl oiwigxn mrhd ik zehiyta epiad ,mipexg`de miwqetdn daxd zlaw jxevl `ed ,'nba dxen`d zeevnd zrcedl daezkd "zakrn zeevnd zlaw" yext okle ,zeevnd aiigzie lawl oiekziy dpiipr ,(b"q g"qx 'iq) r"ya ,dxeza zexen`d zeevnd lk z` mly ala miiwl epipnf inkgn wlg eazk miiwl oiekzn `l m`y dpine .xb ied `lc ,dceqi zerha z`fd dyibd lky il d`xp la` `id zeevnd zrced mrhy l"pd dpaddn zraep `ide mipey`xa opeaznd la` ,zeevnd miiwl aiigziy ick cvn idylk dprh repnl ick `ed drcedd mrhy gkeei extqa iiga epiaxa ahid oiir] ezexb ixg` ,xiibznd ,(fi `k) `vz ik zyxtl eyextae (xb oiipr) gnwd ck (f"hw oie`l) b"nqae ,oae`x x"a i"x zexdf`ae zzl dleki dzid efk dprhe ,[`"t seq lirl mixkfpd repnl ick jkle ,zexba wetwt yi ile`y aeygl mewn .drceda cgein oiipr yi ,df lk

`ayke :l"fe (a"q g"qx 'iq) dfa yeald oeyl wizrp xn`i `ly ick ,cine me`zt edelawi `l ,xiibzdl `l mzelba l`xyi zexv rcei iziid eli` o`kn xg`l z`ay zi`x dn dligz el exn`i `l` ,xiibzn iziid mitegc dfd onfa l`xyiy rcei dz` i` ,xiibzdl rcei xn` m` ,mdilr mi`a mixeqie mitxehne mitegqe ,cin eze` milawn ,mdnr xagzdl i`ck ipi`e ip` oiricen `l` ,eze` oixiibn oi` oiicr mewn lkn la` xeqi`e jxazi myd cegii `edy zcd ixwir dligz eze` xwir rciy ick ,df xaca enr mikix`ne dxf dcear eze` oiricen jk xg` ,eilr lawl `a `edy dn oiiprd zvw eze` oiricene ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvw ok mb i`dke dliwq aiig dz` zay zllig ,zeevn ly oyper o`kn xg`l xn`i `ly ick df lke .zexneg zvw `peeb ,xiibzn iziid `l elld zexnegd lk rcei iziid eli` .l"kr

wlg zpad epipnf iwqetn zeevn zlawy dyext zakrn zeevnd meiw zexbd xg` lreta

ef dpad ziigc

ixac xe`a yeald

zeevnd zrced oiipr lky elln xexa eizty ixd eli` k"g` xn`i `ly xiibznd jxevl `ed ozlawe `l zernynd dn rciyk k"`e ,izxiibzd `l izrci ick mixiibnd jxevl llk epi`e ,efk dprh orhi

,1. " ", " ", " " " " )" "( ": . , , , : ", . , , , , " " " "", ". " " " " " " )' " "(, " ", , , ". " " " )' "(. " " )' "( . '

okle ,zexbd xg` zeevnd miiwn m` wecal elkeiy `a `edy dn rciy ick yeald 'it drcedd ixg` cizrl miiwl aiigziy ick azk `le ,eilr lawl dpeek ly oiipr ,zeevn zlawa yexitd oi`y ,dnecke zeevnd zlawy xaeqy inl mb df itle ,meiwd jxevl oi` ,[b"q envr yeald ixacn d`xpy enk] zakrn miiwl dpeek el oi`y inl aekr e` dxizq dfn xb ied ,'b ipta zexb myl lahe lnyk ik ,zeevnd ,a"iq yeald y"nke ,oiyecw eiyecwe ,xac lkl 'it`e ,miieb llkn `vi ,zexb myl lahe lne li`edc y"cngd ixaca mbe ,r"yd oxn wqtke edericed `l oxnl s` zakrn zeevnd zlawy ezrcy ('le h"k 'iq) mb `ed oky zelbp zelbdae .ok yxtl yi ,r"yd

,xne` dz` `vnp ,drcedd mrha mipey`xd yext epipnf ipexg`n dnk epay oipad ltpe ceqid ltpy i`pz `ed ,zexbd xg` cin lreta zeevnd meiwy mipey`xae yeala x`eand itlc ,dakrne zexba ipta zecdi myl lahe lny i"r xiibzpy lk ,l"pd ezrc wx ,zeevnd meiwa dpeek ilan s`e xyk c"a ,icedi zeidle l`xyi mr zellkl qpkidl dziid wicvd zwcv xtqa y"nke] "dpeki l`xyi myae" dfy l"pd odkd wecv epax oe`bdl (c"p oniq) `lnd ,daiql `ay xxazdy elit`e ,xb ied ,[zecdid xwir lky ,y"r (a"iq) r"ya oxn y"nke ,xb ied carica dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` ,zecdi myl lahe lny .(a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn y"nke efn

zlaw yext oiprl yeald ixacn sqep weic zexbd xg` zeevnd meiwl zeaiigzd dzpeek oi`y zeevn
zrck `ly m"anxd zrca zcgein dhiy `ide ?jka s` 'ba dliahd dzid `l m` m"anxdlc miwqetd aex 'it`e `ypa 'it`y zehytae ,xb ied `l carica zelrdl ick ok azk yealdy d`xp mle` .oa cileda oiprl s"ixd azk ixdy ,cg`k s"ixde m"anxd zhiy s` dixal dil opilqt `l caricac ,eixw myl lah ,(a"l 'iq) l"aixdn z"ey oiire ,'b ipta `ly lahy d`xpke yeald yxtn ,zeevnd zlaw oiprl n"ne xcqk e`a eixac ixdy) r"yd zrca s` ok oiany ibq `lc xzei xingn m"anxdy ,(r"yd ixac zipaze y"nke .'ba dliah mb ira `l` 'ba zeevn zlawa enk `ly `id ef dhiyy s`e ,"lkd lr i`wc l"qe" ixd n"n ,m"anxd hytk dpi`e miwqetd aex eyxty ,akrn `l edericed `lac (a"iqa) wqty yealdl ipy el` oi`e zeevnd zlaw `id drceddy o`k yxite `ed zercedd lk mrhy lirl yxite ,mipey mipiipr zxhny epiidc ,'eke rcei iziid eli` xn`i `ly ick dpi`e ,dprha `al lkei `ly xiibznl `id drcedd lkn .ezexb leqtl e` wtwtl elkeiy mixiibnl llk lk repnl ick `ed drcedd mrhe li`edy ,gken df ied ,lahe ln xak lreta m`y ixd ,k"g` dxin` azkyk ixdy ,zeakrn opi` o`k dlawde drcedde ,xb sihdl xefgl lekiy dligzkl ied dicic iabl lkc dfa i`ce `l` ,zeevnd lawle xikfd `l dnl ,leahle ,s"ixde m"anxd zrca yxtl yeald zhiy dpd ,zeevnd zlaw` s` epiidc ,edlek` i`w htync dzid m` s` ,`yp xaky oebk carica ezrcl mpn`e itlk lky itl ,dil opilqt `l ,'b ipta `ly dliahd iyewd dnc ,ycgn leahl lekiy dligzklk ied dicic
zhiy xe`a yeald

my yeald azky dn mb ,lirl xen`d itlc ,rce ixdy ,lirl x`azpy dn mr cg` dpwa dlri b"qa 'eke zeevnd ericedl oia xbd ipiipr lkc ,my azk xn`p `lc rnyn ,htynd oeyl xwir edine ,'b mikixv ,'eke zeevnd eilr lawl epiidc zexbd seb oiprl `l` ipta ln m` ,lahy carica elit` m"anxde s"ixdle htync ,zil`xyia xeq`e ,akrn ,dlila e` mipy dline zeevn zlaw lr ,lkd lr i`wc l"qe ,dia aizk t"r`y ,dligzkl ied ,dicic iabl lk jkitle ,dliahe zthd zeyrle xefgl leki ixd ,mipy ipta lahe lny el oi`iyn oi` jkitl ,'b ipta zxg` dliahe zixa mc dicic iabc ,dyly ipta dyrie xefgiy cr zil`xyi ,meiae dyly ipta `l` epi`y oic zligzk dil ied leahle lenl dyly ipta dilr liaw m` la` dlila lahe lne jlde ,opick zeevn zvwn edericede dpnn cilede zil`xyi dy` `ype dyly ipta `ly e` xnbk dliahde dlind ied oad iabc ,dil opilqt `l ,oa .l"kr ,dlilae c"aa `ly carica opixiyknc oic

l"pdl reiq yeald oeyln


cvn ode ,izwcwcy enke `"qa azky enke ericedl yyg mewn oi` xiibzp dyrnle 'b ipta lahe lnyky xfge zeevnd miiw `l m`y oky lke ,xn`iy dnl ,cneyn l`xyik epic iede ,llk ol ztki` `ly exeql .w'ece

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,akrn epi` edericed `l m` mb ixdy ,jxev el oi` dfne ,akrn epi` ,lke lkn law `l m` mb xnelk zeevnd zlawy yxtl cv mey oi`y dxenb dgked `lc ,miiwl zrc zexinbe dpeek e` zeaiigzd epiid oikixvy dnl mrhd sebn od zexb oiprl df jiiy

yeald ixacn oi`y gken zlawa dpeekd zeevnd zeaiigzd mniiwl

,zakrn zeevn zlawy 'qezd eazky dna dpeekd zexbd xg` lreta zeevnd meiw `le drcedd zlaw epiid
miwecwcd lk ericedl oi`y ,g"ad mya (d"wq) lke ,y"r 'eke zay xeqi`e alg xeqi`a yiy zexnegde ex`ia `le ,mzqa `xnbd oeyl z` ewizrd mipey`xd e"n) zenai ixi`nde ,drcedd htyn didi dne ji` el` mixac ickn xzei eilr oiaxn oi`e :l"fe azk (a"r mixaca jix`dl eilr oiwcwcn oi` oke ,oda `veik e` eilr lawy oeikne ,'eke zexa epivn jky ,i`cn xzei epiaxl oiire ,a"yr ,'eke cin eze` oiln ,zevn ler .(c"g b"k aizp) deg wlg mgexi
zlaw zxcbd `wtpe zeevnd jiynd oia dpin xg` mniiwl `ll zexbd jiynd

ezriqe m"anxd lr miwlegd mipey`xl s` dpde ipta dzyrp `l m`e ,zakrn zeevn zlawy mixaeqe enkc xnel yi zehyta dxe`kle ,xb epi` oic zia dpi` zeevnd zrcedc dinirce m"anxdl epyxity xaeqy inl ok m` ,zeevnd zlaw mb epiide ,zakrn z` yexita eilr lawiy epiid ,zakrn zeevn zlawy ,dpen`d z` eilr lawny xnelk ,edericedy drcedd zelw zeevn zvwn eilr lawnye ,zcd xwir `idy xb ied l"pd z` c"a ipta lawy lke ,zexenge 'iq) r"ya wqty enk zeidl epic xfg dzrne ,dligzkl l`xyik `ed ixd f"r care xfg elit`y (a"iq g"qx .oiyecw eiyecwy xnen t"r r"yde m"anxd eazk xak ,ericedl oi` dne j"yd azke ,oiwcwcn oi`e oiaxn oi`y zenaia `xnbd

mixaeqd zrcl zeevn zlawy epiid ,zakrn zrced zlaw dpen`d ixwir zeevn zvwne

jixv ,elld zercedd aly ixg`y ,ok m` `vnp `xwpy edfe ,drceday zeevnd z` envr lr lawl `ed jiynd m` ,xb `ed ixde .zeevn ler eilr lawy m`e ,wcv xb `ed ixd ,dxezd zeevn z` miiwle cenll .xnen l`xyik epic ,miiwle cenll jiynd `l

oiricen oi` dn eze`

zeevn zlawy di`x yi carica xb iedc zeyi` myl xiibzpn zeevn miiwl zeaiigzd `le drcedd zlaw epiid g"qx 'iqa oxn xikfdy
law m`e 'eke eze` oiriceny zeevnd zlaw oipra ,edericedy drcedd lawe mikqd m` l"x ,eze` oiln ,mikqn epi`e lawn epi`y ribtna xn` m` iwet`l laehk iedc okzi dfae zexbd xwira dpznk iedc zeidle xiibzdl utg epi`y xne`y inke ,ecia uxye ied ezliahe `nlra d`etxlk ied ezlin lke ,icedi la` ,el` miyrn i"r melk mvra dyr `le ,xwink ,miiwl dpeek el oi`y d`xp m` s` ,lawe mikqda exn`y dna miwqeta xen`d oicl ince ,ol ztk` `l micr d`nk oic lra z`cedc ,h"nw a"aa l"fg mixacdy mircei epgp`y mewna elit` edfc ,inc d"i`xd zexb` xtqa zehyta k"ke) xwya mixn`p iel dyn 'x oe`bd azk dfa `veike ,(c"lw 'iq `"g xbd `aiyk" :oxn azk a"iq g"qx 'iq r"ya dpde mdl z`vnp `l m`e ,'eke eixg` miwcea ,xiibzdl .'eke "zeevn zvwn eze` oiricen ,dlir ,dy` meyn xiibzdl `a m`y heyt oicd dpde exar m` k"tr`e ,eze` oixiibn oi`y `ed oicd xiibzp m` s`e ,mixb mlek dkld l"iiw ,eze` exiibe ,`"xbd xe`aa zehiyta k"ke ,xb ied dy` meyl meyl xiibzpy inc icdq op` ixdy ,op` ifgp `zyde dtydn wx edf ,zeevnd eilr lawny s` ,dy` xne`e ,`wec zeyi`d myl ezpeek lk ixdy ,uegle ,oi`eypa epevx ik ,eze` oiriceny dn lk lr od carica z`f lkae ,miheyt `xaq ixac md el`e exn`y dn yexty ,gxkd c"rl yi dfne ,xb ied
zlaw yext zrcl zeevn `id r"eyd lawl dnkqd drcedd z` `le epevxn ditka xiibzpn di`x dy` myl zeevnd zlawy zeaiigzd dpi` mniiwl 'iqa r"eyd oeyl a"i sirq g"qx

alay mixac xcba ('` 'iqa) dhinyd xac xtqa l"f f` ,minzgpe miazkp mixacdyky ,mixac mpi` mixac zpigaa mdy mixac df cbpk yi m` elit` ,mixac mpi` dl` mixac n"n ,mc` lk alae ealay lr law m` ,dy` meyl xiibzdy ina mb okle weciz dpine ,ixnbl ezpeeka ol ztki` `l ,envr `xiaq `l dile] 'qezd t"r b"qa oxn y"nc ,inp zeevnd zlawn ueg" ,[cere deab ogleyd y"nk drcedd zlaw oiprl my dpeekd ,"zakrny meiw oiprl ezpeeka oipr epl oi`e ,edericedy oxnle ,`aekirl dfe ,"lawiy" opira wx ,zeevnd epi` edericed `le eixg` ewca `l m`y (a"iq) `kd epiid ,lawne eze` miricenyk s`c meyn ,akrn epi` ,edericed `l llk m` okle ,mikqn `edy ,xiibzdl dvexy eilr migiken eiyrnc ,akrn jexkd lke zexbd lr mikqnk dil opipiic `linne ribtna axq m` wxe ,zeevnd zlaw `edy ,da
df hytl dii`x mixac oicn mpi`y alay mixac

jixv dpznae ,dpznk ied ,mwlg e` zeevnd lawl ,carica epic `di dn d`pzdd ixaca oeire xexa i`n` k"l`c ,dnkqd epiid dlawdc gken inp dfne lr melk law `l ixd ,xb ied edericed `lyk weligd lr mipexg` daxd ednzy dn oirke ,envr dlawd oia wlgl (l-h"k 'iq) dnly zcngd azky (ok hwep oxny oiany inl) b"qa y"nk zakrny 'we ,xb ied drced `la s`y (a"iqa) y"n znerl uexiz eazke ,xiibzp dna melk edericed `l m` melk edericed `ly s`y ,zn`d on wegxe wegc xak m` ixdy ,df uexiz xf dnke ,lkd law n"n ,ericedln ewzy dnl ,mixiibnd ly mdipta "law" lahe lny lke ,dnkqd epiid dlaw mzq i`ce `l` evxiz zn`a df oirke ,heyte mikqdy `ed xexa lny lky ,envr y"cngde (a - a"v 'iq) g"p`xdnd dlecb zexbe zeevn zlaw jl oi` zecdi myl lahe .w'ece ,efn

zeaiigzd dyext oi` zeevn zlawy dgked el exqny drcedd zpad `l` ,zeevnd miiwl xbd ly
,"dizeevna deevne dxez ixeqi`a xq`p l`xyi `edy .c"kr
dgkedd xe`a eixacn

zlaw

oipra

mipey`xd

zrc

xe`aa

lirl

(i"apx) sqei xa ozp epax oeyl z` iz`ad ,zeevnd ,(`"r f"i) mixcpa w"nhya `aed o"anxd cinlz ,zakrn zeevn zlaw oi`y l"qc eixacn izgkede xn`p `l` ,z`f lawp `l m` mby ,xne` ip` zrke zakrn zeevn zlawy ediinirce 'qezd zrck l"qc zlawy ,`din epeyln gikedl lkep n"n ,zexbd miiwl xbd zeaiigzd dyext oi` zakrny zeevn `l` ,mipexg` dnk epiady enk zexbd xg`l zeevnd `le edericedy zeevnd zrced zlaw dyext .zeaiigzd oiid z` envr lr xq` `l xifpdy azk ixdy xq`p `linn zexifpd z` ezlaw mvrn `l` ,yexta ixeqi` lka xq`p ciny ,xiibzpy inl dnece" oiia in lky oicd iwegn `l` ,eilr mxq`iy izlan dxez

zeaiigzd

epiid

zeevn

zlawy

`zi`

i`e

xby i"apx azek cvik k"` ,zexbd xg` mniiwl ,eilr mxq`iy izlan dxez ixeqi` lka xq`p ezlaw meyn `l` xq`p `ly xn`p `axc` raep eaeig oi`c i`ce `l` ,mniiwl zeaiigzdde egxk lr miraep md `l` ,ezlaw i` e` ezlawn `linn lret dfc ,l`xyie xb zeidl epevx mvrn zil`xyi dy`n clepy wepizk ,zeevna eaeig z` ielz epi`e egxk lr `linn dyrp zeevna eaeigy daxd cer eazk ef dxcbdke ,ezlaw i` e` ezlawa ,xbplx` `"xbd oebk ,lirl miiepnd zeaiyi iy`x mixi`n mixacde ,cere gxti y"xbde `xza iyecgde . mixidfne
2

i"apx m` mb 'qezdk xaeq zeevn zlawy zexbd zakrn eixacn gken dpeekd oi`y meiwl zeaiigzd zeevnd

i"apx ixac

,2. , ' " " , , . , " " ) (, ' , , ) , "(, )


xne`y lk `l` ,k"g` cin mneiwe ,lreta zeevnd xb ied ,oick 'b ipta lahe lne zeevnd lawny eita .3 mlerl ezexb lhazz `le
f"acxd oeyl daeyza

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,ipir z` 'd xi`d ,zeppeazdd xg` 'd jexae ilecbn cg` lv` yexita mix`ean mixacdy izi`xe dnk edepxkfdy l"f u"ayxd edip `ed ,mipey`xd .iixac xiaq`e ,minrt dlibe azk ,(f"kx 'iq) b"ga u"ayxd z"eya dpd s` :l"fe zexba zakrn zeevnd zlawy yexta ezrc zxzn `id 'b ipta `ly ziyrpy mixb zliahy it lr dxezd eilr lawn `diy jixv la` ,ldwa `eal mze` htyn oi`e da aizk htyn ixdy ,dliah mcew 'b ipta ,zil`rnyi zwfgen `idy dy` la` ,'eke 'bn zegt uxye zlaehk `idy drpva ziyrpy zg` dliah iptn dilr dlaw `l m` ,dzwfgn dze` `iven epi` ,dcia mixexa mixac ixd ,l"kr 'b ipta l`xyi zxez ilae ,`aekrl 'b ipta dlaw ira u"ayxdlc miyxetne u"ayxd eze` ik `lte `ltd dpde ,xb ied `l df :l"fe daeyzd seqa azk (f"n 'iq b"g) zxg` daeyza xiibzp `ly in i`cec ,onvrn od oigxken mixacde" llge ,f"r care ,xzl`l exeql xfge zg` dry `l` one ,`ed oine ,xiibzpy mcew ebdpnk `iqdxta zezay ,dlrnl y"nk ,jig` dia opixw `lc ,`ed oicixend oiyeciw eiyeciwe cneyn l`xyi dil opiayg d"t`e zeevnd zlaw yexit m` ,op` ifgp `zyde ,a"yr ,'eke k"g` oneiwe ,zeevnd miiwl zeaiigzd epiid zakrny enk zeevnd miiwy `xwp `l df `lae ,ynn lreta s`e ,epxec inkgn df ceqi lr minly mixtq ekix`dy ji` k"` ,zeevnd eniiw `l m` zexb lhal dfn e`vi 'iqa) zakrn zeevnd zlawy ezrcy u"ayxd eze` xfge zg` dry xiibzpy elit`y (f"n 'iqa) xaeq (f"kx zlaw `de ,cneyn l`xyi dil opiayg xzl`l exeql daeyzd `l` ,ezligz lr eteq gikede zakrn zeevnd miiwl zrc zexinb zeevnd zlaw yext oi` ,dheyt
l"qc jgxk lr oi`y u"ayxdl zlaw yext mneiw zeevn xg` lreta zexbd xaeq k"tr` u"ayxd xfge xiibzpac ,xzl`l exeql f"r car elit` zay llge `xwp `iqdxta cneyn l`xyi xaeq u"ayxd zlawy 'qezdk zakrn zeevn zexbd

x`ean oky u"ayxa

daeyza f"acxd ixacn jkl di`x cer yi c"rle exiibzpy zegty zepn`p oiprl (h"tx 'iq) c"g ip`y ,eze :l"fe ezaeyz jeza azky ,ung zwicaa llk zeevn zelawn opi` dfd onfa zegtyd lk d`ex ody iptn ,uegle dtyd on od zexne`y t"r`e ,ozrcn ,rcz ,mil`rnyil xknil zevtg opi`e m"ekrd zkn mil`rnyid zcl ze`vei ,mdl xvii xy`k ixdy ixb elit`e edpip mixb mlekc b"r`e ,mei lka miyrnk oiprl ilin ipd ,mdl yi micar oic inp ipd ,zeix` mpi`y mixacl e` m"ekrd ileyia oiprl e` oiid rbn jneq ippi` ,dwica oiprl la` ,jk lk gxeh mikixv zeevnd lka zebdep oze` d`ex ip` oi`y cere ,mdilr .l"kr ,oda zaiig dy`dy

eixacn dlerd zexbd oi`y meiwa dielz xg`y zeevnd zexbd

zexiibzny zegtydy t"r`y ,eixacn micnle n"n ,mze` zelawn ody zeevnd zrced lr od zexne` lke ,m"ekrd zkn ody iptn ,uegle dtyd on wx edf ,mil`rnyil xknil zevtg opi`y iptn wx `ed mzaiq zaiig dy`dy zeevnd lka zebdep oi` ixd lretae mlek dkld ik ,zexbd oiprl dpyn df oi` k"tr`e ,oda epl ixd ,mixb x`yl micar oia dfa lcad oi`e ,mixb ly max ,f"acxd epax zexecd lecby yexta o`k ez`xwl cxg sqei ziad oxny in ,l"f i"x`de w"nhyd `venly ine ,ztv ly daxk enewn z` eprnl dpite itl`e ,axrne gxfn ieevw lka ecxg eizeaeyze eit zexbd oi`y xaeq ,egikei laz zeevw lkl eizeaeyz myl lahe lny lke ,ixnbl zeevnd meiwa dielz .xb ied carica ,zexb

, "(, . , , , ' , , ' , , , , , , , , , , ' ', . ) ( , " " , '. 3. " , , , , , ", ' " ." ", .

f"acxd lcc ,xnel dgecd ci dxe`klc `xai` zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y mixaeqdn `edy ,`kdn zeevnd zrcedy (e"t 'iq c"ga) azk ixdy ,zexbd dnn dfa xnel yi .xgaend on devnl `l` dpi` axd k"` ,`id cg dlawde drcedd m` ,jytp uexizk m`e ,zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y mixaeqdn zakrn drcedd oi`y xaeqy inl mby epxec ipexg` oxn dwqte f"id a"eqi`n b"ita yexta m"anxd y"nk ,zakrn dlawd t"kr ,(a"i sirq g"qx 'iq) c"eia `l zn`ay dn) dnly zcngd ixaca mnvr elze m` ,(onwle lirl z`f izgkedy enke eail lr dzlr ik drcedd oi`y s`y ,f"acxdl inp ok uxzl yi ok k"`e ,zakrn dlawd n"n ,xgaend on devnl m` dlawd oia xyw mey oi`y gken `kd ezaeyzn dnkqda e` dta dlaw epiid dlawde ,drcedl on m` ik dyer epi`e enr la eal m` mbe ,dwizyay .w'ece dxenb zexb ied n"n ,uegle dtyd di`x o`k jl yiy ,oiirnd dz` rnye zkqd k"`e xg`l mneiw i` e` zeevnd meiw oi`y u"ayxdn dxexa
zepwqnd ixacn zelerd u"ayxd l"pd f"acxde ziigcl oeiqp ,f"acxdn di`xd lif`c l"ic oi`y dizhyl zeevn zlaw zakrn oeiqipd ziigc

,zexbd mcew dzyrpy zeevnd zlaw z` xrxrn zexbd u"ayxdk zexbd zakrn zeevnd zlawy xn`z elit`e mixaeqdn f"acxdy dgcz elit`e ,f"acxd zrc okye n"n ,dinirce `"ahixdk zakrn zeevnd zlaw oi`y eilry drcedl dlawd oia wlgl uexizdy zegtl gken dnn ixd ik ,ltp ,mipexg`d epay oipadn wlg qqean zakrn zeevnd zlawy mixaeqd on f"acxd m` ,jytp oia qgi oi`y gxken k"` ,zakrn drcedd oi`y t"r` .dfa ahid w'ece k"g` meiwl dlawd
ep`vn `ly oeik mipey`xdn in lr wlegy `veid yi ,u"ayxdn z` mb yxtl mipey`xd x`y u"ayxdk

ilecbn cg` `edy u"ayxdl ep`vny xg`ne zlawy l"q cgny ,miyxetn mixac mipey`xd ezlaw dielz oi` jci`ne ,zexba zakrn zeevnd `l jci`ne ,zexbd zeawra `ay mneiw i`a zeevnd zlaw yexity azky mlera oey`x meyl ep`vn ,4 zeevnd miiwl dpeek e` zeevn meiw epiid zeevnd oiap dfn k"` ,mixexa u"ayxd ixac df znerle zeevnd zlawy mdn rnyny mipey`xd lky ,u"ayxd yxity jxc lr mdixac zpeek ,zakrn .xexae heyt dfe

mniiwl zeaiigzd dyexit oi` zeevn zlawy mipey`x cere m"anxdn di`x
.efk dghada oiipr mey
jkl ztqep di`x 'qezdn g"q oixcdpqa a"r

oi` zeevn zlawy `iadl yi ztqep

di`x

oixcdpqa 'qezd y"nn ,`iadl yi di`x cer oiliahny ohw xb oiprl ,ohw d"ca (a"r g"q sc) opixn`c b"r`c ,eazky ,c"a zrc lr eze` `d ,zegnl oileki elicbd (`"r `"i sc) zeaezka oileki oi` aey egin `le zg` dry elcbikc opixn` dzidy zephw ly dliahe dlin edl lirenc ,zegnl elcby jezne ,zeevn zlaw `l` mixqg oi`e ,mteba zernyn m` dzrne ,c"kr ,dlaw epiid ,egin `le ,lreta meiwd lr zeaiigzd `id zeevnd ler zlaw

b"ita m"anxd y"nn ,mniiwl zeaiigzd dyext jixv iprpkd card xxgzyiyky a"id a"eqi`n ezexb xnbiz eay meia dyely ipta zxg` dliah zeevn ler eilr lawl jixv oi`e ,l`xyik didie myl lahyk edericed xaky ,zcd ixwir ericedle epiid zeevn ler zlawy xn`z m`e ,y"r zecar gihad `l mlern ixd ,zeevnd lk meiwl dghad aiig did `l ixdy ,zeevnd lk miiwl df car epl oi`y i`ce `l` ,mwlg lr `l` car ezeida

ixacn di`x b"ita m"anxd a"id a"eqi`n

4. ' " , " , " " ", , " , " , '. " , . , " " , ." .


,mze` mixiibn ,mipey`xd mdiyrn mifge`y reciy ,zexbd xg` zeevnd meiwl zeaiigzd v"`y n"y dlg zexbd `l` ,zexbd legz `l eniiwi `l m`ye g"nva x"bd l"y`xd oxnl x"eye ,mipt lk lr azky (g"p 'iq) a"g l`ifer ihtyna l"vf l`ifer .a"eik
citwdl yi lr zegtl f"rn dyixt dpen`e dipnnqe 'da

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`l lcbyk ixde ,'qezd ixac eayiizi ji` f"tl ,zeevnd zlawa xqg k"` ,zeevnd miiwl aiigzd ixdy ,zeevnd zlawa zeaiigzd oic oi`y i`ce `l` ,zeevndn wlga `id `xwirn zeevnd zlawd lk dpi` ,lawy zvwn eze`a s` cizrl ezebdpzde zlaw aiyg ,dyn zca fge`y lke ,ezexb driwtn .zeevn ler mrha `"r f"n zenain ,`iadl yi di`x cer 'nba exn`c ,zexeng zeevn zvwn xbd z` oiriceny mixb miyw xn xn`c ,yextp yixt i`c `nrh i`n mdiyrn mifge`y i"yxte ,zgtqk l`xyil t"r`y gkene ,y"r mdn l`xyi micnele mipey`xd
jkl ztqep di`x zenaia 'nbdn `"r f"n

jixv dfa ,f"rn dyixtd oiprl t"krc rce yxete dpen`d lawn zexbd zryay xexa zeidl mda yiy lk mdipnnqe zexg` zezc ipiipr lkn ecia uxye laehk dil deed k"l`c ,f"r jxq y"nke dpen`d `id zcde zecdid xwiry .5 m"anxd

`"ayxd zaeyzn dgked zexbd xg` zeevnd meiwl zeaiigzd zeevnd zlaw yext oi`y
zaeyz xe`a l"pd `"ayxd

zeevnd zrcedl daiqdy mi`ex `"ayxd ixacne ,epevxe ezrcl zexbd didzy df jxevl `id ,mzlawe m` llk xb epi` egxk lra edexiib m`" azky enke 'eke eze` oiriceny cr eze` oixiibn oi`e ,lecb `ed gken dfn ,lawe edericedy i"ry l"x ,"lawl jixve m`y ,jenqa `"ayxd azk okle ,epevxle ezrcl iedc oerny oi` ,xiibzpe epnn lawe xiibzdl oerny edzt jixv ixde zexba iezt jiiy dn dywe ,melk aiig zeaiigzd l"x zeevn zlaw yext m`e ,zeevn zlaw

zeaiigzd zeevn zlaw yext oi`y ztqep dgked `iadl yi ,zexbd xg` mneiw oiprl zrc zexinb e` `"t lirl iz`ady h"v 'iq `"g `"ayxd zaeyzn lra edexiib m` zl`yy dn oiprl mewn lkne :l"fe eze` oixiibn oi`e ,lecb `ed m` llk xb epi` ,egxk jixve zexenge zelw zevn zvwn eze` oiriceny cr oa (g"n sc my) zenaia xn`c o`nl elit`e .lawiy lra ln dz` car la` egxk lra ln dz` i` yi` ohw xb elit`e .el xg` la` eax ilin ipd ,egxk `nw wxta sqei ax xn` ,oic zia zrc lr edeliahdy oky lk .zegnl oileki elicbd m`y (`"i sc) zeaezkc edeliahd elit`e ,egxk lra lecbd z` oiliahn oi`y epnn lawe xiibzdl oerny edzt m`e .zegnl leki ewifd `l `edy .eaxl melk aiig oerny oi` ,xiibzpe dvr `iynde .epevxn xiibzpy `ed carde ,melka dvr `iyn mewn meya epivn `le .aiig epi` xiibzdl icr xkey elit`e mc` ipica aiig `edy miwfpa elit`e .l"kr ,df oky lke ,xwy

`"ayxd oeyl daeyza

zaeyzn dgked l"pd `"ayxd yext oi`y zeevn zlaw zeaiigzd zrc zexinbe meiwd iabl

mey jiiy oi` dzetna ixd ,meiw oiprl zrc zexinb e` dvr `iyndy azky dn jiiy `l mbe ,zrc zexinb ,`id ezpeeky d`xp ok lr xy` ,aiig epi` xiibzdl mc` oi`y itl xeiba ditk ly dprh repnl zpn lry mcewn edericeiy jixv okl ,ezrcl `l` xiibzn `ed oicd okle ,aehd epevxn drcedd lawie zeevnd licbd m` ,zrc ea oi` oiicr zexb zryay oeik ohwa elit`e egxk lra lecbd z` oiliahn oi`e ,zegnl leki epevxn xiibzdy lky dpin oec ,zegnl leki edeliahd

5. , , " " " " , " " , ", , " " " . " , " ' ", , , " ' " " . . ", " " " ' " " " " " " " " .

edericed m` ,iezt jezn xacd did elit` ,ezrcle oi`e ,ea xefgle zegnl leki epi` aey ,lawe zeevnd swez oial zeevnd meiwl qgia ezpeek oia xyw mey ok xg` `eaiy lreta meiwd oiprl e"we y"k ,ezexb f"n zenaia) 'nbd zehyt mb oaen okle ,`eai `l e` m` s`y ,xac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd dlre lah (a"r `l m`y dkldd zpaen mb okle ,xb ied exeql xfg a"eqi`n b"it m"anx) xb ied xiibzpe zeevnd edericed drcedd mrh lky ,(ai sirq g"qx 'iq c"ei r"eye f"id

xiibzp m`e ,zxg` dprh lk e` d`gn repnl wx `ed eze ,xenb xb zeidl envr lr lawy icdq op` ,ezrcl wven i`xk md dfa `"ayxd ixace ,ea xefgl lkei `l zeevnd zlaw byend oia zekiiy mey oi`y gikedl zexbd dielz oi`e zexbd xg` lreta zeevnd meiw oial wlg edeyxty enk zeevnd zlaw yextd oi`e ,meiwa eid `l ,eixac z` mi`ex eid eli`e ,epipnf ipexg`n gipp m` mb ,eyxity itk zeevnd zlaw yxtl mixxbp .w"ece zexba zakrn zeevnd zlawy

,yexta dta zeevn zvwn zrced z` lawiy jixv m`d xeibd jildn yexti `le wezyiy dna icy e`
jkl ztqep di`x m"anxdn xg` mewna

l"pd c"id a"eqi`n b"ita epeyla x`ean oke yiy gxehe dxez ler caek oze` oiricen"y :azky `le elaw m` ,eyextiy ick zevx`d inr lr dziiyra elawy opirci ikidc rnyn ,"mze` oilawn 'eke eyxit exn`iy jixv oi`c x`ean ,eyxt `ly dnn epiid aygp envr df ,eklde eafr `ly dnn `l` ,oilawny .w"ece dlawl

a"eqi` 'dn c"ita m"anxd oeyla ippeazda dpd ,lreta ziyrn dlaw ezrcl jixv oi`c c"rlp ,h"d zeevn zvwn zrced z` rnyy dcaerd mvr `l` ,dl `pin`e ,dlawl aygp envr df ,yxit `le oypere ,m"ekrd on gwlpd car iab l"pd m"anxd y"nn didze l`xyi icar llkl qpkzy jpevx el mixne`" zcd ixwir el oiricen dvx m` ,`l e` mixykd on enk oxkye oypere zexenge zelw zeevn zvwne eze` oiricene ,xbk eze` oiliahne ,xbd z` oiriceny ..."enr oilblbn ,lawl dvx `l m`e ,mina `edyk dgny epiidc lawl dvx `l m` wxc x`ean ixd ,dpr `le wzy m` la` ,enr oilblbn f` wx ,lreta zaygp ez`gn i` ,lawny yexta xn` `ly t"r` ly zeevnd zlaw iabl 'qezd eazk df oirke] .dlawl ,mzrcl zakrny zeevnd zlaw mb f"tl k"`e ,ohw zlaw ied drcedl cbpzd e` dgn `ly lk epiid erac m"anxd lr 'qezd miwleg dfac `l` ,zeevnd [.w'ece zeevnd edericeiy `aekrl t"kr on car dpewa `wecc ,zegcl did ozip mpn` aygdl ezwizy dwitqn ,car `ed egxk lrc m"ekrd .dta dlaw opirac `nip mzq xba la` ,dlaw xcqa m"anxd oeyla wcwcndc ,epi` dfc `l` my mby d`xi ,l"pd d"d c"ita wcvd ixb zlaw xfg m`" :my l"fc ,dlaw daiyg ez`gn i`y wcwecn oidyn oi` laiw m`e ekxcl jled ,lawl dvx `le ea xfg `ly epiid ,laiw m` yxtl yi o`k mbc ,"eze` .ekxcl jlde ea

m"anxdn di`x dlaw jixv oi`c `l` lreta `la driny zaygp d`gn dlawl

f"acxd oeyl daeyza

d`aed ,i"kn daeyza f"acxd oeyln x`ean oke azky g"n 'nr c"nyz zpy mdxa`l xekf uaewa cg` xqg m`y ,zewtqd el`a lecb llk jl ixd :l"fe mdilr jneq ip`y miwqetd zvwn zrcl mi`pz 'dn ipta xyk dewna dliahe ,dlin :od el`e ,ef d`xeda cg` el xqg m`e ,zeevn zvwn el miricene ,meiae ,'b xyke xiibzpy ieb `ed ixd `l` car oic el oi` ,el`n ixdy ,mi`pzd lk mdl eid `ly il `ixae ,ldwa `eal el` lk oi` ,epizenewna elit`e ,dxez ilra eid `l zkneq izrc ok lre ,aexwn `l` mixtq `le mihxtd egtqp xy` mixbd lk mbe ,ldwa `eal mze` xizdl elah `ly izazk xy`k `ed xacd m`e ...mdilr mielpd lke ,mixenb mixb md ixd ,zecar myl obedk dlin ,mixbd ihtynk mdl eyriy i`pzae ,dzr mdilr eaxrzpy mze` lk oke ...meiae xyk mewna dliahe enke ,zexb myl elahiy cr ldwa `eal oixeq` ,mda ,zevn zvwn mdl ricedl jixv oi`e ,dlrnl izazky

ziigcl oeiqp di`xd

oeiqpd ziigc

f"acxd oeyln lky x`ean zca zbdepy jl oi` l`xyi efn dlecb dlaw dlaw opira `le dta

.l"kr ,l`xyi zck ebdp xaky iptn zca zbdepd lky ,f"acxd ixacn

x`eane
.dta dlaw

opira `le efn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi` ,l`xyi

-
mixacn mpi`e mirney mpi`y zyxge yxg zexb oic

`ed ixd l"x xbk `ed ixd e` ,mixb eed `le xiibzdl ze`) jenqae ,eze` oixiibny `nlrc xbk epice ,xb oi` xiibzdl e`ay ohwe dhey yxgy `iad (hkw lke ,odilr zepzdl oixyk opi`y iptn ,oze` oilawn ohw la` ,eze` oilawn oi` zepzdl xyk oi`y in oi`e ,eizea` it lr eze` oiln ,zrc ea oi`y t"r` oeyle .l"kr ,dliahd zrya micard lr oipzn ,ezpeekc d`xp ,"zepzdl xyk" oke azky "oipzn" rciy zrc lr xiibzn ok zrc lry ,laiw m`e y"nl oixyk oi` el`e zeevnd zrced envr lr lawiye [.zepzdl
m"anxd ixacl xiibl xyt` dpi`y zyxg dpi`e zrney lk ,zxacn zeevna zbdepy zliah xg` cin .zexb `lc f"acxdl dta dlaw opira lkc xnel yi zyxga oky da jiiy `ly dta dlaw ziigcl oeiqp wtqd zhiyt

ail dix` 'x oe`bd wtzqpy dn heytl yi o`kne zyxg zexb zece` 'h 'iq `"g dix` al z"eya qpqexb `pic i`da xewgl yic ,zrney dpi`e zxacn dpi`y ,zexba zeevn zlawc oicd i` ,zexbl zeevn zlawc xn`iy epiidc ,lreta zevnd dyrn `wec opirac `ed dlin opirac enke ,zeevnd eilr lawnc yexita zeevnd lk miiwny ote`a mb okle ,zexba dliahe eilr lawiy cr xb ied `l ,ynn l`xyik bdpzne e` ,`cixb zevnd meiwa ibq `le dta yexita zeevnd df ied ,ynn l`xyik bdpzne zeevnd miiwnc oeik xn`iy lreta zeevn zlaw dyrn v"`e zeevn zlaw ynn l`xyik bdpzn `dc ,zeevnd eilr lawnc dta ,c"a ipta zevn zlaw opirac `de ,zeevnd miiwne zevn zlaw iedc ,zeevnd miiw `l cerc `kid wx `ed `kid jkitle ,zevnd miiwiy dghad c"a ipta ef xg`l mb z`f miiwi i`cec ,xakn zevnd miiw xaky `nip i`e .c"a ipta zeevnd zlaw opira `l ,ezexb miiwiy dghad wx `ed c"a ipta zevnd zlawc zevnd lawl `wec jixvy cgein oic ied `le zeevnd `l zevnd miiwiy i`cea opircic ikid k"` ,lreta ohw iab xnel xyt`e ,zevnd zlaw dyrn cer opira zlaw eiabl jiiy epi`c s` ,zevnd meiwa jpegy c"adc meyn ,zexb oic jiiy mewn lkn ,zeevnd zgbyd zgz didi m` `linne ,zexbd exear lawn dia`c zyxg iab d"de ,zeevnd miiwi i`cee c"ad miiwzy i`cec ,zeevnd miiwl dkpege ,`ed l`xyi dab zevnd zlaw jiiy `lc s` ,ikd meyne ,zevnd zbdpzn xakc `kid dxiibl xyt` ,`id ohwk `dc ('f 'iq) zea` zkxa xtqa oiire] .c"kr .zil`xyik `av xtqae ,zeevnd zlaw `id envr zexbd zlawc `l` ,zeevnd zlaw `wec v"`y azk ('g 'iq) ield mr dxizq iedc zexb aiyg `l lawn epi` m`y wx ,a"yr lawie edericeiy jixv okle ipdn `le zexbd xve`a oiire ,dfn xzei v"` lreta miiwn m` `linae xnc inwn eli`y (f"kw ze`) `"i zeaezkl mipe`bd oiliahn ohw xb `ped ax xn`c `d ,oe`b i`cedi ax lr eliahdl edn ohwe dhey car ,c"a zrc lr eze` ,mezq oeylde .k"r ,xbk `ed ixd xn`e ,oic zia zrc zrc mda oi` el`e ezrcl `diy jixvy xbk m`d

l"xbd ly ewtq xity i` qpqexb zyxg xiibl inc zxacn dpi`y zrney dpi`e zniiwny oeik lreta zeevnd zlaw opirac e` dta zeevn `kile

jiyndy lky x`ean l"pd m"anxd ixac itle zlaw `linn ied ,epnn yxt `le xeibd jildz z` ixacn x`ean oke ,dta dlaw jixv oi`e ,zeevn jl oi` ,l`xyi bdpna zbdepy oeiky ,l"pd f"acxd elit`e dt lra dlaw opira `le efn dlecb dlaw oecpa oky lke ,f"acxd ly epecpak dta lawl dleki oi`e ,dta lawzy jiiy `ly qpqexb l"`xbd ly df jci`l zegcl xyt` mpn` ,xyt` i`yn xyt` mipc jkle ,ea zakrn dlia oi` dlial ie`xd lkc ,`qib ,dta zeevnd lawl miie`xy f"acxde m"anxd oecpa dpi`y zyxgc `da k"`yn mda zlqet ef dlaw oi` epax ixacn wiiecn a"eike] ,dta zeevnd lawl die`x ck) zenaia dnly ly mia eixacn x`eany ,l"yxdn on rciy xby ,onwle lirl eixac ep`ade (a"r k"`e ,edericeiy v"`e zeheicd 'b ipta laeh zeevnd yie .dericeiy v"` zeevnd on zrceiy ef zyxg mb mzq xba ixiinc l"yxdn oecp ip`yc lirlck zegcl mpn` ,ea zlqet drced oi` jkitl .ericedl ie`xy eazky `"t seq lirl iz`ady mipey`xdn gikedl yi z` rizxdl ick mzlawe zeevn zvwn zrced zxhny on rceiy yxgac .zegnl lkei `ly ick e` xbd dia ipdnc ,eita mlawl leki epi`y wx zeevnd rzxp epi` zeevnd on rceiy mbd ixdy .zexb ipdn k"`e ,rciy oeik zegnl lkei `l mbe xiibzdln

jepg zgpna `icdl xizd zyxg xiibl dheye

`vz zyxt jepg zgpndl iz`vn oke .[yxga zexb zyxgac ,`icdl azky x`ez zti iab (a"lwz devn) `idc ,da xzene dliahn ,elld miyrnd dyer dheye

,zrc llkl `iz` `lc ,dgnz `nlc jiiy `le ,zxeib .y"r ,zxeib l"ede zekf iede ,mz`gn ipdn `le `ax'b c"a`x dlrd oke ,xiibzdl dlekiy x`eane c"ei dyn aiyde z"eya mdixc odkd dyn 'x oe`bd
lwdl elrd ok odkd n"xbd mb l"vf mdixc iwqaekic y"xbde miigl lcai

cl/1016 wiz) miipax c"qt oiire .a"yr (a"p 'iq) xiibl milekiy ,iwqaekic y"xbd ly ewqt (193 'nr dfa jix`dl cer xyt`e .xwir oke y"r ,zyxg .l"nk`e

cala dliaha ibqe zeevn zlawe zrced jixv oi` zeevnd on rcei xbd m` l"yxdn zrcl
x`eank yextp yixt i`c `ed mzlawe zeevnd `ed aeig dfi`l oiaiy epiidc ,(a"r f"n) zenaia `ly ick ,icedi zeidl jted xy`k envr z` qipkn ick e` xiibzn iziid `l rcei iziid eli` xn`i mipey`xa x`eank egxk lra xiibzpk aygi `ly `edy lk k"` ,'` wxt seqa lirl dfa epkx`de ea eniiwzp xak k"` ,zeevnd envrn elit`e rcei drced jixv epi`e zeevnd zrced ly minrhd lk xingdl yi b"dka mb dkldlc i`ce d`xpe ,zcgein zexb iedc i`ce ,edericed `l m` mle` ,ericedle `l` dlawde drcedd oi` r"ekl b"dkac ,`ilrn .xgaend on devnl zenaia dnly ly mia l"yxdn epaxl iz`vne ,mixg` miwqet edeazk `ly ycg xac (a"r c"k) d`xpe ,`icdl eixac lr wlgy in izi`x `l mpn` on rceiy xbac ,`ede ,eilr jenql xyt` dkldlc zrced jildz z` xearl xb eze` jixv oi` ,zeevnd 'it` ibq ,'b opirac `d :eixac el`e ,mzlawe zeevnd zeevn zvwn ricedl elkeiy opiray wx ,zeheicda 'it` laeh ,rci e` xak edericedyke ,zexenge zelw "rci e`" y"nne ,a"yr dligzkl zeheicd 'b ipta `la elit` 'b zliaha ibq eil`n rceiac gken .drced zrced zxhn lkc oeikc eixac xe`aa d`xpde
xe`aa d`xpd eixac l"yxdnd ixac

mixiibnd oevxa mb e` ,cala xiibznd oevxa dielz xiibzdl dhlgdd m`d


dn dligz el exn`i `l` ,xiibzn iziid `l mzelba dfd onfa l`xyiy rcei dz` i` ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x m` ,mdilr mi`a mixeqie mitxehne mitegqe mitegc milawn ,mdnr xagzdl i`ck ipi`e ip` rcei xn` `l` ,eze` oixiibn oi` oiicr mewn lkn la` ,cin eze` myd cegii `edy zcd ixwir dligz eze` oiricen ick ,df xaca enr mikix`ne dxf dcear xeqi`e jxazi jk xg` ,eilr lawl `a `edy dn oiiprd xwir rciy ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvw ok mb eze` oiricen dz` zay zllig ,zeevn ly oyper zvw eze` oiricene `ly ick df lke .zexneg zvw `peeb i`dke dliwq aiig elld zexnegd lk rcei iziid eli` o`kn xg`l xn`i .l"kr ,xiibzn iziid `l zeevnd zrced oiipr lky elln xexa eizty ixd eli` k"g` xn`i `ly xiibznd jxevl `ed ozlawe `l zernynd dn rciyk k"`e ,izxiibzd `l izrci .mixiibnd jxevl llk epi`e ,efk dprh orhi hhv`e yeald lra oeyln mb mix`ean el` mixac ick ,cine me`zt edelawi `l ,xiibzdl `ayke :epeyl l`xyi zexv rcei iziid eli` o`kn xg`l xn`i `ly
yeald oeyln mb zexbdc x`ean xiibzna dielz mixiibna `le

minrh dnk ep`ad r"eyd zrc xe`aa lirl zvwn zrced mrha mipexg`ae mipey`xa mi`aend :md el`e .xbl zeevn
xiibzn iziid `l rcei iziid eli` xn`i `ly ick .` .zerh gwnk iede .l`xyil zlrez mixbd oi`y ,xiibzdln erpenl ick .a epevxn `l` egxk lra xiibzpk aygi `ly ick .b .'` mrhl zvw dnec dfe ,iytegd

minrhd zvwn zrcedl xba zeevn

zexbd xwiry ,dl` minrh lkn wiicl yi n"ne dpi`e ,xiibznd ly iytegd epevxa wxe j` dielz lk z` el epxdady lke ,mixiibnd oevxa llk dielz miaiiegn mlaiwe xiibzdl epevx zeklyde zeiernyn .elawl ep`

xwiry `vei dfn `iilz zexbd `le xiibzna mixiibna

ixac xe`a yeald


zenaine oiyecwa `ibeqdn di`x

xiibznd oevxa `l` mixiibnd oevxa dielz zexbd oi`y


,exiibl enikqiy xn` in xnelk ,iwwcfnc xnii in "htyn"c mrhn 'b jixv xby xikfd dnl k"`c m` dpin `wtp i`n ,iwwcfnc xnii ine dia aizk m` elawl enikqi m` `ed xwird ,'a e` 'b jixv df `l` ,llk mda ielz df oi`c zn`a `l` ,e`l dfle ,xiibzdl hilgdy dna ely dhlgda ielz zexbd ly df oiiprl c"ak eidiy 'b onfl jixv
mb dfl di`x 'nbd oeyln a"r e"n zenaia

oevxa dielz zexbd oi`y jkl di`x `iadl yie opzc `dn `ede ,xiibznd oevxa `l` mixiibnd z` ixd dy`l xne`d :(`"r a"q sc) oiyecwa :i"yxte .zycewn dpi` ,xiibz`y xg`l il zycewn ecia oi` eiykre mlerl e`a `ly mixac dil dedc .dycwl ,ecia e`l ,('ipznc jpid) edlek `nlya ,'nbae `iig iax xn`c ,ecia e`l inp xb ,ecia ied xb `l` "htyn" h"n ,dyely jixv xb opgei 'x xn` `a` xa jkld ,`zlz ipd dil iwwcfnc xnii in ,oick dia aizk .k"r ,`ed ecia e`l dil iwwcfnc xnii in" xn`wc 'nbd `id zexbdy ,xiibzdl zeevn ick enr

dpynd oeyl a"q oiyecwa `"r

'nbd zehytn rnyn oke ,dia aizk "htyn"c dinwl `z`e lah `le lny xba (a"r e"n) zenaia cr o`k idy l"` ,sqei axe iax xa `iig iaxc xb n"y ,zlz n"y 'nba exn`e ,jpliahpe xgnl ,leahie leniy cr xb epi` n"ye ,dyely jixv ,"xb" dil exwcnc ,dlila xb oiliahn oi` n"ye oiicry `l` ,xiibzdl envr zrc lr hilgdy rnyn `iig iax l"` okle ,dil iwwcfnc 'b el jixv did ,jpliahpe xgnl cr o`k idy ,sqei axe iax xa zexbe dlila oipc oi`e ,dlila oiliahn oi`y itl

jk lr 'nbd oeyl

oeyle
el

wwcfdl miaiig mpi`y l"xc rnyn ,"`zlz ipd wqrzdle dliah dyely dkixve zrcede zllek

rnyn 'nbdn eidya ixiinc 'b eiptl miievn z`f lkae miyp` geha oi` el ewwcfiy exiibl

dfl ztqep di`x zenaia 'nbdn (`"r f"n)

iptl `ay dyrna (`"r f"n sc) mzd n"ke ,oick ,invr oial ipia "izxiibzp" el xn`e dcedi iax xiibzdl jiiy dn oic ziad oevxa ielzc `zi` m`c dielz dpi` zexbd mvry i`ce `l` ,envr oial epia

ielz `edy `l` ecia `xwp epi` df lke ,htynk xnelk ,el` enr wqrzdl evxi `ly xyt`e ,mda el`y xyt` ,miievn miyp` 'b eiptl eidi elit` e` ,zeaiq ipin lkn ezexba wqrzdl evxi `l ,eliaya mpnfn lhal evxi `le mpipra miweqry mixb ilawn mr zepndl mivex mpi` llkay e` drx" (a"r h"w sc) zenai 'nba mdilr exn`y mb oaen dfae .mixb ilawnl `eaz "drx xg` yi elit` xnelk ,`zlz "ipd" 'nbd oeyl weic ,dil iwwcfnc xnii in la` ,mipnefn `zlz eiptl xbl zkxvpd dlind zevn i"yx xikfd `ly dne iaxra ixiinc xyt` ,(a"r f"n) zenaia `zi`ck .ledn znkqd z` opira `lc ef 'nbn gikedl yie jixv xiibzdl `ad xby `zi` i`c ,exiibl c"ad c"ay xyt`e xb epi` df `lae exiibl c"a znkqd i`n k"` ,milawn mpi` minrtle milawn minrtl cia `l` ecia epi` `d ,ecia ied xb 'nba jixt ipync 'nbd uexiz edfc yxtle zerhl oi`e ,c"a
'nbdn dgked jixv oi`c c"a znkqd xbd xiibl

'qezd mb c"k zenaia eazk a"r epia zexb jiiyy envr oial jkl e`iade k"ke ,di`x zaya ixi`nd a"r g"q

'qezd eazky enke ely dhlgd `id `l` c"aa exiibzpy mitl` p"wd lr (a"r c"k sc) zenaia ikcxn iab ogky`cke ,exiibzp onvrnc ,cec inia xnelk ,"micdiizn ux`d inrn miaxe" xzq`e e` zekgl `la ,xiibzdl onvr zrc lr ehilgd didiy jixv dkldlc `l` ,oicd zia znkqda zelzl mil`xyi dyely qpkl leki okle ,dyely cnrna df (a"r g"q sc) zayl ixi`na oiire ,mdipta xiibzdl caricac ,dyely `la xiibzpy mzd ixiinc yxtny s"ixd zrc idefe xb ied envr oial epia elit` epi` xeibdc gken mdixacn mb k"` y"r ,rcepk xake .xiibznd ly epevxa wx mixg` oevxa ielz jxe`a lirl dfa ixi`nde s"ixd zrca epcnr zlawa mipey`xd zrc xe`aa epqxhpew zligza .myn epgw ,zakrn m` zeevn


df ceqi itl f"ide e"hd a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd ixac xe`a

m"anxd oeyln 'a yiy x`ean ixb .` mixb ibeq mixb .a wcv mdipye .mzq mixbl miaygp oeik mixenb elahe elny zexbdy t"r` lka ,ea dielz dpi` z`xwp z`f meyn ,ecia ecia oi`y cinz ezhilyae xiibzdl eiykr

ixb (` mibeq 'a mixba yiy micnl epivnp (a ,daiq mey `lle miny myl mi`ay ,wcvd mleke ,zezerixb ipin lk mda yiy ,mixbd x`y `xwp mewn lkn lahe lny lky ,mixb mi`xwp x`ye epziibeq mb okle .l`xyik epice "xb" hilgdl leki mc`y mdn d`xpy cenlzd zeibeq epi`e dfa el ic `ly dfa dpeekd ,xiibzn `edy mil`xyi 'b jixve ,envr oial epia xiibzdl leki y"nke zeevnd ericedle eliahdl el ewwcfiy ecia oi` epiidc ,ecia epi` `xwp okle ,i"yx ,mixg`a ielz `l` ecal oiiprd rvale hilgdl ixi`nd e`l azky lk edfe ,ecia epi` ixwn ,melk jkitl cizrl eiyecw oi` ,dycwl eiykr ecia oi`y xg`ny eciay exn`y t"r`e xg`lae ,ieyrk `ed ixd `l` inc dyrn xqegnk 'eke ok epi` ,xiibzdl ecia ixd `din xiibz`y dhlgdd la` ecia ied dhlgdd mvry l"x ,y"r jkitl ,eiykr ezhilyae ecia dpi` dreva lr zekldn f"it m"anxa `ed oke ,ecia e`l ixwn leki epi`y itl zycewn dpi`" (c"id) zeyi` .w"ece ,"dycwl dzr

b"it) a"eqi` 'lda m"anxd y"n oaen dfae oze` oigec `l mdl oiyyeg lecbd c"a eid"y (e"hd d`xzy cr oze` oiaxwn `le ,n"kn elahy xg` znkqda exiibzp `ly el`d mixba xnelk ."mzixg` ze`xl mikixv ,onvrn zeheicd 'b ipta exiibzpe c"a ,mzeibl exfg e` micedik ex`yp m` mzixg` didi dn x`aziy cr" (f"ida) my y"n mb oaen dfae odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitl"ye ,"ezwcv i"r exiibzp `ly el`ka ,xnelk ,"oceq dlbpy t"r` 'b i"r exiibzp wx ,jkl micreine miknqend c"a zekgl jixv if` ,zeevnd mericed `le ,zeheicd lirl y"n oiiprk ,ezwcv xxazzy cr ze`xle zxbqna ex`yi m` mzixg` didi dn ze`xl mikixvy eniiw jkitle ,mxeql mda exfgi e` icedid mrd mrd zxbqna ex`ypy itl ,odizeyp dnlye oeyny t"kre li`ed okle ,6 mcewd mnrl exfg `le icedid ,xb iede zexbl iqiqad oick ied ,'ba dliah dzyrp exiibzpy ixg` mdn yextl dywy azk (g"ida) okle oic m"anxd azky ixg`e ,exiibzp `xwp df mby ,b"i wxta miiepnd zepexqgd mr mirexbd mixbd .wcvd ixb zlaw xcq c"i wxta azk aey

oeyl xe`a t"r m"anxd oi`y df ceqi dielz zexbd lekie c"aa ipta xiibzdl zeheicd

dxezd lr eyexta o"anxdn di`x cala xiibznd ly epevxa dielz zexbdy


mixne`" (f"k ,a dinxi) xn`py oiprk ,miakek `id ik llkde ,"ipzcli z` oa`le ,dz` ia` url ,xg` mrl didze dzc z` dafr lr zla`zn miyery enk dgxk lra dze` oiliahn c"ay okzie wigxd ,htynk zcdizn dpi`y iptne ,micara
zxiibzna zxzen dpevxn el mlekl cin eig`le eia`le

`vz ik zyxta dxezl eyexta o"anxd l"fe dyxta mrhd :(ai ,`k mixac) x`ez zti oipra oil`ey oi`e ,dgxk lra zxiibzn `idy iptn ,efd dyrp xy`k cdizdle dzc aefrl uetgz m` dze` l`xyi zxez xenyzy lrad dl xn`i la` ,mixba z` dzkae mrh dfe ,dz`xi aefrze dgxk lra ,didl` z`e dnr z` aefrz ik ,dn` z`e dia` zcear `l` dia` oi` ,`aiwr 'x ly eyxcn `ede

ztia mrhd zxaery x`ez dwgxd jildz dzexby meyn dgxk lra

df ik llkd lre ,'eke dfd onfd lk aezkd dze` utga xiibzdl dzvx m` la` ,gxkdd xeara elek ,cin zxzen `id ixd ,htynk oic ziaa dytp

6. , " , ' ", " " , " " ". " " , , . ".


o"anxd oeyln xwiry gken dn `ed zexbd lr zlawny xiibzdl dnvr dpevxn

-
ulegd wxta exn` jke ,eig`le eia`l mb el mb gxi dn` z`e dia` z` dzkae ,(a"r fn zenai) la` ,dilr dlaw `ly ,mixen` mixac dna ,mini lka ik xyt`e .cin zxzene dliahn ,dilr dlaw iptn ik ,z`fd dxezk dyrp dnglna zeieayd dglye" (ci weqt) xn`e ,xiibzdl dpxn`z d`xid zc xenyl dpgixkp `le ,dpevxk dyrzy ,"dytpl dze` gixkp ,oevxa zxiibznd ik ,zicedie dyn lk`z m`e ,lwqz zayd llgz m`e ,dxezd xenyl m` z`f mbe ,cnzynd l`xyi oick dwlz xifgd dze` glyp `l ,gxkd `la zexbd dita ziced ,d`xid iptn dzexb dzidy aygp elit`y ,dytpl ,ck zenai) epilrd xaky ,dxenb zil`xyik dpic .l"kr ,"md mixb mlek dkld (a
lky xyt` dngln zeieay xearl zekixv iptn df jild zexiibzny d`xin dvex dpi` m` `l xiibzdl dze` migixkn dxezd xenyl oevxa zxiibznd dze` gixkp dxezd xenyl dita dlaw m` t"r` zexbd z`f dzyry dpic d`xin zil`xyik dkldc dxenb mixb mlek

dn zexbd xwiry gken l"pd o"anxd oeyln lr mb f`c ,dpevxn xiibzdl dnvr lr zlawny xenyl dpgixkp (dti c"a gky onfa) dgxk icedi lkk mdilr yprz xenyz `l m`e ,zeevnd ixd d`xin `l` dxiibzp `l elit`e ,cnzynd .mixb mlek dkldc dxenb zil`xyik `id

o"anxd oeyln mb gken dn `ed xwirdy xiibzdl dpevxy epzrc oi`e oipra daeyg

`ed xwirdy mb rnyn l"pd o"anxd ixacne lke oipra daeyg epzrc oi`e ,xiibzdl dpevx lr deplawy lke ,dlawl epilr xiibzdl dvexy zxaer m`e ,zeevna zaiigzn `id ixd dgxk df oi`e cala dpipr edfe ,dyper lawz mdilr epilry dzrc lewyl `l` epzrc lewyl oezp zeixg` epilr oi` deprcedy lke ,xaca drcil .miiwz `l e` zexbd xg` miiwzy dna

hb oia wligy dna h"ei bperd ixac xe`a miaiig mpi`y zexbl ezy` yxbl lral wwcfdl c"ad miaiigy
dxe`kl dinz bperd ixac lr 'nbn h"ei zenaia

zenaia yxetn 'nbac ,midenz eixac dxe`kle l"x ,opidyn `l devn iiedyc (a"r f"n sc) c"ad mieevn ,xiibzdl evtge ezrc ozpy rbxnc la` ,dpikyd itpk zgz eqipkdle elawle xdnl lr c"al `ay ina ixiin mzdc ,wlgl yic d`xp lawe exiibl c"ad enikqdy ixiine ,exiibl zpn ,opidyn `l devn iiedy ikdle ,c"aa zeevnd

,(d"pw 'iq) a"g h"ei bper z"eya izi`x dpde opixn` xb iab `wecc ,zexbl oihb oia wlgl azky aeig epivn `lc ,`zlz ia dil iwwcfnc xnii in c"ad m` xiibzdl `ad xbd z` lawl c"a lr m"ekr `ed ixd xiibzp `ly onf lkc ,mivex mpi` la` ,"jzinr hetyz wcva"c `xw dia aizk `le c"ad oiaiegn ,dgxk lra ezy` z` yxbl `ay in edrxl yi` oiay mipic lka enk ,el wwcfdl jiiy `le "jzinr z` hetyz wcva" dia opixwc miaiegny ,`zlz ia dil iwwcfnc xnii in xnel oiyexbc `zkec lka opixn` ikdle ,wwcfdl md ,`zlz irac b"r` dgxk lra dyxbl ecia ixwin .y"r c"kr

eixac aeyi

h"ei bper z"eya oihb oia wlgn hbac zexbl c"ad miaiiegn el wwcfdl lra dyxbl k"`yn dgxk xba

lr hilgdy xba envr zrc opixn` xiibzdl iwwcfnc xnii in zlz ipd dil

,xiibzdl utgy envr zrc lr hilgdy in k"`yn devn mey oi`e dil iwwcfnc xnii in ,dfkl (oiwc`xt) r"d` cqg zxez z"eya oiire ,7 exiibl dil iwwcfnc xnii in opixn` xb iabc ,(a"k 'iq) meyne ,zgtqk l`xyil mixb miywc meyn ,`zlz dil iwwcfnc xnii in opixn`c `ed dfa ikd

7. )' '(, " ) "(, , ) " "( , , )" "( ', )" "( " , , " " " " )' "( " ' " )' " " "(, , ' " ." ", ) " " (, , , '

,'ek xnii in opixn` `l `nlra k"`yn ,`zlz 'iq) g"e` q"zg z"eya k"kye ,igiky zeheicd 'bc 'iq) xdvie yexiz z"eya cer d`xe ,y"r (f"hw `lc xb d"c 'qezd eazkc oeikc ,wiicy (c"q epiid `zlz ipd xn`w jkl k"` ,oignen opira xnii in xn`wc inp `wiic ,dfa mikxvpd `zlzd ,ipd zlin wiicl l"ynk `ede .y"r dil iwwcfnc opira `lc ,mignen mpi`y elit`e "ipd" lkc 'iga oiire ,ibq zeheicd 'ba elit` caricae oignen

ipd opira n"n oignen opira `lc s`c ,y"yxd carica ixd t"krc gxken epi`e ,y"r dfl miie`xc oi`e m"anxd y"nke xb ied zeheicd 'ba elit`e ixi`nd azk ,dligzkl oiiprle ,zakrn drcedd lkd zeevnd lk llkc (a"r f"n sc) zenai 'iga l"xc ,df oiiprl oignenk lkd ok m`e ,oze` oircei legi xiibzdl `ay iny ,zillk drced edericeiy ipda ibq mb dfle ,zeevn miiwl aeig dzrn eilr .w'ece minkg icinlz opirac `ed dligzkle ,`zlz

`ax'b c"a`x l"vf odkd dyn oetlk epax ixaca mb el wwcfiy in `vni cinz `ly wx xiibznd zhlgda dielz zexbdy x`ean
`ly xg` mrh ,ezexbl ewwcfi zexb iedc meyn zey` myl

in opixn`c dnc ,cer xnel xyt` dxe`kle z` ixd xne`dc meyn epiid ,dil iwwcfnc xnii myl zexb ied ,xiibz`y xg`l il zycewn daiql `a m` eixg` oiwcea dligzkl ixde ,oi`eyip ixd daiql `a m`e ,(`"d c"it) m"anxd y"nke 'nbd zehytk l"iiw caricac s`e ,eze` oigec ,xb iedc (c"id b"it) m"anxde (a"r c"k) zenai azky s`e ,efk zexbl dil wwcfnc xnii in n"n e`ay el`k mb mixiibn zeheicdd eidy m"anxd zeyrl minikqn `nlr ilek e`l n"n ,daiql ecia e`l oiicr k"`e df jxevl zeheicd mnvr lekie ,ely `id xiibzdl dhlgddy 'it`e ,ixwn ecia e`l zycewn `dzy oiprl n"n ,dfl ribdl ezhilyae ecia `diy opira oiyeciw oiprle ,ixwn qxhpewd zligza lirl izwiicy dn oiire .ixnbl .y"r ,my oiyecwa i"yxn

odkd dyn oetlk epaxl i`ex ixg` izi`x ab`e 'h dpy) sq`nd oegxia xn`na `ax'b c"a`x l"f xnii in 'nba exn`y dn x`al azky ,('f zxaeg ,zgtqk l`xyil mixb miywc meyn ,dil iwwfnc "htyn" xbac ,xky f"r milhep `lc meyn mbe epi`e minkgd z` xikn epi` i`ce xbc cere ,aizk xa ok `l ,ea rbety cg`a ibq `le ,jli inl rcei xy` xbac l"iere ,eixikne eircei lkd l`xyi ,dia xcd `nlce 'eke xiibzdl zi`x dn el mixne` ,y"r dlhal gexhl evxi `ly ,dil iwwcfn `l okl 'iq) r"d` h"g l`ype l`ey extqa eqtcp eixace zeevnd ericedl micnel jixv xbac siqed mye .(c"p l"iere ,dil iwwcfn `le igiky `l okle ,eliahdle mihnzyn okl eipica oi`iwa oi`e giky `l xbc df lkn t"kre ,mipekp eivexiz lke ,el wwcfdln ,ezhlgdae ea dielz ezexb lr dhlgddy gken .`ibeqd zehytke

epax ixaca odkd dyn oetlk mrhdy x`ean `ly okziy dfl in `vni ,ezexbl wwcfiy minrhn `ed x`eane miipkh eixacn dhlgddy dielz xiibzdl xiibznd oevxa cala

, " ", ' , , , , " )' " - ( " )" ' "-( , , , " , " " " , ," )( " ', ", ', " " ' , " . , , " .

-
c"ad `le xiibznd zhlgda dielz zexbdy wiiecn f"acxd zaeyzn mb

ernhpy zexec dnk ixg` 'it`e ,ea xefgl lekiy eid m`y" dzenk cledy dieb mn`e minxbezd oia milekiy zcl azek `le ,"xefgl `xew mileki dfle eid mivex dliahe dlin mikixvy mpic dieb mn`y oeik ixde xiibzdl xefgl f"acxd ,xeibe epi`y wx `le ,xacd ielz mcia wxe l`xyi `xew epi` s` `l` ,xiibzdl mikixvy yibcn milekie diebdn mixnend ipa mdy wx ,mixb mdl xfege mcia ezavgn ielzy xevl rnyn xfegy "mileki" in oiiprk oeyle xefgl ,daeyza .mxiibl

daeyza f"acxd y"nn wiicle cer siqedl yie xeq`a mixnend ipa oiprl oecl (a"i 'iq c"g) yiy dne" :l"fe azk ezaeyz jezae .ziaix oke ,mnvr mixnenk md mixnend ipa m` ,wcwcl ixd ,xfeg epi`e ea xefgl leki `edy oeiky ,oica mixnen ipa ipdc reci iede ,xnen envra `ed m` la` ,zxnen inp eni`c opirac epiid ,oxn`c exary el`a oky lk ,denk cled zixkep eni` ,minxbezd oia ernhp xake zexec dnk mdilr zcl xefgl mileki eid mivex eid m`y cere ,rnye zkqd `zyde .c"zkr ,"`paizkcke l`xyi oica oke miinrt yexita f"acxd azeky dna

f"acxd ixacn yi daeyza zlawy wiicl mi`ad mixb l`xyi rxfn dielz dpi` c"aa

mikqi `l e` mikqi m` c"aa ielzy `le ,ixnbl

opgl` wgvi 'x ziiyew eziiyew aeyiie ,ecia iedc a"r e"n zaya opixn` i`n`
yi xzei n"n ,dil iwwcfn i` wtqac s` ,`zlz ,ezrcn xacd dvwd `l ikd meyn ,iwwcfnc aeygl itlc s`c ,eixac lr xirdl yi c"rle .c"zkr lkei seq lk seq ixdy ,wtqa xacd oi` zn`d ielze ,dzr ecia ixwin `l oiicr n"n ,xiibzdl enikqi `l el` m`c s`e ,mznkqde mixg` zrca df ,eywean biyie mixg`l jli ,el ewwcfi `l e` el yiy zaya k"`yn ,iwwcfnc xnii in `xwp .w'ece ecia `xwp ,`zlza e` mkga e` zexyt`d opgl` wgvi iax oe`bd ziiyew zayein dfae zaya i`n` ,dywdy ,wgvi x`a z"eya `paewn dil wwcfn `l i`c ,ecia iedc opixn` (a"r e"n) `yn xtqa azke ,y"r `zlz dil iwwcfn mkg `diy opira oiyecwac ,wlgl yic ('a 'iq) ield opixn` okle ,mlerl `ak f"ir eayegl ixnbl ecia ecia epi` ,`ed wtqc oeike ,dil iwwcfnc xnii in ,xcpd meync ,dvwen oiprl i`w zaya la` ,ixnbl i"r xzid el yic oeik opixn` ,ezrcn xacd dvwd
ziiyew aeyii wgvi 'x oe`bd `paewn opgl` df t"r

l"vf il`xyi y"xbde `xity `"xbd ixac mdixac lr xirdl yiy dne ,mlawl m` c"ad zhlgda dielz zexbdy
mikiiy mdixac wcvd ixba wx

mdixac

oi`e

.(d"l

'nr

`"g)

mdxa`

`"xbd eazky enk `lc `ed ,lirl y"nc rce ,(228 'nr) a"g mler xe` uaewa l"vf `xity 'iq a"g) oinipa zeeg extqa l"vf il`xyi y"xbde wx epi` k"` zexbl c"a jixv m`y d`xpc ,(f"q ,ldwl eze` milawn c"ad `l` ,mdiptl dyriy `edy miwqet c"ady ,dia aizk htyn llka dfe c"a zgpna `vniy eixacl xnii oiiv ine ,icedi zeidl lawzn `xity `"xbde ,edelawiy

,wcv ixb zeidl c"al mi`ad iabl wx migxken ixb oilawn cvik mipicd m"anxd azk mdilry myl xiibznd enk daiql mi`ay el` la` ,wcvd lr 'b iptl jli `l` ,c"al jli `l ixd ,dyi` daiqd mb efe .epziibeq zehytk edexiibiy zpn odizeyp `xwirn e`iad `l dnlye oeynyy ,miyer daiq myle li`edc erci ik ,c"aa xiibzdl

`"xbd ixac y"xbde `xity zexbdc il`xyi oevxa dielz c"ad

myl mixiibznd mpi` zeyi` ,c"al mikled 'bl `l` mzexbe zeheicd zqtez


lk dyere eixwl


laehe l`xyi ikxca bdepy

mikxc 'a yic ,xne` dz` `vnp .mlawi `l c"ad ,mzq xb zeidl e` ,wcv xb zeidl e` ,xb zeidl cvik azky c"it yixa m"anxd oeyl wiiecn dfae cvik wx l"led `l dxe`kle ,wcvd ixb milawn `l` ,dfl zekiiyd zekldd x`ale ,mixb milawn ixbk zeidl e` ,xiibznd iptl mikxc 'a yiy b"ita epeyla x`ean oke .mzq xb zeidl e` ,wcv liaya m"ekrd on xfegd lky 'ky e"hd a"eqi`n epiid ,l"kr ,"wcvd ixbn epi` mlerd iladn xac mixifgny f"i 'lda x`eanke `ed xenb xby `ay ,wcv xb mya dpekn epi`y `l` ,ezcia` xb oke" 'k 'h 'ld my oke ,ecerie ezilkz l`

oi`y t"r`e wcvd ixb zwfga el` ixd zeevnd edfe .l"kr ,"exiibzp in iptl micirny micr my miwicvd lr" dxyr dpeny zlitza mixne` ep`y `p endi epilre wcvd ixb lre miciqgd lre wcvd ixb ly mzlrn mieyny epiid ,'eke "jingx mzexbe `l` ep`y dipt cer mcew mey `le `ll lkle miny dixcq myl lkl ep` miwicvd exiibzpy dzyrp zlrnl minicwny ,dligzkl diwecwc mdilr

,miciqgde lltzdl

.epnvr lr milltzn

`"cigd oxn ixaca gken epixack zeheicd i"re oignen c"a i"r ,xeibl mikxc 'a yiy
`edy xba k"`yn ,'eke zi`x dn el mixne`e ,eixg` zaa utgy oebk ,daiql `ay ,wcv xb epi`y rcei `ly rceiy c"al `eal dn el oi`e ,jtida e` l`xyi y"nke zeheicd ly c"al jled okl ,dligzkl edelawi mze`l `xwzy oia ,xb iede edelawi mde ,miipir gztd c"a mdl `xwz `ly oia ,zeheicd ly c"a zeheicd n"dd y"na ahid oiir] ,zeheicd 'b `l` ,zeheicd eizeyp xiiby dnly mb okle [w"ece e"hd b"ita n"kde y"nk c"a t"r `l ok dyr ,oz`yl zpn lr zeixkepd rciy ,c"a znkqd t"r `ly l"x ,(f"hda) m"anxd n"ne ,daiq meyl zexb iedc megci dligzkl c"ay cvn rpnp xacd did m` ok eyr ji`e me`ype ,mexiib
,xeiba mikxc 'a .a ,wcvd ixb .` ly dpi`y zexb zexb `l` wcv mdipye .mzq mixken milelqn miixyt`e

gzt xtqa `"cigd epiaxl izi`x ,`pc law lk xtq zlibnd ixac z` `iady ,(`"it) oixcdpq miipir ly eipa ipanc opixn`c 'nbd lr dywdy ,e"hw oie`l lky oeik ,zexb dl zgkyn ikidc ,dxez ecnl ond oial epia xiibzp m`e ,mlawl `ly oieevn l`xyi lawiye 'b opira caricae ,ieb ied carica s` ,envr zepn xtqa k"ky `"cigd eilr xirde ,'b ipta zeevnd c"k sc) zenaia 'qezd k"kye ,uawl` y"xdl ield onvrn ,cec inia exiibzpy mitl` p"wdc ,(a"r azk xakc ,n"wl eziiyewe ,md mixb mleke ,exiibzp daxd mixb eidc (e"hd b"it) a"eqi` 'da m"anxd c"a eide ,zeheicd ipta dnlye cec inia mixiibzn onvrnc zexb zgkync ixd ,'eke mdl oiyyeg lecbd iptl exiibzp `l` lecbd c"a t"r `ly epiid exiibzp c"al d`xp m`y p"d`e ,`"cigd miiqe ,zeheicd c"a .y"r ,oi`yx oir milrdl lecbd mzql wcvd ixb oia milcadd oia zn`a dpde wxt yixa m"anxd azky izednd lcadd edf ,mixb xiibzdl cg` `eaiyk ,wcvd ixb oilawn cvik ,c"i el mixne` ,dlir e`vni `le eixg` ewcaie m"ekrd on lr eidi exeib ipiipr lky utg wcvd xb epiidc ,'eke miwcea mde c"a iptl `a `ed okle ,aeh xzeid cv

oxn ixaca mb x`ean `"cigd mikxc 'a yiy ipta .` xiibzdl .a oignen c"a zeheicd ipta

jxc ,xeiba mikxc 'a yi oicd onc i`ce `l` ,oicd dpi`y zexb oiiprl dipy jxce ,wcvd ixb oiiprl zg` eli`ke ,mzegcl xyt` i`e ,zexb mzq `l` wcv zexb ixb ly lelqn ,miixyt`e mixken milelqn 'a mpyi t"r `ly daeh zegt zexbl lelqne ,oic ziaa wcv uxt epiaxe m"xdn 'qeza eazk dfn dxizie ,c"a did inp dligzkl ,ikd i` d"c (a"r c"k sc) zenaia zefl meync dkldc oeik n"ne .y"r ,l"kr xizdl epl mb f` zyxtnac xyt` ,dp`yi `l dligzkl miizty heyt ,n"ne ,delawi `l c"a dligzkl zexb oiiprl .zeheicd 'b t"r xiibzdl dlekiy

xb oia lcadd myl `ay wcv mzq xbl miny xac myl `ay ipta xiibzn dfy xiibzn dfe c"a zeheicd ipta x`ean dfe m"anxa

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dligzkl `l` c"a v"`c f"acxd ixacn x`ean oky

oi` ,dlahe dxiibzpy dl eciriy mdl dxn` `ide .a"yr ,maiigl


zaeyz xe`a l"pd f"acxd

'iq) c"g f"acxd ixac z` mb oiadl jixv jke `le c"a my eid `ly inp oke" :l"fe epecpa (e"t la` ,xgaend on devnl df lk ,zeevn zvwn dericed dligzklc ,f"acxd xiaqde ."`ed xenb xb carica lah `l m` dixal opilqt `l carica la` ,'b opira ,`id dxenb zxeib ef dyi`c zcnl `d ,dyely ipta dn c"ad oiaiig ,deliahdy c"a my eid m`e ,`nlra micr `l` my oi`y c"ecpa la` ,edeciqtdy

m` dtwz zeidl dleki zexbdy ,eixacn oaende 'b zpnfny wx ,c"a cnrn `la s` ,'b ipta dzyrp s` ,zexb ied df mbe ,zexbd lr micr zeidl miyp` oky lk ,f"acxd ixaca yxetnk zeevnd zlaw `la ly c"ak el miyrpe zeevnd el miricen elld 'bdyk .exeibl 'b

mb oiadl yi jk ly eixac z` daeyza f"acxd e"t 'iq c"g

upiv l"`xdne xi`n ziad dnly zcngd mipexg`d ilecbn df ceqil zekenq
l"`xdnd y"cngdl edpry dn mbe (h"k 'iqa) y"cngd aiyde xfgy dne ,('p 'iq) a"g ytp zaiyn z"eya upiv ytp zaiyn z"eya upiv l"`xdne ,('l 'iq) y"cngd el d`xpke ,(l"pd 'l 'iq) y"cngd c"r aiydl azk my ccvy dn lr ,n"ne ,xi`n ziad d`x `l ef daeyzy zeevnd lawzy c"ad ewwcfp `ly onf lky y"cngd oi` lawl dvexy zxne`y s` dze` xiibl ick mdipta df" :l"fe xi`n ziad f"r azk ,df lr zeevn zlaw my xityc dhep izrc `nzqn di`x `lae ,di`x jixv c"rl dnir xacl eaxde 'b ipta didyke ,"zeevn zlaw aeyg zaiyn z"eya zn`ae ,`aeh yginl `ki` i`cea l"pk ztqeza ,('l 'iq) y"cngd zaeyz d`aed l"pd ytp metl :l"fe ,y"cngd ixaca epiptl qetca z`vnp `ly wwcfdl f` did c"ad zpeek oi` m`c l"p did `hdix dzxin`c ,df oiiprl llk c"a my mdilr oi` dzexbl m` wx ,zeevnd zlaw df oi` xiibzdl dpevxy dxn`y ip`y oircei eed dxn` m` zlef ,dxiibzdl f` miwwcfn y"cngd mby ixd ,c"kr ,zeevn ler mkiptl zlawn zeevnd zlawn ip`y oircei ieed dxn` m`y dcen .dl yegl yiy zeevn zlaw ded ,mkiptl
l"`xdn zhiy opirac upiv `ly ick c"a ea xefgl lkei ezexbn

s`e miycgk dxe`kl mi`xp elld mixacdy itle 'b ixacn zekenq dfl `iape dfa oiirp ,zvwna mixfen ,azk (h"k 'iq) dnly zcng z"eya ik ,mler ilecb zg` zxeiba oicd mdl x`al ,zg` dpicnn l`ypy eixac xiaqde ,oicd dn ,cala miyp t"r dxiibzpy zexb oiipr mey my did `ly t"r`y (c"k ze`a my) dz`a daeaq jxca ile` yegl mewn yi n"n ,llk ,zeevn zlaw enk ied dxaicy mixac ieaxe ,c"a iptl onf lk c"rl d`xp icicl ik s`e y"cngd jiynne xiibl ick mdipta zeevnd lawzy c"a dl ewwcfp `ly zeevn zlaw my oi` lawl dvexy zxne`y s`e dze` xnii in oiyecwa `zi`c dnn dfl dlecb di`xe ,f"r lawl xne`y dnc `nip i`e ,`zlz dil oiwwcfnc lekiy ecia iedc heyt d`xp ,zeevn zlaw ied zeevn dywdy dne ,y"r ,ok xnele c"a ayen mewna jlil miyxtndn mixaqd dnk iz`ad lirl dpd ,jlil lekiy mivtg jk lk `l iebd zexbac ,dil iwwcfnc xnii inl dlind dlawd xnelk zexbd mvrl epiide ,wwcfdl df oi` elawl `l e` elawl hilgdl la` ,dliahde mday mixacd dyrie xiibzdl utg m`y ,c"aa ielz `aekrl c"ad oi`y f"acxd y"nke xb ied ,mixiibzn `le ,zexbd swez z` dlez mzhlgd oi`y y"ke ,l"pk ded i`c xazqne ,l"pd f"acxd zaeyz y"cngd d`x .xfeg zeidl ie`x oky dia xcd ded dl ifg oe`bdl ,exec ilecb 'al ezaeyz gly y"cngde ,w'veltn upiv l"`xdn oe`bdle xi`n zia lra 'iq) xi`n zia z"eya dqtcp eil` xi`n ziad zaeyze ixac mb eipir d`xnl eid xi`n zia axde ,(a"i
dnlrp y"cngdn f"acxd zaeyz l"pd y"cngd ziiyew eziiyew aeyie ixacn dfl di`x ziad ,y"cngd l"`xdne xi`n upiv y"cngd ixac xe`aa daeyza xnii in ziibeq ipd dil iwwcfnc zlz

`dc ,`ide ,zxg` dhiy el yi upiv l"`xdne `nil` `l c"aa `lyc meyn epiid ,c"a opirac la` ,mly eaal oi` ote ,ea xefgi ile`e k"k zexb xb dieeyl dpic iac `zlin `nil` ,c"aa xiibzpyk c"a jixv `l i`ce `l` :l"fe my cer k"ke .cin k"g` bdpzn m`e ,dlre laha cin xb didiy llk xb ied l`xyi zca wifgiyn ,zexyka l`xyi zca hrnk mi`apzn mi`iap 'by `et` `vei ,c"zkr xenb

gly y"cngd ilecbl ezaeyz xi`n ziad exec upiv l"`xdne lr ebiyd mde eixac

c"aa e` 'b ipta zxne`y `kidc cg` oepbqa iedc yegl yi carica ,zeevnd dilr zlawny

zexb myl 'b ipta k"g` dlahyke ,zeevn zlaw .xeib ied

exiibzi `ly ick c"a ipta dfd onfa xeib xcq epwz zeheicd ipta xiibzdl ixnbl rpndl zlcd exbq `l n"ne mnvr oial mpia
,dlahy lkl recic oeikc miyxtn yi"c ,zexb oiiprl ,(`"l 'iq) y"`xda d"ke ,y"r "inc my micner eli`k
a"xbd zdinz ihle'f

did xeibd oiipr mecw onfac ixg` zn`ac ,l"p cere epiide ,"micdiizn ux`d inrn miaxe" aezky enke uext epwz ikdl ,cec iniay mitl` p"wd enke ,mnvr zrc lr `ay xb (`"r f"n) zenai 'nbd oeyl weic edfe ,xeibl xcq ,epiptl c"al `a `edy dfd onfa epiid ,dfd onfa xiibzdl ,mnvr oial mpia mixiibzn eid mipencw mipnfa k"`yn ,c"al `ay inl xeibd xcq azk c"ita m"anxd k"tr`e oeyny zeyp ixeib oic x`al jix`de rpnp `l n"ne ef mby ,zexedl ,zeheicd 'b iptl xiibzpy xbe dnlye `niz `lc ,xb ied caricae ,xeibd ipte`n zg` zexyt` `l c"a znkqda `le c"aa `ly xiibznd lk dfd onfac .xb ied n"n ,mixyk 'b ipta lahe lny lky `l` ,xb ied t"r`c ,zexb oic xwira gikedl yic ,cer d`xpe htyn zxez dfl iednlc e`l ,'b opirac htynn opitlic `lc gked xak ixdy ,ipdn `l c"aa dyrp `l m`e c"ak ,f"acxd y"nke dligzkl m` ik `aekirl c"a opira ,xb iedc r"yae m"anxda wqtpy zeheicdd 'b oiiprke uxzl eazk ,in d"c (a"r d"n) zenaia 'qezd dpdc dcp zliah `ipdn ji`e dyely jixv xbac diyewd

,b"i) t"rayez uaewa l"vf ihle'f l`lva 'x oe`bd azke lkl recic oeikc xnel jiiy dnc ,denzl (e"n cenr ipica wx jiiy dfc ,my micner c"a eli`k ,dlahy c"a zxeza la` ,zecr k"b df ixd "icdq op`c" zecr eli`k aygz c"ad zriciy "icdq op`" ly xcb epivn `l

epiwzd l"fg exiibziy f"dfa ick c"a ipta xeibd didi `ly lk n"ne ,uext ipta lahe lny xb ied mixyk 'b

ezdinzl evexz

miyxtn yidc ,gxken d`xp xy`e ?my micner md yiy `l ,dia aizk htync c"a jixv zexbac `dc ,ixaq dyer c"ay epiide c"a dyrn lkk htyn zxez jk lr `l` ,xbd ly dliahe dlin i"r zexbd oic zelg z` myl lahe lny envr xbd i"r dyrp zexb oic zelgc ,jky oeike ,c"a ipta zeidl jixvy `ed oicy wx ,zexb eidi c"ay opira `lc ,miyxtn yid zxaq dpekp xity ,zexbd zelge xnb `edy dliahd zrya my micner dna ibq `l` ,zexbd oic zelg z` dyer c"ad `l ixdy ipta zexbd dzyrp eli`k df ixde ,dlahy mircei c"ay

n"wl epxac itl

opira zexbac ,mixexa xzei mixacd l"yntle .y"r c"a ,c"ad znkqd `aekirl opira `l j` ,htynn cnlpc 'b .xb iede c"ak df oiprl mpic ,'b ipta xiibzpy lke

zexby t"r` ,"htyn" zaygp oic dl oi` ,ixnbl htyn wx dpeekd `l` elit`e 'b opirac zxeza eidi micr

l"vf ihle'f a"xbd c"r zexrd micrk mnvr e`xy zeheicd 'b ipta xiibzpy xb oica
oecpa m` zexb ied f"acxd epecpa oky lk

zereyi xtqn `iady dn mb okle ,micrk eedlc evx `ly `kid oic zencl azky ('b 'iq) n"eg l`xyi ipdn `lc mpevxl `ly mdipta lahe xbl eze` lawl (`"q) c"g l"aixdn z"eya y"nl df dnice ,zexbl iptl cirdy cr oklc ,mgxk lra mipiic miyrp mpi`c crde ,dreay `la ezecr lawl c"ad evx `le ,c"a mpi`c l"i ,mpevx `la ezecr cibde rayil dvx `l ,wlgl yi c"rl .y"r ,mgxk lra mipiic miyrp erciy oebke ,elawl evx `l yextay ixiin mzdc k"`yn ,eze` milawn oi`y oicdy ,daiq meyl `ay

l"pd oe`bd ixac xcq lr dxvwa `ea` dzrne 'b iptl xiibzpy xba wtzqdy ,t"rayez uaewa `l` ,mipiick mnvr z` e`x `le eyyg `ly ,zeheicd m` ,micrk xeibd zrya migkep zeidl mze` epinfd ,l"pd y"cngd ixacn `iade ,c"a ipta xeib aiyg df edeaiydy dne y"cngd ixac lk xnc dinw eniiq `le oinfdy ixiinc epecpa n"ne ,ytp zaiynde xi`n ziad daeyza f"acxd oecpk ied ,ezexb lr micr zeidl 'b enke ,zexbk df aiygdl oky lknae ,lirl zxkfpd mpinfd e` c"ak zeidl mpinfd m` oia f"acxd oigady

oia wlgl yi dzid `ly epecp zecbpzd ly zyxetn zlawl c"ad oial zexbd ly mpecip l`xyi zereyid l"aixdne zecbpzd dzidy zyxetn

a"xbd ly ewtq xba ihle'f 'b ipta xiibzpy e`xy zeheicd micrk mnvr m`d mipiic `le xeib aiyg

lk d`x `ly y"cngd ixac ilecb ixace xi`n ziad exec upiv l"`xdne zexb ied xityc


d"`ixbd mb azk bevxd df ceqik

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ecbpzd `le micr zxeza `l` `xwirn e`a `l m` daiq el yiy erciy oia ,eicr zeidl enikqde ,jkl mby xyt`e l"aixdnd mb dfa ,erci `ly oiae inc 'nbd zehytk edfe ,xb iedc ecei awri zereyid ,dfa minikqn r"ek `lc ,dil iwwcfnc xnii
z` zegcl yi a"xbd ixac y"na ihle'f oia wlgl oi`y mipecpd

ezaeyza zxkfn uaewa bevxd d"`ixbdl izi`x oke xbay dna opeazdl yiy azky ,('a ze`) zexb oipra o`k yi ike ,o`kl htyn oipr dn dxe`kly ,htyn aezk el exn`iy cr xb epi` ike ,c"a wqte oic lra zeprh `ed ixd ,dliahdn dlriy oeik i`ce `l` ,dz` l`xyi htyny l"ve ,o`kl htyn oipr dne ,xac lkl l`xyik y"r ,dyly jixv xby zexedl `l` epi` ,xba aezkd 'iq a"g) oinipa zeeg xtqa y"na r"re ,dfa jix`dy dn oaen ,l"pd f"acxd ixac zelbp zelbdae ,('ie 'h ze` f"q ewwcfiy ote`e jxc lr didz `l m` s` zexbl `zi` ik ezlaw oiprl zeheicd 'b el ewwcfiy dna `l` ,c"a el c"ad oicy f"acxd c"tre ,ibq dliahde dlind zeevnd ,dligzkle xgaend on devnl m` ik epi` zeevn zrcede zexba `ed oic m`y ,dheyt dybxd cer aeyii dfa giexp dl zgkyn `l ez ,k"` ,htynn opitlic c"a opirac zeidl mikixv zexbd dyrn lkye ,c"al uegn zexb mey zexbl `zi`c mdn rnync zeibeqd mze` lk k"`e ,c"aa .w'ece `paizkck i`ce `l` ,elf` o`nk ,c"aa `ly

,zexb mzexbe zeheicd ly c"ak eed dfa minikqnyke lcad lk oi`c heyt dfc ,my jenqa y"n mb okle `ly mdipta lahe xbl eze` lawl evx `l m` oia `l` ,xb didiy evx m` oial ,zexb ipdn `lc mpevxa mpevxa `ly mdipta lahe ,c"a zeidl evx `l mdy iednl ipdn `lc (micr mdy eaygy) c"a zeidl k"` ,c"a zeidl dpeek mikixv mipiicc oeik ,zexbd ,mixb lawl c"a zxeza zeidl ewwfp `ly cer lk oe`bdl dil hiytc i`n .k"r ,c"a ipta zexb ef oi` oia wlgl yi xityc ,dizehiyt i`nc denzl yi l"pd oial ,exiibl c"al el zeidl eaxqe elawl eaxqyk mpinfdyk zn`ae ,micr zxeza zeidl mpinfdy `kid `l e` enikqiy c"ak `le ,cala micr zxeza zeidl d`xpc ,xac `l dfd ote`d lre ,oicd `di dn ,enikqi mixacd ixde ,l"pn efe ,llk ipdn `lc dil `hiytc

iptl `ad f"dfa mixyk 'b ipipra mirceiy edericede zexb zeevn zvwn lahe lne lawe zexb ied mdipta df oi`y elit` cgein c"a zexbl

iptl mi`a mixiibznd lky f"dfa oecl yi dpine iptl xbd `ay xiievi el ,mxiible mlawl zpn lr c"a lawe ,oick zeevnd edericede ,xeib ipiipra mirceiy 'b `ly s` zexb xity ied ,mdipta lahe lne ,mdipta sicr xzei daxd dfe ,xeibl cgein c"a i"r df dyrp ytp zaiynde ,xi`n ziad ,y"cngde ,f"acxd y"nn zlaw mbc ,(c"n 'iq) ax mgl z"eya oiire ,mdipecpa `l ok lre ,'b ipta `ziixe`cn opira `l zeevnd ,`nlra zecrl wx opira mipye ,dixal dil opilqt

cvn zxeib `iedc epecpa l"pd f"acxa yexta e`a m` ik epi` zexbl c"a oice ,micr zxeza my eidy .dligzkl 'qez ixacn my `iady dnn ,`iadl yi dfl wefige jpia zxiibzpy micr jl yi ,(`"r f"n) zenaia y"`xd epia e`l ,micr el yi m` ,dnize :l"fe ,jnvr oial dil opincnc ,opira `zlzc meyn l"i ,`ed envr oial dxe`klc ,l"vf ihle'f a"xbd dywzpe ,zelage zelfbl ,zexbd zrya micr eidy s`c ,mzdinz lr denzl yi meyn ,c"a ipta `le ,envr oial epia xiibzpk df n"n ,c"a zeidl mixyk mdy oeik ,micr zxeza my eedc liwye jix`d f"axbde .k"r ,c"aa xiibzpk df ixd migiken ,`iady y"`xd 'qez ixac zehyte ,dfa ixhe ,c"a i"r `wec e`le zecr zxeza zexbl zekiiy yiy 'qez ixac mby wiqn did f"acxd ixac d`ex did eli`e dpwa dler lkd miyxtn yia 'qezd 'iz mbe y"`xd ,mdipta xiibzdle miyp` 'b onfl lekiy ,cg` ,zexbl opira `zlzc `ed y"`xd zpeeky ,dligzkl m`y rnyn la` ,ibq `l n"n mipy el didiy t"r`e .zecrl epeekzpy s` zexb xity ied `zlz el did
ixac zehytn y"`xd 'qez xy`k mbc gken zecrl epeekzp iaiyg xity 'b eedc lk c"a zdinz dwlzqpe ihle'f a"xbd a"xbd zdinz lr ihle'f mdixac ixacn dfl di`x y"`xde 'qezd `"r f"n zenaia

wgvi zgpna mixyin aaecae mbc x`ean ayen did `lya yegl yi c"a zexbl

j` mdipta dlahy zexne` miypy dgtya epecpa okle i`c rnyne ,y"r ,dzexbl yyg `l ,c"a ipta `l `ly s` `ilrn zexb `iedc `hiyt ,mixab 'b ipta ded iq) e"g wgvi zgpn z"eya r"re ,c"a zeidl epeekzp s`c rnync ,(h"p 'iq) mixyin aaec z"eyae (a"kw ixace ,y"r zexbl yegl yi ,c"a ayen did `lyk

'` wxta lirl i"yxtn izgked xnii in ziibeql ipd dil iwwcfnc zlawc zlz zeevnd zrcede mdye md cg xiibzdl oevxd zedn `le zeevnd

ocd '` wxta lirl oiire .dfl `zriiq eed f"acxd xe`aa izkx`d my ,xeibd zakrn m` zeevnd zlawa ,zlz ipd dil ewwcfnc xnii in ly ef dibeql i"yxt ezrcl zeevnd zrcede zeevnd zlawc eixacn izgkede oevxd mvr `id ezrcl zeevnd zlawye ,md cg .a"yr ,zeevnd zedn `wec e`le xiibzdl


mixac mpi` alay mixac oipra

el xn` `le li`ed n"n ,my 'nba y"nk xg`l dpzepe miaygzn oi`e dpzn l"ed ,dpznd zpizp zrya melk .o"xd k"ke ,ezaygna
zeigcl di`x y"ntr el` oicn ield n"xbd ung zxikn mcew ixkpl gqtd

oeeiky minrt dnk x`azd df qxhpewa dpd drcedd z` `ln dta envr lr xbd lawny oi`y xn`p m` s` ,zeevn zvwn lr edericedy ,mixac mpi`e alay mixack l"ed ,miiwl ezpeeka mewna s` zakrn zeevn zlawy xn`p m` mb jkle xazqn epi`y xac] zexb myl dline dliah dzidy dline dliahc `icdl eazk mipexg` daxde ,llk e`hazdy yie ,zeevn zlawl zaygp zexb myl .zexb myl dliahn dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi`y oxd` dhn gxt z"ey oiire ,(a"v 'iq) g"p`xdn oiir 'iq) c"ei dnly zcng z"eye (`"p 'iq `"g) a"g ytp zaiyn z"eya upiv l"`xdne ,('l-h"k (a"i 'iq) xpfet n"xdnl xi`n zia z"eye ,('p 'iq) `"i zeaezkle a"r g"n zenail eiyecga q"zgdle .[`"r `l `kdc ,df cbpk eprhy mipexg`dn yi mpn` mc` lk alae ealay mixac ied `l` ,alay mixac ied .(cere g"k 'iq mdxa` xac oiir) mixac eedc gikedy dnn ,dl dpin`e ,dnc` ikp` ok `l mle` 'x oe`bd xrepn dxeza epzinr o"ici ,zexexa zei`xa ,('a-'` 'iq) "dhinyd xac" extqa l"vf ield dyn mipeekzn mixkend oi`y mlerd lkl xkipy s` ,xknac did `le ,oicke zck oipw dyrpe li`ed ,llk xeknl e` mixkendn oipwd zrya yxetn zrc ielb mey epl oi` k"` ,miyery oipwa mivtg mpi`y dpewdn ixdy ,mixkip md elit` ,mdizeaygna aygzdl z` xzeqd dyrn miyer md ,d`yxdd lr mznizga ,mzeaygn cbp xwir dnizgd dyrne ,mdizeaygn .mixac mpi` alay mixac l"iwc (`"r h"r zeaezk) zgxan xhy oicn gken oke dkf ,dxenb dpzn oinlr zpzn ozepd ea azk m`y mc` oi`y `pcne`a miaygzn oi`e ,miqkpa lawnd oeeikc ,melk envrl xi`yn epi`e xg`l eiqkp lk ozep xzeq `ed dxenb dpzn oinlr zpzn el azky dnay ,eiyrna `l` ezaygna miaygzn oi` ,ixnbl ezaygn ,oexeg zia zpzn iab (`"r g"n) mixcpa gken oke ,melk el xn` `l ,exiagl dcerqd ozpy drya m`y ick `id ozepd zpeek lky mlerd lkl gkeny t"r` epa i`eyp zcerqa gxeh mc` oi` `dc ,eia` lk`iy

sirq g"nz 'iq g"e` r"eya wqty dnn gken oke rbi `ly rceie exikny iebl ungd xeknl xzeny ,'b epxifgie gqtd xg`l cr el edxnyi `l` llk evnga ala oiekzn epi` iebdy opiyiig `lc gkene ,y"r el xeqi` meyn `l` el exkn `ly rceiy t"r` ,mly oeeikny ,`nrh epiide .el epxifgi gqtd xg`e ung aygzdl epl oi` ,oicke zck oipw dyr dzry ezrc dlib `ly lk dyry oipwl zxzeqd ezaygna z"eya k"ke ,zepwl oiekzn epi`y oipw zrya yexta dxez xney epi`y icedil d"de ,(i"y 'iq) c"ei q"zg m` ,bedpk axd zervn`a iebl evng xkeny ,zeevne ezxikn ,gqtd ini lk ung eze`a ynzyn epi`y reci oi`y t"r` ,dlik`a xzen gqtd xg`l evnge ,dliren `ly ick mly ala xknc xnel `pcne` eiabl epl n"n .`xeqi` dil riny `l `dc d`xi la lr xearl gk dtiny da aezky axl d`yxd i"r mzge li`ed aygzdl epl oi` ,dxenb dxikn evng xeknl axd daygndc ,zn`a xeknl oiekzn epi`y eizeaygna ,da oiaygzn oi`e ,eznizga dyery dyrnl zxzeq .a"yr ,c"kr mzqa eilr lawn df xby oeik ,ocic oecpl dpine ,xiibzdl epevxy migikend miyrn dyere ,xiibzdl `le ,mzqa zeevnd zrced eilr lawn oke ,lahe lny oi` ,ezlawe eiyrn xzeqd xac mey cnrn eze`a xn` `peeb i`dka alay mixacy ,eailay dna aygzdl epl .mda aygzdl oi`e mixac mpi` mya zexwdle zeidl dvexy oeik o`ky cgeinae miaeigd lk envr lr lawn dfay oiany i`ce ,icedi ixd ,mdilr xearl oiekzn m` elit`e ,jkn miraepd df oi`e ,zevnd lr xaery icedi lkk xearl oiekzn zeidl ifkxnd epevxy oeik ,aeiga qpkdl ezpeek xzeq dxez xney epi`y icedia xnel yi a"eike .icedi da yiy zepg el yie ,gqta ung lke` elit`e zeevne y"n caly ,axd zervn`a iebl evng xkne ,ung oekzn epi` elit`e lg xkndy l"vf l"nxbd mya lirl mixac if`c ,ezaygnl mixzeq eiyrny oeik eaila

xn`p m` mb zeevn zlawy law m` ,zakrn dta zeevnd oi` m` s` ,`ln ied ,miiwl eala alay mixack mixac mpi`e

mipexg` daxd dliny eazk myl dliahe jl oi` zexb zeevn zlaw efn dlecb

oi`c eazky yi mixack aygp df `l` ,alay ealay mixack mc` lk alae mixac eedc

y"nn dfl diigc extqa iel n"xbd 'iq dhinyd xac xkn oicn a-`

n"xbd ixacn yi l"pd ield eppecpl mb cenll zeevn zlawa xba

o`k oky lk myy dvexy didi l`xyi eilr `xwp

dfl ztqep diigc n"xbd y"ntr xhy oicn ield zgxan

cenll yi mby eixacn epi`y icedi dxez xney xkny zeevne `ed ixd evng mly ala xken xeknl lkeiy ick micedil z`f gqtd xg`

dfl ztqep diigc n"xbd y"ntr zpzn oicn ield oexeg zia


,zexbd dxnbp dta elaiwy oeik n"ne ,mnir did dkin .c"kr
mb x`an a"eik bevxd d"`ixbd l"vf

-
oiekzn df icedi i`cey ,da cer ,mixac mpi` alay ung xeknl gqtd xg`l lkeiy ick ,xeknl mly ala eala mb k"`e ,zeevne dxez ixney micedil mb df ,df xb s`e ,eiyrn zxzeq ezaygn oi`e xeknl ayeg ,eilr didi icedi myye icedi zexwidl dvexy oeik miraepd miaeigd lkl qpkdl mly ala oiekzn i`ce lawl `ed oken ,okn xg`l mdilr xeari m`e ,jkn azky enke ,jkn miraepd miny icia miyperd eilr aiyde z"eya l"vf mdixc odkd dyn 'x `ax'b c"a`x dneca jix`de .mixexa mixacde ,(`"p 'iq) (odkd) dyn 'iq) zekxa q"nr ield xnyn xtqa zepekp zexaqa .(g"n ,`yxe c"a` `pdk c"yxbd zaeyzn `vei oke recik xizdy ,zepebrd ia` dpeknd ,milyexia k"g`e ,ozepibr ilakn dcnydd zepgn zelevp miyp ze`n 'x oe`bdl daeyza azky ,recik d`xedd ilecbn dide axd ly extqa dqtcpe dpien l`rxfi xi`n mdxa` miieba `ed my oecpde ,(h"n 'iq c"ei) mdxa` orie l"pd onfa zeicedie micedi mr zeyi` iig eigy mipnxb zeiebe axgn micedi mze` ly mzlvdl mytp exqne d`eyd ly mdixac itl ynn ytp gewt dfa dide ,ryxd oxiibl zenler miyirxn milevip mze`e ,milevipd `pdk c"yxbd jk lr azke .mzlvd lr dcez zxkdk enixri m` mlawl epvl`i gxkdd n"n" :l"fe l"vf ,xwirde ,zeevn ler zn`a mdilr milawny epilr .l"kr ,"aeyg c"a ipta dxyk dewna dliahd ,dnxrd efy mipian ep`y t"r`y gken eixacne zecdid z` mzlawy oeik ,mlawl epvl`i gxkdd n"n `zpae`a qpkidl epl oi`e ,dlawd illk lk itl ziyrp `ed xwirde ,mixac mpi`e alay mixac iedc ,`ailc .aeyg c"a ipta dyriz dliahdy 'iq) c"ei odk zrc extqa l"vf wew d"i`xbd k"ke oi`y xnel yi ,ie`xk dlawd dzidy onf lky ,(b"pw elit`e ,llk mixac mpi`y ,alay mixac mr oiipr epl ,eita xy`n zxg` eaala didy epl cibie edil` `eai jlnl dpyn axd zrcke ,alay mixac mr wqr epl oi` "mdita edeztie" aizk `xw epizea`a mbe ,milwy 'da lqte ,f"rl dpet mail didy miyxcna exn`e ,'ebe
d"i`xbd k"ky zrcke l"vf wew jlnl dpynd ixac xe`a l"pd c"yxbd ixacn mb `pdk c"yxbd m`y `vei eplr mixrn xcq lk dyere ezkldk zexbd xb ied xnel yi xba mb dvexy oeiky mya zexwdl `ed oken ,l`xyi qipkdl mly ala lkl envr miaeigd jkn miraepd

c"ei miazke miwqta bevxd d"`ixbd azk a"eike md mixb mlek c"nc `nrhc ,('a ze` h"v 'iq c jxk) ,mixac mpi` alay mixacc meyn (a"r c"k) zenaia xn`ie edil` `eai elit` ,zecdi myl elahe elny oeike lr mze` oiteke md mixb k"b minyl epeek `ly .c"kr ,zeevnd

ixaca x`ean ok fp`vn x"enc`d bxeapfielw ixac z"eya aivi

axd ,bxeapfielw fp`vn x"enc`d azk dfa `veik 'iq) aivi ixac z"eya ,mhyxald dcedi l`izewi epi` enr la ealy dne ,`ilz dta ,dlaw" :(g"qw ,dta ezlaw gkn ied xenb xbe ,exeaicl xzeq yxcnd dfa ayeine ,epew oial epia wx dpi` daygnde zrc aepbl eywa ipiq xd lr micner l`xyi eidyk ixdc my wgvi ziaa dnzy ,mdita edeztie 'eke oeilr dzid `l mzdc xity iz` c"itle ?ala dlaw ied `l ixwny `zriiq yi yxcndn `axc`e ,mcia dxiard dyrnd oi`c `kid dta `ilz dlawy ,b"dka zexb .c"kr ,"dlaw zrya xzeq

mb x`ean ok `"xbd ixaca `"hily xbplx` mdxa` zkxaa

mdxa` zkxa extqa `"hily xbplx` `"xbd k"ke ,d`xp f"tle :l"fe ('d ze` b"n 'nr `"r `"i) zeaezkl oexqg df oi` ,zeevnd lk rci `le xiibzdl `ay lkc ztki` `l aey ,xiibzdl epevxy lkc ,zexbd zlawa ,zeevnd lk mircei mpi` ixde ,eaila aygy dn ol iziid `l ,jd izrci eli` xnel lkeiy epivn `le oi`c ,mixac mpi`e alay mixac did df lkc ,lawn `linn zexbd laiwy oeik `l` ,zeevnd lawiy jxev `ed zexbl ezrcc llbay wxe ,zeevnd llka ied lawl dvx `ly xnel ipdn `le ,zeevn yiy dxkdd .c"kr ,ef devn

mb ccvn ok l"vf o'dti `"xbd

zenai `"ahixdl eixe`iaa o'dti `"xbd cciv oke oeynye dnly zeyp iab m"anxd zrca ,(a"r c"k sc) lr oteq gikede oceq dlbpy t"r`c ,a"eqi`n b"ita eedc meyn ,zexb ieed z`f lka ,f"r ecarc ozligz `xity `"xbd k"ke ,y"r ,mixac mpi`e alay mixac ,(b"k ze` 'e 'iq) mixeriy mdxa` zgpn extqa l"vf .l"nk`e ,mipexg` cer k"ke

, , , , , ' , " " ', ", , " .


)(b"pw 'iq c"ei odk zrc extqa l"vf wew d"i`xbd

" " ", , , " .


)('a ze` h"v 'iq c jxk c"ei miazke miwqta l"vf bevxd d"`ixbd

" , . ... , . ' , ? " , ", ".


)(g"qw 'iq aivi ixac z"eya l"vf mhyxald l`izewi dcedi 'x bxeapfielw fp`vn x"enc`d

, , , , , .
)dxez lew zaiyi iy`xn `"hily xbplx` `"xbd ('d ze` b"n 'nr `"r `"i zeaezkl mdxa` zkxa extqa

" ", , .
)(a"r c"k sc zenai `"ahixl eixe`iaa oexag zaiyic n"x l"vf o'dti `"xbd

xb ied dta zeevnd lawe zexb myl lahe lny lke ,`pcne` ipiiprl zexba qpkdl oi`y
wew d"i`xbd mb ok ezrc

ipy izi`x zn`ae ,ekenqiy dn lr mdl oi` xiibznd z"eya wew d"i`xbd mby cg` oepbqa mi`apzn mi`iap dta dlawd dzidy onf lkc azk (b"pw 'iq) odk zrc mpi`y alay mixac mr oipr epl oi`y l"i ,ie`xk didy epl cibie edil` `eai m` elit`e ,llk mixac mixac mr llk wqr epl oi` ,eita xy`n zxg` eaala lnyk skz ,xbl dil opiwfgn mzqac `hiyte ,alay mixacl mi`xg` epgp` oi`e ,eita zeevnd lawe lahe ,'ebe "mdita edeztie" aizk `xw epizea`a mbe ,alay did dkin lqte f"rl dpet mal didy miyxcna exn`e ,a"yr ,zexbd dxnbp dta elawy oeeik n"ne ,mnir

dfk zrc ocne`a llk oipr epl oi`c k"b oiap dfne zeevndn miiwl oiekzn m` xiibzdl `ad zrca xg` e` zlawa mbet df oi`c ,xearl ezrcay 'it`e wlg wx dn zeevnd lawny `ln dta xne`yky mb dn zevnd ixaca il oe` iz`vne ,oiekn dn ezrca qpkil epl mixyi mihtyn z"eya ebecxa l`tx iax j`lnd oe`bd oxn y"nn wiicl azky ,`zyde d"c (`"iw 'iq) `"g rcep 'it`e 'eke xiibzpy xb (a"iq g"qx 'iq c"ei) llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn `ed xac liayay ,dpine ,l"f axd wiice ,oiyeciw eiyecwy ,'eke miebd s` ixd ,zecrl xyk cg` cr iptae eipta eycw m` ,oixiibzn eay dyrn dyry oeik ,exeql oiicr ealy ,dyrnl dtxvn d"awd oi` drx daygn ik ,xyked azk a"eike] .y"r c"kr ,mixac mpi` alay mixace ,('d zxaeg 'a jxk f"h dpy) sq`nda hpa i"xbd lka aiige ,xenb l`xyi aygiy dliahe dlind ipdnc ,f"r ceariy xxazi m` oia ,oiyecw eiyecwe zeevnd ,xexiadn llk n"tp `lc ,xxal jixv `l `linne zpeeka zrc ocne` ipiipr lkc `linne .[a"yr

oipr epl oi`y zrc ocne`a zexba

mihtynd k"ky mixyi

x"enc`d zrc ok xnh`qn

mya k"ky x"eye .lirl epazky mixacd od ode oexd` 'xl q"yd zeilbxn xtqa xnh`qn x"enc`d `ly :l"fe (55 'nr) zeaezk zenai q"nr aelxt oixfeg maexy t"r`e ,maal ixzqn lr yeygl epieehvp m` k"tr` ,l"f m"anxd y"nk xac liaya oixiibzne xyt`y t"r`e ,cin eze` oiln ,zeevnd eilr laiw `l ,miny myl xiibzn oi`e zizin` mzlaw oi`y .l"kr ,dkk lr yeygl epieehvp

xiibzdl mipiipernl mikxvpd micenld okeze zeki`


`ed oke ,mikxe oevx ixaca `l` mc`d z` oikyen ixde ,"dad` zezeara k"g`e mkyn` mc` ilaga xne` ,cnlie rciy rbxay iptn `id oikix`n oi`y daiqd caek lk rciy rbxay iptn e` ,ecxehl mexbl lelr df ,efn dxizi ile` e` ,eil`n yexti ,zeevne dxez meiw ,xeibd zryae dligzkln icn xzei rci m`y iptn ezrca didi `l `ny ik ,xeibd z` rixn dfy xyt` df ixd ,envr lr lawn epi`e rceiyke ,miiwle lawl lk jezn okle ,llk rcei epi`y inn xzei rexb
ciakdl oi`y zexba

eze` miptn ,xiibzdl xb `eaay ,bedp meik dpd mipy dnk minrtle ax onf eze` micnlne xeib otle`l ,xiibzdl e`eaay cr ,mdizeklde zeevn b"ixze zecdi ohan icedin xzei zeevnd ihxt z` `ed rceiy minrt .dcilne miaxd micenild oiipr lk izrc

oipra meid bdepd zlawa micenld zexbl xb

zeiprle

izrc zeiprl `ed ,xeibl micnrend z` micnlny c"it) azky m"anxd eze` ik ,r"ve lecb dl`y oniqa xeqi`e myd cegi zevna enr oikix`ny (a"d a"eqi`n zelw zeevna oikix`n oi`y (my) azk df znerl ,f"r azky dn llkae df llka zay lelig elit`e ,zexenge mexbi `ny ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr oiaxn oi`" k"g` oi` dligzay ,drx jxcl daeh jxcn ezehdle ecxhl

micenildy mi`al miaxd ,xiibzdl mixzein miiziirae

oeyld df lr dxeie ,jix`dl `ly sicr ,elld zeyygd devn iiedy ik ,"cin oilawn" minrt dnk 'nba exn`y llka il`e ,ciakdle jix`dl `la xnelk ,opidyn `l .8 oicifn `le oibbey zpigaa jli`e dzrn eidiy sicr

8. . ' " " , , ", , , , , , , . , , .

, ... " , " , , , . " ' , ... " , , ".

" ' , " , " " , , " " , , , " ", , . .


)(`n oniq `nw dxecdn xbi` `aiwr iax z"ey

" ' : ' ) " " (, , " ) " " ( " ' , " " , , . " .

xeib jxevl micnlnd lr `"wrx oe`bd zdinz


`"yxdnk `le ,"xiibzdl cner"y t"r`e ,xiibzpy k"`c zeywdl oi`c azky (`"r `"l sc) zaya wxta opixn` `d ,xiibzpy mcew dxez ecnl j`id `eilr oikix`n oi`y mrhd xiaqdl cer xyt `"g `"wrx oe`bd ixac t"r ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e )iptl cenll gp oal xeq` i`cec xaeqy ,(`"n 'iq
`"wrx ixaca cnll xeq`y zexbl cnrenl dxez


mb zenewnd lkae ,ax onf yiy df fx el dlib ine cinz el oiricenyk mbe zi`x dn eze` oil`eyyk devn iiedyc 'nbd mrhke "cin" eze` oilawn ,hiwp dfa xac` cere ,ecxehl mexbi `nye ,opidyn `l ze` f"i 'iq) c"ei a"g `"iai z"eya cer d`xe ,onwl iptl iebd micnln ji` ayiil ji` dfa wgcpy ('d .zexb

-
,dzin aiig dxez cneld miakek caerc zezin 'c ,dxez cenll ixy ,xiibzdl `ay oeeik `kdc l"ic lld iptl `a opixn`cnc ,azke my ltlte ,y"r lr `iyw `teb `id n"n ,dixiib cinc rnyn dixiib miny myl didi eteqay epegha lr jnq i`n` lld xxazie enr cnliy xg` cr exiibl oiznd `l i`n` ,mcewn ecnll xeq`c i`ce `l` ,miny myl ezpeekc cnll xzen m`d epzg zl`yl dlrd xac seqe calne !xizdl egka oi`y ?dxez xeibl cnrend mexbi `ny (` y"nk siqedl yi cer ,l"pd zeaiqd iwecwce dxezd zeevnn daxd rciyk (a .ecxehl oi` m`y dnevr zeixg` eilr legz dzrn ,mixteq oilawn oi` cg` xaca elit` llka ieed `ny lawn .cifn ipt lr bbey didiy sicre ,eze` ('c 'iq) b"g c"ei dyn zexb` z"eya y"ne `ad ieb cnll xizde zekix`a `"wrxbd ixac zegcl `ay in cnll jixvdl `l` cer `le ,xiibzdl zeevnd zrced oicn my dl wiice ,xiibzdl dpey`xd zeevnd zrced hxtae ,'nba zyxetny lk icicl ,a"yr ,dliahd dyrn mcew ax onf `idy ,mixazqnd `"wrxbd ixac zegcl il dey epi` df
ixac mixazqny xzei `"wrx zexb`d ixacn eilr wlgy dyn

'nbd oeyln r"eyde m"anxd miricen ehwpy `le eze` rnyn ,micnln ecnll xeq`c zexbd mcew

oerny axd iqib xtqd jxer wiicy dn itl mb ialya r"yde m"anxd 'nbdn lirl dxrda odk ,melk mcew cnliy jxev oi`e ,cnl `lc gken ,zexbd ,cnliy liaya epi` ,zeevnd el miriceny dn mbe dyrna lldc `dke ,zexbd xg` zeyrl el yi dfc enr cnl k"g` wxe cin exiiby (`"r `"l) zayc mpi` zexenge zelw zeevnd zrced zxhne ,c"ba` ,`a `ed dnl rciy ,drced xcba `l` ,cenl xcba ly ef diyew iptny okzie ,yexti yextl dvxi m`y `le eze` oiricen oeyl wx 'nba xkfp ,l"pd `"wrx gp oae ,cnll xeq` zn`a ik ,eze` micnln oeyl 'dn i"t m"anxa x`eank ,dzin aiig dxez cnly .'h 'ld mikln

wcv xbn ditivd dn


dxez cnly ieb ik ,xiibzpy iptl dxez ecnll xeq`y enk dheytd dxaqd okle ,dfa epkx`de ,dzin aiig
lk z` ericep m` lelr zeevnd ea xefgl `ed ezaygnn xiibzdl daehd

,`id wcv xbdn ditivdy dgked yi llkae oi` ik ,h`l h`l miiwle cenll ligzi zexbd ixg`y cenlzdn dheytd dklddy xg`n ,zxg` dxixa zvwn eze` oiricene" ,cin eze` oilawny miwqetdne miiwi ji` ,zvwn wx el oiricen m`e ,"zeevnd on xiibzpy xb dkldl l"iwc xb iably heyt `l` ,lkd xeibd ixg` ciny xyt` i`y i`cea f` ,clepy ohwk z` xzeq df oi`e ,dxezd zeevn lka citwie miiwi lawn `ed ef dlaway ,zeevnd zvwn zrced zlaw inkg edecnliy dn lk z` miiwl illk ote`a envr lr `xaqd i`ceae ,zeevn zvwn edericed dnbecke l`xyi okzie miiwi `l zeevn daxd ,oey`xd alyay zpzep enk epic didie ,dnecke zay ilelig ly zexiar s` h`l h`l miiwl oicnely ,epipnfa daeyzd ilra lk xak ixd ,cere z`f ,xyt` i`yn xyt` mipc oi`e ,daeyza xbi` `aiwr iax oe`bd ixac z` lirl ep`ad

zeevn b"ixz lk el ricep m`y cere ,izazky mda xefgl mdl mexbl ep` milelr ,mdihxte y"na m"anxd zpeek efe ,xiibzdl daehd mzaygnn zpeek efe ,ocxehl mexbi `ly mdilr oiaxn oi`y el xi`dle eaxwl yiy (`"d c"t) oiyecw inlyexid

xbdn mitvn oi` lk z` miiwiy xg` zeevnd oi` ixdy zexbd eze` oiricen zvwn `l` zeevn

zayein dfa zgpnd zdinz xfril` yhwpenn

zgpn z"eya azky dn lk ,dfd ceqid itle .mipt dyri ji` ltlte (b"q 'iq) yhwpenn x"enc`dl xfrl` cin y"w zexwl jixve ezexb ixg` l`xyi didiyk c"rl .miccv dnk ccve eletlta jix`de ,rcei epi`e epi`y i`d ik lke ,izazky enk mixen mixacd hyt dilr `inx `lc `zlne ,dixht `pngx qep` ,rcei mr dipexha `a d"awd oi`e ,dizrc` e`l yipi`c epic zxg` ,miiwle cenll lczyiy calae ,eizeixa .xnenk mpicy mze`k `edy x`ean ixd

meiw i` oi` xzeq zeevnd z` ezlawl zeevnd

`"wrxbd zrcl ecnll xeqi` lg mcew dxez oi` okl ,zexbd lk ericedl `l` zeevnd mzvwn

:mekiq

zvwn zrcedl zqgiizn `id cinz `l` envr ipta cnrn dpi` zeevnd zlaw .lawl eilr dze`e ,diptl ziyrpd zeevn `id ,ediinrce 'qezd zrcl zakrny zeevn zlaw miwqet daxd zrcl .dxf dcearn dyixte 'da dpen`d `idy mixne` yie .zecdi myl dliahd lr ik ,zeevn zlaw ila dlg `l zexbdy dyext oi` zakrny zeevn zlaw `id dpeekd `l` ,'qezd zrcl s` dlg zexbd ,zexb myl dliahe dlin ici .ycgn dkxerl yi dzyrp `l m`y dpeekd oi` ,dlg `l zexbd zeevn zlaw `lay 'qezdc `ail` yxtp m` mb `id dpeekd `l` ,mniiwl zeaiigzd e` zexbd xg` lreta zeevnd meiwl .`l eze zeevnd zvwn zrced zlawl `l` ,yexita dta zeevnd zvwn zrced z` xbd lawiy jixv oi` oicd xwirn .xeibd jildn yexti `le ,wezyiy dna ic mpi`y t"r` dligzkl mixacn mpi`e mirney mpi`y zyxge yxg xiibl ozip mivtgy mifnexe zeevnd on md mirceiy lk dta zeevnd lawl mileki mil`xyi 'b ipta elahe elne zeevnd on mericed `l m` mb caricae .mlawl .mzexb dqtz zexb myl mixyk ibqe ,zeevn zlawe zrced jixv oi` zeevnd on rcei xbd m` l"yxdn zrcl .jxevd zrya dkldl df lr jenql yie ,cala dliahe dlina lke ,mixiibnd oevxa `le cala xiibznd oevxa dielz xiibzdl dhlgdd .xeibd akrl mixiibnl oi` ,oick xeibd jildz rvazny zelw zeevn zvwn mze` miricen ,dyi`a dliahd mcewe yi`a dlind mcew f"ra dxitke ecegie 'da dpen`d zeevna wxe ,mda mikix`n oi`e zexenge mikix`n m` daxc`e ,jxev oi` jkn xzei ,jix`dl yi dpnn zewgxzde .wfp mxbidl lelr xvwl exn`y mixaca zeevn zvwn zrced jild lr aey mixfeg mina mcera dliahd zrya .mzlawe ,zeevne dxez meiwa h` h` wfgzi ,xeibd jild xg`ly ,`id xbdn diitivd mze` z` miiwie ,zcd ixwira oin`iy `l` xeibd xg` epnn mitvn oi`e .zeevnd xzia wfgzie cinzie ,edericedy zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn

.`

.a

.b

.c

.d

.e

.f

.g

.h

.i

.`i

, , , , , , " " ' ", .


)(a"lw 'iq xecd x`t z"ey ,m"anxd

) ( , , " , , , " , , , , " , " " , , , " ", , ", , " , " ) '(, , " ", " " , , , .
)('i 'nr xac xewg qxhpewa bxeapfielw c"a` l"vf xrpf`lb l`eny dyn 'x xic`d oe`bd

oi`eyip myl zexb

`ean
, , , ) " "( , , .

, , " ' )" "( " , " " , ". , , , , , ", " , " , , , " " . , , , , : ' " )' " '(, ' " " ) " ' '(, " ", " " ) ' ' "(, ' " " ' " )' ' "(, ' " " )" ' "(, " " " )" ' '( . , " . , " ,

, " " )' "( " " ". , , ", ". , , , , . " " " , " " , , , , . " . , " " " ', , " ' ", . " , , . , , , , " , " , , : , , ' " )' '(, . , " " )' "( " " )' "(, " " )' '(.


,exiibzpe diebd lre dgtyd lr orhpd oic xba zeevn zlawe ,oi`eyip myl zxiibznde
dywne ,dingp 'xk dkld oi`e ,mixb mlek xne`d dkld oi` m` xnelk ,inp dligzkl ikd i` 'nbd myl mixiibzny t"r` mixb mleke dingp 'xk zvxzne ,dligzkl qepki `l i`n` ok m` ,dxhn ,'eke iq` ax xn`ck ,miizty zefl meyn ,'nbd jnn xqd" aizkc meyn oizipznc `nrh :i"yxte ez`c dilr ,"jnn `ay wgxd eilr mizty zefle frldy dt xnel zeywr e`eai ,dp`yi m`y epiidc .k"r ,`nw `lwl iwefg`l e`ivedy di`xde ,zn` `ed `l` ,`nlra frl epi` ,dzeiba zepf ly xyw did `l m`y ,seqal d`ypy icke ,d`yepl eiykr dxikd cvik ,mcewn mdipia xqd" meyn d`yepl `ly eilr exfb ,frld lhal dfe ,"jnn wgxd mizty zefle dt zeywr jnn `ly ,frl meyn dp`yi `l" dpyna i"yxty dn yxty dn mb dfe ."oey`xd lewd did zn` exn`i s` dxe`kle ."`nw `lw iwefg`l ez`c" 'nba dxiibzp ji` n"n ,"mixb mlek" oicd caricac `ayky ,zexba `ed oicc i`ce `l` .zeyi` myl xn` m` ,'eke zi`x dn el oixne`e xiibzdl iebd ila ,cin eze` oilawn ,'eke i`ck ipi`e ip` rcei dkld `wiqti`c ,zeyi` myl `a `edy jkl xyw xg` xac lk e` zeyi` myl elit`e ,mixb mlek .xb ied

dgtyd lr orhpd ,(`"r c"k sc) zenaia opz ixd ,dxiibzpe miakek zcaerd lr e` ,dxxgzype i"yxte ,ecin oi`iven oi` qpk m`e ,qepki `l df ,frl ixac eilr miprehy xnelk ,ceyg ,orhpd did zn` exn`i `ly ,frl meyn ,dp`yi `l ,`ied `din zxeib `d ,'nbae .oey`xd lewd cg`e dyi` meyl xiibzpy yi` cg` ,idpinxe xiibzpy yi` oke ,yi` meyl dxiibzpy dy` mpi` ,dnly icar meyl mikln ogley meyl wgvi x"` xnzi` `d ,'eke dingp 'x ixac ,mixb ixack dkld ,axc dinyn `zxn xa l`eny xa ,inp dligzkl ikd i` .md mixb mlek xne`d zeywr jnn xqd" ,iq` ax xn`c iq` axc meyn ."dt dze`c dpyndn rnyn ik ,dibeqd rnyn ,dligzkl dp`yi `ly

oicd xewn

xe`iae
`ed

oicdy ,dnecke yi` meyl dxiibzpy dilr orhpy x`eank oeylke ,`id daeh zexb ,dnvr dzexby dpyndn dzgcp `l ef dgpde ,"`ied `din zxeib `d" 'nbd `l` zecdi myl dxiibzp `ly b"r`e" ,uexza dywn f"re ,i"yx oeylk "df dp`yiy liaya mixbd mze` lk dingp iaxl ixdc ,'eke idpinxe `ly xg`n ,mixb mpi` ,zxg` dxhn mdl dziidy ixack dkldc ,'nbd zvxzne .zecdi myl exiibzp

t"r oicd xe`ia i"yx

akrn m` xba zeevn zlawl n"wtpe zeyi` myl zexb


elaiwe exiibzpc oeik ,`kd la` ,`ed opaxk oizipzn mizty zefle xn`c iq` axc meyn ,'eke mdilr lk exn`iy mizty zefl meyn ,'it ikd `kde ,'eke ,dze` qpek zepf myle ,ef dxiibzp zepf myl mlerd dppx meync ,`ivei `l qpk m` ,`da elit` edine `id zxzene ied `din zxeibc oeik ,opiwtn `l ef .c"kr ,el
`"ahixd zrcl yiy `kid 'it` zexbdy yegl oi`eyip myl wx dxenb zexb `ied

zxeib `d" ,'nba wiicc `d lr yxit `"ahixd m` epl xxazp `ly b"r`e :l"fe ,"`ied `din `le dxiibzpe ipzwcn `dc ,ozagn `ly dxiibzp xzl`l dxiibzp elit` rnyn ,dxiibzp k"g`e ipzw jk mylc `zi` m`c oeike ,yegl xacl milbxy rnync qepki `l ipzw ikid ,zxeib `ied `l epi` qpk m` ipzw ikid cere ,miqpek mixg`c zeib ly dwfga dcinrdl epl did i`ce `d ,`iven `d lre .mly ala dxiibzpy epl xxaziy cr ,'it ,mixb mlek xne`d ixack dkld mzd ipync mzqe ,dingp iax lr ibilt opaxc ol ixinb `xnbc

`"ahixd oeyl `ibeqd xe`iaa

yxity ,`ied `din zxeib 'nbd ziiyewn dpde 'nbd zpwqnl cnlp ,yegl xacl milbxc `"ahixd `kid s` ,mixb mlek dkldc dingp 'xk dkld oi`c

m` ik dzid `l zexbd lkc xacl milbx `ki`c `ly irci `nlr ilekc `kid elit`e ,oi`eyip myl ,opiwtn `l ,cala oi`eyip myl `l` dxiibzp zxeibc `icdl `"ahixd y"nk ,`id dxenb zxeibe akrn epi` miny myl `ly xeibe ,`ied `din didyk dxiibzp ji` k"l`c ,dligzkl s` zexbd ,1 oi`eyip zxhnl m` ik dpi` zexbd lky xexa zi`yxe zeheicd 'b i"r dnvr dxiiby xnel jixve wqerd milelqn 'b i"r wxta 'a lirl yiy epgkedy ,m"anxdn lkl enke .ok zeyrl zxcbda dxeva ,zexbd dxingn

`ied zeevnd meiwa dpeeke oevx dl oi`y xiibzdl .zxeib


mdilr elawy xwir z` eyexit .zexbd

d`a `ibeqd ly dxwir lky ,wcwcl yi cere ,`iven oi` carica la` dligzkl qepki `ly oecl i"r dzecdi dxxazp m` ielzc oecl 'nbd dqpkp `le myl dzid zexbd lky oeik ,`l e` zeevnd dniiwy oi` zn`ac d`xpe ,miny myl `le cala oi`eyip dlawy lkc ,zexbd xwir oiprl cixene dlrn df ,dniiw `l elit` zxeib `ied carica ,zexbd dilr ,mdilr elaiwe exiibzpy oeikc `"ahixd azky enke 'it ,mdilr elawy dn epiid zexbd xwirc epiidc f"n) zenaia i"yx y"nk ,xiibzdl mdilr elaw

zexbd dzyrpy ,wcv ixb .` zexbl miinihibl epiidc ,diwecwc myl ezxhny e`vne xbd xg` ewcay mignen z` el ex`iae ,xiibzdln e`ipdl eqipe ,miny ,xiibzdl ezrca cnre ,zeevnd meiwa yiy iyewd zcd ixwire zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn edericede mzq xb .a .zexb myl 'b ipta lahe lne ,mlawe lr ecitwd `ly zeheicd 'b i"r ezexb dzyrpy `le ,zeevnd edericed `ly oebk ,xeibd ikild lk mb ,mdipta lahe lne ezexb zaiql eixg` ewca epi`e wcv xb `xwp epi`c `l` ,xenb xb ied df ed`xpe ezwcv xxazzy cr mixeqi`d lr on`p .zeevna wcwcn yxtl azky dnnc ,cer wiicl yi dxe`kle xxaziy cr zeib zwfga dcinrdl yi dingp 'xlc `id dleki efd dwfgde ,miny myl zxiibzny ok enk ,xbd i"r cizra zeevnd meiw i"r xxazzy oi`y gxken ,dfl oiyyeg oi`c opaxl `ibeqd zpwqnl zniiwn dpi` m` 'it`e ,llk df xexal oipr epl d`ay drya mixryn ep`y e` ,zxeib `ied zeevn
zexb ieedy ila mb dxenb miiwl zpeekzny oi`e zeevnd xac xxal jixv df

dlawd i"yxly xiibzdl epiid

zlawnyky l"x ,y"r xiibzdl dilr dlaw (a"r zernynd lk mr xiibzdle dicedi zeidl dilr 'it` zexba oecl xzei oipr epl oi` ,xeiba dkexkd zeyi` myl `ed dzexb lky epl xexay mewna

mzexby el` lk zeyi` myl `ly i`cel aexw meiwa ecitwi .zeevnd

myl mzexby dl` lk ixde ,miny myl dpi`e cala jke ,zeevnd meiwa ecitwi `ly i`cel aexw ,zeyi` a"eqi` 'lda m"anxd ixac mb zehyta miyxtzn `ly xbe ,exeql xfgy xbe ,dnly zeyp oiprl b"it xfgy xba m"anxd my y"ne .a"yr eixg` ewca d`xzy cr eze` oiwgxn oi`e oiaxwn oi`y exeql myl dzid ezexb lk `xwirny s`c l"x ,ezixg` cnlie zeevnd h` h` miiwiy df jezn n"n ,xac day xe`ndc ,zeevnd meiw i"r zecdil jyni ,dxez oi` okle ,wcv xb ied xity f`e ,ahenl exifgi dzid zexbd lky xxaziy ,jtida okzie ,oiwgxn ,xnen l`xyik dil opipiic f`e ,miny myl `ly xfgy xb iab f"ida m"anxd oeyln gkeny enke .epeyla wece ,oeynye dnly zeype exeql

m"anxd oeyln xfgy xb iab iedc gken exeql ielze ,xenb xb xg` eiyrna `xwi m` zexbd icedi e` wcv xb xnen

`icdl zyxtna mbc ,uxt epaxe m"xdn zetqez zrc miizty zefl dilr yiy wx ,zxeib `ied ,zeyi` myl zxiibzny
dyxit elit` rnyn ,mixb mlek dkldc xne` oeike ,mixb eed ipelt myl zxiibzn ip` `icda .l"kr ,xizdl epl did inp dligzkl ,`ed jky (my) uxt epaxe m"xdn zetqez oeyl

dfe

`ly `nlya zxn` i` 'it ,dligzkl ikd i` d"c dz`y dzr la` ,'eke mixb mlekc dkld dzid

'qez oeyl epiaxe m"xdn dibeqa uxt

.1. , " .


elit`e qepki `l i`n` ,ok m` mdl dywe ,dligzkl ,mizty zefl meyn dfa yiy oivxzne ,dligzkl zetqezd z` xikfdy in `hdix metl izi`x `le . `ibeqd lk xity iz` mdixac itle ,elld
2

-
zxne`y elit` ,elld 'qezdlc ,mevr yecig dfe zpn lr m` ik ef zexba dzpeek oi`y `ln dta zefl eilr yiy wx ,zxeib died ,icedil `ypdl s` dze` oilawny eixac zehyte .miizty

eid mzrcl dze` milawn s` dligzkl zyxtny myl zxiibzny `lel ,zeyi` zefl dilr didiy miizty

zey` myl dzid zexbdy exn`iy epiid 'nbay miizty zefl yygc o"a`xd zrc
`ed dly oiiprdy mipian epgp` ixd k"` zeyi` myl zexba okle ,zeevnd meiwa `le oi`eypa ,miizty zefl didi ik ,oilawn oi` dligzkl oi`eyip t"r`e ,cala oi`eyip myl wx dzid `l zexbd lky exiibzdy mze` elit`e ,mixb mlek l"iw dkldly zeevnd zlawa oexqg did m` elit`e oi`eyip myl n"n ,zeevnd xenyl oiekzn epi` xiibzndy xnelk oick `ly dppxl oiyyeg n"nc `l` ,xb ied carica oeik mixb opi`c `ed oicdc xnel mireh miyp`n y"nn izcnl df z`e ,zeevnd xenyl epeekzd `ly ze`) zncewd dxrdd zligza envra o'dti `"xbd (c"lw `zli`y seq) dl`y wnrdd ixac xe`iaa ('f dxxgzyp e` dxiibzpy cyg yi :l"fe azky ediilr elaiw `l dnde ,dp`yiy ick ezelczyda n"n ,lawl v"` m` elit`e ,'eke zn`a zicedi zc ,llk zicedi zc xenyl dzrca oi`y dceyg ixd wnrd c"kr ,dxxgzype dxiibzp oi`eyip liaya wxe zixkpa oiac ,ezpeekc ,my o'dti axd xiaqde ,dl`y `lc zefl `l` ,zexbd seba yyg oi` dgtya oiae dyi` lr zefl yic lke ,zicedi zc xenyl dlaw .c"kr ,r"ve qepki `l ,zicedi zc xenyz `ly zrcd ,oi`eyip myl zxiibzny iny o`kn mi`ex ixd zxne`y s`e ,miiwle xenyl zpeekzn `ly dhep ik ,llk dpyn df oi` dkldl n"ne ,zlawny dita zefl dze` meyn okle ,xexa dfe mixb eed el`k mb 'it`e ,dligzkl xeibl oze` oilawn oi` mb miizty zefl ied ik ,qepki `ly dil opixn` dxiibzp dziid zexbdy jk lr mbe ,zexbd lr mb miizty .w"ece ,cala oi`eyip myl :l"fe (d"l 'iq) zenai zkqna o"a`xd azk lr e` ,dxxgzype ,zepf frla dgtyd lr orhpd ,dze` qipki `l df ixd ,dxiibzpe ,orhp zixkpd oi` ,qpk m`e ,zn` edyere frld z` wfgny iptn ,opiwtn `l i`d ik frl meync ,dze` oi`iven ,zxeib ied ,yi` myl `xiibinc b"r`c ,dpwqne zeywr jnn xqd meyn ,oze` oilawn oi` dligzkle oilawn oi` x"ze ,jnn wgxd mizty zefle ,dt inia mixb elaw `l ea `veik ,giynd zenil mixb ,mixb eed ,ixiibzn m` edine ,dnly iniae cec .l"kr .mixb eede exiibzp ikcxn inia `dc ,mizty zefl meyn `nrh epiidc ,eixacn x`eane ,irvn` m` ik dzid `l dnvr zexbdy exn`iy dpeekd m` n"ne ,zexbd lr mzk iede ,onfd lk x`yi dfe ewca `l oic ziady e` ,oic zia ici lr `ly dxiibzp `ied ,dp`yiy liaya df didy rcep elit`e ,dixg` .zxeib `"ahixdl zexrda o'dti `"xbdl izi`x mpn` rnync o"a`xd oeyl lr dnzy ,(661 dxrd) zenai zeyi` myl zexb oilawn oi`c mrhd xwirc epeyln q"ya `de ,mizty zefl meyn dteb `id ,dligzkl mrh `ed mizty zeflc x`ean mipey`x x`yae oiprl mrh df oi` la` ,dligzkl dze` oiqpek oi`c .r"ve ,dligzkl oze` oilawn oi`c envr zexb zeflc yxtn `edy o"a`xd oeyln x`ean n"n .zeyi` myl dzidy zexbd lr epiid ,miizty li`edc ,o"a`xd ixac aeyia xnel
ixacn x`eand o"a`xd `"xbd zdinz o"a`xd lr o'dti eixacn `veid o"a`xd oeyl `ibeqd xe`iaa

xyt`e

meyn zxiibznyke ,zexba zeevn zlaw opirae

ixac aeyi o"a`xd

', , , . , .

.2


mb x`ean ok epax yexita l`ppg

zenai `"ayxd 'iga azky izi`x dfa `veike efy exn`i `ly ,miizty zefl meyn :l"fe (:c"k) `l` qpk `l dfe ,zepf myl `l` dxiibzp `l didz dze` qepkiy i"ry epiidc .y"r ,zepf myl `l` dzid `l `ny ,zexbd lr mb dletk dppx `ly giken ,dze` qpky dn mbe ,oi`eyip myl ,dilr orhp `edy diebd z` miiwl wx oiekzp .miizty zefl meyn wx `ed dfa xeqi`d lk n"ne c"k) zenai mipe`bd xve`l migtqpa iz`vn oke
x`ean a"eik `"ayxd ixacn

'it ,'eke orhpd azky ,l`ppg epax yexita (a"r ikd i` ,'eke el `ypdl dxiibzpe ,dzeiba dilr `a qepki ,el die`x zxeib `idy oeik ,dligzkl 'it` liaya mixne` edi `ly ,'eke iq` axc meyn ,'eke ,l`ppg epax yexitl ok m`e ,l"kr ,ef dxiibzp df miizty zefl meyne ,el `ypidl dxiibzpy ixiin la` ,dligzkl qepki `l okl ,z`f exn`i `ly epgp`y t"r` ,oi`eyp myl zexba wetwt lk oi` .zeevnd meiwa izin` oiipr dl oi`y oixryn

mixacd ipy meyn `id miizty zefldc ixi`nd zrc zepf myl qpky exn`iy .a zepf meyn `l` dxiibzp `ly exn`iy .`
eixac xe`ia

'a mizty zefld llka llk ixi`ndy

ixd

(a"r

c"k

sc)

zenaia

ixi`ndl

iz`vne

ezepf zngn `l` dxiibzp `ly exn`iy (` :mipipr `l` qpk `ly exn`i dqpekl `aiyk (a .df ly recie zxiibzndy `vei ,didi `ly ji` .zepf meyn dzexb `ied ,oi`eyp myl m` ik dpi` dzexb zaiqy .zexb
ixac xe`ia itl l"pd o"a`xd ixi`nd ixac l"pd

mixacdy t"r`e ,ied `din zxeibc `nl` ,azky lky ,da elrde ,dxiibzp zepf cvny migiken `a `edy daiqd mixikn ep`e xiibzdl `ad mda `veikae el` lka ,'eke oebk dilr xiibzdl mey `la mixiibzn ok m` `l` mze` milawn oi` mixb ,exiibzpe encwy lk mewn lkne ,daiq .c"kr ,md mixenb oi` dligzkly exn`y el`ac ezrcy epl ixd mixb md exiibzpe encwy lk ,oze` oilawn lr `ly exiibzpy epiid exiibzpe encwe ,mixenb daiqd lr exwg `l oic ziay e` ,oic zia zrc .lirlcke exiibzpy lk la` ,my ixi`nd azk

ixi`nd oeyl `ibeqa

siqedl `l` oiekzp `l ,lirlc o"a`xd mby okzie `l` ,zepf meyn qpky exn`iy wx dpi` miizty zeflc ezepf meyn `l` dxiibzp `l xiibzdl mby exn`iy ixac k"` xity ez`e ,zexbd lr mzkk aygpe ,df ly .o"a`xd

ezrc xe`a

eazk mipexg`d bdpnd hyty myl mixb lawl zeyi` zrcly d`xp dl` mipexg` mze` milawn ocne` oi`yk mb eniiwiy zrc xg` zeevnd zexbd

mixb lawl bdpnd hyt dzr ik eazk mipexg`de riai z"ey oiir ,oi`eyip myl mxeib zxhn lky dl`k yi` sq`y dn ('e ze` 'b 'iq r"d` 'a wlg) xne` `id dxhnd lkyke .ef dhiya iniiwc zercd xedh zepk dnk xryl hlgda yi ,cala oi`eyip myl wx eazky mipexg`de ,zeevnd meiwa dzpeeka yi zrc ocne`a oecl eqpkp `l hrnk ,mze` milawny zrya zeevnd zlaw opirac idpe ,zeevnd meiw oiprl aiigznde dicedi zeidl dilr zlawny epiidc zexb oia i`pze qgi oi` la` ,zeevnd meiw `edy jkn meiwa zrc cne`e dxryd e` meiwd oial dlawd .zeevnd

cere

m`e ,md mixenb mixb ,exiibzp daqly t"r` ,ixnbl `l k"tr`e ,`id dxenb zxeib ,epzpynay ef ok ilecb eyxite ,mizty zefl meyn ,`ed qepki qpk m` mewn lkne ,`lwl iwefg`l iz`c ,mipaxd oend l"x ,dppxac meyn ,md mb eyxite ,`ivei `l yexitd oi`e ,opiwtn `l ,zecr `la mr zace xir `l ,dnr dpify micra xxazp m` s` ixdy ,xeegn `l` ,dxezd on dil `xiq` `l `din `zydc ,`ivei `l exn`i `ly ,mizty zefl meyn ,eyexit jk qpk `l `ed s`e ,df ly ezepf zngn `l` dxiibzp ,`ivei `l ,qpk m` ,mewn lkne ,zepf myl `l` .c"kr

ixi`nd oeyl `ibeqd jynda

mb dfn cenll yi myl `ly zexba oi`y zeyi` ocne` jixv miiwl zrc zeevnd

,jytp dnn ,zeyi` myl `ly mixba dpine ,akrn zeevn miiwl zexb zrya zrc ocne` m` ,dfl opiyiig `l oi`eyp myl zexba dnl k"`


oi` carice ,yi` myl dxiibzp `nyc ,`id zxeib ef mb ,dxenb zxeib `id m` la` ,'eke `ivedl welig yi i`n` k"` ,zexb myl `ly zxiibzny mdixacn mbc ixd ,'eke caricl dligzkl oia s` ,miny myl `ly dxiibzdy ef mbc ,dler .dxenb zxeib dligzkl `id
daiq el yiy xby xiibzdl `ed dligzkl oilawn `lc

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,oi`eyip myl mixiibzny el`a akrn epi` m`e zlaw jixvc b"r` xb mzqa inp oicd `ed oia wlgl mewn oi` ,`aekrl ied i`e ,zeevnd .mipecpd meiwa dielz dlawd oi` r"eklc `ed oekpd la` exeql xfgy xba dkldd zehytke ,meiw i`a e` ote`ae ,m"anxd y"nke ,dxf dcear car 'it`e iz`ady (f"n 'iq b"g) u"ayxd zaeyza xzei ipeviw xfgc b"r`c ,xeibd zxiwr oiprl onwl `ia`e lirl dil opiayg xnen l`xyike xb ied ,xzl`l cin .w"ece ,y"r ik ,`ibeqd zehytn dxe`kl wiicl yiy dne mey oi`e ,xb ied `idy dxhn lkl xiibznd lk zxeib ,'nbd ziiyewn rnyncke ,ezexba wetwt ,ef dgpd 'nbd zlawn uexiza mbe ,`ied `din mlek xne`d ixack dkld ,'eke dlr xnzi`c d`iane .mixb zxeib d"ca zetqezd ixacn mb `vei
`ibeqd zehytn `wlqa oia oiae oizrc` x`ean dpwqna myl xiibzndc xb ied xac zlaw oi`y dielz zeevnd k"g` mneiwa llk

,`id o`k cr `ibeqd zehytn xexial dcewpde ,miny myl ezpeek oi`y in mby xg`n ik idpe ,xb ied xiibzdl `ae ,oiekn zxg` dxhnle ji` dl`yd zl`yp la` ,dyrnd cvn xb iedc `ly xn`p m`e ,`xwirn xiibzdl eze` eplaiw epxwg `l i`n` ,`id dn ezpeek dligzn eprci 'nbdc dyw cere ,xiibzdl epevxl daiq yi m` ,giynd zenil mixb oilawn oi` ,x"z ,iziin inia `le cec inia `l mixb elaiw `l ea `veik gken 'ipznn `de ,dfa 'nbd zpeek dn ,dnly edfy ,miny ,yxtl myl jixv `le k"`e zxg` ,`ied dxhn `din el zxeibc epl d`xpy zxeibe xb lk mzqa p"dde ,cala dligzkl yiy c"al rbepy dna xacp onwle ,elawl oi` dligzkl .zeheicd ly

jke

la` ,`ed qepki `l rnync ,eazky ,`ied `din t"r` l"xc .c"kr ,dligzkl qepkl ixy xg` myl dzid `l efd zexbd lky mircei ep`y oic yi orhpl ixdy ,daeh zexb `id ,miny mb xzen xg`l la` ,dz`yl `ly dligzkl i` d"ca cer miyxtn md jke ,dz`yl dligzkl zxeib dpi`c `nlya zxn` i` ,dligzkl ikd wtqc meyn ,qepki `l dligzklc `gip ,dxenb

mb `vei jky zetqezd ixacn

un`zna dligzkl oilawn myl oiekzna mb xac

oigecy dn epiid ,`kdc dligzkly mbc `veie ,xiibzdl `eal daiq el yiy itl dligzn xbd z` dna epl ztk` `l ,xiibzdl k"k un`zn m` la` ,xb iede oixiibn zeevnd lawn m` ,daiq el yiy r"ve ,exiibe exar m` `weec o`k caric yexit oi`e .cer

eilr zeywdl yiy dne zeyi` myl zexba mgexi epax ixac
`ay lky ,zexbd oiprl xyw el oi`e ,orhpl `picc `xwirn ,lawne eze` oiricene xiibzdl myl xeibdy mircei epgp`y 'it`e dil opixiibn meyn dp`yi `ly oic yi orhpl qgia la` ,oi`eyp y"nke daiq meyl `a m` miwceay dne ,zefl mb minrtle ewcai `l m`y meyn epiid ,m"anxd lr mikneq epgp` oi` ,daiql xiibzdl `ay dcei ,mizty zefl dze` meyn dp`yi `ly orhp eze` `ay in okl ,dfl yegi `ly gipdl yi xzeie epgipp `l zexbd xg`ly ick eze` oiwcea xiibzdl .w'ece dp`yil l"iw ixdy ,dl zgkyn ikid a"v dxe`kle jixve .dligzkl dp`yi `l dgtyd lr orhpdc myl zexbdy c"an xizqde mixrdy ixiinc xnel y"nke eixg` ewca `le xiibzpy e` ,oi`eyp xyt` e` .xb ied carica zeheicd 'bac m"anxd jiiyd oic edf ,'eke dp`yi `ly orhpd oicy ,cer
df lr mivexz eixac lr diyew

,azky (c"g b"k aizp) mgexi epaxa

oiir

liaya dy` e` ,dy` wyg liaya xiibzpy xbc zenaia heyt ,mixb el` ixd ,xg` xac mey .y"r

mgexi epax ixac myl zexba zeyi`

dgtyd lr orhpdc jda gny xe` lra wqpieecn odkd dgny xi`n 'x oe`bd xe`a
la` ,zixkp dxiibzpa wx dilr `ac micr `kilc ,zeyi` xear xiibzpc exn`i `l ,iebdn zprhpa exya jezgiy giky `lc `zlne ,lendl jixv `dc
`ztqezdn lr `ac x`ean `l l`xyi za dligzkl `yi

,(a"l 'iq) eizeaeyza gny xe` lra oe`bde dxyr wxt oiyecw inlyexid ixac `iady xg` md mixb a"eike zeyi` myl exiibzpac `"d oiqgei aexw mikixve mze` milawn la` ,mze` oigec oi`e lawl lwdl epnn cnle ,minyl exiib `ny mipt xby mi`ex ep`y lk zeyi` myl xiibzpa dligzkl lawne ,eixed ziae eizea` zyexin envr riwtn df hxtae ,miny icil `eal eteqy ,cenll envr lr md zrky cled lye dcic `yyg `ki`c dxwna ernhi mdia` z` lawp `l m`e ,mixenb mil`xyi epipyy dnn dywdy `l` ,miiebd oial dpae zad `l dxiibzpe zixkpd lr orhpd ,(my zenai) dpyna lr `ad ieb ,(d"d c"t zenai) `ztqezae ,qepki `l qpk m`e ,qepki `l xiibzpy t"r` l`xyi za oiyexbn e"t) dkldl z`f `iad m"anxde ,`ivei zprhpd xkfp `l dpyna orhp iab dpde ,(c"id ,orhpc yygd yxit i"yx dpde ,xiibzpe ixkpn xyt` f"tle ,dilr `a xaky zn` lewdc xn`pc ielb iedc frll yiig zixkpd on orhpac ,wlgl lr l"iiwe ,ea oirbet mi`pw `iqdxtae li`ed zeixr on zprhpa la` ,frll eyyg ,xeari l`e bxdic df `l diept l`xyi za lr `ad iebc ,xiibzpe ixkpd y"nk bxdz l`e xearzc l"iiwe ,zeixr ielb ied yiig `l ,dxene xxeq oa wxt seq zenglna o"anx (` sirq) f"pw oniq c"eia `"nx wqt oke ,frll sirq) f"rw oniq r"d`a mpn` .oekp dfe ,o"anxdk qepki `l diepta s`c y"`xe zetqezd zrc `ian (d o"anx j` ,`"xbd ixe`iaae y"eri ,`lw inel`l `ay micra s` epizpync ,azk zenai iyeciga exn`i `ny `ed `lwe ,`ztqezn x`eanke dilr orhpa `pzc xnel epivn f"tle ,df myl dxiibzpy

b"erc b"l f"r zkqna exn` ik hxtae ,dy` zad`l `l edi` la` ,dixza` dkynin zil`xyi lr `ad didi ,y"eri b"er lr l`xyia enke jyninl ciar `ztqeza yxetn l`xyi za lr `aa ,didiy ji` .dligzkl `yi `lc

cnl gny xe`d xiibl inlyexidn ick zeyi` myl dyi`d livdl rnhdln clede miieba

yyg yiy o`k `id rnhzy ,miiebd oia dpae elit` `yi dligzkl

'c seqa xfril` iaxl zwpina ep`vn mpn` lenbze xarzz `ny yiigc (a"r c"l zenai) oig` b"r` ,uega dxefe mipta yc zeidl ixyc ,cled b"i dcp) cid lk wxt yix `aeh xingn `"xc oniq g"e`a oiierie ,clec `zpwzl yiig f"ka ,(`"r ze`qxt 'b uexl a`d lr devnc ,(ci sirq) e"y o`k oky lk ,`"bn oieri dxndn eza z` livdl ,dixza jynz `ny yygn dze` ep` oilivny l`xyic clec `zpwze ,f"r 'qna exn`c `iddke oixiznc i`ce ,dfa zeyyg dnk cere ,`ed xenb dligzkl yegp `le ,xiibziyk el qepkil dze` ep`

lr dywnc `l` `ztqezdn df

`l `ztqezd dxingd `l` dligzkl dilr `aa `kid `le dxwna cgi mixc mdy dxarzpy cr epnn

wx dxn` `l `ztqezc ,`xazqnc cere ,xeq`c zixkpd lr `ad l`xyi e` l`xyi za lr `ad cr enr dxcy ikid `l la` ,dxwna `ay o`ka xeni` ,dixza dwec` i`ce ,dclie dxarzpy `vz `ny `yyg `ki`c ,`yi `lc exingd `l qpkdl exizd ,dlic `zpwz meyne ,drx zeaxzl elk`iy ahene ,zexb myl elawle xiibziyk el oiyecw) z"ti iab exn`y enk 'eke zezenz xya `edd d"cq c"i zeaezk zetqez oierie ,(a"r k dilr `a zg` mrty epiid dilr `ac ,'ek qex` .'eke

xyt` i"yxl oia wlgl yiy zixkpd on orhp frll opiyiigc ielib iedc meyn oial zeixr ixkpd on zprhp ielb ied `lc zeixr

xyt` o"anxdl orhp oia wlgl zixkpd lr exn`iy dxiibzpy oial eliaya ixkpd lr zprhp exn`i `l i`cec exya jezgiy zad` myl lenie `l oke dyi` `xza jiynin

mikenq c"a epl oi`y dfd onfac dpyn cibnd zrc miny myl oiekzp `l elit` dligzkl milawn
ji`e ,mikln ogly meyn mixb lawl xq`y dna ,a"r zenaia `zi`ck dnlye cec inia mixb sl` p"w etqeezp .mze` elaw zeheicd c"ac m"anxd uxize ,(`"r h"r) oe`bdl xk`nheb `"x z"eya iz`vn ycg df d`xe ,cer ze`xl yie :eixac el`e (f"t oniq) 'uciixbn c"k zenaiay 'qezd ziyew uxzl `zi` m"anxdac
`"xbdl xk`nheb dn m"anxdl p"w etqeezpy inia mixb sl` ,dnlye cec c"ac meyn melaw zeheicd


lr wleg i"ad zrca d"d xaeqe ,m"anxd ixiin m"anxdc ynn zeheicda c"a `le zeheicd

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mbdy m"anxd zpeek ixd ,cibnd axd ixac itke ribdle l`xyi zlecb zngn wx ok eyry eprciy xq`py dn wx ,mze` lawl xzen ,mikln oglyl ,mikenq c"a dfl eidi `ly `ed mlawl 'nbc `picn xzen ,zeheicd c"a wx mikenq mpi`y c"a la` .mlawl xaqy xyt` ,eixacl `xaq azk `l n"dde `l daygna e`ay ori mze` zefal t"kr yiy ,zeheicd wx aeyg c"a mdl wwcfi `ly daeh `aln ehxgzie mal lr eniyi f"iry xyt`y epigc `ly aeh didie ,dfk oeifa jxca xiibl `zi`c oirk `ede .mnvrn eyxt wx micia mze` zeevn zvwn mze` miricene a"r f"n zenaia i`c ,`nrh i`n ,zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw ,xiibzi `ly yixt i`c i"yxte ,yextp yixt zra mi`ay mixkpa okl ,ol ztk` `le yextp myl `ly miyery aexw `zi`e l`xyi zlecb wqrzi opixn` wx ,micia mzegcl epl xeq` ,miny egcpy yeia mdl didi m`e ,zeheicd c"a mda `le eyxti ,df ici lr eyxtie mikenq c"an .ol ztk` eribie mal lr eneyi f"iry ,jtidl xyt` mbe e` ,mzpeek lkl xkip didiy cr epiznie ,zn` zwygl lka 'd l` axwl eppevx didi ji` didi exn`iy xzei .aal did ,m"anxda df yexit azky n"dd t"kr xb lk lawl mileki zeheicd c"ac `xaq efi` el eyexita i"ad azke ,miny myl `ly `ay s` lk lawl xzen dzr didi n"ddlc ,n"kdae xehdl wx opi` op`y (a"r g"t) oihiba `zi`c oeik ,xb wleg `ede .mikenq c"a epl oi`y oeik zeheicd c"a ixaca n"dd wcwcn did el` azke ,n"dd lr
d"d ixacn c"ac x`ean mileki zeheicd s` xb lk lawl myl `ly `ay i"ad k"ke miny ezrca sqep xe`ia axd zpeeka cibnd zxaq xe`ia dpyn cibnd

c"a ipta azk `le zeheicd ipta azky m"anxd mixiibn eid zeheicd c"ay azek did `l ,zeheicd azk ulegd 't eizedbda ikcxnd mby `iane .mze` liayay epl recie ,xiibzdl `ay inc" :epeyl dfe ,"xacl di`x `iade ,mlawl oi` ,miyer md xac .l"kr oi`y ikcxn zedbdn di`x jixvy epl x`ean

wx d"d zrcl mikenq c"a mlawl mixeq` ly c"a la` mixzen zeheicd mlawl

oi` r"eyd zrcl dfd onfa c"al mixb lawl myl `ly mi`ad miny

xy`e ,miny myl `ly mi`ay mixb dfd onfa lawl q"q r"ya ok wqt okle ,xzen df did n"dd zrcl .g"qx iipra ip`e ,azk dpyn sqka dibnd iptac llkn ,mdl miyyeg lecbd

sqka dibnd axd z` ayiin dpyn cibnd axd zrc ly c"ay oebk zeheicd leki dfd onfa dligzkl lawl myl `ly mixb miny

dpde
c"ad eide

epiax azkcnc ,cibnd axd wcwc dtiy ,xne` ,l"pk `ed zeheicd c"a ipta ,azky zeheicd ,ixnbl xzen didiy xacd xfg dibnd itl .l"kr miyyeg lecbd c"ad eide m"anxd miiqy dnc dn mdl mipin`n eid `ly ezpeek ,'eke mdl oebk on`p aeyg c"aa lawzpy xbe il`xyiy ,xzei k"g` eze` exikiy cr dpdke a"ey zeidl itle ,el yi xb oic lkc m"anxd azk la` c"a oi`y dzr milawn dpyn sqkd zedbde n"dd zlef e` dy` meyn dyery mb ,xb lk aeyg .dribp df

`"xbd zrcl yiyk xk`nheb xbd `a m` wtq yi miny myl elawl

d`xp m`y dlilg izrc didiy `l ,z`f izazk wx epl oi` .elawl lwdl miny myl `ly dyery mbe ,epax wqt lr welgl gk epl oi`e ,r"yd ixac j` .r"yd wqt cbp ddbdd lrad lr jenql `l ,df iptl izazky ixac jenzle jenql dfa izazk didiy jixve ,ezegcl epl xeq` wtqn t"krc l"kr ,epipirl df ici lr e`ay dne rpnzc dcaerd .xk`nheb `"xbd

un`zn zxcbd elit` dzid `l lld ly dyrna 'qezd itly


dinwl `iz`c (`"r c"n) zegpn zlkzdc `idd oke ,cinlz eze`l `yp`y zpn lr ipxiib ,`iig iaxc daiq el yie xiibzdl `ay in oicc `veie .c"kr wx `ed df oic ,eze` oilawn oi`c jkl ez`iand miny myl eteqy xiibnd geha m` okl ,dligzkl c"k) zenaia 'qezd ixac wner mb oiap dfae ,eazky dnly inia `le ,cec inia `l d"ca (a"r `z`c `edd (`"r `l sc) zayc c"tc `idde odk zeyrl zpn lr ipxiib xn`e lldc dinwl ,miny myl zeyrl eteqc lld did geha ,lecb
ixac xe`ia gehay 'qezd eteqy lld did .y"yl zeyrl


ezpeek xkipyky xyt` daehd .cin exiibl

cinlz eze`a dwygc zlkzdc jdk e` ,lldc jdk ,`cixb mixya zee`z e` eitei meyn df did `le jkle ,oeiqipa cnry ,zipgexd ezlrn meyn `l` ,miny myl dteqy i`ce ,efk zxeib ,ea dwyg mb edfe .wece ,`ed miny myl dzligz xakc d"ceza ,(a"r h"w) onwlc jdk ,mivn`zna mrhd ,miny myl `eal oteq ,oivn`znc oeeikc ,3 drx okl .wece oiy`iizn eid lwa ,ikd e`l i`c mey mdl yiy dl`k mixb oilawn oi` dligzkl e` xiibzdl dvr mze` oi`iyn oi`y epiidc ,daiq xkipya e` un`zna la` ,cin xeibl mze` oilawn epl yi ,miny myl `eal mteqy mdiyrn jezn dyrnn eywzp mzd 'qezd dpde .dligzkl mlawl lecb odk ipniyzy zpn lry eze`c eazke ,lldc eid `ly t"r` ,dlek dxezd lk ipcnlzye zeidl oteqy oda lld did rcei ,xiibzdl oivn`zn `et` `veie .y"r seqal dyry enk mixenb mixb

`l lld dyrnay ,jicia micg`l eidi mdixacy d`xpk edl rnyn oke] ,oivn`zn zxcbd elit` did cin rnyn !dixiib ,lld iptl `a 'nbd oeyln ji`e ,[jkl un`zn did `ly elit`e ,exiib `ayn xiibzna xkipyae ,mda did rcei evxz f"r ,law ,un`ziy jxev 'it` oi` ,dxedhd ezpeek y`xn oekp xzei e` ,rcei epi`yk la` ,cin oilawne elawi `l dligzkl if` ,dxhn `idy dfi` yiyk .un`zn k"``
eywd `l recn jdn 'qezd lldl xn`c ipi` t"rayez uexize ,jpin`n jk lr

ornlc dyrnn mdl dywedy ,wcwcl yi ab`e eqipkd `l i`n`e ,dxezd lk oke b"k ipyrzy ipi` t"ray dxez" xn`y eze`n mb diyewa mvrn ik ,dyw k"k `l dfnc l"ie ,"jpin`n ,azkay dxezd lk lawle cenll okeny xacd icin edl dyw `le ,un`zn llka `xwp edf .dipin

zexba i`pz dyeryk elit`e dligzkl ied "oilawn oi`" oicy


y"ny ,oiaz lawl `ad oeylne ,`aekrl yxtzi un`zna
b"alxd zepeyl dxezl eyexita miiwl xbd lry zeevnd lk

oze` oilawn oi`y oze` lkay `vei edf ,(`"r 'l) zexekac q"cn cg`

k"`e
wecwcn

la`

,dligzkl

epiid

,oilawn

oi`

ueg lawnd enk e` `kdc orhp enk xiibzdl ,oilawn dfa mb ,lawzdl un`zn m`e ,dligzkl oeyl `id ez`xedy oilawn oi` oeyl zehytk 'l) zexekaa l"ledc wiicl yi k"l`c ,dligzkl f`e ,dxez ixac lawy miakek caer oeyl (a"r dxez ixac lawy epiidc ,`aekrl ezernyn dziid ,oilawn oi` oeyl f`e ,cg` xac laiw `l la`

.oilawn [hn,ai] `a zyxta b"alxdl iz`vnc `xai` xbd xble gxf`l didi zg` dxez" weqtd lr ik ,mllka zeevnd oiprl l"x ,yxity ,"mkkeza ik ,zvw zlef zeevn zvw miiwl xbd xiibzi `l oi`e eilr siqedl oi` ,mly cg` qenip `id dxezd xacna xtql eyexita cer k"ke ,epnn rexbl

oilawn oi` oic dligzkl oivn`znae oilawn .dligzkl

3. " " " )' '( " ' , , , " , " " ", " , ' )" "( " ", , " , ] ) '( " , ', ', " "[ , , , , , , " ", ' " ", " ' ) " "( ' , , ", ' ) " "(. , , " ", " " ' " ', ", , . .


dxe`kl `veid b"alxd ixacn

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zg` dweg ldwd" weqtd lr ,gly zyxt [ci,eh] okzi `l xbdy dfn epcnl ,"xbd xble mkl "ie`x" la` ,dxezd zeevn zvw miiwl ick xiibziy

zexbd dqtz `l carica s`c rnyn dxe`kle .zeevndn wlg lawl `ly dpzna `le `ed oyxt b"alxdy jkn cal

ixac xe`ia b"alxd

mpn`

qenip `id dxezd ik dfe ,xiibziyk mlek mniiwiy ea xyt` i` ,zg` zilkzl oiekn ,mly cg` zvw laewiy okzi `l dfle ,oerxbd `le ztqezd .c"kr cal `edd qenipd

i`n` `l` yxtl oiekzp `lc l"ic ,da cer ,owqt `l caric lr la` ,eze` oilawn oi` dligzkl .xaic

?un`zn zxcbd idn


eilr oiaxn oi`e ,'eke oyper eze` oiriceny myke jixte ,cin eze` oiln ,law ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e mixne` ,xiibzdl `ay xb xn xn` (a"r f"n) 'nba zvwn eze` miricene ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x dn el yixt i`c h"n ,zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn el exn`yk dligzny xg`n 'nbd zpeeke ,yextp oilawn" i`ck ipi`e ip` rcei xn` 'eke zi`x dn ericedl jxev dn dl`yd zl`yp k"` ,"cin eze` aey oeyld edn oke ,zexenge zelw zeevn zvwn lawzp xak dxe`kl ixd "cin eze` oiln ,law" yixt i`c ,'nbd dper f"re ,df iptln zexbl t"r` ,lah `le ln `ly onf lk l"x ,yextp ixdy ,yextl oiicr leki ,elawl dhlgd dziidy `l oiicr ,dliahe dlin `edy zexbd dyrn xwir ,oypere zeevn zvwn edeprcedy xg`ne ,dyrp `le hxgzdl lekie ,epevx lr hxgzny xyt` un`zny iny epl ixd .(i"yx oeylk) ol ztki` lr xn`py el` llka epi`e ,elawl ie`x ,xiibzdl jildzd lk ixg`e .'eke "drx zgz drx" mlawnd oiaxn oi` ,'eke oxkye oyper zeevn edeprcedy ,dfd 'a z` xar xaky ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr rian eay oey`xd ybtnd ixg` epiidc ,mialyd ixg`e ,l`xyi mrl sxhvdle xiibzdl oevx xbd m` oypere zeevn zvwn mb rcei 'a ybtnay ,oilawne un`zn beqa `ed ,xiibzdl zevxl jiynn exn`y dnl mrhd dxiaqn zenaia my 'nbdy itke iax xn` ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr miaxn oi`y ik `xze" ('` zex) aizkc ,d`xw i`n xfrl` ,"dil` xacl lcgze ,dz` zkll `id zvn`zn .y"r eze` oilawn" un`znay epl x`azpy yiy in lk dligzkl ik epicia dlry xg`n i`pz aivny ine elawl ie`x oi` ezexbl daiq oic edf elawl ie`x oi` k"b ziwlg dlawl oeylk mlawl epl yi un`zna okle ,dligzkl yi ,"un`zn" zxcbd `idn oiadl jixv ,'qezd epz ,(`"r f"n sc) zenai `xnba dxcbd f"r dn el oixne` ,dfd onfa xiibzdl `ay xb ,opax onfa l`xyiy rcei dz` i` ,xiibzdl z`ay zi`x mi`a oixeqie oitxehne mitegq mitegc mieec dfd oilawn ,i`ck ipi`e ip` rcei xne` m` ,mdilr dkldl m"anxd wqt ef oeylke .k"r ,cin eze` .dlna dln (`"d c"it) d`ia ixeqi` zeklda h"w) zenaia 'qezd eazky dn okid dxe`kle oiricenyky xnel jixve .cin oilawn oi`y (a"r rcei xne` `ede 'eke zi`x dn el mixne`e el llkn oixiibnd dfa e`vi k"` ,i`ck ipi`e ip` ,un`zn `ed ixdy "drx xg` drx" y"n 'nbdy dn edfe ,cin mlawl epl yi un`znae dlbzny xg` xnelk ,"cin eze` oilawn" zxne` ,l`xyi mr - 'd zlgpl gtzqdl xexad oevxd .cin elawl eple ,xiibzdl ezxiykd efd daiqd ezaeyza hrpa l`wfgi 'x oe`bd azk a"eike ('e zxaeg 'a jxk) f"h dpy sq`nd zxaega micner m` n"n dligzn miebd z` oigecy t"r`y ,y"r ,mze` milawn ,xiibzdl mpevxy mzrca zxcbd `id xiibzdl mpevxe mzrc lr dcinrde .un`zn
daiq yiy in ine ezexbl i`pz aivny oi` ezexbl ,dligzkl elawl un`zn m` la` yi xiibzdl elawl

xg`

oiricen ,xiibznl xcqd z` 'nbd epl zyxtn ,"cin ,'eke zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwn eze`

`ay inl xcqd oicde ,xiibzdl un`zna


eze` oiricen ,xiibzdl un`zny edepi`xy ixg` zexeng zeevn zvwne zelw zeevn zvwne zcd ixwir

epivn `l eze` mixwegy meiw oiprl llk xg`l zeevnd zexbd

ezrc m` eixg` oiwgzne eze` oil`eyy ezernyn i`pz llka df oi`y itl ,mzvwn e` mlek miiwl ,eixg` oiwceae eze` oil`eyy dne ,xeibd i`pzn daiq efi` ornl xiibzdl `a m` xxal wx edf dpekpd devndy (c"id b"ita) lirl azky enke eixg` oiwcea ,xiibzdl zxeibd e` xbd `eaiyk ,dlir mdl `vnp `l m` ,'eke oenn llba `ny ,cala drced cinz yi ik epl ixd ,eze` oiricen oevxl daiq mdl yi m` ze`xl wx `id dwicade my) mpic m"anxd x`ia daiq myl e`ayke ,zexb .(f"id

eze` oiriceny azk (a"d c"ita) m"anxd dpde oikix`ne f"r xeqi`e myd cegii `edy zcd ixwir zvwne zelw zevn zvwn eze` oiricene ,dfd xaca oi`e ,'eke dfd xaca oikix`n oi`e zexeng zevn ecxehl mexbi `ny ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr oiaxn m"anxdy ixd ,k"r ,'eke daeh jxcn ezehdle ixwir epiidc ,ericedl oikixvy dnl ceqi raw jix`dl yie ,f"r xeqi`e myd cegii `edy zcd yie ,zexbd zeevn ceqie xwir edf ik ,dfa mdl 'nbd oeylk `edy m"anxd oeyll al miyl `diy oeyl azk `l mrt meyae "eze` oiricen"

xwira yiy dny df ericedl iceqie dpen`d zcd

minyl ezpeek xiibznd `ny g"ad epiax ixaca


ezrca zxg` e` efk `pcne`a oiipr lk epl oi`e] 'iq) xfrig`d c"r onwl izazky dn oiire ,ezpeekae .[(e"k
`"xbd mb k"k l"vf xk`nheb di`x dfl `iade oixcdpqn rpnzn inlyexidne oiyeciwa

azky g"qx oniqa g"ad oeyll al miyl ie`xe ezpeek `nyc ,devn xkye zelw oiricenc `de" :l"fe lr cenrl oicd zial daeg oi`y ,rnyn ,"minyl xyt` i` mb zn`d ornle ,zizin`d ezpeek zezin` lk `l` ,ezpeek zezin` zrcl ale zeilk oegal oilez oicd zia ,iccv xacl ezpeek oi`y epl xxazny jxevd llk xkfed `l m"anxa ok lre ,minyl ezpeeky lky ,mlek zrcl `et` `veie ,ezpeekn rpkzydl .minyl `id ocicl ezpeek ,xg` xacl oeekn epi`y

zpeeky oilezy minyl xiibznd epl oi`y lk jtida gipdl

,(e"t 'iq) c"ei xknheb edil` iax z"eya k"ke ezpeeky xexa oi`yk mb wtqn lawl yiy gikedl mdxa`y x`ean (a"r h"v) oixcdpqa dpdc ,minyl ,a"yr rpnz z` elaw `ly lr eyprp awrie wgvi (`"d c"t) oiyeciw inlyexid oeyln ok gikedl yie .y"r miny myl exiib `ny mipt aexiw oikixvc

miny myl xiib "`ny" yeygl yiy inlyexid ixac xe`ia


myl exiib `ny" oeyld ik ,mi`iltn inlyexid mipeekn md m` migeha eppi`y ezernyn ,"miny d`pd zaeh lkl e` dad` myl exiibzd ixdy ,y"yl ,mze` oigec oi` aey ,exiibzpy xg`n la` ,`idy iptd yxit okle ,mxiib ine el` exiibzp ji` dxe`kle ,xeibd ly dyrnd dyrp xaky l"xc ,carica dyn
oaxw ixiiyd itl l"y`xd oxne dicaer epax `"hily sqei inlyexid ixac xewn md l"pd m"anxd ixac a"eqi`n b"ita f"id

c"t) oiyecw inlyexid ixac oipiirl edpixdp`e oeyl lk hhv`e xk`nheb `"xbd `iady l"pd (`"d ,dyi` iptn yi` oke ,dad` myl xiibznd" :inlyexid oigec oi`e ,md mixb dkld ,mikln ogley ixb oke milawn la` ,dligz mixbd z` oigecy jxck mze` .miny myl exiib `ny ,mipt aexw mikixve ,mze` mlek k"tr` ,"od mixb dkld" :dyn ipt axd yxite z` oigecy jxck oze` oigec oi`e ,carica od mixb xiibzdl zi`x dn mdl mixne`y dligz mixbd oilawn ,exiibzpyn el` la` ,ulegd 'ta opixn`ck ixace .k"r ,y"yl xiib `ny ,mipt aexwa oze`

inlyexid oeyl c"t oiyeciwa `"d

dxez uaewa `"hily sqei dicaer epiax epfer oe`be ixacl xewn o`kny l"pc ,azk (b"i dpy) t"ray miiqe ,oaxw ixiy 'd dfa encw xak zn`ae ,m"anxd ick mipt aexw mdl oi`xne ,mze` oigec oi`y da .mzwcv xxazzy

dyn iptd xe`ia inlyexil

`veid inlyexidn


ieed ,k"tr` xne`e dvex `edyke ,ynn abyp xac elld mixacd lkke .cin oilawne ,"un`zn" xcba
mix`azn f"tly ixac mb ahid my inlyexid a"r a"n

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xn`nd oeyla wiicl `pin` ,`pitzqnc ilele ,dligzkl oeyl `edy xiibznd xn` dligzay ,dfd oilawn oi` ,'eke dad` myl xiibzdl `ad xnelk `edy ,md mixb xn` axe ,dligzkl `ed k"`e ,oze` ,ibilt i`nae ditiq diyix e`l k"`e ,caric oeyl oeylc `cg ,xazqn `l ,ibilt caric`c xn`z m`e ,dligzkl rnyn "oilawn oi`" oeyl oke ,"xiibznd" zeix` ixib cg` ocic `cenlza dkld `wqti`c ,cere epiide ,md mixb mlek xne`d ixack dkld 'eke epiidc ,ixiin dligzkly yxtl jixv k"`e ,caric ,l`xyi zaa eytp dwygy iptn xiibzdl `ay in qpkp xak l`xyi rxfa wacil `ay xacd mvrn jxev epl oi` aeye ,"miny myl oeekn `nya" m"anxd `xwy dnl liaei dfy ,dn iptn el`eyl oke ,mipt aexiw jixv cer `ed daxc` `l` ,ezegcl dligzkl ied k"`e ,oilawn dxhn myl `ay in lk dl` lk m` dl`yd lcbz dzrne ,dyn iptdk `le jixvy el` ivnz ikid k"` ,dligzkl oilawn ,ezaiq dreciy `la xiibzdl `ay ina l"ie ,ozegcl `nyc dyrnd df dyer dn iptn ,el`eyl jixv df ezpeeky zelzl jiiy `lc d`xp ,ezaiql cxp m` mze` mil`eyy mrhd xwiry xyt`e ,miny myl `edy "wcv xb" x`ez seqal eilr `diy ick `id
dnl sqep mrh mze` mil`eyy mpevx zaiql itl xiibzdl inlyexid inlyexid itl el`y l"v mze` mil`eyy `lya ixiin y`xn dreci mpevx zaiq xiibzdl

my `iady dn oiaz ,jcia elriyk mzehiyte miperabd dyrna ,jxe`a (a"r a"n sc) inlyexia mixb eidy t"r` ,mxeara l`xyi eyprpy ypere `ly el` m` dn ,exn` ,my da miiqne ,mixexb z` d"awd raz j`id e`x ,miny myl exiibzp ,dnke dnk zg` lr miny myl xiibznd ,opealr dfl dnecae .y"r ,dry dze`a exiibzp mixb daxd .dax xacnaa yxcnd ixac

itl xnel yi inlyexid meyn xiibzndc eytp dwygy df ,l`xyi zaa xxern envr ezpeekc wtq miny myl eze` oilawne dligzkl

ixac zeeydl yi ilaad lky inlyexidl zelzl yiy myl ezpeekc oilawn miny elit`e dligzkl xac myl xiibzn

ilaad ixacc ,oeird xg` d`xp efn dxizie inlyexia mby itl ,cg` dpwa miler inlyexide ,ilaaa ezrcke "mixb mlek" xn`c `ed `ed ax mpi` zeix` ixby dingp iax zrc ixg` ixdy l`eny xa wgvi x"` dlr xnzi` `d ,`zi` mixb epiid ,mixb mlek ,axc dinyn `zxn xa ,zeheicd ly c"a i"r dligzkl mze` mixiibny .dligzkl mixbd oigecy jxck oze` oigec oi`e `ay t"r` ,miny myl ezpeek `ny opiyiigc ef dpeek mr axrzpc xyt`c ,dyi` zad` myl daegd epilr zlhen dzr okle ,'dl dpeek mb .'dl maxwl

zeyi` myl xiibzn dligzkl lawl l"pd inlyexidn di`x `iad gny xe` lra oe`bd
cvn okl ,(a"r 'l zay) miny myl xiibzdl eteqy ikid dyi` myl xb lawl jk lk lecb yyg oi` df ,eixed ziae eizea` zyexin envr riwtny mi`ex ep`y ,miny icil `eal eteqy ,cenll envr lr lawne `ed zrky cled lye dcic `yyg `ki`c mewna hxtae df meyne ...clec `zpwzl yegl oikixve ,xenb l`xyi xb zeidl dfn `aiy eteqe elawl zehiyta xizdl yi .c"kr ,mipt aexw jixve ,miny myl dgny xi`n 'x exec zten mqxetnd oe`bdl x"eye ,(a"l 'iq) eizeaeyza gny xe` lra wqpieecn odkd lawl xizdl mdn wiice ,l"pd inlyexid ixac `iady ixac xewn `ed df inlyexiye ,zeyi` myl xiibznd dnlye cec iniay e"he c"id a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd zeheicd ipta oixiibzn eid n"ne ,mixb oilawn eid `l ,gny xe`d df lr miiqn okl ,mze` oigec eid `le lld dtev didy enk ,c"ad ipir zii`xa ielz lkdc
ze`xa ielz dfy c"ad ipir lra oe`bd ixac xizdl gny xe` zeyi` myl zexb `kid dligzkl yegl yic dyi`d zpwzl clede

l"vf 'uciixbn xk`nheb `"xbd ixacl `zriiq zexbl elawl yi ezpeeka wtzqdl yiy lky inlyexid ixacl ezrcn oeeiky
eycew ixacl izpeeiky iz`vne ,l"pd inlyexid ezaeyzn wlg wizr` eixac zeaiygle ,eixacn wlga l"vf xk`nheb `"xbd 'uciixbn oe`bdl iz`vne ixacl ezrcn oeeiky ,(f"t 'iq c"ei) eizeaeyza
l`ypy dl`yd 'uciixbn oe`bd

ax ,p"xdn axdl :l"fe ,izazky dnl zrbepd ,xiibl cg` `aa ezl`y xac lr .i"p yhixfrnc ,onidn yi`e 'd `xi exikn i"p z"krnc ,ecra azke `ed dpy dfnc ,miny myl dyery dfa yibxny ywiae ,dlitz xcqe mixwir b"id elv` cnel rny i"p z"krn j` ,ezldwa exiibl i"p z"krnn ,xiibl `a df meync yegl yie ,dnezi dxrp ade`y m` rci `le ,g"qx 'iq c"eia x`eand itk xeq`c itke ,xiibl ewyg zlgzd iptl dxrpl dad`d micwd srzqp f"g` `l` ,mcew xiibl ezlgzd did oaend ezrce zexaq dnk i"p z"krn azke ,dxrpd zad` el icrla dyrn zeyrl dvx `l wx ,xizdl dhep .iznkqd ip` mbe ,oicd cvn dfd xacl dripn oi`y rice` .exiibl mikqn ilync `xwd lr a"r h"w zenaia opiyxcc mbd `az drx xg` drxc ,"xf axr ik rexi rx" `"i lr jnq ulegd wxt zedbda ikcxnde ,mixb ilawnl `zi`c dn `ed mb `ian n"n ,df oipra xingdl df oze`l wx xn`p `lc ,drx d"c a"r h"w 'qeza la` ,cin oze` oilawny e` xiibzdl mixkp oi`iyny ep`vn ixdy ,mlawl epl yi ,xiibzdl oivn`zn md m` rpnzl elaw `ly lr awrie wgvi mdxa` eyprpy eazk ok ,h"v oixcdpqa `zi`ck xiibzdl z`ay .'qezd yiy `kid hetyl epl yi ,el` mixac xewna ,epiptly i`d oebk ,`l e` miny myl dyer m` wtq ,ewgcln elawl ccvl xzei d`xed lra lkl yiy aiegn miny myl dyer oi`y xexia oi`y cerae dlawa yiy dnn digca zeixg` xzei yic ,elawl epze` drhn m` ,op` ifgpc .oick `ly `ed m` eplaw f"re ,xwy `ede miny myl `edy xn`y c"k zenaia x`ean `d ,lecbd yrxd dn ,eze` myl `ly did i`ce m` mby g"qx q"q r"eyae xenb xb `ed ,elawe exare erci c"ad mbe ,miny eknqy zngn dfl `a c"ad m` y"kne ,eipic lkk `xwc dllw mb f` ,enr zn`y eayge exwy lr .mdl oi` l"pd
lra lkl yiy xeib oipra d`xed `ad lawl ccvl xiibzdl ezegcln ezaeyz zexewn ezaeyz sxez

mipin`n oi` m` ,cv jci`l dhtyp mpn`e el yie ,wcv xb `ed zn`ae ,eze` migece eze` zepale xenb xb zeidl zekf dfi`a dyecw dx`d cr ,rpnzc `caer enk ,l`xyia mipn`p miza zea`dc c"q ike ,ze`xl yi .ribn dfd leykn dnk `ld ,dtka qng `l lr rpnz egc miyecwd dze` dgci ike ,xiibl zelert dyr epia` mdxa` dfi` ze`ivn mdl didy i`ce `l` .dzywaa myl dpevx oi`y df gkn ehtyy ,da `zerix dfi` df zlef e` zea`d zlecb zad`l wx miny lldk zeyrl mdl dide ,dfa erh mpn`e .dribp b"dk didiy zpn lr xiibzny xn`y a"l zaya ,y"yl dyri seqaly df yi`n oiady ori ,elawe `hg ici lr zea`d eyprpe .seqa did ok xy`ke l`xyil dcxn lwn `edy wlnr dpnn clepy ,df
zeixg`d ytp ziigca dpkq xzei ,aeh epi`y in lawln ie`x

xzei ,aeh ytp lhaiy zeixg`d k"` .uwd zr cr yi i`ce okl ,ie`x epi` lawl ef dpkqn dpkq lr lehia dfa oi` ,dxrp ade` xy`e .lwdl ,ecia dfe df `nlc ,miny myl dyery dxin`d dfi` lgxl ad`y epia` awria did dlilg ike yiy ,zil`xyi dnezi `yil oiekn `nlce ,dler eipira daiagd dnezi cin `yiy ewyge ezaygna azkn itke .l`xyia dlecb deevn cin el didie el oi` k"` ,lecb xiyr ixkp oa `ed i"p z"krn k"r ,l`xyia dqpxt dfi` xeara dyery `ean

rpnzc `caery cbpl zeidl jixv epipir

`caerd didiy jixve ,ezegcl oi` wtq zngn .epipirl df ici lr e`ay dne rpnzc c"ei j"ya `aede i"ad y"na wifgdl c"a lkl yie ji` ,(a"r c"k) zenaia eywd 'qezdc ,(g"qx q"q) ,lecb odk edyriy zpn lr exiibl xn`y xb lld laiw evxize ,mikln ogley meyn xiibznd lawl xeq` `de i"ad azk f"re ,miny myl dyri seqay hty lldy wqtd `ed dfe ,c"ad ipir ze`xa ielzy dyixcde .oekpd xeq`y dn xac xne` iziid `pitzqnc ilele ,miizin` minkg iptl wx ,ux`d mr ipta zelbl h"w zenaia `zi`c dn yxit m"anxdy ,xen`l yi ilawn lr `a "drx xg` drx"c ilync `xwd lr miebl oi`iyny my 'qezd eazky itke ,mixb

zeidl jixv i"ad y"n epipirl 'iqa j"yde ielz lkdy g"qx ipir ze`xa c"ad

mipey`x zexeca lawl yyg did ecnli `ny mixb l`xyi mdiyrnn eli`e ,mirxd yeygl yi meid `ny jtdl mixbd ecnli ly mdiyrnn mivixtd iy`xa micnerd oi` okle .l`xyi mlawl yyg


ea yiy ixkp lk ezaygny wtq elawl yi ,daehl exiible ecnll

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mixb miyw ealg 'x xn`c meyn ,`ede ,exiibziy ixeqi`n b"i 't seq m"anxd yxite ,zgtqk l`xyil mixb mdl miyw minkg exn` dn iptne :l"fe d`ia xac liaya oixfeg oaexy ,zrxv rbpk l`xyil xg` mdn yextl xacd dywe ,l`xyi z` oirhne lbrd dyrna xacna rxi`y dn cnle `v ,exiibzpy oda eid seqtq`d zepeiqpd aex oke ,de`zd zexawae :l"fe xeviwa dfa azk my i"yxe ,l"kr ,dligz ,mdiyrnn l`xyi oicnle ,zeevna oi`iwa oi`c mlek eidy mipey`xd zexeca did df dpde .l"kr d"era dzre ,mixb zaexrzn `xil yie ,cng mxk ,l`xyi itl` iy`xn mdy y`xa mivxet mivixtdy `ly i`eld ,mixbdn l`xyi ecnliy cgtl yi dn `a dvilnd jiiy f"r ,mdn miaxn mixbd ecnli cgtl dzr oi`y wx ,df izazk ,cnl `vnpe cnll dn ,aehd jxcn l`xyi ehiy mixbd on jk lk icrla mb dyrp aeh `l jxcl zehdl xyt`y .mixbd

`ean yie xeibl `ay ixkp lk ,c"prl k"r ,oiicr ea wtq dfi` yi m` mbe ,daehl `id ezaygny f`e ,zehren zericie zelitzd xcq ecnll xzen aey .eze` mixiibn

cer azk a"eik xk`nheb `"xbd e"t 'iq my l"pd

:l"fe e"t 'iq my ezaeyza cer azk a"eike dpkq yiy cv jxe`l mb oecl ep` mikixv n"n didi eteq t"kr e` ,daehl ezpeek `nlc ezegcl oivn`zn eid m`y l"pd i"xd azky enke ,daehl eyprpy zea`dn di`x `iade ,mlawl epl yi ,xiibdl enr bedpl yiy `hiyt ,k"r ...rpnzl egcy ori el xen`l ,'a 'irq g"qx 'iqa `zi`c dn itk t"kr b"nq mya i"ad my azky mrhne ,l`xyi zc xneg lky rci `ly k"g` xn`i `ly yeala inp `ede y"nk daxd oiwcwcn oi` i`ce dfae ,ok `ed df xear ea mivex ep`c dfa y"kn ,xb lka r"yd dfk leqit didi `ly dgtynd xrve diclie dy`d .mdl

azky ikcxn zedbd ixac lr inlyexid ixacn ddinz mixb eed mdizegxe` mixyiiny mi`ex ep`yk zexbd xg`l wxy
ddinz l"pd inlyexidn zedbdd ixac lr ikcxn i"adn mb m"anxde r"eyde mpi`y d`xp mr minikqn ikcxn zedbdd

dxe`kl d`xi l"pd inlyexid ixaca oiirnd lke eixac xikfdyk (g"qx i"qeq) i"aa oxne ,eixac jtd liayay epl recie xiibzdl `ay inc l"pc ,enya azk zei`x dnk `iade ,mlawl oi` ,miyer md xac zlrez i"aa mbe ,eixac `iad `l envr r"eyae .l"kr ,xacl carica elit`y mdn rnyny eixac lk z` `iad `l hinydcne ,mixb eed `l mdizegxe` mixyiin mpi` m` x`azd ixde ,dfa enr mikqn epi`y gken ,epeyl meiq oxne f"id a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd ixacn zehyta epl elit`e mixb mlek caricac (a"i sirq g"qx 'iq) r"eyd

yegl yiy inlyexid ixac zelbp zelbda dpde `ny yegl yiy xn` `le ,mipeekn miny myl `ny `l `ny e` ,mz`pdl `l` miny myl mipeekn oi` ilzinl `ki`c `kid lkc gken ,mnvr lr milawn `ed envrlyk dyrnd m` s` ,miny myl mzpeeky ixaca oecl yi dzrne ,mixb mlek dkld ,dy` myl heicdd ip`" :azky (i"w 'iq) zenaia ikcxn zedbd liayay epl recie ,xiibzdl epiptl `ay inc ,il d`xp ixac `iade ,mlawl oi` ,miyer md xac zlrez `nl` ,mdilr miiqe ,(a"r c"k) zenaia my zetqezd myl didi eteqy geha zeidl jixv dxezd on `icdl l"i ,mixenb mixb mlek dkld myl wqtc b"r`e ,miny t"r` mdikxc mixyiny mi`ex ep`yk ok ixg`l ikd i` jixtc `de ,zeyi` myl miyer dligzny myl ok mb oipeekznyk xnel dvex ,inp dligzkl ipyn ikd elit`e ,(dxyi jxc bdepy oi`exy 'it) miny mixacl mzpeek ok enkc oeik ,dty zefl meyn .jxe`a my oiir ,"mixg`

ixacn `veid l"pd inlyexid

zedbdd oeyl zenaia ikcxn i"w 'iq

zedbdd mb cird ikcxn mpi` eizeaxy enir minikqn oi`ye dfa eyecg lr jenql df

zedbd mb mpn` .heyte ,zeyi` myl dligzn e`ayk miiqy ,eciva exaey azk ,df xhy azky envr ikcxn lre ,ef dcn il d`xp `l izeaxne" :df oeyla eixac jnq `l x"ndbd mby ixd ,k"r ,"oryidl oi` izpia 'uciixbn xk`nheb `"xbd k"ke ,dyrnl eyecg lr z"eya l"vf wew d"i`xbde ,(f"t 'iq) c"ei eizeaeyza g"g) xdh ixry xtqa k"ke ,(b"pw 'iq) c"eil odk zrc lr jenql oi`y jl`ee l`ixfr 'x oe`bdl (d"pw 'iq

mpi` eizeaxy azk envr `edy xg` x"ndbd ixac mbc l"i k"`e .eyecg lr jenql oi` oklye ok mixaeq envr `edy xg` epeyl meiq i"ad wizrd `l df mrhn lkn diegc ef dhiye .`picl ef ezxaq lr jnq `l ixac ok yxity mdn cg`l ep`vn `ly ,mipey`xd `lc gken (f"hd b"it) a"eqi` 'ld m"anxdne ,'nbd dnly zeypa ixdy ,ezligz lr eteq gikei opixn` miakek zecaer ody ozligz lr oteq gikedy azk m` elit`y azk (f"i) dixg` dklda z`f lkae ,zelfne eniiw jkitle ,xnen l`xyik `ed ixd f"r care xfg ixd ,y"r oceq dlbpy t"r` mdizeyp dnlye oeyny oceq dlbpy oeynye dnly zeypa yibcd m"anxdy ,y"yl dzid `l ozexb lky ozligz lr oteq gikedye giked ,f"r cearl exfgy wx `le ,f"r cearl exfge .f"rl ozrca did zexbd zrya s`y ozligz lr oteq 'da dpen`d `id m"anxdl zexbde zecdid xwir ixde ,k"tr`e ,(`"d c"it) cibnd axd y"nke f"rn dyixtde
mby xnel yi `l df mrhn i"ad wizrd x"nbdd ixac `iady s` l"pd mzligz diegc ef dhiy aexe m"anxdn mipey`xd

xzei oi` dliahe dlin i"r dpick zexb dzyrpy xg`n mlekc dkldd zehytk `ilrn zexb iede ,dlhal zleki zexba oexqg deedn xba zeevnd meiw oexqg oi`e ,mixb
xey awri 'x ahew c"a` zeywdl jix`d zedbdd lr l"pd ikcxn

r"re .

4 akrn

epi` edericed `l m` elit`e ,dnvr

ze` a"r 'iq 'e zxaeg 'a jxk f"h dpy) sq`nd oegxia denzl jix`dy ,ahew c"a` xey awri 'x oe`bdl ('b xdh ixrya r"re .y"r l"pd ikcxn zedbdd ixac lr x"ndbd mby ,l"pd ikcxn zedbdd ixac ayiiy l"pd ,wcv ixb epiidc ,mixenb mixb eed `lc `l` azk `l mixb eedc `ed dcen la` ,mdizegxe` exyii `ly lk ,mixeqi`d lr md miceygy `l` oiyeciw mdiyeciwe xxazzy cr xzide xeqi` ipiipra mdilr jenql oi`e oe`bd k"ke .a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd zrcke ,mzwcv zrca ('i 'iq) r"d` dpedk igxt z"eya odkd cerqn 'x wqerd ('` wxt seq) lirl r"re ,l"pd ikcxn zedbdd zedbdd ixaca epkx`d my ,mixba zeevn zlawa .eixaca ltltl yiy dnae l"pd ikcxn

wgvi ziad c"r ddinz miiegc eixacy t"r` ikcxn zedbdk ewqty eixg` mikynpde
eaile lawn `edy eita xn`y e` ,zexbd lg m` zeevn iebk epic ,oiey eaile eit oi`y xaca wtq oi`e enir la 'it`e ,('w 'iq) c"ei wgvi zia z"ey oiir ,eixac lkl mb ,opira ala dlawc ,llk xb deed `l carica xenyl mdilr milawny mdita exn` mzrya mizekd egek lka dkinq dfa jnqy ixd .c"kr ,y"r zeyrle
,m"anxdny ,r"eyd ,xfrig`d ziade y"cngd l"`xdne xi`n mipey`xde upiv mipexg`de zligza epipny gken qxhpewd mdixack `ly

('c ze` 'w 'iq) a"g c"ei wgvi zia axdy s`e ,"oryidl oi` izpia lre" miiqn ikcxndc s`c azk epgp` ,oryidl oi` ezpia lrc azk `ed m` n"n lr jnq `l wgvi ziad mb ,y"r ezpia lr mipryp zdbdk `lc dfa xwirde .y"r ,caric oiiprl eixac .miwqetd ixtqa d`cigi drc hrnk `edy ikcxn mbe mixbd zlaw oiipra mb mibdepy dn epipnfae jnqy wgvi ziad t"r mvra `ed ,zexbd lehia oiipra daeyza aiyil` y"ixbd y"nke ,ikcxnd zdbd lr zxaeg 'b dpy) l`xyi xe` uaewa d`aed zexb oiipra icia ievn epi` l"pd uaewd ik ,ezaeyz wizr`e (` zlaw `la xiibzdy ixkp ,dl`yd c"r :l"fe ,lk

wgvi ziad ixac dfa

wgvi ziad mby oiiprl jnq `l ixac lr caric ikcxn zedbdd ixacye ,l"pd miiegc x"nbdd lirl x`eanke

m"anxd ixac `l` dfa epl oi` epgp`e ,wgvi ziad lr dnly zcngde (e"k 'iq) b"ga xfrig`de r"yd oxne (a"i 'iq) xi`n zia z"eye (l-hk 'iq) eizeaeyza mipexg`de mipey`xde ,('p 'iq a"g) ytp zaiyn z"eye ,mdixacn dlery ,epqxhpew lka mdixaca epce epipny jiiy `ly oky lke dl`k mixb lawl inc xityc .mzexb lhal
mibdepd lr dinz leqtl epipnfa ziad t"r zexb lr jnqy wgvi zedbdd ixac l"pd ikcxn miiegcd

4. , ' " " ", , ' " , . , " " " " ".

-
mizekd zexb oiipra a"r c"k zenaia 'qezd ixac xe`a

dyixtd `id zexbd xwirc ,zexb ied `l mzexb k"` ,exiibzpy `xwp `l k"` ,dfn eyxt `l m`e ,f"rn ewqry zea` x`ye mdxa`a xn`py dn mb ixdy ixdy ,'da dpen`e f"rn dyixt i`cea dpeekd ,mixeiba ,zeevnd b"ixz zlawa oiipr did `le dxez dpzp `l c"nle ,llk xeib o`k oi` if` ,f"rn miyxet mpi` m`e cirn weqtd ixde mixb eed cvik 'qezl dyw ,zn` ixb ,ixnbl exiibzp aeyc ,'qezd evxze ,mdidl` ecary .dxvwa mdixac xe`ia edf

y"ixbd xikfdy mizekd oica epxac icn dpde sc) zenaia 'qezd eazk dpd .`zlin eda `nip ,l"pd eid mzdc ,inc `l zeix` ixb jd ,dkld d"c (a"r c"k zn` ixb c"nle ,mikln xtqa aizkck ,mdidl` micaer mdixac xaqd .l"kr ,ixnbl exiibzp aeyc xaqw ,od eed zeix` ixbc opixn` 'nbd ziibeqac ,`ed xeviwa zeix` ixb c"nl mixb mizekd eed `l recn k"`e mixb y"nke ,mdidl` z` micaer eid mzdc meyn epre ,md ,mdidl` cearln ewqt `ly xxazpyn okle ,weqta

'qezd ixac oiipra zenaia mizekd

ixac xe`ia dxvwa 'qezd

l"pd oiipra `"ayxde `"ahixd ixac xe`a


elit` ,eyxt zexbd zrya m`y ,mdly f"rn yextl hyt oia lcad yiy s`e ,mixb eed mxeql exfg m` mizeky xne`y in zrcl `"ahixd ixacl 'qezd ixac ,daeyza exfgy meyn df 'qezdly ,zeix` ixb eed `l oi` n"n ,mly ala eed zexb zrya daxc` `"ahixdle `"ahixdl mbe 'qezdl mbc ,`pic oiiprl dpin `wtp mb mixb eed ,mly ala zexb zrya f"rn eyxt m` .k"g` mxeql exfg m`
azk df oirky zrvde ,`"ayxd epeyl

oeik ,'qezd eywdy ,azk `"ahixd 'iga mle` ,miiebk mdy exn` dnl ,opaxl od mixb zeix` ixbc z`e" mdilr xne` aezkdy mzd ip`yc evxize mly ala exiibzp `ly xnel ,"micaer eid mdidel` xaq ,mzd xyknc o`ne ,mdilr elaiw `le mlern `kd `d la` ,mxeql exfg `l` mly ala exiibzpc exnb ediiqpe` ab`c `id dwfg ,mdilr elaiwe exiibzpc `ail` `ed `zexb ,`ed qpe`d zngnc b"r`e ,elaiwe .l"kr ,opaxc ixb mizekc `dc ,ezpeekc ,c"qa eixac x`a`e mly ala exiibzp `ly meyn ,mixb eed `le zeix` z` micaer eid ixdy ,mdilr elaiw `le ,mlern xyknc o`ne ,f"rn dyixtd `ed zexbd xwire ,mdidl` ,mdidl` ecary mdilr cirn aezkdy t"r`c ,ipyn exfgy `l` ,mly ala exiibzp zexbd zrya n"n cearl xfg m` elit` xb ied exeql xfgy xbe ,mxeql mzexb dzidy t"r` ,oiibeqk mzq zeix` ixbe ,f"r dz` `vnp ,mly ala milawnyk zexb ied ,qpe`a ly mzexb i` e` mzexb oiipr lky ,zehyta xne` mly ala exiibzp zexbd zrya m` ,`ed mizekd

`"ahixd oeyl dfa

lka opixn`c `dc ,`"ayxd 'iga azk df oirke oze` oiyery od zeix` ixb dil `xiaqc o`nc `zkec eidy mizekc zeix` ixb epiidc l"ie ,mixenb miiebk mixenb mixb ,zeix` ixb x`y la` ,mdidl` micaer `nrh ied ,od zn` ixb xn`c o`n ,mizeka elit`e ,md .c"kr ixnbl exiibzp zeix`d zaq zngnc ,oxn`ck

eixac xe`ia

eixac xe`ia

itl ,mixb mpi`e zeix` ixb mizek c"nlc l"xe ,zn` ixb c"nle ,zexb o`k oi`e mdidl` micaer eidy ixb mzqe ,`"ahixdke ixnbl exiibzp zexbd zrya zaeh e` daiqdy ,md mixenb mixb oiibeqk zeix` ,caric oiiprl zexbd miakrn mpi` ,cgtd e` d`pdd .5 (a"r d"r sc) oiyeciw `"ahixd 'iga r"re

,5. " ' " " " ' -, " , " " " " " " " ' " , , ., , , " " ' " " .

, " , , " ... , , ... , , " ' " " , , , " , " , ... , , . " . , , , , : "" ", .") (: "
(zexb zekld 'd xry dcedin hay extqa l"vf onxhpe` i"`xbd l`xyil iy`xd axd

dyrnl dfa mbdpne zey` myl zexba axrne gxfn cxtq ipe`b zrc
cec dpg zixw lra oe`bd ixaca miyer md xac liayay rcepe xiibzdl mi`ad
dgcpe li`ede ,eze` oilawn oi`y l"fg ea exn`y elld ikcxnd c"r wiic dpae axd jix`de .a"yr ,dgcp .y"r carica elit`e xqi` xeq`l xne` xfbe
oe`bd c"r dinz l"pd

x"ipn `ed ,xacn yecw cg` c"r iz`ltp ze`xepe cec dpg zixw z"eya ,l"vf ilwq odkd cec iax oe`bd oi`y dlrdy ,y'x`n dkex` daeyza ,(f"i 'iq) a"g aeye ,zlrez myle zeyi` myl xiibzdl mi`ad lawl ,f"r azke ,i"aa mi`aend l"pd ikcxnd ixac `iad l"pe ,zlrez meyn mi`ay lkl rcep ixd ocic oecpae ied `l ,lahe ln carica m` mb ocic oecipa `kdc lne eixg` ewca `l m`y oxn miiqy dnl inc `le ,xb `ed xac liayay rcep elit`e ,xb df ixd lahe oecp ip`yc ,mixkp llkn `vi lahe lne li`ed ,xiibzn ,leahie leniy mcew zlrez meyn epl rcep `edy ocic

y"nn mlrzdy ,eixac lr dnzi d`exd cg`e `lyke ,xb df ixd eixg` ewca `l m`y ,oxne m"anxd ely zexbd lk rxtnl ixd ,rcep k"g`e eixg` ewca k"`e ,xb df ixd z`f lkae ze`nxae dleagza dziid l"xc ,xb ied `l lahe lnyk carica elit`y y"n rexb dna eixacl dyw ,zeheicd ly c"aa ok dyry dgcpe li`edy meyn y"ne ,rcep `la oxn y"nn df oi` zeix` ixb ly oicd lk ixd ik oekp epi` ,dgcp

oe`bd ixaca dpg zixw lra mi`adc cec myl xiibzdl zlreze zeyi` mlawl oi`


miiqe ,xb df ixd n"ne ,mexiib c"a t"r `le ,oi`eyip dlbpy t"r` odizeyp dnlye oeyny eniiw jkitle did lkd `xwirn e`ay dny rcepy ixd .y"r ,oceq ,carica xb df ixd k"tr`e f"r cearl exfge xwya y"ne ,l"vf axd ixacl `zaeiz md el` mixac k"` el` oi` .'eke oir zi`xnl wx `ed miyer mdy dnc oeyl `axc`e ,ale zeilk zpigae ze`iap ixac `l` exiibzpy oze`a eda miiqne ,carica ixii` inlyexid oze` oilawn la` oze` oigec oi`c ,dy` zad`l ixd .l"pk ,myl exiib `ny mipt aexw oikixve eyry eiykr mb oigeha ep` oi`e ,zeheicda exiibzpy xi`dl epilr `inx daeg z`f lkae ,wtq ied wx y"yl 'iq) cec dpg zixw axdl cer oiire ,oaxwle mipt mdl xeq`l l"pd zncewd ezaeyz zeawra jldy (g"i icar likyi z"eya x"eye ,eixac lr aiydl yie ,xqi` cec dpg zixw axd ixacl oiivy (f"h 'iq) c"ei b"g .l"nk`e ,y"r dcnd lr axd fixtdy eilr azke ,l"pd

-
lr dfa jnq axde ,dligzkl wx ied ,oze` oilawn r"eya `aed `l j` i"aa `aedy l"pd ikcxn zedbddd oicbpn iz`ady oiyeciwa inlyexid ixace ,dkldl enke ,r"eyde oxn ixac zehytk dkldde ,dfl .lirl df lka izkx`dy mdita mixne`y dny axd azky ipyd ceqide dziid `l enr dcera mbe zcd lawle xiibzdl mivexy ixdy ,miipir zfig`le oird zi`xnl `l` zcd zxnyn xaere oea`izl xnen `ede ezc xnyn epi` `ed elit` dliahd m`e ,dxiibl oi`e dlawl oi` okle ,ytp h`ya md oiicry melk diyrna oi` ,zexb myl mc` mey `l" y"n lr xaer `ed ixd mda ozgznde ,mixkep zei`x `iad `l axde .y"r dfa jix`de ,"ma ozgzz ixg`y `id dheyt dkld ixd x"ndg`e .eixacl x`iayk b"ita m"anxde ,xb ied f"rr 'it` xiibzpy myl wx e`ay (f"hda) azk dnly xiiby miypd oipr
c"r zedinz cer l"pd oe`bd

dixcpqkl` c"a` l"vf ofg edil` 'x exec zten mqxetnd oe`bd zrc dyrnl dixcpqkl`a dfa mbdpne ,zeyi` myl zexba ,al zenelrz z"ey lra
extd 'dl zeyrl zr" :l"f mxne` lr epknqe epiax xn` ok m`e .y"r dp`yil lekie ,"jzxez mxebd dfd xexcde zexigd onfa e"we y"k ,epnfa zaeyza df oiipra oiire .zezcd lk zqixd x"dra (a"nx 'iq d"gae d"x sl` oniq) e"itl`a `"ayxd lecbd axd aiag oexg`e ,(e"vc `"g) `zeaxc `gynae e"xp i'b`l`t `"xdnk epxya x`y epixec zten jl (g"w 'iq a"g) melye miig 'iqa d`ad ezaeyza 'iq) r"d`n n"cpd myd zcear xtqa oiire .d`x `p y"re ,('e 'iq) r"d` yi` `yi 'qae ,jix`dy ('c
mb dlrd oky mqxetnd extqa zenelrz z"ey al

oen` `p ibdpn z` llekd mely dep xtqa edil` 'x exec zten mqxetnd oe`bdl (dixcpqkl`) epxeca dpd :l"fe azk ,('a sirq) mixb ipic c"ei ofg zepa mr ecklpe exar miax ,dti dnec epi`y df dxdh gex mda dqpkp mipye mini xg`e ,milxrd mipa eciled xaky mdn yie .mdizeyp xiibl mi`ae miyrn rxi` xake .k"b mze` xiibl mi`ae zepae ipencwy mipaxde .`"ri oen` `p z`fd xira el`k mdixg`e ,oiyeciwe daezka mbeefle mxiibl dyrn eyr l"f mipaxdy i`ceae .dyrn zeyrl ip` mb izgxked x`t zaeyza l"f m"anxd lecbd epiax y"n lr eknq zpwz iptn jk epwqt :l"fe azky (a"lw 'iq) xecd ,envr oney `le ahex lk`iy ahen epxn`e ,miayd

ofg `"xbd oeyl dep extqa l"vf ibdpn mely dixcpqkl`

ofg `"xdn oe`bd dyrnl cer dlrd oke .c"kr .dbda (h"k 'iq b"g) al zenelrz z"ey xtqa epecpa l"pd .a"yr

dyrnl mbdpne dfa mixvn c"a`x l"vf oerny oa oxd` l`tx 'x oe`bd zrc
cinz ok miyer epgp` ,xiibzdl `a `ed daiq dfi` epgp` .xiibzdl miiept zixkp e` ixkp epiptl `eaa mzaiq epl dxxazp m`e mzexiibzd zaiq ixg` mixweg oerny oa oxd` l`tx 'x mqxetnd oe`bd azk oke (mixvn ibdpn) mixvn xdp extqa ,mixvn c"a`x l"vf lr zrcl dl`d zexiwgd :l"fe ('d ze`) mixb zekld
oa `"xbd oeyl l"vf oerny xdp extqa mixvn

ok` .llk mze` milawn epgp` oi` ,y"yl mzexb oi`y dnir ayie ,xkpd za zad`a cklp l`xyi yi`y oecpa mipa eciled mby yie ,ecxtziy xyt` i`e ,onf dnk xiibl dxdh gex yi`a dqqep f"g`e ,zixkpd on zepae `ly xiibzdl uetgz `id mb `ide ,zixkpd ezy` z` oiipr x"dera xy`k dipan e` dlran cxtzdl uetgz z` xiibl milawn epgp` ,dfd onfa uxtp oefg `ed dfk zexb zaiq rcei oian lky mbd ,mipade dyi`d yi`d z` livdl zg`d ,minrh dnkn dfe ,dyi`d cle ik ,`adle o`kn erxf zxdhl mbe ,f"byp xeqi`n ciled xy` eipa z` xiibl mbe ,recik denk dgty ,xiibzdl dze` lawp `l m`y epgp` miyyeg ik ,zipy ,lrad ezc xinie cnzyi e"ge ,ilcd xg` lagd jli miiebd zca dze` `yi ornl xaca qep` f"g` didi ik

ik ,eixg` eiqkp iyxeil eipa z` dlynnd xikz ornl itk miyxei mipal mzxikn dlynnd oi` oi`eyip ila k"re ,mxe`ia mewn dt oi`y minrh dnk cere ,wegd xiibzzy xg`e ,mze` milawne oir minilrn epgp` xiibp mipad z`e ,i"enck daezke w"ega f"lf mi`iyn xy`ke ,epencwy zexecd mb eyr oke ,mpick mze` 'a sirq mixb 'ld mely dep extqa b"g` ax f"k azk oi` ald oea`cl ik ,zeax minrt epiyr oke ,y"eri epgp` z`fe ,dliz lr zcd lbc cinrdl epzlekia dyi`dl mix`ane mipzn epgp`y ,dfk oecipa miyer uetgi `l dnir xy` lrad m` elit`y ,zxiibznd zlawn `id ,dytpl dpafrie z`f ixg` dze` `yil di`eyip zaiqa ielz dzexib zaiq oi`e ,dpevxn zcd .c"kr .ok zxne` `ide ,enr

ok mixvn bdpny dxengak dlw lr mzexb xg` ecitwi `ly mirceiyk mb


lr l`xyi ipe`bn dgilqe dlign ywal `ed jixve micnerd mdin rci `ly xacd xexae ,efky oeyl ux` jxca mdixac lr azek did rcei did eli`e ,eiptl .depre
ipe`b ixacy mipekp mixvn dyrnle dkldl mikixv mpi`e wefig

mixac mircei epgp`y t"r`e ,mixvn xdpd miiqne 'dl zeyrl zr"e ,daxd miwcwcn epgp` oi` ,alay dpey`xak epihtey aiyi aehd 'de ,aizk "jzxez extd .c"kr .on` dlz lr zcd mixdl dligzak epivreie alay mixac mircei ep`y t"r`y ,dxexa ezpeeke dtyd on `l` zeevnd mdilr milawn oi`y epiid `l` ,daxd mnir miwcwcn ep` oi` n"n ,uegle ,"jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl zr" meyn mze` milawn .mdixg` mrxf livdl oke ,dieb xeqi`n elivdl ick l"vf oerny oa `"xbd ly ezyecwe ezlecb drecie oerny oa mipaxd zgtyn ia` `ede ,miyecwd eixtqn .l`xyi ux`a meik mb znqxetnd a"g zebdpde zeaeyz xtqa eixac lr y"n okle oi` ,mixvn ux`a dfa lwdl ebdpy s`y `"vxz 'iq ocicl okle l`xyia d`xedd ilecb lk lr welgl mgka inkg lr jneqd cigie ,"eyrz `l mixvn ux` dyrnk" c"kr ,ezrc dlha dt cg` ax mqxity enk mixvn .a"yr yecwe oe`b lr aezkl eci dcrx `l ji` ipdinze ilecba mixac gihdy ,dixn dil ixy .elld mixack ,xecd ilecbl mxeca minqxetnd mixvn ipax l`xyi ,"eyrz `l mixvn ux` dyrnk" mdixac lr `xwy cr

xdpd oeyl meiq mixvn

xexa ,epqxhpewa dzr cr x`eand lkn dpde ,wefig mikixv mpi`e dyrnl dkld mipekp mdixacy oi`y m"anxd mkezae mipey`xd aex zrcy xg` `idy xn`p m` mbe ,zakrn zeevnd zlawe zrced mzqa zeevnd zlawe zrced drvazdy lk ,zakrn lke ,melk dixg` oi`e `nlr ilekl zqtez `id ixd zexb myl dliahdy dinirce y"cngd zrcl e"we oky dlecb zeevn zlaw jl oi`e zeevnd zlaw `id `id .l"nk`e mixexa mixacde ,efn

eixac xe`ia lawl mbdpny myl zxeib miigyk zeyi` t"r` ,cgi `ly xexay meiw lr ecitwi zeevnd

`l mixvn xdpd meiw iabl xaic xg`l zeevnd meyn zexbd yegl oi` m`y .orhpd zpynl oi`y oky lk dfl yegl

xdp xtq lra oe`bd y"nnc cer yibcdl yie lky zxiibznd zpeek mircei epgp`y t"r`y mixvn mikneqe dfn oir minilrn f"ka oi`eyp wx `ed dpevx llk oecl qpkp `le ecbpl cnr `le ,m"anxd c"r xexay t"r` ,k"g` `eazy zeevnd meiw zedna itly meyn d`xp ,zexbd xg` melk eniiwi `l hrnky oicy ,zexba lw xzeid wlgd `id zeevnd zlaw ezrc dnly dpyn `idy ,orhpd zpyn `ed oi`eyp myl zexb meyn dpnn mlrzdl azk m"anxde ,(`"r c"k) zenaia

zeaeyzd ixac qgia zebdpde xdpd ixacl mixvn

lr dinz zeaeyzd dgcy zebdpde ipe`b ixac l"pd mixvn dhea oeyla


,lw xzeid wlgd dfy zexbd xg` zeevnd eniiwi `l azk df lr m`e .dnly dpynn aeyg zegt i`ceae oky lk ,'dl zeyrl zr meyn lwdl yiy m"anxd lr lawze ,drced didzy lky zeevnd meiw iabl .dzlawa dira mey oi` if` ,zexbd dnvr

-
el oi`y ,zeevnd meiw znerl ," 'dl zeyrl zr" 'it`e ,drcedd ixg` `a dfy ,zeevnd zlaw mr zekiiy mbe `ed mb okl ,zexbd axrn epi` drced dzid `l m` `le lwdl ekxvedy fpky` inkge axrnd inkg lk e` eniiwi m` llk oecl eqpkp `l ,orhpd zpynl yegl

, " , , ... , ... , , , , . " , . , " ' "


('d sirq mixb zekld mixvn xdp xtqa oerny oa `"xbd)

dkldl ezhiye dpedk igxt xtq lra oe`bd ly d`ltpd ezaeyz


dpzp dipir `ny oiwcea dligzklc epizeax ixac cbp `ly miizy jl ixd ,'eke orhpd oicn mbe ,'eke epzpy df xac llba e`a xy` mixb oilawnc ,ozkldk dqpkl el mixen mbe ,l`xyi zexegaae ixegaa mdipir .dligzkl
zewicad lky m` ik mpi` dligzkl mdy dxwna xak mi`eyp yi zigxf` dligzkl mxiibl mlivdl ick xeqi`n `ziixe`c

ciqgd oe`bdl ,dpedk igxt z"eya izi`x dpde r"d` ,dpedk igxt z"ey extqa l"vf odk cerqn iax lke` `le ,ef dkld xexiaa y'x` ccenie cnry ,('i 'iq) dpnn ik ,d`ltpd ezaeyz zivnz `iadln rpndl mdiwqta zknzpe ,ce`n zqqean `ide ,miig ze`vez ,m"`x zetrez axd ,mixyi mihtyn axd mipe`bd ly ,wgvi xn`ie axd ,al zenelrz axd ,y"i` `yi axd zexeca ok ewqty micxtqd inkg ilecbn mlek ,cere mipic izaa dyrnl ebdp mdize`xed it lre mipexg`d ezaeyz xwir z` wizr` okle ,i"`e axrne gxfn ly .dyrnl dkldl xwird gw`e ,belica dkex`d diebd ezy` z` `iany in lr miaeqp eixace edf dxe`kl xy`e ,dxiibl xecd ipax exizdy ,dxiibl

igxtd zaeyz zqqeand dpedk ilecb t"r miwqetd micxtqd

ik epi`y eze` oiwcea oic x`al jix`d dligzne k"g` rcep elit`e eixg` ewca `la okle ,dligzkl m` ep`a m`c `kid mpn` ,xenb xb f"d xac myl xiibzpy `l` xac xzqa `l y`xny oiipra y"ke ,eixg` wecal eplred `l mzegcl ep`a m`e ,dyi` myl xiibzdl `a dxeyw ,ef dcin icil e`ay mcewn ixdy ,melk mdl oi`eyip) i"xinl`d i`eypa mi`eyp mdy ,enr ,gtd on eplvp n"n ,edl zwgxnc `kide ,(miigxf`

dpecpd dl`yd

`ziixe`c xeqi`a dxiara mdini lky ,zgta epltpe ick xninl `ki` df oebka ,('` f"h 'iq) r"d`a y"nk iede ,"znlrzde" eda opixw ,`xeqi`n mlivdl ,`xeqi`n iyext`l epicia gek oi`y oebk ,carick milrdl epl ahen ,carica `ied `din zxeibc oeeike mgippy dnn xzei ,mdixg` wecal epizeax y"nn oir .miyper dnke `ziixe`c xeqi`a mzlei`a exn`y epivn okid xe`ia zaeg epilr dlg `zyde lr xearl `ly ick minkg ixacn oir milrdl epizeax ixd ,(b"n sc) zaya `zi`c i`nn `ide ,dxez ixac ,opaxcn `edy zaya lehlh xeqi` opixfbc jiptl .`ziixe`c xeqi` lr xeari `ny meyn xy` ,dfa dlrd seq ,df lr zei`xa axd jix`de oi`iven oi` qpk m`y epizeax exede li`ed ,ok lr xyt` i`e li`ed ,qpk el`k dl opiayg inp `kd ,ecin epizeax ixac dgczy ahenc ,epnn d`ivedl epl xeqi`a eini lk didi l`e ,`l dligzkl exn`y mixyi mihtyn z"eya azk df oirke ,`ziixe`c ,epecpa (r"w 'iq a"g) l"f ebecxa l`tx iax oe`bdl rnhi `ly l`xyin zg` ytp livdly ,my miiqe m` elit`e ,dxez oic lr xacd cinrdl ie`x ,miieba ,zeytp zlvd meyn exizdl lkep ,opaxc xeqi` df did f"byp xeqi`a lyki `l ornly my oecpl df dnice opaxc xeqi` da didiy b"r` ybltd zgwl el exizd `ziixe`cny t"r`y ,z`ypyn ezyexb xifgn `edy `din opaxc `xeqi` n"n ,dycwiy cr dwel epi` lk xeari `ly ickc ,ocica op` xn`p inp `kde ,`ki` xeqi` el xizpc ahen ,`ziixe`cnc zepzg xeqi`a eini .epiptlyl cenll gwp epnne ,opaxc de`wp` l`tx iax oe`bd ixac k"gxtd `iad cer ,dlrd dnec oecpay ,(a"p 'iq) m`x zetrez z"eya l"f `l` ,dxenb zxeib `iede xeqi` mey o`k oi`c oeeikc mewnay heyt ,dp`yie xiibzz `ly exfb frl meyn dxizdl epl yic `pin` f"re ,exfb `l i`ce ytp gewit xiibzdl dxizp `l m`y cvn od ,el `ypdle xiibzdl dnewz el didz `le ,dp`yie rxa aeh xini el `ypdle ipd meyn i`ceae ,'ek elk`iy ahen exn` f"re ,cer azk cer ,dze` oilawn xiibzdl `azyk i`ce ,inrh le`y sqei iax oe`bd df lr l`ypy ,k"gxtd oe`bd l`eyd axde ('f 'iq) r"d` yi` `yi z"eya xyil`
zetrezd ixac yi` `yide m`x zaeyz t"r yiy m"anxd dxiibl xizdl ick dp`yiy dp`yi `ly dzeiba l"fgn zei`x minrtly oir minilrn minkg ixacn xearl `ly ick z"c lr exizdy minrt milrdl minkg xeqi`n oir `ly ick opaxc xeqi`l e`eai `ziixe`c

meyn xyt`e ,w"eg mdl xcql ebdpy c"ad lr `ltzd mbe ,dfl df e`yip xak ik ori ," 'dl zeyrl zr" ahene ,micedin lke lkn eyxtie epl ernyi `l xy`n m"anxd zaeyz `iade ,oicifn eidi l`e oibbey eidi dne f"r eaiyd yi` `yi axde ,(a"lw 'iq) xecd x`ta xzen i`ceay ,`iady daeyza l"f m"anxd ixac exwi l`l gay zivxzp xak dyi`d z`fy c"pae ,dniiwl dxiibzpy dfa xninl `kile ,l`xyi zca qpkil jxazi enir d`eyp dziid zixkp dcera `dc ,yi` meyl wacil dzpek dzid z`fy i`ceae ,milkn oi`e `iqdxta :l"fe wiicl azk k"gxtae ,dniiwl xzene ,l`xyi zca l"ed ,dzeieba d`yp m`c ,'fpd oe`bd ixacn opirny k"`e ,`ztqeza ipzc `ivei `l qpk m` enk ,carick iedc ,odiqenipa dfl df e`yp xaky c"ecpa dpin oec dniiwl xzene ,ecin oi`iven oi` qpke xar oick .dligzkl oepbqa e`apzp mlek milecbe miaxy zrcl z`xd dlecb efe ,carick dl iaygc ,df oiipra xizdl ,cg` eixaca epipir xi`dy m"anxd zaeyz ,mlek lr `iddn oir milrd miayd zpwz iptny ,miyecwd `inx devn epilr ,jxrd iphw ep` mb okle ,orhpc ile` ,xzid ly gzt mdl geztl ,miryetl ci zzl ep`vn ,xen`d lk t"r dzrne .el `txe aye dewz yi mixb lawl ,eppnf ipax eknq f"ry ,xnel eplbxe epici dyi` myl yi`e yi` liaya dyi` xiibzdl mi`ad ori ,l`xyie dyn zck oiyeciwe dteg mdl xcqle xnel cv yiy cg` ,`zeaihl izxz `ki` t"kry myl `le [inlyexidn rnynck] y"yl k"b dzpeeky d`eyp dziid zixkp dcera ixdy ,xiibzdl d`a yi` `edy dlbn df akrn oi`yk] dci lr akrn oi`e enr ,zecdi zc dilr lawl dzr d`ay dn i`ceae ,[y"yl gken f`c e`ypiy mcew sicr f`] ,y"yl `weec `ed enir d`eypy oeeiky ,zipy cere ,[qxhpi` mdl oi`y
yegip `l dnl miiwz `l `ny mby oeik zeevnd miiwn epi` dlra

zaeyz t"r yi ,m"anxd gzt `evnl myl xiibl `kid zeyi` mi`eyp mdy `nyc ,zigxf` myl mzpeek ,miny

epyyegc `wr `c mpn` ,qpk eli`k l"ed ,okl mcew dilr dlaiwy dne ,dxeql xefgz ile`e ot ,z`hgn dl `edy onf eze`ae mewn eze`a `wec epiid ,zicedi zc ,'eke zxkef dpi` ,ok ixg` la` ,wcv dxend iptl `le yg `lc ,dlraa dipir ze`x itl `ed dfl mxebde ,`xiaa dzit ltp dzrne ,xeqi`d on wgxzdl yibxn .y"r


lr `ak epic zxnenk zaygp m` mb dxeib xg`l xac lkl eipak eaygi mdl ecleiy mipad .a .zxnend .mixkpk eaygi `le micedi eidie

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dl oi` zexbd zryay xg`nc ,j"gxt axd zpeeke `edy dlra d`ex ixdy ,zeevn miiwl dpeek mey ,zeceqi 'a lr dpay oipad lk k"` ,miiwn epi` envra ,y"yl dzpeeky oecl cv yi k"`e ,mi`eyp xaky .` lrad ,dfd avnac ,qpk xaky ink ea oecp mbe .a yi k"` ,xeqi` meyn wgxzdl el ztk` `l envra xeibd oi` k"`e ,dxeql xefgz `id xeibd ixg`y gipdl .lirei ji`e uegle dtyd on m` ik 'nbd t"rc oeikc ,dpedk igxtd dper df lr lkl l`xyik `ed ixd dlre lah a"r f"n zenaia lr xaer m`e l`xyik epice oiyeciw eiyeciwy eixac oke ,ixnbl mda exfg elit`e xnen l`xyik epic zc 'iq c"ei r"eyde f"id a"eqi`n b"ita m"anxd ewqt `ly .` :zeaiq 'an mxiibl sicr jkl ,a"i sirq g"qx zrk eli`e xeqi`a dzeiba l`xyid dlra dilr `eai
igxtd zaeyz yygl dpedk l"pd

ixac xe`ia eixaca k"gxtd mipexg`d

k"gxtd ziiyew df aeyi lr zedbdd ixacn zenaia ikcxn i"w 'iq

ikcxn zedbd zhiyn dpedk igxtd xird aeye mdizegxe` mixyiinyk `wecc ,l"pd i"w 'iq zenai ep`y o`k k"`e ,mixenb mixb iaiyg f` xeibd xg`l oi`c uxize ,dxb died `l dxeql cin xefgzy mircei zenaia l"iiw `dc ,mixb eed `lc ikcxn zedbd zpeek lah a"r f"n zenaiae md mixb mlek dkld a"r c"k enk ezpeek `l` ,xac lkl l`xyik `ed ixd dlre mxefl exfgay ,mixeqi`d lr zepn`p oiiprl m"anxd f`c mdizegxe` exyiiy cr mixeqi`d lr mipn`p mpi` ,md mixenb micedi i`ce ,mzecdi oiiprl la` ,mipn`p .a"yr ,mixnenk iaiygc `l`

dyrnl dpnn dlerde dpedk igxtd zhiy mekq


,dyi` myl exiibzpy yxtny ,oixxeand oiyeciwa ,"minyl epeekzp `ny" ,aexw mikixve ,md mixb ,miny myl mipeekzny migeha ep` oi` ik s` epiidc xnel cv yi i`cea f` ,e`yip xaky xacd mvrn n"n inlyexidc `iddn xzei 'it`e ,y"yl mipeekzn `ny dzr mi`ay `le zeheicd i"r exiibzp xaky ixiinc ,mci lr akrn oi`e e`yip xakyk y"k k"`e ,xiibzdl mda oecl xzei yeygl yi i`ceay ,xiibzdl mi`ae dpwn zeayd wegy ,epipnfl dnec dfe .y"yl mzpeeky ,zeiekfd lk z` ,dkldd t"r miebl miaygpd milerl okle ,xywd eze`l hrnk rpen oi`e xevrn oi`e .mlawl yi el` oebka ,xiibzdl mi`ayk ,dxwid ezaeyz ixacn dlerd z` mkqp `ad dzre alk eal dpedk igxt ixdy ,zrce zexqena zxn`pd extqa oiirl libxy inl rcepk xyie jf oeira ix`d bdpnd jk ik ,yi`d epa cird crde ,dpedk igxt xwid sqei iax oe`bd dneca cirdy enke ,axrnd ixra mye (d"qyz 'iq) a"g miazknd xve` xtqa y`yn ,(d"r 'iq) a"g miig min z"ey extqae ,(l"zz 'iq) `vei ,xacd inrh jxe`a my oiir ,cere ,(g"w 'iq) mye oiae miigxf` oi`eyipa oia ,cgi micbe`n xakya deti` mipeekzny ,ozep oeibidd ,xiibzdl mi`ae eicgi miiga `ny" iz`ady g"ad oeyln wiiecny enke y"yl inlyexid ixac itl xzeiae ,"miny myl mipeekn
miceb` xakyk zlrez oi`e xywl zcgein ,xeibd i"r mdipia mixiibn ipax ilecb zecr lr axrnd zexba mbdpn zeyi` myl miig mdc `kid eicgi xak

milyexi c"a` izay ediwfg iax oe`bd wqt zeyi` myl zexba lwdl "ediwfg ixac" xtq lra
z` `iade ,xb oic mdl yi ,elahe elnyk ,exiibzp 'd mixvn xdpde (a"l 'iq b"g) al zenelrzd ixac ,jk lr ediwfg ixac axd azke ,l"pd ('d sirq) mixb mze` oilawn ep` daiq meyn mb minrtc ,dfn epcnl oic ,mxeql exfg m` s`e ,mze` migec epgp` oi`e .c"kr ,edl yi l`xyi izay ediwfg iax oe`bdl i`ex ixg` izi`x melde l`ypy ,('` 'iq c"ei) a"g ediwfg ixac z"eya ,l"f zxkip daiq `ki`c s` mixb lawl oic t"r lkep m` yi m` zexbd xg` zcd mixney mpi`c `kide ,mzexbl epcnl ,mdilr azke ,m"anxd ixac `iade ,xb oic mdl m` ikd elit` ,daqa `ed mzexby s`y df lkn
'x oe`bd zrc izay ediwfg mixvn xdpd t"r al zenelrzde


extqa l"vf l`ifer g"nva iax oe`bd oeivl oey`xd wqt

zeevnd lk eniiwi `ly reciya s` zeyi` myl zexba lwdl "l`ifer ihtyn"
l"f m"anxd mle` ,dzexb ixg` dy`l dp`yil orhpd ik s`e :azk (a"lw 'iq xecd x`t zaeyz) ,dligzkl dp`yil leki epi` dxxgzype dgtyd lr ,dp`yie dpxxgyiy dl`k mixaca epwqt xy`k ahen epxn`e ,'eke miayd zpwz iptn jk epwqt zr" mxn` lr epknqe ,envr oney `le ahex lk`iy .l"kr ,dp`yil lekie ,"jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl oi`y xac lka mipirl epl md ,dl` mixwid eixace diebd mr ieypd e` orhpd oebk ,xenb xeq` ea ,dzexb ixg` dnr ei`eyp xizp `l m`y ,dxiibzpe ipa eidi mdipae ,dzeiba mdini lk mi`eyp ex`yi epaiyi ecqga 'de ,l`xyi znc`n mixwrp zaexrz lk dxiq`e ,jibiq xeak sexv`e" epa miewie ,ahenl jivreie dpey`xak jihtey daiy`e ,jilica .c"kr ,"dlgzak
`"ayxd mb o"anxde l"i ,mixingny m"anxdl eceiy epecpa

oa axd oeivl oey`xd oe`bd azk efn dxizie l`ifer ihtyn z"eya ,l"f l`ifer ig xi`n oeiv dcedi iax oe`bdl aiydy daeyza ,('k 'iq) h"g m"anxd ixac `iady ,o`ehih c"a` l"f oetlk oe`il ,epcnl xen`d lkn ,zehiyta mdilr azke ,oecpa elit` zexbd z` akrn zeevnd meiw i`pz oi`y xzeny ,d`vei dxez ,xaecne xen`d lkne ,dligzkl `ly epl reciy t"r` zexeibe mixb lawl devne ,mneiw icil e`eai mteqy meyn ,zeevnd lk eniiwi eniiwi `l m`e ,dfk gzt mdl geztl ep` mieevne l"pd oe`bdl r"re ,mpeer z` e`yi md ,zevnd z` (d"k 'iq r"d`) `"g l`ifer ihtynae (a"k 'iq) my oke ,(g"p 'iq '` jxk) z"ecdn c"eig l`ifer ihtyne (h"p oniq) "onfd zel`ya l`ifer iwqt" z"ey xtqa myd zcear xtqa izi`x oke :l"fe izi`x oke d"ca gikedy ,('c 'iq r"d` iwipelq ipaxn epxeca oe`bl) d"ge d"k sl` 'iq `"g) daeyza `"ayxd ixacn `l ,mzeiba mi`eyp eidy epecpa mby ,(a"nx 'iq oeik ,azke wiq` l"f `edy `l` ,dligzkl qepki l`y miigd zrck xnel ep` migxken z"x zrcly dqpekle dniiwl el xzen dzeiba d`eyp dzid m`c opilf` ,f"r wleg `"ayxdc b"r` ,dzexb xg` ,`vei df lkn ,lwdl ewtqe opaxc `edy oeik ,`lewl ef zxeib ly icedid dlral xeq` `"ayxd zrcly

ihtynd zrcl i`pz oi` l`ifer zeevnd meiw zexba akrn dligzkl 'it`

l"ie

,opiytn

`l

`zbelt

iyet`

c"rle

dligzkl qepki `ly azky `"ayxdl mby dxe`kl mze`a oke ,epecpa m"anxdl dcei ,cenlzd oicke zry beqa miqpkpe miwqetd mda epcy mipecp oke .lwdl yi inc ,carick wgcd zrye ,wgcd l`ifer iwqta my azky dnl qgia cer xnel yi ,ea yxity dnae o"anxd ixacl qgia ('q oniq) .c"rlpk

lwdl oexg`d xeca micxtqd miwqetd ilecb z`xed


hexbpit ield mdxa` iax oe`bd axd zaeyzae zrc degi z"eyae ,(b"i 'iq) miax jingx xtqa z"eyae ,dtiga c"a` (`"l 'iq) l"vf ofg wgvi 'xl 'iq) c"eig oerny oa oxd` l`tx 'xl yac xevne 'xl icar likyi z"eyae ,(e"h 'iqe c"i 'iq ,b"i lecbd oicd zia xag (f"h 'iq) b"g di`cd dicaer awri oe`bd l"y`xd oxn m`av lre .mixerxrl `aede ('f 'iq r"d`) yi` `yi xtqa xyil` le`y 'iq) c"ei `"g (j`xa) le`y l`yie z"eya mb .(h"k l`ifer ihtynd ixacky lirl izxkfd

dpd

dtig c"a` l"vf y`yn sqei iax oe`bd azk dkld d`xedd dhyt jky eixtqa zenewn dnka cer oiire .xi'fl`e qipeh ewexna dligzkl dyrnl (f"q 'iq) `xivgea` selkn 'xl dry dti z"eya dewn oiire ,l"pd l`ifer ihtynd c"r k"b jnqy c"g dewz gzt c"a` l"vf dkln dyn 'xl mind mely 'xl obne yny z"eyae ,('a 'iq r"d`) 'b 'iq) n"eg a"g milyexil iy`xd axd y`yn ,axd mdilr cirny zecaer dnkn ('d sirq

ipe`b z`xed gxfna cxtq zexba axrnae zey` myl


xaky xg`e ,daeh dvr m` ik da oi` `dc ,`ivei `l okl ,dpnn eiyexiba k"k zlrez oi` ,lewd wfgede qpk lr ceygd lr `l` i`w `lc g"ad y"nk xexa xacd cg`e lral cg`c xeqi` yyg yi f`c ,yi` zy` (a"nx 'iq) y"aixd k"ky y"aa mikqd oke ,lreal m` ik da oi` `dc y"nr k"b iywz dxe`kle .y"r i`ce `l` ,elf` okidl zexb ipic lkc ,daeh dvr ,dligzkla md zexbd ipicc ,r"yd zrca axd qtezy
mb rnyn ok `gynd ixacn `"xbde `zeaxc i'b`lt

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iax oe`bd axrnd ipe`bn cgeind cg`l cer d`xe `"i 'iq) r"d` zn` zexez xtqa ,l"vf ebecxa l`tx `wecc ,azky dgtyd lr orhpda oxn ixac lr ,(d"q xzen ,dilr `a i`cea la` ,`nlra frl `edy orhp jnn xqd" meyn mrhd xwir `dc ,dligzkl qepkl zxqd ezripna oi` dilr `a i`cey dfe ,"dt zeywr ,y"r ,r"ve ,dilr `ay `ed mqxetn `dc ,dt zeywr xacde dilr `a i`ceaac qtez zehiytac rnyn cnerd lr daexn uextdy epinia enk ,qepki ,mqxetn meync ezpeek l"i dxe`kle ,dilr `a i`cey opilzc oiicr zexb i`pze zexb oicn la` ,ixii` miizty zefl ,rnyn eixac zhdixn edine ,dxe`kl xxal jixv gken oke ,oiwcwcn oi` i`d ik lkac `ed oicdy dilr eknzqdy l"pd m"anxd zaeyz zehytn ,zexbd i`pz oicn oecl llk qpkp `ly ,miwqetd efn dxizie .xzei dfa oiwcwcn oi` df oebkac rnync g"ad ixac mipekp mb :l"fe df ixg` sirqa my azk d`xzdd lr xare ea exzd elit` dgtyd lr orhpac
ixac jyndn zn` zexezd k"b rnyn oi` qpk xakyac lka oiwcwcn zexb ipic epeyl zhidxn oeyl zehytne rnyn m"anxd oiwcwcn oi`c zexba b"dka

oe`b zrc l`tx 'x ,axrnd orhpdac ebecxa dgtyd lr `ay reciyk xzen ,dilr dligzkl qepkl

rnyn oke ,df lka oiwcwcn oi` ,qpk xakya la` ,(`"r e"v sc `"i 'iq r"d`) `zeaxc `gynd oecpn xzen m` ,dxiibzp jk xg`e ,dieba lykpy mc`a `l orhpd oicc ,azky ,`l e` dyi`l el dzgwl dilr `ay oeik j` ,oepix meyn `weec `ed ,dp`yi x"eye ,y"r mixaca ccve ,dligzkl zxzen ,`iqdxta zaeyza (g"w 'iq r"d`) a"g melye miig xtqa cer `iad seqae ,df oica ltlty ,i'b`lt mdxa` iax oe`bd jnqe (a"lw 'iq) xecd x`t z"eya m"anxd zaeyz .dyrnl dilr

`"hily sqei dicaer epiax oe`bd oxn ixac


ezy` z` xiibl dxdh gex eaxwa dqqep k"g`e `ly liaya xiibzdl uetgz `id mb `ide ,zixkpd uxtp oefg `ed x"dera xy`k dipane dlran cxtz reci ik mbd ,mipade dy`d z` mixiibn ep` ,epipnfa c"ei) mely dep xtqa lwdl k"ke ,y"r ozexb zaiq r"d`) yi` `yi z"eya lwdl k"ke ,y"r (g"qx 'iq ,cere ,('b q"q) a"g dcyd ixt z"eyae ,y"r ('f 'iq elrdy epipnf ipexg`n mipax dnke dnk cer mpyie ,xg` mewna daeyza izkx`dy enke dfa lwdl .c"kr iax oxn lecbd epiaxl izi`x `pc law lk r"d` a"g xne` riai z"eya `"hily sqei dicaer zixkp lka zn`ay ,dligzn azky ,('e ze` 'b 'iq) mr zeyi` iqgi xakn zniiwnd xiibzdl d`ad ,zexbl dlawln dligzkl rpnil epl did ,l`xyi wxe j` ozexba ozpeek xwiry mi`xp mixacdy oeikn aeye ,ok oihwepy miwqet dnk `iade ,zeyi` zxhnl mixb lawl bdpnd hyt dzr ik zn` od n"n ,azk yi`y ,(`"r `"iw sc) mixvn xdp 'qa y"nke ,dl`k ,onf dnk dnr ayie ,xkp za zad`a cklpd l`xyi
azk xne` riaia hyt dzry lawl bdpnd zeyi` myl mixb .cala

miigxf` mi`eyp xak mi`eypa zey` myl zexba "aeh uiln" xtq lra oe`bd zrc
b"dpkd k"kye ,caric aeyg owzl gxeh yiy xac lkc sc) oiaexira zetqezd mya (b"q llk) micxtp millka oeik f"tl k"` ,'eke lwdl mdixac wtqe d"ca (a"r 'd dyi`de lrad oiipra owzl ce`n lecb gxeh yiy ,opixn`ck llk dpwz el oi`y `ni` zira i`e ,mipade i`eypa dp`yie ,dxiibl xizdl yie ,caric aiyg k"` uiln xtqa l"f `xivgia` mely iax oe`bd azk zixkp `ypy icedi yi`a oecl ,(f"h 'iq) r"d` aeh dpxiibl dzr ywane ,zepae mipa ele miigxf` oi`eypa zeyrl ick xiibzdl dzr dvex `idy rcepe ,dp`yile `iade ,caric aiyg df oebka ik aiyde ,dlra oevx ,(a"lw ze`) zlcd illka ik`ln ci axd y"nn di`x
mi`eyp xakya miigxf` oi`eypa carick aiyg xiibl xzene

lkde ,l`xyie dyn zck oiyeciwe dteg i"r l`xyi zrd itl il d`xp ok ,miiqe ,xzene carick aeyg `di xac meyae oiipr meya xyken epi`y xecde onfde meyn minrt daxd dyrn epiyr z`fl s` ,ezkldk .y"r c"zkr ,ciledl oicizre xak ecliy miayd zpwz

xtql dgizta diz`ade i"zk daeyza el izi`x oke 'ky ,(mipy iptl xe`l iz`vedy) qgpt cenrie ilra mipaxd mixene mi`a oky :l"fe zehyta lkl mxeb `ed ,on`p izla `edy onfd ik ,ze`xedd .l"pk minrt daxd dyrn dyr okle ,df

dfa "xng mxk" z"ey lra de`wp` mdxa` 'x oe`bd zrc
zeidl aehd dpevxn dlaiwe dzvxe ,dricedl jixvy dleki dpi`y dl izgly irneyke ,l`xyin cg`k oica ltlty my oiire ,'eke mei a"vn zegt `ypil `le wtzqp `le ,`l e` dfa jiiy m` dpgad g"b lk o`ky t"r` ,zexbd xwira eail lr dzlr zeyi`l wx dzpeek lky rciy ,edpzi` zezerixbd dziid `ly ,ze`nxa dzyry ,zcd xwirl `le ,dil `wtqn `l zexbd xwira k"tr`e ,d`eyp ,mixb mlek dkldc ,zexb iedc `picl dil `hiytc .a"yr iax oe`bd xi'bl` inkgn cgeind cg`l izi`x oke ,(c"l 'iq) `"g xng mxk z"eya ,de`wp` mdxa` mipya zeax icedi mr zxyewn dzidy zg` dieba zcl qpkidl dewn cinze ,xac lkl ezy`k dzeiba ick dl did wygd df lky reciy itle ,l`xyi dziidy yi`d eze`l `ypze l`xyi zca qpkzy ,dlawl dvx `l jkitl ,daezk dl zeidle el zcgein 'b iptl zecdi myl dlahe ezrcn `ly dkld `ide mr zayl dpevx oi`y mdl dxn`y ,zeheicd c"a dn lk dericede (dfa mze` dznx xnelk) ,yi`d eze`
xeng mxkd zrc mb zexb iedc dnixrdy ote`a c"ad lr

"`zeaxc `gyn" xtq lra oe`bd zrc


m"anxd oeyl `ede ,df ixg`y sirqa azky enk `ly `"i 'eke orhpd d"q f"rw 'iqa y"ne ,enr oicde mre ,i"yx zxaql yygy dfn d`xp 'eke `"ie qepki dkld `"ie `"i ol `niiwc ,dipy `xaqk ezrc df lk m"anxdc `cg ,izxz `ki`c oeik ,dipy `xaqk miizty zefl edl `xiaqc rnyn `"ayxde o"anxde oeik cere ,dxiibzp df liaya exn`i `ly ick epiid y"nke miizty zefll opiyiig `l ,devn `ki`c
eixacn d`xp xwira oipc oi`y `hiytc zexbd zexb iedc

oe`bdl (`"i 'iq) r"d` `zeaxc `gyn xtqa dpde yelyk iptln qipez c"a`x l"f iqtl` dnly iax k"g`e ,dieba xywp mc` m` ,dl`y `iad ,dpy ze`n oicy `iade ,dyi`l el dpgwil xzen m` ,dxiibzp `"ayxd oiae y"`xde 'qeze i"yx oia zwelgn `ed df dp`yi `ly azk i"aa `aed `"ayxde ,m"anxde ,dxiibzp df liaya exn`i `ly miizty zefl meyn zrcle ,ok yxit `l i"yxy t"r` oekpd yexitd edfe opiyiig `l ,dzqipka devn `ki`c oeik ,l"q mixiznd ,o"anxde sqei iwenpd ixac `iade ,miizty zefll `"ayxd mrhk oxn wqt dkld oiiprle ,azk aeye

xwira llk ixii` `l oe`bde ,y"r c"kr jenqa oiwcwcn oi` i`d ik lkac hiwp `ed mby ,zexbd .ea

fef`n gilvn 'x yecwd oe`bd zrc zeyi` myl zexba "gilvn yi`" extqa c"id
liaya xiibzdl dvexy erciy t"r` xiibl enikqdy wgcd zry ,ipdn caricae li`edc ,cala dicedi `yil extqn `"gae .y"r ,ixwn carick dyi`d ly efk ,g"l 'iq c"eig 'b jxk) gilvn yi` z"eya r"re ilecbn l"vf fef`n gilvn 'x yecwd oe`bdl ,(my ,c"ae `ed eyry dyrna ,qipez xira mipiirnd ixia`e


zaeyza y"nke ,envr oney elk`i `le ahex elk`iy
mei lka miyrn m` dy` xiibl oi`eyip eyr xak miigxf`

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oiiprl ,zexbd zece` :l"fe cer azk (`"l 'iq c"ei) b"r`c ,azk (h"k 'iq b"g) al zenelrz 'd ,`pic n"n ,qepki `l dxiibzpe zixkpd lr orhpd l"iiwc i"r mi`eyp mdy cere ,dpnn mipa el yi xaky `kid ahen ,mipt meya mcixtdl xyt` i`y ote`a dlynnd

mei lka miyrn oke ,y"r xecd x`t xtqa m"anxd 'it` miigxf` oi`eyip eyr xak m` ,dyi`d xiibl dt c"kr ,mcixtdl xyt` i`y mrhn ,mipa mdl oi` .y"r

l"vf y`yn sqei 'x oe`bd zrc dtigl iy`xd axd k"g`e ewexn q`pwn c"a`
oir zniy liayay mi`exy mixb x`ya elit` ,`id dawp m` oke ,xiibzdl e`a dixar dy`a eede inc carick wgcd zryye ,uext xecdy iptn d`xe .y"r (`"iq g"qx 'iq) c"eia y"nke ,mixb zece` :l"fe (l"zz 'iq my) zxg` daeyza cer ik ,ieyr eyry dnc ,oir milrdl aeh ,zxeibd ly c"a daxc`e ,mixb xiibl dkinq jixv oi` min extqa k"ke ,y"r ,'eke dfa iticr zeheicd zece` :l"fe (g"w 'iq) c"ei miyecw min wlga miig mipade ,mipa dl yie ,l`xyi oal d`eyp zixvep dy`d d`a dzre ,l`xyie dyn zck exiibzp ,xiibzdl `ad lk xiibl df xac ,'eke xiibzdl ixr lkae ,axrnd ixr lka mewn lka `ed heyt .daeyzd lk jxe`a y"r ,qipehe o`ixi'bl` ,(d"qyz 'iq a"g) miazknd xve` xtqa oke sqei 'x oe`bd ,axrnd ipax ilecbn cgeind cg`l qpw`n xirl iy`xd axd didy ,l"vf y`yn
'x oe`bd zecr l"vf y`yn sqei mei lka miyrny xaky `kid xiibl mi`eyp mi`eyipa miigxf`

axdn l`yp ,dtig xirl iy`xd axd k"g`e ,ewexn d`eyp `idy zixvep zece` ,l"f giila mdxa` dzre ,mipy dnk df `zeklnc `pica l`xyil ,dpikyd itpk zgz qpkil dxdh gex da dvpvp l`yp xak ,aiyde ,`l m` dze` milawn m` giila miig iax oe`bd `ed) l"vf jia` xn b"dxd ceak xry xtq lr xryd gzt 'itd xagn ,l"f ,df lr (dixi'bl`a o`qnlz xira c"a`x dide ,'d eyr oky azke ,dze` oilawny dkex`a aiyde ep` mb dyrn epiyr oke ,yly minrt dyrn ,xg` wqta lwdl jix`d cere .k"r ,daxd minrt

l"vf dkln dyn 'x oe`bd zrc ewexna iy`x ax miptlne dewz gztl iy`xd axd
dxezd ler mnvr lr elawiy ixg` mze` milawn xg` eniiwi `l ile` yeygl yiy s`e ,zeevnde xy`l mze` mixidfne ,mze` milawn df lk lr ,zexbd mbe dy`d z` mb ,mnvr lr elaiwy dn lk miiwle oi` ik ,mi`xg` c"ad oi` ,eniiw `l m`e ,lrad z` .`ailc `pkeza qpkil z"eya dkln dyn iax oe`bdl ,`vnz ef gexae ieb :l"fe ezpwqna azky ,('b 'iq) r"d` mind dewn mi`eyp zixkep `ypy l`xyie ,zil`xyi `ypy ,dpey`x mrta mze` migec ,xiibzdl e`ae ,miigxf` dy`d m` cgeinae ,xiibzdl mivn`zn mdy epi`x m`e ,dipa mr xiibzdl zyxece mipa xak mdl yie zixkp
xak mi`eypya yi ,zigxf` m` mxiibl lwdl mivn`zn ep` oi`e xiibzdl `l m` mi`xg` k"g` eniiwi elaiwy zeevnd

xeiba lwdl mevr ceqi miednd daeyza m"anxd epiax ixac


oiaiign okle ,dyxbl jixv dxez oicny aiyde ,dnr lka elczyiy ,daeh `l xy` ef dreny xg` oic zia dpxxgyiy e` z`fd dn`d yxbl zenevrze fer leki epi` dxxgzype dgtyd lr orhpd ik s`e ,dp`yie e`iady dn ,minrt dnk epxkfd lirl dpde lecb oefg zn`ae ,daeyza m"anxd ixac miwqetd 'iq) xecd x`t z"eya m"anxd epiaxl epi`x ep`vn cgiizn dide eziaa dieb dgty wifgdy ina ,(a"lw
m"anxd ixac x`ta daeyza a"lw 'iq xecd


m"anxd zrcl zpwz iptn miayd oicn minlrzn m` ik epi`y dligzkl xikfd `ly dn oiipr m"anxd ,zeevnd zlaw dizhiylc meyn dpi`y lif` `kde ,zakrn zpwz meyn ied miayd carick

el`k mixaca epwqt xy`k ok` ,dligzkl dp`yil epxn`e ,miayd zepwz iptn jk epwqte ,`yie yxbiy mxne` lr epknqe ,envr oney `le ahex lk`iy ahen l`de ,dp`yil lekie ,jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl zr ,jilica lk dxiq` epl xaic xy`k epiper xtki eingxa .adfd l"kr .dyn azke .de`xy miwqetd lkl ceqi oa` dyny ef daeyze epl in ik ,mipexg`d zexeca micxtqd inkgl hxtae ,miayd zpwzl zeitev eipir xy` ,dyn yi`dn lecb ,`ven oi`y d`xe ,lk iptn zgi `l ix`d alk eale zeceqid z` dyrnl epnn epcnle ,`xizidc `gka wqte `edy xacae ,dligzkl edf orhpd oice li`edc milecbd
zaeyzy dyny m"anxd zexeca ceqi oa` lawl mipexg`d zeyi` myl zexb

lr xearl xyt` ,xzen caricay `ed oicdy dligzkl k"l`y ,miayd zpwz iptn epnn mlrzdle dligzkld ohw xeqi` lr xeariy sicre ,dzeiba dzi` x`yi d`xed dxene oiicde ,daxda lecb xeqi` lr xeariyn dnle ,"jzxez extd 'dl zeyrl zr ik" zrcl jixv dze`l mikxvpd xeibd ixwir m"anxd azk `l oniqa) oekpl xfrig`d mb wiicy enke ,zxxgzynd dze` lv` xeib ly oipr mey jixvd `ly (e"k zeevn zlawe dliah mb my didy xyt`e zxxgzyn dpyna lif` ezhiyl m"anxd ik xacd heyte ,y"r iptne ,carica xb ied 'eke edericed `l elit`c dxez efd daeyzd t"re ,caric aygp f"k miayd zpwz .l`xyi ilecb dyrnl exed ,dxe`le

,mixeqi`d zxneg lewyl yi daeyza m"anxd zrcl xzei mixeng mixeq`n dgtyd lr orhpd ly lw xeq` lr xearl sicre
ztki` `l dfe ,mizty zefl meyn `ed qepki `ly zr" meyn ok m` ,dgty dcera dzi` ig ixdy ,el ahen meyne ,miayd zpwz meyne" ,'dl zeyrl ,dp`yil el xizd ,'eke zehegy zezenz xya elk`iy miax myn eknzqd (b"ida dilry my) daeyz enk dze`a dpicy x`eank dgtyd oipra m"anxd azk df dpde ,mpecpl mipexg`dn `iady ycw didi `l" llka dgtye car zliray ,qelwpe`d xiibzdl d`ad diebd oipra y"ke ,"dycw didz `le qepki `le oixiibn oi` dligzkl wxc zey` meyl xyt` i`y mi`ex m`y ,mizty zefld meyn m"anxd dxedy enkc heyte ,mxiibl ahen ,myixtdl meyl xiibzdl d`ad dieba ez`xed didz jk ,dgtya .dp`yiy zey` itly ,dfa m"anxd ly eixacn cenll yi cer dwel df ixd zeyi` jxc diebd lr `adc `ed oicdy m"anxd y"nk "ma ozgzz `le" xn`py ,dxezd on ,zepfa el dcgi m`e ,(`"d a"it) d`ia ixeqi` zeklda oi`y t"r` df oere ,(a"d my) f"byp meyn dilr aiig ,cqtd ea yi `l` ,jipira lw idi l` ,c"a zzin ea epa epi` diebd on oady ,ezenk zeixrd lka oi`y okle ,y"r ,mieba wacdl mxeb df xace ,(f"d my) dgty wifgny mc` ly df xeqi` lwy m"anxd xy`k ,zepzg jxc ied i` ,jytp dnn if` ,eziaa dieb edf oiicr ,zepf cvn ied m` mbe ,dxezd on exeqi` dpxxgyiy sicr okle ,ce`n lecb ecqtde ,xeng xeqi` ,mixenge miax mixeqi` lr xeariyn ,dp`yie dpxiibie xeqi`d lke ,dxezd on dil `xiq` `l `din `zydc
cenll yiy dn ixacn cer l"pd m"anxd

ezrcn m"anxd zhiyk hwp q`ingp oa c"xdn oencwd oe`bd mby


`l` xaca xeqi` o`k oi` dp`yi m`c 'nba x`ean 'nba opixn`ck ,'ek "dt zeywr jnn xqd" meyn oecpac heyt xacd k"`e ,'eke inp dligzkl d"` zn`zpe xacd rcep xaky ,frl zyyg `kilc fld xacd oekpy xyt`e ,dqpekl lekic ,dilr `ay `le dhegy dzenz xya lk`iy ahenc ,ok zeyrl xtqa z`aend daeyza q`ingp oa

c"xdne

d"ca azk ,(d"n 'iq b"g) y"gxdnl miig zxez m` ,ef dgty oae`x xxgyi m` ,dl`yd l` `ea`e a"ta opzc `de ,dqpekl leki xne`e ,dqpekl leki zixkpd lr e` dxxgzype dgtyd lr orhpd zenaic ,`ivei `l qpk m`e qepki `l df ixd dxiibzpe

oa c"xdn azk q`ingp ezgty xxgyac leki ,dilr `ay dqpekl


`kid k"`e ,dxiibzp df liayae dilr `ay exn`i lekiy `hiyt ,zn`zpe xacd rcepe dilr `ay axd d`ex did eli`e .c"zkr .dligzkl dqpekl lr yy did ,ef `xaqa encw xak m"anxd epiaxy .ax lly `venk eixac

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`kidc mixexa mixacde .dlap dzenz xya lk`i dilr orhpykn wfg xzei `ed frld mcew dilr `ac ,lew `l` `kilc oeeikc ,xacd zn`zp `ly cal `a `lc exn`ic ,dxiibzp df liayay exn`i `l ,i`cea dilr `ayk la` ,dxiibzp dpevxne dilr

bdpna wifgdl yiy


oiyyeg oi`c jl `ni` mlerl ,eilr micner ep`y bdpna elit` jiiyc ,`ed `lc ,dkld mewna bdpnl ,"elhal oi`e bdpnd gk dtic ,mewn lka dey oi`y bdpn miiwl mely ikxc iptn o`k yic eizeceqi jneze
`ed bdpnd meiw dxez ceak

xi'bl`) z"n` inkg ixacn x`azpy

xg`ne

`ad lk mzqa xiibl bdpndy l"pd (qipez ewexn cgi mixyewn mdy `kid zeyi` myl xiibzdl 'iq) b"g al zenelrzd y"nke ,miigxf` oi`eyipa ,(a"i sirq g"qx 'iq) c"eig mely depae ,('l-h"k epxene ,('d ze` `"iw 'nr) mixb zekld mixvn xdpae a"g) xne` riaia `"hily i"rxbd oxn l"y`xd epaxe i"xdn zaeyz z` o`k `iadl ie`x ,('e ze` b 'iq miig ze`vez dpnny ('b ze` iriyz yxey) oelew ezceqiy df bdpn oky lke ,mibdpnd ly lecbd mgkl :w"ixdn l"fe ,l"pd mler ilecb ycew ixxda dzid xy`k e`xwi `ly zegnl ecia didy `hiyte" bdpn zepyl dvx `l ikd elit`e ,dhep ezrc eidy `hiytc ,mipencwd zea` it lr bedpd zenewnd elit`e ,zevnde dxezd it lr bdpn erawe dxez ipa rawed bdpndy `kid bdpn xza opilf` dkldd cbpk e`vniy il xexa mpn` .c"kr ,"mewnd inkg it lr m` mbye ,zei`xa df cbpk eazkiy minkg icinlz ip` la` ,exwerl yiy zerh bdpn edf ,bdpn did ze`vez dpnn ik l"pd w"ixdn zaeyzl aey xfeg daeyzd lka ahid oiirnd ik ,mibdpnd oiprl miig d`xedde bdpnd gk wfgl" azek w"ixdny ,d`xi my ,"dkld lhan bdpny xne`y inlyexid ixac t"r zeidl d`xp `edy b"r`e ,xwir bdpndy" my xiaqne di`x `iadl yiy" siqene ,"zvwna dkldd cbpk oiprl 'it`e bdpn xza opilf` dkldd cbp elit`y ,bedp `nlr ilekc bdpna ip`yc xnel oi`e ,xeqi` dfd oecpa `veik zg` dpicna `l` epi`y bdpna la`

inkg ixacn x`ean z"n` myl mixiibny eidy lk zeyi` mcew mi`eyp zigxf`

on xa cere" :l"fe my `aeny sipq cer yie ,mewnd .dxezd ceak `ed bdpnd meiwy xg`n ,oic on xae oic miiwl `ed xeavd ceakc `hiytc xg`nc ,cer mye mda yiy zebdpnd xezql `ki` dlecb `citwe mbdpn cra mixacn mixacde .a"yr ,"xeavd ceak meyn

i"xdn ixac oelew

w"ixdn ixacn cenll yi oiipra eppecipl miiwl xeibd xiibl bdpnd xak mi`eypya zigxf`

dpin oec la` ,xg` oipra ixii` my ik s`e .mnvr miiwl axd azky minrhd lk hrnky ,oixz`a iwe`e mb mikiiy ,dxezd cbpk `edy mewna elit` mibdpn zlefe ,dligzklc oicd cbpk dfy idi el ,xeibd oipra ,lirl iz`ady ezaeyza m"anxd da hwpy dyibd zexyr iptln l`xyi ux`a o`k d`xedde bdpnd dpd oeivl oey`xd oebk miwdaen d`xed ixen t"r ,mipy dkln dyn 'xe izay ediwfg 'xe l`ifer g"nva iax xeibd oipra lwdl mnr miyecw lke mixvn xdpde enk k"g` zeevnd eniiwi `l m` s`e zeyi` myl mixyray wx ,lirl iz`ady enke mdixtqa d`xzy lk miyirxny lecbd yrxd awr zepexg`d mipyd oi` hrnky cr dketd dnbn dzidp ,minxeb ipin yyeg eala myd z`xiy in lk ik ,xzei oixiibn on df dpd ,xnel ,zepezird ixlal eilr eriaviy ,z`f elikyi enkg ele ,mytpl mi`xie ,miliwnd yiy 'qezd eazky enke ,xacd mdl ceakl `axc`y y"n oiire ,mixb ipta zlc lerpz `lye ,xeiba lwdl .o`kl sxve xtqd zncwda

mecwd bdpndy iptln ,i"`a mipy zexyr myl zexba lwdl `lya s` zeyi` lk eniiwi zeevnd

xza opilf` rawedy bdpnd minkg t"r cbpk elit` dkldd

lhan bdpndy t"r`e dkld cbpk d`xp `edy zvwna dkldd

' ) (, " ) " "(, , , , " , " , , ", " )" ' "( ", " " )" ' '( ", " " )" '(, , .
('e ze` 'b 'iq r"d` a"g xne` riai z"eya `"hily sqei dicaer epax l"y`xd oxn)

zey` myl zexba lwdl ehwpy fpky` inkgn miwqetd ilecb zrc
xak mi`eypya xiibl lwdl m"yxdn oe`bd zrc
'iq r"d`g) sqei zkxa z"eya r"re .ok zexedl yi xak ixd ,orhpa wx ixiin m"anxdc s`e ,dfa (e"h `axc`e ,dlgzkl xeqi` wx `ed dilr `aa mbc x`azp t"kr okle ,ith liw dilr `ay reciac `xaq yi .c"zkr xizdl yi b"dka
ixacn `veid m"yxdn

oica :l"fe (h"w oniq e"g) m"yxdn z"eya azk ,mkzpicna x"dera zrk eedzpy zeaexrzd i`eyp i"r jetidl oke ,zeixkp miyp z` mil`xyi e`ypy e`ay mdn yie ,mipa eclie ,lieeiv `xwpd ze`kxr `iade ,mlenle mdipae md xiibzdl zeixkpd miypd zenaia x`eand oicn ,mlawl xq`y cg` mkg mya zixkpde dgtyd lr orhpdc (`"i oniq) r"d`e (c"k) oe`bd jix`d xak oicd seba dpde .qepki `lc exiibzpe ,(l"x 'iq) w"dn c"ehh z"eya c`xan l"f w"yxdn `wecc x`eanc ,(h"kw yxy) w"ixdn zaeyzn `iade zefld wfgny meyn ,xeq` `nlra lewa orhpa devn ,dilr `ay mqxetne xexiaa ercia la` ,mizty mbc gken my y"ae i"wenpd oeylnc s`e ,dpqpkiy lr wleg w"ixdnc l"i ,qepki `l micra s`e recia 'iq) xecd x`ta m"anxd zaeyz `iade ,'eke i"wenpd yegl yiy b"dkac yxetn ixd ,miiqe ,l"pd (a"lw livdl dlgzkl wx `edy df xeqi` xizdl ie`x ,'eke mya `"nxa ok yxetn f"rw 'iqay zn`ae ,zeytp ,xizdl yi drx zeaxzl e`viy yegl yi m`c ,w"ixdn c"cpa mbc yxetn m"anxa ixd la` diepta mzdc `l`

m"yxdnd zrc ly mzexba lwdl i`eypa mi`eypd zaexrz

dyrnl mikqne jled m"yxdn oe`bd mby ixd iptn df ixg`y ze`a jenqa dp`ia`e c"ehehd zhiyl llk oecl qpkp `ly epi`x t"kre ,dxne` zeaiyg d`xpe ,didz ji` elld mixiibznd ly zeevnd zlawa oi` dkldlc ,lwdl yi df hxtac el xexac meyn dfc xninl `kile .zakrn mzlawe zeevn zvwn zrced xexa dfc ,eheytk zeevn ler dilr zlawna ixiinc dtexi` zevx`a dzeiba dcera dgwly df yi`c dxez xney epi` ,dnxetxde dlkydde ytegd ztewza icedik zaya yeciwk ohw wlg xney ile`e ,zeevne

myl zxiibznd xacd oi`eyp lkly xexa didz xzeid zizxeqn l"q k"tr`e m"yxdnl xeibl oilawnc

`al eic ,ezngn zxiibzny z`f i`ce k"`e ,izxeqn z`f lkae ,epnn xzei xenyz `le oecpk zeidl oicd on jgxk lre ,lwdl xbelw y"xdne m"yxdn oe`bd ewqt zeevn zlaw ly df hxta lwdl edl `hiytc meyn .wece


minirpa milag z"ey lra oe`bd zrc mb ax onf cgi excyk zey` myl zexba lwdl
zenai dnly zk`ln 'qa d`aen ef daeyze) ,y"r dxed xake ,(m"anxdn `idy azk `le (g"n a"t) axdy (h"nw 'iq `"g) oeiv oipa 'qa oiire ,owf mibdep ezpicnay azk o`nrl ilztp awri 'x l`eyd mdl xizdl zeixkp miyp e`ypy mze`a lwdl ,(q"y 'iq b"g) m"yxdn k"ke ,mzexb xg`l mniiwl ,mipy rax` df `eewq`na dyrn epiyr jke .c"kr ,mipaxd znkqda zexbd xg` `ypdl mdl epxzdy

,l"vf hx`aiexb ail dcedi 'x oe`bdl iz`vn oke xiibl lwdl ,(a"r 'iq b"g) minirpa milag z"eya `l m` elit`e :l"fe ,ax onf cgi mixc xaky `kid ax onf cgia exc xaky oeik l"pd welg lr jenqp m"anxd zaeyz lr jenqpe e`ea ,y"yl mzpeek lry dgtyd lr orhpa 'ky a"lw 'iq xecd x`ta ik s`e ,dp`yie dze` xxgyiy lczydl c"ad dp`yil leki epi` dxxgzype dgtyd lr orhpd 'eke miayd zpwz iptn jk epwqt ok` ,dligzkl

'x oe`bd ixac ail dcedi z"eya hx`aiexb minirpa milag

dfa lwdl wqty xbelw y"xdn oe`bd zrc


zrcepd (a"lw 'iq) xecd x`t zaeyza m"anxd epax ilecb eknq ,miayd zpwz ceqi lr dyrnle ,lwdl miceb` xakya el xizdl lirl izxkfdy miwqetd .mcewn mdl exizdy mipecpd mze` lk op` ifgip `zyde ji` ,`ivedl oi`y qpk xakk l"edc miceb` xakyk witqn m`d ,zeevnd zlaw oiiprl mdil` qgid didi iede ibq dfae ,'eke oiriceny oxne m"anxd ixac hytk
`l wqet s`y xeiba dpzd ,xakn mi`eypd zeevn meiw `aekirl

d`eypay dpedk igxtd y"n izxkfd lirl dpde ixtqa daxd dxkfp ef `xaq zn`ae ,qpk xakk ied enr d`eypd xiibl xizdl dyrnl eknqyk ,axrnd ipe`b edfy orhpd oic jiiy `l ez dfay ,miigxf` oi`eypa ilecbn cgeind cg` azk dfl dnecae ,dligzkl wx oic zrce mrh aeh z"eya xbelw y"xdn fpky` inkg i"yxe q"ya yxetnc oeikc ,(l"x 'iq) w"ecdn c"eig lewdy exn`iy miizty zefl gkn dp`yil xeq` jklc dcen epi`e dilr `ay reci oi` m`a gpizd k"` ,zn` zefl `kil k"` ,dilr `ay reci m` la` ,xaca okle ,dligzkl elit`e dqpekl xzen didie miizty ,'eke elk`i ahen drx zeaxzl `viy yyg yic `kid 'iq) oelew i"xdn epiax ixacn `zriiq dfl `iade zry jl oi`c" ,epecpa w"ixdnd ixac md jke ,(h"kw ,drx zeaxzl `vz ot e"g yegl yic ,efn dlecb wgcd xya lek`ln zehegy zezenz xya lek`l ahene wifgdl `ly ick `l` `nrh ied `l ixdc ,zeliap ef la` ,`nlra zprhpa `wec epiidc xnel yie ,lewd ,'eke lewd z` wiqtdl xyt` i` ,dipiy oia dqixky .y"r "dpqipki m` dicicl s` i`d ilek dnibt `kile oky `iady ,(d"q 'iq) f"hg xfril` uiv z"eya oiire ,('b 'iq) z"ecdn iy zxeyz z"eya lwdl dkldl dlrd sexivae ,dligzkl m` ik epi` orhpd oicy oeeikn `l m` miipir ze`x itle ,drx zeaxzl `viy yygd zia z"eya k"kye .y"r ,dzeiba dnr xeci el xizp mb y"nl df sxve ,('` 'iq milyexi oipa 'hpew) on`p
zxeyzd c"ky on`p ziade iy y"xdn mby hwep xbelw inkgk dkldl axrnd

rpkzydle mdilr cenrl yi m`d e` ,zevnd zlaw wqete ax s`c `cg ,aiy` f"re ,miiwl mzpeeky mixizny xak qpk oica azke ltlty exar zexecn rpkzype lawi `l m`y `aekrl df dlz `l ,el miwqetd zlef ,carica 'it`e xb epi` zeevnd miiwiy epxec inkgn mb ,ynn mipexg`d zexeca fpky` inkgn xacy epgked xak ixd epgp`e ,df xg` df ekynpy yi zehytn dlerd t"r od ,dxe`kl wcev epi` df epwiicy dna od ,m"anxd ixac svxe inlyexid zlawy 'b sirq g"qx 'iqa y"na r"yd ixac zxizqn ,zakrn dpi`y a"i sirqa my y"nl ,zakrn zeevn c"tr xwirae ,(`"t) lirl oiir itp` dnka epayie wx `id ,zakrny zevn zlawy dinirce dpedk igxtd `ly xnelk ,xac lkl l`xyike wcv xb ezeid oiiprl `ly oiiprl `l la` ,ezi` xagzdle ezte epiin zezyl ,ipelig `xwpd icedin rexb df didi `lc ,icedi aygi mbe ,micxtqd zevx`a d`xedd ilecb ebdp jk dyrnle ixac calne ,ef dyiba ehwp miax fpky` inkg lv`

ipica zxg` daeyza dpd ,l"pd daeyza c"eheh axd s` zexb myl lne lah m`c ,azk (`"iw 'iq) mixb ,i`cea dxezd on xb ieed ,dligz zevn eilr laiw `lc azky dn lre ,opaxc wx ied dligz zeevn ler zlawc el dpr ,xb epi` zeevnd zlaw ilac l`eyd axd el
s` c"ehehdl laiw `la dligz zeevnd dxezd on xb ied ler zlawe dligz zeevn opaxc wx ied

,jetidl `ed izrcle ,df dil `hiyt oipn izrci `l law `l oiicrc s` zexb myl lahe ln m` i`cec ji` a"yre .y"r dxezd on t"kr xb ieed zeevnd igxtd ixac zelbp zelbdae ,r"yd ixac zxizq ayiin .ux`d dhwy dgp dpedk

lwin wcv ipa` z"eya xnh`qn miealhiih l`izewi iax oe`bd mby
`dc ,t"kr `id zxeib zwfga k"tr` ,mixeqi` oiire) .a"yr ,dxf dcear zcaer epi`x `l n"n b"ge `"k ze` a"kw 'iq `"g wgvi zgpn z"ey jl enldi `le ,(l"nk`e lirl y"nre ,h"v 'iq ixaca epzhiy itl m` ik wcv ipa`d ixac .w"ece m"anxd xnh`qn oe`bd ixac k"b jl eayiizi f"tle ('q 'iq) wcv ipa` z"eya miiealhiih l`izewi iax oi` ,xac zngn xiibzny yyg yi m`c ,azky ocic oecpc b"dkae ,dligzkl eze` oilawn c"ad ,mipy dnk df dxiibzp xakc ,dfa dpin `wtp oi` dcare l`xyi zca dbdpzd `ly mixne`y s`

dxed oky oe`bd dyrnl xnh`qn

lwdl od`ftl`ee g"xbde 'uciixbn l"vf xk`nheb `"xbd zrc


yxity ,zexrdd seqa lirl izazky dna `xfrd oaa clepde miypd lk `ivedl ,('b ,'i) `xfra aizkc dna maxwl epiid ,wgxl e` axwl dpeekd ,'d zvra mdn `vnp `l xy`e azke ,exiibi `la mwgxl e` ,exiibi m` `ly mdipiay mi`iapd erciy xn` ,odn in axwzpy .dia`end zexk dpidz
`kid wgxl oi`y e`yp xaky

xk`nheb edil` 'x mqxetnd oe`bdl iz`vn oke 'iq) c"ei eizeaeyza ,'uciixbn oe`bd dpeknd l"vf oiipra ,l"vf od`ftl`ee miig 'x oe`bdn l`ypy ,(d"t mi`eypa xakn mi`eyp mdy `kida mixb zlaw ,xizdl zexaq azk g"xbde ,micli mdl yie miigxf` xk`nheb `"xbd ly dxez zrc ezrc zeeg z` ywiae lka dnkega xk`nheb `"xbd ltlty xg`e ,l"vf :l"fe azk ,zrce mrh aeha mayiie dfa yiy zeyygd dfka cqgzdl `ly aeigde devnd ze`xd ornle dn lr eazky dn wizr` ,dfd wqrd dgec zeidl `az drx xg` drx (a"r h"w zenai) 'nba `zi`c oi`iyny ikid epiidc i"x xn` ,`zi` ,mixb ilawnl od m` la` ,cin eze` oilawny e` xiibzdl eze` eyprpy epivn ixdy ,mlawl epl yi xiibdl mivn`zn dz`ay rpnzl elaiw `ly awrie wgvi mdxa` wtpe ,eyr oa ftil`l yblit dzide dklde ,xiibzdl oixcdpqa opixn`ck ,l`xyil edpixrvc wlnr dpnn 'qezd e`iade ,dpefd agx law ryedi mbe ,(.h"v) oivn`zn eid `ly cer dnkn (drx d"c my zenaia) zeidl mteqy lld did rceiy ,elaw d"t`e xiibzdl .mixenb mixb mihtey m` wgxdd `wec didiy ,`ed llk okl izi`xc ,`xfra did dfe ,daehl `ean oi`y rxd ezcin

`"xbd ixac g"xbde xk`nheb dfa od`ftl`ee

xaky oeeik wgxl yi dn ,epiptly oecipa dzrn 'qezd mya lirl epazky mixacd od ode ,e`yip ciqgd cec laiwy dna ,(`l d"c a"r c"k sc zenai) izi`a eligzd 'qezdy ,dyw dxe`klc .izibd izi` z` mdl did xaky evxize ,elawzpy drxt zae izibd seqa lelkl exfg `l recne ,mze` ceygl oi`y dlecb 'qezd evxizy enk ekxc aihiy hty cec mby mdixac drixd drxt za zn`a `d j` .xbd eze`a lld lr `yixc mdixaca epl ricedl mivex 'qezd mbe ,seqa yi wx m` ,aeh didiy di`x oiicl oi` m` mby oic el did xaky oebk daeh xear enrh oi`y dzr dhity

oivn`zny `kid yi ,xiibzdl s` zexbl mlawl myl mipeekzny m` rpnze ,zey` gikez wlnr

xn`y `kid myl xiibzny oiicd d`exe ,xac aihdl eteqy exiibl jixv ekxc

mb ,oic cer 'qezd opireny` seqae ,elawl yi ,daeh dad`y d`xne daeh xear yexita xbd xn`y `kid lr xn`c lldc `caera oebk ,dfa el yi xaca dielzd z`ay zegpnc cinlz i`de ,lecb odk didiy zpn ,cinlz eze`l `ypzy zpn lr dxiibl dxn`e dyi` oir zi`x oiicdl didiy jixv efa j` ,xzid yi dfa mb .seqd lr hetyl

mircei xy`k mdn `ean oi`y jdk daehl oi` `xfrc mxiibl


oi`y `hiyte .`xnegd zxin`a hrnl daxd wifgdl f"n) zenai 'nba xn`pd t"kr la` ,dfn rexbl `ed oke ,eilr oiwcwcn oi`e eilr oiaxn oi`e (a"r ly oxky zxin`a qitdle ,('a sirq) g"qx c"eia dti odl mbxzl yi ,r"eya x`eank lkd ,zeevn ick df xaca oikix`ne r"eyd y"nk ,siqedle .oaagl
dcnzypa oekp ,iebl z`ype livdl ick elawl drxf z`e dze` zvw `edy s` oicd cbp

-
`yixk ixnbl ied epiptly `caeray

oeeike

dripn oi`e ,xzei hetyl llk epl jixv `l ,'qeza oi`y o`k oi` `ld dfe ,jtidl dhity yi m` wx i`ceay myc ,zaexrzda z`fk d`xy `xfrk epgp` cer df oecipa yie .miryx wx mdn `eai `l l`xyil mixb miywy mixacd cvn axwl gxkd `d lr (a"r b"i) dcpa azk i"yxc ,zgtqk m`y meyn miyxtn yiy ,l`xyil mixb miywc dfa df miaxr l`xyi lky zeaxr epl yi mi`heg dnle ,`xwn df lr cenil (h"l) zereaya `zi`ck gkenc i"yx dgce .zene`d on cer siqedl epl j` ,mixb cra miaxr l`xyi oi`y (f"l) dheqa `ld dzrn .mdiyrnn l`xyi oicnl `ny mrhd mkgzdl epilre ,md miaxr t"kr l`xyia l`xyi xewn `ede ,exag `hg lhal epigeka xy` lka oiqipkny df oecipa k"`e ,(h"l) zereayc `xwd ,`id `hgz m` cqtd epl oi` ,z"cl ezy` z` x`ype dze` oilawn oi` m`e ,zeaxr oi` dilry ,`ziixe`c e`le opaxc dcp lr xearl e`hga `ed aeig yi daxwl df wqr i`ce okl ,zeaxra op` .epilr epl dn ,mixbd on oicnly yegl yiy xearae on oicnle oiaxrzn xy` dfd onfa z`fk xen`l zepiga lky daxd itk aexwe ,xzede ic mixkpd ,zil`xyi oicelidn xzei s` oiwcwcn zxeibdy mizek lr 'c oilega `zi`c dnl aexw izrnye ,l`xyin xzei oiwcwcn daxd ,oiwifgny ozgl liaya wx zcl eqpkpy zexeibe miyp daxd l`xyi ipic lka oiwcwcn k"g` eide ,l`xyia sc) oiyeciwa 'qezd eazk xy`ke .`ltd jxca miyw xn`nd yxity ,xb mdxa` 'xd mya (`"r i`dk idiy yegl yiy ori ,l`xyil mixb z`a" dxn`y ziztxvd dy`da ,f"h '`-miklnc `ed ok ,xzei wicv dz`y ori "iper xikfdl .xzei oiwcwcny mixbda :df oeyla ezaeyz xk`nheb `"xbd

,xiibl yi ,wtqa gehay `kid wxe mryxa ex`yiy xiibl oi`

c"r :(e"t oniqa) ezaeyza cer x`ean

oke

,iebl z`ype mipy 'd dcnzypy dy`a ezl`y oa epnn xak dl yi mbe zxaern `id dzre ...miclidl mbe zicedi zcl qpkl mivexe ,zae oigec epiid eli`k ied eze` oilawn `l m` `kd opi` miphwd df caln mbe ,miicia k"b dze` oekp i`ce ,mqpe`a elicbi seqale miqep`k wx cbp zvw `ed m` s` k"b eze` lawle mlivdl .oicd

mpi` mixbd l`xyie ,zeaxra m` okl ,zeaxra zxeibd `hgz oi` ik ,yyg oi` ,dilr zeaxr dlra k"`yn `ed l`xyid yie zeaxra ei`hg hrnl

aygp df oi`y llka c"adl dkfiy ick `hg dnkn jxag minrh

`hg mc`l mixne` oi`y llka c"adl df oi`e 'qezd eazky caln ,epi` df ...exiag dkfiy liaya enk dlecb devn zeyrly ,'c zaya df oic mewna `kid 'a uexiza mbe ,`hg dfl opixn` diaxe dixt obna mbe ,eryt `l miclid o`k mbe ,ryt `lc `l o`k ,el`k mixizd yi e"y q"q g"e` mdxa` zenai enewna 'qezd eyxit xakc ,df lkl oikixv oivn`zny oze`l wx `ed milawndl drxc ,(:h"w) ilae oze` oi`iyne oiziqny ,l`xyia mixf axrl mrh yiy dfk ote`a la` ,mda mivex `xaqe mrh `iady i"ad ixaca llkp mbe ,`ed devn ,`xaqe i`ce ,c"ad ipir ze`x itl lkdc g"qx q"qa j"yd f"ry ,(c"k) zenai 'qezd y"nk `ed dpekd zehytc ,daehl didi eteqy mi`ex c"ad m`y i"ad azk jxev yiy c"ad ipir ze`x itl ied dfa mb n"n .xaca

yeygl oi` ,mixbdn ecnliy f"dfa zrky ori mil`xyid mr miaxern d"`lae miebd mdn micnel

mixbd f"dfa oiwcwcn xzei zeevna mil`xyidn

yiy minrh cer mlawl c"al

dligzn opirci m` s` ,dkld wqtd itl `dc c"a ,zexiyr e` zeyi` meyn dyery i`ce mb b"ita m"anxd m`xwe obedk eyr `l mlawy mixb oic mdl yi t"kr la` ,zeheicd d`ia ixeqi`n c"ady `l` ,l`xyi ipic lke zil`xyi m`iydl ...mzaeh xxaziy cr mpin`dl `ly zvw eyegi ,mixb oic mdl yiy dfn `vei lewlw oi` t"kr la` diclie dyi` livdl mrh epl yiy `kid t"kr k"`

miiqne

wxe ,dfd xaca zrcd aeyi mey oi`c c"prl livdl ick dfe ,ixyt`d lka devndl micwdl mbe ,leqt rxf epnn cer clei `ly mbe ,lrad dfa epl yi i`ce ,xak miclepdl oewiz `evnl

mi`eyp xakya mzexba xdnl yi lrad livdl ick icke ,mixeqi`n erxf z` owzl


eli`y xn`i `ly did `l rcei did oi`e ,xiibzn dfa wcwcl ep`y oeeik ,daxd ezexba mipiipern mbt iptn dgtyn

oiicrc xzeiae ,elawl xzeny ,l`xyi oic mdl yiy zeaxa `nlc i"p z"krn yyg lr epl xexa oi` dpen` z` zefal enr dxaic dyi`d mr `edy minid yiy cv jxe`l mb oecl ep` mikixv n"n ...ely eteq t"kr e` ,daehl ezpeek `nlc ezegcl dpkq eid m`y l"pd i"xd azky enke ,daehl didi di`x `iade ,mlawl epl yi xiibdl oivn`zn `hiyt ok lr ...rpnzl egcy ori eyprpy zea`dn
xneg el xnel yi ick l`xyi zc

g"qx 'iqa `zi`c dn itk t"kr enr bedpl yiy azky mrhne ,l`xyi zc xneg el xen`l ,'a 'irq xn`i `ly yeala inp `ede b"nq mya i"ad my oi` i`ce dfae ,ok `ed df lky rci `ly k"g` dfa y"kn ,xb lka r"yd y"nk ,daxd oiwcwcn dgtynd xrve diclie dy`d xear ea mivex ep`c .mdl dfk leqit didi `ly

"crenl oefg" z"ey lra oe`bd zrc


,xiibzdl `ay in lka dligzkl dfa lwdl bdepd ,xbd ly zixg`d ziy`xn cibdl dywy ote`a micedid ix`y enk bdpziy xacd aexw daxc`e didi `le ,d"era eaxzpy devne dxez ler iwxet
crenl oefgd dbdpddy cirn lv` dyrnl lawl exec inkg ote`a s` zexbl xacd aexwy enk ebdpziy micedid x`y lerd iwxet

epizeax ixacn cer uawl y`x dpzp dzrne oebk mipecpa exacy fpky` inkgn xwira mipexg`d zelwdl ecbpzde dikexkk egeevy mdn yie ,el` miaxy ecen md mb la` ,dfa epkx`de xeib ipiipra dziid mzpeek lky dl`k mb xeibl elaiw miaehe crenl oefg z"eya oiir ,dnecke oi`eyip zxhnl iblten dnky ('e 'iq) bxalci` ikcxn iax oe`bdl mye ,xiibzdl mze` elaiw zenewn daxda dxez ,`knq xan izrny xy`a j` ,azk ('b spr seqa) el`k oicaer dligzkl exizdy xexiaa mirceiy dnk ccv mbe .miaxd epizepera uxtp oefg `ede z` `iad ('c spr jezae) .eknq dn lr oicecv

oefgd ixac crenl

`evnl ekxc itl dqip axdy s`e ,mdn sicr ,onw `d n"ne ,gztd `evnl d`lpe dfl migzt `kidc ,ezaeyz miiq xac seqe ,oiyer eid jky epi` m`e ,xb aiyg xity ,dxenb dlaw dziidc ixitn micedid ix`y enk ied k"g` ezecdi xney oe`bdn z"ey dfa yiy izrny xy`a ,w"dez weg ,l`xyi zexiira el`k miyrn eyrpe xzidl w"yx .c"kr ,izkx`d okl

lwdl "aiyn mgpn" z"ey lra oe`bd zrc


e` xeqi`a dnr xeci dpxiibi `l m`y xn`ie `eai dligzkl elawl xzei aeh ,miiytegdn axl jli caricac oeik p"de ,my cere ,oicke zck lkd didiy k"b `iad mye ,dligzkl mlawl lwdl yi ,xb ied mlawl ahenc :(d"t 'iq) c"ei liredl cnln z"eyn (`"lw 'iq) oeiv oipa z"eyae ,eherina rxd xegale yi epipnfac 'k ,oiyeciw xeciqa ziplhw oiiprl iweg t"r ebeecfi mcia dgnp m`y ,mrh cer siqedl mivixtdn oiyecw elawi e` ,oiyeciw `la zeklnd m`e ,'eke xidfdl yi .oiyeciw aiha mircei mpi`y ,dl`k zeyyg yiy mewna repnl oi` ,ecxna cenri c"ade ,zeheicd ly c"a i"r xzei aeh izrcle miiqe ,zeheicd ly c"al el`k mixb eglyi oignen eidi carica t"kry ick oick eyri ji` mricedle .y"r ,mixb lcpn mgpn iax oe`bd dxed efn

dlecbe

sxez biv`e ,(a"n 'iq) aiyn mgpn z"eya mieapyxiw w"yxdnd zaeyz z` my `iady ,epl mikxvpd eixac aey ,eicgi execi d"`lay `kidc ,(l"x 'iq) c"eheha dfe ,dligzkl mlawl xyt`e ,zeyi` meyn o`k oi` oebk ,el` mipecpa xingdl mzrcy miwqetd cbpk zcewt (l"h 'iq b"g) `pipz aiyne l`ey z"eya xirde ,(h"nw 'iq) oeiv oipa (h"t 'iq) c"ei xfrl` ,(a"lw 'iq) xecd x`t zaeyzn exird `ly `ltc cgi execi ,mdl exizi `l m`y epiptly oecpa d"de z` ewifgiy ,rxb dfe ,melk epi`y zexba e` xeqi`a didi t"kry mlawl yi i`cea b"dka ,micedik mnvr ly c"a t"r c"cpa k"` ,my cere ,oicke zck lkd `ed daxc`e ,yyg mey o`k oi` i`cea ,zeheicd m`e ,my cere ,ltepd xg` oa` egci `ly ick ,devn

mgpnd k"ky aiyn

mxiibl sicry execi `ly ick e` xeqi`a zexba exiibziy t"r daeh dpi`y ewifgie dkldd mixbl mnvr zeyrl sicry ly c"a t"r z`f zeheicd

-
xeibd ixcq oiipra ewqte oeqlxiv l"ixdnd ixac

`ly efk dxeng dlwzn dlvd oiprly `hiyte `hiytc llke llk mewn oi` ,rbx mipiixard dl` z` dtxz i"xd zaeyz 'ir) dl`k zexeib zlaw oecpa xingdl .('d 'iq yix upin
b mrh

(b"q oniq c"ei) oepald ivr xtqn `iap oldl xeviwa e`a mixacdy itle ,xeibd ipiipre xcqa .mwizrdl ie`x ,llka xeibd oiiprl ce`n miaeyge 'wa `fexewew i"p dyn 'n ipaxd axev i`dl .`ilifxaa ,`wea-m`pxrt efi` iptl eayiizdy `iqex iccepn mixega xac lr egwly efk dcna mkxc z` ezigyde ,x"zk xira mipy oi`eypd weg t"r ze`kxra zeixkp miyp mdl xiibzdl miypd dl` zevex zrk mpn` ,ip`ilifxad ie`xk l`xyi zca bedple xak ecliy odipa z` lenl .zixar cenll eligzd xake ,xzeny m`ae ,oxiibl xzen m` x"zk l`ey okae .xeibd dyrn xcql ji` dlrd (c"id a"`dn b"it) m"anxdy s` dpd jezn xkipy ,dl` z` xiibl `ly `id dpekpd devndy ,zixng dipt liaya wx `id mzexiibzd lky mpiipr minrhd cvn ,xeibd z` xizdl yi c"cpa n"n .zeyi` zipt `id ezaq ziy`xy s` ,ex`aziy l`xyi ixegal zeixkpd oze` e`yip xakc oeik .` mre ,dlynnd iweg t"r fere swez mdl yiy ,oi`eypa mdl ecli xak mbe ,mdizgz ghal zeayei opd df dn calc ,efn dlecb wgcd zry epiptl oi` ixd ,mipa avna mdizeyp yxbl epl ernyi `l mdd mipiixardy l` miiqenipd oiyexibd z`ved zenvr dpd ,dfk xy` opihwp ixd k"` ,cv lkn c`n dywd xac `ed ,lretd `wqti` `d caric oiprle ,inc carick wgcd zryc lra ixkpd z` xiibe oic ziad xar m`c `zkld xak .(f"id my m"anx) xb df ixd ,zixngd diptd xizdl xity xyt` epiptly wgcd zrya jkld .dligzklc xeibd z` elit` dgty oiprl `icdl opihwp ixd ,z`f zlef .a dax z` oitekc ,xwtd bdpn mrd da mibdepy 'iq c"ei r"ey) leyknd xeqie `ypzy ick dxxgyne dyrd zaeg cbp `id efk `caerc s` ,(h"rq f"qx lry ,ocic oecpa dnke dnk zg` lr ,dax lr zlhend mdilra zgz xak zeayeid miypd oze` xeib ici ,xeng xzeid xeqi`dn mipexg`d z` dfa livp ,micedid

l"ixdn ixac oeqlxiv

xeibc `zl epiptl `ki`c dgpdd itl `ed df lk .b oi` zn`a mle` ,zixng dipt xiibzndl yiy mewna o`ypda zeixkp miypdc oeikc .efk `zll c"cpa mewn itl miniiwde mixixyd oi`eyp i"r micedid mdixigal `linn ,zenlya ozxhn l` xak eribd igxf`d wegd cvn xeibd zti`yn ixnbl dzrn zewleqn opid ixd `le xiibzdl mrtd o`eaa jkld .zeyi` mylc diptd mzeid mr odicli z` lenl mb zepken opidy `l` cer dlecb dgked epl oi` daxc` ixd ,mipy dfi` ipa xak .mly aala l`xyi zca opevxc efn cne` lr jenql xity opivn `peeb i`dka df xace a"r c"k) zenai 'qezd zxezn epcnl dpd ,ecal epzrc hilady ixkpd z` lld xiiby `d mvxza ,(`l d"ceq edeniyiy ote`a wx xiibzn `edy yxetn eziipt z` myl zeyrl eteqy geha didy mrhn `edc ,lecb odk .(drx d"ceq a"r h"w onwl mpeyla oiir) miny dfa dzid lldly 'qezd zpeek oi`c jgxk lr dpde opihwp xak ixdc ,ycewd gex t"r y`xn drici efi` zerced t"r dkldl icin opixen `lc (a"r h"k) n"aa wx o`k dzid lld zricic i`ce `l` ,ocal zeininy zpekz ezeppeazd itl ,`cixb ipxezd ezrc cne` t"r dpedkd ipic z` exeib ixg` exikdac ,eiptly xiibznd rci ,ecenl ziy`xa dpeeka eiptl my lldy l`xyia ,dfxtpd ezipt zenlbzd epnn dabyp dnk cr envrn .dipt uny ila zcd l` `linn exywi dxezay xe`nde lld jnq zyxetn dipt mewna elit` m` ,dzrn ,xeibd xg`l cizra qt`zz diptd efy elky zihp lr zeixkpd oze`n xak dxq diptdy c"cpa `et` k"yk epzrc cne` lr jenql ep` mi`yx i`cec ,oxeib mcew dpikyd itpk zgz zeqgl zewwezyn opid zrky ,dfa .wenr ale axwn
:jk bdpzdl x"zk lr xeibd oipra
xyt`d lkk micxge mipxez dyly ly c"a oinfi .` .dfl df miaexw eidi `lye

l`ypy dl`yd

ozipy di`x lr dfa jenql epzrc ocn` myl mzpeeky miny

ezaeyz

yi ocic oecpay zexbd xizdl minrhdn onwl miiepnd

` mrh

oi`y di`x gexa df ocne` ycewd

mewna m` xbd xn`y yxetna myl xiibzny lld jnq xac myl eteqy oky lk miny diptdy c"cpa mdn dxq xak

a mrh

xeibd xcq df oecpa dyrnl

dl exqniiy mipiiprd liaya dcxg dy` oinfi .a .zexiibznd zliahl rbepa iaxrn epi`y ,meia zeidl dkixv xeibd zcaer lk .b .dlila `le ,miaeh minie zezay mrhn ,ef xg` ef c"ad iptl zeaviizn zexiibznd .c w"en 'qez oiir) zeliag zeliag zeevn oiyer oi`c zg` lkl xne` c"ad y`xe (oi`y itl d"ca a"r 'g g"qx 'iq) c"ei r"ya x`eand z` y`x caeka .my mix`eand mipicd z` odl ricene ,(a"q dliahd zial zexiibznd z` c"ad eglyi ok ixg` .d .dligzn dpnfedy zicedi dze` zxaga uegn ecnrie myl c"ad ixag mb ekli odixg` .e .dliahd zia ilzkl oditeb lk segl zexiibznd zekixv dliahd ziaa .f my wexql mb ,ming min ly zeihan` jeza jezgz df mre ,xriyd zenewn xzie odiy`x ie`xk lkd ,odilbxe odici ipxtv z` zxkfpd zicedid

zxiibznd z` ericeie eaeyi m`eaa .dliahd zia 'd cegi oipr dxvwa mina dqekn zayei `idyk zxiny ,dpenze lqt lk zcear xeqi` ,jxazi ixg` .hxta h"ei zayd zxinye llka dxezd c"ad cnrna oick zxiibznd zlaeh ,z`fd drcedd jeza dcera dliahd xg` skiz dvegd `veid .mind dzaeg .dewndn zxiibznd dler ,c"ad z`v xg` .i dicba yeall wx ,xeaic meya wiqtdl `ly f` icka ,dliahd zian zicedid dze` mr z`vle ,'fpd zicedid mb e` c"ad z`xwd i"r uega jxal epycw xy` ,mlerd jln epwel` ,'d dz` jexa 'x q"eq c"ei y"zt 'ir) dliahd lr epeve eizeevna .(u"ari oe`bd mya cr zexiibzndn zg` lk mr ebdpzi dfd xcqk .olek dpleahzy zeil`xyik opd ,dl` lk oze`ln ixg` skiz .zexenb zxg` dxicl skiz yextl dl`d zexeibd lr ixg` wx mdl zexzen dpiidz xy` ,odilran .l`xyie dyn zck oiyeciwe dteg wx zeidl mileki ,milrad mze`l odi`eyp dpznd ini miryz jyn odilr xear ixg` 'iq) r"d` r"ya opihwpck ,mcew `l ,zeyixta .(d"q b"i

.`"i

.a"i

oze` zck ,sebdn dvivg edyn lk xiqdl icka .ozcpl leahl ze`ad miypd

.b"i

zexiibzndn odicba

zg`

wx

x`yz xzi

dtitgd lke

ixg` .g

dpyalz

dizexag

,dnewna

lk ly dliahd xez ribd cr zekgl dvegd dp`vze

.c"i

.odn zg` mindy efk dxyk dewn jez l` qpkz zx`ypd ef .h 'fpd zicedid lr f` e` .`wec dx`ev cr da eribi jezl eqpkiy uega mikgnd c"ad ixag z` oinfdl

,gny xe` lra l"vf wqpieecn odkd dgny xi`n 'x oe`bd zrc cenll envr lr lawn m` zeyi` myl ieb dligzkl xiibl lwdl
xiibzdl eteqy lld dtev didy enk c"ad ipir zii`xa lecb yyg oi` df cvn okl ,(a"r 'l zay) miny myl riwtny oi`ex ep`y ikid dy` myl xb lawl jk lk ,cenll envr lawne eixed ziae eizea` zyexin envr
yiy mewna dly cny yyg yi cled lye mzpwzl yegl dlra xiible

xaca :azk (a"l oniq) gny xe` zeaeyza dkld dpd .zeyi` myl xiibznd zlaw zece` ezl`y oilawn oi`c b"r`e ,(a"r c"k zenai) od mixb olekc c"id a"eqi`n b"it) m"anxd oeylk dligzkl mze` exiibzpc exn` ok elit`e ,dnlye cec inia enke (e"he ipta mixiibzn eidy ,m"anx yxite ,cece dnly inia inia `l d"c my zenai) zetqezd zhiyle ,oiheicd oeyld aexe ,mze` oigec oi`e mnvrn mixiibzn eid (cec oiqgei dxyr wxt (oiyeciw) inlyexin m"anxd gwl oilawn la` ,oze` oigec oi`e od mixb dkld :(`"d) ielz lkde ,myl exiib `ny mipt aexiw oikixve oze`

l`ypy dl`yd gny xe`d ezaeyze

`yyg `ki`c mewna hxtae ,miny icil `eal eteqy yegl oikixve ,xenb l`xyi `ed zrky cled lye dcic zhiya iyeciga oefg izaxd ikp`c od ,clec `zpwzl gny xe` oiir) zexb `la l`xyi cled m` mipencwd ,l"nk`e ied xenb l`xyic xwird ,(b"d a"eqi`n e"ht dfn `aiy eteqe ,elawl zehiyta xizdl yi df meyne .l"pdke mipt aexiw jixve ,miny myl xb zeidl

oi`c b"r` oilawn ,dligzkl ipta oixiibzna milawn zeheicd m"anxd zrck

ielz lkdy ipir ze`xa c"ad


`l `ztqezdy `l` dxingd dilr `aya `le dxwna dxcy ote`a cr enr dclie dxarzpy

-
`l dxiibzpe zixkpd lr orhpc jdn xird aeye yic zixkpd lr orhpd oia wlige ,(my zenai) qepki iede ,i"yxtynke dzeiba dilr `ac exn`iy frl yyg l"iwe ea mirbet mi`pw `iqxdtae li`ed zeixr ielb ixkpd on zprhpa k"`yn ,xeari lae bxdic df lr ielb ied `l diept l`xyi za lr `ad iebc ,xiibzpe .bxdz `le xearz l"iwe zeixr exn`iy `yyg `ki` orhpa `wecc ,wlig cere `l i`ce ixkpd on zprhpa la` ,dxiibzp df myly `zline ,lendl jixv `dc ,zeyi` myl xiibzpc exn`i ik hxtae ,dyi` zad`l exya jezgiy giky `lc dkiynn zil`xyid lr `ad iebc b"l f"ra exn` lr l`xyia enke jyninl ciar `l edi` la` ,dixza` .y"r ,dieb opiyiigc meyn ,lwdl gny xe`d cciv cer zeidl xizdy xfril` iaxl ep`vn `dc ,clec `zpwzl `ny (a"r c"l zenaia) uegan dxefe miptan yc oiipra `aeh xingn `edy t"r` cled lenbze xarzz meyn df lke ,(`"r b"i) dcpa x`eank ,dlhal rxf (c"i sirq e"y 'iq) g"e`a ep`vn oke ,cled zpwz `"bn oiir cnyn eza livdl zay llgl a`l xizdy `ny yygn exiibl xizdl yiy o`k oky lk ,my
mb lwdl yi cny yyg meyn meyn lwdl yi cled zpwz zenain di`xe a"r c"l yi orhpa `wec exn`iy yegl dxiibzp enyly zprhpa k"`yn leniy giky `l dy` zad` myl `idc hxta dixza` dkiynn dxza` `ed `le

cere ,xeq`c dligzkl elit` yegl oi`e eixg` jynz l`xyi za lr `ad wx dxn` `l `ztqezc `xazqnc ikid `l la` ,dxwna `ay zixkpd lr `ad l`xyi e` ,dixza` dwec` i`ce ,dclie dxarzpy cr enir dxcy `ny `yyg `ki`c ,`yi `lc exingd `l o`ka xeni` qpkdl exizd dlic dzpwz meyne ,drx zeaxzl `vz .zexb myl elawle xiibziyk el

jdn diyew orhpc

`iyewd uexz

xe`d zpwqn xizdl gny `yiy ick exiibl zecdia dze` oad lcbie zecdia

dze` `yile xiibzdl exizdl izrcl d`xp okl h"nw zny in wxta oierie ,zecdia oad lcble zecdia mcew l`eny za lgx lr `a `xeib xeqi`c m"ayxa jk jezae ,ixn ax z` epnid dxarzpe ,xiibzpy ,jk xg` dqpky rnyne ,ixn ax clep k"g`e xiibzp izrc lr jenql iz`xi f"ka ,c"qa izyxitc enk edfe zexecd lk ly oaxl dfl `nbec iz`vny cr ,dfa didy cg`a ,xecd x`t mi`xwpd eizeaeyza m"anxd e` azk ,[a"lw oniqa] dieb ezgty lr orhp leki epi` 'ek lr orhpd ik s`e ,dp`yie dpxxgyiy ,miayd zpwz iptn jk epwqt ,'ek dligzkl dp`yil lekie ,'ek oney lk`i `le ahex lk`iy ahen epxn`e dcice clec `zpwz `ki`c o`k oky lk ,'ek dp`yil eteqle ,xiibziyk eil` `ypdl `ixyc i`ce ,cere wcvd ixbn didie `xeib xeqi`k miny myl xiibzi .c"kr ,(eh ,cp diryi) "leti jilr jz` xbd" miewie

lr jenql yiy ly oax zaeyz zexecd lk lwdl m"anxd

, ' ", , , , , , , , , , , , , ' ) "(, " " ', .'


(a"l 'iq gny xe` z"eya wqpieecn odkd dgny 'x oe`bd)

zey` myl zexba lwdl dnly daeyz xtqa oiihyt` lyit miig 'x oe`bd zrc
c"kr ,mly ala xiibzpc wx ,xiibzp ef liaya .a"yr
oiipra oc `lcn ly zeevnd meiw l"qc rnyn ,xbd df `la mbc zexb ied xity

lyit miig 'x oe`bdl dnly daeyz

xtqa

zey` myl zexba lwdl azk ,('i 'iq) c"ei oiihyt` yygd dpdc ,dfa xnel izrc zeiprl d`xpde :l"fe xiibzn did `l m`y ote`a epiid ,xiibzp ef liayac m` mbc mi`ex epgp` m` la` ,el zivxzn dzid `l xnel jiiy `l f` ,enr ok mb dzid xiibzn did `l

oipra oecl qpkp epi` ezaeyz lk jxe`l dpde gkene ,`l e` mly ala xiibzp m` wx zeevnd meiw ied xity n"n zeevnd miiwi `lc mbdc dil `hiytc .zexb

daeyzd zrc lwdl dnly mby lk xiibl x`yz xeibd `la enir

xizdl b`vx`w c"a` wiy iav dnly 'x oe`bd zrc oyi ote` xira c"ad dyrn eyr okye ,zey` myl zexb
zexigd ozip epiniay ori ipnn ywiae ,oyi ote`a oicd xxal ,dpicna daxd z`fk dnxzi xiibzdl eze` wicvdl g"ndd jix`d daeyzae .izrc el aezkle xdxdl xeq` izrc z`fl :l"fe oyi ote` ly c"ad wqt azk dfa `veike f"re ,oyi ote`a c"ad dyrn xg` ipir ze`x itl lkdy ,lirl iz`ady j"yde i"ad `l dilry ,eletlta `viy axd epl dyr wegve ,c"ad mewna c"a ixac xezql `tixg `ltlt `ah `piax xn` .c"kr ,xg` wiy iav dnly 'x oe`bdl o"ayx zeaeyz xtqa iav 'x oe`bdn l`yp ,(f"l 'iq) r"d` b`vx`w c"a` ax yirxdy dn zece` ,"drz oxpiiee" w"wc ax xyit zixkp xiibl exizd oyi ote`a c"ady dn lr cg` dyly epnn dl dide l`xyi mr mipy dnk dzigy c"a eide ,epia` mdxa` ly ezixaa eqipkdy ,mipa lr d`xde ,l`xyi zca dqipkdl xeq` ori ,zeheicd ,(a"eqi`n b"it) m"anxe (a"r c"k zenai) y"yi ixac c"ad erh `l ezrcly azk b"xcde ,(g"qx 'iq) c"eie
zaeyza mb xiibl lwd o"ayx mr digy zixkp mipy dnk l`xyi epnn dcilede mipa dyely

wilb wgvi mdxa` 'x oe`bdl wgvi ci xtqa mb x`ean ok


zexbd mvr lr wetwt el did `l `l ile`y cvn zeevnd eniiwi

df hxt lr aiydl jix`dy ezaeyza oiire lry x`eane ,e`l m` dpgad iyceg 'b jixv m` ile`y cvn wetwt mey el did `l zexbd mvr mipaxd edevri ok daxc`e zeevnd miiwz `l .dripn mey `la dxiibl heytd bdpnd okye ,dxiibl

yi` zece` l`yp ,(e"px 'iq) wgvi ci z"ey xtqa mipax el evrie xiibzzy n"r zixkp `yil dvxy cg` ernhi `ly icke ,xeqi`a dnr xeci k"l`y ,dxiibl dze` xiibe ,dripn ila dxiibl mibdep m"ekrd oia dkixv m` wtzqn dzre ,`pick 'b ly c"a i"r ezlrn .c"kr ,dpgad ly miycg 'b oizndl

`iad wgvi cia exizd mipaxy zixkp xiibl `l m`y dxwna xeci xiibzz xeqi`a dnir xiibl mibdepy yyg yi xy`k mexiibi `l m`y miieba ernhi

"`xza iyecg" xtq lra oe`bd ixac zeevn zlaw dzid `l elit`e carica zexb iedc zeyi` myl zexba
'iq) w"ecdn zenai iyecig `xza iyecg mqxetnd zeaiyg aex itle ,jxe`a (d"qx ,c"qx ,b"qx ,a"qx mlera rcep oe`b `ed l"pd axd ik mbe ,eixac `iadln rpn` `l okl ,mixacd miie`xe ,zeaiyid .(belica) mxwir miax epivn fpky` ipe`bn mby lirl epazk dpde mzrc dzhpy ,cere dinirce xbelw y"xdnd oebk ,ork cre yixn izazky dn hrn m` okl ,lwdl ac miig axd oe`bdl iz`vny dn jl dtiqe` extqa ,xe` dxez zaiyi iy`xn ,`"hily iwqehl`
c"gxbd mb xaeq iwqehl` myl xiibzpc mb xb ied xac zlaw `la lny lk zeevnd zexb myl lahe


zebxcn 'a l`xyi ,zexba dliahe dlin i"r ,zexb myl l`xyi zyecw zeevn zlaw i"r

-
(:ck) zenai 'qezd ixac `iad dligzn dpde md mixbc opiwqtc oeeik ,r"ve 'wde ,dkld d"c ixd ,milad x`yle zeyi` myl wx epeekyk 'it` ,l`xyik dyrpe lahy xg`n xnen l`xyik `ed ,mixb eed `l i`n`e ,ok xn`p mizeka mb k"` myl leahie leniy zegtd lkl opirac uxize ,llk zevn miiwl ezrca oi`y t"r` ,zecdi zxg` ayeg ealay t"r` zexbl leahil mikqnc .alay mixac ied ,dnze (c"id b"ita) m"anxd ixac `iad aeye miinrt mcewn azk m"anxdc oeik `dc b"rve iypae ,mzixg` d`xzy cr oze` oiaxwn `lc dlbzpy t"r`e dxn mzixg` e`x dnlye oeyny k"re .dnlye oeyny oze` eniiw n"n ,rxl oceq mpic ex`yp drexb xzeid zexbda mbc gken .l`xyik lr l`xyik ex`yi jk oia m` r"v `l mrh dfi`n k"` ,rx mxeql
zexba mby drexb xzeid mpic x`yp l`xyik

zyecwe l`xyi ,zexba zebxcn 'a yic l"ve zecdi myl lahe ln wx m` ied l`xyie ,l`xyi `ly onf lk la` ,m"ekrl xefgl ezpeekyk mb ,l`xyi zyecw el xqg ,zeevn ler lawn ezpeek oi`e ,mlerd iladn xac liaya xiibznyke `le l`xyi zyecw el xqg ,zeevn ler lawl wlig m"anxdy dn ,dfa x`eane ,wcv xb ixwn eqpkp mixac 'bac azk b"ita ,miipyl zexb ipic zexecl oke ,oaxwe dliahe dlina zixal l`xyi rnync ,zeevn zlaw oiipr llk xikfd `le ,xba x`y llka mpi`c zixad dedzp cal el`ac .zene`

leniy opirac myl leahie zecdi

ea oi`y onf lk l`xyi zyecw yie rx erah ,epnn wgxzdl x`yp n"ny `l` mlerl xb

onf lkc meyn `ed ,oiwigxne oiyyegc `de ,mcwnk rx erah x`yp ,l`xyi zyecw ea oi`y ,myd ikxcn mgicie mziqie l`xyil zexv mexbie exn` df iptne" :azky g"ida m"anxd oeylke ,"zrxv rbpk l`xyil mixb mdl miyw minkg oeyl oaen dfae ,(c"qx 'iqa) 'k aeye .c"zkr epii exeql xfgy xb :l"fe g"qx q"q c"ei xehd m"anxa epwiicy mrhn `ed jgxk lre ,'ek jqp oii xb x`yp cal dliahe dlinac ,mcewd oniqa .mlerl

k"`e

xac meyn exiibzp dlgzkly zepexqgd lk s` exfge ,xg` oiyyeg dnle ,mzixg` d`xzy cr mze` oiaxwn ixb mi`xwp `ly mdl xqg dne ,ezwcv x`aziy .wcv

mrh dfi`n cr mdl miyyeg d`xzy ?mzixg`

xteqd `xfr ly ax dyrn xe`ia


xiibl ozip `ly zey` myl

xiibl rivd `ly `xfr ly dyrndn giked ,l"vf `l oi`eyip myl mixiibzny lky ,miypd lk z` meva `xfr rbie gxh dnk jl ixd :l"fe ,xb ied mal zepcrn gzt ,mikln xqenae dlitzae ikae miyp mdizeyp ewigxdy cr ,minl didy cr oevx zeyrl mzian me`ivede ,mdn clepde zeixkep cg` `vnp `l dnl ,zexba dpwz yi m`e ,mdipew ,ezvigna enr ex`yie mdn clepde ezia xiiby ,xac myex elit` llk dfn my xkfpy epivn `le me`yp dligzny xg`n ,zexba dpwz oi` i`ce `l` xnel jiiy `l ik ,xeqi`a odn ecilede mzeiba lr giked mzligz ik ,miny myl exiibziy mda .6 a"yr .mteq

l"pd daeyza m"anxd ixac cbpk dxe`kl mpn` mipexg`e mipey`x miwqetd zwdl lk dinirce dyrndn `iyew zcner ,`paizkck gken mdixacny gixkdy ,(i-h miwxt) `xfr xtqa xteqd `xfr ly m` dxe`kle ,mdipae mdiyp wigxdl milerd lk mxiibl xizne aiign did ,xeib i"r zexyt` dziid meyne ,miayd zpwz meyne " 'dl zeyrl zr" meyn oirk azky enke envr oney `le ahex elk`i ahen miclide miypd cixtd dnle ,l"pd m"anxd df lecb carice wgcd zry jl oi` ixde ,mdilran .dfn 'a 'iq) a"g cec dpg zixw z"eya zn`ae ilwq odk cec iax ciqgd oe`bdl (a"r g"pw sc

`xfrc dyrnny yi dxe`kl cbpk `iyew m"anxd exizdy dinirce zey` myl xiibl

dfn zn`ay z"eya giked cec dpg zixw

6. " ' " ' ' " ":


uexz lr diyew al ignynd


b"g icar likyi z"eya c"r azk xak mpn`e

likyi z"eya xne` riaie icar c"gwd lr exird lr fixtdy ,xingdl dcnd hyt xakye lawl bdpnd dl`k mixeib jixv n"ny diyewd uxzl `xfrn

xn` zipenr `le "ipenr"c dyw izk` dxe`kle ozeiba "ozgzz `l"c e`lc wqt m"anxd mbe ,`pngx .xzen exiibzp m` la` `ed

hyt zn`ae ,dcind lr fixtd axdy (f"h 'iq) c"ei iax oe`bd oxn y"nk dl`k mixeib lawl bdpnd ,('e ze` 'b 'iq) r"d` a"g xne` riaia sqei dicaer oi`e ,xeib mda lired `l dnl ,`iyew `iyewd n"n `iyew `id dxe`kle ,efn dlecb wgcd zry jl dta xnel miaxn drpny daiq ef mb ile`e .dnevr onf df ip` mbe ,cenlzd ziibeqn gkend z` `ln `qgiizdy `xfr ly dyrnd llba xdxdne halzn ip oexzt did m`e ,ax dyrne l`xyil zellkle miaxl .dax dkixv efe ,eze` un`n did xeib i"r

`iyewd uexz

ok lre ,exiibzp `le zeieb eedc ezrcl l"ve ,miiqy a"ita m"anxd ixacn mb p"ke ,`xfr citwd "zevex eid `ly d`xpe ."`xfr i"r yxetn `ed oke zeipenrc ,mze` migipn eid ,exiibzp el`e ,xiibzdl m"anxd zrcl oinnr 'fe zeixvne ,ixnbl zexzen .md zexzen

mixacd mekq

dlr xak `xfrc dyrnc micnl epvnp t"kre `lc meyn e` ,myxby mrhde ,mikln ogley lr ozgzz `l"c e`l oiprl zexb oinnr 'fa ipdn mdilr lawle xiibzdl mivex eid `ly e` ,"ma .8 l"pk ,zecdi xtqa l"wevf ebecxa l`tx iax oe`bdl iz`vne l"ve :l"fe azky (my) `xfr xtq 'ita al ignyn xg` ryedi 'x iniae ,mixkp oiicr eid onf eze`ac mdl xq` `lc d`xpe ,7 eaxrzpy `ed ,'a zia oaxg ozgzz `l"e aizk mdilrc ,oinnr 'f `l` `xfr 'nbc c"q `xwirn `"r e"rc zenai 'qnae ,"ma `ed ozexbac xn`e dia xcde ,ozeiba epiidc xnel `l" lr exare mixb eidy d`xp oke ,`pngx xq`c .y"r c"kr ,'eke "ma ozgzz
ignynd uexiz 'fa ixiinc al oinnr

d"vxbd uexz ixiinc xyilw zene` 'fn eidya `evx `ly e f"r gipdl mciay

`"g l"vf xniidqcld l`ixfr iax z"eya x"eye )ayiil l"vf xyilw d"vxbd y"na (h"kx 'iq c"ei eidy iptn `ed oze` exiib `ly dnc ,`xfrc dyrn miakek zcear gipdln ea` `ly e` ,zene`d 'fn 9. y"r ,zelfne

7. " ", , , , ' , , , " ' , " ' " ". , ' ' . , ' ' ' , . , ' , " ' . , , ), -(, " , , , , , , , " ', - , " ', ", , . , , ". . " , , , " " )' "(. .
8. 9.

, , , , , , , , " , " ". , , ), (, , , , ". " . .


,l`xyie dyn zck oi`eyipe zexb xg`y `ide ,dycg
be`cl jixv `l oexztdy dycg dira xevi oebir ly

-
'h sc '` 'iq) c"eig a"g ediwfg ixac xtqae dn mrha milyexi c"a` l"vf izay i"xbdl (q"dcn mxiibl rivd `le mdizeypn lcaidl mgixkd `xfry megixkd `xfr inia recn dnzz l`e :l"fe azky ip`y mzdc ,mdipa z` wigxdle mdizeypn lcadl y"nk zetexg zegty mdl e`ypy mipdka did oiprdc mxxgyn m` s`y ,l"f m"ialnd e`iade zezixka xagnd b"dxdy d`xpe ,dpef meyn mdl xeq` mxiibne .c"kr ,y"r df eycw ipirn mlrp e"vi cec dpg zixw ,f` avndn zilkza dpey meik avnd jkitl avna oekpd oexztde ,dpey zeidl jixv oexztd jkitle oke .zlaewn didzy zexbl sq i`pz reawl `ed ,meid dxeng dira xevi `ly dfk ote`a didi oexztdy

oebir ziira xveeize mdizeyp z`e ux`d z` eafri zrwtd zenca zepexzt eytgiy dl`k eidie ,dxeng .a"eike zexb
:dl`k zeidl c"prl mikixv sqd i`pz
`. mdil` diipt `le mznfein mixiibznd ly diipt .xiibzdl mrepkye m` e` miigxf` oi`eyipa mi`eyp xak eid m` .a mixrzn mde micli mdl eclepe cgia miig

i"xbd uexz jdc izay ixiin `xfrc e`ypy mipdka zetexg zegty

zexbl sqd i`pz

e` xec jezay i`cel aexwe zil`xyid dxaga lr exveeie ,dpaxw l` e`a ik rcep `l miipy dxwna ,l`xyi mr zxdhe zyecwa zeira jk ici jildz lk z` mdilr lwdle mlawl yi dfk .xeibd
dpey meik avnd `xfr onfn meid oexztde i"r zeidl jixv jixve ,zexb sq i`pz reawl zexbl

, . ] ' " ', , ), ( ', , , , , , ". " " " ' " ' . ".[ , , , , . , , , , , , , , , ) .( , . , , , , , ", , , ) (, , , ] " ' " )' " "(, , ". . [. , , , , . , , . , , , . , , ] [, . , ", , , , , , . " " " " ", " " ' ' " ": , , : . ', ". " ' " " ' " " ' " ": , ' ", , ", ". .


dlitz ,za