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rr322205-communication-systems

rr322205-communication-systems

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Code No: RR322205

Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) State and prove total probability theorem. (b) Give the classical and axiomatic definitions of probability. (c) List the axioms of the probability. 2. (a) With neat diagram explain Three wired D.C Telemetry System. (b) With neat diagram explain Three wired A.C Telemetry System. [8+8] [8+4+4]

3. (a) Explain the generation of VSB modulated wave. With neat diagram also draw the response of “Side band shaping filter”. (b) Explain the demodulation of DSB-SC wave by using ‘Costas-loop’method. [8+8] 4. (a) For an FM modulator with an unmodulated carrier vc =20V, a modulation index m=1,and a load resistance RL =10Ω, determine the power in the modulated carrier and each side frequency, and sketch the power spectrum fort he modulated wave. (b) Describe the significance of the FM noise triangle. [10+6]

5. (a) State and Prove Sampling Theorem as applicable to Band Limited Signals. (b) Find the Minimum Sampling Rate and Nyquist Interval for the Signals represented by m(t) and m2 (t) where m(t)=Sin(300πt)/πt. [8+8] 6. (a) Describe Delta Modulation system what are its limitations? How can they be overcome? (b) A voice frequency signal band limited to 3KHz is transmitted with the use of Delta Modulation systems. The pulse repetition frequency is 30,000 pulses/sec and the step Size is 10mv.Determine the maximum permissible speech signal amplitude to avoid a slope overload. [9+7] 7. (a) Discuss base band transmission of M-ary data. (b) Write about MSK. 8. What are the 3 - types of bipolar encoding discuss? ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8] [16]

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Code No: RR322205

Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) If X has the PDF fX (x) =e−x , x > 0 =0 , else where Calculate the mean value of g(x) = e4X/3 . (b) A random variable X has the PDF P(x) =1/2X ,where x=1,2,3,4,5.......... Find the moment generating function, mean and variance. [8+8] 2. (a) Explain why Hydraulic Systems are used rather than Pneumatic Systems in Industrial Environment. (b) Explain the disadvantages in Electrical Telemetry System. 3. (a) Derive the formula for instantaneous value of A.M voltage. (b) The antenna current of an AM transmitter is 8A when only the carrier is sent but it increases to 8.93Amps when the carrier is modulated by a single sine wave. Find the percentage modulation. Determine the antenna current when the depth of modulation changes to 0.8. [10+6] 4. (a) An FM signal Xc(t)= Ao Cos(ωo t +β Sinωm t) is applied as input to an RC high pass network. Assume that 1/ωRC >> 1 in the frequency band occupied by Xc(t). Show that the output voltage of RC network is an AM signal. Find the modulation index of AM signal. (b) In a FM system the frequency deviation constant is 1KHz/V. A sinusoidal modulating signal of amplitude 20Volts and frequency 3MHz is applied calculate [8+8] i. Peak frequency deviation ii. Modulating index iii. Bandwidth. 5. (a) The signals g1 (t)=10Cos (100πt) and g2 (t)=10 Cos (50πt) are both sampled at the rate of 75 samples per second. Show that the two sequences of samples thus obtained are identical. What is the reason for this phenomenon? (b) The signal g(t)=10cos(60πt) cos2 (160πt) is sampled at the rate of 400 samples per second. Determine the range of permissible cutoff frequencies for the ideal reconstruction filter that may be used to recover g(t) from the sampled version. [8+8] 6. (a) What is uniform and non uniform Quantization. Explain how to calculate the Quantization noise power of uniform Quantization? 1 of 2 [16]

Code No: RR322205 (b) Compare DPCM and PCM systems.

Set No. 2
[10+6]

7. (a) In the on-off keying version of an ASK system, symbol 1 is represented by √ transmitting a sinusoidal carrier amplitude 2 Eb / Tb ,where Eb is the signal energy per bit and Tb is the signal duration. Symbol ‘0’ is represented by switching off the carrier. Assume That 1 and 0 occur with equal probability, for an AWGN channel. Determine the Average probability of error for this ASK system assuming i. Coherent reception ii. Non coherent reception, operating with a large value of bit energy-to-noise density ratio. √ Note: for large values of x I0(x) =exp(x)/( 2 Πx). (b) A high frequency transmitter used in binary communication system is peak power limited to 1KW. The power loss in the channel is 60 dBand the noise power at the receiver input(ηrb ) is 10−4 watts. Assuming maximum signaling rate and equi- probable message bits, find pe for non-coherent ASK and coherent PSK Signaling schemes? [10+6] 8. What is the Major disadvantage in using NRZ encoding? How do RZ encoding and biphase encoding attempt to solve the problem. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR322205

Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Define the mean and the variance of a random variable. Calculate the mean and the variance of a random variable x., Whose probability density function is f(x)=1/(b-a) a≤x≤b =0 otherwise (b) Two independent random variables X and Y have the probability density functions fx(x)= 1/a[4(x)-4(x-a)] And fy(y)= 1/b[4(y)-4(y-b)] with 0< a <b. Find the PDF of z such that z=x+y and plot it. [8+8] 2. Explain with neat diagram of Hydraulic Telemetry and explain its main considerations taken using Hydraulic Telemetry System. [16] 3. (a) Derive the formula for instantaneous value of A.M voltage. (b) The antenna current of an AM transmitter is 8A when only the carrier is sent but it increases to 8.93Amps when the carrier is modulated by a single sine wave. Find the percentage modulation. Determine the antenna current when the depth of modulation changes to 0.8. [10+6] 4. (a) In an FM system, the modulating signal m(t)=2.4Cos(1000πt) and the frequency deviation is 4.8 KHz. If the amplitude of the modulating signal is now increased to 7.2V, what is the new deviation? Find the modulation index in each case. (b) For the balanced ring modulator circuit the carrier input frequency is fc =500KHz and modulating input signal frequency ranges from 0 to 5KHz.Determine output frequency range and output frequency for a single input frequency of 3.4KHz. [8+8] 5. (a) Plot the spectrum of PAM wave produced by Modulating wave m(t)=Am Cos(2π mt).Assuming a modulating factor µ <1,modulating frequency fm =0.25Hz ,sampling period Ts =1 sec and pulse duration T=0.45 seconds. (b) Using an ideal reconstruction filter, plot the spectrum of the filter output. Compare this result with output that would be obtained if there was no aperture effect. [10+6] 6. (a) Define the terms Quantization Error and Inter symbol interference in Digital Communication and discuss their reasons for their existence. 1 of 2

Code No: RR322205

Set No. 3
[10+6]

(b) Define Nyquist rate of sampling and derive the expression for it.

7. (a) What is meant by power spectrum? Explain power spectrum of binary PSK & FSK signals along with graphs (b) Give the comparison of M-ary digital modulation techniques. [8+8]

8. Explain ON OFF signaling and show that it requires twice as much power as polar signaling. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: RR322205

Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (Instrumentation & Control Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Explain about central limit theorem. (b) Calculate the mean and variance of i. Gaussian random variance. ii. Poisson distribution. 2. Write a short notes an electrical, Pneumatic, Hydraulic and Optical Telemetry Systems. [16] 3. (a) What are the different types of distortions in diode detectors and explain them. Explain how to reduce distortions? (b) Explain the envelope detection of AM signals. [8+8] [8+4+4]

4. (a) In an FM system, the modulating signal m(t)=2.4Cos(1000πt) and the frequency deviation is 4.8 KHz. If the amplitude of the modulating signal is now increased to 7.2V, what is the new deviation? Find the modulation index in each case. (b) For the balanced ring modulator circuit the carrier input frequency is fc =500KHz and modulating input signal frequency ranges from 0 to 5KHz.Determine output frequency range and output frequency for a single input frequency of 3.4KHz. [8+8] 5. (a) What is meant by Natural Sampling and how it differs from Flattop Sampling? explain (b) For the Modulating signal m(t)=4cos80t+20cos1000Πt,determine the allowable Sampling rates and sampling intervals. [8+8] 6. (a) Consider a sine wave of frequency fm and amplitude Amax applied to a delta modulator, with representation of levels at ±δ. Show that slope overload distortion will occur if Am > δ/2Πfm Ts where Ts is the sampling period. (b) What is the maximum power that may be Transmitted without Slope overload error? [12+4] 7. (a) Binary data is transmitted over a RF band pass channel with a usable bandwidth of 10MHz at a rate of 4.8x106 bits per second using and ASK signaling method. The carrier amplitude at the receiver antenna is 1mV and the noise power spectral density at the receiver is 10−5 watts/Hz 1 of 2

Code No: RR322205

Set No. 4

i. Find the error probability of a coherent receiver and ii. Find the error probability of a non coherent receiver (b) Derive an expression for the probability of bit error in a PSK system. [10+6] 8. Explain ON OFF signaling and show that it requires twice as much power as polar signaling. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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