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Set No. 1

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-II (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) With neat phaser diagram explain the operation of transformer with resistive load. (b) A single phase transformer with a primary (HV) voltage of 1600 V with a ratio of 8:1. The transformer supplies a load of 20 kW at a pf of 0.8 lagging and takes a no-load current of 2 A at pf of 0.2, estimate the current taken by the primary. [8+8] 2. (a) What is the importance of equivalent circuit of transformer? (b) The equivalent circuit parameters of 200 / 2000 V transformer as follows: Req = 0.16Ω , Xeq = 0.7 Ω , Xo = 231 Ω , Ro = 400 Ω (all referred to LV side) If load impedance is 600 + j 500 Ω; ﬁnd secondary load voltage & primary current. [8+8] 3. (a) Explain the procedure for OC test of transformer. (b) A single phase transformer has the following data: Turns ratio 10:1, Z1 = 1.6 +j 4.3 Ω, Z2 = 0.019 + j0.048 Ω. The input voltage of the transformer is 5000 V and the load current at the secondary is 250 A at 0.8 pf lagging. Neglecting no load current, calculate secondary terminal voltage and output power. [6+10] 4. (a) With neat phasor diagram, explain the voltage regulation of three-phase transformer. (b) An ideal 3-Φ step down transformer connected in delta/star delivers power to a balanced 3-Φ load of 120 kVA at 0.8 pf. The input line voltage is 11 kV and the turn’s ratio of transformer (phase to phase) is 10. Determine the line voltage line currents, phase voltages, phase currents on both primary & secondary sides. [8+8] 5. (a) With neat diagram explain the construction of Sq. cage IM. (b) Calculate the speed in RPM & RPS for a 6 pole IM which has a slip of 6 % at full load with a supply frequency of 50 Hz. What will be the speed of a 4 pole alternator supplying power to this motor? [8+8] 6. Derive the torque equation of IM. From this; derive the condition for Maximum torque. Find the ratio of Maximum torque to Full load torque & Maximum torque to staring torque. [16]

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Code No: R05220204

Set No. 1

7. It is desired to install a 3-Φ cage IM is restricting the maximum line current drawn from 400 V, 3-Φ supply to 120 A. If the starting current is 6 times the full load current, what is the maximum permissible full load kVA of motor when: (a) It is directly connected to mains (b) it is connected through an auto transformer with 65 % tapping (c) it is designed for use with star-∆ starter. [16]

8. Explain all the modes of operation of Induction machine. Plot the neat characteristics. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220204

Set No. 2

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-II (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) A 6.6 kV/440 V, 50 Hz transformer has primary impedance of 17 + j 42 Ω & secondary impedance of 0.58 + j 1.7 Ω. A short circuit occurs on secondary of transformer with 6.6 kV applied to primary. Calculate the primary current & its power factor, if no load magnetising current is 12.6 A at 0.28 pf lagging (LV side) (b) Explain the importance of phasor diagram of in operation of transformer. Give step by step procedure while developing the phasor diagram of transformer. [8+8] 2. (a) Derive the condition for maximum eﬃciency of a transformer. (b) A single phase 150 kVA transformer has eﬃciency of 96 % at full load, 0.8 pf and at half load, 0.8 pf lagging. Find maximum eﬃciency of transformer and corresponding load. [8+8] 3. (a) With all necessary instruments draw a neat experimental set up to conduct OC & SC tests on a single phase transformer. (b) A single phase 250/500 V transformer gave the following results: OC test: 250 V, 1 A, 80 W on LV side SC test: 20 V, 12 A, 100 W on HV side. Find the maximum eﬃciency of the transformer.

[10+6]

4. (a) With neat phasor diagram, explain the voltage regulation of three-phase transformer. (b) An ideal 3-Φ step down transformer connected in delta/star delivers power to a balanced 3-Φ load of 120 kVA at 0.8 pf. The input line voltage is 11 kV and the turn’s ratio of transformer (phase to phase) is 10. Determine the line voltage line currents, phase voltages, phase currents on both primary & secondary sides. [8+8] 5. (a) Deduce the expression for (rotor side) starting current, starting power factor, standstill frequency and standstill EMF of slip ring IM. (b) A 4-pole, 3 Φ, IM operates from a supply whose frequency is 50 Hz. Calculate: [8+8] i. the speed at which the magnetic ﬁeld of stator is rotating ii. the speed of the rotor when the slip is 4 %. iii. the frequency of the rotor current when the slip is 3 % 1 of 2

Code No: R05220204 iv. the frequency of rotor current at stand still. 6. (a) Explain various losses taking place in IM.

Set No. 2

(b) A 4-pole, 3-Φ, 50 Hz, IM supplies a useful torque of 160 Nm at 5 % slip. Calculate: rotor input, motor input, eﬃciency if friction & windage losses are 500 W and stator losses are 1000 W. [6+10] 7. A 300 HP (223.8 kW), 3 kV, 3-Φ IM has a magnetising current of 20 A at 0.1 pf and Short circuit (blocked rotor) current of 240 A at 0.25 pf. Draw the circle diagram; determine the pf at full load and maximum horse power. [16] 8. Explain all the modes of operation of Induction machine. Plot the neat characteristics. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220204

Set No. 3

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-II (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Derive the EMF equation of transformer? Hence derive the voltage ratio. (b) A 15kVA 2400-240-V, 60 Hz transformer has a magnetic core of 50-cm2 cross section and a mean length of 66.7 cm. The application of 2400 V causes magnetic ﬁeld intensity of 450 AT/m (RMS) and a maximum ﬂux density of 1.5 T . Determine i. The turn’s ratio ii. The numbers of turns in each winding iii. The magnetizing current 2. (a) Derive the condition for maximum eﬃciency of a transformer. (b) A single phase 150 kVA transformer has eﬃciency of 96 % at full load, 0.8 pf and at half load, 0.8 pf lagging. Find maximum eﬃciency of transformer and corresponding load. [8+8] 3. (a) Compare the results & procedure of OC-SC tests & Back to back tests conducted on transformer. (b) An auto transformer used two windings with a turn’s ratio of N1 /N2 = k. Find the ratio of magnetising current & short circuit current as auto transformer to two winding transformer. [8+8] 4. (a) With neat phasor diagram, explain the voltage regulation of three-phase transformer. (b) An ideal 3-Φ step down transformer connected in delta/star delivers power to a balanced 3-Φ load of 120 kVA at 0.8 pf. The input line voltage is 11 kV and the turn’s ratio of transformer (phase to phase) is 10. Determine the line voltage line currents, phase voltages, phase currents on both primary & secondary sides. [8+8] 5. (a) A 3-Φ, 50 Hz, 4 pole, 400 V, wound rotor IM has a ∆ connected stator winding and star connected rotor winding. Rotor conductors are 80 % of stator conductors. For speed of 1425 RPM calculate slip, the rotor induced emf/ph between the two slip rings and frequency of rotor current. (b) Explain the diﬀerences between slip ring & Squirrel cage IM. [8+8] 6. (a) A 12 pole, 3-Φ, 50 HZ, IM draws 280 Amp and 110 kW under the blocked rotor test. Find the starting torque when switched on direct rated voltage & frequency supply. Assume the stator & rotor copper losses to be equal under the blocked rotor test. 1 of 2

[8+8]

Code No: R05220204

Set No. 3

(b) Why the starting current of IM is very high? Justify statement ‘Though the staring current of IM is very high, the starting torque is poor’. [8+8] 7. A 3-Φ, ∆ connected, 32 HP, 480 V, 6-pole, 50 Hz IM gave the following test results: No load Test: 480 V, 10 A, +1.89 kW & -0.59 kW Blocked rotor test: 96 V, 36 A, + 1.67 kW & -0.07 kW All above are the line values. Input power is measured by two wattmeter method. Plot the circle diagram and for full load ﬁnd: (a) The line current (b) The power factor (c) Slip (d) Torque (e) Eﬃciency (f) Torque Given that rotor copper losses are equal to stator copper losses at stand still. [16] 8. Explain all the modes of operation of Induction machine. Plot the neat characteristics. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220204

Set No. 4

II B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTRICAL MACHINES-II (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the various losses taking place in transformer? How these losses can be minimized? (b) A 2.4 kV / 115 V transformer has sinusoidal ﬂux density expressed by 0.113 sin 188.5t. Determine the primary & secondary turns. [8+8] 2. (a) Derive the condition for maximum eﬃciency of a transformer. (b) A single phase 150 kVA transformer has eﬃciency of 96 % at full load, 0.8 pf and at half load, 0.8 pf lagging. Find maximum eﬃciency of transformer and corresponding load. [8+8] 3. (a) What are the limitations of Sumpners test? Give the related calculation to ﬁnd the approximate equivalent circuit of transformer. (b) Two similar single phase transformer are put to back to back test. Power input from supply line is 16 kW on no load and power output of auxiliary transformer when the rated current is circulated through the secondaries is 25 kW. Calculate for each transformer the full load eﬃciency at 0.8 pf lagging, the maximum eﬃciency and the corresponding load. [8+8] 4. (a) Explain tests to determine the equivalent circuit parameters of a three-phase transformer. (b) A 3-Φ. 100 kVA, 5000/400 V Star/Star, 50 Hz transformer has an iron loss of 1400 W. The maximum eﬃciency of transformer occurs at 80% of load. Calculate: i. The eﬃciency of transformer at full load and 0.85 pf lagging ii. The maximum eﬃciency at UPF. [8+8]

5. (a) A 3-Φ, 400 V IM has transformation ratio of 6 (stator to rotor). The rotor has per phase resistance & reactance of 0.5 Ω & 1.5 Ω respectively. Calculate rotor current and power factor: when slip rings are short circuited and slip is 5 % and when external resistance of 1 Ω/ph is connected in rotor circuit and motor is rotating with 8 % slip. (b) Explain the diﬀerences between sq. cage IM & Slip ring IM. 6. (a) Explain the construction of double cage rotor. (b) The rotor of a 3-Φ IM has per phase rotor impedance of 0.04 + j 0.2 Ω. What external resistance must be added in external circuit to get half of maximum torque at starting? By what percentage will this external resistance change the current & power factor of the motor at starting? [6+10] 1 of 2 [8+8]

Code No: R05220204

Set No. 4

7. With neat diagram explain the various tests to be conducted on 3-Φ IM to plot the circle diagram. [16] 8. Explain all the modes of operation of Induction machine. Plot the neat characteristics. [16] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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