CORROSION RESISTANT MATERIALS HANDBOOK

Fourth Edition

Edited

by

D.J. De Renzo

NOYES

DATA

CORPORATION
New Jersey, U.S.A.

Park Ridge,

Copyright G 1985 by Noyes Data Corporation No part of this book may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the Publisher. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 854872 ISBN o-8155-1023-3 Printed in the United States Published in the United States of America Noyes Data Corporation Mill Road, Park Ridge, New Jersey 07656 1098765432 by

Library of Congress Cataloging Main entry under title: Corrosion

in Publication

Data

resistant materials handbook.

Rev. ed. of: Corrosion resistant materials handbook I lbert Mellan. 3rd ed. 1976. Includes indexes. 1. Corrosion resistant materials--Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. De Renzo, D.J. II. Mellan, Ibert. Corrosion resistant materials handbook. TA418.75.C67 1985 620.1’1223 85-4872 ISBN o-8155-1023-3

NOTICE
To the best in this does of our not knowledge is assume any the information however, conthe

tained publisher for

publication

accurate; liability

whatsoever

the accuracy or completeness of the suitability for

of such information. of any information by any user, and of the in this to rely on

Final determination or product user. any

the use contemplated that anyone of materials himself

the manner of that use, is the sole responsibility We recommend recommendation should intending mentioned

publication and that standards. structions

satisfy

as to such suitability, and health current inthat users seek and

he can meet all applicable safety We strongly recommend manufacturer’s or supplier’s

adhere to the

for handling each material they use.

Contents

SYNTHETIC 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38

RESINS ABS Jackets ABS/PVC

AND Alloys-A.

POLYMERS. Schulman

................................................ .............................................

.1 .I

and Covers-CEEL-CO

................................................ Acetal Copolymers-Celanese Plastics ............................................ Acrylic Resins-Rohm and Haas. ...............................................
Acrylic Cellulose Chlorinated Epoxy Epoxy Epoxy Epoxy Resin-Sohio Acetates, Polyvinyl Chemical. Butyrates, Chloride ................................................ Propionates-Eastman Pipe and Fittings-B.F. ................................................. Chemical. Goodrich ...........................

.2
.3 .6 .9 10

.........................

.27
.32

Compounds-Devcon Pipe and Fittings-Ameron Resin-Duriron Resins-Shell Reinforced Reinforced Reinforced Reinforced

............................................. ..................................................... Chemical ................................................
Epoxy Furan and Vinyl Ester Piping and Vinyl Systems-A.O. Ester-Morrison Plastics. Smith-Inland .......................... Molded Fiber Glass.

Fiberglass Fiberglass Fiberglass Fiberglass

.............. .......

.33 .34 .35 .37
.39 .47

Polymer-Quaker Polyester

Oats Chemicals.

lsophthalic Polybutylene

...................... .................................... Fiberglass Reinforced Polyester Panels-Resolite Fluoropolymer-Allied Engineered Plastics. ........................................ ............................ Furan Resin-Koch Engineering, Maurice A. Knight Division .......................................... lsopolyester Resins-Amoco Chemicals Nylon 6/6 Resins-Celanese Plastics ............................................ .................................................... Nylon 11 Resin-Rilsan .......................... Nylon Reinforced Vinyl Hose-Sethco Division, Met Pro Corp. .............................. Oxirane Oligomer of Resorcinol-Plastonics International
Terephthalate-Celanese Phenolic Phenylene Resins-Occidental Oxide-Based Chemical. Resin-General .......................................... Electric.

.52 .53
54

.60 .61
.63 .65 .67 .68 .95 102 104 106 107 108 110 111 112

.................................... ........................................ Polyallomer-Eastman Chemical Products .............................................. Polycarbonate-Mobay Chemical ...................................... Polyester Engineering Resin-Dart Industries Polyester Laminates-Haysite Reinforced Plastics ...................................
Polyether Block Amides-Rilsan. Chemical Ethylene-Vinyl Material-Nalge. Polyethylene-Eastman Polyethylene-Himont Polyethylene-Lined Polyethylene Polyethylene Polyethylene Polyphenylene Tank .............................................. ....................................... Products. Acetate Tubing-Thermoplastic Scientifics Inc

..................................................... ..............
Chemicals.

113 114 116

Resins-U.S.I.

..........................................
Chemical Products .................

............................................ Copolyester-Eastman

Terephthalate-Based Sulfides-Phillips

116 118 120

Polymethylpentene-Westlake

Plastics.

.......................................... Chemical ........................................
vii

VIII

Contents

1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 1.44 1.45 1.46 1.47 1.48 1.49 1.50 1.51 1.52 1.53 1.54 1.55 1.56 1.57 1.58 1.59 1.60 1.61 1.62 1.63 1.64 1.65 1.66 1.67 1.68 1.69 1.70

.................................... ........................................ ......................... Polystyrene Resins-Huntsman Chemical ............. Polysulfone-Union Carbide ............................................... Polyvinyl Chloride Ducts-Dayco ............................................ Polyvinyl Chloride Jackets and Covers-CEEL-CO ................................. Polyvinyl Chloride Liners-Fabrico. .......................................... Polyvinyl Chloride Pipe and Fittings-Thermoplastic Processes. ........................ ................................ Polyvinyl Chloride Tank Liners-Peabody Tectank.
Polypropylene-Eastman Chemical Products. Polypropylene Resins-Shell Chemical. Polyvinylidene Tetrafluoroethylene Fluoride-Rilsan. Hose-Everflex ............................................ Products

120 122

. 142
147 . 149 151

. 152 . 154 . 155
155

.................................... Tetrafluoroethylene Resins-Du Pont ......................................... Vinyl Ester Resins-Interplastic Corp. ......................................... Epoxy and Polyester Pipe and Fittings-Ameron ..................................
Phenol-Formaldehyde Polyester Acetal, Epoxy, and Vinyl Nylon Polypropylene and Furfuryl Ester Alcohol-Formaldehyde Fluoride Lined Piping Resins-Ametek, Systems-Resistoflex. Haveg Division.

. 156 . 157
. 159 . 170

....

174 179

Resins-Ashland. Resins-Du and Bisphenol

..................................... ............. Pont .................................... ........................... Resins-Duriron.
A Polyesters, and Vinyl Ester Resins-Amoco Chemicals . .................................. Fabrications-Atlas.

and Polyvinylidene and Polyester Halogenated SAN

Fluoropolymer

and Polyethylene

Isopolyester, Polystyrene, Polyvinyl Vinyl, Various Various Various Various Various Various Various Various Various Silicone

and ABS Plastics-Monsanto. Polypropylene Tubing-Barnant

Chloride,

and Polyethylene

.................

and Fluoroelastomer

Glass-Reinforced Polymers-Westlake Resins-General

.............................. Resins-Celanese Plastics ................................ Plastics ..........................................
............................................ for Linings and Membranes-Atlas. Chemical

. 218 . 220 .221 . 223 . 225 . 236 . 238
. 239 239 . 240

Electric

Resins and Elastomers Resins for Membrane Resins for Plastic Thermoplastic Thermoplastic

Resins and Metals-Phillips Lined

...................... .................................... ................................ Linings-Watersaver.
Piping for Products-Dow Piping Chemical Rubber ....................... ....................... Materials-Nibco.

. 242 . 247
250

and Elastomeric Polymers

Hose Stocks-Gates

....................... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... . . .

. 251 . 263 . 272
284 284

RUBBERSANDELASTOMERS 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 CEMENTS, 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Acrylic

.......................... Cyanamid

.............. .................. Fluoroelastomer-Elkhart Rubber. ............... Fluorosilicone Rubbers-Dow Corning. ................ Polysulfide Rubber-Morton Thiokol
Elastomer-American Polysulfide Synthetic Elastomer Rubber Cyanamid Sealant-Stonhard. Chemicals Linings-Huron ............................ Limited. Cyanamid. Pont.

.285 . 287
. 290 . 293 294 . 296 . 297 . 297 .298 . 299 . 302

Silicone

........ Ltd ........

Urethane-American Urethane-Devcon. Urethane Various Various Various Various Various

.................... ..............
.............

Membrane-Sternson Elastomers-American Elastomers Elastomers Elastomers Rubber

and Rubbers-Du and Rubbers-Exxon and Rubbers-Minor Tank

............ ...... Co. ......

Chemicals. Rubber

and Elastomeric AND ASPHALT Surfacing

Linings-Acme-Fisher.

.355 . 367 ..........
.......... .......... 369 369
373 375 379 382 383 383

MORTARS, Epoxy-Base Epoxy Epoxy Epoxy Furan Furan Mortar Flooring

Floor

Systems-Stonhard

Compounds-Atlas. and Floor Cements-Sternson.

. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .

. .

.. .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . .

Toppings-Pennwalt

.......... .......... ..........

Surfacing Grout-Atlas Polymer

. . . . . . . .
Concrete-Quaker

.

Oats Chemicals

.

. . .

. .. . . . . . . . . . . .

.......... ..........

Polyester

Grout-Radiation

Technology.

. .

. .

Contents

ix

3.8
3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14

Sulfur

Concrete Asphalt

and Coating-Sulcon Membrane-Pennwalt. Flooring

Systems.

......

Urethane Polyester Various Various Various Various

.......... ....

and Epoxy Cements-Atlas

Compounds-Atlas

..................... ............. Mortars-Koch Engineering Mortars-Pennwalt ................... Mortars-Sternson ...................
........................................... Alloy-Allegheny Stainless Stainless Ludlum. Steels-Jessop Stainless Wrought Stellite

...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......

. . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .

....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... . . . . ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... ....... .......

. . . .. . . . . .. . .

384 387 388 389 391 399 406

FERROUSALLOYS 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 Austenitic Austenitic Ferritic

Steels-Allegheny

......................... Steel. ....................... Ludlum .....................
Wrought Products

Ferritic-Austenitic Iron Alloy-Cabot Iron ironAlloys-Cabot

Steel-Cabot Products. Division

..........

. . . . . . . . . . .

. . .

412 412 413 414 420 424 425 426 428 429 431

......................... ..........................
Foundry & Engineering .................. Molybdenum

and Nickel-Base Steel-Armco Duplex Stainless Stainless Stainless Stainless METALS

Alloys-Stainless Stainless Stainless

........ ....

Stainless Various Various Various Various Various

Steel Products. Iron and Steel Technology.

. . . . . . . . . . . .

and Austenitic Steels-American Steels-Carpenter Steels-Cyclops

Steels-Climax

Institute.

..........

.................. ............................
Nickel Alloys-Climax Molybdenum.

Steels and High AND ALLOYS.

...

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

433 440 444

NONFERROUS 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33

Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum

....................... ............................ ................ Alloys-Aluminum Association.
Alloy-Alcoa. Bronzes and Nickel-Aluminum Bronzes-Ampco Metal

.

Aluminum-Zinc

........................... Steel ................. Beryllium Copper Alloy-Brush Wellman .................. ...................... Cobalt-Base Alloys-Cabot Stellite
Coating-Alcoa Coating-Bethlehem Alloy-Cabot Alloys-Wall Wrought Colmonov Products. ...............

Cobalt-Base Cobalt-Base

..................... Columbium-Cabot KBI ............................. ................ Columbium-Teledyne Wah Chang Albany. Copper Alloys-Revere. .............................
Copper and Copper Alloys-Arco Chemical Metals, Industries American Association. Alloys Brass Lead and Lead Alloys-Lead Magnesium-Dow Nickel Nickel-Base Nickel-Base Nickel-Base Nickel-Base Nickel-Base Nickel-Base Tantalum-NRC Tantalum Titanium-Industrial and High-Nickel Alloy-Teledyne Alloys-Cabot Alloys-Stainless Alloys-Wall and Other Rods,

. . . . . . . . . . . . .

....... ..........

........................... ...........
Allvac Wrought Foundry

Alloys-Huntington Products

.....................
............... & Engineering.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.........
Industries

Colmonoy High Alloy

.....................
Pipe and Tubing-Colt Stellite. KBI

Electrodes

and Wires-Cabot Alloy-Cabot

........ ........

..................................
Titanium.

and Tantalum-Columbium

........................ ................... Titanium and Titanium Alloys-Timet. Zinc Alloy-New Jersey Zinc. .........................
Zinc Coating-Alcoa. ............................... Wah Chang Albany. Steel Alloys-Cabot Alloys-Carpenter Zirconium Alloys-Teledyne Nickel Steel, and Stainless Nickel

. . . . . . . . . .

............
Stellite.

Tungsten Cobalt, Stainless Titanium,

and Molybdenum-Schwarzkopf and Copper

Development.

....... ....... . .......

Technology.

.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.. . . . . . . . .

Zirconium

and Tantalum-Astro

Metallurgical.

609 609 610 632 633 638 639 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 655 663 664 665 666 725 728 729 730 731 732 735 736 742 744 749 756 756 757 764

X

Contents

5.34
5.35 5.36 5.37 GLASS, 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6

Tungsten, Various Various Various CERAMICS,

Tantalum Metals Metals Metals AND

and Titanium

Carbide

and Alloys-Duriron and Alloys-General and Alloys-Walworth CARBON-GRAPHITE. Graphite.

Alloys-Kennametal ............. ............................... Metals Technologies. ................. .............................. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . .. ..

. .

. 771 . 773 ,777

. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . .781 . . . 786 . . 786
. . . 790 .791 . 792 . . . 792 . 793 .796 796

..... ........ Ceramic Fiber Products-3M. ......... Ceramic Linings-Abresist. ...... Foamed Glass Block-Pennwalt .............. Glass Pipe-Corning ........... Glassed Steel-Pfaudler.
Carbon-Graphite-U.S. RESISTANCES Aluminum and Steel Carbon, Institute. Ceramic, OF MATERIALS

. . .. . . . . . . . . .

COMPARATIVE 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.10 Steel, Iron Metal, Rubber, iron, Iron,

OF CONSTRUCTION Plastic Tank

........................ Materials-American

and Glass Fiber Rubber,

Reinforced Plastic

Construction

................................................... and Wood Construction and Wood Materials-ITT Aluminum and Brass Couplers-Gates Pump ............ Materials-Corning ................... Rubber. Lining Cylinder Materials-Gates ................ Rubber. Jabsco.

797 809

Polymeric

Hose and Steel, Resin, Steel, Steel,

Aluminum, Synthetic Alloys

Lead, Glass, Concrete Resin and Rubber for Castings

.. 821
839 846 848 854 882

Bronze, Nickel

.................. ............................. Various Resin, Elastomer and Steel Tank Materials-Nalge. .............................. Metal, Elastomer and Plastic Pump Materials-Oberdorfer ...................... Glass, Metal and Plastic Piping Systems-0-I/Schott Process Systems.
and Copper and Forgings-Janney Natura! and Synthetic Alloy, System Fibers, Titanium, Porous Ceramic, Stone or Porous Natural Carbon Filter Tube Materials-Sethco. Pump and

......

884 885 889

7.1 1 Resin, Steel, Filtration 7.12 7.13 COMPANY Plastic

Rubber,

and Synthetic ............................... Heating

Fiber

Materials-Sethco Columbium LISTING

...........................................
and Tantalum . . and Cooling . . Coils-Vulcanium . . . .....

and Steel Pump

Materials-Thompson-Chemtrol.

Steel, Titanium, NAME AND

Zirconium, ADDRESS

891

. . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . .892

TRADENAMEINDEX CORROSIVE MATERIAL

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...897 INDEX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .900

Foreword

The ful the cially to ment

fourth reference concerned

edition expanded, volume,

of the first

Corrosion published resistant

Resistant in 1966, to cut materials for

Materials technical will provide

Handbook data. useful

has been completely information by choosing which suitable materials will

revised enable

and vastly

based on the latest available or manager and others

This well-established

and successcommerfor equip-

engineer corrosion designers specific

losses due to corrosion a particular screening guide

available having

application.

It would

also be useful

equipment

as a valuable

in choosing

corrosion

resistance

requirements. work tables Index to lies in the extensive in the book is organized by cross-indexing of thousands and other A separate

The great value of this outstanding of substances. resistant corrosive Trade The alloys; presents mercial sent from, The more The than materials. substances. Corrosive the

reference Material reader

160 detailed

are arranged corrosive

by types of corrosion chemicals

It refers

specific

recommendations

in the tables.

Name various

Index and a Company sections resins of taken in the book

Name and Address cover rubbers selected

Listing are also included. of corrosion cements, resistant materials, such ferrous section of comrepreinfluence

categories

as synthetic

and polymers; metals 13 tables directly

and elastomers; the

mortars,

and asphalt; A separate in the book to, nor

nonferrous a group engineering the makers

and alloys; which from

and glass, ceramics, compare materials essential

and carbon-graphite. merits made to industry. The tables at no cost

anticorrosive literature

of a cross section

and construction or distributors of information

selections

manufacturers’

of these materials. contained indexes. in the book is evidenced at once in the extensive table

The vast amount of contents

and the exhaustive

Advanced composition and production methods developed by Noyes Data Corporation are employed to bring this durably bound book to you in a minimum of time. Special techniques are used to close the gap between “manuscript” and “completed book.” In order to keep the price of the book to a reasonable level, it has been partially reproduced by photo-offset directly from the original material and the cost savings passed on to the reader. Due to this method of publishing, certain portions of the book may be less legible than desired.

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

TABLE

1.1:

ABS JACKETS

AND

COVERS-CEEL-CO

Typical

Resistance

Features

of CEEL-TITE

100 Series

Acetrc Acrd. I %, 30 days Acetic Acrd. 50%. 30 days ‘Acetrc Acrd. concentrate Acetone, 10% Alummum Sulfate, 25% Ammonra Gas Ammonrum Hydroxrde Beer (over 3 2% alcohol) l Benzaldehyde Concentrate *Benzene l Benzyl Ether ‘Bromrne l Bromoethane Butane ‘Butyrrc Actd Calctum Chloride. 25% Calcrum Sulfa!e, 25% solutron Carbon Droxrde ‘Carbon Tetrachlonde l Chlorobenzene ‘Chloropropane Chromrc Acrd, 30% Citrrc Acrd, 25% Cod Lrver 011 Collordal Sulfur, 30 days, 140°F Corn 011 Cyciohexanol l Cyciohexanone Detergent Drethanolamtne. 30 davs. 140°F Dtethylene Glycol ‘Diethyl Ether “Drethyl Ketone ‘Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Alcohol. 50% Ethylene Gfycol. 30 days, 140°F Ferrol 1s Sulfate, 25% Form: Ildehyde, 30%. 30 days *Freon 11 Freon 12

S

S
U S

2

‘Gasorne Glucose, 30 days. 30% 146°F Gfycerrn, 30 days, 140°F Grapefrurt Jutce 30 days Heptane. 30 days l Hexane Hydrochlonc Acrd, 30 days Hydrogen Peroxide. 3% Kerosene, 30 days Ltght Process Ori. 30 days : 40°F Liquid Wrench” *Methyl Ethyl Ketone Mrnerai Spirits. 18 months Motor 011. 6 months Naphtha (lighter fiurd) 3 months Paratftn, 30 days l Pentane *Phenol Phosphonc Acid. 30 days ‘Phosphonc Acid, 30 days 140°F Potassium Chloride, 25% Potassrum Hydrox\de. Saturated sol&on 30 davs. 146°F Red Copper Oxrde. 30 days 140°F Sodrum Brcarbonate Solutton 30 days, 140°F Sodrum Chlonde Solutron, 30 days. 140°F Sulfunc Acid, 50% 30 davs Syrup. Srmple’Sugar Tomato JUICP Tnsodrum Phosphate Ucon M-l@ Hydraulic Flurd 7 days. 160°F Unc Acrd. 30 davs Vtnegar Frim Remover

u

z
S ; :

s

s
U s’ S S il U S U S

S

S S S S

s” s”

Z Z

S -Satisfactory U - Unsatfsfactory Test Method ASTM D 543 72

l Satisfactory
atmospheric @-

for use under conditions Trademark

Regtstered

2

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TAB.LE 1.2: ABSIPVC ALLOYS-A.

SCHULMAN

A special outdoor rigid polymer alloy, POLYMAN 507 retains more impact strength after UV exposure than any competitive material according to UL recognition tests. It is rated UL Bulletin 94 V-O and carries 95°C continuous use temperature rating. In addition it offers the good electrical properties and tensile strength needed for wiring devices and small tool housings. A rigid polymer alloy, POLYMAN 509 exhibits low shrinkage (0.0045 in/in) and combines a 212°F heat distortion temperature with a superior 430,000 flexural modulus to mold and hold strict dimensional tolerances in critical fit applications such as printed circuit card holders. Its high arc track resistance and compressive strength, along with a good balance of other properties, qualifies for applications in severe electrical service such as junction boxes and connectors. POLYMAN 511 offers the highest impact strength (83.5 tensile impact; 320 in lb Gardner impact) of the POLYMAN UL V-O rated rigid polymer alloys. It also has excellent UV color stability along with the exceptional stiffness and flatness required for large business machine and consumer appliance housings.

POLYMAN

507, 509, 511 Chemical Resistance

Class S-Satisfactory (only minor absorption) Class A-Surface affected only slightly; still performs mechanically Class P-Poor resistance; not recommended exposure

CLASS
Linseed Oil Mineral Oil Motor Oil Nitric Acid, 40% Olive Oil Potassium Hydroxide, 50% Sodium Carbonate Sodium Hydroxide, 50% Sulphuric Acid, 97% Ammonia, 30%

s
Brine Solution Clorox Citric Acid 2N Gasoline Glacial Acetic Acid Hexane Hydrochloric Acid, 30% Hydrochloric Acid 2N lgepal Lactic Acid 20%

CLASS A Chloroform Chromic Acid 30% Ethyl Alcohol Formaldehyde, 35% Formic Acid (Anhydrous) Glycol Isopropyl Alcohol Oxalic Acid 50% Phosphoric Acid, 85% Silicone Oil Turpentine

CLASS P Acetone Benzene Carbon Bisulfide Carbon Tetrachloride Ethyl Acetate Methyl Ethyl Ketone Toluene Xylene

NOTE: For solvent welding, use such solvents as: Perchlorethylene with Cyclohexanone Tetra Hydrofurane with M.E.K. For vapor degreasing, use such agent as: Freon TE with Alcohol

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

3

TABLE

1.3: ACETAL

COPOLYMERS-CELANESE

PLASTICS

CELCON trioxane.

is a registered trademark of the Celanese Corporation used for its crystalline CELCON acetal copolymer can be injection molded, blow molded, extruded,

acetal copolymer

based on

machined. CELCON acetal copolymer offers high mechanical strength through broad ranges of temperature and environment. Celcon Grade Formulation
UlO-11

strength,

stiffness,

rotationally cast and easily toughness, and practical impact

Range Application

Melt Index

Description

1.0

Excellent processabillty in extrusion blow moldtng. injection blow molding and extrusion. High melt strength. Low odor grade for aerosols.

Aerosols, containers, industrial articles, rod, tube, slab, profiles.

M25-01

2.5

Excellent processability Not lubricated.

in extrusion.

Rod, tube, sheet, slab, wire coating

M2504

2.5

Good processability for injection molding in easy-to-fill molds. Possesses greater toughness and elongation than materials with 9.0 melt index. Same as M25-01 except that it is internally lubricated.

Injection molded parts requiring timum toughness and elongation.

op

M90-04

9.0

Excellent moldability due to high flow characteristics and stabtlity in processing High surface gloss and good dimensional stability. Internally lubricated. Ultraviolet stabilized. Good maintenance of physical properties and resistance to chalking in outdoor exposures.

General injection molding.

M90-08

9.0

Injection molded plications.

seasonal

outdoor

ap-

M270-04

27.0

Highest flow. Superior moldability for hard to fill molds with somewhat less toughness than M90. Internally lubricated. Celcon color Concentrates are provided in a wide range of standard colors for letdown into natural Celcon via extruinjection molding sion or screw machines. M90 Resin reinforced with 25% by weight of glass fibers together with a unique coupling agent. Provides increased stiffness, tensile strength and creep resistance.

H.igh speed injection cavity parts.

molding

for multi-

M90-07

-

To obtain body colored injection molded or extruded products at cost savings.

GC-25A

2.5

Windshield wiper pivots, gears, pulleys and other parts requrring the maximum in stiffness and strength.

(continued)

4

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.3: ACETAL

COPOLYMERS-CELANESE Chemical
Time

PLASTICS of Celcon
Yield

(continued) M90, M25, M270 o:c Change’ Vwble Effect3 N.C. Disc. DISC. Disc. N.C N.C.

Resistance
Temp

Matenal Control (Air) INORGANIC 10% Ammonium CHEMICALS Hydroxide

Months 12 6 12 6 6 12 6 6 6 12 : 12 6 6 6 12 6 12 6 6 6 6 6 12 6 6” 4 6 12 12

F 73 73 73 180 73 73 73 73 73 73 180 73 73 180 180 73 73 73 73 180 180 73 180 73 73 73 180 180 180 73 73 180

Strength 0 0 0.7 -0.3 : X X 2 3 4 0 6 3 3 1 2 1 -2 -3 -3 -6 3

Tensile Modulus 0 0 -16 -12 -15 -12 X X -12 -15 -10 -9 -9 1; 2 2 -8 1; -6 -7 -12 -8 -14 X -15 -12 X -12 -12 -18

Length 0 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3

Weight 0.22 0.88 1.03 0.74 0.97 0.88 X X 0.59 0.71 0.49 0.77 0.78 0.96 0.61 0.80 0.84 0.49 0.73 0.83 -0.18 -3.29 0.61 0.81 0.82 X 0.94 0.89 X 0.83 0.84 -3.32

3% Hydrogen Peroxide 10% Hydrochloric Acid 10% Nitric Acid 10% Sodium Chloride

2% Sodium Carbonate

20% Sodium Carbonate 1% Sodium Hydroxide 10% Sodium Hydroxide

60% Sodium Hydroxide 4-6% Sodrum Hypochlorite 26% Sodium Thiosulfate 3% Sulfuric Acid 30% Sulfuric Acid Buffer, pH 7.0 Buffer, pH 10.0 Buffer, pH 4.0 Water (Distilled)

0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 X 0.3 0.3 X 0.2 0.2 -0.1

N.C. SI. Disc. SI. Disc. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. SI. Disc. St. Disc. Pitted N.C. N.C. N.C. SI. Disc. SI. Disc. N.C. N.C. Disc.

ORGANIC CHEMICALS 5% Acetic Acid Acetone

Aniline Tint Benzene Carbon Tetrachloride

6 12 6 12 6 6 6 6 12 : 12 6 6 6 12 6

3: 73 73 120 180 120 73 73 120 73 73 73 180 73 73 120

-1 0.6 -4 -17 -19 -26 -17 -1 2 -11 0 3 -15 -19 -5 -17 -22

-15 -16 -20 -48 -48 -73 -43 -4 -6 -32 -12 -10 -26 -63 -20 -46 -50

0.3 0.2 0.7 1.6 2.1 4.8 1.8 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.2 1.1 3.1 0.6 1.6 2.1

1.05 1.13 3.60 3.68 4.45 12.1 3.93 0.86 1.39 5.23 0.74 1.93 2.09 7.7 3.62 4.25 5.23

N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. Reddish N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. (continued)

10% Citric Acid Diethyl Ether Dimethyl Formamide Ethyl Acetate

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

5

TABLE 1.3: ACETAL

COPOLYMERS-CELANESE Time Months 6 6 6 12 6 6 12 6 6 12 6 6 12 6 6 12 6 12 6 Temp F 120 180 73 73 120 73 73 120 73 73 180 73 73 180 73 73 73 73 180

PLASTICS Yreld Strength -23 0 1; -17 -4 -5 -13 -2 3 -6 -1 3 0 -15 -10 -7 -7 -14

(continued) __~ O0Change’ TenslIe Modulus -68 -18 -19 -35 -31 -24 -32 -34 -13 4 -9 -15 -i’ -45 -46 -17 -19 -43 Length 3.2 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.3 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.2 -0.07 0.2 0.3 -0.04 0.5 2.1 1.4 0.4 0.7 16 Wetght 10.05 1.33 1.43 2.19 2.54 1.62 1.98 2.27 0.04 0.09 0.35 1.05 -1.26 1.04 9.34 4.70 1.12 1.87 3.80 Vwble Effect3 N.C. SI. Disc. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. Disc. N.C. N.C. N.C

Materral Ethylene Dichloride 50% Ethylene Glycol 95% Ethanol

50% Ethanol

Heptane

Oleic Acid

5% Phenol Toluene

OTHER

MATERIALS Fluid 6 6 6 12 6 12 6 6 6 6 : 12 6 : 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 12 6 6 12 6 180 180 73 73 73 73 180 180 180 180 180 73 73 180 180 180 120 120 120 180 180 180 73 73 180 73 73 180 5 0 0 3 -3 -0.5 -11 -5 2 3 3 18 3 0 I;
-11

Automatic Transmission Anti-Freeze (Telar) Brake Fluid, “Super 9”

Brake Fluid, Lockheed “21”

Brake Fluid, “Delco 222” Detergents “Acclaim” “Calgonite” “Electra-Sol” 50% lgepal

5 -23 -12 -1 -13 -9 -41 -33 -11 -15 -10 -14 -15 -18 -20 -15 -12 -12 -10 -7 11 3 -14 -1 7 -9 7 0

-0.07 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 1.4 1.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.06 0.0 0.2 -0.06 -0.06

-0.15 1.53 0.34 0.53 0.70 1.05 3.60 3.18 0.85 1.00 1.04 0.75 0.84 1.62 1.04 1.32 1.30 1.50 1.43 0.34 -0.13 -0.03 -0.03 0.05 -0.18 0.02 0.04 -0.14

N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. SI. Disc. SI. Disc. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. SI. Disc. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C. N.C.

Detergent Solution2 1% Soap Solution Gasolines Mobil Regular (9315 Octane) Mobil “Hi-Test” (99.0 Octane) Sunoco “280” (103 Octane) Kerosene Linseed Oil Lubricating Grease Mineral Oil (“Nujol”)

Motor Oil (1 OW30)

-12 -6 0 8 4 -3 3 8 -1 5 5

1. Type 1 TenslIe bars used nnthese tests measure 8!5 x % x ‘/ Inches. rutlal yleld strength IS 8800. tenslle modulus 410,000. weight 13 grams 2 Cowsts of 0 5 grams of an alkyl sulfonate + 0 20 grams of trisodlum phosphate per liter of water N C. = No Change; DISC = Dlscoloratlon. SI DISC = Slight discoloration

3 X = Not recommended,

TABLE

1.4: ACRYLIC

RESINS-ROHM

AND HAAS

0,

PLEXIGLAS is the registered trademark for acrylic plastic sheet produced by Rohm and Haas Company. In its natural tically clear, transparent, lightweight material having outstanding weatherability, high impact resistance, good chemical ity and machinability. Chemical Resistance of PLEXIGLAS Sheet*

form, PLEXIGLAS acrylic sheet is an opresistance, and excellent thermoformabil-

2 q
o I. 2

PROPERTY 1 Thickness CHEMICAL RESISTANCE 0543 NEGLIGIBLE) CONCENTRATION. % 100 5 40 10 Acid Acid Acid Concentrated Concentrated 30 10 40 70 40 10 R-S 04 0.2 03 0.2 0.3 8 SE A-D 20 0.3 0.0 Concentrated 96 30 3 20 10 20 2 60 10 D-R-S 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.3 0.4
R-S
04

1 inches

1

.0250


%

WEIGHT GAIN AFTER 7 DAYS IMMERSION AT 77°F. (WEIGHT GAIN OR LOSS OF 1% OR LESS IS CONSIDERED

COMPOUND ACIDS

CLASS Acetic Acid Acetic Acid

NAME Glacial

TYPE

R-S 05 0.2
0.4

04 -_ 0.3 0.3 03 00 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

DL 0.5 4-D 0.4 A 04 A 5-A 04 -0.1 DL 03 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 -0.4 04 0.5

Chromic Acid Citric Acid Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Hydrofluoric Nitric Acid Nitric Acid Nitric Acid Olelc Acid Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid BASES Ammonrum Ammonium Hydroxrde Hydroxtde

0.2 0.3 02 03 0 SE A-D 2.8 03 00 D-R-S 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.3 0.4

A-D-S 0.4 13E D-R 5.3D 0.4 0.0 D-R-S 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 -0.2 0.4 0.5

Concentrated

Sodrum Carbonate Sodwm Carbonate Sodrum Hydroxrde Sodwm Hydroxrde Sodrum Hydroxrde

(continued)

TABLE

1.4: ACRYLIC

RESINS-ROHM

AND HAAS

(continued)

I
CONCENTRATION. %

TYPE Plexrglas G II UVA. II-UVT. G-UVT er0.1

OF ACRYLIC

PLASTICS

I
Plexrglas IA UVA Plexiglas MC 0.1 0.5 0.1

COMPOUND COMMERCIAL

CLASS PRODUCTS Cottonseed Detergent Kerosene

NAME 011 Solution

TYPE Edrble Grade Heavy Duty

Plexrglas K -rO.l 0.3 -;O.l

Plexiglas 55 to.1 0.4 c:.o. 1

DL -

0.25

0.3 -:o. 1

NO. 2 Fuel Oil (ASTM 0396) Thinner Oil White, Edible Whrte 011 (ASTM USP Grade Flakes 01040) 1

Lacquer Mrneral Olive Oil Soap

DL c.o.1 ..O.l 0.3 to.1 <O.l

DL to.1 co. 1 0.3 co.1 <O.l

0.3 co.1 <O.l 0.4 <O.l 0.1

DL 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1-c

Sotutton

Transformer Turpentrne

Distilled Spirit (ASTM 013)

INORGANIC

COMPOUNDS

Distilled Hydrogen Hydrogen Sodium Sodium

Water Peroxide Peroxide Chloride hypochlorite 26 3 10 5

0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 DL DL DL

0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 DL DL DL

0.5 ct.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 R-S 12R-S 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 A-S R-S 1.1 1.7

0.4 0.4 0.3 DL -

0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 DL DL DL

ORGANIC

COMPOUNDS

Acetone Aniline Benzene Carbon Tetrachloride”

--0. 1 -0.1 cro. 1c DL DL 95 1.4 0.8

0.1

-3.0 0.0 DL 7.5 2.2

-5-A-E 0.1 R-S DL DL 4.0 2.0

Drbutyl Sebacale Dlethyl Drmethyl Ether Formamrde

-0.1 I: O.lC DL DL 1.4 0.6

Ethyl Acelate Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol

50

(continued)

TABLE

1.4:

ACRYLIC

RESINS-ROHM

AND

HAAS

(continued)

0

TYPE OF ACRYLIC Plextglas G II UVA.
II-UVT. G-UVT DL

PLASTICS

?

3

z. s Plextglas
K DL Plexrglas 55 Plexrglas IA UVA Plexrglas MC 4 2 2

COMPOUND ORGANIC

CLASS Ethylene

NAME Dichlorrde Sebacate

TYPE

CONCENTRATION. %

COMPOUNDS

R-S co.1 0.0 <O.l -0.2 14s A-C 0.0

DL 0.0 -0.1 A-C DL

DL 0.1 0.1 0.1 C A A DL

s $ ? 5’ z x % 8 8 h

P-Ethylhexyl Heptane lsooctane Isopropyl

q.o.1 0.0 -rO.l

s-o.1 0.0 co.1 0.1 5.8s A-C DL

Alcohol

99

Methyl Alcohol Phenol (Aqueous) Toluene Chemical Resistance Code: A C 0 DL E R S = = = = = = = Attacked Crazed Discolored Dlssolved Edge Swellmg Rubbery Swollen 5

0.1 5.5s A-C DL

*Weight change is affected by the thickness of the material. Values given are for the thickness noted in the column heading. *“Although carbon tetrachloride causes negligible weight change in contact with PLEXIGLAS sheet, it does cause optical distortion used with PLEXIGLAS.

of the surface. Carbon tetrachloride

should not be

TABLE BAREX

1.5: 210

ACRYLIC Resin

RESIN-SOHIO

CHEMICAL acrylate-butadiene polymer.

is an acrylonitrile-methyl

Chemical Resistance of Barex 210% Resin
“F/T Observed Change “FiT Observed Change

ACIDS
1090 30% 100% Hydrochloric Sulfuric

Carbon Tetrachioride 73123 100138 73123 100138 73123 100/38 73123 lOdl38 73123 100138 Hydroxide 73123 100138 73123 100/38 73123 100138 73123 100/38 73123 100138 73123 100138 73123 100138 73123 100/38 None None None None None Frosted, Softened None None None Yellowed None Softened None None None
None Slight Frost
1 ,l ,l,

73123 100138 73123 100138 73123 100138 73123 100138

Trichloroethane

Trichloroethylene Methylene Chloride

Acetic

30% Phosphoric 10% Nitric

None None None None None None Frosted, Rubbery Frosted, Rubbery Softened Softened Frosted, Softened Frosted, Softened None None None None None None None None None None None None None Frosted, Softened

KETONES
Acetone Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl lsobutyl Ketone
73123 100138 73123 100138 73123 100138

BASES
10%

Ammonium

Barium Hydroxide Calcium Hydroxide 10% Potassium Hydroxide 10% Sodium Hydroxide

ALCOHOLS
Ethyl Alcohol Isopropyl Alcohol Glycol
73123 100/38 73123 100138 73123 100138

Frost, Softened Slight Frost Frost, Softened None None None None None None

HYDROCARBONS
Benzene Toluene Xylene

ESTERS
Butyl Acetate Cellosolve Acetate Ethyl Acetate
73123 100/38 73123 100138 73123 100138

Exposure time in all testing was one year.

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

TENITE esters are cellulose derivatives of acetate, butyrate, and propionate. Tenite plastics for molding and extrusion are supplied in the form of pellets. These resins have good processability and finished articles may be resoftened by heat and reshaped by the application of suitable forces. thermoplastic

Effect of Various
Material CHEMICALS Acids Tested

Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Alcoholr. Tested

Acetate
Tim0 Exposed

I

Percent

Increase

l-

hicknes!

Observed Condition of Plastic

l-

Percent Wai#n

Increase licknen

-r

Obsmad of

Plastic

Condition

monohydric

‘Acetic. 590 ‘Acetic, 10%

I year 1 week 1 week 6 days (100°F 1 year

5 53 5 44 17.03

3 19 3 03 22 57 1.67

Shghtly

softened,

surface

‘Acetic. 30% *Chromic. 6% Citric, 10% ‘Citric. 10% ‘Citric, 30% ‘Fluosi!iclc, 10% ‘Fluosillclc. 28% Formic, 3% Hvdrochlorlc. +Hydrochlorrc, l Hydrochloric, ‘Hydrofluoric, ‘Hydrofluoric, Lacttc, 10% “Lactic. 50% “N~rrlc, 10% Ol0C ‘Phosphoric. 30% ‘Phosphoric, 50% *Phosphoric, 75% Pyrogallic. 4% sreanc ‘Sulfuric, 3% ‘Sulfuric, 10% ‘Sulfuric. 20% ‘Tannic. 10% Tartaric ‘Trichloroacetlc 6% 6% 10% lo?/, 48%

)
2 63

attacked Shghtly softened, surface attacked Softened Softened and swollen Unchanged Decomposed Decomposed Slightly warped Slrghtly warped Unchanged Unchanged Softened Softeled and swollen Softened and swollen Decomposed Unchanged Shghtly softened, surface atracked Decomposed Unchalged Unchanged Brittle, surface attacked Decoliposed Stamed yellow Unchanged Softened Decomposed Decomposed Softened Unchanged Decomposed

n-Am+ tert.Amyl n-Bury1 seeBury tert-Butyl *Drawtone ‘Ethyl *Ethyl, 50% 2.Ethylhexyl lroamyl lsobutyl *Isopropyl ‘Methyl *Methyl, 5% vvPropyl l Tetrahydrofurfuryl
Alcohols, Glycerin di. and tri-hydric

2 days 2 days Z days 2 days Z days

-0.36 -0.17 1.41 0.36 -2.00

0.26 0.19 1.40 0.76 0.26

Jnchanged Jnchanged Jnchanged Surface bleached slightly Unchanged Dissolved Swollen and softened Swollen and softened Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Blushed. softened, and swollen Blushed and softened Blushed Softened and swollen

2 months l14O’F) 1week (140°F) 2 monrhs 2 months 20 days 2 days 2 days 1 month 1 month 1month 2 days 2 days 1 week 1 year 2 months 2 months 1week 1 week 1 week 1 month 1 year 6 months 4 months (14O’F) 2 days 1 month

2 days 1week 1 week 2 days 2 days 2 days 2 days I year 2 days 3 days

12.70 14.46 -0.36 -1.70 10.90 22.60 3.96 2.20

27.90

0.14

-1.30 -1.67

2.03 0 00

1.26 0 06 2.06

0.05 -0 61 1 49

0.42 16.40 51.00 2.59 4.22

3 14 6 80

1 50 4 34

Ethylene Glycol ‘Oiethylene Glycol ‘Triethylene Glycol

1 year 1 year 4 months 4 months 2 days

-0.66 1.29 20.76 25.40 0.39

-0.15 1.39 15.94 22.69 0.42

-3 33 2 03 1 63 7.60 304

-0 83 0.63 -0 42 3 55 2.19

Propylene Glycol Bases ‘Ammonium Hydroxide, 10% ‘Sodium Hydroxide, 1% ‘Sodium Hydroxide. 10% ‘Trimethylbenzyl Ammomum Hydroxide. 5%
EltW

Unchanged Very slightI\ softened Warped and softened; surface attacked Warped and softened, surface attacked Unchanged

1 month 1 month I week 17 days

12.41 -0.12 -4.07 5.85

Softened; surface attacked bftened and warped I&composed iwollen and checked

7.62 2.93

1 63 1.60

Acetate ‘sec.Bury1 Acetate ‘Ethyl Acetate ‘Ethyl Lactate
‘n-Rutyl

! days ! days

7.24 3.74

9.75 3.62

iurface attacked iurface attacked Irnolved Irssolved

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTVRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various
Material Tested &err *Ethylene Acetate Acetate, ‘Ethylene Acetate Acetate; Acetate) klsoamyl ‘Isobutyl *Isopropyl ‘Methyl Acetate Acetate Acetate Acetate silicate 1 month (122°F) 2 days 2 days 2 days 1.89 7.82 1.32 0.61 4.32 a.44 fCont) Glycol Monoethyl Ether EE 2 days Time Expord Pornon Weidtt
WOOS?

Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Hydrocarbons Tested

Acetate
Trme Pann Wei& hicknos Observed Condition of Plastic

l-

hlckna

Otnervad Condition of Plastic

Expoad
46 hours flOO’F, 60% R If.1 24 hours f14O’F. 88% R.H.) 2 months 1 month 1 year

(Cont.) (Moth (Moth balls) balls) 094 2.02 0.00 0.00 a.92 2.12 Showed Showed considerable considerable plasticizer plashcizer exudatron exudation Unchanged Unchanged Swollen and slightly softened Unchanged

Surface attacked

‘Naphthalena

(EKTASOLVE’= Cello~olve Glycol Methyl (EKTASOLVE Monomethyl

Acetate) Ethel Oraolved EM

l Naphthalene
Propane, Propane, gas

Cellosolve Surface attacked Surface attacked Surface Dissolved attacked

liqurd

l Toluene
Xylene Hydrocarbons, *Carbon ‘Chlorobenzene ‘Chlorobromomethane ‘Chloroform Halogenatad

1year
Tetrachloride 2 months

14.92

4.12

Unchanged Orssolved Dissolved Dissolved

Tetra(2ethylbutyl)

-2.39

-0.83

Unchanged

EUWS
‘Oiethyl Ether Ether 2 days 2 days 1.38 -9.31 11.20 -0.15 Blushed and swollen Unchanged Dissolved ‘Oi-Isopropyl ‘1.4.Oioxane Ethar Alcohols ‘Oiethylene Ether ‘Diethylene Glycol Monobutyl 06; Ether 2 days 11.20 12.30 Swollen, Dissolved surface attacked 2 days 1.02 1.63 Surface attacked slrghtly (EKTASOLVE Glycol Glycol Carbitol) Glvcol Monobutyl EBButyl Monoethyl Monomethyl EM, Ether 2 days 23.10 25 30 Swollen Dissolved and slightly softened Ether 2 days 1.95 2.64 Surface attacked shghtly

l o-Oichlorobenzene
p_Orchlorobenzene ‘p-Oichlorobenzene *Ethylene Chlorrde Chlorrde Chlorrde

3 days 3 days 3 days (100°F. 80% R.H.)

9.80 2.24 6.57

4.44 0.73 4.03

Slightly

swollen

Unchanged Showed Orssolved Dissolved some plasticizer exudation

l Methylene
‘Propylene

2 days 3 days 2 weeks 16 hours

25.30 5.36

2.06 3.45

Blushed and blistered Shghtly Orssolved Unchanged swollen

Bury1 Carbitol) Monoethyl DE. Carbitol) Monomethyl OM; YTetrabromoethane (EKTASOLVE

l Diethylene
Ether Methyl ‘Ethylene

l Tetrachloroethane
Tetrachloroethylene ‘Trrchloroethylene Ketones ‘Acetone ‘Cyclohexenone Oi-Isopropyl ‘Methyl ‘Methyl ‘Methyl ‘Methyl Ethyl Ketone Ketone Ketone Ketone Ketone 2 days 2 days 2 davs 40.40 51.30 0.64 2 days 2 davs 0.04 13.40 0.31 16.20 32 20

(EKTASOLVE

Surface attacked

(EKTASOLVE Cellosolve) ‘Ethylene ‘Ethylene Ether Methyl Glycol Glycol (EKTASOLVE

Dissolved Dissolved Unchanged Swollen, Dissolved surface attacked

EE. Cellosolve)

n_Butyl

(EKTASOLVE Cellosolve

lsobutyl n-Propyl

7.39
78.50 0.24

Swollen, Swollen

surface attacked and warped, surface

Hydrocarbons ‘Benzene ‘Butadiene-1.3. ‘Butadiene-1.3, Heptane Vndtcotu rc,,. that material ir generally liqurd gas

attacked

I week I year
I month

5.94 -9.42 4.21 -5 Jar YIC in conmcr 36

17.47 a.85 2.77 -1.20

Softened tiarped

and swollen and shrunken

Phorone

Stained yellow

Showed exudation Unchanged Acetalc under thr condimnr of rhu

I year
unr0rirfacrar-y

with TENITE

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Tested Time Expo&?d Percent Weight Increase Thickness Obsetwd Condition of Plastic Material salts (Cant) Acetate, Chloride, Chloride, solution Sulfate, solution Chloride, solution Nitrate, Nitrate, Sulfate, Sulfate, sohd 10% solid 16% 30% 3 months 2.95 3.56 2.00 Unchanged Slightly bleached &fluoride, Basic, 19% 2 months 2 months 2 months 3 97 3.25 0.34 2.07 1.65 0 00 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Potassium *Potassium *Potassium solution Potassium solution Potassium solution Permanganate. saturated Iodide, saturated Chloride. Cyanrde. Cyanide. 10% 19% saturated Tened

Acetate
Time EXpOnd Percent Weight Increase Thickness Obwwd Condition of Planlc

salts
Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum saturated Aluminum Ammonium saturated Ammonrum saturated Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Calcium Calcium Calcium Calcium ‘Calcium solid Calcium Calcium Calcium Cupric Cupric Cuprous solution Ferric Ferric *Ferric Chloride, Chloride. Chloride, 5% 20% 46% saturated solid sohd 5% Sulfate, sohd 21% solution 2 months 2 months 2 months 2.93 2.50 2.61 2.12 1.91 046 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Surface 2.93 3 12 5.66 (lOOoF) 3.89 0.02 I .64 1.94 tacky Phosphate, Phosphate, Sulfate, Sulfate, Sulfate, 10% saturated solution Dibasic, Tribasic, solid soled 1 year 1 year 1 year 2 months 2 months 1 week -3.27 -3.74 -0.20 3.50 3.07 2.26 -0.6 -0.87 0.42 1.76 1.66 2.75 33% water slurry

1year
2 months 2 months 3 days 2 days

3.29 -5.84 -1.15

I.34
-4.64 -2.66

Unchanged Discolored Discolored Stained and softened and softened

yellow black

I month I month I week
1 week 1 year 1 year 2 days

3.27

1.39

Stained

1.43 0.14 2.91 0.0 3.66 2.91 2.93 0.61 2.94 -1.09

0.36

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Potassium Potassium

Sulfate, Sulfate, 3%

sohd 10% solid

1 year

0.06 2.60 1.97 2.96 4.03 2.66 -0.10 -0.74 2.52 1.26 (140°F) 1 03 -4.20 -0.64 0.37 3.60 0 65 -0.26 2.56 -0

0.40 1 46 0.61 1.60 2.37 1.56 06 1.53 0.54 -0.52 -5.60 -2.59 0 -2.25

Unchanged Unchanged Slightly softened Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Slightly softened Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Drscolored, Discolored, Unchanged Unchanged softened softened

008
156

I year
2 days 2 days 1 week 2 days 4 days 1 year 1 year solution solution solution 2 months 2 months 2 months 2 months 1 week 1 month 5% 2 days 2 months solrd

Srlver Nitrate, Sodium Sodium Sodium

Bicarbonate, Bisulfrte, Borate, 20% 2.5%

i

055 1.64 0.61 2.10 0.16 1.96 1.38

Chloride, Chloride, Chloride, Phosphate,

solid 2.5% 40% 6% Monobasic.

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Slightly Brittle, softened surface attacked

Sodrum Sodium Sodrum Sodium Sodium

Carbonate, Carbonate, Chlorrde.

solid 2.5% 10%

1year
2 months 3 months 1 year

Hypochlorite,

Chloride,saturated Chloride,saturated Cyanide. Cyanide, Fluoride, 10% saturated 4%

I

‘Sodrum Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged *Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodrum Sodium ‘Sodrum *Sodium ‘Sodrum Sodrum Sodrum

Ferrocyanrde,

solid

Hypochlorite, Nrtrate. Nitrate, Nrtrate. Nrtrite, Nitrite, Srlicate, Srlicate, 5% hydrous saturated solrd 10%

0 35 -0.23 145 0 65 -0.36 0.27 0.19 -2.60 3 20 0 00

Softened. Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Etched Softened Unchanged Unchanged Drssolved

wface

attacked

Chlorrde,

saturated

1year
solutron 2 months 2 months solutron solution 2 months 2 months 2 months 17 days 1 weak -0

sarurated soltd saturated solid saturated Ammonium salt

1.46
42 0.76 0.57 -0.34 0.59 0.96

Ferric Chloride,

1week
2 days 2 days 2 days 4 months

Magnesium Magnesium Mercuric Potassium Potasswm

Chloride, Sulfate, Chloride, Aluminum Chloride,

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Surface attacked slightly Unchanged

Trimethylbenzyl Chloride, Zinc Chloride, ‘Zmc Chlorrde,

I.75
2.61 075

solution

I year

1week

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Materiel Tested
Miscellaneous Compounds. Ammoniated ‘A”lllne Carbon Carbon ‘Chlorine. ‘Chlorme, *Chlorine, *Ethylene ‘Eugenol ‘Formaldehyde. Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Solution ‘Hydroquinone, ‘lodme, saturated 20 g/gal solution 1 week 2 days 35% Sulfide, Sulfide, Sulfide. dry moist saturated Dwlflde Disulfide. dry moist saturated Oxide, gas solution saturated Chemicals, and Gases Mercury 1 Time EXpOpd ,creas.? Wei&1

Acetate

rhicknm 5

Observed Condition of Plastic

Material Te~ed Aeronautical and Automotive Item! (Cont.)

lOctane 011

Time EXPOred

Obreweci Condition of P1asttc

week (60°C) 0.59 5 85 3.58 2.96
1.86 2.39

Unchanged Dissolved Unchanged Unchanged Crazed and brittle Crazed and brittle Softened swollen and conslderably

Gasolines Aviarlon. (Soconv Company) Eao Extra High-Test Regular Fire Chief Sky Chief Esso Regular Shell Shell Texaco and swollen and swollen Texaco Hydraulic Skydrol Skydrol 500 Fuel 3 Oil Company) Jet Propulsion (Humble Kerosene 011s Aeroshell Purol and badly Shell Socony Dlala No 12 1 VfA3l 115145 Vacuum

-5 56

Slightly

statned

1 month 2 days 1 week I week 1 week 1 day 1 week 1 month
2 months 2 months

atmosphere

0.77 0 12

-2 58 -2 33 -2 29 -1.90 -2 49 -3.35 -1.07 1.15 -6.00 -084 -0 24 0.42 -1.64

Stamed yellow Stamed yellow Stamed yellow
Stained Stamed Stained yellow yellow light yellow

18.54 11.82 1 05 3.95 1.58 5 58 2.48

39 70 0.94 0.75 2.29 2.22 3 11 0 82

Softened Dissolved Softened Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Stained Stained Softened, warped

FluIds Unchanged Surface dulled Unchanged Unchanged

hght yellow hght brown swollen,

-5.95
-0.31 -1 -0 -1 72 08 92

-2 01 -0 82 -0 12 -0.30

Unchanged Unchanged No change Unchanged

HO. SAE Oil OTE Spew A50,

10
Hew

‘Nitrobenzene *Phenol, ‘Sulfur ‘Sulfur ‘Sulfur 5% Dioxide. Dioxide, Dioxide. dry moist saturated solution

3 days 1 week 2 months 2 months 2 months

011 AX

6 months 2 months 3 days 4 weeks (122°F)
011,

Decomposed

Mrdlum Texaco

17.30 13 50 10.60

11.60 9.71 13.50

Swollen Swollen Swollen warped

and warped and warped and conslderably

1692

Low-Temperature MIL-L-644B Nonautomotive

Greases and Oils Almonds 50% I” n-Buranol O&solved

‘Titanium

Tetrachloride 10%

‘Triethanolamine ‘Triethanolamine,

3 days I week I week

Very brlrtle 11.72 -5.16 24.90 Badly softened 0.69 Softened. surface attacked

Essential ‘Bitter

Oils

Borneol. CItronella ‘ClOVes

2 days 2 days 21days 21days 21days 21days 21days 71jays

0 10 0 56 0.28

033 0 33 0.14 0 09 0 19 0 51
062

Unchanged Unchanged Dtaolved Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unc’ianged Unchanged Unchanged

COMMERCIAL AND NATURAL PRODUCTS Aeronautical and Automotive Items
Gasolines,

Amoco Regular Amoco Premium Aviation, 100 Octane (Standard Oil Company)

I year

I year
I year

-2 80 -2 92 -4.41

-0.19

08 -1 12
-0

I

Eucalyptus Lemon Menthol, Palmarosa Pennyroyal Spea!mtnt 50% I” n-Butanol

Stained ltght yellow Unchanged Slighrly stained

0.26 004 0 98 1.03

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Nonautomotive (CotIt) Essenttal Oils 2 days (White) 2 days 1 year 2 days 4 months 011 Oil. G.E., 011, Pyranol Items Odor Neutralizer 2 months 3 weeks Halt Dressing 3 days 2 days 3 days Acid. Solution Grounds Dental Sticks Barb Salts LIpstIck Lipstlck Frozen Pomade Pineapple 5% Insect Fly Killer Killer Concentrate Cream 5% 1 week 1 week 2 days 3 days 2 days (in 0.00 refrigerator) Brilliantine ‘Burma Butter Carbolic Catsup ‘Clorox Coffee Colgate “Cologne ‘Coty ‘Coty Coty Dole Dreft Dwin Dwin Glim Glim Unchanged Slightly swollen ‘Lysol Marie Earle Talcum Powder Powder Base Cream Max Factor Decomposed Slightly Badly stained softened Mercurochrome Milk Minute Maid Frozen Grapefruit Orange Tangerine Lemonade Mustard Oleomargarine Detergent. Household Stamless Detergent Detergent, 10% 2 months 1 week 1 week 2 months 2 months 0.93 -0.02 0.24 -0.99 1.99 1.31 0.00 0.00 1.80 1.49 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Slightly warped, showed surface Pine Bath Oil ‘Port-a-Fount Liquid Dentifrice spots on drying Unchanged Orange Juice Concentrate Peanut Butter Powder Pebeco Tooth and slightly Concentrates: Mayonnaise Mennen Shave Cream Shave Cream -0.72 5.65 Unchanged Unchanged No 10-C 0.06 0.37 -0.85 2.74 -2.18 -3.20 (194’F) -4.03 -2.94 -3 58 0.09 0.05 0 16 1.58 -0.95 -1.25 0.00 0.56 0.00 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Surface attacked shghtly iced Coffee Mmeral Sour Sperm Oil 011 Unchanged Shghtly Slightly stained warped Iced Tea *Joy Joy Detergent Detergent, Soft 10% OrInk Lipstock MIX Crude Terpineol Thyme Turpentine ‘Wintergreen Tsned Greases and Oils Time EXpored Percent Wei&t IncreaLe Thickness Observed Condition of Plastic Howhold Hershey’s Hind’s *Hydrogen Hydrogen Horseradish Peroxtde. Peroxide, 3% 5% Material Items Honey Tested (Cont) Syrup Cream

Acetate
Time

T

Percent Wei$t

bxreaLe 1hickne!

lLI

EXpoad

Observed Condition of Plastic

Chocolate

1 week

167 1.80 4.46 3.10 1.87 1.98 -3.27 -0.32

0.74 4.30 2.95 1.73 0.86 1.04 10.05 1.82

Unchanged Slightly Bleached Shghtly Stained Unchanged Swollen Surface Stained Unchanged and slightly attacked warped Unchanged slightly warped and softened bleached Unchanged

& Almond

I week
3 days 1 year 2 days 1 week 1 week 2 months 2 months 3 days 3 days 3 days 1 week 1 week

I year
1 week 1 week (180°F) 1 week (194°F)

Transformer Transformer Household Air-Wick Bacon

Unchanged Unchanged

Kool-Aid Lady Lard Lemon

Esther Juice

4.30 2.47 0.97

4.00 1.37 1.24

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Badly softened

Lemonade Lever Tooth Paste

4 days (lOOoF) 1 year 3 days 3 days 3 days 2 days 2 days 3 days 1 week 1 week

Unchanged

2.61

-0.73

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Unchanged Unchanged Badly Slightly stained warped and swollen brittle

3 26

1.46

Stained

light pink

Unchanged 1.94 2.01 1.87 0.62 0.92 0.72 0.86 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Stained Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged 2.65 2.00 1.17 Unchanged Stained light green Softened and slightly swollen

I day I day
40 days 28 days 1 week 1.92 1.04

Softened

I week 1week
2 days 3 days 3 days 3 days 3 days (100°F) 1 week 2 days

1.77
2.78

Unchanged Unchanged

1.44

1.38

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various
Percent Wei& Increase hicknes

Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@

Acetate
Observed Condition of Plastic

Matwial liousahold Powder Amolin Spiro &lest ‘Rad Household Hudnut Lotion ltamr Deodorants

Tested (Cont.)

lime

EXpOpd

Obsewed Condition of Planic

Material Tested Miscellaneous Caultmg (Coot) (average of

Time EXpOred

hicknes

Compound Smash Syrup

I week I year
3 days

~l40’F)

-2

68 2 58 1 83 0 32

-0 05
1.36 3 20

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Statned sllghfly Unchanged Swollen, Very Unchanged Unchanged VerY slightly softened softened, and warped

1 week 1 week 1 week Cleaner Cteme Waving

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged (16O’Fi 3.57 4 90 2.15 Swollen and showed exudation Unchanged

five brands) Cherry CowCola Creosote ‘2.4.0 (Amme solld 6% in Flit Insect Spray (Ester Weed Killer 12.7% free acid) Weed Killer, addeN 2 months 1 week 4 days No 10856 Bail Porn (for 2 months 2 weeks and Oenison 1 48 0 38 069 2 06 204 1.41 0 39 0 00 5 12 0 62 Very slightly softened Type. 14% free acid) Concentrare Chlordane, 20% Syrup Concentrate

1day

I year
8 months 2 months 2 months -2

132
0.73 2 96 I 94 0 00 039 -045

Richard

1 day (lOOoF

59 I 59 2 82 0 17 0.38 2.80

‘Ronronol ‘Servac Shoe Polish Kllafl

Lighter Detergent

Fluid

1year
1 year 3 daYs

-5.85

-1.32

Softened

and etched

2.4-O. DOT. DOT.

4 tablespoons/gal

slightly

softened

Decomposed 0.15 (19O’Fl 1.0 2.50 0.08 2.06 4.72 3.24 0.00 4 13 Stained Stamed

I week
1 week 2 months

‘End-O.Weed Type.

Shinola Soap, *Stanlay Stokely’r Tamp Tide Tomato Toni Toni ‘Vicks ‘Vitalis Watkins Welch’s Welch’s Wildroot Mioallaneour Blood ‘Budweiser Canada ‘Carboseal liquid Carboreal vapor Gas Antileak Compound, 2 months 000°F) 2.76 0.81 Lager Beer Balsam Gas Antileak Compound. 1 week lweek 3 weeks 2months(100°F) 5.28 -0.01 26.60 10% Floor Cleaner Detergent, Juice 5% (Campbell’s) Cleaner Juice

I dav
1 week I week
1 day

End-O-Weed 0.07 1.36 1.24 1.52 0 86 1.28 2 16 37.30 -1.34 1.74 2.25 0.04 1.02 1.03 1.30 Softened Unchanged Unchanged Shghtly warped Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Badly stamed swollen Orange

4 tablespoons!gal Flit Insect Spray with &DOT Inks Cado Caner’s Cushman Shghtly Stamed stamed blue Unchanged

2 months

I week
3 daYs 3 days 2 days

Unchanged

Wave Lotion Wave Lotion Oecongestant Hair Tonic Fly Spray Frozen Grape Juice Neutraluer

felt tip pens) Oiagraph-Bradleys E-Z Brite ‘Parker Sanford’s Sanford’s Marking Sheaffar’s Latex Mmeral Em&Ion Spmts Insecticide. Industrial liquid Edge Black Ori.Line Skrip L’arkmg Black Superchrome Stencil 2 months

(122°F )

1.08

-4 49
3 52

Stamed StaIned Swollen, Very Stained

black amber stamed sramed red slightly

3days
2 months

Considerably Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

1week
2 days 1tOO”F) 3 days 3 days

1week
I week 3 days

Concentrate Grape Juice Cream 011

1month
1 Year IO days 2 months -6 -6 -3

112 00 5 1 69 24 -0 -2.23 -1.4 0.68 82

StaIned Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Unchanged

Mortemoth Naphfha. softened, and stained Pamts

3.93 0.00
22.50

Swollen Swollen, Shghtly

I month
Outside 1011 base) 1 week

Ou Poor stamed Yellow Kemtone

Oulux

-1

52

-0.26

Unchanged Unchanged

Enamel

I day

*Indarer ,111.

rhor marenal

is~encrolly

unkvisfacrory

for YIC tn conr~cr

with

TENITE

Acrurc

under

rhr condtrlonr

of rhrl

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Miscellaneous Pamts Luminall L402 Pittsburg One-Coat Peach (water Semt-Gloss White 1 week -1.20 -0.42 UnchangedInterior. 1 week 331 1.61 Unchanged Tested Time Enpored Percmt Wei& increase Thickness Observed Condition of Plastic Material Miscellaneous Weed-B-Gon ‘Weedone Weedone Tested

Acetate
Time

Percent Weight

Increase hicknw

EXpored

Observed Condition of Plastic

(Cont.)

(Cont.) Weed Killer, I month Tvpe. 2 months 2 months 3.32 2 88 2.56 160 1.66 1.62 Unchanged very very slightly slightly swollen swollen

2% tablespoons/gal Weed Killer Weed Killer, (Ester 9% free acid) 5 tablespoons/gal

emulsion1 (011 base) Photographic (All KODAK Acid *o-72 OK.50 Products Brand) Fixer Oweloper Developer 1 week 1 week 1 week 4 46 3.43 4.58 2.56 2 53 2.89 Unchanged Shghtly Stained softened light amber (Polycarbonate cracked when

Polycarbonate

Plastic

(Laxan)

3 days (lOOoF, 80% R.H.)

Unchanged softened, flexed) Unchanged Showed 0.32 -3.37 2.68 0.38 0.55 -1.30 -0.05 0.12 -3.59 1.94 3 00 -1.60 3.09 1.90 -1 0.16 -1.11 0.74 0.12 0.56 01 0 00 0 00 7.98 2 50 1.45 -0.28 1.96 1.74

Ouinine Refrigerants. Freon Freon Freon Freon ‘Freon Freon Freon Solvex Stoddard Super ‘Taxite ‘Tincture Toxaphine, Ultra Solvex 22, gas 22, liquid 114, gas 114. liquid Scale gal 11 12. gas 12. liquid

2 days (120°F) 2 hours 1 month 1 month 1 month 1 month 1 month 1 month 3 days 1 week Remover U.S.P. 1 day 2 months 3 days 1 month 1 week I year Weed Killer 13 8% free acid) (Ester 1 month

exudation

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Dissolved Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen, Swollen, Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged partially slightly dissolved softened

Mamtenance 2 lb/l0 Solvent

Retarder. Market Paint

Fly Spray and Varnish

of Green Soap.

61% (12%solution) Oescaling Agent.

(100°F)

i Tl ?NITE,
Most tests were conducted
by

3 lb/IO gal Varsol No. 2 Solvent water ‘Weed-B.Gon Type,

placing dry, injection-molded

specimens

of TENITE Acetate

in contact with the other material for the period of time shown.

Most figures given are the are reported exasrly,
(23’C) and solu-

result of a single test, and the measured gains in weight and thickness without
tions

rounding.
aqueous.

Unless

stated

otherwise,

tests

were

conducted

at 73’F

were

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Tested Time Exposed Percent Werght Increase Thickness Observed Condrtion of Plastic Alcohols, ‘n-Butyl 5% 10% 30% 5% 6% 10% 10% 69% 10% 28% 3% 10% 10% 48% 2 days 8 months 1 year 30% 50% 75% 4% 3% 10% 20% 2 months 2 months 2 months 1 week 1 wek 1 year 1 year 1 year 1.60 1.50 0.91 0.97 0.74 0.31 2 56 1.08 2.31 1.26 1.58 1.53 0.80 0.75 1.60 0.50 1 year 3.59 Material Tested (Cont.)

Butyrate
Time Exposed Percent Increase Thickness Observed Condaion of Plastic

-

Weight

CHEMICALS
Acids Acetrc, Acetic, *Acetic, Boric, Chromic, Citric, Citric, *Citric,

Monohydric

2 days 2 days 2 daqs 2 davs 1 weak 1 week 2 days 2 days

6 45 7 20 3.62 23.00 13.40 2 02 23.40

7.20 1070 3.30 24.70 11.60 2 12 25 10

Swollen SWollen Shghtly Drssolved Softened Softened Swollen Very slightly softened Softened, Drssolved tacky softened

2 months
2 months 2 days 8 days (100°F) 4 months 1 year 4 months 2 months 2 months 20 days 1 year 1 month (140°F) fl4O”Fl

5.22
13.60 1.25 2.00 1.64 1.38 4.45 4 69

2.07 2.38
0 58 0.00 0.13 0.78 0.62 1.20 3.57

Slightly Slightly Softened

softened softened and wollen stained

‘sec_Butyl

l tert.Butyl
‘Oracetone ‘Ethyl ‘Ethyl. (denatured) 50%

Unchanged Slightly Slightly Surface

softened attacked

‘t.Ethylhexyl ‘Isoamyl *Isopropyl ‘Methyl Methyl. 5%

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Fluosilicic, Fluosilicic, Formic,

1 year 2 days

2.02 1500

1.24 4.40

Shghtly Slrghtly Orssoived

softened softened

Unchanged 0.86 10.30 0.53 5.47 Surface Slightly Drssolved Unchanged Decomposed Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Partially Stained Slightly Slightly Slightly attacked decomposed slightly swollen attacked and softened

‘n_Propyl

Hydrochloric,

l Hydrofluoric,
‘Hydrofluoric, Lactic, *Nitric, Oleic Phosphoric, Phosphoric, *Phosphoric, Pvrogallic, Stearic Sulfuric, Sulfuric, *Sulfuric, 50% 10%

l Tetrahydrofurfuryl
Alcohols, ‘Drethylene 2-Ethyl Ethylene Glycerin Propylene “Triethylene Bases Glycol Glycoi Di. and Tri-hydric Glycol Hexanedrol.1.3 Glycol 2 months 2 days (lOOoF) 1 year 1 year 2 days 2 months 4.24 0.03 0.44 8.61 2.10 0.4 1 0 00 6 70 8 24 6.10

Softened Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Softened

yellow drscolored discolored softened, surface

‘Ammonium Calcrum saturated Sodrum *Sodium

Hydroxide, Hydroxide. solutron 1% 10% Hydroxide, Hydroxide. 5%

10%

2 months 1 week 1 year 8 months 17 days

21.87 1 72 0.95 3.19 1.13

12.93 0.65 0.61 2.20 0.00

Softened Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanged

Unchanged

Trimethylbenzyl Hydroxrde.

Ammonium

*Sulfuric, ‘Sulfuric, Tannic.

3D% 94% 10% 1% 5%

1 year 4 months (lOOoF)

-0.42 2 75 3.28 9.25

-0.29 1.20 0.50 3.07

Surface

attacked EStWS ‘n-Buy1 ‘sec.Butyl Dioctyl Acetate Acetate Adipate 1 year 1 month (122°F) 0.91 Small gain Dissolved 0 32 Phthalate Acetate Dissolved Dissolved Unchanged

Disintegrated Unchanged Unchanged Softened

Trichloroacetic, ‘Trichloroacetrc,

1month
1 month

Dr-2.Ethylhexyl ‘Ethyl

Alcohols, Monohydric
n-Amy1 ‘tert-Amy1 2 days 2 days 3.06 14.00 3 00 11.30 Unchanged Softened, tacky

Vndicarcr ICII.

rhot material

isgencr4lly

unsatir/ncrory for use in conr4cr

wth

TENITE

Burpore

under the condrrionr

o/this

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Mearia Tened Esters (Cont.) ‘Ethyl ‘Ethyl ‘Ethylene Acetate Acetate; ‘Ethylene Acetate Acetate; Acetate) Lactate Propionate Glvcol Monoethyl Acetate) Ether Drssolved Hydrocarbons, ‘Carbon ‘Chlorobenzene ‘Chlorobromomethane Acetate Acetate Acetate Acetate Acetate Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved Halogenated EM Tetrachlorrde Ether EE lEKTASOLVEQ Cellosolve Glycol Methyl (EKTASOLVE Monomethyl Cellosolve Drssolved Drssolved Dissolved Time EvJ=-t Percent Wei&t Increase Thickness Observed Condition of Plastic Material Hydrocarbons Propane, Propane, ‘Toluene ‘Xylene ga: liquid Tested

Butyrate
Tnme Exposed Percent Weight Increase Thickness Observed Condition of Plastic

(Cont.) 2 months 2 months 2 days 0 34 1.42 39.30 41.52 0.64 4 55 54.90 33.17 Unchanged Unchanged Softened Softened

1week
2 days

14 80

6 80

Surface Drssolved Drssolved Drssolved

shghtly softened

l ,lsoamyl l Isobutyl
‘Isopropvl ‘Methyl ‘n-Propyl Ethrfl ‘Orchloro ‘Diethyl

l Chloroform
‘o-Drchlorobervene 3 days 3 days 11.14 11.70

Softened Swollen Drssolved Drssolved Dissolved

end swollen

l p-Dichlorobenzene
‘Ethylene ‘Methylene ‘Propylene Chloride Chloride Chlorrde

‘s-Tetrabromoethane Oiethyl Ether Ether Ether 2 days 2 days 46 00 0.78 50.00 Dissolved Considerably Unchanged swollen ‘Tetrachloroethane ‘Tetrachloroethylene ‘Trichloroethylene

3 days

Softened, Dissolved

swollen,

and tacky

Di-Isopropyl Etbn-Alcohols ‘Ethylene ‘Ethylene Cello&e) Hydrocarbons ‘Benzene Gas, Natural,

1.06

12 days

Badly swollen Badly swollen

1day

Glycol Glycol

Monoethyl Monomethyl EM; Methyl

Ether Ether

Dissolved Dissolved

Ketones *Acetone ‘Cyclohexanone ‘Di-Isopropyl *Methyl ‘Methyl *Methyl Ethyl n-Butyl lsobutyl Ketone Ketone Ketone Ketone Dissolved Drssolved Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved Dissolved

(EKTASOLVE (EKTASOLVE

EE; Cellosolve)

Orssolved aromatic-free

‘Phorone slight decrease in and increase Salts Aluminum 33% water Aluminum Aluminum saturated Alvninum Ammonium saturated Acetate, slurry Chloride, Chloride, snlutron Sulfate. solutron solid 3 months 1 month 1.68 2.34 1.07 10% 2 months 2 months 1.48 0.10 0.71 0.00 Basic, 2 months 1.83 0.56 strength

1year
23 days

Showed

tensile strength in impact Gas, Natural, aromatic Heptane Hexane 5% content Showed

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Slrghtly bleached

slight decrease in strength

tensile strength and rncrease in impact

1year
1 week

1.60

2.40

Unchanged Unchanged

Bifluorrde.

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Tested

Butyrate
Time Exposed Percent Weight Increase Thickness Obwved Condttion

salts Clnt.)

I
1 year 1 year 1 year

Tume Exposed

Percent

Increase Material 1 rh,cknes salts nMlt.) Tested

Weight

of Plastic

Ammonium saturated Ammonwm Ammanurn Ammomum Ammonium Calctum Calcwm Calcium Calcwm Calcwm

Chlarlde. solwon Nitrate, NItrate. Sulfate. Sulfate. Chloride, Chloride, Hypochlonte. Hypochlorlte, Phosphate, salld Dlbaslc, lrlbaslc, 10% solution solld solid soled solid 10% solid 10% 2.5% 40% 6% 30%

1 month 1 week

2.11 0 16 1 65 011 1 30 1 49 0 44 6 00 0 77 1.73 -3

0 78

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged. Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Softened Unchanged Unchanged and cracked

Potaswm saturated Potassium Potassium Potaswm Sliver Sadlum S&urn Sodium Sodturn Sodium

Cyanide. solution Ferrlcyanlde, Sulfate. Sulfate, 2 5% 3% Sulfate, 2 5% solId 1% 20% 2 5% solid 2 5% 6% 10% 2 54L 10% saturated saturated solution soiutlon solid solid 10% 10%

2 months 4 days 1 year 1 year 2 days 3 days (lOOoF) 1 week 2 days 1 week 80XR (100°F. H.)

046

0.04

Slightly

discolored

(brown)

0.23 0 75 0 58 0.52 0 88 0 00 75 0 00 0 54

Unchanged 0 12 1 36 1.46 1 30 1 64 1 68 010 1.25 2.14 1 53 1100°F. 3 90 1 28 118 0 93 0 80 0.52 0.44 0 53 0 57 0 37 0 00 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchailged 1 33 0 79 (140°F) 0 89 0 57 1 02 -0 18 0 84 245 111 0 08 1 23 0 92 0 30 -2 09 0 12 0 42 0 39 0 20 -0 0 54 0 31 0 89 0 20 0 28 44 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

1week

Nitrate. Acetare,

2 months 1 year 13 days 1 year

Aluminum Bicarbonate. Bwlfate. Bulfate, Blsulflte, Borate, Carbonate. Carbonate. Carbonate. Carbonate. Chlorlda, Chloride, Chloride. Chloride. Chromate, solution Cyanide, Cyantde. Fluoride.

Monobaw, Calwm Calcium Calcwm copper Copper Cuprous Ferric Ferric Few Ferric Fernc Llthwm Ltrhlum Magnesum Potasswm (alum). Potawm Potasswm Potassium 3otassium 3otasswm

3 days (lOOoF) 1 week 2 days 1 week 1 year 3 days (lOOoF) 1 year 1 year 80% R H.)

Phosphate, Phosphate, Sulfate Sulfate Sulfate. Chloride, Ammomum Chloride. Chloride, Chloride. Chloride, Bromide, Bromide. Aluminum 21% Brcmlde. Chloride, Chloride, Chrome Cyanide. 5% 2G?h 40%

1 year 1 year I year 2 months 2 months 1 week

-0 -0 -0

58 63 10 1 67 1 66 1 50

0 58 0 60 0.55 0 64
0 93

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium

(Gypsum). (CuprIcI, saturated solld Sulfate,

i

solid

1 week 2 months 2 months 2 months

(lOOoF,

025 2 00 1 73 1 34 0 88 -0 -0 68 04 -0 0 75 0 96 043 0 30 04 0.00 1 00 084

Sodturn Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodurn Sodium Sodium Sodwm Sodium Sodium

80% R H

1
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

I year
2 months 2 months 1 week

saturated solid 50%

solution

1 month 1 week 1 week

saturated

10% saturated solId 4% 30% solution

2 months 2 months 1 week 1 month 13 days 2 months 1 year soiut1on 2 months 2 months

Carbonate,

2 5% Sulfate

2 days 4 months l1OO”F

155
1.94

Ferrocyanlde,

3% solId 10% Alum. 10% 10%

3 days (100°F) 1 year 1 year 3 days (100°F) 2 months

1.30 0 09 1 66 1 33 1 40 0 32 0.47 0 44

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Shghtly discolored (brown)

Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodiurr Sodium

Hypochlorlte, NItrate, Nltrate, N~rrafe, solld 10%

saturated

S~hcate. solid

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@ Butvate
Material

fasted

Time

-r

Percent I “crease Weight thickne!

l-

Expnred

Observed Condition of Plastic

Material Miscellaneous

Tested end Gases

Time Exposed

Percent Weight

Increase Thickness

Observed Condition of Plastic

selts (Cont.)
Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Tetra Silicate, Sulfite, saturated 10% 20% 24% Silicate Ammonium solution 2 months 1.16 2.08 1.10 flOO”Fj f122OF) 1.22 -0.74 1.13 0.53 1.37 0.13 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Slightly etched Unchanged

Chemicals

Kant.) Hydrogen saturated *Methyl Ozone. Ozone, *Phenol ‘StYrene Sulfur, *Sulfur Monomer solid Dioxrde, Dioxide. Dioxide. Dioxide Dioxide dry moist saturated solution Sulfide. solution 20 g per gallon Monomer 45 daYs (outdoors) 45 daYs (120°F) I week 1 week 2.39 0.99 Slightly Dissolved Dissolved ppm Unchanged Yellowed Decomposed Dissolved Unchanged 19.40 31.90 23.20 19.20 8.60 10.20 I6 10 11.50 Swollen, slightly warped swollen and stained yellow 2 months 5.87 2.34 Unchanged

1week
13 daYs 3days

Thiosulfate, Thiosulfate, (2Ethylbutyl) Benzyl 5%

0.88 0.00 -0 1

Hydroquinone. ‘Nitrobenzene

1month I7daYs I week
1 week

Methacrylete 0.05-0.15 0.7 ppm

Trimethyl Chloride,

0.06 0.00
0.78

Zinc Chloride Zinc Chloride, Zinc Oxide, Mii&neous Ammoniated *Aniline ‘Benzeldehyde ‘Butedrene-1.3, Butedrene*Carbon *Carbon ‘Chlorine, ‘Chlorine, *Chlorine,

(hYdroussalt) saturated sohd solution

1week
I week (60°C)

I week
2 months 2 months 2 months 2 months 3 days water NATURAL Hems 3 weeks (122°F) slurry 4 weeks

Chemicals and Gases
Mercury Unchanged Oissolved Dissolved liquid S months 1925 2.72 25.62 1740 8.60 26.40 2.34 1.56 11.75 2.22 0.14 Swollen end softened

‘Sulfur *Sulfur ‘Sulfur ‘Sulfur Vapor ‘Trtanium

Consrderably warped Swollen Drssolved Swollen Very brittle

and warped

I,3,

gas

1month
1 week ? days

Unchanged Softened Warped Crazed and brittle Crazed and brrttle Consrderably swollen softened and and swollen

in Hydrocarbons and Hydrocarbon

Oisulfide Oisulfrde, atmosphere dry moist saturated solution

Tetrachloride (TNT). AN0

saturated

Trinitrotoluene

Stained

I week I week I week

7.77

COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS Aeronautical

and Automotive Sealer

Dane Head Radiator

Unchanged

l 1,4-Oioxane
Ethylene Oxide. Oxide, gas gas 4% 35% IO minutes (105”FI 20.85 0.24 12.96 6.74 25.60

Drssolved Unchanged Swollen and softened Unchanged Swollen Dissolved Peroxide, Peroxide, Sulfide, Sulfide, 3% 5% dn/ moist and softened Gasolines, *Amoco ‘Amoco Aviation ‘Avtation Regular Premrum 100 Octane Oil Company) Octane Oil 1 Year 13.9 5 19 11.9 9.9 9.8 5.77 7.5 8 1 Swollen Swollen Swollen Swollen and stained pink and stained pink and stained pink end stained Yellow 1 Year 5.21 6.06 Slightly stained Vacuum 115145

l EthYlene

I daY
IO min per day for 5 days

Formaldehyde, ‘Formaldehyde, ‘Furfural Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen

1Year 1Year
1 Year

7.7 18.4 3.03

5.5 9.5 3.20

Swollen Swollen Slightly

and stemed Yellow discolored

! months
I year

(Standard (SoconY Company) ‘Exxon ‘Exxon *Shell *Shell Extra

1.72 1.40 2.26 3 04

1.07 1.30 0.81 1.65

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

! days ! months ! months

Regular High.Test Regular

1Year
I Year

I Year

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@ Bun/rate
Material Aeronautical (Cont.) ‘Texaco ‘Texaco Hydraulic Fire Chief Sky Chief Fluids: Super 3 Brake FluId 1 week Screwdriver allowed requirement GGG-S-12ld. *Indian Head Brake Fluid Hydraulic 21-6 Brake Fluid Fluid 1 weak 8 months 6 months 1 year 6 months 8 months 3.42 3.87 1.41 3.39 0.29 3.01 3.22 1.32 3.22 0.32 Fluid 500 Hydraulic 1 week Swollen Dissolved Dissolved Swollen and softened and stained handle dipped of Federal in iluid and to stand 3 days passed torsional Specificatmn Nonanomotive Essential ‘Bitter 011s. Almonds 2 days 2 days 2 days 2 days 2 days 6.10 0.45 0.69 041 5.40 4.20 1.01 0.51 0 00 4.50 Dissolved Slightly Slightly softened softened Greases and Oils Swollen Dissolved and softened Pant No. 7 Heavy-Duty Brake Fluid (VV&860) 1 year I year 9.7 15.0 7.0 12 1 Swollen Swollen and stained yellow and stained pink Tatted Time EXPOrag Percent Weight Increase Thickness Observed Condition of Plastic Matenal Aeronautical (Cont.) Purol STP Texaco No. 50, 1692 Low HD, SAE IO 6 months 2 months 2 weeks 4waeks (122’F) (15O’F) -1.09 -0.09 Oil, MIL-L.6448 30 minutes 011 Unchanged Unchanged 5 weeks (140°F) -0 -0.08 -0.16 0.00 10 0.00 0.09 0.17 Unchanged Unchanged Shell DIala 011 AX Tested Items Time ExP=d Percent Weight Increase Thickness Observed Condition of Plastic

and Automotive

Itams

and Automotive

l Oelco
‘Do

Temperature Winsorlube Zerolene

l Skydrol
‘Skydrol Wagner Jet Propulsion Jet Propulsion (Eao

‘Citronella ‘Eucalyptus Lavender Lemon

Unchanged Unchanged Slightly Dissolved Dissolved softened

Fuel IA Fuel 3 Oil Company) Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Oil Company) Fuel 5

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(Shell Oil Company)

l Palmarosa
*Pennyroyal ‘Spearmint Sweet Orange

Standard

Jet Propulsion (Humble (Eao Jet Propulsion Standard Jet Propulsion

Oil Company)

2 days 2 days

0 26 0.56

0.88 0.00

Unchanged Unchanged Dissolved

Terpineol “Thyme ‘Turpentine

(Shell Oil Company) Kerosene Oils: Aeroshell Aeroshell Aeroshell Bearing DuoDrive Houghton MIL-L-7808 No. 2 No. 12 Turbine Guard Oil Oil Safe 1120 Oil Oil Screwdriver allowed requirement GGG-S-121d. handle dipped of Federal in oil and to stand 3 days passed torsmnal Specification Oil No. 300 2 months 1 year 3 days (12O’F) 4 weeks 4 waeks (122°F) 1 week <1 <1 0.27 0.60 0 0.04 0.00 0.34 0 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged 1 week 0.41 1.32 Unchanged

1 year 2 days

99.20 11.80

62.62 9 70

Softened, attacked Unchanged Dissolved

swollen,

surface

‘Vanilla

(Imitation)

‘Wmtergreen Fuel 011 iL1 Fuel 011 f2 Heavy Linseed Mmeral Neatsfoot NO.OX-IO Sihcone Machine 011 Oil 011 Grease 011. Dow-Corning #200 Oil 011 Light Machme 1 week

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged -0.40 -0.16 Unchanged Unchanged Slightly 3.87 0 77 3 10 0.16 stamed Unchanged Unchanged

1week
1 day 1 day I month 4 months 6 weeks 3 days (14O’F) 1 week 3 months

Lubricating

Pme Bath 011

(continued)

TABLE

1.6:

CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Time Exposed Nonsutomotive (Cont.) Sdicone Grease No. 44 (Dow) Oil Greases and Oils

Butyrate
Tame Exposed Percent Weight Increase Thickness Observed Candlt,on of Planic

l-

Percent Weight

Increase hicknes

-r

Observed Cnndltion of Plastic Hotwhold Dreft Items (Cont.1 5% Insect Fly Spray 10% Detergent Syrup Cream and Almond Killer

Detergent. Household Stainless Detergent Detergent, Andy Honey

2 months

131 018 0.51 2 54 147 1.97 1 30 1 20 1 46 1 50

0.50 00 0 38 1.31 0 60 1.50 048 1 50 0.80 1.05 4.07 0 82

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Slightly warped Unchanged Slightly yellowed

IO days (16O’F)
6 months 1 week 1 week 1 week (194’F) -0.78 -0.48 0 00 0 00 0.22 0.00 0 00 3.56 0 00 6 40 2.24

StaIned

yellow,

properties

Dwin Dwin Glim Glim Handy Hind’s

I week
1 week 2 monrhs 2 months 1 year

unaffected Sour Crude Soya 011 Sperm Sperm Oil Oil Oil, G. E No. 10-C Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Hershey’s Transformer Transformer Transformer Wesson 5in-1 Oil Oil Items Odor Neutralizer (694) Mioma Pumex Flotilla Soap Soap Soap Flakes 4 days 4 days 4 days 4 days 3 days (lOOoF) Cake solution 1 day (100°F) 2 days 2 days DIsinfectant Oressmg 1 week 3 days 1 week 3 days Tomato Acid, 5% Juice 1 week 1 77 1.36 1.67 saturated 0.10 012 1 42 1 53 0 78 049 0 52 12.55 1240 Swollen and shghtly softened 1 week (180°F) Oil, Pyranol Oil, Pyranol

Chocolate

1week
1 week 3 days 1 week 1 week

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged StaIned Unchanged Unchanged Slightly Slightly warped stained

I week
1 week 1 week 2 days

(77°F) (194°F)

-0.90 -0.92
-0.74 0 19 0.12

HorseradIsh Iced Coffee Iced Tea insect Repellent “6-12” 10% Lipstick Joy Joy Lady Lard Lava Soap, saturated Lemonade Lemon Lighter Juice FluIds solution Detergent Detergent, Esther

Zdays

IlOO”F) 3 48 1 67

Household ‘Air-Wick Armour Armour Armour Armour Atabrine Avon Borax, ‘Breath Cream Bon Ami.

2 months 2 months 3 days 3 days 2 days 1 week 2 days

Unchanged

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged StaIned Unchanged Unchanged Badly swollen

No. 99 Soap

Unchanged 1 36 1 63 240 0 00 1.01 021 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

2 5% O’Pine

AMR Energene Exxon Kwik-Lite Ronsonol ZlPPO Lighthouse Lighthouse ‘Lysol Cleanser Soap, saturated of water Insecticide. to 0 5% Powder 50% spray solution 5 tablespoonsful

2 months 2 months 2 months 2 days 1 year 2 months 2 days 2 days 2 months

3 03

2 69 3 18 1.28 00 0 95 2 05 0 00 0 00 4.37 4 53 2 36

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Slightly Softened, pitted, Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged softened swollen, cloudy surface when wet

144
1 83 044 0 25 2 17 1 38 1 28 6.97 8.73 2 93

Brilliantine Bubble Butter Campbell’s Carbohc Catsup Clorox Coffee Cologne Cotv Dart Bath

Hair Oil

0 00
0 54

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Decomposed Slightly discolored

I week
I week

Disinfectant.

Solution Grounds Sticks Lipstlck Furniture Polish Pineapple (Kress) Juice

j weks 3davs
12 days

Unchanged Unchanged Dissolved Stamed Very 1.45 0 54 slightly stalned

per gallon “Malathion diluted Marie

I week
3 days 3 days 3 days

Earle Talcum

I days
week

Mayonnaise Milk

Dole Frozen Concentrate

Unchanged

l btdrcarer rhm morerlol rsgrnrrally *cl,.

unror~sf~crory for USCin cmmct

wrrh TENITE

Buryrrrre under rhr condirmnr

of thtr

(continued)

TABLE

1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Tested Household Minute Maid Orange GrapefruIt Lemonade Tangerine Mr. Clean Mustard O’Cedar Old Dutch saturated Oleomargarine Peanut Pebeco Penicillin *Perfume Pme Bath ‘Pan-a-Fount Powder Amalin Spiro cluest Pride Wax Ouinine Rad Household Radiant Richard Lotion Sane-Genio saturated Servac Stanley Stokely’s Temp Tide Cleanser, solution 1 year 1 week 1 week 1 5% Julce 104 1.8 1.66 1.58 -0.24 0.06 0.69 0 20 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged i days Polish Hudnut Cleaner (Woolworth) Cream !vavlng Oil Liquid Denttfrlce Butter Tooth Powder (powder) Furniture Cleanser, solution 3 days 3 days 3 days (lOOOF) 1 week (100°F. 80% R H.) 2 days 1 week ! days 34 80 3 87 29 10 3 10 16.70 Swollen Unchanged Polymers Swollen, Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged 3 01 2 25 Shghtly softened Vinyl Vmyl Plastlsol Plastic. (cured) semwtgid shghtly crazed Deodorants and Plastics 4.00 6.00 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Wesson Wildroot Wisk Oil Cream Oil Polish Juice Items Jwce Juice (Cont.) Concentrates 1 week 1 week 1 week 146 1.34 1.36 1.41 3.42 2.30 0.12 1 30 TlWX Exposed

Butyrate
Tbme Exposed

T

Percent InneaSe Wei*t hickne

-I-

Observed Condition of Plastic Household ‘Tmcture

Materml Tested

-r

Percent Increase ‘hickner

Weight

Observed Condition of Plastic

Items

(Cont.) LISP 2 monrhs 3 days Neutralizer Solut~anl 2 days 1122°F) 2 days 2 days 3 days 2 months 1 week 1 week 217 1 30 1 52 0 13 0.14 0 00 Swollen and stalned Unchanged Unchanged Swollen and softened Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged 1.10 0.98 DIscolored 3 days 9 82 6 56 0 62 0 78 Shghtly Slightly softened stained yellow

Frozen

of Green Soap, Wave Lotlon Wave Lollon Decongestant VapoRub Va.Tro.Nol Hair Tome Fly Spray Frozen Salve Solution Bromate

0.64
0 62 0.56 0.46 2.74 0.50 0.45 0 00

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Slightly Stamed Unchanged Unchanged yellowad

(30% alcohol) Toni Toni ‘Vicks

173
2 23

Unchanged

1week
1 year 11 days 2 days 2 days

(Potassium Vicks Vicks ‘Vitalis Watkin’s Welch’s Welch’s

Detergent

0.00
33 90

108
0.53 0 64 3 56

Grape Jwe

Concentrate Grape Juice

1 week 3 days 1 year

0.19

Detergent

Polycarbonate Polyurethane Foam

3 days (lOOoF. 80% R H.) 3 days 1100°F. 80% R. H.) 2 days (140°F) 3 days (lOOoF. 80% R H

Unchanged Unchanged Softened Unchanged and distorted

I week I week I week I week
1 days (120°F)

i
Unchanged 32 6 2.71 0 85

I I ’

Unchanged 0.70 1.65 0.22 1 60 0.22 Unchanged Slightly stained Unchanged Unchanged Miscellaneous Amway ‘Bitumastic Blood Budweiser Canada ‘Carboseal liqwd ‘Carboseal vapor Caulkmg (Average Compound of five brands) Gas Anti-leak Compo; md, Lager Beer Balsam Gas Am-leak Compot rnd. L.0.C No Detergent 50 Cone 30 days il22OFi 3 days 1 week 1 week 3 weeks 0.77 0.34 23 20 8.80 0 80 Softened, Slightly swollen, statned and stalned

1 day (16O’F) 4 days 1 day (lOOoF)

24.9

Softened, Unchanged Unchanged

swollen

Detergent Floor Cleaner Detergent, Cleaner Orange

:2 months :!
months

(100°F) (1OO’Fl

26.90

9.56 0 97

dw

2 months

I week -

Unchanged

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
PfXCWl Exposed Weight .hieknr Observed Condition of Plastic Material Tested

Butyrate
Time Exposed Percent Weight IncreaSe Thickness Observed Condnion

of Plastic

Miscellaneous Chlordane, ‘Creosote ‘2.4-D 2.4-D. (Amine four

(Cont.) 20% Type). tablespoons Weed Killer (12.7% Undiluted per gallon (Ester Type). 3 days 1 year 4 months 4 months 4 months 3 33 11.65 5 02 1.53 19.50 2 42 5.45 3.60 7.61 8.19 Unchanged Softened Slightly Very swollerl sllght& and soitened

Miscellaneous inks ‘Carter’s ‘Cushman (For swollen and dw Dyna-Flo Parker Cluick

(Cont.) No 4,715 & Denison Felt-TIP Pens) 3 days (100°F) Stencil Ink Inc, Ink Unchanged 60.65 30 50 Softened. Slightly 20 05 Stained 4.09 1.11 (lOOoF. 2.0 26 45 3 56 175 by’manufacturer 2 88 2 45 21 1668 2 73 2 40 0.31 Unchanged Unchanged Surface etched swned stained Pen Ink Superchrome Drying Ink 1 week IO days 38 40 21.8 32 00 159 Softened Softened, swollen

(14% tree acid) of water ‘Endoweed Undiluted ‘Endowed spoons ‘Epoxy Epoxy Fertilizer Fertilizer, Fountain Cherry Cherry Grape Lemon Maple Orange Pepsi-Cola Pineapple Root Beer Smash Concentrate Coca-Cola Concentrate Softened, colored swollen, as free acld) 4 table4 months 3.47 1.31

‘Diagraph-Bradley

I week
2 days (100°F) 18 days 3 days 1 month

(Formulab. Black Ink

Weed Killer. per gallon Hardener Resin (20% Disodium Liquid Syrups.

Slightly Dissolved

softened

and swollen

Blue No. 353) Sanford’s Marking Dri.Line Ink

of water 1 month Phosphate, 3 days (122°F) -0 07 StaIned 1.44 1.56 ye!low Latex Unchanged

Sheaffer’sSkrip Emulsion 250 Spirits Insecticide. Industrial Yarn Size

3 days (lOOoF)

1year
Insecticide 48 hours 10 days liquid 80% R. H.)

Malaphos 1 year 1 year 1 year Mineral ‘Mortemoth yellow Naphtha, Dnhocryl Pamt 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 year 1.31 340 3.87 118 5.02 2 04 1.70 0.14 1.40 3.10 021 1.15 0 66 0.28 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Dwzolored Unchanged Unchanged Badly Badly Badly swollen swollen swollen Penetrox (All and blistered Paints

2.96
2.08 1.69 1.61 3.34

1.84 1.04 1.15 0 00 1.14

Unchanged Unchanged Stamed shghtly Unchanged Unchanged

Unchanged Softened Unchanged Unchanged Distorted. Unchanged Unchanged surface attacked and swollen

1week
1 month 3 days (100°F) Used as suggested 1 week 1 day

I year I year

, 073

Remover Do Pant yellow Kemtone Luminall, paint Pittsburgh 011 base

(CPC 400) Dulux enamel, (outside 011 base)

one coat intenor L-402 (water emulsion) White, Semi-Gloss

1 week

3.11 0.75

1 .B9 0 62

Unchanged Unchanged

Strawberry Vanilla Gas Odorizers, ‘Pentalarm *Spotleak “Spotleak Inks: Cado *Carter’s Ink *Carter’s No. 10.656 Ball Point No. 10,856 Ball Point 86 (Concentrate) 1OOB (Concentrate) 1009 (Concentrate)

I week
4 weeks (122°F)

1year
1 week 1 week

A Lobwant Products Brand) Fixer O-72 DK-50 Kodak’

-0.9

-0

I
0 85 0.91 0 80

Unchanged

Photographic Acid

1week
4 days 10 days (140°F) 2 months 5 09 1038 12.85 5.37 6.10 7 00

1 week 1 week 1 week

2 I6 2 20 2 33

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Developer StaIned Stamed Stamed Developer

(continued)

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Effect of Various Chemicals and Reagents on TENITE@
Material Mivxllaneour Photographic Tested Time Exposed Percent
Weight

Butyrate
Observed Condnion of Plastic

lncreare Thxkness

Obwved Condttton of Plasttc

Material

Tested

(Cont.) ProductsProcessing K!t 1 week 1 week 1 week Solution 1 week 1 week 1 week and Fixmg 3.05 1.56 1.56 1.56 1 45 2.30 0 55 0.28 0 82 0.28 0.28 0.28 Stamed StaIned StaIned yellow dark amber hght amber

Miscellaneous Ultra l/3 Urine Varsof Water. ‘Weedone Undiluted Weedone ‘Weed-B-Gon 1 month 1 month 1 month 0 88 1875 4 28 0 20 9 50 1 20 Unchanged Type). Weed.B-Gon tablespoons Wine 245 02 0 00 2 37 1.20 062 / 0 58 1 .OB ’ 0 38 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Solvex

(Cont.) Dercallng Agent, 1 month 1 week 1.70 1.50 1.14 1.66 27.32 0 54 040 0 94 0 74 14.00 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Softened, swollen, dlscalored, and warped 2 months 1 month 1.98 1343 0.55 6 58 Shghtly Softened, swollen swollen. dlscafored. of water 1 week 1 year (Ester Type). 2 months (9% free acldl

Ektachrome@

lb per gallon No. 2 Solvent dlstllled

No. E2 First Developer Hardener Color Clearing Bleach Stabliizer Developer

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Weed Killer.

Weed Killer, of water

5 tablespoons (Ester

per gallon Refrtgerants’ Freon 12. gas *Freon 12. ltquid Freon 22. gas

Weed Killer, Undlliited

(13.8% as 2% of water 2 months 7 BB 1 month 2 67 1.06

and warped Softened, Unchanged swollert, dtscolored.

1

Slightly

swollen

free acid) Weed Killer, par gallon Alcohol) and warped

Unchanged
OiSSOlbFd

‘Freon 22, liquid
Fraon

113

3 days 49.3 0.5

S2 Flow

112% Ethyl

1

H3 Flow Freon Freon Showersan Solvex 114. gas 114. I,qutd Disinfectant Scale Retarder, of water 1 year 1 year (140°F) 1 year and B months 3 days 2 months 1 week Remover 3 days 3 13 1 57 (lOOoF 116O’F) -585 048 956 047 1 60 1 52 1.46

I month
1 month 12 days 1 month

0.84 7.76 1 BB 1 58

Most tests were conducted

by placing dry, injection-molded

specimens of TENITE Butyrate Most figures given are the

in contact with the other material for the period of time shown.

Maintenance Bath

! !

Unchanged Unchanged Slightly softened

result of a single test, and the measured gains in weight and thickness are reported exactly, without rounding. Unless stated otherwise, tests were conducted at 73’F (23°C) and soluof acetic acid in water the information given

115 lb per gallon Steel Picklmg

tions were aqueous, i.e., “Acid, Acetic, 5%” indicates tested at 73OF. Unless other characteristics under “Observed Condition specimen.

a 5% solution

(3% Sulfurtc Acid and 8% Ferrous Sulfate) Steel Plckhng (8% Sulfuric 14% Ferrous Stoddard Stoddard Super Bath Acid

are specifically

mentioned,

Unchanged Softened Unchanged Slightly Slightly Dissolved Unchanged stamed stalned

of Plastic” refers only to the appearance

and feel of the plastic

Sulfate) liquid vapor

I -451 1
1 000 880 043

Solvent, Solvent,

!

Market

Fly Spray

‘Taxi@ Pamt and Varnish Toxaphene Insecticide. 12% sOlUtlOn

(continued)

%

TABLE 1.6: CELLULOSE

ACETATES,

BUTYRATES,

PROPIONATES-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

The

Effects

of Various
:hange Thlckr

Chemicals

and

Reagents

on TENITE*@, Propionate
Percent Weight Change Tfucknerr

Obretved

Cond,tion

of Plss,,c

Time Exposed

,

Observed

Condition

of Plasttc

Slightly

softened

Dissolved Sligfwy swoiie” Dissolved ““changed ‘Carbon ‘Carbon C,trtc Citric ‘Chioroform acid, IO’. acid (tablets1 1 dlsul‘lde tetrachlorlde Softened, Softened. Snftened, swoilen swolien wolien Gasoline, ‘Amoco Amoco

Premum Regular

1 year 1 year I year 1 year 1 year 1 year i year 1 year

6.28 2 25 4.81 2.44 4.81 3.58 3.22 6 96

12.16 5.38 5.33 5.08 7.03 5.48 6.91 23.25

swo,ien.

*avy

svrface

‘Esso Prenvum Esso Regular ‘Shell High-Test

Brownish yellow Pmk, wollen, and warped Dark yellow P,nk and warped Yellow. Yellow Swollen slightly warped

month
F)

Vnchangrd Upchanged

I122 ‘Ethyl ‘Ethyl ‘Eulyi acetate aicohol. aicohoi. 50% 95%

*Shell Regular ‘Texaco Regular ‘Texaco swolie” swoiie” Ink, Quick drymg Blue No. 353; “Sky Ch,ef”

D’ssolved Softened. Softened. Unchanged Dissolved

and pink

Ethylene giycol ‘Ethylene g,yco, monoethyl ether (EKTASOLVE” EEI *Ethylene acetate glycol monomethyl ether (EKTASOLYE ERA Acetate1 35%

18 days 1 week

2.2 9.36

-5.6 8.15 Softened, swollen. surface p,tted and cloudy when wet

Formulab. Inc. *Malath,on, 50% spray diluted wth water to 0.5% Malathion

Dissolved Softened. swoIIe11 Dark yellow “n:ha”ged “nchanged Dlsmteglated I year 1 year i year Unchanged Unchanged Dlssoived D’ssoived Dlssnlved DISIntegrated ““changed Unchanged ““changed

‘Formaldehyde.

011: Bard& Bardah, Crude oil Purol

011 011

1 week (122 Fl 4 weeks ,122 F) I year 10 motor 011 2 months 6 months 1 week (122’F) 4 necks (122-F) 1 month (122’F) 2 days (122°F)

-0.92 -196 Unchanged -0 10 -030 -2.04 -3.38 ““changed 0.03 -0.64

‘Gasolme, Regular Glycerin tieptane ‘Hydrochlor,c acid.

10%

HD SAE =50

Hydrogen peroxide, 3% Methanol. 5% ‘Methanol, 100% ‘Methyl ethyl ketone *Methyl lsoamyl ketone ‘Nitric acid Oie~c acid Dzone. 5-l 5 pphm ozone. 70 pphm

Texaco Co temperature Texaco Co temperature Sachet Wcks powder

011 1692 low oil, MIL-L-644B =50 011 1692 low 01,. MIL-L-6440

1 year 1 year 45 days ,o”tdoars) 45 days (12O’F) 1 1 1 1 i year year year year year

Unchanged Badiy stained. sottened

decongestant

‘Phenoi. 5% Propane (gas) Propane U,qu,di soap 501”tK’“. LISP Sodturn carbonate. 2.5% Sodium Sodzum S&urn *Sodium Sulfuric chlorade, 10% ferrocyantde Idry crystals1 hydroxide. 1% hydroxide, 10% aad. 3%

Dlslntegrated Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Drs,ntegrated Unchanged Shghtiy warped Softened. swollen Unchanged Unchanged Softened, saoiien

Most

tests

were

conducted wth the IS shown

by placmg other were conducted

dry, at

mjectmn-molded losted 73°F for the (23GCl.

specimens perpod 01 tome

ot TENITE shown

Proplonate Tests for whxh

an ontomate nc temperature

contact

material

1 year 1 week 1 year 1 year 1 year 1 1 1 1 1 year year year year year

080

0 9t

‘Sulfurs ac,d. 30% ‘TDl”elle Turpentine Water *Xylene

TABLE 1.7: CHLORINATED

POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE

PIPE AND FITTINGS-B.F.

GOODRICH
CPVC PIPE/FITTINGS CKEMICAL RESISTANCE Chemical company A company B
NR

The attached list is a compilation of chemical resistance data from three companies involved in the CPVC pipe, fittings and accessories market. Since each company has used a different scheme to report their findings, the following key will be needed to interpret the data.

Company
C

739 Acetaldehyde Acetate Solvents, Crude Acetate Solvents, Put-e Acetic Acid, 10% Acetic Acid, 20% Acetic Acid, 50% Acetic Acid, 80% Acetic Acid, Glacial Acetic Anhydride Acetone Acrylonitrile Adipic Acid Ally1 Alcohol Ally1 Chloride AlUUl Aluminum Chloride Aluminum Fluoride Aluminum Hydroxide Aluminum Oxychloride Aluminum Nitrate Aluminum Sulfate Punaonia, Aqueous Ammonia, Dry Gas Ammonia, Liquid Anrnonium Bifluoride Anaoonium Carbonate Ammonium Chloride Ammonium Fluoride, 25% Ammonium Hydroxide Arrmonim Hetaphosphete Anxnonium Nitrate Anrnonium Persulfate Anrnonium Phosphate Anreonium Sulfate Anmoniom Sulfide Atnaonium Thiocyanate Amy1 Acetate Amy1 Alcohol Amy1 Chloride Aniline Aniline Chlorohydrate Aniline Hydrochloride Anthraquinone Anthrequinone Sulfonic Acid Antimony Trichloride Aqua Regia Arsenic Acid Arylsulfonic Acid Asphalt Barium Carbonate Barium Chloride

1859

u u
U
S

R R R NR NR NR R

NR NR NR NR NR NR R

Company A

-

E - Excellent to operating limit of material GExcellent to 80'F; material Good to BO'F. Limited; may be used under certain conditions Unsatisfactory; not recommended for pressure applications; for "on-pressure applications Good to maximum operating limit of

L L IJ u c S U E
E E

SLu-

R R R R R R R R R R R
R

R R R R R NR R R R R R NR R

Maximum operating limit is 18O'F 225'F

E E E E E E E E E E E E E E
E

Company B

-

1 - Good for 200°F 2 - Good for 185'F 3 - Good for 140'F 4 - Good for 70°F

(93°C) (85'0 (6O'C) (21%)

Q - Questionable NR - Not Recommended

Company c

-

R - Recommended NR - Not Recommended R* - Reconrmended to 21O'F

E E E IJ S U II U u E E e L E L E E E

R

R NR

ti? NR

9 1

R R

NR R

1

(continued)

TABLE 1.7: CHLORINATED
Chemical Barium Aydroxide Barium Sulfate Barirnn Sulfide Beer Beet Sugars Liquors Benzaldehyde Benzene Benzene Sulfonic Acid, 10% Benzene Sulfonic Acid Beotoic Acid Bismuth Carbonate Black Liquor Bleach, 12.5% Active CL2 Borax Boric Acid Boron Trifluoride Breeder pellets, fish Brine Brwic Acid Bromine, Liquid Bromine Water Butadiene Butane Butanol, Primary Butanol, Secondary Butyl Acetate Butyl Alcohol Butyl Amine Butyl Phenol Butyl Phthalate Butylene Butynedial (Erythrital) Butyric Acid Cadmium Cvanide Calcium Bisulfite Calcium Carbonate Calcium Chlorate CaIcium Chloride Calcium Aydroxide Calcium Hypochlorite Calcium Nitrate Calcium Phosphate Calcium Sulfate Cane Sugars Liquors Carbon Bisulfide Carbon Dioxide Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachloride Carbonic Acid Casein Castor Oil Caustic Potash Caustic Soda
A

POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE

PIPE AND FITTINGS-B.F.
C

GOODRICH
Chemical

(continued)
canpany A company B canpany C 185Q 73Q

canpany

Cwpany B

Company

73Q
E E

185Q Cellosolve Chloracetic Acid Chloral Hydrate Cblaric Acid, 20% Chlorine Gas, Dry Chlorine Gas, Wet Chlorine, Liquid Chlorine Water Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chlorosulfonic Acid Chrome Alum Chromic Acid, 10% Chromic Acid, 30% Chromic Acid, 50% Citric Acid Coconut Oil Copper Chloride Copper Cyanide Copper Fluoride Copper Nitrate copper Sulfate Core Oils Cottonseed Oil creso1 Cresylic Acid, 50% Croton Aldehyde Crude Oil Cyclohexane Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone Decalin Demineralized Water Detergents Dextrin Dextrose Diazo Salts Diesel Fuel Diglycolic Acid Dimethylemine Dimethyl Formamide Dioctylphthslste Disodium Phosphate Dowtherm Ethers Ethanolamine Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Acrylate Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Chloride Ethyl Ether Ethylene Bromide Ethylene Cblorohydrin E S E E S II E u U L E E E E E E E E e E E E S G U E U U

1 1

R

R

Q 4

E E E u U E E E
E

NR NR NR 1

NR

NR

2 NR NR 4 3 4 2 1 1 1 1

NR R NR

NR NR NR

R R

E E E E E E E u L S L S S u S S

R R R

1 1

R

R R R R R R

R* R* R* R R R

R

R

4
R R R NR NR NR NR

R R

R R

Q i tm

Q
1 NR R R

R R

S S L E E E E E E E E E u E E E
E

NR

NR R* R

NR 1
1

Q
G 1 E E E 1 E u 0 II E u U u E U U U U 1 I : 3 R R
NR NR

R
R

R R

R

1 1 1 1 1 NB

R R R

R

NR NR R

4 1

R R R R R R

E E E E

-.

(continued)

TABLE 1.7: CHLORINATED
Chemical

POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE
C

PIPE AND FITTINGS-B.F.

GOODRICH

(continued)
Cmpany
cwpa*y A

Company A u E u E E E E E E E L E E S s S E E E u E G E S S E E E E E E E S S S E G G E S S L L S E 6

Company B 739 NR 1

Cwpsny Chemical 1859 R Rydrogen Peroxide, 50% Hydrogen Peroxide, 90% Hydrogen Phosphide Rydrogen Sulfide, Aq. Sol Hydrogen Sulfide. Dry Rydroquinone AydroxyIsmine Sulfate Rypochloraus Acid Iodine fin Alcohol) Isopropyl Alcohol Jet Fuel, JP-4 Jet Fuel, JP-5 Kerosene Ketones Kraft Liquor Lacquer Thinners Lactic Acid, 25% Lard Oil Lsuric Acid Lauryl Chloride Lsuryl Sulfate Lead Acetate Lime Sulfur Lineolic Acid Linseed Oil Liquors, Liquers Lubricating Oils Magnesium Carbonate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Hydroxide Magnesium Nitrate Magnesium Sulfate Naleic Acid Yalic Acid Mercuric Chloride Mercuric Cyanide Mercurous Nitrate Mercury Methyl Alcohol Methyl Chloride Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl Isobutyl Ketone Methyl Sulfate Methyl Sulfuric Acid Methylene Chloride Milk Mineral Oils n01ssses Motor Oil Naphtha Nsphthslene Nickel Acetate Nickel Chloride

B 3

Canpsny C 185op 739 R R

Ethylene Dichloride Ethylene Glycol Ethylene Oxide Fatty Acids Ferric Chloride Ferric Rydroxide Ferric Nitrate Ferric Sulfate Ferrous Chloride Ferrous Sulfate Fish Solubles Fluorine Gas Fluoroboric Acid Fluorosilicic Acid Formaldehyde, 35% Formaldehyde, 37% Formaldehyde, 50% Formic Acid Freon - 11 Freon - 12 Fructose Fruit Juices, Pulp Fuel Oils Fuel Oil with R2SOh Furfursl Gsllic Acid Gas - Coke Oven Gas - Manufactured Gas - Natural Gasoline - Refined Gasoline - Sour Gelatin GllXClse Glycerine (Glycerol) Glycol Glycolic Acid Green Liquor Aeptsne Rexsne Rexanol, Tertiary Rydrobrmic Acid, 20% Rydrochloric Acid, 0-25X Hydrochloric Acid, 25-372 Rydrocysnic Acid Aydrofluoric Acid, fOX Hydrofluoric Acid, 30% Rydrofluoric Acid, 50% Hydrofluoric Acid, 60% Rydrofluorosilicic Acid Rydrogen Hydrogen Cyanide Hydrogen Fluoride, Anhydrous Rydrogen Peroxide, 30%

S

R

u
S S

1 1 1 1 1 1

R

R

R R

R R

E E E S U G

R

R

3 3 3 4 3

R R R R R R R R

NR NR NR NR NR NR

G G L G G G S E e E G S E G E E E E E E E E E E S U U S S U S E E S U E E

2 NR

R R R R

R R

9 R R

1

R

R

4 NR R
NR

R 1 1 1 1 1 R

R

R

4

R R

R R

2

R R R

2 2 2 2 2 4 4 4

R 3 NR NR

R

R R R R R NR
NR R*

NR NR

NR NR

R* NR NR NR

NR R R R R R R

R NR 3
NR

3

2

R

R

(continued)

TABLE 1.7: CHLORINATED
Chemical Nickel Nitrate Nickel Sulfate Nicotine Nicotinic Acid Nitric Acid, 10% Nitric Acid, 20% Nitric Acid, 30% Nitric Acid, 40% Nitric Acid, 50% Nitric Acid, 60% Nitric Acid, 68% Nitric Acid, Anhydrous Nitrobenzene Nitropropane Nitrous Oxide OCWD3l Oils and Fats Oleic Acid Oleum Oxalic Acid Oxalic Acid, 50% oxygen ozone Falmitic Acid, 10% Palmitic Acid, 70% Paracetic Acid, 40% Perchloric Acid, 10% Perehloric Acid, 70% Perchloroethylene Phenol Phenylhydrazine Phenylhydrarine Hydrochloride Phosgene Gas Phosgene Liquid Phosphoric Acid, O-501 Phosphoric Acid, SO-752 Phosphoric Acid, 85% Phosphorous, Yellow Phosphorous, Red Phosphorous, Pentoxide Phosphorous, Trichloride Photographic Solutions Picric Acid Plating Solution, Brass Plating Solution, Cadium Plating Solution, Chromium Plating Solution, Copper Plating Solution, Gold Plating Solution, Lead Plating Solution, Nickel Plating Solution, Rhodium Plating Solution, Silver

POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE

PIPE AND FITTINGS-B.F.

GOODRICH
Chemical

(continued)
Cwpany A E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E L E E E E E E E S E S u G E E E E E E E E R E E E
E

company A
E

Company B

CCQKLXbV

c .
185oF R

Ccmpany B

73oF E E E G G 2 G G U U S E E E U E E E S S U E U S U E G u 6 6 S S L U E U E E E E E E E E 1 3 2 R

company C 739 185oF R R R* R

2 2

R R R R 1 R R* R* NR NR

NR NR

1 1 1

R R R R R R R R R R R R

2 2

R R

R* NR

R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R* R* R R* R* R* R

Plating Solution, Tin Plating Solution, Zinc Potassium Acid Sulfate Potassium Antimonate Potassium Bicarbonate Potassium Bichromate Potassium Bisulfite Potassium Borate Potassium Bromate Potassium Bromide Potassium Carbonate Potassium Chlorate Potassium Chloride Potassium Chromate Potassium Cuprocyanide Potassium Cyanide Potassium Dichrmate Potassium Ferricyanide Potassium Fluoride Potassium Rydroxide, 0-20X Potassium Rydroxide, 35% Potassium Rypochlorite Potassium Nitrate Potassium Perborate Potassium Perchlorite Potassium Permanganate Potassium Persulfate Potassium Sulfate Potassium Sulfide Propane Propargyl Alcohol Propyl Alcohol Propylene Dichloride Rayon Coagulating Bath Selenic Acid Salicic Acid Silver Cyanide Silver Nitrate soaps Sodium Acetate Sodium Acid Sulfate Sodium Antimonate Sodium Arsenite Sodium Benzoace Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Bisulfite Sodium Chlorate Sodium Chloride Sodium Chlorite Sodium Cyanide Sodium Dichromate Sodium Ferricyanide Sodium Ferrocyanide

R

NR

1 1 1 1

R

R

1 1

R
R

R R

1 1 1

R R

R R

1 1 R 2

1 1 1

R R R R

R R R R

1 1 1 1

R R R R R R R

R R R* R R R

E E E E

(continued)

TABLE 1.7: CHLORINATED
c=vny

POLYVINYL
Ccmpany A B

CHLORIDE
C

PIPE AND FITTINGS-B.F.

GOODRICH
Chemical

(continued)
Ccmpany A Cwpany B 739 Company

Company

Chemical

1859 Sodium Fluoride Sodirnn Rydroxide, Sodium Rydroxide, Sodium Rydroxide, Sodium Hydroxide,
Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Aypochlorite Nitrate Nitrite Phosphate

c

1859 R

15% 30% 50%
70%

R R* R* R R

Acid

Sodium Silicate Sodium Sulfate Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfite Stannic Chloride Stannoua Chloride Stearic Acid Stoddards Solvent Sulfur Sulfur Dioxide, Dry Sulfur Dioxide, Wet Sulfuric Acid, O-10% Sulfuric Acid, 10-50X Sulfuric Acid, SO-752 Sulfuric Acid, 80% Sulfuric Acid, 75-902 Sulfuric Acid, 90% Sulfuric Acid, 93% kulfuric Acid, 94% Sulfuric Acid, 95% Sulfuric Acid, 96% Sulfuric Acid, 98% Sulfuric Acid, 100% Sulfurous Acid Sulfur Dioxide, Liquid Sulfur Trioxide Tamic Acid

R* R* R* R* NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

Tanning Liquors Tartsric Acid Tetraethyl Lead Tetrahydrofurane Tetrahydrofuran Thicmyl Chloride Titanic Tetrachloride Toluol, Toluene Tributyl Phosphate Trichloroethylene Tricresylphosphate Triethanolamine Triethylamine Trimethylpropane Trisodimn Phosphate Turpentine urea and Urine Vinegar Vinyl Acetate Water Water, Acid Mine Water, Demineralized Water, Distilled Fresh Water, Potable water, Salt water, Sea water, Sewage WI iskey
White Wines Xylem Zinc Zinc Zinc Zinc or Xylol Liquor

E E S U U S U U U U L S G E S E E U 4 1 1 NR NR NR 1

R

NR

NR

NR NR

NR NR

R R R R R

R R NR R* R R* R* R* R* R* R R R R NR R

G G G G G E E U E E E E

2 2 2 2 2

R R R R R R R R R R

Chloride Chromate Cyanide Nitrate Sulfate

NR 1

NR R

R

R

Zinc

E

1

R

R

32

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.8:

EPOXY COMPOUNDS-DEVCON

Somple Size: l/2 ” x % ” x I“ Cure: 7 days at room temperature. Immersion: 30 days

Chemical Resistance of Devcon Epoxy Compounds

Product Name Plastfc Steel Putty Plastic Steel Lfqurd Piastrc Steel 5-Mtn Putty / Alumtnum / Alumfnum Puttv Lrqutd VG VG VG VG p VG VG 1 Carbrde Putty 1 Wear Reststant Puttv / Wear Resstant Lraurd VG VG VG VG VG VG VG VG VG VG Lrqurd Putty VG VG VG VG VG F Epoxy Sealer 100 1 All products _ are Vti In Water, SOtUrOted VG
son SOIuftOn. leOOf

VG

/
i

VG VG VG VG F

/ /

U VG VG F VG

1 1 j ’

VG VG VG VG U VG F U

/ /

U F F F F U VG F F

VG

1 / ’

VG VG F VG VG VG

/ /

1 1 ~ / ’

VG VG VG VG VG VG VG VG

1 1 1

VG

U
F VG VG VG

VG F F F F VG

i t
‘VG’F

VG VG VG

I

VG VG VG

/

VG VG F F VG

Ceramfc Wear Compound Tile Adhesrve Pump Repour Compound Hfqh Temp Wear ResIstant Putty HrahTemp Ceromfc Puttv

F F VG

F F

U U F

j / / 1
1

VG VG VG VG VG VG VG VG VG VG

/ /

VG VG VG VG VG VG

/ I

VG VG VG F

Hugh Temp Mold Maker Tonkfte II Backfng Compound 1 Bocktnq Compound / Hfah lmpoct Bockma / Wet Surface Reparr Puttv

/ 1 1 1 I /

VG VG VG VG VG

/ /

VG VG VG F U U

1
/

VG VG VG U

j i ] 1
1

VG VG VG VG VG VG VG VG

, 1

U F VG U VG II VG

u
U F U VG F VG

/ / I I

u
U F U u U U

/

F F VG F VG

I

U U F VG F

1

VG VG VG F VG

/ /

VG VG VG VG F VG

gasolrne, mtneral spwts, ASTM ‘3 011and propylene glycol Key. VG-Very Good; F-Fas U-Unsdsfoctory

CAUTION: Epoxres ore generally not recommended for long term exposures to concentrated ocfds and orgonfc solvents

TABLE

1.9:

EPOXY

PIPE AND

FITTINGS-AMERON

BONDSTRAND Series 1200 and Series 1600 are unlined epoxy products produced by the filament-winding process. Series 1200 piping offers the user a locked Q-ring joint for quick, reliable joining of either suspended or buried pipe systems, even under adverse weather conditions. For those users who prefer the rugged strenqth and performance of the QUICK-LOCK@ adhesive bonded joint, Ameron offers Series 1600 piping with its heavier pipe walls, longer spans and greater ring stiffness..

Chemtcal Solution

C
1,

Chemical Solution

oncen-

-L
“F C 24 G 99 66 99 38 66 36 93 4R 24 dR JR ilR 66 JR 66 43 43 93 99 77 99 77 93 99 66 77 39 39 r* v 1/ NR NR NR _ lr NR Phosphoric Acid NR v NR NR rr Y NR NR NR w Magnewm Magnesum Male~c Actd Maleic AnhydrIde Mefhyl Alcohoi Methyl Chlor,de Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl lsobutyl Ketone Methylene Chloride Mineral Oil Monochlorobenzene Naphtha Natural Gas Nickel Chloride Nlckei N~frale Nickel Suitate N,,ric Acid’?’ NI!~ Aod Oil (crude) Ole~c Acid Perchloric Acld”l Perchlowthylene Phenol
<l% >I%

.3t10lY

--“F Acetic Acid
1

‘C 66 NR 24 NR 99 99 99 93 99 66 49 36 66 99 99 24 93 49 66 93 66 99 66 93 93 24 66 24 YR 24 Chloroform Chlorine Gas wet Chlorinated Bwe Chlowated Wale? I-50 ppn >50 pprr O-IO%

“F NR NR NR 150 NR NR 210 2w 200 210 210 100 120 120 150 200 NR 150 120 120 100 100 NR 100 NR 210 100 170 150 210 -

“C NR YR VR 66 VR UR 99 93 93 99 99 38 49 49 66 93 VR 66 49 49 38 38 \iR 36 \iR 99 36 77 66 39 V NR rr V NR 1/ V V r/ NR r/ w _ V NR NR I/ NR NR Hydrofluoric Hydrofluosillc Acid Acid O-25 ~ Formaldehyde Formc Acid Fuel O,i Gasoi~ne Glycerin Green Liquor (paper) Heptane Hexane Hydraulic 011s Hydrobromlc Hydrochloric Aced Acid

“F NItrate Sullate 200 210 770 150 1w NR 100 100 NR 210 1W 210 210 210 160 210 1.10% 10.70% 75 NR 210 2cc 0.70% 75 100 75 NR 1W 75 75 NR 103 210 I

“C 93 99 77 66 38 \IR 36 38 \1R 99 36 99 99 99 62 99 24 QR 99 33 24 36 24 \lR 38 24 24 m 38 99 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR v w w w NR rr NR NR v

150 NR 75 NR 210

75 NR 210 150 210 100 150 100 200 NR

ACelOne Acrylic Acid Air A,“rnl”“rn Potassium Sulfa te

Chlorinated Water Chrome ACIC C~tw Acid Copper Chlwde Copper N~tra:e Copper Sulfa% Crude Oil (sweet 8 sour) Cyclohexano’ Detergents D~ailylpnthalate 0-Dichlorobe?zene Diesel Fuei Diethylene Tr,anine D,prooylene G’yco! Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Acrylatf Ethyl Alcoho, Ethyl Benzene Ethy: Chloride Ethyl Ether Ethylene Dlch,ortde Ethylene Glyco Fatty Acids Femc Chloride Ferric Nitrate Femc Sulfate

210 210 200 210 150 120 100 150 210 210 75 200 120

klum~num Chloride Aluminum Alumuum Nitrate Sulfate

Ammonla Gas Dry Ammonium Ammonium Ammomum Ammontum Ammonium Al?lllX? Barium Chloride Benzene Black Liquor (paper mfg Chloride Hydroxide Phosphate Sulfate Nitrate

% IX or
Z-1’

75 NR NR NR 150

Hydrogen Chiortde Gas Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Sulllde lodlne (Sal @ R T) Isopropyl Alcohol Jet Fuel Kerosene Lactic Acio Latex Solulions Lead Nitrale Linseed 011 Lllhium Chloride L,thum Hydroxide Magnesium Magnewm Magnestufr Carbonate Chloride HyOroxlde O-30

NR 150 120 120 200 210 170 210 170 200 210 150 170 210 210 -

1

150 200 150 210 150 200 200 75 150 75 NR 75 -

Born Acid
Bromine Water Calctum Chlonde Calcium Hypochlonte’ Calaum Nitrate Calcum Sulfate Carbon Dlsulflde Carbon Tetrachlorzde Chloroacetlc Acetic Chloroacellc Acid-Glac\a

0.2% 2.25% !5-50% jO-65%

_ _
v
rr Polyvinyl Alcohol Em&Ion Potaswm Chlonde

_
I/

Chlorobenzene

on- lued)

TABLE

1.9:

EPOXY PIPE AND FITTINGS-AMERON
Chemical Solutton

(continued)

“F Po:aswrr Potaw~m Potassium Potaswm Polaswm Propylene Cyanide Fluortde Hydroxide Nitrate Sulfate Glycol 0.30% 0.50% 210 150 1cO 210 210 T 210 210 200 c-10% 0.50% S&urn Chlorate”’ 210 150 210 210 I

‘C 99 66 36 99 99 ’ 99 99 93 99 66 99 99 Sodurn Cyanide S&urn Hydroxide

B
SL
bll

Chemical

Soiut~on

Chemvzal

Solution

Concen-

Temperature

Gasket

;.,.;.~
Tanmc Acld .Tartaric Acid

Sodturn Bromide SDd~um Blsulfate Sodium Carbonate

TABLE 1.10:
DURCON

EPOXY RESIN-DURIRON
epoxy which is silica filled.

1
Tetrachlorwthylene Toluene Tr,chlorcethylene Trlethanolam!ne Vinegar water (salt)“’ Water (fresh)“’ Xylene Ztnc Chloilde

v
rr i,
Y

I I I I “‘Where no concentration is shown, recommendations apply to any concentration up to 100% or to saturatton. %enes 5000 pipe can be expected to provide a ionger service life in thts environment. ‘J’General fluid compatibility of standard polymer used in O-ring gasket for Bondstrand Series 1200 piping. Vor water contaminated with oil or fuel, standard polymer provides suitable performance at temperatures up to 180°F (82°C). ti Standard Gasket OK NR Not Recommended - Not Tested

4 8 9. 9 $ P 6’ w x

Water (dlslllied or delorwed:

v
NR ,,

3
3 8 *

6 js a solid, cast thermosetting

The following

is a list of typical

applications

for DIJRCON

6. Sodium Thiosulfate, 200~ F Stannic Chloride. 200 F Sulfite Liquors. I5O’F Sulfur Chloride. 15O.F Sulfuric Acid, 305, 200 F Sulfuric Acid, ‘X-r, 150-F Sulfuric Acid, PO%, 125 F Tannic Acid, 2&I F Tartaric Acid, 200-F Thiophenol, 200 F Toluene, 175’ F Trichloroacetic Acid. 125’F Trichloroethylene, boiling Urea, 200F L’inegar, 200” F Water, boiling Zinc Chloride, 200’F Zinc Sulfate, 200’F

Acetic Acid, 7O?, 200°F Acetic Acid, Glacial, 200-F Acetone, boiling Acetyl Chloride, boiling Alcohol, 175’F Alum, 2OO’F Aluminum Chloride, 2@IcF Ammonium Bisulfite, 150’F Ammonium Chloride, 200-F Ammonium Sulfate, 200’F Amy1 Acetate, 2OO’F Amy1 Alcohol, 175’F Amy1 Chloride, 200cF Aniline, 15O’F Anod zing Solutions, 200 F Antimony Trichloride, 150-F Benz;Idehyde, 200. F Benzene, boiling Benzene Hexachloride, I75* F Black Liquor, 200~F Brine, 200-F

Butvric Acid, 200F Calcium Chlorate. 150 F Calcium Chloride. 200 F Carbon Tetrachloride, boiling Chloracetic 4cid 1 . 125‘F Chlorinated \Vater, IFiO’F Chlorine Dioxide. 150 F Chlorine, IYet, 150 F Chlorobenzene, 175-F Chromic Acid, 305, ambient Citric Acid, 2OO’F Copper Sulfate, 2OO’F Cupric Chloride, 200 F Dichlorobutane, 2OO’F Dimethyl Formamide, 200-F Diethyl Sulfate, 200°F Ethyl Alcohol, boiling Ethyl Ether, boiling Ethyl Nitrate, boiling Ethylene Dichloride, 150 F Fatty Acids, 2OO’F

Ferric Chloride, 150. F Ferric Nitrate, 2OO’F Ferric Sulfate, 200cF Formaldehvde, boiling Formic Acid, boiling Hydrobromic Acid, 40$. 200’F Hydrochloric Acid, IO’?, 200F Hydrochloric Acid, 205, 200 F Hydrochloric Acid, 305, 2OQ’F Hydrochloric Acid, cont.. boiling Hydrocyanic Acid, 125’F Hypochlorous Acid, 125-F Lactic Acid, 200-F .Ilagnesium Chloride, 2OO’F Magnesium Sulfate. 200’ F ?rlaleic Acid, 200 F Malic Acid. 200 F Mercuric Chloride, 200 F hletal Plating Solutions, 150-F hlethyl Alcohol. boiling Methyl Ethyl Ketone, boiling

Nickel Chloride, 200 F Nickel Sulfate, 2OO’F Nitric Acid, IO%. 175-F Nitiic Acid, 5O%, ambient Nitrobenzene, 150-F Oleic Acid, 2OO’F Oxalic Acid, 200’F Perchloroethylene, 200-F Phenol, 125-F Phosphoric Acid, 85%, 2OO’F Phosphorous Oxychloride, 150’F Phthallc Acid, 2OO’F Potassium Nitrate, 200’F Rayon Spin Bath, 200-F Sea RBter, 200-F Sodium Bicarbonate, l’i5’F Sodium Bisulfate. 200 F Sodium Chloride, 200 F Sodium Nitrate. 200 F Sodium Perchlolate, 100 F Sodium Sulfate. 200 F

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

35

TABLE

1.11:

EPOXY

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

These amine-cured EPON resin coatings are unique because they cure at room temperature. They are outstanding for their resistance to heat, solvents, salt water, and most other corrosive materials, and have notable resistance to mechanical shock and abrasion. EPON resin coatings exhibit excellent adhesion and flexibility over wood,.ferrous and nonferrous metals, and green or dry concrete. These coatings have outstanding weatherability and the high solids content which is possible at application viscosity. Applications for these coatings are as finishes for wood, metal, and environment, as chemical resistant finishes for installed equipment Coating formulations must be supplied as two-package systems, i.e., base component containing the EPON resin. The usable working life concrete in marine and other severely corrosive where high-temperature baking is impractical. the curing agent packaged separately from the

is a 10 to 15 hour period after the curing agent

is added.
A high solvent portant coating

degree of cure is obtained

overnight, but about five to seven days are required for maximum chemical and resistance properties to develop. More rapid cures can be obtained by forcedrying or baking. The most imreaction involves the crosslinking of the EPON resin with the polyfunctional amine curing agent. The epoxy systems referred to below are as follows: System 1: A fourcoat Svstembased on two coats of a long oil linseed ester red lead
primer Plus two Coats of a long oil soya ester topcoat for a total film thickness of 6 to 6 mils. SWem 2: A fourcoat swtem based on two coats of EPON resin lOOl/EPON curing agent C-l 11 red lead primer plus two coats of the EPON resin 1001/C-l 11 topcoat for a total film thickness of 6 to 6 mils. Swtem 3: A four-coat system based on two coats of EPON resin lOOl/EPON curing agent V-15 red lead primer plus two coats of the EPON resin 1001/V-15 topcoat for a total film thickness of 6 to 6 mils. System 4: A two-coat n/stem based on EPON resin 815/EPON curing agent H-2 applied to a total film thickness of 8 to 10 mils. Code: R = Recommended for immersion service R(S) = Recommended for spillage only NR = Not recommended

Coating Systems 1” Oxidizing Agents
NR NR R R NR NR R R Hydrogen peroxide, 30% Sodium hypochlorit’e, 5% Calcium hypochlorite, 5% Chromic acid, 40% Chromic acid, 5% Sulfu dioxide solutions Chlorine water

2

3
NR R R NR NR NR R

4
NR R R
NR NR R R

R(S)

R(S)
NR NR R(S) R(S)

Gases (Moist)
Carbon dioxide Sulfur didxide Chlorine Hydrogen sulfide R NR NR NR R R NR R R R NR R
R R

NR R

Acids
Sulfuric, 10% Sulfuric, concentrated Hydrochloric, 10% Hydrochloric, concentrated Nitric, 10% Nitric, concentrated Phosphoric, 10% Phosphoric, concentrated

R(S)
NR R(S)
NR

R(S)
NR R R(S) R(S)
NR

NR NR R(S) R(S) R(S) NR R(S) NR

R NR R R(S) R(S)
NR R NR (continued)

R(S)
NR

R(S) NR

R(S) NR

36

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.11:

EPOXY RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Coating Systems 1’
Hydrofluoric, 10% Hydrofluoric, 30% Lower fatty, e.g., acetic, 20% Lower fatty, e.g., acetic, concentrated Higher fatty, e.g., oleic Organic food, e.g., citric Alkalies Sodium hydroxide, dilute Sodium hydroxide, concentrated Calcium hydroxide Ammonium hydroxide, dilute Ammonium hydroxide, concentrated Ammonium salts Sodium carbonate Salt Solutions (5%-l Alum Ferrous sulfate Copper sulfate Sodium chloride Calcium chloride Sodium sulfate Sodium phosphate Sodium acetate R(S) R 61 R R R(S) P R R R R R R(S) R R R R R R R(S) R R

2
R(S) NR NR NR R R

3
R(S) NR NR NR NR R

4
R(S) NR NR NR R R

NR NR NR NR NR
R(S)

0% concentration)
R R(S) R(S) R R R R R

Water Tap
Distilled Sea Solvents Chlorinated hydrocarbons (except methylene chloride) Aromatic hydrocarbons Aliphatic hydrocarbons Alcohol (methyl, ethyl, and butyl) Ethers Esters Ketones Phenol Furfuryl alcohol Furfural NR NR NR R NR R R NR R R R R

NR R(S) R(S) R(S) R(S) NR NR NR NR NR

R R R R R R(S) R(S) R(S) R(S) R(S)

R(S) R R R R R(S) R(S) R(S) R(S) R(S)

R R R R R R R
l

*

R(S) R(S) R(S)

Fats and Oils
Mineral Animal Vegetable

R(S) R(S)
R(S)

R R R

R(S) R(S) R(S)

R R R

Halogens (Moist)
Chlorine Bromine lodi ne NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR “MIBK NR NR NR and above.

*Esters are not recommended for continuous immersion service, only limited service.

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

37

TABLE

1.12:

FIBERGLASS INLAND

REINFORCED

EPOXY

AND

VINYL

ESTER

PIPING

SYSTEMS-A.O.

SMITH-

RED THREAD II Pipe: An unlined fiber glass reinforced epoxy resin pipe with the ability to solve corrosion problems in light chemical service at temperatures up to 21O’F. GREEN THREAD Pipe: Fiber glass reinforced epoxy resin pipe with a glass mat reinforced epoxy resin liner. Provides superior corrosion resistance at temperatures up to 225°F. POLY THREAD Pipe: Fiber glass reinforced vinyl ester resin pipe with a glass mat reinforced vinyl ester re.sin liner intended for use in corrosive services at temperatures to 200°F. Final liner thickness not less than ‘20 mils. Vinyl esters have better chemical resistance than epoxies in high acid concentrations and to oxidizing agents.

Chemical Resistance
MAXIMUM CHEMICAL RECOMMENDED TEMPERATURE “F FOR PRODUCTS LISTED Red Green Thread II Thread Thread MAXIMUM CHEMICAL

N.R.-Not

Recommended

N.T.-Not

Tested

RECOMMENDEDTEMPEFIATUAE

pw

‘F FOR PRODUCTS LISTED Red Green POIV rhread II Thread Thread

Acetic Acrd, 10% Acetic Acid, 25% Acetrc Acid. 50% Acetlc Acid, 75% Acetic Acid. Glacial Acetone Acryhc Acid, 95% A&r(Wet or Dry)“’
Alummum Chloride. 1% Alumtnum Potasstum Sulfate, 56% Aluminum Sulfate, 50% Ammonia Gas-Dry*** Ammonium Hydroxide. 10% Ammontum Hydroxide. 26% Ammontum Persulfate. 30% Ammontum Nrtrate, 25% Anolyte Beer Benzene Benzene Sulfonic Acid, 5096 Benzene Sulfonic Acid, 75% Benzene Sulfonic Acid, 100% Black Liquor (Pulp Mill) Boric Acrd. 4% Bone Acid, 20% Bromoform Bromme Water, 4% Butyl Acetate Bury1 Cellosolve Calcrum Chloride, 37.5% Calcrum Hypochlorite, Sat’d. Carbon Disulfrde Carbon Tetrachloride Chloroacetic Acid, 10% Chloroacetic Acid, 25% Chloroacetrc Acrd, 50% Chloroacetrc Acrd, Glacial Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chlorothene Chlorine Gas, Wet t l ** Chlorine Saturated Brine d Chlorinated Water-G100 ppm Cl, Chlonnated Water-1~2CQ+mCI Chlorinated Water - Saturated $ Chromic Acrd. 5% Chromic Acid, 10% Chromic Aod. 30% Citric Acrd. 32% Coca-Cola (Syrup) Copper Sulfate, 17% Cresol 5% Cresol 10% Dichlorobenzene (Ortho) Drethylene Triamine Drmethyl Formamide

150 N.R. N.R. N.A. N.R. N.R. N.R. 210 210 210 210 150 lo0 100 N.T. 210 N.R. 210 120’ N.T. N.T. N.T. 150 210 200 N.R. N.R. 75 150 210 N.R. 120 150 100 N.T. N.T. N.R. 100’ N.R. 100 N.R. N.R. 150 N.R. N.R. N.R. N.R. N.R. 210 100 210 75 N.T. 150 N.R. N.R.

200’ 120 120 120 75 120 100 225 225 225 225 225 150 100 75 225 150 225 150 N.T. N.T. N.R. 225 225 225 N.R. N.R. 150 150 225 N.R. 120 150 120 N.T. N.T. N.R. 150’ N.R. 120 N.R. N.R. 225 200 N.R. N.R. N.R. N.R. 225 150 205. 120 75 150 N.R. N.R.

200 200 150’ 150. 75 N.R. N.R. 200 200 N.T. 200 N.T. 120 150 200 2oD N.T. N.T. 75’ 150 150 N.R. N.T. 200 200 N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. 200 150 N.T. 150’ N.T. 120 150 N.T. N.R. N.T. 75 150 150 200 200 156 150 150 N.R. N.T. N.T. 200 N.T. N.T. N.T. N.R. N.T.

Dioxane Distillery Stillage Distillery Syrup Divinyl Benzene Dowanol EE Dowanol EM Dovviax BNB-Surfactant (NonylPhenol-Ethylene Oxde Condensate) Dow Latex 560 Dow Latex 700 Dow Latex 2144 Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Acrylate Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Benzene Ethyl Ether Ethylene Glycol. 100% Ethylene Glycol-50% in Water Femc Chloride, 10% Ferric Chlonde 40% Ferric Sulfate, 10% Ferric Sulfate, 40% Formaldehyde Formic Acid, 88% Freon 12 OT 22 (Gas or Liquid) Gasolrne, 100 Octane Glycerine Glyoxal Green Liquor (Pulp Mill) Hexane Hydrdwomic Acid, 10% Hydrcbrornic Acid, 20% Hydrobromic Acid, 51% Hydrochloric Acid, 1%” Hydrochloric Acid, 10% Hydrochlonc Acrd. 20% Hydrochloric Acid. 36.5% Hydrofluoric Acid, 1% Hydrofluoric Acid, 5% Hydrofluoric Acid, 10% Hydroflweilicic Acid, 25% Hydrogen Chloride-Gas, Dry*** Hydrogen Peroxide, 10% Hydrogen Pemxide, 27.5% Hydrogen SuHie Gae*‘* Iodine (Sat’d. at Room temp.) Isopropyl Alcohol Jet Fuel (Super Refined Kerosene) Kerosene Lactrc Acid, 50% Lithium Chloride (Sat’d at Room Temperature) Lithium Hydroxide (Said. at Room Temperature) Magnesium Chloride, 24% (Mp Cf,6H,D)

N.R. 150 150 100’ 75 N.R. 100’ 210. 210’ 210. 75 120 75. 120 100’ 210 210 150 150 210 210 75 N.R. N.T. 210 210 N.T. 100 100 N.R. N.R. N.R. 75 N.R. N.R. N.R. N.T. N.T. N.R. N.R. 150 N.R. N.R. 150 120 100’ 150 210 120’ 210 150 210

75 150 150

N.T. N.T.

N.T.
N.T. N.T. N.R. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. 200 2clo 200 200 N.T. 75 N.T. 75’ N.T. N.T. N.T. 75’ 2Dct 200 150 200 2cxl 200 150 150 150 75

100.
75 N.R. 100’ 225 225 225 120 120 120’ 150 100’ 225 225 205 205 225 225 120’ N.R. 75 225 225 120’ 205’ loo’
15Ql) 15ql) loQ1,

15Ql)
15Ql) 1541)

75.11 N.T. N.T. 7541) loql,

150 N.R. N.R. 150.
150 120’ 150’ 225 225 225 205. 225

200 N.T. 75’ 75’ N.T.
N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. N.T. 200 N.T. 200

(continued)

TABLE

1.13:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED

FURAN

POLYMER-QUAKER

OATS CHEMICALS
QUACORR MEDIA GUIDE

QUACORR is the trademark for furfuryl alcohol based resin/catalyst systems developed by the Quaker Oats Company for the manufacture of fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) equipment. QUACORR laminates exhibit a broad range of solvent and chemical resistance combined with excellent physical, flame spread, and smoke development properties. The QUACORR@ Media Guide provides guidelines QUACORR FRP equipment in corrosive media. for the proper application of

MEDIA

CONCENTRATION

TESTofEMP.
s u R.T. I50 B.P.(214) R.T. I50 B.P. 150 (240) X X X X X X X

ACETIC

ACID

25% 25% (GLACIAL) 25% 100% 100% 100%

ACETIC

ACID

ACETIC

ACID,

SODIUM XYLENE, METHANOL, ACETIC

CHLORIDE, DICHLOROPHENDL, ANHYDRIDE,

POTASSIUM BROMOSODIUM

Unknown

The data in this bulletin have been compiled from laboratory testing of QUACORR 1001/2001 laminates prepared in accordance with U.S. Department of Commerce Product Standard 15-69. Laminates were evaluated using the ASTM C-581 test method which requires total immersion of the laminates in test media. Data were obtained from coupons exposed to media for a minimum of three months and, in most cases, one year and compared to unexposed control laminates. Recommendations are based on an evaluation of the following properties: weight change, thickness change, visual appearance, flexural strength, flexural modulus, and Barcol hardness. Based on the results of one year testing in the media specified in ASTM Test C-581, this corrosion guide can also be used for QUACORR 1500 FR.

CHLORIDE, HYDROXIDE, ACETIC ACETIC POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE, ACETONE ACETONITRILE ACRYLIC ACRYLIC METHANOL, ACRYLONITRILE ALCOHOLS

DICHLOROPHENOL,

TRICHLOROBENZENE 100% SODIUM XYLENE, ACETIC CHLORIDE, DICHLDROPHENOL, ACID, SODIUM Unknown I50 150 X X

ANHYDRIDE ANHYDRIDE, CHLORIDE, METHANOL,

BRDMODICHLCROPHENOL,

TRICHLOROBENZENE 100% 100% I 501. R.T. R.T. 176 X X X X

ACID ACID, SULFURIC ACID, METHACRYLATES,

100% 6:60:5:5:24

WATER2. 100% (HEAVY), MALEIC (pH I-12) 100% (TRACE), HYDROCHLORIC Unknown R.T. R.T. X X ACID, SODIUM FUMARIC BISULFITE, Unknown I50 190 X X

-KEY s U R.T. Satisfactory

ACID, HEPTANE, ALKYD

SODIUM

HYDROXIDE,

HEXANE RESIN CHLCRIDE

Unsatisfactory ALKYL Rcnrr (70°F Temperature to gOoF) ALLYL CHLORiDE FLUORIDE POTASSIUM SULFATE 100% Sat. 5% 5% 5% AMINES (ORGANIC), ACID NITRO COMPOUNDS, Unknown B.P. R.T. R.T. 150 R.T. I50 (212) ACID (AQUEOUS1

X X X X X X

@.P. SAT. CONC.

-

Boi

I Ing

Point ALUMINUM

Saturated ALUMINUM

Concentrated

HYDROCHLORIC

::

Tested under Recommendation

pressure. based

on

successful

case

histories.

(continued)

TABLE 1.13:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED
QUACORR MEDIA GUIDE

FURAN

POLYMER-QUAKER
‘EST TEMP OF

OATS CHEMICALS

(continued)
QuACCRR MEDIA GUIDE

MEDIA

QNCENTRAT

I oh

S

U

Af+!CNIUM

ACETATE

Sat. Sat. SULFATE, SULFURIC ACID 01 lute 20% 100%

R.T. 150 250 R.T. 150

X X CARBCN TETRACHLORIDE, ACETATE SOLVENT ALCOHOLATE AROMATIC SOLVENT CHLOROFORM, WATER X CELLOSOLVE X CELLOSOLVE X CHLORAL X CHLORINATED

AMMON I UM BROM I DE AfwINILIM At+t0JIUM ANILINE AQUA REGIA HYDRDSEN HYDROXIDE”

BENZALDEHYDE BENZENE BENZYL CHLORIDE

100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% LIQUOR2’

150 150 R.T. 150 R.T. 150 R.T. 150

X X X X X X X X CrlLOROFORM, CARBON (MIXED TETRACHLORIDE, ISOMERS) 100% p-c%lLOROPHENOL 95% 95% CHLOROSULFQNIC CHLCROTHENE N.U. ISOMERS) ACIDI. 100% 150 R.T. 150 R.T. R.T. 150 150 150 B.P. (312) 150 R.T. 150 B.P.f212) 150 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X WATER X CHLOROPHENOL X CHLOROACETIC CHLOROFORM ACID (TRI) MLCRINATED CHLDROETHANE, CHLORINE CHLORDACETIC SOLVENTS (TRACE). TRIHYDROCHLORIC ACID (DILUTE) (FREE?. ACID (MONO)

0-BENZYL-p-CHLOROPHENOL

BLACK

PULP

MILL

BORAX BROMINE

SOLUT

Icd*

Sat.

150

(FREE13’ SODIUM XYLENE, ACID, ACETIC METHANOL, CHLORIDE, DICHLDRCANHYDRIDE, TRICHLOROUnknown 150 X

BRCMODICHLOROPHENOL, POTASSIUM PHENOL, SCDIUM BENZENE CHLORIDE, ACETIC HYDROXIDE,

100%
100% 100% 100% 100%

BUTYL BUTYL

ACETATE ALCOHOL

100% lOO% 3.P.

I I3 (243)

X CRESOL X CYCLMEXANE X CYCLCHEXANONE X (MIXED

BUTYRALDEHYDE CALCIUM CARBON HYPQCHLORITE DISULFIDEA’

100%

150

100%

3.P.fll5)

X

CYCLOHEXYLAMINE DEMINERALIZED WATER

100s 100%
100% 100%

1. 2. 3. 4.

QuaCorr Consult Maxlmum loh

service Technlcal allowable

In

thls Servlce

media on be on

should temperatures have

be not

dlscussed higher been Testing historles.

with than deftned. Is

Technical 15O’F. QuaCorr

Service. servlce at

concentrations may based satisfactory. successful

concentrations

recommended.

Recoranendation

case

DICHLDRETHANE

(1.2)

IOOl
concentrations may be satisfactory. have not

1.

Maximum low

allowable

concentrations

been defined. QuaCorr Test 1 ng is reccminended.

servlce

at

(continued)

TABLE 1.13:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED
@JACDRR MEDIA GUIDE

FURAN

POLYMER-OUAKER

OATS CHEMICALS

(continued)
QJACORR MEDIA GUIDE

MEDIA

DNCENTRAT

IO

:EST TEMP OF 100-120 190

S

DICHLOROBENZENE1’ o-DICHLOROBENZENE, (DILUTE), SODIUM FUMARIC ACID, HYDROCHLORIC ACID bYDROXlDE, MALEIC ACID, ALCOHOL SODIUM

98% Unknown

X X

Z-ETHYL ETHYLENE WATER

BUTYRIC

ACID HYDROCHLORIC ACID,

CHLOf?OtiYDRIN,

ISOPROPYL 513% 7 IO) SODIUM MALEIC

0-DICHLOROBENZENE, HYDROXIDE (pH

Unknown

ETHYLENE

DIAMINE

o-DICHLOROBENZENE, ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL, ACID DICHLOROPHENDL DICHLOROPHENOL, ACID, XYLENE, ANHYDRIDE, CHLOROBENZENE DIESEL DIETHYL FUEL CARBONATE POTASSIUM SODIUM (2.4)

HYDROXIDE, ACID, FUMARIC

Unknown

ETHYLENE ETHYLENE

DIBROMIDE DICHLORIDE GLYCOL ACIDl’ ACID

100% CHLORIDE, METHANOL, ACETIC TRIACETIC Unknown

UHYLENE FLUDE0RlC FLUOSILICIC

SDCIUM CHLORIDE,

BROMODICHLOROPHENOL, HYDROXIDE,

FDRMALDEHYDE

IO05 100% 100%

150 B.P.(257) R.T. R.T. 300 I50 150 3.P.(212) R.T. I50 3.P.(l71) II3 R.T. R.T. I50 3.P.(l73)

X X X X X X X

FDRMALIN FDRMIC ACIDl’

DIETHYLAMINE DIMETHYL DIMETHYL FORMAMIDE*. PHTHALATE

FUEL OIL FUMARIC ACID, HYDROCHLORIC ACID (DILUTE), SODIUM HYDROXIDE, MALEIC ACID, ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL, o-DICHLOROBENZENE FUMARIC ACID, MALEIC ACID, HYDROXIDE, SODIUV BISULFITE, HEXANE, HEAVY ALCOHOLS (pH SODIUM HEPTANE, l-12)

100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% sat. 100%

DIMETHYL DISTILLED

PROPANOLAMINE WATER

X X
X X

ETHYL ACETATE

FUMARIC ACID, SOOIUM HYDROXIDE, MALEIC ACID, o-DICHLORDBENZENE, ISOPROPYL ALCWOL FUNDAL’

ETHYLACFTOACETATE ETHYL ACRYLATE
ETHYL ALCOHOL (ETHANOL)

*
METHYL PARATHION ALCOHOL RESIN SPIRIT, KEROSENE,

X

FUNDAL, X FURFURYL
X X X

951 95% 95%
with concentraticns may be otter media. have satisfactory. not been Testing defined. Is

GAS OIL, MINERAL PENlACHLCi?Df+lENOL 1.

1.
2.

Tested Maxlmum lower

in

combination

f+!axlmum allowable
lower COnCentratlOnS Fundal to 7 I part

concentrations may parts be water.

have sailsfactory.

not

been Testlng

defined. Is

QuaCorr recomnended.

ser~lce

a+

allohable
concentrations

QuaCorr recommended.

servlce

al

2.

(continued)

TABLE 1.13:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED
QUACORR MEDIA GUIDE

FURAN

POLYMER-QUAKER

OATS CHEMICALS

(continued)

rEST

__. .__.“. __ s
X X X X X HYDROCHLORIC CHLORIDE, HYDROFLUDRIC HYDROGEN HYPOCHLOROUS MEDIA

__ __
TEST CONCENTRAT ION TEMP. OF s u

h

MEDIA GLYOXAL GREEN PULP MILL LIQUOR’.

IC DNCENTRAT

IC+

TEMP OF

-

40%

150 R.T. 150

ACID WATER ACI D1’ PEROXIDE” ACID”

(DILUTE),

VINYL

Unkrow”

R.T.

X

15% I%

R.T. R.T.

X X X

n-HEPTANE

100%
100% 100% B.P.

R.T. I50 (208 199

X X

HEPTANE, SODIUM HEXANE, HEXANE, SODIUM ALCOHOLS HYDROBRmlC HYDROCHLORIC

MALEIC HYDROXIDE, HEAVY MALEIC BISULFITE, (pH

ACID, ALCOHOLS ACID, I-12)

FUMARIC (pH l-12)

ACID,

Unknown

SODIUM

BISIJLFITE,

I SOPHORONE
ISOPROPYL (DILUTE), FUMARIC ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL, HYDROCHLORIC ACID SOOIUM HYDROXIDE, MALEIC ACID, ACID, o-DICHLDROBENZENE MALEIC SODIUM MALEIC ACID (DILUTE)

100% Unknown

II3 190

X X

FUMARIC ACID, HEPTANE, HEAVY

Unknown

190

X

ALCOHOL, ALCOHOL,

Unknown Unknown

190 190

X X

ACID ACID

48% 15% 15% 25%2. 30%2.

R.T. R.T. I50 150 I50 R.T.

ISOPROPYL ACID I SDf’RDPY ISOPROPYL KELEX

HYDROXIDE, ACID, FUMARIC

o-DICHLORDBENZENE,

L ETHER MYRISTATE. ( SOLVENT KEROSENE SULFURIC EXTRACT ACID I O+J 1,

100% 95:5 U” know”

II3 185 75

X X X

HYDROCHLORIC ACID CHLORIDE (TRACE) HYDROCHLORIC WATER HYDROCHLORIC AMINES (ORGANIC) ACID, ACID,

CAQUEOUS,,

ALKYL

Unknown

L I GANC ACID,

ETHYLENE

CHLOROI’YDRIN,

20:5:75

160-180

X

SULFURIC KEROSENE

ACID,

NITRO

COMPOUNDS,

Unknown

R.T.

X

100% 100% 100% OIL, MINERAL SPIRIT, 32:31:32:5

R.T. 150 B.P. 150 (266)

X X x X

HYCJROCHLORIC WATER HYDROCHLORIC WATER HYDROCHLORIC HYDROXIDE, o-DICHLDROBENZENE, HYDROCHLORIC MONCCHLORIDE

PHOSPHOROUS

6:75:

19

R.T.

X

KEROSENE, GAS PENTACHLORCPHENOL KEROSENE, LIGAND,

ACID,

PHOSPHOROUS

ACID,

6:75:

19

150

X

SULFURIC KELEX ACID; CHLORIDE ACID PULP

ACID,

KELEX EXTRACTION);

LIGAND

Unknown Unknown

75 75

X X

(SOLVENT KEROSENE

ACID MALEIC

(DILUTE), ACID, ISOPROPYL

SODIUM FUMARIC ACID, ALCOHOL SULFUR

Unknown

190

X

SULFURIC LITHI,UH MAGNEFITE

34% MILL LlpUOR3.

B.P. R.T. I50

(280)

X X X X

ACID, SULFUR, (VAPORS) (DILUTE), SOLVENTS

Unknown

200

X

HYD’7OCHLORIC ACID ETHANE, CHLORINATED

TRICHLORO(TRACE)

Unknown

R.T.

X

t4ALElC HYDROXIDE, HEXANE,

ACID, HEAVY

FUMARIC SODIUM ALCOHOLS Technical allowable TechnIcal

ACID, (pH Servlce

SODIUM HEPTANE, l-12)

Unknown

190

BISULFITE,

1. 2. Consult Technlcal
Service OTT temperatures

1 1. 2. 3. Consult Maximum
low

higher hlstorles.

than

150°F.

on

hydrofltiorlc not

acid been Testing higher

appltcatlons. defined. QuaCorr is recommended. than 15DoF. service at

Recorrnendatlon

based

on

successful

case

COnCentratiOnS

concentrations have my be satlsfactoy. Service on temperatures

Consult

(continued)

TABLE 1.13:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED
~ACDRR MEDIA

FURAN

POLYMER-QUAKER

OATS CHEMICALS

(continued)
QUACORR MEDIA GUIDE CNCENTRAT 50:50 I 005 ACIDl’ KEROSENE, 32:3l 70s :32:5 EST TEMP. OF 120 150 150 150
X

GUIDE CONCENTRAT I ON Unknown TESTo:EHP. 190 s X IJ MEDIA METHYL PAP.ATH I ON, FUNDAL

MEDIA

ION

-

S
X X

U

MALEIC ACID, HYDROCHLORIC ACID (DILUTE), SODIUM HYDROXIDE, FUMARIC ACID, o-DICHLOROBENZENE, ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL MALE~~ ACID (DILUTE), ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL

METHYL

SULFATE

METHYLSULFONIC U” know” Unknown 190 190 X X

MALEIC ACID, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, FUMARIC ACID, o-DICHLOROBENZENE, ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL METHACRYLATES, SULFURIC ACID, METHANOL, WATERI* METHALLYL CHLORIDE ACID, ACRYLIC

MINERAL SPIRIT, GAS OIL, PENTACHLOROPHENOL MONOCHLORCBENZENE

5:60:6:5:24

176

X l.QNOETHANOLAMINE loos loos 100% ACID 2. 52 51 975 (ORGANIC), Unknown

R.T. 150 I.P.(27D) II3 150 150 R.T. 150 150 R.T.

X X X X X

Crude Un know”

185 170

X MORPHOLINE X NAPTHA NITRIC

METHALLYL CHLORIDE, SODIUM CARBONATE, TRIETHYLAMINE SALTS, METHALLYL ETHER OF o-NITROPHEYOL, WATER METHALLYL ETHER OF o-NITROPHENOL (CRUDE), METHALLYL CHLORIDE, SODIUM CARBONATE, TRIETHYLAMINE SALTS, WATER METHANOL METHANOL, ACETIC ACID, SODIUM CHLORIDE, POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, XYLENE, ACETIC ANHYDRIDE, DICHLOROPHENOL, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, BRDMODICHLOROPHENOL, TRICHLOROBENZENE METHANOL, SULFURIC ACID,.ACRYLIC METHACRYLATES, WATERl. METHYLATED SPIRIT, INWSTRIAL ACID,

X
X X X X

Un know”

170

X NITRCBENZENE

100x Un know”

9.P.f

150) 150

X X

NITRC COMPCUNDS, AMINES HYDRCCHLORIC ACID OLEUM (CONC. H2S04)

PENTACHLDROPHENOL, MINERAL SPIRIT PERCHLOROETHYLENE 5:60:6:5:24 176 X

GAS OIL,

KEROSENE,

5:3l

:32:32 loos 100s loos IO01

150 R.T. 150 235-250 l.P.(250) 150

X

X
X

X
X X X

100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

R.T. 150 II3 100 R.T. 150 B.P.fl76) R.T. 200

X X X X X X X X X

PESTICIDE P+lENOL PHENOLIC

fFUNDALj3’ 52 SOS4 RESIN ACID 100% I51 15% 15% 90s

METHYL CELLOSOLVE METHYLENE CHLORIDE1’ KETONE

*

I50 150 R.T. R.T. I50 l.P.(214) 150

X X X X

METHYL ETHYL

PHOSF+lORlC

METHYL

I SOBUTY L.

KETONE

100s
100%

1. 2. 3. 4.

1.

Recomndatlon

based

on successful

case

hlstories.

Maxlmum allowable concentrations have not been defined. DuaCorr service at lower concentrations may be satisfactory. Testlng Is recommended. Not remmended for concentrations over 51. I part Fundal to 7 parts water. Not recmnded at hlgh concentrations or hlgh temperatures. Consult Technical Service for concentrations above 5% and temperatures In excess of 15OOF.

(continued)

TABLE 1.13:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED
QUACORR MEDIA

FURAN

POLYMER-QUAKER
EST TEMF OF 200

OATS CHEMICALS

(continued)
&JACORR MEDIA GUIDE

GUIDE ONCENTRAT ION S
X

MEDIA PHOSPHORIC ACID SCRAP LIQUOR SODIUM PHOSPHATE PHOSPHOROUS ACID, HYDROCHLORIC (pH t-3).

U QUATERNARY At+4044 IUM SALTS LIQUORl.

Unknown WATE’

ACID,

75:6: 75:6:

19 19

R.T. 150

RED PULP MILL
X

X X SILICON SLIMETROL
X

PHOSPHOROUS BROMIDEl* PHOSPHOROUS CHLORIDE PHOSPHORUS OXYCHLORIDE CHLORIDE) POTASSIUM CARBONATE (PHOSPHORYL
Sat.

TETRACHLORIDE

150 R.T. 150 150 150

100% 100% Sat. Unknown

SLIMICIDE
X X X X

SODIUM EISULFITE, MALEIC ACID, FUMARIC ACID, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, HEPTANE, HEXANE, HEAVY ALCOHOLS (pH l-12) $00

POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, SOCiUM CHLORIDE, XYLENE, DICHLOROPHENOL, ACETIC ACID, BRCh’4ODIWLOROPHENOL. ACETIC ANHYDRIDE, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, METHANOL, TRICHLOROBENZENE WTASSIUM POTASSIUM FERRICYANIDE HYDROXIDE

I UM

CARBONATE

Sat. 50% 50% Sat.

150 R.T. 150 I50

X X X

SODIUM CARBONATE, METHALLYL CHLORIDE, METHALLYL ETHER OF o-NITROPHENOL, TRIETHYLAMINE SALTS, WATER SODIUM (2.5%), SODIUY CARBONATE, SULFUROUS CHLORIDE SODIUM HYDROSULFIDE ACID

POTASSIUM POTASSIUM POTASSIUM

PERMANGANATEI’ PEROXIDEl* PYROPHOSPHATE (TKPP)‘*

X X

60% 60%

R.T. 150 R.T. 150

X X X X X X X X X X X

PULP MILL

Ll’&OR

(GREEN13’

R.T. 150 R.T. 150 R.T. 150 150 150 R.T.

SODIUM CHLORIDE, POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, XYLENE, DICHLOROPHENOL, ACETIC ACID, BROMODICHLOROPHENOL, ACETIC ANHYDRIDE, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, METHANOL, TRICHLOROBENZENE SODIUM CHROMATE SODIUM HYDROXIDE

PULP MILL

Licx~o~

(RED)~.

PULP MILL

LiwoR

(wHITE)~.

PYRIDINE

X X service at

SODIUK HYDROXIDE (3-13%), BENZENE (pH 7 10)

o-DICHLORO-

1. 2. 3.

QuaCorr Maximum allowable concentrations have not been define low concentrations may be satisfactory. Testing Is recommended. Tested in comblnatlon with other media. Consult Technical Service on tervperafures higher than 150’F.

1.

Consult

Technical

Service

on temperatures

higher

than

15D’F. (:.ontinued)

TABLE 1.13:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED

FURAN

POLYMER-QUAKER

OATS CHEMICALS

(continued)
@lACORR MEDIA GUIDE :DNCENTRAT lo1 25% 25% 25% 5@%1. 5Obl. 60%** ACRYLIC WATERI* ACID, METHANOL, 60:6:5:5:24

MEDIA SODIUM HYDROXIDE, o-DICHLOROBENZENE, ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL, MALEIC ACID, FUMARIC ACID SODIUM HYDROXIDE, HYDROCHLORIC ACID (DILUTE, MALEIC ACID, FUMARIC ACID, o-DICHLDROBENZENE, ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL SODIUM HYDROXIDE, MALEIC ACID, FUMARIC ACID, SODIUM BLSULFITE, HEPTANE, HEXANE, HEAVY ALCOHOLS, (pH I-12) SODIUM HYDROXIDE, SODIUM CHLORIDE, ACETIC ACID, POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, XYLENE, DICHLOROPHENOL, BROMODICHLOROFHENOL, ACETIC ANHYDRIDE, METHANOL, TRICHLOROBENZENE SODIUM SODIUM LIQUOR SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE” PHOSPHATE, (pH l-3) SULFIDE PHOSPHORIC ACID SCRAP

CCNCENTRAT I ON Unknown

TESTO:EHP*
s u 190 X SULFURIC ACfD

MEDIA

~EST4EHF
S
X

U

Unknown

190

X

R.T. I50 3.P.f216: 150 250 150 I76

X
X X

X
X X

Unknown

190

X

SULFURIC ACID, MEMACRYLATES, SULFURIC ACID, ACID, ACID,

ISOPROPYL KEROSENE, SULFONIC

MYRISTATE KELEX LIGAND ACID, SULFUR

5:95 Unknown Unknown

185 75 160-180

X

Unknown

150

X

SULFURIC SULFURIC DIOXIDE

X
X

.lS Unknown

R.T. 200

X X

SULFUROUS ACID, SODIUM HYDROSULFIDE SODIUM CARBONATE TETRAHYDROFURAN TETRAHYDROFURFURYL ALCOHOL

(2.5%

Unknown

176

X

100% 100% 60% 60% 100% 100%

R.T. R.T. R.T. 150 R.T. R.T. 150 1.P. (230) R.T. R.T. R.T. R.T. 180 R.T. 150

X
X X X

(HYDRO) (2.5). ACID SODIUM

2% Unknown

176 176

X X

SODIUM SULFIDE-HYDRO CARBONATE, SULFUROUS STANNIC STYRENE CHLORIDE

TETRAPOTASS I UM PYROPHOSPHATE

I oog 100% SULFURlC Unknown

I50 R.T. 160-180

X X X

THICNYL TOLUENE

CHLORIDE

X
X X X X X X X

100%
100% DIISOCYANATE SULFONIC ACID (IN WATER) 100% 70% 85% 70%

SULFONIC ACID (CONCENTRATED), ACID, SULFUR DIOXIDE SULFUR, MOLTEN

TOLUENE 300 SULFUR Unknown 200 X X TOLUENE 100% 150 160-180 X X TOLUENE TOLUENE

SULFUR, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, MONOCHLORIDE (VAPORS) SULFUR CHLORIDE SULFUR DIOXIDE, SULFURIC ACID (MONO) SULFONIC

SULFONIC SULFONIC

ACID ACID ACID

(IN

METHANOL)

(PARA)

100%
50% Unknown

X
X X

ACID,

Unknown

TRIMLOROACETIC

SULFUR MONOCHLORIDE HYDROCHLORIC ACID SULFUR TR10XlDE2’ 1. 2. Not recomnended Maximum allowable low concentrations

(VAPCRS),

SULFUR,

Unknown

200

X

X at higher concentrations. concentrations have may be satisfactory.

TFI I CHLOROBENZENE , ACET I C AC ID. SOD I UM CHLORIDE, POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, YYLENE, DICHLOROPHENOL, BROMODICHLWOPHENOL, ACETIC ANHYDRIDE, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, METHANOL 1. _ Reconmwndatlon _ . . acla SdlterIc based on successful case recomnenaea to maxlmum of

not

been defined. QuaCorr Testing is reccnmended.

service

at

2.

hlstorles. 50% concentration

and 250°F. (continued)

TABLE 1.13:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED

FURAN

POLYMER-QUAKER

OATS CHEMICALS

(continued)

WACORR MEDIA TRICHLOROETHANE TRICHLOROETHANE (l,l,l) (MIXED ISOMERS)

MEDIA

GUIDE TEST CONCENTRAT I ON 100% 100s Unknown TEMP. OF

5 X X X

u

R.T. R.T. R.T.

TRICHLOROETHANE, CHLORINATED SOLVENTS (TRACE), HYDROCHLORIC ACID (DILUTE1 TRICHLOROETHYLENE

100s 100s 100% Unknown

150 B.P.(lB9) II3 170

X X X X

TRIETHANOLAMINE TRIETHYLAMINE SALTS, METHYL ETHER OF o-NITROPHENOL, METHALLYL CHLORIDE, SODIUN CARBONATE, WATER TRISODIUM PHOSPHATE ACID

sat. Unknown

150 R.T.

X X

VINYL CHLORIDE, HYDROCHLORIC (DILUTE), WATER WATER (DEMINERALIZED)

loos loos IO01 100% 100%

R.T. 150 B.P.(ZlZ) 150 B.P.(212) R.T. 150

X X x X x X X X X

WATER (DISTILLED)

WdlTE

PULP MILL

LIQUOR’.

XYLENE

(MIXED

ISOMERS)

100% Unknown

B.P.(284) 150

XYLENE, SODIUM CHLORIDE, POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, DICHLORORIENOL, ACETIC ACID, BROMODICHLORO~ENOL, ACETIC ANHYDRIDE. SODIUM HYDROXIDE, METHANOL, TRIMLOROBENZENE ZIRCONIUM RAFFINATE (ZIRCONIUM DXYCHLORIDE, HCI, MIBK, THIOCYANIC ZIRCONIUM RAFFINATE (ZIRCONIUM 3XYCHLORIDE. HCI, MIBK, THIOCYANIC ACID)

100%

R.T.

X

100% ACID)

150

X

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

47

TABLE 1.14:

FIBERGLASS MOLDED

REINFORCED

ISOPHTHALIC

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER-MORRISON

FIBER GLASS

EXTREN is a proprietary combination of fiberglass reinforcements and thermosetting polyester or vinyl ester resin systems produced in standard structural shapes and sheets by Morrison Molded Fiber Glass Company. EXTREN is widely used in industrial construction and maintenance, commercial construction, and as components of industrial equipment and commercial products. The information below is based on data collected from several years of actual industrial applications. In addition it is based on conservative evaluation of the changes which occur in certain properties of replicate laminates after exposures of one year or longer, both in the laboratory and the field, according to the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM C-581). These properties include hardness, flexural strength, and flexural modulus. Surface stability is also a major characteristic and must be evaluated.

Series 500 and 525-lsophthalic Series 625-Vinyl ester

CHEMICAL polyester

RESISTANCE -

EXTREN NR = Not resistant R = Resistant SERIESso&525
RT 160’F SERIES 625 RT 16c)‘F

SERIES500525
RT 160’F

SERIES 625 RT 160°F

CHEMICAL Acetaldehyde Acetlc Acid O-25% Acetic Acid 25-50% Acetic AnhydrIde Acetone Acrylonltrile Alcoho!, Butyl Alcohol, Ethyl 10% Alcohol, Ethyl 100% Alcohol, Isopropyl Alcohol, Alcohol, Alcohol, Isopropyl 10% 100% NR R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R Chloride Hydroxide Nitrate Potassium Sulfate Aqueous Gas Bicarbonate Bisulfite Carbonate Citrate Flouride Hydroxide Hydroxide Hydroxide Nitrate Persulfate 5% 10% 20% O-10% 5% R R R R NR NR R NR NR R NR R R NR R NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R NR R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR R R NR NR NR R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R NR NR NR NR 150” NR 150” NR 150” NR 150” 150” R R 120” fl R 100” 100” 120” 120” 120” 120”
100”

CHEMICAL Ammonium Ammonium Arsenious 0-Benzoyl Phosphate Sulfate Acid Bentoic Acid NR R R NR NP R R NR R NR R NR in Kerosene R R R NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R NR R R 120” R R R R R R 120” R R 120” NR R R R R NR R

Barium Acetate Barrum Carbonate Barium Chloride Barium Hydroxide Bawm Beer Benzene 5% Benzene Sulfate

Barium Sulfide

Alcohol, Methyl 10% Methyl 100% Methyl lsobutyl Butyl

Benzene Sulfonic Acid Benzoic Acid Benzyl Alcohol Benzyl Chloride Brass Plating Solutton.
(3% 6% 1% 3% Copper Cyanide Sodum Cyamde Zinc Cyangde Sodum Carbonate)

Alcohol, Secondary Alum Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum Ammonia, Ammonia, Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium

Bury1 Acerate Butyric Acid 040% Butylene Glycol Cadmium Cadmium Chloride Cyanide

NR R R R Plaling Solution: NR R R R R

NR NR R NR

NR R R R

NR R R R

(3% Cadmwn Oxide 10% Wum Cyantde

NR R NR R R

R R R R

120” R R R

120” 120” 120” R 120”

1% Causticsoda) Calcium Bisulfite Calcium Carbonate Calcium Chlorate Calcium Chloride

R R (continued)

48

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 1.14:

FIBERGLASS MOLDED

REINFORCED

ISOPHTHALIC
SERIES 625 RT 160°F

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER-MORRISON
SERIES 625
RT 16O'F

FIBER GLASS
SERIES 500-525 RT 160°F

(continued)
SERIES MO-525
RT 160ct-

CHEMICAL Calcium Hydroxide Calcium Hypochlorite Calcium Nitrate Calcium Sulfate Calcium Sulfite Caprylic Acid Carbon Dioxide Carbon Disulfide Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachloride Carborw Acid Castor 011 Carbon Methyl Cellulose Chlorinated Wax Chlorine Dloxlde;Alr Chlorine Dloxlde, Chlorine. Dry Gas Wet Gas R R R R R R R NR R NR R R NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR Acid NR NR NR R d R R NR NR R NR NR NR R R R NR R NR R NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R NR R NR NR R NR R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R NR R R NR NR NR R NR R R R R R R R R 120” 120” R R R R R NR R loo” R R 120 R R R R R NR R 100” NR NR NR R NR R R R R R R R R

CHEMICAL Copper Pickling Bath. NR R R R R 011 R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR R Glycol Phthalate R NR NR R NR R NR NR NR R NR R R R R R R’ R R
NItrate) (10% Ferric Sulfate 10% Sulfuric Acid)

NR R NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR R NR R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

R R R R R R R R R R R NR R NR NR R R R R R R R NR NR NR R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR R R R R R R R NR
NR

Copper Corn Oil

Sulfate Slurry

Corn Starch Corn Sugar Cottonseed

Crude Oil, Sour Crude Oil, Sweet Cyclohexane Detergents, Sulfonated Di-Ammonium Phosphate Dibromophenol Dibutyl Ether Dlchloro Benzene

Dichloroethylene Diesel Fuel Diethylene Dimethyl

Chlorine, Wet Gas Chlorine, Llquld Chlortne. Water Chloroacetlc Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chlorosulfonlc Chromic Acid 20% Chromic Acid 30% Chromium Cltrvz Acid Coconut 011 Copper Chloride Copper Cyanide Copper Copper Copper Fluoride Nltrate Plattng Solution Sulfate Acid 040%

Dioctyl Phthalate Dipropylene Dodecyl Glycol

Alcohol

Esters, Fatty Acids Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Benzene Ethyl Ether Ethylene Ethylene Glycol Dichloride

NR R NR R R R R R R R R 120” R 120” R R R

Fatty Acids Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferric Sulfate Ferrous Chloride Ferrous Nitrate Ferrous Sulfate 8-8-8 Fertilizer

(Copper Cyanide 10 5% Copper 14% Copper Cyantde 6% Rochelle Salts)

Copper

Brite Platmg

NR

NR

R

120”

Fertilizer
(Urea Ammonium

(Causttc Cyanide)

NR NR

Copper Plating Solution. (45%Copper Fluoroborate
‘19% Copper Sulfate 8% Sullur~c Acid)

NR

NR

R

R

Flue Gas Fluoboric Acid Acid O-20% Fluosilicic

NR NR R R

Copper

Matte Dipping

Bath NR NR R R

(30% Few Chloride 19% Hydrochloric)

Formaldehyde Formic Acid

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

49

TABLE 1.14:

FIBERGLASS MOLDED

REINFORCED
500-525

ISOPHTHALIC
SERIES 625

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER-MORRISON
500525 160’F SERIES AT 625 160-F

FIBER GLASS
SERIES RT

(continued)
SERIES RT

16o’F

RT

160°F

CHEMICAL Fuel Ott Gas. Natural Gasoline, Gasoline, Gasoline, Gasoline. Gluconic Glucose Glycerine Glycol. Ethylene Glycol. Propylene Glycolic Acrd Auto Aviation Ethyl Sour Acid R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R R R NR NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

CHEMICAL Kerosene Lactic Acid Laura1 Chloride Laurlc Acid Lead Acetate Lead Nitrate Lead Plating Solution. R R NR R R R
Actd Acid)

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R R NR NR R NR R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR R -

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR R NR NR R R NR NR R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 140 R R R R NR NR NR R NR NR R R NR
NR

(II% Fluoborlc
.4% BOW

NR R R R R R R R NR R R R R NR NR NR R NR NR R R NR NR R R R R R

Levulinlc

Acid

Linseed 011 Lrthium Bromide Lithium Sulfate Magnesium Magnesium Magnesium Magnesium Magnesium Maleic Acid Mercuric Mercurous Methylene Chloride Chloride Chloride Blsulflte Carbonate Chloride Hydroxide Sulfate

Gold Plating Solution:
(63% Potasswm Ferrocyanlde .2% Potassum Gold Cyanide .0% Sodurn Cyanide)

Heptane Hexane Hexylene Hvdraulic Glycol Fluid Acid O-25% Acid O-37% Acid Acid 10% Acid Hot Stack Gasses

R R R R R R R NR NR Wet Gas NR Dry Gas NR Wet Gas NR NR ‘R R NR NR NR

NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR -

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R 340” R R R R 120” R R R R 120” A R R 120” R

Hydrobromic Hydrochloric Hydrocyanic Hydrofluoric Hydrofluosilicic Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrosulfite Hypochlorous

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl lsobutyl Methanol Carbitol (see alcohol) Ketone

Methyl lsobutyl Methyl Styrene Mineral
Oils

Bromide, Chloride, Chloride, Peroxide

Molybdenum Monochloro

Disulfide Acetic Acid

Sulfide Dry Sulfide, Aqueous Fluoride, Bleach Acid O-10% Vapor

Monoethanolamtne Motor 011 MyFIstic Acid Naphtha Naphlhalene Nickel Chloride

R R R R
R

R NR R R

R R R R

Iron Plating Solutlon:
(45% FeCIz. 15% CaCI, 20% FeSOa 11% (NH.) zSO,)

NR NR NR R R

NR NR NR R NR

R R R R R

Iron and Steel Cleaning
(9% Hydrochloric 23% Sulfuw)

Bath

R Nckel Nltrate Nickel Plattng. (6% Lead R NR

R

9% Fluobortc Acld 4% BOK Acld)

NR

NR

R

R

Isopropyl Isopropyl Jet Fuel

Amtne PaImItate

R Nckel Plating. (11% Nckel Sullate 2% Nlckei Chlortde R
1% BOW Acid)

R

NR

R

R

(continued)

50

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.14:

FIBERGLASS MOLDED

REINFORCED
SERIES 500525 RT 160’F

ISOPHTHALIC
SERIES 625 FIT 16o’F

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER-MORRISON
SERIES 625 RT 16o’F

FIBER GLASS

(continued)
SERIES M&525 RT 160-F

CHEMICAL Nickel Plating:
(44% Nfckei Sulfate 4% Ammonium Chlorfde 4% Bone Actd) R

CHEMICAL Potassium Permanganate NR R R Potassium Propionic Propylene Persulfate Acid Glycol 150% 50-100% Potassium Sulfate R R NR NR NR R R R R NR R R R R NR NR NR NR R R R NR R R R R R R NR R R R R NR R R R R 120 R NR R R R R NR R R R R R NR NR R R NR NR NR NR R NR NR R NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R R NR R R NR R R R R 140” R R 120” NR R R NR R R R R

Nckel

Sulfate

Nrtrrc Acrd 05% Nrtric Acid 20% Nrtric Acid Fumes Nrtrobenzene Octanorc Acrd 011. Sour Crude Oil. Sweet Crude Oleic Acid Oleum (Fumrng Sulfuric) Olrve Oil Oxalic Acid Peroxrde Bleach
(2% Sodium Peroxlde 96% .025% Epsom Salts 5% SodturnSlllcate. 4TBE 1.4% Sulfurtc Acid. 66-BE)

Pulp Paper Mill Effluent Pyridine Salicylic Acid Sebacic Selenous Acid Acid

Silver Nitrate Srlver Plating Solution:
(4% Sher Cyanide 7% Potawum Cyanide 5% Sodium Cyanide 2% Potasswm Carbonate)

NR

NR

R

R

R

R

R

R

Soaps Sodium Acetate Sodium Benzoate

R R R R R R R R R O-25% R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR R NR R R R R NR NR R NR R NR R R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 120” 120” 120” 120” 120” NR

Phenol Phenol Sulfonic Acid Phosphoric Phosphoric Phosphorous Acid Acid Fumes Pentoxide

NR NR R R R NR .R R R R R Latex w/35 NR Sulfate R R R R R R R R NR R

NR NR R R R NR R R R NR NR NR R NR NR NR R NR R R NR R

NR j\lR R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

NR NR R R R NR R R R R R 120” R 140” R 140” R 140” R R
120”

Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Bifluoride Sodium Bisulfate Sodium Bwlflte Sodium Bromate Sodium Bromide Sodium Carbonate Sodium Chlorate Sodium Chloride Sodrum Chlorite Sodium Chromate Sodium Cyanide Sodium Dichromate Sodium Di-Phosphate Sodium Ferricyanide Sodium Ferrocyanide Sodium Fluoride Sodium Fluoro Silicate Sodium HexametaphosphatesNR Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Hydroxide O-5% 5-25% 50%

Phosphorous Trichloride Phthalrc Acid Pickling Acids
(Sulfuric and Hydrochloric)

Picrrc Acid, Alcoholtc Polyvinyl Acetate Polyvinyl Alcohol Polyvinyl Chloride (Parts DOP) Latex

Potassium Aluminum Potassium Brcarbonate Potassium Bromide Potassrum Carbonate Potassium Chloride Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium Drchromate

‘Potassium Ferricyanide Ferrocyanide Hydroxide Nitrate

R (continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

51

TABLE 1.14:

FIBERGLASS MOLDED

REINFORCED
SERIES 500-525
RT 160°F

ISOPHTHALIC
SERIES 625
RT 160°F

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER-MORRISON
SERIES
RT

FIBER GLASS

(continued)
SERIES 5Ob525 RT 160’F 625 160°F

CHEMICAL Sodium Hydrosulfide Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Lauryl Sulfate Sodium Mono-Phosphate Sodium Nitrate Sodium Silicate Sodium Sulfate Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfite Sodium Terra Borate Sodium Thiocyanate Sodrum Thiosulfate Sodium Tripolyphosphate Sodium Xylene Sulfonate Sorbitol Solutions Sour Crude Oil Soya Oil Stannic Chloride Stannous Chloride Stearic Acid Styrene Sugar, Beet and Cane Liquor Sugar, Sucrose Suifamic Acid Sulfanilic Acrd Sulfated Detergents Sulfur Dioxide, Dry or Wet Sulfur Trioxide/Arr Sulfuric Acid O-30% Sulfuric Acid 3040% Sulfuric Acid 50-70% Sulfurous Acid Superphosphoric
(76% PaOs)

R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R NR NR R NR NR NR R

NR NR NR R R NR R NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R R NR NR R. NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R

R 120” R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R 120” 100’ R
140”

CHEMICAL Ttn Plating
(16% 7% 9% 2% Stannous Fluoroborate Tin Fluorobonc Ac!d Bow Acrd)

NR

NR

R

R

Toluene Toluene Sulfonic Acid Oils: Transformer

NR NR

NR NR

NR R

NR R

(Mneral 011 Types Chloro-Phenyl Types)

N: R NR NR NR R R NR R

N; NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R NR

N: R NR NR R R R R R R R NR

NE R NR NR

Trichlor Acetic Acid Trichlorethylene Trichlorophenol Tricresyl Trisodium Turpentine Urea Vegetable Vinegar Vinvl Acetate Water Deronized Demineralized Distilled Fresh Salt Sea White Liquor (Pulp Mill) Xylene Zinc Chlorate Zinc Nitrate Zrnc Plating Solution. (9%21ncCyamde
4% Sodwn Cyantde 9% Sodtum Hydrowde)

Phosphate Sulfonate Phosphate

100”
R R 100”
140

Tridecylbenzene

011s

R R NR

R R NR

R R R R R R R NR R R

R R R R R R NR NR R R

R R R R R R R NR R R

R R R R R R R NR R R

Acid

NR

NR

R

120”

Tall Oil Tannic Acid Tartaric Acrd Thronyl Chloride

Zrnc Platrng Solution: R R R NR NR NR R NR R R R NR 120” R NR
(49% Zvnc Fluoroborate 5% Ammontum Chlonde 6% Ammonium Fluoroborate)

R

NR

R

R

Zinc Sulfate

R

R

R

R

52

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.15:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED

POLYBUTYLENE

TEREPHTHALATE-CELANESE

PLASTICS

A series of thermoplastic polyesters, polvbutylene terephthalate, was developed by Celanese and introduced under the trademark CELANEX. CELANEX@ resins are highly crystalline, and exhibit a unique combination of properties including high strength, rigidity and toughness, low creep even at elevated temperatures, minimal moisture absorption and exceptional dimensional stability, resistance to the effects of a wide range of chemicals, oils, greases and solvents, excellent electrical properties and outstanding processing characteristics. Chemical Resistance of CELANEX
‘Yo Change Time Temp. Tensile % Change % Change (Days) “F Strength Weight Diameter* 73 73 73 180 180 73 73 73 180 73 73 73 73 73 73 180 180 73 73 73 180 180 73 73 73 73 73 73 100 :: 73 73 73’ 73 73 73 73 180 :; 73 120 73 73 73 120 73 73 73 180 180 73 73 73 :il 73 180 180 -40 -Z -15 -20 -27 -32 -35 -8 -7 -8 -36 -39 I; -10 -4 1; -14 -17 -13 -58 -73.5 -92 -99 -47 -72 -84 -96 1; -4 -4 -12 -20 -24 -68 -7 -10 -8 -25 -65 -2 -4 -4 -5 -3 -5 -3 -6 1; -4 -7 -8 0 -5 -55 -77 -41 -4 -4 +0.6 +03 +09 +2.1 -4 2 +oe +0.5 +03 -1.9 +03 +0.2 +0.4 -0 1 +o 1 +02 -06 -24 +02 +0.2 +0.2 +0.2 +02 +0.4 +o.o +o 1 -0.3 +03 +0.3 +03 0.0 +07 +0.3 +0.3 +0.4 +03 +0.3 +0.2 +11 +0.7 +0.5 +0.4 +08 +5.9 +4.4 +1.0 +2.0 +2.4 +3.6 +3.4 +0.4 +4.2 +4.3 +0.4 +0.5 +0.2 +0.1 +05 +06 +0.3 0.0 +06 +0.3 +01 +0.6 +o.,i +0.7 0.0 +0.2 +0.1 +02 +0.2 +0.1 +01 0.0 -10 +0.2 -0.1 +o 1 +0.1 +o 1 0.0 +o 1 +o.r +o 1 +o 1 +0.1 +0.1 +0.2 +02 +0.1 +0.1 +0.1 +02 +0.1 +0.2 +0.2 +0.1 +0.1 +02 +0.9 +0.5 +0.2 +02 +0.6 +0.7 +0.1 +0.1 +0.1 +0.8 +0.8 +0.1 +0.1 +0.1 +oo 0.0 00 +o 1 +02

Glass-Reinforced Resins
x Change Time Temp. Tensile % Change % Change “F Strength Weight Diameter’ (Days) 90 73 0 +o 1 00 180 73 +o 1 00 360 73 +o 1 +0.1 90 180 360 90 180 360 24 90 180 360 60 180 180 51 360 180 360 135 240 180 360 30 48 180 360 30 48 180 360 60 100 180 360 60 100 180 360 60 240 18G 360 180 360 180 360 180 360 180 360 180 360 180 360 180 360 73 73 73 73 73 73 180 73 73 73 180 180 73 73 73 73 140 140 73 73 200 200 73 73 200 200 73 73 200 200 73 73 200 200 73 73 180 180 73 -17.3 73 73 73 :; 73 73 :z 73 73 73 73 -6 -: -3 -3 -3 -50 -3 -6 -5 -30 -32 -2 -1 -3 -1.6 -2.2 -74 -164 1; -31 -51 +1 -1 -43 -60 -3 -3 -43 -61 -6 -4 -34 -64 0 -1 -2 -55 -05 Cl -167 -5 -24 1: 1; 1; -3 -23 -4 -24 +0.3 +03 +0.5 +0.3 +0.4 +03 +2.4 +0.2 +0.3 +04 +65 +67 -0 1 +0.1 -0.1 +0.2 +0.2 +1.4 +19 +o 1 +03 +04 00 +20 -22 +o 1 +02 +0.2 +01 +o 1 +03 0.0 +03 +05 -0 1 00 z r +03 +03 +1.3 z +o 1 +o 1 +o 1 +o 1 +o 1 co 1 +0.4 +0.1 +0.3 +o 1 +0.6 +06 :: 00 0.0 +o 1 +03 +03 +o 1 + 1 00 + 1 00 + 1 co3 + 4 +01 +o 1 00 -0 1 +02 +01 -0 1 -0 1 00 +o 1 +0.1 co 1 +0.1 +0.1 00 00 +0.1 +0.1 +o 1 +0.1 +o 1 +0.2 0,

Material

Material Carbon Telrachlorlde

InorganIc Chemicals 10% Ammomum 90 Hydroxide 180 360 9 24 1% Sodium Hydroxide 90 180 360 24 90 180 360

Dlefhyl Ether

50% Ethylene GlycollWater 95% Ethanol/Water

10% Sodtum Chloride

10% Hydrochloric 90 Acid 180 360 24 64 3% Sulfunc Acid 90 180 360 24 64 90 180 360 90 180 360 60 90 180 360 90 180 360 90 180 360 :z 90 180 360 2:: Acetone 90 180 360 2:: Toluene 90 180 360 60 240 90 180 3M) 90 180 360

Perchloroethylene

Freon 113 Gasoline (Amoco. Unleaded) Aulomatlc Transmlsslon Flwd. (Type 6) Delco 222 Brake Fluid

40% Suifunc Acid Water (Tap)

Buffer, pHl0

Motor 011 (10-20-40)

Buffer, pH 4

Organic Chemicals 5% Acetlc Actd

Lubncatcng Grease

Hydraukc FluId (Skydrol 500s)

Benzene

Turbine Lubncattng Oil (Texaco Sate 15) Houron - Cosmo Lubnc 2425 1% Soap Solwon

,

Presoak Sol. (AxIon) Calgon Water Softener Sol. Bufler. pH7 Calgomte Dishwasher Sol. Laundry Detergent
l

BTX

.

Heptane

.

l/B” x 2” diameter discs.

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

53

TABLE

1.16:

FIBERGLASS

REINFORCED

POLYESTER

PANELS-RESOLITE

RESOLITE tions. The application.

CR panels are fiberglass-reinforced, polyester resin used in RESOLITE

polyester CR panels

sheets in flat and various corrugated and ribbed configurawas developed to withstand chemical abuse in heavy-duty

Acids
AC&C 5 o-75 o-50 50-75 100 S S S
:

S S S
T

Arrenoter

Aqua Reglo Benzene S”llonlc Benzolc Bone Butyric Chloroocetlcs. Mono. di ond +r,

5 5 5 S S

T T S : S

Chromic

Hydrobromac Hydrochlorx Hydrocyonlc Hypochlorous Hydrofluow Loctlc MOlelC N,trnc*

OklC
OXOllC

Nl,,O”S

Perchlorlc Phorphotuc steonc S”lf”,l<
TOrtON

IO”“IC

o-100 o-50 50 100 o-30 30.50 oil 011 o-30 o-25 O-50 oil 011 011 o-10 O-20 011 011 0 35 35-60 over 60 O-10 oil 011 ol! 011 011 0-80 over 80. 011 011

S 5 S S : 5 : S S S S S z S 5 5 T S S S S : S T S S

T U S T 5 S S 5 T S S S S T s s S T T S 5 5 T : S T S S

Bicorbonoter B,tluorvder B,rulfoter B,rulf,tes Borotes Bromldel Corbonotes Chlorates Chlorlder Chromate! D8chromotei Fluorlder Hydrorulf,des lodfder Ntt,oter Perchlototer Perrvlfoter Phosphates Phorphfter SillColel Slhco-fluor,der wtoter Sulflder Sulf,ter

011 OII 011 011 011 011 011 011 011 all oli 011 011 011 011 011 011 011 011 011 011 OII all oil all

s

S S S : S S S 5 : S S S 5 S S S S T S

z

S

S : T T ; S S S : S 5 T S

z

S S S

:

S S

Amll?o”l”m Hydroxide. Borlum Hydrwde Coiclum Hydronde POtorrl”m Hydronde Sodium Hydrcwde

l

10 o-30 10 o-50 O-50 O-10 o-50

S S 5 5 S S 5

S T T T T S T

Mlscelioneous
COlCl”lV Hypochlonte* Chlorine Water Chlorine Dmxlde Hydrogen Peroxade Sodturn Hypothl?r,te’ Underaround Wafer-D,rtilled M,ne Wo1err Se0 Water Coohng Tower Water Metal Plotmg Sol”t~oni P,cklmg Sol”tlonr Metal Plotlng Solutlonr Phorphow Oxychlonde Phosphorur Trichlcrgde Plrkling Solvt,ons Strlpplng SOl”tlO”r Petroleum Ether Moune Atmosphere Hum,d,ty, 100% Chlonter Cyclohexone Coprylic Acid Polrmtic Ethyl Acetate Cool Dust. moist lodrne Vopar Nut 0~1s Olw? Ollr Weed Killers, organic Fung,c,dei organic Insect,c,del, orgon,c Anthrocene 011 Sulfur, wenoble DDT
l

20 SAT 011 3 011 15

S S 5 S 5 S S S S 5

S S S 5 T T S S S S S S S T T T T

Solvents
Acerone

and Orgomcs
100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 37 100 100 100 100 100 100 n rn v,v 100 100 011 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 S S S : S S S S S 5 S S S S S S S S S S T S z : S S S 5 S T S S T T S T S T T T S S 5 S S S T S : T : T S T : S T T

-

(acid) (ocvd) (olkollnei 011 011 (olkollne)

S S S S S S

Wet

Gases

and Fumes
S S S 5

Alcohols (all] Benzene Benzoldehyde Benzoyl Chlor,de Carbon Tetrochlorlde Chlorobenzerer Chloroform l Ethers Acetone, Ethylene Chlonde Formaldehyde Gorol,ne Glyc&

: S S S S : S

: _ _ : : T S

“ep,one
Herone Kerosene Methyl Ethyl Ketone Naphtha Nophtholene Phenol l Perchlorethylene Tvchlorethylene Thnonyl Chloride StyretIe Sulfuryl Chlonde Toluene Xylene OllS Ethylened,chlot,de Ethylocetote

Carbon Dioxide Carbon Monor,de Chlonne Ammomo Bromine Flwwne Hydrogen Hydrogen Chlonde Hydrogen Fluoride* Hydrogen Bromde Hydrogen Sulfide Owdamg Gores Redvcmg Gores SteOlIl Sulfur D,ox,de Svlfut T&oxide Chlorine Dioxide Svlfur

z
S S S

S T T

LEGEND S = Sof,sloctory w,th expected long and econom,c 1116 T = Tests suggested. Under some conditions materials moy not be sultoble. U: Unrotirfoctory for continuous service.

TABLE

1.17:

FLUOROPOLYMER-ALLIED

ENGINEERED

PLASTICS

2

HALAR ECTFE is a melt processable fluoropolymer from Allied Corporation. It possesses a unique combination of properties as a result of its chemical structure-a 1: 1 alternating copolymer of ethylene and chlorotrifluoroethylene. HALAR fluoropolymer offers excellent chemical resistance, good electrical properties, broad use temperature range-from cryogenic to 34O”F, and meets the requirements of the UL-94 V-O vertical flame test in thicknesses as low as 7 mils. It is a tough material with excellent impact strength over its broad use temperature range. HALAR ECTFE also maintains useful properties on exposure to cobalt 60 radiation at dosages of 200 megarads. It is one of the best fluoropolymers for abrasion resistance. HALAR fluoropolymer is a thermoplastic which can be processed by virtually any technique applicable with polyethylene. It can be extruded, injection molded, blow molded, rotomolded, and applied by ordinary fluidized bed or electrostatic coating techniques. It is available in a range of viscosity grades for extrusion and molding applications. HALAR ECTFE powders are available in three different particle sizes optimized for specific coating processes.
HXARB ECTFE R - Recommended NR - Not Reco,'m,ended -- _ NO Avalla~la Data Chen;cal Ammonium Carbonate Armnonium Chloride Ammonium Dichromate Ammonium Fluoride, 10% Ammonium Fluoride, 25% Ammonium Hydroxide Ammonium Metaphosphate ArmnoniumNitrate Ammonium Persulphate Ammonium Phosphate Anlmonlum Sulfate Ammonium Sulfide Pmyl Acetate Amy1 Chloride Aniline Anthraquinone Anthraqulnone Sulfonic Acid Antimony Trichloride Aqua Regia Arsenic Acid Barium Barium Barium Barium Barium
Barium

s 7 g 5’ ’ $ v)’ 5
$ q h. fi x $

CHEMICAL RESiSTANCE Temperature 15O'F 250'f --R R R R R -_ R R R R __ R R R R R R R _R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R --__ NR -_ __ _-_R R R R NR R -R R R R R R -R R R R R __ R R R __ R R

Chemical Acetic Acid, 10% Acetic Acid, 20% Acetic Acid, 50% Acetic Acid, 80% Acetic Acid, Glacial ~ Acetic Anhydride Acetone Acetyl Chloride Acetylene Acetyl Nitrile Acrylonltrile Adipic 105 Acid Alcohol, Amy1 Alcohol, Benzyl Alcohol, Butyl, Primary Alcohol, Butyl, secondary Alcohol, Diacetone Alcohol, Ethyl Alcohol, Hexyl Alcohol, Isopropyl Alcohol, Methyl Alcohol, Propyl Ally1 Chloride Alum Alum, Ammonium Alum, Chrome Alum, Potassium Aluminum Chloride Aluminum Fluoride Alurcu~um Hydroxide Aluminum Nitrate Aluminum Oxychloride Aluminum Sulfate Ammonia, Gas Ammonia, Aqua, 10% AmmonilnnAcetate Ammonium Bifluoside Ammonium Bisulfide

73OF R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

3OO'F

73°F --R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
R

Temperature 150°F 250°F
R R _R

XF
R R -_

__ ___ -_ -__
NR ___ _-_R R R R NR R _R R R R R R -R R R R R __ R R -__ R R

R __

c
*

R R R R R R R R R
R

8

R NR R R __ R R R R R -R

R R R R R __ R R R NR R NR _--R R R R R -_ R R _-NR NR NR NR R __ R R R

R R R R R -R R R NR R NR ___ -_ -_ R R R R R R ___ NR NR NR NR --_ R R R

Carbcnate Chloride Hydroxide Nitrate Sulfate Sulfide

Bt?WZ Beet Sugar Liquors Benzaldehyde, 10% Benzaldehyde, Above 10% Benzene, Benz01 Benzene Sulfonic Acid, 10% Benzoic Acid Bismuth Carbonate Black Liquor Bleach, 12.5% Active Cl2 Bleach, 5.5% Active Cl2

R R

R R R R NR R R R -R R R

(continued)

TABLE 1.17:
Chemical

FLUOROPOLYMER-ALLIED
73OF __--R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

ENGINEERED
Temperature 150°F 250'F R R R R R R R NR R R R R R -_ R R __ R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R -R R R R R R -R R -_ R R R R R R R R R R _NR R NR NR R R' NR R _R R _R -_ R R R R R R R R R R -_R R -__ R R R R R -R __ -_ NR R R R R NR

PLASTICS
300°F
R

(continued)
Chemical Chlorobenzyl Chloride Chloroform Chlorosulfonic Acid Chromic Acid, 10% Chromic Acid, 30% Chromic Acid, 40% Chromic Acid, 50% Citric Acid coconut 011 Coke Cven Gas Copper Carbonate Copper Chloride Copper Cyanide Copper Fluoride Copper Nitrate Copper Sulfate Corn syrup Cottonseed Oil creso1 Cresylic Acid, 50% Croton Aldehyde Crude Oil Cupric Fluoride Cupric sulfate Cuprous Chloride Cyclohexane Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone Detergents Detergent Solution (Heavy Duty) Dextrln Dextrose Dichlorobenzene Dlchoroethylene Diesel Fuels Diethylamine Diethyl Cellosolve Diethyl Ether Diglycolic Acid Dimethylamine Dimethyl Hydrazine Dioctyl Phthalate Dioxane Dioxane,1.4 Disodium Phosphate Divinylbenzene Epsom Salt Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Acetoacetate Temperature 150°F 25O'F -NR R _R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R NR R R R R NR NR R NR R --NR NR NR R R R NR R R _NR R _R R R R R R R _R R R R R R R NR NR NR R R R R R NR NR R R R R NR NR R NR R --NR NR
NR NR NR R -R --_

73'F R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

XF NR _-_____ R R __ _R R R R R R R NR NR NR R R R R NR NR R R

BOrZlX Boric Acid Brine, Acid Bromic Acid Bromine, Liqud Bromine, Vapor 25% Bromine, Water Bromobenzene Bromotoluene Butadiene BUtme Butyl Acetate Butyl Alcohol Butyl Cellosolve Butylene Butyl Phenol Butyl Stearate Butyrx Acid Cadmium Cyanide Calcium Bisulfide Calcium BisulfitC Calcium Carbonate Calcium Chlorate Calcium Chloride Calcium Hydroxide Calcium Hypochlorite Calcium NItrate Calcium Oxide ca1c1um Sulfate cane Sugar Liquors Caprylic Acid Carbon Dioxide, Wet Carbon Dioxide, Dry Carbon Disulfide Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachloride Carbonic Acid Castor Oil Caustic Potash Cellosolve Cellosolve Acetate Chloracetic Acid Chloral Hydrate Chloramine Chlorine Gas, Dry Chlorne Gas, Wet Chlorine, Liquid Chlorine Water, Saturated Chloracetic Acid Chlorobenzene

R R

NR

NR NR

NR
R

R

__
R R

R R R R R R R R

R R

NR

-NR

NR R NR R -_NR NR NR NR NR R -R _-_

3 "s 9 w. 4 2 5 D "s Q ? 3

NR

(continued)

3

TABLE 1.17:

FLUOROPOLYMER-ALLIED

ENGINEERED lkmperarure

PLASTICS

(continued)
TWperatUIe

Chemical Ethyl Acrylate Ethyl Chloride Ethyl Chloroacetate Ethyl Ether Ethylene Bromide Ethylene Chloride Ethylene Chlorohydrin Ethylene Diamine Ethylene Dichloride Ethylene Glycol Ethylene Oxide Fatty Acids Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferric Sulfate Ferrous Chloride Ferrous Nitrate Ferrous Sulfate Fluorine Gas, Wet Fluoboric Acid Fluoslliclc And Formaldehyde, 35% Formaldehyde, 37% Formaldehyde, 50% Formic Acid Fornnc Acid (Anhydrous) Freon F-11 Freon F-12 Freon F-21 Freon F-22 Freon F-113 Freon F-114 Fruit Juices, Pulp Gallic Acid Gas, Natural Gasoline, Leaded Gasoline, Unleaded Gasoline, Sour Gelatin Gin GlUCOSZ Glycerine, Glycerol Glycolic Acid

73'F -R
R R

150°F R R __ R R R NR NR NR R R R R R R R R R __ -R R R -R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

250°F NR R __ __ R R NR
NR

3OO’F

Chenlcal Glycols Fkptane Hexale Hydrobromic Acid, 20% Hydrobromlc Acid, 50% Hydrochloric Acid, Cone 37% Hydrocyanlc Acid Hydrocyanuz Acid, 10% Hydrofluoric Acid Dilute Hydrofluoric Acid, 30% Hydrofluoric Acid, 40% Hydrofluoric Acid, 50% Hydrofluosiliclc Acid Hydrogen Hydrogen Cyanide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide, 50% Hydrogen Peroxide, 90% Hydrogen Phosphlde Hydrogen Sulfide, Dry Hydrogen Sulfide, Aqueous Sol. Hydroquinone Hypochlorous Acid Iodine Iodine Solution, 10% Isopropyl Ether 1sooctane Jet Fuel, Jl'-4 Jet Fuel, JP-5

73'F R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

150°F -R

25OOF
R

3oo’F

R R R R R
R R R

NR R R R R R R R R R _-_ R ___R R __ -_ __ __ _--__ R R R R R R R R --

NR R __ __ R R NR NR NR R R R R R R R 11 R -_R -_ __ _-_ --_--__ _-_ _R R R R -_ R R R --

R R R R R R R R R ---R R R ---_ -R -_ -_ R ---_ -R R R __ __ R -_ R R R R

R

R R R
R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R -_ R R R R R R R R R -_ __ R R R R __ R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R --_-R _R
R

R R ___ R R R --R R R R R R R

Lactic Acid, 25% Lactic Acid, 80% Lard Oil Laurie Acid Lauryl Chloride Lead Acetate Lead Chloride Lead Nitrate Lead Sulfate

R R R R R R R R R

(continued)

TABLE

1.17:

FLUOROPOLYMER-ALLIED

ENGINEERED

PLASTICS

!continued)
Ten-eratce

Chemical

73'F -R R R

15O'F
R R

2SOOF
R _-

_)‘L’“-*

Chemical Naphthalene Natural Gas Nickel Acetate Nickel Chloride Nickel Nztrate Nickel Sulfate Nicotine Nlcotinic Acid Nitric Aad, 10% Nitric Acid, 30% Nitrx And, 40% Nitric Acid, 50% Nitric Acid, 70% Nltrlc Acid, 100% Nitrobenzene Nitrous Aad, 10% Nitrous Oxide Oils, Vegetable Oleic Acid 0lelL-J Oxalic Acid Oxalic Aad, 50% Oxygen, Gas OZOIUZ Palmit-c Acid Palmitlc Acid, 10% Parhfflrl Perchlorlc Acid, 10% Perchlorlc Acid, 70% Pa-phosphate Petroleum Oils, Sour Petroleum 011s. Refined Phenol Phenyl hydrazine Phosphoric Acid, 10% Phosphoric Acid, 50% Phosphoric Acid, 85% Phosphorus Yellow Phosphorus Pentoxlde Phosphorus Trlchloride Photographic Solutions

73OF __--R
R

15O'F
R

25O'F

31)0OF

Lemon Oil Lime Sulfur Linoleic Acid Llnoleic Oil Linseed Oil Linseed Oil, Blue Lithium Bromide Lubrlcatinq 011, ASTM #1 Lutxicatinq 011, ASTM #2 Lubrlcatlnq 011, ASTM #3 Maqneslum Carbonate Maqneslun Chloride Maqneslum Hydroxide Magnesium Nitrate Maqneslum Sulfate Malelc Acid Mallc Acid Mercuric Chloride Mercuric Cyanide Mercuric Sulfate Mercurous Nitrate Mercury Methane Methoxyethyl Oleate Methylamine Methyl Bromide Methyl Cellosolve Methyl Chloride Methyl Chloroform Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl Isobutyl Ketone Methyl Methacrylate Methyl Sulfate Methyl Sulfuric Acid Methylene Bromide Methylene Chloride Methylene Iodine Milk Mineral Oil Molasses Motor Oil Naphtha

-___-__-

R
R

R

R R R R R R
R
R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R -NR R R R R R R _R R NR NR NR R R R R R

R R R R -_ R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R _NR R R R NR NR NR _R -NR NR NR R R __ R R

R R R R R R R R _--_ _--_ R __ -NR R R R NR NR NR -_ R _NR NR NR -R -_ R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
R

R __ R R R R R R R R R R R R R -R R NR R R R R R R R R R -R R R -R R R _R R R

__ -R R R -R R R R NR NR NR NR R -R R NR NR NR R R R R _-

__ __-_
R R R __R -_ -NR NR NR NR -_

R
R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R __ NR NR NR R R ___ _-

R
R R R

R
R

R R
R

_NR __ R R R _R R -_

-NR _R ---_ -_ -_ -_

R R R R R R R R R

(continued)

2

TABLE 1.17:
Chemical

FLUOROPOLYMER-ALLIED

ENGINEERED
72°F‘
I? R R II R

PLASTICS
330'F

(continued)
Chemical Silicone Oil Silver Cyanide Silver Nitrate Silver Sulfate
SOSPS

Temperature ,=,oc 250°F --

73°F R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

m

Plcric Acld Plating Solutions, Brass Plating Solutions, Cadmium Plating Solutions, ChrCJUE Plating Solutions, copper Plating Solutions, Gold Platrng Solutions, Lead Plating Solutions, Nickel Plating Solutions. Rhodium Plating Solutions, Silver Plating Solutions, Tin Plating Solutions, zulc Potash Potassium Alum Potassium Alur;inun Sulfate Potassium Bichromate Potassium Blsulfate Potassium Berate Potassium Bromide Potassium Carbonate Potassium Chlorate Aqueous Potassium Chloride Potassium Chromate Potassium Chlorate Potassium Cyanide Potassium Dichr9mate Potassium Ferricyanlde Potasslun Ferrocyanide Potassium Hydronde Potassium Iodide Potassium Nitrate Potassium Pa-chlorate Potassium Permanganate, 10% Potassium Pennanganate, 25% Potassium Persulfate Potassium Sulfate Propane Propylene Oxide Pyrldine Pyrogallic. Acld Salicylic Acid Salicylaldehyde Silxlc Acid

__
R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R -R R R R R NR NR R R NR --

__ -___ ___ __ _--i_ -R R R R R -R R R R R R R R R R -R R _R R -_ R R NR NR -_NR -_

-_ --_

__
R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R __ R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

__
R R R _R R R R -R R R R R R R __ R R R R -R -R R R -R R R R R R R R R R R R -_R

-R R __ _R R R R _R R R R R R R -R R -_ -_ -R -R R R -_ R R R R R R R R R R R R _-_ R

-_
R R R -_

__
R R R R

R R R R R R __ -_ R -_ R R -R R
NR NR

NR

Sodian Acetate Sodium Alum Sodium Benzoate Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Bichromate Sodium Bisulfate Sodium Sisulfite Sodium Bromide Sodium Carbonate Sodium Chlorate Sodium Chloride Sodium Cyanide Sodium Dichromatc Sodlun Fluoride Sodiu Hydrande, 15% Sodium Hydroxide, 30% Sodium Hydroxide, 50% Sodium Hydroxide, 70% Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Iodide Sodium Metaphosphate Sodium Nitrate Sodium Nitrite Sodium Perchlorate Sodium Peroxide Sodium Phosphate, Alkaline Sodium Phosphate, Acid Sodium Phosphate, Neutral Sodium Silicate Sodium Sulfate Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfite Sodium Thiosulfate Sour Crude 011 Stannlc Chloride Stanncus Chloride Starch Stearic Acid Stoddard's Solvent

(continued)

TABLE 1.17:

FLUOROPOLYMER-ALLIED

ENGINEERED
Tern eratme

PLASTICS

(continued)
Temperature 250°F 150°F R R NR R R NR R R R R R R R R R
R

Chemical Succinic Acid sulfate Liquors Sulfite Liquor Sulfur Sulfur Chloride Sulfur Dioxide, Dry Sulfur Dioxide, Wet Sulfuric Acid, 10% Sulfuric Acld, 30% Sulfuric Acid, 50% Sulfuric Acid, 60% Sulfuric Acid, 70% Sulfuric Acid, 80% Sulfuric Aad, 90% Sulfuric Acid, 93% Sulfuric Acid, 94% Sulfuric Acid, 95% Sulfuric Acid, 96% Sulfuric Acid, 98% Sulfuric Acld, 100% Sulfurous Acid Tall Oil Tannic Acid Tanning LiqUOrS TX Tartaric Acid Tetraethyl Lead Tetrahydrodurane Tetrahydrofuran Thlonyl Chloride Thread Cutting Oils Toluene, Toluol Tomato Juice

73'F ---R R

15O'F R ___ R -_ R R R R R R R R R R R R R R -_ R R R R R R R NR NR R R R R

250'F R __ _R __ R -R R R' R R R --_ __ -_ -_ -__ R R R R R R R NR NR -R NR R

303'F

Chemical Transformer 011 Transformer Oil DTE/30 Tributyl Phosphate Trlchloroacetic Acid Trichloroethylene Triethanolamlne Trlethylamine Triosodlum Phosphate Turpentine
“X-E!.3

73°F _~____

300°F

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR KR R R R R

__ -_ ___ --_-_ ___ __ __ -_ __-__ --_ -_ __
R -_ -R __ R NR NR _R NR __

R _NR NR R NR NR R R R --_ R R R R R R R R R R R R R -R R R

--NR NR R
NR

NR R R __ __ -__ _--

Urine vase11ne VUlegar Vinegar, White Vinyl Acetate water water, Acid Mine water, Demineralized water, Distilled or Fresh water, Salt water, sea water, sewage Whiskey White Liquor WlilES xy1ene (xylol~ Zinc Chloride Zinc Nitrate Zinc Sulfate

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R

-R R R

60

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.18:

FURAN

RESIN-KOCH

ENGINEERING,

MAURICE

A. KNIGHT

DIVISION

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE
Meaning

OF PERMANITE

of Symbols

E-Excellent

all concentrations

r&stance;

uitable for general an d temperatures.

service most

Ga

resistance; suitable for most servicesconcentrations and temperatures to 2 12 “F.

F-Fair resistance; suitable for some services-dilute concentrations and temperatures to 90°F. NR-Not recommended for this service under most conditions.

Resistance Chemicd Resistance Chemical Chemical Rerirtrnce ...... E Coconut Oil Acetic Acid (to 85%) ....... ... E Nitric Acid ,.. ,,.... NR G Copper Cyanide Acetic Acid, Glacial ............... ........ E Oleic Acid E .......... G Copper Sulfate .............. Acetic Anhydride E Oxalic Acid ‘. ...E I..... . Acetaldehyde ................. ................................ Corn Oil ...... E Paraffin .._ ..,. ,. E E Cottonseed Oil Acetone ............................................................... ................ E Petroleum Erher .,.,,....... E .E Aluminum Chloride ...................................... Cresylic Acid ........... ...... .... NR Phenol ,.,.,........... E E Cupric Chloride Aluminum Sulfate ... ...... ....... E Phosphoric Acid (to 7% cone.) E ........ E Dibutyl Phthalate Ammonium Bromide ........ .._......_ .. .: .... ...... ........ Phosphoric Acid (70 to E E Ethyl Acetate .............. ................. E 85% cont.) _ G Ammonium Carbonate ........ Bisulfate E ................. E Ethyl Alcohol .I.. ....... Ammonium Chloride E ............ ...................... Potassium E E Eth;l Ether Amnionium Fluoride ................... E Potassium Carbonate ______...._._____~ E Potassium Chloride ._......... E .................... E Ethylene Dichl&i& Ammonium Hydroxide ...................... E Ferric Acid Salts (to 45% cont. ) Ammonium Nitrate .... .._ E Potassium Hydroxide EE ................... ... E Ferric Salts ....... ................................. Potassium Iodide Ammonium Phosphate E E Ammonium Sulfate ........................ E Ferrous Salts .................... .E Potassium .Sulfate . ...._________...__._........................ F Pyridine E Formaldehyde Amy1 Acetate ........................................................ ................. ... ..... ..... E Pyridine Sulfate __._.._._____.._.___........... G ................................ F Formic Acid .......... Aniline ___......_....._..._ E Sodium Bicarbonate E E Sodium Bisulfate ......................... G Fuel Oil ................. Aniline Hydrochloride E _ .....___________ ._..._ ::....‘:I................... . Sodium Carbonate NR Aqua Regia ....................................................... Furfural .E E Barium Chloride .............................................. Furfuryl Alcohol .................................... E Sodium Chloride E .......................................... Gasoline ................... .E Barium Hydroxide ...........E Sodium Chlorite, Acid Soln. I _...E Glycerine Beer .......................................................................... E ................. Sodium Hydroxide .......... E Hydrobromic Benzene ........................................................................ Acid .................................Sodium Hypochlorite E E E Benzene, Monochlor ...................................... Hydrochloric .E Sodium Iodide Acid ................................. Sodium Sulfate E ...................................... .E Hydrofluoric Ben-e, o-Dichlor Acid (to 50% cont.) E Sodium Sulfide ,...,.. E .................... Hydrofluoric Acid (50 to .E Benxene, 1, 2, &Trichlor Sodium Sulfite ,. E G E Benxoyl Chloride .................. ................... 70% cont.) ....................................................Sodium Thiosulfate E E Acid .................................... Stearic Acid G Hydrofluosilicic Benzyl Alcohol ................................................... E E Hydrogen Peroxide (to 3% cont.) ... F Sulfur Monochloride E Borax ............................................................................ Sulfuric Acid (to 5096 cont.) E . Boric Acid ........ Hydrogen (over ....................................................... Peroxide G ....................................... NR Sulfuric Acid ( 50 to 60% cont.) .NR Bromine ............................................................... 3% cont.) F E Sulfide .......................................... Sulfuric Acid (over 60% cont.) G Bromine Water ................................................. Hydrogen ,, E NR Sulfurous Acid ... Butyl Alcohol ................................... E Iodine ... .................................................................. .,,.... E E . Calcium Bisulfite ...............................................Isoamyl Alcohol ..............................................Tannic Acid E E Tartaric Acid Alcohol .......................................... .......... Calcium Chloride .................................. E Isopropyl Tin Chloride ..,................ E E Trichlorethylene .................................................................. _. ............................ Kerosene E Calcium Hydroxide .............. __........_..._.._.................E E ..................................... ................. Trisodium Phosphate .....................................lactic Acid ........ P Calcium Hypochlorite E E Toluene E Lead Acetate ........................................................ Carbon Bisulfide ................................................. .,, E E Magnesium Chloride ........................._...... Turpentine E ....... ......... ............ E Carbon Tetrachloride E Vegetable Oils ..,.. ,._.... E .._.... ......................... E Magnesium Sulfate ...................................... Castor Oil .................................. E ., .E Vinegar ................................................. G Maleic Acid ............................................................ Chlorine (dry) E E Water. Distilled G Chlorine (wet) ................................................Manganese Sulfate ............................................. . .._............... E E Water, .............................................. Salt G Methyl Alcohol Chlorine Water ......................................... ,_......... . . E _ S ,Wine ......................................... Methyl Ethyl Ketone ..................................... E Chloroform ‘Whiskey ............. ...................... ...................... E E Xylene Mineral Oils ........................................................... ................................ P Chromic Acid (dilute) ...... ..... .......................... ... ...................... Nickel Chloride ...................................... E z.mc Chloride .............. ........ NR Chromic Acid (concentrated) ..” ................. .............................. E E ...... E Nickel Sulfate ................................................. 2’rnc Sulfate ............................................ E Citric Acid ..... .......................................................... _.

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

61

TABLE

1.19:

ISOPOLYESTER

RESINS-AMOCO

CHEMICALS

Corrosion resistant isopolyesters are characterized among resin suppliers and users by the molar ratio of the aromatic to the unsaturated acid and by the glycol used in synthesis. In this nomenclature, Amoco’s recommendation for a cost-effective resin with outstanding corrosion resistance to a broad range of liquids over a wide temperature range is a 1 : 1 propylene glycol isopolyester. That is, the resin is made with equal molar amounts of maleic anhydride and isophthalic acid and reacted with a sufficient excess of propylene glycol to ensure esterification to a high molecular weight. While the basic basic formulation three laboratory The resin stability. than the desirable corrosion suitable variations resistant resin offers the most versatile range of resistance properties, variations of the for specific applications are available from many resin suppliers. The second table shows of the recommended formulation.

with higher levels of maleic anhydride has greater crosslink density and thus offers very good temperature It should maintain mechanical properties up to 100°C. It also shows better resistance to aromatic solvents basic formulation, although its resistance to mineral acids is not quite as good. Its brittleness may be unin some applications. and neopentyl glycol improves caustic resistance, The gasoline resistance of these as that of the other formulations shown in the second table. Adipic acid generally

Adipic acid improves flexibility formulations is not as consistent lowers resistance properties.

Chemical
Medium Saturated

resistance Temperature,

of laboratory “C

synthesized Rating

resin* Applications Marine, bnne handling

Composite Acceptable Excellent Excellent Acceptable Excellent Acceptable Good Excellent Excellent Good Good Good Acceptable Acceptable Excellent Good Acceptable* Good’
l l

NaCl H,O

93 71 71 49 49 93 71 71 71 49 71 71

Distilled

Pipe, water

10% Na,CO, 25% H,SO,

Chemical Chemical Descaler Fertilrzer, Chemical Chemical

storage handling handltng food handling handlrng handling handling handling

5% HCI 15% HCI 15% H,PO, 85% H,PO, 5% HNO, 25% Acetic Acrd Acid) Vinegar (5% Acetic

71 71 38 38 38 23 23 49 Bleach 49 49 71 71 71 In Water lsooctane lsooctane 49 23 23 23 23

Food storage,

Food processing, Burial conditions Fertilizers Chemical Failure Fertrlizers

pH, Soil Slurry pHlo Soil Slurry 1N NH,OH 2% NaOH 5% NaOH 38% Urea 100% Household Saturated Alum 100% Corn Syrup 50% Citric Acid 50% EtOH 50% 34-5-5 Fertilizer Lead Free Regular 50% 75% Toluene/50% Toluenel25%

Complete Acceptable Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Good Acceptable Excellent Good Good Good

Food handling Food handling Food, beverage Fertilizer Gasoline Petroleum Chemical ASTM C581, one year rmmersron. (continued) storage storage

Gas

Benzene “1:l
l l

Propylene

glycol

rsopolyester

cooked

to less than 15 acid number

Blistering

was apparent.

62

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.19:

ISOPOLYESTER

RESINS-AMOCO

CHEMICALS

(continued) resistant 1 :2 performance 1 :l neopentyl 45 2.4 105 17.6 (121) 0.843 (5810) 50 from one year data excel lent excel lent good excel lent unacceptable excel lent excel lent unacceptable unacceptable unacceptable good unacceptable good unacceptable excellent unacceptable excellent unacceptable 0.7:1 0.3 neopentyl 45 2.7 103 18.6 (128) 0.795 (5480) 53

Resin formulations Isophthalic/Maleic Adipic Glycol % Styrene Clear Casting % Elongation Heat Distortion Laminate Flexural Flexural Barcol Properties Acid, Moles Ratio, Moles

for corrosion 1 :l propylene 45 1 .6

propylene 45 1 .3 132 14.8 0.887 (102) (6110) 53

Temp., IO’psi

“C ASTM C581 (MPa) (MPa)

116 19.5 (134) 1.074 (7400) 56

Properties, Strength, Modulus, Hardness

106psi

Corrosion Distilled Water at 71 “C

Resistance, excellent good excellent excellent complete excellent excellent excellent good

Composite

ratings

excellent good excellent failure acceptable complete failure excellent excellent excellent excellent

5% HNO,at

71 “C

5% HCI at 71 “C 25% H,SO, at 71 “C 5% NaOH at 71 “C #2 Fuel Oil at 23°C Ethyl Gasoline Unleaded Benzene at 23°C at 23°C Regular at 23°C

A partial Acetic Acidic Acrylic Alcohols Alum Ammonia Beer Brine Cheese Chlorine Chlorinated Coconut Cod-Liver Crude Distilled Ferric Oil H,O Chloride Oil Oil Dioxide Lye Acid Fumes Emulsions

list of materials

handled

and stored

in corrosion

resistant

isopolyesters Gasoline

Gasoline GI\,cols Grain Grapes HCI Solutions Hs (NH.) H NO, Hydrogen H, PO. Lye Manganese Meat Milk Monomeric Plasticizers Solution PO, Sulfide Chemicals

Premium Sa It Spray Seawater Sewage Soap Curd Soil

Salt Solution

Agricultural

Sour Crude Soybean Sulphur Vegetable Vinegar Vinyl Water Acetate Oil

Oil

H,SO, Solutions

Sugar Solution Dioxide Oils

Treatment Smelting

Chemicals

(NH.)z SO,
Solutions (NH,) Pasta Peanut Pickles Potable H,O NO, Oil

Wet Gases from Copper Whey Wine Zinc Chloride

Fatty Acids Fertilizers Fruit Juices Fuel Oil

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

63

TABLE 1.20:

NYLON

6/6 RESINS-CELANESE

PLASTICS

CELANESE
reduced stantially

1000 series nylons are of the 6/6 type polyamides. They are used in the replacement weight, corrosion resistance, self-extinguishing properties, self-lubricating qualities and lower cost. Chemical
CHEMICAL

of metals, colorability

offering at sub-

Resistance

Of Cklanese

Nylons

1000

& 1003

EFFECT

Acetaldehyde. Acetamrde. Acetrc acid, Acetone,
Alcohols, aliphatic.

A/B t
D A

Dimethyl formamide, Dioctyl phthalate. Droxane. [h;;o;ats and oils,

lOC% 960/,

; A A;B : A A:B A/B AIB A/B BBC ; A0

Alcohol, benzyl, Alcohol, phenyl ethyl,
Ally1 chlorrde. Alummum chloride, Aluminum sulfate,

Ammonia, Ammonra.

gaseous,

Ammonrum~carbonate. Ammonrum chloride, Amvl acetate.

10%
10%

Ether, ’ Ethyl acetate, Ethyl butyrate. Ethylene chlorhydrin, Ethylene chlorrde. Ethylene dramine. Ethylene dichloride. Ethylene glycol, Ferric chloride, Ferrous chloride, Ferrous sulfate, Fluorrne. Fluorosilrcic acid, ‘Fluothane’, Formaldehyde, Formic acrd. Fruit juices, Gasoline Gasolrne/Benzene Glycerine, E/;:;ol. Heptane, Hexane. Hydrobromic Hydrochloric Mixture

100%
100% 1OFh 100% 10% 10% 10% 10Yo 400/, 3% 10% 80:2Gj ;

Aniirne. Antrmony trichloride, Asprrin.

1009; 100% 10%

Barium chloride, Barium sulfide, Benzaldehyde. Benzene, Benzene sulfonic acid, Benzoic acid, Bdumen. Bleaching lye, Boric acid, Boron trifluoride. Bromine, Bromine water, Butanol. Butvl acetate. Butilene glycol.
Butyric acid, Calcium chloride, Calcium chloride in alcohol, Calcium hypochlorite. Camphor, Carbon disulfide, Carbon tetrachloride, Carbontc acid Chloracetic acid, Chloral hydrate, Chlorine, Chlorine water, Chlorobenzene, Chloroform, Chlorosulfonic acid, Chromic acid, Citric acid, Creosote, Cresols. Cresylic acids, Cupric chloride, Cupric sulfate, Cyclohexane, Cyclohexanol, Cyclohexanone. Decalin, Detergents, Dibutyl ohthalate. Drchlordrfluoromethane, Dresel 011. Drethylene glycol, Dimethvl carbinol.

10% 100% 100% Saturated

10%

: AD A A ; A/B

10% lo&&
30% 100% 100% 100% 20%

acid, acid,

10%
20%

Hydrofluoric acid, Hydrogen peroxide, Hydrogen sulftde, Hydroquinone, Iodine Iodine in alcohol,

10% 2% 10% 4% 0.5% 3% Saturated -

CD : Bl? A/B A

100%
100% 10% 10% 10% 1OFh 100% lo-100% 1% 10% 10%

in KI solution. Iso.octane,

GJ 10% 10% 10% 10% 8% 1osj 100% 100% 100% -

i! A BgC
; : : AC A/B : AC A ;

Lactic acid, Lead acetate. Lead stearate. Linseed oil,

::
B/C
D B/C A

Magnesium chloride, Magnesium hydroxide, Magnesrum sulfate, Manganese sulfate, Mercuric chloride, Mercury, Methanol, Methyl acetate, Methyl ethyl ketone, Methylene chloride, Mrlk, Mrneral oils. Naphthalene. Nickel sulfate, Nitrrc acid, Nitro-alcohols. Nitrobenzene. 011s of vegetables Olerc acid, and spices,

9Gh -

10% lo@) 100% : C A A

(continued)

64

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.20: NYLON 616 RESINS-CELANESE

PLASTICS

(continued)

CHEMICAL Oleum. Oxahc acid. Paraffin, Perchlorethylene. Perchloric acid. Petroleum ether, Phenol, Phosphoric acid, Phthahc acid. Potasswm bicarbonate. Potassium bromide. Potassium carbonate, Potassium chloride. Potassium dlchromate, Potassium ferrlcyanlde. Potassium ferrocyanlde. Potaswm hydroxide. Potassium Potassfum Potassium Potassium Pyrldlne. Resorcinol. Sallcyhc acid. SIllcone flulds, Sliver nttrate. Soap solution. Sodium acetate, Sodlum benzoate. Sodturn bicarbonate. Sodium blsulfate. Sodlum blsulflte. nltrate, permanganate. sulfate, sulftde.

EFFECT

CHEMICAL Sodbum perborate. Sodwm phosphate, Sodium skate. Sodturn sulfate, Sodium sulhde. Sodium thlosuifate. Stanmc chloride. Stannlc sulfate, Stearic acid, Styrene. Sulfur, Sulfur dioxide. Sulfuric acid. 5% Sulfurous acid. Tallow, Tar, Tartaric acid. Tetrachlorethylene, Tetrahydrofuran. Tetralm. Thlonyl chloride, Toluene. Transformer oil. Trlchlorethylene. Triethanolamine. Urea. VaselIne. Vegetable oils. Vinegar, Vinyl chloride. Water, cold, Water, hot, Wax. molten, White spirit. Wmes and splrlts, Xylene. Xylenol. Zinc chloride. Zmc oxide, Zinc sulfate, 90.10&+, 10.9oqo 2590% 10% 100% 2% and alb&e
0

EFFECT A/B ; 2 ; : A : C
ii

10% 100% 10% 10% Saturated 60% 10% 60% 90% 5% 30% 30% 10% 50% 10% 1% 100% 90% 100% 100% 6&$ 50% 10% 10% 10.50% 10.9oq/, 10% 50% 15% Cl 10.50%

: 10% 1oGj 1oG$o AB A 1 A A?* A A ;

B/C
A ; A A$ ; AC A

Sodium bromtde.
Sodium Sodbum Sodium Sodbum Sodturn Sodium Soolum carbonate. chlorate, chloride. cyanide. hydroxide. hypochlorite. nitrate.

4. No attack, little or no absorption, little or no effect on mechanical properties. 3. Liile or no attack, some absorption causing slight swelling and slight reduction in mechanical properties at 73°F (23°C) C. Some attack or considerable absorption at 73°F (23°C) material not suitable for contact unless limited product life is acceptable. D. Material decomposes at 73°F (23°C) in a short time.

TABLE 1.21:

NYLON

11 RESIN-RILSAN
RILSAN RATING NYLON 11 CHEMICAL RESISTANCE RATING BESN BLACK T 194pF 9O’C CHEMICAL Dwlhyl Ether CONCENTRATiON WF & A A A P”W A+ A X A+ A A X A X A A A A A A A A P”W A A A A A Peroxde Ac,d Ac,d 20% 2% A A B A B A A A A 50% A A A PlJre AI A A A A A A A A A B A A X A A E A X At A A X B X A A A A A+ A A A A A A A A B B X B lOJ’=F 20‘3 140~1 - (,O’i BESN BLACK T

CHFMICAL AWIafd&l”de Acettc Acid Acetoc Ac,d Acetoc Aud Ace,,c AnhydrIde ACetOW ACZ?t”le”e Aluminum AllllIW”l~ Amonwm Ammonium Ammo”,“m Hydrorade Nllrate Sulfate SuItate

CONCENTRATION

6aoF
20-c a

104OF 4o=c 6

14ooF 60°C x A B X

194OF 9O’C

5% 10% 50%

A A B El

A A

D,octylphosphate D,ocrylphd,alare Ethanol Ethyl AceWe Ethylene Chlorhydrtn Ethylene Ethylene Glycol Oxade Esrers

X At A A A A A A A

X B A AA A A B A

Pure

A A A A A A

Fatty Aad Fl”Orll-le

Formaldehyde Formic Actd Freon 12 Freon 22

sat. sol.

A A A

Amy1 Acetate Anethola Aniline Barun Beer Benzaldahyda BeWe”* Benzyl Alcohol Bromine B”lxx But”, Alcohol Calcwm Arsenate Calcium Chloride Ca,cum NIlrate
Concenlrated

Pure Chloride

B+ A A A A n X A At A A A A+ D X B

X A

X A

X A

Freon 502 Fru,t Jutices Furfuryl Alcohol

B A+ X X A B A A

X B X
X

Gas (Coal) Gasolme (High Octane) Glucore Glycerine

A X A A
A

Gl”COl Gr.?aSl?s Heplane Hydrogen Hydrogen

sat

sol.

Carbon D,rult,de Carbon Tetrachk,r,de Chlorane Chloroform Chromtc Actid Coder Citrtc Actd Copper Sulfate CWSOl Cyclohexane C”ClOhe~.3~Ol Cyclohexanone D D. T. Preparat~onr D,ammonum Phosphate 10%

a+ X X X X

X

Hydrochlortc Hydrochlor,c

x
X

X X X

Hydroxy

Oumolme

IY)cyanaleS Isopropyl Kerosene Alcohol

X A A A X A A A A A I3

B A X 0 X X

Lacttc Acid Lmseed Cake Magnesrum Chloride Mercury Methane Methanol Methyl-Cellosolve

a
A A

A X

B Methyl Mrthyl Acetate Bromtde

D,cnloroerhylene Dnrthanolammc 20%

A

A+

A+

B

(continued)

TABLE

1.21:

NYLON

11 RESIN-RILSAN

(continued)
RATING RATING BESN BLACK T CONCENTRATION WF 7G’C -A A 104OF 40°C B A
A Ai X A X A

CHEMlt34

CONCErJTCATlQW

WF - 20°C
A

lWF 4oc X a A A A X

14OOF GO’C

194OF 9O*C

14WF 6Ll”C B A A

Methyl Chloride Methyl Sullale Melhy tthvl Ketcne Krrone

A A A A B A A A
All Concenrration

x
X A X

A A

Methyl Isobutvl Milk

B
A

Monochiorobanlene Mustard Naphtha Ndphthalene Ntrrbc Ac\d Otis Crude 011‘ Refw2d Ole,c Actd Oxalx Oxygen Perchloroerhylrne Phenol Phosphoric Acid P,cr,c Ac,d PJ,ars,“m Potauwm Potai,um Potrwum Pa,arsi”m Propane Pydraui F9 Pyr,d,ne Soap Solution Sodum Sodum Sodurn Sodurn Carbonate Chlortde Hydroxide Hvpochlwtte Concenxaied Saturated SC% Concentrrred Dduw Commrrcnl Grade Pure Cdrbcnate Hydroxade N,rrats Parmmp~rl*lu S”ll~l.
b’l.

A A A X A A A A A X X B X A 6 Fit X A A A X A A A X X A X X X B X X X X X A+ A X At A A B B A B X X 6 X
A A

A 0
B A A A A A A

A7
X X A A

X A A A A A B X

A
A A A

A A n Ai 8 A A A A A

Acud

A A A
A

401

A t3 A

A A
A A A A

lro??

A At X A A A 0 A A A A B A

A
A

A A

A+ A

6 B

A A 0 X 5

B A X X X

X A X

Sodwm Hypochlorlte

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

67

TABLE

1.22:

NYLON

REINFORCED

VINYL

HOSE-SETHCO

DIVISION,

MET PRO CORP.

Sethco’s NRV (Nylon Reinforced Vinyl) grade hose may be used at working pressures ranging from 100 to 250 psi (depending upon size). Its flex life exceeds that of rubber and its characteristic inertness satisfies requirements for a wide range of industrial and laboratory applications. The reinforcing nylon mesh is encapsulated in the walls of the clear vinyl, providing a high strength, smooth surface hose. The imbedded mesh is never in contact with fluid or atmosphere. Working temperatures range from 20” to 175°F as discharge hose and 20” to 140°F as suction hose. The vinyl is fire resistant and self-extinguishing.

Sethco Nylon Reinforced Vinyl Hose Chemical Resistance Guide
Excellent Chemical Resistance for:
Essential Oils Ethgl Alcohol Ethyl Chloride Ethylene Glycol Fatty Acid Ferrtc Chloride Ferric Sulphate Fluoborlc Actd Flue SI~ICIC Acid Formic Actd Formaldehyde Freon Galhc Actd Gas (Natural) tS;sa;;;e (NonA:omattc) El;S;i?pendtng on type) Oxahc Acid Oxygen Palmmc Actd Picrtc Acid Phosphoric Acid Potassium Chloride Potassium Sulphate Propane Pyrethrum Sodium Btsulflte Sodturn Bicarbonate Sodturn Borate Sodium Carbonate Sodium Chloride Sodium Cyanide Sodwm Hydroxtde Sodium Hypochlorlte Sodium Nitrate Sodium Phosphate Sodtum Slltcate Sodium Sulohlde Sodhum Sulphate Sodturn Thlosuiphate Steanc Acid Stannous Chloride Sulphur Dtoxtde Sulphurlc Actd (DII Sulphurous Acid Tanmc Acid Tartartc Acid Tar 011 Turpentine Urea Uric Actd Vinegar Water Whiskey Wine WOOI 011 Zinc Chloride Zinc Hydrate Zinc Sulphate Acetic Acid Air Alcohols Aluminum Chloride Aluminum Sulfate Alums Ammonia Gas Ammontum Chloride Ammomum NItrate Amnlonlum Phosphate Ammomum Sulphate Amy1 Alcohol Animal 011s Ant:mony Salts Arsemc Salts Barium Salts Basic Copper Arsenate Beer Benzolc Acid Benzyl Alcohol Boric Acid Basic Copper Sulphate Bordeaux Mixture Butanol Butter Calcium Hydroxide Calcium Hvnochlorlte Calcium .&its Carbolic Acid Carbon Monoxtde Caster Oil Corn 011 Cottonseed 011 Caustic Potash (-20%) Caustic Soda (-20%) Chloroform Chromic Acid Chlortne IDrvt Chlortne (Water) Chromium Salts Copper Chloride Copper Sulphate Cltrlc Acid Cresvllc Actd Cupric Sulphate

Glycerine Hydrochloric Acid Hydrocyantc Acid Hydrofluonc Acid Hydraulic 011 Hydrogen Gas Hydrogen Peroxide (DII.) Hydrogen Sulphlde Lacttc Acid Lard Lead Arsenate Lead Sulphate Lime Linseed 011 Magnesium Chlonde Magnestum Hydroxide Magnesium Sulphate Malelc Acid Milk MIneral 011 Molasses Ntckel Chloride Ntcottne Nttnc Acid 20% Nitrogen Oxtde Nitrous Actd 011

)

Also

Recommended

for
Causttc Soda (+ 20%) Chlordane :t7zot e Gasoltne (AromatIc) Hvdroaen Peroxlde Icon.) K&o&e Mercunc Chloride Methyl Chlonde Olelc Actd Pentane Perchlortc .Actd Perchlorethylene Phw?olates Ph Jnols Stoddard Solvent Sulphurtc Acid (Cont.) Trtchlorethylene Trichloracetlc Acid

Aniltne Benzlne Benzol Borax Butane Bromine Calcium Btsulphlde Calctum Chlonde Carbon Tetrachlonde Caustic Potash (+ 20%)

Check with

manufacturer

or test in your plant
Chloracetlc Acid Cresols Cyclohexanone Ethyl Acetate Ethylene Dlchlorlde Fuel 011 (AromatIc Gas) 100 octane Fuel 011 Isopropyl Acetate Ketones Laquer Solvent Naphtha Nltrobenzene Paint Solvents Pyridlne Toluene Toluol xylol Xyiene

Acetlc Anhydrtde Acetone Acetyl Bromide Acetyl Chlortde Ammonium Hydroxtde Amy1 Acetate Aromabc Hydrocarbons Butyl Acetaie Carbon Bisulfide

68

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 1.23:

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS

INTERNATIONAL

KEY PROPERTIESOF PYROITE ll
1) Corrosron
chemrcals resistance to most solvents (See compatibMy chart.) resistance and toughness. 6) from -80°F to over 500°F. 7) strength and corrosive 5) Excellent bondrng characterrstrcs. Bonds to metals, glass. concrete, glass. plastics, etc. High resistance Non-galling to thermal cycling. fiber

2)
3) 4)

Erosion Stability

High dielectric

to temperatures

capability.

M ETALS
*
4

DATA INTERPRETATION
/
RESULT
A (4 05

DEPTH OF CORROSION PER SURFACE 002 In. per year mm. yr.) 020 In per year (4 050 In per year (4 5 mm. yr ) 1.27 mm. yr.) Not recommended

B C NR cl

4 )

050 In per year or exploswe

No data
To convert

Questronable rate to mrlllgrams per

decimeter

per year

(mdd)

mdd

= I”

yr

X

,695

X

specific

gravity

of metal

PLASTICS
SWELLING OR DIMENSIONAL CHANGE. (ANY DIRECTION.) WHICHEVER IS GREATER. 4 1000 4 1500 42000 ,2000 No data Ouestlonable Note When botllng IS tndlcated. boiling temperature varies with concentrahon of corrodent LOSS OF TENSILE STRENGTH 4 1500 430°0 45000 ,5000 No data Good Ltmlted DESCRIPTION CHEMICAL ATTACK LIttIe or none resistance resistance (Manor attack) (Moderate attack) RESULT A B C NR -

Attacked or dissolved wlthln minutes or years (Not recommended) No data

Q

-

EXAMPLES OF TYPICAL CALL-OUT METALS
w 1 I 4 * ) 002 002 002 010 050 050 I” I” yr yr I” any al 20°0 concentration concentratnn at 70°F between 20’0 and 50’. 0.20% from 70°F lo 212’F A to 20°0 A at 20°0 A to 212’F at 212°F a1 212°F an yr I” I” I” 050 yr yr yr in can saturated I” any

concentration at 70°F concentration

between 70°F

and

140°F

B 20.50°0 NR

70.140°F

saturated I” any yr

at 70°F Just a few degrees of temperature dtfterence (or percentage points of con.

NR any

concentration A NR

0 to w

saturated eftect

at 70 ‘F corrosion

CentratIon)

greatly

Comblnattons

marked

A NR are crltlcal

as to concentration

or temperature

PLASTICS
Llttle 200°F Ltttle 200 Good from to no chemical (temperature to no chemical ‘F (temperature resistance 70°F lo attack 4 lo00 swelling or 415O D loss of tensile strength at lOOn concentration at 70°F or A or 4 15’ o loss Swelltng ot tenslie strength from 0 to 20°0 concentration at 70°F or A to 20°0 4 15’0 or *30° o loss 01 tenstle strength lrom 20 at top of column) attack 4 10O0 swelling

at top of column) chemical attack)

(minor 140°F

to 50°0 concentration
B 20.50°e 70.140°F

Attacked

or dissolved

W20°0

swelling 1

01 b50°

I) loss

of tensle

strength

I” concentrated

at 70°F

or 200-F NR

~twnm=rati~re

at too 01 column

(continued)

‘ABLE

1.23:

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
200°F

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KVNAR 200°F STAINLESSSTEEL 316 70°F

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F EPOXV 70°F

(continued)
HASTELLOV 6 70°F THERMOSET 70°F

CHEMICAL Acetamide Acetate Solvents Crude

PYROITE II

VINVL ESTER

TEFLON PFA 200°F

PYtlgrE

1

Acetic Acid Vapors 100% (hot) Ace& Anhydride 100% (boilng) Acetic Acid Glacial 70°F Acetone 100% Acetonilrik

Akohol, Aminoethanol 2

(continued]

TABLE
CHEMICAL

1.23:

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
I

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KYNAR 200°F I I STAINLESSSTEEL 316 7O'F I

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 7O'F I EPOXY 70°F

(continued)
tlASTEl.LOY C 7O'F I I VINYL ESTER THERMOSET 70°F I TEFLON PFA ZOO'F I

PYIl#$E II

PYROITE I
70°F

Aluminum Sutphata 10% Aluminum Sutphata 410% Aluminum Sulphate ~10% hating boiling A 1 Ia 1 I. 201'F as
h "I B I h A* to50% I#200°F

Aluminum Chbrohydroxtde (wet) Amines

L I, 70°F

Lb 7D'F

AC Ia50% ,a210°F

A

Ammonium Chloride 10% Ammonium ChMde 410% baiting hoiting 1 I 1E fn11 6qIl?q w I

Ammonium Chhnide blO%

(continuec

(continued)

TABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL
Bromine Moist Gas

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
200°F

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KVNAR 200°F STAlNLESS STEEL 316 70°F
WI "Rh* wit"

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F
A ,a 200-F

(continued)
NASTELLOV 70°F
A A BR.im WIk

PYROITE II
A BI,llli(le WIIC 50% II 212-F

EPOXY 70°F
WA II VJ'F 0c Broannr water

C

VINVL ESTEA TNEAMOSET 70 “F
AC ID 100% to 80°F IdAliquid

TEFLON PFA 200°F
A A 25% 8w"m.e Wll" la 200°F

PYFly\TE 1 0
"R to 70°F Bc Bmnlm wt.3

1Bromine watt,
25% to 212°F A to 212'F

Butane

100%

Buttermilk

Butykne

I

Bulyl

Phthalate

I

A

I

A II 15'F

I

A,. 125'F

AC D WJ'F I I I

A I

A I

Cakium

Carbonate

Cakium

Chloride

(saturated)

Cakium

Chbride

(dilute)

I

Cakium

llypochbrile

100%

74 Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

v s
Y t Y
N N

I <

-0 a

I f < -

c

<

< <

Y ::
N

Y 0
N

D 0 ::

Y

I

-

I

Ye

a;
s
N f <

:a

P *
-0 <

-

Pr

E;

:r

a c

<

-

TABLE 1.23:

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS

INTERNATIONAL

(continued)

Copper Flumtdc Copper Nitrate (hot, concentrated) Copper Sulfate (hot, concentrated)
Coltonreed oil

(continued)

TABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
I

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KVNAR ZOO'F I I STAINLESSSTEEL 316 70°F I

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F I EPOXY 7O'F

(continued)
NASTELLOV C 70°F I I THERMOSET 70°F

PY?tI$E II

VINVL ESTER
I

TEFLON PFA 200°F I

PYROITE I
70°F

I

Oebqcnts(general)

I

D*IAybther
Olbobutybne
DinethylAnillee

AI * 70°F

BDlrz"F

7@"F Kd,L*'F
A.”

I

K

Ah300"F

Mmelbyl Fomumlde IAmelbyl Pbthalate Mnw?tbyl SuSexlk

(continued)

‘ABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL P-Dioxanc Dow Therm

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
200°F

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KYNAR

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F EPOXY 70°F

(continued)
HASTELLOY C 70°F VINYLESTER TNERWOSET 7O'F

PYROITE II
1

200°F

STAINLESSSTEEL 316 70°F

TEFLONFTA
200°F

PYll)bFTE I
1 ,a 70°F

WI II 151°F ws ls0l.r 1.1

Ch lZ2"F

o

Ill

WD’F

“(I

“R

I

Ethyl Benzene

Ethyl Ether

Ethyione Diamine

(continued)

TABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
PYIN$E

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
II
KVNAR 200°F STAINLESS STEEL 316 70°F

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F EPOXY 70 “F

(continued)
NASTELLOV 70°F C VINYL ESTER TNERMOSET 70 “F TEFLON PFA 200°F

PYI$ITE

I

Hexamine

Hydraulic

Fluid (Petroleum)

Hydraulic

Fluid (Synthetic)

Helium

Hydrochloric

Acid

l-20%

Hydrochloric

Acid

41%

Hydrochloric

Acid

1%

175 “F

Nydrochlodc

Acid

‘h-2%

175°F

Hydrochloric

Acid

,2%

175°F

(continued)

TABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
PYROITE
I 200°F

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
II
I KYNAR 200°F I STAINLESSSTEEL 316 70°F I

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F I EPOXY 70°F

(continued)
NASTELLOY C 70°F I VINYLESTER TNERMOSET 70°F TEFLON PFA 200°F

PYROITE I

70°F

I

I

I

(continued

TABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
I

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KVNAR 200°F I I STAINLESS STEEL 316 70°F I

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70 “F I EPOXY 70°F

(continued)
NASTELLOY 70aF I C I VINYL ESTER TNERMOSET 70 “F I TEFLON PFA 200 “F I

PYIl$-f$E II

PYROITE I
7O’F

Lime-Sulpher (Cakium Sullide) Linokk Acid Linseed Oil Lithium Chloride 30% al 200°F Lithium Hydroxide 10% al 200 “F I 1

‘ABLE 1.23:

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
STAINLESS STEEL 316 70°F

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F EPOXY 70°F

(continued)
HASTELLOV 70 “F C VINYL ESTEA TNERMOSET 70 “F TEFLON PFA 200°F

PYROITE I
70°F

Mineral Oil

Morpholhw

Nickel Chloride Nickel Nitrate

(continued)

TABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER PYllIfTE 0

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS II

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F

(continued)

I

1

KYNAA 200°F

I

STAINLESSSTEEL 316 70°F

1111U,.,I,‘F I

I

EPOXY 70°F

I

NASTELLOY C 70°F

VINYLESTER TNEAMOSET 70°F

TEFLON PFA 200°F

PYI$j~E

I

1

I

I

With Acid Fuming

(70% cont.)

I

C

*s*,t2~F CnM rh@nur 70°F

Ab125"F "(Id 212'F
A OS% B SO% “II me.

170% ,#L,)"F

"II

M k 70-F "II,! 212'F
I) 10% 20%

ml funllnp C/M SO'% IO'F a MD 50% a,l.l'F
Cnl” sx AC 2x “s-ox

A * 248'1 1.90% c 73'F

1

HiIrk ACM
Wobmuene

(Suflng)

soxm2~F

“II IS%

A 2540K Alw” CUT.

“0 SC 10 70°F

m

A 70%

WA

AsI0 212°F

A ,470-r sC w*-t,*'F A

A 100% ,040D"F

A,. 300°F

C,@ 122'F nn * Z,?OF

s 100% b 211°F

CnM I0100% Is100°F

A

M 10IO'F C 10122-F WR I,212'F A

-en

A

1 II600°F

A,# 300-F

A to600°F

Ail -3ZO'F II

A

Nitmmethanc

A I,1,2*F

I b 122'F

A s 1sX II212'F Is 10% ,I150°F AI 10.100x bIO"F s 100%

A,#IOO'F

A

A ID100°F

NAnus Acid

Ati Z,t"F

I I.212"F

A,# too-F

AC I#10% ID150°F

A

A ,a,OODF

Nllmus

Oxtdc

A
A

YII., 70-F
Al4 176°F

A ,,7DDF

s 100%

A

I

N-octane

Atl,ZS"F

A

A

4

MIS Animal

A

I IIO"Ftr M UlrPx A 7)'FU b,

A I.IO'F

L

1s* 140°F xs,# 100% ,a210°F ,ma*HUr) AB,a ,sOX 1sl,O"F

A

A

OilsCrude

A
A

Ah 28s'F
k,, Z75"F

)IhZDO"F

A

A

A

Mb

Mineral

A IO2ss"F

A

A

I

A

MkMve

A

A

A,4 7O'F

A

1

Ash ,OOK b 210°F

1

)1

OlisVegetable

A
A

A,,17I"F
AD 248°F Ah 12O'F CW 200°F UI ti211-F A 11FzlS'F

A 70170°F LB IO"F,#500°F 080% ti120°F s te4ox WR cute. IM ,040# * 212°F A W+s# 11100°F A

A,. 70°F

A

A A ,005 IO160-F B,OOW ,ss"Fh 212-F s,O~‘OOX 70-F IO21*-F

Ash ,OOK h 210°F

A

A

Okk

Acid (redo/l)

A ,a200°F

A

Mb

,00x h 21O'F

A

A

Oxalk Ac!d

4

A ,,2OO'F

1 I#112-F

As 1, ,OOK m 210°F

A

A IO212°F

Oxygen

A

A * 1W"F

Asb75DF

1

&

Ozone

I

AD t7s'F

Antardq 1 I.70°F AClrWO"F A Is'F,.Wn C C r.Fwa*,,S*F

A I.,*s'F

AII,%?ll'F

A

1

palmltk ACM

A

A ,It,.'F

A ,eIDO'F

As,~,sox I#12O'F It) Cmm,Nld v.1 I.(50°F

A

A

PWMII

A

A ,a70°F

1

A

L

Pentane

1

AIUO'F

A

A

A

(continuec

rABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL
Plating Solutions

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KYNAR 200°F A 3TAlNLESS STEEL 316 70°F A to Ill’F AC IO 14O’F wa ckt,rnk** A 10 IZD’F

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70 ‘F A !0 70°F EPOXY 70°F A 10 170°F

(continued)
HASTELLOV 70°F C VINYL ESTER THERMOSET 70 “F biB 10 180°F TEFLON PFA 200°F A

PYIH$E II D
Nickel A

PYROITE I
70 “F L IO 180°F

A 10 1‘O”F Slqif ~ktf,Dk*I A ,a 120°F

Plating

Solutions

Silver

1

A I0 120°F

1 ID 70°F

1 I0 12D”F

As IO 1.30”F

A 10 70°F

A 10 lW”F

Plating

Solutions

Tin

L

Aa

c 11 10s “F 1 Syllidt II 7s “F aa Chhlrld~L ““obofltr AB 10 Ieo’F

A ID 70°F

A 10 100°F

110 100°F A 10 150°F rlclpl 1cld Chbnidl

1s II *IO-F YR rylnldr 11 180 “F As 10 160°F

A

110 210°F

Plating -

Solution

Zinc

A

1s

A 10 10°F

L l0 150°F

&

A 10 *se “F

Potassium

Acetate

A

_

A 10 70 “F

A

A

Potassium

Aluminum

Sulphate

(alum)

1

A 10 275°F

A8 10 15O’F a 10% I0 21Z’F e WOY. 10 IO’F A *a.sox I0 212°F a CMC. I0 1W’F s I0 70% 1D 212°F (pit,) A l1lY tt I(15”F A I, 17% 10 240°F a 2o.las’h II 70°F *20-70x II 211°F A 104llK I@ 212’F s Io.1ee’h ID 7O’F As lwh to 70 “F A 10~30K 10 212°F I IO-40% I# ?1?“F e 10~100% II 70°F II II lOOK l0 2,2”F a le.,oo% 10 70°F a 10.30% ,D 212°F A 10-60’~ I# 212°F a OOIU. 10 150°F a IO-WY. IO 212°F a 10.100% I0 7O’F s IO-100% ,a 212°F A 5% 170°F Aa 10 130°F

I ,a 200°F

A

AE 10 30s “F a 10% ,D ZlZ”F a 100% 10 70°F a 100% a 70°F e lll.wh IO 212°F a 1OfJ% II 1501°F A 1* 30% 11 IO’F a 100% IO 212°F A lee% 11 1500°F A lo-es% ID 21zv a 100% d 70°F s 30% I0 21Z’F c se.7e% I, 212°F A loll% It 350°F a 100% IO 7O”F A8 10.sclx (0 212°F A 1040% I0 212°F a ID-JO% 1. Z12”F e 100% II 70°F e 100% II 7O’F a 1e.eex IO 212°F II 100% aI 1500°F a wwh 10 Z12’F

?.e 10 100% 10 220°F Aa I0 50% I# 150’F 1s 10 100% 10 l,O’F Ia 10 lee* 10 212°F

A

A

Potassium

Bicarbonate

A

1s IO ZIS’F

A I# 7O”F

A 1 10% c 100% A

L.

A

Potassium

Bichromate

1

A ID 27S’F

A 10 2eev

A

A

Potassium

Bromide

1

A 1v 275°F

A I# 200 ‘F

Ia lo 100% 11 110°F AC 10 IelI% 10 110°F As 10 sex IO 150°F

L

A

Potassium

Carbonate

A

A to 275°F

A II 200°F

1

1

L

Potassium

Chlorate

A

A to 27S’F

1 e 200°F

A

AB I0 lluJ% (0 110°F

A

A

Potassium

Chloride

A

Ah 275°F

A 10 250°F

A

Aa 10 100% 10 21O’F

A

A

Polassium

Chromate

A

AI II 275°F

A 10 7O’F

c

Aa lo 10% 10 IlO’F

A ID 70°F

A

Potassium

Cyanide

A

A I@ 275’F

A lo 200°F

A A ID% c 100% A

AI 10 loll% I0 14ev

1

A

Potassium

Dichromalc

ii

A lo 275°F

A 10 2OO’F

Ae 10 100% I# 2W’F

A

II

Potassium

Ferricyanide

A

AD 275°F

A 30% I@ 70°F

As 10 100% 10 210’F

A JO’,. 10 70’F

A

Potassium

Fetrocyanide

A

AC 275°F

A 10 2OO’F

a 10-w,.

IO 212°F

Aa to 1Oil% 10 210°F

A

L

Potassium

Hydrate

A II 212’F Ah ,s7v I IO 212°F c e 230°F A*

A A *ox l0 250°F A 1alw I0 125OF A IO 70°F a 10-6ax 10 3DO”F a 100% II 7ll’F a 10.1!wh 7DOF I# 212°F 1a I0 lo**/, 10 ZOO’F a lw/. II ID’F e IO-soy* 70°F ,a 212°F

A b 70°F

I,0

1aa”F

Potassium

Hydroxide

A

A loax 11 70°F a lll~ssx t. 211°F we IODK #I 5DO’F I so.*w. I, 212°F c 10% II 70°F II 100% n 7ev “II 30% d 70°F A a 10~1wh 7O’F I# ssev

A

eme ID wh

I( IIID’F

A

A

Potassium

Hypochlorlte

A

1 IO 70°F

I

Potassium

iodide-iodine

A

A II 70°F

A

Potassium

Nitrate

1

11027S’F

I\ so 200°F

A

18 10 100% ID 210°F

A

A (continuec

(continued)

TABLE
CHEMICAL
SIlCyklddlVlb

1.23:

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F 1 In ,ls°F EPOXY 70°F

(continued)
NASTELLOV C 70°F VINYL ESTER TNERMOSET 70°F TEFLON PFA 200°F 1

PYIi$JE
I

II

KVNAR 200 ‘F 1 H 122°F s 8, 15s”F E ., 211°F

STAINLESS STEEL 316 70°F

PYl$$TE
).

I

ssll Arhle (Sodium Chbrkb

Solution)

Sinconc Oil
Silver Bromide

A

A

Ah

70°F

x

c

)1

1

x a=*h 1 1 @MIs-100% 1

1 h 70’F

1

1

x

I

Wlvcr Chbrlde

1

1

lk125’F

1

-

1

B

1

-

1

A

1

A

1

I

Sodium

Aluminum

Sulfate

I

A

I

A,CWX 211°F a,

1 h rO”F

s t. (0% I0 r,Z”F

1s 10 ,usx

10 120°F

I

I

I

I

Sodium Bcnzoate
Sodium Rkrrbonate

Sad&m Bichmmale
Sodium Aisulfate

Sodium flisulSte
Sodium Borate (Borax) x b 27s’F xs ,, ,W”F 1 U 2sV”F 1 1 xs 10 ,DO# I, 1,D’F 1 I

(continued)

YABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL
Salbm Bfomtda

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
PYlgl_F
II

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
II
KVNAR

INTERNATIONAL
7ERON FEP 70’F
AO2SO'F

(continued)
NMI’ELLOY 70°F
SIC5.K

2OO’F 1 U 275-F

STMLEI WEE1 316 70°F
B 1CSSU AuPr*I 11,155X b212'F S IWX 8,500"F MS.15.WX S1CIWX Y 212'F U7O"F "175°F

EPOXY 7O’F

C

YtNYL ESTER l’NEttMO3E7 70°F
ASUIOOI to ZIO'F

7EFLON FFA ZOO’F
A

PYilfjFFTE I
AS t, 1SO'F

ta212"F

sodium

CSf&onale(Sodx

ash)

A

A II 27S'F

At, 20.-F

A 20% t. 122-F C ~1.b 7S"F YIIul. aI 122-F At.212'F

A 101WX1121Z°F S 1WY.U 15W'F SlOTOK SIOX II 212'F aI 7O'F

AS10~2SX

10 1W 'F

A

A 5SX ,, 122OF D55H .I ISO'F

sodbnl chbrate
Sodtum CtMdr (brbe)

A

A,4 27s"F

AD

200-F

AS WX to *IS-F AS 100% t.22)'F

A

AUZ12'F

I

x”

275-F

"SISK II 12S'F S 2030% b 212°F A IWX ta 71.212-F bMSt%.7S°F I,lCWK 71.ZIZ'F .lSOX"IS'F S 15%,.212*F Sl,lSS%at7S'F ChsdatlZSZ°F A IS% @212-F AlCIW(X,!7SDF Yt3SX al IllOF

A 10X N 2W"F A t,c11.t,20O~F

A IaZlZ'F

At, tWX

t. 212-F

AS!4 IDS% t# 1SO"F

A

A II 212'F

Sodbm

Chmmate

x

AOXl.ZW"F

C

Al0IWX 7C212'F SlSaOX A 1OSX

AIH

50% Ia 215-F

A

ASb SSK t. 215-F ASI8 50% blW"F

So&m CNfab
Sodium

A

Ata7O'F

ASb2SX

l012O'F

AU71'F

Cyantde

1

1,.

275-F

At4 71'F

A

A

AS,. ,00X t. IIS-F

A

A

Sodium

Dkhmmab

1

Aa

xc
A5X*lAny SICIWK 4l771'F CM .X al l.0.F AS%#bNh*c A lCZOX Ia 212°F I "MD%~~2~F SC,OS%.45S*F

lit,

71-F

A

AS,, ISSOX b 21,-F

*

AIt4 210-F

Sedbm

Fafttcyantds

A

xab

275-F

At, 7,'F

A tS5X lO.llS*F I ISX

AS,, lWX

II 21,-F

Aw7O'F

ASt.2lO'F

Sodium

Fluodde

,I*dLi, A

Ata27S*F

Ab2OSQF AbIO'F A SK UIZZ'F 14OU b 122'F C4,X ., 212°F

A.taISSX"lSS'F l--w 0 1,70X11 212-F A 100% "IS-F AA-." 7S'F 2X 45-W% al 210-F Uils-25% til25'F AS5X121SDF

A

A.U

2lS"F

(mkwvb : z;::: Ai:w9:

Sodium

Hydroxide

(cruxliC Sodldp)

A WY. I, 212-F &".r-M25S.F

Al.lOOX Ia 12S'F ASSXt.2W~F

A YX )I 241°F A ".&,a 7.-F

Sodium Hydroxide (mette11)WKt4 :F Sadbm Hypochbrtte (sobtbn)

YI

as

w x ” k%2;170 ‘F

m
12OXt.2W'F A IS% ,a 2SO'F

xa

IIs
A 1‘X AIlSOX

xn

lln

“I

I

Lt.

275'F A.,%,. ul-Y5x 12°F

C 20% SS-

AS5X.tl2S'F SC S.lSX .tlSO"F

AZSXtr2W'F

ASU 20% I, ,.0-F LSD 20X at210'F

Sodium HyposulAta
Sodium Metaphospbate

M
1

I,,

24,-F

ASlWX r2sx5aa2

A Ia 70°F

AS"

20% U 210-F

A

A

1 * lOOF

A

1

A

Sodium

Metasltbate
A l&SO% U 212'F S 1204L d 70-F S 15~00% at 251°F A

A 1&1OOX 70212°F S 30~1OOX 1,.20X

I
AS!, IWX 1.2tS'F A A 111 SS xn

Sodium

Nitrate

A

Ata 2759

A II 2SO'F

A

Sodium

Nitrate

(motten)~5S6°F

KS

"I1

AS

Sodium

Nttttte

I

A
A

A k 275-F

I

AStl2OX AC-. A ,00X at 70°F 510% U 212-F

AII2WO"F

ASI0 100% I. 210-F

A I

A

So&urn

Perborate

At,7.'F

AS

S 10% I. 212'F

A

AS

Sodium

Pemxtde

A

AU

275°F

A 70.212'F

Ab2W'F

1,.50X AIcCW&. A 1&100X 70.212°F

AS*

SO-F

A

A Ia SD% h 150-F

Sodium

Phosphates

A

At. 275°F

AS 10.100X 70212°F

ADIW'F

A

AS,4 IWX 10 210-F ru#pl rlJdilJ8 *I.mMa**tM*

A

~~

A

(continued)

TABLE 1.23: OXIRANE

OLIGOMER

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS

INTERNATIONAL

(continued)

Slrnnk Chbrkb Stannous Chloride

Steam

liti SSO'F

PdSSS'F

)rb,IOO'F

At.2SO"F

At. SSO'F

ABt,tZO'F

A

At,,SO'F

I

Sutphate Bbck Liquor Sulphate 6mn liquor
Sumnol

I

A
1
A

I

Ah27S'F

It, 212'F Ek,SS'F

A‘.Z"'F

A

I

At,212-F
It, 175°F

AOh

100% U 20.-F

A

I

A
A

I

)I, 212°F
A A

Al, 70°F

A

AStelOOX

te2OO'F

A

Al978~F

A

SUlphll l.kplu (100% soktion 10% SO,) wtth

A

AI)II 212°F

At.,O'F

ABM

212°F

AIt. 100% WZOO'F

Ata7ST

ASleIOOK II 220°F

(continued)

TABLE

1.23:

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
ZOO’F

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KYNAR 200 “F m It 70DF STAINLESS STEEL 316 70°F “1

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F A ,I 125-F EPOXY 70 “F

(continued)
NASTELLOY 70°F C WY1 ESTER TNERMOSET 70 “F we
*uil * “war

CHEMICAL
Thioey( Chloride

PYROITE II
As * M’F

TEFLON PFA 200°F A

PYROITE I
70 “F C

Tb

Mottrn

,449”F

ne

C

ee

“I

WR AC tnnw*

MR

IIR

I

Tnchbromoneiberoatham

(Freon

17)

I

Triethykne

Glycol

I
A

I

I
A

A* 125’F
A I. 200°F

YII

I

!
AS ID 100% IO 2OP”F

I
A

“R
1 IO 2OO’F

I

Ttiethyl

Phosphate

Trtphenyl

Phosphite

(continued)

‘ABLE
CHEMICAL

1.23:

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
PYIttI;E

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
II
KYNAR 200°F STAINLESS STEEL 316 70°F 1

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON 7O’F FEF EPOXY 70°F

(continued)
I I HASTELLOY 70 “F C VINYL ESTER THERMOSET 70°F I TEFLON PFA 200°F I I

PYl$ltE
D

I

Trisodium Phosphate Tung MI (china wood oil) Turponline

Vinylkline Chbride (Resb)
Water. Acid

Mine

Water. Boibr Feed
Water.

Uirtllbd

Water. Fresh Water. Ueknlzed Water. lb-mineraLed Water. Brackish Water. (salt) See ah0 Sea Water Wax Whiskey

(continued)

TABLE 1.23:
CHEMICAL

OXIRANE

OLIGOMER
200°F A

OF RESORCINOL-PLASTONICS
KVNAR 200°F A Ia70°F STAINLESSSTEEL 316 70°F A

INTERNATIONAL
TEFLON FEP 70°F Al4 7D~F EWXV 70°F A

(continued)
HASTELLOY C 70°F 1 THERMOSET 70°F mm 1ml"F

PYROITE II

VINYL ESTEA

TEFLON PFA 200°F A

PYliy\TE D
1

I

WhHc Liquor(PulpMill)

TABLE 1.24:

PHENOLIC

RESINS-OCCIDENTAL

CHEMICAL
Durez 13856 Black CHEMICAL % Change Chemical Acetic Acetic Acetone Ammomum Ammoxuum Anll~ne Benzene Carbon Chromic Citric Tetrachloride Acid Acid Ether FormamIde Water (95%) (50%) (40%) (0.25%) (10%) Solution Hydroxide Hydroxide (cont. (10%) Acid Acid (Glacial) (5%) in RESISTANCE l/8 x 2” bsk Thickness -0.72 1.60 0. 56 5. 60 2.50 1.50 -1. -0.37 -0.55 0.68 0.68 -0.99 -0.44 1.10 -0.31 0.26 1.20 -0.29 0.21 9.21 6.40 8.00 I 1.10 0.01 (#Z Oil, Acid Acid Acid Acid Solution Solution Carbonate Carbonate Chloride Hydroxide Hydroxide Hydroxide Hypochlorite Acid Acid Acid (cont. (30%) (3%) Oil (5%) (1%) (20%) (2%) (10%) (60%) (10%) (1%) (4-a%) 1.90 0.06 I 3. 30 0.94 0. 16 0.04 0.00 5.50 1.50 -0.02 1.00 -1.00 fuel White (cont. (40%) (10%) 0.20 0.99 1.10 0. a2 1.10 1.00 I I 2.70 -7.90 I 13.00 4.90 0. 61 0.02 -0.05 ) oil) USP 0.04 0.05 I I I 0.04 0.60 0.49 0. a1 1.40 1.40 I I 10.30 13.00 I 1.70 -0.39 -0.66 0.13 I I I 1.30 5.40 5.30 4.50 5.90 5.50 I I I 0.21 0.30 0.39 I I I 32 Weight -0.03 5.50 -0.39 12.00 8. 30 0.98 0.29 0.14 -2.29 5.05 5.29 1.17 -0.61 4.70 0.66 0.87 4.40 0. 36 2.10 11.11 8.20 14.00 I 5. a0 One-Year Exposure ASTM at 23-C. D 543-60T

The following chemical resistance data was obtained by exposing several DUREZ materials to common known chemical contaminants for variable periods of time and then calculating the percent change in specimen dimensions and weight. The specimens were either 2” diameter discs by l/6’.” thick; or X” by I$” bars, 5” long. The appearance of the afterexposed specimen was graded according to the following codes: A - Smooth, glossy G -Wrinkled B - Slightly dull H - Swollen C - Dull I - Cracked D - Fiber shows J - Warped E - Pimpled K - Blistered F - Mottled or unsigned values indicate specimen growth or weight values indicate specimen shrinkage or weight loss.
791 Black CHEXICAL % Change Chemical Aretic Acetone Ammonium Aniline Carbon Cztric Dimethyl DistIlled Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl Heptane Hydrochloric Hydrogen Nitric Oleic Phenol Soap Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sulfuric Sulfuric Toluene Transformer Turpentine Oil Acid Acid Solution Solution Chloride Hydroxide Hydroxide Hypochlorite Acid Acid (30%) (3%) 2.70 0.14 0.02 0.01 Carbonate (5%) (1%) (2%) (10%) (10%) (1%) (4-b%) 3.20 I I 9.90 -0.05 -0.75 -1.20 Acid Peroxide (10%) 0.15 2.70 2.30 1.90 1.60 I 7.00 I I 17.00 0.51 0.05 0.10 (10%) (3%) 2.10 I 0.45 5.40 4.50 3.80 3.00 I 13.00 I I Detergent Tetrachloride Acid (10%) Solution Formamide Water Acetate Alcohol Alcohol (95%) (50%) (0.25%) Hydroxide (10%) Acid (5%) in RESISTANCE 118 x 2” Disk Thickness 6.00 -0.35 5.00 -1. -0.22 4.60 3.90 0.21 3.20 -0.18 -0.11 2.30 -0.25 0.25 I 4.60 I 0.90 11.00 9.80 I I 32 One-Year Exposure iS.TM

Diameter -0.21 1.10 -0.04

Appearance B B E H B A B A F F A A G A E C G A A E E H I B A A A I I I A A A B A A I I F F I E F A A A

)

3.90 1.80 0. -0.02 0.65 1.00 1.00 18 0.06

Positive negative IIurez

gain;

Detergent Dlethyl Dimethyl

0.12
-0.16 0.95 0.09 0.20 0.98 0.02 0. Acid Acid Acid (cont. (10%) (40%) (28%) (3%) 38

at 23-C. D 543-601

DIstilled Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl

Acetate Alcohol Alcohol

Diameter 2.90 -0.23 2.40 -0.29 0.00 2.40 2.10 0.18 1.80 0.09 0.09 1.20 0.03 0. 36

W+ight
12.00 -1.10 9.00 1.20 -0.03 9.70 a. 70 0.63 a. 10 0.54 0.49 5.00 0.06 1.80 I

Appearance G c G

Ethylene Heptane Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Hydrofluoric Hydrogen Hydragen lsooctane Kerosine Mmeral Nltrtc Nitric Nitric Oleic Phenol Soap Sodium Sodium So&urn Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sulfuric Sulfuric Sulluric TClhleIle Trauaformer Turpentme

Dichloride

)

2.71 2.70 3.00

A C G G
E G G G G c A I G I C

Peroxlde Peroxide

Ethylene

Dichloride

9.20
a. 50 7.10 I

F G G
A I G I I G C A A

)

(continued)

TABLE 1.24:

PHENOLIC

RESINS-OCCIDENTAL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Chemical

Resistance

Chemical

Resistance

Exposure

to

Various

Chemicals

for

1 Week

Exposure

to

Various

Chemicals

for

1 Month

Material Condition

and

X Change Length

X Change
Thickness

X Change Width

2 Change
Weight

Uaterial Condition

and

X Change Length

X Change Thickness

X Change Width

X Change
Weight

23570 BoillnR Water
l

23570 .12 +1.34 + .78 + .8b Boiling Water

10% E2SO4

+

.04

l1.20

+

.60

+

.88

10% H2SO4

+

.12

+2.73

+1.42

+2.64

10% NaOH

+

.I3

+3.5a

+I.85

+2.24

10% NaOH

*

l

*

*

10% WOH

+

.02

+

.I5

+

.13

+

.lO

10% N-&+OH

+

.03

+

.28

+

.18

+

.23

Leaded

Gasoline

0

l

.16

+

.lO

0

Leaded

Gasoline

0

+

.13

+

.I0

0

lo-30

Motor

Oil

0

+

.12

+

.lO

0

lo-30

Motor

Oil

0

+

.07

+

.09

-

.Ol

Transmission

Fluid

0

+

-14

+

.I1

-

.Ol

Transmission

Fluid

+

.Ol

+

.14

+

.ll

+

.09

Brake

Fluid

0

-1.23

-

.43

-

.03

Brake

Fluid

0

l

.98

+

.47

+

.07

50% Glycol

+

.Ol

-

.a7

-

.40

+

.09

50%

Glycol

+

-02

-

.90

-

.41

+

.20

5% NaCL

+

.o:

-

.91

-

.46

+

.11

5% NaCl

+

.03

-

.94

-

.44

+

.24

50% Alcohol

+

.Ol

-

.93

-

.45

+

.09

50%

Alcohol

+

.07

-

.63

-

.42

+

.20

*

Not

Available

Deteriorated

(continued)

TABLE

1.24:

PHENOLIC

RESINS-OCCIDENTAL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

Chemical

Resistance Chemical Resistance

Exposure

to

Various

Chemicals

for

6 Months Exposure to Various Chemicals for 1 Week

Material Condition

and

I

Change Length

% Change -Thickness

X Change - Width

X Change Weight

Material
Condition

and

X Change Length

X Change Thickness

X Change Width

%Change
Weight

23570

29502

Bolllng

Water

Boiling

Water

+

.08

+1.09

+

.64

+

.55

10% B2S04

l

-34

+5.66

+2.56

+7.11

10% H2S04

+

.25

+6.95

+3.06

+4.56

10% NaOH

l

*

*

l

10% NaOH

+

.16

+2.54

+1.27

+2.48

10% NH40H

+

.09

+

.28

+

.24

+

.5fJ

10% NH40H

0

-

.90

-

.46

+

.Ol

Leaded

Gasoline

0

+

.11

-

.08

-

.02

Leaded

Gasoline

0

-

.77

-

.46

0

lo-30

Motor

Oil

0

+

.06

+

.04

-

.04

lo-30

Motor

Oil

0

-

.BO

-

.43

+

.06

Transmission

Fluid

0

+

.14

+

.11

+

.Ol

Transmission

Fluid

0

-

.64

-

.44

+

.02

Brake

Fluid

-

.02

-

.98

-

.50

-

.17

Brake

Fluid

0

-

.79

-

.39

+

.Ol

50% Glycol

+

.06

-

.83

-

.33

+

.47

50% Glycol

+

.01

-

.92

-

.41

+

.lO

5% NaCl

l

.08

-

.83

-

.36

+

.61

5% NaCl

0

-

.80

-

.46

+

.06

50% Alcohol

+

.06

-

.82

-

.22

+

.47

50% Alcohol

+

-01

-

.92

-

.40

+

.05

l

Not

Available

Deteriorated

(continued)

98 Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

::
0; +

2 +
0

z +

8
l

0 +

:: +

2 +

w

+

x
Y; +

k

1.
1

8
A
4 +

2

1

D

s

2 +

0

0
0

a
+

z +

z +

TABLE 1.24:

PHENOLIC

RESINS-OCCIDENTAL
Chemical Resistance

CHEMICAL

(continued)
Chemical 96 Rours In Resistance Boiling X Change Thickness 5.72 4.45 6.03 1.13 2.33 4.05 .92 1.46 .60 3.61 4.49 1.70 1.21 1.65 3.13 3.47 3.35 5.11 4.02 .22 5.03 1.30 .32 .59 1.20 .9O Water Change Diameter 1.71 1.23 1.26 .63 1 .oo 1.19 -48 .76 .33 1.64 1.67 .91 .60 .64 1.60 1.76 1.88 1.00 1.63 .I5 1.19 .69 .21 .34 .80 .80

10

Days

in

25O’F

Vapor

at

16 psls

Pressure

X Change
Material 111 118 123 145 Weight 7.24 7.68 5.14 2.36 4.13 5.00 2.09 3.39 1.62 6.24 6.42 3.80 2.82 3.39 6.17 6.79 6.44 7.52 7.08 1 .oo 6.20 2.77 .a9 2.14 3.00 3.20

f

Appearance Code 8. B. B. B. A C. B, B, B B, A A B, B. A B B, A B B B. B. B B A. A B. D D, K F D E E E E E f F R R E

Material

X Change Weight

I

Change

-Thickness

X Change -Diameter

Appearance Code

156

1.72

.76

.50

B

165

2.17

1.19

.73

B, E. K

152 153 156

13856

2.64

1.24

.05

22829

1.98

.92

.66

161 165 791

30169

3.27

2.55

1.22

30698

1.74

.a7

.57

3948 3856 14900

Chemical

Resistance

16378~ 18420

10

Days

in

25O’F

Water

ilt

16

psis

Pressure

18441 Appearance Code 21210 B 22257 21028

X Change H.3teria1 156 Weight 2.67

2 Change -Thickness 1.55

2 Change Diemeter 1.03

165

3.00

1.74

1.. 09

B, E, K

23570 29237

13856

3.56

1.11

-95 30270

22829

2.20

.77

.59

30614 30645

30169

3.75

2.59

1.28 30698

30698

1.97

.80

.52

30806

(continued)

TABLE 1.24:

PHENOLIC

RESINS-OCCIDENTAL
Chemical Resistance Sulphuric Acid

CHEMICAL

(continued)
Chemical Resistance Caustic (.5% NAOH)

96

Rours

in

BoilinR

(H2S04)

96 Appearance Code C. C. B. F. D. H, C H J Flaterial

Hours

In

Boiling

X Change

Naterial
111 118 123 145 152 153 156 161 165 791 3948 13856 14900 16378A 18420 18441 21028 21210 22257 23570 29237 30270 30614 30645 30698 30806

We IRh t 18.49 24.53 16.46 7.92 15.14 11.58 11.17 4.71 1.63 17.66 10.20 7.10 8.76 16.75 6.05 8.84 26.67 12.03 16.76 7.41 22.03 5.21 4.91 25.75 3.91 7.10

X Change Thickness
15.58 14.15 15.29 12.76 12.39 11.14 10.36 3.74 1.25 13.93 7.31 4.55 8.01 11.37 3.55 4.98 16.66 10.57 12.92 8.84 15.80 3.73 8.08 2?.56 2.73 3.53

X Change
Diameter 2.72 2.59 2.80 1.25 2.25 2.19 1.27 1.02 .61 7.20 2.43 1.56 1.13 .60 1.78 2.27 4.89 2.39 2.53 .86 3.30 1.33 .94 3.59 .93 1.66

X Change
Weight 9.41 12.88 7.36 4.89 4.64 6.38 1.51 3.96 2.14 7.16 7.29 3.91 2.87 3.69 6.64 7.27 7.68 9.36 8.16 1.05 5.76 3.65 .99 2.23 3.12 3.70

X Change
Thickness 7.88 4.32 6.54 1.17 2.57 5.54 1.18 1.79 .81 4.39 4.75 1.80 1.38 1.90 3.89 3.84 4.21 6.31 5.84 .31 .57 2.05 .55 .59 1.32 1.12

X Change Diameter
.90 1.26 1.44 .77 1.19 1.47 .63 1.00 .49 1.87 2.10 .94 .62 .79 1.71 1.84 2.10 2.27 1.88 .22 1.22 .90 .24 -33 .82 .91

Appearance Code C. B, R, R. B. C, B. R, B B, B R, B, B, B B. C. B B B C, C R. B R. B K E D, E D D C E E E E D R E E E E F

111
118 123 145 152 153 156 161 165 791 3948 13856

C.F C. F C. F C. E. F C. F C. F C, D. H
B,F.R.J B C. D, B, R, C, E F J D, D. J H

14900 16378A 18420 18441 21028 21210 J F F J I 22257 23570 29237 30270 30614 30645 30698 30806

B.C.H,J C. C. C. B. B, H. E. D, E. E.

C.R.C.R.1 C. B K

(continued)

TABLE 1.24:

PHENOLIC

RESINS-OCCIDENTAL

CHEMICAL

(continued)
Chemical 96 2 Material Hours In Boiling Resistance Soap (5% Ivory) X Change Diameter 1.79 1.49 1.51 .52 .99 1.37 .37 .88 .43 1.93 1.99 .80 .62 .73 1.93 2.01 2.12 2.36 1.95 .19 1.55 .88 .24 .33 .a3 .80 Appearance Code C, C C. C. C C C. C C, S. C. B, 8, B. C. B, C, B. C. B C, C C B S. B. K D D. F F D D D E E J D D D D E K S E

Change Weight 8.05

2, Change Thickness
6.16 5.48 6.72 1.24 2.65 4.58 1.09 1.73 .64 4.45 5.76 1.70 1.37 1.78 4.11 4.07 3.90 6.66 6.30 .26 8.02 1.61 .39 .49 1.10 1.10

chemical 168 Hours (7 Days) in Sodium

Resistance 111 Aypochlorite (52 NeOCl ‘at 50-c 118 11.46 2.96 2.26 4.45 5.77 2.11 3.51 1.92 7.43 8.13 3.70 2.94 3.47 7.40 7.59 7.44 9.34 8.58 1.01 7.39 3.34 1.00 2.34 3.21 3.50

2 )lateria1 118 123 165 791 3940 13856 14900 18420 18441 21028 21210 22251 30270 30614 30645 30698 30806

Change Weight 6.08 4.22 1.6C 3.18 4.05 2.90 1.18 4.26 4.89 1.46 4.58 2.92 2.65 1.28 1.41 .83

X Change Thickness
1.80 1.99 .55 1.65 2.02 1 .Ol .41 1.93 2.39 .67 2.70 1.95 1.32 .03 .31 .02 .50

2 Change Diameter .84 .83 .47 1.01 1.21 .71 .27 .14 1.28 .93 1.47 .93 .76 -07 .33 .50 .43

Appearance Code C

123 145 152

C 153 C. C, C. C. C. C, C. C. C, C, C 21028 C, C. C, C. D 21210 D 22257 D 23570 D, F 29237 30270 30614 30645 30698 30806 D. D 161 D 165 D 791 D 3948 D 13856 D 14900 D 16378~ D 18420 D 18441 f 156

1.61

TABLE

1.25:

PHENYLENE

OXIDE-BASED

RESIN-GENERAL

ELECTRIC Introduction

COMPATIBILITY

TESTING

PROCEDURE

NORYL resins are especially noted for their outstanding hydrolytic stability. The water absorption rate of all NORYL resins, both at room temperature and at elevated temperatures, are among the lowest of any engineering thermoplastic, which contributes to the retention of properties and dimensional stability in the presence of water, high humidity and even steam environments. In addition,‘NORYL resins are also virtually unaffected by most aqueous solutions, detergents, acids, and bases.

This test is used as a method for predicting the longterm effects of contact materials or environments on the physical properties of Noryl. The test uses specimens which are exposed under strained conditions at various temperatures duplicating as closely as possible the effect of residual and induced stresses in a fabricated part. By measuring the loss of certain physical properties we can estimate the effects of exposure to the environment on a Noryl application. Test Procedure 1. Place the tensile bars in the strain jigs which dupliFor a standard cate the stress levels to be checked. test use 0%. l/2% and 1% for unfilled grades and O%, l/4% and l/2% for glass-filled grades. Test a minimum of 3 tensile bars for each stress level.

Nom-l. QFNZ Ream

NORYL 731,831 Resin

NOSYI QFN3Rssti

TwsEl

NORYL Resin

2. 3.

APPUd%WS.Pl

0 8.ooO 0 WC0 N N N N N N N N N N N N N NN N N N N N N x NN x x x x N N N Ii N N N N N

0 3aOO N N N N N N N N N N N N N A N NX N N

0 38ooApplied~,pSi N N N NA BA N N N N N aEcade(lB) OlelcAcld MamiacQmo11 Unssedoli Unenrloil vammle

0 8Dw NNNNNNNN N N N

0 6,CM

0 3800 0 3800

HJdEdl0mACid(lcrrs) IiJdmao~Acid(mnc.) -Aud(lc%) -And(m) -Aua(m) IU?MCAdd(lulb) NoiricM(lm) -emc@Jm> KTdmfmo*Add(m)
-UtUEi Ammonia

NNANNNA NNANANA N x x x xxx

Apply the contact material to the tensile bars making sure the material is in direct contact with the bars. If the material is a piece of tubing or gasket material, it may be secured by using a copper wire to tie it to If the material is a liquid, the tensile the tensile bar. If the bars and strain jigs should be totally immersed. material is a grease or paste, coat the tensile bars. Place the specimens in suitable containers and place one set in an oven for 3 days at 185'F and the other leave out at room temperature for 7 days. Example: If testing a material with NORYL number of specimens would be: 0% 3 days 7 days @ 185O~ @ RT 3 3 l/2% 3 3 1% 3 3 =9 =9 731 the

4.

NNNNNNNA NNNNNNNA N AAANALXX

xliaptane x x x x bm,haml Impropanoi
EthylcmeQlycai Qulf_~Ofi Ryhon 2EP

NNNANNNN N N N N N N N N

W(lW)

NNNNNNN

NNNANNNA NNNNNNNN

NNXXXXXX NNNNNNNN

-w(lm) -ImF=Jdee(mno.)
dmmonflno

NNNNNNNN
N N

phosphate(~)

NNNNNNNA NNNNNNN N
N NNNNNNN

GE.6lllmneC)-e87
Hcw&tm6&6SO LlcmeaQmao

NNNNNNN
NNNNNNN

--(sat) --(eat)
-O-illoIlds(Bat) QOKIX

NNNNNNNX NNNNNNNN

Total 18 5. At the duration of test, remove the specimens from the oven and leave at room temperature for a minimum of 30 minutes. Then use the Instron to determine tensile strength and % of elongation. Results

NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN
NNNNNNNN

lnm6cm/m BesterNo. NesterNo 13.5
164

NNNNXXNN NNNNXXNN

Lesml(28)

NNNAXXXX

Reporting

The contact material is considered compatible if there is no cracking, embrittlement or less than 10% loss in tensile properties. The material is considered marginal if there is no cracking, crazing or less than 20% loss in tensile properties. An incompatible material is one which cracks, crazes or loses more than 20% of its tensile properties. (The above are compared against a control). (continued)

TABLE 1.25:

PHENYLENE

OXIDE-BASED

RESIN-GENERAL

ELECTRIC

(continued) TESTING RESULTS

COMPATIBILITY

Effect en
731 Aggres siveness* -

Norvl Aggres731

Effect
Aggres -

en

Nor!1 A5grcs-

N-190

N-190

siveness'
Craze S S S S Ethy~ne Ethyltncdiamine No

siveness*

siveness'

n-PtntAne n-IItxk7e CctAne Dodccane

Qlase Craze Cr*se Cr*ze

S S S S

craze
Qaze Craze

Effect

NC

Effect

No Effect
SW811 V V V

No Effect
Swell swell Crack v
M

Diethylamine n-Amylarome

Qack Crack

Aromatic

hiethylamine

V

Toluene Xylem

Solvent swell

n
V

Solvent Swell

n
V

Ketones
Acetone

Craze Well SW11 Crack Craze Crack Solvent

V V V
V

Craze

Methyl ethyl ketone Alcohols Hethyl propyl Ketone mtiyl Methan Et!!nol Isopropanol n-Butin Pentan Isohexanol OCtanOl 2-Ethyl B-01 Trimethyl-3.5, 5-3-huancl
No NO

swell swell Crack

V V
V V

iscbatyl ketone

Effect

Qare

Methyl phenyl ketone Iscphorone Cyclohexmone

V V M

Effec?

craze
U-are Q*2.S S

aazt= QaZe
Swell

V V V

No Effect No Effect Craze No L=fcct NO Effect Craze Qaze
S S

craze

Craze Craze
Craze

Swell

M

SVISll

!4

Qate

Acetates
Methyl

acetate

Crack
Qack SW11

V V

Swell Swell Swell we11

Chlorinated

Ethyl

acetate

n-Propyl acctAt-e Methylem
Chloroform

v v

Chloride

Solvent Solvent Solvent Craze Solvent Solvent

V V V V t4 n

Solvent Solvent Solvent Craze Solvent Solvent

isopropyl acetate

Crack

Trxhloroathylene l,l,l-hichloroethme 1.1,2-hichloroethane Chlorobentcne

Anhydrides Acetic anhydrlde Propionic anhydride No Effect Crack _
V No Effect S

Craze

.

AggressivencsS:

S-Slight, M - Moderate. V - Veri

104

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.26:

POLYALLOMER-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

PRODUCTS

The effects of various chemicals on TENITE Polyallomer Formula 5020 were determined by and measured injection-molded samples of the plastic in the chemicals and maintaining them 73°F (23°C) for one year. After one year, each sample of plastic was removed from the jar in wiped dry, and quickly weighed and measured. The appearance of the sample after exposure was also recorded.

immersing weighed at a temperature of which it was tested, to the test medium

The shelf-life tests were conducted using 50 ml capacity, 0.010 inch (0.25 mm) wall thickness blow-molded bottles of TENITE Polyallomer 5020 filled with selected household items. The filled bottles were stored at temperatures of 73°F (23°C) and 140°F (60°C) for one year. Changes in bottle weight and appearance were determined at the
end of the test period.

Polyallomer is highly resistant to chemical attack and to stress-cracking. and attack the surface slightly. These chemicals are mainly chlorinated the higher aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as gasoline.

However, a few chemicals produce swelling compounds, aromatic hydrocarbons, and

Resistance

of TENITEE
[Exposure:

Polyallomer One Year

5020 at 73°F

to Various (23’(Z)]

Chemicals

Reagent Ace:~c Acid Acellc Ace;one Aicorrox Ammonium Ammomum Benzene Brake Carbon Chromic Citric Coffee Cottonseed Dibatyi Dlerhyl Dlme:hyl Delomzed Ethanol Ethanol, Ethylene Gasolme. Gasolme. Hexane Hydrochlonc Hydrochloric Hydrogen Hydrogen lodme Aud, Acid. PeroxIde. Peroxide, cone 10% 28% 3% 011 Sebacafe Ether Hexyl Water 100% 50% Dichlortde Regular High Test Pn!halate Folmarmoe Fluid Tetrachlorlde Acid. 40%. 10% Acid. De’crgent (0 25°,L! cone 10% Hydroxide Hydroxide Acid 5L< cone Cl 04

Change in WeIghI. 0i0 Thickness. 4, Appearance Nc C’iange NC’ Change NC, Change Nc Change Sli;htly Slqhtly Swollen NC Change Swollen Sl~;h!ly DIscolored No Change No Change No Change No Change Sfiollen No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change Si4ollen BlIstered, Swollen Swollen No Change No Change No Change No Change Stalned Swollen D~scolore:! D~scolorec lsooctane Kerosene lysol Methyl Mmeral Molasses Mouthwash Mustard Nltrlc Nltrlc Nltnc

Raagenl

ChaII#E WeIghI, % Thicknass. 6 30 15 90 1750 0 11 0 12 0 59 0 03 0 35 6 04 4 70 0 79 0 02 0 51 0 04 cl 05 0 04 5 50 0 12 0 08 0 12 0 28 0 16 0 12 0 45 0 16 0 08 0 12 0 08 0 04 0 08 0 04 0 00 0 04 0 24 0 00 0 04 0 12 0 04 0 12 0 08 6 20 0 08 1 50 7 50

ifl
B.lt.stered. Discolored. BlIstered, No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change Badly DIscolored Slightly Slightly DIscolored DIscolored DIscolored, Swollen Swollen

% Appearance

c 28
i ^ 33 c 74 0 04 c 04 0 20 5 70 0 12 11 20 c 04 0 08 0 12 0 08 0 29 5 so 0 08 0 20 0 04 0 12 G 21 1 60 1 90 7 60 6 80 6 70 0 24 0 08 0 08 0 16 0 08

? ?8
1 94 0 01 0 37 0 13 15 10 c 38 6; 50 -0 08 (1 08 0 03 c 05 1 51 14 10 0 20 0 37 0 01 0 26 0 07 5 20 10 60 19 40 17 60 16 90 0 11 0 01 0 01 -0 01 011

DIsInfectant Alcohol 011

Acid, cone Acid. Acid, 40% 10%

Olelc Actd, 03% Ohve 011 Orange Phenol, Sodium >odlum Sodium Sodtum Sodium Sodium Sulfuric Sulfuric Sulfunc Toluene Tomato Juice 011 Transformer Turpentme Drink 5% 1% 10% 2090 2% 10% 1% 3 5% Chloride, Cabonate. Carbonate, Hydroxide, Hydroxide. Hypochlorite, Acid, cone Acid. Acid, 30% 3%

No Change No Ghange No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Qlange No Change Discolored DIscolored No Change No Change BlIstered. No Change No Change Blrstered. Swollen Swollen

DI 2-Ethyl

Soap Solution,

0 01 -0 01 0 04 0 ia -0 03 -0 01 0 08 -0 03 -0 005 -0 008 19 50 0 07 3 50 23 70

Ethyl Acetate

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

TABLE 1.26:

POLYALLOMER-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

PRODUCTS

(continued)

Shelf-Life

Data on Blow-Molded Bottles of TENITE@ Polyallomer [Exposure: One Year at 73” F (23” C)]
Change In Weight. %
Appii~llC8

5020

Mustard Molasses Orange Ormk Mouthwash Tomato Jurce Coffee Lysol Drsinfectant lodme ivory Detergent, Shoe Polrsh Margarme Grape Jurce Cheese Spread Grape Jelly Peanut Butter

-0 33 -0.13 -1.66 -1 14 -1.06 -0 61 -0 14 -1.69

No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change

1%

-0 12 -0.29 -0 07 -1.00 -0.32 -0.42 +o 14

Shelf-Life

Data on Blow-Molded Bottles of TENlTE@ Polyallomer [Exposure: One Year at 140” F (60” C)]
fleapent Walght. %

5020

Changs In Appanncs
No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change Bottle Stained Bottle Stained No Change No Change

Mustard Molasses Orange Drink Mouthwash Tomato Juice Coffee Lysol Disinfectant iodine ivory Detergent, 1% Shoe Polish Margarine Grape Juice Cheese Spread Grape Jelly Peanut Butter

-4.2 -3.9 -10.8 -24.0 -5.0 -9.1 -6.0 -31 .l -4.0 -4.1

Bottle cracked at seams in -5.0 -6 7 -6.5

1 day

No Change No Change No Change

Bottle cracked at seams in four weeks

706

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 1.27:

POLYCARBONATE-MOBAY

CHEMICAL

The combination of mechanical and optical properties offered of the characteristics of a transparent metal. It is a thermoplastic toughness, and a temperature capability up to 250°F. Because of a combination bonate sheets are finding is resistant of optical application

by MERLON gives the designer a material with many which provides good optical properties, exceptional

characteristics, impact strength, and dimensional stability, MERLON as glazing, especially in those areas where glass breakage is high. to:
Industrial Petroleum Products Petrol Refined oil Spindle oil Transformer oil Vacuum pump oil to: Milk of lime Nitric acid :conc.) Sulfuric acid (cont.) to:

polycar-

MERLON Chemicals

at room temperature
Nitric acid Nitric acid Dleic acid ~,xxa$$id (10%) (20%)

Acetic acid (20%) Aluminum chloride Aluminum sulphate Ammonium ctiloride Ammonium nitrate Ammonium sulphate Antimony trichloride Arsenic acid (20%) Butyl alcohol Calcium chloride Calcium nitrate Chlorinated lime paste Chlorinated lime solution Chrome alum Chromic acid (20%) Citric acid (40%) Copper chloride Copper sulphate Cuprous chloride Cyclohexane Decahydronaphthalene Ethyl alcohol (96%) Formic acid (10%) Formalin (30%) Glycerine Glycol Hydrochloric acid (10%) Hydrochloric acid (20%) Hydrogen peroxide (30%) Hydrofluoric acid (20%) Iron chloride Iron sulphate Isoamyl‘alcohol Lactic acid (20%) Magnesium chloride Magnesium sulphate Manganese sulphate Mercuric chloride Nickel sulphate Common Beer Borax Cocoa ~~Z;;;il Chocolate Cinnamon Cod tiver Household

Axle oil Brake fluid (room temp.) Compressor oil Diesel oil Gasoline (low aromatic)
MERLON

(2%)

Petroleum ether Phosphoric acid, cont. Propyl alcohol Potassium aluminum alum Potassium bichromate Potassium bromate Potassium bromide Potassium chloride Potassium nitrate Potassium perchlorate Potassium permanganate Potassium persulphate Potassium sulphate Propargyl alcohol Propionic acid (20%) Silicone oil Silver nitrate Sodium bicarbonate Sodium bisulphate Sodium bisulphite Sodium carbonate Sodium chlorate Sodium chloride Sodium hypochlorite Sodium sulphate Stannous chloride ~~!$~:ic acid (10%) Sulphuric acid (50%) Tartaric acid (30%) Trichloroacetic acid (20%) Zinc chlorrde Zinc sulphate

has

limited

resistance

Cycloheranol Gasoline (high aromatic) Hydrochloric acid (cont.) M~RLOW is not Acetaldehyde Acetic acid Acetone Acrylonitrile Ammonium ;;nyz;$rn resistant

(cont.)

fluoride sulfide

Benzoic acid Benzyl alcohol Bromobenzene Butyric acid Carbon tetrachloride Carbon drsulfide Carbolic acid Caustic potash solution (5%) Caustic soda solution (5%) Chlorobenzene Cycle hexanone Cyclohexene Dimethyl formamrde

Ethane tetrachloride Ethylamine Ethyl ether Ethylene chlorohydrin Formic acid (cont.) Freon* (refrigerant & propellant) Nitrobenzene ;;t;o;fllulose lacquer Phosphorous hydroxy chloride Phosphorous trichloride Propionic acid 5$cJr~n~ sulfide Sulfuryl chloride Tetrahydronaphthalene ;f$.x$~ne Xylene Freon 113, temperature. which may be used on

lDupont
unstressed MEaLon

trademark, MERLON

except at room by:

is dissolved

Materials Mineral heating zvtse$water $$ar~il Orange jurce Orange peel Paraffin oil pepper Rapeseed 011 Rum Salad oil Salt solution (10%) Soap (soft and hard) Table vinegar Tincture of iodine (5%) Tomato concentrate Tomato juice Turpentine Vodka ;;&ng soap Wine oil

Chloroform Cresol Dioxane

Ethylene Methylene Pyridine

dichloride chloride

Dimensional
Water A$sorption
n

Change

vs. Per Cent Water Absorption

DimenGo,~nChartge Conditions

oil

%z!
Detergents (nonionic Fish 011 Floor polish Fruit syrup Glaziers putty Grapefruit iuice gc”p”s;f~tt peel Ink Insulating tape Linseed oil Linseed oil standard and anionic)

I
I
MERLON

0.0

0.0008
0.0013

0.0003

50% Room Boiling

R.H. Temp Water

Samples

Aged in Hot Water for 6 Months

(212’F)

varnish

Original

Dimension (Inches) 1.3373 1.3374 0.8735

Dimension after 6 months immersion (Inches) 1.3382 1.3390 0.8740

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

107

TABLE 1.28:

POLYESTER

ENGINEERING

RESIN-DART

INDUSTRIES

XYDARM RESINS
CHEMICAL TENSILE STRENGTH AND ELONGATION RESISTANCE BEFORE AND AFTER EXPOSURE(*) XYDAR.

Original Value 60% RH (5 wks. @ Rm. Temp.) Water (200 Hrs. @ llO°C) Water (30 days @ 82'C) Acetic Acid (1 week @ reflux) Ethyl Acetate (1 week @ reflUX) Bleach (1 month @ 5O'C) Brake Fluid (1 month @ 50°C) 10% NaOH (1 month @ 5O'C) Transmission Fluid (1 month @ 50°Cl Motor Oil (1 month @ 5O'C) Skydrol (2 weeks @ 71'C) Antifreeze (1 month @ 5O'Cl 20% ~~S04 (1 month @ 50°C) 37% ~~S04 (1 week @ 50°C) 100% H2S04 (1 week @ 5O'C) 20% HCl (1 month at 50°C) 70% HNO~ (11 days @ Rm. Temp.) Gasoline (Leaded) (1 month @ 50°C) MEK (1 week @ reflux) Isopropyl Alcohol (1 week @ reflux) JP-4 (1 month @ 5O“C) Detergent (1 month 4 5O'Cl Trichloroethylene (1 week @ 5O'C) (*l % Decrease in tensile 30%; D = >30%. strength

XYDAR- SRT-300 Tensile Elong Rating (%l_ (psi) 16810 4.9 16900 A 3.0 13770 B 4.9 15900 A 3.3 17290 A 3.9 16290 A 3.1 16640 A 3.9 16390 A 3.8 16010 A 3.4 17320 A 3.6 17090 A 4.7 17940 A 3.9 17990 A 4.2 17230 A 3.9 15600 A 3.2 ----Disintegrated---16520 A 3.6 16400 A 2.8 16840 A 4.3 16200 A 3.2 17680 A 4.4 16860 A 5.1 17800 A 5.1 19000 A 4.0 after exposure

Tensile (psi) 17730 17000 13380 17100 15420 18160 16920 17540 16490 17220 17580 17280 17700 17600 11080 17410 16840 18150 19420 17030 16840 19900

SRT-500 Elong.

Racing
A C

(%C
4.8 3.1 4.2 3.4 3.2 4.0 3.1 3.8 3.3 4.0 4.6 3.7 2.8 3.8 3.6 3.5 4.9 5.4 6.0 4.8 4.9 4.1

A

B A A A A A A A A A D A A A A A A A

- A = 0 to 10%; B = 11 to 20%; C = 21 to

108

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.29:

POLYESTER

LAMINATES-HAYSITE

REINFORCED

PLASTICS

HCR-191 is a chemical resistant polyester laminate produced by the match metal molding of fiberglass mat, inert fillers and HETRON@ 197 resin. HCR-191 laminate when compared to other corrosive resistant materials offers excellent weight to strength ratio (specific gravity of HCR-191-1.9 . . stainless steel-8.0) and ease of handling and fabrication. HCR-196 is a chemical resistant polyester laminate produced by the match metal fillers and DERAKANEB470 resin. The DERAKANEB470 is a vinyl ester resin. HCR-197 is a chemical resistant polyester laminate produced by the match fillers and ATLAC 382 resin. The ATLAC 382 system is bisphenol A fumarate molding of fiberglass mat, inert

metal molding resin.

of fiberglass

mat,

inert

CHEMICAL
Materials Acetlc Acid Acetic Acid Acetlc Acid. Glaclai Acetlc Acid. Vapor 8 C :ondensate Acetophenone Aluminum Tnchlonde Aiumlnum Fluonde 2.Ammoethanol Ammoma Aqulous Ammomum Chlonde Ammomum Fluonde Ammomum Hydroxide Ammomum Nltrate Ammowm Persulfate Ammomum Phosphate, Monobasic Ammorwm Salt of Pnmary Alcohol Glycol Ether Sulfate Ammomum Sulfate Ammomum Thiosulfate Amy1 Acetate Amy1 Alcohol AnlIme Antimony Pentachlonde Antimony. Tnchlonde Antimony. Tnchlonde Banum Carbonate Banum Chlonde Benzene Benzene Disulfonic Acid Benzene, Sulfontc Acid Benzolc Acid Bromme, Dry Gas Butyl Acetate Butyl Carixtol Butyl Phthalate Butyric Acid Calwm Chlorate Calcium Chloride Calccum Sulfate Caprylic Acid Carbon Dioxide Carbon Tetrachlonde Chlorine Gas, Dry Chlonne Gas,Wet Chlorofluocarbon % 25 10 100 25 100 40 100 100 28 45 40 20 45 25-100 65 100 60 60 100 100 100 100 50 100 100 100 100 100 25 100 100 100 100 100 20 All All 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

RESISTANCE Test
ReSUI1S’ S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S F. 210 65-95 100 180 75 210 75 05 80 200 150 150 200 150 225 100 250 100 75 200 125 75 200 75 250 250 75 194 200 250 75 75 85 100 200 250 250 250 140 250 120-122 ‘40 220 158

DATA OF HEIRONe
Materials

197
Concentration % Temp. F. 140 150 250 250 140 100 75 75 100 100 85 80 120 80 150 75 200 250 250 250 150 194 250 120 230 392 250 250 250 200 85 75 250 200 125 80 80 100 122 75 00 100 300-310 160 250 Test Results’ S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Concentration Temp.

s
S S S S

32 Chromic Acid Sat Chromous Sulfate All Copper Chloride All Copper Cyamde Sat Copper Nltrate 100 Dtbuty Phthalate 100 Diesel Fuel 1iW DIethanoI Amme 100 Dlethyl Sulfate 100 Dlethylene Gycol Dlethylene Gycol N-butyl Ether 100 100 Dilsobutyl Phthalate 100 Dodecene. trace WI Sat Ethyl Acetoacetate Ethyl Alcohol o-95 Ethyl Chlonde 100 Ethylene Chlorohydnn 100 Femc Chlonde 100 Fernc Nttrate 100 Ferrous Sulfate 100 37-44 Formaldehyde Gasoltne 100 Glycenne o-75 100 Heptane. Vapor 8 Condensate Hydrochlonc Acid O-20 Hydrogen Chlonde Gas 100 Lead Acetate All Magnestum Carbonate TM) Mercury 100 35% So Vapor Nitric Acid Perchlonc Acid O-72 Stanmc Chlonde 100 Steanc Acid 100 Sulfunc Actid O-50 Tetrapotassium Pyropl losphate 60 1.l .l-Tnchloroethane 100 100 Trimethyl Carbinol 100 Tnphenyl Phosphite 100 Trisodium Phosphate O-50 Urotroptne 28 Xylene 100 21nc Chlonde 70 Zinc Hydrosulfite Sat. Zinc Sulfate All

S
S S S S 3 S S S S S S S S S

S
S

‘Note: S -

Satisfactory

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

109

TABLE

1.29:

POLYESTER

LAMINATES-HAYSITE

REINFORCED

PLASTICS

(continued)

Chemical Resistance of Dow DERAKANE
MAXIMUM SERVICE TEMPERATURE VS CHEMICAL

470 Resin

ENVIRONMENT

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Acebc Acld Acebc Acld Acetlc AnhydrIde Acetone Ac,d Cleaner hydrochloric acld Acrykc Acid Ally1 Chloride Alkyl Benzene Sulfow Acld Alummum Chlonde Alummum Chlorohydroxld.? Aiummum Nitrate Alum~nw” Sulfate Ammo”,um Chlortde Ammonun Phosphate. dlbaslc Ammomum Thlocyanate Ammonium Thwxulfate Barlum Sulfate Benzaldehyde Benzene Benzene, Ethyl Benzene Basulflte I” Scrubber Black Liquor recovery

CONCENTRATION % 25 50 100 10 _ 25 A,, 92 All 50 10 All All 65 50 60 A,, 100 100 I/32/3 Gases _

MAXIMUM F/“C
210199

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Dethano, Amine Dlethylene Glycol Dwobuty Phthalate Ethanol Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Benzene Benzene Ethylene Chlorohydrln Erhy, Sulfate Femc Chloride Hydrochloric Acld Formic Acid GaSOllne HeptZl”e Hydrobromlc Acld Hydrochlonc Acld ,sopropy, Myrlstate Jet Fuel (JP-4) Lead Acetate M&c Acld Morphollne Naphtha N,tr,c Acid Oxakc Acld Phenol S”,fo”,c Acid Pla,l”“m Piatlng Solution Propvavc Acld Sodium Chromate Sodlum Hydronde Sod,“m Lauryl Sulfate Stvrene 80 F Bath

CONCENTRATION % 30 100 100 95 All 213 l/3 100 100 29 185 All 100 100 62 37 _ A,, 100 100 40 Ali 65 100 50 10 Ail 100 _ 75 Ail _ 70 Al,

MAXIMUM ‘FI”C 120149 210199 150/65 100138 W/38 120149 100/38 100138

31”.

180/82 loo/38 180/82 190188 100138 80127 120149 2501121 210199 180182 2501121 210/99 210199 100138 100/38 250,121 70/21 100138 100/38 350,177 3501177 200193 210/99 210/99 120149 210/99 180182 250/121 2501121 150165 150165 200/93

1

Bow Acld’ Brine Butrylc Acid Capryl~c Acid Carbon Tetrachlortde Chlonne dry gas Chlorine. wet gas Chloroacetlc Aod Chromic Acid Copper Matte Dtpping Bath 3O”o FeCI3. 19% Hydrochloric

100 All A,, 100 A,, 100 100 100 50 20 _

/1)

_,
Transformer 011s Z,nc Chloride Zinc Sulfate

180182 100/38 180/82 210199 100138 180/82 2301110 180/82 230/110 2501121 80127 210199 80127 210199 80127 180182 100138 210199 180182 160171 120149 3001149 100138 100138 3001149 3101154 2501121

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF ATLAC

382

The data below represknt the current knowledge of corrosive envlronmental conditions which Atlac 382 blsphenol A fumarate resin will withstand when properly used In relnforced olastlc laminates:
CHEMICAL Acetic Aad Acetic Acid Acetic Acld Ammonium Hydroxide Ammomum Chloride Ammonum Sulfate Amvl Alcohol B&l Alcohol C&urn Chloride Calaum Sulfate Chlonne Dlox,de Chlorme Dry Chlorme Wet Chloroacetlc Acld Chloroacetu Acld Chromic Acad Ethyl Alcohol Ethylene Glycol Ferric Sulfate Ferrous Nltrate Fluos~luc Aod Gylcerm Hydrochlonc Acld Hydrochloric Aad Hydrochlonc Acld Hydrogen Peroxtde Hypochlorous Acld Lactic Acid CONCENTRATION %
10

MAXIMUM OF 220 220 140 140 220 220 220
180

CHEMICAL Magnesum Sulfate Metal Plating Solubon Methyl Alcohol Napthalene N,tr,c Acld N,tr,c Ac,d Perchlorlc Acld Phosphoric Acld Potassum Carbonate Potassum Carbonate Potassium Hydroxide Scdlum Blcdrbonate Sodurn Carbonate S&urn Carbonate Sodium Chlonde ?&&urn Hydroxade Sodium Hydroxide Sodurn Hvdroxlde Sodurn H&chlor& Sullonated Detergents Sulfur Dloxlde Drv Sulfur Dloxlde, Wet Sulfunc Acld Sulfwc Acid Sulfunc Ac,d Trtchloroacetlc Acld Zinc Chloride

CONCENTRATION %
All

MAXIMUM OF 220 180 140 220 200 80 160 220 140 100 160 180 140 80 220 220 180 80 180 160 220 220 220 220 160 220 220

25 50 20 All 20 All All A,, All 5 _ _ 25 50 5 All A,, All All 10 too 10 20 37 30 20 All

220 220 220 220 220 220 140 200 180 220 220 220 80 220 220 160 160 160 220 220

loo All 100 5 20 10 50 10 25 10 10 10 25 A,, 5 10 25 15 100 _ _ 25 50 70 50 A,,

110

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.30:

POLYETHER

BLOCK

AMIDES-RILSAN

PEBAX is ATOCHEM’s registered trade name for a family of polymers known as polyether block amides (PEBA). The structure of all PEBAX products comprises linear and regular chains of rigid polyamide segments and flexible polyether segments. In addition to their copolymeric structure, the various grades of PEBAX show other original characteristics: very wide range of flexibility; absence of any plasticizer; excellent impact resistance, even at low temperatures; little variation in flexibility between -40°C and +8O”C; low density; very high elastic memory; excellent mechanical properties; and good chemical resistance.

Chemical

Resistance
Change Change Chonge

of PEBAX
in stress I” volume ,n elongation

Polymers
ot break in %

ot break m % m %

Chemicals

Test
Time Temperatures 0 - 15 - II -;2

5533 SN 00 0 - 20 - 20 -32 + + + + + 0 1.2 1.2 1.5 1 1,2

T
0
+ 7 5

4033SNOO
T

3533 SN 00

SulphuracAcid. 100/O Sc&m Hydroxade. 10% Z,nc Chloride. 509’0 Water Bo,lmg Writer

7 days/23 “C I. ,. ,. 7 days/100 oc 7 days/l21

- 24 - 64 DiSSoiVeS

I
I

Lockheed H 55 Skydrol

I
ASTM No I 011 3 days/IQ3 oc 7 days1121 “C 3 days/ 100 “C 7 days1121 oc 7 days/95 OC 7 days/79 OC

I 0

I 0

I + + 4.7 1.8 - 14 47

ASTM No 3 011

SKIP Detergent 30 g/l Potasswm 34O Boume

0 0

12.5 0

+ 2.4 + 1.5

- 12.5 20

I

Lrxkheed H 55 Skydrol
ASTM No 1 01

3 dqs/lcn 7 dqS/l21

oc oc

- 55 - 92 -50 - 49

+ 17.7 + 40 + 135 + 51

ASTM No 3 011

3 doys/lLm oc 7 days/l21 DC 7 days/95 =‘C 7 days/79 “C

SKIP Detergent 30 g/l Potosrlum 34’ Baume

Chemicals

Tests Time Temperatures

5533 SN 00

4033 SN 00

3533 SN 00

2533 SNOO

6312 MN00

5512 MN00

I

Ethanol Propnol Butanol

_

I

7 do&23

OC

1

+ 7 + 21 + 31 +fJ.5 + I8 + 32 + + 16 5

~+27~+45~+60~+22~+33~ + 30 + 54 + 54 + 51 + 128 + 405 + 9 + 44 + 64 + 27 + 15 + 21 + 110 _ + 48 + 26 + 28 + 110 _ +A8 + 26

+ 20 + 25 0 + 3.5 _ +5 + j.5

+ 32 + 37 0 14

lsooctane loo OCtonepetrol M 15 luel Kerosene Poraffm

7 days/23 OC 2 days/50 OC 7 days/23 OC

f

_

+74 + 2:6

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

111

TABLE 1.30:

POLYETHER

BLOCK AMIDES-RILSAN

(continued)

Tests
Chemicals Time Temperature

5533 SN 00

4033 SN 00

3533 SN 00

2533 SNOO

6312 MN00

5512 MN00

0 7 days/23 2 days/50 2 days/50 OC OC “C +a + 21 t 27

0 tt3 + 41 t 41

0

0

0

0.

ASTM Fuel B ASTM Fuel C Benzene ACHOW Me?h leth

+ 33 + 4.2

I ketone

t 60 t 42 + 4.5

t 182 + 45 t 4,5

t t t

210 a n,5

t 12 +a +4,5

t 22 + 45 +a

TABLE 1.31:

POLYETHYLENE-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

PRODUCTS

Two-inch diameter by ‘/s-inch thick disks injection molded from a 0.918 density TENITE Polyethylene formulation were immersed in the chemicals listed in the tabulation and stored under a constant temperature of 73OF for one year. The disks were weighed and measured at the beginning of the test period and again at the end. The percent change in weight and thickness was calculated for each chemical at the end of the test. The change in appearance was also noted. Chemical resistance of polyethylene is density related-improving with increasing density. Therefore, the lowest density formulation of the TENITE Polyethylene family was tested to represent the greatest change that would be expected from contact with the various chemicals.

The Effect of Various Chemicals on TENITE@ Polyethylene (Exposure:

One Year)
K Change In Thickness 0.2 00 -01 01 0.6 14 05 00 00 00 00 0.0 0.0 -01 00 -01 2.9 3.3 0.0 00 31 Appearance NO change No change No change No change No change Yellowed No change No change No change No change No change No change NO change No change No change No change Swollen Swollen No change No change Swollen

%Change
Chemical ‘Acetone Acellc Acid Ammomum Weigh! 1.2 5% Hydroxide 08 10% 0.0 41 00 36.6 37.9 25 1 10% 00 0.1 00 2.6 6.9 Ether 0.0 0.3 0.1 13.5 15 1 0.0 00 10.0

In Appearance No change No change No change No change No change Swollen Swolien Swollen and warped Chemical Hydrochloric Hydrogen Methanol Acid PeroxIde 59~ 10% 30%

Thickness 0.2 00 00 08 01 7.7 4.3 2.6 0.0 01 00 0.6 09 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.2 3.0 0.0 03 2.5

Welghc -02 00 0.0 00 05 ) 48 24 0.3 02 10% 2% lOoa 1% Solution 5% 00 00 01 00 0.0 00 00 15 1 14.5 00 0.2 15.4

“Butyl Acetate Calcium Chloride “Carbon ‘Carbon Dlsulflde Tetrachlonde

2-“_0%

‘Methanol 100% “Motor 011 Nltrtc ‘*Oleic Acid Acid (COW

‘Chloroform ‘C,trlc Acld “Ethanol

No change No change No change No change Swollen No change No change No change Swollen, Pink Swollen No change No change Swollen

vmOlli,e 011 -‘Phenol 5% Sooturn Sodium Sodium Sodwm Sodium Sulfwc Chloride Carbonate Hydroxide tiydrowde Hypochlorlte Acid 30% 3%

5040

‘Ethanol 95% “Ethyl Acetate ‘Ethylene ‘Ethylene “Ethylene “Formaldehyde “Gasolme “Gasolme ‘Glycerme ‘Green ‘Heptane Soap Solution Dlchlorlde Glycol Glycoi (Regular) (Awatlon) Monoethyl 35%

Sulfuric Actd “Toluene ‘Turpentme Water “Wesson “Xyiene Oil

‘Listed as a stress-cracking agent. “Believed likely to be a stress-cracking

agent, but not tested for this characteristic.

112

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.32:

P~LYET~~YI_ENM~IMoNT

1900 UHMW Polymer is an ultrahigh molecular weight, high density polyethylene resin having a molecular weight range between 3 and 6 million. The extraordinary wear properties of parts manufactured from 1900 UHMW Polymer result in superior replacement parts or long-performance components on original equipment. Used either way, they offer outstanding resistance to impact, abrasion, and chemicals, plus high energy absorption and self-lubricating properties.

Test

pieces,

0.040

x 1 x 2

inches,

immersed

in

reagent from

under reagent

conditions and wiping

given: dry.

Appearance

and weight

change

reported

on removal

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

713

TABLE 1.33:

POLYETHYLENE-LINED SCIENTIFICS INC.

ETHYLENE-VINYL

ACETATE

TUBING-THERMOPLASTIC

BEV-A-LINE, translucent, tate shell and a polyethylene
The shell excels in durability A-LINEIV retains flexibility from -60” to 200°F.

flexible liner.

tubing for purity systems, combines two tubings Liner and shell are merged by a patented extrusion

in one: an ethylene process.

vinyl

ace-

with superior at temperatures

aging characteristics. Tubing burst strength surpasses that from -60” to 160°F and BEV-A-LINE V HT withstands

of PVC. BEVtemperatures

The liner is ideal for use where purity must be maintained and good resistance to alcohols, acids, caustics and solvents is required. This tubing will resist stress-cracking. Its inert and neutral contact surface provides a stable environment in which the pH of the content is essentially maintained. The interior is exceptionally resistant to stains and it resists absorption of liquids, stays translucent and cleans easily.

Chemical and Environmental Properties of BEV-A-LINE
Chemical or Solvent Concentration lo?& COK 103% Dilute CO”C CO”C CO”C 521 d Sa’ d Sa’ ‘2 Sa’ d Sa’ d 100% 1 00% 1 00% Sa, d 100% Sa’ d Sal d Sa’ d Sa’ d 100% Sa! d Sa’ d CO”C Dlill:E 100% 60% 10% Sa! d Sat d Sa! d Bleach sot n Sal d Sa! d 100% 50% Sa’ 0 Sa! d Sal d Dilute 100% 100% 100% 100% Sat d Sa’ d EV-A-LINE IV Outer Shell’ __-i, S Cl 5 S S s s S S S s U U 0 S S S S S 5 u 0 S S S S s S S S S S S S U U S S S S U U U S S S S S 0 U S S U U 0 0 S S S IS = satlafacfory (no attack) 0 = sflghf &tack U = unsatisfactory

--__
B-IV _iner

IV and V HT Liner and Shell at Room Temperature (73“F)
Chemical L:uCtoSf Sa!lrc Acid G’yCeWe Glycol~c AC<? Hepiane Hydrobronlc Acid or Solvent

B-V Liner

ConccntratiooBEV-A-LINE Outer Shell’
52 d Sa’ 0 ‘OO’C 30% 1004. 50% CO”C 31 1% 309” 90% 100% Sal d Sa* d Sa: d Sat d Sa! d Sat d Sa’ d Sa: d 100% 100% 100% Sat 0 CO”C Sal d 30.50% C0”C Sal d 85?0 1% Sa! d 1% 10% Sat d CO”C Sal d 40% Sat d 20% Sat d Sal d 20% CO”C CO”C 100% Sa! d Sal d COIX Cone Sal d 50% CO”C 70% 98% 100%

IV

S-IV Liner 5 5 S c L 5 c S S 5 S S S S S S S S S .I 0 S s 5 S S S 0 S S S S 3 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 0 i: U U U U S

7-

B-V LItlet __ c S c S 0 S S S S S S S S S S 5 S S S 0 S S S s S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 0 0 S S shell

Ace:aloa”+de A-E’ c Acid (Glacial) ACelOW Alumnurr Chloride Al~mi”um Hya’oxlde Al!,rr,rurr~ Sul’a!e Ammo”;un~ Carbowale Ammonwm Chlor,ae Ammon~u~,Ntlrafe Ammonium Persulla?a Ammowm Suliare Ammonlurr TWxyanate Amyl Ace:ate Amyl Chloride A”lll”e Antimony Chloride Arsenic Acid Bawm Carbonate Bawm Chior!de BarNurn Hydroxide Barturn Sulfa!e Benzene Benzo~c Acid Borax Botlc Acid Bow Acid Butanediol Bu:a”edlol Butanedzol Calcwm Calcium Calcium Calcium Calcium Calwm Carbonate Chlwde Hydroxide Hypochlorw NItrate Sulfate

0 0
II S S S S S

s
S

s
s
S

t

s
S S S S S

s

u
0 S S S S S S S S S S S

I /

s

S S U S S S S S S S U s S S S S S S S S S S

s

s
S S

hidroger

Pcroxde

s
S

u

Laclic Acid La:ex Lead AceWe Magnesium Carbonate Magnewm Magnesium Magnesluv Chlortde Hydroxide Nitra:e

s : s

s : s
I

S S S
1

Magnewm SLllfa!e Male~c Acid Me’curIc Chloi~oe Melhylene Chloride MIneral 011 Naphtha Nickel Chloride Nickel Nttrate Nickel Sulfate N,cotlnlc Acid NI!W Acid 01.x Acid Oxalic Acid Pnosphorlc Acid PICK Acid Po!assium Poiassium Pcxass~um PoiassiuV Po!aswm Po!asswm Potassun Po:asswr Polaswm Polasswm Po’asslum Polassu~ Puassium Potaswm Propylene Blcarbow!e Boraie Broma!e Bromide Carbonate Chloride Dlchromale Ferrtcyaplde Hydroxide N!tra!e Perchloiale Permangdnale Sulfate Sul!tte Glycol

s
0 0 S
S S S

s s
S S

:

s s
s
S

100%

0

s s
S

S
S S S

S S 0 S S
S

Castor Oil Chromic Acid C~lric Ac!d Copper Copper Chloride N~!r.ale

S S S S S S S S S II U S S S S S 0 0 S S 0 U S S S S S

S
S S

I s
s /
i

s s
S

S
S S S S U S S S S S S S S S S U U u u U u U S V HT

CoDpe’ Sulfaw Cottonseed 011 CresOl Cyclohexane Cyclohexanol Dexwl DeXtKJse D6odlu-m Phosphate Dlethylene Glycol D~octyl Phthalale Ethyl Ace!& Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Alconol Ethyl Buryrate Ethyl Ether Fer”c Chloride Femc Nl!ra!e Few Sulfate Ferrous Chloride Formaldehyde

S

S
s
S

s
S 5 i

100% 100% 100%
100% 35% 100% 100% Sa! d Sal d Sal d Sal d 40%

Sat d

!
i

s
s
S g

SI~ICIC Acid Sodium Blcarbonale Sodium Borate Sodium Carbora!e Sodwm Sodurn Sodwm Sulfuw Sul:ur!c Chloride Hydw.!de Sulfaw Acid Acid

i
!

s s

s I s I s

I

/ : / s
I
7O’F = 21°C

Tetrahydroturan roluene le!rachloroethyle”e rnchloroethylene Kylene 7.1-c Sulfate ‘For chemvzal reststance

100%
100%

100%
100% S&d charactenstlcs Sclentiflcs. Inc.

i

of Bev-A-Ltne

outer

contact

Thermoplastic

114

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.34:

POLYETHYLENE

RESINS-U.S.I.

CHEMICALS

PETROTHENE density appear marked. There density may be

resins are available across the entire range of polyethylene densities 0.91 to 0.96. The variations in very small, but the effect of even a very small change in density on certain essential properties is very are many applications for which resins of higher density and many others for which those of lower preferable. The three density ranges of polyethylene are: Low density Medium density High density (linear) Chemical Resistance of Low and Medium Density 0.910-0.925 0.926-0.940 0.941-0.965 Polyethylene g/cc g/cc g/cc Reagents

to Various

Reagent Acetaldehyde Acetic Acid’ Acetic Acid’ Acetic Acid’ Acetic Anhydride Acetone Acrylic Emulsions’ Ally1 Alcohol Ally1 Chloride Aluminum Chloride Alummum Chloride Alummum Fluoride Aluminum Sulfate Alums tall typesl Ammonia, 100% Ammonium Carbonate Ammonium Chloride Ammonium Fluoride Ammonium Hydroxide Ammonium Metaphosphate Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium Persulfate Ammonium Sulfate Ammonium Sulfide Ammonium Thiocyanatc Amy1Acetate Amyl Alcohol’ Amy1Chloride Aniline* Aniline Hydrochloride Antimony Chloride Aqua Regia Arsenic Acid Barium Carbonate Sariurn Chloride barium Hydroxide Barium Sulfate Barium Sulfide Beer 6enzenc Benzene Sulfonic Acid’ Benzoic Acid Bismuth Carbonate Slack Liquor @leach lye Soras Soric Acid Boric Acid Bromic Acid Bromine Liquid Bromine Water Butanediol’ Butanediol* Sutanediol’ Butyl Alcohol Butyric Acid Calcium Bisulfide

Concen

tration 1 1 i I I

gjTz=
I , I I
Calcium Carbonate Calcium Chlorate Calcium Chloride Calcium Hydroxide Calcium Hypochlorite Calcium Nitrate Calcium Sulfate Camphor Oil Carbon Dioxide Carbon Dioxide Carbon Dioxide Carbon Oisulfide Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachloride Carbonic Acid Castor Oil’ Chloracetic Acid Chlorine Dry Gas Chlorine Moist Gas Chlorine Liquid Chlorine Water Chlorobenzent Chloroform Chlorosulfonic Acid Chrome Alum Chromic Acid Chromic Acid Chromic Acid & Sulfuric Acid’ Cider’ Citric Acid’ Coconut Oil Alcohols’ Cola Concentrates’ Copper Chloride Copper Cyanide Copper Fluoride Copper Nitrate Copper Sulfate Copper Sulfate Cottonseed Oil’ Cresol Cresylic Acid Cuprous Chloride Cyclohexanol’ Cyclohexanone Detergents, Synthetic* Developers, Photographic Oertrin Dextrose Dibutylphthalate Disodium Phosphate Oiazo Salts Oiethylene Glycol’ Diglycolic Acid’ Dimethylamine Dioctyl Phthalate Emulsions, Photographic’

Conccn.
tram

‘1
7 t ,

Concen-

ry L
II

100% 1.10% IO-SO% 80.IDO’X

Sat’d. Sat-d. Sat’d. Bleach Sot? SO%

$

! ! U I s uI S U S S U 0 0 U S U U U S S S s S s s : f E 5

Dilute Cone. Cont. Cont. Cont. Dry Gas Sat’d. 20% 0,880 s.g Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. 100% 100% 100% 100% Sat’d.

100% dry 100% wet Cold Sat’d.

:

Cont. 100% 100%

_..I S S S S S S SU S S S U s U :S S Iu
I

tration 100% 100% 35%

I

p’ ’ .tC’ f
IS s U U U u U U S S s S S S S U s , 0 s s s 5 S

( 4 ! a , ! I s I
1 S 1

I% Sat’d. So

100% Sat’d. 20% up to SO%

i S !i

I! Iu 3 IJ IJ IJ < i

Sat’d.

100% Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d.

: : : : S S S S : : S U U S S : U S

Sat’d. Sat’d. 2% SaYd. Dilute Sat’d. 100% 50% Sat’d.

b C d1 1 S 5, 51 s S
: S S S UI s” S U S

All Cont. Sat’d. 10% Cold Sat’d. Dilute 10% 100% 10% 60% 100% 100% Cont.

i i I i i , I i

Sat’d. Sat’d.

s” S s” S S S : S

Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Alcohol’ Ethyl Alcohol* Ethyl Butyrate Ethyl Chloride Ethyl Ether Ethylene Chloride Ethylene Chlorohydrin Ethylene Dichloride Ethylene Glycol’ Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferrous Chloride Ferrous Sulfate fish Solubles’ fluoboric Acid Fluorine fluosilicic Acid fluosilicic Acid Formaldehyde’ Formic Acid’ Formic Acid’ Formic Acid’ Fructose Fruit Pulp Fuel Oil Furfural Furfuryl Alcohol Gallic Acid’ Gasoline Gin Glucose Glycerine’ Glycol” Glycolic Acid’ Grape Sugar Heptane Hexanol. Tert: Hydrobromic Acid Hydrocyanic Acid Hydrochloric Acid Hydrochloric Acid Hydrochloric Acid Hydrochloric Acid Hydroftuoric Acid Hydrofluoric Acid Hydrofluoric Acid Hydrogen Hydrogen Bromide Hydrogen Chloride Gas Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Phosphide Hydrogen Sulfide Hydroquinone Hypochlorous &id Inhs’ Iodine tin KI Sol’n.)

7 I 5 ,j (1 1I 1I 1I 1I !, s1 s, : S S S S S S S S S S S 0 U U S U U S S S S S U S S : s” S s” S : S ! S S : s

II

Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d.

32% Cont. 40% O-20% 20.50% 100% Sat-d.

100% Sat’d.

j IJ tJ IJ c i
J

30% Sard. Aq.

I1 ‘> < , < b 5 s
1I S s s s S S S S S D S S S 0 U S S S S S U

50% Sat’d. 10% 30% 35% Cont. 40% 60% 75% 100% 10% 3Z 93% lW%

Corn. Cont.

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

115

TABLE 1.34:

POLYETHYLENE

RESINS-U.S.I.

CHEMICALS

(continued)

‘-

Reagent
Lactic Acid’ Lactic Acid’ Latex* Lead Acetate Lead T&a-Ethyl Linseed Oil Lube Oil Magnesium Carbonate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Hydroxide Magnesium Nitrate Magnesium Sulfate Maleic Acid Mercuric Chloride Mercuric Cyanide Mercurous Nitrate Mercury Methyl Alcohol’ Methyl Bromide Methyl Chloride Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methylene Chloride Methylsulfuric Acid’ Milk Mineral Oils Molasses Naphtha Naphthalene Nickel Chloride Nickel Nitrate Nickel Sulfate Nicotine* Nicotinie Acid’ Nitric Acid Nitric Acid Nitric Acid Nitric Acid Nrtrobenzena Ocfyl Cresol Oils and Fats Oleic Acid Oleum Orange htract Oxalic Acid’ Oxalic Acid’ Oxygen Ozone Perchioric Acid Petroleum Ether Phenol Phosphoric kid Phosphoric Acid Phosphoric Acid Phosphorus (Yellow1 Phosphorus Pentoxide Phosphorus Trichlorida Photographic Solutions

400
F II
I

Reagent Pickling Baths Hydrochloric kid’ Sulfuric Acid’ Sulfuric-Nitric* Picric kid’ Plating Solutions Brass” Cadmium’ Chromium* Copper’ Gold* Indium’ Lead’ Nickel’ Rhodium* Silver’ Tin* Zinc’ Potassium Bicarbonate Potassium Borate Potassium Bromata Potassium Bromide. Potassium Carbonate Potassium Chlorate Potassium Chloride Potassium Chromate Potassium Cyanide Potassium Oichmmate Potassium Farril ferro Cyanide Potassium Fluoride Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Nitrate Potassium Parborate Potassium Parchlorate Potassium Permangamte Potassium Persulfate Potassium Sulfate Potassium Sulfide Potassium Sulfite Ropargyl Alcohol’ Propyl Alcohol’ Propylene Dichloride Propylene Glycol’ Rayon Coagulating Bath’ Sea Water Selenic Acid Shortening* Silicic Acid Silver Nitrate Sol’n. Soap Solution’ Sodium ketate Sodium Benzoate Sodium Bicarbonate

Conccn-

tration Sodium Elsulfate Sodium Bisulfita Sodium Borate Sodium Bromide Sodium Carbonate Sodium Chlorate Sodium Chloride Sodium Cyanide Sodium Dichromata Sodium Farricyanida Sodium Farrocyanide Sodium Fluoride Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Nitrate Sodium Sulfate Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfite Stannic Chloride Stannous Chloride Starch Solution’ Stearic Acid’ Sulfur Sulfur Dioxide Sulfur Dioxide Sulfur Trioxidc Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid, Fuming Sulfurous Acid Tallow lannic Acid’ Tanning Extracts’ Tartaric Acid Tartaric kid Tetrahydrofurane Titanium Tatrachloridc Toluena Transformer Oil Trichloroathylene Triethanolamine Trisodium Phosphate Turpentine Urea’ Urine Vinegar Vanilla Extract’ Wetting Agents* Whiskey* Wines Xylene Yeast Zinc Chloride Zinc Sulfate

Concen-

tration Safd S&d.

1t
F

3
3

S&d. 100%

1%

Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. S&d. 100%

U S S : S S S S s S s s S S S S s S S E 5

s”

Dil. S&n. Cont. Sat’d. S&d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Sat’d. Cent.

s s
S i

S i S : :
25% Sat’d. Sol’n. Sat’d Sat’d. Tat’d. Sof’n. Sat’d. 100% Colloidal Dry, 100% wet. 100% 0.50% 70% 80% 96% 18% LConcJ

:
S
S

100% lDG%

SaFd. 1% 10% S&d. Sagd. S&d. 40% SaYd. 40% Sat’d. 20% corm. Sat’d. SaFd. 10% 20% S&d. Cont. Cont. Cone.

Comm.

wd. Cont. Satd. Dilute 0.30% 30.50% 70% 9198% 100%

; E E i 5 I i i i i i i 1 i i i i , i i ; 1 , 1
O-some attack

S S S S S S S S S S S 0 3 :

S

S
0

S
10% Comm. 10% Sat’d. Sat’d. S S S J J J ; J i E S S S 5 i ; S I i i i

Cont. Cont. Dilute Sat’d. 100% 100% 10% 90% up to 30% 309D% 90% lW% 100% 100%

100%

100% Sat’d. rp to 30% Comm.

U U S 0 S S S U U U U U U u S U S S S S S

u u

Any Conc’n. Saw. 35%

s&d.

Sat’d. Sat’d.

7OCf = wc,

14w

= 60OC

Kay: S-satisfactory

U-unsatisfactory

*The values are obtained from tests made under static conditions and using nonstressed specimens. Reagents marked with an asterisk (“1 may, under certain conditions, cause environmental stress cracking if the polyethylene products are improperly designed or not made of the best suitable resins.

116

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook 1.35:

TABLE

POLYETHYLENE

TANK

MATERIAL-NALGE

The XL-200 D.O.T.-exempted mini-bulk tank is a reusable, lightweight 200 gal tank system for hazardous liquids. Rotationally molded of cross-linked high-density polyethylene (XLPE), the XL-200 has superior resistance to impact and stress-cracking and is compatible with a wide range of chemicals (see chemical resistance summary). It’s strong over a wide temperature range, from -20” to +16O”F (-29” to +71”C). Chemical Rcslstance Summary’ Class of Substances at 20°C Acids, dilute or weak Acids*‘, strong and concentrated Alcohols, Aliohatic Aldehydes Bases Esters Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic- Hydrocarbons, Halogen&d Ketones Oxidizing Agents, strong
l

Excellent -Excellent Excellent Good Excellent Good Good

_

Good Fair Good Fair

This Chemical Resistance Summary IS mrended as a genera/ guide only.

“Except for ox:dizmg acids; for oxidizing sods, see “Ox/d,z,ng Agents, strong. ”

TABLE

1.36:

POLYETHYLENE PRODUCTS

TEREPHTHALATE-BASED

COPOLYESTER-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

KODAR PETG Copolyester 6763 is a clear, amorphous polymer based on poly(ethylene terephthalate) and has a number average molecular weight (Mn) of about 26,000. To obtain the data shown below, sections of unstressed injection-molded tensile bars l/s inch (3.2 mm) thick were weighed and measured and immersed in the chemical or reagent shown and stored at 73°F (23°C) for a period of one year. At the end of the test period, each sample of plastic was removed from the jar in which it was tested, wiped dry, and quickly weighed and measured again and the to the test medium changes in weight and thickness were calculated. The appearance of the samr !e after exposure was also recorded. Ordinarily, a plastic would not be suggested for continuous immersion in a reagent that causes an increase of 5% or more in weight or thickness. This does not imply that a change in weight or thickness of less than 5% necessarily indicates suitability for immersion. The results of these tests showed that KODAR PETG Copolyester 6763 is resistant to a variety of chemicals, highmolecular-weight esters, aliphatic hydrocarbons, and dilute solutions of acids and salts. PETG 6763 was significantly affected by concentrated acetic acid, acetone, benzene, toluene, carbon tetrachloride, dimethyl formamide, and phenol and was completely deteriorated by concentrated nitric and sulfuric acids and by ethylene dichloride.

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

117

TABLE 1.36:

POLYETHYLENE PRODUCTS
Reagent

TEREPHTHALATE-BASED

COPOLYESTER-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

%Change’
Weight 0.5

,n

Thickness

I ! I ~ I
Dwolored Dwolored

Appearance of Plasrlc After Exposure Verv sllqht vellowmq and swollen (brown). swollen, rubber-like

Acettc Acid. 5%

1

A cct~c Acad. cone
Acetone Ammonum Hvdroxlde. cont. 10%

’ )

192 15.6

! / 1

0.2 18.5 234

A;r.:r:on~um HvdroxIde.

Turned white - outslde crumbling off ~--.___ DIscolored (pInkI - surface has blisters

Cttrlc Acid, 10% Cottcnseed 011 Detergent, Alconox Demnlzed Water Dlbutvl Dlmethvl Ethanol, Sebacate Formamlde I 21.9 05 06 !
(0

25%)

100% _ Ethanol, 50% Ethyl Acetate -___ Ethylene Dlchlortde Gasolme. High Test Gasoline, Regular Hexane Hvdrochlortc Hvdrochlorlc Acid, cont. Acid. 10%

I : / /

38.6 0.7

202 _ 1.3 0.8 01 11

I 05 / __-___ 24.5
_

/ ~ ’ ;
!

Badly discolored and dtstorted ____Very slight vellowlng

_~--~

Slight vellowng Badly dtscolored and swollen - rubber llke Completely Cloudy deteriorated -__ !n one week

___-

,

0.9

0.8 02 I 0.9 0.3 04 0.3 0.2

: ’ / / I j
/

-_____Sltght vellowmq .__L__ S!lght vellowlng Badly dlrcolored Slight veliowlng Sltqht vellowmg Sllqht yellowlnq Very slight vellowng _~___ Very sltght vellowng Very slight vellowlng. crazing - blisters under surface

_~._____

I / I I I !
I

0.2 0.6
04

1 Hydrogen PeroxIde, 28% 1 Hvdrogen PeroxIde. 3%

I / i ; ~
i

I I

lSOOctane
Kerosene Methyl Alcohol Mineral 011 Nltrlc Acid, cone Nltrlc Actd. 40% Nltrlc Acid. 10% 1 Oleic Acid, 83%

0.3 0.3 05 02

0.2 0.7
0.1

jvsllghtvellowlng

_
14

0.5
0.1

! : I
/

_
0.8 0.3 0.2 0.2 14.3

[ / / ’ 1 I ’ / ’ j
i

Completelv Turned%hlte

detertorated

after one week __-

Slight vellowng Verv shqht vellowinq Verv sltaht vellow~nq Turned black Slight vellowmg Slight vellowmg Sllqht vellow~ng Sllaht vellowina Sliaht vellowinq Slight vellowmg Shght vellowng Completely deteriorated in one week

I Olwe011
Phenol, 5% Soap Solution, -__ 1% 10%

I

I

02 13.2 0.5 0.3 0.4

I j I i I
i

I

0.2
01 0.2 0.4 6.4 0.2 0.6

Sodwm Chloride,

Sodturn Carbonate. 20% 1 Sodium Carbonate, 2% 1 Sodium Hvdroxlde. Sodwm Hydroxide, Sodium Hvpochlorite, Sulfurtic Acid, cont. Sulfuric Acid, 30% I Sulfuric Acid, 3% Transformer ‘Toluene Turpentine Oil 10% 1% 3.5%

I I

0.5 8.0 0.8 0.8

I
I

1 j
j

0.3 I 0.2 0.2 0.2 31.0 0.2
Sisn.

/ I I ’

/ Slight yellowing Slight vellowing Very sltght vellowng Turned white - rubber-llke Slight vellowng

I

0.5 0.4 25.9 0.3

I

l C!wtgesshown

were

increases

unkn

rhe/igure

h precede

b.v (I nfFtti

118

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.37:

POLYMETHYLPENTENE-WESTLAKE

PLASTICS

The high resistance of TPX (polymethylpentene) to chemical attack, combined with its excellent transparency and high temperature performance, makes it particularly suitable for a wide range of applications. TPX polymers are highly resistant to inorganic environments, are not attacked by aqueous solutions of inorganic salts nor by most mineral acids or alkalis even in a concentrated form. They are, however, affected by oxidizing reagents. TPX polymers show good resistance to many organic chemicals although, as with other polyolefins, absorption does occur in certain cases leading to a loss of rigidity and a decrease in yield stress. Tests on injection molded samples at 20°C (68OF) and 60°C (140°F) over a period of 3 months are listed and give an indication of the behavior in practice.

2o”c

60°C

2o”c

6O’C

Acetic acid (glacial) Acetic acid (dilute) Acetone Aluminum chloride Aluminum fluoride Aluminum sulfate Ammonia Ammonium carbonate Ammonium chloride Ammonium fluoride (20%) Ammonium hydroxide (10%) Ammonium nitrate Ammonium sulfate Ammonium sulfide Ammonium thiocyanate Amy1 acetate Amy1 alcohol Amy1 chloride Anisole Barium carbonate Barium chloride Barium hydroxide Barium sulfate Barium sulfide Beer Benzaldehyde Benzene Benzoic acid Benzyl alcohol Brake fluid Bromine liquid Bromine water Butylacetate Calcium carbonate Calcium chlorate Calcium chloride Calcium hydroxide Calcium hypochlorite Calcium nitrate Calcium phosphate Calcium sulfate Calcium sulfite Carbon dioxide Carbon tetrachloride Carbonic acid Chlorine water Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chromic acid

B A B A A A A A A A A A A A A B B C B A A A A A A A C A A A D D C A x A A A A A A A A c A D C C A

B A B A A A A A A A A A A A : C C C A A A A A A B C A A ; D C A A A A A A A A A A C A D C D A

Citric acid Copper chloride Copper cyanide Copper fluoride Copper nitrate Copper sulfate Corn oil Cuprous chloride Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone Decalin Diesel Oil Dimethyl formamide Dioctyl phthalate Ether Ethyl acetate Ethyl alcohol Ethyl oleate Ethylene glycol Ferric chloride Ferric nitrate Ferric sulfate Ferrous chloride Ferrous sulfate Fluosilic acid Formaldehyde Formic acid (100%) Fruit juices Gear box oil Gin Glycol Hexane Hydrochloric acid (50%) Hydrochloric acid (30%) Hydrochloric acid (20%) Hydrochloric acid (10%) Hydrofluoric acid (60%) Hydrogen peroxide (70%) Hydrogen peroxide (35%) Hydrogen peroxide ( 10%) Isopropyl alcohol (100%) Iodine in ethanol solution Lead acetate ( 100%) Lemon oil (concentrated) Linseed oil Lubricating oil Magnesium carbonate

A A A A A A A A A B C B A A C B A B A A A A A A A A A A A A A C A A A A A A A A A A A C A B A

A A A A A A A 4
B ” 6

D A A C C B C A A A A A A A A A A B A
A C

B A A A A B B A B A A C A C A

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

119

TABLE 1.37:

POLYMETHYLPENTENE-WESTLAKE

PLASTICS

(continued)

2o”c Magnesium chloride Magnesium hydroxide Magnesium nitrate Magnesium sulfate Magnesium sulfite Mercuric chloride Mercuric cyanide Mercurous nitrate Mercury Methyl alcohol Methyl ethyl ketone Methylene chloride Milk Mineral oil Motor oil Nickel nitrate Nickel sulfate Nitric acid (fuming) Nitric acid (70%) Nitric acid (50%) Nitric acid (10%) Nitrobenzene Oleum Olive oil Oxalic acid (50%) Paraffin ozone Paraffin wax Paraldehyde Petrol Petroleum ether Phenol Phosphoric acid (50%) Photographic developer Potassium bicarbonate Potassium bromide Potassium carbonate Potassium chlorate Potassium chloride Potassium chromate Potassium cyanide Potassium dichromate Potassium ferricyanide Potassium ferricyanide Potassium fluoride Potassium hydroxide Potassium nitrate Potassium perborate Potassium perchlorate Potassium permanganate Potassium sulfate Potassium sulfide Potassium sulfite Pyridine Resorcinol (saturated)
A

60°C A A A A A A A A B” B A B B A A D B A A B D A B A A C C C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A Rum Silicone oil Soap solution (concentrated) Sodium acetate Sodium bicarbonate Sodium bisulfite Sodium borate Sodium carbonate Sodium chlorate Sodium chloride Sodium chlorite (20%) Sodium cyanide Sodium dichromate Sodium ferricyanide Sodium ferrocyanide Sodium fluoride Sodium hydroxide (50%) Sodium hypochlorite Sodium nitrate Sodium nitrite Sodium silicate Sodium sulfate Sodium sulfide (25%) Sodium sulfite Stannic chloride Stannic sulfate Stannous chloride Sulphamic acid Sulfuric acid (98%) Sulfuric acid (60%) sulfuric acid (30%) Sulfuric acid ( 10%) Tannic acid Tartaric acid Tetrahydrofuran Toluene Transformer oil Trichloroacetic acid (10%) Trichloroethylene Turpentine Vaseline Vinegar Vodka Water Whisky White paraffin White spirit Wines Xylene Zinc chloride Zinc oxide Zinc sulfate A = B= C= D = Negligible effect Limited absorption or attack Extensive absorption Extensive attack

20°c A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A C C A A C C A A A A A A C A C A A A

60°C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A C C C A C C A A A A A B C A C A A A

A A A A A A A A A B A A A A A A D A A A A D A A A A B B C A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A li A A B A

120

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.38:

POLYPHENYLENE

SULFIDES-PHILLIPS

CHEMICAL

RYTON polyphenylene sulfide resins and compounds are engineering thermoplastics developed by Phillips Petroleum Company. Available in both molding and coating grades, these materials feature excellent dimensional stability, inherent flame retardancy, thermal stability, chemical resistance, desirable electrical properties and ease of processing. RYTON resin compounds are resistant to a very broad range of chemical materials and at elevated temperatures are considered second only to PTFE in overall resistance to corrosive and hostile chemical environments. Environments to which RYTON compounds do not have adequate resistance include oxidizing environments such as 50% nitric acid, 30% sulfuric acid, sodium hypochlorite, bromine water, etc., all at 200°F (93°C) or above.

ENVIRONMENTS

COMPATIBLE

WITH RYTON COMPOUNDS

Room Temperature

200°F (93°C)

Hydrocarbons Esters Ketones Alcohols Chlorinated Hydrocarbons Bases Amines
Acids

Hydrocarbons Esters Ketones Alcohols Chlorinated Hydrocarbons Bases Dilute Acids

TABLE

1.39:

POLYPROPYLENE-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

PRODUCTS

Resistance

of TENITE

Polypropylene

4231

to Various

Chemicals*

b

Change in Thickness 1 .o 0.1 -0.1 1.8 -0.4 No change Slightly Slightly Slightly Slightly bleached bleached bleached yellov.

Chemical Acetone Acetic Acid 5% Ammonium Bury1 Acetate Calcium Chloride 2’12% Hydroxide 10%

Appearance

Wwght 2.2 0.1 0.0 6.3 0.1

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

121

TABLE

1.39:

POLYPROPYLENE-EASTMAN

CHEMICAL

PRODUCTS

(continued)

*Injection-molded disks 2 inches in diameter and %-inch thick were immersed in the chemicals and stored under a constant temperature of 73°F for one year. Polypropylene is highly resistant to chemical attack and to stress-cracking. However, a few chemicals produce swelling and attack the surtace slightly. These chemicals are mainly chlorinated compounds, aromatic hydrocarbons, and the higher aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as gasoline.

122

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

EXPOSURE

Temp., OF

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satis. M= Marginal U= Unsatis.

PERMEABILITY (gm./24 hr./ 100 rq. inlmil)

Acetaldehyde Acetate solvents, pure Acetic Acid (5%) Acetic Acid (10%) Acetic Acid (20%) Acetic Acid (50%) Acetic Acid (Glacial) (100%)

68 122 73 73 140 70 140 73 72 176 68 122 140 68 68 122 140 73 73 68 176 68 140 68 140 73 68 140 212

180 180 365 30 100 100 30 30 180 180 100 30 100 180 100

M M M S S S M S S M S S M S M M M S S S S S S M U

39.6

1.06 6.4 4.2

Acetone

(DMK)

Acetophenone Acetylene Acriflavine (2% aq. sol’n)

Acrylic emulsions Ally1 chloride Almond Oil Aluminum chloride

117

S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

0.0

Aluminum Aluminum Alums Ammonia Ammonia

fluoride Sulfate

68 140 73 73 72 73 140 73 73 73 73 68 140 73 30 180 180 365 100

(15% sol.)
(25%)

9.5
17.4

Ammonia (30%) Ammonia, concen. Ammonia (gas-liquid) Ammonium Acetate Ammonium Bicarbonate Ammonium Carbonate

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers
TABLE 1.40: POLYPROPYLENE RESINS-SHELL CHEMICAL (continued)

123

REAGENT ,Soldr onsaturated ~ol~tton unlessandncated orherwsel

EXPOSURE

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE
S = M=

Saris.

Temp., OF Ammonium Ammonium Chloride fluoride 73 68 140 212 Ammonium Ammonium Hydroxide 73 68 140 212 Ammonium Ammonium Nitrate persulphate 73 68 140 212 73 73 68 140 212 Amy1 Acetate Amy1 Alcohol 73 68 140 212 Amyl Chloride Aniline 68 140 68 122 140 Anisole 68 140 212 Anti-freeze Antimony Chloride, sat’d 68 122 68 140 212 Apple Juice Aqua regia 73 68 140 212 73 73 68 140 (10% aqueous sol.) metaphosphate

Time, days

Marginal

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr.1 100 sq. inlmil)

U= Unsatir. S s s S

365

S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S M M

Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium

Phosphate Sulfate Thiocyanate

180 180 30

S M S S M U

0.165 2.77

180 180

S S S S M

0.0 0.45

43

S S M U U U S S

1.78

Aromatic Asphalt

Hydrocarbons

Barium Carbonate

(continued)

124

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
(Sohdr m saturated solution unlessmdicated otherwKl

EXPOSURE

Temp., “F Barium

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satis. M= Marginal U= Unsatis.

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr.1 100 sq. inlmil)

Carbonate

212 68 140 212 68 140 212 73 68 140 212 68 140 212 72 73 73 68 68 140 73 73 68 122 68 140 212 73 73 73 73 73 68 140 68 140 73 73 73 73 73 72 176 365 180 180

S s s S s S S S S S S S S S S S M U M M S S S S S S S S S S S M M U M M M M S S S S S 0.22 1.0

Barium Chloride

Barium Hydroxide

Barium Salts Barium Sulfate

Barium Sulfide

Beer Beet Juice Benzaldehyde Benzene/Benz01 Benzene Sulfonic Acid Benzoic Acid Benzoyl Chloride Benzyl Alcohol Bismuth Carbonate

30

180

100% loss

Bluing Borax Boric Acid, Brandy Brine Solution Bromine Gas (weak) Bromine Liquid

Bromine water, sat’d Butane Butanol Butter Butyl Acetate Butyl Phthalate

365 80 30

Synthetic Resins and Polymers TABLE 1.40: POLYPROPYLENE RESINS-SHELL CHEMICAL (continued)

125

EXPOSURE

1
Temp., OF Calcium Bisulfite Calcium Carbonate Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satis. M= Marginal U = Unsatir.

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr./ 100 sq. in/mill

73
68 140 212 68 140 212

S
S S S S S S 365 30 30 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 86 365 S U S U S S S S 365 S S S U U S S S 3.64

Calcium Chlorate

Calcium Chloride (2.5% aqueous solution) Calcium Chloride (50% Solution) Calcium Hydroxide 73 72 176 68 140 212 Calcium Hypochlorite Calcium Nitrate (50% sol’n.) 73 68 140 Calcium Phosphate Calcium Salts Calcium Sulfate 212 68 73 68 140 212 Calcium Sulfite 68 140 Camphor Oil Cane Sugar Liquors Carbon Bisulfide Carbon Dioxide, dry Carbon Dioxide, wet Carbon Dioxide Solution Carbon Disulfide Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachloride Carbonic Acid Carrot Oil Castor Oil 212 73 73 73 73 73 68 140 73 68 140 73 140 68 140 73

365 106

73

143

S

0.0

(continued)

126

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
(Sol,dr ,n salurated $oI”lm” unless indtcated othenwe)

EXPOSURE

PERMEABILIT)

Castor Oil Caustic Soda, cont. Caustic Soda, dil. Cellosolve@ Cetyl Alcohol Char-co-sol Chlorobenzene Chlorine Chlorine Gas Liquid

Chlorine Water Chlorine Chlorine (wet) (dry) Hydrocarbons Acid 73 73 73 68 140 212 73 73 73 73 140 73 68 140 68 122 140 sitric Acid, 2 N Zitrondropar (Lemon) Zlove Oil Zoconut Oil Zod Liver Oil Coffee Zoke Oven Gas 73 68 122 73 140 73 73 73 73 180 180 30 365 109 109 302 159 162 96 365 30 30 365 365 U U S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S M M S S S S 6.43 22.77 0.0 5.35 0.0 0.0 0.48 2.3

Chlorinated

Chloroform Chlorosulfonic Chlorox Chrome Alum

Chocolate Syrup Chromic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (30%) Chromic Acid (40%) Chromic Acid, 2 N Cider Citric Acid (10%)

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

127

TABLE 1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
ISohds I” saturated solutmn unless,nd,cated otherwsel

EXPOSURE

Temp., “F

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satis. M= Marginal U = Unratis.

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr.1 100 sq. in/mil)

Copper Salts Copper Sulfate Core Oils Corn Oil Cottonseed Oil Creosote Cresal Cresol Cupric Chloride Cupric Cyanide Curpic Fluoride Cupric Nitrate Cupric Sulfate Cuprous Chloride Cyclohexane Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone DDT Spray Decalin Detergent Solution (Heavy Duty) Developers (Photographic) Dextrine Dextrose Diacetone Alcohol Diazo Salts Dibutyl Phthalate

73 73 73 73 140 73 140 73 73 68 68 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 68 122 68 122 68 122 68 73 73 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 68 122 68 140 73 180 189 30 30 180 180 180 180 189 180 158 167 191 113

S S S S S S S S U S S S s S S S S S S S S S M M S S M M S U S S S S S S S S S S s S M 0.21 3.94 194.0 100% loss 0.13 1.63 0.22 13.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

(continued)

128

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook POLYPROPYLENE RESINS-SHELL CHEMICAL

TABLE 1.40:

(ccIntinued)

REAGENT
(Solids an rarursted solution unlessmdicated ocherwise~

EXPOSURE

Temp., o F

Time, days

1

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satis. M= Marginal U= Unsatis.

PERMEABILITY (gm./24 hr./ 100 sq. in/mill

Dichloroethylene Diethanolamine Diethyl Carbonate Glycol Phthalate Ether Formamide

73 68 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 73 140 68 122 70 140 73 30 30 180 180 100

S S S S M S S S S M M S S S M M M M S 78 160 S S S S 180 180 180 180 365 365 S S S S S S S S S S S 365 180 100 M M M M M S S S 7.0 100% loss 0.0 0.40 1.42 17.9 0.55 5.03 1.1 10.6

Diethylene Di-iso-octyl Dimethyl Dimethyl

Dimethylamine Dioctyl Dioxane Disodium Phosphate Phthalate

(DOW

Distilled Water Dobanic Acid Donax “8” Dye (Rit) Epichlorohydrin Ethanol (50% Aqueous

68 140 73 140 68 140 68 122 73 68 122 73 73 68 140 73 73 122 140

Solution) Ethanol (95%) Ethanolamine Ethers Ethyl Acetate

Ethyl Acrylate Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol (50%)

68 140 73 140 68 365 100 30

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

129

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

EXPOSURE

Temp., OF

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satis. M= Marginal U-i Unsatis.

PERMEABILITY bnJ24 hr./ 100 tq. in/mill

Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Chloride Ethylene

(50%) (95%)

140 73 140 68 140 68 140 68 70 73 50 68 140 212 68 140 73 68 140 73 73 73 68 68 140 73 72 73 72 73 73 68 140 68 140 68 140 73 68 140 73 68 122

30 100 30

s S S M M M M

Chloride

Ethyl Ether Ethylene Di-chloride Ethylene Glycol Ethylene Oxide EthYl Oleate

180 30 365

M M S M S M M S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S M S S S S S S U M M S

Fatty Acids, Ce Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferrous Chloride Ferrous Sulfate Fish “Flit” Insecticide

Fluosilicic Acid Fly Spray (Ortho) Formaldehyde, (35% Solution) Formaline, (40% Solution) Formic Acid (85%) Formic Acid (Anhydrous) Freon@ Fructose Fruit Juice Fruit Pulp Fuming Nitric Acid Furfural Furfurol Gas Oil

90 30 365

0.31 0.31 24.7

180 180

S S

(continued)

130

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
LSolldr I” saturated solution unlesstndacatedofherwsel

EXPOSURE

Temp., OF

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = S8tis. M= Marginal U= Unutis.

PERMEABILIT? I (gm.124 hr./ 100 sq. in/mill

Gasoline

73 73 140 73 73 68 140 73 73 73 68 140 68 140 68 122 68 140 68 73 73 73 73 73 70 140 Solution 73 73 68 140

100 365 100 365

M M M M M S M S S s S S S S S S S S S S S S M M S S S S S S

100% loss 100% loss 100% loss

Gasoline (Aviation) Gasoline (Sour) Gearbox Oil Gelatin Glucose Glue Glycerine Glycolic Acid (30%) Glycerol Grape Sugar Grease Green Soap Solution Heavy Duty Detergent (OMO) Heptane Hexane Household Detergent Household Ammonia Household Soap Hydrobromic Hydrochloric Acid Acid Solution (5%)

180 180

-0.14 -0.86

365 30 100 180 365 100 100

100% loss

(Cont.) (38%) -lydrochloric Acid (10% aqueous solution) iydrochloric hydrochloric Acid (30%) Acid (35%)

73 73 140 73 68 73 140

100 365 100 365 180 100 100 90 10 365

S S S S S S M S S S S .35

iydrochloric iydrochloric iydrochloric

Acid (36%) Acid (50%) Acid, 2N

72 176 73 73

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

131

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
IWads m saturated solution unlerrmdxated otherw84

EXPOSURE

Temp., o F Hydrocyanic Hydrolfluoric Hydrofluoric Hydrofluoric Hydrofluoric Hydrofluoric Acid Acid, Dil. Acid (38%) Acid (40%) Acid (50%) Acid, Techn. 73 73 73 140 73 72 68 140 68 140 73 73 73 73 73 140 73 73 68 140 lgepal Ink, Washable Iodine Solution Iodine (in alcohol) losan lpana Plus Isopropyl Alcohol Isopropyl lsooctane Kardemommudropar (Cardamom Karo Syrup Kerosine 68 122 73 68 122 140 73 Ether 73 73 73 73 140 73 68 122 68 122 73 140

Time, deys

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Setir. M= Marginel U= Unsetis. S s

PERMEABILITY (9mJ24 hr./ 100 sq. inlmil)

30 30 90

S S S S S S S S S S

Hydrogen Bromide (10%) Hydrogen Chloride Gas, dry Hydrogen fluoride Hydrogen Hydrogen Peroxide (3% Solution) Hydrogen Peroxide (28% Solution) Hydrogen Sulfide, dry Hydrogen Sulfide (wet + aqudbus solut&n) Hydroquinone

100 365 30 30

S S S U S S S S

365

S S S S S S S S M M M M S S S S M M M 0.110 2.89 4.27 59.0 0.25 3.74 48.0 100% loss 5.10

365 30 30 180 180 186 80 30 30 109 86 180 180 106 30

Kerosine (No. 2 fuel oil)

132

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
ISohdr I” saturated solutcm unless tndicated otherwise)

EXPOSURE

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satis. Time. days U= Unsatis.

Temp.. OF Kerosine (No. 2 fuel oil) Kleenezy Kleenosan Kleer-View Kresol Lacquer and Lacquer Solvents Lactic Acid Lactic Acid (20%) Lanolin Lead Acetate Lemon Oil Ligroine Lime Sulfur Linseed Oil Linseed Oil (blue) Lubricating Windshield Washer Solvent 140 140 140 73 140 68 122 73 73 73 68 140 73 73 140 68 122 73 73 73 73 140 73 73 68 140 73 68 140 212 73 140 212 Magnesium Sulfate 73 140 212 Magnesium Sulfide 68 140 212 73 73 73 68

1

M= Marginal

PERMEABILITY kgn.124 hr.f 100 sq. inlmilb

30 30 30 69 68
180 180

U S S S S S S M S S S S

4.62 5.38 0.85 4.53 0.23
1.56

365

65 14 180 180 365 30 100 100 303

S M M M M S S M M M S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

23.5 258.0 100% loss

Oil

be
Machine Oil Magenta Dye (2% Soln.) Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Carbonate

Magnesium hydroxide

Malic Acid Manganese Salts Mayonnaise Meat Sauce

180

S

0.29

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

133

TABLE 1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
(Sol& I” saturated solution unlesstndlcated otherwtre)

EXPOSURE

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE
s *

Satir.

M= Marginal

PERMEABILITY (gmJ24 hr./ 100 sq. in/mill

Temp., OF

Time. days

u - Unsatir.

Meat Sauce Mennen’s “Skin Bracer” Mercuric Cyanide Mercurochrome Mercuric Chloride Mercurous Nitrate Mercury Methyl Alcohol Methyl Methyl Methyl Methyl Bromide Ethyl Ketone lsobutyl Carbinol lsobutyl Ketone (100%)

122 73 140 68 140 73 73 68 140 73 73 140 68 140 68 122 68 122 70 140 73 73 73 140 73 68 122 68 140 73 68 122 140

180 23 23

S S S S S S S S S S

1.3 0.68 6.8

365 30

S S M U M M S S S U M S M M S S S S S S S S S S 0.16 1.29 3.5 84.0 0.21 2.7

180 180 180 180 100 100 30 30 30 109 86

Methylene

Chloride

Milk Mineral Oil (White) Molasses Mondludropar Monochloracetic

(Almond) Acid

Moth’Spray (Black Flag) Motor Oil (Shell X-100)

180 180 100

0.031 0.26

Mustard Paste n-Heptane Naphtha Naphthalene

73 140 68 68 140 212 73 73 140 73 100

M M M M M S S S S

1

Natural Gas Neatsfoot Oil Nickel Chloride

103 110

0.0 0.06

(continued)

134

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.40:

PGLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

T
Nickel Nitrate 68 140 212 Nickel Salts Nickel Sulfate Nitric Acid, Cont. 73 73 73 122 140 70 140 73 73 (50%) 140 70 140 Nitric Acid (75%) Nitric Acid, Fuming Nitrobenzene 68 73 68 122 140 Nitrogen Oxides Vitrous Acids Vutmeg Oil DPC 60 Solution 3ils. Vegetables 3leic Acid (21%) 73 73 73 73 73 68 122 140 68 140 212 3live Oil 3xalic Acid Oxalic Acid (50%) Oxygen Gas ‘almitic Acid ‘araffin Wax 73 140 68 122 73 73 73 68 140 68 140 )eanut Oil 73

EXPOSURE

Temp.. OF

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCI S = Sstir. M= Marginal U- Unratcs.

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr.1 100 $9. idmil)

S S S S S 365 180 30 100 100 100 365 30 100 100 180 365 180 180 100 S S U S M tvl M U M U M U S S U S S 82 100 180 180 30 U S S S S U U U 365 152 180 180 365 U S S S S S S S S S M M 133 S 0.0 0.0 0.28 2.3 0.076 0.27 1.25

0.42

Nitric Acid, Oil (10%) Nitric Acid, (30%) Nitric Acid (40%) Nitric Acid, Cont.

0.42 0.40 8.4

Ileum

‘araldehyde

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

135

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
lSol,ds on saturated solution unlessmdlcated otherwsel

EXPOSURE

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE
s = Satis. M=

PERMEABILITY (gm J24 hr./

Temp., OF Peanut Oil Peppermint 140 73 120 73 73 73 73 140 (5%) 73 140 73 73 70 140 Phosphorous Oxychloride Picric Acid Plating Solutions: Brass, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Lead, Gold, Indium, Nickle, Rhodium, Silver, Tin, Zinc. Potassium Bichromate/ Sulphuric Acid/Water (5/l 00/5) Potassium Bicarbonate Potassium Borate Potassium Bromate Potassium Bromide Potassium Carbonate Potassium Chlorate Potassium Chloride Potassium Chromate Potassium Cyar.ide 68 73 68 140

Time, days 73 196 95

Marginal lJ= Unsatis. S S M S M S

100 sg. inlmil)

Oil

0.07 0.14 39.3

Perchloric Acid Petroleum Oils, Sour Petroleum Phenol Phenol Solution Oils, Refined

100 loo 365 30

S S S S S S

Phosphoric Acid (25%) Phosphoric Acid (25-50%) Phosphoric Acid (85%)

109 108

S S M M S S

70 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 73 73 73 68 140 68 140 212 68 140 68

106 108

M M S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Potassium Ferricyanide Potassium FerrVFerrocyanide

(continued)

136

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook
1.40: POLYPROPYLENE RESINS-SHELL CHEMICAL (continued)

TABLE

REAGENT
(Sohdr m saturated solution unlerr mdicated otherwsel

EXPOSURE

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE

Temp., OF Potassium FerrVFerrocyanide Potassium Fluoride 140 212 68 140 212 68 (50%) 122 73 73 68 140 Potassium Perborate Potassium Perchlorate Potassium Persulphate Potassium Permanganate Solution Potassium Sulfate Potassium Sulfide 70 140 73 68 140 212 68 140 Propane Propionic Acid Propylene Dichloride Pyridine Rice Barn Oil Rosin (light) Safflower Oil 212 73 68 140 68 140 73 73 140 73 73 140 73 68 122 Shellac 73 (10%) 212 68 140 68 140 68 140

Time, days

S = Satis. M= Marginal
u= Unsatir.

PERMEABILITY (gm./24 hr./ 100 sq. inlmil)

S S
S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 100 100 M M S S S S S S S M S M M M 106 111 161 63 180 180 S S S S S S S S S S 0.0 0.0 0.031 0.26 0.0 0.0

Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide Potassium iodide Potassium Nitrate

180 180 365

0.0 0.48

Potassium Sulfite

Sauerkraut Shell X-100

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

137

TABLE 1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

EXPOSURE

Temp., OF

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Sotis. _ M= Marginal U= Unsatis.

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr./ 100 sq. in/mil)

Shoe Polish (liquid) Sea Water

73 68 140 212 68 140 212 73 73

S S S S S S 365 30 30 100 100 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 365 30 30 30 30 365 30 30 90 30 365 30 S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Silica Gel

Silicone Oil Silver Nitrate Soap Solution Soap Solution

(1%)
(5%)

73 140 70 140 73 68 140 212 68 140 2t2

Soapless Detergent Sodium Acetate

Sodium Benzoate (35%)

Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Bisulfate Sodium Bisulfite Sodium Borate Sodium Bromide Sodium Bromide Oil Sol’n Sodium Carbonate Sodium Carbonate, Satur. Solution Sodium Carbonate Sodium Carbonate aqueous solution) sodium Carbonate (20% Solution) Sodium Chlorate sodium Chloride, Solution Sodium Chloride (10% Solution) (2% Sol’n) (2.5

73 73 73 73 68 140 68 140 73 72 176 73 140 73 73 140 73 72 176 73 140

(continued)

138

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook
(continued)

TABLE 1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

REAGENT
Gollds &n saturated solution unlessindicated otherwse)

EXPOSURE

Temp., OF

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satis. M= Marginal U= Unsatis.

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr./ 100 sq. in/mill

Sodium Chlorite Sodium Chlorite Sodium Chlorite Sodium Chromate Sodium Cyanide

(2%) (20%) (30%)

68 140 68 140 68 140 68 140 73 68 140 212 68 140 212 68 140 212

S S s M S M S S S S S S S S S S S S 365 30 90 30 365 100 30 30 180 180 30 30 30 100 100 100 S S S S S S S S S S S M M M M M S S 30 100 S S S S S S S 0.58 1.92

Sodium Dichromate

Sodium Ferricyanide

Sodium Ferrocyanide

Sodium Hydroxide (1% Solution) Sodium Hydroxide (30% Solution) Sodium Hydroxide, (50%) Sodium Hydroxide (60% Solution) Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Hypochlorite sodium Hypochlorite sodium Metaphosphate sodium Nitrate sodium Palmitate (5% Solution) sodium Perborate Godium Phosphate, Alkaline sodium Phosphate, Acid sodium Phosphate, Neutral Aodium Silicate (5%) (10% Sol’n) Sol’n Cont.

73 140 72 176 70 140 73 140 68 122 73 140 73 73 70 140 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

139

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
(Solids in saturated solution unless indicated otherwise)

EXPOSURE

PERMEABILITY

Sodium Sulfate Sodium Sulfide Sodium Sulfite Sodium Thiosulfate Soybean Oil Spindle Oil Stannic Chloride (hype)

Stannous Chloride Starch 140 212 Stearic Acid Succinic Acid Sugars and Syrups 73 73 68 140 212 73 73 68 176 68 73 (dry) (wet) 73 73 73 140 70 140 Sulfuric Acid (30%) Sulfuric Acid (50%) Sulfuric Acid (96%) Sulfuric Acid (97%) Sulfuric Acid, cont. (98%) 73 140 72 176 72 176 73 68 365 30 100 100 30 30 90 10 90 10 365 180 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S -1.01

Sulfate Liquors Sulfur Sulfamic Acid Sulphur Dichloride Sulfur Chloride Sulfur Dioxide Sulfur Dioxide

Sulfuric Acid (3%) Sulfuric Acid, Dil. (10%)

(continued)

140

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
(Solids m saturated solution unlesslndlcsted othmwr~~

EXPOSURE

Temp., OF

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satir. T M= Marginal U= Unsatis.

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr.1 100 sq. in/mil)

Sulfuric Acid, cont. (98%) Sulfurous Acid Super Shell Tallow Tannic Acid Tar Tartaric Acid Tea “Teepol” 514 Solution (27%) Tetrahydrofurane Tetralin Thiopen Toluene Tomato 2T Oil Transformer Transformer Oil Oil, DTE/3D

122 140 73 68 122 68 140 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 140 73 68 122 73 140 72 176 73 73 68 140 73 73 140

180 100 180 180

S M S M M S S s S S S

-1.44

100% loss 100% loss

100

S S M

365 100 180 180 30 30 90 30

S M M S S S M U M M S U S S S M U S M S S S S S S S S S S 0.64 2.81 0.0 4.1

Trichloracetic Acid, 2N Trichloroethylene Triethanolamine Tri-sodium Turpentine Two-stroke Urea Vanillindropar Varnish Vaseline Vaseline Oil Vinegar (Vanilla) Oil Phosphate

365 30 100 100 109 86 180 180 90 30 180 180

70 140 73 68 122 73 68 122 72 176 68 122

1.99 0.0 0.073

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

141

TABLE 1.40:

POLYPROPYLENE

RESINS-SHELL

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
(Sol,dr I” saturated solutmn unlesslndacated otherwml

EXPOSURE

Temp., OF

Time, days

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satir. M= Marginal U = Unsatis.

PERMEABILITY (gm.124 hr./ 100 sq. in/mill

Water Water (brine) Water (fresh) Water (potable) Wax Crayon Wedac Wesson Oil Wheat Germ Oil Whiskey White Paraffin White Spirit (low aromatic content) White Spirit (high aromatic content) Wines Xylene

73 140 73 73 176 73 140 72 73 140 73 68 176 73 73 73 68 73 122 140

365 14

S S S S

30 30 30 160 58

S S S S S S S S S 2.46 0.10 0.01 0.0

100 100 30 180 365 180 100

U U S M M M M S S S S S S 100% loss 100% loss 100% loss 100% loss

Yeast Zinc Chloride Zinc Oxide Zinc Sulfate

68 140 73 68 140 73

142

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 1.41:

POLYSTYRENE

RESINS-HUNTSMAN

CHEMICAL
to suit a wide variety of molding or injection but

These thermoplastic resins are crystalline, rigid and of brilliant clarity. They are formulated applications. All the polystyrene resins are processed by extrusion, thermoforming, blow only the rubber-modified impact polystyrene or ABS can be thermoformed.

REAGENT
(Solodr 4” saturated solutm~ unless indscated otherwtsee)

EXPOSURE

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE
s =

SOLVENT
(X lndtcater that the reagent acted as

Satis.
S M U U U S M U

Temp., OF

Time. days

M= Marginal U= Unsatis.

a SolventI

Acetic Acetic Acetic Acetone

Acid 5% Acid Acid 10% 100%

77 77 77

365 365 365

Acetophenone Adrenalin Hydrochloride Adrenalin in oil Ally1 Alcohol Aluminum Aluminum Ammonia Ammonium Amyl Amyl Alcohol Acetate-n Chloride Sulphate Hydroxide (Sat.) (Sat.) 122 122 122 365 365 365

S S S S U U U U Z S S U S U S U S S U U U U X X X

Amy1 Phthalate Amseed Oil Aspirin (pwd) Atropine Sulphate Barium Carbonate Beef Benzaldehyde Benzedrine Benzene Benzoic Benzyl Acid Acetate 122 122 365 365 122 365

(pwd)

122

365

X

Borax (Sat.) Boric Acid Bromine Butter Butyl Butyl Butyl Acetate Acetate Alcohol iso n iso Liquid

77

365

S S U S M U M U M U U S (continued) X

Butyl Alcohol n Butyl Phthalate Caffeine (Sat.) Calcium Hypochloride Calcium Hypochlorite Camphor Carbon Tetrachloride Carbolic Acid 50% 100% Carbolic Acid Cassia Oil Castor Oil

15%

144

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.41:

POLYSTYRENE

RESINS-HUNTSMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

REAGENT
(Soltdr in saturated solution unless md~cated otherwant

EXPOSURE

CHEMICAL EXPOSURE PERFORMANCE S = Satir.
M=MargiMl

SOLVENT
(X lndoutn that the r+gent acted *I

a 5ob4ent)

Temp., OF ;lucose

Time. dayr

U- Unutir.

30% jlycerine ieptyl Alcohol-n fexane iexyl Alcohol-n horseradish ioney hydrochloric Acid iydrochloric Acid iydrofluoric Acid iydrogen Peroxide iydroquinone odine Tincture so-propyl Alcohol (erosene .actic Acid 16%

77

240

“s S s” M S S M U S M M M U U S U S M

10% 38% 10% 30%

77

365

77

365

_anolin _ard .auryl Alcohol .ead Arsenate _ead Nitrate _emon Juice _ime Water _ipstick Aagnesium Carbonate Aaleic Acid 10% dercuric Chloride 5% Jlesityl Oxide vlethyl Acetate wlethyl Alcohol wlethyl Chloride vlethyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl lsobutyl Ketone (Oil of Methyl Propyl Ketone Methyl Salicylate Wintergreen) Methylene Milk Mineral Oil Mono-Chloro Benzene Chloride

77

365

122

365

S U S M S S S U U M U U U U U U X

122 77 122

365 365 365

X X X

77

14

S S U M M U S X

Motor Oil Mustard Nitric Acid 20% Nitroglycerine

(continued)

146

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.41:

POLYSTYRENE

RESINS-HUNTSMAN

CHEMICAL

(continued)

EXPOSURE

Tannic Acid 2% Tartaric Acid Alcohol Tea (Sol.) Tetrahydrofurfuryl

Tetralin Thionyl Chloride Titanium Tetrachloride Toluene Trichloroethylene Trisodium Phosphate (Sat.) Triethylene Triethylene Turpentine Water Water Carbonated Witch Hazel Distilled Worcestershire Zinc Carbonate Zinc Chloride Zinc Stearate 50% Sauce Glycol Tetramine

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

147

TABLE

1.42:

POLYSULFONE-UNION

CARBIDE

UDEL Polysulfone is a high performance thermoplastic known for its high temperature resistance [3OO”F (149°C) UL listing for continuous use], hydrolytic stability, and excellent close tolerance moldability. Polysulfone also possesses good resistance to a wide variety of aggressive environmental conditions. In the most general terms, POlYsulfone is highly resistant to aqueous mineral acids, alkali, and salt solutions. Resistance to detergents and hydrocarbon oils is good, even at elevated temperatures under moderate levels of stress. In polar organic solvents such as ketones, chlorinated hydrocarbons, and aromatic hydrocarbons, polysulfone will swell, dissolve, or stress-crack. Chemical
Inorganic Acids Chromic Chromic Acid, Acid, 12% 60% Acid, Acid, Acid, Acid, Acid, Acid, 20% 10% 15% 20% 37% 50% Chemicals (22°C.)600C.)(tt50C.)(990C.) ‘730F: i40°F: ittS°F.ilOOF. NR NR R R R R R LR NR NR R R R R R * LR LR LR * R R R NR NR R R R R LR * * NR NR NR R * + * NR * NR NR

Resistance
Key R LR NR *
IO

Chart
rarrngs
Recommended LImIted Recommendation (many appllcatmns possible depending on stress level) Not Recommended No data

(121°C.)(1490C.) .25O”F. 300°F NR NR R * * * NK * UK UK NR NK R * * * NR * NR NR

Hydrobromic Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Hydrochlonc Hydrochlorw ‘Hydrofluoric Nltnc Nitric Nifric

Organic Acetic Acetic

Chemicals Ar,d 10%

(22°C.)(600C.~(850C.)(990C.~ 73°F. 140°F. lBS°F. 210°F. R R R LK \K R R R \K R R R R R R

(149Y.J 300°F. * YR NR NK hK

Actd. 20%

Acid, 10% Acid, Acid, 20% 40% 71% Acid, 20%

*
R R NR R R K R K K R K NR R K 20% 35% 5% 10% 25% 50% R I? K K R K R K

Acetlc Acid. .50% AC~IIC Acid. Acetic Glacial

*
UK

*
UK

.
’ R R R


* R R K


. K K R

*
_ R R YK

Anhvdrlde

N#tr!c Acid, Phosphoric Phosphoric Phosphoric Phosphoric Sulfuric Sulfuric Suifwc Sulfunc Sulfuric Bases Ammonia. Ammonia. Potawum Potawum Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium

Arc=tnnl=

lo”%

YR 100% ‘JR UK LR 100% Solvent. i\n~sole. Toluene, 100% lOO”6 100% \K R LR R K 100% 100% 100% R R R UR UK R 100% 100% R R R NK \iK 100% 100% \K R

UK UK UK

YR UK YK

\R UK NK

NK NR NK‘

Actd, 50% Acid. 85% Acid, 40% 100%

Aceton~trtle. Benzene. Butanol, Butvl Butyl

100% 100%

*
K R R K YK ’


R R K R YK ’


R R K R UK K K K \K 1K

*
R R NH NR \K ’

.
YR


NK


NR


NR

Acid,

Acetate.

Actd, 65% Acid. 75% Acid. 85% Acod. 95% 15% 29% Hydroxide, Hydroxide, Hydroxide. Hydroxide, Hydroxide. Hydroxide.

CELLOSOLVE Hvdroxy Hydroxy Prop~onate Solvent Tetrachlorlde.

Butvlated Butylated Calcium CARBITOL

’ .
f *r

.
R R k R R R R K

. ’ ’
K KK R K K R K

___K K K K

*

Carbon

1
* YK ‘rK

* ’ . . . *
” UK UK

CELLOSOLVE Chlotobenzene. Chloroform, III~IC 4cld.

Solvent, 100% 100% 40% Oil.

* . . 1 f * f
NK CK

’ * + . * f .
NK YK

\R UK UK

Cottonseed Crude

011. Texas.

C!clohexane. Cvclohexanone,

100%

_

. . . .
ZiK LK \K

f . . r
UK vuK \K

f * . .
UK \iK ‘*K

. . . .
NK UK \K

Other Ammonium Ammonium Antimony Black

100% 100%

Persulfate. Persulfate, Tnchlorlde,

24% 40% Sat.

Liquor Chloride, Sat.

* *
R R

. *
R R

* * . .
R R NR

. ’ I
R R R *

’ ’ * *
K K *

’ *
NR NR R R *

Dwthyl

ether,

Dwopropyl Dtoctyl Ethanol,

ether,

Phrha!ate, 100%

.

I

.

.-

Calcium Calcium ‘Chlorine,

Ethanolamlne. Ethyl 2.Ethvl Ethylene Ethylene Acetare, Butvrtc

100% 100% Acid. 100%

Hypochlorlte 100% Wet

.

.

D~am~ne, 92% Glycol. 100% 100% LR LR LR UK NK loo”& LR R 100% 100% 100% R R R

Green Liquor -Hydrogen Peroxide, Oxygen

R 100% R K R

K * K

R ’ K

R ’ K

K *

R *

Formaldehyde, “Freon”

Ozone
Potawum Sodium Sodium Sodwm Sodium Narrate, Carbonate, Hypochlortte. Hypochlorite, Stl~cate, 1.7% Sar. 1.7% 5X% 17%

*
K


R


R LR K R LR

* ’
K

’ *
R

11 , lOOo/ 0 “Freon”22. 100% “Freon’: “Freon” Furfural Gasoline, Glucose Clvcerlne. n-Heptane, BF, TMC 100%

’ *
. UK NK

’ ’
. YK NK

’ *
* NK NK

’ *
.PUK NK

R

I
K K

.
K K

.
R R

, 1007 ”

*
R K


R R

*
* ’ ’ .

I
K

r
K

1
R


K

*
R

* * ’ ’
1

* ’ * *
.

* ’ ’ *
*-

Zinc

Chloride,

S.U.

R

n-Hexane,

(continued)

148

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.42:

POLYSULFONE-UNION
Organic Iroocta”e, Iropropanol. Kerosene, Lactac Acid, Laurie Linseed Malomc MEK, Acld Oil, 100% Chemicals 100% 100% 100% 60%

CARBIDE

(continued)
(22OC.)(6OOC.) (85~C.J(9s~C.)(149~C.) 73OF. 140°F. 185OF. 210°F. 300°F. R LR 1.R R * K R NK * * * * * ’ +

(continued)

*
R f * 1 NK * NR NR * * NR * UK UK NR

*
R * * * NK * NK NR ’ * NR

*
R

* *
R SR * . NR

.
* . YR r UK NR *

Acid,

100%

100% 100% Chloride, 100%

Methanol, Methylene Morphoiine Oletc Aad,

R NR NR

*
zrK NR *

100%

R R NR R UK NR NR

Oxahc Actd, 20% Pyrtdine Sorbx Acid, 100%

*
UR

*
hR


UK UK NK

*
4K ‘.R ‘uK

+
hK ‘iK \R

,,,.2.2-Tetrachloroethane. 100%
Tetrachloroerhylene. Tnl,apn.Inns. 100%

Trlchloroethylene, Tributyl Phosphate 100%

100%

‘JR NK IR

\K NR

UK UR

QK NR

4iK hiR

Turpentine,

.

VM&P Xvlene.

Naphtha, 100%

100%

Pipe 5eal Compounds “Lot-Tote” “Lx-Tire” “Lx-Tire” “Masters” “Permatex” “Trtion AV 100% FJ, 100% E. 100% Metallic, n2. 100% TF-15. 100% Commercial Products 100% NK NK NK K K R UK *K NK CK UK NK LK VK ‘rK \K \K \K

’ ’ +

. ’ ’ ’

miscellaneous “Clobber” Acldlc Drain

Cleaner, Copper

100% Cleaner, 100%

LR R LK K K K R

“Copperbwe” “Duckreal

Sealant.”

100%

” * *
K K IK K

* ’ ’
R K IK K

. ’ ’
K K IK K

Odr:
ASTM ASTM ASTM A‘,TM Slllcones. “SlidstIr” RTV 140. lOO’%I lOO’Y, K LR R R 100% K Oil W, 100% 011 82. loo”<. 011 #3, lOo’%a 011 #lO 100%

. 1 ’ * * * *
to many envwonm?nts. other than 100%

88 (GE). (GE) (GE)

* *
R R *

’ *
R R

RTV-106 RTV-109 “Zephlran”

Dwnfectant.

*
practice

* * ’ * ’

Thrs

refers

speclfrcaiiy as “chlorine”

to 100% expocure

chlorme

(wet),

It IS recognlred environmentr,

that

WIdespread polysulfone

mdustry

IS to refer corrwon

chlorine.

In many

of these

can provide

excellent

protection

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

149

TABLE 1.43:

POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE

DUCTS-DAYCO

PLIADUCT is a continuous, all plastic extruded strip, so shaped that when coiled, the edges interlock to form a rigid duct. It is flexible. Hand bend it to any position. It will remain in that position until bent again. Lightweight and durable, PLIADUCT has no wire or metal reinforcement. It will not corrode or oxidize. PLIADUCT is self-extinguishing. Service temperature range is -10” to 150°F. Chemical Resistance Chart*
CHEMICAL TEMlEFR^rTR; 0 0 NR NR R R R NR R NR NR NR NR NR A R -R R R NR NR NR A R R A A R NR NR R NR R R R R NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R R R NR NR R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR A R R R R R R R R R R R fl R NR R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R NR NR R NR CHEMICAL Butyne Diol Butyric Acid Cadmium Saks Calcium Salts Carbon Bisuffide Carbon Dioxide Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachloride Carbonic Acid Castor Oil Caustic Potash Cellosolve Caustic Soda Chloracetic Acid Chloral Hydrate Chloric Acid, 200~ Chloride (water) Chlorine (dry) Chlorine, Gas (dry) Chlorine, Gas (wet) ChlorineMater Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chlorosulfonic Acid Chrome Alum Chromic Acid, 10% Chromic Acid, 5090 Citric Acid Copper Salts Corn Syrup Cottonseed Oil Cresol Cresylic Acid, 50% Crotonaldehyde Crude Oil Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone Detergents Dextrin Dextrose Diazo Salts Digtycolic Acid Dimethylamine Dioctylphthalate Disodium Phosphate Distilled Water Esters Ethers Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Acrylate Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Chloride Ethyl Ether
TEMPERATURE

72’F 140°F

CHEMICAL

Acetaldehyde
Acetic Acid, to 80% Acetic Acid, over SO% Acetic Acid, glacial Acetic Anhydride Acetone Acetylene Adipic Acid Allyl Alcohol, 96% Allyl Chloride Alum Aluminum Saks .Ammonia (gasdry) Ammonia (liquid) Ammonium Fluoride, 25% Ammonium Hydroxide Ammonium Salts (other) Amy1 Acetate Amyl Alcohol Amy1 Chloride Anilineand Salts Anthraquinonesulfonic Acid Antimony Trichlonde Aqua Regia Aromatic Hydrocarbons Arsenic Acid, 80% Arylsulfonic Acid Barium Salts Beer Beet Sugar Liquors Benzaldehyde, 10% Berualdehyde, above 10% Benzene Benzoic Acid Bismuth Carbonate Black Liquor Bleach (12% Cl) Borax Boric Acid Breeder Pellets (fish derivative) Bromic Acid Bromine, Liquid Bromine. Vapor (25%) Bromine Water Butadiene Butane Butanol, Primary Butanof, Secondary Butyl Acetate Butyl Alcohol Butyi Phenol

R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR R NR NR R R R NR R R R R R R NR R NR NR R R R R R R NR R R NR NR NR NR R NR NR

NR NR A R NR R R NR R R R NR R R R R R NR NR NR R NR NR R NR NR R R R R NR R NR R NR NR R R R R R R NR R R NR NR NR NR R NR NR

T~~PERITuRE 72-F 140°F

Ethylene Bromide Ethylene Chlorohydrin Ethylene Dichloride Ethylene Glycol Ethy!ene Oxide Fattv Acids Ferric Salts Fish Solubles Fluboric Acid Fluorine, Gas (wet) Fluorine, Gas (dry) Fluorcsilicic Acid, 25% formaldehyde Formic Acid Fructose Fruit Juices and Pulp Furfural Gallic Acid Gasoline Gasoline, High Octane Gasoline, Jet Fuel, JP4 Gasoline, Jet Fuel, JP-5 Glucose Glycerine Glycol Glycolic Acid Grapesugar Hsptane Hezane Hexanol, Tertiary Hydrobromic Acid, 20% Hydrochloric Acid, to 25% Hydrochloric Acid, over 35% i-iyfiocyanic Acid Hydrofluoric Acid, to 50% Hydrofluoric Acid, over 50% Hydrogen Hydrogen Peroxide, to 93% Hydrogen F’hosphide Hydrogen Sutfide Hydroquinone Hydroxylamine Sulfate Hypochlorene Acid iiypochlorous Acid Iron Salts Jodine Kerosene Ketones KraR Liquors &tic Acid, 25% Lard Oil Laurie Acid Lauryl Chloride

NR NR NR NR NR NR R R NR NR R R R R R R R R R R R NR A R R R R NR R R R A NR NR R R R R R R R R R R A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR R R NR R R R R R R R R R NR R NR R R R R R R NR NR R R R R R R R R fl NR fl NR R R R R

(continued)

150

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.43:

POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE

DUCTS-DAYCO CHEMICAL

(continued)
TEMPERATURE 72-F 140°F

CHEMICAL Lead Salts Linoleic Acid Linoleic Oil Linseed Oil Liquers Lithium Bromide Lubricating Oil, ASTM #1.#2. u3 Machine Oil Magnesium Salts Maleic Acid Malic Acid Manufactured Gas Mercury Salts Mercury Methyl Alcohol Methyl Chloride Methylene Chloride Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl Iso-butyl Ketone Methyl Sulfate Methyl Sulfuric Acid Milk Mineral Oils Mixed Acids Molasses Muriatic Acid Naphtha Naphthalene Natural Gas Ntckel Salts Nicotine Nicotine Acid Nitric Acid. Anhydrous Nitric Acid, to 66% Vitric Acid, over 68% Nitrobenzene Nitrous Oxide OCHlOl Oils and Fats Oil, Sour Crude Oleic Acid Oleum Oxalic Acid Oxygen Ozone Palmitic Acid, to 70% Palmitic Acid, over 70% Paraffin Perchlotic Acid, to 10%

TEMPERATURE

72’F 140°F R R R R R

CHEMICU Rayon Coagulating Rochelle Salts Sea Water Selenic Acid Sewerage Silicic Acid Silver Safts Bath

mCFm2T

R R R R R R fl R R R R R NR NR NR NR R R R R R R R R NR R R R R NR R NR NR R R R A R NR R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R R R NR R R R R NR R NR NR R R R R R NR R R R R NR R R

Perchloric Acid, to 70% Perchloric Acid, over 70% Petroleum Liquefier Phenol Phenylhydrazine Phenylhydrazine Hydrochloride Phosgene. Liquid Phosgene. Gas Phosphoric Acid, to 85% Phosphorus (yellow) Phosphorus Pentoxide phosphorus Trichloride Photographic Solutions: DK#3 Dektal Developer Kodak Fixer Kodak Short Stop Picric Acid Potassium Alum Potassium Bicarbonate Potassium Bichromate Potassium Borate Potassium Bromate Potassium Bromide Potassium Salts Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Pemanganate, 10% ,Potassium Permanganate, 15% Propane Propane Gas Propargyl Alcohol Propyl Alcohol Propylene Dichloride Plating Solutions: %rass Cadmium copper Gold lndium Lead Nickel Rhodium Silver Tin Zinc

R NR A R NR R NR R R R R NR R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R

NR NR R NR NR NR NR A

R’ R R R R R R R R R R

R’ R R R R R R R A R R R A A NR R R NR R R NR R R R R NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR A R R R z NR R R A R R R R R NR R

NR R R R R NR R A R R R R R R R
NR above 125.F

R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R A R

$

KEY. R-fiecommsndod NR-NU Recommended BLANK SPACES lodie kslr ofmfic tacommwodatcms

Soaps Sodium Acetate Salts Sodium Hydrox!de Sour Crude Oil (west Texas) StannicSalts R Stannous Salts R Starch R Blearic Acid R Btoddards Solvent NR Sulfur R Sulfur Dioxide, dry R Sulfur Dioxide, wet R Sulfur Trioxide R Sulfuric Acid, to I%% R Sulfuric Acid, over 8096 NR Sulfurous Acid R fall Oil R Tannic Acid R Tartaric Acid A fetraethyl Lead R Tetrahydrofurane NR Thionyl Chloride NR Tirpineol R Titaniumfetrachloride NR Tanning Liquors R TOluol or Toluene NR Tri Butyl Phosphate NR Trichloroethyiene NR Triethandamine R Trimethyl Propane R Trisodium Phosphate R Turpentine Fi Urea ‘R Urine Fl Ymegar NR Vinyl Acetate R Water Acid Mine R Water Deionized R Water Demineralized R Water Distilled-water trash R Wprer Saft R Whiskey R White Liquor R Wines Xylene or Xylol NR Zinc Satts R

Synthetic Resins and Polymers TABLE 1.44: POLYVINYL CHLORIDE JACKETS AND COVERS-CEEL-CO

751

Typical Resistance Features of CEEL-TITE

300 Series PVC-UVR

and 500 Series PVC

Acetrc Acrd 20% ‘Acetone *Alcohol, Ethyl Alumfnum Chloride Alumnum Sulfate Ammonia Gas Ammomum Chlonde Ammomum f-tydroxde A-nmontwn Sulfate *Amy1 Chlonde ‘AntIme Barium liydroxrde Barium Sulfate Barium Sulfide Beet Sugar Lrquors *Benzene Benzorc Acrd Black Lrquor Bleach 12.5% acttve Cl, Bone Acid Bromrc Acid Calcrum Carbonate Calcrum Chlonde Calctum ttydroxrde *Carbon Btsuffide Carbon Morwxrde ‘Carbon Telrachlorrde Carbonrc Acid Caustrc Soda Caustrc Potash Chlorrne Waler ‘Chlonne l Chlorobenzene Chrome Ac!d 10% ‘Chromrc Acid 30% Cttnc Acrd l Ccke Dven Gas Copper Cyanrde Copper Sulfate l Creosol l Cvclohexanol ‘Cjclohexanone ‘Drmethvlamrne ‘Droctylphthalate Drsodrum Phosphate ‘Ethers Ethylene Glycol Fatty Acrds Ferrtc Chlonde Ferrous Sulfate Fluonne (gat-wet) Fluoailicic Acid Fomaldehyae ‘Formrc Acrd Fruit Jutces + PUID *Furfural Qasokne (refined) Glycenne Hydrochloric Acrd t-tydrocyanrc Acrd l ttydroiluorrc Acrd 50% Hydrogen Sulfide (dry) Hydroqurnone Hypochlorous Acid lodlne Trncture Kerosene Magneswm Chlorrde Malerc Acrd Metnyl Alcohol *Methyl Ethyl Ketcne *Methyl Chloride Mrxed Acrds Nickel Chlonde Nrckei Sulfate

l Nrtnc Acrd Anhydrous
Nttnc Acrd, 10% Nrtrtc Acrd. 63% Nitrous Oxrde 011sand Fats Olerc Acrd ‘Oleum Cxalrc Acrd Palmrtrc Acrd, 10% Perchlonc Acid, 10% ?eFe;;um 011s (sour) Phosgene Gas Phosphonc Acrd, 25% Phospnorrc Acid. 50% *Phosphorous Trichlonde Phthalrc Anhydrrde Plattng Soltirons Potassrum Chlonde Potassum Cyanide Potasscum Drchromate &w;ss; Hydroxide Permanganate. 10% Propy Alcohol *Propylene Drchlonde Sea Water Stlver Cyanrde Silver Platrng Solutron Srlver Nrtrate Sodrum Brsulffte Sodrum Chlonde Sodrum Cyantde Sodturn Ferrocyanrde Sodrum ttydroxrde Sodrum l-typcchlonte, 125% Sodrum Sulfate Sodrum Sulfite Sodium Throsulfate Sour Crude 011 Stannrc Chlonde Steanc Acrd Stannous Chlonde Sulfur Sulfur Dfoxide (dry) ‘Sulfur Droxfde (wet) Sulfunc Acid, Ib%’ Sulfuric Acrd. 70% Sulfurous Acid Tannrc Aced Tartanc Acrd ‘Tetrahydrofuran l Toluene l Tnchloroethylene Triethanolamine Trisodtum Phosphate Turpentine Urea Vinegar Vl$ter (acrd mane water) Whtskey and Whrte liquor Xylene Zfnc Chloride Zrnc Sulfate S-Satrsfactory U-Unsatisfactory Test Method ASTM -

D - 1784

‘Satrsfactory for use under atmcephenc condrtrons

752

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.45:

POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE

LINERS-FABRIC0

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE CHART
“R-Recommended” “RT-Room Temp.”

IN0 Chemical Reagent

ANIC

ACIDS

INORGANIC Id .t P. 26990

SAL

- co
&

DUNDS

(Cont’d.1 at

he.

x;i 0

Chemical

Reagent

:onc.
0

Material recommended max. Co”sta”t twnp. BORN R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R.130 R-130 R-110 R.l10 R.l10 R.l10 651 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-130 R-130 R.130 R-130 R-110 R-RT R-130 R-140 R-140 R.140 R.140 R.130 R-130 R.150 R-110 R-110 R.150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-130 R-150 R-130 R-150 R-150 R.130 R-150 R-140 R.150 R-150 R-150 R.150 R-150 R-150 R.150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150

2699 R-RT R-RT R-AT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R.RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R.RT R-AT R-RI R-RT R.RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-AT R-AT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R.RT R-RT R-RF R-RT 9.RT 7.RT =I-RT 9.RT

@I

Aqua

Regaa R-130 10 30 R.120 R-l 10 30 20 20 40 30 Acld 75 10 40 R-100 R-RT R-100 R-110 R-130 Aad Acld Trloxade Acjd Acid @ Acad@ Acad

t

R-RT R-130 R-l 10 R-130 R.140 R-140 R-130 R-130 R-RT R-130 R-110 R-100 R-110 R-150 R-RT R-RT R-l 10 R-100 R-RT R-RT R-RT R-120

Chrome Copper Copper Copper Cuprous Dlsodwm Fernc Ferrous Ferrous Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen

Alum Chloride Nitrate Sulfate Chloride Phosphate

6or1c Acld Brom~c Acid Carbonic Chromac Chromium, Hydrobromlc Hydrochlonc Hydrochlortc Hvdwluonc Nnrlc Acid Nttrwz Ac,d
PhosPhOrlC

Fluor~l~c~c Acid

Fcrr~c Chloride NItrate Chlorade Sulfate PeroxIde@ Peroxnde@ Sultade Carbonate Chlorade Nitrate Sulfate Chloride NItrate 3 10

R-l 10 R-RT R-l 10 R.120 R-120 R-120 R-120 R-110 R-110 R-130 R-100 R.lOO R.130 R-130 R-130 R.130 R-110 R-130 R.l10 R-130 R-130 R.130 R-130 R-120 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R.130 R-130 R.130 4.130 q-130 q-130 q-130

Magnestum Magnesum Magneswm Magnerwm Mercuric Mercurous Mercurv Phosphorus Phosphorus Potasr~um

Sulfuric Sulturlc Sulfurous Mw.ed

Acld Acld Acid Aclds for 7%HF

Sta~nlesr Steel plcklmg 20% HN03 R.140

(Yellow1 PentoxIde B+carbonate Carbonate Chloride Chromate Cyamde Nitrate Perchlorate Permanganate Sulfate

INORGANIC

ALKALIES d

at
@

Potasswm Potassium Potarswm Potasswn Potaswm Potaswm Potasrlum Potassium

L
2699 ~ R-RT R-100

~

INORGANI(

4LT.S :onc.

Chemical

Reagent

I

:‘DMPOl JNI >s &tori al r ecommendad tenw. nwx I. E,,nrtmt BORN R.130 R.120 -IR-150 R-140 R-150 R.150 R-150 R-130 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-15P R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150 R-150

Salver Nitrate at Sodun Sodum Sodwm Sodium Bicarbonate Bwltlte Borate Carbonate Chlorate Chlorado Dachromate Ferrocyanlda Fluoride Hypochlorite Nwate Sulfete Sulfite Phosphate

0
Alunvnum Aluminum Alummum Ammomum Ammomum Ammonium Ammonwm Ammonwm Antwnony 6srlum Barurn Bismuth Calcium Calcium Calcwn Calcrum Calcaum Calcwm Chloride Fluoride Sulfate Carbonate Chloride Fluorldc Nnratt Sulfide Chlonde 20 50

I

i

2699@ R-RT R.RT R-RT R.RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R.RT R-RT R-RT R-RT R-RT

Sodium Sodtum Sodium Sodum Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Trisodium

R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-1JO R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130 R-130

csrhvlate Sulfate Carbonate Btsulfatc Carbonate Chloride Hyoochlorlte NItrate Sulfate

Zinc Chlonde Zinc Sulfate

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

153

TABLE 1.45: PoLYvlNYL
PLATING I

CHLORHDE LINERS-FABRIC0
SOLUTIONS 1 Material recqmm”ded at

(continued
ORGANIC COh WNC ICont’d.) Material recomm en ded at m;r: K. CO”,,P”, te mp. BORN NR NR R.120 R-l 20 NR 00 NR NR R-100 R-100 @ Ketone 00 NR NR NR NR R-RT R.lOO NR NR R-100 R-100 R-100 NR NR R-100 jrocarbonr r Alcohol@ 661 NR NR R-150 R-150 NR NR NR R-100 R-100 rvR NR NR NR R-RT R-110 NR NR R-RT R-110 R.l10 R.130 NR NR BOEE

Chemiul

Reagent

rJnc.?i @I

Furfural Gallx Acid GhXqse Glvcertne Hvdroqulnone Note: 3/32” & l/8” PVCType 651 are the materials abuse drctates this. of choice for lswropvl Lactic

plating and rinse tanks. The combinatton
sol~t~qn strength and mechamcal Electroless Solutions

of temperature.

Acid Acid Alcohol Ethvl

I
29L9

Lead Acetate Mallc Methyl Methyl

8 mil PVC Type (dIsposableI

I

I
led at RP. BOEE

Naphthalene Nltrobenrene Olefc Acid Oxalic Phenol Acid Acid Acetate Acetare Acid

ORGANIC

COMPOUNDS

Chemical

Reagent

Phe”v)hvdrazl”e Acetaldehvde Acetic Acetic Acetlc Acetone Alkvl Alkvl Amvl Amvl Amvl A”lll”e Benzene 8enro1c Eutvl Butvl Carbon Carbon Acid Alcohol Phenol Acid Dwlfrde Tetrachlor!de Acid Alcohol Chloride Alcohol Acetate Chloride Acid Acid AnhydrIde 100 80 10 NR NR R-130 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R-100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR Acid NR R-110 NR NR R-130 NR NR NR NR 100 NR NR NR NR 40 R-RT NR NR NR R.130 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R-110 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R-130 NR NR R.150 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R-UT NR Wet strength Kvmene Kvmene 557 709 IR l-95 resins: Dtrtllled Fert~llrer Fruit Grape Dakjre Peanut Water Solutions l-150 I-RT Chemrcal Reagent 0°C. 9 0 IORN MIS< LANf R.130 Polvv~nvl Sodwm Stearlc

Tann~c Acid Tetrahvdrofuran Trlethanolamlne Urea Crude 011. fuel 011s and other allphatx h use wth PVC Type 3134. an 011 res~sta~

I

R-130 are s”#t ab le for

I

IS COMPOUNI Matenal r max. c, 651 R.150 R-RT R-150 R-110 R.150 R-100 R.RT ed ,P. 2699 @

Butvr~c

Chloracetlc Chloroform Chlorosulfonw Cltrlc Acid

Chlorobenzene

Juicer Sugar No. 31 Solut~or I-RT IR l-130 011

Mustard Photographic R-RT NR R-150

Cvclohexanol Cvclohexanone DeXtrl” Dlbutvlphthalate Dlethvl Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl Formtc Ketone Acetate Alcohol@ Bromide Chloride Ether Acid Dimethvlsmine

Sea Water sugar Salutlo” Vl”BgH Water Yeast (Potable) Wine (non-fortifIedI

R-150 R-140 R-150 R-150 A-RT R-150

R-95 R.70 R-95 NR

Formaldehvde

Perez Rcs~ns

The above ratjngs are based on the consideration of chemical resistance only. Potable water will not attack flexible vinyls, but to store it safely from the standpoint of toxicity, a specially formulated vinyl must be used. This would also apply to any material that is intended for human consumption. In this latter category, the possibility of the migration of very small amounts of plasticizer having an effect on the taste of the stored liquid should be considered. @Hydrochloric Acid must not be contaminated with organic chlorides (500 ppm max. concentration) @Applies only to inhibited hydrogen peroxide. Unrnhibited 10% H202 will not deteriorate lining, but lining will contaminate Solution. 02699 material is specially formulated for pit 81 pond lining applicationsand is generally serviceable after installation between -20 deg. and +150 deg. F. It has a bacteriostat which resists attack by soil microorganisms. Some of the recommended uses for particular compounds are shown above, however specific applrcations should be checked with the factory, particularly those containing mixtures of the compounds mentioned above. @Concentrations of 10% or less are suitable with all vinyls listed at right for non-food use. @All concentrations left blank are 100% or Saturated solution.

154

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.46:

POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE

PIPE AND FITTINGS-THERMOPLASTIC

PROCESSES

Chemical Resistance of EXCELON

R-4000 Pipe and Fittings
LUBRICATING OIL, ASTM X3 METHYL SULFATE hlAPTU& NITRIC ACID. 10% NITRIC ACID. 30% NITRIC ACID, 60% PHENYLDHYDRAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE PHOSPHORUS (YELLOW) PHOSPHORUS PENTRIOXIDE POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE. 25% @ 125°F PROPARGYL ALCOHOL PROPYL ALCOHOL TETRAETHYLLEAD TRIETHANOLAMINE TRIMETHYL PROPANE
.I . . .I.

RECOMMENDED (tested72°F. 140°F) @
ACETIC ACID. 10% ACETIC ACID. 20% ACETYLENE ADIPIC ACID ALUM ALUMINUM ALUM ALUMINUM CHLORIDE ALUMINUM FLUORIDE ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE ALUMINUM OXYCHLORIDF ALUMINUM NITRATE ALUMINUM SULFATE AMMONIA (GAS-DRY) AMMONIUM ACETATE AMMONIUM ALUM AMMONIUM BIFLUORIDE AMMONIUM CARBONATE AMMONIUM CHLORIDE AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE. 10% AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE, 28% AMMONIUM METAPHOSPHATE AMMONIUM NITRATE AMMONIUM PERSULFATE AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE AMMONIUM SULFATE AMMONIUM SULFIDE AMMONIUM THIOCYANATE AN~~H;AOUINONESULFONlC
ANTIMmd”

COPPER NITRATE CORN SYRUP c&PER SULFATE COTTONSEED OIL CUPRIC FLUORIDE CUPRIC SULFATE CUPROUS CHLORIDE DETERGENTS DEXTRIN DEXTROSE DIAZO SALTS DIGLYCOLIC ACID DISODIUM PHOSPHATE DISTILLED WATER ETHYLENE GLYCOL FATTY ACIDS FERRICCHLORIDE FERRIC HYDROXIDE FERRIC NITRATE FERRIC SULFATE FERROUS CHLORIDE FERROUS SULFATE FISH SOLUBLES FLUOBORIC ACID FLUORINE GAS (WET) FLUOROSILICIC ACID, 25% FRUCTOSE FRUIT JUICES 8 PULP FREON 11 FREON 12 GALLIC ACID GASOLINE. JET FUEL IP.‘l

METHYL ALCOHOL METHYL SULFURIC MILK MOLASSES MURIATIC ACID NATURAL GAS NICKELCHLORIDE NICKEL NITRATE NICKEL SULPHATE NICOTINE NICOTINE ACID NITROUSOXIDE OILS 8 FATS OIL, SOUR CRUDE OLEIC ACID CI$$lC$CID

ACID

k.i

._.. ._

GLUCOSE GLYCERINE GLYCOL GLYCOLIC ACID GRAPESUGAR HYDROBROMIC ACID. H:gOCHLORIC ACID. 10”. 30’. 35% HYDROCYANIC ACID HYDROGEN HYDROGEN PEROXIDE, 30% 50% H::;OGEN SULFIDE HYDROQUINONE HYDROXYMMINE SULFATE HYPOCHLORENE ACID HYPOCHLOROUS ACID KEROSENE KRAFT LIOUORS LACTIC ACID. 25% LAURIC ACID LEAD ACETATE LEAD CHLORIDE LEAD SULFATE LINOLEIC ACID LINSEED OIL LITHIUM BROMIDE LU[c;;A;;NG OIL ASTM C2 MACHINE OIL MAGNESIUM CARBONATE MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE MAGNESIUM NITRATE MAGNESIUM SULFATE MALEIC ACID MALIC ACID MANUFACTUREDGAS MERCURIC CHLORIDE MERCURIC CYANIDE MERCUROUS NITRATE MERCURY 7OY mm h?mperature

TRICHLORIDE AkSENlC ACID, 80% BARIUM CARBONATE BARIUM CHLORIDE BARIUM HYDROXIDE BARIUM SULFATE i;,“b”M SULFIDE

-_-.

BEET SUGAR LIQUORS BENZOIC ACID BISMUTH CARBONATE BLACK LIOUOR BLEACH112%CLI BORAX BORIC ACID BREEDERS PELLETS ,d~;p,fc~~’ CADMIUM CYANIDE CALCIUM BISULFIDE CALCIUM BISULFITE CALCIUM CARBONATE CALCIUM CHLORIDE CALCIUM HYDROXIDE CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE CALCIUM NITRATE CALCIUM SULPHATE CARBON DIOXIDE CARBON MONOXIDE CARBONIC ACID CASTOR OIL CAUSTIC POTASH CAUSTIC SODA CHLORAL HYDRATE CHLORIC ACID. 20% CHLORIDE (WATER) CHLORINE WATER CHROME ALUM CITRIC ACID COPPER CARBONATE COPPER CHLORIDE COPPERCYANIDE COPPER FLUORIDE Unless specified,

OZONE PALMITRIC ACID, 10% PERCHLORIC ACID. 10% PETROLEUM LIOUIFIER PHOSGENE. GAS PHOSPHORIC ACID. 10% PHOSPHORIC ACID. 25% PHOSPHORIC ACID. 75% PHOSPHORIC ACID, 85% PHOTO SOLUTIONS DK #3 DEKTAL DEVELOPER KODAK FIXER KODAK SHORT STOP POTASSIUM ALUM POTASSIUM BICARBONATE POTASSIUM BICHROMATE POTASSIUM BORATE POTASSIUM BROMATE POTASSIUM BROMIDE POTASSIUM CARBONATE POTASSIUM CHROMATE POTASSIUM CHLORATE POTASSIUM CHLORIDE POTASSIUM CYANIDE POTASSIUM DICHROMATE POTASSIUM FERRICYANIDE POTASSIUM FERROCYANIDE POTASSIUM FLUORIDE POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE POTASSIUM NITRATE POTASSIUM PERBORATE POTASSIUM PERCHLORATE POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE. 1046 POTASSIUM SULFATE PROPANE PROPANE GAS PLATING SOLUTIONS BRASS CADMIUM :zlER INDIUM LEAD NICKEL RHODIUM SILVER TIN ZINC RAYON COAGULATING BATH SEA WATER SEWERAGE SILICIC ACID SILVER ZYANIDE SILVER NITRATE SILVER PLATING SOLUTION :A:;: SULFATE

SODIUM ACETATE SODIUM ALUM SODIUM BENZOATE SODIUM BICARBONATE SODIUM BISULFATE SODIUM BISULFITE SODIUM BROMIDE SODIUM CARBONATE SODIUM CHLORATE SODIUM CHLORIDE SODIUM CYANIDE SODIUM DICHROMATE SODIUM FERRICYANIDE SODIUM FERROCYANIDE SODIUM FLOURIDE SODIUM HYDROXIDE. 10% 30% 50% SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SODIUM NITRATE SODIUM SUl~rlTE SODIUM SilLI IDE SODIUM SULFITE SOUR CRUDE OIL (WEST TEXAS) STANNICCHLORIDE STANNOUS CHLORIDE STARCH STEARIC ACID SULFUR SULFUR DIOXIDE. (DRY) SULFUR TRIOXIDE SULFURIC ACID 3”.
10%

ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE ETHYLENE OXIDE FLUORINE. GAS FURFURAL HEXANE HYDROFLUORIC ACID. _.
0

IOZE

20% 33’. 50% SL?&ROUS ACID TAN OIL TANNIC ACID TARTARIC ACID TANNING LIOUORS TRISODIUM PHOSPHATE UREA URINE VINEGAR WATER. ACID MINE WATER. DEIONIZED WATER, DEMINERALIZED WATER, DISTILLED WATER, FRESH WATER, SALT WHISKEY WHITE LIOUOR WINES ZINC CHLORIDE ZINC SULFATE ZINC NITRATE

::aTuooNAEss METHYL CHLORIDE METHYLENE CHLORIDE METHYL ETHYL KETONE METHYL ISO-BUlYL KETONE NAPHTHALENE NITRIC ACID, ANHYDROUS NITRIC ACID. 68% NITROBENZENE OLEUM PALMITRIC ACID, 7090 PERACETIC ACID. 40% PERCHLORIC ACID, 15”. RECOMMENDEDPERCHLORICACID. 700. PHENYLrlYDRAZINE ACETALDEHYDE PHOSGENE. LIOUID ACETIC ACID. PURE PHOSPHORUS ACETIC ACID. 80% TRICHLORIDE ACETIC ACID. GLACIAL PICRICACID ACETIC ANHYDRIDE PROPYLENE ACETONE DICHLORIDE ALLYL ALCOHOL, 96% STODDARDS SOLVENT ALLYL CHLORIDE SULFUR DIOXIDE. (WET) AMMONIA (LIQUID) SULFURIC ACID. AMMONIUM FLUORIDE, 60% 25% 85% AMYL ACETATE 940. AMYL ALCOHOL 95% AMYLCHLORIDE TETRAHYDROFURANE ANILINE THIONYL CHLORIDE ANILINE TITANIUM CHLOROHYDRATE TETRACHLORIDE ANILINE TOLUOL OR TOLUENE HYDROCHLORIDE TRI BUTYL PHOSPHATE AQUA REGIA TRICWLOROETHYLENE AROMATIC TUHPENTINE HYDROCARBONS VINYL ACETATE BENZALDEHYDE. 10% XYLENE OR XYLOL BENZALDEHYDE.ABOVE ._.

NOT

I”%

RECOMMENDED
(@72”F) ANTHRAOUINONE ARYLSUFONlC ACID BUTYL ALCOHOL BUTYL PHENOL CELLOSOLVE CHLOROACETIC ACID CRESYLICACID, 50% CRUDE OIL ETHYL ALCOHOL FORMALDEHYDE FORMIC ACID GASOLINE HEPTANE HEXANOL. TERTIARY HYDROFLUORIC ACID. 46% LINOLEIC OIL

BENZENE BROMINE, LIOUID BROMINE WATER BUTADIENE BUTANE BUTANOL. PRIMARY BUTANOL.SECONDARY BUTYL ACETATE BUTYNE DIOL BUTYRIC ACID CARBON BISULFIDE CA.RI-mN TETRACHLORIDE CHLORINE (DRY) CHLORINE. GAS CHLORINE GAS (WET) CHLOROBENZENE CHLOROFORM CHROMIC ACID, 10% &l;g;c ACID, 50%

_. __..

.

CROTONALDEHYDE CYCLOHEXANOL CYCLOHEXANONE DIMETHYLAMINE DIOCTYLPHTHALATE ESTERS ETHERS ETHYL ACETATE ETHYL ACRYLATE ETHYL CHLORIDE ETHYL ETHER ETHYLENE BROMIDE ETHYLENE CHLOROHYDRIN

deta 6 basedon

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

155

TABLE 1.47: POLYVINYL

CHLORIDE TANK LINERS-PEABODY
a wide variety

TECTANK
of chemicals. A partial guide to chemicals

TECLINE TL990 liners are suitable for the storage of which TECLINE TL990 liner will safely store includes:

Acetic Acid (10%) Ammonium Hydroxide (30%) Ammonium Phosphate’ Ammonium Sulfate Antifreeze (Ethylene Glycol)’ Animal Oil’ Boric Acid Bromic Acid Calcium Chloride Solutions* Calcium Hydroxide Chlorine Solution (20%) Chromic Acid (10%) Clorox Crude Oil’ Diesel Fuel Ethyl Alcohol Fertilizer Solutions*
l l

Gasoline* Glycerine’ Hydraulic Fluid Hydrochloric Acid (60%) Hydrofluosilicic Acid (30%) Hydrogen Peroxide (30%) Isopropyl Alcohol Jet Fuel (JP-4)’ Kerosene Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Hydroxide Methyl Alcohol Mineral Spirits Naptha Nitric Acid Phenol Formaldehyde Phosphoric Acid (75%)
l l

Potassium Chloride* Potassium Sulphate’ Salt Water* Sea Water’ Sodium Acetate Solution Sodium Bisulfite Solution Sodium Hydroxide (60%)’ Sulphuric Acid (40%) Tannic Acid (50%) Turpentine Urea* Zinc Chloride*
‘May be stored in Peabody TecTank’s TherrnoThane 7000, factorycoated bolted tanks.

TABLE 1.48: POLYVINYLIDENE
FORAFLON@

FLUORIDE-RILSAN

However, solutions.

in general resists mineral acids, bases, saline solutions, oxidizing agents, and halogens. it is attacked by concentrated hot sulphuric acid or nitric acid and very concentrated alkaline resists alcohols, chlorinated solvents, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons and crude oil.

FORAFLON”

It swells in certain dimethylacetamide,

polar solvents like ketones and esters and dissolves in aprotic solvents like dimethylformamide and N methylpyrrolidone. It is also attacked by hot amines. of FORAFLONQD immersed under stress

As an indication, the following table shows the good resistance in some particularly aggressive reagents.

Test pieces are cut according to ASTM D 1708 from an extruded plate 0.7 mm thick, and either unbent or bent by the device recommended in standard ASTM D 1693: the.y are immersed in a reagent at the temperature indicated. The tensile properties are checked periodically.

For the reagents indicated, the yield strength of both bent and unbent test pieces varied by at least 10% after one year, as compared with that of a control left in the air at the same temperature.
Reagents Concentrated hydrochloric acid, 36% Sulphuric acid 80% Nitric acid 32% Chromatosulphuric mixture (CrO3, 50%, H2SOq. 15%, H20, 35%) Acetrc acrd 50% Caustic soda 45% Sodium carbonate 40% Ethylene glycol, pure Perchloroethylene Crude 011 Temperature 130 :: 90 130 :: 90 130 90 90 130 “C

156

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.49:

TETRAFLUOROETHYLENE

HOSE-EVERFLEX

PRODUCTS

PARTIAL

LIST OF CHEMICALS

AND MATERIALS

COMPATIBLE

WITH TEFLON

HOSE

“Teflon”@ TFE fluorocarbon resin is so broadly chemically resistant that factors such as temperature, pressure and their fluctuations are usually the primary influence on the serviceability of this material in a specific application. Solvents and gases known to require special consideration due to these factors are indicated by asterisk(*). Also, selection of material for fittings is influenced by reagent, concentration, duration of exposure and other considerations. For guidance only, our preliminary recommendations for coupling material are indicated by letter following the reagent, thus: (B) brass; (Cl carbon steel; (S) stainless steel; (M) monel.

Teflon is attacked bv only two classes of chemiulr: al Molten alkali metals rueh as sodium 11 potassun bi Fluorahemicals rush as chlorine tnflwride ICIF,

._-

I and oxggnn

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

157

TABLE 1.50: TETRAFLUOROETHYLENE

RESINS-DUPONT

Table I-Tvoical
Abietic acid Acetic acid Acetic anhydride Acetone Acetophenone Acrylic anhydride Ally1 acetate Ally1 methacrylate Aluminum chloride Ammonia, liquid Ammonium chloride Aniline Benzonitrile Benzoyl chloride Benzyl alcohol Borax Boric acid Bromine n-Butyl amine Butyl acetate Butyl methacrylate Calcium chloride Carbon disulfide

Chemicals with Which TEFLON Resins Are Comoatiblel
Ferric chloride Ferric phosphate Fluoronaphthalene Fluoronitrobenzene Formaldehyde Formic acid Furane Gasoline Hexachloroethane Hexane Hydrazine Hydrochloric acid Hydrofluoric acid Hydrogen peroxide Lead Magnesium chloride Mercury Methyl ethyl ketone Methactylic acid Methanol Methyl methactylate Naphthalene Naphthols Nitric acid
points swelling. of the liquids Note Values Itsted.

Cetane Chlorine Chloroform Chlorosulfonic acid Chromic acid Cyclohexane Cyclohexanone Dibutyl phthalate Dibutyl sebacate Diethyl carbonate Dimethyl ether Dimethyl formamide Di-isobutyl adipate Dimethylformamide Dimethyl hydrazine, unsymmetrical Dioxane Ethyl acetate Ethyl alcohol Ethyl ether Ethyl hexoate Ethylene bromide Ethylene glycol

Nitrobenzene 2-Nitro-butanol Nitromethane Nitrogen tetroxide P-Nitro-2-methyl propanol n-Octadecyl alcohol Oils, animal and vegetable Ozone Perchlorethylene Pentachlorobenzamide Perfluoroxylene Phenol Phosphoric acid Phosphorus pentachloride Phthalic acid Pinene Piperidene Polyacrylonitrile Potassium acetate

Potassium hydroxide Potassium permanganate Pyridine Soap and detergents Sodium hydroxide Sodium hypochlorite Sodium peroxide Solvents, aliphatic and aromatic2 Stannous chloride Sulfur Sulfuric acid Tetrabromoethane Tetrachloroethylene Trichloroacetic acid Trichlorethylene Tricresyl phosphate Triethanolamine Vinyl methacrylate Water Xylene Zinc chloride

1. Based on expenmenls
with TEFLON 2. Some resns. halogenated

conducted

up lo the bolllng moderate

Absence of a speclflc chemical does not mean that 11 lncompatlble is
only and not for speckatlon purposes.

solvents

may cause

are averages

Table II-Exposure of TEFLON Resins to Acids and Bases. Exposure
Reagent Hydrochloricacid 10% Temp., “C (F) 25 (77) 50 (122) 70 (158) 100 (212) 200 (392) 25 (77) 70 (158) Exp” ,s;re Weight Increp&

12 mo. 12 mo. 8 hr. 8 hr. 12 mo. 12 mo.

0 : 0 0 E.1

20%
Nitric acid 10%

Sulfuric

acid 30% 25 (77) 70 (158) 100 (212) 200 (392) 12 mo. 8 hr. 8 hr. : 0 0.1

Sodium hydroxide

10% 50%

25 (77) 70 (158) 100 (212)
25 (77) 70 (158)

12 mo. 12 mo. 8 hr.
12 mo. 12 mo.

0 0.1 0
0 0.1

Ammonium hydroxide

10%

(continued)

158

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.50: TETRAFLUOROETHYLENE

RESINS-DU

PONT (continued)

Table Ill-Exposure of TEFLON Resins to Solvents. Exposure $rng;; Solvent Acetone 25 (77) 50 (122) 70 (158) 78 (172) loo (212) 200 (392) 25 50 70 loo 200 25 50 70 loo (77) (122) (158) (212) (392) (77) (122) (158) (212) 12 mo. 12 mo. 2 wk. 96 hr. 8 hr. 8 hr. 12 mo. 12 mo. 2 wk. 8 hr. 8 hr. 12 mo. 12 mo. 2 wk. 8 hr. 8 hr. 12 mo. 12 mo. 2 wk. 12 mo. 12 mo. 2 wk. 0.30 0.4 0 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.6 1.6 ::95 3.7 0 0 0
0.1
Table II and Table Ill Notes: Many of the laboratory evaluations were run at the boiling point of the chemicals listed. This should not be considered the upper use temperature for TEFLON resins in such environments, which can be considerably higher. l These are essentially equilibrium test values: additional exposure times would not increase the values significantly. l Weight changes less than 0.2% are not considered to be experimentally significant. l Values are test averages only and are not for specification purpfxes. l Tests at over the boiling point of the reagent were in an enclosed chamber, hence at its vapor pressure.
l

Exyzre

InCZF,

Benzene

Carbon tetrachloride

Ethyl alcohol (95%)

200(392)

0.3 0.5 0.70 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.6

Ethyl acetate

25 (77) 50 (122) 70 (158) 25 (77) 50 (122) 70 (158)

Toluene

Table IV-Absorption of Representative fluorocarbon resins(l)

Liquids In TEFLON@ 160 FEP and TEFLON@ 350 PFA

168 Hour Exposures to Solvents’at Their Boiling Pointsm Range of Temperature Weight Gains “C “F % __ 185 (365) 0.3-0.4 Aniline 201 (394) 0.6-0.8 Acetophenone 179 (354) 0.4-0.5 Benzaldehyde 204 (400) 0.3-0.4 Benzyl Alcohol 78 (172) 0.3-0.4 n-Butyl Amine 78 (172) 2.3-2.4 Carbon Tetrachloride 190 (372) 0.1-0.2 Dimethyl Sulfoxide 1.2(3) 47 (117) Freon@113 99 (210) 0.7-0.8 Iso-Octane 210 (410) 0.7-0.9 Nitrobenzene 121 (250) 2.0-2.3 Perchloroethylene 68 (154) 1.7-2.7 Sulfuryl Chloride 110 (230) 0.7-0.8 Toluene 200(‘)(392) 1.8-2.0 Tri-Butyl Phosphate

166 Hour Exposure to Acidic Reagent Temperature “C “F Bromine (anhyd.) Chlorine (anhyd.) Chlorsulfonic Acid Chromic Acid, 50% Ferric Chloride, 25% Hydrochloric Acid, 37% Phosphoric Acid (Cone) Zinc Chloride, 25%
Table IV Notes: (1) No significant differences between FEP and PFA resins in these tests. (2) These are essentially equilibrium values; additional exposure times would not increase the values significantly. (3) PFA data only. (4) Not boiling. (5) Values are test averages only and are not for specification purposes.

Range of Weight Gains %
0.5(3' 0.5-0.6 0.7-0.8 0.00-0.01 0.00-0.01 0.00-0.03 0.00-0.01 0.00-0.03

22 120 150 120 100 120 100 100

(-5) (248) (302) (248) (212) (248) (212) (212)

TABLE 1.51:

VINYL

ESTER RESINS-INTERPLASTIC
Maximum

CORP.
Temperature OF Concentration Chemical
Ammonium Slcarbonate Slsultlte Carbonate Chlorlda Citrate Fluoride Hydroxlda

Chemical Resistance Co-Rezyn’3 Vinyl Ester Resins*
Concentratlor Chemical A
Acataldehyde Acetlc Acid All O-25 25-50 50-75 Acetlc Anhydrlde ACetOm Acrylic Acid All 100 25 All All 10 100 Alcohol, teopropyl 10 100 Alcohol, Methyl 10 100 Atcohol, Alcohol, Methyl lrobutyl Sutyl 10 10 All All Chloride Fluorlde Hydroxtde Nltrate Poteulum Aqueous Gas Ltquld Acetate 65 Sulfate All All All All All O-20

% by Weigh

1
1 t \IE \IE

Recommended

Maximum VE 8100 VE 8300
150 150 150 210 150 150 180 150 150 100 180 180 210 210 NR NR 150 210 180

Recommended

Temperature

OF

8100 8300
VE 8440

VE 8710

VE 8520

% by Weigh
O-50 All All All All All 5 IO

VE 8440
150 150 150 210 150 150 180 150 150 100 180 180 210 210 NR NR 150 210 180

VE 8710
150 150 150 210 150 150 180 180 180 150 180 180 210 210 NR NR 180 210 180

VE 8520
150 150 150 210 150 150 150 150 150 100 180 180 210 210 NR NR 150 210

NR 210 180 150 NR NR 100 NR 100 156 SO 156 100 150 NR 150 150 NR 210 210 80 180 160 210 140 100 NR 80

NR 210 180 150 NR NR 100 NR 160 150 SO 150 100 150 NR 150 150 NR 210 210 80 180 160 210 140 100 NR 60 150 150 NR 220 210 80 200 180 220 140 180 NR 60 100 NR 120 150 100 150 120 150 210 210 180

NR 150 150

Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium Ammonium

NR NR

Ammonium Ammonium

AcfyIonltrlle Alcohd. Alcohol, Butyt Ethyl

NR

20 29

150

Ammonium Ammonium

Nitrate Persulfate Phosphate Sulfate

All All 65 All 100 All

t50

Ammonium Ammonium Amyl Acetate

NR 150 150 NR 210 210 80 150 150 210 140 100 NR

Anlllne Anlllne Anlllne Hydrochloride Sulfate Acid

All All All

Secondary

Ally1 Chloride Alum Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum Atumlnum Ammonia. Ammonia, Ammonia, Ammonium

Arsenlous

0
0-Benroyl Barium Earlurn Barlom Sarlum Barium Earlum Seer Benzolc Acid All All All All O-IQ All All 780 210 210 210 150 210 180 120 180 210 210 210 150 210 180 180 210 210 210 180 210 180 210 210 210 15r 210 180

Acetate Carbonate Chloride Hydroxlda Sulfate Sulfide

(continued)

TABLE

1.51:

VINYL

ESTER

RESINS-INTERPLASTIC CORP. (continued) Maximum Recommended Temperature OF VE 8100 VE 0300
NR 210 VE8440 VE

I
Concentratio Chemical
Csdmlum Cysnlde Plrtlng 3% Cadmium Oxide 10% Sodium Cyanide 1% Caustic Soda Calcium Csiclum Calcium Calcium Calcium Cslclum Blsulflte Carbonate Chlorate Chloride Hydroxtde Hypochlorlte Nltrate Sulfate Sulfite

Maximum Recommended Temperature OF IE 8100 IE 8300
180 VE 8440

s

Concentratio Chemical % by Weigh
100

8710
NR 210 210 210 1.90

VE 8520
NR

% by Weigh
Sotn.:

VE 8710
200

VE 8520 9

senrene
5% Benzene Benzene

NR 210 210 210 NR NR

180

in Kerosene
Acid All All 100 100

Sullonic

210 210 NR NR

210 210 NR NR

All All All All All All All All All All 100

180 180 210 210 180 160 210 210 180 180 180 210 NR 210

180 180 210 210 180 180 210 210 180 180 180 210 NR 210 100 150 100 210 150

180 180 210 210 210 180 210 210 180 180 210 240 NR 240 150 150 100 210 150

180 180 210 210 180 160 210 210 180 180 180 210 NR 210

Bcnzolc Acid Benzyl Alcohol Benzyl Chloride Black Liquor Recovery, (hrrnace gasses)

325

32.5

350

Brass PIstIng 3% 6% 1% 3%

Solution:

180

180

180

Calcium Calcium Calcium

Copper CyanMe Sodium Cyanide Zinc CyanIda Sod& Carbonate Llquld NR NR NR NR

Sromlne,

Cane Sugar Llqwr Capylic Acid Dloxlde Dlsulflda Monoxide Tetrachlorlde Acid

5

180

180

190

Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon

Bronze Plating 4% 5% 3% 4.5%

Solution:

180

180

190

Copper Cyanlde Sodium Cyanide Sodlunl carbonate Rochelle Salta 100 O-50 100 NR 210 NR 210 NR 210 100 NR

100

100 150 100 210

Bulyl Acetate Sutyrlc Acid

Carbowsx Castor Carboxy 011 Methyl Cellulose 10

210 150

150

Sutyl Senzyl Butyl Carbltol

Phthslate

100 100 100 100

150

150

150 100 100 Chlorinated (caustic Chlorinated Chlorine Chlorine Chlorlne, Brine Liquors chlorine cell) Wax All 15 Satd. 100 100 180 200 160 210 210 NR 180 200 180 210 210 NR 190 180 200 180 210 210 NR 180 210 210 NR 180

Sutyl Cellosolve Eutylene Glycol

160

160

180

DIoxIdelAIr Dloxlde, Dry Gas Wet Gas Llquld Wet Gas

c
Cadmium Chorlde All 180 180 180 180

Chlorine. Chlorine,

(continued)

TABLE

1.51:

VINYL

ESTER

RESINS-INTERPLASTIC fE 8100 fE 8300
160 120 100 NR NR NR NR

CORP.

(continued)
Maximum Recommended Temperature OF

Maximum Recommended Temperature “F Concentratio Chemical
Chlorine Wsbr Acid

Concentratio VE 8440
180 120 100 NR NR NR NR

IE 8100 IE 8300
200

% by Weigh
All 25 50 Con.

VE 8710
190 120 100 NR 100 NR NR 140

VE 8520

Chemical
Copper Pickling Bath: 10% Ferrk Sulfate 10% Sulturlc Acid copper Sulfate

% by Weigh

VE 8440
200

VE 8710
200

VE 8520

Chioroecetk

All

210 210

210 210 210 210 210 NR 210 210 120 100

210 210 210 210 210 NR 210 210 120 120

210 210 210 210 210 NR 210 210

NR NR NR NR

Corn Oil Corn Starch Corn Sugar Cottonseed Cresyllc Crude Crude Oil 100 100 100 100 100 Slurry All

Chlorobenxene Chloroform Chloraulfonk Acid

100 100 100

210 210 210 NR 210 210 120 100

Chrome PIstIng 60th: 19% Chromic Acid Sodium Fluoroslllcats

Acid 011, Sour 011, Sweet

sunate
Chromic Acid 20 30 150 NR 150 NR 150

Cyclohexene 140 NR Cyclohexenone 150 210 210 All All All 210 210 210 150 210 210 210 210 210 190 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210

Chromium Cltrlc Acid

SuMate

All All

D
Detergents, Diallyl Sultonated All All Phosphate 65 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 210 150 210 NR 100 NR NR NR NR NR 160 60 NR 60 NR 210 150 210 NR 100 NR NR NR NR NR 160 60 NR 60 NR 210 190 210 NR 150 120 NR NR NR NR 200 120 NR 100 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 160 210 NR

Coconut Copper

011 Chloride

phthalate

CopperCyanide
Copper Fluoride

Di-Ammonium Dlbromophenol Dibutyl Dlchloro Ether

Copper

Nitrate

All

210

210

210

copper Plating Sokls. Copper Cyenlde 10.5% CopPer 14% Sodium Cyenlde 6% Rochelh Bells

Benzene

160

150

190

Dichloroethylene Dichloromonomethsne Dichloropropane

Copper Brlts Plellng Csustlc-cyenlde

160

160

190

Dlchloropropene Diesel Fuel Amine

Copper Plating Boln. 45% Copper nuoroborate 19% copper Sulfate 8% Sulturk Acid Copper Matte Dlpplng Beth: 30% Ferric Chloride 19% Hydrochloric

160

160

200 DIethanoI Dlethyl

Amlne Benzene Carbonate

160

160

200

Diethyl Dlethyl

(continued)

TABLE 1.51:

VINYL

ESTER RESINS-INTERPLASTIC

CORP. (continued)
Temperature OF Concentratio Maxlmum WE 8100 VE 8300 VE 8440 VE 8710
100 80 80 100

Concentration 1 \IE 8100 Chemical Oiethytane Glycol Diethylhexyl Phosphoric Acid (in Kerosene) Diethyl Sulfate Diisobutylene Oiisobutyl Phthalata Dllsopropanol Amlne Dlmethyl FormamIde Olmethyl Morpbollne Dimethyl Phthelate Dioctyl Phthalate Dlpropylene Glycol DMA 4 Weed Killer 2,4D DMA 6 Weed Killer Dodecyl Alcohol % by Weigh t 100 20 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 150 150 \{E 8300 150 VE 8440 150 120 NR 100 100 100 NR NR 150 150 150 180 150 150 120 120 180 150 150 150 NR NR NR F Fatty Acids Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferric Sullate Ferrous Chloride Ferrous Nltrate Ferrous Sulfate 8-8-8 Fertllirer FertillzerUrea Ammonium Nitrate E Electrosol Epichlorohydrin Epoxidlzed Soybean 011 Esters, Fatty AcIda Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Acrylate Ethyl Benzene Ethyl Sromlde Ethyl Chloride Ethyl Ether Ethylene Chlorohydrln Ethylene Glycol 5 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 All 210 210 150 NR 150 180 NR NR NR NR NR NR 150 NR 150 180 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 100 210 210 150 NR 150 180 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR Freon 11 Fuel Oil Furfural Formaldehyde Formic Acid 150 NR 150 Flue Gas Fluoborlc Acid FluosillclcAcid VE 8710 200 150 120 VE 8520 Chemical

1
NR

Maximum

Recommended

Recommended

Temperature

OF

% by Wefgt All 100

VE 8520

EthyleneGlyeolMor&utyiEttw Ethyl Sulfate

120

NR

100 100 100 NR NR 150 150 150

All All All All All All All

210 210 210 210 210 210 210 120

210 210 210 210 210 210 210 120

210 210 210 210 210 210 210 120

210 210 210 210 210 210 210

120

120

120

340 All 10 20 All 10 All 180 210 180 150 180 100 100 100 5 10 100 180 120 100 NR

340 180 210 180 150 180 100
100 180

340 210 210 180 15c 180 100 100 180 150 120 NR NR
180 180

210 180

100

120 100 NR

(continued)

TABLE 1.51:

VINYL

ESTER RESINS-INTERPLASTIC
Maximum Concentratio VE 8100 VE 8300 VE 8440

CORP. (continued)
Temperature OF Concentration VE 8710 VE 8520; Chemical Hydrobromlc Acid % by Weight O-25 25-50 Hydrochloric Acid Hydrochloric Acid saturated wlth Chlorine gse Hydrocysnlc Acid O-20 20-37 30 Maximum IIE 8100 1IE 8300
180

Recommended

Recommended

Temperature

“F

Chemical G

% by Weigh

VE 8440
180 100

VE 0710 200 200 210 180 190

VE 8520

Gas. Natural
Gasoline, Auto Gsrollne, Avletlon Gssollne, Ethyl Gssollne, Sour Gluconk ACM Glucoee Gluteraldehydc Gluterk Acid Glycertne Glycol. Ethylene Glycol, Propylene Glycollc Acid
50 180

210 190 150 190 180 150 210 120 120 210 210 210 190 80 90 190

210 180 150 190 190 190 210 120 120 210 210 210 150 90 80 190

210 190 190 190

210

100 210 190 190

210 190 190

210 180

All 10 20

180 150 100 180 160 210 210 150 210 210 190 190

150 150 100 190 190 210 210 150 210 210 190 190 150 150

180 150 100 190 190 210 210 150 210 210 190 150 100 150

190 150 100 190 190 210 210 150 210 210 190 180 150 150

190 Hydtolluwlc Acid 190 210 120 Hydrogen Sromlde, Wet Gas 100 100 100 O-30 All All 120 Hydrogen Chlortde, Dry Gas 210 210 210 200 Hydrogen Sulfide, Aqueour 100 Hydrogen Fluorlde, Vapor 80 Hydroeultlte Bleach 180 190 Hypochlorous Acid 10 20 190 150 210 Hydrogen Chlortde, Wet Gas 210 Hydrogen Peroxlde 210 Hydrogen Sulflde, dry 150 210 HydrotluoslllclcAcid 10

All SO 50 All All All 10 70

Glyoxal Gold Plating Solution: 63% Potserlum Ferrocysnlde 2% Potarrlum Gold Cysnlde .8% Sodium Cyantda

40

H
troll

HOptllll~ liexane Hexylene Glycol Hot Stack Gerres Hydraulk Fluld Hydrerlna

150 i50 150 340 210 NR

150 150 150 340 210 NR

150 150 150 340 210 NR

150 150 150

PtathIg Solutton: 45%FeCl : 15%CeCl 20FeSO,:ll%(NH,),SO~

190

180

180

Iron end Steel Clesnlng Seth: 9% Hydrochlork 23% Sulturk

190

180

190

210 NR

isopropyl Amlno lropropyl Palmltate

All 100

100 210

100

120 210 210 (continued) z

210

TABLE

1.51:

VINYL

ESTER

RESINS-INTERPLASTIC
Maximum

CORP.

(continued)
OF Concentration Maximum fE 8100 IE 8300
210 210 NR NR NR NR NR 210 Dlsulflde Acetlc Acid

Recommended

Temperature

Recommended

Temperature

OF

Concentration Chemical
J
Jet Fuel

ilE 8100 fE 8300
VE 8440

% by Weigh1

VE 8710

VE 8520

Chemical
Mercuric Chloride Chloride Chloride

% by Weigh1
All All 100 100 100 100 100

VE 8440
210 210 NR NR NR NR NR 210 200 NR NR 210 210

VE 8710
210 210 NR NR NR NR NR 210 200 NR NR 210 210

VE 8520
210 210 xI( NR NR NR NR 210

180

180

180

Marcurous Methylene

K
KeImene

Methyl

Ethyl Ketone lsobutyl Isobutyl Styrene Ollr Carbltol Ketone

180

180

180

180

Methyl Methyl

L Lactic Acid Lasso (50% Chlorobenzone) titex Laura1Chtorlde Laurie Acid Lead Acetate Lead NItrate Lead Pletlng Solution: 6% Lead .8% fluorborlc Acid .4% Boric Acid LevullnlcAcid Linseed 011 Lithium Bromide
Llthlum Sulfate All All All

All

210 Ntt

210 NR 120 210 210 210 210 180

210 120 120 210 210 210 210 IS0

210 NR

Methyl Mineral

All 100
Ail All All

120 210 210 210 210 180

Molybdenum 210 210 210 210 Monochloro

100 100 100

200 NR NR 210

NR NR 210 210

Monoethynolamlne Motor 011 Myrlstlc Acid

100

210

210 210 210 210

210 210 210 210

210 210 210 210

210

N
210 Naphtha 210 Naphthelene 210 Nickel Nickel Chloride Nltrate All All 100 100 180

180
180 210 210 180

180 200 210 210 180

120 180 210 210 180

180
210 210 180

M
Magnesium Magnesium Magnesium Magneelum Magnesium Malelc Acid Slrulflte Carbonate Chloride Hydroxide Sultate All All All All 180 180 210 210 210 210 IS0 180 210 210 210 210 180 180 210 210 210 210 180 180 210 210 210 210

Nickel Platlno 8% Lead .S% fluoborlc Acid .4% Sorlc Acid Nickel Plating 11% Nickel Sulfate 2% Nickel Chloride 1% Sorlc Acid Nickel PLetlng 44% Nickel Sulfate 4% Ammonium Chloride 4% Sorlc Acid Nickel Sulfate

180

180

180

180

180

180

180

180

All All

All

210

210

210

210

(continued)

TABLE 1.51:

VINYL

ESTER RESINS-INTERPLASTIC
Concentration

CORP. (continued)
Temperature OF Concentratior Maximum VE 8100 VE 8300
210

Chemical
Nitric Acid

% by Weigh1 I
5 20 52

1
I

Maximum

Recommended

Recommended

Temperature

QF

v‘E 8100
\i‘E 8300
150

VE 8440
150 120 NR 160 NR

VE 8710
150 140 120 160 NR

VE 8520
150 120 NR

Chemical
Phthallc Acid

% by Weighi
All

VE 8440
210

VE 8710
210

VE 8520
210

120 NR 160 NR

Pickling Acids, Sulfurlc and tiydrochlorlc Picrlc Acid, Alcoholic 10 All 100

210 210 210 120 120

210 210 210 120 120

210 210 210 120 120

210 210 210 120 120

Nitric Acid Fumes

160 Polyvinyl NR Polyvinyl Alcohol Acetate Latex

0
Oaklte Rust Stripper Oclanoic Acid 100 100 100 All Sulfuric) 100 All 160 160 210 210 210 NR 210 210 160 160 210 210 210 NR 210 210 160 210 210 210 210 NR 210 210 160 160 210 210 210 NR 210 210

Polyvinyl Chloride Latex with 35 parts DOP Potassium Potassium Potssslum Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium Polarslum Alum Sulfate Blcsrbonate Bromide Carbonate Chlorlde Dlchromate Ferricyanlde Ferrocyanlde Hydroxlda Nltrate Permanganate PersuIfa1e Sulfate Acid All O-50 All All All All All All All All All All All 20 60 100 100 Acid 100 All Fumes o-54 100 NR NR 210 210 210 NR NR NR 210 210 210 NR NR NR 210 220 210 NR NR NR 210 210 210 NR Propylene Gtycol All

210 150 210 150 210 210 210 210 150 210 210 210 210 200 160 NR 210 160

210 150 210 150 210 210 210 210 150 210 210 210 210 200 160 NR 210 160 NR

220 150 210 150 210 210 210 210 150 210 210 210 210 200 160 NR 210 160 NR

210 150 210 150 210 210 210 210 150 210 210 210 210 200 160 NR 210

Oil, Sour Crude Oil, Sweet Crude Oleic Acid Oleum (Fuming Olive 011 Oxalic Acid

P
Perchlorathylene Perchlorlc 100 10 30 Peroxide Bleach 2% Sodium Peroxlde g6% .025% Epson? Salt& 5% Sodium Sillcrfe, 42’BE 1.4% Sulhirlc Acid, 86’Be Phenol Phenol Sulfonlc Phorphorlc Phosphoric Phosphorous Phosphorous Acid Acid PentoxIde Trlchlorlde 100 150 100 210 100 150 100 210 100 150 100 210 100 150 100 210

Potassium Potassium Potasrlum Potassium PropIonIc

Acid

Pulp Paper Mill Effluent Pyrldlne 100

NR

NR

R
Rayon Spln Bath 150 150 150

(continued)

TABLE 1.51:

VINYL

ESTER RESINS-INTERPLASTIC
Maximum Concentration WE8100 rlE 8300
VE 8440

CORP. (continued)
Temperature “F Concentration
VE 8710 VE 8520 Maximum

Recommended

Recommended

Temperature

OF

1IE 8100 IIE 8300 VE 8440 VE 8710
210 210 210 180 130 120 200 200 200 200 210 180 150 180 210 210 210 130 210 210 210 210 200 160 180 210 210 150 210

Chemical

% by Weigh

Chemical

% by Weigh
All All All All All All 5 10 25 50

VE 8520
210 210 210 180 150 120 160 150 120 180 210 160 130 180 210 210 210 130 210 210 210 ‘210 200 180 180 210 210 130 210

S
Selkylk Seback Selenlus Acid Acid Acid All All All All 160 210 210 210 200 160 210 210 210 200 160 210 210 210 200 160 210 210 210

Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium

U-Phosphate Ferrkyanlde Ferrocyanlde Fluoride Fluoro Silicate Hexametaphosphetes Hydroxide

210 210 210 180 150 120 180 150 130 180 210 180 130 180 210 210 210 130 210 210 210 210 200 180 180 210 210 150 210

210 210 210 180 150 120 180 150 130 180 210 180 150 180 210 210 210 130 210 210 210 210 200 180 180 210 210 150 210

Silver Nltrete Sllvar Plating Solution 4% Silver Cvsnlda 7% Potas&m Cyanide 5% Sodlum Cyenlde 2% Potassium Cerbonete

-eP* Sodium Sodium Sodium S&urn Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium So&urn Acetate Alumlnete Alkyl Afyl Sulkmates

All All All All 100 All All All All 10 All o-25 35

210 210 120 150 160 160 120 210 210 210 210 160 160 210 210 150 210 210 210

210 210 120 150 180 160 120 210 210 210 210 160 160 210 210 150 210 210 210

210 210 120 150 210 160 120 210 210 210 210 180 180 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 150 210 210 210 210 210 120 150 180 180 120 210 210

Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sorbltol

Hydrosulflde Hypochlorlte liypochlorlte Lwryl Sullste

All o-5 5-15 All All All All 20 All All All All All 37 All All All All 100

Benmate
Skarbonste Bllluorlde Elsulfata Slsulflta Bromste Sromlde Co&mete

Mono-Phosphate Nltrate Nltrlte Persulfate Silkate Sulfate Sulfide Sulllte Tetra Borate Thlocyenste Thlosulfste Trlpolypho8phste Xylene Sullonate Solutlonr,

Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium

Chlorate Chloride Chlorite Chromate Cyenlde Dlchromete

All All All 50 All All

Sour Crude 011

(continued)

TABLE 1.51:

VINYL

ESTER RESINS-INTERPLASTIC
Maximum VE 1 8100 ’b’E 8300
210

CORP. (continued)
Temperature OF Maximum Recommended Temperature OF

Recommended

Concentratia n Chemical
soya Oil Chloride Chloride

Concentratia
VE 8440
210 210 210 210 NR 100 160 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 160 120 NR 100 210 100 160 210 210 210 210 210 210 210 160 120 NR 100 210 210 NR 210 160 160 160 210 210 210 210

VE 8100 WE 8300
100 NR 200

% by Weigl 1t
All All All All 100 Ail All All O-26 All All

VE 8710
210 210 210 210

VE 8520
210 210 210 210 NR

Chemical
Thioglycolic Thionyl Acid

% by Weigl
10 100

VE 8440
100 NR 200

VE 8710
100 NR 200

VE 8520

Stannk Slsnnous Slasrk StyWe

t

210 210 210 NR 100 160 210 210 210 210 210

Chloride

NR

Acid

Tin Plating 16% Stannous Fluoroborate 7% Till 9% Fluorborlc Acid 2% Boric Acid Tolusne Toluene Solfonlc Acid 100 All

succlommltrlle Sugar, Sugar, Sullamk SultanIlk Bee1 and Cane Liquor sucrose Acid Acid

NR 210

NR 210

100
210

NR 210

Transformer Oils: Mineral 011 Types Chloro-Phenyl Types Trichlor Acetlc Acid 50

210 NR 210

210 NR 210

210 NR 210 100

210 NR 210

S&sled Detergents Sulfur Dloxlde, Dry or Wet Sulfur Trloxlde/Alr Sulturlc ACM

Trkhloroethane Trlchloroethylene Trlchloromonofluoro-Methane Trlchlorophenol Trkresyl Phosphate Sullonate

100 100 100 100 NR 60 NR 100 All 100 Chlorobromlde 100 All 100 All 210 120 NR 210 100 150 NR 60 NR 100 210 120 NR 210 100 150

NR 100 NR 120 210 120 NR 210 150 150

NR

All O-50 SO-70 75 Over 75

210 210 160 120 NR 100 210

NR

Tridecylbenzane Trlethanolamlne Trimethylene Trlsodlum Turpentine Tween’ Surfactant

210

Sulfurous

Acid Acid

All 105% H, PO,

NR 210

SuperphosphorIc 76% Pz 0,

Phosphate

150

T
Tall Oil Tsnnk Acid Tartsrk Acid Tetrschlorosthylene Tetrasodlum EthylensDlemlns Textone’- 50% Aqusous Sodium Chlorete
All All 100 160 100 210 60 150 100 210 60 150 100 210 100 210

U
Urea O-50 150 150

All

120

120

120

V
Vegetable 011s 210 210 210 210 210 210

210

210

210

Vhwgar

(continued)

5

TABLE

1.51:

VINYL

ESTER

RESINS-INTERPLASTIC

CORP.

(continued) *Co-Rezyn” Vinyl Ester Resins

Maximum

Recommended

Temperature

OF VE 6300 The most versatile of all Ihe vinyl esters with excellent corrowon resistance from acids lo alkalies and oxldlzmg chemicals The m0S.t wdely used rest” of the family of vinyl esters lor filament hand lay-up winding remforced and custom plastic fabricated tanks, pipe, as VE 6440 The fire reslstanl brommated counterpart 01 Ve 6300. When used with 3% antlmonv InoxIde. has a flame spread rate of less than 25 per ASTM E 64 “Tunnel Test”. Excellent physlcal properlles and corrosion reslstance I” a Vinyl Ester resm Lower halogen content and cost than VE 6400 and same competitive materials. VE 6710 A higher cross ilnk giving hlgher heat chemical This causllc excellent adheswe for reliable seconsolvent IS resistance demonstrated resistance reswance, as density rest” than VE 6300 dIstortion and exceprlonal and hydrolytic by an the stablll(y. excephonal Altalns good IS un-

Concentration Chemical
Vinyl Vinyl Acetate Toluena

‘ES100 ‘EE300 VE 8440 VE8710 VE8520

% by Weight

100 100

NR 60

NR 60

NR 60

NR

and process equipment. toughness and fatigue

Outstanding propertles

W
water Defonlzed Demineralized Dlstlllcd Fresh satt Sea Whfte Liquor (Pulp HI) All

demonstrated by high cycle pressure on lhin wall filament wound pipe. By suitable control of promoter levels, 210 210 210 210 210 210 160 210 210 210 210 210 210 160 210 210 210 210 210 210 160 and Co-Rezyna VE 6300 can wlthout mlo thick sections 210 210 210 210 210 210 VE 8300 excess This resin properties dary Used I”: cracking

values Catalyst

be fabricated or crarlng

warping. demonstrates which makes
OperStlOnS.

of VE 6710.

example.

bonding

affected by temperatures some sacrlflce 6300

chlorobenrene Although a tough I” this property

at amblent rest” there IS versus VE

Filament Hand

wmdlng and spray melal die lay-up molding

lay-up

SMC match Pullruslon Tank linmgs Coatmgs has a v~scoslty

of 500 cps and CO”-

VE 6520 An extremely tough epoxy based vinyl ester havmg 20% elongation This IS a non-rubber resin, developed for SPI Lmer appltcallons to m~nlmlze crackmg or crazmg due to thermal or mechanlcal shock and physlcal abuse. Relalns very good chemical reslstance. Is 100% compatible wth the other Co-Rezyn@ Vmyl Other Esters uses’ to add addItIonal toughness.

lams 45% styrene. VE 6100 A lower cham length version of VE 6300 havc0s111e.5. mg lower lnlrmsic and ewdent ~1st llsco?.lty Contains 50% styrene wlh a nommal of 100 cps. HSS eSSentlSlly the Sam e cured

X
Xylane 100 NR NA 100 NR

t

properties

as VE 6300. Cenlrlfuaal

Used casting

for.

Coatmgs Tank lmmgs Primers Adheswes

L

Co-Rezyn@ MVR-Modified
All All 210 210 I60 210 210 160 210 210 160 210 210 MVR 6000 - Good where MVR spread the optimum 6040 - Fire conoslon resistance resin and physical Nitrate vinyl ester retardant. properties

Vinyl Ester Resins
properties. A” ecOnomlc choice are nof required. Vinyl Ester - No” fire retardant. Resm with a flame

Zinc Chlorate Zinc

21°C Plating Solutlo”: 9% Zinc Cyanide 4% Sodium 9% So&urn Cyanfde Hydroxide

brominated

Modilied

of IeSs than

25 per ASTM

E 64 “Tunnel

Test”.

when

used with 3% antmony and corrosion resistance

trioxlde. DOeS not slfsl” the optimum physical proprrttrs associsled with the Vmyl Ester Resm. VE 6440

MVR 6050 - Fire retardant. brominated Modlfled Vinyl Ester with a flame spread rate of less then 25. per ASTM E 64 “Tunnel Test”, when used wlth 3% antimony 21°C solutto”: 49% Zinc fluoborat* 6% Ammonium Chloride 6% Ammonium Ftuoroborate

PMng

!OO

200

200

trloxlde An economic propertles are required

choice where superior corrosion resistance and over fire relardanl lsophthallc polyester resins bromfnated Modlfled Vlnyl Ester trloxlde or other flame retardant rstlng of less than 25 Only a small from the unmodified vlnyl

physical

MVR 6060 - Ffre retardant require the use of SntlmOny the ASTM resfstance E 64 “Tunnel and physical Test”

resin which does chemicals lo achieve sacrifice ester of chemical VE 6400.

not

propertles

21°C Sulfate

All

‘IO

210

210

210

(continued)

TABLE 1.51:

VINYL

ESTER RESINS-INTERPLASTIC

CORP. (continued) Chemical Resistance Co-Rezynr MVR Reslns
Concentration % by Weight
All All Acid O-20 20-37 10 20 All

Chemical
Acetic Add

Concentration % bv Weight
O-25 50

MVR 8000
170 150 NR 80 150 NR 150 170 140 100

Maxlmum Temperature MVR 8040 MVR 8050
!70 150 NR 60 150 NR 150 170 140 100 NR 150 150 100 NR 200 NR 170 200 180 NR 150 180 150 120 180 200 180 180 180 170 150 NR 80 150 .NR 150 170 80 100 NR 120 80 80 NR 200 NR 170 200 180 NR 100 180 NR 80 180 80 180 180 180

MVR 8060
200 180

Chemlcel
Glycol, H9X4M Ethylrne

MVR 8000
200 150 180 150 150 100 200 180 180 180

Maximum Temperature MVR 8040 MVR 8050
200 150 180 150 150 100 200 180 180 180 150 120 80 200 200 200 200 150 150 120 150 100 200 180 180 180 120 100 NR 200 200 170

MVR 8060
210 150 210 180 150 100 200 180 180 180 150 120 NR 210 210 210

ACetOll* Alcohol, Ethyl

100 100 10

NR Hydrochloric 80 150 Hydrolluorlc Add NR 150 Hydrogen Suttlde 210 Jot Fuel 140 KerrnOn* 100 Naphtha NR Nltrlc Acid 150 150 100 NR 210 NR 180 Potsulum Hydroxide 210 210 NR 180 180 150 120 210 200 180 180 180 Toluene Water, Dlrtlllcd or Sea Sodium Hypochlorlte Sodium Sodium Carbonate Hydroxldo 10 25 o-25 O-10 10-25 50 o-15 150 120 180 140 120 180 150 150 120 180 140 120 180 150 120 100 120 NR NR NR NR 150 150 150 160 140 180 150 5 20 50 150 120 60 200 200 Acid All 200

Alcohol,

Methyl

100 10

Alum Ammonls, Ammonla, Ammonia, Ammonium Ammonium Aqueous Oar Llquld Carbonate Hydroxide

All o-20

NR All O-20 29 100 All

NR 150 150 100 NR 200 NR

011, sour 011, Sweet Phorphorlc

Senzene SrllN Sromln., Calcium Cslclum Chlorine Chtorlna, Chlorine Chlortna Chromic Ltquld Carbonate SuItate Qar, Wet or Dry Ltquld Dloxlde Water Acid

Plckllnp A&b, Sulfudc 6 Hydrochloric

200

200

170

210

All All 100

170 200 180 NR

All Ail 20 All Atl 10

150 180 150 120 180 200 180 180 180

Sultur Dioxide, Dry or Wet Sultur Trloxlds/Alr Sulturlc Acid All Alt O-50 50-70 75 200 200 200 100 120 NR 200 200 200 200 160 120 NR 200 170 170 150 80 80 NR 200 210 210 210 180 120 NR 210

Cycloh*xane Ethylene Fluailicic Gasoline, Glycol Acid Auto Avletlon Ethyl

TABLE

1.52:

EPOXY AND POLYESTER

PIPE AND FITTINGS-AMERON

BONDSTRAND

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE CHART

TEMPERATURE CHEMICAL SOLUTION

LIMIT

Acetic Anhydride ACNOIX Acetonitrile Acrylic Acid Acrylonitrile Air Alcohol, Amyl Alcohol, Butyl Alcohol. Ethyl Alcohol. lsobutyl Alcohol. Isopropyl Alcohol, Methyl Alcohol, Polyvinyl _ ^

II !I

-I/ 120 11 120 NR 100 3004’ 200 200 180 180 150 180 150

I 1

49 49 NR 38 14Q4’ 93 93 82 82 66 82 66

l I 1

-120 120 N” loo 3004’ 203 200 180 180 160 180 150

I I 1

--49 49

I I

NH NR

I I

NR

1

---

1 NR 1 NR 1 -NR NR 1 -NR NR I -14Q4) 200” 93” / RP-34 93 100 38 / UP-34 93 100 38 I RP-34
NR 38 82 82 82 66 66 __ loo 100 -loo __ 38 _38 38 __ RP-34 RP-34 -RP-34 -

.M

I
II Eutadiene I/ 150
NH , NM , NH 1 N” N” , --

/

66

I

150

/

66

I --

1 --

1 --

J,

Amy1 Acetate Amy1 Chloride Aniline Antimony Pentachloride

100 100 NR -220

38 38 NR -104

100 100 NR -220

38 38 NR -104

NR NR NR 100 150

NR NR NR 38 66

---RP.34 RP-34

Carbon Disulflde Carbon Monoxide Carbon Tetrachkwde Carbonic Acid Castor Oil

-2OiI 150 180 220

-93 66 82 104

-200 150 180 220

-93 66 82 104 NR 180 200

NR 93 NR 82 93

-RP-34 -RP-34 RP-34

_

(continued)

TABLE

1.52:

EPOXY AND POLYESTER

PIPE AND FITTINGS-AMERON

(continued)

CHEMICAL SOLUTION

“V

Formic Acid

n

0.10

n

NR

I

Dcalc~um Phosphate-_

(continued)

TABLE

1.52:

EPOXY AND POLYESTER

PIPE AND FITTINGS-AMERON

(continued)

TEMPERATURE CHEMICAL SOLUTION
COflCWl
tration

LIMIT SERIES 5000

TEMPERATURE

LIMIT SERIES 5000

%”

tlvowhlorour wine Jet Fuel KWOWW Lactic Acid Latex Louric Acad Lead Acetate Lead NItrate Levulinic Acid

Acid

Lime Linseed Oil Lithium Chloride Lube 011 Magnesium Carbonate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Hydroxide Magnestum Nitrate hlagneswm Sulfate Maleic Acid Mercuric Chloride Mercurous Chloride Mercury Methacrylic Acid, Glacial Methyl Chloride Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl Isobutyl Alcohol Methyl lrobutyl Cdrbitol Methyl Isobutyl Ketone Methyl Methaaylate Methyl Sulfonic Acid Methylene Chloride Mineral Oil Naphtha Naphthalene Nickel Chloride Nic!xel Nitrate Nickel Sulfate Nitric Acid Nitnc Acid Nitrobenzan hlitrogen Solutions 31, Sour Crude

(continued)

TABLE

1.52:

EPOXY AND POLYESTER

PIPE AND FITTINGS-AMERON

(continued)

TEMPERATURE CHEMICAL SOLUTION 2000 SERIES 4000 IEDcd’
OF OC

LIMIT SERIES 5060 ,Pd”s,W,
OF OC Adhesive tm

---1--

___ ._
TEMPERATURE LIMIT --II

NR

NOTES:

Sugar Solutions
Sulfite Liquors Sulfur Chloride

I! II

2204’ 150 NR

( I

1.
104 66 NR

1 150 1
NR

66 NR

1

200 NR

1

93

I

RP-34

1 NR j

--

Concentration Where no concentration is shown, recommendations apply to any concentration up to 100% or saturation. Where a concentration range is given, recommendations apply to any concentration within that range. Where a single concentration is given, only that specific concentration has been tested. Use RP-34 adhesive for all applications food applications up to 200°F (93’C). Use adhesive shown for field installation RP-GA adhesive for food applications. except except use RP-GA for use RP-105 or

2. 3. 4.

Use Bondstrand filament-wound fittings and flanges. flanges may be used in Series 5000 systems. Recommended

Molded

u

II

NR

I

NR

1

NR

]

NR

,

NR

,

NR

,

--

,,

NR-Not

TABLE 1.53:

PHENOL-FORMALDEHYDE

AND FURFURYL

ALCOHOL-FORMALDEHYDE

RESINS-

AMETEK,

HAVEG DIVISION

Mmmum

Haveg 41 NA is a lhermosetting
of phenol-formaldahyde fillers. salts It is generally and chlorinated resin aromatic recommended

plastic, end inert

based

on a composition silicate mineral acid, with

Chemical Service Acetaldehyde. 90%

Grade 4i NA c, Mb

sO*F I NR UEI
..I.

160°F I

TWllperatUre “F

non-asbestos

for service

y,..^

hydrocarbons.

41 NP

E E E E Trot .__. 1 1 I G NR G F G NR Tl?st G E F G E E E E NR E E NR F E E E E NR F E G F

E.120 NR.120 E-212 G.212

61 NA .1 NA

Haveg 61NA
of furfuryl silicate dilute carbons. fillers. acids,

is a thermosetting.plastic It Is generally alkaline reactions

based

on a composition with hydro ACelOl-te Acetonltrile. 201 Acel~c anhydrIde

61 NA dl NC 51 NA 01 NA R,NA 41 NA 61 NA 11 NA Acelyl chloride Acrylic acid. Bosh 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA Alurmnum chloride Aluminum sulfate hydroxide. 26% 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA Ammonium 61 NA 41 NA n-Amy1 alcohol 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 01 NA Anilmt hydrochloride 61 NA 91 NA Aqua regm 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA

alcohoLformaldehyde

resin and inert non.asbestos recommended for service aromatic and chlorinated

_ .

1
I

NR.212 F.133

Haveg 46 is a phenol-formaldehyde Its primary fluosilicic consideration acid, and related

resin

with

a graphite

filler

is for use with fluorinebearing

hydrofluoric

acid,

compounds.

Haveg 66 is furfuryl
filler. Haveg In addition

alcohol-formaldehyde resistance

resin

with

a graphite compounds, 61 NA.

Acrylonltrile

to its resistance

lo HF and related to alkalies

E-300 E-300 E-2.W

66 has the same

as Haveg

KEY: E = Excellent. Can be used generally, and is to all intents affected at all by chemicals at the test temperature. G = Good. Can be used quite generally. Satisfactory F = Fair. Can be used for some purposes. sample or discolor solution. NR = Not recommended. and purposes not

E
E F G E Test NR NR TeSt G

E
E NR NR E

NR-212 G-278

in most se&ices. to swell

AflillfW

May involve some tendency

SODIUM For alkaline service,

HYDROXIDE

(NaOH) AND HAVEG
grade.

Ally1 chloride

G-100

Haveg 61 NA is the recommended

Haveg 61 NA can be used with varying concentrations of NaOH, even concentrations up to 60% at elevated temperatures; however, it is affected . There is a surface effect that can contribute to contamination of the solution. Haveg 61 NA should be considered only where NaOH is used to neutralize conditions or as a reactant in a particular process.
Haveg 41

acidic

overnight.

NA, when exposed to 0.5% NaOH in water, will be seriously 1% NaOH will begin its attack immediately.

attacked

(continued)

TABLE 1.53:

PHENOL-FORMALDEHYDE

AND FURFURYL

ALCOHOL-FORMALDEHYDE

RESINS-AMETEK,

HAVEG DIVISION

(continued)

Maximum

Temperature Chemical Serries Benzotrachlonde ______ 61 hC 41 luc hl hL
41 h' *I h‘

Chemical Service Chlorosulfornc E G Test F E E E E
, ’

Grade ‘1 NA

80°F E 1es1 NR NR NR NR NR NR E E E E E Test E

l&F hR

Maximum Temperature ‘F

ac,d 30% 10% ac~dl

NR F F.9a-Y G E.140 E E E E-300 E.3W Copper lullate Cupw chlorfde chlonde Em0 __.. Chromic BCX!. 2% (with sulfuric Chromic acts

6’ NA 4: NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41NA 61 NA Al NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA

Chromic acid

een2yl chloride Bow acid _~

“I IWL 41 NL 61 NC
41N‘

E E E E E E

E-300 E.3W.l E.300 E-300

E

Bromine, 3% maximum n_Bulyl alcohol ~Butyl n-Bulyric Calcium chloride, acid chlorlde sec.butyl chlor#de

61 N‘ 41NF r. .I, 41 NC ___ 61 NP 41 NL 61 NA 41 N‘ 61 NF dl ML . 61 NC 41 NC Al&J‘

I 1 I

F E
Test E E E E E NR ,..

F I
E E E E E E

F.-&n -1””
NR-212 E-212

Cyano‘,en

G.266 G.266 E-300 Dibutyl phthalate Dabutyltin dichloride Dibutyl ether

41 NA 61 NA 4, NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA

1

E

E E E E F

t

E
E E E E

1 E I

E-212 E-212 E.212 E-212

Calcium hypcchlorile Carbon disulfide Carbon letrachlonde Chloral Chlorel. 32% and MCB, 64% Chloral. 40% and MCB, 59%

1 1

NR E E

_

I

F
E E E c

F
E E E F G-257 4, NA Dlethyl ether Dlethylkelone Dtethylene ~lycol 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA dl . _. +.I& 61 NA 41 NA Dimethyl phfhalate 61 NA 41 NA Eplchlorohydrln Ethyl acetate Ethyl alcohol 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA kl NA E E E E I G E E G TM E E E-23C I=.,,, G-212 E.212 E.212 E G G-212 G-212 E-212 G.212

41 NA 61 NA 41 NL kl NL
I.

..r

&

.

41 N& 61 NL. 41 NA 61 NC dl NL Chloral hydrate Chlordlne 61 NL 41 NA 61 NA E R ; E Test E E F E c. G E

E-257 NR.203 E.203

_._

Dusobutyl ketone

1
1

NR NR Tell G F F G NR r:

(continued)

s

TABLE 1.53:

PHENOL-FORMALDEHYDE

AND FURFURYL

ALCOHOL-FORMALDEHYDE

RESINS-AMETEK,

HAVEG DIVISION

(continued)

Chemiul Methyl isobulyl Methylene

Servia

GWJ9 1’ NA

80°F NR

l&F

Maximum Temperature “F G-212

Chemwzat Service FT,e”ol. 100% P”enol, 65% Phenol. 9% Phenol. 6%

Grade 4: kA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA
41 NA

8dF NR NR G NR E G E F NR E

160-F

Maximum Temperature “F

ketone. 100%

6: NA P! NA G G T& NR Test G E E TCSl E E 6’ NA 4: NA

F G NR E F

NW212 F.212 G.212 NW212

chloride acld 10%

Monochloroacelic Uonoch1oroaceto”e. Ho”ochlorobe”re”t Uonoethanolamme. Monoethmoiamlne. Uwosodwm Naphthylene

6’ NA 4, NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA

_

E-212 E.212 G.l!U

Phenyl ether
PhOSpe”e

61 NA

E

‘7 NA
61 NA 41 NA 50% 61 NA .I Phosphorous orychlorlde Phosphorous Polasswn trlchloride NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA bisullate 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 11 NA Potasswm dlchromsle. 5% 61 NA 41 NA PolPssslum permangana1e Proplonic Ropiorw Pyrldlne Resorcinol. 46% Sodwm bisulfate Sodaurn bwltile 6, NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA aad, 30% 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 1 Phosphoric awj.

F
Test E E G E E E E E

F
E E G E E E E E E

I 1 I
EP12 E.212 G.212 G.212 E.300 E-300 E.300 E-300

20% 50%

6, NA
41 NA

1
1

Test E E E F E E E F E NR

I F-212 E.233 E-223 E.300 l=.!aY 1 i

61 NA
41 NA

methyl arsenate

61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 11 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA 41 NA 61 NA

____

Nitric acid. 2% maximum (with sulturic acid not recommended) Ntlrilotriacetic Nitrobenzene Nitrophenol n.Octyl alcohol W3ctyl chloride aud

1
1

E

, G _ 11NA I NF) _ .
NR E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E NR r.

I
Potassium cyanide G E E E E E E E E G E E E E G F E E F-212 HR.212 F-2t2 E-265 F-212 E.212 E.212 E-212 E.265 G-265 G.xx) E.200 E-212 E.212 E.212 G.212

1
1

F E

I F 1 F
1 NR

1 I I I

I

E-212

_.

I

NR
E E E E NR NR G G E E E E G G E E E E F F G E

l #d. lCQ*A

E-212

Oleic acid Oxsl~c wad. 20% PlWil” F’e”tachloroethS”e Pentan&ione Pwchloroethylene

Eaco E-300 E.303 E-300

_. .

Al NA 61 NA

1

E E

1

1 1

E-212 E-212

(continued)

TABLE 1.53:

PHENOL-FORMALDEHYDE

AND FURFURYL

ALCOHOL-F0

ALDEHYDE

RESINS-AMETEK,

HAVEG DIVISION

(continued)

Chemiul

Service

Grade

BO’F

160-F

Maximum Temperature -F

Grads
4’ NA

80°F

1SO’F
ND

Temperature “F

-rest
E TfZ.1 E E E

61 NA

E Nfi E E F

E-212 E.212 G.212

PI NA 67 NA 41 kA 61 NA

Synthetic Resins and Polymers TABLE 1.54: POLYESTER AND VINYL ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND

179

RESIN SERIES

CHARACTERISTICS

SUGGESTED APPLICATIONS

H-RON

92

Maximun fwe retardancy. Class I flame spread cm he achreved. Good corrosion resistance. Habganated polyester. Maxbtmn corrosbn and heat resistance. Class I or II flame spread can be achiiad.

F’rimmily for severe fume handling equipment to 25O’F.

HETRON 197

All eqwpment where maxrmum corrosron and heat resrstance are required - intemrittent service to about 600°F: contrnuously rn 350°F range. Excelbnt for hot wet chlorine and other hrghly oxidizing environments. General corrosbn resrstant equrpmant. linings, coatmgs. toppings, All corrosbn resrstant equipmmt except fume handhng systems to about 250°F. Ideal for caustrc and hvwchbnte.

HETRON 72 HITRON 700 HETRON 900 I AROPOL 7240
Series (Includes 7241 and 7242)

Similar to HETRON 197 series. 9isphanol~A Fumarate resins. Excellent corm&on resistance. Non-fire retardant. Vinyl ester restns. Nonfire retardant. Excellent corrosron resistance. Isophthahc resins. Nonfire retardant. Moderate corrosbn resistance.

All equipment except fume handling systems to about 190” F. AFtOf’ 7242 can be used for FDA applicatrons.

AROPOL 7430
Series (Includes 7530 and 7532)

Resilient isophthahc resms. Nonfire retardant. Moderate corrosbn resrstance.

All equpment except fume handling systems to about 150°F. Excaflent for filament winding applicatrons.

1

HETRON 99P
.

Fee retardantlisophthafic with grnrd mrrosbn resistance. Class I f&ins spread can be achiied.

For ftane handling equipment to 250°F.

The following

definitions

will aid readers using this Guide. Asterisks - Resins marked with an asterisk indicate that it is preferable to use this resin over another resin even though both are resistant at the temperatures listed in the Guide. LS - Indicates that limited service life can be expected. This means that some chemical attack will occur but not enough to render the equipment useless. NRResin is not recommended.

Service Temperature - Temperature data is not
necessarily the maximum service temperature. It is the upper temperature at which a specific resin has been satisfactorily tested or used. AMB Refers to ambient temperature of 7!XO’F.

Blank Space - Showing no service temperature recommendation indicates that insufficient resistance data was available. It does not mean that the resin is unsuitable for that environment.
I CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Acid: Salt CONCEN. TRATION %

I \

SERVICE

TEMPERATURE.

OF FOR RESIN TYPES

ACID: SALT ENVIRONMENT.

HETRON 92 SERIES LAMINATES.

GOOD FOR 25o’F VAPORS FROM THE ACID: SALT SOLUTION. ‘HETRON 99P recommended for fume service only.

THESE RESINS RECOMMENDED AT AMB. (AMBIENT 7540°F) TEMPERATURE OR TEMPERATURE IN ‘F SHOWN FOR ESTIMATED 10.15 YEAR LIFE. HETRON 197 SERIES RESIN PRE. FERRED’ AT 2UO’F OVER HETRON 72 SERIES RESIN AT 2OO’F. THESE RESINS MAY BE SUITABLE AT HIGHER TEMPERATURES BUT NO DATA IS AVAILABLE. HETRON 922 RESIN RECOMMENDED FOR LIMITED SERVICE. AT 100-F WITH ABOUT 5 YEAR SERVICE LIFE.

(continued)

180

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND

(continued)

List of Trademarks and Product Names
Adogall* ... Aemsol . Allpal .......... Abdlrm ........ Am&em . Amerex . . . . . . . . Amine Salt Solutbns. 73g73 M-A, m-0, M-C Sherex Chemical Co. American Cyanamid Co. Chemical Div., GAF Corp. Amchem Products Inc. Amchem Products Inc. Drew Chemical Corp. W. R. Grace Co., Dewey 8 Almy Div. American Mineral Spirits Co. International Dioxide Inc. Wyandotte Chemical Co., J. P. Ford Div. Armak Co. Armak Co. Wyandotte Chemical Co., J. P. Ford Div. Velsicol Chemical Corp. Bet2 Laboratories, Inc. Drew Chemical Corp. Oxy Metal Industries Corp., Parker Div. Spartan Chemical Co., Inc. Colgate-Palmolive Co. Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corp. Calaon Coro. Union Carbide Corp. Union Carbide Corp. Rowe Products Co. Ashland Oil, Inc. Dow Chemical Co. Peabody Engineered Systems Quaker Chemical Co. Drew Chemical Corp. American Cyanamid Co. American Cyanamid Co. W. R. Grace Co., Dewey 8 Almy Div. W. R. Grace Co., Dewey 8 Almy Div. Arapahoe Chemicals Huntington Laboratories Diversey Chemical Co. Dow Chemical Co. Drew Chemical Corp. Hooker Chemicals & Plastics Corp. Staley Chemical Co. Union Carbide Corp. Economics Laboratory, Union Carbide Corp. Ashland Oil, Inc. Stauffer Chemical Co. Ciba-Geigy Corporation Union Carbide Corp. Pennwalt Corp. 3M Co. Hooker Chemicals 8 Plastics Corp. Buffalo Color Corp. Rohm 8 Haas Spartan Chemical Co., Inc. Inc. Gbhrlte 15, X-200 ......... GokbnGb .............. Halao Sg Ashland Oil, Inc. Spartan Chemical Co., Inc. Hooker Chemicals 8 Plastics Corp. Chemical Div., GAF Corp. Ciba-Geigy Corporation Ashland Oil, Inc. The Richardson Co. Johns-Manville Hercules Powder Co. Monsanto Co. General Mills Chemicals, American Cyanamid Co. Huntington Laboratories Dye & Chemical Co. of Canada, Ltd. Shell Chemical Co. Oakite Products, Inc. Olin Chemical BASF Wyandotte Corp. Olin Chemical Oxy Metal Industries Corp., Parker Div. Oxy Metal Industries Corp., Parker Div. G. H. Packwood Mfg. Co. Spartan Chemical Co., Inc. Ashland Oil, Inc. Spartan Chemical Co., Inc. Borden Co. Uniroyal, Inc. Wyandotte Chemical Co., J. P. Ford Div. The Richardson Co. The Richardson Co. Ashland Oil, Inc. Envair, Inc. Spartan Chemical Co., Inc. Monsanto Co. Sherex Chemical Co. Tretolite Div., Petrolite Co. H. B. Fuller Company Dow Chemical Co. Union Carbide Corp. Olin Chemical Olin Chemical BASF Wyandotte Corp. Ciba-Geigy Corporation Staley Chemical Co. Atlantic Richfield Sherex Chemical Co. Sherex Chemical Co. Sherex Chemical Co. Exxon Company Dow Chemical Co. Gcoch Feed Mill Corp. W. E. Zimmite. Inc. Inc

................

Amsco BKOH Solvent
Anthlum Dbxtde

Igepal .................. lrgasd DA ............... Isocure ................. Isoprep ................. JM-235, JM-271

Apache Amlaal

...........

Kymene ................. Lasso .................. Lix 54N ................. Magnllbc .............. Matar .................. Mulsollne .............. Neodol ................. Oaklte ................. Olin ................... i%lD.. ................. OPM-i,OPM-2 ...........

Arquad Benteo

. .

Bmuoflu:Brominex
Betxsulllte3.. Blocida CWT.102. Bondarlte

Bowlcloanm
Build C-56 Calgun . .

carbitd
Celbeolve cell Putty Cham-Rex c2m5. C-2009, C-2075 Chbrothene Clhex clealler508..... CWTlM Cyaf cygon

. .

Parco...................

Pax Hyspeed ........ PD34 .............. PepSet.. .......... Plus 6 .............. Polyco ............. Pdywet ............ Raylene ................. Rkhamlde ............... Rkhonate ............... RJ.4 .................... Sam-Fresh

Darux ___.._..___..___,.. Daxad DFR.121 Dkrohe Diversey ..__....__..__...

Dowclem
DmwSpenN Durex DW-575

SD-20 ......... Skydrol ....... Softener B ..... SP-101 ........
Stackfas Mastic Telona .................. Tergitol ................. Textone ................. Thermolln ............... 35D.. .................. Tlnoflx OF ...............

Dynd

Electrasol Elvase EP 52.A55 Eptam Erbnal NW EVA Exalt _. FClW, 2w, 206A Fluomluhes Furbn 12.62

u-3400, U7ooo. ........... Ultrawet ................
Varlquat Varlsoft Vamx 155E Varsol . . vtdden VlvoZyne . Zlmmite

. ..

........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ........ ..

G.51 Glass Cleaner

..

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers TABLE 1.54: POLYESTER AND VINYL ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND (continued)

181

HETRON’andAROPOL” ResinSelection Guide ior Corrosion Resistant RTPAPPliceti0n-s
SERVICE TEMPERATURE, OF FOR RESIN TYPES HETRON 920 sEmw9so NR 90 2101220 2101220 21w22u 160 lXU180220 NFUNR NR NWNR NR NR NR --/lSQ NR NR NR NR _ NR NR _

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Acotaldehyda ................ Acotaldehyde, 1% In air ........ Acetaldehyde Fumes .......... Acetk Acid .................. Acetk Acid .................. Aoetlc Acid .................. Acetk Acid .................. Acetic Acid ............................ Aoetk Aotd. about 10% In Hydrocarbon, Liquor end vapor ..................... Acetic ACM. Glackl ..................... Acetk Acid. Gkckl ..................... Acetlc: Gkckl: 70% Nltrlc: 49% Hydrolluorlc AcetIc ACM: HCI ........................ Acetlc: HCI: H,O ........................ Aoetlc: H,O, ............................ Acetic Acid: Sodium Dkhromato ........... Acetlc Actd Vapor ............... Acetic Acid, Vapor 6 Condensate . . Acetic Anhydrtdo ............... Acetic Anhydrlde ......................... Acetone ................................. Acetone ................................. Acetone ................................. Acetona: Cyclohoxanc Hexane: Water ........ Acetorw Water ........................... Acetonltrtk .............................. Acetophenona ............................ Acetyl Chlorldo ........................... Awtyl Chkrlde ........................... Acid Rinse, PhotographIc .................... Acldlc Gaseous Atmosphem, Saturated, Weak Phoaphorlc, Hydrolluork. Sulfurous, Etc., at 3900 fpm’ .............. Aclda (Sullurk, Phosphork, Acetic), Soda Ash, Organk Salts, Dye Sulk, 2.5%Soll&,pH2-5.. .................... Acrykmlde .............................. Acrylk Actd .............................. Acrylk Acid .............................. Acrylic Acid .............................. Acrylic dlrperslon: Acryknltrlk ............... Acrylic dkpersion: Vlnylldene Chloride ........ Acrylic Emulrlon ........................... Acrylic, Glrclrl ............................ Acrylk Spray Liner, Water Reduolbk at 12O”F(PPG Indwtrks) .................. Acrylic Stynne Emulsknst DW-975, U-3400, U.7091 ................... Acrylk Wet Ink Vamk h. Water Reduclbk at 120°F(PPG Industrka) .................. Acrylonitrlk ............................... Actlvatad Carbon Bedr, Water Treatment ...... Adlpk Acid, Adipyl Chloride and Hydrochloric ACM ........................ Adlpyl Chlortde, Adlpk Aold and Hydrochkrk Ad0g.n~381: xylem ....................... .............................. AdottAdo9en449 .............................. Aemsolt, Wettlng Agent .................... Alr, Humid, Trace Sulfur Fumes ............... Air: Methyl Sulfide: Methanol; Smell Amounts H,O. H,S, Methyl Mercrptrn, Acetone, TurPentlne ............ Alcohol, Ethoxylatad, pH 8.5, C,,.C,, ...........

CONCENTRATION %
100 (40 Ibsm’ 10 15 25 50 75

NETRON’ 92/99P NRI490 90
150

HETRON 72/197119711 NR 210 210 210 125

MOP01 724017430 SERYS NR 170/150 170/150 17ol150 1541125

HETRON 700170Oc NR 2101200 21omo 21wW 150 16a150 -

125 125 AMBKJO

100 100 @ 120-F 3:5:1 @ 1W’F 50:2U 50:16.5:315 95:1.5 la, 70:30 @ 212-F

100’11ocu1w LYLSJNR NR AMB 66 AMB 160 160 loo LS/LS/NR NR NR NR AMB NR AI.40 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 150

NR/AMB/66 AM0 NW1801NR NR NR

NR NR AMBlNR NR NR NR -

25 100 1W @ 12o.F 10 100 100 @ 133°F 10:10:1:79 1090 100 1W 100 100 @ 13O’F -

NR/-

-

90

-

_

-

Unknown 50 100 @ 1W’F 25 10 96:2 9&2 loo NR _ -

-/to 165’/--1wNR loo 100 AMB AM0 90 --I-/NR AM0 --I-/NR NR 2al lMYlW/NR 120’ 120‘ AMB 200

NR 100’ 120/NR” NR” NR 120’/120 120’1120 -

10 165/NR AM0 loo _ SAT SAT NR NR NR 120 120 -

lo 16YAMBllOO AMBilW _ SATISATINR _ 120/12W-

loo

NRI12W120/AMBI-

Unknown Unknown 25:75

-

652.56 100

-

165 120’

-

_ 120

_ -

SAT under SERVICE TEMPERATURE = S.stisl.%tory With mlemnce to mcommendaNons under s ,gqyh;;;?l;gps. W_UT%Y= First two msrerials sat at 1 msisrance unknown 100’/100 = Both mareriels sefislactoty, tirsl pn?lwr&, efc. 125’ = Pmhrmd mahrial, a/thou h others sm suifabfe at 125 .R. 100150 = Temperalum varied w!I m hmlls shown tSee list of trademarks and product namt?s.

(continued)

182

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
SERVICE

bxntinued)
TEMPERATURE ‘F FOR RESIN TYPFS HETRON 920 SEAIESI9.90

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Algaecide, phenate based ............... Alipal C0433t ........................ Alkaline Film Stripper, Butyl Cellosolve: Monoethanol-Amine @ 136’F ............ Alkaline Soak Cleaner ................. Atkanolamide, Fatty Acid ................... Alkanolamide Nonionic Surfactant ........... Alkyl Benzene Sulfonic Acid ............... Alkyl Dimethyl Benzyl Ammonium Chloride: Phosphoric Acid: Inerts .................. Alkyl Dimethyl Beruyl Ammonium Chloride: Tributyl Tin Chloride/Ethylene Oxide/Amine: Hydrochloric Acid: Inerts ................ Alkyl Ether Amine Oxide Surlactant .......... Alkylate, Substituted Benzene Type, Relinery Alkylate Sulfonates, Linear ................. Atkylrtion, Aromatk Hydrocarbon ........... Ally1 Chlortde ............................. AlmondOtt ............................... Alodine 461/45t, pti 2 ...................... Alpha Otefin Sulfonate ..................... Alum ................................... Alum ................................... Alum, Potassium .......................... Aluminum Chloride ........................ Aluminum Chloride: Fluosllkk AtId’ ......... Aluminum Chloride Spent Catalyst Solution, 1DWppmBenzene rB13tt.F .............. Alumlnum Chlorohydmte ................... Aluminum Chlorohydroxlde ................. Aluminum Citrate ......................... Aluminum Desmutter 6 Deoxidtzer’ .......... Aluminum Etchant. Phosphate Free’ ......... Aluminum Fluorlde’ ....................... Aluminum Hardening Fixing Bath, , .......................... Photographic Aluminum Hardening Raptd Fbtlng Bath, Photographic ...................... Alumlnum Hydroxide’ ..................... Aluminum Hydroxide’ ..................... Aluminum Nltrate ......................... Aluminum Oxide Drying .................... Aluminum Oxide Wet with HCI, Drying ........ Aluminum PIatlng,Sulfuric, Sodium Dlchromate ..................... Aluminum Potassium Sulhte ................ Aluminum Potassium Sulfate, Vepor & Condensate.. ........................... Aluminum Reduction Pot Plant Rooflng andSIdIng .............................. Aluminum Sulfate .......................... Aluminum Trkhloride ....................... Amchem 616t: Nitric ....................... Amemx 2Dlt .............................. Amerex 209t .............................. Amine Salt Solutions, 73673 MA, M.Band MCt ........................... 2.Aminoethanol ............................ Amlnoethoxy Ethanol rB 2TO.F ... , ........... Aminoethyl Piperezlne ...................... Ammonia, Dry ............................. Ammonla, Liquid ........................... Ammonia, Wet ............................ Ammonia: Ammonium Nitrate: Hydra fluosilkk: Nitric: Phosphoric 6 Sullurlc, Wet Vapor’ ......................

CONCEN. TRATION %
100

HETRON’ 92’99P

HETRON 7211971197A 125 100 NR 100 120 100

AROPOL 724017430 SERIES 1251-

HETRON 7001100c 125 1w NR 160 120 -

28
57.30 10 ouga1 55 amtde 100 0.1125.75

NPJ-

NPJ160/-

NR NR

-

1W

loo/-

0 1:01:23.77 COtlC. Jnknown Q 10512O'F 100 100 100 10 Sat'd 5 All SlImy:2

-

100 120 AMW-I100

120 AMBI120

1001-

1201-

NIV120 120 2cu 160 125 210 210 1701150 1601150 160130 170/150 -

NR NR

NW30 -

2201200 2w/150 160' 2101150 2101220 2101220 2101220 2101220 16O/165/AM&--

-!120

NR 17ol150 170/120 2OOll50 2001150 2w/150 1651150 AM0

50 50 Sat'd

-

165

AMB 5oz/gal All AMBiW AMB 60 60 165!AMB

Sat’d 20 Sal’d -

220/2901220&?90/160 150 16wl40 1701150 -

AMB AM0 170/150 -

180/200 16W2W 160/160 -

All

-/lso

210 160 250 210 6595 125 125 65

17w150

2101220

5 FUllas
All 40 6:16 103 100

16OJ13Oi250 -

1601150 LS125 125 -

1701150 6595 125 125

210/230 -

100 100 100

NfU90 NFU-I90

65 NR NR 90 NR -

NR NR AMBINR AM&LYNR NR 90 601NR NWNWlW1160 lW/lM

Gas
100

Gas

15:5:2.5:2.5:Trace

250

NR

’ HETRON SSP for fums service only IGood fesf results a/far shon axoosum ‘Synthehc suriacing WI/ recommended lor “ax~mu” msistance ‘l3enzo / Peroxrde - D#methyl am/ins cum system recommended SaYISr sctory satwcc ‘Post-cure racommendbd ‘Solution may discolor ‘Nonrh!xotroprc resms preleradle ‘Unsetlslacro/y as /mmg

to assure

‘Acceptable ss to odor end tasfe Ior AROPOL 7242 type resm. SNamed 4 hours wirh atmospheric steam pnor to axposum ‘*Three 3 hour exposures to 30% nitric at 1CiYF to simulate cksnin “No dwxlorstion occurs af 5 lt’/ga/. sod wrfh AROPOL 7242 and A ETRON 7W ryps construcfmn il surfaces are acid or steam cbanad ‘*“C” veil on/ -AROPOL 7r 4OOnly ‘*Apoears to be erosion/corms!on “AROPOL 7240 SAT al 1ZO’F 1See M 01 trademarks and oroducl names

(continued)

. .
:

. . 5:::..2..::::::: . . . . . .,.;jc:; ::::::::::::: . . : : . : : ::: 1:: : ::::“’ ::: :::
a:. .p..,::::::::.::: “’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

::
::.

.

::

::::::::

::.:::

: G

P

184

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESIIN! j-ASHLAND
SERVICE

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, “F FOR RESIN TYPES HETAON 920 SERIES1980 HETRON 72/197/197A 180 130/110/160 130/110/100/1w/AMB NR 200 140 -/LS/NR 65 125 AROPOL 724017430 SERIES HETAON 700/790c

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Ammonium Thiocyanate: Hydrochloric Acid Ammonium Thiocyanate: Thiosuliate: Sulfate: Water ........................ Ammonium Thiosuliate ................... Ammonium Thiosuliate: Thiocyanate: Sulfate: Water ......................... Ammonium Tungstate .................... Amsco BKOH Solventt .................... Amyl Acetate ............................ Amyl Acetate @ 120°F .................... Amyl Alcohol ............................ Amy1 Alcohol ............................ Amy1 Chloride @ 120-F ................... Anaerobic Sewage ....................... Aniline ................................. Aniline Hydrochloride ..................... Anlllne Hydrochloride, Substltuted: HB r. HCI: Br,: H,O ..................... Anlllne Sulfate ........................... Anionlc Polyelactrolytes, Blend ............. Anionic Suriactant ....................... Anodizing Solutions ...................... Anthium Dloxidet ........................ Anthracene Oil ......................... Anthraquinone Disulionic Acid Q 150°F ..... Antimony Pentachloride ................... Antimony Trlchloride ....... ....... .... Apachet ............................... Apple Acid .............................. Aqua Ragia (Cont. Hydrochloric: Cont. Nitric, 33) ....................... Aqua Regia ....................... Aqua Ragla Fumes ................. Armeen Ct ........................ Armeen DMCDt .................. Aromatlc Hydrocarbon Alkylatlon ..... Aromatic Solvent: Tributyl Phosphate ArquadUSOt ...................... Arsenic Acid ....................... ArsenouoAcid ..................... Asphalt .......................... Atmosphere, Chemical Plant ......... Atmosphere. Coal Dust ............. Atmosphere, 100% Relative Humidity Axelaic Acid ....................... “B” Crude 011 ..................... Bacterlclde Phenate Based .......... Barlum Acetate .................... Barium Carbonate’ ................. Barium Chloride ................... Barium Hydroxide’ ................. Barium Hydroxide’ ................. Barium Sulfate .................... Barium Sulfide’ .................... .......... Beer Beer, BrewIn;’ I&i; ‘&ei ......... Bwt Sugar Liquor .................. Bentact’ ......................... Berual Chloride .................... Benzaldehyde ..................... Benzene .......................... Benzene @ 120°F .................. Benzene @ 2W°F.. ................ Benzene, HCI (trace), Water ......... Benzene I Hydrogen Chloride Vapors Benzene, Vapor .................... Benzene, Wet Acid (HCI) ............. Benzene: Ethyl Benzene ............. Benzene Disulionlc Acid ............ Benzene Sulionic Acid .............. Benzene Sulionic Acid .............. Benzene Sulionic Acid ............. Benzene Sulionic Acid: Sulfuric: Water Benzoilex 9.SEt .................... Benzoic Acid .....................
tSee l!st of trademarks and product names

CONCEN. TRATION %

HETAON’ 92199P

4:5.5:2.3:68 60 5.5:4:2.3&I Sat’d lco All 100 All Vapor loo _ IM) loo 15:4.5:1.5:1:76 Sat’d 100 56 COllC 6 100 Sat’d 50 10 2iW150 AMBIAMBf90 2CO/l&l AMBI160 1oollOO/120/-

130’/110 NR 130’/110 lOO’/NR NR IWNA 140 NR 65 NR NR LS12YNR AMB SATIAMB 1601150 NR NR NR NR 120 120 AMBI195/100 100 120 _ AMB 125 NR LSl6OINR 1601150 LS.AMB/NR NR 170/15u NR AMB 150 NR NR LS:AMB/NR NR NR AMB 15OlNR NR NR 140 120 170/150

130/110 130/110 LS/NR NR NR 1601120 140 NR 65 NR l&3/140 225l220 125 120 _ NR AMB AMB 130/NR NR NR 120 NR 120 160 100 100 120 _ 125 160 200 200 200/l 50 150 160 150/b AMBlNR NR NR NR NR 200 200 140 120 2201200

130’/lCO/130’ 100 NW100 NRJ1w/200 NPJSAT 65 NW150/160 140’/1601220 _ SATIWI2001220 NR NR 60/16O/100 100 120 lW210/220 210/1501160 150/2101160/AMBINR 16O/NR/NR/NRilOO NR NR _ 2 101220 SAT 210/220 140/120/210/-

-/NR AMBIW NR 200 140/NR 65 NW-

14011401Ls140 200 125 120’ AMB 100 AMB --ISAT/NR AMB 200 150 95 130’ AMB 120 120 120 AMB 120 180 100 100 120 AMB 125 160 200 200 _ 160 NR 150 160 NR AMB NR LS 176 65 AMB AMB 100 194 200 NR 100 140’ 120’ 250

Cont.@ 160°F COW COW. COX. 65% COW. All 19’ Be Sat’d 100

.

Sat’d All All 10 Sat’d All Sat’d 50 100 1W 100 100 100

-/NR 2ca160 200 NWNW--/150 -/NR NR 15WNFUAMBISO NR/NRIAMWAMBI160 NFUAM B/W 250

vapors

1/3:2!3 100 30 loO@ 16O’F Sat’d 68715 1CO Sat’d

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polpm

185

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
SERVICE

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, ‘F FOR RESIN TYPES HETRON Pm SIIIIFI~PI” HETTROll 7211971197A
AM0

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Benroic Anhydride ...... ..... Benzotnchloride Benzoyl Benzoic Acid to)’ ..... : : : ::: Benzoyl Chloride .... Benzoyl Chloride Vapors with HCI, H,O, Benroic Acid .................. ........... Benzyl Alcohol ........... Benzyl Benzoate ........................ Benzyl Chloride .......................... BetzSullite3t,pH5.5.. ................... ................. Biocidet 207 Biocidet 205 @ 125OF : : ................... Biocide: Chlorophenate, Organic Sulfur Type Biocide; Chlorophenol, Methylone Thiocyanate Blend @ 125’F ............. Biodegradable, All Purpose Liquid Cleaner .......................... Biodegradable Detergent, Liquld ............. Biodegradable Detergent Ultrawrtt 5OK ....... Biodegradable Dotergent Ultrawott 4tiDS ..... Biodegradable Detergent Ultrawrtt BOL ....... BKOH, AmscoT. Solvent .................... Black Chrome Bath: Chromic, Acetic, Barium, Acetate ........................ Black Liquor, pti > 7 ...................... Black Liquor Recovery Fumaca Gases @ 210.325*F .......................... Black Liquor Room Flooring, Spills ........... Black Liquor, Spent Sulfite, Calcium Bass Mill pH 1.52 (Trace Formic & Acatate) ...... Blanch, Peanut, Hot Water, Detergent @ 16Q°F ...................... Bleach, Ferricyanide with K Bromide for Photography ......................... Bleach Reactor. 6% Sodlum Hypochlorlta’ .... Bleached Pulp ............................. Blow Gas Absorber ......................... Bonderitet 73’ ............................ Bonderitet 722X? .......................... Bondarttrt K.7lCl-g 701-P .................... Bonderitet K.761. pH 56 .................... Bonderitet 37,3?S, 39’ ...................... Bondoritet 721-S’ .......................... Bonderitet 1303 Makeup .................... Bonderitet 1303 Replenishing ................ Borax .................................... Bordeaux Mlxturo .......................... Bork Acid ................................ Boric Acid: Nickel Chlorlda Nkkrl Sulfate ...... Boric Acid: Sodium Sulfate with 0.25% Sulfuric Acid, 0.03% H,O,, 100 ppm Iron, 3OG3 ppm Chloride, Temperature Cycled” .... Bottle Washer Solution ..................... Bowl Cleanset ............................ BowlCleanse,MildT ........................ Brake Fluid ............................... Brass Plating Solutton 3% Coppen 1% Zinc and 5.6% Sodium Cyanides, 3% Sodium Carbonate’ ............................. Brew Kettle Fumes ......................... Brine,CI,Sat.,pH2 ......................... Brine, Dechlorinatsd: pH 2-3, Free Chlorine (Traces) @ 2W~22gDF ............. Brine, Salt ................................ Broke Chest Fumes ........................ Bromine, Dry Gas .......................... BromineFumes ............................ Bromine, Liquid ............................ Bromine Water ............................ Bromine: Water ............................ Bromine, Wet Gas ......................... Bronze Plating, 4% Copper, 5% Sodium Cyanides, 3% Sodium Carbonate, 4.5% Rochelle Salts .............. Brown Stock Washer Hoods, Ducts .... : : : : tSee list Of tradem.wks and product names
‘*HETROf, c‘,“d,,,dns rg, ,nd 700 IC,,CI w,,h Some crazmo

CONCEN. TRATION % loo loo All 100
Jnknown Gt 194-221’ 1W 100 100 ID0 100 100 IW

WETROM’ 92199P

AROKIL 7240/7430 SERIES

WETRON 7001700c

NFCNPJNR -/NR NRINR 200 125 LS/LYNR 125 LSiLYNR 100 NR

NR NR

NR

_
NW-

210:NRJ-

NPJNR NR 125 SAT 125 SAT loo 1tM AMBlNR NR 200 125 SAT 125 NW30 NW0 -

SAT
loo loo

loo/1001-

IO0 loo 100 loo

1w 150 130 100 lWfloo/115

lW’/NR

LYNR 2201180 NR AMB

loo/21OQ20 NWSAT

NRINR --ISAT/NR

NR

@ ZlZ’F 80 140 190 185 1M 100 120 150 a5 NR NR -

NR NR -

NFU-

NR -

12wNR 100 loo loo’/loo’/210/210122u , -

Sat’d
Sat’d &I253 agal -/180 -

167mcVI67 140 200 180

1801140 1BoIlXl

22CV140 2W

1525 5.10

-

--12ow206 loo 1w -

-I206

loo

206’1I ?O/twiloOiNFVIX)

IW

lXV300310 S&d Sat’d la, la3 Sat’d @ 75-F 5% 100 AM&W 180 SATi AMBFaO 14WNRIgpl

180 150 220 SAT 220 SAT AMB 140 NR

IM NR

180’ 2121200

IBOI2101220 NR’,-

1801150 NR NR NR NR NR

200 AM0 NR

210/220 Boll00 AMBIIW NR SAT 180/2w 80

AMB’

-

,es,ns rpprrr 10 DC unswtabk under but l e n?sisf&7f under SUIK CondmnS.

CyCllC

180’SATISAT SAT 'D,Ssolvcd solids. 1574.2183 ppm PO.. 0.25 ppm: rota/ PO.. 1.3 ~ppm: CU. 0 7 pm. In. 3.4 pppm. Fe. 7.8 ppm: C&o, 4x) ppm mar.. Chromafr. hexa. 18.22 ppm Cl2 rosrduel.02045 p@n:NeCl. 527.‘02 pprn

(continued)

186

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
CONCENTRATION %
1012'b sollos loo 100 100 HETROW' 92199P

(continued)
RESIN TYPES HETAON 920 SERIES,980 1:‘: ‘.P 60 120 8G'?20 %3'120 NRIOO 21G,NR8C' 160'180 NR210*16C 160,N9100 _ 180,HETRON 721197;197A 120' a5 85 AM0 80 100 100 100 85 85 NR 80 AMB 100 120 NR 120 AMB AM0 200 180 90 90 AROPOL 7240:7430 SERIES HETRON 700 7ooc '20 _ _ AMB lCK!NR 220150 NR 80 NR 2001120 NR 120 200:150 150 AMB NR -

SERVICETEMPERATURE.'FFOR

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Build? Detergent Solution. pli 9.10 Butadisne Latex ........... P.Butoxyethanol 2.2.Butoxvethoxvethanol : : : .. :. ....... B;tyl Acetate : ... Butyl Alcohol: Ethyl Hrxylacatate: Di4sobutyl Ketone ...................... Butyl Alcohol, Normal .................... Butyl Alcohol, Secondary ................... Butyl Alcohol, Tertiary ..................... Butyl Carbitolt ........................... Butyl Cellosolvet ................... Butyl Cellosolvet: Monoethanolamine Film Stripper Q 136°F ................. Butyl Ether .... Butyl Ether. Phosphorfc: ~Hydr&lo&’ : : : :,I : : Butyl Phthalate ........................... Butylamlne .............................. Butylena Glycol ........................... Butylrne Oxide ........................... Butyric Acid ................. ......... Butyric Acid ............................. Butyric Acid .......................... Butyric Acid ............................. C56T .................................. C.56t.Crudo ............................. C56t; High Purfty ......................... C56T; Beg. P High Purfty Wet With H,O ....... Cadmium Cyanide Plating Bath, (3% Cadmium Oxide; 10% Sodium Cyanide; 12% Sodium Hydroxide)’ ............................ Calcium Bisulfide ......................... Calcium Bisulfite ......................... Calcium CarbonateJ ....................... Calcium Carbonate, 90%; Magnesium Hydroxide, 10%; Nickel & Iron Hydroxides’ . Calcium Chlorate ......................... Calcium Chloride ......................... Calcium Chloride, pH 5.5 ................... Calcium Chloride, pH 8.5 ................... Calcium Chloride: Phosphoric Acid ........... Calcium Chloride: Sodium Chloride: Magnesium Chloride .................... Calcium Hydroxide’ ....................... Calcium Hydroxide’ ....................... Calcium Hydroxide ....................... Calcium Hypochlorttea ’ ................... Calcium: Magnesium: Sodium Chlorides ...... Calcium Nitrate ........................... Calcium Oxide ............................ Calcium Sulfate .......................... Camphene, Chlorinated 68%: Xylene ......... Camphor ............................... Can Cleaner, Acidic, pH 1.2, Sulfuric & Hydrofluoric, Aluminum 6 Oil Impurities’ ............................. Can Treatment, ChromeFree, pH 5-6 ......... Can Treatment, Chrome Phosphate, pH 2 ...... CaneSugar Liquor.. ...................... Canning Plant Waste ...................... Capric Acid .............................. Capric Acid .............................. Caprylic Acid ............................. Caprylic Acid ............................ Carbamide .............................. Carbon Beds, Water Treatment .............. CO,: SO,: N,: 0,: H,O Vapors ................ Carbon Dioxide, Wet. Acidic ................. Carbon Disulflde .......................... Carbon Dlsulfide Recovery Fumes ............ Carbon Disulfide Vapor ..................... Carbon Monoxide Gas ...................... Carbon Tetrachloride ....................... Carbon Tetrachloride, Vapor .............. Carbonic Acid .................... .......

AMBi90 -I93 -90 -1190 -ma NPJ801-/160 NW12OI150 -/150 --I150 AMBIwix%-

mLSAMB,luR 8OINR 80INR BOINR 851NR *0.:_ 1601140 NR 120 15oi130 1501NR -

5 10:85
100 100 100 100 100 5730 100 Unknown 100 IOU @ 75-F 100 100 25 50 70 100 100 100 99+

Sat'd Sal'd Sat'd 25 Sat'd Sat'd 55 35 2510 10:12:2 15 25 Sat'd Sat'd 10:2:12 Sal'd Sat'd Sat'd 90.10 100 @75-F -I170 -/160 25cf180 2M -

NR _ 250 250 --127e*/--12w100 150 175'/175/120 150

NR 16011701110 160!140 --ILSI20 1501120 lEo/15c 180193 160190 120/1801150 18OflM NR

220~200 1.60 210 200 225/220 27&23&_ 180 160 160 120 2201200 22012cO -

210~220 _ 180 210220 210>220 2101220 180,160,180 210'220 2101220 -

--/lM) --ilfxJ -/160 -I100 -llE!O

150 250/200 --INR 250 122 -

-

120 120 120

-

160 160 16C 160 160190 250/200 NR 160 NR NR AMB 21013ol NR 210,300 LSAMB150 AMB.150 AMB 180 NRBO 180200 NR80 !80:200 1601-

Sat'd 5 Satd 5 Sat'd 12zO0.1:70:5:14vol by 100 100 25 100 100 100 Sal'd 250 NR 140 NRI160/200 125/14OlAMB 160 --I160 --116O 140 140 160 200 120 250 NR 160 125' 140 160 AM0 160/120 1601120 16OllW 160/100 150190 2W/lYl NR NR NR 2001150 LS.AMB.NR AM0 16Oi130

tseellsl Of trademarksand "arnes product
(continued)

188

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VI

‘L ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
SERVICE

(continued)
TEMPERATURE. ‘F FOR RESIN TYPES HETRON 920 SERIES!990 HETRON 721971197A 180
180

CONCEN. TRATION % 5.3 7 35.23 Sat’d Sal’d 25 50 COX 3040 Q 110-F 100 100 0 12O’F 100 100

HETRON’ 92 99P

AROPOL 724017430 SERIES

NETRO” 700’700c
NR _ -

Chlorine Dioxide Process Generator Covers’ Chlorine Dioxide Retention Tower’ Chlorine Dioxide: Sodium Carbonate and Bicarbonate. pH 6 Chlorine Dioxrde: Sodium’Chloride’ .............. Chlorine Dioxide, Vapor Chlorine Dioxide-Washer Hoods, Ducts ... Chlorine Dioxide, We? .............. Chlorine Dioxide: Sulfuric (lO.Shl) .......... Chloroacatlc Acid ........................ ....... Chloroacetic Acid Chloroacetic Acid ......... : : : ::: Chloroacetic Acid Plant Water Scrubber :: Chlorobenzene .... .. Chlorobenzene Vapor 6 Condensate’ ... :: Chlorolluocarbon ........................ Chlorofon Alkaloids, HCI, Acetic, Sodium Chloride, Water Fume System ............ Chloroform, Llquid ....................... Chloroform: Methylsno Chlorida: Carbon Tetrachloride, Small Amount Methyl Chloride, ii,O, HCI @ lOOoF ............ Chloroform, Vapor .................. Chlorosulfonic Acid ...................... Chlorothene N.U.f ............... Chlorotoluene (0) .......... : : ........ : : Choline Chloride; Reactlon of Trtmethylamlne HCI and Ethylene Oxide ................. Chromate-Zinc Blend lnhlbltor Strbillzed ... Chrome Acid Plating Bath Vapor ............ Chrome Anodizing Solution .............. Chrome Barrel Plating Fumes ............. Chrome Bath, Black, Chromic, Acetic, Barium Acetate ....................... Chrome Bath, 19% Chromic Acid with Sodium Fluorosilicate and Sulfate’ ............... Chrome Frae Can Treatment, pH 6 .......... Chrome, Hard, Plating Baths ....... :. ...... Chrome Phosphate Can Traatmant, pfi 2 ..... Chrome Plating .......................... Chrome Plating Bath Vapors ............... Chrome Reduction Process ................. Chrome Raductlon Procass Liquor ......... Chromic Acid ........................... Chromic Acid ............................ Chromk Acid ............................ Chromic Acid ............................ Chromic Acid ............................ Chromk Acid ............................ Chromic Acid ............................ Chromic Acid ............................ Chromic Acid ............................ Chromic Acid ........................... Chromic Acid Evaporator, Vacuum, Recovery Units wlth 20% by Volume Concentrated Sulfuric @ 160-F ....................... Chromic Acid, Intermittent .................. Chromic: Nitric: Hydrofluork Acids’ .......... Chromic: Nitric Hydrofluork Acids’ .......... Chromic: Phosphoric: Hydrofluoric Acids’ ..... Chromic: Phosphoric: Hydrofluoric Acids’ ..... Chromic Acid: Sodium Fluoride. High Agitation’ ......................... Chromic: Sulfuric Acids .................... Chromic: Sulfuric Acids .................... Chromic: Sulfuric Acids .................... Chrornlc: Sulfurk Acids .................... Chromic: Sulfuric Acids .................... Chromic: Sulfuric Acids .................... Chromic: Sulfuric Acids .................... Chromic: Sulfuric Acids’ .................. Chromic: Sulfuric: Hydrofluosilicic Acids’ ..... Chromic: Sulfuric: Hydrofluosilicic (Chrome Plating)’ .. ... Chromic Oxide in 300°F end 160°F’Air,’ ... Quenched with 1OO’F Water, 5060 fps
t&e hsl of trademarks and product names

_ -

1201Qa 1301NR NR NR NR -

_ 200 150 lo(1 NWNRIN F&SO -

loo 120 200 SAT 140 120’

NR

120 QO NR NR -

NR
NR NR NR

90 AM6 NR NR 156 At.46 NR

Nh15&NW-

NR

NR

NR

39:65:5 100 100 100 0 6O’F 100 @ 200-F

NR NRNRNW-

NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR -

NR NR NR 160 LS125iNR -

NFUNPJNR -

100 12Ol-

125 200 150 115

125 -

-

-

-

-

NR-

200 1M 130 1M

NR -

NR NR

100 SAT lOQi120 601100 - 180 NW60 NR NR NR NR NR

Q 100-F @ 12O’F 25

-

22@220/2301230/2w 1% LS200’1LSXXllNR 150 140 NR 40 vapor/NR 140 140*11404150 1% 120 2Ockl&Y-

NR -

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

5 10 15 20 30 40 M 6.5 ltwgal 60 Sat d

AMBINR NR NR NR NR NR NR

56 oz/gal 1520 5:2:3 62:1.5 7:40.2 9.3:6.5:11

NR

SAT/-/xx) 60 60 103 100 136

NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR -

-

36:ppm
40:0.4 ougal 6353 oz/ga1 33:0.33 or/gal 530.53 odgal 3:16 x)s?g 12.5.16 2032 35.2:O 2:0 4 450305 <2 OUgal NO chemical 150-

NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

153 140 140 177 16.5 180 225/225/QO 115 115 attack wth

197. not swtabie

due to abrawn

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

189

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VII Ni fL ESTER RESI

S-ASHLAND
HETRON’ 92/99P

(continued)
AROPOL 724017430 SEAIES HETAON 700/700c HETAON 920 SERIES/980

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

Chromic: Phosphoric: Hydrofluoric Acids’. .... Chromic: Phosphoric: Hydrofluoric Acids’. .... ...... ................. Chromic Sulfate Chromium Hardening Fixing Bath, ........ Photographic .. .. Chromium Hardening Stop Bath; Photographic . ........................ Chromium Potassium Sulfate ................ Chromous Sulfate .......................... Citrate Process for SO, Removei .............. Citrext Process for SO, Removal ............. Citric Acid ............................... Citric Acid ............................. .......................... Citric Acid ..... Citric: Lactic Acids ........................ Citric AcidlSuifate/Chlorlde in Mixed Solvents-Minerel Spirlt Type @ 7S-220°F .... Clay Slurry 20%, 20% Potash in . Sat.Brine@AMB.. Cleaner 508T .............................. Cleaner, Biodegradable, All Purpose Liquid .................................. Cleaner 8 Disinfectant, Pd 94t ............... Coal Dust Scrubber ........................ Coal. Med. Sulfur, Particulate Scrubber, pH 1.439, Ci560-1200 ppm, 300,ooO ACFM .... Coal/Water Slurry @ 8o°F ................... Coatlngs, Water Reducible @ 120°F Acrylic Wet Ink Varnish (PPG industries) ..... Polyester White Enamel (PPG industries) ..... Epoxy Spray Liner (PPG Industries) .......... Acrylic Spray Liner (PPG Industries) ......... Cobalt di (2 ethyl hexyl) phosphate: tri-m.butyl phosphate: Shell’s livestock spray base ...................... Cobalt Nitrate ............................. Cocamidopropyl Betaine .................... Cocamidopropyi Dimethyiamine .............. Coconut Fatty Acid Dlethanoi Amide .......... CoconutOil.. ............................. ............ Codliver Oil .................. Collee Roasting Fumes ................... Combustion Gases, Particulate, Cooling and Washing with Water .................. Condensable Liquor, pH 9, Pulp and Paper Mlii .............................. Cooling Tower Inhibitor, ChromateZinc Blend, stabilized ......................... Coollng Towers ............................ Cooling Water”, ph 5.57 .................... ....... Cooling Water, 20 ppm Chromate ........... Copper Acetate ............... Copper Chloride ........................... Copper Chloride: Silver Nitrate ............... Copper Cyanide’ ........................... Copper Cyenide Plating ..................... Copper Cyanide Plating Bath, (10.5% Copper and 14% Sodium Cyanides; 6% Rochelie Saitsp @ 19tIOF ............................... Copper Cyanide, Potassium Cyanide, Potassium Hvdroxide’ Copper Electrolytic Cells Copper Extractant, Ion Exchange Oxime Type Copper Fluoride] CopperLeachTanks........................ Copper Matte Dipping Bath, 30% FeCI,; 19% Hydrochloric . . Copper Nitrate Copper Oxide: PbSO,: S: FeO: ZnSO,: Bi,(SOJr Dust ..__.... Copper Oxychloride Copper Oxychloride Copper Pellet Smelter Copper Pickle Bath, Sulfuric/Water _

J-

SERVICE TEMPERATURE, OF FOR RESIN TYPES
HETAON 7211971197A 100 too _ 60 80 150 140 140 160 BP’ 150

CONCEN. TRATION %
7:40 2

9.3:6.5:11 All _ Sat’d Sat’d 50 Sat’d Sat’d @ 265-F Unknown 40 Slurry 100 100 Liquor 1O/90 -

-1200 BP1200 _ SAT @ 12 fps

_
150

170/l 40 1601150 160/150 NR -

140 140 160 220 NR _

2101220 BP’ NR -

160 loo 100 150

Hetron

150 197-3 with abrasion -/-/NR -/--INA NR --I-/NR

resistant NR” NW’ NR NR”

Filler Satefactory SAT SAT NR SAT

at 7 fps SATISATINRISAT!-

150/loOI-

30:5:65 Sat’d 100 100 1W 100 100 100 Sat’d Sat’d 1533 Sat’d Fumes

176 -/140/120 120 100 100 130’ 125 AMB 160 360’ 250 AMB 200 160

120/120/14017YAMB -

140/120 120 140175 _ 130

140’/120/120/15Ol160 _ _ 130’/AMB 170 180 1601160 2101220 _ 2101220 -

125 AMB 1501130 1601130 160/1601150 WNR -

LS125INR AMB 180 2201200 200.

At.40 -/I20 250 200190 -

-

NW6:3:2 angal 1CHl Sat’d Q 75°F --INR -

NR 175 150 115 150 160 140 200 300/3001175 _ NR 160/140 NR NR -

SAT 200 _ _ 220/200 -

1201_ _ zoo/210/220 _ _ _ -

Sat’d l&25:25 10.6 3 20 Sat’d Fumes 1 gal19 gal

1401160 _ 1401AMBI_ tSee

“Dissolved so/Ids. 1574.2183 ppm: PO.. 0.25 ppm; tofal PO., 7.3 pprn; Cu. 0.7 ppm; Zn, 3.4 ppm; Fe, 7.8 ppm; CaCo, 450 ppm max.; Chromate, hexa. 18-22 ppm. C/, res,doal, 0.2-0.45 ppm: NaCI, 527.702 ppm.

list 01 trademarks

and product names

(continued)

190

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 1.54:
CH.#lCAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
SERVICE

(continued)
TEMPERATURE. ‘F FOR RESIN TYPES HETROH 920 SERIES980 2’0 HETRON 72/1971197A 220 180 SAT I50 250 150 120 loo 100 100 AMB SO 130 AROPOL 7240:7430 SERIES HETRON 700!700c 22Ol220 _ 22o:zw 150 120 1eOllW 180rloo NR 130 2w 200 LS125iNR -

CONCEN. TRATION %

HETROW’ 92!99P

Copper Pickling Bath (Fe,(SO.),, &SO.) Copper Plating Solution(45% Cu(BF.),; 19% Copper Sulfate; 8% Sulfuric’ ..... Copper Refining Cells ................. Copper Smelter Fumes ......... CopperSullate ................ ::::...I:. Copper Sulfate: Sulluric ................... Copper Sulfate: Sulh~ric ................... Copper Sullate: Sulfuric Acid ...............
Corn Corn Oil ................................

_ Sat‘d 5-18 50.xX1 1228 100 Slurry All 100 100 100 100 100 100 @ 75-F 100 12:5

f _ 250 15OllWl-/NR -/NR -/NR -/NR

_ 1801120 lM’/100 NR NA NR NR

laa 2iOi250 120*:150’200 2’0>22C 210 220 _ ‘50 200 NR IBOI_ 2101220 100 2101230 -

gpl

Starch .................. ........ Corn Sugar ........... ............. Corn Syrup, Acid, Decoloriring ............ Corn Syrup, Crude Acidic ..... CottonseedOil ............. 1: .:..:::: Cresol ................................. Cresol Fumes ........................... Cresylic Acid ............................ Cresylic Acid Fumes .. ................... Cresylic Acid: Sodium Hydroxide’ ........... Cresylics, Water, Neutral Oils, Mercaptans. H,S, Waste Liquor, pH 56 .... CrudeOil,B ............................. Crude Oil, Sour ......................... Crude Oil Storage Tank Bottoms ........... Crude Oil, Sweet ......................... Cupric Sulfate: Fe& Bulfair: Sulfurtc Acid .......................... Cutback Diluent, Refinery ................. cw-ft 102 .............................. CyafSlOlt.. ........................... Cyanoacetic: Methyl lsobutyl Ketone; 0.6 Sulfuric in Saturated Sodium Chlorfde @ lOOoF ...................... Cyanuric Acid Tank with 16% Sulfuric, Steam and Calcined Urea ................ Cyanuric Chloride Scrubbed with 6.26% NAOH’ Cyclohexanr ............................ Cyclohexane ............................ CyClohOxaM: Acetone: Hrxan: Watr ....... Cyciohexanono .......................... Cyclohexylamine: Hydrochloric Acid ........ Cycl~Octadlrne ......................... Cygont 400 ............................. Cygont 400 ............................. Darext46 ............................... Daxadt 30 ............................... DDT. Inrectlcide Bolutlon ................... Decanol ................................. Dechlorinated Brlnr pH 2.3, Fm Chlorine (fracre) ........................ Deionized Watep ......................... Deionized Water, High Purity, 1.5 )rmho/cm. .... Demineralized Water ...................... Depleted Na 6 K Brines .................... Deamuttor I Deoxidizer for Aluminum’ ..... , .. Desulfurtzer Feed/Rofiney ................. DosulfurIzing SO,, H,S wlth Monoethanolamlnr ..................... Detergent Alcohols ........................ Detergent Base-Tridecylbenrenr Gulfonatr Detergent, Biodegradable, Llquid ............ Detergent, Dimethyl Benzyl NmAlkyl Type with 23% HCI. 77% Inerts ................ Detergent, Dlmethyl Benzyl N-Alkyl Type with 25% Phorphorlc. 75% Inert r .......... Detergent, Dirhwrrhing. Llquld, Biodegradable .......................... Detergent, Organic pH l&11’ ................ Detergent, Pax Hyrpwdt ................... Detergent, pH 6 ........................... Detergent Solution, Buildt pH 9.10, 1012% Solids’ ......................... Detergents, Germicidal .................... Detergents, Organic ....................... Detergents, Sulfated .....................
“NO change m ware, at 0 1 tf z lammare/gal. “AROPOL 7530 satslactory as m

134XAMB 180,150 1301110 18ollM AMBI125 90

10:1020 -

210 210 180 125 -

-

100 -

650

LSSAT 212’ 175 14WNFU175 140 NR NR 100 150 NR 180 14W180 -

212/NR 17Y1601NR 150/NR -

217J2w LS to 2lOiNR NR NR NR 150 150 -

Vapor 100 10:10:1:79 1W 955 Q 100-F 100 3 75 103

160 Kv120 NRNFLNR’I2101220 2!0~220 NRI120/1&l 120’1lW/:001-

2.5 100 Sat’d
loo loo 1w

IS0 loo 200 l&I 212 200 AMB AMB’INFUNR 120 loo 100 loo 100 1w NR loo 1SO/w AMB”INR” 1801212

80 AMBINR 120 loo

Sat’d -

100 Sat’d 3 16LXI&l/-

1w -

lW/lW/-

160 I40

_ 1201100 -

120’ Cone lank

NR 180,-

loo/-

120 -

100 -

2@3O.@JO gal

tSee

list of trademarks

and product names

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

191

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VII

‘L ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
CONCEN. TRATION % All 65 10:10 100
100 @ HETRON’ 92199P

SERVICE TEMPERATURE. “F FOR RESIN TYPES
HETAON 721197/197A AAOPOL 724017430 SERIES 16OllW HETAON 700/700c 2W’ 100 180 NR NR NR 80 15O/AMB HETAON 920 SERIES/980 2101220 _ lCOI1501180 I W/SAT NR NR NR 80’1150 1M/200 210/150 300 -/LSINR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LS/NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR LSlNR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 120 NR NR NR NR NR NR 2M) NR NR LS AMB LSiNR LS/NR 120 120 NR _ NR NR LSI_ NR NRIlW NPJNRINR NR NR NRINR NR NR 120/1501200 804120 80 120 801120 NR NR NR NR NFVNFUIOO NR 1501200 so _ 1201150 NPJNRI120/100/l 50 AMBIlOO 801120 _

(continued)

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Detergents, Sulfonated .................... Developer, Photographic, Caustic’ .......... Developer, Photographic, Moderately Alkaline ............................ Developers, Color ......................... DFR.lZlT ...................... ^. ....... Dialiylphthalate ........................... Di-Ammonium Phosphate @ 225OF .......... DFAmmonium Phosphate: Ammonium Sulfate Di.Ammonlum Phosphate Vapor ............. Dlbromophenoi ........................... 2,3Dibromopropanol Q 120°F .............. Dibromopropanol; Small Amount Trim bromopropane & Brominated Organics ..... Dibutyl Ether ............................. Dibutyl Phthalate ......................... Dibutyl Sebacate ......................... Dlcalcium Phosphate “gas”: Llquid; ScrubbingpH54.. ....... . .............. 2. SDichioroJ-Aniline in 32% HCI @ 170°F .... Dichloroacetaldehyde ..................... Dichioroacetic Acid ....................... Dichlorobenrene ..........................
1.2.Dichloroethane

80’/80/60 80’/80180 80’180180 100 LS/LS/NR LSlLSlNR 80 Ah40

lW’/IW 160/13a AM0 NR SO’/Ah40

6%12O’F
100 IW 100 -

Diesel Fuel............................... Diesel Fuel, Premium ...................... Diethanoi Amine .......................... Diethanol Amine .......................... Diethyl Benzene .......................... Diethyl Carbonate ......................... Diethyl Ether ............................. Diethyl Formamide ........................ Diethyl Ketone ........................... Diethyl Maleate ........................... Diethyl Maleaie: Water ..................... Diethyl Sulfate .......................... Diethylamine ............................ Diethylene Giycol ......................... Diethyiene Glycol Nebutyi Ether .............. Diethylene lmide Oxide .................... Diethylene Trlrmine’ ......................

Dichloroethene ........................... Dichloroethylene .......................... Dichloromethane ......................... Dichloropene: Dlchloropropane .............. Dichlorophenol ........................... Dlchlorophenoxyacetlc Acid ................ Dichloropropane .......................... Dichloropropane: Dichloropene .............. Dichloropropene .......................... Dichloropropionic ......................... Dichromate Bleach, Sulfuric, Photographic .......................... Dicoco Dlmethyl Ammonium Chloride ........ DiCrobe NNT, Germicidal Detergent .......... Dlcyclopantadiene ........................

........................

IW’F 100 @ 265’F 100
100 @ 100 100 100 100 Q 1W’F IO0 2 100 @ 100-F 100 100 100 loo 30 100 IW 100 100 @ 75’F 100 @ 75’F loo 100 @ 75’F 97~3 @ 212’F 100 loo 100 100 10 100 10:10:10:70 20 loo 100 75:25 @5:10:5 100 100 100 loo 70 100 @ 75’F

80 120’ loo 100 175 110 110 120’ NR NR 1w 100 85 100 NR -/SAT/NR NA 120’ 80 AMB IM) 150 NR

120’112u 175040 AMBIAMBINR NR NR NR NR 1801150 NR 120’1120 -

Diethylene Triamine: Ethylene Diamine: Sodium Hydroxide: Water’ ................ Dlethylhexyl Phosphoric Acid (In Kerosene) .... Digester Blow Down Vapors @ up to 220°F .... Digester Room, Pulp Mill, Floors, Spills ....... DigiycolamineG 270°F .................... Diglycolamine. Sat’d. with CO, and H,S @ 27OOF.. ......................... Dihydrcgenated.Tallow Dlmethyl Ammonium Chloride: Aqueous isopropanoi ............ Diisobutyl Ketone: Ethyl Hexyiacetate: Butyi Alcohol ........................... Diisobutyl Phthalate ................ ...... Diisobutylene ............................ Diisocyanate, Diphenyl Methane ............. Diisopropanolamine ....................... Dimethyl Acetamide ....................... Dimethyl Acetamide ....................... Dimethyl Benzyl N-Aikyl Type Detergents with 23% HCI or 25% phosphoric and rest inerts ..........................
tSee 11s of trademarks and product names

-

loo

-

-

lOOI-

(continued)

192

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
CONCENTRATION %
HETAON’ 92/99P

(continued)
HETRON 72119711971 AROPOL 7240/7430 SERIES HETAON 700170’lc HETAON 920 SERIES/980

SEnVICE TEMPERATURE, ‘F FOR RESIN T\ PES CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Dimethyl Distearyl Ammonium Chloride: Aqueous lsopropanol Dimethyl Formamide ........................: : : : : : : Dimethyl Formamide ..................... Dimethyl Formamide @ 9O’F .............. Dimethyl Formamide: Terephthalic Acid: HCI: Water ........................ Dimethyl Morpholine Q 120°F .............. Dimethyl Phthalate ........................ Dimethyl Phthalate: Methyl Ethyl Ketone: MEK Peroxide .................. ...... Dimethyl Sulfoxide ........................ Dimethyl Tin Dichloride. .................. Dimethylamine .......................... Dimethylamine ........................... DMP: MEK: MEK Peroxide .................. Dinitrobutyl Phenol in 25% Sulfuric Acid Weste @ 150°F .................... Dloctyl Phthalate ......................... Dioxane ................................. Diphenyl Ether ........................... Diphenyl Methane Diisocyanate ............. Diphenyl Oxide ........................... Dipropylene Glycol ........................ Dipropylene Glycol Dibenzoate .............. Dishwashlng Detergent, Liquid, Biodegradable .......................... Dishwashing Liquid ....................... Disinfectant, Chlorinated Phenol Type ........ Disinfectant & Cleaner, Pd 84T .............. Dispersant, Anionic, Blend .................. Dispersant, Nonionic, Blend ................ Dispersing Agents ........................ Distilled Water’ ........................... Di-Syston ............................... Dlversey 514T’ ............................ Diversey808T’ ............................ Divinyl Benzene ........................... Dodecane ............................... Dodecene ............................... Dodecene, Trace HCI ...................... Dodecyl Alcohol .......................... Dodecyl Benzene Sullonic Acid: Sulfuric Acid: Water: Oil .................. Dodecylbenrene Sulfonic Acid Dolomite Kiln Gases, Wet .................. Dowclene ECt ............................ Drain Cleaner, Liquid (Spartan Chemical) Q 80°F ............................... Drewsparse 732t .......................... Drewsperse734f .......................... Drewsperse735T Q 12S°F .................. Drewsperse 738T @ 125OF .................. Drewsperse 74lT Q 125°F ................. Drewsperse780f .......................... DW-875T, Styrene, Acrylic Emulsion .......... DXE: Xylene; Trace H,SO,; Flake Caustic ...... Dye Plant Water Treatment, pH 2-3 ........... EDTA ................................... Electrasolt Detergent ...................... Electronics Plant Waste .................... Electrostatic Precipitator Fumes, ‘11% Carbonate, 3% Sulfate, 1110% Fluorides, 1110% Bicarbonates ..................... Electrostatic Precipitators, S; H,S; SO, ........ Elvaset ................................. Emulsifier, Oil and Grease, Alkanolamide Type ................ EP52.A85t ......................... Epichlorohydrin ................ Epoxidized Soybean Oil .......... Epoxy Spray Liner, Water Reducible 0 120°F (PPG Industries) ...... Eptamt, Herbicide’ .............. Erional NWf .................. Esters, Fatty Acid ..............

72~25
7.2 30 100 7:14:26:51 100 100 36:63:1 100 @ 75°F 50 4 60 36:63:1

120/NPJ-/NR NR NRI-

120’ 100 go NR 100 LSILSINR --lLS65/NR NR 65.60 130 --ILSBO/NR --lLSWNR -

120’1120 _ NR NR

120 _ NR -

120/NRINR NW00 120/150 _ _ -

NR NR NR -

NR 150 NR 150 NR _ NR _ 160 120 100 125 125 200 _ NR _ _ 125 125 SAT SAT SAT 125 NR AMB -

up to 16 100 100
100 @ 75’F 100 1GfJ 100 100

NRI-/NR NR NR 160 -

-/NR NR NR 120 NR 16a120 120 100 125 125 1601140 NR NR NR -

120/150 NR 60/120 60/120 1504160 120/100 100 loO/_ 2101220 NW120 601150 _ 1501160 2101220 _ _ AMB 150 AM0

120’ 100

1M) 100 100 100 100 1 to 10 Dilutmn 14 ozlgal 5.3 ozlga1 1W 100 100 100 100 65:10:4:1 All 1W NR 15XNR/100 100 100 100 1CO 100 5050 @ to 165-F 36 5 NR/lW/-

120 100 100 125 125 125 210 120 &I 140 AMB AM0 120 100 150 150 60 NR 125 125 SAT SAT SAT 125 60 NR 180 AMB -

125 125 LS/NR LSlNR LS/NR 125 NR -

100 1M) 100 100

-

165’ 260/260/100 120 AM8 125 NR 120 AMB 120

100’1100 AM0 NR _ 1801150

165 _ 100 120 AMB NR AMB’ 180

185/k loo/AMBINR 1201150 NPJAMB!160

COilC 1Cil loo

+~ee list

of

trademarks and productnames

(continued)

.......................... ::: ... ,,,:::

...

.............

194 TABLE

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
CONCEN. TRATION 6.6.6 10340 26 5oL 16 % HETROW‘ 92l99P 15w-

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, ‘F FOR RESIN TYPES HETAOW 920 SERIES/990 HETRON 7U1971197A AROPOL 7240 1430 SERIES HETRON 7001700c

SERVICE CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

........ Fertilizer Scrubbing Fertilizer Solullon ................... Fertilizer Solution .................. Fertilizer Solution, Nitrogen ........... Fire Retardant Liquld (Osmose Co:)’ ........ Fish 011 and Meal Exhaust Gas .............. Flsh Tanks’ .............................. Flxlng Baths. Phologrrphy ................. Floor Wax Polymers ....................... Flue Gas” @ 26&34O*F .................... Flue Gas” @ 190.280°F ................... Flue Gas, Bohr up to 45o’F ................ Flue Gas, Chemical Incinerator .............. ............. FlurGas,CorlFlredupto350°F Flue Gas, Garbage lnclnrrator ............... Flue Gas, llog Fuel, Some HCI, pli 3.7-7 ....... Flur Gas, Ruovery Bolla up to 400.F ........ Flur Gas Scrubbing, Ammonia Process ....... Flue Gas, Wet*’ ........................... Flue Gasn; Some Sulfuric Acid Fumos. Abraslvo Clay Partlcl~s .................. Fluoborlc Acid’ ........................... Fluoboric Acid’ ........................... Fluoride Salts + HCI’ ...................... Fluorinated. ChlorlnaI4 Acid Organlcs N@utralizad Wlth Limo. Effluon~ ........... Fluorlna’ ................................ Fluodnr Gas’ ............................ Fluorlnr: Phosphorus Pontoxkte ............ Fluorine Scrubber, Rocovr H,SIF,’ ........... Fluomlubos~, Ollr and Gnasoa ............. Fluoslllck Acid’ .......................... Fluosiliclc Acid’ .......................... Fluoslliclc Acld’ .......................... Fluoslllclc Acid’ .......................... Fluosillclc Acid Furnn, Wop ................ Fluowlfonk Acid .........................
Fly ASJl Sluny

175 60 80 SATlSATlNR SATISATINR SAT/SAT/NR 3m13m/SAT’ISAT’INR lea 155 SATISATINR 125 120140 BP lx) 105 65

80’1
@Q”

w175’/AMB

175 -

12on50 _ 1751-

160

NR NR NR NR NR 1%X251AMB

SATiNR LSlSYNWNRINPJNPJ160 120 2101220 16012rn -

-

160 160 -

180 180 -

10 Sal’d 3O:10

BPil6O -rw

100 @ 75-F im
1.5:1.5

Nix-

NR NR twiAMB NR NR AMB 1501120 AMB AMB AMBJNR NR 150~1rn AMB AMB 150 -

-

100
10 25 35 S&d

AMBI-

160 AMB 160 180 160

150 1M 100 loo i 50~2m 801120 1m AMB loOi160 120 120 -

im
-IAMB NR

700
NWxx) --190 --190 -l9O NFUlx) NR AMB 2m 1x1 15c1 SAT

............................

im @ 80-F
to 25 2x37 5052 37M Unknown @ 200-F

Formaldahydo ............................ Formaldohydo ............................ Formaldohydo ............................ FormaldrhydeO 150°F .................... Formaldehyde. Phenol, Sulfuric Fumos ....... Forrnsmlde .............................. Formk: Acetlc Acids ...................... Formic Acid’ ............................. Formic Acid* ............................. Formic Acid’ ............................. Formic Acid’ ............................. Formic Acid 60%, Sat’d with NACI: Unknown Organlcs ...................... Formic Acid Vapor’ ........................ Fourdrinier Drying Section Fumrs ........... Fourdrlnier Liquor .......................... Freon II ................................. Fruit Julus’ ............................. Fuel Oil, No. 1 and No. 2 .................... Fuel Oil, Naval, ML-F-669A ................. Fumigant, Sol1 ............................ Fumigants ............................... Fungicide, Phsnate Based .................. Fungus, 95% Relative Humidity MIL E4272C Aspergillus Flavus (lCl636) ................ Chaelomlum Globosum (6205) ............. Memenoniella Echinata (9597) ............. Ponicllllum Cltrinum (9649) ................ Furfural ................................. Furfural .................................. Furtural .................................. Furturyi Alcohol ........................... Furnace Oil ...............................
nAROPOL
2’ vol.

im
10:10 10 25 50

im200 AMB AMB NR

im*iLs 15&W 1201NR NR

imks
150

200
140’

150 AMB -

100 5350
10 -

100. im’ 40

194/13OiW

194 130 120

-

AMB -

75 120 -

100 300 im
COW. Gnlc.

17W17YNWNWAMBJw86/86/mlAMB NW-

170 175 NR NR 125 66 66 66 66 AMB

AMB 17w130

NR 125 86 66 66 66 NR AM&NR 125

1m 5
10

lx)/150 lm/wO NR 01 1.2%

50100 im

100 -

7343 SStr~lSclOy. 12.5: NI. 74.6. 0,. 4.9:

’ : SO,, 0.25: SO,. 0.03; CO,

rrO. 72% S0,‘5% O/12% C0,70% N,ll3 4% H,O; 5 pm7WlP 2.3&X7 burn HQ 1020 Pam HF. rus, 14h?1 t!See list of trademarks and product names

H,SC-.

H,O.

76. I/y ash. 5.0 9rrms

w. nlocrry60 IPS

“VoI. ‘I SO,. 0.25: SO, 0.003. CO,. 12.5. N1. 74 6. 0,. 4.9. H.O. 76 t/v ash. 1.2 WW7U I?: YCIOCI~Y 8 IDS

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

195

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND

I
CONCEN. TRATION % 100 Sat'd 100 100 100 SO:10 100 100 194/l% 1751loOIHETRON' 92/99P NR -

SERVICETEMPERATURE.°FFOR HETRON 7211971197A NR 125 60 200 200 160 160 60 194 175 AM6 _ 100 &I AMBI-I100 AROWL 7240/7430 SERIES NR _ AMBI1W'YNR 1OO'YNR 1301100 1751100 AMB AMBI100 1601100 60 100 12Y125/100 160 100 125 160 16011CQ 100 125 1601150 160/150 -

(continued)

RESINTYPES HETAON 7001700c NR _ _ 100 NR 1601150 100 1M) 100 NR 160 HETRON 920 SERIES/980 NR _ __ 100 103 100 100

Fusion 12.62t Q 175OF .................... G.61T .................................. Gallic Acid ........................ Gallotannin ........... .... ............. Galvanizing Line Fumes ................. Garbage Incinerator Fumes ................. Garbage Incinerator Water Scrubber ......... Gas Oil. Dirty, Refinery ..................... Gasohol; 91.6% Unleaded: 6.2% Ethanol ...... Gasohol; 93.6% Unleaded: 6.4% Ethanol ...... Gasoline ................................ Gasoline, Aviation ........................ Gasoline: Benzene ........................ Gasoline Components ..................... Gasoline, Ethyl ........................... Gaaollne, Lead Free ....................... Gasoline, Martna ........................ Gaaollna. MS-08 ........................ GelstIne; ........................... Geothermal Water ................... Gamtlcidal Detergents ................ Geyser Water, Condensate ............ Glass Cleaner, Fortified with NH, (Spartan Chemical Co.) .............. Globrita 15T ......................... Globrite X2tMT ...................... Gluconic Acid ....................... Glucose ............................ Glycerin Still Talllnga with Small Amount Sulfuric to 330°F ................... Glycerine ........................... Glycerine in Salt Sat’d. Water .......... Glycerol Dibromohydrln; Small Amount Tribromopropane & Brominated Organic8 ......................... Glycol.............................. Glycollc Acid ........................ Glycollc Acid ........................ Glyoxal ............................ Glyoxylic Acid @ 215OF ............... Glyoxylic Acid: SO, @ 215OF ........... Gold Pickling, Sulhuic ................ Gold Plating, pH 4.4 .................. Gold Plating Solution (23% Potassium Farrocyanide with Potassium Gold ’ Cyanide and Sodlum Cyanide), ....... Gold Smelting Furnace Gas and Dust.Wetupto4CxYF ............... Golden.GloT .............................. Golf Ball ScouringCleaning Solution .......... Green Liquor ......................... Gypsum Slurry + 1% H,PO,, + Trace HF’ Gypsum Slurry Cooler (Fertilizer Plant) ..... HalsoSSt ............................. Hard Chrome Plating Baths .............. HAS (Hydroxylammonium Acid Sulfate): Sulfurlc: Water’ ...................... HAS (Hydroxylammonlum Acid Sulfate): Sulfuric: Water’ ...................... HCI: Methylimlno Ether. Methanol: Isobutyronitrile: Impurities ............. Heating Oil ........................... Helium, Liquid ......................... Heptana, Dissolved Heavy Organics. Traces H,O, ZNCI,, HCI .60% Methanol, H,O, HCI, ZNCI,, Organics .2 Phases ............. Heptane, normal ....................... Heptane, Traces Water, HCI; Other Heavy Organic8 ...................... Haptane, Vapor & Condensate ........... Herbiclda, Liquid* ...................... Herbicide Powder & Fumes .............. Hexachlorocyclopentadiene ............. Haxachlorocyclopentadiana, Crude ....... Hexachlorocyclopentadiana; High Purity ...
tSee hst ottrademarks and

loo/160/lOOI100/125 210/220 NPJ2101220

C0fh.Z. -

-

50 100 100 70 200 -020 160

200 7C-240

100 @ 60.12O'F All 35 70100 40 25 25:Sat'd 25 -

250/140 120 NWNFU-

250125012w 140 103 NR NR 150 -

16Oll50 14011x) 120 NR NR lW/-

NR 220/200 140 100 LS'INR LS"NR 150 125i-

NW200 16012cC AMBJlDO 80 Ls/LSi150 _

@2CO'F 100

NRIAMWNRJNR

200 SATlSATlNR 100 NR 100 190 NR 130

NR 100 NR AMBI-

200 NR 100 SATI_ NR _ -

180/NR loO/SAT _ NW-

20:60:20 11:75:14 23:74:2:0.3:1

-

100 100 -/77/HETRON

-

100

31 SAT, NO Ve!. to .452"F

140 1M) AMBi120 100 110 10 100 100 120 60/w2001200/206 120 120 100 2M) 180 90 ZOO/120 tlO/NR NR -

2ca150 NR -

160 120 _ 160 160 -

product names.
(continued)

196

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VII

‘L ESTER RESII
CONCEN. TRATION %
!3+ 100 28 100 1OU

;-ASHLAND
HETRON'

(continued)
HETRON HETAON AROPOL 727197119711724017430 SERIES 700179ac
90 86 80 WI56 120’ 155 9w--/200 120 160 100 NR 200 200 200

SERVICE TEMPERATURE, OF FOR RESIN TYPES 92/99P
90/86/80 120/100 100 RH 1M) 10 70 1058 18 25 46 50:5:Trace 100 Unknown Unknown 1.5 10 15 20 32 36 36.37 37.5 1.1:z.g Unknown 230 230 230 85190 85l90 8Y230 230 230 180’ 150 100’ SAT/SAT/NR 160 160 77 120 NW-/160 -/WI 120

HETAON 920 SERIES/990

Hexachlorocyclopentadlene; Reg. & High Purity Wet With H,O ..................... HexachloroendomethyleneTetra. hydrophthalic Anhydride, Wet ............. Hexamethylenetetramine .................. Hexane ................................. Hexylene Glycol Ammonium Chloride ........ High Purity Water, 1.5 pmhdcm. ............. Hog Fuel Flue Gases, Some HCI, pH 3.707 ..... “Huff”, Misrourf, Okla. or Texas ............. Humid Air, Trace Sulfur Fumes ............ Humid Atmosphere ........................ Hydraulic Fluid, Skydrol SWT ............... Hydrazine ............................... Hydrazine ............... ............... Hydrfodlc Acid ........................... Hydrobromlc Acid ......................... Hydrobromlc Acid ......................... Hydrobromic Acid ......................... Hydrobromic Acid: Copper Oxide: Bromine ......................... Hydrobromlc Fumes Q 290°F ............... Hydrocarbon Alkylation .................... Hydrocarbon With About 10% Acetic Acid, Liquor and Vapor ................... Hydrocarbons: Ferric Chloride Mist .......... Hydrochlorfc Acid’ ........................ Hydrochloric AcIda ........................ Hydrochlorfc Acid’ ........................ Hydrochlortc Acid’ ........................ Hydrochloric Acid’ ........................ Hydrochloric Acida ........................ Hydrochloric Acid’ ........................ Hydrochloric Acid’ ........................ Hydrochloric: Amine Q 2oO“F’ .............. Hydrochloric: Ammonium Thlocyanate ....... Hydrcohlorlc Acid (12%) + Aqueous Ammonia to pH 0.3 ...................... Hydrochloric Acid, 2o” Be: Amine ............ Hydrochloric Acid @ B.P. ................... Hydrochloric: Brighteners’ .................. Hydrochloric: Chlorinated Hydrocarbons ...... Hydrochloric (BZ%):Chlorinatsd Organic Contaminates (phase separation 213 acid: 113 organic) ..................... Hydrochloric Acid (32%): Chlorfnated Organlcs .................... Hydrochloric (32%): Chlorinated Organics: Trlchloroethylene ....................... Hydrochloric: Cl,; Aromatic Sulfonic Acid; H,SO. ............................ Hydrochloric Acid, Cl,. Water, Chlorinated Organics .................... Hydrochloric Acid: 2, &Dlchloro-4 aniline @ 170°F ........................ Hydrochloric: Fluoride Salts’ ............. Hydrochlortc Acid + Free Cl, ............ Hydrochloric Acid, Fumea @ 22529oOF .... Hydrochloric: Hydrofluorlc: Nitrate’ ....... Hydrochloric Acid: Inerts: NoAlkyl Dimethyl Benzyl Ammonium Chloride: Tributyl Tin ChloridelEthylene Oxide/Amine ......... Hydrochloric: Methyl lsobutyl Ketone ...... Hydrochloric: Methyl lsobutyl Ketone; NH,CNS.. .......................... Hydrochloric: Nitric Acid” ............... Hydrochloric: Nitric: Sulluric @ up to 225’F Hydrochloric: Phenol: Aqua Regia ......... Hydrochloric: SW ppm Phenol; Ml ppm Octyl, Decyl, Butyl, Phosphorous Chlorides ........................... Hydrochloric Acid: Phenol: Water ........ Hydrochloric: Phosphoric Acids .......... Hydrochloric: Phosphoric: Butyl Ether ..... Hydrochloric Acid Pickling Tank Covers & Fumes’ ..................... Hydrochloric: Silicone Oils ...............
“NO change m water at 0.1 It.’ laminate/gal. ‘*AROPOL 7530 satmlactory.

80156!120’1120 AMB’VNR” w2w120 130100 NR NR 160/100 160/100 16W_ -

_
80 80.156 120 LSlSY120 NA 2001160 ZOO/160 1W _

_ _ 100 120/‘20 1501180 _ NR _ 210/220 2M) 150 160.220/2101220 2101220 210/220 2101220 160 150 100 SATI180’/NRI-

AMB SATlSATlNR 120 -iEa-

16Otl50 180/150 150 15OtlOO 125(90 125190 lCQ/NR

LS200 230/200 150 150 150 1501120 140/LSAMB/NR SATiNR 180 _ NR -

-

98.8:0.2w/w 20 10:30 32:<5 @ 60-F

88.3:11.7 @ 104’F 99:1 @ 104’F 68.1:0.9:14@ 25 Unknown 32 10:30 All 77:13:10 2al/104-F -

NR NR NR 80 60’/60/NR -/LS/NR 120 200 -/SAT/NR 100

LS/NR LS/NR -

_ _ NPJLSI-

-

23:77:0.1:0.1 15:100 15 20:5 6 Mola~lWO:10 Conc:0.5:0.5

158-203/NW-

100 -/156-203JNR 203 2lot210/60

NR -

_ -

loo/NRI-

37 10:20:70 Unknown Unknown 30 21

NRttSee -00

100 NR 120 120 215/195

NR -

_ NR _ -

NRI_ -

as !n 2~3O.LWO gat. tank

list of trademarks

and product names

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

197

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER
CONCEN. TRATION %
1445

;-ASHLAND
SERVICE HETRON’ 92199P

(continued)
TEMPERATURE. OF FOR RESIN TYPES HETRON 920 SEAIES’PBO HETRON 7tlPlI19lA 140 loo 90

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Hydrochloric: Sulfuric ......... Hydrochloric: Sulfurk: Antimony Trioxide ...... Hydrochloric: Sulfuric: Nitric Hydrochloric: Teraphthalk Acid: DImethyl’ Formamida: Water Hydrochlork Acid, Trace Phanol; &yl, Decyl. Butyl Chlorldor 6 Phosphorous Trichlortde ............................. Hydrochlork (aqueous) + Organic Solvents .... ..... Hydrochloric wlth 2 6 Dlchlor4nltroanlllnr Hydrochloric, 10% by volume with Ferrk and Ferrous Chlorides, pH 1 .............. Hydrochloric, Sat’d. Ferrous Chloride’ ......... Hydrochloric. Small Amount Acetone .......... Hydrochloric, Traca Organks ................ Hydrochlork. Traca Phenol and Cresylic Acid @ 175*F .................... Hydrochlork, Trrca Toluena 6 Chlorotoluene ... Hydrcchlork Trfmathylamlno ................ Hydrochloric, 60% by Vol.: Hydrofluork, 20% by Wt.: Sulfuric, 29% by Wt.: Sodium Dlchromate, 3% by Wt.a ............ Hydrocyanlc Acid .......................... Hydrolluork Acid’ .......................... Hydrofluoric Acid’ .......................... tfydrofluork Acid’ .......................... Hydrofluoric Acid’ .......................... Hydrolluorlc Acid’ @ 195-F .................. Hydrofluork Acid’ Q 195.F .................. Hydrofluork Acid’ .......................... Hydrofluork Acid @ 1WoF ... .............. Hydrofluork: Chlorfne: Nitric Oxide Fumes’ ..... Hydrofluorlc: Chromic: Nitric Aclds’ ........... Hydrolluork. 49%: Glacial Acat!c: 70% Nltrk ... Hydrofluork, 49%: Glacial Awtic: 70% Nltrk ... Hydrolluork: Hydrochlorfe Nltrfc’ ............ Hydrofluork, 20% by Wt.: Hydrochloric, 80% by Vd.: Sulfurk, 29% by Wt: Sodium Dkhromato, 3% by Wt.’ ............ Hydrofluork Actd: Nltrk’ .................... Hydrolluorlc Acid: Nltrfc’ .................... Hydrofluorlc Acid: Nltrlc’ .................... Hydrofluork: Nltrlc Acids .................... Hydrofluoric: Nitric Acids .................... Hydrofluork: Nitric Acids .................... Hydrofluorlc: Nltrk Pkkllng’ ................. Hydrofluoric: Nltrk Pkkllng Solutfon’ ......... Hydrofluoric: Phosphork: Chromic’ ........... Hydrolluork: Phosphork: Chromic’ ........... Hydrofluork Acid: Stannous Fluorfde .......... Hydrofluosillcic Acid’ ....................... Hydrofluosilicic Acid] ... ................... Hydrogen ..... ........................... Hydrogen Bromide, Dry ..................... Hydrogen Bromide, Wet ..................... Hydrogen Chloride ......................... Hydrogen Chlorfdr, Absorber ................ Hydrogen Chlorfdo, Anhydrous ............... Hydrogen Chloride and Benzene Vapors ....... Hydrogen Chlorldo: Chlorfne Saturated with Trtrachlorocyclopentano, Ccl., Trace .................. Hexachlorocyclopentane Hydrogen Chloride, Cl,, CO,, CO, H,, N,, 0, .................................. Hydrogen Chloride Fumos @ 350°F ........... Hydrogen Chlorfde Gas: Chlorine @ 392-F ..... Hydrogen Chloride Gas, Dry ................. Hydrogen Chlorlda Gas, Wet ................. Hydrogen Chloride. Steam’ .................. Hydrogen Fluorfde, Cl .. Nltrk Oxide Fumes’ .... Hydrogen Fluoride, Vapor’ ................... Hydrogen Fluoride, Wet’ .................... Hydrogen Fluoride. Wet’ .................... Hydrogen Iodide: Iodine Vapor ............... Hydrogen Iodide: Sulfuric ................... ......................... Hydrogen: Ozone ....... Hydrogen Peroxide ...........

uomt
7240’7430 SERIES

HETRON 7001700c

15355
302010 28 14:7:51

-

_ NR

-

-

1W

Unknown

37 @ 194’F 32

80 NR 170

170

15 36 32 2s-30 37:1W NFLNW-

120 240/240/SO LSJLSINR 140 130 80 LYNR NR -

1201NFU-

120 Sat’d 5M @ BP BM @ BP 10 15 20 22 40 15 Unknown. 3-6:2 1:2:5 @ IlO’F 1:X8 @ 1W’F NPJNRI2w NFUNW100

lWNR NR 1OCh’NR wNR NR NR NR 200 NR NR 1w 93 100 LYNR NR --ILS NR lM/NR NR 153 1w loo LYNR SAT

2W NR NR AMB 90 SATlSATlNR SATlSATlNR AMB --I-/LS 80 NR NR loo

loo NR

Hot

SAT

13.77:10

120 515 2.57.5 23:20 24:12 Q BO’F 4.15 @ 190-F 5:50 @ 120-F Unknown 3.520 24017 11%.59.3 X1:50 @ 220-F 10 35 1W 100 100 Cont. @ 210212’F 36 100 23yz?Y250 250 85 NR loo NR 250 90 180 1M) 250 loo/NR AMB AMB NR NR AMB NR 15o/lW AMB 150 100 180 l&I NFUNRI165 165 135 NR NR HOI 105 loo 1w NR NR NR NR NR lOYNR NR lOY-

65.35 Unknown Ul-lknOWn 100 100 Unknown Uh-lOW~ 35 12 100 66 BP1 25 gPl 5 120 -

125 AMB SATlSATlNR SATISATINR lx) 120 2u)/24w95 90 90 150/not 95 l&3 150 158 loo 210

120 120 AMB 18OiNR

-

-

IBOIAMB NR 95 AMB

21w2u 21w22u 18012w AMB 150

fSee1st01 trademarks

and product names

(continued)

798

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook
j-ASHLAND
HETROII' 92199P

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND

VII

L ESTER

RESI

(continued)
FOR RESINTYPES "ETRON 7001700c HETRON 920 SERIES'980 1x LS:6of210 2 101220 104 AMBlNR AhlB/NR AMB AMB 1M 120 AMB loo AMB HETRON 72/197:19lA AROPOL 724017430 SERIES

SERVICETEMPERATURE.'F

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Hydrogen Peroxide ........... ....... Hydrogen Peroxide .................... Hydrogen Peroxide ..................... Hydrogen Peroxide: Sulfuric: ZnSO,:NA,S:O, ............. ........ Hydrogen Peroxlde, Vapor 6 Condensete ...... Hydnqen Peroxide Vapon ................. Hydrogen Sulfide ......................... Hydroxyrcetic Acid ....................... Hydroxyecetlc Acid ....................... Hydroxyrcetlc: Phosphoric: Sullurlc Acids’ .... Hydroxylrmlne Acid Sulfate (Hydroxyl. ammonium Acid Sulfate) ................ Hydroxylrmine Acid Sulfate: Sulfurtc ......... Hydroxylrmmonlum Acid Sullate (Hydroxylamlne Acid Sultrto) .............. Hydroxylrmmonium ACM Sulfato: Proplonic Acid: Weter ..................... Hydroxylrmmonlum Actd Sulfate: Sulhrrk ...... Hydroxylrmmonlum Acid Sullrte: Sulturic Watep .......................... Hydroxylrmmonium Acid Sulfete: Sulfuric Watep .......................... Hypochlorour Acid ......................... Hypochlorous Acid ......................... Hypochlorour ACM ......................... Hypophoephortc Acid ....................... Hypophorphorour Acid ..................... l9eprlCO-B39t .......................... Ilmenite On: Sulfurlh SteernAb Agitation Q 220°F ....................... Iminoethyl Alcohol ......................... Incinerator, Chemical ...................... Incmerrtor,Gerbege. Fumes ................. Incinerator Water Scrubber .................. lodlne: Hydrogen lodlde Vapor ............... IodlneKeroeoneBrtne ...................... lodlne Vapor .............................. lqjarol DAt ............................... Iron Porchlortdo ........................... Iron Perchloride ........................... Iron PlotIn Solution 45% FOCI,; 15% C&I,; 29% FeSO.; 11%; (NH.),SO. ............... Iron and Steel CleanIn Bath, 9% Hydrochloric; 23% Sulluric ............... lrobutyl Alcohol ........................... lrocunt 399 .............................. lsocuret 399 .............................. Irocuret 999 .............................. Ieocyanrte, Polymethykne Potyphoqt ........ IsoDecrnol ............................... Isoprep 33t .............................. Isoprep Ut ............................... Isopropyl Alcohol ....................... ._ Isopropyl Alcohol .......................... Isopropyl Alcohol: Sodium Xyhne Sultrte: OPhonytphmol: Potrulum Rlclnoteata Inertr .................................. lropropyl Amine ........................... Isopropyl PaImItate ........................ ltrconic Acid .............................. Itaconic Acid .............................. Jet Fuel A ................................ Jet Fuel (JP.4) ............................ Jet Fuel PFB .............................. JM.23E.t Adhe8lvo .......................... JM.27lt Adhoslvo .......................... JP.9 Fuel ................................. JP.10 Fuel ................................ Kaolin Slurry .............................. Kerosene ................................. Kerosene, 70%, 10% Irodecanol. 29% organicr: 39% Phosphoric ................. Kerosene: Vapor & Condenrate ............... Kerosene: Xylene: 85% Phosphoric ........... Knofler Fumes ..........................
Kymenet,Resin tSee Solution .................. names 1151 Irademarks of and oroducl

CONCEN. TRATION % 30 35 50
2.15.Trac.a 5 50 All 35 70 29:51:20 go S&d:70 go 6%1:10 Bwao:10 11:75:14 x):60:20 10 20 Gmc. 50 50 100 3&401(>20 100 Flue ge.s

105/120 loO'/1051105iNR loo':lm/12W-

Nfi 140 -

AMB NR 140 -

100
250 140 -

120 140 253 140 100 24Y24y212 125

-

212 175 160

-

100 100
104 AMB AMB 115 105

104 AM0 AMB -

NR"/110 300X0160 160 150 150 120 175 AMB

-

-

-

AMB’ AMBI-

100

100 20

1751180 -I140 14CV-

160 160 AMB' AMB AMB 120 160/1651150 NR 601NR 13ol60

-

2001-

All

AMB' AMB AMB 150 -i¶a 15&156llW156lAMB’ AMB AMB NR 165 160 AMB AMB

100/120
AMBIAM&AM&150160 165116016OiloO 80:100

100 im 100 100
All 50z@l lOoz/gal

100
10

lR10&6%7

100
AMB -/lBO 95 16O/AMBI22ol125 125 AMB -

imi100/120 2101220 1201210 1201210 120 -

im im
25 10

100
160/150 AM&-

100 17Y120

100 100 im 100
33:33:35 3&w

100 100 80
175 150

100

100 80 eel00
16Oll50

im 100 -

loo/imi-

150 -

150 -

120

120 103 160 90

-

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers -ASHLAND
HETRON' 92/99P 200 _ -

199

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VIN

L ESTER RESIP
CONCENTRATION %
All Sat'd lOO@ 140-F 100 1 to 10 Dllutlon All 62 All All Sat'd 100 100 100 100 10 All Sat'd Sat'd 25:25:16:10:6:3 Sat'd 100 100 100 w:10:29:1 --@ 212-F -

(continued)
HETRON 72l1971197A 200 160 NR 60 120 100 AROPOL 724017430 SERlES 1601130 160/130 160/130 120/160/160/AMW120' 120' _ HETRON 7001700c 2201200 NR 60 _ 100 22Ol200 120 120 160 220/2cil 22OuOo 200 160 103 100 2101220 120/1201_ _ _ 2101220 210/220 21w220 16O/210/220 NWNR NWHETRON 920 SERIES/980 2101220 NPJ601100 100

SERVICE TEMPERATURE, OF FOR RESIN TYPES CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Lactic Acid .............................. Lactic: Citric Acids ......................... Lasso ECT ............................... Lasso ECT ................................ Lassot Herbicide’ ........................ Latex, Acrylic ............................. Latex Dispersion in Water ................... Latex, Rubber ............................. Latex,Vlnyl ............................... Laurie Acid ............................... LauriclMyristic Monoethanolamide: Sodium Xylene Sulfonato Solution ..........

160 -

120' 120 212 212 120 155 160 -

LaurylAlcohol ............................. Lauryl Chloride ............................ Lauryl Chloride, Crude, Acidic ................ Lauryl Mercaptan .......................... Lauryl Pyrldinium Chloride ...................

Lead Acetate .............................. Lead Chloride ............................. Lead Nitrate .............................. Lead Plating, Acid: Fluobortc, Boric Acids* ..... Lead Plating, Alkaline, Pb (C&&O),, NaOH* ..... Lead: S: CuO: FeO: &SO,: Bi,(SO,), Dust ....... Lead Smelter Fumes, Duct ................... Leather Dyeing & Finishing .................. Leather Tanning, Drums ..................... Levullnic Acid ............................. Light Gas Cycle Storage ..................... Light Water, FC195T ........................ Light Water, FC203T ........................ Light Water, FCZOgAT ....................... Lignin: Crude Tall Oil: Spent Acid: Sulfuric, pH3 ............................ Lignosullonate, pH 1.5-2 .................... Ligno-Sulfonic Acid ........................ Lime Kiln Stack Gases ...................... Lime Neutralization Effluent; Chlorinated Fluortnated Organica. Chlorlder, Fluortdee, HCI, HF, H,O’ ........................... Lime Slurry ............................... Lime, Thiosorbic ........................... Limestone Injectlon, SO, Removal, Fossil Fuel, Mist After Scrubber, pH 2.12 ............... Linear Alkylate Sufonates ................... Linoleic Acid .............................. Linseed Oil ............................... Linseed 011, Chlorfnated ..................... Liquid Chlorine’ ........................... Lithium Bromide ........................... Lithium Carbonate3 ......................... Lithium Chloride .......................... Lithium Chloride ........................... Lithium Chloride ........................... Lithium Chloride ........................... Lithium Chloride: Methyl Alcohol ............. Llthium Hydroxld3 ......................... Lithium Sulfate ............................ Llvestock Spray Base (Shell’s)z cobalt di(2-ethyl hexyl) phosphate: tr-mbutyl phosphate .............................. Lix54Nt .................................. LPC ..................................... Machine Oil & Sulphur Fumes ................ Magnesite Mill Spent Liquor ................. Magnesite Recovery Boiler Blow-Down; Acetic: Sulfuric: Sulfurous: Formic Acids; Acetone .......................... Magnestum Bicarbonate .................... Magnesium Blsulfite ....................... Magnesium Btsulflte Acid Liquor, 5% SO,, Chlorides, pH 4.55” ................... Magnesium: CakYurn: Sodium Chloride Solution ........................ Magnesium Carbonate ...................... Magnesium Chloride ....................... Magnesium Chloride, Hexahydrate; Filter Aid; Activated Carbon ........................
+See lislollrademarks and Droduct names

NWSATI-

200 NR 200 SAT SAT SAT 160 120 120 200 AM6 300

120 120 2cxl NR -

160/NRINR -

105 Sat'd Sat'd 160 160 150 140 100 203 90 LS55 180 250/250/265l265i140 160 170 NR 170160 160/1601130 NR 140/160/2001150 -55 160 160 160'

170 _ 2101220 .55/2101220 150 2101220 2101220 2101220 2101220 150 210/220

COW. 108 100 100 All Sat'd 045 2840 4555 Sat'd 25175 Sat'd All 150/NWZMI140/160 NW-

65:5:30 100 10 -

-

176 115 155 HOT 150

-

-

_ _ -

Sat'd All 2:10:12 Sat'd Sat'd 66

--/150

212 180 150 160 220 31013101-

NR 160/130

212/200 180 150 2201200 -

160 160 _ _ 160 2101220 -

160 220 _

160/150 160/15a -

(continued)

200

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND Vlh

_ ESTER RESII
CONCENTRATION % Cont. Q 275°F lo 500°F at limes
2:12:10 Sat’d Sat’d S&d

-ASHLAND
SERVICE HETRON’ 92199P

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, “F FOR RESIN TYPES HETRON 920 SERIES.1980 HETRON 721197/197A AROPOL 724017430 SERIES HETRON 7001700c

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Magnesium Chloride, Occasional HCI Vapors ........................... Magnesium Chloride: Sodium Chloride: Calcium Chloride ........................ Magnesium Hydroxide’ .................... Magnesium Nitrate ......................... Magnesium Oxide .......................... Magnesium Oxide Acid Condensate ........... Magnesium Oxide - Fluoride Mist and Fumes’ ............................. Magnesium Sulfate ........................ Magnifloc 509.Ct .......................... Magnifloc 573Xt .......................... Magnifloc E343t ........................... Maleic Acid .............................. Maleic Acid ............................... Maleic Acid, Trace Phthalic, Fumaric, Benzoic, Quinone ................ Maleic Anhydride .......................... Malelc Residue ............................ Maleic Residue, > 0.5% Phenol ............... Malic Acid ................................ Manganese: Ammonium Sulfates, pH5 ......... Manganese: Ammonium Sulfates: Sulfuric pH5 Manganese Sulfate ........................ Manganese Sulfate: Sulfuric ................. Manganese Sulfate: Sulfuric Acid ............. Marine Fouling ............................ Marine Gasoline ........................... Matart, Germicidal Detergent ................ MEK: DMP: MEK Peroxide ................... MEK, 100%: Sulfuric Acid, 50% ............... MEK: Toluene: Steam: Maleic Acid; Chlorides present ........................ Melamine Resin .......................... Mercaptan, Aromatic ....................... Mercaptan, Organic, H,S, H,O, Butanol ........ Mercapto-Ethanol .......................... Mercapto-Ethanol Tall Oil ................... MercapkkEthanol Tallate .................... Mercaptopropionic Acid ..................... Mercaptopropionic, Crude Acid ............... Mercuric Chloride .......................... Mercurous Chloride ........................ Mercury .................................. Metal Phosphate Salts ...................... Metal Phosphates, Trace HF. Hydrofluosilicic’ ......................... Metal SulfatsSalts: Sulfuric Acid ............. Methacrylic Acid ........................... Methacrylic Acid ........................... Methacrylic, Glacial ........................ Methallyl Chloride Q 165OF .................. Methanamide @ lOOoF ..................... Methanol 60%, H,O Trace, HCI, ZnCI,, Organic& Heptane, Dissolved Heavy Organlcs, Traces H,O, HCI, ZnCI,, 2 Phases ........... Methanol/Nitrogen Oxide Fumes, @ 220°F ..... Methyl Acrylamlde ......................... Methyl Alcohol ............................ Methyl Alcohol: Lithium Chloride Methyl Alcohol: Methyl Chloride: Hydrochloric ............................ Methyl Alcohol: Turpentine .................. Methyl Alcohol: Water: Hydrochloric @ 150°F .................... Methyl Bromide: Ethylene Dlbromide .......... Methyl Chloride ......... .................. Methyl Chloroform ......................... Methyl Ethyl Ketone ........................ Methyl Ethyl Ketone Q 120°F ................ Methyl Ethyl Ketone: Dimethyl Phthalate: MEK Peroxide ........................... Methyl Ethyl Ketone, Vapor & Condensate ...... Methyl lsobutyl Ketone ..................... Methyl lsobutyl Ketone; 200 gpl Fluorides; 500 gpl Sulfuric Acid& 3 .................... f See

-I160 lW/-

150 _ 150 160 200 2W 1x)/120/165 NR 95 125 125 loo 203 1w 60 loo -/LS-BYNR 60. 80 60 65.60 65.60 65-W NR NR 212 212 250 60 80

_
-/NR 1601130 1601150 90 %I 90 16o/lW 154u120

NR _ 200 200 200 NR _ 60 _ NR NR 220/2w 22012w 22012w

2101220 _ 2101220 160 150 _ _ 2101220 _ 80’1_ NWNRI2 101220 2101220 -

Sat’d

200 -

5 Sat’d 16 100 @ 165’F 10 13:156 gpl 13:135:40 Sat’d 9ozlO 50~~6 (gp0 100 Ccnc. 63:36:1 1o:w

2iwNFU125’/125’/lW/60112YNRJNRI212 212 250 -

125’ 125’ 60 60’/NR NR NR 1601150 1601130 16O/-

gpl

100 100 100 100 100 100 Sat’d Sat’d 100 Sat’d 30 24:10 100 @ 145-F 10 100 IW 1W

NRI-

135 NR loo 90 --ILS/NR SAT’

NR NR SATiLS

_ _ SATiLS LS

Unknown 48 100 75:25 94:0.4:0.2 o 65: lo 46 @ 150°F 93:5:2 Vapor 3070 @ 75-F 100 100 100 IW 63:36:1 100 Q 120-F loo

AMB -

140 90 125 170 135 -/LS/NR NR 40 60 NR NR --/LS-65/NR 50 60

901NR -

NR 1501NR --INR --/NR NR NR -/NR NR -

NW120 -

NFVNR NR NR NR _

NRI40/NRINR NR/-

NR NR _ NR _

llsl 01 trademarks

and pmduct names

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

201

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VI

‘L ESTER RESI
CONCEN. TRATION %

;-ASHLAND
SERVICE HETRON’ 92199P

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, *F FOR RESIN TYPES HETROH 920 SERBS’990 HETRON 72.1971197A AROPOL 7240 7430 SERIES HETRON 700,700c

Methyl Isobutyl Ketone; 300 gpl Fluorides; 40 gpl Hydrofluoric Acida ............ Methyl lsobutyl Ketone: Hydrochloric Acid Methyl Methrcrylrte ....... ........ ...... Methyl Parathion Methyl Phenol Fume;. : : 1.......... : : 11: : : Methyl Styrene .......................... Msthylene Blsthiocyanrtr, Polychlorophenol Blend @ 125-F.. ...................... Methylene Chloride ....................... Methylene Chloride: Chlororcetic Acid ....... Methylone Chloride: Chlorotorm: Carbon Tetrachlorlde, Small Amount Methyl Chloride, H,O, HCI ..................... Methylene Chloride Distillate Bottoms; High Caustic, Water, to 212-F ............ Methylene Chiortde: Ethyl Acetate: Caustic, 50% .......................... Methylene Chloride: Toluene ............... Methylene Chloride: Toluene: Xylene: MEK 6 MIBK: Benrenes: TCE: Ccl, ........ Methylene Succinlc Acid .................. Methylimino Ether Methanol: Isobutyronitrile: HCI: Imputities .......... Methylisobutyl Ketone: Cyanc+acetic; 0.8 Sulfuric in Saturated Sodium Chlortde @ lOOoF ............................. Methylol Acrylamlde ...................... Milk & Milk Products ...................... Milk Wsgon Cleaner ...................... Milk Waste ............................. Mineral Oils .......................... Mineral Wool Slurry ...................... Moisture ............................... Molten Salt ............................. Mortal 6 Nickel Cleaning Baths; HCI, CuC4 ... Monel 6 Nkkel Cleaning Bathr; HCI, Fh(SOJ, .......................... Monochloroacetic Add ................... Monochloroaoetk ACM .................... Monochlororcetic Acid .................... Monochlorobenzeno ....................... Monoethrnolamine ....................... Monoethenolamine: Butyl Cellosolve Film Stripper @ 138OF ................... Monc+thrnolrmlne Dosulturtzlng SO .. H.S .... Monohydroxysuccinic Acid ................. Monosodlum Phosphate, pH l-3 ............. Morphollnr .............................. Morphollne @ 1zO’F ...................... Motor Oil ............................ MS.08 Gasoline .......................... Mulsollnr 6WOt .......................... Murirtic Acid ............................. Mustsrd (3% Sodium Chloride, 5% Acetic Add) ............................ Myrlstic Acid ............................ MyristlclLaurk Moncethrnolrmidez Sodium Xylene Sullonate Sotution ................ Naphtha ................................. Naphthrlene ............................. Naphthenic Acid .......................... Naphthoquinone. 1,4 ...................... Naphthoquinone (scrubbing with water) ....... Naphthylamine Sullonic Acid ............... Neodol253St ............................ Neopentyl Glycol ......................... Nickel Anolyte Llquor (Into Metsls) ........... Nickel, Bright . . . . . .. Nickel Chlortde: Nickel Sulfate: Boric Acid . . Nickel Chloride NickeCCobalt + Solvent Extraction Circuit; pti 1.8~4.5.0.31.5gpl fluorides Nickel Electrolyte. Purified (Into Metals) Nickel 6 Monel Cleaning Bath; HCI, CuCI, Nickel & Monel Cleaning Bath; HCI, Fe,(SO.), tSee 161of trademarks and voduct
names

10015 1W @Zt75’F

158203/-

60 --115&203/NR 80 NR --ILSINR NR -

NR NR SATINR NR

NR NR SAT NR -

_ NR NR NRNR NR NR-

100 100 100 100 NR NR NRI-

9x5

65.39:s

NR NR NR

NR NR NR

NR NR NR -

NR NR NR

NWNFUNR-

83:16:1 WM 33:39:9:2:36:, 25 74:2:0.3:23:1

-

rw

-

-

-

-l771-

-

-

-

603 46 -

LSSAT -Mi¶o -

AMB’ ltW150

90 AM0 80 _ 220iAMB for a@tated tank
Amblenl

AM% ao/1801200:2 10

Acid 100
Unknown loo RH Splash h Spills

AMBll&l AMB Hetron@ 197.3 wth
120

120 750

lt3oll5c filler satisfactory -

-

7w-

180 l&l AMB NR
NR NR AM8 NR NR NR NR 95 203 100 NR NR AM&-I150

-

NRINPJ-

50 80 @ 1W’F 100 0 145-F 100 loo 30:57 loo 10 510 10 1w loo

NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR AM0 NR NR

NWNWNR

NR75 NPJAMB NWNFU-

-

-

NR See Hydrochloric lWAcid

NR _ -

NRI2101220 -

21 o/220 120 1% 180 120/18012w 1BOiZW -

All

200 4MB1130 120’ 200 AMB 150 150 loBi-

1W
100 Sat’d Sat’d Unknown Sat’d 1w w 81 Nl etc. 12:53% ozlgal Sat’d

180/150 1501120 1801-

120
lW/-

;ia*
150 180 180 220 185 180

1801150 -

22012w 140/-

2101220

220

(continued)

-

-

180

202

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VIF

L ESTER RESI
CONCEN. TRATION % sa: M-3 5 5 07.&a

;-ASHLAND
SERVICE HETRON’ 92199P 220 -

(continued)
TEMPERATURE. ‘F FOR RESIN rYPES HETRON 7ooi7ooc 220 200 1451200 2w 16celo 22G200 NR NR NR 160 150 AM0 NR NR NR 6595 lBO/l&J/210/220 “ETRON 920 SERIES980 210,2X _ AROPOL 724017430 SERIES 100 150 -

HETRON 7U1971197A 220 150 150 200 -

Nickel Nitrate :: Nickal Plating; Electrorafining pH 1.5 Nickel Plating (Nickel Sulfamate: Magnesium Chloride: Boric Acid) pH 3.7 Nickel Plating Solution (11% Nickel Sulfate: 2% Nickel Chloride: 1% Eorlc Acid) ....... Nickel Plating Solution (44% Nickel Sulfate, 4% Ammonium Chloride: 4% Bortc Acid) Nickel Soap Catalyrt ....................... Nickel Sulfate ............................. Nickel Sullate: Nickel Chloride: Boric Acid ..... Nickel Sulfate: Nickel Chloride: Boric Acid: Brightener (Nickel Plating) ........... Nitrating Acid Spent ................... Nitrating Acid, Strong .................... Nitration, Spent Acid ....................... Nitric Acid ................................ NitricAcid ................................ Nitric Acid ................................ Nitric Acid ................................ Nitric Acid ....................... Nitric Acid ............................... Nitric Acid .............................. Nitric Acid ............................. Nitric: Amchem 616f ...................... Nltrlc Acid: Copper Salts .................... Nltrlc: Copper Salta ........................ Nitric, 70%: Glacial Acetic: 49% Hydrolluodc’ . Nitric. 70%: Glacial Acotlc: Is% Hydrofluoric’ Nitric: Hydrochlork ........................ Nitric: Hydrochloric Acids’ ................. Nitric: Hydrochloric: Hydrofiuorlc’ .......... Nitric: Hydrofluoric’ ........................ Nitric: Hydrofluorlc’ ........................ Nitric: Hydrofluorlc Acids’ ................... Nit&: Hydrofluorfc AcIda’ ................... Nltrfc: Hydrofluortc Acldr’ ................... Nltrlc: Hydrofluorlc Acids’ ................... Nitric: Hydrofluorlc: Chromic Aclds’ ........... Nltrfc: fiydrofluorlc Pickllng sdutton’ ......... Nitric: Hydrofluorlc Vapors’ .................. Nitrfc Acid: Phosphoric ..................... Nitric (34%): Phosphoric (65%) ............... Nitrtc: Phorphortc: Sulfuric: Nonionic Surfactant ..................... Nitric: Sodium Dlchromato ................... Nitric: Sodlum Dlchromate: Mqfybdlc Acid: ....................... Water @ 13DlW°F Nltrlc: Sulfuric @ 210°F ..................... Nitric: Sulfuric: Cbpfmr Saltr ................. Nitric: SulfurlcDlnitro-Toluene Fumes ......... Nitric: Sulfuric: HCI @ up to 226OF ............ _. Nitric: Sulfuric: Hydrochloric: Water ........ Nitric: Sulfuric: Hydrochloric ................. Nitric: Sulfuric: Na dichromate: Cr,(SOJ, ....... Nitric: Sulfuric 6&50 ........................ Nitric: Sulfuric: Water ....................... Nltrlc Acid Vapor ........................... Nitric Acid Vapor ........................... Nltrfc Acid Vapor ........................... Nitric Acid Vapor ........................... Nitric Acid Vapor ........................... Nitric Acid. Vapor 6 Condonsato .............. Nitric Acid: Wettlng Agent ................... NitricAmmonia Fumra ..................... Nltrtc, Gone.; Sulfurfc. Cont. ................. Nltrfc Oxldo, Cl,, HF Furnor’ ................. Nitric Oxldr. Chlortnr. Hydrofluorlc Fumes’ ..... Nltrfc, Rod Fuming ......................... Nltrlc. 70%: Sulfurk. 70% Pickling Acid ........ Nltrobenzene .............................. Nitrogen .................................. Nitrogen Fertilizer Solution ................. Nitrogen, Liquid .......................... Nitrogen OxideMethanol Fumes, @ 22O’F .... Nitrogen: Oxygen ........................ N,: CO,: SO,: 0,: H,O Vapors ..............
“AROPOL 7343 samlacmly

Sat’d 53126 orlgat 220 -

AMB 220 160 150 60/6O/NA 60160/NR -

40.6:6: Trace oz/gai @ 160-F 2 5 10 20 J5 a 50 52 4 166 15:lal gpl 2crlW gpl 521 Qp 110-F 6:3:1 0 1W’F lo.10 5:x) 10.77 13 7.5.2.5 15:5 12:24 @ 60-F 154 @ 1Bo.F 2013 505 0 12Q’F 2z3.8 20x5 35:5 3:60 4:7 by vol. x):11:59.1 ?0?8oz/gal@80 2So.w:<o.1:75 %m 9.5:17:112 gpl 1020:10z6 molar 10:20:30.40 12:x):30 3.0:7.0:25 gpl 30 !m39 36% 10% 60% 24 @ 183-F 46 @ 1W’F 5 2% ougal ‘:S3 ty vol. @ 1OO.F UIllUlOW unknom not 100 0 75-F 1o.S:51 100 100 26 100 Unknown W5C 0.12 0.1:5 14 by VOI

NR NR

_
NRINR,210,220 160 1201140 1001150 NR NR -

NWNRI21w2@l 1401175

210 m 140 140 140 140 110 65.95 150 10160 NR NR 200’ 21w2101loo 165 165 NR 135 NR .Yl 105 203 125 120

160/120 AMWNR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR -

NWNWNW15&JNWNW-

zoo/NR

NRI-

NW-

NR

NR NR 105 60 NR

-

-

001NRI-

-

NW-

SAT/SAT/NR IO160 al 90 40180 180 WNRJNR 2cm 175 160 60 120

NR NR NR -

-

NRI-

NR/17Y95 -

NRIlM)il&l 1601180

NR

NR

NR NR NR

160/160 -

mlNR -

NR Hot

NR NR 60’ NR 160/60” NR NR 60 NR NR &l/NR -

Go/t! jee 65 120 lisl of trademarks

Hetron 31 SAT also, no veil NR and product names

_
(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

203

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VII

L ESTER FiESl
CONCEN. TRATION % 79 157 100
51 0649 1W

i-ASHLAND
SERVICE HETROn’ 92!99P

(continued)
TEMPERATURE. ‘F FOR RESIN TYPES HETAOH 920 SERIES980 HETRON 72ll971197A 175 AM0 120’ 200 lx)/AM0 AM0 165 SAT 1M 120 110’ loo lzolLSNR 12O llr!’ 110 loo AM0 NR 16Oirw NR AM0 lx, loo AMB/AM&AM&12aAM&AM&-AMBIliM~15O ZICUIM 16@15O AM0 AMBIAM&160 NR _ 200 2101150 200 AM0 120 xx) NR 130 122 14O AM0 180 180 leeJ130 NR lx)’ 1801130 200 NR 130 AM0 LSISAT 120 120 110 120.1 IO,100 1601200 NR’lW 2001210 160.220/_ 210 210 210 NR200 200 200 200!210 NR 130’.2wi210 _ AROPOL 7240:7430 SERIES HETRON 700~700c

Nitrogen: Oxygen: SO,, droplets 60% Sulfuric Nitromethane’ Nitromethane(tris, hydioxymethyl): Formaldehyde: Water, pH3 ........ Nitrophenol ..... : : : : .. pNitrololuene !&Ironic Acid .............. Nitrous Acid .......... : : .............. Nitrous Acid ............. Nonandioic Acid .......................... Non-Condenrrble P&P Mill GJe ............. Nonionic DispersJnt, Blend a 12SDF ......... Nonionic SurfJctrnt, Afkanolrmide ......... Nonionic SurfJctJnt, Alkyl Ether Amine ............ Oxide ............ NonylPhenol:::::::::::::::: .................. Nonyl Phenol, Ethoxylrted NonylphenoxytrfethoxyethJnol SulfJte, SodiumSJlt ............................ Nuclorr, RJd WJste ....................... NucloJr Swimming Pool ReJctor Liner ........ Nuclear Waste Ammonium Nitrate ..................... Fluoride Solution’ Nuclear Waste, Water, Low Level ........................ ionexchange.. ......................... NutOif,Ground Oakitet Cleaner, pH 11.12 @ 185’F .......... Oakitet Strfpper SAt ...................... Octanoic Acid ............................ ........................ Odichlorobenzene Oil. Crude, B ............................. Oil, Crude Storrge Tank Bottoms ............ Off,Fumace. ............................ Oil. Gas, Dirty, Relinery .................... Oil, Heating .............................. Oil, Low Sullur Crude ...................... 011, Medium Sulfur Crude ................... Oil, Mid-Continent Sweet ................... Oil, Oxidized Petroleum Heavy Bottoms, 7.6 fbr/gJf with JbOUt 10% Acetic Acid ...... 011. Refinery WJste Eflluent ................. Oil. Slop, Refinery ......................... Oil, Sour Crude .......................... Oil, Sour Crude, Wyoming .................. Oil, Waste, Various Ketones, ArOmJtiCS ....... Oil, Water SepJration ...................... Oil, West Texas Sour ...................... Oil, West Texas Sweet ..................... Oilr:AnimJl.............................. MinerJl................................ Vegetable ............................. Olefin (JiphJ) Sulfonate .................... Oleic Acid ............................... OfeoparJthion ............................ Oleum (fuming sulfuric) .................... Oligomertc Dlspenunt ...................... Olint 58981 ............................... OliveOil.. ................................ 1gODt: VlnylidJne Chlorlde .................. OPM.lf .................................. opht.2t .................................. Ore Smelting Furnace Gas, Wet, with dust: 4O%NJ. 23% Cd, 6% Pb, 21%B, 6%Zn Jnd other Oxides to 400°F .............. ..................... Orgrnic DJlJgJntJ Organic Solvents + Aqueous HCI ......... OrgJnotin, Quetemary Ammonium S~ltr, Amlne Selts Blended ............. Retardant Liquid Formulationr .......... Oxalic Acid ....................... ... .... Oxidizing Gases Oxygen: CO,: SO,: SO,: H,O, Trace; cl;.‘N, : : Oxygen: Nitrogen ................... Oxygen: Nitrogen: SO,; Droplets 8!% Sulfuric 0,: N,: CO,: SO,: H,O Vapors ........... ................ Ozone ....
tSee hsl 01 lrademarks and product ndnws OStnOSJ COmpJny PrJmix; Jnd Fir0 oil. SWJJt CNdJ .........................

_ NWAM0

NR

-

_ 120’-

24
100 10 Sat’d 100 55 aInN% 100 100 26

-

-

100 loo SAT loo’

loo -

100 Cone. 0 la, 12O’F

14O/NFUNR/-

AM0

Sat’d

140 -/LS12Q’NR -

-

-

Unknown Unknown AMBI1W 100 100 1W 100 3 100 loo s&2 2w 140/NR 13W14tN-

AM0 210 210 AM0

SATISATINR pHl2 @ 75’F Unknown @ 194-F 100 100; 5O L 16 All loo 21.1.5:o 9.0.2.5 5050 15 79:7 5.70:12:0 1.14 by vol 3 NR 125

NR NR

-

NR_ -

LSl2YNR 02-

125

216 220 _ _

220 AM0 -

220 AM0 200 65 175 120 100

180 140 -

2201200 AM0 -

_ _
(continued)

204 TABLE

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook 1.54: POLYESTER AND VINYL ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
SERVICE

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, “F FOR RESIN TYPES HETAON 920 SERIESi HETRON 7211971197A AMB ‘1cO1100/140 100 AMB 76-120 110 140 AMB’ AMB 65165/B516Y65/6=5/65’1851100 120 140 125 125 125 160 AROPOL 7240/7430 SERIES HETRON 7001700c

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

CONCEN. TRATION % Fumes

HETRON’ 92199P 0,

Ozone:Hydrogen
Ozone: Ozone Oxygen,

Ozone/Cyanide

..............

........................ Wet .................

20 Ibs/day 8 1% Unknown 1.5-2.5.0,

Sewage Treatment ..... 3 :. : ......... Ozone Treatment Condominium Waste ....... 4 lbslday @ 2% 0, Palmitic Acid ............................. Sat’d Paper Machine ........................... Fumes Paper Mill Liquor .......................... Unknown Parathion, Wet ........................... Parco 450/45t, pH 1, HF presenta ............. Parco Cleanert 556R ...................... 100 Pax Hyspeedt, Detergent ................... Sat’d Peanut Oil .............................. 100 Peel Oil .............................. 100 PepSet1505t.. .......................... 100 Pep Set2596 ............................. 1W Perchlorlc Acid ........................... 5 Perchloric Acid ........................... 10 Perchlortc Acid ........................... 30 Perchloric Acid ........................... to 70 Perchloroethylene ....................... 100 Perchloroethylene, Vapor & Condensate ...... 100 Petroleum Ether .......................... 100 Petroleum Oil 61Waxes, Water Emulsion ..... Phenate Based Algaeclde .................. 1M) Phenate Based Bactericide ................. 100 Phenate Based Fungicide .................. 100 Phenol .................................. 2 Phenol .................................. 5 Phenol .................................. 10 Phenol .................................. 65 Phenol .................................. 100 Phenol, Formalin, Sulfuric Fumes ............ Unknown Q 2Cil’F Phenol, Fumes ........................... Phenol: HCI : Water ....................... 20:10:70 Phenol Sulfonic Acid ...................... Sat’d Phenolic Resin. Urea Modllied (Durezt 24942) .......................... PH 78 Phenolic Spent Caustic, Refinery ............ Phenollc Spent Caustic, Refinery, Neutralized to pH 5-6 .................... Phenols, Some: Sulletes, H,S, Water, Waste Liquor, pH 5-6 .......................... 0.Phenylphenol: Sodium Xylene Sulfate: Isopropyl Alcohol: Potassium Rlcinoleate: 6:10:10:6:67 lnerts ................................. Phosphate MIX (NaOH + H,PO,)’ ............ PhosphatelPhosphoric Acid Waste 510 Liquor, pH 1-3 .......................... Phosphate Rock Dust Scrubbing ............. Unknown Phosphate Salts .......................... 25 Phosphonitrilic Chloride, Cl,, HCI, Benzene. H,OVapors .................... Phosphoric Acid .......................... 65 Phosphoric Acid: Calcium Chloride ........... lo:25 Phosphoric Acid, 26%, Some Fluorides, Fumes Ammonla; Reactor’ ...................... 40:7:2 Phosphoric: Chromic: Hydrofluorlc’ .......... Phosphoric: Chromic: Hydrofluorld .......... 8.5:9.3:11 Phosphortc: Fluorine: SIO, .................. 54:1.2:2 65 Phosphoric, Food Grade” .................. 15:9 Phosphoric: HCI, Sat. with Cl, ............... 15:9 Phosphoric: HCI, Sat. with Phosphorous ...... Unknown Phosphoric: Hydrochloric Acids ............. Unknown Phosphoric: Hydrochloric: Butyl Ether ........ Phosphoric: Hydrochloric: HP .............. 65:1:5X ppm 50:2:7 Phosphoric: Hydrofluoric: Cr,O,’ ............. 6:11:9 Phosphoric: Hydrofluorlc: Cr,O,’ ............. Phosphoric: Hydroxyacetlc: Sulfuric Acids’ .... 5129120 Phosphoric, 36%: 70% Kerosene, 10% lsodecanol, 20% Organics ................ 35:33:33 Phosphoric 65%: Kerosene: Xylene .......... Phosphoric Acid: N-Alkyl Dimethyl Benxyl 25:0.1:75 Ammonium Chloride: lnerts ...............
tSee list of Irademarks and product namrs

_ 140/160

_ 160 1801120 175/120 AMB’ AMB NR NR NR NR NR _ 125 125 125 NR NR NR NR _ NR NR 130/130/130/-

_ _
2201200 _ AMB’ AMB NR _ 125 125 125 loOI-lOOINR NR _ _ NR 130 130 130

AMB 140/AMBJ120 120

1601AMBIAMBI1801150/SO/100 _

NRINFUNPJNFUNR/-

_ 8ollW

100 NR NR 80-110 NR AMB 130 130 130

NW30 NR/NR NFVNR

loo/1701-

100 200 SATIAMB 220 _ AMB 120 250/250/200 100 to 250 100 100 175 180 220 220 SAT SAT 230/230/100 100 243/243/150 100 100 100’ _ NR AMB 1801150 -

_ 2201200 NR NR 1OO’INR _ _ _ -

AMB

2101220 _

_ -

_ loo/-

(continued)

206

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VI

L ESTER RESI
CONCEN. TRATION %
25 sac d Sal C Q 265’F All Sat d Sal d

;-ASHLAND
SERVICE HETRON’ 92’99P AMB
NW90 -

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, OF FOR RESlh TYPES HURON 920 SERIES980 180 _ 210,220 HETRON 72i19lf197L 110
110 _

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Potassium Carbonate’ Potassium Carbonate’ ...... Potassium Chlorate ............ ...... Potassium Chloride Potassium Chloride: Cl,, Br, Sat’d;. pH 2.4 Potassium Chloride, Mercury Grade ......... Potassium Chloride: Potassium Hydroxide: Hypochlorite with Treces Chloropicrin @ 194OF ........................... Potassium Chloride, Wet Vaporr ............ Potassium Cyenide’ Potassrum Cyanide: K Hydroxide:’ Copper Cyanide’ ...................... Potassium Dichromate .................. Potassium Ferrlcyenide .................. Potassium Ferrocyanlde .................. Potassium Fluoride2 ...................... Potessium Hydroxide’ .................... Potassium Hydroxide’ .................... Potassium Hydroxide’ .................... Potassium Hydroxide’ ................. Potassium Hydroxide’ ................. : Potassium Hydroxide: Potassium Chloride: Hypochlorite with Traces of Chloropicrin @ 194OF ....... .. .......... Potassium Hydroxtde: Potassium’ Cyanide: Copper Cyanide’ ................ Potassium Nltrate ......................... Potassium Oxalate ........................ Pota*sium Permanganrte .................. Potassium Peroxide ...................... Potassium Persultate ..................... Potassium Pyrophosphate ................. Potassium Ricinoleate: 0-Phenylphenol: Sodium Xylene Sulfate: Isopropylalcohot Inorta .................. Potessium Sulfate ........................ Power Plant Scrubber, Med. Sulfur Coal, pH 1.936 ......................... Power Plant Scrubber, Med. Sulfur Coal, pH 1.936 ......................... Premix Liquid (Osmose Co.) ................. Propenoic Acid See acrylic acid Propionic Acid ............................ Propionic Acid ............................ Proplonic Acid ............................ Propionic Acid @ 12CtvF .................... Propionyl Acid @ i2tJ°F .................... Propionyl Chlortde ........................ Propylene Glycol .......................... Pulp, Bleached ......................... Pulp and Paper Mill Bleach ................. Pulp end Paper Mill Condensable Liquor, pH 9 ....................... Pulp and Paper Mill Digester ................ Pulp and Paper Mill Recovery Boiler .......... P 6 P Mill Waste, Acidic .................... PulpStock.. ............................. Pulp Stock, Chlorinated, pH 4.5 .............. PVC Latex with 35 partr DOP ................ Pyridine ............................. Quaternary Ammonium Compound, In Isopropanol, Cationic .................... Quaternary Ammonium, Dialkyl, Dimethyl Type: Aqueous lropropanol ............... Ouatemary Ammonium Salts, Organotln, Complex Amine Selt Solution Q 125OF ..... Ouatemay, Dlcoco Dimethyl ................ Ourternary, Dimethyl, Dlrtraryl In Isopropenol .......................... Ouatemary, Dimethyl, Dlstearyl in “Neutral” Organic Solvent ................ Quaternary, Hexylene Glycol ................ Quaternary, Methosultate Type ............ Quaternary Softener, Difatty Complex ....... R.2 Solutions .... Rad Waste, Nuclear : : : : : : : : :
tSee 1151 trademarks 01 and product names

AAOPOL 7240 7430 SEPIES
AM6 -

“ETROH 700 7OQC :5G
AM6 _

2w -

250 190 180

:60’150 -

220,206 _ -

15:15:1 Sat’d 3.2 8 origai All Sal’d Sat’d AMBI-

AMB 175 200 200 150 NR 175

NR 1843!180,150 1801150 lM/NR -

200 22O~lt3C 2201180 150 150lAMB 15OIAMB AMB _ 1751-

NRINRJ_ 21ci22c 210’220 210!220 150 150 150 150 150 150

200, -/zoo 200 NFUNFUNFU-

Sot’d
10 25 45 50 2 oz/gat

15.15 1 2:3$

200 150 AMB 175 220 150 AMB loo’

1801150 12YNR AMBI-

22012w 2w115l 200 100

NFL2

arlgal
All

101220
-

Sat’d All Sal’d Q 80-F All 100

2101220 2101220 1001-

6:0.10:10.%7 All Liquor Mist 8 Fumes 100 1 20 100 80 80
100 0

2W -

loo 220 150 150 80

180150 02J80 NR LS’INA 1701150 _ AMB 120 NR 120’1120 120’~120 LS 120’1120 120’1120 190’150 120’ 120 120’ 120 120’ 120 _ _

22012w 80 NR LSNR 2001180 130 AMB NR 120 120 SAT 120 120 1w 120 120 120 -

lW/2101220 80 2008NRINRINPi2101220 _ 130’1AVB NR 12OI1201120/120/1901120 120 120 _ -

806 NRINWNR/lOOU70 AMBIAMBIAMBI-

NR NR NR 184 190 130’ 150 190 110 NR 120’ 120’ SAT 120 120’ 190 120’ 120’ 120. 180 100

1W’F All -

Fumes Fumes Fumes FUMS

100 75.25

NR 120 1201-

75

1X4120/1%X-

Sal’d -

120/12011201-

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

207

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VIP

‘L ESTER RESI
CONCEN. TRATION %

;-ASHLAND
SERVICE
HETRON'

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, ‘F FOR RESIN TYPES
HETRON

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

92199P AMBI1671NRI140011W

HETRON 72’19711971

AROPOL 724017430 SERIES

HETRON 700’700c

920 SERIESI9EO

Radiochemical Hoods, Glove Boxes
Raylenet’

....

: “‘I.’ .... RayonSpinBalh ..... Rayon Spin Bath Evaporator/ Crystalizer to 16O0F Rayon Spin Bath Fumes C 195.2C13bF : ...... Rayon Spinning Fumes ............... Recovery Boiler Biow.Down; Acetic: Sulfuric Sulfurous: Formic Acids: Acetone ............................... Recovery Boiler Flue Gas to 400°F ...... Recovery Boiler (Kraft), no contact rvap.; 59100 ppm SO,, 12.14% CO,, 19% by vol. .......... moisture, 37 lps to 4U0°F Recovery Boiler Stack Gases 6 3&“F ... .... RedLiquor ............................... Reformer Charge ......................... Renderlng Fumes, Ozone, Chlorine ........... Rhodium Plating, phosphate ................ Richamide CDAT .......................... Richonate 165Ot ......................... RJ-Qt Fuel ............................. Rock Wool Slurry ....................... Salicyiic Acid ......................... .I: Salt, Molten ........................ Sand, Dry, 60-70 Mesh, 350 cfm ...............
send, Slurry

50 -

150 180

-

1401-

--,LSSI140

-

-

NW-

212 SAT!SAT/NR

NR NR

21212W

NPJNR’-

Fumes -

-

SAT/SAT/N,? SAT!SATINR -/MO/-

NR NA AMBIe-

-

NWNW-

100 100 100 Unknown Sal’0 Splash 4 8 Spells

120 120 120 120’ 80’ 197.3 with llller

804Hetron

80’ satlstactow for aaltaled

120 120 80 tank. Amblent 150 Restslant Liner

160,-

-

-

-

7501Hetron 31

750 Sallsfactoly

Sani-Fresht Soap Solution .................. Scrubber, Med. Suitur Coal, Particulate, pH 1.9 3.6, Cl560-1200 ppm. 309,ooO ACFM Gas ..... Scrubber, Med. Sultur Coal, Particulate. pH 1.9. 3.6, Cl560-1200 ppm. 300.9W ACFM Gas ..... Scrubber Sludge; 30% Solids (96% Ca SultetelO% Ca Sulfate), ..................... 15%FlyAsh,pHll Scrubber Sludge; 36% Solids (90% Ca Sulfate 10% Ca Sulfato). 15% Fly Ash, pH5. ......... Water ................................ See Water, Desalination, pti 7.5 @ 265.F ....... Sea Water, Desalination, pH 7.5 .............. Sea Water, Desalination, pH 7.5 .............. Selenious Acid ............................ Septic System ............................. Sequestering Agents ....................... Sewage, Anaerobic ......................... Sewage, Municipal, Treated 6 Untreated ....... Sewage Treatment ......................... Sewage Tmatment Fumes ................... Sewage Treatment, Ozone, 3% ............... Sewer Gas; H,S .......................... Shampoo, Carpet .......................... Shampoo, Liquid .......................... Silicone Oils: Hydrochloric Acid .............. Silver Cyanide ............................. Silver Nitrato .............................. Silver Nitrate: Coppw Chloride ............... Silver Plating Solution. 4% Silver; 7% Potassium and 5% Sodium Cyanides 2% Potasslum Carbonatti ................. Silver Refining Cells ........................ Single Vessel Chlorine Dioxide Process (Hooker)’ ........................ Skydroi 500t, Hydraulic Fluid Siimicide, Organotln Amine Blend r@125’F ..... Slimlcide, Polychlorophenate organosulfur blend ....................... Slimicide, thiocyanatepoly&lorophenol blend @ 125OF.. ........................ Slurry, 20% Clay: 20% Potash In Sat’d. Brine .... Slurry, Coal/Water @ 6O’F .................. Slurry, Lime ............................... Slurry. Mineral or Rock Wool ................. ............... Slurry, Sand/Water Q 60°F Smelting Furnace Gas and Dust, Wet to 4OO’F ........................
tSee swat SIa ...................................

.............................

kY%'Qai @8o.F

All NR wtth Abrasnn

120
150

-

-

-

150
120 120 100 180 --/LSINR 180 132 AM0 125 85 AMB AMB AM0 100 AM0 100 120 195 PO 80

loo 18WlM -

loo 180 -

-

AMB 85 AM0 AMB --IAMB -

-

IWi2101_ 2101AMB AMB AMB AMB AM0 lW/21012101-

NOrmal 175 x Normal 2.75 x Normal All 100 -

AMB’ 125 85 AMB’ AMB’ AMB AMB’ LSlWINR

AM0 125 AMB AM0 AMB AMB 1w 200

100 79’21 Sat‘d All x3:15

AMBI200

180/150

100 loo 100 100 40 Slurry @ 80-F 10190 Sat’d Unknown 4 lbsigai lEOIHetron Hetron Hetron etro” -

NR SAT 197 SAT throughout 160 SAT 125 --ILS/NR 197 SAT @ 12 tps 197-3 with abrasion except

NR for absorption Ah48 LSiNR 125 SAT resistant 170180

200

2W/NaOH 150/1&l -

Of Cl, or ClO,m SAT 125 SAT

at 7 ips 170

180 197.3 wth t!ller satlsfaclory Hetron SAT.SATINR

Fuller Satisfactory for agitated

tank. Amblent

31 Satlsiactory -

hsl01 trademarks

and product

wmes

(continued)

208

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

VINYL
CONCEN. TRATION % Unknown -

S-ASHLAND
SERVICE HETRON’ 92199P

(continued)
TEMPERATURE. OF FOR RESIN TYPES IiETROH 920 SEWS980 AROPOL 7240 7430 SERIES HETRON 700'7ooc

HETAON 721971197A

Smoke, Particulate, Cooling and Washing with Waler Soap Plant Fumes Soap Solution :::: :‘. Soap: Sulfuric .,.... Soap Tower Exhruat Fumer’ 1 : : : Soda Ash; Sodium Carbonate ....... .. Thickener Fumea .......... Sodium Acrtrte .......... Sodium Acid Sulfite ..... Sodium Alkyl Benzene Sulfonrte .......... Sodium Alkyl Xanthate Sodium Alkylaryl Sulfonate; pH 6 .......... .......... Sodium Aluminate’ Sodium Ammonium Phosphate Sodium Benzdate ........................ Sodium Bicarbonate’ ..................... Sodium Bicarbonrts’ ..................... Sodium Bichromate ...................... Sodium Bichromate: Sulfuric: Sugar .. Reaclion Product, pH 26 ............ Sodium Bisullaie ....................... Sodium Birullide’ ........................ Sodium Blsulfider ...................... Sodium Bisulfide’ ........................ Sodium Bisulflde: NaOH’ .................. Sodium Blsulflte ......................... Sodium Bisulflte: Sodium Sulfate: Sodium Sulfite ........................ Sodium Birulflte/Sulflte ................... Sodium Borate ......................... ... Sodium Bromide ..................... Sodium Carbonate ....................... Sodium Carbonate’ ...................... Sodium Carbonate’ Q 206OF. .............. Sodium Carbonale’ ....................... Sodium Carbonate’ ....................... Sodium Carbonatea ....................... Sodium Ca~otWt~: Soda Aah Thlckrner Fumoe ...................... Sodium Carbonate, Vapor & Condensate ..... Sodium Chlorate .. ...................... Sodium Chlorate ....................... Sodium Chlorate, Sodium Chloride .......... Sodium Chlorate: Sodium Chloride with .... 350ppmCr,10ppmCa,10,000Ampr.. Sodium Chbrato: Sulfuric: Chlorinr Dioxldr: Methyl Alcohol’ ................. Sodium Chloratr, Sulfuric. Methanol, Sodium Sulfate ......................... ......... Sodium Chloride ................ Sodium Chloride: Calcium Chloride: ................... Magnesium Chloride Sodium Chloride, Cl, Sat’d., pli 2 ............. Sodium Chloride, Cl, Sat’d .. pH 2.6 ........... Sodium Chloride: CIO,’ ..................... Sodium Chloride, Dechlorinated: pH 25 Free Chlorlno (Traces) ................... Sodium Chloride: HCI ...................... Sodium Chlorldo, Mercury Grad r ............ Sodium Chloride, pH 3 ..................... Sodium Chloride. pH 3, Cl, Sat’d ............. ....... Sodium Chloride. pH 3.5 ............ Sodium Chloride, pH 10.5, Cl, Sat’d ........... Sodium Chloride, pH 11, some Cl, ............ Sddlum Chloride. Sat’d. Chlorine ............. Sodium Chlorldo: Sodium Chlorate ........... Sodium ChMdo: Sodium Chlorate wlth 366 ppm CR. 10 ppm Ca. lO.WO Ampa ....... Sodium Chloride: Sodium Nltrate: Sulfuric ..... Sodium Chloride: Sulfuric Acid .............. Sodium Chloride: Sulluric. Chlorine + CIO, .... Sodium Chloride, Vapor & Condensate ........ Sodium Chloride, Wet NaOH. Chute .......... Sodium Chlorite ....................... .................. Sodium Chlorite ...
tSee list of lrademarks and product name8

lW/AMWlOO 14O/-

lee AMB AM0 1M) 160 2ao 165 100 120’ NR 2cHl 176 140 140 140

AMB AMB -

AMB

AMB _ -

AM6 215!-

15OlNR 176l160/120 16012001150 120iAMB 150 160~160 16oi140

-

100 15 100 All 40 sat d Unknown Sat’d 10 Sat’d

2001150 NR 176 14Ol140 -I90

210/220 150'1201lie2101220 1601150/2101220 l40'1401140/210/220 2101220 2101220 1&J:1601160/l&I1601210:220 210!220 -

All 15 65 45 15% Sat’d 15:15:15 5CU53 Sal’d Sal’d All 2 10 10 25 32 6&d 170 220 120/12O/AMBIIWAMB lW160 -i90 200 200 -

1e01150

200 140 _ 140 140 2oa 22Of140 160116Q 16CllW 1801160 160 160

200 160 160 160 200 165 150 170 250 160/160/160/160/LS AM6 AM0 180 160 203’ 200 160

NR 16W90

16oirro 1601150 150,1601NR AMB AMB/-

130 NR -

2co 200 150

10 90 Sat’d 3.2M:3.4M 340%0 gpl

145 125

20:450 gpl:Sal’d:Trrce

160/150 200 212/200 NRILS ZlW2101NR 2101220 -

Sal’d 12:10:2 -310 QVI Sat’d 2335 Sat’d Sst’dJ Sat’d Sal’d Sat’d Sal’d Sal’d Sat’d Sat’d 3.4M:32M 2w:340 6:620 6.12 23:35 Sal’d 100150 tons/day 2 25 gpl

200

2M 1M 212 170 120 ZM) 160 210’

NR -

NIU-

210 165 190 165 220 160

150 160 212 120 160 175 160 AM0 212 175 -

210:220 210~220

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

209

POLYESTER

AND VI

‘L ESTER RESII
CONCEN. TRATION % Sat d
Sat‘d 43 Sat'd 50 10 Sal‘d 30.70 Sat'd 40 100 Sat'd Sat'd All All Sst'd Unknown 15.65 45 15:15 0.5 %@14O'F-33%&3'F-I 1 5 10 15 25 50 Unknown @ 160-F 5:12 10:10:10:70 30.1.6

S-ASHLAND
HETROM' 92/99P

(continued)
FOR RESINTYPES HETRON 700 7ooc '50 200~180 180 210!2co 120 120 220/200 220'200 NR lcoNR LS125:NR 120'NR NR NR NR NR 140 140 LS2cO~120 212'150 2121150 212115a 2lZlM NR NR 14O/ldoi_ 150 150 120 120 180 18011M HETAON 920 SERIES!980 2101220 2101220 2101210,21012101210:220 2101220 180 1501150'/METROW 72119711971 150 AROPOL 7240!7430 SERIES ha 103 lx):1M 160 180'120' 120' 180150 180150

SERVICETEMPERATURE.OF

...... .... Sodium Chlorltr .... ......... Sodium Chromate ... Sodium Cumene Sullonate .... Sodium Cyanide’ ...... : .... : .. SodiumCyanide’. .......... 1:::. ........ SodiumCyanides.. Sodium Dichromato ...................... Sodium Dkhromatr: Acetic Acid ............ Sodium Di-phoaphato ..................... Sodium Dodocylknzeno Sulfonata, pH 8 ..... .................... Sodium Ethoxyrullatr ..................... Sodium Forrkyanide Sodium FormcyanIde ..................... Sodium Fluoride’ ..................... ................... Sodium Fluororilkatr’ .............. Sodium Hoxamotaphasphate Sodium Hydmgon Phoaphato .............. Sodium IiydrcHulfldo ..................... Sodium Hydrosulfldoa ..................... Sodium Hydmsulflde: NaOH’ .............. Sodium Hydroxide’ ....................... Sodium Hydroxide’ ....................... Sodium Hydroxide’ ....................... Sodium HydroxIdea ...................... Sodium Hydroxide’ ...................... Sodium Hydmxido’ ....................... Sodium Hydroxldr’ ....................... Sodium Hydroxldo’ ....................... Sodium Hydmxldo: Ccl.: Alumlnum Chlorida . . Sodium Hydroxide Croaylk Acid ........... Sodium Hydroxldr: Ethylonr Dlamlne: Diethylena Triamlnr: Water’ ............. Sodium Hydroxldr: Gluconic Acid ........... Sodium Hydroxldr (10% l xpoauro time): H,SO, Paato (90% rxporun tlmo), sulf1da Roductkn Proco8aJ .............. ..... Sodlum Hydmxkk, Intomtlttont Smlo’ Sodium Hydroxldo: NaHS ................. Sodlum Hydroxide Noutmlizatlon of Acidk Organks ..................... Sudlum Hydroxide Nwtralizatkn of Acidic Totuono, Naphtha ................ Sodium Hydroxide Scrubbing Cl, Blow Gas ... Sodium Hydroxldo Scrubbing Cl,. CIO,’ ...... Sodium Hydroxldo: Sodium Thio4fate 6 Sulflde’ ............................. Sodium Hydroxldo Vapor & Condonsatti ..... .............. Sodium Hypochlortto34.47.. .............. Sodlum Hypochloftt&~47.. ............... Sodium Hypochlorlt&~*7.. Sodium Hypochloriter 4 5. 7 ................ Sodium Hypochloritr Reactor, 10% Excess Cl, ......................... Sodium Hypochlorlto Reactor, .................... 10% Excorr NaOH’ Sodlum Hypochlorlto Vapora ................ Sadlum Lauryl Sulfatr ..................... Sodium: Magn4um: Calcium ChlorIdr Solution ....................... Sodium mota~araonltr ..................... Sodium Mothacrylatr, pH 10.10.5 ........... ................... Sodium Monophoaphatr Sodium Nitrato ........................... SodiumNitritr.. .......................... Sodium Nlttitr: Sodium Chlorldr: Sulfuric ..... Sodlum Porsulfrtm ........................ Sodium Phoaphato. Mono, pH 1-3 ............ Sodium PhosphatePhorphotic Acid Scrap Liquor. pH l-3 ..................... Sodlum Polyactylatr. pH Oslo.5 ............. Sodium Silicate’ .......................... Sodium Silicate, pH 1223 ................... Sodium Sulfate ........................... Sodium Sulfate: Boric Acid with 0.25% Sulfuric. 0.03% H,O,, 100 ppm Iron, 3000 ppm Chlorldr, TomPoratun Cyckd"
“+fETRO%
COndrt~onS

-/loo 9ot-

180 120 LSl60iLSl60iNR --ILSlSO~NR --ILSl2O/NR

220 --1220

250 180 150' 200 160 160

NW1401180 NRl1B.I NFUNIUNWNW-

155 LS/LYNR 140 LSAMS LSAMB NR NR NR -

80 -

520 15 15:15 @lO'F @W'F 2Q 5 302 5 5% 10 15 2 15 15 5% 1W 122:10 50 25 Sat'd Sat'd Sat'd B:8:20 20 510 --1150 220 18CNNW1Bo 125z'NR 1WNR NR 12Y-

150 140

NR

140 NR 1401 -

100 NR 180 125 120 110 125

NR NR NR 120 LSJNR NR

NR 120 120 loo 120 125 120 120 125 150 150 1M 150 10

100 150 130 180 180~150 250 180 180 200 200 180 160 2ao AMB 9CjNR NR 175150 l@OllM 1801150 -

100

120 150 180

2101220 2101220 210/220 120/-

2201180 22cul80 -

l&3160' 200' 220.200 150 2101220 2101220

25 6 All

AhW180

25:15

tsee lslol

--12061206 trademarks

-

-206

2ffi'f-

197

and

700
Some

Serk?S
CtsZ!“g

r.?s!“s
but

dogear

to be unsurrable under cyclic
under StaOc cond,t,ons

and product names

wtth

are res,stdnt

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

211

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND Vlh

L ESTER RESI’
CONCEN. TRATION %

;-ASHLAND
HETTRIJN’ 92199P

(continued)
TEMPERATURE. OF FOR RESIN TYPES HETRON 920 SERIES’990
210

SERVICE

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Sugar Solution’
Sulfamic Acid

NETRON 721197!1971

AROPOL 724017430 SERBS
AM0

NETRON 7001700c

....

::

Sullanilic Acid : Sulfate: Ferrous Sullate ... 1. : : 1. Sulfate Recovery Boiler Gases ... ............. Sulfate Salts. Sulfurk ..................... Sulfated Detergents Sulfide Anolyte(NiS0 . . NiCI,. H,BO, @ pfi 1.5) for ekctro ............. nfinlng process ........... Sulfide Reduction Process Sullurk Acid Paste (go% exposure time): NaOH (10% exposure time) ... ....... ........ Sulfldic Spent Caustk. Petrochemical Sulfidk Spent Caustic, Petrochemical, .................... Nwtrallzod to pH S-6 SMte Liquors ............................. Sulfltr, Spent Liquor, Calcium Base MIII. pH 1.52 (trace lormk 6 acatk) ......... SSull4sophthalk Acid, Na Salt .............. Sulknate, Alpha Olefln .................... Sulfonated Allphatks. HCI, H.S. Butanol ....... Sulfonated Detergents Nwtrslization Fumes ... Sulfonated Detergents: Sodium Hydroxide: Sodium Trfpolyphosphate: Hypochlortte: Blsulflto Fumos .......................... Sulfonk Acid, Alkyl Benzene ................. Sullonk Acid, pnitrotolueno ................. Sullonyl Chlorfdo ......................... Sulfonyl Chlorfde, Aromatic .................. ..................... CSulfophthalic Acid CSullcphthalic Acid: Sulhwk Acid ............ Sulfur .................................... Sulfur Burner Gas Coolor. Wet to 3SO°F ........ Sullur Burner Gas, Wet to 35O’F .............. Sulfur Chlorfde ............................ Sulfur Chlortdr ............................ Sulfur: Cue: PbSO,: FsOz 2&O,: Bt,(SOJ, Dust ........................... Sulfur Dlchkrldo ........................... Sulfur Dichloride ........................... Sulfur Dioxldo, Ammonia Scrubber Process ..... SO,: Ammonia, Vapor ....................... Sulfur Dioxide Burner Gas, Cooler, Wet to 350*F .................... Sulfur Dioxide Burner Gss, Wet to 35O.F ....... SO,: CO,: N,: 0,: H,O Vapors ................. Sulfur Dloxtde, Dry or Wet ................... Sulfur Dioxldr. HF, H,S, F,H,SO.’ ............. Sulfur Dloxido; Oxygen: Nitrogen, droplets 80% Sulfuric .................... ........ Sulfur Dioxide Pulp Mill .......... SO, Removal by Cltroxt m Citrate Process ...... SO, Removal; Fossil Fuel; Limestone Injection Mist after Scrubber, pH 2.12 ........ Sulfur Dloxldr Sat’d. H,O: tracs HF, H,SO,, H.S. P ....................... SO,: SO, Fumos ........................... SO,: SO, Fumes, Watrr Spray ................ SO,: So,: HCI: H,SO,: Caustk It,0 Fumes ...... Sulfur Dioxidr: SO,, Wet @ 14gooF............. Sulfur Dioxidr, Trace Sulfur Trtoxide ........... SO,Vaportzatlon ........................... Sulfur Dioxide, Wet; Wet: CO .. N,, 0 .. .Dust to 350-F ................. Sulfur Fungklde ........................... SulfwHumld Ah. Fumos .................... Sulfur snd Machlne 011 Fumes ............... Sullur. Molton @ 250.28o’F .................. Sulfur, Molten (H,S, SO,, H,O, SO, in ppm) @ 260~30Cr°F .................. Sullur. Molten, Vapors ................. Sulfur Trioxide, Dry ...................... Sulfur Trioxide: SO,, Wet 2 140-F ........... Sulfur Trioxide, Wet ......................
,See I,$., or lradrmarks and product nem~~

... : ......

50 Sal d
All

164 3003co/135

160~150 150 2001-

15 16 24.10 050

160~100 1601100

21012101_ 2101220

200

170

-

-

20:5

150 130 130 160

lx)/130/1601120

130 130 NR

_

2101220 2101220

4p 212-F 25 100 100. 1M 140 193’ -

100 190

100 24 100 @ 75-F

190’ 100 200 a0 120 w SATlSATlNR SATlSATlNR NR

190 NR NR LSW/NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR -

2101220 NR _ NRNPJNR NRI-

im
25 50’1.6 100 Vlpor @ 80-F

25:1&z!k10:83 Vaoor @ 60-F 100 0.06:0.02 by VOI

200 NR 115 120 SAT/SAT/N R

NR NR NR NR 160/150 -

NFVNR/NR/2101250 -

).1:1270:5:14 100 Water by VOI

SAT/SATlNR 120 250 170 175 --/10400/140 140 170

22Ol-

Sar’d

7.15:79 Fumes

-

1501120/NRI-

Unknown 7614 2 1W 6.10 100 100 100 100 24 76 100 190’ -/LYNR 250 140 SATlSATlNR 200 HOT -/SAT/NR -/SAT/NR 30013cO/AMB -/LSiNR AMB

NR lEOINR NR NR NR

190 SAT/NR

NFUNPJ21OQ20 NRI-

-

(continued)

212

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESII
CONCEN. TRATION % 8 25 50 50 Q 250-F
70 75 80 93 30:6:10 30 125.13 gpl 7.6x.5 Unknown 60 5353 OzlQal 1613 a 155-F 20:20 16.12.5 3220 80 53:47byvol@ 1oO.F

;-ASHLAND
SERVICE HEmON’ 92 99P Iti230 2x NR150 loo’NR -

(continued)
TEMPERATURE, ‘F FOR RESIN TYPES HETRON 920 SERIES,980

CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Sullur, Wettable. Fungicide .......... .... ........ Sulluric Acid Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric Acid ‘.’ : 1::: .” :’ Sulfuric Acid SulfuricAcid.. ... :.:.:::.:::.:..:::::::::. Sulfuric Acid .............................. Sulfuric Acid ............................. Sulfuric: Ammonium Blsulfste: Surfactrnt ...... Sulfuric Acid: Ammonium Sulfate: Manganese, pH 9 ................... ..... Sulfuric: Anodizing Solution Sulfuric: Benzene Sulfonic Acid: Water : ....... Sulfuric: Chlorate, Methanol, Sodium Sulfite .... Sulfuric: Chlorine Saturated .............. Sulfuric: Chromk .......................... Sulfuric: Chromk .......................... Sulfuric: Chromic Acid ...................... Sulluric: Chromk Acids ..................... Sulfuric: Chromic Acids’ .................... Sulfuric: 2% Chromic Oxide ............... Sulfuric (106N): CIO, ....................... Sulfuric, Cont.: Nitric, Cont. Sulfuric: Contaminated with Maganese Sulfate and Oxide ........................ Sulfurfc: copper Salts ...................... Sullurk: CopfJer Salts ....................... Sulfurtc: Copper Sullrte ..................... Sulfuric: Copper Sulfate ...................... Sulfuric: Copper Sulfate ..................... Sulfuric: Cu: Fe: Zn SlurryrThickener ........... Sulfuric: 1% Dodecyl Benxene Sulfonic Acid ............................ Sulfuric Evaporation ....................... Sulluric: FeO.TiOI Ore, Sterm.Air Agltrted @ 220-F ........................ Sulfuric: Ferric Sulfate: Cupric Sulfate ........................... Sulfuric Acid Fume Scrubber ................. Sulfuric Fumes In Steam .................... Sulfurk: HCI ............................. Sulfuric: Heavy Polymer, Trece Iron and Hydrocarbons .................... Sulfuric: Hydrochloric Acids ................. Sulfuric: Hydrochloric: Antimony Trioxide ...... Sulfuric. 26% by Wt.: Hydrofluortc, 20% by Wt.: Hydrocfrlorlc. 66% by Vol.: Sodium Dichromate, 3% by Wt.’ ............ Sulfurk: Hydrogen lodlde ................... Sulfuric: Hydroxylemine Acid Sulfate .......... Sulfuric: Hydroxylrmmonium Acid Sullrte ...... Sulluric: llmenite Ore, Steam.Air Agitation a 22O’F ....................... Sulfuric: Llgnin: CrudeTell Oil, pH3 ............ Sulfuric: Manganese: Ammonlum Sulfates. pH, Sulfuric: Manganese Sulfate ................. Sulfuric: Manganese Sulfate ................. Sulfurk: 60%: MEK, 160% ................... Sulfurlc: Metal Sulfate Baits ................. Sulfurtc: Na, Mg, Zn Sulfrter ................. Sulfuric: Na Sulfate ........................ Sulfuric: Na SulfrteSat’d. with Cl, ............ Sulfuric (10.6N), Na,SO,, 0.06 gpl NeCIO,, 0.2 gpl N&I ..................... Sulfuric: Nltrtc Acid 609 .................... Sulfuric: Nitric Acldr ........................ Sulfurtc Nltrk Acldr ........................ Sulfuric: Nitric Acids @ 160~200aF ........ , ... Sulfuric: Nltrtc Acids @ 210°F ................ Bulfuric: Nltrtc: Copper Baltr ................. Sulfuric: Nitric: DinitroToluene Fumes. ........ Sulfuric: Nitric: HCI @ up to 22S°F ........... Sulfuric: Nitric: Hydrochloric ............... Sulluric: Nitric: Na dichromrte: Cr,(SO.), ....... Sulfuric: Nitric: Phosphoric: Nonionic Surfactant ...................
tree !istof trademarks

HETRON 7211971197A 140 25025a200 200 LSLS:NR 190’ 175/175/NR 1M NR 110 --1100’1100 AM0 140 125 60 140

AnomL
724017430 SERIES

HETRDM 7001700c

1601120 1501NR NR NR NR NR NR NR -

_
22512oC 220:2co LSNR 190/16i AMB NR NR ?OfJNR NR NR NR NR 120 NR 120 -

210~220 210 226 NW160:120/NR NR _

NR60 NW-

160 NRNR225 90 165 120’ NR 212 150 160 120 150 NRNR’Y160 -no 194 300/140 80 160 100 150 160 150 165

NR NR NR NR 1x1’/-

-

a:31

10 gpi

33.31 gpl a12 l&5 200:50 gpl 10%.60 10:5gp1 70 to 70 1020:3&40 2a10:10 33 0.05 45 15 60 30.1 x15:5

NR

-

-

25 gpw QPI 70:Sat’d 10.86-W 1KU.3040 3OsO.10 40:13.135 gpl 1090 2650 gpl Kv90:10 lo:24 lo:24 35:23 35.23 NR” 125’ -

lh7 156 125 160 200 125 1W 203 60’ 135 135 160 130 130 160 16O’F NRIMB/NWSATISATINR ppl molar NRI160 AMB

125’ 60’/60 200 -

ao’i-

-

-

NW-

30 56:26 8 f&:26 38a.5 20:s 179.5:112 10:1020:6

-

NR

NR NR NR 90 40160 60’ 8Ol-

NFV-

20 1030 7 013.6.25 gpl 5.20 11 0 1

andprod!Jcl

names

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

213

TABLE

1.54:

POLYESTER

AND VII

L ESTER RESI
CONCEN. TRATION % 51 10.5 5.399 75 2

;-ASHLAND
HETRON’ 92’99P

(continued)
lF FOR RESlN TYPES HETRON 920 SERIES/980 ao’NRHETROM AnomL 721197l1971 7240'7430 SERIES 80’
80:&,/N R 160

SERVICE TEMPERATURE. CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT Sulfuric, 70%: Nitric, 70% Pickling Acid Sulfuric: Nitric: Water :: Sulfuric: Organic (Alkyl Benzene) Sulfuric Acid Paste (90% exposure time): NaOH (10% exposure time), Sulfide ............. Reduction Process

HETRON 7001700c 80 NR -

NR-

:

NR _

Sulfuric, 93%: Phosphoric, 85% @ 160°F .... .. ...... : : : Sulturic: Phosphoric Acid Sulluric: Phosphoric: Hydroxyacetic Acids’ .... Sulfuric: Phorphortc Acid: Sodium Hydroxide: Trisodium Phosphate: Water .... Sulfuric: Phosphoric Acid: Sodium Hydroxide: Trisodium Phosphate: Waler .... Sulfuric Acid, pickle liq. tank covers .......... ........... SuIturic: Soap ............... Sullurfc: Sodium Chlorate: Chlorine Dioxide: Methyl Alcohol’ ................. Sulfuric: Sodium Chloride .................. Sulfurtc: Sodium Chloride, Chlorfne and CIO, SuIturic: Sodium Chlorfde: Sodium Chlorate: Cl,: CIO,: Steam ................ Sulfuric: Sodium Dichromatr ................ Sullurlc: Sodium Dichromatr ............... SuIturic: Sodium Dichromate ..... : : .... Sulfuric: Sodium Dichromate ..... Sulfuric: Sodium Dlchromate: Chromic Sulfate Sulfuric: Sodium Dichromate Over Storm Coils ...................... Sullurfc: So&urn Nflralr: Sodium Chloride ..... Sulfurfc: Sodium Sulfate, H,S and CS, ........ Sulfuric: Soya Oil to 3W’F .................. Sulfuric: Sullate Salts ...................... Sulfuric: CSulf~phthalic Acid ............... Sulfuric: Traca Dichlorides .................. Sulfuric: Trace Dichlorides @ 196OF .......... Sulfurk: Trace Nitrogen 6 Nltrobenzene ...... Sulluric: Trace Organiw .................... Sulfurtc: Trace Organic8 .................... Sulfuric: Traca Organics .................... Sulfuric: Trace Organic8 .................... Sulfuric: Trace Organics ................... Sulfuric: Trace Organics .................... Sulfuric Acid Vapor ........................ Sulfuric Acid Vapor ........................ Sulfuric Add Vapor ........................ Sulfuric Acid Vapor ........................ Sulfuric Acid Vapor with Trace Niltic ......... Sulfuric Acid, Waste, with up to 16% Dinitro Butyl Phenol @ lsO°F ............. Sulfuric Acid, Waste, Leaching, pH 2-5 ........ Sulfuric Acid Waste with Metal Salts ......... Sulfuric Acid, wasle pickle Ilq. ................ Sulfuric Acid: Water: HAS (Hydroxylammonium Acid Sulfate)’ ........................... Sulfuric Acid: Watrr: HAS(Hydroxylammonium Acid Sulfate)* ........................... Sulfuric: lg20%: Xylene Derivative: T-Amine: Alkaline Metal Sal1 ............... Sulfurk: Zinc Sulfatr: Sodlum Sulfate ......... Sulfurfc: Zfnc Sulfatr: Sodium Sulfate ......... Sulfuric 134% Zn Sulfate 1.3% Na Sulfate 38%. CS,. Amines. Sat’d. with H,S .......... Sulfuric 5.10%. Zn Sulfate I-8%, Na Sulfate S-25% Sat’d. with H,S. Trace Amines ........................... Sulfurous Acid ............................ Sulfurous Acid ............................ Sulfuryl Chloride ........................... Sulfuryl Chloride ........................... Sulphidr Anoiyte. Nickel Plating Tank pH 1.5 .... Super Phosphoric Acid .............. ... Super Pnosphoric Acid ..... ::: Surfactants, Alkanolrmide .............. Surfactants. Amide Type ................. Surfactant. Anionic ..................... Surfactants, Linear Primary Alcohol Type
tSee

20:5 5050
lOso x)51:29

150 NIX’L.YSATI160 243/243l100 loo 200 145 212 120 180 150 180 160 1M) 60 180 125 SAT/SAT/NR 135 100 166 -lLS/NA 166

NR -

2 14.2:0.5:82 2.5.20.2.0.5.75 25
Unknown 45X?ogpl.Sst’d:Trace 12:a 35:23 4N 1M lM.Sat’d 30.3 30.5 ozfga1 32.4 42 5 oz/gal 952 gpl:Sat’d 22+?6:3.5-5 2cKa:a 10:20 10% lo:24 1.6:M 30 76 30 @ 160-F 30 47 @ 166-F 62 0 166-F 72 @ 166’F 76 60 0 166-F 60 50 98 @ 1Bo.F 1520 65.70 25 177 gpl w:20:20 75:14:11 1.55:3:5 610:18:1wo 16YNW-

-

21512w

-

-

NR

NR NR NR NR SAT -

LSlMllNR NR NR -

-

140 140 NFU-

NR 166 140 140 NR 220 to xx) -/NR AM6 -/go 200 100 100 loo 1MYNR NR
l&7'/-

120 NR 1wJlsl

NR NR NR -

NR l&I NFU-

NR -

205/w-

165

-

10

M2wIAM0 NPJNW-

%2oo 150 150 NA NR lscl 300/3001160 120 120

NR NR NR NR AMWNR AMWNF AM6 NR NR 22012oo 2201200 120 120 120 120

1001loo/NR NR 210/22fl 210:220

Sat’d 99 @ 120-F
100 0 76% 75-F P,O,

loo 100 100 58 loo

-

120’ 120’

lisl 01 trademarks

and product n.snes

(continued)

274

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VII

‘L ESTER RESI
CONCEN. TRATION %

;-ASHLAND
HETRON 9Zi99P

SERVICE TEMPERATURE.‘F FOR RESIN TYPES
HETROM 721197'197A AROWL 7240:7430SERIES HETROW 700 7ooc "ETRON 920

(continued)

SERIES!980

Surtactants, Linear Primary Alcohol Type-Ethanol Surfactant, Nonionic. Alkyl Ether Amine Oxide Surlactant, Nonionic, Tergitol 15&9t’ : : : Surtactant, Nonyl Phenoxytriethoxy Ethanol Type ........................ Surlactant, Polyethylene, oxy Derivative ...... Sweet Crude Oil .......................... Sweet Oil ............................... ... .... Sweetwater 35Dt: Acrylonitrile : : : ........... Tall Oil Tall Oil, Crude, ;.iO/.‘&en; hcid: Lien& &I 4:3 Tall Oil, 2% Spent Acid, pH1, Lignin Tall 011: Sulfuric: Llgnin, pH3 ........ : .. : : : Tannic Acid .............................. Tanning Leather, Drums .................... Tar Camphor ............................. Tariaric Acid ............................. “Teller” Scrubber, Wet Process P,O, Plant’ .... Telonett. Fumigant’ .. ............ Terephthalic Acid: HCI: Dimeth;; Formamide: Water .................. .......... Tergitol 15&9t .............. Tetrachlorocyclopentane Saturated with Cl, and Trace HCI. Ccl., Dlcyclopentadleno and Hexachlorocyclopentane .............. Tetrachloroethylenr ........................ 1.1,2, P.Totrachlorethylene : ................ Tetrachlorophenol, Sodium Salt .............. Tetrachloropyridino ....................... Tetrakls (Hydroxymethyl) Phosphonium Chloride .......... ....... Tetrakis (Hydroxymethyl) Phosphonium ........ Chloride, HCI, Ii,0 Vapors ................. Tetrapotasslum Pyrophosphatr .............. Tetrasodium Ethylenediamine Totraatate’ ..... Tetrasodlum Pyrophosphatr ................. Tetrasodlum Pyrophosphate ................. Textonet Bleach Thermolin RF-23Ot ......................... Thermolin RFe230t ....................... Thioglycol, Mono .......................... Thioglycolic Acid .......................... Thionyl Chloride ........................... Thionyl Chloride, Vapor ..................... Thiosorbic Lime ........................... Tin Fluoborate Pletlng Bath, 18% Stannous Fluobrate; 7% Tin, 9% Fluoboric Acid; 2% Boric Acid’ ......................... Tin, Molten, 7W*F, Fumes .................. Tinoflx DFt ............................... Titanium Sulfate Ftsduction Process ........... Tobias Acid ............................... Toilet Tanks, Aircraft ....................... Toluene .................................. Toluene @ 120’F.. ........................ Toluene Dllsocyenete ....................... Toluene Sulfonic Acid ...................... Toluene Sulfonic Acid ...................... Toluene, Vapor ............................ Toluene, Vapor 6 Condensate ................ Toluene, Vapor & Reflux .................... Toluene: Xylene: Aromatic: Aliphatic .......... Tolyl Chloride (0) ........................... Toxaphene: Xyleno ......................... Transformer 011 ............................ Trensmlsslon Fluid, Automatic ............... Tributyl Phosphate Tributyl Phosphate: Aromatic Solvent ......... .................... Trichloroacetaldehyde Trichloroacetic Acid ........................ Trichloroacetic Acid ..... .... .........

1W 1W

14af200 6w220 -

12C’ 120 loo loo 105 210 140 AMB 200 200 2W 250 SAT 80 250 95 NR loo loo

12C -

120 120 100 200 2@J 2w 200 22a2w 22012w -

12011 210;230 180 1501NRINRINRI210/2101_ _ -

28 100 100 98.2 10:30:60 Sat’d 100 Sat’d Cone 14:28’7:51 100

16nilM
_ _ -

160/1w
1801150 -

100 100 loo 13 loo loo

12016s AMWNR NWloo --ILS12Ch’NR AM0 120’ AMW170’11701NR AMB 125 125

-

NR NR 120 -

ea1w NRI120/_

NR NR -

..........................

80 All 5 Sat’d @ 75-F Pure Impure loo 10 loo
loo

125 -/125 -/125 -

SO/NR 1ZYBOlNR -

130 22wOO -

lW/150/150/lW/210/220 _ lW/NR -

95 95 65-80 NR lYX1501NR 150

NR

NR NR

NWNW-

Sat’d

200

AMB’ -

50 All loo loo Sat’d 65 loo loo loo loo 86.3:5:6 100 @ 200-F 90:10 loo loo loo 35.65 100 @ 1W’F o-50 50

SATI-

SAT AME’ 80 AM0

200 NR NR AM0 loo -

zoo/210/LS.AMBllW NR/.30/210/210/-

AMB NIV-/NR

AMB’IAMBINR NR 150 loo 200

AMBINR NR -

12U/NR/-

120 230/230/901--iNR 122 AMB so/-AMB AM0lNR AMB‘

AMB NR 180 180

ZlOiNR 2101210/-

.........................

NRI2wiAMB

NR 200 AM0

AM&LSlBOrNR

tSee

hst of wademarks

and Droducl names

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

215

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VINYL

ESTER RESI
CONCEN. TRATION % loo
100 100 100 100 100 @ 120-F

;-ASHLAND
HE7RON’ 92199P

(continued)
HETROI 72119711971

SERVICE TEMPERATURE. ‘F FOR RESIN TYPES AsomL
724017430 SERIES HETROW 700’700c NETRON 920 SERIES’980

Trichloroacrtonitrile. Trace Acetonitrile and HCI ................ Trichlorobenzene Trlchlorobenxene Vapors Wet wrth HCI’ : : ... 1, 1. l.Trichloroethane 1. 1, Z~Trtchloroethane ....... .. 1: : 1: : ... Trichloroethylene’ ...................... I, 1.2.Trichloroethylrne .................. Trlchlomethylene, 50%. .................. Trtchloroethylenr: Chlorinated Orpanics: ........ Hydrochloric (32%) ... ... Trichloroethylrne Fumes; 22% MI; 10% Cl,; 9% 0,; 6% CO; 4% H, ........... Trichloroethylene, HCI, Ct,, H,O Vapors ...... ..... Trtchloromethane ........ Trichloromonofluommethane ... : : 111: ..... Trtchlorophenol .......................... Trtcmyl Phosphate ...................... Trldecyl Benzene BulfonateDetergent Base Triethanol Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate ........ Trtethanolamine Llnaar Alkylate Sulfoneto ... Trlothylamine ........................... Triethylamine Hydrochlortde ............... Trlethanolamlne ....................... Trtethylene Glycol ................ Trtfluorovlnyl Chloride, Oils and G&ares ..... Trthydroxybenxoic Acid .................. Trtmethyl Borate In Methyl Alcohol* ......... Trlmethyl Carblnol ....................... Trimethylamlne Hydrochlodde ............. Trimethylamina Hydrochloride, pH 54 ....... Trlmrthylamine: HCI ..................... Trimethylamine HCI: Ethylene Oxide Reactlon Trtphenyl Phorphlte .................... Trtr (Hydroxymethyl) Nltromethane: Formaldehydr: Water, pH3 .............. Trtsodlum Phosphate ..................... Trtsodlum Phorphatr ...................... TunaOil ................................. Turpentlnr: Chlortno ....................... Turpentine, crude sulfate @ loOoF ........... Turpentine: Methyl Alcohol ................. Turpentine, Pure Gum .................... U-34EQt and U7000t. Styrene Acrylic Emulsions ....................... Ultraformer Fead, Reflnory .................. Ultralormer Faa&Xylena ................... Ultraformer Heavy Faed. Rrflnery ............ Ultrawett BOK Blodagrrdable Detergent ....... Ultrawet 46DS Btodegradable Detergent ...... Ultrawrt WL Biodegradable Detergent ........ Underground, Clay Soil ..................... URAN Ferlllizer~Ammonium Nitrate Composition; 44.3% Ammonium Nitrrtr. 35.4% Urea, 20.3% Water ............... Uranium Bxtraction ........................ Uranium Fluoride, KOH, HF, KF, K.0, K,UO., Cb, KCI, KOCI, KCIO,, KCIO., CO,, K,CO,, KHCO*, H,CO,, UO,CO,, F,, CIF,, DF, ....... Uranium SX Units ......................... Urea .................................... Urea: Ammonium Chloride: Ammonium Nitrate ................................ Urea: Ammonium Nitrate: Water ............. Urea: Ammonium Nitrate: Water ............. Una: Ammonium Nitrate: Water ............. Urea~Fonnaldehyde Resin .................. Urea Modified Phenolic Rerln (Durazt 24942) ... Urotropine ............................... Vanasol @ 6Cl’F .......................... Variquatt K-300 ............... .......... Varisottt 222-90 ...................... Varoxl6SET.. .......................... Varsolt @ 2G1°F .................... Veneer Drying Fumes ..................

NWNPJ-

85 NR ‘212J212180 BOINWNR AMB NR

NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR 120 80 -

NR-

80 NPJNFUNRml/NFVBW120 210’/15OI-

NPJNFU-I175 NRJ175l12uiNFUNRJ-

14:0.9:85.1 @ 104’F 100 @ 80-F 1W 100 @I 175-F 100 loo SO loo Sat’d a 75-F loo loo loo &I’d 98 loo too 1W loo.37 loo 51a8:49 2s Sat’d loo SC++*.3 @ 320-F to48:loB5Q 100 15O.F

NR 120 NR NR 120 80 loo

NR NR

NR -

AMBI180 AMB 80 lx) loo 130 -190 130 130 NR 122 120’ AMBJNWLY-f90 150 AMB NR LS 120 en AM&--I-

NR 13W9O/NR

-

15C:-

130 180 -

130/lWi1201-

180 NR lSo/120 NR SATlNR AMBIAMB LS AMB AMBIAMBI-

2101210/160/NFVSAT’INRIAMBilW -

-

loo 1w loo AMBI-

150 130 1w AMB AMB AM0

AMB

-

-

120 SAT

loo -

-

Sat’d 38:2.5:20 2cK3o:50 354420 4oI10:50 100 80 @a12iX120/loo NWAMB 80 -/SAT/NR 120’ 120’ 120 SATISATI10 3w/3Wi-Do SAT 160 AMB

150190

loo SAT 1SOIAMB -

loo’/SAT ll3011201-

120 SATI120’1120 120’/120 120 SATINR SAT 120 120 120 SATINA -

120/-

pli 78
28 1 -

SAR1201120/1201SAT,-

tSeeltst01 trademarks

and Droducl names

(continued)

216

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook POLYESTER AND VI NY L ESTER RESINS-ASHLAND
CONCEN. TRATION % COnC 100 100 Q 75-F
100 1OOGi BO'F 100 WETROW' 92 VVP

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

(continued)
HETRON 72:1971197A AROPOL 7240.7430 SERIES l.SOf1BOilM NR NR 100' NR 15OINR 1801150 12Y100 HETROh 700~700c HETRON 920 SERIES'900

SERVICETEMPERATURE.°FFORRESINTYPES

Water, GoothomlJl........................

Vegetable Oils’ :. : ..... Viddbn Dt Fumigant’ Vinegar ....... : .... Vinyl Acetate ........ Vinyl Toluene : : : : : : : 1 : : : : : : 1. .. 11 : .. : Vlnyl Trkhlortde’ VlvoZynet ............................. Wash Solution. pli 13.6’ ................... Washer Hoods, Ducts, Chlorination, CIO,. and Brown Stock .. , ................... Waste Oils, Gear. Cutting, etc., Treated with ............... Lime and 93% H,SO. Waste, Organic, H,O, HCI, Cl, Vapors ...... Waste Water Treatment Water: Acid: Organic conta’mbtated : : : : : : . Water, City (t&69 pal) ..................... Water, Condonaate. pH 7.342 with NH,, NO,, SO., B, Cl, 0,, H,S ............. Water, Condensate, Buffered .............. Water, Condensate, Traa Amounts Mercaptan, H,S. Turpentine, Acetone .............. Water, Condensate, Zero Hardness, pH 8.595 @ 2W.210°F ................. Water. Contaminated with Aromatic Solvents, Salts, Hydrocarbon Rosins, Organics; . Slightly Acid to Basic ................... .. wltaf, Cooling”, ph 5.57 .................. Water, Cooling, 26 ppm Chromate ........... Water, Cooling lower ..................... Water, DelonLuP~ s ...................... Water, Doionized, High Purity 1.5 pmhdcm. ... Water, Deminerallzedd’ ................... Water, DistIllad’ ......................... Water, Drinking’ ........................ Water: Ethylene Glycol rg 212OF ............

_ _
AM&NW-

NR AM0 80’

AME NR NR 100 150 NR -

2101220 NW8OlNW160/220

NR
-

NR
SAT NR 175 150/150/NR 180

96 5.2 1.5 100

NW-

-I103
l&X-

NWLS/-

@15O'F 100

SATISAT'I-

-

loo/100 103 100 loo %x0 loo/160/NWAM&-

100 180 180' 120 180 212/212/180 210/210/180 NR

180 120 18oiXl AMB"!NR" 1801120 1601140 AMB"/12Y180114O 2cK!l‘% AMBI700 NR as mola~ng cpd -

l&l 120 210/220 2101220 2101220 AM&-

Water, Geyser, Condensate ................ Water, Ground, Organic(1.310 ppm) Contaminated”, Untreated, pH 5.7 ......... , .......... Water, lrrtgatlon ............... ......... Water, Light, FC195T ........... Water, Light, FC203t ...................... ...................... Water.09 Separation Water. Organic: acid contaminated @ 15rYF ... Watec pH3, pH7. or pH 10 .................. Water, pH 5 to 9 (1.13 at tlmos) with HCI: Cl,, Benzok Acld; Baruoyl, Bansal, Bonql Chlorldoa Praaent ................. Water, 13,ooO ppm l atk acid ............... Water, 6.ooO ppm chlorobenzeno ............. Water, 166 ppm methylone chloride .......... Water, 3,DW ppm 15ooctyl alcohol ........... Water, 56 ppm Phenol ...................... Water, 566 ppm sodium chlorldo ............. Water Sat’d. with 1.525% Ozone in Oxygen ... Water, Sea ............................... Water, Sea. dorrllnatlon pH 7.5 .............. Water, Sea, deaalinatlon pH 7.5 .............. Water, Saa, dosalinatlon pti 7.5 @ 265.F ...... Water, Steam Condanutaa ................. Water, Storm Condonsate, Steam; Buried ...................... Pipe B upto2Ul.F Water. Sulfuric: Aoatlc: Methylanr Chloride: Octyl Alcohol: Sodium Chlorlde: ......................... Chlorobenzrm Water, Tap ............................... Watr Treatment, Dye Plant, pH 2-3 ........... Watn Treatment, SoHonIng end Coagulating ......................... W8tar, Vapor 5 Condarwato~ ................

110 AMB 160 120 AMB SATlSATlNR 125

125l-

AMB’ 120' AMB SATiNR Ah48 120 NR AMB NW-

100 100 g&5:1.5.2 -

AM&160/NWAM&-

NW-

-

120 150 150' 150' 150' AMB 150' 140 1%3 180 132 -/LSINR
150'

150'/120 150 150 150 1Sc4u50

150 150 150 150 153 180

210/-

.

1.7xNormal 2.75xNormal Normal 100

-

lSou50 NR 180/-

2owNR

212' NR

41 3:0.3:1.3:0.01:0.3:0.5:0.8 180 AMB/18011’

15011501NR l&I 180 AMB 212

1501NR 1801150

NR 180 -

NW180

AM0

"D~ssolvea SOCUS. 1574.21#~~m'f'O, 0.25Mm; fOra PD., 7.3pPm: Cu. 0 7ppm. zn.3.4ppm; Fe. l.Bpprn:CaCo, 450ppm mex.; Chromate. hexs. 1~22ppm. 0, resrdual. 0.20.45p~". NaQ 527.702wm '@NO change m waler a! 0 1 It' lammarelgal. as m "AROPOL 7430 Set~SIac~ory.

‘Such es mefhylene chloride. 50 ~,wn: chlorolorm. 2; tnchloroethylene 8 tncnloroelhane. 14: alcohols. 7W. MEK 8 MIBK. 2X Benzenes. 105. Acetone. 50 Phenol. 2 etc AROPOL 7242 safrslaclory

2p30.WOga~ tank

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

217

TABLE 1.54:
CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT

POLYESTER

AND VII

‘L ESTER RESI
CONCENTRATION %

;-ASHLAND
WETRON’ 9C99P

SESVICE TEMPERATURE. OF FOR
HETRON 721197!197A AROWL 7240 7430 SERIES

(continued)

RESIN

TYPES HETRON 920 SERIES’990

HETRON 7001700c

Water, Waste with Pine Oil, Kerosene, Methoxychlor, Melathion, Xylene, Detergents, Chlorophyll, Surface Active Agents and Other Oils Water, Waste, With Solids. Oil, Grease Water, Waste, Trickling Filters ........... .......... Water, White .......... :: Wax, Chlorinated : : : : 1. ... :. Weed Killrrs ........................... Whey ................................... .............. Whiskry ................. White Liquor (Pulp Mill) .................. ............. White Water ........ White Water, Splash 6 Spills ................ ....................... Wine Fermentation’ Wine Storego’ ............................ Winery Waete ............................ Wire Pickling Fumes ....................... Xylone .................................. Xylone @ 120-F .......................... Xylene: Adogent 381 ..................... Xylene: Camphene. Chlorinated 68% ......... Xylene Derlvatlvr: T-Amine: Alkallne Metal Salt: 10.20% Sulturlc Acid ............. Xylene: DXE; Trace li,SO.; Flake Caustic Xylene: Koroaeno: 05% Phoaphortc .......... ........................ Xylene:Toxaphene Xylene/Ultraformor Fnd ................... .................... Zlmmltet, Mud Remover Zinc Casting Fumos ....................... Zinc Chloride @ 310°F ..................... Zinc Chloride ............................. Zinc Chloride Plrting Bath; Zinc Chloride: Sodium Chlortde: Ammonium Chloride, pH 4.862 ...................... Zinc Cyanlde Plating Bath, 9% Zinc rnd 4% Sodlum Cyanides 9% Sodium Hydroxide’ ... ............... Zinc Dimethyidlthlocarbanate Zinc Electrolytic Collr ...................... ........................ Zinc Fluoborate* ZincFluoborste Plrting Bsth, 49% Zinc Fluoborate; 5% Ammonium Chlortde; 8% Ammonium Fluoborate’ .............. Zinc Hydrosulfite ......................... Zinc. Nick.1 Hydrophosphstr, HF rnd Fluoslliclc’ ............................ Zinc Nltrste .............................. Zinc Phosphate ........................... Zinc Smelter Fumes ....................... Zinc Sulfate .............................. Zinc Sulfite ..............................

Unknown -

AKBAMB’I-

en
AM8

BT,PUB’ AMB’

80
AM0

80 AM8 AM0 lBo12W -

100 @

AM0 AM0 -

AMB 180 AMB NR NR

BO’F

NR 17YAMB”/AMB”IAMB

-

Bi:1501-

ll@-

AM0
110

140

NRllOO NWloO’/-

100 100

-rw
NW-

lSo/lwISATINWNR 100 122 100 NR 100 122 AbIB/--/-

9YNR NR lt<)iNR NR -

75125
10:90

5050@185 333335 10% l-2 70 Sat’d

NR-

-

l@Y2al

100 cwYxwoJSAT/SAT/265 la5150 220/200 210/-

18.31:3 oLlga, NW90 14W-

AM0 NR 140 -

180

160/210/-

3.5 50

Sat’d S&d Sal’d Unknown All Sal’d -JlElO 160

2w 160 80 180 200 SAT 200 --‘153 250 NR l&w50 15C:100

200 lXU15O 180 2201200 -

2001-

210/210/lBO/-

tSe llsl 01 lrsdcmarks

and c)roducI names

=U/7SUtfSlUClO~

‘HETRON 99P tar turns service on/y ‘Good hst nsutts 8tkr short exposure YJynmelic sudecing veil mxmmended for mrximum resistance ‘BenZoyl PeIVXid8 - Dimefhyl uniline cure system recommended t0 8Ssur8 satist8ctOty cervice *Postcure recommended ‘Solulion mry discolor ‘Nonthixotropic ns@ prefenbk _....
US Ill7hlg

“NO change in water at 0.7 ft.’ laminate/gal. gal. tank. “AROPOL 7530 SatiStUCtOrj’. MAROPOL 7343 SUtiSfUCtOrY

as in 20-30.000

‘Acceptuble 8s to odor 8mi Iusfe tar AROPOL 7242 fype resin. Steumed 4 hours with rtmospherlc steam prior to exposurs “Three 3 hour exposures lo 30% nrtrlc 8t 100’F to simukte cleenin “NO discvlorution occurs et 5 rttfgul. ucid with AROPOL 7242 md A ETRON 700 type construction M SlJ1f8soSS 810 8cid or Steum C/UUned ‘r’YY veil an/v - . _ _ .. ‘aA ROPOL 7$40 only uAppceIs to be eroslon/comXion “AROF’OL 724L’SATut 12Q.F “HETRON 197 and 700 series resins appear to be unsuitable under cychc conditions with some crazing but are resistant under static conditions. “Dissolved solids, 1574-2163 ppm: PO,, 0.25 ppm; total PO, 1.3 ppm; Cu, 0.7 ppm; Zn, 3.4 ppm; Fe, 1.8 ppm; CaCo, 450 ppm max.; Chromate, hexa, 18-22 ppm. Cl, residual, 0.20.45 ppm; NaCI, 527.702 ppm.

“Vol. % SO, 0.25; SO,, 0.03; CO, 12.5; N, 74.6; O,, 4.9; H,O, 7.6; f/y esh, 5.0 grams fr; velocity 60 fps. ” Vol. % SO,, 0.25; SO, 0.003; CO, 72.5; NI. 74.6; 0, 4.9; H,O, 7.8; t/y 8sh. 1.2 grams fr; velocity 8 fps. “0.12% Sop% O,ll2% CO,RO% NJ13.4% H,O; 5 grams/fr of 1.2% tf,.S@, 2-3ooo ppm HCI. 1020 ppm HF, rust water. z4Such as methylene chloride, 50 ppm; chloroform, 2; trichloroethylene 8 trichloroethane, 74; alcohols. 760: MEK 8 MIBK. 200; Benzenes. 105: Acetone,’ 50; Phenol, 2 etc. “AROPOL 7242 satistactory.

TABLE

1.55:

POLYPROPYLENE

AND POLYVINYLIDENE

FLUORIDE

LINED PIPING SYSTEMS-RESISTOFLEX

Chemical

Resistance

Ratings for RESISTOFLEX-PP

(Polypropylene)

and FLUOROFLEX-K

(KYNAR)

Acetic Aad iGlacial Acehc Acld 150%) Acetic AnhydrIde Acetone Acetone (1 O%l 150%)

70 225 75 120t 120t

70 212 1 NR 120 NR

,’ Er1ne ‘I BromtcAcld ,’

225 NR NR NR

275 230t 170

Chromic Chromyl Coal

Acid (31!?, w!? 0 3:, H&O.1 Chlonde

qromme~Dvl
Water (25%)

I/ Bromine(Llqu!d) ” Bromme ‘1 Butadlene 1 Bufyl Acetate

170
212t 250

Citric Acld

Gas
011 4

I

: 160 ! / ; 140t / i I
140 140 140 140 140 __ 120 140

170 1201 275 2121 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 150 150 120

Ett’ylene Ethylene Ethylene

Dlamlne DIchlor,oe GlycO .EDCI NR 225 NR 140 :50:,; 225 225 225 225 225 225 140 140t NR

EthyleneOxIde Fatty Acids Ferric Chloride Ferric NItrate Ferric Sulfate Ferrous Ferrous -___. Ferrous Chlorloe NItrate Sulfate 137%)

Acetonttrife Acetoohenone Acetylchlonde ACWlOnltrlle Allyf Chfortde Aluminum Albmlnum Alummum Alummum Ammonium Chlortde’ Fluoride Hydrowde Nitrate Potassum Sulfate Sulfate (Alum1

/ I
I

70 NR 120 100 NR 225 225 225 225 225 225 140 150 225

j
;

-

NR

I

Cocoanut

120 NR

Copper Chloride 1Copper Copper Cyanide Fluortde NItrate Sulfate -___ 7

NR NR 70t 70t 7ot

75 75 275 275 275 NR 70 70 I 275 275 275 212t 230t I 275 275 275 275

j I I
I

i 120t , 70 1 212 ;;: ’
275 275 275 275 NR 212t 275 275

/ Butyl Acrylate / n-B&y Alcohol 1set-Butyl Alcohol ‘j F;f;;$A;rhol ~sec.Butylamlne
1 tert-Butylamlne Butylene T___ Butyl Bromide

I Copper
1 copper

/

+

+
275 120t 250t 275 NR NR 70 275 275

corn 011 Cottonseed CreSOl I 011

i /

70

Formaldehyde Formx Acld Fuel Oil FUrane Furfural Gall~c Acjd GasGas-

I ,

1Alummum
Aluminum

’ AmmontaiDryGasi i
Ammoma Aqua (30%) Ammonium Blfluorlde Ammonium Carbonate Chloride Fluorlde(25%1 Hvdroxlde Nltrate Phosphate

/ , ~ / / 1 ( , I

I /

Cresy”c AC’d Crotonaldehyde
-T,,

NR NR 225

Butyl Chloride Butylphenol

’ Butyrlc
n-Bury

j Crude 011 ~i”ie( Cyclohexanol
Cyclohexanone ~ Dextrln /

t / ’ I
70 NR 150t 120t 12vt

275 275 150 70 2301 70 275 70 275 70

NR Manufactured Natural Leaoed Unleaded Sour ---I--

t

Aud Mercaptan Blsulfate Blsulflde Carbonate Chlorate Chloride Hydroxide Hypochforlte(PO%l Hypochlorltef94%1 Nitrate Sulfate

225 225 225 225 225 225 225

! Ammonium
1 Ammonwm Ammonium Ammomum Ammonlum

1 275 I 275
212 275

1Calaum
Calcum Calcium Calcum Calclbm Calcium Calcium Calcium Calcwm Calcium

c
I
1

GasolineGasolmeGasolineGlUCOSe

225 225 225 225

, Dfesel
Dethyl

Dlacetone Alcohol ---/-Fuels Cellosolve + Dtethylamine

I :

NR NR NR 225 225 150t

275 275 275 275 275 275 70 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 250 212 212 275 275 275 275 212 757 120t 275

’ 1 j I I /

Glyceme Glycol ~Glycol~c Aad Heptane HeXarle Hydrlodrc ACE 48$, Aced i50% Acid 12%) Acid flO%l Acid 120X,! Acfd Cone l3E%I Acid Hydrobromlc Hydrochlonc Hydrochlonc Hydrochlonc Hydrochlonc Hydrocyamc p-e

i

275 275 125 275 275 120

I

Ammorxum Sulfate Amyl Acetate Amyl Alcohol Amyl Chloride

4
120 225 275 275 275 275 225

Dlethyl Ether cDlethyleneTrlamme Dlglycollc Dllsobutyl Acid Ketone

120

i 1 NR (
140t 120 NR 70t 225 225 225 225 70t NR Acid 70

LAnlflne
AnttmonyTr!chlonde Aqua Regla Arsenrc Acld BarNurn Carbonate Barurn Chloride

’ / /

c
(Wet1 (Dry)

70t 70t 275 275 275 275 275

Capryl~c Acid Carbon Dloxlde Carbon Dloxlde Carbon Dlsulllde CarbonTetrachlorlde castor 011 CellOSOlVe Chlorine L,qwd Chlorine (5% I” Ccl.1 Chlor,neWater(Saturated) Chlorine Chlorine Gas [Wet or Drvi Dloxlde (15%i Acld !50%1

:
150t 15ot NR

150 275 275 70t 275 275 275 212 212t 212t

Dtabutylene DImethyl Amne I_ Dimethyl Formamtde Dlmethyianllme DImethyl p-Dtoxane Dtstllled Water Phthalate

i I I
__)

70

701 2121 275 NR NR 70 70 NR

/ 1 J ’

150t NR 75 140 150 225 185 175 150

120t 225 NR NR / : I j 225 _----t_ 120t i

I

Barwm f-lydroxlde Banurn Sulfide Benzaldehyde Benzene BenzeneSulfomc Benzac Acid Benzyl Alcohol Benzyl Chloride Black Liquor Borax Boric Aad --

I NR / -+ -120t 70t NR NR

~ 275
NR

/
1

140t 120t 100

Eplchlorohydrm

HydrofluorlcAc,d(35$1 Hydrofluorlc Hydrofluorlc Hydrofluoslllclc Yydrogen Yydrogen Chloride Cyanide Peroxtde 130%) (Dry1 Acid (70%) Aud I1 00%) Acid

; ’ i

125 170 120 230 275 275 275 275 275

~

Esters Ether

;

150t

4

NR NR NR NR NR NR

1Ez;.srtate i Ethyl ~Ethyl
Alcohol Chloride Bromide NR 275 230 230

1 1

7. 140 140t 140 70

160t
70t 225 225

Hydrogen Hydrogen +iydrogen iydrogen ,ydroge”

Chloroacettc Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chlorcsulfonlc

Ethylene

Acid

-

NR

-

/ EthyleneChlonde ! EthvleneChlorohydrln

I

NR NR 70

PerOxIde l90$1 Phosphlde Sulftde (Dry1

j

70

/ I

7o
140

(continued)

TABLE 1.55:

POLYPROPYLENE

AND POLYVINYLIDENE

FLUORIDE

LINED PIPING SYSTEMS-RESISTOFLEX
(OF
POW Chembc,l -

(continued)

,
Ck.“ld

“SE IRE

T
PVDF

PVDF

&y

D~0P”l-A

Ch.mul

It”“.‘,

Hydrogen

SulftdelWetl Acid NR 70t

275 275 150t 170 1 Sot 212t

Monochlorobenzene Morpholme Naphtha Naphthalene Nickel Nickel Nickel Chloride Nitrate Sulfate 70 225 225 225 225

Hywchlorous lodlne(Dryi IodmeiLiqutd) lodme (Wet; lodoform

150 NR 275 212 275 275 275 70 250t m 150 100 (70%~ 190%) 70 NR _NA_ 50 NR 120 70 140 NR NR 70 170 130 120 120 NR 120 70 170 120t 212t 275 275 250t NR 120 275 230 275 275 / i

Potaswm Potassium Potassium Potaswm Potasswm Potaswm Potaswm Potaswm Potaswm Potaswm Potassium

Chlorate Chlorlae Cyamde Dlchromate Ferrocyanlde Hydroxide Nttrate Permanganate Permanganate Sulfate Sulfide :20%1

225 225 225 225 225 225 225 140 225 225

275 275 275 275 275 212t 275 250 250 275 275 275 120 NR NR 120t

Sour Crude 011 Stanmc Chloride Stannous Stoddard Sulfur Sulfur Chloride Sulfur Sulfur Dxhlonde Dloxlde Chloride s Solvent Stearlc Acid

275 225 225 120t 275 275 275 250t 140 NR 250t 70t 70t 170 NR 225 225 200 175 150 140 125 70 IOleum) NR t50t 250 230 230 230 170 150 130 120 NR 212t 275 230t 250t 275 NR

Jet Fuel - JP4and Kerosene Ketones

JP5

NR NR 70

212 275 NR 125t 125

NlCOtlne

Lactvz Acid
Laur~c Ac!d

Nlcotlmc Acid
N~trlcAcld(Z%) NltrlcAcld(lO%) Nltrlc Acid !30%1 NltrlcAcld150%1 Nltrlc Acid - Cone Nltnc Acid NltrlcAc!d Nltrobenzene Nitrogen Dloxlde Actd N~tromethane Fummg

120%)

140

4

Sulfur Trloxide
Sulfuric Sulfuric Sulfuric Sulfuric Acid (5%) Acid (10%) Acid (30%) Acid (50%~ !60%1 i76%1

Lactx Acid ,60%1 Lard 011 Lauryl Chloride

70

275 230t 250t 275 250t 250t 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 250t 250t 275 250t 250t 250t

150
225 NR 140 011 Carbonate Chloride Hydroxide NItrate Sulfate 70 225 225 225 225 225 140 NR n-Butyl

Propane Propyl Alcohol Propylene Pyndlne Pyrogallol Refrlgewlts Sahcyl~c Ac!d Sea wzter Oxide

c Lead

Acetate

Sulfuric Acid
Sulfuric Sulfuric Sulfunc Sulfunc Sulfurous Tall 011 Tann~c Acld Tartar~c Acjd Tetraethyl

Lemon 011 L~noletc Acid Linseed 011 Lubncatmg Magnewm Magnesium Magnesium Magnewm Magnesium Malelc Acid Maltc Acld Mercaptan Mercuric Mercunc
I-

-Sulfuric

Acid 50

Acld (93%; Acid 196%) Acid (96%) Acld - Fuming Acid

11 12 8 22 120 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 150 150 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 225 150t

212t 120 212 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 120 NR 212 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275

Sallcyl-aidehyde

;i NItro”s / i

Octane

Silver Cyamde
Sliver NItrate Sodturn Acetate Sodium Benzoate Bicarbonate Blsulfate Blsulflte Bromide Carbonate Chlorate Chloride Fluoride HydroxtdellO%l Hydroxide (50’ x I*+ I1 7%1”’ Sodturn Sodwm Sodwm Sodium Sodwm Sodium -Sodium Sodturn S&urn Sodwm

Octane Olelc Acid Oleum ‘Fuming Sulfuric Acldi NR 70 225 NR 225 NR _ 70t 70t 150 140 1 NR 225 ! ; 225 140 75t

i

Lead 150X, NR Phosphate Acid i tOh1 Acid NR NR 150t NR (50-501 225 NR NR 225 NR 140

Oxalic Acld Oxygen Ozone Paimltic Acid Perchlorethylene Perchlorlc Perchlorvz Phenol,lO%l Phenol llOO$, Phenylhydrazme Phosgene Phosphoric Phosphoric Phosphoric Phosphorus Phosphorus Phosphorus PentoxIde Trlchlorlde IGas 8 LIquIdI Acid 130%) Actd (52%) And 165%) Ac,d (lO%l Acld(72%) Gas

:

!

Telrahydrofuran Terramethyl Hydroxide TOlUerla Tnbutyl Trlchloroacetlc Trlchloroacetlc Tr~chloroethylene Trlethylamlne Trtsodlum Turpentine UDMH-Hydrazlne urea (50%) VarSOl Vmyl Acetate water White Acid (Ammonium Dtfluonde xytene Zinc Chloride Zmc NItrate zmc Sulfate 8 HCI; NR 225 225 225 Phosphate Ammonium

Chloride Chloride

(40%1

140 225 150t 225 70t (50%) 140 NR 75t NR 70 120 70 NR 225 70 __ ._

212t 170 70 75t 75 275 120 275 275 70 250t 250t 250t 275

Mercur~cCyan~de Mercuric Mercury Methane MethaneSulphonlcAc!d Nttrate

+

275 275 275 i12t 275 275 275 150 tzot NR 120 NR 70 212t

Sodturn Cyamde

1

Methyl Methyl Methyl

Alcohol Bromjde Cellosolve

275 250 230 212t

Sodaurn Hypochlorlte Sodium Sodium Sod!“m Sodwm Sodium Sodium Sodwm Sodwm Sodium Sodium NItrate NItrIte Peroxlde Phosphate Sltlcate Sulfate Sulfide Sulfite Thlosulfate

Hypochlorlte(ZO%Y’

Methyl Chlonde Methyl Chloroform Methyl Methyl Ethyl Ketone Sulfuric Acid Ketone

i-

-

c

-I--I

I i

212t 212 70t 275 275

Methylene Milk Mineral

Chloride

Methyl-isobutyl 011

jl

Phthallc AcldiOrthol PICNICAcid Polyvnyl potaswm Potawum Acetate Bromide Carbonate for “se at htgher

I j I I

70t 140 75 225 225

250t 212t 275 275 275

Monoethanolamme t Maximum temperature

I

275 NR -

at publication in anhydrousconditlon I” processes where

consult

1

275

factory

temperature? type reactlow

-_

___~ *** Polypropylene from NR Not the IS not recommended of sodium severely where tree chlorine IS present as a residual reactant

* Not ** Not

recommended recommended

as m “Frledel-Crafts”and mercury amalgam 1s formed

alkylatlon

formatnon

hypochlorlte

or from

deCOmDOSltlon

recommended

affected

220

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.56:

ACETAL,

NYLON

AND

POLYESTER

RESINS-DU

PONT

DELRIN Resists weak Resists weak

Acetal

Resins in strong for strong ethers, acids. alkalies. oil, greases,

Acid

Resistance

acids (pH 4). Not recommended bases (pH 9). Not recommended

Basic Resistance Solvent Resistance

Excellent resistance to a wide variety of solvents, gasoline and other petroleum hydrocarbons.

ZYTEL Acid Resistance

Nylon

Resins

Base Resistance Solvent Resistance

Limited. Attacked by strong acids. General order of resistance 612>66> copolymers or 6. Excellent at room temperature. Attacked by strong bases at elevated temperatures. Generally excellent. Some absorption by such polar solvents as water, alcohols, and certain halogenated hydrocarbons causing plasticization and dimension changes.

RYNITE Acid Resistance

Polyester

Resin

Base Resistance Solvent Resistance

Good at room temperature. Attacked by strong and weak acids at elevated temperatures. Good at room temperature. Attacked by strong and weak bases at elevated temperatures. Excellent resistance to a wide variety of fluids such as gasoline, motor oil, transmission fluid, hydrocarbons and organic solvents. Some absorption by ketones and esters causes plasticization and small dimensional changes.

Synthetic Resins and Polymers TABLE 1.57: EPOXY, FLUOROPOLYMER AND POLYETHYLENE RESINS-DURIRON

221

DURCO Durco Designation DURCON DURCON
Olrrrn --.__ TFF

NON-METALLICS
Max. Service Temperature eooxv 215O 225O 400° 400° F (102O C) F (1070 C) F” (204O C) F (2040 C) F (93O C)

Durco Symbol DU6 D700
TFF

Description Silica filled epoxy Glass fiber reinforced
T~trnfltlnrnPthylene .
__._..I_.__...

6 700

-

polymer

Durco PFA Durcothene

PFA UMPE

1 1
1

I
*Most Durco equipment totally lined with TFE

Perfluoroalkox y polymer Ultra high molt ecular weight polyethylene
F (149OCI.

I

200°

is limited to 300°

__rr_.

.

. .

.._._

I

,

I

ynn-r

silver nitrate

IG&E Ic Is

IE

Ferrous sulfate

Formaldehyde’

E
G

S
G

E

E E E E E

Formic acid Glvocrin. crude

E
E G E E

G E E E

s E E E

I

HCL waste pickle liquor •cid>15~F65°Ct

Hvdrochloricacidc150°F&50CI Hvdrochloric

_.. ___.___ jW
/Lactic acid Lead acetate

r-1

I

I

IG IP
1G 1; IG 1;

Ii
IE IE

1:
IE JE

(continued)

222

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.57:

EPOXY,

FLUOROPOLYMER

AND POLYETHYLENE

RESINS-DURIRON

(continued)

I

I

I

I

,

Sodium

bisulfate

I

E

/

E

E-1

E-1

_Mangawse chloride Mercur,c chloride Mercuric nrtrate Mercuric sulfate

E E G E 7-E

E E G EiE IE7ElF

E/E E E

E E E 1

I Mercuvcus sulfate

Nftric acid. all strengths Nitric acrd + 3%. Nitrobenzene Oleic acid Oleum Oxalic acid Phenol Phosphoric acid 1 +2%H,SOd.l%HF _ . c Phosphoric acid, all strengths Picric acid Phthalic acid Potassium bisulfate Potassium chloride Potassium hvdroxide 5% HF

G P S IP (P

S’E P (E E E

SI G P 1P G P

jG(GjEjG IGIGIE iElPiE

I
G

I
S

I
E E E E E G E E E E E E I Tar and ammonia TSlSrEl El

tSlPlEtE1

GGE GGEE E E S

E = Excellent - Virtually unattacked under all conditions. G = Good - Generally S = Satisfactory - Suitable under Some conditions: not recommended for remainder. for details. P = Poor - Unsuitable under ah conditions.

acceptable with a few limitations. Consult The Duriron Company,Inc,

Synthetic Resins and Polymers TABLE 1.58: ISOPOLYESTER, RESINS-AMOCO
Comparison

223

HALOGENATED CHEMICALS

AND BISPHENOL

A POLYESTERS,

AND VINYL

ESTER

of commercial

corrosion

resistant

resins

after

one year

immersion

The lengths of the bars reflect the tested performance of the resins after one year in the indicated environments. The Composite Ratings are the ten year performances projected from the 1, 3, 6 and 12 month evaluations. All laminates were made according to ASTM Method C581 with a glass fiber content of 25f2%. To assure high quality, the ATLAC-based laminates were supplied by ICI United States. The other laminates were fabricated in the laboratory.

Flexural
psi 0

Strength
1 cl.000

Flexural
I
80

Modulus
600.000 I 4000

I I
MPa 0

I
20

5.000 I

I

I
60

I

15.000 I I
100

I
120

20.000 I I
140

I
160

25.000 I

3
3

40

200,000 400.000 I I I I I 1000 2000 3000

I

5000

I

800.000 1

6000

I

l.Ooo.oKJ I 7000

I

8000

I

224

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.58:

ISOPOLYESTER, RESINS-AMOCO

HALOGENATED AND BISPHENOL CHEMICALS (continued)

A POLYESTERS,

AND VINYL

ESTER

Barcol Hardness
0 I 10 I 20 I 30 I 40 I 50 I 60 I

Composite Ratings

H,O at 71°C 5% HNO,at 71°C 5% HCI at 71 “C 25% H,SO. at 71°C X2 Fuel Oil at 23°C Ethyl Gasoline at 23°C Unleaded Regular at 23°C Benzene at 23”C/time to failure

excellent good good good excellent excellent excellent 1 year

H,O at 71 “C 5% HNO, at 71 “C 5% HCI at 71°C 25% H,SO. at 71 “C X2 Fuel Oil at 23°C Ethyl Gasoline at 23°C Unleaded Regular at 23°C Benzeneat 23”C/time to failure

good excellent good good excellent excellent excellent 3 months

HI0 at 71°C 5% HNO,at 71°C 5% HCI at 71°C 25% H,SO, at 71 “C #2 Fuel Oil at 23°C Ethyl Gasoline at 23°C Unleaded Regular at 23°C Benzene at 23”C/time to failure

good acceptable excellent excellent excellent excellent good 6 months

H,O at 71 “C 5% HNO,at 71°C 5% HCI at 71 “C 25% H,SO, at 71 ‘C X2 Fuel Oil at 23°C Ethyl Gasoline at 23°C Unleaded Regular at 23°C Benzene at 23”C/time to failure

good excellent good excellent excellent failure acceptable 1 month

H,O at 71°C 5% HNO, at 71 “C 5% HCI at 71°C 25% H,SO, at 71 ‘C X2 Fuel Oil at 23°C Ethyl Gasoline at 23°C Unleaded Regular at 23°C Benzene at 23”C/time to failure

acceptable good acceptable good excellent excellent good 6 months

1. ICI United States

2. Dow Chemical Company

3. Hooker Chemical Corporation

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

The data shows results under Test Procedure ASTM D.543, “h&tante of Plastics to Chemical Reagents.” This method requires molded two-inch diameter disc specimens to be placed in a separate container and totally immersed for 168 hours (seven days) at 73.2”F. Appearance, weight and dimensional changes are noted as evidence of chemical attack. To obtain information on chemical resistance at elevated temperatures, these immersion studies were repeated at 50°C (122°F) and the results are set forth under the column “Heat Reduces Resistance.”

The rating of certain reagents is followed by the designation ( t ). This designation indicates that the reagent was applied to a bar specimen which was then placed in a bending jig and held under constant 29& outer fiber strain at 23°C (73°F) for 72 hours.
TEST CLASSIFICATIONS ‘73” - Resistant. No visual change
“MR” “X” ModeratelV Not ReSiStSnt. Resistant Some WRS observed visual in the plastic for 1”” duratoon of the test. (discoloration. crazmg. checking) occurred. by the end of the test.

change

The plastic was severely crazed. or was softened.

or was d6solved

Chemical Resistance of Lustrex and Lustran Plastics
~LUSTREX” POLVSVYRENE~ LUSTRAN’ SAN lLUSTRAN ABS LlJSTREX*POLVSTVRENE 73-F Acids Acetic l-5% Acetic 25% Acetic 50% Acetic Glacial 100% Benroic Boric ButYric Carbolic 50% Carbolic 100% R MR’ MR x R’ R MR’ x A” Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes R R R x R R x x R NO NO Yes NO NO No j R R R X R A X H#st Reduces Resistance LUSTRANa 73-F SAN LUSTRAN 73-F ASS tImat Redwas Rnistanw

!
!

X R

Chromic 20% Chromic Sulfwc Acid Mixture

(

Alcohols Ally1 n-AmVl Benzovl Benzyl Butoxyethanol n-Butyl SK-BUWI Ten.-Butyl MR’ R’ x R’ IR IR” MR MR” Yes
YSS

x R R A MR R IR R x IR -

Yes Yes Yes NO No Yes -iXI Yes -

X R X R R -

Yes Yes Yes Y%S Yes

I

Cetvl Cyclohaxanol Oecyl Diacetone

1

R R -

I

Octanoic Oleic 1 DO% Oxalic 10% Palmitic

MR R’ MR

Yes Yes NO

R R R

Yes NO NO

R R -

I 2.Ethoxvethanol Ethyl (denatured) Ethyl Formula 30 Ethvl 95%

X -

(continued)

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

Methylamyl Nonyl WOCtYl

R R R

Yes NO NO

R R

NO

-

Dlmethylformamade Dlphenylawne nl~th”lrnrtrlmlne Dlephenylemmine (Carbazole) Ethylenedaamme lsopropylamlne Pel-WlFlm,ne Twhopropanolamme Trlethylenetetramme Cosmetics LallOlln ’ Alkalies Ammonia Ammonia (cont.) (aqueous) Hydroxide R YeS R NO R R Yes R R Perfume Alcohol 5DA40

1 x
1 x Yea _ I MR MR _ -

Ix
IX I -

-

-

R -

NO No -

X X

/ 1

R -

1 /

-

1 MR” 1
R’ MR” X

Yes _

R -

No -

-

Cyclopsraffins Cyclohexane Methylcyclohexane R R No R -

(continued)

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

LUSTREX‘POLVSlYRENE Group 73.F Peooer
_r

LUSTRAN” 73-F Rt

SAN

LUSTRAN

ABS

nut Rsducaa Rssinsnsr

nut Rsdacss Flaaistsnu NO NO NO NO -

n-r
R R -

Foods
L

Black Butter Carrot

(fresh)
,

I

X R NO Yes Yes .__ R R _

R R R Pt

Juice

Catsup C*la#., C*l* Che...__ Chicken Glycol Dibutyl Mono&hyl Phthalate Ether) 1 x _ Ix jx X X Chicken Cinnamon, \~______I Graw SVYr pwd. fconc.l ,uv,vu.,

1
I-

R”

Yes

I Ix
R R R

NO No

I -I
R R -

1

Clove 011 Coca-Cola Coca-Cola Cocoa Coconut Cod Liver Oil Oil Extract Butter

_ _.. _.

R R MR” MR Yes Yes NO Yss Yes

1 MR

1

R

1

R

Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl lsoamyl

Benzoate Chloroacetate Lactate Salicylate Acetate Acetate Acetate Benzoate Laurate (Bourbon) Oil Fat Gravy (Over I,*irm 3.2% alcohol)

x _ X x x MR R” R -

_ _ Yes -

x x -

_ -

X X X X X ii R R R Crirco Fountam Chew, Syrups Chocolate, /hIA R” R” R” MR Ale Ale Juice Extract Juice R R MA’ Yes Yes YeS NO NO -

Isopropyl Methyl Methyl Methyl Foods Alcohol Almond Bacon Beef Beer m-0,

I

1 I

R R R R Rt R R R

No -

1 I
I

R R R -

Orsnee, Root Bear, StraWbarrY, Vanilla Garlic Gin Ginger Ginger Grape Salt

R Fl R Rt R

NO NO -

Grapefruit

(continued)

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

(Curtis) Lard Lean Beef Lemon Emulsion Flavoring 1 IMR Ix

A R MR X

Yes NO -

R -

NO No -

R -

Lemon Juice, Fresh Lemon Oil and Peel

1
Ix

R

1 I

R

-

Leaves, Caraway Seed. Celery Seed. Cinnamon Coriander (Stick), (Whole).

Cumin Seed, Dill Seed, Fennel Seed (Whole), Marjoram. Mustard

[ Parsley Flakes

-

-

IRt

-

-

Synthetic Resins and Polymers 229

0
4

ZtL,

s ::
I I

ILrclElLLILl

I

I

UC=

I

I ==

t; 3

I
I

1

IIIlIIIIIIIII nflslll zol I

I

I

I I I z”P

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

LllSYREX* , SMP Hydrocarbons. Chlok Ethanol 73-F

WLYSYYRENE nm nducm Raistanu -

LUSTRAN’ 73’F x x x x -

SAN

LUSTRAN 73-F

ASS

Ihat Reduces tksistanu

Halogensted
x X X X X X X X

Chloroform a-Chloronaphthalene Chloropropane o-Dichlorobenzene P-Dichlorobenrene Dethylene Chloride (gas &

Ethyl Chlonde

Acetophenetldm Adrenalin Adrenalin Aspwn, Hydrochlonde m 011 pwd.

R” R” R” R

NO Yes NO NO

-

_

-

-

-

-

Trichlorobenzene Trichloroethane Ttichloroeth,ylene Tnchloropropene Katonas Acetone Acetophenone 8 Ethers

x x -

-

x x -

-

X X Gum Acacia, pwd. R R U.S.P.) YES Yes ij -

Gum Tragacanth Iodine Iodine 83% (T~ncfure

1 IX _ -

X _

x x

-

x x

-

X X

Mentholatum Menthol Crystals

I
/x

A

(continued)

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

LUSTREX’ GWlp Pharmaceuticals Mercurochrome Mercury Merthiolate, Novocain Omtment. Ml?” tincture (2% and 4%) MR” R R R R MR R R’ Ammomated MR 13-F

POLYSTYRENE Flea1 Reduces Resistance

LUSTRAN’ 73-F

SAN

LUSTRAN 73-F

ASS

T

!LUSTREX’

POLYSTYRENE, Haat Raducos Resistance _ NO NO Vnr Yes .1_ I”” -

LUSTRAN’

SAN

LUSTRAN 73-F -

ABS

Hut Reduc@s Resistance

CKIUP
Salts
I

73’F

1 : 73’F
I

Heat Reduces,
Resistance NO

Yes NO Yes NO Yes NO Yes

R R

-

R -

Cadmium Calcwm Calcium Calc,,.Calcium Calcium Calcwm Ceslu -

Stearate Elromlde Chloride Y ..^^_ &.,^.,A^ nypocnlc ,rite Oxide Sulfate 25% Sol me. pwd

/ R R L”0 R n n -

1 I ,1
1

R

R NO _ No R

I , 1

_
R R R R

, i 1
iR ,R ‘R ‘R I

Pectin, sat. Penicillm Petroleum P*trolaum G Jelly

0 n
R

&I^ I.”
-

__ Jell” I, _ ,bolated car n..;uullline rrra-hnin. .,.‘,“.‘.....” S,df.dia.inP __ ___-. a”,,“, n .^._ _..* “1IIIIIITIII
C..I‘..-

Yes N” .._ Yes
Nn

-

1 MR” ..aq

I -

-

1 I /

R

.I
8”” No

..”

R -

1

Copper Copper Cupric Cupnc Cuprous Dlphenyl

“xloe Sulphate Chloride Sulfate Oxide Oxide e..,‘... 25% 25%

n MR _ R X X D.

n

I.”
_ No

I?
R R R

No V..*

1 I ;

R 1 -

Ethylene Oxide Ferric Amm__...Femc -’ Ferrous ~n,or,qe. Ferrous Sulfate Ferrous Sulfite Hydrogen Ammonium Salt. Sulfide sat.

-

_


sag. 25% n MR x R’
MH ..n.

I”0
NO Y8S
-

R R R -

,es NO Ye5
L,.

,
‘A

R R

1

Hydroqulnone.

I

I

I

I

Hydroqumone. Lead Acetate
LrdU -r>er1015

4%. sat

/_

I

-

__A A.____._
Bromide Carbonate Chloride

lllll

L.D..
R’ R R’ R’

n

I”0
-

j-

Lead NItrate Magneswm Magneswm Mercury 5% ov,d

Yes NO NO Yes Yes

I j
,_

-

1
1

-

R R

No No

-

:

-

IR

MR’

j

R

No

I 1 I

_ -

/

(continued)

TABLE

1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

LUSTREX*POLYSlYRENE Group Salts Potasswm Sulfate. Potaswm Potasswm Potassum Potassium Potassium Potassium Potawum Potassium Potassium .zilt Aluminum sat. Bxarbonate Bwlfate, Bromate Bromide 3% Chloride Chrome Alum. Ferricyamde Iodide. sat Permanganate. MR’ NO sat. R MR” R MR” R” R’ R’ Yes NO NO Yes Yes Yes 73.F Haat Rldua Resist*nu

LUSTRAN* 73-F

SAN

LUSTRAN 73’F

ASS

Ifeat Reducn Rasistanu

R R R R R R

No NO NO _ NO NO Yl?S

R R _ R

Sodwm

NItrate

-

-

j

R

-

(continued)

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

LUSTREX’POLVSNRENE GKIUP Miscellaneous Benzomtnle Benzyl Benzoate 73’f Heat Rduca Resirtuw.9

LUSTRAN” 73’F -

SAN

LUSTRAN 73’F X X

ABS

LUSTREXaPOLVSNRENE Group Miscellaneous P-Cymene DDT Decahydronaphthalene Detergents Detergent Der0r”n Diethyl Carbonate Joy (5%) x Rt _ Yes NO No NO Yes Ix I73-F HIat R#duces Rnistancs

LUSTRAN‘ 73-F R R Ri R Y R -

SAN

LUSTBAN 73-F X Fit R

ABS

Heat RDducDs Rnistrncs -

Heat Roducm Resistmu Yes NO NO No -

1MR”
R Flutd 4 R R x MnO. R 3%. sat. MR” MR IX

I

X X X X Y R X -

I

NN-Diethyl-M-Toluidine DimethVl Sulfate N,N-D~methylaniline n,nrilnn Distalled Water Dow Corning Dowtherm A D~v Cell Solution and N&Cl Elan (Photoa.) Ethylcellulose N-Ethvlaniline Eugenol Flit, insecticide Freon II Dow Cornmg Fluid 200

1MR

1 -

-

I

x

Colloidal Sulfur Cottonseed Oil Cresolic Compounds

MR” Ml7 MR’

Yes -

R R -

NO NO -

R R X

(continued)

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

L
I
TVdOl Motor Mr. Oil-Sunoco

USTRAN

AB!

73'F

MR”

NO

R

-

R

x

-

clean ..-.-_____

R” R”

-

IIFI
-

-

X X X R X R -

Nepnthslsne Base Gear O+Telachron lsobutyronitrile Ivory Soap Lactose, sat. Lestoil R” Yes R R I X I Nitroglycerin Nitromethene m-Nitrotoluene Nitrous Oxide Nqol ‘Oil of Anise Seed Clove Lilac (Aflificlal) Nutmeg Peppermmt Roses Rose Geranium. Sandalwooc Sassafras. Spearmint. Sweet

Ix

-

R” R X

Yes I

R

_

-

Mesityl Metalltc Metalltc

Oxide Mercury Sodium (powder)

MR” R” -

-

R

-

X -

c

Almond, Oil-Light

Wrntergreen Machme

dl-Methionine

E

X WR” R’ WR WR” R ‘4R” R HR” _ HR’

x x x x x x x

- I1 - - 1
iR -

-

/x
‘X

~1

1
-

/I-

-

Olive 011

Ozone (abs of light)

No _ No Yes NO Yes Yes NO

IR R R x -

No NO No -

Palm Oil Paraff I”

R

Paraffl” 011 Para 011 Pentasol Phenol 5% Morpholine Moth Flakes Yes IX -

X X -

1

R

Phenylacetomtrlte Phosohorous. White

1 MR”

(continued)

TABLE 1.59:

POLYSTYRENE,

SAN AND ABS PLASTICS-MONSANTO

(continued)

LUSTREX’ Group Miscellaneous Pine Needle Oil Ix x 73’F

POLVSTVRENE flea1 R&ms Resistmn IX

LUSTRAN’ 73-F x

SAN

LUSTRAN 73-F -

AES

Heat Reduces Rmsistanu -

1

-

‘Impact materials less resistant. “Impact materials not tested. tTested under 2% constant strain. ttComposition

may vary, each formulation should be checked individually.

(White Sulfur Tenite

Spirits) (Moist)

x R” R x x x x IR

Yes NO

R x x R -

NO No

R X -

I

Sucrose 30%
Dioxide Tetrehydrofuran Tetralin Texaco 3-In-One Thmyl Tobacco Motor Oil Chloride Tars Oil

Triethanolamine

(

R’

1

R

j

ii

236 TABLE

corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook 1.60: POLYVINYL CHLORIDE, POLYPROPYLENE KEY
to
the

AND POLYETHYLENE

FABRICATIONS-ATLAS

c
H

80°F.
“p

R
C

RECOMMENDED CONDITIONAL may be suit_ able but ConsuIt Atlas before w3ng. NOT RECOMMENDED

temperature t~mta-

,,on 01 the material I” cases where chern~~al bolls belowth,s IimItatIon. resistance 15 Intended to beshownuptothebolltng pomt

N

RIGID PLASTIC

FABRICATIONS

CHCHCHCH Acetaldehyde Acettc Acehc Alum Alumrnum Alummum Alumrnum Ammonrum Ammonrum Ammonium Ammonrum Amy1 Acetate Amy1 Alcohol Anrline Aqua Regra Barrum Chlorrde Barlum Barrum Hydroxrde Nrtrate Chlorfde Nrtrate Sulfate Chlonde Hydroxrde Nitrate Sulfate acrd. up to 10% acrd. glacral N R R R R R R R R R R N R N R R R R R N sulfonrc acrd R R N -A R R N i R;R C N N NtN N N R R N R N R N R N N C C acrd. 10% R N;N R ,R N R R.R R H R’R R R A N:N R N R N R R R R R A R N’C CiR N R,R R:R R’R R’R R R R R.R N~tN RI-R---N R + R R R A N,C RR N R Chlorrne Chlorrne gas, wet water acid

CHCHCHCH N R R N N acrd. up to 5% ~acrd. 10% actd. 20% acrd, 50% and over R R R R R R R R actd C N N _ NlN R C N N A R R’R C R’R R,R R R’R N./C N N R N R A N N R R NON R.N C C N N.C R R.R R N R’R R R R-R N’N NNNNNN N N C N’C N R R R N R C N;N N1.N N/C N-:C N[C N’R N’R N;R N +_f4 R’R R:R RjR RiR N N N N N N N C N N N R R R R N

c -. . R i R R:R R R;R R RIR R:R R N C R R R R R R C R R R R N A R N C

Chloroacetic Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chromic Chromrc Chromic Chromrc

Crtrrc acid Copper Copper Copper Chlonde Nnrate Sulfates

R,R.N

Drchloroacehc Drch!orobenzene

RCNNNNN R R.R RIR C!R N R I~ N R R R:-R R-R R,R C’R N R C N -. R,R R’R R R N.C N N R A R R R R N N

Drethyl

ether

Ethyl Acetate Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Sulfate Ethylene Ethylene Fluosiltcic Chloride Glycol acrd

N.pmmt N:N R N R C N: R

.R N R

N!N _ .___..~__.N -N:ti m-i

_. ~~~_ ~_~__~~R-.__R c-5

R.I__RJ I Rmc
C N’ R C N R N:C N. N N N

Barrum Sulfide Benzene Benzene Benzorc

R;R_R

Bone acid Bromrne Butyl Butyl Butync water

Formaldehyde Formic Gasoline Glycerine -~. --~ Gold Cyanide Hexane Hydrobromic Hydrochlonc Hydrocyanrc Hydrofluonc Hydrofluosrlicic Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen acrd

Acetate Alcohol acrd Chlonde Nrtrate Sulfate Bwlfite Chlorrde Hydroxtde Nrtrate Drsulfide Tetrachlorrde

i N,N

R R R ~_ _.~. R..~ __. ~.. R_ ~R __.i R _ .R R R R R R C .R~ C R ._~ R _N? R-- R, ~~ R N G

~~ .~p-_~-_j ~~_. ___.._.
R;R ~_~. CIR C;R _~__~_-____-_ R .j ~__ R/R --it__.. R R/R +

R R ~~_.. - ~_._.._._- .-

R!R C;R

C _~ C R C

N,C

Cadmrum Cadmrum Cadmtum Calcrum Calcrum Calcium Calcrum Carbon Carbon

R -.._ .T .___~_.___ RsR RIR RIR __ 7m-m CR ~_ _____~~~ R - C.?.. N -_*- NI R /_.__... R acid, 20% acid acrd. 10% acid, 3040% acid 50% _. gas, dry R ._ A - R;R .._--. R R R __c R -_i_-__~~ RIR RIR C;R ~__---t---~ R;R RiR _._ R ~. .-R,R R R __---_-i_~-_i_---_- R:R R ~.

R R

_

RIR I-_-

R/R R/R -mIm__t__-__

R C R

Peroxide, Sulfide Sulfide

gas, wet

Iron Chlorides Chlorrne gas, dry Iron Nitrates

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers TABLE 1.60: POLYVINYL CHLORIDE, POLYPROPYLENE AND POLYETHYLENE FABRICATIONS-

237

CHCHCHCH
Iron

~Potassium Nitrate

CHCHCHCH _____-

- --

Sulfates

Isopropyl Ether ..__ ’ N NLC_._N~LC_~mNPotassium Sulfate N + __ Kerosene _ R RR N:C N .._ ___.___ ~ ~_~~~_~~ mm_ ~~_ R’C ----+--_. i.Lactrc acid, 25% R R; R/R R _~ ~~______--_c -R A-_iRIR ._._~~. Salrcylrc acrd Lead Acetate R R;R R,R R’R R Lead Nrtrate Lrnseed Oil Magnesium Magnesium Magnesrum Magnesium Maleic acid Mercurrc Methyl Methvl Methyl Acetate Chloride Hydroxide .~~ Nrtrate Sultate R R R R R,R R’R R R: R RiR ~~~~- 1. ~-R!R CCR R’R R,R ~.~~ -__ R R R R C R _._ R Silver Nitrate Sodium Acetate

~~~~~-R N

RRR R R R R __.. ~~ ~_~_F~~!?! RIR ~~ R/R R’R Rj_R__R

R

R ~

R;R R?R -_R/R R’R R ,R “.._”

R

R .~~~_~ !R RIR R R !R

: R R

Sodrum Brcarbonate Carbonate Chlonde

__~~~~

..-

R R ~~._ R R RiR R

RRRRRR ...~~~~~~.__ R RRRRRR

~~.__~~Sodium
Sodium

1 RRI~R~_.RJ.

Acetate Alcohol Ethyl Ketone

R R’R ~~ _~.__+_-R CR ~_r 1J--F, R - .~_+._ RIR R R R ~~_-___ R’R N N/N NiN N;N N R R/R R’R RIR R

Sodlum Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodtum Soya Oil

Hydroxide, Hypochlortte, Hypochlorrte. Nitrate Sulfate Sulftde Sulfite Thiosulfate

30% and over up to 3% 15% and over R R RIR R’R R/R R

Nickel

Nitrate

R R R R

R/R R R

R/R RIR

Nickel _ _._._. Sulfate Nirtic acid, up to 5% Nitrtc acid, 20% Nrtric actd. 40% N!ric acid, 50% and~~~ over ~ Nrtrobenzene Oleic actd Oxalic acid acid. 10%

I

R R

R R

R R

Steanc

acid

Sulfur gas, ____.-. Dioxide __ ~__dry Sulfur Droxide gas, wet Sulfur Trioxide gas, dry

_~-------L--__--T~~~~~_

R R N:R _~_~_~ i CC ~,__ T ..~ N C mm-++ ~~~.. ~~ _ N : N N N NIC N ~~~~~~~~~~~._ N N’N NIC NIC N R R:R

~+

R&_RRCR

!

C Sulfuric acid, over 93% N N/N N C N N N

Perchloric Phenol Phosphonc Phosphorous Phosohorous Phthalrc

_

acrd actd Trtchlonde Tin Sulfate Toluene Brcarbonate Carbonate Chloride Cyanide _~. ___.~ FerncyanIde Ferrocyanide Hydroxide. Hydroxide, UP to 30% 30% and over R -..R R;R R!R R/R R ~__-_~,~~______~~~~~~_ ~~ ids ~~~ R RIR ___~_, IR _-._ RJR -...-._ R R A_ , R R’R ___ R -; _ ‘R $_ R_i .R-_ Trrchloroethylene Trrsodtum Tung 011 Urea Phosphate

actd

Picrrc acrd Potasstum Potasswm Potassrum Potassium Potassrum Potasstum Potassium Potassium

f?

238

Corrosion Resistant tWaterials Handbook VINYL,
C

TABLE 1.61:
Legend: X = Satisfactory

SILICONE
=

AND FLUOROELASTOMER MASTERFLEX
testing

TUBING-BARNANT Tables
V = VITON (fluoroelastomer) tubing
(vinyl) tubing tubing

Tubing Compatibility
T
S

Use only after

= TYGON
= Silicone

N = Not satisfactory I
Fluld to be
1

-

-

= No data available

pumped+
N N X C N C N N N N N X X X X X X X X X X X N N N X X X X acid actd X X X X X X X

blng

5

v
x
X X N N

IFluldto be pumper
Aolybdenum dtsulftde

ArrI<~ldehyde /wetdIes IlOW mol WtI ?CCIIC acid [less Ihan 5%l Acellc ;1Cld (more than 5’bl AcetIc nrlhydrlae Acrl0 “ItrIle .itrtone Aceryl bromide .Aceryl chlorrae All
UWVJIS

Cresol :yClOhexane >clohexanone 3acetone alcohol 3methyl lormamrde Essentral 011s Ethers Ethyl acetate Ethyl alcohol (Ethanol) Ethyl bromtde Ethyl chloride Ethylarnme Ethylene Ethylene Ethylene Ethylene chlorohydrln dlchlonde glycol oxrae

x
N N N --

.4onoerhanolarnme daphtha datural gas Jrckel salts dltrtc acrd (drluted) rlrtric sod [med cone) \11trrc dcrd Iconc) Qtrobenzene Jltrogen oxides Qtrous acid 311s. animal 311s. mmeral 31s. vegetable 3lerc actd 3XdllC acid 3xygen lgasl ‘erchlorlc acrd ‘erchloroethylene ‘henot ‘hosphonc @rthol ‘hthallc ‘olyglycol sod

r v - _x
X C X

ru

Fluldto be pumped

C

‘;i
X X

NC C

N

x x
X N C N

X

;i

c
N N N

x x
X N X X

C X C X

T

Allphatlc hydrocnrbon\ ?~“rn~num Alum~nurn Alurlls .Ammonld (gas. IlquldJ ~\mmon~“m acetxe Ammorwm ?mmonwm carbonxe hyarOxlae Chl0rrae sulphdte

N

x
N

x
N

x
X N

C C

Y
X I X X ;i X

Farry acids Femc chloride Frrrrc sulrate Ferrous chloride Ferrous sulfate Fluoborate salts Fluoborrc acrd Flue-SI~ICIC acta Formaldehyde FormlC wd Frron Gdsolrne (nondromr)clcJ

c c c c c
---C

x x x x

N

x

C

acid

‘lattng solutrons N N C X X ‘otasslum ‘otaswum ‘otaswm ‘otasstum (CO”Cl ‘otasslum ‘pdlne carbonate chlorate hydroxide

x
X -

X

x
X X X X X N X X

X

Xylene (Xyloll Zlrlc ihlorrde

N X

N -

X x

C
N N N

x
X -X X X -N

x

Uquehd food producu

Ty9on “food”

(med concl hydroxide Iodide

4n111rir h>arvchiorlae 4rlIlmon\’ I&S A4”d regra (75% hyarochlortc. 25% “llll‘ dCldJ ?rorrlatlc hydrocarbons hrsenlc Bnwm salts \rllts

Gasoline (hrgh aromatlcrtyj GlUCOSf? Glue Glycerme Hyarlourc dcrd

x x N N N N N N

x x x x
X X X X X X

~tlrcone flurds ;&one 011 jllver nttrate joap solutrons jodrum jordum jodwm jodrum Sodrum iodlum Sodrum iodtum Sodrum btcarbonate blsullate brsulrite borate chlorate chlorrde ferrocyantde hydrosulfite hydroxrde

c
x x
X X X X X

x

Hydr@bromlC Hydrochlorrc

x x
X X X X Milk ot maqnesra

Hydrochlonc acid (rned concj Hydrochlorrc (concJ dcla Hydrocyaw acrd acid

Berwldehyde Benzene ~erizenwlon~c Benzorc aCla Benlyl dliohol Ble‘ichlng Ilquors Bow dcra BrOlnl”e Bul‘lne

SOdrUm carbonate

Hydrofluorlc acid Hyarogen peroxlde Iail Hydrogen (COIILI Hydrogen peroxrde

x x
X -X -X X _C X X X X X

x

x x
N N N N N

x

x
X X -C X X

X X

N sulfide X X X N N N X X X _ chlorrde sulldte salrs X X X X X -

c
N X

Id4
Sodrum hydrcxlde (med concl Sodrum hydroxide lconcj Sodrum hypochlorrte Ibelow 5%) Sodrum hypochlorlte /above 5%) Sodlurn nrtrate Sodrum Sodrum Sodrum srlrcate sulhde sulphrte

IBuwr 101) HUlVllC dCld Calcium oxode (alluteal Cdlwm salt5 C3rbon brsulfrae Cdrbon arowde Carbon tetrdchlorrae Chlordceuc dcld Chlorine (wctj Clllorlne (dry1 Chlorooenrene C1110(obrornonlethdrle Chlotolwm Chlorosull0”lc acrri Chromic acra Chrom8”nl \dlts Copper S&S

Hypochloroul acid I0rJlne so1ut10ns Krrosrne Krrones Lacquer soIvents Ldctrc acrd Ledd acetate Lrnseed 011 Lrthrum hydroxrde 15%) Magnewm Maynewum M&c dcld

x
X N N

Uquclltd

hod

producu

x
N

Beer Butter Coca co13 syrup Coffee Lard hldzola

x
N

x
X

x
-ii X -

T 1

011

iManganese
,Merc”ry salts hlethdne

x x x N

x x x x x
X

X X
x x

Steam Iup to 40 pstl Stedrlc acid Styrene Sulrur Sulfur Sullur chlorrde dloxrde hexdlluorrde

Orange peel 011 Orange syrup Scotch whiskey Spry shortenmg Tdb concerltrdte Tla Marla liqueur Vegetable Vl”egar 011 X

c
X -

x
2

1 Methyl

rhlorlde ‘Mlxed dud (40% s”lph”rlc. 15% rlllrlcJ

c f-

x xJ

X

C

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

239

< .0 0

aueldaH
0 _._

0

auazuag
C <

uo!lnlos ap!xoJpAq wntpos
me 3lJOlWOJp~~

pawluasuog (%OL) PI= 3’Jl’N
<

(~~86) P9
.

3lJnw-s

/

1

z, JWeAlOd
>,,q&lu,ec(l

wwwQwwww~www~ww~wwww~wwwcJwwQ-wQ-uwww~w

LOW

99 WAN ‘S’H B ‘d.9

aw
wwaw
w
W waaw LLLWWLW

w

awwwaa
a

ww

waawwww
wwaw ww

aww
wuwaw

W=‘W~bd Odd ‘P’W euelAlS 0 c-9

0

a

w

a

a

u_ a

240

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.64:

VARIOUS

RESINS-GENERAL

ELECTRIC

Comparison

of Chemical

Resistance

of Six Plastics Resins % tensile retaineda Noryl phenylene Poly- oxide based Polyphenylsulfone4 resin2 ene sulfide5 100 91 0 100 35 79 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 92 100 100 100 95 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 70 55 100 100 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 loo 100 87 100 62 84 27 100 0 51 0 0 0 0 100 98 100 100 100 75 100 100 96 100 100 100 100 100 loo 100 100 100 100 loo 100 loo 100 100 100 loo loo loo 100 loo 100 100 100 100 04 64 100 100 100 100 100 49 65 96 100 80 93

NylonChemical
616’

Potycarbonate3 37 67 0 100 20 30 100 0 100 100 100 100 98 7 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 48 0 48 94 74 100 0 0 0 0 0 0

Phenolic

Acids i

!
Bases 1 / lnorgallic
10%

10% acetic Glacial acetic Acetic anhydride Lactic Benzene sulfonic 88% formic 10% WI 37% I-ICI 10% HNO, 30% H2S0, 85% H,PO, 10% chromic

30 0 74 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 67 69 89 85 66 33 62 76 90 60 94 73 82 86 74 19 13 47 29 76 80 57 39 44 8 93 07 87 84 96 91 78 85 100 93 74

98 4 83 13 73 63 99 100 85 loo 100 96 loo 100 -

15% NaOH 30% NaOH 28% NH,OH HID

A12(S%)3 WW2S0,

Na2S0, Na2SIO3 Na2S NaCl NH,CI CaCI, BaCI,
WCl2

aqueous solutlon

AICI, FeCI, NH,NO,

CaWW
NaHC03 Na2C0, Na2CriOj KMnO, NaOCl L Brl 2-Aminoethanol Amyl alcohol Butyl alcohol Cyclohexanol Ethylene glycol

Alcohols I’

Amlnes

n-Butylamine c Ethylenediamine Aniline Dimethylaniline Morpholine Pyridine

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

241

TABLE

1.64:

VARIOUS

RESINS-GENERAL

ELECTRIC

(continued) 76 tensile retaineda
Noryl phenylene Poly- oxide based Polyphenylsulfone* resin 2 ene sullies 0 0
0

Chemical Acetophenone Cyclohexanone Methyl ethyl ketone Benzaldehyde 37% Formaldehyde Furfural Acetyl chloride Benzyl chloride Carbon tetrachloride Chlorobenzene 2Chloroethanol Chloroform 5% aq. chlorophenol Epichlorohydrin Ethylene chloride Amyl Butyl Butyl Ethyl acetate acetate phthalate acetate

Nylon6/6 87 07 07 98 77 81 0 80 76 73 12 57 41 a4 65 88 95 90 89 100 81 96 87 90 84 07 80 86 90 88 100 89 76 91 93 88 100 57 0 0 a4 07 95 66 a4

Poly-

1 carbonate3
0 0 0

Phenolic6

Aldehydes. ketones 1

0 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 42 0 0 46 0 46 0 61 78 0 0 75 100 100 99 100 100 100 99 0 0 0 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 62 16

0 100 0 0 0 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 32 63 0 100 0 0 0 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 55 77

0 0 0 0 100 0 0 0 0 0 53 0 57 0 0 0 0 19 0 0 47 0 0 0 36 36 0 0 100 100 100 0 0 0 69 0 0 66 0 0 93 100 19 0

100 99 100 84 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 07 100 74 72 100 100 100 100 100 89 88 76 100 91 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 96 100 96 100 100 71 100 100 100 97 100 100 100

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 92 98 100 100 100 100 100 100 94 -

Chlorinated organics

Esters {

Butyl ether Cellosolve

Hydrocarbons

I

Cyclohexane Heptane Diesel fuel Gasoline Stoddard solvent Mineral oil Motor oil Wesson oil Dowtherm Toluene Xylene

N&riles { Nltro compounds {

;f;z;.;$;
Nitrobenzene Nitro methane m-cresol Phenol Dimethyl sulfoxide Sulfolane N.N-dimethylformamide Cresyldiphenyl phosphate Triphenylphosphite
24-hr. l~powre at ZOO’F. 1-Zytel 101, Du Ponc Co. 2-Noryl. General Electric Co. 3-Lexan 141. General Electric Co. CUdel. Union Carbide Corp. S-Ryton, Phitlips Pelroleum CO. G-Gcnal 4300. General Eleclric CO.
a--Alter

MibcdlalWOUS

(Reprinted

from

Modern

Plastics)

242

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.65:

VARIOUS

RESINS

AND

ELASTOMERS

FOR

LININGS

AND

MEMBRANES-ATLAS

KOROSEAL ATLASTAFLEX NEOPRENE CHLOROBUTYL

is an extruded,

plasticized chloride

polyvinyl laminated

chloride

sheet lining material.

is a polyvinyl is a synthetic

sheet lining.

rubber-based rubber

sheet lining. lining material. rubber sandwiched between two layers of soft natural

is a synthetic

3-PLY is a sheet lining rubber. Atlas PVDF

consisting

of a layer of hard natural

sheet lining is a polyvinylidene

fluoride.

ATLASTIC 31 is a hot-melt asphaltic compound with a ball-and-ring softening point of 200° to 225°F (93” to 107°C). ATLASTIC 40 is a corrosion-resistant membrane system consisting of a layer of ATLASTIC 40 textile in the center of two layers of ATLASTIC 31. ATLASTIC 50 is a textile-reinforced, hot-melt asphaltic membrane with a ball-andring softening point of 250” to 275OF (121” to 135OC). CHEMPRUF linings are a series of heavy-duty monolithic systems based on epoxy, furan, polyester, and vinyl ester resins. The CHEMPRUF 1000 Series systems contain flake glass as filler and reinforcement. The CHEMPRUF 2000 Series systems contain fabric reinforcement which provides a lining with outstanding structural integrity and chemical resistance in broad thermal ranges.
Flake Glass Systems CHEMPRUF CHEMPRUF CHEMPRUF CHEMPRUF CHEMPRUF 1100 1200 1300 1301 1400 Resin Binder Furan Epow Polyester Polyester Vinyl Ester Fabric Reinforced CHEMPRUF CYEMPRUF CHEMPRUF CHEMPRUF CHEMPRUF Systems 2100 2200 2300 2301 2400 Resin Binder Furan Epoxy Polyester Polyester Vinyl Ester

Chemical R: N: A: C: X:

Resistance

Chart

Recommended Not recommended Silica filler will be attacked. Sealing the surface may prolong Conditional; may be suitable but consult Atlas before using Does not apply

life

-

2 = 0

5 = 4:
-

C Room Temn
Acetaldehyde

ti 150°F

C H
NN CN NN ‘A Ft _

Ct. I Hh I RR I RN I i-i I

( t P P F F

Acetic acad. up lo 10% Acetlc acid. glaClal Alum Alumwwm Alummum Alummum Ammomum Ammomum Chlortde Nitrate Sulfate Chloride Hydroxide

RR RR IRR ‘RR

9R I

Ti I P 3R F F b

El 3A -

NRC

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

243

TABLE 1.65:

VARIOUS

RESINS AND ELASTOMERS

FOR LININGS
7-

AND MEMBRANES-ATLAS

(cont’d)

-

E = a

C Room Temp.

H 150°F

z CH RP

I

Is ;i; 2
:li 3C 3C
JN 4N

2

s

CH 3N

CH
RR RR NN RC _ NN YN RR RR

, Ammomum ~Ammontum
Amvl Acetale ~ Amy1 Alcohol I Amhne , Aqua j Barwm Barwm Barurn Barium BeMerle Regba

Nltrale SuItate

RR Nh

RR Rh - I
RR

NhI r4N
r4N
Chlortde Hydroxide NltraIe Sulfide 3R I F I 1R RR F i-i I F - 1R IR RR I F UN I P JN acid. 10%

G UN UN UN UN

G 3R G UN G IR G JN UN UN UN G G 3R G 3R 3R G IN IN IN IN IN c IN IN N N N N

/ Benzene

sulfon~c

RR 4N __ cl FIC i-i FIR

-.

1 t 1
$ ?

-

-7i-c
F rUN f UN -

(:n

i-i -

t UN rUN f i-i -

1
t-3

54

T
8

z z yr
I

8

6

z
0

I

(

F

z :n i-z -

,

I

I

RR RR RR

:n c Fii

6 -

4
[
( FtR(RR 3R JN 4C JN JN 4R JN tR 3N 4N ;k IR 1-i IC 1N IC IN IR I’A IR IR IR IN IH JN:NN RR NN RC NN CN RR AC RR RC NN RR RR R R NN CN RN AC RR RR RR RR RR RC RR F h c F F F F h R R R h C R RIC RIR R A R RIR A:R H h F

8 ;; i t

8 i Ii ii
c:n

z

l7

s

-6 -6
I

Ei

-

c
I

(

RI R RI R hIN hIN hIN hIN R R A R C.i R R NIN R R R R R R NIN NIN C N RR N Ni C C C C A C

F F h F h L F h F RINI n R RIR RIA R h R A R R C

;

FIR PIN 4N -

I I

F n n

L-i IN

IUN -

RR NN NN

in4N n 1N
FIR FIR

i-i -

IUN

nIN nIN -

I

IUN I9R

RR

RIR RIR

I 3R F IR -

I9C

RR cc RR AC RR RR RR NN RR RR RR RC cc

1
RIR NIN Rz NIN IN 6 IR Rc Rx R R NIN R R RR RIAR N IN N IN Ac Rc R 77 c RR R YR Y2 R ; z R RR h IN NIN RIR A -G -; R A R R N N i #N N

:I4 RIR -

C

2 % 6 -

Fz

:C -

Cz RIR h IN RIA RIR RIA NIN h IN C:H h IN RIC Cz RIC RIR IR IA #A -IN :N IN .N c N N N N K N

F1R 1N -

PIR -

IaC

r JN

L1N RIA -

IU Nj F

4

( 72 FIR PIN -

RIR RIR nIN nIN I!IN hIN RIR RE RIR -

I Etromme
~ Bulyl 1 Butyl

wear

Acetate Alcohol

z -

h1ri

I1C I3R IU N!
I I I

-7

--I

Nh I

rJN

RR rJN - I RR F,R - I
9R

JN JN 1N fE FIC P iN FK FIA FE L h4N

I 4N MN P 1 RR F3R
F4A F1N FIR F,R FIR NIN N ‘N N N N N N N Rc N N N N N N N N N N N Ni N N A N R

1R 1C 1R 1R *R 1R 4C IN IN k :N IN IIN 6 IC .N f IN i c IN ;N

I

I- RR

R

F F

RR RR RR RR A” AC

Calctum Calcium

B~sulftte Chloride

RR RR

Gi 9R

RI ? -_ RII4 -_ RIA RIA t il. . ..NIN NIN NIN N IN N IN Rc 1 C N N N L 7 4 f NI ;;7 ; iN

R t-R R R RR I- RR R R n R II r, R N R h R R R R R R C N R R R R

I
F F

Gi 9fi Carbon Carbon Chlorme ‘Chlorine ,Chlorme /Chlorme Dlsulllde Tetrachlorlde Dloxlde. gas. dry water solution / !4 N ‘NN ICC RC RC AC acid. 10% CN N N; I Chloroform Chromic ,Chromlc acid. acid. up to 5% 10% N ‘U /R Ri IN IN IR IN IN IR

IN P hIN JN NIN 4N 4N IN IR IN NIN NIN R R N IN N IN N N i NN N N

JNI RR
NN CN NN R NN RR CR RR NN
NN

.-

IN hi C.N NIN C N C d C N C N N N N N C N N N N Ni N N

hlNiRR A R R R R N N -A C;NN R NiNN
t N NiNN

gas. wet water

I ,Chloroacellc
Chlorobenzene

c IN IN -ii.

;~

R R;

/Otric
j Copper

-F T -i-

NN NN RR

acld Chloride

IRRIRR

R R ‘R A CI,,RRr;;;;j C

R/RR/

A RR _-_I

RR -

(continued)

244

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.65:

VARIOUS

RESINS AND ELASTOMERS

FOR LININGS

AND MEMBRANES-ATLAS

bnt’d)

--r
t

8

-

_.-

-

c
f

6 2
E al 6 :ti

8
:! i t

2

0:
5 z
i C Room
; Copper

2 i
( :n FtR FIR

2!

5 i

-6
( 1 f r r r r ( r P F F F F P C F h F F F C h R h C F F F Ir ININNIRCINN INj-&&lNIR~R

5
CH RR RR RN NN NN VN ?R 3N VN ?R UN ?R 3C 3R 3R 7R 2R ?C 3R 3R 4N JN 3C IR 1” 1R IR 3R

Temp.
Ntlrale

H 150°F

/ CM \RR

; CH RR

CM I UN I __ UN /
UN

~HlCH
tc
tR t JN:NN JN NN

CH

CM

cc
RR

cc
RR RR RR RR RR RR RR AC

5-i

t t 1
E6 ! ’ ( I

z t

z
6 2 %

8

8 i

x
ri:
a8

E

t c 1, :k -

c1N c4N
h1N hIN :N C hIN hIN RIC AIA h IN hIN :c C hIN RIA RIN NIN NIN R C NIN NIN A N R R RIA h IN R1R RIR NIN _~

z UN UN -

Ii-ii

-6 CH -_
3R 3R 3N 4N UN 4N E :N 1N tR R’R

I ii I i-i

-

I3NIRR ,YNlRR
IVNjRR IVN;RR

, ,

FIR FIR FIN -

UN Dlethyl Ethyl Ether Acetate NN NN UN UN -~ :N JN JN Ethylene Glycol RR RR RR CN NN RR RR NN IiydrObrOmlC Hydrochloric Hydrocyanlc acld acld rcad RC RC RR RC RR Hydrogan Hydrogwt Pwortdr Sulhd, gas. dry RR RR RR RR RR RR RN RR RR RR RR RR RR RR RR RR RR tC tC

r4N
I JN -

hIN hIN h IN RIR RIN NIN A R RI’R R R Rc AR R Tt R R RR R C R R R A RI’C R -c Rc AR RR R R R R R R N N IC,RC N;RR

dN/NN

UN UN -

r rrlN
F 1R E JN

I NN I-NN

rJN
IN F FK JN P FG r.IN FIN FIC FIN FIC PIR RIN RIR RIA RIR h IN NIN RIN RIC RIC RIR RIA RIA IN __.. X A kf p R T R

-

3R NN NN

I3C,RR (,NIRR

rqN/RC
F 3R’RR

rJN
F 1R

FIUOSIIICIC acld Formaldehyde Formx Gasolme Glycsrme Gold nex*ne Cyrnlde aad

rrl

N / R’R

P 4N
FtR r.,N FIC FIC

JN
.~ JN 4N tC tFt JN IC IC IC

1
F IAlAR

F F

6 3R!RR
F tR F 1R

C r- RR RlRR N r- RR R:RC

FIC/NN FtR FtR c1 N F1N

F
RR RR RR R’C

FIR FIC C:N RIC RIC C:’ c hIN C.C R A RI” nIC

-

t RR

:c
1N IN IN
JN

t- R’C

r

FfI R’C

FIClNN FlR:RA FlR;RR FIRIRR FtR IFtR]RR r.4NlRR I, , cIRIRR F F a R R‘R A R R RlRR t- RR .. CC

JN

:c
4N
4N Jr4

C:c. HIC hIN

4 Ni IQ
tR ARIAA tR IR CN IR IR’RR I

:c
I R --+ ‘N’R -4 R!

!F 1C /R d c J ‘W /R R R IR :i :N IA IC IC IC R5 IR R R R N -E R

:c
IN

R

ccb RR T-

/ Magnesium

Chloride Hydroxide Nitrate

~RRIRR RR RR RR RR

IN R R R
N

’ Magnesvdm
: Magneswn

__ + 3RtNN

‘Req”,,es

Synthetic (continued)

Fabric

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

245

TABLE

1.65:

VARIOUS

RESINS AND ELASTOMERS

FOR LININGS

AND MEMBRANES-ATLAS

(cont’d)

cy -,i i
c

8

8

I?

It. [

C Room
Mercuric Methyl

Temp.
Acetate

H 150°F

1””

cl.41 CHjCH
NN RR!RC i---NN “C NN CN RC+NG NNICN NN -NNIRC NN NNiRR.NN’CNICN; -i--7 NN “CCNNICN! RRIRRiRR “C NN CC NN

cnicn -RRtCN

-t
I

c
F E

c
r
h

Acetate Alcohol
Ethyl

___-

Methyl

RRJCN NN.NN NNF RR RR RR RR Rta NN I- NN RC t RC

F

c
h ii IN FIR RIC

Methyl
Methyl

Ketone

’ NN--*- NN

-_-~

NN
NN

I--NN NN CN CN

F
FE~CNIAR;NNJCN F F F F F F~F~RRIRR;“C/RR

Sulfate 011 Splrlts acid Chloride NItrate Sullate

NN/NN

CN RR RC t RR

MIneral MIneral Murlatlc Nickel Nickel Nickel

KilRRIRRR
[

NN

R!R F

R R ” ” N N N ” N N ”

N,lrtcac,d.20%1Nltrlc acld. 30%

,RC

+--RRINNlNN

+-

I
GJRR~NN NN t- NN

NNICN
NN NN

F F h h

t-NN
NN/RR

YN

N NI

INN NN t

NN

N N!
RR

h R RR R h R RR RR RC c RC i- NN NN R

Olelc Oxalic

acid acid acid

NN G”R

I-

N N/ C N
NN CN

RC,RC NN

Perchlorx Phenol Phosphoric Phosphorous Phosphorous Phthallc

CN acfd acid Trlchlorlde ._i iRR /RR ?G~RR RRiRR ;;;;;R” NN’R N RR,“C RR:“C NN RC

R R

---I H
RR RR

RC,RR

_f---

H

R N ”

acld

--I
RR NNlNN H RR’“” -.I

NN NN
RC

NN “C

NNI

CN RR

N;;;~NN~NN/GNI R N R R R A

IRR RR

I NN NN

N ” N n R I, II ” ” ”
N

Potasswm Potawum

Carbonate -4 Chloride

‘R

!RRIRR/“”

t RR

Potasswm Potasswm Potasswm L-

Fetrtcyanlde Ferrocyamde Hydroxide. up to 30%

R R R R

CN tRR

Potassum Potaswm Pyrldlne Rochelle

Norate Sulfate

R

R RiRR N N NN

salt

R R’RR R C 9R RR RC AC cc Ad RR RR RR

ICC/cc r--- c_
RRjRC -RR iA

1. R R R R .R C 1~

Sodium

Bicarbonate

(continued)

246

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.65:

VARIOUS

RESINS AND ELASTOMERS

FOR LININGS

AND MEMBRANES-ATLAS

kont’d)

I-

I

I

I i

-

2
n A
C Room Temp.
Sodium Sodium Sodlum Sodium Carbonate Chloride Cyamde Hydroxide. Hydroxide. Hypochlonle. up to 30% 30% and over

z

5

2

H 150°F

CniCnlcHlcnlcn

t;
c

I

cn cn i-i -

cn

CH

cn

1 ?R I3R I3R IG IGN -

j Sodium
Sodium

up to 3%

r4N
3R F I 3R I 3R I *R RCIRCIRR/RRRAI

Sodium

Sulfate

i Sodlum
i Stearlc / Sulfur 1 Sulfur 1 Sullur i Sulfur Sulfut~c , Sulfurx

Thwxulfafe

fG 14N 9R/RRti-Nm

acid Dioxide Dloxlde Trloxlde Trloxlde acid. acid. gas. dry gas. wet gas. dry gas. wet up to 50% 80%

I 1N -

?R!RCjRCk CN NN NN NN CN NN NN NN

n 4N
-

n1N n1N
hIN -

FIR hIN hIN hIN hIN h IN h IN NIN -

I

Tin Chlortde

~RRHCN~RRR

‘TinToluene Trxhloroelhylene Trlsodwm Tung Urea xylene Ant Zinc Ztnc Chloride Nitrate Sulfate 011 Phosphate

C:N :N IN IN R lk R N

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

247

TABLE 1.66:

VARIOUS

RESINS AND METALS-PHILLIPS CORROSION

CHEMICAL GUIDE

RESISTANCE

2fvf

2w”F ‘ENTO,

2wF KINAR

2wF lEFLOh MtBOI STEEL

MEDIA

RYTOf

AIL”. M,N”M

wm)

I Acctaldehyde Acettc Acids Acetac Anhydride Acetone Acetonitrile Acetophenone Acetylene Acetyl Chloride (dry) Acid Mane Water Alcohol, Alcohol, Alcohol, Alummum Aluminum Amyl Butyl 2.Aminoethanol Chloride (dry) Sulfate (wet) Ac,d Acetlc Acid, Glacial A A A A A A A A A NR

A NR

A A A A A A A A A
A A

A NR A NR NR NR NR Nfl NR

A A A A A NR NR NR NR A NR A A A A A A

NR NR

Q
NR A NR NR NR

Q Q
NR A A A A NR NR :

i

A/Q
NR

A

Q
NR A A NR A A A NR NR -

Q

Q Q
A A A A NR A A A A NR NR A

Q
A/NR AlA A A A

Q
NR NR

Chlorohydroxlde Ammonia, anhydrous Ammonium Chlortde Ammonium Ammomum Ammonium Aniline Asphalt Barium Barium Emulsions Hydrorlde Sulfate

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

AI-

Q
A A A A A NR A NR A A NR NR A -

Q
A NR NR

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A NR NR A A A A NR NR

Al-

Q
A A A A

Q

A A NR

Hydroxide Nitrate Sulfate

Q t Q
A A

Q
NR

Q
A A -

Amyl Acetate

Q
NR

Q Q
A A NR

Q
A A NR NR NR NR NR

A A A

A A A A A A A A A A A A A NR A A NR A NR NR NR NR A A A NR NR NR NR NR NR A A A A A A A A A A A A NR NR NR NR A A NR A A NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR A A A NR A NR NR A

Bar&urn Chloride Benzene Benzaldehyde Benzene Benzyl Borax Bromine Butadiene Butane Butylene Butyl Acetate Butyl Amme Butyl Ether Butyl Phthalate Calcium Calcium Calcium Chloride NItrate Sulfate (wet) Sulfonic Acid Chloride Benzonitrile

A A NR A A NR A A A A A NR NR A A A NR

A

NR/C

A A A A

A/Q AlQ A/Q
A A A A A AjNR NR NR A

: A A NR NR A NR A A A A NR A A A A A A -

Q A A A NR -

NR NR NR NR NR

WQ
Al-

Q
NR :

Q
NR A A A A A A

A A A A A

Q
NR -

A/Q’

NR NR P NR A A A NR A NR NR NR NR

A A A -

Q
A A A A NR NR A A A A AlA A A A NR A A A A A A pi NR A A A A A A A A A A A A

Carbon D&oxide Dlsulftde Tetrschloride Cellosolves Chlorobenzene 2-Chloroethanol Chloroform Chlorophenol, Chlorosulfonic Chlorme(dry) Chromic Acid Cottonseed Oil m-Crew1 (crude) Cresyldiphenyl Phosphate Crude Oil Copper Sulfate Cycloherane Cyclohexanol Cyclohexanone 5% Aqueous Acid (dry) (wet)

A A A A A
A/Q

Q
A A A NR A A A -

Q
A A A NR A A A NR

NR

Q
A A NR A A A NR

A A A

Q
NR NR NR A NR A NR P I\ P 9 NR

Q
NR

A/Q Q

A NR A A A
n
). h 4 4 4

Q
NR -

Q -

Q Q
A A NR NR A A

Q
NR

Q
NR A A A NR : A

Q
A NR A

Q
A Q NR A A A

Q

Q A

Q
NR -

Detergents Dtesel Fuel

4 4

4 z 4

A A A NR

A A

Q

A

A
(continued)

248

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.66:

VARIOUS

RESINS AND METALS-PHILLIPS m
WF ‘ENYD, Y

CHEMICAL

(continued) m
ZWF P&E:I m XROC

m
1W’ F KYNAR

m
MO’F TEFLDf m A A A A A NR NR NR NR NR A
MO’F

20s F

POLY “LFOf

NYLON

STEEI A

AL”MlNUM (3cQI)

Diisobutylene Dimethyl Aniline Dimethyl Dimethyl Dlmethyl Diphenyl Dioctyl p-Diorane Dowtherm Formamide Phthalate Sulfoxide Ether Phthalate A A A A A A A A A NR

m
A

A A A A

A/Q
NR

NR NR NR -

Q
A A

Q
NR NR

A A

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

Q
A A A A A NR A A A

Q” A
A

Eplchlorohydrin Ethanolamine Ethers Lthyl Acetate Ethyl Chloride Ethylene Ethylene Ethylene Ethylene

(dry)

A A A A NR

NR NR

A A A A A A A A A

NR NR NR NR A

NR

NR -

Q
A A NR :

(wet)

A A

Chloride Dlamine Dichloride Glycol Ethe

Q Q
NR NR

AIQ A/Q
A A A/NA A

NR NR NR A

NR NR NR A

Q
NR

Q
A A

Q AIQ
A A A A A A A

Q

Q

Q Q Q Q -

Q Q

FC-77 (Cyclic Fluormated Ferric Chloride Ferrous Chloride Flo-Cool lSO(SilicateEster) Fluorosilicic Acid, 25% Formaldehyde. Formic Acid Freon (dry) Fuel Oil FlWlll Furfural CaSOllne Glycohc Acid Heptane Hexane Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Hydrufluoric Hydrogen Hydrogen HydroSen KWOSel-le JP Fuels Ketones Lactic Acid LPC Lubricating Magnesium Magnesium Methyl Oil Chloride Hydroxide Acid, 20% Acid, 37% Acid, 5.75% 30% 37%

A A A A NR A :/NR NR A : NR AiA -

A A

A

A

NR -

NR NR

NR NR NR NR A A A

NR NR

A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A

A/Q
A A A A A A A A NRIF NR/Q A’ : A A A A A A A A A A A A A

A A NR NR NR A A NR

Q
NR

A NR

Q
NR A A A A A

NR A A A A -

A A A NR NR

NR A A A A A A NR NR : A A NR

A A NR A A NR NR A NR

Q
A A NR NR A A A

Q Q
A A A A

Gas Peroxide, Sulfide (wet)

Q Q
A

Q
A A A NR A A

:
NR

A NR NR A A A

A A A A NR

A A A A A

Q

Q
A

Q
A A A A A

NR

MethylenaChloride Ethyl Ketone Ketone Methyl lsobutyl Mmeral Oil Morphofme C9tor Oil Naphtha Naphthalene Nitric Acid, 10% 35% (Cont.) Nitrobenzene Nitrogen Nitromethane

: NR NR

A NR NR A NR A A iI R n

Q

NR A NR A

NR A NR A

A A A A

NR A NR A

A A A A A A A

&IQ k n h WQ VQ 1 VQ \ VQ

Q -

Q A
A NR NR NR 4 4

Q

NR

A

A )I 9

VQ 9

YR YR

NR

4

/4

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

249

TABLE 1.66:

VARIOUS

RESINS AND METALS-PHILLIPS

CHEMICAL

kontinued)

m
MO-r MEDIA 2W” F 2M’ F KYNAR IW”F TEFLON 2wf

m
ZW’F

m
wF NYLON :ARBON ALUYINUY STEELoca1)

RYTON m

PENTON

POL”. ULFONI

NORlL -

m
A A AIQ A A A A AIQ A A A A A A A’ A’ P A A A A A A A A Q A A NR Q NR Q NR NR NR : A A A A A A Q A A A A NR A A P A A A A A A A A/NR NR A A A A A A A A A A Q A A A A A A QINR A A AjNR

m
A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A NR NR A NR A A A A NR A

Perchloroethylene Phenol Phosphoric Phosphorus Potassium Polarslum Polarslum Propylene Pyrldlne Acid

(dry)

Nil A

m
NR NR A NR NR A NR A A A A A A A A A A A NR A A A A NR NR NR NR NR Q A A A z A NR : A _ A A NR A NR A A NR A A A A A NR

NR A -

A

Q
NR NR A P A Q A

A A NR NR NR NR Q A

Q
NR A Q Q Q A A A Q A A A Q NR A A A A A A A NA NR A A A : NR A

Trnchloride (dry: Chloride Hydroxide, Chlorohydrin So% Permanpanate

Sodium Bicarbonate Sodturn Carbonate Sodturn Chloride Sodaurn Chromate Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Hydroxide. Sodium Hydroxide. Sodturn Hypochlorlte Sodium Sulfate Sodwm Sulttde Sodium Thlosulfate Steam-&IV F Stoddard Solvent Sulllnol S”lfolUle Sulfur Sulfuric Sulfuric Sulfuric Dmxide And. 30% Acid, 50% Acid. 98% 15% 3D% 50% Soln.

: Q NR NR NR NR NR Q Q Q NR A Q NR NR A A A NR P NR A A A NR NR Q NR A Q A NR NR NR Q A A Q NR A

A A’ A/Q * A A A Al’2 A A A A A A A A A A A

Tetrahydrofuran Toluene Tomato JUG Tnchlorethylene Trxhlorrcetic Trlethyl Trlphenyl Trlsodlum vmegar Water, Deionized Sea Tap Xykfle Zmc Chloride Actd Phosphate Phosphite Phosphate

NR A A A A A A A A A NR

NR A NR -

Turpentme(dry)

‘Ryton grades c~nta~nlng glass fiber and/or mineral fillers will be less chemically

reslstant

than indicated.

RYTON PENTON KYNAR TEFLON NORYL

-

polyphenylene sulfide poly-3,3-bis(chloromethyl)oxacyclobutane polyvinylidene fluoride polytetrafluoroethylene phenylene oxide-based polymer

250

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.67:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR MEMBRANE

LININGS-WATERSAVER

WATERSAVER MEMBRANE LININGS

HYPALON’ (Chlorosulfonated

OR CPE R Polyethylene) (Reinforced Chlorinated Polyethylene)

. ..provides excellent resistance to weathering and chemical attack. Hypalon is available only as a rein. forced membrane and does not require a protective cover for most applicatrons. Hypalon is approved for potable water containment.

. ..specifically formulated for resistance to oils. Offers all of the desirable characteristics of Watersaver CPE and in addition, provides greater strength and resistance to creep, sagging, and puncture where conditions of use are severe, such as steep slopes or other high stress applications.

PVC (Polyvihyl

Chloride) EPDM (Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer)

. ..membrane offers good chemical resistance, sealability, and serviceability in unexposed applications. It has performed satisfactorily as a liner for recreational lakes, canals, evaporation ponds, sewage lagoons, brine ponds, etc. It is recommended that an earthen cover be provided for PVC to maximize its service life as a fluid barrier.

. ..he. ,sen used for roofing and lining applications for many years. Superior weathering and elongation characteristics have made EPDM the most widely used single ply roofing membrane in the U.S.A.

OR CPE (Chlorinated

Polyethylene)

EPDM

R (Reinforced

EPDM)

. ..specifically formulated for resistance to oils. Membrane features excellent weatherability, sealability, chemical resistance and long term durability. CPE does not require a cover material for most applications.

. ..has the superior weathering characteristics of the non-reinforced EPDM with additional strength and tear resistance required by some applications. Many potable water reservoirs are rehabilitated with EPDM R or Hypalon.

OIL RESISTANT

POLWINYL

CllLORlDE

(ORPVC)

I

ISOBUTYLENE

ISDPRENE

(BUTYL) 1

(IIR)

-

I

I

POLYCHLOROPRENE

(NEOPRENE)

(CR)

ETHYLENE

PROPYLENE

DIENE

MONOMER

(EPDY)

1

CHLOROSULFONATED

POLYETHYLENE

(HYPALON)

(CSMI

CHLORINATED POLWINYL

POLYETHYLENE CHLORIDE (PVC1

(CPE)

EXPOSED EXPOSED BURIED ACID

LINER SIDE SLOPE LINERS DH 2 to 7 LINER

NR NR R II

II RR I II

RR RR RR RR

III ii

IYR UR 9 P YR

1

II i i i UR i
i -

RESISTANCE

ALKALINE PETROLEUM POTABLE DOMESTIC ROOFING

RESISTANCE PRODUCTS

pH&VOW I
I .

i
1R I iii

WATER WASTE MEMBRANE

1 NR R NR

R R R

1 RR RR NR

I.

RECOMMENDED

“II.

RECOMMENDED

ONLY WITH REINFORCING

YR _ NOT RECDMYENDED

TABLE 1.68:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR PLASTIC LINED PIPING PRODUCTS-DOW

CHEMICAL

DOW plastic lined pipe, fittings, and valves are designed and manufactured specifically for safety with long service life and process integrity in handling corrosive media, either liquids or gases, The variety of lining materials in the line of DOW piping engineer designing a piping system to select components particular service. The complete line includes: SL piping products lined with SARAN* polyvinylidene PPL piping products lined with polypropylene resin. KL piping products lined with KYNAR** polyvinylidene PTFE piping products lined with polytetrafluoroethylene ‘Trademark
**Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company of Pennwalt Corporation

Maximum Tsmperaturs-nF

PC)

products allows the best suited for that chloride fluoride resin. resin. resin.

Ratings of serviceability of DOW plastic lined pipe, in terms of resistance to corrosive attack by process media and maximum operating temperatures, are shown in the following table. Unless otherwise noted: Solutions of inorganic materials appearing in the listing are saturated solutions. Where concentration percentages are indicated, the percentages are by weight.

252 Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

i L

:
: 1

:d -

-

#$ -

-

-

-

d

d

=

E : 9 2 g
.’ t ._

f i
E

-

iA -

-

6 -

64 -

d

1 -

-

-

-

-

-

Sd -

s -

-

-

-

-

-

-

2ci d

Eh -

E -

k -

-

-

-

-

5 x

d -

d -

d -

d -

-

P
d

-

d
h

zl

s z
- -

b

ir . .i
.I i

=

e

=

=

=

=

3

=
E I

=

E E
7

!i E

E; E - - ;
5

E -

h .t
3

; E g
I i

1
: ;
Y

0

J2
0

I

11
.-

3 f 5 ._

i

g i
5

e i

I

5 ._
i f

1

TABLE 1.68:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR PLASTIC LINED PIPING PRODUCTS-DOW

CHEMICAL

(continued)
Maximum Temperature--7(T) 110
ml El

Cormsiw

Strsrm

1

*ls 11361

=
llnl

as
llm

19
11 2

1
04

Not Recom mended

I

I

I

Calcium chlorid*(rmunmdl Calciumchlwin

?m Pm

IL

PPt IL

St PPt St

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

Zd e -

2
$0 -

h
id 6d -

, : i -

-

;ris : =

ih -

i = -

$ -

-

-

-

r;
=

e =
If 2 -

=

E E - E E -

E i - -

a
5 I 8

=
D D

ij =
m y

?s
1

2 :

f
z
u‘

I

Y
f 0

D 6

E

1
0

E

z

7,

E
7

: il -i
-

d L : -

i -

:

i; -

-

i;

d -

-

-

-

-

i; ii -

-

id -

i -

i; . -

-

-

-

-

-

=

ti =

-

-

=
= =

=

-

E

EE - -

E 1
D

iz e
_O i
m 5

E -

;
.Y

i

i
0

1

I
s
‘.
0
0 f

f
B
6

3

f

.Y ;

.r d

x

TABLE 1.68:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR PLASTK

LINED PIPING PRODUCTS-DOW

CHEMICAL

(continued)

z
KL SL PPL

PPL

‘i
IL

SL
SL

KL PPL PR’ SL

SL It

KL

PPL

St

PPL

St

IL

-t

KL

KL
PPL St

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

6 * $ iti ii

-

L =

$c4 i: =
ti =

i; =

E F ;
5
2 .Y

E E - $ f

t: t
E

2
a!

5
E

E
I H

P

E f
I

2 iit

-

iti ii = i; ii -

-

-

-

-

i -

-

-

-

2 ii -

c c - i h - c ii f G;

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

; -

-

-

is - -k - - L

1 d

ii =

f
-

b t

ii

-

-

-

-

=

: -

E 3

= = = E EE - - D f

=

=

= =

r” -

EE - -

1 E - -

3 : :
‘,

d

j i

. I f: I: ; 2 f j B
0 Y

0

x
.Y

ij
.5

i i
z
Y

Y
.Y

$s
Z K

2

f d

:: i

8

a

TABLE 1.68:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR PLASTIC LINED PIPING PRODUCTS-DOW

CHEMICAL

(continued)
Maximum Tempcrahln-*F PC)

I

I

I

I

I

IL Y

I

(continued)

TABLE 1.68:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR PLASTIC LINED PIPING PRODUCTS-DOW

CHEMICAL

(continued)

(continued)

TABLE 1.68:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR PLASTIC LINED PIPING PRODUCTS-DOW
Maximum Temperature--‘F PCI

CHEMICAL

(continued)
Maximum (60 11311 m 11351 lull 250 m Ilull Temper&m-*F :n: I’C) El tzI ISI n WI NOt Recom mended

El

sodium uh

I =* II

I

I

St PPL

TABLE 1.68:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR PLASTIC LINED PIPING PRODUCTS-DOW

CHEMICAL

(continued)

I

nff
Pm

II

II’

I

I

WL

I

I
I

I
I

SL

I
St

I

I

n

PPL

nrf
Pnoriun chbrat llSWOPll

I(t
I KL Kt

wt

SL
I KL PPt i

I

nffll PrR nrf

I
I

PPLi

I St-3 I
I St

I
I
St

I

Pmusium chbrida Pauaium shmmtie ImIk~lin*~

?Pt

I

SL

nR

IL
IL

PPL-

nfi
nfi

PPL PPt

St St

lu

Pmubm

pwchbrn*

nrf whl PlFf Kt

It’

PPt

I

I

Pmauium pwmangan.a

I

m

P

Pamssbm

dide

Iwfll
Pm

al
n

I

I

I M’ I sl* I
SL
PPL

I

I

I

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

261

I
I a

~

1

-

% : c
a -

:L -

i: itI -

E I -

-

i 2
ti -

-

-

5 : -

-

-

ti -

d

z - c - -

-

=
zrE!!?E ?I = Z?

=

=

E _ E E _ -

E E E -

cE __

E t
Z ;

1
F .

2

.
e %
2
&l

z
g i$ g ; x .u .g 2H .g g
3

z 2
1

e
3
lz

n

ZZ

I I

A i; -

-t
-

-

i 1. :;:

-

i -

-

i 22 -

-

i

2 ti , -

-

-

L -

s i t -

+I -

f
L

kg -

rcs :i -

LYI -

-

-

z : -

-

-

-

-

-

z s - - - = =
E -E -

-

-

-

-

-

s ;

-

-

b =

-

-

;
x
=

I

=
=

=

;: =
E -

-

=

* =
E E E - - -

-

il =

=

E E - = k 6 z H i
3

E 4 :

E E - -.

E -

1 t

s
P

F

ep

P
.a

5 t
2

3 s
i I 3 3

k
OL
c

5
I 5 3
I d

I

0

.
1
s ::

I

.
5
L

Y

5 f

m

c.
5

5 ,;

::

s f
2 ._ fi

e ;
P

B f

s

I

I i

z

E I

i

I

I ._

3

5 %

z ;

,x

TABLE 1.68:

VARIOUS

RESINS FOR PLASTIC LINED
Msximum Temperature--7 fTI

PIPING PRODUCTS-DOW

CHEMICAL

(continued)

I

Maximum

I

Comasire

Stream

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

263

TABLE

1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND ELASTOMERIC

PIPING MATERIALS-NlBCO

Chemical Resistanceof Industrial lhetmoplastics

R = Recommended NR = Not Recommended = No Data Available

Acetaldehyde Acetamlde Acetic Acid, Acetic Acid. Acebc Acebc Acettc Acebc

10% 20%

Acid. 50% Ackd. 80% Acid. Glacial AnhydrIde

I
‘3°F NR R R R R R NR NR R NR NR NR R A NR NR R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R A R R R R A R R R A R R R NR NR NR NR NR R Ester

PVC’ 140°F NR R R R NR NR NR NR

CPVC’ 7 3°F 185°F

POLYPROPYLENE 3’F R R R R R d R R R R R NR NR R 12O’F R .R R R NR NR NR .R R R NR R R R R NR NR R R R R R NR NR NR R 15O’F 18O’F 3-F

PVDF 15O’F 23O’F 2BO’F 3°F UR UR UR UR UR UR UR UR UR UR R R UR UR R UR R R R UR UR R R UR R R R R R R R A R R UR R UR UR UR R

VITON 14O’F NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R NR NR R NR R R R NR NR R R NR R NR R R R R R R R R NR R NR NR NR NR 185°F NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R NR iR R NR R R R NR NR R R NR R NR R R R R R R R R NR R NR NR NR NR

R R

NR NR NR NR NR

R R R NR NR NR NR

F
7:3’F R A R R R R R UR R UR R UR UR R R R R R R R UR R R R R R R R R R A R R R R

EPDM 14O’F R R R R R R R NR R NR R NR NR NR R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R 210°F R NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR R NR NR NR R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R NR R R

i

R NR NR

NR NR NR

ACetOne Acetophenone Acetyl Chloride Acetylene Acetyl Nltrlle Acrylac Acad. Ethyl Acrylonltrlle Adlplc 105 Acid Alcohol Alcohol Alcohol, Alcohol. Alcohol Alcohol. Alcohol. Alcohol AICOhOl. Alconol Alc”nOl Al‘Otwl

R NR NR NR R NR NR NR R NR R R R R R R NR R R R R A NR R R R R R R NR R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR R R

NR

NR R R R R R

NR R NR NR NR R R R A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R

Ally! Amy1 Benzyl Butyl. Pnmary Butyl. Secondary Dlacetone Ethyl Hexyl Isopropyl Methyl Propargyl Propyl

R R R R R R R R R

R R R R NR R R R

R R R R NR R NR R

R R R R NR R NR R R NR R R

R

Ally, Chloride Alum Alum Ammon,“m Alum Chrome Alum. Potassium Alurmnum Chloride Alumnum Fluoride Aluminum Hydroxide Alum,num Alum,num Alum,num Ammoma Ammonia Ammonia. Ammonwm Ammon,“m Ammonum Ammon,um Ammonwm Ammomum Ammon!um Ammomum Ammonium Ammonium Ammohlum Ammonwm Ammonwm Ammonum Nitrate Oxychlonde Sulfate Gas Aqua 10% Llquld Acetate Blfluorlde Blsulflde Carbonate Chloride Olchromate Fluoride. 10% Fluoride. 25% Hydrwde Metaphosphate Nitrate Persulphate Phosphate Sulfate

R R A R R

R R R R R

R

A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R

R R R R R NR

R

R R A R R R

R R R RS

R R R R

R R

R R

R

R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R UR R NR R Nk R NR R R R R R R R R R NR R R R NR R NR R R R NR R NR A R R R R R R R R R R R UR R R R NR R R R R R A R NR R R R R R R R R N” NH R

R

R

‘R

R.

R

R R R R

R R NR R

R R R R

R R R R

‘R R R R

R R

A R UR R UR UR R UR R UR R R

NR R’ NR R NR NR R NR R NR R R

NR R NR R NR NR R NR A NR R R

R

Ammonum Sulfide Ammonwm Thmcyanate Amyl Acetate Amyl Chlorlde An,l,ne An,lme Chlorohyarate An,l,ne Hydrochloride Anthraqumone

Polyvmyl Chlorrde. Type 1. Grade : $hlonnated Polyvmyl Chloride R’ Recommended to 210°F -

1

Data tp 210°F

for other

chemxals

presently

not awlable

264

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND ELASTOMERIC

PIPING MATERIALS-NIBCO

(continued)

CHEMICAL

PVC’ ‘3°F 140°F R R NR R R R R R R R A R NR NR NR R R R R R R R R A NR R R NR NR R R NR A

CPVC’ 3°F 185°F’

POLYPROPYLENE 3°F R 120°F R 150°F A 18O’F A 3°F R R R R R R

PVDF 150°F 230°F 280°F
7 3°F

VITON 140°F R R R R R 185°F R R R R R
7 3°F

EPDM 140°F
R

210°F

S”lfonlc Ant,mony Trlchloride Aqua Aegla Arsenic Acid Aryl Sullon~c Acld
Anfhraq”4”one

ACld

R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R NR R NR R A R R R R R R R R NR R R NR NR R R NR R R

R R

NR R

f
R R R

R R R R R

f

R NR R

NR R

NR R

R R R R R

R R R R R

R R R R R

R

R A R A R R R

R R

R R VR NR NR R R NR R NR R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

NR NR R NR R R R R R R R R R R R

NA NR NR NR R

NR NR NR NR

NR R R R

NR R R R

NR R R R NR NR NR NR R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR R R R NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR

R R

R R R R R

R R R R R R

R R

R R

R R

NR NR R R R NR NR R NR R R

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

R

NR R R

NR R R

NR R R

R R R R

R R NR R

R R NR R

NR R

R R NR NR NR R R R

R R NR NR NR NR R R NR

R R NR NR NR NR R R NR

NR NR R R R NR NR R

R R R R R

R NR NR NR R NR R R R

R R

R R

R R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R R R R R

R A

R R

R R

R R R R NR R

R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R

NR R

NR R

NR R

R R R R

R R A R R R R

cane sugar Liquors Carbltol Capryllc Acid Carbon Oloxlde Wet Carbon Carbon Carbon Carbon Oloxlde Dry Otsulllde Monoxide Tetrachlorlde

R

R R R NR NR R R R R R R NR R R NR R R

R R R R NR NR R R NR NR R R R R R

R NR NR NR R R R

R NR NR NR R R R

R R R R NR R NR

R R R R NR R NR

R NR R R NR R NR

R R NR R R

R R NR R NR

R R R R

R R NR NR

R

R

R

z

Polyvmyl Chloride Type 1. Grade Chlorinated Polyvmyl Chloride + For dratnage apphcat~on only R’ Recommended lo 210°F - Data to 210DF

1

for other

chemocals

presently

not avatlable

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

265

TABLE 1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND ELASTOMERIC

PIPING MATERIALS-NIBCO

(continued)

CHEMICAL

PVC’ ‘3°F R R R R 140°F R R R NR R R R NR NR NR R R NR NR NR NR NR R A R NR A R R R R R R R R R R NR R NR R R R R NR NR NR R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR R NR

F
7 3°F

CPVC 155°F R A R

POLYPROPYLENE 3°F 120°F 150°F 180”Ft 3°F R

PVDF 150°F R R R R R 230°F R R R R R 280°F R R R A

R R R

I

VITON 14O’F R R NR NR NR NR NR 185’F R R NR NR NR NR NR 3°F R R R R R

EPDM 140°F R NR R R NR 210°F R NR NR NR NR

7 3-F

R R NR NR NR NR NR

Chloracerlc Acid Chloral Hydrate

R R R R R R NR NR

R

NR NR UR A NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

R R A R R

R R A R R NR R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R R A R R R R NR NR NR R R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR

R R R R NR R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R A R NR R R

R R R R NR R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R

A R R R NR A R R NR R R A A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R A NR R R R

NR NR NR R R NR NR NR R R R R R NR NR R R R A R R NR NR NR NR R R NR NR R R R NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

Water Saturated Chioracetlc Acld Chloroacetyl Chiorlde Chlorobenzene
Chlmne

R R R NR NR NR NR A R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R NR R NR R R R A NR NR NR e II R R R R R R NR NR R NR NR R NR R R R NR NR

R UR NR NR NR R’ R’ R’ R’ R R R R R R R R

NR NR NR R R R R R

NR NR NR R R R R A

NR NR NR

R R

R R NR R R R R R R R

Chlorobenzyl Chloroform Chlorop,cr,” Chlorosulfonlc Chrome Chromic CHromfc Chromfc Ac,d Acld Acld Acid

Chloride

Acid 10% 30% 40% 50%

NR R R

C~tr,c Acid Cocon”r 011 Coke Oven Gas Copper Carbonate Cooper Copper Copper Copper Chloride Cyantde Fluoride
Nitrate

R NR NR R R R R R R NR NR NR NR R R NR NR NR R R NR

R NR NR R R R R R R NR NR NR NR R R NR PUR NR R R NR

A R

R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R NR R NR R R NR NR NR R R R R NR NR R R R R

R R R A R R R R R NR R R R R R NR

R R R R R R R NR NR NR R R R R NR NR

copper Sulfate Corn syrup
Cottonseed CISOl Cresylx Croton
Aad

R R

R R

011
50%

Aldehyde

R

R

UR R R

NR A R R R

R R

R R

R

R

A

NR

R

NR

NR R R

NR R R R NR NR NR NR NR

NR

NR

NR

NR R R R R R UR UR UR R NR R NR NR NR NR R NR R NR NR NR NR R NR R NR NR NR NR

R R NR NR NR R NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR R R NR NR R R

NR

NR

UR

NR

NR

NR

NR

Poiyv~nyl Chloride Type 1 Grade 1 2 Chlonnated Polywnyl Chlotlde + For dramage appl~caf~o” only R’ Recommended 10 2:O”F - Data lo 21O’F

lor other

chemicals

presently

not available

(continued)

266

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND ELASTOMERIC

PIPING MATERIALS-NIBCO

(continued)

CHEMICAL

PVC’ ‘3°F 140°F NR NR NR R

CPVC’ r3OF NR 185°F’ NR

POLYPROPYLENE 3°F NR R 120°F NR NR 150°F lEOoF’ NR NR NR NR

D~octyl Phthalate Dloxane D~oxane. 1. 4 Dlsodlum Phosphate Dwmylbenzene Epsom Salt Ethvl Acetate Eth;l Acetoacetate Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl Ethyl Acrylate Chloride Chloroacetate Ether Bromide Chloride Chlorohydrln Dlamme Dxhlorlde Glycol Oxide

NR NR NR R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR R R R R R R R R R A R R R R R A R R

t I

PVDF 150°F NR NR NR R R NR NR NR R NR R R NR NR 230°F NR NR NR R R NR NR NR R NR R R NR NR ZIJO’F NR NR NR R R NR NR NR R NR R R NR NR R NR R R R R A R R R Nk R R R R R R R NR NR NR R R :: NR NR R R R R NR R R R R R R .R R R R R R NR R R R NR R R R NR R R R A R :: R R R 7‘3°F

VITON 140°F NR NR NR 185°F NR NR NR

7 3’F UR UR UR R R UR R R R R R R R UR R R R

f

R NR NR

I

EPDM 140°F NR NR R R NR NR NR R NR NR NR R R NR R R NR R R R NR NR NR NR R NR R R NR 210°F NR NR R R NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR R NR R R NR

7 3°F R R R

R

R

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR R NR R R R R R

‘R

R

NR

NR

NR NR NR R NR R R NR R R NR R R. R. R

NR NR NR R NR R R NR R R NR R R. R R

NR NR NR R NR ‘R R NR R R NR R ‘R R R

‘R NR R

NR NR NR

NR NR Nk

NR NR Nk

Ethylene Ethvlene
Eth;lene

Ethylene Ethylene Ethylene Ethylene

R

R

YR R

NR R

NR NR

NR R

Fatty Acids Ferrac Acetate Fernc Chloride Ferrac Hydroxxde Ferric NItrate Ferrac Sulfate Ferrous Chloride Ferrous Hydroxkde Ferrous NItrate Ferrous Sulfate Fish Solubles Fluorine Gas Wet Fluoborlc Acld Formaldehyde. Formaldehyde. Formaldehyde. Formrc Ac,d Formic Acld Freon F-11 Freon F-12 Freon Freon Freon Freon F-21 F-22 F-l 13 F-114 35% 37% 50% (Anhydrous)

R

R

R

R

R

R

R R

R

R

R R

R R

R R

R R

R R R

R R NR R R R R R NR R R NR NR R R R R NR

R

R

R

R

R

R

R R

R NR NR NR NR NR R R :: NR NR NR R R R NR R R R R R R R’ R R R : R R R

R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R NR NR NR R R R NR R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR R NR NR R NR R NR NR NR R NR R NR NR NR R NR R

R R R R R R A R

NR NR NR NR NR NR R R R R R. d R R R R R R R R R R’

R

R’ R NR YR R R R R YR

R

UR A NR R UR UR UR

tik ik
NR NR R R R

i&l idi
NR NR R R R

NR NR
NR NR R A R

UR R R R R R

NR NR R R R R

NR NR R R R R

NR NR R R R R

R R NR NR NR R

NR NR NR NR NR R R R R

NR NR NR NR NR R R R R

Gall~c Acld Gas. Natural Gasoline. Leaded Gasolme, Unleaded Gasolme. Sour GeMIn Glfl GlUCOSe Glycerme.

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R. R R R R R NR R R

R R R R R R R R R

Glycerol

Glycohc Acld Glycols Grape Sugar neptane Hydrobromoc Hydrobromx Hydrochloric Acld. 20% Acud. 5wb Acld. Cont.

ri E
R R R NR NR R R R

: 37%

R R R

NR R..

R

UR R R R R

NR NR R

NR NR kI R

NR NR

: R R R

NR NR R R NR

NR NR NR NR NR

1 Polyvmyl Chloride. Type 1. Grade 1 2 Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chlonde t For dramage application only R’ Recommended to 21O’F - Data to 210°F.

for other chemicals

presently

not avaalable

(continued)

Synthetic Resins and Polymers

267

TABLE 1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND ELASTOMERIC

PIPING MATERIALS-NIBCO

(continued)

CHEMICAL WF Hvdrocvanc H;droc;an,c Hvdrofluorlc Hydroflurac Acld Aad. 10% Acid. Dalute Acod. 30% R R R R R A R R R NR R R R R R R R R NR

PVC’ 14O’F R R NR N9 NR NR R R R NR R R R R R R R R NR NR NR

CPVC ‘3°F 155OF’

POLYPROPYLENE 3’F R R R R R R R. NR R R. R R IZO’F ISO’F 15O”Fj

NR NR NR NR R NR R NR NR

R R A

R R

‘R. NR

F
1‘3’F R R R A R R R R A R R R R R R R R A

PVDF 230°F 25O’F R R R 7 3°F

VlTON 140°F R R NR NR NR NR A R Uk R R R NR R R R NR NR R R R R NR R R R R R R R 155°F R R NR NR NR NR R R NR R R R NR NR R R R R NR R R R R R R R 3-F

EPDM 14O’F
R R

1SO’F

210°F R R NR NR NR NR R R

:

NR NR NR NR R R

Hydrofluorlc Aad. 40% Hydrofluonc Acid. 50% Hydrofluos~l~ac Acid Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Cyamde Fluor!de. PeroxIde PeroxIde. Anhydrous 50%

NR NR R R R

R R

R R

:

R R R R R R R

UR UR UR R R R UR R R R R NR NR NR NR NA R R NR

NR NR NR R R NR R NR A NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR R NR

PeroxIde. 90% Phosphrde Sulfide. Dry Sulfide. Aqueous Sulfate Ac!d

R

R

R’

.A

R

R R R

R

So

UR UR R

Hydroqumone Hydroxylamme Hypochlorous Hydrazme lodIne Iodine Solutton. Isopropyl Ether 1sooctane Jet Fuel JP-4 Jet Fuel. JP-5 Kerosene Kraff L,quor Lactic Acid Lactic Aad. Lard 011 Launc Acid

R

R R A NR R

10%

NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

R R R R R R R R R R R R R A R R A UR R R R R R R A R R R

NR

iR

NR R R R R R NR NR R A R R R R R NR NR R R R R R NR NR R

R R R R R R

NR R R

NR R R

NR

R R R R R

25% 80%

R R R R R R R R R

Lauryl Chlonde Lead Acetate Lead Chloride Lead Nitrate Lead Sulfate Lemon 011 Llgrolne Lime Sulfur L~noletc Llnolelc Linseed Linseed Acld 011 011 011 Blue

R

R

R

R

R

R R

R

NR R

NR R

NR R

NR R

NR

NR

R

R

R R R R R R NR R R A A R R R R NR NR R R R R R R NR R NR NR NR R NR NR NR R NR NR

R R R R R R R R R A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R A R A R R R R R R

R R .R R R R

R R

R R R

R R R A R R R R

Llq”e”rs LIthum Bromide Lubr,cat,ng 011. ASTM Lubr!cat,nq 011. ASTM Lubncatm~ 011. ASTM MachIne 011 Magnesium Carbonate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Magnesium Magnesium Magneswm Catrate Hydroxide NItrate Sulfate

dt UP 113

R R R R R R A R R R R A R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R A NR R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R A R R

R R R

R R R

R R .R R R R R R

NR NR NR NR R R R R R R NR NR A R R R

NR NR NR NR R R R R R R NR NR R R R R

NR NR NR NR R R 9 R R R NR NR R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R

R R A R R R R R

R R R R R R R R

R

Manganese Sulfate Male% Acid Mal~c Acid Mercurtc Chloride Cyamde Mercuric Sulfate Mercurous Nitrate Mercury
MB,CU,IC

R

R

R

R.

R

R

’ Polyvmyl Chloride. Type 1. Grade 1 2 Chlonnated Polyvmyl Chloride + For dramage applfcatlon Only R’ Recommended to 210°F - Data to 210°F

for other

ChemlCalS

Presently

not avaIlable

(continued)

268

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND ELASTOMERIC

PIPING MATERIALS-NIBCO

bntinued

CHEMICAL B”F Methane
~efhylene

PVC’ 140°F R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR R R R NR R R NA R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR A R NR R R R R R NR R NR NR NR R R NR NR NR NR NR

Cplcrobromlde Methoxyethyl Oleate
Methylamlne

ik
R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR A R R NR NR NR R R R NR R R NR R R R A R R R R R R R R NR NR NR A

F
CPVC’
7 3°F

POLYPROPYLENE 120°F 150°F

‘3°F 185’F’ ’ 1

18O’Fi I 7 3°F

I

PVDF 150°F 230°F R 280°F 1 ‘3-F R

VITON 140°F R 185°F R

IR

R

f
R R R R R R R R NR NR R NR NR NR R R NR R R R R R NR NR R NR NR NR R R NR R NR R R R NR NR R NR NR NR R NR R NR NR NR R NR R NR NR NR R NR R NR NR NR

F
7‘3°F NR NR R NR R NR NR NR NR R NR R R NR NR NR NR R R R R

EPDM 140°F NR 21O’F NR

Methyl Methyl Methyl Methyl

Bromide Cellosolve Chloride Chloroform

NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

R R

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR R R NR NR NR R R NR

NR R R R R R R R

NR R R

NR

NR

R

NR

NR

NR NR

NR NR

NR

NR

R NR R NR

R R R R R R R R NR R R R

R R A R R R R R NR R R R

R R R R R A R R NR R R A

R NR R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R

R NR R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R

R R

R

NR

NR

NR R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R NR R R R R R NR NR NR R R R R NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

R R R R R

R R’ R’ NR NR R R R NR NR R NR R R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

R R R R R NR NR

R R R R R NR NR

R R NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

Nitrous Ox,de Nltroglycol

R NR R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR R

R R R NR NR NR A R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR R R NR NR NR NR R R R R NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR R R NR R R R NR NR NR R R NR R NR NR NR NR NR R R NR R NR NR

0,lsVegetable Ole,c Acld
Oleum Oxalic Actd Oxalic Acid 50% Oxygen Gas OZOfl.5 Pai”,f,c Palmittc Palm,,,‘ Paraflln Peracervz Perchlorlc Perchlo,,‘ Ac,d Acid Ac,d 10% 70%

R R R R R

R R NR R R R

R NR R R R R R

R NR R R R R R NR R

R NR R R R R A R

R NR NR NR R R R R

R NR NR NR R R R R

R R

R R R

Acid 40% Acid 10% Acid 70%

R R

R R

R

A R

Perphosphate Petroleum 011s Sow

R

NR

NR

NR

R R

R

NR

NR

NR NR NR NR

Phenylhydrazme Phenylhydranne Hydrochloride Phosgene Ltquld Phosgene Gas

R

Polyvmyl Chloride. Type 1 Grade 1 2 Chlor,nated Polyvinyl Chlortde + For dratnage appkatmn only R’ Recommended to 210°F - Data to 210°F

for other

chemxals

presently

not wallable

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

269

TABLE 1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND ELASTOMERIC

PIPING MATERIALS-NIBCO

(continued)

PVC’ 1 ‘3°F R R R R R NA R NR A R
R R R R R R R R A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R 140°F R R R NR R NR NR R NR R R R

1
7 3°F
R R R R R R R R R R R R R A R

CPVC’
185’F’ R’ R’ NR

POLYPROPYLENE ‘3°F
R R R

PVDF 18O”Fi
R R R

(20°F
R R R

150°F R R R

3°F R

150°F
R R R

230°F
R R R

280°F
R NR

I

VITON
140°F R R R 185°F R R R ‘3°F

EPDM
140°F R R R

1‘3°F R R R

210°F

R
R R

f

R R R R R R R R’ R’ R R’ R’ R R R’ R R R R A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R A R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R

R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R

R R R

R R

R

NR R R R R R R

R R

R A

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 4 R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R

R A R R A R R R A R R NR

A A A R R R R R R R R NR

R R R R R R R R R R R

R

R R

R

R

R R R R R R

NR

R R

R R R R R R R R NR

R

R R R R R R R R NR NR NR R R NR R R R R R R Polyvinyl : Chlonnated

R R R R NR R R R NR NR NR NR R NR R R NR R R R 1 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR NR R R R R R R R R R R R R

R

R

R

R R R R

R

R R R R

R R R R R R R H R R

R R R R NR

R R NR

NR NR R R NR

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

R NR NR NR

R NR NR R R

R

A R R

R R R

R R

R R R

R R R

Chloride Type 1 Grade Polywnyl Chlortde

(continued)

270

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND ELASTOMERIC

PIPING MATERIALS-NIBCO

(continued)

CHEMICAL 73°F soaps Sodaurn Sodwm Sodlum Acetate Alum Benzoate

PVC’ 140°F

CPVC’ ‘3°F R 185’F R R

POLYPROPYLENE * 7 3°F 120°F R 150°F R 18O’F R U’F 150°F

PVDF 230°F

280°F :

:

R

I

VITON 140°F 185°F 7 3°F R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

EPDM 140°F R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 210°F R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R

7 3°F R

ik
R

ik
R R R R R R R R

R

Nk i
R R R R R R R R

R

R

R

R R R R R R R R R R

R R R

R R R

R R R R R R R R R

R Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sod,““Sodlum Sodium Sodium Sodturn Sodium Sod,““, Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodwm Sodturn Sodium Sodium Sod,um Sodlum Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Borate Bromide Carbonate Chlorate Chiorlde Chior~te Cyanide Dlchromate Ferrlcyanlde Ferrocyanide Fluoride Hydrox!de Hydroxide Hydroxide Hydroxide Hypochlorw lodlde Metaphosphate Nitrate Nitrite Palmttate Perborate Perchlorate PeroxIde Phosphate Phosphate Phosphate Silicate Sulfate Suillde Suif~te Thlosullate Solur~an 5% R R R Alkaline Acld Neutral R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R NR R R R R R R R R R

R

R R R R R R

R R R R R

R R’ R R

R

R

R

R

154. 30% 50% 70%

R R R R R R R R R

R R R R NR

R R R R NR

R R R

R R R R R R R R NR NR NR NR R R NR NR NR NR NR R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R A R UR R R R UR UR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R NR NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R NR NR R R

R R R R

R R R R

R R R R

R 1 R R

R R

R R

R

R

R

R

R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R A R VR R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R NR R R A R

R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R

R

Sour Crude 011 Stannlc Chloride Stannous Chloride Starch Stearlc Acid Stoddard s Solvent SUCCI”IC Acid Sul+amtc Acid. 20% Sulfated Detergents sui1ate Liquors Sulfite Liquor Sulfur Sullur Sulfur Sulfur Sulfur Chlotlde Dloxlde. Dloxlde Tr,ox,de Dry Wet

R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R

R R

R R

R

R R R R R R H R R R R R R

R R R NR R R R R R R R R NR NR NR

\1R rlR R R

NR NR

NR NR

NR NR

R R R R NR NR R R R R R R R

R R A NR NR R A R R R R R

R R NR NR R R R R NR NR NR NR NR

R UR R UR UR A R R R R R R R R

R NR R NR NR R R R A R R R R R

R NR A NR NR R A R R R R R R R

R UR R R

R NR R R

R NR R A

Sulfur Trloxlde Gas Suilur~c Acid 10% Sulfuric Acld. 30% Sullurlc Ac,d. 50% Sulfuric Sulfuric Sulfuric Sulfuric Acid, Acid. Acld. Aad. 60% 70% 80% 90%

R’ R’ R’ R’ R’ R’ NR

R R R R R R rlR

R R R R R NR NR

‘R R R R NR NR NR

R R NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR

R R R R R UR UR

R R R R R NR NR

R

NR NR

1 Polyvmyl Chloride. Type 1. Grade 1 2 Chlonnated Polyvinyl Chloride t For dra,“age appllcatlo” Only R’ Recommended to 21O’F - Data to 21O’F

for 3fher

chemicals

presently

not wallable

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

271

TABLE

1.69:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

AND

ELASTOMERIC

PIPING

MATERIALS-NIBCO

(continued)

CHEMICAL

Sulfuric Sulfuric Suifur~c Sulfuric

Actd Acid Acid Acid

93% 94% 95% 96%

F
PVC’
I ‘3-F

140°F NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R R R R NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR R NR R NR NR R NR R R

R

NR NR NR

I

CPVC’ 185-F’
NR

7 3°F R R R R R UR

1
7 3°F UR UR UR UR UR UR R R

POLYPROPYLENE 120°F NR NR NR NR NR NR R R 150°F NR NR NR NR NR NR R R NR lBO”F1

NR
NR

NR NR NR

1
7 3°F

PVDF 230°F NR NR NR NR NR R R R R 28O’F NR NR NR NR NR
7: 3°F

VITON 140°F 185°F
7 3°F

EPDM 140°F NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR 210°F NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

150°F R R R NR NR

f

R R R R R R R

:

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR R

Sulfuric Ac,d 98% Sulfuric Acid 100% Sulfurous Ac,d Tall Oil Tann~c Acid Tanning Liquors TX Tartarlc Acid Tetraethyl iead Tetrahydrodurane Tetrahydrofuran Tetra Sodium Pyrophosphafe Thwnyl Chloride Thread Ctittlng 011s Tlrpl”Kl T,tan,“m Te,rachlor,de Toluene Toluol Tomato Juice Transformer 011 Transformer 011 CITE/30 Trlbutyl Phosphate Tributyl Citrate Trvzhloroacetec Ac,d Trichloroethylene Tr~efhanoiam~ne Trtefhyiamlne Trimethyipiopane Trlsodlum Phosphate Turpentine

NR NR NR R R R R R NR NR A NR R NR NR NR R NR R R NR

R R R R

R R R

R R

R R

R

R.

R

R R NR NR

R R NR NR

R R NR NR A NR NR

R R R R R NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR

UR

NR

UR

NR

NR

NR

R UR NR UR R R NR R R NR A NR NR R NR R R R R NR NR R R R 4R 4R R 4R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR R NR R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR NR R NR fi R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

NR NR NR NR NR NR R R NR R

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR NR

R R UR R NR R NR R R R R R R R R R R UR R R R R R R R A R R R R R R VR R R R NR R R A R R R R NR R R R R R R R R R

NR NR R NR NR R R R

NR NR R NR NR R R R

NR NR R NR NR R R

UR

NR

NR

NR R R NR

NR R R NR R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R

NR H R NR R R R

NR R H NR R a R

R R NR R NR

R R NR R NR R R R R R

R

NR

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R NR R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R R R

R R R R R R R R R R R UR R R

R’ R R’ R. R’ R’ R’ R R R R NR R R

water Salt water Sea water sewage Whiskey White Liquor w,nes xyiene ,xylol, NR R R R

R R R R R R NR R R R

R R R NR R R

A R R NR R R

R R NR R R R

R

NR R R R

ZI”C Chiorlde Zinc N~trale zinc Sulfate

I Polywnyl Chlorlde Type 1 Grade 1 7 Chlonnated Polywnyl Chloride t For dramage applatlon oniy R’ Recommended lo 210°F - Data to 210°F

for other

chemicals

presently

not available

VITON:

trade

name for vinylidene

fluoride-hexafluoropropylene

copolymer.

272

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS THERMOPLASTIO POLYMERS FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES RUBBER

TABLE

1.70:

Stock Type G i!

Composition Plasticized Polyvinyl Chloride

Polyamide Resins (Nylon 610) Polyester Elastomer Polyurethane Special Material (Gates Tufflex Hose) (Hytrel) (EVA) Ethylene Vinyl Acetate

Y
E U cl

GATES CHEMICAL
“1” Excellent Rcstrtance - This fluid is expected minor or no effect on the polymer. to have

RATING SYSTEM
The amount of discoloration that can be tolerated is usually established by the user on the basis of application. Obviously, products such as paint must be conveyed through a hose having very good nondiscoloring characteristics. If the product is not visually affected, then the hose is satisfactory. For some products, the discoloration may not be objectionable from a visual standpoint. However, the amount and makeup of the particles causing discoloration may be objectionable if they affect the final use of the product. Some of the more discoloration are: common methods of checking

polymer should give reasonably “2” Good Rerirtrnce -This satisfactory service. Due to the nature of this chemical and under prolonged continuous exposure, the stock may exhibit minor to moderate deterioration and/or solution discoloration. Environmental changes such as concentration, etc., temperature, may promote increased degradation. “x” Not Recommended - The stock is unsatisfactory this chemical and should not be used. “-” (Darh) - Insufficient or no data is available material. Testing is advised. Note for

for this Allowing the fluid to remain in a sample piece of hose for a given period, and then inspecting visually for discoloration. Testing fluid as in No. 1 above and then passtng it through filter paper to check foreign content. A more refined test can be made with a soectroohotometer. This instrument measures light transmission ihrough the fluid before and after immersron tests with the stocks. This ives a relative rating expressed in percent, the original uid being rated as 100%.

1: The above ratings as applied to the Chemical Resistance Tables are intended as guides only. They are compiled from the best data available to us. Ratings shown in the tables are based on a temperature of 70” F. and 100% concentrated or saturated solutions unless otherwise noted.

Note 2: If unusual conditions exist, a stock test in the fluid is suggested. Note 3: Where a chemical listed in the Resistance Tables is soluble in a solvent other than water, the solvent should also be checked for its suitability with the stock. Note 4: Discoloration of fluids conveyed in hose-There are no generally accepted standard tests for measuring or rating discoloration of fluids passing through a hose.

1

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

273

TABLE 1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS
CHEMICAL

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
TABLE HOSE POLYMER TYPES

RUBBER (continued)

RESISTANCE

CHEMICAL A Acetaldehyde .................................. Acelamrde .................................... Acellc Acrds ................................... Acetone ....................................... Acetophenone ................................. Acetylene ..................................... Acrylonttrlle ................................... Aero-Safe 2?iOO................................ Aeroshell. 1A. 1AC. 4 .......................... Air, Ambrenl.. ................................. Atr, 150°F ..................................... Air,1600F ..................................... Air. 200°F. .................................... Awcratt Hyd 011 AA ........................... Alcohol, Amy1 ................................. Alcohol, Sutyl ................................. Alcohol, Furlural ............................... Alcohol.Ethyl ................................. Alcohol, Isopropyl ............................. Alcohol. Methyl (6%). .......................... Alcohol, Methyl (166%) ........................ ,Alkazene ...................................... Chlonde............................ 1alummum Alummum Fluortde ............................ 1 .......................... 1Mummum Hydroxrde
4

G

I

2

I

Y

E

U 1

I

I C -

X

X

2(;[2 1 Use Chemrcal Hoses 1 2 I I Use Weldmg Hoses 1 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 : 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 X 1 1 No Hose Available 1 1 1 1 1 Use Chemical Hoses 1

X X -

-

1 1 2 X X -

-

X -

1 )

1 1 2 X -

1 -

1 2 1

,
; ) 2

1
1

1 -

2 2 2 -

-

-

:
1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1

-

2

2 1 -

1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1

Nitrate .............................. I kluminum Sulfate ............................. hIurn ........................................ 1 kmmonia. Anhydrous .......................... 1 4mmonia. Aqueous ............................ 1 Muminum 1 Acetate ............................ 14mmonium Bicarbonate ....................... I4mmonwm Carbonate.. ....................... I4mmonium Chlonde ........................... ......................... 14mmoniumkydroxlde 4mmonwm 1 Metaphosphate ...................... Nrtrate ............................ (Fertrlirer) \mmonium Nrtrite ............................. c I Immonium Persulfate .........................
14mmoma 14mmonium

1 1 1

-

-

-

1

2 1

1 1

1

1

1 1 1 X

1 1 X

1 1 2 2

1 1 2

1 1 2 2 2 X X

b4mmonwm Phosphate.. ....................... bmmonium Sulfate ............................ A bmmonium Bulfrde ............................ P \mmonwm Thiocyanate ....................... P Armyl Acetate .................................. Akmyl Borate ................................... Armyl Chloride ................................. Aimyl Chloronaphthalene ....................... ............................. A,myl Naphthalene Armyl Phenol .................................. Anathole ...................................... Aaniline ......................................... A&line Oils .................................... A,rrimal Fats ................................... A,nti-Fraaze (Glycol) ........................... A ntimony Chlorrde (50%) ...................... A ntimony Baits ................................ A qua Regra .................................... A rcq A T.F. Dexron ............................ Type2 ............................ A rco ATF ................................. A rcqc-2.100 A roclqr, Monsanlo ............................. A rqmatx Hydrocarbons ........................ A raemic Baits.................................. A’akarel (Transformer 011) ......................

2

X

-

-

-

-

-

2 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 -

2 2 1 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 -

X 1 2 1 X 1 Use Chemical 1 1 1 2 1

x Hoses -

X 1 -

X X 1 2 2 1

1 2 1

1 X

-

1

-

-

X

X (continued)

274

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS
G

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLVMER TYPES 2 v E

RUBBER bontinued)
U I 0

CHEMICAL

I

I

I

I

A-Continued
Asphalt, 18O’F ................................ ASTM O,l No 1.. .............................. ASTM 011 No 2 ................................ ASTM 011 NO 3 ................................ ASTM Ref Fuel A ............................. ASTM Ref Fuel B ............................. ASTM Ref Fuel C ............................. 2 X X 2

B Baltic Types
100 150. 200 300. 500 ............ Banvel. Concentrated .......................... Barium Carbonate ............................. 3arwm Chlonde ............................... 3arlum Hydroxide ............................. 3arfumSulfate ................................ 3arlum Sulfide ................................ 3aslc Copper Arsenate ........................ 3aygon ....................................... 3eer .......................................... 3eel Sugar Lquors ............................ 3ellows. SO-20 Hydraulic Oil ................... 3enzaldehyde ................................. 3enzene ...................................... 3enzoic Actid .................................. 3enzyl Alcohol ................................ $lack Sulfur LlquOr ............................ )orax (Sodium Borate) ........................ {ordeaur Mxture ............................. Acld .................................... iorlc Copper Sulfate .......................... hake Flwd (Petroleum) ........................ lrake Flwd (Synthetic) ........................ lrme (Salt) ....................................
low

1 1 1 : 1 Use Chenvcal Hoses I 2 I 1 Use FDA Hoses -

:
X

X 1 2 1 1 X 1 1 2 1 2 Use Chemical Hoses 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 -

I

Elunker 011 .................................... Elutane. Gas or Liquid .......................... B#utter .......................................... t ebutyl Acetate ................................... 0 ,utyl Alcohol (ButanOl) ........................

1 1

I 2 I Use 20BHB Only Use FDA Hoses 2 1

X 1

2

1

C ...............................
Bisulfate ............................... Bisutflde ............................... ..- .................... Bisulftte ........ Carbonate ............................. Chlorite... ............................. 1
1

alcium Arsenate alcium al&m alcium alctum slcium slcium cc llcium cc

2 1 2 1 X

1 1 1 1 1 Use Chemical Hoses

2 1 1

1 1 1 1 1

Chloride. 1.. ........................... Hydroxide (Cont.) ..................... Clklcium Hypochlorite (5%) .. .................... Calcium HypochloftlO (15%). .._ . . . . ..__. .__._.. . Calcium Nitrate _.. . . . . . . ..... .... .... . .. Calcium Silicate . . . . . . . . _. . . . . . . . . . . _. . . . . Calcium Sutflde . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cane Sugar Lquon . . . ._.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbohc Acid (Phenol) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , Carbon Disufhdc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon Dioxide (Dry) . . ......... ........... Carbon Dloxicb (Wet) . . . . . . . . . _. . . . . . . . . _. _. . . : Carbon Totnchloride . . . . . . .._. . . . . . . . . . . . . _... Carbonic AIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carter MotorDt1................................ 7

2 1 1 2 1 X 1 X 2 1 1 1 1 Use Chemical 1 Hoses

2 1 1 X 1 X 2

Use Chemical H05en 1

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

275

TABLE 1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES

RUBBER (continued)

CHEMICAL

0

I

z

I

Y

I

L -

U

1

c2

3
I

C-Continued
Caseln ........................................
1

CastorCM.....................................
Caustic Potash (30%) .......................... Caustic Soda (20%) ............................ ............................. Cellosolve Ace!are Cellosolve. Union Carbode ..................... Cellugard. Cellugard 200 ....................... Cellulube, 80. 150. 220. 300 .................... 550. 1000 22OA. ST220 A60 ................. Chlorine Water (25%) .......................... Chlorme Gas .................................. Chlorine Trrtluorlde ............................ Chlorobenzene ................................ ChlorobrOmO Methane ......................... Chlorodane ................................... Chloroform .................................... Chlorosulfonic Acfd ............................
ChlOrO!Ol~ne .................................

1

1 1 I Usd Chemical Ho;es Use Chemical Hoses

I

I

>

X X X 2
X

2 1

No Hose Available

Chlorox..
ChOcOlale

..................................... Syrup ...............................

1 1 1

Hose Available I FJO UI ;e IZhernlcal l-lost 2 1

Chrome Alum ................................. Chromic Acid ................................. Chromium Salts ............................... Cider ......................................... Citpo A.T.F. Type F. Dexron .................... Crroo Citgo Citgo Citgo Cttgo FR Fluids. . . _.. . . . . . . . . . . ._. . . . . . Glycol FFMOXD ......................... Pacemaker .............................. Sentry ................................... Tractor Hyd Fluids ......................

UI 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 X 1 1 2 X US 2 2 2 -

Zhemxal 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1

-c HlOs(

: 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 X -

Citric Acid .................................... CoalGas ...................................... CoalTar ...................................... CokeOven Gas ................................ Condor Oils. 1WO. 1002. 1004 ................. 1006.1008. 1010, 1012, 1014. 1016 Copper Chloride ............................... Copper Cyanide ............................... Copper Nitrate ................................. Copper Sulfate ................................. CornOils ......................................

.,

2

I
I

~tlonaead Oils ................................ Creosote ....................................... Creoaol (Cresylic Acid) ......................... Crude Petroleum Oil ............................ Cyclohexane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _. . . . . . Cyclohexanol

X 1 X

--

1 X :hemicel l-l 1 1

X X
!s -

.................................. Cycloheunone................................. Cymene ........................................

: -

X X -

Daaco. FR160: FR200. FRZOOB. FR310 ........................................ Daaco IFR ...................................... DC 200. 510. 550. 560.. ......................... DDT Weed Killer (DIL.) ......................... Docalm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .._.................._... Deionized Water ................................ Decrol R 6 0 Oils .............................. Denatured Alcohol .............................. Datergant Solutions ............................. Developing Solutions ........................... Dexron ......................................... Dextrin ......................................... Dtacetone Alcohol .............................. Diammonium Phosphate ........................

2 2 2 2 2

t
2 1 1 1 2 1

2 ltact Gate:

2 2

1 2 1 1

1 1 2 2

:ontlnued)

276

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE

1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES

RUBBER (continued)

CHEMICAL

c

I

z

I

Y

I

E

U

I

t

D-Continued
Drazmon. Drlute ................................ Dlbutyl Phrhalate ............................... ............................... Dtchlorobenzene Drchloroethylene ............................... ..................................... DreselOrl D@thanolamlne (20%) ....................... Dlelhylamtne ................................... Drethyl Ether.. ................................. Drelhyl Glycol .................................. Droctyl Phosphate .............................. Dtoxane ........................................ Dow General Weed Killer (~~0) Dowtherm A ................................... Duro FR-HD., ................................. Duro OrIs ..................................... DP 47. 200 FluId (Dow) 2 X X 2 1 2 1 X 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 X 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 X 1 1 2 X X X 2 X 1 2 2 1 2

1 X X -

-

.................

;
X X 2

.........................
E

-

-

-

Enamels.......................................
Energol HL66 .................................. Energol HLPC66 ................................ EP Hydraulrc Orb.. Chevron ...................... Essential Oils ................................... Ethanolamrne .................................. Ethers ......................................... ....................... Ethyl Acetate ........... Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol) ......................... ithyl Chlorrde.. ................................ EthylEther ....................................
................................ Ilhyl MerCaptan .............. Ethylene Chlorrde ............... Ethylene Chlorohydrin .......................... ilhylene Glycol ................................

2

1

1 1

-

-

2 2 2 2 X 2 X X X X X

1 1 X 1 1 1 1

1
1 1 1 2 2 1 X 2 X X 1

1 1 -

1 2 2 2 X X X 1

I I )

1

1

1

F
:actovis 52 :atty Acids

.................................... .................................... ‘arrrc Chlorrde ................................. _.............. ‘erric Sultate .................... errous Chloride ............................... errous Nitrate .................................
errous Sulfate .................................

1

-

1 1

1 1 1 1 -

1 ) > i 2 2 2

1 1
1 2 1

-

1
1 1 2 1 1 Use Chemical Hoses No HoseAvailable UseChemical tioaes

-

............... we Resistant ktyd Fluid (TeXaco) king Solutron (Photo) ......................... ................................. luorborickid luorine Liquid ................................. ._. ......... tuoailicic Acid ....................
ormaldehydc (37%). ........................... ormic Acid .................................... R Fluid D ..................................... R Hydraulic Fluid .............................. FtM ........................................... won (all tym) ................................ _. . _. ............... wit Juices ............... nloil........................................ . ............................ rmaric Acid ...... rran (Furturan). .............................. rrtural (Ant Oil) ............................... ....... ._. rrguard 150, 200. 226 ................. nquel go. 16Q22Q 300. sx). tooo. ............... 16RA0.22oA40.55oR&0.. _

1

-

1 -

1

3 2 2 2

X X X

2 I lha Chemical Hoses 1 1 1 Special Hose Raqurrad 1 1 I I Use Chemical Hosas 2 1 1

1

2

1 1

2

X

-

2

-

X

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

277

TABLE 1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES

RUBBER (continued) II

CHEMICAL
I

G

I

z

I
Use
Contacl

v

I

L

I

U

I

t

Galllc Ac8d .................................. .......... Gas, Natural .................. Gasoline. Regular Unlealed............... Gasolme, Regular. Leadec ..................... Gasoline. Premium .......................... Gasohol ....................................... Gelatin. ......................................

G

Chemical Hoses
Gates 1 1 X X
X X

X X X X

-

Glucose ......................................
Glue .........................................

1 1 1 1 1 1 -

1 1
2

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 X X

1 1 1 1 1 X X

Glycerine (Glycerol) ........................ Glycol FR Flulds ...............................
Grease....................... Gulf ..................

1 1 1 1 1

FR FluId G-ZOO .......................... t Gult FR Flutd P37. P40. P43. P45. P47 ..........
H

Petroleum) ...................... Heptane ....................................... Hexane .................................... Houghto-Safe 271.416 ......................... 520 526. 616. 620 625 640 Houghto-Safe 5046. 5046W ................... Hy-Chock 011 ................................ Hydra Fluld. AZR (L 0. A. 0. AA. C ............. Hydra FluId 760 ............................... HydraSol A .................................... Hydraultc Hydraulic Hydraulic Hydraulic Hydraulic Flwd FluId Flwd FluId Flutd HF-31 ......................... HF-16. HF-20 ................... (Std Petroleum). ............... (Phosphate Ester) .............. (Waler Glycol) .................

Heptachlor

(m

2 2 2 -

2

2

-

1 1 2 K

1

1 1
2

X -

K

2 1 1 1

2 2 2 2 2 1 : 1 2 2 -

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -

2 2 -

2 2 2 1

Hydra&c FluId (Texaco Safely 200. 300). Hydraulic 011s (Shell) .......................... Hydrazme ..................................... Hydrobromlc Acid ............................. Hydrochloric Acld .............................

.......

:

: --

Use Chemical Hoses Use Chermcal Hoses Use Chemical Hoses 2 2

Hydrocyamc Acld ............................. Hydro-drme 011.. ............................. ................... Hydrofluoric Acid ........ __. Hydrofluosllicx Acld ........................... Hydrogen .................................... Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Hydrogen Chloride ............................ Fluoride ............................. Peroxide (lo”). ...................... Peroxide (Over 10%). ............ Sulhde ..............................

I

1

1

-

2

Use Chemical Hoses Use Chemical Hoses Contact Gates

1 _. ..

2

Use Chemical Hoses

1

Use Chemical Hoses Contact Gates 2 2 1 1 -

I

Hydrolubric 011(Houghton) ............ Hydrolube (Water Glycol) ....................... Hypochlorous Acid ..... _. _. .................... I

._... _..

Imd. Imd 5150. 5220.5300. 5500 ................ lnduatron ..................................... .._ ................... Ink. Printers.. ............ lnrulating Oil, Transformer ......................

x 1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 1 Use LPG Hoaea Only

-

IklIne ..........................................
Iodine. in Alcohol ............................... lrut Fluid 902 .................................. , .. ., ........ lrusFluid BOS ...................... lrobutane.. ................................... aobutyl Alcohol ................................ ..__....._ ................... soOctane.. ...... __. .................. a0 Ropyl Acetate ......... so Ropyl Alcohol (Iroproprnol) ................ 2

1
2 2

mo PropylEthw ............

., ..................

(continued)

278

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS
0

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES

RUBBER (continued)

CMEYICAL

I

z

I

Y

I

E -

I

U

I

C

I-Continued I.50Cyanate

_. _. _. J

_.

-

(Toluene Of-lsocyanate)

I

,e,FuelJP-3................................... let Fuel JP-4 _. _. let Fuel JP-5................................... let Fuel let Fuel JP-6 JP-X _. . _.. _. _. .__ .._. ._. _, . . . _. . _. ._._. ( 1

X X X X X

2 2 2

I
I I 1
2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 : :

X X X X X

t

--

i

ttar0 Syrup ..................................... t(erosene ....................................... t(etones ........................................ L
Solvents ............................... _,.............. L actrc Acld ................... L asso (Ag Spray) ...............................
L ead L ead L ead L ead. L ead. L me L rme L.acquers L acquer .......................................

2 2 -

1 -

X X

X X Use Chemical Hoses 1 2 1 -


1 1 2

;

1 1 X -

Acetate ................................... Arsenate .................................. Sullate .................................... Telraethyl ................................ Tetramethyl ..............................
...........................................

1 1 1 1 1 1 2 X 2 2 2 -

-

Bleach .................................... L rme Sulfur ..................................... L mdane (Ag Spray). ........................... L tnseed Cake
L maeed

1 2 2 -

011 (Bolled)

............................

L iqutd Soap .................................... 011s ................................ Llubrlcatmg Llubrtcattng 011s

:
2 X

(Orester)

.......................

M
achrne 011 .................................... M agnestum Carbonate .......................... Chlorrde ............................ U agnesturn U agnesrum Hydroxide ..........................
M

1
: 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

X

2 1 1

1 1 1 Use Chemical Hoses 1 1 1 1 2 1 Use Chemical Hoaea 1 1 1 1

X 1 1 1

1 1

2 1 2 2 2 2 2 -

agneswm NItrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .._._. a&3eswm Sulfate ............................. U agnus-Light ................................. ............................... U agnus-Medw'n hl alarhron (Ag. Spray C on C) ...................
U M

(

1

1 -

:
2

1 1 : 2 2 1 1 1 X

MImlathion (Ag Spray Dilute). .................... Ml8licAcid ..................................... Ul sngancae Satts ............................... Mlsnganeae Sulfnte ............................. sximut (Hyd. Fluid) ........................... Mc ,yonn.rsc .................................... *Iamine Varnish .............................. Mcwuric Chloride .............................. Mcwcuric Cyanide ............................... wcurous Nitrate .............................. MC Mercury ........................................ Marcury Slttr .................................. Metallic Soaps .................................. Meaityt Oxide .................................. Mathcne ....................................... Methoxychlor
Why1

1

2

1

1

(Inaectici6a)

. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

&elate UethylAcrylrt.
WhyI

................................. .................................

Alcohol (h40thW~M) ...................... .............

I

X
1 -

I

I

2

I

_I
2

X
2

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

279

TABLE 1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES

RUBBER (continued)

CHEMICAL

G

I

z

I

Y

I

E

I

u

I

0

M-Continued
Me!hyl

Methyl Melhyl Methyl Methyl Methyl Methyl Methyl Methyl Methyl

AmIne (60%) ........................... ........................... Amlne (9%) Amy1 Carbmol.. ........................ Bromide ............................... Butyl Ketone (MBK) .................... Cellosolve .............................. Chlonde ............................... Ethyl Ketone (MEK) ..................... Formate ................................ lsobutyl Ketone (MIBK).................

X
X -

1

2 2 X 2 1 X X X 1 X X 1 1 1 1 1 X 1 Chemical Hoses 1

X X

X X X X -

X

X

X X X
X -

X X X X -

I
I I
I

Methyl isopropyl Ketone ....................... Methyl Methacrylate ........................... Methyl Salrcylate .............................. Methyl Sulfate. ................................ Methvlene Chlonde............................

2 1 X
X

1 1 1 2 2 1 X 2 -

X X 1 1 2

X X 1 1 2 2 2 X 2

Methylene Dlchlonde . . Milk ........................................... MIneral 011 .................................... MIneral Spirits ................................. Mobile Hydrauhc Oils .......................... Mobilmet S 122.. . .. .. . . .. . . . Molasses ...................................... Monochlorobenzene ........................... Motor 011s .................................... ................... Munatx Acid (Hydrochlonc)

1 1 1 1 1 X 1 U!

1 2 -

.

2 2 X 2 -

1 X

(Mustard.......................................

-

N
Naphtha (Low Aromatic Content)

. .. ........ .

X

2 / Contact Gates

-

-

Naphthalene ................................... Natural Gas ................................... Nickel Acetate ................................. Nickel Chloride ................................ Nickel Nitrate ................................. Nickel Salts ................................... Nickel Platmg Solution ......................... ..:. .................... Nxkel Sulfate ......... Nwzotine ....................................... Niter Cake (Sodium Bisulfatel ................... Nitric Acid . . . . . . .

1 1

: 2 1 1 1 X 1 1 2 2 1 Use Chemical 1 I 1 1

-

t

ies 1 1 1 X 1 -

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .._.

Nitrogen Oxide up to 50% . . . . .._. _.._..

__.

......

~~

2 2

-4
x 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 U 2

Use Chemical t X I 1 1

ms
X
1 -

2 2 Use Chemical F

X X
les

-

Nyvac20 (WG) 30 (WG) ........................ n-Octane .......................................

2

I

Ctctyl Alcohol .................................. Oil (SAE) ...................................... Oil of TurPwttine ............................... Oila. Animal.. .......... ... .... ....... .......

2’ 1 2 x 2 2 1 1 1 Chemiul 2

-

1 1 1

H

_I
X

1

X

(continued)

f 1
2 2 X :~ 2 2 2 2 2

X

280

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES

RUBBER (contimed)

CHEMICAL

G

I

2 1

I

Y

I

E

I

U

I

0

O-Continued
Hydrauhc Flu&d ......................... (Sd0cate Ester Base) Oxakc Acid .................................... Oxygen ....................................... Ozone ........................................ P Pacemaker Types 15OT. 300T SC0T (Citgo) ................................ Pamt .......................................... Pam1 Solvents (Oil Base). ...................... Pamts (011 Base) .............................. Palm 011 ...................................... Palmmc Acid .................................. Paraffm (Petroleum) ........................... Paralormaldehyde ............................. Peanut 011 ....................................

OS 45

Use ChemcalI
-

I

2 es

1 -

I

-

-

X -

1 -

I

Pennant Motor OfIS ............................ Pentachlorophenol m 011. ...................... Pentane ....................................... Perchlortc Acid ................................ Perchloroethylene _. .

.
Use 20BHB C Use Chemrcal t es -

2 -

-

Pentasol ...................................... Petroleum 011s ................................. Petroleum 011s (Sour). ................. ._. ...... Pelroleum 011s (Refmed) ........................ Phenol (Carbohc Acid). ......................... Phenolates ..................................... Phorone ....................................... Phosphate Esters (to 150°F) ..................... Phosphate Esters (above 15o’F). ................ Phosphorrc Acid. ............................... Photographrc. Developers ....................... Photographrc. Emulsions ....................... Photographic. Fuung Solutrons .................. Phthahc Acrd ................................... PICNICAcid (Water Solution). .................... RneOil........................................ Pmene ......................................... Prperarme Hydrochlonde Solution

2 2 Use Chemical t 2 Use Chemmal Hoses

Use Chemical Hoses
1

-

...............
X

0-w
Prtch ........................................... Platmg Solution (Chrome) ...................... Polyester Resin ................................. Polyurethane (to 125’F) ......................... Potassium Acetate .............................. Potassium Bromrde ............................. Potassium Bmarbonate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use Chemical Hoses 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 -

.... ...
1 1 1 1 1

I

I

Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium

Brsulphrte ........................... &ornate ............................. Carbonate ........................... Chlorate ............................ Chromate.. ......................... Chloride ............................. Cuprocyantde ........................

1 1 2 2

.I

Potassium Potasrium Potassium Potarsium Potassium

Ferrocyanlde ......................... Fluoride ............................. (low) ..................... @Mb) ..................... (50%) .....................

.......................... Dichromate

1
1 Uae Chamial Hoses Use Chamical Hoses 1 1 X X 1 1 -

Potarrium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Hydroxide

Potasswm Iodide Potassium Nttrate Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium

.............................. ...............................

Permanganate ....................... Permanganate (5%) ................. Panuttate. .......................... Phosphate ........................... Sulfate ..............................

(continued)

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

281

TABLE 1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES t

RUBBER (continued)
u 0 , , , , I

CHEMICAL

0

I

2

I

I

I

I

I

p-continued
potassium Sulhde .............................. p0ta~sw-n Sulfite ...............................
potassr~rh Throsullate .......................... ....... Powerlube (Carter) ..................... :Prrmatol A. S. P (Agrrc Spray). ..................

: : -

i

1; / z
Use 2OBHB Only u! se Chemical Hoses 1 2 2 : 1 2 X 2 1 X 2 X 2 X X 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 X X 1 1 -

2 -

‘propane Gas

................................... P,op,onrc Acrd ................................. Propyl Acetate ................................. Propyl Alcohol (PrOpanOl) ...................... Propylene Glycol ...............................

2 -

1 2 2 1 2 1 2 X 2 1 X 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

-

2 2 2 2 2 X 2 2 ;

,

Purrna Insectrcrcte .................... Puropale RX 011s ............................... Pydraul F-9 ..................................... Pydraul SCIE .................................... Pydraul150 .................................... Pvdraul Pydraul Pydraul Pydraul Pydraul A-200 _. 260 _, _. _. 312 _.. 540 __. _. 625 _. _. _.

.........

2 X X

,
( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( > (

_._.
_.

_.
_. _.

_._. _.
_. _.

. _, _. _._. _._. ._. _.
.._.

X X X X X X X 1 X 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 X 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Pydraul 10E 23E LT. 30E. 65E ll-SE.. Pydraul. 135.. ._. __. ..__.___. Pyrene (Carbon Telrachlorrde) Pyrethrum...................................... Pyrrdrne (50%). _. _. _. _._. _.

_._._. _. _. _. _.

2

1 1 2 2 -

Pvrooard 51. 53 55.. .._.___. _. F+ogard 160 230 630 .......................... PyrogardC.0 .................................. Pyronal (Transtormer 011) ....................... Ramrod (Ag Spray) ............................ RandoOrls .................................... Rape Seed 011. ................................. Red 011 (Comm Olerc Acrd). .................... Retrned Wax (Petroleum). ...................... Regal 011s (R 6 0). ............................. Rrtchlreld “A” Weed Keller ....................... Rosm (Lrghl) ................................... Rubrlene 011s.. .................................

R

1 1 1 -

2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 X 1 1 1 2 1 1 1

jafetytex 215

...........

S

........................

jalrcylrc Acrd ................................... jail Water (Sea Water). ......................... jantosafe W-Gl5. W-G20. W-G30 ............... jauerkraut ..................................... ;CC 7204 (Strutter) ............................ ievin .......................................... *wage.. ...................................... ;FR Flurd B (Shell) ............................. ;FR Fluid C (Shell) ............................ ihellac ......................................... iiticone Grease ................................. iilicone OrIs ................................... iilw! Cyanide .................................. iilwr Nitrate ................................... ikydrol 500 A.1 7OW.. ......................... hap Solutrons ................................. ada Ash (Sodium Carbonate) ................. 0da Water ..................................... odrum Acetate

: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

: 2 2 1 1 1

: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

................................ odwm Benzoate. ..............................

1 1 1 1

2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

odrum Btcarbonate ............................ odrum Brsultate (Nrter Cdke) ................... odwmBrsulfrte ................................

i

j

_A
: 1 1

,
continued)

282

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook 1.70: VARIOUS THERMOPLASTIC POLYMERS FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES CHEMICAL G I z ! Y I t I U I a

TABLE

RUBBER (continued)

S-Continued
Sodmum

Sodrum Sodium Sodrum Sodjum
Sod!um

............................ D,ch,o;ate Ferr8cyanrde ......................... Ferrocyanide .......................... Fluorrde (70%). ......................... Hydrosulfrde ........................... ............................ HydroSUlflle Hydroxrde Hydroxide Hydroxrde Hydroxrde (10%). ...................... (40%). ...................... (50% 115°F). ................ (50% 160°F). ................

Use Use Use Use

2 2 2 -

CheTrcal Chemical Chemrcal Chemrcal 1 + + k
ES ES es

-

Sodrum Sodiwn Sodrum Sodrum

es
ES

Sodun Hydrorrde (60%) ....................... Sodtun Hypochlonte (5%) .....................
jodjum HypochlOrlte (20%) ..................... Sodwm HypoSuffate ............................

..... Sodlurn Metaphosphate ._.................. ................................. Sodaurn Ndrate
jodrum jodrum Sodrum jodrum
So&urn

Use Chemrcaf 1 2 1
1 -

1 -

X X -

Perborate .............................. Peroxrde ............................... Phosphates. ........................... .jrlrcate .................................
!julfde

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1 1

................................ ................................ Sod#“m !&lflle ................................. Sochum Throsulfate (HPO) ..................... jodrum Trrpolyphosphate (STPP) ............... Soln”s011s ..................................... Solvac 1535 G ..................................
jodrum Sulfate

.............................. Slannous Chlorrde
jtanorl Starch jtaysol jtearrc jtearin No 15. 16. 25, 31. 35. 51 ................ ......................................... FR ..................................... Acrd ............................ ........................................

joybean DIG.................................... jtannrc Chlorrde. ..............................

....... 2 1

jtoddard Solvent ............................... jtrarght Synlheuc OrIs ....................... (phosphate ester. phosphate ester base ) jtyrene (Monomer) ............................ ................. julfamrc Acrd ............... julfate Liquors ................................. jurfur (2OO%F) ................................. julfur Chlorrde ................................. julfur Droxrde (Dry) ............................

__

X 1 Use Chemrcaf k Use Chemrcal HOSeS

1 2 1 X X 2 1 Use Chemical Hoses 2 2 2 2 2 x 2 2 1 Chemtcal 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1

1

-

julfur Droxrde (Lrqurd). ......................... jullur Dfoxrde (Moist) .......................... _. ., julfur Hexaflounde (Gas) ................ julfur Trroxfde (Dry). .............................. julfurlc Acid ...................................

sses

untac WR Oils

.................................

.

..................... unvisOils (700.6@3.900) uper Hydraulic Oils ........................... 33 Fluid (ConooO) ............................. ynthetic oil (Citgo). ........................... T allOil ......................................... IIIOW ......................................... uvrrc Acid (10%) .............................. u (Bituminous) ............................... vOrl......................................... rrlaric Acid.. ................................. dlus Oils ..................................... rnol Oil8 ...................................... *pinwl ......................................

2 1 2’ 2

Synthetic

Resins and Polymers

283

TABLE 1.70:

VARIOUS

THERMOPLASTIC

POLYMERS
0

FOR HOSE STOCKS-GATES
HOSE POLYMER TYPES 2 1 2 : 1 1 2 2 I Use Chemical Hoses Use Chemical 2 v E

RUBBER (continued)
U c

I

I

I

I

I

Terresstlc .............................. Telraethyllead (TEL). ................... TefrahydrOfurNl (THF). ................. Tetralm ................................ Th,open ................................ Toluene (Toluol).. Toluene Dllsocyanate.. Transformer 011 (Petroleum Type) Transformer 011 (Askarel Types). Transmission FluId (Type A) Trlbutoxyethyl Phosphate.. Trlbutyl Phosphate Trtchloroethylene.. _. . Trlcresyl Phosphate (Skydrol) ‘Tne:banolamine ITEA)

T-Continued

2 2 -

X
X X

-

I
i

Y

/

:

. . _.. _. _. . _, _, . . . _. _._. . . . . . . ._ _. _._. ._.

. .

._ .

2

1 I

-

-i-

2 -

1

Hoses

I

I i

2 -

-

2

I

g

I r

Use Chemical Hoses

I

Tnpolyphosphate (STPP) ....................... Tung 011 ....................................... Turpentme ..................................... Tycol Avalon 50. 51. 60 ......................... Tycol A Turblo 37. 50. 58. 60 ....................

t
: 2

Ucon MI ....................................... Ucon Hydrolube Types 15OCP. 2DOCP. 275CP. 3OOCP. 550CP. 900CP. 150DB. 275DB. 150LT. POOLT. 275LT. 300LT. 2OONM. 300NM Umon Union Unton Union Union C-2 Flwd ................................ C-P 011 .................................. ATF Dexron ............................. ATF Type F .............................. Hydraulic Oil AW .........................

...

2 2

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Umon Hydrauhc Tractor Flwd ................... Urea Solubon .................................

2 2 1 Vmyl Acetate. .................................. Vmyl Chloride (Monomer). ...................... Vltrea Oils ...................................... X 2

2 2 1 -

c

A?(:hemlcal Hcse

C

I

Water .......................................... Water (Potable) ................................ Water(Brine) ................................... Water (Demineralized) ......................... (Distilled) ................................ Glycols ................................. in Oil Emulsions .......................... 6 Bagley No. 2190 Cutting Oil ............. Oil .......................................

1 1 1 ntact Gate 1 1 1 1 1 1 : 1

I
I I

I

Water Water Water White Wood

X
(XyW) .. .. .. .. . .. . ... ... . . . ... . ... ... . . X

xykme

z
2 : 1

zenc ........................................... ZmcAcetsle...................................
Zinc Chloride Solutions ........................ Zmc Hvdrate ...................................

Zmc Oxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Zinc Sulfate Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
‘FDA Hoses Rwuired

: 2

Rubbers and Elastomers

TABLE

2.1:

ACRYLIC

ELASTOMER-AMERICAN

CYANAMID

CYANACRYL is especially noted for its ability to withstand most lubricating oils at 350°F (176°C). including those sulfur modified lubricants, essential in the performance of hot running modern cars. Other petroleum based oils, such as high and low aniline point lubricating aliphatic hydrocarbons offer opportunities for outstanding performance by CYANACRYL. Resistance to chlorinated hydrocarbons, degreasers, LP gases, fuel oils, animal and vegetable oils and silicate esters is very good. Aromatic hydrocarbons, such as toluol, have some moderate to severe effects but ketones, some alcohols and oxgenated solvents can cause severe swelling. Nonpetroleum based brake fluid, phosphate ester, and diester synthetic lubricants can have a severe effect so CYANACRYL should be tested in these environments before using. CYANACRYL shows “fair” resistance to dilute and concentrated acids and bases. Therefore, caution or a “test first” method is suggested when considering it for this type of application. Fluid Fluid Ethyl Acetate Amyl Acetate MEK Varsol Toluene Kerosene Naphtha Acetone Trichlorethylene Perchlorethylene Reference Fuel A Reference Fuel B Reference Fuel C Leaded gasoline Lead free gasoline Water Freon # 12 # 2 Diesel Fuel Silicone Fluids Ethylene glycol Elco # 28 Oil (SAE 140) Texaco TL 3450 (ATF) Wheel Bearing Grease Regular SAE # 20 Oil Premium SAE # 20 Oil Premium 1OW - 30 Oil Premium Outboard Motor ATF - Type A ATF - Type C Hydraulic Fluid Mil O-6081 Hytran Tractor Fluid ATF Chrysler MS4228 Anti-Freeze Lubrizol G L-5 (SAE 140) Jet II Hydrocarbon Fluid NOTE: Resistance Data for CYANACRYL Acrylic 212°F(1000C) 7 hrs I1 wk 2wks Elastomer (Volume Change, %)

Room Temo. 24 hrs 118

250°F(1210C) 70

1wk

;
i

--

lwk

193
110 1.8 !12 0.85; 5.9

I I
I I I f I 1

I I 1 1 I I
I

Ii
167 3.3 45 80 28 332

I 1
f ;7 to 14 27

I I
I I
26 10 12 1 1.2 1.2 2.0 2.3 0.5

I 8.0 ’ 21.9
)o to -5.1

I I 1 I I
Oi
I I I

I I I I
1.5 1.7

1 2:; ; 1 3.0 I I ! I 1
3.0 2.0

-1.5 I I 13.0 8.6 6.7 28 75

All values in this tab le i Ire (+) unless ot

Rubbers

and Elastomers

285

TABLE

2.2:

FLUOROELASTOMER-ELKHART

RUBBER

In many applications, AFLAS outperforms other elastomers because of the following characteristics: (1) High temperature resistance (400°F long term; 55O+‘F shorter term); (2) Resistance to a wide range of chemicals (including acids, bases, steam, sour (H2S) oil and gas with amine corrosion inhibitors, oils and lubricants, hydraulic fluids of all types, brake fluids, bleaches, oxidizing agents, alcohol, etc.); (3) Durable physical properties; (4) Excellent electrical resistance-Dielectric constant at 60 Hz of 2.5. There are three grades of AFLAS. All provide essentially the same heat and chemical resistance but they differ in molecular weight (which can affect processing and physical properties). AFLAS 150E is the lowest molecularweight, AFLAS 150P is intermediate weight, and AFLAS IOOH is the highest molecular weight. AFLAS 100H is generally recommended for optimal extrusion, gas blistering, and compression set resistance. The following chart provides an indication of the chemical resistance of AFLAS. Since temperature, concentrations, mixtures, and elastomer compound selection can affect performance, this chart provides guidelines only. Unless otherwise noted, the tests were run on a 75 Shore A carbon black filled AFLAS 150P formulation with the following properties:
Orlglnal Pro~wtl*r of le.1 Formulation Shon A Hardness 75 Tensile Strength (pal) 2500 Elongation @ Break 120%

Where available, the chart shows the change in hardness (in Shore A points) and volume as well as the percentage of original tensile strength and elongation retained after immersion in the test fluid under the time and temperature conditions denoted. In other instances, volume change only is shown.
MEDIA
Adds .............................................................

RESISTANCE

OUIDELINES Amlnes ................................................. G to E 011s and Lubricants (Incl. synthetics. SF CD, etc.) .................................. G to E OXidlZlnQAQenlS ................................. G to E Sour (H2S) 011 and Gas with Conoslon lnhlbltors .................... G to E Benzene, Xylene, etc. .......................... F to G Fuels ..................................................... F to G Ketones ........................................................ F Chloroform ................................................... P F - Falr P - Poor

E Animal and VeQetable Oils ......................... E Bases ............................................................ E Brake Fluids ................................................. E Hydraulic Flulds (lncl. phosphate esters, Mil-H-5806, water/Qlycol, etc.) ........ E BteamrWaterlBrine ...................................... E Radiation ...................................................... E WeatherlnQ/Ozone ....................................... E Alcohol ................................................. G to E E. Excellent

G. Good

CHEMICAL

T

Test Condition

Property Retention After Test

CHEMICAL

Test Condition
rime lays

Property Retention After Test

AcetIc Acid Acetrc acrd/lO% Sodium chlonte Acetone Acetyl acetone Aeroshell Grease 67’ Amrne Corroston lnhrbrtors (see Oilfield Media) Ammonia (28%) Ammonium (28%) hydroxide

73 212 73 73 176

7
1

‘1.0
!4.0 io.0 i4.0

ASTM Oil 13 Benzene Benzene/Methanol Bl~;;~n’q, Bromine

212 350 73 3: 212 73

3 3 7 3 7 7 89 36

7.9 i3.0
Il.0 12.0 !l.O 0.0 6.2

7 3 2

8.0

30/X 501% powder 10%

158 73 7 180 3 7 Z

3.2 1 .o 1.0 2.5 3.2 .7 1.8 4.1

Aniline ASTM Oil I1

;: 158 73 212 350

Bromine 32%/ Hydrochlonc acid 1B%/Sulfunc acrd 25 % Calcium hypochlorite 10 % Caproic acid Carbon tetrachloride Castro1 325’

212 212 73 73 176

1 7 7 7 2

6.0 0 6.8 16.0 6.0

(continued)

286

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 2.2:

FLUOROELASTOMER-ELKHART

RUBBER (continued)
Test Condition Property Retention After Test

-CHEMICAL

1

Test Condition

Property Retentron After Test

CHEMICAL

Chlorine solution (saturated) Chlorine solution (Sat.), 35% Sodium chlonde 10% Sodium hypochlonte Chloroform Chromrc acid (62%) Chromic acid (46%)/ Sulfurtc acid (25%) Cyclohexane Cyclohexanone Diesel Fuel #2 95 Shore A Compcurw Diethyl ether D~octyl Cebacate Dloxane Dowtherm 209’ Ethyl acetate Ethyl benzene Ethyl benzoate Ethylene Chlorohydrrn Ethylene glycolMlater/ Nalcool 2000’ 50/5C 4 oz. per gallon Exxon Caloria HT43’ Freon TF Fuel B Gasoline Hydrochloric acid (37%

Nitric acid (20%) Nitrobenzene OILFIELD MEDIA Amine corrosion inhibitors (mtnerallblack filled compound) 1 % KW44’ in water 10% KW44’ in water 1% NACE A In water Sour gas, wet (35% H2S. 50% CH,, 15% COz. 10 ml Hd)) Sour oil. wet with 5% NICE B corrosion Inhibitor (47.5% ASTM %l oil. 47.5% HzQ, 5% NACE 6: Mixed gas 35% HzS 15% COz. 50% CHI under pressure) Skydrol 500’ Skydrol 5008’ Skydrol 500 84’ Sodium chloride (35%)/ Sodium hypochlorite (10%) Saturated chlonne solution Sodium chlorite (10%) Sodium hydroxrde 50% Sodium hydroxide 20% 2:: Sodium hypochlorite (10 % ) Sour (HzS) gas and oil (See Oilfield Media) Stauffer 7700’ Steam (93 Shore A cmpd) 212 7

212 73 73 73 73 73 212 302 73 212 350 73 212 73 73 73 73

2.5 7 7 7 7 7 ; 1 3 3 3 3 7 7 7 7

69 90
15

78 98 117

-9 -2 -1

5.9 12.0 1.7 2.6 13.0 22.0 9.0 29.2 42.0 8.8 20.0 57 0 6.3 88.0 22.0 26.7 0.0

NOTE Afhs rerrared

73 7 I I I 5fi I I
etastcmenc and dzl not

212 212 324 400

9c

i
14 4

2
66 40

150 144 194 86

-1
-4 -4

;.i
77 3.0

-3

75 70

103 121

-18 -5

350

6

111

-15

8.6

176 212 176

2 3 2

14.6 14.0 17.2

100 HI 15OP blend comoound

324 500 73 73 73 73 158 158 3: 212 73 73 73 185 73 73 320 392 73 73 73 73 212 212 400 400 73 73 73 73 73 5: 158

14 4

106 50
SOIVC

I 7 7 7
180 3 3 7 180 7 7 7 7 3 7 7 11 11 7 7 7 7 3 3 3 3 7 7 7 I80 30 7 I80 3

106 +; 164 -E \flas 15OP

1.1 11.0 58.0 25.0 .2 4.5 7.0 7.4 1.5 4.1 -1.1 0.0 19.0 2.0 .4 53.3 5.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.2 1.4 25.0 58.0 12.0 6.0 8.4 10.1 24.0 4.0 19.0 15.0 21.0 0.0 5.1 IO.0

212 212 2:;

100 57 58 63 105

107 112 85 117 99

-1 -2 -6 +1 c

Hydrochloric Hydrofluoric

acid (20% acid (50%

69 80 108 101 85 95 too

78 93 116 116 104 117 95

-9 -12 +2 -1 1; -1

5.9 22.0 1.2 1.1 -0.3 2.0 1.0

Hydrogen peroxide (30% lsoamyl alcohol Iso-Octane Kerosene KFlHF (111.8) Lacquer thinner Light oil Lithium Bromrde (58%) Lithium chromate Methyl alcohol Methyl cellosolve Methyl chloroform Methyl ether ketone Mil-H-5606 Mil-L-7808 Mobil 1 5W-30’ Mobil Super lOW-40’ n .hexane Naphtha Nitiic acid fuming Nitric acrd (98%) Nitric acid (60%)

94

111

03

106 99

106 1lC

+1 +1

Sulfur dioxide (5%) Sulfuric acid fuming Sulfunc acrd (96%)

350 320 392 392 550 104 73 73 73 2:;

3 7 ;:
4

80 91 ;z 65 69 76 98 99 :; 02 99

2 7 180 7 I80 3 : ; 7 7 7 3 3 7
obtained

120 84 97 100 145 84 98 99 101 98 104 105 98

-10 -3 :: -1 .4 -2 -3 -3 -1 fl 1;

Sulfunc Sulfunc

acid (60%) 2:; acrd (20%) 2:: 73 73 73 300 212 73

82 84

111 107

-6 -6

42

126

Toluene Tnchloroethylene Tnchlorotrlfluoroethane Wagner 218’ brake fluid Water Xylene
l

87 89
from

120 117

-8 0

18.0 4.6 16 1.3 1.6 78 4.2 7.4 0.4 2.3 4.4 0.1 0.4 0.5 04 41.0 95.0 49.0 9.0 1 1 30 0

rho

above

94 44

95 107

publlshbd

/nfot?muo/l was technical literature.

TABLE 2.3:
FL”,D RESISTANCE

FLUOROSILICONE
OF SILASTIC

RUBBERS-DOW
RUBBER’

CORNING
FLUID RESISTANCE OF SILASTIC LS-70 FLUOROSILICONE RUBBER’

LS-S3U FLUOROSILICONE

Nu,ds ASTM Reference Fuel B 1 1 4 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 1

lmmersron Condrtrons day/23 C (73 F) we&f23 C (73 F, weeks/23 C (73 F, day123 C (73 F, week/23 C (73 F) weeks123 C (73 F, day/&flux day123 C (73 F, week/23 C (73 F, day123 C (73 F, week/23 C (73 F,

Durometer. Pants Change -9 -9 -6
-10

TenSlIe srrengm Percent Change 42 -37 -39 -43 -36 36 -42 57 -57 -IQ 46 0 -30 -35 -9 -7 -13 -33 -70 -90

Elongation, PWCe”t Change -36 -36 -36 -36 36 -36 -44 -49 -36 -31 -33 -3 -5 -

tWlJ”Ie s we//, PerCe”f Change +22 l22 +22 +25 +25 l25 +29 +26 +25 +23 +22 0 +4 +12 +6 +7 +tO +13 +6 +2a

Te”Sh?

Volume

Flwds ASTM Reference Fuel B 1 1 4 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

ImmerS!on Cond!trons day1123 C 173 F, week/23 C (73 F) weeks/23 C (73 F) day/23 C (73 F, week123 C 173 F) weeks123 C’(73 i) day/Reflux day/23 C (73 F, week/23 C (73 FJ day123 C (73 F, week/23 C (73 F, day123 C (73 F, week123 C (73 F,

Duromefer. POl”lS Change -12 -12 -10 -10 -13 -15 -10 -19 -17 -16 -15 -5 -4

Strength. Percent Change -12 -13 -16 -16 -16 -20 -29 -42 -41 -37 -35 -4 -2

Elongarion. PerCent Change -10 -10 -14 -14 -14 -19 -33 -33 -19 -19 -14 -0 110

SbVe11. Parren,

_ __
+17 +17 lla 117 -30
I=

Change

ASTM

Reference

Fuel C

_.

ASTM Reference

Fuel C

10% Methanol/SO% 10% Ethanol,90% ASTM NO 1 Oil ASTM No 3 Oil Jet Fuel. JP-l Jet Fuel, JP-6 _.

No-Lead No-Lead

Gas Gas..

_. ._.... .................... ......................
_. _.

MIL-H-5606 (PO4226). MIL-L-7806F (Brayco 660 G, DI-P-ethylhexyl sebacate with 0.5% phenothwlne Skydrolt 5OOA.. _, _. _.

70 hrdl50 C (302 F) 70 hrs/lSO C (302 F) 70 hrs123 C (73 FI 1 day123 C (;3 F; 1 week123 C (73 F, 70 hrs1135 C (275 F, 70 hrs/150 C (302 F) 46 hrs/l50 C (302 F) 70 hrs1121 C (250 F)

-11 -6 -11 -12 -13 -11 -11 4 -6 -5 -7 -7 -7 -14 -7 -26

10% Methanol/SO% 1wb Ethanol/SO% Jet Fuel. JP-6

No-Lead No-Lead _.

Gas Gas.. _.

+20 +27 +22 +21 +16 +17 +3 +5 C

‘Obtained by add,“9 1 0 phr “arox to SILASTIC LS-70 ‘l~~r~~~l~c~ne rubber Slabs 0 075 mch truck were press cured 10 m,~‘?,, (340 F, and post cured 4 hrsQc0 C ,392 F) prmr to testmg

*Obtam& by addIn phr Varox to SfLASTlC LS-53” fluorosillcone rubber Slabs 0 075 inch tluck were press cured 10 mm,,71 C (340 F) and post cured 4 hrs/2@3 C (392 FJ war to testw +Skydro, IS B rqstered trademark 01 Monsanto lndustrlal Chemu.1 Company FLUlD FLUID RESISTANCE OF SILASTIC LS-SSU FLUORDSILICONE RUBBER’ TenslIe Sfrengfh. PerCe”f Change -17 -21 -17 -23 -27 -20 -23 -47 49 -37 -37 -3 -27 -25 -6 -13 +5 -25 -22 VOlU”l.9 SW/l, Percent Change +16 +20 +20 +22 +22 +22 +27 +2.3 +26 +22 +21 l1 +4 +10 +4 +5 +7 +10 +16 10 ml”/171 C Duromefer. POl”lS Change -17 -15 -16 -16 -16 -15 -16 -23 -20 -16 -17 -1 -62 -10 -6 -9 -6 -19 -12 TenSlIe Strength. Percent Change -29 -29 -29 -33 -40 -37 -53 -63 -54 -54 -45 -0 -26 -9 -6 -6 -11 -60 -14 Elongarron. Percent Change -19 -19 -19 -20 -20 -20 -41 -37 -24 -30 -20 -2 -22 -0 -0 -7 -11 -22 -16 Volume SbWll. Percent Change 4-Z .e +t4 +15 +17 +16 +15 ‘20 +26 ‘20 +19 +14 +0 +3 +6 +3 +4 ‘9 +12 ‘6 RESISTANCE OF SILASTIC LS-2249U FLUOROSILICONE RUBBER’

1 .O

Fluids ASTM Reference Fuel B _. 1 1 4 1 1 4 1 1 1

lmmersron Conddrons day/23 C (73 F, week123 C (73 F, weeks123 C (73 F, day/23 C (73 F, week/23 C (73 F, weeks123 C (73 F, day/Reflux day/23 C (73 F) week/23 C 173 F,

Duromefer, PO!“tS Change -14 -13 -14 -16 -16 -13 -14 -19 -19 -16 -16 +1 -4 -6 -9 -9 -7 -10 -15

Elo”geflon, PWCL?“f Change -10 -13 -13 -16 -19 -16 -33 -35 -26 -19 -16 -10 -13 -20 a d -10 -25 -7

Flurds ASTM Reference Fuel B

,“lmerS,O” Condrfrons 1 day123 C (73 F1 1 v&k/23 d (73 k) 4 weeks123 C (73 F, 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F, 4 weeks123 C (73 F, 1 day/Reflux 1 day/23 C (73 F, 1 week/23 C (73 F, 1 day123 C (73 F) 1 week123 C (73 F, 70 h&l50 C (302 F) 70 hrs/lbO C (302 F, 70 hrs/23 C (73 F, 1 day123 C (73 F, 1 week/23 C (73 F, 70 ha1135 C (275 F) 70 hrz.1177 C (350 F) 46 hrs/l50 C (302 F)

ASTM

Reference

Fuel C

ASTM

Reference

Fuel C

10% Methanol/W% 10% Ethanol/SO% ASTM NO 1 Oil ASTM No 3 011 Jet Fuel, JP-4 Jet Fuel. JP-6

No-Lead No-Lead

Gas Gas..

b w a m $ h s 8 3 3

10% Methanol/90% 10% Ethanol/90%

No-Lead ND-Lead

Gas Gas..

ASTM NO. 1 Oil ASTM NO 3 Oil .,_., Jet Fuel, JP4 Jet Fuel. JP-6 _.

,_. _. _, _. _. _. _. _.
Jet 1,.

_._.

MIL-H-5606 (PO4226). MIL-L-7606G (Stauffer Skydrolt 500A..

_. _. _.

1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 70 hrs/150 C (302 F) 70 hrs/l50 C (302 F) 70 h&23 C (73 F, 1 day123 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F, 70 h&135 C (275 F, 70 hrsIl50 C (302 F, 70 hrs/70 C (1% F,

_.
_.

_.

MIL-H-5= (Unwist J-43) MIL-L-7606 (Turbo 011 NO 15) DI-?-ethylhexyl sebacate wth 0.5% phenoth,az,“e

*Dbta,ned by .,,.,in~ , 0 p,,, “,,ror (0 SILASTIC LS-SW ,,“orosll,co”e rubber Slabs 0 075 I”& (340 F) ,nd port cured 4 hn/2OO C (392 F) prior to test!“9 +Skydrol II a rq,s,ered trademark 01 Monsanto l”d”strlal Chem,cals Compr~

thick IOre press curti

‘Ob,a,ned by add,“9 1 0 phr “arox to SILASTIC LS-2249” ‘luoros~lwzonerubber Slabs0075 &“ch thuck were presscured 10 ma”/171 C (340 F, and post cured 4 hrsQc0 c (392 F) pnor to test!“9 +Unws IS B reg,stered trademark of Humble 011and R&m”9 Company

h>

(continued)

2

TABLE 2.3:
FLUID RESISTANCE

FLUOROSILICONE
OF SILASTIC LS-2311U

RUBBERS-DOW
FLUOROSILICONE RUBBER’

CORNING

(continued)
FLUID RESISTANCE OF SILASTIC LS-2332U FLUOROSILICONE RUBBER’

Duromerer,
FluIds ASTM Reference Fuel B Immersmn Co”dr,ro”S 1 day123 C (73 Fl 1 we&23 d (73 F) 4 weeku’23 C (73 F) 1 day123 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 4 weekJ/23 C (73 F) 1 day/Reflux 1 d&23 C (73 F) 1 weeW23 C (73 F) 1 day123 C (73 F) 1 we&V23 C (73 F) 70 h&l50 C (302 F) 70 hrdl50 C (302 F) 70 h&23 C (73 F) 1 dav123 C 173 F) 1 we&/23 d (73 F) 70 hn/l37 C (275 F) 70 hrs/l77 C (350 F) 46 hrs’l50 70 hrsIl21 C (302 F) C (250 F) POl”lS Change -12 -11 -9 -12 -13 -10 -15 -15 -17 -12 -13 -2 -2 -10 -4 -7 -5 -6 -5 -39

TenslIe svengm Percent Change -14 -14 -16 -15 -17 -15 -15 -40 -45 -31 -29 +2 +5 -10 -10 -13 +10 -9 +4 -74

Elongation. PBICB”f Change -7 -14 -21 -7 -0 -14 -7 -29 -29 -0 -0 -6 -17 -17 +7 +7 -17 -17 -6 -17

Volume SWII, Percent Change +14 l14 114 +17 +17 +17 +20 ‘20 +20 +16 +17 +1 +3 +7 +2 +3 +7 +7 +6 17

Fluds ASTM Reference Fuel B

lmmersmn Co”d,ho”s 1 day’23 C (73 F) 1 week123 C (73 F) 4 weeks/23 C (73 F) 1 day123 C (73 F) 1 week’23 C (73 F) 4 weeks/23 C (73 F) 1 day:Reflux 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 weeW23 C (73 F) 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 70hrs/l50C(302F) 70 h&l50 C 1302 F1 70 h&23 C (73 F) 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 70 h&57 C (135 F) 70 hrsI150 C (302 F) 46 h&150 C (302 F)

Duromerer. Pomts Change -19 -19 -16 -21 -20 -20 -22 -23 -26 -21 -21 -0 a -6 -6 -11 4 -12 -1

Te”S,le Svenglh PerCe”f Change -3 -2 -1 -3 4 -4 -33 -27 -29 -10 -10 _ -0 -2 -

Elongarro”. percent Change -2 -2 -6 -2 d -2 -22 -11 -3 -2 -5 _ l5 +3 _ -

Volume SbVe,, P.YCe”t Change +17 +17 +17 +19 +16 ‘16 +25 +21 +20 +17 +16 +0 +4 110 ‘3 l4 +a +6 +Q

3 a 3

ASTM Reference Fuel C

_.

ASTM Reletence

Fuel C

2 _. x s

10% Methanol/W%

No-Lead Gas

10% Methanol/QO% No-Lead Gas 10% Ethanol/W% ASTMNo 1011 ASTM No 3 011 Jet Fuel. JP-t Jet Fuel. JP-6 No-Lead Gas

10% Ethanol/SO% No-Lead Gas.. ASTM NO. 1 011 ASTM NO 3 011 Jet Fuel. JP4 Jet Fuel. JP-6 ......................

5 s G’ > x 3 g 8 h

_. _._. ...................... _. _.

._ _._. _.

_. _. _.

MIL-H-5606 (Un,v,s+ J43) MIL-H-7606 (Turbo Oil No. 15) DI-P-ethylhexyl SebaCBte wth 0.5% phenothoazlne Skydrol” SOOA

MIL-H-5606 (Unwist J-43) MIL-L-7606 (Turbo 011 NO 15) CV-2-ethylhexyl sebacate wth 0.5% phenothiazme

‘Obtmmd by add,“9 1 0 ph, “arox 10 SILASTIC LS-2311” ,,“~r~s~l~c~“e rubber Slabs 0 075 mch thick were press cured 10 rnI”l171 C (340 F) and post CURCI4 hW?w c (392 F) pnclr to teStIn +Unw~r I) a repwwd trademark ot Humble 011and Refmmg Company “Skydrol 1sa rsp~rteredtrademark 01 Monsanto lndusinal Chemicals Company FLUID RESISTANCE OF SILASTIC LS-2323 FLUOROSILICONE BASE

‘Obtafned by addq t 0 phr “a,“.. to SILASTIC LS-2332” ‘l”~r~~~i~c~nerubber Slabs 0 075 mch thxk were press cured IO mm/l71 C ,340 F) and post cured 4 hrsr200 C (392 F) prior to tesl,nQ +“nws IS a regfrtered traclemark01 Humble 011and R&“l”Q Company

FLUID RESISTANCE

OF SILASTIC

LS-23SOU FLUOROSILICONE

RUBBER’

Fluids ASTM Reference Fuel B

lmmersron Cond!tions

Duromeler. Points Chanoe

Te”Slle Strength. Percenl Chanoe -14 -14 -16 -15 -17 -15 -15 -40 -45 -31 -29 +2 +5 -10 -10 -13 +10 -9

ElO”Wfl0”. percent Chanoe -7 -14 -21 -7

Volume Swell. Percent Change +14 +14 +14 117 +17 +17 +20 +20 ‘20 +I6 +17 +I +3 +7 +2 +3 +7 +7 +6 +7

Flurds ASTM Reference Fuel B

,mr”erSiO” Condlbons 1 day123 C (73 F) 1 week123 C (73 F) 4 weeks123 C (73 F) 1 day123 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 4 weeks/23 C (73 F) 1 day/Reflux 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week123 C (73 F) 1 day123 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 70 hrs/l50 C (302 F) 70 hrs/l50 C (302 F) 70 hrs/23 C (73 F) 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 70 h&150 C (302 F) 70 hrs/l50 C (302 F) 70 hrs/150 C (302 F) 70 h&150 C (302 F) 70 hrsi135 C (275 F)

Duometer. POi”fS Chanoe -11 -10 -9 -11 -11 -10 -12 -14 -15 -11 -10 +1 -1 -7 -6 -6 -7 -6 -9 +1 4

Te”S!le SWenglh. percent Chanoe -16 -16 -14 -23 -22 -16 -26 46 -59 -37 -37 -1 -16 -14 +2 +1 -16 -29 -39 4 -26

Elongation, percent Chanoe -16 -16 -24 -24 -16 -24 -29 -41 41 -16 -16 +I6 -13 -9 -6 -0 -17 -25 -29 -21 -29

Volume .%e/i. Percent C.k3noe +15 +15 +14 +17 rlR +17 +21 +21 +19 +12 +15 +I +4 l7 +3 I? +I3 +a ‘9 +I +6

_.

ASTM Reference Fuel C

10% Methanol/SO% No-Lead Gas 10% Ethanol/QO% No-Lead Gas.. ASTM NO 1 011 ASTM NO 3 011 Jet Fuel, JP-4 _........_...._.._.... Jet Fuel. JP-6 _.

_. _,_.

_. _. _.

MIL-H-5606 (Univist J-43) _MIL-H-7606 (Turbo 011 No. 15) Dt-P-ethylhexyl sebacate wth 0.5% phenothlazme Skydrol” 5WA.. ._

C (73 F) 1 week123 C (73 F) 4 weeks123 C (73 F) 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 4 weeks/23 C (73 F) 1 daylReflux 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 70 h&l50 C (302 F) 70 hrsllS0 C (302 F) 70 hrs123 C (73 F) 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 70 hrs/135 C (275 F) 70 hrs1177 C (350 F) 46 hrsfl50 70 h&l21 C (302 F) C (250 F)

1day123

ASTM Reference Fuel C

10% Melha”ol/QO% 10% Ethanol/O% ASTM NO 1 011 ASTM NO 3 011 Jet Fuel, JP4 Jet Fuel, JP-9 _.

No-Lead Gas No-Lead Gas..

_. _.
_.

_.

_.

..

_.

MIL-“-5606 (P04226) MIL-L-7606G (Stauffer Jet 1). MIL-L-23699 (Mobil Jet II) ATF-Dextron (AMOCO). Crude Oil API 315

_.

10 m,nilllC(2~0

* Otame*

by a&j,np F) and post cured 4 hrs 200 C (392 F) prior to test,“9

_. 10phr toSlLASTlC fl”OrO*lllCO”eSlabs “aror LS-2380” rubber 0075-4”ch-thlck Cured wsre press
(continued)

TABLE 2.3: FL”,D RESISTANCE

FLUOROSlLiCONE
OF SILASTIC

RUBBERS-DOW
RUBBER’

CORNING

(continued)
RESISTANCE OF SILASTIC *125lJ SILICONE RUBBER TO IMMERSION IN SOLVENTS AND LIQUID FOODS’

Ls-2640 FLUOROSILICONE

Tensde

Prop&lest Ekmgabon, P6XY?nf Change -27 -23 -26 -27 -39 -29 -27 -21 -17 - 13 -22 -6 -11 -62 -23 SWdl,
PWX?lll

Durometer,
POlfll

Floids ASTM Reference Fuel B ASTM Relerence Fuel C 1 day’23 C 173 F) , weeW23 C (73 FI 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 weeW23 C (73 F) 1 day:Reflux 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 1 day/23 C (73 F) 1 week/23 C (73 F) 70 hrs/l50 C (302 F) 70 hrs’l50 C (302 F) 70 hrsi23 C (73 F) 70 hrsil50 C (302 F) 70 hrsIl5C C (302 F) 70 h&i70 C (156 F)

Change -13 -13 -13 -13 -19 -14 -14 -13 -12 +1 0 -6 -5 -13 -19

Strength, Percent Change -40 -40 -43 -42 -57 -53 -50 -42 -36 -7 -27 -20 -16 -64 -55

m
+16 + 16 +20 +21 +26 +19 +22 +16 +17 +1 +3 +11 +9 +6 +23

Immersmn Llqwd Water Detergent. 3% m water.

Test Condrtions 14 days/l00 C (212 F) 14 days/62 C (160 F) 3 days/20psi 7 dew/62 C il60 FI 7 da&l50 7 days/150 14 days/23 14 days/23 7 days123 C’(302 ;) C (302 F) C (73 F) C (73 F) C (73 F)

Durorneter Hardness, Shore A-2, pornts change +3 t2 +5 +3 +2 +2 -2 -1 -1

TBnSlle Strength. percent change +a +2 -4 I-III -24 -29 +6 -10 -3

Elongation, percent change +7 -9 -9 -2 -35 -41 +10 -6 -2

Volume. percent change l1 -1 nil +2 +1 +1 +1 nil nil

Steari ___....._....,..__.,_....
coffee Vegetable 011.. Lard. Whiskey Cola Syrup Vinegar ........................

10% MethanolM% 10% E!hanol90%

No-Lead Gas No-Lead Gas

ASTM No. 1 oil ASTM NO. 3 011 Fuel. JP-4 MIL-H-5606 (PO-4226). ML-L-76M)G (Slaulfer Jet 1). Skydrol*’ 500A.

Jet

.................... .................. ................... ............. ...... ....................

................. ......................... ....................... .....................

‘~cm-rens ““lcanued wth molded onto0.075-m’-,h,ck ASTM slabs (1 Slmm) tar 5 mmuter/llS C (240 F), and oven cured for 4 houroi200 k (392 F) torlgmal !&WI duromster hardness - 54 pomts. twslle rtrsngti- - 1200 p.¶c, slongatlo” - 580 percant

10w.Rs TSSO 1W rubber wm,h,. Cadox per harts b” wess

290

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

2.4:

POLYSULFIDE

RUBBER-MORTON

THIOKOL

ST polysulfide rubber is a millable gum elastomer prepared from bis (2chloroethyl) formal and sodium polysulfide. Vulcanizates exhibit outstanding resistance to a broac’ spectrum of oils and solvents, to gas permeability, low temperature, ozone and weathering. Typical uses include gas meter diaphragms, rollers, printing blankets, o-rings, and many specialty molded items.

All of the solvent Immersion

tests were run with the following Parts by weight rubber 100 1 60 5 1 167

recipe:

Ingredients ST polysulfide Stearic acid

Sterling S Zinc peroxide Calcium hydroxide

Cure 30 minutes at 310°F

SOLVENT

RESISTANCE

AT ELEVATED

TEMPERATURE, Swell, % 1 month 58 6 46 67 41

140°F

Solvent Xylene Iso-octane Butyl acetate Methyl isobutyl ketone Water

Volume 1 week 45 6 46 37 21

RESISTANCE

TO WATER

(DISTILLED

AND

SALT)

Original Properties Tensile, psi Elongation, 96 Hardness, Shore A Volume Swell, % 1090 215 73

Immersed 14 days at 80°F Distilled Water 1065 215 71 2 4% NaCl Water 1100 215 72 1

Immersed 14 days at 158°F Distilled Water 665 150 67 12 4% NaCl Water 1050 215 70 2

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

291

TABLE 2.4:

POLYSULFIDE

RUBBER-MORTON

THIOKOL

(continued)

SOLVENT RESISTANCE (30-Day Immersion at 80°F - ASTM-D471-66, Method B)
SOLVENT VOLUME INCREASE, CONDITION % Esters Ethyl.acetate Butyl acetate Tributoxy ethyl phosphate Dibutyl phthalate Plasticizer SC TP-SOB” Plasticizer TP-95@ Plasticizer Dibutyl sebacate Dioctyl phthalate Flexol 3 G 0 Tricresyl phosphate Adipol BCA Ethers “Cellosolve” Solvent Bun/l “Cellosolve” Dibenzyl ether Butyl “Carbitol” Vegetable and Wood Oils Linseed oil Cottonseed oil Castor oil Corn oil White pine oil Crude soya bean oil Hydroxy Compounds Ethyl alcohol (denatured) Butyl alcohol Isopropyl alcohol Diacetone alcohol Prestone Methyl alcohol Ethylene glycol Gasohol Glycerine P-ethyl hexanol Inorganic Compounds 10% Sulfuric acid 20% Sulfuric acid 50% Sulfuric acid 100% Sulfuric acid 10% Nitric acid 50% Nitric acid 10% Hydrochloric acid 50% Hydrochloric acid 100% Hydrochloric acid 10% Sodium hydroxide 20% Sodium hydroxide 3% Sodium chluide sdution 10% Sodium chloride 10% Copper sulfate 10% Zinc chloride Water SOLVENT VOLUME INCREASE, CONDITION %

Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons Mineral oil Benzene Toluene Xylene Halogenated Hydrocarbons Carbon tetrachloride Ethylene dichloride Trichloroethylene Perchlorethylene Dowtherm A Monochlorobenzene

-2 110 70 41

OK Tender Swollen but OK OK

46 230 159 28 127 161

OK Very tender Tender OK Tender Tender

35 30 4 10 6 12 28 2 -2 1 7 20

OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK

Aliphatic and Aromatic Fuels, Oils and Solvents SR-6 (60% diisobutylene, 40% aromatics) SR-10 (diisobutylene) ASTM Reference Fuel Afa) ASTM Reference Fuel Bfb’ 73 octane gasoline 100 octane gasoline ASTM oil No. 1 ASTM oil No. 3 Turpentine Motor oil (Esso) Circa light process oil Diesel oil Circosol 2XH Paint thinner (Duco) Drip oil Gulf motor oil Pydraul F-9 Skydrol Sovaloid C Sovaloid N Sundex 53 Tetrahydrofuran JP-3 JP-4 Houghto-Safe No. 271 Organic Acids 10% acetic acid 50% acetic acid Glacial acetic acid Cresylic acid

14 11 30 13

OK OK Very tender OK

14 1 2 10 3 2 -4 -2 4 0 -2 3 -2 23 62 -3 37 24 30 2 -1 175 -2 1 2

OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK Slightly tender OK OK OK OK OK OK Very tender OK OK OK

-2 -2 -3 -4 14 4

OK OK OK OK OK OK

2 2 0 18 3 6 0 5 1 1 2 -2 3 3 _ 2 2 3 3 5 2 5

OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK OK

9 26 18 123

OK OK OK Tender

Ketones Acetone Methyl ethyl ketone Methyl isobutyl ketone la7 Reference Fuel A has the same composition
fbl Reference Fuel 8 has the same composibon

37 35 24

OK OK OK

OK Slightly soft Deteriorated 2 wks Deteriorated 1 day Deteriorated 2 wks Deteriorated 1 day OK Tender Deteriorated 1 day OK OK OK OK OK OK OK -

as Type I te?sffluid in Mil-H-3136 119501, i.e., fuel is 100% iso-octane. as Type III msf fluid in MY-H-3136 11950). i.e.. fuel is 70% iso-octane, 30% toluene (by volume/.

(continued)

292

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.4:

POLYSULFIDE

RUBBER-MORTON

THIOKOL

(continued)

EFFECTOFHALOGENATEDHYDROCARBONS VS Original Physical
Dichloromethane 1 week 1 month Dibromomethane 1 week 1 month Diiodomethane 1 week 1 month Trichloromethane 1 week 1 month Tetrachloromethane 1 week 1 month 1.2.Dichloroethane 1 week 1 month 1,1,2-Trichloroethane 1 week 1 month 1.1.2.2.Tetrachloroethane 1 week 1 month Pentachloroethane 1 week 1 month 285 295 410 730 120 200 67 69 235 240 1100 1140 800 810 250 260 67 65 54 54 1020 1000 950 740 220 250 64 64 328 307 1110 1100 820 620 270 320 84 63 Properties -

T
1100

M
950

E
240

H
70

VS Original Physical
Trichloroethylene Proparties -

T
1100

M
950

E
240

H
70

285 260

1180 1200

930 910

240 290

72 71

1 week 1 month Tetrachloroethylene 1 week 1 month 2-Chloropropane

153 156

1210 1290

920 960

270 290

69 70

34 32

1180 1085

920 850

250 250

68 68

Decomposed Decomposed

1 week 1 month 1.2.3.Trichloropropane

25 26

990 1040

820 1000

230 230

67 68

318 320

1160 1200

810 850

280 280

68 65

1 week 1 month Chlorobenzene 1 week 1 month 1.2.Dichlorobenzene 1 week 1 month 1.2.4.Trichlorobenzene 1 week 1 month 1-Chlorobutane

306 -

800 840

570 360

300 400

53 54

159 164

1200 1150

1000 950

250 280

70 67

159 166

1100 950

880 750

250 250

67 58

135 146

300 600

-

160 180

48 50

340 N.A.

1030 1010

800 750

260 280

64 61

1 week 1 month

32 32

1050 1110

900 1000

250 235

70 70

Decomposed Decomposed

VS-

volume swell

TH-

tensile strength, psi Hardness, Shore A

E- Elongation, %

M- 200% modulus, PSI N.A.- not available

RESISTANCE TO KEROSENE AND BUNKER C FUEL OIL
Original Properties 100% Modulus, psi 200% Modulus, psi Tensile, psi Elongation, % Hardness, Shore A Volume Swell, % 420 890 1200 280 72 Immersed 1 weak at 80°F Kerosene Bunker C 420 860 1140 270 71 1.2 420 880 1180 270 69 4.0 Immersed 1 weak at 158°F Kerosene Bunker C 260 590 790 260 67 4.0 410 870 1120 260 69 4.8

Rubbers

and Elastomers

293

TABLE

2.5:

POLYSULFIDE is a heavy-duty,

SYNTHETIC two-component to expand

RUBBER

SEALANT-STONHARD

STDNLAST flexibility

ing materials currently
allows the those properties

in use, and is unaffected
material

synthetic rubber sealant. It adheres tenaciously to just about all buildby exposure to water or most corrosive gases. STONLAST’s great and contract to compensate for movement, vibration, etc., and it retains (-65O to +215’F). value of Stonlast sealant when exposed

over a wide range of temperatures

The purpose of this “guide” is to aid in determining the potential to the damaging effects of erosive chemical spillages.

The test procedure used was to totally immerse cured samples of Stonlast in the chemrcals listed for a period of 30 days at normal room temperature per ASTM 0471.62T. Method B. (This is an exceptionally severe test, since n-lost areas subject to chemical spillages such as these are “flushed down” periodically with water as part of the normal maintenance operation ) The resultant resistance of Stonlast to the various chemicals (It is assumed that normal “good housekeeping procedures” with clean water.) RATING E G The (number) Excellent Good appears F NR CODE Fatr Not Recommended IS the percent volume swell. is related are used, using the symbols listed below. includtng a daily flushing down

which

next to each rattng

ACIDS Hydrochloric - 10%. Hydrochloric - 30%. Hydrochloric - 37%. Nitric - 10% Nitric - 50% Sulfuric - 10% Sulfuric - 20%. Sulfuric - 50%. Sulfuric - 100%. E (1 %) E (6%) NR NR NR E (1%) .E (1%) NR NR Copper Copper Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodium Sodrum

ALKALIES

AND

SALTS E (3%)

Sulfate - 10% Sulfate - 14% Chloride 3% Chloride - 10% Chloride - 36% Hydroxrde - 10% Hydroxtde - 20% Hydroxide - 50%

E (5%)
E E E E E (1%) (1%) (1%) (0%) (1%)

E (1%)

SOLVENTS (Aromatic Benzene. Toluene. Xylene. (Halogenated Hydrocarbons) NR (314%) NR (138%) G ( 61%) Hydrocarbons) F ( 78%) NR (605%) NR (474%) E ( 43%) NR (401%)

AND

OTHER

CHEMICALS (Esters and Plasticizers) G E G E E ( 48%) ( 36%) ( 55%) ( 8%)

(Aliphatic and Aromatic Oils and Solvent) ASTM Oil No. 1 ASTM Oil No. 2 ASTM Reference ASTM Reference JP-5.. Motor Oil. Skydroltv. SR-6. SR-10. Turpentine.

Fuels,

:
Fuel A Fuel B

E E E E

Carbon Tetrachloride. Ethylene Dichloride. Monochlorobenzene. Perchloroethylene. Trichloroethylene. (Hydroxy Compounds)

E
E : : : : : ::G E E E

( 1%) (12%) (-1%) (12%) ( 2%) (-1%)
(59%)

(21%) (11%) (11%)

Butyl Acetate Butyl “Cellosolve”‘” Adipate Dibutyl Phthalate Dibutyl Sebacate Dioctyl Adipate Dioctyl Phthalate Ethyl Acetate Propylene Glycol Ricinoleate TP-SOB’” Plasticizer TP-95’% Plasticizer Tributoxy Ethyl Phosphate (Vegetable and Wood Oils)

: :E
G

( 0%) ( 33%)
( 64%) ( 5%) ( 26%)

:E
E G E

( 51%) ( 17%)

Butyl Alcohol. Diacetone Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol (denatured). 2-Ethyl Hexanol Ethylene Glycol Glycerol Isopropyl Alcohol Methyl Alcohol.

E E E E E E E E

(-2%) (10%)

(Ketones

and Ethers) G .E ( 50%)

Castor

Oil

E

( -2%)
(4%)

( ( ( ( ( (

2%) 1%)
4%) 1%)

2%)
3%)

Acetone. Butyl “Carbitol”‘M. Butyl “Cellosolve”‘~. Dibutyl Ether Ethyl “Cellosolve’? Methyl Ethyl Ketone. Methyl lsobutyl Ketone

( 19%)

E ( 8%) NR (605%) E ( 28%) F ( 87%) E ( 36%)

Corn Oil. Cottonseed Gil: Linseed Oil Soya Bean Oil.. White Pine Oil.

: ::: :::::

E E E E E

( -3%)
( 0%)

( 0%) ( 17%)

294

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 2.6: CORROSION

SILICONE

ELASTOMER

LININGS-HURON

CHEMICALS

LTD

RESISTANCE DATA FOR SlLlGL4S~

LININGS* Temperature Conditions [“Cl Test Duration Corrosive Effect Noted

Concentration Acids Hydrochloric (HCl] Acid
1.2% 1.2%

Pwl

90-1000 200

200

68

30 %

28 40

.4 mils/yr loss .04% weight gain 24 mils/yr loss

Nitric Acid (HN031

7% 25% 50% Reagent Grade

200 200 200 28

68 40 40 40

.2 1.3 10 4.4

mils/yr mils/yr mils/yr mils/yr

loss loss loss loss

Sulphuric (H2504I

Acid

10% 50% 50% 50%

200 200 600 85O

68 30 45 24

1 mil/yr 2 mils/yr 18 mils/yr 15 mils/yr

loss loss loss loss

Phosphoric (H2PO3)

Acid

5%

85O

48

Smils/yr

loss

Bases Ammonium (NH4W Hydroxide 10% Reagent Grade 85O 60~ 48 45 4% weight gain 1.18% weight gain

Potassium (KOH]

Hydroxide

50%

85O

48

33 mils/yr

loss

Sodium Hydroxide

( NaOH)

10% 10% 20% 30% 50%

200 90-1000 6oQ RT” RT”

42 28 45 40 42

1.4 11.6 15 5

mils/yr mils/yr mils/yr mils/yr 17 mils/yr

loss loss loss loss loss

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

295

TABLE 2.6: SILICONE ELASTOMER LININGS-HURON

CHEMICALS LTD (continued) Test Duration Corrosive Effect Noted

Concentration Salt Solutions Potassium Chloride (KC11 100 gpl

Temperature Conditions [“Cl

[Days1
30

65O

10 mils/yr loss

Sodium Chloride ( NaCL)

30 gpl 30 gpl 300 gpl 300 gpl 9Czo 200 90-1000

68 z 40

1 mil/yr loss
.I% weight gain

.5 mil/yr loss
.I&% weight gain

Oxidizing Environments Electrolytic Sodium Chlorate Production Cell NaCI, 50-250 gpl NaC103, lOO-600 gpl NaOCI, 1.5-2.Ogpl pH=7 Hydrogen Peroxide (H202) Hypotower Simulation (No over-chlorination) pH- 14+ 10 5% 85O 48 .2% weight gain 900 700+ 4 mils/yr loss

20-500

147

2 mils/yr

Hypotower Simulation (50 over-chlorinations) pH- 14+ 5 Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCI-6%) pH 13 NOTE: lmil= .OOl inches.

2@800

70

7 mi Is/yr

200 600

42 45

2 mi Is/yr 7 mi Is/yr

* SiIigIas lining material is a silicone elastomer on a glass fiber backing.

296

Corrosion

Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

2.7:

URETHANE-AMERICAN

CYANAMID

CYANAPRENE A-8 CYANASET M 90% Shore A % V.C.’ . . . . . Acids . . . . . . . Acetic acid 5% Hydrochloric 10% Nitric acid 10% Sulfuric acid 3% Sulfuric acid 30% -3 0 -1 0 6.25 4.9 6.9 0.3

CYANAPRENE D-5 CYANASET M 90% Shore A % v.c.* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -5 -3 -2 -2 3.7 3.3 5.7 0.8

. . . . . Alkalies
Ammonium hydroxide 10% Detergent heavy duty Sodium carbonate 2% Sodium carbonate 20% Sodium hydroxide 1% Sodium hydroxide 10% Soap solution 1% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acetone Benzene Carbon tetrachloride Dimethyl formamide Ethyl acetate Ethyl alcohol Methyl alcohol Toluene Turpentine Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ASTM #I ASTM #3 Heptane lsooctane Kerosine Mineral oil Toluene Transformer -3 -1 +9 +7 -8 -4 -2

. . . .. .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0.75 0 4.2 3.6 0 -1.2 3.4

-4 0 -3 -5 -4 -2 -3

2.5 -0.25 A.: 0:3 -0.4 1.5

. . . . . . . . . . . Solvents
-29 -13 -7 -15 -3 0 -7 -2 0

. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105.2 76.4 27.5 40.4 17.8 11.4 37.8 3.2 1.4

-20 -11 0 -9 -5 0 -5 -2 -1 -2 -3 -1 0 -5 0

67.4 45.25 -0.25 31.4 13.9 14.6 21.3 0.3 1.3 0.3 1.3 1.0 0.5 21.3 -1.0

. . . . . . . . . . Oils, Fuels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0
0 +3 0 -7 +2

1.7 1.7 0.9 0.5 37.8 -0.3

oil

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aniline Ethylene dichloride Hydrogen peroxide 28% Sodium chloride 10% *% volume change. ASTM Test Method: -38 -30 0 -3 ASTM D-543-60T 367.9 109 5.9 -0.04

-35 -14 -3 0

239.5 53.9 3.8 1.3

Rubbers and Elastomers

297

TABLE 2.8:

URETHANE-DEVCON

Devcon FLEXANE is a two-component room-temperature curing urethane for forming abrasion resistant linings, repairing rubber parts or equipment, and forming flexible molds and parts. FLEXANE is available in putty and liquid form in two durometers. A FLEXANE flexibilizer can be used to produce urethane of any desired durometer.

Chemical Resistance of Aexane-ImllWSiOn

SampleSize:Yz~x% “xl’ Cure:7 Days@ Roomlemperoture Immersion:30 m

$g
Product Nome
Flexone 80 (Llquld &Puny) Rezone 94 (Llquld & RQ) Aerone High Petiormonce Pully Flexone Brushable Urelhone 1Rexone BIW I

,Ps
VG VG U VG

-D

_a?2

l3Y
VG VG U VG VG VG VG VG VG , VG ,

VG
VG VG VG VG ,

VG VG
U VG U

U U
VG U 1 VG

F

F F

U u F U 1 F 1

U u U U U 1

U u U u U 1

U u U u U 1

U u U u U 1

U u U u U 1

1 ’
/ ’ /

VG VG VG VG

V: U 1 VG 1

F F F

u

I

u

TABLE 2.9:

URETHANE

MEMBRANE-STERNSON

LIMITED

LIQUATHANE is a high performance elastomeric urethane rubber membrane. Applied as a liquid, LIQUATHANE is designed to protect concrete and steel from corrosive attack as well as exhibiting excellent resistance when used as a waterproofing/liquidproofing or between slab membrane.

CHEMICAL Exposure Acids

RESISTANCE

GUIDELINES

Resistance Good resistance to common industrial strength acids phosstrength

(0% to 15%), such as sulphuric. hydrochloric, phoric, lactic, dilute oxidizing agents. Alkalis Good resistance to common industrial

caustics (0% to 15%), such as sodium hydroxide, many chloride, sulfate and nitrate salts, saturated salt solutions. Fresh Water/ Sea Water Excellent resistance

298

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.10:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS-AMERICAN

CYANAMID

Test Formulas CYANACRYLO J-c 100
100

-R CYANACRYL R Polyacrylate CYANACRYL L Polyacrylate c Polyacrylate cuwRn Chgn&um HR 665 vamac B-124 General Elecnic SE-3724 N-550 (FEF) Carbon Black N-990 (MT) Carbon Black Hi-Sil 215 Precipitated Silica Maglite D Hercoflex 600 Dioctyl Sebacate ~araplex G-25 silane A-189 zinc Oxide stearic Acid TE-80 Petrolatrrm Armeen 18-D NPS Red Oil Soap curative c-50 Spider Sulfur CYUFAM@DS Horfax Disk No. 1 DPG Total Parts 100

NBR -

g

z

124 100 55 60 60 15 40 10 5 10 5 0.4 3 1 2 40

2

2

2

2 0.5

3.5 0.3

3.5 0.3 8 0.3 0.3 2 1.2 ‘ 165.8 170.3 179.7 186.7 100.0

-160.8

Imersion

in Synthetic Fluids for 168 Hours at 3OO'F CYANACRYL@ -!L L -2 -36 -47 +7

-R Valvoline ESP (Blend) Hardness Change. points Tensile Change, X Elongation Change. X Volme Change. x Mobil 1 (LAOO) Hardness Channe. points Tensile Chang;,~%Elongation Change, % Volume Change. X Polar Start DN-600 (LAB) Hardness Change, points Tensile Change. X ElongationChange, X Volume Change, X Chenlube (DAE) Eardness Change, points Tensile Chang;. X Elongation Change. X
Volume Change. X

NBR -

EA8 -2 -21 -33 +12

SI -16 -20 -12 +28

+1 -28 -45 +5

0
-5 -8 +7

+10 -67 -49 +1

-3 -31 40 +9
0

-6 -35 -41 +11

-2 -12 -11 +10

+16 -78 -86 +1

-5 -27 -36 +18

-13 -15 -4 +25

-14 -52 +7

-4 -21 -52 +10

-3 -12 -12 +10

+12 -71 -53 +2

-7 -14 -20 +15

-15 -24 -12 +28

-7 -6 -25 +13

-13 -30 -35 +20

-12 -22 -2 +19

+8 -77 -62 +6

-20 -39 -41 +42

-16 -25 -18 +28

Ultra E-11 (DAE) Hardness Change, points Tensile Change. X Elongation Change. X Volume Change. x
CYANACRY NBR EAE SI L acrylic elastomer nitrile polymer ethylene acrylic silicone

-9 -8 -12 +18

-17 -24 -15 +28
LAO0 LAB DAE

-16 -34 -3 f26

+13 -80 -100 +8

-19 -50 -49 +69

-16 -29 -13 +24

I inear alpha olefin oligomer linear alkylated benzene dibasic acid ester

Rubbers

and Elastomers

299

TABLE 2.11:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-DU

PONT

Chemical
GATlNG KEY A-Flurd B-Flurd C-Flurd has kttle or no effect has mmor to moderate effect has severe effect

Resistance *
T-No X-No data-kkely to be compatible data-not likely to be compahble VlTW@ ;:

chemical Acetaldehyde Acetic acid. 20% Acetic acid. 30% Acetic acrd. glacial Acebc acid. glacial Acetic anhydride Acetone Acetylene Alummum chloride solubons Alummum sulfate solutions Ammoma. anhydrous Ammonium chlonde soluhons Ammomum hydroxrde solutrons Ammonium sulfate solubons Amy1 acetate Amyl alcohol AmIme Anrlme Annme ASTM 011 xl ASTM 011x3 ASTM reference fuel A ASTM reference fuel B ASTM reference fuel C ASTM reference fuel C Asphalt Banum hydroxide solutrons Beer Benzaldehyde Benzene Benzoyl chlonde Borax solutions Borrc acrd solutions Bromme, anhydrous lrqurd Butane Butyl acetate Butyraldehyde Butync acrd Calcium brsulfite solubons Calcium chlonde solutions Calcrum hydroxide solubons Calcium hypochlonte, 5% Calcrum hypochlonte. 20% Carbon btsulfrde Carbon dioxrde Carbon monoxrde Carbon tetrachlonde Castor 011 Chlorme gas, dry Chlonne gas, wet Chloroacehc acid Chlorobenzene Chloroform Chlorosulfonrc acrd Chromtc acrd, lo-50% Citrrc acrd solutrons Copper chloride soluhons Copper sulfate soluhons Cottonseed 011 Creosote 011 Cyclohexane Drbutyl phthalate &ethyl sebacate Droctyl phthalate DOWTHERM A DOWTHERM A Eprchlorohydnn Ethyl acetate Ethyl acetate Ethyl alcohol Ethyl chlonde Ethyl ether

i t

C C

A
B 0 A

t B (100°F) 1 : 1 1 A :: B A C

E
r A A A A L A A A AAB -

‘;; i
A&F)
: A (15B”F) A (1WF) A(t$F) -

c
A
A

c
C A A A C A A A

(2:U’F) 5t A
(ZO(PF) A (200°F) A (2;VF) c,toBw, A B (‘:PF’ Ii

A

7

-

B-C X

C

:I:% A (15bF) A (15BF) B (l&F,

1;:; A 8-C C x A A : C ; C r : B X : A A A : T C 6 X : X C ; A A A A-B X C X T r T A (4&V, x x C ; f :: : (2t;F)

A (2!2’F) A-B B(lWF) C (300°F) A (300°F) A (350°F) A A A A (4pF) A * ,1LF, B A A B (2l;PF) A C C T A A A B (t:bF) : A (t:B”F) A (2:TF) : A A C A A A A (3:1pF) A (212°F) A B B

8 A (200°F) A : A (ZL, A (200°F) : C ;:; A (2OODF) A (Z&F, A (2:B’F) A (2:EPF) A (200°F) A(& B” A X C A (&F, A A A A : : C B r C A (25°F) ! r

T A B A A : B

‘;; T A -

7 A A A x B 7 C

: A 8 : B c A (l&F) C C B (&F) A B C c X (15kF) : B -

A (2:,F) B (4OBF) C (12PF) C

7

A C

(continued)

300

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 2.11:
Chemical

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-DU

PONT
Neoprene C(lZoT, A (1rFt 7 A(lyFI

(continued)
VAMAC’

Ethylene dichlonde Ethylene glycol Ethylene oxide Exxon 2380 turbo oil (lubncant) Ferw chloride solutions Fluos~lw acid formaldehyde, 40% Formaldehyde. 40% Formic acrd FREON*-11 FREON-l 1 FREON-12 FREON-12 FREON-22 FREON-22 FREON-l 13 FREON-113 FREON-1 14 FREON-l 14 Furfural Fyrquel.220 (hydraulic fluld) Gasoline Glue Glycertn n-Hexane Hydrazme Hydrochlow acid, 20% Hydrochloric acid, 20% Hydrochlonc acid, 37% Hydrochloric acid. 37% Hydrochloric acid. 37% Hydrocyanic acid Hydrofluoric acid. 46% Hydrofluonc acid. 75% Hydrofluonc acid. anhydrous Hydrogen Hydrogen peroxtde. 90% Hydrogen peroxrde. 90% Hydrogen sulfide lsooctane Isopropyl alcohol Isopropyl ether JP-4 JP-5 JP-6 JP-6 Kerosene Kerosene Lacquer solvents Lactic acid Lmseed oil Lubrlcabng oils Magnesium chloride solutions Magnesium hydroxide solubons Mercunc chlonde solubons Mercury Methyl alcohol Methyl ethyl ketone Methylene chlonde Mineral oil Mobrl XRM 206A (aircraft lube) eng. Naphtha Naphthalene NWc acid. - 10% Nitnc actd. 30% Nitric acid. 30% Ndnc acid. 60% Ndnc acid. 70% NW acid. 70% NW acid. red fummg Nitric acid. red fummg Nitrobenzene Olelc acid Oleum. 20-25% PalnWc actd Perchloroethylene Phenol Phenol Phosphonc acid. 20% Phosphoric acid. 60%

A(2:IF) X

i 1 r 0 ks c a c E-c
i 7 -

VITOY' A-B(lZU'F) A(25O'F) C(l5c'F) A(39FF) A T

i
C,l;F) A-B T(lJ(PF) A.8 B(l3U'F) C X(lWF) T&F, B C&F) A(2lPF) A A A(2WF) z A A(23fTF) A(l5PF) B(2jg"F) A k&F, A A A C(27U'F) B(27BF) A A

c Y’ A-0 I (13U'F) A&F, A A(l3VF) A(&F) r&q B B A(lWF) AWW A A

-

a ;;

A&F) A(4OU'F) A(lOVF) C(S5U'F) :::z; C A A,lAF) A A ;1 B S&F, A(3k-l A(158T) A(l76F) A A

x x x x x X r B

A

,lAF,
A

C(&F, B

e

A(2:Z'F) A(2lPF) B(3WF) A(2:FF) (continuec

Rubbers and Elastomers
TABLE

301

2.11:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-DU

PONT
Wcoprcnc :: C C ;; A

(continued)
NOADEV A A C C 7 A A 8” F ;: A (2:lPF) A (21z”F) ; ; A A : A C B A (350°F) B : A A B A A t C : c z A s z C A (2;F) A A C A (&F, A(2:pF’ c T T A A A-0 X X ; ‘;; i T : : : A(15CF) c : i rT A(21tF) A (250°F) A VAMAC'

Chemical Phosphonc actd. 70% Phosphoric acid. 65% Ptckkng solubon (20% nttnc actd. 4% HF) Pickling solution (17% nitric acid, 4% HF) Pickling solution (17% nitric acid, 4% HF) Picric acid Potassium dichromate solutions Potassium hydroxide. dilute solutions Pydraul312C Pyridine OFl-2023 (silicone brake fluid) SAE#lOoil Sea water Shell turbine oil 307 Silicone grease SKYDROL 500 SKYLUBE 450 Soap solubons Sodium chloride solutions Sodium dichromate. 20% Sodium hydroxide, 20% Sodium hydroxide, 46th% Sodium hydroxide, 46’h% Sodium hydroxide, 50% Sodium hydroxide, 73% Sodium hypochlorde. 5% Sodium hypochlorite. 20% Sodium peroxide solutions Soybean oil Stannic chlonde Stannous chloride. 15% Steam (see water) Steam Steanc acid Styrene Sulfur, molten Sulfur dioxide, gas Sulfur dioxide, liquid Sulfur tnoxtde Sulfuric acid, up to 5% Sulfuric actd. 5-10% Sulfuric actd. 1 O-50% Sulfuric acid, 50-60% Sulfurtc acid, 60% Sulfuric actd. 90% Sulfuric acid, 95% Sulfuric acid. 95% Sulfuric acid, fuming (20% oleum) Sulfurous acid Sunoco XS-620 (EP lubricant) Tanntc actd. 10% Tartaric acid Tetrahydrofuran Toluene Tributyl phosphate Trichloroethylene Trichloroethylene Tricresyl phosphate Triethanolamine Tnsodium phosphate solutions Tung oil Turpentine Water Water Xylene Xylene Zinc chloride solutions

HYPALOW@ A (269v A (200°F) A A(150”F) _; A (26@v A (2rF) c c A : C A (20aF) A (2& A (2OpF) A :I:% A(& A (2WF) A A (2$F) A I) (1GFj E : C A A (2& A (1FF) A B (:;BpF) A ,& A A (2mF) C : C c A(l52’F) :: A&F) A (2;rTF) A (2;F)

X
X

i
A (2&) T T ;7 A A (2:QF) A (1yF-f

BWV AW’=-l

A
T

C
::

A ,& c r

A (lSi?Ff A (2:PF’ a (15IpFf A

A(IWF)

A

‘Doless

otherwise

noted,

concentration

of aqueous

solutions

ore saturated.

All

ratings

are at room

temperature

unless

speciflod

HYPALON HYTREL NEOPRENE

-

chlorosulfinated polyethylene polychloroprene

polyethylene

NORDEL VAMAC VITON

-

synthetic rubber ethylene acrylic fluoroelastomer

302

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE

2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND

RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

Exxon butyl rubber and its chlorinated analog, chlorobutyl rubber are isobutylene-isoprene basically inert, nonpolar, stable elastomers which exhibit outstanding resistance to attack ent chemicals.

copolymers. They are by a great many differ-

VISTALON elastomers are classified generically as either ethylene-propylene copolymers (EPM) or ethylene-propylene terpolymers (EPDM). All grades of VISTALON EPM have a completely saturated hydrocarbon chain which makes them highly resistant to attack by chemical agents such as oxygen, ozone, acids, and the like that seek to react at the site of a double bond. Exxon elastomers offer good resistance to water, inorganic glycol base antifreeze formulations, and to most inorganic elastomers show good resistance to attack by acids, amines, ethers, and ketones. Resistance to detergents and soaps is or in 1% solutions which approximate the concentrations cations. salt solutions, bases, synthetic hydraulic fluids, ethylene acids. When immersed in organic compounds, Exxon and oxygenated compounds-alcohols, aldehydes, esters, excellent whether in concentrated form (as purchased) of these materials commonly used in household appli-

Exxon elastomers display good resistance to attack by animal or vegetable oils. However, they are like other petroleum derived synthetic polymers in that their resistance to the attack of hydrocarbons, oils, and other petroleum based chemicals is low. Only VISTALON 6505 blends with nitrile and polychloroprene rubbers maintain good physical properties after prolonged exposure to these materials.

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF COMPOUND

BASED ON INTERMEDIATE

UNSATURATION

BUl-YL RUBBER

72 Hours Immersion at 212OF VOlUnW change n WATER Distilled Water Sea Water--Atlantic Sea Water-Pacifu INORGANIC ACIDS Boric Acid (10%) Chlorosulfanic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (Cont.) Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Hydrochloric Acid (Cone.) Hydrofluoric Acid (Cont.) Nitric Acid (10%) Nitric Acid (Cow.) Phosphoric Acid (Cont.) Sulfuric Acid (10%) Sulfuric Acid (Cont.) INORGANIC BASES Ammonium Hydroxide (10%) Ammonium Hydroxide (Gnu.) Barium Hydroxide (Cont.) Calcium Hvdmxide (10%) Potassium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (Cont.) INDRGANIC SALTS (25% Sofutiona) Aluminum Chloride Aluminum Sulfate Ammonium Chloride Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium Phosphate +0.78 +0.56 +1.04 +0.93 Disintegrated +6.60 +19.6 +3.70 +15.9 -1.94 +9.09 Disintegrated -0.46 +0.24 Disintegrated +1.89 +1.88 -0.45 +1.16 +2.85 +1.92 102.4 94.0 93.5 82.4 +1 +2 Unchanged Unchanged Tensik stmngth Retained % 95.8 98.8 95.8 103.0 83.1 63.9 96.4 81.9 89.0 -

fl0llgdfOll
Retained % 81.8 90.2 88.8

Hardness Change Pts. +1 +2 +2

surface
Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged V. Brittle Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged -

94.1
75.1 68.6 78.4 109.8 58.2

+1
-2 -3 -2 -8 -3 -

958 105.4 98.8 97.0 98.2 101.8

86.3 96.1 86.9 82.4 88.2 91.2

-1 -3 +2 0 -2 -2

Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanned Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged

+0.11
+0.50 +0.51 +0.13 +0.21 +0.57

99.4
89.2 97.0 94.0 95.2 96.4

88.2
78.4 83.7 83.7 85.0 82.4

0
-2 +1 +1 0 f2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

303

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

72 Hours Immersion at 212“F VdumC Change K Banum Chloride Barium Sulfide Calcium Chloride Calcium Hypochlorite Cupric Chloride Cupric Sulfate Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferrous Sulfate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Sulfate Nickel Sulfate Potassium Chloride Potassium Permanganate Potassium Bisulfite Potassium Dichromate Sodium Borate (Borax) Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Chloride Zinc Chloride Zinc Nitrate ORGANfC ACIDS Acetic Acid (10%) Acetic Acid (Glacial) Chloracetic Acid (10%) Citric Acid (10%) Formic Acid (10%) tactic Acid (10%) Oleic Acid (100%) Oxalic Acid (10%) Phenol (10%) Phenol (100%) Picric Acid (10%) Stearic Acid (100%) Tannic Acid (10%) Tartaric Acid (10%) ALcoHoLs Benzyl Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol Isopropyl Alcohol Methyl Alcohol Ethylene Glycol Gfycerol 1 Hexand Resorcind ALDEHYDES Benuldehyde Butyraldehyde Furfural AYINES Aniline Triethanolamine UDMH +0.17 +0.39 -0.46 +0.69 +0.48 +0.94 +1.50 +3.65 +0.48 +0.31 +0.82 +0.79 -0.07 +0.58 +1.41 +0.61 +0.34 +0.52 0.00 io.73 +0.24 Tensik Strengtfr Retained SC 95.8 94.0 89.8 98.8 98.2 91.6 95.2 97.6 92.8 94.6 94.0 94.0 90.4 93.4 92.8 91.6 94.6 94.6 100.0 94.0 94.6 Efongatifm Retained % 82.4 82.9 77.1 80.4 84.9 80.4 76.5 93.0 81.8 84.3 81.0 84.3 82.4 84.3 83.3 77.1 84.9 84.3 82.4 80.4 80.9 Hardness Change Pts. +1 0 0 -2 +1 +1 0 -4 +1 +2 +1 +1 +1 -6 0 0 -1 +1 -1 0 +2 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged V. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

+10.9 + 14.7 +9.w +0.69 +12.3 +6.12 +B22 +2.36 +2.82 -7.54 + 14.6 +92.8 -0.76 +1.u +3.19 +2.04 +2.44 +0.63 +0.36 -0.52 +17.B +0.50 +12.3 +24.9 +4.37 +7.97 -11.1 +13.7 +67.2 +43.7 +22.5 +14.7 +1.80

88.0 79.5 86.7 97.0 86.0 90.4 28.3 97.6 103.6 116.3 78.3 111.5 96.4 97.0 106.6 91.0 89.8 98.2 loo.0 98.8 95.8 103.6 94.6 69.9 108.4 98.2 100.6 54.2 31.3 51.2 88.0 60.2 112.1

73.9 67.2 72.0 85.7 68.6 74.5 50.4 81.8 94.1 110.4 61.4 105.3 86.3 88.2 98.0 82.9 91.6 91.6 84.9 86.3 104.6 91.6 102.0 90.2 101.4 109.2 88.8 79.8 46.5 78.4 83.7 67.3 103.3

-6 -3 -3 +2 -4 0 -38 +1 -4 -7 -5 -4 0 +2 -9 -3 -3 +2 +2 +2 -23 +3 -19 -25 -8 -15 +2 -18 -35 -33 -22 -17 -6

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Sf. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Sf. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged (continued)

ESTERS
Amy1 Acetate Dibutyl Sebacate Dioctyi Phthalate Ethyl Acetate Tricresyl Phosphate

304

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

72 Hours Im-ion TdkStNn#l
RJtJinedw RJunedY

at 212*F
HarlhleJJ ChJnrPts. suhce con&ion

Ehngation

ETHERS Dibenryl Ether Diethylene Glycd Monobutyl Ether Ethyl Ether Ethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether HYDRDCARBONS
BelueM

+20.6 +4.89 +54.8 +5.01 +125.6 +243.5 +190.2 +144.1 +94.4 +108.8 +198.0 +206.8

99.4 110.8 28.9 W.0 19.9 18.1 15.7 15.7 22.3 83.1 10.2 16.3

111.8 104.9 30.0 89.6 24.1 17.7 26.1 22.2 22.2 75.9 26.1 25.5

-25 -12 -34 -12 -37 -37 -43 -35 -32 +12 -51 -45

Unchanged Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Sf. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged

Cyclohexane Ethylbenzene Heptane
HexJnJ

Naphthalane Toluene Xylem HALDGENATED HYDROCARBONS 8enzyl Chloride Bromobenzene Carbon Tetrachloride Chloroform Ethylene Dichloride Perchlorathvlene OTHER SUBSTITUTED HYDROCARBONS Carbon Disulfide Nitrobanzene KETONES Acetone Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl lsobutyl Ketone DETERGENTS&OTHER CLEANING PRODUCTS Calgonite (1%) Clorox (1%) Clorox (Cont.) Joy (1%) Joy (Cont.) Lestoil (1%) Lux Flakes (1%) Rinse Dry (1%) Rinse Dry (Cow) Tide (1%) NATURAL FATS 6 OILS Butter Castor Oil Cottonseed Oil Lard Oleomargarine Olive Oil White Mineral Oil OILS 6 FUELS A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 2 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil A.S.T.M. Fuel A A.S.T.M. Fuel B A.S.T.M. Fuel C Heating Fuel Oil Jet Aircraft Engine Oil Kerosine

+225.8 +85.2 -I-37.9 +194.3

Disintegrated Disintegrated 18.1 21.1 39.8 12.7

20.2 21.6 45.7 17.1

-38 -32 -24 -46

Unchanged St. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky

+ 144.9
+11.9 +7.92 +15.7 +61.4

21.7 101.2 85.5 48.8 35.5

21.0 106.9 88.8 53.5 49.0

-30 -20 -11 -18 -32

SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky

+1.76 +1.13 +1.20 +2.08 -0.13 +2.94 +1.78 +1.18 +1.34 +1.38 +23.1 -1.25 +19.2 t28.9 + 15.3 +24.8 t 100.6 +64.3 +88.2 + 173.4 + 159.0 +199.5 +232.7 +224.1 +92.3 t262.0

102.4 103.0 103.0 102.4 100.0 100.6 105.4 101.8 95.2 100.0 66.9 89.8 71.1 75.9 81.9 71.1 28.9 38.0 33.1 16.3 18.1 13.3 13.3 13.3 13.3

92.2 88.8 88.2 91.6 90.2 96.1 96.7 88.8 86.3 93.1 97.7 86.9 94.1 104.5 102.6 99.4 31.4 56.3 59.4 40.6 25.5 22.9 21.0 22.9 22.2

+1 +1 Cl1 +1 +1 -1 0 +2 +2 -1 -21 0 -18 -22 -17 -21 -33 -34 -36 -46 -40 -45 -47 -45 -47

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

305

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

72 Hours Immersion at 212OF Volume Changa K AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS Chassis Grease Motor Oil (lOW.30) Gasohnc’ (RON 94) Gasohne’ (RON 99) Gasohne’ (RON 102) Gasolme: unleaded HYDRAULK FLUlDS Dronite Pydraul Pydraul Skydrol Skydrol 8200 F-9 60 500 +13.4 +27.7 +9.79 +14.1 +12.3 +2.39 +0.12 +1.11 -0.23 -0.12 69.9 74.7 98.2 92.2 88.6 100.6 101.9 101.2 97.0 93.4 79.9 102.0 103.9 107.3 103.3 85.7 86.9 88.8 88.2 82.4 -15 -26 -18 -24 -22 +2 +2 +2 -1 +3 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged +44.8 +157.6 +200.8 +181.9 +202.5 + 162.0 40.0 17.5 15.7 15.7 14.5 12.7 45.7 30.8 21.6 20.2 20.2 18.2 -35 -56 -43 -39 -43 -43 SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Tensik Strength Retained K Elongation Retained K Hardness Change Pts. Sur(acC Condition

MfSCELLANEDUS Gelatin (sat. sol’n.) Glucose (sat. sol’n.) Tincture of Iodine Prestonc antifreeze Dowgard antifreeze

One Month Immersion at 7S” 2 5OF VOIU~ Chmge % WATER Distilled Water Sea Water-Atlantic Sea Water-Pacific lNORGANlC AClDS Boric Acid (10%) Chlorosulfonic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (Cont.) Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Hydrochloric Acid (Cont.) Hydrofluoric &id (Cont.) Nitric Acid (10%) Nitric Acid (Cont.) Phosphoric Acid (Cont.) Sulfuric Acid (10%) Sulfuric Acid (Cont.) INORGANICBASES Ammonium Hydroxide (10%) Ammonium Hydroxide (Cont.) 8arium Hydroxide (Cow) Calcium hydroxide (10%) Potassium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (Cont.) INDRGANIC SALTS (25% Sotutions) Aluminum Chloride Aluminum Sulfate Ammonium Chloride Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium Phosphate Ranum Chloride Barium Sulfide Calcium Chloride Cakium Hypochlorite -0.11 +0.32 +0.25 -0.11 Disintegrated +0.93 +43.7 -0.65 +2.67 +0.62 +0.63 +14.8 -0.33 -1.22 Disinteerated +0.69 -l-o.75 +0.13 +0.35 +0.11 +0.23 +0.11 TensUe Strength Retained % 100.0 102.4 97.6 103.0 99.4 10.2 98.8 98.2 98.8 103.0 28.9 98.8 98.2 Elongation Retained% 97.5 100.6 94.1 98.6 100.6 86.9 95.5 110.4 98.6 97.5 103.9 99.4 99.4 Hardness Change Pts. +3 +3 +3 -l-3 +3 -34 +4 0 +1 +1 -28 +3 +3 Surface Condition Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tackv ‘3. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky SI. Tacky V. Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky

103.6 103.6 99.4 101.2 97.0 94.6 106.0 100.0 99.4 97.0 96.4 101.8 97.6 98.8 101.2 100.0

102.0 102.0 96.7 102.0 93.5 88.8 98.0

+2 -3 +3 +3 +3 +3 +2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged

+0.34 +o.SD -0.48 +0.42 +0.26 -0.83 -1.29 +1.43 +0.73

91.6 95.5 94.7 96.1 99.4 97.5 98.0 99.4 95.5

+3 +3 +4 +3 +3 +3 +3 +3 +2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(continued)

306

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON CHEMICALS (continued)

TABLE 2.12:

One Month Immersion at 75O 2 S°F Volume Change X Cupric Chloride Cupric Sulfate Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferrous Sulfate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Sulfate Nickel Sulfate Potassium Chlorida Potassium Permanganate Potassium Bisulfite Potassium Dichromate Sodium Borate (8oru) Sodium Bicarbonate Sodium Chloride Zinc Chloride Zinc Nitrate ORGANIC ACIDS AcetIc Acid (10%) Acetic Acid (Glacial) Chloracetic Acid (10%) Citric Acid (10%) Fornw Acid (10%) Lactic Acid (10%) Oleic Acid (100%) Oxahc Acid (10%) Phenol (10%) Phenol (100%) Plcric Acid (10%) Steanc Acid (100%) Tanruc Acid (10%) Tartarlc Actd (10%) ALCOHOLS Benryl Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol Isopropyl Alcohol Methyl Alcohol Ethylane Glycol Glycerdl 1 .Hesarul ResorcinU ALMHYMS Renraldchyde Butyraldehyde Furfuraf AYINES Aniline Triethandamine UDMH ESTERS Amy1 Acetate Dlbutyl Sebacate Oioctyl Phthalate Ethyl Acetate Tr~~resyl Phosphate ETHERS O~benryl Ether Diethytene Glycd Monobutyt Ether Ethyl Ether Ethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether +12.1 +1.32 -t-58.7 +1.29 loo.6 102.4 30.7 103.0 106.5 107.8 65.5 105.3 -16 -2 -24 -2 Unchanged Tacky Tacky Tacky +0.36 +0.39 G.00 +0.25 0.00 -1.04 +3.39 +0.32 +10.4 +21.6 +0.11 +5.07 +0.13 +10.5 +46.4 +22.8 +1.85 -l-24.2 -0.13 103.0 94.6 94.6 100.0 85.5 98.8 101.2 100.0 102.4 66.3 106.6 110.8 101.2 59.0 39.2 80.1 101.2 95.3 101.2 100.6 99.4 98.0 102.6 85.7 99.4 io3.3 98.0 106.9 81.4 106.5 108.4 100.0 82.4 45.1 96.1 103.9 86.9 103.9 -1 -8 fl -1 +3 +3 -3 +3 -15 -20 -5 -6 +4 -13 -23 -17 -1 -13 f2 Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky SJ. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky -1.00 +0.48 -0.11 +0.68 +0.70 +1.66 -0.12 0.00 -0.56 +4.09 +0.23 +0.63 +0.37 +0.25 -0.37 -0.12 0.00 Tensik strength Retained % 98.8 95.8 98.8 101.2 89.2 98.8 97.6 96.4 95.8 83.1 101.2 98.8 97.6 95.2 100.0 96.4 96.4 Elongation Retained K 93.5 96.1 97.5 101.4 93.5 97.5 93.5 97.5 94.7 78.4 loo.0 97.5 98.0 93.5 100.0 93.5 96.7 Hardness Change Pts. +3 +2 +3 +2 +2 +2 +2 +2 +3 +2 +2 +3 +3 i-3 +3 +3 f4 surface! Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

+1.88 +3.90 +1.24 -1.28 +0.38 0.00 +43.7 +0.23 +0.94 +0.59 +0.46 +6.14 -0.13 -0.36

105.4 97.6 105.4 97.0 96.4 98.2 69.3 98.8 109.7 105.4 105.4 106.6 96.4 98.8

105.3 102.5 105.9 97.5 94.7 95.5 81.0 98.0 108.4 108.4 102.6 109.8 92.8 96.1

+3 -2 +3 +4 f3 +4 -16 +3 fl -2 +2 -1 +3 f5

Tacky St. Tacky St. Tacky St. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged
SI

SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky

SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky St. Tacky Tacky Tacky

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

307

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

One Month Immersion at 75’ * 5-F Vdwnt ww HYDROCARBONS Tensilt Strangth Rttaintd w 26.5 22.9 24.7 22.9 23.5 92.8 23.5 22.3 Elongation Retained% 27.5 18.2 23.5 21.0 21.0 82.9 22.9 20.2 Hardntss Change Pts. -27 -28 -31 -27 -27 -13 -29 -30 Surfact Condition

Btnztnt

Cyclohtxant Ethylbenzene Htptant Hcxane Naphthaltnt Tolutnt
Xyltnt

+71.4 +206.3 +167.4 +136.6 +160.8 +75.5 +123.6 +182.0

Unchanged Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky SI Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky Tacky SI. Tacky

HALOGENATEO HYDROCARBONS Btnryl Chloride Bromobenzene Carbon Tetrachloride Chloroform
Ethylene Oachlorlde

+12.8 +123.1 +192.0 +158.1
+25.6

57.2 24.9 22.9 21.7
50.0

77.5 26.1 18.2 19.7
62.8

-20 -31 -29 -30
-18

Per;hloroe!hylt”t OTHER SUBSTITUTED HYDROCARBONS Carbon Dlsulflde Nltrobenzene KETONES Acetone
Mcthvl Methyl

+207.3

19.9

15.7

-32

Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

+123.5 +7.64 +6.07 +10.2 +23.3

23.5 105.4 88.0 82.5 67.8

21.0 105.3 93.5 87.7 74.5

-28 -13 -10 -13 -18

SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tack;

.

Ketone lsobutyl Ketone
EIhvl

_

DETERGENTS &OTHER CLUNING PRODUCTS Calgon1te (1%) C1orox (1%) Clorox (Cont.) Joy (1%) JOY (Cone ) LestoIl (1 a) Lux Flakes (1%) Rlnst Dry (1%) Rinse Dry (Cont.) Tide (1%) NATURAL FATS L OILS Buntr Castor 011 Cononsetd 011 Lard Oltomargarint Olwt 011 Whltt Mmtral 011 OILS FUELS A.S.T.M. 1 011 No. 2 A.S.T.M. No. 011 A T.M. Fuel A.S.T.M Fuel A.S.T.M. Fuel Heating Fuel Jet Aircraft Oil Ktrosmt AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS Chassis Grease Motor 011 ( 1OW 30) Gasohne’ (RON 94) Gasoltnt’ (RON 99) Gasollnt’ (RON 102) Gasolvw.” unleaded

-0.38 +0.64 +2.09 +0.13 -11.1 +1.55 +0.35 +0.36 0.00 +0.26 +2.12 -0.39 -I-2.49 +3.77 +2.51 +2.38 +13.1 +9.10 +9.88 +39.4 +84.2 + 143.8 +155.6 +59.6 + 17.2 +163.0

101.1 104.2 102.4 98.8 101.8 131.8 137.2 100.0 95.8 100.0 97.0 98.2 99.4 95.2 104.2 101.2 54.2 83.1 81.9 47.0 27.1 22.3 21.7 25.3 86.1 25.9

102.5 103.9 101.0 98.6 99.4 104.5 106.5 97.5 93.5 101.4 102.6 98.0 102.6 103.3 105.9 106.5 58.8 88.8 84.3 44.5 23.5 20.2 19.0 23.0 100.6 21.6

+3 +3 +2 +3 +4 +2 +3 +3 +3 +2 -3 -I-4 +1 -3 -3 -1 -13 -5 -6 -19 -27 -31 -31 -31 -13 -32

Unchanged Tacky Tacky Tacky Tacky St. Unchanged Tacky Tacky Unchanged Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchangtd Unchanged Unchangtd SI. Tacky Unchanged

+13.3 +21.8 +137.9 +145.7 +15B.4 +181.6

75.9 50.6 23.5 21.1 22.3 23.5

77.8 51.0 19.6 19.6 21.0 20.2

-7 -18 -31 -31 -31 -31

Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchangtd Unchanged

(continued)

308

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

One Month lmmcrsion at 75O -C 5OF volume Chanrm % HYDRAULIC FLUIDS

TensileStrength Elongation
Retained K Ratained K

Hardness Chanee Pts.

Surface Condition

Oron1tc 8200
Pydraul F.9 Pydraul 60

+2.81 +3.97 -3.04

101.8 103.0 105.4

loo.0 103.3 104.5

-1 -1 +2

Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Skydrol
Skydrol 500 MISCELLANEOUS Gelatin (sat. sol’n.) Glucose (sat. sol’n.) Tincture of Iodine Prestonc antifreeze Dowgard antifreeze

+1.01
+0.54 +1.24 +0.23 +6.44 +o.!X +0.73

112.1
107.2 99.4 96.4 93.4 98.8 98.2

111.2
108.4 96.7 96.1 85.7 100.0 97.5

-2
-2 +3 +2 +1 +3 +4

St. Tacky
Sf. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged

Three Months lmmcrsion at 7S” = 5OF volume Challm n WATER Distilled Water Saa Water--Atlantic Sea Water-Pacific INORGANIC ACIDS Boric Acid (10%) Chlorosulfonic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (Cow.) Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Hydrochloric Acid (Cont.) Hydrofluoric Acid (Cont.) Nitric Acid (10%) Nitric Acid (Cont.) Phosphoric Acid (Cont.) Sulfuric Acid (10%) Sulfuric Acid (Cont.) INORGANIC BASES Ammonium Hydroxide (10%) Ammonium Hydroxide (Cow) Barium Hydroxide (Cont.) Calcium Hydroxide (10%) Potassium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (Cow.) INORGANIC SALTS (25% Solutions) Aluminum Chloride Aluminum Sulfate Ammonium Chloride Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium Phosphate Barium Chloride Barium Sulfide Calcium Chloride Calcium Hypochlorite Cupric Chloride Cupric Sulfate Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferrous Sulfate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Sulfate Nickel Sulfate Potassium Chloride Potassium Permanganate -0.12 +0.13 -0.24 -0.13 -0.13 -1.30 -0.91 +0.36 +1.09 -1.13 +0.24 0.00 +0.68 +0.93 -0.26 +0.46 +0.33 -0.32 +2.90 99.4 102.4 98.2 98.8 96.4 97.0 99.4 98.8 98.8 104.8 loo.0 97.6 102.4 97.6 97.6 103.0 103.6 98.8 78.9 94.1 101.4 98.0 101.4 98.6 96.1 96.1 96.1 98.0 102.5 101.4 96.1 100.6 96.1 97.5 94.7 103.3 99.4 77.1 +3 +3 +4 +3 +5 +4 +3 +4 +3 +4 i-4 +6 +4 +3 i-4 +3 +4 +5 -3 Sf. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Sf. Tacky St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sf. Tacky Unchanged Sf. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittfe +0.11 .+0.32 i-o.37 -0.11 Disintegrated +6.52 i-47.4 -0.65 +11.8 +1.42 +0.88 Disintegrated Tensfle strength Retained % 103.0 102.4 98.8 94.0. 80.7 1.8 95.2 77.7 98.8 96.4 Elongatfm Retained % loo.0 101.4 96.1 93.5 88.8 13.5 97.5 115.7 98.6 95.5 Hardness Change Pts. +3 +3 +2 +2 -2 -33 +3 -3 -2 0 Surface Condition SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged V. Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Tacky

+0.11
+0.74 Disintegrated -l-2.42 i-2.88 +1.21 +0.93 0.00 +0.23 +0.55

100.0
98.2

99.4
96.1

+3
+4

SI. Tacky
SI. Tacky

108.4 109.0 98.8 101.2 102.4 98.8 104.2

102.0 102.6 93.5 101.4 99.4 95.5 98.6

+3 -2 f4 +3 +3 +2 -2

SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanned Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

309

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Vdume Change Potassium Potassium Sodium Sodium Sodturn Elsulflte Dlchromate Borate Chlwde (Borax) Bicarbonate +2.29 0.00 0.00 -0.12 -0.49 -0.12 0.00 ACIDS +2.58 +8.20 +3.34 0.00 +I.76 +0.68 +90.3 +0.35 +2.97 +8.26 99.4 89.2 107.8 98.8 103.0 100.0 48.8 101.2 107.8 104.2 x Tensik Strength X

Months

immersion Elongation Retained 107.8 100.0 97.5 98.0 98.6 98.0 96.7 %

at 75O -

5°F Surface Pts. Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky St. Tacky

Hardness Change +1 +4 +4 +4 +5 +5 +5

Retained 106.6 101.2 96.4 loo.0 100.0 97.0 97.6

21nc ChlorvJe 210~ NItrate

ORGANIC AcetIc AcetIc

Acid (10%) Acld (Glacial) Acid (10%)

102.6 101.0 99.4 100.0 loo.0 98.0 59.4 98.0 111.2 119.0 -9 +2 +3 +3 +3 -26 +3 -3 -17

0

SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI Tacky

Chloracetlc Citric Formic Lactic

Acid (10%) Acid (10%) Acld (10%)

Ole~c Actid (100%) Oxalic Phenol Phenol PWXIC Steanc Tanmc Tartax Acid (10%) (10%) (100%)

SI. Tacky

Acid (10%)
Acid (100%) Acid (10%) Acld (10%)

+0.81
+13.9 0.00 -0.12

97.6
106.6 102.4 93.4

94.7
107.8 101.4 90.2

+1
-2 +2 +3

St. Tacky
Unchanged St. Tacky SI. Tacky

ALCOHOLS Benryl Ethyl Methyl Ethylene Glycerol 1 -Hexanol ReSoWlnOl ALDEHYDES Benzaldehyde Butyraldehyde Furfural AMINES Aniline Trlethanolamine UDMH ESTERS Amy1 Acetate Dlbutyl Dwtyl Ethyl Sebacate Phthalate Acetate Phosphate +11.8 +0.57 +7.90 95.2 101.2 57.2 +9.66 +21.7 -l-2.57 91.6 57.8 105.4 100.9 78.4 103.9 -17 -18 -7 SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tackv Alcohol Alcohol Alcohol Alcohol Glycol -0.96 0.00 +0.36 -0.36 -0.37 100.0 97.6 97.6 92.7 92.8 98.6 100.6 100.0 90.8 94.1 +3 -4 -1 -1 0 SI. Tacky SI. Tacky St. Tacky Sl. Tacky St. Tacky

Isopropyl

-0.25 +7.24 +0.76

100.0 86.8 loo.7

94.1 97.5 98.6

+5 -11 +3

Sl. Tacky
Tacky

Sl. Tacky

101.9
99.4 74.5

-13
+3 -12

Sl. Tacky
Unchanged UnChanRed

Tricresyl ETHERS Dibenzyl Ditthyltne Ethvl

-l-47.2 +23.5 +5.36 +10.9 +0.75 +11.6 +2.56 +57.4
+2.05

40.4 89.8 106.0 78.9 102.4

47.7 103.3 107.8 88.2 103.3

-22 -17 -3 -12 +3

Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky St. Tacky Sl. Tacky

Ether Glycd Monobutyl Ether

103.0 107.8 30.1 97.0

107.8 113.1 32.8 98.0

-13 -7 -25 -5

Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged s1. Tacky

Ether Glycol Monoethyl Ether

Ethilent

HYDROCARBONS Benztne Cvclohtxant Ethylbenzene Heptone

+101.9 +230.2 +176.0 +178.0

25.9 21.7 19.3 23.5

25.5 17.7 20.2 20.9 22.6 00.4 22.9 21.0

-28 -28 -31 -28 -27 -7 -29 -30

Unchanged Unchanged g. Tacky

Sl. Trky Y. Tacky

Htxtnt
Naphthaltne Toluenc Xylenc

+169.0
+50.4 +114.8 +154.5

22.9
89.8 23.5 22.3

SI. Tacky SI. Tacky St. Tacky (continued)

310

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Montlta Immersion at 75O 2 5OF

1-w
R8tdlled%
HALDGENATED HYDROCARBONS Benzyl Chloride Bromobcnrtnt Carbon Tttrachloridt Chloroform Ethylene Dwzhloridt Ptrchlorotthyltnt OTHER SUBSTITUTED HYDROCARBONS Carbon Dmlfedt Nmobtnztnt KETONES Acetone Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl lsobutyl Ketone DETERGENTSaOTHER CLEANING PRODUCTS Calgonltt (1%) Clorox (1%) Cloror (COOC.) JOY (1%) Joy (Cone ) LestoIl (1%) Lux Flakes (1%) Ruvt Dry (1%) Rinse Dry (Cont.) Tide (1%) NATURAL FATS & OILS Butter Castor OrI +25.1 +114.4 +199.5 +137.7 +25.2 +212.4 57.8 24.7 20.5 la7 48.8 la7

-w~InedW 79.8 25.5 17.7 20.2 60.2 15.7

Hardness Chan8a Fts. -20 -32 -31 -30 -18 -30

surface
Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI: Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

+183.4 -l-4.77 +6.14 +19.7 +22.2

19.3 86.1 89.2 86.8 56.0

20.2 98.6 97.5 94.1 70.0

-30 -12 -9 -12 -17

SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky

+0.50 +1.28 +1.48 +0.63 -11.32 +2.74 +0.71 +0.72 -0.36 +0.65 +8.92 -0.65 +5.18 +7.OO +6.52 +7.87 +53.6 +20.0 +lB.9 + 103.2 +162.9 +185.5 + 197.8 +190.0 +27.0 + 197.2 +19.8 +93.0 +189.0 + 182.4 +189.6 + 196.9 +4.56 +6.08 +1.39 +4.32 +1.67

98.8 101.2 106.0 96.7 98.8 102.4 98.8 95.2 93.4 101.2 101.2 95.2 95.8 97.0 106.6 94.8 41.0 74.1 74.1 34.9 25.9 22.3 22.3 22.9 66.9 22.3 54.4 37.8 21.7 21.1 19.9 20.5 97.0 107.8 106.0 1102 112.0

103.3 103.9 103.9 98.0 102.6 105.9 97.5 96.6 96.6 103.3 102.0 94.1 100.6 103.3 106.5 100.6 42.6 82.9 78.4 33.9 24.2 21.6 21.6 22.2 88.2 21.6 59.4 39.2 20.2 22.2 21.0 20.2 99.4 112.3 105.9 105.3 109.8

+3 +2 -1 +3 fl -1 +2 +2 +3 -2 -7 -4 -6 -4 -3 -7 -26 -8 -9 -27 -28 -29 -30 -32 -19 -31 -13 -37 -31 -31 -32 -32 -2 -4 -3 -3 -3

Unchanged SI. Tacky Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Tacks Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Si. Tackv

Cononsetd 011
Lard Oltomargarine

Olwt 011
White Mmtral Ott OILS & FUELS A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 2 011 A.S.T.M. No. 3 011 A.S.T.M. Fuel A A S.T M. Fuel B A.S.T M. Futl C Htatmg Fuel 011 Jet Awcraft Engine Oil Ktrosint AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS Chassis Grease Motor 011 (low 30) Gasohnt’ (RON 94) Gasoline’ (RON 99) Gasolmt’ (RON 102) Gasoline.‘* unltsdtd HYDRAULIC FLUIDS Oronttt 8200 Pydraul F-9 Pydraul 60 Skydrol Skvdrol 500

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

311

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMlCALS

(continued)

Three Months Immersion Jt X0 2 5i°F Vdwm CftJrrwx MISCELLANEOUS GJlJtln (SJt Sol’n.) Glucose (sat sol’n.) Tincture of Iodine Prestone antifreeze DOwgIrd JntifrJJZJ 0.00 +0.23 +12.5 +1.44 +1.33 TJmitJSbmngth R~bined K DJngJtknl Retained% 104.9 95.5 66.1 loo.0 95.5 fbrdncss ChJnp PLs. +3 +3 -2 -1 +3 SUrfJcJ bnditkm Si. TJCky Sf. TJCb Unchanged St. TJcky UnChJngJd

101.2 100.0 78.9 101.2 97.6

Six Months Immersion at 75O 2 IoF Vdume Charwe% WATER Distilled WJtJr !$ZJ Water-AttJntlC Sea Water-Pacific INORGANIC ACIDS Boric Acid (10%) Chlorosulfonic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (10%) Chromic Acld (Cont.) Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Hydrochloric Acid (Cont.) Hydrofluoric Acld (Cont.) Nitric Acid (10%) Nitric Acid (Cont.) Phosphoric Acid (Cont.) Sulfuric Acid (10%) Sulfuric Acld (Cont.) INORGANIC BASES Ammonium Hydroxide (10%) Ammomum Hydroxide (Cont.) Barium Hydroxide (Cont.) CJlcium Hydroxide (10%) Potrsswm Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (Cont.) INORGANIC SALTS (25% Solutions) Aluminum Chloride Aluminum SulfJte Ammonium Chloride Ammonium NitrJtJ Ammonium Phosphate SJrium Chloride Barium Sulfide CJlcium Chloride CJlcium Hypochlorite Cupric Chlortdr Cupric S,,ffJtJ FJrric Chloride Ferric NitrJtJ Ferrous SulfJtJ MJgnJsium Chloride MJgnesium Sulfite Nickel SulfJte PotJssium Chloride PotJssium PermangJnJte PotJsswm Bisulflte PotJsslum Dichromrte Sodium Borate (8orrx) SJdlUm 8iCJrbonJtJ Sodwm Chlonde Zmc Chlorde 2IK NltrJtJ -0.23 Disintegrated +12.4 +4a.3 -0.52 +8.52 +2.36 +1.13 Disintenrated +0.11 +0.61 DisintJgrJted +4.61 +5.14 +0.89 +0.82 +0.68 +0.35 +1.33 98.8 66.9 2.41 97.6 54.8 87.4 95.8 102.4 99.4 103.3 77.8 9.8 96.7 103.9 80.4 93.5 100.6 101.4 +2 -6 -27 +2 -8 -2 +1 +3 +4 SI. Tacky Tacky V. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky V. Tacky TJcky Tacky +0.90 +0.32 +0.25

fJ"SilJ Stmgth
Retained K 101.2 105.4 105.4

ElcwlgJtion RJtainJd SC 102.6 104.5 100.6

HJrdness Change Pts. +4 +4 +3

SWfJcC Ccmdition Unchsnged UnchJnged Unchanged

111.5 108.4 101.2 101.2 101.2 109.6 106.6

103.9 96.7 97.5 95.5 96.7 97.5 100.6

+2 -3 +4 +4 +3 +3 -2

Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

+0.81 +1.21 -0.61 0.00 0.00 +0.47 +0.26 +1.45 +1.58 -f-o.37 +0.84 +0.22 +1.23 +1.16 +0.26 +1.0) +0.66 +oz? +-a47 +5.51 +1.02 +0.85 i6.76 +D.25 +0.47 +0.36

96.4 95.8 94.0 96.4 98.2 88.6 97.6 95.8 110.8 96.4 94.6 100.6 100.0 98.8 96.4 101.8 100.0 94.6 85.5 111.5 96.4 94.0 96.4 94.6 94.6 101.8

90.2 83.7 92.8 95.5 98.0 86.9 95.5 96.7 103.9 96.1 92.8 101.4 99.4 96.1 96.1 94.7 101.4 94.7 88.2 108.4 95.5 96.1 93.5 95.5 92.2 103.3

+2 +2 +3 +2 +3 +3 +2 +2 -2 +2 +3 -l-3 +1 +2 +3 +2 +2 +1 -2 -3 +3 +2 +2 +2 +3 +4

Sl. TJcky UnchJngJd SI. Tacky St. TJcky St. TJC~~ Unchrnged UnChJngJd UnchJngJd St. TJC~~ St. Trky UnChJngJd UtWhJngJd T-=b UnchJnged UnchJnged UrKhJngcd UnchJngJd Sl. Tacky Brittle Unchrnged UnChJngJd UnchJngad UtKhJngJd St. Tacky Sf. Trky SI. Tuky

(continued)

312

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Six Months Immersion VdunW
ww

at 7S”

2 VF
Hldll8SS surfra

TensileStrength
Robined%

Elongation
RetahdW

ChangePts. +1 -9 +2 +5 +3 +3 -26 +3 -7 -15 +2 -2 +3 +3 -6 -2 -6 -1 +4 +3 -10 +2 -13 -18 -8 -14 +3 -9 -23 -18 -7 -12 +2 -13 -9 -35 -7 -30 -31 -31 -28 -28 +2 -32 -31

Condition Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky SL Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky St. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Tacky St. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged TsClcy Sl. Tacky St. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Si. Tacky Unchanged Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged 9. Tacky Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged Sl. TIJly Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky Sl. Tacky

ORGANIC ACIDS Acetic Acid (10%) Acetic Acid (Glacial) Chloracetic Acid (10%) Citric Acid (10%) Formic Acid (10%) Lactic Acid (10%) Oleic Acid (100%) Oxalic Acid (10%) Phenol (10%) Phenol (100%) Picric Acid (10%) Stearic Acid (100%) Tannic Acid (10%) Tartaric Acid (10%) ALCOHOLS Bcnzyl Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol Isopropyl Alcohol Methyl Alcohol Ethylene Glycd Glycerol l-Hexand Rcsorcinol
ALOEHYDES

+4.58 +a.44 +4.00 +0.38 +3.14 +0.68 +93.9 +1.15 +5.69 +6.16 +3.34 +17.9 +0.65 +0.60 +3.70 +0.51 +1.23 +1.19 -0.24 0.00 +6.92 +2.46 +7.10 +21.6 +2.83 +10.6 +2.38 +4.89 +45.6 +21.6 +6.14 +11.8 +0.87 +9.92 +3.71 +52.6 -l-3.33 +112.2 +205.9 +140.0 +141.2 +129.3 +41.8 +139.5 +1642

104.2 07.4 114.5 98.2 103.0 101.8 43.4 101.2 108.4 105.4 106.0 101.8 100.6 98.8 104.8 89.8 89.2 97.0 92.8 95.8 91.6 97.0 86.1 99.4 108.4 98.8 97.0 51.2 42.2 93.4 109.6 81.3 105.4 108.4 102.4 29.5 101.2 27.1 22.3 20.4 25.3 21.7 81.3 21.7 21.7

101.4 96.1 103.9 92.2 101.4 99.4 57.5 102.6 109.8 113.7 104.5 101.4 97.5 98.0 103.9 96.7 90.8 loo.0 90.2 89.6 102.0 93.5 94.1 103.9 106.5 103.9 88.2 66.7 51.6 lD4.5 117.6 90.8 104.5 101.1 105.3 33.9 101.4 29.4 17.7 21.6 22.9 21.0 77.1 22.2 21.0

Bsnzaldehyde Butyraldehyde Fur(ural AMINES Aniline Triethanolamine UOMH ESTERS Amy1 Acetate Dibutyl Ssbacate Dioctyl Phthalate Ethyl Acetate Tricresyl Phosphatr EIHERS Olbenzyl Ether Diethylena Glycoi Monobutyl Ether Ethyl Ether Ethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether HYDROCARBONS 8eruene Cyclohexane Ethylbenzene Heptane Hexarm Naphthalene Tduene XylWN HALOGENATEO WYOROCAR8ONS Eenzyl Chloride Bromobeozene Carbon Tetrachloride Chloroform Ethylene Dxhloride Perchloroethylene

+27.3 +115.6 +213.3 +170.1 +26.7 +220.0

57.3 24.7 21.7 19.9 56.0 19.9

78.4 26.1 19.0 21.0 70.6 18.2

-21 -32 -31 -32 -18 -33

Tacky SJ. Tacky Unchanged Sk Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

313

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Six Months Immersion Jt 75” = 5’F VOlUmC
ChJnmu OTHfR

lmsile Stnmgth RetJined SC

Elongation Retained K

HJblJJJ

SWfJCJ

Ch~nnJ Pts.

Condition

SU8STITUTEo +118.D +4.59 +5.29 +9.22 +22.4 21.7 103.0 84.3 82.5 59.6 20.2 104.5 89.6 86.9 74.5 -30 -9 -8 -11 -16 St. TJCky Tacky Unchanged St. Tacky SI. Tacky

HYORDCARBONS

Carbon Dlsulflde Nllrobenzcne KETONES Acctonc Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methit lsobutyl Ketone DETERGENTS&OTHER CLUNING PRODUCTS Calgonlte (1%) Cloror (1%) Cloror (Cow) JO” 11%) Joy (Cone ) LestoIl (1X) Lux Flakes (1%) Rlnre Dry (1%) Rlnre Dry (Cow ) Tide (1%) NATURAL FATS L OILS Butter CJStOr 011 CoItonsud 011 Lard Oleomargarine OIIVC 011 White MlnerJl 011 OILS L FUELS A.S.T.M No. 1 Oil A S T.M No. 2 011 A S T.M No. 3 011 ASTM FuelA A.5 T.M. Fuel 8 A.S T.M Fuel C Heating Fuel 011 Jet Atfcr~fi Engcne 011 Kcros~ne AUTOMDTIVC PRODUCTS Chassrs Grease Motor 011 (lOW.30)
GJSOIWW GJSO~IIW’ GJSO~IW’ (RON (RON 94) 99)

i-O.88 +2.43 +1.85 +1.79 -11.3 +2.86 +1.30 +1.20 -0.50 +0.92 + 12.6 -D.92 +6.41 +11.8 +8.06 +12.0 +95.1

106.6 107.2 108.4 104.2 98.8 104.2 104.2 95.2 100.0 97.6 105.4 96.4 106.6 106.6 107.8 99.4 36.8 56.0 54.2 30.1 23.5 20.5 19.9 20.5 60.8 22.3 50.0 31.9 19.9 18.7 16.9 21.1

105.9 100.6 105.3 104.5 98.0 102.5 102.5 95.5 96.1 96.7 104.5 95.5 107.8 109.2 107.8 105.9 33.3 67.3 63.3 28.8 23.5 21.6 21.6 21.0 84.3 21.6 52.0 32.8 21.6 21.6 20.2 21.0

+5 +3 +2
t3

+3 +2 +3 +3 +3 +3 -12 +3 -4 -11 -7 -12 -26 -16 -17 -30 -28 -33 -32 -32 -21 -32 -21 -31 -32 -33 -33 -32

SI. SI. Sl. SI. Sl.

Tacky Tacky Tacky Tacky Tack;

SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. TJcky Si. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky
Unchanged

t30.8

+34.6 t 146.5 t-161.5 t189.7 t200.9 t 195.0 t41.7 t211.2

Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

t38.0
t118.4 +192.5 +1?6.9 +192.0 +201.9

(RON 102) GJsohne:* unleaded

HYDRAULIC FLUIDS Orontite 8200 edrJul F.9 Fydraul 60 Skydrol Skvdrol 500 MISCELIANEOUS Gelatin (sat. sol’n.) Glucose (sat. sol’n.) Tincture of Iodine Prestone Jntitreeze Dowgard Jntifreeze

+11.6 +7.89 t2.01 +4.98 +3.24

99.4 112.7 101.2 106.0 103.6 98.8 98.8 53.6 99.4 94.8

104.5 115.1 103.3 108.4 105.9 96.1 94.1 40.6 100.0 92.8

-7 -7 -3 -8 -6 +2 +3 -5 0
t3

Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky St. TJC@ Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

+1.86 +0.23 +16.2 +I.67 to.39

(continued)

314

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

12 Months Immersion at 7S” = 5’F volume Chena K WATER Distilled Water Sea Wlter-Atlantic Sea Water-Pecifii INORGANIC ACIDS Boric Acid (10%) Chlorosulfonic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (10%) Chromic Acid (Cont.) Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Hydrochloric Acid (Cont.) Hydrofluoric Acid (Cont.) Nitric Acld (10%) Nitric Acid (Co&) Phosphoric Acid (Cont.) Sulfuric Acid (10%) Sulfuric Acid (Cont.) INORGANIC BASES Ammomum Hydroxbdc (10%) Ammomum Hydroxide (Cope.) Barwm Hydroxide (Cont.) Calcium Hydroxide (10%) Potassium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Sodium Hydroxide (Cont.) INDRCANIC SALTS (25% Solutions) Alummum Chloride Aluminum Sulfate Ammomum Chloride Ammonium N&rate Ammomum Phosphate Barwm Chloride Barium Sulfide Calcium Chloride Calcwm Hypochlorite Cupric Chloride Cupric Sulfate Ferric Chloride Ferric Nitrate Ferrous Sulfate Magnesium Chloride Magnesium Sulfate Nickel Sulfate Potassium Chloride Potassium Permanganate Potassium Bisulfite Potassium Dichromrte Sodium Borate (Borax) Sodium Bicarbonate Sodwm Chloride Zinc Chlor& Zinc Nitrate ORGANIC ACIDS Acetic Acid (10%) Acetlc Acid (Glacial) Chloracetlc Acid (10%) Citric Acid (10%) Fonmc Acid (10%) Lactic Acid (10%) Olelc Acid (100%) -l-O.78 +0.43 -0.25 -1.95 Disintegrated +20.2 f49.6 +0.37 +11.2 +2.18 +1.6f Disintegrated +0.11 -0.12 Disintegrated -l-5.88 +7.39 +1.02 +1.05 +0.23 +0.93 +1.77 Tensik sbmgth Retained w 95.2 100.6 98.8 98.8 56.6 5.42 104.8 56.0 90.4 101.2 98.8 95.2 Elongatii Retained% 96.1 102.5 96.1 106.5 77.8 12.3 102.0 88.8 67.2 101.4 101.4 95.5 Hardness ChannePts. +3 +4 +4 +3 -10 -21 +2 -11 0 0 +3 +4 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Tacky Tacky V. Tacky Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky V. Tackv Tacky Tacky

106.0 101.2 100.6 96.4 100.0 104.8 104.8

96.1 89.6 99.4 98.6 96.1 99.4 101.4

-1 -3 i-3 f3 +3 +1 -4

Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanned Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

+0.34 +1.34 +0.12 +0.13 +1.03 +0.47 +0.51 +1.55 +1.82 +0.13 +1.80 +0.44 +1.25 +0.81 +0.38 +0.69 +0.11 +0.56 +a.34 +7.80 +0.63 +0.73 +0.12 -0.99 +0.23 +0.24

98.2 103.6 95.2 98.2 101.8 104.8 98.2 95.8 107.8 94.0 96.4 98.8 93.4 97.0 94.0 94.6 94.6 98.8 80.7 113.3 98.8 100.6 98.8 93.4 98.2 93.4

97.5 105.3 99.4 99.4 103.9 105.9 91.6 94.1 107.8 96.1 99.4 98.0 98.0 95.5 96.7 96.7 99.4 100.0 87.7 102.0 99.4 103.9 100.0 96.7 100.0 94.7

+2 +3 +3 +3 +3 +4 +2 +1 -1 +4 +4 +3 +1 +3 +3 +4 +3 +1 -3 -4 +3 +3 +2 +3 +3 +4

St. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky St. Tacky

+5.63 +10.7 +5.45 +0.38 +4.15 +0.45 +95.7

103.0 88.6 133.1 98.8 107.2 98.8 45.8

103.9 92.2 99.0 101.4 105.9 100.0 59.4

-1 -9 -1 +3 +2 +2 -27

SI. Tacky SI Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky Sf. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

315

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

12 Months immersion at 75O 2 5’F VolUmC charwe x Oxalc Acld (10%) Phenol (10%) Phenol (100%) PICNIC Acid (10%) Stcarx Acid (100%) Tannx Acid (10%) Tartarlc Actd (10%) ALCOHOLS &nzyl Alcohol Ethyl Alcohol lsoprowl Alcohol Methyl Alcohol Ethylene Glycol
Glyctrd

TenaifeSbangth Retained K 105.4 115.1 98.8 101.2 108.4 100.0 100.6 104.8 94.0 92.2 97.6 94.6 95.2 84.3 108.4 92.2 91.6 103.6 98.8 94.0 58.4 39.8 85.5 104.8 78.3 101.8 106.6 96.4 31.3 101.2 20.5 16.3 21.7 19.3 21.1 89.2 18.7 19.9

Elongation Retained% 104.9 112.4 109.8 99.4 108.4 96.1 103.9 103.9 96.1 96.1 96.1 92.2 89.6 96.7 99.4 98.6 102.6 103.3 103.9 90.2 77.8 48.4 103.3 109.2 88.2 102.6 103.9 106.5 35.3 103.9 26.9 17.1 24.9 21.0 23.5 79.0 26.1 21.6

Hardness ChanPcPts. +4 -11 -14 +2 +2 -1 +3 -8 -2 -2 -2 f4 +2 -11 +1 -13 -18 -9 -13 +3 -9 -24 -17 -12 -12 +2 -13 -10 -27 -7 -30 -32 -32 -30 -28 +2 -31 -31

surface Condition Sl Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Sl Tacky Tacky SJ. Tacky Si. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Taccky Unchanged Sl. Tacky SI Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Sl Tacky Unchanced !X Sl. St. Sl. Sl. Tacky Tacky Tacky Tacky Tacky

+0.12 +7.35 +4.50 +2.07 +18.6 +1.05 +1.08 +2.79 +0.89 +1.53 +1.64 -0.36 +1.26 +6.60 +12.0 +7.28 +17.4 +5.34 -l-7.33 -l-o.77 +7.00 +45.7 +19.3 +9.13 +8.75 +0.49 +9.56 +3.85 +60.2 +4.35 +84.0 +218.5 -f-142.9 +142.0 +125.5 +41.9 +128.5 +142.5

1 -Htranol
Rtsorclool

ALDLHYDES Benzaldthyde Butyraldchydt Furfural AMINES Antlmt Trwthanolammt UDMH ESTERS Amy1 Acetate Dlbutyl Sabacate 01octyl Phthalatt Ethyl Acetate Tricrtsyl Phosphate nlims D~btnryl Ether D+tthyltnt Glycol Monobutyl Ether Ethyl Ether Ethylene Glycol Monoethyl Ether HYDRDCARBDNS 8tnzent Cyclohcxant Ethvlbtnztnt Htptant Htrant Naphthalane Tdutnt
Xyltnt

HALDGENATED HYDROCARBONS Btnryl Chlonde Bromobenrcne Carbon Tttrachloridt Chloroform Ethylene D&chloride Pcrchlorotthvltne OTHER SUBSTITUTED HYDRDCAR8ONS Carbon Disulfidt Nltrobtnrene KETONES Acetone Methyl Ethyl Ketone Methyl lsobutvl Ketone

+26.1 +118.0 +207.1 +169.5 +25.8 +200.5

56.0 22.9 19.9 19.3 52.4 16.3

79.8 26.1 19.6 22.2 62.7 18.2

-21 -32 -32 -33 -18 -33

T=ky St. Tacky Unchanged !X Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged

+87.0 +3.36 +6.07 +8.60 +22.0

16.9 94.6 86.7 83.1 56.6

21.0 101.4 90.8 88.8 75.1

-31 -11 -8 -11 -17

Sl. Tacky TabV SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky

(continued)

316

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON CHEMICALS (continued)

TABLE 2.12:

12 Months Immersion at 75“ 2 S°F vohuna Tamlk sbwtgth

Elongation
Retained%

W%
DETERGENTSLDTHER CLEANING PRODUCTS Calgonltc (1%) Clorox (1%) Clorox (COrlC.) Joy (1%) Joy (Cone ) LestoIl (1%) Lur Flakes (1%) Rmre Dry (1%) Rmse Dry (Cont.) Tide (1%) NATURAL FATS 6 OILS Butter Castor 011

Ratainad n

liardness ChangaPts.

surfaa
ConditM

+0.63 +2.30 +1.85 +1.41 -10.6 +3.34 +1.53 +0.96 -0.74 +1.77 +28.4 -1.31 +11.1 +17.8 +27.9 +18.3 +108.5 +45.8 +5D.6 +151.8 +128.4 +156.1 + 140.0 +176.0 -l-44.7 +139.8 +53.6 + 149.8 +16D.9 +183.4 -l-203.7 +151.7

102.4 106.0 109.6 98.2 97.0 101.2 101.8 98.8 97.6 100.7 88.6 98.2 116.9 99.4 101.2 101.2 34.3 43.4 50.0 31.3 22.9 13.9 18.1 20.5 w.2 18.1 38.6 32.5 17.5 18.7 17.5 18.1

103.9 103.9 107.8 105.3 98.0 105.3 100.6 105.3 98.0 99.0 100.0 103.3 115.1 109.2 105.3 107.8 38.6 56.9 54.3 30.0 24.2 22.9 21.0 22.9 77.8 20.2 43.1 38.6 21.0 21.6 21.0 19.6

+3 +2 +1 +2 +3 -1 +3 +3 +4 +3 -16 +3 -13 -13 -16 -14 -33 -23 -22 -32 -29 -32 -33 -33 -23 -32 -26 -33 -34 -31 -36 -33

SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged St. Tack-y TaCkY SI. Tacky Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Si. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky SL Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky Sl. Taskv

Cononsced011
Lard Oleomargarme Olwe 011 While Mineral 011 OILS 6 FUELS A.S.T.M. A S.T.M. A.S.T M. A S.T M. A.S.T.M. A.S T.M. No. 1 011 No. 2 011 No. 3 011 Fuel A Fuel 8 Fuel C

Heatmg Fuel Oil Jet Awcraft Engine Oil Kerosmc AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS Chassis Grease Motor 011 (lOW.30) Gasolmc (RON 94) Gasolmc’ (RON 99) Gasol~nc* (RON 102) Gasoline.” unleaded HYDRAULIC FLUIDS Oronite 8200 Pydraul F.9 Pydraul 60 Skydrol Skydrol 500 MISCELLANEOUS Gelatin (sat. sol’n.) Glucose (sat. sol’n.) Tincture of Iodine Preston8 antifreeze Dowgard antifreeze

+13.7 +11.2 +6.70 +7.30 +3.37 0.00 +1.99 +19.4 +1.47 -0.79

101.8 103.0 104.8 106.6 110.2 95.8 98.8 53.0 96.4 94.0

104.5 110.4 106.5 110.4 110.4 96.1 94.7 41.2 99.4 97.5

-9 -10 -6 -7 -10 +2 0 -5 -1 +3

Unchanged Tacky Tacky SI. Tacky SI. Tackv Si. Tack-y T=ky Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged

l Convcntmnel motor fuels contaming tetraethyl lead eddihve. Approximab **Motor fuel of “premium” grade containing no tatmethyl lead.

Research Octane Numbers Ind,ceted.

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

317

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS
CHEMICAL

ELASTOMERS
RESISTANCE

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)
BU-I-YL RUBBER

OF COMPOUND

BASED ON LOW UNSATURATION
72 Hours Immersion at 212OF

vulume channc n Aniline Benraldchyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sudwm Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +6.62 +11.0 +20.9 +1.20 +1.46 +56.7 +147.9 +4.57 +36.2 +134 +339.1 +1.47 +13.8 +0.12 +2.67 +3D9.3 +1.27

Tensite Strength Retained K 97.0 103.8 97.8 96.8 90.3 28.0 16.7 102.2 87.1 82.8 64.5 94.1 86.6 101.1 102.7 69.9 90.9

Elongation Retained K 99.4 94.6 98.6 88.1 88.7 46.3 24.1 80.6 100.0 87.3 17.7 79.9 96.2 87.0 94.1 26.9 87.3

Hardness Chanee Pts. -14 -21 -27 +2 -3 -28 -36 -4 -32 -20 -48 +2 -27 -1 -8 -53 0

Slll-faCe Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky

One Month Immersion at 75O -C 5OF vuhmn Change K Anilme Benxaldehyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassrum Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chlorrde (25%) Sodwm Hydroxrdc (10%) Tduenc Trde (1%) +10.0 +6.22 +3.09 -0.71 +0.36 +61.4 $166.9 -0.38 +4.02 +10.1 +251.5 +0.38 +1.89 -0.12 -0.12 +171.6 0.00 Tensile Strength Retained K 112.9 110.2 104.8 95.2 90.3 26.9 21.0 105.9 105.4 91.4 14.5 88.7 104.3 98.4 184.3 16.1 99.5 Elongation Retained K 103.3 110.8 103.7 94.3 96.2 51.9 27.9 99.4 105.7 93.8 18.4 84.9 99.4 95.2 96.6 25.5 99.0 Hardness Change PCs. -13 -17 -1 +4 +2 -29 -33 +3 -4 -16 -37 +5 -4 +2 +5 -36 +6 Surtace Cundiiiun Tacky Tacky Tacky Unchanged Tacky SI. SI. SI. Sl. SI. Tacky Tacky Tacky Tacky Tacky

Tacky Brittle SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged TKky T=ky

Three Months immersion at 75O f IoF VOtUme Ct=W% Aniline Benraldehyde Dioctyl Phthalatc Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Hexane Hydr&hloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potasswm Permanganate (25%) Skydrd 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxrde (10%) Toluene Trde (1%) +9.00 +6.74 +5.06 -0.83 +0.11 +57.5 +X2.4 +0.38 +9.72 +7.55 +264.2 +4.30 +4.40 -0.97 +1.16 +187.4 0.00 Tensile Stmngttt Retainad % 98.4 103.8 100.0 109.7 90.3 31.2 18.3 98.4 111.3 93.6 14.0 95.7 lM.8 101.1 97.3 17.2 102.2 Elongation Retained% 101.4 97.2 99.0 99.0 97.2 50.5 25.9 97.6 103.3 94.3 19.4 89.1 101.4 94.8 96.6 27.3 98.6 Hardness ChangePts. -12 -17 -7 +5 -1 -27 -32 +2 -8 -14 -38 +5 -12 +6 +4 -37 +2 Swface Condition SI. Tacky Tacky Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged T=ky SI. Tacky

(continued)

318

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON CHEMICALS (continued)

TABLE 2.12:

Six Months Immersion at 75O _C5OF vokune Change K Aniline Benzaldehyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodwm Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +4.15 +1.87 +8.42 -0.71 -0.24 +54.5 +162.5 +0.38 +12.0 +8.65 +256.5 +7.06 +5.73 -!-0.24 +0.58 +166.3 +0.37 Tensile Strength Retained K 103.8 97.9 102.2 101.1 89.3 33.3 18.8 100.0 116.1 91.9 14.5 96.2 101.1 97.3 103.2 18.3 103.8 Elongation Retainad % 100.0 99.4 99.4 96.2 97.6 48.5 26.9 88.7 101.8 91.5 20.2 88.7 99.0 96.6 95.8 28.7 104.2 Hardness Change PM. -12 -15 -9 +4 -2 -28 -36 +3 -16 -13 -39 -3 -13 +5 +4 -37 +3 Surface Condition SI. Tacky Tacky Tacky Unchanged SI. Tackv Unchanged Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky SI. Enttle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged T=ky SI. Tacky

12 Months Immersion at 75” 2 5OF votume Change W Andme Benraldehyde Omctyl Phthalate Olstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Hexane Hydrochloric Acld (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potaswum Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodwm Chloride (25%) Sodturn Hydroxide (10%) --__ Toluene Tide (1%) +6.00 +4.65 +11.6 +0.12 -I-o.97 +48.8 +123.2 -0.13 +21.8 +7.93 +262.1 +7.95 +4.81 -l-O.48 +0.81 i-131.9 +1.73 Tensile Strength Retained K 96.2 97.9 102.7 102.2 93.6 29.0 15.1 104.3 111.3 100.5 15.1 89.3 101.6 96.8 100.0 13.4 103.8 Elongation Retained % 100.4 98.6 112.7 99.7 100.0 46.3 28.7 97.6 103.3 92.9 18.8 87.7 99.4 97.2 94.8 28.7 98.6 Hardness Chanee Pts. -12 -15 -18 f3 -2 -31 -37 +1 -23 -12 -41 +4 -12 +2 +5 -38 +5 Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tackv Tacky SI. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged TafkV SI. Tacky

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF CHLOROBUTYL

1066 COMPOUND

72 Hours Immersion at 212°F Vdume Change W Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil Benzaldehyde Oioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Cesoline (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganatu (25%) -l-7.86 +78.8 +168.1 +50.8 +29.0 +6.96 +4.92 +62.6 +167.1 +129.0 +4.07 i-27.2 +19.9 +262.4 +2.59 Tensile Sbemzth Retained 4 95.0 47.0 28.3 67.2 75.3 98.0 92.4 38.9 21.7 29.8 102.0 78.3 61.6 18.7 97.0

qongation Ret&d K
93.4 62.8 51.1 57.2 68.9 74.6 72.9 40.7 28.9 28.9 84.0 67.5 61.2 21.9 72.9

Hardness Change Pts. -3 -27 -34 -14 -16 0 -1 -20 -34 -25 fl -16 -14 -33 +1

Surface Condition Unchanged SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(continued)

Rubbws

and Elastomers

319

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

72 Hours Immersion at 212OF VOlUtVW Tonsik sb-tngm Ret&W K 74.8 104.5 102.0 17.7 99.5 84.9

Elongation
Retained W 74.6 76.0 64.7 29.9 76.0 45.7

Qunp%

Hardness Change Fts. -15 +1 +1 -41 -2 -14

surface
Condiitm Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Twkv Unchanged

Shydml 500
Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Tolutnc Tide (1%) UDMH

+19.4 +0.96 -Il.92 +238.2 +5.94 +18.6

One Month Immersion at 75O t IoF VdUmC Change K Tensile Strength Retained K 91.9 84.3 53.5 71.7 95.5 102.0 99.0 34.9 25.8 28.3 103.5 90.9 77.3 24.2 102.5 101.5 104.5 102.5 29.3 101.5 Elongation Retained% 87.1 75.3 49.4 62.8 85.4 91.8 91.1 35.3 23.5 25.2 93.4 64.7 66.6 21.2 84.7 91.1 91.8 92.5 28.2 92.5 77.6 Hardness Change-. +1 -4 -13 -9 +2 +2 +3 -20 -23 -21 +3 -4 -10 -23 i-4 +2 +2 +4 -22 d-4 -11 Surface Condii Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI Tackv Unchanged 51. Tacky Sl. Tacky SI. Tackv Unchangid SI Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanned Unchanged

Andme
A.S.T.M. No 1 011 ASTM No. 3 Oil Benzaldehyde Dioctyl Phlhalatt Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoltnt (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acld (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchlorotthyltnt Potasswm Pennanganatt (25%) Skydrol500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodwn Hydroxide (10%) Tolutnt Tide (1%)

+4.89 +11.1 +39.5 +21.9 +2.71 Lo.11 +1.78 +w.4 +158.2 + 138.4 +0.68 +3.75 +16.7 + 170.0 +0.69 +2.45 -0.12 0.00 +179.9 +1.01

Three Months Immersion at 75O * 5OF Vdume Chanm K Amline A.S T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 011 Btnzaldehydt Dioctyl Phthalatc Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON 99) Htxant Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Ptrchloroethyltnt Potassium Ptrmanganatt Skydrol500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Tolutnt Tide (1%) UDMH +6.64 +21.8 +114.s +31.7 +6.32 +0.58 +1.46 +62.8 +193.2 +156.3 +0.63 +8.20 +15.6 +220.0 (25%) +2.41 +2.80 0.00 -f-O.46 +182.5 +1.13 +17.0 TmsikStren#h Retained X 94.4 77.8 46.0 63.1 97.0 104.0 93.9 33.8 30.3 30.8 98.0 96.0 74.2 22.2 100.5 99.5 103.0 99.0 29.3 100.0 72.7 Ekmgation Retained% 90.1 65.9 37.5 54.1 65.4 91.8 m.0 36.9 27.5 25.9 87.8 87.1 64.2 19.5 86.4 65.4 88.7 64.0 27.5 87.8 68.9 Hardness Chanfp Pts. 0 -9 -21 -10 -1 +4 -3 -20 -22 -21 -l-3 -5 -9 -23 +4 +1 i-4 +2 -21 +1 -11 Surface Conditb SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Tacky SI. Tackv Unchanged Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(continued)

320

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Six Months Immersion at 75O 2 5OF Vdurm W% Amline ASTM No. 1 oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Dil Senraldehyde Dioctyl Phthalata Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON 99) Herant Hydrahloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketona Perchlomethyltna Potassium Pcrmanganate (25%) Skydrd 500 Sodium Chlorida (25%) Sodium Hydroxida (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) UDMH +4.05 +43.7 +157.0 +36.5 +9.38 +1.97 +1.43 +59.8 +189.0 +131.6 +0.89 +14.7 +14.7 +213.4 +4.59 +4.79 +0.12 +0.23 +191.3 +2.27 +14.5 Tansik Strength Ret&ad % 96.5 66.2 43.4 54.0 93.4 loo.5 100.0 37.4 24.8 31.8 100.0 90.9 77.8 24.2 106.1 98.5 97.0 112.5 31.3 100.0 73.7 Elongation Hardness Retained SC ChangePts. 91.8 55.8 33.6 48.7 82.4 81.7 88.2 36.9 26.6 26.6 87.1 76.0 64.2 20.5 86.4 87.1 84.0 87.8 26.6 83.1 71.3 0 -15 -25 -11 -4 +2 +1 -21 -25 -21 +4 -9 -9 -23 +4 0 +4 +4 -23 fl -9 Surtaca Condition Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged T=ky Sl. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Brittle Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Sl. Tacky

12 Months Immersion at 75O 2 5°F VOlUnW Changa n Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 011 Btnzaldehyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON 99) Htxant Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchlorotthyltnt Potassium Ptmanganatt (25%) Skydrol500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Tolutnt Tide (1%) UOMH +7.58 +52.8 + 135.0 +44.5 +12.8 f2.56 +2.82 +70.0 + 155.0 +110.4 +1.90 +19.9 +14.1 +220.0 +6.64 i-5.27 +0.25 +0.80 +127.5 f4.03 +13.5 Tensile Stigth Retaimd W 89.9 63.6 39.9 49.5 96.0 101.5 99.0 34.3 25.8 25.8 101.5 87.4 75.3 21.7 98.0 97.0 98.0 100.5 25.8 102.0 72.2 Elongation Retained% 92.5 54.1 33.7 46.4 82.4 88.7 82.4 37.6 25.2 29.9 80.7 81.2 66.6 22.3 77.6 88.7 86.4 84.0 27.5 87.4 72.2 Hardness ChangePtm -3 -20 -21 -13 -6 +4 +2 -22 -26 -28 +5 -11 -8 -25 +4 -1 +4 +2 -22 +4 -10 Surfaa Condition Tacky St. Tacky Unchanged Tacky Sl. Tackv Unchanged Sl. Tacky Unchanged Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky SL Brittle SI. Tack-y Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tackv Sl. Ta& Unchanged

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF VISTALON

404 COMPOUND

72 Hours Immersion at 212OF Volume Changa K Anlllnt A S.T.M. No. 1011 A.S.T.M. No. 3 011 Benraldehyde Dtoctyl Phthalate f560 * 129.2 +216.4 126.4 139.6 Tensile Strangth Retained K 105.0 53 3 38.9 85.0 88.5 Elongation Retainad K 114 0 46 2 33.3 80.3 82.8 Hardness Change Pts. -3 -34 -35 -13 -18 Sutfaw Condition SI. Tacky Swollen Swollen SI. Tacky Unchanged

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers TABLE 2.12: VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON CHEMICALS (continued)

321

72 Hours

Immersion

at 212OF
Hardness Change Pts.
+2 -4 -28 -37 -30 +1 -10 -26 -12 -40 +5

volume Change W
DIstIlled Ethyl Ethyl Water +0.65 -1.31 +97.0 99) + 187.8 +177.6 Acid Aud (10%) (Cow.) +5.80 +37.7 +64.0 + 16.3 +207.1 (25%) +0.84 +9.54 +0.93 +0.40 +57.9 +0.91 +218.1 +16.5 Alcohol Ether (RON

Tensile Strength Retained w
106.1 107.7 41.5 38.4 36.9 100.0 80.5 69.2 83.0 23.6 103.7 99.8 111.5 107.0 Brittle 102.7 22.6 86.4

Elongation Retained W
102.2 105.0 36.5 35.2 30.2 88.0 72.6 66.7 78 3 40.4 94.3

Surface Condition
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen SI. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Cracked Swollen Unchanged Unchanged

Gasolme Hexane Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Lard

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate Skydrol 500 Sodturn Sodium Sulfuric Chloride (25%) Hydroxide (10%) Acid (Cont.)

101.0
101.8 91.0 Brittle 100.0 30.2 97.5

-4
0 +3 136 +1 -35

ltde (1%) Toluene UDMH

-11

One

Month

Immersion

at 75O 2

YF
SUliWX

volume Chanp SC
Anlllne A ST A ST M No M. No 1 011 3 011 +2.14 +70.1 +214.4 +15.9 +9.08 -0.10 +0.12 +99.9 99) (10%) )

Tensile Strength Retained SC
103.8 57.2 46.8 79.8 103.6 109.3

Elongation Hardness Retained SC Change Pts.
109.5 47.2 34.0 76.8 94.0 105 1 -2 -23 -29 -8 -4 ‘5

Condiiion
St lacky Swollen Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Si. Tacky Swollen SI Brlttle

Benzaldehyde Dloctyl Phthalate Dtstllled Ethyl Ethyl Water

Alcohol Ether (RON

101.9
36.9

102.5
38.5

.h 1
-27

Gasoline Herane Hydrochloric Hydrochlow

+166.8
+ 190.9 +0.94 +7.53 +23.9 +8.59 +93.3 (25%)

40.8
36.4 114.4 101.6 93.2 92.7 45.8

33.3
28.9

-30
-32

Acid

110.1
116 83.6 83.6 44.3 7

15
-I 3 -13 -8 -29

SI. Tacky
SI Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl Tacky Unchanged Unchanged

Aced (Cone

Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate Skydrol 500 Sodturn Chloride f25%) Sodpum Sulfuric I de Toluene UDMH Hydroxide Aced (Cone (10%) )

+1.04
+1.08 +0.02 +0.14

94.5
104.3 107.8 103.6

83 8
103.8 103.8 99.5

-8
‘3 .: 6 +3

+10.1
+0.43 +182.9 +7.68

61.1
112.3 34.0 93.7

I

( I ?P, )

74.4 107.1
28.9 99.3

+4 .‘6
-31 -4

Three Months Immersion at 75O f 5*F VOlUllW Change K
Andme A S.T.M

Tensile Strength Retained W 103.8
51.7

Elongation Retained % 110.8
44.8

Hardness Change Pts. ‘2
-27

Surface Condition
Unchanged Swollen

+2.26
No. 1011 + 108.4

A S.T M. No. Benraldehyde Dloctyl Dlst!lled Ethyl Ethyl

3 Oil

+218.4
+27.3 +9.92 +0.44 +0.25 +94.4

39.4
77.8 103.7 106.9 97.2 40.8 43.4 32.5 105 85.2 98.5 41.8 0

32.7
74.4

-31
-8

Swollen
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Swollen SI Tacky

Phthalate Water Alcohol Ether LRON 99)

101.0
106.5 104.5 42.8 35.8 32.7 106 5

-3
-’ 5 -. 4 -28 -33 -30 ‘6

Gasoline Hexane Hydrochloric Hydrochlonc Lard

+183.5 +175.8 t1.02 ) (Cow

Actid (10%) Acid

+11.0
+20.9 +8.54 188 1

95.5

1130
92.8 93.7 46 8

-2
-14 -5 -27

Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Swollen

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchioroethylene

(continued)

322

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Months Immersion at 75O f 5OF Volume Chane %
Skydrol Sodium Sodfum
Sulfurrc

Tensile Strength Retained %
a7 a

U0tlgG3tihl

Retained K
aa 5 105 1 106 101 48 100 5 a 2 0

Hardness Change Pk. ‘6 0
-3 ~’ 7 -1 -7 -31 -3

surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged l$hanged Unctiangod SWOlll?fl Unchanged

POtaSslUm Permanganate 500
Chiorlde Hydroxide Acid (Cow 125%) (10%) )

(25%)

A

2.67 11.15

104.3
;07 a 103.7 39 9 102 31.1 93.7 7

2 0.15 20 28 i 32.2 -0.56 +169.9 ‘a.98

T!de UDMH

(I?,,)

Toluene

32 7 100 0

Six Months immersion
Vdumr Tensile Strength Elongation

at 75O t 5OF
Hardness Surface

Change %
Anlllne A S T M. No. A S T M. No. aewaldehyde Dmctyl Distilled Ethyl Ethyl Phthalate 1 011 3 011 -199 1130.0 1213.5 +3a J-10 -0 187 99) 1-181.6 2 1 28 5

Retained %
98.5 51 2 414 77 4 105 5

Retained %
103.2 44 a 37 6 74 4 107 104 2 4

Change ph.
-1 -25 -27 -10 -6 -6

Condition
Unchanged Swoller! Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Water

--0.66

103

a

Alcohol Ether (RON

99 a 39 4 42.8

101 a 410 37 a

-3
-25

Gasoline

Hexane
Hydrochlow Hydrochlorfic Lard Methyl Ethvl Perchloroeihylene Potassium Skydrol Sodaurn Sodturn Sulfurtc Tide Toluene UDMH Permannanate 500 Chloride Hydroxfde Acjd (Cow.) (25%) (10%) (25s6)

Acid (1046)
Acfd Ketone (Cont.)

1167 3 -1.63
+14 a +34 a +a.09 +a6 -2.65 -1.05 ‘007 - 0 33 142 6 - 0 53 +I564 19 74 a

32 3 97 2
a6 a a3 0 94 0 40.3 93.7 106 5 99 a 103 103 30.4 91.7 7 7 23 4

32.5 108 2 98 2
a5 5 90 4 45 7 94 3 105 103 1018 28 3 103 a 32.5 96 a 2 2

-30 -27 -4 -3
-18 -6 -26 -3 -2 -4 -4 -2 -4 -27 -3

SWOilen Swollen SI Tacky
Unchanged Unchanged SI Tackv swoiler!: Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI Tacky Swollen Unchanged

(1%)

12

Months Immersion at 75O 2 5OF Elongation Retained %
108.3 44.2 34.1 75 0 9 104 5 108 9 108 2 40.3 34 6 30 a 108 2 82 7 79 4 96.9 49 4 99 3 103 3 100 0 102 5 52 106 2

Volume Change %
Anllloe A S 1 M. No A ST Dloctyl M. No Benraldehyde Phthalate ‘Olstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline Hexane Hydrochloric Hydrochlorx Lard Acid (10%) Aced (Cow (RON 99) 1 011 3 011 ‘1.90 f144 +211 +31.3 +10 5 10 55 -0.06 +107.5 f179.4 +193.5 2 8

Tensile Strength Retained %
105 42.8 81.3 108 107 9 107.4 38 5 42.8 32.5 110.2 75 a 83.8 98.6 424 98.8 1104 103.2 101 9 10.3 109.8 37 9 102 4 4 53.2

Hardness Change Pts.
-1 -29 -29 -12 -6 -3 -2 -25 -30 -28 -2 -4 -16 -6 -30 0 -1 A3 -1 -3 -2 -30 -a

Surface Condition
Unchanged Swollen Swollen SI Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Swolfen SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SWOllell

)

fl54 123 3 132.1 +103 ‘1038 (25%) +2.50 +1.01 +o 01 LO.19 ‘767 1O +178.6 i12.4 69

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethyiene Potassium Skydrol Sodium Sodturn Sulfuric Tide Permanganate 500 Chloride Hydroxide Acid (1%) (Cow (25%) (10%) )

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI Tacky Swollen Unchanged

Toluene UDMH

32 a 98 2

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

323

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBE:RS-EXXON
OF COMPOUND

CHEMICALS

(continued)

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

BASED ON HIGH MOONEY EPDM

72 HOWS immersion
VdUlIla Anlllne
A.S.T.M No. 1011 3 Oil A.S.T.M. No Senzaldehyde Dloctyl Dlstllled Ethyl Ethyl

at 212OF Hardnasa Changa Pts. -1
-25 -28 -10

chnp% +1.72
t83.1 +119.9 +12.8 +24.7

Tamilc stnmgm Rabinad % 98.5
51.7 35.9 77.0 83.0

Elongation Ratainad W 87.6
49.5 37.2 72.4 73.0

Surface Condition SI. Tacky
SWOllen Swollen Unchanged Unchanged

Phthalate Water Alcohol Ether (RON 99)

-11 0
+1 -16 -25 -18 0 -8 -19 -7 -27 +1 -1 0 0 t29 t1 -25 -1

+1.10
-3.47 +62.6 +121.8 +93.4 Acid Acid (10%) (Cont.) +14.6 +32.3 +38.9 +5.15 +109.7 (25%) +1.65 +2.08 +2.69 +0.43 t66.9 t1.63 t150.2 +5.22

104.7
95.6 36.0 35.5 28.1 74.8 70.7 65.0 72.1 20.7 99.5 104.4 94.7 98.8 44.7 88.6 23.0 70.1

85 0
83.6 36.3 38.0 25.8 60.0 60.9 63.7 73.5 31.4 78.0 89.5 73.5 74.3 0

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Cracked Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Gasoline Hexane

Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Lard Methyl Ethyl

Ketone

Perchloroethylene Potasswm Permanganate Skydrol 500 Sodium Sodurn Chloride Hydroxide (25%) (10%)

Sulfuric (Acid Tide (1%) Toluene UDMH

(Cow.)

77.2
30.6 66.5

Ona Month Immersion at 75O -C S°F VOIUIIN USC
AnNlIne A S T.M No 1 011 3 011 A S.1 M No Senraldehyde Dloclyl Dlstllled Ethyl Ethyl t 5.05 t53.1 t 128.6 +3.00 +3.35 to.37 -0.65 +61.6 99) t 106.9

Tans& Srw#h Ratained n
93.4 56.7 44.7 75.4 91.2 104.5 97.5 33.3 42.8

Elongation Ratainad%
90.7 48.5 35.9 71.4 87.7 94.4 89.5 36.3 363

Hardnass ChangaPls.
-1 -13 -16 -4 -2 i2 -~ 1 -12

sulfaca Condition
SI. Tacky Swollen Swollen SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Phthalate Water Alcohol Ether (RON

Gasoltne

Herane
Hydrochlonc Hydrochloric Lard Methyl Ethyl Acld Acid (10%) (Cont.)

+119.2
+1.22 t4.37 t20.8 +0.28 +73.5 (25%) +0.59 -5.99 +0.04 +0.45 t7.81 t 1.61 +121.1 t1.65

32.7
104.2 102.4 77.7 76.5 37.4 105.4 102.4 102.2 104.5 52.3 100.8 28.5 75.2

25.8
94.4 92.3 76.3 77.2 36.3 96.3

-17 -13
‘1 +2 -8 -1 -17 -t2 12 t2 *2 ‘6 +3 -16 -c2

Swollen
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged

Ketone

Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate Skydrol 500 Sodium Sodium Sulfuric Chloride (25%) tivdroxlde (10%) (Acid (Cont.)

97.2
93.5 95.2 37.8 94.4 26.6 60.8

Trde (1%) Tolue& UDMH

.

lhroa T_sbryth bt&md% t4.97 No. 90.8 51.7 36.5 83.8 99.5 106.0 95.8 39.6

Months

Immanion at 7b0 2 So*
w Retainad 89.5 46.7 30.6 80.8 97.2 % Hafdnesf Change -1 -17 -17 -4 -2 -2 ‘1 -13 RI. Surfaa? --

c

Conditkw
Unchanged Swollen Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchangeg Unchanged Sl. Tacky Swollen Swollen

AnlIme
A.S T.M A S.T.M

1 011

+75.0 +128.4 t7.30 +3.52 +0.69 -0.67 t63.7

No. 3 011

Senzaldehyde Ouoctyl Phthalate Dbstllled Ethyl Ethyl Hexane Water Alcohol Ether (RON 99)

97.2
91.5 40.8

Gasolmc

+111.1
+111.4

43.8
30.4

400
31.5

-18
-15

(continued)

324

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Months Vdume
chanm K

Immersion Elongation Retained 83.6 91.5 62.0 85.7 41.4 89 5 96.3 97.8 93.5 22.8 97.2 29.4 58.7 %

at

75” + W
Hardness Change -1 -1 -9 -1 -17 -2 -1 i- 1 +3 -9 -‘2 -16 0 Unchanged Pts. Surface Condition SI Tacky Unchanged

Tensile Strength
Retained 90.8 97.5 61.7 85.7 37.8 91.7 101.8 103.8 99.5 35.5 102.2 26.1 71.8 n

Hydrochlonc
Hydrochloric Lard Methyl Ethvl

Acld (10%) Acid (Cont.) Ketone

+1.30 +9.43 +25.5 +0.62 -l-72.8 (25%) -0.91 -5.95 +0.23 +0.26 +32.1 +1.90 +117.3 +3.13

Unchanged
SI Tackv swon;n

Perchloroeihylene Potassium Skydrol Sodwm Sodlum Sulfuric 500 Permannanate -

Chloride (25%) Hydroxide (10%) (Acid (Cont.)

Unchanged
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged

Tide (1%) Toluene UDMH

Six Months

Immersion

at 75O t

5’F

Vdume C)unm n
AntlIne A

TenslIe strsllgth Retained %
93.9 41.8 87.8 96.4 104 93.2 38.9 35.5 30.4 97.5 92.6 72.8 76.0 37.3 95.0 91.7 98.8 100.9 23.8 104.9 26.3 70.0 2

Elongation Retained W 48.5
37.8 80.0 94 4 100 0 87.7 40.0 37.8 31.5 89 808 74.3 77.2 39 2 89 5 91.5 95.2 93.5 11.4 98.0 28.6 56.3 5 95 3

Hardness Chance Pts. -15
-15 -3 -2 -1

Sur(aa Condition
Unchanaed SwolleG SWOlle” Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Swollen Swollen SI Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky

S T M. No. 1 011
3011

+85.0
+129.7 +9.90 i-3.72 +0.93 -0.51 +59.4 f110.5 + 103.0 +2.00 +12.5 -l-27.0 +0.36 f73.2 (25%) f1.88 -5.73 +0.20

+4.55

50.7

ASTM No Benzaldehyde Dloctyl Dlstllled Ethyl

Phthalate Water Alcohol 99)

.1
-1 -11 -17 -14 -2 -2 -10 0 -15 -3 -2 -2 -1 -8 ‘1 -14 +2

Ethyl Ether Gasolme (RON Hexane Hydrochloric Hydrochlortc Lard Methyl Ethyl Potasswm Skydrol Sodwm Sodium Sulfuric Tide UDMH

Acid (10%) Acld (Cont.) Ketone

Perchloroethylene Permanganatc 500 Chloride (25%)

Hvdroxidc (10%) (Aced (Con; )

+0.26 +45.2 +1.82 +115.3 +4.30

(1%)

Toluene

Swollen
Unchanged

12 Months

Immersion

at 75O 2 5OF Hardness ChangePb.
-3 -18 -22 -4 -3 0 0 -10 -18 -13 fl 0 -9 -1 -14 +2 Al +2 0 +19 -1 -16 6 -3

Vdunw Change K
Aniline A S T M No. 1011 A S.T M No 3 011 Eenraldehyde Dloctyl Phthalate +6.53 +9D.9 +144.4 +7.63 +4.02 +1.92 +0.33 +69.4 +1104 + 128.3 Acid (10%) Acid (Cont.) +3.86 +18.3 +27.2 +2.04 +75.9 (25%) +2.46 -5.47 -0.14 +0.29 +55.8 +2.83 +114.6 +21.9

Tan80 Strom@ Retained %
95.0 47.8 42.8 87.9 110.3 103.6 100.3 35.3 38.7 30.4 88.0 79.7 69 2 74.6 32.7 101.8 100.8 96.7 100.8 Broken 105.0 39.9 61.3

Elongation Retained%
95.2 43.7 36.3 80.0 964 94.3 93.5 23.6 36.3 29.5 80.0 66.5 69.5 73.5 31 5 93.4 92.3 87.7 90.6 Broken 93.5 30.5 43

Surtaw Cat&ion
Unchanged Swollen Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Swollen Swollen SI. Tacky Unchangid Unchanged Sl. Tacky Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Si. EMtIe SI. Tacky Swollen Unchanged

Dlstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasolme (RON Hexane Hydrochloric Hydrochloric Lard

99)

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylenc Potasswm Permanganatc Skydrol 500 Sodium Sodwm Sulfuric Chloride (25%) Hydroxldc (10%) (Acid (Cont.)

Tide (1%) Toluene UDMH

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

325

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS
CHEMICAL

ELASTOMERS
RESISTANCE

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)
EPDM

OF HIGHLY LOADED COMPOUND

BASED ON HIGH MOONEY

72 Hours

Immersion at 212-F Elongation Retained K 81.9 89.3 68 0
68 0 84.0 87.1 85.6 68.0 68.0 48.2 87.1 90.9 85.6 64.1 60.5 92.5 69.5 89.3 89.3 ,+12 -20 -35 -28 -4 -13 -15 -“348

Vdume Change SC
Anlllne A.S T.M A S T.M Dloctyl Distilled Ethyl Ethyl No No 1011

Tensile Strength Retained SC 116.0 108.0 65.2
102.3 112.3 117.3 110.2 83.8 69.5 58.7 121.0 109.5 116.0 76.5 60.8 134.0 114.5 123.0 126.0 65.0

Hardness Change Pts. +10 -31 -39
+4 -2 0

Sur(ace Condition Unchanged
Swollen

3 011

-10.7 f57.1 +103.3
-5.26 +3.11 +0.66 -16.4 +21.9

Swollen
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Broken Unchanged SI. Brittle Unchanged

Benzaldchyde Phthalate Water Alcohol Ether (RON 99)

Gasoline Hexane

+85.6 +59.8

Hydrochlow Hydrochloric

Acid (10%) Acid (Cont.)

+9.35 +25.2 +19.4 -8.71 +68.5 (25%) +3.13 -9.89 -0.18 +0.76 +74.2 +1.55 +96.9 -10.6

Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate Skydrol 500 Sodwm Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Sulfuric Acid (Cont.) Ttde (1%) Toluene UDMH

+2 +9 -3 +2 +I6

119.5
42.2 99.5

85.6
48.2 69.5

+1
-38 +7

One

Month Immersion at 75’ 5 5OF Elongation Retained K
94.7 90.8

* Surface Condition
Unchanged Swollen Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged

votume Cm%
Anilme A S T.M No. 1011 AS T.M No 3 Oil Benraldehydc Dloctyl Dlstllled Ethyl Ethyl Phthalatc Water Alcohol Ether (RON 99) -5.40 +29.3

Tensite Strength Retained K
105.7 116.2 ::t 97.7 115.8 102.8 86.4 77.8 61.4 121.4 126.3 104.2 95.8 100.0 117.2 94.3 117.8 119.8 64.4 117.2 60.7 110.7

Hardness Change Pts.
+5 -19

+a1.1
-5.76 -5.18 +0.16 -6.77 +27.5 +69.8 +70.8 +0.49 ) +4.31 +7.99 -7.73 +39.3 (25%) +0.64 -11.8 +0.05 +0.08 +15.5 +0.21 i72.9 -8.76

642
85.5 89.5 94.4 92.6 73.2 64.2 44.3 97.8 94.7 92.6 85.5 85.5 97.8 87.2 97.8 100.0 26.7 97.8 54.5 58.5

-26
14 -42 t2 16 -16 -28 -25

Gasolme Hexane

Hydrochloric Hydrochlow Lard Methyl Ethyl

Acid (10%) Acid (Cow Ketone

t2
+2 -8 +6 -24 +2 +8 0 t2 -3 +1 -25 +7

SI. Tacky
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Brittle Unchanged

Perchhxoethylene Polasswm Permanganate Skydrol 500 Sodwm Chloride (25%) Sodwm Sulfuric Hydrorlde (10%) Actid (Cone )

Tide (1%) Tol”ene UDMh

Three Months Immersion at 75* 2 5’F Vdw

c-w%
Anlllne A.S T.M. No. 1011 A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil Benzaldehvde Dw~~tyl Phihalate Dlstllled -5.43 +48.7 +85.1 -6.19 -5.21

Tanslle~
Retained K
103.5 97.7 72.8 103.5 100.0

Elongation Retained%
105.3 83.9 60.5 89.5 97.8

Hardness Change Pts.
16 -24 -29 +4 -i4

Surface Condition
Unchanged Swollen Swollen Unchaneed Unchanged

Water

+0.35
-6.98 +28.1 99) -+71.6 +62.i

123.0
110.7 86.4 80.0 63.5

105.3
101.5 81.9 69.5 53 8

-+2
13 -18 -28 -23

Unchanaed
Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Swollen

Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasolme Hcxane (RON

(continued)

326

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

VOlUlllO Change K
Hydrochlorx Hydrbchlorlc Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate Skydrol 500 Sodwm Sobum Sulrur~c Chlonde (25%) Hydroxide A&d (Co&) (25%) Actd (10%) Acid (Cow) -I 0.39 +6.24 +10.0 -7.55 +34.5 +1.08 -11.5 +0.10 +1.12 +33.9 +0.31 +64.6 -7.84

Tensile strength Retained K
117.2 122.2 87.2 97.2 97.7 84.5 92.2 122.2 121.4 42.2 117.2 62.2 113.5

Elongation Retained ?4
100 0 96 3 85.5 89.5 81.9 81.9 85.5 105.3 105 3 9.4 100.0 55 0 62.6

Hardness Change Pts.
-1 -1 -11 -6 -24 0 -4 -2 ‘i2 0 t2 -26 f7

SUrfaCt Condition
SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged

(10%)

ride (1%) Toluent UDMH

Six

Months Immersion at 79 Elongation Retained W
96.3 89.5 65 8 85.6 5 92 96 3 94.7 74 8 74.8 57.3 101.5 100.0 97.8 83.9 80.2 87.1 90 9 92.3 97.3 Broken 97.8 55.0 65.8

k S°F Hardness Change pt*
-4 -24 -28 -5 12 -2 -4 -13 -29 -28 -2 -3 -13 ‘5 -21 0 f8 -2 0 -3 -1 -27 +6

VOIUIIW Change W
Anlllne A S T M A S T.M. No No 1 011 3 011 -5.43 f55.6 +85.9 -7.03 -5.15 +0.32 -6.56 99) +44.1 +73.0 A-61 Acfd (1046) Acid (Cone +0.26 ) +8.58 +12.0 -7.77 +32.1 (250,) +2.79 -11.5 -0 01 -0.08 f410 +0.90 +68.1 -7.22 6

Tensile Strength Retained %
101.3 93.7 74.4 103.7 102.3 108.0 103 5 81.5 75.0 63.5 1185 124 2 108.5 96.5 91 8 102.8 99.4 106.3 113.5 Broken 111.5 58.5 119.2

Surface Condition
Unchanged Swollen Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Swollen Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI.Tacky Swollen Unchanged

Benzaldehyde Dfoctyl Phthalate Dlsttlled Ethyl Water

Alcohol

Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON Hexane Hydrochloric Hydrochlorx Lard

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Skydrol Sodturn Sodium Sulfurtc Permanganate 500 Chlortde (25%) Hydroxide (10%) Acid (Cone

)

Tide (1%) Toluene UDMH

12 Months Immersion at 79 Vdunw Change %
AnlIme A ST M. No A S.T M No Eenzaldehyde Dloctyl Phthalate Dtstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasolme (RON Hexane Hydrochlor,c Hydrochlorx Lard Methvl Ethyl 99) Acid Acld (lo?&.) (Cone ) 1011 3 011 -4.31 +59.3 f88 0 -7.94 -5.18 +o 68 -5.64 +31.1 +75.2 +70.9 10.39 +12 2 +I0 6 -7.48 +36.8

2 S°F Hardness ChangePts.
T3 -28 -29 15 -4 -1 ‘5 -20 -29 -22 ‘1 -4 -9 i3 -19

Tamik Strength RetBirmdn
109.2 91.5 77.9 106 108.5 107.0 116.3 82.2 75 7 64.3 1165 122.0 100.0 93.5 100 99.3 0 2

Elongation Retained%
97 8 80.2 67.8 73.2 89 3 92.3 96.3 69 5 71.2 53.5 92.5 90 8 89 3 74 8 71 2

Surfaa Condii
Unchanged Swollen Swollen SI Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Swollen SI Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Swollen Unchanged

Ketone

Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate Skydrol 500 Sodurn Sodturn Sulfuric Chloride (25%) Hydroxide ( IOn.) Acid (Cone )

(25%)

+4.56
-11.2 -0.34 +o.os +44.1 +0.51 -l-77.0 +9.78

104.5 1115
110.7 Broken 112.9 59.4 124.3

87.1
87.1

-2
+10

96 3
92 5 Broken loo.0 53.5 58.8

Al
0 18 -1 -28 -5

Unchanged Unchanged SI Brittle

Tide (1%) Toluene UDMH

SI. Tacky Swollen Unchanged

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

327

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS
CHEMICAL

AND RUBBERS-EXXON
OF NATURAL

CHEMICALS

(continued)

RESISTANCE

RUBBER COMPOUND

72 Hwrs Immersion at 212OF VobM
~w.W

Tensile Strength
RaMled K

Elongatii
Ret8hd SC

Hardness Change Pts. -19 -34 -35 -25 -30 -3 0 -15 -20 -4 -20 -21 -43 -1 -41 -3 -5 -3

SUlfXZ

Condiiion Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Si. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged

Aniline ASTM No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil Benzsldehyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Heune Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate (25%) Skydrol500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tida (1%)

+32.1 +77.6 +143.9 +244.8 +147.7 +6.14 +2.35 +84.6 +io8.a +11.2 +BO.9 +47.2 -l-465.4 +3.15 +48.6 -0.36 +2.96 Disinbgmted +5.89

30.2 38.7 11.2 4.3 10.2 89.2 78.4 34.a 26.2 61.0 36.7 44.6 3.6 54-4 22.6 89.5 94.8 86.9

45.5 70.0

50.8
16.2 27.7 78.5 58.4 34.6 28.4 49.2 42.3 51.5 17.8 49.2 65.4 83.1 83.1 75.5

One Month Immersion at 75O i B°F Vuhnlle

-m%
Amline A.S T.M. No. 1 011 A.S 7.M No. 3 Oil Benzaldehyde Dtoctvl Phthalate Drstilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Heune Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lsrd Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate(25%) Skvdrol 600 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +a.90 +24.6 +107.3 +7a.3 +64.3 +1.32 +1.85 +95.5 +107.4 +2.17 +51.3 +46.a +219.7 +4.19 +25.8 -0.83 +0.72 +206.1 +1.92

Tmsile Sbwwth Reteined 2 94.4 88.2 42.0 34.4 54.4 102.6 88.9 28.2 31.5 96.1 63.6 53.4 23.0 84.3 89.2 105.3 102.3 20.7 97.1

Elonnation Hardness Retakd SC ChanpPts. 90.1 82.5 38.6 38. i 53.1 100.9 73.2 32.3 31.6 91.7 60.1 56.1 22.4 81.5 88.5 97.7 97.7 20.8 94.7 -5 -10

Surface condition SI Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanned Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

-18
-20 -15 0 -4 -17 -16 -1 -15 -15 -20 -3 -11 -1 -1 -20 0

Three Months immersion at 75“ 2 5OF VOIUITIO Channn Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil Benzaldehyde Droctyl Phthalate Drstilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) +ii.a +41.8 +102.2 +87.0 +78.4 +2.98 +2.15 +119.3 +107.3 +3.61 Tmsile Stmngth Retained % 89.8 79.3 41.0 20.7 57.4 103.0 79.7 24.3 28.9 84.0 Elongation Retained% 88.5 74.6 38.6 30.7 55.4 98.6 78.5 31.6 30.7 79.2 Hardness ChanrgaPte. -7 -10 -15 -24 -19 0 -3 -21 -18 -2 Suliace Condiiion SI Tacky Unchanged Unchenged SI. Tacky Unchanged UnchanIyd Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(continued)

328

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Thrn Vdume change K Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylcne Potassium Permanganate(25W) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +65.4 +4a.o +229.4 -1.29 +27.4 +0.71 +2.41 +2122 +3.28

Months Immersion at 75O t 5OF Etongatbl Retained% 53.1 44.6 21.5 68.6 77.8 91.7 77.2 23.1 91.7 Hardness Change ph -17 -20 -23 0 -10 +2 surface Condition Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky St. Tacky

Tensile Strength Retained K 56.4 31.8 22.6 71.2 76.4 98.0 84.3 21.0 97.1

0
-23 -1

Six Months Immersion at 75O I?I5OF Vdume chanee w
Anlllne

Tensile Strength Retained W 89.5 71.8 35.4 11.5 44.9 97.7 76.7 21.6 30.2 79.3 51.5 24.6 19.0 61.0 57.1 87.5 74.1 16.4 98.0

Ebngation Retained %

Hardness Chanae Fts.

Surface Condition SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Tacky SI. Tacky

AST M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 011 Benzaldehyde Dmctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohd Ethyl Ether Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate(25K) Skvdrol5OD Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%)

+lO.B -I-47.9 +125.8 +91.6 +B2.9 +3.34 +1.81 +106.B +104.5 +4.22
+68.8 +50.8 +255.0 +0.65 +29.5 +1.31 +3.49 +246.8 +4.75

87.1 67.7 34.0 23.1 45.5 91.7 73.9 27.0 30.0 69.3
50.1 38.6 20.8 53.1 67.0 81.5 67.0 20.8 92.4

-8 -15 -20 -29 -20 0 -5 -23 -18 0
-16 -23 -25 -3 -18 0 -1 -26 0

12 Months Immersion at 75k 2 5OF
Vdume Change K Aniline A.S.T M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 011 Benzaldchyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Hcune Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloruethylene Potassium Pennanganate(25%) Slwdrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydruxide (10%) Tduene Tide (1%) f14.1 +48.1 + 128.8 + 106.8 +90.0 +4.54 +3.59 +111.5 +81.7 +5.06 +74.8 +57.0 +211.4 +1.29 +32.4 -0.24 +7.34 + 187.6 +6.44 Tensile Strength Ratained % 83.6 68.9 33.4 4.3 32.8 92.1 74.8 16.7 25.3 67.2 40.0 13.4 13.1 71.2 37.4 84.3 57.1 12.5 90.2 Etongatien Retained W 84.8 67.7 34.6 19.2 39.9 84.8 68.6 27.7 30.0 60.1 44.6 32.3 19.2 67.0 53.8 76.2 50.8 20.8 76.2 Hardness Change Pts. -7 -20 -23 -36 -24 +4 -2 -29 -20 +2 -24 -3D -30 -3 -25 +3 0 -22 +2 surface Cendition SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Brittle Unchansed Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky St. Tacky

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

329

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF SBR COMPOUND
72 Hnurs Immersion at 212OF

VOlUn CRawa% Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil ASTM No. 3 Oil 8enzaldchydc Dioctvl Phthalatc Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Huane HydrochloricAcid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethytene Potassium Permanganate (25%) Stwdrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +71.1 +24.9 + 103.9 +150.6 +%.2 +5.17 -0.12 +68.7 +61.6 +12.5 +45.8 +52.4 +208.3 +3.74 +97.2 -0.11 +1.86 +255.7 +4.03

Tmiksbwhgul R&abed% 25.8 84.4 37.7 22.5 41.8 98.8 70.9 29.5 31.2 95.1 64.3 29.9 13.9 78.7 20.1 102.5 99.6 11.1 107.8

ElongM Retained% 34.0 66.0 55.8 25.5 40.5 62.3 47.3 28.3 32.0 59.5 51.8 33.1 16.2 51.0 38.8 65.2 70.8 18.4 70.0

Wardness change Pls. -26 -13 -26 -27 -22 +2 +3 -17 -17 -2 -17 -17 -28 0 -37 +3 0 -38 +2

Surface Condii Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged V. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

One Month Immersion at 75O * 5OF Volume CKawa% Aniline ASTM No. 1 oil ASTM No. 3 Dil Bcnzaldehyde Duxtyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Huane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylcne Potasswm Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodwm Chloride (25%) wium Hydroxide (10%) Tduene Tide (1%) +x).3 +5.21 +58.0 +105.8 +53.3 +1.35 +0.79 +74.8 +92.5 +2.04 +16.2 +47.5 +190.5 +7.42 +46.6 +0.21 +0.71 + 196.4 +2.16 TeMikSbulgth Retained% 67.2 lM.9 53.3 28.3 53.3 111.9 99.2 29.5 32.0 109.8 70.5 34.4 24.6 109.0 56.5 109.0 108.2 25.0 107.8 gKJr.rgattafr Retainad% 58.1 92.6 45.3 26.4 47.3 96.3 85.8 29.2 30.3 92.6 61.5 34.8 19.8 88.7 53.0 90.7 90.7 19.8 96.3 Hardness ChangaPts. -11 -3 -18 -19 -16 0 -1 -17 -16 +1 -14 -16 -20 -2 -17 +1 +3 -19 +1 Surface Condition SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky SI. Tacky V. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged

mrs0 Months Im-ton

at 75’ * S°F Hardness ChanlQPk -9 +6 -17 -21 -16 +3 0 -17 -15 +3 SurtKc CondRhn St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanned

f-8-m
Rat&led% Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 oil ASTM No. 3 Oil 8anzaldehyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Huane Hvdrochlaric Acid llOX\ +22.1 +9.m +91.8 +104.8 +75.9 +2.93 +0.45 +110.0 +93.0 +3.95 a.8 98.4 56.2 21.7 50.4 117.6 94.3 29.9 31.9 109.4

-WI*
btaimd% 50.1 84.1 45.3 22.7 43.3 93.5 77.3 28.3 32.0 87.8

(continued)

330

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Months Immersion at 750 ? 5oF Vdume change Y Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylcne Potasswm Pwmanganate (25%) Skydrol SD0 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +54.7 +53.1 +189.6 +9.10 +45.3 +0.52 +1.74 +189.1 +3.67 Tensile Strength Retained K 68.0 32.4 22.9 101.2 53.7 113.9 107.0 23.8 109.8 Elongation Retained % 60.3 31.1 17.9 79.3 50.1 94.3 85.0 17.1 89.8 Hardness Change Pts. -16 -15 -20 -1 -12 +3 +1 -19 +2 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sf. Tacky Unchanged

Six Months Immersion at 75* 2 S°F Tansife sbength Retained% 57.4 101.6 52.5 24.6 54.9 109.4 89.8 28.7 32.8 107.8 75.5 37.3 21.7 91.4 54.5 108.6 92.6 18.4 107.8 Elongation Retained W 47.3 85.0 41.6 23.6 44.5 83.0 71.7 27.5 31.2 77.3 66.0 34.0 17.0 70.0 50.1 85.0 70.0 16.2 82.2 Hardness ChangePts. -5 -6 -19 -22 -17 +3 0 -18 -15 0 -16 -16 -17 -2 -18 +3 f3 -20 +3 Surface Conditii SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Sf. Tacky

c Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 011 Benzaldehyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Huane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Pwmanganate Skydrol 500 Sodwm Chloride (25%) Sodwm Hydroxide (10%) Toluene lade (1%) +19.6 +13.5 +88.2 +100.8 +a3.4 +4.28 +1.26 +73.7 +58.4 +3.49 +46.3 +52.9 + 195.9 +9.31 +45.8 +1.25 +2.84 +201.8 +4.75

(25%)

12 Months Immersion at 75* 2 SF Vdume Change% Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil Benraldehydc Dtoctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohd Ethyl Ether Hwane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potasswm Permanganate (25%) Skvdrol 500 Sodaurn Chloride (25%) Sodwm Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +26.5 +14.9 +87.8 +110.0 +78.3 +6.08 -l-O.42 +82.8 +52.7 +6.09 +36.2 +57.3 +204.2 +11.2 +46.4 +0.11 +4.06 +166.6 +6.48 Tensile Sbength ReteimdK 57.4 96.7 53.3 16.0 49.2 111.9 94.7 26.2 29.5 106.6 62.7 25.4 21.7 77.9 47.5 109.0 85.7 13.9 110.7 Elongatien Ret&ted% 56.7 82.2 45.3 21.8 41.7 76.5 72.8 27.5 33.1 72.8 64.7 27.5 19.8 55.8 47.3 83.0 61.5 17.9 78.5 Hardness Change& -6 -7 -19 -21 -17 +4 +2 -17 -16 +3 -17 -16 -22 -4 -17 +4 +1 -21 +4 Surface CendRfen Y. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Y. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Si. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanacd Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky St. Tacky

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

331

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS
CHEMICAL

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

RESISTANCE

OF NITRILE RUBBER COMPOUND
72 Hours immersion at 212OF

Vdume Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil Benzaldehyde Dioctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Mathvl Ethvl Ketone Pe~rchloroe~hylenc Potassium Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Tolwne Tide (1%) chrne% +250.9 -1.17 +11.3 +229.5 +54.1 +7.16 +22.3 -t-33.5 +29.1 +9.71 +11.8 +0.41 +108.8 +51.4 -5.87 +154.2 +1.09 +1.22 +124.8 $7.54

Tensite strength Retained K 17.8 118.6 104.4 20.6 60.1 117.4 52.6 53.0 62.9 66.4 92.1 108.3 25.7 43.5 83.0 24.5 109.9 101.2 10.7 106.3

Elongation Ratainad K 21.7 79.4 83.0 19.9 55.2 97.5 49.8 51.6 62.9 57.8 75.8 85.6 24.2 48.0 57.8 33.6 84.8 86.6 17.0 86.6

Hardness Change Pts. -34 -1 -7 -28 -19 -5 -10 -14 -16 -9 -4 -2 -24 -22 +1 -34 -3 -5 -31 -5

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged V. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

One Month Immersion at 75’ * S°F Vduma Ckarw% Amllne A S.T.M No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil Eenzaldehyde Dioctyl Phthalate Drstilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoboe (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Tolwne Tide (1%) +204.2 +2.69 +4.30 +198.2 +15.7 +2.51 +11.0 +21.8 +35.9 +11.0 +1.44 +5.52 +128.2 +43.2 +1.68 +X34.2 +0.71 +1.11 +112.4 +2.54 Tarstic Sbwgth Ratainad % 24.5 104.0 105.1 26.1 79.8 109.5 86.2 53.8 80.2 85.4 102.8 105.5 26.1 60.5 110.3 37.9 111.5 111.1 29.3 101.2 mree Months TdkStmr@h WnadW 29.6 110.7 109.1 M.6 71.2 110.7 80.8 52.6 75.5 80.6 Elongation Retaii W 20.6 93.9 97.5 22.7 74.7 103.6 82.0 55.2 78.3 83.0 97.5 100.0 24.2 60.3 109.4 35.0 101.1 100.0 28.9 93.9 Hardness Change Fts. -23 -4 -7 -23 -10 -4 -11 -15 -13 -9 -3 -3 -23 -18 -7 -24 -2 -2 -23 -3 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky V. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky St. Tacky

lmmarskrn at 75O 2 5*F RoRgatim lkwnad% 21.7 97.5 97.5 19.1 63.9 101.1 78.3 54.2 75.8 78.3 Rardness Change Pts. -22 -3 -3 -23 -18 -3 -10 -16 -13 -8 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky St. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged

G Anihne ASTM No. 1 Oil A.S.T.M. No. 3 Oil Benzaldehyde Dmctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasolme (RON 99) Hexane +211.8 -1.24 +4.54 +202.8 +37.4 +3.88 +10.6 +19.4 +18.6 +9.36

(continued)

332

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Months Immersion at 75O % 5OF Vdume -_-___~.-Hydrochloric Acld (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanaanate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) Ch=w% +1.92 +1.02 + 126.0 +55.8 +1.56 +150.9 +0.48 +1.73 +119.5 +3.55 Tensile strength Retained w 99.6 111.1 24.9 53.8 98.8 36.4 114.2 96.8 28.9 1028 Elongation Hardness Retained SC ChangePts. 91.3 102.2 28.7 54.2 98.6 32.5 108.3 86.6 30.7 96.4 -4 +1 -22 -17 -4 -23 0 -4 A23 -4 SlllfaCe Condiion Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged 5l. Tacky

Six Months immersion at 75* 2 5’F volume change % An,t,fle A S 1 M No 1 011 A S T M No 3 011 Benzaldehyde Dmctyl Phthalate Dlstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Casolbne (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Actd (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodwm Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +220.0 -0.21 -f-6.87 +191.0 +56.3 +5.44 +10.0 +34.5 +22.3 +9.20 +2.88 -0.71 +154.6 +43.6 +2.63 +142.6 +1.90 +1.60 +127.4 +5.79 Tensile Strength Reteined W 21.0 111.9 116.6 19.8 64.0 105.9 84.2 49.8 77.1 79.1 104.0 115.9 24.9 46.3 98.0 35.6 107.9 94.9 27.7 104.7 Elongation Retained % 19.1 95.0 74.7 20.6 55.2 93.9 77.6 49.5 75.8 72.2 93.9 101.1 25.3 49.5 98.6 35.0 90.3 79.4 27.8 93.9 Hardness Change Pts. -25 -1 -4 -24 -18 -4 -10 -15 -Xi -6 -3 +1 -24 -18 -6 -24 -3 -4 -23 -4 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky Sl. Tacky

12 Months Immersion at 75O 2 5OF volume Change SC
Afl,ltIW

Tensile Strength Retained % 17.4 105.9 94.1 20.6 64.8 108.3 81.8 55.3 72.7 85.8 106.3 107.1 24.9 57.7 97.2 33.6 111.1 89.7 24.5 102.0

Elongation Retained K 22.7 87.7 79.4 24.2 57.8 92.8 75.8 55.2 72.2 76.9 86.6 92.8 25.3 55.2 89.2 35.0 97.5 73.3 28.9 89.2

Hardness Change Pts. -28 0 -5 -23 -18 -3 -9 -16 -14 -7 -3 -2 -24 -18 -6 -24 -1 -4 -24 -5

5urlace Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SJ. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Y. Tacky Unchanned Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky

ASTM No 1011 AS TM No 3011 Benraldehyde Dtoclyl Phthalate DMllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate (25%) Skydrol SO0 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%)

+230.1 -0.70 +9.00 +216.3 +53.0 +6.92 +14.2 +38.0 +27.6 +26.9 +3.25 +12.3 +151.6 +59.6 + 1.92 + 147.7 +0.71 +7.04 +110.2 +8.02

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

333

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS
CHEMICAL

AND RUBBERS-EXXON
OF POLYCHLOROPRENE

CHEMICALS
COMPOUND

(continued)

RESISTANCE

72 Hours Immersion at 212OF Vduma CharIRe K
Andme

Tensile Strength Retained SC 22.9 100.0 46.1 25.0 39.1 97.2 85.6 44.7 41.2 78.5 93.3 95.4 32.4 22.9 89.1 17.3 95.8 101.4 15.9 91.6

Elongation Retained X 58.3 88.3 67.3 40.4 61.4 85.2 79.4 53.8 58.3 80.7 76.2 89.7 52.5 42.6 71.8 57.0 76.2 89.7 37.2 74.9

Hardness Change PM. -45 -4 -24 -35 -34 -4 -4 -20 -28 -15 -8 -15 -28 -38 +2 -45 +5 +1 -44 -9

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged V. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

A.S.T.M. No. I 011 AS T.M. No. 3 011 8enzaldehyde Diuctyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON 99) Hcxane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanaanate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodaurn Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%)

+ 143.3 +5.74 +61.7 +61.3 +116.6 +9.34 +2.92 +49.5 +69.6 +24.5 +15.1 +20.0 +72.3 i242.9 +3.07 +151.0 +1.20 iO.24 +2D9.1 +11.6

One Month Immersion at 75O 2 5“F Vduma challm K Amllne A.S.T M No. 1011 A S T M No. 3 011 Benzaldehyde Dmctyl Phthalate
Dlstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasolme (RON 99) Herane Hydrochlonc Acld (10%)

Tensile Strength Retainad W 63.0 110.9 91.9 30.6 56.7 112.7 97.5 41.2 57.8 86.3 107.8 104.2 32.4 31.0 108.8 30.7 112.7 104.6 29.9 109.2

Elongation Retained % 76.2 100.0 85.2 40.4 58.3 106.3 91.0 52.5 62.8 80.7 95.5 98.7 52.5 37.2 97.3 53.8 97.3 94.2 35.9 100.0

Hardness Changa Pts. -28 0 -13 -25 -24 0 -4 -20 -17 -13 +1 -8 -30 -23 -1 -31 0 0 -24 $1

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanned Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanaed Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged V. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sf. Tacky Unchanged

+67.3 +0.57 +19.5 +132.0 +77.1 +3.67 +3.26 +49.8 +45.8 +19.4 +2.65 +7.08 +70.6 +132.6 +4.16 +115.6 +2.3G +1.41 +141.5 +3.78

Lard Methyl Elhyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanaanate (25%) Shydrol 500 Sodium Chlonde (25%) Sodium Hydrorlde (10%) Toluene Tide (1%)

Three Months Immersion at 75O 2 5OF Vdume m% Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil A.S TM. No. 3 Oil Benzaldehyde Dtoctvl Phthalate Dlstdled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON 99) Hexane +67.8 +o.S4 +37.5 +146.2 +108.7 +6.35 +2.44 +54.8 +48.9 +21.1

Taleik stremglh
Rat&ad 50.0 108.1 87.0 24.7 46.1 114.4 94.0 46.8 60.9 70.1 %

Elmlgation
Retained% 70.4 98.7 80.7 35.9 49.3 94.2 86.6 60.5 68.6 77.6

Hardness Change PM. -27 +1 -15 -29 -25 0 -4 -23 -19 -12

Surface Condition Sf. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Sf. Tacky Unchanned Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanaed “~ Unchanged

(continued)

334

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON CHEMICALS (continued)

TABLE 2.12:

Three Months Immersion at 75O 5 S°F Volume Change K Hydrochlortc Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylcne Potasswm Permanaanate (25%) Skydrol 5DO Sodwm Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxtde (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +4.09 +14.4 +85.5 +132.5 +7.22 +X30.6 +2.53 +3.17 +166.5 +5.99 Tensile strength Retained % 108.8 110.9 29.5 32.8 112.0 32.0 116.2 103.5 28.9 107.0 Elongation Retained W 95.5 103.1 51.6 37.2 95.5 53.8 97.3 92.8 35.9 94.2 Hardness Change Pts. +1 -10 -30 -24 0 -35 +1 -5 -25 0 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Six Months Immersion at 75* 2 5OF VdUtlW Change K AnlIme A S.T.M No. 1 011 A.S.T M No 3 011 Etenzaldehyde D~octyl Phthalate Dlstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasolme (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochlcr!c Actid(10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potasswm Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodwm Chlorlde (25%) Sodwm Hydrorlde (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) +62.7 +1.20 +44.2 +156.4 +114.4 +10.5 +2.48 +51.9 +50.7 +20.3 +5.77 +15.5 +92.8 + 142.9 i9.72 +142.3 +3.02 +3.87 +204.2 +9.42 Tensile Sb-ength Retained W 51.4 112.3 91.9 20.1 48.6 94.7 90.1 38.4 50.7 75.7 102.1 107.4 23.2 26.8 106.7 25.0 112.3 95.8 23.2 91.2 Elongation Retained % 77.6 101.8 83.0 39.0 50.7 80.7 69.7 57.0 64.1 73.1 85.2 94.2 49.3 31.4 83.9 53.8 94.2 86.6 31.4 77.6 Hardness Change Pts. -29 +1 -20 -35 -26 -4 -5 -25 -20 -12 -1 -14 -34 -29 -2 -40 +2 0 -28 -3 Surface Condition SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

12 Months Immersion at 75O 2 5OF Vduma Change K Aniline A.S.T ht. No. 1 011 A.S T M. No. 3 011 Benzaldehyde D~octvl Phthalate Dtstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasolme (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potassium Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chlonde (25%) Sodaurn Hydrorlde (10%) Toluene T#de (1%) +65.9 +1.10 +43.8 +190.0 +125.5 +ia7 +6.05 +56.8 +54.6 +20.8 +9.13 +17.5 +94.4 +147.5 + 13.0 +156.7 +1.81 +3.99 +171.5 +12.3 Tensile strength Retained % 28.2 96.9 70.5 7.4 38.7 79.6 89.8 34.5 47.9 65.1 95.8 94.0 21.5 25.0 90.5 la7 104.6 816 20.4 84.2 Elongation Rabined% 67.3 94.2 79.4 35.9 49.3 70.4 86.6 59.6 67.3 70.4 73.1 95.5 55.2 37.2 70.4 57.0 83.9 73.1 35.9 64.1 HarW Chanp -38 0 -19 -51 -29 -8 -4 -29 -23 -13 0 -14 -38 -31 -4 -43 -7 +1 -34 0 sulfaa Condition SI Tacky Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Unchanged

Pts.

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

335

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS
RESISTANCE

AND RUBBERS-EXXON
OF CHLOROSULFONATED

CHEMICALS
POLYETHYLENE

(continued)
COMPOUND

CHEMICAL

72 Hours Immersion
VdUmC

at 212-F
Hardness Change Pts. -54 +4 -21 -30 -29 -4 -6 -17 -30 -14 -1 -11 -24 -30 -5 -32 -1 0 -37 -5 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

change K Aniline A.S.T.M. No. 1 011 A.S.T.M. No. 3 011 Benraldehyde Duxtyl Phthalate Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Basoltne (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Penhloroethylene Potassium Pennanganate (25%) Skydrol5DO Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluene Tide (1%) + 147.4 +6.59 +66.9 +40.4 + 125.3 +9.43 +4.80 +44.9 +104.7 +24.7 +4.25 +20.3 +61.2 +150.2 +7.74 +108.7 +1.14 +1.07 +171.1 +8.65

Tensile Strength Retainad K 86.4 73.3 49.6 20.1 28.4 97.2 81.1 34.5 25.4 49.3 103.9 76.3 27.3 22.3 100.8 23.1 99.7 96.1 17.8 85.0

Elo”gatio” Retained K 73.9 35.3 114.5 29.0 49.8 80.7 82.1 48.3 53.1 62.8 88.4 77.3 40.1 37.2 80.7 44.9 83.6 78.7 36.2 73.9

One kkmth Immersion at 75“ 5 5OF Vdume Ctwv% AmIme A S 1 M. No 1 011 A S T.M No 3 011 Benraldehyde D~octyl Phthalate DMllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether GasdIne (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroethylene Potasswm Pennanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodwm Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Tolucne Tide (1%) +63.1 +0.59 +B.O2 +117.4 +40.3 +1.17 +2.51 +43.0 +48.4 +22.1 +1.80 +5.04 +70.0 +112.7 +2.50 +88.0 -0.23 +0.58 +128.8 +1.98 Tensile strength Retained 54 47.6 104.7 82.5 28.4 56.6 104.5 97.5 28.7 37.8 57.7 109.8 81.9 32.3 27.6 109.8 40.4 109.2 109.5 25.6 108.1 Three Months Vdunm ChrnOls% AmIme A.S.T.M. No. 1011 A.ST.M No 3011 Benzaldehyde Dmctvl Phthalate Olstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoirne (RON 99)
Herane

Elongation Retained % 67.6 101.5 82.1 33.8 61.4 x30.0 98.1 46.9 51.7 67.6 102.9 85.5 43.5 37.2 101.5 44.9 98.1 114.5 33.8 100.0
knmerrion

Hardness Change Pk. -18 0 -3 -16 -21 +1 -4 -18 -20 -11 +3 -2 -16 -6 0 -19 +1 +2 -18 +2

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky SI. Tacky Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

at 75’

2

!T°F Surface Condiin sl. T8cky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanned Unchanged Unchanged V. Tacky Tackv Unchanged

T-=-m
RM8MW 38.7 108.6 74.9 25.4 43.7 109.6 94.4 35.1 37.9 47.6

&nation
Rabined% 61.4 96.7 75.7 33.8 42.0 88.4 90.3 51.7 53.1 59.4

Hardms Chanm Pk. -20 +2 -9 -19 -16 +2 -2 -16 -19 -11

+64.1 +0.34 +1a.2 +115.2 +115.5 +2.45 +5.50 +45.6 +51.7 +23.6

(continued)

336

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Months Immersion at 75“ * 5OF volume Change W Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Parchloroathvtene Potassium Pennanganatc (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Toluenc Tide (1%) +2.36 +7.56 +68.4 +125.5 +4.17 +87.8 l Fo.23 l Fo.93 i-135.4 +3.95 Tenrite Strength Retained < 108.6 96.1 28.1 281 115.9 42.1 116.4 99.7 23.7 107.8 Elongation Retried % 98.1 90.3 40.1 33.8 98.1 44.9 99.0 90.3 32.4 96.7 Hardness Change Pts. +2 -4 -16 -18 +4 -17 +5 0 -18 +1
Surfs

Condiiien Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SJ. Tacky

Six Months Immersion at 75O 2 5OF volume Chenge W Anlllnt A ST M No. I 011 A S 1 M No 3 011 Benraldehyde D~octyl Phthalatc
Dtst~llcd Water

Tensik Strengtft Retained W 35.1 109.8 77.7 28.4 41.0 113.9 98.6 33.7 35.1 60.2 108.1 86.6 29.5 25.1 111.4 40.1 113.9 107.0 26.7 104.2

Elongation Retained K 62.8 93.2 82.1 37.2 42.0 91.8 91.8 51.7 58.0 62.8 95.2 84.5 42.0 30.4 90.3 48.3 95.2 90.3 33.8 88.4

Hardness Change Pts. -22 +2 -10 -20 -17 0 -3 -18 -20 -11 +2 -7 -17 -19 +1 -19 +3 +2 -18 +2

surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Tacky Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky

+62.0 +0.44 +3G.3 +103.8 + 122.8 +5.13 +6.54 -t-46.0 +51.1 +23.6 +3.27 +16.4 +68.4 +1G9.0 +6.80 + 102.2 +0.46 +1.28 +143.6 +5.16

Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasoline (RON 99) Hexanc Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Perchloroathylene Potasswm Permanganate (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodium Chloride (25%) So&urn Hydroxide (1.0%) Toluana Tide (1%)

12 Months Immersion at 75O -C 5OF Volume Change K
AflhW

Tensite Strength Retained K 26.2 108.6 72.4 24.5 39.8 116.2 101.7 33.9 32.3 54.6 114.2 75.2 28.1 24.5 114.2 32.9 115.9 110.3 24.5 112.3

Elongation Rtiained K 64.3 95.2 75.9 37.2 43.5 87.0 91.8 58.0 51.7 66.2 90.3 78.7 42.0 37.2 87.0 48.3 93.2 90.3 35.3 82.1

Hardness Change Pts. -29 +2 -12 -21 -20 0 -11 -19 -19 -11 +4 -10 -20 -20 +1 -19 +4 -l-4 -2G 0

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Si. Tacky Tacky Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchangad Unchanged Unchanged St. Brittle Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged St. Tacky Unchanged

A S 1 M No. 1 011 ASTM No 3011 Benraldehydc Dwtvl Phthalatc Dlstdled Water Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Gasolme (RON 99) Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Lard Methyl Ethyl Ketone Parchloroathylcne Potaswm Permanganata (25%) Skydrol 500 Sodwm Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxtde (10%) Tolucne Tide (1%)

+71.8 +0.59 +40.3 +119.8 +110.5 +6.86 +5.53 +47.8 +51.8 +25.0 +16.1 +24.9 +86.0 +105.7 +8.83 +88.6 +1.03 +X52 +188.0 +9.11

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

337

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF V&TALON

6505 COMPOUND

72 Hours Volume Change X A.S.T.t.4 A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. No. 1011 No. 3 011 Fuel B + 129.3 + 222.4 + 171.9 +0.5 -4.6 Tensile Strength Retained % 30.8 20.9

Immersion

at 2 12’F Hardness Change Pts. -37 -44 Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Elongation Retained % 45.9 29.5

14.1
93.2 87.5

21.3
77.0 82.0

-11
+l +3

Dtistllled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane
Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive Oil Skydrol 500

+69.0
+ 10.4 + 10.7 +41.6 +5.5

18.6
66.9 62.7 55.1 98.1

24.6
57.4 70.5 65.6 88.5

+2
-2 -9 -27 -9

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (lD%) Trde (1%)

+2.8 -0.4 +0.6

88.6 93.9 89.7

75.4 75.7 75.4

+l 0 -1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

One Month Volume Change % ASTM No Tensile Stmngth Retained % 40.3 25.5 19.0

immersion

at 79” 2 5°F Hardness Change Pts. -18 -29 -27 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Elongation Retained % 49.2 24.6 23.0

1011

+42.8

A S 1 M No 3 Oti ASTM Fuel B

+ 162.3
+ 168.7 + 1.25 +1.9

Drstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol

111.0
98.9

96.7
95.1

-2
-5

Hexane Hydrochlonc Acid (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive 011 Skydrol 5DO

+159.9
+1.2 +3.1 + 14.6 -1.8

20.2 107.2 82.9 81.0 103.0

23.0 101.6 90.2 85.3 101.6

-26 -2 -10 -9 -4

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Sodrum Chlonde (25%)

+0.6

97.3

loo.0

-2

White Res.

Sodwm Hydroxtde (10%) Tide (1%)

+O.l +0.7

95.8 92.0

95.1 95.1

-3 0

Unchanged Unchanged

338

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND

RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Months Immersion at 75” 2 5°F Volume Change K ASTM No 1011 t83.7 t 175.0 7183.3 -0.9 +i.2 Tensile Strength Retained % 36.1 24.3 17.9 98.1 88.9 Elosgation Retained % 42.6 26.2 16.4 96.7 93.4 Hardness Change Pts. -26 -27 -30 0 -4 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Uuchange?d Unchanged Unchanged

A S T M. No. 3 011 A S T M. Fuel El Drstrlled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Actd (10%)

+ 152.6 t1.7 +2.7 +25.4 -2.2

20.5 108.4 77.6 76.8 104.2

22.9 95.1 83.6 85.2 96.8

-29 cl -16 -2 7

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olrve 011 Skydrol 500

Sodwm Chlonde (25”.) Sodrum Hydroxide (10”~) Tide

0 -0.2 +0.2

91.2 98.5 85.2

88.5 96.7 90.2

-0 +l 0

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

( 1%)

Six Months Immersion at 75” + 5°F Volume Change %
A

Tensile Strength Retained K 36.1 27.8 18.6 98.5 82.1

Elongation Retained % 42.0 27.9 18.0 98.4 88.5

Hardness Change Pts. -27 -31 -31 +I -2

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

S TM

No

I

Oil

+115.3 t 198.9 +211.0 -0.5 +1.25

AS TM

No

3011

A S 1 M Fuel 8 Dlstrlled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Acrd (100.)

+192.1 +0.6 t2.8 +29.0 -2.6

19.4 98.9 82.5 73.8 100.0

23.0 95.1 86.9 83.6 95.1

-28 +l -5 -15 -2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive Oil Skydrol 500

Sodium.Chlonde

(25%)

-0.2 0 +0.4

94.3 98.5 92.8

91.8 93.4 93.4

+2 +l 0

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Sodrum Hydroxrde Trde (1%)

I ~WC.)

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF 30 VISTALON

6505170

BUTYL

RUBBER

BLEND

COMPOUND

72 Hours Immersion at 212’f Volume Change X A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. No. 1 Oil No. 3 011 Fuel 8 + 68.2 + 136.9 + 133.7 +2.2 -2.0 Tensile Strength Retained X 57.6 36.6 30.2 98.8 91.9 Elongation Retained % 57.1 35.7 35.7 92.9 78.6 Hardness Change Pts. -25 -28 -27 0 +l Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged (continued)

Dishtled Water Etnyl Akohol

Rubbers

and Elastomers

339

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

72 Hours Volume Change % Hexane Hydrochlonc Acid (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olwe 011 Skydrol 500 +51.9 +7.1 +12.8 +28.1 +a.5 Tensile Strength Retained % 35.5 88.4 68.0 71.5 84.3

Immersion 212°F at
Elongation Retained % 35.7 75.0 71.4 78.6 85.7 Hardness Change Pts. -5 0 - 12 -20 -12 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Sodium Chlonde (25%) Sodwm Hydroxide (10%) Tide (1%)

+0.8 -0.1

100.6 95.9

85.7 85.7 82.1

+l -1 -2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

+0.9

92.4

One Month Immersion Volume Change % A S 1 h4 No AS TM 1 011 +15.1 +67.9 +117.2 +2.5 +2.5 Tensile Strength Retained % 73.8 49.4 34.9 98.3 94.2

at 75”

z S”F Hardness Change Pts. -8 -16 -19 -1 -2 Surface Condition Unchanged Unahanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Elongation Retained % 71.4 50.0 32.1 92.9 92.9

No 3011

A.S 1 M Fuel 8 DIstilled Water Etnyl Alcohol

Herane Hydrochloric Aild (10%)

+ 104.6 +0.2 +5.7 +5.3 +0.4

33.1 101.7 74.4 93.6 94.8

32.1 96.4 78.6 92.9 ?07.1

-18 0 -8 -5 -2

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olwe 011 Skydrol 500

Sodurn Chloride (25:0) Sodium Hydrorlde Tide (1OQ

+O.l +0.2 +0.2

95.3 102.3 100.5

96.4 100.0 100.0

-1 -2 0

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

I looI

Three Months Immersion at 75” II s”F Volume Change % A.S.7.M A.S.1.M
No.

Tensile Strength Retained %

Elongation Retained % 64.3 42.9 32.1 96.4 89.3

Hardness Change Pts. -12 -17 -21 +l -2

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

1 011

+29.0
+ 108.6 + 132.3 -0.4 -1.8

66.9
45.4 34.3 100.0 91.9

No. 3 011

A S.T.M. fuel 8 DistIlled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Herane Hydrochlortc Acld (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olwe 011 Skydrol 5DO

+117.3 +0.5 +6.5 + 10.6 io.4

37.8 95.9 75.0 85.5 97.7

35.7 96.4 82.1 89.3 96.4

-18 +l -7 -8 -3

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Sodwm Chloride (25%) Sodurn Hydroxide (10%) Tide (lo.1

-0.11
0 +0.3

97.1
92.4 94.8

78.6 89.3
85.7

0 +l
0

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(continued)

340

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Sir Months Immersion Volume Change % A.S T.M. No. 1011 A S T.M. No. 3 011 A.S.1.M Dlstllled Fuel 8 Water +45.2 + 118.0 Tensile Strength Retained % 59.9 45.3

at 75”

z S’F Hardness Change Pts. -17 -20 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Whrte Res. Unchanged

Elongation Retained % 60.7 39.3

+151.1
-0.1 +1.7

33.7
97.7 89.0

28.6
100.0 85.7

-19
+l 0

Etnyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Methyl Acid CIOO~l

+159.0 +0.5 +5.9 +15.8 +o. 1

37.8 98.9 79.7 87.2 94.2

32.1 92.9 82.1 92.9 92.9

-18 -8 -7 -9 -3

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Elhyl Ketone

Olwe 011 Skydrol 500

Sodwm

Chlonde

(2!X.) (I@41

-0.3 0 +0.3

98.8 93.0 97.7

92.9 89.3 96.4

+3 +2 +l

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Sodaurn Hydroxide Tide

(1%)
RESISTANCE

CHEMICAL

OF 30 VISTALON

6505170 VISTALON

2504 BLEND COMPOUND
at 2 12°F HarrJness Change Pts. -27 -32 -12 -1 0 Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

72 Hours Immersion Volume Change % A.S.T.M. No. 1011 c94.7 + 141.0 + 138.0 -13.0 -2.7 Tensile Strength Retained % 59.6 37.3 32.4 105.9 94.5

Elongation Retained % 63.0 40.7 33.3 92.6 85.2

A.S.T M. No. 3 011 A.S.T M Fuel 8 bstllled Water

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochloric Methyl Acid (10%)

+49.8 +12.2

40.5
89.3

37.0
74.1

-2
-4

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

+11.9
+34.9 +8.4

73.0
68.6 91.9

77.8
74.1 96.3

-10
-22 -10

Okve 011 Skydrol 500

Sodium Chlonde Sodium Hydroxide Tide (1%)

(25%) (10%)

+1.7 +0.3 co.2

106.5 105.4 98.8 One Month

88.9 107.4 88.9

0 +l -2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

immersion

at 75” 2 5°F Hardness Change Pts. Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Volume Change % A S 1 M No AS TM No I 011 3011

Tensile Strength Retained %

Elongation Retained %

+42.3 +114.0
+126.5

68.1 47.0
30.8

66.7 40.7
29.6

-15 -21
-21

A S T M Fuel I3 Dlstllled Water

+l.l
+1.9

105.9
101.6

107.4
96.3

-1
-4

Ethyl Alcohol

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

341

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

One Month Volume Change % Hexane Hydrochior,c Methyl Acjd (IO”,) +115.7 +0.5 +5.6 + 14.9 +0.6 Tensile Strength Retained % 37.8 107.0 89.1 85.4 101.6

Immersion

at 75’

2 5°F Hardness Change pts. -18 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Elongation Retained % 29.6

111.1
100.0 96.3 103.7

-3
-8 -9 -4

Ethyl Ketone

Olive 011 Skydrol 500

Sodturn Chloride Sodaurn Hydroxtde Tide Cl”,)

(250,)

+0.3 +0.2 +0.4

104.3 104.3

107.4 100.0

-2 -2

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

(10”.)

101.1
Three Months

100.0
Immersion Elongation Retained % 62.9 40.7 25.9 103.7 92.6

-1
at 75” 2 5°F Hardness Channe Pts. -19 - 19 -22 0 -2

Volume Change %
A !, 1 M No I

Tensile Strength Retained % 64.2 47.0 33.5 106.5 97.3

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

011

+69.5
+ 123.9 +135.6 +o. 1 +1.2

A S I M No 3 011 A S 1 M Fuel B Dlst!lled Waler

Ethyl Alcohol

Herane Hydrochloric Methyl Acid

t 121.9

42.2
102.7 88.7 82.7 101.6

33.3
96.3 85.2 92.6 100.0

-20
0 -7 -13 -3

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

I lo”.)
t23.9 -0.6

0
+7.0

Ethyl Ketone

Olive 011 Skydrol 500

Sodbum Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide Tide (loo)

+O.l +O.? +0.08

98.4 98.9 103.8 Six Months immersion

81.5 92.6 100.0 at 75” + 5°F

0 0 -1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(lO”.l

Volume Change % A !z, T M No I 011 t 100.6 t 122.1 +156.8 +0.4 +2.4

Tensile Strength Retained %

Elongation Retained %

Hardness Change Pts.

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged White Res.

58.9 46.5
34.6 103.8 101.6

55.6 37.0
29.6 103.7 100.0

-20 -23
-22 0 0

A S 1 M No 3 011 A S T M Fuel B Dwllled Waler

White Res. Unchanged

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Methyl Acid (lo”,)

+157.3 +0.5 +5.6 t26.2 500 -0.2

42.2 99.5 88.1 86.5 102.2

37.0 85.2 85.2 81.5 100.0

-20 0 -8 -13 -3

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Ethyl Ketone

Olive DII Skydrol

Sodlum Chlonde (25% Sodwm Hydroxide

-0.3 +0.3

104.3 105.4 103.2

100.0 100.0 96.3

+l 0 0

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged (continued)

(:O%)

Tide (1%)

+0.9

342

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS
RESISTANCE

TABLE 2.12:

AND

RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

OF 30 VISTALON

6505170

NATURAL

RUBBER BLEND COMPOUND
at 212’F Hardness Change Pts. -37 -45 -38 0 +l Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

72 Hours lmmersron Volume Change % A.S.1 M No 1011 + 121.5 b232.4 + 155.9 +3.5 - 1.2 Tensile Strength Retained % 42.3 12.6 18.1 101.5 104.8

Elongation Retained % 54.0 25.8 22.6 93.5 96.8

A.S T M. No. 3 011 A S.T.M. Fuel 8 D,stllled Water

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Methyl Acid (lo”.)

+39.5 + 16.4 +37.8 + 76.6 +35.7

31.8 74.1 59.4 48.8 55.4

38.7 67.7 67.7 61.3 90.3

-4 -4 +3 -31 -28

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

Olrve 011 Skydrol 500

Sodium Chloride Sodwm Tide Hydroxide

(25%) (10%)

+0.2 co.9 +3.1

107.6 98.8 109.2

93.5 90.3 97.8

+l -1 -2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(1%)

One Month Immersion at 75” = 5°F Volume Change % A.S T M No. 1011 A.S.T M No. 3 011 A S.T.M. Dlstrlled Fuel B Water +37.2 + 141.8 +178.9 +1.7 +3.1 Tensile Strength Retainrd % 61.5 41.2 18.1 111.4 105.9 Elongation Retained % 64.5 41.9 16.1 100.0 103.2 Hardness Change Rts. -7 -25 -2 -1 -6 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlorrc Methyl Acid (10%)

+ 131.4 +l.l +34.0 +45.4 + 13.9

32.4 110.3 47.2 65.9 77.9

38.7 106.5 58.1 64.5 83.9

-24 -1 -17 -14 -4

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

Olwe 011 Skydrol 500

Sodwm Sodlum

Chloride Hydroxide

(25%) (10%)

+O.l 0 +0.9

105.9 116.9 107.0

106.5 112.9 103.2

+2 -2 0

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

Trde (1%)

Three Months Volume Charwe % A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. No. 1011 No. 3 Ori Fuel 6 +64.3 +157.1 + 193.5 +I.5 +2.4 Tensile Strength Retained % 60.4 39.0 23.1 114.7 84.5

Immersion at 75” z 5°F Elongation Retained % 61.3 38.7 29.0 106.5 96.8 Hardness Change Pts. -20 -25 -32 0 -4 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Drstrlled Water Ethyl Alcohol

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued

Three Months Immersion at 75’ 2 5’F Volume Change % Tensile Strength Retained % 31.3 100.4 52.7 53.2 65.9 104.3 104.8 104.8 Elongation Retained % 35.5 96.8 74.2 54.8 77.4 80.7 93.6 100.0 Hardness Change Pts. --20 +l -21 -23 -13 +l 0 0 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Hexane
Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive 011 Shydrol 500 Sodwm Chlorrde (25~~~) Sodrum Hydroxide Tide

t141.3 +1.4 +35.1 +63.4 +16.5 -0.1 +0.5 +1.7

( 10°o)

1loa)

Six Months Immersion at 75” + 5°F Volume Change % ASTM AS TM AS TM No 1011 No 3011 Fuel 8 +79.0 + 161.8 -258.2 +1.9 +2.4 Tensile Strength Retained X 57.6 41.2 19.2 107.0 58.7 24.1 103.2 24.7 65.9 39.5 101.0 98.2 110.3 Elongation Retained % 58.1 41.9 29.0 100 0 74.2 29.0 96.8 54.8 61.3 64.5 90.3 87.1 100.0 Hardness Change Pk. -25 -29 -33 Al -3 -29 +l -25 -23 -17 +2 42 +l Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Dtstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Hexane Hydrochlonc Acrd (10%)

+ 189.9 +1.8 +41.1 +72.7 +21.8 -0.3 +0.7 +2.2

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Ohve 011 Skydrol 500 Sodrum Chlonde (25%) Sodrum Hydroxrde (10%) Trde (1%)

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE OF 30 VISTALON 6505170 SBR BLEND COMPOUND
72 Hours Immersion at 212’F Volume Channe % Tensile Strength Retained % 74.9 50.7 16.8 97.7 87.5 Elongation Retained % 66.7 42.9 28.6 95.2 81.0 Hardness Change Pts. -17 -22 -23 -1 -1 Surface Condition SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M.

No. 1 011 No. 3 011 Fuel B

+ 41.8 + 107.0 +115.1 +5.3 -2.1

Drstilled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Metnyl Ethyl Ketone Olrve 011 Skydrol 500

+ 28.8 + 12.8 +30.6 +39.4 +37.7

39.6 94.9 55.4 67.0 64.7

42.9 76.2 57.1 61.9 66.7

-2 -2 +4 -18 -19

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Sodrum Chlonde (25%) Sodrum Hydroxtde (10%) Trde (1%)

+2.7 +0.6 +5.3

102.4 104.2 101.9

85.7 85.7 85.7

0 0 -1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged (continued)

344

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

One Month Vdume Change X AS 1 M No 1011 +13.1 +84.9 + 105.8 +2.86 +2.8 Tensile Strength Retained K 91.2 53.1 34.4 105.6 94.9

Immersion

at 75” z 5°F Hardness Change Pts. -7 -17 -17 -2 -3 surtrcc Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchkged Unchanged Unchanged

Elongation Retained % 90.5 47.6 38.1 95.2 90.1

A S 1 M No 3 011 ASTM Dlstllled Ethyl Fuel 8 Water

Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochloric Methyl Acld (10%)

+75.7 +1.8 +31.9 +22.5 +21.9

40.9 106.6 53.5 81.9 77.7

33.3 109.5 57.1 76.2 76.2

-16 -2 -12 -8 -8

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

Olwe 011 Skydrol 500

Sodun Sodium

Chloride Hydroxide

(25%)

+0.5 +1.2 +1.3

103.7 106.9 93.0

100.0 109.5 95.2

-2 -2 0

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

L10%)

Tide (1%)

ihrea Volume Change X AS 1 M No 1011 3 011 +23.4 +98.2 + 108.7 +2.6 +3.1

Month

Immersion Elongation Retained X 71.4 47.6 33.3 95.2 100.0

at 75” : S”F Hardness Change Pts. -11 -16 -18 0 -3 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Yellow Res. Unchanged Unchanged

Tensile Strength Retained K 77.7 54.9 36.8 100.1 94.5

A S 1 M No

A.S 1 M Fuel 8 Dlstllled Water

Ethyl Alcohol

Herane Hydrochloric Methyl Acld (10%)

+82.9 ~2.8 +32.7 i24.3 + 19.9

42.8 102.4 61.4 74.5 76.8

38.1 95.2 61.9 76.2 71.4

-16 +l -13 -13 -10

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Ethyl Ketone

Olbve 011 Skydrol 500

Sodbum Chlonde Sodwm Hydroxtde

(25%) (10%)

+0.6 +2.0 +2.5

99.1 98.7 99.6

76.2 95.2 104.8

0 0 0

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Tide (1%)

Six Months Volume Change X A S T M No A S 1 M AS No 1 011 3 011 +31.0 +99.0 +126.1 +3.7 +1.3 Tensile Strength Retainrd X 82.8 64.4 39.1 102.8 90.7

fmmersion

at 75” + 5°F Hardness ChanRr Pts. -13 -18 - 16 +l -1 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Yellow Res. Unchanged Restdue

Elongation Retained K 76.2 47.6 38.1 90.5 85.7

1 M Fuel B Water

Dlstllled

Ethyl Alcohol

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

345

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON
Six Months Volume Change X Tensile Strength Retained X 44.7 85.6

CHEMICALS
Immersion at 75’

(continued)

+ 5’F
HIrdIleSS Sllr(NLe

Elongation Retained X 42.8 61.9 52.4 61.9 71.4

Change Pts. -16 +l -11 -12 - 10

Condition Yellow Res. Unchanged Yellow Res. Unchanged Unchanged

neaane
H,drochlor~c Methyl Ethyl Acid Ketone

+116.3 (lo”,1 +3.7 +31.7 +39.3 + 19.6

57.7
72.1 79.1

Oilde 011 Skydrol 500

Sodium Chloride (250-i Sodium Hydroxide ;lO%) Tide (10.) CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

+0.5 +2.8 +3.3 OF 30 VISTALON

104.7 96.3 105.6 6505170 NITRILE

90.5 85.7 90.5

+l +l +l

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

RUBBER BLEND COMPOUND
at 212°F Hardness Change Pts. -7 -22 -24 -1 -6 Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

72 Hours Immersion Volume Change K A.S T M. No. 1011 A.S T.M No. 3 011 +19.4 +63.5 +84.4 +7.8 +9.3 Tensile Strength Retained X 77.5 62.0 37.1 106.6 83.6

Elongation Retained % 56.3 50.0 40.6 81.3 71.9

A.S T.M. Fuel B Dlstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olwe Oil Skydrol 5OO

+27.8 + 10.7 +60.5 + 10.6 +73.5

53.5 98.6 31.9 80.3 23.9

50.0 65.6 37.5 65.6 34.4

-3 0 -29 -7 -37

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Sl. Tacky SI. Tacky

Sodium Chlonde (25%) Sodlum Hydroxtde (10%) Tide (1%)

+0.9 -0.5 +7.6

93.9 98.1 100.0

71.9 75.0 75.0

+l -1 -2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

One Month Volume change x A S T M. No. 1 011 A S T.M. No. 3 011 A S.T.M. Fuel 8 Dlsttilled Water Ethyl Alcohol +6.0 +28.2 +79.9 +2.1 +6.9 Tonsila Strength Retainrd K 95.3 65.7 42.7 97.6 83.5

Immersion

at 75” d 5°F Hardness Change Pts. -4 -17 -24 -4 -10 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Elongation Retained % 87.5 62.5 40.6 87.5 81.3

Hexane Hydrochlonc Acid (lo”/,) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive 011 Skydrol 500

+45.4 +1.83 +99.9 +1.6 +96.9

49.3 98.6 40.9 103.3 46.9

46.9 87.5 37.5 93.8 43.8

-20 -2 -22 -1 -17

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Sodium Chlonde (25O.I Sodium Hydrorlde Tide

+O.J
+0.8 +l.O

99.5
101.9 93.9

93.5
96.9 87.5

-3 -4 0

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged (continued)

(lo”.)

( 1%)

346

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON CHEMICALS kontinued)

TABLE 2.12:

Three Months

Immersion Elongation Retained X 78.1 59.4 40.6 84.4 78.2

at 75” = 5°F Hardness Change Pts. -4 - 18 -23 0 -8 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

volume
Channe A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. DIstIlled No. 1011 No. 3 011 Fuel B Water +8.9 +50.2 +87.3 +3.2 i5.5 K

Tensile Strength
Retained 86.9 63.4 41.3 92.0 82.6 K

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Methyl Acid (10%)

+48.9 +2.3 + 110.8 +3.5 + 100.7

54.9 96.7 42.2 93.0 41.3

50.0 87.5 43.8 84.4 40.6

-18 +l -25 -2 -23

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Ethyl Ketone

Ohve 011 Skydrol 500

Sodturn Chlonde Sodium Hydroxtde

(25%) (10%)

+0.5 +0.9 c2.2

95.8 94.4 98.6 Six Months

78.1 81.3 87.5 immersion

+l 0 0 at 75” + 5°F Hardness. Change Fts. -5 - 19 -22 +2 -6

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Tide (1%)

Volume Change % A S.T M. No. 1 011 + 16.6 +54.3 + 103.5 +4.2 +4.6

Tensile Strength Retained X 81.7 68.5 43.2 101.9 b9.7

Elongation Retained ‘% 75.0 65.6 34 4 87.5 78.1

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

A S T M. No. 3 011 A.S.T M. Fuel B Distilled Water

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Acid (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive Oil Skydrol 500

+90.4 c2.0 + 124.3 +5.1 + 103.5

53.1 99.1 35.2 100.0 36.6

46.9 84.4 34.4 84.4 37.5

- 18 +2 -23 -2 -24

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Sodium

Chlonde

(25%) (10%)

+0.4 to.8 +3.1

96.2 91.6 96.2

84.4 75.0 81.3

73 +2 +l

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Sodturn Hydroxide Ttde (1%)

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF

50 VISTALON

6505150

NITRILE

RUBBER

BLEND at 2 12°F

COMPOUND

72 Hours Immersion Volume Change % A.S.T M. No. 1011 A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. Dsttlled No. 3 011 Fuel El Water +43.9 + 100.3 +263.3 + 13.2 t5.0 Tensile Strength Retained K 64.0 45.7 34.9 100.5 96.8

Elongation Retained % 53.6 39.3 28.6 71.4 78.6

Hardness Change Pts. -15 -29 -33 tl -4

Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Ethyl Alcohol

(continued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

347

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued9

72 Hours lmmerston at 212°F Volume Change % Hexane Hydrochlorrc Methyl Acrd (10%) +33.3 t11.1 +35.7 +18.7 +76.5 Tensile Strength Retained % 48.9 91.9 52.7 83.3 42.5 Elongation Retained % 42.9 60.7 50.0 64.3 50.0 Hardness Change Pts. -3 -3 -23 -12 -31 Surtace Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

Olrve 011 Skydrol 500

Sodrum Chloride Sodrum Hydroxrde Tide (1%)

(25%) (1046)

+ 1.3 -0.3 +4.4

101.6 101.1 98.5

71.4 75.0 75.0

+2 -1 -3

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

One Month Immersion at 75’ + 5°F Volume Change % AS 1 M No 1011 +16.3 +69.8 +95.4 + 4.8 + 4.3 Tensile Strength Retained $6 87.6 58.1 42.5 103.2 96.2 Elongation Retained % 71.4 50.0 39.3 92.7 89.3 Hardness Change Pts. -10 -23 -26 -4 -10 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged, Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

A 5 1 M No 3 011 A S 1 M Fuel B Drstrlled Water E!hyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Methyl Acrd (10”,)

+64.9 +1.7 +61.7 +5.3 500 +37.9

47.9 104.8 53.7 98.4 65.6

46.4 100.0 50.0 89.3 60.7

-22 -2 -. 20 -5 -15

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

Olrve Oil Skydrol

Sodrum Chlonde

(25?0)

+0.2 +0.2 +1.2

104.8 106.5 101.1

92.6 92.6 89.3

-3 -4 -1 at 75” + 5°F Hardness Change Pts. -15 -23 -27 -1 -8

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

Sodrum Hydroxrde’(lO%) Trde

(loo)

Three Months Immersion Volume Change % ASTM AS TM ASTM No 1011 +29.0 +81.1 +99.7 +0.3 +3.3 Tensile Strength Retained % 79.0 61.3 42.5 104.8 82.3

Elongation Retained % 71.4 50.0 32.1 85.7 82.1

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

No 3011 FuelB

Drstrlled Water E!hyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Methyl Acrd tlO”.)

+74.5 +1.4 +62.9 +9.5 +54.6

48.4 101.1 61.8 94.6 61.8

42.9 82.1 53.6 78.6 53.6

-23 0 -21 -6 -20

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged rlnchanged

Ethyl Ketone

Olrve 011 Skydrol 500

Sodrum Chlorrde Sodrum Hydroxrde Trde (lTO)

(25%) (lo”.)

+0.3 +0.4 +4.3

96.8 99.5 102.2

75.0 89.3 89.3

-1 0 -1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(continued9

348

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON CHEMICALS (continued)

TABLE 2.12:

Six Months Immersion Volume Change ?4 A S T M No I 011 +41.2 +83.9 Tensile Strength Retained % 67.7 61.3

at 75” = 5°F Hardness Change Pts. -15 -24 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Elongation Retained % 60.7 46.4

A S 1 M No 3 011 ASTM Dlstllled FuelB Water

+114.4
+O.9 +2.5

33.9
99.5 85.5

32.1
82.1 78.6

-24
+l -6

Ethyl Alcohol

Herane Hydrochlonc Methyl Aod (10%)

+ 104.6

50.0

42.9 85.7 46.4 71.4 53.6

-21 +2 -19 -6 -21

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

+ 1.9
+63.0 +12.6 +56.6

98.4
53.8 89.8 56.5

Ethyl Ketone

Olive 011 Skydrol 500

Sodium Sodium Tide

Chlonde Hydroxide

(25%) (10%)

+0.4 0 +2.8

96.2 93.0 99.5

85.7 75.0 82.1

+2 +2 +l

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(1%)

CHEMICAL RESISTANCE OF 70 VISTALON 6505130 NITRILE RUBBER BLEND COMPOUND
72 HoursImmersion at 212°F
Volume Change K A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. No. 1 011’ No. 3 Oil Fuel 8 +70.0 + 130.9 +224.0 +2.2 - 12.7 Tensile Strength Retained K 53.9 43.9 33.9 100.6 97.8 Elongation Retained X 51.7 37.9 27.6 75.8 86.2 Hardness Change Pts. -25 -32 -34 +l -8 Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochloric Methyl Acid (loo/.)

+27.4 + 12.6 +32.6 +26.3 500 +38.3

45.0 94.4 67.2 71.1 65.6

34.5 65.5 62.1 65.5 72.4

-2 -1 -1 -16 -25

Unchangqd Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky Sl. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

Olive Oil Skydrol

Sodium Chlonde Sodwn Hydroxide

(25%) (10%)

+0.7 -0.3 +2.4

97.2 98.9 97.2

72.4 79.3 72.4

+2 -1 -1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Tide (1%)

One Month Immersion at 75” + 5°F Volume Cheq. x A S 1 M No Tensile Strength Retained K 80.6 62.7 Elongation Retained K 68.9 44.8 Hardness Change Pb. -13 -23 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

I

011

+26.6 +98.1

A S T M No 3 011 AS TM Fuel 8

+114.9 +1.9
+3.1

42.8 98.9
95.0

34.5 93.1
93.1

-25
-3 -7

Destilled Water Ethyl Alcohol

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

349

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

One Month Immersion Volume

at 75” r 5°F Hardness Change Pts. -22 -2 -17 -7 -12 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

change
HeXan.? Hydtochlorlc
Methyl

x

Tensile Strength Retained c 45.0 104.4 73.3 93.3 71.1

Elongation Retained % 37.9 100.0 75.9 86.2 89.7

+66.6 Acid

f IO”,)

+1.2 +29.9 +7.6 +2l.l

Ethyl Ketone

Olive Ott Skydrol 500

Sodturn Chloride (2Ya) Sodium Hydroxide Ttde (IO”.1

0 +0.3 +0.6

103.3 98.9 96.7

100.0 96.6 93.0

-3 -3 -1

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

(loo)

Three Months Immersion Voluma Tensile Strength

at 75” : 5°F Hardness Change Pts.
18 -23 -26 -1 -6

Change K
AS 1 M No AS 1 M
No

Retained X
67.8 51.1 44.4 98.9 93.9

Elongation Uetained K
55.2 41.4 34.5 89.7 86.2

Surface Condition
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

1011 3011

+49.1 + 106.3 +115.6 +0.3 +1.8

AS 1 M Fuel B Dlstlllcd
Ethyl

Water

Alcohol

tiexatle Hydrochlorw Methyl Acid IlO”.)

+98.6 io.73 +31.1 +16.1 +22.2

47.8 98.3 77.2 86.1 86.1

34.5 86.2 72.4 79.3 75.9

-23 +l -19 -10 -14

Unchanged Unchanged Gray Res. Unchanged Unchanged

Ethyl Ketone

Olwe 011 Skydrol 500

Sodaurn

Chloride

(25O.1

+0.2 +0.3

105.0 94.4

86.2 82.8

+l 0

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Sodium t-lydroxlde lldt’

(lo”,)

11-c)

+l.l

97.2

93.1

0
at 75” ? S’F

Six Months Immersion

Volume Change K
A.S T.M. No A.S.T.M. 1011 + 61.8 + 109.8 +138.1 +0.8 + 1.6

Tensile Strength Retained X
65.6 51.7 35.4 98.9 93.3

Elongation Retained X
55.2 44.8 31.0 93.1 86.2

Hardness Channe Ptr.
-19 -25 -24 +1 -4

Surface Condition
Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

No 3 Oil

A S T M. Fuel 8 Dlstdled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane
Hydrochloric Methyl Acid (lo”.)

+ 137.6 +l.l
+30.3 + 18.9 +23.2 (25”J (1o”0) Ethyl Ketone

52.2

44.8

-22

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

100.0
71.7 88.9 77.2

86.2
69.0 79.3 75.9

+1
-16 -10 -14

Olwe 011 Skydrol SO0

Sodwm Chlonde Sodwm Hydroalde

+0.2 +0.2

100.0 96.1

93.1 82.8

+2 +1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Tide (1%)

+l.l

97.2

86.2

0

(continued)

350

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

CHEMICAL

RESISTANCE

OF

30 VISTALON

65051’70

POLYCHLOROPRENE 72 Hours Immersion

BLEND at 212°F

COMPOUND

Volume Change % A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. Distilled No. 1 Oil No. 3 011 Fuel B Water +25.1 +99.8 +92.3 +10.9 -0.1

Tensile Strength Retained % 86.8 46.2 33.8 96.6 91.9

Elongation Retained % 73.9 65.3 47.8 78.3 87.0

Hardness Change Pts. - 10 -27 -25 -1 +2

Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Etnyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochloric Methyl Acid (lD?/J

+27.9 +7.1 +28.5 +32.0 500 +73.3

53.8 88.4 50.9 71.4 40.6

60.9 75.0 65.2 73.9 65.2

+3 0 -18 -17 -33

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

Olive Oil Skydrol

Sodium Sodium

Chloride Hydroxide

(2596) (10%)

to.2 +2.0 -

100.4 89.3 96.6

73.9 78.3 82.6

+6 -3 -1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Tide (1%)

One Month Vdume Change % A S.T M No. 1011 AST.M AS TM Dlstllled No. 3011 Fuel 8 Water +7.6 ~55.8 +a4.4 +3.5 +8.1 Tensile Strength Retained % 95.7 59.0 38.9 103.0 88.5

Immersion

at 75” + 5°F Hardness Change Pts. -4 -16 -19 -1 -6 Surtace Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Elongation Retained % 91.3 60.8 47.8 95.7 86.9

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochloric Methyl Actd (10%)

+51.9 72.3 t40.0 +9.4 +50.3

51.3 105.9 52.6 92.3 56.8

60.9 108.7 73.9 83.3 69.6

-15 -1 -16 -5 -14

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Ethyl Ketone

Olive 011 Skydrol 500

Sodlum Chloride Sodium Tide Hydroxide

(25”,)

+I.2 +3.1 +0.3

101.3 101.3 105.6

100.0 91.3 100.0

0 -2 0 at 75” z 5°F Hardness Change fb. -6 -17 -22 -1 -6

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

I lo”.1

1lo01

Three Months Immersion Volume Change % A S T M No. 1 011 + 13.8 +72.8 +89.4 +6.2 + 10.6 Tensile Stmngth Retained % 85.9 55.9 40.2 104.7 79.1 Elongation Retained % 78.3 56.5 43.5 95.7 82.6

Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

A S.T M No. 3 011 A S.1.M Dlstllled Fuel 8 Water

Ethyl Alcohol

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

351

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Three Months Immersion et 75’ = 5OF Volume Change % Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive Oil Skydrol 500 +54.8 +4.3 +41.0 +19.5 +53.9 Tensile Strength Retained % 49.6 100.4 57.7 84.6 49.2 Elongation Retained % 52.2 87.0 69.6 82.6 69.6 Hardness Chanp Pts. -15 +l -17 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

-11
-21

Sodturn Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxldc (lC?o) Tide

+1.5 +5.0 +5.8

100.0 95.7 97.9

75.9 87.0 87.0

+l 0 -1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

1I”,)

Six Months Immersion at 75’ r 5’F Volume Change % A S 1 M No 1 011 +20.7 +76.9 +87.4 +8.5 +11.2 Tensile Strength Retained % 80.3 57.7 39.3 99.6 79.9 Elongation Retained $6 78.3 56.5 47.8 87.0 87.0 Hardness Change Pts. -8 -21 -20 -1 -4 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Residue

AS 1 M No 3011 A S 1 M Fuel B Dtstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol Heaane Hydrochloric Acid

+54.2

46.6 93.6 48.7 83.8 44.4

52.2 82.6 65.2 78.3 52.2

-15 +l -17 -12 -23

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(lo”.)

+5.7 +41.6 +23.3 +57.8

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive 011 Skydrol 500

Sodium Chlonde (25%) Sodwm Hydroxide (10%) Tide (l”/.) CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

+1.9 +6.3 +8.4 OF 50 V&TALON 6505150

102.1 86.8 102.6

87.0 78.3 87.0

+2 +l +l BLEND at 2 12’F Hardness Change Pts. -21 -30 -27 -1 +2 +2 -2 -16

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged COMPOUND

POLYCHLOROPRENE 72 Hours Immersion

Volume Change % A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. No. I Oil No. 3 011 Fuel B +46.4 +114.0 +118.4 +6.7 -2.3 +33.3 +15.0 +21.2

Tensile Strength Retained X 70.8 42.7 37.1 98.1 88.3 46.5 84.0 59.3

Elongation Retained % 68.0 48.0 48.0 80.0 80.0 48.0 64.0 72.0

Surface Condition SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Distilled Water Ethyl Alcohol Hexane Hydrochloric Acid (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olwe Oil Skydrol 500

+33.4
+43.4 +O.Ol + 14.6 +6.2

72.5
53.5 95.1 87.5 97.3

72.0
80.0 76.0 72.0 84.0

-22
-28 +3 0 -2

Sodturn Chloride (25%) Sodwm Hydroxide (10%) Tide (1%)

(continued)

352

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.12: VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

One Month Immersion at 75’ + 5°F Volume Change lb A.S 1 M. No. 1011 A.S.1 M. No. 3 011 A.S.T.M. Fuel I3 +17.5 +81.3 +99.0 +2.7 +5.2 Tensile Strength Retained X 82.3 47.4 39.7 104.5 88.7

Elongation
Retained X 76.0 48.0 44.0 96.0 84.0

Hardness
Change Pts. -9 -21 -23 -2 -7

Surfwe
Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Dlstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Actd (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Okve 011 Skydrol 500

+73.6 +2.5 +27.8 +ll.O +29.6

40.5 102.8 62.3 88.7 77.2

48.0 100.0 76.0 84.0 84.0

-18 -2 -16 -8 -13

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Sodium Chloride (250,~) Sodium Hydrorlde (10%) lode

+2.0 +2.2 +2.1

98.1 101.1 98.1

96.0 96.0 .%.O

-3 -3 -1

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged

(1%)

Three Months immersion at 75’ : 5’t Volume Change X A S T M No AS TM
1

Tensile Strength Retained X 72.5 50.3 38.4 101.5 86.2

Elongation Retained K 76.0 52.0 40.0 96.0 88.0

Hardness Change Fts. -14 -21 -25 -1 -6

Surfacr Condlion Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

011

+32.1 93.3 +110.5 +4.0 +10.6

No 3011

A S 1 M Fuel 8 Dlstllled Water Etnyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Aild

+81.6

44.8 97.3 68.3 84.5 72.5

48.0 92.0 76.0 84.0 80.0

-21 0 -17 -14 -18

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

t 10-o)

+3.1 +28.8 +20.8 +30.2

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive 011 Shydrol 500

Sodwm Chloride (2fP01 Sod~urn Hydroxide
ltd.? II"ab

+0.6 +2.7 +3.8

97.7 97.7 98.1

72.0 92.0 92.0

0 -1 -1

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

(IO”.)

Six Months Immersion at 75” = 5°F VdlUllO Chrngo X A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. No. 1011 No. 3 011 Fuel B +41.6 +95.8 + 130.3 ~6.3 +6.1 Tonsil0 Strength Retained X 67.8 46.9 36.7 101.5 85.8 Elongation Retainrd X 72.0 52.0 44.0 92.0 88.0
HlrdMSS Surface

Change Pts. -16 -25 -24 -1 -5

Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Dtstllled Water Ethyl Alcohol

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

353

TABLE 2.12:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-EXXON

CHEMICALS

(continued)

Six Months Immersion at 75’ r 5°F Volume Change K Hexane Hydrochlonc Acrd (10%) + 114.7 +4.6 +28.5 +23.6 +31.5 Tantile Strength Retainad K 42.7 90.0 60.6 80.2 68.3 Elongation Retained X 44.0 76.0 72.0 76.0 94.0 Hardnass Change Pts. -20 -1 -16 -14 -19 Surtrce Condition Residue Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olbve 011 Skydrol 500

Sodrum Chlonde (25%) Sodium Hydroxrde (10%) Tide (1%) CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

+1.2 +4.3 +5.8 OF 70 VISTALON 6505130

99.8 93.0 99.8

88.0 84.0 88.0

+l 0 -1 BLEND

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged COMPOUND

POLYCHLOROPRENE

72 Hours Immersion at 212’F Volume Change X A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M A.S.T.M. No. 1 011 No. 3 Oil Fuel 8 +66.4 + 130.9 + 137.4 +4.0 -1.5 Tensile Strength Retained $6 61.0 39.5 29.5 101.5 91.5 Elongation Retained K 62.5 45.8 37.5 87.5 83.3 Hardness Change Pts. -24 -32 -27 0 +3 Surface Condition St. Tacky SI. Tacky Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Dlstrlled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Acrd (10%) Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olive 011 Skydrol 500

+47.4 + 12.3 + 15.5 + 37.0 +25.6

41.5 91.0 64.0 72.5 72.0

45.8 75.0 _ 79.2 75.0 87.5

-1 -1 -14 -21 -21

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged SI. Tacky SI. Tacky

.
Sodium Chloride (25%) Sodium Hydroxide (10%) Tide (1%) +0.8 +0.6 +3.6 108.C 95.0 91.5 83.3 79.3 83.3 +2 -1 -1 Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

One Month Immersion at 75” + 5’F Volume Change K AS TM No 1011 + 27.0 + 102.2 +115.3 + 2.5 +*3.8 Tensile Strength Retained K 79.0 50.0 29.5 108.0 98.0 Elongation Retained % 75.0 45.8 33.3 100.0 95.8 Hardness Change Pts. -11 -21 -23 -2 5 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

A S 1 M No 3 011 A S T M Fuel B Drstrlled Water Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane
Hydrochlonc Actd (lo”.1 Methyl Ethyl Ketone Olrve 011 Skydrol 500

+81.5 +2.3 +15.5 + 14.4 +15.3

35.5 109.5 61.5 90.5 89.5

37.5 108.3 75.0 91.7 91.8

-21 -2 -12 -9 -10

Unchanged Unchanged White Res. Unchanged V. Tacky

Sodrum Chlonde (.25”.) Sodrum Hydroxide (lO”.J Trde

+O.? + 1.2 +1.4

101.5 95.5 100.0

100.0 87.5 100.0

-2 -2 -1

White Res. Unchanged Unchanged (continued)

(I”,)

354

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-EXXON CHEMICALS (continued)

TABLE 2.12:

Three Months Immersion at 75” 2 5°F Volume Change X A.S 1 M No AS TM No 1011 3011 +47.6 +112.4 + 128.5 +3.1 +4.5 Tensile Strength Retained K 67.5 45.5 37.0 103.5 93.5 Elongation Retained % 70.8 45.8 37.5 100.0 91.7 Hardness Cnange pts. -15 -21 -23 0 -4 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

A S.1 M. Fuel 8 Dlstllled Water

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Methyl Acid (l(P,)

+ 105.4 +2.3 +17.1 +25.3 +14.3

43.0 100.0 79.0 80.5 83.5

41.7 91.7 87.5 79.2 95.8

-21 0 -13 -14 -12

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Ethyl Ketone

Olwe 011 Skydrbl 500

Sodwm Sodium

Chlonde Hydroafde

(25”.) (1P.l

+0.6 +1.8 ~2.4

104.0 100.0 107.5

83.3 95.8 95.8

-1 0 -2

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Tide (1%)

Six Months Immersion at 75” 2 5°F Volume Channe K A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. A.S.T.M. Dlsttlled No. 1011 No. 3 011 Fuel 8 Water +60.9 ~116.1 + 155.6 +4.5 +3.2 Tensile Strength Retained K 66.0 51.5 36.0 104.5 95.0 Elongation Retained K 70.8 50.0 37.5 95.8 87.5 Hardness Change Pts. -19 -23 -23 0 -2 Surface Condition Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Residue

Ethyl Alcohol

Hexane Hydrochlonc Methyl Acid (10%)

+ 147.3 c3.4 c17.7 ~28.0 + 14.9

39.5 102.0 67.5 86.0 85.0

41.7 95.8 75.0 83.3 95.8

-20 0 -12 -14 -13

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Ethyl Ketone

Olwe 011 Skydrol 500

Sodwm Sodturn

Chlonde Hydroxide

(25%) (lD%)

+0.7 +2.2 +4.0

104.0 99.0 102.5

95.8 87.5 91.7

+l cl 0

Unchanged Unchanged Unchanged

Tide (1%)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

355

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO.

CHEMICAL

COMPATIBILITY

CHARTS

(continued)

356

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO. kontinued)

glcium C.lCl”rn

Carbonat* ChlowJ.

I

I

AIAIAIAlAl

lAl*ICl’JI*I

~I~I~I~I~l~I~l~l~l~l~l

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

357

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO. (continued)

358

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS
LEGEND

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO. (continued)

” ‘J ”

u
A A B B ”

A

B

a
A B B ” ”

u u

u

u

l”l”l”lCl

u u

u u
” ”

u

I

c

u I u
u
” ” ”

c
u
” ”

u I

B ” ” B B ” ” B ” ”

” B B B B ”

u

B ”

n u

lvlele
C ”

u
C B

u c ”
B it-. B A ” .

u

u u u u

c c
B ”

u
” ”

c
A B “_ ” ”

u

B

u n n
B A

AL c
B

c
R

u

u

u
” B

u

u

u

u

B
B

u

n c

u

B A 4

n

” ” ”

u n
” ” B ” B B

u
” ” U U ”

1

IB

1

” A B B B ” B

” ” B ” ” ”

u

” ”

B

B B B

” B ” C

B ”

A

u

u
u

u
” ”

u
B

u
” ” ”

u
B

B I”lcl”l”lsiclclcle
u
u
8 ” A

” B ” B ”

U B ” B

u
” ” ” A ” A A A
A

c
” ” ” B ” B A
A A

B B U ”

u
” ” ”

I

u

u u
A B

u

u

u
” _~

u
A 6 A
A A

u
8

u u
8 ” B A A A

u
” B A A A

,”
B ._A

!.-_ u
A A ”

u
” A

c

8
” ” A

C A
fi

u
_

u
B A A A

u
A A

c

u

c
c

A -.
A

A

d--4

(continued)

Rubbers and Elastomers

359

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO. (continued)

i

ICI

B

iI B

iI ”

I

6 I

;

I

6 I

” I

i

I

c

a__

I

I

I

I

I

I-

I

ui~l~l~l

IAlA

IAl

Lg

g;

]

(continued)

360

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS
LEGEND

ELASTOMERS
/

AND RUBBERS-MINOR
/ / / / /

RUBBER CO. (continued)
/ / / / / / / /

362

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO. (continued)

” -+ ” -+

B --i-

-+

-5

A
A

-z--zA

c c
-+-

” B ”

c

--&
+_
-&
” ” ”

_-!A” ”

---Ti--E-

Rubbers

and Elastomers

363

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS
LEGEND

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO. (continued)

(continued)

364

Corrosion

Resistant

Materials

Handbook

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS
LEGEND

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO. (continued)

ikelly. sol”ent ik”drol500

B. c. E

:Lydrol7000

km”” Vacuum AC781 AM” ,Gmsw,
bconv Vacuum PD959B ia& Ash

hap Sof”wm* $cow Mobtk

Type A

UI
U u A

ulul
u u A u u A _:

VI
u

Al
A A A A

181

B B A

U B A

UI

l
B A A U

u l
u U A _::

B B

1

A A A

tinued)

Rubbers

and Elastomers

365

TABLE 2.13:

VARIOUS

ELASTOMERS

AND RUBBERS-MINOR

RUBBER CO. (continued)

_!I-_
” I,

a
II

un

--tA

T

---_

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

-

u

-4
” + ” -+ ”

7

-2

(continued)

j

366

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook VARIOUS ELASTOMERS AND RUBBERS-MINOR RUBBER CO. (continued)

TABLE 2.13:

Rubbers

and Elastomers

367

TABLE 2.14:

VARIOUS

RUBBER AND ELASTOMERIC

TANK

LININGS-ACME-FISHER

Linings Recommended to Resist Various Chemicals
LININGS. A - Abrasron Resistant B - Soft Natural C - Semi-Hard Natural Natural D - Hard Natural E - Neoprene F - Polyvinyl Chloride G - Chloro-Butyl H - Ethylene Propylene NR - Not Recommended

(Koroseal)

CHEMICALS INORGANIC ACIDS Arsenic Battery Acid (Sulphuric) Carbonic Chlorine Water Cupric Acid (Copper Sulrate) Fluoboric Fluosilicic Hydrobromic Hydrochloric Hydrofluoric Hydrofluoric Max. Cont. Hydrogen Sulfide Water Nitric Nitric Perchloric Phosphoric Sulfonic Acid Sulphuric Sulfurous
SALTS a ALKALIES Abrasive Solutions Aluminum Salts Alums Ammonium Hydroxide Ammonium Persulfate Other Ammonium Salts Barium Salts Barium Sulfide Calcium Bisulfite Bleach Lrquor Calcium Hydrochlorite Other Calcium Salts Copper Salts Iron Salts Lead Salts Mercuric Chloride Nickel Acetate Potassium Hydroxide Potassium Drchromate Other Potassium Salts Sodium Hydroxide Sodium Bisulfite Sodium Hydrochlorite Sodium Hypochlorite Other Sodium Salts Sulphur Chloride Silver Nitrate Tin Salts Zinc Salts

CONCENTRATION

TEMPERATURE
OF

LINING DB
DB D-H F DB DBE DB DB DB G DB DEF F DF EDB DB DB D

Any
To Saturation To Saturation Any Any Any Any To 50% To Saturation 10% 25% To Saturation To 85% To 50% To Saturation

175
High Bake Phenolic 175 125 140 175 175 175 186 175 225 160 90 70 120 180 180 160 160 OF 180 175 175 160 175 175 175 180 175 140 175 175 175 175 175 180 160 175 160 180 160 160 150 225 180 NR 175 175 175

To To To To To To To To To To To To To

Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturation Saturatron

A DB DB D DB DB DB DB DB D D DB DE DB DB D DE DB DF DBE DB DF D G-H DBE D-B DE DE

To Saturation To Saturation To Saturation To Saturation To Saturation To Saturation To Saturation 16% To Saturation To Saturation Any To Saturahon

(continued)

368

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook

TABLE 2.14:

VARIOUS

RUBBER AND ELASTOMERIC CONCENTRATION

TANK

LININGS-ACME-FISHER TEMPERATURE OF 140

(continued) LINING F-B-D

CHEMICALS PLATING SOLUTIONS
Brass Cadmium Chromium Copper Gold Lead Nrckel Silver Tin Zinc ORGANIC MATERIALS Acetate Solvents Alrphatic Solvents Acetic Acid Acetic Anhydride Acetone Alcohols Castor Oil Citric Acrd Coconut Oil Cottonseed Oil Dye Stuffs Citric Acid Ethylene Glycol Formaldehyde Formic Acrd Fumaric Acid Furfural Gallic Acid Glucose Glue Glycerine Lactic Acid Malic Acid Minerals Oils Oxalic Acid Soaps Tannic Acid Triethanolmine Vinegar

Trace to Any Any To 25% Any Any

To Saturation Any 40% Any

To Saturation Any Any Any Any To Saturation

Any To Saturation Any

OF NR 160 160 150 150 175 150 160 150 150 150 160 160 100 100 180 100 160 175 175 175 160 150 160 160 175 175 175 150

E D D DB DB D DF D D D F DB D D BDF D DB DB DB DB D DB ED D DB DB DB DF

The temperatures given are somewhat conservative; however should be conducted to satisfy users particular problem.

If higher

operating

temperatures

are anticipated,

tests

Cements, Mortars, and Asphalt

TABLE 3.1: EPOXY-BASE FLOOR SURFACING SYSTEMS-STONHARD STONCLAD is a three-component, epoxy-base floor surfacing system. It was specifically designed for surfacing and patching industrial floors exposed t o corrosive spillages and abrasive, wheeled traffic. STONCLAD-HT i s a threecomponent, epoxy-base floor surfacing system. It was specifically designed for surfacing and Fatching industrial but floors exposed t o corrosive spillages and abrasives, wheeled traffic a t temperatures above 140 F (60°C), less than 250°F (122°C). The test procedure used was to totally immerse cured samples of STONCLAD in the chemicals listed for a period o 90 days at normal room temperatures. (This is a n exceptionally severe test, since most f floors subject t o chemical spillages such as these are "flushed down" periodically with water as part of the normal floor maintenance operation.) The resultant resistance of STONCLAD t o the various chemicals is rated using the symbols listed below. (It is assumed that normal "good housekeeping procedures" are used, including a daily flushing down with clean water.) RATING CODE

E - Excellent G - Good F - Fair NR - Not Recommended

OS - Suitable for use
where "occasional spillages" occur, when followed by immediate water flushing.

Chemical Resistance Guide for STONCLAD ACIDS CHEMICAL Acetic - 5%. . . . . . . . Acetic - 10%. . . Acetic - 20%. . . Acetic - Glacial. . RATING CH EM1CAL RATING

. . . . . . . . os

Benzoic - Sat. 3%.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Boric - Sat. 30%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Butyric - 10%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F Chromic - 10%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G Chromic - 15%. .. Chromic - 20%. . . Citric - 50%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Cresylic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS

Heptanoic.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS Hydrochloric 15%. . . . . . . . . . . . . E Hydrochloric - 37%. . . . . . . . . . . . . G Hydrofluoric - 5%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Hydrofluoric - 10%. . . . . . . . . . . . . F Hydrofluoric - 15%. . . . . . . . . . . . . OS Hypochlorous - 5%. . . . . . . . . . . . . E

-

Lactic Lactic

- up t o 20%. . . . - over 25%. . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G
Fatty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Formic - up t o 10%. . . . . . . . . . . . .OS Formic - over 10%.. . . . . . . . . . . . . NR Fluoboric. ..................... G

Maleic - 30%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G Maleic - 40%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F Maleic - 60%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS Malic - 50%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Monochloroacetic -5%. . . . . . . . . . . F Monochloroacetic 10%. . . . . . . . . OS

-

Nitric - 10%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E

................G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F . . . . . . . . . . . .NR Nitric - over 40%
(continued)

369

370

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook (continued)

T A B L E 3.1: EPOXY-BASE FLOOR SURFACING SYSTEMS-STONHARD ACIDS (continued) CHEMICAL Oleic. . . . . . . . . . Oxalic - Sat.. . . RATING

CHEMICAL Phthalic..

RATING

.............E . . . . . . . . . . . . .E

......................

F

Pelargonic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS Perchloric - 35%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F Phosphoric - u p t o 50%. . . . . . . . . i F Phosphoric - 70%. . . . . . . . . . . . . .os Phosphoric - Conc. 85%. . . . . . . . . NR Picric - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E ALKALIES AND SALTS CHEMICAL RATING

Succinic - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Sulfuric - 20%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Sulfuric - 50%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Sulfuric - 70%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F Sulfuric - 98%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NR Tannic - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Tartaric - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . ....E

CHEMICAL

RATING

Aluminum Chloride - 50%. . . . . . . . E Ammonium Chloride - 50%. . . . . . . E Ammonium Hydroxide - up t o 20%. E Ammonium Hydroxide - 409b.. . . . . G Ammonium Nitrate - Sat.. . . . . . . . . E Ammonium Persulfate . . . . . . . . . . . .E Ammonium Sulfate - Sat.. . . . . . . . . E Calcium Chloride - 50% Calcium Hydroxide - Sa Calcium Hypochlorite - up t o 15%. . G Copper Fluoroborate Ferric Chloride.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Ferrous Sulfate.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Potassium Hydroxide

Sodium Benzoate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. E Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash)-Sat.. E Sodium Bicarbonate - Sat.. . . . . . . . E Sodium Bisulfate - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . E Sodium Bisulfite - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . . E Sodium Chloride (Salt) . . . . . . . . . . . .E Sodium Glutamate.. . . . . . . . . . . . . ..E Sodium Hydroxide - up t o 5 0 % . . . .E . Sodium Hypochlorite - up t o 10%. .G Sodium Propionate.. . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Sodium Sulfate - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . . . E Sodium Sulfide - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . . . E Trisodium Phosphate - Sat . . . . . . . E Zinc Nitrate..

- up to 40%. . E

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G

SOLVENTS AND OTHER CHEMICALS SU B STAN CE Acetone, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RATING SUBSTANCE RATING

Alcohol (Methyl). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 s Alcohol (Ethyl, Propyl. Isopropyl, Butyl). . . . . . . . . . G Amyl Acetate.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Beer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . os Aniline, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Diacetone Alcohol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Diethyl Phthalate. . . . . . . . . Dimethyl Phthalate. . . . . . . . Ethyl Acetate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS Ethylene Glycol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Ether. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS Ethylene Dichloride. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NR Formaldehyde.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . os Butyl Acetate. . . . . . . . ........G

E

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E
E E E

Butyl Lactate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Bromine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NR Carbon Disulfide.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon Tetrachloride. . . . . . . . . . . . . Chlorobenzene. . . . . . . . Corn Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyclohexane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyclohexanol. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cyclohexanone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chloroform. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NR E

Gasoline.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glycerine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glyoxal ....................... Hydrogen Peroxide

- 10%.. . . . . . . E

E E E OS NR

JP5 Jet Fuel.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Juices - Fruit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Juices - Vegetable. . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Kerosene

......................

OS (continued)

Cements, Mortars, and Asphalt TABLE 3.1: EPOXY-BASE FLOOR SURFACING SYSTEMS-STONHARD
(continued)

371

SOLVENTS AND OTHER CHEMICALS (Continued) SUBSTANCE Lanolin. . . . . . . . . . . Lard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Linseed Oil.. . . . . . . Mayonnaise. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Methyl Ethyl Ke . . . . . . NR Methyl Isobutyl . . . . . . . . . . . . NR Methyl Salicylate - 50% in Toluene. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Methylene Chloride. . . . . . . . . . . Muriatic Acid (See Hydrochloric Acid) Mustard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Naphtha. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RATING SUB STANCE RATING

.............E . . . . . . . . . . . . .F Phenol - 5%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . NR
Skydrol ....................... Sucrose - Sat. (Sugar). . . . E

Trichloroethane. . . Trichloroethylene. . Triethanolamine. . . Triethylene Glyco I.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E

E F Vinegar

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E (Household). . . . . . . .

Water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Oils - Mineral. . . . . Oils - Vegetable. . . Xylene. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chemical Resistance Guide for STONCLAD HT ACIDS CHEMICAL Acetic - 5%. . . . . . Acetic - 10%.. . . . Acetic - 3 0 % . . , . , Acetic - Glacial.. . . . . Benzoic - Sat . . . . . . . . . Boric - Sat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chromic - 10%.. . . Chromic - 150h.. . . . . . Chromic - 30%. . . . Citric - Sat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Cresylic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . os Diglycolic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G RATING CHEMICAL RATING

G

Lactic - u p to 20%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . F Lactic - over 25%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . OS Maleic Maleic Maleic Maleic - 10%.. . . . . . . . . . . . .E - 30%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G - 40%.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F - Sat . . . . . . . .

Mr,nochloroacetic Mmochloroacetic

-1 - 20%. . . . . . . . . 0s

Nitric - 20%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Nitric - 30% ......... G Nitric - over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NR

Fatty.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E .F Formic - u p to 10%.. . . . . . . . Formic - over 10% . . . . . . . . . . . NR Fluoboric. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G

Oleic.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Oxalic - S a t . . . . . . . . . . ....E
Pelargonic. . . . . . . . . . Phosphoric - 70%. . . Picric - Sat.. . . Phthalic.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Succinic -Sat

. . . . . . . .os

Hydrofluoric - 5%. . . . . . . . . . Hydrofluoric - 10%.. . . . . . . . . . . . G Hydrofluoric - 15%. . . Hypochlorous - 5%. . . . . . . . . . . . . E

. . . . . . . . . . . . . os . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Hydrochloric - 37%. . . . . . . . . . . . . G

F

....

..E (continued)

372

Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook
(continued)

T A B L E 3.1: EPOXY-BASE FLOOR SURFACING SYSTEMS-STONHARD ACIDS (continued) CHEMICAL RATING

CHEMICAL

RATING

Sulfuric

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .E . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F - 98%. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NR
..............
.E ALKALIES A N D SALTS

Tartaric - S a t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Trichloroacetic - 5?6 . . . . . . . . . . , G Trichloroacetic - 10% . . . . . . . . . . .F Trichloroacetic - 20% . . . . . . . . . .os

Tannic - Sat..

CHEMICAL

RATING

CHEMICAL Potassium Hydroxide

RATING

Aluminum Chloride - 50%. . . . . . . . E Ammonium Chloride - Sat . . . . . . . E Ammonium Hydroxide - u p t o 20%. E Ammonium Hydroxide - u p t o 40%.G Ammonium Nitrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Ammonium Sulfate - Sat.. . . . . . . . . E Calcium Chloride - Sat . . . . . . . . . . E Calcium Hypochlorite - up t o 15%. . G Copper Fluoroborate. . . . . . . . . . . . . E Ferric Chloride - Sat.. . . . . Ferrous Sulfate. . . . . . . . . . .

- up t o 40%. . E

Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash)-Sat.. E Sodium Bicarbonate - Sat.. . . . . . . . E Sodium Bisulfate - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . E Sodium Bisulfite - Sat.. . . . . . . . . . . E Sodium Chloride (Salt). . . . . . . . . . . .E Sodium Hydroxide - u p t o 50%. . . . E Sodium Hypochlorite - u p t o 10%.. . G Sodium Sulfate - Sat. Sodium Sulfide - S a t . . . . . . . . . . . . E Trisodium Phosphate - Sat.. Zinc Nitrate..

......E

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G

SOLVENTS AND OTHER CHEMICALS SUBSTANCE RATING Acetone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .OS Acrylonitrile. . . . . . . . . . . .OS Aniline. . . . . . . . Isopropyl. Butyl). . G Amyl Acetate. . . . . . . . . . . E Beer.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Butyl Lactate. . . . . . . . . . . G Bromine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NR Carbon Disulfide. Carbon Tetrachlo Chlorobenzene. . . . . . . . . . E Corn Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Cyclohexane. . . . . . . . . . . . E SUBSTANCE Formaldehyde.. RAT ING

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .E

Gasoline.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Glycerine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Glyoxal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Hydrogen Peroxide - 10%.. . . . . E

S U B STANC E RATING Naphtha.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . E Naphthalene . . . . . . . . . . . . G
oils - Cutting.. . . . . . . . . E Oils - Mineral. . . . . . . . . . E Oils - Vegetable. . . . . . . . G Peanut Butter.. . . . . . . . . . E Perchloroethylene. . . . . . . E Phenol - 5%. . . . . . . . . . . NR Pyridine.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . NR Sucrose

JP5 Jet Fuel.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E E Juices - Fruit. . . . . . Juices - Vegetable.. ...... E
Kerosene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G

- Sat. (Sugar). .. E

Lard.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E .......... .........F ................ E

Chloroform.

. . . . . . . . . . . . NR

Diacetone Alcohol. . . . . . . E Diethyl Phthalate., . . . . . . E Dimethyl Phthalate. . . . . . . E Ethyl Acetate. . . . . . . . . . . 0 s Ethylene Glycol. . . . . . . . . E Ether. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0s Ethylene Dichloride. . . . . . . NR

Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .NR Mayonnaise. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Methyl Ethyl Ketone.. . . . . . . . . . .OS Methyl Isobutyl Ketone.. . . . . . . . . OS Methyl Salicylate - 50% in Toluene. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NR Methylene Chloride. . . . . . . . . . . . NR Milk.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Mineral Spirits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E Muriatic Acid (See Hydrochloric Acid) . . . .E Mustard. . . . . . . . .

Toluene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G Triacetin.. . . . . . . ....E Trichloroethane. . . . ..G Trichtoroethylene. . . . . . . . G Triethanolamine.. . . . . . E . Triethylene Glycol. . . . . . . E Urea

. . . . . . . . . . . . .E

Vinegar (Household). ... E

Cements, Mortars, and Asphalt TABLE 3.2: EPOXY FLOORING COMPOUNDS-ATLAS

373

REZKLAD C IS a monolithic overlay designed specifically for use in applications where hydrofluoric acid and high concentrations o