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**Lee Kian Keong & L
**

A

T

E

X

akeong@gmail.com

http://www.facebook.com/akeong

Last Edited by June 15, 2011

Abstract

This is a document which shows all the STPM questions from year 2002 to year 2010 using L

A

T

E

X.

Students should use this document as reference and try all the questions if possible. Students are

encourage to contact me via email

1

or facebook

2

. Students also encourage to send me your collection

of papers or questions by email because i am collecting various type of papers. All papers are welcomed.

Special thanks to Zhu Ming for helping me to check the questions.

Contents

1 PAPER 1 QUESTIONS 2

STPM 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

STPM 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

STPM 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

STPM 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

STPM 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

STPM 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

STPM 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

STPM 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

STPM 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

2 PAPER 2 QUESTIONS 21

STPM 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

STPM 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

STPM 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

STPM 2005 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

STPM 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

STPM 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

STPM 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

STPM 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

STPM 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

1

akeong@gmail.com

2

http://www.facebook.com/akeong

1

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong

1 PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

2

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

STPM 2002

1. The function f is deﬁned by

f : x →

√

3x + 1, x ∈ R, x ≥ −

1

3

.

Find f

−1

and state its domain and range. [4 marks]

2. Given that y = e

−x

cos x, ﬁnd

dy

dx

and

d

2

y

dx

2

when x = 0. [4 marks]

3. Determine the values of a, b, and c so that the matrix

¸

2b −1 a

2

b

2

2a −1 a bc

b b +c 2c −1

¸

**is a symmetric matrix. [5 marks]
**

4. By using suitable substitution, ﬁnd

3x −1

√

x + 1

dx. [5 marks]

5. Determine the set of x such that the geometric series 1 + e

x

+ e

2x

+ . . . converges. Find the exact

value of x so that the series converges to 2. [6 marks]

6. Express

59 −24

√

6 as p

√

2 +q

√

3 where p, q are integers. [7 marks]

7. Express

1

4k

2

−1

as partial fraction. [4 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd a simple expression for S

n

=

n

¸

k=1

1

4k

2

−1

and ﬁnd lim

n→∞

S

n

. [4 marks]

8. Given that PQRS is a parallelogram where P(0, 9), Q(2, −5), R(7, 0) and S(a, b) are points on the

plane. Find a and b. [4 marks]

Find the shortest distance from P to QR and the area of the parallelogram PQRS. [6 marks]

9. Find the point of intersection of the curves y = −x

2

+3x and y = 2x

3

−x

2

−5x. Sketch on the same

coordinate system these two curves. [5 marks]

Calculate the area of the region bounded by the curve y = −x

2

+3x and y = 2x

3

−x

2

−5x.[6 marks]

10. Matrices M and N are given as M =

¸

−10 4 9

15 −4 −14

−5 1 6

¸

, and N =

¸

2 3 4

4 3 1

1 2 4

¸

**Find MN and deduce N
**

−1

. [4 marks]

Products X, Y and Z are assembled from three components A, B and C according to diﬀerent

proportions. Each product X consists of two components of A, four components of B, and one

component of C; each product of Y consists of three components of A, three components of B, and

two components of C; each product of Z consists of four components of A, one component of B, and

four components of C. A total of 750 components of A, 1000 components of B, and 500 components

3

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

of C are used. With x, y and z representing the number of products of X, Y , and Z assembled,

obtain a matrix equation representing the information given. [4 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the number of products of X, Y , and Z assembled. [4 marks]

11. Show that polynomial 2x

3

−9x

2

+ 3x + 4 has x −1 as factor. [2 marks]

Hence,

(a) ﬁnd all the real roots of 2x

6

−9x

4

+ 3x

2

+ 4 = 0. [5 marks]

(b) determine the set of values of x so that 2x

3

−9x

2

+ 3x + 4 < 12 −12x. [6 marks]

12. Function f is deﬁned by

f(x) =

2x

(x + 1)(x −2)

.

Show that f

**(x) < 0 for all values of x in the domain of f. [5 marks]
**

Sketch the graph of y = f(x). Determine if f is a one to one function. Give reasons to your answer.

[6 marks]

Sketch the graph of y = |f(x)|. Explain how the number of the roots of the equation |f(x)| = k(x−2)

depends on k. [4 marks]

4

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

STPM 2003

1. Show that −1 is the only one real root of the equation x

3

+ 3x

2

+ 5x + 3 = 0. [5 marks]

2. If y = ln

√

xy, ﬁnd the value of

dy

dx

when y = 1. [5 marks]

3. Using the substitution u = 3 + 2 sin θ, evaluate

π

6

0

cos θ

(3 + 2 sin θ)

2

dθ. [5 marks]

4. If (x +iy)

2

= i, ﬁnd all the real values of x and y. [6 marks]

5. Find the set of values of x such that −2 < x

3

−2x

2

+x −2 < 0. [7 marks]

6. The function f is deﬁned by

f(x) =

1 +e

x

, x < 1

3, x = 1

2 +e −x, x > 1

(a) Find lim

x→1

−

f(x) and lim

x→1

+

f(x). Hence, determine whether f is continuous at x = 1. [4 marks]

(b) Sketch the graph of f. [3 marks]

7. The straight line l

1

which passes through the points A(4, 0) and B(2, 4) intersects the y-axis at the

point P. The straight line l

2

is perpendicular to l

1

and passes through B. If l

2

intersects the x-axis

and y-axis at the points Q and R respectively, show that PR : QR =

√

5 : 3. [8 marks]

8. Express

1 +x

1 + 2x

1

2

as a series of ascending powers of x up to the term in x

3

. [6 marks]

By taking x =

1

30

, ﬁnd

√

62 correct to four decimal places. [3 marks]

9. The matrix A is given by A =

¸

1 2 −3

3 1 1

0 1 −2

¸

**(a) Find the matrix B such that B = A
**

2

−10I, where I is the 3 ×3 identity matrix. [3 marks]

(b) Find (A+I)B, and hence ﬁnd (A+I)

21

B. [6 marks]

10. The curve y =

a

2

x(b − x), where a = 0, has a turning point at point (2, 1). Determine the values of

a and b. [4 marks]

Calculate the area of the region bounded by the x-axis and the curve. [4 marks]

Calculate the volume of the solid formed by revolving the region about the x-axis. [4 marks]

11. Sketch, on the same coordinate axes, the graphs y = e

x

and y =

2

1 +x

. Show that the equation

(1 +x)e

x

−2 = 0 has a root in the interval [0, 1]. [7 marks]

Use the Newton-Raphson method with the initial estimate x

0

= 0.5 to estimate the root correct to

three decimal places. [6 marks]

5

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

12. Express u

r

=

2

r

2

+ 2r

in partial fractions. [3 marks]

Using the result obtained,

(a) show that u

2

r

= −

1

r

+

1

r

2

+

1

r + 2

+

1

(r + 2)

2

, [2 marks]

(b) show that

n

¸

r=1

u

r

=

3

2

−

1

n + 1

−

1

n + 2

and determine the values of

∞

¸

r=1

u

r

and

∞

¸

r=1

u

r+1

+

1

3

r

.

[9 marks]

6

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

STPM 2004

1. Show that

e

1

ln xdx = 1. [4 marks]

2. Expand (1 −x)

1

2

in ascending powers of x up to the term in x

3

. Hence, ﬁnd the value of

√

7 correct

to ﬁve decimal places. [5 marks]

3. Using the laws of the algebra of sets, show that, for any sets A and B,

(A−B) ∪ (B −A) = (A∪ B) −(A∩ B)

[6 marks]

4. Matrix A is given by A =

¸

3 3 4

5 4 1

1 2 3

¸

.

Find the adjoint of A. Hence, ﬁnd A

−1

. [6 marks]

5. The function f is deﬁned by

f(x) =

x −1

x + 2

, 0 ≤ x < 2

ax

2

−1, x ≥ 2

where a ∈ R. Find the value of a if lim

x→2

f(x) exists. With this value of a, determine whether f is

continuous at x = 2. [6 marks]

6. The sum of the distance of the point P from the point (4,0) and the distance of P from the origin is

8 units. Show that the locus of P is the ellipse

(x −2)

2

16

+

y

2

12

= 1 and sketch the ellipse. [7 marks]

7. Sketch, on the same coordinate axes, the graphs of y = 2 −x and y =

2 +

1

x

. [4 marks]

Hence, solve the inequality 2 −x >

2 +

1

x

. [4 marks]

8. Using the sketch graphs of y = x

3

and x+y = 1, show that the equation x

3

+x−1 = 0 has only one

real root and state the successive integers a and b such that the real root lies in the interval (a, b).

[4 marks]

Use the Newton-Raphson method to ﬁnd the real root correct to three decimal places. [5 marks]

9. The matrices P and Q, where PQ = QP, are given by

P =

¸

2 −2 0

0 0 2

a b c

¸

and Q =

¸

−1 1 0

0 0 −1

0 −2 2

¸

**Determine the values of a, b and c. [5 marks]
**

Find the real numbers m and n for which P = mQ+nI, where I is the 3 ×3 identity matrix.[5 marks]

10. A curve is deﬁned by the parametric equations x = 1 − 2t, y = −2 +

2

t

. Find the equation of the

7

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

normal to the curve at the point A(3, −4). [7 marks]

The normal to the curve at the point A cuts the curve again at point B. Find the coordinates of B.

[4 marks]

11. Sketch on the same coordinates axes, the line y =

1

2

x and the curve y

2

= x. Find the coordinates of

the points of intersection. [5 marks]

Find the area of region bounded by the line y =

1

2

x and the curve y

2

= x. [4 marks]

Find the volume of the solid formed when the region is rotated through 2π radians about the y-axis.

[4 marks]

12. Prove that the sum of the ﬁrst n terms of a geometric series a +ar +ar

2

+. . . is

a(1 −r

n

)

1 −r

[3 marks]

(a) The sum of the ﬁrst ﬁve terms of a geometric series is 33 and the sum of the ﬁrst ten terms of

the geometric series is -1023. Find the common ratio and the ﬁrst term of the geometric series.

[5 marks]

(b) The sum of the ﬁrst n terms and the sum to inﬁnity of the geometric series 6 −3 +

3

2

−. . . are

S

n

and S

∞

respectively. Determine the smallest value of n such that |S

n

−S

∞

| < 0.001.[7 marks]

8

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005

STPM 2005

1. Using the laws of the algebra of sets, show that

(A∩ B)

−(A

∩ B) = B

[4 marks]

2. If y =

cos x

x

, where x = 0, show that x

d

2

y

dx

2

+ 2

dy

dx

+xy = 0. [4 marks]

3. The point R divides the line joining the points P(3, 2) and Q(5, 8) in the ratio 3 : 4. Find the equation

of the line passing through R and perpendicular to PQ. [5 marks]

4. For the geometric series 7+3.5+1.75+0.875+..., ﬁnd the smallest value of n for which the diﬀerence

between the sum of the ﬁrst n terms and the sum to inﬁnity is less than 0.01. [6 marks]

5. Find the solution set of inequality |x −2| <

1

x

where x = 0. [7 marks]

6. Find the perpendicular distance from the centre of the circle x

2

+y

2

−8x+2y +8 = 0 to the straight

line 3x +4y = 28. Hence, ﬁnd the shortest distance between the circle and the straight line. [7 marks]

7. Sketch, on the same coordinate axes, the curves y = e

x

and y = 2 + 3e

−x

. [2 marks]

Calculate the area of the region bounded by the y-axis and the curves. [6 marks]

8. A, B and C are square matrices such that BA = B

−1

and ABC = (AB)

−1

. Show that A

−1

=

B

2

= C. [3 marks]

If B =

¸

1 2 0

0 −1 0

1 0 1

¸

**, ﬁnd C and A. [7 marks]
**

9. The complex numbers z

1

and z

2

satisfy the equation z

2

= 2 −2

√

3i.

(a) Express z

1

and z

2

in the form a +bi, where a and b are real numbers. [6 marks]

(b) Represent z

1

and z

2

in an Argand diagram. [1 marks]

(c) For each of z

1

and z

2

, ﬁnd the modulus, and the argument in radians. [4 marks]

10. The functions f and g are given by

f(x) =

e

x

−e

−x

e

x

+e

−x

and g(x) =

2

e

x

+e

−x

(a) State the domains of f and g, [1 marks]

(b) Without using diﬀerentiation, ﬁnd the range of f, [4 marks]

(c) Show that f(x)

2

+g(x)

2

= 1. Hence, ﬁnd the range of g. [6 marks]

11. Express f(x) =

x

2

−x −1

(x + 2)(x −3)

in partial fractions. [5 marks]

Hence, obtain an expansion of f(x) in ascending powers of

1

x

up to the term in

1

x

3

. [6 marks]

9

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005

Determine the set of values of x for which this expansion is valid. [2 marks]

12. Find the coordinates of the stationary point on the curve y = x

2

+

1

x

where x > 0; give the x-

coordinate and y-coordinate correct to three decimal places. Determine whether the stationary point

is a minimum point or a maximum point. [5 marks]

The x-coordinate of the point of intersection of the curves y = x

2

+

1

x

and y =

1

x

2

, where x > 0, is

p. Show that 0.5 < p < 1. Use the Newton-Raphson method to determine the value of p correct to

three decimal places and, hence, ﬁnd the point of intersection. [9 marks]

10

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

STPM 2006

1. If A, B and C are arbitrary sets, show that [(A∪ B) −(B ∪ C)] ∩ (A∪ C)

= ∅. [4 marks]

2. If x is so small that x

2

and higher powers of x may be neglected, show that

(1 −x)

2 +

x

2

10

≈ 2

9

(2 −7x).

[4 marks]

3. Determine the values of k such that the determinant of the matrix

¸

k 1 3

2k + 1 −3 2

0 k 2

¸

is 0.[4 marks]

4. Using trapezium rule, with ﬁve ordinates, evaluate

1

0

4 −x

2

dx. [4 marks]

5. If y = xln(x + 1), ﬁnd an approximation for the increase in y when x increases by δx.

Hence, estimate the value of ln 2.01 given that ln 2 = 0.6931. [6 marks]

6. Express

2x + 1

(x

2

+ 1)(2 −x)

in the form

Ax +B

x

2

+ 1

+

C

2 −x

where A, B and C are constants. [3 marks]

Hence, evaluate

1

0

2x + 1

(x

2

+ 1)(2 −x)

dx. [4 marks]

7. The nth term of an arithmetic progression is T

n

, show that U

n

=

5

2

(−2)

2(

10−T

n

17

)

is the nth term of

a geometric progression. [4 marks]

If T

n

=

1

2

(17n −14), evaluate

∞

¸

n=1

U

n

. [4 marks]

8. Show that x

2

+ y

2

− 2ax − 2by + c = 0 is the equation of the circle with centre (a, b) and radius

a

2

+b

2

−c. [3 marks]

C

1

C

2

C

3

The above ﬁgure shows three circles C

1

, C

2

and C

3

touching one another, where their centres lie on a

straight line. If C

1

and C

2

have equations x

2

+y

2

−10x−4y +28 = 0 and x

2

+y

2

−16x+4y +52 = 0

respectively. Find the equation of C

3

. [7 marks]

11

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

9. Functions f, g and h are deﬁned by

f : x →

x

x + 1

; g : x →

x + 2

x

; h : x → 3 +

2

x

(a) State the domains of f and g. [2 marks]

(b) Find the composite function g ◦ f and state its domain and range. [5 marks]

(c) State the domain and range of h. [2 marks]

(d) State whether h = g ◦ f. Give a reason for your answer. [2 marks]

10. The polynomial p(x) = x

4

+ax

3

−7x

2

−4ax +b has a factor x + 3 and when divided by x −3, has

remainder 60. Find the values of a and b and factorise p(x) completely. [9 marks]

Using the substitution y =

1

x

, solve the equation 12y

4

−8y

3

−7y

2

+ 2y + 1 = 0. [3 marks]

11. If P =

¸

5 2 3

1 −4 3

3 1 2

¸

, Q =

¸

a 1 −18

b −1 12

−13 −1 c

¸

**and PQ = 2I, where I is the 3 × 3 identity
**

matrix, determine the values of a, b and c. Hence ﬁnd P

−1

. [8 marks]

Two groups of workers have their drinks at a stall. The ﬁrst group comprising ten workers have ﬁve

cups of tea, two cups of coﬀee and three glasses of fruit juice at a total cost of RM11.80. The second

group of six workers have three cups of tea, a cup of coﬀee and two glasses of fruit juice at a total

cost of RM7.10. The cost of a cup of tea and three glasses of fruit juice is the same as the cost of

four cups of coﬀee. If the costs of a cup of tea, a cup of coﬀee and a glass of fruit juice are RM x,

RM y and RM z respectively, obtain a matrix equation to represent the above information. Hence

determine the cost of each drink. [6 marks]

12. The function f is deﬁned by f(t) =

4e

kt

−1

4e

kt

+ 1

where k is a positive constant, t > 0,

(a) Find the value of f(0) [1 marks]

(b) Show that f

(t) > 0 [5 marks]

(c) Show that k[1 −f(t)

2

] = 2f

(t) and, hence, show that f

(t) < 0. [6 marks]

(d) Find lim

t→∞

f(t). [2 marks]

(e) Sketch the graph of f. [2 marks]

12

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

STPM 2007

1. Express the inﬁnite recurring decimal 0.7

˙

2

˙

5 (= 0.7252525 . . . ) as a fraction in its lowest terms.[4 marks]

2. If y =

x

1 +x

2

, show that x

2

dy

dx

= (1 −x

2

)y

2

. [[ marks]4

3. If log

a

x

a

2

= 3 log

a

2 −log

a

(x −2a), express x in terms of a. [6 marks]

4. Simplify

(a)

(

√

7 −

√

3)

2

2(

√

7 +

√

3)

, [3 marks]

(b)

2(1 + 3i)

(1 −3i)

2

, where i =

√

−1. [3 marks]

5. The coordinates of the points P and Q are (x, y) and

x

x

2

+y

2

,

y

x

2

+y

2

respectively, where x = 0

and y = 0. If Q moves on a circle with centre (1, 1) and radius 3, show that the locus of P is also a

circle. Find the coordinates of the centre and radius of the circle. [6 marks]

6. Find

(a)

x

2

+x + 2

x

2

+ 2

dx, [3 marks]

(b)

x

e

x+1

dx. [4 marks]

7. Find the constants A, B, C and D such that

3x

2

+ 5x

(1 −x

2

)(1 +x)

2

=

A

1 −x

+

B

1 +x

+

C

(1 +x)

2

+

D

(1 +x)

3

.

[8 marks]

8. The function f is deﬁned by

f(x) =

√

x + 1, −1 ≤ x < 1,

|x| −1, otherwise.

(a) Find lim

x→−1

−

f(x), lim

x→−1

+

f(x), lim

x→1

−

f(x) and lim

x→1

+

f(x). [4 marks]

(b) Determine whether f is continuous at x = −1 and x = 1. [4 marks]

9. The matrices A and B are given by

A =

¸

−1 2 1

−3 1 4

0 1 2

¸

, B =

¸

−35 19 18

−27 −13 45

−3 12 5

¸

.

Find the matrix A

2

B and deduce the inverse of A. [5 marks]

13

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

Hence, solve the system of linear equations

x − 2y − z = −8,

3x − y − 4z = −15,

y + 2z = 4.

[5 marks]

10. The gradient of the tangent to a curve at any point (x, y) is given by

dy

dx

=

3x −5

2

√

x

, where x > 0. If

the curve passes through the point (1, −4).

(a) ﬁnd the equation of the curve, [4 marks]

(b) sketch the curve, [2 marks]

(c) calculate the area of the region bounded by the curve and the x-axis. [5 marks]

11. Using the substitution y = x+

1

x

, express f(x) = x

3

−4x−6−

4

x

+

1

x

3

as a polynomial in y. [3 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd all the real roots of the equation f(x) = 0. [10 marks]

12. Find the coordinates of the stationary points on the curve y =

x

3

x

2

−1

and determine their nature.

[10 marks]

Sketch the curve. [4 marks]

Determine the number of real roots of the equation x

3

= k(x

2

− 1), where k ∈ R, when k varies.

[3 marks]

14

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

STPM 2008

1. The function f and g are deﬁned by

f : x →

1

x

, x ∈ R \ {0};

g : x → 2x −1, x ∈ R

Find f ◦ g and its domain. [4 marks]

2. Show that

3

2

(x −2)

2

x

2

dx =

5

3

+ 4 ln

2

3

. [4 marks]

3. Using deﬁnitions, show that, for any sets A, B and C,

A∩ (B ∪ C) ⊂ (A∩ B) ∪ (A∩ C)

[5 marks]

4. If z is a complex number such that |z| = 1, ﬁnd the real part of

1

1 −z

. [6 marks]

5. The polynomial p(x) = 2x

3

+ 4x

2

+

1

2

x −k has factor (x + 1).

(a) Find the value of k. [2 marks]

(b) Factorise p(x) completely. [4 marks]

6. If y =

sin x −cos x

sin x + cos x

, show that

d

2

y

dx

2

= 2y

dy

dx

. [6 marks]

7. Matrix A is given by A =

¸

1 0 0

1 −1 0

1 −2 1

¸

.

(a) Show that A

2

= I, where I is the 3 ×3 identity matrix, and deduce A

−1

. [4 marks]

(b) Find matrix B which satisﬁes BA =

¸

1 4 3

0 2 1

−1 0 2

¸

. [4 marks]

8. The lines y = 2x and y = x intersect the curve y

2

+ 7xy = 18 at points A and B respectively, where

A and B lie in the ﬁrst quadrant.

(a) Find the coordinates of A and B. [4 marks]

(b) Calculate the perpendicular distance of A to OB, where O is the origin. [2 marks]

(c) Find the area of the OAB triangle. [3 marks]

9. Find the solution set of the inequality

4

x −1

> 3 −

3

x

. [10 marks]

10. Show that the gradient of the curve y =

x

x

2

−1

is always decreasing. [3 marks]

15

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

Determine the coordinates of the point of inﬂexion of the curve, and state the intervals for which the

curve is concave upwards. [5 marks]

Sketch the curve. [3 marks]

11. Sketch, on the same coordinate axes, the curves y = 6 − e

x

and y = 5e

−x

, and ﬁnd the coordinates

of the points of intersection. [7 marks]

Calculate the area of the region bounded by the curves. [4 marks]

Calculate the volume of the solid formed when the region is rotated through 2π radians about the

x-axis. [5 marks]

12. At the beginning of this year, Mr. Liu and Miss Dora deposited RM10 000 and RM2000 respectively

in a bank. They receive an interest of 4% per annum. Mr Liu does not make any additional deposit

nor withdrawal, whereas, Miss Dora continues to deposit RM2000 at the beginning of each of the

subsequent years without any withdrawal.

(a) Calculate the total savings of Mr. Liu at the end of n-th year. [3 marks]

(b) Calculate the total savings of Miss Dora at the end of n-th year. [7 marks]

(c) Determine in which year the total savings of Miss Dora exceeds the total savings of Mr. Liu.

[5 marks]

16

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

STPM 2009

1. Determine the set of values of x satisfying the inequality

x

x + 1

≥

1

x + 1

. [4 marks]

2. Given x > 0 and f(x) =

√

x, ﬁnd lim

h→0

f(x) −f(x +h)

h

. [4 marks]

3. For the geometric series 6 + 3 +

3

2

+. . ., obtain the smallest value of n if the diﬀerence between the

sum of the ﬁrst n + 4 terms and the sum of the ﬁrst n terms is less than

45

64

. [6 marks]

4. The line y +x+3 = 0 is a tangent to the curve y = px

2

+qx, where p = 0 at the point x = −1. Find

the values of p and q. [6 marks]

5. Given that

log

a

(3x −4a) + log

a

3x =

2

log

2

a

+ log

a

(1 −2a),

where 0 < a <

1

2

, ﬁnd x. [7 marks]

6. Using an appropriate substitution, evaluate

1

0

x

2

(1 −x)

1

3

dx. [7 marks]

7. The parametric equations of a straight line l are given by x = 4t −2 and y = 3 −3t.

(a) Show that the point A(1,

3

4

) lies on line l, [2 marks]

(b) Find the Cartesian equation of line l, [2 marks]

(c) Given that line l cuts the x and y-axes at P and Q respectively, ﬁnd the ratio PA : AQ.[4 marks]

8. Find the values of x if y = |3 −x| and 4y −(x

2

−9) = −24. [9 marks]

9. (a) The matrices P, Q and R are given by

P =

¸

1 5 6

2 −2 4

1 −3 2

¸

, Q =

¸

−13 −50 −33

−1 −6 −5

7 20 15

¸

, R =

¸

4 7 −13

1 −5 −1

−2 1 11

¸

.

Find the matrices PQ and PQR and hence, deduce (PQ)

−1

. [5 marks]

(b) Using the result in (a), solve the system of linear equations

6x + 10y + 8z = 4500

x − 2y + z = 0

x + 2y + 3z = 1080

. [5 marks]

10. A curve is deﬁned by the parametric equations

x = t −

2

t

and y = 2t +

1

t

where t = 0.

17

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

(a) Show that

dy

dx

= 2 −

5

t

2

+ 2

, and hence, deduce that −

1

2

<

dy

dx

< 2. [8 marks]

(b) Find the coordinates of points when

dy

dx

=

1

3

. [3 marks]

11. Given a curve y = x

2

−4 and straight line y = x −2,

(a) sketch, on the same coordinates axes, the curve and the straight line, [2 marks]

(b) determine the coordinate of their points of intersection, [2 marks]

(c) calculate the area of the region R bounded by the curve and the straight line, [4 marks]

(d) ﬁnd the volume of the solid formed when R is rotated through 360

◦

about the x-axis. [5 marks]

12. The polynomial p(x) = 6x

4

− ax

3

− bx

2

+ 28x + 12, where a and b are real constants, has factors

(x + 2) and (x −2).

(a) Find the values of a and b, and hence, factorise p(x) completely. [7 marks]

(b) Give that p(x) = (2x−3)[q(x) −41+3x

3

], ﬁnd q(x), and determine its range when x ∈ [−2, 10].

[8 marks]

18

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

STPM 2010

1. Solve the following simultaneous equations:

log

3

(xy) = 5 and log

9

x

2

y

= 2.

[4 marks]

2. Given that u =

1

2

(e

x

+e

−x

), where x > 0 and y = f(u) is a diﬀerentiable function f. If

dy

du

=

1

√

u

2

−1

,

show that

dy

dx

= 1. [5 marks]

3. Determine the set of values of x such that the geometric series e

−x

+ e

−2x

+ e

−3x

+ . . . converges.

Find the exact value of x if the sum to inﬁnity of the series is 3. [6 marks]

4. Given that f(x) = xln x, where x > 0. Find f

(x), and hence, determine the value of

2e

e

ln xdx.

[6 marks]

5. Let A−B denotes a set of elements which belongs to set A, but does not belong to set B. Without

using Venn diagram, show that A−B = A∩ B

. [3 marks]

Hence, prove that (A∪ B

) −(B ∩ C) = B

∪ (A−C). [4 marks]

6. The graph of a function f is as follows:

(a) State the domain and range of f. [2 marks]

(b) State whether f is a one-to-one function or not. Give a reason for your answer. [2 marks]

(c) Determine whether f is continuous or not at x = −1. Give a reason for your answer. [3 marks]

7. The polynomial p(x) = 2x

4

− 7x

3

+ 5x

2

+ ax + b, where a and b are real constants, is divisible by

2x

2

+x −1.

(a) Find a and b. [4 marks]

(b) For these values of a and b, determine the set of values of x such that p(x) ≤ 0. [4 marks]

8. Given f(x) =

x

3

−3x −4

(x −1)(x

2

+ 1)

,

19

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

(a) ﬁnd the constants A, B, C and D such that f(x) = A+

B

x −1

+

Cx +D

x

2

+ 1

, [5 marks]

(b) when x is suﬃciently small such that x

4

and higher powers can be neglected, show that f(x) ≈

4 + 7x + 3x

2

−x

3

. [4 marks]

9. Sketch, on the same coordinate axes, the graphs y = e

−x

and y =

4

2 −x

. Show that the equation

x + 4e

x

= 2 has a root in the interval [-1,0]. [6 marks]

Estimate the root correct to three decimal places by using Newton-Raphson method with initial

estimate x

0

= −0.4. [5 marks]

10. A circle C

1

passes through the points (-6, 0), (2, 0) and (-2, 8).

(a) Find the equation of C

1

. [4 marks]

(b) Determine the coordinates of the centre and the radius of C

1

. [2 marks]

(c) If C

2

is the circle (x −4)

2

+ (y −11)

2

= 25,

i. ﬁnd the distance between the centres of the two circles, [2 marks]

ii. ﬁnd the coordinates of the point of intersection of C

1

with C

2

. [3 marks]

11. The functions f and g are deﬁned by

f : x → x

3

−3x + 2, x ∈ R.

g : x → x −1, x ∈ R.

(a) Find h(x) = (f ◦ g)(x), and determine the coordinates of the stationary points of h. [5 marks]

(b) Sketch the graph of y = h(x). [2 marks]

(c) On a separate diagram, sketch the graph of y =

1

h(x)

. [3 marks]

Hence, determine the set of values of k such that the equation

1

h(x)

= k has

i. one root, [1 marks]

ii. two roots, [1 marks]

iii. three roots. [1 marks]

12. Matrix P is given by P =

¸

1 2 1

2 1 3

2 −1 −1

¸

.

(a) Find the determinant and adjoint of P. Hence, ﬁnd P

−1

. [6 marks]

(b) A factory assembles three types of toys Q, R and S. The total time taken to assemble one unit

of R and one unit of S exceeds the time taken to assemble two units of Q by 8 minutes. One

unit of Q, two units of R and one unit of S take 31 minutes to be assembled. The time taken

to assemble two units of Q, one unit of R and three units of S is 48 minutes.

If x, y and z represent the time, in minutes, taken to assemble each unit of toys Q, R and S

respectively,

i. write a system of linear equations to represent the above information, [2 marks]

ii. using the results in (a), determine the time taken to assemble each type of toy. [5 marks]

20

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong

2 PAPER 2 QUESTIONS

21

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

STPM 2002

1. Position vectors of the points P and Q relative to the origin O are 2i and 3i + 4j respectively. Find

the angle between vector

−−→

OP and vector

−−→

OQ. [4 marks]

2. Points A and B are on the side XY of triangle XY Z with XA = AB = BY . Points C and D are on

the sides Y Z and XZ respectively such that ABCD is a rhombus. Prove that ∠XZY = 90

◦

.[6 marks]

3. The points P, Q, R, S are on the circumference of a circle, such that ∠PQR = 80

◦

and ∠RPS = 30

◦

as shown in the diagram below. The tangent to the circle at P and the chord RS which is produced,

meet at T.

(a) Show that PR = PT. [3 marks]

(b) Show that the length of the chord RS is the same as the radius of the circle. [4 marks]

4. Express cos x +

√

3 sin x in the form r cos(x −α), with r > 0 and 0 < α <

π

2

. [4 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the value of x with 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π, which satisﬁes the inequality 0 < cos x +

√

3 sin x < 1.

[5 marks]

5. The rate of change of water temperature is described by the diﬀerential equation

dθ

dt

= −k(θ −θ

s

)

where θ is the water temperature at time t, θ

s

is the surrounding temperature, and k is a positive

constant.

A boiling water at 100

◦

C is left to cool in a kitchen that has a surrounding temperature of 25

◦

C.

The water takes 1 hour to decrease to the temperature of 75

◦

C. Show that k = ln

3

2

. [6 marks]

When the water reaches 50

◦

C, the water is placed in a freezer at −10

◦

C to be frozen to ice. Find the

time required, from the moment the water is put in the freezer until it becomes ice at 0

◦

C. [6 marks]

6. Wind is blowing with a speed of w from the direction of N θ

◦

W. When a ship is cruising eastwards

with a speed of u, the captain of ship found that the wind seemed to be blowing with a speed of v

1

,

from the direction N α

◦

W. When the ship is cruising north with a speed of u, the captain of the ship,

however, found that the wind seemed to be blowing with a speed of v

2

from the direction N β

◦

W.

(a) Draw the triangles of velocity of both situations. [4 marks]

(b) Show that tan θ =

tan α −1

1 −cot β

. [7 marks]

(c) Express v

2

2

−v

2

1

in terms of u, w and θ. [2 marks]

7. Three balls are selected at random from one blue ball, three red balls and six white balls. Find the

probability that all the three balls selected are of the same color. [3 marks]

22

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

8. The table below shows the number of defective electronic components per lot for 500 lots that have

been tested.

Numbers of defective

components per lot

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 or more

Relative frequency 0.042 0.054 0.392 0.318 0.148 0.014 0.032

(a) State the mode and the median number of defective electronic components per lot. [2 marks]

(b) For the lots with defective components of more than 5, the mean number of defective components

per lot is 6.4. Find the mean number of defective electronic components per lot for the given

500 lots. [2 marks]

9. Two percent of the bulb produced by a factory are not usable. Find the smallest number of bulbs

that must be examined so that the probability of obtaining at least one non-usable bulb exceeds 0.5.

[6 marks]

10. The number of teenagers, according to age, that patronize a recreation centre for a certain period of

time is indicated in the following table.

Age in Years Number of teenagers

12 - 4

13 - 10

14 - 27

15 - 110

16 - 212

17 - 238

18 - 149

[ Age 12 - means age 12 and more but less than 13 years ]

(a) Display the above data using histogram. [3 marks]

(b) Find the median and semi-interquartile range for the age of teenagers who patronize the recre-

ation centre. Give your answer to the nearest months. [7 marks]

11. The mass of yellow water melon produced by a farmer is normally distributed with a mean of 4 kg

and a standard deviation of 800 g. The mass of red water melon produced by the farmer is normally

distributed with a mean of 6 kg and a standard deviation of 1 kg.

(a) Find the probability that the mass of a red water melon, selected at random, is less than 5 kg.

Hence, ﬁnd the probability that a red water melon with mass less than 5 kg has mass less than

4 kg. [5 marks]

(b) If Y = M −2K, where M represents the mass of a red water melon and K the mass of a yellow

water melon, determine the mean and variance of Y .

Assuming that Y is normally distributes, ﬁnd the probability that the mass of a red water melon

selected at random is more than twice the mass of yellow water melon selected at random.[6 marks]

12. Continuous random variable X is deﬁned in the interval 0 to 4, with

P(X > x) =

1 −ax, 0 ≤ x ≤ 3,

b −

1

2

x, 3 < x ≤ 4,

with a and b as constants,

(a) Show that a =

1

6

and b = 2. [3 marks]

23

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002

(b) Find the cumulative distribution function of X and sketch its graph. [4 marks]

(c) Find the probability density function of X. [2 marks]

(d) Calculate the mean and standard deviation of X. [6 marks]

24

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

STPM 2003

1. Let u = cos φi + sin φj and v = cos θ i + sin θ j, where i and j are perpendicular unit vectors. Show

that

1

2

|u −v| = sin

1

2

(φ −θ). [5 marks]

2. Vertices B and C of the triangle ABC lie on the circumference of a circle. AB and AC cut the

circumference of the circle at X and Y respectively. Show that ∠CBX +∠CY X = 180

◦

. [3 marks]

If AB = AC, show that BC is parallel to XY . [3 marks]

3. The diagram below shows two circles ABRP and ABQS which intersect at A and B. PAQ and

RAS are straight lines. Prove that the triangles RPB and SQB are similar. [7 marks]

4. A force of magnitude 2p N acts along the line OA and a force of magnitude 10 N acts along the line

OB. The angle between OA and OB is 120

◦

. The resultant force has magnitude

√

3p N. Calculate

the value of p and determine the angle between the resultant force and OA. [8 marks]

5. Starting from the formulae for sin(A+B) and cos(A+B), prove that tan(A+B) =

tan A+ tan B

1 −tan Atan B

.

[3 marks]

If 2x +y =

π

4

, show that

tan y =

1 −2 tan x −tan

2

x

1 + 2 tan x −tan

2

x

.

By substituting x =

π

8

, show that tan

π

8

=

√

2 −1. [6 marks]

6. The rate of increase in the number of a species of ﬁsh in a lake is described by the diﬀerential equation

dP

dt

= (a −b)P,

where P is the number of ﬁsh at time t weeks, a is the rate of reproduction, and b is the mortality

rate, with a and b as constants.

(a) Assuming that P = P

0

at time t = 0 and a > b, solve the above diﬀerential equation and sketch

its solution curve. [7 marks]

(b) At a certain instant, there is an outbreak of an epidemic of a disease. The epidemic results in

no more oﬀspring of the ﬁsh being produced and the ﬁsh die at a rate directly proportional to

1

P

. There are 900 ﬁsh before the outbreak of the epidemic and only 400 ﬁsh are alive after 6

weeks. Determine the length of time from the outbreak of the epidemic until all the ﬁsh of that

species die. [9 marks]

25

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003

7. The probability of a person allergic to a type of anaesthetic is 0.002. A total of 2000 persons are

injected with the anaesthetic. Using a suitable approximate distribution, calculate the probability

that more than two persons are allergic to the anaesthetic. [5 marks]

8. Tea bags are labelled as containing 2 g of tea powder. In actual face, the mass of tea powder per bag

has mean 2.05 g and standard deviation 0.05 g. Assuming that the mass of tea powder of each bag

is normally distributed, calculate the expected number of tea bags which contain 1.95 g to 2.10 g of

tea powder in a box of 100 tea bags. [5 marks]

9. A factory has 36 male workers and 64 female workers, with 10 male workers earning less than

RM1000.00 a month and 17 female workers earning at least RM1000.00 a month. At the end of

the year, workers earning less than RM1000.00 are given a bonus of RM1000.00 whereas the others

receive a month’s salary.

(a) If two workers are randomly chosen, ﬁnd the probability that exactly one worker receives a

bonus of one month’s salary. [3 marks]

(b) If a male worker and a female worker are randomly chosen, ﬁnd the probability that exactly one

worker receives a bonus of one month’s salary. [3 marks]

10. Show that, for the numbers x

1

, x

2

, x

3

, . . . , x

n

with mean ¯ x,

¸

(x − ¯ x)

2

=

¸

x

2

−n¯ x

2

.

[2 marks]

The numbers 4, 6, 12, 5, 7, 9, 5, 11, p, q, where p < q, have mean ¯ x = 6.9 and

¸

(x − ¯ x)

2

= 102.9.

Calculate the values of p and q. [6 marks]

11. The number of ships which anchor at a port every week for 26 particular weeks are as follows.

32 28 43 21 35 19 25 45 35 32 18 26 30

26 27 38 42 18 37 50 46 23 40 20 29 46

(a) Display the data in a stemplot. [2 marks]

(b) Find the median and interquartile range. [4 marks]

(c) Draw a boxplot to represent the data. [3 marks]

(d) State the shape of the frequency distribution. Give a reason for your answer. [2 marks]

12. The lifespan of a species of plant is a random variable T (tens of days). The probability density

function is given by

f(t) =

1

8

e

−

1

8

t

, t > 0,

0, otherwise.

(a) Find the cumulative distribution function of T and sketch its graph. [6 marks]

(b) Find the probability, to three decimal places, that a plant of that species randomly chosen has

a lifespan of more than 20 days. [3 marks]

(c) Calculate the expected lifespan of that species of plant. [5 marks]

26

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

STPM 2004

1. Express cos θ + 3 sin θ in the form r cos(θ −α), where r > 0 and 0

◦

< α < 90

◦

. [4 marks]

2. Find all values of x, where 0

◦

< x < 360

◦

, which satisfy the equation tan x+4 cot x = 4 sec x.[5 marks]

3. The variables t and x are connected by

dx

dt

= 2t(x −1),

where x = 1. Find x in terms of t if x = 2 when t = 1. [5 marks]

4. The points S and T are midpoints of the sides AB and AD respectively of a parallelogram ABCD.

The lines CS and CT cut the diagonal BD at the points U and V respectively.

Show that

−−→

BU = λ

−−→

BC + λ

−−→

CD and

−−→

BU = (1 − µ)

−−→

BC +

1

2

µ

−−→

CD also where λ and µ are constants.

Hence, show that

−−→

BU =

1

3

−−→

BD. [6 marks]

Deduce that the lines CS and CT trisect the diagonal BD. [3 marks]

5. The diagram below shows two isosceles triangles ABC and ADE which have bases AB and AD

respectively. Each triangle has base angles measuring 75

◦

, with BC and DE parallel and equal in

length. Show that

(a) ∠DBC = ∠BDE = 90

◦

, [4 marks]

(b) the triangle ACE is an equilateral triangle, [4 marks]

(c) the quadrilateral BCED is a square. [4 marks]

6. A canal of width 2a has parallel straight banks and the water ﬂows due north. The points A and B

are on opposite banks and B is due east of A, with the point O as the midpoint of AB. The x-axis

and y-axis are taken in the east and north directions respectively with O as the origin. The speed of

the current in the canal, v

c

, is given by

v

c

= v

0

1 −

x

2

a

2

,

where v

0

is the speed of the current in the middle of the canal and x is the distance eastwards from

the middle of the canal. A swimmer swims from A towards the east at speed v

r

relative to the

current in the canal. Taking y to denote the distance northwards travelled by the swimmer, show

that

dy

dx

=

v

0

v

r

1 −

x

2

a

2

. [3 marks]

If the width of the canal is 12 m, the speed of the current in the middle of the canal is 10 m s

−1

and

the speed of the swimmer is 2 m s

−1

relative to the current in the canal,

27

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

(a) ﬁnd the distance of the swimmer from O when he is at the middle of the canal and his distance

from B when he reaches the east bank of the canal, [7 marks]

(b) sketch the actual path taken by the swimmer. [3 marks]

7. A type of seed is sold in packets which contain ten seeds each. On the average, it is found that a

seed per packet does not germinate. Find the probability that a packet chosen at random contains

less than two seeds which do not germinate. [4 marks]

8. The continuous random variable X has the probability density function

f(x) =

4

27

x

2

(3 −x), 0 < x < 3,

0, otherwise.

(a) Calculate P

X <

3

2

. [3 marks]

(b) Find the cumulative distribution function of X. [3 marks]

9. Two transistors are chosen at random from a batch of transistors containing ninety good and ten

defective ones.

(a) Find the probability that at least one out of the two transistors chosen is defective. [3 marks]

(b) If at least one out of the two transistors chosen is defective, ﬁnd the probability that both

transistors are defective. [4 marks]

10. The lifespan of an electrical instrument produced by a manufacturer is normally distributed with a

mean of 72 months and a standard deviation of 15 months.

(a) If the manufacturer guarantees that the lifespan of an electrical instrument is at least 36 months,

calculate the percentage of the electrical instruments which have to be replaced free of charge.

[4 marks]

(b) If the manufacturer speciﬁes that less than 0.1% of the electrical instruments have to be replaced

free of charge, determine the greatest length of the guarantee period correct to the nearest month.

[5 marks]

11. The discrete random variable X has the probability function

P(X = x) =

k(4 −x)

2

, x = 1, 2, 3,

0, otherwise

where k is a constant.

(a) Determine the value of k and tabulate the probability distribution of X. [3 marks]

(b) Find E(7X −1) and Var(7X −1). [7 marks]

12. The following data show the masses, in kg, of ﬁsh caught by 22 ﬁshermen on a particular day.

23 48 51 25 39 37 41 38 37 20 88

69 22 42 46 23 52 41 40 59 68 59

(a) Display the above data in an ordered stemplot. [2 marks]

(b) Find the mean and standard deviation. [5 marks]

28

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004

(c) Find the median and interquartile range. [4 marks]

(d) Draw a boxplot to represent the above data. [3 marks]

(e) State whether the mean or the median is more suitable as a representative value of the above

data. Justify your answer. [2 marks]

29

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005

STPM 2005

1. The diagram below shows two intersecting circles AXY B and CBOX, where O is the centre of the

circle AXY B. AXC and BY C are straight lines. Show that ∠ABC = ∠BAC. [5 marks]

2. In the triangle ABC, the point P lies on the side AC such that ∠BPC = ∠ABC. Show that the

triangles BPC and ABC are similar. [3 marks]

If AB = 4 cm, AC = 8 cm and BP = 3 cm, ﬁnd the area of the triangle BPC. [4 marks]

3. Using the substitution y =

v

x

2

, show that the diﬀerential equation

dy

dx

+ y

2

= −

2y

x

may be reduced

to

dv

dx

= −

v

2

x

2

. [3 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the general solution of the original diﬀerential equation. [4 marks]

4. In the tetrahedron ABCD, AB = BC = 10 cm, AC = 8

√

2 cm, AD = CD = 8 cm and BD = 6 cm.

Show that the line from C perpendicular to AB and the line from D perpendicular to AB meet at a

point on AB. Hence, calculate the angle between the face ABC and the face ABD. [8 marks]

5. Show that

d

dx

(ln tan x) =

2

sin 2x

. [2 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the solution of the diﬀerential equation

(sin 2x)

dy

dx

= 2y(1 −y)

for which y =

1

3

when x =

1

4

π. Express y explicitly in terms of x in your answer. [8 marks]

6. The points P and Q lie on the diagonals BD and DF respectively of a regular hexagon ABCDEF

such that

BP

BD

=

DQ

DF

= k.

Express

−−→

CP and

−−→

CQ in terms of k, a and b, where

−−→

AB = a and

−−→

BC = b. [7 marks]

If the points C, P and Q lie on a straight line, determine the value of k. Hence, ﬁnd CP : PQ.

[7 marks]

7. The mass of a small loaf of bread produced in a bakery may be modelled by a normal random variable

with mean 303 g and standard deviation 4 g. Find the probability that a randomly chosen loaf has

a mass between 295 g and 305 g. [3 marks]

8. A four-digit number, in the range 0000 to 9999 inclusive, is formed. Find the probability that

(a) the number begins or ends with 0, [3 marks]

30

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005

(b) the number contains exactly two non-zero digits. [3 marks]

9. A computer accessories distributor obtains its supply of diskettes from manufacturers A and B, with

60% of the diskettes from manufacturer A. The diskettes are packed by the manufacturers in packets

of tens. The probability that a diskette produced by manufacturer A is defective is 0.05 whereas the

probability that a diskette produced by manufacturer B is defective is 0.02. Find the probability that

a randomly chosen packet contains exactly one defective diskette. [7 marks]

10. The continuous random variable X has probability density function

f(x) =

1

25

(1 −2x), −2 ≤ x ≤

1

2

3

25

(2x −1),

1

2

≤ x ≤ 3

0, otherwise.

(a) Sketch the graph of y = f(x). [2 marks]

(b) Given that P(0 ≤ X ≤ k) =

13

100

, determine the value of k. [6 marks]

11. The probability distribution function of the discrete random variable Y is

P(Y = y) =

y

5050

, y = 1, 2, 3, . . . , 100.

(a) Show that E(Y ) = 67 and ﬁnd Var(Y ). [5 marks]

(b) Find P(|Y −E(Y )| ≤ 30). [4 marks]

12. Overexposure to a certain metal dust at the workplace of a factory is detrimental to the health of

its workers. The workplace is considered safe if the level of the metal dust is less than 198 µg m

−3

.

The level of the metal dust at the workplace is recorded at a particular time of day for a period of

90 consecutive working days. The results are summarised in the table below.

Metal dust level (µg m

−3

) Number of days

170 - 174 8

175 - 179 11

180 - 184 25

185 - 189 22

190 - 194 15

195 - 199 7

200 - 204 2

(a) State what the number 11 in the table means. [1 marks]

(b) Calculate estimates of the mean and standard deviation of the levels of the metal dust. [5 marks]

(c) Plot a cumulative frequency curve of the above data. Hence, estimate the median and the

interquartile range. [7 marks]

(d) Find the percentage of days for which the workplace is considered unsafe. [3 marks]

31

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

STPM 2006

1. Express 4 sin θ − 3 cos θ in the form Rsin(θ − α), where R > 0 and 0

◦

< α < 90

◦

. Hence, solve the

equation 4 sin θ −3 cos θ = 3 for 0

◦

< α < 360

◦

. [6 marks]

2. If the angle between the vectors a =

4

8

and b =

1

p

is 135

◦

, ﬁnd the value of p. [6 marks]

3. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation x

dy

dx

= y

2

−y −2. [6 marks]

4. The points P, Q, and R are the midpoints of the sides BC, CA and AB respectively of the triangle

ABC. The lines AP and BQ meet at the point G, where AG = mAP and BG = nBQ.

(a) Show that

−→

AG =

1

2

m

−−→

AB+

1

2

m

−→

AC and

−→

AG = (1 −n)

−−→

AB+

1

2

−→

AC. Deduce that AG =

2

3

AP and

BG =

2

3

BQ. [6 marks]

(b) Show that CR meets AP and BQ at G, where CG =

2

3

CR. [3 marks]

5. Prove that an exterior angle of a cyclic quadrilateral is equal to the opposite interior angle. [3 marks]

In the above diagram, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. The lines AB and DC extended meet at the

point E and the lines AD and BC extended meet at the point F. Show that triangles ADE and

CBE are similar. [3 marks]

If DA = DE, ∠CFD = α and ∠BEC = 3α, determine the value of α. [4 marks]

6. A particle moves from rest along a horizontal straight line. At time t s, the displacement and velocity

of the particle are x m and v ms

−1

respectively and its acceleration, in ms

−2

, is given by

dv

dt

= sin(πt) −

√

3 cos(πt).

Express v and x in terms of t. [7 marks]

Find the velocities of the particle when its acceleration is zero for the ﬁrst and second times. Find

also the distance traveled by the particle between the ﬁrst and second times its acceleration is zero.

[7 marks]

32

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006

7. Two archers A and B take turns to shoot, with archer A taking the ﬁrst shot. The probabilities

of archers A and B hitting the bull’s-eye in each shot are

1

6

and

1

5

respectively. Show that the

probability of archer A hitting the bull-eye ﬁrst is

1

2

. [4 marks]

8. The probability that it rains in a certain area is

1

5

. The probability that an accident occurs at a

particular corner of a road in that area is

1

20

if it rains and

1

50

if it does not rain. Find the probability

that it rains if an accident occurs at the corner. [4 marks]

9. The independent Poisson random variables X and Y have parameters 0.5 and 3.5 respectively. The

random variable W is deﬁned by W = X −Y .

(a) Find E(W) and Var(W). [4 marks]

(b) Give one reason why W is not a Poisson random variable. [1 marks]

10. The probability that a heart patient survives after surgery in a country is 0.85.

(a) Find the probability that, out of ﬁve randomly chosen heard patients undergoing surgery, four

survive. [3 marks]

(b) Using a suitable approximate distribution, ﬁnd the probability that more than 160 survive after

surgery in a random sample of 200 heart patients. [6 marks]

11. The times taken by 22 students to breakfast are shown in the following table.

Time (x minutes) 2 ≤ x < 5 5 ≤ x < 8 8 ≤ x < 11 11 ≤ x < 14 14 ≤ x < 17 17 ≤ x < 20

Number of students 1 2 4 8 5 2

(a) Draw a histogram of the grouped data. Comment on the shape of frequency distribution.[4 marks]

(b) Calculate estimates of the mean, median, and mode of the breakfast times. Use your calculations

to justify your statement about the shape of the frequency distribution. [7 marks]

12. The continuous random variable X has probability density function

f(x) =

x −1

12

, 1 ≤ x ≤ b,

0, otherwise,

where b is a constant.

(a) Determine the value of b. [4 marks]

(b) Find the cumulative distribution function of X and sketch its graph. [5 marks]

(c) Calculate E(X). [6 marks]

33

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

STPM 2007

1. Find, in terms of π, all the values of x between 0 and π which satisﬁes the equation

tan x + cot x = 8 cos 2x.

[4 marks]

2. The triangle PQR lies in a horizontal plance, with Q due west of R. The bearings of P from Q and

R are θ and φ respectively, where θ and φ are acute. The top A of a tower PA is at height h above

the plane and the angle of elevation of A from R is α. The height of a vertical pole QB is k and the

angle of elevation of B from R is β. Show that

h =

k tan αcos θ

tan β sin(θ −φ)

.

[5 marks]

3. The position vectors of the points A, B, C and D,relative to an origin, are i+3j, −5i−3j, (x−3)i−6j

and (x + 3)i respectively.

(a) Show that, for any value of x, ABCD is a parallelogram. [3 marks]

(b) Determine the value of x for which ABCD is a rectangle. [4 marks]

4. The diagram below shows non-collinear points O, A and B, with P on the line OA such that OP :

PA = 2 : 1 and Q on the line AB such that AQ : QB = 2 : 3. The lines PQ and OB produced meet

at the point R. If

−→

OA = a and

−−→

OB = b,

O

R

A

P

B

Q

(a) show that

−−→

PQ = −

1

15

a +

2

5

b, [5 marks]

(b) ﬁnd the position vector of R, relative to O, in terms of b. [5 marks]

5. The diagram below shows two intersecting circles APQ and BPQ, where APB is a straight line.

The tangents at the points A and B meet at a point C. SHow that ACBQ is a cyclic quadrilateral.

[4 marks]

34

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

P

B

A

C

Q

If the lines AQ and CB are parallel and T is the point of intersection of AB and CQ, show that the

triangles ATQ and BTC are isosceles triangles. Hence, show that the areas of the triangles ATQ

and BTC are in the ratio AT

2

: BT

2

. [7 marks]

6. The variables x and y, where x > 0, satisfy the diﬀerential equation

x

2

dy

dx

= y

2

−xy.

Using the substitution y = ux, show that the given diﬀerential equation may be reduced to

x

du

dx

= u

2

−2u.

Hence, show that the general solution of the given diﬀerential equation may be expressed in the form

y =

2x

1 +Ax

2

, where A is an arbitrary constant. [10 marks]

Find the equation of the solution curve which passes through the point (1,4) and sketch this solution

curve. [4 marks]

7. There are eight parking bays in a row at a taxi stand. If one blue taxi, two red taxis and ﬁve yellow

taxis are parked there, ﬁnd the probability that two red taxis are parked next to each other.[3 marks]

[Assume that a taxi may be parked at any of the parking bays.]

8. The mean mark for a group of students taking a statistics test is 70.6. The mean marks for male

and female students are 68.5 and 72.0 respectively. Find the ratio of the number of male to female

students. [4 marks]

9. The random variable X is normally distributed with mean µ and standard deviation 100. It is known

that P(X > 1169) ≤ 0.117 and P(X > 879) ≥ 0.877. Determine the range of the values of µ.[7 marks]

10. Two events A and B are such that P(A) =

3

8

, P(B) =

1

4

and P(A|B) =

1

6

.

(a) Show that the events A and B are neither independent nor mutually exclusive. [2 marks]

(b) Find the probability that at least one of the events A and B occurs. [3 marks]

35

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007

(c) Find the probability that either one of the events A and B occurs. [4 marks]

11. The probability that a lemon sold in a fruit store is rotten is 0.02.

(a) If the lemons in the fruit store are packed in packets, determine the maximum number of lemons

per packet so that the probability that a packet chosen at random does not contain rotten lemons

is more than 0.85. [5 marks]

(b) If the lemons in the fruit store are packed in boxed each containing 60 lemons, ﬁnd, using a

suitable approximation, the probability that a box chosen at random contains less than three

rotten lemons. [5 marks]

12. The masses (in thousands of kg) of solid waste collected from a town for 25 consecutive days are as

follows:

41 53 44 55 48 57 50 38 53 50 43 56 51

48 33 46 55 49 50 52 47 39 51 49 52

(a) Construct a stemplot to represent the data. [2 marks]

(b) Find the median and interquartile range. [4 marks]

(c) Calculate the mean and standard deviation. [5 marks]

(d) Draw a boxplot to represent the data. [3 marks]

(e) Comment on the shape of the distribution and give a reason for your answer. [2 marks]

36

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

STPM 2008

1. Show that the substitution u = x

2

+y transforms the diﬀerential equation

(1 −x)

dy

dx

+ 2y + 2x = 0

into the diﬀerential equation

(1 −x)

du

dx

= −2u.

[3 marks]

2. In triangle ABC, the point X divides BC internally in the ratio m : n, where m+n = 1.

Express AX

2

in terms of AB, BC, CA, m and n. [5 marks]

3. If t = tan

θ

2

, show that sin θ =

2t

1 +t

2

and cos θ =

1 −t

2

1 +t

2

. [4 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the values of θ between 0

◦

and 360

◦

that satisfy the equation 10 sin θ−5 cos θ = 2.[3 marks]

4. The diagram below shows the circumscribed circle of the triangle ABC.

T

B

R

A

C Q

P

The tangent to the circle at A meets the line BC extended to T. The angle bisector of the angle

ATB cuts AC at P, AB at Q and the circle at R. Show that

(a) triangles APT and BQT are similar, [4 marks]

(b) PT · BT = QT · AT, [2 marks]

(c) AP = AQ. [4 marks]

5. The position vectors of the points A, B and C, with respect to the origin O, are a, b and c respectively.

The points L, M, P and Q are the midpoints of OA, BC, OB, and AC respectively.

(a) Show that the position vector of any point on the line LM is

1

2

a+

1

2

λ(b+c−a) for some scalar

λ, and express the position vector of any point on the line PQ in terms of a, b and c. [6 marks]

(b) Find the position vector of the point of intersection of the line LM and the line PQ. [4 marks]

6. A 50 litre tank is initially ﬁlled with 10 litres of brine solution containing 20 kg of salt. Starting from

time t = 0, distilled water is poured into the tank at a constant rate of 4 litres per minute. At the

same time, the mixture leaves the tank at a constant rate of

√

k litres per minute, where k > 0. The

time taken for overﬂow to occur is 20 minutes.

37

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

(a) Let Q be the amount of salt in the tank at time t minutes. Show that the rate of change of Q

is given by

dQ

dt

= −

Q

√

k

10 + (4 −

√

k)t

.

Hence, express Q in terms of t. [7 marks]

(b) Show that k = 4, and calculate the amount of salt in the tank at the instant overﬂow occurs.

[6 marks]

(c) Sketch the graph of Q against t for 0 ≤ t ≤ 20. [2 marks]

7. There are 12 towels, two of which are red. If ﬁve towels are chosen at random, ﬁnd the probability

that at least one is red. [4 marks]

8. The random variable X has a binomial distribution with parameters n = 500 and p =

1

2

. Using a

suitable approximate distribution, ﬁnd P(|X −E(X)| ≤ 25). [6 marks]

9. In a basket of mangoes and papayas, 70% of mangoes and 60% of papayas are ripe. If 40% of the

fruits in the basket are mangoes,

(a) ﬁnd the percentage of the fruits which are ripe, [3 marks]

(b) ﬁnd the percentage of the ripe fruits which are mangoes. [4 marks]

10. A sample of 100 fuses, nominally rated at 13 amperes, are tested by passing increasing electric current

through them. The current at which they blow are recorded and the following cumulative frequency

table is obtained.

Currents (amperes) Cumulative frequency

<10 0

<11 8

<12 30

<13 63

<14 88

<15 97

<16 99

<17 100

Calculate the estimates of the mean, median and mode. Comment on the distribution. [8 marks]

11. The continuous random variable X has probability density function

f(x) =

0, x < 0,

5

4

−x, 0 ≤ x < 1,

1

4x

2

, x ≥ 1.

(a) Find the cumulative distribution function of X. [7 marks]

(b) Calculate the probability that at least one of two independent observed values of X is greater

than three. [4 marks]

12. A car rental shop has four cars to be rented out on a daily basis at RM50.00 per car. The average

daily demand for cars is four.

38

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008

(a) Find the probability that, on a particular day,

i. no cars are requested, [2 marks]

ii. at least four requests for cars are received. [2 marks]

(b) Calculate the expected daily income received from the rentals. [5 marks]

(c) If the shop wishes to have one more car, the additional cost incurred is RM20.00 per day.

Determine whether the shop should buy another car for rental. [5 marks]

39

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

STPM 2009

1. Find the values of x, where 0 ≤ x ≤ π, which satisfy the equation sin

3

xsec x = 2 tan x. [4 marks]

2. The circumscribed circle of the triangle JKL is shown in the diagram below.

The tangent to the circle at J meets the line KL extended to T. The angle bisector of the angle

JTK cuts JL and JK at U and V respectively. Show that JV = JU. [4 marks]

3. Find the particular solution of the diﬀerential equation

e

x

dy

dx

−y

2

(x + 1) = 0

for which y = 1 when x = 0. Hence, express y in terms of x. [7 marks]

4. A boat is travelling at a speed of 30 knots. A yacht is sailing northwards at a speed of 10 knots. At

1300 hours, the boat is 14 nautical miles to the north-east of the yacht.

(a) Determine the direction in which the boat should be travelling in order to intercept the yacht.

[3 marks]

(b) At what time does the interception occur? [4 marks]

5. A parallelogram ABCD with its diagonals meeting at the point O is shown in the diagram below.

AB is extended to P such that BP = AB. The line that passes through D and is parallel to AC

meets PC produced at point R and ∠CRD = 90

◦

.

(a) Show that the triangles ABD and BPC are congruent. [3 marks]

(b) Show that ABCD is a rhombus. [6 marks]

(c) Find the ratio CR : PC. [3 marks]

40

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

6. One of the rules at a training camp of 1000 occupants states that camp activities are to be suspended

if 10% of the occupants are infected with a virus. A trainee infected with a ﬂu virus enrolls in the

camp causing an outbreak of ﬂu. The rate of increase of the number of infected occupants x at t

days is given by diﬀerential equation

dx

dt

= kx(1000 −x),

where k is a constant.

Assume that the outbreak of ﬂu begins at the time the infected trainee enrolls and no one leaves the

camp during the outbreak,

(a) Show that x =

1000e

1000kt

999 +e

1000kt

, [9 marks]

(b) Determine the value of k if it is found that, after one day, there are ﬁve infected occupants,

[3 marks]

(c) Determine the number of days before the camp activities will be suspended. [4 marks]

7. There are 20 doctors and 15 engineers attending a conference. The number of women doctors and

that of women engineers are 12 and 5 respectively. Four participants from this group are selected

randomly to chair some sessions of panel discussion.

(a) Find the probability that three doctors are selected. [2 marks]

(b) Given that two women are selected, ﬁnd the probability that both of them are doctors.[2 marks]

[4 marks]

8. The mean and standard deviation of Physics marks for 25 school candidates and 5 private candidates

are shown in the table below.

School candidates Private candidates

Number of candidates 25 5

Mean 55 40

Standard deviation 4 5

Calculate the overall mean and standard deviation of the Physics marks. [5 marks]

9. A discrete random variable X takes the values of 0, 1 and 2 with the probabilities of a, b and c

respectively. Given that E(X) =

4

3

and Var(X) =

5

9

, ﬁnd the values of a, b and c. [6 marks]

10. The independent random variable Y

i

, where i = 1, 2, . . . , n, takes the values of 0 and 1 with the

probabilities of q and p respectively, where q = 1 −p.

(a) Show that E(Y

i

) = p and Var(Y

i

) = pq. [3 marks]

(b) If X = Y

1

+ Y

2

+ . . . + Y

n

, determine E(X) and Var(X). Comment on the distribution of X.

[5 marks]

11. The number of hours spent in a library per week by arts and science students in a college is normally

distributed with mean 12 hours and standard deviation 5 hours for arts students, and mean 15 hours

and standard deviation 4 hours for science students.

A random sample of four arts students and six science students is chosen. Assuming that X is the

mean number of hours spent by these 10 students in a week,

(a) calculate E(X) and Var(X), [7 marks]

41

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009

(b) ﬁnd the probability that in a given week, the mean number of hours spent by this sample of

students is between 11 hours and 15 hours. [3 marks]

12. The time to repair a certain type of machine is a random variable X (in hours). The probability

density function is given by

f(x) =

0.01x −p, 10 ≤ x < 20,

q −0.01x, 20 ≤ x ≤ 30,

0, otherwise,

where p and q are constants.

(a) Show that p = 0.1 and q = 0.3. [6 marks]

(b) Find the probability that the repair work takes at least 15 hours. [4 marks]

(c) Determine the expected value of X. [4 marks]

(d) If the total cost of repair of the machine comprises a surcharge of RM500 and an hourly rate of

RM100, express the total cost of repair in terms of X, and determine the expected total cost of

repair. [3 marks]

42

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

STPM 2010

1. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation

1

x

dy

dx

=

2 ln x

cos y

.

[5 marks]

2. Express 5 sin θ + 12 cos θ in the form r sin(θ + α), where r > 0 and 0

◦

< α < 90

◦

. Hence, ﬁnd the

maximum and minimum values of the expression

1

5 sin θ + 12 cos θ + 15

.

[7 marks]

3. The diagram below shows a circle with centre O and tangents at points H and K meeting at the

point P. The diameter AB intersects the chord HK at the point Q. The points P, B, Q, O and A

lie on a straight line.

O

A

P

H

K

B

Q

Prove that

(a) PA+PB = 2PO, [3 marks]

(b) PH

2

= PA◦ PB. [4 marks]

4. Using the substitution y = vx, show that the diﬀerential equation

xy

dy

dx

−x

2

−y

2

= 0

may be reduced to

vx

dv

dx

= 1.

[3 marks]

Hence, ﬁnd the particular solution that satisﬁes y = 2 and x = 1. [6 marks]

43

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

5. The point K lies on the side AB of a square ABCD such that AK : KB = 3 : 2. The point L lies

on the AD such that BL and CK intersect perpendicularly at the point P. Show that

(a) ∠ABL = ∠BCP, [2 marks]

(b) the triangles ABL and BCK are congruent, [3 marks]

(c) the triangles KPB and BPC are similar, [2 marks]

(d) KP : PC = 4 : 25. [4 marks]

6. The position vectors of the points Q and R, relative to the origin O, are q and r respectively.

(a) Find an expression for the position vector of the point N which lies on the line QR such that

QN : NR = 3 : 2. [2 marks]

(b) The point P with position vector p, relative to O, is such that O is the midpoint of the line

PN. Prove that

5p + 2q + 3r = 0.

[2 marks]

(c) The point L lies on the line RP such that RL : LP = 5 : 3. Show that the points Q, O and L

are collinear, and ﬁnd QO : OL. [4 marks]

(d) The point M lies on the line PQ such that MOR is a straight line. Find PM : MQ. [5 marks]

7. The probability that it rains in a day is 0.25, and the probability that a student carries an umbrella

is 0.6. The probability that it rains or the student does not carry an umbrella is 0.5. If it rains on a

particular day, ﬁnd the probability that the student does not carry an umbrella. [4 marks]

8. The random variable X is normally distributed with mean 48 and standard deviation 10. Find the

least integer k such that P(|X −48| > k) < 0.3. [5 marks]

9. A discrete random variable X has cumulative distribution function

F(x) =

0, x < 1,

0.6, 1 ≤ x < 3,

0.9, 3 ≤ x < 5,

1, x ≥ 5.

(a) Construct the probability distribution table for X. [2 marks]

(b) Find the mean and variance of X. [4 marks]

10. The lifespan, in months, of a type of bulb is a random variable X. The probability density function

is given by

f(x) =

1

9

xe

−

x

3

, x ≥ 0,

0, x < 0.

(a) Find the cumulative distribution function of X, and hence, sketch the graph. [6 marks]

(b) Determine the probability that a randomly chosen bulb has a lifespan of more than 9 months.

[3 marks]

11. The probability that a chicken egg placed in an incubator fails to hatch is 0.01.

(a) Determine the maximum number of eggs that may be placed in the incubator so that the

probability that all the eggs hatch is more than 0.75. [6 marks]

44

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010

(b) Using a suitable approximate distribution, ﬁnd the probability that more than three out of 200

eggs fail to hatch. [5 marks]

12. Forty soil samples are collected from a certain area and tested for their pH values. The pH values

and the number of soil samples tested are given in the table below.

pH value Number of soil samples

4.0 - 4.5 1

4.5 - 5.0 3

5.0 - 5.5 5

5.5 - 6.0 9

6.0 - 6.5 11

6.5 - 7.0 7

7.0 - 7.5 3

7.5 - 8.0 1

(a) Construct the cumulative frequency table for this distribution, and plot the cumulative frequency

curve. [3 marks]

(b) Using the cumulative frequency curve, estimate the median and semi-interquartile range of the

distribution. [4 marks]

(c) The pH value of a sample is wrongly recorded as 5.8, while its actual value is 5.0. State whether

the wrong pH value aﬀects the median and semi-interquartile range. Justify your answers.

[2 marks]

(d) Another four soil samples are collected from the same area, and their pH values are found to be

greater than 8.0.

i. Out of the 44 samples, ﬁnd the percentage of samples which have a pH value greater than

7.0. [2 marks]

ii. Using the curve in (a), estimate the median of the 44 samples. State a reason why the same

curve is used. [2 marks]

45

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

Lee Kian Keong

1

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

2

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

Lee Kian Keong

STPM 2002

STPM 2002

1. The function f is deﬁned by f :x→ √ 1 3x + 1, x ∈ R, x ≥ − . 3

[4 marks]

Find f −1 and state its domain and range. d2 y dy when x = 0. and dx dx2

2. Given that y = e−x cos x, ﬁnd

[4 marks]

**3. Determine the values of a, b, and c so that the matrix 2b − 1 a2 b2 2a − 1 a bc b b + c 2c − 1 is a symmetric matrix. 3x − 1 √ dx. x+1
**

[5 marks]

4. By using suitable substitution, ﬁnd

[5 marks]

5. Determine the set of x such that the geometric series 1 + ex + e2x + . . . converges. Find the exact value of x so that the series converges to 2. [6 marks] √ √ √ 59 − 24 6 as p 2 + q 3 where p, q are integers. 1 as partial fraction. 4k 2 − 1

n

6. Express

[7 marks]

7. Express

[4 marks]

**Hence, ﬁnd a simple expression for Sn =
**

k=1

1 and ﬁnd lim Sn . n→∞ 4k 2 − 1

[4 marks]

8. Given that P QRS is a parallelogram where P (0, 9), Q(2, −5), R(7, 0) and S(a, b) are points on the plane. Find a and b. [4 marks] Find the shortest distance from P to QR and the area of the parallelogram P QRS. [6 marks] 9. Find the point of intersection of the curves y = −x2 + 3x and y = 2x3 − x2 − 5x. Sketch on the same coordinate system these two curves. [5 marks] 2 3 2 Calculate the area of the region bounded by the curve y = −x + 3x and y = 2x − x − 5x.[6 marks] −10 4 10. Matrices M and N are given as M = 15 −4 −5 1 9 2 −14 , and N = 4 6 1 3 3 2 4 1 4

Find MN and deduce N−1 . [4 marks] Products X, Y and Z are assembled from three components A, B and C according to diﬀerent proportions. Each product X consists of two components of A, four components of B, and one component of C; each product of Y consists of three components of A, three components of B, and two components of C; each product of Z consists of four components of A, one component of B, and four components of C. A total of 750 components of A, 1000 components of B, and 500 components

3

PAPER 1 QUESTIONS

Lee Kian Keong

STPM 2002

of C are used. With x, y and z representing the number of products of X, Y , and Z assembled, obtain a matrix equation representing the information given. [4 marks] Hence, ﬁnd the number of products of X, Y , and Z assembled. [4 marks] 11. Show that polynomial 2x3 − 9x2 + 3x + 4 has x − 1 as factor. Hence, (a) ﬁnd all the real roots of 2x6 − 9x4 + 3x2 + 4 = 0. (b) determine the set of values of x so that 2x − 9x + 3x + 4 < 12 − 12x. 12. Function f is deﬁned by f (x) = 2x . (x + 1)(x − 2)

3 2

[2 marks]

[5 marks] [6 marks]

Show that f (x) < 0 for all values of x in the domain of f . [5 marks] Sketch the graph of y = f (x). Determine if f is a one to one function. Give reasons to your answer.

[6 marks]

Sketch the graph of y = |f (x)|. Explain how the number of the roots of the equation |f (x)| = k(x−2) depends on k. [4 marks]

4

21 [3 marks] [6 marks] a 10. determine whether f is continuous at x = 1.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 STPM 2003 1. Find the set of values of x such that −2 < x3 − 2x2 + x − 2 < 0. x→1− x→1+ [6 marks] [7 marks] [4 marks] [3 marks] (b) Sketch the graph of f . Show that the equation 1+x 11. Express as a series of ascending powers of x up to the term in x3 . [6 marks] 5 . and hence ﬁnd (A + I) B. where I is the 3 × 3 identity matrix. 1 + 2x √ 1 . Determine the values of 2 a and b. The curve y = x(b − x). [8 marks] 1 1+x 2 8. ﬁnd the value of when y = 1.5 to estimate the root correct to three decimal places. ﬁnd all the real values of x and y. (b) Find (A + I)B. the graphs y = ex and y = (1 + x)ex − 2 = 0 has a root in the interval [0. dx π 6 [5 marks] [5 marks] 3. has a turning point at point (2. 1]. [4 marks] 2 . x > 1 (a) Find lim f (x) and lim f (x). If l2 intersects the x-axis √ and y-axis at the points Q and R respectively. Sketch. If y = ln xy. The straight line l1 which passes through the points A(4. ﬁnd 62 correct to four decimal places. [4 marks] Calculate the volume of the solid formed by revolving the region about the x-axis. show that P R : QR = 5 : 3. evaluate 0 cos θ dθ. 6. The matrix A is given by A = 3 0 2 1 1 −3 1 −2 [6 marks] [3 marks] (a) Find the matrix B such that B = A2 − 10I. x<1 f (x) = 3. Hence. x=1 2 + e − x. (3 + 2 sin θ)2 [5 marks] 4. 7. By taking x = 30 1 9. If (x + iy)2 = i. The function f is deﬁned by 1 + e x . where a = 0. 1). Using the substitution u = 3 + 2 sin θ. 4) intersects the y-axis at the point P . [4 marks] Calculate the area of the region bounded by the x-axis and the curve. on the same coordinate axes. Show that −1 is the only one real root of the equation x3 + 3x2 + 5x + 3 = 0. The straight line l2 is perpendicular to l1 and passes through B. 5. [7 marks] Use the Newton-Raphson method with the initial estimate x0 = 0. dy √ 2. 0) and B(2.

Express ur = 2 in partial fractions. 3r [9 marks] 6 . r2 1 1 1 1 . + 2r Using the result obtained. (a) show that u2 = − + 2 + + r r r r + 2 (r + 2)2 n [3 marks] [2 marks] ∞ ∞ (b) show that r=1 ur = 3 1 1 − − and determine the values of 2 n+1 n+2 ur and r=1 r=1 ur+1 + 1 .PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 12.

Using the sketch graphs of y = x3 and x + y = 1. The matrices P and Q. x [4 marks] [4 marks] 8. Show that 1 ln x dx = 1. ﬁnd A−1 . for any sets A and B.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 STPM 2004 e 1. 3. Sketch.0) and the distance of P from the origin is (x − 2)2 y2 8 units. solve the inequality 2 − x > 2 + 1 .[5 marks] 2 10. x 7. show that the equation x3 + x − 1 = 0 has only one real root and state the successive integers a and b such that the real root lies in the interval (a. b and c. ﬁnd the value of to ﬁve decimal places. √ [4 marks] 2. 3 [6 marks] Find the adjoint of A. [7 marks] 16 12 1 . Find the equation of the t 7 . Hence. y = −2 + . [5 marks] Find the real numbers m and n for which P = mQ + nI. Hence. The sum of the distance of the point P from the point (4. [4 marks] Use the Newton-Raphson method to ﬁnd the real root correct to three decimal places. determine whether f is x→2 continuous at x = 2. 9. Show that the locus of P is the ellipse + = 1 and sketch the ellipse. Matrix A is given by A = 5 1 3 4 2 4 1 . Using the laws of the algebra of sets. Expand (1 − x) 2 in ascending powers of x up to the term in x3 . where PQ = QP. the graphs of y = 2 − x and y = 2 + Hence. (A − B) ∪ (B − A) = (A ∪ B) − (A ∩ B) 1 7 correct [5 marks] [6 marks] 3 4. b). where I is the 3 × 3 identity matrix. The function f is deﬁned by x − 1. x ≥ 2 where a ∈ R. 5. show that. A curve is deﬁned by the parametric equations x = 1 − 2t. 0≤x<2 f (x) = x + 2 ax2 − 1. Find the value of a if lim f (x) exists. on the same coordinate axes. [6 marks] 6. are given by 2 −2 0 −1 P = 0 0 2 and Q = 0 a b c 0 [5 marks] 1 0 −2 0 −1 2 Determine the values of a. With this value of a.

[7 marks] The normal to the curve at the point A cuts the curve again at point B. −4).[7 marks] 8 . Find the coordinates of B. [5 marks] 1 2 [4 marks] Find the area of region bounded by the line y = x and the curve y = x. [5 marks] 3 (b) The sum of the ﬁrst n terms and the sum to inﬁnity of the geometric series 6 − 3 + − .001. the line y = x and the curve y 2 = x. . Sketch on the same coordinates axes. Determine the smallest value of n such that |Sn − S∞ | < 0. Find the common ratio and the ﬁrst term of the geometric series. are 2 Sn and S∞ respectively. . .PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 normal to the curve at the point A(3. is a(1 − rn ) [3 marks] 1−r (a) The sum of the ﬁrst ﬁve terms of a geometric series is 33 and the sum of the ﬁrst ten terms of the geometric series is -1023. . 2 Find the volume of the solid formed when the region is rotated through 2π radians about the y-axis. Prove that the sum of the ﬁrst n terms of a geometric series a + ar + ar2 + . Find the coordinates of 2 the points of intersection. [4 marks] 12. [4 marks] 1 11.

5 + 1. The functions f and g are given by f (x) = (a) State the domains of f and g. (b) Without using diﬀerentiation. the curves y = ex and y = 2 + 3e−x . [6 marks] 1 where x = 0. 8. ﬁnd the range of g. For the geometric series 7 + 3. x x 2 2 [6 marks] [1 marks] [4 marks] ex − e−x ex + e−x and g(x) = ex 2 + e−x [1 marks] [4 marks] [6 marks] 11. B and C B2 = C. ﬁnd the smallest value of n for which the diﬀerence between the sum of the ﬁrst n terms and the sum to inﬁnity is less than 0. Calculate the area of the region bounded by the y-axis and the curves. Show that A−1 = [3 marks] 2 −1 0 0 0 . [7 marks] 7. (c) For each of z1 and z2 . The point R divides the line joining the points P (3. [5 marks] 4. obtain an expansion of f (x) in ascending powers of 9 . ﬁnd the range of f . ﬁnd the shortest distance between the circle and the straight line.. The complex numbers z1 and z2 satisfy the equation z 2 = 2 − 2 3i. Sketch. and the argument in radians. (x + 2)(x − 3) 1 1 up to the term in 3 . 2) and Q(5. on the same coordinate axes. If y = cos x dy d2 y . Express f (x) = [5 marks] [6 marks] Hence. 1 If B = 0 1 [2 marks] [6 marks] are square matrices such that BA = B−1 and ABC = (AB)−1 .875 + . Find the solution set of inequality |x − 2| < [7 marks] 6. ﬁnd the modulus. A. ﬁnd C and A. (c) Show that f (x) + g(x) = 1. (b) Represent z1 and z2 in an Argand diagram.. Hence. Find the equation of the line passing through R and perpendicular to P Q. (a) Express z1 and z2 in the form a + bi.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005 STPM 2005 1. x 5. Using the laws of the algebra of sets. where a and b are real numbers.75 + 0. show that (A ∩ B) − (A ∩ B) = B [4 marks] 2. x dx dx [4 marks] 3.01. show that x 2 + 2 + xy = 0. Hence. 10. 1 [7 marks] √ 9. Find the perpendicular distance from the centre of the circle x2 + y 2 − 8x + 2y + 8 = 0 to the straight line 3x + 4y = 28.. x2 − x − 1 in partial fractions. where x = 0. 8) in the ratio 3 : 4.

Show that 0. [9 marks] 10 . is x x p. [5 marks] 1 1 The x-coordinate of the point of intersection of the curves y = x2 + and y = 2 .PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005 [2 marks] Determine the set of values of x for which this expansion is valid. Find the coordinates of the stationary point on the curve y = x2 + where x > 0. Use the Newton-Raphson method to determine the value of p correct to three decimal places and. where x > 0. ﬁnd the point of intersection. hence.5 < p < 1. give the xx coordinate and y-coordinate correct to three decimal places. 1 12. Determine whether the stationary point is a minimum point or a maximum point.

Hence. [7 marks] 11 . (x2 + 1)(2 − x) [4 marks] 10−Tn 5 7. where their centres lie on a straight line. C2 and C3 touching one another. If C1 and C2 have equations x2 + y 2 − 10x − 4y + 28 = 0 and x2 + y 2 − 16x + 4y + 52 = 0 respectively. evaluate 2 ∞ Un . [4 marks] k 3. evaluate 2x + 1 dx. If x is so small that x2 and higher powers of x may be neglected. If y = x ln(x + 1). Show that x2 + y 2 − 2ax − 2by + c = 0 is the equation of the circle with centre (a. b) and radius a2 + b2 − c. estimate the value of ln 2. Determine the values of k such that the determinant of the matrix 2k + 1 0 1 1 −3 k 3 2 is 0. [4 marks] 5.01 given that ln 2 = 0. Find the equation of C3 . show that [(A ∪ B) − (B ∪ C)] ∩ (A ∪ C) = ∅.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006 STPM 2006 1. Using trapezium rule.[4 marks] 2 4. B and C are constants. show that Un = (−2)2( 17 ) is the nth term of 2 a geometric progression. (x2 + 1)(2 − x) x +1 2−x 1 0 [6 marks] 6. B and C are arbitrary sets. ﬁnd an approximation for the increase in y when x increases by δx. show that (1 − x) 2 + x 2 10 [4 marks] ≈ 29 (2 − 7x). with ﬁve ordinates. n=1 [4 marks] 8. [4 marks] If Tn = 1 (17n − 14). [3 marks] C3 C1 C2 The above ﬁgure shows three circles C1 . evaluate 0 4 − x2 dx. If A. 2. Express [3 marks] Hence. The nth term of an arithmetic progression is Tn .6931. Ax + B C 2x + 1 in the form 2 + where A.

solve the equation 12y 4 − 8y 3 − 7y 2 + 2y + 1 = 0. (d) Find lim f (t). determine the values of a. If P = 1 −4 3 . (c) State the domain and range of h. where I is the 3 × 3 identity 11.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS 9. RM y and RM z respectively. g and h are deﬁned by f :x→ Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006 x . 12 . If the costs of a cup of tea. Find the values of a and b and factorise p(x) completely. b and c. obtain a matrix equation to represent the above information. Hence ﬁnd P−1 . show that f (t) < 0. [9 marks] 1 [3 marks] Using the substitution y = . (b) Find the composite function g ◦ f and state its domain and range. The function f is deﬁned by f (t) = (a) Find the value of f (0) (b) Show that f (t) > 0 (c) Show that k[1 − f (t) ] = 2f (t) and. x 5 2 3 a 1 −18 −1 12 and PQ = 2I. 4ekt + 1 [1 marks] [5 marks] 2 12. Q = b 3 1 2 −13 −1 c matrix.80. two cups of coﬀee and three glasses of fruit juice at a total cost of RM11. hence. x+1 g:x→ x+2 . Functions f . The polynomial p(x) = x4 + ax3 − 7x2 − 4ax + b has a factor x + 3 and when divided by x − 3. The ﬁrst group comprising ten workers have ﬁve cups of tea. t > 0. a cup of coﬀee and a glass of fruit juice are RM x. a cup of coﬀee and two glasses of fruit juice at a total cost of RM7. 10. x h:x→3+ 2 x [2 marks] [5 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] (a) State the domains of f and g. The second group of six workers have three cups of tea. t→∞ [6 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] (e) Sketch the graph of f . Give a reason for your answer. Hence determine the cost of each drink. [6 marks] 4ekt − 1 where k is a positive constant. [8 marks] Two groups of workers have their drinks at a stall. The cost of a cup of tea and three glasses of fruit juice is the same as the cost of four cups of coﬀee. (d) State whether h = g ◦ f .10. has remainder 60.

If loga [6 marks] 4. show that the locus of P is also a circle.7252525 . respectively. ex+1 [3 marks] [4 marks] 7. x2 + 2 x dx. Find the coordinates of the centre and radius of the circle. where x = 0 x2 + y 2 x2 + y 2 and y = 0. . Express the inﬁnite recurring decimal 0. 2 1+x dx x a2 = 3 loga 2 − loga (x − 2a). x + 1. |x| − 1. 2. B = −27 −13 1 2 −3 12 18 45 . [6 marks] 6. otherwise. 5 [5 marks] Find the matrix A2 B and deduce the inverse of A. If Q moves on a circle with centre (1. Find the constants A. 1) and radius 3. (a) 2( 7 + 3) (b) √ 2(1 + 3i) . express x in terms of a.725 (= 0.[4 marks] x dy . . show that x2 = (1 − x2 )y 2 . Simplify √ √ ( 7 − 3)2 √ √ .PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 STPM 2007 ˙˙ 1. (1 − 3i)2 [3 marks] [3 marks] 5. 9. If y = [[ marks]4 3. 13 . C and D such that 3x2 + 5x A B C D = + + + . −1 ≤ x < 1. The matrices A and B are given by −1 A = −3 0 2 1 −35 19 1 4 . ) as a fraction in its lowest terms. The coordinates of the points P and Q are (x. [4 marks] [4 marks] x→1 √ x→−1− x→−1+ lim f (x). The function f is deﬁned by f (x) = (a) Find lim f (x). where i = −1. Find (a) (b) x2 + x + 2 dx. y) and x y . (1 − x2 )(1 + x)2 1 − x 1 + x (1 + x)2 (1 + x)3 [8 marks] 8. lim− f (x) and lim+ f (x). x→1 (b) Determine whether f is continuous at x = −1 and x = 1. B.

−4). when k varies. The gradient of the tangent to a curve at any point (x. solve the system of linear equations x 3x − 2y − y y − z − 4z + 2z = −8. [10 marks] x3 and determine their nature.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 Hence. (a) ﬁnd the equation of the curve. where k ∈ R. [4 marks] 3 2 Determine the number of real roots of the equation x = k(x − 1). = −15. (b) sketch the curve. y) is given by the curve passes through the point (1. [5 marks] 10. [3 marks] x x x Hence. Find the coordinates of the stationary points on the curve y = x2 Sketch the curve. 1 1 4 11. dy 3x − 5 = √ . = 4. where x > 0. [3 marks] 14 . ﬁnd all the real roots of the equation f (x) = 0. Using the substitution y = x + . −1 [10 marks] 12. If dx 2 x [4 marks] [2 marks] [5 marks] (c) calculate the area of the region bounded by the curve and the x-axis. express f (x) = x3 − 4x − 6 − + 3 as a polynomial in y.

(a) Find the coordinates of A and B. where O is the origin. 4 3 >3− . If z is a complex number such that |z| = 1. If y = [6 marks] 1 7.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 STPM 2008 1. A ∩ (B ∪ C) ⊂ (A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C) [5 marks] 4. 3 1 . Find the solution set of the inequality [10 marks] 10. 3 [4 marks] 2. (c) Find the area of the OAB triangle. B and C. where A and B lie in the ﬁrst quadrant. The function f and g are deﬁned by f :x→ 1 . Show that 2 (x − 2)2 5 dx = + 4 ln x2 3 2 . x g : x → 2x − 1. −2 1 matrix. x ∈ R Find f ◦ g and its domain. x2 − 1 15 [4 marks] [2 marks] [3 marks] 9. Matrix A is given by A = 1 1 (a) Show that A2 = I. and deduce A−1 . show that. x ∈ R \ {0}. 2 (a) Find the value of k. Show that the gradient of the curve y = [3 marks] . 1−z [6 marks] 1 5. ﬁnd the real part of 1 . x−1 x x is always decreasing. The lines y = 2x and y = x intersect the curve y 2 + 7xy = 18 at points A and B respectively. for any sets A. (b) Factorise p(x) completely. Using deﬁnitions. sin x + cos x dx2 dx 0 0 −1 0 . (b) Calculate the perpendicular distance of A to OB. show that = 2y . 2 [4 marks] [2 marks] [4 marks] 6. where I is the 3 × 3 identity 1 4 (b) Find matrix B which satisﬁes BA = 0 2 −1 0 [4 marks] 8. The polynomial p(x) = 2x3 + 4x2 + x − k has factor (x + 1). 3 [4 marks] 3. sin x − cos x d2 y dy .

and ﬁnd the coordinates of the points of intersection. and state the intervals for which the curve is concave upwards. [5 marks] 16 . Liu at the end of n-th year. Mr Liu does not make any additional deposit nor withdrawal. [7 marks] Calculate the area of the region bounded by the curves. [5 marks] 12. They receive an interest of 4% per annum. Sketch. Miss Dora continues to deposit RM2000 at the beginning of each of the subsequent years without any withdrawal. whereas. (a) Calculate the total savings of Mr. [3 marks] [7 marks] (c) Determine in which year the total savings of Miss Dora exceeds the total savings of Mr. [4 marks] Calculate the volume of the solid formed when the region is rotated through 2π radians about the x-axis. Mr. Liu.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 Determine the coordinates of the point of inﬂexion of the curve. At the beginning of this year. [3 marks] 11. on the same coordinate axes. the curves y = 6 − ex and y = 5e−x . (b) Calculate the total savings of Miss Dora at the end of n-th year. [5 marks] Sketch the curve. Liu and Miss Dora deposited RM10 000 and RM2000 respectively in a bank.

Find the values of x if y = |3 − x| and 4y − (x2 − 9) = −24.. 10. (a) The matrices P. A curve is deﬁned by the parametric equations x=t− where t = 0.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 STPM 2009 1. solve the system of linear equations 6x + x − x + . 11 [5 marks] Find the matrices PQ and PQR and hence. ) lies on line l. where p = 0 at the point x = −1. Determine the set of values of x satisfying the inequality x 1 ≥ . Q and 1 5 2 −2 P= 1 −3 R are given by 6 −13 −50 −33 4 4 . [2 marks] (c) Given that line l cuts the x and y-axes at P and Q respectively. [7 marks] 7. ﬁnd x. . R = 1 2 7 20 15 −2 [9 marks] 7 −5 1 −13 −1 . ﬁnd lim f (x) − f (x + h) . 9. evaluate 0 x2 (1 − x) 3 dx. 17 2 t and y = 2t + 1 t 10y 2y 2y + 8z + z + 3z = 4500 = 0 = 1080 [5 marks] . h→0 h [4 marks] 3. 2 1 1 2 + loga (1 − 2a). 3 [2 marks] (a) Show that the point A(1. deduce (PQ)−1 . 4 (b) Find the Cartesian equation of line l. . [6 marks] 5. (b) Using the result in (a). The line y + x + 3 = 0 is a tangent to the curve y = px2 + qx. obtain the smallest value of n if the diﬀerence between the 2 45 sum of the ﬁrst n + 4 terms and the sum of the ﬁrst n terms is less than . The parametric equations of a straight line l are given by x = 4t − 2 and y = 3 − 3t. Given that loga (3x − 4a) + loga 3x = where 0 < a < 1 . Find the values of p and q. ﬁnd the ratio P A : AQ. Using an appropriate substitution. [6 marks] 64 4. log2 a [7 marks] 6. For the geometric series 6 + 3 + 3 + . x+1 x+1 [4 marks] 2.[4 marks] 8. Given x > 0 and f (x) = √ x. Q = −1 −6 −5 .

ﬁnd q(x). on the same coordinates axes. dx 3 (a) Show that 11. 3 [7 marks] (b) Give that p(x) = (2x − 3)[q(x) − 41 + 3x ]. (b) determine the coordinate of their points of intersection. deduce that − < < 2. where a and b are real constants. the curve and the straight line. (a) Find the values of a and b. factorise p(x) completely. dx t +2 2 dx dy 1 (b) Find the coordinates of points when = . (c) calculate the area of the region R bounded by the curve and the straight line. and determine its range when x ∈ [−2. [8 marks] [3 marks] [2 marks] [2 marks] [4 marks] (d) ﬁnd the volume of the solid formed when R is rotated through 360◦ about the x-axis. and hence. [5 marks] 12.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 dy 5 1 dy =2− 2 . 10]. has factors (x + 2) and (x − 2). The polynomial p(x) = 6x4 − ax3 − bx2 + 28x + 12. Given a curve y = x2 − 4 and straight line y = x − 2. [8 marks] 18 . (a) sketch. and hence.

where a and b are real constants. Given that f (x) = x ln x. determine the set of values of x such that p(x) ≤ 0. dx 3. Find f (x). The polynomial p(x) = 2x4 − 7x3 + 5x2 + ax + b. [4 marks] 6. is divisible by 2x2 + x − 1. where x > 0. Find the exact value of x if the sum to inﬁnity of the series is 3. (b) State whether f is a one-to-one function or not. [3 marks] 7. (e +e ). Let A − B denotes a set of elements which belongs to set A. determine the value of e ln x dx. Give a reason for your answer. (b) For these values of a and b. (x − 1)(x2 + 1) 19 [4 marks] [4 marks] 8. (a) Find a and b. prove that (A ∪ B ) − (B ∩ C) = B ∪ (A − C). where x > 0 and y = f (u) is a diﬀerentiable function f . Given that u = show that 1 x −x dy 1 . The graph of a function f is as follows: (a) State the domain and range of f . [6 marks] 5. Solve the following simultaneous equations: log3 (xy) = 5 and log9 x2 y = 2.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 STPM 2010 1. [2 marks] [2 marks] (c) Determine whether f is continuous or not at x = −1. . Given f (x) = . show that A − B = A ∩ B . [3 marks] Hence. [6 marks] 2e 4. If =√ 2−1 2 du u [5 marks] dy = 1. x3 − 3x − 4 . converges. but does not belong to set B. Give a reason for your answer. and hence. Without using Venn diagram. . [4 marks] 2. Determine the set of values of x such that the geometric series e−x + e−2x + e−3x + .

(a) Find h(x) = (f ◦ g)(x). ii. [5 marks] 10. ii. 1 12. R and S respectively.0]. One unit of Q. [6 marks] (b) A factory assembles three types of toys Q. g : x → x − 1. Matrix P is given by P = 2 2 2 1 −1 1 3 . −1 [1 marks] [1 marks] (a) Find the determinant and adjoint of P.4. the graphs y = e−x and y = 4 . (b) Determine the coordinates of the centre and the radius of C1 . 8). h(x) 1 = k has h(x) [1 marks] [2 marks] [3 marks] 2 2 [4 marks] [2 marks] [5 marks] [2 marks] [3 marks] Hence. two roots. [2 marks] [5 marks] 20 . i. sketch the graph of y = 1 . show that f (x) ≈ 4 + 7x + 3x2 − x3 . [6 marks] Estimate the root correct to three decimal places by using Newton-Raphson method with initial estimate x0 = −0. A circle C1 passes through the points (-6. write a system of linear equations to represent the above information. ﬁnd P−1 . x ∈ R. determine the set of values of k such that the equation i. (2. Show that the equation 2−x x + 4ex = 2 has a root in the interval [-1. using the results in (a). (c) If C2 is the circle (x − 4) + (y − 11) = 25. in minutes. R and S. (c) On a separate diagram. 11. If x. Sketch. C and D such that f (x) = A + 9. ﬁnd the coordinates of the point of intersection of C1 with C2 . The time taken to assemble two units of Q. iii. i. determine the time taken to assemble each type of toy. one unit of R and three units of S is 48 minutes. three roots. (a) Find the equation of C1 . ii. [5 marks] x−1 x +1 (b) when x is suﬃciently small such that x4 and higher powers can be neglected.PAPER 1 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 B Cx + D + 2 . x ∈ R. on the same coordinate axes. ﬁnd the distance between the centres of the two circles. [4 marks] (a) ﬁnd the constants A. (b) Sketch the graph of y = h(x). and determine the coordinates of the stationary points of h. The total time taken to assemble one unit of R and one unit of S exceeds the time taken to assemble two units of Q by 8 minutes. one root. 0) and (-2. The functions f and g are deﬁned by f : x → x3 − 3x + 2. two units of R and one unit of S take 31 minutes to be assembled. B. 0). y and z represent the time. Hence. taken to assemble each unit of toys Q.

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong 2 PAPER 2 QUESTIONS 21 .

three red balls and six white balls. Position vectors of the points P and Q relative to the origin O are 2i and 3i + 4j respectively. 3 sin x in the form r cos(x − α). meet at T . √ [3 marks] [4 marks] 4. Three balls are selected at random from one blue ball. (b) Show that the length of the chord RS is the same as the radius of the circle. [3 marks] 22 . with r > 0 and 0 < α < [5 marks] 5. [4 marks] 2 √ Hence. The points P . S are on the circumference of a circle. Find the probability that all the three balls selected are of the same color. which satisﬁes the inequality 0 < cos x + 3 sin x < 1. such that ∠P QR = 80◦ and ∠RP S = 30◦ as shown in the diagram below. from the moment the water is put in the freezer until it becomes ice at 0◦ C. w and θ. 3 The water takes 1 hour to decrease to the temperature of 75◦ C. ﬁnd the value of x with 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π. θs is the surrounding temperature.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002 STPM 2002 1. from the direction N α◦ W. however. [6 marks] 6. The rate of change of water temperature is described by the diﬀerential equation dθ = −k(θ − θs ) dt where θ is the water temperature at time t. Prove that ∠XZY = 90◦ . Q. [4 marks] 2. When the ship is cruising north with a speed of u. Wind is blowing with a speed of w from the direction of N θ◦ W. Find − − → −→ − the angle between vector OP and vector OQ. tan α − 1 (b) Show that tan θ = . When a ship is cruising eastwards with a speed of u. and k is a positive constant. Find the time required. [6 marks] 2 When the water reaches 50◦ C. Express cos x + π . (a) Show that P R = P T .[6 marks] 3. A boiling water at 100◦ C is left to cool in a kitchen that has a surrounding temperature of 25◦ C. Show that k = ln . the captain of ship found that the wind seemed to be blowing with a speed of v1 . Points A and B are on the side XY of triangle XY Z with XA = AB = BY . R. found that the wind seemed to be blowing with a speed of v2 from the direction N β ◦ W. (a) Draw the triangles of velocity of both situations. 1 − cot β 2 2 (c) Express v2 − v1 in terms of u. the water is placed in a freezer at −10◦ C to be frozen to ice. the captain of the ship. [4 marks] [7 marks] [2 marks] 7. Points C and D are on the sides Y Z and XZ respectively such that ABCD is a rhombus. The tangent to the circle at P and the chord RS which is produced.

2 with a and b as constants. Give your answer to the nearest months. P (X > x) = 1 b − x. (a) Find the probability that the mass of a red water melon.148 5 0. is less than 5 kg.318 4 0. [2 marks] 9.042 1 0.054 2 0. The mass of red water melon produced by the farmer is normally distributed with a mean of 6 kg and a standard deviation of 1 kg. [6 marks] 10. The table below shows the number of defective electronic components per lot for 500 lots that have been tested. that patronize a recreation centre for a certain period of time is indicated in the following table. 6 23 [3 marks] . ﬁnd the probability that a red water melon with mass less than 5 kg has mass less than 4 kg. Find the mean number of defective electronic components per lot for the given 500 lots.means age 12 and more but less than 13 years ] (a) Display the above data using histogram. where M represents the mass of a red water melon and K the mass of a yellow water melon.[6 marks] 12. The number of teenagers.5. Find the smallest number of bulbs that must be examined so that the probability of obtaining at least one non-usable bulb exceeds 0. [5 marks] (b) If Y = M − 2K. Numbers of defective components per lot Relative frequency 0 0. selected at random. determine the mean and variance of Y . Age in Years 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Number of teenagers 4 10 27 110 212 238 149 [ Age 12 . 3 < x ≤ 4.4. Continuous random variable X is deﬁned in the interval 0 to 4. 0 ≤ x ≤ 3. Hence.032 [2 marks] (a) State the mode and the median number of defective electronic components per lot.014 6 or more 0. (b) For the lots with defective components of more than 5. (a) Show that a = 1 and b = 2. Assuming that Y is normally distributes. with 1 − ax. ﬁnd the probability that the mass of a red water melon selected at random is more than twice the mass of yellow water melon selected at random. according to age.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002 8. The mass of yellow water melon produced by a farmer is normally distributed with a mean of 4 kg and a standard deviation of 800 g.392 3 0. [7 marks] 11. [3 marks] (b) Find the median and semi-interquartile range for the age of teenagers who patronize the recreation centre. the mean number of defective components per lot is 6. Two percent of the bulb produced by a factory are not usable.

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2002 [4 marks] [2 marks] [6 marks] (b) Find the cumulative distribution function of X and sketch its graph. (c) Find the probability density function of X. 24 . (d) Calculate the mean and standard deviation of X.

Prove that the triangles RP B and SQB are similar. AB and AC cut the circumference of the circle at X and Y respectively. 1 + 2 tan x − tan2 x π π √ By substituting x = . [9 marks] 25 . Show that ∠CBX + ∠CY X = 180◦ . show that tan = 2 − 1. Calculate the value of p and determine the angle between the resultant force and OA. (a) Assuming that P = P0 at time t = 0 and a > b. [3 marks] If AB = AC. Show 1 1 that |u − v| = sin (φ − θ). The rate of increase in the number of a species of ﬁsh in a lake is described by the diﬀerential equation dP = (a − b)P. 1 − tan A tan B [3 marks] 5. 8 8 tan y = [6 marks] 6. The epidemic results in no more oﬀspring of the ﬁsh being produced and the ﬁsh die at a rate directly proportional to 1 . A force of magnitude 2p N acts along the line OA and a force of magnitude 10 N acts along the line √ OB. where i and j are perpendicular unit vectors. show that BC is parallel to XY . Starting from the formulae for sin(A + B) and cos(A + B). solve the above diﬀerential equation and sketch its solution curve. Vertices B and C of the triangle ABC lie on the circumference of a circle. there is an outbreak of an epidemic of a disease. The diagram below shows two circles ABRP and ABQS which intersect at A and B. The angle between OA and OB is 120◦ .PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 STPM 2003 1. Let u = cos φ i + sin φ j and v = cos θ i + sin θ j. dt where P is the number of ﬁsh at time t weeks. There are 900 ﬁsh before the outbreak of the epidemic and only 400 ﬁsh are alive after 6 P weeks. a is the rate of reproduction. [7 marks] 4. The resultant force has magnitude 3p N. [7 marks] (b) At a certain instant. P AQ and RAS are straight lines. show that 4 1 − 2 tan x − tan2 x . [5 marks] 2 2 2. [3 marks] 3. and b is the mortality rate. [8 marks] tan A + tan B . with a and b as constants. Determine the length of time from the outbreak of the epidemic until all the ﬁsh of that species die. prove that tan(A + B) = π If 2x + y = .

002.05 g and standard deviation 0. The probability of a person allergic to a type of anaesthetic is 0. x [2 marks] The numbers 4. 32 26 28 27 43 38 21 42 35 18 19 37 25 50 45 46 35 23 32 40 18 20 26 29 30 46 [2 marks] [4 marks] [3 marks] [2 marks] (a) Display the data in a stemplot.95 g to 2. . the mass of tea powder per bag has mean 2. Assuming that the mass of tea powder of each bag is normally distributed. 5. 8 f (t) = 8 0. [5 marks] 9. ﬁnd the probability that exactly one worker receives a bonus of one month’s salary. 6. . The probability density function is given by 1 e− 1 t .05 g.00 a month. x3 . The number of ships which anchor at a port every week for 26 particular weeks are as follows. calculate the expected number of tea bags which contain 1. (a) If two workers are randomly chosen. Using a suitable approximate distribution. otherwise. . At the end of the year. [3 marks] 10. (x − x) = 102. Show that. Give a reason for your answer. (b) Find the median and interquartile range. 12. with 10 male workers earning less than RM1000. [5 marks] 26 . [6 marks] (b) Find the probability. 9. ¯ (x − x)2 = ¯ x2 − n¯2 .PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2003 7. (a) Find the cumulative distribution function of T and sketch its graph.00 whereas the others receive a month’s salary. [5 marks] 8. (c) Draw a boxplot to represent the data. q. that a plant of that species randomly chosen has a lifespan of more than 20 days. xn with mean x. to three decimal places. A factory has 36 male workers and 64 female workers.10 g of tea powder in a box of 100 tea bags. 12. . x2 . where p < q. 7. [3 marks] (b) If a male worker and a female worker are randomly chosen. The lifespan of a species of plant is a random variable T (tens of days). Tea bags are labelled as containing 2 g of tea powder. (d) State the shape of the frequency distribution. ﬁnd the probability that exactly one worker receives a bonus of one month’s salary.00 a month and 17 female workers earning at least RM1000. 11. A total of 2000 persons are injected with the anaesthetic. workers earning less than RM1000. calculate the probability that more than two persons are allergic to the anaesthetic. ¯ [6 marks] 2 11. In actual face.9 and ¯ Calculate the values of p and q. [3 marks] (c) Calculate the expected lifespan of that species of plant.00 are given a bonus of RM1000. have mean x = 6. 5.9. t > 0. p. for the numbers x1 .

The points S and T are midpoints of the sides AB and AD respectively of a parallelogram ABCD. (b) the triangle ACE is an equilateral triangle. Express cos θ + 3 sin θ in the form r cos(θ − α). Find all values of x. 27 . [5 marks] 4. show v0 x2 dy = 1− 2 . the speed of the current in the middle of the canal is 10 m s−1 and the speed of the swimmer is 2 m s−1 relative to the current in the canal. (c) the quadrilateral BCED is a square. vc . [3 marks] 5. Each triangle has base angles measuring 75◦ . −→ − −→ − −→ − −→ − −→ 1 −→ − − Show that BU = λBC + λCD and BU = (1 − µ)BC + µCD also where λ and µ are constants. [4 marks] 2. A canal of width 2a has parallel straight banks and the water ﬂows due north. [3 marks] that dx vr a If the width of the canal is 12 m. Find x in terms of t if x = 2 when t = 1. where 0◦ < x < 360◦ . The diagram below shows two isosceles triangles ABC and ADE which have bases AB and AD respectively. which satisfy the equation tan x + 4 cot x = 4 sec x. The points A and B are on opposite banks and B is due east of A. show that BU = BD. The speed of the current in the canal. with BC and DE parallel and equal in length. The x-axis and y-axis are taken in the east and north directions respectively with O as the origin. dt where x = 1. A swimmer swims from A towards the east at speed vr relative to the current in the canal. where r > 0 and 0◦ < α < 90◦ . The variables t and x are connected by dx = 2t(x − 1). Taking y to denote the distance northwards travelled by the swimmer. 3 Deduce that the lines CS and CT trisect the diagonal BD. The lines CS and CT cut the diagonal BD at the points U and V respectively. 2 − −→ 1 −→ − [6 marks] Hence. where v0 is the speed of the current in the middle of the canal and x is the distance eastwards from the middle of the canal.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 STPM 2004 1. with the point O as the midpoint of AB.[5 marks] 3. is given by vc = v0 1 − x2 a2 . [4 marks] [4 marks] [4 marks] 6. Show that (a) ∠DBC = ∠BDE = 90◦ .

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 (a) ﬁnd the distance of the swimmer from O when he is at the middle of the canal and his distance from B when he reaches the east bank of the canal. of ﬁsh caught by 22 ﬁshermen on a particular day. The discrete random variable X has the probability function P (X = x) = where k is a constant. [3 marks] [7 marks] k(4 − x)2 . (b) Find the mean and standard deviation. The continuous random variable X has the probability density function 4 x2 (3 − x). 3. calculate the percentage of the electrical instruments which have to be replaced free of charge. (b) Find E(7X − 1) and Var(7X − 1). [4 marks] 10. [3 marks] (b) If at least one out of the two transistors chosen is defective. 23 69 48 22 51 42 25 46 39 23 37 52 41 41 38 40 37 59 20 68 88 59 [2 marks] [5 marks] (a) Display the above data in an ordered stemplot. (a) Determine the value of k and tabulate the probability distribution of X. [7 marks] (b) sketch the actual path taken by the swimmer. A type of seed is sold in packets which contain ten seeds each. otherwise 12. 2 (b) Find the cumulative distribution function of X. 3 . ﬁnd the probability that both transistors are defective. f (x) = 27 0. Find the probability that a packet chosen at random contains less than two seeds which do not germinate. in kg. 28 . 2. (a) Calculate P X< [3 marks] [3 marks] 9. [4 marks] (b) If the manufacturer speciﬁes that less than 0. The lifespan of an electrical instrument produced by a manufacturer is normally distributed with a mean of 72 months and a standard deviation of 15 months.1% of the electrical instruments have to be replaced free of charge. it is found that a seed per packet does not germinate. 0 < x < 3. [3 marks] 7. [4 marks] 8. (a) Find the probability that at least one out of the two transistors chosen is defective. determine the greatest length of the guarantee period correct to the nearest month. otherwise. Two transistors are chosen at random from a batch of transistors containing ninety good and ten defective ones. On the average. (a) If the manufacturer guarantees that the lifespan of an electrical instrument is at least 36 months. 0. x = 1. The following data show the masses. [5 marks] 11.

(e) State whether the mean or the median is more suitable as a representative value of the above data. Justify your answer.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2004 [4 marks] [3 marks] (c) Find the median and interquartile range. [2 marks] 29 . (d) Draw a boxplot to represent the above data.

[7 marks] If the points C. Using the substitution y = to dv v2 = − 2. The mass of a small loaf of bread produced in a bakery may be modelled by a normal random variable with mean 303 g and standard deviation 4 g. In the tetrahedron ABCD. dx sin 2x Hence. BD DF − − → − − → − − → −→ − Express CP and CQ in terms of k. Express y explicitly in terms of x in your answer. AXC and BY C are straight lines. determine the value of k. in the range 0000 to 9999 inclusive. ﬁnd the area of the triangle BP C. Find the probability that (a) the number begins or ends with 0. calculate the angle between the face ABC and the face ABD. Show that the triangles BP C and ABC are similar. ﬁnd the solution of the diﬀerential equation (sin 2x) for which y = dy = 2y(1 − y) dx [8 marks] 5. P and Q lie on a straight line. ﬁnd the general solution of the original diﬀerential equation. Hence. [3 marks] If AB = 4 cm. AB = BC = 10 cm. [8 marks] d 2 (ln tan x) = . Hence. AD = CD = 8 cm and BD = 6 cm. 3 4 6. [4 marks] dy 2y v .PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005 STPM 2005 1. √ 4. AC = 8 cm and BP = 3 cm. the point P lies on the side AC such that ∠BP C = ∠ABC. [5 marks] 2. The diagram below shows two intersecting circles AXY B and CBOX. AC = 8 2 cm. is formed. A four-digit number. ﬁnd CP : P Q. [3 marks] 8. Find the probability that a randomly chosen loaf has a mass between 295 g and 305 g. where O is the centre of the circle AXY B. Show that ∠ABC = ∠BAC. show that the diﬀerential equation + y2 = − may be reduced 2 x dx x [3 marks] [4 marks] 3. Show that the line from C perpendicular to AB and the line from D perpendicular to AB meet at a point on AB. a and b. [7 marks] 7. The points P and Q lie on the diagonals BD and DF respectively of a regular hexagon ABCDEF such that BP DQ = = k. In the triangle ABC. 30 [3 marks] . Show that [2 marks] 1 1 when x = π. where AB = a and BC = b. dx x Hence.

199 200 . (a) Sketch the graph of y = f (x). 3. estimate the median and the interquartile range. The level of the metal dust at the workplace is recorded at a particular time of day for a period of 90 consecutive working days. The results are summarised in the table below. Metal dust level (µg m−3 ) 170 . The diskettes are packed by the manufacturers in packets of tens.174 175 . A computer accessories distributor obtains its supply of diskettes from manufacturers A and B. Find the probability that a randomly chosen packet contains exactly one defective diskette. 100. determine the value of k. Overexposure to a certain metal dust at the workplace of a factory is detrimental to the health of its workers. The probability that a diskette produced by manufacturer A is defective is 0.184 185 . The workplace is considered safe if the level of the metal dust is less than 198 µg m−3 .179 180 . Number of days 8 11 25 22 15 7 2 [1 marks] (b) Calculate estimates of the mean and standard deviation of the levels of the metal dust. otherwise. [3 marks] 31 . [7 marks] 10. y = 1. . 100 11. (b) Find P (|Y − E(Y )| ≤ 30).02.05 whereas the probability that a diskette produced by manufacturer B is defective is 0.189 190 . with 60% of the diskettes from manufacturer A. 2. [5 marks] (c) Plot a cumulative frequency curve of the above data.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2005 [3 marks] (b) the number contains exactly two non-zero digits. . The probability distribution function of the discrete random variable Y is P (Y = y) = (a) Show that E(Y ) = 67 and ﬁnd Var(Y ). 2 ≤ x ≤ 3 0.194 195 . 9. Hence.204 (a) State what the number 11 in the table means. [7 marks] (d) Find the percentage of days for which the workplace is considered unsafe. . y . 5050 [5 marks] [4 marks] [2 marks] [6 marks] 12. 13 (b) Given that P (0 ≤ X ≤ k) = . The continuous random variable X has probability density function 1 (1 − 2x). −2 ≤ x ≤ 1 25 2 3 1 f (x) = 25 (2x − 1). .

Show that triangles ADE and CBE are similar. CA and AB respectively of the triangle ABC. [7 marks] Find the velocities of the particle when its acceleration is zero for the ﬁrst and second times. 3 5. is given by √ dv = sin(πt) − 3 cos(πt). solve the equation 4 sin θ − 3 cos θ = 3 for 0◦ < α < 360◦ . [4 marks] 6. [3 marks] If DA = DE. Deduce that AG = AP and 2 2 2 3 2 BG = BQ. where CG = CR. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation x dy = y 2 − y − 2. the displacement and velocity of the particle are x m and v ms−1 respectively and its acceleration. dx [6 marks] 4. Find also the distance traveled by the particle between the ﬁrst and second times its acceleration is zero. determine the value of α. [7 marks] 32 .PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006 STPM 2006 1. and R are the midpoints of the sides BC. Express 4 sin θ − 3 cos θ in the form R sin(θ − α). → − → 1 − → − → − − → 1− − → 1 − 2 (a) Show that AG = mAB + mAC and AG = (1 − n)AB + AC. ∠CF D = α and ∠BEC = 3α. If the angle between the vectors a = and b = is 135◦ . dt Express v and x in terms of t. [6 marks] 4 8 1 p 2. At time t s. [3 marks] In the above diagram. The lines AB and DC extended meet at the point E and the lines AD and BC extended meet at the point F . [6 marks] 3. where AG = mAP and BG = nBQ. Q. The lines AP and BQ meet at the point G. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. ﬁnd the value of p. Hence. where R > 0 and 0◦ < α < 90◦ . The points P . [6 marks] 3 2 [3 marks] (b) Show that CR meets AP and BQ at G. A particle moves from rest along a horizontal straight line. Prove that an exterior angle of a cyclic quadrilateral is equal to the opposite interior angle. in ms−2 .

1 ≤ x ≤ b. [7 marks] 12. The probabilities 1 1 of archers A and B hitting the bull’s-eye in each shot are and respectively. The continuous random variable X has probability density function x−1 . median. Comment on the shape of frequency distribution.5 and 3. The probability that a heart patient survives after surgery in a country is 0. The random variable W is deﬁned by W = X − Y . (b) Give one reason why W is not a Poisson random variable. [4 marks] 9. [4 marks] 2 1 8.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2006 7. Time (x minutes) Number of students 2≤x<5 1 5≤x<8 2 8 ≤ x < 11 4 11 ≤ x < 14 8 14 ≤ x < 17 5 17 ≤ x < 20 2 [4 marks] [1 marks] (a) Draw a histogram of the grouped data. ﬁnd the probability that more than 160 survive after surgery in a random sample of 200 heart patients. (a) Find E(W ) and Var(W ). f (x) = 12 0. Use your calculations to justify your statement about the shape of the frequency distribution. The probability that it rains in a certain area is . 10. Show that the 6 5 1 probability of archer A hitting the bull-eye ﬁrst is . (a) Find the probability that. out of ﬁve randomly chosen heard patients undergoing surgery. four survive. where b is a constant. The probability that an accident occurs at a 5 1 1 particular corner of a road in that area is if it rains and if it does not rain. Find the probability 20 50 that it rains if an accident occurs at the corner.[4 marks] (b) Calculate estimates of the mean. (a) Determine the value of b. (c) Calculate E(X). (b) Find the cumulative distribution function of X and sketch its graph. The independent Poisson random variables X and Y have parameters 0. Two archers A and B take turns to shoot.85. The times taken by 22 students to breakfast are shown in the following table. with archer A taking the ﬁrst shot. [3 marks] (b) Using a suitable approximate distribution. and mode of the breakfast times. otherwise.5 respectively. [4 marks] [5 marks] [6 marks] 33 . [6 marks] 11.

The height of a vertical pole QB is k and the angle of elevation of B from R is β. The tangents at the points A and B meet at a point C. (b) Determine the value of x for which ABCD is a rectangle. [5 marks] [5 marks] 5. R B Q P A O − − → 1 2 (a) show that P Q = − a + b. with Q due west of R. ABCD is a parallelogram. Show that h= k tan α cos θ . (a) Show that. The diagram below shows non-collinear points O. are i+3j.relative to an origin. in terms of b. The lines P Q and OB produced meet − → −→ − at the point R.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 STPM 2007 1. B. in terms of π. relative to O. [4 marks] 2. 15 5 (b) ﬁnd the position vector of R. The diagram below shows two intersecting circles AP Q and BP Q. If OA = a and OB = b. The top A of a tower P A is at height h above the plane and the angle of elevation of A from R is α. SHow that ACBQ is a cyclic quadrilateral. (x−3)i−6j and (x + 3)i respectively. with P on the line OA such that OP : P A = 2 : 1 and Q on the line AB such that AQ : QB = 2 : 3. tan β sin(θ − φ) [5 marks] 3. all the values of x between 0 and π which satisﬁes the equation tan x + cot x = 8 cos 2x. where θ and φ are acute. for any value of x. C and D. A and B. The triangle P QR lies in a horizontal plance. where AP B is a straight line. [4 marks] 34 . The bearings of P from Q and R are θ and φ respectively. [3 marks] [4 marks] 4. −5i−3j. The position vectors of the points A. Find.

P (B) = and P (A|B) = .PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 C A P B Q If the lines AQ and CB are parallel and T is the point of intersection of AB and CQ.[3 marks] [Assume that a taxi may be parked at any of the parking bays. dx Hence. There are eight parking bays in a row at a taxi stand.[7 marks] 3 1 1 . show that the areas of the triangles AT Q and BT C are in the ratio AT 2 : BT 2 .4) and sketch this solution curve. (b) Find the probability that at least one of the events A and B occurs. satisfy the diﬀerential equation x2 dy = y 2 − xy. ﬁnd the probability that two red taxis are parked next to each other. Find the ratio of the number of male to female students.5 and 72. [7 marks] 6. show that the given diﬀerential equation may be reduced to x du = u2 − 2u.6. It is known that P (X > 1169) ≤ 0. The mean mark for a group of students taking a statistics test is 70. The random variable X is normally distributed with mean µ and standard deviation 100. two red taxis and ﬁve yellow taxis are parked there.] 8. If one blue taxi. 8 4 6 [2 marks] [3 marks] 10.877. Determine the range of the values of µ. show that the general solution of the given diﬀerential equation may be expressed in the form 2x y= . The variables x and y. [10 marks] 1 + Ax2 Find the equation of the solution curve which passes through the point (1. where x > 0. Hence.117 and P (X > 879) ≥ 0. [4 marks] 9. where A is an arbitrary constant. 35 . [4 marks] 7.0 respectively. show that the triangles AT Q and BT C are isosceles triangles. Two events A and B are such that P (A) = (a) Show that the events A and B are neither independent nor mutually exclusive. The mean marks for male and female students are 68. dx Using the substitution y = ux.

PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2007 [4 marks] (c) Find the probability that either one of the events A and B occurs. [2 marks] [4 marks] [5 marks] [3 marks] [2 marks] 36 . (a) If the lemons in the fruit store are packed in packets. (d) Draw a boxplot to represent the data. using a suitable approximation.02. 11. (c) Calculate the mean and standard deviation. (e) Comment on the shape of the distribution and give a reason for your answer. [5 marks] 12. [5 marks] (b) If the lemons in the fruit store are packed in boxed each containing 60 lemons. The masses (in thousands of kg) of solid waste collected from a town for 25 consecutive days are as follows: 41 48 53 33 44 46 55 55 48 49 57 50 50 52 38 47 53 39 50 51 43 49 56 52 51 (a) Construct a stemplot to represent the data. determine the maximum number of lemons per packet so that the probability that a packet chosen at random does not contain rotten lemons is more than 0. the probability that a box chosen at random contains less than three rotten lemons. (b) Find the median and interquartile range. The probability that a lemon sold in a fruit store is rotten is 0. ﬁnd.85.

where k > 0. [6 marks] (b) Find the position vector of the point of intersection of the line LM and the line P Q. M . B and C. and AC respectively. CA. The diagram below shows the circumscribed circle of the triangle ABC. [4 marks] 3. [4 marks] [2 marks] [4 marks] 5. where m + n = 1.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 STPM 2008 1. and express the position vector of any point on the line P Q in terms of a. ﬁnd the values of θ between 0◦ and 360◦ that satisfy the equation 10 sin θ −5 cos θ = 2. (b) P T · BT = QT · AT . BC. b and c respectively. Show that (a) triangles AP T and BQT are similar. distilled water is poured into the tank at a constant rate of 4 litres per minute. AB at Q and the circle at R. At the √ same time. show that sin θ = 2 1 + t2 1 + t2 Hence. The angle bisector of the angle AT B cuts AC at P . If t = tan . The time taken for overﬂow to occur is 20 minutes. The position vectors of the points A. are a. Express AX 2 in terms of AB. the mixture leaves the tank at a constant rate of k litres per minute. OB. with respect to the origin O. The points L. m and n. A 50 litre tank is initially ﬁlled with 10 litres of brine solution containing 20 kg of salt. 1 1 (a) Show that the position vector of any point on the line LM is a + λ(b + c − a) for some scalar 2 2 λ. B R Q P C T A The tangent to the circle at A meets the line BC extended to T . [5 marks] 1 − t2 2t θ and cos θ = .[3 marks] 4. [4 marks] 6. b and c. P and Q are the midpoints of OA. the point X divides BC internally in the ratio m : n. dx [3 marks] dy + 2y + 2x = 0 dx 2. In triangle ABC. 37 . BC. (c) AP = AQ. Show that the substitution u = x2 + y transforms the diﬀerential equation (1 − x) into the diﬀerential equation (1 − x) du = −2u. Starting from time t = 0.

express Q in terms of t. [2 marks] 7.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 (a) Let Q be the amount of salt in the tank at time t minutes. (a) ﬁnd the percentage of the fruits which are ripe. [4 marks] 1 . [7 marks] (b) Calculate the probability that at least one of two independent observed values of X is greater than three. 0 ≤ x < 1. A sample of 100 fuses. 70% of mangoes and 60% of papayas are ripe. The average daily demand for cars is four. [7 marks] (b) Show that k = 4. In a basket of mangoes and papayas. and calculate the amount of salt in the tank at the instant overﬂow occurs. x ≥ 1. =− dt 10 + (4 − k)t Hence. 9.00 per car. The continuous random variable X has probability density function 0. nominally rated at 13 amperes. median and mode. [4 marks] 12. 5 f (x) = 4 − x. There are 12 towels. ﬁnd the probability that at least one is red. x < 0. are tested by passing increasing electric current through them. [6 marks] (c) Sketch the graph of Q against t for 0 ≤ t ≤ 20. The current at which they blow are recorded and the following cumulative frequency table is obtained. If 40% of the fruits in the basket are mangoes. 4x2 (a) Find the cumulative distribution function of X. 38 . [3 marks] [4 marks] 10. If ﬁve towels are chosen at random. 11. (b) ﬁnd the percentage of the ripe fruits which are mangoes. Comment on the distribution. The random variable X has a binomial distribution with parameters n = 500 and p = suitable approximate distribution. Show that the rate of change of Q is given by √ dQ Q k √ . 1 . Currents (amperes) <10 <11 <12 <13 <14 <15 <16 <17 Cumulative frequency 0 8 30 63 88 97 99 100 [8 marks] Calculate the estimates of the mean. two of which are red. Using a 2 [6 marks] 8. ﬁnd P (|X − E(X)| ≤ 25). A car rental shop has four cars to be rented out on a daily basis at RM50.

(b) Calculate the expected daily income received from the rentals.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2008 (a) Find the probability that. the additional cost incurred is RM20.00 per day. [5 marks] 39 . no cars are requested. Determine whether the shop should buy another car for rental. i. on a particular day. [2 marks] [2 marks] [5 marks] (c) If the shop wishes to have one more car. at least four requests for cars are received. ii.

[4 marks] 3. 2. Find the values of x. [3 marks] [6 marks] [3 marks] 40 . which satisfy the equation sin3 x sec x = 2 tan x. Find the particular solution of the diﬀerential equation ex dy − y 2 (x + 1) = 0 dx [7 marks] for which y = 1 when x = 0. where 0 ≤ x ≤ π. (a) Show that the triangles ABD and BP C are congruent. Hence. [4 marks] The tangent to the circle at J meets the line KL extended to T . (b) Show that ABCD is a rhombus. Show that JV = JU . The circumscribed circle of the triangle JKL is shown in the diagram below. the boat is 14 nautical miles to the north-east of the yacht. A parallelogram ABCD with its diagonals meeting at the point O is shown in the diagram below. A yacht is sailing northwards at a speed of 10 knots. 4. At 1300 hours. (c) Find the ratio CR : P C. (a) Determine the direction in which the boat should be travelling in order to intercept the yacht. AB is extended to P such that BP = AB.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 STPM 2009 1. The angle bisector of the angle JT K cuts JL and JK at U and V respectively. The line that passes through D and is parallel to AC meets P C produced at point R and ∠CRD = 90◦ . express y in terms of x. A boat is travelling at a speed of 30 knots. [3 marks] (b) At what time does the interception occur? [4 marks] 5.

One of the rules at a training camp of 1000 occupants states that camp activities are to be suspended if 10% of the occupants are infected with a virus. after one day. Number of candidates Mean Standard deviation School candidates 25 55 4 Private candidates 5 40 5 [5 marks] Calculate the overall mean and standard deviation of the Physics marks. [3 marks] (b) If X = Y1 + Y2 + . 2. 41 [7 marks] . takes the values of 0 and 1 with the probabilities of q and p respectively. 1 and 2 with the probabilities of a. The rate of increase of the number of infected occupants x at t days is given by diﬀerential equation dx = kx(1000 − x). Four participants from this group are selected randomly to chair some sessions of panel discussion. A trainee infected with a ﬂu virus enrolls in the camp causing an outbreak of ﬂu. (a) Show that E(Yi ) = p and Var(Yi ) = pq. [2 marks] (b) Given that two women are selected. ﬁnd the probability that both of them are doctors. [4 marks] 7. The number of hours spent in a library per week by arts and science students in a college is normally distributed with mean 12 hours and standard deviation 5 hours for arts students. The number of women doctors and that of women engineers are 12 and 5 respectively. Assuming that X is the mean number of hours spent by these 10 students in a week. . ﬁnd the values of a. n. there are ﬁve infected occupants. [9 marks] 999 + e1000kt (b) Determine the value of k if it is found that. Given that E(X) = and Var(X) = . . dt where k is a constant. where q = 1 − p. . . 3 9 10. There are 20 doctors and 15 engineers attending a conference. b and c 5 4 [6 marks] respectively. The independent random variable Yi . and mean 15 hours and standard deviation 4 hours for science students. (a) calculate E(X) and Var(X).PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 6. Assume that the outbreak of ﬂu begins at the time the infected trainee enrolls and no one leaves the camp during the outbreak. + Yn . (a) Find the probability that three doctors are selected. [5 marks] 11. . A random sample of four arts students and six science students is chosen.[2 marks] [4 marks] 8. . 1000e1000kt . where i = 1. b and c. (a) Show that x = [3 marks] (c) Determine the number of days before the camp activities will be suspended. A discrete random variable X takes the values of 0. determine E(X) and Var(X). The mean and standard deviation of Physics marks for 25 school candidates and 5 private candidates are shown in the table below. Comment on the distribution of X. 9.

01x − p. express the total cost of repair in terms of X. (c) Determine the expected value of X.1 and q = 0. [3 marks] 12. and determine the expected total cost of repair.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2009 (b) ﬁnd the probability that in a given week.3.01x. (b) Find the probability that the repair work takes at least 15 hours. (a) Show that p = 0. [6 marks] [4 marks] [4 marks] (d) If the total cost of repair of the machine comprises a surcharge of RM500 and an hourly rate of RM100. 0. 10 ≤ x < 20. f (x) = q − 0. The probability density function is given by 0. The time to repair a certain type of machine is a random variable X (in hours). where p and q are constants. otherwise. [3 marks] 42 . the mean number of hours spent by this sample of students is between 11 hours and 15 hours. 20 ≤ x ≤ 30.

The diagram below shows a circle with centre O and tangents at points H and K meeting at the point P . 43 . show that the diﬀerential equation xy may be reduced to vx dv = 1. 4. where r > 0 and 0◦ < α < 90◦ . A O H Q B K P Prove that (a) P A + P B = 2P O. x dx cos y [5 marks] 2. (b) P H = P A ◦ P B. Express 5 sin θ + 12 cos θ in the form r sin(θ + α). O and A lie on a straight line. Hence. The diameter AB intersects the chord HK at the point Q. dx [3 marks] [6 marks] 2 [3 marks] [4 marks] dy − x2 − y 2 = 0 dx Hence. Find the general solution of the diﬀerential equation 1 dy 2 ln x = . Q. The points P . 5 sin θ + 12 cos θ + 15 [7 marks] 3.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 STPM 2010 1. B. Using the substitution y = vx. ﬁnd the maximum and minimum values of the expression 1 . ﬁnd the particular solution that satisﬁes y = 2 and x = 1.

The probability that it rains or the student does not carry an umbrella is 0. (a) Determine the maximum number of eggs that may be placed in the incubator so that the probability that all the eggs hatch is more than 0. The probability that a chicken egg placed in an incubator fails to hatch is 0. The point K lies on the side AB of a square ABCD such that AK : KB = 3 : 2. F (x) = 0. [2 marks] (b) The point P with position vector p. [6 marks] (b) Determine the probability that a randomly chosen bulb has a lifespan of more than 9 months.9. [5 marks] 7. [2 marks] (c) The point L lies on the line RP such that RL : LP = 5 : 3. The lifespan.01. sketch the graph.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 5. A discrete random variable X has cumulative distribution function x < 1. relative to O. (a) Find an expression for the position vector of the point N which lies on the line QR such that QN : N R = 3 : 2. and hence. of a type of bulb is a random variable X. The position vectors of the points Q and R. relative to the origin O. 1. [5 marks] 9. is such that O is the midpoint of the line P N . (b) Find the mean and variance of X. Find P M : M Q. The probability density function is given by 1 xe− x . (b) the triangles ABL and BCK are congruent. 3 f (x) = 9 0. 1 ≤ x < 3. x ≥ 0. ﬁnd the probability that the student does not carry an umbrella.3.75. x ≥ 5. The random variable X is normally distributed with mean 48 and standard deviation 10. [4 marks] 8. (a) Find the cumulative distribution function of X. [4 marks] (d) The point M lies on the line P Q such that M OR is a straight line. (d) KP : P C = 4 : 25. x < 0. (a) Construct the probability distribution table for X. The probability that it rains in a day is 0.5. O and L are collinear. Find the least integer k such that P(|X − 48| > k) < 0. and the probability that a student carries an umbrella is 0.25. Prove that 5p + 2q + 3r = 0.6. The point L lies on the AD such that BL and CK intersect perpendicularly at the point P . in months. [6 marks] 44 .6. [2 marks] [3 marks] [2 marks] [4 marks] 6. and ﬁnd QO : OL. Show that (a) ∠ABL = ∠BCP . Show that the points Q. [2 marks] [4 marks] 10. (c) the triangles KP B and BP C are similar. If it rains on a particular day. 0. 3 ≤ x < 5. 0. [3 marks] 11. are q and r respectively.

8. The pH values and the number of soil samples tested are given in the table below. and plot the cumulative frequency curve. [2 marks] (d) Another four soil samples are collected from the same area.5. Out of the 44 samples. i.0.5 .0. while its actual value is 5. Justify your answers.5. [2 marks] 45 . State a reason why the same curve is used. ﬁnd the percentage of samples which have a pH value greater than 7. estimate the median of the 44 samples. State whether the wrong pH value aﬀects the median and semi-interquartile range. [5 marks] 12.5 . and their pH values are found to be greater than 8. [4 marks] (c) The pH value of a sample is wrongly recorded as 5.7.5 7.5 5. Forty soil samples are collected from a certain area and tested for their pH values.0 .4. [3 marks] (b) Using the cumulative frequency curve.0 Number of soil samples 1 3 5 9 11 7 3 1 (a) Construct the cumulative frequency table for this distribution.0 .5 .0 5. [2 marks] ii. Using the curve in (a). estimate the median and semi-interquartile range of the distribution.0 . pH value 4.5 4.7.0.5 6.0 7.0 .0 6.8.PAPER 2 QUESTIONS Lee Kian Keong STPM 2010 (b) Using a suitable approximate distribution. ﬁnd the probability that more than three out of 200 eggs fail to hatch.5 .6.6.

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