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ROUNO
,

AND HOW TO TIE THEM
Revised
by
Walter B. Gibson
WINGS BOOKS
New York' Avenel, New Jersey
Copyright 0 1989, 1984, 1978, 1961 by Walt8' Brown Gibson
Al! right, reserved.
Th's edition Is published by Wings Books,
distributed by Random House Value Publishing, Inc.,
40 Engelhard Avenue, Avenel, New Jersey 07001,
by arrangement with lifetime Books, Inc.
RMdom House
New York • Toronto. london. S)"CIney • Auckland
Manufactured In the United States of America
Ubrary of Congress Cataloging.ln-Publlcstlon Data
Gibson, Walter Brown, 1897·
[Fell's official guide to knots and hoY,' to tie themJ
Knots and how to tie them / by Walter B. Gibson.
p. em.
Originally published: Fell's official guide to knots and how to
tie them. 1961.
Includes Index.
ISBN 0-517-09369-3
1. Knots and Splices. I. TltJe.
VM533.G5 1993
623.88'S2-OC20
8 7 654 3 2
93-8134
CIP
CONTENTS
l. Knots Are Knots . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. 1
II. Simple Knots
Bask Knot Formations ..... . . .. 7
Overhand Knot .............. . ...... . 8
Double or Triple Overhand Knot ... B
Figure Eight Knot ............... ... .. 9
Multiple FJgUA: Eight Knot ......... 10
Stevedore's Knot " ................. 10
Eye Knot ........................... 11
Figure Eight Eye Knot ........ . ... .. 11
III. Double Knots
''Two Rope" Square Knot ......... 15
$quare Knot or Sailor's Knot. ' . .. . 16
Granny Knot ................ . .. . .. 17
Rogue's Knot ........... . .. ... ...... 18
Surgeon's Knot ....... , ............. 18
BowKnot ........................... 19
Double Bow Knot .................. 20
Sho<mng Sp<d>h ................ .. 21
IV. Hitches
About Hitches ...................... 25
Crossing Hitch ...................... 25
Half Hitch .. ... ... ..... .......... ... 26
Timber Hitch ................... .. . . 27
Timber Hitch with Half Hitch .... . . 27
Killick Hitch .. .. .. ....... .... . ... . .. 28
FIsherman's Bend .................. . 29
Simple Slip Knot ................... .30
Double Slip Knot ................... 31
Slippory Hi.m ................... .. . 32
Running Knot and Half Hitch ...... 33
Clove Hitch ..... ................ .... 34
Midshipman's Hitch ........ . ... . .. . 35
Lark's Head ..... ................ .... 36
False Lark's Head .................. . 37
Double Lark's Head .............. .. 38
Triple or Interloclcing
Lark's Head .................... . 39
Crossed Lark's Head ............. .. H
Racking Hitch ....... .............. .42
Cat's-paw ..... .. ............ .. ..... . 42
V. Bends and Knots for Joining
Rope Ends
Knotty Alternatives .. ............. .. 45
Double Overhand Knot ............ 46
Droinary !:no< ...................... 47
Aernish Knot ........ ............... 48
Figure Eight Hand Knot ............ 49
Sheet Bend .......................... 50
Weaver's Knot ..................... 5l
Carrick Bend ...................... 52
English Knot ...... .. ..... .. ........ 53
VI. Loops and Nooses
About l....oop5 ... . ..... 57
The Bowline...... . ......... 57
Figure Eight or False Bowline .. . .... 58
Spaniah Bowline .. .... .. .... ...... .. 59
French Bowline . . . . . . . ...... 60
Lasso or Honda Knot . . ............. 61
VII. Rope Shortenings
Too Much Rope .................. .. 65
Single Chain Twist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 66
Double Chain Twist . .67
'lheSheepshank ............ . (Xi
The CalShank ................ .. .... 69
11>< """"monk ...... .. . . .. . . . .. .. .. 70
Overhand Knot with Sheepshank. . 70
Jury Knot with Sheepshank ........ 72
VIII. Fancy and Decorative Knots
PlAin and Fancy ...... .. ....... .. .... 75
Tom Fool Knot ..................... 76
The Shamroclc ...................... 77
Jury Mast Knot . .. .. . . .. . ..... 78
DoubleJurv Knot . .. . . .. .. .. 79
An Oriental Knot. ... . .............. 80
IX. Tricks with Knots
Presenting Knot Tricks . . . .......... 83
Slip the Loop .. .. .............. .. . . . 84
On Again - Off Again . . ....... 85
Go-Go Knots . . . . . . . . . . . ...... 86
Shake Them Away . . ... . .. 87
The Impossible Knot . . . . . 88
Double Cut and Restored Rope .... B9
Comedy "Cut Rope" Climax ..... . . 90
Snap Off Knots . ... ... .. . .. .. .. ..... 91
X. Rope TIes and Releases
Special Rope Stunts ........... . .. .. 95
Three ~ Knots . .............. 95
Houdini 's Knot Mystery ..... ..98
Knot Dissolving Tube . . 100
Rinp and LOOpL.. .... ... 102
The Spooky Ropes . .. . 104-
Q\Jick.ie Spook: T ricb 107
XI. Special Tricks
String and Scis.so!""5 . .. • .. .. .. .. • ... III
The Disentangled Scissors ........ 112
Ropes T h r o ~ Coat ...... . ...... 113
Ring on StrinSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
String Through the Buttonhole . .. lIS
Knot the Ropo:: . . . . . • . . . • . . .. . . . .. . 116
The KnotIess Knot. . . . . . .. .. . .. ... 11 7
C2l.tick. T rid Knot ................ liB
The Mysteriocs Ring . . ......... . . 119
The Appearing Knot .. ....... .... . 120
KnOlSma[areNot . ............. . . 121
The Knottod Ring . .. . .. 123
Trap the Knot ... 124
XII. Illustrated Ropecraft
INDEX OF ROPECRAfT .. . .. . 127
I
KNOTS ARE KNOTS
Knots are Knots
Few things are easier than making a knot in a piece of
string or rope. Although, how good or efficient that knot
may be is another story. Some people just can't seem to tie
knots that will stay, while others have an aptitude for tying
knots that just won't come untied, no matter how hard they
work at it.
Someone once quipped, "Almost everybody knows how to
tie a knot, but practically nobody knows how to tie one
right." That is very nearly true. At least 99 percent of the
population knows how to tie a knot of some sort; and of
those, at least 99 percent do it blindly or by rote, unless they
have had some instruction or have made a study of rope
work.
"Of course I know how to tie knots!" a person might
insist. "It's one of the first things I was taught." And proba-
bly, that lesson was the last, given by an instructor who had
been similarly taught - the wrong way. If a survey were
taken, it would probably prove that the greatest hazard to
human safety, aside from driving in holiday traffic or rocking
a boat filled with people who cannot swim, is not knowing
how to tie a knot properly.
Consider the thousands of instances where people have
tripped over trailing shoelaces, where scaffoldings or other
weights have slipped from insecure fastenings, or when any-
thing from a mad dog to a cabin cruiser has broken loose
from its moorings, and you get the general idea. On the other
side are the rare instances where a life has been spared
because somebody bungled the tying of a hangman's noose.
This suggests another important factor in rope work - it
is possible to tie a knot properly only to find that it is the
wrong knot for the purpose. Actually, thi.s may be worse
than tying the right knot the wrong way, because the mistake
is seldom recognized until it is too late. Knots that hold
under some conditions will slip under others. This is a basic
principle of rope work, and also one of the most intriguing
things about the :ITt.
All ties or fastenings that use rope or cordage fall into
three general classifications: knots, hitches, and bends. All
are "knots" in the full sense of the term, and there are some
ties which have more than one classification, their purposes
being interchangeable.
A knot, in the restricted sense, is a tie made in a rope and
usually requires the manipulation of only one end. Both ends
may be used when the rope is short enough. A hirch is used
primarily for attaching a rope to another object - a post,
ring, or what have you. This may automatically result in the
formation of a knot. Conversely, a knot may be converted to
a hitch.
A bend involves joining of two ropes so they will stand the
strain of being used as one long rope. Obviously, this can be
done by merely knotting the ends together. But a bend, in its
fullest meaning, signifies a "bending" or "binding" of ropes
to eliminate their slipping, particularly when they are of dif-
ferent size or make-up.
The classification of the tie is less important than the pur-
pose it serves, or its correct formation. Loosely speaking, you
begin yuur "knotting" wilh a single rope end, throw a
"hitch" when you attach it to an object, and "bend" two
ropes together. But, the practical way is to begin at the begin-
ning, namely with the loose end of the rope and the simpler
ways of knotting it.
II
SIMPLE KNOTS
Basic Knot Formations
In basic knot work, three terms are
used to indicate different portions of
the rope.
First, there is the loose or working
end of the rope, which is used in
forming simple knots and is referred
to as the End.
Next is the slack portion of the
rope which can be bent until it
practically doubles back on itself, and
is known as the Bight.
Finally, there is the leftover or
unused section of the rope which
includes the longer end. This is
commonly called the SUlnding Part.
At the outset, you actually only
have the working end and the
standing part. If the rope is drawn
t:lllt hetween the hands. you have two
ends ("An and "B") with a length of
rope between, "A" being the working
end and "8" the standing part.
The moment you allow any slack, a
bight hegins to form between the end
and the standing part (fig. 1). hut it is
not truly a bighl unless retained in the
doubled form.
However, if the sides are crossed, it
becomes a Loop (fig. Z). There are
twO types: the Overhand Loop, where
the end is carried over or above the
standing part of the rope; or the
hand Loop, where the end goes under
or beneath the standing part. (fig. 3)
When a loop is carried around the
standing part, it is called a Turn, or
Round Turn. Thus, to "take a rum"
around the standing part is almost the
same as forming an "overhand" loop
followed by an "underhand" loop.
These various formations are
combined in one way or another to
produce a knot, which results when
the end of the rope is properly
interwoven or inserted through a
waiting loop.
7
A
END
STANDING\\
PART B
fig. 1
l:::::=A
OVERHAND LOOP
fig. 2
B
UNDERHAND LOOP
8

OVERHAND LOOP
A
Overhand Knot
Form a loop by the end
over the standing part of the rope.
Draw the end upward through the
loop thus formed. This makes a solid
knot when drawn tight, the sort that
may be used to prevent the end of a
rope from unraveling.
Nare that if you start with an
overhand loop, you bring the end up
through to complete the komj with
an underhand loop you push the end
down through the loop to form the
knot.
OVERHAND KNOTS
Double or Triple Overhand
A
Simply continue the ordinary
Overhand Knot by bringing the end
over the loop, then push it through.
as many times as desired. Done twice.
it gilie5 you a double knot; three
times, a triple; {our times, a
quadruple; and so on, however far
you want to go. Tightened, this
becomes a very solid knot.
Figure Eight
Bend the bight of the rope until it
crosses the standing part, forming an
overhand loop (fig. 1). Then bend the
end of the rope in the opposite
direction to form an underhand loop
below the first, giving the appeanmce
of a figure "8" or the character "&"
when the free end is considered
(fig. 2).
Push the end down through the
overhand loop and the knot will be
complete (fig. 3).
Drawn tight, the Figure Eight Is a
larger and better "stopper" than the
simple Overhand Knot. This is also
called a "Flemish Knot."
B
fig. 3
B
B
9

,
A
fig. 1

A
fig. 2
10
B
fig. 1

/ig.2
f-.
B
fig. 1
Multiple Figure Eight
This is a fancier bit of rope work.
As the name implies, It is a series of
Figure Eights that can be "set up" by
forming the first (oop, then
alternating underhand and overhand
loops in &.shion
(fig. 1).
Then thread the end up through
the loop on the right. Weave it over
the bottom portion and under the top
portion of each loop, continuing until
you push it down through the top or
original Ioop, exactly as In the simple
Figure Eight (fig. 2).
Draw on the end and. the standing
part, and you will form overlapping
eights.
Stevedore's Knot
There are several variations of this
knot, but one of the simplest is a
combination of the Figure Eight with
the common Overhand Knot.
You start with an overhand loop
and continue with an underhand
loop. But, when the end is pushed
down through the origi nal loop (as in
the Figure Eight) it is then hrollghr
over it and under it again (fig. 1 ), so
that an Overhand Knot is tied to the
o riginal loop (fig. 2). It is double the
size of an Overhand Knot or a Figure
Eight, SO it makes a good handle on a
heavy rope.
A similar knor Is made starting
with an ,dinary Figure Eight, but
when Lrming the lower underhand
loop, take a futl turn around the
standing part of the rope before
pushing the end down through the
fi rst loop. This will tighten in [he
same fashion. With either version,
added turns may be used.
Stevedore's Knot (continued)
Eye Knot
This is an effective way of forming
a strong loop. Take a bight in a rope,
hold the two strands together and tie
them in a simple Overhand Knot,
allowing a portion of the bight to
extend like a loop.
Pull the kno t right, making thf' lnop
whatever size you require. The loop
can be put over a post and any pull
on the doubled rope will tighten the
knot still more.
Figure Eight Eye Knot
In this case, the bight is tied in a
Figure Eight knot, a portion being left
extended as a loop. Though bulkier
and more cumbersome than the
simpler Overhand type of Eye Knot,
this one is designed to stand more
strain on the knotted portion of the
rope.
11
8
fjg. 2
III
DOUBLE KNOTS
"Two Rope" Square Knot
Seldom. if e .... er, has the peculiar
construction of the Square Knot (or
Reef Knot) been properly analyzed.
This knot can be formed solely b.,.· the
union of two bights, nothing more.
That's right - you usc: a bight.
Take the exact center of the long
rope, and form the center into a
downward bight (fig. 1. )
Take one end of the short (ten
inch) rope and insert it through the
bight from front to back, and right to
left. Then, carry it across in front of
the neck and narrow portion of the
bight (fig. 2.)
Thrust that same end through the
hight, this time from front to back,
bringing it out the left side of the
hight, as you view it (fig. 3.)
Get the short rope "middled" and
pull the ends of both ropes. The
result is instantaneous and obvious
(fig. 4). You have a Square Knot
formed by two bights.
Note that the ropes hold strongly
15
fig. 1
="''''' .... ' ~ ........
'\
fjg.2
in that positi on. Nothing could be
stronger at the middle of a rope. If
they cause trouble, it's always when
an end is too dose.
.4>'
" ... "" ... ~ - -
You will observe, too, that the
bights can be loosened by simply
pushing them toward each other. The
operation of this knot, so simplified,
is of value in the study of the more
complicated knots that will now be
discussed.
fig. 4
fig. 3
16
8
8
8
,
,
fig. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
A
A
Square Knot or Sailor's Knot
One of the easiest knots to tie and
the best knot for certain purposes,
the Square Knot is simply two
Overhand Knots. But, be careful
when tying, otherwise, the knot will
go wrong.
The rule is this: If you begin the
first knot by forming an overhand
loop, do the same with the second
knot (fig. 1). Or> in other words, if
you cross the end in front of the
standing part to tie the first knot, do
it the same way for the second (fig.
2).
This applies when using a single
end to form the Square Knot. When
tying two ends of a short rope, it is
just as well to work with one end, so
as to keep the rule in mind.
The Square Knot is sometimes
appropriately called the "Flat Knot"
because it actually flattens when
pulled tight (fig. 3).
17
The Granny Knot
This is simpl, a mistaken form of
the Square Knot; the rule of keeping
B
, ,
the same end front is not applied.
When you tighten a Granny, its
..
make·up is easily noted in a rope,
becau3C it fails to pull flat, onc half
being tied forward, the other half
backwards, so to speak (fig. 3).
Often, a Granny Knot will jam,
making it difficult to untie. Or, in
perverse fashion, it may slip instead
of remaining tied. For this reason, the
Granny has been branded "the most
dangerous of knots," though it does
not quite deserve that stigma.
fig. 1
B
A
fig. 2
B
fig. 3
18
8
fig. 1
A
fig. 2
Rogue's Knot
Due to its odd formation, this knot
is rarely tied by accident. It lives up
to its name as a knQ[ that may be
purposely used to make the ends of a
rope pul( apart. This gives it value as
11 "trick" knot; othen'ii.5C, it i3 U 3 d ~
as welt as dangerous.
The Rogue's Knot looks like a
Square Knot and is tied in a si milar
way, but with this difference. The
long end ("Bit) is bent back on itself
before the working end ("A") is tied
on to it (fig. 1). Thus, with the first
Overhand Knot, the ends point in the
same direction. When the second
Overhand is tied on top, they point
opposite each other, as they should
(fig. Z).
As 1I re..mh, one end is below the
other I so when strain is put on the
standing part, by drawing it two ways,
the knot yields and pulls apart. So, to
make sure that a SquaTe Knot is safe,
it is wise to study the tnds and note
their position.
Surgeon's Knot
This is simply an elaboration of the
Square Knot. You begin with a
Double Overhand; then, reverse the
ends and tie a single Overhand on
top. By giving the first knot the extra
turn, it tends to hold while the
second is being added. The single
Overhand is sufficient on top, but the
knot can be "evened" by addi ng a
"double" if desired.
Such a knot is useful in tying
packages as well as in :!urgcry, from
which it gets its name.
Bow Knot
One of the simplest and most
useful knots, this is handy when it is
necessary to undo the knot quickly.
The Single Bow is a variation of the
$quare Knot, in which the working
cnd ("A") is tied about the standi ng
part ("6") or another rope end. Begin
with a simple Overhand Knot, then
take a bight in the standing part and
tie the working end around it,
forming the second knot (fig. 1).
You then have the equivalent of a
Square: Knot except that one end
("S") is doubled back through the
upper half of the knot. This can be
tightened liIee a Square Knot. To
undo it, simply pull on end "8,"
reducing the formation to a single
Overhand Knot (fig. Z).
A
fig. 1
fig. 2
19
\
-'
20
B
Double Bow
This may be tied In either of twO
ways. The first and preferable method
is to start exactly as with the Single
Bow Knot, allowing a fair amount of
length to the working end. Tie the
first Overhand Knot.
In tying the second Overhand.
form a bight in "B." hut instead of
pushing end "A" through the new
loop, draw a bight through, so that
"A" becomes identical with "8" in
formation. When it is drawn tight,
you have two loops instead of one. A
pull on either end (" A" or "B") will
undo the knot.
The alternate method is tie a Single
Overhand, then form identical bights
in "A" and "B." The bights
themselves are then tied in an
Overhand Knot on tOP of the first
one. It results in the same formation,
but is a little slower.
The Double Bow is the familiar
Shoestring or Shoelace Knot.
Everyone is familiar with it, but it can
be tied in either the "right" way or
the "wrong" way. The right way is to
follow the pattern of the Square
Knot. It will go wrong if the ends are
reversed in tying, as with the Granny
KnOt.
A
Shoestring Specials
There are twO effective ways (or
keeping shoestrings tight. One is to
use the two ends to tie an added
Overhand Knot on top of the bow
(fig. 1). The other is to form another
pair of bights in "A" and uB," tying
them as a second bow on top of the
first (fig's 2 & 3).
In each case, make sure the addtd
knot follows the proper direction. It
takes longer to undo these knots, as
the upper one must be untied in
order to get at the bow, but they stay
tight while in use.
r<:::--
A ....
->8
I
A
8
(
21
8
)
A
)
fig. 3
IV
HITCHES
About Hitches
A hitch. as its name implies. is a
means of hitching a rope to an object.
often in a temporary way, so that it
can be undone or removed quite
readily.
S u I 1 l ~ knots can be used as hitches.
as can some bends. But sailors think
of "bending" a rope rather than
" hitching" it. when making a rope
fast to an object.
One advantage of a hitch is that it
can be made direcdy about an object
- such as a post, pole or spar n
instead of having to be formed first,
like a knot. and then placed over the
object . Most hitches are specially
designed to "fall apart" when the
object is removed. In short. they are
not knots. because they have to be
made fast to an object in order to
exist.
Crossing Hitch
This si mple formation might well
be call ed the " Loop Hitch," for that
is exactly what it is, a loop that is held
together as a hitch.
If you carry the end of a rope
around an object and across the
standing part, then exert opposite
pressure so that one portion of the
rope draws upon the other , you will
have the simple Crossing Hitch.
This is useful in tying packages
along with other things, and it
answers the purpose of a knot,
proVided the ends of the: rope are:
otherwise secured.
This "loop hitch" can be used as a
"one end" fastening by forming a
loop around an object so that the
loose end is jammed between the
standi ng part and the object. A pull in
one direction will tighten the loop
and hold it in place.
25
;=----------:
26
B
fig. 1
B
fiQ.2
Half Hitch
In its simplest form, the Half Hitch
is made by looping a rope around a
post or other upright object, bringing
the end around the standing part to
take a partial tum, and pulling them
ill directions. SO that the
rope tightens there (6g. 1).
However. to make the Half Hitch
hold on its own, you must bring the
end up and around the standing part,
then tuck it down between the rope
and the post, so that it will jam there
when the loop is tightened (fig. 2).
Actually, this is the same as a
simple Overhand Knot over
the post, because your "hitch" now
has become a "knot." The chief
difference is that you can hitch the
rope to a tree, fence, metal ring, or
any object where the knot cannot be
dropped on from the top.
The Half Hitch is a basic rope
formation important to others that
follow.
Timber Hitch
So called because it can be used for
rolling logs or hoisting lumber, the
Timber Hitch is useful as a temporary
hitch that will hold while needed and
loosen easily.
It Is simply a Half Hitch with this
added twist: After drawing the end
down through the loop, bring it over
and under the side of the loop again,
50 that it jams more firmly. It thus
h«omes a double Overhand Knot,
and further turns can be taken to
triple or quadruple it, if so desi red.
Timber Hitch with Hall Hitch
This is used for hauling long
objects, such as beams, in an upright
fashion. First, form a simple Half
Hitch above the center of the object,
by making an overhand loop and
drawing the end welt down, while the
standing part goes straight up.
Allow enough bight below the Half
Hitch to form l Timber Hitch around
the lower portion of the object,
tightening the free end with the
customary double twist. Hoist the
object with the standing part of the
rope.
27
A
B
----
--- --
28
B
-
Killick Hitch
This gets its name from a "killick,"
a block of stone used as an anchor for
a small boat. Sometimes the stone is
encased in a loose "crate," but the
hitch is the same in either case.
The Kiltkk Hitch is practically the
same as the Half Hitch and the
Timber Hitch combined, but usually
a few more turns are taken with the
rope end, some extra length being
allowed for this.
Since it is used in water, the rope
tends to swell, making this a p e r m a n ~
ent fastening rather than a temporary
job.
---
{/,I.::;/ A
Fisherman's Bend
Although called a bend, this would
more correctly be called a hitch. It is
one of the strongest fastenings in that
category.
You begin by taking two round
turns about the post or orner object
[0 which you are affixing the rope.
Using the rope end, take a Half Hitch
about the standing part, then draw
the end beneath the two round turns
and tighten it. Then, take another
Half Hitch around the standing part
and draw the end tight in the usual
fashion.
Experiments with this hitch will
demonstrate its ability to stand strain.
This bend is also known as the
" Anchor Bend."
I
\
/
/
"
"
-
,
,
B B
A
B
,
"
"
,
"
"
"
,
29
30
FORM LOOP
+
fig. 1
..... ..,. DRAW
/ UP
fjg.2
Simple Slip Knot
Also known as the Running Knot
or Running Overhand, this is tied
much like the single Overhand Knot.
The end is held stationary in the
left hand while the right hand uses the
i5tanding l)li rt tu furm an overhand
loop and draw the rope up through
(fig. 1). But, having no end to draw,
the right hand must use a bight
instead (fig. 2).
The left hand tightens the knot by
pulling on the end (fig. 3), and the
bight then (orms a noose or loop that
can be drawn to any size by slipping it
through the knot. When desired, the
knot can instantly be untied by
pulling the standing parr down
through, knot and all.
,
RUNNING+
PART
fig. 3
Double Slip Knot
The Simple Slip Knot is, in effect, a
Single Bow Knot; the "bow" being
the loop or bight. You can tie a
Double Slip Knot or Double Bow in
the center of a long rope by forming
an overhand loop (as shown in fig. 1)
and drawing a bight up through it
with the right hand. while the left
presses a bight down through it (fig.
2). Pull both loops through, thus
tightening the knot between them and
the Double Bow results (fig. 3). By
drawing on the single portions of the
rope, the knot is Quickly undone.
<--
DOWN
UNDER
fig. 3
fig. 1
fig. 2
31
UP
OVER
-...
32
PULL UP T
,
SIMPLE KNOT
fjg. 1
Slippery Hitch
Start by tying a Running Knot in
the loose end of the rope (instead of
the standing part), near the end (fig.
1). The knot is formed around the
end portion of the rope.
If the loop ;s drawn liP, fhf' end
will come out through. To prevent
that, tie an ordinary Overhand Knot
- or two or three -near the end of
the rope (fig. 1). This serves as a
"stopper" when it is drawn up to the
Slip Knot (fig. 2). The result is the
true Slippery Hitch. The loop can be
" hitched" over a post and will not
pull out, thanks to the combination.
fig. 2
Running Knot and Half Hitch
With this combination, you again
tie the knot around the standing part,
so that the short end slips through
freely. Then take the end below the
knot and carry it around behind the
stnnding pnrt to the front, where it is
tucked down through the loop,
producing a Half Hitch (fig. 2).
Drawing the loop up pulls the Half
Hitch into the Running Knot. The
loop can be adjusted to almost any
size and used as a "hitch" over a post
or similar o b j ~ .
This is comparable to the Slippery
Hitch.
fig. 2
DRAW
TIGHT
fig. 1
33
34
A
q
fig. 2
-----------,;.
".
r,
(:----------
fig. 1
LAVA
OVER

fig. 4
Clove Hitch
Once you acquire the knack, you
can make this hitch in what amounts
to a single, auromadc operanon.
Hold the rope in the left hand,
slightly to the right of the center. The
left hand is tilted downward, its back
turned outward. Now, bring the right
hand across in back of the left and
grip the rope. in the same fashion but
to the left of the center (fig. 1).
Sweep the right hand to the right
and the left hand to the left, so they
assume their natural positions (fig. 2).
At the same time rum the right hand
palm upward. Twist the loose left fist
rightward and downward, planting its
knuckles squarely in the half-opened
right palm (fig. 3).
Grip both coils with the right hand
and the Clove Hitch is formed (fig.
4). Its double loop can then be
dropped over a post or other upright
object and tightened.
Midshipman's Hitch
This is simply two Half Hitches,
but with an added twist to one. The
easiest procedure is as follows: Use
the end of the rope to take a Half
Hitch around the standing parti then
follow with the second Half Hitch.,
but in completing it, make a round
turn about the standing part (fig. 1),
before drawing the end through
the loop (fig 2).
An alternate method is to make the
round turn in completing the first
Half Hitchi then simply add the
second Half Hitch in the accepted
fashion.
In either case, the Midshipman's
Hitch does not have to be looped
about an object to use iti it can be
made and adjusted like a noose and
will "stay put" when drawn tight
ALTERNATE METHOD
fig. 3
ADDED
ROUND TURN
fig. 1
fig. 2
35
36
PUSH +.
B I G H T U ~
/)
(
fig. 1
fig. 2
fjg. 3
BRING ENDS
DOWN THRU
Lark's Head
Also known as the "Baggage Tag
Loop" and the "Cow Hitch," because
of its varied uses, this is very easy to
make.
With a short rope, take a bight in
the center and push the doubled rope
up through a ring. trunk handle or
some similar object (fig. I), Bring the
ends of the rope around the attach·
ment and thrust them through the
bight or center loop (fig. 2). Pull the
ends taut and the job is done (fig. 3).
For hitching a rope to a post or a
rod, you have a slight problem, which
is easily solved if one end of the post
is "open" or free. Here we assume
that one end of the rope is already
attached, say to an animal that is
tethered. or that the rope is a very
long one and that you want to hitch it
at the center. In this case, place the
rope across the open hands, which are
held palms upward (fig. 1). Turn the
hands inward, toward each other,
gripping the rope loosely, to form
two loops with a bight between (fig.
2). At this stage, you have what is
termed a "False Lark's Head."
To make it real, twist the loops just
enough more to bring them side by
side. Slide the loops down over a
post, along a rod, or over a hook and
you have the same result as with the
simpler method. first described (fig.
3).
FALSE LARK'S HEAD
fig. 1
TWIST
(;g. 2
FINAL ~ : : : : : ~ ' )
TWIST
fig. 3
37
38
fig. 1
fig. 2
Double Lark's Head
With a short rope, twist two loops
together near the center, to form a
Lark's Head, but instead of putting it
over a post. slip it onto your left hand
and hold it mere.
Take the ends of the rope in the
right hand, push them over the bar
and bring them down through the
double loop that girds the left hand
(fig. 1). Draw the left hand from the
ropes and pull the ends tight.
The result is one Lark's Head pass--
ing through anomer at right angles,
forming a strong hitch termed a
"Double Lark's Head (fig. 2).
Triple or Interlocking Lark's
Head
This is often called the "Triple
Lark's Head" because it consists of
adding two loops to the simple Lark's
Head, one on each side, to make three
ill all. Actually, the term "interlock-
ing" is morc appropriate because the
result is a chain that can be extended
as long as the rope holds out.
Start with a simple Lark's Head,
usihg a short rope, so the ends can be
drawn through a bight that has been
looped over a ring, or preferably a
chair rung or short bar. The two ends
arc brought through the loop from
the back so that they emerge below
the bar.
Now, carry the right end up in
front of the bar, toward the right;
bring it over the bar, down in hack
and out to the front (Ag. 1), drawing
it through the loop thus formed and
pulling it tight from in front (fig. 2).
Do the same with the left end of the
rope, but in the opposite direction,
working toward the left.
I
-!.-
fig. 1
fig. 2
I
I
'"
39
OTHER METHOD
"
,
,
I
I
I
..
fig. 1
fig. 2
, -,
I
I
I
I
..
That's one way of doing it, particu.
larly if you want to add more loops i
the same fashion. But if you want to
wi nd up with a Tri ple Lark' s Head
and no more, you can vary it thus:
Take each end of the rope up in back
of the bar, over the top, down in
front and through the loop toward
the back (fig. 1). This brings two
strands side by side and forms two
conventional hitches, which are
"squared off" so to speak, with the
third or original hitch between them
(fig. 2).
In making a multiple hitch, of five,
seven, nine or more interl ocking
loops, you can use the first process
(up in front, down in back) until you
come to the final pair. Then square
them off by the reverse procedure.
To form an Interlocking Lark's
Head in the center of the rope: Hold
the rope across the hands, palms up,
and twist them together to form the
False Lark's Head. Retain this with
the left hand while the right gathers
;ddition;l coils, twisting each one
inward. Grip this with the right hand
while the left gathers its extra coils,
also working inw'ard. Slide the loops
Onto the end of the bar and that's it.
To "square off' the final loops,
simply twist them outward instead of
inward. The same can be done with
the final loops of a longer chain.
.-,
--- )
fig. 1
Crossed Lark's Head
In forming thi" vlui:ltinn, place the
rope across the palm of the right
hand, wi th the fingers pointing
roward the left, so that the right hand
can grip the rope in a loose fist.
A linle below that, the left hand
grips the rope in si milar fashion, but
palm downward, with in; fingers
poi nting toward the right (fig. 1).
Now, twist the hands in the same
direction, in this case toward the left ,
so that each hand forms a loop in its
portion of the rope. These loops will
be "opposites" - one an overhand.
the other an underhand (fig. 2).
Bring the loops side by side (fig. 3)j
slide them together over a post or a
hook. The Crossed Lark's Head is the
result (fig. 4).
fig. 4
41
fig. 2
fig. 3
42
(ONE INWARD TWIST)
--\(c-5Jf--
(ig.1
(TWO INWARD TWISTS)
fig. 2
(3 INWARD TWISTS)
fig. 3
Racking Hitch
This is an extension of the Lark's
Head as formed from the double
loops (fig. 1). Before bringing the
loops together, give them anomer
twist toward each other; then slide
them on the object (fig. 2). nih.
forms a tighter hitch and spreads the
strain on the rope making the hitch
more reliable.
Like the Larks's Head, the Racking
Hitch falls apart as soon as drawn
clear from the object to which it is
attached.
Cat's-paw
More twists are added, loop to
loop -three, (our, five or whatever
number you wish - to form the
Cat's-paw, which this hitch somewhat
resembles in appearance. With a
twisted rope, this should be done
against the "lay" or "twist," adding
more strength proportionately (fig.3).
Ordinarily. both loops of the
paw are slipped over the same object,
but they can be attached sepatately,
say to two hooks that are set a short
distance apart. The
tion of the tope then serves as a sort
of hanger, running between the
hooks.
Note that the illustration shows an
unbalanced with an extra
twist on the left. In the standard
another twist should be
added on the right, to make them
equal.
V
BENDS AND KNOTS FOR
JOINING ROPE ENDS
KnoHy Alternatives
The familiar Square Knot or Reef
Knot, though often used for tying the
ends of two ropes together, is actually
a poor knot for that purpose. Aside
from the risk of mistakenly tying a
Granny, or worse, a Rogue's Knot,
the Square Knot can be converted
into a Slip Knot if one rope is drawn
straight by pulling on both the end
and standing part.
The "knot" then becomes a simple
Lark's Head in one rope. hitched over
another rope, (lssbown in figure 1.
As such, it can be slid off the end of
the ocher rope, if the end happens to
be loose.
This can be used, however, as a
method for afftxing the center of a
short rope to that of a longer one, by
simply working in reverse, as follows:
Take a bight in the center of a short
rope. Bring it up in back of the long
rope and down over the front. Bring
the ends of the short rope up through
the loop thus formed and draw them
tallt (fig. 2 ). To convert this into a
Square Knot, press the bight upward
and draw the twO strands of the
longer rope in that same direction,
keeping them together (fig. 3).
In joining twO rope ends, the
Square Knot becomes still more risky
if the ropes are of difft::rt::nt sut::, matc:'
rial or finish. Here, a Square Knot is
less likely to hold than other knots
commonly used as joins. Even with
all things being equal- ropes
included - the very formation of the
Square Knot. or its halfsized edition
the Overhand Knot, reduces the
strength of the rope to 50 percent or
less.
Other types of knots, bends and
hitches show a much higher effiden,
cy I holding ability and adaptability
tuwarJ meeting strain, that gives them
special merit as rope joi ners. These
form the subject of this chapter.
45
fig. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
fig. 1
Double Overhand
A quick. sure way of tying the ends
of two ropes together is to lay the
ends side by side and tie them as one
(fig. 1), by means of an ordinary
Overhand Knot. When this is tight-
ened and the standing parts of the
two ropes are pulled in opposite
directions, the knot becomes very
firm (fig. 2).
This knot, though it will never slip,
is cumbersome and bulky in
appeuance.
fig. 2
Ordinary Knot
Though formed by two simple
knots, this is not as "ordinary" as its
name would imply. However. its
formation is an easy one to follow.
Take one rope and tie a loose
Overhand Knot nen( one end. Take
the other rope and bring it end to end
with the first (fig. 1).
Pushing it backward through the
knot, follow the direction of the first
rope (fig. 2).
Thus the second rope end is tied in
an identical knot, headed the other
way (fig. 3).
When the end of the second rope
emerges, pull the two knots tight and
they become the Ordinary Knot.
47
= = = = = = = = = = = = ~ ~
-'
fig. 1
48
fig. 1
Flemish Knot
This is another quick and simple
way of joining two rope ends. Lay
them together and tie them as one in
the form of a Figure Eight Knot (fig's
1 & 2). Pull on the standing parts of
the two ropes and the doubled knot
will tighten (fig. 3).
... ,
y.- .....
I ' \
,
\
\
fig. 1
Figure Eight Hand Knot
A neater knot can be formed by
first tying a Figure Eight in one rope
end, then "following back" through
the loose knot with the end of the
second rope (fig's 1 & Z). This is also
caJled a Flemish Knot but it is better
termed the Figure Eight Hand Knot.
fig. 2
49
50
BIGHT -+
THRU
BIGHT
-
,
,
,
A
fig. 1
fig. 2
HALF
'HITCH'
Sheet Bend
This method of joining twO ropes
of different sizes is stronger than the
commonly used Square Knot. It also
can be used for tying ropes of the
same size or two ends of a single rope.
The tic is simpli city i t ~ l f . Take: II
bight near the end of one rope and
hold it in position with the left thumb
and fingers (fig. 1). The right hand
grips the other rope end and throws a
Half Hitch around the bight (fig. 2).
Then, instead of tucking the loose
end under the standing part of the
rope, the right hand pushes it through
the bight held by the ltit (fig. 3). Pull
the ropes tight and the Sheet Bend is
completed.
fig. 3
fig. 1
Weaver's Knot
The Weaver's Knot is practically
identical with [he Sheet Bend, the dif.
Ference being the manner in which the
knot is tied. weavers using a process
suited to the joining of two threads.
51
fig. 2
52
A
fig. 1
B
fig. 2
fig. 3
Carrick Bend
One of the strongest of knots, this
is also one of the simplest, though it
may not seem so when you first try it.
Actually, it consists of two
woven overhand loops, one formed
by each ropt: cnO. It is getting them
into that position that poses the
problem.
To start, form an overhand loop
with end "A" (fig. 1) and then lay
end "B" across the loop (fig. 2).
From then on, end "S" is worked
under and over each successive rope
strand, to form the linking loop, as
indicated by the arrow in
figure 2.
Where you may go wrong with the
Carrick Bend is at the very start. The
end of the second rope, "B", must go
over both portions of the loop
formed by the first rope, "At!. (It
would seem that it should alternate in
fashion, which it does.
but not until end " B" is brought into
position.) (fig. 3)
A
- ~ - -
8
fig. 1
The English Knot
Though known under a vari ety of
names, such as the "Waterman's
Knot" and the "Fisherman's Knot,"
this knot definitely seems of English
origin, so the name English Knot or
Englishman's KnOt is an appropriate
one.
The tie is an easy one, done thus:
Lay the ends of two ropes - "A"
and "8" -so thnt they overlap, each
pointing opposite to the other (fig. I).
Tie the end of Rope A around the
standing part of Rope B, using a sim-
ple Overhand Knot. Then tie the end
of Rope B around the standing part of
Rope A in identical fashion
(fig. 2). Draw the standing parts in
opposite directions and as the ends
come together, the knots will jam into
one, forming a strong join.
:
fig. 2
53
A
8
VI
LOOPS AND NOOSES
About Loops
Loops figure prominently in the
early pages of this book, some of the
knots discussed, specifically the
ning Knot or Slip Knot, actually
belong with those about to be
described.
This chapter is limited to special
loops of the most useful type, with
orner loop formations appearing later.
It must be remembered that there are
as many variations of loops as there
are of knnN>.
In fact, the more complicated the
formation, the more chance there is
of going astray. Hence, it is preferable
here to concentrate on basic
formations.
The Bowline
This knot is also known as the
"Standing Bowline." Though simple,
it is somewhat tamalizinl!:, and can be
Quickly and automatically made once
you gain the knack.
There are several ways of making it,
but one of the easiest is as follows:
Start with an overhand loop, which
serves as an "eve." Put end "A" (fig.! )
up through the loop, then under. the
standing part, to form a turn (fig. 2).
This brings the end over the
ing part. Thrwst the end down
through the "eye" to form a bight
(fig. 3). Grip both portions of the
bight with vue hand and pull on the
standing part with the othet hand.
Thus the eye becomes a tight knot
below which you have a large loop for
mooring purposes or for lowering and
raisi ng persons or objects. The knot is
strong and will neither slip nor jam.
57
fig. 3
58
+--
\
I
I
I
./ fig. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
Figure Eight or Fal •• Bowline
Tie a Figure Eight Knot, starting
upward with an overhand loop and
following with an underhand loop
above it. Allow enough rope for a
long end, as you hring it down
through the lower loop to complete
the Figure Eight (fig. 1).
Form a bight below the knot and
bring the rope end down through the
lower loop of the Figure Eight (6g's 2
& 3), following the same line as
before. Pull the knot til!ht and the job
is done.
As you see, this resembles the
familiar Standing Bowline. Some
claim this is the "True Bowline,"
meaning it was the original Bowline
or at least an early type.
Others call thi5 the " False B o w ~
line," and that is appropriate because
it will give under too much strain.
However I that can be remedied to
some degree by adding I Half Hitch
to the loose end, as shown
(fig. 4). The knot. when tightened,
will then tend to jam.
Spanish Bowline
There are various ways of forming
this excellent Bowline featured by a
double loop. The method shown here
is one of the simplest.
Begin by doubling a bight under the
center of rope, crossing the ends am.I
forming two loops (fig. 1). Draw each
strand up through the loop to form
twO extended bights as shown in f i g ~
ure 2.
Each bight must then be twisted in
an outward direction. This is easily
done by gripping them with the
thumb and forefinger of each hand
and turning them away from each
other. A half twist puts them in p o s i ~
tion (fig. 3).
Now, take each side of the lower
loop. Draw these upward so they pass
over and then under the strands that
comJX)Se the upper loops, exactly as
shown by the arrows in figure 3.
Pull the center knot right, retaining
the loops in their extended fashion.
This forms the two--looped Spanish
Bowline (fig. -1-) . Inverted, it is
gripped by the ends, so that the loops
dangle and can be used for lifting
purposes.
fig. 4
S9
fig. 1
TWIST BIGHTS OUTWARO
"
(ig.2
fig. 3
60
fjg. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
French Bowline
Here is a Bowline
with a special advantage: When you
draw out one loop, it tightens the
other, This makes it as a
ble sling. You can sit in one loop,
wrap the other around your chest and
let your friends hoist you high, wide
and handsome.
Start with a simple Overhand Knot
as in figure 1. Then bring the end
over again, forming what is virtually a
Double Overhand (fig. 2). Now, run
the end up through the loop. carry it
around behind the standing part and
bring it down through the same loop,
in front (fig. 3).
Then, in a si mple reversal of the
course, bring the rope end back along
its tt":lck. Tighten the knot thus
formed and the French Bowline is
complete (fig. 4). This knot is
times called the "Portuguese
line," but that name is also applied to
another double formation.
fig. 4

The Lasso or Honda Knot
To form a lasso, tie a tight O v e r ~
hand Knot in the rope end to sen'c as
a "stopper" (fig. 1). Then tie a loose
Overhand Knot in the standing part,
above the end" so that the end
emerges from the front of the loop,
toward the right (fig. Z).
Now, bring the end of the rope in
back of the loop and draw it up
through from the left (as shown by
the arrow in fig. 2). to form a loop
within the loop, the end going
through the lower portion of the knot
as shown in figure 3.
Though simple, this knot must be
carefully formed, so that when it is
drawn tight the "stopper" knot will
catch and hold. This also is known as
a "Honda Knot."
To complete the lariat, draw a bight
through the large loop to form a r u n ~
ning noose.
61
fig. 1
fig. 2
VII
ROPE SHORTENINGS
Too Much Rope
When you have too much rope for
a particular purpose, there is a simple
solution - shorten it.
Someone unfamiliar with rope
work might think that means cutting
the rope to the required length. But
sometimes you don't know how
much rope you require until you have
experimenttd with it; or, you may not
want to cut the rope. You may need it
later as a rope. So the
problem is how to make it shorter
but still keep it long.
That is done with "shortening"
knots or other formations. These
"shorteners" are not only useful,
many of them are ornamental. Most
rope workers are introduced to fancy
rope work through knots of this type.
So try this "short" way to tKpert
ropemanship with these shortening
formations. You will find it
ing, as well as practicaL After experi-
menting with these. you can continue
with more ornamental knots in the
following chapter entides "Fancy and
Decorative Knots."
65
66
A
fig. 1
fig. 2
Single Chain Twist
Commonly known as a "Monkey
Chain, " this is a quick, easy and
effective way of shortening rope. First
you tie a Slip Knot around the end
("A"), allowing the end as much
length as desired (fig. 1).
Then take a bight below the knot
and push it down through the bight
already formed there (fig. 2). That is,
you put the bight through the bight,
making them about equal size.
Continue thus, bight after bight,
ea\,h lhruugh the one above undl you
have all the "links" that you require.
Tr.en push end "AU down through
the fi nal bight (fig. 3). That equalizes
ends "A" and "B" - each going
through a loop - and pulling the
ends [ i g h t ~ the chain.
fjg.3
Double Chain Twist
Take two bigbts in a rope. one in
each hand, so that it forms a letter
"M," the end ("A") dangling at the
left, the standing part ("B") at the
right (fig. 1). cross the right-
hand bight in front of the left to form
a loop.
This gives you three strands of rope
which may be termed "X," "Y," and
"Z" from left to right (fig. 2). Starting
downward from the crossing, bring
"X" over in front of "Y," "Z" over in
front of "X," "Y" over in front of
"Z," and so on, moving the strands in
lefHight, left-right order (fig. 3).
As you do this, keep drawing end
.. A" completely through the loop,
otherwise it will become snarled from
the twisting. At the bot-
tom, end "A" goes through the loop
automatically (fig. 3). By drawing on
ends "A" and "8" the double chain is
tightened..
Due to the twisting process, the
knots formed in this type of shorten-
ing are sometimes termed "T wise
Knots."
x
67
A
B
fig. 1
A
B
fig. 2
68
fig. 1
--
~
,
,
\
FORMA
DOUBLE
BIGHT
LOOP
OVER
'\
'12
HITCH
.... REPEAT HERE
#g.2
The Sheepshank
The most famous and useful of
rope "shorteners," this also is a
"strengthener". as it supplies tripl e
strands at any portion of a single
rope.
Take a bighlnear the cenrer of a
rope and take another bight in the
opposite direction, one running
upward, the other downward (fig. 1).
For si mplicity, assume that the
upward bight is at the left, the stand·
ing part of the rope at the right.
Twist the standing part to form an
underhand loop and slip it over the
upward bight. pulling the loop tight
so that it is practically locked in place
(fig. 2).
Now do the same with the downw.
nrd bight, but in reverse fashion. To
simplify this, turn the rope upside
down so that you will be performing
exactly the same operation as before.
The result is simplicity itself - two
oPlX>Site bights in the cenrer of the
rope, each gripped by a Half Hitch
(fig. 3). The harder you pull on the
rope ends, the firmer it becomes. If
there is any danger of a slip, insert
two toggl es or bars through the loops
that project from the circling Half
Hitches.
fig. 3
The Catshank
Similar to the Sheepshank in
appearance and purpose. this also can
be made in the center of a long rope
without using the ends, which makes
ir very prllctica.i for specific purposes.
To form the Catshank, tie two
Running Knots or simple Slip Knots a
foot or more apan. Double the rope
between them to form opposite bights
as with the Sheepshank. Draw the
bights through those opposite knots
until the rope i:.: suitably :shortened
(fig. 1). Then pull the knots tight by
Ngging the main portions of the rope
toward the ends.
This final action gives an excellent
Idea of the strength and resistance of
the Catshank.
69
fig. 1
fig. 2
70
fig. 1
TIE
... HERE
REPEAT
HERE
The Dogshank
With a rope where the ends are
handy I this is a simple and effective
way of shortening it still more. You
begin with the customary opposite
bights, taken in the center of the
rope, like an elongated letter "5."
Then simply tie one end to the bulge
of the opposite hight, using a simple
Overhand Knot (fig. 1). Tie the other
end to its opposite bight in the same
fashion. You can allow whatever
length you want to the projecting
ends, the actual shortening being
done by the shank.
Overhand Knot with
Sheepshank
This is the simplest and quickest of
all rope shortenings, when using a
rope with both ends available. Form a
doubled bight in the center of the
rope (in and tie the triple
strands in an ordinary Overhand
Knot. Pull it tight by the projecting
bows or loops (fig. 1).
When these loops are fairly long,
you can add a Sheepshank by
ing a Half Hitch around each loop,
just as if it were the center of a bight
- which it is (fig. 3). In this case,
since the ends of the rope are
ble, you can make the hitches close to
the loop ends. Then draw the rope
ends right through the tiny loops thus
formed and pull them tight (as shown
by the arrows in fig. 3), jamming the
hitches and giving them added
strength. This can be done with an
ordinary or Catshank,
too, when the loose ends are handy.
Overhand Knot with Sheepshank
71
fig. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
fig. 4
72
/
I
I
I
\
\
,
..
,
,
,
\
, I
, /
.. ~ ---
Jury Knot with Sheepshank
This combination is strong and u s e ~
ful, as well as highly ornamental. You
begin by making a] ury Mast Knot
(see following chapter), which wi nds
up with opposite loops or bights.
along with single strands (fig. 1). Use
the single ropes to form Sheepshanks
with the proper bights (fig. 2). The
whole combination can be made in
the center of a rope without access to
the ends and the knot between the
hitches relieves strain :If.; well :1.5
adding strength .
,
,
/
I
I
,
fig. f
,
fig. 2
,.
,
,
,
/
/
,
\
I
I
I
VIII
FANCY AND DECORATIVE KNOTS
Plain and Fancy
From plain knots fancier types can
be formed, since the basic features of
bights, loops, and turns are merely
compounded in the making of the
more intricate rope designs.
A knot that is complicated is not
entitled to the rating of "fancy. " It
should be decorative as well - and if
useful, so much the better. Along
with these features, there is the actual
formation of the knots, some having
special merit because of the ingenious
W:ly!'l in which they are £a"hioned.
These points will become apparent
when working with the knots in this
section.
75
76
fig. 2
fig. 1
Tom Fool Knot
This is simply an extension of the
Running Knot, a double form which
may be made very rapidly in three
moves, as follows: Grip me rope in
the left fist, knuckles down, and in
the right fist, knuckles up. allowing
several inches of rope between them
(fig. 1). Turn the hands toward each
other (fig. 2), bringing the knuckles
together, at the same time slanting
them slightly forward and downward,
so that the rope forms a
bight extending out beyond the fists
(fig. 3).
With the first two fingers of the
right hand, dip the rope extending in
hack of the left; with the first two
gers of the left hand, dip the rope
extending in back of the right hand.
Draw the hands apart (fig. 4).
The final action forms the double
loop. This is a type of handcuff tie,
the loops can be slipped over a
son's wrists and then drawn tight,
though it needs added knots to make
it secure.
fig. 4
The Shamrock
A highly ornamental knot, yet ea$.
ily formed if the rope is laid out on a
flat surface and the directions are
carefully followed. You need a short
rope since both ends are used in the
fotmation of the Shamrock.
Tie a simple Overhand Knot with
the loop above it and bring the ends
up and above the loop, one on each
side (fig. 1). The end at the right
("A") is then carried toward the left
and the loop is extended to lie aerOAA
it. The end at the left ("B") is then
laid across the loop toward the right
(fig. 2).
Carry end "A" down over both
portions of the bight formed by end
"8." Push end "A" down through the
left half of the original Overhand
Knot (as shown by the arrow in fig.
2), through the little loop "X".
Now bring end "B" down beneath
both portions of the bight formed by
end "A." That done, work end "B"
up throuah the tiny loop f o r m i n ~ the
right half of the original Overhand
Knot, indicated as "Y" (as shown by
the arrow in fig. 2).
Pull the ends ("A" and "B")
straight down, tightening the center of
the Shamrock and at the same time
arranging the three big loop-' in uni·
form fashion to form the petals of the
d";gn (fig. 3).
x V
fig. 1
fig. 2
A B
fig. 3
77
78
PULL
",-
LAYOUT
fig. 1
Jury Mast Knot
Working from left to right, form
an overhand loop ("X") with the left
hand. Continue and form another
overhand loop ("Y") with the right
hand. Hold these so that the left loop
("X") slightly overlaps the right loop
(fig. 1).
Let these loops lie loosely on the
hands which are palms up, fingers tip
to tip. Dip the left thumb and f o r e ~
finger down through "X" and grip the
left side of "Y," Work the right
thumb and forefinger up through "Y"
and grip the right side of "X" (as
shown by the arrows in fig. 1). Pull
the hands apart and the knot is
formed (fig. 2).
It gains its name from the fact that
it was used to rig a temporary "jury"
mast, the center being placed over the
top of the mast and the loops fixed
with guy lines to the deck.
RESULT
fig. 2
Double Jury Knot
Here you layout three overhand
loops ("X," "Y," "Z"), in that order
from left to right. "Y" overlaps "X"
and "Z" overlaps "¥." as shown in
figure 1.
The loops should be placed on a
79
flat surface, 50 that they can he easily
handled. Draw the right side of loop
" X" over the first rope to its right, .... -
under the next and over the last. PULL
At the same time, work the left side
of loop "Z" under the first TOpl'! to it. ..
left -which is the right side of "X"
- then over the next and under the
last (as shown by the arrows in fig.
1). Pull those extended ropes toward
left and right and you will have two
big loops (fig. 2).
Those account for "X" and "Z,"
but what about the middle loop, "Y"?
You can reclaim "Y" by drawi ng it
out from the bottom of the knot, 50
that it forms a third loop below and
between the other rwo (fig. 2).
For nautical purposes, a fourth
loop can be formed by knotting the
rwo loose ends, but when used to att-
ach a guy line, these are generally
spUced for greater holding strength.
1 r
x
BIND
ENDS
PULL
fig. 1
z
fig. 2
80
fig. 1
fig. 2
An Oriental Knot
Typical of many knots of Oriental
origin, this one is formed by weaving
the rope ends through three loops, in
an alternating "overhand" manner.
Start with a loop in the center of
the rope and form two others to the
left side and below it, one overhand,
the other underhand, as shown in
figure 1.
Cross the rope ends right over left
(fig. 2) up through the lower loops,
the left end going under and nver, the
right end over and under (as indicated
by the arrows in fig. 2).
Weave the ends on up through the
top loop, the left going under the
loop, over the right end and under
the loop; the right going over the
iuup, uliI.lt:r the Idt end and over {he
loop (fig. 3).
If the ends are tied or drawn up
together) the knotted center may be
tightened, so that the lower loops
resemble those of a Double Bowline.
Or the ends can be seized to form a
third loop, like the Jury Mast Knot or
similar designs.
fig. 3
IX
TRICKS WITH KNOTS
Presenting Knot Tricks
Here we have a series of really baf-
fli ng rope tricks, which the reader will
find easy to perform once he "knows
his knots." The reason the knot tricks
are "easy" is that knots,loops and
uther formations are very difficult for
the eye to follow. No quickness of the
hand is needed to deceive the eye in
this type of wizardry. The ropes
accomplish the deception.
For that reason most knot tricks
should be done slowly and deliber-
ately; but at the same time smoothly.
That is, they should be practiced to
the point where there is no hesitation,
for any fumbling may give away some
important maneuver that is being
done at that particular point.
Hasty work, hesitation, or anythinQ
that detracts from smoothness gives
the impression that the trick is all in
the knots, rather than the performer's
skill. Actually, that is true, but it is
the one thing that the rope wizard
doesn't want his audience to discover.
Once you have learned your knot
tricks, you can concentrate on them
when you demonstrate them. You
don't have to "sell" your audience
with glib talk. nor worry about
sleight-of-hand, special gimmicks. or
other problems that confront the
impromptu or amateur magician.
Knot tricks are "self-working" in the
true sense of the term.
Most knot tricks are good "repeat-
ers," too. The sort that can be
worked time and again before the
saUle group of spectators and still
keep them pwzled.
It is better, though, to vary your
tricks. expanding your " repertoire" as
far as possible so that it will retain an
air of novelty.
83
B4
FINGER TRAPPED
.J.
LEFT
LAYS
END
OVER
SIGHT
PULL
-OR
BIGHT
OVER
END
BOTH ENDS DOWN
"
RIGHT
ADJUSTS
LOOP
fig. 2
fig. 3
Slip the Loop
A short rope is laid on the table so
that it forms a figure eight with one
end completely encircling it (fig. 1).
Have a friend place rus finger in the
center loop - the upper circle of the
"8" - and you pull the ends of the
rope. His finger is napped in a
ened double loop.
When you insert your own finger,
however, the result is different. A tug
of the ends and the loop whisks
pletely clear. In brief. the loop can
either trap the finger or come clear,
whichever way you choose.
The trick depends on how you lay
the rope. Set it as shown in the first
diagram and you will snare the finger
when it is placed in the loop. Lay the
rope 85 5hown in dll: St:I.:OIIJ Jrawinl!:
and it will come dear.
In laying the rope, start with the
left end and carey the right end down
below the left, so it forms an open
bight instead of a dosed loop. Then
conti nue dear around with the right
end. This is shown in the third
gram, which is the crux of the trick
because: fu the right hand draws its
end tighter, the left hand completes
the lower loop by simply laying its
end over the bight to produce the
"finger trap" shown in the first dia-
gram. Or, instead, the left hand
simply lifts the bight and lays it over
the loose end, the second
scoop, wherein the loops slide free.
In either case, the slight action of
the left hand goes unnoticed as it is
apparently adjusting the rope. To all
appearances, the figutes are identicaL
On Again - Off Again
Here is another version of the fin·
ger and loop Stunt. which uses a dif·
ferent way of placing the cord. Again,
it appears in the shape of an "8." but
the uppet loop, in which the finger is
inserted, may be made considerably
larger (fig. 1).
Arranged as in the fitst diagram,
the loop will snag the finger when the
ends of the cord are pulled. The
second diagram shows the form in
which the loops pull dear.
Start with the left end, forming the
loops as in the "key" diagram, so that
the end can bf' slid over or under the
bight to produce the result desired
(fig. 2).
This is recommended as an alter·
nate for the previous method. Switch
!Tom one to the other and you will
keep keen observers baffled when you
repeat the stunt.
FREED
~
PULL DOWN
BOTH ENDS
fig. 3

LEFT
TRAPPED
PUll DOWN
BOTH ENDS
fig. 1
LAYS END
OVER BIGHT
-OR
VICA
VERSA
fig. 2
85
~
RIGHT
DRAWS END
DOWN
fig. 1
RIGHT
HAND
Go-Go Knots
You tie a series of simple Overhand
Knots along a length of rope, working
from the left end to the right, SO that
the knots run in regular order (fig. 1).
T (l.king the ends of the rope, you say
"Go!" I give the rope a quick stretch
and the knots arc gone.
This is done as follows: Keep the
knots "open" so they can be looped
or gathered over the extended left
gen, starting with the knot at the left.
The right hand helps in this
clure and you must be careful to place
each knot exactly the same way,
without twisting the rope. The right
hand tucks its end of the rope
between the projecting left fingers.
Turn the left hand so the right co. n
grip the left end of the rope (fig. 2).
With the word "Gal", pull the hands
wide apart. The left hand comes
through the coiled knots, eliminating
them instantly.
LEFT
FINGERS
CLIP
RIGHT
END
fig. 2
Shake Them Away
This is a more deliberate version of
the "G<YD:o Knots," done in one,
hand style. The right hand makes a
hypnotic pass as the left hand shakes
the rope and the knots evaporate.
The trick is done as follows: Pro-
ceed as with the "G<YD:o Knots" until
the left fingers obtain their hold on
the right end of the rope. Then tum
the left hand completely over, so it is
knuckles downward. Let the coils
slide from the hand as you sha.ke the
rope and the trick is done.
Again, be sure that the knots are
not drawn too tightly, as they must
shake away easily. This has a very
mysterious effect.
87
B8
fig. 1
The Impossible Knot
Most people would agree it's
impossible to tie a knot in the middle
of a rope while you are holding both
ends. So you take a rope and proceed
to prove that you can do it.
Here is the method: Lay a short
rope on a table and fold your arms
(fig. 1). Foreword and grip one end of
the rope with the thumb and fingers
of your right hand, the other with
your left. Simply unfold your arms
and draw the enck of the rope tlpllI"t.
As your arms unfold, a knot will tie
itself automatically (fig. 2).
RESULT
fig. 2
Double Cut and Restored
Rope
In this simple but effective version
of the "cut rope" trick, you cut a
rope into three lengths which are then
knottpr! together. A few magic passes,
and the knots are gone and the single
rope is restored in full.
Actually, you don't cut the rope
into three lengths at all . You begin by
showi ng a single rope. then double it
into twO bights up and down (fig. I ),
so that yuu I.:au tie til e ends to the
bightS in the manner of a Catshank
(fig. 2).
Draw out the loops to equal
lengths, so that only an inch (or less)
of rope projects from each end. State
that you have divided the rope into
three sections _which you have -
and that you will now cut the secti ons
apart. To all appearances, you do just
that, but in actuality you don' t.
Instead of cutting the bights, you
use a pair of scissors to cut the stand-
ing part of each rope. just below thi-
knot (see fig. 2). That is, you really
cut off the rope ends and the knots
with them, but the knots naturally
stay in place.
You now take the rope by its new
"ends" and the two knots, spaced
equally along the rope. give the false
impression that the rope has been cut
into three parts, whereas it is still all
one.
To "restore" the rope: Take one
end on the left hand. With the right
h:mr! , coil the rope around the
left, drawing the right hand down the
rope as you do. As you come to the
knots, carry them along with the Tlght
hand, which takes them off the end.
You must now dispose of the tell-
tale knots. The simplest way is to
reach for the scissors which yuu
to cut the rope. Pick them up from
TIE END
69
"---""
fig. 1 TIE END
CUT ...
... CUT
fig. 2
90
'.
\,
the table with the right hand. leaving
the knots in their place. Wave the
scissors, saying that they cut the rope
and will now magically restore it-
along with the secret words "Mumbo
Jumbo." Lay aside the scissors, take
the ends of the rope and stretch it
straight. showing it "restored."
Comedy "CuI-Rope" Climax
Disposal of the cut.rOff knots is the
only problem with the "Double Cut"
rope trick. It's not much of a prob-
lem, if you have some artide lying on
the table to hide them, such as a
handkerchief which can later be
pocketed, along with the knots. H o w ~
ever, there is a simpler solution to the
problem; that is to let the knots d i s ~
pose of themselves, as part of a
comedy climax. In this case, you
don't bother to coil me rope around
your left hand. You give the ends to
someone and tell him to hold the
rope taut.
Then you turn to another person
and ask, "Are you sure those are
knots?" When he says, "Yes," you
announce: "All right, I'll restore the
rope by magic" - here you make
some mystic passes - "and since we
won't need the knots. you can have
them. "
With that, you pluck the knots
from the rope and hand them to your
friend, while you take the rope and
show it intact. Oddly enough, this
bold handling of the k.nots makes the
trick all the more puuling to t>OIlIl:
people.
Snap-Off Knots
Another climax to the "Double
Cut" is to retain the rope yourself
after you have made the cuts. Dangle
it by the ends, repeat the magic words
and give the rope a hard snap by
spreading your arms and pulhng it
taut.
The knots wiu then snap off the
rope and fall to the floor while the
onlookers stare in surprise at the
tored rope, the whole effect being
You can give the rope
for inspection and then pick up the
loose ends - or ignore them.
I( you use this climax, be sure to
cut the knots very close, so that they
will snap away. With some types of
rope, it also is a good plan to press
them wlth thumb and Ongets to make
SUfe they arc loose enough to snap
off.
I
/
SNAP
OFF
KNOTS
91
X
ROPE TIES AND RELEASES
94
Sketches of Houdini coiling the rope
for the to Amazing Knots" trick during
the opening of a rope tia; al.:t,
Special Rope Stunts
Though the added effects in this
chapter are simple to perform, they
are somewhat different from ordmary
knot tricks, and so have been
included in a group of their own.
With lhesc: you require: some
emphasis on presentation, as some are
performed "under cover" or require
special appliances. Reserve them for
the right audience or suitable occa-
sion where they wilJ be most
effective.
Three Amazing Knots
You hold a sixAoot length of rope
between your hands, casually coil it,
and give it a hard fling, retaining one
end as you do so. Instantly, three
knots appear at intervals along the
rope!
These "Spirit Knots," as they are
sometimes called, (Ice secretly formed
as follows:
Lay the left end of the rope across
the open left hand, which is palm up.
Bring the right hand palm up beneath
the rope, grip the rope loosely and
--
95
96
fig. 1
fig. 2
\
tum the right toward the left. so that
the right comes knuckles down (fig.
1). This automatically forms an
underhand loop, which the right hand
hangs over the extendo:lleft fingers
(fig. 2). Move the right hand along
the rope to the right and repeat the
maneuver with the second loop. Then
go farther to the right and form a
third loop the same way.
fig. 3
All this is done openly and a b o v e ~
board. Now comes the simple but
unnoticed move that produces the
climax. As your right hand places the
finaiioop, you dip the right thumb
and forefinger through all three. loops
and grip the left end of the rope(fig.3).
BrinR that end back through the
loops, draw it clear, and give the ropt
a fling with the right hand, retaining
the end which you have gripped (fig. 4).
That action will form the knots
along the rope. Don't be stingy with
the loops; make them ample and the
trick i.!J sure.
97
/
98
Houdini'. Knot Mystery
Here is Houdini's version of the
"spooky knots" on a larger scale, that
actually baffled persons familiar with
the original trick. You can do it your·
self, under the proper conditions,
which are as foHows:
Show your friends a rope measur·
ing thirty feet or morl! - and say that
you will have the spooks tie some
knots in it. To prove that some such
force is necessary I you tie 'one end of
the rope around :I person's waist and
the other end around a second per·
son's waist. The main porrioll of the
rope is lying coiled on the floor
between your two volunteers (fig. 1).
It is impossible to get at the rope and
tie knots in it; that is, impossible for
anyout: except the friendly "spirits"
upon whom you call. Since spirits
work only in the dark, the lights are
turned off.
You then tell the two volunteers to
move to opposite corners of the room
so the spooks will have space in
which they can operate. You call for
lights and "mysteriously" the rope is
stretched taut between the two
fig. 1
helpers with knots ::It regular i n t e r ~
vals. Since you couldn't have had a
thing to do with it, the knots must
have been tied by the obliging spooks.
That, at least, is your story. Here is
how you really do it. In coiling the
rope on the floor use " underhand"
loops as described in "TIu«: Amuing
Knots." But in this case, the loops
must be very large, three feet across
or more.
Once tlfe lights are out, pick up all
the loops together and drop them
over the head and shoulders of the
helper on the left (fig. Z). Start that
person to the far corner of the room.
That will draw out the rope and form
the knots automatically (fig. 3),
bttause putting the loops DUet the
helper is the same as putting the left end
of the rope thTOUgh the loops. The end
goes through the loops and the knots
appear, but on a bigger scale and
under mysterious conditions.
Just pick the proper helper for the
person on the left; either a friend who
will work with you, or someone who
will blame the "spooks" for pushing
them around. Then the trick will be
all the simpler.
fig. 3
99
fig. 2
100
A
8
fig. 1
Knot DIssolving Tube
Here is something really
dimensional. A fantastic tube that
dissolves knots inserted into it!
To prove the tube's special
ties, you take a light rope and tie a
simple Overhand Knot around the
outside of the tube, in such a manner
that the left end ("A") is the upper
end, and the right end ("B") is the
lower end (fig. 1).
Bring the right strand of the rope a
few inches downward hold it against
the tube with the left thumb while
you carry the right end of the rope
clear around the tube with the right
hand. You then tie another knot, just
like the first, using end "B" in the
process.
Bring the right end downward
again, and hold the rope with the left
thumb while the right hand carries its
end ("S") around the tube and ties a
third knot. This is near the lower end
of the tube and the rope end ("B")
now dangles free (fig. 2).
I
I
\

I
8
Now take the upper end of the
rope ("A") and drop it down through
the tube (as indicated by the arrow in
fig. Z). When it comes out the bot-
tom, give it to someone to hold.
Next, draw all the knots upward in
a bunch and as they come off the top,
push them down into the tube. stari ng
that the dissolving process is ready to
begin. Prompdy take the free end of
the rope ("B") and give it to someone
else to hold.
Obviously, the knots are safely and
soundly in the tube, but when the
people pull the ends of the rope and
you run the tube back and forth . they
find to their amazement that the
knots are gone
(fig. 3). Tube and rope may then be
examined.
This trick works if you follow
instructions to the letter. You actually
untie the knots when you drop the
upper end down through the tube,
but you have to stuff the knots in
with it to complete the job.
This can be done with string as well
as rope and any cardboard tube will
do. Just mah sure the cord is long
enough, and the more mysterious or
pseudo-scientific talk you add, the
more impressive it will be.
fig. 3
101
102
fig. 1
•• •
Rings and Loops
A stiff cord is used in this sNnt,
along with two rings or disks tl\at
should be quite different in appear·
aoee - say one black and onc white.
The rings have holes in the center and
can be cut from heavy cardboard if
metal rings are not handy.
The black ring is threaded on the
cord, which is tied with a hard, firm
knot, so as to form a loop some three
or four inches in diameter> from
which the black ring dangles. The
white ring is then slid over one end of
the and. which is tied to form an
upper loop of about the same size
(fig. 1).
Three or four more knots are
added at the top to make it all the
more . ~ ~ 1 1 r e . Two persons hold the
extended ends of the cord and a large
handkerchief is thrown over the hang·
ing loops and rings (fig. 2).
Now, you announce you wilt make
the rings change places despite the
solid knot that intervenes. You show
",
fig. 2
the positions of the rings, cover them
again and work beneath the cloth for
a few moments, When the
chief is removed, the rings have
indeed changed places! To everyones
amazement, the white ring is now on
the lower loop and the black ring on
the upper loop; but the: knot between
them is intact. In fact, the knots have
to be untied to remove the rings from
the cord.
Despite its seeming impossibility,
the trick is subtly simple. Underneath
the doth. you grasp the loops on each
side of the center knot and push them
toward each other. Thanks to the stiff
cord, the knot loosens and you can
run the upper ring along the cord and
through the knot, down to the lower
loop (as shown by the arrows in fig.
3).
Reverse the process with the other
ring, bringing it up through the loo-
sened knot to the upper loop. Then
pull the knot tight again, good and
tight, 50 no one will realize how you
worked the trick. With a little
tice, this can all be done qui(t:: Hlpidly.
to3
fig. 3
104
I,
I,
\1
11
fig, 1
,
U
1

II
\
, ,
WRISTS
TIED
"
'I
THUS
II


I'
The Spooky Ropes
T we lengths of rope are
used in this surprising stunt, wherein
you call on "spooks" to aid you in
producing othcrwiac impo$sible
results. One rope is tied about your
left wrist and the other about the
right. each wrist being tied in the
ret of its respective rope (fig. 1).
This leaves two ends dangling nom
each rope. You sit down in a chair.
cross your arms (fig. 2) and let people
draw the ends of the ropes around in
back of you, tying them together
behind you and fixing them to the
back of the chair so that your arms
are literally clamped across your chest
(fill. 3).
Now, some objects are placed in
front of you on a table. such as a pad
and pencil. an alarm clock, a rubber
balloon, a small glass of water. A
screen or cloth is raised to hide you
from the spectators, or they step into
another room and dose the door.
Immediately, spooky things happen.
TIn: dock to ring, the bal-
loon explodes with a bang. You
finally call for people to remove the
return to the room. When
they do, they find you tied as tightly
as ever. But the balloon is burst, the
alarm clock is still ringing, the water
is gone from the glass and there is a
message written on the pad: " We
were here - The Spooks."
You now have people cut or untie
the ropes to make sure that they are
knotted as tightly as originally, which
makes everything all the more
fling, as it seems impossible that you
could have done the spooky work
without releasing yourself from the
chair. Yet that is precisely what you
do. Or at least partially, as the knots
are never untied.
The moment you are alone, .:slide
down in the chair, twist to the left
and slide your upper arm, the right,
over your head so that you can rome
dear (fig. 4), like skinning away a
tight fitting sweater. You Nrn about
completely in the process.
Though your wrists are still tiw,
you now have enough slack to reach
the table, where you write the
sage, blow up the balloon and drink
the water. You start the alarm d ock
ringing, burst the balloon with the
pendl point and reverse your
dure with the ropes, twisting yourself
back up in the chair while pulling
your right arm down over your head
again.
/'
ARMS CROSSED THUS
fig. 2
ROPES TIED
IN REAR
fig. 3
105
106
BRING ARM
OVER HEAD
fig. 4
T h a t ' . ~ how they find you, all tied
up as you were at the start. You can
e .. en let them apply sealing wax to the
knots to prove you have nOt tam-
pered with them. This nOt only adds
to the mystery, it serves as a reason
wny they must cut the ropes or work
tltt: knuts loose afterward.
Everyone is likely to believe that
you got out of the ropes and some-
how tied yourself back in them.
which is all the morc wonderful- or
would be if you could do it!
One final point: never fold:your aims
when working this trick or you will
be boxed for sure. Simply cross them
so that the right lies over the left;
then you can always wri ggle o ur, even
when the ropes af C pulled very ti ght.
But if some skeptic wants to try the
trick himself o r argues that you wcr-
en' t securely bound. put hi m in the
chair and tie him. First, however, get
him to fold his arms, or draw the
rO;Jes up through as if they were
folded. He just wan'r get out.
Quickie Spook Trick
Here is a simplified version of the
"Spooky Ropes" which is quick and
easy. You are tied as in the previous
trick, arms crossed and wrist ropes
brought around in back of you and
knotted to a chair.
Things then happen in the same
swift, uncanny fashion. But in this
case you don't have to wriggle pardy
free, the trick is done at the very
start.
After each wrist has been tied, you
let the ropes dangle, explaining how
you intend to have them tied behind
your back. As you talk, bring your
hands palm to palm, but with fingers
pointing in opposite dire<:tion. The
middle fingers of the right hand clip
the r o ~ Jangling from the l.cft wrist.
The left hand fingers catch the ropes
that hang from the right wrist, in the
same fashion (fig. 1). Rapidly fold
your arms, turning your palms
toward your body, running the ropes
between your fingers as you do .
.. - - - - ~ " . , \\
. ,
"
fig. 1
107
100
Boldly. but smoothly, you aTe actu-
ally reversing the direction of the
ropes, so that they double back on
themselves. Nobody sees this, because
your wrists hide the knots. People
suppose that the ropes run the proper
way, so you seem to be securely tied.
All you have to do is spread your
arms wide apart and )'OU can reach
and handle the objects on the table.
Afterward, you damp your arms
together as though they were firmly
bound as everyone thinks. In this
case, have the ropes rut at the back
when the trick is over, so you can
spread your arms and let the ropes
dangle before asking anyone to release
your wrists (fig.2). This kills any clue
to the reversal of the ropes.
fig. 2
XI
SPECIAL TRICKS
String and Scissors
Two hundred years ago, the cheva-
lier Pinem astounded Paris by escap-
ing from a doubled chain, looped
through metal rin!:!; attached to his
legs and locked to a post. The feat
was explained by a writer named
Decremps, as shown in the following
pages.
Figure 1 shows the chains before
the escape, which was performed
inside a cabinet. Figure 2 explains
how the escape was accomplished.
Figure 3 demonstrates the princIple
behind the escape with a looped
string and a pair of scissors: draw the
loop through one handle and then the
other, nod then spread the loop over
the points of the scissors.
fig. 3
fig. 1
fjg.2
111
-
1lZ
fig. 1
---- ...
-- -.... ~ \
" \\
The Disentangled Scissors
More than 50 years later. a writer
named Cramer supplied a more
detailed version of the String and
Scissors trick, called "The Disen-
tangled Scissors,"in his book The
Secret Out. People have been doing
the trick ever since.
This is an old but capital trick. A
piece of string is fastened to the scis-
sors, as shown, and both the ends of
the cord are held by the hand or tied
firmly to a post or other immovable
object (fig. 1).
To remove the sci.5s0rs from the
cord, take the loop end of the string
and pass it through the upper handle
as shown by the dotted line. Let the
loop be carried still further towards
the lower handle. unlil it is passed
complete around the scissors (fig. 2),
you then can remove them, as the
string will slip easily through the
handles.
~ ~ "
( ~ "
, '
, ,
, ,
' ... ..... ----- --::J
... _-----
fig. 2
Ropes through Coat
Hold two long ropes side by side
and push the ends through one sleeve
of a coar and out the other (fig. 1).
Give one end of each' rope to one
son, and the other ends to another
(fig. 2). When they pull the ropes
hard, the coat faUs to the ground
(fig. 3).
The secret is the two ropes
nally shown are not single ropes.
They are each doubled in the center,
and their centers bound tORether with
thread (fig. 4). This joint is covered
while you run the "two ropes"
through the sleeves. When the two
people pull hard enough, the thread
breaks and the coat falls to the
ground.
.{
...... -'A.-... .
,t , .... .
fig. 4
fig. 1
fig. 3
113
11'

u::r-"-cn
114
fig. 1
fig. 2
Ring on a String
Give someone a large flexible ring,
then allow your wrists to be loosely
tied with a length of rope between
them (fig. 1). Take the ring, then turn
your back for a few moments (fig. 2).
Tum back around and show how the
rung is now on the string (fig. 3). To
accomplish this, work the ring under
one WTist loop and over the hand
onto the string (fig. 4). Use a ring
from a vacuum cleaner or a jar.
..... _, fig. 3
fig. 4
String through
the BuHonhole
A loop of string is passed through a
buttonhole, and held by the thumb.
The thumb and one finger of each
hand are then slipped through the
loops on the opposite sides. The
hands are suddenly drawn apart and
the string comes right out of the b u t ~
tonhole, apparently through the doth
of the coat.
This is done as follows: Push the
loop through the buttonhole, (lod
hold it with a thumb in each end loop
(fig. 1). Swing the right hand over
towards the left, and hook the right
little finger in either one of the strings
that run from the left thumb to the
buttonhole. Then bring the left hand
toward the right, and hook the left lit-
tle finger in one of the strings running
from the right hand. The loop will
now be held as shown in figure 2,
which is the key to the whole trick.
The string seems to be firmly through
the buttonhol e, but it CAn be drawn
free in an instant.
Release the string with the little
finger of one hand, and the thumb of
the other hand. Then draw the hands
rapidly apart. The string will come
clear of the buttonhole, and will still
be between the hands (fig. 3). III \.hc
drawing, the string has been released
by the left little finger and the right
thumb.
115
./
fig. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
116
Knollhe Rope
is another seemingly
ble trick - to tie a knot in the middle
of a rope with both ends tied around
yOUT wrists!
The trick requires a light rope at
least 3 feet long. Have someone tie
the ends around your wrists, with a
length of rope between then. Then
proceed as follows: Turn your back,
take a loop of the rope between the
wrists and force it up under the band
encircling the left wrist. Give this
loop a twist and pass it over the hand
(fig. 1), down the wrist, and back
under the band again. A knot will
appear on the rope between the wrists
(fig. 2).
fig. 2
The Knolles. Knot
Hold a handkerchief as shown in
Fig. 1. Bring the right end ("A") B
under, behind, and over the left wrist. " A ~ ; : - - - ~ - - ' ~
and push it through the loop, as indi-
cated by the arrow in figure 2. A knot
is apparently tied in the handkerchief
(fig. 3). Pull the ends. The loop slides
off the left wrist and the knot disap-
pears (fig. 4). Work this trick rather
rapidly I and it will completely mystify
everyone.
fjg. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
fig. 4
117
A
liB
fig. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
fig. 4
Quick Trick Knot
Here is a quick way of tying a knot
in the center of a rope, yet apparently
without releasing the ends. Something
that should be utterly impossible!
Hold the right end of the rope in
tht' rlghr hand so It runs across the
inside of the fingers and extends
down between the first and second
fingers. Hold the left end in the left
hand so it runs behind the fingers and
up between the first and second fin-
gers (fig. 1).
From this position, bring the hand
together. turning them inward. At the
same rime, each thumb performs an
important function. The right thumb
comes beneath its rope, raising it
upward. The left thumb also is
..... _ .......... extended in a similar fashion 50 thal
the dangling end of the left hand rope
lays across the left thumb (fig. 2).
With each hand, the tips of the
thumb and second finger are brought
dose together, so that each is in posi-
tion to take a pincer grip on the end
of the opposite rope (fig. 3). Pull the
ends and a knot forms in the center
ofthe rope (fig. 4).
Practice this slowly at first, and you
will find that the action is practically
automatic. Each rope end is almost
fli ppt'd into the gTip of the other
thumb and forefinger. After you have
practiced the trick, you can repeat it
as often as you want, always with the
same baffling result.
In addition, you can make it into a
Square Knot as follows: You reverse
the positions of the hands, with the
left holding the rope across the front
of the fingers and the right having its
rope in back. Then tie another Over-
hand Knot in the same quick manner,
each hand merely working the oppo-
site of the way it did before.
The Mysterious Ring
Your hands are tied together with a
loop of string between (fig. 1). The
knots are tied and sealed, if desired.
Take a ring, then tum your back for a
moment. When you show your
hands, the ri ng is tied between them
on the string (fig. 6).
To perform this trick, take a loop
of string and push it through the c e n ~
ter of the ri ng (fig. 2).
Push the loop of string up under
the string encircling the wrist, and
pass the loop over the fingers of the
hand (figs. 3 and 4).
Then push the loop under the
string in back of the wrist, and bring
the loop over the fingers again
(fig. 5).
As i!. n:sull, the ring will be tied on
the string (fig. 6). With a little p r a c ~
ti ce, these movements can be p e r ~
formed rapidly.
fig. 3
fig. 5
119
fig. 1
fig. 2
fig. 4
fig. 6
120
The Appearing Knot
Take a handkerchief and hold it by
one corner. Shake it two or three
times and suddenly a knot appears in
the hanging corner of the
handkerchief.
Here is how it is done: Stan with a
handkerchief with one corner tied in
a knot. Hold it as shown in figure 1 >
with comer A hanging down. The
comer with a knot in it (corner B) is
concealed in the right hand.
Lift up corner A with the left hand,
so that both comers are held in the
right hand. Give the handkerchief a
quick shake and let corner A fall
again. Repeat this two or three times,
and act disappointed when no knot
appears.
The last time you take up corner A,
so that you have both corners in the
right hand (fig. 2), hold on to corner
A when you shake the handkerchief.
and let corner B fall instead. In other
words, exchange the corners (fig. 3).
Those watching the trick think it is
the same corner all the time.
Knots that are Not
There are many knot tying tricks,
some very complicated, but this one
is so si mple that it can easily be
learned. At the same time, it appears
sn fair that no one wiu suspect
trickery.
Take a piece of string and tie it in
three single knots, one at a time.
When you pull the ends of the string,
the knots draw together, and then
suddenly come apart so not a knot
rt:lllai ns!
The first step is to tie a single knot
(fig. I ). Note that end A comes n e a r ~
est to the performer - in front of the
knot. Then rie a similar knot, forming
two loops ("X" and " Y"). Again be
sure that the ri ght end (HAlt ) comes
to the front (fig. Z). The result will be
the ordinary Square Knot.
The trick lies in the third knot.
Push end A through loop "X" from
the front, bring it around to the front
again (over top of itselO, push it
through loop "Y ," and out behind it ...
original position (fig. 3).
Just pull the: ends and the knots
will disappear.
fig. 1
121
122
fig. 2
fig. 3
Leurn this trick nnd practice it.
Once you have done it a few times,
you will never forget it, and it will
always be mystifying to those who
see it.
The trick can be performed with a
rope, a belt, or a large silk
handkerchief.
The KnoHed Ring
As a perfect to "Knots
that are Not," a bracdet or a curtain
ring can be tied to the center of a
cord, only to drop free when you pull
the ends.
Run the cord through the ring from
left to right (fig. 1). Tie a loose over·
hand knot above (fig. 2) and bring
the right end below the ring, thrusting
it through the ring as indicated by the
arrow (fig. Z).
Carry the end under the cord, bring
it up and push it down through the
original loop as shown by the arrow
( fig. 3). Pull the ends of the cord in
opposite directions. The ring will
drop from the co rd as the kno t
dissolves.
123
fig. 1

/
I /
I /
'- _ /'
fig. 2
fig. 3
I
/
I
/
124
fig. 1
fig. 2
fig. 3
Trap the Knot
A neat puzzle with I two-foot
length of rope.
Tie a single overhand knot (fig. 1).
Then tie the ends in a tight square
knot (fig. 2), trapping the single knot
in the center. The trick is to remove
the single knot without untying the
ends (fig. 3).
The method: Tum your back and
pull the sides of the lower loop out-
ward. This forces the "trapped" sin-
gle knot up into the square knot,
where it remain hidden when you
show the big loop.
XII
ILLUSTRATED ROPECRAFT
Illustrated Ropecraft
By following the knot
formations described in the previous
chapters, the reader will develop the
skills to apply to forming other knots.
This means that he will be able to
study finished knots and use the skills
he has acquired to form his own steps
toward tying them.
With this in mind, the completed
knots shown in this chapter have
been chose.n for advanced. individual
work. Some knots have been
cribed in procedures ear-
lier in this book. Others are varia-
tions of established types. All offer an
opportunity to develop individual
skill in the field of knotcraft.
STEVE DORE'S
KNOT
OVERHAND BOW
SAILOR'S KNOT
OVERHAND KNOT
SHEET BEND

SHEET BEND
DOUBLE
i
SQUARE KNOT
CLOVE HITCH
127
12B
CAT'SPAW
TIMBER HITCH
KILLICK HITCH
GRANNY KNOT
HALF HITCH
CHAIN HITCH
FISHERMAN'S EYE
129
RUNNING KNOT
SLIPPERY HITCH
SURGEON'S KNOT
FIGURE EIGHT KNOT
LARIAT LOOP
ROLLING HITCH
CARRICK BEND
BOWLINE
FIGURE EIGHT DOUBLE
FISHERMAN'S BEND
BOWKNOT
BOWLINE
ON BIGHT
TWO HALF HITCHES
HALYARD BEND
MIDSHIPMAN'S HITCH
131
DOUBLE OVERHAND
BLACKWALL HITCH
TAUT LINE HITCH
HITCHING TIE
TILLER'S HITCH
MILLER'S KNOT
SHEEPSHANK
INDEX
Appearing Knot ., ... , .... 120
Bow Knot '" ..... 19
Bowline .. 57
Carrick Bend ... 52
Cat's-Paw... .......... . ........... .42
OoMrnk ... ............ . .. f/l
Clove Hitch .. ... ......... . .. 34
Comedy "Cut Rope" Climax " .. 90
Crossed Lark's Head ... . . 41
Crossing . . .. .. .. 25
Disentangled Scissors... , ...... lIZ
Dogshank ., ........................ 70
Double Bow . .. .................. .. 20
Double Chain Twist. ... ..67
Double Cut and Restored Rope ..... 89
Double Jury Knot .... ,. . ...... 79
Double Lark's Head ................. 38
Double Overhand ................ 8, 46
Double Slipknot.. . ......... .. 31
English Knot ....................... 53
Eye Knot ... . .......... .. 11
False Bowline ... ,.58
Fab.: llead .................... 37
Figure Eight .. .................... 9, 58
Fisherman's Bend. .......... . ..... 29
Figure Eight Eye Knot. ... . ...... 11
Figure Eight Hand Knot . . .... 49
Flemish Kno:: ..... .. .... 4B
French Bowline. .. .......... 60
Go.-go Knots . 86
Granny Knot ........ .. ..... 17
Half Hitch .. .. .. . 26
Houdini's KnQ[ Mystery .. 98
Impossible Knot: ........... .. 88
Interlocking (Triple)
Lark's Head. .. ..... ... .. .. ... 39
Jury KnQ[ with Sheepshank . .72
Jury Mast Knot ......................
KnOt Dissolving Tube .. . . . .. . 100
Knot the Rope ........... 116
Knotless Knot .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. 117
Knotted .. .. .. . .. 122
Knots That Are NQ[ ...... 121
Kill ick Hitch ......................... 28
Lark's Head ................. . ...... 36
Lasso or Honda Knot ... .... .. ..... 61
:Midshipman's Hitch... .. ....... 35
Multiple Figure Eight .. 10
Mysterious Ring .................. 119
On Again - Off Again ........ ..... 85
Ordinary Knot ......... .. ......... .47
Oriental Knot .......... .. ...... 80
Overhand Knot ................. .... . 8
Overhand Knot with Sheepshank ... 70
Q.Uck Trick Knot ............... . . 118
Q,>kki< Spook T""" . . . .. . . .. . . .. 107
Raddng Hi<ch ...................... .42
Ring on Saings . .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. . ... I14
Rings and Loops ............ .. . ... 102
Rogue's Knot ............... . ... 18
Ropes Through Coot ............ .. 113
Running Knot and Half Hitch ....... 33
Sailot's Knot - see Square Knot .. . 16
Shake Them Away ...... ............ 87
Shanu-oclc . ............... . ......... . 77
S h ~ ................... ....... 68
Sheet Bend . ................ .. ... .. 50
Sho=;ng S".ruk .............. .... 21
Simple Slip Knot .................... 30
Single Cllnin Twist .......... ....... . 66
Slip the Loop ........................ 84
Slippery Hitch ................ ....... 32
Snap Off Knots ..................... 91
Spanish Bowline ..................... 59
Spooky Ropes .. ... . ............... 104
Square Knot .. .. ....... . ... . ... ... ... 16
Stevedore's Knot ...... .. .... . . . , . ... 10
String and Scisson ......... ....... III
Striog Through the Buttonhole . ... 115
Surgeon's Knot . . ... . ........... ..... 18
,.,.", _ """" ............... 95
Tunber Hitch .............. , ......... 27
Ttmber Hitch with Half Hitch ....... 27
Tom Fool Knot ........ ....... ...... 76
Trap the Knot ..................... 124
Triple (Interlocking) Lark's Head ... 39
Triple Overhand -see Double
Overhand ..... .... ................. . 8
Two Rope Square Knot ............. 15
Weaver's Knot ..... . ... . .. ... ....... 51
OTHER...ME]HOO
I SBN 0-517-09369-3
,
,
A
,
,

AND HOW TO TIE THEM
Revised by Walter B. Gibson

WINGS BOOKS

New York' Avenel, New Jersey

Copyright 0 1989, 1984, 1978, 1961 by Walt8' Brown Gibson
Al! right, reserved.

Th's edition Is published by Wings Books, distributed by Random House Value Publishing, Inc., 40 Engelhard Avenue, Avenel, New Jersey 07001, by arrangement with lifetime Books, Inc.
RMdom House New York • Toronto. london. S)"CIney • Auckland Manufactured In the United States of America
Ubrary of Congress Cataloging.ln-Publlcstlon Data Gibson, Walter Brown, 1897· [Fell's official guide to knots and hoY,' to tie themJ Knots and how to tie them / by Walter B. Gibson.

p. em.
Originally published: Fell's official guide to knots and how to tie them. 1961. Includes Index. ISBN 0-517-09369-3 1. Knots and Splices. I. TltJe.
VM533.G5 1993

623.88'S2-OC20

93-8134 CIP

8 7 654 3 2

.........m ... ...... ... .... .. 15 $quare Knot or Sailor's Knot.......... 27 Killick Hitch ........... . ........... 18 Surgeon's Knot ....... ... ....... ...... .... ... ..... 19 Double Bow Knot .......... B Figure Eight Knot ...... ................. .. ...... ..... ....... ... .. 28 FIsherman's Bend ................... .............. 37 Double Lark's Head .......... ......... .. ......... .......... 10 Stevedore's Knot " .. . ...........CONTENTS l............. ...... .......... .................... .......... . 10 Eye Knot .... .. .. 11 Figure Eight Eye Knot ... .......... .......... .32 Running Knot and Half Hitch .. ..... 27 Timber Hitch with Half Hitch .... ... .... 38 Triple or Interloclcing Lark's Head .. ... 17 Rogue's Knot .... 25 Crossing Hitch ... ......... ..... ....... . 36 False Lark's Head ................ Hitches About Hitches ... 11 III............ ........... .. 33 Clove Hitch . ...... .. 39 Crossed Lark's Head . ... ... . .. 25 Half Hitch ....... 1 II.. 26 Timber Hitch .. Knots Are Knots ..... ....... . ........ ....... 8 Double or Triple Overhand Knot .. 35 Lark's Head ........... ..... 18 BowKnot ...... 16 Granny Knot ........ 29 Simple Slip Knot .. ......... Double Knots ''Two Rope" Square Knot ........... 7 Overhand Knot . . .... 21 IV.. 20 Sho<mng Sp<d>h ... ...... .. Simple Knots Bask Knot Formations ........ H .. 34 Midshipman's Hitch . ....... ..... .. 9 Multiple FJgUA: Eight Knot ............ ...... .... 31 Slippory Hi. .... . ' ..... ...... . ..30 Double Slip Knot .......

. .. . .......... ....... 48 Figure Eight Hand Knot ..... (Xi The CalShank .67 'lheSheepshank . .. .. .... .... . .. ... . 66 Double Chain Twist ....... . .......... .... 87 ..... .. 72 VIII.. ...... .. .. ..... 61 VII... . . ........ . 57 The Bowline.. The Impossible Knot ............... .. .. .... 75 11>< """"monk ...... .. 70 Jury Knot with Sheepshank ..... ... Tricks with Knots Presenting Knot Tricks ...... ... ........ 86 Shake Them Away ... . ... 50 Weaver's Knot ... ... ............... ... 65 Single Chain Twist........ . ..... . 83 Slip the Loop ..... ...... 88 .... . . 76 The Shamroclc . .. ................. ...... 42 V.... .... .... ...Racking Hitch .oop5 . .. .. ... ....... ...... . ... ......... .... 5l Carrick Bend ... Rope Shortenings Too Much Rope . ... ..... .. ....... 69 70 Overhand Knot with Sheepshank .. ..... . . ... . .... . .. . .. Fancy and Decorative Knots PlAin and Fancy ..................... An Oriental Knot. ..... .. 52 English Knot ...... . ..... . .. ... .. 80 IX. ... .................... ... .. ..... ...... 46 Droinary !:no< ..... .. ........ 78 ..... ... 79 DoubleJurv Knot ....Off Again ....... .. .. ............ 59 French Bowline .......... .. 60 Lasso or Honda Knot .. .... 77 Jury Mast Knot .. ... 57 Figure Eight or False Bowline ..42 Cat's-paw ..... 84 On Again ..... 45 Double Overhand Knot .. . 49 Sheet Bend .... ....... .. . .... Bends and Knots for Joining Rope Ends Knotty Alternatives ..... ..... 47 Aernish Knot ...... 58 Spaniah Bowline ... ...... .......... 53 VI... .. . Loops and Nooses About l... 85 Go-Go Knots .. ... Tom Fool Knot .. .........

. •... .. .. Ring on StrinSS . .. ... .... ... 11 7 The Mysteriocs Ring . 104107 XI... . liB The KnotIess Knot. ....... . .. . ... 95 Three ~ Knots .... • .... . . ........98 Knot Dissolving Tube ... B9 Comedy "Cut Rope" Climax . 91 X. .... ...... .. .. ... .. ... .... ... 119 The Appearing Knot .... . . Knot the Ropo:: . ..... T rid Knot .. Rope TIes and Releases Special Rope Stunts ... • . . ... .. . . . 124 XII. Q\Jick.. .... 123 Trap the Knot .. . ....... . Illustrated Ropecraft INDEX OF ROPECRAfT . ... III The Disentangled Scissors . 112 Ropes Thro~ Coat .... • . 113 114 lIS 116 C2l. Special Tricks String and Scis.Double Cut and Restored Rope ... . ..... The Spooky Ropes . 95 Houdini's Knot Mystery . . .so!""5 . . . ... .... . ... ........ ... .. .. String Through the Buttonhole .... . ... 100 102 .. .. .. . . .tick... ... . ....... 120 KnOlSma[areNot . .. 90 Snap Off Knots . 127 .. . . 121 The Knottod Ring .. . ... ... ..... . Rinp and LOOpL... .. . .. . .ie Spook: T ricb . .

I KNOTS ARE KNOTS .

" That is very nearly true. aside from driving in holiday traffic or rocking a boat filled with people who cannot swim. "Almost everybody knows how to tie a knot. how good or efficient that knot may be is another story. at least 99 percent do it blindly or by rote. unless they have had some instruction or have made a study of rope work. where scaffoldings or other weights have slipped from insecure fastenings . "Of course I know how to tie knots!" a person might insist. At least 99 percent of the population knows how to tie a knot of some sort. while others have an aptitude for tying knots that just won't come untied.Knots are Knots Few things are easier than making a knot in a piece of string or rope. it would probably prove that the greatest hazard to human safety. and of those. that lesson was the last. or when anything from a mad dog to a cabin cruiser has broken loose from its moorings. Some people just can't seem to tie knots that will stay. but practically nobody knows how to tie one right. is not knowing how to tie a knot properly.the wrong way." And probably. no matter how hard they work at it. Consider the thousands of instances where people have tripped over trailing shoelaces. On the other . "It's one of the first things I was taught. and you get the general idea. Although. Someone once quipped. If a survey were taken. given by an instructor who had been similarly taught .

Loosely speaking. a knot may be converted to a hitch. particularly when they are of different size or make-up. A bend involves joining of two ropes so they will stand the strain of being used as one long rope. But a bend. the practical way is to begin at the beginning. This is a basic principle of rope work. All are "knots" in the full sense of the term. All ties or fastenings that use rope or cordage fall into three general classifications: knots. because the mistake is seldom recognized until it is too late. A hirch is used primarily for attaching a rope to another object . you begin yuur "knotting" wilh a single rope end. throw a "hitch" when you attach it to an object. This may automatically result in the formation of a knot. thi. Knots that hold under some conditions will slip under others. The classification of the tie is less important than the purpose it serves.side are the rare instances where a life has been spared because somebody bungled the tying of a hangman's noose. or what have you. hitches. and there are some ties which have more than one classification. their purposes being interchangeable. Actually. Conversely. or its correct formation. Both ends may be used when the rope is short enough. this can be done by merely knotting the ends together. and "bend" two ropes together. signifies a "bending" or "binding" of ropes to eliminate their slipping. ring. namely with the loose end of the rope and the simpler ways of knotting it. But. . This suggests another important factor in rope work . and also one of the most intriguing things about the :ITt. is a tie made in a rope and usually requires the manipulation of only one end.a post.it is possible to tie a knot properly only to find that it is the wrong knot for the purpose. in its fullest meaning. Obviously. in the restricted sense.s may be worse than tying the right knot the wrong way. and bends. A knot.

II SIMPLE KNOTS .

There are twO types: the Overhand Loop. 1 STANDING\\ PART B OVERHAND LOOP l:::::=A=~_~ fig. there is the leftover or unused section of the rope which includes the longer end. or Round Turn. Next is the slack portion of the rope which can be bent until it practically doubles back on itself. These various formations are combined in one way or another to produce a knot. The moment you allow any slack. If the rope is drawn t:lllt hetween the hands. there is the loose or working end of the rope.7 Basic Knot Formations In basic knot work. (fig. Z). you actually only have the working end and the standing part. where the end is carried over or above the standing part of the rope. it is called a Turn. which is used in forming simple knots and is referred to as the End. a bight hegins to form between the end and the standing part (fig. if the sides are crossed. Finally . it becomes a Loop (fig. three terms are used to indicate different portions of the rope. At the outset. First. hut it is not truly a bighl unless retained in the doubled form. This is commonly called the SUlnding Part. to "take a rum" around the standing part is almost the same as forming an "overhand" loop followed by an "underhand" loop. However. and is known as the Bight. 2 B UNDERHAND LOOP . Thus. "A" being the working end and "8" the standing part. 3) When a loop is carried around the standing part. 1). which results when the end of the rope is properly interwoven or inserted through a waiting loop. A END fig. you have two ends ("An and "B") with a length of rope between. where the end goes under or beneath the standing part. or the Under~ hand Loop.

Tightened. Done twice. . this becomes a very solid knot. {our times. you bring the end up through to complete the komj with an underhand loop you push the end down through the loop to form the knot. a triple. OVERHAND LOOP (~:::::::=A:::::::::=::~ A OVERHAND KNOTS Double or Triple Overhand A Simply continue the ordinary Overhand Knot by bringing the end over the loop.8 Overhand Knot Form a loop by cro~ing the end over the standing part of the rope. then push it through. however far you want to go. This makes a solid knot when drawn tight. it gilie5 you a double knot. Draw the end upward through the loop thus formed. a quadruple. Nare that if you start with an overhand loop. and so on. the sort that may be used to prevent the end of a rope from unraveling. three times. as many times as desired.

1). 2 B fig. This is also called a "Flemish Knot. Drawn tight. forming an overhand loop (fig. Then bend the end of the rope in the opposite direction to form an underhand loop below the first." • A B fig.• A B fig. the Figure Eight Is a larger and better "stopper" than the simple Overhand Knot. 3 . 1 of a figure "8" or the character "&" when the free end is considered (fig. giving the appeanmce .9 Figure Eight Bend the bight of the rope until it crosses the standing part. Push the end down through the overhand loop and the knot will be complete (fig. 3). 2).

take a futl turn around the standing part of the rope before pushing the end down through the fi rst loop. the bottom portion and under the top portion of each loop. 1 . exactly as In the simple Figure Eight (fig. and you will form overlapping eights. then alternating underhand and overhand loops in left~righ[. This will tighten in [he same fashion. 1 ~B /ig. SO it makes a good handle on a heavy rope. A similar knor Is made starting with an .dinary Figure Eight. 2). 2). It is a series of Figure Eights that can be "set up" by forming the first (oop.2 f-. B fig. the standing part. You start with an overhand loop and continue with an underhand loop.10 Multiple Figure Eight This is a fancier bit of rope work. when the end is pushed down through the o riginal loop (as in the Figure Eight) it is then hrollghr over it and under it again (fig.shion (fig. teft~right &. With either version. but when Lrming the lower underhand loop. 1 ). added turns may be used. It is double the size of an Overhand Knot o r a Figure Eight. Then thread the end up through the loop on the right. 1). Stevedore's Knot There are several variations of this knot. Weave it over B fig. continuing until you push it down through the top or original Ioop. As the name implies. but one of the simplest is a combination of the Figure Eight with the common Overhand Knot. Draw on the end and. so that an Overhand Knot is tied to the o riginal loop (fig. But.

this one is designed to stand more strain on the knotted portion of the rope. allowing a portion of the bight to extend like a loop. Pull the kno t righ t. Though bulkier and more cumbersome than the simpler Overhand type of Eye Knot. Take a bight in a rope.11 Stevedore's Knot (continued) 8 fjg. a portion being left extended as a loop. Figure Eight Eye Knot In this case. . making thf' lnop whatever size you require. The loop can be put over a post and any pull on the doubled rope will tighten the knot still more. hold the two strands together and tie them in a simple Overhand Knot. the bight is tied in a Figure Eight knot. 2 Eye Knot This is an effective way of forming a strong loop.

III DOUBLE KNOTS .

you usc: a bight. that the bights can be loosened by simply pushing them toward each o ther. 2.) fig.. This knot can be formed solely b. as you view it (fig.. '\ Get the short rope "middled" and pull the ends of both ropes..15 "Two Rope" Square Knot Seldom.. too . bringing it o ut the left side of the hight. You will observe. has the peculiar construction of the Square Knot (or Reef Knot) been properly analyzed. Take the exact center of the long rope...2 " . 4 ).) Thrust that same end through the hight.. Then. Nothing could be stronger at the middle of a rope. Note that the ropes hold strongly in that position. 4 .. You have a Square Knot fo rmed by two bights.. 3 fig. carry it across in front of the neck and narrow portion of the bight (fig.4>' they cause trouble. ~-fig. and right to left.. if e . 3. no thing more. fjg.. 1 ="''''' .. 1.· the union of two bights... . The operation of this knot. '~.. That's right . er. and form the center into a downward bight (fig. is of value in the study of the more complicated knots that will now be discussed. ) Take one end of the short (ten inch) rope and insert it through the bight from front to back. it's always when an end is too dose. "".. so simplified. The result is instantaneous and obvious (fig. this time from front to back. If .

1). 1 The rule is this: If you begin the first knot by forming an overhand loop. the knot will go wrong. 3 . 8 . it is just as well to work with one end. so as to keep the rule in mind. do it the same way for the second (fig. the Square Knot is simply two Overhand Knots. When tying two ends of a short rope.16 Square Knot or Sailor's Knot One of the easiest knots to tie and the best knot for certain purposes. be careful when tying. if you cross the end in front of the standing part to tie the first knot.. But. This applies when using a single end to form the Square Knot. do the same with the second knot (fig. 3). The Square Knot is sometimes appropriately called the "Flat Knot" because it actually flattens when pulled tight (fig. 2). fig. 8 A fig. 2 8 A fig. Or> in other words. otherwise.

making it difficult to untie. becau3C it fails to pull flat. Often. . a Granny Knot will jam." though it does not quite deserve that stigma. When you tighten a Granny. 2 B fig. a mistaken form of the Square Knot. onc half being tied forward. Or. For this reason. it may slip instead of remaining tied.17 The Granny Knot This is simpl. . the rule of keeping the same end front is not applied. 3). the Granny has been branded "the most dangerous of knots. its make·up is easily noted in a rope.. so to speak (fig. in perverse fashion. the other half backwards. fig. 1 B A fig. 3 . B .

So. it i3 U3d~ as welt as dangerous. 2 other so when strain is put on the standing part. but the knot can be "evened" by adding a "double" if desired. . Such a knot is useful in tying packages as well as in :!urgcry . By giving the first knot the extra turn.5C. reverse the ends and tie a single Overhand on top. by drawing it two ways. 1). The single Overhand is sufficient on top. It lives up to its name as a knQ[ that may be purposely used to make the ends of a rope pul( apart. but with this difference. Surgeon's Knot This is simply an elaboration of the Square Knot. with the first Overhand Knot. from which it gets its name. then. This gives it value as 11 "trick" knot. 1 same direction. You begin with a Double Overhand. othen'ii. The long end ("Bit) is bent back on itself before the working end ("A") is tied on to it (fig. Thus. The Rogue's Knot looks like a Square Knot and is tied in a similar way. As 1I I re. it tends to hold while the second is being added. to make sure that a SquaTe Knot is safe. the knot yields and pulls apart. this knot is rarely tied by accident. they point opposite each other. it is wise to study the tnds and note their position. Z). the ends point in the A 8 fig.. as they sho uld (fig.18 Rogue's Knot Due to its odd formation. When the second Overhand is tied on top. one end is below the fig.mh.

1). A \ -' fig. this is handy when it is necessary to undo the knot quickly. 1 fig. simply pull on end "8. forming the second knot (fig." reducing the formation to a single Overhand Knot (fig.19 Bow Knot One of the simplest and most useful knots. You then have the equivalent of a Square: Knot except that one end ("S") is doubled back through the upper half of the knot. This can be tightened liIee a Square Knot. then take a bight in the standing part and tie the working end around it. The Single Bow is a variation of the $quare Knot. To undo it. Z). Begin with a simple Overhand Knot. 2 . in which the working cnd ("A") is tied about the standing part ("6") or another rope end.

so that "A" becomes identical with "8" in formation.20 Double Bow This may be tied In either of twO ways. as with the Granny KnOt. The right way is to follow the pattern of the Square Knot. A pull on either end (" A" or "B") will undo the knot." The bights themselves are then tied in an Overhand Knot on tOP of the first one. The first and preferable method is to start exactly as with the Single Bow Knot. Everyone is familiar with it. Tie the first Overhand Knot. When it is drawn tight. draw a bight through. allowing a fair amount of length to the working end. It will go wrong if the ends are reversed in tying. but is a little slower. The Double Bow is the familiar Shoestring or Shoelace Knot. but it can be tied in either the "right" way or the "wrong" way. B A . form a bight in "B. you have two loops instead of one. then form identical bights in "A" and "B. In tying the second Overhand. The alternate method is tie a Single Overhand. It results in the same formation." hut instead of pushing end "A" through the new loop.

but they stay tight while in use. make sure the addtd knot follows the proper direction. A . 3 ) . r<:::-->8 I 8 A 8 ) A ( fig. The other is to form another pair of bights in "A" and uB. 1).. In each case. as the upper one must be untied in o rder to get at the bow. One is to use the two ends to tie an added Overhand Knot on top of the bow (fig." tying 21 them as a second bow on top of the first (fig's 2 & 3).. It takes longer to undo these knots.Shoestring Specials There are twO effective ways (or keeping shoestrings tight..

IV HITCHES .

If you carry the end of a rope around an object and across the standing part. then exert opposite pressure so that one portion of the rope draws upon the other . proVided the ends of the: rope are: otherwise secured. as its name implies. This "loop hitch" can be used as a "one end" fastening by fo rming a loop around an object so that the loose end is jammed between the standing part and the object. and it answers the purpose of a knot. often in a temporary way. This is useful in tying packages along with other things. But sailors think of "bending" a rope rather than " hitching" it. they are not knots. is a means of hitching a rope to an object. n Crossing Hitch This simple formation might well be called the " Loop Hitch. a loop that is held together as a hitch." for that is exactly what it is. . and then placed over the object. Most hitches are specially designed to "fall apart" when the object is removed. pole or spar instead of having to be formed first. when making a rope fast to an object.25 About Hitches A hitch.=----------: . so that it can be undone or removed quite readily . SuI1l~ knots can be used as hitches. A pull in one direction will tighten the loop and hold it in place. as can some bends. O ne advantage of a hitch is that it can be made direcdy about an object . you will have the simple Crossing Hitch.such as a post. like a knot. In short. because they have to be made fast to an object in order to exist.

this is the same as a simple Overhand Knot drop~ over the post. Actually. The Half Hitch is a basic rope formation important to others that follow. metal ring. 1). to make the Half Hitch hold o n its own. However." The chief difference is that you can hitch the rope to a tree. because your "hitch" now has become a "knot. you must bring the end up and around the standing part. and pulling them ill ol-'~ ite directions.2 . then tuck it down between the rope and the post. bringing the end around the standing part to take a partial tum. 1 B fiQ. B fig. so that it will jam there when the loop is tightened (fig. fence.26 Half Hitch In its simplest form . the Half Hitch is made by looping a rope around a post or other upright object. SO that the rope tightens there (6g. 2). or any object where the knot cannot be dropped on fro m the top.

27 Timber Hitch So called because it can be used for rolling logs or hoisting lumber. First. by making an overhand loop and drawing the end welt down. B -----. bring it over and under the side of the loop again. 50 that it jams more firmly. while the standing part goes straight up.-- . A Timber Hitch with Hall Hitch This is used for hauling long objects. Hoist the object with the standing part of the rope. It thus h«omes a double Overhand Knot. in an upright fash ion. the Timber Hitch is useful as a temporary hitch that will hold while needed and loosen easily. such as beams. form a simple Half Hitch above the center of the object. if so desired. and further turns can be taken to triple or quadruple it. It Is simply a Half Hitch with this added twist: After drawing the end down through the loop. tightening the free end with the customary double twist. Allow enough bight below the Half Hitch to form l Timber Hitch around the lower portion of the object.

the rope tends to swell." but the hitch is the same in either case. Since it is used in water. but usually a few more turns are taken with the rope end. Sometimes the stone is encased in a loose "crate.::.I.28 Killick Hitch This gets its name from a "killick. some extra length being allowed for this./ A . The Kiltkk Hitch is practically the same as the Half Hitch and the Timber Hitch combined. B - --{/. making this a perman~ ent fastening rather than a temporary job." a block of stone used as an anchor for a small boat.

It is one of the strongest fastenings in that category. this would more correctly be called a hitch. take a Half Hitch about the standing part. B A B B .. You begin by taking two round turns about the post o r orner object [0 which you are affixing the rope. then draw the end beneath the two round turns and tighten it. This bend is also known as the " Anchor Bend. take another Half Hitch around the standing part and draw the end tight in the usual fashion.Fisherman's Bend Although called a bend. Experiments with this hitch will demonstrate its ability to stand strain. " " " " . Using the rope end. " / I \ ." 29 . " " / . Then.

3 . DRAW / UP fjg. the knot can instantly be untied by pulling the standing parr down fig.. . this is tied much like the single Overhand Knot. When desired. having no end to draw. 3). The left hand tightens the knot by pulling on the end (fig..2 . The end is held stationary in the left hand while the right hand uses the i5tanding l)lirt tu furm an overhand FORM LOOP + loop and draw the rope up through (fig. the right hand must use a bight instead (fig.30 Simple Slip Knot Also known as the Running Knot o r Running Overhand. 1). 1 through.. RUNNING+ PART fig.. But. 2). ... knot and all. and the bight then (orms a noose or loop that can be drawn to any size by slipping it through the knot..

a Single Bow Knot. 1 UP OVER <-DOWN -.. the knot is Quickly undone. 3 . thus tightening the knot between them and the Double Bow results (fig. 1) and drawing a bight up through it with the right hand. in effect. Pull both loops through. while the left presses a bight down through it (fig. You can tie a Double Slip Knot or Double Bow in the center of a long rope by forming an overhand loop (as shown in fig. 2 fig. the "bow" being the loop or bight. 3). By drawing on the single portions of the rope. fig. 2).31 Double Slip Knot The Simple Slip Knot is.. UNDER fig.

The knot is formed around the end portion of the rope. fhf' end will come out through. near the end (fig. 1 fig. tie an ordinary Overhand Knot .32 Slippery Hitch Start by tying a Running Knot in the loose end of the rope (instead of the standing part). 1). The loop can be " hitched" over a post and will not pull out. This serves as a "stopper" when it is drawn up to the Slip Knot (fig. The result is the true Slippery Hitch. thanks to the combination. SIMPLE KNOT fjg. 1).o r two o r three -near the end of the rope (fig. PULL UP T . 2). 2 . If the loop . To prevent that.s drawn liP.

Running Knot and Half Hitch
With this combination, you again tie the knot around the standing part, so that the short end slips through freely. Then take the end below the knot and carry it around behind the
s tnnding pnrt to the front, where it is

33

tucked down through the loop, producing a Half Hitch (fig. 2). D rawing the loop up pulls the Half Hitch into the Running Knot. The loop can be adjusted to almost any size and used as a "hitch" over a post or similar obj~. This is comparable to the Slippery Hitch.

DRAW
TIGHT

fig. 1

fig. 2

34

-----------,;. (:---------fig. 1

".r,

Clove Hitch
Once you acquire the knack, you can make this hitch in what amounts to a single, auromadc operanon. Hold the rope in the left hand, slightly to the right of the center. The left hand is tilted downward, its back turned outward. Now, bring the right hand across in back of the left and grip the rope. in the same fashion but to the left of the center (fig. 1). Sweep the right hand to the right and the left hand to the left, so they assume their natural positions (fig. 2). At the same time rum the right hand palm upward. Twist the loose left fist
rightward and downward, planting its

q

A

fig. 2

LAVA
OVER

knuckles squarely in the half-opened right palm (fig. 3). Grip both coils with the right hand and the Clove Hitch is formed (fig. 4). Its double loop can then be dropped over a post or other upright object and tightened.

fig. 4

Midshipman's Hitch
This is simply two Half Hitches, but with an added twist to one. The easiest procedure is as follows: Use the end of the rope to take a Half Hitch around the standing parti then follow with the second Half Hitch., but in completing it, make a round turn about the standing part (fig. 1), before drawing the end through the loop (fig 2). An alternate method is to make the round turn in completing the first Half Hitchi then simply add the second Half Hitch in the accepted fashion. In either case, the Midshipman's Hitch does not have to be looped about an object to use iti it can be made and adjusted like a noose and will "stay put" when drawn tight

35

ADDED
ROUND TURN

fig. 1

ALTERNATE METHOD

fig. 2

fig. 3

Pull the ends taut and the job is done (fig. 2). Bring the ends of the rope around the attach· ment and thrust them through the bight or center loop (fig. For hitching a rope to a post or a rod. At this stage." because of its varied uses. or over a hook and you have the same result as with the simpler method. first described (fig. Turn the hands inward. this is very easy to make. place the rope across the open hands. I). along a rod. In this case. or that the rope is a very long one and that you want to hitch it at the center. toward each other. 2 up through a ring. Slide the loops down over a post. which are held palms upward (fig. Here we assume that one end of the rope is already attached. 1 fig. take a bight in the center and push the doubled rope fig. 3).36 Lark's Head BIGHTU~ PUSH +. you have a slight problem. 2). trunk handle or some similar object (fig. you have what is termed a "False Lark's Head. gripping the rope loosely. 3 BRING ENDS DOWN THRU . 1). fjg. /) ( Also known as the "Baggage Tag Loop" and the "Cow Hitch. to form two loops with a bight between (fig. say to an animal that is tethered." To make it real. which is easily solved if one end of the post is "open" or free. 3). twist the loops just enough more to bring them side by side. With a short rope.

3 .37 FALSE LARK'S HEAD fig. 2 FINAL TWIST ~:::::~') fig.g. 1 TWIST (.

but instead of putting it over a post. 2 . 2). fig. to form a Lark's Head. The result is one Lark 's Head pass-ing through anomer at right angles. push them over the bar and bring them down through the double loop that girds the left hand (fig.38 Double Lark's Head With a short rope. Take the ends of the rope in the right hand. slip it onto your left hand and hold it mere. 1). 1 fig. twist two loops together near the center. Draw the left hand from the ropes and pull the ends tight. forming a strong hitch termed a "Double Lark's Head (fig.

or preferably a chair rung or short bar. The two ends arc brought through the loop from the back so that they emerge below the bar. carry the right end up in front of the bar.- '" fig. drawing it through the loop thus formed and pulling it tight from in front (fig. Do the same with the left end of the rope. Actually. so the ends can be drawn through a bight that has been looped over a ring. the term "interlock- ing" is morc appropriate because the result is a chain that can be extended as long as the rope holds out. Start with a simple Lark's Head.39 Triple or Interlocking Lark's Head This is often called the "Triple Lark's Head" because it consists of adding two loops to the simple Lark's Head. to make three ill all. toward the right. 2 . 1 -!. bring it over the bar. working toward the left. but in the opposite direction. usihg a short rope. I I I fig. down in hack and out to the front (Ag. Now. 1). one on each side. 2).

To form an Interlocking Lark's Head in the center of the rope: Hold the rope across the hands.. with the third or original hitch between them (fig. larly if you want to add more loops i the same fashion. 2). -.l coils.. Grip this with the right hand while the left gathers its extra coils. I I That's one way of doing it. simply twist them outward instead of inward. Retain this with the left hand while the right gathers . particu. you can use the first process (up in front.OTHER METHOD " . which are "squared off" so to speak. The same can be done with the final loops of a longer chain. fig. But if you want to wind up with a Triple Lark's Head and no more. of five.ddition.. nine or more interlocking loops. 1 . I fig. Slide the loops Onto the end of the bar and that's it. 1). To "square off' the final loops. down in back) until you come to the final pair. . Then square them off by the reverse procedure. you can vary it thus: Take each end of the rope up in back of the bar. In making a multiple hitch. twisting each one inward. also working inw'ard. 2 . and twist them together to form the False Lark's Head. palms up. over the top. I I I I . This brings two strands side by side and forms two conventional hitches. down in front and through the loop toward the back (fig. seven.

fingers pointing toward the right (fig. but palm downward. the other an underhand (fig. 4). the left hand grips the rope in similar fashion. The Crossed Lark's Head is the result (fig. with the fingers pointing roward the left. 2).-. 4 . fig. These loops will be "opposites" . Bring the loops side by side (fig. in this case toward the left . with in. ) fig. 2 A linle below that. place the rope across the palm of the right hand. 1). 3)j slide them together over a post or a hook. 3 fig. 1 Crossed Lark's Head In forming thi" vlui:ltinn.o ne an overhand . so that the right hand can grip the rope in a loose fist.41 --- . twist the hands in the same direction. Now. fig. so that each hand forms a loop in its portion of the rope.

3). 2). Before bringing the loops together. 2 Cat's-paw More twists are added. which this hitch somewhat resembles in appearance. The double~twist por~ tion of the tope then serves as a sort of hanger. (our. loop to loop -three. nih. Like the Larks's Head. With a twisted rope.1 This is an extension of the Lark's Head as formed from the double loops (fig.to form the Cat's-paw. running between the hooks. In the standard "Cat's~paw" another twist should be added o n the right. say to two hooks that are set a short distance apart. both loops of the Cat's~ paw a re slipped over the same object. ~ (TWO INWARD TWISTS) fig. 3 but they can be attached sepatately. to make them equal. (3 INWARD TWISTS) fig. Note that the illustration shows an unbalanced "Cat's~paw" with an extra twist on the left. 1). five or whatever number you wish . Ordinarily. give them anomer twist toward each other." adding more strength proportionately (fig. then slide them on the object (fig. the Racking Hitch falls apart as soon as drawn clear from the object to which it is attached.42 Racking Hitch (ONE INWARD TWIST) --\(c-5Jf-(ig. . this should be done against the "lay" or "twist. forms a tighter hitch and spreads the strain on the rope making the hitch more reliable.

V BENDS AND KNOTS FOR JOINING ROPE ENDS .

it can be slid off the end of fig. hitched over another rope. cy I holding ability and adaptability tuwarJ meeting strain. press the bight upward and draw the twO strands of the longer rope in that same direction. keeping them together (fig. 1 the ocher rope.the very formation of the Square Knot. In joining twO rope ends. reduces the strength of the rope to 50 percent or less. (lssbown in figure 1. 3 . 2 ). Even with all things being equal. the Square Knot becomes still more risky if the ropes are of difft::rt::nt sut::. 3). though often used for tying the ends of two ropes together. a Square Knot is less likely to hold than other knots commonly used as joins. Aside from the risk of mistakenly tying a Granny. that gives them special merit as rope joiners. as a method for afftxing the center of a short rope to that of a longer one. To convert this into a Square Knot. Bring it up in back of the long rope and down over the front. as follows: Take a bight in the center of a short rope. Here. 2 fig. matc:' rial or finish. a Rogue's Knot. bends and hitches show a much higher effiden. o r worse. the Square Knot can be converted into a Slip Knot if one rope is drawn straight by pulling on both the end and standing part. This can be used. or its halfsized edition the Overhand Knot. if the end happens to be loose. is actually a poor knot for that purpose. As such. Bring the ends of the short rope up through the loop thus formed and draw them tallt (fig. Other types of knots.ropes included . by simply working in reverse. fig.45 KnoHy Alternatives The familiar Square Knot o r Reef Knot. however. These form the subject of this chapter. The "knot" then becomes a simple Lark's Head in one rope.

fig. When this is tightened and the standing parts of the two ropes are pulled in opposite directions. the knot becomes very firm (fig. This knot. 1 Double Overhand A quick. is cumbersome and bulky in appeuance. by means of an ordinary Overhand Knot.fig. though it will never slip. 2 . sure way of tying the ends of two ropes together is to lay the ends side by side and tie them as one (fig. 2). 1).

2). headed the other way (fig. 1 -' . When the end of the second rope emerges. 3). However. this is not as "ordinary" as its name would imply. its formation is an easy one to follow. pull the two knots tight and they become the Ordinary Knot. 47 ============~~ fig. Take the other rope and bring it end to end with the first (fig. Pushing it backward through the knot. 1). follow the direction of the first rope (fig.Ordinary Knot Though formed by two simple knots. Take one rope and tie a loose Overhand Knot nen( one end. Thus the second rope end is tied in an identical knot.

Lay them together and tie them as one in the form of a Figure Eight Knot (fig's 1 & 2). 1 Flemish Knot This is another quick and simple way of joining two rope ends. . Pull on the standing parts of the two ropes and the doubled knot will tighten (fig. 3).48 fig.

fig.49 .. I ' \ . . \ y . \ fig. then "following back" through the loose knot with the end of the second rope (fig's 1 & Z). ... 2 . This is also caJled a Flemish Knot but it is better termed the Figure Eight Hand Knot..... 1 Figure Eight Hand Knot A neater knot can be formed by first tying a Figure Eight in one rope end.

2 fig. 1). 3). . Take: II A BIGHT -+ . 2). instead of tucking the loose end under the standing part of the rope. THRU HALF 'HITCH' BIGHT fig. It also can be used for tying ropes of the same size or two ends of a sin gle rope. The right hand grips the other rope end and throws a Half Hitch around the bight (fig. Pull the ropes tight and the Sheet Bend is completed..50 Sheet Bend This method of joining twO ropes of different sizes is stronger than the commonly used Square Knot. The tic is simplicity it~lf. 1 bight near the end of one rope and hold it in position with the left thumb and fingers (fig. the right hand pushes it through the bight held by the ltit (fig. Then. 3 . fig.

51 fig. Ference being the manner in which the knot is tied. 2 . the d if. 1 Weaver's Knot The Weaver's Knot is practically identical with [he Sheet Bend. weavers using a process suited to the joining of two threads. fig.

(It would seem that it should alternate in "over~under" fashion. tho ugh it may not seem so when you first try it. but not until end " B" is brought into position. "At!. as indicated by the arrow in figure 2. The end of the second rope. 3 . it consists of two inter~ woven overhand loops.52 Carrick Bend One of the strongest of knots.) (fig. 2 fig. 3) A fig. "B". T o start. which it does. end "S" is worked under and over each successive rope strand. Actually. to form the linking loop. this is also one of the simplest. o ne formed by each ropt: cnO. It is getting them into that position that poses the problem. Where you may go wrong with the Carrick Bend is at the very start. must go over both portions of the loop formed by the first rope. form an overhand loop with end "A" (fig. 1 B fig. 1) and then lay end "B" across the loop (fig. 2). From then on.

2 A 8 . Draw the standing parts in opposite directions and as the ends come together. forming a strong join. Tie the end of Rope A around the standing part of Rope B." this knot definitely seems of English o rigin. Then tie the end of Rope B around the standing part of Rope A in identical fashion (fig. so the name English Knot o r Englishman's KnOt is an appropriate one.53 A -~ -- 8 fig. I). the knots will jam into one. 2). each pointing opposite to the other (fig. 1 The English Knot Though known under a variety of names. The tie is an easy one."A" and "8" -so thnt they overlap. using a simple Overhand Knot. done thus: Lay the ends of two ropes . : fig. such as the "Waterman's Knot" and the "Fisherman's Knot.

VI LOOPS AND NOOSES .

actually belong with those about to be described. then under." Put end "A" (fig. This brings the end over the stand~ ing part. This chapter is limited to special loops of the most useful type. 57 The Bowline This knot is also known as the "Standing Bowline. 3). specifically the Run~ ning Knot or Slip Knot. In fact. the more complicated the forma tion.About Loops Loops figure prominently in the early pages of this book. 2).! ) up through the loop. to form a turn (fig. the more chance there is of going astray. There are several ways of making it. but one of the easiest is as follows: Start with an overhand loop. fig. it is preferable here to concentrate on basic formations. It must be remembered that there are as many variations of loops as there a re of knnN>. and can be Quickly and automatically made once you gain the knack." Though simple. which serves as an "eve. some of the knots discussed. the standing part. Hence. The knot is strong and will neither slip nor jam. it is somewhat tamalizinl!:. Thrwst the end down through the "eye" to form a bight (fig. 3 . Grip both portions of the bight with vue hand and pull on the standing part with the othet hand. Thus the eye becomes a tight knot below which you have a large loop for mooring purposes or for lowering and raising persons or objects. with orner loop formations appearing later.

/ fig." and that is appropriate because it will give under too much strain. Others call thi5 the " False Bow~ line. The knot. Form a bight below the knot and bring the rope end down through the lower loop of the Figure Eight (6g's 2 & 3). As you see. following the same line as before. when tightened. \ I I I +-- . as shown (fig. 1). 4). 3 . 2 fig. Allow enough rope for a long end. as you hring it down through the lower loop to complete the Figure Eight (fig." meaning it was the original Bowline or at least an early type. Some claim this is the "True Bowline.58 Figure Eight or Fal•• Bowline Tie a Figure Eight Knot. starting upward with an overhand loop and following with an underhand loop above it. this resembles the familiar Standing Bowline. However I that can be remedied to some degree by adding I Half Hitch to the loose end. Pull the knot til!ht and the jo b is done. will then tend to jam. 1 fig.

2 fig. 1). it is gripped by the ends. 1 TWIST BIGHTS OUTWARO " (ig. Each bight must then be twisted in an outward direction. 4 fig. Inverted. take each side of the lower loop. Begin by doubling a bight under the center of rope. -1-). 3 . A half twist puts them in posi~ tion (fig. This forms the two--looped Spanish Bowline (fig. retaining the loops in their extended fashion. S9 fig. crossing the ends am. This is easily done by gripping them with the thumb and forefinger of each hand and turning them away from each other.Spanish Bowline There are various ways of forming this excellent Bowline featured by a double loop.I forming two loops (fig. Now. 3). Pull the center knot right. Draw each strand up through the loop to form twO extended bights as shown in fig~ ure 2. exactly as shown by the arrows in figure 3. so that the loops dangle and can be used for lifting purposes. The method shown here is one of the simplest. Draw these upward so they pass o ver and then under the strands that comJX)Se the upper loops.

Then. bring the rope end back along its tt":lck.60 French Bowline Here is a "double~ loop" Bowline with a special advantage: When you draw out one loop. You can sit in one loop. forming what is virtually a Double Overhand (fig. wide and handsome. carry it around behind the standing part and bring it down through the same loop. 4 . run the end up through the loop. wrap the other aro und your chest and fjg. 3). Then bring the end over again. in a simple reversal of the course. 1 let your friends hoist you high. it tightens the other. 2). fig. Tighten the knot thus formed and the French Bowline is complete (fig. Now. 2 fig. Start with a simple Overhand Knot as in figure 1. 3 fig. This makes it ~ful as a dou~ ble sling. 4). This knot is some~ times called the "Portuguese Bow~ line. in front (fig." but that name is also applied to another double formation.

Z). above the end" so that the end emerges from the front of the loop. toward the right (fig. 1 fig. This also is known as a "Honda Knot." To complete the lariat. bring the end of the rope in back of the loop and draw it up through from the left (as shown by the arrow in fig. tie a tight Over~ hand Knot in the rope end to sen'c as a "stopper" (fig. Then tie a loose Overhand Knot in the standing part.• 61 The Lasso or Honda Knot To form a lasso. 1). to form a loop within the loop. fig. this knot must be carefully formed. the end going through the lower portion of the knot as shown in figure 3. Now. 2 . Though simple. so that when it is drawn tight the "stopper" knot will catch and hold. 2). draw a bight through the large loop to form a run~ ning noose.

VII ROPE SHORTENINGS .

You may need it later as a full~length rope.65 Too Much Rope When you have too much rope for a particular purpose. as well as practicaL After experimenting with these." . or. So the problem is how to make it shorter but still keep it long.shorten it. So try this "short" way to tKpert ropemanship with these shortening formations. you may not want to cut the rope. These "shorteners" are not only useful. Someone unfamiliar with rope work might think that means cutting the rope to the required length. That is done with "shortening" knots or other formations. But sometimes you don't know how much rope you require until you have experimenttd with it. You will find it intrigu~ ing. you can continue with more ornamental knots in the following chapter entides "Fancy and Decorative Knots. there is a simple solution . Most rope workers are introduced to fancy rope work through knots of this type. many of them are ornamental.

you put the bight through the bight. 2). ea\. " this is a quick. Then take a bight below the knot and push it down thro ugh the bight already formed there (fig. Continue thus. 1 fig. 2 fjg.h lhruugh the one above undl you have all the "links" that you require. making them about equal size. 1). That equalizes ends "A" and "B" .66 Single Chain Twist Commonly known as a "Monkey Chain. First you tie a Slip Knot around the end ("A").en push end "AU down through the fi nal bight (fig. A fig. That is.3 .and pulling the ends [ight~ the chain. allowing the end as much length as desired (fig. bight after bight.each going thro ugh a loop . easy and effective way of shortening rope. 3). Tr.

one in each hand. At the bottom.Double Chain Twist Take two bigbts in a rope. By drawing on ends "A" and "8" the double chain is A B fig. A" completely through the loop. nu~n cross the righthand bight in front of the left to form 67 a loop.. so that it forms a letter "M." "Z" over in front of "X. Due to the twisting process." and so on. 1 tightened. As you do this. the standing part ("B") at the right (fig." and "Z" from left to right (fig. keep drawing end ." "Y" over in front of "Z." the end ("A") dangling at the left. moving the strands in lefHight. bring "X" over in front of "Y." A B x fig. the knots formed in this type of shortening are sometimes termed "Twise Knots. otherwise it will become snarled from the cnn tinl1~d twisting." "Y. 2 . 3). 3). This gives you three strands of rope which may be termed "X . 2). left-right order (fig. Starting downward from the crossing. end "A" goes through the loop automatically (fig.. 1).

3 . as it supplies triple strands at any portion of a single rope. insert two toggles or bars through the loops that project from the circling Half Hitches.68 The Sheepshank The most famous and useful of rope "shorteners. 3). Twist the standing part to form an underhand loop and slip it over the upward bight. each gripped by a Half Hitch '12 (fig. BIGHT For simplicity." this also is a "strengthener". 1 ~ . the firmer it becomes. LOOP nrd bight. Take a bighlnear the cenrer of a rope and take another bight in the FORMA opposite direction. pulling the loop tight so that it is practically locked in place (fig.. To OVER simplify this. Now do the same with the downw.. The harder you pull on the HITCH rope ends. one running DOUBLE upward. \ . but in reverse fashion. The result is simplicity itself . fig. 1).-. assume that the upward bight is at the left. the other downward (fig. 2).2 fig.two oPlX>Site bights in the cenrer of the '\ rope. turn the rope upside down so that you will be performing exactly the same operation as before.. the stand· ing part of the rope at the right. If there is any danger of a slip. REPEAT HERE #g. .

: suitably :shortened (fig. fig. which makes ir very prllctica. Draw the bights through those opposite knots until the rope i:. To form the Catshank.69 fig. Double the rope between them to form opposite bights as with the Sheepshank. 2 . This final action gives an excellent Idea of the strength and resistance of the Catshank. Then pull the knots tight by Ngging the main portions of the rope toward the ends. tie two Running Knots or simple Slip Knots a foot or more apan. 1). this also can be made in the center of a long rope without using the ends.i for specific purposes. 1 The Catshank Similar to the Sheepshank in appearance and purpose.

70

The Dogshank
With a rope where the ends are handy this is a simple and effective way of shortening it still more. You begin with the customary opposite bights, taken in the center of the rope, like an elongated letter "5." Then simply tie one end to the bulge of the opposite hight, using a simple Overhand Knot (fig. 1). Tie the other end to its opposite bight in the same fashion. You can allow whatever length you want to the projecting ends, the actual shortening being done by the shank.
I

... HERE

TIE

REPEAT HERE
fig. 1

Overhand Knot with Sheepshank
This is the simplest and quickest of all rope shortenings, when using a rope with both ends available. Form a doubled bight in the center of the rope (in "S"~shape) and tie the triple strands in an ordinary Overhand Knot. Pull it tight by the projecting bows or loops (fig. 1). When these loops are fairly long, you can add a Sheepshank by throw~ ing a Half Hitch around each loop, just as if it were the center of a bight - which it is (fig. 3). In this case, since the ends of the rope are accessi~ ble, you can make the hitches close to the loop ends. Then draw the rope ends right through the tiny loops thus formed and pull them tight (as shown by the arrows in fig. 3), jamming the hitches and giving them added strength. This can be done with an ordinary Sheep~h:lnk or Catshank, too, when the loose ends are handy.

Overhand Knot with Sheepshank

71

fig. 1

fig. 2

fig. 3

fig. 4

72

Jury Knot with Sheepshank
This combination is strong and use~ ful, as well as h ighly ornamental. Yo u begin by making a] ury Mast Knot (see following chapter), which winds up with opposite loops or bights. alo ng with single strands (fig. 1). Use the single ropes to form Sheepshanks with the proper bights (fig. 2). The whole combination can be made in the center of a rope without access to the ends and the knot between the hitches relieves strain :If.; well :1.5 adding strength .

.,,
,
/
\

,,
,,
/

,.
,
\ I

I

I
I
\

I
\

,

I

I

,

,

. --~

I
/

fig. f

,,

I

,

/
/

fig. 2

VIII FANCY AND DECORATIVE KNOTS .

and if useful. Along with these features. . there is the actual formation of the knots. These points will become apparent when working with the knots in this section. so much the better.75 Plain and Fancy From plain knots fancier types can be formed. " It should be decorative as well . some having special merit because of the ingenious W:ly!'l in which they are £a"hioned. and turns are merely compounded in the making of the more intricate rope designs. since the basic features of bights. A knot that is complicated is not entitled to the rating of "fancy. loops.

With the first two fingers of the right hand. with the first two fin~ gers of the left hand. and in the right fist. as follows: Grip the left fist. though it needs added knots to make it secure. dip the rope extending in back of the right hand. dip the rope extending in hack of the left. at the same time slanting them slightly forward and downward. Draw the hands apart (fig. 3). knuckles down. allowing several inches of rope between them (fig. the loops can be slipped over a per~ son's wrists and then drawn tight. knuckles up.C. Turn the hands toward each other (fig.76 fig. 1 Tom Fool Knot This is simply an extensio n of the Running Knot. a double form which may be made very rapidly in three rope in moves. bringing the knuckles together. ~. 4 . The final action forms the double loop. so that the in~between rope forms a bight extending out beyond the fists (fig. 2). This is a type of handcuff tie. 2 fig. me fig. 4). 1).

work end "B" up throuah the tiny loop formin~ the right half of the original Overhand Knot. 1). ily formed if the rope is laid out on a flat surface and the directions are carefully followed. Now bring end "B" down beneath both portions of the bight formed by end "A. Carry end "A" down over both portions of the bight formed by end "8. The end at the right ("A") is then carried toward the left and the loop is extended to lie aerOAA it." That done.77 The Shamrock A highly ornamental knot. 3). 1 fig. You need a short rope since both ends are used in the fotmation of the Shamrock. x V fig.gn (fig. 2 A fig." Push end "A" down through the left half of the original Overhand Knot (as shown by the arrow in fig. 3 B . 2). 2). through the little loop "X". tightening the center of the Shamrock and at the same time arranging the three big loop-' in uni· form fashion to form the petals of the d". Tie a simple Overhand Knot with the loop above it and bring the ends up and above the loop. yet ea$. The end at the left ("B") is then laid across the loop toward the right (fig. 2). indicated as "Y" (as shown by the arrow in fig. one on each side (fig. Pull the ends ("A" and "B") straight down.

It gains its name from the fact that it was used to rig a temporary "jury" LAYOUT mast. 2). Hold these so that the left loop ("X") slightly overlaps the right loop (fig. 1). 1 RESULT fig. 1). Continue and form another overhand loop ("Y") with the right hand. form an overhand loop ("X") with the left hand. fingers tip to tip. Dip the left thumb and fore~ finger down through "X" and grip the left side of "Y. Let these loops lie loosely on the hands which are palms up.78 Jury Mast Knot Working from left to right. the center being placed over the top of the mast and the loops fixed with guy lines to the deck. PULL ". 2 . Pull the hands apart and the knot is formed (fig.- fig." Work the right thumb and forefinger up through "Y" and grip the right side of "X" (as shown by the arrows in fig.

:.... 2). 2 ." but what about the middle loop. PULL under the next and over the last. 2)... "Y"? You can reclaim "Y" by drawing it out from the bottom of the knot.." "Z")..." as shown in figure 1.then over the next and under the last (as shown by the arrows in fig. "Y" overlaps "X" and "Z" overlaps "¥. left -which is the right side of "X" ..:. 50 that they can he easily c:::=::::.~~==:::> handled.. work the left side o f loop "Z" under the first TOpl'! to it. 1). Pull those extended ropes toward left and right and you will have two big loops (fig.:o<?':.:<. PULL At the same time. 50 that it forms a third loop below and between the other rwo (fig. Those account for "X" and "Z.. For nautical purposes. fig.. . The loops should be placed on a flat surface. these are generally spUced for greater holding strength. in that order from left to right.Double Jury Knot 79 Here you layout three overhand loops ("X. a fourth loop can be formed by knotting the rwo loose ends. Draw the right side of loop " X" over the first rope to its right. but when used to attach a guy line. 1 1 r BIND ENDS x z fig." "Y.

the left going under the loop. like the Jury Mast Knot or similar designs. this one is formed by weaving the rope ends through three loops. 2 loop (fig.80 An Oriental Knot Typical of many knots of O riental origin. the other underhand. If the ends are tied or drawn up together) the knotted center may be tightened. Start with a loop in the center of the rope and form two others to the left side and below it. 1 the left end going under and nver. 3). 2). 2) up through the lower loops. as shown in figure 1. fig. Weave the ends on up through the top loop. the right end over and under (as indicated by the arrows in fig. Or the ends can be seized to form a third loop. Cross the rope ends right over left (fig. one overhand. the right going over the iuup. uliI. fig. in an alternating "overhand" manner.lt:r the Idt end and over {he fig. so that the lower loops resemble those of a Double Bowline. over the right end and under the loop. 3 .

IX TRICKS WITH KNOTS .

.

or other problems that confront the impromptu or amateur magician. Once you have learned your knot tricks. though . You don't have to "sell" your audience with glib talk. Fo r that reason most knot tricks should be done slowly and deliberately. Hasty work.loops and uther formations are very difficult for the eye to follow." too. which the reader will find easy to perform once he "knows his knots. hesitation. expanding your " repertoire" as far as possible so that it will retain an air of novelty. It is better. The ropes accomplish the deception. 83 . Most knot tricks are good "repeaters. Actually. to vary your tricks. but it is the one thing that the rope wizard doesn't want his audience to discover. The sort that can be worked time and again before the saUle group of spectators and still keep them pwzled. No quickness of the hand is needed to deceive the eye in this type of wizardry. special gimmicks. that is true. nor worry about sleight-of-hand. you can concentrate on them when you demonstrate them. or anythinQ that detracts from smoothness gives the impression that the trick is all in the knots. rather than the performer's skill.Presenting Knot Tricks Here we have a series of really baffli ng rope tricks. That is. Knot tricks are "self-working" in the true sense of the term. they should be practiced to the point where there is no hesitation. but at the same time smoothly. fo r any fumbling may give away some important maneuver that is being done at that particular point." The reason the knot tricks are "easy" is that knots.

A tug of the ends and the loop whisks com~ pletely clear. Then continue dear around with the right end. 3 . Or.the upper circle of the "8" . formi~ the second scoop. wherein the loops slide free.and you pull the ends of the rope. In either case. whichever way you choose. In laying the rope. the left hand completes the lower loop by simply laying its end over the bight to produce the "finger trap" shown in the first diagram. Have a friend place rus finger in the center loop . The trick depends on how you lay the rope.J. the loop can either trap the finger or come clear. start with the left end and carey the right end down below the left. 1). the result is different. the slight action of the left hand goes unnoticed as it is apparently adjusting the rope. To all appearances. When you insert your own finger. LEFT LAYS fig. In brief. however. so it forms an open bight instead of a dosed loop. the figutes are identicaL PULL BOTH ENDS DOWN fig. instead. This is shown in the third dia~ gram. which is the crux of the trick because: fu the right hand draws its end tighter. the left hand simply lifts the bight and lays it over the loose end. His finger is napped in a tight~ ened double loop. 2 -OR RIGHT ADJUSTS END OVER SIGHT BIGHT OVER END " LOOP and it will come dear.:OIIJ Jrawinl!: . Set it as shown in the first diagram and you will snare the finger when it is placed in the loop. Lay the rope 85 5hown in dll: St:I.B4 FINGER TRAPPED Slip the Loop A short rope is laid on the table so that it forms a figure eight with one end completely encircling it (fig.

so that the end can bf' slid over or under the bight to produce the result desired (fig. 1). Switch !Tom one to the other and you will keep keen observers baffled when you repeat the stunt. 1 FREED ~ LEFT LAYS END -OR OVER BIGHT VICA VERSA • ~ RIGHT DRAWS END DOWN fig. in which the finger is inserted.On Again - Off Again TRAPPED 85 Here is another version of the fin· ger and loop Stunt. Again. The second diagram shows the form in which the loops pull dear. 3 . This is recommended as an alter· nate for the previous method. 2 PULL DOWN BOTH ENDS fig. PUll DOWN BOTH ENDS fig." but the uppet loop. may be made considerably larger (fig. Arranged as in the fitst diagram. the loop will snag the finger when the ends of the cord are pulled. forming the loops as in the "key" diagram. it appears in the shape of an "8. 2). which uses a dif· ferent way of placing the cord. Start with the left end .

The right hand tucks its end of the rope between the projecting left fingers. you say "Go!" I give the rope a quick stretch and the knots arc gone. 1). SO that the knots run in regular order (fig. T (l. 2). eliminating them instantly. With the word "Gal".king the ends of the rope. The right hand helps in this proce~ clure and you must be careful to place each knot exactly the same way.fig. RIGHT HAND LEFT FINGERS CLIP RIGHT END fig. 2 . pull the hands wide apart. This is done as follows: Keep the knots "open" so they can be looped or gathered over the extended left fin~ gen. working from the left end to the right. without twisting the rope. starting with the knot at the left.n grip the left end of the rope (fig. The left hand comes through the coiled knots. 1 Go-Go Knots You tie a series of simple Overhand Knots along a length of rope. Turn the left hand so the right co.

.ke the rope and the trick is done. The trick is done as follows: Proceed as with the "G<YD:o Knots" until the left fingers obtain their hold on the right end of the rope." done in one. This has a very mysterious effect. as they must shake away easily. hand style.87 Shake Them Away This is a more deliberate version of the "G<YD:o Knots. so it is knuckles downward. Let the coils slide from the hand as you sha. Then tum the left hand completely over. The right hand makes a hypnotic pass as the left hand shakes the rope and the knots evaporate. be sure that the knots are not drawn too tightly. Again.

So you take a rope and proceed to prove that you can do it. Here is the method: Lay a short rope on a table and fold your arms (fig. 2 . 1). 1 RESULT fig. a knot will tie itself automatically (fig. 2). the other with your left. As your arms unfold. fig. Simply unfold your arms and draw the enck of the rope tlpllI"t. Foreword and grip one end of the rope with the thumb and fingers of your right hand.B8 The Impossible Knot Most people would agree it's impossible to tie a knot in the middle of a rope while you are holding both ends.

:au tie tile ends to the bightS in the manner of a Catshank (fig. 1 TIE END "---"" CUT . To "restore" the rope: Take one end o n the left hand . With the right h:mr! . spaced equally along the rope. . then double it into twO bights up and down (fig. As you come to the knots. give the false impressio n that the rope has been cut into three parts. Actually. I ).. you do just that. carry them along with the Tlght hand. 2 .~Iowly coil the rope around the left. 2). you really cut off the rope ends and the knots with them. State that you have divided the rope into three sections _w hich you have and that you will now cut the sections apart. A few magic passes.. Draw out the loops to equal lengths. You begin by showi ng a single rope. Instead o f cutting the bights. so that yuu I.TIE END 69 Double Cut and Restored Rope In this simple but effective version of the "cut rope" trick. but in actuality you don't. you use a pair of scissors to cut the standing part of each rope.. so that only an inch (or less) of rope projects from each end. CUT fig. just below thiknot (see fig. To all appearances. but the knots naturally stay in place. . and the knots are gone and the single rope is restored in full. That is. Pick them up from fig. which takes them off the end.. you cut a rope into three lengths which are then knottpr! together. You now take the rope by its new "ends" and the two knots. whereas it is still all one. 2). d rawing the right hand down the rope as you do. The simplest way is to reach for the scissors which yuu u~o. You must now dispose of the telltale knots.:J to cut the rope. you don't cut the rope into three lengths at all .

if you have some artide lying on the table to hide them." Lay aside the scissors.here you make some mystic passes . '. "Yes. You give the ends to someone and tell him to hold the rope taut.nots makes the trick all the more puuling to t>OIlIl: people. this bold handling of the k. In this case. showing it "restored. Then you turn to another person and ask. along with the knots. you pluck the knots from the rope and hand them to your friend.90 the table with the right hand. It's not much of a problem. there is a simpler solution to the p roblem. Oddly enough. Wave the scissors. " With that. as part of a comedy climax. that is to let the knots dis~ pose of themselves. such as a handkerchief which can later be pocketed. take the ends of the rope and stretch it straight." you announce: "All right."and since we won't need the knots. while you take the rope and show it intact. leaving the knots in their place. you can have them. "Are you sure those are knots?" When he says. ." Comedy "CuI-Rope" Climax Disposal of the cut. How~ ever.rOff knots is the only problem with the "Double Cut" rope trick. \. I'll restore the ro pe by magic" . saying that they cut the rope and will now magically restore i t along with the secret words "Mumbo Jumbo. you don't bother to coil me rope around your left hand.

With some types of rope. You can give the rope for inspection and then pick up the loose ends . I( you use this climax.. the whole effect being instant:m~ll'<.91 Snap-Off Knots Another climax to the "Double Cut" is to retain the rope yourself after you have made the cuts.or ignore them. so that they will snap away. The knots wiu then snap off the rope and fall to the floor while the onlookers stare in surprise at the res~ tored rope. Dangle it by the ends. repeat the magic words and give the rope a hard snap by spreading your arms and pulhng it taut. SNAP OFF KNOTS I / . it also is a good plan to press them wlth thumb and Ongets to make SUfe they arc loose enough to snap off. be sure to cut the knots very close.

X ROPE TIES AND RELEASES .

:t. . al.94 Sketches of Houdini coiling the rope for the to Amazing Knots" trick during the opening of a rope tia.

as some are performed "under cover" o r require special appliances. grip the rope loosely and -- . Bring the right hand palm up beneath the rope. Reserve them for the right audience or suitable occasion where they wilJ be most effective. three knots appear at intervals along the rope! These "Spirit Knots. With lhesc: you require: some emphasis o n presentation. they are somewhat different from ordmary knot tricks. casually coil it. and give it a hard fling. retaining one end as you do so. (Ice secretly formed as follows: Lay the left end of the rope across the open left hand. Instantly." as they are sometimes called. which is palm up.Special Rope Stunts Though the added effects in this chapter are simple to perform. and so have been included in a group of their own. 95 Three Amazing Knots Yo u hold a sixAoot length of rope between your hands.

1 tum the right toward the left.96 \ fig. This automatically forms an underhand loop. which the right hand hangs over the extendo:lleft fingers (fig. 2). fig. 2 . 1). so that the right comes knuckles down (fig. Move the right hand along the rope to the right and repeat the maneuver with the second loop. Then go farther to the right and form a third loop the same way.

That action will form the knots along the rope. 3 All this is done openly and above~ board. and give the ropt a fling with the right hand. make them ample and the trick i.!J sure. draw it clear. you dip the right thumb and forefinger through all three. loops and grip the left end of the rope(fig. As your right hand places the finaiioop. / . BrinR that end back through the loops.97 fig. Don't be stingy with the loops. retaining the end which you have gripped (fig.3). 4). Now comes the simple but unnoticed move that produces the climax.

Knot Mystery Here is Houdini's version of the "spooky knots" on a larger scale. under the proper conditions. It is impossible to get at the rope and tie knots in it.98 Houdini'. that is. the lights are turned off.and say that you will have the spooks tie some knots in it. 1 . You can do it your· self. 1). To prove that some such force is necessary I you tie 'one end of the rope around :I person's waist and the other end around a second per· son's waist. Since spirits work only in the dark. The main porrioll of the rope is lying coiled on the floor between your two volunteers (fig. that actually baffled persons familiar with the original trick. You then tell the two volunteers to move to opposite corners of the room so the spooks will have space in which they can operate. impossible for anyout: except the friendly "spirits" upon whom you call. You call for lights and "mysteriously" the rope is stretched taut between the two fig. which are as foHows: Show your friends a rope measur· ing thirty feet or morl! .

bttause putting the loops DUet the helper is the same as putting the left end of the rope thTOUgh the loops. pick up all the loops together and drop them over the head and shoulders of the helper on the left (fig. o r someone who will blame the "spooks" for pushing them around. at least. the knots must have been tied by the obliging spooks. Here is how you really do it. In coiling the rope on the floor use " underhand" loops as described in "TIu«: Amuing Knots. 2 99 fig. three feet across or more. Z). The end goes through the loops and the knots appear. Just pick the proper helper for the person on the left. the loops must be very large." But in this case. Since you couldn't have had a thing to do with it. either a friend who will work with you. That. Then the trick will be all the simpler. That will draw out the rope and form the knots automatically (fig. but on a bigger scale and under mysterious conditions. 3 . fig. Once tlfe lights are out. 3). is your story. Start that person to the far corner of the room.helpers with knots ::It regular inter~ vals.

and hold the rope with the left thumb while the right hand carries its end ("S") around the tube and ties a third knot. 8 fig. 1 I ~ I I \ 8 . in such a manner that the left end ("A") is the upper end. and the right end ("B") is the lower end (fig. using end "B" in the process. This is near the lower end of the tube and the rope end ("B") now dangles free (fig. 2). you take a light rope and tie a simple Overhand Knot around the outside of the tube. A fantastic tube that dissolves knots inserted into it! To prove the tube's special proper~ ties. You then tie another knot. just like the first.100 Knot DIssolving Tube Here is something really fourth~ dimensional. Bring the right strand of the rope a few inches downward hold it against the tube with the left thumb while you carry the right end of the rope clear around the tube with the right hand. 1). Bring the right end downward A again.

This trick works if you follow instructions to the letter. Yo u actually untie the knots when you drop the upper end down through the tube. Obviously. but when the people pull the ends of the rope and you run the tube back and forth . Z). Prompdy take the free end of the rope ("B") and give it to someone else to hold. When it comes out the bottom. 3). 101 fig. Next. the knots are safely and soundly in the tube.Now take the upper end of the rope ("A") and drop it down through the tube (as indicated by the arrow in fig. Tube and rope may then be examined. Just mah sure the cord is long enough. draw all the knots upward in a bunch and as they come off the top. give it to someone to hold. but you have to stuff the knots in with it to complete the job. 3 . This can be done with string as well as rope and any cardboard tube will do. they find to their amazement that the knots are gone (fig. push them down into the tube. the more impressive it will be. staring that the dissolving process is ready to begin. and the more mysterious or pseudo-scientific talk you add.

1). so as to form a loop some three or four inches in diameter> from which the black ring dangles. 2).~~11re. The rings have holes in the center and can be cut from heavy cardboard if metal rings are not handy. you announce you wilt make the rings change places despite the solid knot that intervenes. Two persons hold the extended ends of the cord and a large handkerchief is thrown over the hang· ing loops and rings (fig. Three or four more knots are added at the top to make it all the more . firm knot. fig. 1 •• • ". which is tied to form an upper loop of about the same size (fig. along with two rings or disks tl\at should be quite different in appear· aoee . 2 .say one black and onc white. You show fig. which is tied with a hard.102 Rings and Loops A stiff cord is used in this sNnt. Now. The black ring is threaded on the cord. The white ring is then slid over one end of the and.

the white ring is now on the lower loop and the black ring on the upper loop. cover them again and work beneath the cloth for a few moments. Despite its seeming impossibility. 3). down to the lower loop (as shown by the arrows in fig. this can all be done qui(t:: Hlpidly. you grasp the loops on each side of the center knot and push them toward each other. In fact. good and tight. Then pull the knot tight again. When the handker~ chief is removed. bringing it up through the loosened knot to the upper loop. the rings have indeed changed places! To everyones amazement. the knot loosens and you can run the upper ring along the cord and through the knot. 50 no one will realize how you worked the trick. With a little prac~ tice. Reverse the process with the other ring.to3 the positions of the rings. fig. but the: knot between them is intact. 3 . Thanks to the stiff cord. the trick is subtly s imple. the knots have to be untied to remove the rings from the cord. Underneath the doth.

3).. . O ne rope is tied about your left wrist and the other about the right. spooky things happen. 1). 2) and let people draw the ends of the ropes around in back of you. Now. U II 1 \ \~ WRISTS TIED THUS \1 11 fig. a rubber balloon. an alarm clock.104 I. A screen or cloth is raised to hide you from the spectators. wherein you call on "spooks" to aid you in producing othcrwiac impo$sible results. This leaves two ends dangling nom each rope. such as a pad and pencil. a small glass of water. some objects are placed in front of you on a table. I. 1 " 'I• II • I' The Spooky Ropes T we six~foot lengths of rope are used in this surprising stunt. cross your arms (fig. each wrist being tied in the cen~ ret of its respective rope (fig. Immediately. . tying them together behind you and fixing them to the back of the chair so that your arms are literally clamped across your chest (fill. . You sit down in a chair. or they step into another room and dose the door.

3 . 105 /' ARMS CROSSED THUS fig. You start the alarm d ock ringing. burst the balloon with the pendl point and reverse your proce~ dure with the ropes. the balloon explodes with a bang. as the knots are never untied. O r at least partially. you now have enough slack to reach the table. 2 ROPES TIED IN REAR fig. as it seems impossible that you could have done the spooky work without releasing yourself from the chair. twist to the left and slide your upper arm." You now have people cut or untie the ropes to make sure that they are knotted as tightly as originally. You Nrn about completely in the process. like skinning away a tight fitting sweater. The moment you are alone.:slide down in the chair.The Spooks. You finally call for people to remove the sc~een o~ return to the room. Though your wrists are still tiw. which makes everything all the more baf~ fling. the alarm clock is still ringing. the right. 4). . where you write the mes~ sage. over your head so that you can rome dear (fig. they find you tied as tightly as ever.TIn: ala~m dock sta~t3 to ring. twisting yourself back up in the chair while pulling your right arm down over your head again. Yet that is precisely what you do. But the balloon is burst. the water is gone from the glass and there is a message written on the pad: " We were here . blow up the balloon and drink the water. When they do.

Everyone is likely to believe that you got out of the ropes and somehow tied yourself back in them.or would be if yo u could do it! One final point: never fold:your aims when working this trick or you will be boxed for sure. He just wan'r get out. even when the ropes a f C pulled very tight. put him in the chair and tie him . First. which is all the morc wonderful..~ how they find you. en let them apply sealing wax to the kno ts to prove you have n Ot tampered with them. however. all tied up as you were at the start. Simply cross them so that the right lies over the left. You can e .Jes up through as if they were folded.106 That '. 4 . This nOt only adds to the mystery. it serves as a reason wny they must cut the ropes or work tltt: knuts loose afterward. then you can always wriggle o ur. BRING ARM OVER HEAD fig. But if some skeptic wants to try the trick himself o r argues that you wcr- en't securely bou nd . get him to fold his arms. o r draw the rO.

The middle fingers of the right hand clip the ro~ Jangling from the l. The left hand fingers catch the ropes that hang from the right wrist. you let the ropes dangle. arms crossed and wrist ropes brought around in back of you and knotted to a chair. " fig. Things then happen in the same swift.. turning your palms toward your body.\\ . ----~".cft wrist. You are tied as in the previous trick.. 1 . running the ropes between your fingers as you do . But in this case you don't have to wriggle pardy free. the trick is done at the very start. bring your hands palm to palm. in the same fashion (fig. explaining how you intend to have them tied behind your back. As you talk.Quickie Spook Trick Here is a simplified version of the "Spooky Ropes" which is quick and easy. 107 . After each wrist has been tied. Rapidly fold your arms. uncanny fashion. but with fingers pointing in opposite dire<:tion. 1).

People suppose that the ropes run the proper way. 2 . This kills any clue to the reversal of the ropes. In this case. fig. you damp your arms together as though they were firmly bound as everyone thinks. because your wrists hide the knots.100 Boldly. Afterward. but smoothly.2). so you seem to be securely tied. so you can spread your arms and let the ropes dangle before asking anyone to release your wrists (fig. All you have to do is spread your arms wide apart and )'OU can reach and handle the objects on the table. you aTe actu- ally reversing the direction of the ropes. so that they double back on themselves. have the ropes rut at the back when the trick is over. Nobody sees this.

XI
SPECIAL TRICKS

String and Scissors
Two hundred years ago, the chevalier Pinem astounded Paris by escaping from a doubled chain, looped through metal rin!:!; attached to his legs and locked to a post. The feat was explained by a writer named Decremps, as shown in the following pages. Figure 1 shows the chains before the escape, which was performed inside a cabinet. Figure 2 explains how the escape was accomplished. Figure 3 demonstrates the princIple behind the escape with a looped string and a pair of scissors: draw the loop through one handle and then the other, nod then spread the loop over the points of the scissors.
fig. 1

111

fig. 3

fjg.2

1lZ

The Disentangled Scissors
More than 50 years later. a writer named Cramer supplied a more detailed version of the String and Scissors trick, called "The Disentangled Scissors,"in his book The Secret Out. People have been doing the trick ever since. This is an old but capital trick. A piece of string is fastened to the scis-

sors, as shown, and both the ends of the cord are held by the hand or tied
firmly to a post or other immovable

object (fig. 1). To remove the sci.5s0rs from the cord, take the loop end of the string and pass it through the upper handle as shown by the dotted line. Let the loop be carried still further towards the lower handle. unlil it is passed complete around the scissors (fig. 2), you then can remove them, as the string will slip easily through the handles.

fig. 1

---- .... - - - ...
(~

~\

~~ "", ' , ,, ' ... . . . ----- --::J
... _-----

"\\

fig. 2

The secret is the two ropes orl gi~ nally shown are not single ropes.-'A. They are each doubled in the center. fig... and the other ends to another (fig.. fig.Ropes through Coat Hold two long ropes side by side and push the ends through one sleeve of a coar and out the other (fig. .-~ .. . 1 thread (fig. the thread breaks and the coat falls to the ground.t .. When they pull the ropes hard. 4). 4 . Give one end of each' rope to one per~ son. 113 1' ..{ u::r-"-cn I~-'" . the coat faUs to the ground (fig. . 2). 3 . 3). 1).. When the two people pull hard enough. This joint is covered while you run the "two ropes" through the sleeves.-.. and their centers bound tORether with fig.

4). Take the ring. 3 fig.114 Ring on a String Give someone a large flexible ring. 1).. 3). Tum back around and show how the rung is now on the string (fig._ . 2 fig. fig. 2). 4 . work the ring under one WTist loop and over the hand onto the string (fig. fig... then allow your wrists to be loosely tied with a length of rope between them (fig. then turn your back for a few moments (fig. 1 . To accomplish this. Use a ring from a vacuum cleaner or a jar..

and hook the left little finger in one of the strings running from the right hand. 1 fig. and the thumb of the other hand. The loop will now be held as shown in figure 2. the string has been released by the left little finger and the right thumb./ fig. 2 fig. 3 . 3). Swing the right hand over towards the left. 1). and held by the thumb.String through 115 the BuHonhole A loop of string is passed through a buttonhole. and will still be between the hands (fig. and hook the right little finger in either one of the strings that run from the left thumb to the buttonhole. Then bring the left hand toward the right.hc drawing. Then draw the hands rapidly apart. The string will come clear o f the buttonhole. Release the string with the little finger of one hand. III \. . The hands are suddenly drawn apart and the string comes right out of the but~ tonhole. The thumb and one finger of each hand are then slipped through the loops o n the opposite sides. The string seems to be firmly through the buttonhole. apparently through the doth of the coat. (lod hold it with a thumb in each end loop (fig. This is done as follows: Push the loop through the buttonhole. but it CAn be drawn free in an instant. which is the key to the whole trick.

116 Knollhe Rope H~rt: is another seemingly impossi~ ble trick . take a loop of the rope between the wrists and force it up under the band encircling the left wrist. A knot will appear on the rope between the wrists (fig. fig. Have someone tie the ends around your wrists. Give this loop a twist and pass it over the hand (fig.to tie a knot in the middle of a rope with both ends tied around yOUT wrists! The trick requires a light rope at least 3 feet long. down the wrist. 2 . 1). 2). Then proceed as follows: Turn your back. and back under the band again. with a length of rope between then.

fjg. 1. "A~. The loop slides off the left wrist and the knot disappears (fig. and over the left wrist. 4 . 3 fig.:---~--'~ and push it through the loop. behind. Knot Hold a handkerchief as shown in Fig. 1 I 117 A fig. Work this trick rather rapidly and it will completely mystify everyone. as indicated by the arrow in figure 2. Pull the ends. 3). 4).The Knolles. Bring the right end ("A") B under. 2 fig. A knot is apparently tied in the handkerchief (fig.

the tips of the thumb and second finger are brought dose together. 3). always with the same baffling result. After you have practiced the trick. Each rope end is almost fli ppt'd into the gTip of the other thumb and forefinger. Practice this slowly at first. The right thumb comes beneath its rope. 2 fig. 2). From this position.. each hand merely working the opposite of the way it did before. turning them inward... you can make it into a Square Knot as follows: You reverse the positions of the hands.. 1). fig.... so that each is in position to take a pincer grip on the end of the opposite rope (fig. raising it upward. you can repeat it as often as you want. The left thumb also is . 4 . With each hand.. 1 fig... yet apparently without releasing the ends._ . Hold the left end in the left hand so it runs behind the fingers and up between the first and second fingers (fig. Something that should be utterly impossible! Hold the right end of the rope in tht' rlghr hand so It runs across the inside of the fingers and extends down between the first and second fingers. At the same rime. extended in a similar fashion 50 thal the dangling end of the left hand rope lays across the left thumb (fig. Then tie another Overhand Knot in the same quick manner.. Pull the ends and a knot forms in the center ofthe rope (fig. each thumb performs an important function.. In addition. with the left holding the rope across the front of the fingers and the right having its rope in back. bring the hand together. and you will find that the action is practically automatic. 3 fig..liB Quick Trick Knot Here is a quick way of tying a knot in the center of a rope. 4).

With a little prac~ tice. 6). Then push the loop under the string in back of the wrist. 3 and 4). then tum your back for a moment. Take a ring. n:sull. 119 fig. To perform this trick. and pass the loop over the fingers of the hand (figs. The knots are tied and sealed. When you show your hands. Push the loop of string up under the string encircling the wrist. 5 fig. 4 fig. the ring is tied between them o n the string (fig. 6 . and bring the loop over the fingers again (fig. if desired.The Mysterious Ring Your hands are tied together with a loop of string between (fig. 1). the ring will be tied on the string (fig. 5). these movements can be per~ formed rapidly. 2 fig. 3 fig. 1 fig. take a loop of string and push it through the cen~ ter of the ring (fig. 2). 6). As i!.

Shake it two or three times and suddenly a knot appears in the hanging corner of the handkerchief. In other words. . exchange the corners (fig. and let corner B fall instead. Those watching the trick think it is the same corner all the time. Repeat this two or three times. Here is how it is done: Stan with a handkerchief with one corner tied in a knot. so that both comers are held in the right hand. 3). 2). Lift up corner A with the left hand. The comer with a knot in it (corner B) is concealed in the right hand. hold on to corner A when you shake the handkerchief. The last time you take up corner A. so that you have both corners in the right hand (fig. and act disappointed when no knot appears. Give the handkerchief a quick shake and let corner A fall again.120 The Appearing Knot Take a handkerchief and hold it by one corner. Hold it as shown in figure 1> with comer A hanging down.

Take a piece of string and tie it in three single knots. bring it around to the front again (over top of itselO.. Z). The result will be the ordinary Square Knot. 1 .. original position (fig. and then suddenly come apart so not a knot rt:lllains! The first step is to tie a single knot (fig. The trick lies in the third knot. the knots draw together.121 Knots that are Not There are many knot tying tricks. Note that end A comes near~ est to the performer . some very complicated . Again be sure that the right end (HAlt ) comes to the fro nt (fig. 3). I ). but this one is so simple that it can easily be learned. it appears sn fair that no one wiu suspect trickery. At the same time. When you pull the ends of the string. Just pull the: ends and the knots will disappear. fig. Push end A through loop " X" from the front." and out behind it. push it through loop "Y .in front of the knot. one at a time. forming two loops ("X" and " Y"). Then rie a similar knot.

or a large silk handkerchief. 3 . Once you have done it a few times. 2 fig. a belt. The trick can be performed with a rope.122 Leurn this trick nnd practice it. fig. you will never forget it. and it will always be mystifying to those who see it.

1 ~~X"». thrusting it through the ring as indicated by the arrow (fig. bring it up and push it down through the original loop as shown by the arrow ( fig. Carry the end under the cord. 3)." a bracdet or a curtain ring can be tied to the center of a 123 cord. Tie a loose over· hand knot above (fig. I / I / / / / fig.The KnoHed Ring As a perfect follow~up to "Knots that are Not. Pull the ends of the cord in opposite directions._ /' fig. 3 . Run the cord through the ring from left to right (fig. only to drop free when you pull the ends. fig. 2 I I '. 1). Z). 2) and bring the right end below the ring. The ring will drop from the co rd as the kno t dissolves.

fig. 1). 3). 2). Tie a single overhand knot (fig. 2 fig.124 Trap the Knot A neat puzzle with I two-foot length of rope. 1 fig. 3 . where it remain hidden when you show the big loop. Then tie the ends in a tight square knot (fig. The method: Tum your back and pull the sides of the lower loop outward. This forces the "trapped" single knot up into the square knot. The trick is to remove the single knot without untying the ends (fig. trapping the single knot in the center.

XII ILLUSTRATED ROPECRAFT .

With this in mind. individual work. All offer an opportunity to develop individual skill in the field of knotcraft.s~ cribed in step-by~step procedures earlier in this book. 127 OVERHAND KNOT SHEET BEND ~.n for advanced. the reader will develop the skills to apply to forming other knots. STEVE DORE'S KNOT SHEET BEND DOUBLE SQUARE KNOT OVERHAND BOW i SAILOR'S KNOT CLOVE HITCH . the completed knots shown in this chapter have been chose. Some knots have been de.Illustrated Ropecraft By following the step-by~step knot formations described in the previous chapters. Others are variations of established types. This means that he will be able to study finished knots and use the skills he has acquired to form his own steps toward tying them.

12B CAT'SPAW TIMBER HITCH KILLICK HITCH GRANNY KNOT HALF HITCH CHAIN HITCH FISHERMAN'S EYE .

129 RUNNING KNOT SLIPPERY HITCH SURGEON'S KNOT FIGURE EIGHT KNOT LARIAT LOOP ROLLING HITCH CARRICK BEND .

BOWLINE BOWLINE ON BIGHT FIGURE EIGHT DOUBLE TWO HALF HITCHES FISHERMAN'S BEND HALYARD BEND BOWKNOT MIDSHIPMAN'S HITCH .

131 DOUBLE OVERHAND BLACKWALL HITCH TAUT LINE HITCH HITCHING TIE TILLER'S HITCH MILLER'S KNOT SHEEPSHANK .

. . .. Disentangled Scissors.... 70 Double Bow .. . . . . . ... f/l .... 88 Interlocking (Triple) Fisherman's Bend. 58 .......... .. . ...... 57 .. 8. . ... 20 Double Chain Twist.... ... . 7~ KnOt Dissolving Tube ... . 117 Knotted Ri~ .... ........ 9.... ... 11 False Bowline ........ Clove Hitch ... 28 .... .. ........ .. .-go Knots .... ... ... .. 89 Double Jury Knot .. ... . . ...... lIZ Dogshank .. 79 Double Lark's Head ..... . ... 98 Houdini's KnQ[ Mystery Impossible Knot: ........... 100 Knot the Rope ...... . ...... ..... . ........ ..........INDEX Appearing Knot ....... . .. 90 Crossed Lark's Head . ............ 38 Double Overhand .. 121 Killick Hitch .. 11 Lark's Head........ 116 Knotless Knot . .. ... ....... ......... ... . .... 17 Half Hitch ............ . 25 ...... 49 Flemish Kno:: ....... .. ....... 34 " . 46 Double Slipknot.....~ . Figure Eight Eye Knot........ 60 Go.... 39 Jury KnQ[ with Sheepshank ...58 Fab...... .....72 Jury Mast Knot ...... .................. 4B French Bowline.... 53 Eye Knot ... Figure Eight Hand Knot ......... 52 Cat's-Paw ......... 122 Knots That Are NQ[ . 41 .. .. ..... .............aIk'~ llead .. 86 Granny Knot .. Comedy "Cut Rope" Climax .. ....... ..... . Crossing Hitc... ............ . ....... 26 . ..67 Double Cut and Restored Rope .. . ... ..: l.... . ........... 37 Figure Eight ..... ..... ... .......42 OoMrnk ......... 31 English Knot .. 120 .......... 29 ......... .. .. . Bow Knot '" Bowline Carrick Bend .... ... 19 .......... .

.... .. .... 59 Spooky Ropes ........ ... . 77 Sh~ ...Off Again ......ruk .. . ....>kki< Spook T""" .............. ... ..........Lark's Head ................... ...... ...... .............. 68 Sheet Bend .... 8 Overhand Knot with Sheepshank . ..... .......... 35 Multiple Figure Eight ..... 70 Q....... ...... ....... ..... .... ................. .......... 16 Shake Them Away .. 87 Shanu-oclc ................. ........ ............ ........ .... ...... .. .. 50 Sho=.......... ....... 119 On Again .. ..... ..... 32 Snap Off Knots ...... 10 Mysterious Ring ......................... .......... 80 Overhand Knot ...... _ """" ...... ..... ......47 Oriental Knot .. ........42 Ring on Saings . 107 Raddng Hi<ch ....... 10 String and Scisson .....ng S". ... ... ....... ... 30 Single Cllnin Twist .... . ... ..... .. ......... ... . .. ........... 27 Ttmber Hitch with Half Hitch ....... ........... 118 Q.... .............. . .... 102 Rogue's Knot ... 16 Stevedore's Knot ... . 36 Lasso or Honda Knot ... ... . .. 18 Ropes Through Coot ...Uck Trick Knot .. ... 61 :Midshipman's Hitch ........ ................ ................... 27 Tom Fool Knot .....".......... ...... ... ...... . 66 Slip the Loop .... ..... 51 . 76 Trap the Knot ...see Square Knot ... ..... .......... ........... ...... 8 Two Rope Square Knot ... 33 Sailot's Knot ........................ ..... I14 Rings and Loops ..... . 124 Triple (Interlocking) Lark's Head .. ... ....... .. .. III Striog Through the Buttonhole .. ... 85 Ordinary Knot .. . 115 Surgeon's Knot ....... 95 Tunber Hitch ... 21 Simple Slip Knot .............. ....... 18 . ... 15 Weaver's Knot ........ 91 Spanish Bowline . ..... 113 Running Knot and Half Hitch ..... .. ... ........ . ... ...... .... . .... ........... . ... 84 Slippery Hitch .......... 39 Triple Overhand -see Double Overhand .. .. .. 104 Square Knot . .

. ... A .OTHER.M E]HOO • I SBN 0-517-09369-3 ..

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