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Elastic Solids Vol.1 Math

# Elastic Solids Vol.1 Math

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07/26/2011

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Let v(x) be a vector-valued function and let W(x) denote its gradient:

W = v or equivalently Wij = vi,j.

The components of W and v in the two bases {e1,e2,e3} and {ˆe1,ˆe2,ˆe3} are related in the

usual way by

Wij = QipQjqWpq, vp = Qnpˆvn,

and therefore

Wij = QipQjq

∂vp

∂xq

= QipQjq

∂xq

(Qnpˆvn) = QipQjq

ˆxm

(Qnpˆvn)ˆxm
∂xq

.

Thus by (6.24)4

Wij = QipQjq

3
m=1

1

hm

Qmq

ˆxm

(Qnpˆvn) .

Since QjqQmq = δmj, this simpliﬁes to

Wij = Qip

1

hj

ˆxj

(Qnpˆvn),

which, on expanding the terms in parentheses, yields

Wij = 1
hj

ˆvi
ˆxj

+ Qip

∂Qnp

ˆxj

ˆvn

.

However by (6.22)

Qip

∂Qnp

ˆxj

ˆvn = Qip

ˆxj

(ˆen·ep)ˆvn = ˆei·ˆen
ˆxj

ˆvn,

and so

Wij = 1
hj

ˆvi
ˆxj

+

ˆei·ˆen
ˆxj

ˆvn

,

(6.33)

in which the coeﬃcient in brackets is given by (6.29).

4

We explicitly use the summation sign in this equation (and elsewhere) when an index is repeated 3 or

more times, and we wish sum over it.

110

CHAPTER 6. ORTHOGONAL CURVILINEAR COORDINATES

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