STAAD.

Pro 2007

BRITISH EXAMPLES MANUAL
DAA037800-1/0001

A Bentley Solutions Center
www.reiworld.com
www.bentley.com/staad

STAAD.Pro 2007 is a suite of proprietary computer programs of Research Engineers, a
Bentley Solutions Center . Although every effort has been made to ensure the
correctness of these programs, REI will not accept responsibility for any mistake, error
or misrepresentation in or as a result of the usage of these programs.

Copyright attribution: ©2008, Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.
Trademark attribution: STAAD.Pro, STAAD.foundation, Section Wizard,
STAAD.Offshore and QSE are either registered or unregistered trademarks or
service marks of Bentley Systems, Incorporated or one of its direct or indirect
wholly-owned subsidiaries. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their
respective owners.
RELEASE 2007, Build 02
Published February, 2008

About STAAD.Pro
STAAD.Pro is a general purpose structural analysis and design program with
applications primarily in the building industry - commercial buildings, bridges and
highway structures, industrial structures, chemical plant structures, dams, retaining
walls, turbine foundations, culverts and other embedded structures, etc. The program
hence consists of the following facilit ies to enable this task.
1.

2.
3.

4.

5.

6.

Graphical model generation utilities as well as text editor based commands for
creating the mathematical model. Beam and column members are represented
using lines. Walls, slabs and panel type entities are represented using triang ular
and quadrilateral finite elements. Solid blocks are represented using brick
elements. These utilities allow the user to create the geometry, assign properties,
orient cross sections as desired, assign materials like steel, concrete, timber,
aluminum, specify supports, apply loads explicitly as well as have the program
generate loads, design parameters etc.
Analysis engines for performing linear elastic and pdelta analysis, finite element
analysis, frequency extraction, response spectrum and time histor y analysis.
Design engines for code checking and optimization of steel, aluminum and timber
members. Reinforcement calculations for concrete beams, columns, slabs and
shear walls. Design of shear and moment connections for steel members.
Result viewing, result verification and report generation tools for examining
displacement diagrams, bending moment and shear force diagrams, beam, plate
and solid stress contours, etc.
Peripheral tools for activities like import and export of data from and to other
widely accepted formats, links with other popular softwares for niche areas like
reinforced and prestressed concrete slab design, footing design, steel connection
design, etc.
A library of exposed functions called OpenSTAAD which allows users to access
STAAD.Pro’s internal functions and routines as well as its graphical commands to
tap into STAAD’s database and link input and output data to third -party software
written using languages like C, C++, VB, VBA, FORTRAN, Java, Delphi, etc.
Thus, OpenSTAAD allows users t o link in-house or third-party applications with
STAAD.Pro.

About the STAAD.Pro Documentation
The documentation for STAAD.Pro consists of a set of manuals as described below.
These manuals are normally provided only in the electronic format, with p erhaps some
exceptions such as the Getting Started Manual which may be supplied as a printed
book to first time and new-version buyers.
All the manuals can be accessed from the Help facilities of STAAD.Pro. Users who
wish to obtain a printed copy of the books may contact Research Engineers. REI also
supplies the manuals in the PDF format at no cost for those who wish to print them on
their own. See the back cover of this book for addresses and phone numbers.
Getting Started and Tutorials: This manual contains information on the contents of
the STAAD.Pro package, computer system requirements, installation process, copy
protection issues and a description on how to run the programs in the package.
Tutorials that provide detailed and step-by-step explanation on using the programs are
also provided.
Examples Manual: This book offers examples of various problems that can be solved
using the STAAD engine. The examples represent various structural analyses and
design problems commonly encountered by structural engineers.
Graphical Environment: This document contains a detailed description of the
Graphical User Interface (GUI) of STAAD.Pro. The topics covered include model
generation, structural analysis and design, result verification, and report generation.
Technical Reference Manual: This manual deals with the theory behind the
engineering calculations made by the STAAD engine. It also includes an explanation
of the commands available in the STAAD command file.
International Design Codes: This document contains information on the various
Concrete, Steel, and Aluminum design codes, of several countries, that are
implemented in STAAD.
The documentation for the STAAD.Pro Extension component(s) is available
separately.

i

Introduction
The tutorials in the Getting Started Manual mention 2 methods of
creating the STAAD input data.
a.

Using the facilities of the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
modelling mode
b. Using the editor which comes built into the STAAD program
Method (a) is explained in great detail in the various tutorials of
that manual.
The emphasis in this Examples manual is on creating the data
using method (b). A number of examples, representing a wide
variety of structural engineering problems, are presented. All the
input needed is explained line by line to facilitate the
understanding of the STAAD command language. These examples
also illustrate how the various commands in the program are to be
used together.
Although a user can prepare the input through the STAAD GUI, it
is quite useful to understand the language of the input for the
following reasons:
1) STAAD is a large and comprehensive structural engineering
software. Knowledge of the STAAD language can be very
useful in utilizing the large number of facilities available in
the program.
The Graphical User Interface can be used to generate the input
file for even the most complex of structures. However, the user
can easily make changes to the input data if he/she has a good
understanding of the command language and syntax of the
input.

ii

2) The input file represents the user's thought about what he/she
wants to analyze or design. With the knowledge of the STAAD
command language, the user or any other person can verify the
accuracy of the work.
The commands used in the input file are explained in Section 5 of
the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. Users are urged to refer
to that manual for a better understanding of the language.
The procedure for creating the file using the built-in editor is
explained further below in this section. Alternatively, any standard
text editor such as Notepad or WordPad may also be used to create
the command file. However, the STAAD.Pro command file editor
offers the advantage of syntax checking as we type the commands.
The STAAD.Pro keywords, numeric data, comments, etc. are
displayed in distinct colors in the STAAD.Pro editor. A typical editor
screen is shown below to illustrate its general appearance.

iii

To access the built-in editor, first start the program and follow the
steps explained in Sections 1.3 and 1.4 of the Getting Started manual.

You will then encounter the dialog box shown in the following
figure. In this dialog box, choose Open STAAD Editor.

. namely.std for example 8.std for example 1. examp01. You will find them in the folder location X:\spro2007\staad\examp\uk where “X:” is the drive. and so on. Delete all the command lines displayed in the editor window and type the lines shown in bold in the various examples in this book (You don’t have to delete the lines if you know which to keep and where to fill in the rest of the commands). For your convenience. The commands may be typed in upper or lower case letters.iv At this point. the editor screen will open as shown below. and “spro2007” is the name of the installation folder if you happened to go with the default during installation. examp08. The example files are named in accordance with the order they appear in this manual. the data for all the examples presented in this manual are supplied to you along with the program CD.

They too are installed along with the examples.v The second part of this book contains a set of verification problems which compares the analytical results from the program with standard publications on the subject. Then. go to the Edit menu. as shown below. and choose Edit Input Command File. click on the STAAD editor icon. or. To view their contents in the editor. open the file you are interested in. .

.vi A new window will open up with the data listed as shown here: To exit the Editor. select the File | Exit menu option of the editor window (not the File | Exit menu of the main window behind the editor window).

11 93 Example Problem No. 8 65 Example Problem No. 20 183 Example Problem No. 15 133 Example Problem No. 17 155 Example Problem No.Table of Contents Part – I Example Problems Example Problem No. 7 59 Example Problem No. 14 121 Example Problem No. 6 53 Example Problem No. 18 165 Example Problem No. 16 147 Example Problem No. 2 19 Example Problem No. 19 173 Example Problem No. 5 47 Example Problem No. 9 75 Example Problem No. 1 1 Example Problem No. 13 113 Example Problem No. 10 85 Example Problem No. 12 105 Example Problem No. 3 27 Example Problem No. 21 189 . 4 35 Example Problem No.

2 3 Verification Problem No. 28 263 Example Problem No. 10 23 Verification Problem No. 27 251 Example Problem No. 7 17 Verification Problem No. 29 281 Part – II Verification Problems Verification Problem No. 12 31 . 8 19 Verification Problem No.Example Problem No. 3 5 Verification Problem No. 23 209 Example Problem No. 22 199 Example Problem No. 4 9 Verification Problem No. 6 15 Verification Problem No. 24 221 Example Problem No. 9 21 Verification Problem No. 11 27 Verification Problem No. 5 11 Verification Problem No. 25 235 Example Problem No. 26 243 Example Problem No. 1 1 Verification Problem No.

PART – I APPLICATION EXAMPLES .

.

This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases. 2) Example problem No. Since member sizes change during the member selection. 6) Example problem No. 3) Example problem No. member selection is requested. 1 . After one analysis.This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. In this example. 6 .A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on a concrete footing. It covers two situations: 1) The prestressing effect is transmitted from the member on which it is applied to the rest of the structure through the connecting members (known in the program as PRESTRESS load).This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.Plane frame with steel design. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 3 .e. 4 . load/area of floor). different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases.A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. . 4) Example problem No. 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure (known in the program as POSTSTRESS load). Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example. another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results.Description of Example Problems 1) Example problem No. 5) Example problem No. 2 . 5 . This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces.

The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions. .A space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements. 9) Example problem No. as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. During this process.7) Example problem No. The connection eccentricity is modeled through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS. 11 . Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a P-Delta analysis. 11) Example problem No. 8 . 10) Example problem No. 9 . concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure.Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure. Offset connections arise when the center lines of the connected members do not intersect at the connection point. 8) Example problem No. 13) Example problem No. Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. The combined results are then used for steel design. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank. Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. 10 . Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. To avoid looking into a lot of output. 7 .Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example. The finite element part is used to model floor flat plates and a shear wall.A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements. 12 .This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. 13 . This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure. Design of an element is performed.This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET connections.In this example. 12) Example problem No.

A P-Delta analysis is performed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. 15) Example problem No. 19 . 14 . 21 . 18 . 19) Example problem No. The maxima of the joint displacements.14) Example problem No. 20 . 21) Example problem No. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports.Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 20) Example problem No.This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command. 17) Example problem No. The structure is subjected to "forcing function" and "ground motion" loading. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 18) Example problem No.A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element.The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame.A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads.This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. 16 .This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure using the cylindrical coordinate system. . 15 . 17 . 16) Example problem No. member end forces and support reactions are determined. and we examine those in this example.

28) Example problem No. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used.The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. 25) Example problem No. 24) Example problem No. 22 . 26 . Since the structural condition is load dependent. 26) Example problem No. 23 . . the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. The slab is subjected to various types of loading and analysis of the structure is performed.22) Example problem No. 28 . 27 .This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to automatically generated spring supports for a slab on grade. This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. 27) Example problem No. The structure consists of piers. 23) Example problem No.This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements.This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members. The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example. Time History analysis is performed on this model. the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case.This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge. 29) Example problem No.This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. 25 . Using the masterslave command. The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. 29 . 24 .A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal loading.Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example.

NOTES .

NOTES .

another analysis is done followed by final code checking to verify that the final sizes meet the requirements of the code based on the latest analysis results. 1 Plane frame with steel design.Example Problem 1 Example Problem No. Since member sizes change during the member selection. member selection is requested. After one analysis. 1 .

3 .2 Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.75 10.5 3 4 6 4 5 .3 2 6.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. 6 9 6 . 8 7 12 . 7 5 6 . 11 15 16 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3. 9 2. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . 16 4. The word ST stands for standard single section.5 13. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 4 TA ST UC356X368X129 .5 .3 .5 11.5 10.5 8 9 10. 4 3 6 5 6 6 .4 6 8. 3 0 6 . 7 0 10. 13 7. 1 Every input has to start with the word STAAD.5 11 4.Application Examples 2 Example Problem 1 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.2 3 7. 19 10 13 .4 14 3 12. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .5 11. 15 6 12.5 . 23 8 10 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 22 10 11 . Semicolon signs (.5 . Since this is a plane structure. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 15 9 14 . 12 1. 12 13 15 . 10 6. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used.25 10. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO. 16 11 14 . 2 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 6 7 TA ST UB533X210X82 .Part I . the Z coordinates need not be provided. 2 9 0 .4 . 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 8 TO 13 TA ST UB457X152X52 14 TO 23 TA ST UA100X100X8 Member properties are from the British steel table. .

ALL DEN 76. SUPPORT 1 FIXED . Length unit is changed from METER to MM to facilitate the input.e. This means that these members can carry only axial tension/compression and no moments. MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ Member 5 has local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. 3 .0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT METER The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). UNIT KN MMS CONSTANTS E 210. POISSON.Example Problem 1 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command defines that members 14 through 23 are of type truss. strong axis moment) at node 3. This means that the member cannot carry any moment-z (i. 2 PINNED A fixed support is located at joint 1 and a pinned support at joint 2. etc.977E-09 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. See section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual for the definition of the BETA angle. The BETA command specifies that members 3 and 4 are rotated by 90 degrees around their own longitudinal axis.

0 .Part I . CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY The above command at the end of load case 1. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.5 Load 1 contains member loads also. . FY indicates that the load is a force in the global Y direction.5 . JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65.0 . GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction. Loads are applied on members 6. Since global Y is vertically upward. is an instruction to perform a natural frequency calculation based on the Rayleigh method using the data in the above load case. 8 TO 10 UNI Y -15. Load 1 contains joint loads also. The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed.0 indicates that this load will act downwards. SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 11 FY -155. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 9.0 One of the components of load case 1 is the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction with a factor of -1. and 8 to 13.0. the factor of -1. 6 UNI GY -17. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13.Application Examples 4 Example Problem 1 PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory.

This also means that load case 2 will be made inactive.9 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters such as NSF. Also note that all the forces and reactions will be printed for load cases 1 and 3 only. The RATIO 5 .85 ALL BEAM 1 ALL KY 1. * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0. etc. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. KY.2 MEMB 3 4 RATIO 0. 3) with a title. The second line provides the load cases and their respective factors used for the load combination. PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above PRINT commands are self-explanatory. LOAD LIST 1 3 The above command activates load cases 1 and 3 only for the commands to follow.75 The above command identifies a combination load (case no. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH NSF 0. Information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained. Any line beginning with the * mark is treated as a comment line.Example Problem 1 Load case 2 is initiated and contains several member loads.75 2 0.

PARAMETER BEAM 1. it is not always practical to use many different sizes in one structure.0 ALL TRACK 1.9. The TRACK parameter tells the program to print out the design results to the intermediate level of descriptivity.Application Examples 6 Example Problem 1 parameter specifies that the ratio of actual loading over section capacity should not exceed 0. .0 ALL A new set of values are now provided for the above parameters. Hence. it is necessary to reanalyze the structure using the new properties to get new values of forces in the members. which in this case is the default and hence the AREA.0. SELECT ALL The above command instructs the program to select the most economic section for ALL the members based on the results of the analysis. the cross sections for members 1. is assigned to all members in the list. GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 TO 13 14 TO 23 Although the program selects the most economical section for all members.Part I . PERFORM ANALYSIS As a result of the selection and grouping. Hence. 3 and 4 are replaced with the one with the largest area from among the three.0 ALL RATIO 1. GROUPing is a procedure by which the cross section which has the largest value for the specified attribute. from among the associated member list. The actual load to member capacity RATIO has been redefined as 1. the member sizes are no longer the same as the ones used in the original analysis.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Example Problem 1 CHECK CODE ALL With the above command. STEEL TAKE OFF This command instructs the program to list the length and weight of all the different member sizes. the latest member sizes with the latest analysis results are checked to verify that they satisfy the CODE specifications. 7 .

9. 2 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 6 7 TA ST UB533X210X82 . 3 0 6 . 22 10 11 . 23 8 10 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 4 TA ST UC356X368X129 . 3. 9 12 14 10 14 16 .5 . 25.000 3. 28. 31. 1 UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 13. 29. 22. 10 6. 18. 14.Application Examples 8 Example Problem 1 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17. 33.3 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 8 9 10. 16.5 11 4. 16 11 14 . 7 0 10. 20.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 12. 2. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 15. 13 7. 13 8 13 14 9 12 .977E-09 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 2 9 0 . 8 7 12 . 12 13 15 . 27. 19. 9 2. PRINT MEMBER PROPERTY LIST 1 2 5 8 14 . 6 9 6 . 7.4 . 4 3 6 5 6 6 .00 0. 8 TO 13 TA ST UB457X152X52 14 TO 23 TA ST UA100X100X8 MEMB TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMB RELEASE 5 START MZ UNIT KN MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 2 3 7 .000 1. 8. 2 PINNED PRINT MEMBER INFORMATION LIST 1 5 14 MEMBER INFORMATION -----------------MEMBER 1 5 14 START JOINT END JOINT LENGTH (METE) BETA (DEG) 1 3 9 3 4 12 6.172 0. 26. 3 2 6 .5 . 21.75 10.5 11. Intl.Part I .3 . 20 7 9 21 9 11 .5 11. 6. 32. 11 15 16 . 15 9 14 .00 RELEASES 000001000000 TRUSS ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 34. 16 4. 15 6 12. 19 10 13 .5 13. 4 6 8 . 23. 24. 5.4 14 3 12.25 10. 7 5 6 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE PROBLEM NO.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 5 3 4 6 4 5 .5 . 30. ALL DEN 76. 11. 12 1.2 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 3 .5 10. 10. 4.

. 38.24 21. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00 65. 45.33 40250.61 21370.00 950. 42.07 2007.20 235. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.37 84.99 51.33 33.75 2 0.00 898. 37.NO. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13.00 116.65 3. 36.33 IY/ SZ 14610.73 57. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.10 21.55 IX/ SY 152.74 645. 46.0 . 8 TO 10 UNI Y -15.00 29.NO.72 66. 44. 48.90 60. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 49. 40. LOAD LIST 1 3 50.54 5.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.98 93. 47.85 105.18 15.52 192. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.00 49.62 306. 11 FY -155.36 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 35.60 34.61 792. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.5 CALCULATE RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT MEMBER LOAD 1 2 UNI GX 9.CM ----------------MEMB PROFILE 1 ST UC356X368X129 2 ST UC254X254X73 5 ST UB533X210X82 8 ST UB457X152X52 14 ST UA100X100X8 AX/ AY IZ/ AZ 164.Example Problem 1 MEMBER PROPERTIES.86 15.60 5.11 11410.07 47540. 41.00 50. 28 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 3.78 3908.54544 CM GLO X.NO.00 2263. UNIT . 43.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65.5 .0 * 1/3 RD INCREASE IS ACCOMPLISHED BY 75% LOAD LOAD COMB 3 75 PERCENT DL LL WL 1 0. 6 UNI GY -17. 39.00 36. PRINT MEMBER FORCES 9 .00 1799.48726 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 2.

00 0.18 59.82 -137.23 45.00 0.00 241.69 -45.69 0.42 8 13 8 13 185.78 7.80 202.00 -22.00 0.69 -45.00 0.00 0.70 -24.36 -147.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 2.00 0.13 128.00 0.69 -45.00 0.00 -202.73 133.64 -46.17 179.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 22.04 -5.00 0.96 -95.00 0.77 -88.79 244.43 -22.21 48.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 10 Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 30.57 -61.97 168.78 7.43 46.00 0.54 -238.51 -5.00 0.00 0.00 -26.00 0.00 0.75 26.00 0.54 0.13 -43.17 30.00 0.00 0.69 0.00 0.99 38.00 0.99 0.00 0.64 160.80 0.00 0.23 112.15 -81.00 -241.17 75.00 0.43 0.00 0.43 -167.09 -15.KN MEMBER 1 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 3 1 3 239.13 -187.15 14 16 14 16 188.00 0.00 0.00 -76.00 75.00 0.00 0.07 -57.66 99.23 81.00 -72.37 -11.00 0.00 0.32 0.00 0.19 112.00 0.54 0.00 -27.00 0.28 7 12 7 12 167.00 0.00 0.56 -45.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 -79.00 0.78 85.00 6 8 6 8 142.97 0.00 94.23 14.26 43.72 40.73 2 6 2 6 258.00 0.36 -250.00 0.00 0.39 45.54 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 -88.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -70.00 46.00 0.32 88.00 0.00 0.73 31.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.58 -234.62 0.00 0.91 15 16 15 16 188.04 -99.00 0.00 0.00 132.00 0.67 154.00 30.00 0.00 0.69 14.18 12 14 12 14 168.78 -15.00 0.00 0.07 -167.00 0.00 0.68 70.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 14.00 0.00 0.97 5.00 0.68 57.54 107.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 0.66 118.74 -182.69 15.00 3 4 3 4 -14.00 0.00 0.00 71.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 -31.99 -7.69 -54.85 -126.96 -99.63 0.00 -7.15 -122.15 133.86 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.61 -70.23 -105.23 45.56 -118.69 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.28 123.57 -132.39 40.00 0.00 0.14 141.00 0.06 -75.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -33.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 334.13 140.00 -75.00 0.67 4 5 4 5 -14.00 0.00 0.58 5 6 5 6 -14.66 -137.38 -11.47 -0.10 -187.00 0.69 0.61 -160.00 0.92 60.67 54.07 27.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 -57.00 0.38 97.91 13 15 13 15 182.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 173.02 -172.00 0.51 88.00 0.73 76.57 -117.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.23 45.67 -173.00 0.00 0.70 34.00 0.74 -232.81 36.13 33.00 0.47 22.20 0.47 -60.13 -184.00 0.00 0.51 57.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 -81.63 -59.37 3 7 3 7 150.72 -20.68 1 1 3 4 1 3 5 1 3 6 1 3 7 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 3 10 1 3 11 1 3 12 1 3 13 (LOCAL ) 1 3 3 METE LOAD 3 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE 1 3 .17 11.00 0.97 -167.12 -153.80 0.

00 0.13 6.14 0.72 107.10 0.00 10 15 10 15 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 1 MEMBER END FORCES ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.78 -15.00 0.22 85.00 0.65 66.00 9 14 9 14 4.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 11 .00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.28 0.59 10.03 0.00 0.97 -66.12 25.00 0.81 26.21 111.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 -72.00 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.87 -29.60 107.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 239.00 0.00 0.00 10 13 10 13 12.00 0.44 95.88 -107.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 1 1 3 17 1 3 18 1 3 19 1 3 20 1 3 21 1 3 22 1 3 23 (LOCAL ) JT 3 16 METE LOAD 3 15 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE 1 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 29.76 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 14 11 14 -107.22 -95.00 0.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 25.54 -25.00 0.00 0.78 -85.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 9 11 9 11 -90.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 7 9 7 9 -85.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 -7.00 0.03 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.67 94.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 258.25 99.97 90.00 0.75 334.00 0.14 0.00 0.05 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 8 10 8 10 -111.51 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 44.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.74 179.21 5.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.07 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT 1 2 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 7.10 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 -25.05 0.00 10 11 10 11 -99.00 0.00 0.35 0.10 0.00 0.14 0.21 -32.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.85 0.00 0.10 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 15 11 15 -94.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.07 0.82 -43.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 -12.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 32.14 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 0.00 0.KN MEMBER 14 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 9 12 9 12 -6.00 0.14 0.00 0.60 -26.00 0.00 0.10 0.36 244.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.

00 0. 58.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .07 0.6 (T) 0.00 BS-4.6 0.36 C 3 ST UC305X305X97 PASS 244.774 0.00 ANNEX I.69 T 6 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 14.6 (T) 0.69 T 7 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 45. 53.63 0.00 0.865 0.857 0.60 C 19 ST UA40X40X3 PASS 12.3.13 ANNEX I.00 BS-4.00 1 0.00 BS-4.00 1 1 1 1.3.642 76.1 0.3.3.6 0.799 0.04 0.00 1 3 3 1 3.00 0.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .25 T 23 ST UA65X50X5 PASS 111.00 BS-4.770 334.00 BS-4.2 MEMB 3 RATIO 0.6 0.56 C 14 ST UA50X50X4 PASS 29.875 247.34 3 0.00 1 0.00 BS-4.00 ANNEX I.583 99.1 0.43 C 10 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 188.00 3 0.888 0.97 0.75 1 3 0.66 C 5 ST UB406X178X67 PASS 14.82 T 17 ST UA45X45X6 PASS 107.54 C 4 ST UC305X305X97 PASS 141.23 T 8 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 167. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH NSF 0.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 59.34 3 2.6 (T) 0.1 94.855 241.32 C 20 ST UA40X40X6 PASS 95.754 0.6 (T) 0.44 0.00 0.1 0. 55.6 (T) 0.6 0.6 0.76 C 16 ST UA45X45X6 PASS 107.7 (C) 0.784 133.00 1 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 0.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC305X305X118 PASS 179.97 C 9 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 168. 56.9 ALL SELECT ALL 4 STAAD.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 1 0.00 BS-4.75 3 3.97 T 22 ST UA50X50X5 PASS 99.721 75.00 BS-4.21 T BS-4.85 ALL BEAM 1 ALL KY 1.00 0.816 0.63 0.44 T 21 ST UA45X45X5 PASS 90.15 BS-4.829 234.51 0.1 140.67 C 2 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 150.887 0. 57.88 T 18 ST UA60X60X5 PASS 26.7 (C) 0.781 0.00 BS-4.00 ANNEX I.6 0.00 BS-4.13 C 11 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 188.6 0.00 BS-4.74 C 13 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 118.00 BS-4.7 (C) 0.10 C 12 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 182.00 1 2.00 .00 BS-4.3.Application Examples 12 Example Problem 1 52.888 0.07 0.00 ANNEX I.00 0.1 0.3.00 ANNEX I.Part I .80 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.583 99.00 0.632 75.00 1 0.637 0.00 1 0.00 0.87 C 15 ST UA40X40X3 PASS 4.7 (C) 0. GROUP MEMB 1 3 4 3 0.00 BS-4.3.882 0.28 0.625 75.75 1 1. 54.00 BS-4.00 0.96 0.

00.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC305X305X118 PASS BS-4.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 1 UNIT .7 PV= 600.3 PC= 2042.7 PV= 600..0 ALL TRACK 1.93129 CM GLO X..10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .00.496 3 240. GROUP MEMB 8 TO 13 7 (ST UB406X178X67 ) LIST= 5.00 FX/PZ = 0..1 0. AT JOINT 7 * * * ********************************************************** 64.6 0.00.9 PT= 0.85 0..0 ALL CHECK CODE ALL STAAD. 28 ********************************************************** * * * RAYLEIGH FREQUENCY FOR LOADING 1 = 2. mx = 1.7 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 3 ST UC305X305X118 PASS ANNEX I.0 MB= 434..06 MRZ= 514.3.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518. PARAMETER BEAM 1.9 MCY= 234.09 MRZ= 133.NO.00.00 | | PZ= 3975.7 PT= 0..Example Problem 1 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 60.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 | | PZ= 1614.00.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 13 .7 PV= 241.kN. 66.. GROUP MEMB 14 TO 23 13 (ST UB406X140X39 ) LIST= 8.. mx = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 3 UNIT . myx = 1.0 ALL RATIO 1.0 MB= 105.680 1 147.00 | | PZ= 3975.5 PT= 0.04 MRZ= 516..00.00. mx = 1.3 PC= 2455.00 FX/PZ = 0. GROUP MEMB 5 6 1 (ST UC305X305X118 ) LIST= 1. myx = 1. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 62.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518. 68.kN. PERFORM ANALYSIS 18 (ST UA60X60X5 ) LIST= 14.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.m SECTION CLASS 2 | |MCZ= 136.7 MCY= 62.4 MRY= 234.kN.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 2 ST UC203X203X46 PASS ANNEX I.7 PC= 869.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2..809 3 178.18 C 91.0 MB= 434. 67. myx = 1.52812 CPS * * MAX DEFLECTION = 4..97 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 2 UNIT . 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. ** ALL CASES BEING MADE ACTIVE BEFORE RE-ANALYSIS. my = 1.NO. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN. GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 63. ** ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN. my = 1.00 351.21 C 0. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.1 0.00. 7 GROUPING BASED ON MEMBER 61.Pro CODE CHECKING . my = 1.3 MRY= 234.9 MRY= 62.9 MCY= 234.25 FX/PZ = 0.66 0..64 C 0.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1. 65.00 70.NO.

4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 | | PZ= 1366.00 | | PZ= 1366. myx = 1. mx = 1.00. myx = 1.75 FX/PZ = 0.6 MB= 282.00.00.2 MCY= 63.0 MB= 170. mx = 1. mx = 1.855 1 14.3.3.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.10 3.6 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 8 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.04 FX/PZ = 0. mx = 1.00.9 PV= 420. my = 1. myx = 1.1 MCY= 23.3 PT= 0.6 0.452 1 164.1 MCY= 23.03 MRZ= 370.9 PC= 1092.84 C 137.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 7 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 5 UNIT .75 FX/PZ = 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 9 UNIT .58 C 0.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 4 ST UC305X305X118 PASS ANNEX I.565 1 186.Application Examples 14 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .2 MCY= 63.kN.kN.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 11 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.0 MB= 170.36 T 0.839 1 14.12 MRZ= 195.72 FX/PZ = 0.3 PT= 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 518.3.3.64 1.00.00.75 FX/PZ = 0.9 PC= 1092.6 0.00. mx = 1.64 1.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 11 UNIT . my = 1.21 T 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.0 MB= 170. myx = 1.7 PV= 594. my = 1.3 PC= 2673.6 0.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.41 C 0.00 77.0 PT= 0.32 1.9 PV= 420.kN.6 0. mx = 1.00. myx = 1.2 MRY= 23.7 PV= 594.kN.6 PT= 1998.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| .68 FX/PZ = 0.00 | | PZ= 17681.00 | | PZ= 78652.1| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 9 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.00 229.00 | | PZ= 1366.00.00 70.03 MRZ= 517.0 PC= 52889.97 0.00.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.6 0.00.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.12 MRZ= 195.3.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 6 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4.00.2 MRY= 23.kN.2 MCY= 63.3 PT= 0.1 MRY= 63.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 8 UNIT .00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 4 UNIT . myx = 1.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.3.00.0 PT= 1998.9 PV= 420.9 PV= 420.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 10 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.3 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 5 ST UB406X178X67 PASS BS-4. myx = 1.03 MRZ= 369. my = 1.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 10 UNIT .3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.7 PV= 594.77 0.00 237.9 PC= 1092.1 MCY= 23.Part I .kN.21 T 0.6 0.00.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199. my = 1.00.00 | | PZ= 3975.38 3.00.03 MRZ= 370.00.00.3.00 | | PZ=349861. my = 1.00 96.75 FX/PZ = 0. my = 1.00.1 MRY= 63.565 1 186.415 1 163.812 3 44.kN.9 PC= 1092.4 PT= 1998.73 C 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.00 96.1 MCY= 23.0 MB= 170.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.6 MB= 282.3 PT= 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.4 MRY= 234.kN.00.71 C 0.00. mx = 1.00.72 0.9 MCY= 234.2 MRY= 23.00 241.00 | | PZ= 1366.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 370.3 PV= 600. myx = 1.00 FX/PZ = 0.75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 6 UNIT .1 0. mx = 1.14 MRZ= 194.3 MRY= 23.6 MB= 282.634 3 138.0 MB= 483.14 MRZ= 194.0 PC=235263.4| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.00.0 PC= 11890.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 7 UNIT .9 MRY= 63. my = 1.

00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 14 UNIT .75 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 12 UNIT .7 (C) 0.00 | | PZ= 162.34 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 17 UNIT .m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.00 0.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.677 3 23.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.9 PC= 1092. my = 1.0 PC= 74.0 MRY= 0.6 (T) 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 13 UNIT .0 MCY= 0.0 MRY= 0.17 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 19 UNIT . mx = 1.05 MRZ= 0.0 PC= 74.772 1 106.00.00 | | PZ= 1366.65 0.1 MB= 1.0 MCY= 0.00.00.00 | | PZ= 162.00.1 MCY= 23.05 MRZ= 0.00.4 PV= 29.17 MRZ= 0.00 2.6 0.kN.00.00 0. myx = 1.0 PC= 152.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 12 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.213 1 7.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.4 PT= 138. my = 1.52 FX/PZ = 0.00.00 0. myx = 1. my = 1. mx = 1.3 PT= 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 77.00.95 FX/PZ = 0.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.7 PV= 29. my = 1.0 MCY= 0.00.204 3 28.0 PC= 34.52 FX/PZ = 0.755 3 104.00.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 MCY= 0.3 PT= 0.6 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 18 UNIT .kN.1 MRY= 23.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0. mx = 1.00.10 C 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.254 3 18.kN.96 C 0.6 (T) 0. myx = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 19 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.kN.764 3 120.00.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 18 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 15 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.3 PT= 138. mx = 1.83 FX/PZ = 0.0 MRY= 0.28 C 0. myx = 1.kN. myx = 1.9 PV= 420.7 PV= 29.12 T 0.0 PC= 680. my = 1.Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .8 PV= 29.4 PT= 138.00 | | PZ= 722.3| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 0. myx = 1.25 T 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00.00 0.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 MCY= 0.00.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 13 ST UB406X140X39 PASS BS-4.kN. myx = 1.7 MRY= 23.4 PV= 29.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 15 .7 (C) 0.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 15 UNIT .3.05 MRZ= 0.9 PT= 138.00.8 PT= 138.3.32 C 0.00 0.0 MB= 170.00. mx = 1.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.00.00 0. mx = 1.1 MB= 1.00 | | PZ= 1366.12 MRZ= 0.00.00.66 T 0.00.1 MB= 1.13 MRZ= 194.1 MCY= 23.0 MRY= 0.7 (C) 0. my = 1.m SECTION CLASS 1 | |MCZ= 199.9 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 14 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.9 PC= 1092.00.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.kN.00 2.1 MB= 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 17 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.0 MRY= 0.00 | | PZ= 3215.00 | | PZ= 162. mx = 1.0 PC= 34. myx = 1.09 MRZ= 197.34 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 16 UNIT .455 1 175. my = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 16 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.4 PV= 29.52 FX/PZ = 0.00 0.0 MB= 170.00.52 FX/PZ = 0.00 0.00 130.00.00. my = 1.kN.75 FX/PZ = 0.9 PV= 420.1 MB= 1.75 FX/PZ = 0.14 MRZ= 0.44 C 0. mx = 1.6 (T) 0.0 MRY= 0.1 MB= 1.0 MCY= 0.00 1.83 1.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 | | PZ= 162.8 PT= 138.

kN.0 MCY= 0.0 PC= 1479.00.00 0.00.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.00 0. mx = 1. STEEL TAKE OFF STEEL TAKE-OFF -------------PROFILE ST ST ST ST ST UC305X305X118 UC203X203X46 UB406X178X67 UB406X140X39 UA60X60X5 LENGTH(METE) WEIGHT(KN ) 16.6 (T) 0.50 9. my = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 22 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.0 MRY= 0.1 MB= 1.0 MRY= 0.033 5. my = 1.00 0.00 0.5 PV= 29.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.052 2.587 3 81.00 0.93 19.kN.17 T 0.1 MB= 1.00 | | PZ= 3215. my = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 21 UNIT . mx = 1.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 21 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.5 PT= 138.33 T 0.17 MRZ= 0.0 MRY= 0.0 MCY= 0.00.00.KN METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 20 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4. myx = 1.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 23 UNIT . myx = 1.6 PT= 138.kN.00 | | PZ= 162. mx = 1.95 FX/PZ = 0.6 PT= 138.Part I .0 PC= 26.00. myx = 1.1 MB= 1.17 MRZ= 0.00.17 MRZ= 0.00 | | PZ= 14304.00 0.52 FX/PZ = 0.00.00 10.00 | | PZ= 722.00.Application Examples 16 Example Problem 1 ALL UNITS ARE .1 MB= 1.697 1 96.3 PV= 29.731 1 100.83 FX/PZ = 0.6 (T) 0.10 T 0.00 0.00.0 MCY= 0.72 FX/PZ = 0.62 MRZ= 0. mx = 1.00. my = 1.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| 23 ST UA60X60X5 PASS BS-4.00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 20 UNIT .00 |---------------------------------------------------------------------| | CALCULATED CAPACITIES FOR MEMB 22 UNIT .7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.50 4.6 (T) 0.6 (T) 0.8 PT= 138.kN.0 PC= 6581.00.5 PV= 29.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.931 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ .923 4.0 MCY= 0.m SECTION CLASS 4 | |MCZ= 0.645 1 89.0 PC= 332.015 0.93 T 0. myx = 1.907 ---------------TOTAL = 31.4 PV= 29.0 MRY= 0.00.00 0.0 | |---------------------------------------------------------------------| ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 69.7| | BUCKLING CO-EFFICIENTS mLT = 1.50 19.

com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * * * North America support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ 17 .Pro.co.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Example Problem 1 70.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.

Part I .Application Examples 18 Example Problem 1 NOTES .

the magnitude and direction of the load at the applicable joints and members is directly known from the input. However. 19 . The calculations required to perform this conversion are done only during the analysis. Consequently. the loads generated from the AREA LOAD command can be viewed only after the analysis is completed. In the case of loads such as joint loads and member loads. load/area of floor). the area load is a different sort of load where a load intensity on the given area has to be converted to joint and member loads.Example Problem 2 Example Problem No. 2 A floor structure (bound by global X-Z axis) made up of steel beams is subjected to area load (i. Load generation based on one-way distribution is illustrated in this example.e.

5 0 3 8 3 0 3 .5 15 3. Semicolon signs (. 14 1.5 . 10 4. 11 5 0 3 12 6 0 3 . in this case zero. 18 0 0 8. the Y coordinates are all the same. 17 6 0 7.5 . 25 19 21 26 17 19 .5 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD.5 0.Part I . 16 18 20 . 9 4 0 3 .e. 13 0 0 7. 10 13 14 13 .) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. UNIT METER KNS Defines the UNITs. 5 7 8 9 .5 19 6 0 8.5 0 7. 7 1. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 21 6 0 10. 20 0 0 10. 24 4 10 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 5 6 0 0 . 23 11 16 . Since this is a floor structure. 2. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the structure is in the x – z plane. 20 2 7 . 28 5 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Joints between 1 and 5 (i.5 Joint number followed by X. 3.5 0 3 .5 . 14 18 19 15 20 21 .Application Examples 20 Example Problem 2 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. . 17 13 18 .5 16 5 0 7. 4) are generated in the first line of input taking advantage of the equal spacing between the joints (see section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). 7. 21 9 15 22 3 8 .5 . 27 12 17 . Y and Z coordinates are provided above.

AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -14. Any line beginning with * mark is treated as a comment line.mm. The second set of members have MZ released at the end joints. 21 . The built-in default for Poisson’s value for steel is used during the analysis. The program converts area loads into individual member loads.m.Example Problem 2 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 28 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 Member properties are specified from the British steel table.5 KN/sq. UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED A fixed support has been specified at the above joints. LOADING 1 14.e. DL+LL Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. UNIT MMS CONSTANT E 210.m.5 KN/sq.0 KN/sq. E has been assigned as 210. * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ The first set of members (1 5 10 etc) have local moment-z (MZ) released at the start joint. etc. The word ST stands for standard single section. POISSON.5 All the 28 members are subjected to an Area load of 14. This means that these members cannot carry any moment-z (i. strong axis moment) at the start joint. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity).

The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length. FINISH The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 The above command instructs the program to select the most economical section from the British steel table for the members listed. DMAX and DMIN specify maximum and minimum depth limitations to be used during member selection.3 ALL UNL 0.Application Examples 22 Example Problem 2 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. UNL stands for unsupported length of the compression flange to be used for calculation of bending capacity. . PARAMETERS CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 0.6 ALL DMIN 0. The PRINT LOAD DATA command is specified to obtain a listing of the member loads which were generated from the AREA LOAD.Part I .3 ALL The PARAMETER command is used to specify steel design parameters (see the manual where code specification information is provided).

17. 5.5 . 32. 27 12 17 . 2.5 . 28 5 12 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 28 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 * MEMBERS WITH PINNED ENDS ARE RELEASED FOR MZ MEMB RELEASE 1 5 10 14 15 18 17 28 26 20 TO 24 START MZ 4 9 13 14 15 18 16 27 25 19 21 TO 24 END MZ UNIT MMS CONSTANT E 210. 7 1. 23. 22. 13.5 . 14. 20. 9 4 0 3 . 20 2 7 .5 .5 0. 25 19 21 26 17 19 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 42 23 .5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 . 10 4. 13 0 0 7. 10. 17 6 0 7. 12. 5 7 8 9 .5 19 6 0 8. 18.5 0 3 . STAAD FLOOR A FLOOR FRAME DESIGN WITH AREA LOAD UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 5 6 0 0 . 28. 27. 23 11 16 . 7. 21 9 15 22 3 8 .5 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 20/ 28/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 3. 24. 10 13 14 13 .5 16 5 0 7. 7. 6. 4. 17 13 18 . ALL POISSON STEEL ALL UNIT METER SUPPORT 1 5 13 17 20 21 FIXED LOADING 1 14. 16. 31. 14 18 19 15 20 21 . DL+LL AREA LOAD 1 TO 28 ALOAD -14. 11 5 0 3 12 6 0 3 .5 15 3. 29. 24 4 10 .5 0 7. 9.5 0 3 8 3 0 3 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 19. 26. 30.M. 16 18 20 . 8. Intl. 18 1 13 19 7 14 . 25. 14 1. 11.Example Problem 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 18 0 0 8. 21. 20 0 0 10. 15.5 KN/SQ. 21 6 0 10.

00 1 1.00 1 1. DL+LL ----------MEMBER LOAD .UNIT KNS METE MEMBER 10 11 12 13 14 15 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 27 28 UDL -7.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .00 1.00 18 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.3.00 BS-4.884 215.00 1 0.887 132.02 0.000 -25.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 2 ST UB406X140X39 PASS 0.919 224.00 1 3.8750 GY 0.53 3.00 6.47 0. 35.00 4.3750 GY -21.6 0.00 0. PARAMETERS CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL DMAX 0.00 BS-4.00 4.00 0.00 BS-4.6 0.00 14 ST UB305X102X28 PASS 0.3.00 0.00 3.3.00 3.00 BS-4.6 0.Application Examples 24 Example Problem 2 LOADING 1 14.50 0.00 6.00 24 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.00 0.5000 -10.6 ALL DMIN 0.00 1.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .87 0.915 182.694 65.2500 GY -10.00 0.00 BS-4.00 BS-4.3 ALL UNL 0.00 0.7500 GY 0.7500 -14.85 0.2500 -7.813 76.691 65.20 0.00 BS-4.260 24.962 290.00 0. 37.25 1 1.6 0.00 BS-4.00 BS-4.2500 -7.00 27 ST UB406X140X46 PASS 0.00 0.41 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 1 0.6 0.00 L LIN1 LIN2 -29.25 0.29 0.00 6 ST UB356X127X33 PASS 0.6 0.7500 GY -7. 38.00 21 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.125 GY ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 33.3.00 BS-4.33 1 3.50 2.2500 -3.00 1 3.439 41. 34.46 0.6 0.07 0.00 11 ST UB406X140X46 PASS 0.500 -18.00 0.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.6 0.6250 -21.3.375 GY -14.3.00 23 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0. 39.6 0.00 1 2.00 BS-4.3.00 0.5 KN/SQ.3.3 ALL SELECT MEMB 2 6 11 14 15 16 18 19 21 23 24 27 STAAD.463 43.00 0.8750 L1 L2 CON GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 15 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.3.7500 GY -25.00 19 ST UB457X152X52 PASS 0.M.26 1 2.Part I .50 1 0.50 1.39 0.6 0.50 3.50 -21.00 -21.3.6 0.00 . 36.3.3.00 7.6 0.883 97.00 BS-4.75 1 0.00 16 ST UB305X102X25 PASS 0.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro.co. FROM THE UPPER MENU. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY.com * * * * North America support@bentley.Example Problem 2 40.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ 25 . MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD. UPDATE PROPERTIES.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. THEN FILE SAVE. PRESS RESULTS.co. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.co. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.com * * Europe support@bentley.

Application Examples 26 Example Problem 2 NOTES .Part I .

67 = 30000 KN/m 2.4 x 0. 10 & 14 = Spring of joints 2. 11.6 x 41666.4 x 0.67 = 60000 KN/m 27 . NOTE: 1) All dimensions are in meters. Value of soil subgrade reaction is known from which spring constants are calculated by multiplying the subgrade reaction by the tributary area of each modeled spring. 2) Soil Subgrade Reaction – 41666.3 x 41666. 12 & 13 = 2. 4. 5.67 KN/m 3 Spring constant calculation Spring of joints 1. The soil is to be considered as an elastic foundation. 3.Example Problem 3 Example Problem No. 3 A portal frame type steel structure is sitting on concrete footings.

STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION Eve ry input has to st art with the word STAAD. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . Since this is a plane structure.2 3.0 8 7. Semicolon signs (.0 0.0 .0 0.0 5 2.2 6. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.2 6. 7 1.Application Examples 28 Example Problem 3 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.0 0. Y and Z coordinates are provid ed above. 8 6 9 9 8 9 .0 0.0 .0 0. 9 7.2 3.40 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0.4 0.) are used as line separators to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. .0 0. The pro gram will calculate the properties necessary to do the analysis.30 ZD 2.4 0. 10 9 12 11 10 11 14 Def ines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 Joint number followed by X.60 ZD 2.0 14 8.0 10 6. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geo metry is defined through X and Y axes.0 0.0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 . MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0. the Z coordinates are given as all zeros.0 0.0 0.Part I .40 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203 7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40 Firs t t wo lines define member properties as PRIS (prismatic) for whi ch YD (depth) and ZD (wi dth) values are provided.0 6 1.

mm.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity).) E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10 E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 76. UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.) AND FOR * CONCRETE 21 (KN/sq. 29 . The first set of joints are supports restrained in all directions except MZ (which is global moment-z). Density and Poisson’s ratio. SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30 The supports for the structure are specified above.mm. a spring having a spring constant of 60 KN/mm is provided in the global Y direction at these nodes. The word ST stands for standard single section. Also.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 23.0 factor. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to facilitate the input.Example Problem 3 Me m ber properties for the remaining members are chosen from the British steel table. SELF Y -1. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS * E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/sq.0 The selfweight of the structure is specified as acting in the global Y direction with a -1. The second set is similar to the former except for a different value of the spring constant. Any line beginning with an * mark is treated as a comment line.

JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 20. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above PRINT command instructs the program to print analysis results which include joint displacements. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. . and is applied on members 7 and 8. member forces and support reactions. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction.0 Load 1 contains joint loads also.0 factor indicates that this load will act downwards. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -45. the -1. acting downwards.Application Examples 30 Example Problem 3 Since global Y is vertically upwards.Part I .0 Load 1 contains member loads also. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction.

PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS 1.0 0. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 9 7.0 0. 32.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 14/ 14/ 10 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 40. 11. 35. 7 1.30 ZD 2.4 0.0 MEMBER LOAD 7 8 UNI GY -45.534E-09 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 POISSON STEEL MEMB 5 TO 10 SUPPORTS 2 TO 4 11 TO 13 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 60 1 5 10 14 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 30 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND WIND LOAD COMBINED SELF Y -1. 4. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 12. 19.0 0. 25.Example Problem 3 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 39.0 0. 20.0 .2 6. 14.) E 210 MEMB 5 TO 10 E 21 MEMB 1 TO 4 11 TO 14 DEN 76.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. STAAD PLANE PORTAL ON FOOTING FOUNDATION UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.0 5 2. 34. 38.MM. 9.0 0.40 2 3 12 13 PRIS YD 0. Intl.2 3. 18.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 4 5 3 6 .60 ZD 2. 8.0 0. 22.) AND FOR * CONCRETE 21 (KN/SQ. 13.4 0.0 10 6. 10 9 12 11 10 11 14 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 4 11 14 PRIS YD 0. 28. 5.0 8 7. 8 6 9 9 8 9 . 30. 2. 31. 26. 29. 17.0 0.0 6 1. 21. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32 31 .0 0. 24. 33. 3. 23.0 .MM. 6.977E-09 MEMB 5 TO 10 DEN 23.2 3. 16.0 JOINT LOAD 6 7 FX 20. 15. 7.40 5 6 9 10 TABLE ST JO254X203 7 8 TA ST UB305X165X40 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS * E FOR STEEL IS 210 (KN/SQ.2 6. 27.0 14 8. 36. 37.0 0. 10.

00 -16.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 24.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 0.00 0.96 72.0003 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.40 9 1 8 9 142.0712 1.35 40.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.74 -76.1531 -0.0005 -0.55 32.00 0.00 0.00 0.1969 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.0000 0.1466 -0.68 -156.1075 -0.63 24.0004 -0.0000 0.30 67.0000 0.00 0.30 2 1 2 3 0.00 0.59 -96.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 0.0000 0.74 129.00 0.00 5 1 3 6 261.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.74 56.0000 0.00 -24.67 -56.0000 0.65 36.00 0.00 0.5240 0.00 0.1720 -0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.00 0.1232 -0.00 0.72 8 1 6 9 -36.00 -73.0000 0.95 82.74 -76.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.58 90.65 126.00 0.0000 0.0032 -0.50 10 1 9 12 290.00 0.25 -22.09 0.0000 0.00 0.90 59.00 0.00 0.1367 -0.80 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 3 4 11 12 13 1 5 10 14 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0001 -0.00 0.00 0.00 135.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.Part I .09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.03 -75.00 0.5036 1.00 73.0000 0.09 6 1 6 7 132.0000 0.75 45.06 0.00 0.0000 0.66 -0.00 0.00 16.00 0.38 123.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0002 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0003 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.08 0.00 0.1504 -0.00 0.1210 -0.0897 -0.00 0.0045 0.67 142.74 0.00 -35.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0022 -0.00 96.00 0.09 -40.0000 0.00 96.00 0.0000 0.25 105.00 32.1902 -0.0000 0.01 87.00 0.0000 0.12 76.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 145.70 -145.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 32 Example Problem 3 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0005 -0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.74 0.0000 0.50 0.70 0.0005 -0.2097 -0.0002 -0.00 0.00 0.1759 -0.00 -40.08 -258.63 -135.00 0.0000 0.09 0.00 0.1898 -0.90 58.82 3 1 3 4 0.00 -92.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 4 1 4 5 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 61.0000 0.93 -293.0000 0.0000 0.72 94.00 98.0000 0.0003 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.25 45.00 0.63 7 1 7 8 76.0000 0.00 0.00 -103.69 0.0002 -0.10 -129.81 -25.00 0.38 .0000 -0.00 0.92 26.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS -0.00 0.0285 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.09 0.00 0.

KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 11 1 10 11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 -13.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.39 0.73 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.12 154.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.90 59.09 60.00 0.00 0.90 -16.00 -118.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ 33 .co.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.96 32.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.45 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 26.00 0.09 12 1 11 12 0.Pro.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.39 14 1 13 14 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 41.00 0.32 -68.00 0.00 0.00 89.00 13.00 0.06 0.00 0.58 13 1 12 13 0.00 -48.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 -32. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.99 0.00 -134.00 0.Example Problem 3 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.

Part I .Application Examples 34 Example Problem 3 NOTES .

Example Problem 4 Example Problem No. This is done to prevent these members from carrying any compressive forces. 35 . different bracing members are made inactive for different load cases. In this example. 4 This example is a typical case of a load-dependent structure where the structural condition changes for different load cases.

0. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 10 2 4 . the Z coordinates are given as all zeros. 0.Application Examples 36 Example Problem 4 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING Every input has to start with the word STAAD. it is necessary to have 2 commands. 4. 9. To accommodate these requirements. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 8 12. Also. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. to facilitate specification of multiple sets of data on one line. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 12. 3 5 7 .Part I . 0. 7 6. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. Semicolon signs (.5 0. 9. 14 5 8 . 4 0 4.) are used as line separators. 11 3 5 . 4 3 6 . 9 1 5 . Joint number followed by X. . 0. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). Consequently. 5 6 8 .5 0 6 12. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 . UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. Since this is a plane structure.

Example Problem 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. This means these members can only carry axial tension/compression and no moments. UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. Poisson’s ratio. The word LD stands for long leg back-to-back double angle. 37 . it is assumed to be 0. The word ST stands for standard single section. 2 and 3. SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED PINNED supports are specified at Joints 1. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). etc. MEMBER PROP BRITISH 1 TO 5 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 6 7 8 TA ST UB457X152X52 9 TO 14 TA LD UA150X150X10 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 The above command defines that members 9 through 14 are of type truss. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS.0. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 The above command makes the listed members inactive. Since the spacing between the two angles of the double angle is not provided. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be considered in the analysis till they are made active again. The word PINNED signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports.

The stiffness contribution from these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. The load is applied on members 6.Application Examples 38 Example Problem 4 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. 7 and 8.Part I . In other words. LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title.5 7 UNI GY -6. The length UNIT is changed from MMS to METER for input values which follow.75 Load 1 contains member loads. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -4. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case. CHANGES The members inactivated earlier are restored using the CHANGE command. for dead and live load. GY indicates that the load acts in the global Y direction. JOINT LOAD 4 FX 135 . 7 FX 65 . INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 A new set of members are made inactive. the bracings are not used to carry any load. It is worth noting that members 9 TO 14 will not be used in this analysis since they were declared inactive earlier.

75 3 0. The stiffness contribution of these members will not be used in the analysis till they are made active again. 8 FX -65 Load 3 contains joint loads at nodes 6 and 8. The negative numbers (-135 and -65) indicate that the load is acting along the negative global X direction.75 2 0. JOINT LOAD 6 FX -135 . LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT Load case 3 is initiated followed by a title. CHANGE The above CHANGE command is an instruction to re-activate all inactive members. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 Members 9.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. the program simply gathers the 39 .75 Load combination case 4 involves the algebraic summation of the results of load cases 1 and 2 after multiplying each by a factor of 0.75.Example Problem 4 Load 2 contains joint loads. Nodes 4 and 7 are subjected to the loads. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. The analysis will be performed for load case 2 only. For load combinations. They have been inactivated to prevent them from being subject to compressive forces for the next load case. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. 12 and 14 are made inactive.

in the output file.Application Examples 40 Example Problem 4 results of the component primary cases. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1 ALL UNL 1. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 A LOAD LIST command is a means of instructing the program to use only the listed load cases for further processing. Only primary load case 3 will be considered for this analysis. factors them appropriately.Part I . are recognized as the "active" load cases. but handled using other means.8 ALL KY 0. of the member end forces. Load combination case 5 combines the results of load cases 1 and 3.5 ALL . PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is an instruction to produce a report. and combines them algebraically. (As explained earlier. a combination case is not truly analysed for.) CHANGE The above CHANGE command will re-activate all inactive members. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently. The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. Thus. an analysis in the real sense of the term (multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector) is not carried out for load combination cases.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.5 ALL sets the effective length factor for column buckling about the local Y-axis to be 0. 41 . The BEAM parameter is specified to perform design at every 1/12 th point along the member length.Example Problem 4 The PARAMETER command is used to specify the steel design parameters (information on these parameters can be obtained from the manual where the implementation of the code is explained).5 for ALL members. CHECK CODE ALL The above command instructs the program to perform a check to determine how the user defined member sizes along with the latest analysis results meet the code requirements. UNL represents the unsupported length to be used for calculation of allowable bending stress. KY 0.

25.5 0 6 12. 45. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 4 2 . 13. 24. 28. 9 1 5 . 2.75 LOAD COMBINATION 5 1 0. 23. 47. 18. CHANGES INACTIVE MEMBERS 10 11 13 LOADING 2 WIND FROM LEFT JOINT LOAD 4 FX 135 . 19. 4. 30. 34. 12. 43. 9. 26. 4. 37. 8 FX -65 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 7. CHANGE INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 12 14 LOADING 3 WIND FROM RIGHT JOINT LOAD 6 FX -135 . 29. 14. 31. 8. 44. CHANGE 18 . 22. 10 2 4 . 15. STAAD PLANE * A PLANE FRAME STRUCTURE WITH TENSION BRACING UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 3 12. 42. 35. 41. 8 12.75 3 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 20.5 7 UNI GY -6. 0. 6. 36. 27.Application Examples 42 Example Problem 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 14/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 0. 5 6 8 . 11 3 5 . 17. . 7 6. 7 FX 65 PERFORM ANALYSIS 38.5 0. 9. 3. 9. 21. 0. 46. Intl. 40.Part I .75 PERFORM ANALYSIS 48. 12 2 6 13 6 7 . 4 0 4.14 5 8 MEMBER TRUSS 9 TO 14 MEMBER PROP BRITISH 1 TO 5 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 6 7 8 TA ST UB457X152X52 9 TO 14 TA LD UA150X150X10 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 39. 3 5 7 . 4 3 6 . 5. 16. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 32. 11.75 2 0. 10. 33. 6 4 5 7 8 7 8 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 2 3 PINNED INACTIVE MEMBERS 9 TO 14 UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD MEMBER LOAD 6 8 UNI GY -4. 0.

00 -3.00 0.32 0.19 -129.44 10.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 59.00 0.93 0.90 -0.07 0.00 -0.96 -2.06 0.70 -1.91 2.00 0.39 6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.00 0.00 0.85 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.88 -67.00 0.08 0.79 -2.00 0.00 0.37 -47.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 -0.00 0.00 4.00 0.56 -7.00 0.44 -1.00 0.00 0.14 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.18 1.30 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 6 8 13.00 0.00 0.19 73.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 1.14 1.00 0.47 0.00 -4.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 3 6 31.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 -0.10 0.40 -31.00 -1.00 0.00 -5.00 1.00 0.47 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 9.00 0.29 -0.98 0.16 -4.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.12 3.00 0.00 0.18 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.15 15.07 68.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 -6.44 -2.07 1.04 5.61 101.00 0.00 0.56 -73.00 0.76 9.00 0.00 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.06 -18.59 -9.00 0.00 0.60 101.56 0.00 0.00 0.28 -1.00 0.70 -47.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 1 1 2 3 4 5 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 1 2 3 4 5 4 1 2 3 4 5 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 11.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.00 0.85 -135.00 0.96 1.96 1.53 -0.85 -0.00 0.36 3.00 0.45 43 .00 0.00 0.00 -0.91 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 6.00 0.23 89.00 0.00 0.88 0.00 3.07 1.44 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -8.46 -0.00 0.10 -1.00 0.81 -1.21 -0.79 -45.00 0.32 47.00 3.99 47.00 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.43 -1.00 0.94 3.90 0.00 0.15 -11.00 0.00 0.37 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 -59.97 0. LOAD LIST ALL 50.00 0.47 3.00 0.56 12.00 0.90 134.00 -2.40 103.00 0.14 -46.00 0.00 0.14 -2.14 129.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 1.96 2.00 0.00 0.56 135.52 45.00 0.76 -45.40 -101.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 -1.00 0.18 0.32 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 5 51.80 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 5 7 13.29 0.13 7.07 0.18 -3.00 0.00 6.00 0.52 -9.00 0.60 -89.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 0.00 0.88 11.01 3.Example Problem 4 49.35 -0.15 -1.35 -101.29 45.28 -1.35 67.00 0.04 4.00 0.40 -12.00 0.02 -9.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -0.46 0.85 -1.29 -8.81 5.00 0.00 4.00 0.94 -51.00 0.00 -5.80 -48.32 -13.00 0.14 -3.00 0.00 0.68 -0.00 0.00 0.44 -1.02 2.12 1.23 -134.00 0.44 0.19 3.53 -0.04 0.00 0.00 0.91 12.00 0.99 0.00 -2.00 0.91 0.77 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 -68.00 0.93 7.38 0.77 -0.43 7.37 -3.00 0.46 0.64 0.44 -15.00 2.94 46.40 0.97 -0.00 0.40 0.68 -13.80 -103.00 0.61 48.

00 0.32 -0.00 0.00 23.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -146.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 11.00 0.09 -1.00 0.41 18.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.00 0.00 0.89 -49.00 0.00 -136.00 0.24 22.00 0.56 63.00 0.62 -3.00 0.24 196.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 -196.00 0.00 -102.00 0.00 0.00 0.77 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.40 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.Application Examples 44 Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 1.00 0.00 0.51 102.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -111.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.69 146.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25 15.98 72.00 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 7 1 2 3 4 5 8 1 2 3 4 5 9 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 11 1 2 3 4 5 12 1 2 3 4 5 AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 -1.00 0.00 0.68 13.00 0.64 0.91 4.77 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 -156.00 -91.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 156.69 -52.00 0.64 91.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -68.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 49.00 0.00 0.23 9.00 0.73 68.00 0.98 52.91 3.00 0.00 0.02 -2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.99 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 -3.83 -4.00 0.25 -1.00 0.98 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 12.00 0.37 0.00 0.00 -83.37 83.81 2.00 0.56 -63.00 8.00 0.91 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 19.00 0.49 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 2.00 0.73 0.00 0.68 136.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 -10.00 0.12 1.97 14.00 0.00 0.35 117.51 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.13 -50.00 0.79 15.29 9.00 0.16 111.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 -63.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 -72.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 9.70 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 -10.96 63.13 13.00 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

5 ALL 57.62 0.00 0.35 C 0.00 0.00 0.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 6 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 -5.00 0.85 0.85 C 0.045 4 45.00 0. CODE BRITISH 54.7 (C) 0.40 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD LIST 1 4 5 52.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.3.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 45 .7 (C) 0.00 0.62 4.Pro CODE CHECKING .00 0. PARAMETER 53.00 0.6 0.00 0.00 0.51 T 0.00 SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 0.088 4 101.00 3.00 0.00 0.00 9.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.042 4 68.00 13 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.50 3 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.052 5 59.00 0.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 4.00 0.036 5 57.00 0.60 T 0.00 -57. CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.35 T 0.6 (T) 0.059 5 45.00 0.7 (C) 0.00 0.00 0. KY 0.00 0.76 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 76.00 0.00 0.00 9 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.46 C 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.063 5 102.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.118 5 135.00 -15.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.00 0.00 11 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 7.00 0.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.7 (C) 0.00 0.83 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .00 0.24 C 0.00 0.50 5 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.6 (T) 0.00 0.32 4.00 10 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.072 4 117.00 0.00 0.00 TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 0. BEAM 1 ALL 55.00 0.050 5 50.6 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.102 4 101.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51. UNL 1.37 T 0.00 0.80 4.00 0.79 C 0.00 0.00 -77.036 4 58.50 2 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 0.13 C 0.7 (C) 0.00 9.85 77.00 0.81 6.6 (T) 0.00 0.00 0.8 ALL 56.00 0.00 0.00 0.051 5 83.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.36 4.00 0.00 7 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.00 -1.39 T 0.00 -58.50 4 ST UB305X165X40 PASS BS-4.00 0.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT 13 1 2 3 4 5 14 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 5 8 AXIAL 0.147 5 146.00 0.00 0.39 58.00 -76.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 19.6 (T) 0.00 0.00 12 LD UA150X150X10 PASS BS-4.00 8 ST UB457X152X52 PASS BS-4.73 T 0.00 0.60 57.

uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * ************************************************************ .com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.Part I .co.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * * * North America support@bentley.co.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.Application Examples 46 Example Problem 4 58.com * * Asia support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.

5 This example demonstrates the application of support displacement load (commonly known as sinking support) on a space frame structure. 47 .Example Problem 5 Example Problem No.

Part I - Application Examples

48

Example Problem 5

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word SPACE
signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the
geometry is defined through X, Y and Z coordinates.
UNITS METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ; 2 0.0 3.0 0.0
3 6.0 3.0 0.0 ; 4 6.0 0.0 0.0
5 6.0 3.0 6.0 ; 6 6.0 0.0. 6.0
Joint number followed by X, Y and Z coordinates are provided
above. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators. That
enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 2 3
4 3 5 ; 5 5 6
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
UNIT MMS
MEMB PROP
1 TO 5 PRIS AX 6450 IZ 1.249E+08 IY 1.249E+08 IX 4.162E+06

Member properties have been defined above using the
PRISMATIC attribute. Values of AX (area), IZ (moment of inertia
about major axis), IY (moment of inertia about minor axis) and IX
(torsional constant) are provided in MMS unit.
CONSTANT
E 210. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s
ratio are specified following the command CONSTANT.

Example Problem 5

SUPPORT
1 4 6 FIXED
Joints 1, 4 and 6 are fixed supports.
LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT
Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.
SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD
4 FY –15
Load 1 is a support displacement load which is also commonly
known as a sinking support. FY signifies that the support
settlement is in the global Y direction and the value of this
settlement is 15mm downward.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
The above PRINT command instructs the program to print joint
displacements, support reactions and member forces.
FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

49

Part I - Application Examples

50

Example Problem 5
****************************************************
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STAAD.Pro
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Version 2007
Build 02
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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Time=
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USER ID:
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STAAD SPACE TEST FOR SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT
UNITS METER KNS
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0.0 0.0 0.0 ; 2 0.0 3.0 0.0
3 6.0 3.0 0.0 ; 4 6.0 0.0 0.0
5 6.0 3.0 6.0 ; 6 6.0 0.0 6.0
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 2 3
4 3 5 ; 5 5 6
UNIT MMS
MEMB PROP
1 TO 5 PRIS AX 6450 IZ 1.249E+08 IY 1.249E+08
CONSTANT
E 210. ALL
POISSON STEEL ALL
SUPPORT
1 4 6 FIXED
LOADING 1 SINKING SUPPORT
SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT LOAD
4 FY -15.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

IX 4.162E+06

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

6/

5/

3

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

1, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

18

22. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS

JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1
2
3
4
5
6

LOAD
1
1
1
1
1
1

X-TRANS
0.0000
0.2737
0.2735
0.0000
0.0323
0.0000

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

JOINT
1
4
6

Z-TRANS

0.0000
-0.0012
-1.4975
-1.5000
-0.0012
0.0000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS
-----------------

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

0.0000
-0.0323
-0.2735
0.0000
-0.2737
0.0000

MMS

X-ROTAN
0.0000
-0.0002
-0.0018
0.0000
-0.0019
0.0000

Y-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0006
0.0000
0.0000
-0.0006
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
0.0000
-0.0019
-0.0018
0.0000
-0.0002
0.0000

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
1
1

0.46
0.43
-0.90

5.63
-11.26
5.63

0.90
-0.43
-0.46

2780.50
15509.14
15492.86

-67.13
0.00
67.13

15492.86
15509.14
2780.50

Example Problem 5
MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS MMS
(LOCAL )
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1

1
2

5.63
-5.63

-0.46
0.46

0.90
-0.90

-67.13
67.13

-2780.50
94.34

15492.86
-16878.24

2

1

2
3

0.46
-0.46

5.63
-5.63

0.90
-0.90

94.34
-94.34

-67.13
-5305.17

16878.24
16904.26

3

1

3
4

-11.26
11.26

-0.43
0.43

0.43
-0.43

0.00 -16809.91
0.00 15509.14

-16809.91
15509.14

4

1

3
5

0.46
-0.46

-5.63
5.63

-0.90
0.90

-94.34
94.34

5305.17
67.13

-16904.26
-16878.24

5

1

5
6

5.63
-5.63

0.90
-0.90

0.46
-0.46

67.13 -16878.24
-67.13 15492.86

-94.34
2780.50

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

23. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
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Telephone
Email
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+1 (714)974-2500
support@bentley.com
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+1 (905)632-4771
detech@odandetech.com *
* UK
+44(1454)207-000
support@reel.co.uk
*
* FRANCE
+33(0)1 64551084
support@reel.co.uk
*
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+49/931/40468-71
info@reig.de
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staad@edr.no
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support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
*
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+81(03)5952-6500
eng-eye@crc.co.jp
*
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+86(411)363-1983
support@bentley.com
*
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support@bentley.com
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* North America
support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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support@bentley.com
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51

Part I - Application Examples

52

Example Problem 5

NOTES

Example Problem 6

Example Problem No. 6
This is an example of prestress loading in a plane frame structure.
It covers two situations: 1) From the member on which it is
applied, the prestressing effect is transmitted to the rest of the
structure through the connecting members (known in the program
as PRESTRESS load). 2) The prestressing effect is experienced by
the member(s) alone and not transmitted to the rest of the structure
(known in the program as POSTSTRESS load).

53

Part I - Application Examples

54

Example Problem 6

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE
signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the
geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 12. 0. ; 3 0. 6. ; 4 12. 6.
5 0. 10.5 ; 6 12. 10.5 ; 7 0. 15. ; 8 12. 15.
Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.
Since this is a plane structure, the Z coordinates need not be
provided. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators, and that
allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line.
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 5 7 ; 4 2 4 ; 5 4 6
6 6 8 ; 7 3 4 ; 8 5 6 ; 9 7 8
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
SUPPORT
1 2 FIXED
The supports at joints 1 and 2 are defined to be fixed supports.
MEMB PROP
1 TO 9 PRI AX 0.2044 IZ 8.631E-03
Member properties are provided using the PRI (prismatic)
attribute. Values of area (AX) and moment of inertia about the
major axis (IZ) are provided.
UNIT MMS
CONSTANT
E 21. ALL ; POISS CONC ALL

Example Problem 6

CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E
(modulus of elasticity), Poisson’s ratio, etc. Length unit is changed
from METER to MMS to facilitate the input.
LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. Load 1 contains
PRESTRESS load. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 1350
KNs. The location of the cable at the start (ES) and end (EE) is 75
MMs above the centre of gravity while at the middle (EM) it is 300
MMs below the c.g. The assumptions and facts associated with this
type of loading are explained in section 1 of the Technical
Reference Manual.
LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title. Load 2 is a
POSTSTRESS load. Members 7 and 8 have a cable force of 1350
KNs. The location of the cable is the same as in load case 1. For a
difference between PRESTRESS loading and POSTSTRESS
loading, as well as additional information about both types of
loads, please refer to section 1 of the Technical Reference Manual.
PERFORM ANALYSIS
This command instructs the program to perform the analysis.
UNIT METER
PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
The above command is an instruction to write joint displacements,
support reactions and member forces in the output file.
FINISH
This command terminates the STAAD run.

55

Part I - Application Examples

56

Example Problem 6
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro
*
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Version 2007
Build 02
*
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Proprietary Program of
*
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Research Engineers, Intl.
*
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Date=
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Time=
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USER ID:
*
****************************************************
1.
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STAAD PLANE FRAME WITH PRESTRESSING LOAD
UNIT METER KNS
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 12. 0. ; 3 0. 6. ; 4 12.
5 0. 10.5 ; 6 12. 10.5 ; 7 0. 15. ; 8
MEMBER INCIDENCE
1 1 3 ; 2 3 5 ; 3 5 7 ; 4 2 4 ; 5
6 6 8 ; 7 3 4 ; 8 5 6 ; 9 7 8
SUPPORT
1 2 FIXED
MEMB PROP
1 TO 9 PRI AX 0.2044 IZ 8.631E-03
UNIT MMS
CONSTANT
E 21. ALL ; POISS CONC ALL
LOADING 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
LOADING 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS
7 8 FORCE 1350. ES 75. EM -300. EE 75.
PERFORM ANALYSIS

6.
12.
4

15.

6

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

8/

9/

2

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

18

23. UNIT METER
24. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

LOAD
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2

X-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.1917
0.0000
-0.1917
0.0000
0.1799
0.0000
-0.1799
0.0000
-0.0014
0.0000
0.0014
0.0000

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

Z-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

X-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Y-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0004
0.0000
-0.0004
0.0000
0.0008
0.0000
-0.0008
0.0000
0.0002
0.0000
-0.0002
0.0000

Example Problem 6
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS
----------------JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
1
2

-30.59
0.00
30.59
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

80.49
0.00
-80.49
0.00

1
2

MEMBER END FORCES
STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KNS METE
(LOCAL )
MEMBER
1

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1

1
3
1
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

30.59
-30.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

80.49
103.07
0.00
0.00

3
5
3
5

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

62.59
-62.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

121.89
159.77
0.00
0.00

5
7
5
7

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

10.30
-10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

50.98
-4.64
0.00
0.00

2
4
2
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-30.59
30.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-80.49
-103.07
0.00
0.00

4
6
4
6

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-62.59
62.59
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-121.89
-159.77
0.00
0.00

6
8
6
8

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-10.30
10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-50.98
4.64
0.00
0.00

3
4
3
4

1371.41
-1371.41
1339.41
-1339.41

-168.75
-168.75
-168.75
-168.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-326.21
326.21
-101.25
101.25

5
6
5
6

1287.12
-1287.12
1339.41
-1339.41

-168.75
-168.75
-168.75
-168.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-312.00
312.00
-101.25
101.25

7
8
7
8

-10.30
10.30
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

4.64
-4.64
0.00
0.00

2

2

1
2

3

1
2

4

1
2

5

1
2

6

1
2

7

1
2

8

1
2

9

1
2

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

57

Part I - Application Examples

58

Example Problem 6
25. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
*
*
*
Telephone
Email
*
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support@bentley.com
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support@reel.co.uk
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support@reel.co.uk
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************************************************************

Example Problem 7

Example Problem No. 7
This example illustrates modelling of structures with OFFSET
connections. OFFSET connections arise when the centre lines of
the connected members do not intersect at the connection point.
The connection eccentricity behaves as a rigid link and is modeled
through specification of MEMBER OFFSETS.

59

Part I - Application Examples

60

Example Problem 7

Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.
STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS
Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The word PLANE
signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the
geometry is defined through X and Y axes.
UNIT METER KNS
Specifies the unit to be used.
JOINT COORD
1 0. 0. ; 2 6. 0. ; 3 0. 4.5
4 6. 4.5 ; 5 0. 9. ; 6 6. 9.
Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above.
Since this is a plane structure, the Z coordinates need not be
provided. Semicolon signs (;) are used as line separators. This
allows us to provide multiple sets of data in one line.
SUPPORT
1 2 PINNED
Pinned supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. The word PINNED
signifies that no moments will be carried by these supports.
MEMB INCI
1 1 3 2 ; 3 3 5 4
5 3 4 ; 6 5 6 ; 7 1 4
Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.
MEMB PROP BRITISH
1 TO 4 TABLE ST UC356X368X129
5 6 TA ST UB305X165X40
7 TA LD UA200X150X12
All member properties are from British steel table. The word ST
stands for standard single section. LD stands for long leg back-toback double angle.

Example Problem 7 UNIT MMS MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 178. These attributes are applied to members 5. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANT. LOADING 1 WIND LOAD Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.0 7 END -178.0 0. The X. UNIT METER PRINT FORCES PRINT REACTIONS The above PRINT commands are instructions for writing the member forces and support reactions to the output file.0 0.0 . 0. CONSTANT E 210. JOINT LOAD 3 FX 225. 61 . 6 and 7.0 0.5 Load 1 contains joint loads at nodes 3 and 5.0 5 6 END -178. 5 FX 112. 0.0 -152.0 The above specification states that an OFFSET is located at the START/END joint of the members. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command is an instruction to perform the analysis. Y and Z global coordinates of the offset distance from the corresponding incident joint are also provided.

.Application Examples 62 Example Problem 7 FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run.Part I .

6.0 -152. 9.00 0.59 -95. 14.72 0.25 20. 25. 20.00 0.0 CONSTANT E 210.00 0. STAAD PLANE TEST FOR MEMBER OFFSETS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORD 1 0. 9. UNIT METER 28.0 0.00 170.76 30. 23.13 0.0 5 6 END -178. 3 3 5 4 5 3 4 . 0.00 0.00 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4.00 0. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL LOADING 1 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 225. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 14 27.76 58.78 -53.0 .25 0.0 0. 24. 0. 4.76 -30. 22. 12. 7 1 4 MEMB PROP BRITISH 1 TO 4 TABLE ST UC356X368X129 5 6 TA ST UB305X165X40 7 TA LD UA200X150X12 UNIT MMS MEMB OFFSET 5 6 START 178.00 0.07 3 1 3 5 -30.00 151.12 49. Intl. .5 4 6. 17. 2. 0.0 7 END -178.00 0.00 0. SUPPORT 1 2 PINNED MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 . 5 FX 112.5 .12 -20.00 0.00 91. 7.00 0. .70 2 1 2 4 337.5 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 7/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 4.0 0. 4.00 0.00 0.13 25. 6 5 6 .KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -49.00 0.76 53. .50 -337.03 4 1 4 6 30. 6 6.00 0. 5. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 0. 18. 15. 9.71 93.50 -25.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 -113.72 -58. 8. 10. 5 0.78 0. 3 0.Example Problem 7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 13.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 3. 21. 26.00 0.52 63 . 11. 2 6.00 0. 19. 16.

00 0.co.59 -9.95 1.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.03 -18. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.72 -58.32 479.03 -51.co.Part I .72 -30.00 0.62 6 1 5 6 58.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 -85.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.13 -337. PRINT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -362.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 5 1 3 4 299.Pro.00 0.com * ************************************************************ .32 -1.00 0.04 7 1 1 4 -479.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.61 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 29.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 30.com * * * * North America support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.37 0.00 0.37 18.00 0.00 0.50 337.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 -52.co.00 0.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.76 0.00 0.00 -4.00 0.03 -299.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.55 -88.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.50 0.76 30.Application Examples 64 Example Problem 7 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.63 25.

The above example represents a space frame.Example Problem 8 Example Problem No. The input in the next page will show the dimensions of the members. namely one for dead plus live load and another with dead. and the members are made of concrete. live and wind load. Secondary moments on the columns are obtained through the means of a PDelta analysis. 65 . Design calculations consist of computation of reinforcement for beams and columns. are considered in the design. Two load cases. 8 In this example. concrete design is performed on some members of a space frame structure.

Y and Z coordinates are provided above. UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 300.119E08 IX 4. 12 11. 0 4 0 0 7. 6 11.704E09 .4 7.6 7.2 . Semicolon signs (.4 7.2 16 11.2 .4 7. Y and Z coordinates. 7 3 9 6 12 . 15 13 14 17 7 10 . 5 5. 8 5.4 0 7. 11 5.4 3.4 3.2 Joint number followed by X. 19 20 13 15 .4 7.2 7.0 IZ 2. 11 13 10 11 14 . 3 11.6 0 10 0 3.409E09 IY 1.596E08 – IX 5.2 7.6 0 . 3 2 8 5 5 11 .324E08 11 TO 21 PR YD 535. JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 .) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line.4 0.6 7. 8 9 14 8 12 16 15 16 12 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 ZD 380 IZ 2. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.2 13 5. 9 11.Application Examples 66 Example Problem 8 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.Part I . STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN Every input has to start with the word STAAD.2 0 . 9 7 . 14 11.2 .4 3. 15 5. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 .0 IZ 3.2 7 0 3.596E08 IY 3.6 7.6 0 .4 0 0 .237E08 3 TO 10 PR YD 300. 21 14 16 . 9 4 8 13 .0 ZD 300.119E08 IY 2. 18 8 11 . 10 12 16 .4 3. 2 5. 2 4 10 .2 0 . 6 11 15 .4 0 7.2 .229E09 – IX 2.

etc. so these will not be re-calculated. CONSTANT E 21. moments of inertia (IZ.56 ALL The CONSTANT command initiates input for material constants like E (modulus of elasticity). Since global Y is vertically upward.Example Problem 8 All member properties are provided using the PRISMATIC option. and IZ values provided in this example are only half the values of a full section to account for the fact that the full moments of inertia will not be effective due to cracking of concrete. Moments of Inertia.7LL) Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title.4DL + 1. Area. LOAD 1 (1. Length unit is changed from MM to METER to facilitate input for DENsity. IY) and torsional constant (IX) are provided. The built-in value for Poisson’s ratio for concrete will be used in the analysis. Density. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are fixed supports. Poisson’s ratio. If ZD is not provided. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section.4 factor. the negative factor indicates that this load will act downwards. All properties required for the analysis. For this particular example.4 The selfweight of the structure is applied in the global Y direction with a -1. The IX. IY. are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. 67 . etc. SELF Y -1. YD and ZD stand for depth and width.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL UNIT METER CONSTANT DEN 23. such as.

LOAD 2 . The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load.5 Load 1 contains member loads also. Y indicates that the load is in the local Y direction.75 (1. FZ indicates that the load is a force in the global Z direction.4DL + 1.75 and utilize the resulting values in load 2. The analysis type is P-DELTA indicating that second-order effects are to be calculated.Part I . The LIST option restricts the print output to the members listed. .0 Load 2 contains some additional joint loads also.0 11 TO 16 UNI Y -76. JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 40. multiply them with a factor of 0.7LL + 1. REPEAT LOAD 1 0. PDELTA ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis.75 The above command will gather the load data values from load case 1.7WL) Load case 2 is initiated followed by a title.Application Examples 68 Example Problem 8 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -42.0 10 FZ 40.0 12 FZ 70.0 11 FZ 90. PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 9 14 16 Member end forces are printed using the above PRINT commands.

END CONCRETE DESIGN This will end the concrete design.Example Problem 8 START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates a concrete design.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2. MAXMAIN indicates that the maximum size of main reinforcement is the 40 mm bar. Design is performed per the BS 8110 Code. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 The above command instructs the program to design columns 2 and 5 for axial load and biaxial bending. 69 . CODE BRITISH TRACK 1. shear and torsion. DESIGN BEAM 14 16 The above command instructs the program to design beams 14 and 16 for flexure. These parameters are described in the manual where British concrete design related information is available.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 40 ALL The values for the concrete design parameters are defined in the above commands. The TRACK value dictates the extent of design related information provided in the output. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.

0 4 0 0 7. 17. 11 7 8 12 13 10 11 14 . 37. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2. 4.6 7.4DL + 1.Part I .237E08 3 TO 10 PR YD 300.324E08 11 TO 21 PR YD 535. 36.2 16 11.2 . 2 4 10 . 18 8 11 . 16 15 16 17 7 10 . 8.2 13 5. 42. 38.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL UNIT METER CONSTANT DEN 23. 4 8 13 5 5 11 .704E09 CONSTANT E 21. 8 9 14 9 6 12 .6 0 . 14.7WL) REPEAT LOAD 1 0. 3. 14 11.0 11 TO 16 UNI Y -76.596E08 IY 3.5 LOAD 2 . PRINT FORCES LIST 2 5 2.6 0 .75 JOINT LOAD 15 16 FZ 40. 30.119E08 IX 4. 19 9 12 20 13 15 .0 11 FZ 90. 33. 45.4 3. 6 11 15 .4 0.2 . 34.4 7. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 9 14 16 60 .2 7 0 3. 6 11.6 0 10 0 3.2 7. 8 5.0 IZ 2.409E09 IY 1. 11 5.4 3. 25. 7 3 9 . 20. 39. 26.0 PDELTA ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 21/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 47. 3 2 8 .Application Examples 70 Example Problem 8 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.7LL) SELF Y -1. 29.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 35. 32. 12. 22. 43. 7. 9.0 12 FZ 70. 15 13 14 .4 7. 46. 15 5.0 10 FZ 40.2 .0 ZD 300.4 0 7. 44.229E09 IX 2.0 ZD 380 IZ 2.2 0 .2 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 7 . Intl.0 IZ 3. 11. 21 14 16 UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 2 PRISMATIC YD 300. 16. 28.75 (1. 12 11. 10 12 16 .2 7. 2 5. 21.4DL + 1.4 7.6 7. 24.4 0 0 .4 0 7.119E08 IY 2. STAAD SPACE FRAME WITH CONCRETE DESIGN UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATE 1 0 0 0 .4 MEMB LOAD 11 TO 16 UNI Y -42. 41. 18. 19. 15. 40. 27. 23.56 ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED LOAD 1 (1.4 3.4 7. 3 11.2 . 13. 6. 9 11.4 3. 10.2 0 . 5 5. 5. 31.6 7.7LL + 1.596E08 IX 5.

77 2.04 -4.13 19.23 -2.86 2.36 -0.99 2.07 -7.51 15 16 15 16 61.97 65.46 372.28 -34.64 112.00 0.00 1.98 -19.92 -2.73 -45.72 -93.00 -61.88 57.06 -293.10 -104.03 1.84 21.80 1015.55 105.62 -124.77 -142.56 -18.93 11 12 11 12 -40.51 -42.77 375.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 2 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 10 4 10 302.76 0.0 MEMB 14 TRACK 2.38 18.51 434.03 -0.00 0.77 -65.26 0. 53.79 31.36 0.77 283.66 124. TRACK 1.14 -612.54 5 11 5 11 1289.16 3.45 326.87 -748. 52.32 3.66 -12.5_8110_97/1 50.63 -34.85 -4.13 3.01 0.64 4.63 40. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.98 12.48 -1278.00 45.03 -0.00 0.67 243.23 15.93 -6.63 33.79 0.00 -1. START CONCRETE DESIGN 49.13 0.31 6.92 -0.99 -65.0 MEMB 16 MAXMAIN 40 ALL DESIGN BEAM 14 16 71 .63 11.85 2.00 0.86 -31.16 0.00 -11.00 0.00 0.86 -237.62 0.16 -0.75 -23.18 122.67 279.73 378.58 -2.38 -15.42 6.70 56.65 -20.60 -1007.99 2 5 1 2 9 1 2 14 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 48.00 1.51 34.Example Problem 8 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.13 -1.21 -0.62 497.26 -1.13 0.64 -2.57 7.16 65.97 0.32 -1.28 50.00 0.23 -9.78 316.00 0.66 -2.89 -5.00 2.95 141.81 236.03 -0.65 111.19 620. 51.63 6 12 6 12 758.

/ 58. ROWMX=0.|740.X 535_____________________ 12J____ | ===============|| ||===================== 7No12 H 497.20 MM 740. X FLEXURE 535./ 37.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 6 | 250 mm | | 3500 5000 mm | 191. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| 3 497./ 147.TO | MAX. mm LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR mm mm mm STA END ------------------------------------------------------------------1 35. 6000.ROWMN=0. ROW=0. NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 142. | SPACING C/C | |----------------|------------|------|-------|-----|-------------| | END 1 2001 mm | 434.TO|6000 | | 4No32 H 487.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 9 | 125 mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| ___ 11J____________________ 6000.460.ROWMN=0. 6000. mm. NO YES |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL POS MOMENT= 257.0400.ROWMN=0. 4.12 MM (REQD. SQ.0155.77 KN-M AT 0.09 KN-M AT 3500.0400. mm.77 KN-M AT 6000.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 164. 5. ROWMX=0. YES NO COMP. mm2. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 1353.0067. STEEL= 338.32 MM 0.0400. mm2.0035. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 707. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| 2 487. ROW=0.2 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 6 | 249 mm | | 5000 END 2 | 316.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 190.| |0. ROW=0. 6000. LOAD 1| | REQD STEEL= 3155.4740.TO 6000 | | | | | | | | | | ==================================================================|| |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | | | | | | | | | ooooooo | | OOOO | | OOOO | | | | | | 7T12 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | 5T20 | | | | ooooo | | ooooo | | ooooo | | ooooo | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ./ 37.8 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | | 2001 3502 mm | 184. 14 D E S I G N R E S U L T S - SHEAR PROVIDE SHEAR LINKS AS FOLLOWS |----------------------------------------------------------------| | FROM ./ 45.30. SHEAR | LOAD | LINKS | NO. 3. 1760./ 41. mm. 7. ROWMX=0. MM) |----------------------------------------------------------------| | CRITICAL NEG MOMENT= 497.0013 | | MAX/MIN/ACTUAL BAR SPACING= 183.X 380.Application Examples 72 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== B E A M LEN - N O.12 MM 4740.TO 1760 | | | | | | | | | | 26*8 c/c 80 | | | | | | 9*8 c/c125| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 5No20 H |35. mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| B E A M N O. R E S U L T S SIZE - 380.Part I . mm2. FC . mm 14 D E S I G N FY .

3/ 0.00 0.0/ 700.16 MM REQUIRED REINF. 6000.0 0. DESIGN COLUMN 2 5 73 . 4000. 0. 4.90/ 413.00 0.X 535_____________________ 16J____ ||======== =========|| | 7No12 H 497.6 0. FC .TO 6000 | | | | | | ||=========================================================================|| |___________________________________________________________________________| ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ | ooooooo | | | | | | | | oooo | | 7T12 | | | | | | | | 4T16 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | 4T32 | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | | OOOO | |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| |___________| ********************END OF BEAM DESIGN************************** 54.00 0. 1000. mm 16 D E S I G N FY .12/ 370. 5240.00 0. | SPACING C/C | |----------------|------------|------|-------|-----|-------------| | END 1 2001 mm | 378.0 0.X 380. 6000. X FLEXURE 535. 495.9/ 2105. 500.0 0.00 124.5 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | | 2001 3001 mm | 128.96/ 174.00/ 31.34/ 416. 4500. STEEL SUMMARY : ------------------------------SECTION REINF STEEL(+VE/-VE) ( MM ) (SQ.8 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 26 | 80 mm | |----------------------------------------------------------------| ___ 15J____________________ 6000. 2000.0/ 2571.75/ 185.3/ 876.00 0.24/ 285.5240. R E S U L T S SIZE - 380. 760.0 611. 3500. 1500. 5500.8/ 264.4 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 4 | 249 mm | | 4000 END 2 | 372.1 N O.0/ 264.Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== B E A M LEN - N O.00 0.0 0.62 0.22/ 364.12 MM 4. SHEAR | LOAD | LINKS | NO.2/ 2064.00 0. 2500. 3000.0 0.0 0.TO 760 4No16 H 495.27/ 430. 497.00 0.2/ 2432.0 0.460.30.19/ 0. MM ) 0.6/ 1581. 0.00/ 16 D E S I G N 141.55 R E S U L T S - YES YES NO YES NO YES LOAD(+VE/-VE) 0/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 1/ 0/ 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 SHEAR PROVIDE SHEAR LINKS AS FOLLOWS |----------------------------------------------------------------| | FROM .59/ 293. MOMENTS(+VE/-VE) (KN-METER) 0.1/ 1527. 0.TO|6000 | | | | | | | | | | | | | 26*8 c/c 80 26*8 c/c 80| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | 4No32 H 41.62/ 46.TO | MAX. mm LEVEL HEIGHT BAR INFO FROM TO ANCHOR mm mm mm STA END ------------------------------------------------------------------1 2 3 41. 6000. B E A M 0.0 0.1 kN | 1 | 8 mm | 4 | 249 mm | | 3000 4000 mm | 122.00 0. 6000. 0.9/ 2454.0 0. 5000.0 0.4/ 938.32 MM 7.00 0.

FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. FC -30.com * * * * North America support@bentley. R E S U L T S 300. 2 FC .793 2 EACH END (PROVIDE EQUAL NUMBER OF BARS AT EACH FACE) ********************END OF COLUMN DESIGN RESULTS******************** 55.com * * Europe support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. MM.460.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.244 2 EACH END (ARRANGE COLUMN REINFORCEMENTS SYMMETRICALLY) ==================================================================== C O L U M N FY .uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. N O. END CONCRETE DESIGN 56. MM.co.Pro. SQ. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT.com * * Asia support@bentley. X 300.Part I .460.com * ************************************************************ . MM.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. N/MM2 D E S I G N CIRC SIZE AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 1586. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.Application Examples 74 Example Problem 8 ==================================================================== C O L U M N FY . R E S U L T S 300. MM DIAMETER SQ. LOAD LOCATION ---------------------------------------------------8 20 MM 2.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. BAR CONFIGURATION REINF PCT. LOAD LOCATION ---------------------------------------------------8 16 MM 2. N O. N/MM2 5 D E S I G N SQRE SIZE - AREA OF STEEL REQUIRED = 2499.30.

9 The space frame structure in this example consists of frame members and finite elements (plates). The finite element part is used to model floor slabs and a shear wall. Concrete design of an element is performed.Example Problem 9 Example Problem No. 75 .

4 34 35 .375 6 The joint numbers and their coordinates are defined through the above set of commands.125 6 39 6 3. 2 2 11 3 3 34 . The second line forms the title to identify this project. The automatic generation facility has been used several times in the above lines. UNIT METER NEWTON The units for the data that follows are specified above.375 0 37 6 1.5 0 11 0 4.5 4. Users may refer to section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual where the joint coordinate generation facilities are described. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . 10 39 22 11 5 29 .5 6 17 4.5 6 29 12 4. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.5 0 26 7. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 .5 4.5 6 23 7.5 0 22 6 4. MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 5 35 36 .5 4.5 6 18 6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 6 28 10.5 6 12 1. JOINT COORD 1000. 8 37 38 .5 6 34 6 1.5 0 25 10. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.5 4.Application Examples 76 Example Problem 9 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.5 0 14 4.5 0 15 1.125 0 36 6 3. Y and Z axes.5 0 33 12 4. 9 38 39 .2006 REP ALL 2 6 0 0 7 0 4.5 4.Part I .

38 26 27 . 34 15 16 . In this case.Example Problem 9 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=6.0 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 12. 35 16 17 . Our goal is to define the slab and the wall as several plate/shell elements. For some members. the member number followed by the start and end joint numbers are defined. In other cases. 40 28 33 The member incidences are defined through the above set of commands.0 33 11 15 . 30 23 24 . GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 77 .0 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=12. Section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual describes these facilities in detail. Superelements are plate/shell surfaces from which a number of individual plate/shell elements can be generated. the points describe the outer corners of a slab and that of a shear wall. 31 24 25 . DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 The above lines define the nodes of super-elements. 26 12 13 . 39 27 28 . 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 27 13 14 . STAAD's automatic generation facilities are utilized. 36 17 22 37 22 26 .

The negative sign (and the default value for the axis) indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the element local z-axis. For example. UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 300 ZD 300 Members 1 to 40 are defined as a rectangular prismatic section with 300 mm depth and 300 mm width.Part I . CONSTANT E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio are defined above for all the members and elements following the keyword CONSTANT. UNIT KNS METER LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -10.m. B.0 Load 1 consists of a pressure load of 10 KNS/sq. SUPPORT 1 TO 6 FIXED Joints 1 to 6 are defined as fixed supported. intensity on elements 41 to 72. the command MESH ABCD 4 4 means that STAAD has to generate 16 elements from the surface formed by the points A. C and D with 4 elements along the edges AB & CD and 4 elements along the edges BC & DA. ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 150 Elements 41 to 88 are defined to be 150 mm thick.Application Examples 78 Example Problem 9 The above lines form the instructions to generate individual 4noded elements from the super-element profiles. .

Example Problem 9 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -90.3 times load case 2. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.9 2 1. 79 . Load 2 consists of joint loads in the Z direction at joints 11.3 Load 3 is a combination of 0.9 times load case 1 and 1. START CONCRETE DESIGN CODE BRITISH DESIGN ELEMENT 47 END CONCRETE DESIGN The above set of command form the instructions to STAAD to perform a concrete design on element 47. Note that design will consist only of flexural reinforcement calculations in the longitudinal and transverse directions of the elements for the moments MX and MY. 22 FZ -450. LOAD LIST 1 3 PRINT SUPP REAC PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 Support reactions. PERFORM ANALYSIS The command to perform an elastic analysis is specified above. FINI The STAAD run is terminated. members forces and element stresses are printed for load cases 1 and 3. 22 and 33. Design is done according to the British code.

40 28 33 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 7 B JOINT 11 C JOINT 22 D JOINT 18 E JOINT 33 F JOINT 29 G JOINT 3 H JOINT 4 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 4 4 MESH DCEF 4 4 MESH DCHG 4 4 UNIT MMS MEMB PROP 1 TO 40 PRIS YD 300 ZD 300 ELEM PROP 41 TO 88 TH 150 CONSTANT E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT .0 17 18 19 20 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=12. 43. 34 15 16 . 41. 2 2 11 3 3 34 . 22. 9. 16. 6 36 18 7 4 37 . 33. 38. 26 12 13 . 39 27 28 .5 6 34 6 1. 32 25 29 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 12. 27 13 14 . 24. 36 17 22 37 22 26 . 38 26 27 . 7.5 0 26 7. 35.0 33 11 15 . 30 23 24 .5 6 29 12 4. 21. 23. 11. 19.5 6 18 6 4.5 4. 29. 46. 27. 5. 49. 48.125 0 36 6 3. 34. 31 24 25 .5 4. 8 37 38 .5 4. 10.0 21 29 30 24 *BEAMS IN X DIRECTION AT Z = 0 25 7 12 . 5 35 36 . 35 16 17 .125 6 39 6 3. 45. 44. 18. 55.Part I . 52. 13.5 6 12 1. 28. 54. 42.5 4. 10 39 22 11 5 29 .5 0 15 1. 12 6 33 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=0 13 7 8 16 *BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION AT X=6. STAAD SPACE * EXAMPLE PROBLEM WITH FRAME MEMBERS AND FINITE ELEMENTS UNIT METER NEWTON JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.5 0 22 6 4. 9 38 39 .5 4. 40. 15.5 6 17 4. 20. 47. 53. 28 14 18 29 18 23 . 36. 50.5 0 25 10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4 34 35 . 6. 25. 12.5 0 33 12 4. 4. 8. Intl.375 6 MEMBER INCI *COLUMNS 1 1 7 . 31.Application Examples 80 Example Problem 9 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 17. 39. 2 0 0 6 REP ALL 2 6 0 0 7 0 4.5 4.5 4. 37. 26.5 0 14 4. 2.5 4. 51.5 6 23 7. 14.375 0 37 6 1. 30.5 6 28 10. 3. 32.5 0 11 0 4.

72 0.43 -411.67 22.00 12. 59.38 10.53 12. 58.00 0.19 11.42 211.72 6. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 47 81 . 65.55 -21.76 476.19 -10.88 -10.07 -67.06 15.94 -10. LOAD LIST 1 3 69. 63. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 27 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. 61.88 0.05 0.47 8.47 -8.47 -9.51 3.67 -0.53 0.0 LOAD 2 WIND LOAD JOINT LOAD 11 33 FZ -90.77 6.99 0.57 10.29 0.42 10.29 65. 66.04 -12. 60. LOAD COMB 3 1 0.75 67.05 0.00 0.3 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 69/ 88/ 6 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 1 TO 6 FIXED UNIT KNS METER LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD FROM FLOOR ELEMENT LOAD 41 TO 72 PRESSURE -10.67 10. 64.88 -10.18 7.05 0.47 17.32 74.18 -7.38 -7.00 0.38 10.06 -0.Example Problem 9 56.19 -11.68 211.76 336.29 74.00 0.00 0.23 0.77 -15.29 -6.00 0.29 65.57 -0.77 -6.88 -10.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 27 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 13 14 13 14 0.00 0.99 1 2 3 4 5 6 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 70. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 378 68.05 0.00 0.47 -9.71 -19.00 -8.47 17.29 68.15 74. 62.29 68.75 15.00 -0. 57.18 -7.76 10.11 -22.19 10.18 7.00 0.62 3.04 12.00 0.9 2 1.29 0.43 791.00 -0.32 74.94 11.00 0.53 31. 67.06 0.38 -7. 22 FZ -450.65 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71. PRINT SUPP REAC SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 8.11 -11.77 -15.23 -12.

44 / 0 1 TRANS.Part I . REINF (mm2/m) 195.16mm BARS AT 150mm C/C = 1206mm2/metre FY=250.705871E+03 47 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 72. 301.35 / 0 1 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN************************** 75.96 3078.34 555.44 3278. MOM-X /LOAD (kN-m/m) 0.4 -11.52 SMAX= 3149.00 / -10.16mm BARS AT 250mm C/C = 804mm2/metre ELEMENT 47 TOP : BOTT: LONG.82 1.22 SMIN= -3479. START CONCRETE DESIGN 73.70 TMAX= MXY SXY -13. PRACTICAL LAYOUTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: FY=460. REINF (mm2/m) 195.18 3149.76 ANGLE= ANGLE= 26.2 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 3. 47 47 CASE NO.87 SMAX= -2666.27 5.79 SMIN= -3705.60 SMAX= -2369. 6No. END CONCRETE DESIGN .666786E+03 -3. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1.550358E+02 47 3 3.5 7.92 180.07 TMAX= 4.705871E+03 PLATE NO.51 3479.22 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX MY SY 4.5_8110_97/1 74.04 330. MOM-Y /LOAD (kN-m/m) 0.37 -11.Application Examples 82 Example Problem 9 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.310847E+03 47 1 3.85 3705.09 -46.54 2876.35 -16.07 519. 205.99 -59.15 3310.77 ANGLE= 20.79 3 14.17 -9.85 3666. DESIGN ELEMENT 47 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY-BASED ON 16mm BARS ----------------------------------------MINIMUM AREAS ARE ACTUAL CODE MIN % REQUIREMENTS.00 / -13.LENGTH UNITS= KNS METE STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 47 1 TOP : BOTT: TOP : BOTT: SQX VONT TRESCAT 17.7 509.32 SMAX= 3666.52 -10. 1 1 5.60 TMAX= SMIN= 2487.87 TMAX= SMIN= 2648. 4No.36 ANGLE= 20.99 0.

co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Example Problem 9 76.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.Pro. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.co.com * ************************************************************ 83 .com * * * * North America support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Asia support@bentley.co.

Part I .Application Examples 84 Example Problem 9 NOTES .

Tank Model Deflected Shape 85 . Reinforcement calculations have been done for some elements. 10 A tank structure is modeled with four-noded plate elements.Example Problem 10 Example Problem No. Water pressure from inside is used as loading for the tank.

5.5.5. 1. 6. Y and Z coordinate increments. 0. 0. UNITS METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. 0. 4. 81 1. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D) structure. REPEAT 4 1.5.5. 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 . 1. 5 0.Application Examples 86 Example Problem 10 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. Joint number followed by X. 0. 0. 0. The REPEAT command generates joint coordinates by repeating the pattern of the previous line of joint coordinates. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out. REPEAT 3 0. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK * STRUCTURE Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 0. REPEAT 4 -1.5. REPEAT 4 0.5. REPEAT 2 1. 0.5. 83 1. –1. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. This is followed by X.Part I . 0.5. 0. 0. This is explained in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.

This is explained in detail in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. UNIT MMS ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 200. The number following the REPEAT command is the number of repetitions to be carried out and that is followed by element and joint number increments.Example Problem 10 75 76 77 78 79 80 85 86 16 87 88 89 88 89 21 26 31 36 89 46 26 31 36 41 86 51 87 88 89 46 Element connectivities are input as above by providing the element number followed by joint numbers defining the element. The expression “1 TO 76 BY 5” means 1. SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the joints listed above. 11.0 Element properties are provided by specifying that the elements are 200.0 mm THick. UNIT METER LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 50. 6. The REPEAT command generates element incidences by repeating the pattern of the previous line of element nodes. No moments will be carried by these supports.0 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 100.0 87 . up to 76.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided following the keyword CONSTANTS. CONSTANTS E 21. etc.

Application Examples 88 Example Problem 10 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 150. The forces printed are in the global directions at the nodes of the elements.0 1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 200. In STAAD. UNIT MMS PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 Joint displacements for a selected set of nodes and element corner forces for some elements are written in the output file as a result of the above commands. END CONCRETE DESIGN Terminates the concrete design operation. It consists of element loads in the form of uniform PRessure acting along the local z-axis.e. The LIST option restricts the print output to that for the joints/elements listed. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. elements are typically designed for the moments MX and MY at the centroid of the element. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. elements) 9 and 12 will be designed and the reinforcement requirements obtained.0 Load case 1 is initiated. CODE BRITISH DESIGN SLAB 9 12 Slabs (i. . START CONCRETE DESIGN The above command initiates concrete design.Part I .

28. 0.0 ALL POISSON CONC ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 76 BY 5 81 TO 89 PINNED UNIT METER LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 4 TO 64 BY 4 PR 50.5 0. 9. UNIT MMS 49. 32. 0. 20.Example Problem 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 6.5 0. 33. 2.5 81 1. 1.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 89/ 80/ 25 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 21. 4. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 5 25 45 65 459 89 . 46.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 26. -1. 36. 13. 0. REPEAT 4 1. 47.5 0.0 2 TO 62 BY 4 PR 150.5 REPEAT 4 -1. 1. 43. 23. 18. 10. 41. 0. REPEAT 4 0. 0. 14. 34. 12.5 83 1. 0. 5. 5 0. 38. 31. 30.0 3 TO 63 BY 4 PR 100. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 48. 8.5 REPEAT 2 1. 0. Intl. 6.5 0. 7. 44. 29. 17. 11. 37. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 7 6 TO 4 1 1 REPEAT 14 4 5 61 76 77 2 1 TO 64 1 1 65 1 6 81 76 66 76 81 82 71 67 71 82 83 66 68 66 83 56 61 69 6 11 84 81 70 81 84 85 82 71 82 85 86 83 72 83 86 51 56 73 11 16 87 84 74 84 87 88 85 75 85 88 89 86 76 86 89 46 51 77 16 21 26 87 78 87 26 31 88 79 88 31 36 89 80 89 36 41 46 UNIT MMS ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 80 TH 200.0 CONSTANTS E 21. 15. 22. 42. 0.0 1 TO 61 BY 4 PR 200. 25. 45. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OF TANK * STRUCTURE UNITS METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 4.5 0. 16. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 27. 39. 3. 19. 35. 40. 24. REPEAT 3 0.

0833E+05 4. 12 FOR LOAD CASE 1 14 -1.6136E+01 -6.4444E+04 -4.2181E+02 2.0002 -0.6568E+01 -1.1918E-06 -2.8931E+01 -1. 9 FOR LOAD CASE 11 -8.6787E+02 16 2.3157E+02 -1.9439E+05 -4.5470E+01 2.8259E+04 18 2.6211E+05 5.2121E+02 -1.0868E+04 7.4616E+02 -1.3646E+04 6.4213E+00 6.6896E+01 8.8741E+03 -3.5597E+01 -1.6273E+02 6.0103 0.5610E+04 -2.2142E+01 2.0006 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN -0.5470E+01 1.NO.0002 0.9853E+04 -1.Application Examples 90 Example Problem 10 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 5 25 45 65 LOAD 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.5202E+00 -1.6957E+04 20 -1.0002 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.6418E+02 -2.0103 0.0103 0.2741E+02 -2.0396E+04 19 -2.1796E+01 -1.1163E+03 -2.9905E+04 1.8154E+02 12 -8.1350E+05 5.4563E+01 -2.5563E+01 -2.8717E+04 25 1.5252E+04 24 1. 15 FOR LOAD CASE 1 18 -2.4809E+04 22 1.8137E+02 5.0140E+04 ELE.0527E+02 -8.6044E+04 -4.2919E+01 -1.1804E+02 -5.7875E+02 -1.7299E+04 1.5288E+04 19 1.4820E+05 5.6342E+04 1.6292E+04 ELE.4279E+04 ELE.3868E+04 15 -1.4018E+01 2.0103 -0.0103 0.0444E+04 22 2.5180E+04 17 -3.8422E+02 2.4213E+00 -1.9002E+02 -1.6342E+04 1.2387E+01 8.4179E+01 -1.1267E+04 1.2522E+04 1.3346E+04 1.6136E+01 -7.3355E+02 1.3215E+04 23 2.0006 0.2736E+04 3.0000 0.0392E+04 ELE.9154E+04 2.0499E+05 -6.3809E+01 1.NO.0002 0.3119E+02 5.0020E+04 21 -4.3267E+01 -2.0357E+01 -2.9905E+04 1.6502E+02 -7.4535E+04 -4.7008E+04 6.3363E+01 1.2661E+02 -8.0980E+03 -4.NO.3096E+04 2.0103 0.9661E+04 1.8019E+01 1.4404E+02 4.1528E+01 -1.0983E+04 -5.4029E+04 5.5797E+02 4.0814E+01 1.7932E+02 -6.3732E+04 2.0284E+05 -5.7652E+04 13 -2.4563E+01 -6. PRINT ELEM FORCE LIST 9 TO 16 ELEMENT FORCES -------------- FORCE.6709E+04 -5.0000 0.0552E+01 -7.4951E+02 3.9661E+04 5.9615E+05 4.4028E+01 3.9015E+04 20 1.0999E+02 -3.0103 0. 11 FOR LOAD CASE 1 13 -2.6418E+02 2.5280E+02 -5.8697E+02 -1.6885E+01 -6.7286E+01 -7.8717E+04 -2.8249E+04 -5.1780E+00 -4.0000 0.LENGTH UNITS= KNS GLOBAL CORNER FORCES JOINT FX FY FZ ELE.1978E+04 17 1.0006 0.NO.0006 0.5236E+04 18 2.6725E+01 -3.4860E+02 -5.5252E+04 1.6525E+05 -3.9361E+02 1.1068E+04 -5.Part I .7426E+04 2.6646E+01 -1.7391E+04 .2151E+04 1.4829E-06 1.8359E+01 -5.3068E+00 -1.3390E+04 5.1533E+04 23 2.8125E+01 8.3170E+05 -4.2219E+02 1.4265E+02 MMS MX MY MZ 1 1.1372E+04 ELE.8019E+01 1.5720E+04 ELE.7388E+04 14 -2.3106E+02 2.3445E+02 -1.4106E+01 -6.0854E+01 5.1198E+02 3.4697E+04 19 2.NO.3039E+02 -1.8428E+01 1.7545E+02 1.2581E+04 -1.0959E+04 1.3985E+01 7.3228E+01 3.3740E+01 6.7927E+04 ELE.1714E+04 -5.3829E+02 -2.0826E+03 -5.0002 -0.6331E+04 1. 14 FOR LOAD CASE 1 17 -2.9044E+04 4.6895E+02 1.6183E+04 -2.8792E+02 6.0002 0.0044E+02 -3.4377E+04 4.NO.NO.2673E+05 -1.5632E+02 17 1.5288E+04 1.4843E+02 4.0103 -0.3437E+01 8.1115E+02 8.1969E+05 18 -2.1943E+04 2.6896E+01 1.5139E+01 -6.1780E+00 -1.8110E+01 -7.0002 -0. 16 FOR LOAD CASE 1 19 -1. 13 FOR LOAD CASE 1 16 -1.0370E+05 6.4535E+04 4.2229E+05 5.0227E-04 9.0931E+05 2.3753E+01 1.3487E+04 5.4207E+04 6.NO.9770E+04 1.6686E+02 -2.8790E+05 -6.0566E+05 4.0002 Y-ROTAN 0.4411E+02 5. 10 FOR LOAD CASE 1 12 -1.3665E+04 24 1.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.

com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley. END CONCRETE DESIGN 55.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig. 341.00 / -24.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. DESIGN SLAB 9 12 ELEMENT DESIGN SUMMARY-BASED ON 16mm BARS ----------------------------------------MINIMUM AREAS ARE ACTUAL CODE MIN % REQUIREMENTS.00 / 1 0 ***************************END OF ELEMENT DESIGN************************** 54. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.43 / 0 1 1570.Pro.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co. 25.com * * Asia support@bentley.Example Problem 10 51.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. CODE BRITISH PROGRAM CODE REVISION V1. 260. 260. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. 4No.23 / 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.16mm BARS AT 150mm C/C = 1206mm2/metre FY=250. 6No. 0.00 / 1 0 12 TOP : BOTT: 260.com * * * * North America support@bentley.51 / 0 1 387.21 / 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 / -0. 260. START CONCRETE DESIGN 52.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. 0. REINF (mm2/m) MOM-X /LOAD (kN-m/m) TRANS.16mm BARS AT 250mm C/C = 804mm2/metre ELEMENT LONG.co.5_8110_97/1 53.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley. 90.com * ************************************************************ 91 . PRACTICAL LAYOUTS ARE AS FOLLOWS: FY=460. REINF (mm2/m) MOM-Y /LOAD (kN-m/m) 9 TOP : BOTT: 260.

Application Examples 92 Example Problem 10 NOTES .Part I .

Results of a static and dynamic analysis are combined. The combined results are then used for steel design. 11 Dynamic analysis (Response Spectrum) is performed for a steel structure.Example Problem 11 Example Problem No. 93 .

0 0.0 6.0 0. 2 6.0 3. SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED Fixed supports are specified at joints 1 and 2. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS Every input has to start with the word STAAD.0 6. The word ST stands for standard single section. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 3 3 5 .0 0.0 .0 Joint number followed by X. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. the Z coordinates are all the same. 4 4 6 5 3 4 . in this case.0 5 0. zeros.0 3 0. 6 6. .0 0. Semicolon signs (. Since this is a plane structure.0 0. 4 6.Application Examples 94 Example Problem 11 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.) are used as line separators to allow for input of multiple sets of data on one line. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.Part I . 2 2 4 .0 .0 . MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 4 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 TA ST UB305X165X54 6 TA ST UB203X133X30 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table. 6 5 6 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.0 0.0 0. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 .0 0.0 3.

Prior to this.977E-09 ALL Material constants such as E (modulus of elasticity).2 5 6 UNI Y -22.Example Problem 11 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. Length unit is changed from METER to MMS to facilitate the input. hence downwards.5 3. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -25.0 is meant to indicate that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of global Y. The factor of -1.0 5 CON GY -25.0 1. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above.0 The above command indicates that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global Y direction is part of this load case. GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction while Y indicates local Y direction.5 Load 1 contains member loads also. the length unit is changed to METER for specifying distributed member loads.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76. * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT METER LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS Load case 1 is initiated followed by a title. this will be set to the default which can be found in section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual. Without the above command.0 4. A line starting with an asterisk (*) mark indicates a comment line.8 5 CON GY -37. The 95 . SELFWEIGHT Y -1. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 The number of mode shapes to be considered in dynamic analysis is set to 2.

Z etc. The user has the freedom to restrict one or more directions.0 5 CON GY 37.0 4. This will be a dynamic load case.5 3.8 5 CON GY 25. Permanent masses will be provided in the form of loads. GX and GY indicate that the load. Y and Z) directions if they are active along all three.0 The above commands indicate that the selfweight of the structure acting in the global X and Y directions with a factor of 1. and hence the resulting mass. is capable of vibration along the global X and Y .2 The mass matrix will also consist of terms derived from the above member loads. Y. MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 25.Part I . In a SPACE frame. SELFWEIGHT X 1. * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD.0 4. In a PLANE frame. These masses (in terms of loads) will be considered for the eigensolution.Application Examples 96 Example Problem 11 word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load while CON stands for concentrated load. only X and Y directions need to be considered.) of the loads will correspond to the dynamic degrees of freedom in which the masses are capable of vibrating. hence it is best to specify them as absolute values (without a negative sign).2 5 CON GY 25. Internally. GY is followed by the value of the load and the distance at which it is applied. masses (loads) should be provided in all three (X.0 1. the direction (X.5 3. Also. the program converts these loads to masses. Load case 2 is then initiated along with an optional title.0 1. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING The two lines which begin with the asterisk are comment lines which tell us the purpose of the next load case.8 5 CON GX 37.0 5 CON GX 25.0 is taken into consideration for the mass matrix.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.

Since this spectrum is in terms of ACCeleration (the other possibility being displacement). 4 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (2).75. the sign of the forces cannot be determined. The word CON stands for concentrated load. SPECTRUM CQC X 1.75 2 0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. Concentrated forces of 25. LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0.2m from the start of member 5.05 (5%) and a scale factor of 9. to account for the fact that the force could be positive or negative.05 1.60 The above SPECTRUM command specifies that the modal responses be combined using the CQC method (alternatives being the SRSS method. The scale factor is the quantity by which spectral accelerations (and spectral displacements) must be multiplied by before they are used in the calculations. Load combination case no.). Damping ratio of 0. The values of periods and the corresponding accelerations are given in the last 3 lines.03 1. the spectrum data is given as period vs. 0.00 .2 2. In both cases.80 0. it is necessary to create 2 load combination cases. acceleration.80 .Example Problem 11 directions. 0. 3.5.5 2. Load combination case no. etc.0m and 4. That is what is being done above.806 are used.0. the result is factored by 0.806 0.75 In a response spectrum analysis. and 25 kNs are located at 1.35 0. and hence are absolute numbers.0 1. ABS method.0 ACC DAMP 0.8m.05 SCALE 9. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES 97 .95 . 1. The spectrum effect is in the global X direction with a factor of 1.1 1.75 2 -0. 37. Consequently. 3 consists of the sum of the static load case (1) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (2).

LOAD LIST 1 3 4 PARAMETER CODE BRITISH SELECT ALL A steel design in the form of a member selection is performed based on the rules of the British code. 3 and 4 will be considered for these calculations.Part I . . PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Displacements. The PRINT command instructs the program to print mode shape values. reactions and member forces are recorded in the output file using the above command. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run.Application Examples 98 Example Problem 11 This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. Only the member forces resulting from load cases 1.

95 .0 4. 4.60 LOAD COMBINATION 3 1 0. 47. 4 6. 6 5 6 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 4 TA ST UC254X254X73 5 TA ST UB305X165X54 6 TA ST UB203X133X30 SUPPORTS 1 2 FIXED UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 22. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 3. 2 2 4 . 49. 50. 40.8 5 CON GY 25. 36.75 2 0.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76.75 2 -0. 3 3 5 . 46. 4 4 6 5 3 4 .0 1. 23.Example Problem 11 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.2 SPECTRUM CQC X 1.0 0.0 0.0 5 0.8 5 CON GX 37. 27. 44. Intl. 29.35 0.75 LOAD COMBINATION 4 1 0. 45. 16. 2 6.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GY -25.03 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. LOAD 2 SEISMIC LOADING SELFWEIGHT X 1. 18.0 3 0.0 0.0 5 CON GX 25. 39.75 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT MODE SHAPES P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER 6/ 2 99 .0 1. 20. STAAD PLANE RESPONSE SPECTRUM ANALYSIS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 3. 48. 17.0 6. 41.0 0. 32.00 .0 1. 30.8 5 CON GY -37.0 0. 5.0 0. 0.0 1.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 7. 1.2 5 CON GY 25.0 5 CON GY -25. 2. 25. 24. 51.5 3. 38. 10.0 4. 0. 43.977E-09 ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 2 * LOAD 1 WILL BE STATIC LOAD UNIT METER LOAD 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOADS SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0 0. 21.0 MEMBER LOADS 5 CON GX 25. 19. 15. 26.80 0. 3.5 3.0 5 CON GY 37.5 * NEXT LOAD WILL BE RESPONSE SPECTRUM LOAD * WITH MASSES PROVIDED IN TERMS OF LOAD. 34. 8.0 4.05 1.0 0.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . 12.5 2. 37.0 6. 11. 6.2 5 6 UNI Y -22. 28.0 .2 2. 35. 42. 14.806 0.0 .0 .0 3. 6 6. 31. 9.05 SCALE 9.1 1.80 . 33.0 ACC DAMP 0. 13.

179 19.00000 0.000E+00 0.742E-03 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 RESPONSE LOAD CASE 2 CQC MODAL COMBINATION METHOD USED.00000 0.00400 -0.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 -3.07067 -0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.Part I .051 266.000E+00 0.05000 MODAL BASE ACTIONS FORCES IN KNS LENGTH IN METE ----------------------------------------------------------MOMENTS ARE ABOUT THE ORIGIN MODE PERIOD FX 1 2 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 -2.05000 0.00000 0.00218 -0.863E-03 -2.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.797E-03 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.00000 0.00 0.36730 0.00000 1.74097 1.05145 MODE SHAPES ----------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 MODE X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.00251 -0.00000 0.00 0.798E-03 -2.Application Examples 100 Example Problem 11 TOTAL NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00 0.00000 0.13 3.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.000000E+00 KNS 0.000E+00 0.00251 0.19308 0.58328 1.00400 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.889152E+01 1.000000E+00 KNS 0.58328 0.000E+00 0.00 MZ -854.000E+00 0. DYNAMIC WEIGHT X Y Z 9.000E+00 0.00000 0.889183E+01 MODAL WEIGHT X Y Z 9.66 .00218 0.000E+00 0.00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.00000 0.193 0.00 0.863E-03 -3.437 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.590301E-35 MODE ---- ACCELERATION-G -------------- 1 2 2.000E+00 0.00000 -0.000E+00 0.00 0.889183E+01 9.00000 0.00000 1.797E-03 -2.000000E+00 KNS DAMPING ------0.00282 -0.077470E-04 -9.000E+00 0.742E-03 -9.00282 0.00 0.000E+00 0.00000 0.000E+00 0.000E+00 0.07067 1. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = MODES REQUESTED = 2 EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 8 MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 2 12 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 5.44 FY FZ MX MY 0.889183E+01 MISSING WEIGHT X Y Z -3.798E-03 -9.17 2.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.

0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.09 117.0000 0.00 0.48 133.17 0.0000 0.0042 2.0000 0.0000 0.09 82.0091 -0.0000 -0.00 0.0280 -0.0000 0.39 94.00 -21.80 0.0000 0.00 2.0371 -0.00 --------------------------266.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0063 0.57 250.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 98.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0214 -0.1560 3.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.8148 -1.40 -203.0163 4.89 0.00 0.Example Problem 11 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 2 98.8211 -1.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0060 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0017 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 -0.00 0.0280 -0.00 266.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.76 -171.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0390 0.0063 0.0035 -0.00 0.0000 0.0047 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.197 100.0283 0.0000 0.76 21.00 266.0000 0.0000 0.0000 METE Z X-ROTAN 0.000 0.0000 0.000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.52 59.43 185.0022 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 23.0214 -0.4239 1.20 1.0000 0.52 59.0000 0.00 0.0035 -0.4239 1.18 0.0000 0.0042 2.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0017 0.000 TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL SRSS 10PCT ABS CQC SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR SHEAR BASE SHEAR IN KNS -----------------X Y 266.00 0.0000 0.0371 0.0000 0.0000 0.0283 0.0000 0.61 0.0000 0.0091 -0.0046 0.0000 0.0047 0.11 171.0000 0.43 -82.0060 0.8211 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 LOAD 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 X-TRANS 0.8148 0.0000 0.0144 -0.48 133.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.40 101 .21 -23.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.1048 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0046 0.1048 -3.0000 0.0000 0.39 94.18 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.44 0.00 268.0000 0.89 185.0017 0.0104 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0163 4.0104 -0.18 0.00 0.1292 -3.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.11 203.000 0.00 52.1292 RADIANS) Y-TRANS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0144 -0.0000 0.21 -117.1560 3.0000 0.0017 0.00 0.57 250.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0022 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0390 0.00 183.0000 0.00 183.

95 39.00 0.00 0.12 112.01 0.10 -58.00 0.28 94.00 0.49 46.00 65.00 0.42 28.01 26.00 0.00 0.88 27.00 0.48 133.76 -148.00 0.00 0.07 9.00 0.43 82.52 2 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 185.00 0.21 -82.00 0.04 58.73 32.04 9.95 8.73 -32.50 44.00 0.17 171.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 32.00 0.21 117.78 -23.Application Examples 102 Example Problem 11 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.84 112.07 9.00 0.87 65.16 20.09 133.00 0.11 149.07 59.89 -181.70 -44.48 133.38 9.44 -39.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.49 -28.00 0.39 -93.00 0.00 0.63 -43.00 0.00 0.12 -15.00 0.00 0.Part I . LOAD LIST 1 PARAMETER CODE BRITISH SELECT ALL 3 4 .01 39.44 -26.00 0.32 -69.00 0.53 47.26 -25.00 0.00 0.11 149.00 0.00 0.48 23.85 250.00 0.26 -197.87 -65.16 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 26.00 0.07 59.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 183.49 46.12 15.73 121.13 -46.09 -43.52 -171.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 -181.00 0.21 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 27.95 8.00 -21.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 52.63 8.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 185.95 -26.00 0.41 148.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.03 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 -48.00 0.10 -58.00 0.00 0.00 21.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -183.07 58.38 68.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 9.88 27.00 0.00 0.84 49.12 -28.43 -82.00 0.00 0.43 -117.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 43.00 0.00 0.03 -65. 56.00 0.00 0. 55. 54.21 -117.09 117.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 197.00 65.63 43.00 114.44 0.00 0.00 59.00 0.73 -114.63 -43.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.49 28.17 203.00 -65.42 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 -20.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 27.50 0.40 75.00 0.12 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 70.73 148.00 0.00 0.57 48.09 133.24 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 70.00 0.00 0.35 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 43.37 59.24 -203.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -183.53 0.78 23.00 183.63 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.47 49.47 121.12 2 3 4 2 1 2 3 4 3 1 2 3 4 4 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 6 1 2 3 4 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -15.00 0.00 0.01 -39.73 68.76 148.00 0.32 69.00 0.37 59.07 44.00 0.70 -44.00 0.40 -75.85 250.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 82.53 -68.12 46.39 -93.00 0.48 -23.00 59.00 0.12 15.42 -52.00 0.13 69.00 0.35 25.38 9.00 0.00 0.42 -69.03 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 -68.00 0.00 0.00 0.28 94.00 0.00 0.00 0.73 47.73 -32.

com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Example Problem 11 STAAD.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .00 ANNEX I.00 BS-4.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.00 3 0.co.1 0.551 69.3.KNS MEMBER METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST UC254X254X73 PASS 181.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.551 69. PRESS RESULTS.10 C 4 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 59.co.6 0.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Pro.00 0.12 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.70 C 5 ST UB457X191X82 PASS 15.00 4 - ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 57.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * ************************************************************ 103 .com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.39 C 3 ST UC203X203X46 PASS 46. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.767 203.767 203.00 BS-4.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS.co.00 BS-4.12 T 6 ST UB356X171X45 PASS 32.3. FROM THE UPPER MENU. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.898 197.6 0.00 ANNEX I.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.76 0.76 0.00 3 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD.78 C 2 ST UC254X254X73 PASS 183. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS. IN THE POST PROCESSOR.12 4 3 4 0.3.73 C ANNEX I.6 0. THEN FILE SAVE.com * * * * North America support@bentley.1 0.1 0.12 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.35 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.979 69. UPDATE PROPERTIES.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.

Part I .Application Examples 104 Example Problem 11 NOTES .

as in the case of trucks on a bridge deck. To avoid looking into a lot of output. 12 This example demonstrates generation of load cases for the type of loading known as a moving load. enormous number of load cases may be created resulting in plenty of output to be sorted. The mobile loads are discretized into several individual immobile load cases at discrete positions.Example Problem 12 Example Problem No. 105 . During this process. the maximum force envelope is requested for a few specific members. This type of loading occurs classically when the load-causing units move on the structure.

Part I .Application Examples 106 Example Problem 12 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. zeros. The number of repetitions to be carried out is provided after the R A command and the member increment and joint increment are defined as 11 and 6 respectively. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 7. the Y coordinates are all the same. With the repeat (R) command. in this case. UNITS METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. The first line generates joints 1 through 6. The fourth number indicates the final member number upto which they will be generated. Since this is a floor structure. Y and Z increments of 0. Repeat all (abbreviated as R A) will create members by repeating the member incidence pattern of the previous 11 members.0 & 9 respectively. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 60 TA ST UB305X165X40 . the coordinates of the next 30 joints are generated by repeating the pattern of the coordinates of the first 6 joints 5 times with X.0 Joint number followed by X. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The fifth line of input defines the member incidences for members 56 to 60.5 0 0 R 5 0 0 9. The word FLOOR signifies that the structure is a floor structure and the geometry is defined through X and Z axis.

SELF Y -1.0 DISTANCE 3. LOAD 1 Load case 1 is initiated.0 The characteristics of the vehicle are defined above in METER and KNS units.977E-09 ALL UNIT METER KNS Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity).0 1. The above lines represent the first out of two sets of data required in moving load generation. Poisson’s ratio and DENsity are specified above following a change in the units of length from METER to MMS. WIDTH is the spacing in the transverse direction. DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 90.5 WIDTH 3. A pinned support is one which can resist only translational forces. The word ST stands for standard single section. such as a truck. The type number (1) is a label for identification of the load-causing unit. that is. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED Pinned supports are specified at the above joints. 3 axles (90 90 45) are specified with the LOAD command. it is the distance between the 2 prongs of an axle of the truck.0 107 .0 45. UNITS MMS CONSTANTS E 210.Example Problem 12 Properties for all members are assigned from the British steel table.0 90. The spacing between the axles in the direction of movement (longitudinal direction) is specified after the DISTANCE command.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76.

0) global Y direction is the only component of load case 1. Y and Z location of the reference load (see section 5. ZI 3. For the first of these load cases.0 This constitutes the second of the two sets of data required for moving load generation. . PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 A maximum force envelope consisting of the highest forces for each degree of freedom on the listed members will be written into the output file. FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. 0.0m denotes that the vehicle moves along the Z direction and the individual positions which are 3. the X.Part I . 10 load cases are generated using the Type 1 vehicle whose characteristics were described earlier. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis and print the values and positions of all the generated load cases. The Z Increment of 3.31.Application Examples 108 Example Problem 12 Selfweight of the structure acting in the negative (due to the factor -1.1 of the Technical Reference Manual) have been specified after the command TYPE 1.25 0. LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 2.0m apart will be used to generate the remaining 9 load cases.

977E-09 ALL UNIT METER KNS DEFINE MOVING LOAD TYPE 1 LOAD 90. 10.0000 -45.00 3.50 4. 12.5 0 0 R 5 0 0 9.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = 124. 18. 0.25 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 17.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 7 6 7 1 2 11 R A 4 11 6 56 31 32 60 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 60 TA ST UB305X165X40 SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 31 TO 36 PINNED UNITS MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 5. 15.0000 -45.0000 -45. 11. 23. 9.00 3.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL DEN 76.75 3. 2. 7.0 DISTANCE 3.0 45. STAAD FLOOR A SIMPLE BRIDGE DECK UNITS METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 6 7.0000 -90. 16. 13.Example Problem 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.5 WIDTH 3.5000 -22. 21.0 LOAD GENERATION 10 TYPE 1 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 27. 22.0000 -22. 19. 25.0 1.5000 -22. 8.00 3.50 4.00 4.UNIT KNS MEMBER 8 10 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -90. 24.50 4. 28. 6. 4. 26.391 KNS LOADING 2 ----------MEMBER LOAD . 3.0 90. ZI 3.75 0. 14.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 60/ 12 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 11.50 LIN1 LIN2 96 109 . 20.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0. Intl.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.5000 -22.0000 -45.

50 1.00 6.50 1.00 6.50 7.5000 -22.0000 -45.0000 -45.UNIT KNS GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -45.0000 -45.00 3.0000 -45.0000 -45.5000 UDL LIN1 6.0000 -22.50 7.00 6.00 6.00 6.5000 -22.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.0000 -22.00 7.5000 -22.5000 -22.5000 -22.0000 -45.0000 -45.5000 -22.0000 -45.00 3.75 0.Application Examples 110 Example Problem 12 LOADING 3 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 4.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 3.5000 -22.5000 -22.0000 -90.0000 -22.50 METE L2 CON -45.0000 -45.5000 LOADING 4 ----------MEMBER LOAD .UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 4 -45.00 3.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 3.UNIT KNS L METE 3 2 5 4 19 21 14 13 16 15 MEMBER CON L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.00 7.50 .0000 -45.0000 -45.50 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -90.00 6.50 7.00 0.Part I .5000 -22.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 L2 UDL L1 MEMBER 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 L2 L1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 3.00 6.00 6.5000 LOADING 5 ----------MEMBER LOAD .5000 -22.50 4.0000 -90.50 1.50 METE 19 21 14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15 LOADING 6 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.50 4.75 1.50 7.0000 -45.00 3.0000 -22.5000 -22.5000 -22.75 3.50 7.0000 -45.0000 -90.50 7.50 4.75 0.00 6.0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 6.00 3.00 6.00 3.00 3.

0000 -90.50 METE 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 LOADING 10 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 6.00 3.0000 -45.0000 -90.00 6.50 1.5000 -22.UNIT KNS L METE 30 32 25 24 27 26 25 24 27 26 MEMBER CON L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.75 1.5000 -22.5000 -22.00 4.75 0.00 6.75 0.5000 -22.50 1.50 1.0000 -45.0000 -22.5000 -22.00 6.00 6.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 L2 UDL L1 MEMBER L2 25 24 27 26 41 43 36 35 38 37 L1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 LIN1 LIN2 6.0000 -45.5000 LOADING 8 ----------MEMBER LOAD .0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -45.00 6.50 7.0000 -22.5000 -22.00 0.5000 -22.00 6.0000 -22.0000 -90.0000 -45.5000 -22.0000 -45.00 3.50 1.0000 -45.75 0.5000 LOADING 9 ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 7.50 4.50 1.50 111 .0000 -45.0000 -45.0000 -90.75 1.50 1.00 3.0000 -45.00 6.50 METE L2 CON -45.0000 -45.00 3.00 3.00 3.5000 -22.00 6.5000 -22.50 4.UNIT KNS GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -90.0000 -45.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 6.5000 -22.0000 -90.50 4.50 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY CON -45.0000 -45.00 7.Example Problem 12 LOADING 7 ----------MEMBER LOAD .00 6.0000 -22.5000 -22.5000 UDL LIN1 0.50 7.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 14 13 16 15 30 32 25 24 27 26 -45.00 0.75 3.

00 0.34 0.0000 -45.co. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.00 3.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.75 3.5000 -22.84 0.5000 -22.00 9.00 0.00 1 0.00 0.00 1.0000 -45.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 9.00 3.03 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.50 10 1 11 11 9.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.50 5 1 10 11 0.50 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.00 1 0.00 0.5000 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 0.00 -18.75 1.16 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.50 11 0.0000 -90. PRINT MAXFORCE ENVELOP LIST 3 41 42 MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE --------------------ALL UNITS ARE KNS METE MAX AND MIN FORCE VALUES AMONGST ALL SECTION LOCATIONS MEMB 3 MAX MIN 41 MAX MIN FY/ FZ DIST DIST 81.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 4.00 -0.00 11 0.Pro.50 4.Part I .00 0.76 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.50 5 1 10 11 42 MAX MIN LD LD MZ/ MY DIST DIST LD LD FX DIST LD 0.50 1.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 9.0000 -22.00 -504.com * ************************************************************ .50 4.75 0.50 1 1 1 11 9.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.50 11 ********** END OF FORCE ENVELOPE FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ********** 30.00 4 1 5 11 73.30 0.00 1.00 -134.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.17 0.00 0.30 0.18 0.co.00 9.00 1.50 0.00 3 1 3 11 0.50 1.24 0.00 -31.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL METE L1 L2 41 43 36 35 38 37 36 35 38 37 CON -90.48 0.Application Examples 112 Example Problem 12 LOADING 11 ----------MEMBER LOAD .50 1.5000 -22.00 0.00 1.00 -147.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.co.00 0.0000 -45.00 9.50 4.36 0.0000 -45.00 1 0.00 3.00 0.

The shape is generated on the basis of displacements at the ends plus several intermediate points of the members. The dashed line represents the deflected shape of the structure.Example Problem 13 Example Problem No. 113 . 13 Calculation of displacements at intermediate points of members of a plane frame is demonstrated in this example.

STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT Every input has to start with the word STAAD. 2 2 3 . The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame structure and the geometry is defined through X and Y axes. 4 6 0. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are provided after the length unit is changed from METER to MMS. 3 3 4 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to.) are used as line separators which allows us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. the Z coordinates need not be provided. Since this is a plane structure. Semicolon signs (. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 TABLE ST UC203X203X46 2 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 Member properties are specified from the British steel table.Application Examples 114 Example Problem 13 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .5 . .5 .Part I . UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 4. The word ST stands for standard single section. Joint number followed by X and Y coordinates are provided above. 2 0. 3 6 4.

GY indicates that the load is in the global Y direction. FX indicates that the load is a force in the global X direction. * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT * DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS * CONSIDERING EVERY TWELFTH INTERMEDIATE * POINT (THAT IS TOTAL OF 13 POINTS).0 Load 1 contains a member load also. PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -45.0 Load 1 contains a joint load of 25KN at node 2. UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND Load case 1 is initiated followed by an optional title. THESE * DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (UNDEFLECTED * POSITION) OF CORRESPONDING TWELFTH * POINTS. The word UNI stands for uniformly distributed load. 115 . 4 PINNED A fixed support is specified at Joint 1 and a pinned support at Joint 4.Example Problem 13 SUPPORT 1 FIXED . JOINT LOAD 2 FX 25. PRINT MEMBER FORCES The above PRINT command is self-explanatory.

FINISH This command terminates the STAAD run. . * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.Part I . * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT Above PRINT command is explained in the comment lines above.Application Examples 116 Example Problem 13 * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.

* * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4 MEMBER INCIDENCE 1 1 2 .16 -148. 27.03 0.03 3 1 3 4 148.00 33. 22.34 121. THESE DISPLACEMENTS ARE MEASURED IN GLOBAL X 117 . Intl. 3. 28.00 26. 2 0. 29. 12. 4.00 0.34 -23.00 0.0 MEMBER LOAD 2 UNI GY -45. 2 2 3 . STAAD PLANE TEST FOR SECTION DISPLACEMENT UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 .08 2 1 2 3 23. 19.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 121.08 -105.66 -1.5 . 3 3 4 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 3 TABLE ST UC203X203X46 2 TABLE ST UB305X165X40 UNIT MMS CONSTANTS E 210. 26. 13. 9. 15.00 0. 16. 4 PINNED UNIT METER LOADING 1 DEAD + LIVE + WIND JOINT LOAD 2 FX 25. 3 6 4.16 23. 18.00 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 105.00 0.00 0. 14.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS 6 0. 25.00 0.00 0. 10. 5.16 0.Example Problem 13 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED . 6. 7. 2. 8. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 7 23.00 0.34 0. P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.5 .84 1. 17. 11.84 148.00 0. 4. PRINT MEMBER FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -. * * * * * * FOLLOWING PRINT COMMAND WILL PRINT DISPLACEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS CONSIDERING EVERY TWELFTH INTERMEDIATE POINT (THAT IS TOTAL OF 13 POINTS).00 0.34 -23.55 -26. 20.00 0. 21.00 0.66 0.84 -121.

3858 0.2820 3.0541 2.0445 -1.0445 AT -0.0334 -0.0090 0.0000 0.2744 3.0982 0.0405 -0.0185 -0.0496 -0.0000 0.0000 0.1513 -0.0213 2.6669 3.0000 232 0.0000 1.0000 0. * PRINT SECTION DISPLACEMENT MEMBER SECTION DISPLACEMENTS ---------------------------UNIT =INCHES FOR FPS AND CM FOR METRICS/SI SYSTEM MEMB LOAD 1 1 MAX LOCAL 2 1 MAX LOCAL 3 1 MAX LOCAL GLOBAL X.2809 3.5396 3.2712 3.0000 572 0.0000 0.0000 0.6659 3.0000 0.Z DISPL FROM START TO END JOINTS AT 1/12TH PTS 0. 40.42206 AT 0.50 0.0135 -0. * THE LOCATION OF MAXIMUM INTERMEDIATE * DISPLACEMENT IS DETERMINED.0541 -0.1593 -1.0000 0.0000 0.1853 1.0000 300.0037 -0.0111 -0.0000 0.2787 3.0180 -0.0000 0.5847 -2.2842 DISP = 0.7785 LOAD -0.0000 0. * * MAX LOCAL DISPLACEMENT IS ALSO PRINTED.0000 DISP = 0.Application Examples 118 Example Problem 13 30.0000 0. THIS VALUE IS * MEASURED FROM ABOVE LOCATION TO THE * STRAIGHT LINE JOINING START AND END * JOINTS OF THE DEFLECTED MEMBER.78661 3.0000 187.0260 -0.0148 -0.5784 LOAD L/DISP= -0.2722 LOAD 1 3.6354 1. 34.3120 3. 32. 33.0000 0.0360 -0.5494 3.0000 316 .1563 1.0000 0. 37.0000 0.3906 -2.0000 0.6839 0.0000 0.8555 1.0074 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.9446 -2.2831 3. 41.0371 -0.0000 0.0408 1 3. 39.0000 0.7006 -0.7367 -1.0000 0.0000 -0.3302 2.0000 0. 35.0315 -0. * Y Z COORDINATE SYSTEM AND THE VALUES * ARE FROM ORIGINAL COORDINATES (UNDEFLECTED * POSITION) OF CORRESPONDING TWELFTH * POINTS.0000 0. 36.0000 0.0225 -0.0000 0.3527 -2.2755 3.5983 1.0000 0.1440 0.00 0.2777 3.0222 -0.2766 3.5758 L/DISP= -0.57707 3.2842 3.0250 0.6264 -2.2188 0. 31. 42.4789 -1.0451 -0.2712 DISP = AT -0.0000 0.2733 3.0045 1 ************ END OF SECT DISPL RESULTS *********** L/DISP= 0.0000 225.0000 0.0000 0.Y.Part I .0270 -0.8855 2. 38.5000 2.2798 3.0000 0.0297 -0.0000 0.

co.com * * Asia support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.co.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * ************************************************************ 119 .com * * * * North America support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro.Example Problem 13 43.

Application Examples 120 Example Problem 13 NOTES .Part I .

Example Problem 14 Example Problem No. A P-Delta analysis is peformed to obtain the secondary effects of the lateral and vertical loads acting simultaneously. 14 A space frame is analyzed for seismic loads. The seismic loads are generated using the procedures of the 1994 UBC Code. 49 50 53 51 54 57 62 60 63 33 64 34 37 35 38 44 47 48 18 17 19 22 20 23 26 25 24 27 30 29 40 43 46 21 36 39 42 41 45 56 59 58 61 52 55 28 31 32 Y Z 1 X 2 5 9 13 3 6 10 14 4 7 8 11 15 12 16 121 .

coordinates of joints 1 through 4 are generated by taking advantage of the fact that they are equally spaced. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 10. Y and Z coordinates of the joints are specified here. UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used. First. The REPEAT ALL command will then repeat 3 times.5 REPEAT ALL 3 0 3. the REPEAT ALL command command is used to repeat the pattern and generate incidences for members 113 through 136.Application Examples 122 Example Problem 14 STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD Every input has to start with the word STAAD. the pattern of joints 1 to 16 to generate joints 17 to 64. MEMBER INCIDENCES * beams in x direction 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * beams in z direction 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * columns 301 1 17 348 Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame. A similar logic is used in specification of incidences of members 201 .5 0 The X.Part I . Following the specification of incidences for members 101 to 112. Then.5 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3. this pattern is REPEATed 3 times with a Z increment of 3.5 m for each repetition to generate joints 5 to 16.

members incidences of columns 301 to 348 are specified. The first stage is initiated with the command DEFINE UBC LOAD. and. Here we specify parameters such as Zone factor. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0. The user may see these values with the help of the command PRINT MATERIAL PROPERTIES following the above commands. site coefficient for soil characteristics etc. Importance factor.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 7.40 ZD 0.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1.Example Problem 14 through 212 and generation of incidences for members 213 to 236. 123 . CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 In the specification of material constants. Finally.2 I 1.0 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 3. the default built-in values are used. SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED Indicates the joints where the supports are located as well as the type of support restraints.5 There are two stages in the command specification of the UBC loads.30 301 TO 348 TA ST UB457X152X52 The beam members have prismatic member property specification (YD & ZD) while the columns (members 301 to 348) have their properties called from the built-in BRITISH steel table. DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.5 CT 0.

75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. deadweight is also added to the same load case.Application Examples 124 Example Problem 14 the vertical loads (weights) from which the base shear will be calculated. PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We are requesting a second-order analysis by specifying the command PDELTA ANALYSIS. The vertical loads may be specified in the form of selfweight. .5 In load case 2. the UBC load is being applied in the Z direction.Part I . Since we will be doing second-order (PDELTA) analysis. it is important that we include horizontal and vertical loads in the same load case. It is important to note that these vertical loads are used purely in the determination of the horizontal base shear only.5 This is the second stage in which the UBC load is applied with the help of a load case number. Vertical loads too are part of this case.0 49 TO 64 FY -3. Along with the UBC load.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY –7. the structure is not analysed for these vertical loads.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. corresponding direction (X in the above case) and a factor by which the generated horizontal loads should be multiplied.0 49 TO 64 FY –3.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. PRINT LOAD DATA is used to obtain a report of all the applied and generated loadings. LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0. Member weights are not shown in this example. joint weights and/or member weights. In other words.

125 .Example Problem 14 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS FINISH The above commands are self-explanatory.

5 LOAD 1 UBC LOAD X 0.5 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * BEAMS IN X DIRECTION 101 17 18 103 104 21 22 106 107 25 26 109 110 29 30 112 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * BEAMS IN Z DIRECTION 201 17 21 204 205 21 25 208 209 25 29 212 REPEAT ALL 2 12 16 * COLUMNS 301 1 17 348 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 PRIS YD 0. 51. 11. 38. 32.5 CT 0. 10.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. 36. 48. 30.40 ZD 0. 24. 39.5 REPEAT ALL 3 0 3. STAAD SPACE EXAMPLE PROBLEM FOR UBC LOAD UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 10. 34. 16. 50. 20. 19. 21.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 44.30 301 TO 348 TA ST UB457X152X52 CONSTANT E STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 E CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 POISSON STEEL MEMB 301 TO 348 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 101 TO 136 201 TO 236 SUPPORT 1 TO 16 FIXED DEFINE UBC LOAD ZONE 0.Part I . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 288 . 27.0 JOINT LOADS 17 TO 48 FY -7. 42. 41. 29.0 49 TO 64 FY -3.0 RWX 9 RWZ 9 S 1. 49. 47. 5.75 SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 9.5 PDELTA ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 64/ 120/ 16 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2. 45.5 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3. 37. 14. 8. 18. 35. 43. 40.0 49 TO 64 WEIGHT 3. 28. 6. Intl. 7.0 49 TO 64 FY -3.5 LOAD 2 UBC LOAD Z 0. 22. 4.Application Examples 126 Example Problem 14 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.2 I 1. 17. 26. 46. 33. 3. 25.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 31. 23. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 12. 13. 2.032 SELFWEIGHT JOINT WEIGHT 17 TO 48 WEIGHT 7. 15.

00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.50 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.UNIT KNS 798.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.454 KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 127 .00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 14 LOADING 1 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.91 KNS * * * *********************************************************** .00 0.00 0.000 ACTUAL WEIGHT OF THE STRUCTURE = JOINT LOAD .Part I .00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 -7.000 * * C = 2.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 **WARNING: IF THIS UBC/IBC ANALYSIS HAS TENSION/COMPRESSION OR REPEAT LOAD OR RE-ANALYSIS OR SELECT OPTIMIZE.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0. THEN EACH UBC/IBC CASE SHOULD BE FOLLOWED BY PERFORM ANALYSIS & CHANGE.00 0.46 = 65.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.454 KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7500.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -3.00 -7.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.455 Tb = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. *********************************************************** * * * X DIRECTION : Ta = 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0611 x 1078.00 0.285 Tuser = 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.UNIT KNS 798.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. LOAD FACTOR = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 -7.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 -3.Application Examples 128 Example Problem 14 LOADING 2 ----------SELFWEIGHT Y -1.

449 0.Example Problem 14 *********************************************************** * * * Z DIRECTION : Ta = 0.166 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KNS -METE) FACTOR --------- 1 0.000 0.000 0.135 1.386 1.000 0.500 METE 1.000 0.386 1.000 0.135 0.000 0.568 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.000 0.000 0.743 1.000 0.000 0.030 ----------TOTAL = 22.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.083 0.000 METE FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.568 0.000 0.386 1.898 ----------TOTAL = 18.7500.373 1.000 0.000 ----------0.750 0.743 1.743 1.568 0.181 129 .386 1.568 0.46 = 65.449 ----------TOTAL = 9.103 Tuser = 0.898 1.030 1.687 0.449 0.000 0.135 1.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 3.687 0.386 1.000 ----------0.898 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.568 0.000 0.135 0.568 0.000 AT LEVEL 7.000 0.000 0.743 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.030 1.449 0.000 0.030 1.568 0.000 0.000 0.455 Tb = 1.687 0.000 0.500 METE FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.000 0.000 0.568 0.000 0.386 1.135 0.135 1.0611 x 1078.135 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.386 1.135 1.000 * * C = 2.373 1. LOAD FACTOR = 0.386 1.000 0.000 0.687 0.898 1.373 1.000 0.000 0.750 * * UBC TYPE = 94 * * UBC FACTOR V = 0.000 ----------0.373 1.91 KNS * * * *********************************************************** JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KNS ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX FX 0.

000 0.000 0.373 1.750 0.000 0.135 0.000 0.568 0.000 0.898 1.386 1.135 1.500 METE FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.166 MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY TORSIONAL LOAD MOMENT (KNS -METE) FACTOR --------- 2 0.386 1.568 0.135 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.386 1.568 0.687 0.083 0.000 0.135 1.000 ----------0.135 0.000 0.000 0.568 0.030 1.000 0.000 0.743 1.449 ----------TOTAL = 9.000 0.030 1.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 7.000 0.386 1.000 0.386 1.000 0.000 0.898 1.000 0.386 1.000 ----------0.000 0.373 1.373 1.000 0.000 0.000 0.898 ----------TOTAL = 18.000 0.030 ----------TOTAL = 22.000 0.743 1.000 0.568 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 10.568 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS .000 0.Part I .449 0.743 1.386 1.000 0.687 0.030 1.386 1.000 0.000 0.000 AT LEVEL 3.135 1.687 0.000 0.Application Examples 130 Example Problem 14 JOINT LATERAL LOAD (KNS ) ------- ----17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ 0.687 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.135 1.000 0.568 0.898 1.000 0.000 0.000 ----------0.568 0.000 0.373 1.449 0.449 0.000 0.181 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 52.743 1.000 0.500 METE 1.135 1.000 METE FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ FZ MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY MY 0.

26 -0.45 43.60 83.83 -0.00 0.00 0.22 0.52 83.49 5.51 0.11 -0.01 -5.co.49 5.45 -3.01 -5.83 -0.00 0.03 -0.06 -3.79 57.82 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.75 0.01 -3.94 0.00 0.12 -0.00 0.06 -3.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.12 -0.95 73.00 0.49 7.01 -3.01 -3.00 0.60 76.49 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 53.45 -3.81 85.76 73.02 7.55 56.01 -3.62 0.14 0.01 -3.06 -3.01 -3.08 -0.06 0.02 6.51 0.07 -5.31 0.80 -0.82 0.36 41.01 -3.61 -0.11 0.07 -5.62 0.75 -0.06 -3.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.01 -3.01 -5.45 -3.00 0.29 0.00 0.11 -0.45 -2.11 0.49 5.07 -5.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 131 .Pro.42 -0.06 -3.02 -0.01 -3.01 -5.80 0.00 0.76 -0.95 65.21 -0.00 0.76 65.06 0.01 -5.96 -0.35 56.00 0.06 65.12 59.81 0.12 64.90 43. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.co.01 -5.75 -0.02 -0.00 0.45 -2.00 0.01 -3.14 -0.42 -0.06 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.79 64.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.02 7.01 -3.29 0.45 -3.12 41.12 57.00 0.52 76.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 -0.07 -5.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.76 -0.com * * Europe support@bentley.95 88.03 0.01 -5.06 -3.40 0.co.02 6.21 -0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.02 6.49 7.18 80.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.53 -0.01 -3.07 -5.22 0.02 7.07 -5.00 0.06 -3.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.35 73.81 0.00 0.40 0.Example Problem 14 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -2.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.31 0.01 -3.00 5.55 73.07 -5.43 62.11 0.81 62.01 -3.01 -3.49 7.43 65.26 -0.07 -5.96 -0.18 88.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.14 0.02 7.00 0.45 -2.94 0.00 0.00 0.06 -3.00 0.00 0.53 -0.11 -0.49 7. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.01 -3.61 0.02 6.95 80.00 0.01 -5.73 0.73 0.00 0.75 -0.08 -0.90 85.36 59.

Part I .Application Examples 132 Example Problem 14 NOTES .

15 A space frame is analyzed for loads generated using the built-in wind and floor load generation facilities.Example Problem 15 Example Problem No. 17 18 22 32 19 23 34 20 21 24 33 35 22 23 25 24 26 11 10 9 12 13 14 16 15 10 17 9 27 12 13 19 28 15 20 14 11 18 29 31 30 16 21 3 2 1 4 Y 5 6 7 1 Z 4 6 8 2 X 5 7 8 3 133 .

Y and Z coordinates of the JOINTs. MEMBER INCIDENCES * Columns 1 1 9 16 * Beams in the X direction 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * Beams in the Z direction 27 9 12 .5 m. 29 10 13 . 28 12 14 . 30 13 15 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000 2400 3900 4004 5404 6008 7408 8908 REPEAT ALL 2 0 3. 35 21 23 .5 0 The JOINT COORDINATE specification is used to specify the X. 31 11 16 32 17 20 . 36 19 24 . The SPACE specification is used to denote a SPACE frame.WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION This is a SPACE frame analysis problem. Note that the REPEAT ALL command has been used to generate JOINTs for the two upper storeys each with a Y increment of 3.Part I . UNIT METER KNS The UNIT specification is used to specify the length and/or force units to be used. 34 18 21 . Every STAAD input has to start with the command STAAD. 33 20 22 .Application Examples 134 Example Problem 15 STAAD SPACE .

In this case. Three different sections have been used. distributed loads on members. CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL The CONSTANT specification is used to specify material properties. or pressure loads on plates.0 EXPOSURE 0.Example Problem 15 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities.0 1. the built-in default values have been used. and converts them to values that can then be used as 135 . SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ The SUPPORTs of the structure are defined through the SUPPORT specification. This utility takes wind pressure at various heights as the input.0 EXPOSURE 0.5 7. The large number of calculations involved in this conversion can be avoided by making use of STAAD’s wind load generation utility. DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 1.85 JOINT 9 12 14 When a structure has to be analysed for wind loading. Here all the supports are FIXED with RELEASES specified in the MX (rotation about global X-axis) and MZ (rotation about global Z-axis) directions. the engineer is confronted with the task of first converting an abstract quantity like wind velocity or wind pressure into concentrated loads at joints.90 YRANGE 6.5 HEIGHT 3. MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 16 TA ST UB457X191X74 17 TO 26 TA ST UB457X152X52 27 TO 36 TA ST UB457X152X52 Properties for all members are specified from the built-in BRITISH steel table.0 8.

5 In load case 2 in this problem.0 4. The term WIND LOAD and the direction term that follows are used to specify the WIND LOADING in a particular lateral direction.6 FLOAD –5. a pressure load (force per unit area) is converted by the program into specific points forces .0 8.6 FLOAD –2. In this example. the joints may be specified directly or through a vertical range specification.Part I . is being applied in the global X-direction with a positive multiplication factor of 1.0 ZRANGE 0.5m and 3. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system.5 KN/sq. Each wind category is identified with a TYPE number (an identification mark) which is used later to specify load cases.0 XRANGE 0.9 7. 12 and 14. WIND loading TYPE 1. LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1.0 KN/sq. The first EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0. The EXPOSURE specification is used to mitigate or magnify the effect at specific nodes due to special considerations like openings in the structure.Application Examples 136 Example Problem 15 concentrated forces known as joint loads in specific load cases.5 to 7.0 8. defined previously.4 3. The second EXPOSURE specification specifies the exposure factor as 0.0m – 8.4 3.5M AND 7M FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 3.85 for joints 9. LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3.5 XRANGE 4.0m. In a floor load generation. a floor load generation is performed. The input specification is done in two stages. m) are specified for two different height zones (0 to 3. The basic parameters of the WIND loading are specified here. two different wind intensities (1. In this case.2 TYPE 1 This is the second stage of input specification for the wind load generation. The first stage is initiated above through the DEFINE WIND LOAD command.0m).0 9.1 FLOAD –2. In the EXPOSURE factor specification. m and 1.2 .0 ZRANGE 0. In this case.0 YRANGE 6.0 YRANGE 3.9 for all joints within the height range (defined as global Y-range) of 6. two different exposure factors are specified.

The FLOAD specification is used to specify the value of that pressure.0 m and ZRANGE of 0. 137 .0 KN/sq. The program will identify the members lying within the specified region and derive MEMBER LOADS on these members based on two-way load distribution. the region is defined as being located within the bounds YRANGE of 3. All values need to be provided in the current UNIT system. in the first line in the above FLOOR LOAD specification. For example.0 .Example Problem 15 and distributed forces on the members located in that region. The –5. XRANGE and ZRANGE specifications are used to define the area of the structure on which the pressure is acting.8.4.4 – 3.0 .6 m.0 signifies that the pressure is 5. in the negative global Y direction. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION FINISH Above commands are self-explanatory. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA We can view the values and position of the generated loads with the help of the PRINT LOAD DATA command used above along with the PERFORM ANALYSIS command. The YRANGE. XRANGE of 0.m.0 m.

Part I . 5.6 FLOAD -2.9 7. 38. 2.0 ZRANGE 0. 33 20 22 . 23. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 28 12 14 . YRANGE 6. 31.0 1.5 HEIGHT 3.4 Note 6. 24. 25.0 EXPOSURE 0.32.0 8. 16. 7.Application Examples 138 Example Problem 15 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 20.0 EXPOSURE 0. 8. Intl.6 FLOAD -5. 34 18 21 . 29 10 13 . 19. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT LOAD DATA . 4.85 JOINT 9 12 14 LOAD 1 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION WIND LOAD X 1. 37. 44.0 XRANGE 0.4 3.5 48. YRANGE 3. 14. 17. 46.0 **WARNING** about Floor/OneWay Loads/Weights. 36 19 24 MEMBER PROPERTIES BRITISH 1 TO 16 TA ST UB457X191X74 17 TO 26 TA ST UB457X152X52 27 TO 36 TA ST UB457X152X52 CONSTANT E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 8 FIXED BUT MX MZ DEFINE WIND LOAD TYPE 1 INTENSITY 1. Please note that depending on the shape of the floor you may have to break up the FLOOR/ONEWAY LOAD into multiple commands.0 9. 30. 36.90 YRANGE 6. 29.5 7. For details please refer to Technical Reference Manual Section 5. 21.0 8.5 XRANGE 4. 31 11 16 32 17 20 .4 3. 42. 26. 32. 6. 30 13 15 .0 8. 28. STAAD SPACE . 22. 27.5 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES * COLUMNS 1 1 9 16 * BEAMS IN THE X DIRECTION 17 9 10 18 19 12 13 20 14 15 21 22 17 18 23 24 20 21 25 22 23 26 * BEAMS IN THE Z DIRECTION 27 9 12 .Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 4. 39. 11.0 ZRANGE 0. 10.0 47. 34. 3. 12.WIND AND FLOOR LOAD GENERATION UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 2 4 0 0 3 9 0 0 4 0 0 4 5 4 0 4 6 0 0 8 7 4 0 8 8 9 0 8 REPEAT ALL 2 0 3. 43. 13. 35. 33.2 TYPE 1 LOAD 2 FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3. 18. 40. 9. 41. 15. 45.5M AND 7M FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 3.1 FLOAD -2. 35 21 23 .

34 5.0938 -1.63 1.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 112 WIND LOAD IN X-DIRECTION JOINT LOAD .13 1.7812 -0.00 0.3438 -2.00 0.37 3.17 0.7188 -2.7812 -1.39 0.37 3.17 0.00 0.00 0.4062 -1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -0.0312 -1.83 0.61 3.4062 -1.88 2.0312 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.0312 -2.4688 -0.85 8.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 1.0938 -0.63 0.7188 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 15 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 24/ 36/ 8 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = LOADING 1 ----------- 2.7188 -1.38 1.00 0.00 0.63 LIN1 LIN2 139 .00 0.37 2.67 11.00 0.17 0.63 0.00 0.13 1.4688 -0.3438 -2.83 0.7188 -2.00 0.3438 -2.93 5.00 0.0938 -1.67 0.62 2.3438 -2.00 0.00 0.63 1.00 0.40 4.87 3.20 8.00 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.1563 -0.0938 -1.4062 -1.00 0.4688 -0.00 0.87 3.00 0.88 2.4062 -1.00 0.12 3.0938 -0.00 0.00 0.7188 -2.1563 -0.00 0.UNIT KNS METE JOINT FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 4 6 9 12 14 17 20 22 4.0312 -2.12 2.1563 -0.00 0.12 3.00 LOADING 2 ----------- FLOOR LOAD @ Y = 3.00 0.39 0.0312 -1.4688 -0.00 0.00 0.88 1.00 0.37 2.12 2.00 0.7812 -1.00 0.39 0.1563 -0.00 0.93 17.00 0.00 0.4688 -0.5M AND 7M MEMBER LOAD .61 3.00 0.1563 -0.38 1.88 1.38 1.20 8.4062 -1.00 0.00 0.62 2.7812 -1.7812 -0.13 1.

83 0.0312 -2.1563 -0.17 0.4688 -0.4688 -0.Application Examples 140 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .39 0.0312 -2.63 1.17 0.39 0.63 1.13 1.62 2.87 LIN1 LIN2 .61 3.37 3.0938 -1.12 3.4062 -1.4062 -1.0312 -2.4688 -0.7812 -0.7188 -2.4062 -1.7812 -0.1563 -0.37 2.37 2.3438 -2.7188 -1.62 2.37 3.7812 -1.0938 -1.4062 -1.39 0.4062 -1.0938 -1.3438 -2.83 0.37 2.1563 -0.7188 -1.4062 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 1.38 1.Part I .37 3.3438 -2.3438 -2.7812 -1.0938 -0.4688 -0.3438 -2.7188 -2.7812 -1.0312 -1.4688 -0.7812 -1.7188 -1.12 2.12 3.37 2.87 3.0312 -1.88 1.3438 -2.12 3.88 1.4688 -0.61 3.7812 -0.12 2.13 1.1563 -0.87 3.87 3.83 0.63 0.4688 -0.7812 -0.3438 -2.0312 -1.37 2.4688 -0.63 1.7188 -2.62 2.62 2.0312 -1.4062 -1.63 0.38 1.7188 -1.1563 -0.62 2.38 1.0938 -0.3438 -2.63 0.0312 -2.0938 -0.0938 -1.61 3.12 2.17 0.88 2.17 0.1563 -0.4062 -1.88 2.12 2.7188 -2.37 3.3438 -2.12 3.12 2.7188 -1.87 3.88 2.3438 -2.63 1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 UDL L1 METE L2 CON -2.0312 -1.63 0.4062 -1.88 2.88 1.38 1.0938 -0.88 2.1563 -0.1563 -0.39 0.13 1.88 1.83 0.13 1.61 3.

8311 5.5869 -1.51 4.1221 -0.0986 -0.88 2.37 2.21 0.1221 -0.1221 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 3.4688 -0.1221 -0.62 2.72 2.0938 -1.8311 -1.41 1.28 6.51 4.65 2.37 3.4062 -1.61 3.96 6.59 3.61 3.7188 -1.6104 -0.79 1.0938 -0.65 2.7812 -0.1221 -0.04 2.0986 -0.49 0.2500 GY METE L1 2.50 L2 CON -1.96 3.3662 -0.59 3.21 7.7188 -2.0986 -1.0986 -1.3428 -1.21 0.59 6.49 0.28 3.38 1.13 1.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .79 0.1563 -0.21 4.5869 -1.3662 -0.63 1.79 1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 20 20 20 20 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 UDL -6.3428 -1.8311 -1.90 7.6104 -0.8545 -1.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 5.7812 -1.6104 -0.49 0.6104 -0.90 4.41 1.35 2.3428 -1.12 3.8545 -1.0938 -0.5869 -1.51 7.83 0.37 3.3662 -0.4688 -0.5869 -1.63 0.17 0.1563 -0.0312 -2.8545 -0.88 1.3662 -0.79 LIN1 LIN2 141 .5869 -1.6104 -0.83 0.8311 -1.87 3.0986 -0.4688 -0.3428 -1.3662 -0.21 0.3438 -2.72 2.72 2.12 3.04 2.0986 -1.90 4.0312 -1.8311 -1.3428 -1.7812 -0.96 3.4062 -1.79 0.10 1.8311 -1.28 3.6104 -0.79 1.39 0.3438 -2.5869 -1.50 -1.1221 -0.10 1.35 2.8545 -1.41 1.65 5.21 4.8545 -0.12 2.1563 -0.10 1.8545 -0.3662 -0.3428 -1.04 2.

0156 -0.0781 -0.7031 -0.0986 -0.62 2.87 3.2344 -0.1719 -1.2500 GY -6.5869 -1.88 2.37 3.8594 -1.7031 -0.63 0.7031 -0.1719 -1.5469 -0.38 1.7031 -0.49 0.1719 -1.8594 -0.2344 -0.3906 -0.0986 -1.5469 -0.21 0.39 0.63 0.3428 -1.1221 -0.79 1.13 1.38 1.5469 -0.2344 -0.13 1.10 1.0156 -1.39 0.21 3.13 1.3906 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 1.6104 -0.83 0.17 0.2344 -0.7031 -0.8594 -1.12 3.8594 -0.5469 -0.87 3.0781 -0.0781 -0.63 1.7031 -0.88 1.61 3.0781 -0.63 0.8545 -1.17 0.37 3.28 2.8545 -0.63 1.39 0.3662 -0.3906 -0.6104 -0.12 2.3906 -0.61 3.39 0.90 3.63 1.87 3.12 3.2344 -0.5869 -1.3428 -1.72 2.79 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.8311 4.37 2.2344 -0.50 -0.88 2.3906 -0.62 2.61 3.2344 -0.1719 -1.8594 -1.59 2.3906 -0.1719 -1.8311 -1.3906 -0.12 2.83 0.96 2.00 -0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 32 32 32 UDL -6.37 2.62 2.Part I .0156 -1.37 2.1221 1.5469 -0.17 0.83 0.12 3.5469 -0.0156 -1.8594 -0.0156 -0.51 3.3662 -0.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.0781 -0.65 1.0781 -0.00 2.37 3.12 2.88 2.50 L2 CON -1.41 1.Application Examples 142 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .17 0.88 1.1719 -1.63 LIN1 LIN2 .2500 GY METE L1 0.38 1.0781 -0.04 2.0156 -0.88 1.

3428 -1.UNIT KNS MEMBER 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 36 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 UDL -6.90 4.21 3.59 6.0986 -0.8311 5.79 1.72 2.5469 -0.13 1.2500 GY METE L1 2.79 0.28 3.6104 -0.10 1.37 2.0781 -0.8545 -1.8594 -1.1221 -0.12 3.5869 -1.72 2.3662 -0.3662 -0.51 LIN1 LIN2 143 .51 7.12 2.8311 -1.96 3.37 3.6104 -0.3662 -0.41 1.0156 -0.1719 -1.0986 -0.7031 -0.90 4.0986 -1.1221 -1.8545 -1.28 6.1719 -1.62 2.3662 -0.2344 -0.5869 -1.59 3.28 3.90 7.49 0.21 0.51 4.35 2.8545 -0.83 0.35 2.41 1.0986 -0.0986 -1.50 -1.8545 -0.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 5.1221 -0.65 5.87 3.6104 -0.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .41 1.59 3.5469 -0.72 2.8545 -0.61 3.7031 -0.3428 -1.5869 -1.5869 -1.65 1.96 6.90 3.3428 -1.3428 -1.8545 -1.5869 -1.21 0.21 0.8594 -0.49 0.3906 -0.8311 -1.1221 -0.6104 -0.21 7.21 4.3428 -1.21 4.49 0.3662 -0.88 2.59 2.3428 -1.5869 -1.5869 -1.8311 -1.50 L2 CON -0.96 2.8311 -1.1221 -0.8311 -1.88 1.04 2.79 1.28 2.0986 -1.51 4.0156 -1.04 2.65 2.8311 -1.65 2.38 1.79 0.6104 -0.3428 -1.6104 -0.10 1.79 1.0986 -0.1221 -0.3662 L GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.6104 -0.3662 -0.8545 -0.63 1.10 1.04 2.96 3.79 1.

8594 -1.5469 -0.50 -0.3906 -0.3906 -0.63 0.2344 -0.00 -0.62 2.0986 -1.0781 -0.21 0.37 LIN1 LIN2 .3906 -0.37 3.5469 -0.87 3.87 3.38 1.37 3.8594 -0.0781 -0.5469 -0.12 2.37 2.7031 -0.83 0.3906 -0.63 1.Part I .10 1.62 2.7031 -0.1719 -1.8311 4.17 0.1221 1.88 2.7031 -0.12 3.04 2.8594 -1.61 3.2344 -0.87 3.3906 -0.49 0.63 0.6104 -0.12 2.2500 GY METE L1 0.39 0.17 0.8594 -1.00 2.13 1.37 2.8594 -0.41 1.63 1.0781 -0.2344 -0.39 0.12 3.63 1.3428 -1.8594 -0.0156 -0.8594 -1.13 1.7031 -0.UNIT KNS MEMBER 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 34 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 UDL -6.61 3.61 3.83 0.5469 -0.3662 -0.0156 -1.62 2.0156 -0.37 2.63 0.38 1.0781 -0.88 2.5469 -0.Application Examples 144 Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .3906 -0.5869 -1.1221 -0.13 1.17 0.0781 -0.8545 -1.39 0.1719 -1.63 1.88 1.1719 -1.1719 -1.88 1.5469 -0.0781 -0.88 2.39 0.2500 GY -6.0156 -1.2344 -0.83 0.0156 -1.1719 -1.12 2.0781 -0.88 1.88 2.0156 -0.79 1.5469 -0.1719 -1.79 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.7031 -0.0156 -1.88 1.1719 -1.17 0.1719 -1.3906 -0.12 3.13 1.12 2.38 1.2344 -0.38 1.7031 -0.0156 L GY 3.7031 -0.35 GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY GY 0.2344 -0.2344 -0.72 2.50 L2 CON -0.37 3.63 0.

uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.30 -28.3906 -0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.15 -5.00 0.00 0.00 0.2344 -0.70 3.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 50.com * ************************************************************ 145 .61 -9.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.80 -6.co.16 0.01 0.00 -1.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.co.00 0.00 0.72 -12.30 -0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 -9.00 0.00 0.01 0.58 0.00 0.26 0.15 -5.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.01 0.68 -11.00 0.8594 -0.61 3.54 1.37 3.UNIT KNS MEMBER UDL L1 METE L2 33 33 33 33 33 33 CON -0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Pro.00 0.00 0.co.00 1.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.95 49.05 -1.60 52.0781 L GY GY GY GY GY GY LIN1 LIN2 2.00 0.16 0.01 -0.00 0.00 0.75 7.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.46 25.12 3.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.80 -6.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.00 0.95 49.00 0.00 0.00 0.75 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.01 -0.71 -11. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.5469 -0.00 0.71 -20.com * * * * North America support@bentley.87 3.Example Problem 15 MEMBER LOAD .16 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.70 -0.00 0.83 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 49.46 25.00 0.85 27.97 117.00 0.01 -0.26 0.7031 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.70 -0.00 0.58 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.60 52.00 0.16 -0.14 66.70 3.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.62 2.

Part I .Application Examples 146 Example Problem 15 NOTES .

147 . member end forces and support reactions are determined. The structure is subjected to “forcing function” and “ground motion” loading. The maxima of joint displacements. 16 Dynamic Analysis (Time History) is performed for a 3 span beam with concentrated and distributed masses.Example Problem 16 Example Problem No.

0 0.Application Examples 148 Example Problem 16 STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS Every input file has to start with the word STAAD.Part I . and Moment of Inertia "IZ" about the Z axis are adequate for the analysis. . CONSTANTS E 2850 ALL DENSITY 25E-6 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The material constants defined include Young's Modulus "E".0 120.0 IZ 833.33 All the members have "PRISMATIC" property specification. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 Incidences of members 1 to 3 are specified above. UNITS CMS KNS Specifies the units to be used.0 2 0.0 4 0.0 0.0 0. Area of cross section "AX".0 0. SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED Pinned supports are located at nodes 1 and 4.0 240. MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 100.0 3 0. The word PLANE signifies that the structure is a plane frame. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 Joint number followed by the X.0 360. Since this is a PLANE frame.0 0. density and Poisson’s ratio. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.

1 0.Example Problem 16 UNIT NEWTON METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.0 800.0 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 This is the second stage in the command specification for time history analysis. Following this data. The masses that constitute the mass matrix of the structure are specified through the selfweight and joint load 149 .5 500.075 There are 2 stages in the command specification required for a time history analysis.0 70. In this example.0 –1.5 –1.0 2.5 1.0 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 4000.0 –0.5 100. The former is input in the form of time-force pairs while the latter is in the form of time-acceleration pairs.3 2. LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 500.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.5%) for all modes.0 0.0 Load case 1 above is a static load. all possible arrival times for these loads on the structure as well as the modal damping ratio are specified. LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 1.5 –0.0 1. A uniformly distributed force of 500 Newton/m acts along the global X direction on all 3 members. the damping ratio is the same (7.25 1.0 200.9 2.0 –0.7 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0 DAMPING 0. The loading type may be a forcing function (vibrating machinery) or ground motion (earthquake).5 –0.0 2. This involves the application of the time varying load on the structure.0 –20.0 3.5 500. First the characteristics of the time varying load are provided.0 0.0 3. The first stage is defined above.

FINISH . the maximum value of the member force and support reaction is extracted from these histories and reported in the output file using the above command. at arrival time number 1. For each degree of freedom. The Ground motion. The Time load command is used to apply the Type 1 force. Following that. The absolute maximum value of the displacement for every joint is then extracted from this joint displacement history. The program will extract the lumped masses from these weights.Part I . The user must note that this example is only for illustration purposes and that it may be unlikely that a "TIME FUNCTION" and a "GROUND MOTION" both act on the structure at the same time. So. the value printed using the above command is the absolute maximum value for each of the six degrees of freedom at each node. the Type 2 time history loading. namely. UNIT KNS METER PRINT MEMBER FORCES PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The member forces and support reactions too are calculated for every time step. the program calculates joint displacements for every time step.Application Examples 150 Example Problem 16 commands. acting in the global X direction. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command initiates the analysis process. both the "TIME LOAD" and "GROUND MOTION" are applied simultaneously. at nodes 2 and 3. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS During the analysis. is also in the global X direction at arrival time 1.

0 0.33 SUPPORTS 1 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E 2850 ALL DENSITY 25E-6 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT NEWTON METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE 0.Example Problem 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 200. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.1 0. 5. 25. 28. 8.0 3. 12. 17.0 120.0 0. 38.7 ARRIVAL TIMES 0.5 -0.5 -1. 32.0 4 0. 30. 19.0 IZ 833. 2. 27.25 1. 13. 4. 23. MODES REQUESTED = 6 EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 4 MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 4 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** 8 151 .5 -0.075 LOAD 1 STATIC LOAD MEMBER LOAD 1 2 3 UNI GX 500. 21.5 500. 6.0 2.0 -20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = WERE REQUESTED THAN THERE ARE FREE MASSES.0 LOAD 2 TIME HISTORY LOAD SELFWEIGHT X 1. 24.0 0.0 TYPE 2 ACCELERATION 0. 10. 11. 9.0 0.0 2 0. 34. 31. 36. 20.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 240.0 -0.0 360.0 DAMPING 0.5 1. 3.0 70.0 -0.5 100.0 TIME LOAD 2 3 FX 1 1 GROUND MOTION X 2 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL MORE MODES NUMBER OF NUMBER OF NUMBER OF PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 0.0 JOINT LOAD 2 3 FX 4000. 14.0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 2 3 PRIS AX 100.0 3.5 500. 35. 29.0 1. 18.9 2.0 2.0 800. 26.3 2.0 1.0 3 0. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS UNITS CMS KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 22. 16. 37. 33.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 7.0 0.0 0. 15.0 -1. Intl.

000 100.0000 0.000000E+00 0.000 0.Application Examples 152 Example Problem 16 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 1 2 3 4 PARTICIPATION FACTORS 2 PERIOD(SEC) 3.090 0.00 0.00 100.000 0.4002 0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES Z-ROTAN -0.0000 0.000 100.0000 0.0000 0.0750 0.0084 -0.0000 X-ROTAN 0.000 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.999 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 2159 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.000000 Z= 0.955 443.0041 0.0000 0.NEWT METE MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= -2.0020 -0.0000 0.00 0.0750 0.0750 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.00 0.054167 Y= 0.0042 0.000 100.0000 0.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 40.0084 .0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.000 100.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 2 WARNING-NUMBER OF MODES LIMITED TO A FREQUENCY OF 360.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.000 0.00 0.457 768. UNIT KNS METER 41.8420 0.000000 39.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 X-TRANS 0.0000 0.00 A C T U A L MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.777266E+03 2.0000 0.4002 0.000 0.0000 0.087 11.00130 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 X Y 100.00 0.0750 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0041 -0.00226 0.000 100.00100.000 0.0020 0.0000 0.08365 0.0042 0.0000 0. TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 2.000000E+00 0.8420 0.32397 0.Part I .0000 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.00 0.0000 0.0 DUE TO THE DT VALUE ENTERED.0000 0.0000 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 1.90 -0.Pro.00 0.00 0.39 -0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.30 0.39 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.com * ************************************************************ 153 .00 0.00 0.39 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.30 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 42.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 43.67 3 4 3 4 0.00 0.39 -1.00 0.00 0.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 -0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.72 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.00 -0.00 0.90 -1.30 1.72 0.67 0.67 2 3 2 3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -1.00 -0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.Example Problem 16 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.90 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.co.67 1. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 4 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 -0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.72 -1.00 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 0.

Part I .Application Examples 154 Example Problem 16 NOTES .

155 .Example Problem 17 Example Problem No. 17 The usage of User Provided Steel Tables is illustrated in this example for the analysis and design of a plane frame. User provided tables allow one to specify property data for sections not found in the built-in steel section tables.

2 The above set of data is used to provide joint coordinates for the various joints of the structure.25 10. The data consists of the joint number followed by global X and Y coordinates.237. 10 6. 12 13 15 . 11 15 16 .75 10.) signs are used as line separators.534 6 4 5 . the Z coordinate(s) need to be provided also. 2 9 0 .5 .Part I .Application Examples 156 Example Problem 17 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. 7 5 6 . 0. In the above input.5 13. 3 0 6 0 6 9 6 0 7 0 10.5 11.4 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 113. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. 15 9 14 .326. 15 6.5 10. The PLANE command is used to designate the structure as a plane frame. 16 11 14 . 8 9 10.5 . This completes the geometry of the structure. This allows the user to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 17 11 15 18 10 15 . 19 10 13 . 9 12 14 10 14 16 . Note that for a space frame. . 22 10 11 .5 11. 16 4.5 .5 .3.4 14 3.5 11 4. 20 7 9 21 9 11 . STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE Every input file has to start with the command STAAD. UNIT METER KNS The UNIT command sets the length and force units to be used. 13 7. 8 7 12 . semicolon (.3 . . 23 8 10 The above data set contains the member incidence information or the joint connectivity data for each member.468. The cartesian system is being used here. 9 2. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 12 1.0 12.0 12.

2 25. are available for specification (See section 5 of the Technical Reference Manual). refer to section 5. In the first line.4 BEAM300 47.8 BEAM350 64.) provided in a certain order. For detailed information on the various properties required for the different section-types and their order of specification. TABLE 1 Each table needs an unique numerical identification.5 0.5 30. The second line contains the section properties required for the particular section-type.73 17.Example Problem 17 START USER TABLE This command is utilized to set up a User Provided steel table.2 15.3 21. ten different properties are required. Each section-type requires a certain number of data (area of cross-section.19 in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. The data for each section consists of two parts.5 The above data set is used to specify the properties of three wide flange sections. UNIT CM WIDE FLANGE This command is used to specify the section-type as WIDE FLANGE in this table. 157 . All user provided steel tables must start with this command. BEAM250 32. all required properties for the particular section-type must be provided.6 0. TEE etc.72 12.6 35.7 15. depth. moment of inertias etc.07 7160 335 14. For example.9 23. Without exception.2 0. The above command starts setting up Table no.0 35.4 0. 1. for wide flanges.4 1. The user is allowed to provide any section name within twelve characters. ANGLE. CHANNEL. in this case.2 1. Note that several section-types such as WIDE FLANGE. the section-name is provided.8 26.85 3400 150 6.15 14150 970 22.6 10. Upto twenty tables may be specified per run.

The word UPT signifies that the properties are from the user provided table.0 3.98 1.0 4.0 0.67 The above command and data lines set up another user provided table consisting of angle sections.0 1.58 1. All user provided table related input must be terminated with this command. This is followed by the table number and then the section name as specified in the user provided table. The numbers 1 or 2 following the word UPT indicate the table from which section names are fetched.Part I .0 0.0 0.33 L50505 5. 5 6 7 UPT 1 BEAM250 8 TO 13 UPT 1 BEAM250 14 TO 19 UPT 2 L30305 20 TO 23 UPT 2 L40405 In the above command lines. the member properties are being assigned from the user provided tables created earlier.67 1. MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 The above command is used to designate members 14 to 23 as truss members.5 0.5 0. END This command signifies the end of the user provided table data set.33 1.0 5.5 0.Application Examples 158 Example Problem 17 TABLE 2 UNIT CM ANGLES L30305 3.78 1. MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 BEAM350 2 UPT 1 BEAM300 .0 L40405 4. .

Built-in default value of steel is used for the material constants. concentrated loads at joints 4.5 The above command set is used to specify the loadings on the structure. 159 . SUPPORT 1 FIXED . Poisson’s ratio and beta angle values. 2 PINNED The above command set is used to designate supports. It consists of selfweight. and distributed loads on some members. 11 FY -155. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y –13. 5 and 11. Here. CONSTANTS E STEEL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. In this case.Example Problem 17 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ The MEMBER RELEASE command is used to release the MZ moment at the start joint of member no. 5.0 MEMB 3 4 The above command set is used to specify modulus of elasticity. joint 1 is designated as a fixed support and joint 2 is designated as a pinned support. dead and live loads are provided through load case 1. UNIT KNS METER The force unit is reset to KNS. density. 6 UNI GY –17. LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.5 . . and length unit to METER using this command.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65.

In this case. .Application Examples 160 Example Problem 17 PERFORM ANALYSIS This command instructs the program to execute the analysis at this point. FINISH This command terminates a STAAD run. It may be noted that properties may be provided (and selection may be performed) from built-in steel tables and user provided tables in the same data file. the member selection will be performed from the table that was originally used for the specification of the member property.2 MEMB 3 4 The above commands are used to specify parameters for steel design. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1. CHECK CODE MEMBER 3 19 SELECT MEMBER 20 This command will perform a code check on members 3 and 19 per the BRITISH steel design code. For each member. A member selection too is performed for member 20.Part I . the selection will be from the respective user tables from which the properties were initially assigned.0 ALL NSF 0.85 ALL KY 1.

27. 6.0 0. 55. 53. 13. 31.5 .75 10. 45. 9 12 14 10 14 16 . 8 7 12 .0 L40405 4.67 1. 16.5 . 43. 3. 21. 2. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.6 35. 50. 41. 6 UNI GY -17. 57. 17.0 4. 5 3 4 6 4 5 .0 12.7 15. 38.5 11. 19.5 30. 12 13 15 . 12. 46.5 0. 23. 7 5 6 . 32. 35. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR USER TABLE UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 12.Example Problem 17 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.07 7160 335 14. 8 9 10. 10.5 0. 5.15 14150 970 22.0 0. 28. 51. 16 11 14 .33 1.3 . 36. 58. 13 7.6 0.85 3400 150 6. 29. 20. 54.5 . 15. 2 3 7 . 14.0 5.98 1.0 1. 23 8 10 START USER TABLE TABLE 1 UNIT CM WIDE FLANGE BEAM250 32. 25.0 0. 16 4. 44. .2 15. 56. 11 FY -155. 2 PINNED LOADING 1 DEAD AND LIVE LOAD SELFWEIGHT Y -1.5 10. 34. 52. 37.5 .5 11 4. 4.4 1. 12 1.73 17. 2 9 0 .5 0. 13 8 13 14 9 12 . 42.9 23. 4 6 8 . 15 9 14 .4 0.5 161 . 5 6 7 UPT 1 BEAM250 8 TO 13 UPT 1 BEAM250 14 TO 19 UPT 2 L30305 20 TO 23 UPT 2 L40405 MEMBER TRUSS 14 TO 23 MEMBER RELEASE 5 START MZ CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DENSITY STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 90. 33.5 13.0 JOINT LOAD 4 5 FY -65.25 10. 22. 26.2 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 3 . .4 . 48. MEMB LOAD 8 TO 13 UNI Y -13.5 .2 1. 10 6. 9.2 0.8 BEAM350 64. 11 15 16 . 7. 30. 39.5 0.6 10.2 25. 40. 11. 18. 49. 0. 3 0 6 0 6 9 6 0 7 0 10.0 MEMB 3 4 UNIT KNS METER SUPPORT 1 FIXED .5 11. 47.3.33 L50505 5. 15 6. Intl. 20 7 9 21 9 11 .0 35.0 3. 22 10 11 .8 26. 3 2 6 .72 12.5 TABLE 2 UNIT CM ANGLES L30305 3. 8.67 END MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 3 4 UPT 1 BEAM350 2 UPT 1 BEAM300 .3 21.4 BEAM300 47. 19 10 13 .78 1. 17 11 15 18 10 15 .4 14 3.58 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 9 2. 24.

654 0. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 61. 62.8. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 43 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN.Pro CODE CHECKING . SELECT MEMBER 20 1 1 0.7 (C) 0. PARAMETER CODE BRITISH BEAM 1.KNS METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= * * 3 ST BEAM350 19 ST L30305 FAIL 246. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 10 EQN.Application Examples 162 Example Problem 17 59.(BSI ) *********************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2.Part I . THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.86 BS-4.3. 63.10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 23/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 ALL NSF 0.472 0. 65.00 2.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 66. 28 60.85 ALL KY 1. 25 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 11 EQN.NO.2 MEMB 3 4 CHECK CODE MEMBER 3 19 STAAD.00 .3.NO.69 C FAIL 18.1 52.19 C BS-4.NO. 64.00 1.

Pro.com * * * * North America support@bentley.970 0. THEN FILE SAVE.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro MEMBER SELECTION .10_5950-1_2000 ALL UNITS ARE .jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley. PLEASE DO ONE MORE ANALYSIS. MEMBER QUERIES WILL USE THE LAST ANALYSIS FORCES WITH THE UPDATED MEMBER SIZES.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.(BSI ) ************************** PROGRAM CODE REVISION V2. IN THE POST PROCESSOR. THEN ANALYZE AGAIN WITHOUT THE GROUP OR SELECT COMMANDS.com * ************************************************************ 163 .com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.com * * Europe support@bentley. PRESS RESULTS.00 1 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr. FROM THE UPPER MENU. TO CORRECT THIS INCONSISTENCY. FINISH **************************************************************************** **WARNING** SOME MEMBER SIZES HAVE CHANGED SINCE LAST ANALYSIS.co.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley. UPDATE PROPERTIES.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.KNS MEMBER METE (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 20 ST L30305 PASS 62.Example Problem 17 STAAD.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.co. **************************************************************************** *********** END OF THE STAAD. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 ************** END OF TABULATED RESULT OF DESIGN ************** 67.38 T BS-4.6 (T) 0.

Application Examples 164 Example Problem 17 NOTES .Part I .

4. Fixed Supports at Joints 1.m in . 18 This is an example which demonstrates the calculation of principal stresses on a finite element. 5. 9. 2. 3.Example Problem 18 Example Problem No.Y direction 165 . 13 Load intensity = 2000 Kn/sq.

the connectivities of elements 4 to 9 are generated. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONC ALL Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s ratio of all the elements is that of the built-in default value for concrete. ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 Element connectivities of elements 1 to 3 are defined first.Part I .25 Elements 1 to 9 have a thickness of 0. . ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame (3-D structure). UNIT METER KNS Specifies the unit to be used.25 m.Application Examples 166 Example Problem 18 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES Every input has to start with the word STAAD. The REPEAT command is used to generate coordinates of joints 5 to 16 based on the pattern of joints 1 to 4. based on which. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. JOINT COORDINATES 10004900 REPEAT 3 0 0 3 Joint number followed by X.

the load is assumed to act along the local Z axis. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -2000. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION The above command is self-explanatory. The change of length unit from metre to mms indicates that the values will be printed in KN and MMs units. bending moments per unit width and principal stresses. The negative value indicates that the load acts opposite to the positive direction of the local Z.m is applied on all the elements. shear stresses.Example Problem 18 SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED "Fixed support" conditions exist at the above mentioned joints. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. 167 . In the absence of an explicit direction specification. The output includes membrane stresses.0 A uniform pressure of 2000 Kn/sq. UNIT MMS PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 Element stresses at the centroid of the element are printed using the above command.

12.65 0.04 0.00 -2984.65 0.00 0. 7.00 -66475. 14.00 0.44 8767. 10. 13.00 66475.00 -26681.25 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONC ALL SUPPORT 1 TO 4 5 9 13 FIXED LOAD 1 ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 9 PRESSURE -2000.26 0.26 0.00 -88169.21 MOM-Y 0.00 24034. 18.71 0. STAAD SPACE SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR * ELEMENT STRESSES UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 4 9 0 0 REPEAT 3 0 0 3 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 5 6 2 TO 3 REPEAT 2 3 4 ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 9 THICK 0.13 37676.28 35166.28 35166.00 391.47 0. Intl.00 525.00 26681. 11. 2.00 0. 8.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 3.00 -391. 4. 6.21 0. 15. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 9 13 METE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.Part I . PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 4 MOM Z .13 37676.00 2984. 19.00 -24034.53 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.00 0. UNIT MMS 23.00 0.00 -525.71 8767. 9.00 88169. 20.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 16/ 9/ 7 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.Application Examples 168 Example Problem 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.47 0.00 -1219. 16.04 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 5. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 54 21.44 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-Z MOM-X 0. 17.71 0.00 0.53 0.

3 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.217974E+00 -1.01 -1.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.60 4553.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.co.39 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.90 0. 4 4 CASE NO.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.Pro.02 1.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.3 ANGLE= -23.02 1. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD SQX VONT TRESCAT 1 0.22 -0.22 TMAX= TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 10726.co.75 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.017370E-01 4 1 1. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD. 1 1 6.LENGTH UNITS= KNS MMS STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.21 1.com * * * * North America support@bentley.217974E+00 PLATE NO.00 ANGLE= -23.22 SMIN= SMIN= MX SX 2111.21 1.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co.22 1.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley.Example Problem 18 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.01 4 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQY VONB TRESCAB -0.217974E+00 4 1 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 24.com * ************************************************************ 169 .210789E+00 4 1 1.60 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.

0 + 4553.4372 kN/mm 2 TMAX = ( σ x − σy )2 4 + τ 2xy 2 (0.2027 −1.Application Examples 170 Example Problem 18 Calculation of principal stresses for element 4 Calculations are presented for the top surface only.84 S 10416 .67 = 0.4372 2 4 = 0.0297) TMAX = + 0.84 kN-mm/mm 10726.0297 kN/mm 2 τxy = SXY + MXY = 0.22 kN-mm/mm 4553.67 = 0.0 + 10726 .0 kN/mm 2 0.67mm 2 (Section Modulus) σx = SX + MX = 0.0 kN/mm 2 0.2027 kN/mm 2 σy = SY + MY = 0.6018 kN/mm 2 .0 + 2111.97 kN-mm/mm = 1/6t 2 = 1/6*250 2 = 10416.22 S 10416 .67 = 1. SX = SY = SXY = MX = MY = MXY = S 0.Part I .0 kN/mm 2 2111.97 S 10416 .

2027 + 1.4372 ⎫ 1 = tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎩ 0.3 o 0.0297 ⎭ = -23.0297) + 0.2027 + 1.22 kN/mm2 − TMAX (0.6018 2 = 1.0297) − 0.2027 − 1.0144 kN/mm 2 Angle = say 1 ⎪⎧ 2τ xy ⎫⎪ tan −1 ⎨ ⎬ 2 ⎪⎩ σ x − σ y ⎪⎭ ⎧ 2 * 0.01 kN/ mm2 171 .6018 2 = 0.218 kN/mm 2 SMIN = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 say 1.Example Problem 18 SMAX = = ( σ x + σy ) 2 + TMAX (0.

Application Examples 172 Example Problem 18 NOTES .Part I .

19 This example demonstrates the usage of inclined supports. and we examine those in this example. STAAD offers a few different methods for assigning inclined supports.Example Problem 19 Example Problem No. The word INCLINED refers to the fact that the restraints at a joint where such a support is specified are along a user-specified axis system instead of along the default directions of the global axis system. 173 .

are calculated automatically from these dimensions unless these are explicitly defined. Joint number followed by X.) are used as line separators. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 5 0. 4 30 5 30. UNIT MMS KN MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN 4 5 PRIS YD 800 1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500 Properties for all members of the model are provided using the PRISMATIC option. Semicolon signs (.Application Examples 174 Example Problem 19 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation. The values are provided in MMS unit. 4 5 2. 2 2 3. . Defines the members by the joints they are connected to. 2 10 5 10. Moments of Inertia. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame structure (3-D) and the geometry is defined through X. 3 3 4. Y and Z coordinates. That enables us to provide multiple sets of data on one line. 3 20 5 20. UNIT METER KN Specifies the unit to be used for data to follow. If ZD is not provided.Part I . such as. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2. etc. a circular shape with diameter = YD is assumed for that cross section. 5 5 0 5. STAAD SPACE INPUT WIDTH 79 Every input has to start with the word STAAD. Area. 6 25 0 25. All properties required for the analysis. Y and Z coordinates are provided above. 5 6 3. YD and ZD stand for depth and width.

10m). this happens to be node 2.5. The support node and the datum point together help define the axis system. (20m. the keyword REFJT is used followed by the number 3. 5.that keyword is missing.5. Each node where an inclined support is defined has its own distinct local X. 6. At node 6. The most important aspect of inclined supports is their axis system. 5m. 1 and 4. For the remaining one . 6 and 4. For 3 of those. the support at node 1 is a global direction support. Hence. 5m and 20m). notice the keyword REF followed by the numbers (10.Example Problem 19 CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL Material constants like E (modulus of elasticity) and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. This means that the datum point associated with node 5 is one which has the global coordinates of (10m.10). At node 5. This means that the datum point for support node 6 is the joint number 3 of the model. namely. 3 different methods are shown in the above 3 instances for defining the datum point. namely. 175 .node 1 . the node number is followed by the keyword INCLINED. Coincidentally. signifying that an INCLINED support is defined there. local Y and local Z axes. UNIT METER KN SUPPORTS 5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000 1 PINNED 4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ We assign supports (restraints) at 4 nodes . we first have to define a datum point. In order to define the axis system. The coordinates of the datum point are hence those of node 3.

5m and 31m).Part I . Local X is a straight line (vector) pointing from the support node towards the datum point. Notice the unique nature of these datum points. Local Y is the vector resulting from the cross product of local Z and local X. suggesting that it is an expansion joint . That also happens to be the case for the supported end of member 3.5m.Application Examples 176 Example Problem 19 At node 4. which are (30m. The right hand rule must be used when performing these cross products. The line going from node 4 to the datum point (31. we are saying that the lower end of member 4 can move along its axis like the piston of a car engine. the local axis system is defined as follows.30m) and adds to them.31) happens to be coincident with the axis of the member. the datum point becomes (31m. Local Z is the vector obtained by the cross product of local X and the global Y axis (unless the SET Z UP command is used in which case one would use global Z instead of global Y and that would yield local Y). Once the datum point is established. the program sets the datum point to be the following.free to expand or contract along the axis of member 3. or the traffic direction. The same is true for the support at the bottom of member 5. . It takes the coordinates of node 4. The local X axis of that support is along the axis of member 5. Since MX. In the absence of the words REF and REFJT. By defining a KFX spring at that one. The expression FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ for that support indicates that it is free to translate along local X. no moment will be resisted by these supports. MY and MZ are all released at these supports. Think of a pile bored into rock with a certain amount of freedom to expand and contract axially. The one for node 5 tells us that a line connecting nodes 5 to 2 is the local X axis. Thus. the word INCLINED is merely followed by 3 numbers (1.1). the 3 numbers which comes after the word INCLINED. and is hence along the axis of member 4.5.0.

Example Problem 19

LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6
LOAD COMB 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK

3 load cases followed by the instruction for the type of analysis are
specified. The PRINT STATICS CHECK option will instruct the
program to produce a report consisting of total applied load versus
total reactions from the supports for each primary load case.
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

By default, support reactions are printed in the global axis
directions. The above command is an instruction for such a report.
SET INCLINED REACTION
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

Just earlier, we saw how to obtain support reactions in the global
axis system. What if we need them in the inclined axis system?
The “SET INCLINED REACTION” is a switch for that purpose. It
tells the program that reactions should be reported in the inclined
axis system instead of the global axis system. This has to be
followed by the PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS command.
PRINT MEMBER FORCES
PRINT JOINT DISP
FINISH

Member forces are reported in the local axis system of the
members. Joint displacements at all joints are reported in the
global axis system. Following this, the STAAD run is terminated.

177

Part I - Application Examples

178

Example Problem 19
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STAAD.Pro
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Version 2007
Build 02
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Proprietary Program of
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Research Engineers, Intl.
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Date=
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Time=
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USER ID:
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STAAD SPACE
INPUT WIDTH 79
UNIT METER KN
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 5 0; 2 10 5 10; 3 20 5 20; 4 30 5 30; 5 5 0 5; 6 25 0 25
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4; 4 5 2; 5 6 3
UNIT MMS KN
MEMBER PROPERTY AMERICAN
4 5 PRIS YD 800
1 TO 3 PRIS YD 750 ZD 500
CONSTANTS
E CONCRETE ALL
POISSON CONCRETE ALL
DENSITY CONCRETE ALL
UNIT METER KN
SUPPORTS
5 INCLINED REF 10 5 10 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000
6 INCLINED REFJT 3 FIXED BUT MX MY MZ KFX 30000
1 PINNED
4 INCLINED 1 0 1 FIXED BUT FX MX MY MZ
LOAD 1 DEAD LOAD
SELFWEIGHT Y -1.2
LOAD 2 LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6
LOAD COMB 3
1 1.0 2 1.0
PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =

6/

5/

4

SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =

2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =

STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.
DEAD LOAD
***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD
SUMMATION FORCE-X
SUMMATION FORCE-Y
SUMMATION FORCE-Z

( KN
=
=
=

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
-696.00
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
10439.93 MY=
0.00 MZ=

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN
SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

-10439.93

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
696.00
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
-10439.93 MY=
0.00 MZ=

1 )

1 )

10439.93

27
1

Example Problem 19
MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING
MAXIMUMS
AT NODE
X = -7.99237E-01
5
Y = -2.49498E+00
3
Z = -7.99237E-01
5
RX= -2.66161E-03
4
RY= 6.12828E-16
4
RZ= 2.66161E-03
4

1)

STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.
LIVE LOAD

***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD
SUMMATION FORCE-X
SUMMATION FORCE-Y
SUMMATION FORCE-Z

( KN
=
=
=

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
-254.56
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
3818.38 MY=
0.00 MZ=

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN
SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

2 )

-3818.38

METE ) SUMMARY (LOADING
0.00
254.56
0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=
-3818.38 MY=
0.00 MZ=
MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING
MAXIMUMS
AT NODE
X = -2.97411E-01
5
Y = -9.31566E-01
3
Z = -2.97411E-01
5
RX= -1.18888E-03
4
RY= 2.28152E-16
4
RZ= 1.18888E-03
4

2

2 )

3818.38
2)

************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************
30. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
----------------JOINT
5

6

1

4

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

215.36
86.45
301.81
-212.20
-85.19
-297.39
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

288.60
94.77
383.37
286.84
94.06
380.91
60.21
32.84
93.05
60.33
32.89
93.22

215.36
86.45
301.81
-212.20
-85.19
-297.39
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

31. SET INCLINED REACTION
32. PRINT SUPPORT REACTION

179

Part I - Application Examples

180

Example Problem 19
SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN
----------------JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

415.30
154.54
569.83
410.64
152.67
563.31
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

59.81
6.79
66.60
60.94
7.25
68.19
60.21
32.84
93.05
60.33
32.89
93.22

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-3.15
-1.27
-4.42
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

5

6

1

4

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

33. PRINT MEMBER FORCES
MEMBER END FORCES
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- KN
MEMBER
1

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1
2
1
2
1
2

-4.46
4.46
-1.79
1.79
-6.25
6.25

60.21
89.73
32.84
52.01
93.05
141.75

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
-208.74
0.00
-135.58
0.00
-344.32

2
3
2
3
2
3

300.10
-300.10
120.47
-120.47
420.57
-420.57

75.79
74.15
42.75
42.10
118.55
116.25

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

125.95
-114.37
76.77
-72.12
202.71
-186.49

3
4
3
4
3
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

89.61
60.33
51.96
32.89
141.58
93.22

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

207.02
0.00
134.89
0.00
341.90
0.00

5
2
5
2
5
2

415.30
-344.24
154.54
-154.54
569.83
-498.77

59.81
40.69
6.79
-6.79
66.60
33.90

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
82.79
0.00
58.81
0.00
141.61

6
3
6
3
6
3

410.64
-339.58
152.67
-152.67
563.31
-492.25

60.94
39.55
7.25
-7.25
68.19
32.30

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
92.64
0.00
62.77
0.00
155.41

1
2
3

1
2
3

4

1
2
3

5

(LOCAL )

1

3

3

METE

LOAD

2

2

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

1
2
3

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

Example Problem 19
34. PRINT JOINT DISP
JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM
-----------------JOINT
1

2

3

4

5

6

LOAD

X-TRANS

1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
2
3

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0005
0.0002
0.0008
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
0.7903
0.2938
1.0841

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-2.4510
-0.9139
-3.3649
-2.4950
-0.9316
-3.4265
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
-0.7903
-0.2938
-1.0841

STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE

Z-TRANS
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0005
0.0002
0.0008
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.0363
-0.0146
-0.0509
-0.7992
-0.2974
-1.0966
0.7903
0.2938
1.0841

X-ROTAN

Y-ROTAN

0.0026
0.0012
0.0038
0.0007
0.0003
0.0011
-0.0007
-0.0003
-0.0011
-0.0027
-0.0012
-0.0039
0.0023
0.0007
0.0031
-0.0024
-0.0008
-0.0032

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN
-0.0026
-0.0012
-0.0038
-0.0007
-0.0003
-0.0011
0.0007
0.0003
0.0011
0.0027
0.0012
0.0039
-0.0023
-0.0007
-0.0031
0.0024
0.0008
0.0032

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************

35. FINISH

*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********
**** DATE=

TIME=

****

************************************************************
*
For questions on STAAD.Pro, please contact
*
*
Research Engineers Offices at the following locations *
*
*
*
Telephone
Email
*
* USA:
+1 (714)974-2500
support@bentley.com
*
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support@reel.co.uk
*
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support@reel.co.uk
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info@reig.de
*
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************************************************************

181

Part I - Application Examples

182

Example Problem 19

NOTES

Example Problem 20

Example Problem No. 20
This example generates the geometry of a cylindrical tank structure
using the cylindrical coordinate system. The tank lies on its side in
this example.

3

2
11 2
3
4

10
10 19
11
12

18

1

1

20

9

4
9
12

5

17
8

13

6

16

8

21

5

16

13
7
7
14

6

24
15
15
22
14
23

183

the output is in the cartesian coordinate system. the pattern of joints 1 to 8 at Z-increments of 3. Joint 8 has an 'r' of 3.Application Examples 184 Example Problem 20 In this example.5 315 0 Joint 1 has an 'r' of 3. Joints 2 to 7 are generated by equal incrementation of the coordinate values between joints 1 and 8.0 The REPEAT command is used to generate joints 9 through 24 by repeating twice.5 metres.5 0 0 8 3. The 315 degrees angle is measured counter-clockwise from the +ve direction of the X-axis. Hence. The radial direction is in the XY plane and longitudinal direction is along the Z-axis. STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN The type of structure (SPACE frame) and length and force units for data to follow are specified. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 . PRINT JOINT COORD The above command is used to produce a report consisting of the coordinates of all the joints in the cartesian coordinate system. 1 3.z).Part I . theta of 315 degrees and Z of 0 ft.theta. JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL The above command instructs the program that the coordinate data that follows is in the cylindrical coordinate system (r.0 metres for each REPEAT. Note that even though the input data was in the cylindrical coordinate system. a cylindrical tank is modeled using finite elements. theta of 0 degrees and Z of 0 ft. REPEAT 2 0 0 3. the coordinates in the XY plane are generated using the cylindrical coordinate system.5 metres.

PRINT ELEMENT INFO The above command is self-explanatory. FINISH 185 . The REPEAT ALL command states that the pattern of ALL the elements defined by the previous 2 lines. incidences of element 3 is generated by incrementing the incidences of element 2 by 1 and so on upto element 7. namely elements 1 to 8. Incidences of element 1 is defined as 1 2 10 9.Example Problem 20 The above 4 lines identify the element incidences of all 16 elements. must be REPEATED once with an element number increment of 8 and a joint number increment of 8 to generate elements 9 through 16. Incidences of element 8 has been defined above as 8 1 9 16. Incidences of element 2 is generated by incrementing the joint numbers of element 1 by 1.

* * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.475 -3.000 0. 2.475 -3.5 315 0 REPEAT 2 0 0 3.Part I .475 -3. 5.000 2.000 6.475 0.000 2.500 -2. 11. STAAD SPACE UNIT METER KN JOINT COORD CYLINDRICAL 1 3. 4.000 3.000 0.500 2.000 2.475 3.475 -3.Application Examples 186 Example Problem 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.500 2.000 0. 3.000 6.475 0.000 -2.000 2.000 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 7.000 3.475 Z 0.475 0. 10.000 -2.5 0 0 8 3.500 -2.500 -2.475 -3.000 3.000 -2.000 6.000 6.000 0.500 -2.475 3.475 0. Intl.000 3.000 -2.000 3.475 0.000 -2.000 2.0 PRINT JOINT COORD JOINT COORDINATES ----------------COORDINATES ARE METE UNIT JOINT X Y 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 3.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.500 2.500 -2.000 3.500 -2.475 3.000 6.000 3. 8.500 2.000 -2.000 3.475 0. 9.475 3.000 6.000 0.000 6.475 3.000 0.500 2. 6.500 2.475 0.475 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 2 10 9 TO 7 1 1 8 8 1 9 16 REPEAT ALL 1 8 8 PRINT ELEMENT INFO .000 2.475 0.475 0.475 -3.475 0.000 0.000 6.475 0.

000 0.000 0.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0364 8.com * * * * North America support@bentley.000 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.0364 8.000 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.co.00 0.0364 8.00 0.0364 8.Pro. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.0364 8.00 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.00 0.0364 8.000 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.0364 8.00 0.00 0.0364 8.Example Problem 20 ELEMENT INFORMATION ------------------ELEMENT NO.0364 8.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.000 0.000 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.0364 8.0364 8.00 0.000 0.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.000 0.0364 8.000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 E 0.00 0.0364 8.00 0.0364 8.000 0.000 0.00 0.0364 8.000 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.000 0. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INCIDENCES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 9 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 17 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 THICK (METE) POISS 0.com * ************************************************************ G 0.00 0.000 0.0364 187 .com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.co.00 0.00 AREA 8.000 0.00 ******************END OF ELEMENT INFO****************** 12.000 0.000 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.000 0.

Part I .Application Examples 188 Example Problem 20 NOTES .

21 This example illustrates the modeling of tension-only members using the MEMBER TENSION command. 189 .Example Problem 21 Example Problem No.

Application Examples 190 Example Problem 21 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying tensile force only. 3 0 7. 5 5. 10 2 5 Incidences of members 1 to 10 are defined. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. 4 5. 6 5. Also. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. This is because. Consequently.25 7. 9 3 5 . 7 2 6 . To accommodate these requirements.Part I . UNIT METER KNS Units for the commands to follow are defined above. This structure is a PLANE frame. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command). 8 2 4 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1125 6 1 5 . The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case.5 . the set of “active” members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . it is necessary to have 2 commands. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time.25 3.5 . . 2 0 3. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.25 0 Joint coordintes of joints 1 to 6 are defined above.0 .0 . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.

and Poisson’s ratio are specified. Hence for each load case. the built-in default value of steel is assigned. In this case. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED The supports are defined above. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). PERFORM ANALYSIS An analysis is carried out for load case 1. any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a compressive force. it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. if during the analysis.Example Problem 21 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as TENSION-only members. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 All members have been assigned a UC section from the British table. 191 . LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads at joints 2 and 3.

Application Examples 192 Example Problem 21 CHANGE MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been inactivated in the previous analysis. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. In other words. the above instruction is the same as the following: . any tension-only members that become inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to compressive axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. Without re-activation. these members cannot be accessed for any further operations. LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.Part I . LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 Load case 2 is described above.0 2 1. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously. The members with the tension-only attribute are specified again. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. Next.0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier.

are recognized as the "active" load cases. At the end of any analysis. The LOAD LIST command enables the above listed load cases to be made active for further processing. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The analysis results are printed and the run terminated. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.Example Problem 21 LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. 193 . CHANGE LOAD LIST 1 2 3 The members inactivated during the analysis of load 3 are reactivated for further processing.

21. 1. 22. STAAD PLANE EXAMPLE FOR TENSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 19. 9. 1 2 iterations.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. Intl.25 3. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO.0 . 6 5. REPEAT LOAD 34. 2 0 3. 5 FX -70 30.Part I .0 2 1. LOAD 3 33. 5. 8. 10 2 5 MEMBER TENSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = **START ITERATION NO. 3.25 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 6 1 5 . 13. 6.0 35. 20. 14. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 23. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 . PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. 15. 11. Case= 2 2 iterations. 2. 9 3 5 . Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 36. 6 TO 9 26. CHANGE 32. 4 FX -45 29. 17. 18.0 . LOAD LIST 1 2 3 38. 3 0 7. CHANGE 37. 5 5.25 7.Application Examples 194 Example Problem 21 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. JOINT LOAD 28. 4 5. 10. 12.5 . LOAD 2 27. MEMBER TENSION 25. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS 2 iterations. 1 1. 16. Case= 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 31. 14 2 . 7. 8 2 4 . 4. CHANGE 24. 7 2 6 .

00 0.23 30.0475 0.00 0.3423 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.00 0.05 -45.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.23 106.00 0.05 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0001 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.44 -0.82 -29.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.08 -0.0151 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.76 0.00 0.0004 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.0151 0.00 0.0008 0.3722 -0.05 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -0.0002 0.00 0.79 45.25 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.67 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0136 -0.00 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -30.00 0.25 29.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.2412 -0.00 0.0135 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.82 -0.21 0.04 3 4 3 4 3 4 44.00 0.0136 0.00 0.00 0.05 -0.0000 0.00 0.79 44.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.67 106.44 -0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.25 0.0000 0.08 0.00 0.55 -0.0000 -0.79 -44.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.92 0.82 0.0000 0.55 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.82 -29.0008 0.79 -44.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.0004 0.0000 0.3722 -0.67 0.0234 0.0000 0.3423 0.04 4 5 4 5 4 5 29.00 0.04 -0.0002 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0608 0.0000 -0.0000 0.14 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 195 .00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.08 114.14 -0.2412 -0.77 -0.67 0.00 106.00 0.0000 0.16 2 3 2 3 2 3 -0.00 0.21 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.00 0.1648 0.0000 0.44 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.20 0.0005 0.0001 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -114.25 0.00 0.76 -0.Example Problem 21 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.1648 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.05 0.89 0.00 0.05 0.05 -106.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0005 -0.00 0.0004 0.00 0.44 -0.20 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.25 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0608 0.00 0.25 0.0000 0.0000 0.25 0.0135 -0.0000 0.00 0.67 -106.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.00 -0.05 0.0000 0.29 0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.26 -0.00 0.25 0.76 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.77 -0.55 0.55 -0.0234 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.76 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.26 -0.04 0.00 0.21 0.0000 0.0000 0.92 0.05 -0.67 -106.00 0.0475 0.05 -0.

06 1.00 0.00 0.41 -0.00 0.00 0.67 -30.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .30 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 -106.16 0.00 0.00 0.02 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 39.00 0.09 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 -114.00 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.30 53.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -137.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 114.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.31 -114.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 137.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.31 69.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 -53.00 0.05 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 106.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.26 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 -137.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 0.com * ************************************************************ .00 0.30 53.81 137.00 0.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.26 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.23 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 -0.29 0.00 -53.00 0.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 114.co.Application Examples 196 Example Problem 21 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.90 -69.00 0.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 30.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 -0.00 0.

Example Problem 21 NOTES 197 .

Application Examples 198 Example Problem 21 NOTES .Part I .

The commands necessary to describe the sine function are demonstrated in this example.Example Problem 22 Example Problem No. Time History analysis is performed on this model. 22 A space frame structure is subjected to a sinusoidal (dynamic) loading. 199 .

4005 5 0 7 0 . 8 8 9 .5 9 5 7 5 .2500.Application Examples 200 Example Problem 22 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 16 13 12 The members are defined by the joints they are connected to. 11 0 7 5 12 0 7 2. 10 2. Y and Z axes.3505. 2 2 7 . 15 8 13 . Y and Z coordinates are specified above. 13 2. 7 5 7 0 . The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project. 10 10 11 .5 7 5 .5 . 6 2.5 7 2. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 12 12 5 13 6 13 . JOINT COORDINATES 1000. 9 9 10 . MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 .5 The joint number followed by the X.) are used as line separators to facilitate input of multiple sets of data on one line. 6 6 7 7 7 8 . 11 11 12 . The UNIT command is specified to change the units for length from METER to MMS. UNIT KNS METER The units for the data that follows are specified above. UNIT MMS MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 600 ZD 600 5 TO 16 PRIS YD 450 ZD 450 Members 1 to 16 are defined as PRISmatic sections with width and depth values provided using the YD and ZD options. 14 13 10 . 4 4 11 . 5 5 6 .Part I . Semicolon characters (.5 7 0 . . 3 3 9 . 8 5 7 2.

The first stage is defined above. Built-in default values for concrete are used. CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E). is provided. DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 30 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 * ARRIVAL TIMES 0.075 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis. density and Poisson’s ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. only one data set is defined. a sinusoidal function. Here. (If one wishes to specify an earthquake motion. In this file.Example Problem 22 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED Joints 1 to 4 are declared to be pinned-supported. an ACCELERATION may be specified. 201 . which describes the variation of force with time.0 DAMPING 0.) The command FUNCTION SINE indicates that instead of providing the data set as discrete TIME-FORCE pairs. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a forcing function. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. the parameters of the sinusoidal loading are provided. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.

0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 15. The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the force begins to act upon the structure. LOAD 2 SELFWEIGHT X 1.0 The above data describe a static load case.31. The weights (from which the masses for the mass matrix are obtained) are specified in the form of selfweight and joint loads. UNIT METER LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -10.075.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. . such as FREQUENCY.0 8 12 FZ 15. and number of CYCLES of application are then defined.6 of the Technical Reference Manual for more information). The 2 sets of data specified here are a) the weights for generation of the mass matrix and b) the application of the time varying loads on the structure. STAAD internally generates discrete TIME-FORCE pairs of data from the sine function in steps of time defined by the default value (see section 5.Part I . A uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on some members.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 This is the second stage of command specification for time history analysis.Application Examples 202 Example Problem 22 The parameters of the sine function.0 8 12 FY 15. AMPLITUDE. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0.

The forcing function described by the TYPE 1 load is applied on joints 8 and 12 and it starts to act starting at a time defined by the 1st arrival time number. the sinusoidal force is applied using the "TIME LOAD" command. The FINISH command terminates the STAAD run. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS FINI The above commands are self explanatory.Example Problem 22 Following that. 203 .

16.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.Application Examples 204 Example Problem 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 TIME LOAD 8 12 FX 1 1 PERFORM ANALYSIS . 45. 8. 19. 39. 29. 13 2. 33. 10 10 11 . 11 11 12 . 15 8 13 . 6. 17.5 7 2. 41. * ARRIVAL TIMES 0.0 LOAD 2 SELFWEIGHT X 1. 7. STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR UNIT KNS METER JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 31. 18.0 8 12 FY 15. 3 3 9 . 35. 22. 8 8 9 . 23. 27. 6 2. 20. 12 12 5 13 6 13 .0 JOINT LOAD 8 12 FX 15. 10 2. 10. 42. 43. 40. 11. 26. 36.5 7 0 . 32. 2 2 7 . 3 5 0 5 . 30. 4.38889E-03 ENDING TIME FOR THIS DIGITIZED HARMONIC FUNCTION 1. 37.0 DAMPING 0. 15. 2. 14.5 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 5 . 25.5 9 5 7 5 . 4 4 11 . 24. 13. 5 5 6 . 44.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.075 UNIT METER LOAD 1 MEMBER LOAD 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 UNI GY -10. 3. 7 5 7 0 . 4 0 0 5 5 0 7 0 . 9. 46.5 .66667E+00 28. 34. 8 5 7 2. 6 6 7 7 7 8 .5 7 5 .0 8 12 FZ 15. 12. 14 13 10 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2 5 0 0 .0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. Intl. 5. 16 13 12 UNIT MMS MEMBER PROPERTIES 1 TO 4 PRIS YD 600 ZD 600 5 TO 16 PRIS YD 450 ZD 450 SUPPORTS 1 TO 4 PINNED CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL DENSITY CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 FORCE * FOLLOWING LINES FOR HARMONIC LOADING GENERATOR FUNCTION SINE AMPLITUDE 30 FREQUENCY 60 CYCLES 100 FOR SEQUENTIAL HARMONIC FORCING CURVE NUMBER= 1 NUMBER OF POINTS IN DIGITIZED HARMONIC FUNCTION= 1201 NUMBER OF POINTS PER QUARTER CYCLE OF HARMONIC FUNCTION= 3 FORCE STEP DELTA TIME PER POINT 1. 9 9 10 .Part I . 21. 11 0 7 5 12 0 7 2. 38.

0750 0.04254 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 A C T U A L X Y Z 100.53664 0.05181 0.841255E-06 0.00 0.998 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.113889 Z= -4.509 0.0750 0.998 99.996 99.456 0.127778 47.998 99.00 0.318 19.Example Problem 22 P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 13/ 16/ 4 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.00100.00 0.46 0.000 0.00 MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 5 6 0.00 43.00 0.000 99.00 0.KNS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -1.00 0.999 0.863 1.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 6 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 1.0750 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 66 6 27 6 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 2 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.996 99.456 43.53639 0.000 0.0750 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 99.097819E-08 0.669199E+00 0.00 0.05459 0.996 99.996 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.996 99.665 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 1199 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.214 18.0750 0.303 23.0750 0.00 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS Y= -5.45158 0.998 99.864 2.118056 205 .00 0.000 43.00 0.998 99.000 0.00 0.

00 -1.15 -2.04 0.0002 0.0000 0.12 0.0001 0.00 0.00 -50.00 0.15 2.0001 -0.0001 0.0000 -0.00 1.00 -50.0000 -0.0000 0.15 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 METE X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN -0.00 -1.0000 0.15 -1.0045 -0.00 0.15 2.15 -0.15 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 -0.0001 0.00 -1.0000 0.0002 0.42 -0.0001 -0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 5 1 5 50.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.Application Examples 206 Example Problem 22 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0001 -0.02 -2.02 -2.00 0.0000 0.12 0.0000 0.12 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.0410 -0.0000 0.00 0.15 -0.0001 -0.00 0.0000 0.0001 0.00 0.15 0.15 -2.0000 0.0000 0.02 0.0000 0.42 2.0000 -0.0408 0.0408 0.0000 -0.15 -2.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.00 -15.0408 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.92 4 11 4 11 50.0000 0.15 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0410 0.00 0.00 2.0000 0.0472 0.0583 0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.00 -50.0000 0.0000 -0.15 -0.0045 0.00 -1.00 -0.00 -15.00 0.0000 0.00 1.42 50.0000 0.0000 0.00 -15.0000 0.00 0.15 50.02 0.0000 0.0002 0.00 -0.15 2.00 0.00 2.0045 -0.0001 0.0001 0.00 0.0000 0.0472 0.15 -2.92 2 2 1 2 3 1 2 4 1 2 .0000 0.0472 -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.42 2.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.15 50.0000 0.00 0.0001 0.42 -2.00 -15.0000 -0.02 0.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2.42 -2.00 1 2 3 4 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.02 0.0000 0.42 -2.0000 0.04 0.0001 -0.00 -50.0000 0.15 -0.00 15.0002 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.02 2.00 15.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.00 0.02 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.15 0.0000 0.02 0.12 0.15 -0.42 2.0000 -0.15 50.0000 -0.0000 0.42 -2.15 2.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.42 -0.00 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0002 0.0000 0.00 0.15 0.0005 -0.00 1.04 0.0408 0.15 -1.02 0.0408 -0.0408 0.0001 -0.00 15.02 -0.15 -2.0000 0.15 2.Part I .0045 0.00 15.0000 0.00 2.0000 0.0000 -0.42 -0.0000 0.00 1.00 0.0472 0.0001 0.0000 0.00 0.0005 -0.0410 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE 0.0000 0.0000 0.92 3 9 3 9 50.15 -0.0000 0.15 -0.04 0.0000 0.0002 0.15 2.00 0.15 0.15 1.0000 0.04 0.15 1.42 -0.00 0.0001 0.04 0.02 0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0002 0.0001 0.0000 0.92 2 7 2 7 50.15 2.00 0.0001 0.00 0.0000 0.15 -2.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.15 0.04 0.

64 2.05 -0.00 0.10 0.04 0.00 0.14 9 10 9 10 2.10 -0.36 14.00 0.14 6 13 6 13 0.12 16.00 25.00 0.32 -1.08 0.89 -16.00 13 10 13 10 0.36 -0.07 -0.00 0.14 -0.00 0.10 0.17 13 12 13 12 0.09 -2.00 0.89 -0.32 -1.00 0.32 -1.12 -0.00 -2.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 2.02 0.03 -0.04 -0.12 0.10 0.08 -1.00 0.32 -0.38 -0.00 0.00 0.36 -0.13 0.02 -0.08 -0.08 6 7 6 7 2.12 0.00 -0.02 0.06 0.12 0.05 1.00 -2.32 1.02 -0.00 25.21 0.54 -0.00 0.06 -0.76 -0.38 0.07 0.09 -2.05 -0.38 0.00 0.07 0.03 0.64 2.12 -0.00 0.04 -0.09 -0.89 -16.06 0.00 -0.07 0.64 -0.00 0.06 16.06 0.06 -0.36 14.36 14.07 -0.06 -0.89 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.17 0.64 0.02 0.02 -0.05 -1.14 0.00 8 13 8 13 0.32 0.08 -2.09 -2.09 -2.07 0.07 0.24 -0.06 16.32 1.08 1.14 -0.05 -1.32 -0.02 -0.06 0.54 0.10 25.09 -2.06 -0.05 0.07 -0.08 -14.00 0.07 -0.00 25.09 -2.00 0.09 0.00 0.89 2.07 0.89 -16.00 -0.00 -1.07 0.03 0.03 0.00 0.00 -0.12 -0.00 0.06 1.00 0.04 25.09 -0.32 1.08 -1.14 -0.36 14.06 -0.12 -2.76 2 6 1 2 7 1 2 8 1 2 9 1 2 10 1 2 11 1 2 12 1 2 13 1 2 14 1 2 15 1 2 16 1 2 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 207 .21 -0.Example Problem 22 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.12 -0.07 -0.64 0.13 -2.21 8 9 8 9 2.10 0.06 -1.64 2.14 -0.00 0.00 0.08 -0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.07 -0.00 0.08 -0.14 -0.14 0.12 -0.17 0.00 0.06 -0.09 0.21 12 5 12 5 2.12 0.00 0.00 0.89 -16.08 -0.04 25.00 0.00 -1.04 0.24 0.00 0.64 0.05 1.32 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 1.02 0.54 11 12 11 12 2.32 -0.00 0.04 0.00 0.10 0.06 0.10 -0.08 10 11 10 11 2.00 0.00 1.06 0.05 0.32 0.54 7 8 7 8 2.14 0.38 -0.00 0.12 16.06 1.00 0.36 0.10 25.07 -0.08 2.09 -2.38 0.06 -0.07 -0.38 -0.00 0.32 -1.00 -0.12 -0.08 -14.00 0.89 -2.00 0.32 0.12 -0.08 0.09 -0.00 0.36 0.14 0.00 0.06 0.08 1.06 -1.06 -0.06 0.06 -0.09 -0.24 -0.17 0.06 0.04 0.24 0.08 -14.14 0.38 -0.17 0.10 0.09 -2.09 0.06 -0.32 0.00 0.17 -0.00 0.00 0.64 2.00 0.00 25.00 0.10 -0.00 0.06 -0.00 1.08 0.00 0.38 0.08 0.00 0.10 0.07 0.08 -14.09 0.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Part I .no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.com * * Asia support@bentley.co.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.com * * * * North America support@bentley.Application Examples 208 Example Problem 22 48.co.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co.com * ************************************************************ .de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Pro. FINI *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * Europe support@bentley.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.

The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers. The slab is subjected to pressure loading and analysis of the structure is performed. 23 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to automatically generate spring supports for a slab on grade. 209 .Example Problem 23 Example Problem No.

67 0.0 For joints 1 through 7.0 2.17 6 0. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 3 0.0 REPEAT ALL 3 2. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above.39 4 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 2 0. the joint number followed by the X.0 0. Y and Z axes.0 0.0 0.0 0.78 5 0.0 REPEAT 3 2.17 7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.0 6.83 metres.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 0. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element. REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure. 3 times.0 0. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate .67 0.83 0.0 4.Part I . The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 0.Application Examples 210 Example Problem 23 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 0.0 9.0 13. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 2.83 0.33 2 0. Y and Z coordinates are specified above. The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.

The subgrade modulus of the soil is specified as 1570 KN/cu. 211 . The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with springs which are effective in the global Y direction. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. UNIT METER CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and Poisson’s Ratio are specified following the command CONSTANTS. PRINT SUPP INFO This command will enable us to obtain the details of the support conditions which were generated using the earlier commands. SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 1570. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade reaction to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.m. UNIT CM ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 14. The built-in default value for concrete is used.0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 14 cms following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES.Example Problem 23 the incidences of 96 (= 16 x 6) more elements using the REPEAT command.

It instructs STAAD to factor loads 1 and 2 by a value of 1. 103 FY -2166. 120 121 FY -965. identified with load case number 101. 26 FY -2414. A load combination case.2 The above data describe a static load case. acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the 102 elements. 47 54 82 FY -1175. Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction. . 125 FY -2431. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -1368.2 kN/sq. 113 114 FY -485. 2 1. 29 30 FY -912. 6 FY -2746.Application Examples 212 Example Problem 23 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY –74. 48 55 76 83 FY -2350. 92 93 FY -912.m. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -965. 99 100 FY -1824. is specified above. 22 23 FY -1824. 124 FY -1216.Part I . 5 FY -1373. 27 FY -4828. A pressure load of 74. 104 FY -4333. 8 9 FY -485.0 and then algebraically add the results. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1.

FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. UNIT CM LOAD LIST 101 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 Joint displacements for joints 33 and 56. 213 .Example Problem 23 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is initiated using the above command. for load case 101. and element stresses for elements 34 and 67. is obtained with the help of the above commands.

16.0 0.0 0 0. 14.4 0 2954.0 0.0 0.5 0 11596.0 5 1 6 1 0.39 4 0.0 1 0.5 0 5798.0 0 0.0 0. 23.Part I .0 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 0.0 0 1 0. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.0 0.67 0.67 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 2. 15.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.2 0 5798.0 3 1 4 1 0.3 0 4376. Intl.0 0.17 6 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0. 4. 24.3 0 9263. 3.0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 8752.0 .0 1 0 0. 20.0 0. 9.0 REPEAT 3 2.0 0. 22. 5.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 REPEAT 3 2. 27.2 0 5120.0 0. 19. 11. 18.83 0. PRINT SUPP INFO SUPPORT INFORMATION (1=FIXED.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 9 1 0.0 1 0. 25.0 4.0 0.0 0.0 12 1 13 1 0.0 0 0. 8.0 6.0 1 0.9 0 2410. 21.0 0 0. 6. 26. 28.7 0 4631.17 7 0.Application Examples 214 Example Problem 23 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 1 1 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.83 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 13.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 2 0.0 12.0 0. 2.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0. 17. 12.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT CM ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 14.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 3 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 7 1 8 1 0.0 2.33 2 0.0 0.0 UNIT METER CONSTANTS E CONCRETE ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUB 1570.0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 1477.9 0 11596. 7.0 0.0 0.0 2 1 0.0 0. 0=RELEASED) ------------------UNITS FOR SPRING CONSTANTS ARE KNS METE DEGREES JOINT 1 FORCE-X/ KFX 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.9 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0. 10.0 0 1 0.5 0 10241.0 REPEAT ALL 3 2.0 0 1 0. 13.78 5 0.0 9.0 10 1 11 1 0.0 1 0.

0 0.0 0.0 0.0 27 1 28 1 0.7 0 9951.9 0 9662.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.3 0 8740.0 20 1 21 1 0.0 1 0.8 0 2871.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 4684.0 0.9 0 7221.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 42 1 43 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.9 0 9662.0 1 0.6 0 8258.8 0 2954.5 0 10241.0 0.9 0 9568.0 0.0 0.1 0 4548.0 37 1 38 1 0.0 18 1 19 1 0.0 1 0.0 15 1 16 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 35 1 36 1 0.0 32 1 33 1 0.0 0.0 44 1 45 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 23 1 24 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.1 0 4548.0 0.0 0.0 17 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 46 1 47 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 41 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 25 1 26 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 34 1 0.2 0 2437.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 4820.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.7 0 8752.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0 4820.3 0 8740.0 1 0.9 0 11596.0 0 0.0 215 .0 0.0 0 0.5 0 11596.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.1 0 8450.0 0.0 0.3 0 9263.0 0 10940.0 1 0 0.2 0 2787.0 0 0.0 0 0.6 0 8258.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 7643.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 22 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.5 0 11268.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 10940.0 0 10940.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.1 0 9568.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.5 0 2787.0 1 0.0 0 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 14 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 29 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 39 1 40 1 0.1 0 8505.0 1 0 0.9 0 10940.0 0 0.0 0 0.8 0 9002.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 48 1 0.0 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.7 0 11268.0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 30 1 31 1 0.0 0.0 0.

0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.4 0 8195.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 .0 74 1 75 1 0.0 0 0.0 79 1 80 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 6546.0 0 0.9 0 2088.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 55 1 56 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.1 0 8450.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 72 1 73 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 81 1 82 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.9 0 9568.0 0 0.5 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 83 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.8 0 8195.0 1 0.0 50 1 51 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 62 1 63 1 0.0 0 0.0 53 1 54 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 67 1 68 1 0.0 0 0.6 0 2088.0 0.0 52 1 0.0 58 1 59 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 57 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 60 1 61 1 0.9 0 7221.0 0.0 76 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.8 0 8195.0 1 0 0.4 0 7237.0 0.4 0 7237.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.1 0 6185.0 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 2088.0 0.0 65 1 66 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.Application Examples 216 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 49 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.8 0 8195.4 0 7237.9 0 2088.0 1 0.0 0 0.9 0 3406.9 0 3406.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.7 0 6546.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0 6546.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.4 0 7237.1 0 6185.0 0.0 1 0.0 64 1 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.Part I .0 0 7643.1 0 6185.9 0 3406.0 1 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.9 0 3406.0 1 0.1 0 6185.0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.8 0 8195.0 1 0.0 0.0 70 1 71 1 0.0 1 0.4 0 8195.0 0.0 1 0 0.7 0 6546.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 69 1 0.4 0 8195.1 0 9568.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 2437.0 0 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 3977.0 77 1 78 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.4 0 8195.0 0 0.

0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 102 1 103 1 0.9 0 10940.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 88 1 89 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.9 0 4820.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 217 .0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.1 0 4548.0 0.0 0 0.0 109 1 110 1 0.0 0.9 0 11596.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.7 0 8752.0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 10940.6 0 8258.7 0 9951.0 1 0 0.0 87 1 0.0 85 1 86 1 0.0 99 1 0.0 0.2 0 2871.7 0 8752.6 0 8258.5 0 10241.8 0 2954.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.3 0 8740.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 112 1 113 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.9 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 10940.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 92 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 105 1 106 1 0.5 0 11596.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 4684.0 104 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 3977.5 0 2954.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 100 1 101 1 0.0 1 0.0 118 1 0.0 1 0.0 95 1 96 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 9662.5 0 11596.0 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.3 0 9263.0 0 1 0.8 0 9002.1 0 4548.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 84 1 0.0 0 0.6 0 2787.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0 11268.0 0.0 0.1 0 8505.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 97 1 98 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 90 1 91 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 107 1 108 1 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 114 1 115 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.9 0 11596.0 0 0.0 0 0.5 0 10241.3 0 8740.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.3 0 9263.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 111 1 0.0 0.0 93 1 94 1 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0.0 116 1 117 1 0.0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.9 0 9662.0 0 0.5 0 11268.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 0 1 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0 2787.0 0.0 0 10940.0 0.0 1 0.0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0.0 1 1 0.0 0 1 0.0 0.0 0 1 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.0 0.

0 FORCE-Y/ KFY 0 4820.0 0 0. LOADING COMBINATION 101 TOTAL LOAD 1 1.Application Examples 218 Example Problem 23 JOINT FORCE-X/ KFX 119 1 0.9 0 2410.0 0 1 0. 39.0 1 0.7 0 4631.0 0. 124 FY -1216. 26 FY -2414.0 123 1 124 1 0. 6 FY -2746.0 0.0 0. 92 93 FY -912. 99 100 FY -1824.Part I . 55.0 0. 5 FY -1373. 103 FY -2166. 54.0 0 0. UNIT CM 57. 27 FY -4828.0 0. 51.0 0 0.0 1 0 0.0 1 0. 53.0 0 0. 48 55 76 83 FY -2350.0 125 1 126 1 0. 37. 38. 45. 104 FY -4333.8 0 1477. 120 121 FY -965. 125 FY -2431. 52. LOAD LIST 101 58. 2 1. 36.0 1 0.0 0.2 0 5798. 22 23 FY -1824. 30.0 1 0. 32.0 122 1 0.0 1 1 0. 35. 47. 33.0 1 0 0. 50.0 1 0 0. 46.4 FORCE-Z/ KFZ MOM-X/ KMX MOM-Y/ KMY MOM-Z/ KMZ 1 0 1 0 0.2 LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -965. 31.0 0. 44. 29 30 FY -912.0 0 1 0.3 0 4376.0 0.0 1 0.0 120 1 121 1 0.0 0 0. 47 54 82 FY -1175.0 1 0. 34.0 0 0. 113 114 FY -485. 41.0 0 0.0 0 0. 49.0 0.0 1 0. 42. 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -1368. 43.2 0 5120. 48. 40.0 0. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -74. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 33 56 378 . PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 2.0 ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 29.0 0.0 0.5 0 5798. 8 9 FY -485. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 56.0 0 0.

97 5.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.54 SMIN= SMIN= 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.54 1.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.28 0.22 2.974997E+00 67 101 5.44 SMIN= SMIN= -0.0256 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 TMAX= TMAX= 63.00 40.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.0543 0.97 5.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.312085E+00 -4.03 2.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.0000 0.31 TMAX= TMAX= 1.22 2.96 -0.00 18.co.0282 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 59.2 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 4.44 4.00 ANGLE= ANGLE= 41.LENGTH UNITS= KNS CM STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.13 -4. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.Pro.27 ANGLE= -39.5860 -12.com * ************************************************************ 219 .0000 0.13 0.13 0.58 0.00 -1.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 101 TOP : BOTT: 67 SMAX= SMAX= 101 TOP : BOTT: SMAX= SMAX= SQX VONT TRESCAT SQY VONB TRESCAB -0.0647 0.com * * Asia support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.6 40.Example Problem 23 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 33 56 X-TRANS 101 101 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.2 41.01 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.72 2.312085E+00 PLATE NO.27 1.443144E+00 67 101 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 60.com * * * * North America support@bentley.64 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.72 88.00 2.6 ANGLE= -39. 101 101 2.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.co.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.28 4.com * * Europe support@bentley.co.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.721572E+00 67 101 4.58 MX SX MY SY MXY SXY 2.2476 X-ROTAN 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.43 0. 67 67 CASE NO.0000 0.71 0.31 1.03 4.96 -1.02 2.0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS -10.

Application Examples 220 Example Problem 23 NOTES .Part I .

221 . This example also illustrates the method for applying an “enforced” displacement on the structure. 24 This is an example of the analysis of a structure modelled using “SOLID” finite elements.Example Problem 24 Example Problem No.

0 24 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 2.0 0.0 48 1.0 3.0 0.0 44 0.0 3.0 3.Application Examples 222 Example Problem 24 STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 0.0 0.0 0. Each line contains the data for generating 3 elements.0 28 1. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0. increments of 1 to the . The comment line which begins with an asterisk is an optional title to identify this project.0 0.0 5 1.0 0.0 3.0 1. ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 3 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 6 1 1 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 9 1 1 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO 12 1 1 The incidences of solid elements are defined above.0 0.0 0.0 49 2.0 0.0 45 1.0 52 2.0 3.0 0.0 3.0 21 0.0 32 2.0 12 2.0 4 0.0 2. For example. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. UNIT KNS MET The units for the data that follows are specified above. Then.0 2. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 2. The coordinates of some of those nodes are generated utilizing the fact that they are equally spaced between the extremities.0 1.0 The joint number followed by the X.0 41 0.0 1.0 9 2.0 0.0 0. element number 1 is first defined by all of its 8 nodes. Y and Z axes.0 1.0 29 2.0 1.0 0. The word SOLID is used to signify that these are 8-noded solid elements as opposed to 3-noded or 4-noded plate elements.0 2.0 3.0 25 1.0 3.0 2.0 8 1.Part I .

It consists of selfweight loading and a joint load. and Density are specified. 11 and 12 are generated.25 ALL DENSITY 7. LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. incidences of elements 4. in a tabular form. Poisson's Ratio. Similarly. the details of the incidences and material property values of elements 1 to 5. CONSTANTS E 2.0 223 . LOAD 1 SELF Y -1.0 The above data describe a static load case.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000.Example Problem 24 joint number and 1 to the element number (the defaults) are used for generating incidences for elements 2 and 3.1E7 ALL POIS 0. 8. The ENFORCED support condition is used to declare a point at which an enforced displacement load is applied later (see load case 3). the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). 6. SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED The above lines contain the data for supports for the model. 7 and 10 are defined while those of 5. 9.5 ALL Following the command CONSTANTS above. both in the negative global Y direction. PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 This command will enable us to obtain.

and other details of this type of loading can be found in section 5. LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0.0 In Load case 4. Face 4 is defined as shown in the following table : FACE NUMBER 1 front 2 bottom 3 left 4 top 5 right 6 back f1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 1 Jt 4 Jt 2 Jt 5 SURFACE JOINTS f2 f3 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 2 Jt 6 Jt 5 Jt 8 Jt 8 Jt 7 Jt 3 Jt 7 Jt 6 Jt 7 f4 Jt 2 Jt 5 Jt 4 Jt 3 Jt 6 Jt 8 The above table. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.Pro 2003 Technical Reference manual. UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.0 3 1.32.Application Examples 224 Example Problem 24 Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the positive global X direction.3.0011 Load case 3 consists of an enforced displacement along the global X direction at node 9.0 . 6. a pressure load of 500 pounds/sq. 9 and 12.Part I .ft is applied on Face # 4 of solid elements 3.0 4 1. The displacement in the other enforced support degrees of freedom will default to zero.0 2 1.2 of the STAAD.

forces. which combines the effects of cases 1 & 2.0011 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.0 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX . 225 . consisting of total applied loading and total support reactions from each primary load case is requested along with the instructions to carry out a linear static analysis. changes in support conditions etc. the program merely calculates the end results (displacements.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1. In a REPEAT LOAD case. MEMBER TENSION and MEMBER COMPRESSION situations.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 5 SELF Y -1. reactions) by gathering up the corresponding values from the individual components of the combination case.0 Load case 10 is a combination load case. This difference in approach is quite important in that non-linear problems such as PDELTA ANALYSIS.Example Problem 24 Load case 5 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. factoring them. and then algebraically summing them up.0 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 through 4 acting simultaneously. While the syntax of this might look very similar to that of the REPEAT LOAD case shown in case 5. In other words. there is a fundamental difference. the program computes the displacements by multiplying the inverted stiffness matrix by the load vector built for the REPEAT LOAD case.0 2 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK A static equilibrium report. But in solving load combination cases. not load combination cases. should be handled using REPEAT LOAD cases.

Part I . The word SOLID is used to signify that these are solid elements as opposed to plate or shell elements. UNIT NEWTON MMS PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 This command requests the program to provide the element stress results at the nodes of elements 4 and 6. UNIT KNS METER PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS Reactions at the supports are obtained using the above command.Application Examples 226 Example Problem 24 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 Global displacements at nodes 8 and 9 are obtained using the above command. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. . The results will be printed for all the load cases.

33.0 0.0 3.0000E+00 0.0 2.0000000E+00 0. 8.0 44 0. 13.5000E+00 0.0 21 0. 4.1000002E+07 2.0 3. -------------------ALL UNITS ARE . 19. 11. 36.0 3.5 ALL PRINT ELEMENT INFO SOLID LIST 1 TO 5 ELEMENT NODE-1 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 21 22 NODE-2 NODE-3 5 6 7 25 26 6 7 8 26 27 NODE-4 NODE-5 2 3 4 22 23 3 6 1 1 9 1 1 12 1 1 NODE-6 21 22 23 41 42 NODE-7 25 26 27 45 46 26 27 28 46 47 NODE-8 22 23 24 42 43 MATERIAL PROPERTIES.0 0. 18.0 1. 10. 7.5000E+00 7. 9. 17.0000000E+00 SUPPORTS 1 5 21 25 29 41 45 49 PINNED 9 ENFORCED LOAD 1 SELF Y -1. 2. 3.0 28 1.0000E+00 0.0 2. 23.0000000E+00 0. 32. 35.0 1.0 2.0000E+00 0. 29. YOUNG'S MODULUS 2.5000E+00 7.0 JOINT LOAD 28 FY -1000.0 0.Example Problem 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 LOAD 2 JOINT LOADS 2 TO 4 22 TO 24 42 TO 44 FX 100.0 3.0 0.0 25 1.0 0. 5.0000000E+00 0. STAAD SPACE *EXAMPLE PROBLEM USING SOLID ELEMENTS UNIT KNS MET JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0.0 0.KNS MET ELEMENT 1 2 3 4 5 24. 27.0 1. 25. 34.0 45 1.25 ALL DENSITY 7.0 24 0.0000000E+00 0.0 48 1.0 0.0 3.0 3.0 9 2. 6.0 0. 28.0 5 1.0 4 0.0 0. 31.0 0.0 2.0 29 2.0 3. 30.0 1.1000002E+07 MODULUS OF RIGIDITY 0.0 LOAD 3 SUPPORT DISPLACEMENT 9 FX 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0 41 0.1E7 ALL POIS 0. 21.1000002E+07 2.0 8 1.0 0.0 49 2.0 32 2.1000002E+07 2.0 3.0011 DENSITY ALPHA 7.0 1. 26.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES SOLID 1 1 5 6 2 21 25 26 22 TO 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 TO 7 5 9 10 6 25 29 30 26 TO 10 25 29 30 26 45 49 50 46 TO CONSTANTS E 2.5000E+00 7.0 52 2.1000002E+07 2.0 0.0 12 2.0 0.0 2. 20.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 0. 15. 12. Intl.0 2. 16.0000E+00 227 .0000E+00 0.0 3.5000E+00 7. 22.0 1. 14.

00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1089999.98 MY= 0.93 2 .0 UNIT KNS MMS LOAD 5 REPEAT LOAD 1 1.97 MZ= 1 2 ) -1799999. 46. 23 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 9 EQN. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 5 AT JOINT 9 EQN. 41. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 900.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.Application Examples 228 Example Problem 24 37.0 LOAD COMB 10 1 1.98 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.NO.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 38. UNIT POUND FEET LOAD 4 ELEMENT LOAD SOLIDS 3 6 9 12 FACE 4 PRE GY -500.00 = 0.00 = -1090. 43.0 2 1.0 4 1.Some or all of the rotational zero stiffness warnings may be due to solid elements in the model. STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.12983E-03 RX= 0. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.00000E+00 1 ) 1089999. 47.98 MY= 0. 39.00000E+00 RZ= 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1089999.NO.0 2 1.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 36/ 12/ 9 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 5.00 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = -1.00 0.00 MY= 899999.0 3 1.01204E-02 Z = 1.98 CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 23 28 7 0 0 0 1) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO. 42.00 MZ= 1 ) -1089999. 24 Note .NO.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 87 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 4 AT JOINT 9 EQN.Part I . Solids do not have rotational stiffnesses at nodes. 22 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED. 45.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1090.00000E+00 RY= 0. 40. 44.12983E-03 Y = -1.

00 MZ= CM /RADIANS) (LOADING NODE 50 28 50 0 0 0 3 3 ) 4 ) 95760.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 95760.52 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.52 MY= 0.00 0.00 3 ) SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00 0.00 MY= 0.00 MY= 0.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.52 4) 4 229 .00000E+00 0 2) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.21497E-02 6 Z = 1.00 95.00000E+00 4 ) -95760.61372E-02 24 RX= 0.00 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.00000E+00 RY= 0.97 MZ= 2 ) 1799999.00000E+00 RZ= 0.49033E-04 10 RX= 0.52 MY= 0.83934E-03 4 Z = 9.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 MZ= 0.00 -95.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -95760.00000E+00 0 3) STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00 MZ= ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS SUMMATION FORCE-X = SUMMATION FORCE-Y = SUMMATION FORCE-Z = MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( MAXIMUMS AT X = 3.00 MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.76 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.Example Problem 24 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.76 0.93 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 2. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS = = = MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING 0.22892E-02 4 Y = 7.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.35288E-04 Z = -3.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.00 0.17652E-05 Y = -3.00 MY= -899999.17652E-05 RX= 0.

90 0.67 -31.0000 0.19 0. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------JOINT 1 5 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 16.0000 0.05 -228. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 8 9 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 8 9 LOAD 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 X-TRANS 0.05 42.0000 0.00 0.00 -1703.0193 0.63 26.63 -181.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 49.0001 -0.0000 0.52 -256.50 MY= -899999.00 0.0081 -0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -1185760.94 -56.0000 X-ROTAN 0.97 MZ= 5 5 ) -2985760.32 -1641.0200 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.20 6.00 0.32 -62.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0003 -0.0000 0.00 0.62734E-02 4 RX= 0.0000 0.0000 0.37 -232.0009 0.00 0.24 -202.0000 0.0000 0.42 743.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -72.00 0.00000E+00 0 5 ) 2985760.0000 0.0000 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 1185760.0000 0.76 = 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 = -1185.24 -1.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0010 0.00 0.00 0.0089 0.48 11.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0009 0.00 -62.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0. UNIT KNS METER 50.18 -119.00 0.1100 0.0049 -0.0000 0.87 -158.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.32 74.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.43 5) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 48.0000 0.1100 0.00000E+00 0 RY= 0.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 1185.00 0.00 0.13 -31.68 -16.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.85 -0.98 -263.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0062 -0.27 1.43 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = -900.25 11.0393 0.00000E+00 0 RZ= 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 .0000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS -0. ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KNS MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 900.97 902.52 -94.0000 0.50 MY= 899999.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10000E-01 9 Y = -1.00 0.0200 0.67 -30.Part I .00 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.30 135.66887E-02 12 Z = 1.0000 0.79 -2.0008 0.13 146.97 MZ= MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 1.Application Examples 230 Example Problem 24 STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.76 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.

25 -450.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 -1.301 -0.088 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.269 SE= -0.00 0.00 0.95 -1.707 0.280 -0.011 -0.014 -0.00 0.52 181.00 0.00 0.000 0.00 0.62 300.12 1.016 0.707 231 .61 -16.18 -159.00 -2057.00 0.97 -315.52 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 135.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.051 S3= -0.52 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.66 -158.85 0.80 0.011 4 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.00 0.05 -42.00 0.005 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 0.67 -273.009 -0.68 74.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 384.00 0.05 -23.009 0.03 119.03 135.03 1313.25 11.00 0.12 31.095 -0.00 0.00 0.52 1250.00 0.00 0.00 0.24 207.00 0.42 -75.24 1.00 0.38 6.00 0.00 0.24 -89.00 0.40 146.35 3916.00 -31.00 384.00 0.00 0.002 0.00 0.00 0.002 -0.00 0.00 0.85 -170.84 -292.00 0.00 0.46 -26.40 135.005 0.00 0.61 0.92 -334.00 0.00 0.12 16.00 0.26 0.008 -0.00 0.003 -0.00 0.00 16.00 0.00 0. PRINT ELEMENT JOINT STRESS SOLID LIST 4 6 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.011 -0.00 0.095 -0.04 0.269 -0.52 -176.52 9.13 6.59 74.00 0.58 251.87 21.004 0.20 11.00 0.08 0.003 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.005 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.98 185.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.003 0.00 0.05 -81.00 0.37 226.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.001 0.40 74.00 0.00 0.00 0.021 0.26 0.00 0.204 -0.076 -0.07 0.13 31.00 0.63 -547.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 61.280 -0.32 -16.90 16.19 0.707 0.00 0.00 -1097.004 -0.00 0.00 -1919.77 -61.046 S2= -0.00 0.280 -0.00 0.098 -0.008 -0.00 0.36 11.00 1 2 3 4 5 10 -16.89 300. UNIT NEWTON MMS 52.05 45.00 0.016 -0.63 -425.00 0.00 0.707 -0.00 0.00 0.97 -595.99 6.79 -138.78 -56.009 -0.041 0.003 -0.00 0.63 514.00 0.00 -138.37 226.00 0.00 0.00 0.17 2.52 -143.00 -105.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 51.24 -855.00 0.75 -97.00 0.51 524.32 -43.00 -1097.27 -2.311 -0.05 -72.00 0.098 -0.046 -0.37 -232.00 0.18 -202.24 261.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 629.001 -0.008 -0.27 390.00 -187.25 11.011 0.00 0.05 -45.00 0.00 0.00 0.70 0.009 -0.00 0.008 0.076 -0.011 -0.02 -97.36 -62.52 3818.088 -0.83 -1.00 0.00 -187.85 1.214 -0.005 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 -159.00 -62.98 -459.00 0.70 0.Example Problem 24 JOINT LOAD 21 25 29 41 45 49 9 FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 1 2 3 4 5 10 31.280 -0.00 0.003 -0.00 0.52 -184.011 -0.35 -77.34 807.34 51.97 83.003 0.05 -81.77 566.223 0.26 -128.00 0.98 11.76 2.00 0.25 431.

360 -0.020 0.565 0.082 0.191 0.054 0.809 -0.023 -0.255 0.087 0.123 -0.016 0.014 SE= 0.000 0.602 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.024 -0.147 0.056 0.001 -0.138 0.472 0.705 0.162 -0.716 0.210 0.078 -0.016 0.313 4 3 CENTER S1= DC= 0.036 0.296 0.001 -0.210 -0.618 0.176 0.029 -0.976 0.469 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.106 0.284 0.487 0.516 -0.076 0.165 -0.355 0.019 0.220 0.751 0.152 S2= 0.236 4 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.160 0.016 0.247 0.001 -0.703 0.036 0.000 0.760 -0.334 -0.128 SE= 0.024 -0.154 -0.000 0.024 -0.125 0.060 0.589 0.005 -0.215 0.021 0.102 0.Part I .283 -0.617 0.001 -0.035 1.009 0.010 -0.008 -0.005 -0.036 -0.300 0.114 0.741 -0.675 0.685 0.021 -0.795 0.129 0.004 S2= -0.649 0.354 0.064 0.000 0.170 -0.000 0.705 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.008 0.474 0.538 0.512 1.228 -0.062 0.372 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.040 -0.328 0.257 0.008 0.002 -0.001 4 4 CENTER S1= DC= -0.147 -0.376 0.365 0.024 SE= -0.001 -0.324 1.000 0.001 -0.324 -0.228 0.030 -0.024 -0.006 -0.092 1.001 -0.011 0.332 0.051 0.258 0.000 0.027 -0.004 -0.132 0.102 0.586 0.225 -0.001 -0.218 0.327 0.046 0.386 0.036 0.054 S3= 0.093 0.088 0.602 0.012 0.661 0.003 0.047 0.143 0.024 0.001 0.008 0.064 -0.219 0.506 0.724 -0.707 0.001 0.822 0.028 -0.001 -0.515 0.008 -0.036 0.099 S2= 0.015 0.011 -0.022 0.518 -0.867 0.321 0.011 0.255 0.243 SE= -0.054 -0.928 0.038 -0.001 0.001 0.238 0.242 0.011 SE= 0.189 0.251 0.240 0.425 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 -0.908 0.082 0.001 -0.036 0.053 1.165 0.026 -0.001 -0.008 0.490 0.016 -0.129 0.286 -0.705 1.403 0.597 0.041 S3= 0.022 -0.525 0.093 S3= 0.161 0.806 -0.001 -0.630 0.221 0.551 0.066 0.574 -0.012 0.133 -0.030 0.014 0.003 -0.014 0.298 -0.001 -0.366 -0.878 0.249 0.082 -0.050 -0.253 0.499 0.034 -0.101 S3= 0.040 0.998 .007 0.234 -0.244 0.153 0.024 -0.024 -0.031 1.345 0.001 -0.004 S3= -0.435 0.511 0.Application Examples 232 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 21 25 26 22 41 45 46 42 0.235 -0.201 S2= 0.123 0.060 -0.343 0.103 0.223 0.006 0.217 0.029 -0.089 0.704 0.022 -0.022 -0.065 0.071 0.015 0.001 -0.001 -0.034 -0.005 -0.153 0.005 -0.067 0.045 0.606 0.227 -0.090 -0.055 0.247 4 2 CENTER S1= DC= 0.001 -0.027 0.011 0.188 -0.020 0.259 0.472 0.548 4 5 CENTER S1= DC= 0.237 -0.152 -0.707 0.498 1.054 -0.000 0.001 -0.994 0.001 0.744 0.255 0.008 0.225 -0.099 1.045 -0.026 -0.001 -0.008 -0.285 0.951 0.186 -0.026 -0.001 -0.330 0.107 -0.070 0.008 -0.053 S2= 0.452 -0.000 -0.228 0.183 0.014 0.000 0.

032 0.000 0.057 -0.312 -0.233 -0.000 0.213 SE= -0.334 -0.000 0.341 SE= -0.000 0.496 -0.000 0.550 -0.024 0.422 0.051 -0.030 0.464 6 2 CENTER S1= DC= -0.236 -0.000 0.014 -0.000 6 4 CENTER S1= DC= 0.181 -0.010 -0.000 0.024 -0.484 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.619 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.428 -1.010 -0.000 0.042 SE= -0.065 0.014 -0.463 -1.009 -0.105 0.096 -0.043 -0.047 0.064 0.000 0.316 0.000 0.081 -0.001 -0.182 0.083 -0.789 0.125 -0.165 233 .051 0.230 -0.035 -0.033 0.397 -0.056 -0.018 0.000 S3= 0.160 -0.016 -0.055 -0.000 0.060 -0.076 0.323 -0.081 0.040 -0.021 -0.497 0.051 -0.429 -0.708 -1.254 -0.047 -0.158 -0.000 -0.458 0.088 -0.024 -0.233 -0.901 -0.000 0.091 -0.108 0.001 -0.032 -0.014 -0.103 -0.078 -0.146 -0.000 0.008 0.108 0.098 -0.136 0.000 0.052 0.085 -0.552 -0.813 -1.152 -0.000 0.057 0.242 -0.043 -0.707 0.674 0.003 -0.112 -0.000 -0.341 0.092 0.585 -0.707 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.874 -0.023 0.069 0.056 0.094 0.005 -0.024 -0.043 -0.428 -0.051 S2= -0.024 -0.076 0.802 -0.232 -0.202 -0.060 0.060 0.115 -0.397 -0.019 -0.707 0.102 0.106 -0.061 0.146 -0.Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.928 -0.000 0.041 -0.049 -0.000 0.021 -0.024 SE= 0.000 0.002 0.065 0.038 0.083 0.317 -0.140 -0.134 0.363 -0.012 -0.056 -0.003 -0.149 0.020 -0.024 0.770 6 5 CENTER S1= DC= -0.057 0.040 0.005 0.046 0.819 0.000 0.514 -0.025 -0.003 -0.013 -0.314 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 -0.053 0.073 0.014 0.000 0.489 0.082 0.160 -0.072 -0.000 0.017 0.314 0.053 6 3 CENTER S1= DC= -0.000 -0.550 0.018 -0.047 S2= -0.323 -0.291 -0.136 -0.126 0.001 S3= 0.112 -0.051 -0.000 0.049 -0.507 0.263 0.000 -0.210 S3= -0.112 -0.006 -0.609 -0.064 -0.051 0.000 0.000 0.101 0.000 0.005 S2= -0.102 0.619 0.971 -0.013 -0.119 0.046 S3= -0.005 -0.024 -0.273 -0.005 0.000 0.018 -0.000 0.082 -0.163 0.007 0.253 -0.100 -0.351 SE= 0.098 -0.013 -0.031 0.007 -0.048 0.174 -0.000 0.001 S2= -0.428 -0.014 -0.670 -0.707 0.002 -0.128 -0.016 0.497 -0.027 -0.030 0.019 -0.402 0.053 -0.000 0.000 S2= 0.039 -0.335 0.274 -0.329 0.177 0.041 0.707 -0.001 S3= 0.082 -0.000 0.056 0.028 -0.707 -0.190 0.160 -0.000 0.076 0.253 6 1 CENTER S1= DC= -0.000 0.003 0.819 -0.420 -0.046 -0.428 0.294 -0.000 0.000 0.670 0.064 0.126 -0.024 0.000 0.000 0.317 -0.273 -0.000 0.031 0.024 -0.024 -0.006 -0.033 0.181 -0.183 0.402 -0.000 0.042 -0.000 0.000 0.052 -0.320 0.552 0.000 0.012 -0.484 0.109 0.253 0.000 0.196 0.019 -0.041 -0.329 -0.004 -0.077 0.023 -0.

034 -0.298 SE= 0.605 -0.005 0.285 -0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.469 -0.411 0.070 0.472 0.555 0.204 -0.278 -0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.055 0.879 -0.co.733 -1.234 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.com * * Asia support@bentley.Part I .com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.119 -0.540 -1.com * ************************************************************ .255 -0.083 -0.323 0.304 -0.822 0.046 -0.036 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.029 -0.717 6 10 CENTER S1= DC= -0.120 -0.457 -0.108 0.479 0.025 -0.111 -0.259 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Pro.262 -0.049 -0.052 S2= -0.co.032 -0.084 0.015 -0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.350 -0.388 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.128 -0.766 -0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.039 -0.206 S3= -0.399 -0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.279 -0.034 0.129 -0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.245 -0.203 -0.com * * Europe support@bentley.037 0.013 -0.240 -0.177 -0.401 -0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.044 -0.Application Examples 234 Example Problem 24 ELEMENT STRESSES UNITS= NEWTMMS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NODE/ NORMAL STRESSES SHEAR STRESSES ELEMENT LOAD CENTER SXX SYY SZZ SXY SYZ SZX ------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 23 27 28 24 43 47 48 44 0.735 0.028 -0.526 -0.co.217 53.317 -0.822 -0.

Verification Problem 25 Example Problem No. 235 . the PERFORM ANALYSIS command is specified once for each primary load case. Since the structural condition is load dependent. 25 This example demonstrates the usage of compression-only members.

5 . 5 5. . with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command. 4 5. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . UNIT METER KNS Units for the commands to follow are specified above.Application Examples 236 Example Problem 25 This example has been created to illustrate the command specification for a structure with certain members capable of carrying compressive force only.25 3.0 . the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data.0 . the set of ‘active’ members (and hence the stiffness matrix) is load case dependent.25 0 Joint coordinates of joints 1 to 6 are defined above. To accommodate these requirements. The second line is an optional comment line. Also. 3 0 7. it is necessary to have 2 commands. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”. 6 5. the members which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. It is important to note that the analysis can be done for only 1 load case at a time. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).5 .25 7. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.Part I . SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases. This is because. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS The input data is initiated with the word STAAD. This structure is a PLANE frame. Consequently. 2 0 3.

if during the analysis.Verification Problem 25 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 . 6 1 5 . it is disabled from the structure and the analysis is carried out again with the modified structure. MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 Members 6 to 9 are defined as COMPRESSION-only members. MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 Members 1 to 10 are assigned the UC152X152X30 section from the British steel table. material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity). 9 3 5 . In this case. 8 2 4 . any of the members 6 to 9 is found to be carrying a tensile force. CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DEN STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL Following the command CONSTANTS. the built-in default value of steel is assigned. Hence for each load case. 10 2 5 The members 1 to 10 are defined along with the joints they are connected to. 7 2 6 . density and Poisson’s ratio are specified. SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED Joints 1 and 6 are declared as pinned-supported. 237 .

Application Examples 238 Example Problem 25 LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 Load 1 is defined above and consists of joint loads in the global X direction at joints 2 and 3. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above structure is analyzed for load case 1. The members with the compression-only attribute are specified again.Part I . Next. LOAD 2 JOINT LOAD 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 In load case 2. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case. joint loads are applied in the negative global X direction at joints 4 and 5. Without the re-activation. any compression-only members that were inactivated during the second analysis (due to the fact that they were subjected to tensile axial forces) are re-activated with the CHANGE command. CHANGE MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 One or more among the members 6 to 9 may have been in-activated in the previous analysis. these members cannot be accessed for further processing. PERFORM ANALYSIS CHANGE The instruction to analyze the structure is specified again. .

The LOAD LIST ALL command enables all the load cases in the structure to be made active for further processing. In other words.Verification Problem 25 LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. We would like the program to analyze the structure for loads from cases 1 and 2 acting simultaneously. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The program is instructed to write the joint displacements. LOAD LIST ALL At the end of any analysis. CHANGE The members inactivated during the analysis of load case 3 are reactivated for further processing. support reactions and member forces to the output file. only those load cases for which the analysis was done most recently.0 2 1. the above instruction is the same as the following: LOAD 3 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 4 FX -45 5 FX -70 PERFORM ANALYSIS The analysis is carried out for load case 3. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated. 239 .0 Load case 3 illustrates the technique employed to instruct STAAD to create a load case which consists of data to be assembled from other load cases already specified earlier. are recognized as the "active" load cases.

1. 14 CHANGE LOAD 3 REPEAT LOAD 1 1. 6. 12.5 . 9 3 5 . 6 1 5 . 5 5. 4 FX -45 30.25 3.0 2 1. STAAD PLANE * EXAMPLE FOR COMPRESSION-ONLY MEMBERS UNIT METER KNS SET NL 3 JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 . 11. 23. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 24. 7 2 6 . Intl. 3. 34. JOINT LOAD 29. 17. Case= 1 2 iterations. LOAD 2 28. 36.Part I . Case= 3 2 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 32.5 . 5.0 .25 7. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS . 16. 8 2 4 . 9. 33.0 . 21. 20. CHANGE 25. 5 FX -70 31. PERFORM ANALYSIS **START ITERATION NO. MEMBER COMPRESSION 26.25 0 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 5 . 2. 35. 7.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 37. CHANGE 38. Case= 2 1 iterations. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2 iterations. 3 0 7. 18. 6 TO 9 27. 4. 19. 4 5.Application Examples 240 Example Problem 25 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. LOAD LIST ALL 39. 6 5. 22. 10. 14. 13. 2 0 3. 10 2 5 MEMBER COMPRESSION 6 TO 9 MEMBER PROPERTY BRITISH 1 TO 10 TA ST UC152X152X30 CONSTANTS E STEEL ALL DEN STEEL ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 6 PINNED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD 2 FX 70 3 FX 45 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 10/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = **START ITERATION NO. 15. 8.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.

00 0.0000 0.0007 0.0003 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.79 -0.0000 0.00 0.38 -106.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KNS ----------------- STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE X-ROTAN 0.00 0.67 30.00 0.87 0.0003 0.00 1 6 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.0000 JOINT Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 0.0003 0.0000 0.00 0.79 -27.22 -6.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.12 -0.00 0.91 0.0082 -0.03 -0.15 -0.0000 0.13 114.00 0.00 0.2960 -0.0000 0.0000 Z-ROTAN 0.0000 0.1648 -0.00 0.0000 0.03 4 5 4 5 4 5 0.0003 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.15 -0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.67 -106.0000 0.0003 0.00 0.0000 0.00 -0.49 11.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0475 -0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.0000 -0.0000 0.94 0.45 0.08 -0.0000 0.91 29.0000 0.00 0.0135 0.00 0.0000 0.45 -0.0000 0.67 106.00 0.08 -0.1946 0.2959 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0031 0.49 0.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.08 -0.0093 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.15 -29.00 0.00 0.0000 0.33 0.0000 0.09 2 3 2 3 2 3 -29.12 27.0000 0.0000 METE Y-ROTAN 0.0093 0.1648 -0.00 0.0000 0.03 0.15 0.87 10.0000 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.15 0.03 0.0000 0.00 0.Verification Problem 25 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 1 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 X-TRANS RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.00 0.38 0.0135 0.0000 0.0475 0.0007 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0141 0.12 0.21 0.24 -0.0000 0.12 -0.00 0.12 0.0000 0.00 0.0000 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.21 0.2959 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.24 -0.00 0.00 -0.0002 0.00 0.00 0.0031 0.0000 0.03 -0.24 0.15 0.0000 0.00 0.24 0.00 0.67 106.0000 0.00 0.15 -11.00 0.91 29.00 0.13 -0.0000 0.13 -10.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.67 0.49 0.45 -0.00 0.0000 0.45 0.00 0.0002 0.0000 0.0005 0.0003 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.0609 -0.38 0.0000 -0.03 -0.22 -30.00 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.12 -0.0000 -0.00 0.0141 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.12 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.00 106.0000 0.0001 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -0.0082 -0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.45 -0.2960 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.0135 0.0000 0.15 -0.13 -0.73 0.0000 0.00 0.00 0.08 2 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 241 .49 11.33 -0.00 0.91 -11.00 0.94 6.00 0.38 -114.0135 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 -106.00 0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0001 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.1946 -0.00 0.33 0.0000 0.0000 0.12 -0.0609 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.0000 0.0000 0.03 3 4 3 4 3 4 0.00 0.03 0.

00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 -0.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 5 3 5 3 5 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.21 -0.66 -53.51 -12.01 2 3 6 1 2 3 7 1 2 3 8 1 2 3 9 1 2 3 10 1 2 3 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 40.00 -0.67 -6.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.13 0.00 0.00 0.22 -30.00 0.67 106.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 -20.00 0.00 0.13 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.81 -137.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.00 12.00 0.31 -0.00 0.00 0.00 2 5 2 5 2 5 -44.94 0.00 0.55 44.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.KNS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 5 6 5 6 5 6 30.00 0.00 0.co.81 -137.66 -53.55 42.00 0.55 -44.00 0.00 -0.00 0.72 0.00 20.00 0.55 44.00 0.co.00 0.94 6.com * * Europe support@bentley.00 0.00 0.29 -0.00 0.com * ************************************************************ .00 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.82 -0.66 20.31 0.22 -106.00 0.00 0.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.31 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 -42.00 0.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.Application Examples 242 Example Problem 25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.00 0.00 137.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 4 2 4 2 4 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.00 0.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.00 0.72 -20.51 -12.81 12.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 53.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.Part I .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.81 0.00 0.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.73 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 5 1 5 1 5 0.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 6 2 6 2 6 137.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.82 -0.00 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.

the floors are specified to be rigid diaphragms for inplane actions but flexible for bending actions. 26 The structure in this example is a building consisting of member columns as well as floors made up of beam members and plate elements. 243 .Example Problem 26 Example Problem No. Using the master-slave command.

7 9 10 9 . 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 . The second line is an optional title to identify this project. 22 29 30 24 . are then deleted. Y and Z axes. 82 58 62 84 . 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 .Application Examples 244 Example Problem 26 STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 91 26 10 93 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . UNITS KIP FT Specify units for the following data. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 64 26 30 66 . 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 109 50 34 111 . The unwanted joints. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 . 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 46 61 62 48 . 118 62 46 120 The MEMBER INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying MEMBER connectivities. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 .Part I . 73 42 46 75 . JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 The joint numbers and coordinates are specified above. . 100 38 22 102 . created during the generation process used above. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. 55 10 14 57 . 4 5 6 6 . 37 49 50 39 .

Poisson's Ratio. ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0.Example Problem 26 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 The ELEMENT INCIDENCE specification is used for specifying plate element connectivities. CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. the material constants such as E (Modulus of Elasticity).0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 Following the command CONSTANTS above. and Density are specified. MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 All members are WIDE FLANGE sections whose properties are obtained from the built in American steel table.75 The thickness of the plate elements is specified above. Built-in default values for steel and concrete 245 .

The floors may still resist out-of-plane bending actions flexibly.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30. It consists of joint loads in the global Z direction. The orientation of some of the members is set using the BETA angle command. The associated slave joints in a floor are specified by the YRANGE parameter.0 The 3 floors of the structure are specified to act as rigid diaphragms in the ZX plane with the corresponding master joint specified.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.0 49. LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10.0 33. SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.0 .0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20.0 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.0 The above data describe a static load case. SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED The supports at the above mentioned joints are declared as fixed.Part I .0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30.0 17.Application Examples 246 Example Problem 26 for these quantities are assigned.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.

then print member forces for two members. It consists of joint loads that create a torsional loading on the structure. then print support reactions at selected joints. 247 . LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.Example Problem 26 The above data describe a static load case. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 Print displacements at selected joints. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.0 The above data describe a static load case. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above command instructs the program to proceed with the analysis. It consists of plate element pressure on a floor in the negative global Y direction.

118 62 46 120 ELEMENT INCI 152 50 34 38 54 TO 154 155 54 38 42 58 TO 157 158 58 42 46 62 TO 160 161 34 18 22 38 TO 163 164 38 22 26 42 TO 166 167 42 26 30 46 TO 169 170 18 2 6 22 TO 172 173 22 6 10 26 TO 175 176 26 10 14 30 TO 178 MEMBER PROPERTIES AMERICAN 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 48 TA ST W14X90 49 TO 120 TABLE ST W27X84 ELEMENT PROP 152 TO 178 THICK 0. 57. 103 42 26 105 106 46 30 108 . 48. 42. 4 5 6 6 . 55 10 14 57 .75 CONSTANTS E STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 DENSITY STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 POISSON STEEL MEMB 1 TO 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 120 BETA 90. 91 26 10 93 . 41. 25 33 34 27 34 45 46 36 . 7. 94 30 14 96 97 34 18 99 . 51. 22 29 30 24 . 13. 46 61 62 48 . 14.0 6 7 8 10 11 12 18 19 20 30 31 32 FZ 20. 58. 73 42 46 75 . 37. 49.Part I . 4. 52. 7 9 10 9 . 34.0 34 35 36 46 47 48 54 55 56 58 59 60 FZ 20. 32. 8.0 6 7 8 18 19 20 FZ 10. 28. 27. 60. Intl. 109 50 34 111 . 49 2 6 51 52 6 10 54 . 9. 61. 82 58 62 84 . 38. 44. 2. 100 38 22 102 . 47.Application Examples 248 Example Problem 26 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 . 50. 23. 67 34 38 69 70 38 42 72 . 55. 10 13 14 12 13 17 18 15 . 21. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 54. 76 50 54 78 79 54 58 81 . 37 49 50 39 . 24.0 22 23 24 26 27 28 38 39 40 42 43 44 FZ 40.0 MEMB 13 14 15 22 TO 27 34 TO 39 E CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 DENSITY CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 152 TO 178 SUPPORTS 1 TO 17 BY 4 29 33 45 TO 61 BY 4 FIXED SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 22 JOINTS YR 15.0 14 15 16 62 63 64 FZ 15. 40. 36. 26.0 10 11 12 30 31 32 FZ 30. 17. 10. 22.0 33. 31. 43. 64 26 30 66 .0 LOADING 2 TORSIONAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 50 51 52 FZ 5. 3. 5. 85 18 2 87 88 22 6 90 . 59. 6. 16. 29. STAAD SPACE *MODELING RIGID DIAPHRAGMS USING MASTER SLAVE UNITS KIP FT JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 4 0 48 0 REPEAT 3 24 0 0 REPEAT ALL 3 0 0 24 DELETE JOINT 21 25 37 41 MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 3 . 45. 53. 25.0 49. 35. 20. 46. 58 18 22 60 61 22 26 63 .0 LOADING 1 LATERAL LOADS JOINT LOADS 2 3 4 14 15 16 50 51 52 62 63 64 FZ 10.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 24 JOINTS YR 47.0 SLAVE DIA ZX MASTER 23 JOINTS YR 31. 112 54 38 114 115 58 42 117 . 12.0 17. 15. 18. 19. 39. 11.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 30. 56. 33. 40 53 54 42 43 57 58 45 .

32921 8.00 -0.00140 -0.00031 -0.00 0.00120 0.32921 8.32921 8.00166 0.00 0.00056 -0.00056 -0.08468 -0. PRINT MEMBER FORCES LIST 116 115 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.07454 0.00030 0.01 0.00000 0.06556 -1.00 0.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 116 1 59 43 59 43 59 43 0.09261 0.00159 0.00028 -0.0 46 47 48 58 59 60 FZ 30.45739 8.19716 0.00 125.84 -85.00056 -0.00504 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 71.00363 -0.58 2 3 115 1 58 0.34 -129.21215 -21.07454 0.23216 0.00046 -0.23 -85.Example Problem 26 62.45046 -0.73 5. 68.00503 -0.00 -125.00 0.10 129.00017 -0.23216 0.00 -0.00245 0.09027 8.01 42 0.00207 -0.00 0.07823 -0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 153 70.13263 6.01 42 0.00057 -0.0 22 23 24 38 39 40 FZ 20.86677 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN Z-ROTAN 8.00025 -0.45739 8.50252 -0.00495 -0.38 208.33161 -0.00 0.82 1835.39 0.0 LOADING 3 DEAD LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 152 TO 178 PRESS GY -1.00056 -0.02166 1.00090 0.00088 -0.59584 0.00041 -0.00363 -0.00791 -0.07792 0.01 0.00014 0.02115 -1.00 7.00363 -0.07468 -0.00 0.32 0.25499 -0.00363 -0.34 42 0.96702 -0.00 0.04609 1.39 0.00 0.87442 -0.13 1173.32 -0.00452 -0.00041 -0.00028 0.59584 0.00 0.00002 0.0 26 27 28 42 43 44 FZ 60.00 0.00 0.13263 6.00 198.00 0.00041 -0. 67.00162 0. 66.09027 0.00031 0.01 3 58 0.21215 -0.00363 -0.83 1407.04712 0.64214 -0.00 0.00 0.27 1696.00056 -0.04703 0.00014 0.00041 -0.00041 -0.49676 0.04704 -0. 65.64214 -0.00024 0.00059 0.00 8.32921 8.70 0.00058 -0.51350 -0.10 -5.04919 0.09261 0.34 0. PRINT JOINT DISP LIST 4 TO 60 BY 8 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 4 12 20 28 36 44 52 60 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 X-TRANS Y-TRANS 0.00054 0.00625 0.09027 8.94 0.33161 -0.00041 -0.49676 0.00 322.02716 0.09268 -0.87442 -0.09027 8. 69.00363 -0.00 0.00 4.45046 0.00 0.00 0.02679 -0.01536 -0.02679 -0.45739 8.00041 -0.01 58 0.96702 -0.00 0.00056 -0.00 -8.96702 -0.32 0.00792 0. 64.00056 -0.87442 -0.08128 -0.00108 0.70 0.00 0.88242 0.96702 -0.13263 6.00008 -0.00 -0.00 0.13263 6.00103 0.00 0.00363 -0. 63.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 60/ 135/ 12 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.00 0.41 336.00059 -0.00 0.00056 -0.00649 0.00 0.06312 -0.19363 -0.14 -137.86713 0.07452 -0.00363 -0.09268 -21.00167 -0.02065 -0.88 -137.02678 -0.87442 -0.73 -4.25499 -0.06978 -0.06978 -0.00041 -0.34 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 2 249 .00036 -0.00001 0.32 0. 34 35 36 54 55 56 FZ 10.00102 0.04716 0.00 -7.86781 -0.00 -0.45739 8.

14 1731.01 0.Application Examples 250 Example Problem 26 72.25 -54.01 0.53 -54.63 487.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 50.54 -14.com * ************************************************************ .Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.co.17 1732.26 -469.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.56 -500.91 -470.55 92.82 -54.51 51.00 0.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.Part I .com * * Asia support@bentley.76 -58.52 -91.co.com * * Europe support@bentley.10 7. PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 9 57 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 9 57 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 1 2 3 -6.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.96 0.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.03 0.37 53.31 70.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.69 231.65 31.47 -483.com * * * * North America support@bentley.13 -500.98 -28.03 0.Pro.09 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 73.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.74 -11.68 -55.36 68.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.87 -58.60 -69.90 -257.

The slab is subjected to pressure and overturning loading. A tension/compression only analysis of the structure is performed. 27 This example illustrates the usage of commands necessary to apply the compression only attribute to spring supports for a slab on grade. The numbers shown in the diagram below are the element numbers.Example Problem 27 Example Problem No. The spring supports themselves are generated utilizing the built-in support generation facility. 251 .

0 0. To accommodate these requirements. Y and Z axes. the joint number followed by the X.333 5 0. Consequently. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.0 0.0 REPEAT 5 6.Part I .0 12. Y and Z coordinates are specified above.0 0.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 0. An optional title to identify this project is provided in the second line.0 0.5 7 0.0 0. The SET NL command is used above to indicate the total number of primary load cases that the file contains.0 2 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 40.167 4 0. The coordinates of these joints is used as a basis for generating 21 more joints by incrementing the X coordinate of each of these 7 joints by 8.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0.0 0.0 3 0. Also. The CHANGE command will come in later (after the PERFORM ANALYSIS command).5 6 0.5 0. 3 times.0 0.Application Examples 252 Example Problem 27 STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.0 0. .0 20. the modeling of our problem requires us to define 3 sets of data. it is necessary to have 2 commands.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.5 feet.0 0.0 0. one called “SET NL” and the other called “CHANGE”.0 0.0 28.0 6. the supports which get switched off in the analysis for any load case have to be restored for the analysis for the subsequent load case. SET NL 3 This structure has to be analysed for 3 primary load cases.0 36.5 0. with each set containing a load case and an associated analysis command.0 For joints 1 through 7.

0 The thickness of elements 1 to 102 is specified as 8.12 ALL The modulus of elasticity (E) and density are specified following the command CONSTANTS. UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8. ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 The incidences of element number 1 is defined and that data is used as a basis for generating the 2nd through the 6th element. CONSTANTS E 4000. The results of the generation may be visually verified using the STAAD graphical viewing facilities.0 inches following the command ELEMENT PROPERTIES. The incidence pattern of the first 6 elements is then used to generate the incidences of 96 more elements using the REPEAT command.0 253 . SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY The above two lines declare the spring supports at nodes 1 to 126 as having the compression-only attribute.0 ALL POISSON 0. The supports themselves are being generated later (see the ELASTIC MAT command which appears later). UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12.Example Problem 27 REPEAT commands are used to generate the remaining joints of the structure.

7 27 FY -1085. The program will determine the area under the influence of each joint and multiply the influence area by the subgrade reaction to arrive at the spring stiffness for the "FY" degree of freedom at the joint.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. 29 30 FY -205. Units for length are changed to FEET to facilitate the input of subgrade reaction of soil.50 kip/ft acting in the negative global Y direction is applied on all the elements. Additional information on this feature may be found in the STAAD Technical Reference Manual. These springs are located at nodes 1 to 126. PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Tension/compression cases must each be followed by PERFORM ANALYSIS and CHANGE commands. LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217.2 . A pressure load of 1. LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. The subgrade reaction of the soil is specified as 12 kip/cu.4 22 23 FY -410. 26 FY -542. 5 FY -308.Part I .Application Examples 254 Example Problem 27 The above command is used to instruct STAAD to generate supports with compression-only springs which are effective in the global Y direction.5 47 54 82 FY -264.50 The above data describe a static load case. The CHANGE command restores the original structure to prepare it for the analysis for the next primary load case.ft. 8 9 FY -109.7 6 FY -617.

0 255 .3 FY -205. 29 30 FY -102.0 FY -273.7 6 FY -310.4 22 23 FY -205.7 27 FY -542. The CHANGE command restores the original structure once again for the forthcoming load case.5 47 54 82 FY -132.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.0 FY -410.0 FY -487.0 FY -109.0 FY -217. 8 9 FY -50.0 113 114 FY 54. 26 FY -271.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK CHANGE Load case 2 consists of several joint loads acting in the negative global Y direction. This is followed by another ANALYSIS command.0 103 FY 243.3 92 93 FY 102.Example Problem 27 48 55 76 92 93 99 100 103 104 113 114 120 121 124 125 83 FY -528. 5 FY -150.0 120 121 FY 108.0 FY -974.0 99 100 FY 205. LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.3 FY -546.0 104 FY 487.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153.

Application Examples 256 Example Problem 27 124 125 FY 136.Part I .6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK Load case 3 consists of several joint loads acting in the upward direction at one end and downward on the other end to apply an overturning moment that will lift off one end. are obtained with the help of the above commands. element stresses for elements 34 and 67. . The CHANGE command is not needed after the last analysis. LOAD LIST 3 PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 A list of joint displacements.3 FY 273. and support reactions at a list of joints for load case 3. FINISH The STAAD run is terminated.

12.0 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 23. 15. 34. Intl.0 40.0 0. 3.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 REPEAT ALL 3 8.0 0.0 REPEAT 3 8. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.01 MY= 0.0 REPEAT 3 8.0 0.0 3 0.0 CONSTANTS E 4000. 21. 2.333 5 0.167 4 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 154800. 11.5 7 0. 14.0 0.0 0.00 = 0. 16.0 0. 8.5 0. 33.0 LOAD 1 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1. 10. 30.0 REPEAT 5 6. 17.0 36. 22. 19.0 REPEAT 3 8. 5. 35. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.0 12. 'WEIGHT OF MAT & EARTH' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0.0 0.0 ALL POISSON 0.0 0. 29. 25.0 0. 31. 9.0 ELEMENT INCIDENCES 1 1 8 9 2 TO 6 REPEAT 16 6 7 UNIT INCH ELEMENT PROPERTIES 1 TO 102 TH 8.Example Problem 27 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 0. 27. 20. 26. 28. 18.0 0.0 28.12 ALL SPRING COMPRESSION 1 TO 126 KFY UNIT FEET SUPPORTS 1 TO 126 ELASTIC MAT DIRECTION Y SUBGRADE 12. STAAD SPACE SLAB ON GRADE * SPRING COMPRESSION EXAMPLE SET NL 3 UNIT FEET KIP JOINT COORDINATES 1 0.0 2 0.50 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 126/ 102/ 126 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.5 6 0.5 0.0 20. 13. 32.0 0. 6. 7.00 MZ= 1 ) -499230.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.03 378 1 1 257 .00 = -7740. 24. 4.

52.66 MY= 0.0 113 114 FY -109.0 124 FY -273. 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 48.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -301253. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.00000E+00 0 RZ= 4.51342E-10 2 RY= 0.90 = 0.3 125 FY -546. 37. 49.01 MY= 0.5 47 54 82 FY -264. 43.7 27 FY -1085. 50.50000E+00 1 Z = 0.00000E+00 0 Y = -1. 26 FY -542.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -154800. CHANGE LOAD 2 'COLUMN LOAD-DL+LL' JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -217. 57.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 7740.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 301253.0 120 121 FY -217.0 103 FY -487. 5 FY -308. 47. 54. 39.0 104 FY -974. 51.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -307. 29 30 FY -205. 53.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 13964.00 MZ= 2 ) 2 ) 884991.00 MZ= 1 ) 499230.90 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 42.03 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0. 41.66 MY= 0.19726E-10 45 1) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 36. 46.00 MZ= -884991.00000E+00 0 RX= 9. 55.0 99 100 FY -410.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 1 iterations.00 = -13964.4 22 23 FY -410.3 92 93 FY -205.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0. 45.2 48 55 76 83 FY -528. 8 9 FY -109. 58. 38.47 2 2 .Part I . 44. 40. 56.47 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.7 6 FY -617.Application Examples 258 Example Problem 27 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0.

'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD SUMMATION FORCE-X SUMMATION FORCE-Y SUMMATION FORCE-Z ( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING = 0. 79. NO. 67. 61. 73. NO. Case= STATIC LOAD/REACTION/EQUILIBRIUM SUMMARY FOR CASE NO.3 125 FY 273. 81.00 MZ= 3 ) 3 ) 478687.5 47 54 82 FY -132. 77.78 3 3 259 .0 99 100 FY 205. 62. 66.89606E-02 99 RY= 0.0 120 121 FY 108.00000E+00 0 Y = -1.00 MZ= -478687.50 JOINT LOADS 1 2 FY -100.4 22 23 FY -205. NO.0 124 FY 136.0 103 FY 243. 68.00000E+00 0 RX= 7.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= 213519. 29 30 FY -102. 83. 71.Example Problem 27 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.00 SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX= -213519. 72.7 6 FY -310.0 113 114 FY 54. CHANGE LOAD 3 'COLUMN OVERTURNING LOAD' ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 102 PR GY -1.7 27 FY -542. 80. 2 3 4 5 **NOTE-Tension/Compression converged after 5 iterations. 5 FY -150. 69.3 92 93 FY 102. 82.09725E+01 120 Z = 0. 63. 8 9 FY -50.2 48 55 76 83 FY -264.36 MY= 0.36 MY= 0.0 104 FY 487. 78.69957E-02 6 2) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 59.00 SUMMATION FORCE-Y = 10533.6 PERFORM ANALYSIS PRINT STATICS CHECK **START **START **START **START ITERATION ITERATION ITERATION ITERATION NO.78 ***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KIP FEET ) SUMMARY (LOADING SUMMATION FORCE-X = 0. 70. 76. 64. 65.10 = 0. 26 FY -271. 74.4 43 44 50 51 71 72 78 79 FY -153. 75. 60.10 SUMMATION FORCE-Z = 0.00 = -10533.00000E+00 0 RZ= 9.

PRINT SUPPORT REACTIONS LIST 5 6 12 13 1.12227 -0.00000 0.00 101.62 SQY VONB TRESCAB MX SX -6. PRINT ELEMENT STRESSES LIST 34 67 ELEMENT STRESSES ---------------- FORCE.00000E+00 0 RZ= 1.Application Examples 260 Example Problem 27 MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( INCH /RADIANS) (LOADING MAXIMUMS AT NODE X = 0.00000 0.83669E+01 120 Z = 0. LOAD LIST 3 85.45 188.06945 0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 19.44 0.09786E-01 125 3) ************ END OF DATA FROM INTERNAL STORAGE ************ 84.62 TMAX= SMIN= -375.96 43. PRINT JOINT DISPLACEMENTS LIST 113 114 120 121 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT LOAD 113 114 120 121 X-TRANS 3 3 3 3 Y-TRANS 0.09437 -0.17264 14.74 2.074621E+03 -1.13 101.99 0.25 SMIN= -30.58 0.00000E+00 0 RX= -1.51 0.00000 0.00 1449.81 202.62 SMAX= 30.64 3 TOP : BOTT: SQX VONT TRESCAT 37. 67 67 CASE NO.00 724.00000E+00 0 Y = 2.1 **** MAXIMUM STRESSES AMONG SELECTED PLATES AND CASES **** MAXIMUM MINIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM MAXIMUM PRINCIPAL PRINCIPAL SHEAR VONMISES TRESCA STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS STRESS 1.29 SMAX= 1074.00000 0.1 ANGLE= -27.81 0.09579 -0.21 -57.00000 0.38 1303.00 202.50 188.10056 0.11615 Y-ROTAN 0.96 724.53915 28.91 SMIN= -1074.303438E+03 67 3 ********************END OF ELEMENT FORCES******************** 87.49737 0.36691 22.08912 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 86.00 ANGLE= -27.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.96 0.62 TMAX= 6. MOMENT = FORCE-LENGTH/UNIT WIDTH ELEMENT LOAD 34 3 TOP : BOTT: 67 -4.00000 0.00000 0.64 TMAX= SMIN= -171.00 6.249564E+02 67 3 1.2 5.06506 0.91 SMAX= 375. 3 3 7.25 SMAX= 171.Part I .2 ANGLE= -34.00000 0.13 ANGLE= -34.074621E+03 PLATE NO.LENGTH UNITS= KIP FEET STRESS = FORCE/UNIT WIDTH/THICK.00000 X-ROTAN -0.44 1449.449913E+03 67 3 .22268E-01 120 RY= 0.29 TMAX= MY SY MXY SXY 7.00000 0.83 1303.

com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.00 0.00 0.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.00 0.Example Problem 27 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 5 6 12 13 FEET STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 3 3 3 3 0.00 148.06 168.00 0.com * ************************************************************ 261 .com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.00 0.Pro.08 153.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 88.10 149.com * * Asia support@bentley.60 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.00 0.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.00 0.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.00 0.co.com * * * * North America support@bentley.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.

Part I .Application Examples 262 Example Problem 27 NOTES .

The structure consists of piers. pier-cap girders and a deck slab. 263 . 28 This example demonstrates the input required for obtaining the modes and frequencies of the skewed bridge shown in the figure below.Example Problem 28 Example Problem No.

5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 For joints 1 through 6. using the coordinates of joints 11 and 25 as the basis. Next. . UNIT METER KN The units for the data that follows are specified above. we will call element lists in which some element numbers may not actually be present in the structure. IGNORE LIST Further below in this file. Y and Z axes. in 3 successive operations. 4 9 0 0. 63 new joints are generated. 6 15. the X coordinate of these 21 joints is incremented by 4 meters and the Z coordinate is incremented by 14 meters. 3 6. Following this. the joint number followed by the X.Part I . joints 12 through 24 are generated using linear interpolation. Y and Z coordinates are specified first. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X. To achieve this.5 0 0. We do so because it minimizes the effort involved in fetching the desired elements and reduces the size of the respective commands. To prevent the program from treating that condition (referring to elements which do not exist) as an error.Application Examples 264 Example Problem 28 STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD. 2 4 0 0. JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0.5 0 0.5 0 0. the above command is required. using the data of these 21 joints (1 through 6 and 11 through 25). 11 -1 10 0 25 16. The remainder of the words forms a title to identify this project. 5 11.

101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 The member connectivity data is specified for the pier cap beams for the structure. 4 4 19 . 73 73 86 The member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is specified for the 24 columns for the structure. 5 5 21 . Then. For example. is the explicit definition method. 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 69 69 78 . No generation is involved here. 30 30 42 . 51 51 63 . 71 71 82 .11 of the Technical Reference manual. 3 3 17 . 28 28 38 . The above method is a combination of explicit definition and generation. 27 27 36 . where the member number is followed by the 2 node numbers. Details of this command is available in Section 5. 404 to 417. DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 265 . 49 49 59 . The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 52 52 65 68 68 76 . the incidences of members 102 to 114 are generated.Example Problem 28 The REPEAT ALL command is used for the generation. Similarly. 29 29 40 . 6 6 23 26 26 34 .Pro's graphical viewing facilities. and. 303 to 316. member 101 is defined as connected between 11 & 12. 50 50 61 . we create members 202 to 215. The above method. 72 72 84 . 2 2 15 . 48 48 57 . by incrementing those nodes by 1 unit at a time (which is the default increment). 70 70 80 . MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 .

46 and 32). GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 The above lines are the instructions for generating the “child” elements from the super-elements. For example. etc. we use a technique called mesh generation. D 3 10 14 . Note that instead of elaborately defining the coordinates of the corner nodes of the super-elements. C 20. there is no overlap between the two in a manner that nodes of the beams are at a different point in space than nodes of elements. A is the same as joint 11 while D is the same as joint 32. Alternatively. B 16.5 10 14 .5 10 0 . Mesh generation is a process of generating several "child" elements from a "parent" or "super" element. Similarly. These are the elements which make up the first span. For this. 25. we have taken advantage of the fact that the coordinates of these joints (A through H) have already been defined or generated earlier. with 14 divisions along the edges AB and CD. 168 elements are created for the 2nd span. The above set of commands defines the corner nodes of the super-element. In other words. B.Application Examples 266 Example Problem 28 The next step is to generate the deck slab which will be modeled using plate elements. plates and beams are properly connected. Thus. It may be noted here that we have taken great care to ensure that the resulting elements and the piercap beams form a perfect fit. At every node along their common boundary. from the superelement bound by the corners A. This is absolutely essential to ensure proper transfer of load and stiffness from beams to plates . and another 168 for the 3rd span.14 of the Technical Reference manual. C and D (which in turn are nodes 11.Part I . we could have defined the super-element nodes as A -1 10 0 . we generate a total of 14X12=168 elements. Details of the above can be found in Section 5. and 12 along the edges BC and DA.

START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417 _PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 ELEMENT _P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471 _P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555 _P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639 _P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737 _P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807 _P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups.Example Problem 28 and vice versa. and so on.375 267 . the pier columns are assigned the name PIERS. The reason is that these elements happen to be right beneath wheels of vehicles whose weight will be used in the frequency calculation. the piercap beams are being grouped to a name called GIRDERS. such as members. For the deck. The tools of the graphical user interface may be used to confirm that beam-plate connectivity is proper for this model. For our structure. MEMBER PROPERTY _GIRDERS PRIS YD 0. Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. a few selected elements are chosen into a few selective groups.6 _PIERS PRIS YD 1. and prismatic circular sections for the columns.6 ZD 0.0 Member properties are assigned as prismatic rectangular sections for the girders. ELEMENT PROPERTY YRA 9 11 TH 0.

the limitations of the mathematical process used in extracting modes may limit the number of modes that can actually be extracted.) In many cases. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data. UNIT NEWTON MMS CONSTANTS E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 21000 N/sq. the first few modes may be sufficient to obtain a significant portion of the total dynamic response. In a large structure. which happen to be at a Y elevation of 10 metres (between a YRANGE of 9 metres and 11 metres) are assigned a thickness of 375 mms. (One measure of the importance of modes is the participation factor of that mode. in the absence of any explicit instruction. STAAD calculates only the first 6 modes. UNIT KNS METER CONSTANTS DENSITY 24 ALL Following a change of units. This is like saying that the command CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 6 has been specified. density of concrete is specified.mm for all members.Part I . However. Built-in default value for Poisson's ratio for concrete is also assigned to ALL members and elements. not all modes are of equal importance. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65 Theoretically. Due to these reasons. the extraction process can also be very time consuming. Further.Application Examples 268 Example Problem 28 The plate elements of the deck slab. SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED The base nodes of the piers are fully restrained (FIXED supports). . a structure has as many modes of vibration as the number of degrees of freedom in the model.

Some information on this is available in Section 1.Pro Technical Reference Manual. If the inspection of the first 6 modes reveals that the overall vibration pattern of the structure has not been obtained.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 269 .3 of the STAAD. we are asking for 65 modes by specifying CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65. The number that follows this command is the number of modes being requested.Pro 2000 calculated only 3 modes by default). one may ask STAAD to compute a larger (or smaller) number of modes with the help of this command.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 The mathematical method that STAAD uses is called the eigen extraction method.18.0 * PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK ELEMENT LOAD YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS . UNIT KGS METER LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION SELFWEIGHT X 1.Example Problem 28 (Versions of STAAD prior to STAAD. In our example.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.

In other words. If the structure is declared as a SPACE frame. The mass matrix is assembled using only the masses from the weights and directions specified by the user. Internally.Part I . member and element releases. The input you specify is weights.Application Examples 270 Example Problem 28 The method involves 2 matrices . called the [M] matrix. member offsets. etc. there are 3 possible directions . If the structure is declared as a PLANE frame. global X at node 34 hypothetically) will not receive a contribution in the mass matrix. In our example. Similarly.for the X direction. is assembled using data such as member and element lengths. this does not guarantee that STAAD will automatically consider the masses for vibration in all the available directions. usually called the [K] matrix. STAAD will convert weights to masses by dividing the input by "g". we choose to apply it on just a few elements in the global Y and Z directions only. the acceleration due to gravity. some of the important aspects to bear in mind are : 1. The stiffness matrix. Y and Z directions. You have control over and are responsible for specifying the directions in which the masses ought to vibrate. For assembling the mass matrix. support information. if a weight is not specified along a certain direction. 2. the mass is not capable of . But for the truck loads.global X. STAAD uses the load data specified in the load case in which the MODAL CAL REQ command is specified. there are 2 possible directions of vibration . modulus of elasticty. Poisson's ratio. and global Y. and the mass matrix. member and element properties. global Y and global Z. the corresponding degrees of freedom (such as for example. However. notice that we are specifying the selfweight along global X. a 200 kg/sq. not masses.global X.m pressure load is also specified along all 3 directions on the deck. The reasoning is something like .the stiffness matrix. So.

the MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED command is not explicitly required. But in such analyses. not necessarily what you may wish to do. the total weight at a given node is the algebraic summation of all the weights in the global directions at that node and the mass is then derived from this algebraic resultant. Frequencies and modes have to be calculated also when dynamic analysis such as response spectrum or time history analysis is carried out. 3. this command accompanies the loads that are to be used in generating the mass matrix. command. As much as possible. The point we wish to illustrate is that if a user wishes to restrict a certain weight to certain directions only.. this is just a demonstration example. it automatically will carry out a frequency extraction without the help of the MODAL . When STAAD encounters the commands for response spectrum (see example 11) and time history (see examples 16 and 22). all he/she has to do is not provide the directions in which those weights cannot vibrate in.Example Problem 28 vibrating because the tires allow the truck to roll along X. It is specified inside a load case. MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED This is the command which tells the program that frequencies and modes should be calculated. In other words. 271 . if some weights are specified as positive numbers and others as negative. Remember. STAAD is programmed to algebraically add the weights at nodes. provide absolute values for the weights. So.

FINISH This terminates the STAAD run. .Application Examples 272 Example Problem 28 PERFORM ANALYSIS This initiates the processes which are required to obtain the frequencies. Frequencies.Part I . periods and participation factors are automatically reported in the output file when the operation is completed.

33. 40. 23. 24. 5 5 21 . 27 27 36 . 31. 11. 4. 2. 17. 6 6 23 26 26 34 . 15. 46. 37. 41. 4 4 19 . 26. 35. 54. 45. 3 3 17 . 51 51 63 . 30 30 42 . 58. 32. 51. 21. 72 72 84 . 57. 42.0 273 . 19.375 UNIT NEWTON MMS CONSTANTS E 21000 ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL UNIT KNS METER CONSTANTS DENSITY 24 ALL SUPPORTS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 FIXED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 65 UNIT KGS METER LOAD 1 FREQUENCY CALCULATION SELFWEIGHT X 1. 52. 52 52 65 68 68 76 . 29.5 0 0. 48 48 57 . 10. 56. 53.Example Problem 28 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 36.5 0 0. 34.6 ZD 0.6 _PIERS PRIS YD 1. 6 15. 14. 2 4 0 0. 39. 28. 7. 16.5 0 0 11 -1 10 0 25 16. 25. 69 69 78 . 55. 49 49 59 . 27.5 10 0 REPEAT ALL 3 4 0 14 MEMBER INCI 1 1 13 . 49. 9. 38. 71 71 82 . 4 9 0 0. 3. 28 28 38 . 50.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 44. 73 73 86 101 11 12 114 202 32 33 215 303 53 54 316 404 74 75 417 DEFINE MESH A JOINT 11 B JOINT 25 C JOINT 46 D JOINT 32 E JOINT 67 F JOINT 53 G JOINT 88 H JOINT 74 GENERATE ELEMENT MESH ABCD 14 12 MESH DCEF 14 12 MESH FEGH 14 12 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _GIRDERS 101 TO 114 202 TO 215 303 TO 316 404 TO 417 _PIERS 1 TO 6 26 TO 31 47 TO 52 68 TO 73 ELEMENT _P1 447 TO 450 454 TO 457 461 TO 464 468 TO 471 _P2 531 TO 534 538 TO 541 545 TO 548 552 TO 555 _P3 615 TO 618 622 TO 625 629 TO 632 636 TO 639 _P4 713 TO 716 720 TO 723 727 TO 730 734 TO 737 _P5 783 TO 786 790 TO 793 797 TO 800 804 TO 807 _P6 881 TO 884 888 TO 891 895 TO 898 902 TO 905 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTY _GIRDERS PRIS YD 0. 13.0 ELEMENT PROPERTY YRA 9 11 TH 0. 3 6. 22. 50 50 61 . Intl. 47. 70 70 80 .0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. 60. 5. 43. 30. 6. 29 29 40 . STAAD SPACE FREQUENCIES OF VIBRATION OF A SKEWED BRIDGE IGNORE LIST UNIT METER KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0. 20. 8. 31 31 44 47 47 55 . 2 2 15 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 48. 18. 5 11. 12. 59.

70. 80.08388 0. ELEM.076 4. 83.238 7. 82.488 13. 73.125 0. 66.22869 0.09316 0. 78.08454 0.363 10.NO.34695 0.38433 0. 67.26636 0.13815 0.829 11.602 2. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 24 3330 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED. ELEM. 76. ELEM. 65.08007 0.21355 0. 79. 64.NO.NO.085 12.189 7.08638 0.08275 0. 85.654 14.677 14. SELFWEIGHT Z 1. 81.341 10. 101 NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = 65 NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = 1665 NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 65 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 1.13911 0.577 11. 74.ONLY Y & Z EFFECT CONSIDERED ELEMENT LOAD _P1 PR GY 700 _P2 PR GY 700 _P3 PR GY 700 _P4 PR GY 700 _P5 PR GY 700 _P6 PR GY 700 _P1 PR GZ 700 _P2 PR GZ 700 _P3 PR GZ 700 _P4 PR GZ 700 _P5 PR GZ 700 _P6 PR GZ 700 MODAL CALCULATION REQUESTED PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 579/ SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 584/ 1.519 4.06824 0. 69.06612 . 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED.734 11. 84.19889 0. 72. 75.08869 0. 71.22130 0.06774 0. 101 ** WARNING: PRESSURE LOADS ON ELEMENTS OTHER THAN PLATE ELEMENTS ARE IGNORED. 63.373 4.882 3.028 7.762 15.275 11.08961 0.754 4.683 5.636 2.0 * PERMANENT WEIGHTS ON DECK ELEMENT LOAD YRA 9 11 PR GX 200 YRA 9 11 PR GY 200 YRA 9 11 PR GZ 200 * VEHICLES ON SPANS .160 11.61111 0.07311 0.Part I .13582 0.24532 0.921 12.09671 0.Application Examples 274 Example Problem 28 61.

56 0.305 27.03043 0.740 99.Example Problem 28 MODE FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 PERIOD(SEC) 17.937 99.00 0.776 28.112 99.496 3.15 0.972 29.151 99.19 0.00 0.03926 0.801 22.04 99.02532 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 X Y Z 0.494 0.02592 0.00 0.05070 0.923 99.00 99.01 0.766 99.42 0.921 20.754 99.501 31.383 99.536 3.735 99.736 99.000 55.00 0.03452 0.062 99.03600 0.00 0.204 99.153 23.574 32.02824 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.845 21.550 29.151 99.002 26.37 0.04667 0.070 23.00 0.478 17.725 19.03156 0.02863 0.009 32.00 0.00 0.59 0.364 56.618 20.02576 0.00 25.04056 0.00 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 0.690 32.741 99.00 0.753 99.937 99.947 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.740 55.01 0.00 0.00 0.202 99.354 56.368 56.02738 0.736 99.364 56.01 0.04 0.01 0.766 0.00 26.765 99.575 30.042 99.151 99.000 0.000 0.03662 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04869 0.00 0.871 55.01 0.518 23.985 24.939 99.536 20.326 99.05635 0.326 99.927 55.948 275 .969 55.05020 0.422 26.736 99.53 0.04797 0.02844 0.02 0.27 0.02 0.808 27.426 21.00 0.135 99.04729 0.969 55.03384 0.02783 0.04587 0.979 56.00 0.01 0.151 99.740 99.923 35.23 0.754 99.355 56.923 99.740 99.469 26.00 0.03355 0.00 0.04850 0.909 99.655 25.03227 0.05721 0.03174 0.135 99.326 99.05 0.01 0.358 56.00 0.326 99.04319 0.03730 0.012 99.05778 0.05 0.587 55.889 99.03070 0.992 31.01 0.101 34.804 30.04531 0.00 0.826 39.928 36.349 56.229 3.03785 0.00 0.753 99.585 38.162 35.06 0.00 0.940 99.740 99.14 0.940 99.061 99.062 99.00 0.00 0.04169 0.354 56.00 0.00 0.13 0.04 0.308 17.04252 0.898 99.00 3.01 0.863 34.146 21.136 99.204 99.03124 0.00 0.529 38.364 56.411 35.747 19.00 0.02932 0.01 0.03846 0.

970 99.00 0.05 0.033 73.973 99.736 67.856 99.308 65.972 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * Europe support@bentley.823 73.00 0.00 0.829 99.00 0.17 0.856 99.973 99.00 0.00 0.758 73.00 0.973 99.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.767 99.972 99.00 0.831 73.00 0.00 0.02 0.057 73.732 61.973 99.00 0.00 0.18 0.985 99.00 0.00 0.79 0.38 0.com * * * * North America support@bentley.622 73.736 73.00 0.00 0.00 0.973 99.972 99.00 0.860 99.00 0.01 0.406 74.co.860 99.19 0.858 99.205 61.859 99.00 0.02 0.00 0.Part I .859 99.15 4.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.00 0.611 73.562 56.384 56.48 0.01 0.856 99.00 0.com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.02 0.006 74.00 0.00 0.857 99.985 99.466 74.01 0.972 99. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.00 0.859 99.00 0.852 99.908 99.143 74.858 99.00 0.00 0.04 0.09 0.26 0.00 0.973 99.Pro.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.974 99.00 0.767 99.984 99.00 2.856 99.676 58.974 99.15 0.969 68.768 99.com * ************************************************************ .926 67.53 3.00 0.858 99.00 0.00 0.07 0.868 99.985 99.865 99.00 0. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.974 99.856 99.974 99.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.986 86.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.00 0.00 0.06 0.854 99.00 0.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.591 57.855 99.973 99.09 0.869 56.965 99.00 0.973 99.00 0.968 73.858 99.co.623 73.00 0.857 99.53 0.611 73.736 65.226 73.730 73.00 0.859 99.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.857 99.00 0.30 0.com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.00 0.00 0.00 99.856 99.00 0.00 0.970 74.00 0.00 0.965 99.00 0.761 74.868 99.965 99.975 99.858 99.11 0.965 99.00 0.214 65.857 99.858 99.03 0.00 0.226 73.00 0.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.02 0.974 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.03 1.00 0.854 99.00 0.971 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.976 99.319 65.981 99.856 99.972 99.06 0.00 0.972 99.856 99.861 99.00 0.832 99.967 67.01 3.980 73.768 99.Application Examples 276 Example Problem 28 MODE X Y Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 0.971 99.00 0.06 0.858 99.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.14 0.00 0.973 99.868 99.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.973 99.974 99.905 72.com * * Asia support@bentley.00 0.973 99.00 0.00 0.01 0.971 99.932 67.00 0.co.00 0.00 0.971 99.972 99.00 0.00 0.737 65.14 0.610 73.116 72.

13815 0.38433 0.STAAD output).Example Problem 28 Understanding the output: After the analysis is complete.373 0. a portion of which is as shown: CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 MODE FREQUENCY PERIOD (CYCLES/SEC) (SEC) ACCURACY 1 1.683 0.344E-16 2 2.916E-16 11 7.754 0.602 0.000E+00 10 7.253E-16 9 5.641E-16 8 4. we obtain a report. i.000E+00 277 .13582 0. Mode number and corresponding frequencies and periods Since we asked for 65 modes. look at the output file.028 0.076 0.000E+00 12 7.13911 8.61111 1.19889 0.24532 3.000E+00 3 2.466E-16 6 4.666E-16 4 3.025E-16 7 4. (This file can be viewed from File .238 0.000E+00 5 4.34695 8.Output File .882 0.View .22130 5.26636 0.189 0.363 0.519 0.21355 5.22870 6.636 0.

even with 10 modes.00 25. SUMM-Y and SUMM-Z columns show the cumulative value of the participation of all the modes upto and including a given mode. We can see from the above report that for vibration along Z direction.204 30.969 99.000 99. One can infer from those terms that if one is interested in 95% participation along X.151 3.00 99.112 6 0.202 3.736 55.04 0. Participation factors in Percentage MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT MODE X Y Z 0.204 55.000 99.575 99.00 99.13 0.740 99. It is also apparent that the 7th mode is primarily a Y direction mode with a 26.00 26. But for the Y direction.00 99.04 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 1 0.19 99. The SUMM-X.00 3.02 99.53 0.135 7 0.735 55.326 11 0.135 8 0. the first mode has a 99.14 0. The deck slab is capable of vibrating in several low energy and primarily vertical direction modes.151 3.06 0.00 0.151 0.04 percent participation.136 9 0. we said that one measure of the importance of a mode is the participation factor of that mode.00 0.04 0.00 0.02 99.326 12 0.05 0.00 0.012 0.00 99.00 99.00 0.01 0.496 99.736 55.59 0.927 99.000 99.00 99.151 0.27 0.062 4 0.15 0.00 99.536 99.Part I .042 2 99.736 55.061 3 0.42 % participation along Y and 0 in X and Z.229 99.326 In the explanation earlier for the CUT OFF MODE command. the first 2 modes are sufficient.587 99.23 0. The reason for this can be understood by an examination of the nature of the structure.00 0.326 10 0. The out-of-plane flexible nature of the slab enables it to vibrate in a .871 99.42 0.062 5 0.00 99.04 0.05 99. we barely obtained 60%.Application Examples 278 Example Problem 28 ii.

279 . This screen contains facilities for graphically examining the shape of the mode in static and animated views. The size to which the mode is drawn is controlled using the “Scales” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box. Viewing the mode shapes After the analysis is completed. iii. The Dynamics page on the left side of the screen is available for viewing the shape of the mode statically.Example Problem 28 manner resembling a series of wave like curves. The Animation option of the Results menu can be used for animating the mode. also result in small participation factors. The mode number can be selected from the “Loads and Results” tab of the “Diagrams” dialog box which comes up when the Animation option is chosen. Masses on either side of the equilibrium point have opposing eigenvector values leading to a lot of cancellation of the contribution from the respective masses. where small pockets in the structure undergo flutter due to their relative weak stiffness compared to the rest of the model. Localized modes. select Post-processing from the mode menu.

Application Examples 280 Example Problem 28 NOTES .Part I .

In this model. the maximum values of displacements. static load cases are solved along with the seismic load case.00m 281 .70m 1.00m 2.Example Problem 29 Example Problem No.80m 3. The elaborate dynamic analysis procedure called time history analysis is used.80m 1.90m 3.50m 3. For the seismic case.80m 1. 1. forces and reactions are obtained. 29 Analysis and design of a structure for seismic loads is demonstrated in this example. The results of the dynamic case are combined with those of the static cases and steel design is performed on the combined cases.

3 0 . JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . The remainder of the words form a title to identify this project.11 of the Technical Reference manual. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS Every STAAD input file has to begin with the word STAAD.Application Examples 282 Example Problem 29 Actual input is shown in bold lettering followed by explanation.8 7 0 . Following this. 18 4. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 18 20 21. the joint number is followed by the X. The word SPACE signifies that the structure is a space frame and the geometry is defined through X.5 0 . 19 21 22. 15 18 19. 22 4 12.Part I . The results of the generation may be visually verified using STAAD. 19 7. UNIT METER KNS The units for the data that follows are specified above. another round of explicit definition (joints 17. MEMBER INCIDENCES 1123 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17. 2 0 3. 26 7 19.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 For joints 1 through 4.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. 14 17 18. 20 22 16 21 2 10.6 7 0 . 25 3 17. REPEAT ALL commands are used for the generation. The coordinates of these joints are used as a basis for generating 12 more joints by incrementing the X & Z coordinates by specific amounts. 29 18 21 . 28 15 22. Y and Z axes. Details of these commands are available in Section 5. 16 19 8 17 12 20. Y and Z coordinates as specified above.Pro's graphical viewing facilities. 27 11 20. 3 0 5. 18 & 19) and generation (20. 21 & 22) is carried out.

such as members. For our structure. the columns are being grouped to a name called VERTICAL. we can understand that the diagonal braces are being assigned a single angle. START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION The above block of data is referred to as formation of groups. 283 . Group names are a mechanism by which a single moniker can be used to refer to a cluster of entities. and so on. The members which receive these properties are those embedded within the respective group names.Example Problem 29 A mixture of explicit definition and generation of member connectivity data (joint numbers between which members are connected) is used to generate 29 members for the structure. Just from the looks of the command. The alternative. The benefit of using the group name is apparent here. MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L152X152X13 Member properties are assigned from the Canadian steel table. which would be 25 TO 28 TA ST L152X152X13 would have required us to go to the graphical tools to get a sense of what members 25 to 28 are. the beams running along the X direction are assigned the name XBEAM.

TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. The BETA angle for the channels along the left edge is set to 180 so their legs point toward the interior of the structure. which is 6.Application Examples 284 Example Problem 29 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL The Modulus of elasticity (E) is set to 200 kN/sq.30 of the Technical Reference manual. SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED The bottom ends of the columns of the platform are pinned supported.Part I . UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 Density and Poisson for all members is set using the above commands. and hence the need to override the default. This command is explained in Section 5. CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 The above command is a critical command if one wishes to override the default number of modes computed and used in a dynamic analysis. The default.05 . UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. may not always be sufficient to capture a significant portion of the structural response in a response spectrum or time history analysis. The keyword CONSTANTS has to precede this data.0 DAMPING 0.mm for all members.

The first stage is defined above.00364 multiplied by 32.006300 0. at 0.TXT file is a simple text file containing several pairs of time-acceleration data.4 of the Technical Reference manual. As explained in the small examples shown in Section 5. the burden of informing the program that the values need to be multiplied by "g" is upon us.0400 0.007580 0.00364 multiplied by 9.0800 0.1000 0.Example Problem 29 There are two stages in the command specification required for a time-history analysis.TXT". Thus. Here. the parameters of the earthquake (ground acceleration) are provided.TXT. the EQDATA. That file must reside in the same folder as the one in which the data file for this structure resides.02 seconds. only one data set is defined. Consequently. 0. which is apparent from the fact that only one TYPE is defined.0600 0.31. Each data set is individually identified by the number that follows the TYPE command. and we shall be doing so at a later step. It means that we have chosen to specify the time vs.) Notice the expression "READ EQDATA. The word FORCE that follows the TYPE 1 command signifies that this data set is for a ground acceleration.004280 0. A sample portion of that file is as shown below. the acceleration is 0.003640 0. the acceleration due to gravity. ground acceleration data in the file called EQDATA. it may also be noted that the geological data for the site the building sits on indicate that the above acceleration values are a fraction of "g".806 m/sec^2 (or 0.000990 0.0200 0. 285 . In this file. for example. the keyword FORCE must be used instead.010870 While it may not be apparent from the above numbers.0000 0. (If one wishes to specify a forcing function.2 ft/sec^2).

Thus. our structure has a floor slab.1 FLOAD -500 Load case 2 is also a static load case.load intensity in the form of pressure. and the program converts the pressure to individual beam loads. as there is no other dynamic load on the structure from the relative time standpoint. The load on each panel is then tranferred to beams surrounding the panel. STAAD will consider the empty space between criss-crossing beams (in plan view) to be panels.0m elevation. Since the slab is not part of the structural model. similar to the squares of a chess board. LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. There are uniform area loads on the floor (think of the load as wooden pallets supporting boxes of paper). though capable of carrying the loads acting on itself. LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1.0. using a triangular or trapezoidal load distribution method. In the process of converting the pressure to beam loads. . But. The modal damping ratio for all the modes is set to 0. the input required from the user is very simple . and the region of the structure in terms of X. It merely transmits the load to the beam-column grid. It is a facility where we specify the load as a pressure. We have chosen 0. At the Y=7. it is a non-structural entity which. of the area over which the pressure acts. The selfweight of the structure is acting in the negative global Y direction.0 The above data describe a static load case.Part I . how do we tell the program to transmit the imposed load from the slab to the beams without manually converting them to distributed beam loads ourselves? That is where the floor load utility comes in handy. Y and Z coordinates in space. is not meant to be an integral part of the framing system.Application Examples 286 Example Problem 29 The arrival time value indicates the relative value of time at which the earthquake begins to act upon the structure.05.9 7.

acting at arrival time 1.9 7.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6. is to be applied along the X direction.TXT are to be factored by before they are used. GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.1 FLOAD 500 GZ Load case 3 is the dynamic load case.Example Problem 29 LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6. whose characteristics are defined by the TYPE 1 time history input data.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. The number 9. loads which will yield the mass values which will populate the mass matrix the directions of the loads. as well as the imposed loads on the nonstructural slab are to be considered as participating in the vibration along all the global directions.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1. which will yield the degree of freedom numbers of the mass matrix for being populated. Thus.9 7. the one which contains the second part of the instruction set for a dynamic analysis to be performed. the selfweight. as read from EQDATA.806 The above command too is part of load case 3.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1. b. We mentioned earlier that the acceleration input data was specified as a fraction of “g”.9 7. Here we say that the seismic force. 287 . The data here are a.806 indicates the value which the accleration data.

If there are a 1000 time steps. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS The above command is an instruction to the program to produce a report of the joint displacements.0. for the dynamic case.0 In a time history analysis. Not all of them can be used in a further calculation like a steel or concrete design.0 3 -1. If the user wishes to see the results for each time step. 1000 for FY etc. there will be 1000 values of FX. one way to make sure that the structure is not under-designed is to create 2 load combination cases involving the dynamic case. Load combination case no.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. not the ones generated for every time step. support reactions.Application Examples 288 Example Problem 29 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1. That is what is being done above. computing nodal displacements. We have chosen the factors to be 1. . The user has discretion on what load factors to use with these combinations.0 2 1. However. support reactions and member end forces in the output file.0 3 1. etc. and a negative combination.0 2 1. the maximum from among those time steps is available. the member forces FX thru MZ each have a value for every time step. he/she may do so by using STAAD's Postprocessing facilities. these will be just the maximum values. 11 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the positive direction of the dynamic load case (3). 12 consists of the sum of the static load cases (1 & 2) with the negative direction of the dynamic load case (3). That means. Load combination case no. PERFORM ANALYSIS The above is the instruction to perform the analysis related calculations. As mentioned earlier. a positive combination. If we wish to do a design. for that load case.Part I .

is done according to the Canadian code for load cases 11 and 12. FINISH 289 .code check .Example Problem 29 LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL A steel design .

16 19 8 17 12 20. 32. Please note that depending on the shape of the floor you may have to break up the FLOOR/ONEWAY LOAD into multiple commands. 4. 53. 25 3 17. 22 4 12. 21.6 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 MEMBER INCIDENCES 1 1 2 3 REPEAT 1 3 4 7 9 10 9 10 13 14 12 13 4 17.0 DAMPING 0. 28 15 22. 61. 18.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 30. 57. 13. 11. 19. 55. 37.05 LOAD 1 WEIGHT OF STRUCTURE ACTING STATICALLY SELFWEIGHT Y -1. 26 7 19. 23 6 14 24 8 16. 15. 54. 31.32. 29 18 21 START GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER _VERTICAL 1 TO 12 _XBEAM 13 TO 20 _ZBEAM 21 TO 24 29 _BRACE 25 TO 28 END GROUP DEFINITION MEMBER PROPERTIES CANADIAN _VERTICAL TA ST W310X97 _XBEAM TA ST W250X39 _ZBEAM TA ST C200X17 _BRACE TA ST L152X152X13 UNIT KNS MMS CONSTANT E 200 ALL UNIT KGS METER CONSTANT DENSITY 7800 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL BETA 180 MEMB 21 22 SUPPORTS 1 5 9 13 PINNED CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 30 UNIT METER DEFINE TIME HISTORY TYPE 1 ACCELERATION READ EQDATA. 22. 27. 26.TXT ARRIVAL TIME 0. 15 18 19.5 0 . 18 4. 46.Part I . 7. 29. 19 21 22. 6. 60. 41. 2 0 3. 3. For details please refer to Technical Reference Manual Section 5. 17. 40. 42. 9. 65. . 56. 35. 51. 16. 64.9 7.5 0 0 REPEAT ALL 1 0 0 3 17 1. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 43. 63.4 Note 6. 52. 4 0 7 0 REPEAT ALL 1 9. 33. 27 11 20.1 FLOAD -500 **WARNING** about Floor/OneWay Loads/Weights.6 7 0 . 8. 39. 14 17 18. 24. 5. Intl. 19 7.0 LOAD 2 PLATFORM LEVEL LOAD ACTING STATICALLY FLOOR LOAD YRA 6. 23. STAAD SPACE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS FOR SEISMIC LOADS UNIT METER KNS JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 . 3 0 5. 18 20 21. 45. 12. 25. 14. 20 22 16 21 2 10.3 0 . 48. 36.Application Examples 290 Example Problem 29 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.8 7 0 .

736 12.667 49.02191 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 30 54 30 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 3 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) 0.06036 0.07759 0.158 49.835 88.0 3 -1.0 2 1. 74.73010 0.02190 0.07764 0.63818 0.17433 0.0 SELFWEIGHT Y 1.01782 0.01906 0.082 3. 78. 80.102 87.02034 0.32823 0.370 1.48034 0. 76.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 22/ 29/ 4 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 3.285 16. 83.1 FLOAD 500 GZ GROUND MOTION X 1 1 9.806 LOAD COMBINATION 11 (STATIC + POSITIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.23360 0.01819 0.1 FLOAD 500 GX YRANGE 6.228 15. 69.9 7.220 4.888 15.224 1.126 65.0 3 1. LOAD 3 DYNAMIC LOAD * MASSES SELFWEIGHT X 1.281 5.880 12.0 LOAD COMBINATION 12 (STATIC + NEGATIVE OF DYNAMIC) 1 1.44201 0. 68.23695 0.01513 0.0 2 1. 70.81697 0.06034 0.06542 0.06567 0.110 56.9 7. 71.01139 0.567 16.18008 0.01136 120 291 . 75.047 4.939 66.1 FLOAD 500 GY YRANGE 6.972 56.323 52.01911 0.559 5.9 7.01517 0.17990 0.053 1.693 1.0 FLOOR LOAD YRANGE 6. 81.553 5.01782 0.187 52.Example Problem 29 67.567 2. 84.470 54. 86.0 SELFWEIGHT Z 1.574 45. 73.644 45.02033 0.

00 0.110 59.00 0.995 0.977 99.00 13.0500 0.411 98.827 98.00 9.38 98.000 0.05 0.0500 0.706 69.186 72.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.731 99.860 51.00 MODAL MODE DAMPING 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 0.761 99.00 51.00 0.977 99.706 69.00 0.0500 0.829 99.0500 0.Part I .977 99.52 0.01 0.0500 0.41 0.00 0.000 D A M P I N G USED IN ANALYSIS .01 0.03 0.00 0.762 99.051 99.0500 0.00 0.0500 0.706 69.01 0.00 0.00 0.0500 0.186 72.706 69.23 1.00 0.762 99.977 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.991 99.384 85.00 0.991 99.731 99.00 0.816 98.00 10.126 59.761 99.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.977 99.186 72.000 0.00 0.379 85.00 0.48 0.0500 0.977 99.00 0.051 98.059 99.977 99.860 52.0500 0.0500 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.186 72.00 0.86 0.00 0.929 85.989 100.0500 0.00 0.00 0.0500 0.00 0.0500 0.0500 0.991 99.000 100.52 0.110 52.00 0.977 99.059 99.00 0.827 98.06 0.0500 0.00 0.051 98.0500 0.00 0.00 0.991 99.051 98.0500 0.991 99.991 99.051 98.00 0.0500 0.051 98.03 7.00 0.00 0.00 0.000 98.00 0.0500 0.0500 0.00 0.977 99.860 51.646 69.126 69.00 0.731 99.25 0.000 0.059 99.000 0.00 0.02 0.977 99.23 0.000 0.00 0.646 69.051 98.977 99.00 0.39 0.00 0.00 0.991 99.0500 0.0500 SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0.00 85.110 52.991 99.00 0.379 85.00 0.991 99.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.051 98.051 98.00 0.453 99.0500 0.0500 0.00 0.816 98.00 0.0500 0.110 52.0500 0.731 99.977 99.00 0.816 98.00 0.0500 0.000 100.000 0.000 51.051 98.0500 0.68 0.Application Examples 292 Example Problem 29 PARTICIPATION FACTORS MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 A C T U A L X Y Z 0.00 0.000 0.186 81.706 72.0500 0.991 99.

0001 0.0000 0.0025 -0.0100 0.0140 -0.0000 0.0000 0.3559 7.0022 -0.5307 5.0124 X-ROTAN 0.802778 Y= -5.0000 0.0023 -0.0050 0.0136 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 Z-ROTAN 0.0110 0.0000 0.1491 0.0001 0.0045 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0097 -0.0159 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0000 0.0124 -0.0000 0.0016 -0.0151 0.0004 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0015 -0.0004 0.0000 0.0026 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0067 -0.0000 -0.0001 0.0016 -0.0283 -0.3559 7.0000 0.0000 0.6673 7.0002 -0.0151 0.0109 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0012 -0.0015 -0.0124 0.0004 -0.160 SECONDS NUMBER OF TIME STEPS IN THE SOLUTION PROCESS = 22435 BASE SHEAR UNITS ARE -.Example Problem 29 TIME STEP USED IN TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 0.0002 0.0000 -0.0001 0.0029 -0.0001 0.0167 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0050 0.0134 0.0004 0.0022 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.9732 -9.0000 0.0001 0.0387 9.0068 -0.0000 0.0020 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0120 -0.9799 -9.0184 0.0000 -0.0075 -0.0001 0.0084 -0.0000 0.3672 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0101 0.0005 -0.0005 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.2871 -8.0016 -0.0021 -0.0001 -0.0016 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0438 9.0000 0.0082 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0159 -0.0002 0.0015 -0.4133 5.0001 0.0011 -0.0665 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0096 -0.0167 -0.0013 -0.0000 0.0002 0.0475 RADIANS) Y-TRANS 0.0001 -0.9447 -5.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0211 8.0153 0.0005 -0.0075 0.0000 0.0076 0.0000 0.0001 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0078 -0.0000 -0.0045 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0014 -0.0124 -0.5307 5.380556 87.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0011 -0.0000 0.0000 0.249217E+03 5.0012 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0199 8.0000 0.0000 -0.0001 0.9724 -0.0168 -0.0005 -0.2936 7.0001 0.0056 0.6810 7.0002 0.0000 0.0000 0.0242 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0097 -0.0122 0.445833 Z= 1.6673 7.0000 0.00139 SECONDS NUMBER OF MODES WHOSE CONTRIBUTION IS CONSIDERED = 30 TIME DURATION OF TIME HISTORY ANALYSIS = 31.0000 0.0058 -0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 Y-ROTAN 0.4133 5.0005 0.280383E+01 2.0283 -0.5469 5.0000 0.0136 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.KGS MAXIMUM BASE SHEAR AT TIMES X= METE -9.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0066 0.9947 -7.0000 -0.0117 0.0075 0.0004 -0.0000 0.0136 -0.0079 -0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS 0.0068 -0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0201 0.0000 0.0027 -0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0106 -0.0133 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0045 -0.0159 -0.0016 -0.0242 -0.0001 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0140 -0.0124 0.275646E-06 2.0183 0.0084 293 .0000 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0077 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0122 0.0000 0.0050 -0.3722 5.0000 0.0256 0.0106 -0.0001 0.0891 -5.0068 -0.2871 -8.0000 0.0001 0.0002 0.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 0.0005 0.0122 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0124 0.0004 0.0001 0.0000 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0139 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0184 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9724 -0.0004 0.0624 0.0015 -0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0891 -5.0106 -0.0133 0.0000 0.0475 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0109 0.

0031 -0.0058 -0.0000 0.0066 -0.0000 0.3675 -1.0000 0.0025 -0.00 0.0000 0.00 0.0039 0.0000 0.0183 0.9568 -9.0000 0.0035 8.0077 -0.0100 0.0000 0.0035 8.0000 -0.0029 -0.0000 0.9529 -0.00 .0000 0.0001 -0.00 -18.00 0.0503 RADIANS) Y-TRANS -0.0000 0.0000 0.4095 1.0000 0.0000 0.0007 0.0001 0.0008 0.00 0.0000 -0.0106 -0.14 7777.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0059 0.00 0.0000 0.0494 -0.0001 0.0001 -0.0001 -0.0003 0.0002 0.7331 0.0438 9.0000 0.0449 -0.9611 -0.0001 0.0080 -0.0412 9.0000 0.0026 -0.0000 -0.0000 0.0134 0.0000 -0.0000 0.78 -18.0000 -0.0000 -0.0001 0.0000 0.0001 -0.0000 -0.0038 0.0001 -0.8375 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT 1 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.0101 -0.0004 0.0000 -0.0080 -0.00 0.0067 -0.3394 -1.7331 0.0438 9.0000 Z-ROTAN -0.0002 0.0000 -0.5469 5.0000 0.0029 -0.0712 -1.0000 0.00 0.78 3562.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 -0.0001 0.9799 -9.0000 0.0000 0.0494 -0.0000 0.0000 0.9568 -9.0000 0.50 -3225.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.9447 -5.0000 0.0025 -0.0021 -0.0000 0.00 0.0005 0.0438 9.14 1327.0000 0.0000 0.0630 -0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0003 0.0000 0.0025 -0.0035 8.0004 0.74 0.0083 0.0000 0.78 0.0000 0.0004 0.0026 -0.0009 METE X-ROTAN 0.0078 -0.0952 -0.0000 0.0079 -0.0007 0.0001 0.0289 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0083 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.3991 0.0000 0.0008 0.73 -1360.0000 0.0449 -0.3394 -1.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0000 0.43 0.0005 0.0000 -0.0082 0.0124 0.0001 0.0055 8.2936 7.0136 -0.0000 -0.9607 -1.0000 0.0120 -0.0000 0.0388 9.0000 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0004 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.6810 7.0000 0.0117 0.9621 -9.0159 -0.9615 -9.0086 0.0000 0.0002 0.0261 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.96 -19.0000 0.00 0.1491 0.9611 -0.0035 8.0050 -0.0000 0.0000 -0.9621 -9.9615 -9.0039 0.9607 -1.0000 0.0004 0.3675 -1.0712 -1.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0000 -0.55 989.0630 -0.4095 1.0008 0.0002 0.0000 0.0002 -0.0016 -0.3722 5.0000 0.0008 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0168 -0.0055 8.0952 -0.0038 0.0009 0.0009 -0.0096 -0.0110 0.0665 0.0009 0.0057 -0.0002 0.0075 -0.0059 0.0025 -0.0000 0.22 873.00 0.00 0.0000 0.3672 -0.0000 0.60 -2294.0056 0.0001 0.Application Examples 294 Example Problem 29 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 X-TRANS -0.0014 -0.9529 -0.0001 Y-ROTAN 0.0000 0.90 3228.0002 0.0000 -0.0000 0.00 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0023 -0.0000 -0.0004 -0.0001 -0.0139 0.0001 -0.0001 0.0029 -0.00 0.00 0.0000 0.3991 0.0033 -0.0020 -0.0001 0.0009 0.0057 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 60.0624 -0.0199 8.0000 0.0039 -0.0027 -0.0000 0.0045 -0.0000 0.0124 0.0026 -0.0013 -0.0412 9.0009 0.0503 -0.0016 -0.0000 0.0027 -0.0008 -0.Part I .0033 -0.0000 0.0000 0.0387 9.0122 0.0201 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 -0.0039 0.0000 0.0000 0.8375 -0.0002 0.0076 0.0256 0.0000 0.9458 -0.0000 0.0031 -0.9947 -7.0261 -0.0004 -0.0153 0.0002 -0.0008 0.0289 -0.0211 8.0011 -0.0000 0.0015 -0.0000 -0.0086 0.0016 -0.9732 -9.0000 0.9458 -0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.0388 9.0001 0.0025 -0.0027 -0.0068 -0.0004 0.

22 60.93 -16933.00 0.60 2329.91 3562.00 123.22 -873.00 0.00 -3.22 -60.78 -653.14 3225.00 0.00 65.15 3225.96 -0.33 0.91 7774.06 1396.58 0.78 0.83 -8591.06 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4 187.71 -1396.00 0.23 -0.47 117.50 -3225.71 -2195.72 0.67 -11556.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 1330.73 -1360.00 0.45 -7224.00 3057.78 3562.00 0.54 0.78 18.34 1330.91 7774.55 1330.00 69.90 3228.00 0.96 19.50 3221.00 -88.00 0.08 0.15 7.00 0.15 965.50 -3225.88 -1261.22 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.96 -19.20 -124.74 19.00 0.51 -6354.95 -793.52 298.55 0.93 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 628.00 0.35 7777.01 0.60 -2294.00 0.78 -18.93 3562.00 0.20 2 3 11 12 2 1 2 3 11 12 3 1 2 3 11 12 4 1 2 3 11 12 60.04 -56.22 0.71 -3263.00 0.00 0.74 0.00 0.17 0.85 -5.00 0.01 0.47 -117.00 65.78 -0.43 -7441.31 -112.50 -88.78 0.91 -3221.64 -60.43 989.26 7416.00 -18.14 7777.61 0.78 18.93 3562.88 -179.32 -2341.78 -0.00 0.00 0.91 7774.00 0.06 295 .00 0.00 -210.00 0.52 -24.14 -991.00 0.96 19.60 -2329.73 0.34 -0.61 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.00 -4886.14 1327.10 -8031.73 1360.78 0.72 0.78 18.00 0.51 6599.00 8031.00 0.00 210.00 0.99 5626.74 0.36 0.71 1261.50 210.99 3562.47 -0.83 -323.52 989.83 8591.83 -323.95 -6110.50 -3562.50 -3225.50 3221.00 5 9 13 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.22 873.57 11556.17 -118.00 0.97 179.78 -18.55 3228.00 0.00 11422.16 0.00 -3057.00 0.78 18.29 -2785.52 -994.00 0.00 0.50 -3562.00 18.01 -0.71 1396.00 0.97 2831.39 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 5 6 989.73 0.00 0.00 0.62 0.00 0.60 873.95 -6435.26 -7243.06 60.00 0.52 123.96 -19.78 0.00 0.34 0.56 -60.47 -117.00 4763.96 -0.00 0.36 0.14 3562.61 -4630.23 -0.60 -2329.00 8154.50 -3562.74 0.34 -7438.60 873.60 -455.52 0.50 3221.00 -0.22 -873.00 0.62 -111.71 1396.61 122.09 0.Example Problem 29 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KGS ----------------JOINT METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 3 11 12 -60.00 -18.00 0.00 0.54 11983.00 0.00 118.34 0.00 0.00 0.35 -122.51 16813.00 69.00 0.00 65.55 -60.00 0.20 -124.09 -5626.00 117.31 0.00 -18.00 -3.78 -18.00 0.90 -1360.23 0.67 237.88 -3263.00 65.97 0.78 -319.22 60.00 0.78 0.00 0.17 -118.00 0.93 -654.00 0.22 -873.00 0.14 -2586.08 6273.00 0.90 -12019.74 19.00 0.00 0.69 -79.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 1 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 989.53 3129.86 112.16 7034.74 0.00 0.60 2195.88 3263.74 0.00 -11299.86 -5.04 4496.17 118.73 0.04 6354.88 -2329.34 1.79 -4763.53 5.52 56.60 2294.00 0.08 5.67 -11.00 0.18 3057.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 989.86 -1.78 18.14 1327.22 -873.22 873.23 -8.88 -3129.73 -2294.51 11299.90 -3228.85 111.00 0.33 0.00 0.96 -19.88 -3263.60 -873.81 0.78 18.00 18.90 0.15 -311.00 0.29 2785.

50 3221.51 6599.15 965.17 118.00 8154.85 5.23 0.00 0.57 6030.83 -8591.54 0.93 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 10 11 628.62 0.78 0.46 -117.95 -6110.18 -3057.97 17118.50 -3562.00 0.58 -6030.00 0.00 0.00 8031.45 -88.39 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 13 14 989.00 210.36 0.06 2 3 11 12 6 1 2 3 11 12 7 1 2 3 11 12 8 1 2 3 11 12 9 1 2 3 11 12 10 1 2 3 11 12 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 9 10 989.00 -69.78 2499.33 -122.78 -18.17 118.08 -3164.67 -11.00 -65.13 -0.46 0.26 -7243.19 -6329.22 0.79 -4763.71 -3263.09 0.52 -123.67 -11556.00 0.22 0.36 -175.86 -112.01 -0.01 -0.58 0.27 175.55 -0.35 122.52 56.00 0.20 -7219.00 -118.00 0.29 2785.27 -112.73 -0.81 0.00 0.00 3057.75 60.97 2831.94 6492.71 1261.08 0.67 11.55 1330.04 4496.00 0.Part I .85 -111.78 0.75 -456.00 0.49 -5836.34 -1.76 0.84 -323.50 -3562.78 -319.86 112.00 0.00 -117.93 -16933.88 3263.06 .14 3562.91 7774.22 -60.01 0.44 -796.80 261.93 -11422.17 -118.31 -0.00 0.71 -2195.83 323.31 0.00 4763.61 0.Application Examples 296 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.78 -18.00 0.78 0.81 -3221.25 3164.15 3225.35 -16991.65 7422.01 0.13 118.00 0.00 3.20 4886.91 0.00 0.88 -1261.74 0.57 11556.19 -124.61 -4630.88 -2329.72 0.94 5730.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 5 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 6 7 628.78 -18.22 873.96 0.60 2230.23 -4487.53 3129.86 1.46 117.14 -2586.00 0.74 0.00 -65.00 0.64 -60.25 -2230.61 4630.60 2195.00 -88.01 -0.91 3562.50 3221.23 -0.97 179.83 323.90 -1360.22 873.22 -873.00 0.73 0.04 6354.21 0.06 -7240.97 0.20 124.51 11670.00 0.43 5.34 0.00 0.47 117.02 -2674.86 5.53 -5.85 111.00 0.00 18.23 -2741.00 11422.73 1360.22 -873.96 0.52 -24.62 -173.96 19.47 0.33 0.06 3562.00 0.52 -994.73 -2294.69 -79.00 123.50 -3562.88 -3129.34 -0.01 0.27 0.14 1327.74 -19.00 0.90 0.95 -6435.51 11299.60 -873.22 60.78 319.93 -654.22 -8.43 -7441.50 -3225.84 -323.16 -311.50 -3225.00 0.00 0.26 7416.21 0.00 88.08 6273.52 123.07 -12207.61 0.60 -873.43 1296.74 -19.72 0.60 -455.01 0.90 -12019.00 0.58 12168.95 -793.99 5626.45 -210.86 -5.60 873.56 -60.19 -124.86 -1.29 -2785.00 0.60 873.13 -118.33 -0.52 298.78 18.00 0.36 0.15 7.62 0.00 0.00 -210.55 3228.22 0.08 -5.00 18.60 2329.00 0.73 0.50 210.00 3.00 0.36 969.00 -69.10 -8031.32 -2341.00 -123.88 -179.83 8591.00 -3057.78 -653.78 0.00 8753.10 -8154.00 0.32 1.50 -3562.32 -0.90 -3228.01 -0.00 -65.91 -3221.41 -11670.71 -1396.81 7413.22 -0.23 0.00 0.19 5.00 -8753.04 -56.00 0.31 0.69 79.59 5836.18 3057.17 -0.13 -118.80 -38.47 -117.14 3225.00 0.99 3562.00 -0.62 111.23 8.54 11983.00 0.00 0.00 -0.34 -0.27 -2849.20 124.08 -1296.78 18.22 -60.32 -0.34 -7438.66 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 7 8 201.09 -5626.78 -18.00 -11299.16 7034.00 117.50 88.96 19.51 -6354.16 0.61 -122.62 -111.06 1396.52 -296.22 60.85 -5.35 7777.67 237.46 -117.45 -7224.57 -5567.61 122.06 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 12 187.32 0.00 -65.00 -4886.51 16813.62 -2.00 0.22 0.00 0.00 118.47 117.60 2294.15 311.14 -991.00 0.20 60.31 112.23 2741.58 -261.

00 0.05 -237.69 79.06 297 .22 -0.79 -0.60 -873.07 8783.67 0.45 88.22 18 -60.18 3344.47 -6354.42 -2860.01 -0.22 873.81 -3221.01 0.57 0.21 0.79 1.67 11.45 -0.51 69.84 323.78 319.60 -873.79 -1.04 17 2785.00 0.01 0.01 -0.58 -261.00 0.00 0.97 2337.01 0.00 0.30 4 -12084.38 7254.58 2.31 0.43 -1585.50 -3354.67 138.06 3562.00 -0.58 8 2741.28 -981.16 311.33 122.22 8.39 5613.80 8 175.09 -0.32 -0.46 -117.80 261.52 17 179.01 -0.28 1.59 5836.79 1.45 -210.00 -0.43 -5.87 4 6155.26 0.41 -11670.58 12168.37 2674.86 1.18 -1004.00 0.00 -8753.23 965.00 1.01 0.84 323.19 -2499.09 0.26 -138.86 5.32 -1.60 2230.67 -1.85 5.45 18 -1641.03 -0.01 0.57 -5567.00 -3344.00 -1.35 -16991.27 0.25 -2230.01 0.24 0.06 -7240.01 -1.89 2860.22 873.53 385.13 118.95 121.68 0.75 -4991.36 969.00 0.71 -0.35 19 6381.30 17 -6155.01 -0.00 0.03 -0.65 -7775.22 -0.00 -1.85 -111.68 0.57 5741.39 -10064.47 5847.43 282.58 -6030.32 0.00 0.27 175.23 -4487.24 0.67 -1.70 0.23 -2090.04 -56.32 0.78 -4806.00 -118.27 -2849.80 19 -2741.01 -0.91 11014.52 4 -2785.01 0.28 -9748.08 0.10 -8154.51 7638.89 -19.50 3221.59 60.98 0.00 -117.01 -0.19 -5.20 4886.57 -0.00 0.00 0.08 -450.22 -282.71 6354.94 5730.69 66.09 -0.19 -6329.60 651.25 3164.61 -122.65 7422.68 -0.71 0.60 2341.20 -7219.20 18 -226.45 8851.00 -123.64 -1.24 -0.76 1.13 118.00 0.22 0.61 -651.01 0.27 112.34 -2337.78 2649.97 8 9298.31 0.19 -6318.00 0.00 -0.24 -0.21 1293.23 -2741.00 0.52 -123.00 -0.27 6030.02 2898.01 -0.04 12.52 -296.04 4 9119.44 2212.03 -1.08 -1296.50 -3562.01 0.78 2499.59 8 -6381.97 19 -12216.58 19 -9298.75 -456.80 -38.01 0.19 124.44 3354.52 0.25 0.57 -4038.61 1585.62 17 226.19 124.61 4630.08 0.26 -0.93 -11422.00 -0.03 1.27 -0.67 -0.00 -0.07 -12207.43 -9678.51 -2831.68 -0.00 0.43 -8482.01 0.35 9791.01 -0.50 -675.43 1296.44 17 12084.78 126.00 0.08 -3164.49 -5836.26 42.62 0.01 0.04 8644.28 1.20 1198.20 7717.02 -2674.17 -6861.01 0.62 -0.36 -175.62 111.46 -0.20 17 1641.00 0.20 -52.08 -0.00 0.62 18 707.59 -506.08 -0.46 117.60 19 -175.44 17 60.44 -796.71 0.21 -0.76 0.87 17 -9119.00 0.49 -1095.27 1.38 -6030.00 0.00 0.08 -0.47 -385.04 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 18 19 60.23 2741.22 -60.66 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 15 16 201.60 18 -873.44 -3810.00 8753.64 0.00 0.71 0.08 0.27 -0.26 -1.57 6030.76 0.00 -0.90 -1157.54 0.00 0.08 0.03 2586.09 -0.91 0.13 -118.03 0.91 -10712.00 0.00 0.03 0.22 -5.00 0.13 0.24 -0.01 -0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 11 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 14 15 628.88 1163.01 -0.00 0.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.26 0.67 1.86 -112.46 117.22 17 873.97 17118.08 0.74 5683.62 -173.35 8 12216.01 0.55 2849.81 7413.51 11670.22 -60.94 6492.00 0.00 0.17 2090.67 0.75 60.18 -3057.00 88.86 0.00 2137.62 -2.54 0.60 17 -707.24 -7.06 2 3 11 12 12 1 2 3 11 12 13 1 2 3 11 12 14 1 2 3 11 12 15 1 2 3 11 12 16 1 2 3 11 12 4 -179.70 0.54 0.60 173.01 0.77 -301.

18 3344.01 1.54 0.22 873.29 12 -12084.00 0.91 11014.20 1198.00 0.00 -22.00 -3344.62 707.09 0.98 -0.78 0.08 -450.28 -981.60 .00 0.01 -0.62 0.22 -60.00 1.97 2337.99 311.Application Examples 298 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.49 -1095.27 6030.01 0.69 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 20 21 60.00 0.03 2586.24 -0.00 0.00 0.00 2137.96 -136.00 -0.01 -0.50 -562.18 -118.00 -0.08 0.24 0.26 1.05 -237.21 1641.00 0.43 -8482.89 -587.00 0.23 965.89 -19.00 0.64 1.89 -587.00 0.70 -0.09 0.01 -0.00 0.43 282.06 -11.96 136.05 132.00 -0.00 0.00 0.01 0.74 5683.00 0.62 11.01 0.26 -0.20 7717.23 -2090.01 0.00 0.55 2849.00 -1.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 17 LOAD 1 2 3 11 12 18 1 2 3 11 12 19 1 2 3 11 12 20 1 2 3 11 12 21 1 2 3 11 12 22 1 2 3 11 12 JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 12 -179.24 0.50 0.00 0.60 323.01 -0.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 12.89 2860.71 6354.24 66.37 2674.04 12.39 -25.51 7638.00 -587.00 -0.00 118.02 2898.51 -2831.43 -0.00 0.29 20 -6155.79 -0.00 1.86 112.57 0.00 0.26 0.00 0.39 0.70 0.03 0.71 -0.01 -0.01 0.08 0.18 -1004.00 0.89 -587.00 0.21 1293.00 0.61 -651.67 1.59 60.04 8644.86 12 6155.00 0.00 0.00 0.28 -1.23 0.64 0.00 0.68 -0.51 69.39 -25.01 0.60 -323.09 0.01 -0.00 0.27 0.01 -0.00 0.39 -10064.00 0.32 -112.52 20 179.35 22 6381.39 -562.01 0.42 -2860.58 16 2741.04 20 2785.00 -0.26 -138.43 -9678.00 0.48 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 4 12 5.01 0.00 0.90 -1157.00 0.60 651.00 0.28 -9748.60 323.Part I .00 0.54 -0.19 -6318.22 -10.48 22.60 22 -175.06 0.00 0.97 16 9298.03 -1.60 173.01 -0.39 0.67 0.00 -0.05 0.00 0.01 0.68 0.24 0.01 -0.06 -0.53 385.00 0.22 -282.26 0.18 -118.18 118.00 0.00 -25.59 16 -6381.67 -1.39 -25.58 2.50 -3354.39 5613.00 0.21 -226.77 -301.03 -0.76 -1.47 -6354.27 0.04 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 21 22 60.76 0.22 -5.23 -12.26 42.35 16 12216.00 0.80 22 -2741.04 -56.00 0.08 0.68 0.08 0.86 20 -9119.00 -0.00 0.06 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 2 10 -4.04 12 9119.32 0.99 0.43 -1585.08 -0.39 -25.45 8851.00 -323.59 -506.00 0.00 0.60 2341.80 16 175.91 -10712.20 -52.90 4.57 -4038.47 5847.48 -22.47 -385.38 7254.52 12 -2785.03 0.00 0.78 2649.00 0.23 -0.27 -1.00 0.44 2212.00 0.00 0.62 -311.17 2090.07 8783.00 0.00 0.48 22.44 126.01 0.79 -1.58 22 -9298.57 -7.78 -4806.01 0.01 -0.88 1163.26 0.18 -25.71 0.09 -0.00 0.22 0.00 0.95 -25.90 -132.39 -25.00 0.79 1.86 0.08 -0.57 5741.00 0.22 -60.50 -675.00 0.06 -0.00 0.00 -136.79 -1.62 226.00 0.28 -1.86 -5.54 -0.43 20 12084.00 0.38 -6030.08 -0.95 136.22 -0.68 0.00 0.60 -873.35 9791.00 0.08 0.00 0.44 3354.01 -0.01 0.60 -873.22 873.75 -4991.00 0.00 0.00 0.52 -0.06 -0.44 -3810.00 0.67 138.26 10.00 0.06 0.89 0.23 -0.65 -7775.71 0.00 0.03 1.03 -0.67 0.61 1585.00 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.44 -1641.97 22 -12216.67 1.19 -2499.67 -0.34 -2337.00 0.60 -707.95 121.17 -6861.71 -0.24 0.

61 3 358.12 -284.94 35.71 0.10 -0.39 0.12 366.93 190.76 142.00 0.00 0.46 19 -4895.33 17 8973.44 361.72 22 -296.94 20 14349.43 -41.03 338.67 0.81 2.47 0.62 -0.00 0.00 0.42 2 3 11 12 24 1 2 3 11 12 25 1 2 3 11 12 26 1 2 3 11 12 27 1 2 3 11 12 28 1 2 3 11 12 299 .00 0.10 -0.69 0.22 -0.38 118.00 0.61 323.61 -323.22 -12.61 133.00 0.00 -0.91 -136.23 32.95 -895.10 -0.94 3 -8924.54 20 -19726.66 -49.81 -2.00 0.87 448.00 -0.88 -2.00 -0.33 3 -14349.62 -11.86 112.95 376.00 0.10 -0.05 0.21 844.00 0.01 0.34 7 19522.18 21.40 3 19775.95 -895.12 -284.89 587.67 0.00 118.00 0.00 0.14 118.10 0.66 -0.68 203.70 -391.89 587.46 22 -4895.00 0.94 17 14349.00 -136.68 -949.00 0.01 0.21 11 5067.00 25.22 0.10 0.40 49.93 190.79 2.33 17 -5067.00 0.00 323.39 25.10 -0.87 448.89 0.10 -0.38 118.57 -376.57 443.86 -2.00 0.14 25.66 0.10 0.67 -0.50 0.10 0.00 0.39 25.71 -0.50 562.00 0.17 22 9089.95 376.06 11.00 0.01 -0.99 -311.00 -0.66 -366.00 0.21 3 5067.75 -309.05 -0.77 36.71 -0.97 869.58 0.00 0.17 19 9089.00 0.10 0.33 20 -5067.02 -10.00 0.48 15 345.67 -0.54 17 -19726.34 15 19522.22 -393.00 0.02 0.71 0.00 0.06 -0.46 7 -9040.10 -0.02 0.81 2.61 -323.39 25.71 0.00 0.06 -0.48 7 345.10 0.00 0.69 -0.00 -0.00 -0.43 22.44 361.00 0.00 0.00 -0.66 0.48 -15.00 22.00 0.00 0.97 869.10 0.38 -0.99 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 23 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 6 14 -4.66 7 4895.55 -9.05 126.26 0.21 844.14 -118.89 587.10 0.00 0.76 896.52 -0.00 0.76 896.01 -0.94 35.21 0.00 0.91 25.02 -10.66 -49.66 -366.88 2.00 0.01 -0.58 0.05 -0.75 -309.69 0.27 17 -309.10 0.47 22.00 0.62 21.55 -9.03 338.70 -391.00 0.00 0.68 -949.76 142.01 132.00 0.62 311.02 -0.52 22 -19473.06 0.00 0.42 11 358.52 0.62 21.39 562.10 0.21 -0.10 -0.33 20 8973.10 0.46 15 -9040.10 0.39 11 19775.01 -0.00 0.38 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.67 -0.47 -22.06 -0.00 587.39 -0.95 -36.88 -2.12 366.00 0.87 -38.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.66 15 4895.22 -393.00 0.26 -10.67 0.10 0.81 -2.01 0.00 0.79 -2.00 0.43 -41.10 -0.86 2.34 19 -14281.00 0.68 203.33 11 -14349.00 0.43 22.27 20 -309.47 -22.28 -112.05 126.00 0.46 15 14281.08 -920.48 -15.00 0.10 -0.66 0.00 -0.57 -376.91 136.14 -118.67 0.48 30.00 0.00 0.18 21.77 36.39 0.57 443.00 0.91 136.00 0.52 22.34 22 -14281.90 4.00 0.00 0.71 -0.01 0.01 -0.10 0.47 0.48 30.71 0.22 12.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 10.90 -132.00 0.94 11 -8924.22 -0.47 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 8 16 5.01 0.Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.88 2.00 0.39 0.72 19 -296.08 -920.00 0.62 0.46 7 14281.23 32.39 25.00 0.52 19 -19473.61 133.00 0.52 22.00 0.86 -5.28 0.00 0.95 -36.39 25.00 0.00 0.02 -0.87 -38.69 0.40 49.00 0.06 0.67 0.00 0.

02 0.02 0.39 1150.92 T PASS 72.00 0.KGS METE (LOCAL ) MEMBER 29 LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 18 21 0.63 12 3. 92.50 11 1.319 -112.316 110.00 C PASS 54.00 0.46 -3.A -1.39 1150.8.00 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.02 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.60 T (CANADIAN CSA-13.02 SECTIONS) 0.8.463 -167.8.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.02 0.95 C PASS 71.PRO CODE CHECKING .8.00 11 3.KNS MEMBER MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 1 ST TABLE W310X97 PASS 72.02 SECTIONS) 0.8.92 T PASS 72.9.00 11 3.00 0.40 0.3B 0.00 0.00 0.A -1.3B 1.00 0.89 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.9.87 SECTIONS) 0.463 -167.3B -0.50 11 1.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.9.00 .00 C PASS 54.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.Part I .80 12 0.A 1.454 -166.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.3B -1.319 -112.00 1150.63 SECTIONS) 0.00 0.89 SECTIONS) 0.80 12 0.00 0.39 0.00 0.87 SECTIONS) 0.81 SECTIONS) 0. 91.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 -3.(CAN/CSA-S16-01 ) ******************************************** ALL UNITS ARE .Application Examples 300 Example Problem 29 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 -0.95 C PASS 71.3B -0.8.46 3.8.50 12 1.00 0.00 0.3B 0.458 166.39 25. LOAD LIST 11 12 PARAMETER CODE CANADA CHECK CODE ALL STAAD.39 1125.8.00 0.3B 1.00 12 3.04 C PASS 59.A 1.60 T 7 ST W310X97 PASS 72.00 1125.316 110.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.00 0.39 1150.00 0.00 0.00 0.452 164.00 0.50 12 1.21 SECTIONS) 0.00 -0. 90.02 25.46 2 3 11 12 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 89.454 -166.00 3.04 C 9 ST W310X97 10 ST W310X97 11 ST W310X97 12 ST W310X97 PASS 59.98 C 2 ST W310X97 3 ST W310X97 4 ST W310X97 5 ST W310X97 6 ST W310X97 PASS 71.98 C 8 ST W310X97 PASS 71.00 0.9.80 11 0.64 (CANADIAN CSA-13.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.06 SECTIONS) 0.06 3.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.458 166.21 (CANADIAN CSA-13.00 0.3B -1.81 SECTIONS) 0.80 11 0.06 SECTIONS) 0.452 164.22 (CANADIAN CSA-13.40 -3.06 -0.00 0.

8.9.22 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.A 0.00 -11.00 11 0.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.9.05 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.17 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.9.KNS MET (UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED) MEMBER TABLE RESULT/ CRITICAL COND/ RATIO/ LOADING/ FX MY MZ LOCATION ======================================================================= 13 ST W250X39 PASS 118.831 0.00 11 0.831 0.009 0.70 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.3C 0.145 0.10 C 15 ST W250X39 PASS 15.80 T PASS 118.80 12 0.2+ 0.000 0.00 108.02 96.9.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.786 0.A 0.80 12 0.00 11 0.10 C PASS 15.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.804 0.A 0.50 301 .A 0.145 0.2+ 0.000 0.2+ 0.00 C (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 11 0.02 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.16 C 23 ST C200X17 24 ST C200X17 PASS 1.55 C 16 ST W250X39 17 ST W250X39 18 ST W250X39 19 ST W250X39 20 ST W250X39 PASS 119.00 L152X152X13 FAIL 0.34 T * 25 ST * 26 ST * 27 ST * 28 ST 29 ST PASS 1.00 0.70 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 11 0.34 T 22 ST C200X17 PASS 1.2+ 0.51 T 14 ST W250X39 PASS 16.00 0.16 C L152X152X13 FAIL 0.02 96.9.00 0.8.02 98.00 11 1.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.00 -3.00 0.3C 0.A 0.A 0.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.8.831 0.8.00 11 0.000 0.00 105.8.51 T PASS 16.55 C PASS 119.8.00 11 3.02 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 108.01 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CLASS 4 SECT 2.00 105.00 3.Example Problem 29 ALL UNITS ARE .786 -0.804 -0.499 0.00 12 1.00 0.19 12 1.3C 0.00 -0.8.00 11 3.000 0.831 0.01 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.22 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.00 C200X17 PASS 0.009 0.9.17 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.02 98.05 (CANADIAN SECTIONS) CSA-13.80 T 21 ST C200X17 PASS 1.

Application Examples 302 Example Problem 29 93.com * ************************************************************ .com * * THAILAND +66(0)2645-1018/19 support@bentley.uk * * GERMANY +49/931/40468-71 info@reig.co. FINISH *********** END OF THE STAAD.co.com * * Europe support@bentley.Part I .com * * JAPAN +81(03)5952-6500 eng-eye@crc.uk * * FRANCE +33(0)1 64551084 support@reel.Pro RUN *********** **** DATE= TIME= **** ************************************************************ * For questions on STAAD.com * * Asia support@bentley. please contact * * Research Engineers Offices at the following locations * * * * Telephone Email * * USA: +1 (714)974-2500 support@bentley.no * * SINGAPORE +65 6225-6158 support@bentley.Pro.com * * INDIA +91(033)4006-2021 support@bentley.com * * UK +44(1454)207-000 support@reel.com * * CANADA +1 (905)632-4771 detech@odandetech.co.com * * * * North America support@bentley.de * * NORWAY +47 67 57 21 30 staad@edr.jp * * CHINA +86(411)363-1983 support@bentley.

Example Problem 29 NOTES 303 .

304 NOTES .

PART – II VERIFICATION PROBLEMS .

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“Strength of Materials. 3rd edition.1 Verification Problem No. Kips Solution Theory STAAD Difference R4 8.77 None .77 8..” Part 1. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.. page 346. Inc.. D. COMPARISON: Support Reaction. Van Nostrand Co. 1 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a joint load in a plane truss. S. 1956. PROBLEM: Determine the horizontal reaction at support 4 of the system. problem 3.

.0 . PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 4 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 8. MEMBER INCI 1 1 2 .00 5.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO. 3 PRIS AX 2 CONSTANT E 30000. 2.00 0. 18. * THEREFORE IF P=10. 4 300. 3.00 0. FINISH . THE ANSWER IS REACTION = 0. 1 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 20. 2 FY -10. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. . 7. . 19. 2 150. 50.0 .77 -8. 12.00 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 4 21. 16. 1 * * REFERENCE `STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 2 1 3 .00 0. 3. 5 3 4 MEMB PROP 1 4 PRIS AX 5. 10. 5. 4.77 5.00 0. 100. 3 2 3 . 6. 9.Part II – Verification Problems 2 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. REACTION = 8. 14.77 * UNITS INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 15.00 0. 17. 11. Intl.00 0. 2 5 PRIS AX 3. 0.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 3 150. ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 0. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 8.00 0.877P. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 5/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 13. 4 2 4 .

533 None . COMPARISON: Solution Theory STAAD Difference 3 Period...533 0. Y W = 1000 lbs 1 L 1 K 2 A GIVEN: 2 X K B EI = 30000.0 ksi A = 7. “Vibration Problems in Engineering. and Weaver. sec 0. Neglecting the distributed mass of the beam.0 ft.” John Wiley & Sons.1-3. 4th edition. 1974.. problem 1. S. 2 OBJECTIVE: To find the period of free vibration for a beam supported on two springs with a point mass. calculate the period of free vibration of the beam subjected to a load of W. Young. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.3 Verification Problem No. K = 300. PROBLEM: A simple beam is supported by two spring as shown in the figure. W.0 ft B = 3.0 lb/in. D. page 11.

1 1 2 2 UNIT INCH SUPPORT 1 3 FIXED BUT MZ KFY 300. 6. 2 FY -1000. 2. 0. 11. 2 7. 9.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.00 Z SUMM-X SUMM-Y SUMM-Z 0. 1 2 PRIS AX 1. 15. 0. .000 100.. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = NUMBER OF MODES REQUESTED = NUMBER OF EXISTING MASSES IN THE MODEL = NUMBER OF MODES THAT WILL BE USED = 1 1 1 *** EIGENSOLUTION: ADVANCED METHOD *** CALCULATED FREQUENCIES FOR LOAD CASE 1 FREQUENCY(CYCLES/SEC) PERIOD(SEC) MODE 1 1.876 CPS * UNIT POUND FEET JOINT COORD . 3. 13. 5. . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 4. 0. 18. MODAL CALCULATION PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. F = 1. PROB 1.1-3) * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK IS T = 0. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL CUT OFF MODE SHAPE 1 LOADING 1 1000 LB LOAD AT JOINT 2 JOINT LOAD .. 16. Intl. 19. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 2 * * REFERENCE 'VIBRATION PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING' BY * TIMOSHENKO.00100.000 0. 12.53317 MASS PARTICIPATION FACTORS IN PERCENT -------------------------------------MODE 1 22. 21. 17. 8. FINISH X Y 0.YOUNG.533 SEC.000 7 . IZ 1. 20. 7. MEMB PROP .WEAVER.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 4 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.876 0. (4TH EDITION. 14. 1 0. 3 10. 10. MEMB INCI . VIZ. PAGE 11.

Uniform pressure= 5N/sq. 3 TYPE: Deflection and moments for plate-bending finite element. GIVEN: Plate thickness = 25mm. PROBLEM: A simple cantilever plate is divided into 12 4-noded finite elements. A uniform pressure load is applied and the maximum deflection at the tip of the cantilever and the maximum bending at the support are calculated. REFERENCE: Simple hand calculation by considering the entire structure as a cantilever beam.mm .5 Verification Problem No.

50 kNm 22. deflection = WL /8EI.51 mm 18. where 3 3 10 WL =(5x300x100) x (300) = 405x10 3 3 8EI=8x(210x10 N/sq.5KN. Defl. moment = WL/2 = (5x300x100)x300/2 6 = 22.5x10 N.20 mm Max Moment 22.mm = 22.50 kNm .m SOLUTION COMPARISON: Hand calculation STAAD Max.mm)x(100x25 /12) 7 = 21875x10 Deflection = 18. 18.51mm Max.Part II – Verification Problems 6 HAND CALCULATION: 3 Max.

8.0 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 8 15 FIXED UNIT NEWTON LOAD 1 5N/SQ. 4.7 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 16.0813 Z-ROTAN 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.0000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.00 0. UNIFORM LOAD ELEMENT LOAD 1 TO 12 PRESSURE 5.0000 1. 15.00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 24.00 0. 10. FINISH . 18.54 5.00 1.19 -18. 13. 6. 20. STAAD SPACE FINITE ELEMENT VERIFICATION UNIT MM KN JOINT COORDINATES 1 0 0 0 7 300 0 0 REPEAT 2 0 50 0 ELEMENT INCIDENCE 1 1 2 9 8 TO 6 REPEAT 1 6 7 ELEMENT PROP 1 TO 12 THICK 25.MM.91 -112.0 CONSTANT E 210. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN ----------------JOINT LOAD 1 8 15 1 1 1 METE STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 0. 7. 11.0000 RADIANS) Y-TRANS STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE Z-TRANS 0.00 0.54 0.0000 Y-ROTAN -0.91 -1. 9.00 0. 14.8159 X-ROTAN 0.47 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENT LIST 14 JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM -----------------JOINT LOAD 14 1 X-TRANS 0.00 0.00 0.00 -18. UNIT KN METER 23. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 108 21.47 11.56 5. 5. 2.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 21/ 12/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 19. 3.00 0. Intl. 12. 17.

Part II – Verification Problems 8 NOTES .

5 None . COMPARISON: Reaction. S. 3rd edition. D. Van Nostrand Co.5 1. PROBLEM: Determine the reaction of the system as shown in the figure.. Inc.9 Verification Problem No. page 346. “Strength of Materials.” Part 1. 4 OBJECTIVE: To find the support reactions due to a load at the free end of a cantilever plane bent with an intermediate support. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.. problem 2.. Kip Solution Theory STAAD Differenc e RX 1. 1956.

00 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 10. 9.50 1. 16. THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK AFTER * RECALCULATION = 1. Intl. CONSTANT E 3000.00 0. 2. 2 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00 0. PRINT REACTION SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 1 2 INCH STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 1. 6. IZ 100. 11.Part II – Verification Problems 10 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. ALL POISSON CONCRETE ALL SUPPORT 1 FIXED .00 0. 0. 13. 4 FY -1. 4 10. . MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. . 20. 10. 7.50 -1. 4.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10. 15. 20. 20. 19.00 -5. 3 0.00 0. 14. PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 5. 17.5 * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. 18. FINI . 3. 2. 2 FIXED BUT FY MZ LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD . 8.00 0. . TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 346 PROBLEM NO.00 0. 4 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 8 21.00 0. 12.

in Solution σ Theory 3575.5 in Diameter = 10 in. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). 1956.01037 None . REFERENCE: Timoshenko. 2. δ 0.. D. 3rd edition. Difference None * The value is recalculated. and Deflection (δ). P = 26000 lb.11 Verification Problem No.5 in GIVEN: 59 in 13.01040 0. S. Y P P X 13.“Strength of Materials.* STAAD 3575. Van Nostrand Co..” Part. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum stress in a locomotive axle (as shown in the figure) as well as the deflection at the middle of the axle. page 97..1. problems 1. 5 OBJECTIVE: To find deflections and stress at the center of a locomotive axle. psi.

0 3575.3 3575.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.3 3575. CONSTANT E 30E6 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .0 1. 4 72. 3 43.00 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.104 INCH FOR MAX.0 BEND-Z 0. 13. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. Intl. . 0. . DEFLECTION.4 0.0 0.3 3575. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 11 19. 0. 16.00 0. . 1 1 2 4 MEMB PROP .0 2 1 .0 0.0 1. 4.0 3575. 18.3 441.0 0.0 3 1 . 1 TO 4 TABLE ST PIPE OD 10. 2 13. 5.0 0.3 3575.0 0.5 0. 17. ANSWERS ARE 3580 FOR MAX. 5 86.0 0.0 3575. 5 * * REFERENCE 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' PART-1 BY S. 11.0 0. 12.0 4 1 .4 441.0 0. 6. 1 AND 2.3 0. 10.0 0.0 0.00 AXIAL 0. 8. .Part II – Verification Problems 12 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.3 0. 1 5 FY -26000. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2 4 PINNED LOADING 1 JOINT LOAD .0 1.4 441.0 3575.3 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** .0 BEND-Y 0.5 0. ID 0.0 0. 3.0 0. 15.0 3575.0 441.0 0.0 3575.3 3575.4 0. 9. TIMOSHENKO * PAGE 97 PROBLEM NO.3 0. PRINT MEMBER STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 LD 1 SECT .0 1.3 0.0 0. STRESS * AND 0.0 0.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 5/ 4/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. MEMB INCI . 0.0 0.3 3575. 2. 14. 7.

00086 .00000 0.00000 0.00086 0.00000 0.01138 STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE Z-TRANS 0.00000 Y-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 Y-TRANS -0.01138 0.00000 0. FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00070 0.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 21.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00070 -0.00000 0.00000 0.13 20.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 5 LOAD 1 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS 0.00000 -0.00000 0.00000 0.01037 0.00000 0.00000 X-ROTAN 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 14 NOTES .

1975. 3rd edition. page 383. COMPARISON: Moment. E and I same for all members.5. C. “Structural Analysis.44 Small . example 22 .” Intext Educational Publishers. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 44.. 6 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a uniform load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame.40 44.15 Verification Problem No. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame. J. REFERENCE: McCormack.

00 20.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 2 UNI Y -2.33 -3. 1 2 3 PRIS AX 1.0 PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 -22. PLANE FRAME WITH NO SIDESWAY * ANSWER . 10.44 2 1 2 3 3. 17. 0. .33 -3. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 16. 3.21 -44.33 3. 20.00 0. . 20. 9. 2. 2 0.00 0.00 3. 15. 5. 12.00 0.21 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 19.33 20.00 44. FINISH . 8.00 0.00 0. MEMB INCI . 11. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 18.00 -20.33 0.00 44. Intl. . 14. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.MAX BENDING = 44.44 22.4 FT-KIP * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0. MCCORMACK.05 CONSTANT E 4132E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT . 13.00 0.00 0.44 -44. 7. 6. 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP .00 0. * PAGE 383 EXAMPLE 22-5.33 0.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20.44 3 1 3 4 20.00 0. 0.00 0. 4.00 0. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. IZ 0. MEMB LOAD . 1 4 FIXED LOADING 1 .00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 16 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. 3 20. 6 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK C.00 0.00 -3. 4 20.00 0.00 0.00 -20.00 0.

7 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection due to joint loads in a plane truss. AX 7-8 =1.2.5 in2. in. AX 9-11 = 3 in2. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point 5 of the plane truss structure shown in the figure. page 271. “Structural Analysis. example 18 . J.63 None . 1975.. AX 12-13 = 4 in2. 3rd edition. E = 30E3 ksi COMPARISON: Deflection. C.17 Verification Problem No.63 2. Solution Theory STAAD Difference δ5 2.” Intext Educational Publishers. REFERENCE: McCormack. AX 5-6 = 2 in2. GIVEN: AX 1-4 = 1 in2.

18. 29. 11 5 8 . FINISH Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.00000 0. 20.00000 .83516 0. 25. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.5 9 10 11 PRI AX 3.00000 0. 7 8 PRI AX 1. 11.00000 0.00000 0. 12 6 7 13 UNIT INCH MEMB PROP 1 TO 4 PRI AX 1.00000 0. 6.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers.0 5 6 PRIS AX 2.00000 0. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0. 28. 15.00000 0.63033 0. CONSTANT E 30E3 ALL POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT 1 PINNED . 16.00000 0.00000 0. PAGE * 271 EXAMPLE 18-2. 4.0 PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 8/ 13/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. 5 1 2 6 2 3 . 7.72000 -0. 3.00000 0.00000 0. 22.63 INCH * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 60 0 0 6 15.00000 -0.00000 0. 8.00000 0.24000 -0.00000 0. 7 3 6 . TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 13 30. 3 FIXED BUT FX MZ LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 2 4 5 FY -20. 12 13 PRI AX 4.5 MEMB INCI 1 2 6 .12000 -0.24000 -0. 9 3 7 10 1 6 .89516 -2. 26.00000 0. 7 * * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK. 7.00000 0.48000 -0.29758 0.06578 0.12000 -0.00000 0. 3 4 8 .00000 0. 21.00000 0. 8 45.18000 0. 2 3 4 .00000 0. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO.00000 0.00000 0. 4 4 5 . ANSWER .00820 0.00000 0. 5.00000 0. 10. 15. 13. 9. 17.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 31. 8 3 8 .00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.Part II – Verification Problems 18 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00000 0. 7 30. 23. 14.Y-DISP AT JOINT 5 = 2.00000 0. 27. 12.00000 0. 24. 7.00000 -0. 19. . 2.5 . Intl.

C. page 385. Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 69. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the structure.” Intext Educational Publishers.40 69.44 Small . 1975.19 Verification Problem No.. 8 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to a concentrated load on the horizontal member in a 1x1 bay plane frame. REFERENCE: McCormack. 3rd edition. problem 22 .6. “Structural Analysis. E and I same for all members COMPARISON: Moment. J.

Part II – Verification Problems 20 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.00 0.74 0. 4 30 0 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 3 MEMB PROP AMERICAN 1 2 3 TAB ST W12X26 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .00 0.00 0. 13.44 -66.34 -69.66 3 1 3 4 9.00 66. 21.00 0. REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY JACK MCCORMACK.09 -3. 19.00 -5.74 20. 20. Intl. 11.MAX BENDING IN MEMB 1 = 69. STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO. 17.00 0.00 0.91 0. 8.09 9. 3.00 69. 5. * ANSWER . 14. 3 30 30 . 16.00 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.66 45. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.00 0.51 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23. .44 2 1 2 3 3.09 -20. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 6 22. PAGE 385 PROB 22-6.00 0. 2 0 30 . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 0. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------- NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.00 0.91 3. 12.00 0. 8 * * PLANE FRAME WITH SIDESWAY. 6. 1 4 FIXED LOAD 1 VERTICAL LOAD MEMBER LOAD 2 CON Y -30. 18. 7.74 -3. 2.4 KIP-FT * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0.00 0.91 -9.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 10. 10. 10.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 20. 9.74 -3.74 3. FINISH . 4. 15.

01 0. E and I same for all members. 9 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum moment due to lateral joint loads in a 1x2 bay plane frame. REFERENCE: McCormack. 1975.” Intext Educational Publishers.40 178. 3rd edition. example 22 . Kip-ft Solution Theory STAAD Difference MMax 176. J. COMPARISON: Moment.91% . page 388.. PROBLEM: GIVEN: Determine the maximum moment in the frame.7. C. “Structural Analysis.21 Verification Problem No.

26 22. 14. 21.00 0.00 178.00 0.94 -14. 7. 2.00 0.00 0.00 0. * PAGE 388.51 -6.00 0.26 15. 9. 5 3 4 .00 0.00 0. 11.49 64.24 5 1 3 4 9.00 0.10 3 1 3 5 -6.00 0. 18.00 0.93 4 1 4 6 6.97 0.00 0.00 0.00 0. 6.03 -5.06 -15.91 -15.00 0. PRINT FORCES MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 15. Intl.2 IZ .00 0.06 0.KIP FEET (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 3 -22.00 0.91 -9. PROB 22-7.51 6.00 176.75 15.75 0.51 0.51 6. 16.00 0.24 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23. 6 5 6 MEMB PROP 1 TO 6 PRI AX . STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1.00 34. 5 FX 10 PERFORM ANALYS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 6/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.65 -157.00 0.26 -22.00 0.01 123. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 22.73 122.00 0.1 CONSTANT E 4176E3 POISSON STEEL ALL SUPPORT .97 -4. 3.00 0.00 0.00 35.00 0. FINISH . ANSWER . 20. 10.51 5. 1 2 FIXED LOAD 1 HORIZONTAL LOAD JOINT LOAD 3 FX 20 .03 -5.4 K-F * UNIT FT KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 0 0 5 0 40 0 2 .03 0.00 0.51 4. * REFERENCE 'STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' BY JACK MCCORMACK. 2 20 0 0 6 20 40 0 2 MEMB INCI 1 1 3 2 . 4. 17.00 0.00 0.00 0.MAX MOM IN MEMB 1 = 176.34 65.00 0. 9 * * MULTIPLE LEVEL PLANE FRAME WITH HORIZONTAL LOAD.26 14.16 2 1 2 4 22. 13. 3 3 5 4 .93 -65.94 0.00 -64.00 -157. 19.44 6 1 5 6 5. 12. 5.03 -6. 8.00 0.Part II – Verification Problems 22 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.

10 OBJECTIVE: To find the maximum axial force and moment due to load and moment applied at a joint in a space frame.Max (kip-in) 84.47 1. REFERENCE: Weaver Jr.319 96.04 None MZ.” page 146.Max (kip-in) 95. AX = 11 in2 IX = 83 in4 IY = 56 in4 IZ = 56 in4 COMPARISON: Solution Reference STAAD Difference FMax (kips) 1.47 None MY. W.. GIVEN: E = 30E3 ksi..23 Verification Problem No. problem 8.120 Small .04 84. PROBLEM: Determine the maximum axial force and moment in the space structure. “Computer Programs for Structural Analysis.

43 0. 3 2 4 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRIS AX 11. 10.78 123.00217 0. 20. 3.22 48.25 ALL SUPPORT 3 4 FIXED LOAD 1 JOINT LOAD JOINT LOAD 1 FX 2. Intl. ALL POISS .00255 -0.00213 -0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 24. 14.MAX AXIAL FORCE= 1. 16. 22.00435 0.97 47.72 .25 96. 17. 7. PERFORM ANAL P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 4/ 3/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.319 (BOTH MEMB 3) * UNIT INCH KIP JOINT COORD 1 0 120 0 . 4.10 -0.22 -0.00000 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE LOAD FORCE-X FORCE-Y FORCE-Z MOM-X MOM-Y MOM Z 1 1 -1. 11. 8. .47 (MEMB 3) * MAX BEND-Y= 84.70161 0.00000 0.17182 -0. IZ 56 CONSTANT . 2 MZ -120.00000 -0. 10 * * REFERENCE 'COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS' * BY WILLIAM WEAVER JR.00802 0.04. 6. 4 360 0 120 MEMB INCI 1 1 2 .00000 0.00000 0.08 -17.00000 0. 21.00016 -0.Part II – Verification Problems 24 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PAGE 146 STRUCTURE NO.22202 0. 23.43 1. MAX BEND-Z= 95.00000 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 2. 2 3 1 .00101 0.22267 0. 18.00000 SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KIP ----------------JOINT 3 4 STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE INCH Y-ROTAN 0. 12. 2 240 120 0 3 0 0 0 . IX 83. 2 FY -1.90 -0.48119 0. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULT JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) -----------------JOINT 1 2 3 4 LOAD 1 1 1 1 X-TRANS 0.00000 -0. IY 56. 8.Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. E 30000. STAAD SPACE VERIFICATION PROB NO. 15. 9.12 -11.00000 Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN 0.00000 Z-ROTAN -0. * ANSWER .00000 0. . 19. 13. 5.

48 -37.02 37.71 -17.43 0.43 0.48 0.47 -1.28 -95.43 1.43 0.90 -0.90 -0.KIP INCH (LOCAL ) MEMBER LOAD JT AXIAL SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z TORSION MOM-Y MOM-Z 1 1 1 2 0.10 0.47 -0.22 22.71 -22.22 -17.32 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 25.37 -67.69 84.71 0.37 3 1 2 4 1.04 -53.12 36.10 -1.02 15.22 -0.78 22.97 -34.22 -0.36 2 1 3 1 -0.97 17.25 MEMBER END FORCES STRUCTURE TYPE = SPACE ----------------ALL UNITS ARE -.97 -48.71 96.71 -0. FINISH .18 -36.

Part II – Verification Problems 26 NOTES .

Van Nostrand Co. COMPARISON: Stress (σ).27 Verification Problem No. problem 9. S.. page 30. GIVEN: Esteel = 30E6 psi.” Part 1. Find the stresses in the wires due to a rise in temperature.. αcopper = 92E-7 in/in/°F AX = 0. 11 OBJECTIVE: A rigid bar is suspended by two copper wires and one steel wire. determine the stresses in the copper and steel wires if the temperature rise is 10º F. PROBLEM: Assuming the horizontal member to be very rigid. 3rd edition. D. REFERENCE: Timoshenko. Ecopper = 16E6 psi αsteel = 70E-7 in/in/°F. “Strength of Materials. psi Solution Theory STAAD Difference σSteel 19695 19698 Small σCopper 10152 10151 Small . 1956.1 in2 MODELLING HINT: Assume a large moment of inertia for the horizontal rigid member and distribute of the concentrated load as uniform.

22. 16. E 30E6 MEMB 2 4 5 E 16E6 MEMB 1 3 POISSON 0. PRINT STRESSES 7 . 2 5. 1 2 3 SUPPORT . 20. 8. THIS MAY BE DUE TO ALL MEMBERS AT THIS JOINT BEING RELEASED OR EFFECTIVELY RELEASED IN THIS DIRECTION.INSTABILITY AT JOINT 5 DIRECTION = FX PROBABLE CAUSE SINGULAR-ADDING WEAK SPRING K-MATRIX DIAG= 1. 19. Intl. 23.4 5 UNI Y -400.NO. * THE ANSWERS ARE 19700 PSI AND 10200 PSI. ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 2 EQN. 5 5. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 6/ 5/ 3 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1. . 2 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 3 EQN. 9. 20. * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 12 ZERO STIFFNESS IN DIRECTION 6 AT JOINT 1 EQN.1 . MEMB INCI 1 1 4 3 . STAAD PLANE VERIFICATION PROB NO 11 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' BY * TIMOSHENKO (PART 1).Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. 2. 1 2 3 PINNED LOADING 1 VERT LOAD + TEMP LOAD MEMB LOAD . 7. 20. 24. 21.VERY WEAK SPRING ADDED FOR STABILITY 25. 20. 17. 14. 0. 1 LOADS APPLIED OR DISTRIBUTED HERE FROM ELEMENTS WILL BE IGNORED.2000001E+04 L-MATRIX DIAG= 0. * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. 6 10.NO. 3 ***WARNING .Part II – Verification Problems 28 **************************************************** * * * STAAD. PAGE 30. 6. TEMP LOAD . 0. 0. 4. IZ 100. . 4 4 5 5 MEMB PROP 1 2 3 PRI AX 0. 3 10. ALPHA 70E-7 MEMB 2 MEMB TRUSS . 4 0. 4 5 PRI AX 1. 5. 1 2 3 TEMP 10.0000000E+00 EQN NO ***NOTE . PROB 9.15 ALL ALPHA 92E-7 MEMB 1 3 . 10. CONSTANT . 15.NO. 13. 12. . 3. . 11. 18.

0 1.0 3.8 0.0 0.0 3 1 .3 T 0.0 0.0 0.00 19698.8 1522.3 0.00 10150.0 0.0 0.3 19698.0 0.00 0.0 0.0 1.0 1477.00 0.8 0.0 0.0 10150.6 1477.0 2 1 . FINISH .0 3.0 10150.8 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 T 19698.0 5 1 .0 0.0 0.0 0.00 10150.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.4 0.8 T 10150.0 4 1 .0 3.29 MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB LD SECT AXIAL BEND-Y BEND-Z COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 1 .0 1.4 1522.0 0.0 1.6 0.8 T 0.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 26.0 0.8 0.0 0.8 0.0 19698.8 T 10150.0 0.8 10150.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.8 10150.0 0.0 0.

Part II – Verification Problems 30 NOTES .

Solution Theory STAAD Difference σA 10000.. None δA 0. 3rd edition. 1956. psi and Deflection (δ).. in.12 0. E = 30E6 psi COMPARISON: Stress (σ). problem 2. S.” Part 1.5 in2.12 None ..31 Verification Problem No. “Strength of Materials. Van Nostrand Co. page 10.5 in2 L=180” A=0. 10000. 12 OBJECTIVE: To find the joint deflection and member stress due to a joint load in a plane truss.5 in2 P=5000 GIVEN: lb AX = 0. Inc. D. 30° 30° L=180” A=0. PROBLEM: Determine the vertical deflection at point A and the member stresses. REFERENCE: Timoshenko.

Pro * * Version 2007 Build 02 * * Proprietary Program of * * Research Engineers. . * * Date= * * Time= * * * * USER ID: * **************************************************** 1. PERFORM ANALYSIS P R O B L E M S T A T I S T I C S ----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS = 3/ 2/ 2 SOLVER USED IS THE IN-CORE ADVANCED SOLVER TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES = 1.0 0.0 0. 8. 10. STAAD TRUSS VERIFICATION PROBLEM NO 12 * * THIS EXAMPLE IS TAKEN FROM 'STRENGTH OF MATERIALS' * (PART 1) BY TIMOSHENKO.00000 0.00000 0. 9. DEFLECTION = 0.0 T 10000. 12.00000 0.0 T AXIAL BEND-Y 0.0 0.00000 0.00000 -0.00000 0. 0.0 BEND-Z 0.0 10000. 18. 19. 20.00000 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 22.12 INCH * AND STRESS =10000 PSI * UNIT INCH POUND JOINT COORD 1 0. . PAGE 10 PROB 2.0 0. * THE ANSWER IN THE BOOK .0 10000.0 0.Part II – Verification Problems 32 **************************************************** * * * STAAD.0 2 1 .00000 0.00000 0.0 0.0 T 10000.0 10000. FINISH .00000 0.15 ALL SUPPORT . 5.00000 0.00000 Z-ROTAN 0.00000 0.12000 0. 3. 13.5 CONSTANT E 30E6 POISSON 0. MEMB INCI .00 10000. 1 3 PINNED LOAD 1 VERT LOAD JOINT LOAD . 15. 2 FY -5000. 11.0 0. 16. 3 311. 4.0 0. TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM = 2 21.0 ************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT ************** 23.0 T 0. 7. 14.0 0.88457 -90.0 0. 17. 6.0 0.00000 0. 1 1 2 2 MEMB PROP 1 2 PRIS AX 0. Intl.76914 0.00000 0. 2 155. PRINT DISPLACEMENTS JOINT DISPLACEMENT (INCH RADIANS) STRUCTURE TYPE = TRUSS -----------------JOINT LOAD X-TRANS Y-TRANS Z-TRANS X-ROTAN Y-ROTAN 1 2 3 1 1 1 0. 2.0 1.00000 0.00 10000.0 0.0 0.00000 0.0 1.0 10000. PRINT STRESSES MEMBER STRESSES --------------ALL UNITS ARE POUN/SQ INCH MEMB COMBINED SHEAR-Y SHEAR-Z 1 LD 1 SECT .

33 .

Part II – Verification Problems 34 .

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