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Mechanism Design Option
Table of Contents: 1) Objective 2) Overview 3) Tutorial 4) Tutorial Evaluation
Page 1 of 14
animations of pre-defined motion can be created. • Identify a current project where this method can be applied. stored and replayed. you will be able to: • Explain why Mechanism is useful for design investigation.) to create a mechanism assembly. Page 2 of 14 . The mechanism can then be interactively dragged through its range of motion. Overview: The Pro/ENGINEER® Mechanism Design Extension enables designers to quickly and easily assemble Pro/ENGINEER parts and subassemblies using pre-defined connections (pin joints. align and insert. etc. or by using 'drivers'.Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Objective: At the end of this tutorial. sliders. ball joints. These connections are intelligent Pro/ENGINEER features and can be used in conjunction (and are interchangeable with) the traditional assembly constraints like mate. • Create assemblies with mechanism constraints and analyze its movement.
Axis . Table 1: Types of Connections Available in Mechanism Design and the Required References. Drivers may be added and the mechanism motion may be simulated kinematically. Piston Connecting Rod.Axis . Use the Automatic constraint to assemble this part.Planar Surface . we need to assemble the Engine Block Bottom with fixed constraints. Assemblies created using Mechanism Design may then be transfered to Pro/MECHANICA Motion for Motion Analyses. Assemble and picking the . and the Piston Head.Point or Planar Surface . Therefore.Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Tutorial: This Suggested Technique will demonstrate how Mechanism Design can be used to assemble a mechanism using connections. Crank Shaft.Axis . Mechanism Design results may be used to check for possible interferences which may arise between moving parts.Axis .Axis .Planar Surface . The engine block in this mechanism will serve as ground. References Required at Part Level .Planar Surface Page 3 of 14 .Planar Surface References Required at Assembly Level . For the purposes of this document a piston and crank assembly will be used.Axis . All other components will be moving with respect to the Engine Block Bottom.Point or Planar Surface .prt file for the Engine Block Bottom. Within Mechanism Design.Point . We will do this by selecting Component. This example mechanism contains five parts: Engine Block Bottom. Connection Pin Slider Cylindrical Ball Planar Procedure 1. Connecting Rod Clamp.Point .
Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Figure 1 2. Next. Then select "Connections" to expand the Component Placement dialogue box. Once all the necessary constraints have been defined the part will be properly placed in the assembly and a pin connection icon displayed. and select the Crank Shaft part file." To create a pin joint two sets of constraints are necessary (See Table 1). The Crank Shaft will assemble to the Engine Block Bottom and will be spinning about its axis with respect to the Engine Block Bottom. select Component. You will then need to select a plane or surface in the assembly and a plane or surface in the part for the translation constraints. the first moving part of the mechanism will be assembled. Therefore a pin joint is needed between the Crank Shaft and the Engine Block Bottom. Assemble. Mechanism Design uses the axes to line up the axis of rotation of the part to the axis in the assembly about which the part may spin. To assemble the Crank Shaft. The datum planes are simply used for placement references (the datum planes are lined up). Select an axis on the assembly and an axis on the part for the "Axis Alignment" constraints. Page 4 of 14 . Set the connection type to be "Pin. as shown in Figure 2.
select the "Move" tab from the "Component Placement" dialogue box. Finally. To change the orientation of the part being assembled. Make sure Rotate is selected and then using left mouse button click somewhere on the screen. Prior to accepting the placement of the Crank Shaft it would be advisable to change the orientation of the Crank Shaft. Once desired orientation is achieved click on the screen again to fix the orientation. Page 5 of 14 .Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Figure 2 3. After clicking on the screen the Crank Shaft may be spun about its axis of rotation simply by moving the mouse around. With the Crank Shaft in the current orientation. See Figure 3. it will be more difficult to place the next component. select Ok from the "Component Placement" dialogue box to complete the assembly of the Crank Shaft.
Assemble. and select the Piston Connecting Rod part file. select Component.Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Click to Zoom Figure 3 4. The Piston Connecting Rod will be assembled next using a pin connection between it and the Crank Shaft. Page 6 of 14 . Select "Pin" for the connection type. As in step 2 select all the necessary references. As in step 2.
the connecting rod has assembled pointing down into the Engine Block Bottom. Notice how in Figure 4.Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Figure 4 5. See Figure 5. Just as in step 3 "Move" may be used to reorient the Connecting rod to point up. Page 7 of 14 .
To implement this the Connecting Rod Clamp needs to be assembled with Fixed constraints with respect to the connecting rod. Now that the Connecting Rod has been positioned and oriented correctly. The Connecting Rod Clamp is fixed to the Connecting Rod and therefore will move with it. See Figure 6. we need to assemble the Connecting Rod Clamp. Page 8 of 14 .Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Click to Zoom Figure 5 6.
and select the Connecting Rod Clamp Part. Page 9 of 14 . select Component. See Figure 7. Instead of selecting "Connections" to expand the dialogue box. In this case a mate constraint and a pair of align constraints may be used to properly assemble the Connecting Rod Clamp to the Connecting Rod.Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Figure 6 To assemble the Connecting Rod Clamp using Fixed constraints. use traditional Pro/ENGINEER Assembly constraints. Assemble.
Page 10 of 14 . The final part to be assembled is the Piston Head. The Piston Head will be assembled on to the Connecting Rod using a pin connection.Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Figure 7 7. See Figure 8. The orientation of the Piston Head may be adjusted if necessary.
To do this. The Piston Head has a pin connection to the Connecting Rod. a cylinder connection only needs an axis alignment constraint. Redefine. Select the Add button and change the type of the new connection to "cylinder". a cylinder joint needs to be defined between the Piston Head and Ground which is the Engine Block Bottom in this model. A "slider" connection would also work in this model. However. Select Ok to complete the definition of the cylinder connection. as it is assembled the Piston Head is free to flop around rotating about its pin connection with the Connecting Rod. Select the appropriate axes on the Engine Block Bottom and the Piston Head. Page 11 of 14 . The model needs to be finished by adding another connection such that the Piston Head would move up and down as if it were inside a cylinder. As shown in Table 1. If you still have the "Component Placement" dialogue box open. and pick the Piston Head. Figure 9 and 10 show this model with a "slider" connection. Although the model is fully assembled now. If you use a "cylinder" connection your model will have a "cylinder" connection icon instead.Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Figure 8 8. you may simply select Add and change the connection type to "cylinder". Otherwise select Component. it is still incomplete.
Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Figure 9 9. select Mechanism.Run. Connect. Now the model is fully defined and may be used in Mechanism Design for Kinematic analyses or transferred to Pro/MECHANICA Motion for Dynamic analyses. the assembly may be tested in Mechanism Design much the same way in Pro/MECHANICA an assembly analysis is used to check and see if the model can be put together as defined. To do this. However. the model will look like Figure 10. Select Yes if the assembled configuration looks correct. Finally. Mechanism Design will report the results of the run once it is done and will ask you if you would like to accept the assembled configuration. Page 12 of 14 .
Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Figure 10 Page 13 of 14 .
Tech. Pubs. 3. Engr.Title: Mechanism Design Option Date: 8/8/2002 Tutorial Evaluation: Title: PTC Products Used: Time using Pro/E: 1 – Strongly Disagree 3 – Agree 5 – Strongly Agree 1. Analyst Advanced Assembly Extension Intralink Modelcheck 1-2 years 6-12 months Advanced Surface Extension All 5+ years 2-5 years Behavioral Modeling What concepts/techniques learned from this tutorial will you apply on the job? 1) 2) 3) What would you like to see as a future tutorial at your company? 1) 2) 3) What can be done to improve these tutorials for your company? 1) 2) 3) Additional Comments: Page 14 of 14 . 5. This tutorial content met my expectations: The exercise was easy to understand: This tutorial will help me on current projects: These techniques make Pro/E a more effective tool: These techniques will increase my speed using Pro/E: ………………………… ………………………… ………………………… ………………………… ………………………… 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 Engineer Foundation 0-6 months Designer Draftsmen Mfg. 4. 2.
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