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r05220404-electromagnetic-waves-and-transmission-lines

# r05220404-electromagnetic-waves-and-transmission-lines

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05/09/2014

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# Code No: R05220404

Set No. 1

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne conductivity of a material. (b) Apply Gauss’s law to derive the boundary conditions at a conductor-dielectric interface. (c) In a cylindrical conductor of radius 2mm, the current density varies with distance from the axis according to J = 103 e−400r A/m2 . Find the total current I. [4+6+6] 2. (a) State Ampere’s circuital law. Specify the conditions to be met for determining magnetic ﬁeld strength, H, based on Ampere’s circuital law (b) A long straight conductor with radius ‘a’ has a magnetic ﬁeld strength H = (Ir/2πa2 ) aφ within the conductor (r < a) and H = (I/2πr) aφ outside the ˆ ˆ conductor (r > a) Find the current density J in both the regions (r < and r > a) (c) Deﬁne Magnetic ﬂux density and vector magnetic potential. 3. (a) Derive the equation of continuity for time varying ﬁelds. (b) A Parallel plate capacitor with a plate area of 5cm2 and plate separation of 3mm has a voltage 50 Sin 103 t V applied to its plates. Calculate the displacement current assuming ∈= 2 ∈0 [8+8] 4. A 3 GHz uniform plane wave propagates through rexolite in the positive Z-direction the E-ﬁeld at Z = 0 is 100 00 v/m (a) Calculate the RMS value and phase of E at Z=4 cm (b) Calculate the total attenuation in dB over a distance of 6 wave langths. For rexolite ∈r=2.54 and tan δ=0.0005 [8+8] 5. (a) Deﬁne Complex Poynting vector and explain how to obtain an average power. (b) A plane wave of frequency 2MHz is incident upon a copper conductor normally. The wave has an electric ﬁeld amplitude of E= 2mV/m. The copper has εr = 1, µr = 1 and σ = 5.8 × 107 mho/m. Find out average power density absorbed by the copper. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain about attenuation in parallel-plate wave guides. Also draw attenuation versus frequency characteristics of waves guided between parallel conducting plates. 1 of 2 [4+8+4]

Code No: R05220404

Set No. 1

(b) A parallel plate wave guide made of two perfectly conducting inﬁnite planes spaced 3 cm apart in air operates at a frequency of 10 GHz. Find the maximum time average power that can be propagated per unit width of the guide for T E1 and T M1 modes. [8+8] 7. (a) Explain the diﬀerent types of transmission lines. What are limitations to the maximum power that they can handle. (b) A coaxial limes with an outer diameter of 8 mm has 50 ohm characteristic impedance. If the dielectric constant of the insulation is 1.60, calculate the inner diameter. (c) Describe the losses in transmission lines [8+4+4]

8. (a) Explain what is meant by voltage reﬂection coeﬃcient in a transmission line The voltage reﬂection coeﬃcient due to load connected to a lossless transmission line of characteristic impedance 100 Ω and working at 3 GHz is 0.5, 450 . Assuming the load voltage to be 10 V, calculate the r.m.s voltage and current at intervals of one fourth wave length from the load up to a distance 5 cm. (b) A 75 Ω line is terminated by a load of 120 + j80 Ω . Find the maximum and minimum impedances on the line. [10+6] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220404

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne conductivity of a material. (b) Apply Gauss’s law to derive the boundary conditions at a conductor-dielectric interface. (c) In a cylindrical conductor of radius 2mm, the current density varies with distance from the axis according to J = 103 e−400r A/m2 . Find the total current I. [4+6+6] 2. (a) Obtain an expression for diﬀerential magnetic ﬁeld strength dH due to diﬀerential current element I dl at the origin in the positive Z- direction. (b) Find the magnetic ﬁeld strength, H at the centre of a square conducting loop of side ‘2a’ in Z=0 plane if the loop is carrying a current , I, in anti clock wie direction. [6+10] 3. (a) Explain faraday’s law for time varying ﬁelds. (b) Verify that the displacement current in the parallel plate capacitor is the same as the conduction current in the connecting wires. [8+8] 4. (a) For a conducting medium derive expressions for α and β. (b) Determine the phase velouty of propagation, attenuation constant, phase constant and intrinsic impedance for a forward travelling wave in a large block of copper at 1 MHz (σ = 5.8 × 107 , ∈ r = µr = 1) determine the distance that the wave must travel to be attenuated by a factor of 100 (40 dB) [8+8] 5. Prove that under the condition of no reﬂection at an interface, the sum of the Brewster angle and the angle of refraction is 90 degrees for parallel polarization for the case of reﬂection by a perfect conductor under oblique incidence , with neat sketches. [16] 6. (a) A parallel waveguide has a set of parallel plates at x=0 and x=a, with propagation along z-direction. Sketch the variations of E and H ﬁelds for T E10 waves , giving the nature of variations. (b) For a parallel plate waveguide of separation ‘a’, calculate the wave impedances for T E10 and T E10 waves. Deﬁne the terms involved. [8+8] 7. (a) Deﬁne the i/p impedance of a transmission line and derive the expression for it. 1 of 2

Code No: R05220404

Set No. 2

(b) The characteristic impedance of a certain line is 710, 140 Ω and τ = 0.007 + j0.028 perkm. The line is terminated in a 300 Ω resistor. Calculate the i/p impedance of the line if its length is 100 km [8+8] 8. (a) Derive a relation between reﬂection coeﬃcient and characteristic impedance. (b) Determine the reﬂection coeﬃcients When i. ZL = Z0 ii. ZL = shortcircuit iii. ZL = open circuit Also ﬁnd out the magnitude of reﬂection coeﬃcient When ZL is purely reactive . [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220404

Set No. 3

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) State and Prove Gauss’s law. List the limitations of Gauss’s law. (b) Derive an expression for the electric ﬁeld strength due to a circular ring of radius ‘a’ and uniform charge density, ρL C/m, using Gauss’s law. Obtain the value of height ‘h’ along z-axis at which the net electric ﬁeld becomes zero. Assume the ring to be placed in x-y plane. (c) Deﬁne Electric potential. [6+8+2] 2. (a) Obtain an expression for diﬀerential magnetic ﬁeld strength dH due to diﬀerential current element I dl at the origin in the positive Z- direction. (b) Find the magnetic ﬁeld strength, H at the centre of a square conducting loop of side ‘2a’ in Z=0 plane if the loop is carrying a current , I, in anti clock wie direction. [6+10] 3. (a) Explain boundary conditions for dielectric - dielectric and dielectric - conductor interfaces. (b) Let µ = 3 × 10−5 H/m, ∈= 1.2x10−10 f /m and σ = 0 every where. If H = 2cos(1010 t − βx)¯z A/m. use Maxwell’s equations to ﬁnd B. a [8+8] 4. (a) Explain skin depth and derive expression for depth of penetration for good conductor. (b) Find µr, ∈ r and σ for a material in which at 100MHz, uniform plane wave has α = 2N ρ/m λ = 1m and |η| = 200ohm. [8+8] 5. (a) Explain the signiﬁcances of Poynting theorem and Pointing vector. (b) A plane wave traveling in a medium of εr = 1, µr = 1 has an electric ﬁeld √ intensity of 100 × π. Determine the energy density in the magnetic ﬁeld and also the total energy density. [8+8] 6. (a) Derive the relation λ = √
λc λg λ2 + λ2 g c

where λ is free space wave length, λg is

the wave length measured in the guide, and λc is the cut oﬀ wave length. (b) For a parallel plane wave guide having z-propagation, explain the nature of variation and sketch the variation of E and H for T M10 waves. [8+8] 7. (a) Show that for any uniform transmission line the following relations are valid. Z0 = (Zoc.Zsc)1/2 √ √ T anhP 1 = Zsc Zoc What will be their modiﬁcations for loss less lines? 1 of 2

Code No: R05220404

Set No. 3

(b) Short-circuited and open ?circuited measurements at frequency of 5000 Hz on a line length 100 km yields the following results: Zoc = 570? − 480 Zsc = 720, 340 Find the characteristic impedance and propagation constant of the line. [8+8] 8. (a) Explain clearly why the short circuited stubs are preferred over to a open circuited stubs? (b) Derive the expression for the input impedance of a loss-less line. Hence evaluate ZSC and ZOC and sketch their variation with line length [6+10] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05220404

Set No. 4

II B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES ( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering and Electronics & Telematics) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Deﬁne conductivity of a material. (b) Apply Gauss’s law to derive the boundary conditions at a conductor-dielectric interface. (c) In a cylindrical conductor of radius 2mm, the current density varies with distance from the axis according to J = 103 e−400r A/m2 . Find the total current I. [4+6+6] 2. (a) State Biot- Savart law (b) Derive an expression for magnetic ﬁeld strength, H, due to a ﬁnite ﬁlamentary conductor carrying a curent I and placed along Z- axis at a point ‘P’ on yaxis. Hence deduce the magnetic ﬁeld strength for the length of the conductor extending from - ∞ to + ∞. [4+12] 3. (a) Explain boundary conditions for dielectric - dielectric and dielectric - conductor interfaces. (b) Let µ = 3 × 10−5 H/m, ∈= 1.2x10−10 f /m and σ = 0 every where. If H = 2cos(1010 t − βx)¯z A/m. use Maxwell’s equations to ﬁnd B. a [8+8] 4. (a) For good dielectrics derive the expressions for α, β, ν and η. (b) Find α, β, ν and η. for Ferrite at 10GHz ∈ r = 9, µr = 4, σ = 10ms/m. [8+8] 5. (a) A uniform plane wave is normally incident from air on a perfect conductor. Determine the resulting E and H ﬁelds. Sketch their variations. (b) An plane EM wave is normally incident on the boundary between two dielectrics. What must be the ratio of the refractive indices of the two media in order that the reﬂected and transmitted waves may have equal magnitudes of average power. [8+8] 6. (a) Explain the signiﬁcance of TEM wave in a parallel plane guide, and derive an expression for the attenuation factor for TEM waves. (b) Explain and sketch the nature of variations of attenuation with frequency in a parallel plate wave guide for TE, TM and TEM waves. [8+8] 7. (a) List out types of transmission lines and draw their schematic diagrams.

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Code No: R05220404

Set No. 4

(b) Draw the directions of electric and magnetic ﬁelds in parallel plate and coaxial lines. (c) A transmission lines in which no distortion is present has the following parameters Z0 = 50 Ω, α = 20 mNP/m ν = 0.6ν0 . Determine R, L, G, C and wavelength at 0.2 GHz [4+4+8] 8. (a) Explain the method of determining the input impedance of line using Smith chart, for a loss less Line of length L , at any frequency f, for a complex load of ZR . (b) A loss less Line of 300Ω is terminated by a load of ZR . If the VSWR at 200MHz is 4.48, and the ﬁrst Vmin is located at 6 cm from the load. Calculate the reﬂection coeﬃcient and ZR . [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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